Campbell | RavenXTV CDMA | Product manual | Campbell RavenXTV CDMA Product manual

RavenXTV CDMA
Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
Revision: 5/13
C o p y r i g h t © 2 0 0 6 - 2 0 1 3
C a m p b e l l S c i e n t i f i c , I n c .
Warranty
“PRODUCTS MANUFACTURED BY CAMPBELL SCIENTIFIC, INC. are
warranted by Campbell Scientific, Inc. (“Campbell”) to be free from defects in
materials and workmanship under normal use and service for twelve (12)
months from date of shipment unless otherwise specified in the corresponding
Campbell pricelist or product manual. Products not manufactured, but that are
re-sold by Campbell, are warranted only to the limits extended by the original
manufacturer. Batteries, fine-wire thermocouples, desiccant, and other
consumables have no warranty. Campbell’s obligation under this warranty is
limited to repairing or replacing (at Campbell’s option) defective products,
which shall be the sole and exclusive remedy under this warranty. The
customer shall assume all costs of removing, reinstalling, and shipping
defective products to Campbell. Campbell will return such products by surface
carrier prepaid within the continental United States of America. To all other
locations, Campbell will return such products best way CIP (Port of Entry)
INCOTERM® 2010, prepaid. This warranty shall not apply to any products
which have been subjected to modification, misuse, neglect, improper service,
accidents of nature, or shipping damage. This warranty is in lieu of all other
warranties, expressed or implied. The warranty for installation services
performed by Campbell such as programming to customer specifications,
electrical connections to products manufactured by Campbell, and product
specific training, is part of Campbell’s product warranty. CAMPBELL
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS AND EXCLUDES ANY IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Campbell is not liable for any special, indirect,
incidental, and/or consequential damages.”
Assistance
Products may not be returned without prior authorization. The following
contact information is for US and international customers residing in countries
served by Campbell Scientific, Inc. directly. Affiliate companies handle
repairs for customers within their territories. Please visit
www.campbellsci.com to determine which Campbell Scientific company serves
your country.
To obtain a Returned Materials Authorization (RMA), contact CAMPBELL
SCIENTIFIC, INC., phone (435) 227-9000. After an applications engineer
determines the nature of the problem, an RMA number will be issued. Please
write this number clearly on the outside of the shipping container. Campbell
Scientific’s shipping address is:
CAMPBELL SCIENTIFIC, INC.
RMA#_____
815 West 1800 North
Logan, Utah 84321-1784
For all returns, the customer must fill out a “Statement of Product Cleanliness
and Decontamination” form and comply with the requirements specified in it.
The form is available from our website at www.campbellsci.com/repair. A
completed form must be either emailed to repair@campbellsci.com or faxed to
(435) 227-9106. Campbell Scientific is unable to process any returns until we
receive this form. If the form is not received within three days of product
receipt or is incomplete, the product will be returned to the customer at the
customer’s expense. Campbell Scientific reserves the right to refuse service on
products that were exposed to contaminants that may cause health or safety
concerns for our employees.
Table of Contents
PDF viewers: These page numbers refer to the printed version of this document. Use the
PDF reader bookmarks tab for links to specific sections.
1. General Description....................................................1
2. Establish Cellular Service ..........................................1
2.1
RavenXTV Cellular Coverage/Service Requirements .........................1
3. Specifications .............................................................2
3.1
RavenXTV Specifications....................................................................2
4. Configuration ..............................................................3
4.1
4.2
4.3
Base Station Requirements for RavenXTV..........................................3
Datalogger Site Equipment ..................................................................3
Wiring and Connections.......................................................................6
4.3.1 Modem Connections Using PN 18663 Null Modem Cable ..........6
4.3.2 Modem Connections Using the SC105 .........................................7
4.3.3 Modem Connections Using the SC932A ......................................8
4.4
Power Considerations...........................................................................9
4.5
Automatic Provisioning (Activation) ...................................................9
5. Using AceManager to Program the Modem ...........11
5.1
Configuring the Raven for Dynamic IP .............................................14
6. LoggerNet/PC400 Software Setup...........................15
6.1
Test the Cellular Connection..............................................................17
7. Troubleshooting........................................................18
Appendices
A. AceManager Setup without Template File............ A-1
B. Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP................ B-1
C. EmailSend Using the Gmail Outgoing SMTP
Server .................................................................... C-1
C.1
C.2
C.3
Setting up a Gmail Account .............................................................C-1
Sending to Multiple Addresses ........................................................C-1
Sending a Text Message to a Phone.................................................C-2
i
Table of Contents
D. Troubleshooting Flowchart....................................D-1
Figures
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
4-4.
7-1.
7-2.
Antennas for use with the Raven modems .......................................... 5
Connections using PN 18663 Null Modem Cable............................... 6
Connections using the SC105.............................................................. 7
Connections using the SC932A........................................................... 8
Device Port configuration.................................................................. 21
AceManager status page showing communications with modem ..... 22
ii
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless
Cellular Modem
1.
General Description
This manual provides information for interfacing the Sierra Wireless
RavenXTV cellular modem to Campbell Scientific dataloggers. A Sierra
Wireless CD ships with the modem that includes Sierra Wireless manuals and
software utilities. Sierra Wireless manuals referenced in this manual include:
AceManagerGuide.pdf
Raven_XT_UserGuide.pdf
Raven_XT_QuickStart.pdf
The RavenXTV digital cellular modem is manufactured by Sierra Wireless for
use on the Verizon Wireless Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)/1xRTT
network. The modem is accessed through the Internet using TCP/IP
communications protocol using a Static or Dynamic IP address.
