Airmar | PB100 | Sensing a change in the weather.

Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
PB100
Sensing a change
in the weather.
Seven Essential Weather Readings With
No Moving Parts!
The Airmar Ultrasonic WeatherStation™ Instrument detects
instantaneous changes in the weather. Our
WeatherCaster™ Software allows you to have your own
personal weatherman on-board the boat, 24 hours a day,
7 days a week!
Before Leaving the Dock—Make the decision
whether or not to spend your day on the water. Anticipate
weather fronts by checking the wind speed and direction,
temperature, and barometric pressure. Check the weather
history graphs as the WeatherCaster™ Software can store
readings for up to 72 hours.
Underway—Monitor up-to-the-minute weather
conditions at your location. See where and when the fish
will bite best, based on wind conditions and a rising or
falling barometer.
Docking—The on-board PC or chartplotter can display
true wind data to make docking a vessel in high wind a
breeze.
WeatherCaster™ Software—Easy-to-use multiple
screen views and backgrounds to fit your needs. The
wind-tunnel tested, compact sensor with removable cable
makes for a simple installation. The built-in WAAS GPS can
serve as a primary position source or backup to your
electronics suite.
• True wind speed and direction
• Apparent wind speed and direction
• Internal WAAS GPS
• Two-axis solid-state compass—
no moving parts
• Pitch and roll
• Barometric pressure
• Relative humidity
• Air temperature
• Wind chill temperature
• Dew point temperature
WeatherCaster™ Software digital screen
• Heat index temperature
• NMEA 0183 output
Every Airmar WeatherStation™ Instrument is calibrated in our
on-site wind tunnel, whose wind measurements are traceable
to a National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Standard Reference Material.
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
PB100
Technical Information
0 to 80 knots
(0 to 92 MPH)
Wind Speed Resolution
Wind Speed Accuracy
@ 0°C to -40°C
(0°F to -40°F),
no precipitation
Wind Speed Accuracy
in wet conditions
Wind Direction Range
Wind Direction Resolution
Wind Direction Accuracy
@ 0°C to -40°C
(0°F to -40°F), no
precipitation
Wind Direction Accuracy
in wet conditions
Operating Temperature
Range
Temperature Accuracy
0.1 knot (0.1 MPH)
Temperature Resolution
2 knots RMS (2.3 MPH)
or ±4%, whichever is
greater
5 knots RMS (5.7 MPH)
0° to 360°
0.1°
2° RMS
Compass Accuracy
3° RMS static heading
(no magnetic
interference and level)
Barometric Pressure
Range
850 to 1050 mbar
(25 to 34 inHg,
850 to 1150 hPa)
Barometric Pressure
Accuracy
±20 hPa (±0.59 inHg,
±20 mbar) when
altitude correction is
available
Relative Humidity Range
Relative Humidity Accuracy
Supply Voltage
Weight
Power Consumption
10% to 95% RH
Sensor Baud Rate
4800 bps can be
increased to 38,400 bps
with a command
Thread Size
1”-14 standard marine
mount
5° RMS
-25°C to 55°C
(-13°F to 131°F)
±1.5°C (±2.7°F)
@ >4 knots (4.6 MPH)
wind
±4% Units RH
10 VDC to 16 VDC
285 grams (0.7 lb)
<100 mA in normal
operation (up to 650 mA
with heater)
0.1°C (0.1°F)
* Below 0°C (32°F), the wind speed and direction may be less accurate.
** When wind speed is less than 4 knots (4.6 MPH) and/or heater is on, temperature and humidity readings will be
less accurate.
*** Wet conditions include moisture, rain, snow and/or sea spray on the blue plate.
Options
• Converter interface provides plug and play compatibility with a PC
Direct plug
connection
Via USB
10 meters or
15 meters
• Optional Combiner interface allows the WeatherStation™ Instrument data to
be displayed simultaneously on both a PC and an NMEA device
• Connect an Airmar Smart™ Sensor
to also get water depth, speed, and
temperature data
NMEA/USB Converter WeatherStation™
Instrument
Wind Speed Range
Dimensions
ø 72 mm (2.83”)
88 mm
(3.46”)
42 mm
(1.67”)
ø 44 mm
(1.74”)
•Standard 1”-14 standard
marine mount connection
accommodates existing
mounting hardware.
