Epson | DFX-5000+ | User`s manual | Epson DFX-5000+ User`s manual

User’s Manual
EPSON
Y47599108002
®
EPSON
DFX-5000
User’s Manual
FCC COMPLIANCE STATEMENT
FOR AMERICAN USERS
This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not installed and used
properly, that is, in strict accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, may cause
interference to radio and television reception. It has been type tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B computing device in accordance with the specifications in
Subpart J of Part 15 of FCC rules, which are designed to provide reasonable protection
against such interference in a residential installation. If this equipment does cause
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
-Reorient the receiving antenna
-Relocate the printer with respect to the receiver
-Plug the printer into a different outlet so that the printer and receiver are on different
branch circuits.
If necessary, the user should consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television
technician for additional suggestions. The user may find the following booklet prepared by
the Federal Communications Commission helpful:
“Television Interference Handbook”
This booklet is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Stock No. 004-000-00450-7.
WARNING
The connection of a non-shielded printer interface cable to this printer will invalidate the
FCC Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which exceed the limits
established by the FCC for this printer. If this printer has more that one interface connector,
do not leave cables connected to unused interfaces.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying, recording
or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Seiko Epson Corporation. No patent
liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained herein. While every
precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, Seiko Epson Corporation
assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions. Neither is any liability assumed for
damages resulting from the use of the information contained herein,
Seiko Epson Corporation and its affiliates specifically disclaim any and all liability for any
damages or claims based upon or due to the use or combination of any Epson printer with
any hardware, software or other items not supplied by Seiko Epson Corporation or its
affiliates or approved by Seiko Epson Corporation or its affiliates for use with Epson
printers.
Centronics is a registered trademark of Centronics Data Computer Corporation.
Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
Copyright © 1988 by Seiko Epson Corporation
Nagano, Japan
ii
Table of Contents
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions Used in This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Where to Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
3
4
4
Setting Up the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpacking the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A Look at Your Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assembling the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Testing the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . .
Setting Up Your Application Software . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-2
1-4
1-6
1-10
1-15
1-24
1-32
Loading and Using Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Two-Tractor System . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading Paper onto the Front Tractor . . . . . . . .
Loading Paper onto the Rear Tractor . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the Top of Form Position . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the Printing Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Automatic Tear-Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Switching Between Front and Rear Tractors . ...
Changing the Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing on Special Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-9
2-17
2-19
2-20
2-24
2-26
2-30
Using the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Your Printer With Application Programs . ..
3-1
3-2
3-8
3-20
Getting the Most from Your Printer . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enhancing Your Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending Commands to the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1
4-2
4-8
iii
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer ..............
Cleaning the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Transporting the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1
5-2
5-3
5-8
Using the Printer Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
Using the Pull Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Using Interface Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Data Dump Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Command
Summary.....................................................
Using the Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commands in Numerical Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Commands Arranged by Topic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1
8-2
8-5
8-8
Appendix A Reference Tables .................................. A - 1
Proportional Width Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A - 2
Character Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A - 6
Appendix B Technical Specifications .........................
Printer Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interface Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
B-1
B-2
B-7
B-13
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GL-1
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..Index-1
iv
Introduction
The Epson® DFX-5000 printer is an advanced dot matrix printer
designed for business applications. The printer combines high
performance and reliability with a wide range of features
including high-speed printing and automatic paper handling.
Here are some of the features that make the DFX-5000 unique:
Extra-fast printing speeds of up to 533 characters per second in
draft mode.
Two built-in push tractors (front and rear) for convenient
paper handling. This dual system lets you switch between
types of continuous paper quickly and easily. The printer
remembers separate top of form positions for each tractor.
A front tractor that combines bottom feeding with easy front
access.
Automatic thickness adjustment for various paper types,
including multi-part forms and labels.
An improved control panel design that lets you select almost
any feature with a single button.
An automatic paper handling system that lets you control all
operations from the control panel. For example, you can
switch between paper loaded on the front and rear tractors
with the push of a button. Another button feeds the paper
forward so you can tear it off, and then reverses it to the top of
the page so it is ready to print.
Compatibility with the EPSON ESC/P commands used by
Epson FX printers.
Options
The following options are available for use with your DFX printer.
For detailed information on the installation and use of these
options, see Chapter 6.
Pull tractor
This option improves the handling of heavy multi-part forms and
labels. It also enhances printing alignment on preprinted forms.
Optional interface boards
A number of optional interface boards can be used to supplement
the DFX-5000’s built-in parallel and serial interfaces. Guidelines
for choosing the right interface and instructions for installing an
interface board are given in Chapter 6.
Coax and Twinax interface boards
Two other interface boards on the market (Coax and Twinax) let
you use the DFX-5000 as a local printer for your IBM@ mainframe
or minicomputer. These boards connect directly to the printer and
allow it to function as a local IBM printer without the addition of
any other circuitry or components.
Printer stand
The DFX-5000’s printer stand conveniently holds both front and
rear paper supplies as well as stacks of printed output. The stand
is on casters so you can move the printer easily.
2
Introduction
About This Manual
This user’s manual provides step-by-step instructions for setting
up and operating the DFX-5000 printer. It also includes
information that you will need for your daily use of the printer.
Chapter 1 shows you how to unpack, set up, and connect the
printer. Be sure to read and follow the instructions in this chapter
first.
Chapters 2 and 3 give you important information on loading
paper and using the printer. This information is necessary for the
day-to-day operation of your printer.
Chapter 7 contains troubleshooting information, including a list of
possible problems and recommended solutions.
Other chapters include information on enhancing your printing,
maintaining the printer, using printer options, and a summary of
software commands. The appendixes include reference tables and
technical specifications.
At the back of the manual you’ll find a glossary, an index, and a
Quick Reference card listing software commands and DIP switch
settings. Inside the back cover of this manual are illustrations of
the printer with all of the major parts identified. You can unfold
the cover and refer to the illustrations when you are setting up
and operating the printer.
Introduction 3
Conventions Used in This Manual
WARNINGS must be followed carefully to avoid
damage to your printer and equipment.
Cautions must be followed to ensure that your printer
operates correctly.
Notes contain important information and useful tips on the
operation of your printer.
Where to Get Help
Customer support and service for Epson products is provided by
a network of authorized Epson dealers and service centers
throughout the United States. Epson America provides product
information and toll-free support to our dealers and service
centers.
Therefore, we ask that you contact the business where you
purchased your Epson product to request assistance. If they do
not have the answer to your question, they can obtain it through
our toll-free dealer support program.
We are confident that this policy will provide you with the
assistance you need. If you need to find an Epson dealer or service
center in your area, please contact our Consumer Information
Center at (800) 421-5426.
Chapter 1
Setting Up the Printer
Unpacking the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Checking the parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Removing the protective materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Choosing a Place for the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4
A Look at Your Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printer parts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control panel indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control panel buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6
1-7
1-8
1-9
Assembling the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Installing the ribbon cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-10
Attaching the power cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Testing the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plugging in the printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading paper for the self test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Running the self test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-15
1-15
1-16
1-22
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-24
Connecting the parallel interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-25
Connecting the serial interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-28
Setting Up Your Application Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-32
Unpacking the Printer
Because the printer weighs approximately 65 pounds, you should
not lift or carry it by yourself. Two people should carry it by the
bottom.
Checking the parts
Check to see that you have the parts shown below and that
nothing has been damaged during transportation.
cross-head
screwdriver
connector lock nuts
ribbon cartridge
power cable
After you unpack the printer, store the packaging materials in
case you ever need to transport the printer.
1-2
Setting Up the Printer
Removing the protective materials
The printer is protected during shipping by several pieces of foam
packaging, two brackets, and a carriage support bar. These
protective items must be removed before you turn on the printer.
After removing the protective materials as described below, store
them with the other packaging material.
1. Open the printer’s top cover and remove the foam packaging
material.
2. Using the cross-head screwdriver, remove the carriage support
bar and slide the print head to the middle of the printer.
Setting Up the Printer
1-3
3. Use the cross-head screwdriver to remove the two screws and
the two locking brackets from the inside of the printer.
WARNING: Be sure to remove all protective materials
before you turn on the printer.
Choosing a Place for the Printer
When you select a location for your printer, keep the following in
mind:
l
l
l
l
1-4
Place the printer on a flat, stable surface.
Place the printer close enough to the computer for its cable to
reach.
Leave plenty of room around the printer for your front and
rear stacks of continuous paper as well as your printed output.
Use a grounded outlet; do not use an adapter plug.
Setting Up the Printer
The illustration below shows a good printer location.
An optional printer stand designed for the DFX-5000 is also
available. See your Epson dealer for details.
Setting Up the Printer
1-5
WARNING:
l
l
l
l
Avoid locations that are subject to direct sunlight,
excessive heat, moisture, or dust.
Avoid using electrical outlets that are controlled by
wall switches or automatic timers. Accidental
disruption of power can wipe out information in
both your computer’s memory and your printer’s
memory.
Avoid using outlets on the same circuit with large
motors or other appliances that might disturb the
power supply.
Keep the entire computer system away from
potential sources of interference, such as
loudspeakers or the base units of cordless
telephones.
A Look at Your Printer
Now that you’ve unpacked the DFX-5000, you may want to use
the following information for reference as you assemble and test
the printer. This section includes an illustration that shows you
the printer’s various parts. It also gives you a close-up look at the
control panel and indicator lights. See Chapters 2 and 3 for more
detailed information on operating your printer.
1-6
Setting Up the Printer
The printer parts
The following illustration gives you a detailed view of the
printer and the names of the important parts. You can refer to
this illustration when you set up and operate the printer. This
illustration is also on the inside back cover of this manual.
tear-off edge
paper separator cover
aper separator
back flap
serial interface
interface cover
w
paper platen
mask
Setting Up the Printer
1-7
Control panel indicator lights
The indicator lights on the control panel let you check the current
status of the printer. Below is an illustration of the control panel
lights and a description of their functions. These functions are
described more fully in Chapters 2 and 3.
POWER
On when the POWER switch is on and power is
supplied to the printer.
READY
On when the printer is on line and ready to
accept input data. This light flickers during
printing.
PAPER OUT
On when the printer is out of paper.
ON LINE
On when the printer can receive and print data
from the computer.
TEAR OFF
On when the printer is in tear-off mode.
TOP OF FORM
On when the printer is in top of form mode.
PAPERSELECT
Front tractor arrow: Green when the front
tractor is selected and paper is loaded. Red
when the front tractor is out of paper.
Rear tractor arrow: Green when the rear tractor
is selected and paper is loaded. Red when the
rear tractor is out of paper.
1-8
Setting Up the Printer
Control panel buttons
The buttons on the control panel let you control most of the
printer’s operations, Below is an illustration of the control panel
buttons and a description of their functions. These functions are
described more fully in Chapters 2 and 3.
ON LINE
Controls the printer’s on line/off line status.
FORM FEED
Advances paper to the top of the next page
when the printer is off line.
LINE FEED/LOAD
Advances paper one line when the printer is off
line. (Feeds paper continuously if the button is
held down.) This button can also be used to load
paper when the printer is on line. See Chapter 2
for details.
TEAR OFF
Advances paper to its tear-off position and then
feeds the paper back to the top of form position.
MICRO FEED
Advances or reverses paper in 1/216-inch
increments when the printer is off line. These
buttons are used to adjust the top of form and
tear-off positions.
TOP OF FORM
Enters and exits the top of form mode when the
printer is off line.
FRONT/REAR
Selects the front or rear tractor.
Setting Up the Printer
1-9
Assembling the Printer
Since the printer comes almost completely assembled from the
factory, all you need to do is install the ribbon cartridge and
attach the power cord.
Installing the ribbon cartridge
Before installing the ribbon cartridge, make sure the printer is
turned off. Remove the ribbon cartridge from its box and plastic
wrapper and then follow these steps to install the ribbon
cartridge:
1. Open the top cover by lifting its front edge up and away
from you.
WARNING: Never move the print head while the
printer is turned on because this can damage the
printer. Also, if you have been using the printer, the
print head may be hot; let it cool for a few minutes
before touching it.
1-10
Setting Up the Printer
2. Slide the print head to the middle of the printer.
3. Remove the plastic separator from the middle of the ribbon
cartridge. (You will not need the separator again and can
discard it.) Next, detach the ribbon guide from the cartridge
and turn the ribbon-tightening knob in the direction of the
arrow to take up any slack in the ribbon.
4. Hold the ribbon cartridge with both hands and lower it into the
printer as shown below. Pulling the cartridge toward you,
slide the hooks nearest you over the corresponding two pins in
the printer. Then push the cartridge down into position until
the other two hooks snap into place over the mounting pins in
the printer.
5. Press lightly on both sides of the cartridge to make sure the
hooks are properly inserted.
1-12
Setting Up the Printer
6. Insert the ribbon guide over the metal pins on each side of the
print head as shown below. The smaller end of the guide
should be on top, with its angled edge toward the platen. Turn
the ribbon-tightening knob again to remove any slack in the
ribbon.
7. Slide the print head from side to side to see that it moves
smoothly and that the ribbon is not twisted or creased.
8. Close the printer’s top cover.
Attaching the power cable
Follow these steps to attach the power cable:
1. Check the label on the printer’s rear panel to see if the voltage
required by the printer matches that of your electrical outlet. If
it does not match, contact your Epson dealer without
connecting the power cable.
1-14
Setting Up the Printer
2. Plug the power cable into the AC inlet on the printer’s rear
panel.
Note: If you move to another country, you may need to change
the voltage of the printer. See your dealer for information.
Testing the Printer
Now that your printer is fully assembled, you can use your
printer’s built-in test function to be sure the printer is working
correctly before you connect it to a computer.
Before performing the test, you need to plug in your printer and
load paper.
Plugging in the printer
Follow these steps to plug in the printer:
1. Make sure the printer is turned off. (The zero (0) on the power
switch should be visible.)
2. Plug the power cable into a properly grounded electrical outlet.
Setting Up the Printer 1-15
WARNING: Whenever you turn off the power, wait at
least five seconds before turning it back on. Rapid
switching on and off can damage the printer.
Loading paper for the self test
Next, you need to load continuous paper that is at least 15 inches
wide. To load paper, follow these steps:
I.
77
WARNING: Use paper that is at least 15 inches wide for
the self test to keep the print head from printing directly
onto the platen.
1. Open the printer’s front cover by lifting its bottom edge up and
toward you, as shown below.
2. Release the sprocket lock levers on both the right and left
sprocket units by pulling each lever down.
3. Slide the left sprocket unit all the way to the left. Lock it into
place by pushing the sprocket lock lever up.
4. Now slide the right sprocket unit to approximately match the
width of your paper. (Do not lock it in place yet.)
5. Slide the two paper supports so that they are spaced evenly
between the sprocket units.
1-18
Setting Up the Printer
6. Open both sprocket covers.
7. Be sure your paper has a clean, straight edge, and then fit the
first five holes in the paper over the pins of the sprocket units
as shown below. The side of the paper that you want to print
on should be facing you. Now close the sprocket covers.
Setting Up the Printer
1-19
8. Slide the right sprocket unit so that the paper is straight and has
no wrinkles. Lock the sprocket unit in place by pushing the
sprocket lock lever up.
9. Close the printer’s front cover.
WARNING: Before turning on the printer, be absolutely
sure you have removed all protective materials. Turning
on the printer while the print head cannot move may
seriously damage the mechanism.
10. Turn on the printer. The print head moves to the middle of the
printer and the POWER and PAPER OUT lights come on. Also,
either the front or rear tractor arrow on the PAPER SELECT
indicator lights up.
c
:
:
:
:.
:.
:
7
11. Press the LINE FEED/LOAD button to load your paper. (If the
paper does not load, the front tractor may not be selected.
Press the FRONT/REAR button to select the front tractor. This
loads the paper automatically.)
12. After the paper loads, turn off the printer.
Setting Up the Printer
1-21
Running the self test
The self test prints out the settings of the printer’s DIP switches
and the characters in the printer’s memory. The test can be run in
either draft,, high-speed draft, or near letter quality (NLQ) mode.
Your printer’s default setting is high-speed draft mode. To run the
self test in high-speed draft mode, follow these steps:
Caution: Always use paper that is at least 15 inches wide
when running the printer’s self test.
1. While holding down the LINE FEED button, turn on the printer.
After printing starts, release the button.
A list of your printer’s settings is printed first, followed by a
series of characters. Here is part of a typical self test printout
in high-speed draft.
2. The self test continues until the paper runs out or until you
press the ON LINE button. If the test results are satisfactory and
you wish to stop the test, press the ON LINE button to take the
printer off line, and then turn off the printer.
1-22
Setting Up the Printer
If you want to run the self test in NLQ mode, follow Steps 1 and 2
above using the FORM FEED button instead of the LINE FEED button.
Here is part of a self test printout run in NLQ mode:
U.S.A.
Country
Page length (inch) 11
SWlsw2sw2sw2sw2-
-./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOF
&‘()*+,~./0123456789:;<=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQ
‘()a+,--./0123456789:; <=>?@ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQR
To run the self test in the normal draft mode, you need to first
select normal draft mode by changing your printer’s DIP switch
settings. This procedure is described in the section on setting DIP
switches in Chapter 3. Once the printer is set for the normal draft
mode rather than high-speed draft, you can run the self test by
following the same procedure as for high-speed draft. Here is part
of a self test printout run in normal draft mode:
Setting Up the Printer
1-23
Connecting the Printer to Your Computer
If the self test printed correctly, you are now ready to connect the
printer to your computer.
Your printer has two separate interface connections: a
Centronics®-compatible parallel interface and an RS-232C
compatible serial interface. If you are not sure which one is
required by your computer, check your computer manual.
parallel interface
If you have a suitable shielded cable, you should be able to
connect the printer immediately. If you have one of the few
computers that requires a different type of interface, you should
be able to use one of the optional interfaces described in Chapter 6.
The parallel interface is the printer’s default setting. If you need to
use the built-in serial interface, be sure to change the DIP switch
settings as shown in Chapter 3.
WARNING: Never plug more than one interface cable
into the printer at one time. This may damage the printer.
Connecting the parallel interface
Follow these steps to connect your computer’s parallel interface
cable to the printer:
1. Turn off both your printer and computer.
2. Open the printer’s interface cover by grasping it by the
handholds on each side.
3. Plug the cable connector securely into the parallel interface (the
socket on the left).
4. Squeeze the wire clips together until they lock in place on either
side of the connector. If your cable has a ground wire, connect
it to the printer’s ground connector.
1-26
Setting Up the Printer
5. Open the plastic clamp to the right of the parallel and serial
interfaces by pressing on its top tab. Insert the cable in the
plastic clamp and close the clamp, as shown below.
6. Close the interface cover.
Caution: Always close the interface cover before using the
printer.
Setting Up the Printer
1-27
7. Plug the other end of the cable into the computer. (If there is a
ground wire at the computer end of the cable, attach it to the
ground connector at the back of the computer.)
Connecting the serial interface
Before using the printer’s serial interface, you need to select serial
communication by changing the printer’s DIP switch settings. You
may also need to change two other serial interface settings, baud
rate and parity, before your printer and computer can
communicate properly. See the section on setting DIP switches in
Chapter 3 for more information.
The following steps show you how to connect your computer’s
serial interface cable to the printer. If the connector on your cable
has screws that need to be tightened with a screwdriver, you may
need both a cross-head screwdriver and a flat-blade screwdriver
to connect the cable.
