CBRG Search Strategy (January 2013)

Updated Search Strategies for CBG Jan 2013
Search Strategy for MEDLINE (OVID):
Part A: Generic search for randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical
trials
1. randomized controlled trial.pt.
2. controlled clinical trial.pt.
3. comparative study.pt.
4. clinical trial.pt.
5. randomized.ab.
6. placebo.ab,ti.
7. drug therapy.fs.
8. randomly.ab,ti.
9. trial.ab,ti.
10. groups.ab,ti.
11. or/1-10
12. (animals not (humans and animals)).sh.
13. 11 not 12
Part B: Specific search for thoracic, low back, sacrum and coccyx problems
14. dorsalgia.ti,ab.
15. exp Back Pain/
16. backache.ti,ab.
17. exp Low Back Pain/
18. (lumbar adj pain).ti,ab.
19. coccyx.ti,ab.
20. coccydynia.ti,ab.
21. sciatica.ti,ab.
22. sciatic neuropathy/
23. spondylosis.ti,ab.
24. lumbago.ti,ab.
25. back disorder$.ti,ab.
26. or/14-25
Part C: Specific search for neck problems
27. neck muscles.sh.
28. exp Neck/
29. exp neck pain/
30. whiplash injuries.sh.
31. neck.ti,ab.
32. or/27-31
Part D: Other spinal disorders
33. exp Spine/
34. discitis.ti,ab.
35. exp Spinal Diseases/
36. (disc adj degeneration).ti,ab.
37. (disc adj prolapse).ti,ab.
38. (disc adj herniation).ti,ab.
Page 1 of 9
39. spinal fusion.sh.
40. spinal neoplasms.sh.
41. (facet adj joints).ti,ab.
42. intervertebral disc.sh.
43. Intervertebral Disc Displacement.sh.
44. postlaminectomy.ti,ab.
45. arachnoiditis.ti,ab.
46. (failed adj back).ti,ab.
47. or/33-46
Part E: Specific outcome measurements related to spinal disorders
48. Oswestry.tw.
49. Roland-Morris.tw.
50. or/48-49
Results (all RCTs and CCTs for spinal disorders)
51. 26 or 32 or 47 or 50
52. 13 and 51
SEARCH STRATEGY FOR EMBASE (OVID)
Part A: Generic search for randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical
trials
1 Clinical Article/
2 exp Clinical Study/
3 Clinical Trial/
4 Controlled Study/
5 Randomized Controlled Trial/
6 Major Clinical Study/
7 Double Blind Procedure/
8 Multicenter Study/
9 Single Blind Procedure/
10 Phase 3 Clinical Trial/
11 Phase 4 Clinical Trial/
12 crossover procedure/
13 placebo/
14 or/1-13
15 allocat$.mp.
16 assign$.mp.
17 blind$.mp.
18 (clinic$ adj25 (study or trial)).mp.
19 compar$.mp.
20 control$.mp.
21 cross?over.mp.
22 factorial$.mp.
23 follow?up.mp.
24 placebo$.mp.
25 prospectiv$.mp.
26 random$.mp.
Page 2 of 9
27 ((singl$ or doubl$ or trebl$ or tripl$) adj25 (blind$ or mask$)).mp.
28 trial.mp.
29 (versus or vs).mp.
30 or/15-29
31 14 and 30
32 exp animals/ or exp invertebrate/ or animal experiment/ or animal model/ or animal
tissue/ or animal cell/ or nonhuman/
33 human/ or normal human/ or human cell/
34 32 and 33
35 32 not 34
36 31 not 35
Part B: Specific search for thoracic, low back, sacrum and coccyx problems
37 dorsalgia.mp.
38 back pain.mp.
39 exp LOW BACK PAIN/
40 exp BACKACHE/
41 (lumbar adj pain).mp.
42 coccyx.mp.
43 coccydynia.mp.
44 sciatica.mp.
45 exp ISCHIALGIA/
46 spondylosis.mp.
47 lumbago.mp.
48 back disorder$.ti,ab.
49 or/37-48
Part C: Specific search for neck problems
50 neck muscles.mp.
51 exp NECK/
52 whiplash injuries.mp.
53 neck.mp.
54 exp neck pain/
55 exp neck muscle/
56 neck disorder*.mp.
57 or/50-56
Part D: Other spinal disorders
58 exp SPINE/
59 discitis.mp.
