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DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700
Port Based VLAN
User’s Guide
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700
Port Based VLAN
User’s Guide
Part Number: 9032619
September 1998
This guide provides a general overview of the DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700
Port Based VLAN.
Revision/Update Information:
This is a new document.
Cabletron Systems reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information
contained in this document without prior notice. The reader should in all cases consult Cabletron
Systems to determine whether any such changes have been made.
The hardware, firmware, or software described in this manual is subject to change without notice.
IN NO EVENT SHALL CABLETRON SYSTEMS BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES WHATSOEVER (INCLUDING BUT
NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS) ARISING OUT OF OR RELATED TO THIS MANUAL OR
THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN IT, EVEN IF CABLETRON SYSTEMS HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF, KNOWN, OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN, THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
DAMAGES.
 Copyright 1998 by Cabletron Systems, Inc., P.O. Box 5005, Rochester, NH 03866-5005
All Rights Reserved
Printed in the United States of America
Cabletron Systems is a registered trademarks of Cabletron Systems, Inc.
DIGITAL and the DIGITAL logo are trademarks of Digital Equipment Corporation.
All other product names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered trademarks of
their respective companies.
Contents
PREFACE
Structure of This Guide .............................................................................v
Document Conventions .............................................................................v
Related Documentation............................................................................vi
Correspondence.......................................................................................vi
Documentation Comments .............................................................vi
World Wide Web.............................................................................vi
Getting Help ............................................................................................ vii
CHAPTER 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
Defining VLANs ........................................................................... 1-1
Types of VLANs........................................................................... 1-3
1.2.1 Port Based VLANs .......................................................... 1-3
1.2.2 Other VLAN Strategies ................................................... 1-3
Benefits and Restrictions............................................................. 1-3
VLAN Terms ................................................................................ 1-4
CHAPTER 2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
3.2
3.3
VLAN OPERATION
Description................................................................................... 2-1
VLAN Components ...................................................................... 2-1
Configuration Process ................................................................. 2-2
2.3.1 Defining a VLAN ............................................................. 2-2
2.3.2 Assigning Ports to a VLAN.............................................. 2-2
2.3.3 Customizing the VLAN’s Forwarding List........................ 2-2
2.3.4 Customizing the Port’s Egress List ................................. 2-3
2.3.5 Setting the Operational Mode ......................................... 2-3
VLAN Switch Operation ............................................................... 2-3
2.4.1 Receiving Frames from VLAN Ports ............................... 2-4
2.4.2 Forwarding Decisions ..................................................... 2-5
CHAPTER 3
3.1
VIRTUAL LOCAL AREA NETWORKS
VLAN CONFIGURATION
Summary of VLAN Local Management ....................................... 3-1
3.1.1 Preparing for VLAN Configuration .................................. 3-1
VLAN Main Menu Screen ............................................................ 3-2
Device/VLAN Configuration Screen ............................................ 3-4
3.3.1 Defining a VLAN ............................................................. 3-6
3.3.2 Renaming a VLAN .......................................................... 3-7
3.3.3 Deleting a VLAN ............................................................. 3-7
3.3.4 Enabling VLANs.............................................................. 3-8
3.3.5 Disabling VLANs ............................................................. 3-8
3.3.6 Changing the VLAN Operation Mode ............................. 3-8
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
iii
Contents
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.3.7 Changing the Forwarding Mode ......................................3-9
3.3.8 Paging Through the VLAN List........................................3-9
Port Assignment Screen ............................................................3-10
3.4.1 Changing the Port Mode ...............................................3-11
3.4.2 Assigning a VLAN ID.....................................................3-12
3.4.3 Paging Through the Port List.........................................3-13
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen ....................................3-14
3.5.1 Viewing Current VLAN Ports .........................................3-15
3.5.2 Paging Through VLAN Forwarding List Entries.............3-16
3.5.3 Adding Forwarding List Entries .....................................3-16
3.5.4 Deleting Forwarding List Entries ...................................3-17
3.5.5 Changing the Frame Format .........................................3-17
Quick VLAN Walkthrough ..........................................................3-17
CHAPTER 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
EXAMPLES
Example 1 ....................................................................................4-1
4.1.1 Solving the Problem ........................................................4-2
4.1.2 Frame Handling...............................................................4-3
Example 2 ....................................................................................4-4
4.2.1 Solving the Problem ........................................................4-6
4.2.2 Frame Handling...............................................................4-7
Example 3 ..................................................................................4-11
4.3.1 Solving the Problem ......................................................4-13
4.3.2 Frame Handling.............................................................4-14
INDEX
iv
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
PREFACE
Welcome to the DIGITAL Port Based VLAN User’s Guide. This guide
introduces and describes port based Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN)
technology and the VLAN Local Management screens used to configure
the MultiSwitch 700 product used in port based VLAN environments.
The term “port based VLAN” will be used throughout this
document to refer to prestandard IEEE 802.1Q Virtual Local
Area Networks.
STRUCTURE OF THIS GUIDE
This guide is organized as follows:
Chapter 1, Virtual Local Area Networks, presents the basic concepts of
VLANs, including their benefits and uses. This chapter also provides
information about the organization of this guide and references to available
assistance and related documents.
Chapter 2, VLAN Operation, describes the operation of a port based
VLAN, describes the steps necessary to prepare a port based VLAN aware
switch for VLAN operation, and examines the operation of a port based
VLAN switch.
Chapter 3, VLAN Configuration, presents the Local Management screens
used in port based VLAN configuration and explains their use.
Chapter 4, Examples, offers examples of port based VLANs and explains
how network transmissions are treated by the components of each VLAN.
DOCUMENT CONVENTIONS
Throughout this guide, the following symbols are used to call attention to
important information.
Note symbol. Calls the reader’s attention to any item of
information that may be of special importance.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
v
Preface
RELATED DOCUMENTATION
Other DIGITAL documents that may be useful for understanding some of
the concepts introduced or discussed in this guide are listed below:
•
The DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Overview and Setup Guide.
•
This manual can be obtained from the World Wide Web in Adobe
Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) at the following site:
http://www.networks.digital.com
CORRESPONDENCE
Documentation Comments
If you have comments or suggestions about this manual, send them to
DIGITAL Network Products:
Attn.:
Documentation Project Manager
E-MAIL:
doc_quality@lkg.mts.dec.com
World Wide Web
To locate product-specific information, refer to the DIGITAL Network
products Home Page on the World Wide Web at the following locations:
vi
North America:
http://www.networks.digital.com
Europe:
http://www.networks.europe.digital.com
Asia Pacific:
http://www.networks.digital.com.au
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Preface
GETTING HELP
Contact your DIGITAL representative for technical support. Before
calling, have the following information ready:
•
A description of the failure
•
A description of any action(s) already taken to resolve the problem
(e.g., changing mode switches, rebooting the unit, etc.)
•
A description of your network environment (layout, cable type, etc.)
•
Network load and frame size at the time of trouble (if known)
•
The device history (i.e., have you returned the device before, is this a
recurring problem, etc.)
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
vii
CHAPTER 1
VIRTUAL LOCAL AREA NETWORKS
This chapter introduces the concepts of Virtual Local Area Networks
(VLANs) and discusses the central concepts of prestandard IEEE 802.1Q
VLANs.
1.1
DEFINING VLANS
A Virtual Local Area Network is a group of devices that function as a
single Local Area Network segment (broadcast domain). The devices that
make up a particular VLAN may be widely separated, both by geography
and location in the network.
The creation of VLANs allows users located in separate areas or
connected to separate ports to belong to a single VLAN group. Users that
are assigned to such a group will send and receive broadcast and multicast
traffic as though they were all connected to a single network segment.
VLAN aware switches isolate broadcast and multicast traffic received
from VLAN groups, keeping broadcasts from stations in a VLAN
confined to that VLAN.
When stations are assigned to a VLAN, the performance of their network
connection is not changed. Stations connected to switched ports do not
sacrifice the performance of the dedicated switched link to participate in
the VLAN. As a VLAN is not a physical location, but a membership, the
network switches determine VLAN membership by associating a VLAN
with a particular port.
