Atmel | AT89STK-06 | AT89STK-11 Starter Kit Hardware User Guide

AT89STK-11 Starter Kit
..............................................................................................
Hardware User Guide
Table of Contents
Section 1
Introduction ........................................................................................... 1-1
1.1
1.2
Features ....................................................................................................1-1
Supported Devices....................................................................................1-1
Section 2
Hardware Description ........................................................................... 2-3
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
Board Overview.........................................................................................2-3
Block Diagram...........................................................................................2-4
Power Supply ............................................................................................2-4
Reset.........................................................................................................2-5
Features ....................................................................................................2-6
Interfaces ..................................................................................................2-6
Board Settings ..........................................................................................2-8
Section 3
ISP Programming ............................................................................... 3-10
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
Manual ISP Mode ...................................................................................3-10
Auto ISP Mode ........................................................................................3-10
FLIP Software .........................................................................................3-11
Batchisp Software ...................................................................................3-11
Section 4
Appendix A: Board Layout .................................................................. 4-12
Appendix B: Bill of Materials ............................................................... 4-13
4.1
Bill of Materials Table..............................................................................4-13
Appendix C: Board Schematics .......................................................... 4-15
Appendix D: References/Acronyms .................................................... 4-19
4.2
4.3
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
References..............................................................................................4-19
Acronyms ................................................................................................4-19
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Section 1
Introduction
This document describes the AT89STK-11 board dedicated to the standard C51 microcontrollers with in-system programming.
All of the microcontroller I/Os are made available in an expansion area with prototyping facilities.
1.1
Features
„ Stand-alone Board
„ In-System Programmable (ISP) including ‘Auto ISP’ feature
„ On-board Voltage Regulator
„ Microcontroler on its sockets
–
PLCC44-pin package
„ On-board 3V or 5V power supply circuitry
–
–
from an external power connector
from an external battery
„ On-board RESET
„ Leds : Power, ALE, RS232 Rx and Tx
„ External MCU clock connector
„ External PCA clock connector
„ TWI, SPI and RS232 connectors
„ INT0 & INT1 Push-button
„ Expansion area with prototyping facilities
„ Commercial Temperature Range: 0 to +70°C Operating Temperature
„ Dimension: 95 mm x 120 mm
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
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Introduction
1.2
Supported
Devices
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„
„
„
„
„
AT89C51RE2/IE2
AT89C51RB2/IE2
AT89C51RC2/IC2
AT89C51RD2/ID2/ED2
AT89C51RD3/ID3
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Section 2
Hardware Description
2.1
Board Overview
Figure 2-1 shows the AT89STK-11 board.
Figure 2-1. AT89STK-11
This photo is not contractual and may be modified without notification by Atmel.
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
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Hardware Description
2.2
Block Diagram
Figure 2-2 shows the functional block diagram of the AT89STK-11, with the I/O usage.
Figure 2-2. Block Diagram of AT89STK-11
PC Host
SPI
Full UART
TWI
P0
16MHz
Quartz
P1
C51
EA
RST
ISP
INT0
INT1
External
Power
Power Supply
3V or 5V
Expansion
Area
P2
PLCC44
P3
Leds:
PWR
ALE
User LEDs
User Push Buttons
2.3
Power Supply
The on-board power supply circuitry allows various power supply configurations. This
gives the user the capability to power the devices in the 3V and in the 5V voltage range.
2.3.1
Power Supply
Sources
The power supply source can come from two different and exclusive sources:
„ either from the JACK PWR connector
„ either from the 2-point sip EXT connector.
2.3.1.1
JACK PWR
Connector
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The Jack power connector implemented on board is a female Jack connector with internal 2.1mm conductor. It requires a male JACK outlet with 2.1mm capability.
No specific polarization is mandatory as on-board diode rectifier gives a protection
against inadvertent polarization invertion.
When using the JACK power supply, the board is powered with a 5V voltage.