75 mm
(2.97”)
92 mm
(3.62”)
52 mm (2.05”)
40 mm
(1.59”)
101.6 mm
(4.00”)
Combiner
Specifications*
57.5 mm
(2.27”)
127.0 mm (5.00”)
Data Output Protocol
NMEA 0183 Sentence Structure
$WIMWV . . .Wind Speed and Angle
$WIMWD . . .Wind Direction and Speed
$WIMDA . . .Meteorological Composite
$WIVWR . . .Relative Wind Direction/Speed
$WIVWT . . .True Wind Direction/Speed
$WIXDR . . .Transducer Measurements
$YXXDR(A) .Temperature/Pressure Transducer
Measurement
$YXXDR(B) .Attitude Transducer Measurements
$GPGGA . . .GPS Fix Data
$GPGLL . . . .Geographic Position L/L
$GPGSA . . . .GNSS DOP/Active Satellites
$GPGSV . . . .Satellites in View
$GPRMC . . .Recommended Minimum GNSS
$GPZDA . . .Time and Date
$GPVTG . . . .COG and SOG
$HCHDG . . .Heading, Deviation, Variation
©Airmar Technology Corporation
As Airmar constantly improves its products, all specifications are subject to
change without notice. All Airmar products are designed to provide high levels
of accuracy and reliability; however, they should only be used as aids to
navigation and not as a replacement for traditional navigation aids and
techniques.
PB100_rC
09/26/07
Tel: 603.673.9570 • Fax: 603.673.4624 • www.airmar.com
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
LB100
Technical Information
0 to 92 MPH
(0 to 148 KPH)
Wind Speed Resolution
Wind Speed Accuracy
@ 0°C to -40°C
(0°F to -40°F),
no precipitation
Wind Speed Accuracy
in wet conditions
Wind Direction Range
Wind Direction Resolution
Wind Direction Accuracy
@ 0°C to -40°C
(0°F to -40°F), no
precipitation
Wind Direction Accuracy
in wet conditions
Operating Temperature
Range
Temperature Accuracy
0.1 MPH (0.1 KPH)
Temperature Resolution
2.3 MPH RMS (3.7 KPH)
or ±4%, whichever is
greater
5 MPH RMS (8 KPH)
0° to 360°
0.1°
2° RMS
Compass Accuracy
3° RMS static heading
(no magnetic
interference and level)
Barometric Pressure
Range
850 to 1050 mbar
(25 to 34 inHg,
850 to 1150 hPa)
Barometric Pressure
Accuracy
±20 hPa (±0.59 inHg,
±20 mbar) when
altitude correction is
available
Relative Humidity Range
Relative Humidity Accuracy
Supply Voltage
Weight
Power Consumption
10% to 95% RH
Sensor Baud Rate
4800 bps can be
increased to 38,400 bps
with a command
5° RMS
-25°C to 55°C
(-13°F to 131°F)
±1.5°C (±2.7°F)
@ >5 MPH (8 KPH)
wind
LB100
Preliminary
Dimensions
Specifications*
Wind Speed Range
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
Thread Size
WeatherStation™ Instrument
ø 72 mm (2.83”)
Actual size
88 mm
(3.46”)
±4% Units RH
42 mm
(1.67”)
10 VDC to 16 VDC
285 grams (0.7 lb)
ø 44 mm
(1.74”)
<100 mA in normal
operation (up to 650 mA
with heater)
USB Converter
1-14” UNF, 3/4” NPT
0.1°C (0.1°F)
75 mm
(2.97”)
92 mm
(3.62”)
* Below 0°C (32°F), the wind speed and direction may be less accurate.
** When wind speed is less than 4 knots (4.6 MPH) and/or heater is on, temperature and humidity readings will be less accurate.
