Draytek | Vigor130 | User`s guide | Draytek Vigor130 User`s guide

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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Vigor130 Series
VDSL2/ADSL2/2+ Modem
User’s Guide
Version: 1.0
Firmware version: V3.7.1
(For future update, please visit DrayTek web site)
Date: 5/06/2013
Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
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Copyright Information
Copyright
Declarations
Copyright 2013 All rights reserved. This publication contains information that is
protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language without written permission from the
copyright holders.
Trademarks
The following trademarks are used in this document:
z
Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.
z
Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Explorer are
trademarks of Microsoft Corp.
z
Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.
z
Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
manufacturers.
Safety Instructions and Approval
Safety
Instructions
Warranty
z
z
Read the installation guide thoroughly before you set up the modem.
The modem is a complicated electronic unit that may be repaired only be
authorized and qualified personnel. Do not try to open or repair the modem
yourself.
z
Do not place the modem in a damp or humid place, e.g. a bathroom.
z
The modem should be used in a sheltered area, within a temperature range of +5
to +40 Celsius.
z
Do not expose the modem to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The housing
and electronic components may be damaged by direct sunlight or heat sources.
z
Do not deploy the cable for LAN connection outdoor to prevent electronic shock
hazards.
z
Keep the package out of reach of children.
z
When you want to dispose of the modem, please follow local regulations on
conservation of the environment.
We warrant to the original end user (purchaser) that the modem will be free from any
defects in workmanship or materials for a period of one (1) year from the date of
purchase from the dealer. Please keep your purchase receipt in a safe place as it serves
as proof of date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase,
should the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or
materials, we will, at our discretion, repair or replace the defective products or
components, without charge for either parts or labor, to whatever extent we deem
necessary tore-store the product to proper operating condition. Any replacement will
consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal value, and
will be offered solely at our discretion. This warranty will not apply if the product is
modified, misused, tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal
working conditions. The warranty does not cover the bundled or licensed software of
other vendors. Defects which do not significantly affect the usability of the product will
not be covered by the warranty. We reserve the right to revise the manual and online
documentation and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without
obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes.
Be a Registered
Owner
Web registration is preferred. You can register your Vigor modem via
http://www.draytek.com.
Firmware & Tools
Updates
Due to the continuous evolution of DrayTek technology, all modems will be regularly
upgraded. Please consult the DrayTek web site for more information on newest
firmware, tools and documents.
http://www.draytek.com
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
European Community Declarations
Manufacturer:
Address:
Product:
DrayTek Corp.
No. 26, Fu Shing Road, HuKou Township, HsinChu Industrial Park, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan 303
Vigor130
DrayTek Corp. declares that Vigor130 is in compliance with the following essential requirements and other
relevant provisions of R&TTE Directive 1999/5/EEC.
The product conforms to the requirements of Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC by
complying with the requirements set forth in EN55022/Class B and EN55024/Class B.
The product conforms to the requirements of Low Voltage (LVD) Directive 2006/95/EC by complying with the
requirements set forth in EN60950-1.
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
z
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
z
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
z
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
z
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This product is designed for the DSL network throughout the EC region and Switzerland.
Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
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Table of Contents
Introduction .................................................................................................1
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation ................................................................................. 1
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors .............................................................................................. 2
1.3 Hardware Installation .............................................................................................................. 4
Basic Configuration ....................................................................................5
2.1 Accessing Web Page .............................................................................................................. 5
2.2 Changing Password ................................................................................................................ 6
2.3 Quick Start Wizard .................................................................................................................. 7
2.3.1 Setting PPPoE/PPPoA Connection .................................................................................. 7
2.3.2 Setting MPoA/Static or Dynamic Connection ................................................................. 10
2.4 Introducing Dashboard.......................................................................................................... 13
2.4.1 Virtual Panel ................................................................................................................... 13
2.4.2 Name with a Link ............................................................................................................ 14
2.4.3 Quick Access for Common Used Menu.......................................................................... 14
2.4.4 GUI Map ......................................................................................................................... 15
2.4.5 Web Console .................................................................................................................. 15
2.4.6 Config Backup ................................................................................................................ 16
2.5 Online Status......................................................................................................................... 17
2.5.1 Physical Connection ....................................................................................................... 17
2.5.2 Virtual WAN .................................................................................................................... 19
2.6 Saving Configuration............................................................................................................. 20
2.7 Registering Vigor Router....................................................................................................... 20
Advanced Configuration .................................................................................23
3.1 Internet Access...................................................................................................................... 23
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network......................................................................... 23
3.1.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 24
3.1.3 PPPoE/PPPoA................................................................................................................ 26
3.1.4 MPoA /Static or dynamic IP ............................................................................................ 28
3.1.5 IPv6................................................................................................................................. 31
3.1.6 Multi-PVCs...................................................................................................................... 36
3.1.7 Multi-VLAN...................................................................................................................... 40
3.2 LAN ....................................................................................................................................... 42
3.2.1 Basics of LAN ................................................................................................................. 42
3.2.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 44
3.2.3 Static Route .................................................................................................................... 49
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
3.2.4 Bind IP to MAC ............................................................................................................... 53
3.3 NAT ....................................................................................................................................... 55
3.3.1 Port Redirection .............................................................................................................. 56
3.3.2 DMZ Host........................................................................................................................ 59
3.3.3 Open Ports...................................................................................................................... 62
3.4 Firewall .................................................................................................................................. 64
3.4.1 Basics for Firewall........................................................................................................... 64
3.4.2 General Setup................................................................................................................. 66
3.4.3 Filter Setup ..................................................................................................................... 70
3.4.4 DoS Defense .................................................................................................................. 77
3.5 Objects Settings .................................................................................................................... 81
3.5.1 IP Object ......................................................................................................................... 81
3.5.2 IP Group ......................................................................................................................... 83
3.5.3 IPv6 Object ..................................................................................................................... 85
3.5.4 IPv6 Group...................................................................................................................... 87
3.5.5 Service Type Object ....................................................................................................... 88
3.5.6 Service Type Group........................................................................................................ 90
3.5.7 Keyword Object .............................................................................................................. 92
3.5.8 Keyword Group............................................................................................................... 94
3.5.9 File Extension Object...................................................................................................... 95
3.6 CSM Profile ........................................................................................................................... 96
3.6.1 URL Content Filter Profile............................................................................................... 97
3.7 Applications ......................................................................................................................... 101
3.7.1 Dynamic DNS ............................................................................................................... 101
3.7.2 Schedule ....................................................................................................................... 103
3.7.3 UPnP............................................................................................................................. 106
3.7.4 IGMP............................................................................................................................. 108
3.8 System Maintenance........................................................................................................... 109
3.8.1 System Status............................................................................................................... 109
3.8.2 TR-069 .......................................................................................................................... 111
3.8.3 Administrator Password................................................................................................ 112
3.8.4 Configuration Backup ................................................................................................... 113
3.8.5 Syslog/Mail Alert ........................................................................................................... 115
3.8.6 Time and Date .............................................................................................................. 117
3.8.7 Management................................................................................................................. 118
3.8.8 Reboot System ............................................................................................................. 120
3.8.9 Firmware Upgrade ........................................................................................................ 121
3.9 Diagnostics.......................................................................................................................... 122
3.9.1 Dial-out Triggering ........................................................................................................ 122
3.9.2 Routing Table ............................................................................................................... 123
3.9.3 ARP Cache Table ......................................................................................................... 124
3.9.4 IPv6 Neighbour Table ................................................................................................... 124
3.9.5 DHCP Table.................................................................................................................. 125
3.9.6 NAT Sessions Table ..................................................................................................... 126
3.9.7 Ping Diagnosis.............................................................................................................. 127
3.9.8 Data Flow Monitor......................................................................................................... 128
3.9.9 Trace Route .................................................................................................................. 130
3.9.10 TSPC Status ............................................................................................................... 131
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Application and Examples.......................................................................132
4.1 LAN – Created by Using NAT ............................................................................................. 132
Trouble Shooting......................................................................................135
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not.................................................................... 135
5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer Is OK or Not ................. 136
5.3 Pinging the Modem from Your Computer............................................................................ 138
5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not ........................................................................ 139
5.5 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary ................................................................ 139
5.6 Contacting Your Dealer ....................................................................................................... 140
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Introduction
Vigor130 Series is a VDSL2/ADSL2/2+ modem.
The object-based design used in SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection) firewall allows users to set
firewall policy with ease. It is flexible and makes your network be safe. By the way,
DoS/DDoS prevention and URL content filter strengthen the security outside and control
inside.
1.1 Web Configuration Buttons Explanation
Several main buttons appeared on the web pages are defined as the following:
Save and apply current settings.
