Aqua Lung | Kronos | Service manual | Aqua Lung Kronos Service manual

SERVICE MANUAL
KRONOS
SECOND STAGE
Copyright ©2006 Aqualung France
Ref : Service Manual - Kronos 2nd Stage Rev. 07/2006
2
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Index
COPYRIGHT............................................................................................................................... 3
INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................................ 3
WARNINGS, ATTENTION, NOTES..........................................……………............................... 3
MAINTENANCE.......................................................................................................................... 3
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS...........................................................……..................................... 3
GENERAL CONVENTIONS............................................................…........................................ 3
DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE..............................................................…..................................4
RE-ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE...............................................................….................................6
FINAL CHECKS.................……...............................................................…….............................9
Table 1. Troubleshooting guide................................................................…..............................10
Table 2. List of tools and service kits........................................................……….......................11
Tableau 3. Nettoyants et lubrifiants recommandés..................................................................... 12
Table 3. Recommended cleaners and lubricants.............................................….......................13
Table 4. Torque settings...........................................................................………....................... 14
Table 5. Checking specifications..............................................................……............................14
Maintenance notes ………………...........................................................…….............................15
Exploded view of Kronos Second Stage......................................................................................16
F I R S T
T O
3
D I V E
COPYRIGHT
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
This manual is the property of Aqualung France. Any
copying, photocopying, reproduction, translation, electronic
distribution (email, Internet...), even partial, and in whatever
format, is expressly forbidden without the written consent of
Aqualung France.
1.
In order to carry out the procedures described in this
manual correctly it is important that you follow the steps
in the exact order indicated. Read the manual through
completely so that you become familiar with all the
procedures, the special tools and the replacement parts,
before starting to disassemble the product. Keep this
manual open near to you so that you can refer to it step
by step. Do not rely on your memory.
2.
All servicing and repair procedures should be carried
out in a workshop that is clean, well lit, easy to access
and specially fitted for the purpose.
3.
The regulator body should never be directly held in the
jaws of a vice. To hold the body, screw the tool 006230
into the HP port and then grip the tool with the vice.
4.
Once the regulator has been disassembled, the reusable components should be separated from the
components that need to be replaced. Fragile items with
seats or crowns with critical sealing surfaces should be
separated and protected during servicing in order to
prevent any damage.
5.
Use only spare parts from Aqualung service kits. Never
replace an Aqualung part with one from another
manufacturer, even if it appears similar.
6.
Never re-use regulator parts which should be replaced
on the pretext that the regulator has seen little use since
its manufacture or since its last service.
7.
When reassembling, check that the torque used
conforms with that shown in Table 4, Torque. Some
parts can be irretrievably damaged if the acceptable
torque is exceeded.
©2006 Aqua Lung France.
INTRODUCTION
This manual gives the instructions and the recommendations
for the disassembly, the cleaning, the checking, the
reassembly and the adjustment of an Aqualung regulator.
This manual is not an instruction manual for unqualified
personnel. The procedures described in this manual are
intended only for qualified personnel who have been trained
in the servicing of Aqualung equipment during a specialised
course.
If you do not understand certain procedures in this manual
you should contact an Aqualung service consultant before
undertaking any operation.
WARNINGS, ATTENTION, NOTES
Certain icons have been used to facilitate the reading and
understanding of this manual. They have the following
meanings :
.
WARNING: Indicates situations that could result in
serious or fatal accidents if the advice given is not
followed correctly.
.
ATTENTION: Indicates a situation or action that
could cause serious damage to the product,
making it dangerous if the advice given is not
followed correctly.
GENERAL CONVENTIONS
NOTE : Notes are used to emphasize
important points as well as information which
needs to be remembered.
1.
Unscrew: to unscrew a threaded part, turn it anticlockwise.
2.
Screw: to screw a threaded part, turn it clockwise.
3.
Remove the O-ring: To remove an O-ring follow the
method below, using the special tool provided for this
purpose. Any tool that could damage the O-ring should
be avoided. In every case, replace the O-ring removed
with a new one.
MAINTENANCE
Attention: Whatever the number of dives
carried out during a year, the regulator should
receive a complete service each year. If the
regulator is used in a chlorinated or
aggressive environment the service period
should be reduced to six months.