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Hardware Description
Figure 2-2 . Male JACK Outlet and Wires
Caution: Do not mount more than one power supply source on AT89STK-11 Board.
Note: There is a diode voltage level between the negative output of the power supply
and the “GND”. This could introduce some voltage gap during measurement
and instrumentation.
2.3.1.2
External EXT
connector
The battery power connector implemented on board is a male two point SIP connector.
It requires an external power cable with a female 2 points connector.
When powered though this interface, polarization is mandatory as no protection is given
on board.
The EXT power supply circuitry support input supply from 2.7V up to 5.5V DC.
Figure 2-3 . EXT PWR Female Connector / Cable
Caution: Do not mount more than one power supply source on board.
It is recommended to open the SP1 solder pad when using the EXT input to avoid regulator powering by the output.
2.4
Reset
To be compatible with Atmel microcontrollers which have (or not) its on-chip RESET circuitry (c.f.microcontroller datasheet), the board provides a RESET signal witch can
come from 2 different sources:
2.4.1
Power-on RESET
The on-board RC network acts as power-on RESET.
2.4.2
RESET Push Button
By pressing the RESET push button on the board, a warm RESET of the microcontroller
is performed.
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Hardware Description
2.5
Features
This section presents the various features such as leds, buttons, etc... available on the
board.
2.5.1
Push-Buttons
„ RESET can be used to apply warm reset to the MCU
„ ISP can be used with RESET to apply hardware conditions resulting in bootloader
start
„ INT0 push-button can be used to activate INT0 input
„ INT1 push-button can be used to activate INT1 input
2.5.2
User Push buttons
„ PB0, PB1, PB2 and PB3 are four push-buttons available for user application
They are made available on a 6 pins socket and in the expansion area so user can use
them according to the application needs.
2.5.3
Indicator LEDs
„ PWR led is driven by input of voltage regulator
„ Rx led is connected to Rx of UART MCU (SP3 jumper can be soldered or not)
„ Tx led is connected to Tx of UART MCU (SP4 jumper can be soldered or not)
„ ALE led is connected to ALE of MCU
2.5.4
User LEDs
„ LED0, LED1, ... LED7 are height leds available for user application
They are made available on a 10 pins socket and in the expansion area so user can use
them according to its application needs.
2.5.5
Ports
Port 0 and Port 2 are made available on two 10 pins sockets to ease user interconnection to the MCU.
The are also available on the expansion area.
2.5.6
Clocks
An external clock can be connected to the board to control externally XTAL1 input clock
of MCU by using the XTAL1 from the expansion area.
In the same way, another external clock can be connected to control externally the PCA
clock (P1.2/ECI).
2.6
Interfaces
2.6.1
TWI
The TWI connector is controlled by hardware TWI I/O of MCU (for Product including this
feature). The signals sda and scl are controlled by the TWI ports of MCU.
This TWI bus is also connected to the expansion area.
External TWI pull-ups are not provided on the AT89STK-11.
2.6.2
SPI
The SPI connector is directly connected to SPI I/O of the MCU.
2.6.3
RS-232
The DB9 connector is connected to on-chip UART peripheral through a standard RS232
driver/receiver. Two leds are provided to indicate activity on Rx and Tx lines (They can
be disconnected removing solder pad SP3 and SP4).
2.6.4
OCD
The On-Chip Debug interface (OCD) is provided on a 6-pin connector.
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AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Hardware Description
This interface enables the debug of the application through ATMEL OCD dongle for
AT89C51RE2/IE2/RD3/IE3 only.
2.6.5
Expansion Area
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
In addition to a 16x29 pad array, two rows of pads are given on the right side of the
board to offer all the MCU signals tu user application. Any application expansion can be
built on board through this interface.
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Hardware Description
2.7
Board Settings
The C51 Demo Board has the following settings:
„ Jumpers
„ Solder straps
„ Test points
2.7.1
Jumpers
The following table provides an overview of the jumpers, the solder straps and their
default configuration.
