User Manual Dual C or Quad Ku Band TVRO Antenna (9497B-21)

User Manual Dual C or Quad Ku Band TVRO Antenna (9497B-21)
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL
FOR SEA TEL MODEL
9497B-21 DUAL C/QUAD KU-BAND TVRO ANTENNA
Sea Tel, Inc.
4030 Nelson Avenue
Concord, CA 94520
Tel: (925) 798-7979
Fax: (925) 798-7986
Email: [email protected]
Web: : www.cobham.com\seatel
December 11, 2009
Sea Tel Europe
Unit 1, Orion Industrial Centre
Wide Lane, Swaythling
Southampton, UK S0 18 2HJ
Tel: 44 (0)23 80 671155
Fax: 44 (0)23 80 671166
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.cobham.com\seatel
Sea Tel Inc doing business as Cobham SATCOM
Document. No. 128375 Revision B
These commodities, technology or software were exported from the United
States in accordance with the Export Administration Regulations. Diversion
contrary to U.S. law is prohibited.
Sea Tel Marine Stabilized Antenna systems are manufactured in the United
States of America.
Sea Tel is an ISO 9001:2000 registered company. Certificate Number 19.2867 was issued
August 12, 2005. Sea Tel was originally registered on November 09, 1998.
R&TTE
CE
The Series 00 Family of Marine Stabilized Antenna Pedestals with DAC-97 or DAC-03
Antenna Control Unit complied with the requirements of European Norms and European
Standards EN 60945 (1997) and prETS 300 339 (1998-03) on April 6, 2004. Sea Tel
document number 122982 European Union Declaration of Conformity for Marine
Navigational Equipment is available on request.
Copyright Notice
All Rights Reserved. The information contained in this document is proprietary to Sea Tel, Inc.. This
document may not be reproduced or distributed in any form without the consent of Sea Tel, Inc. The
information in this document is subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 2008 Sea Tel, Inc.
This docum ent has been registered w ith the U.S. Copyright Office.
ii
Revision History
REV
A
A1
B
ECO#
N/A
N/A
6990
Date
September 3, 2008
November 3, 2008
December 14, 2009
Description
Initial Production Release
Updated logo and font
Updated to include text for GSR2 software functions
iv
By
MDN
MDN
MDN
Table of Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM............................................................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.2. PURPOSE .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3. SYSTEM COMPONENTS ................................................................................................................................................................................. 1-1
1.4. GENERAL SCOPE OF THIS MANUAL .............................................................................................................................................................. 1-2
1.5. QUICK OVERVIEW OF CONTENTS................................................................................................................................................................ 1-2
OPERATION ..................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.1. SYSTEM POWER-UP ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2. ANTENNA INITIALIZATION .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.3. ANTENNA STABILIZATION ........................................................................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.4. STABILIZED PEDESTAL ASSEMBLY OPERATION ........................................................................................................................................ 2-1
2.5. TRACKING OPERATION ................................................................................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.6. ANTENNA POLARIZATION OPERATION ...................................................................................................................................................... 2-2
2.7. LOW NOISE BLOCK CONVERTER OPERATION ........................................................................................................................................... 2-2
2.8. RADOME ASSEMBLY OPERATION ................................................................................................................................................................ 2-2
BASIC SYSTEM INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................................................ 3-1
3.1. SATELLITE BASICS ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.1.1. C-Band Receive Frequency (3.625-4.2GHz).................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.2. Ku-Band Receive Frequency (10.95-12.75GHz) ........................................................................................................3-1
3.1.3. Blockage .........................................................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.4. Rain Fade ........................................................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.5. Signal level.....................................................................................................................................................................................3-1
3.1.6. Satellite Footprints ...................................................................................................................................................................3-2
3.1.7. Linear Satellite polarization..................................................................................................................................................3-2
3.2. ANTENNA BASICS .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
3.2.1. Unlimited Azimuth ....................................................................................................................................................................3-2
3.2.2. Elevation .........................................................................................................................................................................................3-2
3.2.3. Feed Assembly ............................................................................................................................................................................3-3
3.2.4. Antenna polarization ...............................................................................................................................................................3-3
3.2.5. Stabilization ..................................................................................................................................................................................3-3
3.2.6. Search Pattern.............................................................................................................................................................................3-3
3.2.7. Tracking Receiver - Satellite Identification Receiver ..............................................................................................3-3
3.2.8. Tracking ..........................................................................................................................................................................................3-3
3.3. COMPONENTS OF THE SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ................................................................................................................................... 3-4
3.3.1. Antenna ADE Assembly..........................................................................................................................................................3-5
3.3.2. Antenna Control Unit ..............................................................................................................................................................3-5
3.3.3. Above Decks AC Power Supply...........................................................................................................................................3-6
3.3.4. Satellite Receivers .....................................................................................................................................................................3-6
3.3.5. Television/Monitor ....................................................................................................................................................................3-6
3.3.6. Matrix Switch ...............................................................................................................................................................................3-6
INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.1. GENERAL CAUTIONS & WARNINGS ........................................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2. SITE SURVEY ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3. PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION .......................................................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3.1. Unpack Shipping Crates .........................................................................................................................................................4-2
4.3.2. Inspect / Inventory...................................................................................................................................................................4-2
4.3.3. Prepare ADE Mounting Location ......................................................................................................................................4-2
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Table of Contents
5.
6.
7.
4.3.4. Preparing BDE Location ........................................................................................................................................................ 4-2
4.3.5. Installing The System Cables ............................................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.4. ASSEMBLING THE ADE ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.4.1. 144” Radome, Baseframe and Antenna Pedestal System Assembly ............................................................. 4-2
4.4.2. Preparing the ADE for Lift .................................................................................................................................................... 4-4
4.5. INSTALLING THE ADE ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-4
4.5.1. Hoist ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-4
4.5.2. Install Antenna/Radome/Baseframe .............................................................................................................................. 4-4
4.6. INSTALL BDE EQUIPMENT ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4-4
4.6.1. ACU & TMS ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-4
4.6.2. Other BDE Equipment ............................................................................................................................................................ 4-4
4.7. CABLE TERMINATIONS .................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-4
4.7.1. At The Radome ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4-4
4.7.2. ACU & TMS ................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-5
4.7.3. Other BDE Equipment ............................................................................................................................................................ 4-5
4.8. FINAL ASSEMBLY ............................................................................................................................................................................................ 4-5
4.8.1. Remove Stow Braces/Restraints ........................................................................................................................................ 4-5
4.8.2. Verify all assembly and Wiring connections ............................................................................................................... 4-5
4.8.3. Balance Antenna Pedestal.................................................................................................................................................... 4-5
4.9. POWER-UP THE ADE .................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-5
4.9.1. Initialization ................................................................................................................................................................................. 4-5
4.9.2. Home Flag Position.................................................................................................................................................................. 4-5
4.9.3. BDE ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-5
4.10. SETUP ............................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-5
SETUP .................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-1
5.1. OPERATOR SETTINGS..................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2. AUTO TRIM ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-1
5.3. MANUALLY OPTIMIZING TARGETING ........................................................................................................................................................ 5-1
5.1. SAT SKEW SETTING ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.2. POLARITY ANGLE (POLANG) PARAMETERS ............................................................................................................................................. 5-2
5.3. OPTIMIZING AUTO-POLARIZATION ON RECEIVE SIGNAL ...................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.4. CALIBRATING RELATIVE ANTENNA POSITION (HOME FLAG OFFSET) ................................................................................................. 5-3
5.4.1. To Calculate HFO: ..................................................................................................................................................................... 5-3
5.4.2. To Enter the HFO value: ........................................................................................................................................................ 5-4
5.5. RADIATION HAZARD AND BLOCKAGE MAPPING (AZ LIMIT PARAMETERS) ..................................................................................... 5-6
5.6. TX POLARITY SETUP ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-6
5.7. TRACK DISP ................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-6
5.8. ACU FACTORY DEFAULT PARAMETER SETTINGS – SERIES 97B & 00B ANTENNAS ...................................................................... 5-7
FUNCTIONAL TESTING .......................................................................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.1. ACU / ANTENNA SYSTEM CHECK............................................................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2. LATITUDE/LONGITUDE AUTO-UPDATE CHECK ........................................................................................................................................ 6-1
6.3. SHIP HEADING – GYRO COMPASS FOLLOWING CHECK .......................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.4. AZIMUTH & ELEVATION DRIVE ................................................................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.5. FOUR QUADRANT TRACKING TEST............................................................................................................................................................. 6-1
6.6. BLOCKAGE SIMULATION TEST ..................................................................................................................................................................... 6-2
MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING .............................................................................................................................. 7-1
7.1. WARRANTY INFORMATION .......................................................................................................................................................................... 7-1
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Table of Contents
7.2.
8.
9.
RECOMMENDED PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE .......................................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2.1. Check ACU Parameters ..........................................................................................................................................................7-1
7.2.2. Latitude/Longitude Auto-Update check ........................................................................................................................7-1
7.2.3. Heading Following ....................................................................................................................................................................7-1
7.2.4. Azimuth & Elevation Drive ....................................................................................................................................................7-2
7.2.5. Test Tracking ................................................................................................................................................................................7-2
7.2.6. Visual Inspection - Radome & Pedestal ......................................................................................................................7-2
7.2.7. Mechanical Checks ...................................................................................................................................................................7-2
7.2.8. Check Balance .............................................................................................................................................................................7-2
7.2.9. Observe Antenna Initialization...........................................................................................................................................7-2
7.3. TROUBLESHOOTING ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 7-2
7.3.1. Theory Of Stabilization Operation ....................................................................................................................................7-2
7.3.2. Series 97B-21/00B-21 Dual C-Band OR Quad Ku-Band TVRO RF Flow ......................................................7-3
7.3.3. Antenna Initialization (Series 97B & Series 00 ) .......................................................................................................7-4
7.3.4. Troubleshooting using DacRemP......................................................................................................................................7-4
7.3.5. Antenna Loop Error Monitoring ........................................................................................................................................7-5
7.3.6. Reference Sensor Monitoring .............................................................................................................................................7-7
7.3.7. Open Loop Rate Sensor Monitoring ................................................................................................................................7-8
7.3.8. Open Loop Motor Test ............................................................................................................................................................7-9
7.3.9. To Disable/Enable DishScan ................................................................................................................................................7-9
7.3.10. Satellite Reference Mode ...................................................................................................................................................7-10
7.3.11. To Read/Decode an ACU Error Code 0008 (Pedestal Function Error): .....................................................7-10
7.3.12. Remote GPS LAT/LON Position:.......................................................................................................................................7-12
7.4. MAINTENANCE .............................................................................................................................................................................................7-14
7.4.1. Balancing the Antenna.........................................................................................................................................................7-14
7.4.2. To Adjust Tilt: ............................................................................................................................................................................7-15
7.4.3. To Reset/Reinitialize the Antenna:.................................................................................................................................7-16
7.5. PEDESTAL CONTROL UNIT CONFIGURATION (XX97B & XX00) .........................................................................................................7-17
7.5.1. To configure the PCU; ..........................................................................................................................................................7-17
7.5.2. MODEL CONFIGURATION NUMBERS ........................................................................................................................7-17
7.6. ANTENNA STOWING PROCEDURE .............................................................................................................................................................7-18
9497B-21 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................................. 8-1
8.1. 9497 ANTENNA REFLECTOR ....................................................................................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2. FEED ASSEMBLIES .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2.1. TVRO-21 Dual C-Band / Quad Ku-Band Feed Assembly .......................................................................................8-1
8.3. STABILIZED ANTENNA PEDESTAL ASSEMBLY ........................................................................................................................................... 8-2
8.4. PEDESTAL CONTROL UNIT (PCU) .............................................................................................................................................................. 8-2
8.5. UNLIMITED AZIMUTH MODEMS (3 CHANNEL) ....................................................................................................................................... 8-3
8.6. 144” RADOME ASSEMBLY ........................................................................................................................................................................... 8-3
8.7. ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS (ADE) ..................................................................................................................................................... 8-3
8.8. CABLES ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8-4
8.8.1. Antenna Control Cable (Provided from ACU-MUX) ................................................................................................8-4
8.8.2. Antenna L-Band TVRO IF Coax Cables (Customer Furnished) ..........................................................................8-4
8.8.3. AC Power Cable (Pedestal & Rf Equipment)................................................................................................................8-4
8.8.4. Gyro Compass Interface Cable (Customer Furnished) .........................................................................................8-4
8.8.5. Fiber Optic Transmitter (CFE Optional) .........................................................................................................................8-4
MODEL 9497B-21 DRAWINGS............................................................................................................................................................ 9-1
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Table of Contents
9.1.
9.2.
MODEL 9497B-21 SPECIFIC DRAWINGS ................................................................................................................................................ 9-1
SERIES 97A & 00 GENERAL DRAWINGS ................................................................................................................................................... 9-1
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
viii
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
1.
Introduction
Introduction
1.1.
General Description of system
Your Series 00 system is a fully stabilized antenna that has been designed and manufactured so as to be inherently
reliable, easy to maintain, and simple to operate. Except for start-ups, or when changing to operate with different
transponders or satellites, the equipment essentially permits unattended operation.
1.2.
Purpose
This shipboard Television Receive Only (TVRO) system provides you with satellite TV programming while inport or
underway. Your Antenna system will receive signals of adequately high E.I.R.P. levels (see the Specifications section of
this manual), in linear or circular polarization mode from any of the geosynchronous TV satellites at C-Band or Kuband frequencies (dependant upon currently installed feed assembly). This input will be distributed to all of your
satellite TV receivers which will provide the Audio/Video to your Televisions. Many satellites also provide CD quality
audio programming which may also be routed to your stereo equipment.
1.3.
System Components
Your TVRO Antenna system consists of two major groups of equipment; an above-decks group and a below-decks
group. Each group is comprised of, but is not limited to, the items listed below. All equipment comprising the Above
Decks is incorporated inside the radome assembly and is integrated into a single operational entity. For inputs, this
system requires only an unobstructed line-of-sight view to the satellite, Gyro Compass input and AC electrical power.
Video and Audio outputs from your satellite receivers are available for distribution and monitoring.
For more information about these components, refer to the Basic System Information section of this manual.
A. Above-Decks Equipment (ADE) Group
1. Stabilized antenna pedestal
2. Antenna Reflector
3. Feed Assembly with LNB(s)
4. Radome Assembly
B. Below-Decks Equipment Group
5. Antenna Control Unit
6. 2 or 4 input Matrix Switch with desired number of outputs (one output to the ACU plus enough outputs for
the installed satellite receivers).
7. Satellite Video Receiver(s) & Television(s)
8. Control, RF and Video cables
1-1
Introduction
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Figure 1-1 TVRO Simplified Block Diagram
1.4.
General scope of this manual
This manual describes the Sea Tel Antenna (also called the Above Decks Equipment), its’ operation and installation.
Refer to the manual provided with your Antenna Control Unit for its’ installation and operating instructions.
1.5.
Quick Overview of contents
The information in this manual is organized into chapters. Operation, basic system information, installation, setup,
functional testing, maintenance, specifications and drawings relating to this Antenna are all contained in this manual
1-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
2.
Operation
Operation
2.1.
System Power-up
Turn the Power switch on the louvered panel of the antenna pedestal ON. This will energize the antenna pedestal and
the associated RF equipment.
Turn the Power switch on rear panel of the Antenna Control Unit (ACU) ON.
2.2.
Antenna Initialization
A functional operation check can be made on the antenna stabilization system by observing its behavior during the 4
phases of initialization.
Turn the pedestal power supply ON. The PCU will initialize the stabilized portion of the mass to be level with the
horizon and at a prescribed Azimuth and Elevation angles. The antenna will go through the specific sequence of steps
(listed below) to initialize the antenna. These phases initialize the level cage, elevation, cross-level and azimuth to
predetermined starting positions.
Initialization is completed in the following phases, each phase must complete properly for the antenna to operate
properly (post-initialization).
1. Level Cage is driven CCW, issuing extra steps to assure that the cage is all the way to the mechanical stop.
Then the Level cage will be driven exactly 45.0 degrees CW.
2. Elevation axis activates - Input from the LV axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive the Elevation of the
equipment frame to bring the tilt sensor LV axis to level (this results in the dish being at an elevation angle of
45.0 degrees).
3. Cross-Level axis activates - Input from the CL axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive Cross-Level of the
equipment frame to bring the cross-level axis of the tilt sensor to level (this results in the tilt of the CrossLevel Beam being level).
4. Azimuth axis activates - Antenna drives in azimuth until the “Home Flag” signal is produced. This signal is
produced by a Home Switch hitting a cam or by a Hall Effect sensor in close proximity to a Magnet.
This completes the phases of initialization. At this time the antenna elevation should 45.0 degrees and Relative
azimuth should be at be at home flag (home switch engaged on the home flag cam).
If any of theses steps fail, or the Antenna Control Unit reports model number as "xx97" re-configure the PCU as
described in section the Setup section of this manual. If initialization still fails, refer to the troubleshooting section of
this manual.
2.3.
Antenna Stabilization
After initialization has completed, real-time stabilization of the antenna is an automatic function of the PCU.
2.4.
