Rolls-Royce | Silver Cloud II | Engine Workshop Manual Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II and Bentley S2

Engine Workshop Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II
and
Bentley S2
TSD Publication 753/2006
Printed and Published by
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited
Crewe Cheshire
CW1 3PL England
This publication is a reprint of the original. Whilst
the information is given in good faith Rolls-Royce
Motor Cars Limited gives no warranty or
representation concerning the information and
-such information must not be taken as forming
part of or establishing any contractual or other
commitment by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited.
© Rolls-Royce Limited 1962
Reprinted by Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Limited 1989
Preface
This Workshop Manual has been compiled in an endeavour to assist service
personnel responsible for maintenance and overhaul, in properly maintaining
the high standard of engineering achieved in the production of the Rolls-Royce
Silver Cloud II and Bentley S.2 cars.
The book is copiously illustrated with photographs and orthographic
reproductions which are suitably annotated in order to provide quick reference
with minimum searching.
Although all information contained in the Manual was correct when going
to print, modifications which may subsequently develop will be kept up to date
by means of Service Bulletins.
Information given in the latest Bulletin will supersede that given in
the Section of the Manual to which it refers, until such time as the Manual is
re-issued with the necessary amendments.
Personnel of Rolls-Royce Service Departments at Hythe Road, Willesden,
London, N.W.10, and at Pym's Lane, Crewe, are always prepared to answer
queries or give advice on individual servicing problems, but it will assist
them if queries are accompanied by the chassis number of the car.
Chapter E
CONTENTS
GENERAL INFORMATION
SECTION E 1
ENGINE DATA
SECTION E 2
ENGINE DIMENSIONAL DATA
SECTION E 3
ENGINE
SECTION E 4
CRANKCASE AND CYLINDER LINERS
...........
...
SECTION E 5
LUBRICATION
SECTION E 6
CYLINDER HEADS
SECTION E 7
VALVE GUIDES — TO RENEW
SECTION E 8
VALVE SEAT INSERTS — TO RENEW
. . ....... . .
SECTION E 9
CRANKSHAFT AND MAIN BEARINGS
.............
SECTION E10
CONNECTING RODS AND PISTONS.........................
SECTION Ell
VALVE GEAR
SECTION E12
CAMSHAFT
SECTION E13
DECARBONISING
SECTION E14
Engine cutaway view
S3 supplement
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud II
Engine Manual
and Bentley S2
INDEX
General Information
'A' bank and 'B' bank—Identification
Helicoil Screw Thread Inserts
..
Unified Screw Threads
..
..
Page
E3
E3
E5
Crankcase and Cylinder Liners
Page
Camshaft Bearings — To remove ..
To
fit
Cylinder Liners — To remove
To
Engine Data
Camshaft
..
..
Connecting Rods . .
Cooling System
..
Crankshaft
Cylinder Block
..
Cylinder Heads
Cylinder Liners
..
Exhaust System
..
Fuel System
Ignition Coil
..
Ignition Distributor
Lubrication System
Main Bearings
..
Pistons
Sparking Plugs
..
Specification
..
Valve Gear
Description
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
E7
E7
E8
E7
E7
E7
E7
E8
E8
E8
E8
E8
E7
E7
E8
E7
E7
..
..
..
..
..
23.6.61
..
..
E20
..
E19
E20
..
..
..
..
..
..
E23
For Information
..
..
..
..
E23
Engine Lubrication
Description
E29
Oil Filter
.
E29
To remove filter head. .
..
E30
Oil Pressure Transmitter — To fit ..
..
E30
Oil Filter— To change the element
E26
Oil Pump
Oil Pump —To remove
..
..
..
E27
..
..
E28
..
..
E28
..
..
..
E30
..
..
..
E31
To
fit
To dismantle
To assemble
.
E27
Oil Relief Valve
Oil Sump
E26
..
..
..
..
Cylinder Heads
Description
To
fit
..
E33
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
fit
To remove
..
E31
E33
E33
Valves Guides — To Renew
E35
..
..
..
..
Valve Seat Inserts — To renew
..
..
E37
..
..
E37
To
fit
To remove
..
..
To
E35
E35
..
fit
E37
Crankshaft and Main Bearings
..
.
Description
..
..
..
..
..
E39
To remove
.
..
..
..
..
E40
..
..
..
..
..
E41
To inspect
To regrind
E39
E41
To
Engine
General Description
..
..
..
To
fit
To remove as a unit with the gearbox ..
E21
..
To
E10
E9
E13
E9
Ell
E11
E14
E13
E14
E9
Ell
..
fit
Valves — To remove
..
..
E21
..
..
To remove
Engine Dimensional Data
Crankshaft and Connecting Rod
Crankcase and Cylinders
..
Cylinder Head Studs
Gudgeon Pins
Main Bearing Caps
..
..
Main Bearing Housings . .
..
Main Bearing Housing Studs ..
Oil Pump
Oil Pump Rig Test Performance
Pistons
Valve Gear
..
fit
E42
Main Bearings — To remove without
El5
E18
EI6
removing the Crankshaft
To inspect
To
..
..
..
fit
..
..
E44
..
..
E45
E45
Engine Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II
and Bentley S2
Page
Connecting Rods and Pistons . .
..
..
Connecting Rod Bearings — To remove ..
E48
To
fit
..
Connecting Rods — To check alignment
and twist
E48
E51
Crankpins and Bearings — To inspect
..
E48
Description
..
..
..
..
...
To remove
..
To assemble
..
To
E47
E49
To dismantle
..
..
..
E49
..
..
..
E52
fit
E53
Pistons and Cylinder Bores — To inspect
Small-end Bush — To renew
..
E49
..
Valve gear
Description
..
..
..
••
Hydraulic Tappets—Description
..