1. Turn off both the printer and computer.
2. Open the printer’s interface cover by grasping it by the
handholds on each side.
1-28
Setting Up the Printer
3. Plug the cable connector securely into the serial interface (the
socket on the right). If your cable has a ground wire, connect it
to the printer’s ground connector.
4. If your cable connector has screws that you have to tighten using a
screwdriver, you may need to open the top cover of the printer guide
for easier access.
Setting Up the Printer
1-29
5.
Insert a screwdriver through the two holes and fasten the screws of
the cable connector.
Note: The screws on the serial interface cable connector must
fit into connector lock nuts on the printer. If the screws on your
serial interface cable do not fit, remove the connector lock nuts
on the printer and replace them with the optional ones
supplied with the printer.
6. Confirm that the connector is secure
1-30
Setting Up the Printer
7. Open the plastic clamp on the right by pressing on its top tab.
Insert the cable in the plastic clamp, as shown below.
8. Close the interface cover.
Caution: Always close the interface cover before using the
printer.
9. Plug the other end of the cable into your computer. (If there is a
ground wire at the computer end of the cable, attach it to the
ground connector at the back of the computer.)
Setting Up the Printer
1-31
Setting Up Your Application Software
Now that you have set up and tested the DFX-5000, you can start
using it with your application software programs.
Most software programs let you specify the type of printer you
are using so that the program can take full advantage of the
printer’s features. If your application program has an installation
or setup procedure that lets you select your printer from a list of
printers, choose the Epson DFX-5000 printer. If the list does not
include the DFX-5000, choose one of the following printers, listed
in order of preference:
FX-850/1050
FX-86e/286e
FX-85/185
FX-80/100
EX-800/1000
FX
LX
Epson printer
9-pin printer
Standard printer
Draft printer
Note: To use all the features of the DFX-5000, it is best to use a
program with the DFX-5000 on its menu. If your software
program does not list the DFX-5000, contact the software
manufacturer to see if an update is available.
Chapter 2
Loading and Using Paper
Using the Two-Tractor System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Positioning the paper supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Loading Paper onto the Front Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Loading Paper onto the Rear Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Adjusting the Top of Form Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Adjusting the Printing Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-19
Using Automatic Tear-Off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
Switching Between Front and Rear Tractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-24
Changing the Paper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-26
Printing on Special Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Using multi-part forms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-30
Using labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-31
Using the Two-Tractor System
The DFX-5000’s paper handling system consists of a front push
tractor and a rear push tractor. Both tractors are easy to load and
operate, and both accommodate a wide variety of paper types,
including labels and multi-part forms. The printer automatically
adjusts to the thickness of your loaded paper, so you don’t need to
make any manual adjustments for paper thickness settings.
You can use any width continuous paper, from 4 to 16 inches
wide. However, the width of your printed text must be narrower
than the size of the paper you are using-otherwise, you might
damage the printer by printing on the platen.
If you are going to use more than two types of paper, it’s best to
load the paper you use most often onto the rear tractor. That way
you can reserve the front tractor, which is easier to reach, for the
paper you change more frequently. Always use the front tractor
for printing on labels.
Positioning the paper supply
Since the DFX-5000 can be loaded with continuous paper from
both the front and the rear, be sure to leave enough room around
the printer for the two stacks of fresh paper as well a third stack of
printed output. It is also important to keep both stacks of fresh
paper aligned with the printer so that the paper can feed smoothly
into the printer.
2-2
Loading and Using Paper
The following illustration shows three ways to position your
printer and paper: with the front tractor loaded, with the rear
tractor loaded, and with both tractors loaded.
Note: Make sure that your stack of printed pages does not
interfere with the rear tractor’s paper supply.
Loading Paper onto the Front Tractor
The following steps show you how to load paper onto the front
tractor.
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Open the printer’s front cover by lifting its bottom edge up
and toward you, as shown below.
3. Release the sprocket lock levers on both the right and left
sprocket units by pulling each lever down.
4. Slide the left sprocket unit all the way to the left. Lock it in
place by pushing the sprocket release lever up.
2-4
Loading and Using Paper
5. Now slide the right sprocket unit to approximately match the
width of your paper. (Do not lock it in place yet.)
6. Slide the two paper supports so that they are spaced evenly
between the two sprocket units.
Loading and Using Paper
2-5
7. Open both sprocket covers.
8. Fit the first five holes in the paper over the pins of the sprocket
units as shown below. (The side of the paper that you want to
print on should be facing you, and the paper should have a
clean, straight edge.) Now close the sprocket covers.
2-6
Loading and Using Paper
9. Slide the right sprocket unit so that the paper is straight and has
no wrinkles. Lock the sprocket unit in place by pushing the
sprocket release lever up.
10. Close the printer’s front cover. The paper is now loaded to the
standby position.
Loading and Using Paper
2-7
11. Turn on the printer. The print head moves to the middle of the
printer and the POWER and PAPER OUT lights go on. Also,
either the front or rear tractor arrow on the PAPER SELECT
indicator lights up, depending on which tractor was selected
when the printer was turned off last.
12. Check the PAPER SELECT indicator to see which tractor is
selected:
l
2-8
If the front tractor indicator arrow is lit up, press the
LINE FEED/LOAD button to load the paper.
Loading and Using Paper
l
If the rear tractor indicator arrow is lit up, make sure the
printer is off line and then press the FRONT/REAR button to
switch to the front tractor. When the printer switches
tractors, it also loads the paper automatically.
13. Press the ON LINE button to put the printer on line so it is ready
to print. The paper is now loaded to the top of form position.
If it looks like the printing will start too high or low on the
page, see page 2-17 for instructions on adjusting the top of
form position.
Loading Paper onto the Rear Tractor
The following steps show you how to load paper onto the rear
tractor. You do not need to remove the paper from the front
tractor first because the printer does this for you when you select
the rear tractor.
1. Turn off the printer.
Loading and Using Paper
2-9
2. Open the printer’s top cover by lifting its front edge up and
away from you, as shown below.
3. The top cover has two flaps that can be opened independently.
One flap is on the top part of the cover and the other, shown
below, is on the back side. Open the back flap.
2-10
Loading and Using Paper
4. Release the sprocket lock levers on the rear tractor’s right and
left sprocket units by pushing each lever back-
place
6. Now slide the right sprocket unit to approximately match the
width of your paper. (Do not lock it in place yet.)
7. Slide the two paper supports so they are spaced evenly between
the two sprocket units.
2-12
Loading and Using Paper
8. Open both sprocket covers.
9. With the side of the paper you want to print on facing down,
insert your paper through the opening at the rear. You may
find it easier to load the paper by standing to the side of the
printer. That way you can feed the paper into the rear opening
with one hand and pull it through with the other.
Note: Make sure your paper has a clean, straight edge.
Loading and Using Paper
2-13
10. Fit the first five holes in the paper over the pins of the sprocket
units as shown below. Now close the sprocket covers.
11. Slide the right sprocket unit to a position so that the paper is
straight and has no wrinkles. Lock the sprocket unit in place
by pulling the sprocket lock lever forward.
2-14
Loading and Using Paper
12. Close the top cover and the back flap. The paper is now loaded
to the standby position.
13. Turn on the printer. The print head moves to the middle of the
printer and the POWER and PAPER OUT lights go on. Also,
either the front or rear tractor arrow on the PAPER SELECT
indicator lights up, depending on which tractor was selected
when the printer was turned off last.
_._
Loading and Using Paper
2-15
14. Check the PAPER SELECT indicator to see which tractor is
selected:
l
l
If the rear tractor arrow is lit up, press the LINE FEED/LOAD
button to load the paper.
If the front tractor arrow is lit up, make sure the printer is
off line and then press the FRONT/REAR button to switch to
the rear tractor. When the printer switches tractors, it also
loads the paper automatically.
15. Press the ON LINE button to put the printer on line so it is ready
to print. The paper is now loaded to the top of form position.
If it looks like the printing will start too high or low on the
page, see the next section for instructions on adjusting the top
of form position.
2-16
Loading and Using Paper
Adjusting the Top of Form Position
The top of form position is the position the printer feeds the paper
to when it loads the paper or performs a form feed. This position
is important because it determines where the printing begins on
each page.
If the printing is too high or low on the page, you can reset the top
of form position by following the steps outlined below. The
printer remembers the new top of form position even after the
printer is turned off, reset, or initialized. (The printer remembers
separate top of form positions for the front and rear tractors.)
You can temporarily change the top of form position by adjusting
the position when you are not in the top of form mode or by
changing the printing position in the middle of a page (see the
next section). The printer remembers the temporary top of form
position until the next time you load paper or switch tractors.
The following steps show you how to reset the top of form
position. Before you start, make sure the printer is turned on and
the desired tractor is selected (the corresponding tractor arrow
should be lit up).
WARNING: To adjust the top of form position when
labels are loaded in the printer, use the forward-feeding
(top) MICRO FEED button only. Labels must never be fed
backward through the printer.
1. Make sure the printer is off line.
2. Press the TOP OF FORM button to enter the top of form mode.
The printer beeps once, and the TOP OF FORM light starts
flashing. Also, the printer advances the paper so that the top of
form position is lined up with the red line on the clear
plastic ribbon mask.
Loading and Using Paper
2-17
3. The red line on the ribbon mask shows you where the
bottom edge of your first line of text will print. This position is
based on the first printable line of text. If your software inserts
a top margin of five lines, your text will actually print five
lines below the top of form position. Use the MICRO FEED
buttons to feed the paper to the desired top of form position.
.-__---~----_---___--__---~- - - 0
0i
Note: The red line on the ribbon mask can be used as a
reference only when you are in the top of form mode. At all
other times your top of form position is hidden behind the
print ribbon.
4. Press the TOP OF FORM button again to exit the top of form
mode and save your new top of form position. (If you want
to exit the top of form mode without saving your new top of
form setting, press the ON LINE button instead of the
TOP OF FORM button.)
2-18
Loading and Using Paper
5. Press the ON LINE button to put the printer on line. The printer
remembers your new top of form position even after the
printer is turned off, reset, or initialized.
Adjusting the Printing Position
For some of your printing, such as preprinted forms and labels,
the alignment of your text is critical-not just at the top of form
position, but in the middle of the page as well. Rather than
calculate where your text will fall based on the top of form
position, there’s an easier way to position your printing.
When you move the printing position, you temporarily change the
top of form position by the same amount. For example, if you
adjust the printing in the middle of a page so that it falls a
half-inch lower, the next page will begin printing a half-inch
lower as well. The printer remembers this temporary top of form
position until the next time you load paper or switch tractors.
Follow these steps to adjust your printing position:
1. Start printing your document. When you get to the text that
needs to be aligned at a particular spot on the page, press the
ON LINE button to stop printing.
Note: You may find it easier to stop your document at the right
spot if you use a slower printing speed. See the section in
Chapter 3 on selecting the NLQ mode with DIP switches.
2. The printing position is normally hidden behind the ribbon. To
see the position better, press the TOP OF FORM button. This
advances the paper slightly so that the printing position lines
up with the red line on the clear plastic ribbon mask.
Loading and Using Paper
2-19
3. Use the MICRO FEED buttons to position your paper to where
you want the bottom edge of your next line of text to fall. If
you are printing on labels, use only the forward-feeding (top)
MICRO FEED button.
4. When you are finished, press the ON LINE button to exit the top
of form mode. (Do not press the TOP OF FORM button to exit
the top of form mode. If you do, the printer remembers your
new printing position as the new top of form position instead.)
Using Automatic Tear-Off
The TEAR OFF button lets you feed the perforation of your paper to
the printer’s tear-off edge when you are finished printing. This
makes it easier to tear off the last printed sheet and saves paper
normally lost between documents.
If you need to adjust the position of the perforation so that it
meets the printer’s tear-off edge, you can reset the tear-off
position by entering the tear-off mode and using micro-feed. The
printer remembers this new tear-off position and uses it as a
reference point for feeding the paper. (The printer remembers
separate tear-off positions for the front and rear tractors.)
The following steps show you how to use the automatic tear-off
feature. Before you start, make sure that the printer is turned on
and the desired tractor is selected.
WARNING: Never use the TEAR OFF button with labels.
If labels are fed backward, they may jam the printer.
2-20
Loading and Using Paper
1. If the printer is on line, press the ON LINE button to take it off
line. Now open the paper separator cover (the flap on the top
part of the printer’s top cover). This exposes the printer’s
tear-off edge.
2. Press the TEAR OFF button to enter the tear-off mode. The
TEAR OFF light goes on and the printer feeds the paper’s
perforation to the printer’s tear-off edge.
Loading and Using Paper
2-21
3. If you need to adjust the position of the perforation so that it
meets the printer’s tear-off edge, press the MICRO FEED buttons
to feed the paper forward or backward in 1/216th-inch
increments. (You can also hold down either MICRO FEED button
to feed the paper continuously.)
Note: You can reset the tear-off position only when you are in
the tear-off mode (after you have pressed the TEAR OFF button
once and the TEAR OFF light is on). The printer remembers the
new tear-off position even after the printer is turned off, reset,
or initialized.
2-22
Loading and Using Paper
4. Tear off the page using the tear-off edge on the printer’s top
cover.
5. Press the TEAR OFF button to feed the paper back to the top of
form position, and then press the ON LINE button to put the
printer on line so it is ready to print. (Or instead, press the
ON LINE button to feed the paper back and put your printer
on line at the same time.)
WARNING: Always tear off the printed document
before you feed the paper back to the top of form
position. Never feed paper backward more than one
page.
Loading and Using Paper
2-23
Switching Between Front and Rear Tractors
You can easily switch between paper loaded on the front tractor
and paper loaded on the rear tractor. The following steps describe
the procedure for switching from the front tractor to the rear
tractor, but you can follow the same steps to switch from the rear
tractor to the front tractor. (To switch tractors when the optional
pull tractor is installed, see Chapter 6.)
WARNING: Never switch between tractors when labels
are already loaded in the printer. Instead, completely
remove the labels first by tearing off the fresh supply
below the tractor and pressing FORM FEED or LINE FEED
to eject the remaining labels.
Before you start, make sure the printer is turned on and that the
front tractor is selected (the front tractor arrow on the PAPER
SELECT indicator should be lit up). If you are in the middle of
printing a document, wait for the printer to finish printing before
you switch tractors. Then follow these steps:
1. If there is no paper loaded in the rear tractor, load paper to the
standby position (the first five pins of the sprocket units), as
described in Steps 1 through 13 on page 2-9.
2-24
Loading and Using Paper
2. If you have a printed document still in the printer, or excess
paper that has been fed through the printer, use the automatic
tear-off feature described in the previous section to tear off the
document or excess paper.
WARNING: Always tear off the printed document and
any excess paper that has been fed through the printer
before switching tractors. Never feed more than one
page backward through the printer.
3. If the printer is on line, press the ON LINE button to take it off
line.
Loading and Using Paper
2-25
4. Press the FRONT/REAR button to switch to the rear tractor. The
front-loaded paper automatically feeds back to the standby
position and the rear-loaded paper is advanced to the top of
form position.
5. Press the ON LINE button to put the printer back on line so it is
ready to print.
Changing the Paper
The following steps describe the procedure for changing paper on
the front tractor, but you can follow the same steps when you
change the paper on the rear tractor.
Before you start, make sure the printer is turned on and the front
tractor is selected. (If you are changing the paper on the rear
tractor, the rear tractor should be selected instead.)
2-26
Loading and Using Paper
1
Q
l
WARNING: Never change paper using the following
procedure if labels are already loaded in the printer.
Instead, completely remove the labels first by tearing
off the fresh supply below the tractor and pressing
FORM FEED or LINE FEED to eject the remaining labels.
Then load the new paper as described earlier in this
chapter in the sections on loading paper.
1. If you have a printed document still in the printer, use the
automatic tear-off feature described on page 2-20 to tear off the
document or excess paper.
1
Q
l
WARNING: Always tear off printed documents before
changing the paper. Never feed more than one page
backward through the printer.
2. If the printer is on line, press the ON LINE button to take it off
line.
Loading and Using Paper
2-27
3. Press the FRONT/REAR button to switch to the rear tractor.
The front-loaded paper automatically feeds back to the
standby position.
4. Open the printer’s front cover. (To change the rear-loaded paper,
open the printer’s top cover and the back flap.)
2-28
Loading and Using Paper
5. Open the sprocket covers and remove the paper from the
tractor.
6. Load the new paper as described in Steps 1 through 13 on page
2-3 (or for rear-loaded paper, Steps 1 through 15 on page 2-9).
Loading and Using Paper
2-29
Printing on Special Paper
The DFX-5000 can print on various types of paper, including
multi-part forms and labels. It can also handle a variety of paper
thicknesses, from thin paper to six-part forms. The printer
automatically adjusts to the thickness of your paper.
When you print on multi-part forms and labels, the positioning of
your text on the page can be critical. For more information on
aligning your text, see the sections on adjusting top of form and
printing positions earlier in this chapter. You should also check
both your printer and your software page length settings before
you load labels or forms. See the section on setting page length in
Chapter 3.
If you are using labels or preprinted or multi-part forms, you may
want to use the optional pull tractor. See Chapter 6.
WARNING: When printing on multi-part forms or
labels, be absolutely sure that your printing stays within
the printable area of the paper to prevent damage to the
print head. For more information on the printable area,
see Appendix B.
Using multi-part forms
You can use multi-part forms with up to four sheets, including the
original, on the rear tractor. On the front tractor, you can use
forms with up to six sheets.
You load continuous multi-part forms the same way you load any
other type of continuous paper. Before loading multi-part forms,
however, make sure the paper has a clean straight edge and does
not separate or tear apart. See the sections on loading paper
earlier in this chapter.
2-30
Loading and Using Paper
Using labels
When using labels in the DFX-5000, always choose the type
mounted on continuous paper with sprocket holes for use with a
tractor. Labels should be used in the front tractor only. You load
labels the same way that you load continuous paper. See the
section on loading paper onto the front tractor earlier in this
chapter.
WARNING: Never use the TEAR OFF, FRONT/REAR, or
reverse-feeding (bottom) MICRO FEED button when labels
are loaded in the printer. Labels must never be fed
backward through the printer because they can easily
come off the backing and jam the printer.
Although you must never feed labels backward through the
printer, you can still use the DFX-5000’s automatic paper handling
features if you follow these precautions:
Instead of using the TEAR OFF button to remove printed labels,
take the printer off line and press the FORM FEED or LINE FEED
button until the last printed label is at the point where you can
tear it off easily.
Before using the FRONT/REAR button to switch tractors or
change paper, remove the entire supply of labels first. Always
remove labels by tearing off the fresh supply at a perforation
below the tractor and then pressing the FORM FEED or LINE FEED
button to eject the remaining labels.
When adjusting the top of form or printing position, use only
the forward-feeding (top) MICRO FEED button.
1
Q
a
WARNING: Because labels are especially sensitive to
extreme temperatures and humidity, always use them
under normal operating conditions.
