iPhone 4S1
Everything You Need to Know about
the iPhone and iPod Touch
Since the moment the first iPhone was announced in 2007, there hasn’t been a more
talked-about technology product in existence.
The iPhone 4 is the best-selling smartphone
ever. It’s still alive and kicking, and now it’s
joined by the iPhone 4S. While it resembles the
iPhone 4, there are other delights in store: a
dual-core processor, upgraded camera, and
some brand-new voice-command technologies.
And let’s not forget iOS 5, Apple’s next version of its operating system
for the iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad.
That brings us to the subject of this book. Why would Macworld publish
an entire book about devices that are supposed to be so intuitive? It’s a
question I get a lot, even from people at Apple. After all, the company’s
goal is to make incredibly complex technology as simple as possible. And
these devices are easy to use, which is one reason they’re so appealing.
Apple may strive to make the iPhone easy to use, but it’s a device with
an ocean of depth. Our goal is to help you plumb those depths and
uncover more of your device’s hidden potential. In the pages of this
book, we’ll give the basics as well as advanced tips, tricks, and troubleshooting advice.
And for the very latest iPhone coverage, be sure to visit the iOS Central
channel and our App Guide at
—Jason Snell
Editorial Director, Macworld
San Francisco, December 2011
Photograph by Peter Belanger
But make no mistake about it—your iPhone is a computer. It can run
thousands of apps written by independent developers, connect to Wi-Fi
networks, surf the Web, and check your email. You can make a video call
from the palm of your hand; you can even use your voice to give commands, write text messages, and ask probing questions.
Get Started
The iPhone 4S at a Glance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Familiarize yourself with your device’s hardware: every button, switch,
port, and plug.
Activate the iPhone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Register and set up your iPhone and get it synced with your computer.
Change Your Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Set your device’s wallpaper, alert sounds, third-party app preferences,
and more.
Work with iOS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Learn basic gestures, manage your apps with ease, multitask, sync
wirelessly, set up your notifications, and start talking to Siri.
Enter the iCloud. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Sign up with iCloud and store your documents, photos, music, and more
in Apple’s wireless syncing and backup service.
Download More Apps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Master the App Store: Browse offerings, sign up for an account, and buy
and update apps.
Connect and Communicate
Manage Contacts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Import, add, and share contacts on your iPhone.
Use the Phone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77
Master making and managing calls, customize phone settings, and
check voicemail.
Chat with Friends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Chat with your fellow iPhone, iPhone and iPod touch users using
FaceTime and iMessage.
Get Connected. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91
Learn about connecting over Wi-Fi and 3G, Internet hot spots, and
secure networks.
Browse the Web. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Get familiar with mobile Safari; navigate the Web; share, sync, and add
bookmarks; and more.
Check and Send Email. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108
Set up your email accounts, navigate your inbox, organize messages,
and share files.
Navigate with Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Put your iPhone’s screen to use with Maps. Search, view traffic, get
directions, and add bookmarks.
Get Organized . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .130
Use the iPhone’s built-in Calendar, Notes, and Contacts apps to file and
arrange your digital life.
iWork. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Get the skinny on Apple’s productivity apps. Create documents in Pages,
spreadsheets in Numbers, and presentations in Keynote.
Microsoft Office and Google Docs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Work with your Office files and unify your documents in the cloud using
Google Docs.
Sync and Open Files. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Share files with third-party apps. Add and delete documents, import
files to and export them from iWork, and use services like Dropbox and
iCloud to harmonize your files.
Print from the iPhone. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
Print wirelessly using AirPrint, or use one of several third-party printing
Sync and Load. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
Learn the best ways to sync your media using iTunes, make content
iPhone-friendly, and stream from the cloud.
Music. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Take your musical collection for a spin with the Music app. Play music,
make playlists, and create tunes in GarageBand.
Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Watch your movies and TV shows in the Videos app, and make some of
your own with Apple’s iMovie for the iPhone.
Photos and Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200
Take, edit, view, and share photos and videos with the Camera and
Photos apps. Keep your iPhone photos synced with Photo Stream.
Reading on the iPhone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 212
Read a book on your iPhone. Download iBooks and browse the
iBookstore, or take advantage of the many third-party ebook apps in
the App Store.
Games. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .218
Game Center is Apple’s multiplayer gaming service. Connect with other
players online or in your group of friends, battle for high scores, and buy
more games.
Share and Stream. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Project your music, videos, photos, and games on your television and
Troubleshooting Tips
Quick-Fix Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 228
Learn essential tricks for fixing a misbehaving iPhone.
Common Questions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Browse this list of the most common iPhone problems and questions,
and find some handy solutions.
Power Issues. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Learn what to do to squeeze the most life out of your iPhone’s battery
Seek Outside Help. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
When your own expertise isn’t enough, find the folks who can help.
Security Tips. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Secure your device: utilize passcodes, VPNs, and services like MobileMe
to protect your iPhone from potential problems.
Cases. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 248
Keep your device safe from drops, scrapes, and other mishaps with
these cases. Whether you want something stylish, practical, or rugged,
there’s a case here for you.
Headphones. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Get better sound quality, Bluetooth support, and other interesting
features, such as noise-canceling technology, when you invest in a good
pair of third-party headphones.
Speakers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .257
Find the right iPhone speakers for any setup with our recommendations
for every size and budget.
Other Accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Check out an assortment of other important iPhone accessories:
battery packs, car chargers, video cables, and more.
Get Started
Get acquainted with your iPhone 4S: every button,
switch, slot, port, and plug. Once you’ve learned
about the exterior, we’ll walk you through the
process of activating a new iPhone 4S—without
ever needing to go near a computer.
Also, learn how to work with apps, master gestures,
and change settings. Discover all you can do with
Siri, your personal voice assistant, along with Apple’s
free iCloud service and the $25-per-year iTunes
Match. And don’t forget to explore the App Store to
find all manner of third-party apps to fit your needs.
The iPhone 4S
at a Glance
Page 8
Activate the
Page 14
Change Your
Page 21
Work with iOS
Page 40
Enter the iCloud
Page 55
Download More
Page 64
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The iPhone 4S at a Glance
Designed with a minimalist aesthetic, the iPhone 4S eschews a buttonheavy design in favor of simple controls and a slim figure. Here’s a quick
rundown of all the features on the device’s exterior.
A) Receiver
When not relying on headphones or the
built-in speaker, this is where you place
your ear to listen to incoming calls.
B) Front-Facing
This .3-megapixel camera can shoot
video and still images at VGA resolution
(640 by 480 pixels). This camera was
designed primarily for using FaceTime
and snapping quick self-portraits.
C) Touchscreen Display
Like every iPhone model before it, the iPhone 4S has a 3.5-inch touchscreen display, designed for Multi-Touch input. It shares the iPhone 4’s
960-by-640-pixel Retina display, packing 326 pixels per inch into the
space allotted. The display is made from optical-quality glass, which
makes it highly scratch-resistant. It also has an oleophobic (oil-resistant)
coating that makes it easy to wipe off smudges.
D) Home Button
The only physical button on the face of the iPhone 4S, the Home button
provides a variety of shortcuts for accessing apps and iOS features.
Single Press A single press of the Home button can have several
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results, depending on how you’re using your device: Pressing the button
wakes the iPhone from sleep mode, exits the currently-running app to
return you to the home screen, brings you to the first home screen from
a secondary one, and sends you to the iPhone’s Spotlight search mode if
you press it while on the first home screen. (See “Navigation Basics” in
the “Work with Apps” section for more information on Spotlight.)
Single Press and Hold If you press and hold the Home button for at
least two seconds, you’ll activate Siri. (See “Siri” in the “Work with Apps”
section for more information.)
Double Press When the phone is locked or in sleep mode, a double
press of the Home button will wake your device and bring up both the
iPod controls and a shortcut for the Camera app. When you’re on a
home screen or in an app, doing so will bring up the multitasking bar,
showcasing your active apps. (See “Multitask on Your iPhone” in the
“Work with Apps” section for more information on the multitasking bar.)
E) Microphone
The internal microphone is located on the bottom left of the device.
Unless you’re using an external microphone (see the “Accessories”
chapter for more information), you’ll use this mic when making calls,
recording voice memos, talking to Siri, and more.
F) Dock Connector
The iPhone 4S uses Apple’s standard 30-pin dock connector to hook up
with your computer and other accessories. That being said, your iPhone
may not fit or work with all third-party accessories—especially older
ones—thanks to its form factor and power requirements. (See the
“Accessories” chapter for more information.)
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G) Speaker
On the bottom right of the iPhone 4S is a tiny speaker that’s responsible
for projecting speaker-phone calls; music; movies; game noises; and any
other miscellaneous noise. Because your device has just one speaker, it
plays all audio in mono (a single channel).
H) Headphone Jack
The iPhone 4S has a standard 3.5mm
audio jack. Apple includes a pair of
white earbuds that allows you to
listen to audio and speak on a call, but
you can use any set of third-party
headphones instead.
I) On/Off Button
Press the On/Off button to turn off
the device’s screen. You can still take
calls and play music, but the screen
stays blank until a notification comes
in or you wake it by pressing this
button or the Home button. To turn
the device off, hold the On/Off
button down until the screen dims
and the red Slide To Power Off slider
appears. Slide your finger across the
switch, and the iPhone powers down. (To turn your device back on,
press and hold this button again until the Apple logo appears.)
You can also decline or silence calls, alerts, and alarms with the On/Off
button; press it once to silence an incoming alert or call; press it twice in
succession to send the caller to voicemail.
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J) SIM Card Slot
The iPhone 4S is what’s
called a world phone, which
means that it can operate on
multiple cellular frequencies:
both the CDMA network
(used in the United States by
Verizon and Sprint), and the
GSM network (used in the
United States by AT&T).
If you’re subscribed to a
carrier that uses GSM, you’ll
need a micro-SIM card to
identify the iPhone to your
cellular provider; without an
active card, you won’t be
able to access call networks
or cellular Internet, only
If you use a CDMA network, you won’t use a micro-SIM card in the United
States, only when you connect to your network’s GSM partners overseas.
If you bought your iPhone from an Apple Store with a GSM or CDMA
contract, the micro-SIM card should’ve been provided by default, so you
shouldn’t need to fuss about with it.
If you’ve purchased an unlocked phone (one without a contract) and you
want to switch to another GSM-based cellular carrier, or you’re planning
a trip abroad, you can remove the current micro-SIM card with a handy
paperclip. You can see Apple’s full list of supported spectrum bands on
Apple’s iPhone webpage under “Cellular and Wireless.”
K) Back Camera and LED Flash
On the back of the device is the second of two cameras, as well as an
LED flash. The camera sports an 8-megapixel CMOS backside illumination sensor, which snaps pictures at a 3264-by-2448-pixel resolution. (In
real-world terms, that would translate to a high-quality 8-by-10-inch
glossy print.) An attached hybrid IR filter provides better color accuracy,
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while the f/2.4 aperture offers improved low-light performance. The 4S
can also capture 1080p high-definition video at up to 30 frames a
second, with real-time video image stabilization and temporal noise
L) Ring/Silent Switch
The Ring/Silent switch—found on the left side of the
device—does pretty much what you’d suspect: Flick it
backward to silence the phone; flick it forward to activate the ringer. When you switch to Silent mode, you
reveal a small orange stripe on the switch, and your
device vibrates. Silent mode silences only rings and
alerts, however; most games and music apps will continue to make sound through the speaker.
M) Volume Up/Down Buttons
Directly below the Ring/Silent switch is a pair of volume
buttons. Press the plus-sign button (+) to increase
volume and the minus-sign button (–) to decrease
volume. In the Settings app, you can choose whether
these buttons affect only noises from an app, or whether
they control systemwide sounds as well. (See “Sounds”
in the “Change Your Settings” section for more information.)
Your device comes equipped with a
set of earbuds that include a microphone and remote built onto the
right-side cable that can control
volume, change tracks, answer and
end calls, and activate Siri. You can
use these controls to perform a
variety of actions—just by knowing
the right combination of clicks.
Single-Click A single click of the
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center button on the remote pauses or resumes music or video playback; it also answers phone calls, with an additional click to hang up
when you’re finished with the conversation. And, if you have the Camera
app open, you can click once on the Volume Up button to snap a picture.