To remove
To dismantle
..
To assemble
..
To check the 'leak-down'
To
fit
..
..
Rockers — To remove
..
..
..
To renew
To inspect
Rocker Shaft — To assemble
To
Push rods
To Time
E47
E50
E55
E56
E56
E57
E57
E57
E58
E58
E58
E58
..
fit
..
Camshaft
To remove ..
..
..
..
To
fit
Camshaft and Bearings — To inspect
Camshaft End Float — To check ..
Camshaft Timing Gear — To fit . .
Camshaft Timing Gear Backlash and
Run-out — To check
..
Camshaft Distributor Skew Gear — To
Contact Points — To synchronize
Distributor Driving Gear — To fit
Ignition System — To time
..
Decarbonising . .
..
..
Carbon — To remove
..
Cylinder Heads — To remove
To assemble
To
Final assembly and tuning
Valves — To remove
..
Valve Guides — To inspect
Valve Seat Inserts — To reface
Valve Springs — To test ..
..
..
..
..
fit
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
Page
E58
E58
E59
E62
..
..
..
E61
E61
E62
E62
E62
E62
..
fit
..
..
..
E62
E63
E65
E63
E64
..
..
..
..
E67
E67
E67
E68
E68
E68
E67
E67
E68
E68
..
..
..
..
..
..
23.6.61
NEXT PAGE
El
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
Engine Manual
Fig. El
Cut-away view of engine
Rolls-Royce Silver
10.59
Section El
E2
Engine Manual
Fig. E2
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
Right-hand view of engine
7043
7044
Fig. E3
Section El
Left-hand view of engine
10.59
E3
Rolls-Royce Silver
Engine Manual
Cloud II and Bentley S2
Section El
GENERAL INFORMATION
Identification of the two banks of the engine
Throughout this Manual, continual references are
made to 'A' bank and 'B' bank cylinder heads,
pistons, etc. This system has been devised for easy
identification of the two banks of the engine and is
recognisable by the following.
When viewing the engine from the driver's seat,
the left-hand bank is 'B' bank and the right-hand
bank is 'A' bank.
Helicoil screw thread inserts
On the Rolls-Royce power unit Helicoils have
been fitted where, because of servicing necessities,
parts may have to be removed and refitted at
regular intervals. They have only been used where
the parts are secured by setscrews and not where
studs are fitted.
Helicoil screw thread inserts are made of
precision formed stainless steel wire of diamond
section and when fitted in specially tapped holes
they provide threads of the conventional dimensions with a higher loading strength and offer a
far greater resistance to wear, stripping, seizing
and corrosion of the threads.
New Helicoils can be fitted quite simply by
means of the insertion tool shown in Figure E4,
adopting the following procedure.
Withdraw the mandrel and driving handle from
the threaded nozzle and loading chamber. Place
the insert in the chamber with the tang end lying
towards the nozzle. Slide the slotted mandrel
through the insert and engage the tang in the slot.
Turn the mandrel and handle in a clockwise direction, applying gentle pressure on the insert until
it is threaded into the nozzle. Continue turning
until the first coil of the insert just emerges from
the nozzle.
7082
Fig. E4
1059
Helicoil insertion tool
Section El
E4
Engine Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
When the Helicoil is finally fitted the last coil
should be from1/4to1/2a pitch below the surface of
the work face.
Certain holes are 'through holes' and in this
case it is necessary to remove the tang. Before
fitting Helicoil inserts to 'through holes' it should
be ascertained that the insert tang is notched for
easy break-off. Inserts that do not have notched
tangs should only be fitted to 'blind holes'.
7075
Fig. E5
Helicoil tang break-off tool
Place the insertion tool over the tapped hole,
ensuring that it is square to the work face.
Recommence winding until the insert is transferred
from the nozzle to the tapped hole. At this stage
it is essential that pressure is not applied.
To remove the tang from the insert use the
break-off tool specially provided for the purpose
(see Fig. E5). Insert the punch into the Helicoil
and deliver a sharp hammer blow to the end of
the sliding piece of the punch. The tang will break
off quite cleanly at the notch. Ensure that the tang
does not fall off into the engine crankcase, etc.
If for any reason it is necessary to remove a
Helicoil, the following procedure is recommended,
using the Helicoil extraction tool (see Fig. E6).
7083
Fig. E6
Section El
Helicoil extraction tool
10.59
E5
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud
II
Engine Manual
and Bentley S2
Insert the blade of the extraction tool into the
top coil of the thread insert. Press downwards on
the insert and at the same time turn the blade in
an anti-clockwise direction. The insert will wind
out of the hole quite easily.
UNIFIED NUTS
Unified screw threads
The need for a common standard of screw
threads in the United Kingdom, Canada and the
United States of America, has led to an agreement between the countries concerned to use
UNIFIED THREADS of a mutually acceptable form,
pitch and diameter.
Note
adjoining circles
HIGH DUTY NUTS
Castellated Nut
RR. design
only
There are three types of unified thread:
1. Unified Coarse — UNC.
2. Unified Fine — UNF.
3. Unified Special — UNS.
Note
adjoining circles
These Unified Threads are clearly identified by
the standard system of markings, as illustrated in
Figure E7.
There is little difference between the form of the
American National Thread and the Unified
Thread; therefore the new threads are largely
interchangeable with S.A.E, standards. They are
not, however, interchangeable with B.S.F., and
although B.S.W, have the same number of threads
per inch as the Unified Coarse Series, interchanging is not recommended due to a difference in the
thread form.
Used on cold
forged heads
only
Where nut, bolt and setscrew sizes occur in the
text of this Manual, the sizes are given by the
'across the flats' (A/F) measurements to assist
spanner selection.
