EchoLife HG520 Home Gateway
User Manual
HUAWEI
EchoLife HG520 Home Gateway
User Manual
V100R001
Huawei Technologies Proprietary
EchoLife HG520 Home Gateway
User Manual
Manual Version T2-20050627-V1.10
Product Version V100R001
Huawei
Technologies
Co.,
Ltd.
provides
customers
with
comprehensive technical support and service. Please feel free to
contact our local office or company headquarters.
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Address: Administration Building, Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.,
Bantian, Longgang District, Shenzhen, P. R. China
Postal Code: 518129
Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com
Huawei Technologies Proprietary
Copyright © 2005 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All Rights Reserved
No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form
or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies
Co., Ltd.
Trademarks
, HUAWEI are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this manual are
the property of their respective holders.
Notice
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice.
Every effort has been made in the preparation of this manual to ensure
accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this manual do not constitute the warranty of any
kind, express or implied.
Huawei Technologies Proprietary
About This Manual
Release Notes
This manual applies to HG520 V100R001.
Related Manuals
The related manuals are listed in the following table.
Manual
Content
EchoLife HG520 Home
Gateway User Manual
It is used for assisting you in data
configurations and typical applications.
EchoLife HG520 Home
Gateway Quick Quide
It will guide you to install HG520
quickly.
Organization
The manual introduces the system structure, hardware description,
configuration guide of the HG510.
There are four chapters in the manual.
Chapter 1 System Overview profiles the system characteristics,
main functions, system structure, external interfaces and networking
applications of the HG520.
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Chapter 2 Hardware Description focuses on the hardware modules
of the HG520. It discusses in detail the structure and configuration of
the hardware system of the equipment. This chapter covers the front
panel, real panel and the HG520 connection.
Chapter 3 Preparing Configuration
Chapter 4 Quick Setup presents the quick setup configuration of the
HG520 step by step.
Chapter 5 Advanced Setup presents the advanced setup
configuration of the HG520 step by step.
Chapter 6 Wireless Setup presents the wireless setup configuration
of the HG520 step by step.
Chapter 7 Diagnostics presents the diagnostics service of the
HG520 .
Chapter 8 Management presents the management service of the
HG520 .
Chapter 9 Device Info presents the device info of the HG520 .
Chapter 10 Technical Specifications presents the technical
specification of the HG520.
Chapter 11 Appendix
includes the abbreviations and acronyms
used in this manual.
Intended Audience
The manual is intended for the following readers:
Huawei Technologies Proprietary
z
Technical marketing specialists
z
Installation engineers and technicians
z
Operation and maintenance personnel
Conventions
The manual uses the following conventions:
I. General conventions
Convention
Description
Arial
Normal paragraphs are in Arial.
Boldface
Headings are in Boldface.
II. GUI conventions
Convention
Description
<>
Button names are inside angle brackets. For
example, click the <OK> button.
[]
Window names, menu items, data table and
field names are inside square brackets. For
example, pop up the [New User] window.
/
Multi-level menus are separated by forward
slashes. For example, [File/Create/Folder].
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III. Symbols
Eye-catching symbols are also used in this manual to highlight the
points worthy of special attention during the operation. They are
defined as follows:
Caution, Warning, Danger: Means reader be extremely careful
during the operation.
Note, Comment, Tip, Knowhow, Thought: Means a
complementary description.
IV. Environmental Protection
This product has been designed to comply with the requirements on
environmental protection. For the proper storage, use and disposal of
this product, national laws and regulations must be observed.
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User Manual
EchoLife HG520 Home Gateway
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 System Overview ............................................................ 1
1.1 System Features ................................................................... 1
1.2 System Requirements........................................................... 2
Chapter 2 Hardware Description..................................................... 3
2.1 Front Panel............................................................................ 3
2.2 Rear Panel ............................................................................ 4
2.3 Connecting the Hardware ..................................................... 5
Chapter 3 Preparing Configuration................................................. 8
3.1 Setup..................................................................................... 8
3.2 Establishing the Connection ................................................. 8
Chapter 4 Quick Setup ................................................................... 11
4.1 Configuring PPPoE ............................................................ 11
4.2 Configuring IPoA ................................................................. 19
4.3 Configuring Bridge .............................................................. 25
4.4 Configuring MER................................................................. 32
4.5 Configuring PPPoA ............................................................. 32
Chapter 5 Advanced Setup............................................................ 34
5.1 Configuring WAN ................................................................ 35
5.2 Configuring LAN.................................................................. 35
5.3 Configuring NAT.................................................................. 36
5.3.1 Virtual Servers Configuration ................................... 36
5.3.2 Port Triggering Configuration ................................... 38
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5.3.3 DMZ Host Configuration........................................... 39
5.4 Configuring Security............................................................ 40
5.4.1 Outgoing IP Filtering Configuration .......................... 40
5.4.2 Incoming IP Filtering Configuration .......................... 42
5.4.3 Parental Control Configuration ................................. 44
5.5 Configuring Quality of Service ............................................ 46
5.6 Configuring Routing ............................................................ 48
5.6.1 Default Gateway Configuration ................................ 49
5.6.2 Static Route Configuration ....................................... 50
5.6.3 RIP Configuration ..................................................... 51
5.7 Configuring DNS ................................................................. 53
5.7.1 DNS Server Configuration........................................ 53
5.7.2 Dynamic DNS Configuration .................................... 54
5.8 Configuring DSL.................................................................. 56
5.9 Configuring Port Mapping ................................................... 57
Chapter 6 Wireless Setup .............................................................. 60
6.1 Configuring Basic Features................................................. 60
6.2 Configuring Security............................................................ 61
6.2.1 WEP Configuration ................................................... 61
6.2.2 802.1X Configuration................................................ 63
6.2.3 WPA/WPA2 Configuration........................................ 64
6.2.4 WPA/WPA2-PSK Configuration ............................... 65
6.3 Configuring MAC Filter........................................................ 66
6.4 Configuring Wireless Bridge ............................................... 68
6.5 Configuring Advanced Setting ............................................ 69
6.6 Viewing Station Info ............................................................ 71
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Table of Contents
Chapter 7 Diagnostics.................................................................... 73
Chapter 8 Management .................................................................. 74
8.1 Settings ............................................................................... 74
8.2 Viewing System Log ........................................................... 78
8.3 Configuring SNMP Agent.................................................... 81
8.4 Configuring Internet Time ................................................... 81
8.5 Configuring Access Control ............................................... 82
8.6 Updating Software............................................................... 85
8.7 Auto Update ........................................................................ 86
8.8 Save/Reboot ....................................................................... 88
Chapter 9 Device Info ..................................................................... 89
9.1 Summary............................................................................. 89
9.2 WAN.................................................................................... 89
9.3 Statistics.............................................................................. 90
9.3.1 LAN/WAN ................................................................. 90
9.3.2 ATM .......................................................................... 91
9.3.3 ADSL ........................................................................ 92
9.4 Route................................................................................... 94
9.5 ARP..................................................................................... 94
Chapter 10 Technical Specifications ............................................ 96
Chapter 11 Abbreviations .............................................................. 99
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Chapter 1 System Overview
Chapter 1 System Overview
Welcome to purchase the EchoLife HG520 ADSL AP router. With
the HG520, you can access the Internet.
