aa300.book Page i Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM Acer Altos G300 Series User’s guide aa300.book Page ii Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM Copyright © 2002 Acer Incorporated All Rights Reserved. Acer Altos G300 Series User’s guide December 2002 Changes may be made periodically to the information in this publication without obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes. Such changes will be incorporated in new editions of this manual or supplementary documents and publications. This company makes no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. Record the model number, serial number, purchase date, and place of purchase information in the space provided below. The serial number and model number are recorded on the label affixed to your computer. All correspondense concerning your unit should include the serial number, model number, and purchase information. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Acer Incorporated. Model Number : _________________________________ Serial Number: ___________________________________ Purchase Date: ___________________________________ Place of Purchase: ________________________________ Acer and the Acer Logo are registered trademarks of Acer Inc. Other company’s product names or trademarks are used herein for identification purposes only and belong to their respective companies. aa300.book Page iii Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM iii Notices FCC notice This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This device generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this device does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the device off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna • Increase the separation between the device and receiver • Connect the device into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help Notice: Shield cables All connections to other computing devices must be made using shielded cables to maintain compliance with FCC regulations. Notice: Peripheral devices Only peripherals (input/output devices, terminals, printers, etc.) certified to comply with the Class B limits may be attached to this equipment. Operation with noncertified peripherals is likely to result in interference to radio and TV reception. Caution! Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s authority, which is granted by the Federal Communications Commission, to operate this computer. Use conditions aa300.book Page iv Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM iv This part complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. Notice: Canadian users This Class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations. Remarque à l’intention des utilisateurs canadiens Cet appareil numérique de la classe B respected toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur du Canada. Important safety instructions Read these instructions carefully. Save these instructions for future reference. 1 Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product. 2 Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for cleaning. 3 Do not use this product near water. 4 Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table. The product may fall, causing serious damage to the product. 5 Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are provided for ventilation; to ensure reliable operation of the product and to protect it from overheating, these openings must not be blocked or covered. The openings should never be blocked by placing the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface. This product should never be placed near or over a radiator or heat register, or in a built-in installation unless proper ventilation is provided. 6 This product should be operated from the type of power indicated on the marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power available, consult your dealer or local power company. 7 Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord. Do not locate this product where persons will walk on the cord. 8 If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that the total ampere rating of the equipment plugged into the extension cord does not exceed the extension cord ampere rating. Also, aa300.book Page v Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM v make sure that the total rating of all products plugged into the wall outlet does not exceed the fuse rating. 9 Never push objects of any kind into this product through cabinet slots as they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out parts that could result in a fire or electric shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on the product. 10 Do not attempt to service this product yourself, as opening or removing covers may expose you to dangerous voltage points or other risks. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. 11 Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified service personnel under the following conditions: 12 When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed a If liquid has been spilled into the product b If the product has been exposed to rain or water c If the product does not operate normally when the operating instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are covered by the operating instructions since improper adjustment of other controls may result in damage and will often require extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the product to normal condition. d If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged e If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating a need for service. f Replace the battery with the same type as the product's battery we recommend. Use of another battery may present a risk of fire or explosion. Refer battery replacement to a qualified serviceman. 13 Warning! Batteries may explode if not handled properly. Do not disassemble or dispose of them in fire. Keep them away from children and dispose of used batteries promptly. 14 Use only the proper type of power supply cord set (provided in your accessories box) for this unit. It should be a detachable type: UL listed/CSA certified, type SPT-2, rated 7A 125V minimum, VDE approved or its equivalent. Maximum length is 15 feet (4.6 meters). Laser compliance statement The CD-ROM drive in this computer is a laser product. The CD-ROM drive’s classification label (shown below) is located on the drive. aa300.book Page vi Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM vi CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT CAUTION: INVISIBLE LASER RADIATION WHEN OPEN. AVOID EXPOSURE TO BEAM. APPAREIL A LASER DE CLASSE 1 PRODUIT LASERATTENTION: RADIATION DU FAISCEAU LASER INVISIBLE EN CAS D’OUVERTURE. EVITTER TOUTE EXPOSITION AUX RAYONS. LASER KLASSE 1 VORSICHT: UNSICHTBARE LASERSTRAHLUNG, WENN ABDECKUNG GEÖFFNET, NICHT DEM STRAHLL AUSSETZEN PRODUCTO LÁSER DE LA CLASE I ADVERTENCIA: RADIACIÓN LÁSER INVISIBLE AL SER ABIERTO. EVITE EXPONERSE A LOS RAYOS. ADVARSEL: LASERSTRÅLING VEDÅBNING SE IKKE IND I STRÅLEN VARO! LAVATTAESSA OLET ALTTINA LASERSÅTEILYLLE. VARNING: LASERSTRÅLNING NÅR DENNA DEL ÅR ÖPPNAD ÅLÅ TUIJOTA SÅTEESEENSTIRRA EJ IN I STRÅLEN VARNING: LASERSTRÅLNING NAR DENNA DEL ÅR ÖPPNADSTIRRA EJ IN I STRÅLEN ADVARSEL: LASERSTRÅLING NAR DEKSEL ÅPNESSTIRR IKKE INN I STRÅLEN Lithium battery statement CAUTION Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions. ADVARSEL! Lithiumbatteri - Eksplosionsfare ved fejlagtig håndtering. Udskiftning må kun ske med batteri af samme fabrikat og type. Léver det brugte batteri tilbage til leverandøren. ADVARSEL Eksplosjonsfare ved feilaktig skifte av batteri. Benytt samme batteritype eller en tilsvarende type anbefalt av apparatfabrikanten. Brukte batterier kasseres i henhold til fabrikantens instruksjoner. VARNING Explosionsfara vid felaktigt batteribyte. Anvãnd samma batterityp eller aa300.book Page vii Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM vii en ekvivalent typ som rekommenderas av apparattillverkaren. Kassera anvãnt batteri enligt fabrikantens instruktion. VAROITUS Päristo voi räjähtää, jos se on virheellisesti asennettu. Vaihda paristo ainoastaan laitevalmistajan suosittelemaan tyyppiin. Hävitä käytetty paristo valmistajan ohjeiden mukaisesti. VORSICHT! Explosionsgefahr bei unsachgemäßen Austausch der Batterie Ersatz nur durch denselben oder einem vom Hersteller empfohlenem ähnlichen Typ. Entsorgung gebrauchter Batterien nach Angaben des Herstellers. aa300.book Page viii Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM viii 1 Getting started Overview Processor Memory System chipsets ServerWorks GC-SL chipset LAN subsystem Expansion slots PCI bus Hardware management support Features summary Preinstallation requirements Selecting a site Checking the package contents Basic connections Connecting the keyboard Connecting the mouse Connecting the VGA monitor Connecting to the network Connecting the power cable System startup Power-on problems Connecting options Printer USB devices Tower-to-rack option 2 System tour External and internal structure Front panel Rear panel Internal components System board layout Control Panel (JP3) Jumper Setting (J13) Diagnostics LED (Port80LED) 3 Upgrading your system Installation precautions ESD precautions Preinstallation instructions Post-installation instructions 1 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 7 7 7 8 8 9 10 10 11 12 13 14 14 14 16 17 19 19 21 22 23 26 26 27 29 31 31 31 32 Contents aa300.book Page ix Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM aa300.book Page x Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM Opening your system Removing the front panel Removing the side panels Installing and removing storage devices Replacing a 3.5-inch or a 5.25-inch storage device Installing a hard disk Installing a DLT Installing and removing the CPU Installing a CPU Removing a CPU Installing and removing memory modules Reconfiguring the system Installing expansion cards 4 Setup utility 33 33 34 36 36 38 39 40 40 41 43 44 45 47 Introduction 49 Setup Menu 50 Setup submenu: Main 51 Setup submenu: Advanced 52 SuperIO Configuration 53 IDE Configuration 54 Auto Detect Hard Disks 55 Primary IDE Master (if attached Hard Disk) 56 Secondary IDE Master (if attached ATAPI CDROM)58 Secondary IDE Slave (if none attached) 58 Floppy Configuration 59 PCIPnP Configuration 60 Boot Settings Configuration 62 Event Log Configuration 63 View Event Log 64 Mark All Events As Read 64 OnBoard Devices Configuration 65 System Health Monitoring Hardware 65 Hardware Monitor Setup Page 65 System Hardware Monitor 66 Remote Access Configuration 68 Setup submenu: Power 69 Setup submenu: Boot 70 Boot Device Priority 71 Hard Disk Drives 72 Removable Devices 73 ATAPI CDROM Drives 74 Setup submenu: Security 75 aa300.book Page xi Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM xi Setup submenu: Exit Auto Configuration with Optimal Settings Auto Configuration with Fail-Safe Settings 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID 76 76 77 79 Configuration Strategies 81 Assigning RAID Levels 81 Selecting a RAID Level 82 Configuring Arrays 83 Using the IDE Software RAID Setup Utility 84 Auto Configure Stripe (F1) 85 Auto Configure Mirror (F2) 85 Auto Configure RAID 10 (F3) 86 Create Array (F4) 86 Delete Array (F5) 88 Restore Old Configuration (F6) 88 Save and Exit (F10) 88 Installing Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000 Drivers 89 Updating the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Driver89 Confirming the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Driver Installation 90 Supported Internet Browsers 91 Installation Steps for Windows 91 IDE Software RAID Configuration Console 96 Config View 101 RAID Controller Properties 102 Property Description 103 Physical Drive 104 Array 106 Log Data 113 Advanced 114 Backplane 116 Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes Uncompressed Initialization Codes POST Checkpoint Codes Bootblock Recovery Codes Uncompressed Initialization Codes Bus Checkpoint Codes Additional Bus Checkpoints High Byte 119 121 121 122 122 123 131 132 132 aa300.book Page xii Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM xii Appendix B: ASM quick installation guide Installing ASM System requirements ASM Agent ASM Console System setup Installing ASM Agent Installing ASM Console Appendix C: Rack installation guide System rack installation Vertical mounting hole pattern Screw types for rack installation Installing cage nuts Installing the system into the rack 133 135 135 135 135 135 136 136 137 139 140 141 141 143 aa300.book Page 1 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 1 Getting started aa300.book Page 2 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM The Acer Altos G301 is a PCI bus based single processor system loaded with a host of new and innovative features. The system offers a new standard for flexible productivity ideal for local or wide area networks and multiuser server environments. aa300.book Page 3 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 3 Overview The Acer Altos G301 is a PCI bus based single processor system board built on an extended ATX baseboard. It comes with a single mPGA478 processor socket utilizing an Intel® Pentium® 4 processor integrated with the ServerWorks GC-SL chipset. The system board also integrates the Intel® 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet controller that supports WOL (Wake on LAN) for better remote site management. For expandability, the system board using ATI Rage XL integrated with 8MB memory, one 32bit/33MHz 3.3V PCI bus slot, four 64bit/33MHz 3.3V PCI bus slots and four DIMM sockets that allow memory installation to a maximum of 4GB using four 1GB Registered DDR SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) with ECC DIMMs. For connectivity, the system board supports two USB (Universal Serial Bus) connectors, one UART NS16C550 serial ports, one enhanced parallel port with Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP)/Extended Capabilities Port (ECP) support, two PS/2 port, a diskette drive interface, three embedded hard disk interfaces, one RJ-45 network port and a 9-pin connector for video output. The system is fully compatible with MS-DOS V6.X, Novell Netware 6.0, RedHat Linux 7.3/8.0, Windows NT 4.0 server, and Windows 2000 server. Processor The Pentium® 4 processor implements Intel® NetBurstTM micro architecture, Hyper-Pipelined Technology, Advanced Dynamic Execution, Enhanced Floating-Point and Multimedia Unit, Streaming SIMD Extensions 2 (SSE2) Instructions. Based on Intel® NetBurstTM micro architecture, the Pentium 4 processor offers higher-performance processing than ever before. Built with Intel's 0.13-micron technology, the Pentium 4 processor delivers significant performance gains for use in home computing, business solutions and all your processing needs. This system board supports 400/533MHz system bus frequencies for one Pentium 4 processor supporting frequencies start at 1.8GHz. aa300.book Page 4 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 4 1 Getting started Memory The four DIMM sockets on board allow memory upgrade to a maximum of 4GB using four 1-GB DDR SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) DIMMs. For data integrity, the default setting of the ECC (errorcorrecting code) function of the memory system in BIOS is enabled. The system board supports DDR266 SDRAMs; PC-133, PC-100, PC-66 MHz SDRAMs are not supported. System chipsets ServerWorks GC-SL chipset The ServerWorks GC-SL+SL