aa300.book Page i Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
Acer Altos G300 Series
User’s guide
aa300.book Page ii Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
Copyright © 2002 Acer Incorporated
All Rights Reserved.
Acer Altos G300 Series
User’s guide
December 2002
Changes may be made periodically to the information in this publication without obligation
to notify any person of such revision or changes. Such changes will be incorporated in new
editions of this manual or supplementary documents and publications. This company makes
no representations or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the contents
hereof and specifically disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a
particular purpose.
Record the model number, serial number, purchase date, and place of purchase information in
the space provided below. The serial number and model number are recorded on the label
affixed to your computer. All correspondense concerning your unit should include the serial
number, model number, and purchase information.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in
any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of Acer Incorporated.
Model Number : _________________________________
Serial Number: ___________________________________
Purchase Date: ___________________________________
Place of Purchase: ________________________________
Acer and the Acer Logo are registered trademarks of Acer Inc. Other company’s product
names or trademarks are used herein for identification purposes only and belong to their
respective companies.
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iii
Notices
FCC notice
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B digital device pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits
are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This device generates, uses,
and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used
in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to
radio communications.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this device does cause harmful interference to
radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
device off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the
interference by one or more of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
•
Increase the separation between the device and receiver
•
Connect the device into an outlet on a circuit different from that
to which the receiver is connected
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician
for help
Notice: Shield cables
All connections to other computing devices must be made using
shielded cables to maintain compliance with FCC regulations.
Notice: Peripheral devices
Only peripherals (input/output devices, terminals, printers, etc.)
certified to comply with the Class B limits may be attached to this
equipment. Operation with noncertified peripherals is likely to result
in interference to radio and TV reception.
Caution! Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the
manufacturer could void the user’s authority, which is granted by
the Federal Communications Commission, to operate this
computer.
Use conditions
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iv
This part complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to
the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Notice: Canadian users
This Class B digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian
Interference-Causing Equipment Regulations.
Remarque à l’intention des utilisateurs canadiens
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B respected toutes les exigences du
Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur du Canada.
Important safety instructions
Read these instructions carefully. Save these instructions for future
reference.
1
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.
2
Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. Do not
use liquid cleaners or aerosol cleaners. Use a damp cloth for
cleaning.
3
Do not use this product near water.
4
Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table. The
product may fall, causing serious damage to the product.
5
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are
provided for ventilation; to ensure reliable operation of the
product and to protect it from overheating, these openings must
not be blocked or covered. The openings should never be blocked
by placing the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface.
This product should never be placed near or over a radiator or
heat register, or in a built-in installation unless proper ventilation
is provided.
6
This product should be operated from the type of power indicated
on the marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power
available, consult your dealer or local power company.
7
Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord. Do not locate
this product where persons will walk on the cord.
8
If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that the
total ampere rating of the equipment plugged into the extension
cord does not exceed the extension cord ampere rating. Also,
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v
make sure that the total rating of all products plugged into the
wall outlet does not exceed the fuse rating.
9
Never push objects of any kind into this product through cabinet
slots as they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out
parts that could result in a fire or electric shock. Never spill liquid
of any kind on the product.
10 Do not attempt to service this product yourself, as opening or
removing covers may expose you to dangerous voltage points or
other risks. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel.
11 Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to
qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
12 When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
a
If liquid has been spilled into the product
b
If the product has been exposed to rain or water
c
If the product does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are covered
by the operating instructions since improper adjustment of other
controls may result in damage and will often require extensive work
by a qualified technician to restore the product to normal condition.
d
If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
e
If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating a
need for service.
f
Replace the battery with the same type as the product's battery we
recommend. Use of another battery may present a risk of fire or
explosion. Refer battery replacement to a qualified serviceman.
13 Warning! Batteries may explode if not handled properly. Do not
disassemble or dispose of them in fire. Keep them away from
children and dispose of used batteries promptly.
14 Use only the proper type of power supply cord set (provided in
your accessories box) for this unit. It should be a detachable type:
UL listed/CSA certified, type SPT-2, rated 7A 125V minimum, VDE
approved or its equivalent. Maximum length is 15 feet (4.6
meters).
Laser compliance statement
The CD-ROM drive in this computer is a laser product. The CD-ROM
drive’s classification label (shown below) is located on the drive.
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vi
CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT
CAUTION: INVISIBLE LASER RADIATION WHEN OPEN. AVOID
EXPOSURE TO BEAM.
APPAREIL A LASER DE CLASSE 1 PRODUIT
LASERATTENTION: RADIATION DU FAISCEAU LASER INVISIBLE EN CAS
D’OUVERTURE. EVITTER TOUTE EXPOSITION AUX RAYONS.
LASER KLASSE 1
VORSICHT: UNSICHTBARE LASERSTRAHLUNG, WENN ABDECKUNG
GEÖFFNET, NICHT DEM STRAHLL AUSSETZEN
PRODUCTO LÁSER DE LA CLASE I
ADVERTENCIA: RADIACIÓN LÁSER INVISIBLE AL SER ABIERTO. EVITE
EXPONERSE A LOS RAYOS.
ADVARSEL: LASERSTRÅLING VEDÅBNING SE IKKE IND I STRÅLEN
VARO! LAVATTAESSA OLET ALTTINA LASERSÅTEILYLLE.
VARNING: LASERSTRÅLNING NÅR DENNA DEL ÅR ÖPPNAD ÅLÅ
TUIJOTA SÅTEESEENSTIRRA EJ IN I STRÅLEN
VARNING: LASERSTRÅLNING NAR DENNA DEL ÅR ÖPPNADSTIRRA EJ
IN I STRÅLEN
ADVARSEL: LASERSTRÅLING NAR DEKSEL ÅPNESSTIRR IKKE INN I
STRÅLEN
Lithium battery statement
CAUTION
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with
the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer.
Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
ADVARSEL!
Lithiumbatteri - Eksplosionsfare ved fejlagtig håndtering. Udskiftning
må kun ske med batteri af samme fabrikat og type. Léver det brugte
batteri tilbage til leverandøren.
ADVARSEL
Eksplosjonsfare ved feilaktig skifte av batteri. Benytt samme
batteritype eller en tilsvarende type anbefalt av apparatfabrikanten.
Brukte batterier kasseres i henhold til fabrikantens instruksjoner.
VARNING
Explosionsfara vid felaktigt batteribyte. Anvãnd samma batterityp eller
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vii
en ekvivalent typ som rekommenderas av apparattillverkaren. Kassera
anvãnt batteri enligt fabrikantens instruktion.
VAROITUS
Päristo voi räjähtää, jos se on virheellisesti asennettu. Vaihda paristo
ainoastaan laitevalmistajan suosittelemaan tyyppiin. Hävitä käytetty
paristo valmistajan ohjeiden mukaisesti.
VORSICHT!
Explosionsgefahr bei unsachgemäßen Austausch der Batterie Ersatz
nur durch denselben oder einem vom Hersteller empfohlenem
ähnlichen Typ. Entsorgung gebrauchter Batterien nach Angaben des
Herstellers.
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viii
1 Getting started
Overview
Processor
Memory
System chipsets
ServerWorks GC-SL chipset
LAN subsystem
Expansion slots
PCI bus
Hardware management support
Features summary
Preinstallation requirements
Selecting a site
Checking the package contents
Basic connections
Connecting the keyboard
Connecting the mouse
Connecting the VGA monitor
Connecting to the network
Connecting the power cable
System startup
Power-on problems
Connecting options
Printer
USB devices
Tower-to-rack option
2 System tour
External and internal structure
Front panel
Rear panel
Internal components
System board layout
Control Panel (JP3)
Jumper Setting (J13)
Diagnostics LED (Port80LED)
3 Upgrading your system
Installation precautions
ESD precautions
Preinstallation instructions
Post-installation instructions
1
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
5
5
6
7
7
7
8
8
9
10
10
11
12
13
14
14
14
16
17
19
19
21
22
23
26
26
27
29
31
31
31
32
Contents
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aa300.book Page x Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
Opening your system
Removing the front panel
Removing the side panels
Installing and removing storage devices
Replacing a 3.5-inch or a 5.25-inch storage device
Installing a hard disk
Installing a DLT
Installing and removing the CPU
Installing a CPU
Removing a CPU
Installing and removing memory modules
Reconfiguring the system
Installing expansion cards
4 Setup utility
33
33
34
36
36
38
39
40
40
41
43
44
45
47
Introduction
49
Setup Menu
50
Setup submenu: Main
51
Setup submenu: Advanced
52
SuperIO Configuration
53
IDE Configuration
54
Auto Detect Hard Disks
55
Primary IDE Master (if attached Hard Disk)
56
Secondary IDE Master (if attached ATAPI CDROM)58
Secondary IDE Slave (if none attached)
58
Floppy Configuration
59
PCIPnP Configuration
60
Boot Settings Configuration
62
Event Log Configuration
63
View Event Log
64
Mark All Events As Read
64
OnBoard Devices Configuration
65
System Health Monitoring Hardware
65
Hardware Monitor Setup Page
65
System Hardware Monitor
66
Remote Access Configuration
68
Setup submenu: Power
69
Setup submenu: Boot
70
Boot Device Priority
71
Hard Disk Drives
72
Removable Devices
73
ATAPI CDROM Drives
74
Setup submenu: Security
75
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xi
Setup submenu: Exit
Auto Configuration with Optimal Settings
Auto Configuration with Fail-Safe Settings
5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
76
76
77
79
Configuration Strategies
81
Assigning RAID Levels
81
Selecting a RAID Level
82
Configuring Arrays
83
Using the IDE Software RAID Setup Utility
84
Auto Configure Stripe (F1)
85
Auto Configure Mirror (F2)
85
Auto Configure RAID 10 (F3)
86
Create Array (F4)
86
Delete Array (F5)
88
Restore Old Configuration (F6)
88
Save and Exit (F10)
88
Installing Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000 Drivers 89
Updating the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Driver89
Confirming the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000
Driver Installation
90
Supported Internet Browsers
91
Installation Steps for Windows
91
IDE Software RAID Configuration Console
96
Config View
101
RAID Controller Properties
102
Property Description
103
Physical Drive
104
Array
106
Log Data
113
Advanced
114
Backplane
116
Appendix A: AMIBIOS
POST Checkpoint Codes
AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
Uncompressed Initialization Codes
POST Checkpoint Codes
Bootblock Recovery Codes
Uncompressed Initialization Codes
Bus Checkpoint Codes
Additional Bus Checkpoints
High Byte
119
121
121
122
122
123
131
132
132
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xii
Appendix B: ASM
quick installation guide
Installing ASM
System requirements
ASM Agent
ASM Console
System setup
Installing ASM Agent
Installing ASM Console
Appendix C: Rack installation guide
System rack installation
Vertical mounting hole pattern
Screw types for rack installation
Installing cage nuts
Installing the system into the rack
133
135
135
135
135
135
136
136
137
139
140
141
141
143
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1 Getting started
aa300.book Page 2 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
The Acer Altos G301 is a PCI bus based single
processor system loaded with a host of new
and innovative features. The system offers a
new standard for flexible productivity ideal
for local or wide area networks and multiuser
server environments.
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3
Overview
The Acer Altos G301 is a PCI bus based single processor system board
built on an extended ATX baseboard. It comes with a single mPGA478
processor socket utilizing an Intel® Pentium® 4 processor integrated
with the ServerWorks GC-SL chipset. The system board also integrates
the Intel® 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet controller that supports WOL
(Wake on LAN) for better remote site management.
For expandability, the system board using ATI Rage XL integrated with
8MB memory, one 32bit/33MHz 3.3V PCI bus slot, four 64bit/33MHz
3.3V PCI bus slots and four DIMM sockets that allow memory
installation to a maximum of 4GB using four 1GB Registered DDR
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM) with ECC DIMMs.
For connectivity, the system board supports two USB (Universal Serial
Bus) connectors, one UART NS16C550 serial ports, one enhanced
parallel port with Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP)/Extended Capabilities
Port (ECP) support, two PS/2 port, a diskette drive interface, three
embedded hard disk interfaces, one RJ-45 network port and a 9-pin
connector for video output.
The system is fully compatible with MS-DOS V6.X, Novell Netware 6.0,
RedHat Linux 7.3/8.0, Windows NT 4.0 server, and Windows 2000
server.
Processor
The Pentium® 4 processor implements Intel® NetBurstTM micro
architecture, Hyper-Pipelined Technology, Advanced Dynamic
Execution, Enhanced Floating-Point and Multimedia Unit, Streaming
SIMD Extensions 2 (SSE2) Instructions. Based on Intel® NetBurstTM micro
architecture, the Pentium 4 processor offers higher-performance
processing than ever before. Built with Intel's 0.13-micron technology,
the Pentium 4 processor delivers significant performance gains for use
in home computing, business solutions and all your processing needs.
This system board supports 400/533MHz system bus frequencies for one
Pentium 4 processor supporting frequencies start at 1.8GHz.
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4
1 Getting started
Memory
The four DIMM sockets on board allow memory upgrade to a
maximum of 4GB using four 1-GB DDR SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)
DIMMs. For data integrity, the default setting of the ECC (errorcorrecting code) function of the memory system in BIOS is enabled.