This User Manual will show you how to install and set up the
HG520.
1.1 System Features
z
Built-in ADSL modem for high speed Internet access
z
Network Address Translation (NAT) and IP filtering functions
to provide network sharing and firewall protection for your
computers
z
4-port switch to build your own local network
z
Easy configuration through a web browser
z
IEEE 802.11g 54Mbit/s Access Point
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Chapter 1 System Overview
1.2 System Requirements
In order to use the HG520 ADSL AP router, you need to have the
following:
z
ADSL service up and running on your telephone line, with at
least one public Internet address for your LAN.
z
One or more computers each containing an Ethernet
10Base-T/100Base-T network interface card (NIC) or
wireless network adapter.
z
For system configuration, use the supplied web-based
program: a web browser such as Internet Explorer V5.0 or
later, or Netscape V4.7 or later .
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Chapter 2 Hardware Description
Chapter 2 Hardware Description
In addition to this manual, the HG510 shall arrive with the
following:
Item
Quantity
HG520 ADSL AP router
1
Power adapter
1
Ethernet cable
1
Phone cable
1
Splitter
1
Product certificate, Qualitication Card
1
HUAWEI EchoLife HG520 Quick Start
1
CD
1
2.1 Front Panel
The front panel provides LEDs that indicate the status of the
HG520.
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Chapter 2 Hardware Description
Table 2-1 lists the LED indicators
Label
PWR
LAN1-4
Color
Green
Green
Function
On: The device is powered on
Off: The device is powered off
On: The LAN link established and active
Off: No LAN link
Flashes during data transfer
DSL
Green
Flashes during the ADSL training mode
On: ADSL link established and active
On: The device is active
Tx/Rx
WLAN
Green
Green
Flashes during data transfer through ADSL
line
On: The WLAN enabled
Off: The WLAN disabled
Flashes during data transfer
2.2 Rear Panel
The rear panel provides ports for the HG520 to receive/send data
and get power supply.
Figure 2-1 Rear Panel of HG520
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Chapter 2 Hardware Description
Table 2-2 lists ports function
Interface
Function
Power Button
Switches the device on and off
Power Jack
Connects to the power adapter cable
Press the reset button for 2 seconds and the
HG520 will be restarted (rebooted).
Reset
To reset to default settings, turn off the
device first. Hold the Reset button and then
turn on the device; wait for 5-8 seconds and
then release the button. Reset device’s
configuration to factory default.
LAN1-4
RJ-45 connector: connects the device to
your computer's Ethernet port, or to the
uplink port on your LAN's hub, using the
cable provided.
ADSL
RJ-11 connector: connects the device to a
telephone jack using the supplied cable
2.3 Connecting the Hardware
You need to connect the HG520 to the phone jack, the power
outlet, and your computer or network devices.
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Chapter 2 Hardware Description
Caution:
Before cable connection, turn off your computer(s), LAN hub/switch (if
applicable), and the HG520.
I. Connect the ADSL cable
Connect one end of the phone cable to the RJ-11 connector on
the rear panel of HG520. Connect the other end to the ADSL outlet
provided by your service provider (normally MODEM port of the
attached splitter).
II. Connect the Ethernet cable
Connect one end of the Ethernet cable to the one of the four
RJ-45 connectors on the rear panel of HG520 , connect the other end
to your computer’s network adaptor (NIC). If you are connecting a
LAN to HG520, attach one end of the Ethernet cable to a regular hub
port and the other end to the LAN port on HG520.
III. Attach the power connector
Connect the AC power adapter to the power connector on HG520
and plug in the adapter to a wall outlet or power extension.
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Chapter 2 Hardware Description
IV. Turn on the HG520 and power up computers and LAN
devices
Press the Power switch on the rear panel of the device .
Turn on and boot your computer(s) and any LAN devices such as
hubs or switches.
V. Configure HG520 through the WEB interface
The detailed steps are described in Chapter 4 Quick Setup. It will
help you configure the HG520 .Quick Setup
VI. Save the configurations and Reboot
To make the settings you made on the HG520 take effect, save
the configurations and reboot.
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Chapter 3 Preparing Configuration
Chapter 3 Preparing Configuration
3.1 Setup
z
Connect
HG520
and
computer
with
cross-over/
straight-through Ethernet cable.
z
Power on HG520.
z
The default IP address of HG520 is 192.168.1.1.
3.2 Establishing the Connection
Enter the IP address (default: 192.168.1.1) of HG520 in the
address line of Web Browser
1)
The dialog box displayed, as shown in “Figure 3-1”.
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Chapter 3 Preparing Configuration
Figure 3-1 Authentication
1)
Please enter the management username/password into the
fields (the default username/password is admin/admin).