chipset was specifically designed to meet the needs of high performance systems. It consists of two components: SeverWorks CMIC-SL (North bridge) and ServerWorks CSB6 (South bridge). • ServerWorks CMIC-SL(North bridge) supports Intel® Pentium® 4 CPU with mPGA478 package. Build-in features include main memory interface with optimized support for DDR SDRAM, 64-bit, 33MHz primary PCI bus interface (PCI) with integrated PCI arbiter, I2C bus support and other related functions. • ServerWorks CSB6 (South bridge) integrates support for ACPI, USB 1.1, SMBus, PCI master, PCI arbiter, LPC bus controller, LPC arbiter, seven channel 8237 compatible DMA controller and DMA 66/100 on primary & secondary IDE with DMA66 on third IDE and other standard PC functions. LAN subsystem Another cost-effective feature for network solution is the integration of Intel® 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet controller which supports Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) 2.0 based power management, advanced System Management Bus (SMBus) based manageability, Wired for Management (WfM) 2.0 compliance, TCP/ UDP/IP checksum calculation and segmentation, PCI 2.2 compliance, and PC 2001 compliance. aa300.book Page 5 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 5 Expansion slots PCI bus The system board has one PCI buses that support 32-bit/33 MHz/5V PCI devices and four PCI buses supporting 64-bit/33 MHz/3.3V PCI devices. Hardware management support The system board supports the power-management function that conforms to the power-saving standards of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Energy Star program. It also offers Plug-andPlay. This feature saves the user from configuration troubles, thus making the system more user-friendly. Additional features include hardware support for ASM (Advanced Server Management). ASM detects CPU thermal condition problems, CPU working voltage detection (±12V/±5V/3.3V/1.5V), and PCI bus utilization calculation. It also detects if the CPU fan or the chassis fan malfunctions. aa300.book Page 6 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 6 1 Getting started Features summary The main board has the following major components: • Utilizes a mPG478 processor socket that supports a Pentium 4 processor running start at 1.8 GHz and future generations of Pentium CPUs • ServerWorks GC-SL chipset which includes the north and the south bridge • Onboard Gigabit Ethernet chip that supports WOL and AOL • Four DIMM sockets that accept 128-, 256-, 512-, and 1-GB DDR SDRAMs with a maximum memory upgrade of 4-GB • On-board ATI Rage XL and 5 PCI bus slots with 4 supporting 64-bit PCI • System clock/calendar with battery backup • IDE hard disk and diskette drive interfaces • Auxiliary power connector for 300W SPS and ATX power supply • Advanced Server Management (ASM) • • • • External ports: 2 USB connectors PS/2-compatible keyboard port PS/2-compatible mouse port • • • RJ-45 jack Parallel port Serial port aa300.book Page 7 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 7 Preinstallation requirements Selecting a site Before unpacking and installing the system, select a suitable site for the system for maximum efficiency. Consider the following factors when choosing a site for the system: • Near a grounded power outlet • Clean and dust-free • Sturdy surface free from vibration • Well-ventilated and away from sources of heat • Secluded from electromagnetic fields produced by electrical devices such as air-conditioners, radio and TV transmitters, etc. Checking the package contents Check the following items from the package: • Acer Altos G300 (Model: G301) system • Acer Altos G300 Series user’s guide • EasyBUILD CD • Acer Altos G300 Series accessory box • System keys (hung inside the front panel door) If any of the above items are damaged or missing, contact your dealer immediately. Save the boxes and packing materials for future use. aa300.book Page 8 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 8 1 Getting started Basic connections The system unit, keyboard, mouse, and monitor constitute the basic system. Before connecting any other peripherals, connect these peripherals first to test if the system is running properly. Connecting the keyboard aa300.book Page 9 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 9 Connecting the mouse aa300.book Page 10 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 10 Connecting the VGA monitor Connecting to the network 1 Getting started aa300.book Page 11 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 11 Connecting the power cable aa300.book Page 12 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 12 1 Getting started System startup After making sure that you have set up the system properly and connected all the required cables, you may now apply power to the system. To power on the system: Open the front panel door and press the power button. The system starts up and displays a welcome message. After that, a series of power-on self-test (POST) messages appears. The POST messages indicate if the system is running well or not. Note: If the system does not turn on or boot after pressing the power button, go to the next section for the possible causes of the boot failure. Aside from the self-test messages, you can determine if the system is in good condition by checking if the following occurred: • Power indicator LED on the front bezel lights up (green) • Power, Num Lock, and Caps Lock LED indicators on the keyboard light up aa300.book Page 13 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 13 Power-on problems If the system does not boot after you have applied power, check the following factors that might have caused the boot failure. • The external power cable may be loosely connected. Check the power cable connection from the power source to the power socket on the rear panel. Make sure that each cable is properly connected to each power supply. • No power comes from the grounded power outlet. Have an electrician check your power outlet. • Loose or improperly connected internal power cables. Check the internal cable connections. If you are not confident to perform this step, ask a qualified technician to help you. Warning! Make sure all power cords are disconnected from the electrical outlet before performing this task. Note: If you have gone through the preceding actions and the system still fails to boot, ask your dealer or a qualified technician for assistance. aa300.book Page 14 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 14 1 Getting started Connecting options Printer To connect a printer, plug the printer cable into the parallel port located on the rear panel of your computer. USB devices Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a new serial bus design that is capable of cascading low-/medium-speed peripherals (less than 12 Mbps) such as a keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and modem. With USB, complex cable connections can be eliminated. Your computer comes with two USB ports. These ports allow you to connect additional serial devices to your computer without using up its system resources. aa300.book Page 15 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 15 To connect a USB device, simply plug the device cable into any of the USB ports. Note: Most USB devices have a built-in USB port which allows you to daisychain other devices. aa300.book Page 16 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 16 1 Getting started Tower-to-rack option Aside from its tower configuration, the Acer Altos G300 (model G301) server can also be mounted in a rack-model position. A rack mount kit is available for customers who want to convert a tower-mounted system to a rack-model design. Please refer to Appendix C to this manual for installing the optional rack mount kit. aa300.book Page 17 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 2 System tour aa300.book Page 18 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM This chapter discusses the features and components of your computer. aa300.book Page 19 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 19 External and internal structure Front panel No. Description 1 CD-ROM drive stop/eject button 2 CD-ROM drive play/forward button 3 CD-ROM drive LED 4 and 6 CD-ROM volume control 5 CD-ROM drive tray 7 CD-ROM drive earphone socket 8 Altos EasyStor Cage (Removable HDD tray) 9 Floppy disk drive tray aa300.book Page 20 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 20 2 System tour No. Description 10 Floppy disk drive eject button 11 Power button 12 System power LED 13 Hard disk access LED 14 Warning LED Note: The positions and features of items (1) - (7) above may differ depending on the optical drive module installed aa300.book Page 21 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 21 Rear panel No. Description 1 Power cable socket 2 Power Supply Fan 3 System fan 4 PS/2 mouse port 5 PS/2 keyboard port 6 USB ports 7 Serial port 8 Parallel port 9 VGA port 10 LAN port 11 PCI expansion card slots aa300.book Page 22 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 22 2 System tour Internal components No. Description 1 Power supply 2 System board 3 5.25-inch drive bays 4 Altos EasyStor Cage (Removable HDD tray) 5 System fan 6 PCI expansion card slots aa300.book Page 23 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 23 System board layout Item Description KM1 PS/2 Keyboard & PS/2 Mouse USB1 USB Connectors COM1 Serial Port CN3 VGA Port aa300.book Page 24 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 24 2 System tour Item Description LPT1 Parallel Port LAN1 RJ45 LAN Port U11 Intel® 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet Controller U20 ATI RageXL CN2 Power Connector (4-pin) CN1 Power Connector (20-pin) JF1 Rear System Fan JF2 EasyStor cage Front Fan JF5 CPU FAN J1 DDR DIMM A J2 DDR DIMM B J3 DDR DIMM C J4 DDR DIMM D U6 P4 CPU Socket 478 U5 North Bridge (CMIC-SL) U9 South Bridge (CSB6) JP2 Third IDE Channel J5 Floppy Connector JP3 Control Panel JP7 Primary IDE Connector JP5 Secondary IDE Connector J7 64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 5 aa300.book Page 25 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 25 Item Description J8 64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 4 J10 64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 3 J11 64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 2 J12 32-bit/33MHz/5V PCI Slot 1 J13 Jumper Setting J18 Power Connector J19 Reset Connector J16 SCSI HDD Access LED Indicator JP8 Feature Connector J14 I2C Connector U44 BIOS BT1 Battery BZ1 Buzzer Port80LED Diagnostics LED aa300.book Page 26 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 26 2 System tour Control Panel (JP3) Jumper Setting (J13) PIN 1-2 Function Default setting Clear password ON aa300.book Page 27 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 27 Function Default setting PIN 3-4 Clear NVRAM OFF PIN 5-6 Recover BIOS ROM OFF Diagnostics LED (Port80LED) Note: Diagnostics LED show POST checkpoint codes when BIOS performs the Power On Self Test. See page 122. aa300.book Page 28 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 28 2 System tour aa300.book Page 29 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 3 Upgrading your system aa300.book Page 30 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM This chapter contains instructions on how to upgrade your computer. aa300.book Page 31 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 31 Installation precautions Before you install any system component, we recommend that you read the following sections. These sections contain important ESD precautions along with preinstallation and post-installation instructions. ESD precautions Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage your processor, disk drives, expansion boards, and other components. Always observe the following precautions before you install a computer component: 1 Do not remove a component from its protective packaging until you are ready to install it. 2 Wear a wrist grounding strap and attach it to a metal part of the computer before handling components. If a wrist strap is not available, maintain contact with the computer throughout any procedure requiring ESD protection. Preinstallation instructions Always observe the following before you install any component: 1 Turn off your system and all the peripherals connected to it before opening it. Then unplug all cables from the power outlets. 2 Open your computer according to the instructions on page 33. 3 Follow the ESD precautions described above before handling a computer component. 4 Remove any expansion boards or peripherals that block access to the DIMM sockets or component connector. 5 See the following sections for specific instructions on the component you wish to install. Warning! Not turning off the computer properly before you start installing the components may cause serious damage. Do not attempt the procedures described in the following sections unless you are a qualified service technician. aa300.book Page 32 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 32 3 Upgrading your system Post-installation instructions Observe the following after installing a computer component: 1 See to it that the components are installed according to the stepby-step instructions in their respective sections. 2 Replace any expansion boards or peripherals that you removed earlier. 3 Replace the computer cover. 4 Connect the necessary cables and turn on your computer. aa300.book Page 33 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 33 Opening your system Caution: Before you proceed, make sure that you have turned off your computer and all peripherals connected to it. Read the “Preinstallation instructions” on page 31. You need to open your computer before you can install additional components. See the following section for instructions. Removing the front panel 1 Unlock the door lock. 2 Insert your hand in the opening under the front panel. Reach for the panel handle and press it to release the cover from the housing frame. 3 Pull the cover to detach it completely from the frame. aa300.book Page 34 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 34 3 Upgrading your system Removing the side panels The system housing has one front panel and two removable side panels. Always observe the following ESD (electrostatic discharge) precautions before installing any system component: 1 Do not remove any system component from its packaging unless you are ready to install it. 2 Wear a wrist grounding strap before handling electronic components. Wrist grounding straps are available at most electronic component stores. Danger! DO NOT attempt the procedures in the following sections unless you are confident of your capability to perform them. Otherwise, ask a service technician for assistance. A microswitch is allocated on the right side of the front chassis. It helps indicate whether the panel is removed or intact. Also, a security lock secures the front panel to protect against unauthorized access. To remove the side panels: 1 Turn off the power to the system unit and unplug all cables. 2 Place the system unit on a flat, steady surface. 3 Remove the front panel. See page 33. 4 Remove the one front screw with a Phillips screwdriver to remove one side panel. Keep them in a safe place for later use. aa300.book Page 35 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 35 5 Detach the side panel. 