Renesas | User System Interface Board HS7047ECH61H | User`s manual | Renesas User System Interface Board HS7047ECH61H User`s manual

REJ10J1116-0400
SH7046 E6000H Emulator
User’s Manual
Renesas Microcomputer Development Environment System
SuperH™ Family / SH7046 Series
SuperH™ Family / SH7047 Series
SuperH™ Family / SH7144 Series
HS7046EPH60HE
Rev.4.00
Revision Date: Oct. 21, 2005
Keep safety first in your circuit designs!
1. Renesas Technology Corp. puts the maximum effort into making semiconductor products better and
more reliable, but there is always the possibility that trouble may occur with them. Trouble with
semiconductors may lead to personal injury, fire or property damage.
Remember to give due consideration to safety when making your circuit designs, with appropriate
measures such as (i) placement of substitutive, auxiliary circuits, (ii) use of nonflammable material or
(iii) prevention against any malfunction or mishap.
Notes regarding these materials
1. These materials are intended as a reference to assist our customers in the selection of the Renesas
Technology Corp. product best suited to the customer's application; they do not convey any license
under any intellectual property rights, or any other rights, belonging to Renesas Technology Corp. or
a third party.
2. Renesas Technology Corp. assumes no responsibility for any damage, or infringement of any thirdparty's rights, originating in the use of any product data, diagrams, charts, programs, algorithms, or
circuit application examples contained in these materials.
3. All information contained in these materials, including product data, diagrams, charts, programs and
algorithms represents information on products at the time of publication of these materials, and are
subject to change by Renesas Technology Corp. without notice due to product improvements or
other reasons. It is therefore recommended that customers contact Renesas Technology Corp. or
an authorized Renesas Technology Corp. product distributor for the latest product information
before purchasing a product listed herein.
The information described here may contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Renesas Technology Corp. assumes no responsibility for any damage, liability, or other loss rising
from these inaccuracies or errors.
Please also pay attention to information published by Renesas Technology Corp. by various means,
including the Renesas Technology Corp. Semiconductor home page (http://www.renesas.com).
4. When using any or all of the information contained in these materials, including product data,
diagrams, charts, programs, and algorithms, please be sure to evaluate all information as a total
system before making a final decision on the applicability of the information and products. Renesas
Technology Corp. assumes no responsibility for any damage, liability or other loss resulting from the
information contained herein.
5. Renesas Technology Corp. semiconductors are not designed or manufactured for use in a device or
system that is used under circumstances in which human life is potentially at stake. Please contact
Renesas Technology Corp. or an authorized Renesas Technology Corp. product distributor when
considering the use of a product contained herein for any specific purposes, such as apparatus or
systems for transportation, vehicular, medical, aerospace, nuclear, or undersea repeater use.
6. The prior written approval of Renesas Technology Corp. is necessary to reprint or reproduce in
whole or in part these materials.
7. If these products or technologies are subject to the Japanese export control restrictions, they must
be exported under a license from the Japanese government and cannot be imported into a country
other than the approved destination.
Any diversion or reexport contrary to the export control laws and regulations of Japan and/or the
country of destination is prohibited.
8. Please contact Renesas Technology Corp. for further details on these materials or the products
contained therein.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
READ FIRST
• READ this user's manual before using this emulator product.
• KEEP the user's manual handy for future reference.
Do not attempt to use the emulator product until you fully understand its mechanism.
Emulator Product:
Throughout this document, the term "emulator product" shall be defined as the following
products produced only by Renesas Technology Corp. excluding all subsidiary products.
•
•
•
•
Emulator station
PC interface board
User system interface board
Cable
The user system or a host computer is not included in this definition.
Purpose of the Emulator Product:
This emulator product is a software and hardware development tool for systems employing the
Renesas microcomputer. This emulator product must only be used for the above purpose.
Limited Applications:
This emulator product is not authorized for use in MEDICAL, atomic energy, aeronautical or
space technology applications without consent of the appropriate officer of a Renesas sales
company. Such use includes, but is not limited to, use in life support systems. Buyers of this
emulator product must notify the relevant Renesas sales offices before planning to use the product
in such applications.
Improvement Policy:
Renesas Technology Corp. (including its subsidiaries, hereafter collectively referred to as
Renesas) pursues a policy of continuing improvement in design, performance, and safety of the
emulator product. Renesas reserves the right to change, wholly or partially, the specifications,
design, user's manual, and other documentation at any time without notice.
Target User of the Emulator Product:
This emulator product should only be used by those who have carefully read and thoroughly
understood the information and restrictions contained in the user's manual. Do not attempt to use
the emulator product until you fully understand its mechanism.
It is highly recommended that first-time users be instructed by users that are well versed in the
operation of the emulator product.
I
LIMITED WARRANTY
Renesas warrants its emulator products to be manufactured in
accordance with published specifications and free from defects in
material and/or workmanship. Renesas, at its option, will repair or
replace any emulator products returned intact to the factory,
transportation charges prepaid, which Renesas, upon inspection,
determine to be defective in material and/or workmanship. The
foregoing shall constitute the sole remedy for any breach of Renesas'
warranty. See the Renesas warranty booklet for details on the warranty
period. This warranty extends only to you, the original Purchaser. It is
not transferable to anyone who subsequently purchases the emulator
product from you. Renesas is not liable for any claim made by a third
party or made by you for a third party.
DISCLAIMER
RENESAS MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EITHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, ORAL OR WRITTEN, EXCEPT AS PROVIDED
HEREIN, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION THEREOF,
WARRANTIES AS TO MARKETABILITY, MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE, OR
AGAINST INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PATENT. IN NO EVENT
SHALL RENESAS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INCIDENTAL
OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY NATURE, OR
LOSSES OR EXPENSES RESULTING FROM ANY DEFECTIVE
EMULATOR PRODUCT, THE USE OF ANY EMULATOR
PRODUCT, OR ITS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF ADVISED
OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. EXCEPT AS
EXPRESSLY STATED OTHERWISE IN THIS WARRANTY,
THIS EMULATOR PRODUCT IS SOLD "AS IS ", AND YOU
MUST ASSUME ALL RISK FOR THE USE AND RESULTS
OBTAINED FROM THE EMULATOR PRODUCT.
II
State Law:
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties or liability for
incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which may vary from
state to state.
The Warranty is Void in the Following Cases:
Renesas shall have no liability or legal responsibility for any problems caused by misuse,
abuse, misapplication, neglect, improper handling, installation, repair or modifications of the
emulator product without Renesas’ prior written consent or any problems caused by the user
system.
All Rights Reserved:
This user's manual and emulator product are copyrighted and all rights are reserved by
Renesas. No part of this user's manual, all or part, may be reproduced or duplicated in any form,
in hard-copy or machine-readable form, by any means available without Renesas' prior written
consent.
Other Important Things to Keep in Mind:
1. Circuitry and other examples described herein are meant merely to indicate the characteristics
and performance of Renesas' semiconductor products. Renesas assumes no responsibility for
any intellectual property claims or other problems that may result from applications based on
the examples described herein.
2. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patents or other rights of any third
party or Renesas.
Figures:
Some figures in this user's manual may show items different from your actual system.
Limited Anticipation of Danger:
Renesas cannot anticipate every possible circumstance that might involve a potential hazard.
The warnings in this user's manual and on the emulator product are therefore not all inclusive.
Therefore, you must use the emulator product safely at your own risk.
III
SAFETY PAGE
READ FIRST
• READ this user's manual before using this emulator product.
• KEEP the user's manual handy for future reference.
Do not attempt to use the emulator product until you fully understand its mechanism.
DEFINITION OF SIGNAL WORDS
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to potential personal
injury hazards. Obey all safety messages that follow this symbol to avoid
possible injury or death.
DANGER
WARNING
CAUTION
CAUTION
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, may result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION used without the safety alert symbol indicates a
potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result
in property damage.
NOTE emphasizes essential information.
IV
WARNING
Observe the precautions listed below. Failure to do so
will result in a FIRE HAZARD and will damage the user
system and the emulator product or will result in PERSONAL
INJURY. The USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
1. Carefully handle the emulator product to prevent
receiving an electric shock because the emulator product
has a DC power supply. Do not repair or remodel the
emulator product by yourself for electric shock
prevention and quality assurance.
2. Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES or PARTS.
3. Always before connecting, make sure that pin 1 on both
sides are correctly aligned.
4. Supply power according to the power specifications and
do not apply an incorrect power voltage. Use only the
provided AC power cable. Use only the specified type of
fuse.
V
Warnings on Emulator Usage
Warnings described below apply as long as you use this emulator. Be sure to read and understand
the warnings below before using this emulator. Note that these are the main warnings, not the
complete list.
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES or PARTS.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD and will
damage the user system and the emulator product or
will result in PERSONAL INJURY. The USER PROGRAM
will be LOST.
VI
CAUTION
Place the emulator station and evaluation chip board so
that the trace cables are not bent or twisted. A bent or
twisted cable will impose stress on the user interface
leading to connection or contact failure. Make sure that the
emulator station is placed in a secure position so that it
does not move during use nor impose stress on the user
interface.
E6000H
HITACHI
OK
E6000H
HITACHI
E6000H
HITACH
NG
I
NG
VII
CAUTION
This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15
of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the
instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the
user will be required to correct the interference at his own
expense.
VIII
Preface
Thank you for purchasing the E6000H emulator.
CAUTION
Read this manual before using the emulator product. Incorrect operation
or connection will damage the user system, the emulator product, and the
user program.
The E6000H emulator is an efficient software and hardware development support tool for application systems using the
microcomputer developed by Renesas Technology Corp.
The E6000H emulator can either be used without a user system, for developing and debugging software, or connected via
a user system interface cable to a user system, for debugging user hardware.
The emulator provides the following features:
1. Realtime emulation of the MCU
2. Efficient debugging enabled by variable break functions and a mass-storage trace memory (128-kcycles)
3. Parallel access with a command execution during emulation, for example
•
Trace data display
•
Emulation memory display and modification
4. Performance analysis
Measurement of subroutine execution time and count for evaluating the execution efficiency of user programs
®
5. Graphical User Interface by the High-performance Embedded Workshop that runs on Windows operating systems
High-performance Embedded Workshop is a Graphical User Interface intended to ease the development and debugging of
applications written in C/C++ programming language and assembly language. Its aim is to provide a powerful yet intuitive
way of accessing, observing and modifying the debugging platform in which the application is running.
High-performance Embedded Workshop is a powerful development environment for embedded applications targeted at
microcontrollers. The main features are:
• A configurable build engine that allows you to set-up compiler, assembler and linker options via an easy to use
interface.
• An integrated text editor with user customizable syntax coloring to improve code readability.
• A configurable environment to run your own tools.
• An integrated debugger which allows you to build and debug in the same application.
• Version control support.
The High-performance Embedded Workshop has been designed with two key aims; firstly to provide you, the user, with a
set of powerful development tools and, secondly, to unify and present them in a way that is easy to use.
i
About This Manual
This manual is comprised of two parts: Hardware Part and Debugger Part.
Hardware Part:
Preparation before use, hardware specifications, and troubleshooting procedure.
Debugger Part:
A peculiar debugging function to the emulator, tutorial, Emulator software specification, and
notes.
This manual describes the debugging function for SH7046 E6000H Emulator debugger that used with the Highperformance Embedded Workshop.
For detailed information on the basic “look and feel” of the High-performance Embedded Workshop and customizing the
High-performance Embedded Workshop environment and the build and the debugging functions common to the Highperformance Embedded Workshop products, refer to the High-performance Embedded Workshop user's manual.
This manual does not intend to explain how to write C/C++ or assembly language programs, how to use any particular
operating system or how best to tailor code for the individual devices. These issues are left to the respective manuals.
Microsoft, MS-DOS, Windows, Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Visual SourceSafe is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
All brand or product names used in this manual are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies or
organizations.
Document Conventions
This manual uses the following typographic conventions:
Table 1
Typographic Conventions
Convention
Meaning
[Menu->Menu Option]
Bold text with ‘->’ is used to indicate menu options
(for example, [File->Save As...]).
FILENAME.C
Uppercase names are used to indicate filenames.
“enter this string”
Used to indicate text that must be entered (excluding the “” quotes).
Key + Key
Used to indicate required key presses. For example, CTRL+N means
press the CTRL key and then, whilst holding the CTRL key down,
press the N key.
(The “how to” symbol)
When this symbol is used, it is always located in the left-hand margin.
It indicates that the text to its immediate right is describing “how to”
do something.
Components
Check all the components described in the component list unpacking. If the components are not complete, contact a
Renesas sales office.
ii
Contents
Hardware Part
Section 1 Overview........................................................................................... 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
Notes on Usage .................................................................................................................1
Emulator Hardware Components ......................................................................................2
1.2.1 E6000H Station Components...............................................................................3
1.2.2 Evaluation Chip Board Configuration .................................................................5
1.2.3 Configuration of User System Interface Board....................................................6
System Configuration .......................................................................................................7
1.3.1 System Configuration Using a PC Interface Board..............................................7
Section 2
2.1
2.2
Section 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
Preparation before Use.................................................................... 9
Description on Emulator Usage ........................................................................................9
Emulator Connection ........................................................................................................10
2.2.1 Connecting the User System ................................................................................10
2.2.2 Connecting the User System Interface Board ......................................................11
2.2.3 Connecting the External Probe.............................................................................12
2.2.4 Selecting the Clock ..............................................................................................13
2.2.5 Connecting the System Ground ...........................................................................15
2.2.6 PC Interface Board Specifications .......................................................................16
Hardware Specifications ................................................................. 17
Environmental Conditions ................................................................................................17
Emulator External Dimensions and Mass .........................................................................18
User System Interface Circuit ...........................................................................................19
3.3.1 User System Interface Circuit ..............................................................................19
3.3.2 Delay Time with the User System Interface ........................................................26
Connecting the Emulator to the User System ...................................................................27
3.4.1 Connecting to the User System ............................................................................27
3.4.2 Pin Arrangement on the User System Interface Connector..................................42
3.4.3 Precautions on Connecting the User System........................................................50
Support of the Target MCU ..............................................................................................51
3.5.1 Memory Space .....................................................................................................51
3.5.2 Low Power-Consumption Mode
(Sleep, Software Standby, and Hardware Standby)..............................................52
3.5.3 Interrupts ..............................................................................................................52
3.5.4 Control Input Signals (_RES, _BREQ, and _WAIT)...........................................52
3.5.5 Bus State Controller (BSC)..................................................................................52
3.5.6 Watchdog Timer (WDT)......................................................................................52
3.5.7 A/D Converter......................................................................................................53
3.5.8 Emulator State and On-Chip Modules .................................................................53
3.5.9 Pin Functions .......................................................................................................54
3.5.10 Different Initial Values of Registers in the Emulator...........................................55
Section 4 Diagnostic Test Procedure ................................................................ 57
4.1
4.2
4.3
System Set-Up for Diagnostic Program Execution ...........................................................57
Test Item of the Diagnostic Program ................................................................................59
Diagnostic Test Procedure Using the Diagnostic Program ...............................................60
iii
Debugger Part
Section 1 Overview ...........................................................................................1
Section 2 Preparation before Use ......................................................................3
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
Method for Activating High-performance Embedded Workshop..................................... 3
2.1.1 Creating a New Workspace (Toolchain Not Used).............................................. 4
2.1.2 Creating a New Workspace (Toolchain Used)....................................................... 8
2.1.3 Selecting an Existing Workspace........................................................................... 12
Connecting the Emulator .................................................................................................. 13
Re-connecting the Emulator.............................................................................................. 14
Ending the Emulator ......................................................................................................... 14
Section 3 Debugging .........................................................................................15
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
iv
Setting the Environment for Emulation ............................................................................ 15
3.1.1 Opening the [Configuration Properties] Dialog Box ........................................... 15
3.1.2 Settings Associated with the Pin Function Controller ......................................... 17
3.1.3 Selecting the Interface to be Connected............................................................... 19
3.1.4 Opening the [Memory Mapping] Dialog Box...................................................... 20
3.1.5 Changing the Memory Map Setting..................................................................... 21
Downloading a Program ................................................................................................... 22
3.2.1 Downloading a Program ...................................................................................... 22
3.2.2 Viewing the Source Code .................................................................................... 22
3.2.3 Viewing the Assembly-Language Code............................................................... 25
3.2.4 Modifying the Assembly-Language Code ........................................................... 26
3.2.5 Viewing a Specific Address................................................................................. 26
3.2.6 Viewing the Current Program Counter Address .................................................. 26
Viewing the Current Status ............................................................................................... 27
Reading and Displaying the Emulator Information Regularly.......................................... 28
3.4.1 Opening the [Extended Monitor] Window .......................................................... 28
3.4.2 Selecting Items to be Displayed........................................................................... 29
Displaying Memory Contents in Realtime........................................................................ 30
3.5.1 Opening the [Monitor] Window .......................................................................... 30
3.5.2 Changing the Monitor Settings ............................................................................ 32
3.5.3 Temporarily Stopping Update of the Monitor ..................................................... 32
3.5.4 Deleting the Monitor Settings .............................................................................. 32
3.5.5 Monitoring Variables ........................................................................................... 32
3.5.6 Hiding the [Monitor] Window ............................................................................. 33
3.5.7 Managing the [Monitor] Window ........................................................................ 34
Looking at Variables......................................................................................................... 35
3.6.1 [Watch] Window.................................................................................................. 35
Using the Event Points ...................................................................................................... 37
3.7.1 Setting a Software Breakpoint ............................................................................. 38
3.7.2 Setting an On-Chip Breakpoint............................................................................ 40
3.7.3 Settings an On-Emulator Breakpoint ................................................................... 43
3.7.4 Editing Event Points ............................................................................................ 46
3.7.5 Modifying Event Points ....................................................................................... 46
3.7.6 Enabling an Event Point....................................................................................... 46
3.7.7 Disabling an Event Point ..................................................................................... 46
3.7.8 Deleting an Event Point ....................................................................................... 46
3.7.9 Deleting All Event Points .................................................................................... 47
3.7.10 Viewing the Source Line for an Event Point ....................................................... 47
Viewing the Trace Information......................................................................................... 48
3.8.1 Opening the [Trace] Window ..............................................................................48
3.8.2 Acquiring Trace Information ...............................................................................48
3.8.3 Specifying Trace Acquisition Conditions ............................................................50
3.8.4 Searching for a Trace Record...............................................................................57
3.8.5 Clearing the Trace Information............................................................................58
3.8.6 Saving the Trace Information in a File.................................................................59
3.8.7 Viewing the [Editor] Window..............................................................................59
3.8.8 Trimming the Source ...........................................................................................59
3.8.9 Temporarily Stopping Trace Acquisition.............................................................59
3.8.10 Restarting Trace Acquisition ...............................................................................59
3.8.11 Extracting Records from the Acquired Information.............................................60
3.8.12 Calculating the Difference in Time Stamping......................................................63
3.8.13 Analyzing Statistical Information ........................................................................64
3.8.14 Extracting Function Calls from the Acquired Trace Information ........................65
3.9 Analyzing Performance.....................................................................................................66
3.9.1 Opening the [Performance Analysis] Window ....................................................68
3.9.2 Setting Conditions for Measurement ...................................................................69
3.9.3 Starting Performance Data Acquisition ...............................................................76
3.9.4 Deleting a Measurement Condition .....................................................................76
3.9.5 Deleting All Measurement Conditions.................................................................76
3.10 Profiling Function .............................................................................................................77
3.10.1 Enabling the Profile .............................................................................................77
3.10.2 Specifying Measuring Mode................................................................................77
3.10.3 Executing the Program and Checking the Results ...............................................77
3.10.4 [List] Sheet...........................................................................................................78
3.10.5 [Tree] Sheet..........................................................................................................79
3.11 [Profile-Chart] Window ....................................................................................................81
Section 4
Tutorial............................................................................................ 83
4.1
4.2
4.3
Introduction.......................................................................................................................83
Running the High-performance Embedded Workshop .....................................................84
Downloading the Tutorial Program...................................................................................85
4.3.1 Downloading the Tutorial Program .....................................................................85
4.3.2 Displaying the Source Program ...........................................................................86
4.4 Setting a Software Breakpoint .............................................................................................87
4.5 Setting Registers ..................................................................................................................88
4.6 Executing the Program.........................................................................................................89
4.7 Reviewing Breakpoints ........................................................................................................92
4.8 Referring to Symbols ...........................................................................................................93
4.9 Viewing Memory.................................................................................................................94
4.10 Watching Variables............................................................................................................95
4.11 Displaying Local Variables................................................................................................98
4.12 Stepping Through a Program .............................................................................................99
4.12.1 Executing the [Step In] Command .......................................................................99
4.12.2 Executing the [Step Out] Command ....................................................................101
4.12.3 Executing the [Step Over] Command ..................................................................102
4.13 Forced Breaking of Program Executions ...........................................................................103
4.14 Resetting the Target MCU .................................................................................................103
4.15 Break Function...................................................................................................................104
4.15.1 Software Break Function......................................................................................104
4.15.2 On-Chip Break Function ......................................................................................110
4.16 Trace Functions..................................................................................................................112
4.16.1 Displaying Trace Information by the Free Trace Function ..................................113
v
4.17
4.18
4.19
4.20
4.16.2 Displaying Trace Information by the Trace Stop Function.................................. 115
4.16.3 Displaying Trace Information by the Conditional Trace Function ...................... 118
4.16.4 Statistics ............................................................................................................... 119
4.16.5 Function Calls ...................................................................................................... 123
Stack Trace Function ......................................................................................................... 124
Performance Analysis Function......................................................................................... 126
4.18.1 Time Of Specified Range Measurement .............................................................. 126
Monitor Function ............................................................................................................... 129
What Next? ........................................................................................................................ 131
Section 5 Software Specifications and Notes Specific to This Product ............133
5.1
5.2
5.3
Supported Hardware ......................................................................................................... 133
Debugging Platform.......................................................................................................... 133
Displaying and Modifying the Contents of Memory ........................................................ 133
5.3.1 Displaying and Modifying the Contents of Memory during Execution............... 133
5.3.2 Reference Values for Parallel Access Function Termination Period ................... 134
5.3.3 Monitor Function ................................................................................................. 134
5.4 Executing Your Program .................................................................................................. 135
5.4.1 Step Execution ..................................................................................................... 135
5.5 Event Functions ................................................................................................................ 135
5.5.1 Software Breakpoints........................................................................................... 135
5.5.2 On-Chip Break..................................................................................................... 135
5.5.3 On-Emulator Break.............................................................................................. 136
5.6 Trace Functions................................................................................................................. 137
5.6.1 Displaying the Trace Information ........................................................................ 137
5.6.2 Specifying Trace Acquisition Conditions ............................................................ 137
5.6.3 Searching for a Trace Record............................................................................... 137
5.6.4 Filtering Trace Records........................................................................................ 137
5.7 Monitor Function .............................................................................................................. 138
5.8 Performance Analysis Function ........................................................................................ 138
5.8.1 Errors ................................................................................................................... 138
5.8.2 Notes .................................................................................................................... 138
5.9 Profiling Function ............................................................................................................. 139
5.10 Input Format ..................................................................................................................... 139
5.10.1 Entering Masks .................................................................................................... 139
5.11 Tutorial Program ............................................................................................................... 140
5.11.1 Notes on Operating the Tutorial Program............................................................ 140
5.12 Memory Map .................................................................................................................... 140
5.12.1 Emulation Memory .............................................................................................. 140
5.12.2 Controlling Memory Map .................................................................................... 140
Section 6 Error Messages ..................................................................................143
6.1
Error Messages of the Emulator........................................................................................ 143
6.1.1 Error Messages at Emulator Initiation ................................................................. 143
6.1.2 Error Messages during Emulation........................................................................ 145
Appendix A Menus............................................................................................147
Appendix B Command Lines ............................................................................151
vi
Hardware Part
Section 1 Overview
1.1
Notes on Usage
CAUTION
READ the following warnings before using the emulator product.
Incorrect operation will damage the user system and the emulator
product. The USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
1. Check all components with the component list after unpacking the emulator.
2. Never place heavy objects on the casing.
3. Observe the following conditions in the area where the emulator is to be used:
•
Make sure that the internal cooling fans on the sides of the emulator must be at least 20 cm (8") away
from walls or other equipment.
•
Keep out of direct sunlight or heat. Refer to section 3.1, Environmental Conditions.
•
Use in an environment with constant temperature and humidity.
•
Protect the emulator from dust.
•
Avoid subjecting the emulator to excessive vibration. Refer to section 3.1, Environmental Conditions.
4. Protect the emulator from excessive impacts and stresses.
5. Before using the emulator's power supply, check its specifications such as power voltage and frequency.
6. When moving the emulator, take care not to vibrate or otherwise damage it.
7. After connecting the cable, check that it is connected correctly. For details, refer to section 2, Preparation
before Use.
8. Supply power to the emulator and connected parts after connecting all cables. Cables must not be connected
or removed while the power is on.
9. For details on differences between the target MCU and the emulator, refer to section 3.5, Support of the
Target MCU.
1
1.2
Emulator Hardware Components
The emulator consists of an E6000H station and an evaluation chip board. By installing a user system interface
board (option) on your host computer, the emulator can be connected in the same package as the device. PC
interface (option) includes a PC interface board (PCI bus and PC card bus), a LAN adapter (connected with the
network), and a USB adapter (connected with the USB interface). By connecting the emulator to the host
computer via those interfaces, the High-performance Embedded Workshop can be used for debugging. For
details on PC interface boards (available for PCI bus and PC card bus specifications), LAN adapter, and USB
adapter, refer to their description notes.
USB adapter
(option)
USB cable
(option)
PC
PC interface cable
(option)
PC interface
cable (option)
Network
LAN adapter
(option)
PC interface cable (option)
PC interface board (option)
E6000H station
Evaluation chip board
User system
interface board
IC socket
User system
Figure 1.1 Emulator Hardware Components
2
1.2.1
E6000H Station Components (A Part of Photos may be Different from Real Appearances)
The names of the components on the front/rear panel of the E6000H station are listed below.
Front Panel:
Figure 1.2 E6000H Station: Front Panel
(a) POWER lamp:
Is lit up while the E6000H station is supplied with power.
(b) RUN lamp:
Is lit up while the user program is running.
3
Rear Panel:
Figure 1.3 E6000H Station: Rear Panel
(a)
Power switch:
Turning this switch to I (input) supplies power to
the emulator (E6000H station and evaluation chip
board).
(b)
AC power connector:
For an AC 100-V to 240-V power supply.
(c)
PC interface cable connector:
For the PC interface cable that connects the
host computer to the E6000H station. A PC
interface board, PC card interface, LAN adapter,
or USB adapter can be connected. Marked PC/IF.
4
1.2.2
Evaluation Chip Board Configuration
The names of the components on the evaluation chip board of the emulator are listed below.
Figure 1.4 Evaluation Chip Board
(a) Station to evaluation chip board
interface connector cover:
This is a cover for protecting the connector that
connects the E6000H station to the evaluation chip
board.
(b) Crystal oscillator terminals:
For installing a crystal oscillator to be used as
an external clock source for the target MCU.
(c) HS7145PWB20H board:
Connector to the trace cable is attached.
(d) HS7145PWB30H board:
An evaluation chip is installed and a dedicated
connector to the user system interface board or
user system is attached.
(e) User system interface board
connector:
For connecting the user system interface board or
user system.
Note: (a) to (e) listed above are referred to as the evaluation chip board.
5
1.2.3
Configuration of User System Interface Board
The names of the components of the user system interface board are given below.
Figure 1.5 Configuration of User System Interface Board
(a) Connector for the evaluation chip
board:
For connection to the evaluation chip board.
(b) Connector for the user system:
For connection to the user system.
6
1.3
System Configuration
The emulator must be connected to a host computer (via the selected PC interface board).
1.3.1
System Configuration Using a PC Interface Board
The emulator can be connected to a host computer via a PC interface board (option: PCI bus or PC card bus).
Install the PC interface board to the expansion slot for the interface board in the host computer, and connect the
interface cable supplied with the PC interface board to the emulator. A LAN adapter can be used to connect the
emulator to a host computer as a network. A USB adapter can be used to connect the emulator to a host
computer with the USB interface. For details on PC interface boards (available for PCI bus and PC card bus
specifications), LAN adapter, and USB adapter, refer to their description notes. Figure 1.6 shows the
configuration of a system in which the PC interface board is used. Figure 1.7 shows the configuration of a
system in which the LAN adapter is used. Figure 1.8 shows the configuration of a system in which the USB
adapter is used.
