MINISCRIBE CORPORATION
5 1/4" HALF HEIGHT PRODUCTS GROUP
MSS PRODUCTS DIVISION
.
. TECHNICAL SUPPORT MANUAL
SEPTEMBER. 198·8
Rev.A
60131
INDEX
PAGE
-CO~n .....•.........................•.............••.••..•..•....•....••.••.•.•..••••.•••.•.•..•..••.•.••••••.....••.•..•..•..• 1
Tech Support Questionnaire ............................................................................................ 3
Error Messages - Not Hard Drive Failures .................................................................. 4
3650/3675 Installation Guide ......................................................................................... 6
3053 Inst:a.1l.ation Guide ........................•..............•..................•.•..............•...•.•.............•...... 8
Parldng Heads .. Moclel3650/3675 ............................................................................ 10
Error Codes .. Model 3650/3675 ................................................................................ 11
Error Codes - Model 3053 ............................................................................................. 12
Standard Report ................................................................................................................. 14
Handling and Packing ......... ...... ........ ...... .................... .......................... ........................... 15
Fonnat and Partition - Western Digital ..................................................................... 21
Fonnat and Partition - Adaptec .................................................................................... 23
Fonnat. aI'l.d Partl.tlon - U'fC •••••••••.•••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• 25
Form..at and Parti.tion - Omti .......................................................................................... 27
Compatlbilitr - In.teIfaces, Onboard............................................................................. 29
Controller. Installation
Software, Non-DOS
Operating Systems, MFM
or RLL, Interleaving.
Write Precompensation
Disk ~er 'by" 0rl.tJ:'ack. ................................................................................................ 34
MS DOS 3.3 Hard Disk Partitioning Guide ............................................................... 37
MS DOS 3.3 - Creating Multiple Partitions.............................................................. 45
Error Codes - Reference ................................................................................................. 49
i
FORMATl'ED
DRIVE
WRITE
PRECOMP
ACCESS
TIME
336
128
179 MS
-------
4
336
128
179 MS
1
306
2
336
128
93 MS
-------
10 MB FH
306
4
336
128
85 MS
1
4010
8MBFH
480
2
336
128
133 MS
-------
4020
16 MB FH
480
4
522
128
133 MS
1
3012
10l\m HH
612
2
656
128
155 MS
-------
3212
10:MB HH
612
2
656
128
85 MS
-------
3412
10MB HH
306
4
100
128
60 MS
1
3425
20:MB HH
615
4
656
128
85 MS
2,6
3425P
20MB HE
615
4
656
128
53 MS
2, 6
3438*
32l\m HH
615
4
656
128
85 MS
2,6
3438*P
33l\m HH
615
4
656
128
53 MS
2,6
3650
42lV1B HH
809
6
852
128
61 MS
3
3675*
63:MB HH
809
6
852
128
61 MS
3
3053
44MB HE
1024
5
AUTO
512
25 MS
11,17,36
3085
71 MB HH
1170
7
AUTO
512
22 MS
12, 19
6032
26MBFH
1024
3
AUTO
512
28 MS
10
6053
44MBFH
1024
5
AUTO
512
28 MS
ll.17.36
6085
71 MB FH
1024
8
AUTO
512
28 MS
4,45
6079*
68MBFH
1024
5
AUTO
512
28 MS
11.17,36
6128*
110MBFH
1024
8
AUTO
512
28 MS
4,45
MODEL
CAPAClTI
ens
1006
5MBFH
306
2
1012
10 MB FH
306
2006
5MBFH
2012
BEADS
PARK
1
TYPE (AT)
FORMATTED
WRITE
PRECOMP
ACCESS
TIME
DRIVE
CAPACITY
ens
8412
10l\1B 3 1/2"
306
4
336
128
50 MS
1
8425
- 32l\m -3 1/2"
- 615
4-
-664
t28
68--MS
2-,6
8438*
32MB 3 1/2"
615
4
664
128
63 MS
2,.6
8425F
20l\1B 3 1/2"
615
4
664
128
40 MS
2,6
8438F*
32 MB 3 1/2"
615
4
664
128
40 MS
2,6
8225
21l'11B 3 1/2"
771
·2
810
128
45 MS
-------
8450
40l\1B 3 1/2"
771
4
810
128
46 MS
2,6
84255
20MB 3 1/2"
615
4
656
128
68 MS
2,6
8425XT
20l\1B 3 1/2"
615
4
AUTO
128
28 MS
..------
8051A
42l'AB 3 1/2"
745
4
AUTO
128
28 MS
8051S
42MB 3 1/2"
745
4
AUTO
128
28 MS
MODEL
HEADS PARK
TYPE (AT)
9230E
203l\1B FH
1224
9
AUTO
512
16 MS
-------------------
9380E
338l\ffi FH
1224
15
AUTO
512
16 MS
-------
92305
207 l\Iffi FH
1224
9
AUTO
512
16 MS
-------
93805
347 MB FH
1224
15
AUTO
512
16 MS
-------
* RLL Certified
Reduced -write current = total cyls. + 1
Max correctable error burst = 11 (Western Digital)
CCB option byte = 3 or 7 (Western Digital)
2
TECH SUPPORT QUESTIONNAIRE
1.
Hard· drive model number?
2.
Are you getting a flashing error message from LED?
a
b.
If yes. identify error message (see product manual)
If no. continue . . . .
3.
What system? (AT. XT, clone. etc.)
4.
Is this the only hard drive in the system?
5.
What controller? (Mfg. and model number) Is the controller
compatible with the drive and/or system?
6.
What version of DOS?
7.
How is the hard drive being formatted? (Low level format.
partition, high level format)
8.
At what point did the problem occur?
9.
Verify the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
34 pin ribbon cable (straight or twisted?)
(The twist inverts the drive select)
Drive Select
Is the 20 pin ribbon cable attached to the correct port on
the controller?
Is pin one (1) properly identified at the controller?
At the hard drive
Has a low level format been performed? (XT - debug)
(AT - debug, Advanced Diag., Disk Manager)
Is a power plug connected to the hard drive?
10.
Have you tried to format the drive with another controller?
11.
Have you tried to format the hard drive in another system. or
format another hard drive in this system?
12.
Have you tried another formatting procedure and/or software?
3
HARD DISK DRIVE ERROR MESSAGES
(Not Necessarily Hard Drive Fallures)
PROBLEM:
----SOLUTION:
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
1701 error (Drive Not R e a d y ) .
A. -- Drive not formatted. press F1 to continue.
1780 error
Check for proper drive select.
B. Check ribbon cables at controller for proper
pin one (1) alignment
C. Verify that the 20 pin ribbon cable is connected
to the correct port on the controller card.
D. Replace 20 pin ribbon cable.
E. Replace controller card.
A.
Error Code 20
Check for proper drive select~
B. Check ribbon cables at controller for proper
pin one (1) alignment.
C. Verify that the 20 pin ribbon cable is connected to
the correct port on the controller card.
D. Check for proper installation of the controller card
in the expansion slot.
E. Replace controller card.
A.
Error Code 80
A. Check for proper drive select.
B. Check 34 pin and 20 pin ribbon cables for
proper installation.
C. Replace controller card.
"Error Reading Fixed Disk" when booting the system.
Primary DOS partition not active.
A.
''Track Zero Bad-Disk Unusable"
A. Reformat hard disk with DOS 3.0 or higher.
B. Access the config.sys file. make buffers = 99,
and reformat hard disk. After the fonnat is
complete. lower buffers to their original
configuration.
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
A.
"Error Reading Track 0"
Hard disk not formatted.
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
A.
Low level Fonnat Takes Too Long.
20 pin ribbon cable connected to the wrong port
on the controller card.
B. Check ribbon cables at controller for proper pin
one (1) alignment.
4
PROBLEM:
SOLUTION:
'Won't Format" - "System Won't Recognize" "Can't Access"
A Has drive been initialized? now level format,
partitioned. high level format)
B. --Check --for--properdrive--setect.-C. Check ribbon cables at controller for proper
pin one (1) alignment.