*** Wet conditions include moisture, rain, snow and/or sea spray on the blue plate.
Real-Time, Site Specific Weather Information
52 mm (2.05”)
Sensor Provides
Apparent Wind Speed
And Direction
Ultrasonic anemometer
Air Temperature
Based on a negative temperature coefficient
thermistor that measures the ambient air
temperature.
Relative Humidity
Measured with a capacitive cell humidity sensor.
Barometric Pressure
Measured using a temperature-compensated silicon
piezoresistive pressure sensor.
Magnetic Compass Heading
Two-axis magneto-inductive sensors
Pitch And Roll Angles
Three-axis MEMS accelerometer
Position, Speed And
Course Over Ground
Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver
7 essential weather
sensors in one
compact unit.
40 mm
(1.59”)
Data Output Protocol
NMEA 0183 Sentence Structure
$GPRMC . . . . . .Recommended
$WIMWV . . . . .Wind Speed and Angle
$WIMWD . . . . .Wind Direction and Speed
Minimum GNSS
$WIMDA . . . . . .Meteorological Composite
$GPVTG . . . . . .COG and SOG
$WIXDR . . . . . .Wind Chill Temperature
$HCHDG . . . . . .Heading, Deviation,
$GPGGA . . . . . .GPS Fix Data
Variation
$GPGLL . . . . . .Geographic Position L/L
Materials
Airmar’s Ultrasonic WeatherStation™ Instrument meets
a growing need for businesses requiring real-time, site
specific weather information. Accurate data helps
organizations make important decisions regarding
weather conditions that affect safety and operations.
Traditional weather instrumentation is composed of
several individual sensors including wind cups, which
are prone to breaking and are less accurate at low
speeds. Airmar’s WeatherStation™ Instrument
incorporates seven sensors, with no moving parts, all
in one compact unit.
• True wind speed and
direction
• Apparent wind speed and
direction
• Barometric pressure
• Relative humidity
• Air temperature
• Wind chill temperature
• Dew point temperature
• Internal WAAS GPS
• NMEA 0183 output
• Low maintenance
White Housing
GE® Geloy®
Blue Plate
Anodized Aluminum
Wind Channel
Dupont™ Delrin®
• No moving parts
• Two-year warranty
©Airmar Technology Corporation
All Airmar products are designed to provide high levels of accuracy and
reliability. As Airmar constantly improves its products, all specifications are
subject to change without notice.
LB100_rC
09/26/07
Tel: 603.673.9570 • Fax: 603.673.4624 • www.airmar.com
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
LB100
The Airmar WeatherStation™ Instrument is the only all-in-one
weather sensor that calculates apparent wind speed and
direction, barometric pressure, air temperature, relative
humidity, dew point and wind chill temperature. With the
optional internal compass and Global Positioning System, true
wind speed and direction can also be calculated. The UV
stabilized, compact housing is fully waterproof and resistant to
chemicals.
The WeatherStation™ Instrument comes with our intuitive
WeatherCaster™ Software. Data can be viewed in both digital
and analog format and can be saved for a set period of time.
The log time can be adjusted in intervals from 6 to 72 hours.
Standard NMEA sentences and an RS485 interface allows for
the flexibility of designing your own software program to fit
your specific application. Our comprehensive technical manual
makes the job easy!
Software updates are available on Airmar’s website:
www.airmar.com
Airmar’s WeatherStation™ Instrument utilizes a standard 1-14”
UNS thread connection to accommodate standard mounting
hardware. The waterproof base connector assures trouble-free
installation and servicing, while a quick disconnect feature
allows for easy removal. Standard cable lengths of 10 m or 15 m
(33’ or 49’) allow you to simply connect the sensor to the
optional USB Converter Box. The converter allows the
WeatherStation™ Instrument measurements to be displayed on
a PC by converting the data from RS485/NMEA 0183 to USB.
