Brother | QL QL-500 | Brother QL Series Command Reference

Copyright (c) 2011 Brother Industries, Ltd.
Brother QL Series
Command Reference
(QL-500/550/560/570/580N/
650TD/700/1050/1060N)
October 3, 2011 Version 6.0
Brother Industries, Ltd.,
Software Application Development Dept.
1.INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. 2
2.OVERVIEW ..................................................................................................................................................... 3
3.PRINT DATA ................................................................................................................................................... 4
3.1.PRINT DATA OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................ 4
3.2.PAGE DATA DETAILS .................................................................................................................................... 5
4.STATUS ........................................................................................................................................................12
4.1. OVERVIEW ...............................................................................................................................................12
4.2. DEFINITIONS OF EACH PART ......................................................................................................................14
5.COMMAND DETAILS ...................................................................................................................................18
6.FLOW CHARTS ............................................................................................................................................24
6.1. SEQUENTIAL NORMAL FLOW FOR USB CONNECTION ..................................................................................25
6.2. SEQUENTIAL ERROR FLOW FOR USB CONNECTION (ERROR WHEN FEEDING AT THE END OF THE PAGE, FOR
EXAMPLE, BECAUSE OF A TAPE CUTTER JAM)..................................................................................................... 26
6.3. SEQUENTIAL ERROR FLOW FOR USB CONNECTION (ERROR DURING CONTINUOUS PRINTING, FOR EXAMPLE,
BECAUSE THERE IS NO MORE TAPE) .................................................................................................................. 27
6.4. SEQUENTIAL COOLING FLOW FOR USB CONNECTION.................................................................................28
6.5. FLOW FOR SETTING SERIAL CONNECTION BAUD RATE ...............................................................................29
6.6. BUFFERING NORMAL FLOW FOR SERIAL/USB CONNECTION .......................................................................30
6.7. BUFFERING ERROR FLOW FOR SERIAL/USB CONNECTION .........................................................................31
6.8. BUFFERING COOLING FLOW FOR SERIAL/USB CONNECTION ......................................................................32
6.9. BUFFERING NORMAL FLOW FOR NETWORK (STANDARD TCP/IP / LPR PORT) CONNECTION ........................33
7.USB SPECIFICATIONS................................................................................................................................34
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
1
1.Introduction
This material provides the necessary information for directly controlling the Brother QL-500/550/560/
570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N. This information is provided assuming that the user has full
understanding of the operating system being used and basic mastery of USB in a developer’s
environment.
Details concerning the USB interface are not described in this material. If a USB interface is being
used, refer to “7. USB Specifications” to prepare the interface.
We accept no responsibility for any problems caused by programs that you develop using the
information provided in this material, affecting software, data or hardware, including the Brother QL-500/
550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N, and any problems resulting directly or indirectly from them.
These materials are provided in their current condition, and we assume no responsibility for their content.
Use this material only if you accept these terms.
This material shall not be reproduced, in part or in full, without prior approval. In addition, this material
shall not be used as evidence in a lawsuit or dispute in a way that is unfavorable towards our company.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
2
2.Overview
The printing procedure is described below. For details on each command, refer to “5.Command Details”.
By using the machine’s button (E/EL), QL-700 can be switched between operating in the printer class and
the mass storage class.
These materials assume that the machine is operating in the printer class.
① Open USB/Serial/Network port
Open the USB/Serial/Network port in the operating environment. The procedure for opening the
USB/Serial/Network port is not described in this material.
The serial port can only be used with the QL-580N/650TD/1050/1060N.
The network port can only be used with the QL-580N/1060N.
② Check machine status
The “Status information request” command is sent to the printer, the status information received from
the printer is analyzed, and then the status of the printer is determined. For details on the “Status
information request” command and on the definition of “status”, refer to “Status information request” in “5.
Command Details”.
③ Send print data
If the status analysis concludes that a tape cassette corresponding to the print data is loaded into the
printer and that no error has occurred, the print data is sent. The structure of the print data is explained in
the next section, “3. Print Data”.
Note:
No command can be sent to the printer after the print data is transmitted and until the completion
of printing is confirmed.
Even the “Status information request” command cannot be sent during printing.
④ Confirmation of printing completion
When printing is completed, the status is sent from the printer. This status is analyzed and, if printing
is completed, one page is printed. If the print job has multiple pages, ② through ④ are repeated.
⑤ Close USB/Serial/Network port
After all printing is finished, close the USB/Serial/Network port.
Note:
In order to print at high speed when the USB port is used, the Brother QL starts printing when it
starts to receive print data, instead of waiting for a print command. For the processing flow, for
example when managing errors, refer to “6. Flow Charts”.
(If the printing data is compressed in Command “4D H + 02 H” for QL-580N/650TD/1050/1060N, the
printer starts printing after a print command.)
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
3
3.Print Data
3.1.Print data overview
The print data is constructed of the following: ① Initialize, ② Job data, ③ Page data, and ④ Print
command. If the print job consists of multiple pages, ② through ④ are repeated
① Initialize
-
Initialize
Clears the mode settings.
1B H, 40 H
② Job data
Added at the beginning of each page and feeds each page.
Sequence
Command Name
Description/Example
1
Command mode switch
Only used with QL-580N/650TD/1050/1060N.
