dbx 223xs User manual

,
,
2-Way, 3-Way
4-Way Crossovers
User Manual
Professional Audio Equipment
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNING FOR YOUR PROTECTION
READ THE FOLLOWING:
KEEP THESE INSTRUCTIONS
HEED ALL WARNINGS
FOLLOW ALL INSTRUCTIONS
The symbols shown above are internationally accepted symbols that warn of potential
hazards with electrical products. The lightning flash with arrowpoint in an equilateral triangle
means that there are dangerous voltages present within the unit. The exclamation point
in an equilateral triangle indicates that it is necessary for the user to refer to the owner’s
manual.
These symbols warn that there are no user serviceable parts inside the unit. Do not open the
unit. Do not attempt to service the unit yourself. Refer all servicing to qualified personnel.
Opening the chassis for any reason will void the manufacturer’s warranty. Do not get the
unit wet. If liquid is spilled on the unit, shut it off immediately and take it to a dealer for
service. Disconnect the unit during storms to prevent damage.
Safety Instructions
Notice For Customers If Your Unit Is Equipped With A Power Cord.
WARNING: THIS APPLIANCE SHALL BE CONNECTED TO A MAINS SOCKET OUTLET WITH A PROTECTIVE EARTHING
CONNECTION.
The cores in the mains lead are coloured in accordance with the following code:
GREEN and YELLOW - Earth
BLUE - Neutral
BROWN - Live
As colours of the cores in the mains lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings
identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows:
• The core which is coloured green and yellow must be connected to the terminal in the plug marked with the
letter E, or with the earth symbol, or coloured green, or green and yellow.
• The core which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal marked N or coloured black.
• The core which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal marked L or coloured red.
This equipment may require the use of a different line cord, attachment plug, or both, depending on the
available power source at installation. If the attachment plug needs to be changed, refer servicing to qualified
service personnel who should refer to the table below. The green/yellow wire shall be connected directly to
the units chassis.
CONDUCTOR
L
N
LIVE
NEUTRAL
E
EARTH GND
WIRE COLOR
Normal
Alt
BROWN
BLACK
BLUE
WHITE
GREEN/
GREEN
YEL
WARNING: If the ground is defeated, certain fault conditions in the unit or in the system to which it is connected
can result in full line voltage between chassis and earth ground. Severe injury or death can then result if the
chassis and earth ground are touched simultaneously.
If you want to dispose this product, do not mix it with general household waste. There is a
separate collection system for used electronic products in accordance with legislation that
requires proper treatment, recovery and recycling.
Private household in the 25 member states of the EU, in Switzerland and Norway may return their used
electronic products free of charge to designated collection facilities or to a retailer (if you purchase a similar
new one).
For Countries not mentioned above, please contact your local authorities for a correct method of disposal.
By doing so you will ensure that your disposed product undergoes the necessary treatment, recovery and
recycling and thus prevent potential negative effects on the environment and human health.
the apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping or
splashing liquid and no object filled with liquid,
such as vases, shall be placed on the apparatus.
CLEAN ONLY WITH A DRY CLOTH.
DO NOT BLOCK ANY OF THE VENTILATION OPENINGS.
INSTALL IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE MANUFACTURER’S
INSTRUCTIONS.
DO NOT INSTALL NEAR ANY HEAT SOURCES SUCH AS RADIATORS, HEAT REGISTERS, STOVES, OR OTHER APPARATUS
(INCLUDING AMPLIFIERS) THAT PRODUCE HEAT.
ONLY USE ATTACHMENTS/ACCESSORIES SPECIFIED BY THE
MANUFACTURER.
UNPLUG THIS APPARATUS DURING LIGHTNING STORMS OR
WHEN UNUSED FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME.
Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or groundingtype plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the
other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding
prong. The wide blade or third prong are provided for your safety.
If the provided plug does not fit your outlet, consult an electrician
for replacement of the obsolete outlet.
Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they
exit from the apparatus.
