Tableau T35i SATA/IDE Bridge

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Volume
FORENSIC COMPUTERS
Tableau T35i SATA/IDE Bridge
USER GUIDE
FORENSIC C OMPUTERS RESEARC H AND D EVELOPMENT
Forensic Write Protection Guide
 2007 Forensic Computers, Inc.
110 Forensic Lane, Glen Lyn, VA 24093
Phone 540.726.9530 • Fax 540.726.9530
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Tableau Product Images and Technical Data courtesy of Tableau, LLC
© 2003-2007 Tableau, LLC
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Table of Contents
C H A P T E R
1
Tableau T35i SATA/IDE Bridge
4
Tableau IDE Ribbon Cable
4
8” Red SATA Flat Cable
4
Female to Female Molex® Power Cables (6” or 12”) 4
SATA 15-pin to Female Molex® Power Cable
4
Tableau 1.8 IDE Notebook Adapter
4
Tableau 2.5 IDE Notebook Adapter
5
C H A P T E R
2
TABLEAU T35I SATA/IDE BRIDGE
INTRODUCTION
BRIDGE OVERVIEW
CONFIGURATION SWITCHES
NOTES
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7
7
10
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1
Chapter
Tableau T35i SATA/IDE Bridge
T
he T35i is designed to mount directly in a forensic workstation. Internally the T35i connects
to the workstation through a high-performance FireWire800 connection. Externally, the
T35i can be connected to SATA or IDE hard disks one at a time for write-blocked forensic
acquistions.
Contents
In the T35i SATA/IDE bridge there are three categories of items that make up the system: the T35i
SATA/IDE bridge, the cables and the adapters.
3
Tableau T35i SATA/IDE Bridge
The T335 is designed to be mounted in a 5.25" half-height drive bay on the
front of a forensic workstation or tower. The T335 is specifically designed to
work in conjunction with SATA and IDE removable drive trays, which
should be mounted in close proximity to the T335 in the host computer.
(PN: T335)
Tableau IDE Ribbon Cable
The TC6-8 IDE ribbon cable is a high-quality, 80-conductor IDE cable with
standard high-density 40-pin IDE connectors at each end. There are pull tabs
at each end to make the cable more rugged. (PN: TC6-8)
8” Red SATA Flat Cable
The eight inch SATA cable is a standard SATA signal cable for use with the
Tableau T3u SATA Bridge or the T35e SATA/IDE Bridge. (PN: TC3-8)
Female to Female Molex® Power Cables (6” or 12”)
The TC2-8 or female to female Molex® power cable is designed to conduct
power from a Tableau T3u, T35e, T4, or T5 forensic bridge to a subject hard
drive. (PN: TC2-8)
SATA 15-pin to Female Molex® Power Cable
The TC5-8 or SATA 15-pin to female Molex® cable is an eight inch power cable with a
4-pin female Molex® connector on one end (white) and a 15-pin SATA style
power connector at the other end (black). The TC5-8 is intended to conduct
power from a Tableau T3u or a Tableau T35e to a subject SATA hard drive.
(PN: TC5-8)
Tableau 1.8 IDE Notebook Adapter
The Tableau 1.8 IDE Hard Disk adapter allows the user to connect to a 1.8 IDE
Notebook hard drive to a 40-pin IDE cable. The Tableau 1.8 IDE Hard Disk
adapter also has a 50-pin male laptop drive connector and a 4-pin standard Molex®
power connection. (PN: TDA5-18)
4
Tableau 2.5 IDE Notebook Adapter
The Tableau 2.5 IDE Hard Disk adapter allows the user to connect to a 2.5
IDE Notebook hard drive to a 40-pin IDE cable. The Tableau 2.5 IDE Hard
Disk adapter also has a 44-pin female laptop drive connector and a 4-pin
standard Molex® power connection. (PN: TDA5-25)
5
2
Chapter
Tableau T35i SATA/IDE Bridge
T
ableau's newest OEM product, the T35i, continues Tableau's heritage of industry leading
innovation. The T35i offers an economical, high-performance alternative to the T345 for
forensics professionals whose acquisition needs focus on IDE and SATA subject drives.
The T35i is designed to mount directly in a forensic workstation. Internally the T35i connects to the
workstation through a high-performance FireWire800 connection. Externally, the T35i can be
connected to SATA or IDE hard disks (one at a time) for write-blocked forensic acquisitions.