Figure 1-1shows a simple example of a port based VLAN. Two buildings
house the Sales and Finance departments of a single company, and each
building has its own internal network. The stations in each building
connect to a MultiSwitch 700 in the basement. The two switches are
connected to one another with a high speed link.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
1-1
Chapter 1: Virtual Local Area Networks
Building One
S
S
F
Building Two
S
S
F
F
1 9
A
1
trunk
MultiSwitch
S
S
Member of Sales Network
8
7 6
S
F
B
MultiSwitch
F
Member of Finance Network
2263-01
Figure 1-1 Example of a VLAN
In this example, the Sales and Finance workstations have been placed on
two separate VLANs. In a plain Ethernet environment, the entire network
is a broadcast domain, and the two switches follow the IEEE 802.1d
bridging specification to send data between stations. A broadcast or
multicast transmission from a Sales workstation in Building One would
propagate to all the switch ports on MultiSwitch A, cross the high speed
link to MultiSwitch B, and be propagated to all the switch ports on
MultiSwitch B. The switches treat each port as being equivalent to any
other port, and have no understanding of the departmental memberships
of each workstation.
In a port based VLAN environment, each MultiSwitch 700 understands
that certain individual ports are members of separate workgroups. In this
environment, a broadcast or multicast data transmission from one of the
Sales stations in Building One would reach MultiSwitch A, be sent to the
ports connected to other local members of the Sales VLAN, cross the high
speed link to MultiSwitch B, and then be sent to any other ports and
workstations on MultiSwitch B that are members of the Sales VLAN.
1-2
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Types of VLANs
1.2
TYPES OF VLANS
There are a number of different strategies for creating Virtual Local Area
Networks, each with their own approaches to defining a station’s
membership in a particular VLAN.
1.2.1
Port Based VLANs
A port based VLAN switch determines the membership of a data frame
by examining the configuration of the port that received the transmission
or reading a portion of the data frame’s tag header. A four-byte field in the
header is used to identify the VLAN. This VLAN identification indicates
what VLAN the frame belongs to. If the frame has no tag header, the
switch checks the VLAN setting of the port that received the frame. If the
switch has been configured for port based VLAN support, it assigns the
port’s VLAN identification to the new frame.
1.2.2
Other VLAN Strategies
VLANs may also be created by a variety of addressing schemes,
including the recognition of groups of MAC addresses or types of traffic.
One of the best-known VLAN-like schemes is the use of IP Subnets to
divide networks into smaller subnetworks. These other VLAN types offer
performance advantages and disadvantages that can be quite different
from those available with the port based VLAN strategy.
1.3
BENEFITS AND RESTRICTIONS
The primary benefit of the port based VLAN technology is the
localization of traffic that it provides. This function can offer
improvements in security and performance to stations assigned to a
VLAN.
While the localization of traffic to VLANs can improve security and
performance, it imposes some restrictions on network devices that
participate in the VLAN. If a switch is operating in the “secure mode,” a
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
1-3
Chapter 1: Virtual Local Area Networks
group of users assigned to a single VLAN can communicate with one
another freely, but cannot communicate with users on other VLANs
without the services of a Network Layer (OSI Layer 3) routing device to
make the connection between the VLANs. In the “open” mode, this
restriction does not apply.
In order to set up a VLAN, all the network switch devices that are
assigned to the VLAN must support the prestandard IEEE 802.1Q
specification for port based VLANs. Before you attempt to implement a
VLAN strategy, ensure that the switches under consideration support the
IEEE 802.1Q specification.
1.4
VLAN TERMS
To fully understand the operation and configuration of port based
VLANs, it is essential to understand the meanings of several key terms.
VLAN ID
A unique number (between 1 and 4095) that identifies a particular VLAN.
VLAN Name
A 32-character alphanumeric name associated with a VLAN ID. The
VLAN Name is intended to make user-defined VLANs easier to identify
and remember.
Tag Header (VLAN Tag)
A field within a frame that identifies the VLAN the frame has been
classified into. The Tag Header is inserted into the frame directly after the
Source MAC address field. Twelve bits of the Tag Header are the VLAN
ID. The remaining bits are other control information.
Tagged Frame
A data frame that contains a Tag Header. The Tag Header can be added to
the data frame by a VLAN aware switch to any frame received from a port
that is a member of a VLAN.
Untagged Frame
A data frame that does not have a Tag Header inserted into it.
1-4
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
VLAN Terms
Port VLAN ID (PVID)
An identification that encompasses a particular switch port’s
identification (port 6, module 2) and that port’s VLAN membership. This
identification is used to classify incoming untagged frames when they are
received.
Default VLAN
The VLAN to which all ports are assigned upon initialization. The
Default VLAN has a VLAN ID of 1.
Forwarding List
A list of the ports on a particular device that are eligible to transmit
frames for a selected VLAN. The Forwarding List identifies what ports
are associated with a single VLAN for frame transmission purposes.
Egress List
A per port list of all eligible VLANs that can be forwarded out one
specific port and the frame format of transmissions for that port.The
Egress List specifies what VLANs are associated with a single port for
frame transmission purposes.
Filtering Database
A database structure within the switch that keeps track of the associations
between MAC addresses, VLAN eligibilities, and interface (port)
numbers. The Filtering Database is referred to when a VLAN aware
switch makes a forwarding decision on a frame.
1Q Trunk
A connection between 802.1Q switches that passes only traffic with a
VLAN Tag Header inserted in the frame.
1d Trunk
A connection from a switch that passes only untagged traffic.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
1-5
CHAPTER 2
VLAN OPERATION
This chapter describes the operation of a VLAN switch and discusses the
operations that a VLAN switch performs in response to both normal and
VLAN-originated network traffic.
2.1
DESCRIPTION
Port based VLAN operation is slightly different than the operation of
traditional switched networking systems. These differences are due to the
importance of keeping track of each transmission’s VLAN membership as
it passes from switch to switch or from port to port within a switch.
2.2
VLAN COMPONENTS
Before describing the operation of a port based VLAN, it is important to
understand the basic elements that are combined to make up an 802.1Q
VLAN.
Stations
A station is any end unit that belongs to a network. In the vast majority of
cases, stations are the computers through which the users access the
network.
Switches
In order to configure a group of stations into a VLAN, the stations must
be connected to VLAN aware switches. It is the job of the switch to
classify received frames into VLAN memberships and transmit frames,
according to VLAN membership, with or without a VLAN Tag Header.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide 2-1
Chapter 2: VLAN Operation
2.3
CONFIGURATION PROCESS
A VLAN requires a series of configuration steps in order to begin
operating. Digital MultiSwitch 700 does not default to VLAN mode. The
VLAN operation must be configured and activated through software
management.
The actual steps involved in VLAN configuration using Local
Management are presented in Chapter 3, VLAN
Configuration.This brief section describes the actions that
must be taken in very general terms, and is intended only to aid
in the Administrator’s understanding of VLAN switch operation.
2.3.1
Defining a VLAN
A VLAN must exist and have a unique identity before any ports or rules
can be assigned to it. The Administrator defines a VLAN by assigning it a
unique identification number (the VLAN ID) and an optional name. The
VLAN ID is the number that will identify data frames originating from,
and intended for, the ports that will belong to this new VLAN.
2.3.2
Assigning Ports to a VLAN
Now that a VLAN has been created, individual ports are given
membership in the VLAN. This is accomplished through software
management by associating a VLAN ID with each port on the VLAN
aware switch. This combination of the switch port’s identification and the
VLAN ID becomes the Port VLAN ID (PVID).
At the same time, the Administrator configures any needed trunk ports to
consider themselves members of every VLAN. The configuration of trunk
ports is very important in MultiSwitch 700 VLAN configurations where
VLAN membership applies to users across several switches.
2.3.3
Customizing the VLAN’s Forwarding List
Once the ports that will participate in the VLAN have been associated
with a VLAN ID, the VLAN Forwarding List can be customized. The
information in the Forwarding List tells the VLAN aware switch what
ports are eligible to forward traffic for that particular VLAN.
2-2
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
VLAN Switch Operation
2.3.4
Customizing the Port’s Egress List
When the VLAN Forwarding List is fully configured, the Egress List for
each port may be customized if needed. The entries in the Egress List
allow traffic classified into specific VLANs to be transmitted out the port.
2.3.5
Setting the Operational Mode
Once the VLANs are in place, the operation of the switch is dependent
upon the method of operation specified by the Administrator. All port
based VLAN switches can be set to one of two operational modes: Open
and Secure. The mode configuration of a switch determines how the
switch handles the frames that it receives. The differences between the
two modes are discussed in Section 2.4, VLAN Switch Operation, below.
2.4
VLAN SWITCH OPERATION
Prestandard IEEE 802.1Q VLAN switches act on the classification of
frames into VLANs. Sometimes, VLAN classification is based on tags in
the headers of data frames. These VLAN tags are added to data frames by
the switch as the frames are transmitted out certain interfaces, and are
later used to make forwarding decisions by the switch and other VLAN
aware switches. In the absence of a VLAN Tag header, the classification
of a frame into a particular VLAN depends upon the configuration of the
switch port that received the frame.