Use only with the cart stand, tripod bracket, or table specified by
the manufacture, or sold with the apparatus. When a cart is used,
use caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid
injury from tip-over.
Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is
required when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such
as power-supply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled
or objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been
exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has
been dropped.
POWER ON/OFF SWITCH: If the equipment has a Power switch,
the Power switch used in this piece of equipment DOES NOT
break the connection from the mains.
MAINS DISCONNECT: The plug shall remain readily operable.
For rack-mount or installation where plug is not accessible, an
all-pole mains switch with a contact separation of at least 3 mm in
each pole shall be incorporated into the electrical installation of the
rack or building.
FOR UNITS EQUIPPED WITH EXTERNALLY ACCESSIBLE FUSE
RECEPTACLE: Replace fuse with same type and rating only.
MULTIPLE-INPUT VOLTAGE: This equipment may require the use
of a different line cord, attachment plug, or both, depending on the
available power source at installation. Connect this equipment only
to the power source indicated on the equipment rear panel. To
reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, refer servicing to qualified
service personnel or equivalent.
If connected to 240V supply, a suitable CSA/UL certified power
cord shall be used for this supply.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
ELECTROMAGNETIC
COMPATIBILITY
This unit conforms to the Product Specifications noted on the
Declaration of Conformity. Operation is subject to the following two
conditions:
• this device may not cause harmful interference, and
• this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Operation of this unit within significant
electromagnetic fields should be avoided.
• use only shielded interconnecting cables.
U.K. MAINS PLUG WARNING
A molded mains plug that has been cut off from the cord is unsafe.
Discard the mains plug at a suitable disposal facility.
NEVER UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD YOU
INSERT A DAMAGED OR CUT MAINS PLUG INTO A 13
AMP POWER SOCKET.
Do not use the mains plug without the fuse cover in place.
Replacement fuse covers can be obtained from your local retailer.
Replacement fuses are 13 amps and MUST be ASTA approved to
BS1362.
DECLARATION OF
CONFORMITY
Manufacturer’s Name:
dbx Professional Products
Manufacturer’s Address:
8760 S. Sandy Parkway
Sandy, Utah 84070, USA
declares that the product:
Product name: dbx 223s, 223xs, 234s, 234xs
Note: Product name may be suffixed by the EU.
Product option:None
conforms to the following Product Specifications:
Safety:IEC 60065 -01+Amd 1
EMC:EN 55022:2006 (N/A; Analog Product)
IEC61000-4-2
IEC61000-4-3
IEC61000-4-4
IEC61000-4-5
IEC61000-4-6
IEC61000-4-8
IEC61000-4-11
Supplementary Information:
The product herewith complies with the requirements of the:
The product herewith complies with the requirements of the:
Low Voltage Directive 2006/95/EC
EMC Directive 2004/108/EC.
RoHS Directive 2002/95/EC
WEEE Directive 2002/96/EC
With regard to Directive 2005/32/EC and EC Regulation
1275/2008 of 17 December 2008, this product is designed,
produced, and classified as Professional Audio Equipment and
thus is exempt from this Directive.
Roger Johnsen
Vice-President of Engineering
8760 S. Sandy Parkway
Sandy, Utah 84070, USA
Date: November 1, 2010
European Contact: Your local dbx Sales and Service Office or
Harman Music Group
8760 South Sandy Parkway
Sandy, Utah 84070, USA
Ph: (801) 566-8800
Fax: (801) 568-7583
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Section 1 - Introduction.........................................1
1.1 Introduction.................................................1
1.2 Service Contact Info.......................................1
1.3 Warranty.......................................................2
Section 2- Operating Controls.................................3
2.1 dbx 234s, 234xs Front Panel............................3
Stereo 2-Way Mode........................................3
Stereo 3-Way Mode........................................4
Mono 4-Way Mode..........................................5
2.2 dbx 223s, 223xs Front Panel............................6
Stereo 2-Way Mode........................................6
Mono 3-Way Mode..........................................7
Section 3 - Rear Panel Operations...........................8
3.1 Rear Panel Operations....................................8
3.2 dbx 234xs/234s Rear Panels............................8
3.3 dbx 223xs/223s Rear Panels............................9
3.4 dbx 234s/234xs or 223s/223xs Audio Connections......9
Section 4 - Electrical Connections...........................10
Section 5 - Features..............................................11
Section 6 - Troubleshooting....................................12
Section 7 - Technical Specifications.........................13
Table of Contents
Section 1
Introduction
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Section 1 - Introduction
1.1 Introduction
Congratulations on your purchase of the dbx 223s/223xs or 234s/234xs crossover. We are
confident you will find this crossover to be the finest product of its kind. We have taken
care to include all of the features you need to make your system sound its best. Some of the
features common to both the 234s/234xs and the 223s/223xs crossovers are:
• back panel switches for selecting the operating mode of the crossover.