In order to conform with the Aqualung Regulator
Lifetime Guarantee, all servicing (inspection, servicing
and repairs) should be recorded in the Service Record
incorporated in the regulator User Manual.
The conventions described below define the actions to be
carried out when an instruction is given.
Press simultaneously on the
two sides of the O-ring in
order to form an ‘eye’. .
Insert the special tool into this
eye to remove the O-ring.
4
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
4.
The acronyms used:
LP: Low Pressure
MP: Medium Pressure
HP: High Pressure
5.
Numbers in brackets indicate the part number of the
component shown on the exploded view attached.
DISASSEMBLY PROCEDURE
Note: Before commencing disassembly, consult
the exploded view to check the reference
numbers of all parts requiring replacement.
These parts should all be replaced by new parts
and should not be re-used on the pretext that
the regulator has seen little use since its
manufacture or since its last service.
2.
Attention: Use only the special tool when
removing O-rings in order to avoid damaging the
seal recess. The slightest scratch on a sealing
surface could cause a leak. If a surface should be
damaged then this part should be replaced with a
new one. Do not use any pointed instrument or
metal tool to remove O-rings.
Using 2 11/16 spanners, hold the exchanger (127606)
and unscrew the swivel nut on the hose. Remove the Oring from the hose nipple. Take care to avoid damaging
the seal groove. Remove the O-ring from the hose
threads.
3. Pull back the hose
protectors and check that
there are no dents in the
crimped sleeve. The
hose should not move in
the metal sleeve. If it
does, it should be
replaced.
1.
4.
Remove the clip (129154) and pull off the mouthpiece
(123697). On Supreme versions, remove the lip shield
(125613)
5.
Unscrew the outer crown (127602). Take off the cover
(Kronos : 127614 / Kronos Supreme : 127615).
Using a screwdriver, lift the edge of the deflector
(127622) then remove it manually by sliding it along the
hose.
F I R S T
T O
5
D I V E
9.
6.
Take out the cam manually (127609), unscrew the screw
(127608) and remove the O-ring (473056)
Using the tool (129001), unscrew the diaphragm nut
(127625). Remove the washer (129133) and the
diaphragm (127627).
7.
Using the tool (129001) unscrew the plug (127624).
Remove the O-ring (820016).
8.
Using a screwdriver, remove the clip (127612). Slide out
the venturi knob (127626). Remove the O-ring (820016)
nd
10. Turn over the 2 stage and recover the shuttle-valve
assembly (AP2036), spring (AP2021) and counterbalance chamber (127607). Remove the O-ring
(AP2041) and the valve seat (AP2034).
11. Using a 11/16‘’ spanner, undo the screw (5). Remove
the heat exchanger (127606) and remove the ’insert
(127605) by turning it 1/4 turn anti-clockwise. Recover
the O-ring (124706).
6
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
12. Using a screwdriver (111399) unscrew the seat
(AP2033). Push the tool (116236) inside the insert and
push the seat out. Remove the O-ring (444243).
RE-ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE
13. Left up the edge of the exhaust valve and check that the
surface is clean and free from any scratches. It should
be flexible and have a clean contour. If it is in good
condition it is not necessary to remove it and it can be
reused. If it shows any signs of deterioration it should be
removed.
1.
If the exhaust valve has been removed, pass the valve
tail through the hole in the casing (from the outside) and
pull the tail lightly into the casing. If it is a new valve, cut
off any excess length leaving about 5mm.
2.
Fit a new lubricated O-ring (444243) on the
seat(AP2033). Screw the seat into the insert (127605)
with the tool (127686).
3.
Fit the insert into the casing (127617) by turning it 1/4
turn anti-clockwise. Once the insert is correctly
positioned, fit a new lubricated O-ring (124706) then
screw in the exchanger (127606) using a 11/16’’
spanner.
END OF DISASSEMBLY
Before starting to re-assemble the regulator,
make sure that all replacement parts have
been cleaned and lubricated in accordance
with Procedure A : Cleaning and Lubricating
on page 13.
4.
Fit a new lubricated O-ring (AP2041) on the shuttle valve
(AP2036). Fit the valve seat (AP2034). Lubricate the Oring (AP2041) correctly.
F I R S T
T O
7
D I V E
5.
Fit the spring (AP2021)
then the counter-balance
chamber (127607).
