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LA30 N /LA30 W Companion Printer
TM
Service Manual
Order Number: ER-LA30N-SV-003
LA30N/LA30W Companion Printer
Service Manual
Digital Equipment Corporation
Maynard, Massachusetts
REVISION RECORD
Edition
001
002
003
Date published
January 1996
July 1996
June 1997
Page
–
–
P.4-17,
19, 20,
and 27
and
P.6-2
Revised contents
First issue
LA30W included
Replacement of power supply and ROM
board (cabling and mask ROM mounting)
revised
Replacement of ribbon feed assy added
Recommended Spare Parts List revised
Specification No. ER-LA30N-SV
The contents of this manual may be revised without prior notice.
All Rights Reserved, Copyright © 1996, 1997 Digital Equipment Corporation. Printed in Ireland.
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form without permission.
PREFACE
This manual is for engineers who operate, install, or maintain the LA30N/LA30W Companion Printer. The
topics covered are:
Chapter 1: Printer specifications, performance, and configuration
Chapter 2: Unpacking, performance check, and connection
Chapter 3: Troubleshooting
Chapter 4: Maintenance
Chapter 5: Principles of operation
Chapter 6: Spare parts
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 PRINTER SPECIFICATIONS, PERFORMANCE, AND CONFIGURATION ............ 1-1
1.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.2 Equipment Structure .................................................................................................................................. 1-2
1.2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................................. 1-2
1.2.2 Model configuration ............................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.2.3 Structure .............................................................................................................................................. 1-3
(1)
Upper cover assembly ................................................................................................................ 1-4
(2)
Printing mechanism assembly .................................................................................................... 1-5
(3)
Lower cover assembly ............................................................................................................... 1-6
CHAPTER 2 UNPACKING, PERFORMANCE CHECK, AND CONNECTION ................................ 2-1
2.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 Notes on Installation .................................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.3 Unpacking .................................................................................................................................................. 2-2
2.4 Inspection after Unpacking ........................................................................................................................ 2-4
CHAPTER 3 TROUBLESHOOTING ........................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1 All Indicators Don’t Light ......................................................................................................................... 3-4
3.2 No Print Head Movement .......................................................................................................................... 3-6
3.3 Incorrect Printing due to Defective Nonvolatile RAM ............................................................................. 3-9
3.4 Printing Quality Abnormal ........................................................................................................................ 3-10
3.5 Forms Feed Abnormal ............................................................................................................................... 3-13
3.6 Error Display ............................................................................................................................................. 3-15
CHAPTER 4 MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 Notes on Use .............................................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.3 Maintenance Tools .................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.4 Maintenance Levels ................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.5 Preventive Maintenance ............................................................................................................................ 4-2
4.6 Parts Drawings ........................................................................................................................................... 4-3
4.7 Parts That Must Not Be Disassembled ...................................................................................................... 4-4
4.8 Level 1 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................. 4-5
i
4.9 Level 2 Maintenance ................................................................................................................................. 4-6
4.9.1 Parts replacement ................................................................................................................................ 4-6
(1)
Acoustic cover replacement ....................................................................................................... 4-7
(2)
Tractor unit replacement ............................................................................................................ 4-8
(3)
Cover replacement, including platen knob ................................................................................ 4-11
(4) Control panel replacement ......................................................................................................... 4-15
(5)
Printing mechanism replacement ............................................................................................... 4-16
(6)
Power supply and fuse replacement ........................................................................................... 4-17
(7)
RS-423 board replacement ......................................................................................................... 4-18
(8)
ROM board (control board) replacement ................................................................................... 4-19
(9)
Platen roll assembly replacement ............................................................................................... 4-21
(10) Paper feed motor (LF motor) replacement ................................................................................ 4-22
(11) Space motor (SP motor) assembly replacement ........................................................................ 4-23
(12) Sensor T replacement ................................................................................................................. 4-24
(13) Carriage unit replacement .......................................................................................................... 4-25
(14) Print head and ribbon feed assembly replacement ..................................................................... 4-27
(15) Gear assembly replacement ....................................................................................................... 4-28
(16) Paper feeder assembly replacement ........................................................................................... 4-29
(17) Card guide replacement ............................................................................................................. 4-30
(18) Ribbon shift unit (color kit) replacement ................................................................................... 4-31
4.9.2 Adjustment .......................................................................................................................................... 4-32
(1)
Print head gap adjustment .......................................................................................................... 4-32
(2)
Vertical alignment ...................................................................................................................... 4-34
(3)
Top-of-forms adjustment (factory use) ...................................................................................... 4-36
4.9.3 Lubrication .......................................................................................................................................... 4-37
(1)
Ribbon drive assembly ............................................................................................................... 4-38
(2)
Color ribbon shift motor (option) .............................................................................................. 4-39
(3)
LF gear bearing and continuous/single lever ............................................................................. 4-40
(4)
Back cover assembly .................................................................................................................. 4-41
(5)
Paper feed roller shaft ................................................................................................................ 4-42
(6)
Shaft ........................................................................................................................................... 4-43
(7)
Stay shaft .................................................................................................................................... 4-44
(8)
Front and top covers (LA30N) ................................................................................................... 4-45
(9)
Front and top covers (LA30W) .................................................................................................. 4-46
(10) Sheet guide assembly ................................................................................................................ 4-47
ii
4.10 Diagnostics .............................................................................................................................................. 4-48
4.10.1 Self-test printing ................................................................................................................................ 4-48
(1)
Starting self-test printing ............................................................................................................ 4-48
(2)
Checking printer performance ................................................................................................... 4-49
(3)
Stopping self-test printing .......................................................................................................... 4-49
4.10.2 Hex dump .......................................................................................................................................... 4-50
(1)
Starting hex dump printing ........................................................................................................ 4-50
(2)
Stopping hex dump printing ....................................................................................................... 4-50
4.10.3 Control panel maintenance functions initiated when power goes on ................................................ 4-51
CHAPTER 5 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION .......................................................................................... 5-1
5.1 Overview ................................................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 Mechanical Operation ............................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.2.1 Print head drive ................................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.2.2 Carriage drive ...................................................................................................................................... 5-3
5.2.3 Ribbon feed ......................................................................................................................................... 5-4
5.2.4 Paper feed ............................................................................................................................................ 5-5
(1)
Continuous forms feeding .......................................................................................................... 5-6
(2)
Cut-sheet feeding ....................................................................................................................... 5-8
(3)
Paper selection ........................................................................................................................... 5-9
(4)
Autoloading ................................................................................................................................ 5-10
(5)
Paper end detection .................................................................................................................... 5-11
5.2.5 Print head gap control (paper thickness adjustment) .......................................................................... 5-14
5.2.6 Color ribbon shift motor (option) ........................................................................................................ 5-15
5.2.7 Option detection mechanism ............................................................................................................... 5-16
5.3 Electrical Operation ................................................................................................................................... 5-17
5.3.1 System configuration .......................................................................................................................... 5-17
(1)
Printer control board (ROM board) ............................................................................................ 5-19
(2)
Power supply unit ...................................................................................................................... 5-19
(3)
Sensors ....................................................................................................................................... 5-19
(4)
Control panel .............................................................................................................................. 5-19
5.3.2 Main controller .................................................................................................................................... 5-23
5.3.3 Interface control .................................................................................................................................. 5-25
(1)
Centronics parallel interface ...................................................................................................... 5-25
(2)
RS-423 serial interface ............................................................................................................... 5-26
5.3.4 Carriage motor control ........................................................................................................................ 5-27
5.3.5 Print head control ................................................................................................................................ 5-31
5.3.6 Paper feed control ............................................................................................................................... 5-33
iii
5.3.7 Ribbon shift control ............................................................................................................................ 5-35
5.3.8 Fire check control ................................................................................................................................ 5-37
(1)
Short-mode detection ............................................................................................................... 5-37
(2)
Long-mode detection ............................................................................................................... 5-37
5.3.9 Control panel control .......................................................................................................................... 5-39
5.3.10 Power supply ..................................................................................................................................... 5-40
(1)
Surge current prevention .......................................................................................................... 5-40
(2)
Rectifying and smoothing ........................................................................................................ 5-40
(3)
Main voltage regulation switching .......................................................................................... 5-42
(4) Protection ................................................................................................................................. 5-42
(5)
External signal ......................................................................................................................... 5-44
5.4 Firmware Overview ................................................................................................................................... 5-45
CHAPTER 6
iv
RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS .................................................................................... 6-1
ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure 1.1
LA30N and LA30W printers ......................................................................................................... 1-1
Figure 1.2 Printer component structure ........................................................................................................... 1-3
Figure 1.3
Upper cover assembly (LA30N) .................................................................................................... 1-5
Figure 1.4 Printer lower assembly (LA30N) ................................................................................................... 1-6
Figure 2.1
Unpacking the printer and accessories ........................................................................................... 2-2
Figure 2.2
Removing the print head shipping restraint (cardboard) ............................................................... 2-3
Figure 2.3
Removing the bail stopper and four tapes ...................................................................................... 2-3
Figure 2.4 Installing the cut-sheet stand .......................................................................................................... 2-4
Figure 3.1 Printer functional block diagram .................................................................................................... 3-2
Figure 4.1 Basic components .......................................................................................................................... 4-3
Figure 4.2
Location of parts that must not be disassembled ........................................................................... 4-4
Figure 4.3 Cleaning and lubrication ................................................................................................................ 4-5
Figure 5.1 Function sequence .......................................................................................................................... 5-1
Figure 5.2
Print head ....................................................................................................................................... 5-2
Figure 5.3 Carriage drive ................................................................................................................................. 5-3
Figure 5.4
Ribbon feed .................................................................................................................................... 5-4
Figure 5.5
Paper feed path ............................................................................................................................... 5-5
Figure 5.6 Continuous form feeding (push-feed tractor) ................................................................................. 5-6
Figure 5.7 Continuous form feeding (pull-feed tractor) .................................................................................. 5-7
Figure 5.8 Cut-sheet feeding ........................................................................................................................... 5-8
Figure 5.9 Paper selection ............................................................................................................................... 5-9
Figure 5.10 Autoloading .................................................................................................................................. 5-10
Figure 5.11 Paper end detection (cut sheet) .................................................................................................... 5-11
Figure 5.12 Paper end detection (continuous forms via push-feed tractor) .................................................... 5-12
Figure 5.13 Paper end detection (continuous forms via pull-feed tractor) ...................................................... 5-13
Figure 5.14 Print head gap control .................................................................................................................. 5-14
Figure 5.15 Color ribbon shift motor .............................................................................................................. 5-15
Figure 5.16 Option detection mechanism ........................................................................................................ 5-16
Figure 5.17 System configuration ................................................................................................................... 5-17
Figure 5.18 Connection diagram ..................................................................................................................... 5-18
Figure 5.19 Controller block diagram ............................................................................................................. 5-20
Figure 5.20 MB90706 block diagram ............................................................................................................. 5-21
Figure 5.21 MBCU20050 block diagram ........................................................................................................ 5-22
Figure 5.22 Memory configuration ................................................................................................................. 5-23
Figure 5.23 Centronics parallel interface signal timing .................................................................................. 5-25
Figure 5.24 RS-423 serial interface signal timing ........................................................................................... 5-26
v
Figure 5.25 Stepping motor drive circuit ........................................................................................................ 5-27
Figure 5.26 Phase switching and carriage drive direction ............................................................................... 5-28
Figure 5.27 Relationship between carriage drive speed and phase excitation ................................................ 5-29
Figure 5.28 Carriage drive 1/2-phase excitation at low speed ........................................................................ 5-30
Figure 5.29 Carriage drive 2-phase excitation at high speed .......................................................................... 5-30
Figure 5.30 Print head pin magnet drive circuit .............................................................................................. 5-31
Figure 5.31 Print timing .................................................................................................................................. 5-32
Figure 5.32 Phase switching and paper feed direction .................................................................................... 5-33
Figure 5.33 Paper feed speed ........................................................................................................................... 5-34
Figure 5.34 1/2-phase excitation of paper feed ............................................................................................... 5-34
Figure 5.35 Phase switching and ribbon shift direction .................................................................................. 5-35
Figure 5.36 Ribbon shift speed ........................................................................................................................ 5-36
Figure 5.37 Ribbon shift phase excitation ....................................................................................................... 5-36
Figure 5.38 Fire check circuits ........................................................................................................................ 5-38
Figure 5.39 Control panel block diagram ........................................................................................................ 5-39
Figure 5.40 Surge current prevention circuit ................................................................................................... 5-40
Figure 5.41 Power supply block diagram ........................................................................................................ 5-41
Figure 5.42 PWSTOP signal ........................................................................................................................... 5-44
Figure 5.43 Firmware configuration ................................................................................................................ 5-45
vi
TABLES
Table 3.1 Errors indicated by the Fault indicator and the buzzer .................................................................... 3-15
Table 3.2 Alarms that turn power off .............................................................................................................. 3-15
Table 4.1 Maintenance tools ............................................................................................................................ 4-2
Table 4.2 Parts not to be disassembled ............................................................................................................ 4-4
Table 4.3 Cleaning ........................................................................................................................................... 4-5
Table 4.4 Power-on-initiated maintenance ...................................................................................................... 4-52
Table 5.1 Memory address map ...................................................................................................................... 5-24
Table 5.2 Voltage regulation switching control .............................................................................................. 5-42
Table 5.3 Overcurrent protection .................................................................................................................... 5-43
Table 5.4 Overvoltage protection .................................................................................................................... 5-43
vii
CHAPTER 1 PRINTER SPECIFICATIONS,
PERFORMANCE, AND
CONFIGURATION
1.1
Overview
This manual is for maintenance engineers, and covers overall maintenance of the Digital LA30N and LA30W
Companion Printers, together with detailed information such as troubleshooting and component replacement.