LB100
Applications
WeatherStation™ Instrument
Airmar Ultrasonic WeatherStation™ Instrument
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
still. Similarly, whenever the wind is blowing in the opposite
direction, the pulse will arrive later than if the air is still. The four
transducers take turns in sending and receiving pulses to cover
all eventualities of wind direction. A built-in microprocessor
combines the measurements from all four transducers to
calculate the resultant wind speed and direction. The sensor
monitors the air temperature, to compensate for the fact that
the speed of sound in air changes with temperature. (The
aluminum plate heats up to prevent frost and moisture from
altering the wind readings.) Flow disturbances caused by the
five posts are compensated for in software. Each
WeatherStation™ Instrument is calibrated in Airmar’s wind
tunnel to provide compensation for variations in production as
well as asymmetry in the airflow channel.
The Airmar WeatherStation™ Instrument makes accurate and reliable weather data available to a wide-range of applications such as:
Agriculture
Chemical processing
Greenhouse
Hazardous response
Marine
Offshore platforms and docks
Outdoor leisure centers
Recreation vehicles
Road weather monitoring
Structural monitoring
The WeatherStation™ Instrument has the unique ability to
display both true and apparent wind. True wind is the actual
motion of the air relative to the earth. Apparent wind is the
wind which an observer experiences while moving or on a
moving vehicle. It is the result of these two motions—the actual
motion of the air (the true wind) and the motion of the vehicle.
If the vehicle is not moving, then the true and apparent wind
will be the same.
Ultrasonic
transducer
Wind
channel
Connecting a WeatherStation™ Instrument to the PC
1
3
4
Metal plate
When connecting the WeatherStation™ Instrument to a PC only, a USB converter is required. The WeatherStation™ Instrument
attaches to the USB box via a plug-in cable.
2
State-of-the-Art Wind Tunnel
Every Airmar WeatherStation™ Instrument is calibrated in
our on-site wind tunnel, whose wind measurements are
traceable to a National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material.
Figure 1
How the WeatherStation™ Instrument Works
The ultrasonic wind sensor (an ultrasonic anemometer)
measures apparent wind speed and direction. The
WeatherStation™ Instrument contains four ultrasonic
transducers, visible through the four holes in the top of the
sensor’s wind channel (see figure 1). These transducers operate
in pairs—one transducer injects a pulse into the air, and the
other (directly opposite to it) listens for the arrival of that pulse
(see figure 2). Each pulse bounces off the anodized aluminum
plate at the bottom of the wind channel and is carried by the
wind to arrive at the opposing transducer a short time later.
When there is no wind, the pulse travels at the speed of sound
from the sender to the receiver. Whenever the wind is blowing
in that direction, the pulse will arrive sooner than if the air is
Arrow indicates the direction
from transmit to receive.
Direct plug connection
Figure 2
10 meters or 15 meters
Data can be displayed in the following units of measure:
Wind Speed
• MPH—miles per hour
• Knots—1 knot = 1.15 miles MPH
• KPH—kilometers per hour
Barometric Pressure
• inHg—inches of mercury
• mbars—mill bars
Temperature
• °F—Fahrenheit
• °C—Celsius
Via USB
LB100
The USB converter allows the WeatherStation™ Instrument data to be effortlessly converted and sent to the PC.
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
LB100
The Airmar WeatherStation™ Instrument is the only all-in-one
weather sensor that calculates apparent wind speed and
direction, barometric pressure, air temperature, relative
humidity, dew point and wind chill temperature. With the
optional internal compass and Global Positioning System, true
wind speed and direction can also be calculated. The UV
stabilized, compact housing is fully waterproof and resistant to
chemicals.
The WeatherStation™ Instrument comes with our intuitive
WeatherCaster™ Software. Data can be viewed in both digital
and analog format and can be saved for a set period of time.
The log time can be adjusted in intervals from 6 to 72 hours.
Standard NMEA sentences and an RS485 interface allows for
the flexibility of designing your own software program to fit
your specific application. Our comprehensive technical manual
makes the job easy!
Software updates are available on Airmar’s website:
www.airmar.com
Airmar’s WeatherStation™ Instrument utilizes a standard 1-14”
UNS thread connection to accommodate standard mounting
hardware. The waterproof base connector assures trouble-free
installation and servicing, while a quick disconnect feature
allows for easy removal. Standard cable lengths of 10 m or 15 m
(33’ or 49’) allow you to simply connect the sensor to the
optional USB Converter Box. The converter allows the
WeatherStation™ Instrument measurements to be displayed on
a PC by converting the data from RS485/NMEA 0183 to USB.