Stabilized Pedestal Assembly Operation
Operation of the stabilized antenna Pedestal Control Unit (PCU) is accomplished remotely by the Antenna Control
Unit (ACU). Refer to the Operation section of the Antenna Control Unit manual for more specific operation details.
There are no other operating instructions applicable to the pedestal assembly by itself.
2.5.
Tracking Operation
Tracking optimizes the antenna pointing, in very fine step increments, to maximize the level of the satellite signal
being received. The mode of tracking used in this antenna is a variation of Conical Scanning called DishScan.
DishScan continuously drives the antenna in a very small circular pattern at 60 RPM. The ACU evaluates the received
signal throughout each rotation to determine where the strongest signal level is (Up, Right, Down or Left) and issues
the appropriate Azimuth and/or Elevation steps to the antenna, as needed.
You cannot control tracking from the pedestal itself. Refer to the ACU manual for tracking operation information.
2-1
Operation
2.6.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Antenna Polarization Operation
Linear feeds are equipped with a polarization motor and potentiometer feedback and are controlled from the Antenna
Control Unit. Auto-Polarization mode is the default polarization mode of operation from the ACU. Polarization may
be operated manually from the ACU for diagnostic or alignment purposes. Refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual
for more operation information.
2.7.
Low Noise Block Converter Operation
There are no operating instructions or controls applicable to the LNB. This unit is energized whenever the matrix
switch and satellite receiver(s) have AC power connected to them.
Satellite signals are either circular polarized (spiraling plane down from the satellite) or linear polarized (fixed plane
down from the satellite). The pedestal will receive circular polarization signals when a circular LNB is installed on the
back of the dish. Conversely, the pedestal will only receive linear polarized signals when a linear LNB is installed.
2.8.
Radome Assembly Operation
When operating the system it is necessary that the radome access hatch (and/or side door) be closed and secured in
place at all times. This prevents rain, salt water and wind from entering the radome. Water and excessive
condensation promote rust & corrosion of the antenna pedestal. Wind gusts will disturb the antenna pointing.
There are no other operating instructions applicable to the radome assembly by itself.
2-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
3.
Basic System Information
Basic System Information
This section provides you with some additional information about the satellites you will be using, basics of your Series antenna
system and some of the other equipment within your system configuration.
3.1.
Satellite Basics
The satellites are in orbit at an altitude of 22,754 miles and are positioned directly above the equator. Their orbital
velocity matches the Earth’s rotational speed, therefore, each appears to remain at a fixed position in the sky (as
viewed from your location).
Your antenna can be used with any of the satellites in this orbit that have a strong enough receive signal level. Your
antenna is capable of being fitted with a Linear or Circular feed assembly. The feed may be designed to operate at CBand frequencies, Ku-Band frequencies or be capable of operation in both bands. With the correct feed assembly you
will be able to receive the linear or circular signal at the specific frequency range of the desired satellite.
3.1.1.
C-Band Receive Frequency (3.625-4.2GHz)
At these frequencies the signal from the satellite travels only in a straight line and is affected by weather
changes in the atmosphere. There are several conditions that can cause a temporary loss of satellite signal,
even within an area where the signal level is known to be adequate. The most common of these normal
temporary losses are blockage and rain fade. They will interrupt services only as long as the cause of the
loss persists.
3.1.2.
Ku-Band Receive Frequency (10.95-12.75GHz)
At these frequencies the signal from the satellite travels only in a straight line and is affected by weather
changes in the atmosphere. There are several conditions that can cause a temporary loss of satellite signal,
even within an area where the signal level is known to be adequate. The most common of these normal
temporary losses are blockage and rain fade. They will interrupt services only as long as the cause of the
loss persists.
3.1.3.
Blockage
Blockage is loss due to an object in the path of the signal from the satellite to the dish. If an object that is
large and dense is positioned in the path of the signal from the satellite, it will prevent sufficient signal from
arriving at the dish. The signal can not bend around, or penetrate through, these objects and the reception
will be degraded or completely interrupted. The dish is actively driven to remain pointed at the satellite
(toward the equator) so, as the ship turns a mast or raised structure of your ship may become positioned
between the satellite and the dish. Blockage may also be caused a anything standing near the radome, tall
mountains, buildings, bridges, cranes or other larger ships near your ship. Moving or rotating the ship to
position the antenna where it has an unobstructed view to the desired satellite will restore the antennas’
ability to receive the satellite signal.
3.1.4.
Rain Fade
Atmospheric conditions that may cause sufficient loss of signal level include rain, snow, heavy fog and some
solar activities (sun spot and flare activity). The most common of these is referred to as “rain fade”. Rain
drops in the atmosphere reduce the signal from the satellite. The heavier the rain the higher the amount of
signal loss. When the amount of loss is high enough, the antenna will not be able to stay locked onto the
satellite signal. When the amount of rain has decreased sufficiently, the antenna will re-acquire the satellite
signal. In a strong signal area, rain fall of about four inches per hour will cause complete loss of signal. In
weaker signal areas the effects would be more pronounced.
3.1.5.
Signal level
The level of the receive signal is dependant upon how powerful the transmission is, how wide the signal beam
is, and what the coverage area is. Focusing the signal into a narrower beam concentrates its energy over a
smaller geographic area, thereby increasing the signal level throughout that area of coverage. This makes it
possible for you to use a smaller antenna size to receive that satellite signal. The antenna system must be
geographically located in an area where the signal level from the satellite meets (or exceeds) the minimum
3-1
Basic System Information
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
satellite signal level required for your size of antenna (refer to the Specifications section of this manual) to
provide suitable reception. This limits the number of satellites that can be used and the geographic areas
where the ship can travel where the signal level is expected to be strong enough to continue providing
uninterrupted reception. When traveling outside this minimum signal coverage area, it is normal for the
system to experience an interruption in its ability to provide the desired satellite services until entering (or reentering) an area of adequate signal level.
3.1.6.
Satellite Footprints
The focused beam(s) from the satellites are normally aimed at the major land masses where there are large
population centers. Footprint charts graphically display the signal level expected to be received in different
geographic locations within the area of coverage. The signal will always be strongest in the center of the
coverage area and weaker out toward the outer edges of the pattern. The coverage areas are intended to be
a guide to reception, however, the actual coverage area and signal level and vary. Also the signal strength is
affected by weather.
3.1.7.
Linear Satellite polarization
Satellites may transmit their signals in
one of two different polarization
modes. The feed installed on your
antenna must be designed to operate
with linear polarized satellite
transmissions.
Circular polarized satellite
transmissions do not require
polarization adjustment to optimize
the reception.
Linear polarized satellite transmissions
require periodic adjustment of
Figure 3-1 Satellite Signal Polarization
“polarization” to optimize the
alignment of the LNB to the angle of the signal from the satellite.
When you are at the same longitude as the satellite, its’ horizontal and vertical signals will be aligned to your
local horizon. When you are east or west of the satellite, the signals will appear to be rotated clockwise or
counter-clockwise from your local horizontal and vertical. Both horizontal and vertical signals from a satellite
will appear to be rotated the same amount and are always perpendicular to each other. The amount of
rotation is dependent on how far east or west you are form the satellite and how close you are to the
Equator.
3.2.
Antenna Basics
The following information is provided to explain some of the basic functions of the antenna:
3.2.1.
Unlimited Azimuth
Azimuth rotation of the antenna is unlimited (no mechanical stops). Azimuth drive, provided by the azimuth
motor, is required during stabilization, searching and tracking operations of the antenna. When the ship
turns, azimuth is driven in the opposite direction to remain pointed at the satellite. The actual azimuth
pointing angle to the satellite is determined by your latitude & longitude and the longitude of the satellite. It
is important to know that the antenna should be pointed (generally) toward the equator.
The azimuth angle to the satellite would be 180 degrees true (relative to true north) if the satellite is on the
same longitude that you are on. If the satellite is east, or west, of your longitude the azimuth will be less
than, or greater than 180 degrees respectively.
When checking for blockage you can visually look over the antenna radome toward the equator to see if any
objects are in that sighted area. If you are not able to find any satellites it may also be useful to remove the
radome hatch to visually see if the dish is aimed the correct direction (towards the equator).
3.2.2.
Elevation
In normal operation the elevation of the antenna will be between 00.0 (horizon) and 90.0 (zenith). The
antenna can physically be rotated in elevation below horizon and beyond zenith to allow for ship motion.
Elevation drive, provided by the elevation motor, is required during stabilization, searching and tracking
3-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Basic System Information
operations of the antenna. The actual elevation pointing angle to the satellite is determined by your latitude
& longitude and the longitude of the satellite. In general terms the elevation angle will be low when you are
at a high latitudes and will increase as you get closer to the equator.
Additionally, from any given latitude, the elevation will be highest when the satellite is at the same longitude
that you are on. If the satellite is east, or west, of your longitude the elevation angle will be lower.
3.2.3.
Feed Assembly
The scalar section of the feed is fitted with a polarization motor and a potentiometer for position feedback
required for linear signal operation. The feed may be fitted for Linear or Circular reception. The appropriate
LNA, LNB or LNC must be installed on the Linear or Circular section of the feed to receive the frequencies of
the desired satellite.
When a Linear feed is installed, the ACU automatically adjusts the feed by remotely controlling the 24 volt
DC motor, using the potentiometer feedback for Linear polarization position (Auto-Polarization mode).
When a Circular feed is installed, no polarization adjustment is required because the circular feed receives the
signal properly regardless of its polarization position.
The feed may be dual band (C-Band and Ku-Band) allowing you to use either band. The Tracking - Band
Selection remotely controls coax switches mounted on the antenna pedestal to select which LNB outputs are
routed through the antenna pedestal to the Below Decks Equipment.
3.2.4.
Antenna polarization
You have a linear polarization feed installed, the system should have been adjusted properly and set-up to
operate in Auto-Polarization mode. The ACU will then automatically adjust the polarization of the feed, as
necessary, while the ship travels in Latitude and Longitude.
3.2.5.
Stabilization
Your antenna is stabilized in all three axes of motion. Stabilization is the process of de-coupling the ships’
motion from the antenna. Simply put, this allows the antenna to remain pointed at a point in space while the
boat turns, rolls or pitches under it. To accomplish this, the Pedestal Control Unit (PCU) on the antenna
pedestal assembly senses the motion and applies drive to the appropriate motor(s) in opposition to the
sensed motion. Azimuth (AZ), Elevation (EL) and Cross-Level (left-right tilt) are actively stabilized
automatically by the PCU as part of its normal operation.
3.2.6.
Search Pattern
Whenever the desired satellite signal is lost (such as when the antenna is blocked) the Antenna Control Unit
will automatically initiated a Search to re-acquire the desired signal.
Search is conducted in a two-axis pattern consisting of alternate movements in azimuth and elevation. The
size and direction of the movements are increased and reversed every other time resulting in an expanding
square pattern.
When the antenna is able to re-acquire the desired signal the ACU will automatically stop searching and
begin Tracking the signal to optimize the pointing of the antenna to get the highest signal level from the
satellite.
3.2.7.
Tracking Receiver - Satellite Identification Receiver
The Satellite Identification Receiver located in the Antenna Control Unit (ACU) is used to acquire, identify
and track a specific satellite by its unique hexadecimal ID code. When properly setup, the settings for the
satellite are saved to expedite future acquisition of the desired satellite.
When searching for the selected satellite this receiver compares the present satellite ID to the targeted
satellite ID code. If the ID code does not match the antenna will continue searching until the correct satellite
is found. The system must have adequate satellite signal level, AND the matching NID, to stop searching (and
begin tracking the desired satellite).
3.2.8.
Tracking
Your Antenna Control Unit actively optimizes the pointing of the dish for maximum signal reception. This
process is called tracking and is accomplished by continuously making small movements of the dish while
monitoring the level of the received signal. Evaluation of this information is used to continuously move the
3-3
Basic System Information
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
stabilization point toward peak satellite signal reception. These minor pointing corrections keep the signal
level “peaked” as part of normal operation.
3.3.
Components of the System Configuration
Figure 3-2 TVRO Simplified Block Diagram
The following text provides a basic functional overview of the system components and component interconnection as
referred to in the simplified block diagram for your Series antenna. Also, refer to the appropriate page of the System
Block Diagram which depicts your system configuration.
3-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
3.3.1.
Basic System Information
Antenna ADE Assembly
The Above Decks Equipment consists of an Antenna Pedestal inside a Radome assembly. The pedestal
consists of a satellite antenna dish & feed with a linear, or a circular Low Noise Block converter (LNB) with
polarization motor mounted on a stabilized antenna pedestal. The radome provides an environmental
enclosure for the antenna pedestal assembly
inside it. This keeps wind, water
condensation and salt-water spray off the
antenna pedestal assembly. This prevents
damage and corrosion that would shorten
the expected life span of the equipment.
The antenna control cable is connected
between the antenna radome assembly and
the antenna control panel. This cable
provides DC voltage to the antenna and all
control signals to and from the antenna.
Six RG-6 (or better) coax cables are
connected from the antenna radome
assembly to the below decks equipment.
One of these cables is the Antenna Control
Cable, which has the DC operating voltage
for the antenna and the antenna control
communication between the Antenna
Control Unit and the Pedestal Control Unit.
Four cables carry the intermediate frequency
(950-2050MHz) signals from the antenna
assembly directly to the matrix switch and
the DC Voltage & Tone switching from the
Matrix Switch to the a the LNB. All four are
Figure 3-3 Series 97 TVRO Above Decks Equipment
provided, even if you are only currently
using two for the LNB you presently have installed on your antenna. These cables ultimately provide the
input signal into the satellite receiver(s). And finally, one coax is installed as a spare.
3.3.2.
Antenna Control Unit
The Antenna Control Unit allows the operator to control and monitor the antenna pedestal with dedicated
function buttons, LED’s and a 2 line display. The ACU and its Terminal Mounting Strip are normally mounted
in a standard 19” equipment rack. The ACU should be mounted in the front of the equipment rack where it is
easily accessible. The Terminal Mounting Strip is normally mounted on the rear of the equipment rack. It is
recommended that the antenna control unit be mounted near the Satellite modem location where you can
see the LED indicators while you are controlling the antenna.
The Antenna Control Unit is connected to the antenna, ships Gyro Compass and Satellite modem.
Figure 3-4 Antenna Control Unit
The Antenna Control Unit (ACU) communicates via an RS-422 full duplex data link with the Pedestal Control
Unit (PCU) located on the antenna. This control signal to/from the antenna is on the Coax cable along with
the 24VDC Pedestal power. The Pedestal Control Unit stabilizes the antenna against the ship's roll, pitch, and
turning motions. The ACU is the operator interface to the PCU and provides the user with a choice of
positioning commands to point the antenna, search commands to find the satellite signal and tracking
functions to maintain optimum pointing angle. The operator may choose to work from either the front
panel, using the M&C Port in conjunction with DacRemP remote diagnostic software, or the built in Ethernet
port and a internal HTML page using a standard internet browser.
3-5
Basic System Information
3.3.3.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Above Decks AC Power Supply
Pedestal Power - An appropriate source of AC Voltage (110 VAC 60 Hz OR 220 VAC 50 Hz) is required for
the above decks equipment. Refer to the Specifications section of this manual for the power consumption of
the antenna pedestal.
3.3.4.
Satellite Receivers
The TVRO Antenna system, with the appropriate LNB installed, can be used with standard European satellite
receivers, and Integrated Receiver-Decoders (IRD). Both can receive “free” programming, but an IRD is
required when the desired programming is encrypted. When authorized, it will decode the encrypted signals
for use. Authorizing the receiver-decoder is a process of registering your receiver(s) and paying subscription
fees to the service provider. The service provider then arranges for a signal to be sent through the satellite to
your receiver-decoder, which will “enable” it to decode the programming you subscribed to.
A coax connection from the antenna (via the matrix switch) provides signal input to the receiver. The
receiver also outputs voltage and tone control to the matrix switch to select the correct band and
polarization signal for the channel you want to watch. A coax connection from the TV OUTPUT jack on the
satellite receiver is connected to the ANTENNA INPUT on the television. Alternately, individual audio/video,
Audio & S-Video, or SCART cable connections may be made between the satellite receiver and the television.
3.3.5.
Television/Monitor
An appropriate television monitor is used to view the satellite television programming and to view the on
screen displays from the receiver.
3.3.6.
Matrix Switch
A matrix switch must be installed with all of the antenna IF coax cables connected to its’ LNB inputs. A coax
cable (RG-6 OR greater) is connected from each matrix switch output to each satellite receiver. Sea Tel
recommends that an ACTIVE Matrix be used in all installations. Matrix switches with 4, 8, 12 and 16 outputs
are available.
Each of the outputs can be connected to a satellite receiver, one of these outputs must be connected the
tracking receiver in the ACU. Each output of the matrix switch is controlled by voltage, and/or tone, from the
satellite connected to that output connector. This voltage, and/or tone, selects which of the input signals
gets routed to that output connector, therefore, to that receiver. Each output of the matrix switch operates
independently of the others, therefore, allows the satellite receivers to operate independently also. As you
change channels on the satellite receiver, it uses the voltage, and/or tone, to select the correct signal input for
the channel you have selected.
