Uniden | PRO520XL | Technical information | Uniden PRO520XL Technical information

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PRO 520XL
Professional
Mobile CB Radio
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INTRODUCTION
Welcome to the world of Citizens Band
radio communications.Your Uniden
PRO 520XL is an advanced mobile
radio designed for use in the Citizens
Band Radio service. It will operate on
any of the 40 AM frequencies
authorized by the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC).
Your PRO 520XL features a
superheterodyne circuit with PHASE
LOCKED LOOP techniques to assure
precise frequency control. This radio
has been type accepted and certified
by the FCC.
WARNING
The Citizens Band (CB) Radio Service
is under the jurisdiction of the FCC.
Any adjustments or alterations which
would alter the performance of the
transceiver’s original FCC type
acceptance or would change the
frequency determining method, are
strictly prohibited.
Replacement or substitution of crystals,
transistors, IC’s, regulator diodes or
any other part of a unique nature, with
parts other than those recommended
by Uniden, may cause violation of the
technical regulations of Part 95 of the
FCC rules or violation of type
acceptance requirements of Part 2 of
the rules.
Elimination of Licensing
The FCC has ruled that CB Radio
Service operators are not required to
obtain an FCC license to operate the
CB equipment. The FCC also permits
CB station operation without station
identification.
Elimination of individual station
licenses results in no lessening of the
operating privileges or responsibilities
of CB users. An operator of an CB
radio station is still required to comply
with the Communications Act and with
the rules of CB Radio Service.
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INCLUDED IN YOUR PACKAGE
If any of these item are missing or damaged, immediately contact your place of
purchase or Uniden Customer Service at: (800) 554-3988, 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.,
Central Time, Monday through Friday.
CB Radio
Mounting Bracket
Microphone
Mounting Hardware
Antenna must be purchased separately.
Other Printed Material
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CONTROLS AN
1. PA Switch - Select the Public Address
mode when an external PA speaker is
connected. When the PA mode is
selected, the CB radio will be disabled.
Adjust the PA output level by rotating
the volume control.
2. ANL Switch - You can select the
Automatic Noise Limiter to help reduce
harsh background noise caused by a
variety of interference sources.
3. Instant CH 9 Switch - Use this switch
to override the main channel selector
and instantly tune to the emergency
channel 9. Switch back to return to
normal 40 channel operation.
4. TX LED - An LED lights to indicate
when the radio is transmitting.
5. S/RF Meter - This LED meter shows the
relative strength of the received signal
or the RF output.
6. Channel Indicator - Displays the
channel currently in use.
7. Channel Selector - This switch selects
the desired channel for transmission and
reception. All channels, except channel
9, may be used for communications
between stations operating under
different license. Channel 9 has been
reserved by the FCC for emergency
communications involving the
immediate safety of individuals or the
immediate protection of property.
Channel 9 also may be used to
render assistance to a motorist. This
is a FCC rule and applies to all
operators of CB radios.
8. RF Gain - This control is used to adjust
the signal reception in areas where
strong signals are present. Turn the
control clockwise for maximum
reception.
9. Squelch - The squelch control is
used to eliminate background noise
during the absence of a transmission.
Turn the control fully counterclockwise,
then slowly rotate it back clockwise until
the noise disappears. At this setting any
transmission must be slightly stronger
than the background noise to “Break
Squelch” or to be heard. Further
clockwise rotation will increase the
threshold at which a signal will be
heard. You can select any level to
“Break Squelch.”
10. Volume Control - Rotate clockwise to
turn the radio on and to increase
the volume.
11. Microphone Jack- The operational
mode of the CB is controlled by the
push-to-talk switch on the microphone.
Press the switch to activate the
transmitter and disable the receiver.
Release the switch to enable the
receiver and disable the transmitter.
When transmitting, hold the microphone
about 2 inches from your mouth and
speak clearly in a normal voice. The
microphone included with the
PRO 520XL is detachable electret type.
Antenna Connector - This female
connector permits connection of the transmission line cable male connector (PL-259)
to the transceiver.
Public Address - An external 8 ohm 7-watt
speaker must be connected to the “PA SP”
jack located on the back of the unit. The
speaker must be directed away from the
mic to prevent feedback.
External Speaker - The external speaker
jack is used for remote receiver monitoring.
The external speaker should have an 8
ohm impedance and be rated at least 7
watts. When an external speaker is
connected, the internal speaker is disabled.