Single-Click and Hold When you’re receiving an incoming call, a single
click and hold declines it and sends it directly to voicemail; while on a
call, you can do this to switch to a secondary incoming call. Otherwise,
clicking and holding down on the remote will activate Siri.
Double-Click Click twice, and your song skips to the next track.
Triple-Click Triple-click the remote to skip back to the previous track.
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Activate the iPhone
In past years, to activate an iPhone (or any other iOS device), you’d have
to tether it to your Mac or PC and launch iTunes; not so with the iPhone
4S. Instead, you can set things up directly on the device itself—no
computer need ever be involved.
Once you’ve unboxed your iPhone, turn it on by pressing the On/Off
switch. You’re greeted with a welcome screen displaying a slider with
the phrase “Slide to set up” on it; this phrase is animated, and rotates
through a number of languages until you toggle the switch. (If you need
quick access to your device’s IMEI or ICCID number without setting up
the phone, you can tap the information button [represented by a
lowercase i] located directly above the slider.)
Location, Location,
Location If you want
apps to be able to
locate you (to find your
current location in the
Maps app, for instance),
you should turn on
Location Services.
Once you begin the
activation process, you’re
asked to pick your language and country, and
whether you’d like to
enable Location Services.
This allows apps to access
your location via Wi-Fi
networks and your GPS
(Global Positioning
System) location.
Your iPhone will check for
any Wi-Fi networks in the
area for you to connect to;
if there aren’t any, or if
you’d rather use your
cellular service for the
time being, just tap the
Next button.
From here, you can set up
your iPhone 4S as a brandnew phone or, if you’re upgrading from an old iPhone, you can restore
your data from an iCloud or iTunes backup.
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Back Me Up, Scotty You’ll be able to restore
your data from any
iCloud backup you’ve
made, though the most
recent one will be
selected by default.
Tether Me Plug your
device into your
computer to restore
from an iTunes backup.
Get Started
Restore from
iCloud Backup
If you have an iCloud account and
have backed up a previous iPhone
using iCloud’s Backup feature, you
can use this backup to restore
your data to the 4S (though you’ll
need to be on a Wi-Fi network to
do so). To restore your data to the
new phone, sign in to your iCloud
account; agree to Apple’s terms
and conditions; and then choose
which backup file you’d like to use
and tap the blue Restore button
in the top right corner of the
screen. (Depending on the speed
of your Wi-Fi connection, this
process can take anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours.)
Restore from
iTunes Backup
If you tap Restore From iTunes
Backup, you are brought to the
Connect To iTunes screen.
Connect your iPhone to your
computer and open iTunes; after
clicking on your device in the
Source list, you see the Set Up
Your iPhone screen, which asks
whether you’d like to set it up as
a new iPhone or restore from a
specific backup. Choose the
correct backup, and click the Continue button to proceed. This
process is significantly faster than
restoring from iCloud, because
you’re transferring data over USB, not over Wi-Fi.
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Set Up as a New iPhone
If you choose to set the phone up as a new iPhone, the first thing you
have to do is supply an Apple ID, or create one if you don’t have one. If
you’ve ever purchased something from the iTunes Store, you’ll have
already created an Apple ID (it’s usually your primary email address).
Your login information for Apple’s MobileMe or iCloud service should
also work for signing in.
Email Identification Your Apple ID is an
email address: one you
already use, or a new
email you create on the
Use Your Current Apple ID Already have an Apple ID? Tap the Sign In
With An Apple ID button and enter your username (usually your email
address) and password.
Apple will then spend a
few moments linking
your device to your
Apple ID.
Sign Up for a New
Apple ID If you don’t
have an Apple ID, it’s
easy enough to create
one by tapping the
Create A Free Apple ID
button. You need to
enter your birthday,
name, email address (or
create a new iCloud
email address), a
password, a security
question (in case you
forget your password),
and whether you’d like
to receive email updates
from Apple. Once you’ve
entered all your information, you’re asked to read and agree to the terms and conditions, and
Apple will register your Apple ID.
No Apple ID for Me If you’d rather not set up an Apple ID, you can tap
the Skip This Step link in the lower right corner. You can always add or
create one from the Settings app later, but note that you won’t be able
to buy anything from the iTunes Store or set up iCloud until you do.
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Where in the World Enable Find My iPhone,
and if your device gets
misplaced, you can find
it on a map, send it a
message, play a sound,
or remotely erase your
If you’ve set up an Apple
ID, you can also set up
iCloud on your device.
iCloud is an umbrella
term for Apple’s collection of syncing services,
and it allows you to sync
your photos, apps,
contacts, calendars, and
mail across multiple
devices. (Read more
about iCloud in the
“Included Apple Apps
and the Cloud” section.)
Choose to set up iCloud,
and you’re first asked
whether you’d like to
enable iCloud backups
for your iPhone. When
you do so, you can have
your device back up all
essential settings to your
iCloud account; if you ever need to restore, you can do so over Wi-Fi
without the help of a computer. You can also elect to back up to your
computer, instead.
Additionally, you’re asked whether you’d like to opt in to iCloud’s Find
My iPhone service. This enables location monitoring for your device,
allowing you to find it by using your Apple ID and the Find My iPhone
app, should it go missing.
Set Up Siri
One of the iPhone 4S’s key features is access to Apple’s personal voice
assistant, Siri. If you want to take advantage of Siri, you can enable it on
the Siri screen.
Chapter 1
Start Your Engines Tap the Start Using
iPhone button to
complete the setup
process and start
exploring the home
Get Started
Once you finish the
setup process, you’re
asked if you’d like to
send Apple anonymous
diagnostics and usage
information (similar to a
desktop crash report).
If it’s your first time
setting up the device,
you may also be asked
if you’d like to register
it with Apple, using your
Apple ID. After that,
your iPhone is all set
and ready for you to
begin using it.
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Status Symbols
Like a Mac, the menu bar on your iPhone 4S displays a number of status
icons, each of which represent various settings and connections in
shorthand. Here’s a quick rundown that explains what each icon actually
Signal Strength These bars reflect the network and voice
signal in your area. They fluctuate between one bar (little to
no service) and five.
Carrier and Network Type Your cellular carrier (in the United
States, that’s AT&T, Verizon, or Sprint) will show up next to the
signal-strength bars; next to this, an icon will display to indicate the kind
of data connection you’re receiving: 3G/EV-DO, EDGE, or, in limited
connection areas, GPRS (General Packet Radio Service). These are
represented by the 3G, E, and O icons, respectively.
Airplane Mode If you turn on Airplane Mode in the Settings
app, your phone will disable all phone, Internet, and Bluetooth
connections and display this icon. While in Airplane Mode, you
can still use Wi-Fi. (See the “Change Your Settings” section for more
information on Airplane Mode.)
Wi-Fi Strength If you’re connected to a Wi-Fi network, the
Wi-Fi strength indicator appears in place of the network-type
icon. The stronger the signal, the larger the array of bars.
Call Forwarding If you’ve turned on Call Forwarding in the
Settings app, this icon appears to the right of the icon that
indicates your network type or Wi-Fi signal strength.
VPN If you’re connected to a virtual private network (VPN),
this icon appears. (See the “Change Your Settings” section for
more information about setting up a VPN.)
Processing Icon This icon appears whenever your device is
processing any sort of request over a data connection (loading
a Web page, sending email, and so forth).
Wi-Fi Sync When syncing your device to your computer over
iTunes Wi-Fi Sync, this icon appears.
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Status Symbols continued
Clock and Lock When your iPhone is unlocked, the current time
appears in the center of the menu bar; when locked, the time is
replaced by a padlock icon.
Orientation Lock This icon lets you know if your device has
been locked in portrait orientation (done by double-pressing
the Home button to bring up the multitasking bar, swiping to
the right along it to bring up extra multitasking controls, and
tapping the Orientation Lock/Unlock button).
Location Services When an application or system service is
using your location, this arrow appears in the menu bar. (You can
turn it off by going to Settings -> Location Services -> System
Services and tapping the toggle next to Status Bar Icon.)
Play Button If you’re playing an audio track in iTunes, this triangle
appears. If your music is paused, no icon displays.
Alarm Clock When you have an alarm set in the Clock app, you
see this icon in the menu bar.
TTY If you have turned on TTY (teletypewriter) in the Settings
app, this symbol appears in the menu bar. (See “Phone” in the
“Change Your Settings” section for more information on TTY.)
Bluetooth Turn on Bluetooth, and you see this icon. By default,
the symbol is gray, but if you make a Bluetooth connection, it
turns white.
AirPlay Mirroring If you’re mirroring your iPhone 4S display on
your television, you get this icon. Additionally, your menu bar
turns blue.
Battery Status Located in the far right corner of the menu
bar, the battery-status icon shows how much charge your
device has left. If you’re charging the battery, you see a small lightning
bolt. Once it’s charged, you’ll see a plug symbol.
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Change Your Settings
Many iOS apps don’t let you set individual preferences in the apps
themselves, as you can in applications in Mac OS X. Instead, you access
these options from the Settings app. This is also where you can change
systemwide settings, such as sounds and your choice of wallpaper.
Because this app does so much, it’s by far the most crowded space on
your device—there are several menus on the main screen in addition to
entries for third-party apps. It can get pretty confusing, pretty fast—so
let’s slow down and take a look at each preference.
Airplane Mode
In the Air Turn off your
cellular signal with
Airplane Mode.
If you travel frequently, Airplane Mode is a necessity: It temporarily switches off the cellular antenna, Wi-Fi, and Bluetooth, which the FAA requires
you to do during air travel. This allows you to safely use your device in the
air once the captain gives the all-clear. Airplane Mode is additionally useful
for when you want to conserve your battery life, or for when you’d rather
not be disturbed by the Internet or phone conversations. When enabled,
an airplane icon will replace the status bars in the upper left corner of
your screen, and your
Phone settings will be
grayed out and inaccessible.
Even in Airplane Mode,
you can surf the Web if
you’re on a plane that’s
equipped with Wi-Fi; just
reenable Wi-Fi from the
Settings app. (Bluetooth
and VPN connections can
also be individually
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Immediately below Airplane Mode, the Wi-Fi menu displays your current
connection status (Off, Not Connected, or a network name). Tap the
menu to access the Wi-Fi Networks screen. From here, you can turn
Wi-Fi on or off, join an available network, and set whether your device
should alert you to available networks while you’re out and about.
If you have Wi-Fi turned on,
you get a list of available
networks under the Choose
A Network heading. If you’re
currently connected to a
Wi-Fi network, that network’s name appears in blue
and has a checkmark to the
left. The bars by a network
indicate its signal strength,
and a lock icon means the
network requires a password.
Tapping the blue arrow to the
far right of a network’s name
brings up its advanced
connection information. To
join an unlisted network, tap
Other and enter an exact
network name.
Wi-Finder Connect to
a wireless network with
the Wi-Fi setting.
A notification is an alert from one of your apps letting you know an
event has occurred (for example, that you have a new instant message
or that it’s your turn in a game). These notifications can take the form of
audio alerts, badges on the app’s icon, pop-up alerts, or banners (lessinvasive alerts that display briefly atop your screen). You can view all
your recent alerts in Notification Center by swiping down from the top
of the screen. Within the Notifications preferences screen, you can
define how Notification Center sorts apps (Manually or By Time), and
per-app alert behaviors.
For individual apps, you can choose whether an app’s notifications
should appear in Notification Center at all; how many current and past
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alerts will be displayed there
(up to ten items); the alert’s
style (no alert, banner, or
badge); whether the app
should use an icon badge to
count the number of alerts;
whether the alert should
show a preview of the
information; how often to
repeat the alert (up to ten
times, at two-minute intervals); whether it should play a
sound; and whether an app’s
alerts should appear on your
lock screen or not.
Set to Notify Choose
which apps send you
notifications in this
settings screen.
Location Services
Diversify Location You can choose which
system functions have
location privileges.
Apple’s iOS allows apps to use your location to do nifty things, like find
directions, orient yourself, and geotag photos. You may prefer, however,
to exclude some—or all!—of your apps, or disable apps from accessing
specific services. To do so,
tap the Location Services
Here, you can enable or
disable Location Services
globally, disable specific apps,
disable certain types of
location information within
the System Services submenu
(Cell Network Search, Compass Calibration, Diagnostics
& Usage, Location-Based
iAds, Setting Time Zone, or
Traffic), and enable or disable
the Location status bar icon.