The information in this manual applies both to the Digital LA30N Companion Printer (80-column printer) and to
the Digital LA30W Companion Printer (136-column printer). However, illustrations are of LA30N Companion
Printer unless otherwise stated.
Recommended references are:
• LA30N/LA30W Companion Printer Illustrated Parts Breakdown (Order Number: ER-LA30N-IP-002)
• LA30N/LA30W Companion Printer User Guide (Order Number: EK-LA30E-UG-001)
The former contains information on location and order number of all parts needed for printer maintenance. The
latter contains general information on printer operation.
The main difference between the LA30N and the LA30W is the “print span”. The LA30N is an 80-column
printer and the LA30W a 136-column printer. As shown in the figures below, the physical specifications are
thus different (size, weight, ...). Some minor differences concern mechanical internal parts that do not impact the
general maintenance of the printer (top cover hinges, bail rollers mechanism, ...). The only visible difference
concerns the accurate location of the notch scale of the paper thickness lever.
LA30N
LA30W
Figure 1.1 LA30N and LA30W printers
1-1
1.2
Equipment Structure
1.2.1
Overview
This section outlines printer structure and features.
1.2.2
Model configuration
There are two basic models. The LA30N is an 80-column printer and the LA30W a 136-column printer.
Each model has two optional components: power supply and color kit (color ribbon shift mechanism).
Power supply: factory option
Color kit (consisting of a color ribbon shift mechanism and ribbon): user option
The model configuration varies with the combination of the three options, as follows:
Print span
80 columns
(LA30N)
Basic models
136 columns
(LA30W)
Input voltage
Color
100 to 120 VAC
No color kit
Color kit
220 to 240 VAC
No color kit
Color kit
100 to 120 VAC
No color kit
Color kit
220 to 240 VAC
No color kit
Color kit
The monochrome model prints in color when the optional color kit is installed.
Each model has three emulations: Digital PPL2, IBM Proprinter X24E and XL24E, and Epson ESC/P2.
Each model is equipped with a dual interface: Centronics parallel and RS-423 serial (to be exact, IEEE 1284
parallel and DEC-423 serial).
1-2
1.2.3
Structure
Major printer components are organized as shown below. Items in boldface are recommended spare parts (see
Chapter 6) that can be replaced in the field by maintenance service engineers. Replacement and adjustment are
detailed in Chapter 4.
LA30N/W printer
Upper cover assy
Upper cover
Front cover
Top cover (bail rollers are built in for LA30W)
Acoustic cover [soundproof cover]
Control panel [OP board]
Note:
[ ] indicates a name referred to in the
Recommended Spare Parts List.
( ) shows additional information.
Cut-sheet stand [sheet guide sub assy]
Back cover
Bail roller unit (LA30N only)
Platen knob
Tractor unit
Printing mechanism [printer mecha assy]
Frame assy
Paper feeder assy (contains feed roller assy)
Platen assy [platen roll assy]
Carriage unit [carrier unit]
Card guide assy (plastic print guide)
Ribbon feed assy
Ribbon shift assy (color kit, option)
Timing belt
Carrier cable assy
Relay cable assy
SP motor assy [space motor assy]
Stay shaft assy
Copy control lever (linked to paper thickness lever )
Sensors
Sensor T assy (for cut-sheet paper end)
Gear assy (paper feed gear system)
Paper feed motor [LF motor]
Paper select lever [change lever]
Print head (consumables)
Ribbon cartridge (black or four-color, consumables)
Printer lower assy
Bottom cover
ROM board [main board with ROM] (also called control board)
RS-423 board
Power supply [power unit] (also called power supply board)
(100-120 or 220-240VAC)
AC inlet assy
Figure 1.2
Printer component structure
1-3
(1) Upper cover assembly
The screws (two for the LA30N and three for the LA30W) on the back, fasten the upper cover to the bottom
cover. The upper cover assembly consists of the upper, front, and top covers, an acoustic cover, and a control
panel –– all plastic, lightweight, and sturdy. The cut-sheet stand is mounted on this assembly.
Cut-sheet stand
Gear assy
Carriage unit
Front cover
Tractor unit (not visible)
Space motor
Acoustic cover
Upper cover
Top cover assy
Bottom cover
Platen knob
Power supply
Stay shaft assy
Control panel
Interface connectors (not visible)
Printer control board
Figure 1.3
Upper cover assembly (LA30N)
a. Upper cover
The interface cable connector is located to the right side, as seen from the front of the upper cover, so that it
does not obstruct the paper feed path.
b. Front cover
The front cover is opened when the ribbon cartridge is installed.
c. Top cover
The separator directs the printed paper to the cut-sheet stand. The separator of the LA30W has bail rollers.
d. Acoustic cover
The acoustic cover helps reduce printing noise.
e. Control panel
The control panel consists of an LSI, 7 switches, 16 LEDs, and a buzzer. The switches control operations
such as forms loading and feeding, font selection, and conditions selected in setup mode. The LEDs display
printer statuses, the selected font, and a setup menu number. The buzzer sounds to indicate operating and
printer statuses.
1-4
f.
Cut-sheet stand
The cut-sheet stand catches printed pages ejected by the printer. It must be raised while printing cut sheets
and laid down while printing continuous forms. It must also be raised while printing paper-stapled continuous forms in push-tractor mode.
g. Back cover
The back cover, which is installed on the cut-sheet stand, is opened to set continuous forms on the tractor
unit from the back of the printer. It must be closed while the printer is operating.
(2) Printing mechanism assembly
The two hooks on the bottom cover hold the printing mechanism in place and the two screws fasten it to the
bottom cover.
a. Frame assembly
The frame assembly consists of metal plates, a rack rail for ribbon feeding and a paper feed assembly.
b. Carriage unit
The carriage unit supports the removable 24-wire print head and endless inked-ribbon cartridge (black or
four-color), and slides back and forth on the stay shaft. The ribbon feeder (gear system) moves the ribbon in
one direction regardless of carriage movement. The color kit, consisting of a color selection shift motor and
four-color ribbon, is installed on the cartridge. One of the two sensors detects left, right, top, and bottom
edges of paper and the other detects the left end of cartridge movement and information on installed options.
c. Space motor and stay shaft assemblies
The main stay shaft and guide rail support the carriage unit, which the space motor moves horizontally
through the timing belt. The paper thickness lever rotates the eccentric main stay shaft that adjusts the gap
between the print head and platen.
d. Sensors
Three of four sensors detect paper outages and the other detects the paper select lever.
e. Forms feed mechanism
The paper feed motor drives the platen and/or the tractor unit via gears in feeding paper. The paper select
lever switches power transmission to the tractor unit.
f.
Tractor unit
The convertible tractor unit is used on the back of the printer as a push tractor and on top of the printer as a
pull tractor.
Bail roller unit (LA30N only)
The bail rollers hold down paper on the platen. For the LA30W, the bail rollers are built in the top cover.
1-5
(3) Lower cover assembly
Power supply
Bottom cover
Printer control board
Figure 1.4 Printer lower assembly (LA30N)
a. Bottom cover
The bottom cover supports the printer mechanism.
b. Printer control board
The printer control board controls the host interface, control panel, and printing mechanism, using an MPU
and an LSI. Memory holds resident character patterns and firmware, including resident emulation programs.
This board has drivers and receivers for other components. Sensor receivers convert signals from sensors.
Drivers supply power to motors, print head wires, and other components. It also has a Centronics parallel
interface controller and RS-423 serial interface controller.
c. Power supply
The power supply at the front of the printer outputs a constant voltage, regardless of fluctuation in input AC
line voltage, between 100 and 120 VAC or 220 and 240 VAC. It includes an AC line switch and noise filter.
1-6
CHAPTER 2 UNPACKING, PERFORMANCE CHECK,
AND CONNECTION
The contents of this chapter are briefly reproduced from the Setting Up Your Printer in the User Guide for
reference in maintenance although the contents are originally for users of the LA30N and LA30W printers.
2.1
Overview
The LA30N and LA30W printers come packed for transportation.
After unpacking and before installation, the printer must undergo self-test printing. Installation requires minimum time and expense.
2.2
Notes on Installation
For best results, note the following points when installing the printer:
• Place the printer on a level, vibration-free surface.
• Keep the printer away from sunlight and heaters.
• Be sure printer ventilation ports are not blocked.
• Do not operate the printer in a humid or dusty environment.
• Use an outlet that is separated from noise-generating equipment such as motors.
• Use the correct AC voltage to avoid unexpected problems.
• Be sure the platen knob is able to turn freely during printer operation. Obstructions may cause incorrect
printing.
2-1
2.3
Unpacking
Unpack the printer as follows (Figure 2.1):
1. Open the carton and remove accessories — the user guide, Windows driver floppy disk, cut-sheet stand,
platen knob, power cord (100 –120 or 220 –240 VAC), serial interface cable, and ribbon cartridge.
2. Lift out the printer together with its packing cushions (not shown in the figure). Remove cushions and place
the printer carefully on a level, vibration-free surface.
Ribbon
cartridge
Cut-sheet stand
Printer
(LA30N)
Windows driver
floppy disk
Platen
knob
Serial interface
cable
Power cord
User guide
Shipping
carton
Figure 2.1
2-2
Unpacking the printer and accessories
3. Remove tape securing the acoustic cover. Adhesive tape is applied along the front edge of the acoustic
cover. For LA30W printers, two adhesive tapes are applied at the back of the acoustic cover.
4. Open the front cover and remove the print head shipping restraint (cardboard).
Cardboard
Figure 2.2
Front cover
Removing the print head shipping restraint (cardboard)
5. At the back of the printer, remove the two tractor unit securing adhesive tapes [A]. For LA30N printers,
remove also the bail unit shipping restraints (two adhesive tapes [B] and a cardboard [C]).
B
C
A
Figure 2.3
Remove the bail stopper and four tapes (LA30N)
6. Store the original shipping carton and packaging materials for future use, for example, in moving or shipping
the printer to another location.
2-3
2.4
Inspection after Unpacking
1. Carefully check the printer and the accessories for visible damage.
2. Install the cut-sheet stand (Figure 2.4). The cut-sheet stand enables smooth feeding of not only cut sheets
but continuous forms, and its paper guides position cut sheets for printing.
3. Install the platen knob.
4. Install the ribbon cartridge. See the User Guide for details.
5. Check the rated voltage for the printer and AC power outlet, then connect the AC power cord between the
printer and AC power outlet.
6. Close the front cover.
7. Turn on the power switch.
8. Load a cut sheet or continuous forms as explained in the User Guide.
Check printing performance and quality using self-test printing, detailed in Section 4.10.1 “Self-test printing”.
Mounting pins
Cut-sheet stand
Paper guides
Figure 2.4 Installing the cut-sheet stand
2-4
CHAPTER 3 TROUBLESHOOTING
This chapter helps pinpoint the causes of problems with the printer.
Sections 3.1 to 3.5 are troubleshooting diagrams. The flowcharts show how to determine what is wrong with the
printer and what to do to correct the problem.
Section 3.6 explains error displays on the control panel that help clarify the cause of a problem.
For replacement and adjustment after recovery, see Chapter 4.
3-1
Figure 3.1 shows printer functional components and connecting cables without showing their names since
locating the connectors is easy.
Printer
Gears
Printing mechanism
Sensors LF
motor
100-120 VAC or
220-240 VAC
Color ribbon
shift motor
SP
motor
Print
head
Power supply
Centronics (parallel)
Printer control board
To computer
RS-423 board
RS-423 (serial)
Control panel
Note:
indicates a cable and connector.
Figure 3.1
Printer functional block diagram
a. Printing mechanism
The printing mechanism consists of the print head and carriage, carriage drive, forms feed mechanism,
sensors, and print head gap adjustment mechanism. The carriage includes ribbon feed and other sensors.