Install the PC interface board to the
expansion slot for the PC interface board
in the host computer.
Figure 1.6 System Configuration Using a PC Interface Board
Figure 1.7 System Configuration Using a LAN Adapter
7
Figure 1.8 System Configuration Using a USB Adapter
8
Section 2 Preparation before Use
2.1
Description on Emulator Usage
This section describes the preparation before use of the emulator. Figure 2.1 is a flowchart on preparation before
debugging with the emulator.
CAUTION
Read this section and understand its contents before preparation.
Incorrect operation will damage the user system and the emulator.
The USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Reference:
Connect the emulator.
Set up the emulator on each OS.
Start debugging.
Described in this section.
See the E6000H emulator setup guide.
See the Debugger Part.
Figure 2.1 Emulator Preparation Flowchart
9
2.2
Emulator Connection
2.2.1
Connecting the User System
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES. Failure to do so will result
in a FIRE HAZARD and will damage the user system and the emulator
or will result in PERSONAL INJURY. The USER PROGRAM will be
LOST.
1. Check that the emulator power switch is turned off. Ensure that the power lamp on the right side of the
E6000H station's front panel is not lit.
2. Remove the AC power cable of the E6000H station from the outlet (if the cable is connected to the outlet).
3. Connect pin 1 on the user system connector to the connector installed at the bottom of the E6000H user
system interface board. When connecting the connector, prevent the upper or lower side of the board from
lifting off the connector. Alternately tighten the screws on both sides of the board.
10
2.2.2
Connecting the User System Interface Board
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system and check
pin numbers on the connectors and IC socket before connecting
or disconnecting the USER SYSTEM INTERFACE BOARD.
Connection with the power on or incorrect connection will damage
the emulator, user system interface board, and user system, and
result in a FIRE HAZARD.
For details on the method of connecting the user system interface board, refer to the descriptions of the user
system interface boards for individual SH7046 E6000H-series products.
Figure 2.2 Connecting the User System Interface Board
11
2.2.3
Connecting the External Probe
CAUTION
Check the external probe direction and connect the external probe
to the emulator station correctly. Incorrect connection will damage
the probe or connector.
When an external probe is connected to the emulator probe connector on the E6000H evaluation chip board's
rear panel, it enables external signal tracing and multibreak detection. Figure 2.3 shows the external probe
connector.
Pin No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Probe Name
1
2
3
4
G
TUV
G
T5V
Signal Name
Probe input 1
Probe input 2
Probe input 3
Probe input 4
GND
Trigger output
GND
RUN or break
output
Note
Synchronous break
input pin
GND connection pin
Trigger mode output pin
GND connection pin
High-level output at RUNSTEP
Figure 2.3 External Probe Connector
12
2.2.4
Selecting the Clock
This emulator supports three types of clock for the target MCU: a crystal oscillator attached on the evaluation
chip board, external clock input from the user system, and the emulator internal clock. The clock is specified
with the [Configuration] dialog box.
This emulator can use a clock source (φ) running at up to 50.0 MHz (four times the external clock frequency of
12.5 MHz) as the MCU clock input. Select one of the followings:
Target
External clock (clock signal supplied from the user system to the EXTAL pin):
4.0 to 12.5 MHz
Xtal
Crystal oscillator: 5.0 to 12.5 MHz
12.5 MHz
Emulator internal clock
10 MHz
Emulator internal clock
8 MHz
Emulator internal clock
6 MHz
Emulator internal clock
4 MHz
Emulator internal clock
Crystal Oscillator: A crystal oscillator is not supplied with the emulator. Prepare and use one that has the same
frequency as that of the user system. When using a crystal oscillator as the target MCU clock source, the
frequency range must be from 5.0 to 12.5 MHz.
CAUTION
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting the CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR.
Otherwise, the USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Follow the procedure listed below to install the crystal oscillator:
1. Check that the emulator power switch is turned off. (Check that the power LED is not lit.)
2. Attach the crystal oscillator into the terminals on the evaluation chip board (figure 2.4).
3. Turn on the user system power and then the emulator power. Then the crystal oscillator will be automatically
set. This function will allow the execution of the user program at the operating frequency of the user system
even when the user system is not connected to the emulator.
13
Enlarged
view
Crystal
oscillator
X1
X2
Crystal oscillator terminals
Evaluation chip
board
Figure 2.4 Installing the Crystal Oscillator
External Clock: Follow the procedure listed below to select the external clock.
1. Check that the emulator power switch is turned off. (Check that the power LED is not lit.)
2. Connect the evaluation chip board to the user system and supply a clock through the EXTAL pin from the
user system.
3. Turn on the user system power and then the emulator power. The external clock will then be automatically
set.
Emulator Internal Clock: Specify an emulator internal clock in the [Configuration] dialog box.
Reference:
When the emulator system program is initiated, the emulator automatically selects the MCU clock source
according to the following priority:
1. User system’s clock when an external clock is supplied from the user system
2. Crystal oscillator when attached to the evaluation chip board
3. Emulator internal clock
14
2.2.5
Connecting the System Ground
CAUTION
Separate the frame ground from the signal ground at the user
system. When the frame ground is connected to the signal ground
and the emulator is then connected to the user system, the emulator
will malfunction.
The emulator's signal ground is connected to the user system's signal ground via the evaluation chip board. In the
E6000H station, the signal ground and frame ground are connected (figure 2.5). At the user system, connect the
frame ground only; do not connect the signal ground to the frame ground.
If it is difficult to separate the frame ground from the signal ground in the user system, ground the frame to the
same outlet as the 100-V to 240-V power supply of the emulator station (figure 2.6) so that the ground potentials
become even.
Figure 2.5 Connecting the System Ground
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES. Failure to do so will
result in a FIRE HAZARD and will damage the user system and the
emulator or will result in PERSONAL INJURY. The USER PROGRAM
will be LOST.
The user system must be connected to an appropriate ground so as to minimize noise and the adverse effects of
ground loops. When connecting the evaluation chip board and the user system, confirm that the ground pins of
the evaluation chip board are firmly connected to the user system's ground.
15
Figure 2.6 Connecting the Frame Ground
2.2.6
PC Interface Board Specifications
For details on the PC interface board, LAN adapter, or USB adapter, refer to their description notes.
16
Section 3 Hardware Specifications
3.1
Environmental Conditions
CAUTION
Observe the conditions listed in table 3.1 when using the emulator.
The following environmental conditions must be satisfied, otherwise
the user system and the emulator will not operate normally.
The USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Table 3.1 Environmental Conditions
Item
Specifications
Temperature
Operating:
Humidity
Vibration
AC input power
+10 to +35°C
Storage:
−10 to +50°C
Operating:
35 to 80% RH, no condensation
Storage:
35 to 80% RH, no condensation
Operating:
2.45 m/s max.
2
2
Storage:
4.9 m/s max.
Transportation:
14.7 m/s max.
Voltage:
100 V to 240 V AC
Frequency:
50/60 Hz
2
Power consumption:
Ambient gases
75 W
There must be no corrosive gases present.
17
3.2
Emulator External Dimensions and Mass
Figures 3.1 shows the external dimensions and mass of the E6000H emulator.
Figure 3.1 External Dimensions and Mass of the Emulator
18
3.3
User System Interface Circuit
3.3.1
User System Interface Circuit
The circuits that interface the MCU in the emulator to the user system include buffers and resistors. When
connecting the emulator to a user system, adjust the user system hardware compensating for FANIN, FANOUT,
and propagation delays.
The AC timing values when using the emulator are shown in table 3.2.
Note: The values with the emulator connected, in table 3.2, are measurements for reference and are not
guaranteed values.
Table 3.2 Bus Timing when Using the Emulator (Bus Clock: 50.0 MHz)
MCU Specifications (ns)
Values with Emulator Connected (ns)
Item
Min
Max
Min
Max
tRDS
15
⎯
16
⎯
tACC
tcyc x (n + 2) – 35
(n is the number of
waits)
⎯
tcyc x (n + 2) – 37
(n is the number of
waits)
⎯
The basic bus cycle (software wait) is shown in figure 3.2. The user system interface circuits connected to the
user system are shown in figures 3.3 to 3.8.
19
T1
Tw
T2
VOH
VOL
CK
tAD
A17 to A0
tCSD1
tCSD2
_CSn
tRSD1
tOE
tRSD2
_RD
(When read)
tACC
tRDH
tRDS
D7 to D0
(When read)
tWSD1
_WRx
(When written)
tWSD2
tAS
tWDD
D7 to D0
(When written)
Note: tRDH: Specified from the earliest negation timing from A17 to A0, _CSn, or _RD.
Figure 3.2 Basic Bus Cycle (Software Wait)
20
tWR
tWDH
MCU in the emulator
MD3
MD2
MD1
MD0
User system
HD151015
ALVCH16244A
EPM7512AE
HD151015
EPM7256AE
EPM7512AE
FWP
MD3
MD2
MD1
MD0
FWP
Figure 3.3 User System Interface Circuits (1)
21
MCU in the emulator
User system
VHC244
PVcc
47 kΩ
PVcc
47 kΩ
PA13/TDO/_BREQ
PA13/TDO/_BREQ
PA15/_TRST/_BACK
PA10/TCK
PA12/TDI
PA14/TMS
PVcc
PA15/_TRST/_BACK
PA10/TCK
PA12/TDI
PA14/TMS
VHC244
47 kΩ
PD4/_AUDRST/D4
PD5/AUDMD/D5
PD7/AUDSYNC/D7
PD6/AUDCK/D6
PD4/_AUDRST/D4
PD5/AUDMD/D5
PD7/AUDSYNC/D7
PD6/AUDCK/D6
PD0/AUDATA0/D0
PD1/AUDATA1/D1
PD2/AUDATA2/D2
PD3/AUDAUA3/D3
PD0/AUDATA0/D0
PD1/AUDATA1/D1
PD2/AUDATA2/D2
PD3/AUDAUA3/D3
LVTH16244
NC
_ASEBRKAK
_ASEBRKAK
PVcc
47 kΩ
_DBGMD
_DBGMD
NC
PVcc
47 kΩ
PE13/_MRES
_WDTOVF
VHC244
PE13/_MRES
_WDTOVF
Figure 3.4 User System Interface Circuits (2)
22
MCU in the emulator
User system
HD151015
PVcc
HD151015
LVTH16374
AHC14
AHC14
47 kΩ
NMI
NMI
LVTH16374
ALVCH16244A
HD151015
PVcc
47 kΩ
EPM7256AE
_HSTBY
_HSTBY
PVcc
HD15015
EPM7256AE
AHC14
AHC14
_RES
47 kΩ
_RES
ALVTC16244A
Figure 3.5 User System Interface Circuits (3)
23
MCU in the emulator
User system
3Vcc
100 Ω
PLLVcc
470 pF
3 kΩ
0.1 μF
PLLCAP
PLLVss
XTAL
NC
HD15015
NC
PLLVcL
PLLCAP
PLLVss
NC
XTAL
EPM7256AE
EXTAL
EXTAL
EPM7256AE
MAX709M
UVcc
LMC6484AIM
22 kΩ
Vcc
3Vcc
Vcc
1000 pF
1 kΩ
UPVcc
0.01 μF
Vss
PVcc
PVcc
1000 pF
0.01 μF
Vcc
NC
AVcc
AVss
0.022 pF
AVref
AVref
0.01 μF
Figure 3.6 User System Interface Circuits (4)
24
AVcc
0.01 μF
MCU in the emulator
PVcc
User system
47 k
PA (19:17),
PA (9:7), PA5, PA2
PA (19:17),
PA (9:7), PA5, PA2
EPM7256AE VHC244
PA (23:20), PA16,
PA11, PA6, PA4, PA3,
PA1, PA0
PVcc
PA (23:20), PA16,
PA11, PA6, PA4, PA3,
PA1, PA0
47 k
PB (9:2)
PB (9:2)
EPM7256AE
VHC244
PB (1:0)
PB (1:0)
PC (15:0)
PC (15:0)
PVcc
47 k
PD (23:16)
PD (23:16)
EPM7256AE
VHC244
PD (31:24), PD (15:8)
PD (31:24), PD (15:8)
Figure 3.7 User System Interface Circuits (5)
25
MCU in the emulator
User system
PVcc
47 kΩ
PE17
PE17
VHC244
PE (21:18), PE (16:14),
PE (12:0)
PE (21:18), PE (16:14),
PE (12:0)
PF (15:0), PG (3:0)
PF (15:0), PG (3:0)
SN74S1053NS
Figure 3.8 User System Interface Circuits (6)
3.3.2
Delay Time with the User System Interface
The delay time is generated on the timing of the _RES signal when it is input to the MCU from the user system,
as shown in table 3.3, because this connection for this signal is via logic circuit on the evaluation chip board.
Table 3.3 Delay Time for Signal Connected via the Evaluation Chip Board
Signal Name
Delay Time (ns)
_RES
15.0
26
3.4
Connecting the Emulator to the User System
3.4.1
Connecting to the User System
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD, and will
damage the user system or emulator or result in PERSONAL
INJURY. Also, the USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
The emulator is connected to the user system by using the user system interface board.
Table 3.4 User System Interface Board and User Interfaces
User System Interface Board
User Interface
HS7046ECH61H
FP-80Q (IC149_080_017_B5)*
HS7047ECH61H
FP-100M (IC149_100_054_B51)*
HS7144ECH61H
FP-112B (IC149_112C15333-0B)*
HS7145ECH61H
1
1
1
FP-144F (NQPACK144SD)*
2
Notes: 1. The IC149 series is manufactured by YAMAICHI ELECTRONICS Co., LTD.
2. The NQPACK series is manufactured by Tokyo Eletech Corporation.
27
Installing IC Socket
1. Installing IC Socket
Install the IC socket for each package to the user system. After checking the location of pin 1 on the IC
socket, apply epoxy resin adhesive to the bottom of the IC, and fasten it to the user system before soldering.
2. Soldering IC Socket
After fastening, solder the IC socket to the user system. Be sure to completely solder the leads so that the
solder slops gently over the leads and forms solder fillets. (Use slightly more solder than the MCU.)
Connection Using the HS7046ECH61H
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD, and will damage
the user system or emulator or result in PERSONAL INJURY.
Also, the USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Notes: 1. For more details on the HS7046ECH61H, refer to the user’s manual supplied with the emulator.
2. This user system interface board can only be used in combination with the specified QFP socket
(IC149-080-017-B5).
Install the FP-80Q IC socket (IC149-080-017-B5 manufactured by YAMAICHI ELECTRONICS Co., LTD.) on
the user system to connect the emulator. Since the pin arrangement is the same as that of the actual MCU, refer
to the hardware manual.
Figure 3.9 shows the connection of the HS7046ECH61H, figure 3.10 shows the size restrictions for the installed
components of the HS7046ECH61H, and figure 3.11 shows the recommended mount pad dimensions of the user
system IC socket.
28
Evaluation chip board
Screws (M2.0 × 12 mm)
with flat washers
User system interface board
Spacer
Pin 1
IC socket
User system
Figure 3.9 Connection Using the HS7046ECH61H
11.2
33.1
55.8
Evaluation chip board
User system
IC socket
(IC149-080-017-B5 manufactured by
YAMAICHI ELECTRONICS Co., LTD.)
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ±0.5 mm
Figure 3.10 Restrictions on Component Installation
29
20.50 min
14.70 max
0.65 × 19 = 12.35 ± 0.1
0.65 × 19 = 12.35 ± 0.1
0.1
0.35 +
- 0.05
0.65 ± 0.05
0.65 ± 0.05
Unit: mm
Figure 3.11 Recommended Mount Pad Dimensions of the User System IC Socket
30
Connection Using the HS7047ECH61H
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD, and will damage
the user system or emulator or result in PERSONAL INJURY.
Also, the USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Notes: 1. For more details on the HS7047ECH61H, refer to the user’s manual supplied with the emulator.
2. This user system interface board can only be used in combination with the specified QFP socket
(IC149-100-054-B51).
Install the FP-100M IC socket (IC149-100-054-B51 manufactured by YAMAICHI ELECTRONICS Co., LTD.)
on the user system to connect the emulator. Since the pin arrangement is the same as that of the actual MCU,
refer to the hardware manual.
Figure 3.12 shows the connection of the HS7047ECH61H, figure 3.13 shows the size restrictions for the
installed components of the HS7047ECH61H, and figure 3.14 shows the recommended mount pad dimensions
of the user system IC socket.
31
Evaluation chip board
Screws (M2.6 × 12 mm)
with flat washers
User system interface board
Spacer
Pin 1
IC socket
User system
Figure 3.12 Connection Using the HS7047ECH61H
11.2
33.1
55.8
Evaluation chip board
User system
IC socket
(IC149-100-054-B51 manufactured by
YAMAICHI ELECTRONICS Co., LTD.)
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ±0.5 mm
Figure 3.13 Restrictions on Component Installation
32
17.10 min
13.80 max
0.50 × 24 = 12.00 ± 0.05
0.50 × 24 = 12.00 ± 0.05
0.30 ± 0.05
0.50 ± 0.05
0.50 ± 0.05
Unit: mm
Figure 3.14 Recommended Mount Pad Dimensions of the User System IC Socket
33
Connection Using the HS7144ECH61H
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD, and will damage
the user system or emulator or result in PERSONAL INJURY.
Also, the USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Notes: 1. For more details on the HS7144ECH61H, refer to the user’s manual supplied with the emulator.
2. This user system interface board can only be used in combination with the specified QFP socket
(IC149-112C15333-0B).
Install the FP-112B IC socket (IC149-112C15333-0B manufactured by YAMAICHI ELECTRONICS Co.,
LTD.) on the user system to connect the emulator. Since the pin arrangement is the same as that of the actual
MCU, refer to the hardware manual.
Figure 3.15 shows the connection of the HS7144ECH61H, figure 3.16 shows the size restrictions for the
installed components of the HS7144ECH61H, and figure 3.17 shows the recommended mount pad dimensions
of the user system IC socket.
34
Evaluation chip board
Screws (M2.0 × 12 mm)
with flat washers
User system interface board
Spacer
Pin 1
IC socket
User system
Figure 3.15 Connection Using the HS7144ECH61H
User system
IC socket
(IC149-112C15333-0B manufactured by
YAMAICHI ELECTRONICS Co., LTD.)
13.5
11.4
35.4
58.1
Evaluation chip board
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ±0.5 mm
Figure 3.16 Restrictions on Component Installation
35
×
×
Figure 3.17 Recommended Mount Pad Dimensions of the User System IC Socket
36
Connection Using the HS7145ECH61H
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD, and will damage
the user system or emulator or result in PERSONAL INJURY.
Also, the USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Notes: 1. For more details on the HS7145ECH61H, refer to the user’s manual supplied with the emulator.
2. This user system interface board can only be used in combination with the specified QFP socket
(NQPACK144SD).
Install the FP-144F IC socket (NQPACK144SD manufactured by Tokyo Eletech Corporation) on the user
system to connect the emulator. Since the pin arrangement is the same as that of the actual MCU, refer to the
hardware manual.
Figure 3.18 shows the connection of the HS7145ECH61H, figure 3.19 shows the size restrictions for the
installed components of the HS7145ECH61H, and figure 3.20 shows the recommended mount pad dimensions
of the user system IC socket.
37
Evaluation chip board
Screws (M2.0 × 10 mm)
Board
Spacer
Pin 1
IC socket
User system
Figure 3.18 Connection Using the HS7145ECH61H
User system
IC socket
(NQPACK144SD manufactured by
Tokyo Eletech Corporation)
12.0
11.4
33.9
56.6
Evaluation chip board
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ±0.5 mm
Figure 3.19 Restrictions on Component Installation
38
23.00
19.00
0.5 × 35 = 17.5
7.00
0.25
7.0
0.5 × 35 = 17.5
0.50
0.50
Ø3.2
SL-type
3 - Ø1.0
2.00
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ±0.10 mm
Figure 3.20 Recommended Mount Pad Dimensions of the User System IC Socket
39
Connection Using the Dedicated Connector
WARNING
Always switch OFF the emulator and user system before
connecting or disconnecting any CABLES.
Failure to do so will result in a FIRE HAZARD, and will damage
the user system or emulator or result in PERSONAL INJURY.
Also, the USER PROGRAM will be LOST.
Note: This evaluation chip board can only be used in combination with the specified dedicated connector (WD200P-VF85-N).
Install the dedicated connector (WD-200P-VF85-N manufactured by Japan Aviation Electronics Industry, Ltd.)
on the user system to connect the emulator. Figures 3.21, 3.22, and 3.23 show connection using the dedicated
connector, size restrictions for the installed components, and the location for mounting the connector in the user
system, respectively.
Evaluation chip board
Connector: WD-200P-VF85-N
(manufactured by Japan Aviation
Electronics Industry, Ltd.)
Figure 3.21 Connection Using the Dedicated Connector
8.3
19.9
43.9
Evaluation chip board
User system
Connector: WD-200P-VF85-N
(manufactured by Japan Aviation
Electronics Industry, Ltd.)
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ±0.1 mm
Figure 3.22 Size Restrictions for the Installed Components
40
140.0
83.0
2
1
116.0
200
199
UCN2
2
200
199
UCN1
1
Hole for a connector (NTH) × 4
WD-200P-VF85-N
Unit: mm
Tolerance: ±0.1 mm
Figure 3.23 Location for Mounting the Connector in the User System
To design the foot pattern, refer to the catalog on WD-200P-VF85-N for dimensions.
41
3.4.2
Pin Arrangement on the User System Interface Connector
Table 3.5 lists the pin arrangement on the user system interface connector of HS7046EPH60H.
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H
User I/F 1
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 1
Pin No.
Signal Name
UCN1
1
GND
UCN1
25
N.C. (SMSB0_N)
2
GND
26
GND
3
GND
27
GND
4
GND
28
N.C. (SDB7_P)
42
5
GND
29
N.C. (SE_N)
6
GND
30
N.C. (SDB6_P)
7
GND (TGBON1)
31
N.C. (SMSPT_N)
8
N.C. (SDB15_P)
32
N.C. (SDB5_P)
9
N.C. (SMS3_N)
33
N.C. (SMSE_N)
10
N.C. (SDB14_P)
34
N.C. (SDB4_P)
11
N.C. (SMS2_N)
35
N.C. (SIORD_N)
12
N.C. (SDB13_P)
36
GND
13
N.C. (SMS1_N)
37
GND
14
N.C. (SDB12_P)
38
N.C. (SDB3_P)
15
N.C. (SMS0_N)
39
N.C. (SSSTBY_N)
16
GND
40
N.C. (SDB2_P)
17
GND
41
N.C. (SIOWORD_N)
18
N.C. (SDB11_P)
42
N.C. (SDB1_P)
19
N.C. (SMSB3_N)
43
N.C. (SWAIT_N)
20
N.C. (SDB10_P)
44
N.C. (SDB0_P)
21
N.C. (SMSB2_N)
45
N.C. (SIOWR_N)
22
N.C. (SDB9_P)
46
GND
23
N.C. (SMSB1_N)
47
GND
24
N.C. (SDB8_P)
48
N.C.
(SHCANSTART_P)
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H (cont)
User I/F 1
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 1
Pin No.
Signal Name
UCN1
49
N.C.
UCN1
75
N.C.
50
N.C.
76
N.C.
51
N.C.
77
GND
52
N.C.
78
GND
53
N.C.
79
PE21/PWOBB/SCK4/A15
54
N.C.
80
N.C.
55
N.C.
81
PE20/PVOB/TXD4/A14
56
GND
82
PE13/TIOC4B/_MRES
57
GND
83
PE19/PUOB/RXD4/A13
58
N.C.
84
PE12/TIOC4A/TXD1/TXD3
59
N.C.
85
PE18/PWOA/-/A12
60
N.C.
86
PE11/TIOC3D/RXD1/RXD3
61
N.C.
87
GND
62
N.C.
88
GND
63
N.C.
89
PE17/PVOA/_WAIT/A11
64
N.C.
90
PE10/TIOC3C/TXD2/_WRL/
HRxD0&HRxD
65
GND
91
PE16/PUOA/_UBCTRG/A10
66
N.C.
92
PE9/TIOC3B/SCK1/SCk3/
HTxD0&HTxD1
67
N.C.
93
PE15/TIOC4D/DACK1/
_IRQOUT
68
GND
94
PE8/TIOC3A/SCK2/_WRH
69
N.C.
95
PE14/TIOC4C/DACK0
70
N.C.
96
PE7/TIOC2B/RXD2/A9
71
N.C.
97
N.C.
72
N.C.
98
GND
73
N.C.
99
3VCC
74
N.C.
100
PE6/TIOC2A/SCK3/A8
43
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H (cont)
User I/F 1
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 1
Pin No.
UCN1
101
3VCC
UCN1
127
Signal Name
GND
102
PE5/TIOC1B/TXD3/A7
128
GND
103
3VCC
129
GND
104
PE4/TIOC1A/RXD3/A6
130
PD5/D5/-/AUDMD
105
3VCC
131
PB9/_IRQ7/A21/_ADTRG/-/-/-/-
106
PE3/TIOC0D/DRAK1/_CS3
132
PD6/D6/-/AUDCK
107
3VCC
133
PB8/_IRQ6/A20/_WAIT/-/-/-/-
108
GND
134
PD7/D7/-/_AUDSYNC
109
3VCC
135
GND
110
PE2/TIOC0C/_DREQ1/_CS2
136
PD8/D8/-/_UBCTRG
111
5VCC
137
PB7/_IRQ5/A19/_BREQ/-/-/-/-
112
PE1/TIOC0B/_DRAK0/_CS1
138
GND
113
5VCC
139
PB6/_IRQ4/A18/_BACK/-/-/-/-
114
PE0/TIOC0A/_DREQ0/_CS0
140
PD9/D9/-/-
115
5VCC
141
PB5/_IRQ3/_POE/-/SDA1/CK/
116
PD0/D0/RXD2/AUDATA0
142
PD10/D10/-/-
117
5VCC
143
PB4/_IRQ2/_POE2/-/SCL1/
118
GND
144
PD11/D11/-/-
119
5VCC
145
PB3/_IRQ1/_POE1/-/SDA0/
120
PD1/D1/TXD2/AUDATA1
146
121
5VCC
147
N.C.
122
PD2/D2/SCK2/AUDATA2
148
GND
123
N.C.
149
PB2/_IRQ0/_POE0/-/SCL0/
124
PD3/D3/-/AUDATA3
150
PD13/D13/-/-
125
GND
151
PB1/A17/HRxD0/HRxD1/-/-/-/
126
PD4/D4/-/AUDRET
152
PD14/D14/-/-
HRxD2/-
_POEHIZ/HTxD2/SCK4
_VCOSTOP/-/TXD4
PD12/D12/-/-
_OSCER/-/RXD4
SCK4
44
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H (cont)
User I/F 1
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 1
Pin No.
Signal Name
UCN1
153
PB0/A16/HTxD0/HTxD1/-/-/-/-
UCN1
177
GND
154
PD15/D15/-/-
178
PD24/D24/_DREQ0/_UBCTRG
155
PC15/A15/-/-
179
PC6/A6/-/-
156
PD16/D16/_IRQ0/AUDATA0
180
PD25/D25/_DREQ1/-
157
GND
181
PC5/D5/-/-
158
GND
182
PD26/D26/DACK0/-
159
PC14/A14/-/-
183
PC4/A4/-/-
160
PD17/D17/_IRQ1/AUDATA1
184
PD27/D27/DACK1/-
161
PC13/A13/-/-
185
GND
162
PD18/D18/_IRQ2/AUDATA2
186
GND
PC3/A3/-/-
163
PC12/A12/-/-
187
164
PD19/D19/_IRQ3/AUDATA3
188
PD28/D28/_CS2/-
165
PC11/A11/-/-
189
PC2/A2/-/-
166
GND
190
PD29/D29/_CS3/-
167
GND
191
PC1/A1/-/-
168
PD20/D20/_IRQ4/_AUDRST
192
PD30/D30/_IRQOUT/-
169
PC10/A10/-/-
193
PC0/A0/-/-/HRxD1
170
PD21/D21/_IRQ5/AUDMD
194
PD31/D31/_ADTRG/-
171
PC9/A9/-/-
195
GND
172
PD22/D22/_IRQ6/AUDCK
196
GND
173
PC8/A8/-/-
197
GND
174
PD23/D23/_IRQ7/_AUDSYNC
198
GND
175
PC7/A7/-/-
199
GND
176
GND
200
GND
45
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H (cont)
User I/F 2
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 2
Pin No.