The system board supports DDR266 SDRAMs; PC-133, PC-100, PC-66
MHz SDRAMs are not supported.
System chipsets
ServerWorks GC-SL chipset
The ServerWorks GC-SL+SL chipset was specifically designed to meet
the needs of high performance systems. It consists of two components:
SeverWorks CMIC-SL (North bridge) and ServerWorks CSB6 (South
bridge).
•
ServerWorks CMIC-SL(North bridge) supports Intel® Pentium® 4
CPU with mPGA478 package. Build-in features include main
memory interface with optimized support for DDR SDRAM, 64-bit,
33MHz primary PCI bus interface (PCI) with integrated PCI arbiter,
I2C bus support and other related functions.
•
ServerWorks CSB6 (South bridge) integrates support for ACPI, USB
1.1, SMBus, PCI master, PCI arbiter, LPC bus controller, LPC arbiter,
seven channel 8237 compatible DMA controller and DMA 66/100
on primary & secondary IDE with DMA66 on third IDE and other
standard PC functions.
LAN subsystem
Another cost-effective feature for network solution is the integration
of Intel® 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet controller which supports
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) 2.0 based power
management, advanced System Management Bus (SMBus) based
manageability, Wired for Management (WfM) 2.0 compliance, TCP/
UDP/IP checksum calculation and segmentation, PCI 2.2 compliance,
and PC 2001 compliance.
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5
Expansion slots
PCI bus
The system board has one PCI buses that support 32-bit/33 MHz/5V PCI
devices and four PCI buses supporting 64-bit/33 MHz/3.3V PCI devices.
Hardware management support
The system board supports the power-management function that
conforms to the power-saving standards of the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) Energy Star program. It also offers Plug-andPlay. This feature saves the user from configuration troubles, thus
making the system more user-friendly.
Additional features include hardware support for ASM (Advanced
Server Management). ASM detects CPU thermal condition problems,
CPU working voltage detection (±12V/±5V/3.3V/1.5V), and PCI bus
utilization calculation. It also detects if the CPU fan or the chassis fan
malfunctions.
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6
1 Getting started
Features summary
The main board has the following major components:
•
Utilizes a mPG478 processor socket that supports a Pentium 4
processor running start at 1.8 GHz and future generations of
Pentium CPUs
•
ServerWorks GC-SL chipset which includes the north and the south
bridge
•
Onboard Gigabit Ethernet chip that supports WOL and AOL
•
Four DIMM sockets that accept 128-, 256-, 512-, and 1-GB DDR
SDRAMs with a maximum memory upgrade of 4-GB
•
On-board ATI Rage XL and 5 PCI bus slots with 4 supporting 64-bit
PCI
•
System clock/calendar with battery backup
•
IDE hard disk and diskette drive interfaces
•
Auxiliary power connector for 300W SPS and ATX power supply
•
Advanced Server Management (ASM)
•
•
•
•
External ports:
2 USB connectors
PS/2-compatible keyboard port
PS/2-compatible mouse port
•
•
•
RJ-45 jack
Parallel port
Serial port
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7
Preinstallation requirements
Selecting a site
Before unpacking and installing the system, select a suitable site for
the system for maximum efficiency. Consider the following factors
when choosing a site for the system:
•
Near a grounded power outlet
•
Clean and dust-free
•
Sturdy surface free from vibration
•
Well-ventilated and away from sources of heat
•
Secluded from electromagnetic fields produced by electrical
devices such as air-conditioners, radio and TV transmitters, etc.
Checking the package contents
Check the following items from the package:
•
Acer Altos G300 (Model: G301) system
•
Acer Altos G300 Series user’s guide
•
EasyBUILD CD
•
Acer Altos G300 Series accessory box
•
System keys (hung inside the front panel door)
If any of the above items are damaged or missing, contact your dealer
immediately.
Save the boxes and packing materials for future use.
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8
1 Getting started
Basic connections
The system unit, keyboard, mouse, and monitor constitute the basic
system. Before connecting any other peripherals, connect these
peripherals first to test if the system is running properly.
Connecting the keyboard
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Connecting the mouse
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Connecting the VGA monitor
Connecting to the network
1 Getting started
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11
Connecting the power cable
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12
1 Getting started
System startup
After making sure that you have set up the system properly and
connected all the required cables, you may now apply power to the
system.
To power on the system:
Open the front panel door and press the power button. The system
starts up and displays a welcome message. After that, a series of
power-on self-test (POST) messages appears. The POST messages
indicate if the system is running well or not.
Note: If the system does not turn on or boot after pressing the
power button, go to the next section for the possible causes of the
boot failure.
Aside from the self-test messages, you can determine if the system is in
good condition by checking if the following occurred:
•
Power indicator LED on the front bezel lights up (green)
•
Power, Num Lock, and Caps Lock LED indicators on the keyboard
light up
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13
Power-on problems
If the system does not boot after you have applied power, check the
following factors that might have caused the boot failure.
•
The external power cable may be loosely connected.
Check the power cable connection from the power source to the
power socket on the rear panel. Make sure that each cable is
properly connected to each power supply.
•
No power comes from the grounded power outlet.
Have an electrician check your power outlet.
•
Loose or improperly connected internal power cables.
Check the internal cable connections. If you are not confident to
perform this step, ask a qualified technician to help you.
Warning! Make sure all power cords are disconnected from
the electrical outlet before performing this task.
Note: If you have gone through the preceding actions and the
system still fails to boot, ask your dealer or a qualified technician
for assistance.
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14
1 Getting started
Connecting options
Printer
To connect a printer, plug the printer cable into the parallel port
located on the rear panel of your computer.
USB devices
Universal Serial Bus (USB) is a new serial bus design that is capable of
cascading low-/medium-speed peripherals (less than 12 Mbps) such as a
keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and modem. With USB,
complex cable connections can be eliminated.
Your computer comes with two USB ports. These ports allow you to
connect additional serial devices to your computer without using up its
system resources.
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15
To connect a USB device, simply plug the device cable into any of the
USB ports.
Note: Most USB devices have a built-in USB port which allows you to daisychain other devices.
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1 Getting started
Tower-to-rack option
Aside from its tower configuration, the Acer Altos G300 (model G301)
server can also be mounted in a rack-model position. A rack mount kit
is available for customers who want to convert a tower-mounted
system to a rack-model design.
Please refer to Appendix C to this manual for installing the
optional rack mount kit.
aa300.book Page 17 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
2 System tour
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This chapter discusses the features and
components of your computer.
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19
External and internal structure
Front panel
No.
Description
1
CD-ROM drive stop/eject button
2
CD-ROM drive play/forward button
3
CD-ROM drive LED
4 and 6
CD-ROM volume control
5
CD-ROM drive tray
7
CD-ROM drive earphone socket
8
Altos EasyStor Cage (Removable
HDD tray)
9
Floppy disk drive tray
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2 System tour
No.
Description
10
Floppy disk drive eject button
11
Power button
12
System power LED
13
Hard disk access LED
14
Warning LED
Note: The positions and features of items (1) - (7) above may
differ depending on the optical drive module installed
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Rear panel
No.
Description
1
Power cable socket
2
Power Supply Fan
3
System fan
4
PS/2 mouse port
5
PS/2 keyboard port
6
USB ports
7
Serial port
8
Parallel port
9
VGA port
10
LAN port
11
PCI expansion card slots
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2 System tour
Internal components
No.
Description
1
Power supply
2
System board
3
5.25-inch drive bays
4
Altos EasyStor Cage
(Removable HDD tray)
5
System fan
6
PCI expansion card slots
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23
System board layout
Item
Description
KM1
PS/2 Keyboard & PS/2 Mouse
USB1
USB Connectors
COM1
Serial Port
CN3
VGA Port
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2 System tour
Item
Description
LPT1
Parallel Port
LAN1
RJ45 LAN Port
U11
Intel® 82540EM Gigabit Ethernet
Controller
U20
ATI RageXL
CN2
Power Connector (4-pin)
CN1
Power Connector (20-pin)
JF1
Rear System Fan
JF2
EasyStor cage Front Fan
JF5
CPU FAN
J1
DDR DIMM A
J2
DDR DIMM B
J3
DDR DIMM C
J4
DDR DIMM D
U6
P4 CPU Socket 478
U5
North Bridge (CMIC-SL)
U9
South Bridge (CSB6)
JP2
Third IDE Channel
J5
Floppy Connector
JP3
Control Panel
JP7
Primary IDE Connector
JP5
Secondary IDE Connector
J7
64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 5
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Item
Description
J8
64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 4
J10
64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 3
J11
64-bit/33MHz/3.3V PCI Slot 2
J12
32-bit/33MHz/5V PCI Slot 1
J13
Jumper Setting
J18
Power Connector
J19
Reset Connector
J16
SCSI HDD Access LED Indicator
JP8
Feature Connector
J14
I2C Connector
U44
BIOS
BT1
Battery
BZ1
Buzzer
Port80LED
Diagnostics LED
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2 System tour
Control Panel (JP3)
Jumper Setting (J13)
PIN 1-2
Function
Default setting
Clear password
ON
aa300.book Page 27 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
27
Function
Default setting
PIN 3-4
Clear NVRAM
OFF
PIN 5-6
Recover BIOS ROM
OFF
Diagnostics LED (Port80LED)
Note: Diagnostics LED show POST checkpoint codes when BIOS
performs the Power On Self Test. See page 122.
aa300.book Page 28 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
28
2 System tour
aa300.book Page 29 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
3 Upgrading your
system
aa300.book Page 30 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
This chapter contains instructions on how to
upgrade your computer.
aa300.book Page 31 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
31
Installation precautions
Before you install any system component, we recommend that you
read the following sections. These sections contain important ESD
precautions along with preinstallation and post-installation
instructions.
ESD precautions
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage your processor, disk drives,
expansion boards, and other components. Always observe the
following precautions before you install a computer component:
1
Do not remove a component from its protective packaging until
you are ready to install it.
2
Wear a wrist grounding strap and attach it to a metal part of the
computer before handling components. If a wrist strap is not
available, maintain contact with the computer throughout any
procedure requiring ESD protection.
Preinstallation instructions
Always observe the following before you install any component:
1
Turn off your system and all the peripherals connected to it before
opening it. Then unplug all cables from the power outlets.
2
Open your computer according to the instructions on page 33.
3
Follow the ESD precautions described above before handling a
computer component.
4
Remove any expansion boards or peripherals that block access to
the DIMM sockets or component connector.
5
See the following sections for specific instructions on the
component you wish to install.
Warning! Not turning off the computer properly before
you start installing the components may cause serious
damage.
Do not attempt the procedures described in the following
sections unless you are a qualified service technician.
aa300.book Page 32 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
32
3 Upgrading your system
Post-installation instructions
Observe the following after installing a computer component:
1
See to it that the components are installed according to the stepby-step instructions in their respective sections.
2
Replace any expansion boards or peripherals that you removed
earlier.
3
Replace the computer cover.
4
Connect the necessary cables and turn on your computer.
aa300.book Page 33 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
33
Opening your system
Caution: Before you proceed, make sure that you have turned off
your computer and all peripherals connected to it. Read the
“Preinstallation instructions” on page 31.
You need to open your computer before you can install additional
components. See the following section for instructions.
Removing the front panel
1
Unlock the door lock.
2
Insert your hand in the opening under the front panel. Reach for
the panel handle and press it to release the cover from the
housing frame.
3
Pull the cover to detach it completely from the frame.
aa300.book Page 34 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
34
3 Upgrading your system
Removing the side panels
The system housing has one front panel and two removable side
panels. Always observe the following ESD (electrostatic discharge)
precautions before installing any system component:
1
Do not remove any system component from its packaging unless
you are ready to install it.
2
Wear a wrist grounding strap before handling electronic
components. Wrist grounding straps are available at most
electronic component stores.
Danger! DO NOT attempt the procedures in the following sections
unless you are confident of your capability to perform them.
Otherwise, ask a service technician for assistance.
A microswitch is allocated on the right side of the front chassis. It helps
indicate whether the panel is removed or intact. Also, a security lock
secures the front panel to protect against unauthorized access.
To remove the side panels:
1
Turn off the power to the system unit and unplug all cables.
2
Place the system unit on a flat, steady surface.
3
Remove the front panel. See page 33.
4
Remove the one front screw with a Phillips screwdriver to remove
one side panel. Keep them in a safe place for later use.
aa300.book Page 35 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
35
5
Detach the side panel.
6
Repeat steps 4 to 5 to remove the other side panel.
aa300.book Page 36 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
36
3 Upgrading your system
Installing and removing storage
devices
The housing supports four 5.25-inch, and three internal 3.5-inch
storage devices. The empty drive bays allow you to install additional
drives such as a CD-ROM drive, digital audio tape (DAT) drive or
another hard disk drive.
Note: Your basic system comes with a CD-ROM drive, a 3.5-inch
diskette drive, and a hard disk drive already installed.
Replacing a 3.5-inch or a 5.25-inch storage device
To replace a 3.5-inch storage device:
1
Open the front panel door and pull down the door of the Altos
EasyStor Cage.
2
Remove the thumb screws from the Altos EasyStor Cage.
3
Pull out the Altos EasyStor Cage.