• back panel switches indicating the selected range of crossover frequencies. Both of these
features have LED indicators on the front panel so you can see at a glance which mode
the unit is in.
• low frequency summed output designed specifically for mono subwoofer applications.
• phase invert switches on all outputs.
• individual level controls on every output.
We are sure you will agree that these crossovers are built to provide extremely high quality
frequency division for all your PA applications.
1.2 Service Contact Info
If you require technical support, contact dbx Customer Service. Be prepared to accurately
describe the problem. Know the serial number of your unit - this is printed on a sticker
attached to the bottom panel. If you have not already taken the time to fill out your warranty
registration card and send it in, please do so now.
Before you return a product to the factory for service, we recommend you refer to the manual.
Make sure you have correctly followed installation steps and operation procedures. If you are
still unable to solve a problem, contact our Customer Service Department at (801) 568-7660
for consultation. If you need to return a product to the factory for service, you MUST first
contact Customer Service to obtain a Return Authorization Number.
No returned products will be accepted at the factory without a Return Authorization Number.
Please refer to the Warranty information on the following page, which extends to the first
end-user. After expiration of the warranty, a reasonable charge will be made for parts, labor,
and packing if you choose to use the factory service facility. In all cases, you are responsible
for transportation charges to the factory. dbx will pay return shipping if the unit is still under
warranty.
Use the original packing material if it is available. Mark the package with the name of the
shipper and with these words in red: DELICATE INSTRUMENT, FRAGILE! Insure the package
properly. Ship prepaid, not collect. Do not ship parcel post.
1
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Introduction
Section 1
1.3 Warranty
This warranty is valid only for the original purchaser and only in the United States.
1. The warranty registration card that accompanies this product must be mailed within 30 days after purchase
date to validate this warranty. Proof-of-purchase is considered to be the burden of the consumer.
2. dbx warrants this product, when bought and used solely within the U.S., to be free from defects in materials
and workmanship under normal use and service.
3. dbx liability under this warranty is limited to repairing or, at our discretion, replacing defective materials that
show evidence of defect, provided the product is returned to dbx WITH RETURN AUTHORIZATION from the factory,
where all parts and labor will be covered up to a period of two years. A Return Authorization number must first
be obtained from dbx by telephone. The company shall not be liable for any consequential damage as a result of
the product’s use in any circuit or assembly.
4. dbx reserves the right to make changes in design or make additions to or improvements upon this product
without incurring any obligation to install the same additions or improvements on products previously
manufactured.
5. The foregoing is in lieu of all other warranties, expressed or implied, and dbx neither assumes nor authorizes
any person to assume on its behalf any obligation or liability in connection with the sale of this product. In no
event shall dbx or its dealers be liable for special or consequential damages or from any delay in the performance
of this warranty due to causes beyond their control.
2
Section 2
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Operating Controls
Section 2 - Operating Controls
2.1 dbx 234s/234xs Front Panel
Note:
There are no front panel differences between the 234s and the 234xs. Therefore the
234xs is shown below, representing both the 234s and the 234xs.
1
2
9
3
10
4
11
5
12 13
6
14
7
15
8
16
17
STEREO 2-WAY MODE
In 2-way stereo mode the controls are marked in black BELOW the horizontal black line.