10.59
Note
adjoining circles
CORE PLUGS
INSERTS
The following types of thread are used on nuts,
bolts and castings fitted to Rolls-Royce and
Bentley cars.
For all sizes below1/4in. diameter, B.A. threads
are used.
For all sizes between1/4in. and3/4in. diameter
inclusive, the Unified Fine thread is used.
All sizes above3/4in. diameter have been classified by Rolls-Royce and Bentley Motors as
Unified Special and have 16 threads per inch.
The Unified Coarse Thread is not used.
BOLTS
Note recess and
washer face
Note facings
STUDS
Note turret
on visible end
of thread
COUNTERSUNK HEAD
SCREWS
Note turret
for U.N.F.
identification
7088
Fig. E7
Identification of unified threads
Section El
£7
Engine Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II and Bentley S2
Section E2
ENGINE DATA
SPECIFICATION
Type . .
CONNECTING RODS
..
. . Over square 90° V formation, liquid
cooled
Number of Cylinders . Eight—in two banks of four
Bore
4.100 in.
Stroke
..
.. 3.600 in.
Cubic capacity
. . 380.2 cu. in. (6230 c.c.)
R.A.C. rated HP.
53.8
Compression Ratio .. 8:1
Suspension
.
. . The engine and gearbox are of unit
construction. The unit is flexibly
mounted on rubber at three points.
Single-point at the front and twopoint at the rear
CYLINDER BLOCK
Type . .
..
. . Monobloc
Material
..
. . Cast aluminium alloy
..
..
..
..
Detachable wet liners
Centrifugally spun cast iron
CYLINDER HEADS
Description
..
..
Material
..
..
..
. . 'H' section. Forged to size and
balanced
Material
..
. . Chrome molybdenum steel
Big-end bearings
.. Copper-lead with either lead-tin or
lead-indium overlay thin steel shells
with 'pre-sized' bores to suit diameter
of Crankpins
Gudgeon pin bushes
Pressed into connecting rod smallend bosses
Material
..
.. Lead-bonze, steel backed
PISTONS
Type . .
..
Material
..
Number of rings
casting
CYLINDER LINERS
Type . .
Material
Type . .
Two detachable heads, each having
four separate inlet and exhaust ports
Aluminium alloy, with phosphorbronze exhaust valve guides and cast
iron inlet valve guides and with
exhaust and inlet valve seat inserts
of austenitic steel
CAMSHAFT
Material
..
Cams
..
Number of journals
Bearings
..
Thrust taken . .
Drive .
..
..
..
Five-journal crankshaft with four
Crankpins. Integral balance weights
and dynamically balanced
Material
..
. . Chrome molybdenum steel
Damper
..
. . Metalastik rubber vibration damper
Direction of rotation . Clockwise
MAIN BEARINGS
Type . .
..
Material
..
Number
..
23.6.61
Split thin shells with 'pre-sized' bores
to suit crankshaft journal diameters
. . Steel backed copper-lead with either
lead-tin or lead-indium overlay
. . Five
..
..
..
..
..
..
Cast Monikrom iron
5'— 7' longitudinal taper
Four
Four babbit lined steel shells
On front end
Through helical tooth gears
VALVE GEAR
Inlet valves . .
CRANKSHAFT
Description
. . Full skirt, with recessed crown
. . Aluminium alloy
.. Four. Three compression rings and
one oil control ring. Top compression ring is chromium plated.
Bottom two have tapered edges
Material
..
Exhaust valves
Material
..
Valve timing ..
. . Overhead push rod operated. Single
spring. Steel collets with rubber tips
to control valve stem lubrication. 45°
seat angle
. . EN.24 or S.65
. Overhead push rod operated. Single
spring. Steel collets with rubber seals
to control valve stem lubrication.
Seat angle 45°
. . KE.965. Stellite tips and valve seats.
Brightray coated head
. 5° A.T.D.C.
..
Tappets
..
Material
Push rods
..
..
. . Self-adjusting hydraulic tappets with
spherical base
. . Hardenable cast iron
. . Ball-ended tubes
Section E2
£8
Engine
Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II and Bentley S2
LUBRICATION SYSTEM
General
For chassis
and engine
numbers
rods
see Service
Bulletin S2/E1
General
For chassis
and engine
numbers
see Service
Bulletin S2/E1
Type ..
..
..
High pressure supply .
Relief valve . .
. 4
Sump capacity
..
Oil pump
Oil
filter
..
..
..
..
High pressure oil feed to crankshaft,
connecting rods and No. 1 and 4
camshaft bearings and tappets, push
and
rocker ball-end seatings.
Intermittent oil feed through camshaft to rocker shaft, rocker arms,
valve tips, remaining camshaft bearings and camshaft timing gear.
Splash feed to connecting rod smallends, gudgeon pins and cylinder walls
High pressure oil feed .to crankshaft,
connecting rods, camshaft bearings
and tappets, push rods and rocker
ball-end seatings. Intermittent oil
feed through camshaft to rocker
shaft, rocker arms, valve tips and
camshaft timing gears. Splash feed
to connecting rod small-ends, gudgeon
pins and cylinder walls
Pressurised, wet sump system
1000 r.p.m., 37 lb./sq. in. approx.
0 lb./sq. in.
Minimum — 6 pts. (Imp.), 7.2 pts.
(U.S.), 3.4 litres
Maximum — 12 pts. (Imp), 14.4 pts.
(U.S.), 6.82 litres
Spur gear type with fine mesh strainer
pick-up
'British' Full Flow type with built-in
relief valve
Carburetters ..
..
Air cleaner
..
Section E2
Capacity
..
..
21 pts. (Imp.), 25.21 pts. (U.S.), 11.93
litres
Pump
Centrifugal
Fan
5-blade
18 in.