Cancel current settings and recover to the previous saved settings.
Clear all the selections and parameters settings, including selection from
drop-down list. All the values must be reset with factory default settings.
Add new settings for specified item.
Edit the settings for the selected item.
Delete the selected item with the corresponding settings.
Note: For the other buttons shown on the web pages, please refer to Chapter 4 for detailed
explanation.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor modem, please get acquainted with the LED indicators and
connectors first.
LED
ACT
LAN
DoS
DSL
Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Status
Off
Blinking
On
Off
Blinking
On
Blinking
On
Blinking
Explanation
The system is not ready or is failed.
The system is ready and can work normally.
A normal connection is through its corresponding
port.
LAN is disconnected.
Data is transmitting (sending/receiving).
The DoS/DDoS function is active.
It will blink while detecting an attack.
DSL connection synchronized.
DSL connection is synchronizing.
2
Interface
Description
DSL
Connecter for accessing the Internet through VDSL2/ADSL2/2+.
LAN
Connecter for local networked devices.
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings.
Usage: Turn on the modem. Press the button and keep for more than 10
seconds. Then the modem will restart with the factory default
configuration.
ON/OFF: Power switch.
Connecter for a power adapter.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
1.3 Hardware Installation
This section will guide you to install the modem through hardware connection and configure
the modem’s settings through web browser.
Before starting to configure the modem, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect the DSL interface to the MODEM port of external splitter with a DSL line
cable.
2.
Connect the LAN port to your computer with a RJ-45 cable.
3.
Connect one end of the power adapter to the Power port of this device. Connect the
other end to the wall outlet of electricity.
4.
Power on the modem.
5.
Check the POWER, ACT, LAN, DSL and INTERNET LEDs to assure network
connections.
(For the detailed information of LED status, please refer to section 1.2.)
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Basic Configuration
For using the modem properly, it is necessary for you to change the password of web
configuration for security and adjust primary basic settings.
2.1 Accessing Web Page
1.
Make sure your PC connects to the modem correctly.
Notice: You may either simply set up your computer to get IP dynamically
from the modem or set up the IP address of the computer to be the same subnet
as the default IP address of Vigor modem 192.168.1.1. For the detailed
information, please refer to the later section - Trouble Shooting of the guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password. Please type “admin/admin” as the username
and password. Then click Login.
Notice: If you fail to access to the web configuration, please go to “Trouble
Shooting” for detecting and solving your problem.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
2.2 Changing Password
Please change the password for the original security of the modem.
1.
Access into the web user interface of Vigor130. The Main Screen will appear as
below.
2.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose Administrator Password/User
Password.
3.
Enter the login password (the default is blank) on the field of Old Password. Type
New Password. Then click OK to continue.
4.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web User Interface for this modem.
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2.3 Quick Start Wizard
Notice: Quick Start Wizard for user operation is the same as for administrator’s
operation.
The configuration provide here can help you to deploy and use the modem quickly.
2.3.1 Setting PPPoE/PPPoA Connection
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. It relies on two widely accepted
standards: PPP and Ethernet. It connects users through an Ethernet to the Internet with a
common broadband medium, such as a single DSL line, wireless device or cable modem. All
the users over the Ethernet can share a common connection.
PPPoE is used for most of DSL modem users. All local users can share one PPPoE
connection for accessing the Internet. Your service provider will provide you information
about user name, password, and authentication mode.
If your ISP provides you the PPPoE connection, please select PPPoE for this modem.
1.
Click Quick Start wizard.
2.
The first screen of Quick Start Wizard is entering login password of the web user
interface. After typing the password, please click Next.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
3.
You can configure the modem to access the Internet with different protocol/modes such
as PPPoE/PPPoA or MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP. The modem supports the ADSL
WAN interface for Internet access. In this case, choose PPPoE/PPPoA.
Available parameters are listed below:
Item
Description
For ADSL Only
You have to select an appropriate WAN connection type for
connecting to the Internet through this modem according to
the settings that your ISP provided.
Auto detect – Click it to detect suitable values below by the
modem automatically.
Encapsulation
Select an IP mode for this WAN interface. There are several
available modes for Internet access such as PPPoE,
PPPoA.
VPI
Stands for Virtual Path Identifier. It is an 8-bit header
inside each ATM cell that indicates where the cell should
be routed. The ATM, is a method of sending data in small
packets of fixed sizes. It is used for transferring data to
client computers.
