ADTRAN Tracer TRACER 2 x E1 User guide

User Guide
AXS-200/805/855
Multi Protocol Test Set
Copyright © 2009–2010 EXFO Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted
in any form, be it electronically, mechanically, or by any other means such
as photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written
permission of EXFO Inc. (EXFO).
Information provided by EXFO is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed by EXFO for its use nor for any
infringements of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from
its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent
rights of EXFO.
EXFO’s Commerce And Government Entities (CAGE) code under the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is 0L8C3.
The information contained in this publication is subject to change without
notice.
Trademarks
EXFO’s trademarks have been identified as such. However, the presence
or absence of such identification does not affect the legal status of any
trademark.
Units of Measurement
Units of measurement in this publication conform to SI standards and
practices.
March 31, 2010
Version number: 2.0.0
ii
AXS-200/805/855
Certification Information
Certification Information
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and
Industry Canada (IC) Information
Electronic test and measurement equipment is exempt from FCC Part 15
compliance in the United States and from IC ICES 003 compliance in
Canada. However, EXFO Inc. (EXFO) makes reasonable efforts to ensure
compliance to the applicable standards.
The limits set by these standards are designed to provide reasonable
protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in
a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the user guide, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely
to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to
correct the interference at his own expense.
European Union (CE) Information
Electronic test and measurement equipment is subject to the EMC
Directive in the European Union. The EN61326 standard prescribes both
emission and immunity requirements for laboratory, measurement, and
control equipment. This unit has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class A digital device. Please refer to the CE Declaration of
Conformity on page v.
Note: If the equipment described herein bears the CE symbol, the said equipment
complies with the applicable European Union Directive and Standards
mentioned in the Declaration of Conformity.
Multi Protocol Test Set
iii
Certification Information
Laser
Class 1 laser product.
This product complies with 21 CFR 1040.10 except for deviations pursuant
to Laser Notice No. 50, dated July 26, 2001 and with IEC 60825-1:2001 and
EN 60825-1:1994 +A11:1996 +A2:2001 +A1:2002.
iv
AXS-200/805/855
Certification Information
CE Declaration of Conformity
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Application of Council Directives:
Manufacturer’s Name:
Manufacturer’s Address:
Equipment Type/Environment:
Trade Name/Model No.:
2006/95/EC - The Low Voltage Directive
2004/108/EC - The EMC Directive
2006/66/EC - The Battery Directive
93/68/EEC - CE Marking
and their amendments
EXFO Inc.
400 Godin Avenue
Quebec, Quebec
Canada, G1M 2K2
Test & Measurement / Industrial
Multilayer Access Test Set / AXS-200/805/855
Standard(s) to which Conformity is Declared:
EN 61010-1:2001 Edition 2.0
Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement,
Control, and Laboratory Use – Part 1: General Requirements.
EN 61326-1:2006
Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory
Use - EMC Requirements
EN 60825-1:2007 Edition 2.0
Safety of laser products – Part 1: Equipment classification and
requirements
EN 55022: 2006 + A1: 2007
Information technology equipment — Radio disturbance
characteristics — Limits and methods of measurement
I, the undersigned, hereby declare that the equipment specified above conforms to the above Directives and Standards.
Manufacturer
Signature:
Full Name:
Stephen Bull, E. Eng
Position:
Vice-President Research and
Development
Address:
400 Godin Avenue, Quebec (Quebec),
Canada, G1M 2K2
June 17, 2009
Date:
Multi Protocol Test Set
v
Contents
Contents
Certification Information ....................................................................................................... iii
1 Introducing the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set ......................... 1
DS1/DS3 Key Features .............................................................................................................2
E1 Key Features .......................................................................................................................2
ISDN Key Features ...................................................................................................................2
Ethernet Key Features .............................................................................................................3
Models ....................................................................................................................................4
PRI Hardware Option ..............................................................................................................5
Software Options ....................................................................................................................5
Optical Transceivers (SFP) ........................................................................................................6
Conventions ............................................................................................................................7
2 Safety Information ....................................................................................... 9
Laser Safety Warnings .............................................................................................................9
Installation Instructions Warnings ........................................................................................10
3 Getting Started .......................................................................................... 13
Power Sources ......................................................................................................................13
Turning the Unit On ..............................................................................................................13
4 Signal Connection and LEDs ...................................................................... 15
AXS-200/855 Model ..............................................................................................................15
AXS-200/805 Model ..............................................................................................................15
Electrical 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Port ...........................................................................16
Optical 100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Port ..................................................................................17
Talk-Set Port ..........................................................................................................................18
PRI - DUAL DS1/E1 Port .........................................................................................................19
DS3 Port ...............................................................................................................................20
AXS-200/855 LEDs ................................................................................................................21
5 Using the Smart User Interface ................................................................. 23
Keypad ..................................................................................................................................23
Home Menu ..........................................................................................................................24
Page Elements ......................................................................................................................36
Multi Protocol Test Set
vii
Contents
6 Configuring and Starting an Ethernet Test or Tool ...................................39
Configuring an Asymmetric RFC 2544 Test ...........................................................................39
Configuring a BERT Test ........................................................................................................40
Configuring a Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test .............................................................41
Configuring a Smart Loopback Test ......................................................................................43
Configuring a Ping Tool ........................................................................................................43
Configuring a Trace Route Tool .............................................................................................44
Configuring Cable Test Tool ..................................................................................................44
7 Ethernet Test Setup ....................................................................................45
Interface ...............................................................................................................................45
Port .......................................................................................................................................46
Network ................................................................................................................................49
Default Gateway ...................................................................................................................54
VLAN ....................................................................................................................................56
SFP ........................................................................................................................................57
Remote Selection ..................................................................................................................58
Module .................................................................................................................................64
Save & Load Config ..............................................................................................................65
8 Ethernet RFC 2544 Test ...............................................................................69
Global Configuration ............................................................................................................70
Stream Configuration ...........................................................................................................74
Throughput Configuration ....................................................................................................78
Back-to-Back Configuration ..................................................................................................81
Frame Loss Configuration .....................................................................................................83
Latency Configuration ..........................................................................................................85
Summary Results ..................................................................................................................87
Throughput Results ..............................................................................................................94
Back-to-Back Results .............................................................................................................96
Frame Loss Results ................................................................................................................98
Latency Results ...................................................................................................................100
Graph .................................................................................................................................102
Alarms/Errors ......................................................................................................................103
9 Ethernet BERT Test ....................................................................................107
Global Configuration ..........................................................................................................109
Stream Configuration .........................................................................................................113
Summary Results ................................................................................................................117
Detailed Results ..................................................................................................................120
Service Disruption Results ...................................................................................................121
Alarms/Errors ......................................................................................................................123
Logger ................................................................................................................................126
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AXS-200/805/855
Contents
10 Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test ...................................... 131
Global Configuration ..........................................................................................................133
Shaping Configuration .......................................................................................................136
Stream Configuration .........................................................................................................138
Sequence Configuration .....................................................................................................142
Jitter/Latency Configuration ................................................................................................144
Transmit Configuration .......................................................................................................148
Stream Configuration .........................................................................................................150
Network Configuration .......................................................................................................155
Default Gateway ........................................................................................................... 159
VLAN Configuration ............................................................................................................161
Summary Results ................................................................................................................162
Throughput Results ............................................................................................................168
Sequence Results ................................................................................................................170
Jitter/Latency Results ...........................................................................................................174
Alarms/Errors Results ..........................................................................................................176
Frame Count Results ...........................................................................................................179
Frame Size Results ..............................................................................................................180
Flow Control Results ...........................................................................................................182
Logger ................................................................................................................................183
11 Ethernet Smart Loopback Test ................................................................ 189
Statistics .............................................................................................................................189
12 Ethernet Tools .......................................................................................... 191
Ping Configuration .............................................................................................................192
Ping Results ........................................................................................................................194
Ping Statistics .....................................................................................................................197
Trace Route Configuration ..................................................................................................198
Trace Route Results .............................................................................................................199
Cable Test Configuration .....................................................................................................202
Cable Test Results - Summary ..............................................................................................205
Cable Test Results - Wire Map .............................................................................................207
Cable Test Results - Delay/Length ........................................................................................211
13 T1-A and T1-B Tests ................................................................................... 213
Setup Configuration ...........................................................................................................213
Facility Results .....................................................................................................................216
Signaling Results .................................................................................................................220
Freq. Analyzer Results .........................................................................................................221
T1-A/T1-B Loopbacks ..........................................................................................................222
Multi Protocol Test Set
ix
Contents
14 PRI-ISDN Test .............................................................................................225
Setup Configuration ...........................................................................................................225
Facility Results ....................................................................................................................227
Making a Call (DIAL) ...........................................................................................................229
Receiving a Call (Answer) ....................................................................................................230
Terminating a Call (HangUp) ...............................................................................................231
15 E1-A and E1-B Tests ...................................................................................233
Setup Configuration ...........................................................................................................233
Facility Results ....................................................................................................................236
Signaling Results .................................................................................................................240
Freq. Analyzer Results .........................................................................................................241
E1-A/E1-B Loopbacks ..........................................................................................................242
16 DS3 Test .....................................................................................................243
Setup Configuration ...........................................................................................................243
Facility Results ....................................................................................................................246
T1 Drop/Insert Results .........................................................................................................251
DS3 Loopbacks ...................................................................................................................252
17 DSn/PDH User Preference ..........................................................................255
18 Report ........................................................................................................257
Report Configuration ..........................................................................................................257
Report File ..........................................................................................................................259
19 System .......................................................................................................261
File Manager .......................................................................................................................262
VNC ....................................................................................................................................264
Module Information ...........................................................................................................268
20 Maintenance ..............................................................................................269
Recalibrating the Unit .........................................................................................................270
Recycling and Disposal (Applies to European Union Only) ..................................................271
21 Warranty ....................................................................................................273
General Information .........................................................................................................273
Liability ...............................................................................................................................274
Exclusions ...........................................................................................................................275
Certification ........................................................................................................................275
Service and Repairs .............................................................................................................276
EXFO Service Centers Worldwide ........................................................................................277
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AXS-200/805/855
Contents
22 Troubleshooting ....................................................................................... 279
Solving Common Problems .................................................................................................279
Contacting the Technical Support Group ............................................................................280
Transportation ....................................................................................................................281
A Specifications ........................................................................................... 283
DSn/PDH Specifications .......................................................................................................284
Ethernet Specifications .......................................................................................................285
General Specifications ........................................................................................................285
B Glossary .................................................................................................... 289
Acronym List .......................................................................................................................289
VLAN ..................................................................................................................................296
Index .............................................................................................................. 297
Multi Protocol Test Set
xi
1
Introducing the
AXS-200/805/855 Multi
Protocol Test Set
The AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set is an all-in-one handheld
solution for dual E1/DS1, DS3, ISDN PRI and Ethernet testing.
Whether for mobile backhaul, TDM/ISDN or Ethernet commercial services
testing, the AXS-200/855 streamlines processes and seamlessly transitions
from E1/DS1, DS3 or PRI circuits, to a full suite of Ethernet performance test
functionalities without swapping modules or test units—using a single
preloaded software package.
³
Compact, lightweight platform purpose-built for harsh field
environments
³
Eliminates errors in data interpretation with radically simple, intuitive
interface
³
Validates test results with real-time insertion of voice traffic using
talk-set capability
³
Allows generating and viewing reports for all the tests
³
Increases technician efficiency by allowing to run up to three tests
simultaneously
³
Turnkey Ethernet testing, including Simultaneous Bi-Directional RFC
2544, and multistream traffic generation
³
BERT and intelligent autodiscovery for end-to-end single-technician
testing
Multi Protocol Test Set
1
Introducing the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
DS1/DS3 Key Features
DS1/DS3 Key Features
Dual independent DS1 tests
Alarm/error insertion and detection
Performance monitoring
Performance testing at any fractional T1 rate; both contiguous
and non-contiguous n x 64 kbit/s are supported
VF analysis measures different tone levels
Round-trip delay (RTD) measurements
Support for automatic pattern detection and 12 different
stress patterns
DS1 inband and FDL loopbacks
HDSL PairGain and Adtran loopbacks
Smart and intelligent repeater loopback sequences
RBS monitoring
CSU/NIU emulation
Terminate, Monitor and Through mode
Excessive zeros Tx and Rx
DS1 drop
FEAC control
E1 Key Features
Dual independent E1 tests
Alarm/error insertion and detection
Performance monitoring
Performance testing at any fractional E1 rate; both contiguous
and non-contiguous n x 64 kbit/s are supported
VF analysis measures different tone levels
Round-trip delay (RTD) measurements
Support for automatic pattern detection and 12 stress patterns
CAS monitoring
Simultaneous signaling state status of all 30 channels
Terminate and Monitor mode
Excessive zeros Tx and Rx
ISDN Key Features
Make a call in either voice, raw data or 3.1 kHz audio
Terminate one or all calls
Auto routing of data calls to BERT test
Talk set support allows users to use a butt set to talk
on an active call
Caller identification gives the call type, selected B channel,
dialed number and caller’s number
2
Q.931 decoding shows how calls are established,
maintained and terminated across the ISDN network
Call/answer and hold all 23 or 30 channels for seamless
testing
NT (CO) and TE (PBX) emulation to isolate the network
or CPE side
AXS-200/805/855
Introducing the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
Ethernet Key Features
Ethernet Key Features
y
Traffic generation and monitoring
Multistream background traffic
Cable testing
Bit-error-rate testing (BERT)
Bidirectional RFC 2544
VLAN with Q-in-Q
Intelligent autodiscovery
Smart Loopback
Optical power measurement
Interoperability with Packet
Blazer and Power Blazer units
Service disruption time (SDT)
measurement
IPv6
Event logger
Multi Protocol Test Set
Allows full-line-rate bidirectional end-to-end testing for complete network performance evaluation.
Used in conjunction with traffic generation, background traffic fully proves that the providers’ network can
truly offer end-to-end quality of service (QoS).
Allows for cable troubleshooting before committing to long-term testing phases, saving you time and money.
Performs BERT up to layer 4; offers a wide range of standard and customizable patterns.
Offers Dual Test Set configuration to perform end-to-end, bidirectional RFC 2544 performance testing
such as throughput, back to back and frame loss; latency results are returned via a round trip method.
Encapsulates up to two VLAN layers for all tests including the modification of VLAN ID, priority, type
and drop eligibility.
Finds multiple remote AXS-200/850 units and loops them up or down for loopback testing; offers the
ability to discover and connect to any of EXFO’s datacom testing solutions.
Loopbacks incoming test traffic up to layer 4.
Provides optical power readings during all testing phases.
Interoperates with EXFO’s Packet Blazer Ethernet and Power Blazer test module series—the FTB-8510,
FTB-8510B, FTB-8510G, FTB-8120NGE, FTB-8130NGE, FTB-8525, FTB-8535, RTU-310 and RTU-310G.
Measures the downtime of a network triggered by a non-traffic period that could be caused by
impairments or protection switching.
Includes BERT, RFC 2544, traffic generation and monitoring, background streams, Smart Loopback,
remote loopback, ping and traceroute.
Allows users to track all current or historical events during test phases; events are color coded and
embedded with a pass/fail analysis during and after testing.
3
Introducing the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
Models
Models
Twelve models are available and are described as follows
Model
Description
AXS-855-1-DS1-DS3 Dual-DS1, and DS3 interfaces.
10/100/1000 Mbps electrical and 1000 Mbps optical Ethernet
interfaces.
AXS-855-DS1-DS3
Dual-DS1, and DS3 interfaces.
10/100 Mbps electrical Ethernet interface.
AXS-855-1-DS1
Dual-DS1 interfaces.
10/100/1000 Mbps electrical and 1000 Mbps optical Ethernet
interfaces.
AXS-855-DS1
Dual-DS1 interfaces.
10/100 Mbps electrical Ethernet interface.
AXS-855-1-E1-DS3
Dual-E1, and DS3 interfaces.
10/100/1000 Mbps electrical and 1000 Mbps optical Ethernet
interfaces.
AXS-855-E1-DS3
Dual-E1, and DS3 interfaces.
10/100 Mbps electrical Ethernet interface.
AXS-855-1-E1
Dual-E1 interfaces.
10/100/1000 Mbps electrical and 1000 Mbps optical Ethernet
interfaces.
AXS-855-E1
Dual-E1 interfaces.
10/100 Mbps electrical Ethernet interface.
AXS-805-DS1-DS3
Dual-DS1, and DS3 interfaces.
AXS-805-DS1
Dual-DS1 interfaces.
AXS-805-E1-DS3
Dual-E1, and DS3 interfaces.
AXS-805-E1
Dual-E1 interfaces.
4
AXS-200/805/855
Introducing the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
PRI Hardware Option
PRI Hardware Option
The PRI hardware option is available for all AXS-805 and 855 models, but
must be ordered beforehand from the factory.
Option
PRI
Description
Enable support for PRI ISDN interface.
Software Options
Software keys are available to enable additional services. For information
on how to install and activate software options, refer to the AXS-200 User
Guide.
Options
Description
100optical Enable support for 100 Mbps optical interface.
The displayed name on the Software Options tab is 100M-O-AP.
GigE
Enable support for 1000Base-T and GigE optical interface.
The displayed name on the Software Options tab is 1000M-E and 1000M-O.
Cable_Test Enable support for Ethernet electrical cable test.
The displayed name on the Software Option tab is Cable_Test.
Traffic_Gen Enable Traffic Generation & Monitoring test. The displayed name on the
Software Option tab is Traffic_Gen.
Multiple_
Streams
Enable support for Background Streams Configuration and Monitoring of
the Traffic Generation & Monitoring test. The Background Streams option
can only be activated once the Traffic_Gen software option is activated.
The displayed name on the Software Option tab is Multiple_ Streams.
IPV6
Enable support for IPV6 testing. The IP version can only be configurable
once the IPV6 software option is activated. The displayed name on the
Software Option tab is IPV6.
Multi Protocol Test Set
5
Introducing the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
Optical Transceivers (SFP)
Optical Transceivers (SFP)
The following table lists the compatible SFPs that can be ordered through
EXFO.
EXFO Part
Number
6
Description
FTB-85911
100Base-LX10, 1310 nm, 15 Km
FTB-85910
100Base-FX, 1310 nm, 2 Km
FTB-8592
1000Base-ZX, 1550 nm, 80 Km
FTB-8591
1000Base-LX, 1310 nm, 10 Km
FTB-8590
1000Base-SX, 850 nm, 550 m
FTB-8597
1000Base-BX10-U, Bi-directional 1310 nm TX, 1490 nm RX,
10 Km
FTB-8596
1000Base-BX10-D, Bi-directional 1490 nm TX, 1310 nm RX,
10 Km
AXS-200/805/855
Introducing the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
Conventions
Conventions
Before using the product described in this manual, you should understand
the following conventions:
WARNING
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury. Do not proceed unless you
understand and meet the required conditions.
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
may result in minor or moderate injury. Do not proceed unless you
understand and meet the required conditions.
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
may result in component damage. Do not proceed unless you
understand and meet the required conditions.
IMPORTANT
Refers to information about this product you should not overlook.
Multi Protocol Test Set
7
2
Safety Information
Laser Safety Warnings
WARNING
Do not install or terminate fibers while a laser source is active.
Never look directly into a live fiber, and ensure that your eyes are
protected at all times.
WARNING
This product may employ a Class 1 SFP.
WARNING
When the LASER LED is on, the AXS-200/805/855 is
receiving/emitting an optical signal.
Multi Protocol Test Set
9
Safety Information
Installation Instructions Warnings
Installation Instructions Warnings
CAUTION
No user serviceable parts are contained inside. Contact the
manufacturer regarding service of this equipment.
IMPORTANT
All wiring and installation must be in accordance with local building
and electrical codes acceptable to the authorities in the countries
where the equipment is installed and used.
CAUTION
Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Sensitive Equipment:
To minimize the risk of damage, dissipate static electricity by
touching a grounded unpainted metal object
³
before connecting or disconnecting cables to/from the module.
³
before inserting or removing SFPs to/from the module.
CAUTION
Except for the PRI DUAL DS1/E1 port, all interfaces are intended for
intra-building use only.
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger
telecommunication line cord on the PRI DUAL DS1/E1 interface.
10
AXS-200/805/855
Safety Information
Installation Instructions Warnings
IMPORTANT
This unit does not meet the isolation requirements in Norway,
Sweden and Finland for direct connection to outside plant
interfaces.
Multi Protocol Test Set
11
3
Getting Started
Windows CE 6.0 is the baseline operating system software and is
pre-installed on the Sharp Tester. If the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test
Set is not already installed, refer to the Sharp Tester User Guide for more
information on how to install the module.
Power Sources
The unit operates with the following power sources:
³
AC adapter/charger (connected to standard power outlet—indoor use
only). Compatible car outlet adapter available upon request.
³
One Lithium-Ion rechargeable batteries (automatically take over if you
disconnect the AC adapter/charger). Battery recharge is automatic
when the AC adapter/charger is connected.
Turning the Unit On
Turn on the AXS-200 by pressing the
Guide for more information.
Multi Protocol Test Set
button. Refer to the AXS-200 User
13
4
Signal Connection and LEDs
This section describes all connectors (ports) and LEDs available on the
AXS-200/855 and AXS-200/850.
AXS-200/855 Model
10/100/1000 Mbps
electrical
100/1000 Mbps optical SFP with
Dual or Simplex LC connector
Talk-Set Port
DS3 Port
PRI or DUAL DS1/E1 Port
Note: An SFP can be replaced at any time. If an SFP is changed while the optical
interface is selected and active, the laser will remain on automatically. Use
caution when installing the SFP in case the laser is enabled.
AXS-200/805 Model
Talk-Set Port
DS3 Port
PRI or DUAL DS1/E1 Port
Multi Protocol Test Set
15
Signal Connection and LEDs
Electrical 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Port
Electrical 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Port
The AXS-200/855 module provides one RJ45 electrical port for 10Base-T,
100Base-TX, or 1000Base-T. This port may also be used for cable testing.
Note: Refer to section A for cable specifications.
³
Connect the 10/100/1000 electrical signal or the cable to be tested to
the port with the RJ-45 connector.
³
LEDs for the electrical port:
LED
16
Status
Description
LINK/ACT
On
Ethernet link up.
(Green)
Off
Ethernet link down.
Flashing
TX/RX activity.
DUPLEX
On
Full Duplex mode.
(Yellow)
Off
Half Duplex mode.
Flashing
Collisions are detected.
AXS-200/805/855
Signal Connection and LEDs
Optical 100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Port
Optical 100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Port
The AXS-855-1module provide respectively one optical port for
100Base-FX/1000Base-X Ethernet testing. The optical port is Small Form
Factor Pluggable (SFP) slot type (Dual or Simplex LC connector).
Insert one of the following SFP modules into the optical slot.
³
Rate
100Base-X
Description
1310 nm SFP module for 100Base-FX, MMF, 2 Km.
1310 nm SFP module for 100Base-LX10, SMF, 15 Km.
1000Base-X
850 nm SFP module for 1000Base-SX, 550 m.
1310 nm SFP module for 1000Base-LX, 10 Km.
1550 nm SFP module for 1000Base-ZX, 80 Km.
1000Base-BX
1310 nm TX, 1490 nm RX, SFP module for 1000Base-BX-U,
SMF, 10 Km.
1490 nm TX, 1310 nm RX, SFP module for 1000Base-BX-D,
SMF, 10 Km.
Note: Refer to Optical Transceivers (SFP) on page 6 for the list of supported SFPs
that can be ordered through EXFO.
³
Carefully connect optical fiber cables to the SFP’s IN and OUT ports. To
ensure good signal quality, make sure that the optical fiber connector is
fully inserted into the optical connector port.
Multi Protocol Test Set
17
Signal Connection and LEDs
Talk-Set Port
LEDs for Optical Port
LED
Status
Description
LASER
On
An optical signal is generated
(Red)
Off
No optical signal is generated
LINK/ACT
On
Ethernet link up.
(Green)
Off
Ethernet link down.
Flashing
TX/RX activity.
DUPLEX
On
Full Duplex mode.
(Yellow)
Off
Ethernet link down.
Talk-Set Port
The AXS-200/855 module provides one RJ11 connector, labeled TALK-SET,
that can be used to attach a buttset or telephone to talk and listen over an
ISDN PRI line.
Connect a buttset or a telephone to the TALK-SET port.
18
AXS-200/805/855
Signal Connection and LEDs
PRI - DUAL DS1/E1 Port
PRI - DUAL DS1/E1 Port
The AXS-200/855 module provides one RJ48 modular jack with EXFO
proprietary pin-out allowing ISDN PRI connection or dual
DS1/T1/E1connections (Port A and B). The port is labelled
PRI - DUAL DS1/E1.
ISDN PRI Connection
An EXFO proprietary RJ48 to RJ48 cable is supplied with every module
supporting the PRI hardware option.
Connect the ISDN PRI signal to be tested, using the supplied cable, to the
PRI - DUAL DS1/E1 port. Make sure to connect the cable RJ48 connector
identified TO AXS to the AXS-200/805/855 unit and the other end identified
TO DUT to the device under test.
Note: The EXFO proprietary RJ48 to quad Bantam or BNC cable supplied with the
unit can also be used for ISDN PRI testing using the port B (TX 2 and RX 2
labelling).
DUAL DS1/E1 Connection
An EXFO proprietary RJ48 to quad Bantam (TX and RX for both ports A and
B) cable is supplied with every module supporting DS1/T1 testing
capability.
An EXFO proprietary RJ48 to quad BNC (TX and RX for both ports A and B)
cable is supplied with every module supporting E1 testing capability.
Note: When using the EXFO proprietary RJ48 to quad BNC cable, consider that
the cable has an integrated 120 ohms to 75 ohms impedance converter.
This means that with the EXFO proprietary RJ48 to BNC cable, the Monitor
75 (ohm) and Term 75 (ohm) test modes should not be used.
Multi Protocol Test Set
19
Signal Connection and LEDs
DS3 Port
Note: Port A is identified on the cable with TX 1 and RX 1 labelling while port B is
identified with TX 2 and RX 2 labelling.
Connect the DS1/E1 signal(s) to be tested, using the supplied cable, to the
PRI - DUAL DS1/E1 port.
DS3 Port
The AXS-200/855 module provides two BNC connectors, labelled DS3 IN
and OUT, for DS3/45M testing capability.
Connect the DS3/45M signal to be tested to the IN and OUT DS3 port.
20
AXS-200/805/855
Signal Connection and LEDs
AXS-200/855 LEDs
AXS-200/855 LEDs
The AXS-200/855 displays 5 LEDs on the front.
The description of the LEDs for ETHERNET are as follows, this is not
currently supported for DSn/PDH:
LED
LASER
Status
On
Color
Red
Off
LINK
On
On
Green Ethernet link up
Ethernet link down
Green Test passed
Red
Off
ALARM
No test results
Green No alarms are present during test
On
Red
On
Amber At least 1 alarm was present during the test
(history)
At least 1 alarm is present during the test
(current)
No test result
Flashing Green Test is running
Off
Multi Protocol Test Set
Test failed
On
Off
TEST
An optical signal is generated
No optical signal is generated
Off
PASS/FAIL On
Description
Test is not running
21
5
Using the Smart User Interface
Keypad
Refer to the AXS-200 User Guide for more information on how to use the
keypad. The naming convention and purpose for each key is described in
the AXS-200 User Guide.
Power: Turns the unit on and off or puts it into suspend/resume mode.
Start/Stop: Starts and stops the test/tool, not currently available for DSn/PDH
tests.
Home: Brings the screen back to the Home menu.
Select: Selects the highlighted item on the screen. Also used to edit and to close a
field.
Back: Returns to the previous screen or menu. In edition mode, it cancels the
data-entry.
Help: Opens and closes the help for the current window, not currently available
for DSn/PDH tests.
Brightness: Controls lighting level of screen.
Function Keys: Located under the screen, the three function keys F1, F2, F3 are
F used to select the tabs on the screen positioned directly above each key (for
example, F1 is used to select the left-most tab).
Function Arrows: Displays the previous or next set of tabs.
Navigation Arrows: Used to navigate and highlight items within a window. The
up and down arrow keys can be used in edition mode to increase or decrease the
number value.
Alpha-numeric Keypad: Used to perform the following:
³ Enter numbers and letters onto the screen in the same manner as a phone
keypad (for example, for the letter “B”, press the number “2” button two
times).
³ Select menu items by pressing the corresponding numbers.
Multi Protocol Test Set
23
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
Upon start up, the Home menu is
displayed. Use the up and down
navigation arrows to navigate and
highlight menu items.
Note: To choose a menu item, press the
button or press the keypad number
corresponding to the number of the
item.
Press the
button to return to the Home menu from any screen.
ETHERNET: Allows
Bidirectional RFC 2544,
BERT, Traffic Generation
& Monitoring, Smart
Loopback, Remote
Loopback, and Tools tests
such as Ping, Trace Route,
Cable Test, and Report.
System: Allows file management,
system settings, software options
management, software installation
and display of system information.
24
DSn/PDH: Allows
T1-A, T1-B,
PRI-ISDN, DS3,
E1-A, and E1-B
tests.
Report: Allows configuring
and viewing test reports.
AXS-200/805/855
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
The Home menu offers the following content:
Home Menu
1.ETHERNET
Sub Menu
a
1. Setup : Allows
configuration of the
test interface,
module, and
remote loopback.
Tabs/Pages
a
1. Interface :
Displays tabs used
to set up the
interface before
starting a test case.
Options
Port
b
Network
VLAN
SFP
2. Remote: Displays Manual Selection
tabs used to
Discovery
configure remote
loopback and
discovery.
3. Module: Displays
the page to
configure the
module settings.
4. Save & Load
Config: Displays
the page to save the
test settings and
load them
whenever required.
Multi Protocol Test Set
25
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
Sub Menu
Tabs/Pages
2. RFC 2544: Allows
to configure the
subtests and to
view test results.
1. Configuration:
Displays tabs to
configure the global
and stream settings
and the subtest
settings.
Options
Global
Stream
Throughput
Back-to-Back
Frame Loss
Latency
2. Results: Displays Summary
tabs to view results Throughput
and alarms/errors.
Back-to-Back
Frame Loss
Latency
Graph
Alarms/Errors
3. BERT: Allows
Ethernet traffic
generation and
analysis up to Layer
4 with specific test
pattern for Bit Error
Rate analysis.
1. Configuration: Global
Displays tabs to
Stream
configure the global
and stream settings.
2. Results: Displays Summary
tabs to view results Detailed
and alarms/errors.
Service Disruption
Alarms/Errors
3. Logger: Displays
the Logger page to
configure and view
the list of recorded
events.
26
AXS-200/805/855
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
Sub Menu
Tabs/Pages
Options
4. Traffic
Generation &
Monitoring: Traffic
Generation &
Monitoring test is
used for
performance
evaluation of
Ethernet or IP
network.
1. Stream Config:
Displays tabs to
configure the main
stream and global
test properties
settings.
Global
2. Background
Streams Config:
Displays tabs to
configure the
Background stream
properties.
Transmit
Shaping
Stream
Sequence
Jitter/Latency
Stream
Network
VLAN
3. Results: Displays Summary
tabs to view results. Throughput
Sequence
Jitter/Latency
Alarms/Errors
Frame Counts
Frame Size
Flow Control
4. Logger: Displays
the Logger page to
configure and view
the list of recorded
events.
Multi Protocol Test Set
27
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
Sub Menu
Tabs/Pages
Options
5. Smart
Loopback: Allows
transmitting back
the stream of data
while interchanging
the source and
destination
addresses of the
MAC, IP and
UDP/TCP layers.
6. Tools: Allows to
ping, trace route,
and cable test.
1. Ping: Displays
tabs to configure
ping and to view
results and
statistics.
Configuration
2. Trace Route:
Displays tabs to
configure trace
route and view
results.
Configuration
Results
Statistics
Results
Configuration
3. Cable Test:
Displays tabs to
Results
configure cable test
and view results.
28
AXS-200/805/855
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
2. DSn/PDH
Sub Menu
T1-A: Allows to
configure the tests
and to view test
results.
Tabs/Pages
1. Setup: Allows to Setup
configure the test.
2. Results: Displays Facility
tabs to configure
Signaling
and view results.
Freq. Analyzer
3. Loopbacks:
Allows to loopup
and loopdown.
T1-B: Allows to
configure the tests
and to view test
results.
Multi Protocol Test Set
Loopbacks
1. Setup: Allows to Setup
configure the test.
2. Results: Displays Facility
tabs to configure
Signaling
and view results.
3. Loopbacks:
Allows to loopup
and loopdown.
PRI-ISDN: Allows to
configure the tests,
and make a call,
answer, and to
hangup.
Options
Loopbacks
1. Setup: Allows to Setup
configure the test.
2. Results & Call
Processing:
Displays tabs to
dial, answer, and
hangup the call.
Facility
DIAL
Answer
HangUp
29
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
Sub Menu
DS3: Allows to
configure the tests
and to view test
results
Tabs/Pages
1. Setup: Allows to Setup
configure the test.
2. Results: Displays Facility
tabs to configure
T1 Drop/Insertc
and view results
3. Loopbacks:
Allows to loopup
and loopdown.
E1-A: Allows to
configure the tests
and to view test
results
Loopbacks
1. Setup: Allows to Setup
configure the test.
2. Results: Displays Facility
tabs to configure
Signaling
and view results
Freq. Analyzer
3. Loopbacks:
Allows to loopup
and loopdown.
E1-B: Allows to
configure the tests
and to view test
results
Options
Loopbacks
1. Setup: Allows to Setup
configure the test.
2. Results: Displays Facility
tabs to configure
Signaling
and view results
3. Loopbacks:
Allows to loopup
and loopdown.
Loopbacks
User Preference:
Allows to set the
preferences for the
DSn/PDH tests.
30
AXS-200/805/855
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
3. Report: Allows
configuring and
viewing all test
reports.
3. Systemd: Allows
file management,
system settings,
software options
management, and
display of system
information.
Sub Menu
Tabs/Pages
Options
1. Configuration:
Allows to configure
reports.
2. File: Allows to
open or delete
report files.
1. Open
2. Delete
1. Utilities: Displays 1. File Manager
the File Manager
2. VNC
utility and VNC
support.
1. Date and Time
2. Settings:
Displays submenus 2. Display and
to configure system Language
settings.
3. Network
Connection
4. Power
Multi Protocol Test Set
31
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
Home Menu
Sub Menu
Tabs/Pages
3. Software
Options: Displays
tabs to select and
activate software
option for module
and platform.
Module
4. Software
Installation:
Displays tabs to
install and create
the software.
Installation
5. Information:
Displays tabs to
view company,
system and module
information.
About
Options
Platform
Creation
Module
Application
Platform
Memory
Components
a.
b.
c.
d.
32
The items in the Home menu and Submenu columns are numbered and can be selected with the
button or by pressing on the corresponding number on the keypad.
The items that are numbered in the Tabs/Page column are pages and can be selected by pressing
on the corresponding numbers. Items in this column that are not numbered are tabs and can be
selected using the corresponding function keys (F1/F2/F3) under the screen.
For DS3, T1 Drop/Insert will be available only when T1 test is also available.
Information on the System menu item is covered in the AXS-200 User Guide.