Within this menu, you can
also discover which apps have
been recently using your
information: If the app has a
purple arrow next to it, the
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app is currently accessing your location; if the icon is gray, the app has
accessed your location in the last 24 hours.
You can set your device’s sounds, ringer, alerts, and more in the Sounds
menu. Choose whether your iPhone vibrates when it’s in Silent mode;
set the volume of the ringer and alerts, and whether that should be
adjusted when you adjust the master volume on the device via the
volume buttons; and choose your alert settings.
When your ringer is on (the iPhone’s Ring/Silent switch flipped forward,
with no orange strip showing), you have a variety of tone options for your
alerts. Choose whether you’d like your device to vibrate as well as ring;
select tones for phone calls, text messages, voicemails, new mail messages, sent mail messages, tweets, calendar alerts, and reminder alerts;
and decide whether you’d like to enable the Lock Sounds and Keyboard
Clicks options. You can add custom ringtones for any alert mentioned,
either via your computer or by buying tones from the iTunes app.
By default, the brightness of your device’s screen will adjust automatically by using several sensors to detect light patterns. You can turn this
feature off to conserve battery power, however, and manually choose a
brightness level by moving the brightness slider to the left or right
within this preference screen.
Walled Up You can
select custom wallpaper
for both your home and
lock screens.
You can personalize your
phone’s screen with photos
from your photo library or
camera roll, or with one of
Apple’s stock wallpaper
images. You see the image
on the lock screen whenever
the device is locked or you
get a call from a contact with
no associated photo; the
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wallpaper for your home screen displays behind your apps.
As its name suggests, the General section covers all basic settings on
your device. From here you can set the date and time, add a numeric
passcode, enable Bluetooth and pair Bluetooth devices, control your
network settings, restrict access to certain features, and more.
About Within the About screen, you can view and change your device’s
name; see general information like the device’s cellular network, capacity, and version number; choose whether to automatically send diagnostics and usage data to Apple (and view any diagnostics and usage data
sent); and view legal and regulatory information.
Software Update Your device allows you to update iOS over the air
when a new version is available; tap the Software Update submenu to do
so. (Make sure you’ve backed up your device to iCloud or a computer,
just in case.)
Info Check See
storage information,
cellular data, and app
breakdowns in the
Usage screen.
Usage If you’re curious
about how much space
your apps are using, or how
many megabytes of data
you’ve burned through, tap
the Usage submenu. You’ll
see how much space you
have available and how
much you’ve used; a
per-app available-space
breakdown (with an option
to delete any app); a
breakdown of your iCloud
storage; a toggle for
enabling battery percentage in the status bar; the
time since your device’s last
full charge; and a Cellular
Usage submenu that lists
Call Time and Cellular
Network Data information,
and offers a way to reset
Chapter 1
Beam Me Up, Siri Alter
language, voice
feedback, and your
information on the Siri
Get Started
your usage and data statistics.
Siri To enable or disable
your iPhone’s personal voice
assistant, visit the Siri
submenu. You can turn Siri
on or off from this menu,
and switch the language—
and with it, Siri’s speaking
voice—to one of the following: English (U.S., U.K., and
Australian accents supported), French, or German. It’s
also possible to alter voice
feedback: You can tell Siri to
speak aloud only when
you’re in hands-free mode,
or always; you can also set
your information, so that it
can identify you, and whether you’d like to enable Raise
To Speak, which lets you talk to Siri by holding the phone up to your ear.
If you disable Siri, you’ll be able to access Apple’s offline Voice Control
system by pressing and holding on the Home button.
Network Within the Network submenu, you can turn off cellular data;
enable data roaming for when you’re out of the country; or set up your
own hotspot, a VPN, or Wi-Fi.
If you want to share your device’s Internet connection with other
devices, you can do so by using Personal Hotspot. Note that this option
is not supported by every carrier, and most that do offer it require that
you purchase an additional data plan, so you may not have access to this
feature. When enabled, the Personal Hotspot turns your iPhone into a
password-protected hotspot that multiple devices can connect to.
Like VPN, this option will show up in the main Settings menu once
you’ve gone into Network -> Personal Hotspot and entered the correct
settings. Once you’ve done so, you can tap the Personal Hotspot menu
to turn the option on or off; change your Wi-Fi password; and read some
information about how to connect external devices to your iPhone’s
network via Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, or USB.
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A VPN (virtual private network) allows you to securely connect to the
Internet via a proxy network. It’s mainly used by businesses that need to
provide its employees with a secure connection to their intranet (private
internal server network), though it’s become popular in recent years
among security-conscious individuals.
If you have one configuration set up, the VPN menu displays your
current connection status with an on/off toggle. If you have multiple
entries, the VPN shows Not Connected or Connected; tap the menu to
access the VPN screen. On this screen, you can enable or disable the
VPN by tapping the toggle, choose an active configuration, edit or delete
a VPN by tapping on the blue arrow to the far right of its name, or add a
new configuration. As with a Wi-Fi configuration, if you’re currently
connected to a VPN, that configuration’s name appears in blue and has a
checkmark to the left of it.
To add a configuration, you need to know what kind of system your VPN
uses—L2TP (Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol), PPTP (Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol), or IPsec (Internet Protocol security)—and some information about the server, user, and password. (Contact your system administrator or the person
supplying your VPN if
you’re unsure what to do.)
Bluetooth In the Bluetooth screen, you can turn
your device’s Bluetooth
antenna on or off, see a
list of devices you’ve
connected to in the past
and whether they’re
available, connect to new
devices, or unpair your
phone from devices
you’ve connected to
Wi-Fi Sync You can
set up wireless syncing
by connecting your
iPhone to iTunes.
iTunes Wi-Fi Sync When
enabled, iTunes Wi-Fi Sync
allows you to sync your
device to your computer
over a Wi-Fi connection
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(see “Sync Wirelessly” in the “Work with iOS” section for more
information on turning on Wi-Fi Sync). Your iPhone automatically syncs
to your computer once a day when plugged into power and connected to
the same network. You can force a sync at any time—whether your device
is plugged in or on battery power—by tapping the Sync Now button on
this screen; below this, you can see which computer(s) your iPhone is
synced to and when you performed your last sync.
Spotlight Search Choose the Spotlight Search submenu to select the
information that shows up in a Spotlight search on your device, and the
order it appears in. Tap an entry to enable or disable it within Spotlight,
and tap and drag on the right-side handles to reorganize the way you
see your search results.
Auto-Lock After periods of inactivity, your device will go to sleep; to
use it again, you must wake it by pressing the Home or On/Off button.
Tap the Auto-Lock submenu to choose how much time passes before
your iPhone goes to sleep: from one to five minutes, or never.
Enter Password To
lock your phone with a
passcode, enable the
Passcode Lock feature.
Passcode Lock You can assign a four-digit passcode to your iPhone so
that no one can use it without entering that passcode. Tap this entry and
select Turn Passcode On to bring up the Set Passcode screen. Use the
numeric keyboard to
enter and verify a passcode. Once you’ve
entered a code twice, you
have the option to turn it
off; change it; and set
whether your device
requires a passcode
immediately or after a
period of inactivity (after
one minute, five minutes,
15 minutes, or one hour).
If you want more security
than just a four-digit
passcode, turn off the
Simple Passcode setting
and enter any password
you like, including numbers, letters, or special
characters. You can
additionally choose
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whether the Siri feature is accessible when your phone is locked, and
whether the device should erase your data after ten failed attempts to
enter the passcode.
Restrictions Say your kids want to play a game on your phone, but
you’re worried their fingertips may travel to places they shouldn’t. Not to
worry: You can lock certain features away from other users of your
device by way of the Restrictions screen. After setting a passcode, you
can choose whether to allow access to certain apps, such as Safari,
YouTube, Camera, FaceTime, and iTunes, as well as to certain app
features, such as the iTunes app’s social network Ping. You can also
restrict a user’s ability to install or delete apps; enable Siri (and also
enable or disable Siri’s comprehension of explicit language—if you swear
with explicit language turned off, Siri bleeps your response and refuses
to answer your query).
You can also restrict changes to location settings and Mail accounts;
certain content (specifically rated music, podcasts, movies, TV shows,
and apps); in-app purchases (and whether iOS should prompt you for
your password on subsequent purchases immediately or after 15
minutes); and Game Center multiplayer games or adding friends on the
Date & Time Set the date and time within this screen: Choose whether
to display 24-hour time and whether to set the date and time automatically or manually. (If you choose to set the date and time yourself, you’re
prompted to enter the time zone you want your device to display, as well
as the date and time.)
Keyboard iOS offers several intelligent typing options: Auto-Capitalization, Auto-Correction, Check Spelling, Enable Caps Lock, and the “.”
Shortcut (tap the spacebar twice, and you’ll insert a period followed by a
space). You can also add extra keyboards in international languages, or
add custom keyboard shortcuts (for example, having omw automatically
expand to “On my way!”). If you want your iPhone to recognize specific
words, you can also add these to the shortcuts list.
International Choose the International submenu to set your device’s
language, the voices that Voice Dialing and Siri use, which keyboards
you’d like to use, and your device’s region format and calendar.
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Many accessibility options are available to aid people with visual, aural,
and mobility impairments, which can be adjusted within this submenu.
The screen is broken up into three sections: Vision, Hearing, and Physical
& Motor.
VoiceOver The first option within the Vision section, VoiceOver, is a
system that allows people with visual impairments to navigate the
touchscreen of an iOS device. Switch it on and your iOS device will speak
to you, telling you what you’re touching as you touch it. The VoiceOver
screen includes multiple functions: The first, Speak Hints, is an on/off
option; when on, VoiceOver will provide some additional detail on how to
use a button or feature you’ve selected. The slider below allows you to
adjust the speaking rate of the VoiceOver voice.
The Typing Feedback option within the VoiceOver screen is where you
determine how the device indicates what you’ve typed. You can choose
to have the typed characters, words, or words and characters spoken to
you on either or both a software and hardware keyboard. Below this
item are three on/off options—Use Phonetics, Use Pitch Change, and
Use Compact Voice. Each determines the character of the spoken voice.
Vision These Accessibility settings have to
do with vision impairments.
In addition to support for
Contracted Braille and the
Status Cell option, you can
also hook up eight-dot
Braille devices. The Rotor
command includes a
number of functions that
you can control with the
Rotor gesture. For example, you can adjust speech
rate, volume, hints, and
vertical navigation. You
can also choose different
feedback when navigating
images with VoiceOver—
Always, With Descriptions,
and Never. Finally, you can
elect that the device speak
notifications as they’re
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Zoom This option allows you to zoom the screen by double-tapping
with three fingers. To zoom out, use this same gesture. To move around
a zoomed screen, drag three fingers.
Large Text This option allows you to choose a larger text size for
Calendar, Contacts, Mail, Messages, and Notes, ranging from 20-point to
56-point text.
White on Black Similar to OS X’s White On Black Accessibility feature,
you can use the White On Black toggle to invert the iOS device’s screen
colors, making it easier for some with visual impairments to see.
Speak Selection This option allows you to select on-screen text via the
usual method and then tap a Speak button to hear the text spoken.
Speak Auto-Text The last Vision option will speak any autocorrected
and autocapitalized text. This is helpful to those who not only have visual
impairments, but also to people who don’t pay strict enough attention to
a device’s desire to substitute words when it detects alleged mistakes.
Physical & Motor These Accessibility
settings have to do with
hearing impairments.
Custom Vibrations This
option allows you to
assign a unique vibration
pattern to a contact. This
way, when your iPhone
vibrates in a pattern
similar to the opening bars
of Beethoven’s Fifth
Symphony (termed the
Symphony pattern), you
know it’s Ludwig calling. In
addition to the five
included vibration patterns, you can create your
own. Just choose to edit a
contact within the Phone
app, and tap the Vibration
entry. In the Vibration
screen that appears,
select Create New
Vibration. In the New
Vibration screen, tap out
the rhythm to “Shave and
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a Haircut” or “Jingle Bells” or “Louie Louie,” if you like. Tap Play to check
your work, tap Save, and then name the pattern. Select it in the Custom
area of the Vibration window, and tap Done in the top left corner to
attach it to your contact. You can also change the device’s default
vibration to a custom vibration.