VCI
Stands for Virtual Channel Identifier. It is a 16-bit field
inside ATM cell’s header that indicates the cell’s next
destination as it travels through the network. A virtual
channel is a logical connection between two end devices on
the network.
Fixed IP
Click Yes to specify a fixed IP for the modem. Otherwise,
click No (Dynamic IP) to allow the modem choosing a
dynamic IP. If you choose No, the following IP Address,
Subnet Mask and Default Gateway will not be changed.
IP Address
Assign an IP address for the protocol that you select.
Subnet Mask
Assign a subnet mask value for the protocol of
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4.
Item
Description
MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP.
Default Gateway
Assign an IP address to the gateway for the protocol of
MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP.
Primary DNS
Assign an IP address to the primary DNS.
Second DNS
Assign an IP address to the secondary DNS.
After finished the above settings, click Next to access into next page.
Available parameters are listed below:
Item
Description
User Name
Assign a specific valid user name provided by the ISP. It
will be used to access Internet.
Password
Assign a valid password provided by the ISP. It will be
used to access Internet.
Confirm Password
Retype the password.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
5.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
6.
Click Finish. The Quick Start Wizard Setup OK page will be displayed.
2.3.2 Setting MPoA/Static or Dynamic Connection
1.
Click Quick Start wizard.
2.
The first screen of Quick Start Wizard is entering login password of the web user
interface. After typing the password, please click Next.
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3.
You can configure the modem to access the Internet with different protocol/modes such
as PPPoE/PPPoA or MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP. The modem supports the ADSL
WAN interface for Internet access. In this case, choose MPoA/Static or Dynamic.
Available parameters are listed below:
Item
Description
For ADSL Only
You have to select an appropriate WAN connection type for
connecting to the Internet through this modem according to
the settings that your ISP provided.
Auto detect – Click it to detect suitable values below by the
modem automatically.
Encapsulation
Select an IP mode for this WAN interface. There are several
available modes for Internet access such as PPPoE,
PPPoA.
VPI
Stands for Virtual Path Identifier. It is an 8-bit header
inside each ATM cell that indicates where the cell should
be routed. The ATM, is a method of sending data in small
packets of fixed sizes. It is used for transferring data to
client computers.
VCI
Stands for Virtual Channel Identifier. It is a 16-bit field
inside ATM cell’s header that indicates the cell’s next
destination as it travels through the network. A virtual
channel is a logical connection between two end devices on
the network.
Fixed IP
Click Yes to specify a fixed IP for the modem. Otherwise,
click No (Dynamic IP) to allow the modem choosing a
dynamic IP. If you choose No, the following IP Address,
Subnet Mask and Default Gateway will not be changed.
IP Address
Assign an IP address for the protocol that you select.
Subnet Mask
Assign a subnet mask value for the protocol of
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Item
Description
MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP.
Default Gateway
Assign an IP address to the gateway for the protocol of
MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP.
Primary DNS
Assign an IP address to the primary DNS.
Second DNS
Assign an IP address to the secondary DNS.
4.
Click Next for viewing summary of such connection.
5.
Click Finish. The Quick Start Wizard Setup OK page will be displayed.
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2.4 Introducing Dashboard
The Dashboard (home page) shows the connection status including System Information, IPv4
Internet Access, IPv6 Internet Access, Interface (physical connection), Security and Quick Access.
2.4.1 Virtual Panel
On the top of the Dashboard, a virtual panel (simulating the physical panel of the modem)
displays the physical interface connection. It will be refreshed every five seconds.
Port
Color
Displayed
Explanation
LED (left side)
Black
It means the modem or the function is not working.
Green
It means the modem or the function is working.
For detailed information about the LED display, refer to 1.2 LED Indicators and
Connectors.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
2.4.2 Name with a Link
A name with a link (e.g., Router Name, Current Time, WAN1/LAN and etc.) below means
you can click it to open the configuration page for modification.
2.4.3 Quick Access for Common Used Menu
All the menu items can be accessed and arranged orderly on the left side of the main page for
your request. However, some important and common used menu items which can be
accessed in a quick way just for convenience.
Look at the right side of the Dashboard. You will find a group of common used functions
grouped under Quick Access.
The function links of System Status, Dynamic DNS, TR-069, Schedule, Syslog/Mail Alert,
and Firewall Object Setting are displayed here. Move your mouse cursor on any one of the
links and click on it. The corresponding setting page will be open immediately.
