DCS | WOTD-230 | User manual | DCS WOTD-230 User manual

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[DCS USER MANUAL]
DCS USER MANUAL
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DCS USER MANUAL
DCS USER MANUAL
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[DCS USER MANUAL]
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MAIN MENU ...............................................................................................................7
INSTANT ACTION.........................................................................................................9
LOGBOOK ................................................................................................................. 10
Pilot Page ......................................................................................................................... 12
Nation, Squadron, and Awards Page ................................................................................. 14
Page Navigation ............................................................................................................... 14
OPTIONS ................................................................................................................... 15
System Options ................................................................................................................ 17
Graphics Settings ................................................................................................................................. 17
Auxiliary Settings ................................................................................................................................. 19
Modifiers.............................................................................................................................................. 24
Switches ............................................................................................................................................... 24
Difficulties ............................................................................................................................................ 30
F10 View Options ................................................................................................................................. 32
Additional Settings ............................................................................................................................... 34
Presets ................................................................................................................................................. 35
Audio Settings .................................................................................................................. 36
Miscellaneous .................................................................................................................. 37
Special ............................................................................................................................. 38
Ka-50 .................................................................................................................................................... 38
Combined Arms ................................................................................................................................... 39
Р-51D ................................................................................................................................................... 40
TRAINING ................................................................................................................. 41
MISSION ................................................................................................................... 44
REPLAY ..................................................................................................................... 49
CREATE FAST MISSION .............................................................................................. 53
Simple Mode .................................................................................................................... 54
Advanced Mode ............................................................................................................... 56
Options ................................................................................................................................................ 56
Forces................................................................................................................................................... 56
Battle Location ..................................................................................................................................... 57
Briefing................................................................................................................................................. 57
MISSION EDITOR ....................................................................................................... 58
The Mission Editor Map and Navigation ............................................................................ 59
The World Map .................................................................................................................................... 60
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Navigating the Map ............................................................................................................................. 61
The Mission and Map Bar .................................................................................................................... 61
The System Bar ................................................................................................................ 62
File ....................................................................................................................................................... 62
Edit ....................................................................................................................................................... 65
Flight .................................................................................................................................................... 65
Ka-50 .................................................................................................................................................... 66
A-10C ................................................................................................................................................... 66
Campaign Editor .................................................................................................................................. 67
Customize ............................................................................................................................................ 67
Mission Options ............................................................................................................................... 68
Map Options .................................................................................................................................... 69
Mission Generator ............................................................................................................................... 71
Misc...................................................................................................................................................... 71
The Tool Bar ..................................................................................................................... 72
Standard weather ................................................................................................................................ 75
Dynamic weather ................................................................................................................................. 78
Set Triggers ...................................................................................................................... 80
Triggers List .......................................................................................................................................... 81
Conditions ............................................................................................................................................ 84
Trigger Actions ..................................................................................................................................... 89
Cockpit Triggers Guide ...................................................................................................... 92
CONDITIONS ........................................................................................................................................ 93
ACTIONS ............................................................................................................................................... 95
Trigger Practical Exercise .................................................................................................. 99
Task Planning for Unit Groups ........................................................................................ 109
Fundamental Concepts ...................................................................................................................... 109
Group Artificial Intelligence (AI) .................................................................................................... 109
Task................................................................................................................................................ 110
Enroute Task .................................................................................................................................. 110
Command ...................................................................................................................................... 111
Option............................................................................................................................................ 111
Panel Flags ......................................................................................................................................... 111
Group Route Planning ........................................................................................................................ 111
Example 1 ...................................................................................................................................... 112
Example 2 ...................................................................................................................................... 114
Example 3 ...................................................................................................................................... 115
Example 4 ...................................................................................................................................... 116
Example 5 ...................................................................................................................................... 117
Example 6 ...................................................................................................................................... 119
Place Airplane and Helicopter Group .............................................................................. 122
Modal Buttons ................................................................................................................................... 126
Route mode ................................................................................................................................... 126
Waypoint Mode Buttons ............................................................................................................... 130
Payload mode ................................................................................................................................ 131
Triggered Actions mode ................................................................................................................ 134
Summary mode ............................................................................................................................. 134
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INU Fix Point .................................................................................................................................. 135
Target Point mode ......................................................................................................................... 136
Failures mode ................................................................................................................................ 137
Waypoint Properties mode (A-10C only) ...................................................................................... 139
Advanced Actions Menu (aircraft groups) ......................................................................................... 142
Panel Interface Controls .................................................................................................................... 142
Actions List ......................................................................................................................................... 142
Triggered Actions ............................................................................................................................... 146
Action Properties Panel ..................................................................................................................... 146
Upper Action Properties Panel ...................................................................................................... 147
Configuring Advanced Actions ........................................................................................................... 150
Automatic Actions ............................................................................................................................. 151
Tasks .................................................................................................................................................. 152
No Task .......................................................................................................................................... 152
Attack Group ................................................................................................................................. 152
Attack Unit..................................................................................................................................... 154
Attack Map Object......................................................................................................................... 156
Bombing ........................................................................................................................................ 157
Bombing Runway ........................................................................................................................... 158
Orbit .............................................................................................................................................. 158
FAC - Assign Group ........................................................................................................................ 160
Refueling........................................................................................................................................ 162
Follow ............................................................................................................................................ 163
Escort ............................................................................................................................................. 164
Enroute Tasks..................................................................................................................................... 165
No Enroute Task ............................................................................................................................ 166
Search Then Engage ...................................................................................................................... 166
Search Then Engage in Zone .......................................................................................................... 169
Search Then Engage Group ........................................................................................................... 170
Search Then Engage Unit ............................................................................................................... 171
Refueling........................................................................................................................................ 172
AWACS ........................................................................................................................................... 172
FAC ................................................................................................................................................ 172
FAC - Engage Group ....................................................................................................................... 172
Perform Command ............................................................................................................................ 173
No Action ....................................................................................................................................... 173
Run Script ...................................................................................................................................... 173
Set Frequency ................................................................................................................................ 174
Switch waypoint ............................................................................................................................ 174
Switch Action ................................................................................................................................. 175
Invisible ......................................................................................................................................... 176
Immortal ........................................................................................................................................ 176
Deactivate Beacon ......................................................................................................................... 176
EPLRS ............................................................................................................................................. 176
Set Option .......................................................................................................................................... 177
ROE (Rules of Engagement) ........................................................................................................... 177
Reaction to Threat ......................................................................................................................... 178
Radar Using ................................................................................................................................... 179
Chaff-Flare Using ........................................................................................................................... 179
Formation ...................................................................................................................................... 180
RTB on Bingo ................................................................................................................................. 181
Silence ........................................................................................................................................... 181
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Ground crew support at airbases ...................................................................................................... 182
Place Ship ...................................................................................................................... 183
Route mode ................................................................................................................................... 185
Triggered Actions mode ................................................................................................................ 187
SUMMARY mode ........................................................................................................................... 187
Advanced Actions Mode(naval groups) ............................................................................................. 189
Action Properties Panel for Naval Groups ..................................................................................... 189
Tasks .................................................................................................................................................. 189
No Task .......................................................................................................................................... 189
Fire at Point ................................................................................................................................... 189
Enroute Tasks..................................................................................................................................... 189
Perform Command ............................................................................................................................ 190
No Action ....................................................................................................................................... 190
Run Script ...................................................................................................................................... 190
Invisible ......................................................................................................................................... 190
Immortal ........................................................................................................................................ 190
Set Option .......................................................................................................................................... 190
ROE (Rules of Engagement) ........................................................................................................... 190
Place Ground Unit .......................................................................................................... 191
Route mode ................................................................................................................................... 193
Triggered Actions mode ................................................................................................................ 198
Summary mode ............................................................................................................................. 198
Advanced Actions Mode (ground groups) ......................................................................................... 199
Action Properties Panel for Ground Groups.................................................................................. 199
Tasks .................................................................................................................................................. 199
No Task .......................................................................................................................................... 199
FAC - Assign Group ........................................................................................................................ 199
Fire at Point ................................................................................................................................... 200
Hold ............................................................................................................................................... 200
Enroute Tasks..................................................................................................................................... 200
No Enroute Task ............................................................................................................................ 200
FAC ................................................................................................................................................ 200
FAC - Engage Group ....................................................................................................................... 200
Perform Command ............................................................................................................................ 201
No Action ....................................................................................................................................... 201
Run Script ...................................................................................................................................... 201
Set Callsign .................................................................................................................................... 201
Set Frequency ................................................................................................................................ 202
Invisible ......................................................................................................................................... 202
Immortal ........................................................................................................................................ 203
Set Option .......................................................................................................................................... 203
ROE (Rules of Engagement) ........................................................................................................... 203
Dispersal Under Fire ...................................................................................................................... 203
Alarm State .................................................................................................................................... 203
Place Static Object.......................................................................................................... 204
Place Initial Point ........................................................................................................... 206
Place Bullseye ................................................................................................................ 207
Create Area Trigger Zone ................................................................................................ 208
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Create Unit Template ..................................................................................................... 210
Area Trigger Zone List ..................................................................................................... 212
Unit List ......................................................................................................................... 214
Resource Manager ......................................................................................................... 216
Warehouse Window .......................................................................................................................... 216
Resource Manager, Full Info .............................................................................................................. 217
Resupply Rates .............................................................................................................................. 217
Warehouse Inventory .................................................................................................................... 218
Copy To Other Warehouses .......................................................................................................... 219
Adding a Warehouse ..................................................................................................................... 219
Connecting Warehouses ............................................................................................................... 219
Delete Unit/Object ......................................................................................................... 220
Map Options .................................................................................................................. 220
Distance Tool ................................................................................................................. 220
Exit Mission Editor ......................................................................................................... 220
View Debriefing ............................................................................................................. 221
CAMPAIGN BUILDER ............................................................................................... 226
ENCYCLOPEDIA ....................................................................................................... 230
MODULE MANAGER ................................................................................................ 233
Special Offers Tab .............................................................................................................................. 233
Available Add-Ons Tab ....................................................................................................................... 233
Installed Tab....................................................................................................................................... 235
EXIT ........................................................................................................................ 236
MULTIPLAYER ......................................................................................................... 237
Main Multiplayer Window .............................................................................................. 239
Server List .......................................................................................................................................... 241
Lower Bar ........................................................................................................................................... 241
New Server .................................................................................................................... 242
Options .......................................................................................................................... 243
Join ................................................................................................................................ 245
Joining a Mission ................................................................................................................................ 245
From Server List ............................................................................................................................. 245
Connect by IP ................................................................................................................................. 245
Join Window .................................................................................................................................. 245
In Mission Commands........................................................................................................................ 250
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MAIN MENU
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MAIN MENU
Upon starting DCS, the Main Menu screen will be displayed after a brief program loading
screen. From the Main Menu, you may select captions in the right main menu. Each of
these captions directs you to a different aspect of the game or exits the game back to
desktop. To make a selection, place your mouse over the caption and the caption will
be illuminated. By then left mouse clicking, you will be directed to the selected area of
the program.
At the right side there are a retractable News Panel that shows the latest news about ED
games and events. News can be thumbing by the two "<>" arrows in the upper-right
panel corner.
Along the bottom edge of the screen are the game icons. These icon represents
available and installed DCS modules. You can read information on each module and
select a background theme by clicking an icon.
Main Menu buttons include:

INSTANT ACTION. Allows you to quickly fly a pre-built mission that bypasses
the briefing screen. When you click on this button, a pop-up screen will be
displayed that allows you to select an aircraft and mission scenario to fly. To exit
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this screen without selecting a mission, click on the yellow X in the top right
corner.

CREATE FAST MISSION. Using the built-in mission generator, you can quickly
create missions according to your specified parameters. Missions can be created
in either simple or advanced modes (increased number of mission options).

TRAINING. An extensive set of training missions are provided to teach you to
fly and operate the aircraft.

MISSION. Open a single mission. Using the built-in Mission Editor, you can build
your own missions or download them from the Internet. You can access such
missions from this screen.

CAMPAIGN. To select a campaign to fly or continue an existing one, select this
option. Unlike Missions, Campaigns are a series of missions linked together in a
logical way resulting from your mission outcomes.

REPLAY. After each mission you fly, you have the option to save the mission as
a replay file (Track file). You can access these replay files from this screen.

MULTIPLAYER. Open the multiplayer interface to host or join an online game.

MISSION EDITOR. The Mission Editor allows you to create missions big and
small. These missions can then be used as single player missions, multiplayer
missions, training missions, or to populate a campaign. This is a powerful tool
and is the same one used to create the missions and campaigns included with
the game.

CAMPAIGN BUILDER. Using missions created in the Editor, you may use the
Campaign Builder to create your own campaigns that you can play yourself or
share with friends.

ENCYCLOPEDIA. The Encyclopedia is a resource that provides data and
images of all the air, land, and sea units in the game.

OPTIONS. The Options screen consists of several tabs and allows you to
customize your graphics, audio, input, and game play options.

LOGBOOK. From this screen you may create a pilot persona(s) and track their
accomplishments and statistics.

MODULE MANAGER. Use the Module Manager to see special offers, purchase
new DCS modules, and view purchased ones.

EXIT. To exit the game and return to desktop, press the red Exit button.
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INSTANT ACTION
Pressing this caption opens a pop-up window where you can select aircraft and several
missions for each aircraft. Left click on one of the aircraft tabs and then the desired
mission to fly pre-generated mission. Instant Action is a handy way to quickly fly a
mission.
Instant
Action
Select aircraft
Select mission
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LOGBOOK
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LOGBOOK
From the Logbook you may create as many pilot personas as you wish. By creating a
pilot and using it in missions, the pilot will accumulate mission statistics and awards.
Note: For the pilot to log flight statistics and awards, it MUST be assigned as the Player
aircraft in the mission!
Note: All created pilots must be assigned a country. When creating a player mission,
the country of the player flight must match the country of the pilot you wish to use!
Otherwise, mission statistics will not be recorded in the logbook.
To select the Logbook, left mouse click on the Logbook caption on the Main Menu.
Logbook
The Logbook is divided into three sections:
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Pilot Page
Located on the left side of the screen, the pilot page provides specific data about your
pilots. At the bottom of the page are two buttons: New and Delete. To create a new
pilot, press the New button. To remove an existing pilot from the logbook, select the
pilot from the Name list and then press the Delete button.
Select aircraft
Pilot Page
General info for all
aircrafts
Nation and Awards Page
Page navigation
Elements of the pilot page include:

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Pilot Picture. In the top left corner of the page is a 128x128 pixel space for a
pilot photo. To select a new photo, left mouse click on the image and a browser
window will appear. Select the desired photo (.png or .jgp) and press the OK
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
NAME. When creating a New pilot, enter the name of the pilot in this field.
Using the drop down menu, you can select other pilots previously created for the
selected country on the right Country and Awards page.

CALLSIGN. When creating a New pilot, enter the callsign of the pilot in this
field.

RANK. As your pilots gain experience, they will grow in rank. This is done
automatically. Rank will be indicated by the name of the rank and the associated
shoulder board. Experience is gained through flight hours and accomplishments
in battle.
Pilot career statistics, broken down for each aircraft.

Flight Hours. Total number of hours the pilot has been in the cockpit.

Daytime. Total number of daylight flight hours.

Nighttime. Total number of nighttime flight hours.

Landings. Number of landings.

Ejections. Number of times the pilot has ejected.

Aerial Refuelings. Number of successful aerial refuelings.

Total Score. Total score of pilot based on mission performance and flight hours.

A-G Kills. Total number of air-to-ground unit kills by pilot.

A-A Kills. Total number of air-to-air kills by pilot.

Static. Total number of static object kills by pilot.

Naval. Total number of naval unit kills by pilot.

Deaths. If Invulnerable is set to YES, then each time the pilot would have been
killed is kept track of in this field.
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Below the basic pilot attributes are mission career statistics that are cumulated over the
course of all missions and all aircrafts that the pilot flies. These are:

Commissioned. The date that the pilot was created.

Campaigns. The number of campaigns that the pilot has completed (either
won or lost).

Campaign Missions. Total number of missions in campaigns flown.

Friendly A-G Kills. Total number of friendly ground units destroyed by pilot.

Friendly A-A Kills. Total number of friendly air units destroyed by pilot.
The STATUS of the pilot.

Invulnerable. This can either be set to YES or NO and determines if the pilot
can be killed in action.

Kill Ratio. This ratio compares the number of times the pilot has died compared
to the number of victories (player deaths / enemy kills).
Nation, Squadron, and Awards Page
The left side page indicates the nation, armed forces branch (squadron), and awards of
the selected pilot.

Nation. Use the drop down list to assign the pilot to a country.

Squadron. Use the drop down list to select the armed forces branch or
squadron to assign the pilot. These will be dependent upon the selected nation.

Awards. In this large field will be displayed medals the pilot has earned.
Page Navigation
Along the very bottom of the screen are the CANCEL button which will return you to the
Main Menu without saving any changes to the Logbook, and the OK button which will
return you to the Main Menu page but will save your changes.
You can also exit the Logbook by pressing the yellow X in the top right of the screen.
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OPTIONS
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OPTIONS
The Options screen allows you to customize your graphics and audio settings, input
options, and game play settings. To access the Options screen, left mouse click on the
Options button on the Main Menu.
Options
The Options page has five tabs at the top that allow you to adjust your settings for
graphics, audio, inputs, game play, miscellaneous and special. Left mouse click on a tab
to display the desired options settings page. The selected tab is highlighted in yellow.
Along the very bottom of the screen are the CANCEL button which will return you to the
Main Menu without saving any changes to Options, and the OK button which will return
you to the Main Menu page but will save your changes.
You can also exit the Options page by pressing the yellow X in the top right of the
screen.
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System Options
The System Options screen allows you to customize your graphics settings to best suit
your personal preferences and hardware (CPU, RAM, and graphics card).
Graphics Settings
Graphics Presets
Auxiliary Settings
Along the very bottom of the screen are the CANCEL button which will return you to the
Main Menu without saving any changes to Options, and the OK button which will return
you to the Main Menu page but will save your changes.
You can also exit the Options page by pressing the yellow X in the top right of the
screen.
Graphics Settings
Note: some graphics settings may be unavailable for users on a 32-bit operating
system.
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Several graphics settings are available along the left side of the screen. Selection of a
graphics option is done by using the drop down list for each item and selecting the
desired setting.
TEXTURES

LOW. Low resolution textures for terrain, objects, and cockpit.

MEDIUM. Medium resolution textures for terrain, objects, and cockpit.

HIGH. High resolution textures for terrain, objects, and cockpit.
SCENES

LOW. Only basic buildings at airbases are rendered and no trees are rendered.

MEDIUM. Air bases and large buildings in urban areas are rendered. Only trees
in urban areas are rendered.

HIGH. All buildings and trees are rendered.
CIV TRAFFIC

OFF. No road and rail traffic.

LOW, MEDIUM, HIGH. The density of road and rail traffic.
WATER

LOW. Basic water without 3D surface.

MEDIUM. Water has 3D surface and shelf.

HIGH. Water has 3D surface, shelf and full reflections.
VISIB RANGE

LOW. Ground objects such as buildings and trees are rendered at short range.

MEDIUM. Ground objects such as buildings and trees are rendered at medium
range.

HIGH. Ground objects such as buildings and trees are rendered at long range.
HEAT BLUR

ON. Heat blur from aircraft engine exhausts is visible when aircraft are at low
speeds.

OFF. Heat blur is not present.
SHADOWS

LOW. All objects have planar shading.

MEDIUM. The object that is the focus of view will have self-casting shadows and
all other objects will have planar shadows.

HIGH. The object that is the focus of view will have soft shadows and all other
objects will have planar shadows.
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RESOLUTION. Select the resolution that the game will be played in. Note that the
Aspect radio will automatically be set to best match the selected resolution. For users
with a multi-monitor setup, the total resolution can be entered manually.
ASPECT. The aspect ratio of the display will automatically be set to the current
Resolution, but it may also be entered manually.
MONITORS. The game allows you to output video to multiple monitors. Four default
configurations are provided automatically:

1 Screen. All video will be displayed on a single monitor (default).

3 Screen. Video will be split equally over three monitors.

Camera + RMFCD. Video will be split between 2 monitors - one for the main
camera and one for the right MFCD.

MFCD. Video will be split between 3 monitors - one for the main camera, one for
the left MFCD and one for the right MFCD.
To customize these configurations or create your own new configurations, navigate to
\Config\MonitorSetup. Each configuration is defined by a separate lua file.
RES. OF COCKPIT DISPLAYS. Set the resolution of cockpit displays such as mirrors,
targeting video indicators, multifunction displays, moving maps, etc. Note that higher
resolution settings can negatively impact the smoothness of game play.
MSAA. Select the antialiasing level for game picture.
HDR. Sets the option for High Dynamic Range, which enables some special visual
effects (such as sun glare and color bloom).

OFF. HDR effects are disabled.

COLD COLORS. HDR effects are at low intensity.

NORMAL. HDR effects are at medium intensity.

WARM COLORS. HDR effects are at high intensity.
Note: If you wish to increase frame rates, the most import graphics settings to adjust
lower are SCENES, VISIB RANGE, WATER, SHADOWS, MSAA, and HDR.
Auxiliary Settings
CLUTTER/BUSHES. This slider adjusts the range from the camera at which
grass/bushes are rendered on the ground.
TREES VISIBILITY. This slider adjusts the range from the camera to which 3D tree
rendering extends.
PRELOAD RADIUS. Radius of the preloaded terrain around user position in meters. A
large setting can decrease hard disk swapping but it requires more system RAM.
DISABLE AERO INTERFACE. This option turns off the Windows Aero Interface, and
this may provides a performance increase for some PCs.
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TREE SHADOWS. Check this box to enable trees shadows. Enabling tree shadows may
reduce PC performance.
VSYNC. Check this box to enable frame rate vertical synchronization to your monitor's
refresh rate.
FULL SCREEN. Check this box if you wish the game to fill up the entire screen. When
full screen is unchecked, the game will run in windowed mode. If your desktop
resolution is greater than your game resolution and you do not have this box selected,
then the game window will be smaller than the monitor's display.
COCKPIT SHADOWS. Check this box to enable dynamic cockpit shadows. Note, this
can have a considerable impact on frame rates.
TSSAA. Check this box to enable antialiasing of transparent objects (trees, fences, etc.).
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Controls Settings
The control settings tab allows you to customize your control input devices. Such
controls can include joysticks, mice, keyboards, rudders, etc. Using the manager, you
can map functions to keys, create axis curves and assignments, and adjust force
feedback levels. Of note, you can create and save multiple input profiles.
Aircraft Control
Mode
Input
Category
Main Listing
Window
Clear
Category
Save Input
Profile
Load Input
Profile
HTML list of
commands
Edit Input
Modifiers
Edit Input
Buttons
Axis
Assignment
Axis
Tune
Force-Feedback
Tune
Along the very bottom of the screen are the CANCEL button which will return you to the
Main Menu without saving any changes to Options, and the OK button which will return
you to the Main Menu page but will save your changes.
You can also exit the Options page by pressing the yellow X in the top right of the
screen.
Main Listing Window. This vertically organized list displays each assignable action in
regards to each detected input device connected to your computer. On the left side of
the list is the column that lists each assignable Action. The list of Actions is determined
by your Input Category and Player Mode selections. To the right of the Action column
are columns for each detected input device. To assign an action an input device, left
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mouse click in the field where the Action line and the device column intersect. This will
then be indicated by a white box in the field. Note, you can test whether an input
command is mapped on a particular controller by pressing the command while the
controller's column is highlighted.
Aircraft Control Mode. The Aircraft Control Mode drop down list shows the different
control modes possible in a mission:

Aircraft Game. Active when a mission is launched with Game Avionics mode on.

Aircraft Sim. Active when a mission is launched with Game Avionics mode off.

Free Camera. Active when a mission is launched with no player or clientcontrolled aircraft.
Input Category. The Input Category drop down list displays all the general input
categories of the player aircraft. To select a category from the list, left mouse click on it
and the input actions of that category will be displayed in the main listing window.
Input Categories
Clear Category. If you wish to clear all input assignments for a controller, left click on
any input command for the controller and then click on the CLEAR CATEGORY button.
This will erase all input assignments for the controller column.
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Save Input Profile. After you have modified (added, deleted, or changed) an input
option to a profile, you can save it using the SAVE PROFILE AS button. Upon pressing
this button, the Save Profile As browser window will be displayed. This window allows
you to browse to a location on your computer and save the profile. You can either save
the profile under the default name or create a new profile under a different name. As
such, you can create multiple profiles for a single aircraft if you wish.
Load Input Profile. Once an input profile is created, you may load it as the active
profile by selecting the LOAD PROFILE button. This button will display the Load Profile
browser window and allow you to select the desired profile to load. After selecting the
desired profile, press the OK button.
Note: The loading and saving functions are specific to the device and not global for the
profile
Modify Input. Pressing the MODIFIERS button will display the MODIFIERS PANEL
window and allow you to set control modifiers and control switches to allow additional
control assignments.
Modifiers
Switches
The Modifiers panel consists of two parts, the Modifiers at the left and the Switches at
the right.
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Modifiers
Modifiers usually use a key or button combination with Shift, Ctrl, or Alt (by default) or
any custom keys assigned to act as a modifier. For example, you can assign any joystick
button as a modifier and use it to expand the available joystick’s commands that can be
assigned to your input device (i.e. Ctrl + T).
By default, several Modifiers are included in the Modifiers window: LALT, LCTRL,
LSHIFT, MOUSE_BTN_3, RALT, RCTRL, RSHIFT, and RWIN. However, by pressing the
ADD button below the Modifiers list window, you can also create your own.
From the ADD MODIFIER panel, first select the device you wish to set the modifier from.
This could range from a keyboard, to a mouse, to a joystick or a throttle. Once the
device is defined, select the specific key or button on the device from the Select Modifier
Button field. Once complete, press the OK button to save your new Modifier and it will
be displayed in the Modifier list window.
To remove a modifier, select it from the window and then press the REMOVE button.
With at least one modifier in the list, you can now assign a modifier to any Action from
the Add Assignment Panel.
Switches
The switches window in the right part of the Modifiers Panel works as a toggle as
opposed to the modifiers. With modifiers you must press the modifier and key
simultaneously, for example Ctrl and T. With a switch you can first activate the switch,
then press any needed keys and then turn off the switch. You can think of it as setting
a key to a mode. For example, you could assign the “E” button on the throttle as a
switch and the Hat on the stick to control the trim. In flight, you could then press “E”
one time and use the hat to trim the aircraft instead of its default function of view
panning.
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From the ADD SWITCH panel, first select the device you wish to set the switch from.
This could range from a keyboard, to a mouse, to a joystick or a throttle. Once the
device is defined, select the specific key or button on the device from the Select Switch
Button field. Once complete, press the OK button to save your new Switch and it will be
displayed in the Switch list window.
To remove a switch, select it from the window and then press the REMOVE button.
With at least one switch in the list, you can now assign a switch to any Action from the
Add Assignment Panel.
Edit Input Buttons. When creating, editing, or deleting an Action on the Main Listing
Window, the ADD, CLEAR, and DEFAULT buttons will be needed.
To add, clear or set to default an input to an Action, you first need to select the
Category that lists the desired Action. Once the Action is located, Left mouse click in the
field that intersects between the Action and the Input Device that you want to map. For
example, you may wish to change the keyboard assignment of the key that changes the
landing gear cycle. In this example you would locate the Landing Gear toggle Action
row and then left mouse click in the field where it intersects the Keyboard column.
Once selected, the field will have a white box in it.
With the Action and Input Device now selected, you can press one of three buttons:
ADD. Pressing the ADD button displays the ADD ASSIGNMENT PANEL. This panel has
the following fields:
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
Action. Displays the name of the Action as displayed in the Main Listing
Window.

Key, Button. Pressing the desired key or by moving the desired input axis, the
name of the key, button or axis will be displayed here. Additionally, you may
click on the drop down arrow and display all the possible inputs that can be
assigned to the Action manually.

Add Modifier. Use the drop down list to view all Modifiers and Switches that
can be assigned to the Action. Note that this list can be edited from the
Modifiers Panel.

Added Modifiers. Once you have added a modifier or switch, it will be
automatically listed in this field.

Currently In Use. If the assigned key or button is already in use with another
Action, the conflict will be listed here.
CLEAR. Once a field is selected, you can press the CLEAR button to remove the
assignment.
RESET. Pressing the RESET button will return the Action to its default setting.
DEFAULT. With a field selected, you can press the DEFAULT button and the originally
assigned assignment to the Action will be restored.
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Input conflict
Red conflict text appears when there are incorrect modifiers. For example, if you delete
one of the present modifiers, then all strings with this modifier will be shown in red.
Tune Input Axis. If you have assigned an input axis to an Action, you can then press
the AXIS TUNE button to adjust how the axis responds. The resulting Axis Tune Panel
window will then allow you fine control over each axis. Functions of the panel include:
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Device axis
curve
Actual axis
position
Raw axis
position
Deadzone. Allows you to create a “dead zone” in the center of the curve. Depending
on the accuracy of your joystick, you may wish to setup a deadzone value of 5-10. This
will help avoid problems when trimming the aircraft due to calibration problems. Move
the slider to the right to increase the deadzone and move to the left to decrease it. The
actual numeric value is displayed to the right of the slider.
Saturation. These sliders for both X and Y allow you to adjust the total axis travel in X
and Y and will be converted to control input. For example, if you want the entire axis
throw of a joystick to be used as input, you would set the X and Y limits to the corners
of the window (saturation levels of 100). If however you wanted to reduce the possible
input throw of a joystick by 50%, you would set the X and Y saturation levels to 50.
Curvature. Moving this slider to the right and left increases and decreases the nonlinearity of the axis curve. You can use this curve to adjust how sensitive (or
insensitive) the axis is. It is common to have a shallow curve near the deadzone to
increase the accuracy of fine control input. The actual numeric value is displayed to the
right of the slider.
Slider. Allows you to set the axis in regards to a slider and not a default curve that will
return to center when there is no input being generated from the device. For example,
you may wish to use the Slider function for the throttle axis but the standard curve axis
for a control stick.
Invert. The Invert radio button will swap the axis of the device.
User Curve. Rather than use the Curvature slider, you may select the User Curve radio
button and display 11 vertical scales that allow you to adjust input device responses.
These range for 0% input on the left side of the scale to 100% input on the right side of
the scale.
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User Curve
scales
Axis Tune. Use this drop down list to select the axis you wish to tune.
Tune Force Feedback. If you are using a force feedback joystick, you may press the
FF TUNE button to display the Force Feedback Tune Panel. This panel allows you to
adjust the trimmer force and shake of the stick.
Adjust trim
force
Adjust shake
force
To swap the force feedback axis, check the Swap Axis radio button.
At the bottom of the panel are buttons to CANCEL changes and return to the Controls
page, or OK (save) any changes and return to Controls.
Create HTML Commands. You can make an HTML list of commands for selected
aircraft. After pressing this button, it will open an explorer window with the HTML files
for all your devices.
C:\Users\<username>\Saved Games\DCS\InputLayoutsTxt\
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Gameplay Settings
The Gameplay settings tab allows you to customize how realistic you want your
simulation experience to be. Using these settings, you can have a very realistic and
challenging mission experience or a much more relaxed and casual experience with little
need for detailed systems knowledge and combat skills.
Difficulties
These difficulty options are selected as radio buttons, and when selected, the stated
option is enabled. Difficulty options include:

Game Flight Mode. Game Flight Mode greatly reduces the complexity and
challenge of flying an aircraft. When not selected, aircraft will use a more
advanced flight model system that is more authentic, but can be a challenge to
first-time-fliers. The Game Flight Mode however makes flying the aircraft much
easier and care-free.