D. Verify that the 20 pin ribbon cable is connected
to the correct port on the controller card.
E. If two hard drives in system, verify proper
termination. (The terminating reSistor must be
removed from all but the last physical hard drive
in the chain)
F. Check for proper installation of the controller card
in the expansion slot.
G. Replace controller card.
TECHNICAL SUPPORT AVAILABLE AT 1 (800) 356-5333
5
Installation Guide for MiniScribe Models
3650 & 3675
This guide will allow you to install a MiniScribe hard disk drive into your IBM
penI AT orcrone~system:
Please read the entire installation guide before attempting to install your hard
disk drive.
Installation
1.
Set the drive on a padded surface (anti-static if available) with the printed
circuit board facing up. (If available. a properly grounded write strap should
be worn during this installation.) Do not touch any part of the printed
circuit board at any time during installation.
2.
If your system requires the drive to use mounting rails. secure the rails to
the drive in the orientation that best fits your system.
3.
Setting the Drive Select jumpers:
The drive select jumper (see fig. 2) is set according to the drives
asSignment. (C.D. etc.) and the configuration of the 34 pin ribbon cable.
If the 34 pin ribbon cable has no twisted connections (see fig. 1) configure
the fIrst drive (e) (inner connector) as drive select 0 (DSO). and the second
drive (D) (end connector) as drive select 1 (DSl). For a single drive
installation. attach the drive to either connector and configure as drive
select 0 (DSO).
I
~~~==:=~==::a~.u­
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
~
18181818
c:o
-
~
N
~
V"
~
V4
g 8181
~
~
N
-
~
0
J2
19
n1,"lnnlUI!
nnnI
UULJU lJU
!
i
3-4- PIN RIBOON CABLE (T'MSTt:O)
flCUR( 1.
6
!:
i,:
I
l
,I'.
i
If the 34 pin ribbon cable has a twist (see fig. 1) at the end connector.
attach the first drive (C) to the end (twisted) connector. and the second
drive (D) to the inner connector. Configure both drives (C & 0) for drive
select 1 (DS 1). For a single drive installation. attach the drive to the end
(twisted) connector and configure as drive select 1 (OS 1).
-~4.
When installing a single drive. the resistor termination pack (RPI) must
remain installed. When installing two drives. the resistor tennination pack
(RP 1) must be removed from all but the last physical drive in the chain.
5.
Slide the drive into your system's open slot with the activity LED towards
the outside of the system.
6.
Plug the 34 pin control cable and 20 pin data cable onto the hard drive's
printed circuit board edge connectors J 1 and J2 respectively. The striped
edge of the ribbon cable indicates pin 1. The location of pin 1 on the
connector must coincide with pin 1 on the printed circuit board edge
connector. Tip: On models 3650 and 3675 the striped edge of the ribbon
cable should always face the power connector (J3).
7.
Connect a 4 pin power connector to J3 on the hard disk.
8.
Check all connections for proper installation before powering up the
system. Do not apply power to the drive until the drive is secure and the
system cover is in place.
9.
You are now ready to proceed with the required hard disk formatting
operations. To properly prepare the hard disk for use in your system. three
steps must be taken: low level format. partition. and high level or physical
format. Consult the formatting documentation supplied with the controller
card or partitioning software instructions for the model 3650 and 3675.
Drive Specifications
Drive
·CYL
HDS
RWC
Precomp
3650
3675
809
809
6
6
810
810
128
128
Technical Support is available at 1-800-356-5333.
7
MINISCRIBE CORPORATION
INSTALLATION GUIDE
FOR MINISCRIBE MODEL
3053
This gUide will allow you to install a MiniScribe hard disk drive into your
IBM PC XI' / AT or clone system.
1.
Set the drive on a padded surface (anti-static if available). with the
printed circuit board facing up.
2.
If your system requires the use of mounting rails to secure the drives.
attach them in the orientation that best fits your system.
3.
Setting the drives select switCh:
DRIVE SELECT JUMPERS
RP14
v
34 Pin Ribbon Cable (TwIsted)
F1GUREl
POWER CONNE
DRIVE SPECIFICATIONS
Formatted Capacity
-44.6 MBytes
Data Cylinder
-1024
Read/Write Heads
-5
Average Access Time
-25msec
(Based on a 6 microsec step rate)
Power Dissipation
-12.4 Watts Average
Write Precompensation Cyl
-512
Starting Reduce Write
-1024
Current Cylinder
8
Attach 20 pin ribbon cable to J2.
Attach 34 pin ribbon cable to J 1.
Attach power connector to J3.
F1GURE 2.
When attaching the first drive (C) to the twisted connection of the 34
pin ribbon cable (see figure 1). and the second drive (0) to the nontwisted connection of the 34 pin ribbon cable. configure both drives as
drive select 2.
when--attachTrig the firsldfive (C) to the non-twisted-connectlon of the34 pin ribbon cable and the second drive (0) to the twisted connection of the 34 pin ribbon (See Figure 1). configure both drives as
drive select 1.
Check your controller installation manual to ensure correct attachment
of the 20 pin ribbon cable and the 34 pin ribbon cable at the controller.
4.
Configuring the terminator resistor:
When installing a single drive. the terminator resistor (RP14) must
remain installed. When installing two or more drives, the terminator
reSistor must be removed from all but the least drive (the drive
attached to the end connector). (See Figure 2.)
5.
Slide the hard drive into your system. The drive may be mounted in
any attitude including the normal flat position, on either side or on
either end.
6.
Verify that the location of pin 1 on the controller coincides with pin 1
of the ribbon cables (See Figure 1.). The color coded, striped edge of
the ribbon cable indicates pin 1.
7.
Connect a 4 pin power connector to J3 on the disk drive. Do not apply
power until the drive is secured.
8.
You are now ready to complete drive formatting procedures.
9
PARKING HEADS ON MODELS 3650 AND 3675
In the month of July, 1988 MiniScribe's Recon facility reported that
76°A> of the Model 3650 and 3675 drives arrived with the heads NOT
---PARKED- at the "land1ng-zon~' ,which-on these models is Cylinder- 852.
As you know, drives "not landed" could seriously damage the heads and
disks of the drives when they are in transit. resulting in high scrap
cost. and possibly voiding the warranty of the drive.
We really need your help in stressing to your customers and fellow
employees the importance of "PARKING THE HEADS" and "proper
packaging" of the drives for shipping.
Here are the steps to take to "park the heads" and "properly package"
the Model 3650 and 3675 for shipping.
1.
Disconnect both ribbon cables from the hard drive.
2.
Remove the drive select jumper from either DSO or DS!.
3.
Place that juniperon the pins marked JP3.
4.
Apply power to the drive.
5.
In approximately 30 seconds the heads will park at the "landing
zone". You will hear the stepper motor turn as it moves the
.
heads to the "landing zone", and the drives' LED will turn amber,
indicating the heads are parked.
6.
Disconnect power.
7.
Place the drive in its "Original" anti-static bag, and package the
drive for shipment in its "original" container.
If the drive will not spin or the stepper motor and/or its circuitry is
defective, then of course the heads cannot be parked. In this case it is
imperative that the drive is packaged for shipment in its "original"
container, thus minimizing the possibility of serious damage to the
heads and disks.
Your cooperation is vital and will certainly be greatly appreCiated.
Thank you.