Note that there is a plus ( ) icon located on the left side of LAN. Click it to review the
LAN connection(s) used presently.
Host connected physically to the modem via LAN port(s) will be displayed with green
circles in the field of Connected.
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2.4.4 GUI Map
All the functions the modem supports are listed with table clearly in this page. Users can
click the function link to access into the setting page of the function for detailed
configuration. Click the icon on the top of the main screen to display all the functions.
2.4.5 Web Console
It is not necessary to use the telnet command via DOS prompt. The changes made by using
web console have the same effects as modified through web user interface. The
functions/settings modified under Web Console also can be reviewed on the web user
interface.
Click the Web Console icon on the top of the main screen to open the following screen.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
2.4.6 Config Backup
There is one way to store current used settings quickly by clicking the Config Backup icon.
It allows you to backup current settings as a file. Such configuration file can be restored by
using System Maintenance>>Configuration Backup.
Simply click the icon on the top of the main screen and a pop up dialog will appear.
Click Save to store the setting.
2.4.7 Logout
Click the Logout icon to exit the web user interface.
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2.5 Online Status
2.5.1 Physical Connection
Such page displays the physical connection status such as LAN connection status, WAN
connection status, ADSL information, and so on.
If you select PPPoE as the protocol, you will find out a link of Dial PPPoE or Drop PPPoE
in the Online Status web page.The online status shows the system status, WAN status, ADSL
Information and other status related to this modem within one page. If you select
PPPoE/PPPoA as the protocol, you will find out a link of Dial PPPoE or Drop PPPoE in
the Online Status web page.
Physical Connection for IPv4 Protocol
Detailed explanation is shown below:
Item
Description
LAN Status
Primary DNS-Display the primary DNS server address for
WAN interface.
Secondary DNS -Display the secondary DNS server
address for WAN interface.
IP Address-Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
TX Packets-Display the total transmitted packets at the
LAN interface.
RX Packets-Display the total received packets at the LAN
interface.
WAN Status
Enable – Yes in red means such interface is available but
not connected. Yes in green means such interface is
connected.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Item
Description
Line – Display the physical connection of this interface.
Name – Display the name of the modem.
Mode - Display the type of WAN connection (e.g., PPPoE).
Up Time - Display the total uptime of the interface.
IP - Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP - Display the IP address of the default gateway.
TX Packets - Display the total transmitted packets at the
WAN interface.
TX Rate - Display the speed of transmitted octets at the
WAN interface.
RX Packets - Display the total number of received packets
at the WAN interface.
RX Rate - Display the speed of received octets at the WAN
interface.
ADSL Information
ATM Statistics – Display the ATM layer information.
TX Cells –Display the total number of ATM transmission
cells.
RX Cells –Display the total number of ATM received cells.
TX CRC errs – Display the total number of transmission
CRC errors.
RX CRC errs –Display the total number of CRC errors
received.
ADSL Status –Display the ADSL layer information.
Mode – Display the type of ADSL mode, such as T1.413,
G.DMT, ADSL2+(G.992.5), and so on.
State – Display the ADSL connection status, such as
Ready, HANDSHAKING, SHOWTIME and so on.
Up Speed – Display the upstream rate.
Down Speed – Display the downstream rate.
SNR Margin – Display number of SRR Margin.
Loop Att .- Display the number of Loop Attenuation.
Physical Connection for IPv6 Protocol
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Detailed explanation (for IPv6) is shown below:
Item
Description
LAN Status
IP Address- Displays the IPv6 address of the LAN
interface..
TX Packets-Displays the total transmitted packets at the
LAN interface.
RX Packets-Displays the total received packets at the LAN
interface.
TX Bytes - Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the
LAN interface.
RX Bytes - Displays the speed of received octets at the
LAN interface.
WAN IPv6 Status
Enable – No in red means such interface is available but
not enabled. Yes in green means such interface is enabled.
No in red means such interface is not available.
Mode - Displays the type of WAN connection (e.g., TSPC).
Up Time - Displays the total uptime of the interface.
IP - Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
Gateway IP - Displays the IP address of the default
gateway.
Note: The words in green mean that the WAN connection of that interface (WAN1) is
ready for accessing Internet; the words in red mean that the WAN connection of that
interface (WAN1) is not ready for accessing Internet.
2.5.2 Virtual WAN
Such page displays the virtual WAN connection information.
Virtual WAN are used by TR-069 management, VoIP service and so on.