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ND FUNCTIONS
FRONT VIEW
BACK VIEW
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INSTALLATION
Plan the location of the radio and microphone
bracket before starting installation. Select a
location that is convenient for operation and does
not interfere with the driver or passenger in the
vehicle. The radio should be securely fastened to
a solid surface using the mounting bracket and
self-tapping screws which are provided.
Mobile Antenna
Connecting the Power Cord
With regard to the connection of the power cords,
it may be possible or desirable to connect the red
lead (for negative ground systems) or the black
lead (for positive ground systems) to the ignition
switch accessory terminal so that the radio is
automatically turned off when the ignition switch
(key) is turned off.
Since the maximum allowable power output of
the transceiver is limited by the FCC, the antenna
is a very important factor affecting the
transmission distance. It is for this reason that we
strongly recommend that you install only a quality
antenna in your new CB radio system. You have
purchased a superior quality transceiver. Don’t
diminish its performance by installing an
inferior antenna.
Alternately, the power lead may be connected to
an available terminal on the fuse block or even to
a point in the wiring harness. Care must be
taken, however, to guard against a short circuit
condition. When in doubt, please contact your
vehicle dealer for specific information about
your vehicle.
Only a properly matched antenna system will
allow maximum power transfer from the 50-ohm
transmission line to the radiating element. We
recommend that you use an SWR meter when
installing your antenna. Set your PRO 520XL to
channel 20 and make your adjustments to the
antenna until the meter reads as close to 1 as
possible. Your Uniden dealer is qualified to assist
you in the selection of the proper antenna to
meet your application requirements.
Most newer U.S. and foreign made cars and
small trucks use a negative ground system, while
some older cars and some newer larger trucks
may use a positive ground system. A negative
ground system is generally identified by the “-”
battery terminal being connected to the vehicle
motor block, but if you cannot determine the
polarity of your vehicle, consult your vehicle
dealer for information.
For automobile installation, the whip antenna
may be used with good effect. The most efficient
and practical installation is a full quarter wave
whip antenna mounted on the rear deck or
fender top, midway between the rear window
and bumper.
A short “loaded” whip antenna maybe more
convenient to install on your automobile, although
the efficiency is less than a full quarter wave
whip antenna.
For marine installation, consult your dealer for
information regarding an adequate grounding
system and prevention of electrolysis between
fittings on the hull and water.
Ground Information
NOTE: This radio may be installed and used in
any 12-volt DC negative or positive ground
system.
Negative Ground System
If you are operating on a negative ground
system, connect the red DC power cord from the
radio to the positive “+” battery terminal or other
convenient point and connect the black power
lead to the chassis or vehicle frame, or the “ -”
terminal of the battery.
Positive Ground System
If you are operating on a positive ground system,
connect the black DC power cord from the radio
to the “-” battery terminal or other convenient
point and connect the red power lead to the
chassis or vehicle frame, or the positive “+”
terminal of the battery.
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OPERATION
Operating Procedure to Receive
1. Be sure that the power source,
antenna and microphone are
properly connected.
2. Turn the unit on by rotating the
volume control clockwise.
3. Set the channel selector switch to
the desired channel.
4. Set the volume control to a
comfortable listening level.
5. Listen to the background noise from
the speaker. Turn the squelch
control clockwise until the noise
disappears (no signal should be
present). Leave the control at this
setting. The squelch is now properly
set. The receiver will remain quiet
until a signal is actually received. Do
not advance the control too far, or
some weaker signals will not
be heard.
Operating Procedure to Transmit
1. Be sure the operator has read and
understands part 95, FCC rules and
regulations prior to operating
the transmitter.
2. Select the desired channel for
transmission.
3. If the channel is clear, depress the
push-to-talk switch on the side of
the microphone and speak in a
normal voice.
CAUTION: The transceiver Voltage
Standing Wave Ratio (VSWR)
measurement must be performed prior
to the use of the transmitter. A VSWR
in excess of 2:1 may damage the
transmitter. Please check your SWR
reading frequently by using an
SWR meter.
Preventative Maintenance
At six to twelve month intervals,
the following system checks should
be made:
1. Check the Voltage Standing Wave
Ratio (VSWR).
2. Inspect all electrical connections.
3. Inspect antenna coaxial cable
for wear.
4. Inspect all screws and other
mounting hardware.
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TROUBLESHOOTING
If your PRO 520XL is not performing to
your expectations, please try these
simple steps. If you still cannot get
satisfactory results after reading this
manual and following the
troubleshooting steps, please call the
Uniden Customer Service Center at:
1-800-297-1023 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Central Time, Monday through Friday.
If you determine that service is
necessary, contact your local dealer or
pack the unit in its original carton and
send it along with a brief concise
description of the problem, your name,
address, phone number, and a copy of
the original purchase receipt to the
address listed in the warranty.