Game Avionics Mode. We have also included gameplay mechanics for the
avionics that make the game more accessible to the casual gamer. With game
avionics mode on, target indicators are added to the display and shortcuts are
available for targeting and weapons firing. Note, when flying a mission with
Game Avionics mode on, the "Ka-50 Game" control mode will be active. With
Game Avionics mode off, the "Ka-50 Sim" control mode will be active.
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
Radio Assists. When enabled, you will get audio alerts informing you of
incoming missiles, when you are within valid weapon use parameters, and
information on the location of enemy units.

Tool Tips. When in the cockpit, you may hover your mouse over a control and a
brief note indicating the function of the control will be displayed.

Permit Crash Rcvr. Crash recovery will allow you to respawn if your aircraft is
destroyed or you eject during the mission.

Easy Communication. With Easy Communication on, the radios will
automatically tune to the selected recipient's frequency. In addition, the radio
menu will only display objects present in the mission and highlight those with
whom contact is possible. With Easy Communication off, the player has to tune
the correct radio set to the correct frequency for the desired contact and select
the correct contact out of the full radio contacts menu.

Padlock. The padlock system allows you to keep your virtual eyes locked
(padlocked) to either an air or surface point as long as the target is within visual
constraints when viewed from within the cockpit. In addition to units and the
ground, you may also padlock incoming missiles.

Labels. When enabled, labels appear next to units seen in the simulation world.
Labels are designed to allow you to more easily spot units and give important
information about them according to their range from you. The further they are
away from you will result in less information in the label. The range at which
label information is provided varies by unit type. The following table summarizes
this:
Aircraft
30 km
20 km
10 km
5 km
Label
'
+ Range to object
+ Name of object
+ Callsign of pilot
Ground
20 km
10 km
5 km
Label
`
+ Range to object
+ Name of object
Naval
40 km
20 km
10 km
Label
`
+ Range to object
+ Name of object
Weapons
20 km
10 km
5 km
Label
`
+ Range to object
+ Name of object
If you wish, you may manually adjust the labels by editing \Config\View\Labels.lua

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Unlimited Fuel. When enabled, your fuel is never expended. Note though that
with full fuel tanks, your aircraft performance will suffer in several ways due to
the increased weight.
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
Unlimited Weapons. When a weapon is expended, it will automatically be
immediately replenished when this option is checked.

Immortal. Enabling immortality will make it impossible to damage or destroy
your aircraft.

Allied Flight Reports. Enables the radio chatter of allied flights on the assigned
radio frequencies.
F10 View Options
When in the simulation and having pressed the F10 key, a map of the simulation world
will appear that shows both friendly and enemy units. You can use this view to gain an
overall view of the battlefield outside of your cockpit. Icons are depicted according to
general unit type and Blue Side units have blue icons, Red Side units have red icons,
and the player’s unit has a white icon.
The F10 View options allow you to set which elements are visible to player when viewing
the map.

MAP ONLY. No objects icons will be displayed on the map.

MY A/C. Only the player's own aircraft icon will be displayed on the map.


FOG OF WAR. Only hostile units detected by friendly units are displayed.

ALLIES ONLY. Only units of the player's coalition will be displayed on the map.

ALL. All units will be displayed on the map. Default selection.
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Cursor coordinates
and elevation
Routes
Targets
Detection Zones
Zoom In Tool
Threat Zones
Zoom Out Tool
Unit Labels
Map 100%
Distance Tool
Player Center
Game data/time and
acceleration rate window
Map Type Buttons
Unit Data
Along the top of the screen is the tool bar with the following functions from left to right:
Cursor Coordinate and elevation. As you move the mouse across the map, the
geographic coordinate of the cursor’s location and elevation is displayed in this field.
Detection Zones. When enabled, the detection zones of air defense units are
displayed as circles around the units.
Threat Zones. When enabled, zones around air defense units that indicate the
engagement range of the unit are displayed.
Unit Labels. When enabled, a label that indicates unit type is displayed next to each
unit on the map.
Distance Tool. By left mouse clicking on the map and then dragging the cursor to a
new location, a line will be drawn between the two points. Right of the Distance Tool
button will be displayed the distance of the line and next to the HDG (heading) label will
be displayed the heading from the start point to the end point of the line.
Zoom In Tool. To zoom in on the map, click this button and the cursor will become a
magnifying glass with a “+” symbol in the center. Left click on the map where you want
to zoom in to and re-center your map on. To disable this mode, you must click
this button a second time.
Zoom Out Tool. To zoom out of the map, click this button and the cursor will become
a magnifying glass with a “-” symbol in the center. Left click on the map where you
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want to zoom out from and re-center your map on. To disable this mode, you must
click this button a second time.
Map 100%. To quickly zoom the map out to its full, 100% size, press this button.
Player Center. To center the map screen on the player, press this button.
To gather more information about a unit displayed on the map, you may left click on it
and the Unit Data window will appear. The selected unit’s icon will turn yellow. This is
an information-only window that can display the following information, depending on the
unit type:

Unit type

Side

Unit callsign

Group task

Unit altitude

Unit speed

Unit heading

Unit’s current coordinates
Map Type. In the top right portion of the screen are three choices of map type. These
include:

MAP. Displays map view of world without elevation data.

ALT. Displays map view but with elevation data relief.

SAT. Displays satellite map view of world.
Additional Settings
On the right side of the screen are several more options that allow you to better
customize the gameplay options of the simulation. These include:

Editor Icon Style. When placing units and points on the map using the mission
editor, you can either use western-style (NATO) military icons or Russian-style.
Select between the two using this drop down list.

Units. Using the drop down menu, you may select either Imperial or Metric units
of measurement. This selection will determine the units of measurement used in
the Mission Editor.

Cockpit Language. If the flown aircraft has advisory messages in both English
and Russian, this options allows you to choose which to hear.

Birds. Use this slider to adjust the likelihood of bird strikes when flying at very
low altitudes. A setting of 100% represents a realistic probability of a bird strike.
Note, the simulation does not feature visible 3D birds as objects. Only the likely
damage effects (primarily engine flameout) are simulated.
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
G-Effect. Depending on the amount of G you are loading on the aircraft, the
effect of the G-force can have different effects according to the level you select
from the drop down list. Options include: None, Game, and Simulation. Note
that the G-model accounts for rapid-G onset which can be much more
demanding on the pilot (you). As such, when using the Realistic setting, ease
into the G rather than pulling very quickly.

Mini HUD. If flying Flaming Cliffs 3 aircraft, this options allows you to
enable/disable the Mini HUD that provides basic HUD symbols to always be
displayed regardless of where the view is directed.

Mirrors. Check this box to enable rear view mirrors. Note that mirrors can have
a significant effect on system performance.

Use These Options For All Missions. When checked, this option will force
any mission you fly to use the Options you personally set. If, however, this box
is unchecked, the Options used when the mission was created will be used.
Presets
In the lower left portion of the screen are the two Preset buttons. These allow you to
quickly set the gameplay options to provide either a realistic SIMULATION experience or
a GAME experience. Press either button to quickly configure your options or manually
select them to your own personal preferences.
Along the very bottom of the screen are the CANCEL button which will return you to the
Main Menu without saving any changes to Options, and the OK button which will return
you to the Main Menu page but will save your changes.
You can also exit the Options page by pressing the yellow X in the top right of the
screen.
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Audio Settings
Along the right side of the screen are the settings to control the audio environment in
the game. This is done through a combination of six sliders and two radio buttons.
The audio sliders increase volume when moved to the right and decrease when moved
to the left. Each slider is dedicated to a specific audio channel:

VOLUME. This controls the master volume of the audio settings and affects all
channels equally.

GUI. The volume of the Graphics User Interface (GUI) devices, like button clicks,
is controlled with this slider.

WORLD. The volume of audio sources outside of the cockpit.

IN COCKPIT. This slider controls the volume levels of audio sources inside your
cockpit. Examples include switches and fans.

HELMET. Use this slider to adjust volume levels that would come through the
pilot's headphones such as radio messages and warnings.

MUSIC. The volume of the music that is heard when in the menu screens is
adjusted with this slider.
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Below the sliders are two radio buttons that act as on-off switches:

RADIO SPEECH. Turn all radio speech on or off.

SUBTITLES. Turn all text subtitles on or off.
Miscellaneous
The Miscellaneous tab includes a number of additional game options.

External Views. Check this box to allow external views.

F5 Nearest AC View Allow. Check this box to allow the "F5" external padlock
to nearest aircraft view.

F10 Map View Allow. Check this box to allow the "F10" Map view.

F11 Free Camera Allow. Check this box to allow the "F11" Free Camera view.

Head Movement by G-Forces in Cockpit. Check this box to enable the
simulation of the pilot's slight head motion resulting from aircraft maneuvering in
flight.

Force Feedback Enabled. Check this box to enable force feedback effects.
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
Synchronize Cockpit Controls with HOTAS Controls at Mission Start.
When enabled, this option will set the mapped switches in the cockpit according
to their setting on your input devices.

Random System Failures. Check this box to allow randomized aircraft system
failures to occur during the mission. These failures are automatically generated
to simulate mean time between failures of different systems and are not based
on the scripted aircraft failures included as part of a mission.

Coordinate Display. Selects between Lat/Long, Lat/Long Decimal and MGRS
coordinate systems in the coordinate display windows of the ME and in-game
panels.

GUI Theme. Select background theme of the Main Menu from the drop-down
list.
Special
The Special tab includes several of dedicated module tabs.
Ka-50
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Central Position Trimmer Mode. When selected, enables the alternate
method of trim system implementation for non-force-feedback joystick devices.
Using this mode, the player's control input is unrecognized after the trimmer
button is pressed-released, until the controls are returned to a neutral position.
This prevents the player from having to quickly return the controls to neutral
after pressing-releasing the trimmer button, as is necessary using the default
trimmer implementation.
Combined Arms

Compute Firing solutions. When selected, this enables a leading cue for
current weapon system.

Platform Shake. Enables or disables the vehicle to shake when moving over
rough terrain.

Target Info. Type of locked target and range to target.
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Р-51D
Auto rudder. Auto Rudder automatically eliminates any sideslip. This assist is most
noticeable during flight.
Take-off assistance. This slider determines the value of sideslip compensation during
the taxi and take-off, as a percentage. 100% is equal to enabling the Auto Rudder
option.
The main difference between this and Auto Rudder is that it works while the aircraft is
still on ground.
P-51D Mustang note: for users using just a simple joystick, in OPTIONS/SPECIAL it is
advised that "AUTO RUDDER" and "TAKE-OFF ASSISTANCE" is chosen
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TRAINING
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TRAINING
To best help you learn how to fly the aircraft, we have created a Training module
consisting of a series of interactive training missions or pre-recorded training videos. To
enter the Training menu, select the Training button from the Main Menu screen.
Training
The Training menu is divided into the following three areas:
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Aircraft Tabs
Training Tasks
Lessons
Briefing

Aircraft Tabs. Select the aircraft you wish to train in.

Training Tasks. Training is broken down into several categories of missions
and each category is listed in this window.

Lessons. After selecting a Training Task category by left mouse clicking on it, a
list of missions within that category are listed in this window. Each of these
lessons is designed to teach a specific aspect of the selected Training Task.

Briefing. Once a Lesson has been selected by left mouse clicking on it, a text
briefing is displayed that provides an overview of the Lesson you selected.
To access the training videos you should download and install from
http://www.digitalcombatsimulator.com
Along the very bottom of the screen are the BACK button which will return you to the
Main Menu and the START button which begins the Lesson.
You can also exit the Training page by pressing the yellow X in the top right of the
screen.
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MISSION
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MISSION
Using the Mission Editor, missions can be created and then opened to play from the
Mission screen. To reach the Mission screen, click on the Mission button on the Main
Menu page.
Mission
Selecting Mission will display the Select Mission page. This window allows you to
browse your local disk(s) and select and load saved missions. Missions are stored in a
.MIZ format.
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Mission Briefing
Browser
Using standard Windows file browser functionality, you may select the DRIVE or
dedicated aircraft folder you wish to search using the DRIVE field in the top right of the
window and then select the desired mission from the folder/file listing.
Once you have selected the desired mission by left mouse button clicking on it, press
the OPEN button at the bottom of the window to load it. When the mission is selected,
any briefing written for the mission will be displayed in the left side Mission Description
window.
You may also exit the window without loading a mission by pressing the CANCEL button
at the bottom of the window or the X button in the top right corner.
Having pressed the OPEN button, you will be directed to the Mission Briefing screen. On
this screen you are presented with one or more briefing images and the data and
mission text briefing.
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Mission Detail Page Select
Mission Planner Select
Mission Briefing Text
The Mission Briefing screen consists of the following elements:

Mission Details. Each mission can consist of one or more briefing images.
These images are created by the mission designer and can consist of such
content as mission maps, target area photo, target vehicle images, etc.

Mission Detail Page Select. Use the left and right arrow buttons to cycle
between Mission Detail briefing images.

Mission Briefing Text. The scrollable text block on the right side of the screen
consists of automatically generated mission data such as sides, flight
information, and mission start times. Additionally, a textual briefing can also be
included in the Description portion.
At the bottom of the page are three additional buttons.

CANCEL. Press the cancel button to return to the Mission page. You can also
cancel the mission by pressing the yellow X in the top right corner of the page.

FLY. Press the FLY button to start the mission and enter the simulation.
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
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MISSION PLANER. Pressing the Mission Planer button will open the selected
mission in the Mission Planer and allow you to view it in detail, edit route and
weapons of your flight.
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REPLAY
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REPLAY
Every time you play a mission, a replay file of the mission is automatically recorded as a
.TRK (track) file. When viewing your mission debriefing, you can choose to save the
Replay under a different name than the default. However, if you do not and play the
same mission again, the original Replay will be overwritten.
To select a Replay file, select Replay from the Main Menu page. Note that you cannot
view Replays from the Open mission page or the Mission Editor.
Replay
Upon opening the Replay page, you are presented with a page that is very similar to the
Open mission page. This page allows you to browse your local disk(s) and select and
load saved Replay files (.TRK).
Using standard Windows file browser functionality, you may select the DRIVE you wish
to search using the DRIVE field in the top right of the window and then select the
desired Replay from the folder/file listing.
Once you have selected the desired Replay by left mouse button clicking in it, press the
OPEN button at the bottom of the window to load it. When the Replay is selected, any
briefing written for the mission that the Replay is based on will be displayed in the left
side Mission Description window.
You may also exit the window without loading a mission by pressing the CANCEL button
at the bottom of the window or the X button in the top right corner.
When saving tracks from the Debriefing menu after flying a mission, the file is saved to
the default directory: C:\Users\<User Name>\Saved Games\DCS Ka-50\Tracks.
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Briefing
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CREATE FAST MISSION
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CREATE FAST MISSION
The Create Fast Mission menu allows you to quickly setup mission scenarios to fly. The
Create Fast Mission menu is accessed by pressing the Create Fast Mission button on the
main menu.
Create Fast
Mission
Create Fast Mission has two modes: Simple and Advanced. When first opened from the
main menu, Simple mode is selected.
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Simple Mode
The Create Fast Mission (Simple mode) panel has the following settings:
AIRCRAFT. Select desired flyable aircraft.
COUNTRY. Specifies the country the player will fly for.
START FROM. Specifies where the player will start from.

Airborne. Player’s aircraft will appear in the air.

From Runway. Player’s aircraft will be located on the runway closest to the
combat area and ready for takeoff.

From Ramp. Player’s aircraft will be located in the aircraft parking area of the
runway closest to the combat area and require a cold start.

Random. Randomly selects one of the above 3 options.
DIFFICULTY. Specifies mission difficulty level.

Easy. The mission will contain few enemy units with low skills.

Medium. The mission will contain average number of enemy units with average
skills.
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Hard. The mission will contain high number of enemy units with high skills.
THEATER OF WAR. Specifies the theater of operation.

Caucasus. The mission will take place in Caucasus region (Russia, Georgia,
Abkhazia, South Osetia).
SEASON. Specifies the time of the year.

Summer.

Winter.

Fall.

Spring.

Random. Specifies any one of the above seasons.
WEATHER. Specifies the weather in the mission.
START TIME. Mission start time.

Random.

Time. Specifies the time in 24-hour format (HH:MM).
ADVANCED MODE. Switches to the Fast Create Mission (Advanced mode) menu.
FLY. Generates the mission and opens to the mission briefing window.
CANCEL. Exits to the main menu.
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Advanced Mode
The Fast Create Mission (Advanced mode) menu consists of four main panels: OPTIONS,
FORCES, BATTLE LOCATION and BRIEFING.
Options
This section allows you to set all the settings from the Simple Mode described above.
Forces
This section allows you to set force balance between Blue and Red coalitions.
It contains 6 force types and each can have one of 5 balance settings:

No. The set force type will not be present in the mission.

Min. Minimum level.

Med. Medium level.

Max. Maximum level.

Random. Random selection among Min, Mid or Max.
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The number of units in each category is set according to unit type:

ATTACK PLANES. Sets the number of attack planes such as Su-25 or A-10.

FIGHTER PLANES. Sets the number of fighter planes such as Su-27, Mig-29, F15.

HELICOPTERS. Sets the number of helicopters such as Ka-50, Mi-24, AH-64.

AAA. Sets the number of Anti-Aircraft Artillery units such as ZU-23, ZSU-23,
Vulcan.

SAM. Sets the number of SAM units such as M6, Hawk, Stinger, Igla, Osa, Buk,
Strela-1.

VEHICLES. Sets number of vehicles such as tanks, BMP’s, BTR’s, trucks.
The tactical dynamics of combat between Red and Blue forces will depend on the
settings in this section.
Battle Location
This panel allows you to choose the general location of combat. To specify the area
simply click on it using the mouse.
Briefing
The Briefing windows will display the mission briefing once the mission is generated.
Two buttons are located under the briefing text area:

GENERATE MISSION. Generates the mission.

EDIT MISSION. Opens the full mission editor that allows you to fine-tune the
generated mission.
Two buttons are located at the bottom of the screen:

CANCEL. Exits to the main menu.

FLY. Starts the mission.
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MISSION EDITOR
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MISSION EDITOR
The Mission Editor (ME) of allows you to create stand-alone missions, campaign
missions, training missions, and multiplayer missions. The ME consists of the following
primary elements:
1. Interactive mapping system
2. Unit placement tools
3. Weather editor
4. File management system
5. Goal creation tool
6. Trigger system tool
Starting the Mission Editor
Located on the Main Menu screen is the EDITOR button. Place your mouse over the
button and left click. You will then be directed to the ME after a brief loading screen.
Mission
Editor
The Mission Editor Map and Navigation
The ME is divided into four primary areas:

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World Map. This area of the screen forms the majority of the screen and
displays the topographic map, units, routes, and other mission elements.
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Mission and Map Bar. Along the bottom of the screen is the Mission and Map
Bar and this provides you information on cursor location on the World Map as
well as mission name and current time.
System Bar. Along the top of the screen is the System Bar, and from here you
control file management, access the campaign editor, the encyclopedia, credits,
enable track recording, and duplicate several functions from the Tool Bar.
Tool Bar. The Tool Bar, along the left side of the screen, provides you a large
assortment of tools that allow you to create a mission and modify what is
displayed on the World Map.
Each of these areas will be discussed in more detail below.
Tool Bar
World Map
System Bar
Mission and Map Bar
The World Map
The World Map consists of the Black Sea region with detailed terrain along the eastern
edge. While other areas of the map are represented, they are not as fully detailed as
the eastern areas. Using the Options menu (described later), you may filter the data
that is displayed on the map such as urban areas, rivers, roads, etc.
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Navigating the Map
A right mouse button hold while moving the mouse will pan the view and rotating the
mouse wheel controls the zoom level. Selecting an object or unit is done by clicking
with the left mouse button. To zoom in on a specific location on the map, place the
cursor over the desired location and rotate the mouse wheel forward.
The Mission and Map Bar
Located along the bottom of the screen is the Mission and Map Bar. This is an
informative bar that tells you the name of the loaded mission, cursor position and
altitude within the World Map, map scale, map mode, and the current time according to
your Windows settings (not mission time).
Cursor Altitude
Mission Name
Cursor Coordinate
Map Scale
Real Time
Mode
Note that the coordinates and altitude are controlled according to the position of your
mouse on the World Map. These numbers will change dynamically as your move your
mouse and correspond to the real life coordinates and altitude of the topography. This
can be a useful tool when trying to determine the coordinates of an objective for a
mission briefing. Cursor displayed altitude may be set to either feet or meters,
depending on your Options/Gameplay/Units setting. The coordinate display can be
toggled between Lat/Long, Lat/Long Decimal and MGRS, depending on your
Options/Misc/Coordinate Display setting.
With no Tool Bar functions open, the Mode field will default to PAN/SELECT. However,
when you select tools such as ADD HELICOPTERS, ADD ZONE, etc., the selected mode
will be indicated here. Possible modes include:

ADD PLANE

ADD HELI

ADD SHIP

ADD VEHICLE

ADD STATIC

ADD ZONE

TAPE

ADD TEMPLATE
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Note that “New Mission” will appear in the Mission Name field until you save a newly
created mission.
The System Bar
Located along the top of the screen is the System Bar. The System Bar consists of
several pull down menus. These are: FILE, EDIT, FLIGHT, CAMPAIGN, CUSTOMIZE,
MISSION GENERATOR and MISC. To select one of these pull down menus, place your
mouse over the text and left mouse click.
The System Bar pull down menus provide the following functions:
File
The File functions provide you basic file management of missions. These include:
NEW. Selecting New will allow you to exit the current mission loaded and start a new
one from scratch. Before proceeding though, a consent message box is provided to you
so that you do not accidentally lose a mission you are working on. After creating a new
mission, you will be displayed the THEATER OF WAR and COALITIONS window. This
window allows you to define a map and what countries (factions) will be assigned to one
of the two sides. Unassigned countries will not take part in the mission. In the left side
window all unassigned factions are listed; in the top right window the RED side factions
are listed; and in the lower right window all BLUE side factions are listed. To move a
faction, left click on the desired faction and then press either the left or right arrow
button to move it between the unassigned window and a side window or press the up
and down arrows to move the faction to the other side directly.
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At the bottom of the window are three buttons. The SAVE button allows you to save the
current faction distribution and will be set as the default. The OK button will use the
current distribution for the mission but will not save it as the default, and the CANCEL
button will close the window without applying any changes. You may also close the
window by clicking on the X button in the top right corner.
Note: When creating missions, it is up to you to decide who will be allied with whom.
You are free to create realistic alliances or make very fanciful ones. We leave it to you
to decide.
OPEN. Selecting Open will display the Open Mission window. This window allows you
to browse your dedicated mod folders or local disk(s) and select and load saved
missions.
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Using standard Windows file browser functionality, you may select the DRIVE you wish
to search using the DRIVE field in the top right of the window and then select the
desired mission from the folder/file listing. Once you select a mission file, the path to
that file is displayed in the PATH field and the name of the mission file is displayed in
the FILE field. Note that mission files are assigned a .miz extension.
Once you have selected the desired mission file, press the OK button at the bottom of
the window to load it. You may also exit the window without loading a mission or track
file by pressing the CANCEL button at the bottom of the window or the X button in the
top right corner.
SAVE AS. The Save As function operates much like the Open Mission window but it
allows you save a mission file and give it a unique name. The primary difference is that
you may overwrite the name in the FILE field as you wish and save the file under that
name. To do so, erase the current name and type in the name you wish. You may then
use the browser functions to determine where you wish to save the file. Once complete,
you must press the OK button to complete the save.
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EXIT. Pressing Exit will close the ME and return you to the Main Menu.
Edit
The EDIT pull down provides you a second means of accessing the most important
mission construction tools: ADD AIRPLANE, ADD HELICOPTER, ADD SHIP, ADD
VEHICLE, ADD STATIC, ADD TEMPLATE, and REMOVE. These tools are duplicated on
the Tool Bar and we will discuss them there in detail.
Flight
The Flight menu allows you start a loaded mission to play or start the mission to setup
the player's aircraft avionics in PREPARE MISSION mode. This menu also allows you to
convert a recorded (track) mission into an AVI video file and access the REPLAY menu
for track playback.
FLY MISSION. Selecting this option will close the ME, load the mission into the
simulation, and then start the simulation. The loading time of a mission will vary
according to the number of units in the mission, the amount of scripting, and how much
RAM your computer has.
PREPARE MISSION. The PREPARE MISSION mode is used for integrating navigation
and environment data into the saved mission file. When near the end of creating a
mission, you can start the mission in the PREPARE MISSION mode (it will look much like
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usual FLY MISSION start) and configure various avionics in the cockpit. Your avionics
settings can then be saved and will start in the saved states whenever other players
open the mission.
The following avionics settings can be saved using the PREPARE MISSION function.
Ka-50

ADF channel frequencies

Satellites

Additional ABRIS data

Navigation database

ABRIS routes
To save custom frequency settings for the ADF channels, edit the ARK.lua file prior to
running the Mission Prepare function. The ARK.lua file can be found in:
\\Mods\aircrafts\Ka-50\Cockpit\Scripts\ARK\ARK.lua.
A-10C

CDU. All setting except a mission editor flight plan that can't be changed.

IFFCC. The block of test menu.

MFCD. Lower OSB buttons functionality.

SADL. Network user ID, callname etc. (NET page)

TAD. Profiles.

TGP. Laser codes, integration, calibration method, gain settings, TAAF altitude.

DSMS. Mission Control Page settings. Weapon profiles.
Once your avionics are setup as desired for the mission, exit the mission and press the
SAVE button in the ME once again to save all of the prepared data in the mission file.
NOTE for mission makers:
If you use prepare mission mode, please indicate in the briefing that the player should
not use the mission planner. If he'll change the route or weapons for the mission, the
avionics scripts saved in the mission file using prepare mission will conflict with the new
settings.
If you want to give the player the freedom of action to the use the mission planner, do
not use mission prepare mode.
RECORD AVI. This option allows you to convert a Track file (which can only be viewed
in the game) to an AVI video file that can be viewed by anyone using video playback
software.
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Once a Track file has been created, you may load the file into this tool and then set the
video quality of the AVI video output. A few notes:

Because the AVI tools render the Track file frame by frame and NOT in real-time,
you can create an AVI with higher or lower frame rates than when the track was
originally recorded.

The higher the video quality and longer the recording, the longer it will take to
render the AVI. Setting the FPS slider too high will also lengthen the time it
takes. Please note that rendering long, high-quality AVIs can be a very time
consuming process.

Once the AVI is created, you may then play it back outside of the game or
convert and compress it with other codecs.

Using the START and FINISH fields, you can create an AVI out of just one part of
a larger Track file.
Track Select
Record Start and End Time
Video and Audio Codecs to
Use
Video quality
AVI Folder
AVI File Name
Frame Rate Play Back
AVI Resolution
AVI Aspect Ratio
Campaign Editor
The Campaign Editor is what we term a Staged Campaign System (SCS). We will
describe the functionality of the Campaign Editor in detail in the Campaign Editor
chapter.
Customize
The Customize menu allows you to configure a number of map display options and set
gameplay options for the mission.
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Mission Options
The Mission Options menu can be used to lock certain gameplay options for the
particular mission loaded. When the "USE THESE OPTIONS FOR ALL MISSIONS" checkbox is unchecked in the Options\Gameplay menu, the locked mission options will
override the settings in the main Options. However, when the "USE THESE OPTIONS
FOR ALL MISSIONS" check-box is checked, the settings in the main Options screen will
take priority.
Along the left side of the window are the ENFORCE buttons. Checking an ENFORCE
button will force the settings of this option on the player of the mission.
Along the right side of the window are the VALUE buttons. VALUE buttons operate as
on/off variables. When checked, the options will be forced ON. When unchecked, the
option will be forced OFF.
From the left side of the Mission Options window, you may select the following mission
options to enforce:
PERMIT CRASH RCVR. If your aircraft is destroyed during a mission or you eject, you
may respawn in an undamaged aircraft.
EXTERNAL VIEWS. When Enabled, external views are allowed.
F10 VIEW OPTIONS. When enabled, you may select one of the mutually exclusive
radio buttons:

MAP ONLY. Map only view. No aircraft, vehicles or ships are displayed.

MY A/C. Only your aircraft.

ALLIES. Only your aircraft and allied units.
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ALL. All units from both sides are displayed.
PADLOCK. When enabled, you press the padlock enable key to keep your eyes on the
vehicle or ground point in the center of your view.
UNLIMITED FUEL. When enabled, fuel will not deplete from your aircraft. Note that
you will always have 100% fuel when this is selected.
UNLIMITED WEAPONS. When enabled, expended weapons will automatically be
replenished.
RADIO ASSIST. When enabled, you are provided voice cues regarding approaching
threats, when you fall within valid weapon launch parameters, and launch warnings.
TOOL TIPS. When enabled and when you hover your mouse over a control in the
cockpit (button, switch, dial, or lever), you will be shown a brief tool tip of the function
of the control.
IMMORTAL. When enabled your aircraft cannot be destroyed or even damaged.
LABELS. When enabled, you can display easy-to-spot labels about friendly and enemy
units. Close units will display the unit type name and the range from you. Units at
medium range will only show the range to unit. Units at long range will only be marked
with a tic-mark.
GAME FLIGHT MODE. Easy flight makes the aircraft much easier to fly when enabled
and more analogous to an arcade game.
GAME AVIONICS MODE. This option allows simple targeting, an all-seeing sensor,
and additional threat warnings. For a detailed explanation of Easy Avionics mode,
please consult the Options/Gameplay portion of this manual.
SCENES. When enabled, there are three levels of scenes you can choose from. Scenes
consist of the object population on the map which consists of buildings, trees, power
lines, etc. Your scene setting can have a big impact on how smooth your gamepaly is.
If you have choppy gameplay, you may wish to lower this setting. Possible settings
include LOW, MEDIUM, and HIGH.
CIV TRAFFIC. When enabled, the world can be populated by moving cars, trucks and
trains throughout the detailed world area. If enabled, possible settings include OFF,
LOW, MEDIUM, and HIGH.
G-EFFECT. When enabled, you may select the level of G-effect. Possible settings
include: NONE, GAME, and SIMULATION.
BIRDS. This adjust the probability of a bird strikes when flying at altitude below 200
meters. 100% is the realistic bird strike probability setting. 0% - no birds. 1000% - the
bird strike probability multiplier 10 times.
Map Options
The Map Options selection from Customization allows you to filter the information that is
displayed on the World Map as layers.
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Filter Layer List
The majority of this window consists of the map filter window. Each item on the list has
a check box, that when checked, displays the map data on the ME World Map. Filter
items include:

AIRFIELDS. Airport icons that orient in the correct runway direction.

BUILDINGS. Individual buildings that are visible at low scales. This is OFF by
default.

ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION. High tension power line towers and
cables.

FORESTS. Large stands of trees. Note the trees in and around urban areas are
not indicated.

GEOGRAPHICAL GRID. Latitude and longitude lines.

ISOLINES. Continuous lines around terrain relief to indicate elevation change.

MGRS GRID. Display MGRS coordinate grid over the map.

RAILWAYS. Display the railway system.

RIVERS. Small rivers and streams.

ROADS. Small and major road network.

TOWNS. Urban areas are indicated as orange shaded areas and when at small
map scales, individual buildings are indicated.