UCN2
1
GND
UCN2
31
N.C. (SAB1_P)
2
GND
32
MD3
46
Signal Name
3
GND
33
N.C. (SAB2_P)
4
GND
34
MD2
5
GND
35
N.C. (SAB3_P)
6
GND
36
MD1
7
GND
37
GND
8
GND
38
GND
9
N.C. (S0CLR0_N)
39
N.C. (SAB4_P)
10
N.C. (S1CLR0_N)
40
MD0
11
N.C. (S0CLR1_N)
41
N.C. (SAB5_P)
12
N.C. (S1CLR1_N)
42
NMI
13
N.C. (S0CLR2_N)
43
N.C. (SAB6_P)
14
N.C. (S1CLR2_N)
44
_HSTBY
15
N.C. (S0CLR3_N)
45
N.C. (SAB7_P)
16
N.C. (S1CLR3_N)
46
N.C.
17
GND
47
GND
18
GND
48
VCC
19
N.C. (S2CLR0_N)
49
N.C. (SAB8_P)
20
N.C. (S3CLR0_N)
50
VCC
21
N.C. (S2CLR1_N)
51
N.C. (SAB9_P)
22
N.C. (S3CLR1_N)
52
VCC
23
N.C. (S2CLR2_N)
53
N.C. (SAB10_P)
24
N.C. (S3CLR2_N)
54
PVCC
25
N.C. (S2CLR3_N)
55
N.C. (SAB11_P)
26
N.C. (S3CLR3_N)
56
PVCC
27
GND
57
GND
28
GND
58
PVCC
29
N.C. (SAB0_P)
59
N.C. (SVID4_N)
30
MD4
60
PVCC
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H (cont)
User I/F 2
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 2
Pin No.
Signal Name
UCN2
61
N.C. (SVID3_N)
UCN2
90
N.C. (S2REQ3_N)
62
PVCC
91
N.C. (S3REQ0_N)
63
N.C. (SVID2_N)
92
N.C.
64
PVCC
93
N.C. (S3REQ1_N)
65
N.C. (SVID1_N)
94
N.C.
66
N.C.
95
N.C. (S3REQ2_N)
67
GND
96
N.C.
68
GND
97
N.C. (S3REQ3_N)
69
N.C. (SVID0_N)
98
N.C.
70
_RES
99
N.C. (S3REQ4_N)
71
N.C. (S0REQ0_N)
100
N.C.
72
N.C. (SADTRG2_N)
101
GND
73
N.C. (S0REQ1_N)
102
AVCC
74
N.C. (SADTRG1_N)
103
N.C.
75
N.C. (S0REQ2_N)
104
AVCC
76
N.C. (SADTRG0_N)
105
N.C. (EVAVCC)
77
GND
106
AVCC
78
GND
107
N.C. (EVAVCC)
79
N.C. (S0REQ3_N)
108
AVCC
80
N.C. (SMTUADTRG_N)
109
N.C. (EVAVCC)
81
N.C. (S1REQ0_N)
110
AVref
82
N.C.
(SMMTADTRG_N)
111
N.C.
83
N.C. (S1REQ1_N)
112
AVref
84
N.C. (S2REQ0_N)
113
N.C.
85
N.C. (S1REQ2_N)
114
AVSS
86
N.C. (S2REQ1_N)
115
N.C.
87
GND
116
AVSS
88
N.C. (S2REQ2_N)
117
N.C.
89
N.C. (S1REQ3_N)
118
AVSS
47
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H (cont)
User I/F 2
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 2
Pin No.
Signal Name
UCN2
119
N.C.
UCN2
140
GND
120
AVSS
141
GND
121
GND
142
PF8/AN8
122
PF0/AN0
143
PA6/TCLKA/_CS2/_RD//RXD2/-/-
123
N.C.
144
PF9/AN9
124
PF1/AN1
145
PA7/TCLKB/_CS3/
_WAIT/-/TXD2/-/-
125
N.C.
146
PF10/AN10
126
PF2/AN2
147
PA8/TCLKC/_IRQ2/D0/
-/RXD3/-/-
127
PA0/RXD0/-/-/A0/
_POE0/RXD2/-
148
PF11/AN11
128
PF3/AN3
149
PA9/TCLKD/_IRQ3/D1/
-/TXD3/-/-
129
PA1/TXD0/-/-/A1/
_POE1/TXD2/-
150
GND
130
GND
151
GND
131
GND
152
PF12/AN12
132
PF4/AN4
153
PA10/_CS0/_RD/D2/
TCK/SCK2/-/-
133
PA2/SCK0/_DREQ0/IRQ0/
154
PF13/AN13
A2/PCIO/ACK2/-
134
PF5/AN5
155
PA11/_CS1/_ADTRG/
D3/-/SCK3/-/-
135
PA3/RXD1/-/_WRL/A3/
_POE4/RXD3/-
156
PF14/AN14
136
PF6/AN6
157
PA12/_WRL/_UBCTRG/
D4/TDI/-/-/-
137
PA4/TXD1/-
158
PF15/AN15
138
PF7/AN7
159
PA13/_WRH/POE4/D5/
TDO/_BREQ/-/-
139
PA5/SCK1/_DREQ1/_IRQ1/
160
GND
A5/_POE6/ACK3/-
48
Table 3.5 Pin Arrangement on HS7046EPH60H (cont)
User I/F 2
Pin No.
Signal Name
User I/F 2
Pin No.
UCN2
161
GND
UCN2
181
Signal Name
GND
162
PG0/AN16
182
EXTAL
163
PA14/_RD/POE5/D6/
TMS/-/-/-
183
PA22/_WRHL/-/-/-/-/-/-
164
PG1/AN17
184
GND
165
PA15/CK/_POE6/D7/
_TRES/_BACK/-/-
185
PA23/_WRHH/-/-/-/-/-/-
166
PG2/AN18
186
N.C. (CKEO_P)
167
PA16/-/_POE7/-/-/-/-/-
187
_WDTOVF
168
PG3/AN19
188
GND
169
PA17/_WAIT/PCIO/-/-/-/-/-
189
PINMD1*
170
N.C.
190
FWP
171
GND
191
PINMD0*
172
AVref
192
N.C. (SVRES_N)
173
PA18/_BREQ/DRAK0/-/-/-/-/-
193
GND
174
AVref
194
GND (TGBON2)
175
PA19/_BACK/DRAK1/-/-/-/-/-
195
GND
176
AVref
196
GND
177
PA20/-/-/-/-/-/-/-
197
GND
178
AVref
198
GND
179
PA21/-/-/-/-/-/-/-
199
GND
180
N.C.
200
GND
Note: Signals PINMD1 and PINMD0 are used for recognition of the target MCUs. Pin processing must be
handled according to the table below.
Target MCU
PINMD1
SH7046
GND
PINMD0
GND
SH7047
GND
Vcc (pulled up at 1 kΩ)
SH7144
Vcc (pulled up at 1 kΩ)
GND
SH7145
Vcc (pulled up at 1 kΩ)
Vcc (pulled up at 1 kΩ)
49
3.4.3
Precautions on Connecting the User System
When connecting the evaluation chip board to the user system, note the followings:
1. Secure the E6000H station location.
Place the E6000H station and evaluation chip board so that the station to trace cable is not bent or twisted, as
shown below. A bent or twisted cable will impose stress on the user interface, leading to connection or
contact failure. Make sure that the E6000H station is placed in a secure position so that it does not move and
impose stress on the user interface during use.
E6000H
HITACHI
OK
E6000H
HITACHI
E6000H
HITA
CHI
NG
NG
2. Make sure the power supply is off.
Before connecting the evaluation chip board to the user system, check that the emulator and the user system
are turned off.
3.
50
Connect the UVCC to the user system power.
The emulator monitors and determines whether the user system is turned on or off by the UVCC pins
(HS7046EPH60H: pins 48, 50, 52 (VCC), 54, 56, 58, 60, 62, and 64 (PVCC)) on the user system interface
connector (UCN2).
Accordingly, after connecting the user system to the emulator, be sure to supply power to the VCC pins.
Otherwise, the emulator assumes that the user system is not connected.
When the user system is connected, check that the power of the user system is supplied to these pins.
3.5
Support of the Target MCU
3.5.1
Memory Space
The MCU has a 4-Gbyte memory space in its architecture.
On-Chip ROM Area
• Access to the on-chip ROM area
The emulator includes substitute RAM for the MCU’s on-chip ROM. The substitute RAM is accessed if an
attempt is made to access the on-chip ROM. The on-chip ROM area access differs between user program
execution and the emulator commands.
Only read access is enabled during execution of the user program. A break occurs if the on-chip ROM area is
written to. However, if write access to the on-chip ROM area has been selected in the [Configuration] dialog
box, both reading and writing are enabled.
For access with emulator functions (Memory window or loading), read and write are always enabled.
The on-chip ROM area is read in one state and written to in six states.
• Flash memory
The emulator does not support the flash memory.
• Capacitance between on-chip ROM and on-chip RAM
In this emulator, note that the capacitance between on-chip ROM and on-chip RAM differs from that of the
product MCU. The display of the [Status] window applies to the product MCU.
Table 3.6 Capacitance between On-Chip ROM and On-Chip RAM
Item
Emulator
Product MCU
Capacitance of on-chip ROM
1 Mbyte
(H’00000000 to H’0000FFFF)
Refer to the MCU’s hardware
manual.
Capacitance of on-chip RAM
16 kbytes
(H’FFFF0000 to H’FFFF3FFF)
16 kbytes
(H’FFFFC000 to H’FFFFFFFF)
On-Chip I/O Area
If an attempt is made to access the on-chip I/O area, the on-chip I/O area in the MCU installed in the emulator is
accessed. To break the user program when the on-chip I/O area is written to or accessed, use the hardware break
or internal break.
External Memory Area
The MCU’s external memory area can be set with all memory attributes that the emulator supports.
51
3.5.2
Low Power-Consumption Mode (Sleep, Software Standby, and Hardware Standby)
For reduced power consumption, the MCU has sleep, software standby, and hardware standby modes.
Hardware Standby Mode
Since the _HSTBY signal from the user system is not input to the MCU in the emulator, the emulator does not
support this mode.
Sleep and Software Standby Modes
• Break
The sleep and software standby modes can be cleared with either the normal clearing function or with the
break condition satisfaction (forced break), and the program breaks. When restarting after a break, the user
program will restart at the instruction following the SLEEP instruction.
• Trace
Trace information is not acquired in these modes.
• Memory access with emulator functions
For information on displaying and modifying the contents of memory in the sleep and software standby
modes, refer to section 5.4, Displaying and Modifying the Contents of Memory.
3.5.3
Interrupts
During execution and step execution, the user can interrupt the MCU.
During halting emulation (break mode), the interrupt source is retained. The mode transits the interrupt
processing immediately after emulation is restarted.
3.5.4
Control Input Signals (_RES, _BREQ, and _WAIT)
The MCU control input signals are _RES, _BREQ, and _WAIT.
The _RES signal is only valid when emulation has been started with normal program execution (i.e., the _RES
signal is invalid when emulation has been started with step execution). While emulation is being halted (break),
the input of the _RES signal to the MCU is not possible. The input of the _RES signal during execution or step
execution is disabled by a setting in the [Configuration Properties] dialog box.
The _BREQ and _WAIT signals are always valid during emulation or emulation halted (break). The input of
those signals is disabled by a setting in the [Configuration Properties] dialog box.
3.5.5
Bus State Controller (BSC)
The wait state controller has a programmable wait mode and a WAIT pin input mode. The programmable wait
mode is valid when the emulation memory or user external memory is accessed, but input to the user WAIT pin
is only valid when user external memory is accessed.
3.5.6
Watchdog Timer (WDT)
While emulation is being halted (during break), counting up the WDT timer counter (TCNT) is suspended, and
restarted when emulation is executed again (user mode).
During break mode, a prescaler, which supplies a clock to TCNT, operates continuously. Since the phase of the
prescaler may be unmatched before or after emulation transits the break mode, the period before an overflow
occurs will differ by ±1 cycle in the prescaler’s clock cycle.
52
3.5.7
A/D Converter
The A/D converter has AVcc, AVss, Avref, and _ADTRG pins as well as the analog input pins. As the A/D
converter operates with an independent power supply, connect AVcc (the power supply pin) to the A/D power
supply on the user system.
Notes: 1. When not using the A/D converter, connect AVcc to Vcc.
2. As the user system interface cable, printed circuit boards, and protective circuits are connected
between the MCU and the user system in the emulator pod, the conversion precision is lower than
that of the SH7046 series or SH7144 series MCUs. At final debugging of the user system using the
A/D converter, use the actual SH7046 series or SH7144 series (F-ZTAT microcomputer) MCUs.
3.5.8
Emulator State and On-Chip Modules
Some on-chip modules do not operate when the emulator is in break mode. Table 3.7 shows the relation between
the emulator’s state and operation of the on-chip modules.
Table 3.7 Emulator State and Operation of On-Chip Modules
On-Chip Module
Operation During
Emulation Halted
(Break)
Operation During
Emulation
(Execution or Step
Execution)
WDT (watchdog timer)
No
Yes
MTU (multi-function timer pulse unit)
Yes
Yes
MMT (motor management unit)
Yes
Yes
CMT (compare-match timer)
Yes
Yes
SCI (serial communication interface)
Yes
Yes
*1
DTC (data transfer controller)
Yes
HCAN2
Yes
Yes
UBC (user break controller)
No
Yes
AUD (advanced user debugger)
Yes
Yes
I/O port
Yes
Yes
A/D converter
Yes
Yes
H-UDI (user debugging interface)
Notes: 1.
2.
Yes
*2
Not available
*2
Not available
If a break occurs during a DTC cycle (vector read, read/write of transferred information, or data
read/write), the DTC continues operation until the DTC cycle is complete. The DTC resumes
operation after it returns to emulation.
Not supported by the emulator.
53
3.5.9
Pin Functions
This emulator supports the extended functions that are not included in the product MCU. Therefore, the pin
status, which does not exist in the SH7046, SH7047, SH7144, or SH7145, may be displayed. Table 3.8 shows
the difference between the pins of which status is monitored on the emulator and the product MCU.
Table 3.8 Pin Functions
Pin Name
Emulator
SH7046F
SH7047F
SH7144F
_RES
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SH7145F
Yes
NMI
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
_IRQ0
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
_IRQ1
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
_IRQ2
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
_IRQ3
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
_IRQ4
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
_IRQ5
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
_IRQ6
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
_IRQ7
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
_WAIT
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
_BREQ
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
_HSTBY
Yes
No
Yes
No
No
When the emulator monitors the status of multiplexed pins IRQ0 to IRQ7, WAIT, and BREQ, the corresponding
ports must be correctly set on the [Pin Select Registers] page of the [Configuration Properties] dialog box.
54
3.5.10
Different Initial Values of Registers in the Emulator
Note that the emulator initializes some general or control registers whenever the system is activated or the MCU
is reset by commands.
Table 3.9 Initial Values of Registers in the MCU and the Emulator
Emulator
Register Name
Power On
Reset (Reset CPU)
MCU (Reset)
PC
Power-on reset vector
PC value
Power-on reset vector
PC value
Power-on reset vector
PC value
R0 to R14
H'00000000
Value before reset
Undefined
R15 (SP)
Power-on reset vector
SP value
Power-on reset vector
SP value
Power-on reset vector
SP value
SR
H'000000F0
H'000000F0
H'00000XFX*
GBR
H'00000000
Value before reset
Undefined
VBR
H'00000000
H'00000000
H'00000000
MACH
H'00000000
Value before reset
Undefined
MACL
H'00000000
Value before reset
Undefined
PR
H'00000000
Value before reset
Undefined
Note: X indicates an undefined value.
55
56
Section 4 Diagnostic Test Procedure
This section describes the diagnostic test procedure using the E6000H diagnostic program.
4.1
System Set-Up for Diagnostic Program Execution
To execute the diagnostic program, use the following hardware; do not connect the user system interface board
and user system.
• E6000H (HS7046EPH60H)
• Host computer
• The E6000 PC interface board which will be one of the following boards:
PCI bus interface board (HS6000EIC01H or HS6000EIC02H)
PC card interface (HS6000EIP01H)
LAN adapter (HS6000ELN01H)
USB adapter (HS6000EIU01H or HS6000EIU02H)
1. Install the E6000 PC interface board in the host computer and connect the supplied PC interface cable to the
board.
2. Connect the PC interface cable to the E6000H.
3. Connect the supplied AC power cable to the E6000H.
4. Initiate the host computer to make it enter the command input wait state of the DOS prompt (Windows®
98SE or Windows® Me) or command prompt (Windows NT®, Windows® 2000, or Windows® XP). If the
property of the prompt window is not a mode for displaying the whole screen, press the [Alt + Enter] key to
switch the mode. To set back the mode, press the [Alt + Enter] key. The display of the screen is switched
regardless of the OS being used.
Note: In the MS-DOS prompt, if the display of the screen is not switched after pressing the [Alt + Enter] key,
mark the [Alt+Enter] check box in [Windows shortcut keys] of the [Misc] page on the [MS-DOS Prompt
Properties] dialog box and click the [Apply] button to update the settings, as shown in figure 4.1.
57
Figure 4.1 [Misc] Page
5.
Turn on the E6000H emulator switch.
Note: To execute the diagnostic program, firstly turn on the power of the emulator. In the diagnostic program,
the initial state of hardware is checked. Therefore, after the power is turned on, do not activate the Highperformance Embedded Workshop before executing the diagnostic program.
58
4.2
Test Item of the Diagnostic Program
Table 4.1 shows the test items of this diagnostic program.
Table 4.1 Test Items of the Diagnostic Program
Test No.
Test Item
Description
1
Main Board Access
Register test in the E6000H main board
2
Emulation Board Access
Register test in the E6000H emulation
board
3
Evaluation Chip Board Access
Register test in the E6000H evaluation
chip board
4
Basic Function
Test for the basic function
5
GO to BREAK Time Measurement
Test for the execution time
measurement function
6
Emulation Monitor
Test for emulation monitor
7
G/A Break Function
Test for the G/A break function
8
G/A Performance Analysis Function
Test for the G/A performance
measurement function
9
G/A Monitor Function
Test for the G/A monitoring function
10
G/A Parallel RAM Monitor
Test for the G/A parallel RAM
monitoring function
11
G/A Trace Function
Test for the G/A trace function
12
Combination
Test for combination of each function
13
Parallel Access
Test for the parallel access function
14
PC Coverage
Test for the PC coverage function
59
4.3
Diagnostic Test Procedure Using the Diagnostic Program
Insert the CD-R (HS7046EPH60SR supplied with the E6000H) into the CD-ROM drive of the host computer,
move the current directory to <Drive>:\Diag with a command prompt, and enter one of the following commands
according to the PC interface board used to initiate the diagnostic program:
1. PCI bus interface board (HS6000EIC01H or HS6000EIC02H)
> TM7046 –PCI (RET)
2. PC card interface (HS6000EIP01H)
> TM7046 –PCCD (RET)
3. LAN adapter (HS6000ELN01H)
> TM7046 –ELN (RET)
4. USB adapter (HS6000EIU01H or HS6000EIU02H)
> TM7046 –USB (RET)
The High-performance Embedded Workshop must be installed before the test program is executed.
Be sure to initiate the diagnostic program from <Drive>:\Diag. Do not initiate it from a directory other than
<Drive>:\Diag, such as > <Drive>:\Diag\TM7046 –PCI (RET). If the diagnostic program is initiated when the
current directory is not <Drive>:\Diag, the diagnostic program will not operate correctly.
When –S is added to the command line such as > TM7046 –PCI –S (RET), steps 1 to 14 will be repeatedly
executed. To stop the execution, enter Q.
Notes: 1.
2.
60
<Drive> is a drive name for the CD-ROM drive.
Do not remove the CD-R from the CD-ROM drive during test program execution.
The following messages are displayed during the test. There are 14 steps in this test (when a PCI interface board
is used, the time for the test will be about three minutes).
Message
Description
E6000H SH7046 Emulator Tests Vx.x.xx.xxx
Test program start message. x.x
shows the version number.
Loading driver ....................OK (Use PCI)
Shows that the PC interface
board is correctly installed in
the host computer.
Initializing driver .......................OK
Searching for interface card ..............OK
Checking emulator is connected ............OK
Shows that the E6000H
emulator is correctly connected
to the host computer.
Emulator board information:
Main board ID: H'0
Emulation board ID:
H'002
Shows the ID number of the
E6000H emulator.
Normal started at Wed Jan 22 09:43:43 2003
Shows the time when the
diagnostic program has started.
******* NORMAL TEST - Press 'Q' to stop *******
(COUNT=0001)
1. Main Board Access
01) Registers Initial Value Check .............................OK
02) Registers Write/Verify ....................................OK
03) DPRAM Address Decode Test .................................SKIP
04) DPRAM Marching Test .......................................SKIP
05) Trace Memory Address Decode Test ..........................OK
06) Trace Memory Marching Test ................................OK
07) G/A Registers Initial Value Check .........................OK
08) G/A Registers Write/Verify ................................OK
2. Emulation Board Access
01) Registers Initial Value Check .............................OK
02) Registers Write/Verify ....................................OK
03) H-UDI Interface Registers Initial Value Check .............OK
04) H-UDI Interface Registers Write/Verify ....................OK
05) MAPR Interface Registers Initial Value Check ..............OK
06) MAPR Interface Registers Write/Verify .....................OK
07) PRALR Interface Registers Initial Value Check .............OK
08) PRALR Interface Registers Write/Verify ....................OK
61
3. Evaluation Board Access
01) Registers Initial Value Check .............................OK
02) Registers Write/Verify ....................................OK
03) H-UDI IDCODE Check ........................................OK
04) Firmware BOOT .............................................OK
05) Configuration Set .........................................OK
06) Emulation Memory CS0 Test .................................OK
07) Emulation Memory CS1 Test .................................OK
08) Emulation Memory CS2 Test .................................OK
09) Emulation Memory CS3 Test .................................OK
10) Emulation Memory Test .....................................OK
11) INROM Test ................................................OK
12) INRAM Test ................................................OK
4. Basic Function
01) GO to BREAK ...............................................OK
02) RESET GO ..................................................OK
03) STEP ......................................................OK
04) KEYBREAK ..................................................OK
05) BRKCONT ...................................................OK
06) ERAM WRITE PROTECT Test ...................................OK
07) INROM WRITE PROTECT Test ..................................OK
08) ERAM GOD Test .............................................OK
5. GO to BREAK Time Measurement
01) Counter Test Mode .........................................OK
02) EMU 10MHz MPU 20MHz Sampling 20ns
........................OK
03) EMU 10MHz MPU 40MHz Sampling 1.6u .........................OK
04) EMU 10MHz MPU 40MHz Sampling 52u ..........................OK
05) EMU 10MHz MPU 40MHz Sampling MPU ..........................OK
06) EMU 10MHz MPU 40MHz Sampling MPU/2 ........................OK
07) EMU 10MHz MPU 40MHz Sampling MPU/4 ........................OK
08) EMU 10MHz MPU 40MHz Sampling MPU/8 ........................OK
09) EMU 10MHz MPU 20MHz Sampling 100ns ........................OK
6. Emulation Monitor
01) TRES ......................................................OK
02) ASEST3 - 0 ................................................OK
03) VCC3VNG ...................................................OK
04) PVCC-NG ...................................................OK
62
7. G/A Break Function
01) Address Condition .........................................OK
02) Data Condition ............................................OK
03) Control Signal Condition (ASEDSHH/HL/LH/HL) ...............OK
04) Function Code Condition (ASEAST3-0) .......................OK
05) Control Signal Condition (ASEAA3-0) .......................OK
06) Control Signal Condition (DMA) ............................OK
8. G/A Performance Analysis Function
01) Time Measurement (20ns Sampling) ..........................OK
02) Pckcr Emclk Test 4MHz .....................................OK
03) Pckcr Emclk Test 12MHz ....................................OK
04) Pckcr Emclk Test 20MHz ....................................OK
05) Pckcr Emclk Test 25MHz ....................................OK
06) Pckcr Emclk Test 32MHz ....................................OK
07) Pckcr Emclk Test 50MHz ....................................OK
9. G/A Monitor Function
01) RUN .......................................................OK
02) VCCDOWN ...................................................OK
03) NOCLK .....................................................OK
04) TIMEOUT ...................................................OK
10. G/A Parallel RAM Monitor
01) PRAM Monitor (BYTE) .......................................OK
02) PRAM Monitor (WORD) .......................................OK
03) PRAM Monitor (LONG WORD) ..................................OK
04) PRAM Monitor (ERAM CS0(8Bit) LONG WORD) ...................OK
05) PRAM Monitor (ERAM CS1(16Bit) WORD) .......................OK
06) PRAM Monitor (ERAM CS2(32Bit) BYTE) .......................OK
07) PRAM Monitor (ERAM CS3(32Bit) LONG WORD) ..................OK
11. G/A Trace Function
01) Free Trace ................................................OK
02) Trace Stop ................................................OK
03) Time Stamp ................................................OK
04) Trace Suppress ............................................OK
05) Range Trace ...............................................OK
06) Sequential Trace Stop .....................................OK
07) TBM Overflow Trace ........................................OK
08) Timeout Trace Stop ........................................OK
09) Subroutine Trace ..........................................OK
10) INROM Trace ...............................................OK
63
12. Combination
01) B to A Time Measurement( FPGA counter ) ...................OK
02) B to A Time Measurement( G/A counter ) ....................OK
03) D to C Time Measurement( G/A counter ) ....................OK
13. Parallel Access
01) INROM Parallel Read Access(Byte/Long) .....................OK
02) INROM Parallel Write Access(Byte/Long) ....................OK
03) ERAM Parallel Read Access(Byte/Long) ......................OK
04) ERAM Parallel Write Access(Byte/Long) .....................OK
05) ERAM Parallel Write Access(Byte/Word/Long) ................OK
06) ERAM Parallel Read Access(Byte/Word/Long) .................OK
07) INROM Parallel Write Access(Byte/Word/Long) ...............OK
08) INROM Parallel Read Access(Byte/Word/Long) ................OK
14. PC Coverage
01) PC Coverage ...............................................OK
Normal stopped at Wed Jan 22 09:46:55 2003
Shows the time when the
diagnostic program has
ended.
Tests run for 0H:3M:12S
Shows the execution time
of the diagnostic program.
Summary:
Tests performed 1 time(s).
1. Main Board Access
2. Emulation Board Access
3. Evaluation Board Access
4. Basic Function
5. GO to BREAK Time Measurement
6. Emulation Monitor
7. G/A Break Function
8. G/A Performance Analysis Function
9. G/A Monitor Function
10. G/A Parallel RAM Monitor
11. G/A Trace Function
12. Combination
13. Parallel Access
14. PC Coverage
Shows the total of the
number of errors occurred
in each test item.
64
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Error(s)
Debugger Part
Section 1 Overview
The Debugger Part includes the following information.
Table 1.1 Debugger Part Contents
Section
Title
Content
2
Preparation before Use
This section starts with creation of a workspace
and ends with connection to the emulator.
3
Debugging
This section describes this emulator ‘s peculiar
debugging operation and the associated windows
and dialog boxes.
Refer to the High-performance Embedded
Workshop user's manual about High-performance
Embedded Workshop common functions as below.
⎯ Preparations for Debugging
⎯ Viewing a Program
⎯ Operating Memory
⎯ Displaying Memory Contents as
Waveforms
⎯ Displaying Memory Contents as an Image
⎯ Modifying the variables
⎯ Viewing the I/O Memory
⎯ Looking at Registers
⎯ Executing Your Program
⎯ Viewing the Function Call History
⎯ Debugging with the Command Line
Interface
⎯ Elf/Dwarf2 Support
⎯ Looking at Labels
4
Tutorial
This section describes how to use the emulator
functions by using a tutorial program provided with
the emulator.
5
Software Specifications and Notes
Specific to This Product
This section describes software specifications and
notes regarding the emulator.
6
Error Messages
This section describes the contents of error
messages that may occur while the emulator is in
use, and solutions to them.
1
2
Section 2 Preparation before Use
2.1
Method for Activating High-performance Embedded Workshop
To activate the High-performance Embedded Workshop, follow the procedure listed below.
1. Connect the emulator to the host computer.
2. Connect the user system interface cable to the connector of the emulator if you use the user system interface
cable. This is not necessary when you do not use the user system interface cable.