60 exp Spine Disease/
61 (disc adj degeneration).mp.
62 (disc adj prolapse).mp.
63 (disc adj herniation).mp.
64 spinal fusion.mp.
65 spinal neoplasms.mp.
66 (facet adj joints).mp.
67 intervertebral disk.mp.
68 postlaminectomy.mp.
69 arachnoiditis.mp.
70 (failed adj back).mp.
Page 3 of 9
71
or/58-70
Part E: Specific outcome measurements related to spinal disorders
72 oswestry.mp.
73 roland-morris.mp.
74 72 or 73
Results (all RCTs and CCTs for spinal disorders)
75 49 or 57 or 71 or 74
76 36 and 75
SEARCH STRATEGY FOR CINAHL (EBSCO)
Part A: Generic search for randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical
trials
S28
S27
S26
S25
S24
S23
S22
S21
S20
S19
S18
S17
S16
S15
S14
S13
S12
S11
S10
S9
S8
S7
S6
S5
S4
S3
S2
S1
S26 NOT S27
(MH "Animals")
S7 or S12 or S19 or S25
S20 or S21 or S22 or S23 or S24
volunteer*
prospectiv*
control*
followup stud*
follow-up stud*
S13 or S14 or S15 or S16 or S17 or S18
(MH "Prospective Studies+")
(MH "Evaluation Research+")
(MH "Comparative Studies")
latin square
(MH "Study Design+")
(MH "Random Sample")
S8 or S9 or S10 or S11
random*
placebo*
(MH "Placebos")
(MH "Placebo Effect")
S1 or S2 or S3 or S4 or S5 or S6
triple-blind
single-blind
double-blind
clinical W3 trial
"randomi?ed controlled trial*"
(MH "Clinical Trials+")
Part B: Specific search for thoracic, low back, sacrum and coccyx problems
S48
S47
S46
S45
S35 or S43 or S47
S44 or S45 or S46
"lumbago"
(MH "Spondylolisthesis") OR (MH "Spondylolysis")
Page 4 of 9
S44
S43
S42
S41
S40
S39
S38
S37
S36
S35
S34
S33
S32
S31
S30
S29
(MH "Thoracic Vertebrae")
S36 or S37 or S38 or S39 or S40 or S41 or S42
lumbar N2 vertebra
(MH "Lumbar Vertebrae")
"coccydynia" OR "back disorder*"
"coccyx"
"sciatica"
(MH "Sciatica")
(MH "Coccyx")
S29 or S30 or S31 or S32 or S33 or S34
lumbar N5 pain
lumbar W1 pain
"backache"
(MH "Low Back Pain")
(MH "Back Pain+")
"dorsalgia"
Part C: Specific search for neck problems
S55 S54 or S53 or S52 or S51 or S50 or S49
S54 (MH "Whiplash Injuries")
S53 (MH "Cervical Vertebrae")
S52 (MH "Neck Pain")
S51 (MH "Neck")
S50 "neck muscles"
S49 (MH "Neck Muscles")
Part D: Other spinal disorders
S66 S65 or S64 or S63 or S62 or S61 or S60 or S59 or S58 or S57 or S56
S65 failed W1 back
S64 (MH "Laminectomy")
S63 facet W1 joint
S62 (MH "Spinal Fusion")
S61 disc W5 herniation
S60 disc W5 prolapse
S59 disc W5 degeneration
S58 (MH "Spinal Diseases+")
S57 (MH "Intervertebral Disk")
S56 (MH "Spine+")
Part E: Specific outcome measurements related to spinal disorders
S69 S68 or S67
S68 Roland-morris
S67 oswestry
Results (all RCTs and CCTs for spinal disorders)
S74 S28 and S72
S73 S28 and S72
S72 S70 or S71
Page 5 of 9
S71 S48 or S55
S70 S66 or S69
SEARCH STRATEGY FOR CENTRAL – ONLINE (COCHRANE LIBRARY)
Part A: Specific search for back pain and spinal disorders
#1
MeSH descriptor Back Pain explode all trees
#2
dorsalgia
#3
backache
#4
MeSH descriptor Low Back Pain explode all trees
#5
(lumbar next pain) or (coccyx) or (coccydynia) or (sciatica) or (spondylosis)
#6
MeSH descriptor Spine explode all trees
#7