Channel One and Channel Two functions are identical in the stereo mode. Front panel controls
not described in this section are not active in stereo 2-way operation.
[1] & [5] Input Gain
Controls the INPUT level with +/- 12 dB of gain.
[2] & [6]
Low/Mid*
Selects crossover point between the LOW and HIGH outputs.
[3] & [7]
Low Output
Controls the Low frequency output level with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[4] & [8]
High Output Controls the High frequency output with a range
of -∞ to +6 dB.
[9] & [14]
Low CutSwitch for selecting the 40 Hz high pass filter. An
LED indicates the selection.
[10] & [15]
x10 LEDIndicates that the LOW/HIGH crossover frequency
range is 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz.
[11] & [16]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the LOW
Output. An LED indicates that the phase is
inverted.
[12] & [17]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the HIGH
Output. An LED indicates that the phase is
inverted.
[13]
Stereo
LED indicating stereo mode operation.
*although this control is labeled as “Low/Mid”, it operates as the crossover frequency control
between low and high frequencies in stereo 2-way operation.
8
3
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
1
2
13
Section 2
Operating Controls
3
14
4
5
15
6
16
7
17 18
8
19
9 10
20
11
21
12
22
23
STEREO 3-WAY MODE
In 3-way stereo operation the controls are marked in black BELOW the horizontal black line.
Channel One and Channel Two functions are identical in the stereo mode. LEDs are disabled for
controls which are non-functional in this mode.
[1] & [7] Input Gain
Controls the INPUT level with +/- 12 dB of gain.
[2] & [8]
Low/Mid
Selects crossover point between LOW and MID frequencies.
[3] & [9]
Mid/High
Selects crossover point between MID and HIGH frequencies.
[4] & [10]
Low Output
Controls the Low Frequency output level with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[5] & [11] Mid Output
Controls the Mid Frequency output with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[6] & [12]
High Output
Controls the High Frequency output with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[13] & [19]
Low CutSwitch for selecting the 40 Hz high pass filter. An
LED indicates the selection.
[14] & [20]
x10 LEDIndicates that the LOW/MID crossover frequency
range is 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz.
[15] & [21]
Phase Invert
Switch for reversing the polarity on the LOW Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[16] & [22]
Phase Invert
Switch for reversing the polarity on the MID Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[17] & [23]
Phase Invert
Switch for reversing the polarity on the HIGH Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[18] Stereo
LED indicating stereo mode operation.
9
4
Section 2
1
2
9
Operating Controls
3
10
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
4
5
11
6
12
13
7
8
14
15
MONO 4-WAY MODE
In 4-way mono operation the controls are marked in red ABOVE the horizontal black line.
Front panel controls not described in this section are not active in mono 4-way mode. LEDs
are disabled for controls which are non-functional in mono 4-way mode.
[1]
Input Gain
Controls the INPUT level with +/- 12 dB of gain.
Selects crossover point between LOW and LOW-MID [2] Low/Low-Mid
frequencies.
[3] Low-Mid/High-Mid
Selects the crossover point between LOW-MID and HIGH-MID frequencies.
[4] Low Output
Controls the LOW frequency output level with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[5] Low-Mid Output
Controls the LOW-MID frequency output level with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[6] High-Mid/High
Selects the crossover point between HIGH-MID and HIGH frequencies.
[7] High-Mid OutputControls the HIGH-MID frequency output level
with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[8] High Output
Controls the HIGH frequency output level with a range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[9]
Low CutSwitch for selecting the 40 Hz high pass filter. An
LED indicates the selection.
[10]
x10 LEDIndicates that the LOW/LOW-MID crossover
frequency range is 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz.
[11]
Phase Invert
Switch for reversing the polarity on the LOW Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[12]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the LOW-MID
Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[13]
Mono
LED indicating mono mode operation.
[14]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the HIGH-MID
Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[15]
Phase Invert
Switch for reversing the polarity on the HIGH Output. An LED indicates the selection.