AXS-200/805/855
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
The Ethernet menu structure is shown as follows.
Interface
Setup
BERT configuration
BERT results
Logger results
Remote
Loopback and
Discovery
Traffic Generation &
Monitoring Stream
Configuration
Module Information
Traffic Generation &
Monitoring Background
Stream Configuration
Save & Load
Config.
Ping configuration
and results
RFC 2544 test
configuration
RFC 2544 test results
Smart
Loopback
Trace Route
configuration and results
Traffic Generation &
Monitoring Results
Traffic Generation &
Monitoring Logger
results
Cable Test configuration
and results
Multi Protocol Test Set
33
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
The DSn/PDH menu structure is shown as follows.
T1-A Setup
DS3 Setup
T1-A Results
DS3 Results
DS3 Loopbacks
T1-A Loopbacks
T1-B Setup
Show NO ERRORS
T1-B Results
Show last dialed numbers
T1-B Loopbacks
PRI-ISDN Setup
PRI-ISDN Results
E1-A Setup
PRI-ISDN Setup
PRI-ISDN Results
E1-B Results
E1-B Loopbacks
DS3 Setup
E1-A Setup
DS3 Results
E1-A Results
DS3 Loopbacks
E1-A Loopbacks
Show NO ERRORS
Show last dialed numbers
34
AXS-200/805/855
Using the Smart User Interface
Home Menu
The Report menu structure is shown as follows:
Report Configuration
Report File
The Systems menu structure is shown as follows.
See AXS-200 User Guide for
System Menu information
Tabs
If more than one page exists on the same screen, the names of these pages
are displayed as tabs on the bottom of the screen. To access a page, press
the function (F1/F2/F3) keys beneath the tab name. If an arrow appears
next to the tabs on the bottom of the screen (see the following figure), use
the function arrow keys to scroll to the next set of tabs.
Multi Protocol Test Set
35
Using the Smart User Interface
Page Elements
Page Elements
For ETHERNET, the title bar (blue bar) on the top of the screen is common
to every page. It displays the following from left to right:
³
The path and name of the page
³
The optical power
³
Remote Loopback icon
³
Test/tool icon
³
Active Sync indicator
³
Time (optional)
³
Power source indicator
Test/Tool icon
Active Sync indicator
Time (optional)
Power source
indicator
Page Name
Arrow to indicate
more tabs on the
next screen.
Tabs
36
AXS-200/805/855
Using the Smart User Interface
Page Elements
For DSn/PDH, the title bar (blue bar) on the top of the screen is common to
every page. It displays the following from left to right:
³
Active Sync indicator
³
Time (optional)
³
Power source indicator
Active Sync indicator
Interface speed
Time (optional)
Power source
indicator
Page Name
Arrow to indicate
more tabs on the
next screen.
Tabs
Use the arrow buttons to navigate the fields and press the
button to
select the parameter for each field. Press the
button to open a field for
editing and the
button to exit the edit mode.
Help
The help button (?) displays the help information on the current Ethernet
page. It is possible to navigate through the help information with the
navigation arrows once the help window is opened. The help button (?)
also closes the help window. Help is not currently available for DSn/PDH
tests.
Multi Protocol Test Set
37
6
Configuring and Starting an
Ethernet Test or Tool
The following procedures describe the overall steps to configure a test or
tool.
Configuring an Asymmetric RFC 2544 Test
To configure the Asymmetric RFC 2544 test:
1. Configure the interface by configuring the port, network, and VLAN
settings. Refer to Interface on page 45. Ensure that the link is up
(indicated by the platform LED) before proceeding to the next step.
2. Optionally, set a remote module in loopback or DTS RFC 2544 mode.
Refer to Remote Selection on page 58.
3. Press
tab.
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Configuration, and the Global
4. Configure the global settings by referring to Global Configuration on
page 70.
5. Select the Stream tab.
6. Configure the stream settings by referring to Stream Configuration on
page 74.
7. Once the stream settings are configured, set up each subtest by
referring to:
7a. Throughput Configuration on page 78 for Throughput test.
7b. Back-to-Back Configuration on page 81 for Back-to-Back test.
7c. Frame Loss Configuration on page 83 for Frame Loss test.
7d. Latency Configuration on page 85 for Latency test.
8. Press
Multi Protocol Test Set
to start or stop the test.
39
Configuring and Starting an Ethernet Test or Tool
Configuring a BERT Test
Configuring a BERT Test
To configure the BERT test:
1. Configure the interface by configuring the port, network, and VLAN
settings. Refer to Interface on page 45. Ensure that the link is up
(indicated by the platform LED) before proceeding to the next step.
2. Optionally, set a remote module in loopback. Refer to Remote
Selection on page 58.
3. Press
, select ETHERNET, BERT, Configuration, and the Global tab.
4. Configure the global settings by referring to Global Configuration on
page 109.
5. Select the Stream tab.
6. Configure the stream by referring to Stream Configuration on page 113.
7. Press
40
to start or stop the test.
AXS-200/805/855
Configuring and Starting an Ethernet Test or Tool
Configuring a Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Configuring a Traffic Generation & Monitoring
Test
To configure the Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test (Stream
Config):
1. Configure the interface by configuring the port, network, and VLAN
settings. Refer to Interface on page 45. Ensure that the link is up
(indicated by the platform LED) before proceeding to the next step.
2. Optionally set a remote module in loopback. Refer to Remote Selection
on page 58.
3. Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring,
Stream Config, and the Global tab.
4. Configure the global settings by referring to Global Configuration on
page 133.
5. Select the Shaping tab and configure the shaping settings by referring
to Shaping Configuration on page 136.
6. Select the Stream tab and configure the stream settings by referring to
Stream Configuration on page 138.
7. Select the Sequence tab and configure the sequence settings by
referring to Sequence Configuration on page 142.
8. Select the Jitter/Latency tab and configure the Jitter/Latency settings
by referring to Jitter/Latency Configuration on page Jitter/Latency
Configuration on page 144.
Multi Protocol Test Set
41
Configuring and Starting an Ethernet Test or Tool
Configuring a Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
To configure the Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
(Background Streams Config):
1. Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring,
Background Stream Config, and the Transmit tab.
2. Configure the transmit settings by referring to Transmit Configuration
on page 148.
3. Select the Stream tab and configure the stream settings by referring to
Stream Configuration on page 150.
4. Select the Network tab and configure the network settings by referring
to Network Configuration on page 155.
5. Select the VLAN tab and configure the VLAN settings by referring to
VLAN Configuration on page 161.
42
AXS-200/805/855
Configuring and Starting an Ethernet Test or Tool
Configuring a Smart Loopback Test
Configuring a Smart Loopback Test
To configure the Smart Loopback test:
1. Configure the interface by configuring the port, network, and VLAN
settings. Refer to Interface on page 45. Ensure that the link is up before
proceeding to the next step.
2. Press
, ETHERNET, and select Smart Loopback.
3. The test can be started from this page and the statistics are displayed
on the same page.
4. Press
to start or stop the test.
Configuring a Ping Tool
To configure the Ping tool:
1. Configure the interface by configuring the port, network, and VLAN
settings. Refer to Interface on page 45. Ensure that the link is up before
proceeding to the next step.
2. Press
tab.
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Ping, and the Ping Configuration
3. Configure the Ping tool by referring to Ping Configuration on page 192.
4. Press
Multi Protocol Test Set
to start or stop the tool.
43
Configuring and Starting an Ethernet Test or Tool
Configuring a Trace Route Tool
Configuring a Trace Route Tool
To configure the Trace Route tool:
1. Configure the interface by configuring the port, network, and VLAN
settings. Refer to Interface on page 45. Ensure that the link is up before
proceeding to the next step.
2. Press
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Trace Route, and the Trace Route
Configuration tab.
3. Configure the Trace Route tool by referring to Trace Route
Configuration on page 198.
4. Press
to start or stop the tool.
Configuring Cable Test Tool
To configure the Cable Test tool:
1. Configure the interface port Transceiver Mode to Electrical and the
speed to either 10Mbps/100Mbps for two-pair cable test or 1Gbps for
four-pair cable test. Refer to Port on page 46.
2. Press
tab.
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Cable Test, and the Configuration
3. Configure the Cable Test tool by referring to Cable Test Configuration
on page 202.
4. Press
44
to start the cable test tool.
AXS-200/805/855
7
Ethernet Test Setup
The Setup menu is used to configure the test interface for the AXS-200/855
before it can be used for testing. The Setup menu offers the following
structure:
f
Submenu
Interface
Tab/Page
Page
Port
46
Network
49
Default Gatewaya
54
VLAN
56
SFP
57
Manual Selection
61
Discovery
58
Module
Module
64
Save & Load
Config
Save & Load Config
65
Remote
a.
The Default Gateway tab is only available when the selected IP version is IPv6.
Interface
The Interface is used to configure the local test interface. The required
parameters correspond to the physical, data link, and network layers. The
parameters are globally configured and applied to all the tests and tools.
Ensure that these parameters are set before running any tests or tools.
Configuring the interface includes configuring the port, network, and VLAN
settings as described in the following procedures.
Multi Protocol Test Set
45
Ethernet Test Setup
Port
Port
The Port tab allows the selection and the configuration of the physical port.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Setup, Interface, and the Port tab.
To set up the port:
1. Select Transceiver Mode. Choices
are Electrical and Optical. The
default setting is Electrical.
2. Select Cable Mode if transceiver
mode is set to electrical. Choices
are Auto Detection or Manual. If
Manual is selected, go to the next
field and select the type of cable
(MDI for straight through, MDIX for
crossover).
3. Turn the Laser On or Off. This option is only applicable when the
transceiver mode is optical.
4. Enable Auto-Negotiation if the remote connected port is also set to
Auto-Negotiation, otherwise it should be disabled.
Note: Auto-Negotiation is not available with the optical 100 Mbps interface. For
other interfaces, this setting is enabled by default. The electrical 1000 Mbps
interface is only available with Auto-Negotiation enabled.
46
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Port
5. Select the Speed of the interface.
For electrical, the choices are 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, 1000 Mbps
(requires software option) and Auto when Auto-Negotiation is
Enabled.
For electrical, the choices are 10 Mbps, 100 Mbps, 1000 Mbps
(requires software option) when Auto-Negotiation is Disabled
For optical, the choices are 1000 Mbps (requires software option)
when Auto-Negotiation is Enabled.
For optical, the choices are 100 Mbps and 1000 Mbps (requires
software option) when Auto-Negotiation is Disabled.
The default setting is 100 Mbps.
Note: The selected/negotiated speed is displayed besides the speed configuration
parameter and in the title bar for the electrical interfaces.
6. Select the Duplex mode. For 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps electrical
interfaces, the choices are Full, Half and Auto when Auto-Negotiation
is Enabled. The choices are Full and Half when Auto-Negotiation is
Disabled. Half duplex is not supported for BERT and Smart Loopback
tests. Default is Full.
Note: For Auto, the negotiated duplex is displayed besides the duplex
configuration parameter.
The following table shows the values for the Duplex Mode and Flow
Control that shall be used to be compatible with the different test
applications.
Port Setup
RFC 2544
BERT
Traffic Gen.
Smart Loopback
Duplex
Half / Full
Full
Half / Full
Full
Flow Control
None / RX
None
None / RX
None
Multi Protocol Test Set
47
Ethernet Test Setup
Port
7. Set the Flow Control. This option is applicable to the RFC 2544 test
and Traffic Generation test. Flow Control is not supported (set to
None) for BERT and Smart Loopback tests. When Flow Control is
enabled, the AXS-200/855 will stop transmitting for the requested time
value specified by the valid flow control frame received. The choices
are None, and RX. The default setting is None. When set to None,
pause frames received are ignored.
Note: For Auto, the negotiated flow control is displayed besides the flow control
configuration parameter.
8. Frequency: Indicates the frequency of the input signal in Mbps. When
no frequency reading is possible, “--” is displayed.
48
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Network
Network
The Network tab allows the configuration of the Ethernet port parameters.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Setup, Interface, and the Network tab.
To configure the Network settings:
Note: The source MAC Address field is fixed and is not configured.
1. Select the IP Version. Choices are IPv4 and IPv6. By default, IPv4
option is selected.
Note: The IP Version field is configurable only when the IPv6 software option is
activated in the System, Software Options - Module tab.
If IPv4 option is selected as the IP version, configure the remaining fields as
below.
2. Enable or disable the DHCP.
Note: If DHCP is enabled, all parameters are
set to the values obtained through
DHCP.
Note: If DHCP is disabled, IP Address and
Subnet Mask fields become
configurable. When DHCP is enabled,
the Default Gateway is automatically
obtained from DHCP.
3. Configure the IP Address. The default IP address is 10.10.0.0. When
the IP Address field is selected for editing, the Latest IP’s button
appears on the bottom of the screen. Press the corresponding function
key to display the list of previously configured IP addresses. Select the
desired IP address from the list, if any.
Multi Protocol Test Set
49
Ethernet Test Setup
Network
4. If DHCP is disabled, enter the Subnet Mask for the Ethernet port. The
default value is 255.255.0.0.
5. Enable or disable the Default Gateway. The default setting is Disabled.
If enabled, enter the default gateway address for the Ethernet port. The
default value is 0.0.0.0.
6. The DHCP Server Address displays the DHCP server IP address when
DHCP is enabled.
7. The DHCP Lease Obtained displays the date and time that the IP
address was leased from the DHCP server when DHCP is enabled.
8. The DHCP Lease Expires displays the date and time that the IP
address lease will expire when DHCP is enabled.
If IPv6 option is selected as the IP version, configure the remaining fields as
below.
9. Link-Local IPv6 Address (LLA) is
used for local communication
between on-link neighbors and for
Neighbor Discovery process.
Mode
50
³
StatelessAuto allows
automatic generation of the
IPv6 address based on the
MAC address. The mode
StatelessAuto is selected by default.
³
Static allows to enter the IP Address.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Network
Address: This field is configurable only when the Mode is Static. The
Link-Local IPv6 Address must start with FE80. The accepted range is
from FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 to
FE80:0000:0000:0000:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF. The default address is
FE80::[Interface ID], where [Interface ID] is generated from the
source MAC address. When the Address field is selected for editing,
the Latest IP’s button appears on the bottom of the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to display the list of previously configured
IP addresses. Select the desired IP address from the list, if any.
10. Global IPv6 Address (GUA) is used to communicate with on-link
neighbors and for global communication with hosts outside the
subnet.
Mode
³
None disables the Global IPv6 address and the Default Gateway
address.
³
StatelessAuto allows automatic generation the IPv6 address based
on the Link-Local address interface ID and the prefix obtained
from the router advertisements. If no Interface ID has been
obtained for the Link Local Address, the Global address will not be
generated. The mode StatelessAuto is selected by default.
³
Static allows to enter the IP Address.
Address: This field is configurable only when the Mode is Static. The
accepted range is from 0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000
to FEFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF. The default address s
2001::[Interface ID], where the [Interface ID] is generated from the
source MAC address. When the IP Address field is selected for editing,
the Latest IP’s button appears on the bottom of the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to display the list of previously configured
IP addresses. Select the desired IP address from the list, if any.
Multi Protocol Test Set
51
Ethernet Test Setup
Network
³
Interface ID Coupled: This field is available when the Global IPv6
Address Mode is Static. This field allows to couple the interface ID of
the Global address to the Link-Local source address. Enable or
Disable the Interface ID Coupled. The default setting is Enabled.
When the Interface ID Coupled is Enabled, only the 64 bit (MSB) prefix
ID in the IPv6 address is configurable, and the 64 bit (LSB) Interface ID
is not configurable (read-only).
When the Interface ID Coupled is Disabled, the 64 bit (MSB) Prefix ID
and 64 bit (LSB) Interface ID in the IPv6 address are configurable.
11. Enter the Prefix Mask. This field is only configurable when the Global
IPv6 Address Mode is Static. It allows to specify a prefix that defines the
subnet. The accepted range is
0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:0000:0000:0000:0000. For example:
Global Address: 2001:0DB8:0001:0002:02AA:00FF:FE11:1111
Prefix Mask: FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000
Corresponding Prefix: 2001:0DB8:0001
52
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Network
The Link-Local/Global IPv6 Address Status is as below:
Mode
StatelessAuto
Static
Multi Protocol Test Set
Status
Description
--
Undefined
Generating
Stateless address
autoconfiguration in progress.
Successful
IP address has been generated
but duplication has been
detected.
Duplication Detected
IP address has been generated
but duplication has been
detected
Failed
IP address has not been
generated.
--
Undefined
DAD Checking
Duplication address detection
in progress.
No Duplication
No duplication has been
detected.
Duplication Detected
Duplication has been detected.
Note that duplicated address is
not assigned to the interface
and consequently unspecified
(::) is assumed.
53
Ethernet Test Setup
Default Gateway
Default Gateway
The Default Gateway tab allows the configuration of the default gateway
address to forward packets outside the subnet.
Press
tab.
, select ETHERNET, Setup, Interface, and the Default Gateway
Note: The Default Gateway tab is only available when IPv6 version is selected.
See IP Version on page 49 to select IPv6 version. When IPv4 is selected, the
default gateway can be configured in the Network tab.
³
³
54
Mode
³
Automatic allows automatic
selection of the default
gateway. The default setting is
Automatic.
³
Static allows entering the
default gateway IP address.
Address: If the Mode is Static,
enter the IP address of the Default Gateway. The accepted range is
from FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 to
FE80:0000:0000:0000:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF. The default address is
FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000. When the Mode is
Automatic, the address field is not configurable.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Default Gateway
The Default Gateway Address Status is as below:
Status
Description
--
Undefined
Checking
Detection in progress to determine if the Default
Gateway is reachable or not.
Unreachable
Default Gateway is unreachable.
Reachable
Default Gateway is reachable.
Multi Protocol Test Set
55
Ethernet Test Setup
VLAN
VLAN
The AXS-200/855 supports up to 2 stacked layers of VLAN. The VLAN tab
allows users to configure the layers, its priority, type and drop eligible.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Setup, Interface, and the VLAN tab.
To configure the VLAN settings:
1. Select the number of VLAN layers.
Choices are None, 1 and 2 layers.
For each layer, set the following
parameters:
2. Enter the VLAN ID. The accepted
range is from 0 to 4095. The value
4095 is reserved while 0 and 1
have specific utility Refer to VLAN
on page 296 for more information.
The default value is 2.
3. Select the VLAN Priority. The accepted range is from 0 to 7. The
default setting is 0 (low priority).
4. Select the VLAN Type. The choices for VLAN Ethernet type are 8100,
88A8, 9100, 9200, and 9300. The default setting is 8100 for VLAN #1
and 88A8 for VLAN #2.
5. The Drop Eligible parameter allows the Service VLAN tag (S-TAG) to
convey eight distinct priorities, each with a drop eligible indication.
When enabled (DEI = 1), the drop eligible parameter is encoded in the
DEI of transmitted frames. The drop eligible parameter should be
enabled for a received frame if the DEI is set in the S-TAG or if the
Priority Code Point Decoding Table indicates drop eligible enabled for
the received PCP value. When disabled (DEI=0), the DEI is ignored on
receipt. Drop Eligible is not available when VLAN type is 8100. This
setting is disabled by default.
56
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
SFP
SFP
The optical interface on the module is made available via a Small Form
Factor Pluggable Module (SFP). For a list of supported SFPs, refer to Optical
Transceivers (SFP) on page 6.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Setup, Interface, and the SFP tab.
The following information is displayed
on the SFP page.
³
Module ID
³
Vendor Name
³
Part Number
³
Serial Number
³
Connector Type: LC, MT-RJ, etc.
³
Speed: 100Base-FX, 1000Base-SX, etc.
Note: Ensure that the speed selected corresponds to the speed of the SFP
installed.
³
Type: Reach type: SR, IR, LR, etc.
³
Wavelength: 850 nm, 1310 nm, 1550 nm.
³
Mode: Single Mode Fiber (SMF) or Multi-Mode Fiber (MMF).
Multi Protocol Test Set
57
Ethernet Test Setup
Remote Selection
Remote Selection
The AXS-200/855 can perform tests in conjunction with a second test set. A
remote module can be connected to either start Smart Loopback test or
perform an RFC2544 test in Dual Test Set mode (DTS).
The Remote Loopback feature provides the capability to loop up or loop
down a remote device (target module). Looping up a target module is the
same as setting the target module into Smart Loopback mode. This feature
is especially useful for unidirectional testing whereby the test stream is
transmitted from the local unit to a target module in loopback, and the test
stream is received back and locally analyzed
Note: When the Remote Loopback feature is used, the remote module should
follow the Duplex/Flow Control configuration of the SmartLoopback test.
The Dual Test Set (DTS) RFC 2544 allows to measure RFC 2544 conformity,
where the downstream characteristics are different from the upstream. A
test stream is transmitted from the local module to the remote module and
from the remote module to the local module. Results of both the directions
are consolidated on the local module.
The target module can be selected by entering its IP address (Manual
Selection tab) or selecting it from an auto-discovery list (Discovery tab).
The local unit requests status information from remote units, which
provides useful information on their state: idle, busy running a test or
already looped up.
Discovery
The AXS-200/855 scans the subnet to discover other AXS-200/855 modules
and Packet Blazer modules configured as RFC 2544 Dual Test Set Remote
mode such as 8510B, 8510G, 8525, 8535, 8120NGE, and 8130NGE.
58
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Remote Selection
³
Scan Subnet: When scan subnet is
enabled, the local module scans
the subnet to discover remote
modules. The scan relies on the
subnet mask information
configured through the Network
tab (see Network on page 49).
³
Remote Capability: Select the
Remote Capability. Choices are
Remote Loopback and DTS RFC 2544. The default setting is Remote
Loopback.
If Remote Loopback is selected, it will discover the module supporting
the Remote Loopback feature.
If DTS RFC 2544 is selected, it will discover the module supporting the
DTS RFC 2544 feature.
To put the remote module into Smart Loopback or DTS RFC 2544
mode:
1. Once the list of discovered units is displayed, press the down arrow to
highlight the list box (the box will be outlined in blue).
2. Press the
yellow).
button to select the list (the box will be outlined in
3. Use the navigation arrows to highlight the target module.
4. If Remote Capability is set to Remote Loopback, select the Loop Up
button to enable the Smart Loopback mode on the target module.
If Remote Capability is set to DTS RFC 2544, select the Connect
button to establish the connection with the target module.
An icon will be displayed in the title bar if the Loop Up or the Connect
operation is successful.
Multi Protocol Test Set
59
Ethernet Test Setup
Remote Selection
5. For Remote Loopback, any test/tool can be started at this time.
For DTS RFC 2544, only the RFC 2544, Ping and Trace Route tests/tools
can be started.
6. To loop down or disconnect, press the down arrow to highlight the
Loop Down or Disconnect button respectively for Remote Loopback
or DTS RFC 2544.
7. Press the
button to select the Loop Down or Disconnect button to
disable the Smart Loopback or DTS RFC 2544 mode from the target
module. Loop down or Disconnect is possible only following a
successful loop up or connect process on a selected target module.
Note: Even if a remote module is busy, it can still be overtaken by the Loop Up or
Connect command.
The possible statuses of the remote module are as follows:
Status
60
Description
Idle
No tests are running.
Looped Up
Smart Loopback mode has been started using
Remote Loopback.
Smart Loopback
Smart Loopback mode has been started
manually.
Busy
No tests are running but the module is busy.
Busy-BERT
BERT testing is running.
Busy-Traffic Gen
Traffic Generation & Monitoring test is running.
Busy-RFC 2544
RFC 2544 test is running.
Busy-Ping
Ping test is running.
Busy-Trace Route
Trace Route test is running.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Remote Selection
Manual Selection
Press
tab.
, select ETHERNET, Setup, Remote, and the Manual Selection
The Manual Selection tab offers a manual selection of the remote module.
For the module to be auto-discovered, see the Discovery tab.
³
Target IP Address: Enter the IP
address (IPv4 or IPv6 as per IP
version selection) of the target
module. The target IP address will
be copied into the Destination
Address of all the tests and tools.
When the IP Address field is
selected for editing, the Latest IP’s
button appears on the bottom of
the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to display the list of previously configured
IP addresses. Select the desired IP address from the list, if available.
³
³
Quick Ping: Select the Quick Ping button to test if the destination
IP address can be reached. A message will be returned to indicate
if the ping attempt was Successful or Failed.
Status: The state of the target module can be one of the following:
Not Responding, Looping Up, Looping Down, Connecting,
Disconnecting or any of the status listed in the table on page 60.
³
Multi Protocol Test Set
Refresh Status: Select Refresh Status to refresh the status of the
specified target module periodically.
61
Ethernet Test Setup
Remote Selection
³
Remote ID: The ID for the target module.
³
Remote Capability: Select the Remote Capability. Choices are Remote
Loopback and DTS RFC 2544. The default setting is Remote
Loopback.
If Remote Loopback is selected, it will discover the module supporting
the Remote Loopback feature.
If DTS RFC 2544 is selected, it will discover the module supporting the
DTS RFC 2544 feature.
62
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Remote Selection
To put the remote module into Smart Loopback or DTS RFC 2544
mode:
1. Select the Remote Capability as Remote Loopback or DTS RFC 2544.
2. Select the Loop Up or Connect button to respectively enable the Smart
Loopback or start the DTS RFC 2544 mode on the target module. An
icon will be displayed in the title bar if the operation is successful.
3. For Remote Loopback, any test/tool can be started at this time.
For DTS RFC 2544, only the RFC 2544, Ping and Trace Route tests/tools
can be started.
4. Select the Loop Down or Disconnect button to respectively disable the
Smart Loopback or DTS RFC 2544 mode from the target module.
Loop down or Disconnect is possible only following a successful loop
up or disconnect process on a selected target module.
Note: Even if a remote module is busy, it can still be overtaken by the Loop Up or
Connect command.
Multi Protocol Test Set
63
Ethernet Test Setup
Module
Module
Press
, select ETHERNET, Setup, and the Module tab.
The Module page allows configuration
of the following parameters:
64
³
Module ID: The Module ID is used
to easily identify the unit when
auto-discovered in a network. Up
to 16 alpha-numeric characters are
supported.
³
Default Configuration: Select the
Restore button to restore the
default settings of the module.
³
Restore Default at Start-Up: Enable or disable the module’s
configuration to be restored upon start-up. If enabled, the user will be
prompted at start-up if the default settings should be restored.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Save & Load Config
Save & Load Config
Press
, select ETHERNET, Setup, and the Save & Load Config.
The Save and Load Config menu allows to save the complete unit
configuration and load them whenever required. It allows to save multiple
test configurations into one file, or to load multiple tests with only one load
operation. The Save and Load menu allows importing the files from
external memory (USB Key) to Internal Flash Memory as well as exporting
files from Internal Flash Memory to external memory (USB Key). The save,
load, import, and export functions are displayed on Save & Load page
when a new configuration file is created or an existing file is selected from
the file list.
³
Media Selector: Allows the
selection of either the Internal
Flash Memory or USB key to
save or load the configuration
file. USB key is available only
when there is one connected to
the AXS-200/855 . The default
value is Internal Flash Memory.
³
Filename: Enter the name of the
file in the Filename editor to save
the new test configuration or
overwrite an existing configuration
file by selecting the name of the file
from the file list that appears below
the Filename editor.
Multi Protocol Test Set
65
Ethernet Test Setup
Save & Load Config
Save, Load, Import, and Export functions are displayed on the screen when
an existing configuration file is selected from the file list.
These function are explained below:
Save Function
The main aim of the save function is to
store the complete unit configuration to
a file on either Internal Flash Memory
or USB Key.
³
Press Save to save new
configuration file or overwrite an
already existing file.
Load Function
The main aim of the load function is to load previously saved test
configuration file from either Internal Flash Memory or USB Key.
³
Press Load to load up the selected configuration file from the file list.
Import Function
The main aim of the import function is to copy the multiple files from the
USB Key to the Internal Flash Memory.
³
66
Press Import to import a single file from Internal Flash Memory to USB
Key. This function tab is displayed only when Internal Flash Memory is
selected as Media Selector.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Test Setup
Save & Load Config
Export Function
The main aim of the export function is to copy multiple files from the
Internal Flash Memory to the USB Key.
³
Press Export to export a single file from USB Key to Internal Flash
Memory at a time. This function tab is displayed only when USB Key is
selected as Media Selector.
Delete Function
The main aim of the delete function is to delete the selected files from the
Internal Flash Memory or the USB Key.
³
Press Delete to delete single configuration file or multiple configuration
files from the file list.
Sel/Unsel Function
The main aim of the Sel/Unsel function is to select or unselect the
configuration file from the file list.
³
Press Sel/Unsel to select or unselect the configuration file in the list
box. The configuration file can even be selected by pressing
key
present on the platform.
Multi Protocol Test Set
67
Ethernet Test Setup
Save & Load Config
Sel/Unsel All Function
The main aim of the Sel/Unsel All function is to select or unselect all
configuration files in the file list.
³
Press Sel/Unsel All to select or unselect all configuration files in the list
box. The configuration file can even be selected by pressing
key
present on the platform.
Note: Configuration file has a backward compatibility (One year or three service
packs).
Note: Possible incompatible load generates errors while loading a configuration
file.
68
AXS-200/805/855
8
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
The AXS-200/855 allows performance testing as per RFC 2544, including
Throughput, Back-to-Back, Frame Loss and Latency subtests.
The RFC 2544 test has to be executed in conjunction with a remote
module. The remote module can be either in loopback configuration for
unidirectional testing or in the Dual Test Set RFC 2544 mode for
bidirectional testing.
The Dual Test Set RFC 2544 allows to measure RFC 2544 conformity where
the downstream characteristics are different from the upstream. The Dual
Test Set RFC 2544 adds the capability to the basic RFC 2544 test to perform
one way Throughput, Frame Loss, and Back to Back subtests. A test stream
is transmitted from the local module to the remote module, and from the
remote module to the local module. Results of both directions are
consolidated on the local module.
The RFC 2544 menu offers the following structure:
Submenu
Configuration
Results
Multi Protocol Test Set
Tab
Page
Global Configuration
70
Stream Configuration
74
Throughput Configuration
78
Back-to-Back Configuration
81
Frame Loss Configuration
83
Latency Configuration
85
Summary Results
87
Throughput Results
94
Back-to-Back Results
96
Frame Loss Results
98
Latency Results
100
Graph
102
Alarms/Errors
103
69
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Global Configuration
Global Configuration
Press
tab.
70
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Configuration, and the Global
³
Unit: Select the unit in Mbps or %.
The default setting is Mbps.
³
Frame Size (Bytes): Select RFC
2544 or User Defined. The default
value is RFC 2544.
³
Nb. of Frames: Nb. of Frames is
only available when User
Defined is selected. Select
number of frames from the Nb. of
Frames list. The default value is 7.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Global Configuration
³
Frame Size: Select the Frame
Size button and the pop up menu
will be displayed as shown in the
figure. For User Defined, enter
the value of the frame sizes.
If RFC 2544 is selected, the
following frame sizes are used for
IPv4 version:
VLAN
Configuration
Frame 1 Frame 2 Frame 3 Frame 4 Frame 5 Frame 6 Frame 7
(Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes)
No VLAN
64
128
256
512
1024
1280
1518
One VLAN
68
128
256
512
1024
1280
1518
Two VLAN
72
128
256
512
1024
1280
1518
If RFC 2544 is selected, the following frame sizes are used for IPv6
version:
VLAN
Configuration
Frame 1 Frame 2 Frame 3 Frame 4 Frame 5 Frame 6 Frame 7
(Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes) (Bytes)
No VLAN
70
128
256
512
1024
1280
1518
One VLAN
74
128
256
512
1024
1280
1518
Two VLAN
78
128
256
512
1024
1280
1518
Note: The frame size is not configurable if RFC 2544 is selected. It allows to see
the standard frame sizes in read-only mode.
Multi Protocol Test Set
71
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Global Configuration
If User Defined is selected, the following frame sizes are available for
IPv4 version:
Frame Type
User Defined
VLAN Configuration
Frame size (Bytes)
No VLAN
64 to 9600
One VLAN
68 to 9600
Two VLAN
72 to 9600
If User Defined is selected, the following frame sizes are available for
IPv6 version:
Frame Type
User Defined
VLAN Configuration
Frame size (Bytes)
No VLAN
70 to 9600
One VLAN
74 to 9600
Two VLAN
78 to 9600
If User Defined is selected, use Up or Down arrow, or
button to
traverse the fields and enter the Frame Size. Press the Apply Changes
button to apply changes.
³
Throughput: Enable or disable Throughput subtest.
³
Back-to-Back: Enable or disable Back-to-Back subtest.
³
Frame Loss: Enable or disable Frame Loss subtest.
³
Latency: Enable or disable Latency subtest.
Note: All subtests are enabled by default.
³
72
Pass/Fail Verdict: Enable or disable the Pass/Fail Verdict. Choices are
Enabled and Disabled. The default setting is Enabled. If enabled, the
Pass/Fail Verdict displays the Pass/Fail verdict on the result pages.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Global Configuration
³
Dual Test Set: Set the mode for the Dual Test Set. Choices are Remote
and Local. Select either Remote or Local to enable Dual Test Set or
Disabled to disable it. The default setting is Disabled.
Disabled: Performs RFC 2544 test with a remote module in loopback
configuration.
Local: Performs DTS RFC 2544 test (bidirectional) and acts as the local
module.
Remote: Performs DTS RFC 2544 test (bidirectional) and acts as the
DTS RFC 2544 remote module.
³
Restore RFC 2544 Defaults: Select Restore RFC 2544 Defaults to
revert the configured values to the default values.
Multi Protocol Test Set
73
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Stream Configuration
Stream Configuration
Press
tab.
³
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Configuration, and the Stream
Destination MAC Address: Enter
the MAC Address if the Resolve
MAC Address is disabled. The
default setting is:
FE:FE:FE:FE:FE:FE.
When the Destination MAC
Address field is selected for
editing, the Latest MAC’s button
appears on the bottom left corner
of the screen. Press the corresponding function key to display the list of
previously configured MAC addresses. Select the desired MAC address
from the list, if any.
³
Resolve MAC Address: Enable or
disable Resolve MAC Address.The
default setting is Disabled.
When enabled, an ARP request is
sent to the network to retrieve the
MAC Address corresponding to the
selected IP address for IPv4.
When enabled, a Neighbor
Solicitation request is sent to the
network to retrieve the MAC Address corresponding to the selected IP
address for IPv6.
If not resolved after 3 seconds, the MAC address value becomes “--”
and the stream is disabled. In the next status field, a Failed status will
appear. The status field also displays “--” when the Resolve MAC
Address is disabled, and other status includes Failed, Not Resolved,
and Resolved. The default status is “--”.
74
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Stream Configuration
³
Destination IP Address: Enter the destination IP address.
The default setting for IPv4 is 10.10.0.0, or is set automatically to the IP
address of the target module that is looped up from Remote Loopback
mode.
The default setting for IPv6 is
2001:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000, or is set automatically to
the IP address of the target module that is looped up from Remote
Loopback mode.
The accepted range for IPv4 is 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. The default
value is 0.0.0.0.
The IPv6 Address can either be the Link-Local IPv6 Address or the
Global IPv6 Address.
The acceptable range for IPv6 is from
000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0001 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF.