6 Repeat steps 4 to 5 to remove the other side panel. aa300.book Page 36 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 36 3 Upgrading your system Installing and removing storage devices The housing supports four 5.25-inch, and three internal 3.5-inch storage devices. The empty drive bays allow you to install additional drives such as a CD-ROM drive, digital audio tape (DAT) drive or another hard disk drive. Note: Your basic system comes with a CD-ROM drive, a 3.5-inch diskette drive, and a hard disk drive already installed. Replacing a 3.5-inch or a 5.25-inch storage device To replace a 3.5-inch storage device: 1 Open the front panel door and pull down the door of the Altos EasyStor Cage. 2 Remove the thumb screws from the Altos EasyStor Cage. 3 Pull out the Altos EasyStor Cage. 4 Disconnect the power cable of the hard disk fan. 5 Disconnect the power and signal cable from the old drive. aa300.book Page 37 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 37 6 Remove the four screws with a Phillips screw driver and remove the old drive from the 3.5-inch hard disk tray. Note 1: Pull down the door of the EasyStor Cage till it clicks into place. Note 2: Pull it out in horizontal position. EasyStor Cage will become heavy when containing more than 2 hard disks. Remember pull it out carefully with both hands for its heavy weight. aa300.book Page 38 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 38 3 Upgrading your system Installing a hard disk To install a hard disk drive into the hard disk frame: 1 Insert the drive tray. 2 Secure the drive tray with two screws. 3 Connect the power and signal cables. aa300.book Page 39 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 39 Installing a DLT To install a DLT drive into the 5.25-drive frame. 1 Insert the DLT. 2 Secure the DLT with two screws. 3 Connect the power and signal cables. Note: DLT drive should be installed in the 1st or 2nd 5.25-inch drive tray. aa300.book Page 40 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 40 3 Upgrading your system Installing and removing the CPU The Pentium 4 comes in a mPGA478 package. The mPGA478 package is designed for the new breed of sleek, high performance, small form factor PCs. The system board supports a Pentium 4 processor running start at 1.8 GHz and future generations of Pentium CPUs. Caution: Always observe the ESD precautions when installing or removing a system component. Refer to page 31. Installing a CPU Follow these steps to install a CPU: 1 Remove the processor from its protective packaging. 2 Insert the new CPU into the CPU socket. Make sure that pin 1 (indicated by a notched corner) of the CPU connects to hole 1 of the socket. Push down the socket lever to lock the new CPU into the socket. aa300.book Page 41 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 41 3 Attach one side of the fan/heatsink metal bracket to the CPU socket and then gently push down the other side of the metal bracket until it locks in place. 4 Connect the 3-pin fan/thermal cable to the system board. Refer to section “System board layout” on page 23 for the location of the fan/thermal connectors. Note: The heatsink becomes very hot when the system is on. NEVER touch the heatsink with any metal or with your hands. Removing a CPU Follow these steps to remove a CPU: 1 Disconnect the 3-pin fan/heatsink cables from the system board. 2 Unhook one side of the fan/heatsink metal bracket and gently lift it before removing the other side. aa300.book Page 42 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 42 3 Upgrading your system 3 Gently push the socket lever down to release the lever and then pull it up. 4 Remove the CPU. aa300.book Page 43 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 43 Installing and removing memory modules The four 184-pin sockets onboard support DDR SDRAM-type DIMMs. You may install 128-MB, 256-MB, 512-MB, or 1-GB DIMMs for a maximum of 4-GB system memory. This system board supports DDR266 266MHz SDRAM. Each of the DIMM socket is independent from the others. This independence allows you to install DIMMs with different capacities to form different configurations. To install a DIMM, align it to an empty slot and press it in until the holding clips secure the DIMM in place. Note: The DIMM socket is slotted to ensure proper installation. If you slip in a DIMM but it does not completely fit, you may have inserted it the wrong way. Reverse the orientation of the DIMM. aa300.book Page 44 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 44 3 Upgrading your system To remove a DIMM, press the holding clips on both sides of the socket outward to release the DIMM. Note: Place your forefingers on the top of the DIMM before you press the holding clips to gently disengage the DIMM from the socket. Reconfiguring the system The system automatically detects the amount of memory installed. Run Setup to view the new value for total system memory and make a note of it. aa300.book Page 45 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 45 Installing expansion cards There are two kinds of expansion slots available in this system board. These are 32-bit PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) and 64-bit PCI. To install expansion cards: 1 Locate an empty expansion slot on the system board. 2 Remove the metal bracket located opposite the empty expansion slot using a Phillips screwdriver. 3 Insert an expansion card into the slot. Make sure that the card is properly seated. aa300.book Page 46 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 46 4 3 Upgrading your system Secure the card to the housing with a screw. When you turn on the system, BIOS automatically detects and assigns resources to the new device. Note: BIOS detects and configures only PnP (Plug n Play) expansion cards. aa300.book Page 47 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 4 Setup utility aa300.book Page 48 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM This chapter gives information about the system BIOS and tells how to configure the system by changing the settings of the BIOS parameters. aa300.book Page 49 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 49 Introduction Most systems are already configured by the manufacturer or the dealer. There is no need to run Setup when starting the computer unless you get a Run Setup message. The Setup program loads configuration values into the battery-backed nonvolatile memory called CMOS RAM. This memory area is not part of the system RAM. Note: If you repeatedly receive Run Setup messages, the battery may be bad. In this case, the system cannot retain configuration values in CMOS. Ask a qualified technician for assistance. Before you run Setup, make sure that you have saved all open files. The system reboots immediately after you exit Setup. aa300.book Page 50 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 50 4 Setup utility Setup Menu The computer employs the latest AMI BIOS CMOS chip with support for Windows Plug and Play. This CMOS chip contains the ROM Setup instructions for configuring the mainboard’s BIOS. The BIOS (Basic Input and Output System) Setup utility is a menu driven utility that enables you to make changes to the system configuration and tailor your system to suit your individual work needs. BIOS is a ROM-based configuration utility that displays the system’s configuration status and provides you with a tool to set system parameters. These parameters are stored in non-volatile battery-backed-up CMOS RAM that saves this information even when the power is turned off. When the system is turned back on, the system is configured with the values found in CMOS. Configure such items as: • Hard drives, diskette drives, and peripherals • Password protection from unauthorized use • Power Management Features This Setup utility should be executed under the following conditions: • When changing the system configuration • When a configuration error is detected by the system and you are prompted to make changes to the Setup utility • When redefining the communication ports to prevent any conflicts • When making changes to the Power Management configuration • When changing the password or making other changes to the security setup BIOS Setup Options at Boot The user will be able to initiate SETUP by pressing the respective keys. <CTRL>-<ALT>-<ESC>Enter the BIOS Setup aa300.book Page 51 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 51 Setup submenu: Main Parameter Description Options AMIBIOS Version The core version of AMI BIOS. N/A BIOS Build Date The date when the BIOS build. N/A BIOS ID The version of current BIOS. N/A System Time Use these items to set the correct time. [HH:MM:SS] System Date Use these items to set the correct date. [mm/dd/yyyy] System Information Display the system information. N/A Product Information Display the product information. N/A aa300.book Page 52 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 52 4 Setup utility Setup submenu: Advanced BIOS SETUP UTILITY Main Advanced Power Boot Security Exit Setup Warning Setting items on this screen to incorrect values may cause the system to malfunction! Configure SuperIO Chipset Nat414 SuperIO Configuration IDE Configuration Floppy Configuration OnBoard Devices Configuration PCIPnP Configuration Boot Settings Configuration Event Log Configuration System Health Monitoring Hardware Remote Access Configuration Select Screen Select Item Enter Go to Sub Screen F1 General Help F10 Save and Exit ESC Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description SuperIO Configuration Configure SuperIO Chipset Nat414. IDE Configuration Configure the IDE device(s). Floppy Configuration Configure the Floppy drive(s). OnBoard Devices Configuration OnBoard devices control Enable/Disable. PCIPnP Configuration Legacy USB control and PCI slot IRQ preference assign. Boot Settings Configuration Boot Settings Configuration. Event Log Configuration Configure Event Logging. System Health Monitoring Hardware Configure System Health Monitoring Hardware parameters. aa300.book Page 53 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 53 Parameter Description Remote Access Configuration Configure Remote Access. SuperIO Configuration SuperIO Chipset Nat414 Advanced Configure Nat414 Serial Port(s) and Parallel Port ___________________________________________________ Serial Port1 (Address/IRQ) Parallel Port Address Parallel Port IRQ Parallel Port Mode ECP Mode DMA Channel [3F8/IRQ4]   [ECP]  +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. • Onboard Serial Port 1 Use these items to disable the serial ports or to assign a port address and IRQ to the ports. • Onboard Parallel Port Use this item to disable the parallel port or assign a port address to the parallel port. • Parallel Port IRQ Use this item to determine the IRQ of the parallel port. • Parallel Port Mode Select Use this item to determine the mode of the parallel port. You can select Normal, Bi-directional, EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port) or ECP (Extended Capabilities Port). • Parallel Port DMA Channel These items are not available in most circumstances. If they are available, use them to allocate DMA (Direct Memory Access) channel for the parallel port. aa300.book Page 54 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 54 4 Setup utility IDE Configuration B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y Ad v an c ed ID E C o n fig u ratio n E n ab le o r d is ab le so ftw are ____ ___ ___ __ ___ ___ ___ _ ____ ___ ___ __ ___ ___ ___ _ ____ ___ R A ID . ID E S o ftw are R A ID [D isab led ] > > > > > > P rim a ry ID E M aster P rim a ry ID E S lav e S eco n d a ry ID E M aster S eco n d a ry ID E S lav e Tertiary ID E M aster Tertiary ID E S lav e H ard D isk W rite P ro te ct [H ard D is k] [H ard D is k] [ATA P I C D R O M ] [ATA P I C D R O M ] [H ard D is k] [H ard D is k] [D isab led ] ЧШ ХЦ + F1 F 10 ESC S ele ct S cre en S ele ct Item C h an g e O p tio n G en eral H elp S av e an d E xit E xit V 02.03 © C o p yrig h t 198 5-2000 , Am e ric an M eg atren d s In c. Parameter Description Options IDE Software RAID This item enables or disables the software RAID in primary IDE channel and secondary IDE channel. Enabled Primary IDE Master Device detected as primary IDE master. Primary IDE Slave Device detected as primary IDE slave. Manual configure IDE device parameters if device could not been detected by BIOS. Secondary IDE Master Device detected as secondary IDE master. Secondary IDE Slave Device detected as secondary IDE slave. Third IDE Master Device detected as third IDE master. Third IDE Slave Device detected as third IDE slave. Disabled aa300.book Page 55 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 55 Parameter Description Options Hard Disk Write Protect Disable/Enable device write protection. This will be effective only if device is accessed through BIOS. Disabled Enabled Auto Detect Hard Disks This item automatically detects and installs any hard disk drives installed on the primary and secondary IDE channels. Most modern drives can be detected. If you are using a very old drive that can’t be detected, you can install it manually. aa300.book Page 56 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 56 4 Setup utility Primary IDE Master (if attached Hard Disk) BIOS SETUP UTILITY Advanced Primary IDE Master ___________________________________________________ Device : Hard Disk Vendor : IBM-DTT A-307030 Size : 30.7GB LBA Mode : Supported Block Mode : 16Sectors PIO Mode : 4 Async Mode : MultiW ord DMA-2 Ultra DMA : Ultra DMA-5 S.M.A.R.T. : Supported ____________________________________________________ Type [Auto] LBA/Large Mode [Auto] Block Mode [Auto] PIO Mode [Auto] DMA Mode [Auto] S.M.A.R.T. [Auto] 32Bit Data Transfer [Disabled] ARMD Emulation Type [Auto] +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Options Type Configure the driver type. Auto CDROM ARMD Not Installed LBA/Large Mode Select the hard disk drive translation method. For drivers with more than 504MB, the LBA mode is necessary. Auto Disabled Block Mode Auto: The Data transfer from and to the device occurs multiple sectors at a time if the device supports it. Auto Disabled Disable: The Data transfer from and to the device occurs one sector at a time. aa300.book Page 57 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 57 Parameter Description Options PIO Mode Select PIO (Programmed Input/ Output) Mode. Mode 0 to 4 provide successive increase of performance. Auto 0 1 2 3 4 DMA Mode S.M.A.R.T. Select DMA Mode: Auto Auto: Auto detected SWDMAn: SingleWordDMAn SWDMAn MWDMAn MWDMAn: MultiWordDMAn UDMAn: UltraDMAn UDMAn Enable or disable the S.M.A.R.T (SelfMonitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technology) in the internal hard disk. If ‘Auto’ is selected, the BIOS will enable the S.M.A.R.T if the drive supports it. Auto 32Bit Data Transfer Enable/disable 32bit data transfer. ARMD Emulation Type Select ARMD device emulation type by BIOS. Disabled Enabled Enabled Disabled Auto Floppy Hard Disk aa300.book Page 58 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 58 4 Setup utility Secondary IDE Master (if attached ATAPI CDROM) BIOS SETUP UTILITY Advanced Secondary IDE Master ____________________________________________________ Device : A TAPI CDROM Vendor : MA TSHITA CD-177 LBA Mode : Supported Block Mode : 16Sectors PIO Mode : 4 Async Mode : MultiW ord DMA-2 Ultra DMA : Ultra DMA-2 ____________________________________________________ Type [Auto] LBA/Large Mode [Auto] Block Mode [Auto] PIO Mode [Auto] DMA Mode [Auto] S.M.A.R.T. [Auto] +32Bit Data Transfer [Disabled] F1 ARMD Emulation Type [Auto] F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Secondary IDE Slave (if none attached) Advanced Secondary IDE Slave ____________________________________________________ Device : Not Detected ____________________________________________________ Type [Auto] LBA/Large Mode [Auto] Block Mode [Auto] PIO Mode [Auto] DMA Mode [Auto] S.M.A.R.T. [Auto] 32Bit Data Transfer [Disabled] ARMD Emulation Type [Auto] +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. aa300.book Page 59 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 59 Floppy Configuration BIOS SETUP UTILITY Advanced Floppy Configuration ____________________________________________________ Floppy A [1.44MB 31/2 ] Select the Floppy drive type. +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. • Parameter Description Floppy Drive A Select the floppy drive type Floppy Drive A If you have one floppy drive installed change the item Floppy Drive A so that it describes the characteristics of the drive. aa300.book Page 60 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 60 4 Setup utility PCIPnP Configuration B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y Advanced P C I P n P C o n f ig u r a t io n P lu g & P la y O /S R e s e t C o n f ig u r e D a ta P C I L a t e n c y T im e r U S B F u n c t io n L e g a c y U S B S u p p o rt A R M D E m u la t io n T y p e [N o ] [N o ] [6 4 ] [ E n a b le d ] [ D is a b le d ] [ H a r d D is k ] PCI PCI PCI PCI PCI [A u to ] [A u to ] [A u to ] [A u to ] [A u to ] S lo t - 1 S lo t - 2 S lo t - 3 S lo t - 4 S lo t - 5 IR Q IR Q IR Q IR Q IR Q P re fe re n c e P re fe re n c e P re fe re n c e P re fe re n c e P re fe re n c e No: le ts th e B IO S c o n f ig u r e a ll th e d e v ic e s in t h e s y s t e m . Y e s : le ts t h e o p e r a t in g s y s t e m c o n f ig u r e P lu g a n d P la y ( P n P ) d e v ic e s n o t r e q u ir e d f o r b o o t if y o u r s y s t e m h a s a P lu g and P la y o p e r a t in g s y s te m . ЧШ ХЦ + F1 F10 ESC S e le c t S c r e e n S e le c t It e m C h a n g e O p t io n G e n e r a l H e lp S a v e a n d E x it E x it V 0 2 . 