10
5
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Section 2
Operating Controls
2.2 dbx 223s/223xs Front Panel
Note:
There are no front panel differences between the 223s and the 223xs. Therefore the
223xs is shown below, representing both the 223s and the 223xs.
1
2
9
3
10
4
11 12
5
13
6
14
7
15
8
16
17
STEREO 2-WAY MODE
In 2-way stereo mode the controls are marked in black BELOW the horizontal black line.
Channel One and Channel Two functions are identical in the stereo mode. LEDs are disabled for
controls which are non-functional in this mode.
[1] & [5] Input Gain
Controls the INPUT level with +/- 12 dB of gain.
[2] & [6]
Low/High
Selects crossover point between the LOW and HIGH outputs.
[3] & [7]
Low OutputControls the Low Frequency output level with a
range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[4] & [8]
High Output Controls the High Frequency output with a range
of -∞ to +6 dB.
[9] & [14]
Low CutSwitch for selecting the 40 Hz high pass filter. An
LED indicates the selection.
[10] & [15]
x10 LEDIndicates that the LOW/HIGH crossover frequency
range is 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz.
[11] & [16]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the LOW
Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[12] & [17]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the HIGH
Output. An LED indicates the selection.
[13]
Stereo
LED indicating stereo mode operation.
11
6
Section 2
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Operating Controls
1
2
7
3
8
4
9
10
5
11
6
12
13
MONO 3-WAY MODE
In 3-way mono operation the controls are marked in red ABOVE the horizontal black line.
Front panel controls not described in this section are not active in mono 3-way mode. LEDs
are disabled for controls which are non-functional in this mode.
[1] Input Gain
Controls the input level with +/- 12 dB of gain.
[2] Low/Mid
Selects crossover point between LOW and MID frequencies.
[3] Low OutputControls the LOW frequency output level with a
range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[4] Mid/HighSelects the crossover point between MID and
HIGH frequencies.
[5] Mid OutputControls the MID frequency output level with a
range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[6] High OutputControls the HIGH frequency output level with a
range of -∞ to +6 dB.
[7] Low CutSwitch for selecting the 40 Hz high pass filter. An
LED indicates the selection.
[8] x10 LEDIndicates that the LOW/MID crossover range is
450 Hz to 9.6 kHz.
[9] Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the LOW
Output. An LED indicates that the phase is
reversed.
[10] Mono
LED indicating mono mode operation.
[11]
x10 LEDIndicates that the MID/HIGH crossover frequency
range is 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz
[12]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the MID
Output. An LED indicates that the phase is
reversed.
[13]
Phase InvertSwitch for reversing the polarity on the High
Output. An LED indicates that the phase is
reversed.
12
7
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Rear Panel Operations
Section 3
Section 3 - Rear Panel Operations
3.1 Rear Panel Operations
The mode switches on the back panel of the unit are used to select one of the three modes
of operation in the 234s/234xs and one of two modes of operation in the 223s/223xs. There
could be disastrous consequences if the crossover were improperly setup or the switches were
mistakenly pushed during the regular operation of a sound system. Therefore great care should
be taken when setting these switches. There is a mode diagram on the back panel to help you
understand at a glance how this is done. The following steps should be taken in setting up
your system:
• Know the loudspeaker manufacturer’s requirements regarding the amplification needs
of your particular speaker system. Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines carefully, as
dbx is not responsible for damage relating to improper setup or implementation of the
234s/234xs or the 223s/223xs.
• Without any audio or power connections in place, use the back panel switches on the
crossover to set it to the proper mode of operation; either stereo 2-way, stereo 3-way, or
mono 4-way for the 234s/234xs, or stereo 2-way or mono 3-way for the 223s/223xs.
• Use the literature that came with your speaker system to properly set up the mode of
operation and crossover frequencies to the manufacturer’s specifications.
• There is one of the four possible mode button combinations for the 234s/234xs which is
marked “not valid”. Be sure you have not selected this combination as the 234s/234xs
will not operate correctly in this mode.