10
MINISCRIBE MODELS 3650 AND 3675
ERROR CODES
Zero = 0.5 second flashing red mode
One = 0.5 second continuous red ON mode
Between Bits = 0.5 seconds off
Between Repeat Cycles = 1.0 second off
Listed below are the binary to hexadeCimal conversion values:
0=0000
1=0001
2=0010
3=0011
4=0100
5=0101
6=0110
7=0111
8=1000
9=1001
A=1010
B=1011
C=1100
D=1101
E=1110
F=1111
Example: Code "E"
0.5 Sec ON
0.5 Sec OFF
0.5 Sec ON
0.5 Sec OFF
0.5 Sec ON
0.5 Sec OFF
0.5 Sec FLASHING
1.0 Sec OFF
MESSAGE DEFINITIONS
Code 0 - Microprocessor RAM error
Code 1 - Microprocessor ROM checksum error
Code 2 - Interface chip diagnostic failure
Code 3 - Write Fault latch will not reset
Code 4 - Index pulse not detected during spinup
Code 5 - Unable to reach 3600 rpm in 30 seconds
Code 6 - Unable to stabilize spin speed in 10 seconds
Code 7 - Unable to maintain spin speed to 0.5%
Code 8 - Unable to uncover Track Zero sensor
Code 9 - Unable to cover Track Zero sensor
Code A - Track Zero interrupter misadjusted
Code B - Shipping zone error, crash stop misadjusted
Code C - Carriage stuck during recal error
Code D - Seek error during bum-in or recal
Code E - Unused
Code F - Unexpected .interrupt from processor
11
MINISCRIBE MODEL 3053
ERROR CODES
Zero =
0.5 second flashing mode
One-= -----0-.5 secoIiaCoIltihlious--ONIfidde-Between Bits = 0.5 second off
Between Repeat Cycles (Words) = 1.0 second off
Usted below are the binary to hexadecimal conversion values:
0=00000
1=00001
2=00010
3=00011
4=00100
5=00101
6=00110
7=00111
Example:
8=01000
9=01001
A=01010
B=01011
C=01100
D=01101
E=01110
F=Ollll
10=10000
11=10001
12=10010
13=10011
14=10100
15=10101
16=10110
17=10111
Code "lA" 11010
1
1
o
1
o
0.0 sec ON
0.5 sec OFF
0.5 sec ON
0.5 sec OFF
0.5 sec FLASHING
0.5 sec OFF
0.5 sec ON
0.5 sec OFF
0.5 sec FLASHING
1.0 sec OFF
12
18=11000
19=11001
1A=11010
1B=11011
1C=11100
ID=11101
1E=11110
IF=11111
ERROR CODE DEFINITIONS
Code 00
Code 01
Code 02
.. Code 03
Code 04
Code 05
Code 06
Code 07
Code 08
Code 09
Code OA
Code OB
Code OC
Code 00
Code OE
Code OF
Code 10
Code 11
Code 12
Code 13
Code 14
Code 15
Code 16
Code 17
Code 18
Code 19
Code lA
Code IB
Code IC
Code ID
Code IE
Code IF
NOTE:
= Microprocessor RAM error
Microprocessor ROM Checksum error
Interface chip diagnostic error
~--. == -- -WRITE FAULT will not reset
= Index pulse not detected or lost
= Unable to maintain spin speed within 0.5%
= Loss of +FINE TK. during idle mode
= More than one seek retry
= Time out on +END DECEL signal
= Time out on track crossing (-CYL PULSE)
= Overshoot
= Time out on +FlNE TK
= +TKO signal not detected on a seek to TKO
= Comparator mismatch during settling
= Comparator mismatch after track crossing .
= Unexpected interrupt from microprocessor
= Time out on TKO pattern
Time out on GB1 pattern
= Time out on GB2 pattern
= Seek range error
= Voltage unsafe with -WRTGATE inactive
= Voltage unsafe with -WRI'GATE active
= Chip unsafe (-WRI'TE FAULT)
= Step pulses received with -WRTGATE active
= Time out on +END DECEL signal
= Time out on track crossing (-CYL PULSE)
= Overshoot
= Time out on +FINE TK
= +TKO signal not detected
= Comparator mismatch after rezero
= Servo adjust failure - no closure
= 6301 Trap
=
=
=
Codes:
08, 09 = During a seek
Codes:
OA. OB, OC, OD
Codes:
10, 11, 12, 18, 19, IA = During a rezero
Codes:
IB, 1C, ID = After a rezero
13
=After a
seek
STANDARD REPORT
COMPLAINT ConE
COMPLAINT
BAD DIREcroRYTRACK - TRACK 0 ERROR
BAD . TRACKS/SECTORS/BLOCKS
BROKEN/LOOSE HARDWARE
BROKEN WIRE/CONNECTOR
D~GED FACEPLATE
DAMAGEDSHOCKMOUNTS
DAMAGED PCBA
DEFECTIVE LED
DEFECTIVE MEDIA SURFACE
DEFECTIVE PCBA COMPONENTS-BURNED
DEFECTIVE REZERO
EXCESSIVE FLAWS
FLASH CODE 0
FLASH CODE 1
FLASH CODE 2
FLASH CODE 3
FLASH CODE 4
FIASHCODE5
FIASHCODE6
FLASH CODE 7
FLASH CODE 8
FLASH CODE 9
FLASH CODE A
FLASH CODEB
FIASHCODEC
FLASH CODED
FLASHCODEE
FLASHCODEF
FLASH CODE 10
FLASH CODE 11
FLASH CODE 12
FLASH CODE 13
FLASH CODE 14
FLASH CODE 15
FLASH CODE 16
FLASH CODE 17
FLASH CODE 18
FLASH CODE 19
FLASH CODE 1A
FLASH CODE IB
FLASH CODE Ie
FLASH CODE ID
FLASH CODE IE
FLASH CODE IF
HARD ERRORS-TOO MANY BAD TRACKS
NOISY DRIVE
Naf READY - WON'T COME READY
POWER UP/SPIN
READ /WRITE ERRORS/PROBLEMS
SEEK STEP ERROR
TIME OUT
VERIFY /SELECT PROBLEM
WON'T BOOT LOAD
WON'T PARK - CAN'T PARK HEADS
14
63A
68
12
9
5
6
7
4
69
7B
11
66
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
52C
2
59A
62
55
56
61
58
60
71B
HANDLING AND PACKING
CAUTION /WARNING
The MiniScribe drive is a precision product. During handling, the product
must not be dropped. jarred or bumped. Otherwise. damage to the heads
and disks may occur. When the drive is removed from the MiniScribe
shipping container and not immediately secured within a chassis through its
shock mounts. it must be stored on a soft padded conductive (antistatic)
surface.
UNPACKING AND INSPECTION
SINGLE PACK A
Retain the packing materials for reuse. Refer to Figure 1 for the following
steps:
Step 1:
Inspect the shipping container for evidence of damage in transit.
If damage is evident. notify the carrier immediately.
Step 2:
Ground out work ~ and operator to eliminate electrostatic
dischar~e.
.
Step 3:
Open the outer carton by carefully cutting the tape on the top of
the carton.
Step 4:
Uft the inner carton out of the outer carton and remove the end
foam cushions.
Step 5:
Open the inner carton by carefully cutting the tape on the top of
the carton.
Step 6:
Uft the drive from the inner carton and remove the end foam
cushions, the cardboard wrap with spacer. and the conductive/
antistatic bag.
Step 7:
Place the two pairs of end cushions. the cardboard wrap with
spacer. and the inner carton within the outer carton and store
for subsequent use.
Step 8:
Inspect the drive for shipping damage. loose screws or
components and correct if possible. If damage is evident
without noticeable damage to the shipping cartons, notify
MiniScribe immediately for drive disposition.
15
MINISCRIBE
DRIVE
SLING
17
OUTER BOX
3/8 x 16 1/16 x 9 1/2
Figure 1
Single Pack Shipping Container A
SINGLE PACK B
Retain the packing materials for reuse. Refer to Figure 2 for the following
steps:
Step 1:
Inspect the shipping container for evidence of damage in transit.
If damage is evident. notify the carrier immediately.
Step 2:
Ground out work area and operator to eliminate electrostatic
dischar~e.
Step 3:
Open the outer carton by carefully cutting the tape on the top of
the carton.
Step 4:
Lift the inner carton out of the outer carton and remove the end
foam cushions.
Step 5:
Open the inner carton by carefully cutting the tape on the top of
the carton.
16
Step 6:
Lift the drive from the inner carton and remove the end foam
cushions. the cardboard wrap with spacer. and the conductive/
antistatic bag.
Step 7:
Place the two pairs of end cushions, the cardboard wrap and
store for subsequent use.
