Promise Technology | FastTrak TX2200 | User manual | Promise Technology FastTrak TX2200 User manual

FASTTRAK
TX2200 / TX4200
USER MANUAL
Version 1.4
FastTrak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Copyright
© 2004 Promise Technology, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Copyright by Promise Technology, Inc. (Promise Technology). No part of this
manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form without the expressed,
written permission of Promise Technology.
Trademarks
Promise, and the Promise logo are registered in U.S. Patent and Trademark
Office. All other product names mentioned herein may be trademarks or
registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Important data protection information
You should back up all data before installing any drive controller or storage
peripheral. Promise Technology is not responsible for any loss of data resulting
from the use, disuse or misuse of this or any other Promise Technology product.
Notice
Although Promise Technology has attempted to ensure the accuracy of the
content of this manual, it is possible that this document may contain technical
inaccuracies, typographical, or other errors. Promise Technology assumes no
liability for any error in this publication, and for damages, whether direct, indirect,
incidental, consequential or otherwise, that may result from such error, including,
but not limited to loss of data or profits.
Promise Technology provides this publication “as is” without warranty of any kind,
either express or implied, including, but not limited to implied warranties of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
The published information in the manual is subject to change without notice.
Promise Technology reserves the right to make changes in the product design,
layout, and driver revisions without notification to its users.
This version of the User Manual supersedes all previous versions.
Recommendations
The appearance in this manual of products made by other companies, including,
but not limited to software, servers and disk drives, is for the purpose of
illustration and explanation only. Promise Technology does not recommend,
endorse, prefer or support any product made by another manufacturer.
ii
Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Promise Array Management (PAM) Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Key Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Chapter 2: Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Unpack Your FastTrak Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Install the FastTrak Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Install the Disk Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Create Your Logical Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Performance Logical Disk (Array) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Security Logical Disk (Array) with New Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Security Logical Disk (Array) with an Existing Data Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Security Logical Disk (Array) with Quick Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Chapter 3: FastBuild™ Configuration Utility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Viewing the FastTrak BIOS Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Navigate the FastBuild Setup Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Create Logical Disks Automatically . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Optimize Array (Logical Disk) for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Create Multiple Logical Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
View/Change Drive Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Change Between Spare and JBOD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Create Logical Disks Manually . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Logical Disk Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Create a RAID 0 Logical Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Create a RAID 1 Logical Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Add Fault Tolerance to Existing Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Hot Spare Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Delete a Logical Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Rebuild a Mirrored Logical Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Chapter 4: Install Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Windows Server 2003
New Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Existing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Confirm Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Windows XP
New Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Existing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Confirm Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Windows 2000
New Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Existing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Confirm Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Chapter 5: RAID Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Logical Disk Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
RAID Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting & Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Motherboard Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
System CMOS Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Drive-Related Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Operating System-Related Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Performance Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Chapter 7: Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Frequently Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Contact Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Return Product For Repair . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Appendix A: Partition and Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
iv
Chapter 1: Introduction
•
About This Manual, below
•
Overview, page 2
•
FastTrak TX Series, page 2
•
Promise Array Management (PAM), page 3
•
Key Features and Benefits, page 3
•
Specifications, page 5
Thank you for purchasing Promise Technology’s FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200
RAID Controller card.
About This Manual
This User Manual describes how to setup, use and maintain the FastTrak
TX2200 or TX4200 RAID Controller cards.
In this manual, the terms array, logical drive and logical disk refer to the same
thing, one or more disk drives combined logically such that a PC’s operating
system sees them as one single disk drive.
Also included are four levels of notices:
Note
A Note provides helpful information such as hints or alternative
ways of doing a task.
Important
An Important calls attention to an essential step or point required
to complete a task. Important items include things often missed.
Caution
A Caution informs you of possible equipment damage or loss of
data and how to avoid them.
Warning
A Warning notifies you of probable equipment damage or loss of
data, or the possibility of physical injury, and how to avoid them.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Overview
The PC which you are using either already contains FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200
RAID Controller card installed by a third-party or you have acquired a FastTrak
TX2200 or TX4200 retail product for your existing PC and plan to install the card
yourself.
•
For PC owners wishing to install their TX2200 or TX4200 RAID Controller
card, go to Chapter 2: Installation on page 5.
•
For PCs with a FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200 RAID Controller card already
installed, and you are experiencing any difficulties with the disk drives being
recognized by the card, go to Chapter 6: Troubleshooting on page 51.
•
If your operating system has crashed for some reason or you have
downloaded updated drivers from the Promise website (www.promise.com),
you may wish to reinstall software drivers for the FastTrak TX2200 or
TX4200 RAID controller card. See Chapter 4: Installing Drivers on page 33.
FastTrak TX Series
Promise originally designed the FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 as a costeffective, high performance RAID controller cards that add performance and/or
reliability to PC desktops and/or servers using Serial ATA drives.
FastTrak TX2200 has two independent data channels to support a maximum of
two Serial ATA drives and supports:
•
Stripe (RAID 0) – Identical drives can read and write data in parallel to
increase performance.
•
Mirror (RAID 1) – Mirror increases read performance through load balancing
and elevator sorting while creating a complete backup of your files.
FastTrak TX4200 has two independent data channels to support a maximum of
two Serial ATA drives and supports:
•
Stripe (RAID 0) – Identical drives can read and write data in parallel to
increase performance.
•
Mirror (RAID 1) – Mirror increases read performance through load balancing
and elevator sorting while creating a complete backup of your files.
•
Mirror / Stripe (RAID 10) – Combining mirror with stripe offers both high read/
write performance and fault tolerance
A FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200 striped logical disk can double the sustained data
transfer rate of Serial ATA drives.
FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 offer fault tolerant, data redundancy for entry-level
network file servers or simply for desktop PC users wanting to continually protect
valuable data on their PC.
2
Chapter 1: Introduction
Should a drive that is part of a mirrored logical disk fail, FastTrak TX2200 and
TX4200 use the mirrored drive (which contains identical data) to assume all data
handling. When a new replacement drive is later installed, FastTrak TX2200 and
TX4200 rebuild data to the new drive from the mirrored drive to restore fault
tolerance.
FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 bootable BIOS supports individual drives larger
than 137 GB. With FAT32 and NTFS partitioning, the logical disk can be
addressed as one large single volume.
Promise Array Management (PAM) Software
The Promise Array Management (PAM) software offers local management and
monitoring of FastTrak logical disks. Windows-based GUI provides email
notification of all major events/alarms, memory cache management, logging for
Windows servers, logical disk maintenance, rebuild, and access to all
components in logical disk (server, controller, data channels, individual drives,
and enclosure). For information on using PAM, refer to the PAM User Manual,
which is included on the CD that came with your FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200.
Or download it from the Promise website.
Key Features and Benefits
The following information offers an overview of the major features of your new
Promise FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200.
Advanced Hardware Design
Features
Benefits
Supports 66MHz PCI bus
motherboards (automatically
backward compatible with
33MHz PCI slots)
Allows maximum data transfers of up to 266MB
per second (133 MB/s in 33 MHz slot) over the
bus to dramatically reduce the time to save and
retrieve large files.
Supports:
data stripe (RAID 0), mirror
(RAID 1), and mirror/stripe
(RAID 10)
RAID 10 on 4200 only
Provides dramatic increase in drive performance
and/or fault tolerant options. Offers performance
customization and data rebuilds from the BIOS
menu.
Supports Serial ATA
Specification 1.0
Burst data transfer rates up to 150MB/sec from
Serial ATA drives to boost overall system
performance.
Independent data channels
for Serial ATA drives
Drives can multiply their data transfer
performance when striped together and each
drive uses a separate data channel.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Advanced Hardware Design
Features
Benefits
PCI Plug-n-Play, PCI Interrupt
sharing and coexists with
motherboard IDE and SCSI
controllers
Easy to install; supports up to 4 Serial ATA
drives on the FastTrak RAID Controller card
while still supporting 4 devices on motherboard
ATA controller.
Supports multiple logical disks TX2200 supports up to 2 logical disks, TX4200
supports up to 4 logical disks.
Supports online logical disk
expansion
Add disk drives to the logical disk without
affecting data availability.
Supports online logical disk
conversion
Change RAID level without affecting data
availability.
Supports Hot Spare drive
Uses any free disk to replace a failing disk in a
logical disk automatically.
Utilizes FastBuild™ automenu Has “Auto Setup” option for quick and easy
from the FastTrak onboard
logical disk builds
BIOS
Displays status and error
checking messages during
bootup
Notifies user of possible errors and allows for
recovery of mirrored drive logical disks directly
from FastBuild™.
Supports S.M.A.R.T.
monitoring and reporting
Polls status every 15 minutes, reports through
PAM and Linux CLI.
Employs the latest Promise
PCI Serial ATA ASIC
technology
Fully supports Serial ATA specifications with 150
MB/sec timing and CRC error-checking at high
speeds.
Mirror supports automatic
background rebuilds
Fault tolerance can be restored automatically
without rebooting.
DOS based flash upgrade of
BIOS and Firmware
Verifies proper file, option to backup existing file.
Download files from Promise website
Gigabyte Rounding
Allows easier interchangeability among disk
drive vendors
System reboot not required
System boot process continues without
after create, delete, migrate or restarting.
expand logical disk
4
Chapter 1: Introduction
Compatibility
Features
Benefits
Complies with PCI v2.3 Local
Bus standard
Provides highest level of hardware compatibility.
Complies with SATA
Specification 1.0
Provides full compatibility with first generation
Serial ATA hard drives.
Complies with SATA II
Provides enclosure and drive monitoring
Specification 1.0 – Extensions compatibility.
to Serial ATA 1.0
Compliant with PCI Bus
Master standard. PCI Bus
Master support
Provides 32-bit I/O and, Bus Master, and Ultra
ATA performance for optimal system
performance.
Tested compatibility to coexist Improves system performance and minimizes
with motherboards that have system conflicts for new and existing
integrated IDE controllers
installations.
Compatible with all major
SATA generation 1 and SATA
generation 2, phase 1 disk
drives
Promise performs verification testing with major
drive manufacturers and development partners.
Features LBA support
Supports drives greater than 137 GB capacity.
Supports BIOS Boot
Specification
All logical disks attached to the FastTrak card
appear in the BBS-compliant motherboards
BIOS boot list.
Compatible with Promise
SuperSwap enclosures
Provides enclosure management including fan,
temperature and voltages.
Specifications
•
Low-profile printed circuit board
•
PCI Slot 33MHz or 66MHz
•
Controller card dimensions
TX2200 (HWD): 2.25 x 4.69 x 0.33 inches (57 x 119 x 8 mm)
TX4200 (HWD): 2.25 x 6.28 x 0.33 inches (57 x 160 x 8 mm)
•
Operating temperatures: 32° to 110°F (0°C to 45°C)
•
Operating himidity: 5% to 85% non-condensing
5
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
6
Chapter 2: Installation
•
Unpack Your FastTrak Card (below)
•
Install the FastTrak Card (page 8)
•
Install the Disk Drives (page 9)
•
Create Your Logical Disk (page 11)
•
Performance (page 12)
•
Security with New Drives (page 13)
•
Security with Existing Drives (page 14)
•
Security with Quick Initialization (page 16)
This Chapter is designed to quickly get your FastTrak TX2200 or 4200 Serial ATA
RAID Controller card up and running using the default settings, which will be
optimal for most users.