4
Disconnect the power cable of the hard disk fan.
5
Disconnect the power and signal cable from the old drive.
aa300.book Page 37 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
37
6
Remove the four screws with a Phillips screw driver and remove
the old drive from the 3.5-inch hard disk tray.
Note 1: Pull down the door of the EasyStor Cage till it clicks into
place.
Note 2: Pull it out in horizontal position. EasyStor Cage will
become heavy when containing more than 2 hard disks.
Remember pull it out carefully with both hands for its heavy
weight.
aa300.book Page 38 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
38
3 Upgrading your system
Installing a hard disk
To install a hard disk drive into the hard disk frame:
1
Insert the drive tray.
2
Secure the drive tray with two screws.
3
Connect the power and signal cables.
aa300.book Page 39 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
39
Installing a DLT
To install a DLT drive into the 5.25-drive frame.
1
Insert the DLT.
2
Secure the DLT with two screws.
3
Connect the power and signal cables.
Note: DLT drive should be installed in the 1st or 2nd 5.25-inch
drive tray.
aa300.book Page 40 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
40
3 Upgrading your system
Installing and removing the CPU
The Pentium 4 comes in a mPGA478 package. The mPGA478 package is
designed for the new breed of sleek, high performance, small form
factor PCs.
The system board supports a Pentium 4 processor running start at 1.8
GHz and future generations of Pentium CPUs.
Caution: Always observe the ESD precautions when installing or
removing a system component. Refer to page 31.
Installing a CPU
Follow these steps to install a CPU:
1
Remove the processor from its protective packaging.
2
Insert the new CPU into the CPU socket. Make sure that pin 1
(indicated by a notched corner) of the CPU connects to hole 1 of
the socket.
Push down the socket lever to lock the new CPU into the socket.
aa300.book Page 41 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
41
3
Attach one side of the fan/heatsink metal bracket to the CPU
socket and then gently push down the other side of the metal
bracket until it locks in place.
4
Connect the 3-pin fan/thermal cable to the system board. Refer to
section “System board layout” on page 23 for the location of the
fan/thermal connectors.
Note: The heatsink becomes very hot when the system is on.
NEVER touch the heatsink with any metal or with your hands.
Removing a CPU
Follow these steps to remove a CPU:
1
Disconnect the 3-pin fan/heatsink cables from the system board.
2
Unhook one side of the fan/heatsink metal bracket and gently lift
it before removing the other side.
aa300.book Page 42 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
42
3 Upgrading your system
3
Gently push the socket lever down to release the lever and then
pull it up.
4
Remove the CPU.
aa300.book Page 43 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
43
Installing and removing memory
modules
The four 184-pin sockets onboard support DDR SDRAM-type DIMMs.
You may install 128-MB, 256-MB, 512-MB, or 1-GB DIMMs for a
maximum of 4-GB system memory.
This system board supports DDR266 266MHz SDRAM.
Each of the DIMM socket is independent from the others. This
independence allows you to install DIMMs with different capacities to
form different configurations.
To install a DIMM, align it to an empty slot and press it in until the
holding clips secure the DIMM in place.
Note: The DIMM socket is slotted to ensure proper installation. If
you slip in a DIMM but it does not completely fit, you may have
inserted it the wrong way. Reverse the orientation of the DIMM.
aa300.book Page 44 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
44
3 Upgrading your system
To remove a DIMM, press the holding clips on both sides of the socket
outward to release the DIMM.
Note: Place your forefingers on the top of the DIMM before you
press the holding clips to gently disengage the DIMM from the
socket.
Reconfiguring the system
The system automatically detects the amount of memory installed. Run
Setup to view the new value for total system memory and make a note
of it.
aa300.book Page 45 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
45
Installing expansion cards
There are two kinds of expansion slots available in this system board.
These are 32-bit PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) and 64-bit
PCI.
To install expansion cards:
1
Locate an empty expansion slot on the system board.
2
Remove the metal bracket located opposite the empty expansion
slot using a Phillips screwdriver.
3
Insert an expansion card into the slot. Make sure that the card is
properly seated.
aa300.book Page 46 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
46
4
3 Upgrading your system
Secure the card to the housing with a screw.
When you turn on the system, BIOS automatically detects and assigns
resources to the new device.
Note: BIOS detects and configures only PnP (Plug n Play)
expansion cards.
aa300.book Page 47 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
4 Setup utility
aa300.book Page 48 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
This chapter gives information about the system BIOS and
tells how to configure the system by changing the settings
of the BIOS parameters.
aa300.book Page 49 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
49
Introduction
Most systems are already configured by the manufacturer or the
dealer. There is no need to run Setup when starting the computer
unless you get a Run Setup message.
The Setup program loads configuration values into the battery-backed
nonvolatile memory called CMOS RAM. This memory area is not part of
the system RAM.
Note: If you repeatedly receive Run Setup messages, the battery
may be bad. In this case, the system cannot retain configuration
values in CMOS. Ask a qualified technician for assistance.
Before you run Setup, make sure that you have saved all open files. The
system reboots immediately after you exit Setup.
aa300.book Page 50 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
50
4 Setup utility
Setup Menu
The computer employs the latest AMI BIOS CMOS chip with support for
Windows Plug and Play. This CMOS chip contains the ROM Setup
instructions for configuring the mainboard’s BIOS. The BIOS (Basic
Input and Output System) Setup utility is a menu driven utility that
enables you to make changes to the system configuration and tailor
your system to suit your individual work needs. BIOS is a ROM-based
configuration utility that displays the system’s configuration status and
provides you with a tool to set system parameters. These parameters
are stored in non-volatile battery-backed-up CMOS RAM that saves this
information even when the power is turned off. When the system is
turned back on, the system is configured with the values found in
CMOS.
Configure such items as:
•
Hard drives, diskette drives, and peripherals
•
Password protection from unauthorized use
•
Power Management Features
This Setup utility should be executed under the following conditions:
•
When changing the system configuration
•
When a configuration error is detected by the system and you are
prompted to make changes to the Setup utility
•
When redefining the communication ports to prevent any conflicts
•
When making changes to the Power Management configuration
•
When changing the password or making other changes to the
security setup
BIOS Setup Options at Boot
The user will be able to initiate SETUP by pressing the respective keys.
<CTRL>-<ALT>-<ESC>Enter the BIOS Setup
aa300.book Page 51 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
51
Setup submenu: Main
Parameter
Description
Options
AMIBIOS
Version
The core version of AMI BIOS.
N/A
BIOS Build
Date
The date when the BIOS build.
N/A
BIOS ID
The version of current BIOS.
N/A
System Time
Use these items to set the correct time.
[HH:MM:SS]
System Date
Use these items to set the correct date.
[mm/dd/yyyy]
System
Information
Display the system information.
N/A
Product
Information
Display the product information.
N/A
aa300.book Page 52 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
52
4 Setup utility
Setup submenu: Advanced
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
Advanced
Power
Boot
Security
Exit
Setup Warning
Setting items on this screen to incorrect values
may cause the system to malfunction!
Configure SuperIO
Chipset Nat414
SuperIO Configuration
IDE Configuration
Floppy Configuration
OnBoard Devices Configuration
PCIPnP Configuration
Boot Settings Configuration
Event Log Configuration
System Health Monitoring Hardware
Remote Access Configuration
Select Screen
Select Item
Enter Go to Sub Screen
F1
General Help
F10
Save and Exit
ESC Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
SuperIO
Configuration
Configure SuperIO Chipset Nat414.
IDE Configuration
Configure the IDE device(s).
Floppy
Configuration
Configure the Floppy drive(s).
OnBoard Devices
Configuration
OnBoard devices control Enable/Disable.
PCIPnP
Configuration
Legacy USB control and PCI slot IRQ preference
assign.
Boot Settings
Configuration
Boot Settings Configuration.
Event Log
Configuration
Configure Event Logging.
System Health
Monitoring
Hardware
Configure System Health Monitoring Hardware
parameters.
aa300.book Page 53 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
53
Parameter
Description
Remote Access
Configuration
Configure Remote Access.
SuperIO Configuration
SuperIO Chipset Nat414
Advanced
Configure Nat414 Serial Port(s) and Parallel Port
___________________________________________________
Serial Port1 (Address/IRQ)
Parallel Port Address
Parallel Port IRQ
Parallel Port Mode
ECP Mode DMA Channel
[3F8/IRQ4]
[378]
[7]
[ECP]
[3]
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
•
Onboard Serial Port 1
Use these items to disable the serial ports or to assign a port
address and IRQ to the ports.
•
Onboard Parallel Port
Use this item to disable the parallel port or assign a port address to
the parallel port.
•
Parallel Port IRQ
Use this item to determine the IRQ of the parallel port.
•
Parallel Port Mode Select
Use this item to determine the mode of the parallel port. You can
select Normal, Bi-directional, EPP (Enhanced Parallel Port) or ECP
(Extended Capabilities Port).
•
Parallel Port DMA Channel
These items are not available in most circumstances. If they are
available, use them to allocate DMA (Direct Memory Access)
channel for the parallel port.
aa300.book Page 54 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
54
4 Setup utility
IDE Configuration
B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y
Ad v an c ed
ID E C o n fig u ratio n
E n ab le o r d is ab le so ftw are
____ ___ ___ __ ___ ___ ___ _ ____ ___ ___ __ ___ ___ ___ _ ____ ___ R A ID .
ID E S o ftw are R A ID
[D isab led ]
>
>
>
>
>
>
P rim a ry ID E M aster
P rim a ry ID E S lav e
S eco n d a ry ID E M aster
S eco n d a ry ID E S lav e
Tertiary ID E M aster
Tertiary ID E S lav e
H ard D isk W rite P ro te ct
[H ard D is k]
[H ard D is k]
[ATA P I C D R O M ]
[ATA P I C D R O M ]
[H ard D is k]
[H ard D is k]
[D isab led ]
ЧШ
ХЦ
+ F1
F 10
ESC
S ele ct S cre en
S ele ct Item
C h an g e O p tio n
G en eral H elp
S av e an d E xit
E xit
V 02.03 © C o p yrig h t 198 5-2000 , Am e ric an M eg atren d s In c.
Parameter
Description
Options
IDE Software
RAID
This item enables or disables
the software RAID in primary
IDE channel and secondary
IDE channel.
Enabled
Primary IDE
Master
Device detected as primary
IDE master.
Primary IDE
Slave
Device detected as primary
IDE slave.
Manual configure IDE
device parameters if
device could not been
detected by BIOS.
Secondary IDE
Master
Device detected as secondary
IDE master.
Secondary IDE
Slave
Device detected as secondary
IDE slave.
Third IDE
Master
Device detected as third IDE
master.
Third IDE Slave
Device detected as third IDE
slave.
Disabled
aa300.book Page 55 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
55
Parameter
Description
Options
Hard Disk
Write Protect
Disable/Enable device write
protection. This will be
effective only if device is
accessed through BIOS.
Disabled
Enabled
Auto Detect Hard Disks
This item automatically detects and installs any hard disk drives
installed on the primary and secondary IDE channels. Most modern
drives can be detected. If you are using a very old drive that can’t be
detected, you can install it manually.
aa300.book Page 56 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
56
4 Setup utility
Primary IDE Master (if attached Hard Disk)
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
Primary IDE Master
___________________________________________________
Device
:
Hard
Disk
Vendor
:
IBM-DTT
A-307030
Size
:
30.7GB
LBA Mode
:
Supported
Block Mode
:
16Sectors
PIO Mode
:
4
Async Mode :
MultiW
ord DMA-2
Ultra DMA
:
Ultra
DMA-5
S.M.A.R.T.
:
Supported
____________________________________________________
Type
[Auto]
LBA/Large Mode
[Auto]
Block Mode
[Auto]
PIO Mode
[Auto]
DMA Mode
[Auto]
S.M.A.R.T.
[Auto]
32Bit Data Transfer
[Disabled]
ARMD Emulation Type
[Auto]
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Options
Type
Configure the driver type.
Auto
CDROM
ARMD
Not Installed
LBA/Large
Mode
Select the hard disk drive translation
method. For drivers with more than
504MB, the LBA mode is necessary.
Auto
Disabled
Block Mode
Auto: The Data transfer from and to
the device occurs multiple sectors at a
time if the device supports it.
Auto
Disabled
Disable: The Data transfer from and
to the device occurs one sector at a
time.
aa300.book Page 57 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
57
Parameter
Description
Options
PIO Mode
Select PIO (Programmed Input/
Output) Mode. Mode 0 to 4 provide
successive increase of performance.
Auto
0
1
2
3
4
DMA Mode
S.M.A.R.T.
Select DMA Mode:
Auto
Auto: Auto detected
SWDMAn: SingleWordDMAn
SWDMAn
MWDMAn
MWDMAn: MultiWordDMAn
UDMAn: UltraDMAn
UDMAn
Enable or disable the S.M.A.R.T (SelfMonitoring, Analysis and Reporting
Technology) in the internal hard disk.
If ‘Auto’ is selected, the BIOS will
enable the S.M.A.R.T if the drive
supports it.
Auto
32Bit Data
Transfer
Enable/disable 32bit data transfer.
ARMD
Emulation Type
Select ARMD device emulation type
by BIOS.