Step 8:
Inspect the drive for shipping damage. loose screws or
components and correct if possible. If damage is evident
without noticeable damage to the shipping cartons. notify
MiniScribe immediately for drive disposition.
Figure 2
Single Pack Shipping Container B
CARDBOARD WRAP
(WITH SPACER)
MINISCRIBE
DRIVE
1I.t:.~::;:\--- ANTI STATIC
END FOAM CUSHION
INNER (2X)
BAG
INNER
CARTON
END FOAM
CUSHION
OUTER (2X)
OUTER
CARTON
17 X II X 15
17
MULTIPACK
Retain the packing materials for reuse. Refer to Figure 3 for the following
-steps: ---.. ---._.. .
Step 1:
Inspect the shipping container for evidence of damage in transit.
If damage is evident. notify the carrier immediately.
Step 2:
Ground out work ~ and operator to eliminate electrostatic
dischar~e.
Step 3:
Lift off outer carton top.
Step 4:
Lift off upper foam cushion. This will expose the drives in their
conductive / antistatic bag.
Step 5:
Uft each drive out of the lower foam cushion individually and
remove the conductive/antistatic bag.
Step 6:
Return conductive/antistatic bag to lower foam cushion for reuse.
Step 7:
Place drive on a protective foam pad and inspect the drive for
shipping damage. loose screws or components and correct if
possible. If damage is evident without noticeable damage to the
shipping carton. notify MiniScribe immediately for drive disposition.
Step 8:
Once all the drives have been removed from the shipping carton
and the conductive/antistatic bad has been returned to the lower
foam cushion. reassemble the carton and store for reuse.
REPACKING
Should the MiniScribe drive require shipment. repack the drive using the
antistatic bag supplied and the other MiniScribe packing materials and
following the steps above in reverse order. The MiniScribe series contain
shipping zones for protectlon of the data areas from periods of mishandling.
Prior to power down for shipment. the host controller should access this
zone: if it is NOT the product warranty is void.
18
OUTER CARTON
(TOP)
UPPER FOAM
CUSHION
l.OWER FOAM
CUSHION
MINISCRISE
ORIVE
OUTER CARTON
(80TTOM)
ANTISTATIC
. BAG
ASSEM8LED CONTAINER
DIMENSIONS;
34.2~ x 12.7S 1 ~. 00
(23. ~o l 12. 7~ l ~.OO)
MOLTIPACK SHIPPING CONTAINER
19
NOTICE
___Th_~_~§_~~b~_c!!1Y~:Q_~QQU~!_~~!Y_ is y~i~_ i(!J1e ~V'~ _i§_ ~~!urned to
_
MiniScrtbe in other than the standard MiniScribe shipping carton packed in
accordance with the enclosed procedure.
It should also be noted that the MiniScribe drive product warranty is void if
the multi-pack shipping container is not shipped on a pallet.
20
FORMATTING AND PARTITIONING THE
MINISCRIBE 3650, 3675, OR 3053
WITH THE WESTERN DIGITAL WDIOO2A-WXl CONTROLLER
1.
Boot the machine from drive A:
2.
Load DOS debug. com utility by typing: A>debug<Return>
3.
At the debug prompt (-) type: -g=c800:5<Return.>
4.
The screen should display the following:
Super Bios Formatter Rev. 2.4 (C) Copyright Western Digital
Corp. 1987
Current Drive is C:, Select new Drive or RETURN for current.
5.
Press return for drive C: <Return>
6.
The screen should display the following:
Current interleave is 3. Select new interleave or RETURN for
current.
7.
Press Return or type new interleave value. <Return.>
8.
The screen should display the following:
Are you dynamically configuring the drive - answer YIN
9.
Type Y for Yes <Return>
10.
Key in disk characteristics as follows: ccc h rrr ppp ee 0 where
ccc = total number of cylinders (1-4 digits)
h = number of heads (1-2 digits)
rrr = starting reduced write cylinder (1-4 digits)
ppp = write precomp cylinder
ee = max correctable error burst length (1-2 digits)
range = 5 to 11 bits, default = 11 bits
o = CCB option byte, step rate select (1 hex digit)
range = 0 to 7, default = 5
refer to controller and drive specification for step rates
11.
Enter: 809, 6, 810, 128, 11, 7 for models 3650/3675.
Enter: 1024, 5, 1025, 512, 11, 7 for model 3053.
12.
Are you virtually configuring the drive - answer Y/N
13.
Enter Y for yes.
21
14.
Key in cylinder number for virtual drive split as vvv ...
where vvv = number of cylinders for drive C: (1-4 digits)
15.
Enter: 602 for 30/10 Meg. split or 405 for 20/20 split (models
3650/3675).
Enter: 698 for 30/14 meg. split or 512 fcir~22122-rileg-split -rmoaer
3053).
16.
Screen will display: press Y to begin formatting Drive C with
interleave 3.
17.
Press Y <Return> to begin the Low Level Format. Any other key will
exit with nothing done.
18.
The screen should display the following:
Formatting...
Then or after several minutes it will prompt you.
Do you want to format bad tracks - answer YIN
19.
Type N, for no (typing Y for yes is not recommended.)
20.
The screen should display the following:
Format Successful
System will not restart
Insert DOS diskette in drive A:
Press any key when ready.
21.
Load and execute DOS FDISK utility for drive C and D.
22.
Load and execute DOS FORMAT utility for driveC and D.
Reference DOS Manual for questions regarding FDISK and FORMAT
utilities.
If further assistance is required, contact MiniScribe Tech Support at
800-356-5333.
-
22
FORMATTING AND PARTITIONING THE
MlNISCRlBE 3650, 3675, OR 3063
WITH THE ADAPI'EC ABC2010A CONTROLLER
-Boot-system with DOS-in drive- I'A".
Run DEBUG as follows:
A>debug
-g=c800:ccc
ADAPTEC ACB2010A FORMAT PROGRAM
Enter interleave (1-9) = 3
Enter drive id (0/1) = 0
Should we use Adaptec defect handling (Y/N)? N
Should we use the default parameters (YIN)? N
Reply to the following questions in hex only:
Number of logical units for this drive (1-8) = 2
Step pulse rate (0-7) = 6
Landing zone = 852 (3650/3675), 1024 (3053)
ECC correction span = 11
Write pre-camp cylinder = 128 (3650/3675), 512 (3053)
Reduce write current cylinder = 810 (3650/3675), 1025 (3053)
Head count = 6 (3650/3675), 5 (3053)
Cylinder count = 809 (3650/3675), 1024 (3053)
Sendihg mode select = 15
Sending write buffer = OF
Forrnat in progress = 04
Track verification = logical unit 00
Track verification = logical unit 01
23
Press <RETI1RN> to proceed or <ESCAPE> to cancel. . .
Interleave (1-15): 3
Are you SURE you want to format (YIN) Y
Formatting. . .
Format complete.
Verifying... 100%.
Verify complete.
Load and execute DOS FDISK utility for drive C and D.
Load and execute DOS FORMAT utility for drive C and D.
Reference DOS Manual for questions regarding FDISK and FORMAT utilities.
If further technical assistance is required. contact MiniScribe Technical
Support at 800-356-5333.
24
FORMATTING AND PARTITIONING THE
MINISCRIBE 3650. 3675. OR 3053 WITH DTC
MODEL 5150 CR. CIt AND CS CONTROLLERS
Turn system power on.
The following prompts will appear on the screen: please respond as
indicated.
*Controller board configuration*
Hards Disk 1: Configuration parameters not found.
To install configuration parameters. run DEBUG from floppy disk "A" as
follows:
A>debug
g=CBOO: 5
Insert DOS diskette in drive "A"
System will boot! Please wait. . . .
*Format Utility*
Drive no. (1-2): 1
Interleave (2-9): 3
Drive Table:
O.
ST-225/Tandon-262
1.
ST-403B.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
MiniScribe-3425 /Microscience-725.
ST-212/ST-412.
Priam-V150 ..
Priam-V170.
ST-425.
Tandon-362/ST-13B.
ST-4051/Tandon-755.
ST-251.
ST-213/MiniScrtbe-3012/3212/Syquest-312.