TROUBLE
CHECK
Unit will not turn on.
No power.
1. Check power cord and all connections.
2. Check power cord fuse.
3. Check vehicle electrical system.
Poor reception
1. Check and adjust squelch.
2. Check antenna system, cable and connectors.
3. Check operation mode of the radio.
Weak transmission
1. Check antenna system, cable and connectors.
2. Check antenna grounding.
3. Check for corrosion on connectors.
Servicing Your CB
Technical information, diagrams and
charts will be provided upon request. It
is the user’s responsibility to see that
this radio is operating at all times in
accordance with the FCC Citizens
Radio Service regulations. We highly
recommend that you consult a qualified
radiotelephone technician for service
and alignment of this radio. When
ordering parts, it is important to specify
the correct model number of this radio.
Please refer to the warning information
on the first page of this manual.
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SPECIFICATIONS
Channels:
Frequency Range:
Frequency Control:
Frequency Tolerance:
Operating Temperature:
Microphone:
Input Voltage:
Current Drain:
Size:
Weight:
Antenna Connector:
LED Meter:
40 AM
26.965 to 27.405 MHz
Phase Locked Loop (PLL) synthesizer
±0.005%
-30ºC to +50ºC
Plug in type: dynamic
13.8 V DC nom. (+ or - ground)
TX: full mod., 1.7A
RX: with max. audio output, 1.7A
4-1/2” W x 6-3/4” D x 1-3/8” H
1 lb. 10 oz.
UHF, SO-239
Indicates relative RF output and received
signal strength
TRANSMITTER
Power Output:
Modulation:
Freq. Response:
Output Impedance:
4 Watts
Class B amplitude modulation
300-2500 Hz
50 ohms, unbalanced
RECEIVER
Sensitivity:
Selectivity:
Image Rejection:
I.F. Frequency:
RF Gain Control:
Automatic Gain Control:
Squelch:
Audio Output Power:
Freq. Response:
Distortion:
Internal Speaker:
External Speaker:
PA System:
0.5µV for 10 dB; (S + N) /N typical (limit: 1.0µV)
6 dB @ 7kHz, 70 dB @ 10kHz typical
80 dB typical
Double Conversion Superheterodyne
1st 10.692 MHz
2nd 450 kHz
Adjustable for optimum reception
(AGC): less than 10dB change in audio output for
inputs from 10 to 50,000 microvolts
Adjustable; threshold less than1µV
7 watts max. into 8 ohms
300 to 2000 Hz
less than 10% at 4 watts, 1000Hz
16 ohms, 3 watts round
(not supplied) 8 ohms
7 watts in external 8 ohm speaker
Specifications and features are subject to change without notice.
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TWO YEAR WARRANTY
WARRANTOR: UNIDEN AMERICA
CORPORATION (“Uniden”)
WARRANTIES OF ANY NATURE
WHATSOEVER, WHETHER EXPRESS,
IMPLIED OR ARISING BY OPERATION
ELEMENTS OF WARRANTY: Uniden
OF LAW, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
warrants, for two years, to the original
LIMITED TO ANY IMPLIED
retail owner, this Uniden Product to be
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
free from defects in materials and
craftsmanship with only the limitations or OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THIS WARRANTY DOES
exclusions set out below.
NOT COVER OR PROVIDE FOR THE
WARRANTY DURATION: This warranty
REIMBURSEMENT OR PAYMENT OF
to the original user shall terminate and be INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
of no further effect 24 months after the
DAMAGES. Some states do not allow this
date of original retail sale. The warranty
exclusion or limitation of incidental or
is invalid if the Product is (A) damaged
consequential damages so the above
or not maintained as reasonable or
limitation or exclusion may not apply
necessary, (B) modified, altered, or used to you.
as part of any conversion kits,
subassemblies, or any configurations not LEGAL REMEDIES: This warranty gives
you specific legal rights, and you may
sold by Uniden, (C) improperly installed,
also have other rights which vary from
(D) serviced or repaired by someone
state to state. This warranty is void
other than an authorized Uniden service
center for a defect or malfunction covered outside the United States of America.
by this warranty, (E) used in any
PROCEDURE FOR OBTAINING
conjunction with equipment or parts or as PERFORMANCE OF WARRANTY:
part of any system not manufactured by
If, after following the instructions in the
Uniden, or (F) installed or programmed
owner’s manual you are certain that the
by anyone other than as detailed by the
Product is defective, pack the Product
owner’s manual for this product.