Turn on the emulator. Be sure to turn on the user system before supplying power to the emulator if you use
the user system.
3. Activate the High-performance Embedded Workshop from [Programs] in the [Start] menu.
4. The [Welcome!] dialog box is displayed.
Figure 2.1 [Welcome!] Dialog Box
[Create a new project workspace] radio button: Creates a new workspace.
[Open a recent project workspace] radio button: Uses an existing workspace and displays the history of the
opened workspace.
[Browse to another project workspace] radio button: Uses an existing workspace; this radio button is used when
the history of the opened workspace does not remain.
In this section, we describe the following three ways to start up the High-performance Embedded Workshop:
•
[Create a new project workspace] - a toolchain is not in use
•
[Create a new project workspace] - a toolchain is in use
•
[Browse to another project workspace]
The method to create a new workspace depends on whether a toolchain is or is not in use. Note that this emulator
product does not include a toolchain. Use of a toolchain is available in an environment where the H8S, H8/300
series C/C++ compiler package or the SuperH™ RISC engine C/C++ compiler package has been installed. For
details on this, refer to the manual attached to the H8S, H8/300 series C/C++ compiler package or the SuperH™
RISC engine C/C++ compiler package.
3
2.1.1
Creating a New Workspace (Toolchain Not Used)
1. In the [Welcome!] dialog box that is displayed when the High-performance Embedded Workshop is activated,
select [Create a new project workspace] radio button and click the [OK] button.
Figure 2.2 [Welcome!] Dialog Box
4
2. Creation of a new workspace is started. The following dialog box is displayed.
Figure 2.3 [New Project Workspace] Dialog Box
[Workspace Name] edit box: Enter the new workspace name.
[Project Name] edit box: Enter the project name. When the project name is the same as the workspace name,
it needs not be entered.
[Directory] edit box: Enter the directory name in which the workspace will be created. Click the [Browse…]
button to select a directory.
[CPU family] combo box: Select the target CPU family.
Other list boxes are used for setting the toolchain; the fixed information is displayed when the toolchain has not
been installed.
Click the [OK] button.
5
3. Select the target platform of the session file. The following dialog box is displayed.
Figure 2.4 [New Project – Step 7] Dialog Box
The target platform for the session file used when the High-performance Embedded Workshop is
activated must be selected here. Check the box against the target platform and then click the [Next]
button.
6
4. Set the configuration file name. The configuration file saves the state of High-performance Embedded
Workshop except for the emulator.
Figure 2.5 [New Project – Step 8] Dialog Box
If multiple target platforms were selected in the [New Project – Step 7] dialog box shown in figure 2.5, set
the name of a configuration file for each of them, each time clicking the [Next] button to proceed to the next
target.
Setting of the configuration file name is the end of the emulator settings.
Click the [Finish] button to display the [Summary] dialog box. Clicking the [OK] button activates the Highperformance Embedded Workshop.
5. After the High-performance Embedded Workshop has been activated, the emulator is automatically
connected. The message “Connected” is displayed on the [Debug] tab in the [Output] window to indicate the
completion of connection.
7
2.1.2 Creating a New Workspace (Toolchain Used)
1. In the [Welcome!] dialog box that is displayed when the High-performance Embedded Workshop is activated,
select the [Create a new project workspace] radio button and click the [OK] button.
Figure 2.6 [Welcome!] Dialog Box
8
2. Creation of a new workspace is started. The following dialog box is displayed.
Figure 2.7 [New Project Workspace] Dialog Box
[Workspace Name] edit box: Enter the new workspace name.
[Project Name] edit box: Enter the project name. When the project name is the same as the workspace name,
it needs not be entered.
[Directory] edit box: Enter the directory name in which the workspace will be created. Click the [Browse…]
button to select a directory.
[CPU family] combo box: Select the target CPU family.
[Tool chain] combo box: Select the target toolchain name when using the toolchain. Otherwise, select
[None].
[Project type] list box: Select the project type to be used.
Notes:
When [Demonstration] is selected in the emulator, note the followings:
The [Demonstration] is a program for the simulator attached to the H8S, H8/300 compiler package or
the SuperH™ RISC engine C/C++ compiler package. To use the generated source file, delete the
printf statement in the source file.
9
3. Make the required setting for the toolchain. When the setting has been completed, the following dialog box
is displayed.
Figure 2.8 [New Project – Step 7] Dialog Box
The target platform for the session file used when the High-performance Embedded Workshop is activated
must be selected here. Check the box against the target platform and then click the [Next] button.
10
4. Set the configuration file name. The configuration file saves the state of High-performance Embedded
Workshop except for the emulator.
Figure 2.9 [New Project – Step 8] Dialog Box
If multiple target platforms were selected in the [New Project – Step 7] dialog box shown in figure 2.9, set
the configuration file name for each of them, each time clicking the [Next] button to proceed to the next
target.
Setting of the configuration file name is the end of the emulator settings.
Complete the creation of a new workspace according to the instructions on the screen. This activates the
High-performance Embedded Workshop.
5. After the High-performance Embedded Workshop has been activated, connect the emulator. However, it is
not necessary to connect the emulator immediately after the High-performance Embedded Workshop has
been activated.
Select either of the following two ways to connect the emulator: connecting the emulator after the setting at
emulator activation or without the setting at emulator activation. For details on the connection of the
emulator, refer to section 2.2, Connecting the Emulator.
11
2.1.3 Selecting an Existing Workspace
1. In the [Welcome!] dialog box that is displayed when the High-performance Embedded Workshop is activated,
select [Browse to another project workspace] radio button and click the [OK] button.
Figure 2.10 [Welcome!] Dialog Box
2. The [Open Workspace] dialog box is displayed. Select a directory in which you have created a workspace.
After that, select the workspace file (.hws) and click the [Open] button.
Figure 2.11 [Open Workspace] Dialog Box
3. This activates the High-performance Embedded Workshop and recovers the state of the selected workspace
at the time it was saved.
When the saved state information of the selected workspace includes connection to the emulator, the
emulator will automatically be connected. To connect the emulator when the saved state information does not
include connection to the emulator, refer to section 2.2, Connecting the Emulator.
12
2.2
Connecting the Emulator
Select either of the following two ways to connect the emulator:
(a) Connecting the emulator after the setting at emulator activation
Select [Debug -> Debug Settings…] to open the [Debug Settings] dialog box. It is possible to register the
download module or the command chain that is automatically executed at activation.
When the dialog box is closed after setting the [Debug Settings] dialog box, the emulator will automatically
be connected.
(b) Connecting the emulator without the setting at emulator activation
Connect the emulator by simply switching the session file to one in which the setting for the emulator use has
been registered.
Figure 2.12 Selecting the Session File
In the list box that is circled in figure 2.12, select the session file name including the character string that has
been set in the [Target name] text box in figure 2.9, [New Project – Step 8] dialog box. The setting for using the
emulator has been registered in this session file.
Selecting [Debug -> Connect] connects the emulator.
13
2.3
Re-connecting the Emulator
When the emulator is disconnected, re-connection is possible by using the following methods.
Select [Debug -> Connect] or click the [Connect] toolbar button (
) to re-connect the emulator.
Note: When re-connecting the emulator, the load module must be registered to the High-performance
Embedded Workshop beforehand.
2.4
Ending the Emulator
The emulator can be exited by using the following two methods:
(a) Canceling the connection of the emulator being activated
Select [Debug -> Disconnect] or click on the [Disconnect] toolbar button (
).
(b) Exiting the High-performance Embedded Workshop
1. Select [File -> Exit].
2. A message box is displayed. If necessary, click the [Yes] button to save a session. After saving a session,
the High-performance Embedded Workshop exits.
Figure 2.13 [Session has been modified] Message Box
14
Section 3 Debugging
This section describes the debugging operations and their related windows and dialog boxes.
3.1
Setting the Environment for Emulation
The method for setting the environment for emulation is described here. This environment must be set correctly
before debugging is started.
3.1.1
Opening the [Configuration Properties] Dialog Box
Selecting [Setup -> Emulator -> System…] or clicking the [Emulator System] toolbar button (
[Configuration Properties] dialog box.
) opens the
Figure 3.1 [Configuration Properties] Dialog Box ([General] Page)
15
[General] page
[Device]
Selects the target MCU to be emulated. See the hardware manual for
details.
[Mode]
Selects the operating mode of the target MCU.
[Clock]
Selects the speed of the input clock of the target MCU. Select one of the
followings:
Emulator Clock (x MHz): Clock signal of the emulator (x: 4, 6, 8, 10, or
12.5)
Target: Clock signal from the user system
Xtal: Crystal oscillator on the evaluation chip board
[Clock Mode]
Sets the operating clock mode of the target MCU.
[JTAG Clock]
Sets the JTAG clock frequency.
[Timer Resolution]
Selects the resolution of the timer for use in execution time measurement
and performance analysis. Select one of the following values.
Runtime measurement: 52us, 1.6us, or 20ns
Clock counter measurement: CLOCK, CLOCK/2, CLOCK/4, or CLOCK/8
[Enable interrupts during step
execution]
When this box is checked, interrupts are accepted during step execution.
[Break on access error]
When this box is checked, a break (the user program stops) occurs if
your program accesses a guarded memory area or writes to a writeprotected area.
[Enable read and write on the
fly]
Selects whether or not to enable an access to memory during user
program execution.
[Enable internal ROM area write]
When this box is checked, writing to the on-chip ROM area is enabled.
[User VCC Threshold]
Sets the voltage level for the user system. [Down] will be displayed in
[User PVcc] of the [Extended Monitor] window when the actual user Vcc
of the target system is lower than the specified value.
[User Signals]
When this box is checked, the selected signal from the user system is
enabled.
[Bus Timeout]
Select the bus timeout detection time. 100us, 1.6ms, 13ms, or 210ms can
be selected.
[Enable multi break]
When this box is checked, the multibreak function is enabled. This allows
breaking the program for several E6000H emulators at the same time by
using a trigger input and probe pins.
[Driver]
Displays the E6000H driver that is currently installed.
[Change driver in start up]
When this box is checked, selection of a driver will be available next time
the emulator is connected.
Note: The system clock (φ) is set as the input for the clock counter setting.
The debugging function in the E6000H emulator is realized by serial communication with the target MCU. The
JTAG clock is used as the input clock in this serial communication. Set the JTAG clock frequency as high as
possible to improve performance in downloading and reading memory. Note that, however, the JTAG clock
frequency must be lower than that of the peripheral modules clock (Pφ) of the target MCU.
16
3.1.2
Settings Associated with the Pin Function Controller
The [Pin Select Registers] page of the [Configuration Properties] dialog box allows setting of the pins selected
by the pin function controller (PFC). The emulator correctly sets these pins that correspond to the signals for use
in the following functions.
•
External interrupt signal conditions for hardware breaks and tracing
•
Detecting the WAIT signal for display in the emulation-state display
Select the pins that have been set as the PFC by the user program.
Figure 3.2 [Configuration] Dialog Box ([Pin Select Registers] Page)
17
[Pin Select Registers] page
Option
Description
[IRQ0]
Sets the pins (PA2, PB2, PD16, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ0 signal.
[IRQ1]
Sets the pins (PA5, PB3, PD17, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ1 signal.
[IRQ2]
Sets the pins (PA8, PB4, PD18, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ2 signal.
[IRQ3]
Sets the pins (PA9, PB5, PD19, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ3 signal.
[IRQ4]
Sets the pins (PB6, PD20, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ4 signal.
[IRQ5]
Sets the pins (PB7, PD21, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ5 signal.
[IRQ6]
Sets the pins (PB8, PD22, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ6 signal.
[IRQ7]
Sets the pins (PB9, PD23, HIGH) that correspond to the IRQ7 signal.
[BREQ]
Sets the pins (PA13, PA18, PB7, HIGH) that correspond to the BREQ signal.
[BACK]
Sets the pins (PA15, PA19, PB6, HIGH) that correspond to the BACK signal.
[WAIT]
Sets the pins (PA7, PA17, PB8, PE17, HIGH) that correspond to the WAIT signal.
Note: The initial values for all of these settings are HIGH. When signals are specified as HIGH, the emulator
displays HIGH, regardless of the state of the signals. Note that this has no effect on the pin state of the
target MCU.
18
3.1.3
Selecting the Interface to be Connected
Checking [Change driver in start up] on the [Configuration Properties] dialog box allows a selection of the driver
next time the emulator is connected.
Figure 3.3 [Driver Details] Dialog Box
[Driver]:
Selects the driver that connects the High-performance Embedded Workshop and the emulator.
[Details]:
Sets the details of the driver being connected.
[Interface]:
The name of the interface to be connected. This should not be changed in this
emulator.
[Channel]:
Channel for the selected interface. This should not be changed in this emulator.
[Configuration]: Driver setting.
[Configure…]:
A dialog box for setting will be displayed when the driver supports the configuration
dialog. Note that this item is not available with this emulator.
[Change driver in start up]:
Checking this box selects the driver when the emulator is connected the next time.
19
3.1.4
Opening the [Memory Mapping] Dialog Box
Selecting [Setup -> Emulator -> Memory Resource…] or clicking the [Emulator Memory Resource] toolbar
button ( ) opens the [Memory Mapping] dialog box.
Figure 3.4 [Memory Mapping] Dialog Box
[Add...]:
Displays the [Edit Memory Mapping] dialog box, allowing the user to modify the address
range and attributes of a memory map.
[Modify...]:
Displays the [Edit Memory Mapping] dialog box, allowing the user to modify the address
range and attributes of a memory map.
[Reset]:
Resets the map memory to its default settings.
[Close]:
Closes the dialog box.
The memory configuration of the target MCU being emulated is displayed by the [Memory] sheet in the [Status]
window.
Note: For details, refer to section 5.12, Memory Map. The content displayed in the [Memory Mapping] dialog
box differs depending on the product.
20
3.1.5
Changing the Memory Map Setting
Clicking the [Add…] button on the [Memory Mapping] dialog box or clicking the [Modify…] button after
selecting the information on the memory map setting you want to change opens the [Edit Memory Mapping]
dialog box.
Figure 3.5 [Edit Memory Mapping] Dialog Box
Use this dialog box to change the address range and attributes of a memory map.
[From]:
Enter the start address of the map range.
[To]:
Enter the end address of the map range.
[Setting]:
Enter the memory map setting.
The choices given are listed below. The User (external memory) and Emulator (emulation
memory) attributes can be modified.
•
User Read-write:
Selects an external area that is readable/writable
•
User Read-only:
Selects an external area that is write-protected
•
User Guarded:
Selects an external area that is access-prohibited
•
Emulator Read-write: Sets readable/writable emulation memory as an external area
•
Emulator Read-only: Sets write-protected emulation memory as an external area
•
Emulator Guarded:
Sets access-prohibited emulation memory as an external area
•
No-access Area:
Space that includes no memory
Emulation memory can be used as replacement of a ROM or flash memory on the user system. When the user
program accesses to an access-prohibited area or writes to a write-protected area, a break occurs due to the
illegal access. The user can set the [Configuration Properties] dialog box so that an illegal access will cause a
break. Accesses to memory with the debugging function in use, as in the [Memory] window, are available
regardless of the attribute that has been selected.
Note:
The setting cannot be changed in the single-chip mode.
21
3.2
Downloading a Program
This section describes how to download a program and view it as source code or assembly-language mnemonics.
Note: After a break has occurred, the [Editor] window displays the location of the present program counter
(PC). In most cases, for example if an Elf/Dwarf2-based project is moved from its original path, the
source file may not be automatically found. In this case, a source file browser dialog box is displayed to
allow you to manually locate the source file.
3.2.1
Downloading a Program
A load module to be debugged must be downloaded.
To download a program, select the load module from [Debug -> Download] or select [Download] from the
popup menu opened by clicking the right-hand mouse button on the load module in [Download modules] of the
[Workspace] window.
Note: Before downloading a program, it must be registered to the High-performance Embedded Workshop as a
load module.
3.2.2
Viewing the Source Code
To view a source file’s code, double-click on its icon in the file tree, or right-click on the source file and select
the [Open] option on the pop-up menu. The [Editor] window is displayed.
Figure 3.6 Editor Window
22
In this window, the following items are shown on the left as information on lines.
•
1st column (Line Number column): A line number for the source file
•
2nd column (Source Address column): Address information for the source line
•
3rd column (On Chip Break column): On-chip breaks
•
4th column (S/W Breakpoints column): PC, bookmark, and breakpoint information
The text area is displayed in the right part of the [Editor] window.
Line Number column
This column displays the line number for the source file.
Source Address column
When a program is downloaded, an address for the current source file is displayed on the Source address column.
These addresses are helpful when setting the PC value or a breakpoint.
On Chip Break column
The On Chip Break column displays the following items:
: On-chip break channel 1
: On-chip break channel 2
: On-chip break channel 3
: On-chip break channel 4
: On-chip break reset point
These are also set by using the popup menu.
S/W Breakpoints column
This column displays the following items:
: A bookmark is set.
: A PC breakpoint is set.
: PC location
23
To switch off a column in all source files
1. Click the right-hand mouse button on the [Editor] window or select the [Edit] menu.
2. Click the [Define Column Format…] menu item.
3. The [Global Editor Column States] dialog box is displayed.
4. A check box indicates whether the column is enabled or not. If it is checked, the column is enabled. If
the check box is gray, the column is enabled in some files and disabled in others. Deselect the check box
of a column you want to switch off.
5. Click the [OK] button for the new column settings to take effect.
Figure 3.7 [Global Editor Column States] Dialog Box
To switch off a column in one source file
1. Open the source file which contains the column you want to remove and click the [Edit] menu.
2. Click the [Columns] menu item to display a cascaded menu item. The columns are displayed in this
popup menu. If a column is enabled, it has a tick mark next to its name. Clicking the entry will toggle
whether the column is displayed or not.
24
3.2.3
Viewing the Assembly-Language Code
If you have a source file open, right-click to open the pop-up menu and select the [View Disassembly] option to
open a Disassembly view at the same address as the current Source view.
It is also possible to view the disassembly using the new integrated [Disassembly view] in the source file.
If you do not have a source file, but wish to view code at assembly-language level, then select one of the
following operations:
Click on the View Disassembly toolbar button (
).
Choose the [View -> Disassembly…] menu option.
Press Ctrl + D.
The [Disassembly] window opens at the current PC location.
Figure 3.8 [Disassembly] Window
In this window, the following information is shown on the left as information lines.
•
First column (On-chip break column): On-chip breaks
•
Second column (S/W Breakpoints - ASM column): PC and breakpoint information
This window is used in the same way as the source code window.
25
3.2.4
Modifying the Assembly-Language Code
You can modify the assembly-language code by double-clicking on the instruction that you want to change. The
[Assembler] dialog box will be opened.
Figure 3.9 [Assembler] Dialog Box
The address, instruction code, and mnemonic are displayed. Enter a new instruction or edit the old instruction in
the [Mnemonics] field. Pressing the [Enter] key will replace the memory content with the new instruction and
move on to the next instruction. Clicking the [OK] button will replace the memory content with the new
instruction and close the dialog box. Clicking the [Cancel] button or pressing the [Esc] key will close the dialog
box without modifying the memory contents.
Note: The assembly-language code being displayed is the current memory content. If the memory contents are
changed the [Assembler] dialog box and the [Disassembly] window will show the new assemblylanguage code, but the source file displayed in the [Editor] window will be unchanged. This is the same
even if the source file contains assembly codes.
3.2.5
Viewing a Specific Address
When you are viewing your program in the [Disassembly] window, you may wish to look at another area of your
program's code. Rather than scrolling through a lot of code in the program, you can go directly to a specific
address. Select [Set Address…] from the popup menu, and the dialog box shown in figure 3.10 is displayed.
Figure 3.10 [Set Address] Dialog Box
Enter the address in the [Address] edit box and either click on the [OK] button or press the Enter key. A label
name can also be specified as the address. When an overloaded function or a class name is entered, the [Select
Function] dialog box opens for you to select a function.
3.2.6
Viewing the Current Program Counter Address
Wherever you can enter an address or value into the High-performance Embedded Workshop, you can also enter
an expression. If you enter a register name prefixed by the hash character, the contents of that register will be
used as the value in the expression. Therefore, if you enter the expression #pc in the [Set Address] dialog box,
the [Editor] or [Disassembly] window will display the current PC address. It allows the offset of the current PC
to be displayed by entering an expression with the PC register plus an offset, e.g., #PC+0x100.
26
3.3
Viewing the Current Status
Choose [View -> CPU -> Status] or click the [View Status] toolbar button (
see the current status of the debugging platform.
) to open the [Status] window and
Figure 3.11 [Status] Window
The [Status] window has following three sheets:
• [Memory] sheet
Displays information about the current memory status including the memory mapping resources and the
areas used by the currently loaded object file.
• [Platform] sheet
Displays information about the environment for emulation, typically including CPU type and emulation
mode.
• [Events] sheet
Displays information about the current event (breakpoint) status, including resource information.
Note: The items that can be set in this window depend on the emulator in use. For details, refer to the online
help.
27
3.4
Reading and Displaying the Emulator Information Regularly
Use the [Extended Monitor] window to know the changing information on the emulator no matter the user
program is running or halted.
Note:
3.4.1
The extended monitor function does not affect the execution of the user program since it monitors the
user system or the signal output from the target MCU in the emulator by using the emulator’s hardware
circuit.
Opening the [Extended Monitor] Window
Selecting [View -> CPU -> Extended Monitor] or clicking the [Extended Monitor] toolbar button ( ) displays
this window. The interval of updating the display is approximately 1,000 ms during user program execution or
5,000 ms while breaking, respectively.
Figure 3.12 [Extended Monitor] Window
28
3.4.2
Selecting Items to be Displayed
Selecting [Properties…] from the popup menu displays the [Extended Monitor Configuration] dialog box.
Figure 3.13 [Extended Monitor Configuration] Dialog Box
This dialog box allows the user to set the items to be displayed in the [Extended Monitor] window.
Note: The items that can be set in this window depend on the emulator in use. For details, refer to the online
help.
29
3.5
Displaying Memory Contents in Realtime
Use the [Monitor] window to monitor the memory contents during user program execution. In the Monitor
function, the realtime operation is retained since the bus monitoring circuit of the emulator sets the read/write
signal of the MCU as a trigger and holds the address bus and data bus values to update the displayed contents of
the memory.
Up to eight points or 256 bytes in total can be set by using the eight monitoring channels on the bus monitoring
circuit. It is possible that a part or all of monitoring ranges is overlapped.
Notes: 1. Monitoring is impossible for an area, such as an on-chip timer counter, where no internal write signal
is generated to update a value.
2. The procedure to display or modify the contents of memory differs depending on the product. If the
display of memory contents is updated during execution of the user program, realtime emulation may
not be available. For details, refer to section 5.3, Displaying and Modifying the Contents of Memory.
3.5.1
Opening the [Monitor] Window
To open the [Monitor] window, select [View -> CPU -> Monitor -> Monitor Setting...] or click the [Monitor]
toolbar button ( ) to display the [Monitor Settings] dialog box.
Figure 3.14 [Monitor Setting] Dialog Box
30
[Name]:
Decides the name of the monitor window.
[Options]:
Sets monitor conditions.
[Address]:
Sets the start address for monitoring.
[Size]:
Sets the range for monitoring.
[Access]:
Sets the access size to be displayed in the monitor window.
[Auto-Refresh at rate]:
Sets the interval for acquisition by monitoring (500 ms at minimum).
[Reading the Initial Value]:
Selects reading of the values in the monitored area when the monitor
window is opened.
[Color]:
Sets the method to update monitoring and the attribute of colors.
[Change Indicator]:
Selects how to display the values that have changed during monitoring
(available when [Reading the Initial Value] has been selected).
No change: No color change.
Change: Color is changed according to the [Foreground] and [Background]
options.
Gray: Those data with values that have not been changed are displayed in
gray.
Appear: A value is only displayed after changed.
[Foreground]:
Sets the color used for display (available when [Change] has been selected).
[Background]:
Sets the background color (available when [Change] has been selected).
[Mayfly]:
A check in this box selects restoration of the color of those data which have
not been updated in a specified interval to the color selected in the
[Background] option. The specified interval is the interval for monitor
acquisition (available when [Change], [Gray], or [Appear] has been selected).
[Detail]:
Sets the items specific to the emulator.
[History]:
Displays the previous settings.
Notes: 1. In this emulator, odd addressees cannot be specified as the start addresses for monitoring.
2. Selection of the foreground or background color may not be available depending on the operating
system in use.
After setting, clicking the [OK] button displays the [Monitor] window.
31
Figure 3.15 [Monitor] Window
During user program execution, the display is updated according to the setting value of the auto-update interval.
Note: Select [Refresh] from the popup menu when data is not displayed correctly after changing the address or
content of memory.
3.5.2
Changing the Monitor Settings
Selecting [Monitor Setting…] from the popup menu of the [Monitor] window displays the [Monitor Setting]
dialog box, which allows the settings to be changed.
Colors, the size of accesses, and the display format can be easily changed from [Color] or [Access] of the popup
menu.
3.5.3
Temporarily Stopping Update of the Monitor
During user program execution, the display of the [Monitor] window is automatically updated according to the
auto-update interval. Select [Lock Refresh] from the popup menu of the [Monitor] window to stop the update of
display. The characters in the address section are displayed in black, and the update of display is stopped.
Selecting [Lock Refresh] again from the popup menu cancels the stopped state.
3.5.4
Deleting the Monitor Settings
Selecting [Close] from the popup menu of the [Monitor] window to be deleted closes the [Monitor] window and
deletes the monitor settings.
3.5.5
Monitoring Variables
Using the [Watch] window refers to the value of any variables.
When the address of the variable registered in the [Watch] window exists within the monitoring range that has
been set by the Monitor function, the value of the variable can be updated and displayed.
This function allows checking the content of a variable without affecting the realtime operation.
32
3.5.6
Hiding the [Monitor] Window
When using the Monitor function to monitor the value of a variable from the [Watch] window, hide the
[Monitor] window for the effective use of the screen.
The current monitoring information is listed as the submenu when selecting [Display -> CPU -> Monitor]. The
list consists of the [Monitor] window name and the address to start monitoring.
When the left of the list is checked, the [Monitor] window is being displayed.
Selecting items of the [Monitor] window you want to hide from the monitor setting list displays no [Monitor]
window and removes the check mark at the left of the list.
To display the [Monitor] window again, select the hidden the [Monitor] window.
Figure 3.16 Monitor Setting List
33
3.5.7
Managing the [Monitor] Window
Selecting [Display -> CPU -> Monitor -> Windows Select…] displays the [Windows Select] dialog box. In this
window, the current monitoring condition is checked and the new monitoring condition is added, edited, and
deleted in succession.
Selecting multiple monitoring conditions enables a temporary stop of update, hiding, and deletion.
Figure 3.17 [Windows Select] Dialog Box
[Add]:
Adds a new monitoring condition.
[Edit]:
Changes the settings of the selected [Monitor] window (disabled when selecting multiple
items).
[Lock Refresh/Unlock Refresh]:
Automatically updates or stops updating the display of the selected [Monitor] window.
[Hide/UnHide]: Displays or hides the selected [Monitor] window.
[Remove]:
Removes the selected monitoring conditions.
[Close]:
Closes this dialog box.
34
3.6
Looking at Variables
This section describes how you can look at variables in the source program.
3.6.1
[Watch] Window
You can view any value in the [Watch] window.
Figure 3.18 [Watch] Window
The [R] mark shows that the value of the variable can be updated during user program execution.
It is possible to recognize the method for updating the value during user program execution according to the
color of the [R] mark.
Blue-outline [R]:
The address of the variable is within the range that has been set for the monitoring function
and the data is readable by using the monitoring function.
Blue [R]:
An updated value of the data at this location has been read by the monitoring function.
Black-outline [R]:
The address of the variable is outside the range that has been set for the monitoring function
and the data is not readable by using the monitoring function.
Black [R]:
A value has been updated by reading the normal data.
35
Notes: 1. This function can be set per variable or per element or body for structures of data.
36
2.
The color of an [R] in the [Name] column changes according to the monitoring settings.
3.
A variable that is allocated to a register cannot be selected for monitoring.
4.
The procedure to display or modify the contents of memory differs depending on the product. If the
display of memory contents is updated during execution of the user program, realtime emulation
may not be available. For details, refer to section 5.3, Displaying and Modifying the Contents of
Memory.
3.7
Using the Event Points
The emulator has the event point function to support breakpoints of the following three types.