The Application field will list the purpose of such WAN connection.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Detailed explanation is shown below:
Item
Description
WAN Status
Enable – Yes in red means such interface is available but
not enabled. Yes in green means such interface is enabled.
Line – Display the physical connection (Ethernet, or USB)
of this interface.
Name – Display the name of the modem.
Mode - Display the type of WAN connection (e.g., PPPoE).
Up Time - Display the total uptime of the interface.
IP - Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP - Display the IP address of the default gateway.
TX Packets - Display the total transmitted packets at the
WAN interface.
TX Rate - Display the speed of transmitted octets at the
WAN interface.
RX Packets - Display the total number of received packets
at the WAN interface.
RX Rate - Display the speed of received octets at the WAN
interface.
2.6 Saving Configuration
Each time you click OK on the web page for saving the configuration, you can find
messages showing the system interaction with you.
Ready indicates the system is ready for you to input settings.
Settings Saved means your settings are saved once you click Finish or OK button.
2.7 Registering Vigor Router
You have finished the configuration of Quick Start Wizard and you can surf the Internet at
any time. Now it is the time to register your Vigor modem to MyVigor website for getting
more service. Please follow the steps below to finish the modem registration.
1
Again, login the web configuration interface of Vigor modem by typing
“admin/admin” as User Name / Password.
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2
Click Support Area>>Production Registration from the home page.
3
A Login page will be shown on the screen. Please type the account and password that
you created previously. And click Login. If not, please click Create an account now
link first to create a new account. Then, back to this setting page.
4
The following page will be displayed after you logging in MyVigor. From this page,
please click Add or Product Registration.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
5
When the following page appears, please type in Nickname (for the modem) and
choose the right registration date from the popup calendar (it appears when you click on
the box of Registration Date). After adding the basic information for the modem, please
click Submit.
6
When the following page appears, your modem information has been added to the
database.
7
Now, you have finished the product registration.
8
After clicking OK, you will see the following page. Your modem has been registered to
myvigor website successfully.
Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
22
Advanced Configuration
This chapter will guide users to execute advanced (full) configuration. As for other examples
of application, please refer to chapter 5.
1.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. The window will ask for
typing username and password.
2.
Please type “admin/admin” on Username/Password for administration operation.
Now, the Main Screen will appear. Note that “Admin mode” will be displayed on the
bottom left side.
3.1 Internet Access
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
modem. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go
to WAN group and click the Internet Access link.
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including modems, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under
the management of a modem since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the
NIC has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the modem plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor modem. The modem itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor modem will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the modem will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In ADSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is
required for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access
concentrator or aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with
significant ease of use. Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service
according to user requirement.
When a modem begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask
for a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated
via PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server,
and other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
Below shows the menu items for Internet Access.
3.1.2 General Setup
This section will introduce some general settings of Internet.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Display Name
Type the description for such WAN interface.
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24
Physical Mode
Display the physical mode of such WAN interface.
DSL Mode
Specify which DSL mode can be used for such WAN
connection.
Auto – The system will choose the suitable one
automatically.
VLAN Tag insertion
Enable – Enable the function of VLAN with tag.
The modem will add specific VLAN number to all packets
on the WAN while sending them out.
Please type the tag value and specify the priority for the
packets sending by WAN1.
Disable – Disable the function of VLAN with tag.
Tag value – Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The
range is form 0 to 4095.
Priority – Type the packet priority number for such VLAN.
The range is from 0 to 7.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
3.1.3 PPPoE/PPPoA
PPPoA, included in RFC1483, can be operated in either Logical Link Control-Subnetwork
Access Protocol or VC-Mux mode. As a CPE device, Vigor modem encapsulates the PPP
session based for transport across the ADSL loop and your ISP’s Digital Subscriber Line
Access Multiplexer (SDLAM).
To choose PPPoE or PPPoA as the accessing protocol of the internet, please select
PPPoE/PPPoA from the Internet Access menu. The following web page will be shown.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you
adjusted in this page will be invalid.
DSL Modem Settings
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These are
vital for building DSL connection to your ISP.
Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are
determined by the page of Internet Access – Multi PVCs.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
Encapsulating Type - Drop down the list to choose the type
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26
provided by ISP.
Protocol - Drop down the list to choose the protocol, PPPoE or
PPPoA.
Modulation – Choose a suitable method for PPPoE/PPoA
connection.