The T35i bundle price includes the T35i and one each of the following: TC2-8 (traditional power
cable), TC5-8 (SATA style power cable), TC3-8 (SATA signal cable), TC6-8 (IDE signal cable),
TDA5-25 and TDA5-18 (2.5" and 1.8" IDE notebook hard disk adapters, respectively).
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INTRODUCTION
This document provides technical information for the Tableau T35i combination Forensic
SATA/IDE Bridge.
The T35i combines two separate forensic bridges (IDE, and SATA) into one convenient package
while providing native support for each hard disk technology. The T35i is designed to be installed
permanently in the front of a forensic workstation or tower which has an open 5.25" half-height
drive bay.
The T35i connects to the host computer through a FireWire800 (1394B) interface. Using FireWire
as the interface to the host computer allows modern operating systems to recognize that the drives
themselves are hot-swappable. This, in turn, eliminates the need to turn the host computer ON and
OFF each time a new hard disk is attached or removed; only the T35i needs to be power cycled.
The combination of hot-swapping and the READ-ONLY forensic mode of operation make the
T35i ideally suited for use in high-volume forensic applications.
BRIDGE OVERVIEW
The picture below is a close-up front view of the T35i.
The Table below describes each of the elements visible on the front of the T35i.
Front Element
Power Switch/LED
Description
The Power switch controls power to the T35i as well as to the DC OUT
connector used for powering the connected hard disk.
The Power LED will be illuminated when there is power to the T35i and
the power switch is in the "ON" position.
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SATA Det LED
The SATA Det LED (SATA Detect) illuminates when a hard disk attached
to the SATA interface connector has been properly recognized. Only one
hard disk may be connected to the T35i at a time.
IDE Det LED
The IDE Det LED (IDE Detect) illuminates when a hard disk attached to
the IDE interface connector has been properly recognized. Only one hard
disk may be connected to the T35i at a time.
Host Det LED
The Host Det LED (Host Detect) indicates when the connected hard disk
has been recognized by the host computer. The Host Detect LED will
illuminate only after the T35i has successfully identified a hard disk
connected to the front of the T35i and after the host computer has "logged
in" to the coresponding T35i channel using the FireWire/1394 SBP-2
protocol.
Wrt Blk LED
The Wrt Blk LED (Write Block) is illuminated whenever the Tableau bridge
is in READ-ONLY mode. This LED provides a positive indication that the
bridge may be used to capture a forensically sound image from a subject
hard disk.
Activity LED
The Activity LED indicates that the host is performing some kind of I/O
to the connected hard disk.
DC OUT Connector The DC Out connector may be used to provide power from the Tableau
bridge to the subject hard disk. The DC Out output is controlled by the
power switch. So, using the DC Out connector guarantees that the drive
will be powered ON/OFF simultaneously with the T35i bridge.
Disk interface
The disk interface connectors attach the subject hard disk to the T35i.
Connectors (SATA and Tableau recommends the following cables:
IDE)
Interface Cable
SATA
TC3-8
IDE
TC6-8 or TC6-2
The next image is a rear view of the T35i. Captions identify each internal T35i connector and the
location of the configuration switches.
8
The following table describes each of the elements shown in the above picture.
Internal Element
1394B (FireWire 800)
DIP Switch Bank
Power
Description
The T35i must be connected to the host computer via a
FireWire800/1394B connection. This is the interface through which each of
the T35i's two I/O channels will communicate with the host computer. It is
acceptable to use FireWire400/1394A instead (with an appropriate cable
adapter), but performance will be reduced.
The T35i has one DIP switch bank with four switches. The next section in
this document, Configuration Switches, describes the function of these
switches in detail.
Power should be provided to the T35i through the standard 4-pin "Molex"style power connector shown in the picture. The T35i requires
approximately 450mA @ +5VDC for its internal operation. This figure
does not include the power requirements of the hard disk connected to the
DC OUT connector on the T35i.
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IMPORTANT: Tableau strongly recommends that the T35i be on a
dedicated power supply lead. Switching the T35i on/off can lead to
large current/voltage surges which can interrupt the operation of
other devices which share a power supply connection with the T35i.
CONFIGURATION SWITCHES
The following table summarizes the function of the four position DIP switch.
Operation
Switch
Switch OFF
Switch ON
1
Bridge operates in forced READ-ONLY
Bridge operates in READ-WRITE mode.
mode and may be used to capture
forensically sound images from subject hard
disks.