The printing mechanism has two motors, for driving the carriage and feeding forms.
b. Printer control board
The printer control board consists of a main controller, memory, drivers, sensor receivers, and Centronics
parallel interface controller. This board governs the computer interface, control panel, and printing mechanism using the main controller and memory that holds resident character patterns and firmware, including
resident emulation programs.
c. RS-423 board
The RS-423 board controls the RS-423 (DEC-423) serial interface.
d. Control panel
The control panel is used by the operator for operations such as changing or feeding forms, resetting the
printer, and selecting operating conditions in setup mode. The panel displays the printer status via a buzzer
and LEDs.
3-2
e. Power supply
The power supply provides power for operating the printer. Its specifications depend on the input AC
voltage.
f.
Color kit (user option)
The color ribbon shift motor, installed on the print head cartridge, enables printing in seven colors, if
supported by software. It uses either four-color cartridges or black ribbon cartridges.
3-3
3.1
All Indicators Don’t Light
The flowchart below shows what to do if all indicators don’t light.
All indicators don’t light.
Yes
Does the mechanism move?
The control panel is defective.
No
No
Is the power switch turned on?
Turn on the power switch.
Yes
Is the power plug disconnected
from the receptacle?
Yes
Turn off the power switch, then
insert the power plug into the
receptacle.
No
Turn off the power switch, and then
remove the AC fuse.
Is the fuse blown?
Yes
Replace the AC fuse.
No
Is the AC output voltage from the
receptacle to the printer power inlet
correct? (Check the AC voltage.)
Yes
To the next page
3-4
No
Correct the problem and make the
output live, or plug the printer into
a different receptacle.
Continued from the previous page
Unplug the AC input cord from
the printer power connector, then
check again AC voltage supplied
to the printer. Is it correct?
No
Replace the AC power cord.
Yes
Are all connectors to the printer
control board connected?
No
Connect connectors.
Yes
Do voltage check.
Is DC output voltage of the power
supply board correct?
Yes
Defective PC board
• Defective printer control board
• Defective control panel
No
Defective PC board
• Defective printer control board
• Defective control panel
• Defective power supply unit
Note:
To check DC voltage, use the output connector to the printer control board. Pin assignment of voltages
are as follows:
Output connector
Printer control board
3-5
3.2 No Print Head Movement
The flowchart below shows what to do if the print head does not move even though certain indicators light.
Fault indicator light but
the print head does not move.
Does the buzzer sound continuously?
Yes
Defective printer control board
(ROM/RAM error)
No
Are all connectors to the printer
control board connected?
No
Connect connectors.
Yes
Turn off the power switch, unplug
the interface cable, and turn on the
power switch again.
Does the print head move?
No
See page 3-5, DC voltage check.
3-6
Yes
Defective host
• Defective host computer
• Defective interface cable
The Fault indicator lights and the buzzer sound once.
Yes
Are continuous forms in the printer?
No
Set continuous forms in the printer
and press the FF/Load button.
Yes
Is the Fault indicator off?
Recovered
No
Push and release the paper end feeler
equipped on the right-hand tractor.
Does the sensor shield lever move
up and down?
No
Replace the paper end detection
link mechanism.
Yes
Are the paper end sensor block
dusty with paper particles?
Yes
Clean the sensor block.
No
See page 3-5, DC voltage check.
3-7
No printing online
Is the interface cable connected?
No
Connect the interface cable.
Yes
Is the interface cable OK?
No
Replace the interface cable.
Yes
Is the RS-423 interface used?
No (Centronics)
See page 3-5, DC voltage check.
Yes
Is the selected protocol OK?
No
Use the correct protocol.
Yes
Is the selected baud rate OK?
No
Use the correct baud rate.
Yes
Is the selected data length OK?
No
Use the correct data length.
Yes
Is the selected data format OK?
Yes
See page 3-5, DC voltage check.
3-8
No
Use the correct data format.
3.3
Incorrect Printing due to Defective Nonvolatile RAM
If the printer uses defective nonvolatile RAM or the contents of nonvolatile RAM are written incorrectly,
unexpected phenomena will occur. For example:
• Printing is not performed even though no error is apparently detected. This may be caused when the interface
type specified is the Centronics parallel, but the RS-423 serial interface is mistakenly selected internally.
• Printing is not done in specified columns. This may be caused when setup parameters are mistakenly changed
internally for the character pitch.
For the above cases, do as follows:
1. Restore the factory defaults into the RAM. See Section 4.10.3.
2. If the printer still does not operate correctly, replace the control board (ROM board).
3-9
3.4
Printing Quality Abnormal
The flowchart below shows what to do if the printing quality is not good.
Printing quality is poor.
Is the paper thickness lever set
properly?
No
Set the lever correctly.
Yes
Is the print head installed correctly?
No
Remove the print head and install it
correctly.
Yes
Is the ribbon cartridge installed
properly?
No
Install the ribbon cartridge correctly.
Yes
Is the ribbon worn out, or ink too
thin?
Yes
Turn off power and change the
ribbon cartridge.
No
Is the ribbon fed smoothly?
No
Yes
Is the color mixing normal?
• Defective ribbon feed mechanism.
(Make sure the ribbon cartridge
engages the ribbon feed shaft gear.)
• Defective ribbon cartridge.
No
See page 3-12.
Yes
Is forms feed operation OK?
Yes
To the next page
3-10
No
See page 3-13.
Continued from the previous page
Are several character dots missing?
Yes
See page 3-12.
No
Is self-test printing normal?
See Section 4.10.1 for self-test.
No
• Defective printer control board
• Defective power supply board
Yes
Is the interface cable connected
correctly?
No
Plug in the connector correctly.
Yes
Is the interface cable OK?
No
Replace the cable.
Yes
Is data OK? Use hex dump mode.
See Section 4.10.2.
Yes
Check the host computer.
No
Are all connectors to the control
board connected?
No
Plug in the corresponding
connectors correctly.
Yes
Check the host computer.
Is printing done correctly?
No
Defective printer control board
Yes
End
3-11
Dot missing
Replace the print head.
Is printing done correctly?
Yes
Recovered
No
Is the carriage cable connected
correctly?
No
Plug in the carriage cable correctly.
Yes
• Defective printer control board
• Defective carriage cable
Color mixing abnormal
Is the ribbon cartridge installed
correctly?
No
Install the ribbon cartridge correctly.
Yes
Is the paper thickness lever set
correctly?
No
Set the paper thickness lever
correctly.
Yes
Is the color kit installed correctly?
See Section 5.2.6.
Yes
Replace the color kit.
3-12
No
Install the color kit correctly.
3.5
Forms Feed Abnormally
The flowchart below shows what to do if forms feed incorrectly.
Abnormal forms feed
Are forms fed?
Yes
See page 3-14.
No
Press the FF/Load button.
Are forms fed?
Yes
No abnormality
No
Are forms positioned correctly?
No
Load forms correctly.
Yes
Is the paper feed motor cable
connected correctly?
No
Connect the cable correctly.
Yes
• Defective printer control board
• Defective paper feed motor
• Defective paper end sensor
3-13
Forms are fed but there is still a
problem.
Is the paper thickness lever set
correctly?
No
Set the paper thickness lever
correctly.
Yes
Is the paper select lever set
correctly?
No
Set the paper select lever correctly.
Yes
Are forms fed smoothly?
Yes
See the entry below.
No
Are unspecified or abnormal forms
used?
Yes
Replace forms with specified or
regular forms.
No
Are forms positioned correctly?
No
Load forms correctly.
Yes
Is something blocking the feed
path?
Yes
Remove obstacles from the feed
path.
Yes
Check the page length setting in
setup mode.
No
• Defective printer control board
• Defective paper feed motor
• Defective platen unit and other
forms feed mechanism
Forms are fed smoothly but there is
still a problem.
Is the length of the forms fed too
long or short?
No
End
[Normal operation]
3-14
3.6
Error Display
This printer indicates errors on the panel using a combination of the Fault indicator and the buzzer.
Possible error combinations are described below:
Table 3.1
Fault indicator
Errors indicated by the Fault indicator and buzzer
Buzzer sound
Error cause
Action for recovery from error
Lighting steadily
Sounds once
Paper end detection
See page 3-7.
Flashing
Sounds once
Low voltage error
Check DC voltage (see page 3-5).
Flashing
Sounds once
Communication error
Check parameter settings of the RS-423
interface in Set-Up mode (see page 3-8).
Flashing
Sounds once
Carriage error
Remove paper from the feed path and
check the carriage for smooth movement.
Flashing
Sounds continuously
ROM/RAM error
Replace defective printer control board.
The printer cannot display an alarm if detecting one of the following alarms that turn off the printer. Disconnects the corresponding components or connectors, then turn on the printer to check if the alarm recurs.
Table 3.2
Alarms that turn power off the printer
Error name
Cause of the error
Head alarm
The head driver circuit or device is faulty.
SP motor driver alarm
The SP motor driver is faulty.
LF motor driver alarm
The LF motor driver is faulty.
High voltage alarm
+34 V is higher than the specified voltage.
3-15
3-16
CHAPTER 4 MAINTENANCE
This chapter explains the maintenance levels 1, 2, and 3 for cleaning, lubrication, inspection, and adjustment of
the LA30N and LA30W printers.
4.1
Overview
Designed using the latest technology, the LA30N/LA30W printer offers high reliability and easy maintenance.
Parts requiring lubrication and adjustment have been reduced and the replacement of defective parts made easier
than in previous models.
Difference between LA30N and LA30W is as follows:
• LA30N is an 80-column printer and LA30W a 136-column printer. Therefore, many mechanism components
differ only in size (length).
• Bail rollers of LA30N are mounted on the printer mechanism as the bail roller unit. Bail rollers of LA30W
are built in the top cover.
• Other components are the same.
The printer has useful maintenance functions that can be initiated by the control panel without the host computer.
This greatly reduces maintenance time for testing and adjusting the printer.
The printer also has the self-test print and hex dump functions to indicate whether an error is due to the printer or
the host and to test operation after error recovery.
4.2 Notes on Use
Note the following:
• Do not connect or disconnect connectors or printed circuit boards while power is on.
• Use screwdrivers, wrenches, and other tools suited to the parts being replaced. Do not leave screws or parts
inside the printer.
• Use only the specified type of oil, grease, and cleaning solutions.
• Be sure power is turned off before starting to replace parts.
4-1
4.3
Maintenance Tools
Table 4.1 lists the tools required for maintenance.
Table 4.1
No
Tool
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Screwdriver M3–M5 (+)
Screwdriver M2–M2.5 (+)
Screwdriver M3–M4 (–)
Tweezers
Spring hook
Long-nosed pliers
Thickness gage (0.03 ~ 1mm)
Platen gap adjustment gauge
Silicone grease
Floil
*1
*2
*3
4.4
Maintenance tools
Type or part number
(*1)
Phillips
Phillips (*1) (*2)
Standard (*1) (*3)
CWZ9068A2 (*3)
CWZ9070A
CWZ9248A
CWZ9250A
CA02312-F300
CA98001-5270
D89L-1020-0369
Maintenance level
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
A magnetized driver is convenient.
For removing the RS-423 board and the card guide sensor cable holder.
For fitting the E-ring. (Tweezers are convenient, but standard screwdrivers are available.)
Maintenance Levels
Maintenance for the LA30N/LA30W printer is done at two levels.
• Level 1 maintenance includes cleaning and lubrication.
• Level 2 maintenance includes level 1 items, plus replacement of PC boards, units, and mechanical
subassemblies, and adjustment after replacement.
4.5
Preventive Maintenance
No periodic maintenance is required. However, keeping the printer clean lengthens its service life and MTBF.
4-2
4.6
Parts Drawings
This section gives basic components and their location.
Paper select lever
Sensor (cut sheet)
Paper feed motor
Card guide
Space motor
Print head
Platen roll
Tractor (not visible)
Timing belt
Carriage
Front stay
Stay shaft
Power supply
Bottom cover
Printer control board
Figure 4.1
Basic components
4-3
4.7 Parts That Must Not Be Disassembled
This section gives the locations of parts that must not be disassembled. Table 4.2 lists components not to be
disassembled and mounting screws not to be loosened or removed.
Table 4.2
No
Components
Part
Remarks
1
Frame (L), (R)
4 screws
Screws for holding frame (L) and (R) to main stay
2
Main stay and
Front stay
3 screws
Screws for securing front stay to main stay (front)
3
SP motor
All screws and
pulleys
4
Print head
Entire component
Figure 4.2
4-4
Parts not to be disassembled
Location of parts that must not be disassembled
4.8 Level 1 Maintenance
Level 1 maintenance includes only cleaning and lubrication. This can be performed without removing covers
although Figure 4.3 shows the printer with the covers removed.
Check inside the LA30N/LA30W printer for paper particles, dust, and dirt, and remove these as explained
below. After cleaning, lubricate moving parts.
Table 4.3
Location
Cleaning
Procedure
Remarks
Paper feed path
Remove paper particles and dirt.
Print head
Remove pieces of paper and dirt from the ribbon.
Platen
Clean with a soft cloth moistened, not soaked, in alcohol.
Card guide
Wipe away ink ribbon debris.