0 3 © C o p y r ig h t 1 9 8 5 - 2 0 0 0 , A m e r ic a n M e g a t r e n d s In c . Parameter Description Options Plug & Play O/S No: lets the BIOS configure all the devices in the system. Yes No Yes: lets the operating system configure Plug and Play (PnP) devices not required for boot if your system has a Plug and Play operating system. Reset Configure Date NO: does not force the PnP data to be cleared on boot. PCI Latency Timer Value in units of PCI clocks for PCI device latency timer register. USB Function On/Off to enable/disable the USB function in Chipset. Legacy USB Support Yes No YES: clears PCI/PnP Configuration Data stored in Flash on next boot. Enables support for legacy USB. Enabled Disabled Enabled Disabled aa300.book Page 61 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 61 Parameter Description ARMD Emulation Type Sets the emulation type for USB ZIP drive. PCI Slot-1 IRQ Preference Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-1. PCI Slot-2 IRQ Preference Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-2. PCI Slot-3 IRQ Preference Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-3. PCI Slot-4 IRQ Preference Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-4. PCI Slot-5 IRQ Preference Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-5. Options Auto 3 4 5 7 9 10 11 12 14 15 aa300.book Page 62 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 62 4 Setup utility Boot Settings Configuration B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y Advanced B o o t S e ttin g s C o n fig u ra t io n ____________________________________________________ Q u ic k B o o t [E n a b le d ] Q u ie t B o o t [E n a b le d ] B o o tU p N u m -L o c k [O n ] P S /2 M o u s e S u p p o rt [E n a b le d ] W a it F o r ‘F 1 ’ If E r ro r [E n a b le d ] H y p e rT h r e a d in g [E n a b le d ] A llo w s B IO S to s k ip c e r ta in te s ts w h ile b o o tin g . T h is w ill d e c re a s e th e tim e n e e d e d to b o o t th e s y s te m . ЧШ ХЦ + F1 F10 ESC S e le c t S c re e n S e le c t Ite m C h a n g e O p tio n G e n e r a l H e lp S a v e a n d E x it E x it V 0 2 .0 3 © C o p y r ig h t 1 9 8 5 - 2 0 0 0 , A m e r ic a n M e g a tre n d s In c . Parameter Description Quick Boot Allows BIOS to skip certain tests while booting. This will decrease the time needed to boot the system. Quiet Boot Disabled: Displays normal POST messages. Options Enabled: Displays OEM Logo instead of POST messages. Bootup NumLock Select Power-on state for NumLock On PS/2 Mouse Support Enable/Disable PS/2 mouse support by BIOS. Wait For ‘F1’ if Error Enable/Disable ëF1í key wait if some POST error occurred. Enabled Disabled Hyper Threading Enabled: Enable CPU Hyper-Threading for HT enabled processor(s). Enabled Off Enabled Disabled Disabled: Disable CPU Hyper-Threading for HT enabled processor(s). Disabled aa300.book Page 63 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 63 Event Log Configuration B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y Advanced E v e n t L o g C o n fig u r a tio n ____________________________________________________ E v en t L o g A rea: E v e n t L o g D a ta : S p a c e A v a ila b le V a lid E v e n t L o g g in g B IO S P O S T E v e n t L o g g in g E C C E v e n t L o g g in g P C I D e v ic e E v e n t L o g g in g In tr u s io n E v e n t lo g g in g C le a r In t r u s io n S ta t u s C le a r A ll E v e n t L o g s R e s e t D is a b le d M e m o r y B a n k [E n a b le d ] [E n a b le d ] [D is a b le d ] [E n a b le d ] [E n a b le d ] [N o ] [N o ] [N o ] > V ie w E v e n t L o g E n a b le d : A llo w lo g g in g o e v e n ts . ЧШ ХЦ + F1 F10 ESC S e le c t S c r e e n S e le c t Ite m C h a n g e O p tio n G e n e r a l H e lp S a v e a n d E x it E x it V 0 2 .0 3 © C o p y r ig h t 1 9 8 5 -2 0 0 0 , A m e r ic a n M e g a tr e n d s In c . Note: If there are any event logs recorded, “View Event Log” will appear. If no event recorded, this option will NOT appear. Parameter Description Event Log Area The space utilization of event log NVRAM. If space is full, no new event type could be record. Event Log Data The state of event log data. The event log data is only available if ‘valid’. Event Logging Allow/Not allow logging of events. BIOS POST Event Logging Allow/Not allow logging of BIOS POST events. ECC Event Logging Allow/Not allow logging of ECC events. Options Enabled Disabled Enabled Disabled aa300.book Page 64 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 64 4 Setup utility Parameter Description Options PCI Device Event Logging Allow/Not allow logging of PCI PERR error events. Intrusion Event logging Allow/Not allow logging of chassis intrusion events. Enabled Disabled Clear Intrusion Status Clear chassis intrusion status and set this value as ‘disabled’ at next time system boot if this item is enabled. Yes Clear All Event Logs Clear event log area and set this value as ‘disabled’ at next time system boot if this item is enabled. Yes No Reset Disabled Memory Bank Enable all memory banks on next boot. Memory DIMM might be disabled by memory reduction feature. View Event Log This allows user to see the detail BIOS and IPMI event. No N/A View Event Log This allows user to see the detail BIOS and IPMI event. 00/00/00 00/00/00 90/03/01 90/03/02 90/03/10 90/03/12 00:00:33 00:02:15 00:13:04 00:07:50 00:55:37 00:58:37 View Event Log CMOS Battery Failure CMOS System Options Not Set CMOS System Options Not Set CMOS System Options Not Set CMOS System Options Not Set CMOS System Options Not Set Mark All Events As Read Mark All Event Log Records As Read [OK] [Cancel] aa300.book Page 65 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 65 OnBoard Devices Configuration BIOS SETUP UTILITY Advanced OnBoard Devices Configuration ____________________________________________________ OnBoard LAN OnBoard PCI VGA [Enabled] [Enabled] +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description OnBoard LAN Enable or disable onboard LAN. Options Enabled Disabled OnBoard PCI VGA Enable or disable onboard VGA. Enabled Disabled System Health Monitoring Hardware Hardware Monitor Setup Page This page lets you install hardware monitoring parameters so that the system can warn you when critical parameters are exceeded. aa300.book Page 66 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 66 4 Setup utility System Hardware Monitor If your mainboard supports hardware monitoring, these items are auto-detected and the results are reported. You cannot make changes to these items. BIOS SETUP UTILITY Advanced System Health Monitoring Hardware ____________________________________________________ Case Status Closed Current CPU1 Temp. 360C/960F Current System Temp. 260C/780F Current CPU Fan Speed [4200RPM] Current System Fan 1 Speed [0RPM] Current System Fan 2 Speed [0RPM] Configure System Health Monitoring Hardware parameters. Voltage monitoring +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Case Status The current status detected by chassis intrusion switch. Current CPU Temp Current CPU temperature detected by the sensor on the board. Current System Temp Current board temperature detected by the sensor on the board. Current CPU Fan Speed Current CPU Fan speed detected. Current System Fan 1 Speed Current System Fan 1 speed detected. Current System Fan 2 Speed Current System Fan 2 speed detected. aa300.book Page 67 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 67 Parameter Description Voltage monitoring Press ‘Enter’ to view the voltage monitored. Voltage monitoring BIOS SETUP UTILITY Advanced System Health Monitoring Hardware ____________________________________________________ VTT 1.2408 V Vcc 12V 11.9375 V Vcc 5V 4.9660 V Vcc 3.3V 3.3024 V Vcc 2.5V 2.4960 V CPU Vcore 1.4554 V LAN 1.5V 1.5087 V Vcc 5V Standby 5.0700 V Vcc 3.3V Standby 3.3368 V VGA 2.5V 2.4960 V Vdd_IMB 1.5V 1.4946 V +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. aa300.book Page 68 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 68 4 Setup utility Remote Access Configuration BIOS SETUP UTILITY Advanced Configure Remote Access type and parameters ____________________________________________________ Remote Access [Serial (ANSI)] Serial Port Mode Select remote access type [115200 8,n,1] +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Remote Access Select remote access type. Options Disabled Serial (ANSI) Serial Port Mode Select Serial Port setting. 115200 8,n,1 57600 8,n,1 19200 8,n,1 9600 8,n,1 aa300.book Page 69 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 69 Setup submenu: Power B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y M a in Advanced Pow er Boot A C P I A w a re O /S Pow er M anagem ent A C L o s t H a n d lin g P o w e r B u tto n M o d e S e c u rity E x it [Ye s ] [E n a b le d ] [L a s t S ta te ] [O n /O ff] Ye s : It a llo w s A C P I a w a re O /S to a s s u m e c o n tro l over som e of po w er m a n a g e m e n t o p e r a tio n s o n th is s y s te m . ЧШ ХЦ + F1 F10 ESC S e le c t S c re e n S e le c t Ite m C h a n g e O p tio n G e n e ra l H e lp S a v e a n d E x it E x it V 0 2 .0 3 © C o p y rig h t 1 9 8 5 -2 0 0 0 , A m e ric a n M e g a tre n d s In c . Parameter Description Options ACPI Aware Enable / Disable ACPI support for Operating System. Enabled O/S Disabled ENABLE: If OS supports ACPI. DISABLE: If OS does not support ACPI. Power Management Enable or disable APM support. Enabled AC Lost Handling This sets the power state after a shutdown due to an unexpected interrupt of AC power. If the value is set to Stay OFF, the system remains turned off. If the value is set to Last State, the system returns to the last power state. Last State Power Button Mode If this item is set to On/Off, the power button acts as a standard on/off switch. If you set this item to Suspend, pressing the power button enters the system into a power-saving suspend mode. On/Off Suspend Disabled Stay Off aa300.book Page 70 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 70 4 Setup utility Setup submenu: Boot BIOS SETUP UTILITY Main Advanced Power Boot Security Exit Boot Device Priority Hard Disk Drives Removable Devices ATAPI CDROM Drives Select Screen Select Item Enter Go to Sub Screen F1 General Help F10 Save and Exit ESC Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Boot Device Priority Specifies the boot sequence from the available devices. Hard Disk Drives Specifies the available hard disk drives boot sequence. Only first drive could boot the system. Removable Devices Specifies the available removable devices boot sequence. Only first drive could boot the system. ATAPI CDROM Drives Specifies the available CD-ROM drives boot sequence. Only first drive could boot the system. aa300.book Page 71 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 71 Boot Device Priority BIOS SETUP UTILITY Boot st 1 Boot Device 2nd Boot Device 3rd Boot Device [Removable Device] [ATAPI CDROM] [Hard Drive] Specifies the boot sequence from the available devices. +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Options 1st Boot Device Configure the first boot device type. Available boot device type. 2nd Boot Device Configure the second boot device type. If first boot device fail to boot the system, BIOS will try to boot the system from 2nd boot device. ... Nth Boot Device Configure the N-th boot device type. If N-1 th boot device fail to boot the system, the BIOS will try to boot the system from N-th boot device. aa300.book Page 72 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 72 4 Setup utility Hard Disk Drives BIOS SETUP UTILITY Boot st 1 Hard Drive 2nd Hard Drive [IDE PRIMARY MASTER - IBM-DATA-3] [IDE PRIMARY SLAVE - IBM-DATA-35] Specifies the boot sequence from the available devices. +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description 1st Hard Drive Configure the hard drive to boot the system. 