The operation of a port based VLAN switch is best understood from a
point of view of the switch itself. To illustrate this concept, the examples
that follow view the switch operations from inside the switch.
Figure 2-1 depicts the inside of a switch with four interfaces, numbered
one through four. The switch knows that interfaces 1 and 2 belong to
VLAN A. Interface 3 belongs to VLAN B. Interface 4 is a trunk port
belonging to all VLANs. At intervals, frames come in to the switch
through these interfaces and are examined.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide 2-3
Chapter 2: VLAN Operation
Interface 1
Interface 2
A
A
B
all
Interface 3
Interface 4
2263n02
Figure 2-1
2.4.1
Inside the Switch
Receiving Frames from VLAN Ports
When a switch is placed in IEEE 802.1Q Operational Mode, every frame
received by the switch must belong to a VLAN.
Untagged Frames
The switch receives a frame from Interface 1 and examines the frame. The
switch notices that this frame does not currently have a VLAN tag. The
switch recognizes that Interface 1 is a member of VLAN A, and classifies
the frame as such. In this fashion, all untagged frames entering a VLAN
switch assume membership in a VLAN.
If a VLAN ID has not been assigned to a port by the
Administrator, the switch will classify frames received from that
port as belonging to the Default VLAN (VLAN ID = 1)
The switch will now make a forwarding decision on the frame based on its
mode of operation, as described in Section 2.4.2, Forwarding Decisions.
2-4
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
VLAN Switch Operation
Tagged Frames
In this example, the switch receives a tagged frame from Interface 4. The
switch examines the frame and notices the frame is tagged for VLAN C.
This frame may have already been through a VLAN aware switch, or
originated from a station capable of specifying a VLAN membership. If a
switch receives a frame containing a tag, the switch will classify the frame
in regard to its tag rather than the PVID for its port.
The switch will now make a forwarding decision on this frame based on
its mode of operation, as described in Section 2.4.2, Forwarding
Decisions.
2.4.2
Forwarding Decisions
The type of frame under consideration and the operational mode of a
VLAN switch determines how it forwards VLAN frames.
2.4.2.1
Broadcasts, Multicasts, and Unknown Unicasts
If a frame with a broadcast, multicast, or other unknown address is
received by a VLAN aware switch, the switch checks the VLAN
classification of the frame. The switch then forwards the frame out all
ports that are identified in the Forwarding List for that VLAN.
2.4.2.2
Known Unicasts
When a VLAN switch receives a frame with a known MAC address as its
destination address, the action taken by the switch to determine whether
the frame is transmitted depends on the operational mode of the switch.
Open Mode
A switch operating in the Open mode examines a known unicast VLAN
frame and makes its forwarding decision based on the destination MAC
address of the frame. This decision only determines if the switch can
identify a single output interface for the destination MAC address of the
frame. If such an interface is identified, the switch will then compare the
VLAN tag of the frame with the VLAN eligibilities in that interface’s
Egress List.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide 2-5
Chapter 2: VLAN Operation
In Open mode, the forwarding decision is based only on the destination
MAC address of the frame. As an example, assume that a frame is
received by the switch depicted in Figure 2-1. This frame is a unicast
untagged frame received from Interface 3. The frame is classified for
VLAN B. The switch makes its forwarding decision by comparing the
destination MAC address to its filtering database. The switch recognizes
the destination MAC address of the frame as being located out Interface 1.
Having made the forwarding decision, the switch now examines the
Egress List of Interface 1 to determine if it may transmit the frame. If
Interface 1 was only a member of VLAN A, the frame would be
discarded. Because the Egress List for Interface 1 does not contain an
eligibility for VLAN B, the frame is discarded.
Secure Mode
If the switch is operating in Secure mode, it makes its forwarding decision
based on different criteria. While Open mode bases the forwarding
decision on only one item in the Filtering Database (the MAC address),
Secure mode makes the decision based on the combination of MAC
address and VLAN match.
For example, the switch shown in Figure 2-1 receives an untagged frame
from Interface 1, and the frame is a unicast intended for a MAC address
that the switch Source Address Table recognizes as being located out
Interface 3. Immediately upon reception, this untagged frame is classified
into a VLAN, VLAN A.
The forwarding decision for the frame is made by examining the Filtering
Database for a match of the destination MAC address and membership in
VLAN A. The switch examines the Filtering Database and finds no
matches for this combination of MAC address and VLAN.
Since no matches were found containing both the destination MAC
address and the desired VLAN, the frame will be forwarded to all ports in
the Forwarding List for VLAN A.
2-6
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
CHAPTER 3
VLAN CONFIGURATION
This chapter describes the VLAN Local Management screens used to
create and configure VLANs in a MultiSwitch 700.
3.1
SUMMARY OF VLAN LOCAL MANAGEMENT
The VLAN configuration process is an extension of normal Local
Management operations. A series of Local Management screens provide
access to the functions and commands necessary to add, change, or delete
VLANs and to assign ports to those VLANs.
Switches supporting port based VLANs will provide the VLAN
Configuration screens as a standard part of their Local Management
hierarchy, if that switch has been configured to operate in 802.1Q Mode.
The hierarchy of the Local Management screens that pertain to port based
VLAN configuration is shown in Figure 3-1.
Device/VLAN Configuration
VLAN Main Menu
Port Assignment
VLAN Forwarding Configuration
2263_03
Figure 3-1
3.1.1
VLAN Screen Hierarchy
Preparing for VLAN Configuration
A little forethought and planning is essential to a good VLAN
implementation. Before attempting to configure a single switch for
VLAN operation, consider the following:
•
How many VLANs will be required
•
What stations will belong to them
•
What ports those stations are connected to
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-1
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
It may also be helpful to sketch out a diagram of your VLAN strategy.
The examples provided in Chapter 4 may be useful for a depiction of the
planning process.
Access Local Management as described in your device’s user’s guide.
Perform all required initial setup operations. Navigate to the VLAN Main
Menu screen to begin VLAN configuration for the device.
3.2
VLAN MAIN MENU SCREEN
The VLAN Main Menu screen enables the user to select screens to assign
switched network ports to VLANs, configure switch operation, and define
new VLANs. Network users can be logically grouped into VLANs even if
they span long physical distances over a vast, intricate physical network.
The VLAN Local Management menu items listed on the VLAN Main
Menu allow such VLANs to be configured on a network at the switched
port of the device or MultiSwitch 700 chassis.
Before attempting VLAN configuration, be certain the device to be so
configured has been set for 802.1Q mode. The mode selection is a Local
Management operation that is accessible through the General
Configuration screen of the device.
To access the VLAN Main Menu screen from the module, device, or
chassis specific Configuration Menu screen, use the arrow keys to
highlight the 802.1Q VLAN CONFIGURATION menu item and press
ENTER. The VLAN Main Menu screen, Figure 3-2, displays.
3-2
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
VLAN Main Menu Screen
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
VLAN Main Menu
DEVICE/VLAN CONFIGURATION
PORT ASSIGNMENT
VLAN FORWARDING CONFIGURATION
EXIT
RETURN
2263n04
Figure 3-2
VLAN Main Menu Screen
The following describes each menu item on the VLAN Main Menu
screen:
DEVICE/VLAN CONFIGURATION
The Device/VLAN Configuration screen enables the user to view, add,
enable, or disable VLANs within a network switch device. It also enables
the user to configure attributes that apply to the entire switch and/or
VLANs. Refer to Section 3.3 for additional information.
PORT ASSIGNMENT
The Port Assignment screen displays a list of ports and enables the user to
assign a Port VLAN ID (PVID) to each port. The Port Assignment screen
also allows the user to change the operational mode of a port. Refer to
Section 3.4 for additional information.
VLAN FORWARDING CONFIGURATION
The VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen enables the user to define or
view which ports are included in the VLAN’s Forwarding List and
whether to include a Tag Header in a frame being transmitted. Refer to
Section 3.5 for additional information.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-3
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
3.3
DEVICE/VLAN CONFIGURATION SCREEN
The Device/VLAN Configuration screen enables the user to define
operating characteristics for the switch and enables the user to add, delete,
enable, and disable VLANs. The screen will display up to six VLANs
simultaneously.