Stay shaft and
front stay (rack
rail)
Remove dust, etc., from the shaft and stay surfaces with a
soft cloth.
(*1)
After cleaning, lubricate
them. (*2)
*1
If paper becomes smeared or dirty, clean the platen. Use a very small amount of alcohol and wipe
with a clean dry cloth.
*2
If stuck with dried oily dust, apply a small amount of alcohol to clean the shaft.
Card guide
Print head
Platen
Stay shaft
Front stay (rack rail)
Figure 4.3
Cleaning and lubrication
4-5
4.9 Level 2 Maintenance
Level 2 maintenance includes lubrication, adjustment, and parts replacement. Level 1 maintenance should be
done at the same time as level 2 maintenance.
4.9.1
Parts replacement
Remember the following notes when replacing any component.
4-6
•
Keep assembly areas clean.
•
Turn off power to equipment and unplug it before disassembly or assembly.
•
Follow procedures carefully. Do not disassemble parts that are not to be disassembled.
•
Store disassembled parts in a clean place where they will not get lost.
•
Check parts for number and shape after replacement, and adjust them if necessary.
•
Reassemble the printer following the steps in reverse order of disassembly.
•
Confirm that all connectors are connected correctly.
(1) Acoustic cover replacement
Removal
Raise the acoustic cover vertically (the flat surface of the mounting pin orients vertically) and lift the acoustic
cover to disengage it from the top cover.
Acoustic cover
Installation
Hold the acoustic cover vertically. Then, push the mounting pins on both side of the acoustic cover into the
hook of the top cover. After that, close the acoustic cover.
4-7
(2) Tractor unit replacement
a. Push tractor
Removal
1. Raise the cut-sheet stand and the back cover together.
2. Pull up both ends of the tractor unit to detach the catches of the tractor unit from the support studs. Then
pull the tractor unit.
Catches
Support studs
Installation
Place the catches of the tractor unit onto the support studs, push the tractor unit toward the front of printer, and
snap down the tractor unit into place.
4-8
b. Pull tractor
Removal
Hold both sides of the tractor unit and lift and release it from the support studs.
4-9
Installation
Position the catches of the tractor unit on the support studs near the platen shaft, push the tractor unit toward the
front of the printer, and snap down the tractor unit into place so that the catches click on the rear studs.
Catches
Support studs
4-10
(3) Cover replacement, including platen knob
Removal
1. Remove the acoustic cover (Section 4.9.1(1)).
2. Remove the tractor unit (Section 4.9.1(2)).
3. Pull off the platen knob.
4. Open the front cover and the top cover nearly vertically (A), then lift and remove them together (B).
B
Front cover
A
Top cover
A
Platen knob
4-11
5. Raise the cut-sheet stand and the back cover together, then remove them in the direction of the arrow (A).
4-12
6. Remove the ribbon cartridge.
7. Remove the screws (two for LA30N; three for LA30W).
8. Lift the back part of the upper cover.
9. Disconnect the control panel cable from the printer control board and remove the control panel cable from
the cable holder.
10. Remove the upper cover.
Control panel cable
Cable holder
4-13
Installation
Install covers in reverse order of removal.
Notes:
Be sure that the control panel cable is inserted behind the cable holder.
Check that the paper thickness lever fits into the copy control lever.
Check that the side cover is in place.
Make sure that the box tab on the upper cover fits the hook of the bottom cover. Then, tighten the upper cover.
Upper cover
Tab
Paper thickness lever
Copy control lever
Bottom cover
Side cover
4-14
(4) Control panel replacement
Removal
1. Remove the tractor unit (Section 4.9.1 (2)) and covers (Section 4.9.1 (3)).
2. Turn the upper cover upside down and the remove the two screws.
3. Remove the control panel.
Control panel
Leaf spring
Upper cover
Installation
Install the control panel in reverse order of removal.
Notes:
When replacing the control panel, be careful not to bend the tape cable connected with the control board.
Be sure that the leaf spring is between the screw head and printed circuit board.
4-15
(5) Printing mechanism replacement
Removal
1. Remove the tractor unit (Section 4.9.1 (2)) and covers (Section 4.9.1 (3)).
2. Remove the two screws.
3. Steadying the printing mechanism, disconnect the six connectors from the printer control board:
Print head cables: CNHEAD1, CNHEAD2, CNHEAD3
Line feed motor wire cables: CNLF
Space motor wire cable: CNSP
Sensor wire cable: CNDET
4. Remove the printing mechanism.
Printing mechanism
Printer control board
Installation
Install the printing mechanism in reverse order of removal.
Notes:
Be sure to connect all connectors to the control board.
Use cable clamps for the line feed motor, space motor, and sensor cables.
Put the tractor paper-end sensor cable in the recess of the bottom cover.
The sensor cable must not hang over the bottom feed slot of the bottom cover.
The SP motor cable and the LF motor cable must not touch the transistor elements on the control board so that
cables can not be caught between the control board and the bottom of the mechanism.
4-16
(6) Power supply and fuse replacement
Removal
1. Remove the fuse from the power supply, if necessary.
2. Disconnect AC and CNPW connectors.
3. Remove the four screws (three screws for LA30W) then remove the power supply. The rod and its securing
screw are not used for LA30W.
Fuse (*)
Old design
power supply
New design
power supply
Fuse (*)
AC connector
CNPW connector
Rod
(LA30N only)
Installation
* Difference between fuses :
For new design power supply
Part number Engraving
29-33706-01 125V 4A
29-33707-01 250V 2.5A
For old design power supply
Part number Engraving
29-33029-01 125V 6A
29-33030-01 250V 3.15A
Install the power supply and fuse in reverse order of removal.
Notes:
Old and new design power supplies are compatible with each other, but their fuses are not compatible.
For LA30N only; before connecting the CNPW connector to the corresponding connector on the control board
(ROM board), be sure to wind the cable once around the rod. If the cable wires are bound with a tie, cut the tie
before winding the cable.
Rod
CNPW connector
Cable
Power supply
4-17
(7) RS-423 board replacement
Removal
1. Remove the two screws using the screwdriver M2-M2.5 (for Phillips screws).
2. Unplug the CNRS connector from the control board, then remove the RS-423 board.
RS-423 board.
Control board.
Connector
4-18
(8) Control board (ROM board) replacement
From the point of the engineers, the control board is referred to by different names: printer control board, main
board, ROM board, and main board with ROM.
There are two types of control boards and ROMs respectively (control board: old and new design boards, ROM:
EPROM and mask ROM). Any combinations of a board and ROM(s) are available.
Removal
1. Remove the printing mechanism (Section 4.9.1 (5)).
2. Remove the power supply (Section 4.9.1 (6)).
3. Remove the RS-423 board (Section 4.9.1 (7).
4. Remove the seven screws as shown below, then remove the control board (ROM board).
Connector
Control board
4-19
Installation
Install the control board (ROM board) in reverse order of removal.
Notes:
For LA30W printers, be sure to install the grounding metal strip in place. This strip establishes grounding
connection between the control board and the power supply.
There are two types of control boards and ROMs respectively (control board: old and new design boards, ROM:
EPROM and mask ROM; any combinations available). When replacing the ROM(s), use either socket IC1 for
an EPROM (program) and socket IC3 for a mask ROM (CG) or socket IC1 for a mask ROM (program and CG).
The ROM’s orientation mark (cut) must face the interface connector for the old design board, and the LG HIC
for the new design board.
Whenever the ROM is replaced, initialize the ROM and re-adjust the vertical alignment and the top-of-form line.
(Sections 4.9.2 (2) and (3)).
Old design board + EPROM (program) and mask ROM (CG): IC1 and IC3
Mask ROM (IC3)
EPROM (IC1)
Interface connector
New design board + Mask ROM (program & CG): IC1 only
LG HIC
Mask ROM (IC1)
4-20
(9) Platen roll assembly replacement
Removal
1. Remove the tractor unit (Section 4.9.1 (2)) and covers (Section 4.9.1 (3)).
2. Move the paper select lever as shown below (A).
3. Remove the E-ring.
4. Holding the platen, pull the right platen bearing off the shaft.
5. Move the carriage unit all the way to the right.
6. Move the platen roll all the way to the left (B) and remove the left platen bearing.
7. To remove the platen roll, lift it up (C).
Paper select lever
A
C
B
Platen bearing
E-ring
Installation
Install the platen in reverse order of removal. See Section 4.9.2 (1) for print head gap adjustment and Section
4.9.3 (1) for lubrication.
4-21
(10) Paper feed motor (LF motor) replacement
Removal
1. Remove the printing mechanism (Section 4.9.1 (5)).
2. Remove the motor cable from the cable clamp.
3. Remove the two screws to remove the paper feed motor.
Cable clamp
Paper feed motor cable
Paper feed motor
Installation
Install the paper feed motor in reverse order of removal.
Note:
Check that paper feed motor gears are engaged.
Put the motor cable along the side frame and hold it by the cable clamps so that it cannot obstruct the bottom
feed slot path.
4-22
(11) Space motor (SP motor) assembly replacement
Removal
1. Remove the printing mechanism (Section 4.9.1 (5)).
2. Remove the two screws to remove the space motor.
3. Detach the carriage drive belt from the motor drive pulley, then remove the space motor.
4. Remove the motor cable from the cable clamp.
5. Disconnect the cable connector from the space motor.
Motor drive pulley
Space motor
Cable connector
Installation
Install the space motor assembly in reverse order of removal.
Make sure that the motor cable entrance is oriented toward the bottom and inside the printer as shown below.
Side frame
Bottom
4-23
(12) Sensor T assembly replacement
This sensor detects a cut sheet placed on the cut-sheet stand.
Removal
1. Remove the tractor unit (Section 4.9.1 (2)) and covers (Section 4.9.1 (3)).
2. Remove the two screws to remove the sensor T assembly while disconnecting the sensor wire cable.
Sensor
Installation
Install the sensor assembly in reverse order of removal.
4-24
(13) Carriage unit replacement
Removal
1. Remove the printing mechanism (Section 4.9.1 (5)), SP motor (Section 4.9.1(11)), and print head (Section
4.9.1 (14)).
2. Mark the setting positions of the adjustment levers R and L at both sides of the mechanism. (For adjustment
lever R, see the figure on the next page.)
3. Loosen the screw to remove the plate spring.
4. Turn adjustment lever L counterclockwise until it contacts the belt (A).
Plate spring
Belt
A
Adjustment lever L
4-25
5. Turn the copy control lever so that its notch side is uppermost (A). Then, turn adjustment lever R clockwise
until it is stopped (B).
6. Slide the stay shaft slightly to the right (C) and remove the platen bearing.
7. Remove the stay shaft from the frame (D).
8. Remove the cable holder.
Stay shaft
D
Cable holder
Carriage unit
C
A
Adjustment lever R
B
Copy control lever
9. Unhook the spring to free the bracket
10. Remove the tension pulley bracket from the frame by sliding and lifting it in the directions of the arrow.
11. Detach the belt from both pulleys.
Pulley
Belt
Frame
Tension pulley bracket
Installation
Install the carriage unit in reverse order of removal.
Note:
Check that the gear in the carriage unit engages with the rack on the front stay.
4-26
(14) Print head and rebbon feed assembly replacement
The print head and the ribbon feed assembly are mounted on the carriage unit. The print head is a consumable.
Removal
Print head
Head lock pin
Carriage unit
1. Open the front cover.
Cover
Print head
2. Set the copy control lever to D.
3. Unhook the head lock pin.
4. Lift and remove the print head from
the carriage unit.
Hook
Hook
Ribbon feed assembly
Ribbon feed assembly
1. Remove the carriage unit from the
mechanism (Section 4.9.1 (13)).
Flexible cable
for color unit
Hook
Hook
2. Remove the cover from the carriage
unit.
3. Disconnect the flexible cable for the
color unit in the direction of the
arrow.
Hook
Hook
View A
4. Release the four hooks and push
down the ribbon feed assembly.
Installation
Install the print head and the ribbon feed assembly in reverse order of removal.
Note:
Carefully fit print head guide grooves onto positioning studs on the carriage unit and push the head all the way
on.
4-27
(15) Gear assembly replacement
The gear assembly transmits power to the paper feed mechanism. It has a mechanism that determines whether
power is also transmitted to the push tractor. The assembly includes the LF motor.
Removal
1. Remove the printing mechanism (Section 4.9.1(5)).
2. Remove the platen assembly (Section 4.9.1 (9)).
3. Set the paper select lever toward the back of the printer.
4. Loosen the long screw and unhook the three holders from the side frame to remove the gear assembly.
Paper select lever
Holders
Long screw
Installation
Install the gear assembly in reverse order of removal.
4-28
(16)
Paper feeder assembly replacement
Removal
1. Remove the printing mechanism (Section 4.9.1(5), platen assembly (Section 4.9.1(9)), print head (Section
4.9.1(14)), and gear assembly (Section 4.9.1(15)).