Switches to raster mode
1B H, 69 H, 61 H, 01 H
2
Print information
Sets the print information for the printer.
command
For the starting page of die-cut labels (29 mm × 90 mm)
with priority given to print speed:
1BH, 69H, 7AH, 0EH, 0BH, 1DH, 5AH, DFH, 03H,
00H, 00H, 00H, 00H
3
Set each mode
To select “Auto Cut”(except QL-500):
1B H, 69 H, 4D H, 40 H
4
Specify
the
page Only used with QL-570/580N/700/1050/1060N.
number in ”cut every * When an auto cut setting is effective, specify the number
labels”
of sheets for auto cut.
For each sheets,
1B H, 69 H, 41 H, 01 H
5
Set expanded mode
Only used with QL-570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N.
To set “Cut at end flag”
1B H, 69 H, 4B H, 08 H
6
Set margin amount
For 3 mm margins:
1B H, 69 H, 64 H, 23 H, 00 H
7
Compression mode
Only used with QL-580N/650TD/1050/1060N
selection
For QL-650TD, data can only be compressed when the
serial port is used.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
4
③ Page data
Repeat for each page in the print job.
Sequence
Command Name
Description/Example
-
Raster graphics transfer
Sends a raster line that contains data with a pixel set to
“ON”.
For
a
single
perpendicular
line
on
62-mm-wide
continuous length tape:
67H, 00H, 5AH, 00H, 0FH, FFH (repeat for 86 bytes),
F0H, 00H (QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD)
67H, 00H, 5AH, 00H, 0FH, FFH (repeat for 168 bytes),
F0H, 00H (QL-1050/1060N)
④ Print command
Specified at the end of the page.
Sequence
Command Name
Description/Example
-
Print command
Specified at the end of a page that is not the last page.
0C H
-
Print command with
Specified at the end of the last page. 1A H
feeding
3.2.Page data details
3.2.1. Resolution
Resolution
Height-to-Width
Proportion
300 dpi high, 300 dpi wide
1:1
600 dpi high, 300 dpi wide
2:1
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
5
3.2.2. Page size
A.Continuous length tape
5
1
3
6
Feeding direction
6
5
2
4
2
4
1
3
Print area
Page size
Feeding direction
Landscape
Number
1 Width
Portrait
2 Length
3 Print area width (maximum printing width)
5 Width offset
ID
257
258
264
262
261
259
260
Label
Size
12mm
6 Length offset
Designation 1
12mm
1/2” (0.47”)
29mm 29mm
1-1/7”(1.1”)
38mm 38mm
1-1/7”(1.4”)
50mm 50mm
2” (1.9”)
54mm 54mm
2-1/8” (2.1”)
62mm 62mm
2-3/7”(2.4”)
102mm 102mm
4” (4”)
4 Print area length
12.02 mm
142 dots
28.96mm
342 dots
38.0mm
449 dots
50.0 mm
590 dots
53.8mm
636 dots
61.98mm
732 dots
101.6mm
1200 dots
2
3
→3.2.4 8.97 mm
106 dots
→3.2.4 25.91 mm
306 dots
→3.2.4 35.0 mm
413 dots
→3.2.4 46.9 mm
554 dots
→3.2.4. 50.0mm
590 dots
→3.2.4 58.93mm
696 dots
→3.2.4 98.59 mm
1164 dots
4
5
6
→3.2.4
1.5 mm
18 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
1.9mm
23 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
→3.2.3
→3.2.4
→3.2.4
→3.2.4
→3.2.4.
→3.2.4
→3.2.4
→3.2.3
→3.2.3
→3.2.3
→3.2.3.
→3.2.3
→3.2.3
102mm continuous tape is only for QL-1050/1060N
Inch measurements are indicated as decimals with QL-700 and as fractions with all models
other than QL-700.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
6
B. Die-cut labels
1
1
3
5
3
5
6
6
8
Print area
Print
10
2
area
4
2
4
7
Number
1 Width
2 Length
3 Print area width (maximum printing width)
5 Width offset
270
370
271
272
367
374
274
4 Print area length
6 Length offset
7 Width offset of masked area
ID
269
9
8 Length offset of masked area
9 Width of masked area
10 Length of masked area
Designation
1
2*1
3
17mm x 54mm
17.02mm
53.85mm 13.97mm
2/3” x 2-1/8”
201 dots
636 dots 165 dots
(0.66” x 2.1”)
17mm x 87mm
17.02mm
86.87mm 13.97mm
2/3” x 3-7/16”
201 dots
1026 dots 165 dots
(0.66” x 3.4”)
23mm x 23mm
23.03mm
23.03mm 19.99mm
10/11” x 10/11”
272 dots
272 dots 236 dots
(0.9” x 0.9”)
29mm x 90mm
28.96mm
89.83mm 25.91mm
1-1/7” x 3-1/2”
342 dots
1061 dots 306 dots
(1.1” x 3.5”)
38mm x 90mm
38.01mm
89.83mm 34.97mm
1-1/2” x 3-1/2”
449 dots
1061 dots 413 dots
(1.4” x 3.5”)
39mm x 48mm
39.01mm
47.8mm
36.0mm
1-1/2” x 1-8/9”
461 dots
565 dots 425 dots
(1.5” x 1.8”)
52mm x 29mm
52.0mm
28.9mm
48.9.mm
2” x 1-1/7”
614 dots
341 dots 578 dots
(2” x 1.1”)
62mm x 29mm
61.98mm
28.87mm 58.93mm
2-3/7” x 1-1/7”
732 dots
341 dots 696 dots
(2.4” x 1.1”)
4*1
47.92mm
566 dots
5
1.5 mm
18 dots
6*1
3.0 mm
35 dots
80.94mm
956 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
17.10mm
202 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
83.90mm
991 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
83.90mm
991 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
41.9mm
495 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
22.9mm
271 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