When the IP Address field is selected for editing, the Latest IP’s
button appears on the bottom of the screen. Press the corresponding
function key to display the list of previously configured IP addresses.
Select the desired IP address from the list, if any.
³
Quick Ping: Select the Quick Ping button to test if the destination
IP address can be reached. A message will be returned to indicate
if the ping attempt was Successful or Failed.
Note: When a remote module is looped up, the Destination IP Address is not
configurable (read only). When a remote module is looped down, the
Destination IP Address reverts to the previously configured value.
³
TTL for IPv4 and Hop Limit (TTL) for IPv6
Enter the Time to Live (TTL) value. The accepted range is from
0 to 255 with a default of 128.
Multi Protocol Test Set
75
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Stream Configuration
³
TOS/DS for IPv4 and Traffic Class (TOS/DS) for IPv6
Select Type of Service (TOS) or Differentiated Services (DS).
Note: It is possible to configure the TOS/DS parameter using either the
hexadecimal code (00 to FF) or TOS/DS using binary code.
³
If TOS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or go
to the field underneath to enter the binary
code.
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
Precedence
Value
000 (Routine), 001 (Priority), 010 (Immediate),
011 (Flash), 100 (Flash Override),
101 (CRITIC/ECP), 110 (Internet Control),
111 (Network Control)
Default: 000 (Routine)
Delay
Normal / Low (0/1)
Default: Normal
Throughput
Normal / High (0/1)
Default: Normal
Reliability
Normal / High (0/1)
Default: Normal
Monetary Cost
Normal / Low (0/1)
Default: Normal
Reserved bit
0 or 1
Default: 0
76
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Stream Configuration
³
If DS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or
go to the field underneath to enter the
binary code.
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
DSCP Codepoints
Value
000000 (CS0), 001000 (CS1), 010000 (CS2),
011000 (CS3), 100000 (CS4), 101000 (CS5),
110000 (CS6), 111000 (CS7), 001010 (AF11),
001100 (AF12), 001110 (AF13), 010010 (AF21),
10100 (AF22), 010110 (AF23), 011010 (AF31),
011100 (AF32), 011110 (AF33), 100010 (AF41),
100100 (AF42), 100110 (AF43), 101110 (EF)
Default: 000000 (CS0)
ECN
00 (Not-ECT), 01 (ECT-1), 10 (ECT 0),11 (CE)
Default: 00 (Not-ECT)
³
Flow Label (For IPv6 only): Enter the Flow Label value. The
acceptable range is from 0 to 1048575. The default value is 0.
³
Source/ Dist. UDP Ports: Enter the Source UDP Port. The accepted
range is from 0 to 65535. The default value is 49184. Destination UDP
Port: Enter the Destination UDP Port. The accepted range is from 0 to
65535. The default value is 7.
Multi Protocol Test Set
77
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Throughput Configuration
Throughput Configuration
The objective of this test is to find the throughput of the device under test
for which there is no frame loss. Starting at the specified maximum rate
(Maximum Rate), the rate converges towards the highest throughput
without frame loss with the test having a predefined duration (Test Time).
The search is done with a halving/doubling method until a final value is
reached. The throughput measurement is validated the number of times
specified (Nb. of Validations). The Accuracy (Frames) settings specify
how precise that result must be. The test is performed for each defined
frame size.
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Configuration, and the
Throughput tab.
Note: This page is not available when the Dual Test Set parameter is set to
Remote in Global Configuration on page 70.
Note: Throughput must be enabled from Global Configuration on page 70.
78
³
Test Time (MM:SS): Enter the
Test Time value in seconds.
Possible values are 1 second to
30 minutes. The default setting is
1 second (00:01).
³
Accuracy: Enter the Accuracy
value as a percentage of the line
rate or in Mbps. The accuracy is
not based on the configured
Maximum Rate but on the
Ethernet line rate.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Throughput Configuration
The accepted values are as follows:
Interface
Accuracy
Speed
%
Mbps
10 Mbps
0.1 - 10,
0.01 - 1, default = 0.1
100 Mbps
default = 1
0.1 - 10, default = 1.0
1000 Mbps
1 - 100, default = 10
³
Nb. of Validations: Select the number of times the result should be
validated. Choices are 1 to 50 times. The default setting is 1 time.
³
Maximum Rate: Select the Maximum Rate so that the throughput test
should begin with, in terms of a percentage of the line rate or in Mbps.
The accepted values are as follows:
Interface
Speed
10 Mbps
100 Mbps
1000 Mbps
³
Maximum Rate
%
Mbps
0.001 - 100.000, 0.001 - 10.000, default = 10.000
default =
0.001 - 100.000, default = 100.000
100.000
0.001 - 1000.000, default = 1000.000
Verdict Threshold: Select the threshold value in percentage of the line
rate or in Mbps. If the determined throughput value is greater or equal
to the threshold value, the test is declared as PASS. If the determined
throughput value for a specific frame size is lower than the threshold
value, the test is declared as FAIL. This value applies to all the 7 RFC
2544 frame sizes or for the 7 user-defined frame sizes.
Multi Protocol Test Set
79
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Throughput Configuration
The accepted values are as follows:
Interface
Speed
10 Mbps
100 Mbps
1000 Mbps
Verdict Threshold
%
Mbps
0.000 - 100.000, 0.000 - 10.000, default = 10.000
default =
0.000 - 100.000, default = 100.000
100.000
0.000 - 1000.000, default = 1000.000
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is
set to Local in Global Configuration
on page 70, the Maximum Rate and
Verdict Threshold are configured
independently for each direction:
Local-to-Remote and
Remote-to-Local.
80
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Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Back-to-Back Configuration
Back-to-Back Configuration
The objective of this test is to find the maximum number of frames that can
be sent at maximum throughput without frame loss. A burst of frames
(Max. Burst Duration) is sent with minimum inter-frame gaps to the
device under test and the number of forwarded frames is counted. If the
count of transmitted frames is equal to the number of forwarded frames,
the length of the burst is increased and the test is rerun. If the number of
forwarded frames is less than the number of transmitted frames, the length
of the burst is reduced and the test is rerun. The back-to-back value is the
number of frames in the longest burst that the device under test (DUT) can
handle without the loss of any frames. The test performs the number of
defined trials (Number of Trials). The Accuracy (Frames) settings specify
how precise that result must be. The test is performed for each defined
frame size.
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Configuration, and the
Back-to-Back tab.
Note: This page is not available when the Dual Test Set parameter is set to
Remote in Global Configuration on page 70.
Note: Back-to-Back must be enabled from Global Configuration on page 70.
³
Max. Burst Duration: Enter the
Max. Burst Duration in seconds.
Choices are 1 to 5 seconds. The
default setting is 2 seconds.
³
Accuracy (Frames): Enter the
Accuracy measurement value in
frames. Choices are 1 to
50 frames. The default setting is
1.
³
Number of Trials: Select the number of trials to average. Choices are 1
to 100 trials. The default setting is 1 trial.
Multi Protocol Test Set
81
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Back-to-Back Configuration
³
Verdict Threshold: Set the threshold value in percentage of frames per
burst for the test. If the determined back-to-back value is greater or
equal to the threshold value, the test is declared as PASS. If the
determined back-to-back value for a specific frame size is lower than
the threshold value, the test is declared as FAIL. This value should
range from 0.1% to 100% and applies to all the 7 RFC 2544 frame sizes
or for the 7 user-defined frame sizes.
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is
set to Local in Global Configuration on
page 70, the Verdict Threshold is
configured independently for each
direction: Local-to-Remote and
Remote-to-Local.
82
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Frame Loss Configuration
Frame Loss Configuration
The objective of this test is to find the percentage of frames that are lost
due to lack of resources. Starting at the specified maximum rate
(Maximum Rate), the test is performed for a specific frame size and for the
specified duration (Test Time). The test is repeated by decreasing the
throughput by 10%, then the test is repeated again until there are two
successive trials in which no frames are lost. The test is performed for each
defined frame size.
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Configuration, and the Frame
Loss tab.
Note: This page is not available when the Dual Test Set parameter is set to
Remote in Global Configuration on page 70.
Note: Frame Loss must be enabled from Global Configuration on page 70.
³
Test Time (MM:SS): Select the
Test Time value. Possible values
are 1 second to 30 minutes. The
default setting is 1 second (00:01).
³
Maximum Rate: Select the Maximum Rate for the test, in terms of a
percentage of the line rate or in Mbps.
Multi Protocol Test Set
83
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Frame Loss Configuration
The accepted values are as follows:
`
Interface
Speed
Maximum Rate
%
10 Mbps
0.1 - 100,
0.01 - 10, default = 10
100 Mbps
default = 100
0.1 - 100, default = 100
1000 Mbps
³
Mbps
1 - 1000, default = 1000
Verdict Threshold (%): Set the threshold value in percentage of frame
loss. If the determined frame loss value is lower or equal to the
threshold value, the test is declared as PASS. If the determined frame
loss value for a specific frame size is greater than the threshold value,
the test is declared as FAIL. This value should range from 0.1 % to
100 % and applies to all the 7 RFC 2544 frame sizes or for the 7
user-defined frame sizes.
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is set to Local in Global Configuration
on page 70, the Maximum Rate and Verdict Threshold are configured
independently for each direction: Local-to-Remote and Remote-to-Local.
Note: Verdict Threshold parameter will be
editable only when the RFC 2544
Pass/Fail Verdict parameter is
Enabled in Global Configuration on
page 70.
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Latency Configuration
Latency Configuration
The objective of this test is to find the time required for the sent frame to go
through the device under test and return to the AXS-200/855 module.
Starting by sending a stream of frames for the predefined duration (Test
Time) and throughput (Maximum Rate) at a particular frame size, an
identifying dependent tag is included in one frame. The time at which this
frame is transmitted is recorded (timestamp A). When the tagged frames
come back, the time is recorded again (timestamp B) and the Latency
result is: timestamp B - timestamp A. The test is repeated for the defined
number of times (Number of Trials) and the average result is calculated.
The test is performed for each defined frame size.
Press
tab.
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Configuration, and the Latency
Note: This page is not available when the Dual Test Set parameter is set to
Remote in Global Configuration on page 70.
Note: Latency must be enabled from Global Configuration on page 70.
³
Test Time (MM:SS): Select the test
time value. Choices are 1 second
to 2 minutes. The default setting is
1 second (00:01).
³
Number of Trials: Select the
number of trials to average.
Choices are from 1 to 50 trials. The
default setting is 1 trial.
Multi Protocol Test Set
85
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Latency Configuration
³
Maximum Rate: Enter the Maximum Rate as a percentage of the line
rate or in Mbps. The accepted values are as follows:
Interface
Speed
%
Mbps
10 Mbps
0.1 - 100,
0.01 - 10, default = 10
100 Mbps
default = 100
0.1 - 100, default = 100
1000 Mbps
86
Maximum Rate
1 - 1000, default = 1000
³
Copy from Throughput Test: Enable to get values from the
Throughput subtest results. This setting is enabled by default. When
the Copy from Throughput Test parameter is enabled, the
Throughput subtest results will be used as the Maximum Rate
individually for each corresponding frame size.
³
Verdict Threshold: Set the threshold value as the maximum delay in
ms. If the determined latency value is less than or equal to the
threshold value, the test is declared as PASS. If the determined latency
value is higher than the threshold value, the test is declared as FAIL.
The accepted range is 0.015 to 8000 ms with a default value of 125 ms,
and this value applies to all the 7 RFC 2544 frame sizes or for the 7
user-defined frame sizes.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Summary Results
Summary Results
When the RFC 2544 test is run, a summary of the results as well as the
detailed results per subtest is collected. The Summary results page
displays the progress of each subtest. The progress per subtest is
monitored and updated on a per second basis. Once the subtest is
completed, its Pass/Fail result is displayed. The top half of the Summary
results page is static and is common for all subtests, however the bottom
half is dynamic and changes with each subtest.
IMPORTANT
Test results/statistics are cleared when changing test or tool
selection. It is highly advised to generate and save the report once
the current test is completed. See Report Generation on page 91 to
generate and save a report file.
Press
, ETHERNET, select RFC 2544, Results, and the Summary tab.
The progress Status of each subtest is
indicated as follows:
³
“--” (test has not started)
³
In Progress
³
Completed
³
Aborted
³
Aborted – No remote
connection
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is set to Remote in Global Configuration
on page 70, only Start Time and Duration will be displayed for the remote
module.
Multi Protocol Test Set
87
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Summary Results
³
Aborted – Invalid Configuration
³
Aborted – Loss of remote connection
Note: This status will appear only when the Dual Test Set Connection is lost
during the DTS RFC 2544 test.
Once the RFC 2544 subtests are completed or stopped, the Pass/Fail
verdict is displayed for each subtest, when enabled. To set the
Pass/Fail verdict, see Pass/Fail Verdict on the Global Configuration
page 72.
³
Start Time: The time when the RFC 2544 test was started.
³
Duration: The length of time from when the RFC 2544 test was started,
until when the test was completed.
³
Report: Select the Report button to generate the report file of the
results and statistics. See Report Generation on page 91 to generate
and save a report file.
Note: While a subtest is in progress, the status and results are displayed on the
bottom half of the page in real time, and are retained in the detailed results
tab of each subtest. These values do not appear if subtests are not in
progress.
The current test Frame Size status and the previous tested Frame Size
results are listed. The results are described as follows:
88
³
Val. #: Available only for the Throughput subtest. This value indicates
the current validation number in progress.
³
Trial #: Available only for Back-to-Back and Latency subtests. This
value indicates the current trial number in progress.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Summary Results
³
Step: Available only for the Frame Loss subtest. This value indicates
the 10 % interval of throughput decreased. The subtest is repeated at
each decreased throughput. The subtest is stopped for a frame size
when there are 2 successive trials in which no frames are lost or when
the throughput has reached 0 % of the full media speed.
³
TX Frames: Available only for Throughput, Frame Loss and
Back-to-Back subtests. The count of transmitted frames for the
iteration in progress. This value is kept throughout the iteration until the
next iteration begins. When the next iteration begins, the value
displayed will momentarily be “0” while data is collected.
³
RX Frames: The count of received frames for the iteration in progress
after the test frames have been transmitted and a pause of 2 seconds
has passed. This value is kept throughout the iteration until the next
iteration begins. When the next iteration starts, the value displayed will
momentarily be “0” while data is collected.
Note: For DTS RFC 2544, the results for the
Local-to-Remote direction are
obtained between test iterations.
The possible subtest statuses that
reflect the test phase or results of the
currently tested frame size are listed as
follows:
Test Phase
³
Initializing
³
Learning: Sending learning frames.
³
Testing: Sending test frames.
³
Waiting
Multi Protocol Test Set
89
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Summary Results
Results
90
³
Not measurable: Latency not measurable.
³
Test completed
³
Aborted: Aborted by user.
³
Link is down
³
MAC not resolved: MAC address is not resolved.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Summary Results
Report Generation
Reports can be generated for the test and tools results. The report button is
available on the BERT, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, RFC 2544
summary tabs, T1-A/T1-B, PRI- ISDN, DS3 Test, E1-A/E1-B, facility tabs,
and Ping, Trace Route, and Cable Test result tabs.
Report button
To generate a report:
1. Select the Report button from the
Results page, if not already
selected, and press the
button.
The report is being generated and
is displayed on screen.
2. Press the
button to select the
report section, and use the up and
down arrows to scroll through the
report.
3. Press the
Multi Protocol Test Set
button to have access to the function keys.
91
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Summary Results
4. Press Bottom to move to the bottom of the page.
Note: When the bottom of the page is displayed, Bottom changes to Top.
5. Press the function key under Configuration on the bottom of the
screen to configure the titles and headings of the report.
6. Customize the following fields.
Refer to Report Configuration on
page 257 for information on the
parameters:
³
Report Header
³
Report Title
³
User Information
³
File Name
³
View Report: If enabled, the report page will automatically display
after a report is generated. If disabled, the Report Configuration
page will be displayed after a report is generated.
Note: For BERT, and Traffic Generation Test,
View Report will be replaced by
Logger in Report as shown in the
figure.
7. Select Default to revert all
parameters back to the default
settings.
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Summary Results
8. Select View to display the changes
on the report file.
9. Select Save to save the report file.
The report will be saved on the
selected media. Refer to Media
Selector on page 257.
A message is displayed to indicate
that the report file is successfully
saved.
10. Select the OK button by pressing
the function key underneath it. Use
the navigation arrows to scroll up
and down the page to view the
report.
11. To exit the report page, press the
button.
Multi Protocol Test Set
93
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Throughput Results
Throughput Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Results, and the Throughput tab.
³
Status: Displays the test status as
“--”, In Progress, Completed, or
Aborted. Once the Throughput
test is completed or stopped, the
Pass/Fail verdict is displayed,
when enabled.
³
Max. Rate: Displays the
configured value of maximum
rate in Mbps or %.
Note: Max. Rate will not be displayed when the Dual Test Set parameter is set to
Local in Global Configuration on page 70.
94
³
Duration: Displays subtest duration in D HH:MM:SS format.
³
Val. #: Displays the configured number of validations.
³
Threshold: The throughput Pass/Fail threshold can be configured at all
times in Mbps or %. When the value is changed, the verdict of the
subtest gets re-evaluated and updated.
³
Results In: The throughput value is expressed in Mbps by default. The
user can also specify the values to be displayed as a percentage of the
line rate or in Frames per Second (fps).
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Throughput Results
³
Layer: Select the layer for determining the throughput results layer to
display. Choices are All, Ethernet and IP. The default setting is All.
³
All: Considers all layers to display the Throughput Results and
represents the Ethernet line utilization.
³
Ethernet: Displays the Throughput Results calculated at the
Ethernet layer.
³
IP: Displays the Throughput Results calculated at the IP layer.
The throughput results displayed on the bottom half of the page are
displayed for the selected frame size distribution.
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is set to Local in Global Configuration
on page 70, the Throughput subtest results are presented independently for
each direction: Local-to-Remote and Remote-to-Local.
Note: For DTS RFC 2544, the results for the
Local-to-Remote direction are
obtained between test iterations.
Note: The Pass/Fail verdict is displayed for
each frame size. To set the Pass/Fail
verdict, refer to the RFC 2544 Global
Configuration tab. See Pass/Fail
Verdict on page 72.
= PASS
= FAIL
Multi Protocol Test Set
95
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Back-to-Back Results
Back-to-Back Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Results, and the Back-to-Back tab.
³
Status: Displays the test status as
“--”, In Progress, Completed, or
Aborted. Once the Back-to-Back
test is completed or stopped, the
Pass/Fail verdict is displayed,
when enabled.
³
Max. Burst: Displays the
configured value of maximum
burst in seconds.
Note: Max. Burst will be displayed only when the Dual Test Set parameter is set
to Disabled in Global Configuration on page 70.
96
³
Duration: Displays test duration in D HH:MM:SS format.
³
Threshold: The back-to-back Pass/Fail threshold can be configured in
percentage at all times. When the value is changed, the verdict of the
subtest gets re-evaluated and updated.
³
Trial #: Displays the number of the current trial.
³
Results In: The back-to-back value is expressed in Mbps by default.
The user can also specify the values to be displayed as a percentage of
the maximum number of frames in a burst as specified by the burst
duration or in Frames per Burst (Frames/burst). Back-to-back results
are displayed for all frame sizes.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Back-to-Back Results
³
Layer: Select the layer for determining the back-to-back results layer to
display. Choices are All, Ethernet and IP. The default setting is All.
³
All: Considers all layers to display the Back-to-Back Results and
represents the Ethernet line utilization.
³
Ethernet: Displays the Back-to-Back Results calculated at the
Ethernet layer.
³
IP: Displays the Back-to-Back Results calculated at the IP layer.
The back-to-back results displayed on the bottom half of the page are
displayed for the selected frame size distribution.
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is set to Local in Global Configuration
on page 70, the Back-to-Back subtest results are presented independently
for each direction: Local-to-Remote and Remote-to-Local.
Note: For DTS RFC 2544, the results for the
Local-to-Remote direction are
obtained between test iterations.
Note: The Pass/Fail verdict is displayed for
each frame size. To set the Pass/Fail
verdict, refer to the RFC 2544 Global
Configuration tab. See Pass/Fail
Verdict on page 72.
= PASS
= FAIL
Multi Protocol Test Set
97
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Frame Loss Results
Frame Loss Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Results, and the Frame Loss tab.
³
Status: Displays the test status as
“--”, In Progress, Completed, or
Aborted. Once the Frame Loss test
is completed or stopped, the
Pass/Fail verdict is displayed,
when enabled.
³
Max. Rate: Displays the configured
value of maximum rate in Mbps or
%.
Note: Max. Rate will be displayed only when the Dual Test Set parameter is set
to Disabled in Global Configuration on page 70.
³
Duration: Displays the test duration in D HH:MM:SS format.
³
Threshold: The frame loss Pass/Fail threshold can be configured in
percentage at all times. When the value is changed, the verdict of the
subtest gets re-evaluated and updated.
Note: Threshold will not be displayed when the Dual Test Set parameter is set to
Local in Global Configuration on page 70.
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Frame Loss Results
³
Step: Determines which step is displayed.
³
Results In: The frame loss value is expressed in %.
The frame loss results displayed on the bottom half of the page are
displayed for the selected frame size distribution.
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is set to Local in Global Configuration
on page 70, the Frame Loss subtest results are presented independently for
each direction: Local-to-Remote and Remote-to-Local.
Note: For DTS RFC 2544, the results for the
Local-to-Remote direction are
obtained between test iterations.
Note: The Pass/Fail verdict is displayed for
each frame size. To set the Pass/Fail
verdict, refer to the RFC 2544 Global
Configuration tab. See Pass/Fail
Verdict on page 72.
= PASS
= FAIL
Multi Protocol Test Set
99
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Latency Results
Latency Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Results, and the Latency tab.
Note: This page is not available when the Dual Test Set parameter is set to
Remote in Global Configuration on page 70
³
Status: Displays the test status as
“--”, In Progress, Completed, or
Aborted. Once the Latency test is
completed or stopped, the
Pass/Fail verdict is displayed,
when enabled.
³
Max. Rate: Displays the configured
value of maximum rate in Mbps or
%.
³
Duration: Displays subtest duration in D HH:MM:SS format.
³
Threshold: The latency Pass/Fail threshold can be configured at all
times in ms. When the value is changed, the verdict of the subtest gets
re-evaluated and updated.
³
Trial #: Displays the number of the current trial.
³
Mode: The latency results can be expressed in either Cut-Through or
Store and Forward (S&F) mode. The default setting is Cut-Through.
Cut-Through (Bit Latency) allows the calculation of the propagation
time of a bit and S&F (Frame Latency) allows the calculation of the
propagation time of a frame.
Note: S&F (Frame Latency) is not applicable when the Dual Test Set parameter
is set to Local.
100
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Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Latency Results
³
Results In: The latency value is expressed in ms by default. The user
can also specify the values to be displayed as μs.
The latency results displayed on the bottom half of the page are displayed
for the selected frame size distribution.
Note: The Pass/Fail verdict is displayed for each frame size. To set the Pass/Fail
verdict, refer to the RFC 2544 Global Configuration tab. See Pass/Fail
Verdict on page 72.
= PASS
= FAIL
Multi Protocol Test Set
101
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Graph
Graph
Gives the graph showing the Throughput, Back-to-Back, Frame Loss, or
Latency measurement.
Press
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Results, and the Graph tab.
The X axis shows the frame sizes for Throughput, Back-to-Back, Latency
or the TX Rate for Frame Loss. The Y axis shows the subtest results.
³
Test: Select the test that has to be
displayed from the upper portion
of the tab. Choices are
Throughput, Back-to-Back,
Frame Loss, and Latency.
³
Frame Size (Bytes): For Frame
Loss subtest, select the Frame
Size results to be displayed.
Note: When the Dual Test Set parameter is
set to Local in Global Configuration on
page 70, the results are presented
independently for each direction:
Local-to-Remote and
Remote-to-Local.
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Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Alarms/Errors
Alarms/Errors
Press
tab.
, select ETHERNET, RFC 2544, Results, and the Alarms/Errors
The Alarms/Errors page displays alarms and errors with green, red, or
amber indicators. The error count and the amount of time in seconds that
the alarm remained raised during test execution is also displayed. The
description of each alarm and error is provided as follows:
Alarms
³
Link Down: Indicates that the
Ethernet connection is down. The
Ethernet connection is down when
there is a local or a remote fault
condition.
³
LOS: Indicates a loss of signal on
the optical port.
³
Frequency: A frequency alarm is
raised when the frequency offset of
the receiving signal is over the standard limit (±100 ppm).
Note: The total number of alarmed seconds for Link Down, LOS, and Frequency
is recorded and displayed in the field next to the alarm name.
Note: Alarms/Errors are updated only during test execution.
Multi Protocol Test Set
103
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Alarms/Errors
The Alarm LEDs are described as follows:
LED Label
Link Down
Color
Green
Link up.
Red
Link down (Current).
Amber
Link down was present (History).
Black
Not applicable.
LOS (loss of signal) Green
Frequency
104
Meaning
No LOS is present during test.
Red
LOS alarm is present (Current).
Amber
LOS was present (History).
Black
Not applicable.
Green
No frequency offset alarm is present
during the test.
Red
Frequency offset alarm is present
(Current).
Amber
Frequency offset alarm was present
(History).
Black
Not applicable.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet RFC 2544 Test
Alarms/Errors
Errors
³
Symbol (100/1000 Mbps): A Symbol Error is declared when an
invalid code-group in the transmission code is detected.
³
FCS: The number of received frames with an invalid FCS.
³
Alignment (10/100 Mbps): Indicates the number of received
frames without an integral number of octets in length.
³
Jabber: The number of received frames larger than 1518 (no VLAN
tag), 1522 (One VLAN tag), 1526 (Two VLAN tags), or 1530 (3 VLAN
tags) bytes with an invalid FCS.
³
Runt: The number of received frames that are smaller than
64 bytes with an invalid FCS.
³
Undersize: The number of received frames smaller than 64 bytes
with a valid FCS.
The following errors are only available with Half Duplex mode (only for
electrical interface at speeds of 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps).
³
Collision: Indicates the number of collisions on the link.
³
Late Coll.: Indicates the number of collisions that have occurred
after a 64 bytes transmission.
³
Exc. Coll.: Indicates the number of frames that were sent 16 times
unsuccessfully due to consecutive collisions.
The Errors LEDs are described as follows:
Color
Meaning
Green
No error.
Red
A test is running and there is at least one error present (Current).
Amber
There was at least 1 error reported (History).
Black
Not applicable.
Multi Protocol Test Set
105
9
Ethernet BERT Test
The Bit Error Rate Test (BERT) measures the level of transmission
impairment on a communication channel. Specific test patterns are sent
through Ethernet frames and then analyzed to detect data integrity
problem (bit error).
The BERT test case offers several options:
³
Traffic configuration:
³
Ethernet or Ethernet/IPv4/UDP (when the IPV4 version is selected)
Ethernet or Ethernet/IPv6/UDP (when the IPv6 version is selected)
³
Frame size
³
Transmit rate
³
Test pattern
³
Capability to change dynamically the rate and frame size while the test
is running.
³
Injection of impairments on the transmitted traffic (bit errors).
³
Capability to reset all results/statistics while the test is running.
³
Errors/Alarms monitoring.
³
Capability to measure the service disruption time based on no traffic
received (No Traffic mode).
³
Global verdict based on bit error count & SDT or bit error rate & SDT.
³
Capability to configure and view the list of recorded events while a test
case was running, including threshold crossing events.
Although the AXS-200/855 Multi Protocol Test Set has a single port, both
unidirectional and bidirectional BERT testing can be performed.
Multi Protocol Test Set
107
Ethernet BERT Test
Unidirectional BERT testing is performed whereby the test stream is
transmitted from the local module to a remote device in loopback, and the
test stream is received back and locally analyzed. The results are reported
at the local end.
Bidirectional BERT testing is composed of two independent tests where
traffic transmitted from one end will be analyzed at the other end. Test
synchronization between 2 units is performed on a best-effort basis. Any
alarms/errors due to incorrect synchronization can be cleared while the
test is running. The test results for each direction are reported only at the
receive end. There is no exchange of results between test units. The local
and remote modules can be either an AXS-200/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
or FTB-8510/8510B/8510G.
The BERT menu offers the following structure:
SubMenu
Configuration
Results
Logger
108
Tab
Page
Global Configuration
109
Stream Configuration
113
Summary Results
117
Detailed Results
120
Service Disruption Results
121
Alarms/Errors
123
Logger
126
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet BERT Test
Global Configuration
Global Configuration
The rate and frame size can be changed dynamically while the test is
running. The Pass/Fail verdict can be set at anytime independent of
whether a test is started.
Press
, select ETHERNET, BERT, Configuration, and the Global tab.
Note: Service Disruption Time feature is always active.
³
Framing: Select Ethernet,
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP or
Ethernet/IPv6/UDP. The default
value is Ethernet.
³
Rate Unit: Select the unit for the
transmission and receive rate.
Choices are Mbps and %. The
default setting is Mbps.
³
TX Rate: Set the transmission rate
in terms of a percentage of the line rate or in Mbps.
The accepted range and increments are as follows:
Interface
Maximum Rate
%
10 Mbps
0.1 - 100,
0.01 - 10, default = 10
100 Mbps
default = 100
0.1 - 100, default = 100
1000 Mbps
Multi Protocol Test Set
Mbps
1 - 1000, default = 1000
109
Ethernet BERT Test
Global Configuration
³
Frame Size (Bytes): Set the frame size up to 9600 bytes. The default
value is 64 bytes. By default, No VLAN is selected. If Ethernet framing
is selected, the minimum frame size is 48.
If Ethernet/IPv4/UDP framing is selected, the minimum frame size is
according to the number of VLAN layers:
³
No VLAN = 64 bytes
³
One VLAN = 68 bytes
³
Two VLAN = 72 bytes
If Ethernet/IPv6/UDP framing is selected, the minimum frame size is
according to the number of VLAN layers:
³
No VLAN = 84 bytes
³
One VLAN = 88 bytes
³
Two VLAN = 92 bytes
Note: The frame size can be changed at any time whether or not a test is running.
³
Test Pattern: Select a test pattern. Choices are as follows:
PRBS 29 -1
PRBS 211 -1
PRBS 215-1
PRBS 220-1
PRBS 223-1
PRBS 231-1 (default)
User Pattern: Go to the next field to define the user pattern
parameter that indicates the test pattern to be used. The user
pattern is a 32-bit (4-byte) value. The default value is 0.
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Global Configuration
³
Invert: Enable or disable Invert. If enabled, the test pattern is
transmitted/analyzed with all bits inverted meaning that every 0 is
changed to 1, and every 1 to 0. For example, the pattern 1100 will be
sent as 0011. The test pattern inversion is disabled by default.
³
Duration: Set the duration of the test. The choices are as follows:
³
15-Min
³
1-Hour
³
2-Hours
³
4-Hours
³
6-Hours
³
12-Hours
³
24-Hours
³
User Defined
³
Disabled: Runs the test for infinite time. It can be stopped
manually at any point of time.
The default value is Disabled. Select the duration field next to User
Defined and a pop up menu will be displayed to configure the test
duration.
³
No Traffic Time: The No Traffic Time configuration allows a user to set
the time between two Ethernet Frames that is acceptable without
raising an alarm. It also describes when a Service Disruption event
occurs. Enter the acceptable delay between the two frames. The
acceptable range is from 0.01 ms to 1000 ms. The default value is
1000 ms.
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Ethernet BERT Test
Global Configuration
³
Pass/Fail Verdict: The Pass/Fail Verdict configuration enables or
disables the use of the pass/fail verdict for the BER Threshold and SDT
Threshold (SDT is always a part of the verdict when the verdict is
enabled). Select the Pass/Fail verdict as Bit Error Count & SDT, Bit
Error Rate & SDT, or Disabled to specify over which thresholds the
pass/fail verdict will be done.
The Bit Error measurement (BER Threshold) and the SDT have
influence over the global verdict.
In addition, the Global Pass/Fail verdict is declared as Fail when at least
one of the following alarms is raised during the test:
³
³
112
³
Link Down
³
LOS
³
Pattern Loss
BER Threshold: If the BER Threshold is enabled, enter the threshold
amount as follows:
³
If the Pass/Fail Verdict is Bit Error Count & SDT, the accepted
BER threshold range is a 6 digit figure with default value of 0. The
BER Threshold indicates the number of accepted errors before
failing the Test.
³
If the Pass/Fail Verdict is Bit Error Rate & SDT, the accepted BER
threshold range is 1.0E-14 to 1.0E0 with default value of 1.0E-2. The
BER Threshold indicates the accepted Bit error rate before failing
the Test.
SDT Threshold: The SDT Threshold represents the amount of time
with no traffic that is accepted before failing the test. Enter the
threshold value. The accepted range is from 0.01 ms to 300000 ms.
The threshold value cannot be less than the No Traffic Time value.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet BERT Test
Stream Configuration
Stream Configuration
Press
, select ETHERNET, BERT, Configuration, and the Stream tab.
Note: Only Destination MAC Address is configurable, if Ethernet framing is
selected in Global Configuration.
³
Destination MAC Address: Enter
the MAC Address if the Resolve
MAC Address is not enabled. The
default setting is:
FE:FE:FE:FE:FE:FE.
When the Destination MAC
Address field is selected for
editing, the Latest MAC’s button
appears on the bottom of the
screen. Press the corresponding function key to display the list of
previously configured MAC addresses. Select the desired MAC address
from the list, if any.
³
Resolve MAC Address: Enable or
disable Resolve MAC Address The
default setting is Disabled.
When enabled, an ARP request is
sent to the network to retrieve the
MAC Address corresponding to the
selected IP address for IPv4.
When enabled, a Neighbor
Solicitation request is sent to the
network to retrieve the MAC Address corresponding to the selected IP
address for IPv6.
Multi Protocol Test Set
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Ethernet BERT Test
Stream Configuration
If not resolved after 3 seconds, the MAC value becomes “--” and the
stream is disabled. In the next status field, a Not Resolved status will
appear. The status field also displays “--” when the Resolve MAC
Address is disabled, and other status includes Failed, Not Resolved,
and Resolved. The default status is “--”.
³
Destination IP Address: Enter the Destination IP Address.
The default setting for IPv4 is 10.10.0.0 or is set automatically to the IP
address of the target module from Remote Loopback mode. The
default setting for IPv6 is 2001:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000.
It can also be set automatically to the IP address of the target module
from Remote Loopback mode. It should be a valid Link-Local IPv6
Address (LLA) or Global IPv6 Address (GUA) address.
The accepted range for IPv4 is 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. The default
value is 0.0.0.0. The IPv6 Address can either be the Link-Local IPv6
Address or the Global IPv6 Address. The acceptable range for IPv6 is
from 000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0001 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF.
When the IP Address field is selected for editing, the Latest IP’s
button appears on the bottom of the screen. Press the corresponding
function key to display the list of previously configured IP addresses.
Select the desired IP address from the list, if any.
³
Quick Ping: Select the Quick Ping button to test if the destination
IP address can be reached. A message will be returned to indicate
if the ping attempt was Successful or Failed.
Note: When a remote module is looped up, the Destination IP Address is not
configurable (read only). When a remote module is looped down, the
Destination IP Address reverts to the previously configured value.