To access the Device/VLAN Configuration screen from the VLAN Main
Menu, use the arrow keys to highlight the DEVICE/VLAN
CONFIGURATION menu item and press ENTER. The Device/VLAN
Configuration screen, Figure 3-3, displays.
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Device/VLAN
Configuration
VLAN Operation Mode: [SECURE]
Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports: [NO]
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
VLAN ID
1
VLAN ID:
1
Admin Status
[ENABLED ]
VLAN Name: DEFAULT VLAN
SAVE
[ADD]
EXIT
RETURN
2273n05
Figure 3-3
Device/VLAN Configuration Screen
The following defines each field of the Device/VLAN Configuration
Screen:
VLAN Operation Mode (Toggle)
Displays the security mode used by the VLAN switch. This field toggles
between OPEN or SECURE. The Secure mode classifies frames as
known if a MAC address and VLAN combination in the Filtering
Database is found. Open mode classifies a frame as known if a MAC
address match is located.
3-4
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Device/VLAN Configuration Screen
Forward Default VLAN Out All Ports (Toggle)
Allows the Administrator to assign or remove the default VLAN from the
Egress List for all ports. When set to YES, the default VLAN is added to
the Egress List of all ports that do not already include it. When set to NO,
the default VLAN is removed from the Egress List of any port that does
not have the default VLAN as its PVID.
VLAN ID - upper part of screen (Read-Only)
A list of the assigned VLAN IDs that are configured in the module.
Initially, only the Default VLAN (VLAN ID: 1) is listed.
VLAN Name - upper part of screen (Read-Only)
A list of the names assigned to the corresponding VLAN IDs.
Admin Status (Toggle)
The current state of the associated VLAN. This field toggles between
ENABLED and DISABLED. An Enabled VLAN is operational and a
disabled VLAN is not.
VLAN ID - lower part of screen (Input)
Accepts input from the user to define new VLAN IDs, modify VLAN
Names or to select existing VLAN IDs for deletion.
VLAN Name - lower part of screen (Input)
Accepts input from the user to assign names to new VLANs. The VLAN
Name is an optional attribute of a VLAN, and is not required for VLAN
operation.
ADD/DEL (Toggle)
Toggles the action taken between adding the named VLAN to the switch
or deleting the named VLAN from the switch.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-5
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
3.3.1
Defining a VLAN
To define a VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field.
2. Enter the VLAN ID using a unique number between 2 and 4094. The
VLAN IDs of 0, 1, and 4095 are reserved and may not be used for
user-defined VLANs.
If an illegal number is entered, the Event Message Line will display:
”PERMISSIBLE RANGE FOR VLAN IDS: 2 to 4095” and the field
will refresh with the previous value.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN Name field.
Each VLAN ID must be unique. If a duplicate VLAN ID is
entered, the switch assumes that the Administrator intends to
modify the existing VLAN.
4. Type a name of up to 32 ASCII characters in the VLAN Name field
(optional).
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the [ADD/DEL] field.
6. Press the SPACE bar to select ADD for a defined VLAN. Press
ENTER. The new VLAN will be added to the VLAN list. The message
“VLAN ADDED” displays in the Event Message Line in the upper
left-hand corner of the screen.
The VLAN will not be saved to the switch until the configuration is
saved.
7. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3-6
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Device/VLAN Configuration Screen
3.3.2
Renaming a VLAN
To change the name of an existing VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Enter the VLAN ID. The VLAN Name field will automatically update
to display the VLAN’s current name.
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN Name field.
3. Type a name of up to 32 ASCII characters in the VLAN Name field.
Press ENTER. If the name is valid, the Event Message Line in the
upper left hand corner of the screen displays “VLAN NAME
CHANGED”.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.3.3
Deleting a VLAN
To delete a VLAN from the current VLAN list, proceed as follows:
1. Enter the VLAN ID. The VLAN Name field will automatically update
to display the VLAN’s name if that VLAN has been previously
configured.
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the [ADD/DEL] field.
3. Press the SPACE bar to select DEL. Press ENTER. The VLAN is
removed from the list. The message “VLAN DELETED” displays in
the Event Message Line in the upper left-hand corner of the screen.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
The default VLAN cannot be deleted from the list.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-7
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
3.3.4
Enabling VLANs
To enable a VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Admin Status field of the selected
VLAN.
2. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to display ENABLED.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.3.5
Disabling VLANs
To disable a VLAN, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Admin Status field of the selected
VLAN.
2. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to display DISABLED.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
The default VLAN cannot be disabled.
3.3.6
Changing the VLAN Operation Mode
To change the operational mode of the switch, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN Operation Mode field.
2. Press the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE to toggle between SECURE
and OPEN.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3-8
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Device/VLAN Configuration Screen
3.3.7
Changing the Forwarding Mode
To change the forwarding mode of the switch, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Forward Default VLAN Out All
Ports field.
2. Press the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE to toggle between YES and
NO. The YES selection places the default VLAN (VLAN ID=1) in the
Egress Lists of all ports on the switch. The NO selection removes the
default VLAN from the Egress Lists of all ports, unless those ports
have a PVID of 1 (those belonging to only the Default VLAN).
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.3.8
Paging Through the VLAN List
To display additional VLANs that do not display in the current VLANs
List as shown on the screen, use the NEXT or PREVIOUS commands
located at the bottom of the screen, as follows:
The NEXT and PREVIOUS fields will only display if there are
further VLAN List entries to page through.
1. To display the next screen, use the arrow keys to highlight NEXT.
Press ENTER to view the entries on the next screen.
2. To display the previous screen, use the arrow keys to highlight
PREVIOUS. Press ENTER to view the entries on the previous screen.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-9
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
3.4
PORT ASSIGNMENT SCREEN
The Port Assignment screen enables the user to select a mode of operation
for each port and to assign a Port VLAN Identification (PVID) to each
port.
To access the Port Assignment screen from the VLAN Main Menu, use
the arrow keys to highlight the PORT ASSIGNMENT menu item and
press ENTER. The Port Assignment screen, Figure 3-4, displays.
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Por t
Module
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
SAVE
Por t
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Por t Mode
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[2]
Module
Assignment
VLAN ID
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
[0001]
NEXT
VLAN
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
DEFAULT
Name
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
VLAN
EXIT
RETURN
2263n06
Figure 3-4
Port Assignment Screen
The following defines each field of the Port Assignment screen:
Module (Read-Only)
Indicates the module number (slot number in the chassis) of the device
being configured.
Port (Read-Only)
Lists the port numbers of the interfaces of the current module.
Port Mode (Selectable)
Displays the current operational mode for the corresponding port.
3-10
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Port Assignment Screen
VLAN ID (Selectable)
The ID number of the VLAN that is associated with the current port. This
is the VLAN ID that any untagged frame will be classified into.
VLAN Name (Read-Only)
The name that is associated with the current VLAN ID.
3.4.1
Changing the Port Mode
To change the operational mode of a port, proceed as follows.
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the PORT MODE field for the
module and port combination you wish to change.
2. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step through the available
selections. A port may be configured for any of the following modes:
a. 1Q TRUNK: This mode sets the port for transmitting to another
802.1Q aware device. In this mode, all frames are transmitted with
a tag header included in the frame (excluding BPDUs). The switch
will drop all untagged frames it receives on the 1Q Trunk port. The
port’s Egress List includes all VLANs.
b. 1d TRUNK: This mode sets the port for transmitting to a legacy
802.1d switch fabric and allows multiple VLANs to share
services. In this mode, all frames are transmitted untagged, and the
switch expects to receive only untagged frames through the
1d Trunk port. This mode also updates the Egress List for the port
to be eligible for all VLANs. The 1d Trunk mode can be used in
conjunction with the Open Mode (see Section 2.3.5, Setting the
Operational Mode) and the Default VLAN to share a connection
among multiple VLANs, for example, making a server available
to two or more separate VLANs.
c. HYBRID: This mode assigns the PVID and the forwarding list of
the Default VLAN to the port. If the PVID changes, the result is
the replacement of the previous PVID with the new PVID in the
Egress List. The exception to this is that the Default PVID does
remain on the list if the switch is configured to forward the Default
VLAN out all ports. The forwarding list always has an untagged
frame format for the entry that matches the PVID. A Hybrid port
will receive and allow both tagged and untagged frames.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-11
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
3. When the desired operational mode for the port is displayed, use the
arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the
screen.
4. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.4.2
Assigning a VLAN ID
The Port Assignment screen also enables the user to set each port’s
VLAN ID (PVID) by stepping through a list of all configured VLANs. To
assign a VLAN ID to a port in this manner, perform the following steps:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the MODULE field number at the
bottom of the screen. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step
sequentially through the available module numbers.