22.94mm
271 dots
1.5 mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
7
ID
275
365
366
362
363
273
Designation
62mm x 100mm
2-3/7” x 4”
(2.4” x 3.9”)
102mm x 51mm
4” x 2”
(4” x 1.9”)
102mm x 152mm
4” x 6”
(4” x 6”)
12mm Dia
1/2” Dia
(0.47” Dia)
24mm Dia
1” Dia
(0.94” Dia)
58mm Dia
2-1/3” Dia
(2.2” Dia)
1
61.98mm
732 dots
2*1
3
99.82mm 58.93mm
1179 dots 696 dots
4*1
5
93.90mm 1.5 mm
1109 dots 18 dots
101.6mm
1200 dots
50.5mm
596 dots
1.5mm
18 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
101.6mm
1200 dots
152.75mm 98.59mm 140.60mm 1.5mm
1804 dots 1164 dots 1660 dots 18 dots
6.1mm
72 dots
12.02mm
142 dots
12.02mm
142 dots
7.96mm
94 dots
7.96mm
94 dots
2.0 mm
24 dots
2.0 mm
24 dots
24.04mm
284 dots
24.04mm
284 dots
19.98mm
236 dots
19.98mm
236 dots
2.0 mm
24 dots
2.0 mm
24 dots
58.25mm
688 dots
58. 25mm 52.24mm
688 dots 618 dots
52.24mm
618 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
3.0 mm
35 dots
98.59mm 44.53mm
1164 dots 526 dots
6*1
3.0 mm
35 dots
Inch measurements are indicated as decimals with QL-700 and as fractions with all models other than
QL-700.
ID
273
7
21.17mm
232 dots
8*1
21.08mm
232 dots
9*1*2
19.0mm
224 dots
10*1*2
19.0mm
224 dots
*1 The number of dots in the table is for 300 dpi; it is difference in the high-resolution mode.
*2 Margins of 3 mm (1.5 mm × 2) horizontally and 3 mm (1.5 mm × 2) vertically are added to a diameter of 16 mm.
“102mm x 51mm” and “102mm x 152mm” is only for QL-1050/1060N
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
8
3.2.3. Feed amount
The feed amount (left and right margins) is defined below.
Tape Type
Minimum Margin Setting
Maximum Margin Setting
Continuous
mm setting: 3 mm
mm setting: 127 mm
length tape
Inch setting: 0.1”
Inch setting: 5”
35 dots
1500 dots
Die-cut labels
Set the command for specifying the margin to “0”.
In case of using 12 mm Dia for QL-500/550/560/570/580N/700, specify 35
dots.
3.2.4.
Maximum and minimum lengths
The maximum and minimum lengths are defined below.
Tape Type
Minimum Length
Continuous length tape
(QL-500/550/560/650TD/1050 (QL-500/550/560/570/580N/65
Die-cut labels
Maximum Length
/1060N)
0TD/700)
25 mm
1000 mm
295 dots
11811 dots
(QL-570/580N/700)
(QL-1050/1060N)
12.7 mm
3000 mm
150 dots
35433 dots
Fixed
Fixed
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
9
3.2.5.
Raster line arrangement
Raster line
Number of pins for
right margin
Left and right
margins
First byte
Number
of
print area pins
Total
number
pins
of
Print area
Number of pins for
left margin
Last byte
0 pin
Pins on print head
Feeding direction
QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700: Total number of pins
Continuous length tape:
Label Size
12mm
29mm
38mm
50mm
54mm
62mm
Die-cut labels:
Label Size
17 mm x 54 mm
17 mm x 87 mm
23 mm x 23 mm
29 mm x 90 mm
38 mm x 90 mm
39 mm x 48 mm
52 mm x 29 mm
62 mm x 29 mm
62 mm x 100 mm
12 mm Dia
24 mm Dia
58 mm Dia
720 pins
Number of Number of Print Area Number of
Pins for Left
Pins
Pins for Right
Margin
Margin
585
106
29
408
306
6
295
413
12
154
554
12
130
590
0
12
696
12
Number of Raster
Graphics Transfer
Bytes
90
90
90
90
90
90
Number of Number of Print Area Number of
Pins for Left
Pins
Pins for Right
Margin
Margin
555
165
0
555
165
0
442
236
42
408
306
6
295
413
12
289
425
6
142
578
0
12
696
12
12
696
12
513
94
113
442
236
42
51
618
51
Number of Raster
Graphics Transfer
Bytes
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
10
QL-1050/1060N: Total number of pins
Continuous length tape:
Label Size
12mm
29mm
38mm
50mm
54mm
62mm
102mm
Die-cut labels:
Label Size
17mm x 54mm
17mm x 87mm
23mm x 23mm
29mm x 90mm
38mm x 90mm
39mm x 48mm
52mm x 29mm
62mm x 29mm
62mm x 100mm
102mm x 51mm
102mm x 152mm
12mm Dia
24mm Dia
58mm Dia
1296 pins
Number of Number of Print Area Number of
Pins for Left
Pins
Pins for Right
Margin
Margin
1116
940
827
686
662
544
76
106
306
413
554
590
696
1164
74
50
56
56
44
56
56
Number of Number of Print Area Number of
Pins for Left
Pins
Pins for Right
Margin
Margin
1087
1087
976
940
827
821
674
544
544
76
76
1046
975
584
165
165
236
306
413
425
578
696
696
1164
1164
94
236
618
44
44
84
50
56
50
44
56
56
56
56
156
85
94
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
Number of Raster
Graphics Transfer
Bytes
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
Number of Raster
Graphics Transfer
Bytes
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
162
11
4.Status
4.1. Overview
The status is sent from the printer to the computer as a reply to the “status information request”
command or as an error message. The size is fixed to 32 bytes.