LED Flash for Alerts This option causes your phone’s camera flash to
blink when you receive an alert for an incoming text message, push
notification, or call.
Mono Audio This option alters a stereo signal through the headphone
port so that both sides of the stereo stream are broadcast through each
earpiece; if you can hear better in one ear than in your other, you can
make one channel of the stereo signal louder than the other by adjusting
the Balance Control slider.
Assistive Touch If you have difficulty correctly touching items on the
device’s screen, Assistive Touch, the first option in the Physical & Motor
section, is for you. Switch it on, and a targetlike icon appears on the
screen. Tap it, and a gray overlay window appears from which you can
select Gestures, Device, Home, and Favorites icons. Tap Gestures and
you can choose to control your device with two to five fingers—helpful
when you have little finger dexterity. Tap Device, and such common
button commands as Mute, Rotate Screen, Lock Screen, Volume Up,
Volume Down, and Shake appear on screen. Tap the command you want
to invoke. Tap the virtual Home button to be taken to the home screen.
Tap the Favorites icon to access gestures you’ve created. You create
these gestures by enabling AssistiveTouch and then tapping the Create
New Gesture entry at the bottom of the screen. In the screen that
appears, use up to five fingers to draw a gesture. You can then activate
one of these gestures from the Favorites AssistiveTouch menu.
Incoming Calls This option lets you choose how incoming calls will be
routed—Default (headset if one is connected, or the speaker), Headset,
or Speaker.
Triple-Click Home This option, aimed at those who will use the device’s
accessibility features, allows you to configure what a triple-click of the
Home button does. The options include Off, Toggle VoiceOver, Toggle
White On Black, Toggle Zoom, Toggle AssistiveTouch, and Ask.
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If you’ve installed any configuration or provisioning profiles on your
device, you see them here. (This feature is primarily for developers
testing beta software, and for WebClip functionality.)
If something’s gone wrong on your device, you can tap the Reset submenu and wipe things clean. You can choose Reset All Settings, which
brings your iPhone back to its factory defaults; Erase All Content And
Settings, which deletes everything off your device and makes it like new;
Reset Network Settings, which gets rid of any saved Wi-Fi networks and
passwords; Reset Keyboard Dictionary; Reset Home Screen Layout; and
Reset Location Warnings.
Set Up the Cloud Log
in to iCloud and, in this
settings screen, choose
what you’d like your
device to sync with.
Apple offers full integration between your device and its mobile sync and
backup service, iCloud. The iCloud settings screen lets you control the
various aspects of the service.
Sign in to your iCloud account
(or create one for free); from
there, you can view your
account information, view your
storage information or buy a
storage upgrade, or customize
your Mail settings; choose
whether to enable or disable
iCloud syncing with Mail,
Contacts, Calendars, Reminders, Bookmarks, Notes, Photo
Stream (which stores the last
1000 photos you’ve taken),
Documents & Data, and Find
My iPhone; adjust your Storage
& Backup options; and delete
your account from your device,
if necessary. (See the “Enter
the iCloud” section for more
information on iCloud.)
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Mail, Contacts, Calendars
As its name suggests, this screen provides options for tweaking settings
related to the Mail, Contacts, and Calendar apps, as well as the Reminders app. The screen is divided up into five categories: Accounts, Mail,
Contacts, Calendars, and Reminders.
Accounts This section displays all your accounts, and provides you with
options to modify them or add new ones. To view or modify a current
account, tap it. The first entry you see is an Account submenu, where
you can adjust your username, password, email address, description, and
server information; in addition, depending on the type of account you
have (POP, IMAP, Exchange, or iCloud), you can choose the apps you
want it to sync with—Mail, Contacts, Calendars, and Notes are default
options, with iCloud also able to sync Reminders, Bookmarks, Photos,
and Documents—and adjust any other options.
Mail Settings Add new
Mail accounts and
choose how you want
them displayed in this
To add a new account, tap the Add Account submenu. If you have a
certain kind of account (iCloud, Microsoft Exchange, Gmail, Yahoo, Aol,
Hotmail, or MobileMe),
you may be able to set
things up with just your
username and password; your device uses
that information to
supply the correct
server information.
Otherwise, tap Other to
configure a custom
account. In the Other
submenu, you can
choose between adding
a POP or IMAP mail
account; an LDAP or
CardDAV account for
contacts; or a CalDAV or
Subscribed Calendar for
Below the list of accounts, you see a
submenu called Fetch
New Data. Here, you can
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choose how often your device checks your account’s servers for new
mail, contact, and calendar information. If you have a push-enabled
account, you can enable the Push option to receive data as soon as the
server receives it; otherwise, you can rely on data fetching at timed
intervals: every 15 minutes, every 30 minutes, hourly, or manually (only
when you open the app in question and tell it to check for new information). If you have multiple accounts, an Advanced submenu allows you to
determine which accounts should push, which should fetch at timed
intervals, and which should be on a manual schedule.
Mail There are several options available for customization within this
section: Choose how many messages to show in a mailbox (from the 50
to 1000 most recent); how many lines of each message appears as a
preview within your inbox (from none to as many as 5 lines); the minimum font size (Small, Medium, Large, Extra Large, or Giant); whether to
show the To/Cc label, ask before deleting, load remote images, organize
by thread, always Bcc yourself, or increase the quote level when replying
to messages; what kind of signature (if any) you’d like to add to your
messages; and the default account when creating new email messages.
Contacts This section primarily deals with the display and sorting of
your contacts: Sort and display by first name, last name—or vice versa;
identify your own contact card; and (if you have multiple accounts)
choose a default account for contacts to be added to. If you’re switching
to the iPhone from another SIM-based phone, and you’ve stored contacts on that SIM, you can also import contacts off the card.
Calendars In the Calendars section, you can turn new invitation alerts
on or off; choose how many months’ worth of events to sync (two
weeks back, one month back, three months back, six months back, or all
events); enable or disable time zone support, which will keep events in
their original time zone, rather than display according to the time zone
you’re currently in; set default alert times for birthdays, events, and
all-day events (ranging from no alert to two days before); and choose a
default calendar to add new events to.
Reminders Choose how far back you’d like your reminders to sync (two
weeks back, one month back, three months back, six months back, or all
reminders), and what list you’d like to add reminders to by default.
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Tweeting Add your
Twitter account(s) to
this screen to enable
tweeting in the Photos
and Maps apps, and
The Twitter screen allows
you to easily install the
official Twitter app (if you
haven’t done so already),
add your own account(s)
for full iOS integration,
link any contact cards
with their Twitter accounts, and allow or deny
individual apps access to
your Twitter information.
Though it can do many things, your iPhone 4S is, at its core, a cellular
telephone. The Phone screen allows you to adjust your call settings and
access your carrier’s services. You can view your mobile number in the
My Number submenu; adjust settings for Call Forwarding, Call Waiting,
Caller ID, and TTY (teletypewriter, allowing people with hearing or
speech impairments to connect special equipment to their devices and
communicate through text or intermediary operators); change your
voicemail password or SIM pin (if applicable); enable or disable International Assist (which will automatically add the proper numerical prefix
for international phone numbers); and access your carrier’s Services
through a submenu. The Carrier Services screen offers a list of numbers
to dial to check your account balance, pay your bill, and more; it also
provides a link to your carrier’s online account portal.
To use Apple’s video-chat feature, FaceTime, you first have to enable it
from the FaceTime screen in Settings. Here, you can log in to FaceTime
by entering your Apple ID or iCloud account info. Once logged in, you
can tap the Apple ID button to change your location, view your account,
or sign out. You can also add other email addresses you’d like people to
be able to reach you at. If you have multiple addresses, you can choose
which one you’d like your caller ID to display when you’re calling others.
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If you want to customize Apple’s default mobile browser, you must use
the Safari screen, which is split up into three sections: General, Privacy,
and Security.
General In the General section, you can select which search engine you’d
like to use by default in the search field (Google, Yahoo, or Bing). In
addition, you can decide whether to use Safari’s AutoFill feature, which
automatically loads relevant data into forms by referencing a contact card.
Within the AutoFill submenu, you can choose which contact card to use
and whether to save usernames and passwords; in the same submenu,
you can tap the Clear All button to get rid of all saved AutoFill data. Safari
also wants to know what it should do when you tap links on a page: Should
those websites open in a new window and automatically bring it to the
foreground, or open in a new window in the background?
Surf Safari Change
your default search
engine, add AutoFill,
change link behavior,
and tweak your privacy
settings for browsing
within the Safari screen.
Privacy In this section, you can choose whether to turn on private
browsing (which disables your browsing history while you explore the
Web) or accept cookies from websites (never, from websites you’ve
visited, or always); you can
also clear your history,
cookies, and data.
Security Your browsing
data should stay your
own, and these settings
attempt to help you
achieve that. Choose
whether to be alerted
with a fraud warning
when you visit potentially
fraudulent websites, and
whether you’d like to
enable JavaScript or block
pop-up windows. The
Advanced submenu allows
you to see which websites
are storing information on
your device (and how
much space that information taking up); you can
delete an individual
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website’s data by swiping on any entry, or delete all stored information
by tapping the Remove All Website Data button. If you’re a Web developer, you may want to enable the Debug Console option within the
Advanced screen.
Message Me Alter your
Messages app preferences in this screen.
To send a text message or
iMessage, you use the
Messages app; to adjust
its settings, you enter the
Messages screen in
Settings. Here, you can
enable or disable iMessage (which allows iOS
users to send text, photo,
and video messages to
one another over Wi-Fi or
a cellular data network);
turn on read receipts
(which allows the person
you’re messaging to see
when you’ve read their
texts); force your message to fall back to SMS if
it cannot initially send an iMessage by enabling the Send As SMS toggle;
and choose the addresses where iMessages can reach you (like FaceTime, your phone number will be the default, but you can also add email
addresses and choose which one will show up as Caller ID). There’s also
an SMS/MMS section, which offers on/off toggles for MMS messaging,
Group Messaging (if MMS is enabled), Show Subject Field, and Character
The Music preference screen offers customization for volume limits,
Home Sharing access, and more. Most of the options available are
toggles. If you flip on the iTunes Match switch, you’ll turn on Apple’s $25/
year cloud music service, which—if you’ve signed up for it on your
computer—lets you download any music from your stored Match library
on up to ten of your devices. When iTunes Match is turned on, there’s
also a Show All Music option: Turn it off to see only the songs you’ve
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downloaded to your device, rather than your entire server-stored library.
There are also toggles that enable the Shake To Shuffle, Sound Check,
Lyrics & Podcast Info, and Group By Album Artist options, as well as two
submenus that allow you to select equalizer settings and volume limits,
respectively. The last entry in the preference screen deals with iTunes
Home Sharing; enter your Apple ID and password here to access any
content from a Home Sharing–enabled computer on your network.
The Videos screen offers controls for where your videos start playing
(always from the beginning, or from where you last left off); whether to
turn on closed captioning, and whether you’d like to enable Home
In the Photos screen, you can adjust both sharing and slideshow preferences. There’s a toggle to enable or disable Photo Stream, which
automatically syncs the last 1000 photos you’ve taken to all your devices. In addition, there are options for how long you’d like to play a slide
in a slideshow (from two to 20 seconds), and whether you’d like slides
to repeat or shuffle. You can also choose whether, after taking a picture
with HDR (high dynamic range) enabled, you want to keep both copies
of the photos, or just the HDR version.
Choose from one of three fonts to use in the Notes app (Noteworthy,
Helvetica, or Marker Felt), and which account (if you have more than
one) they should save to by default.
The Store settings screen deals with the account you use for App Store
and iTunes Store purchases; whether you’d like to automatically download new purchases (music, apps, and books) to your device; and whether you want to download purchases only over Wi-Fi, or over both Wi-Fi
and a cellular network. You can also control which Newsstand publications download automatically over Wi-Fi.
Chapter 1
Get Started
Work with iOS
Now that you have your iPhone 4S set up, it’s time to turn it on and
explore. Your device is running Apple’s mobile operating system, iOS,
which uses a variety of finger-based Multi-Touch gestures to help you
navigate. In addition, it comes with some great apps—programs that you
can run on your mobile device—to make your life easier and more
productive. But before you start playing around, you’ll want to know the
basics of working with iOS and your apps, and what they can (and can’t)
do. We’ll show you some basic gestures; help you get the hang of
navigating the home screen, multitasking, and working with notifications; offer some tips and tricks; and introduce you to your new voice
assistant, Siri.