Loading and Using Paper
2-31
Chapter 3
Using the Printer
Operating the Control Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Control panel indicator lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Control panel buttons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
Other control panel features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-7
Using DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing DIP switch settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIP switch tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DIP switch functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Condensed mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Slashed zero . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Character table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Input buffer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Near letter quality or draft mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International character sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Page length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printing speed in draft mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Skip over perforation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auto line feed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interface type and parity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Baud rate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8
3-8
3-10
3-12
3-12
3-13
3-13
3-15
3-15
3-16
3-17
3-17
3-18
3-18
3-19
3-19
Using Your Printer With Application Programs . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A quick test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using word processors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using spreadsheets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-20
3-20
3-21
3-21
Using the Printer 3-1
Operating the Control Panel
The DFX-5000’s control panel gives you access to several powerful
features. The control panel buttons let you control paper loading,
printing and tear-off positions, and more. The control panel lights
give you status information such as which mode you are in, which
tractor is loaded with paper, and which tractor is ready to print.
The following sections describe the functions of the control
panel’s lights and buttons.
Control panel indicator lights
The indicator lights on the control panel let you check the current
status of the printer. Below is an illustration of the control panel
lights and a description of their functions.
-..-.
IzaPCIWFRII
cm
II
II
-READY
II B
11 MICRO 11 cma
TOP OF
FORM
-PAPER
OUT
F R O N T / R E A R
aREnD”
=PAPER
OUT
The POWER light comes on when the power switch is on
and power is supplied to the printer.
,om=POREWEADYR
I
The READY light comes on when the printer is on line
and ready to receive data from your computer. This light
flickers during printing.
I ’
-PAPER
OUT
3-2
Using the Printer
11
The PAPER OUT light comes on when the printer is out of
paper. This light goes on whenever there is no paper
positioned behind the print head, even if there is paper
loaded on the tractors in the standby position.
The ON LINE light comes on when the printer is on line
and ready to receive and print data from your computer.
‘aTEAROFF
I
The TEAR OFF light comes on when the printer is in the
tear-off mode. The printer remembers any change you
make to the tear-off position when this light is on.
The TOP OF FORM light comes on when the printer is in
the top of form mode. The printer remembers any
change you make to the top of form position when this
light is on.
The front tractor arrow comes on when the front
tractor is selected. The light is green when paper is
loaded, even if the paper is in the standby
position, and red when the tractor is completely
out of paper.
The rear tractor arrow comes on when the rear
tractor is selected. The light is green when paper is
loaded, even if the paper is in the standby
position, and red when the tractor is out of paper.
Using the Printer
3-3
Control panel buttons
The control panel buttons let you perform printer operations
quickly and easily. Most buttons work only when the printer is
off line. The exceptions to this are the ON LINE button and the
LINE FEED/LOAD button.
oPOWER
TN LINE FORM FEED UNE FEED li%l OFF
-READY
~
0 PAPER
OUT
MICRO
: ‘ii”
LJ
v
r - l
E)
TOP OF
FORM
PAPER SELECT
FRONT/REAR
The ON LINE button controls the printer’s on line status.
Press this button to put the printer on line or take it off
line. When the printer is on line, the ON LINE light is on
and the printer can receive and print data from the
computer.
When you are in the top of form mode, you can press the
ON LINE button to exit the mode without setting a new
top of form position. You can also press the ON LINE
button to exit the tear-off mode. See Chapter 2 for more
information on adjusting the top of form position and
using automatic tear-off.
The FORM FEED button lets you advance the paper to the
top of the next page. To use this feature, press the button
when the printer is off line. To adjust the position that
the paper is fed to, see the section on adjusting the top of
form position in Chapter 2.
This button can also be used to run the printer’s self test.
See the section on running the self test in Chapter 1.
3-4
Using the Printer
The LINE FEED/LOAD button lets you advance or load
paper when the printer is off line. To feed your paper
one line, press this button once. Hold the button down
to feed paper continuously.
To load paper, there must be paper loaded in the
standby position in the selected tractor. See the sections
on loading paper in Chapter 2 for more information.
The TEAR OFF button feeds the paper to the printer’s
tear-off edge so you can tear off your document without
losing the paper normally lost between printing jobs. To
use this feature, take the printer off line after your
document has finished printing and press the TEAR OFF
button. The printer feeds the paper to the printer’s
tear-off edge. After tearing off the document, press the
TEAR OFF or ON LINE button to feed the paper back to the
top of form position.
If the perforation of your paper does not align exactly
with the printer’s tear-off edge, you can use the MICRO
FEED buttons to adjust the tear-off position. See the
section on using automatic tear-off in Chapter 2.
WARNING: Never use the TEAR OFF button with labels.
Use the FORM FEED or LINE FEED button instead to feed
the printed labels to a point where they can be torn off.
The two MICRO FEED buttons advance or reverse the
loaded paper in 1/216th-inch increments when the
printer is off line. You can use these buttons to adjust
the top of form, tear-off, and printing positions.
To reset the top of form position, take the printer off line
and press the TOP OF FORM button to enter the top of
form mode. Then use the MICRO FEED buttons to move
Using the Printer
3-5
the paper to the desired position. See the section on
adjusting the top of form position in Chapter 2.
To reset the tear-off position, take the printer off line and
press the TEAR OFF button to enter the tear-off mode and
feed the paper to the tear-off position. Then use the
MICRO FEED buttons to move the paper to the desired
position. See the section on using automatic tear-off in
Chapter 2.
To adjust the printing position, take the printer off line
and press either MICRO FEED button to advance or
reverse the paper to the desired position. See the section
on adjusting the printing position in Chapter 2.
WARNING: When using labels, only feed the paper
forward with the top MICRO FEED button. Labels must
never be fed backward through the printer.
The TOP OF FORM button lets you enter and exit the top
of form mode when the printer is off line so you can
adjust the top of form position. The top of form position
determines where the printing begins on each page.
If your printing is too high or low on the page, you can
reset the top of form position by entering the top of form
mode and using micro-feed to adjust the position. The
printer remembers this new top of form position even
after it is turned off, reset, or initialized. Also, the printer
remembers separate top of form positions for the front
and rear tractors.
If you enter the top of form mode by mistake, you can
exit the mode without setting a new position by pressing
the ON LINE button. See the section on adjusting the top
of form position in Chapter 2.
3-6
Using the Printer
The FRONT/REAR button lets you select the front or
rear tractor when the printer is off line. If you have
been using paper loaded on one tractor, first
remove the printed output before switching the
tractor. When you switch between tractors, the
paper already loaded in the printer is fed
backward to the standby position, and the paper
on the newly selected tractor is loaded.
WARNING: Never use the FRONT/REAR button when
labels are loaded in the printer. Also, be sure you remove
any printed documents before switching tractors. Never
feed more than one page backward through the printer.
Other control panel features
The control panel also gives you access to several special
functions.
Self
test
By holding down the LINE FEED or FORM FEED button
while you turn on the printer, you can start the printer’s
self test. The self test prints the current DIP switch
settings and the characters in the printer’s ROM (Read
Only Memory). See the section on running the self test in
Chapter 1 for more information.
Data
dump
By holding down both the FORM FEED and LINE FEED
buttons while you turn on the printer, you can turn on
the data dump mode. This feature prints the codes that
are sent to the printer so that advanced users can find
the cause of communication problems between the
computer and printer. See the section on the data dump
mode in Chapter 7 for more information.
Using the Printer
3-7
Using DIP Switches
The DFX-5000 has two sets of DIP switches. DIP switches control a
variety of printer functions such as page length and printing
speed. DIP switch settings are shown in the DIP switch tables
starting on page 3-10 and in the Quick Reference card at the back
of this manual. Descriptions of all the DIP switch functions are
provided in the section on DIP switch functions on page 3-12.
Because the factory (default) settings are designed to
accommodate the needs of most users, you shouldn’t need to
change DIP switch settings very often. If you do need to set a DIP
switch, use the following steps-being sure to turn off the printer
before you start and turn it on again when you are done.
Changing DIP switch settings
To change a DIP switch setting, follow these steps:
1. Turn off the printer.
2. Open the printer’s front cover.
3. The DIP switches are located in a small compartment on the
front paper guide, behind the front tractor paper. If there is
paper loaded on the front tractor, either remove it or lift it up
out of the way so you can reach the DIP switches.
3-8
Using the Printer
4. Open the DIP switch cover.
5. Use a pointed instrument, such as the tip of a pen or pencil, to
turn the switch either on or off. A DIP switch is on when it is
up, and off when it is down.
Note: Always make sure that the printer is turned off before
changing the DIP switch settings.
Using the Printer
3-9
6. Close the DIP switch cover and replace the paper.
7. Turn on the printer to initialize the new settings. When you
change a DIP switch setting, the new settings take effect only
after you turn on or reset the printer.
DIP switch tables
The following tables show the settings for each DIP switch. The
shaded boxes show the default or factory settings. See the page
numbers listed on the right for more information about each
feature.
DIP Switch 1
International character set
DIP Switch 2
1 S w i t c h 1 Descript
. ion
See table below
1
1 OFF
11 inches
High
OFF
OFF
2-1
2-2
Page length
Draft printing speed
ON
12 inches
Normal
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-6
Skip over perforation
Auto line feed
ON
ON
Interface type/parity
See table below
3-19
See table below
3-19
2-7
2-8
3-10
Baud rate
Using the Printer
Page
I 3-17
3-17
3-18
3-18
International character set
Interface/Parity selection
Interface type
Parity
Parallel
Serial
Serial
Serial
Odd
Even
None
Switch 2-5
O
ON
ON
F
F
Switch 2-6
O F
ON
OFF
ON
F
Baud rate selection
Using the Printer
3-11
DIP switch functions
The different features you can control with the printer’s DIP
switches are described below.
Condensed mode
When DIP switch 1-1 is on, your documents are printed in
condensed mode. Condensed mode reduces the size of your
text characters to approximately 60% their normal width. This
means you can get more characters on a line, which is useful for
spreadsheets and other applications where you need to print the
maximum amount of information on a page.
The printout below compares normal 10 cpi (characters per inch)
printing with 10 cpi condensed printing.
This is 10 cpi printing.
This is condensed 10 cpi printing.
Note: The default pitch on the DFX-5000 is 10 cpi; however,
two other pitches, 12 cpi and proportional spacing, can be
selected with software. Both 10 and 12 cpi can be condensed,
but proportional printing cannot. See Chapter 4 for more
information on enhancing your printing with software
commands.
3-12
Using the Printer
Slashed zero
When DIP switch 1-2 is on, the printer prints slashed zeros (Ø).
When the DIP switch is off, the printer prints open zeros (0). This
feature is useful for clearly distinguishing between uppercase O
and zero when printing documents such as program lists.
Character table
When DIP switch 1-3 is on, the Epson Extended Graphics
character table is selected. When it is off, the italics character table
is selected. The Epson Extended Graphics character table contains
international accented characters, Greek characters, and graphics
characters for printing lines, corners, and shaded areas.
Since these character tables affect only half of the character set,
you can still print text if you select the Epson Extended Graphics
table. Also, with the proper software commands you can print
italics or graphics characters no matter which character table you
select.
Although most software programs work better with the graphics
table, some programs require the italics table. Try switching tables
if you are having trouble printing lines and other graphic
characters, or if italics don’t print on your printer. Keep in mind,
however, that your software may not have the capability to select
graphics or italics. See Chapter 4 for information on enhancing
your printing using software commands. Also see Appendix A for
the complete character tables.
Note: You may need to send the ESC 6 printer command to
print some of the Extended Graphics characters. See the
Command Summary in Chapter 8.
Using the Printer
3-13
The Epson Extended Graphics character table and the italics
character table are shown below.
Epson Extended Graphics character table
3-14
Using the Printer
Italics character table
Input buffer
The printer’s input buffer provides additional memory to free up
the computer while you print large amounts of text or graphics.
The input buffer is enabled when DIP switch 1-4 is off. To disable
the buffer, turn DIP switch 1-4 on.
Near letter quality or draft mode
When DIP switch 1-5 is on, the DFX-5000 prints in near letter
quality (NLQ) mode. When the DIP switch is off, it prints in draft
mode.
NLQ mode produces high quality text characters at a slower
printing speed. The DFX-5000 offers two fonts in NLQ mode,
Roman and Sans Serif. Roman is the default font in NLQ mode,
Using the Printer
3-15
but you can select NLQ Sans Serif with the software command
ESC k. See the Command Summary in Chapter 8.
Draft mode produces lower-resolution characters at a fast printing
speed. The DFX-5000 has two printing speeds for draft mode,
draft and high-speed draft. These printing speeds are controlled
by DIP switch 2-2 (see the next page). When you select draft
mode, the printer checks DIP switch 2-2 to see which printing
speed to use.
International character sets
International character sets contain the characters and symbols
used in other languages. To select the desired international
character set, set switches 1-6,1-7, and 1-8 according to the DIP
switch table on page 3-11. The character set you select then
becomes the default character set. The following table shows the
characters that differ in each international character set.
Infernational character sets
3-16
Using the Printer
In addition to the eight character sets you can select with DIP
switches, you can select the five character sets shown below using
the ESC R software command. See the Command Summary in
Chapter 8 for more information.
ASCII code (hex)
Country
23 24 40 5B 5C 5D 5E 60 7B 7C 7D 7E
8 Japan
9 Norway
#s@cVl*‘~:1”
10 Denmark II
##&A0&u&~0au
#$&EBAu&a0a~
11 Spain II
#$~;~~&‘i~~ti
12 Latin America
#Ba;aL
&UiFtdti
Page length
When DIP switch 2-1 is on, the page length is set to 12 inches.
When the DIP switch is off, the page length is 11 inches. Page
lengths other than 11 or 12 inches can be set with the ESC C and
ESC CO commands. See the Command Summary in Chapter 8.
Printing speed in draft mode
When DIP switch 2-2 is off, high-speed draft is selected. When the
DIP switch is on, normal draft is selected. This setting only affects
the printer if DIP switch 1-5 is set for draft mode (see page 3-15)
or if draft is selected through your software. If NLQ is selected,
the printer ignores the printing speed selected for draft mode,
since a slower printing speed is required to print the
higher-resolution characters.
High-speed draft prints at 533 characters per second but produces
characters that are not as fully formed as the ones produced with
normal draft. If you select a feature such as emphasized,
double-strike, or italics in high-speed draft mode, the printing
speed will temporarily switch to normal draft speed until the
enhancement is turned off. This allows you to use any print
enhancement without cancelling high-speed draft.
Using the Printer 3-17
The following printout compares the two printing speeds.
High-speed draft
Normal draft
We’ve just
miniature zebras
Trader's Times.
quantities over
seen your excellent ad for
in a recent back issue of
What is the price schedule for
one gross?
Skip over perforation
When DIP switch 2-3 is on, the printer inserts a one-inch margin
between the last line printed on one page and the first line printed
on the next page. By adjusting your top of form position, you can
get half the margin at the bottom of one page and half at the top of
the next page. See the section on adjusting the top of form position
in Chapter 2. Since most application programs do insert their own
top and bottom margins, you should use this feature only if your
program does not provide them.
Auto line feed
When DIP switch 2-4 is on, the printer adds a line feed (LF)
command to every carriage return (CR) code sent by the
application program software. When the switch is off, line feeds
occur only when the software sends line feed commands to the
printer. Since most computers and application programs
automatically add line feeds to carriage returns, you should use
this feature only if your text is printing all on one line.
Note: If you select auto line feed but your text stiIl prints on
one line, you need to disable the AUTO FEED XT signal. See
your Epson dealer for assistance.
3-18
Using the Printer
Interface type and parity
If your computer is set up for serial communication, you need to
change DIP switches 2-5 and 2-6 so that your printer and
computer can communicate properly. These two DIP switches
control the interface type and parity. (You may also need to select
a different baud rate. See the following section on baud rate.)
The table below shows the DIP switch settings for a parallel
interface, and for a serial interface with odd, even, or no parity. If
you don’t know what type of interface your computer requires,
check your computer manual. Also check your computer manual
to make sure your computer and printer have the same parity
setting.
DIP switch settings for interface and parity
Interface type
Parity
Switch 2-5
Switch 2-6
Parallel
Serial
Serial
Serial
Odd
Even
None
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
Baud rate
Besides selecting serial interface and parity, if your computer is
set up for serial communications you may also need to change the
baud rate setting. Baud rate is the rate at which the printer
receives data from the computer.
The table below shows the DIP switch settings for the printer’s
four baud rate settings. Check your computer manual or
application program for the correct baud rate setting. Your
computer and printer should always be set to the same baud rate.
DIP switch settings for baud rate
Using the Printer
3-19
Using Your Printer With Application Programs
Now that you’ve set up and tested the printer, you can start using
it with your application programs.
Most application programs let you specify the type of printer
you’re using so that the program can take full advantage of the
printer’s features. Many programs provide an installation or setup
procedure that presents a list of printers to choose from.
If your application program has a printer selection menu, simply
choose the DFX-5000 from its list of printers. If the DFX-5000 is
not on the menu, choose one of the following, listed in order of
preference.
FX-850/1050
FX-86e/286e
FX-85/185
FX-80/100
EX-800/1000
FX
LX
Epson printer
9-pin printer
Standard printer
Draft printer
Note: If your application program does not list the DFX-5000,
you may want to contact the software manufacturer to see if an
update is available.
A quick test
After setting up your application program, print a sample
document to make sure the program and the DFX-5000 are
communicating properly. If the document doesn’t print correctly,
recheck the program’s printer selection and installation
3-20
Using the Printer
procedure. If you’re still having trouble printing, see Chapter 7 for
troubleshooting information.
Using word processors
Word processors usually let you use a fixed set of printer features
by placing markers around the text to be altered. When the
document is printed, the markers are recognized and translated
into suitable commands for your printer. Some programs show
the markers on the screen, while others display the text as it will
look when it prints (for example, in bold or italics).
Some word processing programs also let you insert printer
commands in your document. These commands may or may not
be visible on the screen. This method has the advantage of
allowing you to use any DFX-5000 printer feature, not just the
features available with your word processing program.
To use printer commands, first check your word processor
manual to see if the software allows you to insert printer
commands in your document. Then see the section on sending
commands to the printer in Chapter 4. Also see the Command
Summary in Chapter 8 for a list of the commands available on the
DFX-5000.
Using spreadsheets
Although spreadsheets seldom use as many printing styles as
word processors, they do have some very specific requirements.
If your spreadsheet program provides a list of printers, use the list
on the last page to find the proper selection. If your spreadsheet
doesn’t have a printer setup routine, read the program’s manual
carefully for information on printing.
A major concern when printing spreadsheets is the number of
columns, or characters, that can fit on a line. In its normal printing
pitch of 10 characters per inch (cpi), the DFX-5000 can print up to
136 characters in a line. You can increase the number of characters
Using the Printer
3-21
by about 65% if you select condensed printing with a DIP switch.
You can also select 12 cpi, condensed mode, or both with a
software command.
The table below shows you the number of characters that can fit
on a line using these available options. If your spreadsheet asks
the number of columns your printer can print, decide which
option you want to use and supply the appropriate number from
this table.
Typestyle
_ Normal
12 cpi
Condensed
12 cpi condensed
I
Number of columns
136
163
1 233
1 272
I
Unlike word processors, spreadsheet programs usually don’t let
you change printer commands within a spreadsheet. Instead, you
select one style or mode of printing for the entire spreadsheet.
To choose the condensed mode for the entire spreadsheet, it may
be easiest to simply set DIP switch l-l for condensed mode. See
the section earlier in this chapter on using DIP switches.