2nd Hard Drive Configure the 2nd hard drive. Note that only 1st hard drive could boot the system. aa300.book Page 73 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 73 Removable Devices BIOS SETUP UTILITY Boot 1 st Removable Dev st [1 Floppy] Specifies the boot sequence from the available devices. +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description 1st Removable Dev Configure the 1st removable device to boot the system. aa300.book Page 74 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 74 4 Setup utility ATAPI CDROM Drives BIOS SETUP UTILITY Boot st 1 ATAPI CDROM [IDE SECONDARY MASTER - MATSHITA] Specifies the boot sequence from the available devices. +F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Change Option General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Options 1st ATAPI CDROM Configure the first ATAPI CDROM to boot the system. Only first CDROM could boot the system. CD-ROM available to the system. aa300.book Page 75 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 75 Setup submenu: Security BIOS SETUP UTILITY Main Advanced Supervisor Password User Password Power : : Boot Security Not Installed Not Installed Exit Install or Change the password. Change Supervisor Password Change User Password Clear User Password Select Screen Select Item Enter Change F1 General Help F10 Save and Exit ESC Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Change User/ Supervisor Password You can install a Supervisor password, and if you install a supervisor password, you can then install a user password. A user password does not provide access to many of the features in the Setup utility.If you highlight these items and press Enter, a dialog box appears which lets you enter a password. You can enter no more than six letters or numbers. Press Enter after you have typed in the password. A second dialog box asks you to retype the password for confirmation. Press Enter after you have retyped it correctly. The password is required at boot time, or when the user enters the Setup utility. The characters allow for password are [‘a’’z’, ‘A’-’Z’, ‘0’-’9’]. Six characters are allowed for a password. Clear User Password Highlight this item and type in the current password. At the next dialog box press Enter to disable password protection. aa300.book Page 76 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 76 4 Setup utility Setup submenu: Exit BIOS SETUP UTILITY Main Advanced Power Boot Security Exit Saving Changes Exit Discarding Changes Load Optimal Defaults Load Failsafe Defaults Discard Changes Exit Exit system setup with saving the changes. Enter F1 F10 ESC Select Screen Select Item Go to Sub Screen General Help Save and Exit Exit V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc. Parameter Description Exit Saving Changes Exit system setup with saving the changes. Exit Discarding Changes Exit system setup without saving the changes. Load Optimal Defaults Load Optimal Defaults. Load Failsafe Defaults Load Failsafe Defaults. Discard Changes Discard changes. Auto Configuration with Optimal Settings If you highlight this item and press Enter, a dialog box asks if you want to install optimal settings for all the items in the Setup utility. Press the Y key to indicate Yes, and then press Enter to install the optimal settings. aa300.book Page 77 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 77 The optimal settings default values are quite demanding and your system might not function properly if you are using slower memory chips or other kinds of low-performance components. Auto Configuration with Fail-Safe Settings If you highlight this item and press Enter, a dialog box asks if you want to install fail-safe settings for all the items in the Setup utility. Press the Y key to indicate Yes, and then press Enter to install the fail-safe settings. The fail-safe settings default values are not demanding so a system should be able to operate with the fails safe settings even if it is installed with slower memory chips or other kinds of low-performance components. aa300.book Page 78 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 78 4 Setup utility aa300.book Page 79 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID aa300.book Page 80 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM This chapter gives information about configuring RAID IDE and arrays, assigning RAID levels, planning the arrayconfiguration, optimizing storage and using the RAID IDE Setup Utility. aa300.book Page 81 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 81 Configuring Arrays Organize the physical disk drives in arrays after the drives are connected to IDE software RAID. And array can consist of one to four physical disk drives, depending on the RAID level. Configuration Strategies The most important factors in RAID array configuration are drive availability (fault tolerance), and drive performance. Maximizing Drive Availability - You can maximize the drive availability by increasing fault tolerance. Use RAID 1 or mirror configuration to maximize availability. Maximizing Drive Performance - You can optimize drive performance by using striping. Select RAID 0 or striping to configure an array for optimal performance. Performance and Availability - You can achieve both drive performance and availability. Select RAID 10 for this configuration. You will need four drives to configure RAID 10. Assigning RAID Levels Only one RAID level can be assigned to each array. The drives required per RAID level is RAID Level Minimum Number of Drives Maximum Number of Drives 0 One Four 1 Two Two 10 Four Four aa300.book Page 82 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 82 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Selecting a RAID Level To ensure the best performance, you should select the optimal RAID level when you create a system drive. The optimal RAID level for your disk array depends on the following factors: • • • • Number of drives in the disk array Capacity of the drives in the array Need for data redundancy Disk performance requirements The factors you need to consider when selecting a RAID level are listed below. RAID Level Description and Use Pros Cons Number of Drives Fault Tolerant 0 Data divided in blocks and distributed sequentially (pure striping). Use for noncritical data that requires high performanc e. High data throughput for large files. No fault tolerance. All data lost if any drive fails. One to Four No 1 Data duplicated on another disk (mirroring). Use for readintensive fault tolerant systems 100 percent data redundancy Double disk space. Reduced performance during rebuilds. Two Yes 10 Data divided in blocks and distributed sequentially and each block is duplicated to another disk. 100 percent data redundancy and High data throughput. A minimum of four drives required. Four Yes aa300.book Page 83 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 83 Configuring Arrays After you have enabled IDE Software RAID in BIOS and have attached all physical disk drives, perform the following actions to prepare a RAID disk array Step Action 1 Press <CTRL>+<M> to run the IDE Software RAID Manager 2 Define and configure one or more logical drives. 3 Create and configure one or more system drives (logical drives). 4 Save the configuration. 5 Initialize the system drives. After initialization, you can install the operating system. Creating a Mirrored Array From an Existing Drive To build a new mirrored array from an existing drive, connect the current drive and a new drive to the RAID card. Perform the following steps. • • • • • Turn on the computer and Press <CTRL>+<M> to start the IDE Software RAID manager. Create an array by using Option F4. Change the array type to Mirror. Now include the existing drive and the new drive to this array. You can identify the existing drive and the new drive by their connection location. Start the rebuilding process by pressing <ENTER>. The setup will prompt for the target drive name. select the newly connected drive as the target drive by pressing <SPACE> and then <ENTER>. The rebuilding process will start. If there are any errors during the building of the array, you will be prompted with a message box. You can choose to ignore the error and proceed or stop the building process. aa300.book Page 84 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 84 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Using the IDE Software RAID Setup Utility The Setup window has three sections: • • • Array Information Physical Drive Information Help Only the Array Information and Physical Drive Information windows are active. The Array Information window can be edited, the Physical Drive Information window cannot. To access the IDE Software RAID setup utility, press <CTRL>+<M> during boot-up. Array Information - This section of the screen displays all the disk arrays configured. Use this section to create, delete or edit the existing configurations. The disk arrays are displayed as a node in a tree, as in Windows Explorer. When opened, each node displays the properties of the array. Press <UP ARROW> and <DOWN ARROW> no navigate the properties and press <ENTER> to edit your selection. • • • • • Array configuration type or RAID level (Stripe, Mirror, RAID 10, or spare pool) Drive numbers of the physical drives included in the array Stripe size (32 KB to 4 MB) which is valid for stripe and RAID 10 configurations only. Whether the system is bootable from one of the configured arrays Build Array function, which is valid for Mirror and RAID 10 arrays. This option is used to build one drive from another. The minimum stripe size allowed for RAID 10 configuration is 64 KB. Physical Drive Information - This section displays all the physical drives connected to the IDE channels and their properties. The <UP ARROW> and <DOWN ARROW> are used to navigate the Physical Drive Information window. • • • Channel ID (Primary or Secondary) Connection ID (Master or Slave) Disk array that the physical drive is a part of aa300.book Page 85 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 85 • • • Model number Size in MB of each drive The status of each drive (online, failed, or rebuilding) Information listed in the Physical Drive Information window cannot be edited. Only the <TAB>, <UP ARROW>, and <DOWN ARROW> keys will work when the control is in the Physical Drive Information window. Physical Drive Options - In the top right corner of the Physical Drive Information window are the Physical Drive Options. The following options are available: • • • Enable/Disable write cache Boot sector virus protection DMA transfers These options apply to all drives attached to the IDE software RAID. Help Section - The help section of the Setup window displays hints on available options. The help section also provides a list of keys that you can use to perform tasks, such as auto-configuring or creating or deleting an array. Auto Configure Stripe (F1) Press the <F1> key to auto configure a stripe array. When you do this, IDE Software RAID automatically creates a Stripe based array based on the available physical drives attached. The Stripe size is set for the optimum level (64 KB). Auto Configure Mirror (F2) Press the <F2> key to run auto configuration. When you do this, IDE Software RAID automatically creates arrays based on the available physical drives. A minimum of two free physical drives are required for mirroring. aa300.book Page 86 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 86 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Auto Configure RAID 10 (F3) Press the <F3> key to auto configure the drives for a RAID 10 array. A minimum of four free physical drives are required for the RAID 10 auto configuration. All previous settings will be lost when running Auto Configuration for Striping, Mirroring, or RAID 10. Create Array (F4) Press the <F4> key to create a disk array. When you create an array, a default array template is created. You must edit the array properties to complete the array creation. Use the arrow keys to highlight a property field and press <ENTER> to edit that property. Array Type - By default arrays are created in Stripe mode. When you select this field, a pop-up window displays the following options: • • • • • RAID mode STRIPE MIRROR RAID 10 SPARE POOL Select the intended RAID mode by using the arrow navigation keys and pressing <ENTER>. The SPARE POOL option is not a RAID mode, but a way to assign a physical drive as a hot spare to be used n case of a mirror failure. When a mirror configured array has a drive failure, a spare drive can be used to replace the failed drive and rebuild the array. To rebuild a drive from the SPARE POOL, the size of the physical drive in SPARE POOL must be the same or larger than the smallest drive in the array. aa300.book Page 87 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 87 Drive(s) - There is no default setting for this field. You must select the drives for the configured array. When this field is selected, a pop-up window will display all the available physical drives with check boxes. Drive Selection Box [ ] Cntlr 0 - Primary Master [ ] Cntlr 0 - Primary Slave [ ] Cntlr 0 - Secondary Master [ ] Cntlr 0 - Secondary Slave Use the arrow navigation keys and press <SPACE> to select or deselect the drive or drives to be put into the array. Press <ENTER> when done. If you select Mirror mode as the array type, you must select two drives to be in the array. This pop-up window will appear only when configuring RAID 0 (Stripe) and RAID 1 (Mirror) arrays. A RAID 10 array contains drives in each Stripe of the array and only two drives are allowed in each stripe. The maximum amount of Stripes is limited to four. Stripe Size - This field applies to Stripe mode arrays only. By default, an array is set up with 64 KB stripes. Edit this field to change the default stripe size. The size options are: • • • • • • • • 32 KB 64 KB 128 KB 256 KB 512 KB 1024 KB 2048 KB 4096 KB You cannot change the Stripe size of an array that has already been configured. Bootable - This determines which of the configured arrays should be used for booting the system. The options are YES or NO. You can select the boot device from the system BIOS Setup. Only one array is allowed to be bootable in a system. aa300.book Page 88 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 88 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Drive Size - This field cannot be edited. It displays the size of the array. When the array type is Stripe, the drive size is the total of all the drives selected (one or more drives). When Mirror, drive size is shown by an individual drive, and for Spare Pool, drive size shows the total drive capacity. Build Array - The build array option is valid for RAID 1 (Mirror) and RAID 10 arrays only. It is used to rebuild the array from the SPARE POOL. When Build Array starts, it will prompt the user to select the target drive. It does this because both drives can still be online. Once the target drive is selected, the rebuild will start. A drive rebuild can take a long time, depending on the size of the drive. A 2 GB drive takes about two minutes to rebuild when DMA mode is enabled. Delete Array (F5) Press the <F5> key to delete a currently configured array. Use the arrow navigation keys to highlight the array you want to delete and then press <F5>. Use this option with caution. When you delete an array, you lose the array configuration and the data stored in the array. Restore Old Configuration (F6) Press the <F6> key to restore the configuration that was in use before you entered the RAID setup utility. Save and Exit (F10) When you have completed array configuration, press <F10> to save the configuration and exit the utility. If you do not want to save the configuration or any changes that you have made, press <ESC>. Subsequent message boxes ask for confirmation; respond appropriately. Note that when a new array is configured, its partition record is invalidated. aa300.book Page 89 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 89 Installing Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000 Drivers Use the following procedure to install the IDE Software RAID Windows NT 4.0 or IDE Software RAID Windows 2000 driver on to the RAIDconfigured drives connected to the primary or secondary IDE channel. Step Description 1 Boot the system with the Windows NT or Windows 2000 Boot Installation CD or diskette. 2 Press <F6> when the following message is displayed: “Setup is inspecting your computer hardware configuration.” 3 When installation prompts for a key after copying some files, press <S> to add a SCSI adaptor. 4 Select Other from the list displayed on-screen. 5 Insert the IDE Software RAID driver floppy diskette and press <ENTER>. 6 Select LSI Logic IDE Software RAID driver from the list and click OK. 7 Continue with the installation process. Updating the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Driver Use the following procedure to update the IDE Software RAID Windows NT 4.0 or IDE Software RAID Windows 2000 driver or install the IDE Software into an existing system booted from a standard IDE or SCSI drive controller. Step Description 1 Click on the Windows Start button. The Windows menu is displayed. 