Disabled
Enabled
Enabled
Disabled
Auto
Floppy
Hard Disk
aa300.book Page 58 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
58
4 Setup utility
Secondary IDE Master (if attached ATAPI CDROM)
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
Secondary IDE Master
____________________________________________________
Device
:
A
TAPI CDROM
Vendor
:
MA
TSHITA CD-177
LBA Mode
:
Supported
Block Mode
:
16Sectors
PIO Mode
:
4
Async Mode :
MultiW
ord DMA-2
Ultra DMA
:
Ultra
DMA-2
____________________________________________________
Type
[Auto]
LBA/Large Mode
[Auto]
Block Mode
[Auto]
PIO Mode
[Auto]
DMA Mode
[Auto]
S.M.A.R.T.
[Auto]
+32Bit Data Transfer
[Disabled]
F1
ARMD Emulation Type
[Auto]
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Secondary IDE Slave (if none attached)
Advanced
Secondary IDE Slave
____________________________________________________
Device
:
Not Detected
____________________________________________________
Type
[Auto]
LBA/Large Mode
[Auto]
Block Mode
[Auto]
PIO Mode
[Auto]
DMA Mode
[Auto]
S.M.A.R.T.
[Auto]
32Bit Data Transfer
[Disabled]
ARMD Emulation Type
[Auto]
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
aa300.book Page 59 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
59
Floppy Configuration
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
Floppy Configuration
____________________________________________________
Floppy A
[1.44MB 31/2 ]
Select the Floppy
drive type.
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
•
Parameter
Description
Floppy Drive A
Select the floppy drive type
Floppy Drive A
If you have one floppy drive installed change the item Floppy Drive
A so that it describes the characteristics of the drive.
aa300.book Page 60 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
60
4 Setup utility
PCIPnP Configuration
B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y
Advanced
P C I P n P C o n f ig u r a t io n
P lu g & P la y O /S
R e s e t C o n f ig u r e D a ta
P C I L a t e n c y T im e r
U S B F u n c t io n
L e g a c y U S B S u p p o rt
A R M D E m u la t io n T y p e
[N o ]
[N o ]
[6 4 ]
[ E n a b le d ]
[ D is a b le d ]
[ H a r d D is k ]
PCI
PCI
PCI
PCI
PCI
[A u to ]
[A u to ]
[A u to ]
[A u to ]
[A u to ]
S lo t - 1
S lo t - 2
S lo t - 3
S lo t - 4
S lo t - 5
IR Q
IR Q
IR Q
IR Q
IR Q
P re fe re n c e
P re fe re n c e
P re fe re n c e
P re fe re n c e
P re fe re n c e
No:
le ts
th e
B IO S
c o n f ig u r e
a ll
th e
d e v ic e s in t h e s y s t e m .
Y e s : le ts t h e o p e r a t in g
s y s t e m c o n f ig u r e P lu g
a n d P la y ( P n P ) d e v ic e s
n o t r e q u ir e d f o r b o o t if
y o u r s y s t e m h a s a P lu g
and
P la y
o p e r a t in g
s y s te m .
ЧШ
ХЦ
+ F1
F10
ESC
S e le c t S c r e e n
S e le c t It e m
C h a n g e O p t io n
G e n e r a l H e lp
S a v e a n d E x it
E x it
V 0 2 . 0 3 © C o p y r ig h t 1 9 8 5 - 2 0 0 0 , A m e r ic a n M e g a t r e n d s In c .
Parameter
Description
Options
Plug & Play
O/S
No: lets the BIOS configure all the devices
in the system.
Yes
No
Yes: lets the operating system configure
Plug and Play (PnP) devices not required for
boot if your system has a Plug and Play
operating system.
Reset
Configure
Date
NO: does not force the PnP data to be
cleared on boot.
PCI Latency
Timer
Value in units of PCI clocks for PCI device
latency timer register.
USB Function
On/Off to enable/disable the USB function
in Chipset.
Legacy USB
Support
Yes
No
YES: clears PCI/PnP Configuration Data
stored in Flash on next boot.
Enables support for legacy USB.
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
aa300.book Page 61 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
61
Parameter
Description
ARMD
Emulation
Type
Sets the emulation type for USB ZIP drive.
PCI Slot-1 IRQ
Preference
Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-1.
PCI Slot-2 IRQ
Preference
Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-2.
PCI Slot-3 IRQ
Preference
Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-3.
PCI Slot-4 IRQ
Preference
Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-4.
PCI Slot-5 IRQ
Preference
Manually set the PCI slot IRQ value slot-5.
Options
Auto
3
4
5
7
9
10
11
12
14
15
aa300.book Page 62 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
62
4 Setup utility
Boot Settings Configuration
B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y
Advanced
B o o t S e ttin g s C o n fig u ra t io n
____________________________________________________
Q u ic k B o o t
[E n a b le d ]
Q u ie t B o o t
[E n a b le d ]
B o o tU p N u m -L o c k
[O n ]
P S /2 M o u s e S u p p o rt
[E n a b le d ]
W a it F o r ‘F 1 ’ If E r ro r
[E n a b le d ]
H y p e rT h r e a d in g
[E n a b le d ]
A llo w s B IO S to s k ip
c e r ta in te s ts w h ile
b o o tin g . T h is w ill
d e c re a s e th e tim e
n e e d e d to b o o t th e
s y s te m .
ЧШ
ХЦ
+ F1
F10
ESC
S e le c t S c re e n
S e le c t Ite m
C h a n g e O p tio n
G e n e r a l H e lp
S a v e a n d E x it
E x it
V 0 2 .0 3 © C o p y r ig h t 1 9 8 5 - 2 0 0 0 , A m e r ic a n M e g a tre n d s In c .
Parameter
Description
Quick Boot
Allows BIOS to skip certain tests while
booting. This will decrease the time needed
to boot the system.
Quiet Boot
Disabled: Displays normal POST messages.
Options
Enabled: Displays OEM Logo instead of
POST messages.
Bootup NumLock
Select Power-on state for NumLock
On
PS/2 Mouse
Support
Enable/Disable PS/2 mouse support by BIOS.
Wait For ‘F1’
if Error
Enable/Disable ëF1í key wait if some POST
error occurred.
Enabled
Disabled
Hyper
Threading
Enabled: Enable CPU Hyper-Threading for
HT enabled processor(s).
Enabled
Off
Enabled
Disabled
Disabled: Disable CPU Hyper-Threading for
HT enabled processor(s).
Disabled
aa300.book Page 63 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
63
Event Log Configuration
B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y
Advanced
E v e n t L o g C o n fig u r a tio n
____________________________________________________
E v en t L o g A rea:
E v e n t L o g D a ta :
S p a c e A v a ila b le
V a lid
E v e n t L o g g in g
B IO S P O S T E v e n t L o g g in g
E C C E v e n t L o g g in g
P C I D e v ic e E v e n t L o g g in g
In tr u s io n E v e n t lo g g in g
C le a r In t r u s io n S ta t u s
C le a r A ll E v e n t L o g s
R e s e t D is a b le d M e m o r y B a n k
[E n a b le d ]
[E n a b le d ]
[D is a b le d ]
[E n a b le d ]
[E n a b le d ]
[N o ]
[N o ]
[N o ]
> V ie w E v e n t L o g
E n a b le d : A llo w lo g g in g o
e v e n ts .
ЧШ
ХЦ
+ F1
F10
ESC
S e le c t S c r e e n
S e le c t Ite m
C h a n g e O p tio n
G e n e r a l H e lp
S a v e a n d E x it
E x it
V 0 2 .0 3 © C o p y r ig h t 1 9 8 5 -2 0 0 0 , A m e r ic a n M e g a tr e n d s In c .
Note: If there are any event logs recorded, “View Event Log” will
appear. If no event recorded, this option will NOT appear.
Parameter
Description
Event Log
Area
The space utilization of event log
NVRAM. If space is full, no new
event type could be record.
Event Log
Data
The state of event log data. The
event log data is only available if
‘valid’.
Event
Logging
Allow/Not allow logging of events.
BIOS POST
Event
Logging
Allow/Not allow logging of BIOS
POST events.
ECC Event
Logging
Allow/Not allow logging of ECC
events.
Options
Enabled
Disabled
Enabled
Disabled
aa300.book Page 64 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
64
4 Setup utility
Parameter
Description
Options
PCI Device
Event
Logging
Allow/Not allow logging of PCI PERR
error events.
Intrusion
Event
logging
Allow/Not allow logging of chassis
intrusion events.
Enabled
Disabled
Clear
Intrusion
Status
Clear chassis intrusion status and set
this value as ‘disabled’ at next time
system boot if this item is enabled.
Yes
Clear All
Event Logs
Clear event log area and set this
value as ‘disabled’ at next time
system boot if this item is enabled.
Yes
No
Reset
Disabled
Memory
Bank
Enable all memory banks on next
boot. Memory DIMM might be
disabled by memory reduction
feature.
View Event
Log
This allows user to see the detail
BIOS and IPMI event.
No
N/A
View Event Log
This allows user to see the detail BIOS and IPMI event.
00/00/00
00/00/00
90/03/01
90/03/02
90/03/10
90/03/12
00:00:33
00:02:15
00:13:04
00:07:50
00:55:37
00:58:37
View Event Log
CMOS Battery Failure
CMOS System Options Not Set
CMOS System Options Not Set
CMOS System Options Not Set
CMOS System Options Not Set
CMOS System Options Not Set
Mark All Events As Read
Mark All Event Log Records As Read
[OK]
[Cancel]
aa300.book Page 65 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
65
OnBoard Devices Configuration
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
OnBoard Devices Configuration
____________________________________________________
OnBoard LAN
OnBoard PCI VGA
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
OnBoard LAN
Enable or disable onboard LAN.
Options
Enabled
Disabled
OnBoard PCI
VGA
Enable or disable onboard VGA.
Enabled
Disabled
System Health Monitoring Hardware
Hardware Monitor Setup Page
This page lets you install hardware monitoring parameters so that the
system can warn you when critical parameters are exceeded.
aa300.book Page 66 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
66
4 Setup utility
System Hardware Monitor
If your mainboard supports hardware monitoring, these items are
auto-detected and the results are reported. You cannot make changes
to these items.
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
System Health Monitoring Hardware
____________________________________________________
Case Status
Closed
Current CPU1 Temp.
360C/960F
Current System Temp.
260C/780F
Current CPU Fan Speed
[4200RPM]
Current System Fan 1 Speed
[0RPM]
Current System Fan 2 Speed
[0RPM]
Configure System
Health Monitoring
Hardware parameters.
Voltage monitoring
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Case Status
The current status detected by chassis intrusion
switch.
Current CPU
Temp
Current CPU temperature detected by the sensor
on the board.
Current System
Temp
Current board temperature detected by the
sensor on the board.
Current CPU
Fan Speed
Current CPU Fan speed detected.
Current System
Fan 1 Speed
Current System Fan 1 speed detected.
Current System
Fan 2 Speed
Current System Fan 2 speed detected.
aa300.book Page 67 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
67
Parameter
Description
Voltage
monitoring
Press ‘Enter’ to view the voltage monitored.
Voltage monitoring
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
System Health Monitoring Hardware
____________________________________________________
VTT
1.2408
V
Vcc 12V
11.9375 V
Vcc 5V
4.9660 V
Vcc 3.3V
3.3024 V
Vcc 2.5V
2.4960 V
CPU Vcore
1.4554 V
LAN 1.5V
1.5087 V
Vcc 5V Standby
5.0700 V
Vcc 3.3V Standby
3.3368 V
VGA 2.5V
2.4960 V
Vdd_IMB 1.5V
1.4946 V
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
aa300.book Page 68 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
68
4 Setup utility
Remote Access Configuration
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Advanced
Configure Remote Access type and parameters
____________________________________________________
Remote Access
[Serial (ANSI)]
Serial Port Mode
Select remote
access type
[115200 8,n,1]
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Remote Access
Select remote access type.
Options
Disabled
Serial (ANSI)
Serial Port
Mode
Select Serial Port setting.
115200 8,n,1
57600 8,n,1
19200 8,n,1
9600 8,n,1
aa300.book Page 69 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
69
Setup submenu: Power
B IO S S E T U P U T IL IT Y
M a in
Advanced
Pow er
Boot
A C P I A w a re O /S
Pow er M anagem ent
A C L o s t H a n d lin g
P o w e r B u tto n M o d e
S e c u rity
E x it
[Ye s ]
[E n a b le d ]
[L a s t S ta te ]
[O n /O ff]
Ye s : It a llo w s A C P I a w a re
O /S to a s s u m e c o n tro l
over
som e
of
po w er
m a n a g e m e n t o p e r a tio n s
o n th is s y s te m .
ЧШ
ХЦ
+ F1
F10
ESC
S e le c t S c re e n
S e le c t Ite m
C h a n g e O p tio n
G e n e ra l H e lp
S a v e a n d E x it
E x it
V 0 2 .0 3 © C o p y rig h t 1 9 8 5 -2 0 0 0 , A m e ric a n M e g a tre n d s In c .
Parameter
Description
Options
ACPI Aware
Enable / Disable ACPI support for
Operating System.
Enabled
O/S
Disabled
ENABLE: If OS supports ACPI.