LB100
Applications
WeatherStation™ Instrument
Airmar Ultrasonic WeatherStation™ Instrument
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
still. Similarly, whenever the wind is blowing in the opposite
direction, the pulse will arrive later than if the air is still. The four
transducers take turns in sending and receiving pulses to cover
all eventualities of wind direction. A built-in microprocessor
combines the measurements from all four transducers to
calculate the resultant wind speed and direction. The sensor
monitors the air temperature, to compensate for the fact that
the speed of sound in air changes with temperature. (The
aluminum plate heats up to prevent frost and moisture from
altering the wind readings.) Flow disturbances caused by the
five posts are compensated for in software. Each
WeatherStation™ Instrument is calibrated in Airmar’s wind
tunnel to provide compensation for variations in production as
well as asymmetry in the airflow channel.
The Airmar WeatherStation™ Instrument makes accurate and reliable weather data available to a wide-range of applications such as:
Agriculture
Chemical processing
Greenhouse
Hazardous response
Marine
Offshore platforms and docks
Outdoor leisure centers
Recreation vehicles
Road weather monitoring
Structural monitoring
The WeatherStation™ Instrument has the unique ability to
display both true and apparent wind. True wind is the actual
motion of the air relative to the earth. Apparent wind is the
wind which an observer experiences while moving or on a
moving vehicle. It is the result of these two motions—the actual
motion of the air (the true wind) and the motion of the vehicle.
If the vehicle is not moving, then the true and apparent wind
will be the same.
Ultrasonic
transducer
Wind
channel
Connecting a WeatherStation™ Instrument to the PC
1
3
4
Metal plate
When connecting the WeatherStation™ Instrument to a PC only, a USB converter is required. The WeatherStation™ Instrument
attaches to the USB box via a plug-in cable.
2
State-of-the-Art Wind Tunnel
Every Airmar WeatherStation™ Instrument is calibrated in
our on-site wind tunnel, whose wind measurements are
traceable to a National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material.
Figure 1
How the WeatherStation™ Instrument Works
The ultrasonic wind sensor (an ultrasonic anemometer)
measures apparent wind speed and direction. The
WeatherStation™ Instrument contains four ultrasonic
transducers, visible through the four holes in the top of the
sensor’s wind channel (see figure 1). These transducers operate
in pairs—one transducer injects a pulse into the air, and the
other (directly opposite to it) listens for the arrival of that pulse
(see figure 2). Each pulse bounces off the anodized aluminum
plate at the bottom of the wind channel and is carried by the
wind to arrive at the opposing transducer a short time later.
When there is no wind, the pulse travels at the speed of sound
from the sender to the receiver. Whenever the wind is blowing
in that direction, the pulse will arrive sooner than if the air is
Arrow indicates the direction
from transmit to receive.
Direct plug connection
Figure 2
10 meters or 15 meters
Data can be displayed in the following units of measure:
Wind Speed
• MPH—miles per hour
• Knots—1 knot = 1.15 miles MPH
• KPH—kilometers per hour
Barometric Pressure
• inHg—inches of mercury
• mbars—mill bars
Temperature
• °F—Fahrenheit
• °C—Celsius
Via USB
LB100
The USB converter allows the WeatherStation™ Instrument data to be effortlessly converted and sent to the PC.