To use the DFX-5000’s printer commands, first look in the manual
for your spreadsheet program to find out how to send printer
commands. Then see the section on sending commands to the
printer in Chapter 4. Also see the Command Summary in Chapter
8 for a list of the commands available on the DFX-5000.
3-22
Using the Printer
Chapter 4
Getting the Most from Your Printer
Enhancing Your Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Print quality and fonts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Character pitch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Character size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emphasized and double-strike printing . . .
Italic printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Underlining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Superscripts and subscripts . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2
4-2
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-7
4-7
Sending Commands to the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ASCII codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Escape sequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printercommands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Sending commands from your software program
Selecting typestyles with Master Select . . . . . . . . .
4-8
4-8
4-9
4-9
4-10
4-10
4-11
Getting the Most from Your Printer
4-1
Enhancing Your Printing
Your printer’s DIP switches control the printing style of a whole
document. Software commands, on the other hand, let you change
anything from a single character to the entire document. By using
software commands, you can obtain many different printing
effects with the DFX-5000 printer, from arranging the text on the
page to giving extra emphasis to particular words and phrases.
You can obtain many of the effects described in this section with
your application program, but not all. For example, many word
processing programs let you choose bold or underlined text, but
do not have an option for printing double-wide text. And while
some programs let you print an entire document in a typestyle
such as italics or NLQ, many don’t let you select a particular
typestyle for just one word or phrase. If your software program
lets you insert printer commands in your document, you can be
much more versatile in your printing.
Once you have read about some of the special features the
DFX-5000 offers, you may want to check your software manual to
see how you can use a particular feature. If your software lets you
send printer commands, you can look up the command for the
feature in the Command Summary in Chapter 8. To understand
more about how your software communicates with your printer
and how to send commands, see the section in this chapter on
sending commands to the printer.
Print quality and fonts
The DFX-5000 has three levels of print quality: high-speed draft,
normal draft, and NLQ (near letter quality). High-speed draft is
ideal for rough drafts and large documents or reports that you
need to print quickly. Normal draft is a bit slower, but offers
higher resolution characters. Finally, NLQ takes a little longer, but
produces darker, more fully formed characters suitable for
presentation-quality documents.
4-2
Getting the Most from Your Printer
For NLQ printing, the DFX-5000 offers two fonts, Roman and Sans
Serif. NLQ Roman is automatically selected when you select the
NLQ mode with a DIP switch or with the software command
ESC x 1. To select NLQ Sans Serif, you must use the software
command ESC k.
The following printout compares high-speed draft, draft, NLQ
Roman, and NLQ Sans Serif. See pages 3-15 and 3-17 for more
information on selecting NLQ and the two draft modes with DIP
switches.
High-speed draft
Normal draft
We’ve just seen your excellent ad for
miniature zebras in a recent back issue of
Trader’s Timer;. What is the price schedule for
quantities over one gross?
NLQ Roman
We’ve just seen your excellent ad for
miniature zebras in a r e c e n t b a c k i s s u e o f
er's Times. What is the price schedule for
quantities over one gross?
NLQ Sans Serif
Note: High-speed draft is available only with 10 cpi printing
(the printer’s default pitch). Also, the only print enhancement
that can be combined with high-speed draft is underlining. If
other enhancements or character sizes are selected, the printer
switches to normal draft speed. High-speed draft resumes
again after the feature is turned off.
Character pitch
Your printer’s default character pitch is 10 characters per inch
(cpi). However, you can select 12 cpi or proportional spacing
through your software or by sending printer commands.
In 10 and 12 cpi, each character gets an equal amount of space. In
proportional mode, however, spacing varies from character to
character. A narrow letter like the lowercase i receives less space
than the uppercase W. The width assigned to each character in
proportional spacing is shown in the proportional width table in
Appendix A.
The following printout compares the different types of spacing.
10 cpi
This is 10 CPI printing.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
12 cpi
This is 12 CPI printing.
ARCDEPGHIJKLWOpBRSTUVWYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Proportional spacing
This is proportional printing.
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWKYZ
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
4-4
Getting the Most from Your Printer
Note: High-speed draft is available only in 10 cpi. If you
select 12 cpi or proportional, the print speed temporarily
switches to normal draft speed until 12 cpi or proportional is
turned off.
Character size
Condensed and double-wide printing are two ways to change the
width of printed characters. Condensed printing reduces the
width of your characters by approximately 60%. This means
you can get more characters (about 65% more) on a line, which is
useful for printing spreadsheets. Double-wide printing, on the
other hand, doubles the width of each character. This effect is
useful for printing headings and other text that you want to
stand out.
Although condensed printing can be selected for entire documents
with a DIP switch (see page 3-12), you can use condensed printing
for only a portion of your document by using software
commands. Double-wide printing can only be selected through
your software or by using software commands.
Widening or narrowing the characters also widens or narrows the
spaces between words and letters. Because word processors
usually create a left margin by printing spaces, you may need to
change the number of characters on a line to keep the margins
correct if you change widths. For example, a left margin of 10
characters at 10 cpi is the same as a five-space margin using
double-wide characters.
Here is an example of condensed and double-wide printing:
This is 10 cpi printing.
Condensed 10 cpi gives you more characters on a line.
Condensed 12 pitch gives you even more.
T h i s
i s
d o u b l e - w i d e
-
Getting the Most from Your Printer
4-5
Note: High-speed draft will temporarily switch to normal draft
speed if condensed or double-wide printing is selected.
Emphasized and double-strike printing
Emphasized and double-strike printing give your documents
added emphasis. If your word processing program lets you print
bold, it probably uses the DFX-5000’s emphasized or double-strike
command.
In emphasized mode, the DFX-5000 prints each character twice as
the print head moves across the paper. The second character is
printed slightly to the right of the first to produce darker, more
fully formed characters. In double-strike mode, the printer prints
each character twice, the second time slightly below the first, to
make the text bolder. For even greater boldness, you can combine
emphasized and double-strike.
Here is an example of emphasized and double-strike printing:
This is normal draft printing.
This is emphasized draft printing.
This is double-strike in draft mode.
This is double-strike and emphasized combined.
Note: Double-strike is ignored when combined with NLQ
printing. Also, high-speed draft will temporarily switch to
normal draft speed if emphasized or double-strike printing is
selected.
4-6
Getting the Most from Your Printer
Italic printing
You can use italic characters for special emphasis or as an
alternative typeface. Some software programs let you select italics
for the entire document, but with software commands you can
select italics for a single word or phrase.
Here is an example of italic printing:
This is NLQ printing.
This is italicized NLQ printing.
Note: The printer command ESC 4 turns on the italic mode
even if the current DIP switch setting is set to the Epson
Extended Graphics character table instead of the italics
character table. (See page 3-13 for more information on which
character table to use.)
Underlining
The underline mode automatically underlines any piece of text. It
underlines spaces, subscripts, and superscripts. (You can’t
underline horizontal tabs, however.) Underlining is the only
printing enhancement that can be combined with high-speed draft
without reducing the printing speed. Although you can usually
select underlining using your software program, you can also
select it with a software command.
Superscripts and subscripts
Superscripts and subscripts can be used for printing footnote
numbers and mathematical formulas. The following example
combines underlining and subscripts in a mathematical formula.
average = (a1 + a2 + ----- + an)
n
Sending Commands to the Printer
This section describes how you can send commands directly to the
printer, allowing you to take full advantage of your printer’s
capabilities.
ASCII codes
Your computer communicates with your printer using a
standardized set of numbered codes called ASCII codes
(American Standard Code for Information Interchange). When
you press the letter A on the keyboard, it is translated into the
ASCII code for A, transmitted to a peripheral device such as your
computer screen or your printer, and then converted back into the
letter A.
There are ASCII codes for all the letters in the alphabet, both
uppercase and lowercase letters, and for the numbers 0 through 9.
The ASCII set of codes also includes most punctuation marks and
some codes that control printer functions.
In the Command Summary in Chapter 8, each ASCII code is
expressed three different ways: as an ASCII character, as a
decimal number, and as a hexadecimal number. Hexadecimal
numbering, or base 16, uses the numbers 0 through 9 plus the
letters A through F. For example, the uppercase letter K is
represented as the ASCII character K, the decimal number 75, and
the hexadecimal number 4B. All of these values are equivalent.
The numbering system you use depends on your software and
your preferences.
All letters, numbers, and punctuation marks are assigned decimal
numbers from 32 through 255. ASCII codes with decimal values of
less than 32 are called control codes because they control the
operation of your printer and other peripherals. These ASCII
characters do not usually have corresponding keys on the
keyboard and cannot be printed as characters by your printer.
(However, some software programs do use control key codes for
decimal values. See the Control Key chart in Chapter 8.)
4-8
Getting the Most from Your Printer
Escape sequences
Although there are more than 30 control codes available to control
the operation of your printer, many more codes are required to
run today’s sophisticated printers. Therefore, ASCII codes are
grouped in sequences that represent certain functions. These code
sequences make use of the ASCII codes with decimal values of 32
through 255, normally reserved for characters and punctuation, to
control printer functions. This is done by first sending a standard
code to tell the printer that the codes that follow are to be used as
control codes, not as characters or punctuation.
The standard code that is sent at the beginning of these code
sequences is the Escape code, decimal value 27. Any sequence of
codes starting with the Escape code is called an Escape sequence.
You will probably see Escape written in different ways-such as
ESC, Esc, and ESCape-in various manuals. In this manual it is in
the form of ESC when used within a command.
Printer commands
In order for the printer to recognize the instructions it receives,
ASCII codes must be sent to the printer within a specific format,
called a command. An Escape sequence is a command, as is any
ASCII code or sequence of codes that instructs the printer to carry
out a particular function. Your software continually sends
commands to your printer and your computer screen. These
commands instruct your printer to perform such functions as
print in a particular typeface, feed the paper a certain amount
after printing each line, and start printing on a particular spot on
the page.
Some software programs let you send these commands yourself.
The commands that your printer recognizes are listed in the
Command Summary, Chapter 8, and on the Quick Reference card
in the back of this manual.
Getting the Most from Your Printer
4-9
Using the Command Summary
The commands listed in the Command Summary consist of
various combinations of ASCII codes. You can use either the
ASCII characters or their decimal or hexadecimal equivalents. For
example, the command to turn on subscript is ESC S1 in ASCII
characters. The decimal format for this command is 27 83 01, and
the hexadecimal format is 1B 53 01.
In the Command Summary, commands are grouped by the printer
functions they control, such as character width and print
enhancement. You can also look up commands in the list of
software commands in numerical order that immediately precedes
the Command Summary in your printer manual. This list gives
you page number references for all the commands.
Some commands include a variable, such as the letter n. For
example, the command for selecting or cancelling double-high
mode is ESC w n. When n = 1, double-high printing is turned on,
and when n= 0, double-high is turned off. In your Command
Summary variables are printed in italics to distinguish them from
ASCII characters.
Sending commands from your software program
How you format commands depends on the software program
you are using. Some software programs accept only the decimal
format, while others have certain punctuation you must use. Some
programs don’t let you insert codes at all.
If your software does allow you to send commands to the printer,
use the Command Summary to find the command you want to
send. Your software manual should explain exactly what format
and punctuation are required.
Selecting typestyles with Master Select
Your printer has a special command called Master Select that
allows you to choose many possible combinations of nine printing
enhancements. To send Master Select codes to the printer, you
must first choose the combination of features you want.
Here are the features you can choose:
10 cpi
12 cpi
proportional
condensed
emphasized
double-strike
double-wide
italics
underline
The format of the Master Select command is:
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
ESC
27
1B
!
33
21
n
n
n
To send the Master Select codes to your printer in a decimal
format, you send the codes 27, 33, and then whatever value you
choose for the variable n.
The variable n is a number that identifies the typestyle or
combination of typestyles. To find the value of n, look at the
Master Select table below and add up either the decimal or
hexadecimal numbers for the features you want.
Master Select table
Feature
10 cpi
12 cpi
proportional
condensed
emphasized
double-strike
Dec.
0
1
2
4
8
16
Hex.
00
01
02
04
08
10
For example, if you want to print a title using double-wide 12 cpi
characters in double-strike mode, you add these three decimal
numbers together to calculate the value of n:
12 cpi
1
Double-strike 16
Double-wide 32
n= 49
After calculating the value of n, use the Master Select command to
send the value to the printer. To send the Master Select command
for double-wide, 12 cpi, and double-strike, you would use the
decimal codes 27, 33, and 49.
ASCII
Decimal
Hexadecimal
4-12
ESC
27
1B
!
33
21
1
49
31
Getting the Most from Your Printer
Consider these things when you use the Master Select command:
l
Master Select cancels any of the listed features that you do not
set. For example, if you have already set 12 cpi, and you try to
use Master Select to set emphasized double-strike only, the
character width is reset to 10 cpi.
l
Proportional overrides 10 cpi, 12 cpi, and condensed.
l
Double-strike is ignored when combined with NLQ mode.
l
Only underlining can be combined with high-speed draft
without slowing the print speed. If other combinations are
used, high-speed draft is temporarily overridden and draft
mode is selected.
Print quality and font are not part of Master Select and must be set
separately using the ESC x and ESC k commands.
Getting the Most from Your Printer
4-13
Chapter 5
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
Cleaning the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
Replacing the Ribbon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Transporting the Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
5-1
Cleaning the Printer
To keep your printer operating at its best, you should clean it
thoroughly several times a year.
The following steps show you how to clean the printer. If you
have installed the optional pull tractor, remove it before cleaning
the printer.
1. Turn off the printer and close all of its covers.
2. Using a soft brush, carefully remove all dust and dirt.
3. If the outer case is dirty or dusty, clean it with a soft, clean cloth
dampened with mild detergent dissolved in water. Keep all of
the covers closed to prevent water from getting inside the
printer.
5-2
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
WARNING:
l
l
l
l
Never use alcohols or thinners to clean the printer.
These chemicals can damage the printer
components as well as the case.
Be careful not to get water on the printer
mechanism or electronic components.
Do not use a hard or abrasive brush.
Do not spray the inside of the printer with
lubricants. Unsuitable oils can damage the
mechanism. Contact your Epson dealer if you think
lubrication is needed.
Replacing the Ribbon
When your printing becomes too faint, you need to replace the
ribbon. Use only the #8766 Epson replacement cartridge for the
DFX-5000.
The following steps show you how to replace the ribbon.
WARNING: If the printer has been used recently, the
print head may be hot. Let it cool before attempting to
replace the ribbon.
1. If the printer is on line, press the ON LINE button to take it off
line. This widens the gap between the print head and the
platen, making it easier for you to replace the ribbon. Then
turn off the printer.
2. Open the printer’s top cover and slide the print head to the far
right.
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
5-3
3. Lift the ribbon guide off the print head as shown below.
4. Pull up on the side of the ribbon cartridge as shown below to
release it from the printer’s mounting pins. Then remove the
cartridge by lifting it up and away from you.
5-4 Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
Caution: Make sure you don’t pull on the flat gold cable
beneath the ribbon cartridge.
5. Move the print head back to the middle of the printer.
6. After taking the new ribbon cartridge out of the box, remove the
separator piece from the ribbon cartridge as shown below.
(This piece can be discarded.) Then detach the ribbon guide
from its holder on the ribbon cartridge and turn the
ribbon-tightening knob to remove any slack in the ribbon.
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
5-5
7. Hold the ribbon cartridge with both hands and lower it into the
printer as shown below. Pulling the cartridge toward you,
slide the hooks nearest you over the corresponding two pins in
the printer. Then push the cartridge down into position so that
the remaining two hooks snap into place over the mounting
pins in the printer.
8. Press lightly on both sides of the cartridge to make sure the
hooks are properly inserted.
5-6
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
9. Fit the plastic ribbon guide onto the metal pins on each side of
the print head, as shown below. The smaller end of the guide
should be on top, with its angled edge toward the platen. Turn
the ribbon-tightening knob to remove any slack in the ribbon.
10. Slide the print head from side to side to make sure that it
moves smoothly and that the ribbon is not twisted or creased.
11. Close the printer’s top cover.
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
5-7
Transporting the Printer
If you need to transport your printer some distance, carefully
repack the printer using the original box and packing materials.
The following steps show you how to repack your printer.
1. Turn off the printer and remove any paper installed in the
printer. If you have multi-part forms or labels loaded in the
printer, remove them according to the instructions in the
sections on using multi-part forms and labels in Chapter 2.
Also, if you have any printer options installed, remove them
according to the instructions in Chapter 6.
2. Unplug the power cable from the electrical outlet and then
disconnect the power cable from the printer.
3. If you are using the built-in parallel or serial interface, open the
printer’s interface cover and disconnect the interface cable.
Then close the interface cover.
5-8
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
4. Open the printer’s top cover and slide the print head to the far
right. Detach the ribbon guide from the print head as shown
below, and then remove the ribbon cartridge.
5. Using a cross-head screwdriver, reattach the carriage guide
support bar.
~-___- .-..._. .__---__
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
5-9
6. Reattach the two locking brackets and insert the print head
protector as shown below. Then insert foam packing material
for the paper bail.
7. Close the printer’s top cover and put the printer back in its
original box.
WARNING: Even when you need to carry the printer
only a short distance, do not carry it by yourself. The
printer should always be carried by two people.
5-10
Maintaining and Transporting the Printer
Chapter 6
Using the Printer Options
Using the Pull Tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the pull tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the pull tractor with front tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the pull tractor with rear tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the pull tractor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2
6-2
6-5
6-9
6-14
Using Interface Boards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Choosing an interface board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Installing an interface board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-17
Using the Printer Options
6-1
Using the Pull Tractor
The optional pull tractor (#8309) provides optimum continuous
paper handling. The pull tractor is especially useful with
continuous multi-part forms and labels. For best results, use the
pull tractor with either the printer’s front or rear built-in tractor,
as described in this section.
Installing the pull tractor
To install the pull tractor, you need a cross-head screwdriver.
The following steps show you how to install the pull tractor.
Note: If you are going to be using the pull tractor with the
built-in rear tractor, you should load paper onto the rear tractor
before installing the pull tractor. See the section on loading
paper onto the rear tractor in Chapter 2.
1. Turn off the printer and open the paper separator cover.
6-2
Using the Printer Options
2. Use the cross-head screwdriver to remove the paper separator.
3. Using the two screws you just removed from the printer’s
original paper separator, install the paper separator that comes
with the pull tractor.
4. Close the paper separator cover and open the printer’s top
cover.
5.
6-4
Holding the pull tractor with its gears to the left, fit the
tractor’s front notches over the mounting shaft of the printer.
Using the Printer Options
6. Tilt the pull tractor back until its rear latches click into place
over the printer’s rear mounting pins.
7. Close the printer’s top cover.
Using the pull tractor with the front tractor
If you are using labels, or multi-part forms with more than four
parts including the original, you should use the pull tractor with
the printer’s built-in front tractor.
You can switch between the front and rear tractors at any time
when you are using the pull tractor. Just press the FRONT/REAR
button and then use the FORM FEED button to feed the paper the
additional distance to the pull tractor. (Labels require special
handling. See the section on using labels in Chapter 2.)
The automatic tear-off feature does not work when the pull tractor
is installed. To tear off documents, press the FORM FEED button to
advance the paper to a point where it can be torn off.
Using the Printer Options
6-5
The following steps show you how to load paper using the
optional pull tractor with the printer’s built-in front tractor.