Number
Offset
Size
Name
Value/Reference
1
0
1 Print head mark
Fixed to “80 Hex”
2
1
1 Size
Fixed to “20 Hex”
3
2
1 Reserved
Fixed to ’B’ (42 Hex)
4
3
1 Reserved
QL-500/550/650TD/1050:
Fixed to ’0’ (30 Hex)
QL-560/570/580N/700/1060N:
Fixed to ’4’ (34 Hex)
5
4
1 Reserved
QL-500/550: Fixed to ‘O’ (4F Hex)
QL-560: Fixed to ‘1’ (31 Hex)
QL-570: Fixed to ‘2’ (32 Hex)
QL-580N: Fixed to ‘3’ (33 Hex)
QL-650TD: Fixed to ‘Q’ (51 Hex)
QL-700: Fixed to ‘5’ (35 Hex)
QL-1050: Fixed to ‘P’ (50 Hex)
QL-1060N: Fixed to ‘4’ (34 Hex)
6
5
1 Reserved
Fixed to ’0’ (30 Hex)
7
6
1 Reserved
Fixed to “00 Hex”
8
7
1 Reserved
Fixed to “00 Hex”
9
8
1 Error information 1
Refer to section 4.2.1.
10
9
1 Error information 2
Refer to section 4.2.1.
11
10
1 Media width
Refer to section 4.2.2.
12
11
1 Media type
Refer to section 4.2.3.
13
12
1 Reserved
Fixed to “00 Hex”
14
13
1 Reserved
Fixed to “00 Hex”
15
14
1 Reserved
Not set
16
15
1 Reserved
Not set
17
16
1 Reserved
Fixed to “00 Hex”
18
17
1 Media length
Refer to section 4.2.2.
19
18
1 Status type
Refer to section 4.2.4.
20
19
1 Phase type
Refer to section 4.2.5.
21
20
1 Higher order bytes of Refer to section 4.2.5.
phase number
22
21
1 Lower order bytes of Refer to section 4.2.5.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
12
phase number
23
22
1 Notification number
Refer to section 4.2.6.
24
23
1 Reserved
Not set
25
24
8 Reserved
Not set
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
13
4.2. Definitions of each part
4.2.1. Error information 1 and error information 2
Error information 1
Flag
Mask
Definition
Bit 0
0x01
No media when printing
Bit 1
0x02
End of media (die-cut size only)
Bit 2
0x04
Tape cutter jam
Bit 3
0x08
Not used
Bit 4
0x10
Main unit in use (QL-560/650TD/1050)
Bit 5
0x20
Not used
Bit 6
0x40
Not used
Bit 7
0x80
Fan doesn’t work (QL-1050/1060N)
Error information 2
Flag
Mask
Definition
Bit 0
0x01
Not used
Bit 1
0x02
Not used
Bit 2
0x04
Transmission error
Bit 3
0x08
Not used
Bit 4
0x10
Bit 5
0x20
Cover opened while printing
(Except QL-500)
Not used
Bit 6
0x40
Cannot feed (used even when the media is empty)
Bit 7
0x80
System error
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
14
4.2.2. Media width and length
The media width and length is described in millimeters. 0 to 255 (FF Hex)
The width of continuous length tape is indicated in millimeters of the tape width, and the width of
die-cut labels is indicated by the width of the die-cut section.
The length of continuous length tape is fixed to “00 Hex”, and the length of die-cut labels is
indicated by the length of the die-cut section.
Continuous length tape
Media
12mm
29mm
38mm
50mm
54mm
62mm
102mm
Die-cut labels
Media
17 mm x 54 mm
17 mm x 87 mm
23 mm x 23mm
29 mm x 90 mm
38 mm x 90 mm
39 mm x 48 mm
52 mm x 29 mm
62 mm x 29 mm
62 mm x 100 mm
102mm x 51mm
102mm x 152mm
12 mm Dia
24 mm Dia
58 mm Dia
Media Width
12
29
38
50
54
62
102
Media Width
17
17
23
29
38
39
52
62
62
102
102
12
24
58
Media Length
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Media Length
54
87
23
90
90
48
29
29
100
51
153
12
24
58
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
15
4.2.3. Media type
Media Type
No media
Value
Description
00 Hex
Used as print information when the
media type is not indicated.
Continuous length tape
0A Hex
Used for both paper and MKP.