Software breakpoints: Execution of the user program stops when the instruction at the specified address is
fetched. Up to 255 software breakpoints can be set. Any content at the specified address is replaced by a break
instruction (a dedicated instruction for use with the emulator). The software breakpoint cannot be set in the
write-protected area such as ROM area or flash memory area on the user system. The user can set a software
breakpoint in the [Editor] or [Disassembly] window.
On-chip breakpoints: These break functions built in the MCU. Conditions on the address bus, data bus,
bus/area, and satisfaction count can be set. The on-chip breakpoint can be set even in the ROM area or flash
memory area on the user system. It is also possible to set a sequential breakpoint consisted of several on-chip
breakpoints. The user can set an on-chip breakpoint in the [Editor] or [Disassembly] window.
On-emulator breakpoints: On-emulator break functions are implemented by dedicated hardware in the
E6000H station. Conditions on the address bus, data bus, bus/area, external probe signals, external interrupt
signals, and satisfaction count can be set. As the emulator hardware provides this function, several cycles may be
required until a break occurs after satisfaction of a condition.
Software, on-chip, and on-emulator breakpoints can be set in the [Event] window.
Select [View -> Code -> Eventpoints] or click the [Eventpoints] toolbar button (
) to open the [Event] window.
Figure 3.19 [Event] Window
The [Event] window has the following three sheets:
[Software] sheet:
Displays the settings made for software breakpoints. It is also possible to set, modify,
and cancel software breakpoints.
[On Chip] sheet:
Displays or sets on-chip breakpoints.
[On Emulator] sheet:
Displays or sets on-emulator breakpoints.
Note: For notes on event points, refer o section 5.5, Event Functions.
37
3.7.1
Setting a Software Breakpoint
Use the [Software] sheet on the [Event] window to display, change, or add settings for software breakpoints.
Select [Add...] or [Edit…] from the popup menu displayed on the [Software] sheet. The [Breakpoint Properties]
dialog box (the [Software Break] page) will appear.
Figure 3.20 [Breakpoint Properties] Dialog Box ([Software Break] Page)
38
To add a new software breakpoint, select an empty line from the list box on the [Software Break] page and click
the [Edit…] button. To change existing settings, select the software breakpoint that you want to change from the
list box and click the [Edit…] button. The [Software Break] dialog box is displayed.
Figure 3.21 [Software] Dialog Box ([Address] Page)
Specify the breakpoint’s address in the [Address] edit box and click the [OK] button.
39
3.7.2
Setting an On-Chip Breakpoint
Use the [On Chip] sheet on the [Event] window to display, change, or add settings for on-chip breakpoints.
Select [Add...] or [Edit…] from the popup menu displayed on the [On Chip] sheet. The [Breakpoint Properties]
dialog box (the [On Chip Break] page) will appear.
Figure 3.22 [Breakpoint Properties] Dialog Box ([On Chip Break] Page)
[Sequential Break]:
Use this item to specify a sequential break consisted of on-chip breakpoints. A
sequential break allows breaking the program when the conditions of several channels
are satisfied sequentially. Two to four points can be selected for this function. The
conditions are satisfied from 1 to 4, in order. Check a box to use the sequential break
function (select 3 to use two points, 2 to use three points, and 1 to use four points).
[Address Range Break]:
Selecting a combination of channels specifies the break range. Select either of the
followings:
4-3: Channels 4 and 3 are used to specify the break range.
2-1: Channels 2 and 1 are used to specify the break range.
[Run time count between trigger outputs]:
Measures the time between two points by using channels 3 and 4. After channel 3 has
been satisfied, the time is measured when channel 4 is satisfied. The result is
displayed in [RunTime Count] on the [Platform] sheet of the [Status] window.
40
[Back]:
Puts the setting back to the previous state at the time the dialog box has been
displayed.
List box:
Displays the current settings for each of the channels. R shown as the channel number
indicates that a reset point is set for a sequential break. If no setting has been made for
a channel, only the channel number is displayed here. When a channel is used for the
sequential break function, S is displayed next to the channel number.
[Edit…]:
Clicking this button opens the [On Chip Break Channel n] dialog box (n: channel
number), which allows the user to set a break condition for a selected channel.
[Reset]:
Clears the settings made for the selected channel.
[Reset All]:
Clears the settings made for all of the channels.
The user can set more complex break conditions in the [On Chip Break Channel n] dialog box by a combination
of conditions provided on pages [Address], [Data], [Bus/Area], [Count], and [Action].
Figure 3.23 [On Chip Break Channel n] Dialog Box
41
[Address]:
Sets address bus conditions.
[Don’t Care]:
Selects no address bus condition.
[Address]:
Sets an address bus value. It is also possible to specify a label as the address value.
[Use mask]:
Sets mask conditions. Set the mask bits if [Use mask] is selected. Masked bits satisfy
this break condition regardless of their values.
[Data]: Sets data bus conditions.
[Don’t Care]:
Selects no data bus condition.
[Value]:
Sets a data bus value.
[Use mask]:
Sets mask conditions. Set the mask bits if [Use mask] is selected. Masked bits satisfy
this break condition regardless of their values.
[Access Size]:
Selects the data-access size.
[Bus/Area]:
Sets access type, bus status, and read/write cycle conditions.
[Access type]:
Sets access type conditions.
[Bus State]:
Sets bus status conditions. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, no bus status
condition can be set.
[Read/Write]:
Sets read/write conditions. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, no read/write
condition can be set.
[Count]:
Sets a satisfaction count of the condition. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, the
satisfaction count is defined as 1.
[Action]
[Break]:
Halts execution when the selected condition has been satisfied.
[After execution]:
Halts execution after the address at which the condition has been
satisfied.
[Before execution]:
Halts execution before the address at which the condition is
satisfied.
[Output Trigger]: Outputs a trigger when the selected condition has been satisfied.
42
3.7.3
Settings an On-Emulator Breakpoint
Use the [On Emulator] sheet on the [Event] window to display, change, or add settings for on-emulator
breakpoints.
Select [Add...] or [Edit…] from the popup menu displayed on the [On Chip] sheet. The [Breakpoint Properties]
dialog box (the [On Emulator Break] page) will appear.
Figure 3.24 [Breakpoint Properties] Dialog Box ([On Emulator Break] Page)
List box:
Displays the current settings for each of the channels. If no setting has been made for
a channel, only the channel number is displayed here.
[Edit…]:
Clicking this button opens the [On Emulator Break Channel n] dialog box (n: channel
number), which allows the user to set a break condition for a selected channel.
[Reset]:
Clears the settings made for the selected channel.
[Reset All]:
Clears the settings made for all of the channels.
43
The user can set more complex break conditions in the [On Emulator Break Channel n] dialog box by a
combination of conditions provided on pages [Address], [Data], [Bus/Area], [Probe], [Interrupt], and [Count].
Figure 3.25 [On Emulator Break Channel n] Dialog Box
44
[Address]:
Sets address conditions. It is also possible to specify a label as the address value.
[Don’t Care]:
Selects no address bus condition.
[Address]:
Select this button to set the address bus value specified in [Start] as the break
condition.
[Range]:
A break occurs in the range of the address bus values specified from [Start]
(start address) to [End] (end address).
[Outside Range]:
Select this option to generate a break with an address bus outside the range
set in [Range].
[…]:
The address range of a function can be set by [Start] and [End]. For details,
refer to section 5.10, Input Format.
[Data]: Sets data conditions.
[Don’t Care]:
Selects no data bus condition.
[Value]:
Sets a data bus value.
[Use mask]:
Sets mask conditions. Set the mask bits if [Use mask] is selected. Masked
bits satisfy this break condition regardless of their values.
[Except this value]:
Sets a value other than that has been specified as the data bus condition.
[Access Size]:
Selects the data-access size.
[Position]:
Sets a data bus value as a number. The position of the valid data bus is
specified.
[Bus/Area]:
[Long]:
None
[Word]:
4n: Upper word
4n + 2: Lower word
[Byte]:
4n: Upper byte of the upper word
4n + 1: Lower byte of the upper word
4n + 2: Upper byte of the lower word
4n + 3: Lower byte of the lower word
Sets access type, bus status, and read/write cycle conditions.
[Access type]:
Sets access type conditions. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, no access
type condition can be set.
[Bus State]:
Sets bus status conditions. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, no bus
status condition can be set.
[Area]:
Sets area conditions. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, no area condition
can be set.
[On chip ROM]: Selects the on-chip ROM area as the condition.
[On chip RAM]: Selects the on-chip RAM area as the condition.
[On chip I/O]:
Selects the on-chip I/O area as the condition.
45
[External]:
Selects an external area where no emulation memory is allocated as
the condition.
[Emulator]:
Selects an external area where emulation memory is allocated as the
condition.
[Read/Write]:
Sets read/write conditions. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, no
read/write condition can be set.
[Probe]:
Sets the levels (high or low) of the external probe signals (PRB1 to PRB4) as the condition.
When [Don’t Care] has been selected, the level of the selected probe signal cannot be set as the
condition.
[Interrupt]:
Sets the levels (high or low) of the IRQ and NMI signals as the condition. When [Don’t Care]
has been selected, the level of the IRQ or NMI signal cannot be set as the condition.
[Count]:
Sets a satisfaction count condition. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, the satisfaction count
is defined as 1.
3.7.4
Editing Event Points
Handlings for settings other than software breakpoints, on-chip breakpoints, and on-emulator breakpoints are
common.
3.7.5
Modifying Event Points
Select an event point to be modified, and choose [Edit...] from the popup menu to open the dialog box that
corresponds the event, which allows the user to modify the event conditions. The [Edit...] menu is only available
when one event point is selected.
3.7.6
Enabling an Event Point
Select an event point and choose [Enable] from the popup menu to enable the selected event point.
3.7.7
Disabling an Event Point
Select an event point and choose [Disable] from the popup menu to disable the selected event point. When an
event point is disabled, the event point will remain in the list, but an event will not occur when the specified
conditions have been satisfied.
3.7.8
Deleting an Event Point
Select an event point and choose [Delete] from the popup menu to remove the selected event point. To retain the
event point but not have it cause an event when its conditions are met, use the [Disable] option (see section
3.15.7, Disabling an Event Point).
46
3.7.9
Deleting All Event Points
Choose [Delete All] from the popup menu to remove all event points.
3.7.10
Viewing the Source Line for an Event Point
Select an event point and choose [Go to Source] from the popup menu to open the [Editor] or [Disassembly]
window at the address of the event point. The [Go to Source] menu is only available when one event point that
has the corresponding source file is selected.
47
3.8
Viewing the Trace Information
The emulator acquires the results of each instruction execution into the trace buffer as trace information and
displays it in the [Trace] window. The conditions for the trace information acquisition can be specified in the
[Trace Acquisition] dialog box.
Since trace information in bus-cycles is acquired by the hardware circuit and stored in the trace buffer, the
realtime operation is retained. The [Trace] window displays the content of the trace buffer, which records up to
128-k bus cycles from the last program run and is always updated.
Note: For notes on the trace functions, refer to section 5.6, Trace Functions.
3.8.1
Opening the [Trace] Window
To open the [Trace] window, choose [View -> Code -> Trace] or click the [Trace] toolbar button (
3.8.2
).
Acquiring Trace Information
When the emulator does not set the acquisition condition of the trace information, all bus cycles are acquired by
default without any condition (free trace mode).
In the free trace mode, trace acquisition is started with the execution of the user program and stopped by halting
the user program. The acquired trace information is displayed in the [Trace] window.
Figure 3.26 [Trace] Window
This window displays the following trace information items:
[PTR]:
Cycle number in the trace buffer. When the most recent record is record 0, earlier
record numbers go backwards (-1, -2, ...). If a delay count has been set, the cycle
number where the trace stop condition has been satisfied is record 0. For the cycle
(during delay) executed until the trace has stopped, earlier record numbers go forward
(+1, +2, ...) the most recent record.
[Address]:
Address bus value (8-digit hexadecimal)
[Code0]:
Upper 16 bits of the executed instruction code
[Code1]:
Lower 16 bits of the executed instruction code
[Data]:
Data in byte, word, or longword units, displayed as 2-digit, 4-digit, or 8-digit
hexadecimal
48
[R/W]:
Whether an access was read (RD) or write (WR)
[SZ]:
Selects the size of an access as B (byte), W (word), or L (longword).
[Status]:
Bus state; DMA (internal DMAC/DTC execution cycle), AUD (AUD cycle), BRL
(user bus release), DAT (CPU data access cycle except for PC-relative data access),
IF (CPU instruction fetch cycle including PC-relative data access), or OTH (other
cases).
[Area]:
Types of access areas; U32, U16, and U08 (32-, 16-, and 8-bit external memory area,
respectively), E32, E16, and E08 (32-, 16-, and 8-bit emulation memory area,
respectively), ROM, I/O, and RAM (on-chip ROM, on-chip I/O, and on-chip RAM,
respectively).
[Probes]:
A 4-bit binary number showing the four probe pins in the order of Probe 4, Probe 3,
Probe 2, and Probe 1 from the left.
[NMI]:
Status of NMI input signal
[IRQ]:
Status of IRQ input signals
[Timestamp]:
Time stamp of the record. Time stamps start from zero each time the user program is
executed. The minimum unit used in time measurement depends on the time stamp
clock rate selected in the [Trace Acquisition] dialog box.
[Source]:
Source program of the executed instruction address
[Label]:
Label information of the address (if defined)
[Timestamp-Difference]: Difference from the timestamp value shown on the previous line
It is possible to hide any column not necessary in the [Trace] window. Selecting a column you want to hide from
the popup menu displayed by clicking the right-hand mouse button on the header column hides that column. To
display the hidden column, select the column from the said popup menu again.
49
3.8.3
Specifying Trace Acquisition Conditions
The capacity of the trace buffer is limited. When the buffer becomes full, the oldest trace information is
overwritten. Setting the trace acquisition condition allows acquisition of useful trace information and effective
use of the trace buffer.
There are the following types of trace acquisition conditions.
Free trace: Acquires trace information continuously from the start of the user program execution to the
occurrence of a break (only when no trace acquisition condition is set).
Sequential trace stop: Specifies the order of trace acquisition conditions to be satisfied and stops trace
acquisition when all of the conditions are satisfied. It is possible to set up to seven pass points and one reset point.
No break will occur even when the trace acquisition stops.
Trace stop due to trace buffer overflow: Stops trace acquisition when the trace buffer in the emulator station
overflows. No break will occur even when the trace acquisition stops.
Trace stop: Stops trace acquisition when the specified conditions are satisfied. In this mode, trace acquisition
stops without stopping the user program execution. Up to 12 points can be set independently as trace stop
conditions. No break will occur even when the trace acquisition stops.
Address range trace: Acquires trace information of instructions or operands accessed in the range (subroutine)
between the start and end addresses. Note that, however, when the selected subroutine calls another subroutine,
no trace information will be acquired from the called subroutine. Up to 12 points can be set independently as the
address ranges.
Conditional trace: Only acquires trace information from the points where the specified conditions are satisfied.
Up to 12 points can be set independently as the conditions.
Address range conditional trace: Accesses instructions or operands in the range (subroutine) between the start
and end addresses and only acquires trace information in the bus cycles that satisfy the conditions. This mode is
a combination of address range trace and conditional trace. Up to six points can be set independently as the
address ranges with conditions.
Point to Point trace: Acquires trace information from the satisfaction of the address condition set as a start
condition to that of the address condition set as an end condition.
Execution time measurement: Measures execution time between two points by using the trace acquisition
conditions.
Trigger output: Outputs a pulse from trigger pins when the specified conditions are satisfied.
The trace acquisition condition is set in the [Trace Acquisition] dialog box that is displayed by selecting
[Acquisition…] from the popup menu.
The [Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box has the pages [Condition] and [Other].
50
(1) [Condition] page
Figure 3.27 [Trace Acquisition Properties] Dialog Box ([Condition] Page)
[Sequential Trace Stop]:
Use this option to set a sequential trace stop by using channels 1 to 7. The sequential
trace stop function allows trace acquisition to stop when the conditions of several
channels are satisfied in the specified order. Two to seven pass points and one reset
point are selectable as sequential trace stop conditions. The conditions are satisfied in
the order of 1 to 7. To use a sequential trace stop, select the checkbox of the channel.
To set a reset condition, select the [Reset Point] checkbox. Channel 8 is used for a
reset condition. When a reset condition is satisfied, all the sequential trace stop
conditions that have been satisfied will be cleared and the emulator starts checking
the first condition again. When a sequential trace stop is enabled, no setting is
available for the channels (out of 1 to 7) that are not used for the sequential trace stop
function.
[Run time count between trigger outputs]:
Selects channels for use in execution time measurement. Clicking [Use] allows
measurement of time in tracing. There are four types of channel combinations
consisted of those for the start and the end of measurement: 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, and 7-8.
[Free trace]:
Selects the free trace mode. When [Free trace] is enabled, any trace acquisition
condition set will be ignored.
[Back]:
Puts the setting back to the previous state at the time the dialog box has been
displayed.
51
List box:
Displays the current settings for each of the channels. If no setting has been made for
a channel, only the channel number is displayed here. When a channel is used for the
sequential trace stop function, S is displayed next to the channel number. When a
reset condition for a sequential trace stop is enabled, R is displayed next to channel 8.
PtoP is for use in the Point to Point trace. UNUSED is displayed next to the channel
number if that channel is not available.
[Edit…]:
Clicking this button opens the [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel n] dialog box (n:
channel number or PtoP), which allows the user to set a break condition for a selected
channel.
[Reset]:
Clears the settings made for the selected channel.
[Reset All]:
Clears the settings made for all of the channels.
52
(2) [Other] page
Figure 3.28 [Trace Acquisition] Dialog Box ([Other] Page)
[When trace-buffer full]: Selects an action to take when the trace buffer becomes full.
[No action]:
Overwrites the oldest information in the trace buffer.
[Stop trace]:
Stops trace acquisition without stopping the user program execution.
[Stop execution and trace]: Stops the user program execution.
[Time measurement unit]: Selects the minimum time unit for the time stamping of the bus trace information.
[52us]:
Time stamping is in minimum time units of 52 μs.
[1.6us]:
Time stamping is in minimum time units of 1.6 μs.
[20ns]:
Time stamping is in minimum time units of 20 ns.
[Clock]:
Time stamping is in terms of the number of bus-clock cycles, i.e., is
synchronized with the cycles of the system clock signal (φ).
[Clock/2]:
Time stamping is in terms of the number of bus-clock cycles, i.e., is
synchronized with 1/2 cycle of the system clock signal (φ).
[Clock/4]:
Time stamping is in terms of the number of bus-clock cycles, i.e., is
synchronized with 1/4 cycle of the system clock signal (φ).
53
[Clock/8]:
Time stamping is in terms of the number of bus-clock cycles, i.e., is
synchronized with 1/8 cycle of the system clock signal (φ).
[Selection of the trace contents]:
Selects whether or not to display time stamps, IRQs, or executed instructions.
[Time stamp]:
Displays IRQs if the level of any of IRQ7-0 is low. This allows any 32-bit
time stamp information to be displayed.
[IRQ7-0 all indications]: Displays the status of IRQ7-0 in bit units. Lower 16 bits of time stamps are
fixed to 0.
[Suppress]:
54
Acquires no DMAC/DTC cycles or AUD cycles.
(3) [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel n] dialog box
Use this dialog box to set pass points and a reset point for a sequential trace stop, and conditions in the address
range trace, address range conditional trace, conditional trace, Point to Point trace, execution time measurement,
and a trigger output.
Figure 3.29 [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel n] Dialog Box
The [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel n] dialog box has pages [Action], [Address], [Data], [Bus/Area],
[Probe], [Interrupt], [Count], and [Delay]. The user can make more complex settings by a combination of
conditions provided on these pages.
[Action]
[After Condition Match]: Selects an action to take when a condition is satisfied.
[Trace Stop]:
Selects a trace stop.
[Address Range Trace]:
Selects an address range trace. Selecting this option and checking
[Combination with the next channel] allows an address range
conditional trace.
[Acquisition Condition]: Selects a conditional trace.
[None]:
[Address]:
Select this option if you do not want to take any of the actions listed
above. This is useful for a trigger output or execution time
measurement.
Sets the start and end addresses of the range in the address range trace,
address range conditional trace, or Point to Point trace.
55
[Start]:
Set the start address.
[End]:
Set the end address.
[f()…]:
The address range of a function can be set by [Start] and [End].
[Output Trigger]:
Outputs a trigger after the satisfaction of a trace condition.
[Address]:
Sets address conditions.
[Data]:
Sets data conditions.
[Bus/Area]:
Sets access type, bus status, and read/write cycle conditions.
[Probe]:
Sets the levels (high or low) of the external probe signals (PRB1 to PRB4) as the condition.
[Interrupt]:
Sets the levels (high or low) of the IRQ and NMI signals as the condition.
[Count]:
Sets a satisfaction count condition.
[Delay]:
Sets the number of bus cycles delayed after the satisfaction of a trace condition. This function
allows you to check the trace information before/after any of the specified conditions are
satisfied. When [Don’t Care] has been selected, there is no delay.
Notes: 1. The settings to be made on pages [Address], [Data], [Bus/Area], [Probe], [Interrupt], and [Count] are
the same as those for on-emulator break conditions. For details on the on-emulator break conditions,
refer to section 3.7, Using the Event Points.
56
2.
Set the range in the address range trace so that value of the end address will be larger than that of the
start address.
3.
Two channels are used in the address range conditional trace. To perform the address range
conditional trace, select an odd-numbered channel (2n + 1) for the address range trace and an evennumbered channel (2n) for the conditional trace, respectively, and then check [Combination with the
next channel].
3.8.4
Searching for a Trace Record
Use the [Trace Find] dialog box to search for a trace record. To open this dialog box, choose [Find...] from the
popup menu.
Figure 3.30 [Trace Find] Dialog Box
The [Trace Find] dialog box has the following options:
[General]:
[Not designation]:
Searches for information that does not match the conditions set in other
pages when this box is checked.
[Upward search]:
Searches upwards when this box is checked.
[Start PTR]:
Enters a PTR value to start a search.
[End PTR]:
Enters a PTR value to end a search.
[Address]:
Sets an address condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no address when this box is checked.
[Value]:
Enter the address value (not available when [Don’t care] has been checked).
[Data]:
[R/W]:
Sets the range for searching.
Sets a data condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no data when this box is checked.
[Value]:
Enter the data value (not available when [Don’t care] has been checked).
Selects the type of access cycles.
[Don't care]:
Detects no read/write condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified read/write condition.
RD: Read cycle
WR: Write cycle
57
[Status]:
Selects the status of a bus as the condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no bus condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified bus condition.
[Area]:
Selects the area being accessed.
[Don't care]:
Detects no area condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified area condition.
[Probes]:
Sets a probe signal condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no probe signal condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified probe signal condition.
Don't care: Detects no selected probe signal condition.
High: The status of the probe signal is high.
Low: The status of the probe signal is low.
[IRQ]:
Sets an IRQ signal condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no IRQ signal condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified IRQ signal condition.
Don't care: Detects no selected IRQ signal condition.
High: The status of the IRQ signal is high.
Low: The status of the IRQ signal is low.
[Timestamp]:
Sets the time stamp condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no time stamp value when this box is checked.
[Value]:
Enter the time stamp value.
The format is as follows:
hour: h, minute: min, second: s, millisecond: ms, microsecond: us, nanosecond: ns
Clicking the [OK] button after setting conditions in those pages stores the settings and starts searching. Clicking
the [Cancel] button closes this dialog box without setting of conditions.
When a trace record that matches the search conditions is found, the line for the trace record will be highlighted.
When no matching trace record is found, a message dialog box will appear.
Only the trace information that satisfies all the conditions set in above pages will be searched.
If a find operation is successful, selecting [Find Next] from the popup menu will move to the next found item.
3.8.5
Clearing the Trace Information
Select [Clear] from the popup menu to empty the trace buffer that stores the trace information. If several [Trace]
windows are open, all [Trace] windows will be cleared as they all access the same buffer.
58
3.8.6
Saving the Trace Information in a File
Select [Save...] from the popup menu to open the [Save As] file dialog box, which allows the user to save the
information displayed in the [Trace] window as a text file. A range can be specified based on the [PTR] number
(saving the complete buffer may take several minutes). Note that this file cannot be reloaded into the [Trace]
window.
Note: In filtering of trace information, the range to be saved cannot be selected. All the trace information
displayed in the [Trace] window after filtering will be saved. Select a filtering range on the [General]
page in the [Trace Filter] dialog box if you want to save the selected range. For details on the filtering
function, refer to section 3.8.11, Extracting Records from the Acquired Information.
3.8.7
Viewing the [Editor] Window
The [Editor] window corresponding to the selected trace record can be displayed in the following two ways:
• Select a trace record and choose [View Source] from the popup menu.
• Double-click a trace record
The [Editor] or [Disassembly] window opens and the selected line is marked with a cursor.
3.8.8
Trimming the Source
Choose [Trim Source] from the popup menu to remove the white space from the left side of the source.
When the white space is removed, a check mark is shown to the left of the [Trim Source] menu. To restore the
white space, choose [Trim Source] while the check mark is shown.
3.8.9
Temporarily Stopping Trace Acquisition
To temporarily stop trace acquisition during execution of the user program, select [Halt] from the popup menu.
This stops trace acquisition and updates the trace display. Use this method to check the trace information without
stopping execution of the user program.
3.8.10
Restarting Trace Acquisition
To restart trace acquisition being stopped during execution of the user program, select [Restart] from the popup
menu.
59
3.8.11
Extracting Records from the Acquired Information
Use the filtering function to extract the records you need from the acquired trace information. The filtering
function allows the trace information acquired by hardware to be filtered by software. Unlike the settings made
in the [Trace Acquisition] dialog box for acquiring trace information by conditions, changing the settings for
filtering several times to filter the acquired trace information allows easy extraction of necessary information,
which is useful for analysis of data. The content of the trace buffer will not be changed even when the filtering
function is used. Acquiring useful information as much as possible by the [Trace Acquisition] settings improves
the efficiency in analysis of data because the capacity of the trace buffer is limited.
Use the filtering function in the [Trace Filter] dialog box to select a range for filtering.
Figure 3.31 [Trace Filter] Dialog Box ([General] Page)
To open the [Trace Filter] dialog box, select [Filter…] from the popup menu.
The [Trace Filter] dialog box has the following pages:
[General]:
Sets the range for filtering.
[Don't care other pages]: Only selects the cycle number when this box is checked. Other options
become invalid.
[Enable Filter]:
Enables the filter when this box is checked.
[Not designation]:
Filters information that does not match the conditions set in those pages
when this box is checked.
[Trace display range]:
Sets the range for filtering.
[Address]:
60
[Start PTR]:
Enters a PTR value to start filtering.
[End PTR]:
Enters a PTR value to end filtering.
Sets address conditions.
[Don't care]:
Detects no address when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified address.
[Data]:
Specifies a single address.
[Range]:
Specifies an address range.
[From]:
Enter a single address value or the start value of the address range.
[To]:
Enter the end value of the address range.
Sets data conditions.
[Don't care]:
Detects no data when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified data.
[R/W]:
[Point]:
Specifies single data.
[Range]:
Specifies a data range.
[From]:
Enter a single value or the minimum value of the data range.
[To]:
Enter the maximum value of the data range.
Selects the type of access cycles.
[Don't care]:
Detects no read/write condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified read/write condition.
[Status]:
[RD]:
Detects read cycles when this box is checked.
[WR]:
Detects write cycles when this box is checked.
Selects the status of a bus as the condition (multiple conditions can be selected here).
[Don't care]:
Detects no bus condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified bus condition.
[Area]:
Selects the area being accessed.
[Don't care]:
Detects no area condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified area condition (not available when [Don’t care] has
been checked).
[Probes]:
[IRQ]:
[Point]:
Sets a probe signal condition (multiple conditions can be selected here).
[Don't care]:
Detects no probe signal condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified probe signal condition.
Don't care: Detects no selected probe signal condition.
High: The status of the probe signal is high.
Low: The status of the probe signal is low.
Sets an IRQ signal condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no IRQ signal condition when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified IRQ signal condition.
Don't care: Detects no selected IRQ signal condition.
61
High: The status of the IRQ signal is high.
Low: The status of the IRQ signal is low.
[Timestamp]:
Sets the time stamp condition.
[Don't care]:
Detects no time stamp value when this box is checked.
[Setting]:
Detects the specified time stamp value.