PPPoE Pass-through
The modem offers PPPoE dial-up connection. Besides, you
also can establish the PPPoE connection directly from local
clients to your ISP via the Vigor modem. When PPPoA
protocol is selected, the PPPoE package transmitted by PC will
be transformed into PPPoA package and sent to WAN server.
Thus, the PC can access Internet through such direction.
For Wired LAN – If you check this box, PCs on the same
network can use another set of PPPoE session (different with
the Host PC) to access into Internet. However, if this box is
checked in PPPoA protocol, only PPPoE clients on the LAN
will be served and only one session is allowed.
VLAN Enable - Enable the function of VLAN with tag. The
modem will add specific VLAN number to all packets while
sending them out. Please type the tag value and specify the
priority for the packets sent by the modem.
VLAN ID –Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The
range is form 1 to 4095.
Priority (802.1p) - Type the packet priority number for such
VLAN. The range is from 0 to 7.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
will be 1442.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your ISP.
If you want to connect to Internet all the time, you can check
Always On.
ISP Name – Type the name of the ISP if required.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this
field.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this
field.
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for
PPP.
Always On - If you want to connect to Internet all the time,
check the Always On box.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the Internet
after passing through the time without any action. This setting
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
is active only when the Active on demand option for Active
Mode is selected in WAN>> General Setup page.
IP Address From ISP
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each time
you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP provides
service to always assign you the same IP address whenever
you request. In this case, you can fill in this IP address in the
Fixed IP field. Please contact your ISP before you want to use
this function.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use
WAN IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other
than the current one you are using. Notice that this setting is
available for WAN1 only. Type the additional WAN IP
address and check the Enable box. Then click OK to exit the
dialog.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a fixed IP
address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC
Address or specify another MAC address by typing on the
boxes of MAC Address for the modem.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the
modem manually.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of
time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be set
previously in Applications >> Schedule web page and you
can use the number that you have set in that web page.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
3.1.4 MPoA /Static or dynamic IP
MPoA is a specification that enables ATM services to be integrated with existing LANs,
which use either Ethernet, token-ring or TCP/IP protocols. The goal of MPoA is to allow
different LANs to send packets to each other via an ATM backbone.
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
28
Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP
address to the WAN interface.
To use MPoA /Static or dynamic IP as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select MPoA
mode. The following web page will appear.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click Disable,
this function will be closed and all the settings that you
adjusted in this page will be invalid.
DSL Modem Settings
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These are
vital for building DSL connection to your ISP.
Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are
determined by the page of Internet Access – Multi PVCs.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
Encapsulating Type - Drop down the list to choose the type
provided by ISP.
Protocol - Drop down the list to choose the protocol, PPPoE or
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
PPPoA.
Modulation – Choose a suitable method for PPPoE/PPoA
connection.
VLAN Enable
Enable the function of VLAN with tag. The modem will add
specific VLAN number to all packets while sending them out.
Please type the tag value and specify the priority for the
packets sending by the modem.
VLAN ID –Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The
range is form 1 to 4095.
Priority (802.1p) - Type the packet priority number for such
VLAN. The range is from 0 to 7.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system to
execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference. TTL
value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
will be 1442.
RIP Protocol
Routing Information Protocol is abbreviated as RIP
(RFC1058)specifying how modems exchange routing tables
information. Click Enable RIP for activating this function.
Bridge Mode
If you choose Bridged IP as the protocol, you can check this
box to invoke the function. The modem will work as a bridge
modem.
WAN IP Network
Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically
and allows you type in IP address manually.
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to
obtain the IP address automatically.
Modem Name – Type in the modem name provided by ISP.
Domain Name – Type in the domain name that you have
assigned.
DHCP Client
Identifier for some ISP
This feature is offered for certain ISP with special request.
Enable – Check this box to enable the function of DHCP client
identifier for some ISP.
Username – Type a username used for such function.
Password – Type a password used for such function.
Specify an IP address
Click this radio button to specify some data.
WAN IP Alias - If you have multiple public IP addresses and
would like to utilize them on the WAN interface, please use
WAN IP Alias. You can set up to 8 public IP addresses other
than the current one you are using. Notice that this setting is
available for WAN1 only. Type the additional WAN IP
address and check the Enable box. Then click OK to exit the
dialog.
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30
IP Address – Type in the private IP address.
Subnet Mask – Type in the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address – Type in gateway IP address.
Default MAC Address
Type in MAC address for the modem. You can use Default
MAC Address or specify another MAC address for your
necessity.