Fan Diameter
Pump and fan drive .. 13/32 in. adjustable 'V' belts
Radiator matrix
. . Film type
Coolant temperature
control
..
.. 75°C. — 78°C.
Coolant
..
. . An inhibited solution of ethylene
glycol to Specification DTD.779
EXHAUST SYSTEM
Straight through large diameter pipe
with two acoustic resonators and one
absorption damper in series
IGNITION DISTRIBUTOR
Make and type
..
Rotation
..
Advance mechanism
Ignition timing
Firing order ..
..
..
..
.
Contact gap ..
Drive ..
..
..
..
Delco Remy. Twin contact breaker
with synchronized contact breaker
arms
Anti-clockwise
Automatic with centrifugal governor
2° B.T.D.C.
Al, Bl, A4, B4, B2, A3, B3, A2
(1,5,4,8,6,3,7,2)
0.019 in. — 0.021 in.
Through camshaft skew gears
IGNITION COIL
FUEL SYSTEM
..
COOLING SYSTEM
Two S.U. H.D.6 diaphragm type.
1.750 in. choke bores. Automatic
choke for cold starting
Dry, paper type, Purolator element
MF.192
Make ..
..
..
Lucas or Delco Remy
SPARKING PLUGS
Make and type
Gap . .
..
.
..
Lodge C.L.N.P. or Champion R.N.8
0.024 in. — 0.027 in.
23.6.61
E9
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
Engine Manual
Section E3
ENGINE DIMENSIONAL DATA
DESCRIPTION
DIMENSION
PERMISSIBLE
WORN DIMENSION
REMARKS
CRANKCASE AND CYLINDERS
Cylinder liner bore grading
H.
4.100 in. — 4.1003 in.
J.
4.1004 in. — 4.1007 in.
K.
4.1008 in. — 4.1011 in.
L.
4.1012 in. — 4.1015 in.
0.004 in. Wear
0.003 in. Ovality
If these measurements are exceeded a new
assembly of liner and piston must
be fitted
M. 4.1016in. — 4.1019in.
0.002 in. — 0.003 in.
Cylinder liner 'nip'
New liners must be selectively fitted or
ground on the end to give this dimension
PISTONS
Piston grading
H.
4.0985 in. — 4.0988 in.
J.
4.0989 in. — 4.0992 in.
K.
4.0993 in. — 4.0996 in.
L.
4.0997 in. — 4.1000 in.
Piston clearance in the bore 0.0012 in. —
0.0018 in. measured 0.906 in. from the
bottom of the skirt across the thrust axis
M. 4.1001 in.—4.1004 in.
Compression ring groove widths
0.0807 in. — 0.0817 in.
Compression ring widths
0.0777 in. — 0.0787 in.
Clearance
0.002 in. —0.004 in.
0.005 in.
Compression ring closed gap
0.015 in. —0.020 in.
0.025 in.
Open gap, nominal
Scraper ring groove width
Scraper ring width
Clearance
Closed gap
Open gap, nominal
The rings should be assembled with
staggered gaps
0.520 in.
0.178 in. — 0.179 in.
0.181 in.
Neglecting spring
0.1755 in. —0.1760 in.
Clearance taken up by spring load
Nil
0.015 in. — 0.020 in.
0.025 in.
0.520 in.
GUDGEON PINS
Bore diameter in piston boss
0.8749 in. —0.8751 in.
Gudgeon pin diameter
0.8751 in. — 0.8753 in.
Interference in boss
10.59
0.0002 in.
—
By selective assembly — at room temp.
68-72°F.
Section E3
E10
Engine Manual
DESCRIPTION
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II and Bentley S2
DIMENSION
CRANKSHAFT AND CONNECTING RODS
Connecting rod small-end bush,
internal diameter
0.8753 in. — 0.8755 in.
PERMISSIBLE
WORN DIMENSION
REMARKS
—
—
Clearance on gudgeon pin
0.0000 in. — 0.0004 in.
0.0005 in.
Big-end bearing housing,
internal diameter
2.3950 in. — 2.3955 in.
—
—
Big-end bearing shell,
internal diameter
2.2505 in. — 2.2515 in.
—
—
Crankpin diameter
2.2485 in. — 2.2490 in.
2.2475 in.
—
Clearance
0.0015 in. —0.003 in.
0.0035 in.
Small-end bush housing,
internal diameter
1.0150 in. — 1.0155 in.
—
Small-end bush, external diameter
1.0175 in. — 1.0185 in.
—
Interference
0.002 in. — 0.0035 in.
—
Connecting rod and cap bolt
holes. Diameter for location
0.375 in. — 0.3755 in.
—
On location diameter
Connecting rod bolt diameter for
location
0.3745 in. —0.375 in.
—
On location diameter
Clearance
Size —0.001 in.
Connecting rod bolt diameter
0.389 in. — 0.391 in.
Connecting rod and cap bolt holes
diameter
0.380 in. — 0.385 in.
Interference
0.004 in. — 0.011 in.
Theoretical nip on connecting rod
bearing shells
0.003 in. — 0.008 in.
—
Connecting rod end float
0.008 in. — 0.017 in.
—
Controlled by clearance between rods
and crankpin end faces
Main bearing shell,
internal diameter
Theoretical
Actual
2.501 in. — 2.502 in.
2.5015 in. — 2.503 in.
—
Due to housing expansion under interference fit of shells
Crankshaft journal diameter
2.4995 in. — 2.5000 in.
2.4985 in.
—
Clearance (Actual)
0.0015 in. —0.0035 in.
0.0045 in.
Renew bearing if lead plating is worn
through
Crankshaft end float
0.004 in. —0.010 in.
0.012 in.
—
—
—
—
At room temp. 68-72°F.