³
TTL for IPv4 and Hop Limit (TTL) for IPv6
Enter the Time to Live (TLL) value. The accepted range is from
0 to 255 with a default of 128.
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Stream Configuration
³
TOS/DS for IPv4 and Traffic Class (TOS/DS) for IPv6
Select Type of Service (TOS) or Differentiated Services (DS).
Note: It is possible to configure the TOS/DS parameter using either the
hexadecimal code (00 to FF) or TOS/DS using binary code.
³
If TOS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or
go to the field underneath to enter the
binary code.
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
Precedence
Value
Bit
000 (Routine), 001 (Priority), 010 (Immediate),
011 (Flash), 100 (Flash Override),
101 (CRITIC/ECP), 110 (Internet Control),
111 (Network Control)
1-3
Default: 000 (Routine)
Throughput
Normal / High (0/1)
4
Default: Normal
Monetary Cost
Normal / Low (0/1)
5
Default: Normal
Delay
Normal / Low (0/1)
6
Default: Normal
Reliability
Normal / High (0/1)
7
Default: Normal
Reserved bit
0 or 1
8
Default: 0
Multi Protocol Test Set
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Ethernet BERT Test
Stream Configuration
³
If DS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or
go to the field underneath to enter the
binary code.
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
DSCP Codepoints
Value
Bit
1-6
000000 (CS0), 001000 (CS1), 010000 (CS2),
011000 (CS3), 100000 (CS4), 101000 (CS5),
110000 (CS6), 111000 (CS7), 001010 (AF11),
001100 (AF12), 001110 (AF13), 010010 (AF21),
10100 (AF22), 010110 (AF23), 011010 (AF31),
011100 (AF32), 011110 (AF33), 100010 (AF41),
100100 (AF42), 100110 (AF43), 101110 (EF),
Default: 000000 (CS0)
ECN
00 (Not-ECT), 01 (ECT-1), 10 (ECT 0),11 (CE)
7-8
Default: 00 (Not-ECT)
116
³
Flow Label (For IPv6 only): Enter the Flow Label value. The
acceptable range is from 0 to 1048575. The default value is 0.
³
Source/ Dest. UDP Ports: Enter the Source UDP Port. The accepted
range is from 0 to 65535. The default value is 49184. Enter the
Destination UDP Port. The accepted range is from 0 to 65535. The
default value is 7.
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Ethernet BERT Test
Summary Results
Summary Results
The Summary Results page allows the user to not only view the status of
the test, but to also change certain parameters dynamically as the test is
running, such as injecting and resetting errors, changing the transmission
rate, frame size, and threshold.
IMPORTANT
Test results/statistics are cleared when changing test or tool
selection. It is highly advised to generate and save the report once
the current test is completed. Refer to Report Generation on
page 91 to generate and save a report file.
Press
³
, select ETHERNET, BERT, Results, and the Summary tab.
Status: The BERT test progress is
monitored and updated on a per
second basis. The status displays
the following:
³
“--”: test is not running and
results are not available.
³
In Progress: test is running.
³
Completed: test is completed,
stopped at the planned time, or manually stopped when there is no
set timer.
³
Aborted: test is interrupted; test is stopped before the set time.
Once the BERT test is stopped, the Pass/Fail verdict is displayed, when
enabled.
Multi Protocol Test Set
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Ethernet BERT Test
Summary Results
³
Start Time: The time when the BERT test was started.
³
Duration: The length of time from when the test was started, until
when the test was completed.
³
RX Rate: Display the receive rate in terms of a percentage of the line
rate or Mbps.
³
TX Rate: Set the transmission rate in terms of a percentage of the line
rate or in Mbps.
The accepted range and increments are as follows:
Interface
Maximum Rate
%
10 Mbps
0.001 - 100.000,
0.001 - 10.000, default = 10.000
100 Mbps
default = 100.000
0.001 - 100.000, default = 100.000
1000 Mbps
118
Mbps
0.001 - 1000.000, default = 1000.000
³
Longest SDT (ms): Displays the longest service disruption time
measured from the beginning of the test.
³
Bit Error Amount: Set the bit error amount to inject into traffic. The
accepted range is from 1 to 50 with a default value of 1. This
parameter is configurable at any time whether or not a test is running.
³
Inject: Select this button to inject bit errors on the transmitted traffic.
Bit errors are injected only while a test is running.
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Ethernet BERT Test
Summary Results
³
BER Threshold: Enter the threshold amount as follows (if the bit error
results exceed this value, the test will be declared as failed):
³
If the Pass/Fail Verdict is Bit Error Count, the accepted threshold
range is 6 digits with a default value of 0.
³
If the Pass/Fail Verdict is Bit Error Rate, the accepted threshold
range is 1.0E-14 to 1.0E0 with a default value of 1.0E-2.
³
The Pass/Fail Verdict is displayed on the screen with the help of
the following symbols:
= PASS
= FAIL
³
Reset: Press this button at any time to clear the results and statistics.
This does not interrupt the monitoring process nor cause errors on the
transmitted stream while a test is running. Use after an injection of bit
errors to clear results.
³
Bit Error Count: Displays the sum of mismatch ‘0’ and mismatch ‘1’
errors.
³
Bit Error Rate: Displays the bit error rate with a range of 1.0E-14 to
1.0E0.
³
Report: Select the Report button to generate the report file of the
results and statistics. Refer to Report Generation on page 91 to
generate and save a report file.
Multi Protocol Test Set
119
Ethernet BERT Test
Detailed Results
Detailed Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, BERT, Results, and the Detailed tab.
Alarms
³
Pattern Loss: Alarm is raised
when the bit error rate is above 0.2.
³
No Traffic: Alarm is raised when
there is no traffic for a period
specified by the No Traffic Time
configuration. Since the monitoring
starts at the beginning of the test,
this alarm is in an undefined state
for the time configured in the No
Traffic Time field after a test case is started.
³
The Pass/Fail Verdict is displayed on the screen with the help of the
following symbols:
= PASS
= FAIL
Errors
³
Bit Error: A bit error indicates that there are logic errors in the bit
stream. (i.e. zeros that should be ones and vice versa).
³
Mismatch ‘0’: A mismatch ‘0’ error indicates a bit error on a binary ‘0’
(i.e. ones that should be zeros) found in the receiving test pattern only.
³
Mismatch ‘1’: A mismatch ‘1’ error indicates a bit error on a binary ‘1’
(i.e. zeros that should be ones) found in the receiving test pattern only.
Note: The errors are monitored only on the Test Pattern and not on the Ethernet
frame header, CRC, Preamble, or Idle code-group.
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Service Disruption Results
Service Disruption Results
The Service Disruption Results page allows the user to view the results and
change the SDT Threshold parameter dynamically as the test is running.
Press
tab.
³
, select ETHERNET, BERT, Results, and the Service Disruption
Longest (ms): Displays the longest
service disruption time measured
from the beginning of the test. If
the longest SDT is greater than the
configured SDT Threshold, the SDT
will Fail. If the Longest SDT is less
than the SDT Threshold, the SDT
will PASS. Statistics are always
calculated, regardless of the
verdict.
The Pass/Fail Verdict is displayed on the screen with the help of the
following symbols:
= PASS
= FAIL
³
SDT Threshold: Enter the SDT Threshold. The SDT Threshold value
cannot be less than the No Traffic Time value.
³
Shortest (ms): Displays the shortest service disruption time measured
from the beginning of the test.
³
Last (ms): Displays the last or current service disruption time
measured.
Multi Protocol Test Set
121
Ethernet BERT Test
Service Disruption Results
122
³
Average (ms): Displays the average service disruption time from the
beginning of the test.
³
Total (s): Displays the total service disruption time from the beginning
of the test.
³
Service Disruption Count: Displays the number of disruption events,
that is, the number of times the period without traffic exceeded the No
traffic time.
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Ethernet BERT Test
Alarms/Errors
Alarms/Errors
Press
, select ETHERNET, BERT, Results, and the Alarms/Errors tab.
The Alarms/Errors page displays alarms and errors with green, red, or
amber indicators. The error count and the amount of time in seconds that
the alarm remained raised during test execution is also displayed. The
description of each alarm and error is provided as follows:
Alarms
³
Link Down: Indicates that the
Ethernet connection is down. The
Ethernet connection is down when
there is a local or a remote fault
condition.
³
LOS: Indicates a loss of signal on
the optical port.
³
Frequency: A frequency alarm is
raised when the frequency offset of
the receiving signal is over the standard limit (±100 ppm).
Note: The total number of alarmed seconds for Link Down, LOS, and Frequency
is recorded and displayed in the field next to the alarm name.
Note: Alarms/Errors are updated only during test execution.
Multi Protocol Test Set
123
Ethernet BERT Test
Alarms/Errors
The Alarm LEDs are described as follows:
LED Label
Link Down
Color
Green
Link up.
Red
Link down (Current).
Amber
Link down was present (History).
Black
Not applicable.
LOS (loss of signal) Green
Frequency
124
Meaning
No LOS is present during test.
Red
LOS alarm is present (Current).
Amber
LOS was present (History).
Black
Not applicable.
Green
No frequency offset alarm is present
during the test.
Red
Frequency offset alarm is present
(Current).
Amber
Frequency offset alarm was present
(History).
Black
Not applicable.
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Ethernet BERT Test
Alarms/Errors
Errors
³
Symbol (100/1000 Mbps): A Symbol Error is declared when an
invalid code-group in the transmission code is detected.
³
FCS: The number of received frames with an invalid FCS.
³
Alignment (10/100 Mbps): Indicates the number of received
frames without an integral number of octets in length.
³
Jabber: The number of received frames larger than 1518 (no VLAN
tag), 1522 (One VLAN tag), 1526 (Two VLAN tags), or 1530 (3 VLAN
tags) bytes with an invalid FCS.
³
Runt: The number of received frames that are smaller than
64 bytes with an invalid FCS.
³
Undersize: The number of received frames smaller than 64 bytes
with a valid FCS.
The following errors are only available with Half Duplex mode (only for
electrical interface at speeds of 10 Mbps and 100 Mbps).
³
Collision: Indicates the number of collisions on the link.
³
Late Coll.: Indicates the number of collisions that have occurred
after a 64 bytes transmission.
³
Exc. Coll.: Indicates the number of frames that were sent 16 times
unsuccessfully due to consecutive collisions.
The Errors LEDs are described as follows:
Color
Meaning
Green
No error.
Red
A test is running and there is at least one error
present (Current).
Amber
There was at least 1 error reported (History).
Black
Not applicable.
Multi Protocol Test Set
125
Ethernet BERT Test
Logger
Logger
The Logger page allows the user to configure and view the Logger events
based on Event ID, Time, Event, Duration and Details.
Press
³
, select ETHERNET, BERT, and Logger.
Sort By: Select the Sort By
parameter to sort the events.
Choices are ID/Time and Event.
The default setting is ID/Time.
When the Sort By parameter is set
to ID/Time, the Event Logger
entries will be displayed in
numeric ascending order based on
the ID field of the Event Logger
table.
When the Sort By parameter is set to Event, the Event Logger entries
will be displayed in alphanumeric ascending order based on the type
of events.
³
Time Mode: Select the mode of time representation. Choices are
Relative and Absolute. The default setting is Relative.
³
Relative: Displays the time relative to the beginning of the test or
the last test results reset. The format of the time is Dd HH:MM:SS.
³
Absolute: Displays the time relative to the test start time and start
date. The time format depends upon the platform time.
When the platform is configured in 24 hours time format, the time
format in the Time column will be MM/DD HH:MM:SS.
When the platform is configured in 12 hours time format, the time
format in the Time column will be MM/DD HH:MM:SS <AM or
PM>.
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Logger
³
Log Full: Indicates that the logger exceeds its maximum of 500 entries.
The Log Full indicator can have three conditions:
Color
Condition
Green
Log not full
Red
Log full
Black
Test not started
The Logger table provides the Event Logger information with the following
columns:
³
ID: Indicates the event identification number. The events are
sequentially numbered.
³
Time: Indicates when the event has been detected.
³
Event: Provides the event type and threshold crossing information.
³
Duration: Indicates the number of seconds within which the event
occurred.
When the duration is less than 24 hours, the format of Duration will be
HH:MM:SS.
When the duration is greater or equal than 24 hours, the format of
Duration will be Dd HH:MM.
Note: The test events like Test Started and Test Stopped will have no duration.
³
Details: Provides contextual information.
Multi Protocol Test Set
127
Ethernet BERT Test
Logger
The following table displays the nature of information reported by type of
event:
Type of Event
Nature of Information
Test Started
Start Date
Test Stopped
Pass/Fail Verdict
Alarm Events
None
Bit Error Events
Current Count and Total Count
SDT Events
Service Disruption Time
BER Threshold
Crossing Event
Value at the end of the test
Note: The alarm events will not display any details.
Note: The Logger table can display up to 500 event entries. Once the Logger table
reports 500 event entries, the Log Full indicator will change to Red and no
further entries will be possible but the events in the Pending state will be
updated if a test is running.
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Logger
The Event Logger information will be cleared under the following
conditions:
³
When the test is reset or started.
³
When the unit is suspended.
³
When stopping the current test and navigating to other tests.
³
When the unit is restarted.
Note: The entry remains in the Pending state as long as the event is not
completed and it is highlighted in Yellow color.
Note: The Threshold Crossing events are displayed in Red color.
The following tabs are displayed at the bottom of the table:
³
Page Up: Allows to scroll up by one page.
The Page Up button will be read-only if all entries are displayed on one
page.
³
Page Down: Allows to scroll down by one page.
The Page Down button will be read-only if all entries are displayed on
one page.
³
Top/Bottom: Allows to toggle between the top and bottom of the table.
When the bottom of the page is displayed, Top changes to Bottom and
vice versa.
When the top of the page is currently displayed, pressing Bottom will
display the bottom of the page and vice versa.
The Logger table provides the Auto-Scroll feature. It allows to display the
latest events in the table as soon as they occur. Pressing Bottom will allow
to jump to the last entry.
Multi Protocol Test Set
129
Ethernet BERT Test
Logger
Auto-Scroll will be active when:
³
The test is running.
³
The latest event is being displayed.
³
The Sort By parameter is set to ID/Time.
Note: When a test is started and the Sort By parameter is set to ID/Time, the
Auto-Scroll function is active by default.
130
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10 Ethernet Traffic Generation &
Monitoring Test
The main goal of Traffic Generation & Monitoring test is to qualify the
performance of Ethernet or IP network. The Traffic Generation &
Monitoring test can be used to confirm the Service Level Agreements
between service providers and the customers. The Traffic Generation &
Monitoring Test measures simultaneously the following fundamental
criteria:
³
Available bandwidth (Throughput)
³
Frame Loss
³
Transmission Delay (Latency)
³
Delay Variation (Jitter)
³
Out-of-Sequence
Note: The Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test is enabled by a software option.
The Background Streams is a software option, and can only be activated
once the Traffic_Gen software option is activated.
In addition, the Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test offers statistics on
Flow control, Ethernet frame count, and Ethernet frame size.
The Traffic Generation & Monitoring test generates up to four streams i.e.
one main stream and three background streams. The stream properties
are configured independently for each stream. The main stream
parameters are common with the test interface while the three
background streams have individual configuration.
Multi Protocol Test Set
131
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
The Traffic Generation & Monitoring test offers the following structure:
SubMenu
Stream Config: The Stream Config allows
configuring main stream and global test
properties.
Tab
Page
Global Configuration
133
Shaping Configuration
136
Stream Configuration
138
Sequence Configuration
142
Jitter/Latency Configuration
144
Transmit Configuration
148
Stream Configuration
138
Network Configuration
155
Default Gateway
159
VLAN Configuration
161
Results: Result page allows user to not only Summary Results
view the status of the test, but also to
Throughput Results
change certain parameters dynamically as
Sequence Results
the test is running.
162
Background Streams Config: The
background streams are available through
a software option. When the Multiple
Streams software option is enabled, up to 3
background streams are generated. The
three background streams have individual
Transmit, Stream, Network, Default
Gateway, and VLAN configuration.
Logger: Logger page allows you to
configure and view the list of recorded
events with the history of the events
recorded while a test case was running,
including threshold crossing events.
132
168
170
Jitter/Latency Results
174
Alarms/Errors Results
176
Frame Count Results
179
Frame Size Results
180
Flow Control Results
182
Logger
183
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Global Configuration
Global Configuration
The Global page allows configuring the main stream properties and global
test parameters such as duration and rate unit.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Stream
Config, and the Global tab.
³
Rate Unit: Select the unit for the transmission and receive rate.
Choices are Mbps and %. The default setting is Mbps.
³
Duration: Set the duration of the
test. The choices are as follows:.
³
15-Min
³
1-Hour
³
2-Hours
³
4-Hours
³
6-Hours
³
12-Hours
³
24-Hours
³
User Defined
³
Disabled: Runs the test for infinite time. It can be stopped
manually at any point of time.
The default value is Disabled. Select the duration field next to User
Defined and a pop up menu will be displayed to configure the test
duration.
³
TX: Enable or disable main stream transmission. The default value is
Enabled.
³
Framing: Select the frame structure of the main stream. Choices are
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP or Ethernet/IPv6/UDP and Ethernet. The default
setting is Ethernet.
Multi Protocol Test Set
133
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Global Configuration
³
Frame Size (Bytes): Set the frame size for Ethernet and
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP or Ethernet/IPv6/UDP. The default value will be
equal to the minimum frame size or to 64 bytes if the minimum frame
size is under 64 bytes. The minimum frame size varies with the framing
selection, number of VLAN layers configured, and proprietary
information insertion for jitter, latency and sequence tracking.
The following table displays the minimum and maximum frame size:
Minimum Frame Size (Bytes)
Frame
Type
Jitter
Latency
Sequence
Tracking
Ethernet
Yes
No VLAN
Yes
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Maximum
Frame Size
(Bytes)
No
No
Yes
No
84
84
70
80
66
66
48
9600
One VLAN 102
88
88
74
84
70
70
48
9600
Two VLAN 106
92
92
78
88
74
74
48
9600
Ethernet/
No VLAN
84
84
70
80
66
66
52
9600
IPv4/UDP
One VLAN 102
88
88
74
84
70
70
56
9600
Two VLAN 106
92
92
78
88
74
74
60
9600
Ethernet/
No VLAN
118
104
104
90
100
86
86
72
9600
IPv6/UDP
One VLAN 122
108
108
94
104
90
90
76
9600
Two VLAN 126
112
112
98
108
94
94
80
9600
³
134
98
No
98
Payload: Payload is available only when Jitter is disabled. Set the
payload of the frames in hexadecimal format. The accepted range is
from 00 to FF. The default value is CC.
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Global Configuration
³
Throughput Pass/Fail Verdict: Select the type of Throughput
Pass/Fail Verdict criteria. Choices are Current RX Rate, Average RX
Rate, and Disabled. The Current RX Rate correspond to the Average
RX Rate of the last second. The Average RX Rate corresponds to the
average rate since the beginning of the test.
³
Thresholds Min/Max: Set the Minimum and Maximum threshold
values if threshold is enabled.
When the Throughput Pass/Fail Verdict is selected as Current RX
Rate, the Pass/Fail Verdict is declared as Fail as soon as the test-stream
current receive rate is over the maximum threshold or below the
minimum threshold.
When the Throughput Pass/Fail Verdict is selected as Average RX
Rate, the Pass/Fail Verdict is declared as Fail as soon as the test-stream
average receive rate is over the maximum threshold or below the
minimum threshold. The Pass/Fail Verdict is evaluated every second,
the final Pass/Fail Verdict correspond to the verdict at the last second of
the test.
When the Throughput Pass/Fail Verdict is selected as Disabled, the
Pass/Fail Verdict is not displayed.
³
Restore Defaults: Press Restore Defaults to restore the default
configuration for main and background streams.
Multi Protocol Test Set
135
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Shaping Configuration
Shaping Configuration
The main stream is configured to send frames evenly distributed in time
(constant) or to follow a specific shape: square wave burst or repetitive
multiple step ramp.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Stream
Config, and the Shaping tab.
³
Shaping: Select the shape of the main stream. Choices are Constant,
Burst, and Ramp. The default setting is Constant.
The shaping is forced to Constant when Jitter is selected as User
Defined. See Jitter Configuration on page 144.
Constant transfers the frame
continuously according to the
configured TX rate.
Burst transfers the frames at Max
TX Rate during the percentage of
the Burst Period determined by
the Duty cycle parameter.
Ramp transfers the frames by
incrementing successively the
transmit rate up to the Max TX Rate. The transmit rate progression is
divided into a number of Steps. Each step duration is determined by
the Step Time parameter.
³
Burst Duty Cycle: Enter the value of Burst Duty Cycle. This parameter
determines the burst duration within the burst period. The accepted
range is from 1 % to 100 %. The default value is 50 %. The burst duty
cycle parameter is available only when the Burst shaping mode is
selected in the Shaping field.
Period: Determine the burst pattern duration. The accepted range is
from 1 ms to 8000 ms. The default value is 1000 ms.
136
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Shaping Configuration
³
Ramp Nb. of Steps: Enter the number of steps in the ramp pattern. The
accepted range is from 2 to 100. The default value is 10. The Ramp Nb.
of Steps parameter is available only when the Ramp shaping mode is
selected in the Shaping field.
Step Time: Enter the duration of each step that constitutes the ramp.
The accepted range is from 1 ms to 8000 ms. The default value is
1000 ms.
³
TX Rate: Set the transmission rate in terms of a percentage of the line
rate or in Mbps. When the traffic shaping is Constant, the TX Rate
parameter determines the transmission rate in terms of a percentage
of the line rate or in Mbps. When the traffic shaping is Ramp or Burst,
the TX Rate parameter is calculated and represents the average
transmission rate.
³
Max. TX Rate: Determine the maximum transmit rate for Burst or
Ramp shaping mode.
³
Total TX Rate: The Total TX Rate presents the sum of the transmit rate
of all streams enabled for transmission.
Multi Protocol Test Set
137
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
Stream Configuration
The Sequence Tracking parameter determines if proprietary information is
inserted in the payload of the transmitted frames for Frame Loss and
Out-Of-Sequence detection.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Stream
Config, and the Stream tab.
Note: Only Destination MAC Address is configurable, if Ethernet framing is
selected in Global Configuration.
³
Destination MAC Address: Enter the MAC Address if the Resolve MAC
Address is disabled. The default setting is FE:FE:FE:FE:FE:FE.
When the Destination MAC
Address field is selected for
editing, the Latest MAC’s button
appears on the bottom left corner
of the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to
display the list of previously
configured MAC addresses. Select
the desired MAC address from the
list, if any.
³
Resolve MAC Address: Enable or
disable Resolve MAC Address.
The default setting is Disabled.
When enabled, an ARP request is
sent to the network to retrieve the
MAC Address corresponding to
the selected IP address for IPv4.
138
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
When enabled, a Neighbor Solicitation request is sent to the network
to retrieve the MAC Address corresponding to the selected IP address
for IPv6.
If not resolved after 3 seconds, it gives status as Failed. If the MAC
address is resolved then the status is displayed as Resolved. The status
field also displays “--” when the Resolve MAC Address is disabled, and
other status includes Failed, Not Resolved, and Resolved. The default
status is “--”.
³
Destination IP Address: Enter the Destination IP Address.
The default setting for IPv4 is 10.10.0.0, or is set automatically to the IP
address of the target module that is looped up from Remote Loopback
mode. The destination IP address can be configured in
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP mode.
The default setting for IPv6 is
2001:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000, or is set automatically to
the IP address of the target module that is looped up from Remote
Loopback mode. The destination IP address can be configured in
Ethernet/IPv6/UDP mode.
The accepted range for IPv4 is 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. The default
value is 0.0.0.0.
The IPv6 Address can either be the Link-Local IPv6 Address or the
Global IPv6 Address.
The acceptable range for IPv6 is from
000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0001 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF.
³
Quick Ping: Select the Quick Ping button to test if the destination
IP address can be reached. A message will be returned to indicate
if the ping attempt was Successful or Failed.
Note: When a remote module is looped up, the Destination IP Address is not
configurable (read only). When a remote module is looped down, the
Destination IP Address reverts to the previously configured value.
Multi Protocol Test Set
139
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
³
TTL for IPv4 and Hop Limit (TTL) for IPv6
Enter the Time to Live (TTL) value. The accepted range is from
0 to 255 with a default of 128.
³
TOS/DS for IPv4 and Traffic Class (TOS/DS) for IPv6
Select Type of Service (TOS) or Differentiated Services (DS).
Note: It is possible to configure the TOS/DS parameter using either the
hexadecimal code (00 to FF) or binary code.
³
If TOS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or go
to the field underneath to enter the binary
code.
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
Precedence
Value
000 (Routine), 001 (Priority), 010 (Immediate),
011 (Flash), 100 (Flash Override), 101 (CRITIC/ECP),
110 (Internet Control), 111 (Network Control)
Default: 000 (Routine)
Delay
Normal / Low (0/1)
Default: Normal
Throughput
Normal / High (0/1)
Default: Normal
Reliability
Normal / High (0/1)
Default: Normal
Monetary Cost
Normal / Low (0/1)
Default: Normal
Reserved bit
0 or 1
Default: 0
140
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Stream Configuration
³
If DS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or
go to the field underneath to enter the
binary code.
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
DSCP Codepoints
Value
000000 (CS0), 001000 (CS1), 010000 (CS2),
011000 (CS3), 100000 (CS4), 101000 (CS5),
110000 (CS6), 111000 (CS7), 001010 (AF11),
001100 (AF12), 001110 (AF13), 010010 (AF21),
10100 (AF22), 010110 (AF23), 011010 (AF31),
011100 (AF32), 011110 (AF33), 100010 (AF41),
100100 (AF42), 100110 (AF43), 101110 (EF),
Bit
1-6
Default: 000000 (CS0)
ECN
00 (Not-ECT), 01 (ECT-1), 10 (ECT 0),11 (CE)
7-8
Default: 00 (Not-ECT)
³
Flow Label (For IPv6 only): Enter the Flow Label value. The
acceptable range is from 0 to 1048575. The default value is 0.
³
Source/Destination UDP Ports: Enter the Source UDP Port. The
accepted range is from 0 to 65535. The default value is 49184. Enter
the Destination UDP Port. The accepted range is from 0 to 65535. The
default value is 7.
Multi Protocol Test Set
141
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Sequence Configuration
Sequence Configuration
The Sequence Configuration page defines the sequence tracking function
parameters and allows to enable or disable the sequence tracking feature
for the main stream. Sequence tracking functions are based on a sequence
number inserted in the frame/packet payload. This sequence number
allows detecting out-of-sequence and lost frame/packet.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Stream
Config, and the Sequence tab.
³
Sequence Tracking: Enable or
Disable the sequence tracking.
The default value is Enabled. The
sequence tracking determines if
proprietary information is inserted
in the payload of the transmitted
frames for Frame Loss and
Out-Of-Sequence detection.
³
Frame Loss Pass/Fail Verdict:
Select the type of verdict for
declaring the frame loss. Choices are Count, Rate, and Disabled.The
default value is Count.
Threshold: Set the threshold value for declaring the frame loss. The
Frame Loss Pass/Fail verdict is declared as PASS when the count or
rate value is smaller than or equal to the threshold. The Frame Loss
Pass/Fail verdict is declared as FAIL when the count or rate value is
greater than the threshold.
142
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Sequence Configuration
³
Out of Sequence Pass/Fail Verdict: Select the type of verdict for
declaring the number of frames that went out of sequence. Choices
are Count, Rate, and Disabled.
Threshold: Set the threshold value for declaring number of frames that
went out of sequence. The Out-Of-Sequence Pass/Fail verdict is
declared as PASS when the count or rate value is smaller than or equal
to the threshold. The Out-Of-Sequence Pass/Fail verdict is declared as
FAIL when the count or rate value is greater than the threshold.
Multi Protocol Test Set
143
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Jitter/Latency Configuration
Jitter/Latency Configuration
Press , select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Stream
Config, and the Jitter/Latency tab.
Jitter Configuration
³
Jitter: The Jitter parameter allows to enable or disable the Jitter
proprietary information insertion in the payload and offers a
pre-defined selection of profiles.
The following pre-defined profiles are available when frame structure
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP or Ethernet/IPv6/UDP is selected. See Framing on
page 133.
144
³
VoIP G.711
³
VoIP G.723.1
³
VoIP G.729
³
IPTV SDTV (MPEG-2)
³
IPTV HDTV (MPEG-2)
³
IPTV HDTV (MPEG-4)
³
User defined
³
Disabled
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Jitter/Latency Configuration
³
The following pre-defined profiles are available when frame structure
Ethernet is selected.
³
User Defined
³
Disabled
Note: If User Defined is selected, Shaping is forced to Constant. See Shaping on
page 136.
Note: If User Defined is selected, Payload is disabled. See Payload on page 149.
Note: If Disabled is selected, the Jitter meter is disabled. See Jitter on page 165.
Note: When VoIP G.723.1 or VoIP G.729 is selected, Sequence Tracking in
Sequence tab and Latency in the Jitter/Latency tab will be disabled.
The following table displays the supported speed, frame size, and transmit
rate for all Jitter predefined profiles:
For IPv4:
Jitter pre-defined
profile
Supporting speed
Frame size
Transmit rate
VoIP G.711
10/100/1000 Mbps
138 Bytes
0.1264 Mbps
VoIP G.723.1
10/100/1000 Mbps
82 Bytes
0.0271728 Mbps
VoIP G.729
10/100/1000 Mbps
78 Bytes
0.0392 Mbps
IPTV SDTV (MPEG-2)
10/100/1000 Mbps
1374 Bytes
3.972264 Mbps
IPTV HDTV (MPEG-2)
100/1000 Mbps
1374 Bytes
20.539255 Mbps
IPTV HDTV (MPEG-4)
100/1000 Mbps
1374 Bytes
10.592705 Mbps
Multi Protocol Test Set
145
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Jitter/Latency Configuration
For IPv6:
Jitter pre-defined
profile
Supporting speed
Frame size
Transmit rate
VoIP G.711
10/100/1000 Mbps
158 Bytes
0.1424 Mbps
VoIP G.723.1
10/100/1000 Mbps
102 Bytes
0.032533 Mbps
VoIP G.729
10/100/1000 Mbps
98 Bytes
0.0472 Mbps
IPTV SDTV (MPEG-2)
10/100/1000 Mbps
1394 Bytes
4.029255 Mbps
IPTV HDTV (MPEG-2)
100/1000 Mbps
1394 Bytes
20.833936 Mbps
IPTV HDTV (MPEG-4)
100/1000 Mbps
1394 Bytes
10.744681 Mbps
³
Jitter Pass/Fail Verdict: Enable Jitter Pass/Fail Verdict to display Jitter
Pass/Fail Verdict on Jitter/Latency results page.
Threshold: When the Jitter Pass/Fail Verdict is enabled, Threshold
value can be set in milliseconds. Jitter Pass/Fail Verdict is declared as
PASS when the maximum jitter value is smaller than or equal to the
threshold. Jitter Pass/Fail Verdict is declared as FAIL when the
maximum jitter value is greater than the threshold.
146
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Jitter/Latency Configuration
Latency Configuration
³
Latency: The Latency parameter allows to enable or disable the
Latency proprietary information insertion in the payload.
Note: If Disabled is selected, the Latency meter is disabled. See Latency on
page 165.
³
Latency Pass/Fail Verdict: Enable Latency Pass/Fail Verdict to display
Latency Pass/Fail Verdict on the Jitter/Latency results page.
Threshold: When the Latency Pass/Fail Verdict is enabled, Threshold
value can be set in milliseconds. Latency Pass/Fail Verdict is declared
as PASS when the maximum latency value is smaller than or equal to
the threshold. Latency Pass/Fail Verdict is declared as FAIL when the
maximum latency value is greater than the threshold.
Multi Protocol Test Set
147
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Transmit Configuration
Transmit Configuration
The transmit configuration allows to configure the background stream
properties.
Press , select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring,
Background Streams Config, and the Transmit tab.
148
³
Background Stream: Select any
of the three background streams
for which the parameters are to
be configured.
³
TX: Enable or disable the selected
background stream transmission.
The default setting is Enabled.
³
Framing: Select Ethernet,
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP or
Ethernet/IPv6/UDP. The default value is Ethernet.
³
Frame size (Bytes): Set the frame size for Ethernet and
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP or Ethernet/IPv6/UDP frame structure. The default
value will be equal to the minimum frame size or to 64 bytes if the
minimum frame size is under 64 bytes. The minimum frame size varies
with the framing selection and the number of VLAN layers configured.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Transmit Configuration
The following table displays the minimum and maximum frame size:
Frame Type
Ethernet
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP
Ethernet/IPv6/UDP
Minimum
Frame Size
(Bytes)
VLAN
Configuration
Maximum
Frame size
(Bytes)
No VLAN
48
9600
One VLAN
48
9600
Two VLAN
48
9600
No VLAN
52
9600
One VLAN
56
9600
Two VLAN
60
9600
No VLAN
72
9600
One VLAN
76
9600
Two VLAN
80
9600
³
Payload: Set the Payload of the frames in hexadecimal format. The
accepted range is from 00 to FF. The default value is CC.
³
TX Rate: Set the transmission rate in terms of a percentage of the line
rate or in Mbps.
³
Total TX Rate: The Total TX Rate indicates the sum of the transmit rate
of all streams enabled for transmission.
³
Copy Main Stream to All Backgrounds: Select the Copy Main Stream
to All Backgrounds button to copy main stream and interface setup
configuration parameters to background streams configuration.
Multi Protocol Test Set
149
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
Stream Configuration
The stream configuration parameters define the Ethernet, UDP, and IP layer
header values for background streams.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring,
Background Stream Config, and the Stream tab.
Note: Only Background Stream and Destination MAC Address is configurable,
if Ethernet framing is selected in Global Configuration.
³
Background Stream: Select any
of the three background streams
for which the stream parameters
are to be configured.
³
Destination MAC Address: Enter
the MAC address if the Resolve
MAC Address is disabled. The
MAC address range is from
00:00:00:00:00:00 to
FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF. The default
value is FE:FE:FE:FE:FE:FE.
When the Destination MAC
Address field is selected for
editing, the Latest MAC’s button
appears on the bottom left corner
of the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to
display the list of previously
configured MAC addresses. Select
the desired MAC address from the
list, if any.
150
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
³
Resolve MAC Address: Enable or disable Resolve MAC Address. The
default setting is Disabled.
When enabled, an ARP request is sent to the network to retrieve the
MAC Address corresponding to the selected IP address for IPv4.
When enabled, a Neighbor Solicitation request is sent to the network
to retrieve the MAC Address corresponding to the selected IP address
for IPv6.
If not resolved after 3 seconds, it gives status as Failed. If the MAC
address is resolved then the status is displayed as Resolved. The status
field also displays “--” when the Resolve MAC Address is disabled, and
other status includes Failed, Not Resolved, and Resolved. The default
status is “--”.
³
Destination IP Address: Configure the destination IP address in the
Destination IP Address field.
The default setting for IPv4 is 10.10.0.0 or is set automatically to the IP
address of the target module from the Remote Loopback mode. The
destination IP address is configured only when Ethernet/IPv4/UDP is
selected.