2)
Click on the <OK> button.
3)
If the authentication is valid, the home page “Device Info Summary” will be displayed on the screen. Refer to
“Figure 3-2”.
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Chapter 3 Preparing Configuration
Figure 3-2 HG520 Home Page
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
Chapter 4 Quick Setup
The system administrator can configure HG520 remotely or
locally through a Web Browser. Network configuration needs to be
planned and decided before the configuration procedure is started.
Quick Setup allows system administrator to select the
appropriate operation mode and configure the corresponding settings
step by step to create a connection. The following five operation
modes are supported:
z
PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE)
z
IP over ATM (IPoA)
z
Bridging
z
MAC Encapsulation Routing (MER)
z
PPP over ATM (PPPoA)
4.1 Configuring PPPoE
Click on <Quick Setup> in the left frame, and follow the steps
below to create a PPPoE connection.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
I. ATM PVC Configuration
Figure 4-1 Quick Setup – ATM PVC Configuration
1)
Enter the VPI/VCI values. The actual parameter is provided
by your ISPs, and you can contact them to get the detailed
information.
2)
Disable “DSL Auto-connect” .
3)
Check to enable QoS.
4)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
II. Connection Type and Encapsulation Mode Configuration
Figure 4-2 Quick Setup – Connection Type and Encapsulation
Mode
1)
Select
“PPP
over
Ethernet
(PPPoE)”,
and
the
“Encapsulation Mode”. The actual parameter is provided by
your ISPs, and you can contact them to get the detailed
information.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
III. PPP Username and Password Configuration
Figure 4-3 Quick Setup – PPP Username and Password
1)
Enter “PPP Username”, “PPP Password”, and select
“Authentication Method” (AUTO/PAP/CHAP). The actual
parameter is provided by your ISPs, and you can contact
them to get the detailed information.
2)
The “Dial on demand” function, if checked, will tear down the
PPP link automatically when there is no outgoing packet for
the programmed period of time that is set below.
3)
The “PPP IP extension” is a special feature provided by
some ISPs. Unless your service provider specifically
requires this setup, do not select it.
4)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
Note:
z
HG520 activates PPPoE connection automatically when user
wants to access Internet and there is no active PPPoE connection.
z
The users are able to assign some specific ATM PVC(s) to run
PPPoE, if HG520 has multiple ATM PVC connections.
IV. IGMP Multicast, WAN service configuration
Figure 4-4 Quick Setup – IGMP Multicast, WAN service
1)
Check to Disable/Enable IGMP Multicast, and WAN Service.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
V. Device Setup Configuration
Figure 4-5 Quick Setup – Device Setup
1)
Enter IP (LAN IP) and Subnet Mask.
2)
Select to Disable/Enable DHCP Server, use DHCP Server
Relay, and configure related settings for that mode.
3)
HG520 will assign IP address, subnet mask, Default
gateway IP address and DNS server IP address to host
computers which connect to its LAN.
4)
Select “Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask
for LAN interface” and configure if the second IP Address is
used.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
Note:
Network Address Translation (NAT) function is default enabled and is
not showing on the page to prevent it from being disabled.
5)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
VI. Wireless Configuration
Figure 4-6 Quick Setup - Wireless Setup
1)
Check “Enable Wireless” to enable wireless radio or
uncheck to disable.
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2)
Chapter 4 Quick Setup
Configure SSID,“SSID” is the network name shared among
all devices in a wireless network. It is case-sensitive and
must not exceed 32 alphanumeric characters.
3)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
VII. WAN Setup – Summary
Figure 4-7 Quick Setup – WAN Setup – Summary
The last page displays a summary of previous settings. Make
sure that the configurations match the settings provided by ISP, and
then click on <Save/Reboot> button to complete the configuration
procedure.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
4.2 Configuring IPoA
Click on <Quick Setup> in the left frame, and follow the steps
below to create an IPoA (Routed) connection.
I. ATM PVC Configuration
Figure 4-8 Quick Setup – ATM PVC Configuration
1)
Enter the VPI/VCI values. The actual parameter is provided
by your ISPs, and you can contact them to get the detailed
information.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
II. Connection Type Configuration
Figure 4-9 Quick Setup – Connection Type and Encapsulation
Mode
1)
Select “IP over ATM (IPoA)”, and the “Encapsulation Mode”
(Please contact you ISP for the information).
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
III. WAN IP Settings Configuration
Figure 4-10 Quick Setup– WAN IP Settings
1)
Set WAN IP/Subnet Mask, default gateway, and DNS server
settings. The actual parameter is provided by your ISPs, and
you can contact them to get the detailed information.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
IV. NAT, IGMP Multicast, and WAN Service Configuration
Figure 4-11 Quick Setup – IPoA – NAT, IGMP Multicast, and
WAN service.
1)
Check to Enable/Disable NAT and Firewall functions.
2)
Check to Enable/Disable IGMP Multicast, and WAN Service.
3)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
V. Device Setup
Figure 4-12 Quick Setup – Device Setup
1)
Enter IP (LAN IP) Address and Subnet Mask to HG520.
2)
Select to Disable/Enable DHCP Server, use DHCP Server
Relay, and configure related settings for that mode.
3)
Select “Configure the second IP Address and Subnet Mask
for LAN interface” and configure if the second IP Address is
used.
4)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
VI. Wireless Setup
Figure 4-13 Quick Setup – Wireless Setup
1)
Check “Enable Wireless” to enable wireless radio or
uncheck to disable.
2)
Configure SSID,“SSID” is the network name shared among
all devices in a wireless network. It is case-sensitive and
must not exceed 32 alphanumeric characters.
3)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
VII. WAN Setup – Summary
Figure 4-14 Quick Setup – WAN Setup – Summary
The last page gives a summary of previous steps. Make sure that
the settings match the settings provided by ISP, and then click on
“Save/Reboot” button to complete the configuration procedure.