USER OBJECTS. Any objects placed on the map by the user.
Airport Icons
Helipad. The temporary place of deployment of Army aviation.
Field airdrome (not present in game)
General aviation airfield (not present in game)
Third class airdrome. 1200…1700 meters runway (not present in game)
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Second class airdrome. 1800…2400 meter runway.
First class airdrome. 2500…3000 meter runway.
To close the window, click the X button in the top right corner of the window.
Mission Generator
The Mission Generator selection opens the Mission Generator menu. The Mission
Generator is a powerful tool, which can be used to create battle scenarios throughout
the entire map. The Mission Generator creates missions for the Create Fast Mission
application. Using the Mission Generator menu of the mission editor, you can edit or
create new possible mission generation options for Create Fast Mission. The Mission
Generator pull-down menu includes the following four items: GENERATE, NODES,
TEMPLATES, and SAVE.

GENERATE. Opens the Fast Create Mission (Advanced Mode) menu to generate
a mission.

NODES. Opens the Mission Nodes panel and displays all default node templates
on the map. This menu can be used to create new nodes or edit/remove default
ones. Nodes define where blue and red forces can be spawned on the map.

TEMPLATES. Opens the Templates Editor panel. This menu can be used to
create new templates or edit/remove default ones. Templates are used to edit
the unit types, numbers, and formations used when populating nodes.

SAVE. Clicking SAVE will save the settings of all nodes and templates.
Misc
The Misc customization consists of two items: the Encyclopedia which is described
further in this manual, and the game credits.
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The Tool Bar
When creating a mission, the Tool Bar will probably be the most important tool you will
be using. This bar provides quick access to common actions like unit placement,
creating triggers, setting trigger zones, setting goals, and file management.
Create New Mission
Open Mission
Save Mission
Create Briefing
Weather Tool
Set Triggers
Set Mission Goals
Battlefield Commanders
Place Airplane Group
Place Helicopter Group
Mission Options
Enter Simulation
Place Naval Group
Place Ground Vehicle Group
Place Static Object
Create IP Navigation Point
Edit Bullseye Locations
Create Area Trigger Zone
Create Template
Area Trigger Zone List
Unit List
Delete Unit/Object
Map Options
Distance Tool
Close Editor
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The below sections will review each of these Tool Bar elements in detail.
Create New Mission
Selecting Create New Mission will allow you to exit the current mission loaded and start
a new one from scratch as mentioned in the File part of The System Bar chapter.
Open Mission
Selecting Open will display the Open Mission window. This window allows you to
browse your local disk(s) and select and load saved missions. See description in the File
part of The System Bar chapter.
Save Mission
The Save As function. See description in the File part of The System Bar chapter.
Create Briefing
Upon selecting the Create Briefing button, the BRIEFING window will be displayed on
the right side of the screen. From this window you can create the general mission
briefing, individual briefings for Red and Blue sides, set briefing images for Red and Blue
sides, and determine the starting time of the mission.
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At the top of the window is the SORTIE. Here you may enter a name/title for the
mission. When you open the mission briefing to play it, this text will appear in the Title
field.
Next is the RED coalition field and this will automatically list the factions assigned to the
red coalition.
Below that is the BLUE coalition field and this will automatically list the factions assigned
to the blue coalition.
Below the data fields is the PICTURE field, which consists of two boxes that allow you to
assign unique briefing images for Red and Blue sides. To add a red side briefing image,
click on the red + and to add a blue side briefing image, click the blue +. Upon doing
so, a file/folder browser will be displayed (much like the open and save dialogs), and
from here you may select an image file. From the TYPE drop down you can select the
image format: .jpg, .png, .gif, or .tga. The image should be 512x512 pixels and the
content can be of your choosing. For example, you may wish to include an image of the
flight route, target area, specific target, or a unit type. Note that when in the simulation
you can press the Print Screen button to capture an image that will be deposited in your
Screen Shots folder. From there you may use an image editor to crop it, resize it, and
annotate it. Once you select the image, a small version of it will be displayed in the box
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on the Briefing tool window. To remove a briefing image, press either the red or blue X
buttons.
In the START field, you may edit the start time of the mission in hour : minutes :
seconds / day format. Note that the mission start time will be used as the default
starting time for all groups placed on the map. You can change a group's starting time
using the group properties panels (described in detail further). Also note, the calendar
starts with June 1st as day 0. For example, to set the mission date to July 1, set the day
value to 30. To set the mission date to November 1, set the day value to 153. The
default starting time for all missions is 12:00:00/0 (12:00 pm, June 1st). Changing the
starting time and date will affect the position and motion of the sun, moon and stars to
correspond to the time of day and year set.
Note: If you wish to adjust the darkness of night missions, you can adjust
the mission start date to a date when the moon is less visible.
The three text boxes that comprise the lower portion of the window allow you to enter a
general mission briefing and individual briefings for Red and Blue sides (handy for
multiplayer missions). Enter text in the SITUATION box and this text will appear in the
SITUATION field when the mission briefing is displayed. Enter text in the RED TASK and
BLUE TASK boxes to have unique text for each side that will be displayed in the
OBJECTIVE field of each mission briefing.
Weather Tool
The weather tool panel provides two options for setting the weather for the mission:
Standard weather and Dynamic weather.
1. Standard weather. Standard static weather formed by user settings.
2. Dynamic weather. Weather formed by differences in the atmospheric pressure
and dynamically changing during the mission.
Standard weather
The weather panel is divided into six functional sections: Season, Clouds and
Atmosphere, Wind, Turbulence, Fog, and Weather Templates.
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Standard and Dynamic
weather checkboxes
Season setting
Clouds and
Atmosphere settings
Wind settings
Turbulence settings
Fog settings
Weather Templates
SEASON. The top of the window consist of the Season section and allows you to set
the season the mission will take place in, and the sea level air temperature (in Celsius).
The left side drop down menu allows you to select from the four seasons: Summer,
Winter, Spring, and Fall. The primary effect of changing the season will be to change
how the terrain looks in the simulation. Additionally, many ground vehicles will have
matching camouflage for the set season.
The right side field allows you to set the sea level temperature of the mission. The value
can be changed by either using the left and right arrows or manually typing the value
into the field. Note that air temperature will affect aircraft performance.
CLOUDS AND ATMOSPHERE. This section allows you to define the cloud environment
of the mission. Note that the cloud environment for the mission will be static and does
not change during the course of the mission. From top to bottom, the cloud settings
consist of the following controls:

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BASE. Defines the altitude above sea level that will form the bottom of the cloud
layer. This can be set between 300 and 5,000 meters and is indicated in the
right-side field. Use the left and right arrows to change the value or drag the
slider bar in the left field.
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
THICKNESS. Defines cloud layer thickness from the base level. For example, if
the Base were set at 2,000 meters and the Thickness was set to 1,000 meters,
you would have clouds between 2,000 and 3,000 meters above sea level. Note
that thickness only applies to a solid cloud deck (Density 9 and 10) and not
scattered clouds (Density 1 through 8). The cloud layer thickness can be
adjusted using the left and right arrows or the slider bar. The selected thickness
is displayed in the right side field in meters.

DENSITY. The Density defines the population density of clouds in the mission.
Note that cloud cover is uniform throughout the simulation world. Density is
according to a 0 to 10 scale. 0 defines no clouds; 1 through 8 defines scattered
clouds with increasing levels of density; and 9 and 10 define a solid cloud layer
deck (overcast). Use the left and right arrows to select the desired density
setting.

PRECPTNS (Precipitations). The precipitation drop down menu allows you to set
what type, if any, of precipitation will fall during the mission. Choices include:
None, Rain, Thunderstorm, Snow, and Snowstorm. The selections will vary
according to the selected season, temperature and cloud density.

QNH. Also referred to as “Q Code”, this value sets the barometric air pressure in
the mission. This is in reference to mmHg (millimeters of mercury) with Russian
altimeters.
WIND. Rather than a single wind direction and speed, the wind function allows you to
set three distinct wind altitude bands: sea level, 2,000 meters, and 8,000 meters. These
are indicated by the three lines within the Wind section of the Weather Tool. To set the
speed in meters per-second (m/s), use the left and right arrows. Note that wind will be
as a constant force without gusting. To the right of the wind speed setting is the wind
direction setting. This can be set in two ways. The first is to click on the radial dial to
denote the direction you want the wind to blow in (North is indicated as the top of the
dial). The second option is to input the value using the left and right arrow buttons. The
set direction that wind will blow in is indicated in the right field in degrees. For example,
when set to 0 degrees (due north), the wind in the mission will blow from the south to
the north.
TURBULENCE. You may set air turbulence at 0.1 m/s increments at ground level.
Turbulence will then decrease as altitude increases.
FOG. The fog setting controls:

FOG ENABLE. Set fog on or off.

VISIBILITY. Visibility in meters of objects obscured by fog.

THICKNESS. Use the scroll bar or left and right arrows to set how thick the fog
layer will be. A 0 (zero) setting denotes sea level. For example, setting a value
of 50 would place a uniform fog layer in the simulation world from 0 to 50
meters from sea level.
WEATHER TEMPLATES. Rather than require you to create weather conditions each
time you create a mission, the editor provides you the means to load saved weather
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templates and even modify them. These can be useful tools to save time when creating
missions for a campaign. The Weather Template section has the following elements:

Template List. On the left side of the template section is a drop down list of
saved weather templates. To select a template, you must left mouse click on it.
Once selected, you will then need to click the LOAD button to load the template
into the Weather settings tool.

LOAD selected template button. Once you have selected a weather template
from the template list, press this button to load the template into the Weather
settings tool.

SAVE button. If after loading a template you change its settings, you may then
click the SAVE button to save those changes to the template.

REMOVE button. To remove a template from the Template List, select the
template and then click the REMOVE button.
Dynamic weather
The Dynamic Weather panel is divided into five functional sections: Season, Dynamic
Weather, Turbulence, Fog, and Weather Templates.
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Using the dynamic weather panel, you can create a weather system (areas of different
atmospheric pressures), which will result in dynamic wind and cloud generation in the
mission.
SEASON. The top of the window consist of the Season section and allows you to set
the season the mission will take place in, and the sea level air temperature (in Celsius).
The left side drop down menu allows you to select from the four seasons: Summer,
Winter, Spring, and Fall. The primary effect of changing the season will be to change
how the terrain looks in the simulation. Additionally, many ground vehicles will have
matching camouflage for the set season.
The right side field allows you to set the sea level temperature of the mission. The value
can be changed by either using the left and right arrows or manually typing the value
into the field. Note that air temperature will affect aircraft performance.
DYNAMIC WEATHER. Settings of the dynamic weather system parameters.

BARIC SYSTEM. Selection between cyclone (low pressure systems),
anticyclone (high pressure systems) or none.

SYSTEMS QUANTITY. Quantity of baric systems on the map.

PRESSURE DEVIATION. Pressure deviation in the center of the selected
pressure system from ISA International Standard Atmosphere, in Pascals.
GENERATE. Generate a randomized weather system using the set parameters.
Clouds and winds are generated on the entire map dynamically in the mission according
to the type, locations and pressure deviations of the pressure systems. Wind conditions
evolve during the mission according to the changes in the pressures and locations of the
pressure systems.
TURBULENCE. You may set air turbulence at 0.1 m/s increments at ground level.
Turbulence will then decrease as altitude increases.
Fog Setting. The fog setting controls:

FOG ENABLE. Set fog on or off.

VISIBILITY. Visibility in meters of objects obscured by fog.

THICKNESS. Use the scroll bar or left and right arrows to set how thick the fog
layer will be. A 0 (zero) setting denotes sea level. For example, setting a value
of 50 would place a uniform fog layer in the simulation world from 0 to 50
meters from sea level.
Weather Templates. Rather than require you to create weather conditions each time
you create a mission, the editor provides you the means to load saved weather
templates and even modify them.
At the bottom of the window are the OK and CANCEL buttons. Press the OK button to
save weather changes to the mission and close the window, or press the CANCEL button
to close the window without saving any weather changes. You can also cancel the
window by pressing the yellow X in the top right corner of the window.
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Set Triggers
An important part of making a good mission is the ability to script actions during the
mission that lead to a more immersive experience for the player. By setting actions that
respond to the player and other AI units in an intelligent manner, the simulated
battlefield can have a much more interactive and interesting environment. Such actions
could be the activation of units, text, and voice messages, or setting a flag state. The
conditions that are used to trigger such actions can range from units going in and out of
defined areas of the map, units being destroyed or damaged, specified times, flag
states, and even random states. Using these tools and an active imagination, you can
create your own engaging missions that no automatic mission generator can match.
The missions and campaigns use the same scripting system.
The trigger system is not an "event" type system, but rather a "condition" type system;
this means that a trigger does not occur when something occurs, but rather when a
condition becomes TRUE.
Setting a trigger condition is a three step process:
1. Create a NEW trigger
2. Create the condition(s) for the trigger
3. Create the action(s) that will result from the trigger when the condition(s) are
true.
Trigger List
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Upon selecting the set Triggers button, the TRIGGERS window will appear. There are
three primary elements to creating a mission trigger and each has its own pane in the
window:
Triggers List
This left-most pane is used to create new triggers and list existing ones. In the triggers
listing pane, each trigger will be listed as a Type of trigger and then the name of the
trigger in parenthesis. For example: “ONCE (Set Area 01)”.
At the bottom of the trigger list pane are four controls that allow you to manage your
triggers.
NEW button. Press the NEW button to create a new trigger. When you create a new
trigger, you will need to set the TYPE and give it a unique name that briefly describes its
function. Be careful in naming your triggers so that there is not mass-confusion when
you have a long list of triggers!
DELETE button. Press the DELETE button to remove a trigger from the list. You will
first need to click on the trigger you wish to remove before pressing the DELETE button.
TYPE drop down field. Using this drop down, you can set when and how the trigger
event will be cued. For example, you may want the trigger to only happen once, or you
may want it to happen each time defined conditions are met. You have four options:
1. ONCE. The trigger will be executed only once after the condition is evaluated
as true. Once set as true, the condition is removed from memory. For example,
if you want a message to show only the first time an aircraft enters an area, you
would use the ONCE option.
Trigger Behavior:
Condition: Evaluated Continuously, until it is evaluated as "True". Then removed
from the list of evaluations.
Action: Activated Once, when condition is "true".
Example:
You want to spawn a AAA backup-group when another Armor-group is dead.

Add a "ONCE" Trigger.

Add a "Group Dead" condition and select the Armored-group that must
be dead.

Add a "Activate Group" and select the AAA-group you want to activate.
The group being activated will be activated once when the first group is dead.
Hint: Remember to set the AAA-group to 23-hours of delay, so it stays inactive
until activated.
2. CONTINUOUS ACTION. The Continuous Action trigger checks the trigger's
conditions each second. Each second the conditions return true, the actions are
performed; each second the conditions are false, no action is not performed.
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Trigger-Behavior:
Condition: Evaluated Continuously.
Action: Repeated every time as long as the conditions stays "True".
Example:
You want to set up a (short) alarm-sound after a group of units have entered a
Zone.

Add a "CONTINUOUS ACTION" trigger.

Add a "Unit in Zone" condition, select the appropriate unit and zone to
enter.

Add a "Sound" action, select the <nnn-sound> in the sound browser.
The sound will now replay every 1 second after the unit has entered the Zone.
3. SWITCHED CONDITION. The trigger will perform the set action(s) every
time the trigger's condition is checked and evaluated as true and its previous
state was false. For example, such a trigger can be used to show a text
message whenever a particular unit enters a trigger zone. The first time the unit
enters the zone, the trigger action will be activated, because the previous check
of the trigger conditions was evaluated as false (unit was not in zone). The
trigger will not activate any longer as long as the unit is inside the zone, because
the previous check of the trigger conditions will be evaluated as true (unit
remains inside zone). However, if the unit exists the zone and then re-enters it
again, the conditions will have once again switched from false to true and the
trigger action will be activated.
Trigger Behavior:
Condition: Evaluated Continuously.
Action: Repeatable, Once per condition-set changes from "False" -> "True".
Actions will be performed again on the next "Switched state-change".
Example:
You want to perform a action each time a unit enters a zone. This differs from
them "being in a zone".

Add a "SWITCHED CONDITION" trigger.

Add a "Unit In Zone" condition, select a unit and zone to check.

Add a "Message" of "A unit is trespassing our Zone!"
Now each time the unit enters the Zone you will get the message Once. The unit
needs to leave and reenter the Zone again to show the message again.
4. MISSION START. The trigger will only be checked at mission start. For
example, if you wanted to set multiple units to a random activation, you would
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use this option to evaluate this condition and determine which units are included
in the mission according to the set percentage.
Trigger Behavior:
Condition: Evaluated Once, at mission startup.
Action: Performed Once, at mission startup.
Example:
You want to activate a random group at startup of the mission.

Add a "MISSION START" Trigger.

Add a "RANDOM" condition, set it to 10%

Add a "Activate group" action, select the group you want to give 10%
chance.
NAME field. Manually enter the name of the trigger in this field.
EVENT field. Setting an event for a trigger limits the trigger's conditions to being
evaluated only when the set events occur. With no event set, trigger conditions are
evaluated once per second throughout the duration of the mission, unless already
expired and removed from memory. In a trigger-heavy mission, this can cost
considerable CPU cycles and affect gameplay performance. Setting triggers to events
can reduce the CPU workload and also provide some unique trigger mechanisms. The
following events are available:

ON DESTROY. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever any unit is destroyed.

ON SHOT. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever any weapon is fired.

ON CRASH. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever the player crashes.

ON EJECT. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever the player ejects.

ON REFUEL. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever the player begins to air
refuel.

ON REFUEL STOP. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever the player stops
to air refuel.

ON PILOT DEAD. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever the player is killed.

ON BASE CAPTURED. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever an airbase or
FARP is captured.

ON TAKE CONTROL. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever the player
takes control of an aircraft.

ON FAILURE. Trigger's conditions are evaluated whenever the player's aircraft
suffers a system failure.
CLONE button. Used to create an identical copy of the selected trigger in the list.
Up and Down arrows. Used to move a trigger up and down in the list.
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Conditions
Once you have created a trigger, you will then need to set the conditions that govern
when the trigger will be set to true or false. To do so, you first need to click on the
trigger you want to set conditions for by clicking on it from the trigger list. Upon doing
so, press the NEW button below the CONDITIONS pane.
NEW button. Press the NEW button to create a new condition for the selected trigger.
Please note that you can create multiple conditions for a single trigger! When you
create a new condition, you will need to set the TYPE and define additional data that
varies according to the TYPE. Each new condition you create will be listed in the
condition pane list.
DELETE button. Press the DELETE button to remove a condition from the list. You will
first need to click on the condition you wish to remove before pressing the DELETE
button.
TYPE drop down field. Using this drop down, you can set a condition type for the
trigger. There are 50 types of conditions you can use. Conditions include:

ALL OF COALITION IN ZONE. When creating a Trigger Zone, you can set a
trigger to true when all of the set coalition units (aircrafts, vehicles, ships) are
inside a defined trigger zone. Upon selecting this condition, two new fields will
be displayed. The COALITION drop down menu allows you to select the
coalition that when inside the selected trigger zone will set the condition to true.
The ZONE drop down will list all the trigger zones you have created according to
the names you created for them.

ALL OF COALITION OUT OF ZONE. This condition works the same as the ALL
OF COALITION IN ZONE, but the condition will be set to true when the all
coalition's units are outside the defined zone.

ALL OF GROUP IN ZONE. When creating a Trigger Zone, you can set a trigger
to true when all units of the set group are inside a defined trigger zone. The
GROUP drop down menu allows you to select the group that when inside the
selected trigger zone will set the condition to true. The ZONE drop down will list
all the trigger zones you have created according to the names you created for
them.

ALL OF GROUP OUT OF ZONE. This condition works the same as the ALL OF
GROUP IN ZONE, but the condition will be set to true when the all group's units
are outside the defined zone.

COALITION HAS AIRDROME. If the set coalition has captured set airfield,
the action(s) will be activated.
All airfields with no aircraft assigned for take-off or landing and with no ground
units of either coalition within a 2,000 m. radius are neutral. Any ground unit
present within a 2,000 m. radius of an airfield will capture the airfield for the
coalition of the ground unit. If ground units of both coalitions are present within
a 2,000 m. radius of an airfield, the airfield is contested and not assigned to
either coalition. In cases when armed ground units of one coalition are present
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within a 2,000 m. radius of an airfield at the same time as unarmed ground units
of the other coalition, the coalition of the armed units will capture the airfield.

COALITION HAS HELIPAD. If the set coalition has captured set FARP, the
action(s) will be activated.
Note, FARP capture rules are identical to airfield capture rules (see above).

FLAG EQUALS. This condition checks whether the value of a set flag is equal to
the set value.

FLAG EQUALS FLAG. This conditions checks whether the value of one set flag
is equal to the value of another set flag.

FLAG IS FALSE. When selected, a FLAG field is displayed below. By either
using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, set the flag number that
when set to false will set the condition to false.

FLAG IS LESS. When selected, FLAG and VALUE fields are displayed below. By
either using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, set the flag number to
check the value for and the flag value, below which the trigger condition will be
true.

FLAG IS LESS THAN FLAG. This condition checks whether one set flag has a
smaller value than another set flag.

FLAG IS MORE. When selected, FLAG and VALUE fields are displayed below. By
either using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, set the flag number to
check the value for and the flag value, above which the trigger condition will be
true.

FLAG IS TRUE. When selected, a FLAG field is displayed below. By either
using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, set the flag number that
when set to true will set the condition to true.

GROUP ALIVE. When selected, a GROUP drop down menu will be displayed
below. From this list, select the group that will activate the trigger as long as at
least one unit of the group is alive. Groups are listed according to their “NAME”
from the unit placement windows.

GROUP ALIVE LESS THAN. When selected, a GROUP drop down list and "%"
field will be displayed below. From the GROUP list, select the group that will
activate the trigger when the number of live units in the group corresponds to
the per cent value set in the "%" field.
For example, if the group has 10 units and you entered 40%, the trigger will
activate when 3 units remain alive.

GROUP DEAD. When selected, a GROUP drop down menu will be displayed
below. From this list, select the group that will activate the trigger when all units
of the group are destroyed (dead). Groups are listed according to their “NAME”
from the unit placement windows.

MISSION SCORE HIGHER THAN. If the set coalition has a score higher than
the set amount, the action(s) will be activated.
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
MISSION SCORE LOWER THAN. If the set coalition has a score lower than
the set amount, the action(s) will be activated.

PART OF COALITION IN ZONE. The trigger will be set to true if any of
coalition's unit will appear inside the selected trigger zone. The COALITION drop
down menu allows you to select the coalition. The ZONE drop down will list all
the trigger zones you have created according to the names you created for
them.

PART OF COALITION OUT OF ZONE. This condition works the same as the
PART OF COALITION IN ZONE, but the condition will be set to true when the any
of coalition's unit are outside the defined zone.

PART OF GROUP IN ZONE. The trigger will be set to true if any of group's unit
will appear inside the selected trigger zone. The GROUP drop down menu allows
you to select the group. The ZONE drop down will list all the trigger zones you
have created according to the names you created for them.

PART OF GROUP OUT OF ZONE. This condition works the same as the PART
OF GROUP IN ZONE, but the condition will be set to true when the any of
group's unit are outside the defined zone.

PLAYER SCORES LESS. When selected, a SCORES field is displayed below. By
either using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, enter the score, below
which the condition will become true.

PLAYER SCORES MORE. When selected, a SCORES field is displayed below.
By either using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, enter the score,
above which the condition will become true.

RANDOM. The Random condition allows you to set a percentage chance of
action(s) assigned to the trigger from happening. Use the left and right arrows
or type directly into the field to adjust the value. Values can range from 0 (no
chance) to 100 (certain) as a percentage. The most common action you will use
this condition with is Activate Group. This will allow you to set a random
appearance of units in a mission.

TIME LESS. When selected, a SECONDS field is displayed below. By either
using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, enter the time in seconds
when the condition will become false. For example, if you set a value of 120, the
condition will become false two minutes into the mission.

TIME MORE. When selected, a SECONDS field is displayed below. By either
using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, enter the time in seconds
when the condition will become true. For example, if you set a value of 120, the
condition will become true two minutes into the mission.

TIME SINCE FLAG. When selected, FLAG and SECONDS fields are displayed
below. By either using the left and right arrows or typing in the field, set the flag
number that when set to true will set the condition to true in the FLAG field. In
the SECONDS field, enter the delay in seconds that the condition will be set to
true after the flag is set to true.
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
UNIT ALIVE. When selected, a UNIT drop down menu will be displayed below.
From this list, select the unit that will activate the trigger as long as the unit is
alive. Units are listed according to their “UNIT NAME” from the unit placement
windows.

UNIT DAMAGED. When selected, a UNIT drop down menu will be displayed
below. From this list, select the unit that will activate the trigger when the unit is
damaged. Units are listed according to their “UNIT NAME” from the unit
placement windows.

UNIT DEAD. When selected, a UNIT drop down menu will be displayed below.
From this list, select the unit that will activate the trigger when the unit is
destroyed (dead). Units are listed according to their “UNIT NAME” from the unit
placement windows.

UNIT INSIDE MOVING ZONE. This trigger allows you to attach a trigger area
zone to a unit and the zone will move along with the assigned unit. Note, the
trigger zone can be placed anywhere on the map, but will in fact be always
attached to the center of the assigned unit in-game. When selected, you should
first select the unit that the area trigger will be attached to by selecting it from
the ZONE UNIT drop down list. Next, select the area trigger zone that will be
attached to the unit from the ZONE drop down list. Lastly, you need to set the
unit that will set the trigger to true when it enters the zone unit’s zone. Do this
by selecting a unit from the UNIT drop down list.

UNIT INSIDE ZONE. When creating a Trigger Zone (discussed later in this
document), you can set a trigger to true when a defined unit enters a defined
trigger zone. Upon selecting this condition, two new fields will be displayed.
The UNIT drop down menu allows you to select the unit that when inside the
selected trigger zone will set the condition to true. The ZONE drop down will list
all the trigger zones you have created according to the names you created for
them.

UNIT OUTSIDE MOVING ZONE. This trigger allows you to attach a trigger
area zone to a unit and the zone will move along with the assigned unit. Note,
the trigger zone can be placed anywhere on the map, but will in fact be always
attached to the center of the assigned unit in-game. When selected, you should
first select the unit that the area trigger will be attached to by selecting it from
the ZONE UNIT drop down list. Next, select the area trigger zone that will be
attached to the unit from the ZONE drop down list. Lastly, you need to set the
unit that will set the trigger to true when it is outside the zone unit’s zone. Do
this by selecting a unit from the UNIT drop down list.

UNIT OUTSIDE ZONE. This condition works the same as the UNIT INSIDE
ZONE, but the condition will be set to true when the unit is outside the defined
zone.

UNIT’S ALTITUDE HIGHER THAN. This condition allows you to set a unit and
altitude in meters (MSL). If the set unit flies above the set altitude, the trigger
will be set to true.
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
UNIT’S ALTITUDE LOWER THAN. This condition allows you to set a unit and
altitude in meters. If the set unit flies below the set altitude, the trigger will be
set to true.

UNIT'S BANK IN LIMITS. When selected, a UNIT drop down list, MIN and
MAX fields will be displayed below. From UNIT list, select the unit that will
activate the trigger when the bank angle is within the MIN and MAX values set in
the corresponding fields. Note, negative angles denote left bank and positive
angles denote right bank.

UNIT'S HEADING IN LIMITS. When selected, a UNIT drop down list, MIN and
MAX fields will be displayed below. From UNIT list, select the unit that will
activate the trigger when the unit's heading is within the MIN and MAX values
set in the corresponding fields.

UNIT'S LIFE LESS THAN. When selected, a UNIT drop down list and "%" of
life will be displayed below. From the UNIT list, select the unit that will activate
the trigger when the per cent of "life" of the unit corresponds to the value set in
the "%" field.

UNIT'S PITCH IN LIMITS. When selected, a UNIT drop down list, MIN and
MAX fields will be displayed below. From UNIT list, select the unit that will
activate the trigger when the pitch angle is within the MIN and MAX values set in
the corresponding fields. Note, negative angles denote negative pitch (nose
down) and positive angles denote positive pitch (nose up).

UNIT’S SPEED HIGHER THAN. This condition allows you to set a unit and
speed in indicated meters per second. If the set unit flies faster than set speed,
the trigger will be set to true.

UNIT’S SPEED LOWER THAN. This condition allows you to set a unit and
speed in indicated meters per second. If the set unit flies under than set speed,
the trigger will be set to true.

UNIT'S VERTICAL SPEED IN LIMITS. When selected, a UNIT drop down list,
MIN and MAX fields will be displayed below. From UNIT list, select the unit that
will activate the trigger when the vertical velocity in meters per second is within
the MIN and MAX values set in the corresponding fields.
All conditions with the "X" prefix are designed for use in creating cockpit triggers and
intended for training missions. See description next.
When multiple trigger conditions are set, they operate with an "AND" operator. In other
words, all of the conditions must be true for the trigger to be activated. To separate
conditions with an "OR" operator, press the OR button in the conditions pane. In this
case, the condition(s) either above or below the "OR" operator will activate the trigger.
CLONE button. Used to create an identical copy of the selected condition in the
conditions list.
Up and Down arrows. Used to move a condition up and down in the conditions list.
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Trigger Actions
Once you have defined the condition(s) that will determine when a trigger will be true or
false, you now define the actions that will result.
To create one or more actions for a trigger, click the NEW button at the bottom of the
pane.
With a new action created, new functions will be displayed at the bottom on the actions
pane:
NEW button. Press the NEW button to create a new action for the selected trigger.
Please note that you can create multiple actions for a single trigger! When you create a
new action, you will need to set the ACTION and define additional data that varies
according to the action. Each new action you create will be listed in the actions pane list.
DELETE button. Press the DELETE button to remove an action from the list. You will
first need to click on the action you wish to remove before pressing the DELETE button.
ACTION drop down field. Using this drop down, you can set an action for the trigger.
There are 48 types of actions that you can use. Actions include:

AI TASK. An AI action set in the TRIGGERED ACTIONS panel of the AI Group
Properties Advanced Actions menu will be executed. The desired AI action
identified by its name should be selected from drop down list.

DO SCRIPT. Runs a LUA script as entered in the TEXT filed.

DO SCRIPT FILE. Runs a LUA script file that is linked to in the TEXT field.

END MISSION. If you wish to have the mission end according one or more
specified conditions being set to true, you can use this action. This can be a
handy action to end a mission after all mission objectives have been met. In the
text box, you can also enter text that will appear when one side has won the
mission.

EXPLODE UNIT. From this action, select a unit that you wish to explode as a
result of this action. You can use the volume setting to determine the size of the
explosion.

EXPLOSION. To have an explosion appear in the mission based on a resulting
action, you can use this action. The three values you need to set include the
name of the zone that the explosion will occur in, the altitude the explosion will
occur, and the size (volume) of the explosion.

FLAG DECREASE. This action allows you to set a defined flag to decrease in
value. Use the FLAG field left and right arrows to set the flag number or
manually enter it in the field. Use the VALUE field left and right arrow keys to set
the value by which to decrease or manually enter it in the field.

FLAG INCREASE. This action allows you to set a defined flag to increase in
value. Use the FLAG field left and right arrows to set the flag number or
manually enter it in the field. Use the VALUE field left and right arrow keys to set
the value by which to increase or manually enter it in the field.
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
FLAG OFF. This action allows you to clear a defined flag number to false. Use
the FLAG field left and right arrows to set the flag number or manually enter it in
the field.