Tandon-703.
Maxtor-10B5.
ST-4096.
Oki-540.
Free Format
B.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
Table no: 15
25
Fonnat complete, press CTRL-BRK.
Type Q to exit DEBUG.
__~ad and_execute DOS FDISK utility for drive C and D.
Load and execute DOS FORMAT utility for drive C and D.
Reference DOS Manual for questions regarding FDISK and FORMAT utilities.
If further technical assistance is required. contact MiniScribe Technical
Support at 800-356-5333.
26
FORMATTING AND PARTITIONING THE
MINISCRIBE 38150, 36715, OR 30153
WITH OMTI MODEL 5220A CONTROLLER (-10 BIOS)
... Turn system power on.
The following prompts will appear on the screen; please respond as
indicated.
To install configuration parameters. run DEBUG from floppy disk "A" as
follows:
A>debug
g=C800: 6
This
FO~T
routine will DESTROY ALL data on your disk!
Press <RETURN> to proceed or <ESCAPE> to cancel. . .
Enter drive # (0 or 1): 0
Use default parameters (YIN) N
Total CYLS; 809 (3650/3675). 1024 (3053)
Total HEADS; 6 (3650/3675). 5 (3053)
Write Precomp CYL «RETURN> for none):
128 (3650/3675, 512 (3053)
CONTROL BYTE: 2
Press >RETURN> to proceed or <ESCAPE> to cancel. ..
Logical. partitioning deSired
(Y IN)
Y
Total CYLS in 1st logical unit: 616 (3650/3675). 744 (3053)
Any defects (Y IN)?
N
Any defects (YIN)?
y
(Press <RETURN> to end defect list)
CYLINDER:
HEAD:
CYLINDER:
More entries (YIN)?
N
27
·Format Utility·
Cylinders (1-2048):
809 (3650/3675), 1024 (3053).
lj:eads (1-16): 6 (3650/3675),.5 (3Q53t
Step Rate (Micro sec):
(59 10 9 20 9 30 9 40 9 50 9 60, 70)
Step Rate (Micro sec): 10
Set reduced write current at cylinder: Press <RETURN> for None
Set write precompensatlon at cylinder: 128 (3650/3675), 512 (3053)
Split into 2 logical units (YIN): Type Y
Drive will split into 2.
Enter drive defect table (YIN) N
Enter drive defect table? (YIN) Y
(Type <ESCAPE> to end input)
Line Cylinder Head
1
Is above information correct? (YIN)
Ready to ERASE entire disk? (YIN): Type Y
Formatting hard disk no. 1
Cyl Head
Cyl 808
Head 5
Format complete.
Insert DOS diskette in drive A:
Proceed to FDISK and. FORMAT.
Enter any key. System will restart!
Load and execute DOS FDISK utility for drive C and D.
Load and execute DOS FORMAT utility for drive C and D.
Reference DOS Manual for questions regarding FDISK and FORMA utilities.
If further technical assistance is required. contact MiniScribe Technical
Support at 800-356-5333.
28
COlWPATIBILITY
Interfaces
ST506/ST412
The ST506/ST412 interface has been an industry standard since 1981. It is
primarily intended for low-cost. low-capacity applications.
This interface standard places most of the drive subsystem's logic on the
controller. The drive in this installation is primarily a recording device.
The compatibility from drive to controller is primarily centered around one
question. Can the controller properly handle a drive with the drive's
characteristics? These characteristics are number of cylinders, number of heads
and encoding method (MFM or RLL). If the controller can handle the drives
characteristics it should be compatible.
RLL is an encoding method that allows about 500/0 more infonnatlon to be
recorded on a disk drive compared to MFM recording. This does not imply' that
drives that have been designed for MFM use will work properly when connected
to a RLL controller. RLL encoding by nature requires drive circuitry that can
handle a wider frequency range than MFM drives have been designed for. If using
an RLL controller it is always best to stay With an RLL certified drive. This will
minimize the chances of data loss.
The compatibility of the controller to the computer largely depend on whether
both the controller and the computer adhere to industry standards. If either the
controller or the computer deviate from the standards there is a potential for
incompatibility. Controller to computer compatibility questions should be
directed to the controller manufacturer and/or computer manufacturer.
ESDI
The ESDI (Enhanced Small Device Interface) is as its name implies an enhanced
interface. This interface has been around for a shorter period than the
ST506/ST412 and there are still new features being designed in. It is a
substantial upgrade of the ST506/ST412 interface. This interface is oriented
toward high-capacity, high-speed small Winchesters. It is also capable of handling
magnetic tapes and optical disk" drives.
The ESDI is designed around a serial transfer rate of 10 and 15 megabit per
second. This interface puts more logic on the drive and allows the controller to
be simplified.
The compatibility issues are almost the same as the ST506/ST412 interface. One
new issue is interface speed. ESDI drives and controllers are aVailable in 10 and
15 megabit per second versions. The controller speed has to match the drive
speed.
29
SCSI
The SCSI (Small Computer Systems Interface) differs from the previous interfaces
in that it is not dedicated only to hard disk interfacing. It will allow printers.
floppy drives and other devices to share a common interface. The SCSI interface
allows the computer to communicate with up to eight separate devices.
With SCSI most of the drive control is designed into the drive. The SCSI bus
transfers bytes of infonnation in parallel rather than in serial form like the
ST506/ST412 and ESDI interfaces. The maximum data transfer rate is from 1.5
Megabytes/second to 4 Megabytes/second. This is equivalent to a 12
Megabit/ second to 32 Megabit/ second serial transfer rate.
SCSI is still in an evolutionary stage. Some computer manufacturers have
customized their SCSI interfaces for their systems. These two factors coupled
with the inherent complexity of the interface are the primary causes of
incompatibility with SCSI devices.
ONBOARD CONTROLLER
Drives with integrated controllers are allowing MiniScribe to maximize disk drive
performance while at the same time reduce the had drive subsystems overall cost.
size and power consumption. These drives also minimize compatibility issues
since the controller circuitry is imbedded on the drive.
Computer manufacturers are designing new computers with hard disk support
circuitry on their motherboards. With these newer systems it is possible to plug
the new drives with integrated controllers directly into the motherboard. Check
with MiniScribe for compatibility with these new computers.
Older XT and AT systems can utilize these new drives with a simple interface
board that plugs into the system bus (like a regular controller) and the appropriate
cable. The xr interface will handle two integrated XT style drives. The AT
interface is available in two versions. One version will control two integrated AT
style drives while the other version will handle two floppy drives as well as the
two AT drives.
rnSTALLATIONSOFrWARE
Installation/partitioning software is sometimes necessary in AT systems when the
AT BIOS does not support the drive satisfactorily and/or their version of DOS does
not allow multiple DOS partitions without external drivers.
Installation/partitioning software s function is quite Simple. It handles all I/O to
all partitions beyond the DOS boot partition. It does this with an external device
driver that is loaded in at boot time. This device driver reads the drive
parameters from the boot area of the disk allowing partitions beyond the DOS
partition to escape the limitations of the BIOS drive type.
1
Installation software is generally compatible with current versions of MS-DOS and
PCODOS. As new versions of DOS become available it is usually necessary to obtain
the most current version of installation software.
30
When used with controllers with BIOS low-level formatters it is generally
necessary to initialize the drive with the BIOS formatter. Then the installation
software is used to partition and prepare the drive.
The three steps necessary to prepare a drive for use are as follows:
I.
lhitia.IiZe(lbw-level-formatl the drive (with utility disk; controllerBIOS routine. or install/partitioning software).
2.
Partition the drive (with DOS Fdisk command or partitioning
software).
3.
Format the dnve (with DOS Format command or partitioning
software) ..
Caution! Do not use any disk diagnostics on drives installed with installation
software (other than those included with the installation software) without
checking with the installation software company. Outside diagnostic utilities can
inadvertently write to a data area on the disk. damaging infonnation.