1. Turn on the printer and open the top cover.
2. Make sure there is paper loaded to the top of form position. If
there already is paper on the tractor but it is in the standby
position, press FRONT/REAR or LINE FEED/LOAD (depending on
which tractor is selected) to load the paper to the top of form
position. If there is no paper in the tractor at all, load paper as
described on page 2-3.
3. Once you have paper loaded on the printer’s front tractor, use
the FORM FEED button to advance the paper to the pull tractor.
4. Release both sprocket lock levers on the pull tractor by pulling
them toward you. Then open both sprocket covers.
6-6
Using the Printer Options
5. Adjust the sprocket units to match the width of your paper.
6. Slide the two paper supports so that they are spaced evenly
between the two sprocket units.
Using the Printer Options
6-7
7. Fit the sprocket holes of the paper over the sprocket pins.
8. If there is slack in the paper, or if the holes in the paper do not
align properly with the sprocket pins, use the tractor feed
knob to adjust the position of the paper as shown below. Slide
the knob to the right first, and then turn it as necessary.
6-8
Using the Printer Options
9. Close the sprocket covers. Slide the sprocket units so that the
paper is straight and smooth, and then lock them into place.
10. Adjust the top of form position as described in in Chapter 2.
11. Press the FORM FEED button to feed the paper out the back of
the printer. Make sure the edge of the first sheet emerges
below the paper separator.
12. Close the top cover and press the ON LINE button so you are
ready to print.
Using the pull tractor with the rear tractor
If you are using labels or multi-part forms with more than four
parts including the original, do not use the rear tractor; use the
front tractor instead. See the previous section on using the pull
tractor with the front tractor.
You can switch between the front and rear tractors at any time
when you are using the pull tractor. Just press the FRONT/REAR
button and then use the FORM FEED button to feed the paper the
additional distance to the pull tractor. (Labels require special
handling. See the section on using labels in Chapter 2.)
Using the Printer Options
6-9
The automatic tear-off feature does not work when the pull tractor
is installed. To tear off documents, press the FORM FEED button to
advance the paper to a point where it can be torn off.
The following steps show you how to load paper using the
optional pull tractor with the printer’s built-in rear tractor. If you
have not yet installed the pull tractor, load paper onto the rear
tractor before installing the pull tractor. Then install the pull
tractor as described earlier in this chapter.
1. Turn on the printer and open the top cover.
2. If there is no paper loaded on the rear tractor, you need to
follow Steps 2a through 2c below to load paper onto the rear
tractor. If there is paper on the rear tractor, in either the top of
form or standby position, skip to Step 3.
2a. Pull the levers on the pull tractor toward you to release the
pull tractor, and then tilt the tractor forward so that its pins
rest on the metal frame of the printer.
2b. Load paper onto the rear tractor as described on page 2-9.
6-10
Using the Printer Options
2c. Tilt the pull tractor back until the rear latches click into place
over the printer’s rear mounting pins.
3. Use the FORM FEED button to advance the paper to the pull
tractor.
4. Release both sprocket lock levers on the pull tractor by pulling
them toward you. Then open both sprocket covers.
Using the Printer Options
6-11
5. Adjust the sprocket units to match the width of your paper.
6. Slide the two paper supports so that they are spaced evenly
between the two sprocket units.
6-12
Using the Printer Options
7. Fit the sprocket holes of the paper over the sprocket pins.
8. If there is slack in the paper, or if the holes in the paper do not
align properly with the spocket pins, use the tractor feed knob
to adjust the position of the paper as shown below. Slide the
knob to the right first, and then turn it as necessary.
Using the Printer Options
6-13
9. Close the sprocket covers. Slide the sprocket units so that the
paper is straight and smooth, and then lock them into place.
10. Adjust the top of form position as described in in Chapter 2.
11. Press the FORM FEED button to form feed the paper out the back
of the printer. Make sure the edge of the first sheet emerges
below the paper separator.
12. Close the top cover and press the ON LINE button so you are
ready to print.
Removing the pull tractor
Follow these steps to remove the pull tractor. You’ll need a
cross-head screwdriver and the paper separator that originally
was installed on the printer.
1. Remove any paper installed on the tractor and turn off the
printer.
6-14
Using the Printer Options
2. Open the top cover and locate the levers that lock the pull
tractor in place on the printer. Pull these levers forward to
release the pull tractor. Then lift the tractor up and out of the
printer.
3. Close the printer’s top cover and open the paper separator
cover.
Using the Printer Options
6-15
4. Using the cross-head screwdriver, remove the paper separator
that came with the pull tractor.
5. Reinstall the original paper separator and close the paper
separator cover.
Using Interface Boards
You can use optional interface boards to supplement your
printer’s built-in serial and parallel interfaces. If you don’t know
whether you need an optional interface or if you want to know
more about interfaces, contact your Epson dealer.
6-16
Using the Printer Options
Choosing an interface board
Optional interface boards can be divided into three main
categories:
l
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l
IEEE-488 interfaces that provide standardized connections,
trouble-free operation, and the ability to connect computers,
printers, and other devices on the same line so they can share
data freely.
Coax and twinax interfaces that connect directly to the printer
and communicate with an IBM minicomputer or mainframe
via coax or twinax protocol. This allows Epson printers to
function as local IBM printers without the addition of any
other circuitry or components. These interfaces are currently
available from manufacturers other than Epson.
Serial interfaces, which are usually not necessary because the
DFX-5000 has a built-in serial interface.
The following Epson interfaces are compatible with the DFX-5000.
Installing an interface board
The following steps explain how to install an optional interface
board. Before you install the board, disconnect the printer cable
from the printer’s built-in parallel interface. The built-in parallel
and an optional interface should not be connected at the same
time.
Note: If you install an optional interface board, make sure your
printer’s DIP switches are set for parallel interface, even if you
are installing a serial interface board.
Using the Printer Options
6-17
1. Turn off both your printer and your computer.
2. If the interface board comes with a FG (frame ground) wire that
is not already attached to the board, attach the wire as shown
below on the right.
FG wire attached
3. Open the printer’s interface cover.
6-18
Using the Printer Options
FG wire not attached
4. Plug the connector of the cable securely into the interface board
as shown.
5. If the connector has tightening screws (as shown in the
illustration above), use a screwdriver to secure the cable to the
interface board. If the connector has clamps instead, squeeze
them together to secure the cable to the interface board.
Using the Printer Options
6-19
6. Place the board in the option slot, carefully inserting the pins of
the board into the mating connector in the option slot.
7. Use a cross-head screwdriver to secure the board with the four
screws provided.
6-20
Using the Printer Options
8. Remove the screw from the CG (chassis ground) connector on
the printer and then use the cross-head screwdriver to connect
the FG wire from the interface board to the CG connector, as
shown below.
9. Set the DIP switches on the interface board according to the
manual accompanying your interface board.
10. Secure the cable using the plastic clamp on the left side.
11. Close the interface cover.
Using the Printer Options
6-21
Chapter 7
Troubleshooting
Problems and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printer does not print . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printer stops printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printout is spaced incorrectly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printout is faint or uneven . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The printout is not what you expect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper does not feed properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-2
7-2
7-3
7-4
7-4
7-4
7-6
Data Dump Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
Troubleshooting 7-1
Problems and Solutions
This section discusses potential problems and their likely
solutions. If you are still having problems after trying the
solutions in this section, you may want to try using the data dump
mode, a mode that helps advanced users determine the causes of
communication problems between the printer and the computer.
See the section on the data dump mode at the back of this chapter
for more information.
Below are some possible problems you may encounter and their
solutions.
The printer does not print
Make sure the printer is turned on and the POWER light is on.
If the printer is turned on but the POWER light is not on, check
to see that the printer is fully plugged in and that the electrical
outlet is also turned on.
Make sure the top cover is closed and the ON LINE light is on. If
the ON LINE light is not on, press the ON LINE button to put the
printer back on line.
Make sure the printer is connected securely to the computer.
Check both ends of the cable between the printer and the
computer.
Make sure the printer is not out of paper. (The PAPER OUT light
should be off and the tractor arrow on the PAPER SELECT
indicator should be green.)
Make sure the correct tractor arrow is lit up on the PAPER
SELECT indicator. If the wrong tractor is selected, make sure
there is paper loaded in standby position on the tractor you
want to use, and then press the FRONT/REAR button to switch
to that tractor. See the sections on loading paper in Chapter 2.
7-2
Troubleshooting
l
Make sure that all protective materials are removed. If not,
turn off the printer, remove the protective materials, and turn
the printer back on. See the section on removing protective
materials in Chapter 1.
If the printer still does not print, disconnect the printer from the
computer and try the self test described in Chapter 1. If the self
test works properly, the printer is working and the problem
probably lies in the computer, the software, or the cable. If the self
test does not work, contact your Epson dealer.
The printer stops printing
The printer may be out of paper. Check the paper supply.
The paper may be jammed. Remove the jammed paper and
reload. See the sections on loading paper in Chapter 2.
The ribbon may be jammed. This problem is usually caused by
too much slack or a worn ribbon. See the section on replacing
the ribbon in Chapter 5.
The top cover may be open. If the top cover is opened during
printing, the printer beeps four times and stops printing. To
resume printing, close the top cover and press the ON LINE
button.
If the ON LINE light is flashing, the print head is overheated.
Wait several minutes until the print head cools. Printing
resumes when the head cools.
If the printer stops and the beeper sounds, turn the printer off
and check for paper jams or other problems. Then turn it back
on and try to print again. If the printer beeps again and does
not print, take it to a qualified service person.
Troubleshooting 7-3
The printout is spaced incorrectly
l
l
l
If all the text is printed on the same line, no line feed
command is being sent at the end of each line of text. Turn DIP
switch 2-4 on.
If the printer is inserting extra blank lines between lines of
text, extra line feed commands are being sent. Turn DIP switch
2-4 off.
If the printer inserts extra blank lines even when DIP switch
2-4 is turned off, you need to disable the AUTO FEED XT
signal coming from your computer. See your Epson dealer for
assistance.
The printout is faint or uneven
l
l
l
The ribbon may not be properly installed. See the section on
installing the ribbon in Chapter 1.
The ribbon may be worn out. See the section on replacing the
ribbon in Chapter 5.
The print head may be worn out. This is especially likely if
parts of printed characters are missing. Contact your dealer to
have the head replaced. Never attempt to replace the head
yourself because other parts of the printer should be checked
at the same time.
The printout is not what you expect
l
7-4
The wrong character table (italics or Epson Extended
Graphics) may be selected. See the section on selecting
character tables with DIP switches in Chapter 3. You can also
select the character table with a software command. (See the
Command Summary in Chapter 8.)
Troubleshooting
l
l
l
l
l
l
The printer may not be securely connected to the computer.
Check both ends of the cable between the printer and the
computer.
Your software’s font, page layout, printer port, or other printer
settings may not be selected properly. Make sure your
software is correctly set up for your printer and that you
specify continuous-feed paper as the type of form.
If the printing is too high or low on the page, adjust it by
following the instructions in the sections in Chapter 2 on
adjusting the top of form position and adjusting the printing
position.
Your application program may be changing the SelecType or
DIP switch settings. Use the program’s setup procedure to
remove the interfering codes, or use the printer control codes
for your application program instead of SelecType or DIP
switches. See your software manual for more information on
removing interfering codes. Also, for more information on
sending printer commands, see the section on sending
commands to the printer in Chapter 4.
Make sure that the DIP switches are set correctly for use with
the built-in parallel or serial interface. See the section on DIP
switch settings for interface type, parity, and baud rate in
Chapter 3. You can also check the DIP switch settings by
running the self test. (See Chapter 1.)
If you are using an optional interface board, make sure that
DIP switches 2-5 and 2-6 are set for parallel, regardless of
whether the optional board is parallel or serial. See the section
on DIP switch settings for interface type in Chapter 3. Also,
make sure that the DIP switches on the interface board are set
according to the instructions in the interface board manual.
Troubleshooting 7-5
Paper does not feed properly
The paper may not be mounted on the sprockets correctly.
Make sure the sprocket holes of the paper fit correctly over the
sprockets.
Make sure the sprockets are positioned to match the width of
your paper and that they are locked in place with their covers
closed.
Check the paper on the tractor’s sprockets to make sure it is
not ripped, jammed, or skewed. If something is wrong with
the paper, tear off the paper below the tractor and press
FORM FEED to eject the remaining paper. Then load fresh
paper, making sure the first sheet has a clean, straight edge.
The paper supply may be too far from the printer, or not
aligned with the front or rear tractor. Also, there may be some
obstacle in the way of the paper or something on top of the
paper supply. If you use the rear tractor, make sure that your
printed documents do not interfere with the rear paper supply.
See Chapter 2 for instructions on the proper placement of the
paper supply.
If you are trying to feed paper using one of the control panel
buttons, make sure the printer is off line.
If you are using labels, there are extra paper handling
precautions you must take. See the section in Chapter 2 on
using labels.
Data Dump Mode
The printer has a special feature to make it easy for experienced
users to find the cause of communication problems between the
printer and application programs. In data dump mode, an exact
printout of the codes reaching the printer is produced.
7-6
Troubleshooting
To use the data dump mode, follow these steps:
1. To enter the data dump mode, hold down the FORM FEED and
LINE FEED buttons at the same time while you turn on the
printer.
2. Next, run either an application program or one you have
written in any programming language. Your printer prints all
the codes sent to the printer in hexadecimal format as shown
below:
3. To turn off the data dump mode, press the ON LINE button to
take the printer off line, and then turn off the printer. (The data
dump mode can also be cancelled by sending an INIT signal
from the computer.)
Look at the data dump shown in Step 2. By comparing the
characters printed in the right column with the printout of the
hexadecimal codes, you can check what codes are being sent to the
printer. If characters are printable, they appear as their true ASCII
characters. Nonprintable codes, such as control codes, are
represented by dots.
As an example of how to interpret a data dump printout, look at
the first five hex codes on the first line of the printout sample
(1B 40 1B 55 31). Each hex 1B represents the Escape code, 40
represents @, 55 represents U, 31 represents the numeral 1. Check
the first line of the right column and you will find a dot, an @
sign, another dot, a U, and a 1. If you look in the Command
Summary in Chapter 8, you will see that these are the commands
to initialize the printer and turn on unidirectional mode.
Troubleshooting 7-7
Chapter 8
Command Summary
Using the Command Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-2
Control key chart. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-4
Commands in Numerical Order . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Commands Arranged by Topic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-8
Printer operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-8
Data control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-12
Vertical motion.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-13
Horizontal motion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-19
Overall printing style. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8-22
Print size and character width. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-25
Print enhancement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-29
Word processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-32
Charactersets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-33
User-defined characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-34
Graphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-37
Command Summary 8-1
Using the Command Summary
This chapter lists and describes all the commands available on
the DFX.
The first part of this chapter lists all commands in numerical order
and gives the page number where each is fully described. If you
know which command you are looking for, consult the numerical
list to find the number of the page where it is described.
The Quick Reference card at the end of the book also contains a
list of the commands divided by topic, with page number
references that direct you to full explanations of the commands.
The second part of this chapter lists and describes each command
separately; the commands are divided into the following subjects:
Printer operation
Data control
Vertical motion
Horizontal motion
Overall printing style
Print size and character width
Print enhancement
Word processing
Character sets
User-defined characters
Graphics
Each command has a format section and a comment section. The
format section gives the ASCII, decimal, and hexadecimal values
for the command; the comment section describes the effect of the
command and gives any additional information necessary for
using it.
All three formats are equivalent, and it should be easy to pick the
one most suited to your purpose.
Note: Some application programs can use control key
sequences. See the Control Key chart on page 8-4 for
information on using these.
8-2
Command Summary
The simplest type of command consists of a single character to be
sent to the printer. For instance, to print in condensed mode the
code format is:
ASCII code: SI
Decimal:
15
Hexadecimal: 0F
This code can be sent from a program by sending the code 15
directly.
More complex commands consist of two or more character codes.
For example, to print in double-wide mode the code format is the
following:
ASCII code: ESC W
Decimal:
27
87
Hexadecimal:
1B
57
n
n
n
In this case n can be either 1 or 0, to begin or end double-wide
printing. You can use either of the following commands to turn
ON double-wide print from BASIC:
LPRINT CHR$(27);CHR$(87);CHR$(l)
LPRINT CHR$(27);“W”;CHR$(l)
For the following commands that use only 0 or 1 for the variable,
either the decimal or hexadecimal values 1 and 0 or the ASCII
characters 1 and 0 can be used:
ESC U, ESC x, ESC p, ESC W, ESC S, ESC-, and ESC %
For example, in BASIC you can turn on proportional spacing with
either of these statements:
LPRINT CHR$(27);“p”;CHR$(1)
LPRINT CHR$(27);“p”;“1”
Command Summary 8-3
Control Key Chart
Some application programs can use control key codes for decimal
values 0 through 27. The table below gives you the proper values.
The Control Key column indicates that you press the control key
at the same time you press the key for the letter or symbol in that
column. For example, you press the control key and A at the same
time to send the value 1.
Note: Many programs use the control keys for other purposes.
Also, some programs do not use all these keys.
Dec.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
8-4
Hex.
00
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
0A
OB
0C
0D
OE
OF
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
1A
1B
Command Summary
Control Key
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
;
K
L
M
N
O
E
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
Commands in Numerical Order
This section lists all the DFX commands, with their decimal and
hexadecimal values. The numbers in the columns on the right are
the page numbers in this chapter where a complete description of
the command can be found.
ASCII
BEL
BS
HT
LF
VT
FF
CR
so
ESC SO
SI
ESC SI
DC1
DC2
DC3
DC4
CAN
ESC SP
ESC !
ESC #
ESC $
ESC %
ESC &
ESC *
ESC ESC /
Page
Dec Hex Description
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
14
15
15
17
18
19
20
24
32
33
35
36
37
38
42
45
47
07
08
09
0A
0B
0C
0D
0E
0E
0F
0F
11
12
13
14
18
20
21
23
24
25
26
2A
2D
2F
Beeper
Backspace
Tab horizontally
Line feed
Tab vertically
Form feed
Carriage return
Select double-wide (1 line)
Select double-wide (1 line)
Select condensed mode
Select condensed mode
Select printer
Cancel condensed mode
Deselect printer
Cancel double-wide (1 line)
Cancel line
Set intercharacter space
Master Select
Cancel MSB control
Set absolute print position
Select user-defined set
Define user-defined characters
Select graphics mode
Turn underlining on/off
Select vertical tab channel
8-11
8-20
8-21
8-14
8-17
8-13
8-12
8-27
8-28
8-26
8-27
8-8
8-27
8-9
8-28
8-12
8-33
8-24
8-11
8-20
8-35
8-34
8-38
8-31
8-18
Command Summary 8-5
ASCII
Dec
ESC 0
ESC 1
ESC 2
ESC 3
ESC 4
ESC 5
ESC 6
ESC 7
ESC :
ESC <
ESC =
ESC >
ESC ?