Die-cut labels
0B Hex
Used for both paper and MKP.
4.2.4. Status type
Status Type
Value
Reply to status request
00 Hex
Printing completed
01 Hex
Error occurred
02 Hex
Notification
05 Hex
Phase change
06 Hex
If an error occurred during printing, the unit returns the error status.
4.2.5. Phase type and phase number
If the phase type and phase number are not used, both are fixed to “00 Hex”.
Phase State
Phase Type
Phase Number
Phase Number
Higher Order Bytes
Lower Order Bytes
Waiting to receive
00 Hex
00 Hex
00 Hex
Printing state
01 Hex
00 Hex
00 Hex
When the machine is turned on, it is in the “Waiting to receive” phase state. When printing
begins, it changes to the “Printing state” phase state and the machine sends the phase status to
the computer. When printing has finished, the machine sends the “Waiting to receive” phase status
to the computer. Unless an error occurs during printing, the machine sends the “Printing
completed” status.
In sequential printing, In order to print at high speed, printing starts even if a print command has
not been sent from the computer. At this time, care should be taken since the “Printing state” phase
and “Waiting to receive” phase statuses will be sent. (Refer to “6. Flow Charts”.)
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
16
4.2.6. Notification number
Notification
Value
Not available
00 Hex
Cooling (start)
03 Hex
Cooling (finish)
04 Hex
If a high-temperature error occurred during printing, the unit stops printing and enters the
cooling state.
At this time, the notification number is used for delivering the status of the cooling state. For
details on controlling the actual printing process, refer to “6. Flow Charts”.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
17
5.Command Details
Name
Invalid command
Syntax
NULL
00 H
Description
Skip
Name
Initialize
Syntax
ESC + @
1B H + 40 H
Description
Initialize mode settings.
Also used to cancel printing.
Name
Status information request
Syntax
ESC + I + S
1B H + 69 H + 53 H
Description
Send request to printer to receive status information.
Name
Command mode switch (QL-580N/650TD/1050/1060N)
Syntax
ESC + i + a + {n}
1B H + 69 H + 61 H + {n}
Description
Specifies the command mode.
Definition of {n}
:ESC/P mode (normal)
:Raster mode (default)
:ESC/P mode (text) for QL-650TD
: P-touch Template mode
for QL-580N/1050/1060N
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
18
Name
Print information command
Syntax
ESC + i + z + {n1} + {n2} + {n3} + {n4} + {n5} + {n6} + {n7} + {n8} + {n9}+ {n10}
1B H + 69 H + 7AH + {n1} + {n2} + {n3} + {n4} + {n5} + {n6} + {n7} + {n8} + {n9}+ {n10}
Description
Specifies the print information.
Definition of {n1} through {n10}
{n1}:
Valid flag; specifies which values are valid
#define
PI_KIND
0x02
#define
PI_WIDTH
0x04
#define
PI_LENGTH
0x08
#define
PI_QUALITY
0x40
#define
PI_RECOVER
0x80
{n2}:
// Paper type
// Paper width
// Paper length
// Give priority to print quality
// Always ON
Paper type
Continuous length tape 0A Hex
Die-cut labels
0B Hex
{n3}:
Paper width; units: mm
{n4}:
Paper length; units: mm
{n5-n8}: Raster number =
n8*256*256*256 + n7*256*256 + n6*256 + n5
If the media is not correctly loaded into the printer when the valid flag for PI_KIND,
PI_WIDTH and PI_LENGTH are set to “ON”, an error status is returned (Bit 0 of “error
information 2” is set to “ON”.)
{n9}:
Starting page: 0; Other pages: 1
{n10}: Fixed to “0”
Name
Set each mode
Syntax
ESC + i + M + {n}
1B H + 69 H + 4D H + {n}
Description
Definition of {n}
The meaning of each bit in a 1-byte parameter is described below.
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Not used
Not defined
Auto cut (QL550/560/570/580N/
650TD/700/1050/1060N)
Not used
Bit 6
Auto cut
1: Auto cut
0:No auto cut
When “auto cut” is specified for QL-560/570/580N/700/1050/1060N, following
command (ESC + I + A + {n1}) is valid.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
19
Name
Specify the page number in ”cut every * labels” (QL-560/570/580N/700/1050/1060N)
Syntax
ESC + i + A + {n1}
1B H + 69 H + 41 H + {n1}
Description
When “auto cut” is specified, you can specify page number (1-255) in “cut each *
labels”.
Page number = n1 (1- 255)
Default is 1 (cut each label)
Name
Set expanded mode (QL-560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N)
Syntax
ESC + i + K + {n}
1B H + 69 H + 4B H + {n}
Description
Definition of {n}
The meaning of each bit in a 1-byte parameter is described below.
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
Not used
Not used
Not used
Cut at end (Earlier version of
QL-650TD firmware is not
supported.)
Not used
High resolution printing
(QL-570/580N/700)
Not used
Bit 3 Cut at end
Specify that whether cut at end or not when plural pages printing
ON: Cut at end (default)
OFF: Not cut at end
Bit 6 High resolution printing (QL-570/580N/700)
ON: It prints at 600 dpi in the paper length direction.
OFF: It prints at 300 dpi in the paper length direction.(default)
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
20
Name
Set margin amount (feed amount)
Syntax
ESC + i + d + {n1} + {n2}
1B H + 69 H + 64 H + {n1} + {n2}
Description
Specifies the amount of the margins.