The default setting for IPv6 is
2001:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 or is set automatically to
the IP address of the target module from the Remote Loopback mode.
The destination IP address is configured only when Ethernet/IPv6/UDP
is selected.
The accepted range for IPv4 is 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. The default
value is 0.0.0.0.
The IPv6 Address can either be the Link-Local IPv6 Address or the
Global IPv6 Address.
The acceptable range for IPv6 is from
000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0001 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF.
Multi Protocol Test Set
151
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
³
³
Quick Ping: Select the Quick Ping button to test if destination IP
address can be reached. A message will be returned to indicate if
the Ping attempt was Successful or Failed.
TTL for IPv4 and Hop Limit (TTL) for IPv6
Enter the Time to Live (TTL) value. The accepted range is from
0 to 255 with a default of 128.
³
TOS/DS for IPv4 and Traffic Class (TOS/DS) for IPv6
Select Type of Service (TOS) or Differentiated Services (DS).
Note: It is possible to configure the TOS/DS parameter using either the
hexadecimal code (00 to FF) or TOS/DS using binary code.
³
152
If TOS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or
go to the field underneath to enter the
binary code.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
Precedence
Value
Bit
000 (Routine), 001 (Priority), 010 (Immediate),
011 (Flash), 100 (Flash Override),
101 (CRITIC/ECP), 110 (Internet Control),
111 (Network Control)
1-3
Default: 000 (Routine)
Throughput
Normal / High (0/1)
4
Default: Normal
Monetary Cost
Normal / Low (0/1)
5
Default: Normal
Delay
Normal / Low (0/1)
6
Default: Normal
Reliability
Normal / High (0/1)
7
Default: Normal
Reserved bit
0 or 1
8
Default: 0
³
Multi Protocol Test Set
If DS is selected, go to the next field to
enter the hexadecimal code 00 to FF or
go to the field underneath to enter the
binary code.
153
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Stream Configuration
The possible values are shown as follows:
Parameter
DSCP Codepoints
Value
Bit
1-6
000000 (CS0), 001000 (CS1), 010000 (CS2),
011000 (CS3), 100000 (CS4), 101000 (CS5),
110000 (CS6), 111000 (CS7), 001010 (AF11),
001100 (AF12), 001110 (AF13), 010010 (AF21),
10100 (AF22), 010110 (AF23), 011010 (AF31),
011100 (AF32), 011110 (AF33), 100010 (AF41),
100100 (AF42), 100110 (AF43), 101110 (EF),
Default: 000000 (CS0)
ECN
00 (Not-ECT), 01 (ECT-1), 10 (ECT 0),11 (CE)
7-8
Default: 00 (Not-ECT)
154
³
Flow Label (For IPv6 only): Enter the Flow Label value. The
acceptable range is from 0 to 1048575. The default value is 0.
³
Source/Destination UDP Ports: Enter the Source UDP Port. The
accepted range is from 0 to 65535. The default value is 49184. Enter
the Destination UDP Port. The accepted range is from 0 to 65535. The
default value is 7.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Network Configuration
Network Configuration
Network Configuration allows to configure the network parameters for the
background streams.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring,
Background Stream Config, and the Network tab.
When IPv4 version is selected, configure the following fields in the Stream
tab.
³
Background Stream: Select any
of the three background streams
for which the network parameters
are to be configured.
³
IP Address: Configure the source
IP Address for the selected
background stream. The default
IP address is 10.10.0.0.
³
Subnet Mask: Configure the
Subnet Mask for the selected background stream. The accepted range
is from 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. The default value is 255.255.0.0.
³
Default Gateway: Enable or disable the Default Gateway. The default
setting is Enabled. If enabled, enter the default gateway address for
the Ethernet port. The default value is 0.0.0.0.
Multi Protocol Test Set
155
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Network Configuration
When IPv6 version is selected, configure the following fields in the Stream
tab.
1. Background Stream: Select any
of the three background streams
for which the network parameters
are to be configured.
2. Link-Local IPv6 Address (LLA) is
used for local communication
between on-link neighbors and
for Neighbor Discovery process.
Mode
³
StatelessAuto allows automatic generation of the IPv6 address
based on the MAC address. The mode StatelessAuto is selected by
default.
³
Static allows to enter the IP Address.
Address: This field is configurable only when the Mode is Static. The
Link-Local IPv6 Address must start with FE80. The accepted range is
from FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 to
FE80:0000:0000:0000:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF. The default address is
FE80::[Interface ID], where [Interface ID] is generated from the
source MAC address. When the Address field is selected for editing,
the Latest IP’s button appears on the bottom of the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to display the list of previously configured
IP addresses. Select the desired IP address from the list, if any.
3. Global IPv6 Address (GUA) is used to communicate with on-link
neighbors and for global communication with hosts outside the
subnet.
Mode
³
156
None disables the Global IPv6 address and the Default Gateway
address.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Network Configuration
³
StatelessAuto allows automatic generation the IPv6 address based
on the Link-Local address interface ID and the prefix obtained
from the router advertisements. If no Interface ID has been
obtained for the Link Local Address, the Global address will not be
generated. The mode StatelessAuto is selected by default.
³
Static allows to enter the IP Address.
Address: This field is configurable only when the Mode is Static. The
accepted range is from 0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000
to FEFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF. The default address s
2001::[Interface ID], where the [Interface ID] is generated from the
source MAC address. When the IP Address field is selected for editing,
the Latest IP’s button appears on the bottom of the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to display the list of previously configured
IP addresses. Select the desired IP address from the list, if any.
³
Interface ID Coupled: This field is available when the Global IPv6
Address Mode is Static. This field allows to couple the interface ID of
the Global address to the Link-Local source address. Enable or
Disable the Interface ID Coupled. The default setting is Enabled.
When the Interface ID Coupled is Enabled, only the 64 bit (MSB) prefix
ID in the IPv6 address is configurable, and the 64 bit (LSB) Interface ID
is not configurable (read-only).
When the Interface ID Coupled is Disabled, the 64 bit (MSB) Prefix ID
and 64 bit (LSB) Interface ID in the IPv6 address are configurable.
4. Enter the Prefix Mask. This field is only configurable when the Global
IPv6 Address Mode is Static. It allows to specify a prefix that defines the
subnet. The accepted range is
0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:0000:0000:0000:0000. For example:
Global Address: 2001:0DB8:0001:0002:02AA:00FF:FE11:1111
Prefix Mask: FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000
Corresponding Prefix: 2001:0DB8:0001
Multi Protocol Test Set
157
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Network Configuration
Link-Local/Global IPv6 Address Status
Mode
StatelessAuto
Static
158
Status
Description
--
Undefined
Generating
Stateless address
autoconfiguration in progress.
Successful
IP address has been generated
but duplication has been
detected.
Duplication Detected
IP address has been generated
but duplication has been
detected
--
Undefined
DAD Checking
Duplication address detection
in progress.
No Duplication
No duplication has been
detected.
Duplication Detected
Duplication has been detected.
Note that duplicated address is
not assigned to the interface
and consequently unspecified
(::) is assumed.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Default Gateway
Default Gateway
The Default Gateway tab allows the configuration of the default gateway
address to forward packets outside the subnet.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring,
Background Stream Config, and the Default Gateway tab.
Note: The Default Gateway tab is only available when the selected IP version is
IPv6. See IP Version on page 49 to select IPv6 version
³
Background Stream: Select any
of the three background streams
for which the network
parameters are to be configured.
³
Mode:
Automatic allows automatic
selection of the default
gateway. The default setting
is Automatic.
Static allows entering the default gateway IP address.
³
Multi Protocol Test Set
Address: If the Mode is Static, enter the IP address of the Default
Gateway. The accepted range is from
FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 to
FE80:0000:0000:0000:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF. The default address
is FE80:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000. When the Mode
is Automatic, the address field is not configurable.
159
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Default Gateway
Default Gateway Address Status
Status
160
Description
--
Undefined
Checking
Detection in progress to determine if the Default
Gateway is reachable or not.
Unreachable
Default Gateway is unreachable.
Reachable
Default Gateway is reachable.
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Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
VLAN Configuration
VLAN Configuration
VLAN Configuration page allows the user to configure the layers, its priority,
type, and drop eligible.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring,
Background Stream Config, and the VLAN tab.
To configure VLAN settings:
1. Select the Background Stream
for which VLAN parameters are to
be configured.
2. Select the number of VLAN layers
for which VLAN parameters are to
be configured. Choices are None,
1 Layer, and 2 Layers.
3. Enter the VLAN ID. The accepted
range is from 0 to 4095. The
default value is 2. See VLAN on page 296.
4. Select the VLAN Priority. The accepted range is from 0 to 7. The
default value is 0 (Low priority). See VLAN on page 296.
5. Select the VLAN Type. Choices for VLAN Ethernet type are 8100, 88A8,
9100, 9200, and 9300. The default value is 8100 for VLAN 1 and 88A8
for VLAN 2.
6. The Drop Eligible parameter allows the Service VLAN tag (S-TAG) to
convey eight distinct priorities, each with a drop eligible indication.
When enabled (DEI = 1), the drop eligible parameter is encoded in the
DEI of transmitted frames. The drop eligible parameter should be
enabled for a received frame if the DEI is set in the S-TAG or if the
Priority Code Point Decoding Table indicates drop eligible enabled for
the received PCP value. When disabled (DEI=0), the DEI is ignored on
receipt. Drop Eligible is not available when VLAN type is 8100. This
setting is disabled by default.
Multi Protocol Test Set
161
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Summary Results
Summary Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Summary tab.
IMPORTANT
Test results/statistics are cleared when changing test or tool
selection. It is highly advised to generate and save the report once
the current test is completed. Refer to Report Generation on
page 91 to generate and save a report file.
³
Status: The status field displays the current status of the traffic
generation test. The Pass/Fail Verdict is displayed on the screen with
the help of the following symbols:
= PASS
= FAIL
The status displays the following:
³
162
³
“--”: Test is not running and
results are not available.
³
In-Progress: Test is running.
³
Completed: Test is
completed, stopped at the
planned time, or manually
stopped when there is no
set timer.
³
Aborted: Test is interrupted,
test is stopped before the set time.
Start Time: The time when the Traffic Generation and Monitoring test
was started.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Summary Results
³
Frame Loss (F.Loss): A frame loss event is declared when a sequence
number is not received after 20 ms of the previously received frame or
packet.
³
Out-of-Sequence (OOSeq): An out-of-sequence event is declared
when the received frame sequence number is smaller than the
expected frame sequence number.
³
Pause: Pause frames are received to declare the event when valid flow
control frames are injected to interrupt the packet transmission for the
requested pause time.
Multi Protocol Test Set
163
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Summary Results
The Alarm LEDs are described as follows:
LED Label
Frame Loss
(F.Loss)
Out-of-Sequence
(OOSeq)
Pause
164
Color
Meaning
Green
No frame loss declared.
Red
Frame loss declared in the last
second.
Amber
Frame loss was declared (History).
Black
Not applicable.
Green
No out-of-sequence declared.
Red
Out-of-sequence declared in the last
second.
Amber
Out-of-sequence was declared
(History).
Black
Not applicable.
Green
No pause frames received.
Red
At least one pause frame received in
the last second.
Amber
At least one pause frame has been
received since the beginning of the
test.
Black
Not applicable.
³
Duration: The length of time from when the test was started, until
when the test was completed.
³
Throughput: Throughput meter displays current RX rate of the main
stream graphically. The green region is delimited by the minimum and
maximum thresholds corresponding to a PASS verdict. The red regions
beyond the minimum and maximum thresholds corresponds to a FAIL
verdict.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Summary Results
³
Jitter: The Jitter meter displays current Jitter Statistics of the main
stream graphically. The green region as shown in the graph
corresponds to a PASS verdict and the red region corresponds to a
FAIL verdict.
Note: If Jitter is disabled, the Jitter meter will also be disabled.
³
Latency: The Latency meter displays current Latency Statistics of the
main stream graphically. The green region as shown in the graph
corresponds to a PASS verdict and the red region corresponds to a
FAIL verdict.
Note: If Latency is disabled, the Latency meter will also be disabled.
³
TX Rate: Configure the main stream transmission rate in terms of a
percentage of the line rate or Mbps.
Multi Protocol Test Set
165
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Summary Results
³
Frame size (Bytes): Set the frame size for Ethernet and
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP or Ethernet/IPv6/UDP frame structure. The default
value for Ethernet/IPv4/UDP framing mode is 64 bytes. The default
value for Ethernet/IPv6/UDP framing mode is 70 bytes. The minimum
frame size varies with the framing selection and the number of VLAN
layers configured.
The following table displays the minimum and maximum frame size:
Minimum Frame Size (Bytes)
Frame
Type
Jitter
Latency
Sequence
Tracking
Ethernet
Yes
Yes
98
No
No
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Maximum
Frame Size
(Bytes)
No
No
Yes
No
84
84
70
80
66
66
48
9600
One VLAN 102
88
88
74
84
70
70
48
9600
Two VLAN 106
92
92
78
88
74
74
48
9600
Ethernet
No VLAN 98
/IPv4/UDP
One VLAN 102
84
84
70
80
66
66
52
9600
88
88
74
84
70
70
56
9600
Two VLAN 106
92
92
78
88
74
74
60
9600
Ethernet
No VLAN 118
/IPv6/UDP
One VLAN 122
104
104
90
100
86
86
72
9600
108
108
94
104
90
90
76
9600
Two VLAN 126
112
112
98
108
94
94
80
9600
166
No VLAN
Yes
No
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Summary Results
Note: The frame size can be changed for Ethernet frames even when test is
running.
³
Total TX Rate: The Total TX Rate displays the sum of the transmit rate
of all streams enabled for transmission.
³
Total RX Rate: The Total RX Rate displays the sum of the receive rate
of all streams enabled for transmission.
³
Report: Select the Report button to generate the report of the results.
Refer to Report Generation on page 91 to generate and save a report
file.
Multi Protocol Test Set
167
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Throughput Results
Throughput Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Throughput tab.
168
³
TX Rate: Displays the
transmission rate in terms of a
percentage of the line rate or
Mbps. The transmit rate is
displayed individually for main
stream and each background
stream.
³
RX Rate: Displays the receive rate
in terms of a percentage of the
line rate or Mbps. The receive
rate is displayed individually for main stream and each background
stream.
³
Current: Displays average RX rate value of the last second.
³
Average: Displays average RX rate value from the beginning of the
test.
³
Minimum: Displays minimum RX rate value from the beginning of
the test.
³
Maximum: Displays maximum RX rate value from the beginning of
the test.
³
Threshold Min: Set the minimum threshold value. The accepted range
is 0.0 to 100.0 in percentage (0 to 10 in Mbps). The default value in
percentage is 0.0 and in Mbps is 0.
³
Threshold Max: Set the maximum threshold value. The accepted
range is 0.0 to 100.0 in percentage (0 to 10 in Mbps). The default value
in percentage is 100.0 and in Mbps is 10.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Throughput Results
Note: When the Throughput Pass/fail verdict is selected as the Current RX Rate,
the Pass/Fail Verdict is declared as Fail as soon as the test-stream current
receive rate is over the maximum threshold or below the minimum
threshold.
Note: When the Throughput Pass/fail verdict is selected as the Average RX Rate,
the Pass/Fail Verdict is declared as Fail as soon as the test-stream average
receive rate is over the maximum threshold or below the minimum
threshold. The Pass/Fail Verdict is evaluated every second and the final
Pass/Fail Verdict correspond to the verdict at the last second of the test. See
Throughput Pass/Fail Verdict on 135.
Multi Protocol Test Set
169
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Sequence Results
Sequence Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Sequence tab.
Statistics for Frame Loss Parameters
Frame Loss is declared when a missing sequence number is not received
within the next 20 ms. The frame loss parameters are applied to the main
stream only.
³
³
Seconds: Displays the total number of seconds in which one or
more Frame Loss event occurred.
³
Count: Displays the total
number of times the Frame
Loss event occurred.
³
Rate: Displays the rate of
frames that are lost during
transmission.
Threshold: Set the threshold
value for Count or Rate as per the
selected type of verdict. See
Frame Loss Pass/Fail Verdict on
page 142.
= PASS
= FAIL
170
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Sequence Results
The Alarm LEDs are described as follows:
LED Label
Frame Loss
Multi Protocol Test Set
Color
Meaning
Green
No frame loss declared.
Red
Frame loss declared in the last
second.
Amber
Frame loss was declared (History).
Black
Not applicable.
171
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Sequence Results
Statistics for Out-Of-Sequence Frames
Out-Of-Sequence is declared when a frame/packet has its sequence
number smaller than the previously received frame/packet. The
out-of-sequence parameters are applied to the main stream only.
³
³
Seconds: Displays the total number of seconds in which one or
more Out-Of-Sequence event occurred.
³
Count: Displays the total number of times the Out-Of-Sequence
event occurred.
³
Rate: Displays the rate of frames that are received out of order.
Threshold: Set the threshold value for Count or Rate as per the
selected type of verdict. See Out-Of-Sequence Pass/Fail Verdict on
page 143.
= PASS
= FAIL
172
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Sequence Results
The Alarm LEDs are described as follows:
LED Label
Out-of-Sequence
Color
Meaning
Green
No out-of-sequence declared.
Red
Out-of-sequence declared in the last
second.
Amber
Out-of-sequence was declared
(History).
Black
Not applicable.
Statistics for Total Frame Count
³
RX: Displays the total number of frames that are received.
³
TX: Displays the total number of frames that are transmitted.
Multi Protocol Test Set
173
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Jitter/Latency Results
Jitter/Latency Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Jitter/Latency tab.
Note: The Jitter/Latency parameters are calculated for the main stream only.
Jitter Statistics:
³
174
³
Current: Displays average
of the measured delay
variation values of the last
second for the main
stream.
³
Average: Displays average
of the measured delay
variation values from the
beginning of the test for
the main stream.
³
Minimum: Displays minimum measured delay variation value from
the beginning of the test for the main stream.
³
Maximum: Displays maximum measured delay variation value
from the beginning of the test for the main stream.
³
Estimate: Displays last jitter estimate value based on an
exponential filter of 1/16 for the main stream.
Threshold: When the Jitter Pass/Fail Verdict is enabled, Threshold
value can be set in milliseconds. Jitter Pass/Fail verdict is declared as
PASS when the maximum jitter value is smaller than or equal to the
threshold. Jitter Pass/Fail verdict is declared as FAIL when the
maximum jitter value is greater than the threshold.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Jitter/Latency Results
Latency Statistics:
³
³
Current: Displays average of the measured delay values of the last
second.
³
Average: Displays average of the measured delay values from the
beginning of the test.
³
Minimum: Displays minimum measured delay value from the
beginning of the test.
³
Maximum: Displays maximum measured delay value from the
beginning of the test.
Threshold: When the Latency Pass/Fail Verdict is enabled, Threshold
value can be set in milliseconds. Latency Pass/Fail verdict is declared
as PASS when the maximum latency value is smaller than or equal to
the threshold. Latency Pass/Fail verdict is declared as FAIL when the
maximum latency value is greater than the threshold.
Note: Delay variation measurements smaller than 15 us are discarded.
Note: Only the round-trip latency can be measured (loopback testing topology).
Multi Protocol Test Set
175
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Alarms/Errors Results
Alarms/Errors Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Alarms/Errors tab.
The Alarms/Errors page displays the alarms and errors with green, red, or
amber indicators. The error count and the amount of time in seconds that
the alarm remained raised during the test execution is also displayed. The
description of each alarm and error is described as follows:
Alarms
³
Link Down: Indicates that the
Ethernet connection is down. The
Ethernet connection is down when
there is local or remote fault
condition.
³
LOS: Indicates a loss of signal on
the optical port.
³
Frequency: A frequency alarm is
raised when the frequency offset of
receiving signal is over the standard limit (±100 ppm).
Note: The total number of alarmed seconds for Link Down, LOS, and Frequency
is recorded and displayed in the field next to the alarm name.
Note: Alarms/Errors are updated only during test execution.
176
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Alarms/Errors Results
The Alarm LEDs are described as follows:
LED Label
Link Down
Color
Green
Link up.
Red
Link down (Current).
Amber
Link down was present (History).
Black
Not applicable.
LOS (loss of signal) Green
Frequency
Meaning
No LOS is present during test.
Red
LOS alarm is present (Current).
Amber
LOS was present (History).
Black
Not applicable.
Green
No frequency offset alarm is present
during the test.
Red
Frequency offset alarm is present
(Current).
Amber
Frequency offset alarm was present
(History).
Black
Not applicable.
Errors
³
Symbol: A symbol error is declared when an invalid code group in the
transmission is detected.
³
FCS: The number of received frames with invalid FCS.
³
Alignment: Indicates the number of received frames without an
integral number of octets in length.
³
Jabber: The number of received frames larger then 1518 (no VLAN
tag), 1522 (One VLAN tag) or 1526 (Two VLAN tags) bytes with invalid
FCS.
Multi Protocol Test Set
177
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Alarms/Errors Results
³
Runt: The number of received frames that are smaller than 64 bytes
with invalid FCS.
³
Undersized number of received frames that are smaller than 64 bytes
with valid FCS.
The following errors are available with half duplex mode (only for
electrical interface at speeds of 10 and 100 Mbps).
³
Collision: Indicates the number of collisions on the link.
³
Late Coll: Indicates the number of collisions that have occurred after a
64 byte transmission.
³
Exec. Coll: Indicates the number of frames that were sent 16 times
unsuccessfully due to consecutive collisions.
The Errors LEDs are described as follows:
Color
178
Meaning
Green
No error.
Red
A test is running and there is at least one error
present (Current).
Amber
There was at least 1 error reported (History).
Black
Not applicable.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Frame Count Results
Frame Count Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Frame Count tab.
³
Multicast: Displays the number
of multicast frames transmitted
and received with a valid FCS
and multicast destination MAC
address.
³
Broadcast: Displays the number
of broadcast frames transmitted
and received with a valid FCS
and broadcast destination MAC
address.
³
Unicast: Displays the number of unicast frames transmitted and
received with a valid FCS and a unicast destination MAC address.
³
Non-Unicast: Displays the sum of multicast and broadcast frames with
a valid FCS.
³
Total: Displays the total number of frames transmitted and received
with a valid FCS.
Multi Protocol Test Set
179
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Frame Size Results
Frame Size Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Frame Size tab.
180
³
RX Count: The RX Count
parameter gives the count of
each received frames (with or
without FCS error).
³
%: The % parameter gives the
percentage ratio of each
received frames (with or without
FCS error) based on the total
count of frames.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Frame Size Results
The following table displays the received frame size count statistics:
Frame size
Description
<64
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size smaller than 64 bytes
64
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size of 64 bytes
65-127
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size greater than 64 bytes but
smaller than 128 bytes
128-255
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size greater than or equal to
128 bytes but smaller than 256 bytes
256-511
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size greater than or equal to
256 bytes but smaller than 512 bytes
512-1023
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size greater than or equal to
512 bytes but smaller than 1024 bytes
1024-1518
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size greater than or equal to
1024 bytes but smaller than or equal to 1518 bytes
>1518
The total number of frames received with an
Ethernet frame size greater than 1518 bytes
Total
The total number of frames received
Multi Protocol Test Set
181
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Flow Control Results
Flow Control Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, Results,
and the Flow Control tab.
Statistics for Pause Time
³
Maximum: Displays the
maximum pause time
received from the link
partner.
³
Total: Displays the total of all
pause time received from the
link partner.
³
Unit: Select the unit to
determine the total pause
time and maximum pause time. Choices are Quanta and ms. The
default setting is Quanta.
1 Quanta = 512 bits-time
Statistics for RX Count
182
³
Pause Frames: Displays the total number of valid flow control
frames received, excluding Abort Frames RX.
³
Abort Frames: Displays the total number of valid Flow Control
frames received that contained a zero value of Pause Time.
³
Total: Displays the total number of valid flow control frames
received including Abort Frames RX.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Logger
Logger
The Logger page allows the user to configure and view the Logger events
based on Event ID, Time, Event, Duration and Details.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Traffic Generation & Monitoring, and
Logger.
³
Sort By: Select the Sort By
parameter to sort the events.
Choices are ID/Time and Event.
The default setting is ID/Time.
When the Sort By parameter is set
to ID/Time, the Event Logger
entries will be displayed in
numeric ascending order based on
the ID field of the Event Logger
table.
When the Sort By parameter is set to Event, the Event Logger entries
will be displayed in alphanumeric ascending order based on the type
of events.
³
Time Mode: Select the mode of time representation. Choices are
Relative and Absolute. The default setting is Relative.
³
Relative: Displays the time relative to the beginning of the test or
the last test results reset. The format of the time is Dd HH:MM:SS.
³
Absolute: Displays the time relative to the test start time and start
date. The time format depends upon the platform time.
When the platform is configured in 24 hours time format, the time
format in the Time column will be MM/DD HH:MM:SS.
When the platform is configured in 12 hours time format, the time
format in the Time column will be MM/DD HH:MM:SS <AM or
PM>.
Multi Protocol Test Set
183
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Logger
³
Log Full: Indicates that the logger exceeds its maximum of 500 entries.
The Log Full indicator can have three conditions:
Color
Condition
Green
Log not full
Red
Log full
Black
Test not started
The Logger table provides the Event Logger information with the following
columns:
³
ID: Indicates the event identification number. The events are
sequentially numbered.
³
Time: Indicates when the event has been detected.
³
Event: Provides the event type and threshold crossing information.
³
Duration: Indicates the number of seconds within which the event
occurred.
When the duration is less than 24 hours, the format of Duration will be
HH:MM:SS.
When the duration is greater or equal than 24 hours, the format of
Duration will be Dd HH:MM.
Note: The test events like Test Started and Test Stopped will have no duration.
³
184
Details: Provides contextual information.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Logger
The following table displays the nature of information reported by type of
event:
Type of Event
Nature of Information
Test Started
Start Date
Test Stopped
Pass/Fail Verdict
Alarm Events
None
Current Throughput
Threshold Minimum
Crossing Event
Minimum value while under the threshold
Current Throughput
Threshold Maximum
Crossing Event
Maximum value reach while above the
threshold
Average Throughput
Threshold Minimum
Crossing Event
Value at the end of the test
Average Throughput
Threshold Maximum
Crossing Event
Value at the end of the test
Jitter Threshold
Crossing Event
Maximum value while above the threshold
Latency Threshold
Crossing Event
Maximum value while above the threshold
Frame Loss Rate
Threshold Crossing
Event
Value at the end of the test
OOSeq Rate Threshold Value at the end of the test
Crossing Event
Multi Protocol Test Set
185
Ethernet Traffic Generation & Monitoring Test
Logger
Note: The alarm events will not display any details.
Note: The Logger table can display up to 500 event entries. Once the Logger table
reports 500 event entries, the Log Full indicator will change to Red and no
further entries will be possible but the events in the Pending state will be
updated if a test is running.
The Event Logger information will be cleared under the following
conditions:
³
When the test is reset or started.
³
When the unit is suspended.
³
When stopping the current test and navigating to other tests.
³
When the unit is restarted.
Note: The entry remains in the Pending state as long as the event is not
completed and it is highlighted in Yellow color.
Note: The Threshold Crossing events are displayed in Red color.
The following tabs are displayed at the bottom of the table:
³
Page Up: Allows to scroll up by one page.
The Page Up button will be read-only if all entries are displayed on one
page.
³
Page Down: Allows to scroll down by one page.
The Page Up button will be read-only if all entries are displayed on one
page.
³
Top/Bottom: Allows to toggle between the top and bottom of the table.
When the bottom of the page is displayed, Top changes to Bottom and
vice versa.
When the top of the page is currently displayed, pressing Bottom will
display the bottom of the page and vice versa.
186
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Logger
The Logger table provides the Auto-Scroll feature. It allows to display the
latest events in the table as soon as they occur. Pressing Bottom will allow
to jump to the last entry.
Auto-Scroll will be active when:
³
The test is running.
³
The latest event is being displayed.
³
The Sort By parameter is set to ID/Time.
Note: When a test is started and the Sort By parameter is set to ID/Time, the
Auto-Scroll function is active by default.
Multi Protocol Test Set
187
11 Ethernet Smart Loopback Test
The Smart Loopback test allows looping back an Ethernet data stream
simply based on the interface setup parameters. The incoming frames are
re-transmitted after exchanging the source and destination addresses at
multiple layers (Ethernet MAC, IP, UDP).
Statistics
Press
, and select ETHERNET, Smart Loopback. Press
to start or
stop the test. The Smart Loopback statistics are displayed as follows:
³
Rate Unit: Select the rate unit as % or Mbps.
³
TX Rate: Transmission rate as a
percentage of the line rate or
Mbps.
³
RX Rate: Receive rate as a
percentage of the line rate or
Mbps.
³
Total TX Frame Count: The Total TX frame count includes all frames
transmitted (related and not related to the test).
³
Total RX Frame Count: The Total RX frame count includes all frames
received (related and not related to the test).
³
Start Time: The time when the Smart Loopback test was started.
³
Duration: The length of time from when the test was started, until
when the test was completed.
Note: Half duplex mode is not supported while in Smart Loopback.
Multi Protocol Test Set
189
12 Ethernet Tools
The tools available on the AXS-200/855 Multi Protocol Test Set are Ping,
Trace Route, and Report. The Tools menu offers the following structure:
SubMenu
Ping
Trace Route
Cable Test
Multi Protocol Test Set
Tab/Page
Page
Ping Configuration
192
Ping Results
194
Ping Statistics
197
Trace Route Configuration
198
Trace Route Results
199
Cable Test Configuration
202
Cable Test Results - Summary
205
Cable Test Results - Wire Map
207
Cable Test Results - Delay/Length
211
191
Ethernet Tools
Ping Configuration
Ping Configuration
The Ping tool is used to determine if a network device is reachable.
Press
³
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Ping, and the Configuration tab.
IP Address: Enter the IP address of
the network device to be detected.
The default setting for IPv4 is
10.10.0.0 or is set automatically to
the IP address of the target module
from the Remote Loopback mode.
The destination IP address is
configured only when
Ethernet/IPv4/UDP is selected.
The default setting for IPv6 is
2001:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000 or is set automatically to
the IP address of the target module from the Remote Loopback mode.
The destination IP address is configured only when Ethernet/IPv6/UDP
is selected.
The accepted range for IPv4 is 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. The default
value is 0.0.0.0.
The IPv6 Address can either be the Link-Local IPv6 Address or the
Global IPv6 Address.
The acceptable range for IPv6 is from
000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0001 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF.
192
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Ping Configuration
When the IP Address field is
selected for editing, the Latest IP’s
button appears on the bottom of
the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to
display the list of previously
configured IP addresses. Select the
desired IP address from the list, if
any.
³
Timeout (ms): Enter the maximum time allowed between an ICMP
echo and response. Choices are 200 ms to 10000 s. The default setting
is 4000 ms.
³
Delay (ms): Enter the delay between each attempt (PING). Choices
are 100 to 10000 ms. The default setting is 1000 ms.
³
Data Size (Bytes): Enter the buffer size that will be sent to the network
device to be detected. Choices are 0 to 1452 bytes. Default value is
32 bytes.
³
TTL for IPv4 and Hop Limit (TTL) for IPv6
Enter the maximum number of hops the packet can go through.
Choices are 1 to 255. The default setting is 128.
³
TOS for IPv4 and Traffic Class (TOS) for IPv6
Enter the type of service. Choices are 00 to FF. The default setting is 00.
³
Flow Label (For IPv6 Only): Enter the Flow Label value. The
acceptable range is from 0 to 1048575. The default value is 0.
³
Attempts Select n-Attempts to specify the number of ping requests to
send following a ping activation or select Continuous to ping
continuously until manually stopped. If n-Attempts is selected, enter
the number of ping attempts from 1 to 100 (default setting is 4 and
Continuous is disabled).
Multi Protocol Test Set
193
Ethernet Tools
Ping Results
Ping Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Ping, and the Results tab.
IMPORTANT
Test results/statistics are cleared when changing test or tool
selection. It is highly advised to generate and save the report once
the current test is completed. See Report Generation on page 91 to
generate and save a report file.
To succeed, a Ping command shall be acknowledged by the network
device within a given delay (Timeout). Typically a Ping command can fail
for the following reasons:
³
The IP address is unavailable
or unknown.
³
The time allowed to perform
the Ping command is too short.
³
The remote device is not
supporting ICMP messaging.
The Ping results are displayed with the
following columns:
³
194
No.: Indicates the attempt number.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Ping Results
³
Status: Indicates the status of the attempt as follows:
Status
Multi Protocol Test Set
Description
Successful
Valid ICMP echo reply received.
Aborted
When a user has manually stopped the Ping function
before the end of attempts.
Time Out
When an ICMP echo reply was not received within the
defined timeout.
Dest. Invalid
Specified IP address is reserved for IPv4 and IPv6.
TTL Expired
When the number of TTL was insufficient to reach the
destination host.
Unreachable
When the IP address is unreachable (no default
gateway for an IP address, not in the same subnet, or
the MAC address is unresolved).
Data
Corrupted
Parameter problem message is received or data
corruption is found.
Discarded
Congestion has been detected and the request cannot
be transmitted. It is only applicable for the IPv4
version.
Packet Too
Big
Packet Too Big message is received in response to a
packet that the router cannot forward because the
packet is larger than the MTU of the outgoing link. It is
only applicable for the IPv6 version.
Undefined
For any other errors in Ping that do not fall into one of
the above description.
195
Ethernet Tools
Ping Results
³
Replied From: Indicates the IP address of the replier.
³
Bytes: Indicates the buffer size of the ICMP echo response.
³
Time: Indicates the time of response in milliseconds.
³
TTL: Indicates the TTL of the ICMP echo response.
Note: For IPv6 version, Bytes, Time and Hop
Limit (TTL is replaced with Hop
Limit for IPv6) will be displayed
below the Details column.
³
196
Report: Select the Report button
to generate a report of the ping
results. See Report Generation on
page 91 to generate and save a
report file.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Ping Statistics
Ping Statistics
Press
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Ping, and the Statistics tab.
IMPORTANT
Test results/statistics are cleared when changing test or tool
selection. It is highly advised to generate and save the report once
the current test is completed. See Report Generation on page 91 to
generate and save a report file.
³
Packets Transmitted: Indicates the
number of sent packets.
³
Packets Received: Indicates the
number of received packets.
³
Percentage Lost: Indicates the
percentage of packets lost.
³
Minimum Round Trip Time (ms):
Indicates the minimum time
recorded for a Ping request to be answered.
³
Maximum Round Trip Time (ms): Indicates the maximum time
recorded for a Ping request to be answered.
³
Average Round Trip Time (ms): Indicates the average time required
for a Ping request to be answered.
Multi Protocol Test Set
197
Ethernet Tools
Trace Route Configuration
Trace Route Configuration
Trace Route is used to obtain the list of all hops identified between the
local port (AXS-200/855 ) and the destination IP port.
Press
tab.
³
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Trace Route, and the Configuration
IP Address: Enter the IP address of
the network device to be detected.
The accepted range for IPv4 is
0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255. The
default value is 0.0.0.0.
The acceptable range for IPv6 is
from
000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0000:0
000:0001 to
FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF.