Hold the casing vertical with
the lever perpendicular to
the insert. Fit the assembly
into the insert taking care to
position the tabs of the
shuttle valve facing the tabs
on the lever.
A gap of between 1 and 2.5 mm in maxi position
9.
6.
Fit the cam (127609) by screwing it manually anticlockwise (to the left).
7.
Fit a new lubricated O-ring (121130) on the venturi knob
(127626). Take care to avoid putting the O-ring in the
groove intended for the clip (127612) but in the
straighter groove.
Press on the lever and check that it returns to the high
position (the sign that the shuttle valve is well
positioned). Fit the clip (127612) onto the knob
(127626).
10. Fit a new lubricated O-ring (473056) onto the adjusting
screw (127608). Using a screwdriver (size 2.5mm)
screw in the screw until the O-ring is no longer visible
(top of the spring flush with the groove).
8.
Fit the venturi knob (127626) onto the tool (127686).
Place the slot in the tool in the groove in the cam
(127609). Turn the tool anti-clockwise until the cam
comes into contact with the insert (127605). Come back
1/4 turn (clockwise) and fit the knob in the maxi position
matching the octagonal flats on the cam and the knob.
In the maxi position the octagonal part of the cam
should be under the upper face by about 1mm to
2.5mm.
11. Fit a new lubricated O-ring on the hose threads. Fit a
new lubricated O-ring on the hose nipple.
8
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
12. Ajustement du Levier (129178).
Attach the adjusting connector (122041) on the
adjustment tool (122046). Connect a MP hose to the
tool and then fit the assembly to a Kronos 1st stage that
has its MP set to 9.5 bar. Put the regulator under
pressure. Slide the tool (127686) across the top of the
casing. With the tool in maxi position the 2nd stage
should leak when the tool presses on the lever. With the
nd
tool in the mini position, the 2 stage should not leak.
Screw the seat in or out to adjust the setting.
Hole aligned with the insert axis
After tightening the diaphragm nut, hold the top of the
diaphragm and pull lightly in all directions to check that it is
securely held in the casing. Check that it is not jammed. If
this is the case, reinstall it.
15. Position the push button (127614) so that the markings
are aligned. Engage the internal lugs of the button in the
holes in the nut (127625). Using a lug spanner (129198)
screw down the crown (127602).
13. Unscrew the screw (127608) until the second stage
leaks then screw it 1 Turn 1/2. Fit a new lubricated Oring (820016) onto the plug (127613)
Screw the plug completly then unscrew it 1/8 turn.
14. Close the air supply and purge the 2nd stage. Remove
the adjustment tool. Fit the diaphragm (127627). Press
well in all around its edges to ensure that it is correctly
positioned. Fit the washer (129133) the using tool
(129001) screw in the diaphragm nut (127625). Adjust
the tightening so that one of the holes is aligned with the
insert axis.
16. Fit the deflector (127622) on to the hose and then
connect the hose to the 2nd stage. Using 2 11/16 ‘’
spanners, tighten the hose nut while holding the
exchanger (127606).
17. Refit the deflector on the casing. The deflector should
pass under the lug under the mouthpiece. Once the
deflector has been passed under the lug, fit the
deflector over the “return” of the casing by pushing on
the centre of the spherical part. To lock the assembly,
press on the tongue to make the little rod on the casing
enter the tongue. Finally, check that the deflector is
correctly positioned.
F I R S T
T O
9
D I V E
FINAL CHECKS
1. Pressurise the regulator to 200 bar (±10 bar)
Note: Tests 2,3 et 4 require the use of
a regulator test bench.
Correct position of the deflector
2. Check opening effort. Apply a gradual inhalation
effort. When the MP starts to fall, release the pressure
and compare the result with the limits shown in Table 5.
Checking Specifications . If the opening effort is
outside these limits consult Table 1. Troubleshooting
Guide.
3. Check depression / flow. Apply an inhalation flow of
400 l/min and check that the depression oes not exceed
15 mbar. If it exceeds this value consult Table 1.
Troubleshooting Guide.
Note : if you have a test bench, carry out these
test before fitting the mouthpiece. Test instructions
are given in the section Final Checks.