3-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.
Installation
Installation
This section contains instructions for unpacking, final assembly and installation of the equipment. It is highly recommended
that final assembly and installation of the Antenna system be performed by trained technicians. Read this complete section
before starting.
4.1.
General Cautions & Warnings
WARNING: Assure that all nut & bolt assemblies are tightened according the tightening
torque values listed below:
Bolt Size
Inch Pounds
1/4-20
75
5/l6-18
132
3/8-16
236
1/2-13
517
NOTE: All nuts and bolts should be assembled using the appropriate Loctite thread-locker
product number for the thread size of the hardware.
Loctite # Description
222
Low strength for small fasteners.
243
Medium strength, oil tolerant.
680
High strength for Motor Shafts & Sprockets.
271
Permanent strength for up to 1” diameter fasteners.
290
Wicking, High strength for fasteners which are already assembled.
WARNING: Hoisting with other than a webbed four-part sling may result in catastrophic
crushing of the radome. Refer to the specifications and drawings for the fully assembled weight
of your model Antenna/Radome and assure that equipment used to lift/hoist this system is
rated accordingly.
CAUTION: The antenna/radome assembly is very light for its size and is subject to large
swaying motions if hoisted under windy conditions. Always ensure that tag lines, attached to
the radome base frame, are attended while the antenna assembly is being hoisted to its
assigned location aboard ship.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exist inside the Antenna Pedestal
Breaker Box. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal Breaker Box.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exists on the side of the Antenna
Pedestal Power Supply. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal
Power Supply.
4-1
Installation
4.2.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Site Survey
The radome assembly should be installed at a location aboard ship where:
1. The antenna has a clear line-of-sight to as much of the sky (horizon to zenith at all bearings) as is practical.
2. Direct radiation into the antenna from ships radar, especially high power surveillance radar arrays, is
minimized. The radome should be as far away from the ships Radar as possible and should NOT be mounted
on the same plane as the ships Radar (so that it is not directly in the Radar beam path).
3. The radome should be as far away from the ships high power short wave (MF & HF) transmitting antennas as
possible.
4. The Above Decks Equipment (ADE) and the Below Decks Equipment (BDE) should be positioned as close to
one another as possible. This is necessary to reduce the losses associated with long cable runs.
5. The mounting location is rigid enough that it will not flex, or sway, in ships motion or vibration. If the
radome is to be mounted on a raised pedestal, it MUST have adequate gussets, or be well guyed, to prevent
flexing or swaying in ships motion.
If these conditions cannot be entirely satisfied, the site selection will inevitably be a “best” compromise between the
various considerations.
4.3.
Preparing For The Installation
4.3.1.
Unpack Shipping Crates
Exercise caution when unpacking the equipment.
4.3.2.
Inspect / Inventory
Carefully inspect the radome panel surfaces for evidence of shipping damage. Inspect the pedestal assembly
and reflector for signs of shipping damage.
4.3.3.
Prepare ADE Mounting Location
Prepare the mounting location for the Radome. If the radome is to be bolted to the deck (or a platform)
assure that the mounting holes have been drilled. Assure that the mounting hardware has obtained and is
readily available.
4.3.4.
Preparing BDE Location
Prepare the mounting location for the Below Decks Equipment. These equipments would normally be
installed in a standard 19” equipment rack. Refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual for installation of the
ACU and the Terminal Mounting Strip.
Refer to the vendor supplied manuals for installation of the other below decks equipments.
Prepare other locations throughout ship for any other equipment which is not co-located with the ACU.
4.3.5.
Installing The System Cables
Install appropriate cables from Below Decks Equipment to the ADE Location(s).
The cables must be routed from the above-decks equipment group through the deck and through various
ship spaces to the vicinity of the below-decks equipment group. When pulling the cables in place, avoid the
use of excessive force. Exercise caution during the cable installation to assure that the cables are not
severely bent (proper bend radius), kinked or twisted and that connectors are not damaged.
Assure that the cables have been run through watertight fittings and/or will not permit water entry into the
ship when the installation is completed. After cables have been routed and adjusted for correct cable length
at each end, seal the deck penetration glands and tie the cables securely in place.
4.4.
Assembling the ADE
The assembly procedure described below begins by sub-assembling sections of the baseframe, radome and pedestal.
Then these are assembled to form the ADE.
4.4.1.
144” Radome, Baseframe and Antenna Pedestal System Assembly
Refer to the System Block diagram, General Assembly, Radome Assembly and Baseframe Assembly drawings
for your system.
4-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Installation
NOTE: Unless otherwise indicated, all nuts and bolts should be assembled
with Loctite 271 or its equivalent.
WARNING: Assure that all nut & bolt assemblies are tightened according the tightening torque
values listed below:
SAE Bolt Size
Inch Pounds
Metric Bolt Size
Kg-cm
1/4-20
75
M6
75.3
5/l6-18
132
M6
225
3/8-16
236
M12
622
1/2-13
517
1.
Select a secure assembly site that provides enough area to work with the large radome panels. Place
the radome base pan on temporary support blocks at least 22 inches high.
2. Assemble the radome base frames eight legs and eight braces using the hardware provided. Loosely
assemble all legs and braces aligning all matching marks before tightening any of the bolts. Insure
that a split washer is used under each nut.
3. Refer to the radome assembly drawing. Observe the painted numbers on the radome panels that
clearly identify their positions respective to each other and the base pan assembly.
4. Loosely assemble the 6 lower side panels, using the hardware provided, to form the bottom half of
the radome. Do NOT tighten the bolts at this time. Open each seam wide enough to install a good
bead of silicone caulk, then firmly tighten all the bolts in that flange. Repeat until all flanges are
sealed.
5. Loosely assemble the 6 upper side panels, using the hardware provided, to form the upper half of
the radome. Do NOT tighten the bolts at this time. Open each seam wide enough to install a good
bead of silicone caulk, then firmly tighten all the bolts in that flange. Repeat until all flanges are
sealed.
6. Apply a good bead of silicone caulk all the way around the top cap. Install the cap into the upper
radome panel assembly using the hardware provided and tighten all the bolts.
7. Set the lower half of the radome assembly on the base pan aligning the painted numbers on the
radome panels. Loosely attach the lower side panel assembly to the base frame using the hardware
provided. Do NOT tighten the bolts at this time. Lift the lower side panel assembly wide enough to
install a good bead of silicone caulk between it and the base pan, then firmly tighten all the bolts.
8. Fasten the antenna pedestal assembly, complete with base stand, to the base pan using the 1/2-13 x
1 1/2 (or the 3/8-16 x 1 1/2) inch bolts inserted from the bottom up and install a flat washer, a lock
washer and a nut in each mounting hole. Apply Loctite 271 and tighten securely.
9. Attach the antenna assembly (reflector, struts and feed) to the stabilized pedestal, by using the
reflector mounting hardware provided. Position the antenna over the four antenna support struts
(the antenna and the dish mounting clips are numbered or color coded make sure they match).
Insert the four mounting bolts, washers and nuts, apply Loctite 271 and tighten.
10. Attach the 15 pin connector on the antenna reflector harness to the shielded Polang Aux Relay box.
Connect the IF receive coax cables from the feed to the pedestal Modem or coax relay/switch panel
according to the block diagram.
11. Using a four point web lifting sling and lifting clips, lift the upper half of the radome up over the
antenna pedestal and set it onto the lower side panels aligning the painted numbers on the radome
panels. Loosely attach the upper and lower halves of the radome using the hardware provided. Do
NOT tighten the bolts at this time. Insert wedges between the upper side panel assembly and the
lower side panel assembly to hold open a space wide enough to install a good bead of silicone caulk
between it and the lower side panels, then remove the wedges and firmly tighten all the bolts.
12. Gently restrain the antenna prior to lifting the ADE onto the ship to restrict movement inside the
radome during the lift.
4-3
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.4.2.
Preparing the ADE for Lift
Install Stow Braces, or other restraints, on the Antenna Pedestal. Attach shackles and web type lifting harness
to the four lifting holes in the base-frame.
4.5.
Installing The ADE
4.5.1.
Hoist
WARNING: Hoisting with other than a webbed four-part sling may result in
catastrophic crushing of the radome. Refer to the specifications and drawings for the
fully assembled weight of your model Antenna/Radome and assure that equipment used
to lift/hoist this system is rated accordingly.
CAUTION: The antenna/radome assembly is very light for its size and is subject to
large swaying motions if hoisted under windy conditions. Always ensure that tag lines,
attached to the radome base frame, are attended while the antenna assembly is being
hoisted to its assigned location aboard ship.
1.
2.
3.
4.5.2.
Assure that the antenna is restrained before hoisting. Check that all nuts on the base frame assembly
are tightened according the torque values listed below:
Using a four-part lifting sling, and with a tag line attached to the radome base frame, hoist the
antenna assembly to its assigned location aboard ship by means of a suitably-sized crane or derrick.
The radome assembly should be positioned with the BOW marker aligned as close as possible to the
ship centerline. Any variation from actual alignment can be compensated with the AZIMUTH TRIM
adjustment in the ACU, so precise alignment is not required.
Install Antenna/Radome/Baseframe
Bolt, or weld, the legs of the radome base frame directly to the ship's deck. If the deck is uneven or not level,
weld clips to the deck and attach them to the legs of the radome base frame. When completed the radome
base must be level.
4.6.
Install BDE Equipment
4.6.1.
ACU & TMS
Refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual for installation of the ACU and the Terminal Mounting Strip.
4.6.2.
Other BDE Equipment
Refer to the vendor supplied manuals for installation of the other below decks equipment.
4.7.
Cable Terminations
4.7.1.
At The Radome
The TX and RX, or TVRO IF, cables must be inserted through the cable strain reliefs at the base of the radome.
Apply RTV to the strain relief joints and tighten the compression fittings to make them watertight. Attach
the pedestal cable adapters to the TX and RX, or TVRO IF, cables from below decks. Refer to the System
Block Diagram.
AC Power cable for the Antenna Pedestal and RF Equipment is routed into the AC Power Breaker box and
connected to the breaker terminals.
4-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Installation
Sea Tel recommends that separate, dedicated, AC Power be provided for the Marine Air Conditioner (Do NOT
combine with the AC Power provided for the Antenna Pedestal and RF Equipment). This AC Power cable is
routed into the Marine Air Conditioner and terminated to the AC terminals inside.
4.7.2.
ACU & TMS
To Connect AC Power, Gyro Compass Connection and IF Input refer to the Antenna Control Unit manual.
Installation of optional (remote) Pedestal, and /or Radio, Monitor & Control connection(s) from a PC
Computer are also contained in the ACU manual.
4.7.3.
Other BDE Equipment
Refer to the vendor supplied manuals for installation of the other below decks equipment.
4.8.
Final Assembly
4.8.1.
Remove Stow Braces/Restraints
Remove the restraints from the antenna and verify that the antenna moves freely in azimuth, elevation, and
cross level without hitting any flanges on the radome.
4.8.2.
Verify all assembly and Wiring connections
Verify that all pedestal wiring and cabling is properly dressed and clamped in place.
4.8.3.
Balance Antenna Pedestal
Assure that the antenna assembly is balanced front to back, top to bottom and side to side by observing that
it remains stationary when positioned in any orientation. Refer to the Maintenance section for complete
information on balancing the antenna.
4.9.
Power-Up The ADE
Turn Pedestal AC power breaker ON.
4.9.1.
Initialization
Turn the pedestal power supply ON. The PCU will initialize the stabilized portion of the mass to be level with
the horizon and at a prescribed Azimuth and Elevation angles. The antenna will go through the specific
sequence of steps to initialize the level cage, elevation, cross-level and azimuth to predetermined starting
positions. Each phase must complete properly for the antenna to operate properly (post-initialization). Refer
to the initialization text in the Troubleshooting section in this manual. Observe the Initialization of the
antenna pedestal.
If any of these steps fail, or the ACU reports model "xx97", re-configure the PCU as described in the Setup
section of this manual. If initialization still fails, this indicates a drive or sensor problem, refer to the
Troubleshooting section.
4.9.2.
Home Flag Position
Note the approximate position of the antenna relative to the bow of the ship while it is at the home switch
position. This information will be used later to calibrate the relative position display of the antenna.
4.9.3.
BDE
Turn Power ON to the ACU. Record the power-up display, Master (ACU) Model & Software version and the
Remote (PCU) Model & Software version.
4.10. Setup
Refer to the Setup information in the next section of this manual and in the Setup section of your ACU Manual.
4-5
Installation
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
4-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.
Setup
Setup
Below are basic steps to guide you in setting up the ACU for your specific antenna pedestal. Assure that the Antenna Pedestal
(ADE) has been properly installed before proceeding. Refer to the Setup section of you ACU manual for additional parameter
setting details.
5.1.
Operator Settings
Refer to the Operation chapter of this manual to set the Ship information. Latitude and Longitude should
automatically update when the GPS engine mounted above decks triangulates an accurate location, but you may enter
this information manually to begin. If your gyro source is providing Heading information in any format other than
NMEA-0183 format, you will have to enter in the initial Ship’s Heading position, the Gyro Compass will then keep the
ACU updated.
Set the Satellite information, for the satellite you will be using. The receiver settings are especially important. At this
point you should be able to target the desired satellite. Continue with the setup steps below to optimize the
parameters for your installation.
5.2.
AUTO TRIM
The Auto Trim function will automatically calculate and set the required Azimuth and Elevation trim offset parameters
required to properly calibrate the antennas display to the mechanical angle of the antenna itself.
Refer to “Optimizing Targeting” in the Setup section of this manual for further details on the parameters set.
To enable this function, the Antenna MUST be actively tracking the satellite with positive SAT ID: After locating the
satellite wait at least 30 seconds before performing the AUTO TRIM feature, this will allow sufficient time for the
antenna to peak up on signal. It is equally important that you verify that the system is tracking the CORRECT satellite
(verify video is produced on the Televisions in a TVRO system or verify a RX lock indication on the satellite modem in
a VSAT system).
While in the AUTO TRIM sub-menu, press the LEFT arrow key to bring start the calibration procedure, the display
should read AUTO TRIM SETUP, press the ENTER key to submit. AUTO TRIM SAVED will be displayed, indicating the
proper AZ and EL trims were submitted to RAM. This does not save these parameters to NVRAM, in order to save to
memory, continue down through the setup mode parameters until the SETUP SAVE NEW PARAMETERS sub menu
is displayed. Press the RIGHT arrow and then press the ENTER key. The display should now report that the parameters
were saved.
NOTE: The AUTO TRIM feature only will work if your system is actively tracking a satellite (AGC above threshold and
positive SAT ID, internal NID match or external RX lock received, has been established). If any of the previous
conditions are not met, AUTO TRIM LOCKED will be displayed on the front panel, indicating that the AUTO TRIM
Feature is not enabled. From the AUTO TRIM SETUP screen, press any MODE key (DAC2302) or NEXT key (DAC2202)
without hitting ENTER to escape this screen without submitting the new AZ and EL Trim values.
5.3.
Manually Optimizing Targeting
First, assure that all of your Ship & Satellite settings in the ACU are correct. Target the desired satellite, immediately
turn Tracking OFF, and record the Azimuth and Elevation positions in the “ANTENNA“ display of the ACU (these are
the Calculated positions). Turn Tracking ON, allow the antenna to “Search” for the targeted satellite and assure that
it has acquired (and peaks up on) the satellite that you targeted. Allow several minutes for the antenna to “peak” on
the signal, and then record the Azimuth and Elevation positions while peaked on satellite (these are the Peak
positions). Again, assure that it has acquired the satellite that you targeted!
Subtract the Peak Positions from the Calculated Positions to determine the amount of Trim which is required. Refer to
the ACU Setup information to key in the required value of Elevation Trim. Continue with Azimuth trim, then re-target
the satellite several times to verify that targeting is now driving the antenna to a position that is within +/- 1.0 degrees
of where the satellite signal is located.
EXAMPLE: The ACU targets to an Elevation position of 30.0 degrees and an Azimuth position of 180.2 (Calculated),
you find that Peak Elevation while ON your desired satellite is 31.5 degrees and Peak Azimuth is 178.0. You would
enter an EL TRIM value of –1.5 degrees and an AZ TRIM of +2.2 degrees. After these trims values had been set, your
peak on satellite Azimuth and Elevation displays would be very near 180.2 and 30.0 respectively.
5-1
Setup
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.1.
Sat Skew setting
The Satellite Skew setting in the Satellite – Tracking Receiver sub-menu (prior to NID) is used to enter the skew of the
satellite to optimize polarity angle.
This feature will replace the use of POL OFFSET to optimize polarization of the feed. From here on out, POL OFFSET
will serve to calibrate the feed itself. Think of it as mechanical calibration. We will recommend that you target a
satellite that is of your same longitudinal position (ie for us here in Concord we would target 122W). Drive the
reflector to 0 or 5 degrees elevation (this is so you can easily view the feed). Drive the feed to vertical and then place
a level bubble on the LNB. Add or subtract POL OFFSET as required to center the air bubble. Then save this parameter.