[Point]:
Specifies a single time stamp.
[Range]:
Specifies a time stamp range.
[From]:
Enter a single time stamp value or the minimum value of the time stamp
range.
The format is as follows:
hour: h, minute: min, second: s, millisecond: ms, microsecond: us,
nanosecond: ns
[To]:
Enter the maximum value of the time stamp range.
The format is the same as that in [From].
Set filtering conditions and then press the [OK] button. This starts filtering according to the conditions. Clicking
the [Cancel] button closes the [Trace Filter] dialog box, which holds the settings at the time when the dialog box
was opened.
In filtering, only the trace information that satisfies one or more filtering conditions set in the above pages will
be displayed in the [Trace] window.
Filtering conditions can be changed several times to analyze data because the content of the trace buffer is not
changed by filtering.
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3.8.12
Calculating the Difference in Time Stamping
Select [Timestamp Difference…] from the popup menu to calculate the time difference between the two points
selected by the result of tracing in acquisition of time stamp information.
Figure 3.32 [Timestamp Difference] Dialog Box
[Select 2 line]:
Select trace records to calculate the time stamp difference.
[First PTR]:
Specifies the first pointer to measure the difference. The pointer of the line
selected on the [Trace] window is displayed by default.
[Second PTR]:
Specifies the second pointer to measure the difference.
[Timestamp Difference]: Displays the results of calculation.
[Get Difference]:
Calculates the difference between the specified two points and display its result in the
[Timestamp Difference] list.
[Clear]:
Clears all the results in the [Timestamp Difference] list.
[OK]:
Closes the dialog box. All the results in the [Timestamp Difference] list are cleared.
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3.8.13
Analyzing Statistical Information
Choose [Statistic] from the popup menu to open the [Statistic] dialog box and analyze statistical information
under the specified conditions.
Figure 3.33 [Statistic] Dialog Box
[Statistic Analysis]:
64
Setting required for analysis of statistical information.
[Default]:
Sets a single input value or character string.
[Range]:
Sets the input value or character string as a range.
[Item]:
Sets the item for analysis.
[Start]:
Sets the input value or character string. To set a range, the start value must be
specified here.
[End]:
Specify the end value if a range has been set (only available when [Range] has been
selected).
[Set]:
Adds a new condition to the current one.
[New]:
Creates a new condition.
[Result]:
Obtains the result of statistical information analysis.
[Clear]:
Clears all conditions and results of statistical information analysis.
[Close]:
Closes this dialog box. All the results displayed in the [Result] list will be cleared.
This dialog box allows the user to analyze statistical information concerning the trace information. Set the target
of analysis in [Item] and the input value or character string by [Start] and [End]. Click the [Result] button after
setting a condition by pressing the [New] or [Add] button to analyze the statistical information and display its
result in the [Result] list.
Note: In this emulator, only [PTR] can be set as a range. Each of other items must be specified as a character
string. In analysis of statistical information, character strings are compared with those displayed in the
[Trace] window. Only those that completely match are counted. Note, however, that this test is not case
sensitive. The number of blanks will not be cared either.
3.8.14
Extracting Function Calls from the Acquired Trace Information
To extract function calls from the acquired trace information, select [Function Call…] from the popup menu.
The [Function Call Display] dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 3.34 [Function Call Display] Dialog Box
[Setting]:
Selects whether or not to extract function calls.
[Enable]:
Extracts function calls.
[Disable]:
Does not extract function calls.
When [Enable] is selected, only the cycles that include function calls are extracted for display from the acquired
trace information. The content of the trace buffer is not changed by extraction of function calls. Using this
function for the result of the free trace or the trace information that includes function calls allows the user to
know the order of function calls.
65
3.9
Analyzing Performance
Use the performance analysis function to measure the rate of execution time. The performance analysis function
does not affect the realtime operation because it measures the rate of execution time in the specified range by
using the circuit for measurement of hardware performance included in the emulator.
Select one of the following five modes according to the purpose of measurement.
Table 3.1
Available Measurement Modes
Mode
Description
Purpose
Time Of Specified Range
Measurement
Measures the execution time and
execution count in the specified
range.
Measurement of time taken for
processing of functions except for
that required for child functions
called from the functions.
Start Point To End Point
Measurement
Measures the execution time and
execution count between the
specified addresses.
Measurement of time taken for
processing of functions.
Start Range To End
Range Measurement
Measures the execution time
from a specified range to another
specified range.
Measurement of execution time
spent from calling of any of
sequential subroutines to calling of
any of other sequential subroutines
in a program that includes
subroutines in sequence, such as
an assembly program.
Access Count Of
Specified Range
Measurement
Measures the number of times a
specified range is accessed from
another specified range.
Measurement of the number of
times a global variable is accessed
from a specific function.
Called Count Of
Specified Range
Measurement
Measures the number of times a
specified range has called
another specified range.
Measurement of the number of
times a function is called from a
specific function.
Use eight performance channels installed on the circuit for measurement of hardware performance in the
emulator for setting of conditions for measurement. Up to eight points can be set.
Note, however, that up to four points can be set in Start Range To End Range Measurement, Access Count Of
Specified Range Measurement, or Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement because two sequential points
are used for setting a condition in these modes.
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Table 3.2
Mode Settings for Measurement
Point
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Time Of Specified Range
Measurement
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Start Point To End Point
Measurement
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Ο
Start Range To End
Range Measurement
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Access Count Of
Specified Range
Measurement
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Called Count Of
Specified Range
Measurement
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Ο
⎯
Measurement Mode
Note: Ο: Available
⎯: Not available
Note: Only one point is used in Time Of Specified Range Measurement and Start Point To End Point
Measurement, while two sequential points are used in Start Range To End Range Measurement, Access
Count Of Specified Range Measurement, and Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement. The
conditions that have been set will be canceled when switching these modes of different types.
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3.9.1
Opening the [Performance Analysis] Window
Choose [View -> Performance -> Performance Analysis] or click the [PA] toolbar button (
[Select Performance Analysis Type] dialog box.
) to open the
Figure 3.35 [Select Performance Analysis Type] Dialog Box
Select [E6000H Performance Analysis] and then click the [OK] button to open the [Performance Analysis]
window.
Figure 3.36 [Performance Analysis] Window
This window displays the rate of execution time in the area selected by the user during the last program run in
percentages, histogram, or numerical values.
It is possible to hide any column not necessary in the [Performance Analysis] window. Selecting a column you
want to hide from the popup menu displayed by clicking the right-hand mouse button on the header column
hides that column. To display the hidden column, select the column from the said popup menu again.
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3.9.2
Setting Conditions for Measurement
Conditions for measurement can be displayed and changed in the [Performance Analysis] window. Select a point
where a condition is to be set, and then select [Set…] from the popup menu to display the [Performance Analysis
Properties] dialog box.
Select either from the following five modes as the condition by the [Measurement Method] option:
Table 3.3
Conditions for Measurement (Measurement Method)
[Measurement Method] Option
Time Of Specified Range Measurement
Start Point To End Point Measurement
Start Range To End Range Measurement
Access Count Of Specified Range Measurement
Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement
Set a condition for measurement according to the mode being selected. The parameters to be set depend on the
modes.
The [Performance Analysis Properties] window has a support function to enter the address range of a function
automatically if the name of the function is entered to set an address range. Entering a function name in the
[Input Function Range] dialog box displayed by clicking the […] button on the [Performance Analysis
Properties] dialog box automatically enters the address range of the function.
Figure 3.37 [Input Function Range] Window
Notes: 1. Entering the name of an overload function or a class opens the [Select Function] dialog box. Select a
function in this dialog box.
2. The addresses figured out are just for reference. In some cases, the end address of a function may be
different. Check the last instruction of the function in the [Disassembly] window to correct the value
set in [End Address] so that it will be the address of the last instruction (in general, the last instruction
of a function is a RTS instruction). A label name or an expression can be entered instead of an
address value in boxes where an address should be entered.
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(1) Time Of Specified Range Measurement
Figure 3.38 Time Of Specified Range Settings
[Range Name]:
The name of the range to be measured
[Range]:
The range for the Time Of Specified Range Measurement
[Start Address]:
Address to start measurement
[End Address]:
Address to end measurement
Measures the execution time and the execution count in the range between the start address and end address.
Starts measurement with a detected program prefetch in the range specified between the start and end addresses,
and then stops with a detected program prefetch out of the specified range. Measurement can be restarted with a
detected program prefetch in the specified range. The execution count is incremented every time the program is
prefetched at the end address of the specified range. The execution time measured does not include the time
spent while being called from the specified range.
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(2) Start Point To End Point Measurement
Figure 3.39 Start Point To End Point Measurement Settings
[Range Name]:
The name of the range to be measured
[Point]:
The range for the Start Point To End Point Measurement
[Start Address]:
Address to start measurement
[End Address]:
Address to end measurement
[Time Out Action]:
The action to take when a timeout or count-out occurs.
Disable: Disables setting of a timeout or count-out value.
Enable: Stops the user program execution when a timeout or count-out occurs.
Trace Stop: Stops trace acquisition when a timeout or count-out occurs.
This is only available for channel 1.
[Time Out]:
The timeout value to finish measurement. When the minimum time for measurement
is 160 ns, 40 ns, or 20 ns, enter the value as follows.
Example: 1h 2min 3s 123ms 456us 789ns
If the CPU operating mode is target, enter a hexadecimal number in 10 digits.
Example: 123456789A
A break occurs every time a value measured in the specified range exceeds the
timeout value (not the total time). This is only available for channel 1.
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[Count]:
The count-up value used in measurement of the execution count. A break occurs
every time the execution count exceeds the count-up value. This is only available for
channel 1.
Measures the execution time and the execution count in the range between start address and end address. Starts
measurement with a detected program prefetch at the start address, and then stops with a detected program
prefetch at the end address. The execution count is incremented every time the program is prefetched at the end
address of the specified range. The execution time measured includes the time spent while being called from the
specified range. When either from one to four points is selected, the maximum and minimum time in the
specified range can be measured.
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(3) Start Range To End Range Measurement
Figure 3.40 Start Range To End Range Measurement Settings
[Range Name]:
The name of the range to be measured
[Start Range]:
The start range for the Start Range To End Range Measurement
[Start Address]:
Start address
[End Address]:
End address
[End Range]:
The end range for the Start Range To End Range Measurement
[Start Address]:
Start address
[End Address]:
End address
Starts measurement with a detected prefetch cycle in the specified start address range, and then stops with a
detected prefetch cycle in the specified end address range. The execution count is incremented every time the
program passes the end address range.
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(4) Access Count Of Specified Range Measurement
Figure 3.41 Access Count Of Specified Range Measurement Settings
[Range Name]:
The name of the range to be measured
[Range]:
The range for the Access Count Of Specified Range Measurement
[Start Address]:
Start address
[End Address]:
End address
[Access Area Range]:
The access range for the Access Count Of Specified Range Measurement
[Start Address]:
Start address
[End Address]:
End address
Measures the number of times the range specified as the access range is accessed from the range specified by the
start and end addresses. The execution count in the range is measured with Time Of Specified Range
Measurement mode.
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(5) Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement
Figure 3.42 Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement Settings
[Range Name]:
The name of the range to be measured
[Range]:
The range for the Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement
[Start Address]:
Start address
[End Address]:
End address
[Call Range]:
The range for the Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement. As the call range,
specify the start and end addresses of the selected subroutine.
[Start Address]:
Start address
[End Address]:
End address
Measures the number of times the range specified as the call range is called from the range specified by the start
and end addresses. The execution time in the specified range can be measured with Time Of Specified Range
Measurement mode. As the call range, specify the start and end addresses of the selected subroutine.
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3.9.3
Starting Performance Data Acquisition
Executing the user program clears the result of previous measurement and automatically starts measuring the rate
of execution time according to the conditions that have been set. Stopping the user program displays the result of
measurement in the [Performance Analysis] window.
3.9.4
Deleting a Measurement Condition
Select [Reset] from the popup menu with a measurement condition selected to delete the condition.
3.9.5
Deleting All Measurement Conditions
Choose [Reset All] from the popup menu to delete all the conditions that have been set.
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3.10
Profiling Function
3.10.1
Enabling the Profile
Choose [View->Performance->Profile] to open the [Profile] window. Choose [Enable Profiler] from the popup
menu of the [Profile] window. The item on the menu will be checked.
3.10.2
Specifying Measuring Mode
You can specify whether to trace functions calls while profile data is acquired. When function calls are traced,
the relations of function calls during user program execution are displayed as a tree diagram. When not traced,
the relations of function calls cannot be displayed, but the time for acquiring profile data can be reduced.
To stop tracing function calls, choose [Disable Tree (Not traces function call)] from the popup menu in the
[Profile] window (a check mark is shown to the left of the menu item).
When acquiring profile data of the program in which functions are called in a special way, such as task switching
in the OS, stop tracing function calls.
3.10.3
Executing the Program and Checking the Results
After the user program has been executed and execution has been halted, the results of measurement are
displayed in the [Profile] window.
The [Profile] window has two sheets; a [List] sheet and a [Tree] sheet.
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3.10.4
[List] Sheet
Figure 3.43 [Profile] Window ([List] Sheet)
This window displays the address and size of a function or a global variable, the number of times the function is
called or the global variable is accessed, and profile data.
When the column header is clicked, data are sorted in alphabetic or numeric ascending/descending order.
Double-clicking the [Function/Variable] or [Address] column displays the source program of the address in the
line. Right-clicking on the mouse within the window displays a popup menu. For details on this popup menu,
refer to section 3.10.5, [Tree] Sheet.
Note: For notes on the profiling function, refer to section 5.9, Profiling Function.
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3.10.5
[Tree] Sheet
Figure 3.44 [Profile] Window ([Tree] Sheet)
This window displays the relation of function calls in a tree structure. Displayed contents are the address, size,
stack size, and number of function calls and execution cycles. The stack size and number of function calls are
values when the function is called.
The [Tree] sheet is only available when [Not trace the function call] is not checked in the popup menu of the
[Profile] window.
Double-clicking a function in the [Function] column expands or reduces the tree structure display. The
expansion or reduction is also provided by the “+” or “-” key. Double-clicking the [Address] column displays the
source program of the specific address.
Right-clicking on the mouse within the window displays a popup menu. Supported menu options are described
in the following sections:
•
View Source
Displays the source program or disassembled memory contents for the address in the selected line.
•
View Profile-Chart
Displays the [Profile-Chart] window focused on the function in the specified line.
•
Enable Profiler
Toggles acquisition profile data. When profile data acquisition is active, a check mark is shown to the left of the
menu text.
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• Not trace the function call
Stops tracing function calls while profile data is acquired. This menu is used when acquiring profile data of the
program in which functions are called in a special way, such as task switching in the OS.
To display the relation of function calls in the [Tree] sheet of the [Profile] window, acquire profile data without
selecting this menu. In addition, do not select this menu when optimizing the program by the optimizing linkage
editor using the acquired profile information file.
•
Find…
Displays the [Find Text] dialog box to find a character string in the [Function] column. Search is started by
inputting a character string to be found in the edit box and clicking [Find Next] or pressing the Enter key.
•
Clear Data
Clears the number of times functions are called and profile data. Data in the [Profile] window’s [List] sheet and
the [Profile-Chart] window are also cleared.
•
Output Profile Information Files…
Displays the [Save Profile Information Files] dialog box. Profiling results are saved in a profile information file
(.pro extension). The optimizing linkage editor optimizes user programs according to the profile information in
this file. For details of the optimization using the profile information, refer to the manual of the optimizing
linkage editor.
Note: If profile information has been acquired by selecting the [Not trace the function call] menu, the program
cannot be optimized by the optimizing linkage editor.
•
Output Text File…
Displays the [Save Text of Profile Data] dialog box. Displayed contents are saved in a text file.
•
Setting
This menu has the following submenus (the menus available only in the [List] sheet are also included).
1.
Show Functions/Variables
Displays both functions and global variables in the [Function/Variable] column.
2.
Show Functions
Displays only functions in the [Function/Variable] column.
3.
Show Variables
Displays only global variables in the [Function/Variable] column.
4.
Only Executed Functions
Only displays the executed functions. If a stack information file (.sni extension) output from the optimizing
linkage editor does not exist in the directory where the load module is located, only the executed functions are
displayed even if this check box is not checked.
5. Include Data of Child Functions
Sets whether or not to display information for a child function called in the function as profile data.
•
Properties...
This popup menu is unavailable in the SH7046 E6000H emulator.
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3.11
[Profile-Chart] Window
Figure 3.45 [Profile-Chart] Window
This window displays the relation of calls for a specific function. This window displays the calling relation for
the function specified in the [List] sheet or [Tree] sheet in the [Profile] window. The specified function is
displayed in the middle, the calling function on the left side, and the called function on the right side. Values
beside the calling and called functions show the number of times the function has been called.
Right-clicking on the mouse within the window displays a popup menu. Supported menu options are described
in the following sections.
•
View Source
Displays the source program or disassembled memory contents for the address of the function on which the
cursor is placed when the right-hand mouse button is clicked. If the cursor is not placed on a function when the
right-hand mouse button is clicked, this menu option is displayed in gray characters.
•
View Profile-Chart
Displays the [Profile-Chart] window for the specific function on which the cursor is placed when the right-hand
mouse button is clicked. If the cursor is not placed on a function when the right-hand mouse button is clicked,
this menu option is displayed in gray characters.
•
Enable Profiler
Toggles acquisition of profile data. When profile data acquisition is active, a check mark is shown to the left of
the menu text.
•
Clear Data
Clears the number of times functions are called and profile data. Data in the [List] sheet and [Tree] sheet in the
[Profile] window are also cleared.
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•
Multiple View
If the [Profile-Chart] window is going to be opened when it has already been opened, selects whether another
window is to be opened or the same window is to be used to display data. When a check mark is shown to the
left side of the menu text, another window is opened.
•
Output Profile Information File…
Displays the [Save Profile Information File] dialog box. Profiling results are saved in a profile information file
(.pro extension). The optimizing linkage editor optimizes user programs according to the profile information in
this file. For details of the optimization using the profile information, refer to the manual of the optimizing
linkage editor.
• Expands Size
Expands spaces between each function. The “+” key can also be used to expand spaces.
• Reduces Size
Reduces spaces between each function. The “-” key can also be used to reduce spaces.
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Section 4 Tutorial
4.1
Introduction
This section describes the main functions of the emulator by using a tutorial program.
The tutorial program is based on the C++ program that sorts ten random data items in ascending or descending
order. The tutorial program performs the following actions:
• The main function repeatedly calls the tutorial function to repeat sorting.
• The tutorial function generates random data to be sorted and calls the sort and change functions in
that order.
• The sort function enters the array where the random data generated by the tutorial function are stored,
and sorts them in the ascending order.
• The change function then sorts the array, which was sorted in ascending order by the sort function, in
descending order.
The file tutorial.cpp contains the source code for the tutorial program. The file Tutorial.abs is a
compiled load module in the Dwarf2 format.
Notes: 1. After recompilation, the addresses may differ from those given in this section.
2.
This section describes general usage examples for the emulator. For the particular specifications of
each product, refer to section 3, Debugging, or the online help.
3.
The operation address of Tutorial.abs attached to each product differs depending on the
product. Replace the address used in this section with the correct address in each product after
checking that it is placed on the corresponding line of the source program.
4.
In this tutorial, the SH7046 E6000H emulator is taken as an example. File paths or the appearance of
figures differ depending on the product.
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4.2
Running the High-performance Embedded Workshop
Open a workspace by following the procedure listed in section 2.1.3, Selecting an Existing Workspace.
Select the following directory.
OS installation drive \Workspace\Tutorial\E6000H\7046
Note:
The directory mentioned above cannot be specified depending on the version of the software. In such
cases, specify the following directory instead.
High-performance Embedded Workshop installation destination directory
\Tools\Renesas\DebugComp\Platform\E6000H\7046\Tutorial
Then select the file indicated below.
Figure 4.1 [Open Workspace] Dialog Box
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4.3
Downloading the Tutorial Program
4.3.1
Downloading the Tutorial Program
Download the object program to be debugged.
• Select [Download module] from [Tutorial.abs] of [Download modules].
Figure 4.2 Downloading the Tutorial Program
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4.3.2
Displaying the Source Program
The High-performance Embedded Workshop allows the user to debug a user program at the source level.
• Double-click [Tutorial.cpp] under [C++ source file].
Figure 4.3 [Editor] Window (Displaying the Source Program)
• Select a font and size that are legible if necessary.
Initially the [Editor] window shows the start of the user program, but the user can use the scroll bar to scroll
through the user program and look at the other statements.
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4.4 Setting a Software Breakpoint
A software breakpoint is a simple debugging function.
The [Editor] window provides a very simple way of setting a software breakpoint at any point in a program. For
example, to set a software breakpoint where the sort function is called:
• Select by double-clicking the [S/W Breakpoints] column on the line containing the sort function call.
Figure 4.4 [Editor] Window (Setting a Software Breakpoint)
The symbol • will appear on the line containing the sort function. This shows that a software breakpoint
has been set.
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4.5 Setting Registers
Set a value in the program counter before executing the program.
• Select [Registers] from the [CPU] submenu of the [View] menu or click the [Register] toolbar button (
display the [Register] window.
) to
Figure 4.5 [Register] Window
• To change the value of the program counter (PC), double-click on the PC value area in the [Register] window
with the mouse. The following dialog box is then displayed, and the value can be changed. Set the program
counter to H’00000800 in this tutorial program, and click the [OK] button.
Figure 4.6 [Register] Dialog Box (PC)
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4.6 Executing the Program
Execute the program as described in the following:
• To execute the program, select [Go] from the [Debug] menu, or click the [Go] button on the toolbar.
Figure 4.7 [Go] Button
While the program is executed, the current address bus value and the operating state of the MCU are displayed
on the status bar.
The program will be executed up to the software breakpoint that has been set, and an arrow will appear on the
[S/W Breakpoints] column in the [Editor] window to show the position where the program has halted, with the
message [Break = Software Break] in the status bar.
Notes:
When the source file is displayed after a break, a path of the source file may be inquired. The location
of the source file is as follows:
OS installation drive \Workspace\Tutorial\E6000H\7046\Source
The directory mentioned above cannot be specified depending on the version of the software. In such
cases, specify the following directory instead.
High-performance Embedded Workshop installation destination directory
\Tools\Renesas\DebugComp\Platform\E6000H\7046\Source
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Figure 4.8 [Editor] Window (Break Status)
90
The user can see the cause of the break that occurred last time in the [Status] window.
• Select [Status] from the [CPU] submenu of the [View] menu or click the [Status] toolbar button ( ). After
the [Status] window is displayed, open the [Platform] sheet, and check the Status of Cause of last
break.
Figure 4.9 [Status] Window
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ depending on the product. For the items that can
be displayed, refer to section 3, Debugging, or the online help.
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4.7 Reviewing Breakpoints
The user can see all the breakpoints set in the program in the [Event] window.
• Select [Eventpoints] from the [Code] submenu of the [View] menu or click the [Eventpoints] toolbar button
( ). The [Event] window is displayed. Select the [Software] sheet.
Figure 4.10 [Event] Window
The popup menu, opened by clicking the [Event] window with the right-hand mouse button, allows the user
to set or change breakpoints, define new breakpoints, and delete, enable, or disable breakpoints.
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4.8 Referring to Symbols
The [Label] window can be used to display the information on symbols in modules.
Select [Label] from the [Symbol] submenu of the [View] menu. The [Label] window is displayed so that the user
can refer to the addresses of symbols in modules.
Figure 4.11 [Label] Window
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4.9 Viewing Memory
When the label name is specified, the user can view the memory contents that the label has been registered in the
[Memory] window. For example, to view the memory contents corresponding to _main in byte size:
• Select [Memory …] from the [CPU] submenu of the [View] menu or click the [View Memory] toolbar
button ( ) to open the [Format] dialog box. Enter _main in the [Begin] edit box and +ff in the [End] edit
box, respectively, and select Byte in the [Format] combo box.
Figure 4.12 [Format] Dialog Box
• Click the [OK] button. The [Memory] window showing the selected area of memory is displayed.
Figure 4.13 [Memory] Window
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4.10 Watching Variables
As the user steps through a program, it is possible to watch that the values of variables used in the user program
are changed. For example, set a watch on the long-type array a declared at the beginning of the program, by the
following procedure:
• Click the left of displayed array a in the [Editor] window to place the cursor.
• Select [Instant Watch...] with the right-hand mouse button.
The following dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 4.14 [Instant Watch] Dialog Box
• Click the [Add] button to add a variable to the [Watch] window.
Figure 4.15 [Watch] Window (Displaying the Array)
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The user can also add a variable to the [Watch] window by specifying its name.
• Click the [Watch] window with the right-hand mouse button and select [Add Watch…] from the popup menu.
The following dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 4.16 [Add Watch] Dialog Box
• Enter variable i to [Variable or expression] edit box and click the [OK] button.
The [Watch] window will now also show the int-type variable i.
Figure 4.17 [Watch] Window (Displaying the Variable)
96
The user can click mark ‘+’ at the left side of array a in the [Watch] window to watch all the elements.
Figure 4.18 [Watch] Window (Displaying Array Elements)
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4.11 Displaying Local Variables
The user can display local variables in a function by using the [Locals] window. For example, we will examine
the local variables in the tutorial function, which declares local variables j, i, and p_sam.
• Select [Locals] from the [Symbol] submenu of the [View] menu. The [Locals] window is displayed.
The [Locals] window shows the local variables in the function currently pointed to by the program counter,
along with their values. Note, however, that the [Locals] window is initially empty because local variables are
yet to be declared.
Figure 4.19 [Locals] Window
The user can click mark ‘+’ at the left side of class instance p_sam in the [Locals] window to watch all the
elements. View the elements of class instance p_sam before and after the execution of the sort function and
check that the random data is sorted in the descending order.
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4.12 Stepping Through a Program
The High-performance Embedded Workshop provides a range of step menu commands that allow efficient
program debugging.
Table 4.2 Step Options
Menu
Command
Description
Step In
Executes each statement, including statements within functions.
Step Over
Executes a function call in a single step.
Step Out
Steps out of a function, and stops at the statement following the statement in the program
that called the function.
Step…
Steps the specified times repeatedly at a specified rate.
4.12.1 Executing the [Step In] Command
The [Step In] command steps into the called function and stops at the first statement of the called function.
• To step through the sort function, select [Step In] from the [Debug] menu, or click the [Step In] button on
the toolbar.
Figure 4.20 [Step In] Button
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Figure 4.21 [Editor] Window (Step In)
• The highlighted line moves to the first statement of the sort function in the [Editor] window.
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4.12.2 Executing the [Step Out] Command
The [Step Out] command steps out of the called function and stops at the next statement of the calling statement.
• To step out of the sort function, select [Step Out] from the [Debug] menu, or click the [Step Out] button in
the toolbar.
Figure 4.22 [Step Out] Button
Figure 4.23 [High-performance Embedded Workshop] Window (Step Out)
The data of variable a displayed in the [Watch] window is sorted in the ascending order.
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4.12.3 Executing the [Step Over] Command
The [Step Over] executes a function call in a single step and stops at the next statement of the main program.
• To step through all statements in the change function in a single step, select [Step Over] from the [Debug]
menu, or click the [Step Over] button on the toolbar.
Figure 4.24 [Step Over] Button
Figure 4.25 [High-performance Embedded Workshop] Window (Step Over)
The data of variable a displayed in the [Watch] window is sorted in the descending order.
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4.13 Forced Breaking of Program Executions
The High-performance Embedded Workshop can force a break during the execution of a program.
• Cancel all the breakpoints.
• To execute the remaining sections of the tutorial function, select [Go] from the [Debug] menu or the
[Go] button on the toolbar.
Figure 4.26 [Go] Button
• The program goes into an endless loop. To force a break during execution, select [Halt] from the [Debug]
menu or the [Halt] button on the toolbar.
Figure 4.27 [Halt] Button
4.14 Resetting the Target MCU
Resetting the target MCU initializes the on-chip I/O registers and makes the program counter jump to the address
set in the reset vector.
• To reset the target MCU, select [Reset CPU] from the [Debug] menu or the [Reset CPU] button on the
toolbar.
Figure 4.28 [Reset CPU] Button
• To execute the user program immediately after a reset, select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu or the
[Reset Go] button on the toolbar.
Figure 4.29 [Reset Go] Button
Note: This tutorial program is executable from the reset vector.