2 Select Settings. 3 Click on Control Panel. aa300.book Page 90 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 90 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID 4 Select SCSI Adapters. 5 Select the Drivers tab. 6 If the IDE Software RAID is already enabled, it will appear in the list as “LSI CSB6 Controller.” Select and remove it by clicking the Remove button. 7 Click the Add button. 8 Click the Have Disk button. Insert the floppy diskette into the floppy drive. 9 Select Drive A: and click OK. 10 Select LSI CSB6 Controller and click OK. 11 After Windows copies the driver, reset the system. Confirming the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Driver Installation Use the following procedure to confirm that the IDE Software RAID Windows NT 4.0 or IDE Software RAID Windows 2000 driver is properly installed. Step Description 1 Click on the Windows Start button. The Windows menu is displayed. 2 Select Settings. 3 Click on Control Panel. 4 Select SCSI Adapters. 5 Select the Drivers tab. If the RAID board is installed, it will appear in the list as “LSI CSB6 Controller.” 6 Select the Devices tab. If drives are connected to IDE Software RAID and configured properly, you will see one or more entries as LSI CSB6 #xx under LSI CSB6 Controller. aa300.book Page 91 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 91 IDE Software RAID Configuration Console Installation The system must have the items listed in the table below before you install the IDE Software RAID Configuration Console. You need to install items for some operating systems before you install the Configuration Console. Operating System Service Pack Internet Browser Java Runtime Environment (JRE) Windows NT 4.0 5 or higher Yes JRE 1.2 or newer Windows 2000 No Not required JRE1.2 or newer Red Hat Linux 7.2123 No Yes JRE 1.2 or newer Supported Internet Browsers IDE Software RAID Configuration Console supports the following browsers: • • • Internet Explorer 5.x or newer Netscape 4.0 or newer Opera 5.2 or newer Installation Steps for Windows Insert the CD in your computer and run the Setup.EXE program, using the following directory: • <CD-ROM Drive Letter>:/Setup.EXE Setup.EXE installs the required components listed in the above table if they are not already installed. Follow the instructions on the installation screens. aa300.book Page 92 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 92 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID To install MegaRAID Configuration Console software utilities, follow the instructions on the installation screens aa300.book Page 93 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 93 For local administration of a system with IDE Software RAID, install MegaRAID Web Server and MegaRAID Server. For remote administration of different machines that contain IDE Software RAID, install MegaRAID Web Server, MegaRAID Server, and MegaRAID Registration Server. MegaRAID Registration Server needs to be installed on only one machine in the network. aa300.book Page 94 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 94 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Click Install to begin the installation, Back to review or change any installation settings, or Cancel to exit the Wizard. aa300.book Page 95 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 95 This screen displays the progress of the installation. Click Finish to complete the installation. aa300.book Page 96 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 96 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Using IDE Software RAID Configuration Console This section describes the IDE Software RAID Configuration Console software utility. You can use the software utilities that come with IDE Software RAID configuration console to perform the following actions. • • • • • • Get information about the configuration Track the health of the array and physical drives Track S.M.A.R.T. status of the physical drives Rebuild an array Perform a consistency check on an array Check error log where all drive failures are reported IDE Software RAID Configuration Console To log onto the RAID Server, enter the Internet address in the Internet browser. The following screen displays. The internet address should be http://localhost:555 aa300.book Page 97 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 97 Click the server name to select the RAID Server you want to configure. In the screen above, there is only one server listed. Continue the log-on procedure by selecting View Only or Full Access in the following screen. The table below describes the access options aa300.book Page 98 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 98 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Option Description View Only Allows you to only view the RAID configuration. It does not allow you to perform rebuilds or check consistency. Full Access This allows you to view, configure, and manage the IDE Software RAID controller. This option requires you to supply the Full Access Password. aa300.book Page 99 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 99 The main screen displays, as shown below. The following table displays the contents on IDE Software RAID Configuration Console main screen. It is broken up into 5 frames. Frame Description Top The top frame displays the following information: The server ID that you are logged on to. The mode you are logged on in. The type of RAID controller you are using. Left This frame lists the following options (described in the following Table): Scan Devices Configuration View Device Progress Log Data Advanced Back Plane Close Server Middle Upper This frame displays the Physical Disk Drive View. Middle Lower This frame displays the Logical Disk Drive View. Right This frame displays the type of actions you can perform. It also displays extended options and links when certain links are selected. This table lists the options in the left frame. You can click the options to perform actions or display the related screens. aa300.book Page 100 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 100 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Name Description Scan Devices Re scans the system for new hard drives. After you click this button, the driver re scans all PCI devices. You will notice a significant decrease in system performance for a few seconds. Config View Displays the RAID configuration, media errors, and status of the drives and arrays. It also allows you to start activity on a particular array. Logical View - displays information about the arrays. Physical View - displays all hard drives attached to the IDE Software RAID controller. Device Progress Displays the progress bar for the current activity on the IDE Software RAID controller. The progress bar displays the time left and percentage complete. Possible actions include the following: Rebuild Consistency Check Log Data Displays activity log information. All actions add records to the activity log file. The size of this file can be modified by clicking the Advanced button Advanced Allows you to modify the parameters for the RAID system. Back Plane Some systems can have built-in back plane devices. IDE Software RAID Configuration Console supports several types of back planes. See the user manual for your system. Close Server Returns you to the list of available servers. A small browser window runs in the background as soon as you log on to the RAID Server. It constantly refreshes the view so you have the most current information. The following screen displays the IDE Software RAID Configuration Console with the Scan Devices button in the left frame selected. When aa300.book Page 101 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 101 you click Scan Devices, the application re scans for new hard drives. There is a delay while this occurs. Config View The following screen displays the IDE Software RAID Configuration Console with the Config View button in the left frame selected. When you click Config View, it displays the RAID configuration, media errors, and status of the drives and arrays. It also allows you to start activity on a particular array. • • Logical View - displays information about the arrays. Physical View - displays all hard drives attached to the IDE Software RAID controller. aa300.book Page 102 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 102 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID RAID Controller Properties To view the RAID controller properties, click the button next to the RAID controller. After you click the button, the RAID controller ID displays in the right frame, and the link to the RAID controller Properties page displays below the controller ID. Click on the word Properties. aa300.book Page 103 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 103 Property Description This Property Description screen displays the RAID controller properties. This table provides a description of each field. To exit this screen, click Config View or Scan Devices. Field Description Model Specifies the model number of the RAID controller. Driver Version Specifies the driver version of the RAID controller. ROM Version Specifies the ROM version of the RAID controller. Revision Specifies the revision of the RAID controller. Interrupt Specifies the interrupt of the RAID controller. Bus Master Base Address Specifies the Bus Master Base Address of the RAID controller. aa300.book Page 104 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 104 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID PCI Bus ID Specifies the PCI Bus ID of the RAID controller. Device ID Specifies the Device ID of the RAID controller. Primary Channel Base Address Specifies the Primary Channel Base Address of the RAID controller. Primary Channel Control Address Specifies the Primary Channel Control Address of the RAID controller. Secondary Channel Base Address Specifies the Secondary Channel Base Address of the RAID controller. Secondary Channel Control Address Specifies the Secondary Channel Control Address of the RAID controller. Physical Drive To view the Physical Drive Properties and Error Status, click the button next to physical drive you want to view. After you click the button, the Physical Drive ID displays in the right frame. The links to the RAID controller Properties and Error Status page are listed as shown below. Click on the link Properties to display the Physical Drive Properties. Click the Error Status to display the Physical Drives Error Status. aa300.book Page 105 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 105 Physical Drive Properties - This screen displays the physical drive properties. The table following provides a description of each field. To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices. Field Description Firmware Specifies the firmware version of the physical drive. Status Specifies gives the status of the physical drive. (online or offline) Errors Specifies gives the number of errors in the physical drive. S.M.A.R.T. Status Specifies the S.M.A.R.T. (self-monitoring analysis and reporting technology) status of the physical drive. S.M.A.R.T. helps monitor and predict the reliability and performance of the hard drive. The options for this are Disabled, OK, or Error. Disabled means S.M.A.R.T. is off and physical drive does not collect statistical data. OK means S.M.A.R.T. is on and no errors found. Error status means S.M.A.R.T. is on and some errors found; this is a serious warning that means the drive has to be replaced. Logical Drive Specifies the logical drive information about this physical drive. (by drive letter or volume) aa300.book Page 106 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 106 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Capacity Specifies the capacity of this physical drive. Transfer Mode Specifies the type of transfer mode used on this physical drive. Part of Array Specifies the part of the array wo which this physical drive belongs. The RAID mode for a striped array (RAID 0) is called performance, and for a mirrored array (RAID 1) is called reliability. Connection Specifies the type of IDE connection that is used to connect this drive to the RAID controller. (primary or secondary, master or slave) Model Specifies the model number of the physical drive. Serial Number Specifies the serial number of the physical drive. Physical Drive Error Status - This screen displays the physical drive error status. This table provides a description of each field. Field Description Time and Date Specifies the time and date the error was logged. Error Specifies the error type. Sector Specifies the sector that contains the error. Physical Drive Errors - Error codes for the physical drives display when you select the error log view. The following table provides a list and descriptions of the error codes. Code Description Error 01 Media read error. The disk surface is damaged. Error 02 Media write error. The disk surface is damaged. Error 03 Media verify error. Error 04 Missing drive type. Array To display the Array Properties, perform a Check Consistency, or rebuild the array, click the icon in the lower middle frame next to Array. After you click the icon, the Array ID displays in the right frame. The links to the Array Properties, Check Consistency, and Rebuild display as aa300.book Page 107 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 107 shown in the following screen. Click the word Properties to view the Array Properties. The Array operations are described in the following information. Due to high resource usage during Rebuild and Consistency Check operations in the Windows operating system, only one action per RAID Server is allowed in Windows. Array Check Consistency - Click Check Consistency to check the correctness of the redundant data in an array. You can choose to make the data on both drives identical. This function can be performed only on RAID1 and RAID10 arrays. After you click Check Consistency, the options in this table are displayed in the right frame. Field Description Check All Partitions Check this option to perform the consistency check on all valid partitions (logical drives). Option is valid only for Windows Raid Servers. aa300.book Page 108 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 108 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Abort Check Consistency - When the Check Consistency begins, the words Checking Consistency flash next to the array that is being checked. You can abort the Check Consistency by clicking Abort Check Consistency in the right frame. You can view the progress of the Check Consistency by clicking Device Progress in the left frame. aa300.book Page 109 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 109 Check Consistency Device Progress -This screen displays the progress of the Check Consistency. The table below provides a description of each field. Field Description Array Specifies the array number being checked. Operation Specifies the type of operation being performed. Example: Check Consistency. Percentage Indicates the percentage completed. Time Left Indicates the estimated time left to complete the task. Progress Displays graphical representation of the progress. To exit this page, click Config View or Scan Devices. Array Rebuild Device Progress - This screen displays the Array Rebuild Progress. The table following provides a description of each field. aa300.book Page 110 