•
A Static IP address is permanently assigned to a particular account and
will always be used whenever the Raven connects to the Internet.
•
A Dynamic IP address is assigned on a “need to have” basis. A dynamic
IP address is used with a service such as IP Manager (Section 5.1,
Configuring the Raven for Dynamic IP) to translate a (domain name) to a
dynamic IP address, so that the Raven can be contacted by name as if it
had a static IP.
A Verizon account can be setup for a Static or Dynamic IP address; a Static IP
is preferred. Generally, there is a one-time-per-customer charge to activate a
Static IP account. Once activated, additional Static IP accounts may be added
at no additional charge.
Template files from CSI’s website (www.campbellsci.com/downloads) are used
to configure the RavenXTV modem to function as a serial server or in Point-toPoint protocol (PPP).
2.
Establish Cellular Service
2.1
RavenXTV Cellular Coverage/Service Requirements
What you need:
Verizon Wireless CDMA/1xRTT/EVDO coverage at the datalogger site. For a
coverage map, refer to: www.verizonwireless.com plans / coverage maps.
CDMA/1xRTT/EVDO Static IP or Dynamic IP account established at Verizon
Wireless. Verizon’s Broadband Access Plan is recommended. You will need
to request ‘unrestricted IP’.
1
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
To setup an account, you will need the ESN number of the modem. The ESN
number is listed on a label on the modem and also on the box. To setup an
account with Verizon Wireless, call:
888-384-1775 for Business Sales
800-256-4646 for Personal Sales
What you receive from Verizon:
10-digit Mobile Directory Number (MDN)
IP address (for a Static IP account only)
3.
Specifications
3.1
RavenXTV Specifications
Sierra Wireless RavenXT, model 2227-V
2
Technology:
CDMA 1xRTT, EVDO Rev. A, CDMA IS-95
Bands:
800 MHz Cellular,
1900 MHz PCS
Transmit Frequency:
1850 to 1910 MHz and 824 to 849 MHz
Transmit Power:
1.0 W for 1900 MHz; 0.8 W for 850 MHz
Receiver Frequency:
1930 to 1990 MHz and 869 to 894 MHz
CDMA Throughput:
Up to 80 kbps
RS-232 Data Rates:
1200 bps to 115.2 kbps
Serial Interface:
RS-232, DB9-F
Serial Protocols:
AT Commands, PPP, SLIP, UDP/IP, TCP/IP
RF Antenna Connector:
50 Ohm SMA (female)
Input Current Range:
50 to 250 mA
Typical Current Drain (at 12 Vdc):
50 mA dormant (idle for 10 to 20 seconds),
120 mA transmit/receive
Input Voltage Range:
6 to 28 Vdc
Operating Temperature Range:
–30° to +70°C
Operating Humidity Range:
5% to 95% RH non-condensing
Status LEDs:
Power, Network, Signal, Activity
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
4.
Dimensions
Width:
Depth:
Length:
7.6 cm (3 in)
2.5 cm (1 in)
10 cm (4 in)
Weight:
<0.5 kg (<1 lb)
Configuration
4.1
Base Station Requirements for RavenXTV
PC running Campbell Scientific’s LoggerNet or PC400 software, with access
to the Internet.
4.2
Datalogger Site Equipment
•
Raven modem with power cable (included with modem).
•
Datalogger—21X, CR510, CR10(X), CR23X, CR7, CR1000, CR5000,
CR3000, CR800.
•
Modem Interface
If connecting to CS I/O port:
SC105 or SC932A Interface—connects the modem to the 21X,
CR510, CR10(X), CR7, or other dataloggers’ CS I/O port.
The SC105 must be configured for use with the modem using the
Device Configuration Utility. Settings should be:
CS I/O Mode: SDC Address 7
RS-232 Mode: Modem
Baud Rate: 115.2K or 9600 baud depending on datalogger model
8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity
If connecting to RS-232 port:
PN 18663 Null Modem Cable—connects the modem to the
CR23X, CR3000, CR800, CR2XX, CR1000, or CR5000 RS-232
port.
•
PN 14394 Raven Mounting Kit—includes mounting hardware for securing
the modem to below-referenced environmental enclosure and a 9-pin male
to 9-pin female cable.
•
Antenna—the following antennas are available from Campbell Scientific.
Contact a Campbell Scientific applications technician for help in
determining the best antenna for your application.
o
The 20679 is a dual-band, omnidirectional antenna for our CDMA
and GPRS digital-cellular modems. It covers both the 800-MHz band
and the 1.9-GHz band. For the 800-MHz band, the 20679 provides a
3
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
0-dBd gain. For the 1.9-GHz band, the 20679 provides a 3-dBd gain.
This antenna is recommended for locations where cellular coverage is
strong.
The 20679 includes a mount/u-bolt assembly that allows the antenna
to be mounted to a mast, crossarm, or user-supplied pole (outer
diameter of up to 3.8 cm (1.5 in)).