18. Fit the mouthpiecel (123697) on to the casing. If it is a
Comfobite mouthpiece check that the support is at the
top. Fit the mouthpiece collar (129154) into the groove
provided. The collar lever should be underneath and
positioned on the hose side.
4. Check for leaks. Connect the first stage to a cylinder
charged to 200 bar, open the valve and submerge the
assembly in a bath of water for 1 minute. Check that
there are no leaks. If there are apparent leaks,
nd
disassemble the 2 stage completely and check all
sealing surfaces and the positioning of the parts.
END OF REASSEMBLY
19. If the regulator is a Kronos Supreme, fit the lip shield
(36) over the mouthpiece and against the mouthpiece
collar.
10
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Table 1. Troubleshooting Guide
SYMPTOM
Leak or free flow at 2nd stage
Insufficient purge flow or work of
breathing too high
Water leak
POSSIBLE CAUSE
TREATMENT
1. MP too high
1. Refer to First stage Troubleshooting
Guide
2. The valve (AP2034) is worn or damaged.
2. Replace the valve
3. The seat (AP2033) is not correctly
adjusted
3. Readjust the seat
4. The lever (129178) is bent
4. Replace the lever
5. The sealing face of the seat (AP2033) is
damaged.
5. Replace the seat
6. The spring (2021) is damaged
6. Replace the spring
1. MP too low
1. Refer to First stage Troubleshooting
Guide
2. The valve (AP2033) is not correctly
adjusted, the lever adjustment is too low
2. Readjust the lever and the valve
3. MP hose obstructed
3. Clean or replace the hose
4. The lever (129178) is bent
4. Replace the lever
1. Hole in mouthpiece (123697)
1. Replace the mouthpiece
2. Diaphragm (129150) damaged
2. Replace the diaphragm
3. Exhalation valve (129174) damaged
3. Replace the valve
4. The venturi control O-ring (121130) is
dirty, worn or damaged
4. Replace the O-ring
5. 5. The diaphragm is not correctly fitted
between the casing (127617) and the
washer (127625)
5. Disassemble the purge button and
refit the assembly correctly
6. The casing is damaged.
6. Check the sealing face of the
exhalation valve. Replace the casing
7. The O-ring (820016) is damaged.
7. Replace the O-ring
8. The insert O-ring (124706) is damaged.
8. Replace the O-ring
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
11
Table 2. List of Tools and Service Kits
DESCRIPTION
APPLICATION
US
PART
NO.
MP pressure gauge complete 0/16B
Checking medium pressure
111610
O-ring tool
Fitting and removing O-rings
944022
129001
Spring clip tool
Fitting and removing diaphragm clip (15)
129001
116236
Seat fitting tool
Seat assembly/disassembly
109436
127686
Seat / lever adjusting tool
Seat assembly / lever adjusting
N/a
129198
Ring tool for Kronos
Tighten/loosen gold/silver ring on Legend LX
N/a
122046 +
122041
Seat adjustment tool
Adjusting seat under pressure
Torque wrench 0.5 m.kg
Plugs
N/a
N/C
Medium flat wrench
seat
N/a
N/C
Flat wrench 17mm (x2)
Hose nut
N/a
N/C
4mm Allen key
MP et HP plugs
N/a
REF
116222
N/C
122155
127682
Service Kit Kronos 2
nd
stage
Kronos 2nd stage, Kronos Supreme 2nd stage
100190
12
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Table 3. Recommended cleaners and lubricants
LUBRICANT / CLEANER
Christolube MCG 111
APPLICATION
All O-rings
SOURCE
Aqualung, ref. 480025
Attention: Silicone parts do not require lubrication. Do not grease them. Greasing silicone
parts can change their molecular construction and cause premature degradation of the material.
Oakite #31
Acid bath for cleaning brass and stainless
steel parts.
Oakite Products, Inc.
NETALU
Acid bath for cleaning brass and stainless
steel parts.
Aqualung, ref. 455001
Diluted white vinegar
Acid bath for cleaning brass and stainless
steel parts.
Household stores
Attention: Do not use hydrochloric acid for cleaning parts. Hydrochloric acid, even when well
diluted, attacks the coating of metal parts and leaves a corrosive deposit that damages plastic
parts and O-rings.
Washing-up liquid (diluted with hot water)
Degreases brass and stainless steel parts; Household stores
general cleaning of plastic and rubber
parts.