If you wish to modify any of the default settings, please refer to Chapter 3:
FastBuild™ Configuration Utility on page 19.
Unpack Your FastTrak Card
When you receive the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID card, the package should
contain the items listed below:
•
FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200 Serial ATA RAID Controller card
•
Quick Start Guide
•
FastTrak TX series driver diskette with Windows drivers
•
0.65 m (26 inch) Serial ATA data cables, two for TX2200, four for TX4200
•
Y power splitter cable, one for TX2200, two for TX4200
•
CD with Promise Array Management (PAM) software, PAM User Manual and
FastTrak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
If ANY of the contents are missing or appear to be damaged, please contact your
dealer or distributor immediately.
Warning
Before installing the adapter into an existing system, backup any
important or useful data. Failure to follow this accepted PC
practice could result in data loss.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Warning
The FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 Serial ATA RAID Controller
cards, like other parts of your system, are subject to damage by
static electricity. Be sure that you're properly grounded (Promise
recommends that you wear an anti-static strap or touch a
grounded object) and that you unplug your system before
installing FastTrak.
Install the FastTrak Card
The FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200 Serial ATA RAID card fits into any available PCI
slot on your PC's motherboard (below):
•
32-bit PCI slot (must be PCI 2.2 or 2.3 compliant)
•
The 32-bit portion of a 64-bit PCI slot
Attaching screw
System frame
Bracket
FastTrak card
Motherboard
PCI slots
1.
Remove the cover of your system.
8
Chapter 2: Installation
2.
Remove the inside slot cover of an available 32-bit PCI slot on the
motherboard.Install the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID card into the open PCI
slot. Secure the bracket to the system's frame.
3.
Attach your system case's 2- or 4-pin LED cable to the LED connector on the
FastTrak card (see Install the Disk Drives, below).
4.
Fasten the controller card bracket to the system case.
Install the Disk Drives
Important
If you wish to include your current bootable Serial ATA drive using
the Windows 2000, XP or Server 2003 operating system as part of
a bootable Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk on your FastTrak card,
do NOT connect the disk drive to the FastTrak yet.
You MUST install the Windows 2000, XP or Server 2003 driver
software first onto this drive while it is still attached to your existing
disk drive controller.
The FastTrak TX2200 card supports up to two Serial ATA drives while the
TX4200 card supports up to four. For optimal performance, install Serial ATA
drives of the same model and capacity. The drives' matched performance allows
the logical disk to function better as a single drive.
If you are using stripe (RAID 0) for performance, use up to four new drives. If
using mirror (RAID 1) for protection, you can use two new drives OR use an
existing drive and a new drive (the new drive must be the same size or larger
than the existing drive).
1.
Install the disk drives into the drive bays of your system.
2.
Attach the power cables to the disk drives..
Caution
Use of removable disk drive enclosures other than Promise
Technology's SuperSwap is not supported and may result in
performance loss or other undesired results.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
3.
Attach one Serial ATA data cable to each Serial ATA disk drive. Then attach
the other ends of the cables to the connectors on the FastTrak card (below).
Individual LED
Connectors
Aggregate LED
Connectors
Port 2 /
Channel 2
Port 1 /
Channel 1
FastTrak TX2200
Management
Connector
FastTrak TX2200 Serial ATA
RAID Controller card
Individual LED
Connectors
Aggregate LED
Connectors
Port 1 /
Channel 1
Management
Connector
Port 3 /
Channel 3
Port 2 /
Channel 2
Port 4 /
Channel 4
FastTrak TX4200
FastTrak TX4200 Serial ATA
RAID Controller card
4.
Attach the Y-cable power splitters to your Serial ATA disk drives.
10
Chapter 2: Installation
If you are using a Promise SuperSwap 1100 or 4100 enclosure in your PC:
•
Connect the power cables to the SuperSwap enclosure.
•
Attach a SMBus cable from the Management Connector on the
FastTrak card to the Management Connector on the first enclosure
These actions are described in Chapter 2 of the SuperSwap User Manual.
Note
The FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 RAID Controllers are PCI
Plug-n-Play (PnP) devices. No changes are necessary in the
Motherboard CMOS Setup for resources or drive types in most
applications.
Create Your Logical Disk
You will now use the onboard FastBuild™ BIOS utility to create your logical disk
using the attached drives. There are four different ways to create this logical disk.
You can create a logical disk for:
•
Performance (page 12)
•
Security, using new disk drives (recommended) (page 13)
•
Security, using an existing disk drive and a new one (page 14)
•
Security, using Quick Initialization (page 16)
The first three steps are the same for all four choices. After that, follow the steps
for the logical disk you want to create.
1.
Boot your system. If this is the first time you have booted with the FastTrak
TX2200 or TX4200 RAID Controller card and drives installed, the Promise
onboard BIOS will display the following screen.
FastTrak TX4200 (tm) BIOS Version 2.00.0.xx
Copyright (c) 2003 Promise Technology, Inc.
Updated in 2004
No Array is defined...
Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility...
Press <ESC> to continue booting...
2.
Press the Ctrl-F keys to display the FastBuild Utility Main Menu.
3.
Press "1" to display the Auto Setup Menu below. This is the fastest and
easiest method to creating your first logical disk.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Auto Setup Options Menu ]
Performance
Optimize Array for:
[ Array Setup Configuration ]
Mode ............................................. Stripe
Spare Drive ...................................... 0
Drive(s) Used in Array ........................... 2
Array Disk Capacity (size in MB) ................. 32083
[ , ,Space] Change Option
[ Keys Available ]
[ESC] Exit
[Ctrl-Y] Save
This is the fastest and easiest method to creating your first logical disk.
Performance Logical Disk (Array)
Use this setting to create a Striped (RAID 0) logical disk. These logical disks have
no fault tolerance but they do have better read/write performance.
To create a logical disk for best performance, follow these steps:
1.
2.
Press the Spacebar to choose Performance under the Optimize Array for
section.
Press Ctrl-Y to save the logical disk information.
The window below will appear.
Do you want to do quick initialize
or create only? (Yes/No)
Y - Create and Quick Initialize
N - Create Only
3.
If the drives in your logical disk have been used before, press Y for the
Create and Quick Initialize option. Othewise press N to Create only..
Choose Quick Initialize will delete
any existing data on your hard disks.
Y - Continue, Others - Cancel
12
Chapter 2: Installation
4.
If you chose to initialize, press Y to verify that you want your disks initialized.
5.
Press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue booting your computer.
Proceed to Chapter 4 on page 39 and install the FastTrak driver.
Note
Before you can use your new logical disk, you must partition and
format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system. See
page 71.
Security Logical Disk (Array) with New Drives
Use this setting to create a Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk with two new disk
drives. If one of the drives has data on it, follow the Creating a Security logical
disk with an Existing Data Drive procedure on the next page.
Under the Security setting in Auto Setup, FastTrak assigns two drives for a single
Mirrored logical disk or four drives (TX4200) for a Striped/Mirrored logical disk
(RAID 10).
Note
When creating a Security logical disk with new drives, a feature
called Gigabyte Boundary will automatically be set to ON. For a
description of this feature, see page 23.
To create a logical disk for data protection using new disk drives, follow these
steps:
1.
Press the Spacebar to choose Security under the Optimize Array section.
2.
Press Ctrl-Y to Save your selection.
The window below will appear.
Do you want the disk image to be
duplicated to another or do quick
initialize or create only? (Y/N/I)
Y - Create and Duplicate
N - Create Only
I - Create and Quick Initialize
Do you want to do quick initialize
or create only? (Yes/No)
Y - Create and Quick Initialize
N - Create Only
2-drive RAID 1 logical disk
4-drive RAID 10 logical disk
3.
Press N for the Create Only option.
4.
Press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue booting your computer.
13
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Proceed to Chapter 4 on page 39 and install the FastTrak driver.
Note
Before you can use your new logical disk, you must partition and
format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system. See
page 71.
Security Logical Disk (Array) with an Existing Data Drive
Use this setting to create a Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk with a new disk drive
and an existing drive with data and/or the bootable drive in your system. Use a
new drive of identical or larger storage capacity as the existing drive
Under the Security setting in Auto Setup, FastTrak assigns two drives for a single
Mirrored logical disk. The Create and Duplicate function does not work with a
four-drive Striped/Mirrored logical disk (RAID 10).
Choose this method if you wish to use a drive that already contains data and/or is
the bootable drive from your system. Obtain a second disk drive of equal or larger
storage capacity.
Warning
If you plan to create a Security logical disk using an existing disk
drive, backup any important data. Failure to do so could result in
data loss.
Important
!f you wish to include your current bootable drive using the
Windows 2000, XP or Server 2003 operating system as part of a
bootable Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk, do NOT connect the disk
drive to the FastTrak yet.
You MUST install the FastTrak driver to this disk drive while it is
still attached to your existing disk drive controller. See Chapter 4
on page 39.
Follow these steps:
1.
Press the Spacebar to choose Security under the Optimize Array section.
2.
Press Ctrl-Y to Save your selection. The window below will appear.
14
Chapter 2: Installation
Do you want the disk image to be
duplicated to another or do quick
initialize or create only? (Y/N/I)
Y - Create and Duplicate
N - Create Only
I - Create and Quick Initialize
3.
Press Y for the Create and Duplicate option.
The window below will appear asking you to select the Source drive to use.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Source Disk ]
Channel:ID
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
------------------[ Target Disk ]
Drive Model
--------
Channel:ID
------
Channel:ID
1:SATA
2:SATA
[ ] Up
4.
5.
[ ] Down
Capacity (MB)
-------
[ Please Select A Source Disk ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST3160023AS
160041
ST3160023AS
160041
[ Keys Available ]
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
Use the arrow keys to choose which drive contains the existing data to be
copied.
Press Enter to Save selection the source disk.
Fast Build asks for verification.
Start to duplicate the image...
Do you want to continue? (Yes/No)
Y - Continue, N - Abort
6.
Press Y to continue.
15
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
FastBuild will copy all data from the Source drive to the Target drive and
report its progress in percent completed.
Please Wait While Duplicating The Image
50% Completed
7.
Press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue booting your computer.
Proceed to Chapter 4 on page 39 and install the FastTrak driver.
Note
Before you can use your new logical disk, you must partition and
format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system. See
page 71.
Security Logical Disk (Array) with Quick Initialization
Use this setting to create a Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk with one or two existing
disk drives containing data that you do not want to keep. This method creates a
mirrored logical disk and erases the first data block from your existing drives.
Under the Security setting in Auto Setup, FastTrak assigns two drives for a single
Mirrored logical disk or four drives (TX4200) for a Striped/Mirrored logical disk
(RAID 10).
Choose this method if you wish to create a mirrored logical disk with existing disk
drives but you do not want to keep the data currently on those drives.
Warning
Using the Quick Initialization option on existing drives will result in
the loss of all data on those drives.
Follow these steps:
1.