Clearances measured vertically. Renew
bearings if lead plating is worn through
—
Hand push fit in ring gauge
—
On knurled diameter. Bolts should not be
' removed from rods unless they are to be
renewed
Connecting rod bolt stretch
Section E3
For 0.005 in. bolt stretch
Torque load = 32 lb. ft.
—
10.59
E11
Rolls-Royce
DESCRIPTION
Silver
Cloud
DIMENSION
II
and
Bentley
Engine Manual
S2
PERMISSIBLE
WORN DIMENSION
REMARKS
MAIN BEARING HOUSINGS
Bore diameter
2.6655 in. — 2.6660 in.
MAIN BEARING CAPS
Width of cap
5.1005 in. — 5.1010 in.
—
—
5.1000 in. — 5.1010 in.
—
—
Gap width
Interference
This diameter should be checked with the
main bearing cap nuts in position and
torque loaded to 35 lb. ft.
0.001 in. minus 0.0015 in.
—
When the bearing shells are in place
Torque load to 45 lb. ft.
Cap nuts
VALVE GEAR
Camshaft timing gear backlash
0.001 in. — 0.0035 in.
0.005 in.
—
True running of camshaft gear face
0.000 in. — 0.002 in.
—
—
Camshaft end float
0.002 in. — 0.006 in.
—
Camshaft journal diameter
1.9975 in. — 1.998 in.
1.9965 in.
Camshaft bearing,
internal diameter
2.000 in. — 2.0005 in.
2.002 in.
Camshaft journal clearance
0.002 in. — 0.003 in.
0.004 in.
Camshaft bearing,
external diameter
2.129 in. — 2.1305 in.
—
Hand push fit in gauge
Crankcase bore — diameter for
camshaft bearing
2.125 in. — 2.1255 in.
—
—
0.0035 in. — 0.0055 in.
—
Inlet cam and base circle —
overall dimension
1.465 in.—1.470 in.
1.455 in.
Cam lift is 0.250 in. Minimum permissible
lift is 0.235 in.
Exhaust cam and base circle —
overall dimension
1.465 in. — 1.470 in.
1.455 in.
Cam lift is 0.250 in. Minimum permissible
lift is 0.235 in.
--
Camshaft bearing interference
in crankcase
Tappet block bore diameter
Tappet external diameter
Clearance
Tappet leak-down* test
10.59
—
Y.
Z.
Y.
Z.
0.90475 in. — 0.9050 in.
0.9050 in. — 0.90525 in.
0.9040 in. — 0.90425 in.
0.90425 in. — 0.9045 in.
0.0005 in. — 0.001 in.
Time for a plunger travel of
\ in. under a load of 50 lb. is
10-45 sec.
---
—
0.0015 in.
—
This 'leak-down' time is critical and any
tappet outside these figures should be
replaced with a complete assembly. Parts
must not be interchanged
Section E3
E12
Engine
Manual
DESCRIPTION
Rolls-Royce
Silver
DIMENSION
Cloud
II
and Bentley
PERMISSIBLE
WORN DIMENSION
S2
REMARKS
Exhaust valve guide — external
diameter
0.6275 in. — 0.628 in.
Cylinder head bore diameter for
exhaust valve guide
0.625 in. — 0.626 in.
interference in head
0.0015 in. — 0.003 in.
—
Exhaust valve guide — internal
diameter
0.3755 in. — 0.376 in.
0.378 in.
'Bellmouth' at the lower end is permissible
up to 0.006 in. for a depth of 0.375 in.
Exhaust valve stem diameter
0.37175 in. — 0.372 in.
0.3705 in.
—
Clearance
0.0035 in. — 0.00425 in.
0.0060 in.
—
Exhaust valve spring compressed
to 1.600 in.
82 — 86 lb.
71 lb.
Exhaust and inlet valve seat angle
45° minus 1/10°
—
1.7540 in. — 1.7545 in.
—
Exhaust valve seat insert —
external diameter
Cylinder head bore diameter for
seat insert
1.750 in. — 1.751 in.
Interference
0.003 in. — 0.0045 in.
Inlet valve seat insert,
external diameter
—
—
2.0290 in. —2.0295 in.
2.025 in. — 2.026 in.
Interference
0.003 in. — 0.0045 in.
—
Inlet valve guide,
external diameter
0.6275 in. — 0.628 in.
—
Cylinder head bore diameter for
inlet valve guide
0.625 in. — 0.626 in.
—
Interference in head
0.0015 in. — 0.003 in.
—
Inlet valve guide,
internal diameter
0.3755 in. — 0.376 in.
0.3773 in.
Inlet valve stem diameter
0.3735 in. — 0.374 in.
0.3723 in.
Clearance
0.0015 in. — 0.0025 in.
0.005 in.
82 — 86 lb.
Exhaust valve — overall length
5.033 in.
Inlet valve — overall length
5.075 in.
Distributor gear backlash
Section E3
0.002 in. — 0.004 in.
•
—
• . • •
•
—
—
Cylinder head bore diameter
for seat insert
Inlet valve spring compressed
to 1.600 in.
'Crown' with 30° cutter to avoid pocketing after regrinding seat
—
71 lb.
---
--
0.008 in.
23.6.61
E13
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
DIMENSION
PERMISSIBLE
WORN DIMENSION
Rocker bush — internal
diameter
0.7495 in. — 0.74975 in.
0.751 in.
Rocker shaft diameter
0.74825 in. — 0.7485 in.
Clearance
0.001 in. —0.0015 in.
DESCRIPTION
Rocker bush — external
diameter
Engine Manual
REMARKS
0.0035 in.
Early S2
Engines
Hand push fit in gauge
0.845 in. — 0.846 in.
Rocker bore diameter for bush
0.84275 in. — 0.84325 in.