DISABLE: If OS does not support ACPI.
Power
Management
Enable or disable APM support.
Enabled
AC Lost
Handling
This sets the power state after a
shutdown due to an unexpected
interrupt of AC power. If the value is
set to Stay OFF, the system remains
turned off. If the value is set to Last
State, the system returns to the last
power state.
Last State
Power Button
Mode
If this item is set to On/Off, the power
button acts as a standard on/off
switch. If you set this item to
Suspend, pressing the power button
enters the system into a power-saving
suspend mode.
On/Off
Suspend
Disabled
Stay Off
aa300.book Page 70 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
70
4 Setup utility
Setup submenu: Boot
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
Advanced
Power
Boot
Security
Exit
Boot Device Priority
Hard Disk Drives
Removable Devices
ATAPI CDROM Drives
Select Screen
Select Item
Enter Go to Sub Screen
F1
General Help
F10
Save and Exit
ESC Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Boot Device
Priority
Specifies the boot sequence from the available
devices.
Hard Disk Drives
Specifies the available hard disk drives boot
sequence. Only first drive could boot the system.
Removable Devices
Specifies the available removable devices boot
sequence. Only first drive could boot the system.
ATAPI CDROM
Drives
Specifies the available CD-ROM drives boot
sequence. Only first drive could boot the system.
aa300.book Page 71 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
71
Boot Device Priority
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Boot
st
1 Boot Device
2nd Boot Device
3rd Boot Device
[Removable Device]
[ATAPI CDROM]
[Hard Drive]
Specifies the boot
sequence from the
available devices.
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Options
1st Boot Device
Configure the first boot device type.
Available
boot device
type.
2nd Boot
Device
Configure the second boot device
type. If first boot device fail to boot
the system, BIOS will try to boot the
system from 2nd boot device.
...
Nth Boot
Device
Configure the N-th boot device type.
If N-1 th boot device fail to boot the
system, the BIOS will try to boot the
system from N-th boot device.
aa300.book Page 72 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
72
4 Setup utility
Hard Disk Drives
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Boot
st
1 Hard Drive
2nd Hard Drive
[IDE PRIMARY MASTER - IBM-DATA-3]
[IDE PRIMARY SLAVE - IBM-DATA-35]
Specifies the boot
sequence from the
available devices.
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
1st Hard Drive
Configure the hard drive to boot the
system.
2nd Hard Drive
Configure the 2nd hard drive. Note that
only 1st hard drive could boot the system.
aa300.book Page 73 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
73
Removable Devices
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Boot
1
st
Removable Dev
st
[1
Floppy]
Specifies the boot
sequence from the
available devices.
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
1st Removable
Dev
Configure the 1st removable device to
boot the system.
aa300.book Page 74 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
74
4 Setup utility
ATAPI CDROM Drives
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Boot
st
1 ATAPI CDROM [IDE SECONDARY MASTER - MATSHITA]
Specifies the boot
sequence from the
available devices.
+F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Change Option
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Options
1st ATAPI
CDROM
Configure the first ATAPI CDROM to
boot the system. Only first CDROM
could boot the system.
CD-ROM
available to
the system.
aa300.book Page 75 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
75
Setup submenu: Security
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
Advanced
Supervisor Password
User Password
Power
:
:
Boot
Security
Not Installed
Not Installed
Exit
Install or Change the
password.
Change Supervisor Password
Change User Password
Clear User Password
Select Screen
Select Item
Enter Change
F1
General Help
F10
Save and Exit
ESC
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Change User/
Supervisor
Password
You can install a Supervisor password, and if you
install a supervisor password, you can then install a
user password. A user password does not provide
access to many of the features in the Setup utility.If
you highlight these items and press Enter, a dialog
box appears which lets you enter a password. You
can enter no more than six letters or numbers.
Press Enter after you have typed in the password.
A second dialog box asks you to retype the
password for confirmation. Press Enter after you
have retyped it correctly. The password is required
at boot time, or when the user enters the Setup
utility. The characters allow for password are [‘a’’z’, ‘A’-’Z’, ‘0’-’9’]. Six characters are allowed for a
password.
Clear User
Password
Highlight this item and type in the current
password. At the next dialog box press Enter to
disable password protection.
aa300.book Page 76 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
76
4 Setup utility
Setup submenu: Exit
BIOS SETUP UTILITY
Main
Advanced
Power
Boot
Security
Exit Saving Changes
Exit Discarding Changes
Load Optimal Defaults
Load Failsafe Defaults
Discard Changes
Exit
Exit system setup with
saving the changes.
Enter
F1
F10
ESC
Select Screen
Select Item
Go to Sub Screen
General Help
Save and Exit
Exit
V02.03 'Copy right 1985-2000, American Megatrends Inc.
Parameter
Description
Exit Saving
Changes
Exit system setup with saving the changes.
Exit Discarding
Changes
Exit system setup without saving the changes.
Load Optimal
Defaults
Load Optimal Defaults.
Load Failsafe
Defaults
Load Failsafe Defaults.
Discard Changes
Discard changes.
Auto Configuration with Optimal Settings
If you highlight this item and press Enter, a dialog box asks if you want
to install optimal settings for all the items in the Setup utility. Press the
Y key to indicate Yes, and then press Enter to install the optimal
settings.
aa300.book Page 77 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
77
The optimal settings default values are quite demanding and your
system might not function properly if you are using slower memory
chips or other kinds of low-performance components.
Auto Configuration with Fail-Safe Settings
If you highlight this item and press Enter, a dialog box asks if you want
to install fail-safe settings for all the items in the Setup utility. Press the
Y key to indicate Yes, and then press Enter to install the fail-safe
settings.
The fail-safe settings default values are not demanding so a system
should be able to operate with the fails safe settings even if it is
installed with slower memory chips or other kinds of low-performance
components.
aa300.book Page 78 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
78
4 Setup utility
aa300.book Page 79 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
5 Configuring
IDE Software
RAID
aa300.book Page 80 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
This chapter gives information about configuring RAID IDE and
arrays, assigning RAID levels, planning the arrayconfiguration,
optimizing storage and using the RAID IDE Setup Utility.
aa300.book Page 81 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
81
Configuring Arrays
Organize the physical disk drives in arrays after the drives are
connected to IDE software RAID. And array can consist of one to four
physical disk drives, depending on the RAID level.
Configuration Strategies
The most important factors in RAID array configuration are drive
availability (fault tolerance), and drive performance.
Maximizing Drive Availability - You can maximize the drive
availability by increasing fault tolerance. Use RAID 1 or mirror
configuration to maximize availability.
Maximizing Drive Performance - You can optimize drive
performance by using striping. Select RAID 0 or striping to configure an
array for optimal performance.
Performance and Availability - You can achieve both drive
performance and availability. Select RAID 10 for this configuration. You
will need four drives to configure RAID 10.
Assigning RAID Levels
Only one RAID level can be assigned to each array. The drives required
per RAID level is
RAID
Level
Minimum Number of Drives
Maximum Number of Drives
0
One
Four
1
Two
Two
10
Four
Four
aa300.book Page 82 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
82
5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Selecting a RAID Level
To ensure the best performance, you should select the optimal RAID
level when you create a system drive. The optimal RAID level for your
disk array depends on the following factors:
•
•
•
•
Number of drives in the disk array
Capacity of the drives in the array
Need for data redundancy
Disk performance requirements
The factors you need to consider when selecting a RAID level are listed
below.
RAID
Level
Description
and Use
Pros
Cons
Number of
Drives
Fault
Tolerant
0
Data divided
in blocks
and
distributed
sequentially
(pure
striping).
Use for noncritical data
that
requires
high
performanc
e.
High data
throughput
for large files.
No fault
tolerance. All
data lost if
any drive
fails.
One to
Four
No
1
Data
duplicated
on another
disk
(mirroring).
Use for
readintensive
fault
tolerant
systems
100 percent
data
redundancy
Double disk
space.
Reduced
performance
during
rebuilds.
Two
Yes
10
Data divided
in blocks
and
distributed
sequentially
and each
block is
duplicated
to another
disk.
100 percent
data
redundancy
and High data
throughput.
A minimum
of four drives
required.
Four
Yes
aa300.book Page 83 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
83
Configuring Arrays
After you have enabled IDE Software RAID in BIOS and have attached
all physical disk drives, perform the following actions to prepare a
RAID disk array
Step
Action
1
Press <CTRL>+<M> to run the IDE Software RAID Manager
2
Define and configure one or more logical drives.
3
Create and configure one or more system drives (logical drives).
4
Save the configuration.
5
Initialize the system drives. After initialization, you can install the operating
system.
Creating a Mirrored Array From an Existing Drive
To build a new mirrored array from an existing drive, connect the
current drive and a new drive to the RAID card. Perform the following
steps.
•
•
•
•
•
Turn on the computer and Press <CTRL>+<M> to start the IDE
Software RAID manager.
Create an array by using Option F4. Change the array type to
Mirror.
Now include the existing drive and the new drive to this array.
You can identify the existing drive and the new drive by their
connection location.
Start the rebuilding process by pressing <ENTER>. The setup will
prompt for the target drive name. select the newly connected
drive as the target drive by pressing <SPACE> and then <ENTER>.
The rebuilding process will start. If there are any errors during
the building of the array, you will be prompted with a message
box. You can choose to ignore the error and proceed or stop the
building process.
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84
5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Using the IDE Software RAID Setup
Utility
The Setup window has three sections:
•
•
•
Array Information
Physical Drive Information
Help
Only the Array Information and Physical Drive Information windows
are active. The Array Information window can be edited, the Physical
Drive Information window cannot.
To access the IDE Software RAID setup utility, press <CTRL>+<M>
during boot-up.
Array Information - This section of the screen displays all the disk
arrays configured. Use this section to create, delete or edit the existing
configurations. The disk arrays are displayed as a node in a tree, as in
Windows Explorer. When opened, each node displays the properties of
the array. Press <UP ARROW> and <DOWN ARROW> no navigate the
properties and press <ENTER> to edit your selection.
•
•
•
•
•
Array configuration type or RAID level (Stripe, Mirror, RAID 10,
or spare pool)
Drive numbers of the physical drives included in the array
Stripe size (32 KB to 4 MB) which is valid for stripe and RAID 10
configurations only.
Whether the system is bootable from one of the configured
arrays
Build Array function, which is valid for Mirror and RAID 10
arrays. This option is used to build one drive from another.
The minimum stripe size allowed for RAID 10 configuration is 64
KB.
Physical Drive Information - This section displays all the physical
drives connected to the IDE channels and their properties. The <UP
ARROW> and <DOWN ARROW> are used to navigate the Physical
Drive Information window.
•
•
•
Channel ID (Primary or Secondary)
Connection ID (Master or Slave)
Disk array that the physical drive is a part of
aa300.book Page 85 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
85
•
•
•
Model number
Size in MB of each drive
The status of each drive (online, failed, or rebuilding)
Information listed in the Physical Drive Information window
cannot be edited. Only the <TAB>, <UP ARROW>, and <DOWN
ARROW> keys will work when the control is in the Physical Drive
Information window.
Physical Drive Options - In the top right corner of the Physical Drive
Information window are the Physical Drive Options. The following
options are available:
•
•
•
Enable/Disable write cache
Boot sector virus protection
DMA transfers
These options apply to all drives attached to the IDE software
RAID.
Help Section - The help section of the Setup window displays hints on
available options. The help section also provides a list of keys that you
can use to perform tasks, such as auto-configuring or creating or
deleting an array.
Auto Configure Stripe (F1)
Press the <F1> key to auto configure a stripe array. When you do this,
IDE Software RAID automatically creates a Stripe based array based on
the available physical drives attached. The Stripe size is set for the
optimum level (64 KB).
Auto Configure Mirror (F2)
Press the <F2> key to run auto configuration. When you do this, IDE
Software RAID automatically creates arrays based on the available
physical drives. A minimum of two free physical drives are required for
mirroring.
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86
5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Auto Configure RAID 10 (F3)
Press the <F3> key to auto configure the drives for a RAID 10 array. A
minimum of four free physical drives are required for the RAID 10 auto
configuration.
All previous settings will be lost when running Auto Configuration
for Striping, Mirroring, or RAID 10.
Create Array (F4)
Press the <F4> key to create a disk array. When you create an array, a
default array template is created. You must edit the array properties to
complete the array creation. Use the arrow keys to highlight a property
field and press <ENTER> to edit that property.
Array Type - By default arrays are created in Stripe mode. When you
select this field, a pop-up window displays the following options:
•
•
•
•
•
RAID mode
STRIPE
MIRROR
RAID 10
SPARE POOL
Select the intended RAID mode by using the arrow navigation keys and
pressing <ENTER>. The SPARE POOL option is not a RAID mode, but a
way to assign a physical drive as a hot spare to be used n case of a
mirror failure. When a mirror configured array has a drive failure, a
spare drive can be used to replace the failed drive and rebuild the
array.
To rebuild a drive from the SPARE POOL, the size of the physical
drive in SPARE POOL must be the same or larger than the smallest
drive in the array.
aa300.book Page 87 Tuesday, December 17, 2002 5:27 PM
87
Drive(s) - There is no default setting for this field. You must select the
drives for the configured array. When this field is selected, a pop-up
window will display all the available physical drives with check boxes.