Table 2-1. Jumpers and Switches Overview
Reference
PCB Label
Function
Default
Jumper J11
J11
RTS of RS232
OFF
Jumper J12
J12
DTR of RS232
OFF
Jumper J13
J13
OFF
Figure 2-3. Jumper Setting Definition
2.7.2
Solder Straps
Solder straps allow to modify the board configuration for specific usage.
Table 2-2. Solder Straps Overview
Reference
PCB Label
Function
Default
Solder strap SP1
SP1
External Power Supply Isolation
Soldered
Solder strap SP2
ICC
Consumption measurement
Soldered
Solder strap SP3
SP3
Rx Led
Soldered
Solder strap SP4
SP4
Tx Led
Soldered
Figure 2-4. Solder Strap Definition
2.7.3
Test Points
Test points are used to check the internal power supply of the microcontroller.
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AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Hardware Description
Table 2-3. Table of Test Points
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Reference
PCB Label
Function
TP1
VCC
Test point for Vcc
TP2,TP3
GND
Test point for GND
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Section 3
ISP Programming
The On-Chip memories and configuration bytes can be programmed using the ISP
mode of the device and Atmel's FLexible In-system Programmer Software (FLIP)
described below.
3.1
Manual ISP Mode
See Section “FLIP Software”, page 12.
3.1.1
Board Configuration
To use ISP mode, the board should be configured as follow:
„ POWER switch (SW1) on “ON” position
„ EA jumper should be open (internal code execution only).
3.1.2
Operating Mode
To enter in ISP mode, press both the RESET and ISP buttons simultaneously.
First release the RESET button and then the ISP button. The device enters in
ISP mode.
3.2
Auto ISP Mode
It allows the host PC application (Atmel Flip software for example) to control the hardware conditions from the serial lines RTS and DTR.
Thus with the Auto ISP mode, the user does not need to push the ISP and RESET
buttons.
3.2.1
Board Configuration
To use Auto ISP mode, put the board in the same configuration as ISP mode and also:
„ Close RTS (J11) jumper
„ Close DTR (J12) jumper
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ISP Programming
3.3
FLIP Software
FLIP software runs on Windows® and Linux® Operating Systems. FLIP supports in-system programming of Flash C51 devices through RS232. The latest version of FLIP
software can be downloaded from the Atmel web site, www.atmel.com.
3.4
Batchisp
Software
Batchisp is an In-System Programming application which can perform the same
operations as FLIP but is designed to be launched from the DOS command window.
The main purpose of batchisp is to automate ISP operations on several parts. It may
also be launched from an IDE like Keil's uVision2 one : you can compile and link your
embedded program, generate the HEX file and download it to the target hardware without leaving the Keil's IDE. This makes embedded software development and test faster.
Autoisp function is an operation which allows to enter in ISP mode without any hardware
handling.This is done thanks to DTR and RTS RS232 signals which can control on the
Board the RST and PSEN I/O of MCU.
3-12
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AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Section 4
Appendix A: Board Layout
Figure 4-1. Board Components View Diagram
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
4-13
7676A–8051–09/06
Appendix B: Bill of Materials
Appendix B: Bill of Materials
4.1
Bill of Materials
Table
Item
1
Q.ty Reference
CD1,CD2,C2,CD3,C3,C4,
Part
Tech. Caracteristics
Package
Manufacturer
100n
50V-10% Ceramic
CASE 0805
PHYCOMP
AVX
CD5,C5,CD6,C6,CD7,C7,C8,
29 C9,C10,C11,C12,C13,C16,
C17,C18,C19,C20,C21,C22,
C23,C24,C25,C26
2
1 C1
1µF
10Vmin ±10%
Case A
3
2 C14,C15
22pF
10Vmin ±10%
EIA/IECQ 3216 PHYCOMP
4
1 D1
Red Led
I=10 mA
Agilent
5
11 D2,D3,D4,D5,D6,D7,D8,D9,
Green Led
I=10 mA
Agilent
SIP2 SOCKET
.