Cross-pol isolation tests will now require the operator to increase or decrease the SAT SKEW parameter. Each digit
represented on this screen represents one whole degree of feed drive. This parameter addition was a direct response
to item #3 below which is making the ACU’s work with Satellite Modems that are OpenAMIP compatible.
5.2.
Polarity Angle (POLANG) Parameters
First of all make sure that the polang parameters are set correctly:
6. POL TYPE – should be set to 0072 (Auto-Pol mode).
7. POL OFFSET – This is initially set to factory default (0040) but will be incremented, or decremented, to
calibrate the feed to the horizon with a level (bubble or digital).
8. POL SCALE – Leave this at the factory default setting of 0090.
9. Go to the TX POLARITY parameter in the Setup menu of the ACU and set this parameter to your assigned
Transmit polarity (2=Horizontal or 4=Vertical).
10. Target your desired satellite (as provided by you airtime provider).
11. Verify the system has acquired the correct satellite, else continue searching until the correct satellite is
acquired, and set your satellite modem (or spectrum analyzer) to view its signal level display.
12. Allow tracking to peak the satellite signal.
13. SAT SKEW – This setting will be incremented, or decremented, to optimize the polarity to peak the received
satellite signal, and later to do cross-pol isolation with the airtime provider, network operation center or
satellite provider.
5.3.
Optimizing Auto-Polarization on Receive Signal
This procedure optimizes the linear polarization of the feed based on the received signal level.
1. Verify that tracking is ON and that the antenna is peaked on your targeted satellite (targeting calculates the
azimuth, elevation and polarization angles).
2. Go to the SAT SKEW parameter in the Satellite menu of the ACU. Default setting is 0000 and may be
incremented, or decremented, to adjust polarization while in Auto-Pol mode. Each increment equals one
degree of polarization rotation, decrement below 0000 for minus polarization.
3. Press the RIGHT arrow to edit the current value.
4. While watching the modems signal strength, the ACUs AGC value, or the spectrum analyzer satellite signal
level, press the UP arrow to increment or the DOWN arrow to decrement the value and then hit the ENTER
key to adjust the feed to the new value. Allow 10 seconds between increments or decrements to allow
time for feed assembly to drive to new position.
5. Press the RIGHT key again, make another small change in the same direction and hit ENTER to carry out the
adjustment.
6. Repeat this process of making small adjustments in the same direction until you see the modem signal
strength, ACUs AGC value, or the spectrum analyzer satellite signal level decrease a noticeable amount (10
counts on the signal strength, 10 counts of AGC or ½ dB of signal level).
7. Note the SAT SKEW value.
8. Make a series of small changes in the opposite direction until you see the signal peak and then fall the same
amount as noted in step 6.
9. Note this SAT SKEW value.
10. Set SAT SKEW to mid way between the value noted in step 7 & 9.
11. Save your new SAT SKEW value.
5-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.4.
Setup
Calibrating Relative Antenna Position (Home Flag Offset)
During initialization, azimuth drives the CW antenna until the Home Switch is contacted, which “presets” the relative
position counter to the value stored in the Home Flag Offset. This assures that the encoder input
increments/decrements from this initialization value so that the encoder does not have to be precision aligned.
The Home Switch is a micro switch with a roller arm which is actuated by cam mounted on the azimuth driven
sprocket, or it is a hall sensor which is actuated by a magnet mounted on the azimuth driven sprocket, which produces
the “Home Flag” signal.
The Home Flag Offset is a value saved in NVRam (Non-Volatile RAM) in the PCU. This value is the relative position of
the antenna when the home switch is engaged. Presetting the counter to this value assures that when the antenna is
pointed in-line with the bow of the ship the counter will read 000.0 Relative (360.0 = 000.0).
In most cases when the antenna stops at the home
flag, it will be pointed in-line with the Bow of the ship.
In these cases Home Flag Offset (HFO) should be set
to zero. When “Optimizing Targeting” small variations
(up to +/- 5.0 degrees) in Azimuth can be corrected
using If it AZ TRIM as described in the Optimizing
Targeting procedure above.
Large variations in Azimuth position indicate that the
Relative position is incorrect and should be
“calibrated” using the correct HFO value instead of an
Azimuth Trim offset. This is especially true if sector
blockage mapping is used.
If the antenna stops at the home flag, but it is NOT
pointed in-line with the Bow of the ship, it is
important to assure that the antennas actual
position (relative to the bow of the ship) is the value
that gets “preset” into the Relative position counter.
By saving the antennas actual Relative position when
at the home flag into HFO, you have calibrated the
antenna to the ship.
Figure 5-1 Antenna stops In-line with Bow
5.4.1.
To Calculate HFO:
If Targeting has been optimized by entering a large value of AZ TRIM; First, verify that you are able to
repeatably accurately target a desired satellite (within +/- 1.0 degrees). Then you can use the AZ TRIM value
to calculate the value of HFO you should use (so you can set AZ TRIM to zero). AZ Trim is entered as the
number of tenths of degrees. You will have to convert the AZ TRIM value to the nearest whole degree
(round up or down as needed). Calculated HFO value is also rounded to the nearest whole number.
If AZ TRIM was a plus value: HFO = (TRIM / 360) x 255 Example: AZ TRIM was 0200 (plus 20
degrees). HFO = (20/360) x 255 = (0.0556) x 255 = 14.16 round off to 14.
If AZ TRIM was a negative value: HFO = ((360-TRIM) / 360)) x 255 Example: AZ TRIM = -0450
(minus 45 degrees). HFO = ((360 – 45) / 360)) x 255 = (315 / 360) x 255 = 0.875 x 255 = 223.125
round of to 223.
If Targeting has NOT been optimized, allow the antenna to initialize to its home flag position. Visually
compare the antennas pointing to the bow-line of the ship (parallel to the Bow). Note the antennas position
relative to the Bow. If it appears to be very close to being parallel to the bow, HFO will probably not be
needed and you can proceed with Optimizing Targeting. If it is NOT close, initialization was driving the
azimuth CW, note if the antenna appears to have stopped before it got to the Bow or if it went past the Bow.
You may be able to guess an approximate amount of how many degrees the antenna is from the bow. This is
only intended to help you initially find the satellite (which direction you will have to drive and approximately
how far you will have to drive). Refer, in general terms, to the Optimizing Targeting procedure.
5-3
Setup
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
If the antenna stopped before it got to the bow-line; When you initially target a satellite, the
antenna will also stop prior to the satellite position, so you that will have to drive the Azimuth of the
antenna UP to actually find the satellite. Using the same basic procedure as in the Optimizing
Targeting paragraph, target the
satellite and record the “Calculated”
Azimuth position that the antenna
was driven to. Drive UP until you
find the satellite, positively identify
that you are on the satellite you
targeted and allow tracking to peak
the antenna position. Record the
“Peak” Azimuth position. Subtract
the “Peak” position from the
“Calculated” position to determine
the number of degrees of AZ TRIM
that would be required.
Example: In this new installation, I
target my desired satellite and record
the Calculated Azimuth to be 180.5.
I drive UP and finally find my desired
satellite at a Peak Azimuth of 227.0
degrees. I subtract Peak from
Figure 5-2 Antenna stopped before the Bow
Calculated and difference to be –
46.5 degrees, therefore the actual
Relative position that needs to be
preset into the counter when the
antenna is at the Home Flag is
313.5. HFO = ((360-46.5) / 360))
x 255 = (313.5 / 360) x 255 =
0.87 x 255 = 222.06 which I
round down to 222.
If the antenna went past the
bow-line; When you initially
target a satellite, the antenna will
also go past the satellite position,
so that you will have to drive the
Azimuth of the antenna DOWN
to actually find the satellite.
Using the same basic procedure
as in the Optimizing Targeting
paragraph, target the satellite and
record the “Calculated” Azimuth
position that the antenna was
driven to. Drive DOWN until you
Figure 5-3 Antenna stops past the Bow
find the satellite, positively
identify that you are on the
satellite you targeted and allow tracking to peak the antenna position. Record the “Peak” Azimuth
position. Subtract the “Peak” position from the “Calculated” position to determine the number of
degrees of AZ TRIM that would be required. . Refer to the calculations above to determine the HFO
you should use for this antenna.
Example: In this new installation, I target my desired satellite and record the Calculated Azimuth
to be 180.0. I drive DOWN and finally find my desired satellite at a Peak Azimuth of 90.0 degrees. I
subtract Peak from Calculated and difference to be +90.0 degrees, therefore the actual Relative
position that needs to be preset into the counter when the antenna is at the Home Flag is 90.0.
HFO = ((90.0) / 360)) x 255 = 0.25 x 255 = 63.75 which I round up to 64.
5.4.2.
To Enter the HFO value:
To enter the calculated HFO value, press & hold both LEFT and RIGHT arrows for six seconds to enter the
parameter menu at the EL TRIM parameter window. Press DOWN arrow key numerous times (about 21) until
you have selected the REMOTE COMMAND window.
5-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Setup
In the REMOTE COMMAND window, press the LEFT arrow key until you have underscored the left most
character in the displayed value (ie the A in "A0000"). Use the UP/DOWN arrow keys to
increment/decrement the underscored character until it is upper case N (“N0000” should appear in the
command window). Press the RIGHT arrow key to move the cursor under the most significant digit, then use
the UP arrow key to increment it to a value of 6 (the display is now “N6000”). Set the three digits to the right
of the 6 to the three digit HFO value from 000 to 255 (corresponding to 0 to 360 degrees) that you
calculated above. Use the LEFT/RIGHT keys to underscore the desired digit(s) then use the UP/DONW arrow
keys to increment/decrement the underscored value. When you have finished editing the display value, press
ENTER to send the HFO value command to the PCU (but it is not save yet).
If you want to find out what the current HFO value is key in N6999 and hit ENTER.
When completed, you must save the desired HFO value. Press ENTER several times to select the REMOTE
PARAMETERS display. Press the LEFT or RIGHT arrow key to enter writing mode and then press the ENTER to
save the HFO value in the PCUs NVRAM.
EXAMPLE: In the “Antenna stopped before the Bow” example above, the HFO calculated was 222. To enter
this value:
4. Set the Remote Command value to "N6222".
5. Press ENTER to send this HFO to the PCU. The display should now show "N0222".
6. When completed, you must save the desired HFO value. Press ENTER several times to select the
REMOTE PARAMETERS display. Press the LEFT or RIGHT arrow key to enter writing mode and
then press the ENTER to save the HFO value in the PCUs NVRAM.
You have to drive the antenna CW in azimuth until the home switch is actuated, or re-initialize the antenna
to begin using the new HFO value you have entered and saved. To re-initialize the antenna from the
REMOTE COMMAND window of the ACU;
7. Press UP arrow key several times to return to the REMOTE COMMAND display.
8. Press the LEFT or RIGHT arrow key to enter edit mode. Use the LEFT/RIGHT and UP/DOWN
arrow keys to set the character and digits to "^0090" and then press the ENTER key.
This resets the PCU on the antenna. The antenna will reinitialize with this command (Performs a similar
function as a power reset of the antenna) and the new home flag offset value will be used to calibrate the
Relative position of the antenna.
5-5
Setup
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.5.
Radiation Hazard and Blockage Mapping (AZ LIMIT parameters)
This system may be programmed with relative azimuth and elevation sectors (zones) where blockage exists or where
transmit power would endanger personnel who are frequently in that area.
Refer to your ACU Manual for instructions on programming of these zones.
5.6.
TX Polarity Setup
With the feed in the center of its polarization adjustment range, observe the transmit port polarity (vector across the
short dimension of the transmit wave-guide).
If the transmit polarity in the center of the travel range is vertical, use the following entries:
2 Vertical Transmit Polarity
4 Horizontal Transmit Polarity
If the Transmit polarity in the center of the travel range is horizontal, use the following entries:
2 Horizontal Transmit Polarity
4 Vertical Transmit Polarity
5.7.
TRACK DISP
This parameter set the selections that the user will see in the Tracking - Band Selection menu. Band Selection must be
set to the appropriate selection for Tracking to operate properly.
Band selection controls the local logic output state of SW1 output terminal on the Terminal Mounting Strip PCB and
remote C/Ku relays (or other switches) on the antenna pedestal.
The factory default selections and SW1 status for your 9797B is listed in the following table:
Setting
Displayed band
selection
0000
C
X
KuLo
KuHi
ADE Band Select Parameters
(Tone, Voltage & Aux Status)
Tone OFF, Volt 13, Aux 0
Tone OFF, Volt 18, Aux 0
Tone OFF, Volt 13, Aux 1
Tone OFF, Volt 18, Aux 1
TMS SW1
Status
Open
Short
Open
Short
When the SW1 output is shorted to ground a current sink of 0.5 amps max is provided to control below
decks band selection tone generators or coax switches. When SW1 output is open it is a floating output.
5-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
5.8.
Setup
ACU Factory Default Parameter Settings – Series 97B & 00B Antennas
The following table shows the factory default parameters for the ACU interfaced to a Series 97B/00B Antenna. You
may need to optimize some of these parameters. Refer to the individual parameter setting information in the Setup
section of your ACU manual.
PARAMETER
C-Band
DishScan
Ku-Band
DishScan
EL TRIM
0
AZ TRIM
0
AUTO THRES
100
EL STEP SIZE
0
AZ STEP SIZE
0
STEP INTEGRAL
0
My Parameters
SEARCH INC
10
5
SEARCH LIMIT
200
100
SEARCH DELAY
30
SWEEP INC
SYSTEM TYPE
0040
TXRX=5 *
GYRO TYPE
2
POL TYPE
72
POL OFFSET
30
POL SCALE
90
AZ LIMIT 1
0
AZ LIMIT 2
0
EL LIMIT 12
90
AZ LIMIT 3
0
AZ LIMIT 4
0
EL LIMIT 34
90
AZ LIMIT 5
0
AZ LIMIT 6
0
EL LIMIT 56
90
5V OFFSET
0
5V SCALE
0
TRACK DISP
Refer to TRACK DISP parameter
TX POLARITY
2
* Modem Lock input & Modem TX Mute functions are NOT set; refer to SYSTEM TYPE
parameter information.
5-7
Setup
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
5-8
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
6.
Functional Testing
Functional Testing
If not already ON, Turn ON the Power switch on the front panel of the ACU.
6.1.
1.
2.
3.
6.2.
ACU / Antenna System Check
Press RESET on the ACU front panel to initialize the system. Verify the display shows "SEA TEL INC MASTER" and the ACU software version number. Wait 10 seconds for the display to change to "SEA TEL INC
- REMOTE" and the PCU software version number.
If the display shows "REMOTE INITIALIZING” wait for approximately 2 minutes for the antenna to complete
initialization and report the Antenna Model and PCU software version. If “REMOTE NOT RESPONDING" is
displayed, refer to the Troubleshooting Section of this manual.
Press the NEXT key repeatedly to display the Ship, Satellite, Antenna and Status menu displays. This
verifies that the displays change in the correct response to the keys.
Latitude/Longitude Auto-Update check
This verifies that the GPS position information is automatically updating..
1. Press the NEXT key repeatedly to display the Ship menu. Press ENTER to access edit mode and view the
current Latitude value.
2. Press the LEFT arrow key to bring the cursor up under the ones digit, press UP and then hit ENTER. The
display should immediately show a latitude value one degree higher, but then will be overwritten within
several seconds (back to the previous value) by the GPS engine.
This test does not need to be repeated in the Longitude menu.
6.3.
Ship Heading – Gyro Compass Following Check
This verifies that the Heading display is actually following the Ships Gyro Compass.
1. Press the NEXT key repeatedly to display the Ship menu. If the boat is underway, monitor the Heading
value to verify that the display changes in the correct response to the Gyro Compass input (Heading value
should always be exactly the same as the Gyro Compass repeater value).
2. If the ship is NOT underway, most ships will turn +/- 1-2 degrees at the pier, monitor the Heading value to
verify that the display changes in the correct response to the Gyro Compass input (Heading value should
always be exactly the same as the Gyro Compass repeater value).
6.4.
Azimuth & Elevation Drive
This verifies that the antenna moves in the correct response to the keys.
1. Press the NEXT key several times to display the Antenna menu.
2. Press the TRACK key to toggle Tracking OFF. Press the UP arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna
moves up in elevation.
3. Press the DOWN arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna moves down in elevation.
4. Press the RIGHT arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna moves up (CW) in azimuth.
5. Press the LEFT arrow key repeatedly and verify that the antenna moves down (CCW) in azimuth.
6.5.
Four Quadrant Tracking Test
This verifies that the antenna moves in the correct response to the keys, that Tracking is signaling correctly and that
the Tracking commands are being carried out (antenna drives to peak).
1. Verify antenna is locked onto and tracking a satellite
2. Press the NEXT key several times to display the Antenna menu.
3. Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the UP arrow key
repeatedly to move the antenna up in elevation until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON and
verify that the antenna moves back down in elevation and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
6-1
Functional Testing
4.
5.
6.
6.6.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the DOWN arrow
key repeatedly to move the antenna down in elevation until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON
and verify that the antenna moves back up in elevation and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the RIGHT arrow
key repeatedly to move the antenna up in azimuth until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON and
verify that the antenna moves back down in azimuth and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
Note the current peak AGC value. Press the Tracking key to toggle Tracking OFF, press the LEFT arrow key
repeatedly to move the antenna down in azimuth until AGC falls about 100 counts. Turn Tracking ON and
verify that the antenna moves back up in azimuth and that the AGC rises to its’ previous high value.