Drive Selection Box
[ ]
Cntlr 0 - Primary Master
[ ]
Cntlr 0 - Primary Slave
[ ]
Cntlr 0 - Secondary Master
[ ]
Cntlr 0 - Secondary Slave
Use the arrow navigation keys and press <SPACE> to select or deselect
the drive or drives to be put into the array. Press <ENTER> when done.
If you select Mirror mode as the array type, you must select two drives
to be in the array. This pop-up window will appear only when
configuring RAID 0 (Stripe) and RAID 1 (Mirror) arrays. A RAID 10 array
contains drives in each Stripe of the array and only two drives are
allowed in each stripe. The maximum amount of Stripes is limited to
four.
Stripe Size - This field applies to Stripe mode arrays only. By default,
an array is set up with 64 KB stripes. Edit this field to change the
default stripe size. The size options are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
32 KB
64 KB
128 KB
256 KB
512 KB
1024 KB
2048 KB
4096 KB
You cannot change the Stripe size of an array that has already
been configured.
Bootable - This determines which of the configured arrays should be
used for booting the system. The options are YES or NO.
You can select the boot device from the system BIOS Setup. Only one
array is allowed to be bootable in a system.
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88
5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Drive Size - This field cannot be edited. It displays the size of the array.
When the array type is Stripe, the drive size is the total of all the drives
selected (one or more drives). When Mirror, drive size is shown by an
individual drive, and for Spare Pool, drive size shows the total drive
capacity.
Build Array - The build array option is valid for RAID 1 (Mirror) and
RAID 10 arrays only. It is used to rebuild the array from the SPARE
POOL. When Build Array starts, it will prompt the user to select the
target drive. It does this because both drives can still be online. Once
the target drive is selected, the rebuild will start.
A drive rebuild can take a long time, depending on the size of the
drive. A 2 GB drive takes about two minutes to rebuild when DMA
mode is enabled.
Delete Array (F5)
Press the <F5> key to delete a currently configured array. Use the
arrow navigation keys to highlight the array you want to delete and
then press <F5>.
Use this option with caution. When you delete an array, you lose
the array configuration and the data stored in the array.
Restore Old Configuration (F6)
Press the <F6> key to restore the configuration that was in use before
you entered the RAID setup utility.
Save and Exit (F10)
When you have completed array configuration, press <F10> to save the
configuration and exit the utility. If you do not want to save the
configuration or any changes that you have made, press <ESC>.
Subsequent message boxes ask for confirmation; respond
appropriately. Note that when a new array is configured, its partition
record is invalidated.
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Installing Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000
Drivers
Use the following procedure to install the IDE Software RAID Windows
NT 4.0 or IDE Software RAID Windows 2000 driver on to the RAIDconfigured drives connected to the primary or secondary IDE channel.
Step
Description
1
Boot the system with the Windows NT or Windows 2000 Boot Installation CD
or diskette.
2
Press <F6> when the following message is displayed:
“Setup is inspecting your computer hardware
configuration.”
3
When installation prompts for a key after copying some files, press <S> to
add a SCSI adaptor.
4
Select Other from the list displayed on-screen.
5
Insert the IDE Software RAID driver floppy diskette and press <ENTER>.
6
Select LSI Logic IDE Software RAID driver from the list and click OK.
7
Continue with the installation process.
Updating the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000
Driver
Use the following procedure to update the IDE Software RAID
Windows NT 4.0 or IDE Software RAID Windows 2000 driver or install
the IDE Software into an existing system booted from a standard IDE or
SCSI drive controller.
Step
Description
1
Click on the Windows Start button. The Windows menu is displayed.
2
Select Settings.
3
Click on Control Panel.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
4
Select SCSI Adapters.
5
Select the Drivers tab.
6
If the IDE Software RAID is already enabled, it will appear in the list as “LSI
CSB6 Controller.” Select and remove it by clicking the Remove button.
7
Click the Add button.
8
Click the Have Disk button. Insert the floppy diskette into the floppy drive.
9
Select Drive A: and click OK.
10
Select LSI CSB6 Controller and click OK.
11
After Windows copies the driver, reset the system.
Confirming the Windows NT 4.0 or Windows
2000 Driver Installation
Use the following procedure to confirm that the IDE Software RAID
Windows NT 4.0 or IDE Software RAID Windows 2000 driver is properly
installed.
Step
Description
1
Click on the Windows Start button. The Windows menu is displayed.
2
Select Settings.
3
Click on Control Panel.
4
Select SCSI Adapters.
5
Select the Drivers tab.
If the RAID board is installed, it will appear in the list as “LSI CSB6
Controller.”
6
Select the Devices tab.
If drives are connected to IDE Software RAID and configured properly, you
will see one or more entries as LSI CSB6 #xx under LSI CSB6 Controller.
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IDE Software RAID Configuration
Console Installation
The system must have the items listed in the table below before you
install the IDE Software RAID Configuration Console. You need to
install items for some operating systems before you install the
Configuration Console.
Operating
System
Service Pack
Internet
Browser
Java Runtime
Environment (JRE)
Windows NT 4.0
5 or higher
Yes
JRE 1.2 or newer
Windows 2000
No
Not required
JRE1.2 or newer
Red Hat Linux
7.2123
No
Yes
JRE 1.2 or newer
Supported Internet Browsers
IDE Software RAID Configuration Console supports the following
browsers:
•
•
•
Internet Explorer 5.x or newer
Netscape 4.0 or newer
Opera 5.2 or newer
Installation Steps for Windows
Insert the CD in your computer and run the Setup.EXE program, using
the following directory:
•
<CD-ROM Drive Letter>:/Setup.EXE
Setup.EXE installs the required components listed in the above table if
they are not already installed. Follow the instructions on the
installation screens.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
To install MegaRAID Configuration Console software utilities, follow
the instructions on the installation screens
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For local administration of a system with IDE Software RAID, install
MegaRAID Web Server and MegaRAID Server. For remote administration
of different machines that contain IDE Software RAID, install MegaRAID
Web Server, MegaRAID Server, and MegaRAID Registration Server.
MegaRAID Registration Server needs to be installed on only one machine
in the network.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Click Install to begin the installation, Back to review or change any
installation settings, or Cancel to exit the Wizard.
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This screen displays the progress of the installation.
Click Finish to complete the installation.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Using IDE Software RAID Configuration Console
This section describes the IDE Software RAID Configuration Console
software utility. You can use the software utilities that come with IDE
Software RAID configuration console to perform the following actions.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Get information about the configuration
Track the health of the array and physical drives
Track S.M.A.R.T. status of the physical drives
Rebuild an array
Perform a consistency check on an array
Check error log where all drive failures are reported
IDE Software RAID Configuration Console
To log onto the RAID Server, enter the Internet address in the Internet
browser. The following screen displays.
The internet address should be http://localhost:555
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Click the server name to select the RAID Server you want to configure.
In the screen above, there is only one server listed.
Continue the log-on procedure by selecting View Only or Full Access in
the following screen. The table below describes the access options
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Option
Description
View Only
Allows you to only view the RAID configuration. It does not allow you to
perform rebuilds or check consistency.
Full Access
This allows you to view, configure, and manage the IDE Software RAID
controller. This option requires you to supply the Full Access Password.
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The main screen displays, as shown below.
The following table displays the contents on IDE Software RAID
Configuration Console main screen. It is broken up into 5 frames.
Frame
Description
Top
The top frame displays the following information:
The server ID that you are logged on to.
The mode you are logged on in.
The type of RAID controller you are using.
Left
This frame lists the following options (described in the following
Table):
Scan Devices
Configuration View
Device Progress
Log Data
Advanced
Back Plane
Close Server
Middle Upper
This frame displays the Physical Disk Drive View.
Middle Lower
This frame displays the Logical Disk Drive View.
Right
This frame displays the type of actions you can perform. It also
displays extended options and links when certain links are
selected.
This table lists the options in the left frame. You can click the options
to perform actions or display the related screens.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Name
Description
Scan Devices
Re scans the system for new hard drives. After you click this button,
the driver re scans all PCI devices. You will notice a significant
decrease in system performance for a few seconds.
Config View
Displays the RAID configuration, media errors, and status of the
drives and arrays. It also allows you to start activity on a particular
array.
Logical View - displays information about the arrays.
Physical View - displays all hard drives attached to the IDE Software
RAID controller.
Device
Progress
Displays the progress bar for the current activity on the IDE Software
RAID controller. The progress bar displays the time left and
percentage complete. Possible actions include the following:
Rebuild
Consistency Check
Log Data
Displays activity log information. All actions add records to the
activity log file. The size of this file can be modified by clicking the
Advanced button
Advanced
Allows you to modify the parameters for the RAID system.
Back Plane
Some systems can have built-in back plane devices. IDE Software
RAID Configuration Console supports several types of back planes.
See the user manual for your system.
Close Server
Returns you to the list of available servers.
A small browser window runs in the background as soon as you log on
to the RAID Server. It constantly refreshes the view so you have the
most current information.
The following screen displays the IDE Software RAID Configuration
Console with the Scan Devices button in the left frame selected. When
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you click Scan Devices, the application re scans for new hard drives.
There is a delay while this occurs.
Config View
The following screen displays the IDE Software RAID Configuration
Console with the Config View button in the left frame selected. When
you click Config View, it displays the RAID configuration, media errors,
and status of the drives and arrays. It also allows you to start activity on
a particular array.
•
•
Logical View - displays information about the arrays.
Physical View - displays all hard drives attached to the IDE
Software RAID controller.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
RAID Controller Properties
To view the RAID controller properties, click the button next to the
RAID controller.
After you click the button, the RAID controller ID displays in the right
frame, and the link to the RAID controller Properties page displays
below the controller ID. Click on the word Properties.
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Property Description
This Property Description screen displays the RAID controller
properties.
This table provides a description of each field. To exit this screen, click
Config View or Scan Devices.
Field
Description
Model
Specifies the model number of the RAID controller.
Driver Version
Specifies the driver version of the RAID controller.
ROM Version
Specifies the ROM version of the RAID controller.
Revision
Specifies the revision of the RAID controller.
Interrupt
Specifies the interrupt of the RAID controller.
Bus Master Base
Address
Specifies the Bus Master Base Address of the RAID controller.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
PCI Bus ID
Specifies the PCI Bus ID of the RAID controller.
Device ID
Specifies the Device ID of the RAID controller.
Primary Channel Base
Address
Specifies the Primary Channel Base Address of the RAID
controller.
Primary Channel
Control Address
Specifies the Primary Channel Control Address of the RAID
controller.
Secondary Channel
Base Address
Specifies the Secondary Channel Base Address of the RAID
controller.
Secondary Channel
Control Address
Specifies the Secondary Channel Control Address of the RAID
controller.
Physical Drive
To view the Physical Drive Properties and Error Status, click the button
next to physical drive you want to view.
After you click the button, the Physical Drive ID displays in the right
frame. The links to the RAID controller Properties and Error Status
page are listed as shown below. Click on the link Properties to display
the Physical Drive Properties. Click the Error Status to display the
Physical Drives Error Status.
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Physical Drive Properties - This screen displays the physical drive
properties. The table following provides a description of each field. To
exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices.
Field
Description
Firmware
Specifies the firmware version of the physical drive.
Status
Specifies gives the status of the physical drive. (online or offline)
Errors
Specifies gives the number of errors in the physical drive.
S.M.A.R.T. Status
Specifies the S.M.A.R.T. (self-monitoring analysis and reporting
technology) status of the physical drive. S.M.A.R.T. helps monitor
and predict the reliability and performance of the hard drive.
The options for this are Disabled, OK, or Error.
Disabled means S.M.A.R.T. is off and physical drive does not collect
statistical data.
OK means S.M.A.R.T. is on and no errors found.
Error status means S.M.A.R.T. is on and some errors found; this is a
serious warning that means the drive has to be replaced.
Logical Drive
Specifies the logical drive information about this physical drive. (by
drive letter or volume)
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Capacity
Specifies the capacity of this physical drive.
Transfer Mode
Specifies the type of transfer mode used on this physical drive.
Part of Array
Specifies the part of the array wo which this physical drive belongs.
The RAID mode for a striped array (RAID 0) is called performance,
and for a mirrored array (RAID 1) is called reliability.
Connection
Specifies the type of IDE connection that is used to connect this drive
to the RAID controller. (primary or secondary, master or slave)
Model
Specifies the model number of the physical drive.
Serial Number
Specifies the serial number of the physical drive.
Physical Drive Error Status - This screen displays the physical drive
error status. This table provides a description of each field.
Field
Description
Time and Date
Specifies the time and date the error was logged.
Error
Specifies the error type.
Sector
Specifies the sector that contains the error.
Physical Drive Errors - Error codes for the physical drives display
when you select the error log view. The following table provides a list
and descriptions of the error codes.
Code
Description
Error 01
Media read error. The disk surface is damaged.
Error 02
Media write error. The disk surface is damaged.
Error 03
Media verify error.
Error 04
Missing drive type.
Array
To display the Array Properties, perform a Check Consistency, or rebuild
the array, click the icon in the lower middle frame next to Array.