3.2 dbx 234xs/234s Rear Panels
dbx 234xs Rear Panel
dbx 234s Rear Panel
When you are certain that the proper selections have been made, complete the steps
described below and in the “234s/234xs or 223s/223xs Audio Connections” section on page 9.
13
8
Section 3
Rear Panel Operations
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
On the back panel of the 234s/234xs, there are markings to help you connect the source
devices and amplifiers to your crossover.
To operate the 234s in stereo 3-way application, follow the top row of markings horizontally
along the length of the 234s. For stereo 2-way operation of the 234s, use the second row
of markings above the connectors. For mono 4-way operation of the 234s, use the markings
directly below the connectors. The connectors not used in the selected mode are marked “Not
Used”. This designation applies only to that mode of operation.
To operate the 234xs in stereo 3-way application, use the first row of markings below the
connectors. For stereo 2-way operation of the 234xs, use the second row of markings below
the connectors. For mono 4-way operation of the 234s, use the markings directly above
the connectors. The connectors not used in the selected mode are marked “Not Used”. This
designation applies only to that mode of operation.
3.3 dbx 223xs/223s Rear Panels
dbx 223xs Rear Panel
dbx 223s Rear Panel
The 223s/223xs is marked in a similar way: for stereo 2-way operation use the markings above
the connectors. To operate the 223s/223xs in mono 3-way mode use the markings below the
connectors. The connectors which are not used in the selected mode are marked “not used”.
This designation applies only to that mode of operation.
3.4 dbx 234s/234xs or 223s/223xs Audio Connections
• Before connecting anything to the crossover, make sure it is not connected to any power
source.
• Be sure that the source device (equalizer, compressor, mixing console, etc.) for the
234s/234xs or 223s/223xs is turned off. Connect the output(s) of the source device to the
inputs of the crossover, following the rear panel markings carefully.
• Make sure that the amplifiers which will be used to drive your speaker system are turned
off. Using the back panel markings as a guide, use high quality cables to connect the amplifiers to the appropriate outputs of the 234s/234xs or 223s/223xs.
14
9
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Electrical Connections
Section 4
Section 4 - Electrical Connections
Ensure that your 234s/234xs or 223s/223xs crossover conforms to the AC power specifications
in your area, by checking the marked voltage spec on the rear of the unit. Never plug the
incorrect voltage into your crossover, as this may cause severe damage not covered under the
dbx warranty. Connect the power cord to the crossover first, then to a power source that is
properly grounded. Never lift the ground as a shock hazard may result.
After you have safely plugged in the crossover, turn on the source device(s). Turn the amplifiers’ outputs all the way down (-∞) and turn on the amplifiers. All of the elements of your
sound system should now be on, and the amplifiers should be turned all the way down. Turn
the source device to its nominal operating level, sending a nominal (average) level to the
234s/234xs or 223s/223xs. Slowly turn up the amplifiers’ outputs until you can hear signal at
a comfortable volume. Make adjustments as you desire.
15
10
Section 5
Features
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Section 5 - Features
x10 OPERATION
If you are using your system in stereo 2-way or 3-way mode, the needed crossover frequency
may be higher than 960 Hz, making it necessary to set the x10 switch to the active position.
This changes the range of operation of the frequency selector from 45-960 Hz to 450 Hz to
9.6 kHz. All other frequency selectors remain the same. When using the x10 switch, ALWAYS
ensure that the amplifiers feeding all speaker systems are turned off or that the input gain
controls on the power amplifiers are turned down before changing the setting of the x10
switch. Not doing so may send a spurious signal to the outputs of the crossover when the x10
switch is engaged, and may damage speaker systems which are powered at the time of the
spurious signal.
POLARITY SWITCH
Every output is equipped with a polarity (Ø) reverse switch on the front panel. When speakers
are not “in phase”, the frequency response of the system is compromised, particularly
in the low frequencies. Out of phase signals can also cause “comb-filtering” in the high
frequencies. The polarity switch is extremely useful for fine tuning your sound system for peak
performance. An LED is activated when the output polarity is reversed.