Blockage Simulation Test
Blockage output function is used to modify the behavior of Tracking and Searching when there is a known blockage
zone. The ACU provides a contact closure to ground on the SW2 terminal of the Terminal Mounting Strip when the
antenna is pointed within any one of the blockage/hazard zones or the system is searching, targeting, unwrapping or is
mis-pointed by 0.5 degrees or more (FCC TX Mute function for Transmit/Receive systems only). The contact closure
is a transistor switch with a current sinking capability of 0.5 Amp. This logic output control signal is used for:
•
When used as simple “BLOCKED” logic output for a single Sea Tel antenna, this output could be used to light a
remote LED and/or sound a buzzer to alert someone that the antenna is blocked, and signal is lost.
•
In a “Dual Antenna” installation, this logic output(s) is used to control Dual Antenna Arbitrator panel of coax
switches to switch the source inputs to the matrix switch from Antenna “A” to Antenna “B”, and vice versa.
•
When used as simple “RF Radiation Hazard” logic output for a single Sea Tel TX/RX antenna, this output
could be used to suppress RF transmissions while the antenna is pointed where people would be harmed by
the transmitted microwave RF power output. The SW2 output would be interfaced to the satellite modem to
disable the TX output signal from the Satellite TXRX Modem whenever the antenna is within the RF
Radiation Hazard zone(s).
•
When used for “FCC TX Mute” logic output for a single Sea Tel TX/RX antenna, this output could be used to
suppress RF transmissions whenever the antenna is mis-pointed 0.5 degrees or more, is blocked, searching,
targeting or unwrapping. The SW2 output would be interfaced to the satellite modem to disable/mute the
TX output signal from the Satellite TX/RX Modem. When the mute condition is due to antenna mis-pointing,
it will not un-mute until the pointing error of the antenna is within 0.2 degrees. The default output is
contact closure to ground when the antenna is mis-pointed, therefore provides a ground to “Mute” the
satellite modem on the SW2 terminal of the Terminal Mounting Strip. If your satellite modem requires an
open to “Mute”, refer to SYSTEM TYPE parameter 16 value to reverse the output logic from the ACU.
To Test the blockage function:
1. Press the NEXT key until you are at the Status menu. Press ENTER to access the Tracking menu.
2. Press the RIGHT arrow key to bring up and move the cursor to the far right. Press the UP arrow to simulate a
manual BLOCKED condition. BLOCKED will appear in the Tracking display.
3. Verify that SW2 terminal shorts to ground (or open circuit if you have SYSTEM TYPE configured to reverse
the output logic) and that the external alarms actuate OR the Dual Antenna Arbitrator coax switches toggle
(if antenna B is not blocked) OR the Satellite Modem TX is disabled/muted.
4. Press the LEFT arrow key and then press the UP arrow key to turn the simulated blocked condition OFF.
BLOCKED will disappear from the Tracking display.
5. Verify that SW2 terminal is open circuit (or ground if you have logic reversed) and that the external alarms
deactivate OR the Satellite Modem TX is un-muted. The Dual Antenna Arbitrator coax switches should not
toggle until you manually block Antenna B ACU.
6-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
7.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
This section describes the theory of operation to aid in troubleshooting and adjustments of the antenna system. Also refer to
the Troubleshooting section of your ACU manual for additional troubleshooting details.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exist inside the Antenna Pedestal
Breaker Box. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal Breaker Box.
WARNING: Electrical Hazard – Dangerous AC Voltages exists on the side of the Antenna
Pedestal Power Supply. Observe proper safety precautions when working inside the Pedestal
Power Supply.
7.1.
Warranty Information
Sea Tel Inc. supports its Series 00 systems with a ONE YEAR warranty on parts and labor.
What’s Covered by the Limited Warranty?
The Sea Tel Series 00 Limited Warranty is applicable for parts and labor coverage to the complete antenna system,
including all above-decks equipment (radome, pedestal, antenna, motors, electronics, wiring, etc.) and the Antenna
Control Unit (ACU).
What’s NOT Covered by the Limited Warranty?
It does not include Television sets, DBS/DTH receivers, multi-switches or other distribution equipment, whether or not
supplied by Sea Tel commonly used in TVRO Systems. Televisions, DBS/DTH receivers and accessories are covered by
the applicable warranties of the respective manufacturers.
It does not include Transmit & Receive RF Equipment, Modems, Multiplexers or other distribution equipment, whether
or not supplied by Sea Tel commonly used in Satellite Communications (TXRX) Systems. These equipments are
covered by the applicable warranties of the respective manufacturers.
Factory refurbished components used to replace systems parts under this warranty are covered by this same warranty
as the original equipment for the balance of the original warranty term, or ninety (90) days from the date of
replacement, whichever occurs last. Original Installation of the Series 00 system must be accomplished by or under
the supervision of an authorized Sea Tel dealer for the Sea Tel Limited Warranty to be valid and in force.
Should technical assistance be required to repair your system, the first contact should be to the agent/dealer you
purchased the equipment from.
Please refer to the complete warranty information included with your system.
7.2.
Recommended Preventive Maintenance
Ensure that all of the normal operating settings (LAT, LON, HDG, SAT and al of the Tracking Receiver settings) are set
correctly. Refer to the Functional Testing section to test the system.
7.2.1.
Check ACU Parameters
Assure that the parameters are set correctly (you may wish to record them in the Factory Default Settings, in
section 5 of this manual).
7.2.2.
Latitude/Longitude Auto-Update check
Refer to the Latitude & Longitude Update check procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7.2.3.
Heading Following
Refer to the Heading Following verification procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7-1
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.2.4.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Azimuth & Elevation Drive
Refer to the Azimuth & Elevation Drive check procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7.2.5.
Test Tracking
Refer to the four quadrant Tracking check procedure in the Functional Testing section of this manual.
7.2.6.
Visual Inspection - Radome & Pedestal
Conduct a good, thorough, visual inspection of the radome and antenna pedestal. Visually inspect the inside
surface of the radome top and of the antenna pedestal. Look for water or condensation, rust or corrosion,
white fiberglass powder residue, loose wiring connections, loose hardware, loose or broken belts or any other
signs of wear or damage.
1. Radome Inspection - All the radome flanges are properly sealed to prevent wind, saltwater spray
and rain from being able to enter the radome. Re-seal any open (“leaky”) areas with marine
approved silicone sealant. If heavy condensation, or standing water, is found inside the radome,
isolate and seal the leak, and then dry out the radome. Small (1/8 inch) holes may be drilled in the
base pan of the radome to allow standing water to “weep” out.
2. Antenna Pedestal Inspection - The shock/vibration springs and/or wire rope Isolators should not be
frayed, completely compressed, or otherwise damaged. The plated and painted parts should not be
rusted or corroded. The harnesses should not be frayed and all the connectors should be properly
fastened and tightened. All hardware should be tight (no loose assemblies or counter-weights).
Replace, re-coat, repair and/or tighten as necessary.
7.2.7.
Mechanical Checks
Turn the pedestal power supply OFF
1. Inspect inside of radome for signs that the dish or feed have been rubbing against the inside of the
fiberglass radome.
2. Rotate the pedestal through its full range of azimuth motion. The antenna should rotate freely and
easily with light finger pressure.
3. Rotate the pedestal through full range of elevation rotation. The antenna should rotate freely and
easily with light finger pressure.
4. Rotate the pedestal through full range of cross-level rotation. The antenna should rotate freely and
easily with light finger pressure.
5. Rotate the level cage through the full 90 degrees of rotation from CCW stop to CW stop. The level
cage antenna should rotate freely and easily with light finger pressure. Attached cables should not
cause the cage to spring back more that a few degrees from either stop when released.
6. Inspect all drive belts for wear (black dust on/under the area of the belt).
7. Inspect AZ Drive chain. IF chain is beginning to show signs of rust or corrosion, apply a light coat
of light duty oil to the chain. Wipe excess oil off to leave a light coating on the chain. DO NOT
over-lubricate.
7.2.8.
Check Balance
Check the balance of the antenna, re-balance as needed (refer to the Balancing the Antenna procedure
below).
7.2.9.
Observe Antenna Initialization
Observe the Antenna Initialization as described in the Troubleshooting section below.
7.3.
Troubleshooting
7.3.1.
Theory Of Stabilization Operation
The antenna system is mounted on a three axis stabilization assembly that provides free motion with 3
degrees of freedom. This assembly allows the inertia of the antenna system to hold the antenna pointed
motionless in inertial space while the ship rolls, pitches and yaws beneath the assembly. Three low friction
torque motors attached to each of the three free axes of the assembly provide the required force to
overcome the disturbing torque imposed on the antenna system by cable restraints, bearing friction and
7-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
small air currents within the radome. These motors are also used to re-position the antenna in azimuth and
elevation.
The Pedestal Control Unit (PCU) uses inputs from the level cage sensors to calculate the amount of torque
required in each axis to keep the antenna pointed within +/-0.2 degrees. The primary sensor input for each
loop is the rate sensor mounted in the Level Cage Assembly. This sensor reports all motion of the antenna to
the PCU. The PCU immediately responds by applying a torque in the opposite direction to the disturbance to
bring the antenna back to its desired position. Both the instantaneous output of the rate sensor (Velocity
Error) and the integrated output of the rate sensor (Position Error) are used to achieve the high pointing
accuracy specification.
The calculated torque commands are converted to a 5 volt differential analog signal by a Digital to Analog
converter (D/A) and sent to each of three Brush-Less Servo Amplifiers. These amplifiers provide the proper
drive polarities and commutation required to operate the Brush-Less DC Servo Motors in torque mode. The
Torque acting on the mass of the antenna cause it to move, restoring the rate sensors to their original
position, and closing the control loop.
Since the rate sensors only monitor motion and not absolute position, a second input is required in each axis
as a long term reference to keep the antenna from slowly drifting in position. The Level and Cross Level
reference is provided by a two axis tilt sensor in the level cage assembly. The Azimuth reference is provided
by combining the ships gyro compass input and the antenna relative position.
7.3.2.
Series 97B-21/00B-21 Dual C-Band OR Quad Ku-Band TVRO RF Flow
Refer to the System Block Diagram in the Drawings section of this manual. The feed has a 24VDC motor to
rotate the body of the OMT to optimize the linear polarization angle of the LNBs to the polarization angle of
the signal coming from the targeted satellite. The 24VDC motor is remotely controlled by the ACU (Manual
OR Auto-Polarization) through the PCU and Shielded Polang Relay Assy.
Two fixed frequency C-Band LNBs and one Quad Ku-Band LNBs are installed. Both C-Band polarizations (H &
V) are routed to J1 of the coax switches mounted on a C/Ku Switch Panel. Both Ku-Low Band polarizations
(H&V) are routed to J2 of the coax switches. The coax switches are controlled from the ACU MODE –
TRACKING Band Selection through the PCU and the Shielded Polang Relay Assy. The ACU band selection will
route either the C-Band, OR the Ku-Low Band, signals through two of the channels of the rotary joint. The
other two channels of the coax rotary joint are the (un-switched) Ku-High Band outputs of the Quad Ku LNB.
7.3.2.1. Channel 1 (White)
HORIZ C/Ku-low coax has +18 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus C-Band IF (9501450MHz) OR Ku-Band IF (950-1950MHz) “Band Selected” output from the C/Ku-low Switch.
Horizontal C/Ku-low band switched output passes through this channel of the 75 ohm coaxial rotary
joint, to the base of the radome, down the ADE-BDE coax to the C/Ku HORIZ LO input of the four
port Matrix Switch. The ACUs’ Tracking Receiver and each of the C or Ku-Band Satellite Receivers is
connected by coax cable to one of the available IF outputs of the Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of
this path is the accumulation of the coax cable losses from antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the
C/Ku Switch and the Matrix Switch.
7.3.2.2. Channel 2 (Blue)
VERT C/Ku-low coax has +13 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus C-Band IF (9501450MHz) OR Ku-Band IF (950-1950MHz) “Band Selected” output from the C/Ku-low Switch
AND Antenna Control RF (Pedestal TX at 1.1 & Base TX at 1.5 MHz) which is added onto this coax
by the Pedestal FSK Modem (connected to the PCU). Vertical C/Ku-low band switched output
passes through this channel of the 75 ohm coaxial rotary joint, to the base of the radome, down the
ADE-BDE coax to the Base FSK Modem (connected to the ACU) and then to the C/Ku VERT LO input
of the four port Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of this path is the accumulation of the coax cable
losses from antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the C/Ku Switch, Pedestal & Base Modems (1 dB
max loss each) and the Matrix Switch.
7.3.2.3. Channel 3 (Red)
HORIZ Ku-high coax has +18 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus Ku-Band IF (11002150MHz). Horizontal Ku-high band un-switched output passes through this channel of the 75 ohm
coaxial rotary joint, to the base of the radome, down the ADE-BDE coax to the Ku HORIZ HI input of
the four port Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of this path is the accumulation of the coax cable
losses from antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the Matrix Switch.
7-3
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
7.3.2.4. Channel 4 (Green)
VERT Ku-high coax has +13 VDC Voltage supplied by Matrix Switch plus Ku-Band IF (11002150MHz). Vertical Ku-high band un-switched output passes through this channel of the 75 ohm
coaxial rotary joint, to the base of the radome, down the ADE-BDE coax to the Ku VERT HI input of
the four port Matrix Switch. Total signal loss of this path is the accumulation of the coax cable
losses from antenna to receiver, plus the loss in the Matrix Switch.
7.3.3.
Antenna Initialization (Series 97B & Series 00 )
Turn the pedestal power supply ON. The brakes on the Elevation and Cross-Level motors will release.. Brake
release power supply control circuit supplies 24 VDC to the brakes initially (5-10 seconds) and then reduces
the voltage to 12VDC. The PCU will initialize the stabilized portion of the mass to be level with the horizon
and at a prescribed Azimuth and Elevation angles. The antenna will go through the specific sequence of
steps (listed below) to initialize the level cage, elevation, cross-level and azimuth to predetermined starting
positions.
Initialization is completed in the following phases, each phase must complete properly for the antenna to
operate properly (post-initialization). Observe the Initialization of the antenna pedestal.
Step 1. The level platform motor drives the Level Cage CW, issuing extra steps to assure that the
cage is all the way to the mechanical stop. Then the Level Cage will be driven exactly 45.0 degrees
CCW.
Step 2. Elevation axis then activates - Input from the LV axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive the
Elevation of the equipment frame to bring the tilt sensor LV axis to level. This step takes
approximately 10 seconds and will result in the dish being at 45.0 degrees in elevation. The level
cage may still be tilted left or right at this time.
Step 3. Cross-Level axis activates - Input from the CL axis of the tilt sensor is used to drive CrossLevel of the equipment frame to bring the cross-level axis of the tilt sensor to level (this results in
the tilt of the Cross-Level Beam being level). This step takes approximately 10 seconds.
Step 4. Azimuth axis activates - Antenna drives CW in azimuth until the “Home Flag” signal is
produced. This signal is produced by a Home Switch hitting a cam (or by a Hall Effect sensor in
close proximity to a Magnet). After another 10 second wait, the antenna will report its version
number at the Antenna Control Unit (ACU).
This completes the phases of initialization. At this time the antenna elevation should 45.0 degrees and
Relative azimuth should be at home flag (home switch engaged on the home flag cam).
If any of these steps fail, or the ACU reports model "xx97", re-configure the PCU as described in the this
chapter. If initialization still fails, this indicates a drive or sensor problem, refer to the Troubleshooting
section.
7.3.4.
Troubleshooting using DacRemP
While troubleshooting a Sea Tel 3-Axis Antenna System, you must classify the fault you are dealing with as a
failure within one of 3 major system functions, Targeting, Stabilization, and Tracking. Should there be a
failure with any one of these functions, your system will not operate properly. A few simple checks may help
determine which fault (if any) that you are dealing with. The matrix below lists some test(s) and which of the
DacRemP graph selection would be best to use to identify a fault. The end of this chapter contains examples
on how to use DacRemP to diagnose a fault.
Targeting: is the ability to accurately point the antenna to an angular position in free space and is
controlled by the ACU. (Does the system drive to the Azimuth, Elevation, and Polarity positions within 1
degree of the desired satellite?)
Stabilization: is the process of de-coupling the ships motion from the antenna and is controlled by the
PCU. (Does the system maintain the satellite link after turning off TRACKING?)
Tracking: is the process of issuing fine adjustments to the pointing angle of the antenna to optimize the
received signal level and is controlled by the ACU. (Does the system pass a four quadrant-tracking test?)
7-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Functional Test(s)
DacRemP Graph
Selection to use
System Function(s)
Four Quadrant Tracking.
ADMC (Position)
Tracking
Azimuth Encoder Verification.