NON-DOS OPERATING SYSTEMS
UNIX &XENIX
Unix and Xenix for 286 and 386 machines for the most part require a drive table
entry for the drive to work properly. Controllers that have their own BIOS
routines for hard disk control may present unique installation problems. contact
your controller manufacturer and/or operating system company for compatibility
issues.
NOVELL
Novell's hard disk installation program "CompSurf' limits drive selection to those
found in the AT drive table. If the drive is found in the drive table there is no
need for installation software.
If there is no suitable match in the AT drive table. installation software like
Ontrack's disk Manager type N will be necessary for a drive installation under
Novell. Contact Ontrack for compatibility issues surrounding Novell versions and
controller compatibility.
MFMORRLL?
MFM has been the industry standard for a number of years. It is part of a family of
codes used for magnetic recording which allows the controller to track the data as
it is being read to help insure reliable data transfers. 'This code is based on a 5
megabit per second transfer rate which, when used with the industIy standard
format. yields 512 bytes in 17 sectors or 8704 bytes per recording track. (A byte
of information can be thought of as any key stroke on a typewriter).
31
RLL has recently become popular and is based on a 7.5 megabit per second
transfer rate. Because of the higher transfer rate. more data can be put onto a
track: 26 sectors of 512 bytes or 13312 bytes per track. 7.5 mega bits per second
is 50% faster than 5.0 megabits per second. A drive running MFM might yield 20
megabytes and 30 if it can run RLL.
-RLL is similar enough to MFM so that no major redesign of the drive was required.
Differences however do exist. MFM code uses a Simpler arrangement of three
frequencies while RLL uses 6. The drive configuration table identifies which
drives are MFM or RLL.
This does not mean an MFM drive will not run RLL.· MiniScribe's warranty for data
reliability of the drive is based on the deSignated encoding method.
There are companies that buy our :MFM products and retest it to RLL
specifications. These companies then offer their own warranty for RLL
performance. If you come across one of these drives verify that they do test to RLL
specifications and that they warranty their product. If in doubt give us a call at 1800-356-5333.
.
INTERLEAVING
During the initialization of the drive you may be asked for interleave. Interleave
refers to the numbering sequences of the sectors of information. Typically there
are 17 sectors per disk. If these were visible. the disk would resemble being
sliced into sections like pie.
During a read or write operation. the controller must collect the data then
transfer it to the deSired location. This handling of data takes time causing
consecutive sectors may be missed. To avoid this. the data can be recorded or
read in leap frog fashion. Example: Read 1. skip 2. read 1. skip 2., etc.·
In this case. every 3rd sector is read which represents an interleave of 3 to 1 (3: 1
or simply 3). It also means that it will take 3 revolutions of the disk to read the
entire track.
If the interleave is too tight: say 1: 1. the neXt sector may have already passed
under the recording head when the controller is ready to continue. The result is
that the controller will have to wait 1 revolution for that sector to arrive again.
This pattern continues for all of the 17 sectors forcing the controller to wait for
17 revolutions to read 1 track. It is better to be too loose than be too tight on
interleave.
Following is an interleave table to better illustrate different interleaves.
Typically the following table will work:
6:1
4: 1
3: 1
2: 1
IBM XT
Rl1 XT Clones
l\1FM AT and XT Clones
Turbo MFM Systems
To determine the optimum performance will require _some experimentation.
32
~PRECOMPENSAnON
If you were to look at the drive's data Signals they would appear as electronic
pulses. The frequencies used to generate .these pulses are stepped up and down
at very specif1c intervals. This is necessary for the controller to be able to track
the data as it is being read.
.
As the drive records toward the inner portions of the disk these precisely timed
.- -pulses-begin to shift~· This· degrades its reliability:---Fortunateiy;-the-shiftoccurs-irr
a predictable manner which can be corrected by the controller. If the shift will
cause a shorter pulse the controller will write the pulse longer. This causes the
pulse to shift closer to the correct time interval.
The predictable shifting of the data signal is precompensated to cancel the effect
of writing at the inner portion of the disk.
33
DISK MANAGER BY ONTRACK
COl\fPUTER SYSTEMS
PC-XT 1YPE CONSIDERATIONS
Approach 1:
If your controller card has a switch or jumper setting which correctly
matches all parameters necessary for correct operation of your particular
disk drive. you should set those switches/jumpers accordingly. The drive
should then be treated as a "STANDARD" drive when using DISK MANAGER.
Approach 2:
Use "AUTO-CONFIGURE" on controller cards so equipped (usually invoked by
using "DEBUG") to make DISK MANAGER perceive that the hard disk
.
controller correctly matches all parameters necessary for correct operation of
your particular disk drive. This process is usually invoked by using the DOS
"DEBUG" program. and involves using programs which are stored in the
controller'S BIOS ROM to "AUTO-CONFIGURE" and low level format the hard
disk. The drive should then be treated as a "STANDARD" drive when using
DISK MANAGER The DISK MANAGER low level format SHOULD NOT be
performed after low level fonnatting with an "AUTO CONFIGURE" BIOS, since
the "AUTO CONFIGURATION" data may be destroyed. NOTE: Many "AUTO
CONFIGURE" controllers prOvide an option for allowing the user to "SPLIT"
the drive into 2 parts. Use of this option will cause DISK MANAGER to see
the drive as though it were 2 separate disks. This is not recommended, and
precludes the attachment of a second physical hard disk in most cases.
Approach 3:
Use of DISK MANAGER to call it a NONSTANDARD drive can be done as
follows:
A
B.
C.
Choose a drive-type which is supported by your controller'S ROM-BIOS
using the 1YPE-SELECTION criteria below.
Use DISK MANAGER in either the "AUTOMATIC" or "MANUAL" mode
to install the drive as a NONSTANDARD drive, and inform DISK
MANAGER of what type of drive you actually have at the appropriate
prompt.
Please see the note below on CAPACITY REDUCTION.
34
PC-XT TYPE SELECTION CRITERIA
The chosen TYPE must be smaller or equal to the actual disk drive you are
installing in BOTH the head-count and cylinder-count dimensions. Further. it
is deSirable to match AS CLOSELY AS POSSIBLE the head-count between the
drive-type and the drive you are installing. For further information on the
consequences of this parameter. read the section below on CAPACITI
REDUCTION.
PC-AT TYPE CONSIDERATIONS
Drive-type selection is performed on PC-AT type computers by an internal
"CMOS CONFIGURATION MEMORY" rather than Switches and jumpers as in
the PC-X'I' type computers.
DISK MANAGER is capable of analyzing your computer's internal drive-type
tables and correctly selecting the optimum CMOS setting for you. if deSired.
DISK MANAGER also allows you to choose CMOS settings based on your own
criteria. if desired. Further. if your disk drive is a NONSTANDARD drive (one
that does NOT have a corresponding entry in your machine's internal tables),
DISK MANAGER's device driver will compensate for that. allowing partitions
handled by the device driver to use the drive's full capacity. See notes below
regarding CAPACI1Y REDUCTION, and, if you desire to select CMOS yourself.
see the section immediately below on TYPE SELECTION criteria.
PC-AT TYPE SELECTION CRITERIA
The chosen TYPE must be smaller or equal to the actual disk drive you are
installing in BOTH the head-count and cylinder-count dimensions. Further. if
you are installing a drive with more than 8 heads (or has logic which decodes
all 4 head-select bits) you MUST choose a type which either does NOT use
WRITE-PRE C OMPENSATION, or has a "08" value for the control byte.
Failure to satisfy the above requirements will result in a system which has an
extremely long delay on boot (2-3 minutes) and finally produces a DISK
ERROR message after the delay. Usually, the boot process can then be
completed from diskette.
Finally, it is deSirable to match AS CLOSELY AS PODSSIBLE the head count
between the drive-type and the drive you are installing. For further
information on the consequences of this parameter. read the section below on
CAPACI1Y REDUCTION.