Interference
0.00175 in. — 0.00325 in.
Rocker bore diameter
0.74925 in. — 0.74975 in.
Rocker shaft diameter
0.7485 in. — 0.74825 in.
Clearance
0.001 in. —0.00125 in.
0.0035 in .
Driving shaft diameter
0.4990 in. — 0.4995 in.
0.4970 in.
Shaft bore diameter
0.500 in. — 0.5005 in.
Shaft clearance in casing bore
0.0005 in. — 0.0015 in.
0.003 in.
Stationary spindle diameter
0.499 in.—0.4995 in.
0.4965 in.
Driven gear bush —
internal diameter
0.500 in. — 0.5005 in.
0.5015 in.
Clearance on spindle
0.0005 in. — 0.0015 in.
0.003 in.
0.751 in.
Late S2
Engines
OIL PUMP
Driven gear bush,
external diameter
0.626 in. — 0.6265 in.
Driven gear—internal diameter
0.625 in. — 0.6255 in.
Interference
0.0005 in. — 0.0015 in.
Diametrical clearance between
gears and side of chamber
0.0020 in. — 0.0035 in.
0.006 in.
Pump gears — backlash
0.0005 in. — 0.0025 in.
0.004 in.
Pump gears — end float
0.001 in. — 0.004 in.
0.005 in.
Drive gear backlash
0.0012 in. — 0.0033 in.
0.008 in.
CYLINDER HEAD STUDS
Stud diameter
23.6.61
Permissible only when the radial
clearance of the gears in the case exceeds
this figure
Yellow 0.405 in.—0.404 in.
Red
0.404 in—0.403 in.
Blue
0.403 in.—0.4019 in.
—
Studs must be matched to hole, colour
for colour
Section E3
E14
Engine
Manual
Rolls-Royce
Silver
DESCRIPTION
DIMENSION
Threaded hole diameter
Yellow 0.404 in.—0.403 in.
Red
0.403 in.—0.402 in.
Blue
0.402 in.—0.401 in.
Interference
Cloud
II
and Bentley
S2
PERMISSIBLE
WORN DIMENSION
REMARKS
Studs must be matched to hole, colour
for colour.
0.000 in. to 0.002 in.
MAIN BEARING HOUSING STUDS
Yellow 0.4675in.-0.4665in.
Stud diameter
Red 0.4665 in.—0.4655 in.
Blue 0.4655 in.—0.4643 in.
Studs must be matched to hole, colour
for colour
Yellow 0.4665in.-0.4655in.
Threaded hole diameter
Red 0.4655 in.—0.4645 in.
Blue 0.4645 in —0.4635 in.
0.000 in. to 0.002 in.
Interference
OIL PUMP RIG TEST PERFORMANCE
Oil temperature to be 80°C. (176°F.).
P u m p R.P.M.
Restricting Orifice
Diameter (inches)
500
0.150 — 0.002
1,000
1,500
0.150 —0.002
0.150 — 0.002
180
0.100-0.002
Permissible Minimum
Pressure (lb./ sq. in.)
32
37
40
25 minimum
OIL PUMP RELIEF VALVE SPRING
Free length — 1.975 in.
Load when compressed to 1.125 in. — 111/2lb.
Section E3
23.6.61
E15
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud II
Engine Manual
and Bentley S2
Section E4
ENGINE
General description
The Rolls-Royce power unit is an over square 'V
engine, having eight cylinders and operating on
the four-stroke cycle. It has a bore of 4.100 in.
and a stroke of 3.600 in., giving a total capacity of
380.200 cu. in. (6,230 c.c). The compression ratio
of the power unit is 8.00:1.
The engine and gearbox are mounted as a
single unit in the chassis frame. Suspension of the
unit is provided by a three-point rubber-mounting
system; a single point at the front, under the
sump, and two points at the rear, one on either
side of the clutch casing. This system provides
insulation and a degree of controlled flexibility.
Aluminium alloy pistons, with full skirts and
recessed crowns, are carried on hardened steel
gudgeon pins, which are retained in the pistons by
two circlips. Four rings are fitted to each piston
— three compression rings and one scraper ring.
The cylinder heads of cast aluminium carry the
overhead inlet and exhaust valves. These valves
are positioned in line and run in valve guides
pressed into the heads. The valves are operated
through hydraulic tappets, push rods and rockers
from a centrally positioned camshaft, which is
carried in four white metal bearings. The hydraulic
tappets are carried in detachable blocks located
inside the crankcase.
The aluminium monobloc casting, comprising
crankcase and eight cylinders, incorporates
detachable, full-length, wet liners of centrifugally
spun cast iron. The cylinders are arranged in two
banks of four and are inclined at an angle of
90 deg. to each other, the centre line of each 'B'
bank cylinder being slightly behind that of the
corresponding 'A' bank cylinder.
The dynamically balanced crankshaft is a forging of chrome molybdenum steel, provided with
integral balance weights; it is carried in five bearings. These bearings consist of thin steel shells,
lined with copper lead-indium; the bearings are
held in position by forged aluminium bearing
caps. Crankshaft end thrust is taken by the centre
main bearing, which is fitted with thrust pads at
both front and rear.
The 'H' section connecting rods and caps are
forged to size from either chrome molybdenum or
low nickel chrome molybdenum steels. The
gudgeon pin bushes, which are pressed into the
small-end boss to give an interference fit, are of
lead-bronze on a steel backing. The big-end
bearings are thin steel shells lined with copper
lead-indium.
23.6.61
7037
1
2
GEARBOX DRAIN PLUG
TIMING INSPECTION COVER
3
4
ENGINE DRAIN PLUG
OIL LEVEL GAUGE
Fig. E8 Engine and gearbox drain plugs
Section F.4
EJ6
Engine Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
Air is filtered through a dry micronic paper
filter element, before being drawn through the
carburetters. The carburetters are mounted on a
'T' piece over an eight-branch induction manifold.