4.3 Configuring Bridge
Click on <Quick Setup> in the left frame, and follow the steps
below to create a Bridging connection.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
I. ATM PVC Configuration
Figure 4-15 Quick Setup – ATM PVC Configuration
1)
Enter the VPI/VCI values. Please contact you ISPs for the
information.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
II. Connection Type Configuration
Figure 4-16 Quick Setup – Connection Type and Encapsulation
Mode
1)
Select “Bridging”, and the “Encapsulation Mode”. The actual
parameter is provided by your ISPs, and you can contact
them to get the detailed information.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
III. WAN Service Configuration
Figure 4-17 Quick Setup – WAN Service
1)
Give a service name and check the box to enable this WAN
service.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
IV. Device Setup
Figure 4-18 Quick Setup – Device Setup
1)
Enter LAN IP Address and Subnet Mask.
2)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
V. Wireless Setup
Figure 4-19 Quick Setup – Wireless Setup
1)
Check “Enable Wireless” to enable wireless radio or
uncheck to disable.
2)
Configure SSID,“SSID” is the network name shared among
all devices in a wireless network. It is case-sensitive and
must not exceed 32 alphanumeric characters.
3)
Click on <Next> to go to next step.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
VI. WAN Setup – Summary
Figure 4-20 Quick Setup – WAN Setup – Summary
The last page gives a summary of previous steps. Make sure that
the settings match the settings provided by ISP, and then click on
<Save/Reboot> button to complete the configuration procedure.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
4.4 Configuring MER
Figure 4-21 Quick Setup – Connection Type and Encapsulation
Mode
Configuration of MER is similar to IPoA. Select “MAC
Encapsulation Routing (MER)” in “Connection Type”. For other
configuration, please refer to IPoA settings “4.2 Configuring IPoA”.
4.5 Configuring PPPoA
Configuration of PPPoA is similar to PPPoE. Select “PPP over
ATM (PPPoA)” in “Connection Type”. For other configuration, please
refer to “4.1 Configuring PPPoE “.
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Chapter 4 Quick Setup
Figure 4-22 Quick Setup – Connection Type and Encapsulation
Mode
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Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
Advanced Setup allows system administrator to configure the
following topics:
z
WAN
z
LAN
z
NAT
z
Security
z
Quality of Service
z
Routing
z
DNS
z
DSL
z
Port Mapping
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Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
5.1 Configuring WAN
Figure 5-1 Advanced Setup – WAN
This page shows the current existing WAN interfaces in the
system. User can choose <Add>, <Edit> or <Remove> to configure
WAN interfaces. For details about Add and Edit procedure, please
refer to “Chapter 4 Quick Setup”.
5.2 Configuring LAN
Please refer to “4.1 V. Device Setup”.
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Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
5.3 Configuring NAT
Three functions are supported in NAT: Virtual Servers,Port
Triggering, and DMZ Host.
5.3.1 Virtual Servers Configuration
Figure 5-2 Advanced Setup – NAT
Virtual Server allows you to direct incoming traffic from WAN side
(identified by Protocol and External port) to the Internal server with
private IP address on the LAN side. The Internal port is required only if
the external port needs to be converted to a different port number
used by the server on the LAN side. Up to 32 entries can be
configured.
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1)
Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
Click on <Add> to enter configuration page to add your own
rule(s). Some commonly used servers (Web, FTP, Mail, and
so on) are pre-defined in HG520. User can simply select the
desired server from the pull-down menu and assign the IP
address of the local PC.
2)
To delete the configured rule(s), check the “Remove” box of
the specific rule(s) and click on <Remove>.
Figure 5-3 Advanced Setup – NAT – Virtual Servers
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Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
5.3.2 Port Triggering Configuration
Some applications require that specific ports in the Router's
firewall be opened for access by the remote parties.
Port Trigger dynamically opens the “Open Ports” in the firewall
when an application on the LAN initiates a TCP/UDP connection to a
remote party using the “Triggering Ports”.
The Router allows the remote party from the WAN side to
establish new connections back to the application on the LAN side
using the “Open Ports”.
Up to 32 entries can be configured.
Figure 5-4 Advanced Setup – NAT – Port Triggering
1)
Click on <Add> to enter configuration page to add your own
rule(s),show as Figure 5-4 . Some applications such as
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Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
games, video conferencing, remote access applications and
others require that specific ports in the Router's firewall be
opened for access by the applications. You can configure
the port settings from this screen by selecting an existing
application or creating your own (Custom application) and
click <Save/Apply> to add it.
2)
To delete the configured rule(s), check the “Remove” box of
the specific rule(s) and click on <Remove>.
Figure 5-5 Advanced Setup – NAT – Add Port Triggering
5.3.3 DMZ Host Configuration
The DSL router will forward IP packets from the WAN that do not
belong to any of the applications configured in the Virtual Servers
table to the DMZ host computer.
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Chapter 5 Advanced Setup
Enter the computer's IP address and click <Apply> to activate the
DMZ host.
Clear the IP address field and click <Apply> to inactivate the DMZ
host.
Figure 5-6 Advanced Setup – NAT – DMZ Host
5.4 Configuring Security
Two functions are supported in Security: Outgoing IP Filtering
and MAC Filtering.
5.4.1 Outgoing IP Filtering Configuration
By default, all outgoing IP traffic from LAN is allowed, but some IP
traffic can be blocked by setting up filters.
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The screen allows you to create a filter rule to identify outgoing IP
traffic by specifying a new filter name and at least one of the conditions
below.
All of the specified conditions in this filter rule must be satisfied for
the rule to take effect.
Figure 5-7 Advanced Setup – Security – Outgoing IP Filtering
1)
Click <Add> to configure outgoing IP filters, up to 32 entries
can be configured.
2)
To remove, check the item and click <Remove>.
3)
Click <Save/Apply> to save and activate the filter.
Figure 5-8 shows the configuration that prevents a local computer
(IP address: 192.168.1.100) from surfing the Internet.