MeSH descriptor Spinal Diseases explode all trees
#8
(lumbago) or (discitis) or (disc near degeneration) or (disc near prolapse) or (disc
near herniation)
#9
spinal fusion
#10
spinal neoplasms
#11
facet near joints
#12
MeSH descriptor Intervertebral Disk explode all trees
#13
postlaminectomy
#14
arachnoiditis
#15
failed near back
#16
MeSH descriptor Cauda Equina explode all trees
#17
lumbar near vertebra*
#18
spinal near stenosis
#19
slipped near (disc* or disk*)
#20
degenerat* near (disc* or disk*)
#21
stenosis near (spine or root or spinal)
#22
displace* near (disc* or disk*)
#23
prolap* near (disc* or disk*)
#24
MeSH descriptor Sciatic Neuropathy explode all trees
#25
sciatic*
#26
back disorder*
#27
back near pain
#28
(#1 OR #2 OR #3 OR #4 OR #5 OR #6 OR #7 OR #8 OR #9 OR #10 OR #11
OR #12 OR #13 OR #14 OR #15 OR #16 OR #17 OR #18 OR #19 OR #20 OR #21 OR
#22 OR #23 OR #24 OR #25 OR #26 OR #27)
Part B: Specific search for neck pain
#29
MeSH descriptor Neck, this term only
#30
MeSH descriptor Neck Pain explode all trees
#31
MeSH descriptor Neck Muscles explode all trees
#32
MeSH descriptor Neck Injuries explode all trees
#33
MeSH descriptor Whiplash Injuries explode all trees
#34
whiplash
#35
neck pain
#36
neck disorder*
#37
cervical near vertebra*
#38
neck near pain
#39
(#29 OR #30 OR #31 OR #32 OR #33 OR #34 OR #35 OR #36 OR #37 OR #38)
Results (all RCTs and CCTs for spinal disorders)
Page 6 of 9
#40
(#28 OR #39)
SEARCH STRATEGY FOR PSYCINFO (OVID)
PART A: RCT FILTER
1. CLINICAL TRIALS/
2. CONTROLLED TRIAL.MP.
3. RCT.MP.
4. (RANDOM* ADJ3 TRIAL).MP.
5. (CLIN* ADJ3 TRIAL).MP.
6. (SING* ADJ2 BLIND*).MP.
7. (DOUB* ADJ2 BLIND*).MP.
8. PLACEBO.MP. OR EXP PLACEBO/
9. LATIN SQUARE.MP.
10. (RANDOM* ADJ2 ASSIGN*).MP.
11. PROSPECTIVE STUDIES/
12. (PROSPECTIVE ADJ STUD*).MP.
13. (COMPARATIVE ADJ STUD*).MP.
14. TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS EVALUATION/
15. TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS EVALUATION/
16. (EVALUATION ADJ STUD*).MP.
17. EXP POSTTREATMENT FOLLOWUP/
18. FOLLOW ?UP STUD*.MP.
19. OR/1-18
PART B, BACK PAIN, SPINAL DISORDERS OR NECK PAIN
20. BACK PAIN/
21. LUMBAR SPINAL CORD/
22. (LOW ADJ BACK ADJ PAIN).MP. [MP=TITLE, ABSTRACT, SUBJECT HEADINGS, HEADING
WORD, DRUG TRADE NAME, ORIGINAL TITLE, DEVICE MANUFACTURER, DRUG MANUFACTURER,
DEVICE TRADE NAME, KEYWORD]
23. (BACK ADJ PAIN).MP. [MP=TITLE, ABSTRACT, SUBJECT HEADINGS, HEADING WORD, DRUG
TRADE NAME, ORIGINAL TITLE, DEVICE MANUFACTURER, DRUG MANUFACTURER, DEVICE
TRADE NAME, KEYWORD]
24. SPINAL COLUMN/
25. (LUMBAR ADJ2 VERTEBRA*).MP. [MP=TITLE, ABSTRACT, SUBJECT HEADINGS, HEADING
WORD, DRUG TRADE NAME, ORIGINAL TITLE, DEVICE MANUFACTURER, DRUG MANUFACTURER,
DEVICE TRADE NAME, KEYWORD]
26. COCCYX.MP.
27. SCIATICA.MP.
28. LUMBAGO.MP.
29. DORSALGIA.MP.
30. BACK DISORDER*.MP.
31. ((DISC OR DISK) ADJ DEGENERAT*).MP. [MP=TITLE, ABSTRACT, SUBJECT HEADINGS,
HEADING WORD, DRUG TRADE NAME, ORIGINAL TITLE, DEVICE MANUFACTURER, DRUG
MANUFACTURER, DEVICE TRADE NAME, KEYWORD]
32. ((DISC OR DISK) ADJ HERNIAT*).MP.