2. When the desired module is selected, press ENTER.
It may be necessary to use the NEXT and PREVIOUS
commands to page through the available ports on the selected
module. For instructions, refer to Section 3.4.3, Paging
Through the Port List.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field for the module and
port combination you wish to change.
4. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step sequentially through
the previously configured VLAN ID numbers. Only existing VLAN
IDs will be displayed.
New VLAN IDs must be created with the functions available on
the Device/VLAN Configuration screen, discussed in
Section 3.3.
5. When the desired VLAN ID is displayed, use the arrow keys to
highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of the screen.
6. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3-12
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Port Assignment Screen
3.4.3
Paging Through the Port List
To display additional port and module combinations that do not display in
the current screen, use the NEXT or PREVIOUS commands at the
bottom of the screen, as follows:
The NEXT and PREVIOUS fields will only display if there are
further Port List entries to page through.
1. To display the next screen, use the arrow keys to highlight NEXT.
Press ENTER to view the entries on the next screen.
2. To display the previous screen, use the arrow keys to highlight
PREVIOUS. Press ENTER to view the entries on the previous screen.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-13
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
3.5
VLAN FORWARDING CONFIGURATION SCREEN
The VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen enables the user to view the
ports included in a VLAN’s Forwarding List. The user can also define
which ports to include in the VLAN’s Forwarding List. The formats of the
frames (Tagged or Untagged) that a VLAN port will forward can also be
specified with this screen.
To access the VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen from the VLAN
Main Menu screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN
FORWARDING CONFIGURATION menu item and press ENTER.
The VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen, Figure 3-5, displays.
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
VLAN Forwarding
C u r r e n t V L A N Po r t s
Module
Module
Module
Module
Module
Module
Module
Module
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
Po r t
Po r t
Po r t
Po r t
Po r t
Po r t
Po r t
Po r t
Po r t
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
VLAN ID: [
1]
Module:
Po r t :
S AV E
[3]
Configuration
Frame Format
Ty p e
Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet
Ethernet
U n t agg e d
U n t agg e d
U n t agg e d
U n t agg e d
U n t agg e d
U n t agg e d
U n t agg e d
U n t agg e d
F ro n t p a n e l
F ro n t p a n e l
F ro n t p a n e l
F ro n t p a n e l
F ro n t p a n e l
F ro n t p a n e l
F ro n t p a n e l
F ro n t p a n e l
V L A N N A M E : D E FAU LT V L A N
[
1] Ethernet
F ro n t p a n e l
[ADD]
F r a m e F o r m a t : [ U N TAG G E D ]
EXIT
NEXT
RETURN
2263n07
Figure 3-5
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen
The following defines each field of the VLAN Forwarding Configuration
screen:
Current VLAN Ports (Read-Only)
Lists the ports of the module that are members of the selected VLAN.
Port Type (Read-Only)
The MIB2 interface description for the selected switch port.
3-14
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
VLAN Forwarding Configuration Screen
Frame Format- upper part of screen (Read-Only)
The format of frames (TAGGED or UNTAGGED) that the port is
currently forwarding.
VLAN ID (Selectable)
The number of the VLAN under examination. This screen displays the
Forwarding List for the VLAN ID in this field.
VLAN Name (Read-Only)
The name associated with the VLAN ID.
ADD/DEL (Toggle)
Swaps the action taken between adding a port to the Forwarding List or
removing the port from the Forwarding List.
Module (Selectable)
The module number (slot number in the chassis) of the device being
configured. This field is not selectable if the device being configured is a
standalone switch.
Port (Selectable)
The port number of the interface being configured.
Frame Format- lower part of screen (Toggle)
Selects the format of frames (TAGGED or UNTAGGED) that will be
transmitted by the selected port for this VLAN.
3.5.1
Viewing Current VLAN Ports
To display the Forwarding List for a particular VLAN, proceed as
follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field. Use the SPACE
bar or BACKSPACE to step to the desired VLAN ID and VLAN
Name.
2. Press ENTER. The screen updates to display the Forwarding List for
the selected VLAN.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-15
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
3.5.2
Paging Through VLAN Forwarding List Entries
To display additional entries in the VLAN Forwarding List that do not
appear on the screen, use the NEXT or PREVIOUS commands located at
the bottom of the screen, as follows:
1. To display the next screen, use the arrow keys to highlight NEXT.
Press ENTER to view the entries on the next screen.
2. To display the previous screen, use the arrow keys to highlight
PREVIOUS. Press ENTER to view the entries on the previous screen.
3.5.3
Adding Forwarding List Entries
To add a port to the VLAN Forwarding List, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field. Use the SPACE
bar or BACKSPACE to step to the desired VLAN ID and VLAN
Name. Press ENTER.
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Module field. Step through the
available modules by pressing the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field. Step through the
available ports on the module with the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the [ADD/DEL] field. Press the
SPACE bar to select [ADD]. Press ENTER.
The Forwarding List entry will be added to the list of current VLANs
once the configuration is saved.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
6. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
The port is added to the Forwarding List for the selected VLAN. At the
same time, the Egress List for the port so assigned is updated to contain
the new VLAN and Frame Format.
3-16
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
3.5.4
Deleting Forwarding List Entries
To remove a port from the currently displayed VLAN Forwarding List,
proceed as follows:
1. Enter the VLAN ID.
2. Enter the VLAN name.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the [ADD/DEL] field.
4. Press the SPACE bar to select [DEL]. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
6. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays. The port has
been removed from the VLAN list.
3.5.5
Changing the Frame Format
To change the frame format for a port, proceed as follows:
1. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Module field. Use the SPACE bar
or BACKSPACE to step to the desired module and port combination.
Press ENTER.
2. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port field. Step through the
available ports by pressing the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE.
3. Using the arrow keys, select the Frame Format field. Use the SPACE
bar or BACKSPACE to toggle between TAGGED or UNTAGGED.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
5. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays.
3.6
QUICK VLAN WALKTHROUGH
The procedures below provide a short tutorial walkthrough that presents
each of the steps necessary to configure a new VLAN and assign a port to
it. You may wish to follow this walkthrough from start to finish before
attempting to configure your own VLANs.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-17
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
This walkthrough begins at the VLAN Main Menu screen for a
DLM6C-AA chassis. Follow the instructions in your device user’s guide
to navigate to this Local Management screen.
The screens displayed by your devices may be marginally
different from those shown in the illustrations for this
walkthrough.
1. On the VLAN Main Menu screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the
DEVICE/VLAN CONFIGURATION menu item. Press ENTER.
The Device/VLAN Configuration screen displays.
2. Verify the current VLAN Operation Mode (SECURE) and
Forwarding Mode (NO). If these fields display values other than those
given here, follow the instructions in Section 3.3.6 and Section 3.3.7.
3. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field. Assign a number
to a new VLAN by typing the number “2” in the VLAN ID field.
4. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN Name field. Type “TEST
VLAN” in the VLAN Name field. Press ENTER.
5. Use the arrow keys to highlight the [ADD/DEL] field.
6. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to [ADD]. Press ENTER. The
VLAN is added to the list.
7. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays. The
screen refreshes and VLAN 2, the TEST VLAN has been added to the
Device/VLAN Configuration screen. The screen should now look like
Figure 3-6.
•
3-18
This new VLAN is currently disabled, as the DISABLED field to
the far right shows. When all the rules and settings for the VLAN
are in place, we will return to this screen and enable the VLAN.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
D ev i c e / V L A N C o n f i g u r a t i o n
VLAN Operation Mode: [SECURE]
Forward Default Vlan Out ALL Ports: [NO]
VLAN ID
1
2
VLAN ID:
VLAN Name
DEFAUL VLAN
TEST VLAN
2
Admiin Status
[ENABLED ]
[DISABLED]
VLAN NAME: TEST VLAN
[ADD]
EXIT
SAVE
RETURN
2263n08
Figure 3-6
Walkthrough Stage One
We can now proceed to assign a port to this new VLAN.
8. Use the arrow keys to highlight the RETURN command at the bottom
of the screen. Press ENTER. The VLAN Main Menu screen displays.
Use the arrow keys to select the PORT ASSIGNMENT menu item
and press ENTER. The Port Assignment screen displays.
9. Use the arrow keys to highlight the MODULE field number at the
bottom of the screen. Use the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step
sequentially through the available module numbers. The ports and
configuration of the module will be automatically updated.
•
For the purposes of this walkthrough, we have elected to configure
port 3 on module 2.