When the IP Address field is
selected for editing, the Latest
IP’s button appears on the bottom
of the screen. Press the
corresponding function key to
display the list of previously
configured IP addresses. Select
the desired IP address from the
list, if any.
198
³
Timeout (ms): Enter the
maximum time allowed between an ICMP echo and response at each
hop. Choices are 200 ms to 10000 ms. The default setting is 4000 ms.
³
Max Hop Count: Enter the maximum network device the packet is
allowed to go through. Choices are 1 to 255. The default setting is 128.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Trace Route Results
Trace Route Results
Press
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Trace Route, and the Results tab.
IMPORTANT
Test results and statistics are cleared when changing test or tool
selection. It is highly advised to generate and save the report once
the current test is completed. See Report Generation on page 91 to
generate and save a report file.
To succeed, a Trace Route command shall be acknowledged by the
network device within a given delay. Typically a Trace Route command
can fail for the following reasons:
³
The IP address is unavailable or unknown.
³
The time allowed to perform the Trace Route command is too
short.
³
The remote device is not supporting ICMP messaging.
The Trace Route results are displayed with the following columns:
For IPv4
Multi Protocol Test Set
For IPv6
199
Ethernet Tools
Trace Route Results
³
No.: Indicates the attempt number.
³
Status: Indicates the status of the attempt.
Status
200
Description
Successful
Valid ICMP echo reply received.
Aborted
When a user has manually stopped the Trace
Route function before the end of attempts.
Time Out
When an ICMP echo reply was not received
within the defined timeout.
Dest. Invalid
Specified IP address is reserved for IPv4 and
IPv6.
Hop Reached
When a Time Exceeded message is received
from a host while executing the Trace Route
function.
Unreachable
When the IP address is unreachable (no
default gateway for an IP address, not in the
same subnet, or the MAC address is
unresolved).
Data Corrupted
Parameter problem message is received or
data corruption is found.
Discarded
Congestion has been detected and the
request cannot be transmitted. It is only
applicable for the IPv4 version.
Packet Too Big
Packet Too Big message is received in
response to a packet that the router cannot
forward because the packet is larger than the
MTU of the outgoing link. It is only applicable
for the IPv6 version.
Undefined
For any other errors in Trace Route that do
not fall into one of the above description.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Trace Route Results
³
Replied From: Indicates the IP address of the replier.
³
Time: Indicates the time of response in milliseconds.
³
Report: Select the Report button to generate a report of the trace route
results. See Report Generation on page 91 to generate and save a
report file.
Multi Protocol Test Set
201
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Configuration
Cable Test Configuration
The cable test tool is used to diagnose UTP twisted pairs cables (up to
Category 6e/Class E).
Cable test can be performed everywhere in the network where an
electrical 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet interface is available for testing. Only
the pairs used by the Ethernet signal will be tested. For 10Base-T and
100Bast-TX, pair 2 and 3 will be tested; for 1000Base-T, all pairs will be
tested. However, if the Ethernet signal is unknown, all four pairs will be
tested.
Even if a link up is not required when testing with a far end equipment, it is
preferable to have the far end equipment powered up to maximize the
cable test results.
Supported Ethernet cable categories are: Category 3/Class C, Category 4,
Category 5, Category 5e/Class D, and Category 6e/Class E.
Note: Cable test is only available when the Transceiver Mode is set to Electrical
(Refer to Port on page 46).
The cable test Configuration tab allows to select the UTP wiring scheme,
the length unit, and to enable and set the Pass/Fail verdict threshold
parameters.
Press
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Cable Test, Configuration, and the
Configuration tab.
202
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Configuration
Wiring Standard: Select the pin-to-pair
assignment corresponding to the UTP
cable used. Choices are T568A and
T568B. The default setting is T568A.
³
Length Unit: Select the unit that will be used for cable length and
distance to fault results. Choices are Meter and Feet. The default
setting is Meter.
³
Pass/Fail Verdict: Enable Pass/Fail Verdict to display the Pass/Fail
verdict on the cable test result pages. The default setting is enabled.
Note: The following parameters are only available when the Pass/Fail Verdict is
enabled.
Multi Protocol Test Set
203
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Configuration
204
³
Prop. Delay Threshold (ns): Set the threshold value as the maximum
time for a pulse to reach the far end. If the determined propagation
delay is less than or equal to the threshold value, the test is declared as
PASS. If the determined propagation delay is higher than the threshold
value, the test is declared FAIL. The accepted range is 0 to 1000 ns
with a default value of 1000 ns for 10Mbps, 556 ns for 100Mbps, and
570 ns for 1Gbps.
³
Delay Skew Threshold (ns): Set the threshold value as the maximum
time between the fastest and slowest pairs of a 1000Base-T signal. If
the determined delay skew is less than or equal to the threshold value,
the test is declared as PASS. If the determined delay skew is higher
than the threshold value, the test is declared FAIL. The accepted range
is 0 to 120 ns with a default value of 50 ns.
³
Length Threshold (m/ft): Set the threshold value as the maximum
acceptable cable length. If the determined cable length is less than or
equal to the threshold value, the test is declared as PASS. If the
determined cable length is higher than the threshold value, the test is
declared FAIL. The accepted range is 0 to 120 m or 0 to 393.7 feet with
a default value of 100 m (328 ft).
³
Restore Threshold Defaults: Restores the default configuration values
for Prop. Delay Threshold, Delay Skew Threshold, and Length
Threshold.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Results - Summary
Cable Test Results - Summary
The cable test result Summary tab gives the cable test status and Pass/Fail
verdict, when enabled. The worst pair’s Wire Map, Prop. Delay, Delay
Skew, and Length results are also displayed with the Pass/Fail verdict
(when enabled).
Note: Cable test is only available when the Transceiver Mode is set to Electrical
(Refer to Port on page 46).
Press
³
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Results, and the Summary tab.
Status: The progress Status of the
cable test is indicated as follows:
³
Idle (test has not started)
³
In Progress
³
Completed
The Pass/Fail verdict is displayed,
when enabled, once the cable test
is completed. If the worst Wire
Map, Prop. Delay, Delay Skew, and Length Pass/Fail verdict are all
PASS, the test is declared as PASS. If one of the Wire Map, Prop. Delay,
Delay Skew, and Length Pass/Fail verdict is FAIL, the test is declared as
FAIL.
Wire Map: Indicates the Wire Map result for the pair having the worst
Wire Map. The distance to fault is also displayed when a fault is
identified. The Pass/Fail verdict is also displayed when enabled. See
Cable Test Results - Wire Map for more details. For details on Pass/Fail
verdict, see page 210.
Prop. Delay (ms): Indicates the propagation delay value for the pair
having the longest propagation delay. The Pass/Fail verdict is also
displayed when enabled. See Cable Test Results - Delay/Length on
page 211 for more details.
Multi Protocol Test Set
205
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Results - Summary
Delay Skew (ns): Indicates the delay skew value for the pair having the
worst delay skew. The Pass/Fail verdict is also displayed when enabled.
The Delay Skew result is only available for 1000Base-T interface when
the link is up.
Length (m/ft): Indicates the length for the pair having the worst cable
length value. The Pass/Fail verdict is also displayed when enabled. See
Cable Test Results - Delay/Length on page 211 for more details.
Note: When no value is available, “--” is displayed.
³
The Pass/Fail verdict is also displayed for each test parameter when
enabled. To set the Pass/Fail verdict, see Pass/Fail Verdict on page 202.
= PASS
= FAIL
³
206
Report: Select the Report button to generate the report file of the
results and statistics. See Report Generation on page 91 to generate
and save a report file.
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Results - Wire Map
Cable Test Results - Wire Map
The cable test result Wire Map tab gives the cable pinout, and connectivity
errors for each pair. The fault distance is also displayed when a fault is
identified. The Pass/Fail verdict is also displayed when enabled.
Note: Cable test is only available when the Transceiver Mode is set to Electrical
(Refer to Port on page 46).
Press
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Results, and the Wire Map tab.
³
Pair: Indicates the pair number.
³
Pins: Indicates the pair’s pin
numbers and color of each wire
corresponding to the selected
wiring standard (see page 203).
Multi Protocol Test Set
W-BL
=
White-Blue
BL
=
Blue
W-O
=
White-Orange
O
=
Orange
W-G
=
White-Green
G
=
Green
W-BR
=
White-Brown
BR
=
Brown
207
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Results - Wire Map
Wire Map Test Result: Gives the wire map test result for each pair.
When the link is up: The wire map result for each pair is given as seen
by the AXS-200/855 to get a link up. This means that the wire map
result may not correspond to the type of cable tested depending on the
cable(s) used and/or the configuration of the cable mode (MDI, MDIX,
or autodetection) on both the AXS-200/855 and the far end equipment.
For example, two crossed pair cables end to end used between the
AXS-200/855 and a far end equipment may give a straight pair (MDI)
wire map result.
MDI: Straight pair.
MDIX: Crossed pair.
MDI (-): For 1Gbps, straight pair with swapped wires within pair.
MDIX (-): For 1Gbps, crossed pair with pair A swapped with pair B
and/or pair C swapped with pair D.
Noise: Excessive noise on a pair most likely caused by a link
partner running in 10/100Mbps forced mode. In this case, no
propagation delay or length is reported and there is no comparison
with any threshold.
Note: For 1Gbps, both MDI and MDIX can be reported simultaneously since
crossed pairs detection is performed independently for pairs A-B and C-D.
208
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Results - Wire Map
When the link is down:
Short: Short-circuit between Tip and Ring wires of a pair or Tip or
ring wire of a pair is connected with an alien wire grounded.
Open: No cable plugged in, remote end open, or either one or two
wires of a pair are not connected.
Short-between-pairs: Short between one or two wires of a pair
with one or two wires of another pair. Short between more than
two pairs, including one or two wires for each pair.
Noise: Excessive noise on a pair most likely caused by a link
partner running in 10/100Mbps forced mode. In this case, no
distance is reported and there is no comparison with any
threshold.
Unknown: No fault has been identified but the link is down. To
maximize the cable test result, it is preferable to have the far end
equipment powered up.
Note: Refer to Ethernet Cables on page 286 for cable pinout.
Multi Protocol Test Set
209
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Results - Wire Map
³
Fault Dist. (m/ft): Gives the distance to fault from the near end for
each pair, unless the problem is due to excessive noise. Noise may be
due to electrical noise causing communication error.
Note: When no value is available, “--” is displayed.
³
The Pass/Fail verdict is also displayed for each pair when enabled. To
enable the Pass/Fail verdict, see Pass/Fail Verdict on page 202.
= PASS
= FAIL
If the determined Wire Map is either MDI, MDIX, MDI (-), MDIX (-), or
Noise (Link up), the test is declared as PASS. If the determined Wire
Map is either Short, Short-between-pair, Open, Noise (Link down), or
Unknown, the test is declared as FAIL.
210
AXS-200/805/855
Ethernet Tools
Cable Test Results - Delay/Length
Cable Test Results - Delay/Length
The cable test result Delay/Length tab gives the propagation delay and
cable length for each pair. The Pass/Fail verdict is also displayed for
propagation delay and cable length (when enabled).
Note: Cable test is only available when the Transceiver Mode is set to Electrical
(Refer to Port on page 46).
Press
, select ETHERNET, Tools, Results, and the Delay/Length tab.
³
Pair: Indicates the pair number.
³
Pins: Indicates the pair’s pin
numbers and color of each wire
corresponding to the selected
wiring standard (see page 203).
Multi Protocol Test Set
W-BL
=
White-Blue
BL
=
Blue
W-O
=
White-Orange
O
=
Orange
W-G
=
White-Green
G
=
Green
W-BR
=
White-Brown
BR
=
Brown
211
13 T1-A and T1-B Tests
T1-A and T1-B are fully independent DS1 tests that provides a means for
testing two circuits at once. It allows dual independent tests capability to
insert and detect alarms/errors.
Setup Configuration
The Setup page allows to set up the T1-A/T1-B test parameters as
explained below.
Press
³
, select DSn/PDH, T1-A or T1-B, and Setup.
Mode: Select the test mode.
Choices are Monitor, Term-DSX,
Bridged (T1-A only), CSU/NIU
Emulation, Frac-T1, Term-7.5,
Term-15, and Term-22.5. The
default setting is Monitor.
Note: The AXS-805/855 transmitter is off in
Monitor and Bridged modes.
Monitor: Select this mode if monitoring at a DSX (–20 dB) point or at a
monitor port on a Smart jack (NIU).
Term-DSX: Select this mode to perform intrusive testing, for e.g. send
loopbacks, straight away BERT tests, etc.
Bridged: Available with the T1-A interface only. Select this mode for
monitoring at a high impedance point. The AXS-805/855 receiver is
placed in a >1 k ohm high impedance state for monitoring RX or TX
lines.
Multi Protocol Test Set
213
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Setup Configuration
CSU/NIU Emulation: Select this mode to configure the DS1 test system
to respond to CSU, NIU-4, and NIU-5 (SMART JACK) loopbacks. In a
loopback mode the AXS-805/855 recovers the RCV data and loops it to
the TX. You must first configure the T1-A/T1-B test in any Term mode
and then select CSU/NIU Emulate. The clocking should be
Network/looped-timed (NW) for this mode.
Frac-T1: Select this mode to test contiguous and non-contiguous DS0’s.
Select the desired channel or all desired channel numbers.
Term-7.5: Select this mode to change the transmit level of the
AXS-805/855 to 7.5 dB +/- 2 dB.
Term-15: Select this mode to change the transmit level of the
AXS-805/855 to 15 dB +/- 2 dB.
Term-22.5: Select this mode to change the transmit level of the
AXS-805/855 to 22.5 dB +/- 2 dB.
214
³
Clocking: Select the clock source. Choices are Network/looped-timed
(NW) and Internal Clock (INT). The default setting is
Network/looped-timed (NW). Clocking is disabled if Mode is set as
Monitor, or Bridged.
³
Framing: Select the framing. Choices are ESF, D4, SLC96, Unframed,
and Auto. The default setting is ESF (Extended Superframe). When
Auto is set, it detects the incoming framing signal.
³
Coding: Select the coding. Choices are B8ZS and AMI. The default
setting is B8ZS.
AXS-200/805/855
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Setup Configuration
³
BERT: Select the test pattern that will be generated. Choices are OFF,
Auto, QRSS, 3 in 24, 1:7, 1 in 8, All 1's, All 0's, 1:1 Alt, DALY, 2^15-1,
2047, 2 in 8, and 1 in 16. The default setting is OFF.
OFF: Disables the BERT pattern.
Auto: Detects and uses the incoming BERT pattern.
QRSS: Industry standard Quasi-Random Signal is formed from 20 Bits
with max of 14 consecutive zeros.
3 in 24: Three ones in 24 bits used to stress AMI lines (0100 0100 0000
0000 0000 0100).
1:7,1 in 8: This pattern uses a single one in an eight-bit (0100 000)
repeating sequence. This pattern stresses the minimum ones density
of 12.5%.
All-1’s: All data content is 1’s 1111. In unframed mode this will be
interpreted as AIS.
All-0’s: All data content is 0’s 0000.
1:1 Alt: Alternates 1 and 0, …1010.
DALY: Pattern that obeys pulse density and consecutive zeros in both
AMI and B8ZS coding.
2^15-1: Quasi-random sequence of 32767 bits which contains up to
14 consecutive zero’s.
2047: 2047 Bit sequence commonly used for 64 K DS0 channel testing
(DDS)
2 in 8: Two 1’s in 8 bits, used for stress testing AMI & B8ZS lines
1 in 16: Violates 1’s density but stresses clock recovery circuitry
Multi Protocol Test Set
215
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Facility Results
Facility Results
Press
, select DSn/PDH, T1-A or T1-B, Results, and the Facility tab.
³
CLEAR: Select CLEAR to reset the
counters, clear the history of
alarms and restart the test time.
³
Test Time displays the time
elapsed since the beginning of
the test. The time is reset when
using the CLEAR button.
³
INSERT: Select all errors to be
injected and press the INSERT
button to start the injection. Error insertion is not available in Monitor
and Bridged test mode.
Available errors are Bit Error, BPV, and Frame Loss.
³
Alarms - CNT, or SEC: indicates the alarm types and allows the
selection of the count (CNT) or the total number of seconds in which
one or more alarm occurred (SEC).
LOS (Loss Of Signal): Indicates loss of network signal or connection on
a networking device. If its encountered, it is an indication that the
cable connected to the network device is bad, has no connection on
the other end, network is improperly configured, or the network device
itself is bad.
OOF (Out Of Frame): Indicates that four consecutive frame bit errors
are detected.
AIS (Alarm Indication Signal.): Occurs when an AIS signal (all 1s) is
detected at the input, and still exists after the LOF alarm is declared
active (caused by the unframed nature of the all 1s signal). The AIS
alarm is cleared when the LOF alarm is cleared.
216
AXS-200/805/855
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Facility Results
RAI (Remote Alarm Indication): Indicates that the far-end equipment
has a problem with the signal that it receives from the local equipment.
UAS (Unavailable Seconds): Indicates seconds of SES after 10
consecutive seconds of SES.
³
Events - CNT, BER, ES, EFS, %EFS, or SES: indicates the event types
and allows the selection of the count (CNT), Bit Error Rate (BER),
count of Errored Second (ES), count of Error Free Second (EFS),
percentage of Error Free Second (%EFS), or count of Severely Errored
Second (SES).
CRC (Cyclic Redundancy): Occurs when the error is received in the
payload.
BPV (Bipolar Violation): Occurs when the next successive pulse in
transmission, is of the same polarity at the previous pulse.
Fbits (Fbits is Framing Bit error): Indicates that an incorrect value
appeared in a bit position reserved for framing.
1’s Den: Occurs when 1’s density has been violated.
Exz (Excessive Zeroes): EXZ or EZ is a type of error event in DS1 T1/E1
and DS3 T3/E3 interfaces when an AMI-coded signal occurs more than
fifteen contiguous zeroes. For a B8ZS coded signal, the defect occurs
when more than seven contiguous zeroes are detected.
Note: When there is no error, event, and bit
error, the NO ERRORS is displayed if
Show NO ERRORS is selected (see
Show NO ERRORS on page 255).
Multi Protocol Test Set
217
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Facility Results
Note: When there is no error and event, but
bit error(s), the BERT ERRORS is
displayed if Show NO ERRORS is
selected (see Show NO ERRORS on
page 255).
³
BERT Pattern
The pattern selected in the setup page is displayed. However BERT
OFF is displayed when the BERT is set to OFF in the setup page.
The field next to the
pattern indicates if either
the received pattern
matches the configured
pattern (Pat SYNC) or not
(NO SYNC).
BERT
Pattern
The field next to the Pat
SYNC/NO SYNC indicates
the count or the
percentage of pattern
error depending on the unit selection: count (CNT), Bit Error Rate
(BER), count of Errored Second (ES), count of Error Free Second
(EFS), percentage of Error Free Second (%EFS), or count of Severely
Errored Second (SES).
218
³
PULSES indicates that valid T1 pulses are received.
³
FRAMED A black LED indicates that Framing in the test setup page is
set to Unframed or Auto, otherwise the LED should be green.
AXS-200/805/855
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Facility Results
³
B8ZS: A green LED indicates that B8ZS code word is detected,
otherwise the LED should be black if no code word is detected. B8ZS
is a type of line coding. This can also be set through the test setup page.
B8ZS is Bipolar 8 Zero’s Substitution. 8 consecutive zero-level voltages
are replaced by the sequence 000VB0VB, where V is violation and B is
bipolar. V means the same polarity as the polarity of previous non zero
pulse and B means the polarity opposite to the polarity of the previous
non zero pulse.
³
Signal, Slips, and RTD
Allows to either displays the signal, slips, or Round Trip Delay (RTD)
status.
³
³
Signal status displays the received signal frequency (Hz) and its
level (dBdsx and Vpp). If no signal is received, NO SIGNAL is
displayed.
³
Slips displays the received clock slips. A reference clock must be
connected on the T1-B RX port. Slips compare the T1-A clock to
the reference T1-B clock and displays the slips count (Slips) and
difference in frequency deviation in Hz (Dev). If no signal clock is
received, NO REFERENCE is displayed.
³
RTD displays the measured round trip delay in ms. RTD is not
available with Monitor and Bridged test modes.
Report: Select the Report button to generate a report for the test. Refer
to Report Generation on page 91 to generate and save a report file.
Multi Protocol Test Set
219
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Signaling Results
Signaling Results
Press
220
, select DSn/PDH, T1-A or T1-B, Results, and the Signaling tab.
³
CHAN indicates the 24 DS0
channels associated with the
T1-A/T1-B test.
³
T1-A/T1-B displays the received
ABAB for D4 or ABCD ESF
signaling bits for the associated
T1-A and T1-B test port.
AXS-200/805/855
T1-A and T1-B Tests
Freq. Analyzer Results
Freq. Analyzer Results
Freq. Analyzer is only available on port T1-A.
Press
, select DSn/PDH, T1-A, Results, and the Freq. Analyzer tab.
³
DS0 PCM allows to enable (ON)
or disable (OFF) the DS0 channel
PCM decoding that gives the
received signal frequency and
level.
³
DS0 Channel allows to select the
DS0 channel for which the
decoded channel and PCM
content will be displayed.
³
Test Time displays the time elapsed since the beginning of the test. The
time is reset when using the CLEAR button (see Facility Results on
page 216).
³
Channel Content displays the data that is being transmitted (TX) and
received (RX) in binary and hexadecimal formats for the selected DS0
channel.
³
Received FREQ displays the received signal frequency in Hz for the
selected DS0 channel if the DS0 PCM ON/OFF is enabled.
³
Received LEVEL displays the received signal level in dBm for the
selected DS0 channel if the DS0 PCM ON/OFF is enabled.
Multi Protocol Test Set
221
T1-A and T1-B Tests
T1-A/T1-B Loopbacks
T1-A/T1-B Loopbacks
Loopbacks are not available with Monitor and Bridged test modes.
Press
, select DSn/PDH, T1-A or T1-B, and Loopbacks.
Loopbacks
Loopbacks are divided into 5 different categories. Selecting a loopback
from one of the 5 categories will automatically set to None the remaining
4 categories. Available loopbacks are listed by category as follow:
³
HDSL
NREM loops the remote HTU-R
towards the network.
NLOC loops the HTU-C toward
the network.
NDU1 loops 1st doublers towards
the network.
NDU2: loops 2nd doublers
towards the network.
CREM, from CPE, loops the HTU-C towards CPE.
CLOC loops local HTU-R towards CPE.
CDU1 loops 1st doublers towards the CPE.
CDU2 loops 2nd Doublers towards the CPE.
ARM places HDSL / T1 elements into diagnostic mode for detection of
loopbacks.
HTU-R loops HTU-R towards the Network.
HTU-C loops HTU-C towards Network.
HRE-1 loops 1st Extender towards Network.
HRE-2 loops 2nd Extender towards Network.
222
AXS-200/805/855
T1-A and T1-B Tests
T1-A/T1-B Loopbacks
³
In-band
CSU loops the T1 CSU towards the network.
NIU5 (fac2) SMART JACK loops the NIU towards the Network.
³
Data-link
FDL-Payload loops only the payload towards the network, uses the
FDL link (ESF only).
FDL-LINE loops the entire DS1 at the CSU towards the Network, uses
the FDL link (ESF only).
FDL-Network loops the NIU towards the Network, uses the FDL link
(ESF only).
³
Repeater
IOR (Intelligent Office Repeater) loops the office repeater.
ILR1 to ILR20 loops the addressable line repeaters #1 – 20.
ILR-PL is an Intelligent Line Repeater Power Loop.
ILR-PD is an Intelligent Line Repeater Power Down.
³
Local
Self-Loop loops the transmitter (TX) of the AXS-200/805/855 to its
receiver (RX).
Local-NW: loops the receiver (RX) of the AXS-200/805/855 to the
transmitter (TX), manual DS1 loopback towards the network.
LoopUp and LoopDown
³
LoopUp sends the selected loop up command.
³
LoopDown sends the selected loop down command.
³
Stop terminates the sending of the LoopUp or LoopDown command.
The status of the loopback command is displayed in the field located at the
bottom of the screen.
Multi Protocol Test Set
223
14 PRI-ISDN Test
With the optional ISDN PRI capabilities, technicians can test from the
customer’s premises and emulate their equipment. With any butt set or
analog phone, users can talk and listen over the ISDN network. In an effort
to make testing smooth and efficient, the AXS-200/855 PRI option also
allows the ability to place/receive calls and hold 23 or 30 active channels so
a technician can then selectively choose to talk, listen or run a BER test
over any channel. Having Q.931 codes allows technicians to further
troubleshoot the call setup and make sure that the call setup, maintenance
and tear-down are properly carried out.
Note: The PRI-ISDN interface uses the T1-B/E1-B port. Refer to PRI - DUAL DS1/E1
Port on page 19 for cable connection.
Setup Configuration
The Setup page allows the user to set up the PRI-ISDN test parameters as
explained below.
Press
³
, select DSn/PDH, PRI-ISDN, and Setup.
Switch Type: Select the switch
type of the circuit under test.
Choices are National ISDN-2,
Nortel DMS 100, AT&T 5ESS,
At&T 4ESS, Euro: ISDN,
Euro: VN6, Euro: 1TR6,
Euro: QSIG, Asia: NTT,
Asia: KDD, Hong Kong, and
Korea.
For DS1, the default setting is USA
& Canada.
For E1, the default setting is Euro: ISDN.
Multi Protocol Test Set
225
PRI-ISDN Test
Setup Configuration
³
Country: Select the country. Choices are USA & Canada, Euro-ISDN,
France, Germany, Japan, Hong Kong, and Korea.
For DS1, the default setting is USA & Canada.
For E1, the default setting is Euro: ISDN.
³
Mode: Select the test mode. Choices are TE (Terminal Equipment CPE) and NT (Network - Switch). Default setting is TE.
³
Clocking: Select the clock mode. Choices are
Network/looped-timed (NW) and Internal Clock (INT). Default
setting is Network/looped-timed (NW).
³
BERT: Select the BERT pattern. Choices are OFF, 2047, 511, All-1's,
All-0's, and 1:1 Alt. Default setting is OFF.
OFF: Disables the BERT pattern.
2047: 2,047 Bit sequence commonly used for channel testing (DDS).
511: pseudorandom pattern that generates a maximum of 8 sequential
zeros and 9 sequential ones.
All-1’s: all data content is 1’s 1111. In unframed mode this will be
interpreted as AIS.
All -0’s: all data content is 0’s 0000.
1:1 Alt: alternates 1 and 0, …1010.
³
226
Local Number and Store Local button: Allows to set a local phone
number as caller ID that will be sent to the remote called station. Enter
the phone number or a caller ID in the Local Number field and use the
Store Local button to save it.
AXS-200/805/855
PRI-ISDN Test
Facility Results
Facility Results
Press
, select DSn/PDH, PRI-ISDN, Results, and the Facility tab.
Call history list
Link Status
³
CLEAR STATUS: allows to reset the call history list. The call history list
displays the ISDN status messages.
Note: Once cleared, the call history information is lost and will not appear in a
test report.
³
Test Time displays the time elapsed since the beginning of the test. The
time is reset when using the CLEAR ERROR button.
³
Link Status indicates the status of the link.
LINK ACTIVE indicates that a network signal or connection has been
established on a networking device and the unit is now ready to take or
make calls.
Multi Protocol Test Set
227
PRI-ISDN Test
Facility Results
LOSS of SIGNAL: indicates loss of network signal or connection on a
networking device. If LOS is encountered, it is an indication that the
cable connected to the network device is bad, has no connection on
the other end, network is improperly configured, or the network device
itself is bad.
³
BERT: allows the selection of the BERT B-CHANNEL number.
For DS1, choices are OFF and 1 to 23.
For E1, choices are OFF and 1 to 30.
³
TALK: allows the selection of the Talk B-CHANNEL number
For DS1, choices are OFF and 1 to 23.
For E1, choices are OFF and 1 to 30.
Note: While multiple calls can be established, only one BERT will be running, and
only one call can be routed to the talk-set interface.
³
Goto Answer is available when an incoming call is received. Use it to
go rapidly to the Answer page.
³
Goto HangUp is available when an incoming call is received or a call is
established. Use it to go rapidly to the HangUp page.
³
CLEAR ERROR resets the counters, resets the alarm LED, resets the
BERT pattern indication and restarts the test time
³
INSERT ERROR allows you to generate one bit error.
³
BERT Pattern
The pattern selected in the setup page is displayed. However BERT
OFF is displayed when the BERT is set to OFF in the setup page.
The field next to the pattern indicates if either the received pattern
matches the configured pattern (Pat SYNC) or not (NO SYNC).
228
AXS-200/805/855
PRI-ISDN Test
Making a Call (DIAL)
If there was a pattern
loss, but the received
pattern is now in sync,
the field shows PAT
LOST till CLEAR ERROR
is pressed.
Note: Pattern synchronization is
not possible when a DS3 test
is using a BERT pattern.
BERT
Pattern
The field next to the Pat SYNC/LOST indicates the count or the
percentage of pattern error depending on the unit selection: count
(CNT), Bit Error Rate (BER), count of Errored Second (ES), count of
Error Free Second (EFS), percentage of Error Free Second (%EFS), or
count of Severely Errored Second (SES).
³
Report: Select the Report button to generate a report for the test. Refer
to Report Generation on page 91 to generate and save a report file.
Making a Call (DIAL)
Press
, select DSn/PDH, PRI-ISDN, Results, and the DIAL tab.
³
Voice allows to place a voice call.
³
Raw Data allows to place a data
call.
³
3.1k Audio allows to place an
audio call.
³
B Channel: Select the desired
(unused) B-channel upon which
to place the call.
For DS1
Multi Protocol Test Set
229
PRI-ISDN Test
Making a Call (DIAL)
³
Phone#: Enter the phone
number of the remote station to
call or select the phone number
from the list of up to 10 last dialed
numbers using the Last Dial
Number button. Refer to Show
last dialed numbers on page 256
for more information.
³
Dial allows to initiate the call.
For E1
230
AXS-200/805/855
PRI-ISDN Test
Receiving a Call (Answer)
Receiving a Call (Answer)
Press
, select DSn/PDH, PRI-ISDN, Results, and the Answer tab.
The Answer tab allows to answer the
incoming call. The Answer tab is
available only when receiving an
incoming call.
³
The numbers shows calls in
queue. To answer to a call, select
the call number from the list and
press the select button.
Typically, call numbers from 1 to 23 (DS1) or 30 (E1) are voice calls, 121
to 243 (DS1) or 250 (E1) are data calls, and 181 to 203 (DS1) or 210 (E1)
are audio calls.
³
To answer a call, select the channel with the corresponding call ID and
press the select button.
³
BChannel indicates the channel corresponding to the selected call ID.
Multi Protocol Test Set
231
PRI-ISDN Test
Terminating a Call (HangUp)
Terminating a Call (HangUp)
Press
, select DSn/PDH, PRI-ISDN, Results, and the HangUp tab.
The HangUp tab allows to
disconnect/hang up a call. The
HangUp tab is available only when at
least one incoming call is waiting or
has been answered.
³
To hang up a call, select the call
number from the list and press
the select button.
³
To terminate a call, select the
channel with the corresponding call ID.
For DS1
For E1
232
AXS-200/805/855
15 E1-A and E1-B Tests
E1-A and E1-B are fully independent E1 tests that provides a means for
testing two circuits at once. It allows dual independent tests capability to
insert and detect an alarms/errors.
Setup Configuration
The Setup page allows the user to set up the E1-A test parameters as
explained below.
Press
³
, select DSn/PDH, E1-A or E1-B, and Setup.
Mode: Select the test mode.
Choices are Monitor 120 (ohm),
Term 120 (ohm), Bridged (E1-A
only), Frac-E1 (Nx64),
Monitor 75 (ohm), and
Term 75 (ohm). The default
setting is Monitor 120 (ohm).
Note: The AXS-805/855 transmitter is off in
Monitor and Bridged modes.
Note: When using the EXFO proprietary RJ48 to quad BNC cable, consider that
the cable has an integrated 120 ohms to 75 ohms impedance converter.
This means that with the EXFO proprietary RJ48 to BNC cable, the Monitor
75 (ohm) and Term 75 (ohm) test modes should not be used.
Monitor 120 (ohm): Select this mode to match the line impedance of
the circuit to which you are connecting to the system.
Term 120 (ohm): Select this mode to set the transmitter and receiver
at the same impedance. It is the impedance reflected in a terminate
mode.
Bridged: Available with the E1-A interface only. Select this mode for
monitoring at a high impedance point. The AXS-805/855 receiver is
placed in a >1 k ohm high impedance state for monitoring RX or TX
lines.
Multi Protocol Test Set
233
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Setup Configuration
Frac-E1 (Nx64): Select this mode to test contiguous and
non-contiguous E0’s. Select desired channel or all desired channel
numbers.
Monitor 75 (ohm): Select this mode to match the line impedance of
the circuit to which you are connecting to the system.
Term 75 (ohm): Select this mode to set the transmitter and receiver at
the same impedance. It is the impedance reflected in a terminate
mode.
234
³
Clocking: Select the clock source. Choices are Network/looped-timed
(NW) and Internal Clock (INT). The default setting is
Network/looped-timed (NW). Clocking is disabled if Mode is set as
Monitor 120 (ohm), Bridged, or Monitor 75 (ohm).
³
Framing: Select the framing. Choices are PCM31 (FAS),
PCM30 (MFAS), PCM31+CRC, PCM30+CRC, and Unframed. The
default setting is PCM31+CRC.
³
Coding: Select the coding. Choices are HDB3 and AMI. The default
setting is HDB3.
AXS-200/805/855
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Setup Configuration
³
BERT: Select the test pattern. Choices are OFF, Auto, QRSS, 3 in 24,
1:7, 1 in 8, All 1's, All 0's, 1:1 Alt, DALY, 2^15-1, 2047, 2 in 8, and
1 in 16. The default setting is OFF.
OFF: Disables the BERT pattern.
Auto: Detects and uses the incoming BERT pattern.
QRSS: Industry standard Quasi-Random Signal is formed from 20 Bits
with max of 14 consecutive zeros.
3 in 24: Three ones in 24 bits used to stress AMI lines (0100 0100 0000
0000 0000 0100).
1:7,1 in 8: This pattern uses a single one in an eight-bit (0100 000)
repeating sequence. This pattern stresses the minimum ones density
of 12.5%.
All-1’s: All data content is 1’s 1111. In unframed mode this will be
interpreted as AIS.
All-0’s: All data content is 0’s 0000.
1:1 Alt: Alternates 1 and 0, …1010.
DALY: Pattern that obeys pulse density and consecutive zeros in both
AMI and B8ZS coding.
2^15-1: Quasi-random sequence of 32767 bits which contains up to
14 consecutive zero’s.
2047: 2047 Bit sequence commonly used for 64 K E0 channel testing
(DDS).
2 in 8: Two 1’s in 8 bits, used for stress testing AMI & B8ZS lines.
1 in 16: Violates 1’s density but stresses clock recovery circuitry
³
INVERT BERT: Allows to invert the selected BERT pattern meaning that
every 0 will be changed for 1 and every 1 for 0. The default setting is
OFF.