An automatic choke mechanism is provided for
cold starting.
Lubrication is provided by a pressurized system.
First-stage filtration is through a fine mesh
strainer and pick-up, before the oil passes through
the pump. Final filtration is through a 'British'
Full-Flow type filter under pressure.
To remove as a unit with the gearbox
The engine and gearbox should be removed
from the chassis frame as a unit, adopting the
following procedure.
Disconnect the leads from the battery terminals.
Evacuate the refrigeration system and disconnect the pipes from the compressor unit. For
detailed instructions on discharging the system,
refer to the Air Conditioning Manual.
Remove any dirt from around the sump drain
plug, place a suitable container in position, then
remove the drain plug and allow the engine oil to
1
Fig.
F10
DRAIN TAP
Cylinder block drain tap
drain; it is advisable to carry out this operation
when the engine is warm. When completely
drained, refit the drain plug (see Fig. E8).
Drain the cooling system. Three drain taps are
provided, one on the radiator and one on each
side of the engine crankcase (see Fig. E9 and
E10). If the cooling system contains anti-freeze
and it is intended to use it again, the coolant
should be drained into a suitable container and
stored.
Disconnect and remove the air silencer unit and
hosing.
Remove the bonnet.
Remove the front apron and radiator shell as
an assembly.
Fig. E9
Section E4
Radiator drain tap
Disconnect the heater and demister pipes from
the cylinder heads and the hoses from the cooling
system.
23.6.61
E17
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II and Bentley S2
Remove the retaining bolts and lift out the
matrix and fan blade shield. Remove the matrix
stays and the support assembly as a single unit.
Disconnect the exhaust pipes from the manifolds
and remove the exhaust manifolds and gaskets.
Remove the undersheets from the chassis.
Disconnect the wiring connections and piping,
then remove the windscreen washer bottle and
motor (see Fig. E12).
The electrical wiring is carried in a loom which
is clipped to the induction manifold. Disconnect
1
WINDSCREEN WASHER RESERVOIR
2
BONNET LOCKING MECHANISM
3
AUTOMATIC CHOKE SOLENOID
4
ENGINE OIL FILLER CAP
5
GENERATOR
6
STEERING PUMP
7
THERMOSTAT HOUSING
8
BRAKE FLUID RESERVOIRS
9
the wires at the following points on the engine:
Coolant temperature indicator.
Generator terminals.
Automatic choke solenoid (see Fig. Ell).
Oil pressure gauge (see Fig. El3).
Oil level gauge (see Fig. E8).
Starter motor (see Fig. E14).
Ignition coil.
The flexible supply pipe from the fuel pump
should be disconnected at the union situated at
the rear of 'A' bank cylinder head.
IGNITION COIL
10
IGNITION CONDENSER
11
IGNITION DISTRIBUTOR
Fig. El 1
Engine Manual
General view of R.H. side of engine
1
RADIATOR FILLER CAP
2
GENERATOR
3
AIR CLEANER AND SILENCER
4
WINDSCREEN WASHER MOTOR
5
WINDSCREEN WIPER MOTOR AND MECHANISM
6
ENGINE DIPSTICK
Fig. E12 General view of L.H. side of engine
23.6.61
Section E4
E18
Engine Manual
Disconnect
carburetters.
Rolls-Royce
Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
the throttle linkage from the
Disconnect the throttle control valve linkage
and the gear change linkage from the gearbox.
Detach the two rubber pipes for the vacuum
lines from the induction manifold. (Applicable to
Phantom V, Long Wheelbase and Bentley
Continental cars.)
Remove the brake servo mechanism from the
rear end of the gearbox.
Disconnect the speedometer drive cable from
the gearbox.
Disconnect the pipes at the unions on the powerassisted steering pump reservoir and drain the
fluid into a suitable container.
Remove the nuts and bolts securing the
universal joint to the gearbox output flange, and
break the connection.
Remove the dipstick and the dipstick tube from
the engine sump.
Fig.
E14
Starter motor
Place two slings around the engine; one at the
front of the crankcase and the other at the rear of
the bellhousing. The front sling should be considerably shorter than the rear one so that the
rear end is lower than the front when the engine
is being lifted from the frame. Take the weight of
the engine and the gearbox unit with the slings.
Remove the bolts and setscrews securing the
engine front mounting and the setscrews securing
the two rear mountings.
Carefully check that all hoses, pipes and cables
are disconnected and that nothing impedes the
removal of the engine.
Lift the engine and gearbox out of the frame.
To fit as a unit
When installing the engine and gearbox as a
unit in the frame, reverse the procedure adopted
for removal, noting the following points.
Renewal of all exhaust gaskets.
All hoses showing signs of deterioration should
be renewed.
Before starting the engine, ensure that the
engine is refilled with fresh oil.
Ensure that the cooling system is replenished.
Fig. E13 Oil filter and oil pressure
Section E4
Finally, connect the battery leads.
23.6.61
EJ9
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
Engine Manual
and Bentley S2
Section E5
CRANKCASE AND CYLINDER LINERS
Description
The crankcase and cylinders form a monobloc
casting which carries wet-type cylinder liners; the
liners are sealed at the top by a single 'O' ring and
at the bottom by two 'O' rings.
expansion of the two metals, caused when the
engine is hot.
Four split-type camshaft bearings are also
fitted in the crankcase.
Core plugs are fitted in order to provide access
to the coolant jackets for cleaning purposes.
The main bearing caps of forged aluminium
have an interference fit in the crankcase of
0.0015 in.