ESC @
ESC A
ESC B
ESC C
ESC CO
ESC D
ESC E
ESC F
ESC G
ESC H
ESC I
ESC J
ESC K
ESC L
ESC M
ESC N
ESC O
ESC I’
ESC Q
ESC R
ESC SO
ESC S1
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
58
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
83
8-6
Hex Description
Page
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
3A
3C
3D
3E
3F
40
41
42
43
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
4B
4C
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
53
8-15
8-15
8-15
8-16
8-31
8-32
8-36
8-36
8-35
8-9
8-10
8-11
8-39
8-8
8-16
8-17
8-13
8-14
8-22
8-29
8-29
8-29
8-30
8-36
8-16
8-37
8-37
8-25
8-14
8-14
8-25
8-19
8-34
8-30
8-30
Select 1/8-inch line spacing
Select 7/72-inch line spacing
Select l/6-inch line spacing
Select n/216-inch line spacing
Select italic mode
Cancel italic mode
Printable code area expansion
Cancel ESC 6
Copy ROM into RAM
Unidirectional mode (1 line)
Set MSB to 0
Set MSB to 1
Reassign graphics mode
Initialize printer
Select n/72-inch line spacing
Set vertical tabs
Set page length in lines
Set page length in inches
Set horizontal tabs
Select emphasized mode
Cancel emphasized mode
Select double-strike mode
Cancel double-strike mode
Printable code area expansion
Perform n/216-inch line feed
Select single-density graphics
Select double-density graphics
Select 12 cpi
Set skip over perforation
Cancel skip over perforation
Select 10 cpi
Set right margin
International character set
Select superscript mode
Select subscript mode
Command Summary
Page
ASCII
Dec
Hex Description
ESC T
ESC U
ESC W
ESC Y
ESC Z
ESC \
ESC ^
ESC a
ESC b
ESC k
ESC l
ESC p
ESC t
ESC x
DEL
84
85
87
89
90
92
94
97
98
107
108
112
116
120
127
8-31
54
Cancel superscript / subscript
Turn unidirectional mode on/off 8-10
55
8-28
57
Turn double-wide on/off
59
High-speed dbl-density graphics 8-37
8-38
5A Quadruple-density graphics
8-21
5C
Set relative position
8-39
5E
Select 9-pin graphics
8-32
Select justification
61
8-18
62
Set vertical tabs in channels
8-23
6B
Select NLQ font
8-19
6C
Set left margin
8-26
70
Turn proportional mode on/off
8-33
74
Select character table
8-22
78
Select NLQ or draft
8-12
7F
Delete character
Command Summary 8-7
Commands Arranged by Topic
This section lists and describes all the commands.
Printer Operation
Initialization:
ESC @
Format:
Initialize Printer
ASCII code: ESC @
27
64
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 40
Comments:
Resets the printer mode and clears the buffer of printable data
on the print line preceding the command.
Selection:
DC1
Format:
Select Printer
ASCII code: DC1
Decimal:
17
Hexadecimal: 11
Comments:
Returns the printer to the selected state if it has been deselected
by the printer deselect code (DC3). Does not select the printer if
it has been switched off line by pressing the ON LINE button.
DC1 and DC3 do not work if pin 36 on the parallel interface is
low (for example, on IBM PC’s and some compatible
computers).
8-8
Command Summary
DC3
Format:
Deselect Printer
ASCII code: DC3
Decimal:
19
Hexadecimal: 13
Comments:
Puts the printer into the deselected state until select printer
code (DC1) is received. The printer cannot be reselected with
the ON LINE button.
Printing direction:
ESC <
Format:
Select Unidirectional Mode (one line)
ASCII code: ESC <
Decimal:
27
60
Hexadecimal: 1B 3C
Comments:
Printing is normally bidirectional. This command selects
unidirectional printing for one line only. (It is cancelled by a
carriage return.) The print head moves to the extreme left
(home) position, and printing takes place from left to right.
Command Summary 8-9
Turn Unidirectional Mode On/Off
ESC U
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
U
Decimal:
27
85
Hexadecimal:
1B
55
n
n
n
Comments:
The following values can be used for n:
(The decimal or hexadecimal values 0
1: Mode is turned ON.
0: Mode is turned OFF. and 1 or the ASCII characters “0” and
“1” can be used.)
Printing is normally bidirectional. This command selects
unidirectional printing for more accurate positioning.
MSB control:
Note: MSB is the Most Significant Bit. MSB control (ESC =,
ESC >, and ESC #) is not valid for graphics or user-defined
characters.
ESC = (equal)
Format:
Set MSB to 0
ASCII code: ESC
Decimal:
27
61
Hexadecimal: 1B 3D
Comments:
Sets the MSB of all incoming data to 0. Some computers always
send data with the MSB set to 1, which means that italics or
character graphics are always printed. ESC = can overcome this
problem.
8-10
Command Summary
Set MSB to 1
ESC >
Format:
ASCII code: ESC >
Decimal:
27
62
Hexadecimal: 1B 3E
Comments:
Sets the MSB bit of all incoming data as 1.
ESC #
Format:
Cancel MSB Control
ASCII code: ESC #
Decimal:
27
35
Hexadecimal: 1B 23
Comments:
Cancels the MSB control set by ESC = or ESC >.
Beeper:
BEL
Format:
Beeper
ASCII code: BEL
Decimal:
7
Hexadecimal: 07
Comments:
Sounds the printer’s beeper.
Command Summary
8-11
Data Control
Carriage Return
CR
Format:
ASCII code: CR
13
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 0D
Comments:
Prints the data in the buffer and returns the print position to the
left margin. A line feed may be added if DIP switch 2-4 is ON or
if the AUTO FEED XT line on the parallel interface is held LOW.
CAN
Format:
Cancel Line
ASCII code: CAN
24
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 18
Comments:
Removes all text on the print line but does not affect control
codes.
DEL
Format:
Delete Character
ASCII code: DEL
127
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 7F
Comments:
Removes the last text character on the print line but does not
affect control codes.
8-12
Command Summary
Vertical Motion
Form feeding:
Form Feed
FF
Format:
ASCII code: FF
12
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 0C
Comments:
Prints the data in the print buffer and advances the paper to the
top of the next form according to the current page length.
Set Page Length in Lines
ESC C
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
C
27
67
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
43
n
n
n
Comments:
Sets the page length to n lines in the current line spacing. The
value of n must be from 1 to 127. The top of form position is set
to the current line. Overrides the DIP switch page length setting.
Set Page Length in Inches
ESCC0
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
C
0
n
27
67
0
n
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 43 00 n
Comments:
Sets the page length to n inches. The value of n must be from 1
to 22. The top of form position is set to the current line.
Overrides the DIP switch page length setting.
Command Summary
8-13
Set Skip Over Perforation
ESC N
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
N
27
78
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
4E
n
n
n
Comments:
The variable n is the number of lines skipped between the last
line printed on one page and the first line on the next page. For
example, with the standard settings for line spacing (1/6-inch),
and page length (66 lines), ESC N 6 causes the DFX to print 60
lines and then skip 6. DIP switch 2-3 performs the same
function. This setting is cancelled by ESC O and also by ESC C
or ESC C 0. The value of n must be from 1 to 127.
Cancel Skip Over Perforation
ESC O
Format:
ASCII code: ESC O
27
79
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 4F
Comments:
Cancels the skip over perforation set by ESC N. Overrides the
setting of DIP switch 2-3.
Line feeding:
Line Feed
LF
Format:
ASCII code: LF
10
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 0A
Comments:
When this command is received, the data in the print buffer is
printed and the paper advances one line in the current line
spacing.
8-14
Command Summary
ESC 0
Format:
Select 1/8-inch Line Spacing
ASCII code: ESC 0
Decimal:
27
48
Hexadecimal: 1B 30
Comments:
Sets the line spacing to 1/8 of an inch for subsequent line feed
commands. The 0 is the character zero and not ASCII code 0.
ESC 1
Format:
Select 7/72-inch Line Spacing
ASCII code: ESC 1
Decimal:
27
49
Hexadecimal: 1B 31
Comments:
Sets the line spacing to 7/72 of an inch for subsequent line feed
commands. The 1 is the character one and not lowercase L or
ASCII code 1.
ESC 2
Format:
Select 1/6-inch Line Spacing
ASCII code: ESC 2
Decimal:
27
50
Hexadecimal:
1B
32
Comments:
Sets the line spacing to 1/6 of an inch for subsequent line feed
commands. The 2 is the character two and not ASCII code 2. This
is the default at power on.
Command Summary
8-15
Select n/216-inch Line Spacing
ESC 3
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
3
Decimal:
27
51
Hexadecimal:
1B
33
n
n
n
Comments:
Sets the line spacing to n/216 of an inch for subsequent line
feed commands. The 3 is the character three and not ASCII
code 3. The value of n must be from 0 to 255.
Select n/72-inch Line Spacing
ESC A
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
A
Decimal:
27
65
Hexadecimal:
1B
41
n
n
n
Comments:
Sets the line spacing to n/72 of an inch for subsequent line feed
commands. The value of n must be from 0 to 85.
Perform n/216-inch Line Feed
ESC J
Format:
ASCII code: ESC
Decimal:
27
Hexadecimal:
1B
J
74
4A
n
n
n
Comments:
Advances the paper n/216 of an inch. The value of n must be
from 0 to 255. This command produces an immediate line feed
but does not affect subsequent line spacing and does not
produce a carriage return.
8-16
Command Summary
Vertical tabbing:
VT
Format:
Tab Vertically
ASCII code: VT
Decimal:
11
Hexadecimal: 0B
Comments:
Advances the paper to the next tab setting in the channel
selected by ESC /. If no channel has been selected, channel 0 is
used. If no vertical tabs have been selected, the paper advances
one line.
ESC B
Format:
Set Vertical Tabs
A S C I I c o d e : E S C B n 1 n 2 . . . 0
Decimal:
2 7 6 6 n 1 n 2 . . . 0
Hexadecimal: 1B 42 n1 n2 ... 00
Comments:
Sets up to 16 vertical tabs in the current line spacing. Tab
settings are not affected by subsequent changes in line spacing.
The tab settings are entered as n1, n2, etc., all from 1 to 255, in
ascending order. The 0 character indicates the end of the
command. All settings are stored in channel 0 (see ESC b).
ESC B 0 clears the tab settings.
Command Summary
8-17
Set Vertical Tabs in Channels
ESC b
Format:
A S C I I c o d e : E S C b c n 1 n 2 . . . 0
27
98
c
n1
n2
...
0
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
62
c
n1
n2
...
00
Comments:
Functions the same as ESC B, except that the variable c selects a
channel for the vertical tabs, which must be between 0 to 7.
Therefore, up to eight sets of vertical tabs can be set. The
channels are selected by ESC /. To clear the tabs in channel c
use ESC b c 0.
Select Vertical Tab Channel
ESC /
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
/
27
47
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
2F
c
c
c
Comments:
This command is used to select the vertical tab channel, with
the value of c from 0 to 7. All subsequent vertical tab commands
use the channel selected by this command. If no channel has
been selected, channel 0 is used.
8-18
Command Summary
Horizontal Motion
Margins:
Set Left Margin
ESC 1
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
1
27
108
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
6C
n
n
n
Comments:
Sets the left margin to n columns in the current character size.
Settings made in the proportional mode are treated as 10 cpi.
This command clears previous tab settings and all previous
characters in the print line. Use lowercase l (as in left), not the
numeral one. The minimum space between the margins is the
width of one double-wide 10 cpi character.
Set Right Margin
ESC Q
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
Q
27
81
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
51
n
n
n
Comments:
Sets the right margin to n columns in the current character size.
Settings made in the proportional mode are treated as 10 cpi.
This command clears previous tab settings and all previous
characters in the print line. The minimum space between the
margins is the width of one double-wide 10 cpi character.
Command Summary
8-19
Print head movement:
Backspace
BS
Format:
ASCII code: BS
Decimal:
8
Hexadecimal: 08
Comments:
Prints out data in the print buffer, then moves the print position
one space to the left. Backspacing can be performed up to, but
not beyond, the left margin setting. Do not use the BS code if
ESC a 2 or ESC a 3 has been sent.
Set Absolute Print Position
ESC $
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
$
Decimal:
27
36
Hexadecimal:
1B
24
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
This sequence specifies the distance from the currently set left
margin that subsequent characters are to be printed, using this
formula: total number of dots = n1 + (n2 x 256). Each unit
equals 1/60th of an inch. The sequence is ignored and the
previous setting remains effective if the position specified is
beyond the right margin. This command applies to both draft
and NLQ.
8-20
Command Summary
Set Relative Position
ESC \
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
\
Decimal:
27
92
Hexadecimal:
1B
5C
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
Determines the position (relative to the current position) at
which printing of following data will start. To find n1 and n2,
first calculate the displacement required in 1/120ths of an inch.
Send the resulting number using this formula: total number of
dots = n1 + ( n2 x 256). If the displacement is to the left, subtract
the number from 65536 before you use the formula. The
command is ignored if it would move the print position outside
the current margins. This command applies to both draft and
NLQ.
Horizontal tabbing:
HT
Format:
Tab Horizontally
ASCII code: HT
Decimal:
9
Hexadecimal: 09
Comments:
Advances the print position to the next horizontal tab setting.
The default settings are at intervals of eight characters in the
default character size, and tab positions are not affected by
subsequent changes in character size.
Command Summary
8-21
Set Horizontal Tabs
ESC D
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
D
n1
n2
...
0
Decimal:
27
68
n1
n2
...
0
Hexadecimal: 1B 44 n1 n2 ... 00
Comments:
This command allows setting of up to 32 horizontal tabs, which
are entered as n1, n2, n3, etc. (from 1 to 255) with the 0 character
or any value less than the previous one terminating the
command. ESC D 0 clears all tabs. The settings on power up or
after an ESC @ command are every eight characters. The tab
settings do not change if the character size is changed. For
proportional printing the size of 10 cpi characters determines
the tab positions.
Overall Printing Style
Select Near Letter Quality or Draft
ESC x
Format:
ASCII code: ESC
27
Decimal:
120
Hexadecimal:
1B
78
Comments:
The following values can
0: Selects the draft mode
1: Selects the near letter
quality (NLQ) mode.
n
n
n
be used for n:
(The decimal or hexadecimal values 0
and 1 or the ASCII characters “0” and
“1” can be used.)
When NLQ is selected, the font used is either Roman, Sans Serif
or user-defined, whichever is currently selected. Condensed
printing is not available in NLQ.
8-22
Command Summary
Select NLQ Font
ESC k
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
k
27
107
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
6B
n
n
n
Comments:
This command affects only the near letter quality typestyle, not
draft.
The following values can be used for n :
0 = Roman
1 = Sans Serif
Command Summary
8-23
Master Select
ESC !
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
!
Decimal:
27
33
Hexadecimal:
1B
21
n
n
n
Comments:
Selects any valid combination of the modes in the table below.
The variable n is determined by adding together the values of
the desired modes from the table.
This command applies to both draft and NLQ. 10 cpi cannot be
combined with 12 cpi, and proportional cannot be condensed.
If both proportional and condensed are selected, proportional
overrides condensed. Double-strike is ignored in NLQ.
8-24
Command Summary
Print Size and Character Width
ESC P
Format:
Select 10 cpi
ASCII code: ESC P
Decimal:
27
80
Hexadecimal: 1B 50
Comments:
Selects 10 characters per inch printing. This command is
normally used to cancel 12 cpi.
ESC M
Format:
Select 12 cpi
ASCII code: ESC M
27
77
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 4D
Comments:
Selects 12 characters per inch printing. This command is
available in both draft and NLQ.
Command Summary
8-25
Turn Proportional Mode On/Off
ESC p
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
p
Decimal:
27
112
Hexadecimal:
1B
70
n
n
n
Comments:
The following values can be used for n:
(The decimal or hexadecimal values 0
1: Mode is turned ON.
0: Mode is turned OFF. and 1 or the ASCII characters “0” and
“1” can be used.)
The width of proportional characters varies from character to
character. Therefore, a narrow letter like i receives less space
than a wide letter like W. The proportional widths are given in
the character tables, which appear in Appendix A. This
command overrides condensed. This command is available for
draft, NLQ, and user-defined characters.
SI
Format:
Select Condensed Mode
ASCII code: SI
Decimal:
15
Hexadecimal: 0F
Comments:
Prints characters at about 60 percent of their normal width. For
example, the condensed 10 cpi mode has 17 characters per inch.
Proportional mode cannot be condensed, and proportional
overrides condensed. This command is not available in NLQ.
8-26
Command Summary
ESC SI
Format:
Select Condensed Mode
ASCII code: ESC SI
27
15
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 0F
Comments:
Duplicates the SI command. This command is not available in
NLQ.
DC2
Format:
Cancel Condensed Mode
ASCII code: DC2
18
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 12
Comments:
Cancels condensed printing set by SI, ESC SI, or DIP switch.
so
Select Double-Wide Mode (one line)
Format:
ASCII code: SO
14
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 0E
Comments:
Double-wide mode doubles the width of all characters. This
mode is cancelled by a carriage return or DC4. This command is
available in both draft and NLQ.
Command Summary
8-27
Select Double-Wide Mode (one line)
ESC SO
Format:
ASCII code: ESC SO
27
14
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 0E
Comments:
Duplicates the SO command. This command is available in both
draft and NLQ.
Cancel Double-Wide Mode (one line)
DC4
Format:
ASCII code: DC4
Decimal:
20
Hexadecimal: 14
Comments:
Cancels one-line double-wide printing selected by SO or ESC
SO, but not double-wide printing selected by ESC W or ESC !.
Turn Double-Wide Mode On/Off
ESC W
Format:
ASCII code: ESC
Decimal:
27
Hexadecimal:
1B
W
87
57
n
n
n
Comments:
The following values can be used for n:
(The decimal or hexadecimal values 0
1: Mode is turned ON.
0: Mode is turned OFF. and 1 or the ASCII characters “0” and
“1” can be used.)
Double-wide mode doubles the width of all characters. This
command is available in both draft and NLQ.
8-28
Command Summary
Print Enhancement
ESC E
Format:
Select Emphasized Mode
ASCII code: ESC E
Decimal:
27
69
Hexadecimal: 1B 45
Comments:
Makes text bolder by printing each dot twice, with the second
dot slightly to the right of the first. This command is available
in both draft and NLQ.
ESC F
Format:
Cancel Emphasized Mode
ASCII code: ESC F
Decimal:
27
70
Hexadecimal: 1B 46
Comments:
Cancels emphasized, the mode selected by ESC E. This
command is available in both draft and NLQ.
ESC G
Format:
Select Double-Strike Mode
ASCII code: ESC G
Decimal:
27
71
Hexadecimal: 1B 47
Comments:
Makes text bolder by printing each line twice, with the second
printing slightly below the first. Double-strike is not available
in NLQ mode.
Command Summary
8-29
Cancel Double-Strike Mode
ESC H
Format:
ASCII code: ESC H
Decimal:
27
72
Hexadecimal: 1B 48
Comments:
Turns off the double-strike mode selected by ESC G.
Select Superscript Mode
ESC S0
Format:
ASCII code: ESC
Decimal:
27
Hexadecimal:
1B
S
83
53
NUL
0
00
Comments:
Prints characters about two-thirds of the normal height in the
upper part of the character space. The decimal or hexadecimal
value 0 or the character “0” can be used in this command. It is
cancelled with ESC T. This command is available in both draft
and NLQ.
Select Subscript Mode
ESC S1
Format:
ASCII code: ESC
Decimal:
27
Hexadecimal:
1B
S
83
53
SOH
1
01
Comments:
Prints characters about two-thirds of the normal height in the
lower part of the character space. The decimal or hexadecimal
value 1 or the character “1” can be used in this command. It is
cancelled with ESC T. This command is available in both draft
and NLQ.