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4.15 Break Function
The emulator provides break functions by software breaks, on-chip breaks, and on-emulator breaks. Software
breakpoints, on-chip breakpoints, and on-emulator breakpoints can be set in the High-performance Embedded
Workshop’s [Event] window.
An overview and setting of the break function are described below.
4.15.1 Software Break Function
The emulator can set up to 255 software breakpoints.
• Select [Eventpoints] from the [Code] submenu of the [View] menu or click the [Eventpoints] toolbar button
( ). The [Event] window is displayed.
• Select the [Software] sheet.
Figure 4.30 [Event] Window (Before Setting a Software Breakpoint)
• Click the [Event] window with the right-hand mouse button and select [Add…] from the popup menu.
• The [Breakpoint Properties] dialog box ([Software Break] page) is displayed.
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Figure 4.31 [Breakpoint Properties] Dialog Box
105
• Click the [Edit…] button to display the [Software Break] dialog box.
Figure 4.32 [Software Break] Dialog Box
• Use the [Editor] window to refer to the address on the line that has ‘p_sam->s0=a[0];’ within the tutorial
function and enter this address in the [Address] edit box. In this example, enter H’000010A4.
Note: This dialog box differs depending on the product. For the items of each product, refer to section 3,
Debugging, or the online help.
• Click the [OK] button. Then click the [Close] button on the [Breakpoint Properties] dialog box.
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The software breakpoint that has been set is displayed in the [Event] window.
Figure 4.33 [Event] Window (Software Breakpoint Setting)
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ depending on the product. For the items that can
be displayed, refer to section 3, Debugging, or the online help.
• Close the [Event] window.
• To stop the tutorial program at the breakpoint, select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu.
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The program runs until it stops at the breakpoint that has been set.
Figure 4.34 [Editor] Window at Execution Stop (Software Break)
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The [Status] window displays the following contents:
Figure 4.35 Displayed Contents of the [Status] Window (Software Break)
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ depending on the product. For the items that can
be displayed, refer to section 3, Debugging, or the online help.
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4.15.2 On-Chip Break Function
Setting of an on-chip breakpoint on channel 4 such that a break is triggered when the break condition has been
satisfied five times is explained as an example of the use of on-chip breakpoints.
Note: The channels on which the satisfaction count can be specified differ depending on the product. For
details on each product, refer to section 3, Debugging, or the online help.
• Select [Eventpoints] from the [Code] submenu of the [View] menu or click the [Eventpoints] toolbar button
( ). The [Event] window is displayed.
• The software breakpoint that has been previously set must be deleted. Click the [Software] sheet of the
[Event] window with the right-hand mouse button and select [Delete All] from the popup menu to delete all
the software breakpoints that have been set.
• Click the [On Chip] tab of the [Event] window.
• Click the [Event] window with the right-hand mouse button and select [Add…] from the popup menu.
• The [Breakpoint Properties] dialog box ([On Chip Break] page) is displayed.
Figure 4.36 [Breakpoint Properties] Dialog Box ([On Chip Break] Page)
• Select [4] in the list box and click the [Edit…] button. The [On Chip Break Channel 4] dialog box is
displayed.
110
• Make the following settings in the group boxes on the [Address] page:
Uncheck the [Don’t Care] checkbox.
Then use the [Editor] window to refer to the address on the line that has ‘a[i]=j;’ within the tutorial
function and enter this address in the [Address] edit box. In this example, enter H'0000107C.
• Make the following settings in the boxes on the [Count] page:
Uncheck the [Don’t Care] checkbox.
Enter D’5 in the [Count] edit box.
Note: The content of this dialog box differs depending on the product. For details on each product, refer to
section 3, Debugging, or the online help.
Figure 4.37 [On Chip Break Channel 4] Dialog Box
• Click the [OK] button. Then click the [Close] button on the [Breakpoint Properties] dialog box.
The on-chip breakpoint that has been set is displayed in the [Event] window.
Note: The items that can be displayed in this window differ depending on the product. For the items that can be
displayed, refer to section 3, Debugging, or the online help.
Close the [Event] window. Then select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu to stop the tutorial program at on-chip
breakpoints. The program runs and then stops at the breakpoint that has been set. The cause of a break can be
checked in [Cause of last break] of the [Status] window.
Refer to the [Watch] window for the value of variable i. The value is 4, indicating that the break occurred after
the condition had been satisfied five times.
Then delete the on-chip breakpoint. Clicking the right-hand mouse button on the [Event] window displays a
popup menu. Select [Delete All] from this menu to delete all the on-chip breakpoints.
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4.16 Trace Functions
The trace functions of the emulator use the realtime trace buffer, which can store the information of up to 128-k
bus cycles. The content of this buffer, which is constantly updated during execution, is displayed in the [Trace]
window.
Select [Trace] from the [Code] submenu of the [View] menu or click the [Trace] toolbar button (
the [Trace] window.
) to display
Figure 4.38 [Trace] Window
When trace information is displayed in the [Trace] window, clicking the right-hand mouse button on the [Trace]
window displays a popup menu. Select [Clear] from this menu to clear the trace information.
The following sections give an overview of the trace functions and the settings.
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4.16.1 Displaying Trace Information by the Free Trace Function
The free trace function allows continuous acquisition of trace information from the start of user program
execution to the occurrence of a break.
(1) All break conditions must be deleted. Clicking the right-hand mouse button on the [Trace] window displays
a popup menu. Select [Acquisition…] from this menu to display the [Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog
box. Ensure that [Free Trace] is checked and then click the [Close] button.
Figure 4.39 [Trace Acquisition Properties] Dialog Box (Free Trace)
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(2) Set a software breakpoint at the address on the line that has ‘p_sam->s0=a[0];’ within the tutorial
function (refer to section 4.15.1, Software Break Function).
(3) Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu. Execution stops when the break condition is satisfied, and the
[Trace] window then displays the trace information.
Figure 4.40 [Trace] Window (Free Trace)
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4.16.2 Displaying Trace Information by the Trace Stop Function
While the trace stop function is in use, acquisition of trace information stops when a specified condition is
satisfied. The user can check the program flow by the trace information without breaking the user program
execution.
(1) Delete all the break conditions that have been set. Uncheck [Free Trace] on the [Condition] page of the
[Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box (otherwise, the free trace mode will be selected).
(2) Select [1] from the list box on the [Condition] page of the [Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box and then
click [Edit…]. The [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel 1] dialog box is displayed. Select the [Trace Stop]
radio button in the [After Condition Match] group box on the [Action] page.
Figure 4.41 [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel 1] Dialog Box (Trace Stop)
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(3) An address must be set as the condition. Uncheck [Don’t Care] on the [Address] page of the [Trace
Acquisition Condition Channel 1] dialog box. Then use the [Editor] window to refer to the address on the
line that includes ‘a[i]=j;’ within the tutorial function and enter this address in the [Start] edit box. In
this example, enter H'0000107C. This completes the setting of the address. Click the [OK] button to close
the [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel 1] dialog box.
Figure 4.42 [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel 1] Dialog Box ([Address] Page)
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(4) Items that have been set are displayed in the list box on the [Condition] page of the [Trace Acquisition
Properties] dialog box. Click the [Close] button on this dialog box.
Figure 4.43 [Trace Acquisition Properties] Dialog Box (Trace Stop)
(5) Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu. The trace condition is satisfied, and the [Trace] window then
displays the following contents.
Figure 4.44 [Trace] Window (Trace Stop)
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4.16.3
Displaying Trace Information by the Conditional Trace Function
The conditional trace function only acquires trace information at the address where a specified condition has
been satisfied. This is useful for analyzing a program focused on reading from or writing to a specific address
(e.g. a global variable or memory mapped I/O).
(1) If the user program is running, select [Halt Program] from the [Debug] menu to halt the program.
(2) Delete all the break conditions that have been set. Uncheck [Free Trace] on the [Condition] page of the
[Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box (otherwise, the free trace mode will be selected).
(3) Select [1] from the list box on the [Condition] page of the [Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box and
then click [Edit…]. The [Trace Acquisition Condition Channel 1] dialog box is displayed. Select the
[Acquisition Condition] radio button in the [After Condition Match] group box on the [Action] page.
(4) An address must be set as the condition. Uncheck [Don’t Care] on the [Address] page of the [Trace
Acquisition Condition Channel 1] dialog box. Then use the [Watch] window to refer to the address on the
line that includes ‘a[0]’ and enter this address in the [Start] edit box. In this example, enter H'FFFFE400.
This completes the setting of an address. Click the [OK] button to close the [Trace Acquisition Condition
Channel 1] dialog box.
(5) Items that have been set are displayed in the list box on the [Condition] page of the [Trace Acquisition
Properties] dialog box. Click the [Close] button on this dialog box.
(6) Set a software breakpoint at the address on the line that has ‘delete p_sam;’ within the tutorial function
(H'000010E0. in this example) (for details, refer to section 4.15.1, Software Break Function).
(7) Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu. Execution stops when the break condition is satisfied, and the
[Trace] window then displays the following contents.
Figure 4.45 [Trace] Window (Conditional Trace)
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4.16.4
Statistics
The number of times the on-chip RAM has been written to can be included in the acquired trace information.
(1) Delete all the break conditions that have been set. Click [Reset All] on the [Condition] page of the [Trace
Acquisition Properties] dialog box to cancel trace conditions. Check [Free Trace] on the [Condition] page
of the [Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box.
(2) Make the setting so that a break occurs at the address on the line that has ‘p_sam->s0=a[0];’ within the
tutorial function (H’000010A4 in this example) (for details on, refer to section 4.15.1, Software
Break Function).
(3) Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu. Execution stops when the break condition is satisfied, and the
[Trace] window then displays the trace information.
(4) Select [Statistic…] from the popup menu that is displayed when you click the right-hand mouse button on
the [Trace] window. A message box appears, indicating that the trace data is being loaded, and the
[Statistic] dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 4.46 [Statistic] Dialog Box
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(5) Select [R/W] in the [Item] combo box and enter WR in the [Start] edit box. Then, click the [New] button.
“R/W=WR” will be displayed in the [Condition] column of the [Result] list box.
Figure 4.47 [Statistic] Dialog Box (New Condition)
120
(6) Then, select [Area] from the [Item] combo box and enter RAM in the [Start] edit box. Then, click the [Add]
button; the new condition is now added to the “R/W=WR” display in the [Condition] column of the [Result]
list box, so that it now shows “R/W=WR & Area=RAM”. This completes the setting of the conditions.
Figure 4.48 [Statistic] Dialog Box (Condition Added)
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(7) To start statistical analysis of the specified condition, press the [Result] button. The number of write
operations that satisfies the conditions and the PTR values will be displayed.
Figure 4.49 [Statistic] Dialog Box (Result of Analysis)
(8) Click the [Close] button to close the [Statistic] dialog box.
(9) Delete the event points that have been set and clear the trace information. Clicking the right-hand mouse
button on the [Event] window displays a popup menu. Select [Delete All] from this menu to delete all the
event points that have been set. Clicking the right-hand mouse button on the [Trace] window displays a
further popup menu. Select [Clear] from this menu to clear the trace information.
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4.16.5
Function Calls
This mechanism is only used to collect trace information on the function calls.
(1) Make the setting so that a break occurs at the address on the line that has ‘p_sam->s0=a[0];’ within the
tutorial function (H’000010A4 in this example) (for details, refer to section 4.15.1, Software Break
Function).
(2) Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu. Execution stops when the break condition is satisfied, and the
[Trace] window then displays the trace information.
(3) Select [Function Call…] from the popup menu displayed by clicking the right-hand mouse button on the
[Trace] window. The [Function Call Display] dialog box will be displayed.
Figure 4.50 [Function Call Display] Dialog Box
(4) Click the [Enable] radio button and then the [OK] button. Only the information on function calls is now
displayed in the [Trace] window.
Figure 4.51 [Trace] Window (Function Calls)
(5) To return the display in the [Trace] window to its previous state, follow the procedure in (3) to display the
[Function Call Display] dialog box. Click the [Disable] button and then the [OK] button.
(6) Delete the event points that have been set and clear the trace information. Clicking the right-hand mouse
button on the [Event] window displays a popup menu. Select [Delete All] from this menu to delete all the
event points that have been set. Clicking the right-hand mouse button on the [Trace] window displays a
further popup menu. Select [Clear] from this menu to clear the trace information.
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4.17 Stack Trace Function
The emulator uses the information on the stack to display the function call history.
Notes: 1. This function can be used only when the load module that has the Dwarf2-type debugging
information is loaded. Such load modules are supported in H8S, H8/300 C/C++ compiler V4.0 or
later.
2. For details on the stack trace function, refer to the online help.
• Double-click the [S/W Breakpoints] column in the sort function and set a software breakpoint.
Figure 4.52 [Editor] Window (Software Breakpoint Setting)
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• Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu.
• After the break in program execution, select [Stack Trace] from the [Code] submenu of the [View] menu to
open the [Stack Trace] window.
Figure 4.53 [Stack Trace] Window
Figure 4.53 shows that the position of the program counter is currently at the selected line of the sort()
function, and that the sort() function is called from the tutorial() function.
To delete the software breakpoint, double-click the [S/W Breakpoints] column in the sort function again.
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4.18 Performance Analysis Function
Performance analysis by the emulator is available in the following modes:
•
Time Of Specified Range Measurement
•
Start Point To End Point Measurement
•
Start Range To End Range Measurement
•
Access Count Of Specified Range Measurement
•
Called Count Of Specified Range Measurement
In this tutorial, we describe the Time Of Specified Range Measurement.
4.18.1
Time Of Specified Range Measurement
(1) Select [Performance Analysis] from the [Performance] submenu of the [View] menu to display the [Select
Performance Analysis Type] dialog box.
Figure 4.54 [Select Performance Analysis Type] Dialog Box
(2) Select “E6000H Performance Analysis” from the [Performance Analysis] combo box in the [Select
Performance Analysis Type] dialog box and click the [OK] button. The [Performance Analysis] window
will be displayed.
Figure 4.55 [Performance Analysis] Window
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(3) Select the line in the [Performance Analysis] window that has 1 in its [No] column and click the right-hand
mouse button to display a popup menu. Select [Set…] from this popup menu to display the [Performance
Analysis Properties] dialog box.
Figure 4.56 [Performance Analysis Properties] Dialog Box
(4)Select Time Of Specified Range Measurement from the [Measurement Method PA1] combo box.
(5) The parameter settings are as follows.
•
Enter sort in the [Range Name] edit box.
•
Click the […] button on the right of the [Start Address] edit box to display the [Input Function Range]
dialog box. Enter the function name sort in the [Function] edit box in this dialog box and then click
the [OK] button. The addresses for the function Sample::sort(long*) will now be set in the
[Start Address] and [End Address] edit boxes.
Figure 4.57 [Input Function Range] Dialog Box
127
Note: The addresses figured out in the [Input Function Range] dialog box are just for reference. In some cases,
the end address of a function may be incorrect. Check the last instruction of the function in the
[Disassembly] window to correct the value set in [End Address] so that it will be the address of the last
instruction (in general, the last instruction of a function is a RTS instruction). A label name or an
expression can be entered instead of an address value in boxes where an address should be entered.
(6) Click the [OK] button to display the contents that has been set for line 1 of the [No] column in the
[Performance Analysis] window. This completes the settings for measuring the time within the specified
range.
Figure 4.58 [Performance Analysis] Dialog Box (Setting Completed)
(7) Set a software breakpoint at the address on the line that has ‘p_sam->change(a);’ within the tutorial
function (H’0000109A in this example). Refer to section 4.15.1, Software Break Function.
(8) Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu. Execution stops when the break condition is satisfied, and the
[Performance Analysis] window then displays the information shown below. The value shown in the [Count]
column is 1, which indicates that the sort function has been executed once, and the execution time is also
displayed. In this tutorial, the minimum unit for time measurement is defined as 20 ns. This value can be
changed in the [Configuration Properties] dialog box.
Figure 4.59 [Performance Analysis] Dialog Box (Displaying the Result)
(9) Delete the settings for performance analysis and delete the event points. Click the right-hand mouse button
on the [Performance Analysis] window to display a popup menu. Select [Reset All] from this popup menu to
clear all of the settings. Clicking the right-hand mouse button on the [Event] window also displays a popup
menu. Select [Delete All] from this popup menu to delete all the event points that have been set.
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4.19 Monitor Function
The emulator allows monitoring of the contents of specified addresses in memory during execution of the user
program. In this example, we monitor the content of the address range where variable a of the tutorial
function is stored.
(1) Select the [CPU] submenu from the [View] menu. Selecting [Monitor Setting…] from the [Monitor]
submenu displays the [Monitor Setting] dialog box.
Figure 4.60 [Monitor Setting] Dialog Box
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(2) Set the items in the [Monitor Setting] dialog box as follows:
•
Enter monitor1 in the [Name] edit box.
•
Set the parameters in the [Options] group box as follows:
(a) Use the [Watch] window to refer to the address on the line where variable a, which is defined within
the tutorial function, is allocated and enter this address in the [Address] edit box. In this example,
H’FFFFE400 is entered.
(b) Enter H’20 in the [Size (byte)] combo box.
(c) Select BYTE (ASCII) from the [Access (Format)] combo box.
(d) Check the [Auto-Refresh at rate (ms)] check box and enter D’00500 in the edit box.
(e) Check the [Reading the Initial Value] check box.
•
Set the parameters in the [Color] group box as follows:
(a) Select Change from the [Change Indicator] combo box.
(b) Select red and white in the [Foreground] and [Background] combo boxes, respectively.
(c) Check the [Mayfly] check box.
Note: Depending on the operating system in use, the foreground and background colors may not be selectable.
Figure 4.61 [Monitor Setting] Dialog Box (Setting Completed)
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(3) Click the [OK] button to open the [Monitor] window.
Figure 4.62 [Monitor] Window
(4) Select [Reset Go] from the [Debug] menu. When the contents of the address range changes by execution,
the updated values are in red (i.e. the color that was selected in the [Foreground] and [Background] combo
boxes). Values will be displayed in black if they have not been updated or a certain period of time has
elapsed since the last update.
Figure 4.63 [Monitor] Window (during Execution)
(5) After you have finished checking the states in the [Monitor] window, select [Halt Program] from the
[Debug] menu to halt the program’s execution.
4.20 What Next?
In this tutorial, some of the main features of the emulator and the High-performance Embedded Workshop
operation have been given. By using the emulation functions provided by the emulator, a high-level debugging is
possible. The conditions caused by hardware and software can be accurately classified and the users can
investigate the problems effectively.
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132
Section 5 Software Specifications and Notes Specific to This Product
This section describes the software specifications and notes specific to the E6000H emulator.
5.1
Supported Hardware
This emulator software is specialized for the SH7046 E6000H emulator (HS7046EPH60H).
5.2
Debugging Platform
The following debugging platform can be selected in this emulator. The target MCUs to be emulated depend on
the selected debugging platform.
Table 5.1
Selectable Target Platform
Debugging Platform
Description
SH7046 E6000H Emulator CPUSH-2
The SH7046, SH7047, SH7144, or SH7145 group
microcomputers can be emulated.
5.3
Displaying and Modifying the Contents of Memory
5.3.1
Displaying and Modifying the Contents of Memory during Execution
The emulator accesses memory in the following three ways to display and modify the contents of memory during
user program execution.
Table 5.2
Access Types for Displaying and Modifying Contents of Memory
Period
Suspended
Display
Modification
Automatically updates the display of the
memory contents without stopping the user
program execution
None
Enabled
Disabled
Parallel access
function
Temporarily stops the user program
execution
Short
Enabled
Enabled
Short break
function
Temporarily stops the user program
execution
Long
Enabled
Enabled
Access Type
Description
Monitor function
These access types have the following characteristics.
Table 5.3
Characteristics of Displaying and Modifying Contents of Memory
Access Type
Target Window
Target Memory Area
Monitor function
Realtime update of display in the [Monitor]
window and in the [Watch] window when the
monitor function is used
Specified eight points or up to 256 bytes of
the areas that the user program is allowed to
access
Parallel access
function
Windows that display the memory contents
other than the [Monitor] window
On-chip ROM and emulation memory area
Short break
function
Windows that display the memory contents
other than the [Monitor] window
On-chip RAM, on-chip I/O, and user memory
area
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Notes: 1. If the setting in the [Watch] window allows a realtime update of a value by reading the normal data,
access types will be different depending on the target memory area that has been set.
2. The parallel access or short break function cannot be used to display or modify the memory contents
while in the sleep mode or standby mode.
3. When the parallel access function or short break function is in use, the program is not executed in
realtime.
5.3.2
Reference Values for Parallel Access Function Termination Period
Table 5.4 shows the reference value for displaying and modifying the memory contents during user program
execution.
Table 5.4 Suspension of Program Execution: Reference Values
Period Suspended
Access Type
Condition
Short break
Read
Displaying 256 bytes in the on-chip RAM
3.5 ms
Reading a longword from the on-chip RAM
1.8 ms
Write
Writing a longword to the on-chip RAM
1.8 ms
Parallel access
Read
Reading a longword from the emulation
memory
220 ns
Write
Writing a longword to the emulation memory
220 ns
Auto update Memory
Execution of the user program does not stop
Table 5.5 shows the environment in which these measurements were obtained.
Table 5.5 Measurement Environment
Item
Setting
Settings of E6000H
Host computer
5.3.3
System clock (φ)
10.0 MHz
Clock mode
Clock mode 3
JTAG clock
10.0 MHz
CPU
Pentium® IV 1.5 GHz
PC interface
PCI interface
Monitor Function
• Up to eight points or 256 bytes in total can be specified for the monitor function.
• The monitor function is implemented by eight 32-byte hardware channels. The address range specified for
one channel must be aligned to a 32-byte boundary; two channels should be used to specify a range across a
32-byte boundary. Accordingly, when multiple ranges are specified across 32-byte boundaries, the total
specifiable size is less than 256 bytes.
• When monitor function conditions are set or modified during user program execution, the program is not
executed in realtime.
• When [Access Size and Display Format] are modified during user program execution, the program is not
executed in realtime.
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5.4
Executing Your Program
5.4.1
Step Execution
Break conditions are ignored during step execution, but trigger pulses will be output.
5.5
Event Functions
5.5.1
Software Breakpoints
• A software breakpoint is realized by replacing the instruction at the specified address with a special
instruction. Accordingly, it can only be set to the area including the emulation RAM. Note that it cannot be
set to the following addresses:
⎯ Addresses whose memory content is H'0000
• Do not modify the contents of the software breakpoints addresses by the user program.
• The content of a software breakpoint address is replaced by a break instruction during user program
execution.
• The maximum number of software breakpoints and temporary PC breakpoints in [Temporary PC
Breakpoints] of the [Run Program] dialog box is 255 in total. Therefore, when 255 software breakpoints
have been set, no temporary breakpoint set in [Temporary PC Breakpoints] of the [Run Program] dialog box
is valid. Ensure that the total number of software breakpoints and temporary PC breakpoints are 255 or less.
• Do not set a breakpoint immediately after a delayed branch instruction (at a slot instruction). If this is
attempted, a slot illegal instruction interrupt will occur when the delayed branch instruction is executed, and
the break will not occur.
5.5.2
On-Chip Break
•
The satisfaction count can only be set for channel 4.
•
A reset point is only valid when a sequential break is enabled.
•
If a sequential break and a break range ([Address Range Break]) have been specified together, only a
sequential break is enabled.
• The address and data conditions are satisfied on the bus cycles where the values on the address bus or data
bus match. Consider the following points when setting these conditions.
⎯ Longword access
Longword data is read and written in a single bus cycle. A data condition is only valid for a longword
access when specified as longword. The specified address must be a multiple of four. Note that longword
data is only valid as the size of an access.
⎯ Word access
Word data is read and written in a single bus cycle. The specified address must be a multiple of two.
Word data is only valid as the size of an access.
⎯ Byte access
Byte data is read and written in a single bus cycle. A data condition is only valid for a byte access when
specified as byte. Any address condition, both an even and odd address, are valid.
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5.5.3
On-Emulator Break
• A break will occur several cycles after a condition is satisfied.
• The address bus and data bus conditions are satisfied on the bus cycles where the values on the address bus
or data bus match. Consider the following points when setting these conditions.
⎯ 32-bit bus area
• Longword access
Longword data is read and written in a single bus cycle. A data condition is only valid for a longword
access when specified as longword. An address condition is only valid for a longword access when
specified as a multiple of four.
• Word access
Word data is read and written in a single bus cycle. A data condition is only valid for a word access
when specified as word. An address condition is only valid for a word access when specified as a
multiple of two.
• Byte access
Byte data is read and written in a single bus cycle. A data condition is only valid for a byte access
when specified as byte. Any address condition, whether an even or odd address, is valid.
⎯ 16-bit bus area
• Longword access
Longword data is read and written in two bus cycles. A data condition is only valid for a longword
access when specified as word. An address condition is only valid for a longword access when
specified as a multiple of two.
• Word access
Word data is read and written in a single bus cycle. A data condition is only valid for a word access
when specified as word. Any multiple of two is a valid address condition.
• Byte access
Byte data is read and written in a single bus cycle. A data condition is only valid for a byte access
when specified as byte. Any address condition, whether an even or odd address, is valid.
⎯ 8-bit bus area
All accesses are done in bytes in this area (a longword is accessed in four byte cycles, and a word in two
byte cycles). Any address condition, whether an even or odd address, is valid. A data condition is only
valid when specified as byte.
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5.6
5.6.1
Trace Functions
Displaying the Trace Information
• The same hardware resource is used for acquisition of time stamps and the IRQ signals in the trace function.
Accordingly, the trace contents differ depending on the [Selection of the trace contents] setting in the [Trace
Acquisition Properties] dialog box.
Table 5.7 Trace Contents
Setting
Description
When [Timestamp] is selected
Acquires and displays timestamp in 32 bits. The IRQ signals
are not acquired.
When [IRQ7-0 all indications] is
selected
Acquires and displays the IRQ signals. The time stamp is
displayed with the lower 16 bits fixed to 0.
• When the user clock (system clock signal φ) has been selected for [Time measurement unit] in the [Trace
acquisition] dialog box, the time stamp is displayed for 32 bits in hexadecimal.
5.6.2
Specifying Trace Acquisition Conditions
• The trace will stop several cycles after a condition is satisfied.
• Six or more bus cycles are required between pass points of sequential trace stop conditions and reset
condition.
• Six or more bus cycles are required between the start and end of measurement when [1-2], [3-4], or [5-6] is
specified in [Run time count between trigger outputs] of the [Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box.
• Fifteen or more bus cycles are required between the start and end of measurement when [7-8] is specified in
[Run time count between trigger outputs] of the [Trace Acquisition Properties] dialog box.
• Six or more bus cycles are required from the start of execution to satisfaction of a trace stop mode condition.
• A sequential break or a trace stop may be incorrect when the user program is executed after the specified
address condition has been applied as the PC address to start execution.
• The Point to Point trace mode is not available when channel 1 is used for the performance analysis function.
5.6.3
Searching for a Trace Record
• When the range for searching is specified in the [General] page, a PTR value to end the search can be
specified in the [Start PTR] option, and a PTR value to start the search can be specified in the [End PTR].
• When the user clock (i.e. system clock signal φ) has been selected in [Time measurement unit] of the [Trace
Acquisition Properties] dialog box, no time stamp information will be searched.
5.6.4
Filtering Trace Records
• After the trace information is filtered, all trace information displayed in the [Trace] window is saved; a range
for saving trace information cannot be specified. To save a specific range of trace information, the filter
range must be specified in the [General] page of the [Trace Filter] dialog box.
• When the user clock (i.e. system clock signal φ) has been selected in [Time measurement unit] of the [Trace
Acquisition Properties] dialog box, no time stamp information will be filtered.
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5.7
Monitor Function
The foreground and background colors cannot be changed in some operating systems.
5.8
5.8.1
Performance Analysis Function
Errors
An error will be included in the measured performance as follows:
• ±one-resolution error (±20-ns error when the measurement resolution is 20 ns)
This error may occur when the user program execution starts or stops (breaks) or when the measurement start
or end condition is satisfied.
• Frequency stability of the crystal oscillating module for performance analysis: ±0.01%
5.8.2
Notes
• In all measurement modes, the interval between the end condition satisfaction and the next start condition
satisfaction must be longer than one-measurement-resolution time. If the interval is shorter than that, the
interval itself is included in the measured time.