LOW FREQUENCY SUMMING
The other feature accessed on the back panel is “low frequency summing”. This is useful
with systems that utilize mono subwoofers. Activating the LF sum switch “sums” the low
frequencies of both the left and right inputs. The sum is sent to channel one’s low output
marked “LF SUM”, while channel two’s low output is not used, and channel two’s phase
invert led is disabled, indicating it is not operational in “LF Sum” mode. The summed low
frequencies represent all the low frequencies of both the left and right inputs, and since lows
are generally non-directional anyway, it will not detract from the true stereo picture of the
source material.
RACK MOUNTING, GROUNDING AND SAFETY
We have provided 4 rack screws and washers for easy mounting in standard audio racks. You
should avoid mounting the unit near large power transformers or motors. Route the AC cord
away from audio lines and plug it into a power source close by. If the power cord must cross
over audio lines, you should take care to have them cross at 90 degree angles.
For the dbx 223s and dbx 234s, the input and output connectors are balanced/unbalanced
1/4” TRS type connectors. The tip of the plug is wired as hot (+), the ring is wired as cold
(-), and the sleeve is wired as the ground or shield. For the dbx 223xs and dbx 234xs, the
input and output connectors are XLR connectors.
The 234s/234xs or 223s/223xs crossovers have differentially balanced input and output circuits. Balanced wiring is recommended, even with unbalanced source devices, especially when
running long paths. Twin-conductor, shielded cable is more reliable since it does not depend
on the shield wire itself to complete the signal connection. Using twin conductor cable, a
broken shield may only result in a slight increase in noise or hum due to the lack of shielding.
You may also use unbalanced cables to connect to and from the crossover.
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11
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Troubleshooting
Section 6
Section 6 - Troubleshooting
NO SOUND
If there appears to be no power:
• Check that either the stereo or mono LED on the front panel of the 234s/234xs or
223s/223xs is lit.
• Check that the power cord is seated properly in the back panel of the crossover and that
it is plugged into an active AC power source.
If
there appears to be power, but no audible signal:
• Confirm that active audio lines are connected to the crossover’s inputs and outputs.
• Check that both the input and output gain controls are advanced sufficiently.
• Check to make sure that you have turned up the amplifiers’ outputs.
ABNORMAL AUDIO OUTPUT
• Ensure that the proper mode for your setup has been selected via the rear panel mode
switches.
• Check the LF Sum switch.
• Check the x10 switch. This changes the range of the crossover frequency from 45 - 960
Hz to 450 Hz - 9.6 kHz.
HUM AND/OR BUZZ
If you suspect that the hum is caused by a ground loop:
• Systematically remove and/or connect the audio grounds of the devices in the signal
path.
• Remember, for safety you must maintain connection to chassis ground. Never lift a safety
ground.
If you suspect the hum is not caused by a ground loop.
• Check the audio at an earlier stage in the audio chain.
• Low level equipment should be mounted away from power amplifiers to avoid induction
of this type of hum.
• Be certain that all audio wiring except for loudspeaker lines is well shielded, and that
low level wiring is not run parallel to and/or in close proximity to AC power wiring.
INTERMITTENT AUDIO
• Check the other equipment and the wiring to make certain that the signal is not
intermittent earlier in the chain.
• Check the integrity of all cables using a cable tester.