Multi Protocol Test Set
235
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Facility Results
Facility Results
Press
, select DSn/PDH, E1-A or E1-B, Results and the Facility tab.
³
CLEAR: Select CLEAR to reset the
counters, clear the history of
alarms and restart the test time.
³
Test Time displays the time
elapsed since the beginning of
the test. The time is reset when
using the CLEAR button.
³
INSERT: Select all errors to be
injected and the automatic alarm
generation, then press the INSERT button to start the
injection/generation. The INSERT button is not available in
Monitor 75 (ohm), Monitor 120 (ohm), and Bridged test modes.
Available errors are Bit Error, BPV, and Auto E-bit.
Automatic alarm generation are AIS, RAI, or OFF. Always press the
INSERT button to apply a new Auto Alarm Gen selection.
³
Alarms - CNT, or SEC: indicates the alarm types and allows the
selection of the count (CNT) or the total number of seconds in which
one or more alarm occurred (SEC).
LOS (Loss Of Signal): Indicates loss of network signal or connection on
a networking device. If LOS is encountered, it is an indication that the
cable connected to the network device is bad, has no connection on
the other end, network is improperly configured, or the network device
itself is bad.
OOF (Out Of Frame): Indicates that four consecutive frame bit errors
are detected.
236
AXS-200/805/855
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Facility Results
AIS (Alarm Indication Signal): Occurs when an AIS signal (all 1s) is
detected at the input, and still exists after the LOF alarm is declared
active (caused by the unframed nature of the all 1s signal). The AIS
alarm is cleared when the LOF alarm is cleared.
RAI (Remote Alarm Indication): Indicates that the far-end equipment
has a problem with the signal that it receives from the local equipment.
UAS (Unavailable Seconds): Indicates seconds of SES after 10
consecutive seconds of SES.
³
Events - CNT, BER, ES, EFS, %EFS, or SES: indicates the event types
and allows the selection of the count (CNT), Bit Error Rate (BER),
count of Errored Second (ES), count of Error Free Second (EFS),
percentage of Error Free Second (%EFS), or count of Severely Errored
Second (SES).
CRC (Cyclic Redundancy): Occurs when the error is received in the
payload.
BPV (Bipolar Violation): Occurs when the next successive pulse in
transmission, is of the same polarity at the previous pulse.
Fbits (Framing Bit error): Indicates that an incorrect value appeared in
a bit position reserved for framing.
FEBE (Far End Block Error): Is an alarm signal, which indicates the
transmitting node that the receiver has detected a block error.
Note: When there is no error, event, and bit
error, the NO ERRORS is displayed if
Show NO ERRORS is selected (see
Show NO ERRORS on page 255).
Multi Protocol Test Set
237
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Facility Results
Note: When there is no error and event, but
bit error(s), the BERT ERRORS is
displayed if Show NO ERRORS is
selected (see Show NO ERRORS on
page 255).
³
BERT Pattern
The pattern selected in the setup page is displayed. However BERT
OFF is displayed when the BERT is set to OFF in the setup page.
The field next to the
pattern indicates if either
the received pattern
matches the configured
pattern (Pat SYNC) or not
(NO SYNC).
BERT
Pattern
The field next to the Pat
SYNC/NO SYNC indicates
the count or the
percentage of pattern
error depending on the unit selection: count (CNT), Bit Error Rate
(BER), count of Errored Second (ES), count of Error Free Second
(EFS), percentage of Error Free Second (%EFS), or count of Severely
Errored Second (SES).
238
³
PULSES indicates that valid E1 pulses are received.
³
FRAMED indicates black LED if Framing in the test setup page is set to
Unframed or Auto, otherwise the LED should be green.
AXS-200/805/855
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Facility Results
³
Signal, Slips, and RTD
Allows to either displays the signal, slips, or Round Trip Delay (RTD)
status.
³
³
Signal status displays the received signal frequency (Hz) and it
level (dBm and Vpp). If no signal is received, NO SIGNAL is
displayed.
³
Slips displays the received clock slips. A reference clock must be
connected on the E1-B RX port. Slips compare the E1-A clock to
the reference E1-B clock and displays the slips count (Slips) and
difference in frequency deviation in Hz (Dev). If no signal clock is
received, NO REFERENCE is displayed.
³
RTD displays the measured round trip delay in ms. RTD is not
available with Monitor 75 (ohm), Monitor 120 (ohm), and
Bridged test modes.
Report: Select the Report button to generate a report for the test. Refer
to Report Generation on page 91 to generate and save a report file.
Multi Protocol Test Set
239
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Signaling Results
Signaling Results
Press
240
, select DSn/PDH, E1-A or E1-B, Results and the Signaling tab.
³
CHAN displays all 30 E0 channels
associated with the E1-A/E1-B
test.
³
E1-A/E1-B displays the received
signaling bits for the associated
E1-A and E1-B test port.
AXS-200/805/855
E1-A and E1-B Tests
Freq. Analyzer Results
Freq. Analyzer Results
Freq. Analyzer is only available on port E1-A.
Press
, select DSn/PDH, E1-A, Results and the Freq. Analyzer tab.
³
E0 PCM allows to enable (ON) or
disable (OFF) the E0 channel
PCM decoding that gives the
received signal frequency and
level.
³
E0 Channel allows to select the
E0 channel for which the
decoded channel and PCM
content will be displayed.
³
Test Time displays the time elapsed since the beginning of the test. The
time is reset when using the CLEAR button (see Facility Results on
page 236).
³
Channel Content displays the data that is being transmitted (TX) and
received (RX) in binary and hexadecimal formats for the selected E0
channel.
³
Received FREQ displays the received signal frequency in Hz for the
selected E0 channel if the E0 PCM ON/OFF is enabled.
³
Received LEVEL displays the received signal level in dBm for the
selected E0 channel if the E0 PCM ON/OFF is enabled.
Multi Protocol Test Set
241
E1-A and E1-B Tests
E1-A/E1-B Loopbacks
E1-A/E1-B Loopbacks
Loopbacks are not available with Monitor 75 (ohm), Monitor 120 (ohm),
and Bridged test modes.
Press
³
, select DSn/PDH, E1-A or E1-B, and Loopbacks.
Local: Select the local loopback
type.
Self-Loop loops the transmitter
(TX) of the AXS-200/805/855 to its
receiver (RX).
Local-NW: loops the receiver
(RX) of the AXS-200/805/855 to
the transmitter (TX), manual DS1
loopback towards the network.
³
LoopUp sends the selected loop up command.
³
LoopDown sends the selected loop down command.
³
Stop terminates the sending of the LoopUp or LoopDown command.
The status of the loopback command is displayed in the field located at the
bottom of the screen.
242
AXS-200/805/855
16 DS3 Test
Allows DS3 test capability to insert and detect alarms/errors.
Setup Configuration
The Setup page allows the to set up the DS3 test parameters as explained
below.
Press
³
, select DSn/PDH, DS3, and Setup.
Mode: Select the test
mode. Choices are
Monitor, Term-DSX,
Term DSX-HI, THRU,
and THRU-NoGen. The
default setting is
Term-DSX.
Monitor: Select this
mode if monitoring at a
DSX (–20 db) point or
monitor port of a DS3
NIU.
Note: The AXS-805/855 transmitter is off in Monitor mode.
Multi Protocol Test Set
243
DS3 Test
Setup Configuration
Term-DSX: Select this mode to perform intrusive DS3 tests, for e.g.
straight-away BERT tests, loopbacks, NIU emulation, etc.
Term DSX-HI: Changes the transmit signal to a rectangular pulse of
0.90 V.
THRU: Select this mode for intrusive through-mode testing.
Through-mode allows you to place the AXS-805/855 in series with a
RCV or XMT pair for monitoring errors and alarms. The AXS-805/855
receive recovers the DS3 signal and passes it to the transmit circuitry,
framing and signal format is regenerated.
THRU-NoGen: Select this mode for intrusive through-mode testing
with framing and signal format passing directly through transmit
circuitry without regenerating framing errors, BPV, alarms, etc. Any
error detected on the RCV pair will be passed through XMT pair. The
AXS-805/855 still captures and display all received errors.
244
³
Clocking: Select the clock source. Choices are Network/looped-timed
(NW) and Internal Clock (INT). The default setting is
Network/looped-timed (NW).
³
Framing: Select the framing. Choices are C-bit, M13, Unframed, and
Auto. The default setting is Auto. When Auto is selected, it detects the
incoming framing signal.
³
Coding: B3ZS coding is always selected for DS3, you cannot change
this setting.
AXS-200/805/855
DS3 Test
Setup Configuration
³
BERT: Select the test pattern that will be generated. Choices are OFF,
2^23-1, 2^20-1, 2^15-1, QRSS, 1010, 1111, 1100, TxIDLE, TxAIS,
TxRAI, 1000, and 3in24. The default setting is OFF.
OFF: Disables the BERT pattern.
2^23-1 is a 23 stage shift register, emulates random data.
2^20-1 is a 20 stage shift register, emulates random data.
2^15-1 is a 15 stage shift register, emulates random data.
QRSS industry standard Quasi-Random Signal is formed from 20 Bits
with max of 14 consecutive zeros.
1010 simulates RAI in non-ANSI elements.
1111 simulates AIS in non-ANSI elements.
1100 simulates IDLE in non-ANSI elements.
TxIDLE generates IDLE as per ANSI standard.
TxAIS generates AIS as per ANSI standard.
TxRAI generates RAI as per ANSI standard.
1000 test B3ZS 1000…1000..1000.
3in24 is three ones in 24 bits used to stress AMI lines and clock
recovery (0100 0100 0000 0000 0000 0100).
Multi Protocol Test Set
245
DS3 Test
Facility Results
Facility Results
Press
, select DSn/PDH, DS3, Results, and the Facility tab.
³
CLEAR: Select CLEAR to reset the
counters, clear the history of
alarms and restart the test time.
³
Test Time displays the time
elapsed since the beginning of
the test. The time is reset when
using the CLEAR button.
³
INSERT: Select all errors to be
injected and the Excessive Zero’s
generation, then press the INSERT button to start the
injection/generation. The INSERT button is not available in Monitor
test mode.
Available errors are Bit Error, F-bit, BPV, C-Bit, P-Bit, and Excessive
Zero’s (Single, Burst, Continuous, or Off).
Available Excessive Zero’s injections are Single, Burst, Continuous,
and Off to stop the event generation. Always press the INSERT button
to apply a new Excessive Zero’s selection.
246
AXS-200/805/855
DS3 Test
Facility Results
³
Alarms - CNT, or SEC: indicates the alarm types and allows the
selection of the count (CNT) or the total number of seconds in which
one or more alarm occurred (SEC).
LOS (Loss Of Signal): Indicates loss of network signal or connection on
a networking device. If LOS is encountered, it is an indication that the
cable connected to the network device is bad, has no connection on
the other end, network is improperly configured, or the network device
itself is bad.
OOF (Out Of Frame): Indicates that four consecutive frame bit errors
are detected.
AIS (Alarm Indication Signal): Occurs when an AIS signal (all 1s) is
detected at the input, and still exists after the LOF alarm is declared
active (caused by the unframed nature of the all 1s signal). The AIS
alarm is cleared when the LOF alarm is cleared.
X-Bit: Indicates RAI sent by far end device.
IDLE: Indicates 110 with C-Bit =0, X-Bit=1.
UAS (Unavailable Seconds): Indicates seconds of SES after
10 consecutive seconds of SES.
Multi Protocol Test Set
247
DS3 Test
Facility Results
³
Events - CNT, BER, ES, EFS, %EFS, or SES: indicates the event types
and allows the selection of the count (CNT), Bit Error Rate (BER),
count of Errored Second (ES), count of Error Free Second (EFS),
percentage of Error Free Second (%EFS), or count of Severely Errored
Second (SES).
C-Bit (control bits): Its functionality varies depending on T3 framing
format. Usually, C-bits are used for stuffing bit indicators.
BPV (Bipolar Violation): Occurs when the next successive pulse in
transmission, is of the same polarity at the previous pulse.
F-Bit (Framing Bit error): indicates that the frame alignment pattern
received is different of 1001.
P-Bit (parity Bit): Is used to check the parity for the previous M-Frame.
Possible values are 11 and 00.
FEBE (Far End Block Error): Is an alarm signal, which indicates the
transmitting node that the receiver has detected a block error.
EXZ (Excessive Zeros): For AMI coded signal, the defect occurs when
more than fifteen contiguous zeros are detected. For a B8ZS coded
signal, the defect occurs when more than seven contiguous zeros are
detected.
Note: When there is no error, event, and bit
error, the NO ERRORS is displayed if
Show NO ERRORS is selected (see
Show NO ERRORS on page 255).
248
AXS-200/805/855
DS3 Test
Facility Results
When there is no error and event, but
bit error(s), the BERT ERRORS is
displayed if Show NO ERRORS is
selected (see Show NO ERRORS on
page 255).
³
BERT Pattern
The pattern selected in the setup page is displayed. However BERT
OFF is displayed when the BERT is set to OFF in the setup page.
The field next to the pattern
indicates if either the received
pattern matches the configured
pattern (Pat SYNC) or not (NO
SYNC).
The field next to the Pat SYNC/NO
SYNC indicates the count or the
percentage of pattern error
depending on the unit selection:
count (CNT), Bit Error Rate
(BER), count of Errored Second (ES), count of Error Free Second
(EFS), percentage of Error Free Second (%EFS), count of Severely
Errored Second (SES), or percentage of Severely Errored Second
(%SES).
³
PULSES: indicates that valid DS3 pulses are received.
³
FRAMED: indicates black LED if Framing in the test setup page is set to
Unframed or Auto, otherwise the LED should be green.
³
B3ZS: A green LED indicates that B3ZS code word is detected,
otherwise the LED should be black if no code word is detected.
Multi Protocol Test Set
249
DS3 Test
Facility Results
³
Signal and RTD
Allows to either displays the signal, slips, or Round Trip Delay (RTD)
status.
³
250
³
Signal status displays the received signal frequency (Hz) and it
level (dBdsx and Vpp). If no signal is received, NO SIGNAL is
displayed.
³
RTD displays the measured round trip delay in ms. RTD is not
available with Monitor test mode.
Report: Select the Report button to generate a report for the test. Refer
to Report Generation on page 91 to generate and save a report file.
AXS-200/805/855
DS3 Test
T1 Drop/Insert Results
T1 Drop/Insert Results
Press
, select DSn/PDH, DS3, Results, and the T1 Drop/Insert tab.
Note: The T1 Drop/Insert tab is only available when BERT pattern is OFF.
³
T1 Channel: Select the desired
T1 channel to drop & insert from
T1-B port. The default setting is
OFF.
³
T1 Zero Code: Select the desired
or appropriate T1 zero coding for
the dropped T1 channel. Choices
are B8ZS and AMI. The default
setting is B8ZS.
Multi Protocol Test Set
251
DS3 Test
DS3 Loopbacks
DS3 Loopbacks
Loopbacks are not available with Monitor test mode.
Press
, select DSn/PDH, DS3, and Loopbacks.
³
Receive: The value displayed, FF
None (All Ones), should be the
value selected in Transmit on
remote unit.
³
Transmit: Select the transmit
loopback code. Choices are FF
None (All Ones), 32 DS3 EQPT
FAIL (SA), 1C DS3 LOS, 00 DS3
Out-Of-Frame, 2C DS3 AIS
Received, 34 DS3 IDLE
Received, 1E DS3 EQPT FAIL (NSA), 3A Common EQPT FAIL, 2A
Multiple DS1 LOS, 0A DS1 EQPT FAIL (SA), 3C Single DS1 LOS, and
06 DS1 EQPT FAIL (NSA). The default setting is FF None (All Ones).
³
DS3 FEAC: is available when Term mode (Term-DSX or Term DSX-HI)
and C-bit framing are selected from the setup page. Select the DS3
FEAC code. Choices are None, LINE, NIU, COT, COT-alt2, Repeater,
and RT-alt. The default setting is None.
³
DS1 FEAC: is available when Term mode (Term-DSX or Term DSX-HI)
and C-bit framing are selected from the setup page. Select the DS1
FEAC code. Choices are None, ALL, and 1 to 28. The default setting is
None.
³
Local: Select the local loopback type. Choices are None, Self-Loop,
and Local-NW. The default setting is None.
Self-Loop loops the transmitter (TX) of the AXS-200/805/855 to its
receiver (RX).
Local-NW: loops the receiver (RX) of the AXS-200/805/855 to the
transmitter (TX), manual DS1 loopback towards the network.
252
AXS-200/805/855
DS3 Test
DS3 Loopbacks
³
LoopUp sends the selected loop up command.
³
LoopDown sends the selected loop down command.
³
CSU/NIU Emulation is available when Term mode (Term-DSX or Term
DSX-HI) and C-bit framing are selected from the setup page. Allows to
activate the CSU/NIU Emulation mode.
The status of the loopback is displayed in the field located at the bottom of
the screen.
Multi Protocol Test Set
253
17 DSn/PDH User Preference
Press
³
, select DSn/PDH, and User Preference.
Show NO ERRORS
If the Show NO ERRORS check
box is selected, one of the
following messages may be
displayed in the Results Facility
screen of T1-A, T1-B, DS3, E1-A,
and E1-B tests:
³
NO ERRORS message will be
displayed when there is no
error, event, and bit error.
³
BERT ERRORS message will be displayed when there is no error
and event, but bit error(s).
Note: When none of the above messages are displayed, alarms and events are
listed.
By default the Show NO ERRORS check box is selected.
Multi Protocol Test Set
255
DSn/PDH User Preference
³
Show last dialed numbers
If the Show last dialed numbers
check box is selected then the
Last Dial Number tab will be
displayed in the PRI-ISDN
Results Dial screen while editing
the Phone#. The last 10 dialed
phone numbers are saved.
By default the Show last dialed
numbers check box is selected.
256
³
Clear History will be available only if there are any dialed numbers
present in the Last Dial Number list of the PRI-ISDN Results Dial
screen. It allows to reset/clear the list of dialed numbers.
³
Select Save to save the changes made.
³
Select Reset to select both Show NO ERRORS and Show last dialed
numbers check boxes.
AXS-200/805/855
18 Report
The Report menu allows you to configure reports and helps viewing the
Ethernet or DSn/PDH test reports.
Report Configuration
The configurable parameters appear on the top of the report page.
Press
, select Report, and the Configuration page.
³
Report Header: Enter the Report
header information. The header
can be the company name for
example, and must be less than
30 characters long.
³
Report Title: Enter the report title
which must be less than 30
characters long. This can be the
name of the product, name of
test, or test number for example.
³
User Information: Enter any additional information of up to 30
characters.
³
Report Prompt: When enabled, a prompt will pop up every time a test
case is stopped or completed to ask the user if a report generation is
desired.
³
Media Selector: Allows the selection of the media where the report
files will be saved. Choices are Internal Flash Memory or USB key.
The default media is Internal Flash Memory.
When Internal Flash Memory is selected, the report file will be saved
to the \Data\My Documents\NetBlazer850\Reports folder.
When USB key is selected, the report file will be saved on an USB
memory media. However, if no USB key is not present, the user will be
prompted to save the report to the internal flash.
Multi Protocol Test Set
257
Report
Report Configuration
³
Logger in Report: Allows to enable or disable the Logger section in
Report. Choices are Enabled and Disabled. The default setting is
Enabled. If Disabled, the Logger section will not be displayed in the
report.
If Enabled, the report generated
will display the Logger section at
the bottom of the page.
Note: Logger in Report will only be
available in case of AXS-200/855 for
Ethernet test only.
Note: The report can configured after it is
generated. Refer to Report
Generation on page 91 for more
information.
258
AXS-200/805/855
Report
Report File
Report File
Report files from the internal flash memory can be opened or deleted from
this page.
Press
, select Report, and the File page.
Note: Refer to File Manager on page 262 for more information on how to transfer
files to/from a USB storage device to/from the AXS-200/805/855 Multi
Protocol Test Set module.
³
Files: Select the type of test to
view the report. Choices are
ETHERNET and DSn/PDH.
When ETHERNET is selected,
the test report for Ethernet will be
shown.
When DSn/PDH is selected, the
test report for DSn/PDH will be
shown.
Select the list box by pressing the
from blue to yellow).
key (the box outline will change
³
Open: Use the up and down arrows to highlight the file to open. Select
Open by using the corresponding function key.
³
Delete: Use the up and down arrows to highlight the file to delete.
Select Delete by using the corresponding function key.
Multi Protocol Test Set
259
19 System
The System menu gives access to tabs containing functions related to the
AXS-200. The System menu offers the following structure:
Submenu item
Utilities
Tab/Page
File Managera
VNCa
Settings
Date and Time
Display and Language
Network Connection
Power
Software Options
Module
Platform
Information
About
Modulea
Application
Platform
Memory
Components
a.
This information is specific to the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set
module and is described in this chapter.
Note: Refer to the Sharp Tester User Guide for information on the System tabs.
Multi Protocol Test Set
261
System
File Manager
File Manager
The File Manager allows files and folders to be copied or deleted from the
AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set module. Files and folders can be
transferred to and from an external USB media.
To transfer files to and from the USB port:
1. Press
, select System, Utilities, and the File Manager page.
2. Select the desired file or folder as
follows:
2a. Select the media where the
file is located.
2b. Select the folder where the
file is located.
2c. Use the down arrow to
highlight the list of files and
press the
button to select the list.
³
Use the up/down arrows to navigate in the list. To open a folder,
highlight it, then select Open Folder on the bottom of the screen
using the corresponding function key.
³
Once on the desired file, select Sel./Unsel. or select them all with
Sel./Unsel All using the corresponding function key.
3. Use the function arrows to go to the next available options, and select
Copy using the corresponding function key.
4. Paste the file or folder as follows:
4a. Find the destination folder in the same manner to find the copy
folder.
4b. Use the function arrows to go to the next available options, and
select Paste using the corresponding function key.
5. To exit the list box, press the
262
button.
AXS-200/805/855
System
File Manager
Note: Transferring report files can also be done using an FTP connection. Open
an Internet browser and type fttp://x.x.x.x, where x.x.x.x is the IP address of
the AXS-200. Go to the \Data\My Documents\NetBlazer\Reports folder to
retrieve the report file.
To delete files:
1. Press
, select System, Utilities, and the File Manager page.
2. Select the desired file or folder as
follows:
2a. Select the media where the
file is located.
2b. Select the folder where the
file is located.
2c. Use the down arrow to
highlight the list of files and
press the
button to select
the list.
³
Use the up/down arrows to navigate in the list. To open a folder,
highlight it, then select Open Folder using the corresponding
function key.
³
Once on the desired file, select Sel./Unsel. or select them all with
Sel/Unsel All using the corresponding function key.
3. Use the function arrows to go to the next available options, and select
Delete using the corresponding function key.
4. Select Yes using the corresponding function key to confirm the
deletion.
5. To exit the list box, press the
Multi Protocol Test Set
button.
263
System
VNC
VNC
VNC can be enabled in order for a computer running VNC Viewer to gain
remote access to the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set module. The
VNC Viewer software is included in the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test
Set CD.
To connect the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set to the
computer:
Connect the module to the same network as the computer. Plug the
Ethernet cable to the RJ-45 connector on the side of the module as
illustrated in the following diagram.
RJ-45 connector
264
AXS-200/805/855
System
VNC
To enable VNC and connect from a computer:
1. Press
, select System, Utilities, and the VNC page.
2. Select VNC Server and select
Enable.
3. Take note of the module’s IP
address displayed on the top of the
screen.
4. Launch the VNC Viewer from the
computer (included in the
AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol
Test Set CD).
5. Enter the IP address of the module into the VNC Viewer window. The
window from the remote module will appear on the computer.
To control the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set remotely from the
VNC Viewer, use the following keys on the computer keyboard (they are
mapped directly to the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set keypad).
Computer Keyboard
F1
Help
F2
Start/Stop Test
F3
Brightness
F4
Left Function Arrow
F5
F1 Function Key
F6
F2 Function Key
F7
F3 Function Key
F8
Multi Protocol Test Set
AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test
Set Keypada
Right Function Arrow
265
System
VNC
Computer Keyboard
AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test
Set Keypada
ESC
Back
Up, Down, Left, Right arrowsb
on keyboard (not on the
NumLock keypad).
Navigation Arrows
Enter
Select
Homeb
Home
Top numbers on keyboard (not The Alpha-numeric Keypad
the NumLock keypad).
> and . keyb
* and . key
? and / keyb
#, +, and - key
a.
b.
266
Refer to Keypad on page 23 for the description of the AXS-200/805/855 Multi
Protocol Test Set keypad.
See diagram of keyboard for location of the key(s).
AXS-200/805/855
System
VNC
The diagram below illustrates the location and function of keys used to
remotely operate the AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test Set module.
Start/Stop
Back
Help
Left Function
Arrow
Right Function
Arrow
Brightness
* and . key
Alpha-numeric
Keypad
Multi Protocol Test Set
F1/F2/F3
Function keys
#, + and - key
Home
Select
Navigation
Arrows
267
System
Module Information
Module Information
The Module tab contains information about the AXS-200/805/855 Multi
Protocol Test Set module.
Press
, select System, Information, and the Module tab.
The following module information is
displayed:
268
³
Information
³
Module
³
Name
³
Module ID
³
Serial number
AXS-200/805/855
20 Maintenance
To help ensure long, trouble-free operation:
³
Always inspect fiber-optic connectors before using them and clean
them if necessary.
³
Keep the unit free of dust.
³
Clean the unit casing and front panel with a cloth slightly dampened
with water.
³
Store unit at room temperature in a clean and dry area. Keep the unit
out of direct sunlight.
³
Avoid high humidity or significant temperature fluctuations.
³
Avoid unnecessary shocks and vibrations.
³
If any liquids are spilled on or into the unit, turn off the power
immediately, disconnect from any external power source, remove the
batteries and let the unit dry completely.
WARNING
Use of controls, adjustments, and procedures for operation and
maintenance other than those specified herein may result in
hazardous radiation exposure.
Multi Protocol Test Set
269
Maintenance
Recalibrating the Unit
Recalibrating the Unit
Manufacturing and service center calibrations are based on the
ISO/IEC 17025 Standard, which states that calibration documents must not
contain a recommended calibration interval, unless this has been
previously agreed upon with the customer.
Validity of specifications depends on operating conditions. For example,
the calibration validity period can be longer or shorter depending on the
intensity of use, environmental conditions and unit maintenance. You
should determine the adequate calibration interval for your unit according
to your accuracy requirements.
Under normal use, EXFO recommends calibrating your unit every two
years.
270
AXS-200/805/855
Maintenance
Recycling and Disposal (Applies to European Union Only)
Recycling and Disposal
(Applies to European Union Only)
Recycle or dispose of your product (including electric and
electronic accessories) properly, in accordance with local
regulations. Do not dispose of it in ordinary garbage receptacles.
This equipment was sold after August 13, 2005 (as identified by
the black rectangle).
³
Unless otherwise noted in a separate agreement between EXFO and a
customer, distributor, or commercial partner, EXFO will cover costs
related to the collection, treatment, recovery, and disposal of
end-of-lifecycle waste generated by electronic equipment introduced
after August 13, 2005 to an European Union member state with
legislation regarding Directive 2002/96/EC.
³
Except for reasons of safety or environmental benefit, equipment
manufactured by EXFO, under its brand name, is generally designed to
facilitate dismantling and reclamation.
For complete recycling/disposal procedures and contact information, visit
the EXFO Web site at www.exfo.com/recycle.
Multi Protocol Test Set
271
21 Warranty
General Information
EXFO Inc. (EXFO) warrants this equipment against defects in material and
workmanship for a period of one year from the date of original shipment.
EXFO also warrants that this equipment will meet applicable specifications
under normal use.
During the warranty period, EXFO will, at its discretion, repair, replace,
or issue credit for any defective product, as well as verify and adjust the
product free of charge should the equipment need to be repaired or if the
original calibration is erroneous. If the equipment is sent back for
verification of calibration during the warranty period and found to meet all
published specifications, EXFO will charge standard calibration fees.
IMPORTANT
The warranty can become null and void if:
³
unit has been tampered with, repaired, or worked upon by
unauthorized individuals or non-EXFO personnel.
³
warranty sticker has been removed.
³
case screws, other than those specified in this guide, have been
removed.
³
case has been opened, other than as explained in this guide.
³
unit serial number has been altered, erased, or removed.
³
unit has been misused, neglected, or damaged by accident.
THIS WARRANTY IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESSED,
IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL EXFO BE LIABLE FOR
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
Multi Protocol Test Set
273
Warranty
Liability
Liability
EXFO shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of the product,
nor shall be responsible for any failure in the performance of other items to
which the product is connected or the operation of any system of which
the product may be a part.
EXFO shall not be liable for damages resulting from improper usage or
unauthorized modification of the product, its accompanying accessories
and software.
274
AXS-200/805/855
Warranty
Exclusions
Exclusions
EXFO reserves the right to make changes in the design or construction of
any of its products at any time without incurring obligation to make any
changes whatsoever on units purchased. Accessories, including but not
limited to fuses, pilot lamps, batteries and universal interfaces (EUI) used
with EXFO products are not covered by this warranty.
This warranty excludes failure resulting from: improper use or installation,
normal wear and tear, accident, abuse, neglect, fire, water, lightning or
other acts of nature, causes external to the product or other factors beyond
the control of EXFO.
IMPORTANT
EXFO will charge a fee for replacing optical connectors that were
damaged due to misuse or bad cleaning.
Certification
EXFO certifies that this equipment met its published specifications at the
time of shipment from the factory.
Multi Protocol Test Set
275
Warranty
Service and Repairs
Service and Repairs
EXFO commits to providing product service and repair for five years
following the date of purchase.
To send any equipment for service or repair:
1. Call one of EXFO’s authorized service centers (see EXFO Service
Centers Worldwide on page 277). Support personnel will determine if
the equipment requires service, repair, or calibration.
2. If equipment must be returned to EXFO or an authorized service
center, support personnel will issue a Return Merchandise
Authorization (RMA) number and provide an address for return.
3. If possible, back up your data before sending the unit for repair.
4. Pack the equipment in its original shipping material. Be sure to include
a statement or report fully detailing the defect and the conditions under
which it was observed.
5. Return the equipment, prepaid, to the address given to you by support
personnel. Be sure to write the RMA number on the shipping slip. EXFO
will refuse and return any package that does not bear an RMA number.
Note: A test setup fee will apply to any returned unit that, after test, is found to
meet the applicable specifications.
After repair, the equipment will be returned with a repair report. If the
equipment is not under warranty, you will be invoiced for the cost
appearing on this report. EXFO will pay return-to-customer shipping costs
for equipment under warranty. Shipping insurance is at your expense.
Routine recalibration is not included in any of the warranty plans. Since
calibrations/verifications are not covered by the basic or extended
warranties, you may elect to purchase FlexCare Calibration/Verification
Packages for a definite period of time. Contact an authorized service center
(see EXFO Service Centers Worldwide on page 277).
276
AXS-200/805/855
Warranty
EXFO Service Centers Worldwide
EXFO Service Centers Worldwide
If your product requires servicing, contact your nearest authorized service
center.
EXFO Headquarters Service Center
400 Godin Avenue
Quebec (Quebec) G1M 2K2
CANADA
EXFO Europe Service Center
Omega Enterprise Park, Electron Way
Chandlers Ford, Hampshire S053 4SE
ENGLAND
EXFO Telecom Equipment
(Shenzhen) Ltd.
3rd Floor, Building 10,
Yu Sheng Industrial Park (Gu Shu
Crossing), No. 467,
National Highway 107,
Xixiang, Bao An District,
Shenzhen, China, 518126
Multi Protocol Test Set
1 866 683-0155 (USA and Canada)
Tel.: 1 418 683-5498
Fax: 1 418 683-9224
quebec.service@exfo.com
Tel.: +44 2380 246810
Fax: +44 2380 246801
europe.service@exfo.com
Tel: +86 (755) 2955 3100
Fax: +86 (755) 2955 3101
beijing.service@exfo.com
277
22 Troubleshooting
Solving Common Problems
Before calling EXFO’s technical support, please read the following
common problems that can occur and their respective solution.
Problem
Possible Cause
Optical Laser LED is off and ³ The Transceiver Mode
the connector is not
is not set to Optical.
generating the signal.
Solution
³ Ensure that the
Transceiver Mode is set
to Optical. Refer to Port
on page 44 for more
information.
³ There is a configuration ³ Ensure that the SFP is
mismatch between the
inserted SFP and the
current interface speed.
³ The SFP is not
compatible with the
AXS-200/805/855.
Multi Protocol Test Set
supporting the current
interface speed. Refer to
Port on page 44 for
more information.
³ Ensure to use a
compatible SFP. Refer to
Optical Transceivers
(SFP) on page 6.
279
Troubleshooting
Contacting the Technical Support Group
Contacting the Technical Support Group
To obtain after-sales service or technical support for this product, contact
EXFO at one of the following numbers. The Technical Support Group is
available to take your calls from Monday to Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
(Eastern Time in North America).
For detailed information about technical support, visit the EXFO Web site at
www.exfo.com.
Technical Support Group
400 Godin Avenue
Quebec (Quebec) G1M 2K2
CANADA
1 866 683-0155 (USA and Canada)
Tel.: 1 418 683-5498
Fax: 1 418 683-9224
support@exfo.com
To accelerate the process, please have information such as the name and
the serial number (see the product identification label—an example is
shown below), as well as a description of your problem, close at hand.
P/N
****************
S/N
542392-3D
Made in Canada
A
January 2020
Ver.
Mfg.
date
QST442B
465 Godin Avenue
Vanier (Quebec) G1M 3G7 CANADA
AXS-855
Model Number
280
AXS-200/805/855
Troubleshooting
Transportation
Transportation
Maintain a temperature range within specifications when transporting the
unit. Transportation damage can occur from improper handling. The
following steps are recommended to minimize the possibility of damage:
³
Pack the unit in its original packing material when shipping.
³
Avoid high humidity or large temperature fluctuations.
³
Keep the unit out of direct sunlight.
³
Avoid unnecessary shocks and vibrations.
Multi Protocol Test Set
281
A
Specifications
IMPORTANT
The following technical specifications can change without notice.
The information presented in this section is provided as a reference
only. To obtain this product’s most recent technical specifications,
visit the EXFO Web site at www.exfo.com.