35
CAPACOY REDUCTION
The DOS partition (necessary ONLY to boot) on a NONSTANDARD disk can
use ONLY the part of the disk depicted by the BIOS ROM for the particular
drive-type you have chosen (With--switche-s-~-Jumpers;--CMOS,--etc.).---Therefore,
if you have a drive which DOES NOT have a drive-type entry with the same
number of heads, the DOS partition will effectively WASTE DISK SPACE. If
the head-count mismatch is severe. only a VERY SMALL DOS partition would
be possible without wasting a Significant portion of the capacity. This
limitation DOES NOT apply to partitions handled by the DISK MANAGER
device driver.
Specific operating instructions are available by accessing the "READ ME" file
on your DISK MANAGER diskette.
36
MSDOS3.3
HARD DISK PARTITIONING GUIDE
Prepared by:
Roger Groeneveld
Technical Support Representative
MlDiScribe Corporation
37
The information contained in this Guide is for partitioning hard disk
drives in a PC/XI' type system using MS DOS 3.3.
The debug address used for the low level fonnt is for a Western Digital
controller card. This address may vary depending on the brand of
controller card used.
Data that must be entered via keyboard will be indicated by
underining.
INDEX
Page 1
Low Level Format (Western Digital)
Pages 1 - 3
PartitiOning Using MS DOS 3.3 (FDISK and DOS format
answering "N" to virtually configuring)
Pages 4 - 6
Partitioning using Western Digital controller (FDISK
and DOS format answemg 'Y" to virtually configuring)
38
Low Level Fonnat (Western Digital)
I.
A
Insert MS DOS 3.3 diskette into A: drive.
B.
Cold or warm boot system.
C.
Remove MS DOS 3.3 diskette from A: drive.
D__ ~~_~ Insert MS DOS 3.3 "Utility" diskette into A: drive.
1.
Enter DEBUG CR
2.
At DEBUG prompt (-), enter: G=C800:5 CR
E.
Screen will display:
1.
SUPER BIOS FORMATIER
2.
CURRENT DRIVE IS C:, SELECT NEW DRIVE OR CR
FOR CURRENT.
3.
CURRENT INTERLEAVE IS 3, SELECT NEW
INTERLEAVE OR CR FOR CURRENT.
4.
ARE YOU DYNAMICALLY CONFIGURING THE DRIVE
-ANSWERYjN
A.
ENTER YCR
B.
KEY IN DISK CHARACTERISTICS _ _ _
CYLINDERS, HEADS, ETC. CR
5.
ARE YOU VIRrUALLY CONFIGURING THE DRIVE ANSWERYjN
A
NOTE: ENTER Y CR IF YOU WANT A C:
PARTITION SMALLER THAN THE MAXIMUM
SIZE ALLOWED FOR A DOS PARTII10N.
ENTER N CR IF YOU WANT A C: PARTITION
THE MAXIMUM SIZE ALLOWED FOR A DOS
PARTITION.
6.
PRESS Y TO BEGIN FORMATIING DRIVE C WITH
INTERLEAVE 03.
A
ENTER YCR
NOTE:
Low level format should take apprOximately 10-20 minutes to
complete.
II.
FDISK and DOS format (if you answered "N" for virtually
configuring) .
A
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
Remove MS DOS 3.3 utility diskette from A drive.
Insert MS DOS 3.3 diskette into A drive.
Press any key to reboot system.
A: Enter FDISK CR
Screen will display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:
4.
ENTER CHOICE: (1) CR (CREATE DOS PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
ENTER CHOICE: (1) CR (CREATE PRlMARY DOS
PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
39
1.
2.
3.
H.
NOTE:
1.
J.
K.
L.
M.
N.
O.
CREATE PRIMARY DOS PARTITION
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
DO YOU WISH TO USE THE MAXIMUM SIZE FOR A
DOS PARTITION AND MAKE THE DOS PARrmON
ACTIVE (YIN) . . . . ?
--A
ENTER- al-iQEl
Screen will now display:
1.
SYSTEM WILL NOW RESTARr
2.
INSERr DOS DISKEIIE IN DRIVE A: PRESS ANY
KEY WHEN READY ...
System will now reboot.
Enter FDISK CR
Screen will now display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
·CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:
4.
ENTER CHOICE: (1) CR (CREATE DOS PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
ENTER CHOICE: (2) CR (CREATE EXTENDED DOS
PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE EXTENDED DOS PARrIll0N
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
PARTITION STATUS _ _ _
4,
TOTAL DISK SPACE IS # CYLINDERS. MAXIMUM
SPACE AVAILABLE FOR PARTmON IS #
CYLINDERS.
5.
ENTER PARTITION SIZE ... (#CYLS) CR
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE EXTENDED DOS PARrITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
PARrITION STATUS _ _ _
4.
EXTENDED DOS PARTITION CREATED
5.
PRESS ESC TO RETURN TO FDISK OPTIONS
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE LOGICAL DOS DRIVE(S)
2.
NO LOGICAL DRIVES DEFINED
3.
TOTAL PARrITION SIZE IS # CYLINDERS
4.
MAXIMUM SPACE AVAILABLE FOR LOGICAL DRIVE
IS # CYLINDERS.
5.
ENTER LOGICAL DRIVE SIZE ... (# CYLS) CR
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE LOGICAL DOS DRIVE(S)
2.
DRV START END SIZE
A:.
D: _ _ _
3.
4.
ALL AVAILABLE SPACE IN THE. EXTENDED DOS
PARrITION IS ASSIGNED TO LOGICAL DRIVES
LOGICAL DOS DRIVE CREATED, DRIVE LEI IERS
40
P.
_Q~
NOTE:
R
CHANGED OR ADDED
5.
PRESS ~ TO RETURN TO FDISK OPTIONS
Screen will now display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
PRESS ESC TO RETURN TO DOS
S~reen will now display: _
I.
SYSTEM WILL NOW RESTARr
2.
INSERT DOS DISKETIE IN DRIVE A: PRESS ANY
KEY WHEN READY ....
System will now reboot.
A: Enter FORMAT C: IS QR
1.
WARNING. ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK
DRIVE C: WILL BE LOST! PROCEED WITH FORMAT
(YIN)?
A
EnterYCR
NOTE:
S.
D: Partition is now being prepared. This should take
approximately 4 - 5 minutes.
Screen will now display:
1.
FORMAT COMPLETE
2.
SYSTEM TRANSFERRED
3.
CAPACl1Y OF C: PARrITION
4.
A:. ENTER FORMAT D: CR
5.
WARNING. ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK
DRIVE D: WILL BE LOST! PROCEED WITH FORMAT
(Y IN)?
A
EnterYCR
NOTE:
T.
D: Partition is now being prepared. This should take
approximately 2 - 3 minutes.
Screen will now display:
1.
FORMAT COMPLETE
2.
CAPACl1Y OF D: PARTITION
Your hard disk drive is now ready to be used.
III.
FDISK and DOS Format (if you answered "Y" to virtually
configuring)
A
B.
C.
D.
E.
Remove MS DOS 3.3 utility diskette from A: drive
Insert MS DOS 3.3 diskette into A: drive
Press any key to reboot system
A: Enter FDISK CR
Screen will now display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE:' 1
3.
CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:
41
F.
G.
H.
NOTE:
I.
J.
4.
ENTER CHOICE: (1) ~ (CREATE DOS PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE DOS PARTIIION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
ENTER CHOICE (1) CR (CREATE PRIMARY DOS
PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE PRIMAR DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
DO YOU WISH TO USE THE MAXIMUM SIZE FOR A
DOS PARTITION AND MAKE THE DOS PARTITION
ACTIVE (YIN) . . .? ( )
A.
Enter NCR
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE PRIMARY DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
TOTAL DISK SPACE IS # CYLINDERS. MAXIMUM
SPACE AVAILABLE FOR PARTmON IS #
CYLINDERS.
The # cylinders will be the number of cylinders minus one
that you selected for the Virtual split in the low level format.
4.
ENTER PARTITION SIZE ... : (# CYLS) CR
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE PRIMARY DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
PARTITION STATIJS TYPE START END SIZE
4.
PRIMARY DOS PARTITION CREATED
5.
PRESS ESC TO RETURN TO FDISK OPTIONS
Screen will now display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:
NOTE: WARNING! No partitions marked active.