4
o
The 18285 1 dBd omnidirectional antenna. This antenna is dual band,
covering both the 800 MHz and 1.9 GHz bands, and is strongly
recommended where cellular coverage is strong. The 18285 includes
a mount/u-bolt assembly for attaching the antenna to a mast, post, or
crossarm up to 3.8 cm (1.5 in) in diameter.
o
The 14454 9dBd Yagi Antenna is a higher gain antenna that should be
“aimed” at the service provider’s antenna. The 14454 is a 800 MHz
antenna and bracket/u-bolt assembly for attaching the antenna to a
mast or post. This antenna is recommended for fringe areas that
require a higher gain antenna.
o
The 21831 Half-Wave Dipole Whip Antenna is a lower gain antenna
used in transmitting short distances. It is an 800 MHz cellular antenna
that terminates in a SMA Male connector for attachment to the
modem. This antenna is intended for use inside the enclosure. Please
note that the backplate of the enclosure is a grounded plane. If it is
interposed between the antenna and the cell tower, it may attenuate
the strength of the transmission signal. Simply turning the enclosure
90 to 180 degrees on its mounting mast may solve weak transmission
issues.
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
PN 20679 Omni Directional Antenna
PN 18285 1 dBd Omni Directional Antenna
PN 14454 9dBd Directional Yagi Antenna
PN 21831 Half-Wave Dipole Whip Antenna
FIGURE 4-1. Antennas for use with the Raven modems
5
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
4.3
•
Power Supply (see power considerations).
•
Environmental Enclosure—ENC10/12, ENC12/14, or ENC16/18.
Wiring and Connections
4.3.1 Modem Connections Using PN 18663 Null Modem Cable
PN 18663 Null Modem Cable is used to connect the modem to the CR23X,
CR3000, CR800, CR2XX, CR1000 or CR5000 RS-232 port (not compatible
with the 21X, CR510, CR10X, or CR7 dataloggers).
Wiring:
Red
12V (or
switched 12V)
Black
G
White
Not Used
PN 18663
FIGURE 4-2. Connections using PN 18663 Null Modem Cable
6
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
4.3.2
.3.2 Modem Connections Using the SC105
The SC105 interface is used to connect the modem to a datalogger’s CS I/O
port, and is recommended for dataloggers with the PakBus operating system.
Wiring:
Red
12V (or
switched 12V)
Black
G
White
Not Used
10873 serial cable
provided with the SC105
SC105 Settings:
CS I/O Mode: SDC Address 7
RS-232 Mode: Modem
Baud Rate: 115.2K or 9600 baud depending on datalogger model
8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity
FIGURE 4-3. Connections using the SC105
7
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
4.3.3
.3.3 Modem Connections Using the SC932A
The SC932A interface is used to connect the modem to the CS I/O port, and is
recommended for dataloggers with the mixed-array operating system (e.g., the
CR10X).
Wiring:
Red
12V (or
switched 12V)
Black
G
White
Not Used
10873 serial cable
provided with the SC932A
FIGURE 4-4. Connections using the SC932A
8
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
4.4
Power Considerations
A power cable included with the modem connects to the datalogger’s 12 V or
switched 12 V terminal. Connection to the switched 12 V terminal allows the
datalogger to switch power to the modem during scheduled transmission
intervals if desired. Connect the red lead wire to 12 V for constant power and
to SW12 for program-controlled power, and the black lead to G (ground). The
white wire lead has no function and can be ignored.
When using the switched 12 V terminal, the modem can typically be powered
with a BP12 battery, CH100 charger/regulator, and SP10 solar panel.
4.5
Automatic Provisioning (Activation)
NOTE
It is recommended that the modem be provisioned and tested in
the office (assuming there is cellular coverage) rather than in the
field.
One of the special features of your RavenXTV is the ability to activate itself
automatically. When you first power on the RavenXTV, it will check to see if
it has been activated with account data. If it finds that it has not yet been
activated, the RavenXTV will attempt to retrieve the account data from the
Verizon network using Over-the-Air Service Provisioning (OTASP).
CAUTION
CAUTION
You need to have an account with Verizon before you
attempt automatic activation. If you have not ordered an
account from Verizon for your RavenXTV, it will not
succeed at activating.
1.
Attach the antenna to your RavenXTV.
2.
Plug the RavenXTV into power.
3.
While the LED lights cycle from the outside to the inside, the RavenXTV
is attempting to download its account information. The download process
may take one to two minutes to complete.
Do not move
programmed.
4.
your
RavenXTV
while
it
is
being
When the Network lights illuminate, your RavenXTV has successfully
completed OTASP and is registered on the Verizon network.
9
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
Indicator Lights
When your RavenXTV is connected to power and an antenna, there is a
specific pattern to the lights to indicate its operation mode.
•
Network—Indicates a successful connection to the cellular network with
an IP address given and a channel acquired.
•
Signal—Light shows the strength of the signal and may be nearly solid
(strong signal) or flashing (weaker signal). A slow flash indicates a very
weak signal.
•
Activity—Lights will flash as data is transferred to and from the PinPoint
modem on the remote network.
•
Power—Indicates the power adapter is connected and there is power
getting to the RavenXTV.
•
The Reset button (on the left side of the RavenXTV) has two functions.
If it is quickly depressed and released, the modem will simply power cycle
the internal hardware. If, however, the reset is depressed and held for
several seconds (count to 10 slowly and wait for the power light to go off
after the light pattern stops), the ALEOS configuration settings will return
to the factory defaults.
Light Patterns
The LEDs on the front of the modem will respond in different patterns to
indicate modem states.