Margin amount (dots) = n1 + 256*n2
With this model, the amount of feed cannot be set for each mode.
With die-cut labels, the margin amount at the ends of the printed area is “0”.
In case of using QL-550/560/570/580N/700, specify 35dots.
Continuous length tape
Print area
Margin amount
Die-cut labels
Print area
Printed area
Label
Margin amount (only “0” is available)
Name
Compression mode selection (QL-570/580N/650TD/1050/1060N)
Syntax
M + {n}
4D H+ {n}
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
21
Description
This selects the compression mode. Data compression is only enabled with raster
graphic transfer data.
Definition of {n}
0
No-compression mode
(Enabled)
1
Reserved
(Disabled)
2
TIFF
(QL-580N/650TD/1050/1060N)
In case QL-650TD, only enabled with serial
interface
In case QL-580N/1060N, serial and LAN
interface should set TIFF option.
【TIFF(Pack Bits)】
1. 1-byte unit
When the same data is repeated, the number of repetitions and the one-byte
data are specified.
When the data is different, the number of data items and all data are specified.
.When the same data is repeated, the number of data units is specified as the
actual number minus 1, expressed as a negative number.
When the number of different data units is specified, that number of bytes minus
1 is expressed as a positive number.
.If the above process results in more than 90 bytes of compressed data, the data
is treated as being all different. As a result, there are 91 bytes, including the 1
byte specifying the data length.
Example: Compression example
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 22 22 23 BA BF A2 22 2B ……
Without compression
With compression
ED 00 FF 22 05 23 BA BF A2 22 2B …
a
b
c
a. 00H continues for 20 bytes, so 20 Dec -> 19 Dec -> 13 Hex, made into a
negative number ED Hex.
Therefore, ED 00
b. 22H continues for 2 bytes, so 2 Dec -> 1 Dec -> 1 Hex, made into a negative
number FF Hex.
Therefore, FF 22
c.
The following 6 bytes remain unchanged. 6 Dec-> 5 Dec ->5 Hex.
Therefore, 05 23 BA BF A2 22 2B
This continues for up to 90 bytes. Even if the remainder of the 90 bytes consists
only of 00 Hex, it cannot be omitted. (In case QL-1050, 162 bytes)
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
22
Name
Raster graphics transfer
Syntax
g + {s} + {n} + {d1} + ... + {dn}
67 H + {s} + {n} + {d1} + ... + {dn}
Description
{s} The definition of raster information s is as follows.
s 0x0: Data transmission
0x1~0xFE:
Not used
0xFF:
Indicates that data transmission should be stopped.
{n} Transfers the specified number of bytes (n) of data. (However, this changes if the
data is compressed using the serial interface.)
n=90 (QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700)
n=162 (QL-1050/1060N)
{d1-dn} Print data.
Name
Zero raster graphics
Syntax
Z
5A H
Description
Raster line is filled in zero data. (Compression mode)
Name
Print command
Syntax
FF
0C H
Description
Used as a print command, except for the last label when multiple labels are printed.
Name
Print command with feeding
Syntax
Control-Z
1A H
Description
Used as a print command for the last label when multiple labels are printed.
Name
Baud rate setting (QL-580N/650TD/1050/1060N)
Syntax
ESC + i + B + {n1} + {n2}
1B H + 69 H + 42H + {n1} + {n2}
Description
This changes the communications baud rate for the main unit. The factory setting is
115200 bps
Definition of {n1} and {n2}
Setting = n1 + n2 * 256
Setting:
96=9600 bps, 576=57600 bps, 1152=115200 bps
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
23
6.Flow Charts
There are following 4 ways of print methods.
・
USB Sequential*
Sequential print by USB interface.
・
USB Buffering*
Buffering print by USB interface.
・
Serial Buffering
Buffering print by serial interface.
・
Network Buffering
Buffering print by LAN interface.
Note:
*Sequential: Start printing immediately after starting to receive print data.
*Buffering: Start printing after one page of print data is received.
Print methods which each printers support are as below.
Printer
USB Sequential
USB Buffering
Serial Buffering
Network Buffering
QL-500
○
×
×
×
QL-550
○
×
×
×
QL-560
○
×
×
×
QL-570
○
×
×
×
QL-580N
○
○
○
○
QL-650TD
○
×
○
×
QL-700
○
×
×
×
QL-1050
○
○
○
×
QL-1060N
○
○
○
○
For the each print method, refer to following flow.
・
USB Sequential: 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 and 6.4.
・
USB Buffering: 6.6 and 6.7.
・
Serial Buffering: 6.5, 6.6, and 6.7.
・
Network Buffering: 6.9
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
24
6.1. Sequential Normal Flow for USB connection
Computer (host)
Printer
Send 200 bytes of Invalid command
Initialize
In order to clear any jobs
with errors remaining in the
printer. In case QL-1050,
please send 350bytes. But
this is not necessary in
normal case.
The printer is initialized.
Status information request
Perform READ.
Status (response status to status information request)
If there are no problems
with the printer status
(media, etc.), the data is
transmitted. If there is a
problem, an error appears.
Sending display
The status of the
printer (media, etc.)
is checked and a
response is sent.
Receive data.
Send control code.
Begin
printing
without waiting for a
print command.