Press the Spacebar to choose Security under the Optimize Array section.
2.
Press Ctrl-Y to Save your selection.
16
Chapter 2: Installation
The window below will appear.
Do you want the disk image to be
duplicated to another or do quick
initialize or create only? (Y/N/I)
Y - Create and Duplicate
N - Create Only
I - Create and Quick Initialize
Do you want to do quick initialize
or create only? (Yes/No)
Y - Create and Quick Initialize
N - Create Only
4-drive RAID 10 logical disk
2-drive RAID 1 logical disk
3.
For the Create and Quick Initialize option:
•
Press I if you have a two-drive RAID 1 logical disk (above, left).
•
Press Y if you have a four-drive RAID 10 logical disk (above, right).
Choose Quick Initialize will delete
any existing data on your hard disks.
Y - Continue, Others - Cancel
4.
Press Y to verify that you want your disks initialized.
5.
Press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue booting your computer.
Proceed to Chapter 4 on page 39 and install the FastTrak driver.
Note
Before you can use your new logical disk, you must partition and
format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system. See
page 71.
17
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
18
Chapter 3: FastBuild™ Configuration Utility
•
Viewing the FastTrak BIOS Screen, below
•
Navigate the FastBuild Setup Menu, page 20
•
Create Logical Disks Automatically, page 21
•
View Drive Assignments, page 22
•
Create Logical Disks Manually, page 25
•
Delete a Logical Disk, page 34
•
Rebuild a Mirrored Logical Disk, page 36
The FastBuild Configuration Utility offers several menu choices to create and
manage a logical disk on the FastTrak TX2200 andTX4200 RAID Controller
cards. For purposes of this manual, it is assumed you have already created a
logical disk in the previous chapter and now wish to make a change to the logical
disk or view other options.
Viewing the FastTrak BIOS Screen
When you boot your system with the FastTrak card and drives installed, the
Promise onboard BIOS will detect the drives attached and show the following
screen.
FastTrak TX4200 (tm) BIOS Version 2.00.0.22
Copyright (c) 2003 Promise Technology, Inc.
Updated in 2004
ID
MODE
SIZE
STATUS
1
1x2 Mirror
120000M
Functional
Exp/Converting
Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility...
Press <ESC> to continue booting...
If a logical disk exists already, the BIOS will display the following above screen
showing the card's BIOS version and status of the logical disk.
The logical disk status consists of five possible conditions: Functional,
Synchronizing, Rebuilding, Critical, and Offline.
Functional – The logical disk is operational.
Synchronizing – The process of verifying data integrity by recalculating
redundant data and matching the data on the disk drives
19
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Rebuilding – The process of reconstructing a logical disk in Critical mode by
placing redundant data on a replacement disk drive.
Critical – Degraded logical disk condition due to a failed or removed disk drive.
Applies to mirrored logical disks (RAID 1 and 10) only. Fault tolerance is lost but
the data is still accessible. Triggers automatic rebuilding.
Offline – Striped logical disks (RAID 0): Degraded logical disk condition due to
one failed or removed disk drive. The data is not accessible.
Mirrored logical disks (RAID 1 and 10): Degraded logical disk condition due to
two failed or removed disk drives. Fault tolerance is lost. The data is not
accessible.
If your logical disk goes Offline, contact Promise Technical Support for
assistance. See Appendix B.
Navigate the FastBuild Setup Menu
When using the menus, these are some of the basic navigation tips: Arrow keys
highlights through choices; the Space bar allows to cycle through options; Enter
selects an option; Esc aborts or exits the current menu.
Using the Main Menu
This is the first option screen when entering the FastBuild Setup.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Main Menu ]
View Drive Assignments ............[ 1 ]
View/Define Array..................[ 2 ]
Delete Array.......................[ 3 ]
Controller Configuration...........[ 4 ]
Rebuild Array......................[ 5 ]
[ Keys Available ]
Press 1..5 to Select Option
20
[ESC]..Exit
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
To create a new logical disk automatically, press 1 and see Create Logical Disks
Automatically on page 21. Promise recommends this option for most users.
To manually create a logical disk, press 3 and see Create Logical Disks Manually
on page 25. If you wish to modify block size, you must create the logical disk
manually.
To view drives assigned to logical disks, press 2 and see View Drive Assignments
on page 22.
To delete a logical disk (but not delete the data contained on the logical disk),
press 4 and see Delete a Logical Disk on page 34.
To rebuild a mirrored (RAID 1 or 10) logical disk, press 5 and see Rebuild a
Mirrored Logical Disk on page 36.
Create Logical Disks Automatically
The Auto Setup (1) selection from the Main Menu can intuitively help create your
logical disk. It will assign all available drives appropriate for the logical disk you
are creating. After making all selections, press Ctrl-Y to Save the selections.
FastBuild will automatically build the logical disk.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Auto Setup Options Menu ]
Performance
Optimize Array for:
[ Array Setup Configuration ]
Mode ............................................. Stripe
Spare Drive ...................................... 0
Drive(s) Used in Array ........................... 2
Array Disk Capacity (size in MB) ................. 32083
[ , ,Space] Change Option
[ Keys Available ]
[ESC] Exit
[Ctrl-Y] Save
Optimize Array (Logical Disk) for
Select whether you want Performance (RAID 0), Security (RAID 1 or RAID 10)
under the Optimize Array for setting.
21
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Performance
RAID 0 (Stripe) supports the high performance. The storage capacity equals the
number of drives times the capacity of the smallest drive in the logical disk.
Under the Performance setting, FastTrak assigns all available drives to a single
Striped logical disk.
Security
(RAID 1 Mirror, or RAID 10 Mirror/Stripe) creates a mirrored (or fault tolerant)
logical disk for data security. The storage capacity equals one-half the number of
drives times the capacity of the smallest drive in the logical disk.
Under the Security setting, FastTrak assigns two drives to a single Mirrored
logical disk or four drives (TX4200) to be used for a Mirror/Stripe logical disk in
Auto Setup.
Security and Performance (TX4200 only)
RAID 10 (Mirror/Stripe) creates a logical disk with stripe for high performance
plus mirror for fault tolerance and data security. The storage capacity equals the
number of drives times the capacity of the smallest drive in the logical disk. This
option requires four drives and a FastTrak TX4200.
Create Multiple Logical Disks
If you plan to create multiple logical disks, you must manually create logical disks
with the Define Array (3) option from the Main Menu (see page 25).
View/Change Drive Assignments
The View/Change Drive Assignments (2) option in the Main Menu displays
whether each drive is:
•
Assigned to a Logical Disk
•
A spare (unassigned) drive
•
A JBOD (an independent drive)
Spare drives can be used as hot spares for a mirrored logical disk the Spare
drive's capacity is equal to or larger than the smallest drive in the logical disk.
The menu also displays the data transfer mode that relates to speed used by
each drive (U refers to Serial ATA).
22
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ View/Change Drives Assignments ]
Channel:ID
1:SATA
2:SATA
3:SATA
4:SATA
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST3160023AS
ST3160023AS
ST3160023AS
ST3160023AS
160041
160041
160041
160041
Assignment
Mode
Logical Disk 1
Logical Disk 1
Spare
JBOD
U6
U6
U6
U6
Mode (D = DMA, U = UDMA)
[ , ,Space] Change Option
[ Keys Available ]
[Ctrl-Y] Save
[ESC] Exit
Change Between Spare and JBOD
By default, unassigned disk drives are designated as Spares. You can designate
them as JBOD in order for your PC’s operating system to recognize them.
Spare
JBOD
Use as a Hot Spare (if capacity is sufficient)?
Yes
No
Assignable to a Logical Disk (Array)?
Yes
No
Recognized as a drive by the PC’s operating system?
No
Yes
JBOD disks function the same any other disk drive that is part of your PC.
To change a Spare disk to JBOD:
1.
From the FastBuild Main Menu, select View/Change Drive Assignments (2).
2.
In the View Drive Assignments menu, use the arrow keys to highlight a
Spare drive you want to redisignate.
3.
Press the spacebar to change the disk to JBOD.
FastBuild asks for verification.
Do you really want to change the SPARE disk to JBOD?
Press Ctrl-Y to change, others to abort.
23
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
4.
Press Ctrl-Y to confirm.
The disk is re-designated as JBOD.
Note
Before you can use your JBOD disk, you must partition and format
it using your PC’s operating system.
Caution
When you re-designate a JBOD disk as a Spare, you lose all data
on the disk.
Spare disks are not recognized by your PC until they become part of a logical
disk.
To change a JBOD disk to a Spare:
1.
From the FastBuild Main Menu, select View Drive Assignments (2).
2.
In the View Drive Assignments menu, use the arrow keys to highlight a
JBOD drive you want to redisignate.
3.
Press the spacebar to change the disk to Spare.
FastBuild asks for verification.
Do you really want to change the JBOD disk
to SPARE? Data in JBOD might be lost
after you change the assigment!
Press Ctrl-Y to change, others to abort.
4.
Press Ctrl-Y to confirm.
Fast Build again asks for verification.
Transfer JBOD disk to SPARE can and will result
in a loss of data. Proceed with changing
of the JBOD disk?
Any Key - Back / Ctrl-Y - Yes
5.
Press Ctrl-Y to confirm.
The disk is re-designated as a Spare.
24
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
Create Logical Disks Manually
•
Logical Disk Specifications (below)
•
Create a RAID 0 Logical Disk (page 27)
•
Create a RAID 1 Logical Disk (page 29)
•
Add Fault Tolerance to Existing Drive (page 30)
•
Hot Spare Drive (page 33)
The FastBuild utility lets you create logical disks manually on your FastTrak
TX2200 or TX4200 Serial ATA RAID Controller card.
Logical Disk Specifications
There are several decisions you must make before you create a logical disk,
including:
•
Logical Disk type
•
Stripe Block Size
•
Gigabyte Rounding
•
Number of disk drives
•
Use of new drives or drives with data
Logical Disk Type
The FastTrak offers three RAID level options:
•
RAID 0 Stripe
•
RAID 1 Mirror
•
RAID 10 Mirror/Stripe
An alternative to creating a logical disk is to designate an unassigned drive as
JBOD. See page 23. JBOD drives act as single, independent disk drives. You
can have some of your disk drives in a logical disk and the rest in JBOD.
See page 45 for more information about RAID levels
Selecting Stripe Block
The available sizes are 32, 64 and128 KB. A larger block size is better when
handling large data transfers (such as in A/V editing or graphics) while a smaller
block size is better when handling e-mail and other common server data. The
default is 64 KB. When in doubt, use the default.
Gigabyte Rounding
When a logical disk goes Critical becamse a disk drive has failed, you must
replace the failed drive with one that is the same size or larger. However, the
25
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Gigabyte Rounding feature permits the installation of a replacement drive that is
slightly smaller (within 1 gigabyte) than the remaining working drive.
This can be helpful in the event that a drive fails and an exact replacement model
is no longer available. For example, with the Gigabyte Rounding feature enabled,
the remaining working drive can be 80.5 GB and the replacement drive can be
80.3, since both are rounded down to 80 GB.