Multi Protocol Test Set
283
Specifications
DSn/PDH Specifications
DSn/PDH Specifications
DS1 Receiver
Modes
Framing
Line coding
Rx bit rate
Impedance
Rx level sensitivity
For 772 kHz:
Frequency measurement accuracy (uncertainty)
Electrical power measurement accuracy (uncertainty)
Line events
Patterns
PM stats
Loopbacks
Round-trip delay
Timing slips
Fractional T1
DS1 Transmitter
Modes
Framing
Line coding
Tx bit rate
LBO
Error inject
Patterns
Loopbacks
Monitor, Terminate, Bridged, CSU/NIU emulation
ESF, SF, SLC96, unframed, auto detect
B8ZS, AMI
1.544 Mbit/s ± 300 ppm
100 Ÿ nominal, bridged > 1000 Ÿ
TERM: )26 dB (cable loss only) at 0 dBdsx Tx
DSX-MON: )26 dB (20 dB resistive loss + cable loss )6 dB)
Bridge: )6 dB (cable loss only)
Note: Measurement units = dBdsx
±7 ppm
±1.5 dB
LOS, OOF, AIS, RAI, UAS, CRC, BPV, F-bits, 1’s D, ExZ
Auto, QRSS, 3 in 24, 2 in 8, 1 in 16, 1 in 8, 1111, 0000, 1010, DALY, 2E15-1, 2047
CNT, BER, ES, EFS, % EFS, SES, % SES
NREM, NLOC, NDU1, NDU2, CREM, CLOC, CDU1, CDU2, ARM, HTUR, HTUC, NRE1, NRE2, CSU, NIU5
Smart repeater codes (ILR, IOR), Payload, Line, Network, Local, Self
Displayed in milliseconds (ms)
Count and deviation
Contiguous and non-contiguous: N x 64
Terminate
ESF, SF, SLC96, unframed
B8ZS, AMI
1.544 Mbit/s, ± 20 ppm
0, —7.5, –15 and –22.5 dB
Bit error, framing loss (2 F-bits) and BPV
Auto, QRSS, 3 in 24, 2 in 8, 1 in 16, 1 in 8, 1111, 0000, 1010, DALY, 2E15-1, 2047
NREM, NLOC, NDU1, NDU2, CREM, CLOC, CDU1, CDU2, ARM, HTUR, HTUC, NRE1, NRE2, CSU, NIU5
Smart repeater code (ILR, IOR), Payload, Line, Network, Local, Self
ANSI T1.403, AT&T Pub.62411
2.4 to 3.6 V
Standards
Tx pulse amplitude
DS3 SPECIFICATIONS
DS3 Receiver
Modes
Framing
Line coding
Rx bit rate
Impedance
Rx level sensitivity
Line events
Patterns
PM stats
FEAC codes
Frequency measurement accuracy (uncertainty)
Power measurement accuracy (uncertainty)
Round-trip delay
Fractional T1
Monitor, Terminate, Through, DS1 Drop and Insert, Through no Gen
C-bit, M13, unframed, auto
B3ZS
44.736 Mbit/s ± 100 ppm
75 Ÿ nominal
TERM: )10 dB (cable loss only)
DSX-MON: )26.5 dB (21.5 dB resistive loss + cable loss )5 dB)
Note: Measurement units = dBm
LOS, OOF, AIS, RDI, IDLE, UAS, C-bit, BPV, F-bit, P-bit, FEBE, ExZ
2E23-1, 2E20-1, 2E15-1, QRSS, 3 in 24, 1010, 1111, 1100, 1000
CNT, BER, ES, EFS, % EFS, SES, % SES
Displays any of 11 received FEAC codes
±7 ppm
±1.5 dB
Displayed in milliseconds (ms)
Contiguous and non-contiguous: N x 64
DS3 Transmitter
Modes
Framing
Line coding
Tx bit rate
Tx levels
Error inject
Patterns
Loopbacks
FEAC codes
Standards
Tx pulse amplitude
Terminate, Through, Through no Gen
C-bit, M13, unframed
B3ZS
44.736 Mbit/s ± 20 ppm
DSX, DSX-HI
Bit errors, F-bit, C-bit, P-bit, BPV, Ex-Zeros: single, burst and continuous
2E23-1, 2E20-1, 2E15-1, QRSS, 3 in 24, Idle, 1010, 1111, 1100, 1000, AIS, RAI
Local, CSU/NIU, FEAC, COT, COT (alternate-2), COT (alternate-1), DS3 Repeater
Transmits any of 11 FEAC codes
G.703, G.775, TSY-009-000499, T1.404, T1.102, T1.107
0.36 V to 0.85 V
284
For 22.368 MHz:
AXS-200/805/855
Specifications
Ethernet Specifications
Ethernet Specifications
OPTICAL ETHERNET SPECIFICATIONS
Optical interfaces
Available wavelengths (nm)
One port at 100M or GigE
850, 1310 and 1550
Wavelength (nm)
Tx level (dBm)
Rx level sensitivity (dBm)
Maximum reach
Transmission bit rate (Gbit/s)
Reception bit rate (Gbit/s)
Tx operational wavelength range (nm)
Measurement accuracy (uncertainty)
Frequency (ppm)
Optical power (dB)
Maximum Rx before damage (dBm)
Jitter compliance
Ethernet classification
Laser type
Eye safety
Connector
Transceiver type
100Base-FX
1310
–20 to –15
–31
2 km
0.125
0.125
1280 to 1380
100Base-LX
1310
–15 to –8
–28
15 km
0.125
0.125
1261 to 1360
1000Base-SX
850
–9 to –3
–20
550 m
1.25
1.25
830 to 860
1000Base-LX
1310
–9.5 to –3
–22
10 km
1.25
1.25
1270 to 1360
1000Base-ZX
1550
0 to +5
–22
80 km
1.25
1.25
1540 to 1570
1000BASE-BX10-D
Tx: 1490 Rx: 1310
–9 to –3
–20
10 km
1.25
1.25
1480 to 1500
1000BASE-BX10-U
Tx: 1310 Rx: 1490
–9 to –3
–20
10 km
1.25
1.25
1260 to 1360
±15
±2
+3
ANSI X3.166
ANSI X3.166
LED
CLASS 1
LC
SFP
±15
±2
+3
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3
FP
CLASS 1
LC
SFP
±15
±2
+6
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3
VCSEL
CLASS 1
LC
SFP
±15
±2
+6
IEEE 802.3
IEEE 802.3
FP
CLASS 1
LC
SFP
±15
±2
+6
±15
±2
+6
IEEE 802.3ah
IEEE 802.3ah
DFB
CLASS 1
LC
SFP
±15
±2
+6
IEEE 802.3ah
IEEE 802.3ah
FP
CLASS 1
LC
SFP
DFB
CLASS 1
LC
SFP
ELECTRICAL ETHERNET SPECIFICATIONS
Electrical interfaces
One port 10/100Base-T or 1000Base-T
Automatic detection of straight/crossover cable
Tx bit rate
Tx accuracy (uncertainty) (ppm)
Rx bit rate
Rx measurement accuracy (uncertainty) (ppm)
Duplex mode
Jitter compliance
Connector
Maximum reach (m)
10Base-T
10 Mbit/s
±15
10 Mbit/s
±15
Half and full duplex
IEEE 802.3
RJ-45
100
100Base-TX
125 Mbit/s
±15
125 Mbit/s
±15
Half and full duplex
IEEE 802.3
RJ-45
100
1000Base-T
1 Gbit/s
±15
1 Gbit/s
±15
Full duplex
IEEE 802.3
RJ-45
100
General Specifications
p
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
Size (H x W x D)
Weight (with battery)
Temperature
operating
storage
Relative humidity
Battery life (typical usage)
Battery charging time
Language
Multi Protocol Test Set
284 mm x 125 mm x 92 mm
1.6 kg
(11 3/16 in x 4 15/16 in x 3 5/8 in)
(3.5 lb)
0 °C to 50 °C
–40 °C to 70 °C
0 % to 93 %, non-condensing
Up to 5 hours
2 hours from full discharge to full charge
English
(32 °F to 122 °F)
(–40 °F to 158 °F)
285
Specifications
General Specifications
Ethernet Cables
Minimum Category 3 cable is required for 10Base-T connection while
Category 5 cable is required for 100Base-TX and 1000Base-T connections.
Maximum cable length (between two nodes) for 10Base-T, 100Base-TX, or
1000Base-T connection is 328 feet (100 meters).
³
Straight Through Cable (10/100 Mbps)
An Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) straight through cable is required to
connect a 10Base-T/100Base-TX AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test
Set port to a layer 1 or 2 device (ex: HUB, switch).
286
AXS-200/805/855
Specifications
General Specifications
³
Crossover Cable (10/100 Mbps)
An Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) crossover cable is required to
connect the 10Base-T/100Base-TX AXS-200/805/855 Multi Protocol Test
Set port to a layer 3 device (ex: router).
³
Straight Through Cable (1000 Mbps)
³
Crossover Cable (1000 Mbps)
Multi Protocol Test Set
287
B
Glossary
Acronym List
?
Help
AC
Alternating Current
AIS
Alarm Indication Signal
ARP
Address Resolution Protocol
BER
Bit Error Rate
BERT
Bit Error Rate Test
bps
Bit Per Second
BPV
Bipolar Violation
Bps
Byte Per Second
C
Current
CE
European Conformity
CRC
Cyclic Redundancy
CRITIC
Critical
CRITIC/ECP
Critical and Emergency Call Processing
A
B
C
Multi Protocol Test Set
289
Glossary
Acronym List
D
dB
Decibel
dBm
Decibel - milliwatts
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DS
Differentiated Services
DSCP
Differentiated Services Code Point
DTE
Data Terminal Equipment
DUT
Device Under Test
ECN
Explicit Congestion Notification
ECP
Emergency Call Processing
EMC
Electromagnetic Compatibility
EOF
End Of Frame
ESD
Electrostatic Discharge
ET
Elapsed Time
EXZ
Excessive Zeroes
FC
Fixed Connection
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
FCS
Frame Check Sequence
FEBE
Far End Block Error
fps
frame per second
E
F
290
AXS-200/805/855
Glossary
Acronym List
G
Gbps
GigaBit Per Second
GMT
Greenwich Mean Time
GUA
Global IPv6 Address
HDTV
High Definition Television
Hz
Hertz
ICMP
Internet Control Message Protocol
ID
Identification
IEC
International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE
Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers
IFG
Inter Frame Gap
IN
Input
IP
Internet Protocol
IPTV
Internet Protocol Television
IPv4
Internet Protocol version 4
IPv6
Internet Protocol version 6
ISO
International Organization for Standardization
H
I
Multi Protocol Test Set
291
Glossary
Acronym List
L
L3
Layer 3
L4
Layer 4
LAN
Local Area Network
LC
Lucent Connector
LED
Light-Emitting Diode
lb
Pound
lf
Line Feed
LOS
Loss Of Signal
LLA
Link Local IPv6 Address
m
Minute
m
Meter
MAC
Media Access Control
Mbps
Megabit Per Second
MDI
Media Dependant Interface (straight through Ethernet
cable)
MDIX
Media Dependant Interface Crossover (crossover
Ethernet cable)
ms
millisecond
MT-RJ
Mechanical Transfer Registered Jack
MTTR
Mean Time to Repair
M
292
AXS-200/805/855
Glossary
Acronym List
N
Nb
Number
NE
Network Element
nm
Nanometer
OOF
Out Of Frame
OS
Operating System
OUI
Organizationally Unique Identifier
OUT
OUTput
PC
Personal Computer
PHY
Physical Layer Device
ppm
parts per million
PRBS
Pseudo Random Bit Sequence
PSP
Primitive Sequence Protocol
PVID
Port VLAN Identifier
QoS
Quality of Service
Q-in-Q
Queue in Queue – Stacked VLAN
O
P
Q
Multi Protocol Test Set
293
Glossary
Acronym List
R
RAI
Remote Alarm Indication
RFC
Request For Comments
RJ-45
Registered Jack 45
RMA
Return Merchandise Authorization
RX
Receive
s
second
SC
Subscriber Connector
SDTV
Standard Digital Television
SFP
Small Form Factor Pluggable
SLA
Service-Level Agreement
SONET
Synchronous Optical NETwork
ST
Straight Tip
SUI
Smart User Interface
TCP
Transport Control Protocol
TLV
Type-Length Variable
TOS
Type Of Service
TTL
Time To Live
TX
Transmit
S
T
294
AXS-200/805/855
Glossary
Acronym List
U
UAS
Unavailable Second
UDP
User Data Protocol
μs
microsecond
UTC
Universal Time Coordinated
UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair
VID
VLAN Identifier
VLAN
Virtual Local Area Network
VoIP
Voice over Internet Protocol
V
Multi Protocol Test Set
295
Glossary
VLAN
VLAN
Special VID values (IEEE Std 802.1Q-1998)
ID
Description
0
The null VLAN ID. Indicates that the tag header contains only user
priority information; no VLAN identifier is present in the frame. This
VID value must not be configured as a PVID, configured in any
Filtering Database entry, or used in any Management operation.
1
The default PVID value used for classifying frames on ingress
through a Bridge Port. The PVID value can be changed on a per-Port
basis.
4095 Reserved for implementation use. This VID value shall not be
configured as a PVID, configured in any Filtering Database entry,
used in any Management operation, or transmitted in a tag header.
VLAN Priority
296
0
000 - Low Priority
4
100 - High Priority
1
001 - Low Priority
5
101 - High Priority
2
010 - Low Priority
6
110 - High Priority
3
011 - Low Priority
7
111 - High Priority
AXS-200/805/855
Index
Index
# Ping results table ................................... 194
?.................................................................. 37
3.1k Audio ................................................ 229
A
Abort Frames............................................. 182
Absolute............................................ 126, 183
accuracy ................................................ 78, 81
acronym .................................................... 289
Address ............................................... 51, 157
address................................................ 54, 159
after-sales service ...................................... 280
alarmed seconds ....................... 103, 123, 176
Alarms....................................... 123, 216, 236
alarms ....................................................... 103
Alarms/Errors Results................................. 176
alignment.......................................... 105, 125
Answer ...................................................... 230
attempts.................................................... 193
Auto Detect................................................. 46
Auto-Negotiation ........................................ 46
Average Round Trip Time (ms) .................. 197
Average RX Rate........................................ 135
B
B Channel.................................................. 229
B3ZS .......................................................... 249
B8ZS .......................................................... 219
Background Stream........................... 148, 150
Back-to-Back ......................................... 72, 81
Back-to-Back Results.................................... 96
B-CHANNELS ............................................. 227
BERT .......................... 215, 226, 228, 235, 245
BERT Alarms and Errors ............................. 123
Multi Protocol Test Set
BERT Configuration Stream ......................... 26
BERT Detailed Results ........................ 120, 121
BERT Errors ................................................ 120
BERT Global Configuration ........................ 109
BERT OFF ........................... 218, 228, 238, 249
BERT Results
Alarms/Errors ......................................... 26
Detailed ................................................. 26
Summary ............................................... 26
BERT Summary Results............................... 117
BERT test configuration ............................... 40
Bit Error ..................................................... 120
Bit Error Amount ....................................... 118
Bit Error Count .................................. 112, 119
Bit Error Rate ..................................... 112, 119
Broadcast .................................................. 179
Burst.......................................................... 136
Burst Duty Cycle ........................................ 136
bytes.......................................................... 196
C
cable.......................................................... 286
Cable Mode ................................................. 46
Cable Test .................................................... 28
Status................................................... 205
Cable Test Configuration ........................... 202
Cable Test Results - Delay/Length .............. 211
Cable Test Results - Summary .................... 205
Cable Test Results - Wire Map ................... 207
calibration
certificate............................................. 270
interval................................................. 270
caution
of personal hazard ................................... 7
of product hazard .................................... 7
CE ..............................................................iii, v
CHAN......................................................... 240
Channel Content ............................... 221, 241
class 1............................................................ 9
cleaning
front panel........................................... 269
297
Index
CLEAR........................................ 216, 236, 246
CLEAR ERROR ............................................ 228
Clear History.............................................. 256
CLEAR STATUS........................................... 227
Clocking ............................ 214, 226, 234, 244
Coding ...................................... 214, 234, 244
collision............................................. 105, 125
connection
10/100/1000 Mbps ................................ 16
100/1000 Mbps ..................................... 17
1000Base-LX .......................................... 17
1000Base-SX.......................................... 17
1000Base-T ............................................ 16
1000Base-ZX.......................................... 17
100Base-FX............................................ 17
100Base-LX10........................................ 17
100Base-TX............................................ 16
10Base-T ................................................ 16
connectors .................................................. 15
Continuous................................................ 193
conventions, safety ....................................... 7
Copy from Throughput Test ........................ 86
copying files .............................................. 262
Count ................................................ 170, 172
Country ..................................................... 226
CSU/NIU Emulation ................................... 253
Current RX Rate......................................... 135
customer service........................................ 276
D
data size.................................................... 193
Data-link ................................................... 223
default
gateway................................................. 54
Default Configuration ................................. 64
Default Gateway ................. 54, 155, 159, 161
delay ......................................................... 193
Delay Skew................................................ 206
Delay Skew Threshold ............................... 204
Delete........................................................ 259
Delete Function ........................................... 67
298
deleting files.............................................. 263
Destination IP Address................. 75, 139, 151
Destination MAC Address .... 74, 113, 138, 150
Destination UDP Port ................................... 77
DHCP ..................................................... 49, 50
DHCP Lease Expires...................................... 50
DHCP Lease Obtained .................................. 50
DHCP Lease Server ....................................... 50
Dial ............................................................ 229
Discovery ..................................................... 59
Drop Eligible........................................ 56, 161
DS................................ 77, 116, 140, 141, 153
DS0 Channel...................................... 221, 241
DS0 PCM ................................................... 221
DS1 FEAC................................................... 252
DS3 FEAC................................................... 252
DUPLEX ................................................. 16, 18
Duration .... 88, 94, 96, 98, 111, 118, 133, 189
E
E0 PCM...................................................... 241
Elapsed Time ..................................... 221, 241
Electrical ...................................................... 46
electrical interface ....................................... 16
electrical port .............................................. 15
equipment returns..................................... 276
ESD.............................................................. 10
Ethernet ............................................ 109, 148
Ethernet/IP/UDP ................................. 109, 148
Events........................................ 217, 237, 248
excessive collision .............................. 105, 125
Excessive Zero’s ......................................... 246
Export.......................................................... 67
F
FCC ............................................................... iii
FCS .................................................... 105, 125
Filename ...................................................... 65
Files ........................................................... 259
files
copying ................................................ 262
AXS-200/805/855
Index
deleting ............................................... 263
manager ...................................... 262, 263
Flow Control................................................ 48
Flow Control Results.................................. 182
folders
copying................................................ 262
deleting ............................................... 263
Frame Count Results.................................. 179
Frame Loss .................................... 72, 83, 163
Frame Loss Configuration............................ 83
Frame Loss Results ...................................... 98
Frame Size........................... 70, 102, 110, 134
Frame size ................................................. 166
Frame Size Results ..................................... 180
FRAMED ............................................ 218, 249
Framing..................... 109, 148, 214, 234, 244
Frequency.................................................. 103
front panel, cleaning ................................. 269
FTP ............................................................ 263
Full .............................................................. 47
G
glossary ..................................................... 289
Goto Answer ............................................. 228
Goto HangUp ............................................ 228
Graph ........................................................ 102
graph displayed......................................... 102
GUA .................................................... 51, 156
H
Half ............................................................. 47
HangUp..................................................... 231
Help ............................................................ 37
Home menu ................................................ 24
Home menu structure ................................. 25
I
IC...................................................................iii
identification label .................................... 280
Import ......................................................... 66
Multi Protocol Test Set
In-band...................................................... 223
Inject ......................................................... 118
INSERT ....................................................... 236
INSERT ERROR............................................ 228
Interface ...................................................... 25
Interface Tabs .............................................. 45
Internal Flash (Data) .................................. 257
Invert ......................................................... 111
INVERT BERT .............................................. 235
IP Address.......................................... 192, 198
IPv4 ............................................................. 49
IPv6 ............................................................. 50
J
jabber ................................................ 105, 125
Jitter/Latency Results ................................. 174
L
label, identification.................................... 280
LASER .................................................... 18, 21
Laser ............................................................ 46
laser...........................................................iv, 9
late collision ...................................... 105, 125
Latency ................................................ 72, 147
Latency Results .......................................... 100
LED .............................................................. 15
DUPLEX ............................................ 16, 18
electrical port......................................... 16
LASER............................................... 18, 21
laser ......................................................... 9
LINK ....................................................... 21
LINK/ACT .......................................... 16, 18
optical port ...................................... 18, 21
Length ....................................................... 206
Length Threshold....................................... 204
Length Unit ............................................... 203
LINK............................................................. 21
LINK ACTIVE............................................... 227
Link Down ......................................... 103, 123
LINK/ACT................................................ 16, 18
LLA .............................................................. 50
299
Index
Load ............................................................ 66
Local.......................................... 223, 242, 252
Local Number............................................ 226
Log Full ............................................. 127, 184
Logger................................... 26, 27, 183, 258
Loop Down ................................................. 59
Loop Up ...................................................... 59
LoopDown ................................ 223, 242, 253
LoopUp ..................................... 223, 242, 253
LOS.................................................... 103, 123
LOSS of SIGNAL......................................... 227
M
maintenance ............................................. 269
front panel .......................................... 269
general information............................. 269
Manual........................................................ 46
max. hop count......................................... 198
Max. Rate ........................................ 94, 96, 98
Maximum Burst Duration ............................ 81
maximum rate............................................. 86
maximum rate - TX-to-RX...................... 79, 83
Maximum Round Trip Time (ms) ............... 197
MDI ............................................................. 46
MDIX........................................................... 46
Media Selector ............................................ 65
menu structure................................ 33, 34, 35
Minimum Round Trip Time (ms) ................ 197
Mismatch ‘0’ ............................................. 120
Mismatch ‘1’ ............................................. 120
Mode .................. 51, 156, 213, 226, 233, 243
mode........................................................... 54
models .......................................................... 5
Module Setup.............................................. 64
Multicast ................................................... 179
N
nb of validation........................................... 79
Nb. of Frames.............................................. 70
Network Setup ............................................ 49
No Traffic .................................................. 120
300
No. ............................................................ 194
No. of Trials ................................................. 96
No. trace route result table........................ 200
Non-Unicast............................................... 179
Number of Trials.................................... 81, 85
O
Open ......................................................... 259
Optical......................................................... 46
optical interface........................................... 17
Out-of-Sequence ....................................... 163
P
Packets Received........................................ 197
Packets Transmitted................................... 197
Pair .................................................... 207, 211
Pass/Fail Verdict ......................................... 203
Pass/Fail verdict ........................................... 72
Pattern Loss ............................................... 120
Pause......................................................... 163
Pause Frames............................................. 182
Payload...................................................... 134
Percentage Lost ......................................... 197
Period ........................................................ 136
Phone# ..................................................... 229
Ping ........................................................... 191
Ping Configuration .................................... 192
ping configuration....................................... 43
Ping Results ............................................... 194
ports............................................................ 15
power sources ............................................. 13
product
identification label ............................... 280
specifications ....................................... 283
Prop. Delay ................................................ 205
Prop. Delay Threshold................................ 204
PULSES .............................................. 218, 249
Q
Quick Ping ............................. 61, 75, 114, 139
AXS-200/805/855
Index
R
Ramp......................................................... 136
Ramp Nb. of Steps .................................... 137
Rate................................................... 170, 172
Rate Unit ............................... 59, 73, 109, 133
Recalibrating the unit................................ 270
recalibration .............................................. 270
Receive ...................................................... 252
Received
FREQ ............................................ 221, 241
LEVEL........................................... 221, 241
Received FREQ ................................... 221, 241
Received LEVEL.................................. 221, 241
Refresh Status ............................................. 61
Relative ............................................. 126, 183
Remote ID ............................................. 62, 64
Remote Loopback........................................ 58
Removable Disk (USB) ............................... 257
Repeater.................................................... 223
replied from ...................................... 196, 201
Report ......................... 88, 119, 191, 196, 201
Report Header ........................................... 257
Report Manager Configuration ................. 257
Report Prompt........................................... 257
Report Title................................................ 257
Reset ......................................................... 119
Resolve MAC Address .. 74, 114, 138, 139, 151
Restore Default at Start-Up ......................... 64
Restore RFC Defaults ................................... 73
Restore Threshold Defaults........................ 204
Results In......................................... 94, 96, 99
return merchandise authorization (RMA) .. 276
RFC 2544
Back-to-Back .......................................... 26
Configuration ........................................ 26
Frame Loss............................................. 26
Latency .................................................. 26
Stream ................................................... 26
Throughput ........................................... 26
RFC 2544 Alarms and Errors ...................... 103
RFC 2544 Configuration ........................ 26, 70
Multi Protocol Test Set
RFC 2544 Errors ................................. 105, 125
RFC 2544 Global Configuration ................... 70
RFC 2544 Results
Alarms/Errors ......................................... 26
Back-to-back .......................................... 26
Frame Loss ............................................. 26
Graph..................................................... 26
Latency .................................................. 26
Summary ............................................... 26
Throughput............................................ 26
RFC 2544 Results Graph ............................ 102
RFC 2544 Stream Configuration .......... 74, 138
RJ-45 connector......................................... 264
Row Data................................................... 229
RTD............................................ 219, 239, 250
runt ................................................... 105, 125
RX.............................................................. 197
RX Frames.................................................... 89
RX Rate...................................... 118, 168, 189
S
safety
caution..................................................... 7
conventions ............................................. 7
laser ......................................................... 9
warning ................................................... 7
Save............................................................. 66
Scan Subnet ................................................ 59
SDT .................................................... 112, 121
Average................................................ 122
Count................................................... 122
Last ...................................................... 121
Longest ........................................ 118, 121
Shortest ............................................... 121
Threshold ............................................. 121
Total .................................................... 122
Seconds ............................................. 170, 172
Sel/Unsel All Function .................................. 68
Sel/Unsel Function ....................................... 67
Sequence Results ....................................... 170
Sequence Tracking..................................... 142
301
Index
service and repairs..................................... 276
service centers ........................................... 277
Service Disruption ..................................... 121
Setup........................................................... 25
Setup Interface
Network................................................. 25
Port........................................................ 25
SFP......................................................... 25
VLAN ..................................................... 25
Setup Module.............................................. 25
Setup Remote.............................................. 25
Discovery ............................................... 25
Loopback ............................................... 25
SFP ........................................................ 6, 279
Connector Type ..................................... 57
Mode ..................................................... 57
Module ID.............................................. 57
Part Number .......................................... 57
Serial Number........................................ 57
Speed .................................................... 57
Type....................................................... 57
Vendor Name ........................................ 57
Wavelength ........................................... 57
shipping to EXFO ...................................... 276
Show NO ERRORS...................................... 255
Signal ........................................ 219, 239, 250
signal connection ........................................ 15
Slips .................................................. 219, 239
Smart Loopback .......................................... 28
Smart Loopback configuration .................... 43
smart loopback statistics ........................... 189
software options, keys .................................. 5
Source UDP Port .................. 77, 116, 140, 141
special VID values...................................... 296
specifications, product .............................. 283
Start Time.................................... 88, 118, 189
Status.. 61, 88, 94, 96, 98, 117, 162, 195, 205
Address.................................................. 55
status ........................................................ 200
generating ..................................... 51, 156
Step............................................................. 99
Step Time .................................................. 137
302
Stop................................................... 223, 242
storage requirements ................................ 269
subnet mask ................................................ 50
Switch Type ............................................... 225
Symbol .............................................. 105, 125
symbols, safety .............................................. 7
System Information
About .................................................... 32
Application ............................................ 32
Components .......................................... 32
Memory ................................................. 32
Module .................................................. 32
Platform................................................. 32
System menu............................................. 261
System Settings
Date and Time ....................................... 31
Display and Language............................ 31
Power .................................................... 31
System Software Options
Module .................................................. 32
Platform................................................. 32
System tabs ............................................... 261
System Utilities
File Manager .......................................... 31
VNC ....................................................... 31
T
T1 Channel ................................................ 251
T1 Zero Code ............................................. 251
tab
Back-to-Back .......................................... 81
Back-to-Back Results .............................. 96
BERT Global Configuration................... 109
Cable Test Configuration ..................... 202
Cable Test Results - Delay/Length......... 211
Cable Test Results - Summary .............. 205
Cable Test Results - Wire Map .............. 207
Discovery ............................................... 59
Frame Loss ............................................. 83
Frame Loss Configuration ...................... 83
Frame Loss Results ................................. 98
AXS-200/805/855
Index
Latency Results .................................... 100
Network Setup....................................... 49
Ping Configuration .............................. 192
Report Manager Configuration............ 257
RFC 2544 Alarms and Errors ................ 103
RFC 2544 Global Configuration ............. 70
RFC 2544 Results Graph....................... 102
RFC 2544 Stream Configuration .... 74, 138
Throughput Configuration..................... 78
Throughput Results ............................... 94
Trace Route Configuration................... 198
Trace Route Results.............................. 199
Tabs ............................................................ 35
TALK .......................................................... 228
technical specifications.............................. 283
technical support ...................................... 280
temperature for storage............................ 269
Test Pattern ............................................... 110
Test Time..................................................... 78
test time.......................................... 78, 83, 85
Threshold ........ 94, 96, 98, 112, 119, 170, 172
Throughput ................................................. 72
Throughput Configuration .......................... 78
Throughput Results ............................. 94, 168
time................................................... 196, 201
Time Mode ........................................ 126, 183
time to live ................................................ 193
timeout ............................................. 193, 198
Tools Cable Test .......................................... 28
Tools Ping
Configuration ........................................ 28
Results ................................................... 28
Statistics ................................................ 28
Tools Trace Route
Configuration ........................................ 28
Results ................................................... 28
TOS ..................................... 76, 115, 140, 152
TOS/DS ................................ 76, 115, 140, 152
Total RX Frame Count ............................... 189
Total Tx Frame Count ................................ 189
Trace Route ............................................... 191
trace route ................................................ 198
Multi Protocol Test Set
No. table column ................................. 200
Trace Route Configuration......................... 198
Trace Route configuration ........................... 44
Trace Route Results.................................... 199
Traffic Generation & Monitoring ............... 131
Transceiver Mode ........................................ 46
Transmit .................................................... 252
transportation requirements.............. 269, 281
Trial #.......................................................... 88
troubleshooting......................................... 279
TTL............................... 76, 115, 140, 152, 196
TX Frames.................................................... 89
TX Rate ...................................................... 168
Tx Rate....................................... 109, 118, 189
type of service ........................................... 193
U
undersize ........................................... 105, 125
Unicast ...................................................... 179
unit recalibration ....................................... 270
User Defined frame size............................... 72
User Information ....................................... 257
User Preference.......................................... 255
V
Verdict Threshold ...................... 79, 82, 84, 86
VID ............................................................ 296
VLAN ................................................... 56, 296
VLAN ID ....................................................... 56
VLAN Priority ....................................... 56, 296
VLAN Type ................................................... 56
VLAN, priority ............................................ 296
Voice ......................................................... 229
W
warranty .................................................... 273
certification.......................................... 275
exclusions ............................................ 275
general................................................. 273
liability ................................................. 274
303
Index
null and void........................................ 273
Wire Map .................................................. 205
Wire Map Test Result................................. 208
Wiring Standard ........................................ 203
304
AXS-200/805/855
NOTICE
NOTICE
抩⛙
抩⛙
CHINESE
CHINESE REGULATION
REGULATION ON
ON RESTRICTION
RESTRICTION OF
OF HAZARDOUS
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
SUBSTANCES
₼⦌␂ℝ☀⹂䓸德棟Ⓟ䤓屓⸩
₼⦌␂ℝ☀⹂䓸德棟Ⓟ䤓屓⸩
NAMES
NAMES AND
AND CONTENTS
CONTENTS OF
OF THE
THE TOXIC
TOXIC OR
OR HAZARDOUS
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES
SUBSTANCES OR
OR ELEMENTS
ELEMENTS
CONTAINED
CONTAINED IN
IN THIS
THIS EXFO
EXFO PRODUCT
PRODUCT
▔⚺⦷㦻
▔⚺⦷㦻 EXFO
EXFO ℶ❐₼䤓㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德㒥⏒侯䤓⚜䱿✛⚺摞
ℶ❐₼䤓㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德㒥⏒侯䤓⚜䱿✛⚺摞
Indicates
Indicates that
that this
this toxic
toxic or
or hazardous
hazardous substance
substance contained
contained in
in all
all of
of the
the homogeneous
homogeneous
materials
materials for
for this
this part
part is
is below
below the
the limit
limit requirement
requirement in
in SJ/T11363-2006
SJ/T11363-2006
O
O 嫷䯉年㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德⦷年捷ↅ㓏㦘⧖德㧟㠨₼䤓⚺摞⧖⦷ SJ/T11363-2006 㪖⑕屓⸩䤓
嫷䯉年㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德⦷年捷ↅ㓏㦘⧖德㧟㠨₼䤓⚺摞⧖⦷ SJ/T11363-2006 㪖⑕屓⸩䤓
棟摞尐㻑ⅴₚᇭ
棟摞尐㻑ⅴₚᇭ
Indicates
Indicates that
that this
this toxic
toxic or
or hazardous
hazardous substance
substance contained
contained in
in at
at least
least one
one of
of the
the homogeneous
homogeneous
materials
used
for
this
part
is
above
the
limit
requirement
in
SJ/T11363-2006
materials
used
for
this
part
is
above
the
limit
requirement
in
SJ/T11363-2006
X
X
嫷䯉年㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德咂⺠⦷年捷ↅ䤓㩟₏⧖德㧟㠨₼䤓⚺摞怔⒉
嫷䯉年㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德咂⺠⦷年捷ↅ䤓㩟₏⧖德㧟㠨₼䤓⚺摞怔⒉ SJ/T11363-2006
SJ/T11363-2006 㪖⑕
㪖⑕
屓⸩䤓棟摞尐㻑ᇭ
屓⸩䤓棟摞尐㻑ᇭ
Part
Part Name
Name
捷ↅ⚜䱿
捷ↅ⚜䱿
Enclosure
Enclosure
⮥⮂
⮥⮂
Electronic
Electronic and
and
electrical
electrical
sub-assembly
sub-assembly
䟄⷟✛䟄⷟兓ↅ
䟄⷟✛䟄⷟兓ↅ
Optical
Optical a
sub-assembly
sub-assemblya
a
⏘ⷵ兓ↅ
⏘ⷵ兓ↅ a
Mechanical
Mechanical a
sub-assembly
sub-assemblya
a
㧉㬿兓ↅ
㧉㬿兓ↅ a
a.
a.
IfIf applicable.
applicable.
Ⱁ㨫抑䞷ᇭ
Ⱁ㨫抑䞷ᇭ
Lead
Lead
杔
杔
(Pb)
(Pb)
Toxic
Toxic or
or hazardous
hazardous Substances
Substances and
and Elements
Elements
㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德✛⏒侯
㦘㹡㦘⹂䓸德✛⏒侯
Hexavalent
Hexavalent Polybrominated
Polybrominated Polybrominated
Polybrominated
Mercury
Cadmium
Mercury Cadmium Chromium
biphenyls
diphenyl
Chromium
biphenyls
diphenyl ethers
ethers
㻭
椣
㻭
椣
⏼ↆ杻
⮩䅃勣啾
⮩䅃ℛ啾搩
⏼ↆ杻
⮩䅃勣啾
⮩䅃ℛ啾搩
(Hg)
(Cd)
(Hg)
(Cd)
(Cr
(PBB)
(PBDE)
(Cr VI)
VI)
(PBB)
(PBDE)
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
X
X
O
O
X
X
O
O
X
X
X
X
X
X
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
O
MARKING REQUIREMENTS
㪖㽷尐㻑
Product
Environmental protection use period (years)
Logo
ℶ❐
䘾⬒≬㔳∎䞷㦮棟 ( ㄃ )
㪖㉦
This Exfo product
㦻 EXFO ℶ❐
Batterya
䟄㻯 a
a.
If applicable.
Ⱁ㨫抑䞷ᇭ
10
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