FLAG ON. This action allows you to set a defined flag number to be true. Use
the FLAG field left and right arrows to set the flag number or manually enter it in
the field.

FLAG SET RANDOM VALUE. This action allows you to set a defined flag to a
random value. Use the FLAG field left and right arrows to set the flag number or
manually enter it in the field. Use the VALUE LIM MIN and VALUE LIM MAX fields
left and right arrow keys to set the range of possible values for the flag or
manually enter them in the fields.

GROUP ACTIVATE. By default, units appear automatically in a mission once the
mission starts. However, using the Activate group action, you can set unit
groups to only appear in the mission according to the set conditions. Common
rules to govern the appearance of an Activated group are TIME MORE, FLAG IS
TRUE, UNIT IN ZONE and RAMDOM. IMPORTANT: FOR A GROUP TO BE
ACTIVATED VIA A CONDITION YOU MUST SET THE GROUP’S START TIME
BEYOND ANY ANTICIPATED PLAY TIME IN THE MISSION, SUCH AS AT LEAST 1
DAY AFTER THE MISSION STARTS! For example, if the mission starting time is
12:00:00/1 (default mission start time), you can set the group to start at
12:00:11/2.

GROUP AI OFF. Disable the artificial intelligence of all units in the selected
group. The group will stop all movement, sensor operations and will not engage
in combat.

GROUP AI ON. Activate the artificial intelligence of all units in the selected
group. Only possible after use of the GROUP AI OFF action on the group.

GROUP DEACTIVATE. To have a group removed from a mission while in
progress, you can use this action tied to a condition. When enabled, the specified
group will disappear from the mission.

GROUP MSG. Display a custom text message only to a set unit group (useful
for multiplayer).

GROUPE RESUME. This action orders to group to resume movement along its
planned route.

GROUP SND. Play a custom sound only to a set group (useful for multiplayer).

ILLUMINATION BOMB. For night missions, you can use this action to have an
illumination bomb appear in a specified zone at a specified altitude. You can use
this to simulate artillery fired illumination rounds.

LOAD MISSION. This is a very useful action that allows you to load a new
mission in multiplayer, as a result of the rule conditions. As such, you could
have different missions loaded depending on what is happening in the mission.
In this way, you can use this action to create multiplayer campaigns. Working in
the multiplayer only.
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
MESSAGE TO ALL. To have a trigger display a text message on the screen, you
will use this action. Upon selecting this action, a TEXT entry box will appear.
Type the message you wish to be displayed here. Below the text box you can set
how long you wish the message to be displayed in seconds.

MESSAGE TO COALITION. This action allows a text message to just be sent to
the defined coalition. As with the Message action, you can enter text and
message duration.

MESSAGE TO COUNTRY. This action allows a text message to just be sent to
the defined country. As with the Message action, you can enter text and
message duration.

PLAY ARGUMENT. Turn on a graphics animation argument (such as turning of
a radar antenna) of the selected static object.

PREVENT CONTROLS SYNCHRONIZATION. This trigger will prevent the
synchronization of cockpit switch states with the settings on the player’s actual
input controllers, such as joystick and throttle switches. Intended for use with
training missions.

RADIO ITEM ADD. This actions allows you to add a custom radio message to
the player's radio communications menu in-game. Enter the desired radio
message in the RADIO TEXT field. In the FLAG field, set the flag number that will
be set to ON when the player selects this radio message.
Note, this trigger does not work in multiplayer.

RADIO ITEM REMOVE. Delete a custom radio message from the player's radio
communications menu created earlier using the RADIO ITEM ADD action.

RADIO TRANSMISSION. Allows the user to define a sound file to play and the
transmitter's location, emission power, frequency and modulation.

SET BRIEFING. (Not implemented yet).

SET FAILURE. This action is used to setup system failures for the player's
aircraft. Select the system to fail in the FAILURE drop down menu. Set the
probability of failure in per cent in the PROBABILITY % field. Set the desired
time span after the trigger conditions are true for the failure to occur in the
WITHIN field.

SIGNAL FLARE. Use this action to have signal flares (flare gun) fired from a
specified zone. You can also select the color of the flare. This can be a useful
action to allow friendly units to mark their location to avoid friendly fire.

SIGNAL FLARE ON UNIT. This works the same as the previous action, but the
signal flare is fired from the location of a specified unit. This should be used
when the unit is moving.

SMOKE MARKER. To have a white phosphorous (WP) marker appear in the
mission, you can use this action. When activated, a white WP marker will appear
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in the specified zone and at the specified altitude. This can be a useful tool when
creating Forward Air Controller (FAC) missions.

SMOKE MARKER ON UNIT. This acts the same as the previous action, but
instead of occurring within a specified zone, it will appear on a specified unit.

SOUND TO ALL. The Sound action enables you to add an audio file to play as a
trigger function. This is often used in conjunction with a Message action to add
voice messages with subtitles to the mission. Once selected, a FILE field will be
displayed along with an OPEN button. Press the open button and then use the
file/folder browser to select the desired file (.wav or .OGG formats). The name
of the audio file will then be displayed in the FILE field.

SOUND TO COALITION. This action allows an audio file to just be play to the
defined coalition. Once selected, a FILE field will be displayed along with an
OPEN button. Press the open button and then use the file/folder browser to
select the desired file (.wav or .OGG formats). The name of the audio file will
then be displayed in the FILE field.

SOUND TO COUNTRY. This action allows an audio file to just be play to the
defined country.

START WAIT USER RESPONSE. This action begins to listen for the player to
press the Space bar key. Once pressed, the action sets the flag specified in the
action attribute.

STOP AND DEPLOY TO TEMPLATE. Using this action, an AI group can be
made to stop movement along its route and take up a position as defined by a
formation template (for example, an artillery battle position). To create a custom
template, see the Templates panel in the Tool Bar of the mission editor.

STOP WAIT USER RESPONSE. This action stops listening for the player to
press the Space bar key.
This action can be useful when creating mission scenarios where the player is to
command AI groups to perform various actions, such as advance forward or hold
position, by binding the desired AI actions to the flag number of the
corresponding custom radio message.

UNIT AI OFF. Disable the artificial intelligence of the selected unit. The unit will
stop all movement, sensor operations and will not engage in combat.

UNIT AI ON. Activate the artificial intelligence of the selected unit. Only
possible after use of the UNIT AI OFF action on the unit.
All actions with the "X" prefix are designed for use in creating cockpit triggers and
intended for training missions. See description next.
Cockpit Triggers Guide
The cockpit triggers utilized in ED Simulators allow a mission designer to create a wide
variety of triggers that evaluate the state of cockpit switches and instruments. This data
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can be used to provide feedback and instruction to the player using text and voice
prompts, as well as 3D graphical highlights of cockpit elements.
Although cockpit triggers are considered a developer's tool, most of their functionality is
open to the player. There are some examples, however, which require the use of the ingame console, which is disabled in public builds.
Cockpit triggers are utilized similarly for all DCS flyable aircraft. A number of aircraft
script files (.LUA) are used to obtain data used by the triggers. Each DCS aircraft
includes a collection of script files in its own dedicated folder, found in X:\Game
Directory\Scripts\Aircrafts. The specific .LUA files used by cockpit triggers will be
referenced below. To ease the workload of a mission designer working with cockpit
triggers, a cockpit arguments guide has been prepared for the A-10C cockpit and can be
found here: http://files.digitalcombatsimulator.com/en/84654/
.LUA files should only be opened with a proper code editor, such as Notepad++. When
working with the scripts, the Search function [Ctrl +F] can be very helpful in locating the
desired sections of code.
CONDITIONS
COCKPIT ARGUMENT IN RANGE. The position of every cockpit control and
instrument is defined by a custom argument ID and valid value range. This trigger
checks for a set cockpit argument to be within a set value range. This is most often used
to evaluate switch and button states with discrete argument values (such as ‘0’ for off
and ‘1’ for on or in decimal values between 0 and 1 for multi-position switches).
However, it can also be used to evaluate the position of needle instruments, such as
airspeed or vertical velocity, etc.

Argument – sets the ID number of the cockpit argument to check. Clickable
cockpit functions (switches, buttons, knobs, etc.) are described in
Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft Name\Cockpit\clickabledata.lua. Non-clickable cockpit
arguments, such as instruments are described in Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft
Name\Cockpit\mainpanel_init.lua. The variable “arg” describes the argument ID.
The variable “arg_value” describes the increment of each movement of the
argument. The variable “arg_limit” describes the limits of the argument’s range
of movement.

MIN – sets the minimum value of the set argument, which will satisfy the
condition to execute the trigger. Valid value range is -1 to 1.

MAX – sets the maximum value of the set argument, which will satisfy the
condition to execute the trigger. Valid value range is -1 to 1.
Note, to successfully evaluate an argument, you may need to enter a MIN and MAX
range that is inclusive of the desired value. For example, when evaluating an argument
to equal to “0.5”, enter “0.49” for MIN and “0.51” for MAX.
COCKPIT HIGHLIGHT IS VISIBLE. Checks for a set cockpit highlight to be displayed.
Each cockpit highlight is assigned an ID by the mission designer. This trigger evaluates
whether a specific highlight is displayed in the cockpit.
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ID – sets the ID value of the cockpit highlight to check (as set by COCKPIT
HIGHLIGHT ELEMENT/INDICATION/POINT trigger actions).
COCKPIT INDICATION TEXT IS EQUAL TO (requires console) – checks the contents
of a set cockpit digital indication string. Digital indicators in the cockpit are individually
identified by an ID number in the .LUA files. Each indicator displays a collection of
display elements. This trigger evaluates whether a specific display element of a set
indicator matches the desired string of characters. This is a very useful method of
evaluating whether the correct avionics parameters are set-up on the digital displays.

Indicator ID – sets the ID value of the cockpit indicator containing the desired
element. Indicator ID’s are described in Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft
Name\Cockpit\device_init.lua. To quickly locate the indicator ID’s in the .LUA file,
perform a search function for “indicators”. Indicator ID's begin with ‘0’ at the top
of the table and are increased by 1 with each subsequent indicator in the table.
For example, the HUD ID for A-10C is ‘5’.

Elem name (element name) – sets the name of the display element containing
the desired string. To obtain an element name, run a mission with the desired
element string displayed in the cockpit, open the game console and execute the
“console.out(list_indication(n))” command (where ‘n’ is the desired indicator’s
ID). The game console can be accessed by pressing the “`” command in-game.
The console.out(list_indication(n)) console command will list all currently
displayed elements with their associated strings for the set indicator. Note, the
element name entry must match the element name exactly, including capitals
and spaces (spaces may be present as initial characters).

String (not labeled) – sets the character string, which will satisfy the condition
to execute the trigger. Note, the string entry must match the element string
exactly, including capitals and spaces (spaces may be present as initial
characters).
EXAMPLE: To setup a trigger in A-10C that checks for the TAD map range to be set to
40 miles, enter “1” for indicator ID to set this to the left MFCD, enter “TAD_scale” as the
element name and enter “40” as the desired string.
COCKPIT PARAM EQUAL TO (requires console) – checks for the desired setting of a
set cockpit parameter. This trigger evaluates a number of specially-designed cockpit
parameter trackers for the A-10C (such as TGP zoom level, steerpoint name, etc.).

Param (parameter) – sets the name of the parameter to check. To obtain a
parameter name, run a mission with the desired parameter active, open the
game console and execute the “console.out(list_cockpit_params())” command.
The game console can be accessed by pressing the “`” command in-game. The
console.out(list_cockpit_params()) console command will display the current
states of all cockpit parameters.

Value – sets the parameter setting, which will satisfy the condition to execute
the trigger. Note, depending on the parameter, the value may be a numerical or
alphabetical string.
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COCKPIT PARAM IN RANGE (requires console) – checks for the set cockpit
parameter to be within the set value range. This trigger evaluates a number of speciallydesigned cockpit parameter trackers (such as TGP zoom level, steerpoint name, etc.).

Param (parameter) – sets the name of the parameter to check. To obtain a
parameter name, run a mission with the desired parameter in effect, open the
game console and execute the “console.out(list_cockpit_params())” command.
The game console can be accessed by pressing the “`” command in-game. The
console.out(list_cockpit_params()) console command will display the current
states of all cockpit parameters.

MIN – sets the minimum value of the set parameter, which will satisfy the
condition to execute the trigger. Valid value range is -1^9 to 1^9.

MAX – sets the maximum value of the set parameter, which will satisfy the
condition to execute the trigger. Valid value range is -1^9 to 1^9.
COCKPIT PARAM IS EQUAL TO ANOTHER – checks for the set parameter value to
be identical to another parameter’s value. This trigger can be used in conjunction with
the COCKPIT PARAM SAVE AS action in order to compare parameter values at different
points in the mission.

Param (parameter) – sets the name of the first parameters to evaluate. To
obtain a parameter name, run a mission with the desired parameter in effect,
open the game console and execute the “console.out(list_cockpit_params())”
command. The game console can be accessed by pressing the “`” command ingame. The console.out(list_cockpit_params()) console command will display the
current states of all cockpit parameters.

Param (parameter) – sets the name of the second parameter to evaluate.
Note, one of the two parameter variables may be a custom parameter name saved using
the COCKPIT PARAM SAVE AS action.
ACTIONS
START WAIT USER RESPONSE – start listening for input of the SPACE BAR key to set
the specified flag to on. This can be a convenient way to progress a training mission
based on the player’s signal. Using this trigger will prevent an input command normally
mapped to the Space Bar key (usually fire gun).

Flag – sets the flag number to set to on when the SPACE BAR key is pressed
while the action is in effect.
STOP WAIT USER RESPONSE – stop listening for input of the SPACE BAR key. This
trigger disables the START WAIT USER RESPONSE action.
COCKPIT HIGHLIGHT ELEMENT – enables a cockpit highlight of the specified cockpit
control (switch, button, knob, etc.).

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ID – sets the ID of the highlight. The ID can be referenced by other triggers to
evaluate the status of or remove the highlight.
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
Elem name (element name) – sets the name of the cockpit control to highlight.
Clickable cockpit functions (switches, buttons, knobs, etc.) are described in
Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft Name\Cockpit\clickabledata.lua.

Size of box – sets the span of the highlight in meters. A setting of ‘0’ will
automatically conform the highlight to the 3D shape of the cockpit control.
COCKPIT HIGHLIGHT INDICATION (required console) – enables a cockpit highlight
of the specified digital indication element (such as HUD display elements).

ID – sets the ID of the highlight. The ID can be referenced by other triggers to
evaluate the status of or remove the highlight.

Indicator ID – sets the ID value of the cockpit indicator containing the desired
indication. Indicator ID’s are described in Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft
Name\Cockpit\device_init.lua. To quickly locate the indicator ID’s in the lua file,
perform a search function for “indicators”. Indicator ID’s begin with ‘0’ at the top
of the table and are increased by 1 with each subsequent indicator in the table.
For example, the HUD ID for A-10C is ‘5’.

Elem name (element name) – sets the name of the display element to
highlight. To obtain an element name, run a mission with the desired element
string displayed in the cockpit, open the game console and execute the
“console.out(list_indication(n))” command (where ‘n’ is the desired indicator’s
ID). The game console can be accessed by pressing the “`” command in-game.
The console.out(list_indication(n)) console command will list all current element
strings of the set indicator.

Size of box – sets the span of the highlight in meters.
COCKPIT HIGHLIGHT POINT – enables a cockpit highlight centered at the specified
3D cockpit coordinates. This action allows you to specify the 3D dimensions of the
highlight, which can be useful for creating “flat” 2D highlights of panel instruments in
either horizontal or vertical planes.

ID – sets the ID of the highlight. The ID can be referenced by other triggers to
evaluate the status of or remove the highlight.

X (fwd/aft) – sets the highlight position on the X (forward/aft) axis of the
cockpit in meters.

Y (up/dn) – sets the highlight position on the Y (up/down) axis of the cockpit in
meters.

Z (rgt/lft) – sets the highlight position on the Z (right/left) axis of the cockpit in
meters.

Box dim, X – sets the span of the highlight’s X axis in meters.

Box dim, Y – sets the span of the highlight’s Y axis in meters.

Box dim, Z – sets the span of the highlight’s Z axis in meters.
COCKPIT PARAM SAVE AS (requires console) – save the current value of the
specified cockpit parameter as a new parameter. This trigger allows you to save the
state of a parameter for later evaluation during the mission.
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
Source – sets the name of the parameter for which the value will be saved. To
obtain a parameter name, run a mission with the desired parameter in effect,
open the game console and execute the “console.out(list_cockpit_params())”
command. The game console can be accessed by pressing the “`” command ingame. The console.out(list_cockpit_params()) console command will display the
current states of all cockpit parameters.

Destination – sets the name of the new parameter, under which the value of
the saved parameter will be stored while the mission is running.
COCKPIT PERFORM CLICKABLE ACTION – sets the specified cockpit control to the
specified position. This trigger can be used to force-set a required cockpit control (for
example to engage autopilot mode).

Cockpit device – sets the ID value of the cockpit device manipulated by the
required control. Device ID’s are described in Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft
Name\Cockpit\devices.lua. Device ID’s begin with ‘1’ at the top of the table and
are increased by 1 with each subsequent device in the table. For example, the ID
for autopilot is ‘38’.

Command – sets the command value for the required control, starting with a
base value of 3000. Command values are described in Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft
Name\Cockpit\clickabledata.lua, using the argument
“device_commands.Button_n” (where ‘n’ is the command value of interest). To
quickly locate a desired command in the .LUA file, perform a search for relevant
terms (such as “autopilot” or “MFCD”). For example, the command to engage the
autopilot in A-10C is scripted as “device_commands.Button_2”. As such, it would
be entered in the Command field as “3002”.

Value – sets the argument value (control position in the cockpit). Control
arguments are described in Scripts\Aircrafts\Aircraft
Name\Cockpit\clickabledata.lua. The variable “arg” describes the argument ID
(not necessary for this trigger). The variable “arg_value” describes the increment
of each movement of the argument. The variable “arg_limit” describes the limits
of the argument’s range of movement.
COCKPIT REMOVE HIGHLIGHT – removes the specified cockpit highlight.

ID – sets the ID of the cockpit highlight to remove.
SET COMMAND – inputs the specified game command.

Command – sets the ID value of the command to input. The command ID can
be obtained in the Game Options>Controls screen by hovering the mouse over
the command description (left side of the screen). This functionality can be
enabled in Mission Editor/Mission Editor.lua by changing the
“OPTIONS_ADD_COMMAND_CODES_TO_TOOLTIP” line from “false” to “true”.
SET COMMAND WITH VALUE – inputs the specified game command with the
specified value.

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Command - sets the value of the command to input. The command value can
be obtained in the Game Options>Controls screen by hovering the mouse over
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the command description (left side of the screen). This functionality can be
enabled in Mission Editor/Mission Editor.lua by changing the
“OPTIONS_ADD_COMMAND_CODES_TO_TOOLTIP” line from “false” to “true”.

Value – sets the value with which to enter the command.
START LISTEN COCKPIT EVENT – start listening for the specified cockpit event to set
the specified flag to on. Cockpit events are limited to the Ka-50.


Event – sets the event name to listen to. The following events are currently
scripted in the engine.
o
"setup_HMS"
o
"setup_NVG"
o
"DisableTurboGear"
o
"GroundPowerOff"
o
"EnableTurboGear"
o
"GroundPowerOn"
o
"OnNewNetHelicopter"
o
"initChaffFlarePayload"
o
"switch_datalink"
o
"OnNewNetPlane"
o
"WeaponRearmFirstStep"
o
"WeaponRearmComplete"
o
"initChaffFlarePayload"
o
"repair"
o
"LinkNOPtoNet"
o
"UnlinkNOPfromNet"
Flag – sets the flag number to set to on when the specified event occurs.
START LISTEN COMMAND – start listening for the specified input command to set the
specified flag to on.

Command – sets the value of the command to listen to. The command value
can be obtained in the Game Options>Controls screen by hovering the mouse
over the command description (left side of the screen). This functionality can be
enabled in Mission Editor/Mission Editor.lua by changing the
“OPTIONS_ADD_COMMAND_CODES_TO_TOOLTIP” line from “false” to “true”.

Flag - sets the flag number to set to on when the specified event occurs.

Hit Count – sets the number of times the command must be entered before the
specified flag is set to on.

Val Lim Min – sets the minimum value of the command input.
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Val Lim Max – sets the maximum value of the command input.
PREVENT CONTROLS SYNCHRONIZATION - This trigger can be used at the start of
the mission to disable synchronization of cockpit controls with the actual controls on the
player's input hardware. When enabled in the player's Options > Miscellaneous tab,
control synchronization may negatively affect missions with cockpit triggers by
automatically setting cockpit controls to positions other than default.
Trigger Practical Exercise
Now that we have reviewed the mechanics of the Trigger system, we will create a basic
mission using trigger scripting. In this mission, we will do the following:
1. Player will fly to battle area, and when nearing this area, friendly artillery will
bombard an enemy position.
2. As the player flies closer, they will receive a Forward Air Controller message
about tasked targeting.
3. When the player destroys enemy armor in the target area, friendly ground forces
will advance.
4. When friendly forces reach their objective, they will radio the player of a
successful mission.
The first thing we will do is set up the Zone triggers. So, I will create three different
trigger zones, and I will call these Start Artillery, FAC Message, and Mission Success. I
will set the TYPE as ONCE for each of them.
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I will now set up the conditions and actions for each of these triggers.
For the Start Artillery trigger, I will create a NEW condition and set the TYPE to UNIT
INSIDE ZONE. In the UNIT field I will select the player’s aircraft (Player) and in the
ZONE I will select Start Artillery. The Start Artillery zone is one I created with the
trigger zone creation tool that we’ll discuss later.
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To set the action, I will press NEW and then select GROUP ACTIVATE as the ACTION.
With that selected, I will set the Arty-01 as the Group. Because this is to be an
activated group, I set its START TIME in the Group Properties to a time past the
anticipated mission start time.
The next trigger zone we will script is the FAC Message. To do so I will select the FAC
Message from the triggers list and then click the NEW button in the Conditions pane.
Again I will select UNIT IN ZONE as the TYPE and the UNIT as PLAYER. However, for
this trigger I will set the ZONE as FAC Message.
For the action, I want both a text message and audio message to play. So, I will first
press the NEW button in the Actions pane and check that the MESSAGE TO ALL action is
selected. I will then enter a text message in the TEXT box.
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I now need to set the second (audio) action for this trigger by pressing the NEW button
again but this time selecting the SOUND TO ALL option as my ACTION. I will then press
the OPN button and use the browser to select the audio file I wish to play.
The third trigger zone condition action we will create will be for the Mission Success
message. This will trigger when the friendly ground forces reach the objective. The
objective will be defined as one of the trigger zones I had created.
I will create a NEW condition and set the TYPE to UNIT IN ZONE. In the UNIT field, I
will select one of the friendly armor units (BTR-01) and in the ZONE field, I will select
Objective.
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For the action, I want both a text message and audio message to play. So, I will first
press the NEW button in the Actions pane and check that the MESSAGE TO ALL action is
selected. I will then enter a text message in the TEXT box. I now need to set the
second (audio) action for this trigger by pressing the NEW button again but this time
selecting the SOUND TO ALL option as my ACTION. I will then press the OPN button
and use the browser to select the audio file I wish to play.
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The next trigger we will create is one that allows the friendly ground units to advance
from their starting location once the blocking enemy force is destroyed. To do so, we
will first create a new trigger as a ONCE TYPE and call it Advance. Now we will create a
NEW condition and set the TYPE to GROUP DEAD. From there, we will set the UNIT to
the enemy armor units that are blocking our path (Objective-01). For the Action, we will
create a new one by clicking the NEW button and then setting the ACTION to GROUP
ACTIVATE. From the GROUP drop down list I will select our friendly ground force
platoon that will activate and advance when the blocking force is destroyed. Remember
that I needed to set the START TIME value of the friendly ground forces (BTR-01) to a
time past the mission play time.
The final trigger we will place in this example is an enemy air defense that is assigned a
random chance of appearing in the mission. We will create a new ONCE trigger and call
it Random AAA. Next, we will create a NEW condition and set the TYPE to RANDOM. In
the % field, we will choose 50 (as in 50%).
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To set the action, we will create a NEW action and set the ACTION to GROUP
ACTIVATE. From the GROUP drop down we will select the enemy air defense vehicle I
placed in the mission called AAA. In the unit placement window, there is also the option
to have activated unit visible or invisible before it is active in the world.
Set Mission Goals
When evaluating a mission for success, draw, or failure, the simulation uses point totals
that are assigned by the mission builder. If total points at the end of a mission are 49
or less, the mission is a failure; if total points equal 50, the mission is a draw. If total
points are 51 or higher, the mission is deemed a success. This point total is also used to
define which stage and mission may be chosen next in a campaign.
The same set of conditions used in the Trigger system is also used to define mission
goals. In the Goal window, the list of all created goals is displayed in the top pane.
Once a goal is selected by clicking on it, the conditions of the goal are listed in the
bottom pane.
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Goal List
Selected Goal's Condition(s)
To create a New goal, press the NEW button under the MISSION GOALS pane. Upon
doing so, five functions are displayed beneath the pane:

NEW button. Press this button to create/add a new Goal to the Goal List.

DELETE button. To remove a Goal from the list, click on it from the list and
then click on the DELETE button.

NAME. Type in the name you wish to assign to the Goal. This name, along with
its score and assignment, will be displayed in the Goal List.

SCORE. Each goal may be assigned a point score by either using the left and
right buttons or manually entering it into the field.
The bottom drop down field allows you to assign who the points will be awarded to.
There are three options:

OFFLINE. This setting is used for single player missions; points are only in
regards to the Player.

RED. A Goal assigned to RED will result in the assigned points awarded to the
RED side.

BLUE. A Goal assigned to BLUE will result in the assigned points awarded to the
BLUE side.
Once a Goal has been created, you must click the NEW button under the CONDITIONS
pane to determine the conditions by which the Goal is based. The creation of Goal
conditions is the same as that used to create Trigger conditions.
NEW button. Press the NEW button to create a new Goal condition. When you create
a new Goal you will need to set the TYPE. You may create multiple conditions for a
single Goal.
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DELETE button. Press the DELETE button to remove a condition from the Goal. You
will first need to click on the condition you wish to remove before pressing the DELETE
button.
TYPE drop down field. Using this drop down, you can set the condition by which the
Goal is accomplished.
Battlefield Commanders
The Battlefield Commanders button opens the Battlefield Commanders panel of the
Mission Editor. This panel allows you to set the various roles for single and multiplayer
missions.
PILOT CAN CONTROL VEHICLE. This checkbox enables/disables the ability of a
player assigned to an aircraft to assign movement and targeting commands to AI
ground units via the F10 map view during the mission. If you are creating a single player
mission, you will probably want to enable this.
MULTIPLAYER ROLES (RED, BLUE). This table sets the number of slots open in a
multiplayer mission for each side:

Game Master. This allows the player to observe and play as JTAC and control
ground units for both sides. The Game Master can view all units. As a Game
Master, you can dynamically alter the ground war during the mission.
Note 1: Although there are both Red and Blue side Game Master roles,
both sides act the exact same and both control units from both sides.
Note 2: For Head-to-Head multiplayer matches, it is best not to enable
any Game Master roles.

Ground Force Command (CM). This allows players to strategically control
ground units from the F10 Command Map. This includes indirect fire systems like
artillery and multiple rocket launcher systems. This also allows first person
vehicle control, including JTAC capability.

JTAC. This allows first person vehicle control, including JTAC capability, but does
not have strategic control over ground units.