Number of Disk Drives
The number of disk drives you add to your logical disk depends on the number of
available channels on your FastTrak card and the type of logical disk you want to
create.
This chart shows your FastTrak Controller, the number of drives and the RAID
Levels it supports
FastTrak Card
No. Drives
RAID Levels
TX2200
2
0, 1
TX4200
4
0, 1, 10
This chart below shows the correlation between RAID Levels and the other
features and options:
RAID Level
No. Drives
Stripe Block Size
Gigabyte Rounding
0 Stripe
1 to 4
32, 64 (default), 128
Not available
1 Mirror
2
Not available
ON (default) or OFF
10 Mirror/Stripe
4
32, 64 (default), 128
ON (default) of OFF
New Drives versus Drives with Data
When you build a logical disk using new disk drives, you do not need to copy data
or perform quick initiation.
When you build a logical disk with disk drives that have been used before, but
you do not want to keep the data they contain, choose the quick initialization
option.
In some cases, you will have a disk drive full of data and want to make a mirror
(RAID 1) logical disk in order to have a full copy. See Add Fault Tolerance to
Existing Drive on page 30.
26
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
Create a RAID 0 Logical Disk
1.
From the FastBuild Main Menu, press 3 to choose Define Array.
The Define Array Menu displays.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2003-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Define Array Menu ]
Logical Disk No
Logical
Logical
Logical
Logical
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
1
2
3
4
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Capacity(MB)
Status
-------------
-------------
-----------------
-------------
Halt on Error : Disable
[ ] Up [ ] Down
2.
[ Keys Available ]
[Esc] Exit [Enter] Select
[Space] Change HOE Option
Press the arrow keys to highlight the logical disk number you wish to define,
and press Enter to select.
The Define Array Definition Menu displays. .
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2003-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Define Array Menu ]
Logical Disk No
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Status
Logical Disk 1
Stripe
2
Functional
Stripe Block: 64 KB
Channel ID
1:SATA
2:SATA
3:SATA
4:SATA
[ ] Up
[ ] Down
Gigabyte Rounding: OFF
[ Drive Assignments ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST380023AS
80630
ST380023AS
80630
ST380023AS
80630
ST380023AS
80630
[ Keys Available ]
[Esc] Exit
[Space] Change Option
27
Assignment
Y
Y
N
N
[Ctrl-Y] Save
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
3.
Under the Define Array Menu section, press the arrow keys to highlight the
RAID Mode.
4.
Press the Spacebar to select the Stripe RAID Mode.
5.
Press the arrow keys again to highlight Stripe Block.
6.
Press the Spacebar to select the Stripe Block Size you want: 32, 64 or 128
KB.
7.
Under the Drive Assignments section, press the arrow keys to highlight a
disk drive.
8.
Press the Spacebar to change the Assignment option to Y to add the drive to
the logical disk.
9.
Press Ctrl-Y to save the logical disk information.
The window below will appear.
Do you want to do quick initialize
or create only? (Yes/No)
Y - Create and Quick Initialize
N - Create Only
10. If the drives in your logical disk have been used before, press Y for the
Create and Quick Initialize option. Othewise press N to Create only..
Choose Quick Initialize will delete
any existing data on your hard disks.
Y - Continue, Others - Cancel
If you chose to initialize, press Y to verify that you want your disks initialized.
11. Press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue booting your computer..
Note
Before you can use your new logical disk, you must partition and
format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system.
28
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
Create a RAID 1 Logical Disk
1.
From the FastBuild Main Menu, press 3 to choose Define Array.
The Define Array Menu displays.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2003-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Define Array Menu ]
Logical Disk No
Logical
Logical
Logical
Logical
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
1
2
3
4
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Capacity(MB)
Status
-------------
-------------
-----------------
-------------
Halt on Error : Disable
[ ] Up [ ] Down
2.
[ Keys Available ]
[Esc] Exit [Enter] Select
[Space] Change HOE Option
Press the arrow keys to highlight the logical disk number you wish to define,
and press Enter to select.
The Define Array Definition Menu displays. .
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Define Array Menu ]
Logical Disk No
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Status
Logical Disk 1
Mirror
2
Functional
Stripe Block: Not Available
Channel ID
1:SATA
2:SATA
3:SATA
4:SATA
[ ] Up
[ ] Down
Gigabyte Rounding: ON
[ Drive Assignments ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST380023AS
80630
ST380023AS
80630
ST380023AS
80630
ST380023AS
80630
[ Keys Available ]
[Esc] Exit
[Space] Change Option
29
Assignment
Y
Y
N
N
[Ctrl-Y] Save
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
3.
Under the Define Array Menu section, press the arrow keys to highlight the
RAID Mode.
4.
Press the Spacebar to select the Mirror RAID Mode.
5.
If you want to disable Gigabyte Rounding, press the arrow keys again to
highlight it.
6.
Press the Spacebar to toggle Gigabyte Rounding on or off.
7.
Under the Drive Assignments section, press the arrow keys to highlight a
disk drive.
8.
Press the Spacebar to change the Assignment option to Y to add the drive to
the logical disk.
9.
Press Ctrl-Y to save the logical disk information.
The window below will appear.
Do you want the disk image to be
duplicated to another or do quick
initialize or create only? (Y/N/I)
Y - Create and Duplicate
N - Create Only
I - Create and Quick Initialize
Do you want to do quick initialize
or create only? (Yes/No)
Y - Create and Quick Initialize
N - Create Only
4-drive RAID 10 logical disk
2-drive RAID 1 logical disk
10. Press N for the Create Only option.
11. Press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue booting your computer..
Note
Before you can use your new logical disk, you must partition and
format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system.
Add Fault Tolerance to Existing Drive
FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card will create a mirrored logical disk using
an existing system drive with data. You must assign the existing drive and
another drive of same or larger capacity to the Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk. The
BIOS will copy the existing data to the new blank drive.
The Create and Duplicate function that builds the RAID 1 logical disk does not
work with a four-drive Striped/Mirrored logical disk (RAID 10).
Warning
Backup any necessary data before proceeding. Failure to follow
this accepted PC practice could result in data loss.
30
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
Important
If you wish to include your current bootable drive using the
Windows 2000, XP or Server 2003 operating system as part of a
bootable Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk on your FastTrak, you
MUST install the FastTrak driver onto the bootable drive while it is
still attached to your existing hard drive controller. See Chapter 4.
1.
From the FastBuild Main Menu, press 3 to choose Define Array.
2.
Press the arrow keys to highlight the logical disk number you wish to define,
and press Enter to select.
3.
Under the Define Array Menu section, press the arrow keys to highlight the
RAID Mode.
4.
Press the Spacebar to select the Mirror RAID Mode.
Note: Gigabyte Rounding is automatically disabled when creating a Mirrored
(RAID 1) logical disk from an existing drive. This protects the existing drive's
partition table in order to maintain data integrity.
5.
Under the Drive Assignments section, press the arrow keys to highlight a
disk drive.
6.
Press the Spacebar to change the Assignment option to Y to add the drive to
the logical disk.
7.
Press Ctrl-Y to save the logical disk information.
The window below will appear.
Do you want the disk image to be
duplicated to another or do quick
initialize or create only? (Y/N/I)
Y - Create and Duplicate
N - Create Only
I - Create and Quick Initialize
8.
Press Y for the Create and Duplicate option.
9.
The window below will appear asking you to select the Source drive to use.
31
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Source Disk ]
Channel:ID
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
------------------[ Target Disk ]
Drive Model
--------
Channel:ID
------
[ Please Select A Source Disk ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST3160023AS
160041
ST3160023AS
160041
Channel:ID
1:SATA
2:SATA
[ ] Up
Capacity (MB)
-------
[ ] Down
[ Keys Available ]
[ESC] Exit
[Enter] Select
10. Press the arrow keys to choose which drive contains the existing data to be
copied.
Warning
All target drive data will be erased. Make sure you choose the
correct drive.
11. Press Ctrl-Y to Save selection and start duplication.
The following confirmation screen will appear. .
Start to duplicate the image...
Do you want to continue? (Yes/No)
Y - Continue, N - Abort
12. Press Y to continue.
FastBuild will copy all data from the Source drive to the Target drive and
report its progress in percent completed.
Please Wait While Duplicating The Image
50% Completed
32
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
13. Press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue booting your computer.
Note
Before you can use your new logical disk, you must partition and
format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system.
Hot Spare Drive
This arrangement applies to the FastTrak TX4200. For automatic rebuilds of a
Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk, attach a spare drive to the TX4200 card. FastTrak
will use the unassigned drive as a hot spare, providing it:
•
Is not assigned to a logical disk
•
Is designated Spare (not JBOD)
•
Is the same size or larger than the drives in the logical disk
If the logical disk suffers a disk drive failure, it goes Critical. FastTrak will replace
the failed drive with the hot spare rebuild the logical disk automatically. This
action is performed in the background under all supported operating systems. At
a later time, you can power down the system and replace failed drive. If the new
drive meets the requirements, it then becomes the hot spare.
FastTrak TX2200 does not support a hot spare drive because has only two
channels. TX4200 supports a hot spare drive only with a Mirrored (RAID 1)
logical disk. It cannot support a hot spare if you have a Mirror/Stripe (RAID 10)
logical disk.
For more information on rebuilding logical disks, see Rebuild a Mirrored Logical
Disk on page 36.
33
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Delete a Logical Disk
Warning
Deleting an existing logical disk could result in loss of data. Record
all logical disk information including the logical disk type, the disk
drives, and stripe block size in case you wish to undo a deletion.
Important
If you delete a logical disk by accident, immediately define a new
logical disk identical to one you deleted. This action normally
recovers the deleted logical disk.
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2003-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Delete Array Menu ]
Logical Disk No
Logical
Logical
Logical
Logical
[ ] Up
Disk
Disk
Disk
Disk
RAID Mode
1
2
3
4
[ ] Down
Total Drv
Capacity(MB)
2
----------
160000
-------------
Mirror`
----------
Status
Functional
----------
[ Keys Available ]
[ESC] Exit
[Del] Delete
1.
From the FastBuild Main Menu, press 4 to select Delete Array.
2.
In the Delete Array Menu, press the arrow keys to highlight the logical disk
you wish to delete.
3.
Press the Delete key.
4.
The View Array Definition menu will appear (see below) showing which
drives are assigned to this logical disk.
34
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ View Array Definition Menu ]
Logical Disk No
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Status
Logical Disk 1
Mirror
2
Functional
Stripe Block: Not Available
Channel ID
1:SATA
2:SATA
Gigabyte Rounding: ON
[ Drive Assignments ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST380023AS
80630
ST380023AS
80630
Are you sure you want to delete this array?
Press Ctrl-Y to Delete, or others to abort.
5.
Press Ctrl-Y to confirm that you want to delete the logical disk.
The option appears to remove the Boot Sectors from the disk drives.
Do you want to clear boot sector that will
delete any existing data on your hard disks?
Y - Clear boot sector / N - Delete only
The Boot Sector contains information about where data is stored on the disk
drive. Clearing (deleting) the Boot Sector effective deletes all data from the
drive. If you choose this option, FastTrak will clear the Boot Sector from each
drive that belonged to the logical disk you just deleted.