Cast iron tappet blocks are located by two
dowels fitted in the crankcase; one of the dowel
locating holes in the tappet block is elongated to
form a slot which allows for the different rates of
The bores of the tappet blocks are graded into
two sizes and a code letter is etched on the top of
each bore (see Engine Data).
The threads of all studs fitted into the crankcase
have an interference fit of 0.000 in. to 0.002 in. as
quoted in the Engine Data.
All setscrew holes are fitted with helicoil inserts
and the threads into which these helicoils are
screwed are non-standard sizes, therefore no
attempt should be made to fit setscrews into
threaded holes where helicoils are not fitted.
7085
Fig. E15
10.59
(Crankcase
Section E5
E20
Engine Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud II and Bentley S2
Remove the liner and check that the coolant
drain hole is not obstructed; this hole is situated
between the locating grooves for the two bottom
sealing rings.
Examine the sealing rings for distortion or
deterioration and if in a serviceable condition the
rings may be used again, otherwise new rings
should be fitted.
To facilitate easy entry of the liner into the
bore, lightly smear the sealing rings with engine
oil before they are fitted in the crankcase.
7060
Fig. E16
Method of removing cylinder liner using
tool No. RH.7095
Cylinder liners — To remove
If the cylinder liner bores show wear in excess
of 0.004 in., or ovality in excess of 0.003 in., the
liners should be withdrawn and new liners and
pistons fitted.
To enable each liner to be identified with its
bore, the number of the bore is etched on the top
edge of the liner; when fitting the liner this
marking should be opposite the coolant hole on
the top edge of the crankcase face.
Lightly smear oil on the outside diameter, at the
bottom of the liner, then carefully enter it into its
The bore dimensions must only be checked
when the liner is fitted to the crankcase.
Withdraw the liner from the crankcase, using
the liner extraction tool (No. R.H.7095), as shown
in Fig. E16.
The liner is only removable from the top face of
the crankcase.
Cylinder liners — To fit
Before commencing to fit a new liner, ensure
that both the liner and the bore are perfectly
clean, as dirt may prevent the liner seating
correctly in the crankcase.
Fit the liner into the bore and check that it can
be rotated freely.
Check that the liner stands 0.002 in. to 0.003 in.
'proud' of the face of the crankcase. This will give
the correct amount of 'nip' on the liner when the
cylinder head is fitted (see Fig. E17).
Section E5
7092
Fig. E17 Checking cylinder liner 'nip'
10.59
E21
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
Engine Manual
7077
Fig. E18 Removal of camshaft bearing
bore and gently 'work' it down until it becomes
tight; care should be taken to ensure that the top
sealing ring is not dislodged from its groove.
Tap the liner down to ensure that it is completely
'home'. Place a block of wood across the top of
the liner to avoid damaging the bore during this
operation.
Finally, again check for 'nip'.
Camshaft bearings — To remove
The maximum permissible clearance between
the camshaft journals and bearings is 0.004 in. If
this figure is exceeded the camshaft bearings
should be removed, using the special tool
(No. RH.7096), shown in Figure El8.
Camshaft bearings — To fit
Clean the camshaft bearing bores in the crankcase and check the diameters. This reading
10.59
should not exceed 2.1255 in. Fit the new bearings,
using the special tool (No. RH.7096). The bearings should be drawn in from the rear of the
crankcase and with the chamfered edge leading.
If the front bearing is fitted correctly, the split
should be towards the top and at 21 deg. from the
vertical datum. Similarly, the two intermediate
bearings should be fitted with the splits towards
the top and at 14 deg. from the vertical. The rear
bearing should have the split at the top in the
vertical plane. With the bearings positioned thus,
all the oil holes in the bearings will line up with
the oil passages in the crankcase.
The bearings should be finish-line-reamed with
the camshaft bearing line reaming tool (No.
RH.7109). The finished diameter should be
2.000 in. to 2.0005 in. Thoroughly clean the crankcase and remove all the swarf before further
assembly of the engine.
Section E5
E22
Engine Manual
Rolls-Royce Silver
Cloud
II
and Bentley S2
In isolated cases, loss of oil down the crankcase
breather pipe on early S2 engines has occurred.
The oil loss was caused by the camshaft
flinging oil through a gap which existed between
the breather baffle and the wall of the crankcase.
The following modification was carried out.
The baffle plate was removed and the bottom
edge relieved to ensure that it cleared the boss
formed by the camshaft bearing (see 'A' fig. 18a).
The baffle plate was refitted into position and was
bent as necessary to ensure that it fitted flush
against the wall of the crankcase.
Section E5
B6
Fig. 18a Modified baffle shown in position.
'A'. Area of metal removed.
23.6.61
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud III and Bentley S3
Engine Manual
Introduction
It is intended that this Supplement be read in conjunction with the Engine Manual
(T.S.D. Publication 753) for the Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II and Bentley S2. Where
information in the Engine Manual differs from that contained in the Supplement, it
is that in the Supplement which applies to the S3 engine.
Page numbers and figure numbers shown in parenthesis in this Supplement, refer
to the Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud II and Bentley S2 Engine Manual.
The S3 engine is basically similar to the S2 engine, but a number of modifications
have been incorporated which enable the engine to produce greater power and at
the same time maintain a high degree of reliability.
Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud III and Bentley S3
Engine Manual
Chapter E
CONTENTS
ENGINE DATA
Page 1
ENGINE DIMENSIONAL DATA
Page 3
ENGINE
Page 9
ENGINE LUBRICATION
Page 10
CYLINDER HEADS
Page 11
CRANKSHAFT AND MAIN BEARINGS
Page 12
CONNECTING RODS AND PISTONS
Page 15
VALVE GEAR
Page 16
CAMSHAFT
DECARBONISING
Page 17
Page 19
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