Observer. Players cannot play as JTAC or control ground units, but it has
unlimited camera access to observe the action.
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Once a mission has been started, each player will choose which command role to play
from the Choose Role window. Once you select the desired role, press the Start button.
Aircraft that are set to human control will also be listed.
Mission Options
The Mission Options panel has been described in detail previously in the System Bar
chapter of the manual.
Fly
Press the blue flight button to exit the Mission Editor and open the mission Briefing
menu in preparation for the flight.
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Task Planning for Unit Groups
Fundamental Concepts
Mission building involves creating unit groups, planning of group routes and combat
tasks, and developing a dynamic battlefield atmosphere using triggered events, mission
weather and time of day settings.
When designing a mission, you can choose one of two basic approaches to creating
battle scenarios:
1. Simple: Place and route groups with minimal adjustments of default route and
task settings (actions to determine behavior will be created automatically).
2. Advanced: Use the Advanced Actions Panel of the Group Properties Menu for
precise manual control over group actions.
The first method requires minimum use of the interface to create simple missions with
the idea that AI groups will act generally as envisioned by the designer, but using
automatic behavior actions programmed into the AI based on factors such as presence
of enemy units, contact range, etc. In this approach, the AI will generally move along its
route and engage enemy units as soon as they are within engagement range, which can
vary based on the unit type and task (in case of aircraft groups).
However, the automated AI actions created by default may not always produce the
desired results. In particular, if the mission calls for complex AI actions, for example
attacking only certain types of ground units in different target areas or restrictions on
the use of particular weapons, the desired behavior may be achieved more effectively by
using the Advanced Actions Panel to create and configure group actions in detail.
Although more time consuming and complex, this allows for much greater flexibility and
control in scripting AI behavior in the mission.
Actions refer to the various behaviors a mission designer can script for the AI to perform
in the mission. Before we describe all of the advanced actions in detail, you should
understand the following terms: Group Artificial Intelligence, Task, Enroute Task,
Command and Option.
Tasks and Enroute Tasks are the primary combat actions and include a number of
different targeting and engagement options for air, ground and naval groups. For
example, a task to attack an enemy group or to act as a Forward Air Controller (FAC) in
providing targeting commands to other friendly units. All Tasks and Enroute Tasks are
actions performed over a period of time. Commands are instantaneous actions, such as
setting a radio frequency for the group. Options are rules or limitations imposed on the
group in executing an action.
All actions include a number of conditions the mission designer can set to control the
starting and ending of the action. These include setting a mission time for starting
and/or ending the action, action duration time, flag states (on/off), action activation
probability, and custom scripting in LUA code language.
Group Artificial Intelligence (AI)
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Group Artificial Intelligence is a virtual object (represented by the lead unit of a group)
that controls game units or a group of units. The AI executes the actions set for the
group in the mission editor. In doing so, the object follows behavior rules programmed
into the simulation by the developers, however its behavior can also be adjusted by the
mission designer using the tasking options available in the Advanced Actions Panel.
Note, actions are set for entire groups only and not for individual units within a group.
When creating a group route, the mission designer can add or edit the actions for the
group to perform at each waypoint (WP) of the route. Actions of a given waypoint are
activated once the group leader reaches the waypoint. The actions are performed
sequentially based on their order and/or priority setting. Priority is set as a whole
number, starting with 0 as the highest priority value. Actions can also be set in the
Trigger Menu of the mission editor to be activated independently of the route waypoints.
Task
Task actions involve combat engagement, targeting and maneuvering. By setting a
Task, the mission designer commands the AI to perform a specific combat function at a
specific point in the mission. For example: orbit on station, engage an enemy group,
provide targeting to other groups as a FAC. Tasks have the highest execution priority for
the AI and are generally used to set the primary group action for a waypoint. The AI will
perform multiple Tasks one at a time according to their order or priority setting.
Task execution can be ended either by the AI automatically in-game or according to the
action stop conditions set by the mission designer. For example, the AI will cease to
attack a designated group of enemy vehicles when all of the vehicles in the group are
destroyed or the AI group has exhausted its supply of usable weapons. Alternatively, the
AI can be forced to cease the attack by setting an action stop condition, such as an
action duration time limit.
Enroute Task
Like Tasks, Enroute Tasks are combat actions that involve targeting or engagement
actions. However, Enroute Tasks are designed to be active for the length of the group's
route and can be executed multiple times and in multiple locations as long as the
conditions for executing the Enroute Task are in effect and the AI is able to execute the
action. As such, Enroute Tasks assume periodic interruptions of route navigation to
perform the action, such as attacking "pop-up" enemy units detected along the route.
Whereas Tasks involve definitely known and pre-set targets, Enroute Tasks allow for
some uncertainty in target type or location. The key phrase to keep in mind when using
Enroute Tasks is "Search For...". This means the AI will actively search for the target
and perform an attack only when the target is detected.
Enroute Tasks can only be ended by action stop conditions set by the mission designer.
Otherwise, an Enroute Task will be active for the duration of the AI's "life" in the
mission.
Numerous Enroute Tasks can be active simultaneously, however only one Enroute Task
can be executed at a time. If conditions for multiple Enroute Tasks are true (for
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example, enemy groups designated in two different Enroute Tasks are detected
simultaneously), one Enroute Task will be selected by the AI to perform based on its
order or priority setting.
Note, any Task will always have a higher priority over any concurrent Enroute Task
(unless set otherwise manually by the mission designer). As such, an Enroute Task can
be interrupted by a Task and resumed after its completion.
Command
A Command is an instantaneous group action that is executed immediately upon
activation. For example, a Set Frequency command action will change the group's radio
communications frequency. Like Tasks and Enroute Tasks, the conditions for executing
Commands can be customized by the mission designer and include mission time, flags
state, command activation probability, and custom scripting in LUA code language.
Option
Options set rules for the group for the duration of the mission, unless started and ended
at specific waypoints. Options are set using the format:<variable>=<value>, such as
Formation=Trail. Using such options, the mission designer can control the AI's use of
sensors and weapons when performing actions. For example, the <Radar Use> option
setting to <Never> can be used to script a radar-silent intercept.
All actions can be tied to route waypoints or set independently of the route using the AI
Task action of the Trigger Menu of the mission editor. In the latter case, the action will
be executed when the rules of the trigger are in effect, as opposed to passing a
waypoint.
A more thorough overview of all AI actions will be provided below.
Panel Flags
"Flag" variables in the form of a checkbox are used extensively to enable/disable various
options in the panels of the Group Properties Menu. Do not confuse this with the FLAG
ON/FLAG OFF trigger rule and action in the Trigger Menu of the mission editor. You can
think of panel flags as "locks".
Panel Flag
In conclusion, some of the main steps in creating a mission include: creating unit
groups, placing the group routes on the map, setting up group main tasks (for aircraft
groups), configuring the group actions using the Advanced Actions Panel (Tasks,
Enroute Tasks, Commands, Options), creating triggers to script certain group actions in
addition to those set with route waypoints.
Group Route Planning
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When placing group routes, one of the basic functions to set will be the desired speed
("SPEED") and estimated time of arrival ("ETA") for each waypoint.
Selected waypoint #
Speed and ETA for the
selected waypoint
Depending on the plans of the mission designer, one, both or neither of these values
can be "locked" at each waypoint using the panel flags. When either value is locked by
the user, the mission editor automatically calculates the other value based on the known
range between consecutive waypoints.
Locking speed and ETA values requires a logical consistency between waypoint lock
settings as not every combination of speed and ETA lock is always possible. The route
waypoint locks must be arranged such that the AI always retains a reference time value
somewhere along the route. Using an example of a relatively simple route consisting of
4 waypoints, the following 6 combinations of lock settings are valid.
Example 1
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User locks:

Group start time (Т1), i.e. ETA for WP1;

ETA for the final waypoint (Т4);
In this case, the user doesn't control the speed and ETAs for waypoints 2 and 3 or the
speed for WP4. These values are calculated by the mission editor automatically. The
mission editor calculates the average speed for the route to reach WP4 at the
designated ETA. Note that the desired speed refers to the speed to the waypoint, i.e.
the speed the AI group will assume once it passes the preceding waypoint.
The AI group will attempt to adjust its speed for WP2, WP3 and WP4 as necessary to
arrive at WP4 at the locked ETA.
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If the user unlocks the ETA for either WP1 or WP4, the route will no longer be valid,
because the mission editor will not have a time reference for calculating the desired
speeds for WP2 and WP3. When a route is invalid, the speed and ETA checkboxes
become framed in red to indicate an error and a corresponding message appears when
the user attempts to close the Group Properties Menu or save the mission.
In order to unlock both the speed and ETA of a waypoint, at least one preceding and
subsequent waypoint must have a locked ETA!
Example 2
User locks:

Group start time (Т1), i.e. ETA for WP1;

Speed (V1 - V4) for each waypoint;
In this case, the user doesn't control the ETAs for any waypoints after the initial
waypoint, but wants to ensure the group maintains a desired speed along the route. The
mission editor automatically calculates the ETAs for WP2, WP3, WP4 based on the
known range and locked desired speed of the waypoints:
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Example 3
User locks:


Group start time (Т1), i.e. ETA for WP1;
ETA for all other waypoints (Т2, Т3, Т4);
In this case, the user wants to ensure the waypoints are reached at the designated
ETAs. The AI group will attempt to maintain speed for each waypoint such that it arrives
at each waypoint at the designated ETA.
The mission editor calculates the desired speed for each waypoint based on the known
range and ETA between consecutive waypoints:
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Example 4
User locks:
 Group Start time (Т1), i.e. ETA for WP1;
 Desired speed for WP2 and WP4 (V2, V4);
 ETA for WP3 (Т3);
In this case, the user controls the ETA for WP3 and the travel speed for WP2 and WP4.
The mission editor automatically calculates the ETAs for WP2 and WP4, as well as the
speed for WP3:
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Example 5
User locks:
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
Group start time (Т1), i.e. ETA for WP1;

ETA for the final waypoint (Т4);

Desired speed for WP2 and WP4 (V2, V4);
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In this case, the user controls the ETA for WP4 and also the travel speed for WP2 and
WP4. Such a route is valid, because there is at least one waypoint (in this case WP3)
between the starting and ending waypoints, which has both the speed and ETA
unlocked, allowing the mission editor to automatically calculate both values as needed to
meet the desired settings for WP1, WP2 and WP4.
The AI group will attempt to adjust its speed for WP3 such that it will arrive at WP4 at
the designated ETA and desired speed.
The mission editor automatically calculates the ETA for WP2 and WP3, as well as the
desired speed for WP3:
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Example 6
User locks:


ETA for the final waypoint (Т4);
Desired speed for WP2 - WP4 (V2 - V4);
In this case, the mission editor automatically calculates the starting time (ETA for WP1):
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If the SPEED or ETA value is outside of the valid range for the particular unit (such as
desired speed below the minimum flying speed), the SPEED and ETA fields change to
red font to indicate an invalid value warning and a corresponding message appears
when the user attempts to close the Group Properties Menu or save the mission. To
correct such an error, enter a valid value in the locked field.
If the user attempts to set an invalid route, for example lock the speed for all waypoints
and at the same time lock the ETA for the starting and final waypoints, the SPEED and
ETA checkboxes become framed in red to indicate a flag error warning and a
corresponding message appears when the user attempts to close the group properties
panel or save the mission:
To correct such an error, set waypoint locks to a valid route combination.
HINTS:

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
To correct invalid SPEED or ETA value warnings (red font), enter a valid value.

To correct invalid flag warnings (red checkboxes), set the SPEED and ETA locks
to a valid route combination.

Every route must have at least one waypoint with a locked ETA! This can be the
initial waypoint to set the group starting time or any subsequent waypoint.

The Mission Editor does not prevent you from setting any combination of speed
and ETA locks, however it informs you when an invalid combination is set with
either an invalid value warning or invalid flag warning. A warning window will
pop-up if attempt to save the group properties or the mission whenever an
invalid route is present.
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Place Airplane and Helicopter Group
At the top of the Object (OBJ) Tool Bar are the Place Airplane and Place Helicopter
buttons. You will use these buttons to place aircraft groups in the mission, set their
routes, and the actions they will take. When placing an aircraft group, it is important to
remember that the groups can consist of one to four units (aircraft). Because the
placement functions of fixed wing and rotary wing (helicopters) are very similar, we will
discuss them jointly.
The aircraft Group Properties Menu consist of numerous functions which are described
below. We will discuss them from top to bottom.
COUNTRY. The Country drop down list will display all the countries that have been
assigned to either the RED or BLUE sides when the mission was initially created by use
of the CREATE NEW MISSION button. The Country selected will filter the TYPE of
aircraft available.
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NAME. In the Name field, you may enter in a unique name for the aircraft group. If you
do not enter one, a default name will be generated. The Name you create will be used
when assigning some types of Triggers such as a Group Dead condition. Always be
careful not to assign more than one group with the same Name.
TASK. The Task drop down menu allows you to select the group task. This setting will
be in effect for the group for the duration of the mission. Note, the group task serves as
a filter of available and automatically generated actions in the Advanced Actions Panel
as well as the default payloads available.

NOTHING. This mission task assumes a non-combat flight along a route. Such
an aircraft does not take part in any active actions against enemy forces and just
follows its route. Under the threat of an enemy attack the aircraft will try to
evade it.

AFAC. The Airborne Forward Air Controller (AFAC) mission task will set the
assigned aircraft to mark targets with smoke rockets or illumination flares. For
night missions, this can be a useful task to assign an airplane to support a player
flying a Close Air Support (CAS) mission.

ANTI-SHIP STRIKE. A mission task to attack enemy marine vessels using antiship missiles.

AWACS. (Airborne Warning and Control System). The AWACS aircraft flies
according to a planned straight or circular route using looped waypoints, and it
alerts allied aircraft, SAM sites, and ships when it detects enemy aircraft. Certain
SAM systems can receive targeting data directly from the AWACS even when
their own acquisition radar systems have been destroyed. Note that AWACS
detection can be limited by range, very low target altitudes, and terrain masking.

CAP (Combat Air Patrol). The CAP mission task implies flying a large race-track
pattern using looped waypoints around a defined route to defend an area from
enemy aircraft incursion. This type of task does not involve spotting and
destroying enemy ground targets or a significant deviation from the planned
route to intercept aircraft. Be aware that a high altitude CAP will make life for
low level interdiction easier for your aircraft. A combination of a high/low CAP
sandwich is the most balanced deployment. The crucial factor while patrolling
will be the fuel load limiting the distance and duration of the CAP. Unless
manually disabled by the mission designer in the Advanced Actions Panel, all AI
aircraft will stop patrolling and return to base in a straight route as soon as their
fuel falls to the guaranteed minimum required for the return flight (Bingo fuel
state).

CAS (Close Air Support). CAS involves actively searching for enemy ground
targets on the battlefield and destroying them in support of friendly ground units
under fire. This task is most suitable for dedicated attack aircraft and helicopters.

ESCORT. This mission task is allocated to fighters and attack helicopters and
involves escorting allied aircraft (transport aircraft, bombers, or attack aircraft)
and defending them along the route from possible attacks of enemy aircraft and
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air defense systems. In doing so, the escorts should not engage in fights with
the enemy if they do not pose a threat or are significantly off the course line.

FIGHTER SWEEP. The fighter sweep mission task is a combat task that
involves penetrating enemy air space to attack enemy fighters or other types of
aircraft. The main objective of a fighter sweep is winning air superiority and to
ensure unimpeded use of the air space by friendly aircraft. Since the aircraft
taking part in a fighter sweep may find themselves at a considerable distance
from their airfields and take part in prolonged dogfights, their fuel load will be a
crucial factor.

GROUND ATTACK. This mission task is used to attack enemy ground targets
using a variety of air to surface weapons. This type of mission usually involves
unguided bombs weighing from 500 to 20000 lbs. and unguided rockets. Unless
otherwise set in the advanced tasking options, the AI will generally prioritize use
of longer-range weapons, such as guided air-to-surface missiles, over shorterrange weapons, such as unguided rockets and cannon.

INTERCEPT. This is a defensive mission task whereby the aircraft must carry
out an active search of incoming enemy aircraft and/or receive targeting data
from ground based or airborne radar. This type of combat task is reserved for
large scale defense and active patrolling and you should not use it while
defending a small area or a local installation. While chasing the enemy, the
interceptor may deviate far from its planned route and the area that is to be
defended will be left undefended.

PINPOIONT STRIKE. The Pinpoint strike mission task involves detecting and
attacking surface targets using precision-guided weapons.

RECONNAISSANCE. The aircraft will fly directly over the assigned
Reconnaissance Task waypoint to best acquire intelligence.

REFUELING. This mission task is reserved for aerial tankers. An aircraft
assigned this mission will refuel any thirsty allied aircraft during its flight.

RUNWAY ATTACK. This is a specialized form of ground attack that will allow
the aircraft to automatically align the axis of its attack along the length of the
targeted runway. This is most useful when deploying runway denial weapons. To
do so, set the Targeting area over the airfield to attack and select Airfields from
the Target Categories.

SEAD (Suppression Of Enemy Air Defenses). Similar to the CAS Task, this
mission task allows you to use attack aircraft in a more specialized role to attack
enemy air defense sites with anti-radar missiles or other weapon types.

TRANSPORT. An aircraft assigned to a Transport mission task does not take
part in any active actions against enemy forces and just follows its route. Under
the threat of an enemy attack the aircraft will try to evade it.
UNIT. The Unit selection is composed of two fields and they allow you to select how
many aircraft units will be part of the flight group (1 to 4). The right field is used to set
the total number of airplanes in the group; to do so, use the left and right arrow
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buttons. The left field is used to select an airplane within the group; to do so, use the
left and right arrow keys.
TYPE. Depending on the Country and Task selections, a list of appropriate aircraft is
listed in this pull down list.
PILOT. Enter a unique name for each unit within the aircraft Group. If you do not, a
default name will be created automatically. This name is important because it will be
used to set Trigger Conditions. For example, if you create a condition based on the
destruction of a unit, the unit will be selected from a list using its PILOT name.
SKILL. The Skill level allows you to select how competent the aircraft pilot is when
flown by the artificial intelligence. This setting can control such factors on how much G
the pilot can pull, at what range it will attack, and how accurate its weapon delivery
skills are. There are five Skill options for AI aircraft:
 Average
 Good
 High
 Excellent
 Random. This option will randomly select from one of the four options above.
For non-AI groups, you have two selections:
 Client. If you wish the aircraft to be flown by a human in a multiplayer game,
set it as Client. Do not set aircraft to Player in a multiplayer game.
 Player. Set the aircraft to Player when you want it to be flown by a human
player in a single-player mission/campaign.
Note that a unit's skill level will affect its detection ranges, reaction times and targeting
errors.
SIDE #. Enter in this field either a three or two digit number you wish to have
displayed on the aircraft.
CALLSIGN. Type in the callsign of the aircraft you wish it to use. For Russian aircraft, a
three-digit number is used. This callsign will be used in communications with the flight,
AWACS, and ground controllers.
HIDDEN ON MAP. check box. After creating a mission, you may wish to hide certain
units so that people playing your mission cannot see them. For example, you may want
to hide mobile enemy units from being seen by the player on the briefing and F10 maps.
Press this check box to hide the selected aircraft group from the ME World Map and F10
view. You can view all hidden groups using the Units List window (discussed later in this
manual).
UNCONTROLLED. When setting an AI group to a “Takeoff from Ramp” (cold start)
waypoint, the Uncontrolled check box can be used to have the AI group appear at their
starting location on the ramp, but not begin the spool up sequence until initiated by an
AI TASK trigger as set by the START Command in the Triggered Actions of the group. In
this case, the group aircraft will appear in the mission in parked configuration and
remain as such until triggered to “come alive”.
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Modal Buttons
The following modal buttons are displayed on the lower half of the Group Properties
Panel:
For AI groups:
 route
 payload
 triggered actions
 route summary
For player-controlled aircraft:








route
payload
triggered actions
route summary
INU fix point
target points
failures
waypoint properties
Route mode
When in Route mode, the data in the lower half of the Group Properties Menu is in
regards to waypoint management. Waypoints are arbitrary points on the map (Lat,
Long, and altitude) that can be chained together to create a flight route. During the
course of a mission, the group will fly from one waypoint to the next along the route line
and at each waypoint you can assign unique characteristics.
To place a new aircraft group, you will need to be in the Route mode and have an
aircraft selected. You may then left click on the map to place the groups starting point,
which will also be waypoint 1. When you place a group, its waypoint marker (circle with
its waypoint number next to it) and route line will be colored appropriately:
White - Selected unit.
Red - A Red side unit that is not selected.
Blue - A Blue side unit that is not selected.
At the starting waypoint, there will be a unit icon instead of a standard waypoint circle.
Different icons denote different types of units:
Aircraft Editor Icons (Russian/Western)
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NATO
Unit Type
Utility helicopter
Attack helicopter
Reconnaissance helicopter
Anti-ship/Anti-submarine helicopter
Fighter aircraft
Attack aircraft
Reconnaissance aircraft
Bomber aircraft
Transport aircraft
AWACS (Airborne Early Warning and Control)
Anti-ship/Anti-submarine aircraft
Tanker
UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle)
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For each waypoint of the route, the following options can be set in the waypoint control
panel as described above.
WAYPNT (waypoints). The WAYPNT fields allow you to cycle between waypoints you
have created, and by left clicking on the World Map you will add a waypoint. The left
field displays the currently selected waypoint and you can cycle it by pressing the left
and right arrow buttons. The field on the right displays the total number of waypoints in
the route. The circle and waypoint number of the selected waypoint will be colored
yellow on the map.
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NAME. For each waypoint you can assign a unique name. Type the name of the
waypoint in this field and this name will then appear next to the waypoint on the map.
TYPE. Each waypoint can be assigned a type of action that the aircraft will perform
when it is at that waypoint. These include:

Turning Point. This is the most common and basic waypoint and will result in
the aircraft performing a lead turn ahead of the actual waypoint location to
complete the turn on course for the following waypoint.

Fly Over Point. Much like a Turing Point, a Fly Over Point will sequence the
aircraft from the preceding waypoint to the next, but only after passing directly
over the waypoint location. This will result in a course correction required to
come on course for the following waypoint.

Takeoff from Runway. This Type is only available when waypoint 1 is selected
and it allows the aircraft to start on the runway threshold with all systems up
and running. When set to Takeoff, the waypoint will snap to the nearest airfield
or FARP.

Takeoff from Ramp. This Type is only available when waypoint 1 is selected
and it allows the aircraft to start on the parking apron (ramp) with all systems
shut down. When set to Takeoff, the waypoint will snap to the nearest airfield or
FARP.

Landing. This Type is only available when the last waypoint in the route is
selected; the waypoint will automatically snap to the nearest airfield or FARP.
ALT (altitude). The altitude setting will set the altitude in meters that the aircraft will be
at when it reaches the waypoint. To set this, you can either use the left and right arrow
buttons or type it into the field.
ALTITUDE TYPE. Altitude can be set in meters above Mean Sea Level (MSL) - altitude
measured relative to sea level (constant) or in meters Above Ground Level (AGL) altitude measured directly over the ground below. Because terrain elevations vary
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throughout the theater, setting an AGL altitude will result in the aircraft following the
terrain contours along the route leg for the waypoint. On the other hand, setting an MSL
altitude will result in level flight at the set altitude, unless obstructed by terrain (such as
when attempting to maintain a low-level MSL altitude in mountainous terrain).
SPEED. Indicates the desired ground speed for the waypoint as set by the user when
the speed is locked or as automatically calculated by the mission editor when the speed
is unlocked. Note, at high altitudes the ground speed is significantly different (higher)
than indicated airspeed, which is displayed in the aircraft cockpit.
SPEED LOCK CHECKBOX. Selects between manual and automatic entry of the desired
speed for the waypoint. Not applicable to a starting waypoint.
If the speed is locked, the group will attempt to maintain the desired speed on the route
leg from the preceding waypoint to the current one.
ETA. (Estimated Time of Arrival). Indicates the desired arrival time for the waypoint (or
group start time in the case of the initial waypoint). This is set by the user if the ETA is
locked or calculated automatically by the mission editor if the ETA is unlocked.
ETA LOCK CHECKBOX. Selects between manual and automatic entry of the desired
ETA for the waypoint. The ETA is locked for the initial waypoint (group start time) by
default.
When locked, the ETA field can be used to set a delayed group activation in the mission
by setting an ETA for the initial waypoint at a time past the mission starting time. For
example, if the mission is set to start at 12:00:00/1 and the user wishes to have the
group appear in the mission 15 minutes after the mission starts, he can lock the ETA for
waypoint-1 at 12:15:00/1. Furthermore, if the user wishes for the group to appear in the
mission based on a triggered event of unknown time, he can set the ETA for the starting
time past any likely mission time, such as 100 days later (12:00:00/100). In such a
scenario, the group will not appear until triggered by the scripted event or the starting
ETA is reached.
If the ETA for the waypoint results in calculated speeds that are too slow or too fast for
the aircraft type, the font will become red to indicate an invalid entry and a
corresponding error message will appear when the user attempts to close the properties
panel or save the mission. See above for more information.
Waypoint Mode Buttons
These three buttons allow you to add, edit and delete route waypoints.

ADD – In ADD mode, each press of the left mouse button over the map adds a
new waypoint. This mode is selected on by default when a Group Properties
Menu is open.

EDIT– In EDIT mode, existing waypoints can be selected on the map for editing
in the waypoint properties panel.

DEL – Pressing this buttons deletes the selected waypoint.
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Payload mode
The Payload screen allows you to set the aircraft's external stores (weapons, fuel tanks,
and pods), internal fuel, quantities of chaff, flares and gun rounds, and the paint
scheme.
Payload options
Aircraft stations
Internal loading
At the top of the Payload page is a drawing of the aircraft (head-on) that illustrates the
station number assigned to each station. Stations can load weapons, fuel tanks, and
pods according to the aircraft and station.
Below the illustration is the Loading Chart and this lists each loading payload package as
a separate line. To the left of each line is the name of the payload package, and each
column to the right represents a different station and what is loaded on it. To select a
payload package, click on it and it will be highlighted. If you right click your mouse on a
station box in the chart, a pop-up window lists the possible types of payloads that can
be hung on that station and by then moving your mouse to the right you can select the
specific payload to load on that station. At the bottom of the pop-up window is the
Remove option that allows you to clear the station.
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Below the Loading Chart is a group of five buttons that allow you to manage the chart.
These include:

NEW. In addition to the existing payload packages, you may press the NEW
button at the bottom of the Loading Chart to create your own. Upon doing so, a
pop-up window will prompt you to create a name for the new package. After you
create a name and press the OK button to accept it, a new line on the loading
chart with the name you entered will be displayed. You may then load each
station using the right-mouse click function on each station.

COPY. You may also create new payload packages by making a copy of an
existing one and then modifying it. To do so, select the package you want to use
as a base and then press the COPY button. When you do so, you will be
prompted to create a new name for the package. Once you do so, a new payload
package line will be created with the new name but using the package
assignment of the base-payload you selected.

DEL. To remove a payload package from the chart, select the package you want
to remove and then press the DEL (delete) button.

RENAME. If you are not satisfied with the name of a payload package, you may
select the package and then press the Rename button. You will then be
prompted to enter a new name for the package. Once you press OK, the
package will be renamed.

EXPORT. When you create an aircraft group and set its TASK, a group of
payload packages will be automatically associated with that task. The Export
button allows you to associate a payload package with another Task. For
example, if you have an all-ATGM package in the CAS Task that you also want to
use as a Ground Attack Task package, you could select the package in CAS and
then Export it to Ground Attack. The next time you create a Ground Attack
Tasked group, the package would then appear as one of the payload options.
To the right of the Payload screen is a set of controls that allow you to adjust the
internal loading of the aircraft and the paint it will wear.
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
FUEL (slider). The FUEL slider can be dragged left/right to set the amount of
fuel loaded on the aircraft in per cent of maximum.

FUEL WEIGHT. Loaded internal fuel as a kilogram (kg) value.

EMPTY. Empty weight of the aircraft without fuel and payload package in
kilograms.

WEAPONS. Total weight of all loaded stores on stations in kilograms.

MAX. This field displays the maximum, safe total weight of the aircraft in
kilograms.

TOTAL. Total weight of aircraft to include empty weight, fuel weight, and
payload package weight in kilograms.
The non-interactive slider bar below the MAX and TOTAL fields provides a visual
indication of the maximum percent of loading on the aircraft as a percentage.
Non-fuel internal loading of the aircraft is listed next:
 CHAFF. Number of chaff bundles loaded. This can be decreased/increased using
the "<" - ">" arrow buttons.
 FLARE. Number of flares loaded. This can be decreased/increased using the "<"
- ">" arrow buttons.
Note, the total number of chaff and flares is limited by the number of countermeasure
cartridges on the aircraft, so increasing one will decrease the other.
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

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GUN. Percent of maximum number of cannon rounds that can be loaded.
AMMO TYPE. Selection of the ammunition type loaded for the gun.
COLOR SCHEME. Selection of the aircraft paint scheme ("skin"). The number of
choices depends on the aircraft.
Triggered Actions mode
The Triggered Actions button opens the Triggered Actions Panel. This panel can be used
to add or edit group actions analogous to the Advanced Actions Panel, but activated
based on trigger rules as scripted in the Triggers Menu using the AI TASK trigger action.
Summary mode
The Summary panel provides information on the entire flight route of the selected air
group.
START TIME. The mission start time for the group in Hour:Minute:Second/Day.
ROUTE TIME. How long it will take the aircraft to fly the route, assuming no departures
from the planned route. This is indicated in Hour:Minute:Second/Day format.
ROUTE LENGTH. Total distance of the route in meters.
AVERAGE SPEED. The average indicated airspeed of the route by totaling the assigned
airspeed of each route leg and then dividing by the number of legs.
RANGE. The distance as the crow flies between the start and end waypoints of the
route.
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INU Fix Point
The INU Fix Point button opens the INU FIX POINT panel. This panel is used to place
reference points with known earth coordinates for the Inertial Navigation Unit (INU) of
the player aircraft. These points can be used to update the INU when flying over or
designating them using the targeting system. Usually visible landmarks are used as
update locations, such as bridges or other easily identified landmarks.
The coordinates of the point will appear in the INU FIX POINT panel. Fix Points can be
placed directly on the map using the mouse in ADD mode or moved over the map in
EDIT mode. Pressing the DEL button will delete the fix point.
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Target Point mode
The Target Point mode allows you to set target points for the navigation system.
Target Points can be used by the mission designer to designate coordinate points on the
ground as targets. These points can be selected by the pilot in flight using the "OT"
button on the navigation system and are indicated on the PVI-800 and ABRIS displays.
Target Points Panel
Target Point Number
Target
Target Point #1
stored as "TRG01"
Comment
Target Point Coordinates
ADD. Add a new Target Point.
EDIT. In EDIT mode, the Target Point can be moved over the map by clicking and
dragging the point.
DEL. Delete the selected Target Point.
The Target Point panel indicates the latitude/longitude coordinates of the selected
Target Point.
The Comment field allows you to add a custom comment for the selected Target Point.
Note, the navigation system of the Ka-50 can store up to 10 Target Points.
In flight, Target Points 0 - 9 can be selected on the PVI control panel.
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Selected Target Point
indication on the ABRIS
Selected Target Point
indicationon the PVI
Target Point Mode
Failures mode
The FAILURES Panel allows you to set the aircraft's failures. . The list of failures
depends of aircraft type.
Your aircraft might be damaged in combat as the result of a missile or shell hit. To be
ready for such a situation and to be able to fly the aircraft when onboard systems have
failed, this tool allows you to simulate such failures. Select the Failures button and
specify in the failures panel the device you want to fail. Specify the exact failure time for
the device or a Time Between Failure (TBF) if you wish to simulate failures without an
exact failure time, but will occur within that specified time frame. For example: if you
specify 30 in the Within field for the left engine, this means that your left engine will fail
within the next 30 minutes. If you were to specify 0:15 in the After field, the failure will
occur with set probability within the next 30 minutes after 15 minutes after takeoff.
Additionally, you can adjust the probability of failures by adjusting the Probability (%)
field using the arrow buttons. The Probability ranges between 0% (no chance) to 100%
(certain failure). Note that failure(s) only apply to the Player aircraft.
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Along the left side of the window is the DEVICE list that can be used to set an in-mission
failure.
To the right of each device line is a set of fields that allow you to set a time frame from
mission start that the failure will occur and the probability that the failure will occur.

AFTER (hh:mm). Input the hour and minutes from mission start that the failure
will occur.

WITHIN (mm). Use the third field to determine the time that the failure may
happen.

The PROBABILITY (%) field allows you to enter the probability as a percentage
(0 – 100) that the failure will occur in the mission.
The steps needed to set aircraft failures include:
1. Check the checkbox of the desired failure.
2. Set the time at or after which the failure is to take place (hh:mm).
3. Set the time within which the failure is to take place (mm).
4. Set the probability for the failure to occur (%).
For example, to set a left engine failure an hour into the flight within a 15-minute time
span and a 50% probability, check the L-ENGINE Device box, enter 01:00 in the After
field, enter 15 in the Within field, and enter 50 in the Probability field.
At the bottom of the window are two additional controls:

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RAND. Pressing the random button will randomly select devices to fail and set
random time windows and probabilities.
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CLEAR. The clear button will disable all failures and set all time windows and
probabilities to zero.
Note, the mission editor supports group copy/paste functionality. To copy a group,
select it and press CTRL+C. To paste the group with identical properties, position the
mouse over the desired point on the map and press CTRL+V.
Waypoint Properties mode (A-10C only)
Attributes define the steering modes selected for the desired steerpoint. These steering
modes are; scale, steer, vertical navigation (2D/3D), vertical angle (when in 3D mode
only), and selected vertical angle (when in 3D mode only).
Scale/Steer Modes
The CDU provides four scale modes; ENROUTE, TERMINAL, high accuracy (HIGH ACC),
and APPROACH. The ENROUTE, TERMINAL, high accuracy (HIGH ACC), and APPROACH
scales determine the sensitivity of the HSI course deviation indicator and ADI GSI (when
3D vertical steering mode is selected) as described in figure below.
Scale Modes
SCALE
ENROUTE
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HSI Course Deviation Indicator Sensitivity
ADI Glide Slope Sensitivity
1 DOT
2 DOTS
1 DOT
2 DOTS
2.00 NM
4.00 NM
500 FT
1000 FT
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TERMINAL
0.50 NM
1.00 NM
250 FT
500 FT
APPROACH
1.5 DEG
3.0 DEG1
0.35 DEG
0.70 DEG
HIGH ACC
0.05 NM
0.10 NM
100 FT
200 FT
* Never less than 350 ft
There are four scale modes; ENROUTE, TERMINAL, APPROACH, and high accuracy
(HIGH ACC). These scale modes determine the sensitivity of the HSI Course Deviation
Indicator (CDI) and the ADI GSI. The HIGH ACC is the most sensitive mode, and the
ENROUTE mode is the least sensitive mode. The scale attribute displayed on the
Attributes (ATTRIB) Page or Waypoint (WAYPT) Page 2/2 is waypoint specific. The scale
attribute displayed on the Waypoint Attributes (WPTATT) Page is flight plan specific.
The CDU provides four steer modes; TO FROM, DIRECT, TO TO, and SCS. Three steer
modes are described below:

TO FROM - the commanded course is the great circle path along the course
entered via the HSI COURSE SET knob to/from the selected steerpoint.