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 110 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Field Description Array This field gives the array number being rebuilt. Operation This field gives the type of operation being performed. Example: Rebuild. Percentage This field gives the percentage complete. Time Left This field gives the estimated time left to complete the task. Progress This gives a graphical representation of the progress. To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices. aa300.book Page 111 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 111 Array Properties - This screen displays the Array Properties. The table below provides a description of each field. Field Description Mode Displays the IDE Software RAID controller's RAID level. IDE RAID supports RAID 0, 1, and 10. aa300.book Page 112 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 112 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Status Displays the health of the array. The array health status can be one of the following: On Line - Working within normal parameters. Off Line - All drives have failed. Deteriorated - One of the drives has failed. Logical Drive Displays the logical drive letters or volume names. Stripe Size Displays the stripe size. A stripe size is the minimal amount of data that can be written to the drive in one write. Note: RAID level 1 does not have a stripe size parameter. Stripe size parameters are available for RAID level 0 and RAID level 10 array sets only. The stripe size parameter can be set only when the array is created. See the user’s guide for your IDE Software RAID IDE controller for more information. Capacity Displays the actual size of the array. This size is reported to Operating System. Error Threshold This parameter is user defined. Users can define the error threshold on each drive. For more information on how to set the error threshold, see the Advanced menu description. Constituent Physical Drives Displays the physical drives joined to an array. To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices. aa300.book Page 113 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 113 Log Data This screen displays the Log Data screen. Use the scroll bar to view the log. To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices. aa300.book Page 114 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 114 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Advanced This screen displays the Advanced Settings of the IDE Software RAID Configuration Console. The table following provides a description of each field. aa300.book Page 115 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 115 Field Description Fail Physical Drive if Error Threshold Reached Marks drive as Failed when error threshold is reached. After this drive is marked as Failed, it can’t be used anymore. Drive status can be changed only from the BIOS Configuration Utility (<Ctrl><M>). This option is not set by default. Start Rebuilding if Error Threshold Reached IDE Software RAID Configuration Console begins an automatic rebuild if the array has more than a specified number of errors. If so, it starts an automatic rebuild. * - This option is valid only for arrays set for reliability mode (RAID 1 mirrored arrays). Check Array for Rebuild at Startup IDE Software RAID Configuration Console checks the number of errors in the arrays to see if they need rebuilding. Stop Rebuilding if Rebuilding Error Threshold Reached If the maximum number of errors allowed is found in an array during rebuild, IDE Software RAID Configuration Console will stop the rebuild. Make Contents of Array Drives Identical after Check Consistency error found If IDE Software RAID Configuration Console finds mismatches between two mirrored (RAID 1) arrays, it will copy the data from one drive to the other to make them identical. * - This option is valid only for arrays set for reliability mode (RAID 1 mirrored arrays). Delete Activity Log Files when it reaches maximum Allowed Size This deletes the activity log file if it reaches the maximum allowable size (as set in the box below this item). If checked, the activity log file is overwritten when it reaches the maximum size. If not checked, the file stops updating when it reaches the maximum size and is not updated anymore. Activity Log File Size Use this box to select the maximum size for the activity log file. Enable S.M.A.R.T. on Physical Drive If this option is checked, it enables S.M.A.R.T. monitoring of all physical drives attached to the RAID controller. S.M.A.R.T. Poll Interval This setting allows you to set the time interval that S.M.A.R.T. status is checked. S.M.A.R.T. stands for self-monitoring, analysis, and reporting technology. This feature is built into the hard drive that checks for potential problems that can crash the hard drive. Not all hard drives have this feature. To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices. aa300.book Page 116 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 116 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID Backplane This screen displays the backplane information of the RAID array. Different backplanes can have different features. This application shows the following: • • • Current temperature inside the backplane Error log Fan speed To exit this page, click Config View or Scan Devices. Close Server To exit this RAID server, click Close Server in the left frame. aa300.book Page 117 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 117 aa300.book Page 118 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 118 5 Configuring IDE Software RAID aa300.book Page 119 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes aa300.book Page 120 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM aa300.book Page 121 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 121 AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes Uncompressed Initialization Codes The uncompressed initialization checkpoint codes are listed in order of execution: Checkpoint Code Description D0h The NMI is disabled. Power on delay is starting. Next, the initialization code checksum will be verified. D1h Initializing the DMA controller, performing the keyboard controller BAT test, starting memory refresh, and entering 4 GB flat mode next. D3h Starting memory sizing next. D4h Returning to real mode. Executing any OEM patches and setting the stack next. D5h Passing control to the uncompressed code in shadow RAM at E000:0000h. The initialization code is copied to segment 0 and control will be transferred to segment 0. D6h Control is in segment 0. Next, checking if <Ctrl> <Home> was pressed and verifying the system BIOS checksum. If either <Ctrl> <Home> was pressed or the system BIOS checksum is bad, next will go to checkpoint code E0h. Otherwise, going to checkpoint code D7h. aa300.book Page 122 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 122 Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes POST Checkpoint Codes Bootblock Recovery Codes The bootblock recovery checkpoint codes are listed in order of execution: Checkpoint Code Description E0h The onboard floppy controller if available is initialized. Next, beginning the base 512 KB memory test. E1h Initializing the interrupt vector table next. E2h Initializing the DMA and Interrupt controllers next. E6h Enabling the floppy drive controller and Timer IRQs. Enabling internal cache memory. Edh Initializing the floppy drive. Eeh Looking for a floppy diskette in drive A:. Reading the first sector of the diskette. Efh A read error occurred while reading the floppy drive in drive A:. F0h Next, searching for the AMIBOOT.ROM file in the root directory. F1h The AMIBOOT.ROM file is not in the root directory. F2h Next, reading and analyzing the floppy diskette FAT to find the clusters occupied by the AMIBOOT.ROM file. F3h Next, reading the AMIBOOT.ROM file, cluster by cluster. F4h The AMIBOOT.ROM file is not the correct size. F5h Next, disabling internal cache memory. FBh Next, detecting the type of flash ROM. aa300.book Page 123 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 123 Checkpoint Code Description FCh Next, erasing the flash ROM. FDh Next, programming the flash ROM. FFh Flash ROM programming was successful. Next, restarting the system BIOS. Uncompressed Initialization Codes The following runtime checkpoint codes are listed in order of execution. These codes are uncompressed in F0000h shadow RAM. Checkpoint Code Description 03h The NMI is disabled. Next, checking for a soft reset or a power on condition. 05h The BIOS stack has been built. Next, disabling cache memory. 06h Uncompressing the POST code next. 07h Next, initializing the CPU and the CPU data area. 08h The CMOS checksum calculation is done next. 0Ah The CMOS checksum calculation is done. Initializing the CMOS status register for date and time next. 0Bh The CMOS status register is initialized. Next, performing any required initialization before the keyboard BAT command is issued. 0Ch The keyboard controller input buffer is free. Next, issuing the BAT command to the keyboard controller. aa300.book Page 124 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 124 Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes Checkpoint Code Description 0Eh The keyboard controller BAT command result has been verified. Next, performing any necessary initialization after the keyboard controller BAT command test. 0Fh The initialization after the keyboard controller BAT command test is done. The keyboard command byte is written next. 10h The keyboard controller command byte is written. Next, issuing the Pin 23 and 24 blocking and unblocking command. 11h Next, checking if <End> or <Ins> keys were pressed during power on. Initializing CMOS RAM if the Initialize CMOS RAM in every boot AMIBIOS POST option was set in AMIBCP or the <End> key was pressed. 12h Next, disabling DMA controllers 1 and 2 and interrupt controllers 1 and 2. 13h The video display has been disabled. Port B has been initialized. Next, initializing the chipset. 14h The 8254 timer test will begin next. 19h The 8254 timer test is over. Starting the memory refresh test next. 1Ah The memory refresh line is toggling. Checking the 15 second on/off time next. 23h Reading the 8042 input port and disabling the MEGAKEY Green PC feature next. Making the BIOS code segment writable and performing any necessary configuration before initializing the interrupt vectors. 24h The configuration required before interrupt vector initialization has completed. Interrupt vector initialization is about to begin. aa300.book Page 125 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 125 Checkpoint Code Description 25h Interrupt vector initialization is done. Clearing the password if the POST DIAG switch is on. 27h Any initialization before setting video mode will be done next. 28h Initialization before setting the video mode is complete. Configuring the monochrome mode and color mode settings next. 2Ah Bus initialization system, static, output devices will be done next, if present. See page 131 for additional information. 2Bh Passing control to the video ROM to perform any required configuration before the video ROM test. 2Ch All necessary processing before passing control to the video ROM is done. Looking for the video ROM next and passing control to it. 2Dh The video ROM has returned control to BIOS POST. Performing any required processing after the video ROM had control. 2Eh Completed post-video ROM test processing. If the EGA/VGA controller is not found, performing the display memory read/write test next. 2Fh The EGA/VGA controller was not found. The display memory read/write test is about to begin. 30h The display memory read/write test passed. Look for retrace checking next. 31h The display memory read/write test or retrace checking failed. Performing the alternate display memory read/write test next. 32h The alternate display memory read/write test passed. Looking for alternate display retrace checking next. 34h Video display checking is over. Setting the display mode next. aa300.book Page 126 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 126 Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes Checkpoint Code Description 37h The display mode is set. Displaying the power on message next. 38h Initializing the bus input, IPL, general devices next, if present. See page 131 for additional information. 39h Displaying bus initialization error messages. See page 131 for additional information. 3Ah The new cursor position has been read and saved. Displaying the Hit <DEL> message next. 3Bh The Hit <DEL> message is displayed. The protected mode memory test is about to start. 40h Preparing the descriptor tables next. 42h The descriptor tables are prepared. Entering protected mode for the memory test next. 43h Entered protected mode. Enabling interrupts for diagnostics mode next. 44h Interrupts enabled if the diagnostics switch is on. Initializing data to check memory wraparound at 0:0 next. 45h Data initialized. Checking for memory wraparound at 0:0 and finding the total system memory size next. 46h The memory wraparound test is done. Memory size calculation has been done. Writing patterns to test memory next. 47h The memory pattern has been written to extended memory. Writing patterns to the base 640 KB memory next. 48h Patterns written in base memory. Determining the amount of memory below 1 MB next. aa300.book Page 127 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 127 Checkpoint Code Description 49h The amount of memory below 1 MB has been found and verified. Determining the amount of memory above 1 MB memory next. 4Bh The amount of memory above 1 MB has been found and verified. Checking for a soft reset and clearing the memory below 1 MB for the soft reset next. If this is a power on situation, going to checkpoint 4Eh next. 4Ch The memory below 1 MB has been cleared via a soft reset. Clearing the memory above 1 MB next. 4Dh The memory above 1 MB has been cleared via a soft reset. Saving the memory size next. Going to checkpoint 52h next. 4Eh The memory test started, but not as the result of a soft reset. Displaying the first 64 KB memory size next. 4Fh The memory size display has started. The display is updated during the memory test. Performing the sequential and random memory test next. 50h The memory below 1 MB has been tested and initialized. Adjusting the displayed memory size for relocation and shadowing next. 51h The memory size display was adjusted for relocation and shadowing. Testing the memory above 1 MB next. 52h The memory above 1 MB has been tested and initialized. Saving the memory size information next. 53h The memory size information and the CPU registers are saved. Entering real mode next. 54h Shutdown was successful. The CPU is in real mode. Disabling the Gate A20 line, parity, and the NMI next. aa300.book Page 128 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 128 Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes Checkpoint Code Description 57h The A20 address line, parity, and the NMI are disabled. Adjusting the memory size depending on relocation and shadowing next. 58h The memory size was adjusted for relocation and shadowing. Clearing the Hit <DEL> message next. 59h The Hit <DEL> message is cleared. The <WAIT...> message is displayed. Starting the DMA and interrupt controller test next. 60h The DMA page register test passed. Performing the DMA Controller 1 base register test next. 62h The DMA controller 1 base register test passed. Performing the DMA controller 2 base register test next. 65h The DMA controller 2 base register test passed. Programming DMA controllers 1 and 2 next. 66h Completed programming DMA controllers 1 and 2. Initializing the 8259 interrupt controller next. 67h Completed 8259 interrupt controller initialization. 