ADMC (Position)
Targeting
Sea Trial
ADMC (Position)
Side Lobe Plots
ADMC (Position)
Targeting
Tracking
Stabilization
Tracking
Targeting Alignment (AZ & EL Trims)
ADMC (Position)
Targeting
Determine Blockage Mapping
ADMC (Position)
Tracking
Unwrap recovery (Limited Az systems only)
ADMC (Position)
Stabilization
Pedestal Gain Verification
DISPIVC (Loop Error)
Stabilization
Home switch (flag) verification (Unlimited Az
systems only)
DISPV (Ref)
Stabilization
Remote Tilt Verification
DISPV (Ref)
Level cage alignment Verification (sensor
alignment)
DISPV (Ref)
Targeting
Stabilization
Targeting
Stabilization
Rate Sensor Output Verification
DISPW (Rate)
Stabilization
Level and CL fine balance Verification
DISPTC (Drive)
Stabilization
AZ Friction Torque Test
DISPTC (Drive)
Stabilization
DishScan Drive/Phase
DishScan XY
Tracking
Stabilization
7.3.5.
Antenna Loop Error Monitoring
The DacRemP DISPIVC graph chart provides a means for monitoring the accumulated velocity errors of the
antenna for diagnostic purposes. If this error is excessive, it indicates external forces are acting on the
antenna. These forces may be the result of but not restricted to static imbalance, excessive bearing friction,
cable binding, or wind loading. If these forces cause the antenna to mis-point by more than 0.5° from the
desired position the PCU will flag a “Stab Limit” error.
•
To view the position error, select the
7-5
graph chart.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
•
This chart displays sensed axis errors via three traces, CL (Cross Level), LV (Elevation), and AZ
(Azimuth), at a fixed 0.05º/ vertical division.
•
The normal trace average will plots it’s display ± 3 divisions from the red reference line. Any trace
line average plotted above this is of concern and troubleshooting required. The example below
shows the forces exerted onto the antenna as a resultant of DishScan Drive. The example below
shows the results of various forces put upon antenna.
•
Cross-Level Axis physically moved CCW (down to the left.) and then CW (up to the right.)
Elevation Axis physically moved CW. (reflector slightly pushed up) and then physically moved CCW.
(reflector slightly pushed down.) At the end of chart recording shows
7-6
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
•
7.3.6.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
DishScan Drive turned Off, notice the lack of accumulated IVC errors.
Reference Sensor Monitoring
The DacRemP DISPV graph chart provides a means for monitoring the output of the 2 Axis Tilt Sensor and
the Home Switch sensor for diagnostic purposes. The Tilt sensor (located inside the Level Cage Assembly) is
the primary input for the antenna’s reference to the horizon (0° Elevation and 90° Cross-Level). While the
Home Switch Sensor (located at the antenna base) is used to calibrate the antenna’s position relative to the
vessels BOW.
•
To view the reference sensors, select the
•
This chart displays the output of the Tilt Sensor via two traces, CL (Cross Level), LV (Elevation) at a
fixed 1º/ vertical division, and the home flag logic level via a single trace, AZ (Azimuth).
•
The normal trace display for the Tilt Sensor, after performing remote tilt calibration, will be ± 4
divisions from the red reference line. Any trace line average plotted above this is of concern and
troubleshooting required. See below for a screen capture of an antenna that is Level in both the
Cross-Level and Elevation Axis.
•
The Cross Level Tilt display should plot on the red reference line when the level cage is level,
referenced to the horizon. It should decrease (plots below red line) when the antenna is tilted to
the left and increase (plots above red line) when tilted to the right. See below for a screen capture
of an abnormal CL trace Plot, it is an indication that the antenna that is either listed to the right
approx. 4 degrees or the PCU requires to much CL tilt bias.
•
The Level tilt display should plot on the red reference line when the level cage is level, referenced to
the horizon. It should decrease (plots below red line) when the antenna is tilted forward (EL down)
and increase (plots above red line) when tilted back (EL up).
7-7
graph chart.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
•
7.3.7.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
The Azimuth display for the Home Switch will normally display a logic level high (plots directly on
Red reference line after clicking on the
button) when the home flag is NOT engaged and
changing to a logic level low when engaged. See below for a screen capture of an antenna that was
driven so that the Home Flag switch is engaged.
Open Loop Rate Sensor Monitoring
The DacRemP DISPW graph chart provides a means for monitoring the output of the 3 solid state rate
sensors (located inside the Level Cage Assembly) for diagnostic purposes. The rate sensors are the primary
inputs to the PCU for stabilization.
•
To monitor the rate sensors, select the
•
This chart displays sensed output from the 3 rate sensors via three traces, CL (Cross Level), LV
(Elevation), and AZ (Azimuth), at a fixed 1º/Second/vertical division.
•
A normal trace display will be ± 1 divisions from the red reference line. The example shown below
shows an antenna that is NOT currently sensing motion in any axis.
•
The Cross Level display should decrease (plots below red line) as the antenna is tilted to the left and
increase (plots above red line) as the antenna tilted to the right.
•
The Level display should decrease (plots below red line) as the antenna is tilted forward and increase
(plots above red line) as the antenna is tilted back.
•
The Azimuth display should decrease (plots below red line) as the antenna is rotated CCW and
increase (plots above red line) as the antenna is rotated CW. In the example below, the output of
the Azimuth rate sensor is plotted above the reference line, indicating that the antenna was driven
CW in Azimuth. Due to the in-practicality of driving an axis at a consistent rate, verification of rate
7-8
graph chart
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
sensor output is, for the most part restricted to a positive or negative response of the Level Cage
movement (plotting above or below the red reference line of each axis).
7.3.8.
Open Loop Motor Test
The DacRemP Comm Diagnostics Window provides a means to enter in Remote Commands for driving
each individual torque motor to test that motors functionality. By driving each axis and observing the
resulting motion of the antenna, a coarse operational status of the motor and motor driver may be
established.
•
To manually drive the motors, select the “Comm Diagnostics” window under to the Tools
submenu or Press “CTRL + C”
•
Using the small field in the upper left hand corner of
the window, type in the remote command and verify
the motor appropriately drives in the direction
commanded.
•
To drive the Cross Level motor, key in ^1064, ^1128 or
^1192 and press ENTER to drive the Cross Level axis
LEFT, OFF or RIGHT respectively.
•
To drive the Level motor, key in ^2064, ^2128 or ^2192
and press ENTER to drive the level axis FORWARD,
OFF or BACKWARD respectively.
•
To drive the Azimuth motor, key in ^3064, ^3128 or
^3192 and press ENTER to drive the azimuth axis CW,
OFF or CCW.
7.3.9.
To Disable/Enable DishScan
To be able to use Step Track, or to revert to Conscan, as your active tracking mode you will have to disable
DishScan.
Select the DISHSCAN parameter window on the ACU:
1. Press the RIGHT arrow, then press the UP arrow and last press the ENTER key to turn DishScan mode
ON.
2. Press the RIGHT arrow, then press the DOWN arrow and last press the ENTER key to turn DishScan
Mode OFF.
If you change this remote parameter, you must save the change using REMOTE PARAMETERS.
If DishScan is OFF and the Step Integral parameter is set to 0000, you will get a constant ERROR 0016
(DishScan error) and you will see zeros flashing in the lower left of the Azimuth and Elevation ENTRY menu
displays. This is a visual indication that DishScan is turned OFF.
7-9
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
7.3.10. Satellite Reference Mode
The ships gyro compass input to the ACU may be accurate and stable in static conditions and yet may NOT
be accurate or stable enough in some underway dynamic conditions. If there is no gyro compass or if the
input is corrupt, not stable or not consistently accurate the tracking errors will become large enough to cause
the antenna to be mis-pointed off satellite.
Satellite Reference Mode will uncouple the gyro reference from the azimuth rate sensor control loop. This
decoupling of the Gyro source only happens 5 minutes after an azimuth command has been sent to the
antenna by means of an AZ target command, a search pattern initiated, or the a Satellites longitudinal
position is targeted. When operating in Satellite Reference Mode changes in ships gyro reading will reflect its
changes to the ACU’s display but will not directly affect the azimuth control loop. The Pedestal Control Unit
will stabilize the antenna based entirely on the azimuth rate sensor loop and the tracking information from
DishScan. This will keep the azimuth rate sensor position from eventually drifting away at a rate faster than
the tracking loop can correct by using the tracking errors to regulate the rate sensor bias.
Satellite Reference Mode can be used as a diagnostic mode to determine if tracking errors are caused by
faulty gyro inputs.
Satellite Reference Mode MUST be used when:
•
No Gyro Compass is available
•
Frequent or constant ACU Error Code 0001 (Gyro Compass has failed)
•
Gyro Compass output is NMEA heading
•
Flux Gate Compass is being used
• GPS Satellite Compass is being used
To view, or change, the Satellite Reference Mode status, select the SAT REF remote parameter:
1. Press the RIGHT arrow, then press the UP arrow and last press the ENTER key to turn Satellite
Reference Mode ON.
2. Press the RIGHT arrow, then press the DOWN arrow and last press the ENTER key to turn Satellite
Reference Mode OFF.
If you change this remote parameter, you must save the change using REMOTE PARAMETERS.
7.3.11. To Read/Decode an ACU Error Code 0008 (Pedestal Function Error):
An Error Code 8 as reported by the ACU is an indication that the above decks equipment has experienced an
error. One of the functions available within the “Comm Diagnostics” tool window provides the means to
read and decode the actual discreet Pedestal Function Error.
1.
Select the “Comm
Diagnostics” window
under to the Tools
submenu or Press “CTRL +
C”
7-10
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
2.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Left mouse click on the
icon.
3.
Right mouse click on the
icon.
This will display a list box with
the status of the above decks
pedestal filtered into 3
sections. Items preceded with
a check marks indicate a
flagged status. See matrix
below for further information
on each state.
7-11
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
State
Description
PCU Status (Word 1)
Slow Scan
Indicates antenna is in a specialized mode, Slow Scan, which is required when
ever a test requires driving the antenna >5°/sec
Sat Reference
Indicates that satellite reference mode is enabled.
DishScan
Indicates that DishScan Drive is enabled.
Unwrap
Indicates that the antenna is currently in an “Unwrap” state.
This is not a valid error for unlimited azimuth antenna systems
Data 3
Indicates active communication between above decks and below decks
equipment at the time of query
Data 2
Indicates active communication between above decks and below decks
equipment at the time of query
PCU Status (Word 2)
Az Target
Indicates the antenna is currently targeting a pre-determined azimuth position
Az Velocity
**Not a valid state**
Valid Heading (PCU)
Indicates that the PCU has received and integrated the heading value from the
ACU into the Azimuth Stabilization Loop. This is NOT an indication of a proper
Heading integration into ACU.
PCU Error
Indicates that one or more errors have been reported by the above decks
equipment.
PCU Init
Indicates that the above decks equipment is currently performing an
Initialization sequence
Hi Elevation
Indicates that the above decks equipment is operating an Elevation Position
higher than 83°
PCU Error Status (Word 3)
Sensor Limit
**Not a valid state**
Stability Limit
Indicates that the above decks equipment is mis-pointed from its intended
target by more than 0.5°. (FCC Tx Mute Compliance)
AZ Reference Error
Indicates a failure to integrate one the reference inputs within the Azimuth
Stabilization Loop.
AZ Servo Limit
Indicates the current draw through the Azimuth Servo Amplifier (motor driver
PCB) has exceeded what is required during normal operation
LV Servo Limit
Indicates the current draw through the Elevation Servo Amplifier (motor driver
PCB) has exceeded what is required during normal operation
CL Servo Limit
Indicates the current draw through the Cross-Level Servo Amplifier (motor
driver PCB) has exceeded what is required during normal operation
7.3.12. Remote GPS LAT/LON Position:
The above decks equipment has an integrated on board Furuno GPS antenna system. The Latitude and
Longitude position information provided are utilized to calculate the Azimuth, Elevation, Cross-level and
Polarity pointing angles of the desired satellite. The DacRemP “Comm Diagnostics” Window provides a
means to query the GPS antenna to verify proper operation. The procedure below describes this process.
7-12
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
1.
Select the “Comm
Diagnostics” window
under to the Tools
submenu or Press “CTRL +
C”
2.
Left mouse click on the
icon.
3.
Left Mouse click on the
“[email protected] PCU GPS position, 1
min (1 Nm)”
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7-13
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
4.
In the “Response” window
verify proper GPS position
to within 1 nautical mile
of your current position.
The Latitude & Longitude position
of the GPS will be displayed in the
following format:
“@ LAT,N,LON,E,A”
Where LAT and LON are in degrees
and minutes, LAT will be followed
by N or S (North or South), LON will
be followed by E or W (East or
West), then a status character and
finally a checksum character.
Furuno default value is in Japan at
34.4N 135.2E
(@3444,N,13521,E,,_).
After acquiring a good fix at Sea
Tel the string is
@3800,N,12202,W,A^
for our 38N 122W Latitude and
Longitude position.
The status character tells you the
status of the GPS.
“,” (Comma) = GPS has NOT
acquired a proper fix,
“N” = GPS fix is NOT valid
“A” = GPS has acquired a valid fix.
7.4.
Maintenance
7.4.1.
Balancing the Antenna
The antenna and equipment frame are balanced at the factory however, after disassembly for shipping or
maintenance, balance adjustment may be necessary. The elevation and cross-level motors have a brake
mechanism built into them, therefore, power must be ON to release the brakes and DishScan and antenna
drive must be OFF to balance the antenna. . Do NOT remove any of the drive belts. Balancing is
accomplished by adding or removing balance trim weights at strategic locations to keep the antenna from
falling forward/backward or side to side. The antenna system is not pendulous so 'balanced' is defined as the
antenna remaining at rest when left in any position.
The “REMOTE BALANCE” parameter (located at the end of the Remote Parameters after REMOTE TILT) of the
ACU. When enabled, Remote Balance Mode temporarily turns DishScan, Azimuth, Elevation and Cross-Level
drive OFF. This function is required when trying to balance antenna systems that have a built-in brakes on
the elevation and cross-level motors.
Assure that Antenna power is ON and that the antenna has completed initialization.
At the ACU:
1. From the ACU - REMOTE BALANCE parameter: Enable balance mode (refer to your ACU manual).
The screen should now display “REMOTE BALANCE ON”.
At the Antenna:
2. At the Antenna: Balance the antenna with the elevation near horizon (referred to as front to back
balance) by adding, or subtracting, small counter-weights.
7-14
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.4.2.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Then balance Cross Level axis (referred to as left-right balance) by moving existing counterweights from the left to the right or from the right to the left. Always move weight from
one location on the equipment frame to the same location on the opposite side of the equipment
frame (ie from the top left of the reflector mounting frame to the top right of the reflector
mounting frame). Do NOT add counter-weight during this step.
Last, balance the antenna with the elevation pointed at, or near, zenith (referred to as top to bottom
balance) by moving existing counter-weights from the top to the bottom or from the
bottom to the top. Always move weight from one location on the equipment frame to the same
location on the opposite side of the equipment frame (ie from the top left of the reflector
mounting frame to the bottom left of the reflector mounting frame). Do NOT add counter-weight
during this step.
When completed, the antenna will stay at any position it is pointed in for at least 5 minutes (with no
ship motion).
Do NOT cycle antenna power to re-Initialize the antenna. Return to the ACU, which is still in
REMOTE BALANCE mode, and press ENTER to exit Remote Balance Mode. When you exit Balance
Mode the antenna will be re-initialized, which turns DishScan, Azimuth, Elevation and Cross-Level
drive ON.
To Adjust Tilt:
A REMOTE TILT calibration is required to align the level cage assembly correctly so that all sensors will be
aligned accurately to the axis they relate to. The fluid filled tilt sensor provides a two dimensional horizon
reference. The system is not able to automatically calculate the exact center value, therefore it is necessary
to perform this procedure to manually enter any offset required to make sure the PCU receives a true
reference to the horizon. The procedures below describes the process of performing this calibration from
either the ACU front panel or DacRemP diagnostic software by connecting the ACU’s RS-422 M&C Port to an
available serial port on a Laptop/Desktop computer using a standard 9 pin serial cable.
Step 1 Turn Off DishScan Drive.
Using the DAC2202 ACU Front Panel:
1. Go to Remote Command window by pressing and holding the two LEFT & RIGHT arrows
2.
3.
4.
until the EL TRIM parameter is displayed.
Press and release both Left & Right arrow keys again. The “SAVE NEW PARAMETERS”
window should now be displayed.
Press either the
ENTER key or the
TG” parameter is displayed.
Press the
DOWN key until the “REMOTE DishScan
“RIGHT arrow to activate selection, then press the
Up arrow to toggle
ENTER key (Note: You will see that an error code 16 is
state to OFF. Press the
generated when DishScan movement is off.)
Using DacRemP:
1.
Click on the
icon in the Comm Diagnostics window. (Verify that DishScan
is turned off by clicking the Error LED on main display panel, there should be a check mark
next to Conscan/DishScan)
(Steps 2-7 will require assistance to observe and operate antenna simultaneously)
Step 2: At Antenna, If not already installed, place a circular level bubble on top lid of level cage.
Step 3: On the ACU front Panel, press either the
the REMOTE TILT window is displayed
ENTER key or the
DOWN arrow key until
Step 4: Push the
RIGHT arrow key to activate the Remote Tilt Mode.