carefully (preferably in its original
packaging). The Product should include
STATEMENT OF REMEDY: In the event
that the product does not conform to this all parts and accessories originally
packaged with the Product. Include
warranty at any time while this warranty
evidence of original purchase and a note
is in effect, warrantor will either, at its
option, repair or replace the defective unit describing the defect that has caused you
to return it. The product should be
and return it to you without charge for
shipped freight prepaid, by traceable
parts, service, or any other cost (except
means, to warrantor at:
shipping and handling) incurred by
warrantor or its representatives in
connection with the performance of this
warranty. Warrantor, at its option, may
replace the unit with a new or refurbished
unit. THE LIMITED WARRANTY SET
FORTH ABOVE IS THE SOLE AND
ENTIRE WARRANTY PERTAINING TO
THE PRODUCT AND IS IN LIEU OF
AND EXCLUDES ALL OTHER
Uniden America Corporation
Parts and Service Division
4700 Amon Carter Blvd
Fort Worth, TX 76155
(800) 554-3988,
8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., Central Time,
Monday through Friday
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PRO 520XL PRODUCT REGISTRATION CARD X
Thank you for choosing a Uniden Personal Communications product. You have chosen one of the most
sophisticated, technologically advanced electronic products available. Please fill out the requested
information on this card so that we can better understand our customers and their needs. With this
information we plan new products, advertising, and guide our customer service programs. Thanks for
your help.
1. o Mr.
5. First Name
2. o Mrs.
3. o Ms.
6. Initial
4. o Miss
7. Last Name
8. Street
10. City
9. Apt. No.
11. State
12. Zip
13. Date of purchase: _______________________
14. Serial No. _______________________
15. Is this the first CB Radio you have purchased
or received as a gift?
16. If NO, please specify brand and model
number purchased.
A. ___________________________
B. ___________________________
C. ___________________________
CUT
17. Where did you purchase the product?
o Department Store
o Discount Store
o Catalog Showroom
o Electronics Specialty Store
o Internet
o Mail Order
o Gift
o Truck Stop
18. How did you become aware of this product?
o TV Advertisement
o Magazine Advertisement
o Newspaper Advertisement
o Store Display
o Friend’s Recommendation
o Salesperson’s Recommendation
o Previous Use
19. Please check two of the factors that most
influenced your purchase of this product.
o Style or Appearance
o Price
o Uniden Reputation
o Warranty
o Previous Use
o Features
o Quality
20. Please check your age category
o Under 20
o 20-25
o 26-30
o 31-35
o 36-40
o 41-45
o 46-50
o 51-55
o 56-60
o 61-65
o 66 & over
21. Occupation
o Homemaker
o Teacher/Educator
o Professional Driver
o Executive/Administrator
o Civil Servant
o Sales/Marketing
o Clerical
o Farmer/Agriculture
o Military
o Technical/Professional
o Business/Professional
o Craftsman
o Machine Operator/Laborer
o Retired
o Student
22. Please check your approximate family income.
o Under $10,000
o $10,000 - 19,999
o $20,000 - 29,999
o $30,000 - 39,999
o $40,000 - 49,999
o $50,000 - 59,999
o $60,000 & Over
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PLACE
FIRST CLASS
STAMP
HERE
PO BOX 8283
Denver, CO 80201-8283
ATTN: PC MARKET RESEARCH DEPARTMENT
Please do not send any products or service related correspondence to this address.
Please fold here
Thank you for taking the time to complete this questionnaire. If you have any other comments or suggestions please write to:
Uniden America Corporation
Product Development Dept.
4700 Amon Carter Boulevard
Fort Worth, TX 76155
UTZZ01363ZZ
©1999 Uniden America Corporation
INSTRUCTIONS: Fill out both sides of card, Cut out on dashed line.
Fold on dotted line. Fold over flap and seal with glue or paste.
Affix postage and mail.
Printed in the Philippines
Please fold here
CUT
23. What type of credit cards do you use?
21. What magazine(s) do you read?
o American Express, Diners Club, Carte Blanche
o Road & Track
o Bank Card (Master Card, Visa, etc.)
o Car & Driver
o Gasoline Card. Name____________
o Motor Trend
o Department Store Cards
o Auto Week
o None of the above
o Road Star
o Road King
24. What type of car(s) do you drive?
o Trucker News
o Compact
o Sports Illustrated
o Mid Size
o People
o Sports
o Time
o Full Size
o Newsweek
o Station Wagon
o Popular Science
o Van
o Popular Mechanics
o Recreation Vehicle
o Consumer Reports
o Specialty
o Motor Cycle
o Pick Up
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