Gestures and Techniques
If you’ve never before owned a Multi-Touch device from Apple, you may
be unfamiliar with phrases like pinch to zoom and the difference between flick and swipe. Have no fear: Although some of these gestures
may have odd names, they’re easy enough to pick up.
Tap As clicking is to a desktop computer, so is tapping to
an iOS device. Tapping is the most common and basic
gesture: You tap to open apps, bring up controls, make
choices from menus, and more.
Double-Tap Tap an object twice in succession
to effect a double-tap. Double-taps are primarily used for zooming in or out on text, but third-party apps
also use the double-tap for various purposes.
Tap, Hold, and Drag For some functions‚ such as highlighting text, copying and pasting, and deleting and moving apps‚ you need to
tap and hold down on the screen. When you
do this on a piece of text, it highlights in
blue, and editing handles—vertical lines with
blue dots—appear on either side of the
highlighted area. You can tap, hold, and,
while holding down, drag your finger to
increase or decrease the selection. Dragging
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Get Started
also comes into play for moving objects in apps, drawing, and swiping
and flicking.
Flick and Swipe Drag your finger across
the screen—up, down, left, or right—to
swipe. Swiping is one of your primary
navigational tools: You use a left or right
swipe to move through home screens or
images in the Photos app; you use an up or
down swipe to read text in Safari, iBooks,
Newsstand, or elsewhere. It’s one of the
easiest gestures to learn. A flick is just like a
swipe, only faster: Your device supports inertial scrolling, which means
that the faster or slower you move your finger, the faster or slower
content will move. If you want to get to the bottom of a page quickly,
just flick your finger upward in a fast motion.
One note of caution: All flicking and swiping on your device is inverse,
meaning that when you move your finger down (in other words, swipe
down), you’re actually moving the content on the screen upward. While
this makes perfect sense in the real world, it can still be a bit disorienting
at first. Why make the clarification? In this book, we refer several times
to “swiping right” to bring up a navigational bar from the left—which can
be confusing to parse if you don’t know about inverse gestures.
them together.
Pinch To zoom in or out, use the pinch gesture (also
referred to as a pinch-to-zoom gesture). To zoom in
or to open something, place your thumb and index
finger, pinched together, on screen and spread them
apart. To zoom out, do the reverse: Start with your
thumb and index finger further apart, and then pinch
Rotate You can even rotate some elements with two or
more fingers. Just place two fingers on screen and make
a circular gesture‚ clockwise or counterclockwise.
Navigation Basics
Now that you’ve taken your first step into the iOS world of Multi-Touch
gestures, it’s time to learn how to navigate your device. We’ll go over
where your apps are stored, as well as how to organize them, search for
Chapter 1
Welcome Home When
you first unlock your
iPhone, you’re greeted
with your home screen.
Get Started
them, and delete them.
The Home Screen When
you first turn on your
device, you’re brought to
the home screen. Here,
you see an assortment of
icons grouped into rows,
and several more icons
grouped in the silver Dock
along the bottom of the
screen. The home screen is
where your apps live, and
where you can launch
them. Because only 16
apps fit on one home
screen, you can have
multiple home screens for
organizing your apps (up
to nine). Above the Dock
are dots (the default
number is two), with one
highlighted in white; these dots signify the number of home screens you
have. Swipe left or right to go from screen to screen.
The Dock The silver translucent bar along the bottom of your home
screen is called the Dock. Swipe between home screens, and you notice
that the icons in the Dock don’t change. That’s because the Dock is for
the apps you use most frequently; instead of having to swipe from
screen to screen to find an app, you can drop it directly into the Dock for
easy access. You can store up to four apps in the Dock.
Search in Spotlight You can search for any email message, webpage,
and app on your device, or search through Google or Wikipedia, by
swiping right on your home screen until you reach Spotlight. To search,
just type your query in the text box at the top.
Open and Close an App Want to launch an app? To open it, all you have
to do is tap its icon. Once it’s open, you can return to the home screen at
any time by pressing the Home button.
Rearrange and Delete Apps To rearrange the order of your icons, tap
and hold any icon on a home screen. After a few seconds, you enter Edit
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Get Started
Spot Search Swipe
right on your home
screen to get to the
Spotlight menu, where
you can search for
anything on your
connect your phone to your computer.
mode: All your app icons‚
including the one you’re
holding‚ start to wiggle, and
a small black X pops up in
each icon’s top left corner.
Then you can rearrange any
apps on the home screen,
or even drag them into or
out of the Dock. If you’ve
installed a third-party app
you don’t want anymore,
you can tap the X to delete
it (you cannot delete the
apps that came preinstalled
on your iPhone). When
you’re finished, press the
Home button to make the
app icons stop wiggling and
stay in their new location.
You can also rearrange your
icons and home screens
through iTunes when you
Use Folders When you start amassing a collection of apps on your
iPhone, organizing them can get tricky. Luckily, you can use app folders.
A folder is a group of apps, represented by a single icon, on a home
screen. Each folder sports miniature icons representing the apps inside,
along with an overall name, such as Games or Photography. When you
tap a folder, the Dock fades and slides down, making room for a view of
the folder’s contents. Within the folder, you find the name and icon for
each app. Tap any app to launch it, or tap anywhere outside the folder to
return to the home screen.
To create a folder, start by tapping and holding any app icon to enter
Edit mode; after the icons begin to wiggle, drag an app on top of another
app. When you release the app, you’ll have created a folder, which will
open and display both apps. By default, the folder’s name is based on the
App Store category for one of the first two apps in the folder. If you
want to customize this name, just tap inside the field (while still in Edit
mode) and enter something new. When you’re done, press the Home
button to exit Edit mode.
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Get Started
Folded Up You can
collect two or more
apps into a collection
called a folder.
To add another app
to the folder, reenter
Edit mode and drag the
desired app onto the
folder icon. Repeat until
you’ve added all the
apps you want (up to
12 per folder), and then
press the Home button
to exit Edit mode.
To edit the folder
itself—its name,
contents, or the layout
of the apps inside—you
can either enter Edit
mode and then tap the
folder, or, while the
folder is open, tap and
hold any icon inside.
You can then tap the
folder’s name to change it, drag apps within the folder to rearrange
them, drag an app out of the folder to return it to the home screen, or
tap an app’s Delete button to completely delete it from your phone.
Unlike apps, folders don’t have a Delete button; to delete a folder, you
must remove all the apps from it.
Multitask on Your iPhone
Opening and closing an app is easy: Tap the app to open it, and then
press the Home button to close it. But when you exit, you’re not actually
shutting down the app: You’re freezing it in place, or sending it to run in
the background. This means that you can have multiple active apps
running at any one time, and you can even switch between active apps
without returning to the home screen.
Frozen Apps versus Background Apps Sometimes you need an app to
keep doing something when it’s not in the foreground. For that reason,
Apple uses several tools to allow apps to perform tasks in the background. One of these tools is the notification system; another allows
music apps to keep playing while the user switches to another app; yet
another allows tasks‚ such as photo uploads‚ to continue running in the
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Get Started
background even if you switch out of the program performing the
upload. If your third-party app doesn’t incorporate background features,
it will freeze when you press the Home button‚ which is to say that it will
remember whatever you were just doing when you re-open it, but it
won’t process any data in the background.
The Multitasking Bar You can quickly switch between apps by bringing
up the multitasking bar. To do so, quickly double-press the Home button;
the screen will slide up to reveal a bar of apps underneath, showing off
the apps most recently run. To switch to a different app, tap on its icon.
Multitasking Shortcuts In addition to holding a list of your most
recently used apps, the multitasking bar has a couple of other neat
shortcuts for your phone. Swipe right to bring up a secondary set of
controls that let you lock your device’s orientation in portrait mode and
control the audio currently playing on your phone (it defaults to the
Music app, but you can also control audio from third-party apps). Swipe
to the right again, and you get a slider for controlling volume.
Sync Wirelessly
Unlike days gone by, you no longer have to connect your device to your
Mac or PC when you want to sync your information or download a
subsequent software update. There are two features at work here:
iTunes Wi-Fi Sync and Software Update.
Hidden Bonus Lock
your screen in portrait
mode or change songs
and alter the volume by
swiping right on the
multitasking bar.
Wi-Fi Sync (as its name suggests) allows your phone to sync with your
computer over a Wi-Fi network rather than through a USB connection.
It’s slightly slower, but you can do it any time your phone is on the same
Wi-Fi network as your desktop computer. Better still, your device stays
perpetually connected: You can adjust settings and re-sync without
having to disconnect and reconnect any cables. (You can always continue to sync the
old-fashioned way, of
course.) Another benefit
to this perpetual connection is that when
syncing, you’re not stuck
with a Do Not Disconnect screen while
updating your song list
or changing a setting;
instead, it all happens in
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Get Started
the background, allowing you to multitask and use your phone during a
sync session.
Set Up Wi-Fi Sync To enable Wi-Fi Sync, you need to connect your
phone to your computer and open up iTunes. Click on your device in the
Source list and then scroll down to the bottom of the summary pane.
Your device syncs with your computer only when iTunes is running;
because of this, you need to check the first two boxes in the Options
section: Open iTunes When This Phone Is Connected, and Sync With
This iPhone Over Wi-Fi. Press the Sync button to save your changes, and
you’re all set. By default, your device will automatically sync with iTunes
any time it’s plugged into a power source and both are on the same
Wi-Fi network; you can also force a sync by going to the Settings app on
your device and tapping General -> iTunes Wi-Fi Sync and then tapping
Sync Now.
Sync Setup Check the
first two boxes in the
Options section to
enable Wi-Fi Sync.
Install iOS Updates If you’ve ever used an iOS device before, you may
be familiar with the process of downloading app updates from the App
Store app: When a little red badge appears in the upper right corner of
the App Store icon, you open the App Store, navigate to the Updates tab,
and download your app updates all at once, or one by one. The Software
Update process is remarkably similar; but instead of going to the App
Store, you go to the Settings app for any system updates.
Like the App Store, your device perpetually checks for new software
updates in the background. When one is available, you’ll see a red badge
appear on the Settings app; to download it, open the app and navigate to
General -> Software Update. There, you can read some brief information
about the update and install it by tapping a button. You can also force the
system to check for an update by navigating to the Software Update pane.
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Because these iOS updates are “delta updates” (they contain only the
parts of the system that have changed, so you don’t have to download
the entire system each time there is an update), they’re smaller; therefore, you can download them just about anywhere you have a decent 3G
or Wi-Fi connection—on the bus, at home, walking down the street, you
name it. To install these updates, however, you need to have at least 50
percent battery life on your device, or have it plugged into a power
Just as a friendly reminder: Even though you can install these updates
anywhere, you should always (always, always) back up your device
before you do. You can use Wi-Fi Sync to back up to your computer, or, if
you have iCloud Backup enabled, you can use that. (See “Enter the
iCloud” for more information on iCloud Backup.)
Notification Center
When an app wants to let you know something, it uses Apple’s notification system. These notifications can be displayed as floating banners,
pop-up alerts, or a combination of the two; when you’d like to see all the
alerts you’ve received recently, you can check Notification Center.
Banners By default, you receive notifications as banners. These alerts
are superimposed along the top edge of your iPhone, rotating into view
with a 3D effect. The banners remain on screen for about five seconds.
While a floating banner is on display, you can tap it to launch the notifying app (such as Twitter, Messages, or Mail). Let’s say you receive a
banner notification because someone mentions your name in a tweet:
Just tap the notification, and your Twitter client of choice launches to
show you the tweet in question.
If you don’t want to attend to a banner immediately, you can ignore it
and keep working away in whatever app you’re using. Banners float on
top of the screen for several seconds, and they vanish on their own.
Notification Center If you don’t tap a banner in time, or you want to see
your past notifications, you can access Notification Center whenever
your iPhone is unlocked. Swipe down from the menu bar at the top of
your screen; you’ll head right to your device’s repository for notifications.