Send print data.
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Printing
Send print data.
Send print data.
Send print data.
Printing display
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
Perform READ.
Receive “Phase change:Printing state”.
Receive“Printing completed”.
Receive “Phase change:
Waiting to receive”.
Status (“Printing completed”)
Status (Phase change: “Waiting to receive”)
Finishing process for printing
page 1
Send data for page 2
Printing of the 1st
page is actually not
finished,
but
the
“Printing completed”
status and “Waiting to
receive” phase are
sent.
Send control code/print data.
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Print 1st page.
Print 2nd page.
Send print data.
Send print data.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
25
6.2. Sequential Error Flow for USB Connection (Error when feeding at the end of the page, for example,
because of a tape cutter jam)
Printer
Computer (host)
Send 200 bytes of Invalid command
Initialize
The printer is initialized.
Status information request
The status of the
printer (media, etc.) is
checked
and
a
response is sent.
Perform READ.
Status (response status to status information request)
If there are no problems with
the printer status (media, etc.),
the data is transmitted. If there
is a problem, an error appears.
Sending display
In order to clear any jobs
with errors remaining in
the printer
Send control code.
Receive data.
Begin printing without
waiting for a print
command.
Send print data.
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Printing
Send print data.
Printing display
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
Perform READ.
Receive “Phase change:Printing state”.
Receive “Printing completed”.
Receive “Phase change:
“Waiting to receive”.
Finishing process for
printing page 1
Send data for
2
Status (“Printing completed”)
Status (Phase change: “Waiting to receive”)
Printing of the 1st page is
actually not finished, but the
“Printing completed” status
and “Waiting to receive”
phase are sent.
×
Send control code/print data.
Error occurred
Status
(Error Occured)
Send print data.
Send print data.
Printing display
Perform READ.
If an error occurs, all
data read from the
computer is cleared.
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
Receive “Error Occured”.
An error appears.
When restarted, data is resent
starting with the 1st page so that
“Printing completed” for the 2nd
page is not received.
Reprint 1st page.
Initialize
Resend process for data of
1st page
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
26
6.3. Sequential Error Flow for USB Connection (Error during continuous printing, for example, because there
is no more tape)
Computer
Printer
Send 200 bytes of Invalid command
Initialize
The printer is initialized.
Status information request
The status of the
Printer (media, etc.) is
checked
and
a
response is sent.
Perform READ.
Status (response status to status information request)
If there are no problems with
the printer status (media, etc.),
the data is transmitted. If there
is a problem, an error appears.
Sending display
In order to clear any jobs
with errors remaining in
the printer
Receive data.
Send control code.
Begin
printing
without waiting for a
print command.
Send print data.
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Printing
Send print data.
Printing display
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
Perform READ.
Receive “Phase change:Printing state”.
Receive “Printing completed”.
Receive “Phase change:
“Waiting to receive”.
Finishing process for printing page
Send data for
Status (“Printing completed”)
Status (Phase change: “Waiting to receive”)
Printing of the 1st page is
actually not finished, but the
“Printing completed” status
and “Waiting to receive”
phase are sent.
Send control code/print data.
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Print 1st page.
Print 2nd page.
Send print data.
Status
(Error Occured)
Send print data.
Printing display
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
×
Error occurred
If an error occurs, all
data read from the
computer is cleared.
Perform READ.
Receive “Phase change:Printing state”.
Receive “Error Occured”
An error appears.
When restarted, data is resent
starting with the 2nd page so
that “Printing completed” for the
2nd page is received.
Reprint 2nd page.
Initialize
Resend process for data of
2nd page
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
27
6.4. Sequential Cooling Flow for USB Connection
Printer
Computer (host)
In order to clear any jobs
with errors remaining in
the printer
Send 200 bytes of Invalid command
The printer is initialized.
Initialize
The status of the Printer
(media, etc.) is checked
and a response is sent.
Status information request
Perform a READ.
Status (response status to status information request)
If there are no problems with
the Printer status (media, etc.),
the data is transmitted. If there
is a problem, an error appears.
Sending display
Receive data.
Send control code.
Begin printing without
waiting for a print
command.
Send print data.
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Printing
Send print data.
Send print data.
Send print data.
△
Status
(Notification:
“Cooling(start)”)
Send print data.
failed
Perform a READ.
Repeat reading of maximum
and transmission timeout
times. If the transmission
timeout is exceeded, perform
a read, and display the
cooling
status
if
a
high-temperature error is
returned.
Continue reading.
0 packets are returned
while cooling.
×
Return
cooling.
Cooling
from
“NAK”
0 packet
0 packet
0 packet
0 packet
Status (Notification:”Cooling(finish)”)
When cooling is finished,
“Notification: Cooling(finish)”
is returned.
Send print data.
Restart
Send print data.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
28
6.5. Flow for Setting Serial Connection Baud Rate
Printer
Computer (host)
Baud rate setting
3000 ms sleep Printer
recovery wait
Old baud rate
New baud rate
“Baud rate setting completed” status (normal status)
Status information request
Status (response status to status information request)
Checks status
(media, etc.) and
sends a response.
* The request/response at the new baud rate
are simply to verify that communications are
possible and may be omitted.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
29
6.6. Buffering Normal Flow for Serial/USB Connection
Printer
Computer (host)
Initialize
If there are no problems
with the Printer status,
the data is transmitted. If
there is a problem, an
error is displayed.