After you click the icon, the Array ID displays in the right frame. The
links to the Array Properties, Check Consistency, and Rebuild display as
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shown in the following screen. Click the word Properties to view the
Array Properties. The Array operations are described in the following
information.
Due to high resource usage during Rebuild and Consistency Check
operations in the Windows operating system, only one action per
RAID Server is allowed in Windows.
Array Check Consistency - Click Check Consistency to check the
correctness of the redundant data in an array. You can choose to make
the data on both drives identical. This function can be performed only
on RAID1 and RAID10 arrays.
After you click Check Consistency, the options in this table are
displayed in the right frame.
Field
Description
Check All Partitions
Check this option to perform the consistency check on all valid
partitions (logical drives). Option is valid only for Windows Raid
Servers.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Abort Check Consistency - When the Check Consistency begins, the
words Checking Consistency flash next to the array that is being
checked. You can abort the Check Consistency by clicking Abort Check
Consistency in the right frame. You can view the progress of the Check
Consistency by clicking Device Progress in the left frame.
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Check Consistency Device Progress -This screen displays the
progress of the Check Consistency. The table below provides a
description of each field.
Field
Description
Array
Specifies the array number being checked.
Operation
Specifies the type of operation being performed. Example: Check
Consistency.
Percentage
Indicates the percentage completed.
Time Left
Indicates the estimated time left to complete the task.
Progress
Displays graphical representation of the progress.
To exit this page, click Config View or Scan Devices.
Array Rebuild Device Progress - This screen displays the Array
Rebuild Progress. The table following provides a description of each
field.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Field
Description
Array
This field gives the array number being rebuilt.
Operation
This field gives the type of operation being performed. Example:
Rebuild.
Percentage
This field gives the percentage complete.
Time Left
This field gives the estimated time left to complete the task.
Progress
This gives a graphical representation of the progress.
To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices.
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Array Properties - This screen displays the Array Properties. The table
below provides a description of each field.
Field
Description
Mode
Displays the IDE Software RAID controller's RAID level. IDE RAID
supports RAID 0, 1, and 10.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Status
Displays the health of the array. The array health status can be
one of the following:
On Line - Working within normal parameters.
Off Line - All drives have failed.
Deteriorated - One of the drives has failed.
Logical Drive
Displays the logical drive letters or volume names.
Stripe Size
Displays the stripe size. A stripe size is the minimal amount of
data that can be written to the drive in one write.
Note: RAID level 1 does not have a stripe size parameter. Stripe
size parameters are available for RAID level 0 and RAID level 10
array sets only. The stripe size parameter can be set only when
the array is created. See the user’s guide for your IDE Software
RAID IDE controller for more information.
Capacity
Displays the actual size of the array. This size is reported to
Operating System.
Error Threshold
This parameter is user defined. Users can define the error
threshold on each drive. For more information on how to set
the error threshold, see the Advanced menu description.
Constituent Physical
Drives
Displays the physical drives joined to an array.
To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices.
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Log Data
This screen displays the Log Data screen. Use the scroll bar to view the
log.
To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Advanced
This screen displays the Advanced Settings of the IDE Software RAID
Configuration Console. The table following provides a description of
each field.
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Field
Description
Fail Physical Drive if
Error Threshold
Reached
Marks drive as Failed when error threshold is reached. After
this drive is marked as Failed, it can’t be used anymore. Drive
status can be changed only from the BIOS Configuration
Utility (<Ctrl><M>). This option is not set by default.
Start Rebuilding if Error
Threshold Reached
IDE Software RAID Configuration Console begins an
automatic rebuild if the array has more than a specified
number of errors. If so, it starts an automatic rebuild.
* - This option is valid only for arrays set for reliability mode
(RAID 1 mirrored arrays).
Check Array for Rebuild
at Startup
IDE Software RAID Configuration Console checks the number
of errors in the arrays to see if they need rebuilding.
Stop Rebuilding if
Rebuilding Error
Threshold Reached
If the maximum number of errors allowed is found in an
array during rebuild, IDE Software RAID Configuration
Console will stop the rebuild.
Make Contents of Array
Drives Identical after
Check Consistency error
found
If IDE Software RAID Configuration Console finds mismatches
between two mirrored (RAID 1) arrays, it will copy the data
from one drive to the other to make them identical.
* - This option is valid only for arrays set for reliability mode
(RAID 1 mirrored arrays).
Delete Activity Log Files
when it reaches
maximum Allowed Size
This deletes the activity log file if it reaches the maximum
allowable size (as set in the box below this item).
If checked, the activity log file is overwritten when it reaches
the maximum size. If not checked, the file stops updating
when it reaches the maximum size and is not updated
anymore.
Activity Log File Size
Use this box to select the maximum size for the activity log
file.
Enable S.M.A.R.T. on
Physical Drive
If this option is checked, it enables S.M.A.R.T. monitoring of
all physical drives attached to the RAID controller.
S.M.A.R.T. Poll Interval
This setting allows you to set the time interval that S.M.A.R.T.
status is checked.
S.M.A.R.T. stands for self-monitoring, analysis, and reporting
technology. This feature is built into the hard drive that checks for
potential problems that can crash the hard drive. Not all hard
drives have this feature.
To exit this page, click on Config View or Scan Devices.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
Backplane
This screen displays the backplane information of the RAID array.
Different backplanes can have different features. This application
shows the following:
•
•
•
Current temperature inside the backplane
Error log
Fan speed
To exit this page, click Config View or Scan Devices.
Close Server
To exit this RAID server, click Close Server in the left frame.
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5 Configuring IDE Software RAID
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Appendix A: AMIBIOS
POST Checkpoint Codes
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AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
Uncompressed Initialization Codes
The uncompressed initialization checkpoint codes are listed in order of
execution:
Checkpoint Code
Description
D0h
The NMI is disabled. Power on delay is starting.
Next, the initialization code checksum will be
verified.
D1h
Initializing the DMA controller, performing the
keyboard controller BAT test, starting memory
refresh, and entering 4 GB flat mode next.
D3h
Starting memory sizing next.
D4h
Returning to real mode. Executing any OEM
patches and setting the stack next.
D5h
Passing control to the uncompressed code in
shadow RAM at E000:0000h. The initialization code
is copied to segment 0 and control will be
transferred to segment 0.
D6h
Control is in segment 0. Next, checking if <Ctrl>
<Home> was pressed and verifying the system BIOS
checksum.
If either <Ctrl> <Home> was pressed or the system
BIOS checksum is bad, next will go to checkpoint
code E0h.
Otherwise, going to checkpoint code D7h.
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Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
POST Checkpoint Codes
Bootblock Recovery Codes
The bootblock recovery checkpoint codes are listed in order of
execution:
Checkpoint Code
Description
E0h
The onboard floppy controller if available is
initialized. Next, beginning the base 512 KB
memory test.
E1h
Initializing the interrupt vector table next.
E2h
Initializing the DMA and Interrupt controllers next.
E6h
Enabling the floppy drive controller and Timer
IRQs. Enabling internal cache memory.
Edh
Initializing the floppy drive.
Eeh
Looking for a floppy diskette in drive A:. Reading
the first sector of the diskette.
Efh
A read error occurred while reading the floppy
drive in drive A:.
F0h
Next, searching for the AMIBOOT.ROM file in the
root directory.
F1h
The AMIBOOT.ROM file is not in the root directory.
F2h
Next, reading and analyzing the floppy diskette
FAT to find the clusters occupied by the
AMIBOOT.ROM file.
F3h
Next, reading the AMIBOOT.ROM file, cluster by
cluster.
F4h
The AMIBOOT.ROM file is not the correct size.
F5h
Next, disabling internal cache memory.
FBh
Next, detecting the type of flash ROM.
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Checkpoint Code
Description
FCh
Next, erasing the flash ROM.
FDh
Next, programming the flash ROM.
FFh
Flash ROM programming was successful. Next,
restarting the system BIOS.
Uncompressed Initialization Codes
The following runtime checkpoint codes are listed in order of
execution. These codes are uncompressed in F0000h shadow RAM.
Checkpoint Code
Description
03h
The NMI is disabled. Next, checking for a soft reset
or a power on condition.
05h
The BIOS stack has been built. Next, disabling cache
memory.
06h
Uncompressing the POST code next.
07h
Next, initializing the CPU and the CPU data area.
08h
The CMOS checksum calculation is done next.
0Ah
The CMOS checksum calculation is done.
Initializing the CMOS status register for date and
time next.
0Bh
The CMOS status register is initialized. Next,
performing any required initialization before the
keyboard BAT command is issued.
0Ch
The keyboard controller input buffer is free. Next,
issuing the BAT command to the keyboard
controller.
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Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
Checkpoint Code
Description
0Eh
The keyboard controller BAT command result has
been verified. Next, performing any necessary
initialization after the keyboard controller BAT
command test.
0Fh
The initialization after the keyboard controller BAT
command test is done. The keyboard command
byte is written next.
10h
The keyboard controller command byte is written.
Next, issuing the Pin 23 and 24 blocking and
unblocking command.
11h
Next, checking if <End> or <Ins> keys were
pressed during power on. Initializing CMOS RAM if
the Initialize CMOS RAM in every boot AMIBIOS
POST option was set in AMIBCP or the <End> key
was pressed.
12h
Next, disabling DMA controllers 1 and 2 and
interrupt controllers 1 and 2.
13h
The video display has been disabled. Port B has
been initialized. Next, initializing the chipset.
14h
The 8254 timer test will begin next.
19h
The 8254 timer test is over. Starting the memory
refresh test next.
1Ah
The memory refresh line is toggling. Checking the
15 second on/off time
next.
23h
Reading the 8042 input port and disabling the
MEGAKEY Green PC feature next. Making the BIOS
code segment writable and performing any
necessary configuration before initializing the
interrupt vectors.
24h
The configuration required before interrupt vector
initialization has completed. Interrupt vector
initialization is about to begin.
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Checkpoint Code
Description
25h
Interrupt vector initialization is done. Clearing the
password if the POST DIAG switch is on.
27h
Any initialization before setting video mode will
be done next.
28h
Initialization before setting the video mode is
complete. Configuring the monochrome mode and
color mode settings next.
2Ah
Bus initialization system, static, output devices will
be done next, if present. See page 131 for
additional information.
2Bh
Passing control to the video ROM to perform any
required configuration before the video ROM test.
2Ch
All necessary processing before passing control to
the video ROM is done. Looking for the video ROM
next and passing control to it.
2Dh
The video ROM has returned control to BIOS POST.
Performing any required processing after the video
ROM had control.
2Eh
Completed post-video ROM test processing. If the
EGA/VGA controller is not found, performing the
display memory read/write test next.
2Fh
The EGA/VGA controller was not found. The display
memory read/write test is about to begin.
30h
The display memory read/write test passed. Look
for retrace checking next.
31h
The display memory read/write test or retrace
checking failed. Performing the alternate display
memory read/write test next.
32h
The alternate display memory read/write test
passed. Looking for alternate display retrace
checking next.
34h
Video display checking is over. Setting the display
mode next.
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Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
Checkpoint Code
Description
37h
The display mode is set. Displaying the power on
message next.
38h
Initializing the bus input, IPL, general devices next,
if present. See page 131 for additional
information.
39h
Displaying bus initialization error messages. See
page 131 for additional information.
3Ah
The new cursor position has been read and saved.
Displaying the Hit <DEL> message next.
3Bh
The Hit <DEL> message is displayed. The protected
mode memory test is about to start.
40h
Preparing the descriptor tables next.
42h
The descriptor tables are prepared. Entering
protected mode for the memory test next.
43h
Entered protected mode. Enabling interrupts for
diagnostics mode next.
44h
Interrupts enabled if the diagnostics switch is on.
Initializing data to check memory wraparound at
0:0 next.
45h
Data initialized. Checking for memory wraparound
at 0:0 and finding the total system memory size
next.
46h
The memory wraparound test is done. Memory size
calculation has been done. Writing patterns to test
memory next.
47h
The memory pattern has been written to extended
memory. Writing patterns to the base 640 KB
memory next.
48h
Patterns written in base memory. Determining the
amount of memory below 1 MB next.
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127
Checkpoint Code
Description
49h
The amount of memory below 1 MB has been
found and verified. Determining the amount of
memory above 1 MB memory next.
4Bh
The amount of memory above 1 MB has been
found and verified. Checking for a soft reset and
clearing the memory below 1 MB for the soft reset
next. If this is a power on situation, going to
checkpoint 4Eh next.
4Ch
The memory below 1 MB has been cleared via a
soft reset. Clearing the memory above 1 MB next.
4Dh
The memory above 1 MB has been cleared via a
soft reset. Saving the memory size next. Going to
checkpoint 52h next.
4Eh
The memory test started, but not as the result of a
soft reset. Displaying the first 64 KB memory size
next.
4Fh
The memory size display has started. The display is
updated during the memory test. Performing the
sequential and random memory test next.
50h
The memory below 1 MB has been tested and
initialized. Adjusting the displayed memory size for
relocation and shadowing next.
51h
The memory size display was adjusted for
relocation and shadowing. Testing the memory
above 1 MB next.
52h
The memory above 1 MB has been tested and
initialized. Saving the memory size information
next.