10
•
Normal—Each LED, mentioned above, lit as applicable.
•
Start up—The LEDs will cycle from left to right.
•
PassThru Mode—Network and Signal LEDs will blink in tandem. The
Activity LED will blink when transmitting or receiving data.
•
SOS—The Network LED blinks.
•
Configuration Reset—The LEDs will cycle left to right and then right to
left 4 times.
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
5.
•
Authentication Failure—The Network, Signal, and Activity LEDs blink
every 2 seconds. Contact the cellular provider and have the account
information verified, and verify the modem is located in an area covered
by cellular service.
•
Data Retry—The Network, Signal, and Activity LEDs blink every 3
seconds.
Using AceManager to Program the Modem
After the Raven has been provisioned, certain settings have to be changed for
the modem to be compatible with CSI dataloggers. The recommended way to
change the settings is to send a template file to the modem using the
AceManager utility.
The AceManager utility is on the CD that ships with the Raven modem and is
also available from Sierra Wireless (www.sierrawireless.com/support).
To install AceManager from the Sierra Wireless CD, click on the
“AceManager” link under Modem Utilities and follow the prompts. Once the
application has been installed, it can be run from the Windows Start menu or
from the icon on the desktop.
Template files from CSI’s website (www.campbellsci.com/downloads) are used
to configure the RavenXTV modem to function as a serial server or in Point-toPoint protocol (PPP):
Template files for the RavenXTV
Description
Raven CDMA Template 115200
Serial server mode, for newer
dataloggers* that support 115200
baud, recommended for most
applications
Raven CDMA Template 9600
Serial server mode, for older
dataloggers** that support 9600 baud
Raven CDMA PPP Template 115200
PPP mode, for newer dataloggers*
* CR1000, CR800, CR3000
** CR200(X), CR10(X), CR510, CR500, 21X, and CR7
As a serial server, the modem has an IP address and port number (3001) for the
Raven’s RS-232 port. LoggerNet sends data via TCP/IP over the Internet to
the datalogger. The modem removes the data from the TCP packet and sends
the data out the RS-232 port to the datalogger. Returning data is put into a
TCP packet by the modem and sent back to LoggerNet.
When configured as PPP, the Raven functions as a router, routing TCP/IP
communications to the IP stack of the datalogger. PPP enables the datalogger
to send/receive messages via email, HTTP, FTP to and from the datalogger,
and it allows concurrent communications between networked dataloggers and
LoggerNet.
11
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
Connect the Raven to a COM port on the PC with a direct RS-232 cable. Also
connect the antenna and 12V power.
Run AceManager to get the following screen:
Click the Connect icon in the Configuration Panel to open the connection
options dialogue box. Select PPP and choose the COM port the modem is
connected to. Do not change the Password (the default password is 12345).
Click OK to continue.
If the modem has been configured for “PPP” (see Appendix B, Configuring the
Raven Modem for PPP), then you may have to check the “Use SOS Mode”
box.
12
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
Click the Load icon in the Configuration Panel. When prompted for a
template file name, select “Raven CDMA Template 115200”, “Raven CDMA
Template 9600”, or “Raven CDMA PPP Template 115200”. The following
screens show the settings for the Miscellaneous and Serial settings after the
template file has been loaded.
Change “AT Verbose Mode” to “Numeric” for use with CR10(X), CR510,
and CR23X dataloggers.
Click the Write icon to save the changes made by the template file.
Click the Reset icon to restart the modem. The other ways to reset the modem
are by pressing the reset button on the front of the modem or removing the
power from the modem.
Click the Disconnect icon to terminate communications with the modem.
13
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
WARNING
5.1
Unless you Write the commands, the changes made in
New Value will not be sent to the modem. For some
commands unless you Reset the modem, the newly
written values will not take effect.
Configuring the Raven for Dynamic IP
Dynamic IP addresses are granted only when a modem or other device is
connected. The address can change each time the modem or device reconnects
to the network.
IP Manager is a free service provided by Sierra Wireless for the Raven to
translate a dynamic IP address into a fully qualified domain name so it can be
contacted directly on the Internet. IP Manager translates a dynamic IP address
to a fully qualified domain name so you can contact your Raven by name as if
it had a static IP.
If the Raven is configured for Dynamic IP, when the Raven first connects to
the Internet, it sends an IP change notification to IP Manager. IP Manager will
acknowledge the change and update the dynamic DNS record. The changed IP
address will then be the address for the Raven’s configured name. Once the
Raven’s IP has been updated in IP Manager, it can be contacted via name.
AceManager is used to configure the Dynamic IP settings in your Raven so
that it will use IP Manager as described below.
Connect with modem using AceManager. Select the Dynamic IP group to
configure your modem to use IP Manager.
To configure your Sierra Wireless modem to be addressed by name, the
modem needs to have four elements configured.
Enter names in the New Value fields for MODEMNAME, DOMAIN,
IPMANAGER1, IPMANAGER2, and IPMGRUPDATE1.
14
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
1.
Modem name: A unique name for the modem (the 10-digit MDN number
is recommended).
2.
Domain: The domain name to be used by the modem (eairlink.com).
3.
IP Manager IP Address: The IP or domain name of the dynamic DNS
server which is running IP Manager.
IPMANAGER1: edns2.eairlink.com
IPMANAGER2: eairlink.com
4.