8-30
Command Summary
Cancel Superscript/Subscript
ESC T
Format:
ASCII code: ESC T
Decimal:
27
84
Hexadecimal: 1B 54
Comments:
Cancels either superscript or subscript.
ESC Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
Decimal:
27
45
Hexadecimal:
1B
2D
Turn Underlining Mode On/Off
n
n
n
Comments:
The following values can be used for n:
1: Mode is turned ON.
(The decimal or hexadecimal values 0
0: Mode is turned OFF. and 1 or the ASCII characters “0” or
“1” can be used.)
This mode provides continuous underlining, including spaces.
This command is available in both draft and NLQ.
ESC 4
Format:
Select Italic Mode
ASCII code: ESC 4
Decimal:
27
52
Hexadecimal: 1B 34
Comments:
Causes italic characters to be printed. This command is valid
even if the Epson Extended Graphics character set has been
selected by ESC t or the DIP switch 1-3, but character graphics
cannot be italicized. This command is available in both draft
and NLQ.
Command Summary
8-31
Cancel Italic Mode
ESC 5
Format:
ASCII code: ESC 5
27
53
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 35
Comments:
Cancels the mode selected by ESC 4. This command is available
in both draft and NLQ.
Word Processing
Select Justification
ESC a
Format:
ASCII code: ESC
27
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
97
61
n
n
n
Comments:
The following values can be used for n:
0: Selects left justification.
1: Selects centering.
2: Selects right justification.
3: Selects full justification.
The default setting is n = 0. Full justification (n = 3) is
performed when the buffer becomes full. The commands HT
and BS are invalid except in n = 0 mode. For n = 3 there must be
no carriage returns within a paragraph. This command is
available in both draft and NLQ.
8-32
Command Summary
Set Intercharacter Space
ESC SP (space)
Format:
ASCII code: ESCS P
27
32
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
20
n
n
n
Comments:
Sets the amount of space added to the right of each character, in
addition to the space already allowed in the design of the
character. The number of units of space is equal to n, which
should be from 0 to 127. Each unit of space is 1/120th of an
inch. This command is available in both draft and NLQ.
Character Sets
Select Character Table
ESC t
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
t
Decimal:
27
116
Hexadecimal:
1B
74
n
n
n
Comments:
The following values can be used for n:
0: Selects italic character set.
1: Selects Epson Extended Graphics character set.
Selects the character table used by ASCII codes 128 through 255.
Selecting Epson Extended Graphics does not disable italic
printing. Italic printing can still be selected by ESC 4.
Duplicates and overrides the function of DIP switch 1-3. Note
that the value of n must equal 00 hex or 01 hex; the characters
“0” and “1” cannot be used. See Appendix A for the character
tables.
Command Summary
8-33
Select an International Character Set
ESC R
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
R
n
Decimal:
27
82
n
Hexadecimal: 1B 52 n
Comments:
See the section on international character sets in Chapter 3 for
full information on international character sets. The following
values can be used for n:
0=USA
1 =France
2=Germany
3=UK
4=Denmark I
9=Norway
10=Denmark II
11 =Spain II
12=Latin America
5=Sweden
6=Italy
7=Spain I
8=Japan
Overrides the DIP switch settings for international characters.
This command is available in both draft and NLQ.
User-Defined Characters
Define User-Defined Characters
ESC &
Format:
ASCII code: ESC
Decimal:
27
Hexadecimal:
1B
&
38
26
NUL
d1
0
d1
00
d1
Comments:
This command defines characters.
8-34
Command Summary
d2
d2
d2
...
...
...
dn
dn
dn
Copy ROM into RAM
ESC :
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
:
Decimal:
27
58
Hexadecimal:
1B
3A
0
0
00
n
n
n
0
0
00
Comments:
This command copies the characters in the ROM into RAM SO
that specific characters can be redefined. The following values
can be used for n:
0: Roman
1: Sans Serif
Select User-Defined Set
ESC %
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
%
Decimal:
27
37
Hexadecimal:
1B
25
n
n
n
Comments:
ESC & is required to define the character set. The following
values can be used for n:
0: Selects the normal set.
1: Selects the user-defined set.
For NLQ characters, also send ESC x 1.
Command Summary
8-35
Printable Code Area Expansion
ESC 6
Format:
ASCII code: ESC 6
27
54
Decimal:
Hexadecimal: 1B 36
Comments:
Enables the printing of codes 128 through 159 (decimal) as
characters, not control codes. See Appendix A for the
characters that are printed with these codes.
Cancel ESC 6
ESC 7
Format:
ASCII code: ESC 7
Decimal:
27
55
Hexadecimal: 1B 37
Comments:
This code causes codes 128 through 159 to be treated as control
codes. This is the default.
Printable Code Area Expansion
ESC I
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
I
27
73
Decimal:
Hexadecimal:
1B
49
n
n
n
Comments:
ASCII codes 0 to 31 and 128 to 159 are usually not printable.
These codes become printable upon input of the ESC I code if
n = 1, which allows the use of these codes for user-defined
characters. If n = 0, this command returns 0 to 31 and 128 to 159
to non-printable codes.
8-36
Command Summary
Graphics
Select Single-Density Graphics Mode
ESC K
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
K
Decimal:
27
75
Hexadecimal:
1B
4B
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
Turns on eight-pin single-density graphics mode (60 dots per
inch). The total number of columns = n1 + (n2 x 256).
ESC L
Format:
Select Double-Density Graphics Mode
ASCII
code:
ESC
L
Decimal:
27
76
Hexadecimal:
1B
4C
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
Turns on eight-pin double-density graphics mode (120 dots per
inch). The total number of columns = n1 + (n2 x 256).
ESC Y
Format:
Select High-Speed Double-Density Graphics Mode
ASCII
code:
ESC
Y
Decimal:
27
89
Hexadecimal:
1B
59
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
Turns on eight-pin high-speed double-density graphics
mode (120 dots per inch). The total number of columns =
n1 + ( n2 x 256).
Command Summary
8-37
ESC Z
Format:
Select Quadruple-Density Graphics Mode
ASCII
code:
ESC
Z
Decimal:
27
90
Hexadecimal:
1B
5A
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
Turns on eight-pin quadruple-density graphics mode (240 dots
per inch). The total number of columns = n1 + (n2 x 256).
ESC *
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
*
m
Decimal:
27
42
m
Hexadecimal:
1B
2A
m
Select Graphics Mode
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
Turns on graphics mode m. See the table below for details
on the available modes. The total number of
columns = n1 + (n2 x 256).
‘Adjacent dots cannot be printed in this mode.
8-38
Command Summary
ESC ?
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
?
Decimal:
27
63
Hexadecimal:
1B
3F
Reassign Graphics Mode
s
s
s
m
m
m
Comments:
Changes one graphics mode to another. The variable s is a
character (K, L, Y or Z), which is reassigned to a mode m (0-7).
(See ESC * for graphic modes.)
Select 9-Pin Graphics Mode
ESC ^
Format:
ASCII
code:
ESC
^
Decimal:
27
94
Hexadecimal:
1B
5E
m
m
m
n1
n1
n1
n2
n2
n2
Comments:
Turns on 9-pin graphics mode. For this command the variable
m defines density of print: 0 for single (60 dpi) and 1 for double
(120 dpi). The total number of columns = n1 + (n2 x 256). This
mode requires two data items for each column of print.
Command Summary
8-39
Appendix A
Reference Tables
Proportional Width Table . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
Character
Tables.................................................................................A-6
Reference Tables A-l
Proportional Width Table
This table lists the widths of your printer’s proportional
characters. The values given are in 120ths of an inch. (For
example, a value of 12 is 12/120ths of an inch.) You may need to
enter these widths into a special table for your word processing
program so it can calculate the number of proportional characters
that will fit on a line.
The characters with no code indicated are international characters
or graphics. See the section on international character sets in
Chapter 3 and the descriptions of the ESC R and ESC t commands
in the Command Summary for information on how to use these
characters.
The following width table shows each code (hexadecimal), the
character, and the character’s width. If there are two numbers in
the width column, the second one is for the italic version of the
character.
A-2
Reference Tables
Reference Tables A-3
T
Code
CHR
Width
12111
8110
10111
CHR
Width
12112
12/11
BO
12/12
12
8110
Bl
82
12/12
83
12
12
12/12
12/12
B4
12
B5
B6
12
12/12
12112
12112
10111
10111
ll/ll
ll/ll
12/11
12112
12/12
B7
88
B9
BA
12
12
12
12
12
12
BB
BC
12
BD
12
BE
BF
12
12
12
11/11
co
12
12/12
Cl
12
12112
12/12
c2
12
c3
c4
12
12
12/12
8110
c5
12
C6
12
IO/l2
c7
C8
12
12
c9
12
12
11/12
ll/ll
11/12
12/12
CA
12111
12112
CB
cc
12111
CD
12
12112
12112
12112
CE
CF
12
12
DO
Dl
12
12/12
5/10
A-4
Code
Reference Tables
D2
12
12
12
12
Width
Code
CHR
0
Width
D3
12
F8
D4
12
12
F9
FA
12
12
FB
11
11
11
11
D5
D6
D7
D8
D9
12
FC
FD
12
FE
DA
12
DB
12
12
DC
DE
DF
EO
El
E2
E3
E4
E5
12
11/11
10112
12/12
10112
12/12
10/12
EA
EB
12112
12/11
EC
ED
12/12
12/12
12112
EE
12112
lO/lO
EF
FO
10112
11
Fl
11
11
F7
8/9
10/12
11/12
E8
E9
F5
F6
11111
12/12
12/12
11/12
F3
F4
11
818
12/12
12
12/12
E6
E7
F2
11
11
11
11
11
11
11
Reference Tables A-5
Character Tables
The character tables on the next two pages are selected by setting
DIP switch 1-3 or using the ESC t software command. For the
Epson Extended Graphics character table, the ESC 6 and ESC 7
software commands let you select whether hex codes 80 to 9F are
characters (ESC 6) or control codes (ESC 7).
In the tables the first digit of each hex code is in the top row and
the second digit is in the first column. The binary digits are in the
second row and second column, and the decimal codes are in the
rectangle next to the character. For example, for an uppercase A,
the hex code is 41, the binary code is 01000001, and the decimal
code is 65.
A-6
Reference Tables
I,,
I?^
10
E. I KY” I
j
0000
I
'1'
0001
I
!
0010
I
3
14
0011
I
15
0100
I
!
0101
I
6
!
0110
I
7
18
0111
I
)
1000
I
9
/
1001
I
A
1
1010
I
B
1011
j
I
C
1100
(
I
D
1101
)
I
E
1100
(
I
F
1111
)
I 5
ii
0111
7
I/
Appendix B
Technical Specifications
Printer Specifications . . . . . . . . . .
Printing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paper . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mechanical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-2
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
B-2
B-3
B-5
B-5
B-6
Interface Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-7
Parallelinterface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B - 7
Serial interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B - 1 1
Initialization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-13
Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-14
Technical Specifications B-l
Printer Specifications
Printing
9-pin impact dot matrix
Printing method:
Printing speed:
Pitch
10
10
10
12
12
Quality
high-speed draft
normal draft
near letter quality
draft
near letter quality
Characters/second/line
533
400
80
480
96
Printing direction:
Bidirectional logic seeking for
text printing. Unidirectional for
graphics (can also be switched to
bidirectional by using the proper
software command).
Line spacing:
1/6-inch, 1 /&inch, or
programmable increments of
1/216th of an inch
Printable columns:
Pitch
10 pitch
10 pitch
10 pitch
12 pitch
12 pitch
12 pitch
B-2
double-wide
condensed
double-wide
condensed
Maximum printed characters
136
68
233
163
81
272
Technical Specifications
Buffer:
3Kbyte (DIP switch selectable
valid/invalid)
Character fonts:
Available pitches (char. per in.)
Character tables:
Standard ASCII character set
(plus italic characters)
13 international character sets
Epson Extended Graphics
character table
Paper
Paper feed methods:
Built-in front push feed tractor
Built-in rear push feed tractor
Pull tractor (optional)
Paper type:
Continuous-feed paper
Paper width:
4 to 16 inches (101.0 to 406.4mm)
Paper feed speed:
Approx. 17ms/line at 1/6-inch
line spacing during continuous
feeding
Approx. 28ms/line during
intermittent feeding
Technical Specifications B-3
Printable area:
Continuous paper
4 to 16 inches (101 to 406.4mm)
left margin-0.51 to 1.22 in.
right margin-0.51 in
I
1 0.35 in. or more
T
Paper thickness:
Front-up to 0.018 inches
(0.46 mm)
Rear-up to 0.012 inches
(0.30 mm)
Number of copies:
With continuous, multi-part
paper only:
Front-one original plus up to
five copies, maximum thickness
of 0.018 inches (0.46mm)
Rear-one original plus up to
three copies, maximum thickness
of 0.012 inches (0.30mm)
B-4
Technical Specifications
Mechanical
Ribbon:
Cartridge ribbon, available in
black only (#8766). Do not use
ribbons for 24-pin printers.
Life expectancy (in draft
characters, at 14 dot/character):
15 million characters
MCBF:
For all components excluding
print head: 13,500,OOO lines
MTBF:
6000 power-on hours
Print head life:
200 million characters
at 14 dots per character
Dimensions and
weight:
Height:
Width:
Depth:
Weight:
14.5 inches (367mm)
27.6 inches (700mm)
15.0 inches (382.5mm)
approx. 65 lbs. (30kg)
Electrical
Voltage:
120 VAC ± 10%
220 VAC ± 10%
240 VAC ± 10%
Power consumption:
600 watts maximum
Frequency:
49.5 to 60.5 Hz
B-5
Insulation resistance:
10 M ohms between AC power
line and chassis
Dielectric strength
(between AC line and
chassis):
Can withstand 1.5 KV rms
applied for 10 seconds or
1,250 V applied for one minute
Environmental
Temperature:
Operation: 41°F to 95°F
(5°C to 35°C)
Storage:
-22°F to 150°F
(-30°C to 65°C)
Humidity:
Operation: 10% to 80% RH
without condensation
Storage:
5% to 85% RH without
condensation
Shock:
Operation: Up to 1 G within 1 ms
Storage:
Up to 2 G within 1 ms
Vibration:
Operation: Up to .025 G at up to
55 Hz
Storage:
Up to 0.50 G at up to
55 Hz
B-6
Technical Specifications
Interface Specifications
The DFX-5000 is equipped with both a parallel and a serial
interface.
WARNING: Do not plug in the built-in parallel interface
cable and an optional interface cable at the same time
because this may damage your printer. However,
simultaneous attachment of the built-in serial interface
cable is possible with either built-in parallel or any
optional interface cable, but not both.
Parallel interface
Connector pin assignments and a description of their respective
interface signals are shown in the table on the following pages.
Signal
Pin
Return
Pin
Signal
1
19 STROBE
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
20
26
27
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
DATA
10
28
ACKNLG
::
23
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
DirecDescription
tion
IN STROBE pulse to read data in. Pulse
width must be more than 0.5
microseconds at the receiving terminal
IN These signals represent information of
IN the 1st to 8th bits of parallel data,
IN respectively, Each signal IS at HIGH level
IN when data is logical 1 and LOW when II I S
IN logical 0.
I:
IN
OUT About a 12-microsecond pulse. LOW
indicates that data has been received
and that the printer IS ready to accept
more data.
Technical Specifications B-7
B-8
Technical Specifications
Note:
l
*
All interface conditions are based on TTL level. Both the
rise and fall of each signal must be less than 0.2
microseconds.
Data transfer must be carried out by observing the
ACKNLG or BUSY signal. (Data transfer to this printer can
be carried out only after the receipt of the ACKNLG signal
or when the level of the BUSY signal is LOW).
The column heading "Direction" refers to the direction of
the signal flow as viewed from the printer.
“Return” denotes the twisted-pair return to be connected at
signal ground level. For the interface wiring, be sure to use a
twisted-pair cable for each signal and to complete: the
connection on the return side.
Interface timing
The figure below shows the timing for the parallel interface.
Technical Specifications B-9
Printing enabled/disabled signals and control conditions
The table below shows the relationship between printing being
enabled or disabled, the on line/off line status, and the receipt of
the data control characters, DC1 or DC3.
*While printing is disabled, character data is being received and
acknowledged so that the printer can look for another DC1
character, which would allow it to resume printing.
B-10
Technical Specifications
Serial interface
The DFX-5000 built-in serial interface is an RS-232C asynchronous
interface with the following characteristics.
Data format
1 start bit
Data word length: 8 bits
Odd, even, or no parity
1 stop bit
Signal level:
Mark (1) 3V to 27V
Space (0) +3V to +27V
Handshaking:
Handshaking by DTR signal
or X-on/X-off.
Vacant print buffer area
Printer status
Printer status
Down to 512 bytes
Cannot receive input
data
Can receive input data
Send X-OFF code or sets
DTR flag to 1 (Mark)
Sends X-ON code or sets
DTR flag to 0 (Space)
Rises to 784 bytes
Error handling:
When a parity error is detected,
your printer will print an
asterisk (*). All other errors are
ignored.
Technical Specifications
B-11
Pin assignment of the serial interface
l
The column heading “Direction” refers to the direction of
signal flow from the printer.
B-12
Technical Specifications
Initialization
There are three ways that the printer can be initialized (returned
to a fixed set of conditions) as listed in the table below.
Hardware Initialization
Software Initialization
l
l
l
The printer is turned on.
The printer receives an INIT signal at the
parallel interface (pin 31 goes LOW).
Software sends the ESC @ (initialize the
printer command).
These three kinds of initialization have slightly different effects.
All three methods reset the typestyle according to the default
settings selected by the DIP switches inside the front cover.
However, ESC @ does not initialize the printer mechanism, clear
the input data buffer, or clear the user-defined character set.
Technical Specifications
B-13
Default settings
The table below shows the default conditions that become valid
when the printer is initialized.
Default condition
Item
Print head position
On/off line status
Left and right margins
Line spacing
Page length
Top of form position
Tear-off position
Front/rear tractor selection
Vertical tab position
Horizontal tab position
Character pitch
Justification
Special printing effects
Input buffer
I
User-defined character set
B-14
Left side of carriage
On line
Cancelled
1/6-inch line spacing
Conforms to current DIP switch setting
Last setting by TOP OF FORM button
Last setting by TEAR OFF button
Last setting by PAPER SELECT button
Cleared
Every eight characters
Reset to current DIP switch setting
Left justification
Conforms to current DIP switch settings where
applicable. Other effects are cancelled.
Hardware: Cleared
Software: Not cleared
Hardware: Cleared
1
1 Software: Deselected only
Technical Specifications
Glossary
Note that these definitions apply specifically to printers. If a word
is italicized, see that topic for more information.
application program
A software program that helps you carry out a particular task
such as word processing or financial planning.
ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A
standardized coding system for assigning numerical codes to
letters and symbols.
automatic line feed
When this feature is turned on using a DIP switch, each carriage
return code (CR) is automatically accompanied by a line feed (LF)
code.
automatic tear-off
A feature that feeds the paper’s perforation to the tear-off position
and then feeds the paper back to the top of form position. This
position can be adjusted by using micro-feed when in the tear-off
mode.
baud rate
A measure of the speed of data transmission. Usually equivalent
to bits per second.
bidirectional printing
Printing in which the print head moves from left to right on every
other line and from right to left on the others. This increases the
speed of printing.