2. Remove the two screws to remove the paper feeder assembly.
Paper feeder assembly
Sensor assemblies
Projections
Installation
Install the Paper feeder assembly in reverse order of removal.
Notes:
The paper feeder assembly contains two paper sensor assemblies.
Make sure that the positioning projections at both sides of the paper feeder assembly fit in the corresponding
dowels and cuts of the side frames.
Align
Paper feeder assembly
Side frame
Al
ign
Align
4-29
(17) Card guide assembly replacement
Removal
1. Remove the platen assembly (Section 4.9.1(9)), print head (Section 4.9.1(14)), and feed roller assembly
(Section 4.9.1(16)).
2. Remove the small screw which retains the sensor cable on the card guide.
3. Push the two hooks outwards to remove the card guide from the carriage unit.
Hooks
Card guide
Installation
Install the card guide in reverse order of removal.
Note:
When replacing the card guide, be careful not to damage card guide hooks.
4-30
(18) Ribbon shift unit (color kit) replacement
Removal
1. Open the front cover, remove the ribbon cartridge, and remove the print head (Section 4.9.1(14)).
2. Release the hook at the right side of the ribbon shift unit to raise the top of the unit.
Ribbon shift unit
(removed)
Hook
(right side)
Hook (hidden)
Hook (front side)
(aimed in step 3)
3. Release the other hook at the front side of the ribbon shift unit and pull up the entire unit to remove it from
the carriage unit.
Hook (hidden)
Installation
Install the ribbon shift unit in reverse order of removal.
Snap down the unit into place.
4-31
4.9.2
Adjustment
(1) Print head gap adjustment
When replacing the carriage unit or platen, check that the gap between the print head and platen is 0.38 ± 0.03
mm at both ends of the platen. To check the gap along the platen, use a platen gap adjustment gauge and move
the carriage to the left and right. To adjust the gap, turn the two levers at the ends of the stay shaft.
Procedure
1. Turn off the printer power switch.
2. Remove the covers (Section 4.9.1(3)).
3. Set the paper thickness lever upward (narrowest).
4. Calibrate the platen gap adjustment gauge according to its instruction manual.
5. Remove the print head if it is on the carriage unit, then install the gauge instead.
6. Turn the platen and find the rotational location where the print head gap is widest.
Head gap gauge
4-32
7. Move the carriage unit to the left-end print position (column 1).
8. Turn adjustment lever L at the left end of the stay shaft and adjust it so that the gap is 0.38 ± 0.03 mm.
Adjustment lever L
Left-side frame
9. Move the carriage unit to the furthest right printing position.
10. Turn adjustment lever R at the right end of the stay shaft and adjust it so that the gap is 0.38 ± 0.03 mm.
Paper thickness lever
Adjustment lever R
Right-side frame
11. Move the carriage unit to the center and check the gap. If the gap does not satisfy the value, return to step 8.
12. Move the carriage unit again to the left, center, and right to confirm the gap. If the gap does not satisfy the
value, return to step 8.
4-33
(2) Vertical alignment
When replacing the ROM board (printer control board) or the carriage unit, check the vertical alignment by
using the diagnostic function on the setup mode menu. It adjusts the vertical alignment of characters printed in
opposite directions in bidirectional printing. Adjust for the three print qualities (letter, correspondence, and
draft).
Procedure
1. Load continuous forms at least 203 mm (8 inches) wide onto the printer to avoid printing on the platen.
2. Start vertical alignment by holding down the Protocol button while turning on the power switch.
The printer will print vertical bars both forward and backward, beginning with letter quality. Printing sample is
shown as follows:
4-34
3. Check that alignment is correct.
4. If alignment is not correct, press the ∅ or ♦ button to correct alignment. That is, if forward printing bars
come to the left of reverse printing bars, press the ♦ button to make the vertical line straight.
If the forward printing bars come to the right of reverse printing bars, press the ∅ button to make the
vertical line straight.
5. Check alignment again. If alignment is not still correct, repeat step 4. If correct, press the ¬ button to
change to the next print quality and repeat steps 3 and 4. When optimum alignment is obtained for the three
print qualities, go to step 6.
6. Press the Exit/Save button. The printer stores the timings for the three optimum alignments in nonvolatile
memory on the ROM board and returns online.
4-35
(3) Top-of-forms adjustment (factory use)
Top-of-forms (TOF) adjustment in this item is used in the factory to micro-adjust the reference position of the
TOF. This mode is not disclosed to users in general. The actual position of the TOF is set by the Top-of-Form
adjustment as described in page 2-28 of the User Guide.
Note that this adjustment has an impact on the tear-off position. If this adjustment does not satisfy the
standard (see the description of the Top button below), the perforation of paper cannot be positioned in
front of the tear bar.
TOF adjustment is accessed by depressing three buttons 'Macro' + 'Protocol' + 'Park' simultaneously while
powering on the printer.
In TOF adjustment mode, the following buttons are active:
¬:
:
-1/180 inch adjustment to TOF position
+1/180 inch adjustment to TOF position
The valid range for adjustment is ±20/180 inches. Outside the range, the buzzer will sound and
further adjustment will be performed.
Top:
Paper will be loaded according to the value of TOF currently stored and 'H's will be printed by a
line. Pressing the Top button in this condition returns the paper to the park position, then reload the
paper and overprints 'H's.
Use this button to check or confirm the value of TOF already stored. The center of the horizontal
line of a letter H must be positioned 23 ±1 mm from the top edge of the paper when one-part paper
is used. If it is not satisfied, perform the TOF adjustment using the ¬ and buttons.
Top edge of paper
23 ±1 mm
HHHHHHHHHH
Park: If paper source is continuous forms, the continuous forms are returned to the park position. If
paper source is a cut sheet, the cut sheet is ejected.
Use this button after finishing TOF adjustment for one paper source. Switch the paper select lever
to change the paper source, then adjustment for the other paper source can be performed. When
switching from cut sheet to continuous forms, be sure to remove the cut sheet ejected
Save: The current value of TOF is stored to the EEPROM before quitting TOF adjustment mode and
returning to 'Ready' state.
The TOF adjustment value is initialized to its center value (1/180 inch) if EEPROM initialization II is performed
(see Section 4.10.3).
4-36
4.9.3
Lubrication
Lubrication is required only when the printer is overhauled or mechanical components are replaced.
Lubrication codes are as follows:
2-GD-D-O
Cycle
Amount (1 drop)
Type (Mobil oil)
No.
1. No.
Sequential number for the location to be lubricated
2. Type
FL: Floil
SG: Silicone grease
3. Amount
D:
S:
F:
C:
1 drop
Several drops
Fill the case or oil wick.
Cover with thin uniform film
4. Cycle
O: At overhaul
4-37
(1) Ribbon drive assembly
No.
Oil
Amount
Location
1
SG
C
Gear teeth (4 places)
2
SG
C
Gear bearing (4 places)
3
SG
C
Inside the drum
Remarks
1-SG-C-0
Arm
Y365
3-SG-C-0
2-SG-C-0
RF shaft
Y364
Ribbon bracket
Y354
RF gear
Y361
Idle gear
Y363
Gear C
X330
4-38
(2) Color ribbon shift motor (Option)
No.
Oil
Amount
1
SG
C
Cam center
2
SG
C
Gear teeth
3
SG
C
Cam
Shift lever
Y393
Location
Remarks
Eccentric cam
Y392
Lever
Y395
Color frame R
Y391
RS motor Asy
1-SG-C-0
2-SG-C-0
3-SG-C-0
4-39
(3) LF gear bearing and continuous/single lever
No.
Oil
Amount
Location
1
SG
C
Gear teeth (4 places)
(Gear A, B, C, D)
2
SG
C
Gear bearing (4 places)
(Gear A, B, C, D)
3
SG
C
Gear surface
4
SG
C
Gear holder boss
Remarks
Shaded portion
1-SG-C-0
4-SG-C-0
2-SG-C-0
Motor bracket
Y401
Gear D
Y424
Gear A
Y421
Gear B
Y422
Gear C
Y425
Gear holder
Y410
3-SG-C-0
4-40
(4) Back cover assembly
No.
Oil
Amount
Location
Remarks
1
FL
F
Sliding section between carriage
unit and stay shaft
Oil felt
2
SG
C
Sliding section between carriage
unit and front stay
Shaded portion
1-FL-F-O
Stay shaft Asy
Front stay
Carriage unit
2-SG-C-O
4-41
(5) Paper feed roller shaft
No.
Oil
Amount
1
SG
C
Location
Remarks
Feed roller shaft
Rear stay T
Holder T
Y517
Paper cradle
Feed roller R Asy
1-SG-C-0
4-42
(6) Shaft
No.
Oil
Amount
1
FL
C
Location lubricated
Remarks
Stay shaft
FG shaft spring
Y304
Adjustment lever L
Y307
Stay shaft Asy
1-FL-C-0
4-43
(7) Stay shaft
No.
Oil
Amount
Location
1
SG
C
Gear holder boss
2
SG
C
Change lever boss
1-SG-C-0
Change lever
Y42003
4-44
Remarks
PS Spring
Y427
2-SG-C-0
(8) Front and top covers (LA30N)
No.
Oil
Amount
Location
Remarks
1
SG
C
Hinge (two places)
Both sides
2
SG
C
Hinge (two places)
Both sides
1-SG-C-O
2-SG-C-O
4-45
(9) Front and top covers (LA30W)
No.
Oil
Amount
1
SG
C
Hinge (two places)
Both sides
2
SG
C
Hinge (two places)
Both sides
1 to 3 mm
2-SG-C-O
4-46
Location
Remarks
(2-SG-C-O)
1-SG-C-O
(10)Sheet guide assembly
No.
Oil
Amount
Location
Remarks
1
SG
C
Sliding section
Wipe off excess oil after applying
2
SG
C
Sliding section
Wipe off excess oil after applying
3
SG
C
Boss (four places)
Wipe off excess oil after applying
Sheet guide
2-SG-C-O
1-SG-C-O
6 mm
4 mm
40 mm
Stopper L
Sheet guide R
Stopper R
Sheet guide L
3-SG-C-O
(1-SG-C-O)
3-SG-C-O
(2-SG-C-O)
4-47
4.10
Diagnostics
4.10.1
Self-test printing
Self-test printing produces test pages independent of the computer and the interface between the computer and
printer. Use this function to check printer performance after component adjustment or replacement.
(1) Starting self-test printing
1. Load continuous forms at least 203 mm (8 inches) wide onto the printer to avoid printing on the platen.
2. Start self-test printing one of the following two ways:
•
Power-on initiated self-test
Turn on the power switch while holding down the FF/Load button.
•
Self-test in Set-Up mode
a.
b.
c.
Turn on the power switch while holding down the Pause button to enter Set-Up mode.
Press the ∅ button repeatedly to position the red cursor (on the plastic print guide) under TESTS then
press the ¬ button.
As the red cursor is under PRINT-T, press the ¬ button.
The printer will start self-test printing as follows:
Power-on initiated self test does not
contain header and help menu.
4-48
(2) Checking printer performance
The self-test printing pattern includes the following:
• Header (If started from Set-Up mode)
• Help menu briefly explaining how to use buttons (If started from Set-Up mode)
• Repeated printing of 80 characters per line (ASCII Hex 21 to 7E and A0 to FE)
With a color printer (color kit installed printer), 80 characters per line are printed repeatedly using seven
colors: black, magenta, cyan, violet, yellow, orange, and green.
The printed font is determined by a FONT option setting in the current active macro (Macro 1 or 2).
(3) Stopping self-test printing
•
•
If self-test printing was started from Set-Up mode:
–
To exit self-test printing and return to Normal mode (Ready state), press the Set-Up/Quit button.
–
To exit self-test printing and return to the <Function> menu in Set-Up mode, press the Exit/Save button.
If self-test printing was started with power-on:
Power off the printer.
4-49
4.10.2
Hex dump
In hex dump, the printer prints data and commands in 2-digit hexadecimal code. The interface operation is the
same as online in Normal mode. It enables the checking of character sequences the computer sends to the printer
as commands which are interpreted but not printed in regular mode. One line contains 16 two-digit hexadecimal
codes and corresponding ASCII characters.
(1) Starting hex dump printing
1. Load continuous forms at least 203 mm (8 inches) wide onto the printer to avoid printing on the platen.
2. Set the printer in Hex Dump mode one of the following two ways:
•
Power-on initiated self-test
Turn on the power switch while holding down the Protocol and Park buttons.
•
Self-test in Set-Up mode
a.
b.
c.
Turn on the power switch while holding down the Pause button to enter Set-Up mode.
Press the ∅ button repeatedly to position the red cursor (on the plastic print guide) under TESTS then
press the ¬ button.
Press the ∅ button to position the red cursor under HEX-DUMP then press the ¬ button.
Start an application program from the computer after the printer prints the header and hexadecimals 0 to F.
(2) Stopping hex dump printing
To halt or resume hex dump printing, use the Pause button.
•
To exit Hex Dump mode, power off the printer.