Step 5: Based on the feedback from the technician observing the circular bubble, the technician which
operating the ACU will need to use the arrow keys to rotate the stabilized antenna mass from front to
7-15
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
back and left to right. You should wait at least 10 seconds between commands to allow time for sensor
to settle.
Left arrow will rotate antenna mass down to the left in the Cross-Level axis ½ degree
Right arrow will rotate antenna mass up to the right in the Cross-Level axis ½ degree
Up arrow will rotate antenna mass up in the Level axis ½ degree
Down arrow will rotate antenna mass down in the Level axis ½ degree
When correct the Bubble should be as close to the center of the fluid as possible.
Step 6: Press
ENTER key to exit Remote Tilt Mode.
Step 7: Verify Tilt Bias entered is within specifications.
From antenna:
2. Observe the bubble for approximately 3-5 minutes to ensure it remains centered.
Using DacRemP:
3.
4.
Select the
reference sensor graph.
Verify the CL and LV displays are steady and within 4 divisions of nominal. (Anything more
than 4 divisions above or below red reference line should be of concern and
troubleshooting is required)
Step 8: Save Level and Cross-Level Tilt Bias values.
Using the DAC2202 ACU Front Panel:
5.
Press
DOWN arrow or enter until you see “REMOTE PARAMETERS” window is
displayed
6.
RIGHT arrow and then press
Press
saying ‘SAVED’)
ENTER key (you will see a confirmation
Using DacRemP:
7.
Click
icon on the Remote Command window. (Verify ^0087 is displayed in
the “Last Sent Command” window)
This saves the new tilt bias settings in the PCU. Reset or re-initialize the antenna to verify that the Level cage
is properly level with the new settings.
7.4.3.
To Reset/Reinitialize the Antenna:
Pressing Reset on the ACU front panel does NOT cause a reset of the above decks equipment. To Re-initialize
the antenna from the REMOTE COMMAND window on the ACU:
1. Using the LEFT/RIGHT and UP/DOWN arrow keys set the Remote Command value to "^0090"
and press ENTER.
This resets the PCU on the antenna. The antenna will reinitialize with this command (Performs a similar
function as a power reset of the antenna).
7-16
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
7.5.
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Pedestal Control Unit Configuration (xx97B & xx00)
The PCU is designed to be used with a variety of antenna pedestal configurations. The configuration information that
is unique to each pedestal type is stored in a Non Volatile Random Access Memory (NVRAM) in the PCU enclosure. If
the PCU is replaced or the NVRAM in the PCU should become corrupt, the PCU must be re-configured to operate with
the pedestal it is installed on. The default configuration for the PCU is model xx97B. In this configuration the PCU will
not drive any of the three torque motors to prevent damage to the unknown pedestal.
To configure the PCU, select the REMOTE COMMAND window on the DAC-2202. Refer to the table below to key in
the appropriate value for you model antenna.
7.5.1.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
7.5.2.
To configure the PCU;
Select the REMOTE COMMAND window on the ACU.
Refer to the table below to key in the appropriate value for you model antenna to enter in the next
step. EXAMPLE: For a 9797B Model Antenna is system type 0211.
Using the LEFT/RIGHT and UP/DOWN arrow keys set the Remote Command value to "N0211"
and press ENTER. The display should now show "N0211".
Press ENTER several times to select REMOTE PARAMETERS. Press LEFT arrow and then ENTER
to save the system type in the PCU.
Press RESET and the displayed Remote Version Number should now display "9797B VER 2.0x".
MODEL CONFIGURATION NUMBERS
The following table shows the current mode configuration values for Series 97B pedestals with 97/07 VER
2.10 or greater PCU software.
MODEL
Configuration Number
xx97B
N 0000
8897B
9497B
12097B
14400B
8797B
9697B
9797B
14600B
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
N
0205
0206
0207
0208
0209
0210
0211
0212
7-17
Turns off all drive motors
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
7.6.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Antenna Stowing Procedure
WARNING: Antenna Pedestal must be properly restrained (stowed) to
prevent damage to wire rope isolators, isolator springs and/or antenna pedestal
mechanism during underway conditions when power is removed from the
antenna assembly.
The normal operating condition for the Sea Tel Antenna system is to remain powered up at all times. This ensures
that the antenna remains actively stabilized to prevent physical damage to the antenna pedestal and reduce
condensation and moisture in the radome to prevent corrosion. If, for some reason, the antenna must be powered
down during underway transits, it should be secured with nylon straps regardless of sea conditions to prevent damage
to the antenna system. Refer to the procedure below to secure the antenna pedestal.
Equipment & Hardware needed:
•
Two (2) ½-13 x 2-inch Stainless Steel bolts.
•
Two (2) Nylon straps with ratchet mechanism. Nylon straps must be rated to 300 lbs. Working load
capacity and 900 lbs. Max rated capacity.
Stowing procedure:
1.
Point the antenna to Zenith, (90 degree elevation angle),
straight up.
2. Install one (1) ½-13 x 2-inch bolt into the inside of each
elevation beam as shown in Figure 1.
7-18
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
3. Hook one end hook of the nylon strap to bolt in elevation
beam as shown in Figure 2.
4. Hook the other end hook of the nylon strap to the pedestalmounting frame as shown in Figure 3.
5.
Use the ratchet of the strap to tighten nylon straps. As the
straps are tightened, observe the vertical isolation canister
assembly as shown in Figure 4.
6. Tighten straps until the canister has been pulled down
approx. ¼ to ½ inch. Do not over-tighten. You must leave
approximately 1/8 inch clearance between the rubber stops
and the azimuth driven sprocket to allow the vertical
vibration isolation to function properly.
NOTE: Remove both the straps and the bolts before applying power and returning the antenna
to normal operating condition.
7-19
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
7-20
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
8.
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
The technical specifications for your Series Above Decks Equipment subsystems are listed below: Refer to your ACU manual for
its’ Specifications.
8.1.
9497 Antenna Reflector
Type
Diameter (D)
Focal Length
f/D
Weight (bare)
RX Gain:
RX Gain:
8.2.
Hydro Formed Aluminum Parabola
2.4 Meter (94 inches)
0.92 Meter (35.4 inches)
0.375 inch
26 kg (57 pounds)
39.5 dB at 4.2 GHz
47.5 dB at 12.5 GHz
Feed Assemblies
8.2.1.
TVRO-21 Dual C-Band / Quad Ku-Band Feed Assembly
Type:
Receive frequency:
C-Band LNB
RF Frequencies:
IF Frequencies:
LO Frequency
Noise Figure
Quad Ku-Band LNB Assembly
Type:
LNB Manufacturer:
RF Frequencies:
IF Frequencies:
LO Frequencies:
Noise Figure:
Polarization modes:
Band Selection:
Polarization:
Polang control:
C/Ku Band Select:
Prime focus
3.7-4.2 GHz C Band
10.7-11.7 GHz Ku Low Band
11.7-12.75 GHz Ku High Band
3.7-4.2 GHz
950-1450 MHz
5.15 GHz
15 deg C, typical
Quad output
Brainwave, but may vary
Low Band
High Band
10.7 - 11.7 GHz 11.7 - 12.75 GHz
950 - 1950 MHz 1100 - 2150 MHz
9.75 GHz
10.6 GHz
0.7 dB typical
2 Horiz., 2 Vert. Outputs
2 Hi, 2 Lo band outputs
Linear, Simultaneous Dual Polarity C-Band (Horizontal & Vertical) or
Dual Band-Dual Polarity Ku-Band (Horizontal & Vertical High band
AND Horizontal & Vertical Low band)
24 volt DC motor with position feedback for Linear Mode
24 volt RF Relay Switching (See Band Select Panel)
8-1
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
8.3.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Stabilized Antenna Pedestal Assembly
Type:
Stabilization:
Stab Accuracy:
LV & CL motors:
AZ motor:
Inertial Reference:
Gravity Reference:
AZ transducer:
Range of Motion:
Elevation
Cross Level
Azimuth
Polarization
Elevation Pointing:
Three-axis (Level, Cross Level and Azimuth)
Torque Mode Servo
0.3 degrees MAX, 0.15 degrees RMS in presence of specified ship
motions (see below).
Size 34 Brushless DC Servo motor with integrated brake.
Size 34 Brushless DC Servo motor with integrated encoder .
Solid State Rate Sensors
Two Axis Fluid Tilt Sensor
256 line optical encoder (integrated in AZ motor) / home switch
-15 to +110 degrees
+/- 25 degrees
Unlimited
+/- 90 degrees
0 to +90 degrees (with 15 degree Roll)
+5 to +90 degrees (with 20 degree Roll)
+10 to +85 degrees (with 25 degree Roll)
Relative Azimuth Pointing
Unlimited
Specified Ship Motions (for stabilization accuracy tests):
Roll:
+/-15 degrees at 8-12 sec periods
Pitch:
+/-10 degrees at 6-12 sec periods
Yaw:
+/-8 degrees at 15 to 20 sec periods
Turning rate:
Up to 12 deg/sec and 15 deg/sec/sec
Headway:
Up to 50 knots
Mounting height:
Up to 150 feet.
Heave
0.5G
Surge
0.2G
Sway
0.2G
Maximum ship motion:
Roll
+/- 25 degrees (Roll only)
+/- 20 degrees (combined with Pitch)
Pitch
+/- 15 degrees
Yaw Rate
12 deg/sec, 15 deg/sec/sec
8.4.
Pedestal Control Unit (PCU)
The PCU Assembly contains 1 Printed Circuit Board (PCB). It is the main control board.
Connectors
Antenna Pedestal
44 Pin D-Sub connector
M&C Interface
15 Pin D-Sub connector
GPS Input
BNC connector
Controls
None
M&C Interface
9600 Baud RS-422
8-2
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
8.5.
Unlimited Azimuth Modems (3 Channel)
Combined Signals
Connectors:
TX / RX IF
Rotary Joint
TVRO option
DC / Ped M&C
8.6.
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
950-3000 MHz Ku-Band RX IF (less if not stacked), 3.7-4.2 GHz CBand RX RF, 1.1/1.5, or 0.7/1.9, MHz FSK Pedestal M&C
SMA Connector
SMA Connector
Type F
9 pin D-Sub Connector
144” Radome Assembly
Type
Material
Size
Base Hatch size
Side Door
Number of panels
Rigid dome
Composite foam/fiberglass
144" Diameter x 142" High
18" high x 34" wide
18” wide x 36” high
Twelve panels (6 upper & 6 lower panels), one top cap and one base
pan
Installed height:
164" including base frame if mounted with standard Legs, 148” if
Flush-mounted
Installed weight
MAX 1800 LBS (including Antenna Pedestal Assembly)
RF attenuation
1.5 dB @ 6 GHz, dry
1.5 dB @ 12 GHz, dry
1.5 dB @ 14 GHz, dry
Wind:
Withstand relative average winds up to 100 MPH from any
direction.
Ingress Protection Rating
All Sea Tel radomes have an IP rating of 56
NOTE: Radome panels can absorb up to 50% moisture by weight. Soaked panels will also have
higher attenuation.
8.7.
Environmental Conditions (ADE)
Temperature:
Humidity:
Spray:
Icing:
Rain:
Wind:
Vibration:
Frequency Range, Hz
4 - 10
10 - 15
15 - 25
25 - 33
Corrosion
-20 degrees C to 55 degrees C.
Up to l00% @ 40 degrees C, Non-condensing.
Resistant to water penetration sprayed from any direction.
Survive ice loads of 4.5 pounds per square foot. Degraded RF
performance will occur under icing conditions.
Up to 4 inches per hour. Degraded RF performance may occur
when the radome surface is wet.
Withstand relative average winds up to 100 MPH from any
direction.
Withstand externally imposed vibrations in all 3 axes, having
displacement amplitudes as follows:
Peak Single Amplitude
0.100 inches (0.1G to 1.0G)
0.030 inches (0.3G to 0.7G)
0.016 inches (0.4G to 1.0G)
0.009 inches (0.6G to 1.0G)
Parts are corrosion resistant or are treated to endure effects of salt
air and salt spray. The equipment is specifically designed and
manufactured for marine use.
8-3
9497B-21 Technical Specifications
8.8.
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
Cables
8.8.1.
Antenna Control Cable (Provided from ACU-MUX)
RS-422 Pedestal Interface
Type
Number of wires
Wire Gauge
Communications Parameters:
Interface Protocol:
Interface Connector:
8.8.2.
Shielded Twisted Pairs
24 AWG or larger
9600 Baud, 8 bits, No parity
RS-422
DE-9P
Antenna L-Band TVRO IF Coax Cables (Customer Furnished)
2, 4 or 6 cables are required dependant upon which feed/LNB configuration your antenna is fitted with.
Due to the dB losses across the length of the RF coaxes at L-Band, Sea Tel recommends the following 75
ohm coax cable types (and their equivalent conductor size) for our standard pedestal installations:
Run Length
Coax Type
Conductor Size
up to 75 ft
LMR-300-75
18 AWG
up to 150 ft
RG-11 or LMR-400-75
14 AWG
up to 200 ft
LDF4-75 Heliax
10 AWG
Up to 300 ft
LMR-600-75
6 AWG
For runs longer that 300 feet, Sea Tel recommends Single-mode Fiber Optic Cables with Fiber Optic
converters.
8.8.3.
AC Power Cable (Pedestal & Rf Equipment)
Voltage:
Pedestal Power:
RF Equipment Power:
8.8.4.
Gyro Compass Interface Cable (Customer Furnished)
Type:
Number of wires
Wire Gauge:
Insulation:
8.8.5.
110 or 220 volts AC (220 VAC Recommended)
100 VA MAX
1500 VA MAX
Multi-conductor, Shielded
4 Conductors for Step-By-Step Gyro, 5 Conductors for Synchro
see Multi-conductor Cables spec above
600 VAC
Fiber Optic Transmitter (CFE Optional)
Model:
Frequency Range:
Noise Figure:
Impedance:
Connectors:
RF
Fiber
Ortel Model 3112A
950-2050 MHz
45 dB
75 ohm
Type F
FC/APC "Tight Fit”
8-4
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
9.
Model 9497B-21 Drawings
Model 9497B-21 Drawings
The drawings listed below are provided as apart of this manual for use as a diagnostic reference. Spare Parts kits listings are
provided as part number reference for replaceable parts and common assemblies.
9.1.
Model 9497B-21 Specific Drawings
Drawing
Title
128262-1_A
128275-2_A
128265-1_A
128277_A1
128269-1_A
125425-1_B
111365-17_N1
123723-1_B1
123908_B1
9.2.