Notification Center groups your past notifications by app; you can sort
those apps by time or sort them manually (you can configure the order
Chapter 1
Banner Up Your new
notifications will fold
down from the top of
the screen with an app
icon and a brief
summary of the
Get Started
you’d like in the
Settings app). You can
clear out accumulated
notifications per app
with a pair of wellfocused taps: Tap the
tiny X next to the app’s
name, and then tap the
tiny Clear button that
You can choose the
number of alerts a given ap can show in Notification Center, though the
controls are a bit limited. For example, you can choose how many
upcoming Calendar events are displayed, but you can’t choose which
calendar iOS pulls those events from.
Notification Center also offers you two optional widgets to stick at the
top of the section: Weather and Stocks. You can enable or disable either
widget in the Settings app. If enabled, the Stock widget displays a
scrolling ticker of any stocks you’ve configured from the Stocks app, and
Weather provides current conditions and a forecast for your current
location (if enabled) or your primary Weather location. Third-party app
widgets are not supported.
App Alerts You can
determine whether an
app’s notifications
appear in Notification
Center, and whether
new notifications from
the app display as
banners or alerts.
Customize Notifications To define precisely how Notification Center
and alerts work on an app-by-app basis, head to the Settings app and
tap Notifications. You choose which apps notify you, and you can
configure all sorts of
behaviors. For each app,
you can set whether
notifications should
appear in Notification
Center at all; how many
items can be displayed
there; whether there
should be an alert, and if
so, which type (banner or
pop-up alert); whether to use an icon badge to signify alerts; whether
new alerts should include sounds; and whether notifications should
appear in your lock screen.
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Notify Me While your
device is locked, any
new notification you
receive will appear here,
organized by time.
Lock Screen Notifications You can also track
your notifications on your
lock screen. New notifications stack in the order that
they arrived, with the
newest on top regardless of
which app it’s from—an
option that’s not available
for Notification Center itself.
From the lock screen, you
can swipe to unlock your
iPhone, but you can also
swipe an individual notification to directly launch
the app associated with it.
Note that when a new alert
arrives while your device is
locked, the standard swipe
to unlock still launches the
app associated with that
just-arrived notification.
When a new notification arrives while your iPhone is locked, it gets
special treatment: The alert gets centered in the middle of the screen, a
bit like the notifications of old. But other, previously arrived lock-screen
notifications are still accessible. A small gray handle appears at the top
of the lock screen when other notifications are temporarily hidden from
view; drag it down to expose them (with a gesture much like the swipe
to get to Notification Center).
Siri and Dictation
Although the iPhone 4S sports a faster processor and an
upgraded camera, the feature that everyone is talking
about is Siri. Siri allows you to speak a variety of
commands to your device and have it do your bidding.
In addition, the iPhone 4S includes voice-control
technology that makes it possible to compose emails,
text messages, and more through dictation—no more typing on the
phone’s tiny touchscreen keyboard.
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Both Siri and the iPhone 4S’s
voice-dictation software work by
recording your voice and beaming
it to a server to interpret what
you’ve said; as such, you will need
an Internet connection (either
Wi-Fi or 3G) to use either feature
properly. Siri currently only
supports the following languages:
English (in United States., United
Kingdom, and Australian dialects), French, and German.
How Can I Help? Tap
the info button after
launching Siri to get an
idea of what kind of
questions and topics
you can ask about.
Getting Started Once you’ve
enabled Siri from Settings ->
General -> Siri, you can give it a
command at any point by pressing and holding on the Home
button (or, if you’re using a wired
or wireless headset, press and hold the corresponding button on the
remote). If you have the Raise To Speak toggle switched on in the Siri
Settings screen, you can also hold the phone up to your head as if you
were making a call.
Siri will chirp twice in succession to indicate that it’s ready to listen to
you. If you’re not sure what kind of question or request to make, tap
the info button (i) on the right side next to bring up a list of suggested
topics and phrasings.
You can talk to Siri as you would talk to another person: It has natural
language recognition. But Siri doesn’t require a strict vocabulary—if talk
like Yoda you try, it will generally figure out what you’re trying to say.
Using Siri with Apps Siri can interact with most of Apple’s built-in apps:
Phone, Music, Messages, Calendar, Reminders, Maps and Directions (in
the United States only), Mail, Weather, Stocks, Clock, Address Book, Find
My Friends, Safari (Web search), and Notes. You can give Siri commands
for most every action within one of those apps; for instance, you can ask
it “Where’s Jason Snell?”, and (assuming you’re logged into Find My
Friends, and have Jason added as a contact there) it will display his
current location.
Siri can also understand the context of conversations. Ask Siri for
Chapter 1
Seeking Siri Use Siri
to accomplish tasks you
would otherwise tap
Get Started
suggestions for places to have
lunch, and it provides a list of
nearby restaurants that serve
lunch. You can then specify
that you want to eat in a
certain location, say, downtown, and Siri gives you a
narrower list of places in that
Siri is also linked with Wolfram
Alpha, a computational
knowledge engine that
provides answers to numerous
factual questions. If you want
to figure out the speed of light
or the number of days until
Christmas, Wolfram Alpha can
provide the answer. If Siri
cannot accomplish or understand what you ask, it will offer to perform a Web search for you.
Once you give Siri a command, the service sends it to a central server for
analyzation and returns it as a plain text speech bubble, with your phrase
in quotes. If you tell Siri to do something and it mis-hears you—for
instance, if you state “Make me a reminder” in a noisy bar, and Siri
translates that into “Maine Maryland”—you can correct it by tapping
once on that bubble and typing in the correct words.
Sensitive Siri Siri can
understand the
meaning of what you
are saying; it even
understands this
reference to HAL from
the movie 2001: A
Space Odyssey.
In addition to Siri’s basic commands, Apple’s voice assistant has a few
quirks and easter eggs hiding about. Ask it to tell you a story, mention
famous fictional robots, or bring up the meaning of life, and you might
get an unusual response.
Hands-Free Use With
Siri, you can now use your
phone in hands-free
scenarios, such as when
you are driving a car. Siri
becomes more chatty
when the iPhone 4S
recognizes that you’re in a
hands-free situation,
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reading text aloud that it might not if it knew you were holding the
phone in your hand. When you get a text message, you can instruct Siri
to read the message, and it will. You can then tell Siri to reply to the
message, dictate the entire message, have Siri read it back to you to
confirm that it makes sense, and then send it.
There are some caveats to hands-free use: Siri can tell you that you have
a new email message, and you can use it to send emails, but it doesn’t
read your emails to you. (It only reads text messages aloud.)
Dictation While Siri gets the bulk of the iPhone 4S feature hype,
another speech-related technology may prove to be more important and
a bigger boost to users’ productivity: Dictation. The iPhone 4S can
convert what you say into written text in any app.
On your iPhone’s virtual keyboard is a new button in the bottom row
with the image of a microphone on it, to the left of the spacebar. Tap
this button and the iPhone 4S transcribes whatever you say. It sends the
results over the Internet to a server that analyzes your speech and
converts it into text (if you’re not online, the microphone button doesn’t
To get the most out of Dictation, you need to start thinking in punctuation. For example, to construct a grammatically correct email message,
you might say, “Dan comma new paragraph What do you think about
writing a review of iOS numeral five question mark I think it might be
right up your alley period new paragraph Let me know what you think
exclamation point.” The feature understands when you are requesting
punctuation or a new paragraph, and translates that into the text. You
can dictate text messages, email messages, entries in the Notes app,
Web searches, and more. Unlike Siri, Dictation works in third-party apps,
so you can dictate Facebook status updates, tweets, or Instagram
captions just by choosing the microphone icon from the keyboard and
iOS Tips and Tricks
Just as your computer has shortcuts and key commands for commonly
used tasks, your iPhone has a variety of fun techniques you can use for
copying and altering your text.
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Select Text There are two types of text you can select on your device:
editable and non-editable. To select non-editable text, just tap and hold
on the word or phrase you’d like to select: If the text is editable, doubletap on the word. You can adjust this initial selection by moving the blue
edit handles that pop up on either side of your selection. While typing,
you can also pinpoint your cursor where you need it. Just tap and hold
until a magnifying loupe appears, and then drag your finger through your
text. Drag the loupe around, and the text insertion point will follow it so
you can easily position the cursor exactly where you want it. When you
release your finger, the cursor will be in the desired spot. You can also
select an entire paragraph of text by tapping once with two fingers.
Cut, Copy, and Paste Once you tap, hold, and release your finger, you
see the following options: Select (to select a word) and Select All (to
select everything). Pick one, and then choose Cut, Copy, or Paste, or
even choose a replacement word, if you’ve highlighted a misspelled
word. To paste a word, just position your cursor by tapping and then
hold down for several seconds until the Cut, Copy, Paste popover
Define Words The
contextual text popover
also has an option for
defining the word or
phrase you’ve highlighted.
Just tap the Define
button and iOS’s inline
dictionary offers you the
Highlight Text Tap
editable text to select it.
Suggestions If you
misspell a word, your
device underlines it with
a red squiggly line. Tap
and hold on an underlined
word, and, to the right of
the Copy and Paste
options, you see a
Suggest button that,
when tapped, gives you
suggestions for alternative words you may have
meant to type instead.
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(You can also do this for any correctly spelled word.) If you don’t care to
see your writing covered in squiggly red lines, you can easily deactivate
the spelling checker by taking a trip to Settings -> General -> Keyboards.
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Enter the iCloud
Over the past few years, users have become fond of the notion of having
their documents and data instantly available wherever they are, on
whichever device they happen to be using at the time. In the past, Apple
experimented with this by offering limited syncing services; with iCloud,
the company is charging headfirst into the digital-syncing sphere.
What Is iCloud?
In short, iCloud is a catchall term that covers Apple’s entire suite of
wireless syncing and backup services, which aim to keep your devices—
both iOS and desktop computers running OS X Lion, Windows Vista, or
Windows 7—on the same page, no matter which one you’re using at any
given moment. Broken down, those services cover four areas: document
and data syncing, mobile backup, location awareness, and purchase
Any customer can create a free iCloud account, which provides 5GB of
storage for document syncing and mobile backup; additional space can
be purchased for a yearly fee. (Your purchased content from the iTunes
and App Stores do not count toward this storage limit.) Unlike certain
third-party services, iCloud isn’t focused on preserving your individual
files, or providing a central folder where you can upload documents to
access across platforms—Apple wants you to stop worrying about
where specific files save to, and instead focus on the information itself.
Document and Data Syncing This portion of iCloud provides
you with an invisible online repository (5GB for free, up to 50GB
on a yearly paid plan) for your email, contacts, calendars,
documents, and app data. Your iOS devices and computers collectively
sync to and pull information from this central server on a regular basis,
thus keeping everything up-to-date. As with iCloud’s predecessor,
MobileMe, your mail, calendar, and contact accounts are accessible from
all your devices and on the Web. And you can access your iWork documents, if you have one of the iWork apps on your iOS device.
Mobile Backup If you’ve owned an iOS device before, you’ll
find iCloud backups very similar to tethered iTunes backups.
Like iTunes, iCloud backs up information on your purchased
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content (music, apps, and books), your Camera Roll, device settings,
data, home screens, messages, and ringtones, but instead of saving that
information in a file on your computer, the service stores it online
instead. Your purchases themselves aren’t backed up to your iCloud
account; instead, your backup keeps a record of what you own. When
you restore your device from a backup, those purchases automatically
redownload back in place, aided by your backed-up app data and homescreen positioning. This way, you should always be able to restore
information without ever needing to plug your device into your Mac or
Location Awareness As part of iCloud, you can locate both
your devices (iOS and Mac) and your companions by using the
Find My iPhone and Find My Friends apps, respectively. Both
apps are free and available to download from the App Store; you can
also locate your devices by going to the iCloud website.
Purchase Management The final part of Apple’s iCloud
strategy focuses on your past purchases and your iTunes media
collection. Using your free iCloud account, you can access a
complete record of all your purchased iTunes content; choose to download new music, apps, and books automatically; and redownload anything for free. Pay a yearly fee, and you can access your entire music
library (up to 25,000 songs) across multiple devices, whether they be
purchased iTunes songs or not.
Set Up iCloud
If you didn’t set up iCloud when you activated your iPhone, you can do
so from the Settings app or from your computer. If you’re switching to
iCloud from MobileMe, you have to move and merge your account
through the iCloud website before you can take advantage of the
Do You Have an Apple ID? If you’ve ever purchased something from the
iTunes Store, then you’ll have signed up for an Apple ID (which is usually
your primary email address). Even if you never used this account to sign
up for MobileMe, you can convert it to an iCloud account.