4-50
•
4.10.3
Control panel maintenance functions initiated when power goes on
The printer provides several maintenance functions initiated by holding buttons down when power is turned on.
Continue pressing until the printer beeps.
Table 4.4
Power-on-initiated maintenance
Button(s) pressed at Power On
Pause
Font
Macro
Protocol
Park
LF FF/Load
●
●
●
●
●
●
Type
of
test
Name
of
test
User
Logic
Internal logic test
User
Adjustment
Set-Up mode
User
Adjustment
Printing test
User
Self-test
Vertical alignment adjust
Field
Self-test
Carriage motion test
Field
Self-test
LA30N/W service test
●
●
Field
Self-test
Print head pattern test
●
●
Field
Adjustment
PLU-PLD test
Field
Adjustment
Top-of-Form adjust
Field
Adjustment
EEPROM initialize I *
Field
Adjustment
EEPROM initialize II **
User
Adjustment
Printer configuration print
User
Adjustment
Hex Dump mode
Field
Adjustment
Parallel port loopback test
Field
Adjustment
Serial port loopback test
Field
Adjustment
Menu access reset
●
●
●
Level
of
test
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●:Buttons to be held down when turning power on.
* Loads factory defaults into EEPROM and sets Normal mode.
Vertical alignment, Top-of-Forms adjustment, and left end adjustment values are not changed.
** Loads all factory defaults into EEPROM and sets Normal mode.
Vertical alignment, Top-of-Forms adjustment, and left end adjustment values are reset to their values.
4-51
CHAPTER 5 PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION
5.1
Overview
This section explains the principles of LA30N and LA30W operation. A microprocessor controls the following
basic functions:
Interface
Carriage drive
Print head drive
Paper feed drive
Ribbon shift drive (color option)
Figure 5.1 gives the function sequence:
Carriage drive
Print head drive
Paper feed drive
Figure 5.1
Function sequence
5-1
5.2
Mechanical Operation
5.2.1
Print head drive
The print head consists of 24 wires in six columns (see Figure 5.2). The print head has 24 electromagnets that
drive armatures. When not printing, the armature is set at the stopper by the coil spring connected to the wire.
During printing, the coil for the dot to be printed is excited, the armature is drawn in the direction indicated by
the arrow, and the armature pushes the wire in the same direction.
The wire is guided to the top of the print head through four wire guides. When the armature is attracted by the
magnet, it snaps the wire against the ribbon, printing a dot.
When coil excitation ends, the armature is returned to the stopper by the coil spring’s elasticity and waits for the
next operation.
Wire
Armature
24 wires in
6 columns
Coil spring
Head
surface
Printing side
Stopper
Wire guide
Coil
Guides
PC board
Figure 5.2
5-2
Print head
5.2.2
Carriage drive
The print head carriage is moved by the 4-phase space motor (SP motor in the recommended spare parts) in the
left corner of the frame.
The drive pulley on the space motor shaft is connected to the tension pulley at the right corner of the frame
through the timing belt.
The print head carriage is on the stay shaft parallel to the platen and the front stay (rack rail) fixed on the front of
the frame so that it moves in parallel with the platen axis.
The print head carriage is fixed on a part of the timing belt so that it moves left or right along the platen as the
space motor rotates.
Space motor
Timing belt
Carriage
Front stay
Stay shaft
Figure 5.3
Carriage drive
5-3
5.2.3
Ribbon feed
Ribbon is fed by the ribbon feeder on the bottom of the print head carriage. This mechanism links carriage
movement to ribbon movement so that the ribbon moves in one direction, regardless of whether the carriage
moves left or right.
The ribbon feeder receives power from the front stay (rack rail) through the RF gear. Power is transmitted to
gear C, a planet gear. Gear C engages one of two gears, depending on carriage movement. When the carriage
moves from right to left, gear C directly engages the ribbon drive shaft gear. When the carriage moves from left
to right, it engages the idle gear, which in turn engages the ribbon drive shaft gear.
The planet gear makes the ribbon drive shaft rotate in one direction (counterclockwise), regardless of its engagement.
RF gear
Arm
Ribbon bracket
RF shaft
Idle gear
Gear C
Front stay (rack rail)
Figure 5.4
5-4
Ribbon feed
5.2.4
Paper feed
Paper is fed by the 4-phase paper feed motor (LF motor) on the left side of the frame which rotates the platen
and operates the tractor unit.
The LF motor gear transmits power to the platen gear through idle gears A and B.
When the tractor unit is installed at the rear of the printer for use as a push tractor, the paper select lever is set
toward the back of the printer (continuous forms side). With this setting, power is also transmitted to the tractor
gear through idle gear C because this gear shifts along its shaft and engages both gear B and the tractor gear.
When the tractor unit is installed on the top of the platen for use as a pull tractor, the platen gear transmits power
to the tractor gear through idle gear D. This power transmission is valid regardless of setting of the paper select
lever, but the paper select lever must be set toward the back of the printer when the tractor unit is used as a pull
tractor.
Continuous forms are fed by both the tractor unit and the platen. Cut sheets are fed by the platen only. These
operations are explained in the sections that follow, together with autoloading/unloading and paper end detection.
Tractor (PULL)
Tractor gear
Platen roll
Platen gear
Gear D
Gear A
LF motor gear
Gear C
Tractor (PUSH)
Gear B
Tractor gear
Figure 5.5
Paper feed path
5-5
(1) Continuous forms feeding
A pair of left and right pin belt tractors on the square tractor shaft feed continuous forms. The tractor is installed
above the printer as a pull tractor or on the back as a push tractor.
a. Push tractor
Continuous forms, fed by pin belt tractors, advance along the card guide on the carriage, then move up over the
platen. After passing the card guide, forms are pinched by the platen and bail rollers to remove slack.
Bail roller (*)
* For the bail roller, its support
mechanism differs with LA30N
and LA30W. This is for LA30N.
Platen
Card guide
Carriage
Tractor shaft
Pin belt
Card guide
Continuous forms
Platen
Figure 5.6
5-6
Continuous form feeding (push-feed tractor)
b. Pull tractor
Continuous forms fed from the bottom slot, advance along the card guide on the carriage, then, move up over the
platen.
Platen
Card guide
Platen
Continuous forms
Card guide
Figure 5.7
Continuous form feeding (pull-feed tractor)
5-7
(2) Cut-sheet feeding
As the platen rotates, a cut sheet is pinched between the feed roller and platen and fed forward.
To pass the printing section, the sheet is guided by the card guide and fed further between the bail roller and the
platen.
Bail roller (*)
* For the bail roller, its
support mechanism differs
with LA30N and LA30W.
This is for LA30N.
Platen
Card guide
Feed roller
Cut sheet
Card guide
Platen
Figure 5.8
5-8
Cut-sheet feeding
(3) Paper selection
Since continuous forms and cut sheets are fed differently, the paper feed mechanism is based on the type of
paper.
When the paper select lever is switched from the continuous forms location (back) to the cut-sheet location
(front) as shown below, gear C slides off the tractor gear and stops transmitting rotation to the continuous forms
feed tractor. At the same time, the paper select lever operates the link mechanism then activates the microswitch
to indicate the cut-sheet select status. The printer is now ready to feed cut sheets.
To change the printer back to the continuous forms selection (either push tractor feed or pull tractor feed), turn
the paper select lever to the continuous forms location (back).
Paper select lever
Gear C
Tractor gear
Link mechanism
Microswitch
Figure 5.9
Paper selection
5-9
(4) Autoloading
In autoloading, paper is loaded up to a specified position without turning the platen knob. Once the FF/Load
button on the control panel is pressed, the carriage moves to the center. The LF motor then drives the paper feed
mechanism to feed paper. Paper is guided by the card guide on the carriage and pinched between the bail rollers
and the platen. Paper is always loaded up to the specified position which is set separately for cut sheets and
continuous forms. The paper is loaded until it is detected by the reflection photosensor on the card guide.
Bail roller (*)
Platen
Card guide
Reflection
photosensor
* For the bail roller, its support
mechanism differs with LA30N
and LA30W. This is for LA30W.
Figure 5.10
a. Continuous forms (push tractor only)
1. Turn the paper select lever back.
2. Load continuous forms onto the tractor.
3. Press the FF/Load button.
b. Cut sheets
1. Turn the paper select lever forward.
2. Load a cut sheet onto the cut-sheet stand.
3. Press the FF/Load button.
5-10
Autoloading
(5) Paper end detection
a. Cut sheet
The presence of paper and paper near end position are detected by sensor A, an interrupt photosensor in the
sensor T assembly. When there is paper, the paper shields the sensor light path.
The top edge of paper is detected by sensor B, a reflection photosensor on the card guide. When paper is not
loaded, the light emitted from the photosensor is not reflected because the platen is black. When paper is loaded,
the light is reflected from paper.
Sensor T assy
Sensor A
Cut sheet
Light path
Sensor B
Figure 5.11
Paper end detection (cut sheet)
5-11
b. Continuous forms fed via push tractor
The top of continuous forms is detected by sensor B (detailed in Figure 5.11) and by feeler 1 linked to sensor C,
an interrupt sensor.
The feeler 1's movement is transmitted to the sensor shield lever. When there is paper, the paper pushes down
feeler 1 and the shield lever opens the sensor light path.
Paper end is detected by feeler 2 on the tractor unit. It is approximate 80 mm from the print position.
Push tractor
Feeler 2
Continuous forms
Feeler 1
Sensor C
Figure 5.12
5-12
Paper end detection (continuous forms via push-feed tractor))
c. Continuous forms fed via pull tractor from the bottom slot
Paper end is detected by feeler 3 linked to sensor C (detailed in Figure 5.12).
It is approximate 35 mm from the print position.
d. Continuous forms fed via pull tractor from the rear side
Paper end is detected by feeler 3 linked to sensor C.
Continuous forms
Pull tractor
Feeler 1
Feeler 3
Figure 5.13
Paper end detection (continuous forms via pull-feed tractor)
5-13
5.2.5
Print head gap control (paper thickness adjustment)
The print head is mounted on the carriage which is guided by the stay shaft. The stay shaft is eccentric because
it has adjustment levers R and L, on each side, that engage eccentrically with side frames. Turning levers adjusts
the parallelism of the stay shaft to the platen, thus making the print head gap equal between right end and left
end.
The eccentric stay shaft is also rotated by the copy control lever which is linked to the paper thickness lever.
The paper thickness lever is set toward the platen to reduce the gap or away to increase it. The paper thickness
lever is adjustable to nine different locations (1 to 5 and A to D), each corresponding to about a 0.05 mm change
in the gap.
Side frame
Stay shaft
Side frame
Copy control lever
(linked to paper
thickness lever)
Adjustment lever L
Adjustment lever R
Figure 5.14
5-14
Print head gap control
5.2.6
Color ribbon shift motor (option)
The stepping motor turns the eccentric cam to move the ribbon shift lever, which lifts the color ribbon cartridge
to the location of a selected color (one of the four colors).
If a monochrome ribbon cartridge is loaded, the color printer works as a monochrome printer.
Color ribbon cartridge
Ribbon shift lever
Stepping motor
Eccentric cam
Figure 5.15
Color ribbon shift motor
5-15
5.2.7
Option detection mechanism
This printer has the mechanism that automatically detects whether the tractor unit is installed as a push tractor or
a pull tractor.
Installing the tractor unit at the rear of the printer pushes down the feeler and raises shield plate A as shown
below. The photosensor on the bottom of the carriage detects this condition and determines that the push tractor
is mounted.
Platen
Feeler
Up for push tractor
Carriage unit
Shield plate A
Figure 5.16
5-16
Option detection mechanism
5.3
Electrical Operation
This section briefly explains circuits and how they operate.
5.3.1
System configuration
The LGHIC (includes Fujitsu MB90706 MPU) receives data and commands from the host computer and controls
the printing mechanism (Figures 5.17 and 5.18).
Printer
Printer control board
(Main board)
Controller
LGHIC
Control
panel
Host
computer
Interface
controller
Interface
controller
(Centronics)
(RS-423)
Sensors
Printing
mechanism
Driver
circuit
Power supply
unit
Figure 5.17
System configuration
5-17
Sensors:
Paper select
Paper end
Power supply
Color ribbon
shift motor
Sensors:
Left end
CNHD3
CNHD1
AC input
100 ~ 200 VAC or
220 ~ 240 VAC
100 V: PW31AA
200 V: PW31BA
CNHD2
CNPW
INFCEN
CNSEN
Print head
Control board (main board)
RC95AA
Centronics
RS-423
CNLF
CNSP
CNOP
RO93BF
Paper feed Carriage
motor
motor
Control panel
Figure 5.18
5-18
Connection diagram
RS423
CN423
RS95AA
The LA30N/LA30W controller (Figure 5.17) consists of an printed circuit board, called the printer control board
or the main board with ROM. The MPU controls operation under control of programs in ROM.