IP Manager update interval: How often you want the address sent to IP
Manager. If this is set to zero, the modem will only send an update if the
IP changes (i.e., if the modem is reset or is assigned a different IP). The
value can be set from 0 to 255 minutes.
Restrictions for modem name:
•
•
•
•
Must begin with a letter or number
Can include a hyphen (-)
Cannot contain spaces
Must be no longer than 20 characters total
Click the Write icon to save the changes.
Click the Reset icon to restart the modem.
Click the Disconnect icon to terminate communications with the modem.
6.
LoggerNet/PC400 Software Setup
The Loggernet “Device Map” is configured from the “Setup” button on the
LoggerNet Toolbar.
NOTE
Setup has two options, “EZ (simplified)” and “Standard”. Click
on the “View” menu item at the top of the Setup Screen, and
select “Standard” view.
From the Loggernet Toolbar, click Main | Setup, and configure the Device Map
as described below.
1.
Select Add Root | IPPort.
2.
Add a datalogger to the IPPort (PakBus dataloggers; e.g., the CR1000,
require a PakBusPort).
15
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
3.
On the IPPort page, add the IP address or Domain Name and the Port
number (the Raven template file configures the port to be 3001). Add four
seconds of extra response time.
Example settings for a “Static IP” address:
Preceding zeros are not entered in the Internet IP Address (e.g.,
070.218.074.247 is entered as 70.218.74.247). Follow the IP address with
“:3001”, which is the port number (set by the template file). For modems
configured as “PPP” the port number is “:6785”.
Example settings for a “Dynamic IP” address:
For a Dynamic IP using Sierra Wireless’s IP Manager, enter the Internet IP
address as: xxxx.yyyy:3001, where xxxx is the modem name, yyyy is the
Domain name, and 3001 is the port number. For modems configured as
“PPP” the port number is “:6785”.
16
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
6.1
4.
For PakBus dataloggers, leave the default settings on the PakBusPort page.
“PakBus Port Always Open” should not be checked.
5.
For PakBus dataloggers, set the PakBus address to match that of the
datalogger (default address in the datalogger is 1). Click the “Apply”
button to save the changes.
Test the Cellular Connection
After the Device Map has been configured, test the cellular connection using
the “Connect” screen as shown below. Click on the appropriate station, then
click the “Connect” button to initiate a call to the datalogger. If the call is
successful, the connectors at the bottom of the screen will come together, and
time information from the datalogger displayed will be the “Station
Date/Time” field. If the connection fails, a “Communications Failure”
message is displayed. Troubleshooting procedures can be found in Section 7,
Troubleshooting, and Appendix D, Troubleshooting Flowchart.
17
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
7.
Troubleshooting
NOTE
Please refer to Appendix D, Troubleshooting Flowchart, for
additional troubleshooting procedures.
If LoggerNet/PC400 software is unable to establish a connection with the
modem:
1.
18
Check your account information (you may have to call your provider for
this or look at your agreement).
a.
Verify there is coverage at your location.
b.
Check the Network light. Network — indicates a successful
connection to the cellular network with an IP Address given and a
channel acquired.
c.
Make sure the modem has sufficient power.
d.
Check the signal strength using AceManager (make sure your antenna
is properly connected and oriented). Signal strength should be in the
–51 to –90 range (–51 is a strong signal, –90 is a weak signal).
e.
Make sure you have digital (not analog) coverage. For the
RavenXTV this should be a CDMA/1xRTT/EVDO account.
f.
If you have a Static IP account, verify the Static IP Address.
Preceding zeros in the IP address are not entered in
LoggerNet/PC400.
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
g.
2.
If you have a Dynamic IP account, you will need to have a DDNS
(dynamic domain name server) name that LoggerNet can reference to
make the connection (Section 5.1, Configuring the Raven for Dynamic
IP).
Connect with the modem through the serial port using AceManager.
a.
If the modem has been configured for “PPP” (see Appendix B,
Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP), then you may have to check
the “Use SOS Mode” box.
b.
From the “Status” group, make sure the “Network State” is “Network
Ready”, and note the “Network IP” address. This is the current IP
address for the modem (a dynamic IP address will change each time
the modem is reset). Try connecting to this IP address using
LoggerNet. If LoggerNet connects with the IP address, but not with
the modem name.domain name, then there may be a problem with the
Dynamic IP setup in the modem (Section 5.1, Configuring the Raven
for Dynamic IP).
19
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
c.
Select the “Serial” Group, and make sure the “AT Verbose Mode” is
set to “Numeric” for use with the CR10(X), CR510, and CR23X
dataloggers, or “Verbose” for other dataloggers (e.g., CR1000).
If the modem answers but you do not get a connection to the datalogger:
1.
Check your connection to the datalogger.
a.
An SC932A or SC105 interface is required to connect the modem to a
datalogger’s CS I/O port (Section 4, Configuration). The default
settings for SC105 (OS > 4) can be used with the RavenXTV when
the modem is configured for 115200 baud (baud rate is set by the
template file).
Baud rate of the SC105 must match the baud rate in the modem
(which has to be supported by the datalogger). SC105 settings for use
with the RavenXT are listed below, which are configured using the
DevConfig utility.
SC105 settings for the RavenXT:
CS I/O Mode: SDC Address 7
RS-232 Mode: Modem
Baud Rate: 115.2K or 9600 baud depending on datalogger model
8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity
Make sure the modem is connected to the “DCE Device” connector
on the SC932A, or the “Modem” connector on the SC105.
b.