6.
To clear the Boot Sector, press Y. Otherwise, press N.
Removing the Boot Sector can and will result
in a loss of data. Proceed with the removal
of the boot sector?
Any Key - Back / Ctrl-Y - Yes
Press Ctrl-Y to confirm Boot Sector clearing.
After deleting the logical disk, FastBuild returns to the Delete Array Menu. From
here, press Esc to reach the Main Menu.
35
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Rebuild a Mirrored Logical Disk
When a mirrored (RAID 1 or 10) logical disk suffers a disk drive failure, it goes
Critical. This means you can still access the logical disk but it has lost fault
tolerance. To restore the logical disk to Functional status, you must:
•
Replace the failed drive
•
Rebuild the logical disk to the replacement drive.
If you have a FastTrak TX4200 with a Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk, you can
have a hot spare disk drive. With the hot spare, rebuilding of the logical disk to
the spare drive will happen automatically. See page 33.
For all other Mirrored (RAID 1 or 10) logical disk configurations, you must rebuild
the Critical logical disk manually, as described below.
ID
MODE
SIZE
STATUS
1
1x2 Mirror
120000M
Critical
Exp/Converting
Problem is detected with Array : 1
Critical Status:
A disk member of a mirrored array has failed or is not responding.
The array is still functional, but fault tolerance is disabled.
Before continuing, power off the system and confirm that the drives and
cables are properly attached before replacing the failed drive and
rebuilding the array.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Identify which drive has failed with the "<3> Define array" menu option.
Power off the system, replace the failed drive.
Restart the system and enter the FastBuild (tm) setup menu.
Choose the "<5> Rebuild Array" menu optionto rebuild the array.
Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility...
Press <ESC> to continue booting...
When you boot your system, the FastTrak BIOS displays the Critical status and
describes what to do (above).
If your FastTrak’s Halt on Error feature is enabled (shown in the screen page 25),
your system will stop booting at the FastTrak BIOS screen and wait for your input.
If Halt on Error is disabled, your system will pause for a few moments, then
continue booting.
When you observe this condition when booting your system from the FastTrak
BIOS, your logical disk needs attention.
36
Chapter 3: FastBuild Configuration Utility
.
Important
Drives MUST be replaced if they contain any physical errors,
before rebuilding the logical disk.
Follow these steps to use the Rebuild Array feature:
1.
Press Ctrl-F to enter FastBuild Main Menu.
2.
Select Define Array (3).
3.
Press the arrow keys to select the Critical logical disk then press Enter to
select it.
The View Array Definition Menu appears (below).
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ View Array Definition Menu ]
Logical Disk No
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Status
Logical Disk 1
Mirror
2
Critical
Stripe Block: Not Available
Channel ID
1:SATA
?:?
Gigabyte Rounding: ON
[ Drive Assignments ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST380023AS
80630
Failed or disconnected
Any Key to Continue.....
In the example above, there is a two-drive Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk.
Under Drive Assignments, the drive in Channel 1 appears but no drive
appears in Channel 2. This means the disk drive connected to Channel 2 is
the failed drive.
4.
Power down your system.
5.
Replace the failed drive with an identical or larger disk drive.
6.
Reboot the system and enter the FastBuild Main Menu.
7.
Select the Rebuild Array (5) option.
8.
Press the arrow keys to select the Critical logical disk then press Enter to
select it.
37
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
The Rebuild Array - Assign Spare Drive menu appears (below).
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2003-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Rebuild Array - Assign Spare Drive ]
Logical Disk No
RAID Mode
Total Drv
Status
Logical Disk 1
Mirror
2
Critical
Stripe Block: Not Available
[ Select Drive for Rebuild ]
Drive Model
Capacity (MB)
ST380023AS
80630
Channel:ID
2:SATA
[ ] Up
9.
[ ] Down
[ Keys Available ]
[Esc] Exit
[Enter] Select
Press the arrow keys to highlight the replacement disk drive.
10. Press Enter to select the drive.
11. FastBuild will to copy the data from the remaining original drive to the
replacement drive and reports its progress in percent completed.
Please Wait While Duplicating The Image
50% Completed
12. When rebuilding is done, press Esc twice to exit FastBuild and continue
booting your system.
38
Chapter 4: Install Drivers
Following are driver installation procedures for the Windows operating systems
that support the FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 Serial ATA RAID Controller card.
The FastTrak drivers for Windows are included on the driver diskette.
Drivers and installation instructions for Linux and Novell operating systems are
on the Software CD and also downloadable from the Promise website at
www.promise.com.
Important
!f you wish to include your current bootable drive using the
Windows 2000, XP or Server 2003 operating system as part of a
bootable Mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk, you MUST install the
FastTrak driver to this drive while it is still attached to your existing
disk drive controller.
Procedure
Page Number
Windows Server 2003
New Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Existing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Confirm Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Windows XP
New Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Existing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Confirm Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Windows 2000
New Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Existing Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Confirm Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
39
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Windows Server 2003
New Installation
The following details the installation of the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller
drivers while installing Windows Server 2003.
1.
Start the installation:
•
Floppy Install: Boot the computer with the Windows Server 2003
installation diskettes.
•
CD-ROM Install: Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 after the message
"Press F6 if you need to install third party SCSI or RAID driver" appears.
2.
When the Windows Server 2003 Setup window is generated, press S to
specify an Additional Device(s).
3.
Insert the FastTrak driver diskette into drive A: and press Enter.
4.
Choose Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller from
the list that appears on screen, and then press the Enter.
5.
Press S to use the driver on the floppy disk and then press Enter to continue
with installation.
6.
The Windows Server 2003 Setup screen will appear again saying “Setup will
load support for the following mass storage devices:” The list will include
“Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller”.
NOTE: If there are any additional devices to be installed, specify them now.
When all devices are specified, continue to the next step.
7.
From the Windows Server 2003 Setup screen, press the Enter. Setup will
now load all device files and then continue the Windows Server 2003
installation.
40
Chapter 4: Install Drivers
Existing Installation
After installing the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card and rebooting your
system, Windows Server 2003 setup will show a “Found New Hardware” dialog
box. Under Windows 2003, “Mass Storage Controller” will be displayed.
1.
Insert the FastTrak driver diskette into the A:\ drive.
2.
Choose Install the software automatically and press the Enter key.
3.
Choose Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller from
the list that appears on screen, and then press the Enter key.
4.
If using a driver that has not been digitally signed by Microsoft, you will be
asked if you want to continue the installation. Click Continue anyway.
5.
When the New Hardware Wizard has finished installing the FastTrak driver,
click Finish.
Confirm Installation
1.
Right-click on the My Computer icon and select Manage from the popup
menu.
2.
From the left panel, select Device Manager.
3.
Click the “+” in front of SCSI and RAID controllers. “Windows Promise
FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller” should appear.
41
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Windows XP
New Installation
The following details the installation of the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller
drivers while installing Windows XP.
1.
Start the installation:
•
Floppy Install: Boot the computer with the Windows XP installation
diskettes.
•
CD-ROM Install: Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 after the message
"Press F6 if you need to install third party SCSI or RAID driver" appears.
2.
When the Windows XP Setup window is generated, press S to specify an
Additional Device(s).
3.
Insert the FastTrak driver diskette into drive A: and press Enter.
4.
Choose Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller from
the list that appears on screen, and then press the Enter.
5.
Press S to use the driver on the floppy disk and then press Enter to continue
with installation.
6.
The Windows XP Setup screen will appear again saying “Setup will load
support for the following mass storage devices:” The list will include
“Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller”.
NOTE: If there are any additional devices to be installed, specify them now.
When all devices are specified, continue to the next step.
7.
From the Windows XP Setup screen, press the Enter. Setup will now load all
device files and then continue the Windows XP installation.
42
Chapter 4: Install Drivers
Existing Installation
After installing the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card and rebooting your
system, Windows XP setup will show a “Found New Hardware” dialog box.
1.
Insert the FastTrak driver diskette into the A:\ drive.
2.
Choose Install the software automatically and press the Enter key.
3.
Choose Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller from
the list that appears on screen, and then press the Enter key.
4.
If using a driver that has not been digitally signed by Microsoft, you will be
asked if you want to continue the installation. Click Continue anyway.
5.
When the New Hardware Wizard has finished installing the FastTrak driver,
click Finish.
Confirm Installation
1.
Right-click on the My Computer icon and select Manage from the popup
menu.
2.
From the left panel, select Device Manager.
3.
Click the “+” in front of SCSI and RAID controllers. “Windows Promise
FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller” should appear.
43
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Windows 2000
New Installation
The following details the installation of the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller
drivers while installing Windows 2000.
1.
Start the installation:
•
Floppy Install: Boot the computer with the Windows 2000 installation
diskettes.
•
CD-ROM Install: Boot from the CD-ROM. Press F6 after the message
“Press F6 if you need to install third party SCSI or RAID driver” appears.
2.
When the Windows 2000 Setup window is generated, press S to specify an
Additional Device(s).
3.
Insert the FastTrak driver diskette into drive A: and press Enter.
4.
Choose Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller from
the list that appears on screen then press Enter.
5.
The Windows 2000 Setup screen will appear again saying “Setup will load
support for the following mass storage devices:” The list will include
“Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller”.
NOTE: If there are any additional devices to be installed, specify them now.
When all devices are specified, continue to the next step.
6.
From the Windows 2000 Setup screen, press Enter. Setup will now load all
device files and then continue the Windows 2000 installation.
44
Chapter 4: Install Drivers
Existing Installation
After installing the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card and rebooting your
system, Windows 2000 setup will show a “New Hardware Found” dialog box.
Under Windows 2000, “PCI Mass Storage Controller” will be displayed.
1.
Choose Add New Hardware Wizard from the list, and then press Enter.
2.
Choose Add/Troubleshoot a device and click Next. The new hardware
wizard will show device list
3.
Choose Mass Storage controller and click Next. At the following screen click
Finish.
4.
Choose Display a list the known drivers for this device so that I can choose a
specific driver then click Next.
5.
When the Windows 2000 supported SCSI adapter drivers list appears, click
Have disk.
6.
Insert the FastTrak driver diskette in drive A:\.
7.
Type A:\Win2000 in the text box. Click OK.
8.
Choose Windows Promise FastTrak TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller from
the list that appears on screen, then click Next.
9.
Click Yes to confirm continue the installation and copy the driver to system.
10. Remove the diskette and click Finish to restart the system. Windows 2000
will then restart for the driver installation to take effect.
Confirm Installation
1.
Right-click on the My Computer icon and select Manage from the popup
menu.
2.
From the left panel, select Device Manager.
3.
Click the “+” in front of SCSI controllers. “Windows Promise FastTrak
TX2200/TX4200 (tm) Controller” should appear.
45
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
46
Chapter 5: RAID Concepts
•
FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller Card, below
•
Logical Disk Terms, page 48
•
RAID Levels, page 51
FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller Card
FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 Serial ATA RAID controller cards feature
concurrent data channel operation and onboard BIOS. The channels on the
FastTrak Controller support concurrent operation that allows for overlapped I/O
under multi-tasking operating systems and sharing the workload between
multiple drives.