53h
The memory size information and the CPU registers
are saved. Entering real mode next.
54h
Shutdown was successful. The CPU is in real mode.
Disabling the Gate A20 line, parity, and the NMI
next.
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128
Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
Checkpoint Code
Description
57h
The A20 address line, parity, and the NMI are
disabled. Adjusting the memory size depending on
relocation and shadowing next.
58h
The memory size was adjusted for relocation and
shadowing. Clearing the Hit <DEL> message next.
59h
The Hit <DEL> message is cleared. The <WAIT...>
message is displayed. Starting the DMA and
interrupt controller test next.
60h
The DMA page register test passed. Performing the
DMA Controller 1 base register test next.
62h
The DMA controller 1 base register test passed.
Performing the DMA controller 2 base register test
next.
65h
The DMA controller 2 base register test passed.
Programming DMA controllers 1 and 2 next.
66h
Completed programming DMA controllers 1 and 2.
Initializing the 8259 interrupt controller next.
67h
Completed 8259 interrupt controller initialization.
7Fh
Extended NMI source enabling is in progress.
80h
The keyboard test has started. Clearing the output
buffer and checking for stuck keys. Issuing the
keyboard reset command next.
81h
A keyboard reset error or stuck key was found.
Issuing the keyboard controller interface test
command next.
82h
The keyboard controller interface test completed.
Writing the command byte and initializing the
circular buffer next.
83h
The command byte was written and global data
initialization has completed. Checking for a locked
key next.
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129
Checkpoint Code
Description
84h
Locked key checking is over. Checking for a
memory size mismatch with CMOS RAM data next.
85h
The memory size check is done. Displaying a soft
error and checking for a password or bypassing
WINBIOS Setup next.
86h
The password was checked. Performing any
required programming before WINBIOS Setup
next.
87h
The programming before WINBIOS Setup has
completed. Uncompressing the WINBIOS Setup
code and executing the AMIBIOS Setup or WINBIOS
Setup utility next.
88h
Returned from WINBIOS Setup and cleared the
screen. Performing any necessary programming
after WINBIOS Setup next.
89h
The programming after WINBIOS Setup has
completed. Displaying the power on screen
message next.
8Bh
The first screen message has been displayed. The
<WAIT...> message is displayed. Performing the PS/
2 mouse check and extended BIOS data area
allocation check next.
8Ch
Programming the WINBIOS Setup options next.
8Dh
The WINBIOS Setup options are programmed.
Resetting the hard disk controller next.
8Fh
The hard disk controller has been reset.
Configuring the floppy drive controller next.
91h
The floppy drive controller has been configured.
Configuring the hard disk drive controller next.
95h
Initializing the bus option ROMs from C800 next.
See page 131 for additional information.
96h
Initializing before passing control to the adaptor
ROM at C800.
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Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
Checkpoint Code
Description
97h
Initialization before the C800 adaptor ROM gains
control has completed. The adaptor ROM check is
next.
98h
The adaptor ROM had control and has now
returned control to BIOS POST. Performing any
required processing after the option ROM returned
control.
99h
Any initialization required after the option ROM
test has completed. Configuring the timer data
area and printer base address next.
9Ah
Set the timer and printer base addresses. Setting
the RS-232 base address next.
9Bh
Returned after setting the RS-232 base address.
Performing any required initialization before the
Coprocessor test next.
9Ch
Required initialization before the Coprocessor test
is over. Initializing the Coprocessor next.
9Dh
Coprocessor initialized. Performing any required
initialization after the Coprocessor test next.
9Eh
Initialization after the Coprocessor test is complete.
Checking the extended keyboard, keyboard ID, and
Num Lock key next. Issuing the keyboard ID
command next.
A2h
Displaying any soft errors next.
A3h
The soft error display has completed. Setting the
keyboard typematic rate next.
A4h
The keyboard typematic rate is set. Programming
the memory wait states next.
A5h
Memory wait state programming is over. Clearing
the screen and enabling parity and the NMI next.
A7h
NMI and parity enabled. Performing any
initialization required before passing control to the
adaptor ROM at E000 next.
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131
Checkpoint Code
Description
A8h
Initialization before passing control to the adaptor
ROM at E000h completed. Passing control to the
adaptor ROM at E000h next.
A9h
Returned from adaptor ROM at E000h control.
Performing any initialization required after the
E000 option ROM had control next.
Aah
Initialization after E000 option ROM control has
completed. Displaying the system configuration
next.
Abh
Uncompressing the DMI data and executing DMI
POST initialization next.
B0h
The system configuration is displayed.
B1h
Copying any code to specific areas.
00h
Code copying to specific areas is done. Passing
control to INT 19h boot loader next.
Bus Checkpoint Codes
The system BIOS passes control to different buses at the following
checkpoints:
Checkpoint Code
Description
2Ah
Initializing the different bus system, static, and
output devices, if present.
38h
Initialized bus input, IPL, and general devices, if
present.
39h
Displaying bus initialization error messages, if any.
95h
Initializing bus adaptor ROMs from C8000h
through D8000h.
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Appendix A: AMIBIOS POST Checkpoint Codes
Additional Bus Checkpoints
While control is inside the different bus routines, additional
checkpoints are output to I/O port address 0080h as word to identify
the routines being executed.
These are word checkpoints. The low byte of checkpoint is the system
BIOS checkpoint where control is passed to the different bus routines.
The high byte of checkpoint indicates that the routine is being
executed in different buses.
High Byte
The high byte of these checkpoints includes the following information:
Bits
Description
Bits 7-4
0000 Function 0. Disable all devices on the bus.
0001 Function 1. Initialize static devices on the bus.
0010 Function 2. Initialize output devices on the bus.
0011 Function 3. Initialize input devices on the bus.
0100 Function 4. Initialize IPL devices on the bus.
0101 Function 5. Initiate general devices on the bus.
0110 Function 6. Initialize error reporting on the bus.
0111 Function 7. Initialize add-on ROMs for all buses.
Bits 3-0
Specify the bus
0 Generic DIM Device Initialization Manager.
1 Onboard System devices.
2 ISA devices.
3 EISA devices.
4 ISA PnP devices.
5 PCI devices.
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Appendix B: ASM
quick installation guide
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This appendix shows you how to install the
ASM software package.
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135
Installing ASM
Acer Server Manager (ASM) consists of the ASM Console and the ASM
Agent. These two components are both required to perform server
management tasks.
System requirements
ASM requires TCP/IP connectivity between the ASM Console and the
ASM Agent.
ASM Agent
•
128 MB of RAM
•
SCSI/IDE hard drive with at least 100 MB free hard disk space
•
Microsoft Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 Server/Advanced
Server operating system
ASM Console
•
Intel Pentium III (500 MHz) or higher processor
•
128 MB of RAM
•
SCSI/IDE hard drive with at least 100 MB free hard disk space
•
Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional/XP/Server/Advanced Server
operating system
•
Ethernet card
System setup
Make sure that your system meets the requirements listed above
before proceeding. You may also want to change your screen to
800 x 600 resolution or higher for optimum viewing.
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Appendix B: ASM quick installation guide
Installing ASM Agent
To install ASM Agent:
1
Log in to the managed server using the Administrator account.
2
Insert the EasyBUILDTM Management CD into the server’s CD-ROM
drive.
The installation sequence will automatically be displayed.
3
Select the option for ASM installation.
The installation wizard will be initialized.
4
Follow all onscreen instructions to complete installation.
For detailed instructions on installing ASM Agent, refer to the
ASM User’s manual.
To launch the program, on the Windows taskbar click on the Start
button, point to Programs, select Acer Server Management Suite
then click ASM Agent.
Installing ASM Console
To install ASM Console:
1
Log in to the target Windows-based PC using the Administrator
account.
2
Insert the EasyBUILDTM Management CD into the computer’s
CD-ROM drive.
The installation sequence will automatically be displayed.
3
Select the option for ASM installation.
The installation wizard will be initialized.
4
Follow all onscreen instructions to complete installation.
For detailed instructions on installing ASM Console, refer to the
ASM User’s manual.
To launch the program, on the Windows taskbar click on the Start
button, point to Programs, select Acer Server Management Suite
then click ASM Console.
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Appendix C: Rack
installation guide
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138
Appendix C: Rack installation guide
This appendix shows you how to convert
your Altos G300 series server from a standalone tower to a rack-mounted system.
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139
System rack installation
Aside from its tower configuration, the Altos G301 server system can
also be mounted in a rack-model position. A rack mount kit is available
for customers who want to convert a tower-mounted system to rackmodel design. To purchase a rack mount kit, contact your local Acer
representative.
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Appendix C: Rack installation guide
Vertical mounting hole pattern
The four vertical rails of a rack contain mounting holes arranged in a
manner shown in the figure below:
The system occupies 6U in the rack. Count the U positions and hole
numbers from the bottom up.
Note: The unit of measurement used in this document is "U"
(1U = 1.75 inches or 44.45 mm). The total sum of the heights of all
components in the rack measured in "U" cannot exceed the
height of the rack. For more information, refer to the
documentation that came with your system rack.
The distance from the center of two holes with closer spacing to the
center of the next pair is equivalent to 1U.
When installing components, you must start your measurement from
the center of the two holes with closer spacing. Otherwise, the screw
holes on the component may not match those on the rack.
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141
Screw types for rack installation
The following screws are used in the assembly of the Acer Altos G301
and other rack-mountable components.
Screw type
Figure
Usage
1
#8-32 x 0.25 inch
Securing the inner mounting
rails to the server tray
2
Hex head
#6-32 0.25 inch
Attaching the side handles to
the server
3
M4 x L8
Securing the mounting
brackets to the inner sliding
piece
M4 nut
4
M6 x L10
Securing the cable carrier
and the mounting rails to the
rack
Cage nut
Supports the M6 metal
screws for securing server
components to the rack
Installing cage nuts
Cage nuts are use to secure systems and other components to the
vertical rails in the rack.
To install cage nuts:
1
Insert the lower lip of the cage nut over the bottom of the
opening at the back of a rail.
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Appendix C: Rack installation guide
2
Pinch the cage nut lips with your fingers and press until it locks
into place.
3
Repeat this process to install the other cage nuts in their
appropriate locations.
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143
Installing the system into the rack
To install the system into the rack:
1
Remove the front panel from the server. Refer to “Removing the
front panel” on page 33 for instructions.
2
Remove the foot stands from the server.
3
(1)
Lay the server on its side on a flat, stable surface.
(2)
Remove both of the screws from the center of each of the
server’s four foot stands. Keep the stands and screws for
later use.
Slide the stands inward, and remove them one by one.
The Altos G300 Rack mount kit contains two sets of rack brackets and
mounting rails. The rack brackets attach to the mounting rails to the
server tray. Each bracket is composed of three pieces: a detachable
inner rail and a fixed middle and outer rails. The mounting rails allow
the system to slide in and out of the rack mount for maintenance
purposes.
4
Remove the inner rail from the rack brackets.
(1) Extend the inner rail until the rail release latch clicks.
(2) Hold down the latch then slip the inner rail out.
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Appendix C: Rack installation guide
Do the same thing with the other rack bracket.
5
Attach the inner rails to both sides of the server tray.
(1)
Align the inner rail to the screw holes located on either side
of the server tray.
(2) Secure the two rails to the server using #8-32 x 0.25 inch
screws.
Attach the other inner rail to other side of the server tray.
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145
6
Set the server tray aside.
7
Attach the rack brackets to the mounting rails.
•
Align the rack brackets to the mounting rail until the six screw
holes become visible.
•
Secure the rack bracket to the mounting rail using M4 x L8
screws. Tighten the screws, but leave them loose enough to
allow length adjustment when installing the mounting rails to
the rack.
Attach the other rack brackets to the remaining mounting rail.
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146
8
Appendix C: Rack installation guide
Install the mounting rails to the rack using four M6 x L10 screws
for each mounting rail.
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147
9
Extend the middle sliding piece of each mounting rail forward
until it clicks.
10 Install the server tray into the rack by first carefully aligning the
inner rails attached to the tray with the mounting rails on the rack.
(1)
(2)
Press the release latch on both sides of the server tray.
Slide the server tray into the rack then push the tray into the
rack until it clicks.
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Appendix C: Rack installation guide
11 Turn the Altos G301 on its side.
(1) Place the system on the server tray.
(2) Push the server to the back of the tray so it can be secured to
the tray.
12 Secure the server to the back of the server tray using the two
attached screws. To access this location, you may need to open the
back door of the rack.
Caution! To avoid personal injury, care should be taken when
pressing the component rail release latches and sliding the
component into the rack.
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149
13 Attach the Cable Arm
The optional Cable Arm keeps peripheral and power cables from
becoming tangled or severed when the system slides in or out.
(1)
Attach the cable arm to the back of the server with two
screws.
(2)
Install two cage nuts in the rail to which the cable arm is to
be attached. Extend the cable arm enough to attach it to
the rail using two M6 x L10 screws.
(3)
Insert the power, peripheral and networking cables into the
appropriate ports. Refer to Chapter 2 for detailed
instructions.
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Appendix C: Rack installation guide
(4)
Bundle all cables to the cable carrier with the cable clamps.
The cable arm will protect the cables when the system is being moved
into or out of the server rack.