20
A null modem cable is required to connect the modem to a
datalogger’s RS-232 port. No other interface is required.
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
2.
Check your LoggerNet setup.
a.
Make sure the port number at the end of the IP address matches the
port number of the Raven (e.g., 3001, see FIGURE 7-1).
FIGURE 7-1. Device Port configuration
b.
Try adding a few seconds to the extra response time on the IP Port in
LoggerNet (you should not need more than 5 seconds).
c.
If you are trying to communicate to a PakBus datalogger:
i.
Verify the PakBus address in the setup screen matches that of the
datalogger.
ii. If you have multiple PakBus networks/ports setup in LoggerNet,
uncheck the ‘PakBus Port Always Open’ options on all PakBus
ports.
21
RavenXTV CDMA Sierra Wireless Cellular Modem
3.
Use AceManager to check modem communications with datalogger.
The modem’s “Host Serial Bytes Sent” and “Host Serial Bytes Received”
windows can indicate whether or not the modem is communicating with
the datalogger.
Establish a connection with the modem through the cellular network using
AceManager (click on the Modem menu item, Connect, UDP. Enter the
IP address, and click OK). Go to the Status group and note the “Host
Serial Bytes Sent” and “Host Serial Bytes Received” values (FIGURE
7-2). Try connecting with the datalogger using LoggerNet/PC400. If a
connection cannot be established, close LoggerNet and reconnect with
AceManager and compare the current values with the previous values.
If the values are the same, the modem is not attempting to make a
connection with the datalogger. Check that the ravencdma_XXX.xml
template file has been loaded (Section 5, Using AceManager to Program
the Modem).
If the “Host Serial Bytes Sent” increased, the modem attempted to connect
to the datalogger, but the response from the datalogger did not make it
back to the modem. Check the interface between the modem and the
datalogger (Section 4.2, Datalogger Site Equipment).
If both values incremented, the modem and the datalogger are
communicating. Try adding some extra response time in LoggerNet.
NOTE
Baud rate changes require the modem to be reset before the
change takes affect. Click the Reset icon in AceManager to the
reset the modem and implement the change.
FIGURE 7-2. AceManager status page showing communications
with modem
22
Appendix A. AceManager Setup
without Template File
AceManager is used to program settings in the RavenXT modems to make the
modems compatible with CSI dataloggers. Sierra Wireless CDMA and GPRS
template files to send the modems are available on the CSI website
(www.campbellsci.com/downloads). The procedure for sending the template
files is described in Section 5, Using AceManager to Program the Modem.
When the template files are not available, AceManager can be used to change
the settings described below.
For a direct connection on a COM port use PPP.
Make a note of the Device port (*DPORT). The default is 12345 and we use
3001 in our template. Any valid port can be used. This is the port number
used in LoggerNet to get to the datalogger.
A-1
Appendix A. AceManager Setup without Template File
A-2
•
S23 — Configure Serial Port — The baud rate needs to be configured to
match a valid datalogger baud rate. For a CR10X: 9600,8N1 and for a
CR1000: 115200,8N1.
•
\Q — Serial Port Flow Control — This should be set to None.
•
V — AT Verbose Mode — Set this to Verbose for CR800, CR1000,
CR3000; Numeric for CR10(X), CR510, CR23X.
•
&D — DTR Mode — Set to Ignore DTR
•
S211 — DTR Mode – Set to Ignore DTR
•
S0 — TCP Auto Answer — Set to On
•
TCPT — TCP Idle Timeout — Set to a reasonable value like 2 min.
Appendix B. Configuring the Raven
Modem for PPP
Settings in the Raven and datalogger (CR800, CR1000, and CR3000), can be
changed to configure the RS-232 serial ports for Point-to-Point protocol (PPP).
When configured as PPP, the Raven functions as a router, routing TCP/IP
communications to the IP stack of the datalogger. PPP enables the datalogger
to send/receive messages via email, HTTP, FTP to and from the datalogger,
and allows concurrent communications between networked dataloggers and
LoggerNet.
The default datalogger port number for PakBus/TCP communications is 6785.
The datalogger will also respond to port 80 for HTTP, 23 for Telnet, and 21 for
FTP. These ports can be disabled in the datalogger’s configuration.
NOTE
After the RS-232 port on the modem has been configured as
PPP, use AceManager with a TCP or UDP connection to
establish communications with the modem. It may also be
possible to connect with the modem through its RS-232 port
using the “SOS” mode.
Raven Settings for PPP Mode:
Download the “Raven CDMA PPP Template 115200” template file from
www.campbellsci.com/downloads as described in Section 5, Using
AceManager to Program the Modem. The template file configures the
following settings in the “PPP/Ethernet” Group:
•
•
HOSTPRIVMODE = 1
HOSTPRIVIP = 192.168.13.100
This will configure the Raven to use NAT (Network Address Translation).
These may be the default values depending on the version of firmware in the
modem.
B-1
Appendix B. Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP
•
B-2
MD = 02-PPP
Appendix B. Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP
Datalogger Settings:
Using the Device Configuration Utility, configure the following setting on the
“PPP” tab:
•
•
•
•
•
NOTE
Config Port Used = RS-232
IP Address = 0.0.0.0
Modem Dial String = PPP
Modem Dial Response = CONNECT
User Name and Password are blank
These settings are case sensitive and need to be upper case.