Glossary
GL-1
binary
See number systems.
bit
A binary digit (0 or 1), which is the smallest unit of information
used by a printer or computer. See also number systems.
buffer
See memory.
byte
A unit of information consisting of eight bits.
carriage return
The control code that returns the print position to the left margin.
When issued together with a line feed, the print position moves to
the left margin of the next line. (In bidirectional printing, the print
head does not always move to the left margin.)
character set
A collection of letters, numbers, and symbols that provides you
with the characters used in a particular language.
character table
A portion of a character set that can be used for graphic symbols
or italic characters. See also Epson Extended Graphics and italics.
characters per inch (cpi)
A measure of the size of text characters, often referred to as pitch.
10 cpi is the printer’s default setting.
condensed
Printing in which each character is approximately 60% of the
width of standard characters. Condensed printing is useful when
printing wide tables or spreadsheets.
GL-2
Glossary
continuous paper
Paper that has sprocket-feed holes on each side, is perforated
between pages, and comes in a folded stack. Also called fanfold
paper.
control code
Besides the codes for printable characters, the ASCII coding
system also includes 33 other codes called control codes. These
control codes perform such functions as sounding the beeper and
performing a carriage return or line feed.
cpi
See characters per inch.
data dump
A troubleshooting feature that helps advanced users detect the
cause of communication problems between the printer and
computer. When the printer is in data dump mode, it prints each
code that it receives in hexadecimal notation and ASCII code. Also
called hex dump.
decimal
See number systems.
default
A value or setting that takes effect when the equipment is turned
on, reset, or initialized.
DIP switches
Small switches in a printer that control various printer functions
and set the default status of the printer when it is turned on or
initialized. DIP stands for dual in-line package.
dot graphics
A graphic design formed by patterns of dots.
Glossary
GL-3
dot matrix
A method of printing in which each letter or symbol is formed by
a pattern (matrix) of individual dots.
double-strike printing
A way of producing bolder characters. Each character is printed
twice with the second character printed slightly below the first.
double-wide printing
Printing in which each character is twice its normal width.
draft
One of three print qualities available on your printer. Draft uses
less dots per character for faster printing. See also high-speed draft
and near letter quality.
emphasized printing
A way of producing darker characters. Each character is printed
twice, with the second character printed slightly to the right of the
first.
Epson Extended Graphics
The Epson Extended Graphics character table contains
international accented characters, Greek characters, and character
graphics for printing lines, corners, and shaded areas.
ESC (escape)
A special control code used to begin most printer commands.
ESC/P
Abbreviation for Epson Standard Code for Printers, a system of
commands that lets you control your printer using your
computer’s software. The system is standard for all Epson printers
and supported by most application software for personal
computers.
GL-4
Glossary
font
A style of type designated by a family name, such as Epson
Roman or Epson Sans Serif.
form
In printer terminology, a form is normally the equivalent of a page.
form feed
A control code and a control panel button. Each advance the
paper to the top of the next form.
front tractor
The built-in push tractor that lets you load paper from the front of
the printer. This tractor features bottom feeding, which is
especially useful for labels and multi-part forms.
front tractor arrow
The arrow-shaped light on the PAPER SELECT indicator that lights
up when the front tractor is selected. The arrow is green when
there is paper loaded in the tractor, even if the paper is in standby
position, and red when the tractor is out of paper.
front/rear button
A control panel button that lets you switch tractors automatically.
hexadecimal (hex)
See number systems.
high-speed draft
One of three print qualities available on your printer. High-speed
draft uses a minimum number of dots per character to produce
extremely high-speed printing. See also draft and near letter quality.
Glossary
GL-5
initialize
To establish the initial default status of the printer by turning the
printer on or sending an INIT signal.
input buffer
See memory.
interface
The connection between the computer and the printer. A parallel
interface transmits data one character or code at a time, and a
serial interface transmits data one bit at a time.
italics
A typestyle in which the characters slant. This sentence is italicized.
Also, a character table that contains italicized characters and
symbols.
line feed
A control code that advances the paper one line space.
line feed/load button
A control panel button that advances the paper one line or
automatically loads paper.
memory
The printer, like a computer, has a memory. When you print a file
from a computer, the contents of the file are transferred quickly
from the computer’ s memory to the printer’s memory. The
printer then prints information from its own memory. This frees
the computer to do other work while the printer is still working.
The printer memory is sometimes called the buffer, or the input
buffer.
GL-6
Glossary
micro-feed
A feature that adjusts the top of form, printing, and tear-off
positions.
near letter quality (NLQ)
One of three print qualities available on your printer. Near letter
quality reduces the print speed and increases the number of dots
per character to produce high-resolution characters. See also draft
and high-speed draft.
number systems
Three number systems are commonly used with printers:
Decimal is base 10 and uses the digits 0 through 9. (This is the
most familiar system.)
Hexadecimal (hex) is base 16 and uses the digits 0 through 9
and the letters A through F. This numbering system is
frequently used by programmers. Any decimal number
between 0 and 255 can be expressed by a two-digit hex number.
Binary is base 2 and uses only the digits 0 and 1. All
information in computer systems is handled in binary form to
represent electrical signals that are on or off. A binary digit is
often called a bit; any decimal number between 0 and 255 can
be expressed by an eight-bit binary number.
on line
When the printer is on line, it can communicate with the
computer connected to it. The ON LINE button controls the
printer’s on line/off line status.
paper bail
The part of the printer that holds the paper flat against the platen.
Glossary
GL-7
paper select indicator
The printer icon on the far right side of the control panel. This
indicator contains front and rear tractor arrows that light up to
show which tractor is selected. See also front tractor arrow and rear
tractor arrow.
parallel interface
See interface.
parity
A method for a computer and printer to check the reliability of
data transmission.
pitch
The number of characters per inch (cpi). The standard is 10 cpi.
platen
The silver plate behind the paper bail that provides a backing for
the printing.
print quality
Your printer has three types of print quality: draft, high-speed
draft, and near letter quality (NLQ). Draft and high-speed draft
are for high-speed, draft-quality jobs; NLQ is for final, polished
documents.
printing position
The position on the page where text or graphics will print. This
position is normally hidden behind the ribbon, but you can make
it visible by pressing the TOP OF FORM button. (Make sure you
press ON LINE afterward to exit.) The printing position can be
adjusted using micro-feed.
GL-8
Glossary
proportional printing
Printing in which the amount of space given to each character
varies. For example, an uppercase W receives much more space
than a lowercase i. ‘The result looks more like a typeset book than
a typewritten draft.
pull tractor
An optional paper feeder that is useful when printing on
preprinted or multi-part forms.
push tractor
A device that feeds continuous paper through the printer. Both
the front and rear built-in tractors are push tractors; they push the
paper through the printer to the print head.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The portion of the printer’s memory
that is used as a buffer and used for storing user-defined
characters.
rear tractor
The built-in push tractor that feeds paper from the rear of the
printer.
rear tractor arrow
The arrow-shaped light on the PAPER SELECT indicator that lights
up when the rear tractor is selected. The arrow is green when
there is paper loaded in the tractor, even if the paper is in standby
position, and red when the tractor is out of paper.
reset
To return a printer to its defaults by sending a command or an
INIT signal, or by turning the printer off and then back on again.
Glossary
GL-9
self test
A method of checking the operation of the printer. When the self
test is run, the printer prints out its current DIP switch settings
and the characters that are stored in its ROM.
serial interface
See interface.
standby position
The position the paper is in after you manually load it onto the
first few pins of the tractor sprockets. When the printer switches
tractors, it automatically reverses the previously loaded paper
back to this position.
tear-off button
A button that lets you use the automatic tear-off feature. See
automatic tear-off.
tear-off position
The position the printer feeds the paper to when you press the
TEAR OFF button. This position can be adjusted using micro-feed
so that the paper’s perforation meets the printer’s tear-off edge.
top of form position
The position on the paper that the printer recognizes as the first
printable line. The printer feeds the paper to this position when it
loads the paper. This position can be adjusted using micro-feed.
user-defined characters
Characters that are defined and stored in the printer by the user.
Also known as download characters.
GL-10
Glossary
Index
The commands in the command summary are not indexed here.
See pages 8-l through 8-7 to find where these are described.
A
American Standard Code for
Information Interchange, 4-8
Application programs, 1-32,
3-20-22
ASCII, 4-8
Assembling the printer, 1-10, 17
Auto line feed, 3-18
Automatic tear-off, 2-20-23
B
Bar, carriage support, 1-3
Baud rate, 3-19
Brackets, locking, 1-4
Buttons, 3-4-7
C
Cable, power, l-14 - 15
Carriage support bar, 1-3
Centronics, 1-24
Changing paper, 2-26-29
Character size, 4-5-6
Character tables, 3-13-15
Characters per inch, 4-4-5
Cleaning the printer, 5-2-3
Commands, 4-8 - 13, 8-l - 39
Computer, connecting to,
1-24-31
Condensed mode, 3-12, 3-22,
4-5-6
Connecting to computer,
1-24-31
Continuous paper. See Paper
Control panel, 3-2-7
Control panel buttons, 3-4-7
Country. See International
character sets
Cpi. See Characters per inch
D
Data dump mode, 7-6-7
Default settings, B-14
DIP switches, 3-8 - 19
Double-strike, 4-6
Double-wide, 4-5-6
Draft mode, 3-15 - 18, 4-2 - 4
E
Electrical specifications, B-5 - 6
Emphasized, 4-6
Enhancing your printing, 4-l, 7
Environmental specifications, B-6
Epson Extended Graphics
character table, 3-l 3-14, A-8
Escape sequences, 4-9
F
Fonts, 4-2-3
Form feed button, 3-4
Front tractor, loading 2-3-9
Front/rear button, 3-7
G
Guide, ribbon, 1-11, 1-13
Index-l
H
Hex dump. See Data dump
High-speed draft, 4-3-4
I
Indicator lights, 3-2-3
Initialization, B-13 - 14
Input buffer, 3-15
Interface boards, optional,
6-16-21
Interfaces. See Interface boards,
Parallel interface, Serial interface
International character sets,
3-16-17
Italics, 3-13, 3-15, 4-7, A-7
L
Labels, 2-30-31
Lights, 3-2-3
Line feed /load button, 3-5
Location, 1-4-6
Locking brackets, 1-4
M
Maintaining the printer, 5-2-7
Master Select, 4-11 - 13
Mechanical specifications, B-5
Micro feed button, 3-5-6. See
also Printing position, Top of
form position, Automatic tear-off
Multi-part forms, 2-30-31
N
Near letter quality, 3-15-16,
4-2-3
O
On line button, 3-4
On line light, 3-3
Options, 6-1 - 22
Index-2
P
Page length, 3-17
Panel, control, 3-2-7
Paper
changing, 2-26 - 29
loading, 2-2 16
positioning, 2-3
specifications, B-3 - 4
thickness, 2-2
Paper out light, 3-3
Paper select indicator, 3-3
Parallel interface
connecting, 1-25 - 28
DIP switch settings, 3-19
interface pin assignments, B-9
specifications, B-7 - B10
timing, B-9
Parity, 3-19
Parts, 1-2, 1-7
Pin assignments, See Parallel
interface, Serial interface
Pitch, character, 4-4-5
Place, choosing, 1-4-6
Positioning paper supply, 2-3
Power cable, 1-14-15
Power light, 3-2
Print quality, 4-2-4
Printer
parts, 1-2, 1-7
selection menu, 3-20
specifications, B-2, B6
stand, 1-5
weight, 1-2
Printing position, 2-19-20
Printing speed, 3-17-18
Problems, 7-2-6
Programs, application, 3-20-22
Proportional spacing, 4-4-5
Proportional width tables, A-2, -5
Protective materials, 1-3, 4
Pull tractor, 6-2-16
R
Ready light, 3-2
Rear tractor, loading, 2-9-13
Ribbon
installing, l-l0, 14
replacing, 5-3-7
Ribbon guide, 1-11, 1-13
RS-232C, 1-24
S
Self test, 1-15, 24
Sending commands to the
printer, 4-8-13
Serial interface
connecting, 1-28-31
DIP switch settings, 3-19
pin assignments, B-12
specifications, B-11
Setting up, 1-2 31
Size, character, 4-5-6
Skip over perforation, 3-18
Software. See Application
programs
Solutions, 7-2-6
Special paper, printing on,
2-30-31
Specifications, B-2-14
Spreadsheets, 3-21-22
Stand, printer, 1-5
Subscripts, 4-7
Superscripts, 4-7
Switches, DIP, 3-8-19
Technical specifications, B-2-14
Testing, 1-15-24
Timing, parallel interface, B-9
Top of form position, 2-17, 19
Top of form button, 3-6
Top of form light, 3-3
Tractor arrow lights, 3-3
Tractor, front. See Front tractor
Tractor, rear. See Rear tractor.
Tractor, pull. See Pull tractor
Tractors, switching between front
and rear, 2-24-26
Transporting the printer, 5-8-10
Troubleshooting, 7-2-7
U
Underlining, 4-7
w
Weight, printer, 1-2
Word processors, 3-21
Z
Zero, slashed 3-13
T
Tear off button, 3-5
Tear off light, 3-3
Tear-off. See Automatic tear-off.
Index-3
EPSON”
DFX-5000
Quick Reference
Commands Arranged by Topic
This section lists all the DFX commands. The numbers in the columns on the right are
the page numbers in Chapter 8 where a complete description of the command can be
found.
Printer operation/Data control
Overall printing style/Print size
Page
Code
IDec
1 Hex
1 ESCx
I120
I 78
ESC k
107
66
Select NLC! font
8-23
ESC !
33
21
Master select
624
ESC P
80
50
Select IO cpi
6-25
ESC h4
77
4D
Select 12 cpi
6-25
ESC p
1 SI (ESC Sl)
112
70
Function
1 Select NLQ or draft
I
Turn proportional mode on/off
I Select condensed mode
8-22
8-26
( 6-26
115
1 OF
DC2
18
12
Cancel condensed mode
6-27
SO (ESC SO)
14
OE
Select double-wide mode (one line)
8-27
DC4
20
14
Cancel double-wide mode (one line)
8-28
ESC W
87
57
Turn double-wide mode on/off
8-26
I
I
Print enhancement/Word processing
( ESCE
( 69
I 45
ESC F
) 70
46
Cancel emphasized mode
47
Select double-strike mode
ESC G
I 71
ESC H
ESC SO
[
~ESCSl
Select emphasized mode
I
a-29
8-29
72
46
I a3
1 53
1 Select superscript mode
1 6-30
I 53
] Select subscript mode
1 8-30
163
Cancel double-strike mode
1 8-29
6-30
I
ESCT
64
54
Cancel superscriptsubscript
ESC -
45
2D
Turn underlining on/off
6-31
ESC 4
52
34
Select italic mode
8-31
ESC 5
53
35
Cancel italic mode
0-32
ESC a
97
61
Select
6-32
ESC SP (space) I 32
120
1 Set intercharacter space
1 8-33
1116
I 74
1 Select character table
I 6-33
1
82
152
1 International character set
6-34
J
justification
6-31
Character sets
1 ESCt
ESCR
User-defined characters
1 ESC8
1 38
1 26 I Define user-defined characters
Printable code area expansion
Printable code area expansion
Graphics
1 Code
I
~ec
1
1
Hex
I
!
I
Function
Paae
-
I
ESC K
75
48
Select single-density graphics mode
8-37
ESC L
76
4c
Select double-density graphics mode
8-37
8-37
ESC Y
89
59
Select high-speed double-density graphics
ESCZ
90
5A
Select quadruple-density graphics mode
8-38
ESC l
42
2A
Select graphics mode
8-38
ESC 7
63
3F
Reassign graphics mode
8-39
ESC A
94
5E
Select g-pin graphics mode
6-39
DIP switch functions
Switch
Description
ON
OFF
l-1
Condensed mode on/off
Condensed
Normal
l-2
Slashed zero on/off
Not slashed
Slashed
I l-3
( Character table
( Graphics
I
Italics
1
I Input b u f f e r
1
1
ON
l-4
l-5
OFF
I
I
Draft
NLQ or dratt mode
NLQ
International character set
See table page 3-11
1-6
1-7
1-8
1 2-1
1 Page length
2-2
Dratt printing speed
2-3
)
2-4
I
2-5
I 11 inches
12 inches
Normal
Skip over perforation
1
ON
1
OFF
Auto line feed
1
ON
1
OFF
Interface type/parity
See table below
Baud rate
See table below
2-6
2-7
2-8
Interface/Paritv
selection
Interface type
Parity
Switch 2-5
I off
Parallel
Serial
Odd
Serial
Even
1
On
Serial
None
On
Switch 2-6
I off
cm
On
1
Baud Rate
Switch 2-7
Switch 2-8
o f f
4800 bps
Off
On
1200 bps
On
Off
300 bps
On
Qff
On
off
O
Baud rate selection
9600 bps
I
High
I
n
I
I
tear-off edge
paper separator cover
/ //
paper separator
back flap
serial interface
power
7
/
ground connector
parallel interface
interface cover
paper
plater
~~~~ ribbon mask
/
front cover
EPSON OVERSEAS MARKETING LOCATIONS
1
EPSON AMERICA, INC.
EPSON DEUTSCHLAND GmbH
20770 Madrona Avenue
Ziilpichar Stra!3e 6, 4000 Dtisseldorf 11
F.R. Germany
Phone: (0211) 56030
Telex: 8584786
Torrance CA 90503, U.S.A.
Phone: (2 13) 782.0770
Fax: (2 13) 782-5248
EPSON UK LTD.
EPSON FRANCE S. A.
Campus 100, Maylands Avenue,
Hemel Hempstead, Herts,
HP2 7EZ. U.K.
Phone: 442-61144
Telex: 5182467
68 bis, rue Marjolin 92300,
Levallois-Perret, France
Phone: (1) 4087-3737
Telex: 610657
EPSON AUSTRALIA PTY. LTD.
EPSON SINGAPORE PTE. LTD.
Unit 3, 17 Rodborough Road,
Frenchs Forest, NSW 2086, Australia
Phone: (2) 452-0666
Fax: (2) 975-1409
No. 1 Raffles Place #26-00
OUB Centre, Singapore 0104
Phone: 5330477
Fax: 5338119
EPSON HONG KONG LTD.
EPSON ELECTRONICS TRADING LTD.
(TAIWAN BRANCH)
25/F, Harbour Centre,
25 Harbour Road, Wanchai,
Hong Kong
Phone: 8314600
Telex: 65542
10F. No. 287 Nanking E. Road, Sec. 3.
Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C.
Phone: (02) 717-7360
Fax: (02) 712-9164
EPSON ITALIA S.p.A.
EPSON IBERICA, S.A.
V, le F. IIi Casiraghi. 427 20099
Paris, 152. 08036 Barcelona, Spain
Phone: 410-34-00
Fax: 439-95-17
SESTO S, GIOVANNI Ml, Italy
Phone: 2-262331
Fax: 2-2440750
SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION
(Hirooka Office)
80 Harashinden, Hirooka
Shiojiri-shi, Nagano-ken
399-07 Japan
Phone: (0263) 52-2552
1990 Nov. G-01
DFX-5000
EPSON AMERICA, INC. 2780 Lomita Boulevard, Torrance, California 90505
EPSON®
Printed in Japan 91.03-2
m
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