Disinfectant STERANIOS 2%
Disinfectant for all plastic and metal parts.
Aqualung ref : 382062
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
13
Procedure A
Cleaning and Lubricating
(All Aqualung Regulators)
Cleaning brass and stainless steel parts.
1.
2.
3.
Pre-clean by soaking in NETALU diluted to 25%.
Cleaning in an ultra-sonic bath filled with a mixture of washing-up liquid + hot water. If some resistant deposits remain
then fill the ultrasonic bath with white vinegar and repeat. DO NOT put plastic, rubber, silicone or anodised aluminium
parts in contact with vinegar.
Rinse in demineralised or fresh water to avoid calcium deposits. Soak for 10 minutes. Dry with filtered low pressure air and
then check that their condition is now suitable for re-use.
Cleaning plastic, rubber and anodised aluminium parts.
For anodised aluminium parts : soak in a « NETALU diluted to 25% ». Rinse in fresh water and dry with low-pressure filtered air.
For plastic parts. (casings, plugs..) : clean in an ultrasonic bath containing a mixture of washing-up liquid and hot water. Use only a
toothbrush with nylon bristles to remove any deposits. Rinse in fresh water and dry with low-pressure filtered air
Attention: D not place plastic and rubber parts in contact with acid solutions. This could alter their physical
properties and cause degradation and premature breakdown.
Disinfecting parts .
For disinfection, leave plastic and metal parts to soak for 20 minutes in a bath of STERANIOS 2% ref. 382062 (ready to use).
Rinse the parts thoroughly after soaking. Toxic product, follow the instruction for its use.
Cleaning parts for Nitrox/O2 use.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Metal parts : Pre-clean by soaking in NETALU diluted to 25%.
Ultrasonic cleaning in Promoclean TP108 diluted at 5% .
Rinse in demineralised water. Soak for 10 min.
Dry in the open air in a clean and dust-free atmosphere. Place the parts on a white cloth, allow to dry and check after
drying that the cloth shows no grease deposits and that the condition of the parts is appropriate for re-use with Nitrox/O2.
Cleaning hoses.
If there is significant corrosion then it is permissible to soak only the ends in an ultrasonic bath, avoiding any possibility of the
solution entering the hose. Rinse in fresh water and allow to dry with the connections hanging down. Dry the inside with filtered
compressed air before reconnecting the hose to the regulator.
Wiping.
To wipe parts, use a white filter paper, a pure cotton cloth or any other material that does not produce fluff.
Inspection.
Visually check under a white light (day light or artificial light).
The parts are completely free of any traces of :
1.
2.
3.
4.
organic materials (oil, grease, paint, rust…)
cleaning agents
dust
humidity
Lubrication.
When handling O-rings wear unpowdered latex gloves. It is important not to allow contact between the internal components and the
skin or any other source of contamination when the regulator is being prepared for Nitrox use. All seals should be lubricated with
Christolube MCG111. Cover the seals with a light film of grease and remove any excess by rolling the seal between finger and
thumb. Do not use an excess of grease; this can have the effect of accumulating particles that could damage the O-rings.
14
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Table 4. Torque values
N° REFERENCE
DESCRIPTION
FORCE
127606
Hear exchanger
0.5 m.kg.
Table 5. Checking specifications
TEST
INSTRUCTIONS
SPECIFICATIONS
Leak Test
160 bar < Working pressure < 200 bar
No leak
Medium Pressure
160 bar < Working pressure < 200 bar
MP at 9.5 bar ± 0.5 bar : KRONOS (all versions)
Opening effort
160 bar < Working pressure < 200 bar
Kronos (all versions) : between 2.8 mbar and 3.8
mbar
Effort / Flow
MP at 9.5 bar ± 0.5 bar : Kronos (all versions)
15 mbar maxi at 400 L/min
15
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Maintenance Notes.
16
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Exploded view of Kronos 2nd stage.
17
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Exploded view of Kronos Supreme 2nd Stage
18
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
Exploded view of Kronos Octopus 2nd Stage
19
Service Manual Kronos 2nd Stage
1ere Avenue – 14e rue – BP 148
06513 CARROS cedex – France
00.33.(0)4.92.08.28.88
FAX 00.33.(0)4.92.08.28.99
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