Adapter BIOS
The FastTrak TX2200 and TX4200 cards contain a BIOS code that extends the
standard disk service routine provided through Int13. The BIOS is bootable for
DOS and other operating systems that rely on the system BIOS for drive
operation. When the FastTrak BIOS appears during bootup, press Ctrl-F to enter
the FastBuild setup to select from menu settings.
FastBuild Auto Menu Setup
This setup utility is used to build and manage FastTrak logical disks. The utility is
menu driven and features the Auto Setup (1) option that uses a simple,
interactive setup process. Once the logical disk is built, all the logical disk
members store the configuration information in the drive's reserved area. See
Chapter 3, which provides descriptions of individual functions.
Reserve Sector
Logical disk configuration data about the drive member and other members in the
logical disk are saved on a special location on the disk drives called the reserve
sector. If any member of the logical disk becomes corrupt or lost, the redundant
configuration data on the other members can be used for rebuilds.
Logical disk members do not have a memory of their drive positions. This allows
drives to be placed on different FastTrak connectors or FastTrak Controller cards
within the system without reconfiguring or rebuilding.
47
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Logical Disk Terms
Logical disk
A logical disk (array) is formed from a group of two or more disk drives that
appear to the PC’s operating system as a single drive. The FastTrak Serial ATA
RAID Controller provides the organization and management for your disk drives
so they can work together in this way. FastTrak allows you to create a singledrive RAID 0 logical disk but such a logical disk has no advantage over any other
single disk drive.
Member
The individual disk drives in a logical disk are called members. Each member of a
specific logical disk has coded in its reserve sector the configuration information
that identifies the drive as a member of a specific logical disk. All disk members in
a logical disk are recognized as a single physical drive to the PC’s operating
system.
Types
FastTrak logical disks conform to the Redundant Array of Independent Disks
technology, or RAID. RAIDs are used to:
•
Increase throughput performance
•
Provide fault tolerance protection
RAID 0 Stripe increases performance by working multiple disk drives in parallel or
simultaneously. RAID 1 Mirror provides fault tolerance by providing a full copy of
the data on two separate disk drives. RAID 10 Mirror/Stripe (TX4200 only)
combines RAID 0 and RAID 1 techniques to provide both increased performance
and fault tolerance.
The chart below summarizes the features and advantages of each RAID level
that you can achieve with the FastTrak Controller card.
RAID Level
Performance
Fault
Tolerance
RAID 0
Stripe
Highest
No
No. Drives x
Smallest Size
1 to 4
RAID 1
Mirror
Normal
Yes
Smallest Size
Drive
2 only
RAID 10
Mirror/Stripe
High
Yes
2X Smallest
Size Drive
4 only
48
Capacity
No. of
Drives
Chapter 5: RAID Concepts
Stripe Block Size
The size selected (32, 64, 128 KB) affects how FastTrak sends data blocks to
and receives them from the drives. You must perform your own testing to
determine how the data block size affects your particular use of the logical disk.
In general, a larger block size is better when handling large data transfers (such
as in A/V editing or graphics) while a smaller block size is better when handling email and other common server data. The default is 64 KB.
Gigabyte Rounding
The Gigabyte Rounding feature is designed for mirrored logical disks (RAID 1 or
RAID 10) that makes replacing a disk drive easier. When a logical disk goes
Critical becamse a disk drive has failed, you must replace the failed drive with
one that is the same size or larger. However, the Gigabyte Rounding feature
permits the installation of a replacement drive that is slightly smaller (within 1
gigabyte) than the remaining working drive.
This can be helpful in the event that a drive fails and an exact replacement model
is no longer available. Without this feature enabled, FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200
will NOT permit the use of a replacement drive that is slightly smaller than the
remaining working drive.
For the Gigabyte Rounding feature to work, the Gigabyte Rounding feature must
be set to ON when the original mirrored logical disk is created. When enabled,
the Gigabyte Rounding feature rounds the drive capacity of both drives to the
common whole GB drive size. For example, with the Gigabyte Rounding feature
enabled, the remaining working drive can be 80.5 GB and the replacement drive
can be 80.3, since both are rounded down to 80GB.
This permits the smaller drive to be used. Please note that users will lose a small
amount of available storage capacity from both drives in order to arrive at a
common drive size.
Note
Gigabyte Rounding is automatically disabled when you create a
mirrored logical disk (RAID 1) from an existing drive (versus using
two brand new drives). This protects the existing drive's partition
table in order to maintain data integrity.
49
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
How FastTrak Orders Logical Disks
During startup, the logical disks on the FastTrak Serial ATA Controller card are
recognized in this order:
1.
The logical disk set to bootable in the FastBuild Setup.
2.
The logical disk number (i.e. logical disk 0, logical disk 1…). This would be
involved in determining which drive letters will be assigned to each logical
disk.
How FastTrak Saves Logical Disk Information
All logical disk data is saved into the reserve sector on each disk drive in the
logical disk. The FastTrak controller can recognize disk drive members even if
they are moved between different FastTrak card connectors or they belong to a
logical disk created with a different Promise RAID controller.
50
Chapter 5: RAID Concepts
RAID Levels
Stripe (RAID 0)
Reads and writes sectors of data interleaved between multiple drives. When any
disk member fails, it affects the entire logical disk. Performance is better than a
single drive since the workload is balanced between the logical disk members.
This logical disk type is for high performance systems. Identical drives are
recommended for performance as well as data storage efficiency. The logical
disk data capacity is equal to the number of drive members times the smallest
member capacity. For example, one 100 GB and three 120 GB drives will form a
400 GB (4 x 100 GB) logical disk.
Stripe Size – For RAID 0 logical disks you can manually select the stripe block
size of 32, 64, 128 MB. The default is 64 KB.
The size selected affects how FastTrak sends data blocks to and receives them
from the drives. You must perform your own testing to determine how the data
block size affects your particular use of the logical disk. In general, a larger block
size is better when handling large data transfers (such as in A/V editing or
graphics) while a smaller block size is better when handling e-mail and other
common server data.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Data
Stripe
Disk Drives
RAID 0 logical disks on FastTrak can have from one to four disk drives.
51
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Mirror (RAID 1)
Writes duplicate data on to a pair of drives while reads are performed in parallel.
RAID 1 is fault tolerant because each drive of a mirrored pair is installed on
separate channels. If one of the mirrored drives suffers a mechanical failure or
does not respond to the controller, the remaining drive will continue to function.
Or, if one drive has a physical sector error, the mirrored drive will continue to
function.
Data Mirror
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
Disk Drives
On the next reboot, the FastBuild™ Utility will display an error in the logical disk
and recommend replacing the failed drive. You can continue using your PC,
however Promise recommends replacing the failed drive as soon as possible.
Due to redundancy, the drive capacity of the logical disk is half the total drive
capacity. For example, two 100 GB drives that have a combined capacity of 200
GB would have 100 GB of usable storage. With drives of different capacities,
there may be unused capacity on the larger drive.
RAID 1 logical disks on FastTrak consist of two disk drives only.
Hot Spare Drive – For a RAID 1 logical disk, you can attach a third disk drive to
the FastTrak card without assigning it to the logical disk. FastTrak will activate the
drive and use it to replace a failed drive that was part of the mirrored logical disk.
A rebuild operation copies the good drive data to the spare automatically and in
the background.
At a later time, power off the system and replace the failed drive. Spare drives
must be the same or larger capacity than the smallest logical disk member.
For more information on how to set up a hot spare drive, see page 33.
52
Chapter 5: RAID Concepts
Mirror / Stripe (RAID 10)
A combination of RAID 0 and RAID 1 logical disks. It can increase performance
by reading and writing data in parallel while protecting data with duplication. Four
drives are required for this logical disk.
A RAID 10 logical disk starts with a mirrored pair of disk drives, like a RAID 1
logical disk. Then it stripes the data, like a RAID 0 logical disk, from the mirrored
pair over two more disk drives. The data capacity is similar to a standard RAID 1
logical disk with half of the capacity used for redundancy.
Data Stripe
2
2
1
4
3
6
5
8
1
4
3
6
5
8
7
7
Data
Mirror
Disk Drives
Stripe Size – For RAID 10 logical disks you can manually select the stripe block
size of 32, 64 or 128 MB. The default is 64 KB.
The size selected affects how FastTrak sends data blocks to and receives them
from the drives. You must perform your own testing to determine how the data
block size affects your particular use of the logical disk. In general, a larger block
size is better when handling large data transfers (such as in A/V editing or
graphics) while a smaller block size is better when handling e-mail and other
common server data.
RAID 10 logical disks on FastTrak consist of four disk drives only.
53
Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Dual Data Redundancy
One unique (though rarely used) feature of RAID 10 is dual fault tolerance. In
some cases, two drives can fail simultaneously yet the logical disk still maintains
the integrity of data. There are six combinations in which two of the four drives
can fail. The FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller protects the data on a logical
disk in four of those cases depending on each drive’s assignment in the logical
disk.
Assume the drives are configured as follows:
•
CH indicates channels (ports) on the FastTrak card.
•
A/B indicates which mirrored pair the drive belongs to.
•
1/2 indicates which part of stripe data.
CH1
CH2
CH3
CH4
Drive A1
Drive A2
Drive B1
Drive B2
Under RAID 10, the logical disk maintains data integrity if any 1, 2 combination
survives.
Event
Failed
Drives
Logical Disk
Status
Why?
1
A1/A2
Functional
B1/B2 retain logical disk integrity
2
B1/B2
Functional
A1/A2 retain logical disk integrity
3
A1/B2
Functional
B1/A2 retain logical disk integrity
4
B1/A2
Functional
A1/B2 retain logical disk integrity
5
A1/B1
Offline
B2/A2 contain only half of the data
6
B2/A2
Offline
A1/B1 contain only half of the data
54
Chapter 6: Troubleshooting & Tips
•
Motherboard Issues, below
•
System CMOS Issues, page 56
•
Drive-Related Issues, page 57
•
Operating System-Related Issues, page 59
•
Performance Tips, page 60
This section is used to assist with troubleshooting conflicts and FastTrak TX2200
and TX4200 installation problems. Also refer to the README.TXT file on the
FastTrak driver diskette for more recent information as well as the PromiseOnline
services listed on page 65.
The section is divided into the following categories: Motherboard Issues, System
CMOS Issues, Drive Errors, Operating System Errors, and Audio/Video Editing
Tips.
Motherboard Issues
Freeing additional IRQ resources
Since the Promise card supports PCI Interrupt sharing, it is possible to use
IRQs already assigned to another PCI card. Interrupt Sharing is not
supported with onboard IDE controllers. If the onboard IDE controller(s) are
not used, you may disable the controllers to free IRQ 14 and/or 15.
Configuring PCI IRQ resources
Setting the IRQ for a particular PCI slot will be different depending on the
motherboard BIOS. This setting is usually made in the PCI Configuration
and/or Plug and Play (PnP) section of the motherboard BIOS setup. There
are three common methods that motherboard BIOS's handle assignment of
IRQs to PCI slots:
•
Specifically assigning an IRQ to a particular slot - You can tell the
motherboard to use IRQ 10 for PCI slot 1, IRQ 11 for PCI slot 2, etc.