7Fh Extended NMI source enabling is in progress. 80h The keyboard test has started. Clearing the output buffer and checking for stuck keys. Issuing the keyboard reset command next. 81h A keyboard reset error or stuck key was found. Issuing the keyboard controller interface test command next. 82h The keyboard controller interface test completed. Writing the command byte and initializing the circular buffer next. 83h The command byte was written and global data initialization has completed. Checking for a locked key next. aa300.book Page 129 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 129 Checkpoint Code Description 84h Locked key checking is over. Checking for a memory size mismatch with CMOS RAM data next. 85h The memory size check is done. Displaying a soft error and checking for a password or bypassing WINBIOS Setup next. 86h The password was checked. Performing any required programming before WINBIOS Setup next. 87h The programming before WINBIOS Setup has completed. Uncompressing the WINBIOS Setup code and executing the AMIBIOS Setup or WINBIOS Setup utility next. 88h Returned from WINBIOS Setup and cleared the screen. Performing any necessary programming after WINBIOS Setup next. 89h The programming after WINBIOS Setup has completed. Displaying the power on screen message next. 8Bh The first screen message has been displayed. The <WAIT...> message is displayed. Performing the PS/ 2 mouse check and extended BIOS data area allocation check next. 8Ch Programming the WINBIOS Setup options next. 8Dh The WINBIOS Setup options are programmed. Resetting the hard disk controller next. 8Fh The hard disk controller has been reset. Configuring the floppy drive controller next. 91h The floppy drive controller has been configured. Configuring the hard disk drive controller next. 95h Initializing the bus option ROMs from C800 next. See page 131 for additional information. 96h Initializing before passing control to the adaptor ROM at C800. aa300.book Page 130 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 130 Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes Checkpoint Code Description 97h Initialization before the C800 adaptor ROM gains control has completed. The adaptor ROM check is next. 98h The adaptor ROM had control and has now returned control to BIOS POST. Performing any required processing after the option ROM returned control. 99h Any initialization required after the option ROM test has completed. Configuring the timer data area and printer base address next. 9Ah Set the timer and printer base addresses. Setting the RS-232 base address next. 9Bh Returned after setting the RS-232 base address. Performing any required initialization before the Coprocessor test next. 9Ch Required initialization before the Coprocessor test is over. Initializing the Coprocessor next. 9Dh Coprocessor initialized. Performing any required initialization after the Coprocessor test next. 9Eh Initialization after the Coprocessor test is complete. Checking the extended keyboard, keyboard ID, and Num Lock key next. Issuing the keyboard ID command next. A2h Displaying any soft errors next. A3h The soft error display has completed. Setting the keyboard typematic rate next. A4h The keyboard typematic rate is set. Programming the memory wait states next. A5h Memory wait state programming is over. Clearing the screen and enabling parity and the NMI next. A7h NMI and parity enabled. Performing any initialization required before passing control to the adaptor ROM at E000 next. aa300.book Page 131 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 131 Checkpoint Code Description A8h Initialization before passing control to the adaptor ROM at E000h completed. Passing control to the adaptor ROM at E000h next. A9h Returned from adaptor ROM at E000h control. Performing any initialization required after the E000 option ROM had control next. Aah Initialization after E000 option ROM control has completed. Displaying the system configuration next. Abh Uncompressing the DMI data and executing DMI POST initialization next. B0h The system configuration is displayed. B1h Copying any code to specific areas. 00h Code copying to specific areas is done. Passing control to INT 19h boot loader next. Bus Checkpoint Codes The system BIOS passes control to different buses at the following checkpoints: Checkpoint Code Description 2Ah Initializing the different bus system, static, and output devices, if present. 38h Initialized bus input, IPL, and general devices, if present. 39h Displaying bus initialization error messages, if any. 95h Initializing bus adaptor ROMs from C8000h through D8000h. aa300.book Page 132 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 132 Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes Additional Bus Checkpoints While control is inside the different bus routines, additional checkpoints are output to I/O port address 0080h as word to identify the routines being executed. These are word checkpoints. The low byte of checkpoint is the system BIOS checkpoint where control is passed to the different bus routines. The high byte of checkpoint indicates that the routine is being executed in different buses. High Byte The high byte of these checkpoints includes the following information: Bits Description Bits 7-4 0000 Function 0. Disable all devices on the bus. 0001 Function 1. Initialize static devices on the bus. 0010 Function 2. Initialize output devices on the bus. 0011 Function 3. Initialize input devices on the bus. 0100 Function 4. Initialize IPL devices on the bus. 0101 Function 5. Initiate general devices on the bus. 0110 Function 6. Initialize error reporting on the bus. 0111 Function 7. Initialize add-on ROMs for all buses. Bits 3-0 Specify the bus 0 Generic DIM Device Initialization Manager. 1 Onboard System devices. 2 ISA devices. 3 EISA devices. 4 ISA PnP devices. 5 PCI devices. aa300.book Page 133 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM Appendix B: ASM quick installation guide aa300.book Page 134 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM This appendix shows you how to install the ASM software package. aa300.book Page 135 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 135 Installing ASM Acer Server Manager (ASM) consists of the ASM Console and the ASM Agent. These two components are both required to perform server management tasks. System requirements ASM requires TCP/IP connectivity between the ASM Console and the ASM Agent. ASM Agent • 128 MB of RAM • SCSI/IDE hard drive with at least 100 MB free hard disk space • Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Server/Advanced Server operating system ASM Console • Intel Pentium III (500 MHz) or higher processor • 128 MB of RAM • SCSI/IDE hard drive with at least 100 MB free hard disk space • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional/XP/Server/Advanced Server operating system • Ethernet card System setup Make sure that your system meets the requirements listed above before proceeding. You may also want to change your screen to 800 x 600 resolution or higher for optimum viewing. aa300.book Page 136 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 136 Appendix B: ASM quick installation guide Installing ASM Agent To install ASM Agent: 1 Log in to the managed server using the Administrator account. 2 Insert the EasyBUILDTM Management CD into the server’s CD-ROM drive. The installation sequence will automatically be displayed. 3 Select the option for ASM installation. The installation wizard will be initialized. 4 Follow all onscreen instructions to complete installation. For detailed instructions on installing ASM Agent, refer to the ASM User’s manual. To launch the program, on the Windows taskbar click on the Start button, point to Programs, select Acer Server Management Suite then click ASM Agent. Installing ASM Console To install ASM Console: 1 Log in to the target Windows-based PC using the Administrator account. 2 Insert the EasyBUILDTM Management CD into the computer’s CD-ROM drive. The installation sequence will automatically be displayed. 3 Select the option for ASM installation. The installation wizard will be initialized. 4 Follow all onscreen instructions to complete installation. For detailed instructions on installing ASM Console, refer to the ASM User’s manual. To launch the program, on the Windows taskbar click on the Start button, point to Programs, select Acer Server Management Suite then click ASM Console. aa300.book Page 137 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM Appendix C: Rack installation guide aa300.book Page 138 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 138 Appendix C: Rack installation guide This appendix shows you how to convert your Altos G300 series server from a standalone tower to a rack-mounted system. aa300.book Page 139 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 139 System rack installation Aside from its tower configuration, the Altos G301 server system can also be mounted in a rack-model position. A rack mount kit is available for customers who want to convert a tower-mounted system to rackmodel design. To purchase a rack mount kit, contact your local Acer representative. aa300.book Page 140 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 140 Appendix C: Rack installation guide Vertical mounting hole pattern The four vertical rails of a rack contain mounting holes arranged in a manner shown in the figure below: The system occupies 6U in the rack. Count the U positions and hole numbers from the bottom up. Note: The unit of measurement used in this document is "U" (1U = 1.75 inches or 44.45 mm). The total sum of the heights of all components in the rack measured in "U" cannot exceed the height of the rack. For more information, refer to the documentation that came with your system rack. The distance from the center of two holes with closer spacing to the center of the next pair is equivalent to 1U. When installing components, you must start your measurement from the center of the two holes with closer spacing. Otherwise, the screw holes on the component may not match those on the rack. aa300.book Page 141 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 141 Screw types for rack installation The following screws are used in the assembly of the Acer Altos G301 and other rack-mountable components. Screw type Figure Usage 1 #8-32 x 0.25 inch Securing the inner mounting rails to the server tray 2 Hex head #6-32 0.25 inch Attaching the side handles to the server 3 M4 x L8 Securing the mounting brackets to the inner sliding piece M4 nut 4 M6 x L10 Securing the cable carrier and the mounting rails to the rack Cage nut Supports the M6 metal screws for securing server components to the rack Installing cage nuts Cage nuts are use to secure systems and other components to the vertical rails in the rack. To install cage nuts: 1 Insert the lower lip of the cage nut over the bottom of the opening at the back of a rail. aa300.book Page 142 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 142 Appendix C: Rack installation guide 2 Pinch the cage nut lips with your fingers and press until it locks into place. 3 Repeat this process to install the other cage nuts in their appropriate locations. aa300.book Page 143 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 143 Installing the system into the rack To install the system into the rack: 1 Remove the front panel from the server. Refer to “Removing the front panel” on page 33 for instructions. 2 Remove the foot stands from the server. 3 (1) Lay the server on its side on a flat, stable surface. (2) Remove both of the screws from the center of each of the server’s four foot stands. Keep the stands and screws for later use. Slide the stands inward, and remove them one by one. The Altos G300 Rack mount kit contains two sets of rack brackets and mounting rails. The rack brackets attach to the mounting rails to the server tray. Each bracket is composed of three pieces: a detachable inner rail and a fixed middle and outer rails. The mounting rails allow the system to slide in and out of the rack mount for maintenance purposes. 4 Remove the inner rail from the rack brackets. (1) Extend the inner rail until the rail release latch clicks. (2) Hold down the latch then slip the inner rail out. aa300.book Page 144 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 144 Appendix C: Rack installation guide Do the same thing with the other rack bracket. 5 Attach the inner rails to both sides of the server tray. (1) Align the inner rail to the screw holes located on either side of the server tray. (2) Secure the two rails to the server using #8-32 x 0.25 inch screws. Attach the other inner rail to other side of the server tray. aa300.book Page 145 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 145 6 Set the server tray aside. 7 Attach the rack brackets to the mounting rails. • Align the rack brackets to the mounting rail until the six screw holes become visible. • Secure the rack bracket to the mounting rail using M4 x L8 screws. Tighten the screws, but leave them loose enough to allow length adjustment when installing the mounting rails to the rack. Attach the other rack brackets to the remaining mounting rail. aa300.book Page 146 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 146 8 Appendix C: Rack installation guide Install the mounting rails to the rack using four M6 x L10 screws for each mounting rail. aa300.book Page 147 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 147 9 Extend the middle sliding piece of each mounting rail forward until it clicks. 10 Install the server tray into the rack by first carefully aligning the inner rails attached to the tray with the mounting rails on the rack. (1) (2) Press the release latch on both sides of the server tray. Slide the server tray into the rack then push the tray into the rack until it clicks. aa300.book Page 148 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 148 Appendix C: Rack installation guide 11 Turn the Altos G301 on its side. (1) Place the system on the server tray. (2) Push the server to the back of the tray so it can be secured to the tray. 12 Secure the server to the back of the server tray using the two attached screws. To access this location, you may need to open the back door of the rack. Caution! To avoid personal injury, care should be taken when pressing the component rail release latches and sliding the component into the rack. aa300.book Page 149 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 149 13 Attach the Cable Arm The optional Cable Arm keeps peripheral and power cables from becoming tangled or severed when the system slides in or out. (1) Attach the cable arm to the back of the server with two screws. (2) Install two cage nuts in the rail to which the cable arm is to be attached. Extend the cable arm enough to attach it to the rail using two M6 x L10 screws. (3) Insert the power, peripheral and networking cables into the appropriate ports. Refer to Chapter 2 for detailed instructions. aa300.book Page 150 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM 150 Appendix C: Rack installation guide (4) Bundle all cables to the cable carrier with the cable clamps. The cable arm will protect the cables when the system is being moved into or out of the server rack.