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Figure 5-8 . Advanced Setup – Firewall – Add new Outgoing IP
Filter
5.4.2 Incoming IP Filtering Configuration
By default, all incoming IP traffic from the WAN is blocked when
the firewall is enabled. However, some IP traffic can be accepted by
setting up filters.
The screen allows you to create a filter rule to identify incoming IP
traffic by specifying a new filter name and at least one of the conditions
below.
All of the specified conditions in this filter rule must be satisfied for
the rule to take effect.
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Figure 5-9 Advanced Setup – Security – Outgoing IP Filter
1)
Click <Add> to configure outgoing IP filters, up to 32 entries
can be configured.
2)
To remove, check the item and click <Remove>.
3)
Click <Save/Apply> to save and activate the filter.
Figure 5-10 shows the configuration that allows a remote PC (IP
address: 10.0.12.254) to access the local FTP server.
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Figure 5-10 Advanced Setup – Security – Add new outgoing IP
Filter
5.4.3 Parental Control Configuration
Parental Control allows user to create time of day restriction to a
special LAN device connected to the Router.
Click <Add> to configure restriction rules. To remove, check the
item and click <Remove>.
Up to 16 entries can be configured and used.
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Figure 5-11 Advanced Setup – Firewall – Parental Control
1)
The MAC Address of the “Browser” automatically displays
the MAC address of the LAN device, click the <Other MAC
Address> button and enter the MAC address of the other
LAN device.
2)
To find out the MAC address of a Windows-based computer,
go to command window and type “ipconfig/all”.
3)
Click <Save/Apply> to save and activate the restriction rule.
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Figure 5-12 Advanced Setup – Firewall – Add new Parental
Control
5.5 Configuring Quality of Service
Quality of Service (QoS) (including IP Precedence, IP TOS and
IEEE 802.1P) refers to a combination of mechanisms that jointly
provide a specific quality level to application traffic crossing a network
or multiple, disparate networks.
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Figure 5-13 Advanced Setup – Quality of Service
1)
Click on <Add> to create a class to identify the IP traffic by
specifying at least one condition below.
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Figure 5-14 Advanced Setup – Add new QoS rule
2)
If multiple conditions are specified, all of them take effect.
3)
Click <Save/Apply> button to save it.
5.6 Configuring Routing
There are three routing information related settings.
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5.6.1 Default Gateway Configuration
Figure 5-15 Advanced Setup – Routing – Default Gateway
1)
If “Enable Automatic Assigned Default Gateway” checkbox
is selected, HG520 will accept the first received default
gateway assignment from one of the PPPoA, PPPoE or
MER/DHCP enabled PVC(s).
2)
If the checkbox is not selected, enter the static default
gateway AND/OR a WAN interface.
3)
Click <Apply> button to save it.
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Note:
If changing the “Enable Automatic Assigned Default Gateway” from
unselected to selected, you must reboot HG520 to activate the
automatic assigned default gateway.
5.6.2 Static Route Configuration
1)
Click on <Add> to create a new Static Route
up to 32
entries can be configured.
Figure 5-16 Advanced Setup – Routing – Static Route
2)
Enter the destination network address, subnet mask,
gateway AND/OR available WAN interface, and then click
<Apply> to add the entry to the routing table.
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Figure 5-17 Advanced Setup – Routing – Add new Static Route
5.6.3 RIP Configuration
The Routing Information Protocol (RIP) is designed for
exchanging routing information within a small to medium-size network.
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Figure 5-18 Advanced Setup – Routing – RIP
To configure an individual interface, select the desired RIP
version and operation:
z
RIP Version 1: Class-based IP network.
z
RIP Version 2: Classless IP network.
z
Operation Active: Broadcast and listen to other RIP
enabled devices.
z
Operation Passive: Listen only.
1)
Placing a check in the “Enabled” checkbox for the interface
to complete the configuration.
2)
Click the <Apply> button to save the configuration.
3)
To start/stop RIP for HG520, select the “Enabled/Disabled”
radio button for Global RIP Mode.
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5.7 Configuring DNS
5.7.1 DNS Server Configuration
Figure 5-19 Advanced Setup – DNS Server
1)
If “Enable Automatic Assigned DNS” checkbox is selected,
HG520 will accept the first received DNS assignment from
one of the PPPoA, PPPoE or MER/DHCP enabled PVC(s)
during the connection establishment.
2)
If the checkbox is not selected, enter the primary and
optional secondary DNS server IP addresses.
3)
Click <Apply> button to save it.
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Note:
If changing from unselected “Enable Automatic Assigned DNS” to
selected, you must reboot HG520 to get the automatic assigned DNS
addresses.
5.7.2 Dynamic DNS Configuration
The Dynamic DNS service allows you to alias a dynamic IP
address to a static hostname in any of the domains. This function
allows your HG520 to be more easily accessible from various
locations of the Internet.
Before you proceed, please visit one of these two website to
apply your own Dynamic DNS service: www.dnadns.org or
www.tzo.com.
1)
Click<Add> to configure Dynamic DNS.
2)
To remove, check the item and click <Remove>.
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Figure 5-20 Advanced Setup – DNS – Dynamic DNS
3)
Select your Dynamic DNS service provider from ‘D-DNS
provider’, and enter your registration information.
4)
Click <Save/Apply> to save the configuration.
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Figure 5-21 Advanced Setup – DNS – Add Dynamic DNS
5.8 Configuring DSL
This page allows you configure DSL related settings including
Modulations, Phone Line Pair, and Capability. Due to the
characteristics of DSL, any change to default settings is not
recommended. Please consult your service provider for advice only if
configuration is mandatory.
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Figure 5-22 Advanced Setup – DSL
5.9 Configuring Port Mapping
Port Mapping supports multiple ports to PVC and bridging groups.
Each group will perform as an independent network.
To support this feature, you must create mapping groups with
appropriate LAN and WAN interfaces using the <Add> button.
The <Remove> button will remove the grouping and add the
ungrouped interfaces to the Default group.
Up to 16 entries can be configured.