Drawing
128545-1_A
128546-1_A
128547-1_A
126374_A
128303-1_A
System, Model 9497B-21
System Block Diagram – Model 9497B-21
General Assembly – Model 9497B-21
Antenna System Schematic – Model 9497B-21
Antenna Assembly, 2.4M, Dual C/Quad Ku
Feed Assembly, Dual C/Quad Ku
144” Radome Assembly
Radome Base Frame Assembly
Installation Arrangement
9-3
9-5
9-8
9-10
9-11
9-13
9-15
9-17
9-19
Series 97A & 00 General Drawings
Title
Belt Kit, xx97B/xx00B
Motor Kit, xx97B/xx00B
Comprehensive Spare Parts Kit, xx97B/xx00B
Pedestal Harness Schematic Model xx97B/xx00B
Base MUX Rack Panel Assembly
9-1
9-21
9-22
9-23
9-24
9-25
Model 9497B-21 Drawings
9497B-21 C/Ku-Band TVRO
This Page Intentionally Left Blank
9-2
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
128265-1
A
GENERAL ASS'Y, 9497B-21, TVRO
2
1
EA
111365-17
N1
RADOME ASS'Y, 144 INCH, WHITE/SIDE A
3
1
EA
123723-1
B1
RADOME BASE ASS'Y, 75 IN., STL, NO AC,
4
1
EA
128269-1
A
ANTENNA ASS'Y, 9497B-21 TVRO
5
1
EA
125411-2
G
DAC-2202, DVB RCVR, 9 WIRE IF
(NOT SHOWN)
6
1
EA
128279-1
X1
BELOW DECK KIT, 4CH, TVRO
(NOT SHOWN)
11
1
EA
128188-2
CUSTOMER DOC PACKET, 9497B-21, TVR
(NOT SHOWN)
12
1
EA
122539-1
B
SHIP STOWAGE KIT, XX97
(NOT SHOWN)
13
1
EA
114569
D
BALANCE WEIGHT KIT
(NOT SHOWN)
14
1
EA
124877-1
A
DECAL KIT, XX97, SEATEL (126 IN/144 IN R (NOT SHOWN)
SYSTEM, 9497B-21, TVRO
PROD FAMILY
97 TVRO
EFF. DATE
02-Sep-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
128262-1
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
128262-1
X1
SYSTEM, 9497B-21, TVRO
2
1
EA
111365-17
N1
RADOME ASS'Y, 144 INCH, WHITE/SIDE A
3
1
EA
128269-1
X1
ANTENNA ASS'Y, 9497B-21 TVRO
4
1
EA
125425-1
B
FEED ASS'Y, DUAL C/QUAD KU, DISHSCA
5
1
EA
122386
D
FILTERED LNB ASS'Y, QUAD, XX98, XX04
6
2
EA
114540
B1
LNB, C-BAND
20
1
EA
117168-1
N
MODEM ASS'Y, PEDESTAL, 3 CH, 75 OHM
21
1
EA
115708-3
H3
CIRCUIT BREAKER BOX ASS'Y, 97 220V
22
1
EA
125570-4
E
POWER SUPPLY ASS'Y, COSEL 150W, RH
23
1
EA
127513-1
B
PCU ASS'Y, XX97B, STD
24
1
EA
116024-3
J2
SHIELDED POLANG RELAY ASS'Y
25
3
EA
116000-1
J1
SERVO AMPLIFIER ASS'Y
26
1
EA
122208-1
J
LEVEL CAGE ASS'Y, 90 DEG EL RANGE, IN
27
1
EA
121966-6
D1
28
1
EA
116034
30
1
EA
121425-3
D3
HARNESS ASS'Y, INTERFACE, 4006
31
1
EA
126375-3
X2
HARNESS ASS'Y, PEDESTAL
32
1
EA
123331-3
B3
HARNESS ASS'Y, REFLECTOR
33
1
EA
125726-3
A3
HARNESS ASS'Y, BRAKE, 56 IN, XX07
40
1
EA
127940-2
A
POWER RING ASS'Y, 22 IN, 96 IN. CONTAC
41
1
EA
124288-96
F
CABLE ASS'Y, AC POWER, 96 IN
50
7
EA
114178
O
ADAPTER, F(F)-F(F) (BULLET), 1.0 IN L
51
1
EA
127968-1
A1
ROTARY JOINT, 4RF-2DC
52
1
EA
128204-1
X3
RF SWITCH ASSEMBLY
60
1
EA
128254-14
X2
HARNESS ASS'Y, 6 CH, RG-6, F(M) TO F(M)
61
1
EA
117164-24WHT
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F, 24 IN
62
1
EA
117164-24BLU
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F, 24 IN
63
1
EA
128385-60BLU
X1
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179, COAX, SMA (RA) T
64
1
EA
127963-60GRN
A
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F(RA), 6
F
GPS ANTENNA, RETERMINATED, 32.0 L
HOME SWITCH ASS'Y, SHIELDED
SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM, 9497B-21, 4 CH
PROD FAMILY
LIT
EFF. DATE
03-Jul-08
SHT 1 OF 2
DRAWING NUMBER
128275-2
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
65
1
EA
127963-60WHT
A
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F(RA), 6
66
1
EA
127963-60RED
A
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F TO F(RA), 6
100
1
EA
125411-2
F1
DAC-2202, DVB RCVR, 9 WIRE IF
101
1
EA
128279-1
X1
BELOW DECK KIT, 4CH, TVRO
102
1
EA
128303-1
A
BASE MODEM RACK PANEL ASS'Y, 4CH T
103
1
EA
116676
B2
TERMINAL MOUNTING STRIP ASS'Y, ACU
105
1
EA
117168-2
N
MODEM ASS'Y, BASE, 3 CH, 75 OHM
110
1
EA
120643-25
A
CABLE ASS'Y, RS232, 9-WIRE, STRAIGHT,
111
1
EA
116298-1
F4
HARNESS ASS'Y, ACU TO MUX
112
1
EA
119479-10
B
CABLE ASS'Y, CAT5 JUMPER, 10 FT.
116
1
EA
128001-8BLU
117
1
EA
128253-6
X2
HARNESS ASS'Y, 4 CH, RG-59, F(M) TO F(
118
1
EA
111115-6
B
CABLE ASS'Y, F(M)-F(M), 6 FT.
120
4
EA
114178
O
ADAPTER, F(F)-F(F) (BULLET), 1.0 IN L
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F(M) TO SMA
SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM, 9497B-21, 4 CH
PROD FAMILY
LIT
EFF. DATE
03-Jul-08
SHT 2 OF 2
DRAWING NUMBER
128275-2
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
128286-1
X1
PEDESTAL ASS'Y, 94/96/99 FOR 97B
2
1
EA
128515-2
X1
POWER ASS'Y, 220V, 45 IN. SHROUD
3
1
EA
128267-1
A
ELECT. EQ. FRAME, XX97B-21, TVRO
9
1
EA
121655-1
C1
10
1
EA
123530-2
B
LABELS INSTALLATION
GROUND BONDING KIT, XX97
(NOT SHOWN)
GENERAL ASS'Y, 9497B-21, TVRO
PROD FAMILY
97 TVRO
EFF. DATE
02-Sep-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
128265-1
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
110174-3
REFLECTOR, 2.4M, CUSTOM BACKFRAME
2
4
EA
115446-2
P2
FEED STRUT ASS'Y, 45.00 IN
3
1
EA
125425-1
B
FEED ASS'Y, DUAL C/QUAD KU, DISHSCA
5
4
EA
126433-2
A
BLOCK, REFLECTOR MOUNTING
6
1
EA
123331-1
B3
HARNESS ASS'Y, REFLECTOR
7
1
EA
128254-14
X2
HARNESS ASS'Y, 6 CH, RG-6, F(M) TO F(M) (NOT SHOWN)
8
10
EA
119801-019
B
CABLE TIE, NYLON, 7.5 IN, NATURAL
51
4
EA
114586-541
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-1/2, S.S.
52
4
EA
114586-542
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-3/4, S.S.
53
4
EA
114583-029
NUT, HEX, 1/4-20, S.S.
54
12
EA
114580-029
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, S.S.
60
8
EA
114586-627
SCREW, HEX HD, 3/8-16 x 1-3/4, S.S.
61
16
EA
114580-031
62
8
EA
114583-031
A
(NOT SHOWN)
(NOT SHOWN)
WASHER, FLAT, 3/8, S.S.
NUT, HEX, 3/8-16, S.S.
ANTENNA ASS'Y, 9497B-21 TVRO
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
02-Sep-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
128269-1
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
B
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
116286-5
OMT, DUAL BAND, 4-PORT
2
2
EA
110256-2
3
2
EA
114540
B1
LNB, C-BAND
4
1
EA
123648-1
C
SCALAR PLATE ASS'Y, C/KU-BAND, RX ON
5
1
EA
122386
D
FILTERED LNB ASS'Y, QUAD, XX98, XX04
6
1
EA
113648-1
J
FEED ADAPTER PLATE
9
1
EA
111576-2
E
BRACKET, FEED COUNTERWEIGHT, 16 IN
10
2
EA
112573-2
B
WEIGHT, TRIM, 1/2 x 2.75 x 3, 1.17 LBS
12
2
EA
114586-542
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-3/4, S.S.
13
3
EA
114586-556
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 7/8, S.S.
15
4
EA
114580-029
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, S.S.
16
37
EA
114581-029
WASHER, LOCK, 1/4, S.S
17
38
EA
114583-029
NUT, HEX, 1/4-20, S.S.
18
4
EA
114576-146
SCREW, FLAT HD, PHIL, 6-32 x 3/8 S.S.
19
3
EA
114590-189
SCREW, SOCKET SET-CUP, 8-32 x 3/16, S.
20
39
EA
114586-538
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1, S.S.
30
1
EA
116686
33
33
EA
114580-027
WAVEGUIDE FILTER, WR-229, 3.7-4.2GHz
O
STOP, MECHANICAL
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, SMALL PATTERN, S.S
FEED ASS'Y, DUAL C/QUAD KU, DISHSCAN
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
02-Sep-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
125425-1
REV
B
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
12
EA
117762-1
B
SILICONE ADHESIVE, WHT RTV 122, 10.1
NOT SHOWN
1
EA
110327
M
HARDWARE KIT, 144 INCH RADOME
NOT SHOWN
1
1
EA
109119-17
F2
RADOME FAB ASS'Y, 144 INCH, WHITE/SID
9
3
EA
124903-1
B1
STRAIN RELIEF ASS'Y
11
0
EA
114586-538
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1, S.S.
INCLUDED IN HARDWARE KIT
12
0
EA
114586-541
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-1/2, S.S.
INCLUDED IN HARDWARE KIT
14
0
EA
114625-107
WASHER, FENDER, 1/4, (1 IN OD), S.S.
INCLUDED IN HARDWARE KIT
17
0
EA
114583-029
NUT, HEX, 1/4-20, S.S.
INCLUDED IN HARDWARE KIT
28
1
EA
109783-2
WRENCH, L
RADOME ASS'Y, 144 INCH, WHITE/SIDE ACCESS
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
02-Sep-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
111365-17
REV
N1
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
123724-1
B
RADOME BASE FRAME ASS'Y, 75 IN, STEE
2
1
EA
123726-1
B1
RADOME BASE PAN FAB, WHITE
3
1
EA
123728-2
A
RADOME PAN ACCESS ASS'Y, WHITE
50
6
EA
114586-540
SCREW, HEX HD, 1/4-20 x 1-1/4, S.S.
52
12
EA
114580-029
WASHER, FLAT, 1/4, S.S.
53
6
EA
114583-029
NUT, HEX, 1/4-20, S.S.
RADOME BASE ASS'Y, 75 IN., STL, NO AC, WHT PAN
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
02-Sep-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
123723-1
REV
B1
NOTES: (UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED)
1. APPLY ADHESIVE PER SEA TEL SPEC. 121730.
REV.
ECO#
DATE
A
N/A
1-14-05
RELEASED TO PRODUCTION
AMN
A1
NONE
04-13-05
-9 ADDED
AEF
A2
NONE
04-29-05
-9 BASE FRAME WS STL. LG. FOOT, BASE PAN WS P/N 123726-2
MSF
B
4888
05-31-05
FOR -5, -6, -8, -9 BASE PAN WAS P/N 123726-1.
V.S.
B1
N/A
01-24-07
ADD INTERNAL AC PAN FAB CUTOUTS ( NOT PREVOUSLY SHOWN).
SL.
DESCRIPTION
BY
3
50
52
52
53 6X
3
2
1
HEX SCREW, 1/4-20 X 1.25
FLAT WASHER
FLAT WASHER
NUT
6 PLCS.
2
1
4
EXTERNAL AC
DASH # BASE FRAME AC OPTION
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
DOCUMENT NO. 117084 REV. C
STL.
AL.
STL.
STL.
STL.
AL.
STL. LG. FOOT
STL. LG. FOOT
STL
NO
NO
NO
NO
EXTERNAL
EXTERNAL
NO
EXTERNAL
INTERNAL
BASE PAN
COLOR
BASE PAN ACCESS
ASSY
WHITE
123726-1
123728-2
WHITE
123726-1
123728-2
US NAVY GREY 123726-2
123728-3
BRT GREY
123726-3
123728-4
WHITE
124458-1
123728-2
WHITE
124458-1
123728-2
WHITE
123726-1
123728-2
WHITE
124458-1
123728-2
WHITE
124459-1
123728-2
INTERNAL AC (REF. ONLY)
TOLERANCES
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
X.X
X.XX
= +
- .050"
+ .020"
= -
= +
- .005"
ANGLES = +
- 30'
X.XXX
SCALE:
DATE:
APPROVED BY:
DRAWN BY:
DRAWING SIZE:
12-14-04
SCC
B
TITLE:
RADOME BASE ASSY, 75 IN.
MODEL:
3rd ANGLE
PROJECTION
1:16
XX97
SHEET:
1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
123723
REVISION
B1
DRAWING CREATED IN SOLIDWORKS
DETAIL A
SCALE: NONE
FLUSH MOUNT RADOME
MOUNTING HOLE PATTERN
SEE DETAIL A
MOUNTING HOLE PATTERN
W/LEGS
ITEM DESCRIPTION
NET*
WEIGHT (LB.)
ITEM DESCRIPTION
WEIGHT (Lb.) **
ITEM DESCRIPTION
WEIGHT (Lb.) ***
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
1
1
EA
123907-14569
2
1
EA
123907-17269
3
1
EA
116430-17525
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
BELT, TIMING, 1/5 PITCH, 145 GROOVES, 1
A1
BELT, TIMING, 1/5 PITCH, 172 GROOVES, 1
BELT, TIMING, .080 PITCH, 175 GROOVES,
BELT KIT, XX97B / XX00B
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
30-Jun-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
128545-1
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
127903-1
A
EL MOTOR ASS'Y, WITH BRAKE, 9797B-76
2
1
EA
127901-1
X4
MOTOR ASS'Y, CROSS LEVEL, 9797B-76
3
1
EA
125081-2
A2
AZ TRAIN MOTOR ASS'Y, XX07, LH TERMI
4
1
EA
122532-1
D2
SHIELDED LEVEL CAGE MOTOR ASS'Y, .0
5
1
EA
121880-1
A1
MOTOR ASS'Y, POLANG, (PRI-FOCUS)
6
1
EA
116463
D1
GEAR, SPUR, 12T
7
1
EA
114590-144
8
1
EA
117319-10
SCREW, SOCKET SET-CUP, 6-32 x 1/4, S.S.
C2
LOCTITE, 271 THREADLOCKER, 0.5ML
MOTOR KIT, XX97B / XX00B
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
30-Jun-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
128546-1
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
127513-1
A
PCU ASS'Y, XX97B, STD
2
1
EA
117168-1
M
MODEM ASS'Y, PEDESTAL, 3 CH, 75 OHM
3
1
EA
117168-2
M
MODEM ASS'Y, BASE, 3 CH, 75 OHM
4
1
EA
122208-1
J
LEVEL CAGE ASS'Y, 90 DEG EL RANGE, IN
5
1
EA
116024-3
J2
SHIELDED POLANG RELAY ASS'Y
6
1
EA
127602-2
X3
SERVO AMPLIFIER INSTALL, 5 AMP
7
1
EA
121966-6
D1
GPS ANTENNA, RETERMINATED, 32.0 L
8
1
IN
124077-4
A1
TAPE, 3M VHB #4952, SYNTHETIC ADHESI
9
1
EA
115767
F3
POT ASS'Y (MECH.), POLANG
10
1
EA
127946-1
X2
HYBRID POWER RING ASS'Y, 4 CH
11
1
EA
128204-1
X3
RF SWITCH ASSEMBLY
12
1
EA
114540
B1
LNB, C-BAND
13
1
EA
122386
D
FILTERED LNB ASS'Y, QUAD, XX98, XX04
14
1
EA
128545-1
A
BELT KIT, XX97B / XX00B
15
1
EA
114789-810
TRANSPORT CONTAINER
SPARE PARTS KIT, XX97B / XX00B, COMPREHENSIVE
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
30-Jun-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
128547-1
REV
A
SINGLE LEVEL MFG BILL OF MATERIAL
FIND
QTY
PART NO
REV DESCRIPTION
REFERENCE DESIGNATOR
1
1
EA
116880
F
PANEL MACHINING, RACK, BASE MUX
2
1
EA
117168-2
M
MODEM ASS'Y, BASE, 3 CH, 75 OHM
3
1
EA
118429
O
BRACKET, CONNECTOR
4
1
EA
128001-8BLU
5
4
EA
114178
50
6
EA
114588-144
SCREW, PAN HD, PHIL, 6-32 x 1/4, S.S.
51
6
EA
114580-007
WASHER, FLAT, #6, S.S.
60
4
EA
119967
A
NUT, HEX, PANEL, 3/8-32
61
4
EA
119952-031
A1
WASHER, STAR, INTERNAL TOOTH, 3/8, S.
CABLE ASS'Y, RG-179 COAX, F(M) TO SMA
O
ADAPTER, F(F)-F(F) (BULLET), 1.0 IN L
BASE MODEM RACK PANEL ASS'Y, 4CH TVRO
PROD FAMILY
COMMON
EFF. DATE
01-Jul-08
SHT 1 OF 1
DRAWING NUMBER
128303-1
REV
A
8
6
7
5
4
2
3
REV
A
REVISION HISTORY
DESCRIPTION
ECO# DATE
N/A
6-30-08
1
BY
SMS
RELEASED TO PRODUCTION; WAS REV X2
D
D
3
4
4X
1
2
60
C
C
B
B
61
4X
NOTES: UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
1. APPLY ADHESIVE PER SEATEL SPEC. 121730.
2. TORQUE THREADED FASTENERS PER SEATEL SPEC. 122305.
3 IDENTIFY PER SEA TEL SPEC. 122930, APPROX. WHERE SHOWN.
UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED
DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES.
X.X = .050
X.XX = .020
X.XXX = .005
ANGLES: .5
A
DRAWN BY:
SMS
Sea
DRAWN DATE:
5-20-08
APPROVED BY:
5
51
4X
50
2X
4X
3
50
BASE MODEM RACK
APPROVED DATE:
FINISH:
N/A
3rd ANGLE
PROJECTION
8
7
6
5
PANEL ASS'Y, 4CH TVRO
N/A
51
4
SIZE
SCALE:
B
1:1.5
REV
DRAWING NUMBER
128303
A
1 OF 1
SHEET NUMBER
FIRST USED:
3
A
TITLE:
INTERPRET TOLERANCING PER ASME Y14.5M - 1994
MATERIAL:
Tel
4030 NELSON AVENUE
CONCORD, CA 94520
Tel. 925-798-7979 Fax. 925-798-7986
2
1
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