DIRECT - the commanded course is the great circle path from the aircraft
position at the time the DIRECT mode is selected to the selected steerpoint.
Subsequently, each time a new steerpoint is selected, a course is computed from
the aircraft’s position at that instant to the new steerpoint.

TO TO - the commanded course is the great circle path from the designated
From point, displayed on the CDU FROM Page (Figure 1-65), to the selected
steerpoint.
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Steering Modes
TO FROM
DIRECT
TO TO
SCS
HSI course deviation
indicator indicates
deviation from the
course passing through
the steerpoint at the
heading selected using
HSI COURSE SET knob.
When 3D mode is
selected, ADI glide slope
indicator indicates
vertical deviation from a
line passing through the
selected steerpoint at a
computed or manually
entered vertical angle.
HSI course deviation
HSI course deviation
HSI course deviation indicator indicates
indicator indicates deviation indicator indicates
deviation from the course selected using
from course computed by deviation from course from HSI COURSE SET knob. When 3D mode
CDU from the aircraft
the From point to present is selected, ADI glide slope indicator
position at the moment
steerpoint (computed by indicates vertical deviation from a line
DIRECT was selected to the CDU). When 3D mode is passing through the position at the
selected steerpoint; or,
selected, ADI glide slope moment SCS was selected at a
when DIRECT is the
indicator indicates vertical computed or manually entered vertical
selected steer mode, the
deviation from a line
angle. If a vertical angle is not entered,
course from the aircraft
connecting the From point the vertical angle defaults to 0 degrees.
position when a new
to the current steerpoint
steerpoint is selected to the (computed vertical angle) NOTE
new steerpoint. When 3D or manually entered
When ANCHR is selected, the SCS steer
mode is selected, ADI glide vertical angle.
mode can not be selected on the
slope indicator indicates
ATTRIB Page (SCS LSK is inactive).
vertical deviation from a
If the SCS steer mode has been selected
line connecting the aircraft
and then ANCHR is selected on the
position at the moment
NMSP, the SCS mode is automatically
DIRECT was selected, or a
deselected and steering cues are
new steerpoint is selected,
provided to the anchor point. These
to the selected steerpoint
steering cues are determined by the
(computed vertical angle)
attributes of the waypoint that is the anor manually entered vertical
chor point.
angle.
Vertical Nav (2D/3D) Mode Selection
The EGI provides both two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) vertical navigation
modes for driving the HSI and the ADI. When the 3D mode is selected, a manually
entered or computed vertical angle can be selected. The 2D/3D vertical navigation
(VNAV MODE) and vertical angle (VANGLE) modes are waypoint and/or flight plan
specific attributes. The VNAV MODE and VANGLE attributes displayed on the Attributes
(ATTRIB) Page or Waypoint (WAYPT) Page 2/2 are waypoint specific. The VNAV MODE
and VANGLE attributes displayed on the Waypoint Attributes (WPTATT) Page are flight
plan specific. The waypoint specific VNAV MODE and VANGLE attributes are
entered/changed using the ATTRIB Page or WAYPT Page 2/2
In the TO FROM and 2D mode, horizontal guidance is provided to a line passing through
the steerpoint at the magnetic heading selected using the HSI course set knob and as
indicated by the HSI course arrow and course selector window and the HSI SET AT CRS:
field on the CDU ATTRIB Page.
In the TO FROM, 3D, and COMPUTED mode, vertical guidance is provided to a line at
the vertical angle determined by the line passing through the steerpoint (at selected
magnetic heading) to the altitude of the aircraft when the TO FROM mode was selected.
In the TO FROM, 3D, and ENTERED mode, vertical guidance is provided to a line
passing through the steerpoint at the manually entered vertical angle.
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Advanced Actions Menu (aircraft groups)
Pressing the Advanced tab open the Advanced Actions Menu, which lists the actions
associated with the selected waypoint:
This panel is used to set (add/edit/delete) group actions (Tasks, Enroute Tasks,
Commands, Options), which are tasked to the AI at this waypoint by the user or
generated automatically by the Mission Editor.
Panel Interface Controls
The following buttons are located at the bottom of the Advanced Actions Menu:

ADD. Adds a new action to the list. When pressed, a default No Task action is
created, which can be edited in the Action Settings pop-up panel to the left.

INS. Inserts a new action above the currently selected one.

EDIT. Opens the Action Settings pop-up panel to display and edit the settings of
the action. The same functionality is duplicated when clicking on any route
waypoint on the map.

DEL. Deletes the selected action.

UP. Moves the selected action up the list.

DOWN. Moves the selected action down the list.
Actions List
The Actions list includes all Tasks, Enroute Tasks, Commands, and Options associated
with the currently selected waypoint (to be more precise, associated with arrival at the
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currently selected waypoint by lead AI unit of the group). The actions are executed
sequentially or as prioritized once the group leader reaches the waypoint.
As discussed previously, Tasks and Enroute Tasks are executed as processes, i.e. requite
time to complete. Commands are executed instantaneously. Options set rules and
limitations for the group.
Only one Task can be performed at a time. Some additional priority rules apply when
triggered actions are present in addition to standard waypoint actions, which we will
discuss below.
Multiple Enroute Tasks can be active at the same time, but only one can be executed at
a time. All Enroute Tasks are stopped if a Task needs to be performed. If an Enroute
Tasks is stopped to perform a Task, the Enroute Task is reactivated upon completion of
the Task.
Commands and Options are executed instantaneously according to the order in the
actions list or priority setting.
All actions listed in the actions list are displayed using a standard format of Action
Number, Action Type with parameter(s), Action Name, Action Attribute:
<number>.<type>(<parameter #1>, <parameter #2>, … <parameter #n>)“<name>”
-<attribute #1> -<attribute #2> …-<attribute #n>
The Action Name is an optional custom name for the action for easier identification in
the actions list. This field can be left blank (empty).
The Action Attributes are used to reference one or more of the following possible
attributes:

“-x” – disabled action;

“-a” – automatically generated action;

“-!” – invalid action. This attribute indicates an incorrect action, usually resulting
from the action being incompatible with the group's mission task as set in the
Group Properties Panel. This may be due to the mission designer changing the
group's mission task after creating the action;

“-?/” – action includes a start condition;

“-/?” – action includes a stop condition;

“-?/?” – action includes both a start and stop condition;

“-ref” – action was started at a previous waypoint.
Additionally, black, grey and red font colors are used to denote:
black – valid action;
grey – automatically generated action;
red – invalid action.
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Example of actions for an Su-25 attack group at WP2.
Automatically generated
action CAS (gray)
Automatically generated
action
Task, orbit
Action was started at a
previous waypoint
Task, Attack group
Start condition enabled
Command, set frequency
Stop condition enabled
Disabled action
Option, flare using
Number
Action
Parameter
Name
Attributes
Let's examine a sample scenario of 6 actions to better understand the execution
sequencing based on the action type, list order, and priority setting:
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#1. Enroute Task 1 (Search Then Engage in Zone)
#2. Task 1 (Attack Group)
#3. Command ( Switch Frequency)
#4. Option (Flare Using)
#5. Enroute Task 2 (Search Then Engage Group) Priority=0
#6. Task 2 (Attack Unit)
P
r
i
o
r
i
t
y
Task 1
Command execute
Option execute
Task 2
Start enroute task 2 (pending)
Start enroute task 1 (pending)
Enroute
task 1
execute
Enroute task 2
execute
Enroute
task 1
(pending)
Enroute task 1 execute
Time
At mission start, the AI has two concurrent actions: action #1 (Enroute Task 1 <Search
Then Engage in Zone>) and action #2 (Task 1 <Attack Group>). Unless set otherwise
by the mission designer, any Task has a higher priority over any Enroute Task, so the AI
begins to execute action #2, while storing action #1 in memory. Once action #2 is
completed (or is no longer executable), the AI proceeds to execute action #3
(Command <Set Frequency>), action #4 (Option <Flare Using>), action #6 (Task
<Attack Unit>), while also starting #5 (Enroute Task 2 <Search Then Engage Group>)
and storing it in memory. Although both action #1 and action #5 (enroute tasks) are
now running in the background, they cannot be executed while action #6 (a task) is
underway. Once action #6 is completed (or is no longer executable), the AI can return
its attention to actions #1 and #5. The conditions for action #1 become true first, so
the AI begin to execute this action. However, action #5 has the higher priority setting of
<0>, so when the conditions for both action #1 and action #5 are in effect, action #1 is
stopped and action #5 is executed. Once action #5 is completed, the AI can return to
executing action #1.
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Triggered Actions
Tasks activated by a trigger will have a higher execution priority over waypoint Tasks.
For example, if a triggered Task is activated while a waypoint Task is underway, the
waypoint Task will be stopped and stacked in memory while the AI switches to the
triggered Task. Once the triggered Task is completed (or skipped due to not being
possible), the previously running waypoint Task will be resumed.
Enroute Tasks activated by a trigger will be added to the list of currently active Enroute
Tasks. As with waypoint Enroute Tasks, triggered Enroute Tasks remain active until
stopped by a stop condition.
Action Properties Panel
Upper Action Properties Panel
Lower Action Properties Panel
The Action Properties Panel is used to configure the properties of the action selected in
the actions list. The panel can be opened by pressing the ADD, INS or EDIT buttons in
the action list, or by double-clicking an action. By default, pressing the ADD button adds
a "No Task" action and opens a black Action Properties Panel. In the Action Properties
Panel, the actions in the actions list can be cycled using the NUMBER </> buttons in the
properties panel.
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Upper Action Properties Panel
The Upper Action Properties Panel is used to set the main action properties, including
the action type, as well as access the start and stop condition panels of the action:
TYPE – action type drop-down menu.

Perform Task – set a Task action;

Start Enroute Task – start an Enroute Task action;

Perform Command – set a Command action;

Set Option – set an Option action.
ACTION – action drop down menu to select the specific action of the action type
chosen in the TYPE menu (specific actions discussed below).
NUMBER – indicates the selected action's sequence number in the actions list panel.
ENABLE (check-box) – removing the check disables the selected action and adds an "x" attribute in the actions list panel. This function allows you to test AI behavior with
and without the selected action without having to delete and re-create it in the actions
list.
NAME (input string) – input in this field is optional and can be used to enter a custom
action ID to ease navigation and identification of the action for the mission designer or
other potential users.
CONDITION - this button opens and closes the Start Conditions Panel. Start conditions
can be used to set rules for the selected action to begin and can include: mission time,
logical variable (flag state), probability, and custom scripting in Lua code language.
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All of the start condition operate using a "OR" rule. When multiple conditions are set,
any one being true will activate the action.
TIME – sets the in-game mission time after which this condition is in effect.
IS USER FLAG – sets a flag number and status (on/true or off/false) as a start
condition. The flag number can be entered manually or cycled using the left/right arrow
keys. The flag state is set using the checkbox to the right of the flag number. If the box
is checked, the flag needs to be on/true for the condition to be in effect. If the box is
unchecked, the flag needs to be off/false for the condition to be in effect. Flags can be
set on and off using the trigger functions in the Trigger Menu.
If flag 2 is ON/TRUE
If flag 2 is OFF/FALSE
PROBABILITY – sets the probability in per cent of the action being started.
CONDITION (LUA EXPRESSION) – this window can be used to enter a custom
expression for the action using Lua code language. The code entered will be generated
as a function:
function <generated_name>()
return <lua code>
end,
This function will be run periodically by the simulation and used as a start condition for
the action.
STOP CONDITION - this button opens and closes the Stop Conditions Panel. Stop
conditions can be used to set rules for the selected action to end and can include:
mission time, logical variable (flag state), custom scripting in Lua code language,
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duration in time since the action was started, and a route waypoint (for Enroute Tasks
only).
While Tasks can be stopped either by a stop condition or by the AI in-game when the
task is completed (or skipped), Enroute Tasks are designed to be in effect for the
duration of the route, so can only be stopped using a stop condition.
The Stop Conditions Panel varies slightly between Tasks and Enroute Tasks:
Stop Conditions
Panel for Tasks
Stop Conditions
Panel for Enroute Tasks
The TIME, IS USER FLAG and CONDITION (LUA EXPRESSION) functions are identical to
the Start Conditions Panel.
The DURATION function sets the maximum duration in time for the action to be active.
The action will be stopped once the set duration time is exceeded. This can be a useful
condition for Orbit tasks to limit the AI's time on station.
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The LAST WP functions sets the waypoint at which the action will be stopped.
Configuring Advanced Actions
Once an action is selected in the ACTION drop down menu of the Upper Action
Properties Panel, the action properties appear in the Lower Action Properties Panel and
can be customized by the mission designer.
The specific actions available for selection depend on the type of group being edited and
the group task (CAS, Intercept, etc.). If the group task is changed after initial group
creation, it may conflict with the actions already set in the actions list. In such cases, the
invalid action(s) will be presented in red font and a "!" attribute will be added to indicate
an invalid action. An error window will also pop up if the user attempts to close the
group Properties Panel or save the mission.
Altered group task
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Automatic Actions
An air group's task setting (CAS, Intercept, etc.) does not affect its behavior in-game,
but only serves to filter the available actions in the Advanced Actions Panel.
To allow users to build missions without involving themselves with the Advanced Actions
Panel, an initial action is automatically generated for the air group at the initial waypoint.
This action appears as a repeater of the group task, however in this case it does
determine the groups behavior in-game. Any automatic action includes the "-a" attribute
in the actions list. This action is automatically repeated as a reference with a "-ref"
attribute at all other route waypoints.
If the group task is changed after creation, the automatic actions are automatically
changed accordingly. The group task actions can also be added manually using the
Advanced Actions Panel.
The following group tasks generate automatic actions of the same type: "AWACS",
"Refuleing", "CAS", "CAP", "Fighter Sweep", "SEAD" and "Anti-ship". In all cases other
then "AWACS" and "Refueling", the automatic actions are in fact Enroute Tasks to
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search for then engage targets appropriate to the task. Because these actions are
automatic, the properties of these actions are pre-determined and cannot be edited.
Tasks
As mentioned above, the Tasks available for a group depend on the group type and the
group task.
The following Tasks may be available, depending on the group task:

No Task

Attack Group

Attack Unit

Attack Map Object

Bombing

Bombing Runway

Orbit

FAC - Assign Group

Refueling

Follow

Escort
No Task
Available for all group types and all mission tasks. A No Task action does not set any
action for the group to perform.
Attack Group
Attack a specific enemy air, ground or naval group as designated by the mission
designer. Applicable to:
Group type(s): fixed wing and helicopter groups;
Group Task(s): "SEAD", "CAS", "AFAC" (can only designate ground groups as targets),
"Anti-ship" (can only designate naval groups as targets), "Intercept" (can only designate
air groups as targets).
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Note: the Attack Group Task assumes full situational awareness for the attacking group.
The target's location will always be known and the group will always attempt an attack if
conditions permit.
The target group can be designated by selecting it from the GROUP drop-down menu in
the Lower Action Properties Panel or by left-clicking over the target group on the map.
When designated as the target, a red triangle appears over the target group and a
dashed line connects the target triangle to the waypoint of the action.
The Lower Action Properties Panel also allows you to set the specific weapon type for
the attacking group to employ against this target or, alternatively, leave this choice up
to the AI using the default "Auto" setting. If a specific weapon type is set, but the attack
is not possible using this weapon type (for example, if the weapon type is missing from
the payload or has been exhausted), the attack will not be performed.
Target Panel:
GROUP. Drop down menu to select the target group from all applicable enemy groups
available in the mission.
WEAPONS. Drop down menu to select the weapon types cleared to use for this action.

AUTO. Automatic selection of weapons by the AI.

Unguided. Unguided bombs, rockets, cannon.
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
Cannon. Cannon only.

Rockets. Unguided rockets only.

Light Rockets. Low-caliber unguided rockets.

Heavy Rockets. High-caliber unguided rockets.

Bombs. Unguided bombs only.

Iron Bombs. General-purpose free-fall bombs.

Cluster Bombs. Cluster bombs only.

Candle Bombs. Illumination bombs only.

Guided. Guided munitions (bombs, missiles).

Guided Bombs. Guided bombs only.

Missiles. Guided air to surface missiles.

ATGM. Anti-tank guided missiles only.

ASM. Anti-ship missiles only.

Cruise Missiles. Cruise missiles only.
Note, by limiting the AI on the types of weapons cleared for use in the action, you may
prevent the AI from successfully executing it (for example, when the weapon type has
been exchausted).
Attack Unit
Similar to the Attack Group Task, but allows the mission designer to designate a specific
unit within the target group to attack.
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In addition to selecting a specific group unit as a target, the Attack Unit Task can be
used to designate a static object as a target using the STATIC drop-down menu or by
left-clicking a static object on the map. This task also allows the mission designer to set
the amount of munitions to expend and number of attack runs.
Target Panel:
GROUP. Drop down menu to select the target group from all applicable enemy groups
available in the mission.
UNIT. Drop down menu to select the specific unit of the target group to attack.
STATIC. Drop down menu to select a static object as the target (bunker, FARP, etc.)
WEAPONS. Drop down menu to select the weapon types cleared to use for this action.
EXPEND. The amount of payload cleared to expend in executing this action.
MAX ATTACK QTY. The maximum number of attack runs cleared for this action.
GROUP ATTACK. When checked, the entire flight group will participate in the attack of
the target. By default, each aircraft in a flight group is assigned one target.
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Attack Map Object
Attack a specific structure or object on the map, such as a bridge, bunker, etc., based
on a map coordinate position. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): fixed-wing and helicopter groups;
Group Task(s): "Pinpoint Strike", "Ground Attack", "Runway Attack".
Because world structures are not individually selectable on the map, this Task
designates a target point on the map with a red triangle and dashed line connecting the
target point to the Task waypoint. You can drag the target point using the mouse to
position it over the desired target on the map. Once the Task is initiated, the AI will
attempt to find the closest structure or object to the target point and attack it using the
weapons set in the task properties.
Target Panel:
WEAPONS. Drop down menu to select the weapon types cleared to use for this action.
EXPEND. The amount of payload cleared to expend in executing this action.
MAX ATTACK QTY. The maximum number of attack runs cleared for this action.
GROUP ATTACK. When checked, the entire flight group will participate in the attack of
the target. By default, each aircraft in a flight group is assigned one target.
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Bombing
Deliver air-to-ground ordnance onto the map coordinate as designated by the mission
designer. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): fixed-wing and helicopter groups;
Group Task(s): "Pinpoint Strike", "Ground Attack", "Runway Attack".
Unlike the Attack Map Object Task, the Attack Coordinate Task will set the AI to attack
the specific point on the map and not the closest map object in the vicinity. In other
words, if you place the target point over an empty piece of dirt, the AI will attempt to
deliver weapons onto this particular point.
As with other attack Tasks, you can configure the Task properties, including the
weapons to be employed.
Target Panel:
WEAPONS. Drop down menu to select the weapon types cleared to use for this action.
EXPEND. The amount of payload cleared to expend in executing this action.
MAX ATTACK QTY. The maximum number of attack runs cleared for this action.
GROUP ATTACK. When checked, the entire flight group will participate in the attack of
the target. By default, each aircraft in a flight group is assigned one target.
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Bombing Runway
Attack enemy airbase runways. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): fixed-wing and helicopter groups;
Group Task(s): "Runway Attack".
The target airbase can be selected from the RUNWAY drop-down menu or by selecting
the target airbase on the map using the mouse.
Target Panel:
RUNWAY. Drop down menu to select the target airbase.
WEAPONS. Drop down menu to select the weapon types cleared to use for this action.
EXPEND. The amount of payload cleared to expend in executing this action.
MAX ATTACK QTY. The maximum number of attack runs cleared for this action.
GROUP ATTACK. When checked, the entire flight group will participate in the attack of
the target. By default, each aircraft in a flight group is assigned one target.
Orbit
Set the air group to orbit "on station" while awaiting for further conditions to proceed
with the mission. Applicable to:
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Group Type(s): fixed-wing and helicopter groups;
Group Task(s): all mission tasks.
The TYPE drop-down menu allows the mission designer to select between a race-track
pattern (loop between the current and subsequent waypoints) or a circle pattern. When
circle pattern is selected, the orbit will be centered on the orbit waypoint.
The SPEED and ALTITUDE settings set the airspeed in knots and altitude in feet for the
pattern.
Circle pattern
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Race-Track pattern
An Orbit Task will be stopped by the AI automatically upon reaching Bingo fuel state,
when the AI only has enough fuel to return to base (RTB).
The Task can also be stopped using the Stop Conditions Panel by setting one or more
stop conditions for the task.
The Orbit Task allows the mission designer to create scenarios for the AI group to hold
off on proceeding with the route until certain conditions are met. These can include a
radio command from the player scripted through the Triggers Menu, the destruction of
an enemy unit, such as a SAM threat, or the presence of particular units inside a
designated zone. Any actions anticipated for the group after entering an orbit station
should be added in the actions list below the Orbit Task.
FAC - Assign Group
This task creates an Airborne Forward Air Controller (AFAC) to direct friendly aircraft
onto a target group designated by the mission designer. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): fixed wing and helicopter groups in BLUE coalition only;
Group Task(s): "AFAC".
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Targeting actions will begin when friendly units arrive in the area and establish
communication with the AFAC.
Note: the FAC: Assign Group Task assumes full situational awareness for the AFAC. The
target's location will always be known and the AFAC will always attempt prosecute the
attack if conditions permit, even when the target has not been independently detected
by the AFAC.
The FAC will only provide targeting against the group designated as the target in the
mission editor and will not target other groups.
The FAC- Assign Group Task allows you to set the weapon type(s) for the FAC to
request from the attacking groups, as well as the designation method (auto, smoke
marker ("Willy Pete", WP), IR-pointer or Laser. You can also set whether the AFAC will
be equipped with datalink capability.
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Refueling
Set the air group to refueling for forced following to nearest tanker and refueling.
After refueling the group will resume assigned route.
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Follow
Air group to follow other air group.
Group Type(s): fixed-wing and helicopter groups.
Group Task(s): All.
The target air group can be selected from the GROUP drop-down menu or by selecting
the air group to follow on the map using the mouse.
Target Panel:
GROUP. Drop down menu to select the air group.
POSITION X. Formation side-to-side location of group to group being followed.
POSITION Y. Formation forward and back location of group to group being followed.
POSITION Z. Formation altitude difference of group to group being followed.
LAST WYPT. Waypoint at which Follow action ends.
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Escort
Air group to escort other air group. Escort group will engage threats to escotee air
group.
Group Type(s): fixed-wing and helicopter groups.
Group Task(s): Escort.
The target air group can be selected from the GROUP drop-down menu or by selecting
the air group to escort on the map using the mouse.
Target Panel:
GROUP. Drop down menu to select the air group.
POSITION X. Formation side-to-side location of group to group being followed.
POSITION Y. Formation forward and back location of group to group being followed.
POSITION Z. Formation altitude difference of group to group being followed.
LAST WYPT. Waypoint at which Follow action ends.
ENGAGE DIST. Distance between threat and escorted flight that will cause the escort
flight to engage the threat.
Threat Type List. Check types of threats that escort flight is cleared to engage as part
of escort task.
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Enroute Tasks
As mentioned previously, the Enroute Tasks available for a group depend on the group
type (fixed wing or helicopter group) and the group task. Remember, unlike Tasks,
Enroute Tasks involve target groups the AI will have to independently detect prior to
being able to conduct an attack. The AI's ability to detect enemy groups depends on a
number of factors, including the sensors carried by the aircraft, AI skill setting, weather,
etc.
Aircraft sensors:

Air-to-air radar

Air-to-surface radar

Multimode radar

Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)

Daytime electro-optical systems

Night-time electro-optical system

Visual detection (subject to cockpit visibility restrictions)
Attacking AI settings:

Skill setting

Airspeed

Cockpit visibility restrictions
Environmental and target factors:

Illumination level

Background terrain (forest, field, road, open water)

Direct visibility limitations due to atmospheric conditions such as fog, rain and
snow

Cloud interference

Target unit size

Target group size

Target speed

Firing activity around the target
When creating scenarios using Enroute Tasks, all of the above conditions should be
taken into account. For example, sending a daytime CAS aircraft to attack a ground
group at night or obscured in dense fog conditions may result in the failure of the
aircraft to detect the target. In addition, consider the distance of the target zone from
the AI's flight route and make sure it is within the AI's detection range.
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The following Enroute Tasks may be available, depending on the group type and task:

No Enroute Task

Search Then Engage

Search Then Engage in Zone

Search Then Engage Group

Search Then Engage Unit

Refueling

AWACS

FAC

FAC - Engage Group
No Enroute Task
Available for all group types and all mission tasks. A No Enroute Task action does not set
any action for the group to perform.
Search Then Engage
As long as the action is in effect, the AI will actively search for the target types set in
the task properties and engage as soon as possible without conflicting with other tasks.
Applicable to:
Group Type(s): fixed wing and helicopter groups.
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The list of available targets depends on the group task and the targets to be engaged
are selected using check-boxes in the Lower Action Properties Menu:
Target Panel
1. SEAD.

Air Defense
o AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
o SAM (Surface-to-Air Missile systems)
 SR SAM (Short-Range SAM systems)
 MR SAM (Medium-Range SAM systems)
 LR SAM (Long-Range SAM systems)
2. Anti-Ship.
 Naval
o Ships
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3. CAS and AFAC
 All
o Air