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
LB100
Technical Information
0 to 92 MPH
(0 to 148 KPH)
Wind Speed Resolution
Wind Speed Accuracy
@ 0°C to -40°C
(0°F to -40°F),
no precipitation
Wind Speed Accuracy
in wet conditions
Wind Direction Range
Wind Direction Resolution
Wind Direction Accuracy
@ 0°C to -40°C
(0°F to -40°F), no
precipitation
Wind Direction Accuracy
in wet conditions
Operating Temperature
Range
Temperature Accuracy
0.1 MPH (0.1 KPH)
Temperature Resolution
2.3 MPH RMS (3.7 KPH)
or ±4%, whichever is
greater
5 MPH RMS (8 KPH)
0° to 360°
0.1°
2° RMS
Compass Accuracy
3° RMS static heading
(no magnetic
interference and level)
Barometric Pressure
Range
850 to 1050 mbar
(25 to 34 inHg,
850 to 1150 hPa)
Barometric Pressure
Accuracy
±20 hPa (±0.59 inHg,
±20 mbar) when
altitude correction is
available
Relative Humidity Range
Relative Humidity Accuracy
Supply Voltage
Weight
Power Consumption
10% to 95% RH
Sensor Baud Rate
4800 bps can be
increased to 38,400 bps
with a command
5° RMS
-25°C to 55°C
(-13°F to 131°F)
±1.5°C (±2.7°F)
@ >5 MPH (8 KPH)
wind
LB100
Preliminary
Dimensions
Specifications*
Wind Speed Range
Ultrasonic
WeatherStation™
Instrument
Thread Size
WeatherStation™ Instrument
ø 72 mm (2.83”)
Actual size
88 mm
(3.46”)
±4% Units RH
42 mm
(1.67”)
10 VDC to 16 VDC
285 grams (0.7 lb)
ø 44 mm
(1.74”)
<100 mA in normal
operation (up to 650 mA
with heater)
USB Converter
1-14” UNF, 3/4” NPT
0.1°C (0.1°F)
75 mm
(2.97”)
92 mm
(3.62”)
* Below 0°C (32°F), the wind speed and direction may be less accurate.
** When wind speed is less than 4 knots (4.6 MPH) and/or heater is on, temperature and humidity readings will be less accurate.
*** Wet conditions include moisture, rain, snow and/or sea spray on the blue plate.
Real-Time, Site Specific Weather Information
52 mm (2.05”)
Sensor Provides
Apparent Wind Speed
And Direction
Ultrasonic anemometer
Air Temperature
Based on a negative temperature coefficient
thermistor that measures the ambient air
temperature.
Relative Humidity
Measured with a capacitive cell humidity sensor.
Barometric Pressure
Measured using a temperature-compensated silicon
piezoresistive pressure sensor.
Magnetic Compass Heading
Two-axis magneto-inductive sensors
Pitch And Roll Angles
Three-axis MEMS accelerometer
Position, Speed And
Course Over Ground
Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver
7 essential weather
sensors in one
compact unit.
40 mm
(1.59”)
Data Output Protocol
NMEA 0183 Sentence Structure
$GPRMC . . . . . .Recommended
$WIMWV . . . . .Wind Speed and Angle
$WIMWD . . . . .Wind Direction and Speed
Minimum GNSS
$WIMDA . . . . . .Meteorological Composite
$GPVTG . . . . . .COG and SOG
$WIXDR . . . . . .Wind Chill Temperature
$HCHDG . . . . . .Heading, Deviation,
$GPGGA . . . . . .GPS Fix Data
Variation
$GPGLL . . . . . .Geographic Position L/L
Materials
Airmar’s Ultrasonic WeatherStation™ Instrument meets
a growing need for businesses requiring real-time, site
specific weather information. Accurate data helps
organizations make important decisions regarding
weather conditions that affect safety and operations.
Traditional weather instrumentation is composed of
several individual sensors including wind cups, which
are prone to breaking and are less accurate at low
speeds. Airmar’s WeatherStation™ Instrument
incorporates seven sensors, with no moving parts, all
in one compact unit.
• True wind speed and
direction
• Apparent wind speed and
direction
• Barometric pressure
• Relative humidity
• Air temperature
• Wind chill temperature
• Dew point temperature
• Internal WAAS GPS
• NMEA 0183 output
• Low maintenance
White Housing
GE® Geloy®
Blue Plate
Anodized Aluminum
Wind Channel
Dupont™ Delrin®
• No moving parts
• Two-year warranty
©Airmar Technology Corporation
All Airmar products are designed to provide high levels of accuracy and
reliability. As Airmar constantly improves its products, all specifications are
subject to change without notice.
LB100_rC
09/26/07
Tel: 603.673.9570 • Fax: 603.673.4624 • www.airmar.com
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