10. Use the arrow keys to highlight the VLAN ID field for the module and
port combination you wish to change.
•
As this port will connect to a single workstation, and is not to be
used for switch-to-switch communications, it is not necessary to
change the PORT MODE from the default setting of HYBRID.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-19
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
11. Use the SPACE bar to step sequentially through the previously
configured VLAN ID numbers. When the number 2 (the new VLAN
ID) is displayed, the VLAN Name field updates and displays the name
assigned to this VLAN, TEST VLAN.
12. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen. Press ENTER. The PVID for Port 3 on module 2 is now
configured to the TEST VLAN. The TEST VLAN is also added to the
Egress List for Port 3 on Module 2 with a frame format of Untagged.
The screen should now look like Figure 3-7.
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Po r t A s s i g n m e n t
Module
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
SAVE
Port
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Module:
Port Mode
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[2]
VLAN
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0002
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
NEXT
ID
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
TEST VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
EXIT
RETURN
2263n09
Figure 3-7
Walkthrough Stage Two
Now that port 3 on module 2 belongs to the TEST VLAN, we will
designate one port as a 1Q Trunk port for a connection to another VLAN
aware switch. This 1Q Trunk port will carry traffic from all VLANs,
allowing VLAN frames to maintain their VLAN ID across multiple
switches.
•
For the purposes of this walkthrough, port 10 on module 2 will be
configured as the trunk port.
13. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Port Mode field for port 10. Use
the SPACE bar or BACKSPACE key to step sequentially through the
possible settings of the port until 1Q TRUNK is displayed.
3-20
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Quick VLAN Walkthrough
14. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen. Press ENTER. Port 10 is now acting as a 1Q Trunk port and
every VLAN is in its Egress List. All frame formats for this new 1Q
Trunk port are set to tagged. The screen should now look like
Figure 3-8.
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
Po r t A s s i g n m e n t
Module
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
SAVE
Port
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Module:
Port Mode
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[1Q TRUNK]
[HYBRID]
[HYBRID]
[2]
VLAN
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0002
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
[ 0001
NEXT
ID
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
]
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
TEST VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
DEFAULT VLAN
EXIT
RETURN
2263n10
Figure 3-8
Walkthrough Stage Three
Now that The TEST VLAN and the 1Q Trunk connection are set up, we
can proceed to activate the TEST VLAN.
15. On the VLAN Main Menu screen, use the arrow keys to highlight the
DEVICE/VLAN CONFIGURATION menu item. Press ENTER.
The Device/VLAN Configuration screen, shown in Figure 3-9,
displays.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
3-21
Chapter 3: VLAN Configuration
MS 700 LOCAL MANAGEMENT
D ev i c e / V L A N C o n f i g u r a t y i o n
VLAN Operation Mode: [ SECURE ]
Forward Default VLAN Out ALL Ports: [NO ]
VLAN Name
DEFAULT VLAN
TEST VALN
VLAN ID
1
2
VLAN ID : 1
Admin Status
[ ENABLED ]
[ ENABLED ]
VLAN Name : DEFAULT VLAN
SAVE
EXIT
RETURN
2263n10a
Figure 3-9
Final Walkthrough Stage
16. Use the arrow keys to highlight the Admin Status field of VLAN
ID 2, the TEST VLAN.
17. Press the SPACE bar to toggle the field to display [ENABLED].
18. Use the arrow keys to highlight the SAVE command at the bottom of
the screen.
19. Press ENTER. The message “SAVED OK” displays. The switch
activates the new VLAN.
This effectively completes the configuration of a single VLAN, a VLAN
port, and a 1Q Trunk port.
3-22
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
CHAPTER 4
EXAMPLES
This chapter provides examples of how VLAN aware MultiSwitch 700
can be configured to group users at the port level to create VLANs in
existing networks. Each example presents a problem and shows how it is
solved by configuring the switches using the VLAN Local Management
screens. The actual procedures and screens used to configure a VLAN
aware switch are covered in , Chapter 3,VLAN Configuration. Also
provided in the discussion of each example is a description of how the
frames transmitted from one user would traverse the network to its target
device.
4.1
EXAMPLE 1
This first example looks at the configuration of a single Ethernet switch
for VLAN operation. In this example, two groups of three users are to be
assigned to two VLANs to isolate them from one another. The blue users
(B1, B2, B3) are to be kept completely separate from the red users (R1,
R2, R3). Figure 4-1 shows the initial state of the switch.
R1
R2
R3
802.1Q Switch
1
4
2
5
3
6
B3
B2
B1
2263_11
Figure 4-1
Initial Switch State
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-1
Chapter 4: Examples
4.1.1
Solving the Problem
To set up this switch, users will be assigned to two new VLANs, red
stations to the Red VLAN, and blue stations to the Blue VLAN. The
information below describes how the switch is configured to create these
two VLANs and how users are assigned to them.
1. First, the switch is set for 802.1Q operation and the operational mode
is set. Since traffic isolation is to be based on VLAN membership
alone, the switch is set to SECURE mode from the VLAN
Configuration screen.
2. The Administrator uses the Device/VLAN Configuration screen to
define the two VLANs for this switch; the Red VLAN, with a VLAN
ID of 002, and the Blue VLAN, with a VLAN ID of 003.
3. The Administrator brings up the Port Administration screen and
assigns the interfaces to the VLANs.
4-2
•
Interfaces 1, 2, and 3: VLAN ID 002 (Red VLAN)
•
Interfaces 4, 5, and 6: VLAN ID 003 (Blue VLAN)
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 1
4. Now that the ports have been assigned, the VLANs are enabled from
the Device/VLAN Configuration screen. The switch automatically
updates the Forwarding Lists for the Red and Blue VLANs and
updates the Egress Lists for all the ports on the switch.
R1
802.1Q Switch
1
VLAN ID 002
R2
2
VLAN ID 002
R2
3
VLAN ID 002
B3
4
VLAN ID 003
5
B2
VLAN ID 003
6
B1
VLAN ID 003
2263_12
Figure 4-2
Switch Configured for VLANs
The switch will now classify each frame received as belonging to either
the Red or Blue VLANs. Traffic from one VLAN will not be forwarded to
the members of the other VLAN, and all frames transmitted by the switch
will be normal, untagged Ethernet frames.
4.1.2
Frame Handling
This section describes the operations of the switch when two frames are
received. The first frame is a broadcast sent by station R1.
1. Station R1 transmits the broadcast frame. The switch receives this
frame on Interface 1. As the frame is received, the switch classifies it.
The frame is untagged, so the switch classifies it as belonging to the
VLAN that Interface 1 is assigned to, the Red VLAN.
2. At the same time, the switch adds the source MAC address of the
frame and VLAN it was learned from to its Source Address Table. In
this fashion it learns that station R1 is located out Interface 1.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-3
Chapter 4: Examples
3. Once the frame is classified, its destination MAC address is examined.
The switch discovers that the frame is a broadcast, and treats it as it
would any other unknown destination MAC address. The switch
forwards the frame out all ports in the Red VLAN’s Forwarding List.
In this case, the frame is sent to Interfaces 2 and 3.
The second frame is a unicast, where station R2 responds to station R1’s
broadcast.
4. Station R2, having received the broadcast from R1 and recognized it,
transmits a unicast frame as a response. The switch receives this frame
on Interface 2. The switch classifies this new untagged frame as
belonging to the Red VLAN.
5. The switch adds the source MAC address and VLAN for station R2 to
its Source Address Table, and checks the Source Address Table for the
destination MAC address given in the frame. The switch finds the
MAC address and VLAN in this table, and recognizes that the MAC
address and VLAN match for R1 is located out Interface 1.
6. The switch examines the Egress List for interface 1 and determines
that the port is configured to forward untagged frames classified into
the Red VLAN. The switch transmits the frame with no VLAN tag
header.
7. The switch forwards the frame out Interface 1. Any other unicast
transmissions between stations R1 and R2 will be handled identically.
4.2
EXAMPLE 2
This second example investigates the steps that must be taken to set up
VLANs across multiple port based VLAN switches. This includes the
configuration and operation of 1Q Trunks between port based VLAN
switches.
4-4
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 2
As shown in Figure 4-3, two companies, “Redco” and “Blue Industries”,
share floors 2 and 4 in a building where the network infrastructure is
supplied by the building owner. The objective is to completely isolate the
network traffic of the two companies by limiting the user’s traffic through
the ports of two switches, thus maintaining security and shielding the
network traffic from each company. This example will show the use and
configuration of a 1Q Trunk connection and the creation of VLANs
across multiple switches.