Pitch 2.54mm
Molex
Int.Diam=2.1mm
Int. Diam.
2.1mm
Cliff
D10,D11,D12
6
1 J1
7
1 J2
CONNECTOR JACK PWR
8
1 J3
HEADER 31x2/SM
9
2 J4,J8
HEADER 3X2
BARRETTE SECABLE Pitch 2.54mm
Tyco Elec. / AMP
10
3 J5,J6,J10
HEADER 5X2
BARRETTE SECABLE Pitch 2.54mm
Tyco Elec. / AMP
11
1 J7
CONNECTOR SIP6 RA
.
.
.
12
1 J9
SIP4
.
.
.
Tyco Elec. / AMP
13
3 J11,J12,J13
JUMPER
Pitch 2.54mm
3
JUMPER shunt
Pitch 2.54mm
14
1 P1
SUB-D9 FEMALE
90° with harpoons
15
1 R1
270
1/16W-5% SMD
Case 0603
Multicomp
1K
0.06W, 5%
Case 0603
Multicomp
820
1/16W-5% SMD
Case 0603
Multicomp
10k
0.06W, 5%
Case 0603
Multicomp
PUSH-BUTTON
SMD, rectangular
See DS
ITT Canon
TEST POINT
Through Hole Pad
Hole 1.1mm
Vero
13bis
16
Arwin
Tyco Elec. / AMP
R2,R5,R14,R15,R16,R17,
14 R18,R19,R20,R21,R22,R23,
R24
17
1 R3
18
8 R4,R6,R8,R9,R10,R11,R12,
R13
19
SP1,SP2,SP3,SP4,SP5, SP6,
4 SP7, SP8, SP9, SP10, SP11,
SP12
20
8 SW1,SW2,SW3,SW4,SW5,SW6,
SW7,SW8
21
3 TP1,TP2,TP3
SolderPad
22
1 U1
DF005S
TO269AA
Vishay
23
1 U2
LM317
SOT-223
National
25
1 U6
AT8xC51_PLCC44
25bis
1 U6
AT8xC51_PLCC44
26
2 U7,U8
SIPEX-SP3232ECA
SSOP16
maxim
27
1 U9
74HC125/SO
SOIC
texas
4-14
7676A–8051–09/06
Socket
Ref=SP3232ECA
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Appendix B: Bill of Materials
Item
28
28bis
29
Q.ty Reference
1 Y1
2 Y1
8
R100, R101, R102, R103,
R104, R105, R106, R107
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Part
CRYSTAL
Tech. Caracteristics
HC49
CRYSTAL tulip
4,7K
0.06W, 5%
Package
.
Manufacturer
.
.
.
Case 0603
Multicomp
4-15
7676A–8051–09/06
Appendix C: Board Schematics
Appendix C: Board Schematics
Figure 4-2. AT89STK-11 Schematics (1 of 4)
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7676A–8051–09/06
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Appendix C: Board Schematics
Figure 4-3. AT89STK-11 Schematics (2 of 4)
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
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Appendix C: Board Schematics
Figure 4-4. AT89STK-11 Schematics (3 of 4)
4-18
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AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
Appendix C: Board Schematics
Figure 4-5. AT89STK-11 Schematics (4 of 4)
AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
4-19
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Appendix D: References/Acronyms
Appendix D: References/Acronyms
4.2
References
„ AT89C51RD2/ID2/ED2/RB2/RC2/IC2/RE2/IE2 and AT89C51RD3/IE3 Product
Datasheet.
4.3
Acronyms
„ FLIP: FLexible In-system Programming
„ ISP: In-System programming
„ LPC: Low Pin Count microcontroller
„ HPC: High Pin Count microcontroller (by opposition to LPC)
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AT89STK-11 Hardware User Guide
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