• In [Time Of Specified Range Measurement], measurement stops when an instruction is fetched outside the
specified range. In [Start Point To End Point Measurement] and [Start Range To End Range Measurement],
measurement stops when the specified end condition is satisfied. When the same addresses are specified for
these modes, the time measured in [Time Of Specified Range Measurement] is longer than that measured in
[Start Point To End Point Measurement] or [Start Range To End Range Measurement].
• Execution time is measured by using address bus values in prefetch cycles. If the end address condition is
specified at an address near the instruction following a branch instruction or delayed slot instruction, correct
time cannot be measured. Check the bus trace display for the operation after the branch instruction prefetch
cycle, and specify the end address condition at the address in a prefetch cycle which will not be executed by
the branching.
• Channel 1 is not available for performance analysis when the Point to Point trace mode is selected.
• The resolution for the performance analysis function can be set in [Timer Resolution] of the [Configuration
Properties] dialog box. If the clock counter value is set as the resolution, the value shown in [RUN-TIME]
and [MAX-MIN-TIME] will be that of the clock counter (displayed in hexadecimal).
• The counter for measurement has 24 bits, and the maximum measurement time is as given below depending
on the value set in [Timer Resolution].
Table 5.8 Maximum Measurement Time
Value of [Timer Resolution]
Maximum Measurement Time
52 us
Approximately 14 minutes
1.6 us
Approximately 26 seconds
20 ns
Approximately 0.33 second
• The maximum measurement count for Access Count of Specified Range Measurement and Called Count of
Specified Range Measurement is 65,535.
138
5.9
Profiling Function
• If there is no stack information file (extension is ‘.sni’) that is output from the optimizing linkage editor, only
the functions that have been executed during the profiling data measurement are displayed. For details of the
stack information file, refer to the manual of the optimizing linkage editor.
• The stack size differs from the actual value. It should be used as a reference value during a function call. If
there is no stack information file (extension is ‘.sni’) that is output from the optimizing linkage editor, the
stack size is not displayed.
• While the profiling function is used, software break and on-emulator break, which are event functions, are
not available.
• While the profiling function is used, the parallel access function during user program execution is not
available.
• Since the profiling function internally breaks user program execution, the program is not executed in realtime.
The measured value includes an error.
• [Cycle] displays a decimal value of the counter for measurement of execution time. The resolution for the
counter for measurement of execution time can be set in [Timer Resolution] of the [Configuration Properties]
dialog box. The expression for the execution time of each function is as follows:
Execution time = Value of the [Cycle] item × Value of [Time Resolution]
• To enable the profiling function, [Enable read and write on the fly] must be unchecked in the [Configuration
Properties] dialog box.
5.10
Input Format
5.10.1
Entering Masks
Address bus conditions and data bus conditions can be input with masks. Addresses can be masked in 1-, 3-, or
4-bit units. When a bit is masked, it always satisfies the condition.
To specify a mask for an address bus condition, specify the mask value in the [Mask] area.
The mask for data conditions is similarly specified in the [Mask] area.
To specify any further mask, specify 1 for the digits to be ignored. Examples of mask specification are listed
below.
Table 5.9 Address Mask Specification
Input Value
Mask Unit
Example
Masked Bits
Binary
1 bit
B’00000111
Masks bits 0 to 2
Octal
3 bits
O’000017
Masks bits 0 to 3
Hexadecimal
4 bits
H'07FF
Masks bits 0 to 10
139
5.11
Tutorial Program
5.11.1
Notes on Operating the Tutorial Program
To operate the High-performance Embedded Workshop according to the description of section 4, Tutorial, the
following procedures must be added or modified.
Table 5.11 Notes on Operating the Tutorial Program
4.6 Executing the
Program
Reset the target MCU before executing the program. Refer to section 4.14,
Resetting the Target MCU for how to reset the target MCU.
4.12.3 Executing the
[Step Over] Command
In this product, after execution of [Step Out], execution stops at the statement where
the sort function is called. Before executing the [Step Over] command, execute the
[Step In] command once so that the execution stops at the statement where the
change function is called.
5.12
5.12.1
Memory Map
Emulation Memory
1. The emulator manages areas in the memory blocks shown in figures 5.1 and 5.2. Emulation memory and
user memory cannot coexist in a single block.
2.
When emulation memory is used in 50-MHz operation, one or more cycles are required as wait-state cycles
for access to those areas to which emulation memory is allocated. When emulation memory is used, refer to
the table below and set the number of wait cycles for the bus-state controller.
External Operating Frequency
Number of Required Wait Cycles
50 MHz
One or more
40 MHz or lower
0
5.12.2
Controlling Memory Map
The memory map is divided into the 128-kbyte, 1-Mbyte, or 2-Mbyte blocks in each CS area. The accessing
attribute can be changed in a unit of each block. For the size of blocks used for each CS area, refer to figure 5.1
or 5.2.
This emulator incorporates the 4-Mbyte emulation memory, which can be divided into 128 kbytes (x 16) and 1
Mbyte (x 2).
The emulation memory can also be set in a unit of each block (figure 5.1 or 5.2), as well as in the accessing
attribute. Some 128-kbyte emulation memory is set for the 1-Mbyte or 2-Mbyte blocks. However, the remaining
area of the allocated block cannot be used. This also applies to a case when one 1-Mbyte emulation memory is
allocated to the 2-Mbyte blocks.
140
Memory map for on-chip ROM invalid mode
H'00000000
(2M)
H'001FFFFF
H'00200000
(2M)
H'003FFFFF
H'00000000
CS0
CS0
SB0
(128K)
H'0001FFFF
H'00020000
LB0
H'00200000
(1M)
H'002FFFFF
SB1
(128K)
H'0003FFFF
LB1
H'00300000
(1M)
H'003FFFFF
SB2
H'00040000
(128K)
H'0005FFFF
SB3
H'00060000
(128K)
H'0007FFFF
H'00400000
H'00400000
LB2
(4M)
CS1
H'00500000
LB3
LB5
H'00700000
(1M)
H'007FFFFF
SB6
LB6
H'00800000
(1M)
H'008FFFFF
SB7
LB8
H'00BFFFFF
H'00C00000
LB9
CS3
(1M)
H'009FFFFF
H'00A00000
(1M)
H'00AFFFFF
H'00B00000
(1M)
H'00BFFFFF
H'000C0000
(2M)
H'00DFFFFF
H'01000000
H'00E00000
LB10
LB11
H'FFFEFFFF
(2M)
H'00FFFFFF
SB8
SB9
(128K)
H'000FFFFF
H'00100000
(128K)
H'0011FFFF
H'00120000
(128K)
H'0013FFFF
SB10
H'00140000
(128K)
H'0015FFFF
H'00160000
SB11
(128K)
H'0017FFFF
H'00180000
SB12
H'FFFF0000
(16K)
H'FFFF3FFF
H'FFFF4000
(128K)
H'000DFFFF
H'000E0000
H'00C00000
H'00FFFFFF
H'000A0000
(128K)
H'000BFFFF
H'00900000
LB7
H'00080000
(128K)
H'0009FFFF
SB5
CS2
Reserved
SB4
H'00600000
(1M)
H'006FFFFF
H'00800000
(4M)
(1M)
H'005FFFFF
LB4
H'007FFFFF
(4M)
(1M)
H'004FFFFF
On-chip RAM (for expansion)
SB13
Reserved
SB14
(128K)
H'0019FFFF
H'001A0000
(128K)
H'001BFFFF
H'001C0000
H'FFFF7FFF
H'FFFF8000
(16K)
On-chip I/O, slave I/O
H'FFFFBFFF
H'FFFFC000
(16K)
On-chip RAM
H'FFFFFFFF
(128K)
H'001DFFFF
H'001E0000
SB15
(128K)
H'001FFFFF
SB: Short block
LB: Large block
Figure 5.1 Memory Map in the Invalid On-Chip ROM Mode
141
Memory map for on-chip ROM valid mode
H'00000000
(1M)
H'000FFFFF
H'00100000
(2M)
H'001FFFFF
H'00200000
(2M)
H'003FFFFF
On-chip ROM
Reserved
SB0
CS0
SB1
H'00400000
SB2
H'00400000
LB2
(1M)
H'004FFFFF
(4M)
CS1
LB3
LB4
H'007FFFFF
H'00800000
LB5
LB6
(4M)
CS2
LB7
H'00500000
(1M)
H'005FFFFF
H'00600000
(1M)
H'006FFFFF
H'00700000
(1M)
H'007FFFFF
H'00800000
(1M)
H'008FFFFF
H'00900000
(1M)
H'009FFFFF
H'00A00000
LB8
(1M)
H'00BFFFFF
H'00C00000
(4M)
H'00FFFFFF
H'01000000
CS3
H'00AFFFFF
H'00B00000
LB9
(1M)
H'00BFFFFF
H'00C00000
LB10
(2M)
H'00DFFFFF
H'00E00000
LB11
(2M)
H'00FFFFFF
Reserved
H'FFFEFFFF
H'FFFF0000
(16K)
On-chip RAM (for expansion)
H'FFFF3FFF
H'FFFF4000
Reserved
H'FFFF7FFF
H'FFFF8000
On-chip I/O, slave I/O
(16K)
H'FFFFBFFF
H'FFFFC000
(16K)
On-chip RAM
H'FFFFFFFF
SB3
SB4
SB5
SB6
SB7
SB8
SB9
SB10
SB11
SB12
SB13
H'00200000
(128K)
H'0021FFFF
H'00220000
(128K)
H'0023FFFF
H'00240000
(128K)
H'0025FFFF
H'00260000
(128K)
H'0027FFFF
H'00280000
(128K)
H'0029FFFF
H'002A0000
(128K)
H'002BFFFF
H'002C0000
(128K)
H'002DFFFF
H'002E0000
(128K)
H'002FFFFF
H'00300000
(128K)
H'0031FFFF
H'00320000
(128K)
H'0033FFFF
H'00340000
(128K)
H'0035FFFF
H'00360000
(128K)
H'0037FFFF
H'00380000
(128K)
H'0039FFFF
H'003A0000
(128K)
H'003BFFFF
H'003C0000
(128K)
H'003DFFFF
H'003E0000
SB15
(128K)
H'003FFFFF
SB14
SB: Short block
LB: Large block
Figure 5.2 Memory Map in the Valid On-Chip ROM Mode
142
Section 6 Error Messages
6.1
6.1.1
Error Messages of the Emulator
Error Messages at Emulator Initiation
The emulator displays error messages in the format below if an error occurs at emulator initiation in the
dedicated message dialog box when the High-performance Embedded Workshop is used.
Table 6.1 lists error messages at emulator initiation.
143
Table 6.1 Error Messages at Initiation
Error Message
Description and Solution
There is no configuration file.
The configuration file that is required to initiate the emulator
cannot be found. Exit and re-install the High-performance
Embedded Workshop. Then re-connect the user system
interface cable, turn on the power of the emulator, and reinitiate the High-performance Embedded Workshop. If the
problem is not solved, contact us and describe the error
occurrence in detail.
The contents of the configuration file The configuration file that is required to initiate the emulator
are incorrect.
is invalid. Exit and re-install the High-performance Embedded
Workshop. Then re-connect the user system interface cable,
turn on the power of the emulator, and re-initiate the Highperformance Embedded Workshop. If the problem is not
solved, contact us and describe the error occurrence in
detail.
Main Board not Support (XX XX XX) The emulator power is not turned on, or the user system
interface cable is not connected. Exit the High-performance
Emulator is switched off or not
Embedded Workshop, re-connect the user system interface
connected
cable, turn on the power of the emulator, and re-initiate the
High-performance Embedded Workshop. If the problem is
not solved, contact us and describe the error occurrence in
detail.
Emulation Board not Support
(XX XX XX)
Emulator is switched off or not
connected
EVA chip Board not Support
(XX XX XX)
Emulator is switched off or not
connected
The emulator power is not turned on, or the user system
interface cable is not connected. Exit the High-performance
Embedded Workshop, re-connect the user system interface
cable, turn on the power of the emulator, and re-initiate the
High-performance Embedded Workshop. If the problem is
not solved, contact us and describe the error occurrence in
detail.
The emulator power is not turned on, or the user system
interface cable is not connected. Exit the High-performance
Embedded Workshop, re-connect the user system interface
cable, turn on the power of the emulator, and re-initiate the
High-performance Embedded Workshop. If the problem is
not solved, contact us and describe the error occurrence in
detail.
Can’t initialize G/A registers
An error occurred during the initialization of the emulator. Exit
the High-performance Embedded Workshop, re-connect the
user system interface cable, turn on the power of the
emulator, and re-initiate the High-performance Embedded
Workshop. If the problem is not solved, contact us and
describe the error occurrence in detail.
There is no effective clock source
A valid clock source cannot be found. Connect a valid clock
source.
This mode can not specify
The state of mode pins for the target board is incorrect.
Initiation is only possible in mode 4. Set the mode pins
correctly.
144
Table 6.1 Error Messages at Initiation (cont)
Error Message
Description and Solution
Can’t find firmware file
There is an error in the file that is required at emulator
initiation. Exit the High-performance Embedded Workshop,
re-connect the user system interface cable, turn on the
power of the emulator, and re-initiate the High-performance
Embedded Workshop. If the problem is not solved, contact
us and describe the error occurrence in detail.
Firmware open Error
Firmware Download Error
Firmware Name Error
Failed to receive a firmware
initialization command.
Initiation of the emulator firmware has failed. Exit the Highperformance Embedded Workshop, re-connect the user
system interface cable, turn on the power of the emulator,
and re-initiate the High-performance Embedded Workshop. If
the problem is not solved, contact us and describe the error
occurrence in detail.
Target system is Vcc down
The value of Vcc is lower than the specified threshold value.
JTAG Timeout Srval Error
Exit the High-performance Embedded Workshop, re-connect
the user system interface cable, turn on the power of the
emulator, and re-initiate the High-performance Embedded
Workshop.
JTAG Packet Receive Error
6.1.2
Error Messages during Emulation
The emulator displays error messages if an error occurs during emulation in the dedicated message dialog box
when the High-performance Embedded Workshop is used, and on the status bar. Table 6.2 lists error messages
during emulation.
Table 6.2 Error Messages during Emulation
Error Message
Description and Solution
Communication DLL error.
The power of the emulator is turned off or there is a
communication error. Exit the High-performance Embedded
Workshop, re-connect the user system interface cable, turn
on the power of the emulator, and re-initiate the Highperformance Embedded Workshop. If the problem is not
solved, contact us and describe the error occurrence in
detail.
Communication Timeout error.
Parallel Access Error
An error has occurred during a parallel access. Parallel
accesses are disabled until a break occurs.
145
146
Appendix A Menus
Table A.1 shows GUI menus.
Table A.1 GUI Menus
Toolbar
Button
Menu
Option
Shortcut
View
Command Line
Ctrl + L
Opens the [Command Line]
window.
Workspace
Alt + K
Opens the [Workspace]
window.
Output
Alt + U
Opens the [Output] window.
Disassembly
Ctrl + D
Opens the [Disassembly]
window.
CPU
Registers
Ctrl + R
Opens the [Register] window.
Memory…
Ctrl + M
Opens the [Memory] window.
IO
Ctrl + I
Opens the [IO] window.
Status
Ctrl + U
Opens the [Status] window.
Opens the [Extended Monitor]
window.
Extended Monitor
Monitor
Monitor
Setting…
Shift +
Ctrl + E
Windows
Select…
Symbol
Code
Remarks
Opens the [Monitor] window.
Opens the [Windows Select]
dialog box to list, add, or edit
the [Monitor] window.
Labels
Shift +
Ctrl + A
Opens the [Labels] window.
Watch
Ctrl + W
Opens the [Watch] window.
Locals
Shift +
Ctrl + W
Opens the [Locals] window.
Eventpoints
Ctrl + E
Opens the [Event] window.
Trace
Ctrl + T
Opens the [Trace] window.
Code Coverage...
Shift +
Ctrl + H
Opens the [Code Coverage]
window.
Data coverage...
Shift +
Ctrl + Z
Opens the [Data Coverage]
window.
Stack Trace
Ctrl + K
Opens the [Stack Trace]
window.
147
Table A.1 GUI Menus (cont)
Menu
Option
View
(cont)
Graphic
Performance
Shortcut
Toolbar
Button
Remarks
Image…
Shift +
Ctrl + G
Opens the [Image] window.
Waveform…
Shift +
Ctrl + V
Opens the [Waveform]
window.
Performance
Analysis
Shift +
Ctrl + P
Opens the [Performance
Analysis] window.
Profile
Shift +
Ctrl + F
Opens the [Profile] window.
Option
Debug
Debug Sessions…
Opens the [Debug Sessions]
dialog box to list, add, or
remove the debug session.
Debug Settings…
Opens the [Debug Settings]
dialog box to set the
debugging conditions or
download modules.
Reset CPU
Resets the target hardware
and sets the PC to the reset
vector address.
Remarks
Go
F5
Starts executing the user
program at the current PC.
Reset Go
Shift +
F5
Resets the target hardware
and executes the user
program from the reset vector
address.
Go To Cursor
Starts executing the user
program at the current PC until
the PC reaches the address
indicated by the current text
cursor position.
Set PC To Cursor
Sets the PC to the address at
the row of the text cursor.
Run…
Launches the [Run Program]
dialog box allowing the user to
enter the PC or PC breakpoint
during executing the user
program.
Display PC
148
Shortcut
Toolbar
Button
Menu
Shift+Ctrl
+Y
Opens the [Editor] or
[Disassembly] window at
the address of the PC.
Table A.1 GUI Menus (cont)
Toolbar
Button
Menu
Option
Shortcut
Debug
(cont)
Step In
F11
Executes a block of user
program before breaking.
Step Over
F10
Executes a block of user
program before breaking. If a
subroutine call is reached, then
the subroutine will not be
entered.
Step Out
Shift +
F11
Executes the user program to
reach the end of the current
function.
Step…
Step
Mode
Remarks
Launches the [Step Program]
dialog box allowing the user to
modify the settings for stepping.
Auto
Steps only one source line when
the [Editor] window is active.
When the [Disassembly] window
is active, stepping is executed in
a unit of assembly instructions.
Assembly
Executes stepping in a unit of
assembly instructions.
Source
Halt Program
Steps only one source line.
Esc
Stops the execution of the user
program.
Initialize
Disconnects the emulator and
connects it again.
Connect
Connects the emulator.
Disconnect
Disconnects the emulator.
Save Memory…
Saves the specified memory
area data to a file.
Verify Memory…
Verifies file contents against
memory contents.
Configure Overlay…
Selects the target section group
when the overlay function is
used.
Download Modules
Downloads the object program.
Unload Modules
Unloads the object program.
149
Table A.1 GUI Menus (cont)
Option
Setup
Customize…
Customize the Highperformance Embedded
Workshop application.
Options…
Sets option of the Highperformance Embedded
Workshop application.
Format Views…
Configure fonts, colors,
keywords and so on, for the
window.
Radix
Hexadecimal
Uses a hexadecimal for
displaying a radix in which the
numerical values will be
displayed and entered by
default.
Decimal
Uses a decimal for displaying a
radix in which the numerical
values will be displayed and
entered by default.
Octal
Uses an octal for displaying a
radix in which the numerical
values will be displayed and
entered by default.
Binary
Uses a binary for displaying a
radix in which the numerical
values will be displayed and
entered by default.
System…
Opens the [Configuration
Properties] dialog box allowing
the user to modify the emulator
settings.
Memory
Resource…
Opens the [Memory Mapping]
dialog box allowing the user to
view and edit the emulator 's
current memory map.
Emulator
150
Shortcut
Toolbar
Button
Menu
Remarks
Appendix B Command Lines
Table B.1 lists the High-performance Embedded Workshop commands.
Table B.1
High-performance Embedded Workshop Commands
No. Command Name
Abbreviation Function
1
!
-
Comment
2
ADD_FILE
AF
Adds a file to the current project
3
ANALYSIS
AN
Enables or disables performance analysis
4
ANALYSIS_RANGE
AR
Sets or displays a performance analysis range
5
ANALYSIS_RANGE_
DELETE
AD
Deletes a performance analysis range
6
ASSEMBLE
AS
Assembles instructions into memory
7
ASSERT
-
Checks if an expression is true or false
8
AUTO_COMPLETE
AC
Enables or disables the auto-complete function
9
BREAKPOINT_ONCHIP
BC
Displays on-chip breakpoints, sets sequential
breaks, and sets PtoP time measurement
10
BREAKPOINT_ONCHIPn BCn
Sets on-chip breakpoint of each channel
11
BREAKPOINT_ONCHIP
_CLEAR
BCC
Clears on-chip breakpoints
12
BREAKPOINT_ONCHIP
_ENABLE
BCE
Enables or disables an on-chip breakpoint
13
BREAKPOINT_
ONEMULATOR
BE
Displays on-emulator breakpoints
14
BREAKPOINT_
ONEMULATORn
BEn
Sets on-emulator breakpoint of each channel
15
BREAKPOINT_
ONEMULATOR_CLEAR
BEC
Clears on-emulator breakpoints
16
BREAKPOINT_
ONEMULATOR_
ENABLE
BEE
Enables or disables an on-emulator breakpoint
17
BREAKPOINT_
SOFTWARE
BS
Sets a software breakpoint
18
BREAKPOINT_
SOFTWARE_CLEAR
BSC
Clears software breakpoints
19
BREAKPOINT_
SOFTWARE_ENABLE
BSE
Enables or disables a software breakpoint
20
BUILD
BU
Performs a build on the current project
21
BUILD_ALL
BL
Performs a build all on the current project
22
CHANGE_
CONFIGURATION
CC
Sets the current configuration
23
CHANGE_PROJECT
CP
Sets the current project
24
CHANGE_SESSION
CS
Changes the current session
25
CLOSE_WORKSPACE
CW
Close the current workspace
26
CLOCK_MODE
CKM
Sets and displays the clock mode
27
CONFIGURE_
PLATFORM
CPF
Sets the debugging environment for the emulator
28
COVERAGE_DISPLAY
CVD
Displays coverage information
29
COVERAGE_CLEAR
CVC
Initializes coverage information
30
COVERAGE_SET
CVS
Sets or modifies coverage information
151
Table B.1
High-performance Embedded Workshop Commands (cont)
No. Command Name
Abbreviation Function
31
DEFAULT_OBJECT_
FORMAT
DO
32
DEVICE_TYPE
DE
Selects a device type to emulate
33
DISASSEMBLE
DA
Disassembles memory contents
34
EMULATOR_CLOCK
ECK
Selects the clock rate of the target MCU for the
emulator
35
ERASE
ER
Clears the [Command Line] window
36
EVALUATE
EV
Evaluates an expression
37
EXMONITOR_DISPLAY
EXMD
Displays the content of the expansion monitor
38
EXMONITOR_SET
EXMS
Selects whether or not to display the items in the
expansion monitor
39
EXMONITOR_
SETRATE
EXMSR
Sets the time to update the expansion monitor during
emulation or a break
40
FILE_LOAD
FL
Loads an object (program) file
41
FILE_SAVE
FS
Saves memory to a file
42
FILE_UNLOAD
FU
Unloads a file
43
FILE_VERIFY
FV
Verifies file contents against memory
44
GENERATE_MAKE_
FILE
GM
Creates a makefile to be built outside the Highperformance Embedded Workshop
Sets the default object (program) format
45
GO
GO
Executes user program
46
GO_RESET
GR
Executes user program from reset vector
47
GO_TILL
GT
Executes user program until temporary breakpoint
48
HALT
HA
Halts the user program
49
HELP
HE
Displays the command line help
50
INITIALIZE
IN
Initializes the debugging platform
51
JTAG_CLOCK
JCK
Sets and displays the JTAG clock (TCK)
52
LOG
LO
Controls command output logging
53
MAP_DISPLAY
MA
Displays memory mapping
54
MAP_SET
MS
Sets memory mapping
55
MEMORY_COMPARE
MC
Compares memory contents
56
MEMORY_DISPLAY
MD
Displays memory contents
57
MEMORY_EDIT
ME
Modifies memory contents
58
MEMORY_FILL
MF
Modifies the content of a memory area by specifying
data
59
MEMORY_FIND
MI
Searches for data within the memory range
60
MEMORY_MOVE
MV
Moves a block of memory
61
MEMORY_TEST
MT
Tests a block of memory
62
MODE
MO
Sets or displays the MCU mode
63
MONITOR_CLEAR
MOC
Deletes a monitor point
64
MONITOR_DISPLAY
MOD
Displays the content of the monitor
65
MONITOR_REFRESH
MOR
Controls an automatic update of the content of the
monitor
66
MONITOR_SET
MOS
Sets or displays a monitor point
67
OPEN_WORKSPACE
OW
Opens a workspace
152
Table B.1
High-performance Embedded Workshop Commands (cont)
No. Command Name
Abbreviation Function
68
PINSEL
PSL
Displays the current settings for selection of pins
69
PINSEL_xxxx
PSLxxxx
Allows settings for selection of pins (xxxx: Pin name)
70
PROFILE
PR
Enables or disables the profile
71
PROFILE_DISPLAY
PD
Displays profiling results
72
PROFILE_SAVE
PS
Saves profiling results
73
QUIT
QU
Exits High-performance Embedded Workshop
74
RADIX
RA
Sets default input radix
75
REFRESH
RF
Updates windows related to memory
76
REGISTER_DISPLAY
RD
Displays CPU register values
77
REGISTER_SET
RS
Sets CPU register contents
78
REMOVE_FILE
REM
Deletes the specified file from the current project
79
RESET
RE
Resets CPU
80
SAVE_SESSION
SE
Saves the current session
81
SLEEP
-
Delays command execution
82
STEP
ST
Steps program (by instructions or source lines)
83
STEP_MODE
SM
Sets the step mode
84
STEP_OUT
SP
Steps out of the current function
85
STEP_OVER
SO
Steps program, not stepping into functions
86
STEP_RATE
SR
Sets or displays rate of stepping
87
SUBMIT
SU
Executes a command file
88
SYMBOL_ADD
SA
Defines a symbol
89
SYMBOL_CLEAR
SC
Deletes a symbol
90
SYMBOL_LOAD
SL
Loads a symbol information file
91
SYMBOL_SAVE
SS
Saves a symbol information file
92
SYMBOL_VIEW
SV
Displays symbols
93
STATUS
STS
The content of the [Platform] sheet in the [Status]
window is displayed.
Saves the current workspace
94
SAVE_WORKSPACE
SW
95
TCL
-
Enables or disables the TCL
96
TIMER
TI
Sets or displays the timer resolution
97
TOOL_INFORMATION
TO
Outputs information on the currently registered tool to
a file
98
TRACE
TR
Displays trace information
99
TRACE_ACQUISITION
TA
Sets or displays trace acquisition parameters
100 TRACE_ACQUISITIONn TAn
Sets PtoP point and each channel for trace
acquisition conditions
101 TRACE_ACQUISITION
_CLEAR
TAC
Deletes trace acquisition parameters
102 TRACE_BINARY_
COMPARE
TBC
Compares a trace binary file with the current trace
information
103 TRACE_BINARY_SAVE
TBV
Outputs trace information into a binary file
153
Table B.1
High-performance Embedded Workshop Commands (cont)
No. Command Name
Abbreviation Function
104 TRACE_FILTER
TF
105 TRACE_SAVE
TV
Outputs trace information into a file
106 TRACE_STATISTIC
TST
Analyzes statistic information
107 UPDATE_ALL_
DEPENDENCIES
UD
Updates dependencies of the current project
108 USER_SIGNALS
US
Enables or disables the user signal information
109 WATCH_ADD
WA
Filters trace information
Adds a watch item
110 WATCH_AUTO_UPDATE WU
Selects or cancels automatic update of watch items
111 WATCH_DELETE
WD
Deletes a watch item
112 WATCH_DISPLAY
WI
Displays the contents of the Watch window
113 WATCH_EDIT
WE
Edits the value of a watch item
114 WATCH_EXPAND
WX
Expands or collapses a watch item
115 WATCH_RADIX
WR
Changes the radix of a watch item to be displayed
116 WATCH_SAVE
WS
Saves the contents of the Watch window to a file
For the syntax of each command, refer to the online help.
154
Renesas Microcomputer Development Environment System
User's Manual
SH7046 E6000H Emulator
Publication Date: Rev.4.00, October 21, 2005
Published by:
Sales Strategic Planning Div.
Renesas Technology Corp.
Edited by:
Customer Support Department
Global Strategic Communication Div.
Renesas Solutions Corp.
© 2005. Renesas Technology Corp., All rights reserved. Printed in Japan.
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Colophon 4.0
SH7046 E6000H Emulator
User’s Manual
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