To do so from your iPhone, go to the Settings app and tap the iCloud
menu. At the top of the screen, enter your Apple ID and password. After
a moment of setup time, iCloud prompts you to merge anything on your
Chapter 1
Get Started
device with this newly created account; tap Merge to do so, or Don’t
Merge if you don’t want to copy the information currently on your
device. From there, just tap the toggles to customize your iCloud
account the way you prefer.
Note that if you convert an Apple ID into an iCloud account, you won’t
have access to iCloud email by default—you’ll have to create a username@ address first. To do so, toggle the Mail slider in the iCloud settings
screen to On; a pop-up dialog box from the bottom of the screen prompts
you to create a username.
To activate iCloud on your computer, you need to be running Mac OS X
10.7.2, Windows Vista, or Windows 7. (You can download it from Apple’s
website or from Software Update on your Mac or PC.) You can set up
iCloud online by simply logging in with your Apple ID at; you
can also set it up from your Mac’s System Preferences application by
clicking on the iCloud preference pane.
But What If I Share My Apple ID? If multiple people use your Apple ID
(say, if you have one central account for your, your spouse’s, and your
children’s purchases), you can still use this ID among yourselves for
purchases, but each person
will have to create a
separate iCloud account for
syncing and backup.
Mail Magic If you’ve
converted your old
Apple ID, you need to
toggle the Mail switch
to On in the iCloud
settings screen to get
an email address for
your account.
For example, if you have an
Apple ID (or MobileMe
account) you use between
you, your significant other,
and your daughter for
purchases, but they’d like
to take advantage of
iCloud’s syncing and
storage features, you want
to do the following: Have
each family member sign
up for an iCloud account
for their backups, mail, and
so forth; then, after setting
up iCloud on their iOS
devices, go to the Store
screen within the Settings
Chapter 1
Get Started
app, sign out of the iCloud account (which will populate there automatically after you sign up), and then sign in to the original Apple ID you use
for purchases.
If the Apple ID your family uses for purchases is also your primary
account for syncing (if it’s a MobileMe account, for example), you,
personally, can use it for iCloud; but your family members will need to
create separate iCloud accounts so that they don’t accidentally end up
syncing with your information.
How Do I Merge My MobileMe Account? If you have a MobileMe
account you’d like to move to iCloud, make sure you know what you’re
potentially getting rid of before you do anything. While iCloud shares
many of MobileMe’s features, it’s axed a few others: namely, iWeb
publishing; Gallery; iDisk; and OS X syncing of Dashboard widgets,
keychains, Dock items, and System Preferences. If you choose to move
over your account, make sure you read Apple’s FAQ on the matter to
ensure you’re not accidentally deleting data you haven’t backed up.
Move on Over To
convert your MobileMe
account into an iCloud
account, visit the
MobileMe Move page
and enter your account
If you’re certain you’re ready, you can move your account by going to on a computer running OS X 10.7.2 and following the
steps. Once you complete the conversion, you can use your MobileMe
credentials to sign in to iCloud on your iOS device and computer.
Remember that MobileMe will be going away in June of 2012; if you
want to transfer account, you need to do so before then.
Sign Up for iCloud If you’ve never purchased music, or if you need to
create a new Apple ID, you can very easily create one directly from your
iPhone or computer.
Chapter 1
Get Started
Head to the Settings app and tap the iCloud menu. At the top of the
screen, you’re prompted for a username and password if you already
have an account; otherwise, you can tap Get A Free Apple ID at the
bottom to sign up for one. If you’re on a computer, you can sign up for an
iCloud account online at, or from the iCloud pane in the
System Preferences app.
Storage in the Cloud
As mentioned earlier, iCloud provides you with 5GB of space for free in
which you can store device backups, email, contacts, calendars, documents, and app data. While your purchased content—apps, music, books,
and shows—and your Photo Stream are part of iCloud, they don’t count
toward that storage limit: Apple takes care of all that for you.
For most people, 5GB should be enough, at least initially. But once
iCloud document storage becomes more prevalent, that may change.
For users who want more space, Apple has several paid plans available
that range from $20 to $100 a year.
For $20, you can add another 10GB of storage (for a total of 15GB); for
$40, you can bring that total up to 25GB total storage; and for $100, you
can have a grand total of 55GB of iCloud storage in your name. Buying
these plans is as easy as visiting the iCloud preference pane on your iOS
device or computer: On an iOS device, head to Settings -> iCloud ->
Storage & Backup -> Buy More Storage; on your Mac, open the iCloud
pane in the System Preferences application and click the Manage button
next to the bar showing your iCloud storage. From there, it’s just like
purchasing an iOS app or an app from the Mac App Store—just sign in
with the Apple ID and password associated with iCloud.
Chapter 1
Get Started
Sync and Share
This section of iCloud covers keeping basic data
up-to-date, syncing documents and information,
and streaming your recently taken photos across all devices.
Data Syncing Like its predecessor, MobileMe, iCloud offers users a free address for sending and receiving email. Through
iCloud, you can access, update, and sync your email, calendars, Safari
bookmarks, and contacts across all of your devices and the Web.
Mac users sync Mail, iCal, and Address Book with the Mail, Calendar, and
Contacts apps, respectively; PC users can use Outlook 2007 or later.
Reminders are synced with your desktop calendar application by default,
while your Notes are stored in your mail application. You can also choose
to sync your Web browser’s bookmarks. All of this information counts
toward your 5GB storage limit. To choose which items you’d like to sync
across your devices, go to Settings -> iCloud and tap the toggles for the
appropriate selections.
Documents in the Cloud Documents and data syncing keeps
your app information ubiquitous across all your devices,
allowing you to create a document on one device, save it, and
pick up where you left off on another. APIs are available for third-party
developers to incorporate.
Photo Stream Photo Stream allows you to snap a picture from
any iOS device and have it seamlessly pushed to all your other
devices and computers. Images are kept for 30 days on the
server; on your iPhone, you’re only shown the last 1000 pictures synced,
so as to preserve your iCloud storage space.
Back Up Files
Not only can you sync your files, purchases, and data to iCloud—you can
back up your entire iPhone to it as well. To do so, open the Settings app
and then navigate to iCloud -> Storage & Backup. Enable the iCloud
Backup option, and your device will automatically back up to the server
whenever it’s plugged into power and connected to Wi-Fi. If those two
conditions are met and your phone is locked, it will back up automatically; otherwise, you can force an iCloud backup by going to Settings ->
Chapter 1
Copy to the Cloud Your phone will
automatically back up
to iCloud when locked,
plugged in, and
connected to Wi-Fi, but
if you want to force a
backup, you can tap the
Back Up Now button.
Get Started
iCloud -> Storage & Backup and
tapping the Back Up Now button.
Your iCloud backup stores your
Camera Roll, settings, app data,
home-screen organization,
messages, and ringtones; if you
need to restore your device, you
can do so over the air, with
Backup working in tandem with
your past purchases to accurately
restore your apps, books, music,
and other media. (Like redownloads, you may not be able to
restore certain purchases internationally due to licensing restrictions; check your country to be
Find Your People, Places, and Things
Missing your iPhone or your friends? Your device can help you, using the
Find My iPhone or Find My Friends app.
Find My iPhone If you’ve lost your device, you can log in to the
iCloud website or the Find My iPhone app to find it on a map.
From there, you can broadcast a sound and a message, remotely lock (and wipe) the device, and get an email notification if your device
is initially off but returns online.
Find My Friends This app allows you to broadcast your
location temporarily or permanently to a select group of
people. You can selectively enable and disable contacts, create
a Temporary Event so that people can find you during an event or
outing, and restrict sharing with specialized controls.
Chapter 1
Get Started
iTunes in the Cloud
iCloud’s purchase management focuses on two areas—Past Purchases
and iTunes Match (a $25 yearly add-on)—that collectively make up
iTunes in the Cloud. iTunes Match is currently only available for U.S.
residents; internationally, Apple hopes to enable it by the end of 2011.
Past Purchases allows you to view your past purchase history for your
apps, books, songs, and TV shows, and redownload them for free. In
addition, if enabled, iCloud automatically downloads new purchases to all
your devices, no matter which one you initially purchase it on. (A few caveats: Redownloading certain items, like music and television shows, may be
restricted by country; and items you’ve purchased in the past that are no
longer available on the iTunes Store may not be available for restoration.)
iTunes Match, meanwhile, is an add-on to iCloud in the form of a $25 a
year subscription service. Technically, you don’t even need an iCloud
account to sign up—just an Apple ID associated with iTunes. (If they’re
the same thing, all the better.) iTunes Match does two things: match and
upload your music library to a central server, and let you download (or
stream, if you’re on a computer) those items to devices you own.
The service works by scanning your library and matching as many tracks
as it can with songs from iTunes’s 20 million song catalog. If iTunes can’t
find a match, it will upload those unmatched tracks to its central server
so that you can stream or download them to other devices associated
with your Apple ID.
Matchmaker Signing
up for iTunes Match
costs $25 per year and
can be done through
Chapter 1
Get Started
This benefits you in two ways: You don’t have to manually upload every
song in your catalog, and—for songs that iTunes matches with its
catalog—you can re-download high-quality versions of them for free.
As such, if you have a poorly-encoded (or Digital Rights Managementencumbered) copy of a song you own or have authorization for—and that
song exists in iTunes’s 20 million song catalog—you can re-download
those tracks as 256-kbps DRM-free AAC files. iTunes Match will provide
this service for up to 25,000 tracks not originally purchased with your
Apple ID; if you have more than that, you’re currently unable to sign up for
the service without trimming your library.
Set Up iTunes Match You can only subscribe to iTunes Match via your
computer—if you attempt to do so on your iPhone, you’ll get an error
directing you to your Mac or PC. Open iTunes (you’ll need iTunes 10.5.1 or
later) and open the Store menu, then click Turn On iTunes Match. Follow
the on-screen instructions, including entering your Apple ID and password
when prompted.
Once you’ve enabled iTunes Match, Apple will start scanning your
computer’s library. This process—and the subsequent uploading of any
unmatched tracks—can take a while, but since it’s done in the background you can continue jamming along to your music in the meantime.
After iTunes has finished its scanning and uploading process, a cloud
icon will appear next to the Music section in your iTunes sidebar.
Enable iTunes Match on Your iPhone To access to your computer’s
music library on your iPhone, go to Settings -> Music and toggle the
iTunes Match slider to On. Though iOS warns you that this will replace all
music on your phone, it’s not entirely true: Any tracks that you originally
synced with your computer will remain.
Chapter 1
Get Started
Download More Apps
Having acquainted yourself with the basics of iPhone operation, you may
want to reach outside the box for more interesting fare. The App Store,
which you can access on your device or via iTunes on your computer,
features more than 500,000 downloadable apps. If there’s you want to
do with your iPhone, chances are you can find an app for it in the App
Store. But with so many options, separating the truly great apps from
the weird and wacky ones can be difficult. This is a quick guide to
navigating the wonderful world of iOS apps, along with a list of a few of
our favorite third-party programs to get you started.
App Basics
Before you start downloading apps willy-nilly, you should know that
there are three types of apps in Apple’s App Store: ones for the iPhone
and iPod touch only, ones for the iPad only, and universal apps—those
that can run on any iOS device.
If you browse the App Store on your iPhone, you can search for and
download any apps that are universal or for the iPhone and iPod touch
only. If you browse apps from the iTunes App Store on your computer,
however, you search the entire app catalog—including iPad-only apps
that won’t run on your phone. To prevent this, make sure you select
iPhone at the top of the window when you’re viewing the App Store in
iTunes; this will limit results to iPhone-compatible apps. In addition,
when you’re viewing an app, look for the plus sign (+) on the price tag—
this means that the app is universal and can run on all iOS devices—and
be sure to read the Requirements section on the left side of the browsing window.
If you install a third-party app that you no longer want, you can remove it
by tapping and holding its icon. The icon will begin to jiggle, and an X will
appear in the top left corner. If you tap the X, you’re asked to confirm
that you want to delete the app. Because apps must store all their data
in the app’s package, deleting an app also deletes all of its settings and
stored information. If you delete an app that you wanted to keep, you
can redownload the app from the App Store or re-sync your device with
iTunes. If you deleted the app from iTunes as well, you can download it
again for free from the iTunes Store. You can load apps onto any iOS
Chapter 1
Get Started
devices you have, provided they’re linked to your Apple ID.