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Section 7
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Technical Specifications
Section 7 - Technical Specifications
INPUT Connectors:
1/4” TRS (223s/234s) or XLR (223xs/234xs)
Type:Electronically balanced/unbalanced, RF filtered
Impedance:
Balanced > 50 kΩ, unbalanced > 25 kΩ
Max Input Level:
+22 dBu typical, balanced or unbalanced
CMRR:
>40 dB, typically > 55 dB at 1 kHz
OUTPUT (223s/234s):
Connectors:
1/4” TRS
Type:Impedance-balanced/unbalanced, RF filtered
Impedance:
Balanced 200Ω, unbalanced 100Ω
Max Output Level:
>+21 dBu balanced/unbalanced into 2 kΩ or greater
OUTPUT (223xs/234xs):
Connectors:
XLR
Type:Electronically balanced/unbalanced, RF filtered
Impedance:
Balanced 60Ω, unbalanced 30Ω
Max Output Level:
>+20 dBu balanced/unbalanced into 600Ω or greater
PERFORMANCE:
Bandwidth:
Frequency Response:
Signal-to-Noise:
20 Hz to 20 kHz, +0/-0.5 dB
< 3 Hz to > 90 kHz, +0/-3 dB
Ref: +4 dBu, 22 kHz measurement bandwidth
Stereo Mode:
234s/234xs: Low Output:
> 94 dB
Low-Mid Output:
Mid Output:
> 93 dB
High-Mid Output:
High Output:
> 90 dB
223s/223xs: Low Output:
> 94 dB
Mid Output:
High Output:
> 91 dB
Dynamic Range:
THD+Noise:
Interchannel Crosstalk:
18
13
>
<
<
<
Mono Mode:
> 94 dB
> 94 dB
>
>
>
>
>
92
88
94
93
91
dB
dB
dB
dB
dB
106 dB, unweighted, any output
0.004% at +4 dBu, 1 kHz
0.04% at +20 dBu, 1 kHz
-80 dB, 20 Hz to 20 kHz
223s, 223xs,
234s, 234xs
Technical Specifications
Section 7
Section 7 - Technical Specifications
CROSSOVER FREQUENCIES:
234s/234xs: Stereo Mode:
Low/High:
45 Hz to 960 Hz or 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz (x10 setting)
Low/Mid:
45 Hz to 960 Hz or 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz (x10 setting)
Mid/High:
450 Hz to 9.6 kHz
234s/234xs: Mono Mode:
Low/Low-Mid:
45 Hz to 960 Hz or 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz (x10 setting)
Low-Mid/High-Mid:
450 Hz to 9.6 kHz
High-Mid/High:
450 Hz to 9.6 kHz
223s/223xs: Stereo Mode:
Low/High:45 Hz to 960 Hz or 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz (x10 setting)
223s/223xs: Mono Mode:
Low/Mid:
45 Hz to 960 Hz or 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz (x10 setting)
Mid/High:
45 Hz to 960 Hz or 450 Hz to 9.6 kHz (x10 setting)
Filter Type:
Linkwitz-Riley, 24 dB/octave, state-variable
FUNCTION SWITCHES:
Front Panel:
Low Cut:
Activates 40 Hz Butterworth, 12 dB/octave high-pass
filter, one switch per channel.
Phase Invert:Inverts the phase at the output, one switch per output.
Rear Panel:
x10:Multiplies crossover frequency range by 10, one switch per channel.
Mode:
Selects stereo/mono and 2/3/4-way operation.
LF Sum:
Selects normal (stereo) or mono-summed low frequency operation.
INDICATORS:
Stereo Operation:
Mono Operation:
Low Cut:
x10:
Phase Invert:
Green LED
Yellow LED
Red LED per channel
Green LED per channel
Red LED per output (3 per channel)
POWER SUPPLY:
Operating Voltage:
Power Consumption:
Mains Connection:
100 VAC 50/60 Hz, 120 VAC 60 Hz
230 VAC 50/60 Hz
15 Watts
IEC 320 receptacle
PHYSICAL:
Dimensions:
Weight:
Shipping Weight:
1.75” H X 19” W X 6.9” D (4.4cm x 48.3cm x 17.5cm)
234: 4.0 lbs. (1.8 kg) 223s: 3.7 lbs. (1.7 kg)
234: 5.8 lbs. (2.6 kg) 223s: 5.4 lbs. (2.5 kg)
Specifications are subject to change.
19
14
8760 South Sandy Parkway • Sandy, Utah 84070
Phone: (801) 568-7660 • Fax (801) 568-7662
Int’l Fax: (801) 568-7583
Questions or comments?
Contact us at www.dbxpro.com
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18-0808-A