(1) Printer control board (ROM board)
The printer control board governs the interface, memory, and mechanism. It is also called ROM board. The
name on the Recommended Spare Parts List is “main board with ROM”.
Interface:
The LA30N/LA30W provides two types of interface –– Centronics parallel and RS-423 serial. Interface drivers
and receivers convert signals voltage levels.
Controller:
The controller consists mainly of the customized LGHIC, alarm detector (voltage comparator), and reset controller. The LGHIC controls interface communication with the computer and memory devices, RAM, ROM, motor
drivers, and print head pin magnet drivers (Figures 5.20 and 5.21).
Memory:
Memory consists of program ROM, character generator (CG) ROM, RAM, and EEPROM.
Drivers:
Drivers include print head and motor drivers and an alarm detector (voltage comparator). The print head and
motor drivers increase power, and supply it to the print head, the carriage motor, the paper feed motor, and the
optional ribbon shift motor.
Alarm detector:
The alarm detector checks the level of +34 V for each driver and the temperature of the print head.
(2) Power supply unit
The power supply unit supplies power to logic and driver circuits on the printer control board.
(3) Sensors
Sensors (phototransistors and a microswitch) detect status of the printing mechanism such as left-end position of
the carriage, paper presence on the platen, setting position of the paper select lever, and installation of options.
(4) Control panel
The control panel –– (7 push-buttons, 16 LEDs, a buzzer, and a control LSI) enables the user to communicate
with the printer.
5-19
5-20
Interface
Interface
Buzzer
RS-423 board
LGHIC
Driver/
receiver
MPU
Control board (main board)
D-RAM
(Data, etc.)
ROM
(CG)
ROM
(Programs)
(Centronics)
Driver/
receiver
Address
Data
Alarm
detector
HDLSI
Power stop
Reset
Multisensor
+34V check +34V
check
Push buttons
and LEDs
+5V
+34V
OPLSI
LSI1
Control panel
Power supply
Figure 5.19
Driver
Print head
Color
Thermal
Driver
Driver
Driver
Ribbon
shift
motor
(option)
Carriage
motor
Paper
feed
motor
Printing mechanism
Controller block diagram
Sensors
and switch
Sensor board
The MPU (MB90706) has the following main functions:
Timing controller
Dynamic RAM controller
Address decoder
Interface controller
Motor controller
ADDRESS
CPU
F2MC-16
X0
X1
RST
DATA
CLK
Clock
control
circuit
Space motor
control circuit
DATA01~08
EXPRM
INPRM
DSTB
*ACK
BUSY
*FAULT
SLCT
*AFXT
*SLCTIN
*FLTO
*RC
RCD
*DTR
*TD
*RTD
*RD
*DSR
*CTS
*CD
Centronics
interface
control
circuit
Paper feed
motor control
circuit
RS-232C
interface
control
circuit
*SDIN
SPM00~03
SPI01~02
LFM00~03
LFI01~02
Color ribbon
shift motor
control circuit
CLM00~03
Quasi-SRAM
and DRAM
controller
MA00~01
*RAS
*CAS
*CASH
Control panel
control citcuit
*OPDOT
*SHIFT
*LOAD
*CS00X~04X
*THSN
MPSEN
LV34
Chip select
decoder
Analog to
digital
converter
*IOSX
*OASX
8×8 data
converter
Timer
control
circuit
*LOAD
HDTIN
BZCLK
Figure 5.20
MB90706 block diagram
5-21
The HDLSI(LSI 2: MBCU20050) has the following main functions:
Head pin magnet drive controller
Output port
TIMER1
A01~A05
*EXIOCS
*IOWRL
*IOWRH
*IORD
CLK
Print head
driver and
controller
Address
decoder
PD01~24
Flyback
controller
Division
circuit
FLYBK01~06
D00~D15
I/O port
OUT00~07
IN00~IN04
HDALM00~06
Alarm
detection
circuit
SPALMS
SPALML
LFALMS
LFALML
*DVALM
Figure 5.21
5-22
*POWST
MBCU20050 block diagram
5.3.2
Main controller
The main controller circuit of the printer –– the MB90706 MPU –– has a bus connected to 4M-bit ROM, two16M-bit ROMs, 128K word x 16-bit RAM, and a control LSI. Firmware functions are built into the 4M-bit
ROM and one of the two 16M-bit ROMs is reserved for optional CG data.
000000
I/O and
work RAM
5FFFFF
600000
ROM
Program ROM
ROM
Resident CG
ROM
Resident CG
(optional)
RAM
Buffer RAM
A00000
C00000
E00000
FFFFFF
Figure 5.22
Memory configuration
Main firmware ROM has a capacity of 4M bits and contains resident emulation programs.
5-23
Table 5.1 shows the memory address map.
Table 5.1
Memory address map
Address area (hex)
Size (bytes)
000000 ~ 0000BF
192
0000C0 ~ 0000FF
64
I/O area (external)
000100 ~ 00037F
640
Work RAM (direct addressing)
000380 ~ 5FFFFF
5.9M
600000 ~ DFFFFF
8M
Read
Program access
E00000 ~ EFFFFF
1M
Read
Program access (extended)
Write
RAM (extended)
Read
Program access
Write
RAM (receive/download buffer)
F00000 ~ FFFFFF
1M
Read/Write
Read/Write
Description
I/O area (direct addressing)
Work RAM (extended addressing)
Two programs –– the initialization program and the program first read to the MPU –– are installed in ROM. The
MPU starts operating after these programs are executed from ROM. The printer uses different address areas for
the resident character generator and work RAM.
5-24
5.3.3
Interface control
(1) Centronics parallel interface
Received data DATA1 to DATA8 is latched to the internal MPU register just after the falling edge of the Strobe
signal *DSTB. The BUSY signal goes high.
The MPU recognizes that data has been received and stores the information in the receive buffer or processes it
immediately. After the operation finishes, the MPU issues the *ACK signal and the BUSY signal goes low.
*DSTB
DATA 1
to
DATA 8
BUSY
*ACK
Figure 5.23
Centronics parallel interface signal timing
5-25
(2) RS-423 serial interface
The serial interface control circuit is basically the same as the Centronics circuit, except that it has a serialparallel converter. Serial data sent to the interface circuit input terminal is converted to TTL by the receiver IC
and applied to the MPU (MB90706), which converts serial data to parallel. The MPU recognizes that data has
been received and stores the information in the receive buffer or processes it immediately. The MPU may send
out buffer status information such as DC1/DC3 (buffer near empty or buffer full) from the serial interface output
terminal, depending on the selected protocol. It may also change the status such as DTR (ready to accept data)
under certain protocols.
Read data
DSR
ST D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 SP
RD
Transmitted data
TR
ST D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 SP
SD
Note:
If the signal line TR is open, the printer ignores control related to this signal.
Figure 5.24
5-26
RS-423 serial interface signal timing
5.3.4
Carriage motor control
The 4-phase carriage motor, is driven by a constant current chopper drive circuit and six control signals:
SPM0:
SPM1:
SPM2:
SPM3:
SPI1, 2:
This signal drives phase A of the carriage motor.
This signal drives phase B of the carriage motor.
This signal drives phase C of the carriage motor.
This signal drives phase D of the carriage motor.
These signals switch the carriage motor phase current. Four current levels can be selected for
high speed, low speed, and stop.
+34V
LGHIC
MPU
MB90706
SPM0 to 3
or
LFM0 to 3
SP or LF motor
SPIL, SPI2
or
LFI1, LFI2
RAM
HDLSI
MBCU20050
POWST
SPALM2 or LFALML
SPALMS or LFALMS
Figure 5.25
Fire
check
circuit
Stepping motor drive circuit
5-27
The MPU receives phase excitation data for the stepping motor and sends data to turn the motor drive HIC on or
off. Data is set to high for a phase to be excited. Motor rotation is controlled by sequentially changing the
excitation of the four phases.
Slew control is applied when motor rotation starts or stops:
Start:
Stop:
Gradual acceleration. The excitation period gradually is made shorter.
Gradual deceleration. The excitation period gradually is made longer.
The motor drive HIC outputs constant current power based on the motor drive mode (idle, low and high speed).
To give a correct torque to the motor in each drive mode, the MPU outputs drive current control signals SPI1 and
SPI2 to the motor drive HIC.
Phase switching is controlled by the timer in the MPU (Figure 5.26).
AB
A
B
BC
Figure 5.26
5-28
DA
D
C
CD
Phase switching and carriage drive direction
The LA30N/LA30W printer has several spacing speeds, and drives the carriage either by 1/2 phase or 2-phase
excitation, based on speed (Figure 5.27).
High-speed draft
330
2-phase
excitation
Draft
300
NLQ (*2)
200
(*1)
(*1)
Letter quality
100
1/2-phase
excitation
Speed (10 cpi)
cps
Time
*1 Slewing
*2 Near-letter-quality, also called correspondence
Figure 5.27
Relationship between carriage drive speed and phase excitation
5-29
Figures 5.28 and 5.29 show 1/2-phase and 2-phase excitation.
Idle
Operating
SPI1, 2
SPM0
(φA)
SPM1
(φB)
SPM2
(φC)
SPM3
(φD)
Drive
phase
A A B B C C D D A A B B C C D D A A
B
C
D
A
B
C
D
A
B
Figure 5.28 Carriage drive 1/2-phase excitation at low speed
SPI1, 2
SPM1
(φA)
SPM2
(φB)
SPM3
(φC)
SPM4
(φD)
Drive
phase
D A A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C
A D B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D A B C D
Figure 5.29
5-30
Carriage drive 2-phase excitation at high speed
5.3.5
Print head control
Operation from reading print data to driving the pin magnet is as follows (Figure 5.30):
1. Print data is read from line buffer RAM.
2. Data is sent to the print control LSI, being set to high for dots to be printed.
3. Excitation and flyback absorption timers are in the HDLSI (MBCU20050).
4. Print data and excitation time are ANDed and, the result is output by the HDLSI, then the print head drive
transistor is turned on.
MPU
LGHIC
MB90706
HDLSI
MBCU20050
FLYBK1
~FLYBK6
+34V
Flyback
absorbing
circuit
PD01~PD24
RAM
Figure 5.30
Print head pin magnet drive circuit
5-31
If +34 volts goes below the prescribed level during printing, the printer splits one line of printing into three-pass
printing to limit the number of pin magnets excited at the same time, thus reducing the power load. If low
voltage continues even in three-pass printing, an alarm is generated.
Figure 5.31 shows the print timing and waveforms of the head pin magnet drive current.
Toffset
Toffset
HDTIM
PD01~PD24
(Main excitation)
FLYBK01~FLYBK06
(Flyback)
Head current
: Basic print operation timing
HDTIM
PD01~PD24
: Print head excitation time
FLYBK01~FLYBK06 : Flyback absorption time
Toffset
: Offset time (for correcting head pin location)
Figure 5.31
5-32
Print timing
5.3.6
Paper feed control
The 4-phase paper feed motor is driven by four signals:
LFM0:
LFM1:
LFM2:
LFM3:
LFI1, 2:
This signal drives phase A of the paper feed motor.
This signal drives phase B of the paper feed motor.
This signal drives phase C of the paper feed motor.
This signal drives phase D of the paper feed motor.
These signal switch the paper-feed motor phase current. Four current levels can be selected for
high speed, and stop.
Phase switching is controlled by the timer in the MPU used to determine the phase drive period. Figure 5.32
shows the relationship between phase switching and the drive direction.
AB
A
B
BC
Figure 5.32
DA
D
C
CD
Phase switching and paper feed direction
5-33
Unlike carriage spacing, paper is fed at only one speed (Figure 5.33), and driving is always done using 2-phase
excitation (Figure 5.34).
Paper
feed
speed
5.6 ips
Time
Figure 5.33
Idle
Paper feed speed
Operating
LFI1, 2
LFM0
(φA)
LFM1
(φB)
LFM2
(φC)
LFM3
(φD)
Figure 5.34
5-34
1/2-phase excitation of paper feed
5.3.7
Ribbon shift control
The 4-phase ribbon shift motor is driven by four signals:
CLM0:
CLM1:
CLM2:
CLM3:
This signal drives phase A of the ribbon shift motor.
This signal drives phase B of the ribbon shift motor.
This signal drives phase C of the ribbon shift motor.
This signal drives phase D of the ribbon shift motor.
Phase switching is controlled by the timer in the MPU used to determine the phase drive period (Figure 5.35).
AB
BC
Figure 5.35
DA
CD
Phase switching and ribbon shift direction
5-35
Unlike carriage spacing, ribbon shifting is only at one speed (Figure 5.36), and driving is always done using 1/2phase excitation (Figure 5.37).
Ribbon
shift
speed
Time
Figure 5.36
Ribbon shift stop
Ribbon shift speed
Ribbon shift in progress
CLM00
(0A)
CLM01
(0B)
CLM02
(0C)
CLM03
(0D)
Figure 5.37
5-36
Ribbon shift phase excitation
Ribbon shift stop
5.3.8
Fire check control
Figure 5.38 shows fire check circuits. The fire check protects the carriage motor (SP motor), paper feed motor
(LF motor), and color ribbon shift motor (option) from burning out if the control or drive circuit malfunctions.