Redco
Blue Industries
2
User A
Bridge 1
Bridge 2
1
Red VLAN
4
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
Floor 3
Redco
Blue Industries
2
Bridge 4
Bridge 3
1
Blue VLAN
2
File Server
3
Red VLAN
Floor 2
Floor 1
User
802.1d Legacy Bridge
802.1Q VLAN-Aware Switch
File Server
2263n13
Figure 4-3 Example 2
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-5
Chapter 4: Examples
4.2.1
Solving the Problem
To solve the problem in this example, the users are assigned to VLANs
using Switch 4 and Switch 2 as shown in Figure 4-3. Redco users are
assigned to the Red VLAN and Blue Industries users to the Blue VLAN.
The following information shows how Switch 4 and Switch 2 are
configured to create the two VLANs to isolate the users of the two
companies from one another on the network using the existing
infrastructure.
Switch 4
Switch 4 is set as follows:
1. The VLAN Operational Mode is set to SECURE using the
Device/VLAN Configuration screen.
2. Two VLANs are added to the list of VLANs in the Device/VLAN
Configuration screen. In this example they are as follows:
•
VLAN ID 222 with a VLAN Name of Red
•
VLAN ID 223 with a VLAN Name of Blue
3. A Port VLAN ID is assigned to each port (1, 3, and 4) as follows using
the Port Assignment screen:
•
Port 1, VLAN ID: 222 for the Red VLAN
•
Port 3, VLAN ID: 223 for the Blue VLAN
•
Port 4, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
This causes the switch to classify all frames received as belonging to
the VLAN specified and to replace the current Default VLAN settings
in the Egress List with these settings, so that port 1 is part of the Red
VLAN, port 3 is part of the Blue VLAN, and both are set as VLAN
frame format of untagged. Port 4 is set as an 802.1Q Trunk port, which
makes the port Egress List contain all VLANs, and all frames
forwarded out this port are forwarded as tagged frames. This tag
allows the receiving switch to maintain the original frame
classification.
4-6
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 2
Switch 2
Switch 2 is set as follows:
1. The VLAN Operational Mode is set to SECURE using the
Device/VLAN Configuration screen.
2. Two VLANs are added to the list of VLANs in the Device/VLAN
Configuration screen. In this example they are as follows:
•
VLAN ID 222 with a VLAN Name of Red
•
VLAN ID 223 with a VLAN Name of Blue
3. A Port VLAN ID is assigned to each port (1, 2, and 3) as follows using
the Port Assignment screen:
•
Port 1, VLAN ID: 223 for the Blue VLAN
•
Port 2, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
•
Port 3, VLAN ID: 222 for the Red VLAN
These settings change the configuration of the switch, so that port 1 is
part of Blue VLAN, port 3 is part of Red VLAN, and both are set as
frame type of untagged. Port 2 is set as an 802.1Q Trunk port, which
makes the port Egress List contain all VLANs and sets all frames
forwarded out this port to be tagged frames.
4.2.2
Frame Handling
The following describes how, when User A attempts to log on to the File
Server on Bridge 4, the frames from User A are classified on Switch 4 and
traverse the network. In this example, the MAC address of User A is “Y”
and the MAC address for the File Server is “Z”. The following description
includes illustrations to help understand how the frames flow through the
network.
1. User A sends a frame with a Broadcast Destination Address in an
attempt to locate the File Server. The frame is received on User A’s
port of Bridge 1 and, because the frame is a broadcast frame, it is
transmitted out all ports of Bridge 1 as shown in Figure 4-4.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-7
Chapter 4: Examples
Redco
Blue Industries
User A
2
Bridge 1
Bridge 2
1
Red VLAN
4
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
2263n14
Figure 4-4 Bridge 1 Broadcasts Frames
2. Switch 4 receives the frame from Bridge 1 and immediately classifies
it as belonging to the Red VLAN. After the frame is classified,
Switch 4 checks the Destination Address and, upon discovering that it
is a Broadcast Destination Address, forwards the frame out all ports in
the Red VLAN Forwarding List. In this example, it is only port 4.
Switch 4 updates its Source Address Table if it didn’t already have a
dynamic entry for MAC address “Y” and VLAN “Red”. Because
Switch 4 received the frame on port 1 it does not forward the packet
out that port, but does forward the frame to port 4.
The frame is transmitted to Switch 2 with a VLAN Tag Header
inserted in the frame. The VLAN Tag Header indicates that the frame
is classified as belonging to the Red VLAN. Figure 4-5 shows the path
taken to this point to reach Switch 2.
The tag is inserted because Switch 4, port 4 is designated as an 802.1Q
Trunk port. In this case, the Port Mode setting for port 4 is 802.1Q
Trunk and the VLAN Frame format for that VLAN is tagged.
4-8
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 2
Redco
Blue Industries
User A
Bridge 1
Red VLAN
Bridge 2
4
Blue VLAN
Floor 4
Floor 3
Redco
Blue Industries
Bridge 4
Bridge 3
Blue VLAN
2
File Server
Red VLAN
Floor 2
2263n15
Figure 4-5
Transmitting to Switch 4
3. When Switch 2 receives the tagged frame on its port 2, it checks the
frame’s VLAN Tag Header and determines that the frame is classified
as belonging to the Red VLAN, and that the frame is a broadcast
frame. Switch 2 forwards the frame to all ports in the Red VLAN
Forwarding List excluding port 2, which received the frame. In this
example, the only eligible port is port 3, which connects to Bridge 4.
Switch 2 checks its Forwarding List, which specifies that the VLAN
frame type for that port is untagged. Switch 2 then updates its Source
Address Table for MAC address “Y” and VLAN Red if necessary. The
untagged frame is then transmitted out port 3 to Bridge 4. Bridge 4
forwards the frame out all its ports because it is a broadcast frame, and
the server receives it as shown in Figure 4-6.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-9
Chapter 4: Examples
Floor 3
Redco
Blue Industries
2
Bridge 4
Bridge 3
1
Blue VLAN
2
File Server
3
Red VLAN
Floor 2
2263n16
Figure 4-6
Transmitting to Bridge 4
4. The File Server responds with a unicast frame to User A. All switches
between the File Server and User A have an entry in their respective
Source Address Tables identifying which port to use for forwarding
the frame to User A, MAC address “Y”, VLAN Red. All switches
update their Source Address Tables for the File Server’s MAC address
“Z”, VLAN Red combination as the frame is forwarded through the
switch fabric to User A. The 802.1d bridge update their Source
Address Tables based on the source MAC address and receive port and
the 802.Q switches update their databases based on the source MAC
address, VLAN, and receive port.
5. The frame from the File Server is received on Switch 2, and forwarded
to Switch 4 as a tagged frame classified as belonging to the Red
VLAN. Switch 4 removes the tag and forwards the frame to Bridge 1,
which in turn forwards the frame out of the port attached to User A.
All subsequent frames between User A and the File Server are
forwarded through the switch fabric in the same manner.
4-10
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 3
4.3
EXAMPLE 3
This final example illustrates the use of a 1d Trunk to connect a device to
a network of port based VLAN switches. It also covers the uses of the
Open mode of switch operation.
In this example, illustrated in Figure 4-7, a merger has taken place
between Redco and Blue Industries, the companies in the previous
example. The two companies have become divisions within a single
corporation, Green, Inc. A third group of stations, the Green, Inc. staff, is
added to the facility. Also, the Green, Inc. Network Administrators add a
Mail Server to the network on the first floor.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-11
Chapter 4: Examples
User B
2
Bridge 1
Bridge 2
1
Red VLAN
4
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
Floor 3
2
Bridge 4
Bridge 3
1
Blue VLAN
2
File Server
3
Red VLAN
4
Floor 2
Green, Inc.
2
1
Green VLAN
1
Mail Server
3
Floor 1
User
802.1d Legacy Bridge
802.1Q VLAN-Aware Switch
Server
2263n 17
Figure 4-7 Example 3
The Green, Inc. Network Administrators want to continue to separate
normal network traffic between the Blue and Red VLANs, and create a
new isolated VLAN for Green, Inc. users. All divisions in the facility are
to have equal access to the Mail Server on the first floor.
4-12
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 3
4.3.1
Solving the Problem
Much of the existing network configuration can remain as it was for
Example 2. While a new 1Q Trunk port must be activated and configured
on Switch 2, and the operational modes of the switches must be changed,
there are no other real changes to the network above the first floor.