Helicopters
Ground
o Infantry
o Fortifications
o Vehicles
 Armor
 Tanks
 IVF (Infantry Fighting Vehicles)
 APC (Armored Personnel Carriers)
 Artillery
 Unarmed
Air Defense
o AAA (Anti-Aircraft Artillery)
o SAM (Surface-to-Air Missile systems)
 SR SAM (Short-Range SAM systems)
 MR SAM (Medium-Range SAM systems)
 LR SAM (Long-Range SAM systems)
4. Fighter Sweep and Intercept.
 Airplanes
o Fighters
o Bombers
MAX DISTANCE. This checkbox allows you to lock a specific range from the route leg
for valid targets of the action. Targets beyond this range will not be attacked.
Max. distance from
route for target attack
Start task
PRIORITY. This number is used to set the action priority in relation to other actions of
the waypoint. The priority number represents the order this action will take relative to
other actions, starting with '0' as the highest priority.
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The Search Then Engage Enroute Task can be used to create scenarios where the air
group maintains a holding pattern and leaves it to attack discovered enemy units within
the limitations set by the task properties. To do this, create the Search Then Engage
Enroute Task in the actions list after the Orbit Task.
Search Then Engage in Zone
Same as the Search Then Engage Enroute Task, but with an added restriction of a userdefined target area. The target area is a circular zone the user can place anywhere on
the map and adjust the radius. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): aircraft and helicopter groups;
Group Task(s): all group tasks, except "Fighter Sweep" and "Intercept".
The target area can be placed on the map using the left mouse button. A dashed line
connect the center of the target area (triangle marker) with the action waypoint.
Target Panel
ZONE RADIUS. This field is used to enter the radius of the target area in nautical
miles.
PRIORITY. This number is used to set the action priority in relation to other actions of
the waypoint. The priority number represents the order this action will take relative to
other actions, starting with '0' as the highest priority.
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Like the Search Then Engage Enroute Task, the Search Then Engage In Zone Enroute
Task can be used to create scenarios where the air group maintains a holding pattern
and leaves it to attack discovered enemy units within the target area and the limitations
set by the task properties. To do this, create the Search Then Engage in Zone Enroute
Task in the actions list after the Orbit Task.
Search Then Engage Group
Analogous to the Attack Group Task, but requires the attacking group to independently
detect the target group prior to conducting an attack.
Target Panel
GROUP. Drop down menu to select the target group from all applicable enemy groups
available in the mission.
WEAPONS. Drop down menu to select the weapon types cleared to use for this action.
PRIORITY. This number is used to set the action priority in relation to other actions of
the waypoint. The priority number represents the order this action will take relative to
other actions, starting with '0' as the highest priority.
The Search Then Engage Group Task can be used to create scenarios where the air
group maintains a holding pattern and leaves it to attack the designated group
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whenever it is detected. To do this, create the Search Then Engage Group Enroute Task
in the actions list after the Orbit Task.
Search Then Engage Unit
Analogous to the Attack Unit Task, but requires the attacking group to independently
detect the target unit prior to conducting an attack.
Target Panel:
GROUP. Drop down menu to select the target group from all applicable enemy groups
available in the mission.
UNIT. Drop down menu to select the specific unit of the target group to attack.
STATIC. Drop down menu to select a static object as the target (bunker, FARP, etc.)
WEAPONS. Drop down menu to select the weapon types cleared to use for this action.
EXPEND. The amount of payload cleared to expend in executing this action.
MAX ATTACK QTY. The maximum number of attack runs cleared for this action.
GROUP ATTACK. When checked, the entire flight group will participate in the attack of
the target. By default, each aircraft in a flight group is assigned one target.
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PRIORITY. This number is used to set the action priority in relation to other actions of
the waypoint. The priority number represents the order this action will take relative to
other actions, starting with '0' as the highest priority.
The Search Then Engage Unit Task can be used to create scenarios where the air group
maintains a holding pattern and leaves it to attack the designated enemy unit whenever
it is detected. To do this, create the Search Then Engage Group Enroute Task in the
actions list after the Orbit Task.
Refueling
The aircraft will perform aerial refueling. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): airborne tanker aircraft, including IL-78 and KC-135;
Group Task(s): Refueling.
When the Refueling Mission Task is created, a Refueling Enroute Task is created
automatically as an automatic action at the initial waypoint. This action cannot be
deleted or edited.
AWACS
The aircraft will perform Airborne Warning and Control for friendly units. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): dedicated AWACS aircraft, including A-50, E-2, E-3;
Group Task(s): AWACS.
When the AWACS Mission Task is created, an AWACS Enroute Task is created
automatically as an automatic action at the initial waypoint. This action cannot be
deleted or edited.
FAC
The aircraft will act as an Airborne Forward Air Controller (AFAC) to provide targeting
orders for friendly units in the area. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): fixed wing and helicopter groups in BLUE coalition only;
Mission Task(s): AFAC.
Under a FAC Enroute Task, the FAC will automatically prioritize targets for the player or
attacking AI groups and issue targeting orders throughout the attack phase.
Note: The FAC's target selection may not correspond to the targets intended for the
player or attacking AI by the mission designer, because no specific target group is
selected.
FAC - Engage Group
Analogous to the FAC Enroute Task, except in this case a specific enemy group is
selected by the mission designer for the AFAC to target. Applicable to:
Group Type(s): fixed-wing and helicopter groups in BLUE coalition only;
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Mission Task(s): AFAC.
Remember, because this is an Enroute Task, the AFAC will have to independently detect
the target group prior to being able to issue targeting commands against it. As
described above, target detection will depend on a number of dynamic variables ingame, including possible terrain obstructions or weather interference. If no group is
designated by the mission designer, the AFAC will not issue any targeting commands.
In the case of an AFAC, the WEAPONS selection refers to weapons the AFAC will request
to be employed against the target.
The Visibility option allows the unit to know or not know the location of target position
at the start of the mission.
Perform Command
The following commands can be set as actions upon reaching a waypoint:
No Action
No command is set. Default selection.
Run Script
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Run the Lua script entered in the scratchpad.
Set Frequency
Set the group's radio communications frequency in MHz and AM/FM modulation.
Switch waypoint
When the conditions for this action are in effect, the group will navigate from the
current waypoint directly to the one set by this action. For example, the group can be
made to fly from waypoint 3 directly to waypoint 6. When this command is executed, all
other actions associated with the waypoint are stopped.
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This command can also be used to create a looping route by switching to an earlier
waypoint. The looping command can be stopped using a stop condition, such as a
mission time or a flag state.
Switch Action
This command can be used to switch the active action in the Actions List. When this
command is executed, any concurrently running Task will be stopped.
This command can also be used to create a looping actions list by switching to a
previous action in the list.
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Invisible
Set the group to be invisible to all enemy AI units. Enabled and disabled using the
ENABLE checkbox.
This command may be useful when creating ground-based FACs in close proximity to
enemy positions as a means of simulated a well camouflaged position and preventing
the FAC from being destroyed.
Immortal
Set the group to be immortal. Enemy AI units will be able to detect the group, but their
weapons will have no effect.
This command may be useful when creating prolonged engagement scenarios, in which
persistence of fire is a desired element.
Deactivate Beacon
Deactivate the radio beacon of an air refueling tanker aircraft.
EPLRS
Set the unit's position datalink on/off.
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Set Option
The following Options can be set as actions upon reaching a waypoint:
ROE (Rules of Engagement)
Set fire rules to determine the group's combat behavior when encountering enemy units.
Weapons free – engage any enemy group in contact. Target prioritization is performed
automatically by the group based on the situation.
Open fire, Weapons free – engage any enemy groups in contact. However, the
enemy group designated as the target for the action will be the primary target and
engaged first. Once the primary target is destroyed, further target prioritization is
performed automatically by the group based on the situation.
Open fire – engage only the enemy group designated as the target for the action.
Return fire – return fire only; do not engage first.
Weapons hold – do not fire under any circumstances.
The default setting for all groups is Open fire.
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Reaction to Threat
Set defensive rules to determine the group's combat behavior when encountering enemy
units.
No reaction – no defensive actions to counter threats.
Allow Abort Mission - allow group to cease mission if engaged.
Passive defense – utilize passive and active defense measures, but no defensive
maneuvering against incoming threats.
Evade fire – utilize passive and active defense measures as well as defensive
maneuvering against incoming threats.
Evasive vertical maneuver – the group will be able to increase or decrease altitude
to avoid a known threat zone. The group will also utilize active and passive defense
measures.
The Reaction on Threat Options are only in effect in defense. When performing an
attacking action, the ROE option is in effect. In other words, the ROE option has a
higher priority over the Reaction on Threat option.
The default setting for all groups is Evade fire.
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Radar Using
Set the rules for the use of radar by the group.
Never use – do not use radar to perform target search or engagement (missile
guidance).
Use for attack only – do not use radar to perform target search, but use it if
necessary to engage the target (missile guidance). Target search can be performed
by other sensors if available.
Use for search if required – allows the group to use radar for target search if
necessary (when detection by other means is not successful).
Use for continuous search – maintain radar on continuously.
The default setting is Use for search if required.
Chaff-Flare Using
Set the rules for the release of chaff and/or flares by the group.
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Never use – do not release chaff and/or flares when engaged.
Use against fired missiles – release chaff and/or flares only when incoming
missiles have been detected.
Use when flying in SAM WEZ – release chaff and/or flares as a preventative
measure when inside a known enemy SAM threat zone or within weapons range of a
known enemy aircraft armed with IR-homing missile.
The default setting is Use when flying in SAM WEZ.
Formation
Set the formation for the group to assume upon reaching the waypoint. The following
formations are available: Line Abreast, Trail, Wedge, Echelon Right, Echelon Left, Finger
Four, Spread Four.
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For a more detailed explanation of the formations, including illustration, consult the
Flight Manual.
The default setting is Echelon Right.
RTB on Bingo
This is a flag setting to allow/restrict the group to return to base upon reaching Bingo
Fuel state (when there is only enough fuel left to return to base.)
The default setting is ON (allow).
Silence
This is a flag setting to force the group to maintain radio silence upon reaching the
waypoint.
The default setting is OFF (radio communications are allowed).
If no Options are set in the Actions List, the default settings for all options are assumed.
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Ground crew support at airbases
When positioned on a friendly airbase, the following ground support services are
available:
1. Aircraft repair 3 minutes after engine shut-down.
2. Refueling by ground personnel contacted through the intercom.
3. Rearming by ground personnel contacted through the intercom.
For more details on contacting ground personnel, see the Radio Communications section
in the Flight Manual.
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Place Ship
You will use this window to place ship groups in a mission, set their routes, and
determine the actions they will take. Unlike aircraft groups, you can place up to 99 units
within a single group (not recommended though). When placing ships, you will be
automatically restricted to placing them on large bodies of water.
The Place ship windows consist of numerous functions which are described below. We
will discuss them from top to bottom.
COUNTRY. The Country drop down list displays all the countries that have been
assigned to either the RED or BLUE sides when the mission was initially created by use
of the CREATE NEW MISSION button. The Country selected will filter the TYPE of ships
available.
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NAME. In the Name field, type in a unique name for the naval group. If you do not
enter one, a default one will be generated. This Name you create will be used when
assigning some types of Triggers such as Activate Unit. Always be careful not to assign
more than one group with the same Name.
UNIT. The Unit selection is composed of two fields and they allow you to select how
many ships will be part of the naval group (1 to 99). The right field is used to set the
total number of ships in the group; to do so, use the left and right arrow buttons. The
left field is used to select a ship within the group; to do so, use the left and right arrow
keys.
TYPE. Depending on the Country, a list of appropriate ships is listed in this pull down
list.
UNIT NAME. Enter a unique name for each unit within the naval Group. If you do not,
a default name will be created automatically. This name is important because it will be
used to set Trigger Conditions based on units. For example, if you create a condition
based on the destruction of a unit, the unit will be selected from a list using its UNIT
NAME.
SKILL. The Skill level allows you to select how competent the aircraft pilot is when
flown by the artificial intelligence. This setting can control such factors on how much G
the pilot can pull, at what range it will attack, and how accurate its weapon delivery
skills are. There are five Skill options for AI aircraft:

Average

Good

High

Excellent

Random. This option will randomly select from one of the four options above.
Note that a unit's skill level will affect its detection ranges, reaction times and targeting
errors.
HEADING. The course dial can be used to set a unit's standing course when no route
has been created to determine the direction of travel.
HIDDEN ON MAP check box. After creating a mission, you may wish to hide certain
units so that people playing your mission cannot see them. Check this box to hide the
selected naval group from the ME World Map. You can view all hidden groups using the
Units List window (discussed later in this document).
VISIBLE BEFORE START. If you choose to have a unit appear according to an
Activate Group/Unit trigger, you can choose to have that unit visible in the world or
invisible in the world until the unit is activated. If you wish to have the unit visible in the
world but inactive until activation, check this box.
MODAL BUTTONS. Three modal buttons control what is displayed on the lower half of
the Naval Group Properties placement window. These include: ROUTE, TRIGGERED
ACTIONS, and SUMMARY.
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Route mode
When in Route mode, the data in the lower half of the ship placement window is in
regards to waypoint management. A waypoint is an arbitrary point on the map (Lat,
Long) that can be chained together to create a route. During the course of a mission,
the group will steer from one waypoint to the next along the route line, and at each
waypoint you can assign unique actions.
To place a new naval group, you will need to be in the Route mode with a ship Type
selected. You may then left click on the map to place the group's starting point, which
will be waypoint 1. When you place a group, its waypoint marker (circle with its
waypoint number next to it) and route line will be colored appropriately:

White. Selected unit.

Red. A Red side unit that is not selected.

Blue. A Blue side unit that is not selected.
At waypoint one there will be a unit icon instead of a standard waypoint circle. Different
icons denote different types of units:
Naval Editor Icons (Russian/Western)
Russian
NATO
Unit Type
Submarine
Frigate
Aircraft carrier
Heavy cruiser
Cruiser
Medium ship/frigate
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Cargo (commercial) ship
To shift the entire group's position on the map, click and drag the group's lead unit to
the desired location. To adjust the position of other units within the group, click and
drag the desired unit relative to the leader's position.
Below the Modal buttons are the Route controls. From top to bottom:
WAYPNT (waypoints). The WAYPNT fields allow you to cycle between waypoints you
have created. The left field displays the currently selected waypoint and you can cycle it
by pressing the left and right arrow buttons. The field on the right displays the total
number of waypoints in the route. The circle and waypoint number of the selected
waypoint is colored yellow on the map.
NAME. For each waypoint you can assign a unique name. Enter the name of the
waypoint in this field and this name will then appear next to the waypoint on the map.
TYPE. Each waypoint can be assigned a type of action that the group will perform when
it reaches the waypoint. These include:

Turning Point. This is the most common and basic waypoint and the group will
simply pass through such a waypoint and proceed to the next.
ALTITUDE. Not adjustable for naval groups.
SPEED. The speed setting will set the speed in kilometers per hour (km/h) that the ship
group will have achieved when it reaches the waypoint. To set this, you can either use
the left and right arrow buttons or enter it into the field. The group's maximum speed
will not exceed the maximum speed of the slowest ship in the group.
SPEED LOCK CHECKBOX. Selects between manual and automatic entry of the desired
speed for the waypoint. Not applicable to a starting waypoint.
If the speed is locked, the group will attempt to maintain the desired speed on the route
leg from the preceding waypoint to the current one. More information.
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ETA. (Estimated Time of Arrival). Indicates the desired arrival time for the waypoint (or
group start time in the case of the initial waypoint). This is set by the user if the ETA is
locked or calculated automatically by the Mission Editor if the ETA is unlocked.
ETA LOCK CHECKBOX. Selects between manual and automatic entry of the desired
ETA for the waypoint. The ETA is locked for the initial waypoint (group start time) by
default.
When locked, the ETA field can be used to set a delayed group activation in the mission
by setting an ETA for the initial waypoint at a time past the mission starting time. For
example, if the mission is set to start at 12:00:00/1 and the user wishes to have the
group appear in the mission 15 minutes after the mission starts, he can lock the ETA for
waypoint-1 at 12:15:00/1. Furthermore, if the user wishes for the group to appear in the
mission based on a triggered event of unknown time, he can set the ETA for the starting
time past any likely mission time, such as 100 days later (12:00:00/100). In such a
scenario, the group will not appear until triggered by the scripted event or the starting
ETA is reached.
If the ETA for the waypoint results in calculated speeds that are too slow or too fast for
the aircraft type, the font will become red to indicate an invalid entry and a
corresponding error message will appear when the user attempts to close the properties
panel or save the mission. See above for more information.
WAYPOINT MODE BUTTONS. These three buttons allow you to add, edit and delete
route waypoints.

ADD – In ADD mode, each press of the left mouse button over the map adds a
new waypoint. This mode is selected on by default when a group properties
panel is open.

EDIT– In EDIT mode, existing waypoints can be selected on the map for editing
in the waypoint properties panel.

DEL – Pressing this buttons deletes the selected waypoint.
Triggered Actions mode
The Triggered Actions button opens the Triggered Actions Panel. This panel can be used
to add or edit group actions analogous to the Advanced Actions Panel, but activated
based on trigger rules as scripted in the Triggers Menu using the AI TASK trigger action.
SUMMARY mode
When in Summary mode, you are provided basic mission data in the lower half of the
window. This data includes:
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START TIME. The mission start time for the group in Hour:Minute:Second/Day.
ROUTE TIME. How long it will take the aircraft to fly the route, assuming no departures
from the planned route. This is indicated in Hour:Minute:Second/Day format.
ROUTE LENGTH. Total distance of the route in meters.
AVERAGE SPEED. The average indicated airspeed of the route by totaling the assigned
airspeed of each route leg and then dividing by the number of legs.
RANGE. The distance as the crow flies between the start and end waypoints of the
route.
Note, the mission editor supports group copy/paste functionality. To copy a group,
select it and press CTRL+C. To paste the group with identical properties, position the
mouse over the desired point on the map and press CTRL+V.
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Advanced Actions Mode(naval groups)
Pressing the Advanced tab opens the Advanced Actions Panel, which lists the actions
associated with the selected waypoint:
This panel is used to set (add/edit/delete) group actions (Tasks, Enroute Tasks,
Commands, Options), which are tasked to the AI at this waypoint by the user or
generated automatically by the Mission Editor.
Action Properties Panel for Naval Groups
The Action Properties Panel for Naval Groups is analogous to the panel for aircraft
groups. In other words, this panel is used to set Tasks, Enroute Tasks, Commands and
Options for the group to perform, as well as the starting and ending conditions of the
actions. However, the specific types of actions available for naval groups differs from
aircraft groups.
Tasks
No Task
No action is assigned to the group to perform.
Fire at Point
Fire against a coordinate point on the map as designated by the mission designer. The
ZONE RADIUS value sets the radius of the target area. When firing artillery, the ship will
spread rounds within the entire target area. When firing cruise missiles, the ship will
target the center coordinate of the target area.
Enroute Tasks
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Naval groups cannot be assigned any Enroute Task actions. Therefore, the only available
selection is No Enroute Task.
Perform Command
The following commands can be set as actions upon reaching a waypoint:
No Action
No command is set.
Run Script
Run the Lua script entered in the scratchpad.
Invisible
Set the group to be invisible to all enemy AI units. Enabled and disabled using the
ENABLE checkbox.
Immortal
Set the group to be immortal. Enemy AI units will be able to detect the group, but their
weapons will have no effect.
Set Option
The following Options can be set as actions upon reaching a waypoint:
ROE (Rules of Engagement)
Set fire rules to determine the group's combat behavior when encountering enemy units.
WEAPONS FREE – engage any enemy group in contact. Target prioritization is
performed automatically by the group based on the situation.
RETURN FIRE – return fire only; do not engage first.
WEAPONS HOLD – do not fire under any circumstances.
The default setting is WEAPONS FREE.
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Place Ground Unit
You will use this button to place ground unit groups in the mission, set their routes, and
create their actions. When placing a ground group, it is important to remember that the
groups can consist of one to 99 vehicles. When placing groups, only the group lead
vehicle will be visible on the map when zoomed out. As you zoom in though, the
individual units of the group will appear on the map. This is important for accurate unit
placement.
The ground group placement windows consist of numerous functions which are
described below. We will discuss them from top to bottom.
COUNTRY. The Country drop down list displays all the countries that have been
assigned to either the RED or BLUE sides when the mission was initially created by use
of the CREATE NEW MISSION button. The Country selected will filter the TYPE of
ground units available.
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NAME. In the Name field, you may enter a unique name for the vehicle group. If you
do not enter one, a default one will be generated. The Name you create will be used
when assigning some types of Triggers such as Activate Unit. Always be careful not to
assign more than one group with the same Name.
UNIT. The Unit selection is composed of two fields and they allow you to select how
many ground units will be part of the group (1 to 99). The right field is used to set the
total number of vehicles in the group; to do so, use the left and right arrow buttons. The
left field is used to select a vehicle unit within the group; to do so, use the left and right
arrow keys.
Note: For Surface to Air Missile (SAM) batteries like SA-10, SA-11, etc., all the
needed units of the SAM battery must all be part of the same Vehicle Group.
Note: If you place a ground unit to act as a JTAC, use a unit that is armed and
has sensors. The armed HMMWV is a good choice.
TYPE. Depending on the Country selection, a list of appropriate ground units will
populate this pull down list.
UNIT NAME. Enter a unique name for each unit within the Group. If you do not, a
default name will be created automatically. This name is important because it will be
used to set some Trigger Conditions. For example, if you create a condition based on
the destruction of a unit, the unit will be selected from a list using its UNIT NAME.
SKILL. The Skill level allows you to select how competent the unit is controlled by the
artificial intelligence. This setting can control such factors as what range it will attack
from, and how accurate its weapon delivery skills are. There are five Skill options for AI
ground units:

Average

Good

High

Excellent

Random. This option will randomly select from one of the four options above.
Note: A unit's skill level will affect its detection ranges, reaction times and
targeting errors.
Note: Regardless of skill level, AI aircraft will have great difficulty spotting
infantry units unless the infantry unit is moving or firing weapons.
HEADING. The course dial can be used to set a unit's standing course when no route
has been created to determine the direction of travel.
HIDDEN ON MAP check box. After creating a mission, you may wish to hide certain
units so that people playing your mission cannot see them. Check this box to hide the
selected ground group from the ME World Map. You can view all hidden groups using
the Units List window (discussed later in this document).
VISIBLE BEFORE START. If you choose to have a unit appear according to an
Activate Group/Unit trigger, you can choose to have that unit visible in the world or
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invisible in the world until the unit is activated. If you wish to have the unit visible in the
world but inactive until activation, check this box.
MODAL BUTTONS. Three modal buttons control what is displayed on the lower half of
the Naval Group Properties placement window. These include: ROUTE, TRIGGERED
ACTIONS, and SUMMARY.
Route mode
When in Route mode, the data in the lower half of the vehicle placement window is in
regards to waypoint management. Waypoints are arbitrary points on the map (Lat /
Long) that can be chained together to create a route. During the course of a mission,
the group will drive from one waypoint to the next along the route line and at each
waypoint you can assign unique actions (like a formation).
To place a new vehicle group, you will need to be in the Route mode and have a vehicle
group selected. You may then left click on the map to place the group‟s starting point,
which will also be waypoint 1. When you place a group, its waypoint marker (circle with
its waypoint number next to it) and route line will be colored appropriately:

White. Selected unit.

Red. A Red side unit that is not selected.

Blue. A Blue side unit that is not selected.
At waypoint one will be a unit icon instead of a standard waypoint circle. Different icons
denote different types of units:
Ground Unit ME Icons (Russian/Western)
Russian
NATO
Unit Type
Tank
Infantry Fighting Vehicle (IFV)
Combat reconnaissance vehicle
Armored Personnel Carrier (APC)
Transport
Civilian vehicle
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Engineers
Self-Propelled Gun (SPG)
Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)
MLRS Medium
MLRS Heavy
Anti-tank Guided Missile (ATGM) tracked
Anti-tank Guided Missile (ATGM) wheeled
Forward Air Controller (FAC) vehicle
Infantry
Man-Portable Air Defense (MANPAD) SAM system
Stinger SAM
Anti-Aircraft Artillery (AAA)
Self-propelled AAA
Radar-guided AAA
Wheeled AAA
Tracked AAA
SAM short range, wheeled
SAM short range, tracked
SAM short range, wheeled, radar-guided
SAM short range, tracked, radar-guided
SAM medium range, tracked
SAM medium range, wheeled
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SAM medium range, tracked, radar-guided
SAM long range, tracked, radar-guided
SAM long range, wheeled
Avenger SAM system
M6 Linebacker SAM system
Chaparral SAM system
M-163 Vulcan AAA system
Mobile radar
Radio-navigation beacon
Stationary radar
Air controller
Air defense direction center
Battle command center
Forward Air Controller (FAC)
Command center
Bunker
Checkpoint
Storage
Fuel depot
Structure (building)
To shift the entire group's position on the map, click and drag the group's lead unit to
the desired location. To adjust the position of other units within the group, click and
drag the desired unit relative to the leader's position.
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Below the Modal buttons are the Route controls. From top to bottom:
WAYPNT (waypoints). The WAYPNT fields allow you to cycle between waypoints you
have created. The left field displays the currently selected waypoint and you can cycle it
by pressing the left and right arrow buttons. The field on the right displays the total
number of waypoints in the route. The circle and waypoint number of the selected
waypoint is colored yellow on the map.
NAME. For each waypoint you can assign a unique name. Enter the name of the
waypoint in this field and this name will then appear next to the waypoint on the map.
TYPE. Each waypoint can be assigned a type of action that the group will perform when
it reaches the waypoint. These include:

Offroad. The vehicle group will drive to the next waypoint one in front of the
other in a line.

On road. When set to On Road, the waypoint will snap to the nearest road.
When the next waypoint is also set to On Road, the editor will automatically plot
a path along the road network between the two points. When placing an On
Road waypoint, avoid doing so at a road intersection. If placing multiple groups
on the same road, try to keep them at least 500 meters apart to avoid route
conflicts.

Line Abreast. The group vehicles will assume a line abreast formation.

Cone. The group vehicles will assume a cone formation.

Vee. The group vehicles will assume a vee formation.

Diamond. The group vehicles will assume a diamond formation.

Echelon Left. The group vehicles will assume an echelon left formation.

Echelon Right. The group vehicles will assume an echelon right formation.

Custom. Select a custom formation for the group using the template drop-down
menu. Group templates can be created using the Templates Menu of the mission
editor.
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ALTITUDE. Not adjustable for naval groups. This field will indicate the altitude of the
waypoint.
SPEED. The speed setting sets the speed in kilometers per hour (km/h) that the vehicle
will drive to reach its next waypoint. To set this, you can either use the left and right
arrow buttons or type it into the field.
SPEED LOCK CHECKBOX. Selects between manual and automatic entry of the desired
speed for the waypoint. Not applicable to a starting waypoint.
If the speed is locked, the group will attempt to maintain the desired speed on the route
leg from the preceding waypoint to the current one.
ETA. (Estimated Time of Arrival). Indicates the desired arrival time for the waypoint (or
group start time in the case of the initial waypoint). This is set by the user if the ETA is
locked or calculated automatically by the Mission Editor if the ETA is unlocked.
ETA LOCK CHECKBOX. Selects between manual and automatic entry of the desired
ETA for the waypoint. The ETA is locked for the initial waypoint (group start time) by
default.
When locked, the ETA field can be used to set a delayed group activation in the mission
by setting an ETA for the initial waypoint at a time past the mission starting time. For
example, if the mission is set to start at 12:00:00/1 and the user wishes to have the
group appear in the mission 15 minutes after the mission starts, he can lock the ETA for
waypoint-1 at 12:15:00/1. Furthermore, if the user wishes for the group to appear in the
mission based on a triggered event of unknown time, he can set the ETA for the starting
time past any likely mission time, such as 100 days later (12:00:00/100). In such a
scenario, the group will not appear until triggered by the scripted event or the starting
ETA is reached.
If the ETA for the waypoint results in calculated speeds that are too slow or too fast for
the aircraft type, the font will become red to indicate an invalid entry and a
corresponding error message will appear when the user attempts to close the properties
panel or save the mission. See above for more information.
WAYPOINT MODE BUTTONS. These three buttons allow you to add, edit and delete
route waypoints.

ADD – In ADD mode, each press of the left mouse button over the map adds a
new waypoint. This mode is selected on by default when a group properties
panel is open.

EDIT– In EDIT mode, existing waypoints can be selected on the map for editing
in the waypoint properties panel.

DEL – Pressing this buttons deletes the selected waypoint.
When planning engagements, consider some of the following: vehicle weapon fire is less
accurate when on the move. Each vehicle has separate armor values depending on
facing (front, sides, rear and top). As such, you generally want to keep units facing
towards the enemy where their armor is the thickest. You may also want to have as
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many barrels pointing at the enemy as possible, so formations like Line Abreast or
Echelon Left/Right may be most effective. It's also helpful to do a careful study of the
terrain when planning the mission. Consider the line of sight between friendly and
enemy units to make sure vehicles can be detected (or not) in accordance with your
plans.
Triggered Actions mode
The Triggered Actions button opens the Triggered Actions Panel. This panel can be used
to add or edit group actions analogous to the Advanced Actions Panel, but activated
based on trigger rules as scripted in the Triggers Menu using the AI TASK trigger action.
Summary mode
When in Summary mode, you are provided basic mission data in the lower half of the
window. This data includes:
START TIME. The mission start time for the group in Hour:Minute:Second/Day.
ROUTE TIME. How long it will take the aircraft to fly the route, assuming no departures
from the planned route. This is indicated in Hour:Minute:Second/Day format.
ROUTE LENGTH. Total distance of the route in meters.
AVERAGE SPEED. The average indicated airspeed of the route by totaling the assigned
airspeed of each route leg and then dividing by the number of legs.
RANGE. The distance as the crow flies between the start and end waypoints of the
route.
Note, the mission editor supports group copy/paste functionality. To copy a group,
select it and press CTRL+C. To paste the group with identical properties, position the
mouse over the desired point on the map and press CTRL+V.
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Advanced Actions Mode (ground groups)
Pressing the Advanced tab open the Advanced Actions Panel, which lists the actions
associated with the selected waypoint:
This panel is used to set (add/edit/delete) group actions (Tasks, Enroute Tasks,
Commands, Options), which are tasked to the AI at this waypoint by the user or
generated automatically by the Mission Editor.
Action Properties Panel for Ground Groups
The Action Properties Panel for Ground Groups is analogous to the panel for aircraft
groups. In other words, this panel is used to set Tasks, Enroute Tasks, Commands and
Options for the group to perform, as well as the starting and ending conditions of the
actions. However, the specific types of actions available for naval groups differs from
aircraft groups.
Tasks
No Task
No action is assigned to the group to perform.
FAC - Assign Group
This task creates a Forward Air Controller (FAC) to direct friendly aircraft onto a target
group designated by the mission designer. To achieve full FAC functionality, the FAC unit
should be an armed vehicle with direct line of sight to the target and placed within a few
kilometers range.
Targeting actions will begin when friendly units arrive in the area and establish
communication with the FAC.
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Note: The FAC: Assign Group Task assumes full situational awareness for the
FAC. The target's location will always be known and the FAC will always attempt
prosecute the attack if conditions permit.
The FAC will only provide targeting against the group designated as the target in the
mission editor and will not target other groups.
The FAC- Assign Group Task allows you to set the weapon type(s) for the FAC to
request from the attacking groups.
Fire at Point
Fire against a coordinate point on the map as designated by the mission designer.
Hold
Stop at the waypoint location and maintain position as long as the action is in effect.
The Lower Action Properties Panel can be used to select a custom formation for the
group to take while holding.
This function may be useful for various combat tasks, such as post patrols or artillery
fire. For example, an artillery battery can be set to hold in a fire mission formation to
conduct fire.
Enroute Tasks
No Enroute Task
A No Enroute Task action does not set any action for the group to perform.
FAC
The group will act as a Forward Air Controller (FAC) to provide targeting orders for
friendly units in the area.
Under a FAC Enroute Task, the FAC will automatically prioritize targets for the player or
attacking AI groups and issue targeting orders throughout the attack phase.
Note: The FAC's target selection may not correspond to the targets intended for
the player or attacking AI by the mission designer.
The PRIORITY number is used to set the action priority in relation to other actions of the
waypoint. The priority number represents the order this action will take relative to other
actions, starting with '0' as the highest priority.
FAC - Engage Group
Analogous to the FAC Enroute Task, except in this case a specific enemy group is
selected by the mission designer for the FAC to target.
Remember, because this is an Enroute Task, the FAC will have to independently detect
the target group prior to being able to issue targeting commands against it. As
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game, including possible terrain obstructions or weather interference. If no group is
designated by the mission designer, the FAC will not issue any targeting commands.
The PRIORITY number is used to set the action priority in relation to other actions of the
waypoint. The priority number represents the order this action will take relative to other
actions, starting with '0' as the highest priority.
When using ground units to act a JTAC then you must ADD a callsign and frequency in
Waypoint (Advanced Options) and use FAC - Assign group OR FAC - Engage group to
allocate targets.
Only ground units that have EPLRS (as shown in waypoint advanced options) can
transmit target location data via datalink to suitably equiped aircraft. Only armed units
can designate a target with smoke and laser. (e.g. APC M1043 HMMWV Armament).
Perform Command
The following commands can be set as actions upon reaching a waypoint:
No Action
No command is set.
Run Script
Run the Lua script entered in the scratchpad.
Set Callsign
Set the group's callsign. For Western units, the callsign consists of a primary designation
and a numerical ID. For example, "Colt 4".
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Set Frequency
Set the group's radio communications frequency in MHz and AM/FM modulation.
Invisible
Set the group to be invisible to all enemy AI units. Enabled and disabled using the
ENABLE checkbox.
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This command may be useful when creating ground-based FACs in close proximity to
enemy positions as a means of simulated a well camouflaged position and preventing
the FAC from being destroyed.
Immortal
Set the group to be immortal. Enemy AI units will be able to detect the group, but their
weapons will have no effect.
Set Option
The following Options can be set as actions upon reaching a waypoint:
ROE (Rules of Engagement)
Set fire rules to determine the group's combat behavior when encountering enemy units.
WEAPONS FREE – engage any enemy group in contact. Target prioritization is
performed automatically by the group based on the situation.
RETURN FIRE – return fire only; do not engage first.
WEAPONS HOLD – do not fire under any circumstances.
The default setting is WEAPONS FREE.
Dispersal Under Fire
When enabled, this option will allow the group to disperse when under attack.
Alarm State
Sets the combat readiness state of the group.
GREEN – group is not combat ready. It does not perform target search or
engagement and maintains sensors off and stowed if possible.
RED – group is combat ready and actively searching for targets. Depending on
the unit, it may or may not be able to move while in combat ready state.
AUTO – default setting, where the group is not combat ready until the presence
of enemy units is detected. Note, the AI may “sense” the presence of enemy units
without actually detecting them with own sensors.
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Place Static Object
In addition to placing active air, land, and sea units, you may also place static versions
of these objects to populate a mission. Static objects share the same external model as
their active-object counterparts, but they are immobile and do not use sensors or
weapons. Unlike active units, you can only have one unit per group.
The Static Object window includes the following functions from top to bottom:
NAME. In the Name field, enter in a unique name for the static object. If you do not
enter one, a default one will be generated. The Name you create will be used when
assigning some types of Triggers such as Unit Dead. To avoid confusion, be careful not
to assign more than one group with the same Name.
COUNTRY. The Country drop down list will display all the countries that have been
assigned to either the RED or BLUE sides when the mission was initially created by use
of the CREATE NEW MISSION button.
CATEGORY. Static Objects are divided into six general categories:

Ground Vehicles that include vehicles appropriate to the selected country.

Helicopters that include those belonging to the selected country.
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
Heliports that allow the placement of a Forward Arming and Refueling Point
(FARP) for forward helicopter operations. When setting a FARP, you can choose
the FARP callsign for radio communications from the CALLSIGN drop-down menu
and set the radio frequency in MHz in the FREQUENCY field.

Planes that include fixed-wing aircraft of the selected country.

Ships that belong to the selected country.

Structures which includes pill boxes and many other types of buildings (military
and civil).
TYPE. Depending on the Category selection, a list of appropriate units is listed in this
pull down list.
HEADING. You may use this control to set the heading of the unit in the simulation
world. You can do this by either using the left and right arrow keys, typing in the
heading value, or clicking on the heading dial.
HIDDEN. If you wish to hide the static object on the World Map and make it invisible to
players in the briefing map, check this box.
DEAD. In addition to the normal static object, you may also populate the world with the
destroyed version of the object by checking the DEAD box.
Note, the mission editor supports group copy/paste functionality. To copy a group,
select it and press CTRL+C. To paste the group with identical properties, position the
mouse over the desired point on the map and press CTRL+V.
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Place Initial Point
The Initial Point (IP) button opens the Initial Point window, which is used to place an IP
on the map. This point will be stored in the player's Ka-50 ABRIS navigation system as
an independent navigation point.
The IP window allows you to set the following options:
 COALITION. Select coalition the navigation point will be available to.
 CALLSIGN. Select the IP callsign (ID) of the point from the list of eight available
choices.
 COMMENT. Optional comments to be indicated on the Mission Editor map.
Below the comment field, you can set the IP properties as specific to the navigation
system of the aircraft. These settings have no function in the Ka-50.