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Figure 5-23 Advanced Setup – Port Mapping
To create a new mapping group:
1)
Enter the Group name and select interfaces from the
available interface list and add it to the grouped interface list
using the arrow buttons to create the required mapping of
the ports. The group name must be unique.
2)
Click <Save/Apply> button to make the changes take effect
immediately.
Note:
The selected interfaces will be removed from their existing groups and
added to the new group.
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Figure 5-24 Advanced Setup – Configuration
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Chapter 6 Wireless Setup
Chapter 6 Wireless Setup
6.1 Configuring Basic Features
This page allows you to configure basic features of the wireless
LAN interface.
Figure 6-1 Wireless Setup – Basic
1)
You can enable or disable the wireless LAN interface, hide
the network from active scans (no broadcasting of your
network name), set the wireless network name (also known
as SSID, default: ingrid), and restrict the channels based on
nation’s requirements.
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2)
Chapter 6 Wireless Setup
Click <Save/Apply> to save the configurations.
6.2 Configuring Security
Four types of wireless security are provided:
z
Shared (WEP)
z
802.1X
z
WPA/WPA2
z
WPA/WPA2-PSK
6.2.1 WEP Configuration
Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) provides security by encrypting
data over radio waves when data is transmitted from one end point to
another. WEP is the weakest security method but the easiest one to
configure.
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Figure 6-2 Wireless Setup – Security – WEP
To enable WEP, select the following items step by step:
z
Network Authentication: Shared
z
Data Encryption: Enabled
z
Encryption Strength: 128-bit (recommended for better
security) or 64-bit
Click <Set Encryption Key> to enter your WEP keys.
Four keys for both encryption strengths can be stored here.
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Figure 6-3 Wireless Setup – Security – WEP
1)
Enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal digits for
128-bit encryption keys.
2)
Enter 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal digits for 64-bit
encryption keys.
3)
Select which key (1 - 4) to use from “Current Network Key”.
4)
Click <Save/Apply> to save the configuration.
6.2.2 802.1X Configuration
802.1X addresses the WEP weakness by adding user
authentication, through RADIUS server. So you need to have your
RADIUS server up and running before using 802.1X.
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Figure 6-4 Wireless Setup – Security – 802.1X
1)
To
enable
802.1X,
select
“802.1X”
in
“Network
Authentication”.
2)
Enter your RADIUS server IP address, port number (default:
1812), and key.
3)
Follow “6.2.1 WEP” to configure your WEP key
4)
Click<Save/Apply> to save your configuration.
6.2.3 WPA/WPA2 Configuration
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access) is the strongest wireless security
provided by HG520. Like 802.1X, WPA must co-work with RADIUS
server as well. To enable WPA, select the following items step by step:
z
Network Authentication: WPA/WPA2
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Chapter 6 Wireless Setup
WPA Group Rekey Interval: in seconds. Default: 0 (no
re-keying).
z
RADIUS Server IP Address/Port/Key: must match your
RADIUS server.
z
WPA Encryption:TKIP(select AES or TKIP+AES for
WPA2).
Check your wireless network adapter security capability before
you decide which one to use.
Figure 6-5 Wireless Setup – Security – WPA
6.2.4 WPA/WPA2-PSK Configuration
WPA-PSK lets you take advantage of WPA without the trouble of
setting up your own RADIUS server.
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Figure 6-6 Wireless Setup – Security – WPA-PSK
1)
To enable WPA-PSK, select “WPA-PSK” in “Network
Authentication”.
2)
Enter 8 to 63 ASCII codes or 64 hexadecimal (0-9, A-F)
digits in “WPA Pre-Shared Key”.
3)
Click <Save/Apply> to save the configuration.
6.3 Configuring MAC Filter
Wireless MAC filter allows you to implement access control
based on device’s MAC address.
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Figure 6-7 Wireless Setup – MAC Filter
1)
When you select “Allow” in “MAC Restrict Mode”, only data
from devices with matching MAC addresses in filter table
can access HG520.
2)
If you select “Deny” in “MAC Restrict Mode”, every device
can access HG520 except those which have matching MAC
addresses in the filter table.
3)
To add filter entry, click on “Add” and enter the MAC address
of HG520.
4)
Click <Save/Apply> to save the configuration. To <delete>
the entry, select the entry and click <Remove>.
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6.4 Configuring Wireless Bridge
Wireless Bridge (also known as Wireless Distribution System)
can bridge data between two APs, which is particularly useful while
wired cabling is not available.
Note:
Only APs in same channel can be bridged.
Figure 6-8 Wireless Setup – Wireless Bridge
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AP Mode: Wireless Bridge- listens and answers other APs
onlyAccess Point- Wireless Bridge also with AP functionality.
Bridge Restrict: Disabled- any AP will be granted access
Enabled- only selected APs (Max. 4) with specified MAC address will
be granted access
Enabled (Scan)- as above, but HG520 will scan
available AP for you to select.
Refresh: Re-scan the available AP.
Save/Apply: Save the configuration.
6.5 Configuring Advanced Setting
In most cases, HG520 work well with wireless default settings.
Modification is not recommended unless you are very familiar with
these parameters.
z
Channel: Select the appropriate channel from the provided
list to correspond with your network settings. All devices in
your wireless network must use the same channel in order to
function correctly. Default is 7.
z
Rate: The range is from 1 to 54Mbit/s. The data
transmission rate should be set according to the speed of
your wireless network. You can set one transmission speed,
or keep the default setting “Auto” to have the router
automatically detect the fastest possible data rate.
z
Basic Rate Set: Select the basic rate that wireless clients
must support.
z
Fragmentation: This value should remain at its default
setting of 2346. The range is 256-2346 bytes. This value
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specifies the maximum packet size before data is
fragmented into multiple packets. If you experience a high
packet error rate, you may slightly lower the Fragmentation
value. Setting the Fragmentation too low may result in poor
network performance. Only slight adjustment of this value is
recommended.