Apple gives you two ways to browse for new apps: You can use iTunes
from your computer, or you can access the App Store on your iPhone 4S
while you’re on the go.
From a Computer If you’re on your computer, open iTunes, select the
iTunes Store, click the App Store tab at the top, and click the iPhone
option underneath the tab. Using the App Store interface is similar to
searching for music and videos. You’ll see a New And Noteworthy list of
apps along with a What’s Hot list and a Staff Favorites list.
When you select an app in iTunes, you see a description of what it does,
a few screenshots of the app, and customer ratings. (You must own an
app in order to review it.) You also see other useful info on the app’s
page; for example, the app’s category, age rating, and file size—useful if
you’re short on space. Underneath the app’s description is the URL of
the developer’s website.
Once you’ve downloaded an app to your computer, it’s listed under Apps
in the iTunes Source list. Within this section, you can see a list of your
apps, organized by app type (iPhone and iPod touch, iPad, or all three) or
genre. In the lower right corner, you can check whether updates are
available for your apps or navigate directly to the App Store to look for
On Your Mac You can
browse apps by kind
(iPhone or iPad) in the
iTunes Store, under App
Chapter 1
Get More Apps You
can browse through,
purchase, download,
and upgrade apps
through the App Store
on your iPhone.
Get Started
From Your iPhone Tap
the blue App Store icon on
your home screen. The
store is divided into five
sections: Featured (Apple’s special picks),
Categories (all iPhone
apps, sorted by label), Top
25 (showcasing the
top-purchased and most
downloaded iPhone apps),
Search, and Updates (any
third-party updates show
up here for you to download). Featured and Top 25
are both great places to
start looking for recommended apps, and you can
search the entire App
Store by tapping the
Search tab.
The Featured tab includes
New, What’s Hot, and Genius. The first showcases apps that Apple’s
team has specifically picked out as interesting, while the second displays
apps that have recently been downloaded, along with some Staff
Favorites, Apps Starter Kit, and App Store Essentials. The Genius section
displays apps similar to those you’ve already downloaded. For privacy
reasons, Genius is turned off by default; to enable it, go to the tab and
tap Turn On Genius.
Scroll to the bottom of the page while in the Featured tab to see a direct
link to your account (or an option to sign in or create a new account), a
Redeem button for cashing in iTunes gift cards, and a link to the iTunes
Store’s terms and conditions.
You need an App Store account (most likely the same as your iTunes
account) to download anything—even free apps—so if you don’t have
one, head on over to the Featured tab, scroll down to the bottom of the
page, and tap Sign In. If you don’t have an account you want to link to,
tap Create New Account; otherwise, tap Use Existing Account to sign in
with your Apple ID and password. You can change and link your credit
Chapter 1
Get Started
card information from within the app (though you can also do this from
your desktop computer). To download an app, simply tap its price once
to highlight the green Buy App button and then tap once more to
confirm the purchase. You’re prompted for your Apple ID password as a
security measure.
The Categories tab displays all major app categories on the store; tap a
category to see its top 25 paid and free programs, as well as the ones
most recently released in that category. The Top 25 tab, however,
displays the top 25 paid, free, and highest-grossing iPhone apps in all the
App Store; you can view up to 300 apps by tapping the Twenty Five
More button at the bottom of any of the lists. If you know the name of a
specific app, you can search for it in the Search tab.
As with desktop software makers, iPad app developers regularly upgrade their apps to add new features and fix problems. When your
device detects updates for your installed programs, a red badge on the
App Store icon shows the number of updates available—though sometimes this number doesn’t update until you relaunch the App Store app.
Launch the App Store and tap the Updates tab; here, you can choose
whether to update one or all of your apps to their latest versions. You
can also update your apps from the Applications section in iTunes on
your Mac; the updates will transfer to your device the next time you sync
with iTunes.
Chapter 1
Get Started
Other Apple Apps
Your iPhone comes packed with some great preloaded apps from Apple,
but you have to venture to the App Store if you want the complete
Cupertino collection. To augment the basics, the company has developed
some free and paid apps. You can purchase a mobile version of the
company’s iWork office suite and its video-editing software, iMovie.
Some free options include the company’s e-reader app, iBooks; letterpress card-maker, Cards; and more.
Free Apple Apps Apple’s free apps accomplish a broad number of tasks:
You can turn your device into a pocket e-reader; keep track of your
friends, phone, and computer; make mailable letterpress cards; tweak
your router’s network settings; browse the Apple Store; watch movie
trailers; and control your iTunes library and Apple TV from afar.
Apple’s iBooks lets you read ePub books and PDFs in both portrait and
landscape modes. You can purchase books from Apple’s iBookstore, organize your books, create collections, and delete books you no longer want.
To find your friends, you may want to turn to Apple’s aptly named Find
My Friends—an app that lets you track colleagues, family members, and
friends via geolocation. (You have to opt in to the service, and your
location is shared only with those you allow it to be shared with.) Lost
one of your devices? Find My iPhone will let you find a wayward iPhone,
iPod touch, iPad, or Mac.
You can now make the same kinds of cards you know and love from iPhoto
on your iPhone and iPod touch, thanks to the Cards app. Choose from 21
letterpress 4-by-6-inch card designs; from there, you can insert your own
pictures and text, and provide a mailing address for your recipient. Once
you’re ready to send your card, you can choose from one of your contacts
or type in an address from scratch—Apple prints and ships the card for you
(it costs $3 to mail in the United States, $5 to mail internationally).
AirPort Utility lets you manage your Wi-Fi network and AirPort base
stations from your iPhone. You can see a graphical overview of your
network, get information about connected Wi-Fi devices, change
network settings, restart a base station, and more from within the app.
Download the Apple Store app to access the company’s store directly
from your iPhone. You can buy the latest Apple products, accessories,
Chapter 1
Get Started
Other Apple Apps continued
and software; make Genius Bar and One To One appointments; view instore events; and more. Apple’s iTunes Movie Trailers app brings the newest
HD movie previews to your iPhone. Save favorite movies and plan when
you’ll be going to theaters, too. And for those of you who want to control
iTunes and an Apple TV with just a few flicks on an iPhone, the Remote app
is made for you. The app turns your iPhone into an advanced remote that
can pause, rewind, and fast forward, as well as adjust the volume; create and
update playlists; search through music and video libraries; and more.
Paid Apple Apps The three iWork apps—Pages, Numbers, and Keynote—are sold separately for $10 each, but they share a common look
and feel. When you launch each app for the first time, you’re welcomed
by a Get Started guide in the app’s native format—a document in Pages,
a tabbed worksheet in Numbers, and a presentation in Keynote. In the
upper left corner, a button (called My Documents, My Spreadsheets, and
My Presentations in Pages, Numbers, and Keynote, respectively) lets you
access the Document Manager. Here, you can swipe through thumbnails
of every document that the app has stored on your iPhone.
Each of the apps works similarly to its desktop version. With Pages you
can create new documents, type in text, and embellish with typography
and graphics. The app also utilizes the iPhone 4S’s dictation technology, so
you can create and edit documents by voice. You can create and work with
spreadsheets in Numbers for the iPhone, and Apple’s Keynote makes it
possible to design presentations from your device. Apple also offers a $1
Keynote Remote app that will turn your iPhone into a clicker that can
control a Keynote presentation on your Mac. All your iWork documents,
spreadsheets, and presentations can sync with iCloud—just go to your
iPhone’s iCloud settings and turn on Documents & Data. You will automatically be able to access your iWork projects on any other iCloud-enabled
iOS device, and on your Mac, by signing in to iCloud’s website.
Apple also offers iMovie and GarageBand on the iPhone for $5. iMovie’s
Multi-Touch gestures provide a variety of new ways to work with clips and the
timeline for quick editing on the go: You can zoom in or out or jump through
the timeline, and move, split, skim, and rotate clips. Once you’re finished
editing, you can share the video on sites like YouTube, Facebook, and Vimeo.
GarageBand, meanwhile, offers a customized iPhone and iPod touch interface, Smart Instruments, an eight-track recorder, velocity settings, export
options, and inter-project compatibility with GarageBand for the Mac.
Connect and
Now that you have your iPhone set up, it’s time to
learn how to best take advantage of its amazing
features. Your device excels at keeping you in
touch with friends and family, whether at home or
on the go. Manage your contacts, juggle multiple
callers, connect to the Internet, browse the Web
with ease, send and write email, video chat via
FaceTime, and get to your destination quickly
using Maps.
Manage Contacts
Page 71
Use the Phone
Page 77
Chat with
Page 83
Get Connected
Page 91
Browse the Web
Page 97
Check and Send
Page 108
Navigate with
Page 121
Your iPhone is not only a communication device—
it’s also a practical and versatile productivity tool.
You can use your device to stay organized with the
included Calendar, Notes, Reminders, and Contacts
apps, or conduct your business on the road with
Apple’s iWork suite for iOS. With Pages, Keynote,
and Numbers, you can read, create, edit, and send
documents directly on your device, and you can
expand your iPhone’s abilities with powerful
third-party productivity apps.
Get Organized
Page 130
Page 143
Microsoft Office
and Google
Page 157
Sync and Open
Page 161
Print from the
Page 166
The iPhone 4S is great for viewing photos and
videos, reading, playing games, and creating
finger-painted masterpieces. Add some photos
from your computer or your iPhone’s built-in
camera, and you can instantly create a classy
slideshow to show family and friends. With your
iPhone, you can create, share, and interact with
the world, as well as stream video and audio on
the go. In this chapter, you’ll learn how to best
sync, work with, and enjoy your media files.
Sync and Load
Page 170
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Photos and
Page 200
Reading on the
Page 212
Page 218
Share and
Page 223
It’s a fact of life: Computers crash. Unlike a desktop or
laptop, however, the iPhone is fairly easy to troubleshoot, even if you’re not tech savvy. You just need to
know some of the basic steps to get your device back
up and running again after a slowdown or a crash, the
answers to some of the most common iPhone support
questions, advice on when to seek outside help, and,
finally, some tips on protecting and securing your data.
Quick-Fix Tips
Page 228
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Power Issues
Page 240
Seek Outside
Page 242
Security Tips
Page 245
When you purchase an iPhone, Apple gives you
most of what you need to get started: an AC
power adapter; a USB–to–dock-connector cable;
and a set of stereo earbuds with an inline microphone and remote for hands-free calling and
controlling volume and playback. But there are
plenty of other useful accessories that Apple
doesn’t include. Whether you’re looking for better
headphones, a protective case, some speakers, or
something completely different, you’ll find scores
of add-ons. Here are our picks for some of the
most useful types of accessories for the iPhone, as
well as some specific recommendations. For more
reviews of the latest gear, go to
Page 248
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You have your iPhone 4S and want to get
started using it, so let the editors at Macworld
help you learn everything you need to know
about Apple’s newest smartphone.
Inside this book is a complete rundown of the
best ways you can use your iPhone to communicate, be productive, and enjoy multimedia.
Our full-featured guide offers some nice tips for
beginners: Take a tour of your iPhone’s exterior
and learn how to activate it; tweak each one of
your device’s settings; discover basic gestures
for navigating through apps and home screens;
and learn about some of our favorite iPhone
tips and tricks. And don’t forget to meet your
new personal voice assistant, Siri, and explore iCloud, Apple’s sync service.
Download third-party apps and explore the various wonders your iPhone has to
offer. Connect with friends and family using iMessage, FaceTime, and your telephone; get online using 3G or Wi-Fi; secure your connection via VPN; browse the
Web and email coworkers; and navigate the world with the Maps app and GPS.
Also, organize your life with included Apple apps like Calendar, Notes, and Reminders;
be productive with Apple’s iWork office suite and with third-party apps; and learn
how to export projects to a cloud service like Dropbox or print them out. Get the
hang of syncing your music, videos, podcasts, TV shows, and apps. And experience
even more by playing online games using Apple’s Game Center, reading books with
iBooks, and making movie and musical masterpieces with iMovie and GarageBand.
If you run into trouble, never fear: Our troubleshooting tips will keep your iPhone
sailing smooth. And in case you’re stumped on how to best outfit your device, we
provide suggestions for great iPhone 4S cases, headphones, speakers, and more.
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