B-3
Appendix B. Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP
Using the Device Configuration Utility, select the “Network Services” tab.
The “PakBus/TCP Service Port” default is 6785. This is the “Port” number
that will follow the “IP address” for LoggerNet to communicate with the
datalogger.
Using the Device Configuration Utility, fix the RS-232 Baud Rate to “115200
Fixed” from the “ComPorts Settings” tab.
B-4
Appendix B. Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP
LoggerNet Settings:
Enter the IP address of the Raven, and the PakBus/TCP Service Port number of
the datalogger (e.g., 6785 as explained above).
B-5
Appendix B. Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP
B-6
Appendix C. EmailSend Using the
Gmail Outgoing SMTP Server
The datalogger has a mail client in it similar to a mail client on a computer.
For the datalogger to send an email, it needs an SMTP server to send through
like any other mail client. The Gmail SMTP server can be used for sending
outgoing email from the datalogger. Both the modem and the datalogger must
be configured for PPP as described in Appendix B, Configuring the Raven
Modem for PPP.
C.1 Setting up a Gmail Account
First you need to create a Gmail account if you do not already have one. To
create one go to www.gmail.com from your PC. Gmail accounts are free of
charge.
The credentials to access the mail server will be the username and password
used when creating the Gmail account.
In the following example program you will see:
•
•
•
NOTE
ServerAddr set to smtp.gmail.com:587
UserName set to (the gmail account user name).
Password (the one you established at gmail)
Gmail requires Transport Layer Security (TLS) to connect to
their mail server. You must go into the Settings Editor in the
Device Configuration Utility to enable TLS in the datalogger.
Early in 2013, Gmail changed the way they receive email. The changes require
a port number of 587 to be added to the IP address or server name you are
sending to (i.e., 174.194.68.108:587, smtp.gmail.com:587). This will allow for
the datalogger to establish a TLS connection with the correct SMTP (Simple
Mail Transfer Protocol) port on Gmail’s SMTP servers.
Also, a new security feature has been added to Gmail that will prompt if the
device/PC sending the email is authorized to do so. You will see a message in
the Result variable (of the EmailSend Instruction) that states something to the
effect of opening your email account in your web browser. If you see this
message, open your web browser and point it to http://email.google.com. Enter
the username and password that your datalogger is using to send email with.
You should then see a red bar at the top of the browser screen. Follow the
listed instructions to allow the datalogger to send email.
C.2 Sending to Multiple Addresses
Sending to multiple email address can be done by using a comma to separate
the email addresses (4355551212@hotmail.com, 4355551234@vtext.com).
C-1
Appendix C. EmailSend Using the Gmail Outgoing SMTP Server
C.3 Sending a Text Message to a Phone
To send a text message to a phone, the email needs to be converted to a text
message via an email to text message gateway. Most cellular providers have
an email to text message service for their phone subscribers. To send a text
message to Verizon Wireless phone subscribers, send an email to the (10 digit
phone number of the person’s phone)@vtext.com (4355551234@vtext.com).
Most text messages are limited to 160 characters, so any email messages
greater than 160 characters will be truncated.
Email-to-Text Message Gateways
T-Mobile: phonenumber@tmomail.net
Virgin Mobile: phonenumber@vmobl.com
AT&T: phonenumber@txt.att.net
Sprint: phonenumber@messaging.sprintpcs.com
Verizon: phonenumber@vtext.com
EmailSend Program Example
The following example sends an email message when an alarm condition is
True. Both the CR1000 and Raven modem must be configured as PPP as
described in Appendix B, Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP.
Transport Layer Security (TLS) must be enabled in the datalogger to use
the Gmail mail server.
'Main program variables
Public Batt, RefTemp, Temp
Public Socket AS Long
'declare Email parameter strings (as constants), Message String & Result Variable
Const ServerAddr="smtp.gmail.com:587"
Const UserName="gmail account name"
Const Password="datalogger"
Const ToAddr="datalogger@hotmail.com, 4355551234@vtext.com"
Const FromAddr="gmailaccount@gmail.com"
Const Subject="Email Message Test"
Const Attach=""
Const CRLF = CHR(13)+CHR(10)
Public Result as String * 100
Public AlarmTrigger As Boolean
Public Message As String * 250
Public EmailSuccess As Boolean
DataTable (TenSecData,True,-1)
DataInterval (0,10,Sec,10)
Sample (1,Batt,FP2)
Sample (1,Temp,FP2)
EndTable
BeginProg
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
Battery (Batt)
PanelTemp (RefTemp,250)
TCDiff (Temp,1,mV2_5C,1,TypeT,RefTemp,True ,0,250,1.0,0)
CallTable TenSecData
NextScan
SlowSequence
Scan(1,sec,1,0)
If AlarmTrigger = False Then
C-2
Appendix B. Configuring the Raven Modem for PPP
If Temp > 27 Then AlarmTrigger = True
If AlarmTrigger Then
Message = "Warning!" + CRLF + CRLF
Message = Message + "An alarm condition has been identified. "
Message = Message + "The temperature is " + Temp + " degrees C." + CRLF + CRLF
Message = Message + "Datalogger time is " + Status.Timestamp
EmailSuccess=EmailSend (ServerAddr,ToAddr,FromAddr,Subject,Message,Attach,UserName,Password,Result)
EndIf
EndIf
If Temp < 27 Then AlarmTrigger=False
NextScan
EndProg
C-3
Appendix C. EmailSend Using the Gmail Outgoing SMTP Server
C-4
Appendix D. Troubleshooting
Flowchart
Can’t connect...