SCALE. The scale mode of the waypoint.

STEER. The steering mode of the waypoint.

VNAV. The vertical navigation mode of the waypoint.

VANGLE. When VNAV is set to 3D, the vertical angle computation mode.

ANGLE. When VNAV is set to 3D and VANGLE is set to ENTERED, the vertical
angle of the waypoint.
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Place Bullseye
The Bullseye button opens the Bullseye window, which is used to place a Bullseye point
on the map. Bullseye is a reference point used by friendly forces to communicate their
position. Each coalition is provided a single Bullseye point. To move the position of the
Bullseye on the map, simply click and drag it to the desired location.
The Bullseye window allows you to select the coalition of the Bullseye to edit and
indicates the current world coordinates of the selected Bullseye.
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Create Area Trigger Zone
Area trigger zones are a powerful tool that allow you set triggered conditions based on a
specified unit entering or exiting a defined area on the map. Trigger zones can be
placed anywhere on the map, can be any size, and can vary in color. You can also
create a trigger zone and assign that zone to a mobile unit in the mission.
Once you open the trigger zone tool, left click on the map where you want the zone to
be centered (all trigger zones are circular). Upon doing so, the trigger zone will be
displayed on the map with a default name.
On the right-side trigger zone window, you have the following options:
NAME. Enter in the name to give the trigger zone in this field. If no name is entered, a
default one will be used. This is the name you will use when setting up a trigger
condition.
RADIUS. The trigger zone may vary in size by adjusting this value. The value can be
changed by either clicking on the left and right arrows or by entering the value in the
field. The radius in meters is displayed in the field.
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COLOR. To help distinguish trigger zones from each other, you may use the default
colors or create a custom one. To select a default color, click on one of the 24 colors.
To create a custom color, use the left and right arrows of the R (red), G (green), and B
(blue) color values. The A (alpha) value adjusts the transparency. The selected/created
color is displayed in the RGB values.
HIDDEN. When the mission is played by others, you will probably not want the trigger
areas to be visible on the map. To hide them you must check this box.
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Create Unit Template
Because you can create ground vehicle groups that consist of many different types of
vehicles, it may be useful for you to save a vehicle group composition for later use. A
good example might be an artillery battery that consists of artillery units, ammunition
trucks, a command and control truck, security APCs, etc. You can place these all in a
single vehicle group and then use the Template tool to save it and use it again later.
Additionally, templates may be useful in conjunction with the STOP AND DEPLOY TO
TEMPLATE action of the Trigger Menu.
To create a new template:
1. Create a new ground vehicle group with all of the group's required units.
2. Position the units as desired for the template. Keep in mind that moving the lead
unit of a group will move the entire group.
3. With the desired group selected, press the Create Template button.
4. Select the appropriate country for the group from the COUNTRY drop-down
menu.
5. Confirm that the ground vehicle group that you wish to make a Template of is
listed in the SELETED GROUP field.
6. In the TEMPLATE NAME field, enter a name that you wish to save for the
Template.
7. Press the SAVE TEMPLATE button.
User templates are saved in the file \\Config\MissionEditor\templates-v1001.lua
You have now created and saved a template.
You have controls at the top of the Template window to manage your templates.

The top field allows you to select the country for which to save or open
Templates.

The field below the country field is a drop down menu that lists all the Templates
you have created for the selected country.

Using the heading field, you can orient the template using the left and right
arrows or by clicking on the dial. The set orientation is indicated in the HEADING
field in degrees.
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Area Trigger Zone List
When creating area trigger zones, you have the option to hide them so that users
playing your missions cannot see them. Pressing the area trigger zone list button will
display the area zone trigger tool on the right side of the screen and list all the zones
you have created for the mission along the bottom.
At the top of the zone list are three buttons that allow you to enable and disable the
hide function for all the listed trigger zones.

Show All. Pressing this button will set all trigger zones to a visible state.

Hide All. Pressing this button will set all trigger zones to a Hide state.

Toggle Selection. The Hide state of the trigger zones will toggle.
In the trigger zone listing window there are three columns, and each row lists a different
trigger zone. The columns include:

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NAME. The name of the trigger zone as entered in the NAME field.
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
STATE. This can either be blank (indicating a visible state) or HIDDEN to
indicate that the trigger zone is currently hidden.

RADIUS. The radius of the trigger zone in meters.
To close the widow, you may press the X button in the top right corner of the window.
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Unit List
The Unit List displays the list of units (active and static) that you have placed in the
mission, and allows you to quickly find a unit and view data on it.
At the top of the list are five check boxes that allow you to filter the types of units that
are displayed on the list. These include Helicopters, Planes, Vehicles, Ships, and Statics.
To view one of the types in the list, check the box next to the category name.
Each row of the list represents a different unit group; you can use the scroll bar on the
side for when the list becomes long. There are four columns that provide data for each
group. They are:

NAME. Name of the group as set when the group was created.

COUNTRY. The name of the country that the group is assigned to.

STATUS. This can either be blank to indicate that it is not hidden or say HIDDEN
to indicate that the group is currently in a Hide state.
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QNTY. Many groups may consist of multiple units (particularly for aircraft and
ground vehicles). This column lists the number of units that comprise the group.
When you click on an entry in the list, the group will be centered on the map above the
list and the groups placement window will be displayed on the right.
Note: To quickly Hide or Show a group, you may double-click on it.
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Resource Manager
The Resource Manager (RM) is Mission Editor a system that allows you to set a
determined quantity of aircraft, fuel and equipment at each airbase warehouse and
independent warehouse. Each warehouse (airbase or independent) can resupply other
warehouses with defined speed, periodicity and size.
The RM is a very useful tool for single player and multiplayer missions in which the
mission designer can limit the available aircraft, fuel and weapons to the player(s).
Thereby adding a level of strategic thinking of how to best use limited resources.
Warehouse Window
When you left mouse click on any airbase, you have two RM related items:
Full Info
Suppliers
Full Info. Clicking this button will display the RM window for that airbase/warehouse.
Suppliers. Each warehouse can be linked to other warehouses, thus creating supply
chains. This window displays all warehouses that the selected warehouse is supplying.
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Resource Manager, Full Info
After clicking the Full Info button, the full display window for managing resources from
the selected warehouse is displayed. Let's take a look at some of the options:
Resupply Rates
Copy to Other
Warehouses
Warehouse Inventory
Linked Suppliers
Resupply Rates
In the top left of the window are three items that allow you to set how fast the
warehouse can supply other linked warehouses. These include:

Speed. This value determines the road speed by which virtual supply convoys
travel from the selected airbase / warehouse to the warehouse being supplied.

Periodicity. This value, in minutes, determines how often a supply convoy will
be sent to the selected airbase / warehouse. This happens only after a supply
request has been made. If the linked warehouse is the requester, that
warehouse will be supplying with the set periodicity. If linked warehouse is not
the requester, it does not supply.
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
Size. This value, in tons, determines the amount of supplies that will be
delivered from the supplier warehouses with each delivery.

Operating Level. When the resource is reduced to the set level, the nearest
supplier will initiate a supply delivery. When the resource is reduced to the set
level, the warehouse will send the request to upper-linked warehouse.
Warehouse Inventory
In the center of the display is a large, vertical column that displays the inventory of the
selected warehouse. On the left side of the column is the type of inventory and to the
right of each item is the number remaining. Above the column are three tabs: A/C,
FUEL, and EQP.
To set all values to zero for a category, you can press the Clear Col button at the bottom
of the column.
A/C Tab
The A/C tab lists the type and initial number of aircraft assigned to the warehouse. By
left mouse clicking on an initial number, you can alter the value. If you wish to always
have the airbase at maximum strength (100), check the Unlimited Aircraft check box to
the left of the column. If you wish to only list aircraft that are player-flyable, check the
Hide Not Flyable check box.
Fuel Tab
This tab allows you to set the initial amount of fuel assigned to the warehouse. From the
Initial Fuel Amount, tons box, you can increase or decrease the amount of fuel. If you
wish for the fuel level to always be at 100 tons, check the Unlimited Fuel check box.
EQP (Equipment) Tab
The equipment tab lists all possible stores that can be loaded on aircraft. This includes
weapons, pods, and fuel tanks. Like the aircraft selection, the name of the store is listed
on the left side of the column and the initial number of the store is listed to the right.
You can click on the initial number to adjust it, if the Unlimited Munitions check box is
not checked.
Due to the wide variety and number of stores, seven store category buttons are listed to
the left of the column. Use these filter buttons to display the type of store you wish to
view / adjust.
1. AA missiles. Air-to-Air missiles
2. AG missiles. Air-to-Ground missiles
3. AG Rockets. Unguided Air-to-Ground rockets
4. AG Bombs. Unguided bombs
5. AG Guided Bombs. Guided bombs (such as laser and GPS)
6. Fuel tanks. External fuel tanks
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7. Misc. Other stores such as ECM pods, smoke pods, gun pods, targeting pods,
etc.
Copy To Other Warehouses
In the top center of the page is the CopyTo option that allows you to copy the settings
of the warehouse you are editing to another airbase warehouse. This is done by first
selecting what resources you wish to copy (A/C, Fuel and Eqp) by selecting the check
boxes and then selecting the airbase you wish to copy the settings to by using the drop
down airbase list.
Adding a Warehouse
In addition to the warehouse that is co-located with each airbase, you can also place
independent warehouses. To do so, select warehouse from the Add or Modify Static
Object menu. Once you place it, you can set its inventory values as you would an
airbase warehouse.
Note: When connecting warehouses, they must be assigned to the same side
Connecting Warehouses
You can consecutive link many warehouses on one chain. Also, multiple suppliers and
multiple consumers can be connected to a single warehouse.
If a current warehouse has a multiple suppliers, it is sending the request to the closest
supplier at first. If the closest supplier can’t provide the full request list, then the current
warehouse will send the request to a more distant one, etc.
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Delete Unit/Object
To remove a group entirely from the mission, including waypoints, select the group and
then press the Delete button.
Map Options
The Map Options panel has been described in detail previously in the System Bar
chapter of the manual.
Distance Tool
You can use the Distance Tool to measure distance on the World Map. When enabled
by pressing the Distance Tool button, left mouse button click, and hold and drag to
measure a distance. The distance line is drawn in blue and the distance (in meters) and
bearing (degrees) are in black. You must press the Distance Tool button again in order
to disable it, and resume normal map functioning.
Exit Mission Editor
To exit the Mission Editor without saving changes, press the Exit button.
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View Debriefing
After you have flown a mission, the debriefing screen will automatically be shown.
Mission Statistics
Mission Log
Mission Log Filter
The debriefing screen is divided into three primary areas: mission attrition, mission log
filters, and the chronological log file.
The mission statistics portion of the screen displays the number of units damaged or
destroyed during the mission by type and coalition. You can select between displaying
attrition caused by all units or only by yourself using the ALL VICTORIES and MY
VICTORIES checkboxes. Unit indicated include: PLANES, HELICOPTERS, SHIPS, AIR
DEFENSE, and VEHICLES.
The large, lower section of the screen lists mission log events chronologically according
to the mission log filter settings. The mission log consists of seven columns:

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TIME. When the event took place during the mission. Each event has a
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
INITIATOR. The name of the unit that took the action of the event (i.e. fired a
weapon, crashed, landed, etc.).

COUNTRY. Country that the initiator was assigned to.

TARGET. If the initiator was attacking a unit or object, the name of that target
is listed here.

COUNTRY. Country that the target was assigned to.

EVENT. The type of event that took place. Types include: shot, hit, dead, etc.

WEAPON. Name of the weapon type that the initiator used to attack the target.
The log filter section in the top right portion of the screen allows you to filter what log
events are displayed in the mission log list. Each of these has a drop down menu that
allows you to define what data is displayed.

OBJECT. List of objects.

WEAPON. Lists all weapons that were used by initiator units in the mission.

SIDE. All, Red, or Blue.

EVENT. All, Dead, Hit, or Shot.

TRG SIDE (target side). All, Red, or Blue.

TARGET. Lists all units and objects that were targeted during the mission.

INITIATOR. Lists all active units in the mission.
The debriefing screen can be a handy tool to determine who did what, when it
happened, and with what weapon. Most often you may use this to determine who
attacked you in single and multiplayer missions.
Below the log filter section are two buttons: SAVE TRACK and SAVE DEBRIEFING.

SAVE TRACK. By pressing this button the file save screen is displayed, and in
the FILE field you may enter a name for the track file that was automatically
recorded during the mission. Note that all missions have a track file recorded.
When you re-fly the same mission, the track file is overwritten unless you save it
under a new name. The SAVE TRACK button allows you to do this.

SAVE DEBRIEFING. Press this button to save the Log (.log) file of the mission
debriefing.
At the bottom of the screen are three buttons: CLOSE, WATCH TRACK and FLY AGAIN

CLOSE. Press this button to exit the debriefing screen and return to the Mission
Editor.

WATCH TRACK. Press this button to watch a recording (track) of the mission
you have just ended.

FLY AGAIN. Press this button to re-fly the mission. Note, unless you save the
current track and debriefing, they will be lost once you hit FLY AGAIN or exit the
briefing.
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CAMPAIGN
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CAMPAIGN
To select a new campaign to play or continue an existing one, select the Campaign
button from the Main Menu screen.
Campaign
The Campaign screen is divided into three primary areas that allow you to select
campaigns, view statistics, and view the general briefing of the campaign. The screen
consists of the following elements:
Select Campaign. Along the left side of the screen is a list of all new campaigns you
may start, and saved campaigns in progress. The left column of the list displays the
name of the campaign and the right column displays its status. To select a campaign,
left click on it to highlight it. Once selected, progress statistics are displayed in the
Campaign Details section where you can review the general briefing of the campaign.
Campaign Details. Once a campaign has been selected, details of the progress of the
campaign are listed in this pane. Information includes:

Last Mission Flown. Date and time of the last flown mission.

Campaign State. State of the campaign (inactive, active, or complete).

Missions Flown. How many missions the player has flow in the campaign.

Deaths in Campaign. How many times the player has died in the campaign.

Mission Success Rate. Mission success rate as a percentage.

Air to Ground Kills. Number of ground units destroyed by player.

Air to Air Kills. Number of air units destroyed by player.
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Campaign Description
Campaign Details
Campaign Description. When a campaign is created in the Campaign Builder, a
general campaign briefing is written. Here you can view that briefing.
At the bottom of the screen are three additional buttons:

BACK. Press the Back button to return to the Main Menu screen. You may also
exit the Campaign screen by pressing the yellow X in the top right corner of the
screen.

RESTART CAMPAIGN. Press this button to restart the campaign from its
original start point and reset all Campaign Details.

NEXT. Once you have selected a new or saved campaign to play, press the
NEXT button to begin the next mission in the selected campaign.
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CAMPAIGN BUILDER
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CAMPAIGN BUILDER
The Campaign Builder creates what we term a Staged Campaign System (SCS). A SCS
is somewhere between a dynamic campaign system that automatically generates
missions, and a linear, scripted campaign that plays the same way through every time.
A SCS may consist of one or more (many more if you wish) stages and each stage can
consist of one or more (many more if you wish) missions. Each of these missions is
created in the ME as a single mission. As such, each mission may consist of numerous
triggers and random settings. Using the Campaign Builder, you may create your
campaigns by creating stages and populating them with the missions (.miz) you create.
Upon selecting the Campaign Builder from the Main Menu, you will then be shown the
campaign builder menu.
Campaign Builder
In the lower left section of the screen is the area where you define how many stages
the campaign will consist of. At the bottom of the section are two buttons: Add and
Remove. To add a stage to the campaign, press the add button. To remove a stage,
click on the stage and then press the Remove button. By clicking on a stage, you can
also delete the default text and enter your own. You may also use the Up and Down
buttons to rearrange the order of the stages.
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Create Stages
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File and Starting Stage Management
Campaign Briefing
Mission Selection
To the right of the Stages section is the Missions section. It is from here that you will
populate each stage with missions. To do so, first select the Stage you wish to populate
and then press the Add button in the Missions section. Upon doing so you will be
presented a folder/file selection dialog window to select the mission you want. Once
you select it, press the OK button on the file browser. The mission will now be listed as
part of the selected stage, and its mission name and value range will be displayed. Each
mission can be assigned a value range which will determine mission selection within a
phase.
When creating a mission, you may assign values to triggered events such as the
destruction of a unit, a unit reaching a defined area, a time value, etc. At the end of a
mission, these values are totaled and used to determine what the next stage will be and
which mission from within that stage will be chosen.
If mission total values are 49 or lower, the player will fall back one stage. If the value is
50, they stay in the same stage. If the mission total value is 51 or above, the player will
advance to the next stage. By populating a stage with multiple missions, each with
different values, you can create a campaign that flows back and forth according to
mission results.
If two missions are assigned the same value range in a stage, the mission will be
randomly selected.
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The assigned value range of a mission within a stage is listed in the Range column.
Below the mission listing for a stage is a field that displays the briefing created for the
mission.
At the bottom of the section, next to the Add button, is the Remove button. Use this to
remove a mission from a stage.
Above the mission selection area is a field where you may enter a campaign briefing.
In the top left corner are functions to manage the files and set the stage that the
campaign will start on. From here you may Open an existing campaign, Save the
current campaign as is, create a New campaign, or Save the current campaign As a new
file. From the start stage field you may set the starting stage for the campaign. You
generally will not want to start the campaign on stage 1 in case the player loses the first
mission and subsequently loses the campaign! The starting stage for the campaign will
be marked with an asterisk (*) on the stage listing.
Some notes about campaign building:

The more stages you put in a mission and the more missions you place in each
stage, reduces the chances of mission repetition.

When creating a stage, it can often save time by creating a template for the
stage. This “template” mission would include general force layouts so that you
could simply add to and/or modify the mission many times resulting in unique
missions for a particular stage.

Use random settings and triggers as much as you can. These can be used to
create unpredictable force set ups including air defense units and variable AI skill
settings.

By placing front lines adjacent to each other over several stages, you can
reproduce a front line that moves back and forth according to mission results.
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ENCYCLOPEDIA
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ENCYCLOPEDIA
The Encyclopedia is an invaluable tool for visual recognition of various units in the game,
and is also an excellent source of technical data for each unit.
To select the Encyclopedia, click the Encyclopedia button on the Main Menu page.
Encyclopedia
The Encyclopedia consists of two primary parts: the object picture on the left, and the
object data window on the right.
Along the top of the screen are a series of seven tabs that correspond to seven
categories of objects (unit types) in the game. These include:

Aircraft. All fixed-wing aircraft.

Helicopters. All rotary-wing aircraft.

Ships. All naval vessels.

Vehicles. All non-air defense-related ground vehicles.

Weapons. Air, land, and sea weapons that can be launched/dropped from a
unit.

Air Defense. Air defense systems.

Buildings. Ground structures.
After selecting an Object Category, you may use the Object List drop down list on the
right side of the screen to view all units in that category that are represented in the
game. Once you have selected a unit, left mouse click on it to view a picture on the left
side of the screen, and view its data on the right side.
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Object Categories
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Object Picture
Objects List
Object Data
To exit the Encyclopedia, press the CLOSE button at the bottom of the screen or press
the yellow X in the top right corner.
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MODULE MANAGER
The DCS Module Manager is an in-game tool that allows you to purchase new DCS
modules, update purchased ones, review installed modules, and read about new DCS
special offers.
For the Module Manager to function, you must be logged into your DCS account, as
indicated in the top right corner of the Module Manager.
At any time you can refresh your modules and module status by clicking the Refresh
button in the bottom right portion of the Module Manager.
The Module Manager is divided into three tabs:

Special Offers

Available Add-Ons

Installed
Special Offers Tab
When DCS special offers are available, such as sales, these will be listed when the
Special Offers tab is selected.
Available Add-Ons Tab
This page displays all available DCS add-ons (modules) and if they are already
purchased. If a module is already purchased, "Install" will be displayed at the far right of
the module listing. Pressing the Install button will install or re-install the module. If
"Buy" is displayed, you can press the button to start the purchase option of the selected
module.
To the left of the Install/Notification is the price of the module and a description of the
module to the left of that.
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Module Manager
Tabs
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Module Description
Module Status and Price
Log-in / Log-out Option
Module Status Refresh
Upon starting the Module Manager, if new updates to a purchased module are detected,
a pop-up window is displayed that lists the updates available and provides you an option
to install or cancel the updates.
Module Updates
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Installed Tab
This tab page shows all installed DCS modules. Each row displays a different module
and each column provides information about the module.
Module Name. The name of the installed DCS module.
Developer. Developer name of the selected module.
Activate/Deactivate. Unchecking this box will deactivate the selected module. A
checked box indicates that the module is activated.
Serial Number. This column displays the serial number of the selected module. When
the Serial Number field is clicked on, the serial number is displayed and you have the
option to copy the serial number to clipboard or hide the serial number.
Remove Module. If you wish to remove the module from your DCS World installation,
click on the trash can icon.
Module Name
Developer
Serial Number
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Activate/Deactivate
Remove Module
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EXIT
Exit by pressing the red EXIT button on the Main Menu page.
Exit
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MULTIPLAYER
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MULTIPLAYER
ATTENTION! AN INTERNET CONNECTION IS REQUIRED FOR MULTIPLAYER
INCLUDING LAN PLAY
Multiplayer missions can be created by you in the Mission Editor. When creating a
multiplayer mission though, it is important to remember that all player-controlled aircraft
in the mission must be set to the SKILL of CLIENT and not PLAYER. Also, keep in mind
that only one CLIENT aircraft can exist in an aircraft group. For example, to create a
mission for four online pilots, you will need to create four aircraft groups with a single
unit set to CLIENT in each.
To access the multiplayer menu, run the Multiplayer icon on your desktop or click mouse
on MULTIPLAYER in the Main Menu.
Multiplayer
Note that selecting multiplayer opens a new graphics user interface screen.
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Main Multiplayer Window
Upon opening multiplayer, you will be directed to the Main Multiplayer Window and login
to DigitalCombatSimulator.com panel after a brief loading period.
The login and password you have if registered on the DigitalCombatSimulator.com
earlier or purchased game on this site.
If you didn't registered on the DigitalCombatSimulator.com earlier you will need to
register on the master server. Click on the REGISTER ACCOUNT button on the panel and
fill all of the necessary fields: your e-mail, desired password and your product key.
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After completing registration, you can create own server or join another server as a
client.
If you forget your password, you can use the RESTORE PASSWORD function.
Server List
Connection Type
Connect by IP
Player Status
New Search
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The Main Multiplayer Menu screen is composed of the Server List, the Connection Type
drop-down menu, the Connect By IP button, the Refresh and New Search buttons, and
the four system buttons at the bottom of the menu to direct you to other windows.
Server List
The Server List displays all available servers and takes up the majority of the screen.
The Server List is designed to show all detected Servers running the game over the
Internet or a LAN. Each row of the Server List represents a different server. Each
column in the Server List provides different information about each Server. The
columns include:

Padlock symbol. This column will be marked with a padlock symbol if the server
is password protected.

Server Name. The name of the server is listed in this column.

Mission Name. The title of the mission being run on the server.

Players. Maximum number of players allowed on the server and current number
on it.

Game time. How long the mission has been running.

Ping. The connection latency between the player and the server. Lower numbers
equate to a better Ping number.
Below the Server list is the mission Description field, which displays a description of the
mission being run by the selected server.
At the bottom of the Server List are the Refresh and the New Search buttons. The
Refresh button will refresh the data for the servers currently in the server list. The New
Search button will check the net for new servers and update existing ones on the Server
List.
Lower Bar

EXIT. The Exit button will exit Multiplayer and return you to the main menu or
the desktop.

NEW SERVER. The New Server window allows you to host a mission that other
players (clients) can join.

OPTIONS. The Options window allows you to create the Player Name that
others will see you as in a mission and set your connection speed.

JOIN. After you have selected a server from the Server List, press the JOIN
button to join the server.
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New Server
For a mission to run as a multiplayer game, one user must be set up as a Server (host)
that runs the mission that other players (clients) can join. This is done as either a
mission listing on a server list or as a direct IP connection.
Note, it is recommended that mission hosts run the simulation in windowed mode to
avoid problems when using the ALT-TAB function to switch between windows.
To start a mission Server, select the Server button on the Main Multiplayer Menu screen.
Server Options
Mission Description
Select Mission
The Server screen has three main areas: Server Options, Mission Description, and Select
Mission. After you have selected a mission and set the server options, you will press the
START button at the bottom of the screen to start the server and allow clients to join it.
It will also direct you to the Join Mission screen.
Server Options. The Server Options allow you to setup and view the basic parameters
of the mission server. Some of the items can be modified and some are information
only and cannot be modified. These are:
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
Server Name. Enter the name of the server in this field. This name will then
appear in a client’s server list if on a LAN network.

Server Type. This indicates the type of server detected.

Interface. The IP of the server computer is displayed in this field. Note that if
you are behind a router, the router IP may be listed and this will be an invalid IP
for clients to directly connect to. Router IP numbers generally start with 192.

Port. Each server can be assigned a unique port by entering it here. By default,
the port number is 10308. However, in order to access the server behind a
firewall, you may need to change this port number or open the default port
number in the firewall.

Players up to. Enter the maximum number of players that may join the server.

Password. To prevent unwanted guests from joining your server, you may enter
a password here. Any client joining the server will be required to enter this
password before joining.
Mission Description. When a mission is created in the Mission Editor, the mission
designer has the option to include a general mission briefing that will be displayed to
both Red and Blue sides. This briefing will be displayed in the Mission Description field.
Select Mission. Using the standard Windows folder and file browser function, select
the drive and folder that holds your multiplayer missions. In general, they will be stored
in the Missions/Multiplayer folder. Left click on the desired mission and it will be
highlighted (selected).
At the bottom of the screen is the BACK button which will direct you back to the Main
Multiplayer Menu screen without saving changes. Pressing the START button will allow
clients to join the server and direct you to the Join Mission screen. You can also cancel
the screen by pressing the yellow X in the top right corner of the screen.
Options
The Options screen will be the first screen you should visit when you first play a
multiplayer game. From here, you will need to set up your Player Name and set your
connection speed.
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The Options screen consists of the following elements:
Player Name. Enter the name you wish other multiplayer members to see you as here.
This name will be visible in the menu screens and also as a unit label in the simulation.
If no name is entered, a default one will be used.
Network Speed. The Network Speed drop down list allows you to select the data
download / upload speed of your connection. Select the option that best matches your
network connection speed. Choices include:

Modem 56. For a 56 Kb/s modem.

ADSL 128. For DSL and Cable modem connections at 128 Kb/s.

ADSL 256. For DSL and Cable modem connections at 256 Kb/s.

ADSL 512. For DSL and Cable modem connections at 512 Kb/s.

ADSL 1024. For DSL and Cable modem connections at 1024 Kb/s.

LAN. For Local Area Network connections.
At the bottom of the screen are the CANCEL button, which will direct you back to the
Main Multiplayer Menu screen without saving changes, and the OK button which will
direct you back to the Main Multiplayer Menu screen and save changes. You can also
cancel the screen by pressing the yellow X in the top right corner of the screen.
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Join
Rather than host a mission as a server, you also have the option to join an existing
Server/Mission that is already in progress. There are two ways to do so:

Join a mission listed on a Server List.

Connect directly to a server IP by using the Connect by IP option.
Joining a Mission
From Server List
After you have selected a server from the Server List, press the JOIN button at the
bottom of the screen to join the server.
Connect by IP
To connect to a game over the Internet, you use the Connect by IP option. To do so,
press the Connect by IP button. Upon doing so, the Connect by IP window will be
displayed.

This window consists of two fields:

IP/URL: Enter the IP number or URL of the server you wish to join.

PASS: If the server is password protected, enter the password into this field. If
the server is not password protected, you may leave this field blank.
After completing these fields, you can either press the CANCEL button to exit the
window and not join the server, or press the OK button to join the server.
Join Window
After you have joined a mission (Server List or Connect by IP), you are directed to the
Join Window. From this window you may select a side, select your aircraft, chat with
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other mission players, view the briefing, and view the server pool to see who is on the
server.
Spectator List
Assignment Windows
Chat Window
Disconnect from Server
Player Pool Window
Mission Briefing
The Join screen has the following elements:
Spectator List. When a player first enters the Join screen they are not assigned a side
or aircraft and are instead listed in the Spectator List. When in this list, they are
effectively neutral, and may view all players on the server. However, once the player
has joined an aircraft, they are automatically removed from the Spectator List. At the
bottom of the list is the Back to Spectators button; press this button to return your pilot
to the Spectator List.
Assignment Windows. These two windows display all Red Coalition and Blue
Coalition aircraft that are assigned to the mission and are capable of being flown by
players (set as Client in the mission editor). Both windows have six columns that
provide information about each aircraft listed:

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A/C. Aircraft type.

Country. Country that aircraft is assigned to.

Group Name. Name of aircraft group.

Task. Flight task.

Player. Player Name assigned to the aircraft.
Chat Window. To text chat with other players on the same server, you may press the
Chat button below the Assignment Window to display the Chat Window.
To all check box
When active, the Chat Window is displayed at the top of the screen.
On the left side of the Window is the TO ALL check box. When checked, messages you
send will go to all players on the server. When not checked, your messages will only go
to the side you have joined.
To enter text, left click in the message window until you see a flashing cursor. You may
then type in your message. When complete, press the Enter button on your keyboard
to send it.
Player Pool. Also below the Assignment Window is the Player Pool button. Pressing
this button displays a semi-transparent table that lists all players on the server and basic
information about each.

Nickname. Name of player.

Ping. The connection latency between you and the server. Lower numbers
equate to better Ping numbers.

#. Onboard number assigned to the aircraft.

Score. Total score the player has made on the mission.

A/C. Aircraft type.
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
Units. Number of ground units destroyed.

Ships. Number of ships destroyed.

Losses. Number of times the player has been killed.
The player hosting the server of the mission (Host) will also have access to the KICK
button. After selecting a player from the list, the Host may press the KICK button to
remove the player from the server.
To exit the Player Pool window, press the CLOSE button.
Briefing. After selecting your coalition and aircraft, press the BRIEFING button to view
the briefing for your coalition (side). This briefing consists of an image on the left page
and a text briefing on the right page. When you are ready to enter the simulation, press
the blue FLY button along the bottom of the screen.
Press the CANCEL button to return to the Join mission screen or simply press the yellow
X in the upper right corner.
Select Mis. If you are the server host, you also have access to the Select Mission
button on the bottom of the screen. Pressing this button directs you to the Select
Mission screen which allows you to load a new mission onto the server.
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Mission Description
Select Mission
Mission Description. When a mission is created in the Mission Editor, the mission
designer has the option to include a general mission briefing that will be displayed to
both Red and Blue sides. This briefing will be displayed in the Mission Description field.
Select Mission. Using the standard Windows folder and file browser function, select
the drive and folder that holds your multiplayer missions. In general, they will be stored
in the Missions/Multiplayer folder. Left click on the desired mission and it will be
highlighted (selected). Press the OPEN button load the mission onto the server.
Disconnect. Disconnect from the server and return to the Client screen.
Exit. Disconnect from the server and return to desktop.
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In Mission Commands
While flying a mission, you have three specific multiplayer key commands available:
Chat channel to ALL [`] (tilde)
Chat channel to ALLIES [` + RCTRL]
Score window [‘] (apostrophe)
EXIT
Press the red Exit button to return to desktop.
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©2013 THE FIGHTER COLLECTION. All rights reserved.
©2013 EAGLE DYNAMICS. All rights reserved.
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