•
Listing which IRQs are available to be assigned to the PCI slots – This
BIOS has an option where you specify 1st Available IRQ, 2nd Available
IRQ, etc. The BIOS then scans the PCI slots for PCI cards and assigns
these IRQs in the order that it finds the PCI cards.
Consult your motherboard manual for information that is specific to your
motherboard.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Intermittent data problems
Overclocking the PCI bus may cause the system to hang or data corruption.
If you experience either of these problems and you are overclocking the PCI
bus, set the PCI bus back to its normal setting to see if this is causing the
errors.
System CMOS Issues
Set motherboard CMOS Boot sequence to boot to FastTrak Controller
On some Motherboard BIOS, it is necessary to set the Boot sequence to
SCSI, A:, C: since the Promise card is identified as a SCSI card.
Motherboard CMOS displays C: or D: drive failure during startup
See the Drive-Related Errors section.
Using an onboard IDE card with FastTrak Controller
If an onboard IDE controller is installed with hard disks, enable support in the
Motherboard Standard CMOS Setup for the drives. Note that the onboard
IDE hard drives will then be the bootable hard disk unless the system BIOS
has a boot sequence setting with the option to specify booting to a different
device.
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Chapter 6: Troubleshooting & Tips
Drive-Related Issues
Critical logical disk (array) status error reported during boot
ID
MODE
SIZE
STATUS
1
1x2 Mirror
120000M
Critical
Exp/Converting
Problem is detected with Array : 1
Critical Status:
A disk member of a mirrored array has failed or is not responding.
The array is still functional, but fault tolerance is disabled.
Before continuing, power off the system and confirm that the drives and
cables are properly attached before replacing the failed drive and
rebuilding the array.
1)
2)
3)
4)
Identify which drive has failed with the "<3> Define array" menu option.
Power off the system, replace the failed drive.
Restart the system and enter the FastBuild (tm) setup menu.
Choose the "<5> Rebuild Array" menu optionto rebuild the array.
Press <Ctrl-F> to enter FastBuild (tm) Utility...
Press <ESC> to continue booting...
If a critical status error message appears on the FastTrak BIOS startup
screen for a mirrored logical disk (array), there is a drive in the logical disk
that has failed or is not responding. The mirrored logical disk has lost its fault
tolerance, but will still perform normal drive reads and writes.
See page 36 for information on how to identify a failed disk drive and rebuild
your logical disk.
Disk drives cannot be formed into a logical disk
Disk drives must support Serial ATA and be free of media defects in order to
be added to a logical disk. Promise recommends using new identical drives
for each logical disk. Also, re-check the data and power cabling and
connections.
System CMOS displays C: or D: drive failure during Startup
Do not reference C: or D: in the Motherboard Standard CMOS for drives
attached to the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller. Only enter drive
information in the Motherboard CMOS for drives attached to the onboard
IDE controller.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Unable to partition or format logical disk
This condition may occur when the Reserve Sector of one of the drives has
become corrupt or bad. Removing (erasing) the reserve sector will remedy
any issue related directly to a bad reserve sector.
Warning
Before removing the reserve sector of the drive(s), backup any
existing data. Removal of the reserve sector of any disk drive
permanently deletes all existing data on the drive.
To remove the reserve sector, follow these steps:
1.
Backup any important data from the logical disk.
2.
Note the logical disk information, including which drives are used, the
number of drives, RAID Level, etc.
3.
Delete the logical disk.
4.
Create a new logical disk using the specifications from the previous
logical disk.
5.
During the creation process, select the Create and Quick Initialize
option.
6.
Partition and format the logical disk using your PC’s operating system.
See page 71.
Logical disk constantly goes critical or offline during reboot
See Unable to Partition or Format logical disk, above.
Cannot rebuild mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk
See Unable to Partition or Format logical disk, above.
Fatal errors or data corruption are constantly reported when reading or
writing to the logical disk
See Unable to Partition or Format logical disk, above.
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Chapter 6: Troubleshooting & Tips
Operating System-Related Issues
The Operating System no longer boots after creating a Mirrored Logical
Disk using your existing boot drive using Windows
This is due to Drive Geometry issues. You can verify this if you move the
original drive back to the onboard controller and it boots successfully. Each
controller can view a drive differently. This can be an issue for a new
controller that loads the original Master Boot Record (MBR) and then has a
problem translating it or the Operating System boot record.
Promise recommends a clean install of the Operating System. This action
restores the MBR and OS boot record. This requires repartitioning and
formatting the drive.
Promise Windows driver does not appear in Device Manager
Windows may already be listing the controller under Other Devices instead
of the Hard disk controllers section. In Device Manager under Other Devices
to see if it lists a PCI Card or RAID Controller. If so, highlight this listing and
click on the Properties button then click on the Driver tab. Depending on your
version of Windows, choose either Change Driver or Update Driver. Follow
the on-screen prompts to complete installation of the driver. If Windows asks
if you want to test if the device can be removed safely, click on CANCEL.
Reboot the system to complete installation of the driver.
“Inaccessible Boot Device” message appears during floppyless installation
of Windows
The F6 key was not pressed at the appropriate time. Reboot the system, and
press the F6 key when the message "Press F6 if you need to install third
party SCSI or RAID driver" appears in Windows.
“No Hard Drives Found” message appears during CD-ROM installation of
Windows
The F6 key was not pressed at the appropriate time. Reboot the system, and
press the F6 key when the message “Press F6 if you need to install third
party SCSI or RAID driver” appears in Windows.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Performance Tips
Here are some tips that may optimize performance in a RAID 0 striped logical
disk. If you are using an audio/video-editing card, we also recommend reviewing
your card's documentation for additional information.
Use FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200 as D: or other non-bootable drive in a
striped logical disk
For Audio/Video editing, keep the original system boot drive on the standard
IDE controller as C: drive. Partitioning software will see the logical disk as
one physical drive, D: or later. This will prevent file fragmentation and
provide better accessibility to the logical disk.
Optimize logical disk for “performance”
The Promise FastBuild BIOS Utility Auto Setup Menu allows optimizing the
logical disk for Performance applications such as A/V Editing. The default
Performance setting (Stripe) selects a Stripe Block size of 64. This larger
block size is recommended for the data streaming requirements of A/V
editing. You may select an even larger block size in manual mode (see
page 25).
FastBuild (tm) Utility 2.03 (c) 2002-2005 Promise Technology, Inc.
[ Auto Setup Options Menu ]
Performance
Optimize Array for:
[ Array Setup Configuration ]
Mode ............................................. Stripe
Spare Drive ...................................... 0
Drive(s) Used in Array ........................... 2
Array Disk Capacity (size in MB) ................. 32083
[ , ,Space] Change Option
[ Keys Available ]
[ESC] Exit
[Ctrl-Y] Save
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Chapter 7: Support
•
Frequently Asked Questions, below
•
Contact Technical Support, page 65
•
Limited Warranty, page 67
•
Return Product for Repair, page 68
Frequently Asked Questions
This section lists frequently asked questions involving pre-installation, drive
issues, installation, and post-installation.
Pre-Installation
(Speed, Device Types, Capacity, Cabling)
What kind of hard drives can I use for a FastTrak Serial ATA RAID logical
disk?
You can use any Serial ATA disk drive(s) to create logical disks on the
FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card. Use matching drives for multiplelogical disks to maximize capacity usage as well as performance.
Will ACPI work with disk drives on the FastTrak Controller card?
Yes.
Can I use ATAPI devices on the FastTrak Controller card?
No. The FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card does not support ATAPI
devices.
Will the FastTrak Controller card work with 66MHz PCI bus speed?
Yes, the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card is designed to
accommodate the newer PCI bus speed and is backward compatible with
33MHz speeds.
How can I change the resources that the FastTrak uses?
The FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card is fully PnP. This means all
the resources that it uses are given to it by the PnP BIOS on the
motherboard. The FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller does support IRQ
sharing, but this will not work unless ALL the concerned devices support the
feature. If your motherboard allows you to control the assignment of these
resources, you may be able to remedy the problem by:
•
Changing the IRQ assignments to the PCI slots in the motherboard
BIOS during boot up.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
•
Reset the configuration data in your CMOS. This is usually an option in
the PnP section of your CMOS.
•
Otherwise, switch the FastTrak card to a different PCI slot.
How does the FastTrak Controller provide storage and/or data protection
with their logical disks?
The FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card implements three different
RAID levels as follows:
RAID 0 (Stripe)
For capacity – The FastTrak logical disk will be as big as the smallest drive in
the logical disk times however many drives are in the logical disk. Any larger
HDDs will simply be truncated. The truncated space on the bigger drives is
unusable.
For sustained data transfers – Using FastTrak, a RAID 0 logical disk
consisting of two drives will transfer at about twice the speed of the slowest
drive in the logical disk. A RAID 0 logical disk consisting of four drives
(TX4200) will transfer at about three times the speed of the slowest drive in
the logical disk.
RAID 1 (Mirror)
For capacity – The FastTrak logical disk will be as big as the smallest drive in
the logical disk. The larger drive will simply be truncated. The truncated
space on the bigger drive is unusable.
For sustained data transfers – The FastTrak logical disk will write data at the
rate of the slowest drive in the logical disk. The FastTrak logical disk will read
data at twice the rate of the slowest drive in the logical disk.
RAID 10 (Mirror/Stripe) (TX4200 only)
For capacity – The FastTrak logical disk will be twice the size as the smallest
drive in the logical disk. Larger drive will simply be truncated. The truncated
space on the bigger drives is unusable.
For sustained data transfers – The FastTrak logical disk will read and write
data at the rate of the slowest drive in the logical disk.
Drive Issues
Can I add a drive to a FastTrak logical disk via hot-swap and dynamically
adjust the logical disk size?
Yes. The FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card supports dynamically
adjustable RAID size and RAID level. RAID level changes depend on the
original RAID level and the number of drives available.
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Chapter 7: Support
Do the disk drives on the FastTrak Controller have to be the same size?
The disk drives connected to the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller card
do not have to be the same size. If the sizes differ, the FastTrak Controller
will truncate the bigger drive so the drives match. The resulting difference in
drive space is unusable, so avoid using disk drives of significantly different
capacities.
I already have a logical disk on an older FastTrak controller. Can I move that
logical disk to my new FastTrak Serial ATA RAID controller?
Yes, provided your logical disk was build using Serial ATA disk drives. All
FastTrak controllers read the logical disks the same way so you can move
them from one controller to another.
Can I take a drive used in a FastTrak logical disk and access it directly with
a different controller, such as the one integrated on the motherboard?
Only Single-drive striped (RAID 0) and mirrored (RAID 1) logical disk
configurations allow the drive(s) to be accessed individually on another
controller. Multiple-drive striped (RAID 0) or mirrored/striped (RAID 10)
drives will not work.
If I have a problem with one of the drives on the FastTrak Controller, how
can I low-level format it to correct the problem?