Two types of fire check detections are used –– short-mode detection for an abnormal large current and longmode detection for abnormal forcible excitation.
(1) Short-mode detection
a. Detection circuit
Unusually large currents in the SP and LF motors are detected as an analog signal and output to the fire
check circuit for conversion to an ON or OFF signal.
b. Time constant circuit
The converted ON/OFF signal passes through the time constant circuit where the waveform is shaped and
the compare signal is output to the compare circuit.
c. Compare circuit
If the compare signal voltage exceeds the standard voltage of the compare circuit, the SPALMS or LFALMS
alarm signal is issued from the compare circuit to HDLSI (MBCU20050).
d. HDLSI
HDLSI outputs the PWSTOP signal to the power supply after recognizing that the alarm signal is received.
When the PWSTOP signal is output, the power supply unit (+34 V and +5 V circuits) is turned off to keep
the SP, LF, and color ribbon shift motors from burning out.
For the color ribbon shift motor (option), the detection circuit shares short mode with the SP motor. Shift
motor excitation is detected in item a, above. A fire check alarm error occurs only when an abnormal
excitation length occurs in the time constant circuit in item b, above.
(2) Long-mode detection
a. Detection circuit
Excitation of SP and LF motors is detected as an analog signal and output to the compare circuit.
b. Time constant circuit
The converted ON/OFF signal passes through the time constant circuit where the waveform is shaped and
the compare signal is output to the compare circuit.
c. Compare circuit
In forced excitation, if the analog signal voltage exceeds the standard voltage in the compare circuit, the
SPALML or LFALML alarm signal is issued from the compare circuit to HDLSI (MBCU20050).
5-37
d. HDLSI
An internal timer is started by HDLSI after the alarm signal is received and the PWSTOP signal is output to
the power supply after counting up.
If the PWSTOP signal is output, the power supply (+34 V and +5 V circuits) is turned off to keep the SP and
LF motors from burning out.
+34V
+34V
+34V
Detection circuit
Short-mode
detection
Compare circuit
Time
constant
circuit
+5V
+5V
+
–
SG1
SG1 SG1
Compare circuit
SG2
Time
constant
circuit
Detection
circuit
+5V
+5V
SG1
+
Long-mode
detection
–
SG2
SG1
SG1
SG1
LGHIC
SPALMS
LFALMS
SPALML
LFALML
Figure 5.38
5-38
HDLSI
MBCV20050
624µs
timer
PWSTOP
7s timer
27s timer
Fire check circuits
LS06
5.3.9
Control panel control
The control panel has 16 LEDs, 7 push-button switches, a buzzer, and an LSI (MB623829) to control them. The
switch contact signals and LED drive signals are transmitted between the main board and the control panel
through a flat cable. An LED drive signal is issued from the main board to the LSI as serial data which the LSI
converts into parallel data. The switch contact signals are input to the LSI as parallel data which the LSI converts into serial data and issues it to the main board.
The buzzer is driven by the 1-MHz clock signal from MPU (MB90706).
MB623829
+5V
LEDs
*OPDOT
*LOAD
*SHIFT
*BKSI
Serial-toparallel
converter
Internal
control
circuit
+5V
+5V
Switches
SGI
*SDIN
Parallel-toserial
converter
SG1
Buzzer
BZCLK
SG1
Figure 5.39
Control panel block diagram
5-39
5.3.10
Power Supply
There are two types of power supplies:
100-120 VAC input: 29-33026-01 (PW31AA)
220-240 VAC input: 29-33027-01 (PW31BA)
The power supply output voltage is +5 V for the logic circuits and +34 V for the printer mechanism drivers
(Figure 5.41).
AC input from the power connector via the power-on switch is converted to DC by rectifier and smoothing
circuits. The amount of surge current is limited by the surge current prevention circuit. The DC is converted to
a high-frequency on/off voltage by the main switching circuit. The on/off voltage is reduced to +5 V and +34 V
by the step-down transformers. These voltages are then rectified and smoothed again.
The power supply's power stop control circuit turns off +5 V and +34 V power if an overcurrent or overvoltage
occurs, or the external signal PWSTOP is received from the control board.
(1) Surge current prevention (Figure 5.41 A)
When power is turned on, the charge current flowing into capacitor C3 is limited by the negative temperature
NTC thermistor (power thermistor). The power thermistor resistance is a few ohms at room temperature and
this initial resistance suppresses surge current. After initial transition, the thermistor becomes hot and its
resistance value becomes about 1/10 of the initial value. It does not suppress current in the steady (hot) state.
When the power is turned off and on simultaneously by the user or a instantaneous power drop on the AC line,
this system has a little effect to suppress inrush current because the power thermistor is still in a hot condition.
(2) Rectifying and smoothing (Figure 5.41 B)
The full-wave rectifier charges C03, generating DC between the DC+ and DC– terminals of C03 (Figure 5.40).
Rectifier circuit
Thermistor
AC input
C03
Figure 5.40
5-40
Surge current prevention circuit
AC
inlet
Fuse SW
Noise
filter
B
A
B
C
Rectifier
circuit
Surge
current
prevention
circuit
Smoothing
circuit
Main
switching
circuit
3-terminal
regulator
Rectifier
circuit
Smoothing
circuit
+5 V
Rectifier
circuit
Smoothing
circuit
+34 V
Overvoltage
detection
circuit
Power stop
control
circuit
Power supply unit
Figure 5.41
Power supply block diagram
PWSTOP
5-41
(3) Main voltage regulation switching (Figure 5.41 C)
Smoothed DC voltage is converted to high-frequency on/off voltage by changing the frequency and duty of the
on/off voltage pulse (Table 5.2).
Table 5.2
Voltage
+5 V
+34 V
Voltage regulation switching control
Switching control
Self-activated
flyback converter
Regulation control
Frequency change
(duty also changed)
Frequency
20 kHz to
250 kHz
(4) Protection
a. Primary circuit protection
A fuse is equipped between the power inlet and the power switch. The fuse holder is near the power switch on
the power supply board. The fuse has the following fuse rating:
100 to 120 VAC input: 6.0 A, 125 VAC
220 to 240 VAC input: 3.15 A, 250 VAC
If the rectifier and smoothing circuits (Figure 5.41 B) or the main switching circuit (Figure 5.41 C) malfunctions
causing a short circuit, the fuse is blown to prevent a secondary failure.
5-42
b. Secondary circuit protection
Overcurrent protection (OCP)
If a short circuit occurs at the load, overcurrent protection starts for the current range below (Table 5.3) to
prevent the current from increasing, thus lowering output voltage.
Table 5.3
Voltage
Overcurrent protection
Overcurrent detection
Protection
+5 V
1.0 A or more
Foldback
+34 V
4.3 A or more
Foldback
Overvoltage protection (OVP)
If a malfunction occurs in the power control system, the following protection starts to prevent overvoltage at the
output (Table 5.4).
Table 5.4
Voltage
+5 V
+34 V
Overvoltage protection
Action
If +5 V output reaches +6 V or more, the overvoltage protection circuit in the internal
power unit detects the overvoltage and turns off the main switching circuit.
The *PWSTOP signal goes high to turn off the main switching circuit if the logic circuit
detects that the +34 V output is over +39 V. Then +5 V and +34 V outputs are turned off.
5-43
(5) External signal
The power supply receives the PWSTOP signal (Power Stop signal, connector pin No. 2) from other printer
components that enables the printer controller to turn off +5 V and +34 V outputs even if problem that can result
in power failure occurs outside the power supply.
When power is turned on, the PWSTOP signal is kept low and +5 V and +34 V output go to the prescribed
values.
When the PWSTOP signal is made to go high due to a failure, +5 V and +34 V are cut off (Figure 5.42).
Power on
AC input
Power control failure
PWSTOP
+5 V
+34 V
Figure 5.42
5-44
PWSTOP signal
5.4
Firmware Overview
LA30N/LA30W firmware, stored in ROM, is separated into three independent software groups, –– interpreter
control, print control, and base control (Figure 5.43).
Epson ESC/P2
IBM Proprinter X24E/XL24E
Digital PPL2
3
2
Host interface
control, control
panel control
Level 1 interrupt
Interpreter control group 1
Print
information
Print control group
Level 2 interrupt
Print request,
paper feed request, etc.
Host
Base control group
(engine and interface control)
Level 3 interrupt
Centronics
or
RS-423
Figure 5.43
Firmware configuration
The interpreter control group analyzes the individual command to each emulation. The print group control is the
software module used in common by all emulations in CG control (bit map, scalable), image control, and bar
code pattern generation such as picture drawing. The base control group executes BIOS control for the host
interface, mechanism section, control panel, and memory.
5-45
CHAPTER 6 RECOMMENDED SPARE PARTS
The following table lists parts and product numbers to be used when ordering spare parts. It also indicates the
sections that explain the replacement.
No
Part name
Product number Section to be
referred to
Remarks
LA30N/W
1
Main board with ROM
29-33022-01
4.9.1 (8)
ROM board or control board Common
2
OP board
29-33023-01
4.9.1 (4)
Control panel
Common
3
RS423 board
29-33024-01
4.9.1 (7)
Serial board
Common
4
Sensor T assy
29-33025-01
4.9.1 (12)
For cut sheet paper end
Common
5
Power unit (110V)
Power unit (220V)
29-33026-01
29-33027-01
4.9.1 (6)
100-120 VAC (UL/CSA) Common
220-240 VAC (TÜV)
6
Sensor sub assy
29-33028-01
29-33215-01
(4.9.1 (16))
For continuous forms
paper end
7
Fuse 125V 6A
Fuse 250V 3.15A
29-33029-01
29-33030-01
4.9.1 (6)
8
Space motor assy
29-33033-01
4.9.1 (11)
SP motor assy
Common
9
LF motor
29-33034-01
4.9.1 (10)
Paper feed motor
Common
10
Printer mecha assy
29-33035-01
29-33214-01
4.9.1 (5)
Printing mechanism
LA30N
LA30W
11
Platen roll assy
29-33036-01
29-33216-01
4.9.1 (9)
Platen
LA30N
LA30W
12
Platen knob
29-33037-01
4.9.1 (3)
13
Change lever
29-33038-01
(4.9.1 (15))
Paper select lever
Common
14
Lever
29-33077-01
(4.9.1 (3))
Paper thickness lever
Common
15
PS spring
29-33039-01
(4.9.1 (15))
In gear assy (paper select) Common
16
Carrier unit
29-33040-01
29-33217-01
4.9.1 (13)
Carriage unit
17
Tractor unit
29-33041-01
29-33218-01
4.9.1 (2)
LA30N
LA30W
18
Front cover
29-33042-01
29-33219-01
4.9.1 (3)
LA30N
LA30W
19
Top cover
29-33043-01
29-33220-01
4.9.1 (3)
LA30N
LA30W
20
Sound proof cover
29-33044-01
29-33221-01
4.9.1 (1)
21
Bail roller unit
29-33068-01
–––––
22
Copy control lever
29-33069-01
(4.9.1 (13))
LA30N
LA30W
Common
Common
Acoustic cover
LA30N
LA30W
LA30N
LA30W
LA30N only
Linked to paper thickness lever Common
6-1
No
Part name
Product number Section to be
referred to
Remarks
LA30N/W
23
Card guide assy
29-33070-01
4.9.1 (17)
Plastic print guide
Common
24
Side cover
29-33071-01
(4.9.1 (3))
Shutter for interface port
Common
25
Sheet guide sub assy
29-33072-01
29-33222-01
–––––
Cut-sheet stand
LA30N
LA30W
26
Timing belt
29-33073-01
29-33223-01
(4.9.1 (13))
27
Feed roller assy
29-33074-01
29-33224-01
(4.9.1 (16))
In paper feeder assy
28
Relay cable assy
29-33075-01
(4.9.1 (13))
Brown cable to print head Common
29
Carrier cable assy
29-33076-01
(4.9.1 (13))
White cable to print head Common
30
Upper cover sub assy
29-33699-01
29-33700-01
4.9.1 (3)
31
Gear assy
29-33701-01
4.9.1 (15)
Paper feed
Common
32
Ribbon feed assy
29-33702-01
4.9.1 (14)
Ribbon feed
Common
33
Paper feed assy
29-33703-01
29-33704-01
4.9.1 (16)
Paper feed
LA30N
LA30W
34
Fuse 125V 4A
Fuse 250V 2.5A
29-33706-01
29-33707-01
4.9.1 (6)
LA30N
LA30W
LA30N
LA30W
LA30N
LA30W
Common
( ) in the "Section to be referred to" column means the section can be used for replacing the part.
The "Remarks" column includes aliases of the part names generally used on this manual and the user
guide.
6-2
TM
Printed in Ireland
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