z
RTS Threshold: This value should remain at its default
setting of 2347. The range is 0-2347 bytes. If you encounter
inconsistent data flow, only slight adjustment of this value is
recommended. If a network packet is smaller than the preset
RTS threshold size, the RTS/CTS mechanism will not be
enabled. HG520 sends Request to Send (RTS) frames to a
particular receiving station and negotiates the transmission
of a data frame. After receiving an RTS, the wireless station
responds with a Clear to Send (CTS) frame to acknowledge
the right to begin transmission.
z
DTIM Interval: This value, between 1 and 255 milliseconds,
indicates the interval of the Delivery Traffic Indication
Message (DTIM). A DTIM interval is a countdown field which
is used to inform clients about the next window for listening
to broadcast and multicast messages. When HG520 has
buffered broadcast or multicast for associated clients, it
sends the next DTIM with a DTIM Interval value. Its clients
hear the beacons and awaken to receive the broadcast and
multicast message. Default: 3.
z
Beacon Interval: Enter a value between 1 and 65535
milliseconds. The Beacon Interval indicates the frequency
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interval of the beacon. A beacon is a packet broadcast by
HG520 to synchronize the wireless network. Default: 100.
z
54g Mode: There are 3 selections. Select 54g Auto for the
widest compatibility. Select 54g Performance for the fastest
performance. Select 54g LRS if you are experiencing
difficulty with legacy 802.11b equipment.
z
54g protection: In Auto mode, HG520 will use RTS/CTS to
improve 802.11g performance in mixed 802.11g/802.11b
network.
Turn
off
protection
to
maximize
802.11g
throughput under most conditions.
Figure 6-9 Wireless Setup – Advanced
6.6 Viewing Station Info
This page shows authenticated wireless stations and their status.
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Figure 6-10 Wireless Setup – Station Info
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Chapter 7 Diagnostics
Chapter 7 Diagnostics
This page allows users to test the Ethernet port connection, DSL
port connection, and connection to the Internet Service Provider.
If a test displays a fail status, click <Return Diagnostic Tests> at
the bottom of the page to make sure the fail status is consistent.
If the test continues to show fail, click <Help> to go to the
troubleshooting procedures.
Figure 7-1 Diagnostics
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Chapter 8 Management
Chapter 8 Management
8.1 Settings
System Administrator can do the HG520 settings backup, update,
and restore default here.
The settings can be saved from HG520 to computer. The saved
setting file can also be loaded from computer to HG520.
These 2 functions can help the system administrator to manage
large amount of HG520 efficiently. Restore Default will set the HG520
with the factory default configuration.
Backup the current configurations, click on <Backup Settings>,
and a File Download window will pop up.
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Figure 8-1 Management – Settings – Backup Settings
Click on <Save> and select the destination of the backup file
(backupsettings.cfg) in your local computer. Click on <Save> again to
save your backup file.
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Figure 8-2 Management – Settings – File Download
To update the configuration, click on <Browse> and a
Choose-File-window will pop up. Locate the saved file and click on
<Update Settings>. HG520 will modify its settings based on the
update file.
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Figure 8-3 Management – Settings – Update
To restore the router to its factory default settings, click on
<Restore Default Settings>.
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Figure 8-4 Management – Settings – Restore Default
8.2 Viewing System Log
This allows System Administrator to view the System Log and
configure the System Log options.
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Figure 8-5 Management – System Log
Click on <Configure System Log to configure the log options.
There are 8 events of “Log Level” and “Display Level”:
Emergency, Alert, Critical, Error, Warning, Notice, Informational,
and Debugging.
If the log mode is enabled, the system will begin to log all the
selected events.
For the Log Level, all events above or equal to the selected level
will be logged.
For the Display Level, all logged events above or equal to the
selected level will be displayed.
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If the selected mode is “Remote” or “Both”, events will be sent to
the specified IP address and UDP port of the remote syslog server.
If the selected mode is “Local” or “Both”, events will be recorded
in the local memory.
Click on <Save/Apply> to save the configuration.
Figure 8-6 Management – System Log Configuration
Click on <View System Log> to see the router log based on your
configuration.
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8.3 Configuring SNMP Agent
System Administrator could enable or disable the embedded
SNMP Agent here. SNMP Agent will allow a management application
to retrieve HG520 statistics and status.
Figure 8-7 Management – SNMP Agent
8.4 Configuring Internet Time
HG520 can synchronize its internal time with Internet time server
when available.
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Figure 8-8 Management – Internet Time
1)
Check “Automatically synchronize with Internet time
servers”, to enable this function.
2)
Select First and Second NTP time server from the pull down
menu. Or select “Other” and define your preferred NTP
server.
3)
Choose the time zone from “Time zone offset”.
4)
Click on <Save/Apply> to save the configuration.
8.5 Configuring Access Control
HG520 browser management tool is protected by three
categories: Services, IP addresses, and Passwords. All three must be
matched, if configured, to gain access to the management tool.
All services are enabled from LAN side and disabled from WAN
side by default.
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Figure 8-9 Management – Access Control - Service
If
the IP Address Access Control mode is enabled, permits
access to local management services from IP addresses contained in
the Access Control List.
If the Access Control mode is disabled, the system will not
validate IP addresses for incoming packets. The services are the
system applications listed in the Service Control List.
Click <Add> to add an IP address to the Access Control List. To
remove, mark the Remove option of the specified IP address, and
then click <Remove> to remove the IP address from the Access
Control List.
Up to 16 hosts can be configured here.
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Figure 8-10 Management – Access Control – IP Addresses
Access to your router is controlled through three user accounts:
admin, support, and user.
admin: has unrestricted access to change and view HG520
configuration.
support: is used to allow an ISP technician to access HG520 for
maintenance and to run diagnostics.
user: can access HG520 to view configuration settings and
statistics, as well as update HG520 software. Use the fields below to
enter up to 16 characters and click <Save/Apply> to change or create
passwords.
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Figure 8-11 Management – Access Control – Passwords
8.6 Updating Software
The new software can be updated from the Local computer
connected to HG520 through Ethernet cable.