33. ((DISC OR DISK) ADJ PROLAPSE*).MP.
34. (FAILED ADJ BACK).MP.
35. NECK PAIN/
Page 7 of 9
36. (NECK ADJ PAIN).MP. [MP=TITLE, ABSTRACT, SUBJECT HEADINGS, HEADING WORD, DRUG
TRADE NAME, ORIGINAL TITLE, DEVICE MANUFACTURER, DRUG MANUFACTURER, DEVICE
TRADE NAME, KEYWORD]
37. CERVICAL SPINE/
38. NECK DISORDER*.MP.
39. WHIPLASH INJURY/
40. OR/20-39
RESULTS
41. 19 AND 40
SEARCH STRATEGY FOR PSYCINFO (CSA)
(KW=(Randomi?ed controlled trial*) OR KW=(clinical trial*) OR KW=(clin* near trial*) OR
KW=(sing* near blind*) OR KW=(sing* near mask*) OR KW=(doubl* near blind*) OR
KW=(doubl* near mask*) OR KW=(trebl* near mask*) OR KW=(trebl* near mask*) OR
KW=(tripl* near blind*) OR KW=(tripl* near mask*) OR KW=(placebo*) OR KW=
(random*) OR DE=(research design) OR KW=(latin square) OR KW=(comparative stud*)
OR KW=(evaluation stud*) OR KW=(follow up stud*) OR DE=(prospective stud*) OR
KW=(control*) OR KW=(prospective*) OR KW=(volunteer*)) AND (DE=(back) OR
DE=(back pain) OR DE=(neck))
SEARCH STRATEGY FOR Index to Chiropractic Literature
Part A: Generic search for randomized controlled trials and controlled clinical
trials
S1
, Publication Type:Clinical Trial
S2
, Publication Type:Controlled Clinical Trial
S3
, Publication Type:Randomized Controlled Trial
S4
Subject:"Clinical Trials" OR Subject:"Clinical Trials as Topic" OR
Subject:"Controlled Clinical Trials"
S5
Subject:"Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic" OR Subject:"Prospective
Studies" OR Subject:"Comparative Study"
S6
All Fields:random* OR All Fields:placebo* OR All Fields:sham*
S7
All Fields:versus OR All Fields:vs
S8
All Fields:"clinical trial" OR All Fields:"controlled trial"
S9
All Fields:double-blind OR All Fields:"double blind"
S10 All Fields:single-blind OR All Fields:"single blind"
S11 S1 OR S2 OR S3 OR S4 OR S5 OR S6 OR S7 OR S8 OR S9 OR S10
Part B: Specific search for thoracic, low back, sacrum and coccyx problems
S12 Subject:"Back" OR Subject:"Back Injuries" OR Subject:"Back Pain"
S13 Subject:"Low Back Pain" OR Subject:"Lumbar" OR Subject:"Lumbosacral
Region"
S14 Subject:"Sciatica" OR All Fields:sciatica
S16 Subject:"Coccyx" OR Subject:"Sacroiliac Joint" OR Subject:"Sacrum"
S17 S12 OR S13 OR S14 OR S16
Part C: Specific search for neck problems
S18 Subject:"Neck Pain" OR Subject:"Neck" OR Subject:"Neck Injuries"
S21 Subject:"Neck Muscles" OR Subject:"Whiplash Injuries" OR Subject:"Cervical
Vertebrae"
S22 All Fields:"Neck Pain" OR All Fields:"cervical spine"
Page 8 of 9
S23 S18 OR S21 OR S22
Part D: Other spinal disorders, Specific outcome measurements related to spinal
disorders
S24 Subject:"Intervertebral Disk" OR All Fields:disc OR Subject:"Spine"
S25 All Fields:oswestry OR All Fields:roland-morris
S26 S17 OR S23 OR S24 OR S25
Results (all RCTs and CCTs for spinal disorders)
S27 S11 AND S26
Page 9 of 9