Sending display
Status information request
Initializes.
Checks status
(media, etc.) and
sends a response.
Status (response status to status information request)
Send control code.
Receives data.
Send print data.
Send print data.
Send print data.
Send print data.
Printing display
Receives “Phase change: Printing state”
Receives “Printing completed”
Receives “Phase change: Waiting to
receive”
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
Printing
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Status (Printing completed)
Status (Phase change: “Waiting to receive”)
Printing 1st page
End process for printing 1st
Printing 2nd page
Sending data for 2nd page
Send control code.
Send print data.
Send print data.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
30
6.7. Buffering Error Flow for Serial/USB Connection
Computer (host)
Initialize
Status information request
If there are no problems
with the Printer status, the
data is transmitted. If
there is a problem, an
error is displayed.
Sending
display
Initializes
Checks
status
(media, etc.) and
sends a response.
Status (response status to status information request)
or
an error is displayed
Send control code.
Receives data.
Send print data.
Printing display
Receives “Phase change: printing”
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
Printing
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Status (Error Occurred)
Perform error
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
31
6.8. Buffering Cooling Flow for Serial/USB Connection
Computer (host)
Printer
Initialize
If there are no
problems with the
Printer status, the data
is transmitted. If there
is a problem, an error
is displayed.
Sending display
Status information request
Initializes.
Status
(response status
to status request)
Status (response status to status information request)
Send control code.
Receives data.
Send print data.
Printing display
Receives “Phase change:
Printing state”
Send a print command (print command with feeding (1A) for
the last page or print command (0C) for other pages).
Status
(Phase change :
“Printing state”)
Status(Notification: “Cooling(start)”)
* Cooling start/cancel can
be performed multiple
times during printing.
Printing
Status(Notification: “Cooling(finish)”)
Receives “Printing completed”
Status (Printing completed)
Receives “Phase change:
Waiting to receive”
Status (Phase change: “Waiting to receive”)
Cooling
Printing
End process for printing 1st
Printing 1st page
Sending data for 2nd page
Printing 2nd page
Send control code.
Send print data.
Send print data.
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
32
6.9. Buffering Normal Flow for Network (Standard TCP/IP / LPR port) Connection
※ When it prints 2 pages data.
Computer (host)
Printer
Send print data
Divide print data into
particular size, and
send it.
Send print data
Send print data
Send print data
Send print data
Send print data
Receives data
As one page data receives in
the printer buffer, start
printing.
End process for printing
Sending data for 2nd
Printing 1st page
Send print data
Printer buffer is full
BUSY
Send print data
BUSY
Send print data
BUSY
Send print data
BUSY
Send print data
Send print data
Send print data
Send print data
Send print data
At host side, as sending print
data has completed, the print
job data is erased.
The print job is treated to be
completion at printer side
As 2nd page data receives in
the printer buffer, start
printing.
Printing 2nd page
7.USB Specifications
USB specifications 1.1
Item
Description
Vendor ID
0x04F9
Product ID
QL-500 0x2015
QL-550 0x2016
QL-560 0x2027
QL-570 0x2028
QL-580N
0x2029
QL-650TD 0x201B
QL-700
0x2042 (for printer class)
0x2049 (for mass storage class)
QL-1050
0x2020
QL-1060N 0x202a
Class
Printer
Mass storage (QL-700 only)
Character string for
Character string descriptor: 0x01
manufacturer
0x0409:“Brother"
Character string for product
Character string descriptor: 0x02
0x0409: “QL-50”
0x0409: ”QL-55”
0x0409: “QL-560”
0x0409: “QL-570”
0x0409: “QL-580N”
0x0409: ”QL-650T”
0x0409: “QL-700”
0x0409: ”QL-105”
0x0409: “QL-1060N”
Character string for serial
Character string descriptor: 0x03
number
0x0409:“00000000"
Last nine digits of the unit’s serial number
(The serial number is written on the bottom of the product.)
Device speed
Full speed
Number of interfaces
1 (No alternate interfaces)
With the printer class
Power supply
Self-powered (As a printer class, Bus power is also set to
“ON”.)
Maximum packet size: 16 bytes
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
34
End point 1
In bulk (Sends the status from the unit to the computer.)
Maximum packet size: 16 bytes
End point 2
Out bulk (Sends print commands and data from the
computer to the unit.)
Maximum packet size: 64 bytes
With the mass storage class
(QL-700 only)
Power supply
Self-powered
End point 1
Out bulk (Sends print commands and data from the
computer to the unit.)
Maximum packet size: 64 bytes
End point 2
In bulk (Sends the status from the unit to the computer.)
Maximum packet size: 64 bytes
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
35
History of Changes
Change
Created/Modified
Number
Changed
Details of Change
Page
000
2004.07.20
Created version 1.0
001
2005.03.25
Created version 2.0 edition adding QL-650TD
002
2006.11.07
Created version 3.0 edition adding QL-1050
003
2008.09.01
Created version 4.0 edition adding QL-560
004
2008.12.25
Created version 5.0 edition adding QL-570/580N/1060N
005
2011.10.03
Created version 6.0 edition adding QL-700
Brother QL-500/550/560/570/580N/650TD/700/1050/1060N Command Reference
36
Download PDF

advertising