Switch 4
Switch 4 is set as follows:
1. The VLAN Operational Mode is set to OPEN using the Device/VLAN
Configuration screen.
2. The Forward Mode for the switch is set to YES, adding the Default
VLAN to the Egress List of every switch port.
Switch 2
Switch 2 is set as follows:
1. The VLAN Operational Mode is set to OPEN using the Device/VLAN
Configuration screen.
2. The Forward Mode for the switch is set to YES, adding the Default
VLAN to the Egress List of every switch port.
3. The port mode of port 4 is set using the Port Assignment screen:
•
Port 4, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
This causes port 4 to be set as an additional 802.1Q Trunk port, which
makes its port Egress List contain all VLANs, and all frames
forwarded out this port are forwarded as tagged frames.
Switch 1
Switch 1 is set as follows:
1. The VLAN Operational Mode is set to OPEN using the Device/VLAN
Configuration screen.
2. The Forward Mode for the switch is set to YES, adding the Default
VLAN to the Egress List of every switch port.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-13
Chapter 4: Examples
3. One VLAN is added to the list of VLANs in the Device/VLAN
Configuration screen. In this example is set as follows:
•
VLAN ID 224 with a VLAN Name of Green
4. A Port VLAN ID is assigned to the switch ports as follows using the
Port Assignment screen:
•
Port 1, VLAN ID: 224 for the Green VLAN
•
Port 2, Port Mode: 1Q Trunk
•
Port 3, Port Mode: 1d Trunk
These settings change the configuration of the switch, so that port 1 is
part of the Green VLAN and is set to transmit a frame type of
untagged. Port 2 is set as an 802.1Q Trunk port, which makes the port
Egress List contain all VLANs and sets all frames forwarded out this
port to be tagged frames. Port 3 is set as a 1d Trunk port, where frames
classified as belonging to any VLAN are forwarded untagged, and
received frames are classified as belonging to the Default VLAN.
4.3.2
Frame Handling
The following describes how, when User B attempts to contact the Mail
Server on Switch 1, the frames are classified on Switch 4 and traverse the
network.
1. User B sends a broadcast frame in an attempt to contact the Mail
Server. The frame enters Bridge 1 and, being a broadcast, is forwarded
to all ports. Bridge 1 learns User B’s MAC address from the Source
Address field of the frame and adds it to its Source Address Table.
2. Switch 4 receives the frame and classifies this new untagged frame as
belonging to the Red VLAN. Since the frame is a broadcast, it is
forwarded to any ports that are classified as eligible to receive Red
VLAN frames. Switch 4 also updates its Source Address Table,
identifying User B and being located out port 1.
4-14
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 3
On Switch 4, the only port eligible to receive Red VLAN frames is port
4, the 1Q Trunk. The frame is forwarded out port 4 with the Red
VLAN Tag header being added, as shown in Figure 4-8.
User B
2
Bridge 1
Bridge 2
1
Red VLAN
4
3
Blue VLAN
4
Floor 4
2263n18
Figure 4-8 Bridge 1 Broadcasts Frames
3. Switch 2 receives the tagged Red VLAN frame on port 2, as shown in
Figure 4-9. The Tag in the frame is maintained, classifying the frame
as belonging to the Red VLAN. The switch forwards the broadcast
frame out all the eligible ports, ports 3 and 4. Switch 2 simultaneously
updates its Source Address Table to reflect the location of User B (port
2).
The frame forwarded out port 3 has its Tag stripped before
transmission, and it is passed to Bridge 4 as a normal broadcast frame.
The frame that is transmitted out port 4, the 1Q Trunk, retains its
VLAN tag.
Floor 3
2
Bridge 4
Bridge 3
1
Blue VLAN
2
File Server
3
Red VLAN
4
Floor 2
2263n19
Figure 4-9
Switch 2 Forwards to 1Q Trunk
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-15
Chapter 4: Examples
4. When Switch 1 receives the tagged broadcast frame, it also examines
the tag and classifies the frame as belonging to the Red VLAN. This
broadcast frame is then sent to all ports eligible to receive Red VLAN
frames. In this case only the 1d trunk, port 3, is eligible, as it is
considered a member of all VLANs for forwarding purposes. The Tag
is stripped from the frame and the frame is transmitted out port 3 as
shown in Figure 4-10. The Source Address Table for Switch 1 is
updated to contain User B.
Floor 2
Green, Inc.
2
1
Green VLAN
1
Mail Server
3
4
Floor 1
2263n20
Figure 4-10
Switch 1 Forwards to 1d Trunk
5. The Mail Server receives the broadcast frame and recognizes it. The
Mail Server responds with a unicast frame to User B. This frame
crosses the 1d Trunk and is received by Switch 1. Switch 1 classifies
the unicast frame as belonging to the Default VLAN (the only
membership for the 1d Trunk port).
Switch 1 checks the Filtering Database for the MAC address of
User B. User B’s MAC address is located, and port 2 is identified as
User B’s location. The frame is then checked against the Egress List
for port 2. Since port 2 is a 1Q Trunk port, its Egress List contains all
VLANs. The frame is tagged and transmitted out port 2.
The switch also recognizes the MAC address of User B in its Source
Address Table and updates that table to contain the MAC address and
port combination of the Mail Server.
6. This tagged unicast frame is received by Switch 2. The frame is
already tagged as belonging to the Default VLAN, so no classification
needs to be done. The switch recognizes User B’s MAC address in its
Source Address Table and updates that table to contain the Mail
Server’s MAC address and port combination.
4-16
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Example 3
The switch checks the Filtering Database for the MAC address of
User B. User B’s MAC address is located, and port 2 is identified as
the location of User B. The frame is checked against the Egress List
for port 2. Port 2’s Egress List contains all VLANs, and is a 1Q Trunk
port, so the frame is transmitted, tagged, out port 2.
7. Switch 4 receives the frame on its 1Q port and examines the frame’s
Tag. The frame maintains its Default VLAN classification. The switch
also refers to its Source Address Table to see if it can locate an entry
for User B. User B is found to be located on port 1. The switch also
updates its Source Address Table with the port and MAC address
combination for the Mail Server.
The switch examines the Filtering Database and locates the MAC
address entry for User B and port 1. The frame is then checked against
the Egress List for port 1. As port 1 is considered eligible to transmit
to the Default VLAN and the switch is in the open mode, the frame is
forwarded out port 1 and the tag is removed.
8. Bridge 1 receives the frame and recognizes User B’s MAC address.
The frame is forwarded to the correct interface and the bridge’s Source
Address Table is updated with an entry for the Mail Server’s MAC
address. User B receives the Mail Server’s response. Any further
unicast traffic between the Mail Server and User B will be handled in
the same fashion by the switches in the network.
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
4-17
Index
Numerics
1D Trunk 3-11, 4-11
1Q Trunk 3-11, 4-4
C
Configuration 2-2
D
Default VLAN 1-5
Device/VLAN Configuration screen 3-4
E
Egress list 1-5
F
Filtering Database 1-5
Forwarding list 1-5
adding entries 3-16
customizing 2-2
deleting entries 3-17
viewing 3-15
Forwarding mode
changing 3-9
Frame format
changing 3-17
Frames
tagged 1-4, 2-5
untagged 1-4, 2-4
H
Hybrid 3-11
L
Lists
Egress 1-5
Forwarding 1-5
Local Management 3-1
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Index 1
Index
O
Operational mode 2-3
changing 3-8
open 2-5
secure 2-6
P
Port Assignment screen 3-10
Port mode
1D Trunk 3-11
1Q Trunk 3-11
changing 3-11
Hybrid 3-11
PVID 1-5
S
Screens
Device/VLAN Configuration 3-4
Port Assignment 3-10
VLAN Forwarding Configuration 3-14
VLAN Main Menu 3-2
Station 2-1
Switch 2-1
T
Tag 1-4
Tag Header 1-4
Tagged frame 1-4, 2-5
Trunk 1-5
U
Untagged frame 1-4, 2-4
V
VLAN
assigning ports 2-2
components 2-1
configuration 2-2
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Index 2
Index
default VLAN 1-5
defining 2-2
definition 1-1–1-4
operation 2-3
terms 1-4
types 1-3
VLAN Configuration
deleting 3-7
disabling 3-8
enabling 3-8
VLAN Forwarding Configuration screen 3-14
VLAN ID 1-4
assigning 3-12
VLAN Main Menu screen 3-2
VLAN name 1-4
DIGITAL MultiSwitch 700 Port Based VLAN User’s Guide
Index 3
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