ENTER CHOICE: !2l CR (CHANGE ACTIVE
PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
1.
CHANGE ACTIVE PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE: 1
3.
PARTITION STATUS TYPE START END SIZE
4.
TOTAL DISK SPACE IS # CYLINDERS
5.
ENTER THE NUMBER OF THE PARTITION YOU
WANT TO MAKE ACTIVE . . .: ill CR
6.
PARTITION 1 MADE ACTIVE
7.
PRESS ESC TO RETURN TO FDISK OPTIONS
Screen will now display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRIVE:' 1
3.
CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING:
4.
K.
L.
42
ENTER CHOICE: i5.l CR (SELECT NEXT FIXED
DISK DRIVE)
Screen will now display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRNE: 2
3.
CHOOSE ONE OF THE fOLLOWING:
4.
ENTER CHOICE: ill CR (CREATE DOS PARTmON)
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRNE: 2
3.
ENTER CHOICE:
CR (CREATE EXTENDED DOS
PARTITION)
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE EXTENDED DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRNE: 2
3.
TOTAL DISK SPACE IS # CYLINDERS. MAXIMUM
SPACE. AVAILABLE FOR PARTmON IS # CYLINDERS
4~
ENTER PARTmON SIZE ... : (# CYLS) .QB
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE EXTENDED DOS PARTITION
2.
CURRENT FIXED DISK DRNE: 2
3.
PARTITION STATUS TYPE START END SIZE
4.
EXTENDED DOS PARTITION CREATED
5.
PRESS ESC TO RETURN TO FDISK OPTIONS
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE LOGICAL DOS DRIVE(S)
2.
NO LOGICAL DRIVES DEFINED
3.
TOTAL PARTITION SIZE IS # CYLINDERS
4.
MAXIMUM SPACE AVAILABLE FOR LOGICAL DRIVE
IS # CYLINDERS
5.
ENTER LOGICAL DRIVE SIZE ... : (# CYLS) CR
Screen will now display:
1.
CREATE LOGICAL DOS DRIVE(S)
2.
DRV START END SIZE
3.
ALL AVAILABLE SPACE IN THE EXTENDED DOS
PARTITION IS ASSIGNED TO LOGICAL DRNES
4.
LOGICAL DOS DRIVE CREATED, ORNE LEI IERS
CHANGED OR ADDED
5.
PRESS ESC TO RETURN TO FDISK OPTIONS
Screen will now display:
1.
FDISK OPTIONS
2.
PRESS ESC TO RETURN TO DOS
Screen will now display:
1.
SYSTEM WILL NOW RESTART
2.
INSERT DOS DISKETIE IN DRIVE A: PRESS ANY
KEY WHEN READY ...
4.
M.
N.
m
O.
P.
Q.
R.
S.
T.
NOTE:
U.
System will now reboot.
A: Enter FORMAT C:/S CR
1.
WARNING: ALL DATA ON NON=-REMOVABLE DISK
DRIVE C: WILL BE LOST! PROCEED WITH FORMAT
43
(YIN)?
A.
EnterY~
NOTE:
V.
C: Partition is now being prepared. This will take
approximately 4 - 5 minutes.
Screen will now display:
1.
FORMAT COMPLETE
2.
SYSTEM TRANSFERRED
3.
CAPACI1Y OF C: PARlIliON
4.
A: ENTER FORMAT D: CR
5.
WARNING, ALL DATA ON NON-REMOVABLE DISK
DRIVE D: WILL BE LOST! PROCEED WITH FORMAT
(yIN)?
A.
NOTE:
W.
Enter Y .QB
D: Partition is now being prepared. This should take
approximately 4 - 5 minutes.
Screen will now display:
1.
FORMAT COMPLETE
2.
CAPACITY OF D: PARTITION
Your hard disk drive is now ready to be used.
44
CREATING MULTIPLE PARTITIONS WITH DOS 3.3
DRIVE:
CONTROLLER:
SYSTEM:
MiniScribe 3650
WD1002 - WXl
XT
The drive was virtually split at Cylinder 404 in the low level format to
create two logical drives. In FDisk a 10MB DOS partition and a 10l\t1B
extended DOS partition was created within each logical drive. These
partitions were designated C. D, E and F.
Drive 1
DOS
EXT.
Drive 2
Iii
DOS 3.3 will not allow two DOS or two extended DOS partitions to be
created within a logical drive partition. What is of interest. when the
extended DOS partition was created on the first logical drive, DOS 3.3
labeled it as the D partition. When the DOS partition was created on
the second logical drive, DOS 3.3 then labeled it as the D partition and
changed the extended DOS partition on the first logical drive to E.
If the drive is not virtually split into logical units, DOS 3.3 is capable of
creating multiple partitions through the FDISK command. This is
accomplished by first creating a DOS partition (32:MB limit), then
selecting extended DOS for the remaining cylinders on the drive.
When logical partitions are assigned. DOS 3.3 will create 32MB
partitions labeled D, E, F, etc. until the maximum number of cylinders
indicated as extended DOS are reached.
45
Section F
This ection will cover system errors and possible solutions.
Hard File Adaptor Errors:
1700
Hard ftle/adaptortesf-passed-(no-errofr
1701
Drive not ready (also a post error)
Non fatal drive/adaptor test failed (also a post error)
Check that drive has power and that spindle motor is spinning.
If motor is not spinning, check that 12 vdc comes up within
one second. Some large Switching power supplies require
more time to charge the large capacitors which may cause
system to time out.
1702
Hard file/adaptor error
out - is drive powered up and spinning?
Are cables correct?
Tim~
1703
Hard flle/drive error
Seek failed - is drive low level formatted?
ECC error - probably controller related
1704
Check drive select
Hard file or adaptor error
Controller failed
1705
No recm:d found
1706
Write fault
'Are two heads selected?
Are voltages ok?
See product manual for what causes write fault
1707
Track 0 error
Is drive formatted?
1708
Bad select error
Is drive formatted?
1709
BadECC
Check controller
1710
Read buffer override
Check controller and interleave
46
Section F continued
1711
Hard file bad address mark
Check controller and drive low level format
1712
Bad address mark
Check controller
1714
Drive select
Check jumpers 7 cables
1726
Data Compare Error
Check for added hard error
Check format
1770
Surface errors
Check for added hard error
1780
Check Data Cable
Set-up error drive 0 failure
drive 0 failure '.'
1781
Drive 1 failure.
(fatal-drive· may still be ok)
1782
Controller failure
1790
Drive # 0 Error
1799
·Undefined
''1'rack zero bad-disk unuasable"
Check format. spare hard errors if the drive is more than 16 mega
bytes formated.
Check for bug in DOS 2.0 & 2.1.
Neither the drive nor controller is defective.
Indicated by drive failure due to hard error beyond 16 mega bytes.
47
Section F continued
xx: Expansion Unit Error 8 IPL Initial Program Load:
-1400---
Graphic Printer
0154
Detects absence of 10MB drive C
Error Reading Track 0:
Not formatted.
Read Error:
Check ground. controller or disc.
Format taking too long to format:
'Indicated data cable may be connected wrong. (drive C goes to
controller J 4 connector)
Also check interleave for a value of 3 or 4 (AT).
Only change to an interleave IR 4 if 3 causes format to be too slow. It
is not possible to use faster (2 or 1).
mega! Drive Specified:
Indicates that the primary format or "FDISK" was not performed
correctly. Recheck your parameter values and redo the format.
48
· Section G
!fhis ···section we will cover controller error ~odes.--This--is-an-error.­
code table used by both Adaptec and Western Digital.
Code
Error
01
02
Bad Command passed to Disk I/O
Address mark not found
Requested Sector not found
Reset Failed
Drive Parameter Activity Failed
Attempt. to DMA across 64k Boundary
Access to Bad Sector
Bad Track Flag Detected
Bad ECC on Disk Read
ECC Corrected Data Error
Controller Timeout
Seek Operation Failed
Attachment Failed to Respond
Undefined Error Occurred
Sense Operation Failed
04
05
07
09
OA
OB
01
11
20
40
80
138
FF
49