Do NOT do this. Low-level formatting is unnecessary and generally does not
correct problems commonly experienced. If you think the disk drive is faulty,
run the drive manufacturer’s diagnostic utility on it.
Errors such as bad sectors or ECC/CRC failure are best remedied by
completely replacing the drive. For this reason, do NOT low-level format the
drives attached to the FastTrak controller.
Do I have to install disk management software on my logical disk in order to
access the full storage capacity of drives?
No! Disk management software will only complicate things. The logical disk
should be fully addressable by your OS as it is. Remember that some
operating systems have varying limits on the sizes of partitions and logical
drives that can be defined. Consult your OS documentation about
partitioning larger drives.
What system BIOS setup settings do I use for the drives on the FastTrak
Serial ATA RAID Controller card?
None. The drives on the FastTrak Controller are supported by the FastTrak
BIOS and/or OS drivers, not by your system BIOS.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
How do I partition/format my FastTrak logical disk?
The FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller represents the logical disk as a
single disk drive to your system. Therefore, anything that you can do to a
single disk drive you can do to a FastTrak logical disk. You can partition the
logical disk as you see fit using any file system you want.
Installation Issues
(Capacity, Booting)
How can I change the system boot sequence in order to boot from the
FastTrak logical disk?
The boot sequence is controlled by the system BIOS. As far as the system
BIOS is concerned, the FastTrak Serial ATA RAID Controller and its defined
logical disks are categorized as a SCSI device. This allows you to set the
boot sequence in your BIOS setup utility to boot from SCSI first, rather than
IDE.
If there are multiple SCSI add-in controllers in the system, then the boot
sequence among is determined by their PCI slot priority. PCI slot #1 will be
first, slot #2 second, etc. If you want to boot from the logical disk, put the
FastTrak Controller in the PCI slot where it will be accessed before the other
SCSI controllers.
How can I change the boot sequence between a PCI SCSI card and the
FastTrak logical disk?
Since all PCI devices are PnP, it is difficult to determine which device is
addressed first. Some newer motherboard BIOSes have advanced options
that identify devices and allow you to select which device will be assigned
resources first. Otherwise you may have to physically switch the device
cards on the PCI slots so that the boot device is in the highest priority slot
number, as described in the previous answer.
Post-Installation
Why can't I see the drives on the FastTrak Controller card under FDISK?
You have not created a logical disk yet. If no logical disk has been created,
the system will not recognize drive(s) attached to the FastTrak card.
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Chapter 7: Support
Contact Technical Support
Promise Technical Support provides several support options for Promise users to
access information and updates. We encourage you to use one of our electronic
services, which provide product information updates for the most efficient service
and support.
If you decide to contact us, please have the following information available:
•
Product model and serial number
•
BIOS and driver version numbers
•
A description of the problem / situation
•
System configuration information, including: motherboard and CPU type,
hard drive model(s), ATA/ATAPI drives & devices, and other controllers.
Technical Support Services
Promise Online™ Web Site
http://www.promise.com
(technical documents, drivers, utilities, etc.)
North and South America
E-mail Support
support@promise.com
Fax Technical Support
(408) 228-0730
Attention: Technical Support
Phone Technical Support
(408) 228-6073
7:30-5:30pm M-F Pacific Standard Time
If you wish to write us for
support:
Promise Technology, Inc.
Attn: Technical Support
580 Cottonwood Drive
Milpitas, CA 95035, USA
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
Europe, Africa and Middle East
E-mail Support
support@promise.nl
Fax Technical Support
+31 (0) 40 256 9463
Attention: Technical Support
Phone Technical Support
+31 (0) 40 235 2600
8:30-5:00pm The Netherlands Time
If you wish to write us for
support:
Promise Technology Europe B.V.
Attn: Technical Support
Luchthavenweg 81-125
5657 EA Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Pacific Rim
E-mail Support
support@promise.com.tw
Fax Technical Support
+886 3 564 53 13
Attention: Technical Support
Phone Technical Support
+886 3 578 23 95 (ext. 8873)
9:00-5:30pm Taiwan Time
If you wish to write us for
support:
Promise Technology, Inc.
Attn: Technical Support
2F, No. 30, Industry E. Rd. IX
Science-based Industrial Park
Hsinchu, Taiwan, R.O.C.
China
E-mail Support
support-china@promise.com
Fax Technical Support
+86 10 8857 8015
Attention: Technical Support
Phone Technical Support
+86 10 8857 8085 or 8095
9:00-6:00pm China Time
If you wish to write us for
support:
Promise Technology China
Attn: Technical Support
Room 1205,Tower 3,Webok Time-center
No.17 South Zhong Guan Cun Road
Hai Dian District, Beijing 100081
P.R. China
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Chapter 7: Support
Limited Warranty
Promise Technology, Inc. (“Promise”) warrants that for three (3) years from the
time of the delivery of the product to the original end user:
a)
the product will conform to Promise’s specifications;
b)
the product will be free from defects in material and workmanship under
normal use and service.
This warranty:
a)
applies only to products which are new and in cartons on the date of
purchase;
b)
is not transferable;
c)
is valid only when accompanied by a copy of the original purchase
invoice.
d)
Is not valid on spare parts, fans, and power supplies
This warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from:
a)
improper or inadequate maintenance, or unauthorized modification(s),
performed by the end user;
b)
operation outside the environmental specifications for the product;
c)
accident, misuse, negligence, misapplication, abuse, natural or
personal disaster, or maintenance by anyone other than a Promise or a
Promise-authorized service center.
Disclaimer of other warranties
This warranty covers only parts and labor, and excludes coverage on software
items as expressly set above.
Except as expressly set forth above, Promise DISCLAIMS any warranties,
expressed or implied, by statute or otherwise, regarding the product, including,
without limitation, any warranties for fitness for any purpose, quality,
merchantability, non-infringement, or otherwise. Promise makes no warranty or
representation concerning the suitability of any product for use with any other
item. You assume full responsibility for selecting products and for ensuring that
the products selected are compatible and appropriate for use with other goods
with which they will be used.
Promise DOES NOT WARRANT that any product is free from errors or that it will
interface without problems with your computer system. It is your responsibility to
back up or otherwise save important data before installing any product and
continue to back up your important data regularly.
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
No other document, statement or representation may be relied on to vary the
terms of this limited warranty.
Promise’s sole responsibility with respect to any product is to do one of the
following:
a)
replace the product with a conforming unit of the same or superior
product;
b)
repair the product.
Promise shall not be liable for the cost of procuring substitute goods, services,
lost profits, unrealized savings, equipment damage, costs of recovering,
reprogramming, or reproducing of programs or data stored in or used with the
products, or for any other general, special, consequential, indirect, incidental, or
punitive damages, whether in contract, tort, or otherwise, notwithstanding the
failure of the essential purpose of the foregoing remedy and regardless of
whether Promise has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Promise
is not an insurer. If you desire insurance against such damage, you must obtain
insurance from another party.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages for consumer products, so the above limitation may not apply to you.
This warranty gives specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that
vary from state to state. This limited warranty is governed by the State of
California.
Your Responsibilities
You are responsible for determining whether the product is appropriate for your
use and will interface with your equipment without malfunction or damage. You
are also responsible for backing up your data before installing any product and
for regularly backing up your data after installing the product. Promise is not liable
for any damage to equipment or data loss resulting from the use of any product.
Return Product For Repair
If you suspect a product is not working properly, or if you have any questions
about your product, contact our Technical Support Staff through one of our
Technical Services, making sure to provide the following information:
•
Product model and serial number (required)
•
Return shipping address
•
Daytime phone number
•
Description of the problem
•
Copy of the original purchase invoice
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Chapter 7: Support
The technician will assist you in determining whether the product requires repair.
If the product needs repair, the Technical Support Department will issue an RMA
(Return Merchandise Authorization) number.
Return ONLY the specific product covered by the warranty (do not ship cables,
manuals, diskettes, etc.), with a copy of your proof of purchase to:
USA and Canada:
Promise Technology, Inc.
Customer Service Dept.
Attn.: RMA # ______
580 Cottonwood Drive
Milpitas, CA 95035
Other Countries:
Return the product to your dealer
or retailer.
Contact them for instructions
before shipping the product.
You must follow the packaging guidelines for returning products:
•
Use the original shipping carton and packaging
•
Include a summary of the product’s problem(s)
•
Write an attention line on the box with the RMA number
•
Include a copy of proof of purchase
You are responsible for the cost of insurance and shipment of the product to
Promise. Note that damage incurred due to improper transport or packaging is
not covered under the Limited Warranty.
When repairing returned product(s), Promise may replace defective parts with
new or reconditioned parts, or replace the entire unit with a new or reconditioned
unit. In the event of a replacement, the replacement unit will be under warranty
for the remainder of the original warranty term from purchase date, or 30 days,
whichever is longer.
Promise will pay for standard return shipping charges only. You will be required to
pay for any additional shipping options (such as express shipping).
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Fast Trak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
70
Appendix A: Partition and Format
In order for your operating system to recognize and work with the disk drives
attached to your FastTrak TX2200 or TX4200 Serial ATA RAID Controller card,
the drives must be partitioned and formatted.
•
If your drives were previously partitioned and formatted they are ready to use
and you can skip this procedure
•
If your drives have not been partitioned and formatted, you must do that job
before you can use them
The actions of partitioning and formatting create a file structure on the disk drives
with which your operating system can work. In the example below, we show how
this is done in Windows. A similar procedure is required for Linux PC’s. However,
partitioning and formatting in Linux is unautomated, therefore please refer to your
system documentation for the exact procedure.
Note
If you plan to boot your computer from this logical disk, go to
Windows and Device Driver Installation under the Installation
section for instructions. The instructions here are for data logical
disks only.
1.
From the desktop, right-click on the My Computer icon and select Manage
from the popup menu. The Computer Management window opens.
2.
From the left menu, click on Disk Management. The Disk Management
window opens with your new logical disk identified as Disk 1. The Initialize
Wizard appears automatically.
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FastTrak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
3.
Click the Next button to start the Wizard.
4.
In the following windows, select Disk 1 to Initialize. Do not select any disks to
Convert. Click the Finish button to Initialize the logical disk.
5.
Right-click on the Unallocated portion of Disk 1 and select New Partition...
from the popup menu. The New Partition Wizard appears.
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Appendix A: Partition and Format
6.
Click the Next button to start the wizard.
7.
In the following windows, do the following actions. Click Next to move to the
next window.
8.
•
Select Primary Partition
•
Specify the maximum available partition size in MB
•
Assign the available drive letter of your choice
•
Choose Format this partition with the following settings
•
File system: NTFS
•
Allocation unit size: Default
•
Volume label: Enter your choice of name
•
Do not check “Perform a quick format” or “Enable file and folder
compression”
Review your selections and click Finish. The New Partition Wizard will
disappear while partitioning and formatting begin.
This process will take some time. The Disk Management window displays
the progress.
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FastTrak TX2200 / TX4200 User Manual
When formatting is complete, your logical disk will appear as a hard drive in
the Disk Management window (above) and the My Computer window
(below).
74
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