2
Bridge reports errors if host computer
Bridge does not report write errors when in
attempts to write when bridge is in READ- READ-ONLY mode. (The bridge discards
ONLY mode.
write data without returning an error.)
3
Bridge reports that it is WRITEBridge does not report that it is WRITEPROTECTED to the host computer when PROTECTED when in READ-ONLY
in READ-ONLY mode.
mode.
4
This switch is RESERVED as must remain in the OFF position for correct operation.
The following table summarizes the recommended Tableau bridge configuration depending on the
operating system you are using. These recommendations apply only when using the Tableau bridge
in READ-ONLY mode to capture forensic images from subject hard drives (i.e., when the Write
Block LED is illuminated).
O/S
Windows XP
Windows 2000
SW2-1
OFF
ON
SW2-2 Comments
OFF In most situations, Windows XP handles READ-ONLY
bridges correctly and will work optimally when leaving
switches 2 and 3 in the OFF (default) state.
ON
However, Tableau has seen cases where Windows XP will
not allow a user to access a READ-ONLY partition. If you
encounter a situation in which Windows XP reports that a
volume is "write protected" and will not allow you to
access the partition, then try the switch setting
recommended for Windows 2000, below.
Windows 2000 does not mount NTFS volumes correctly
when the bridge declares that it is READ-ONLY. These
settings make Windows 2000 believe the bridge is in
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Windows
ME/98se
Other
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
READ-WRITE mode (even though it is not), and
Windows 2000 will successfully mount NTFS volumes.
Windows ME/98se may not recognize that a bridge is
READ-ONLY and may attempt to write to the bridge
anyway. If this happens, Windows ME/98se will generate a
"blue screen" error. The recommended settings to the left
eliminate the "blue screen" error.
NOTE: Some forensic users prefer to see the Windows
"blue screen" error if a write is attempted. Users with this
preferences should use the recommended settings for
Windows XP instead.
Most other modern operating systems handle READONLY forensic bridges correctly, so the default OFF
settings are best for users of these operating systems.
IMPORTANT: As long as the Write Block LED is illuminated, the Tableau bridge will never permit
writes or other modifications to the subject hard disk. Switches 2 and 3 only affect the way the
bridge appears to behave from the perspective of the host computer.
NOTE: Switches 2 and 3 are ignored when the Tableau bridge is in READ-WRITE mode (i.e.,
when the Write Block LED is off).
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Glossary
A
ATA – AT Attachment is a standard interface for connecting storage devices such as hard disks and
CD-ROM drives inside of personal computers.
B
C
D
DIN- the abbreviated name of the German Institute for Standardization (Deutches
Institut fur Normung) and is used in the names of its standards. There are a variety
of DIN connectors in existence today. The one mentioned in this text is a 5-pin
DIN connector.
DIP – as in DIP Switch, is an electric switch that is packaged in a group of standard dual in-line
package and is designed to be used on a printed circuit board along with other electronic
components and is commonly used to customize the behavior of an electronic device for specific
situations.
E
F
FireWire Symbols -
a.
b.
The above symbols represent the IEEE1394 standard. These symbols will help you identify
products that are compatible with computers and cameras that use this standard. The
FireWire symbol on the left (a) is a trademark of the Apple Corporation. The i. Link symbol on the
right (b) is a trademark of Sony Corporation.
G
H
Hot swapping or hot plugging is the ability to remove and replace components of a machine, usually
a computer, while it is operating.
I
IDE – Integrated Drive Electronics, a synonym for an ATA storage device.
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iPOD – a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Computer.
J
K
L
M
Molex® - A type of power connection used the computer industry, which has a
plastic end attached to four wires: one yellow (12V), one red (5V) and two black
(ground). There are female and male Molex® connectors.
N
O
P
Q
R
S
SATA – is a traditional dish from the Malaysian state of Terenngganu, consisting of spiced fish meat
wrapped in banana leaves and cooked on a grill.
NO REALLY -Serial ATA, a computer bus technology primarily designed for the transfer of data
from a hard disk.
SCSI – Small Computer System Interface is a standard interface and command set for transferring
data between devices on both internal and external computer buses. (pronounced skuzzy)
T
U
USB – Universal Serial Bus is a serial bus standard to interface devices. It was designed for
computers such as PCs and the Apple Macintosh, but its popularity has prompted it to also become
commonplace on video game consoles, PDAs, cell phones and even devices such as televisions and
home stereo equipment (mp3 players) and portable memory devices.
V
W
X
Y
Z
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NOTES
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