Is Network LED on solid?
Yes
Go to page D-2.
No
Not provisioned/registered
on network.
Verizon or AT&T?
AT&T
Go to page D-4.
Verizon
Check coverage map.
Are you in an area that
should be covered?
Yes
May be out of Verizon’s
‘native’ network. Selfprovisioning may not work
in this case (though this is
increasingly rare). Try
setting up the modem in an
area with strong cellular
coverage and then
installing it.
No
No solution available.
Or
May be something with
Verizon account; contact
Verizon.
D-1
Appendix D. Troubleshooting Flowchart
Can’t connect, Network light is solid...
Check signal strength (should
be between -51 (strong) and
-91 (weak).
Strong
Static or Dynamic IP?
Weak
Weak signals are more affected
by RF noise. This may prevent
making a strong enough
connection to send/receive data.
Static
Verify IP entered correctly.
Preceding zeros are not entered
in LoggerNet or PC400.
Dynamic
Check dynamic DNS entered
correctly.
Yes
Connect with AceManager:
Status: NetworkState=NetworkReady?
Note IP and try this IP in LoggerNet:
If this works, the Dynamic setup is
incorrect.
Incorrect
Go to Dynamic setup
in manual.
Correct
May have been assigned IP
behind Verizon’s firewall —
do you have a mobile
terminated IP?
No or don’t know
Yes — continued on next page
D-2
Check with Verizon billing
department — need an IP
that is NOT in the general IP
pool. Without this, can only
have datalogger send data.
Appendix D. Troubleshooting Flowchart
Can’t connect, Network light is solid... (cont.)
Have mobile terminated IP
PPP or Serial Server
PPP
Serial Server
Is DPort (AceManager; Misc
Group) set to 3001?
Or 6785?
Is LoggerNet trying to
connect to same?
Was correct template loaded
into AceManager?
Yes
Could be wrong baud rate.
Did you click “Write” and
then “Reset”?
Yes
Verify Dport (AceManager;
Misc group) is set to 3001.
Verify baud rate is correct for
datalogger.
In AceManager (Status
group); Check Host Serial
Bytes Sent/Received — try to
connect to logger — check
Host sent/received again.
Should be correct if the
correct template was loaded,
written and the modem
reset.
If LoggerNet is set to
connect to the DPort
of the modem, it will
connect only to the
modem, rather than
through the modem
to the logger.
If sent increases, but
received does not, almost
always a physical
connection between the
logger and modem, not the
modem.
D-3
Appendix D. Troubleshooting Flowchart
Can’t connect, AT&T...
(cont. from page D-1)
Was SIM card installed?
No
Contact AT&T if don’t have.
Yes
Was correct template loaded
in AceManager, written to
the modem and the modem
reset?
Yes
Was APN entered and
correct?
Yes
Go to page D-2.
D-4
I2Gold is best for static IP outside firewall
(but extra $/mo)
Note: I2Gold does not allow mobile to
mobile communication, so if the application
requires loggers to communicate with each
other via the cell modems, this APN will
not work.
Appendix D. Troubleshooting Flowchart
One computer can connect, other(s) cannot...
PPP or Serial Server?
PPP
Serial Server
If multiple PCs are trying to
connect simultaneously, do
they have unique PakBus
addresses?
In this mode, it’s first come,
first serve, so one connection
can exclude others.
In LoggerNet, is PakBus port
set to “Always Open”?
Yes
Uncheck
No
In LoggerNet, is IP port
“Callback enable” checked?
Yes
Uncheck
No
Connect with AceManager;
under Status; what does
HostMode say?
“TCP”
Something is currently
connected and preventing
other connections.
“AT”
If none of these fix the issue,
the customer should check
their firewall.
“AT” = ready for incoming
communications
D-5
Appendix D. Troubleshooting Flowchart
D-6
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Campbell Scientific, Inc. (CSI)
815 West 1800 North
Logan, Utah 84321
UNITED STATES
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PO Box 2450
Somerset West 7129
SOUTH AFRICA
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PO Box 8108
Garbutt Post Shop QLD 4814
AUSTRALIA
www.campbellsci.com.au • info@campbellsci.com.au
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Rua Apinagés, nbr. 2018 ─ Perdizes
CEP: 01258-00 ─ São Paulo ─ SP
BRASIL
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Campbell Scientific Canada Corp. (CSC)
11564 - 149th Street NW
Edmonton, Alberta T5M 1W7
CANADA
www.campbellsci.ca • dataloggers@campbellsci.ca
Campbell Scientific Centro Caribe S.A. (CSCC)
300 N Cementerio, Edificio Breller
Santo Domingo, Heredia 40305
COSTA RICA
www.campbellsci.cc • info@campbellsci.cc
Campbell Scientific Ltd. (CSL)
Campbell Park
80 Hathern Road
Shepshed, Loughborough LE12 9GX
UNITED KINGDOM
www.campbellsci.co.uk • sales@campbellsci.co.uk
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3 Avenue de la Division Leclerc
92160 ANTONY
FRANCE
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Avda. Pompeu Fabra 7-9, local 1
08024 Barcelona
SPAIN
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Please visit www.campbellsci.com to obtain contact information for your local US or international representative.
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