1)
Click on <Browse> to locate the new software image file in
the computer.
2)
Click on <Update Software> to implement the software
update.
Note:
The update process takes about 2 minutes to complete, and your
HG520 will reboot automatically.
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Figure 8-12 Management – Update Software
8.7 Auto Update
HG520 can auto update by check the auto update server with
version description file name.
Auto Update Server IP Address or Domain Name: the IP
address or domain of server, get it from Huawei web site or use the
default.
Update Time Interval (Second): 0 to disable, other number
indicates the period time of HG520 checking the update server.
Version Description File Name: the version description file
name indicates the file name on the server and the default is
“Huawei.HG520.Firmare”.
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Click on <Save/Apply> to enable the setting.
Note:
Please make sure the wan setting to keep the connection of Internet.
When HG520 finds new software it will automatically update and
reboot.
Figure 8-13 Management – Auto Update
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8.8 Save/Reboot
Click
<Reboot
Router>
to
reboot
HG520.
HG520
will
automatically save the configuration before reboot, so that modified
settings will take effect after reboot.
Figure 8-14 Management – Save and Reboot
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Chapter 9 Device Info
Chapter 9 Device Info
9.1 Summary
This page displays HG520’s hardware/software information and
DSL connection status.
Figure 9-1 Device Info – Summary
9.2 WAN
This page displays HG520’s WAN interface information and
connection status.
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Figure 9-2 Device Info – WAN
9.3 Statistics
9.3.1 LAN/WAN
This page displays packets transmitted and received status of
HG520’s LAN/WAN interfaces.
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Figure 9-3 Device Info – Statistics – WAN
9.3.2 ATM
This page displays the statistics of HG520’s ATM interface
(including AAL5).
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Figure 9-4 Device Info – Statistics – ATM
9.3.3 ADSL
This page displays HG520’s ADSL connection information and
status, such as rate, SNR, ES (Error Second) and so on.
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Figure 9-5 Device Info – Statistics – ADSL
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9.4 Route
This page displays HG520’s routing table.
Figure 9-6 Device Info – Route
9.5 ARP
This page displays HG520’s ARP table.
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Figure 9-7 Device Info – ARP
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Chapter 10 Technical Specifications
Chapter 10 Technical Specifications
I. Bridging Protocols
z
Ethernet to ADSL self-learning Transparent Bridging
(IEEE802.1d)
z
Support up to 128 MAC learning addresses
II. Security
z
Stateful Packet Inspection Firewall
z
Access Control List
z
IP/Port/MAC Filtering
z
Supports PAP and CHAP with PPP (RFC 1334)
III. WAN Protocols
z
Multiple protocol over AAL5: LLC and VC-Mux (RFC
1483/2684)
z
PPP over AAL5 (RFC2364)
z
Classical IP (RFC 1577)
z
PPPoA (RFC 2364)
z
PPPoE (RFC 2516)
IV. ATM
z
Support ATM Forum UNI 3.1/4.0
z
Up to 8 ATM VCCs (Virtual Circuit Connection) working
concurrently
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z
Per-PVC packet level QoS
z
Support UBR, VBR and CBR traffic shaping
z
OAM F4/F5 loopback support (I.610)
V. Network Management
z
Web-Based configuration and status monitoring
z
Remote/Local firmware upgrade through HTTP, FTP and
TFTP
z
System log
z
Safe against mis-upgrade
z
Configuration backup and restore
VI. Radio
z
Media Access Control: CSMA/CA with ACK
z
Modulation: 802.11b: DSSS
802.11g: OFDM
z
z
Frequency Range (depending on countries):
z
USA – FCC
2412 MHz - 2462MHz
z
Canada – IC
2412 MHz - 2462MHz
z
Europe – ETSI 2412 MHz - 2472MHz
z
Japan – STD-T66/STD-33m
2412 MHz - 2484MHz
Operating Channels:
z
11 channels (US, Canada)
z
13 channels (ETSI)
z
14 channels (Japan)
z
Output Power(max): 15dBm (11g), 18dBm (11b)
z
Sensitivity (typical): -85 dBm/11Mbps; -68 dBm/54Mbit/s
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z
Chapter 10 Technical Specifications
Data Rate: 802.11b: 1 Mbit/s, 2 Mbit/s, 5.5 Mbit/s, 6 Mbit/s, 9
Mbit/s, 11 Mbit/s, 12 Mbit/s, 18 Mbit/s, 24 Mbit/s, 36 Mbit/s,
48 Mbit/s, 54Mbit/s with auto-fallback
VII. Environment
z
Operating temperature range: 0 °C - 40 °C (32 °F-104 °F)
z
Operating humidity range: 10% - 95% non-condensing
VIII. Physical Interfaces
z
One ADSL port (RJ-11)
z
Four
10/100BaseT
Ethernet
ports
Auto-detection
IX. Power
z
External power supply
z
Power consumption ≤10W
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(RJ-45)
with
User Manual
EchoLife HG520 Home Gateway
Chapter 11 Abbreviations
Chapter 11 Abbreviations
A
ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
ATM
Asynchronous Transfer Mode
D
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DNS
Domain Name Server
DSLAM
Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplex
H
HTML
Hypertext Markup Language
I
IP
Internet Protocols
IPoA
Internet Protocols Over ATM
ISP
Internet Service Provider
L
LAN
Local Area Network
M
MAC
Media Access Control
N
NIC
Network Interface Card
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Chapter 11 Abbreviations
P
PPP
Point to Point Protocol
PPPoA
PPP over ATM
PPPoE
PPP over Ethernet
PVC
Permanent Virtual Connection
R
RIP
Routing Information Protocol
S
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
T
TCP
Transfer Control Protocol
V
VCI
Virtual Channel Identifier
VPI
Virtual Path Identifier
W
WAN
Wide Area Network
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Administration Building, Huawei Technologies
Co., Ltd., Bantian, Longgang District,
Shenzhen, P. R. China
Postal Code: 518129
Website: http://www.huawei.com