MAC Address – Type in the MAC address for the modem
manually.
DNS Server IP
Address
Type in the primary IP address for the modem. If necessary,
type in secondary IP address for necessity in the future.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
3.1.5 IPv6
Offline
When Offline is selected, the IPv6 connection will be disabled.
PPP
During the procedure of IPv4 PPPoE connection, we can get the IPv6 Link Local Address
between the gateway and Vigor modem through IPv6CP. Later, use DHCPv6 or Accept RA
to acquire the IPv6 prefix address (such as: 2001:B010:7300:200::/64) offered by the ISP. In
addition, PCs under LAN also can have the public IPv6 address for Internet access by means
of the generated prefix.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
No need to type any other information for PPP mode.
Below shows an example for successful IPv6 connection based on PPPoE mode.
Note: At present, the IPv6 prefix can be acquired via the PPPoE mode connection
which is available for the areas such as Taiwan (hinet), the Netherlands, Australia and
UK.
TSPC
Tunnel setup protocol client (TSPC) is an application which could help you to connect to
IPv6 network easily.
Please make sure your IPv4 WAN connection is OK and apply one free account from hexago
(http://gogonet.gogo6.com/page/freenet6-account ) before you try to use TSPC for network
connection. TSPC would connect to tunnel broker and requests a tunnel according to the
specifications inside the configuration file. It gets a public IPv6 IP address and an IPv6
prefix from the tunnel broker and then monitors the state of the tunnel in background.
After getting the IPv6 prefix and starting modem advertisement daemon (RADVD), the PC
behind this modem can directly connect to IPv6 the Internet.
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32
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Username
Type the name obtained from the broker. It is suggested for
you to apply another username and password for
http://gogonet.gogo6.com/page/freenet6-account.
Password
Type the password assigned with the user name.
Confirm Password
Type the password again to make the confirmation.
Tunnel Broker
Type the address for the tunnel broker IP, FQDN or an
optional port number.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
AICCU
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Item
Description
Always
The IPv6 network connection will be always on when this box
is checked.
Username
Type the name obtained from the broker. Please apply new
account at http://www.sixxs.net/. It is suggested for you to
apply another username and password.
Password
Type the password assigned with the user name.
Confirm Password
Type the password again to make the confirmation.
Tunnel Broker
Type the address for the tunnel broker IP, FQDN or an
optional port number.
Subnet Prefix
Type the subnet prefix address getting from service provider
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
DHCPv6 Client
DHCPv6 client mode would use DHCPv6 protocol to obtain IPv6 address from server.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Identify Association
Choose Prefix Delegation or Non-temporary Address as the
identify association.
IAID
Type a number as IAID.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
Static IPv6
This type allows you to setup static IPv6 address for WAN interface.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Static IPv6 Address
configuration
IPv6 Address – Type the IPv6 Static IP Address.
Prefix Length – Type the fixed value for prefix length.
Add – Click it to add a new entry.
Delete – Click it to remove an existed entry.
Current IPv6 Address
Table
Display current interface IPv6 address.
Static IPv6 Gateway
Configuration
IPv6 Gateway Address - Type your IPv6 gateway address
here.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
3.1.6 Multi-PVCs
This modem allows you to create multi-PVCs for different data transferring for using.
Simply go to Internet Access and select Multi-PVC Setup page.
General
The system allows you to set up to eight channels which are ready for choosing as the first
PVC line that will be used as multi-PVCs.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Multi-PVCs
Setup
Check it to enable the multi-PVCs function.
Enable
Check this box to enable that channel. The channels that you
enabled here will be shown in the Multi-PVC channel drop
down list on the web page of Internet Access. Though you can
enable eight channels in this page, yet only one channel can be
chosen on the web page of Internet Access.
VPI
Type in the value provided by your ISP.
VCI
Type in the value provided by your ISP.
QoS Type
Select a proper QoS type for the channel.
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36
Protocol
Select a proper protocol for this channel.
Encapsulation
Choose a proper type for this channel. The types will be
different according to the protocol setting that you choose.
WAN link for Channel 3, 4 and 5 are provided for modem-borne application such as TR-069
and VoIP. The settings must be applied and obtained from your ISP. For your special request,
please contact with your ISP and then click WAN link of Channel 3 or 4 to configure your
modem.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
WAN for
Router-borne
Application
Choose the modem service for channel 5, 6 or 7.
Management - It can be specified for general management
(Web configuration/telnet/TR-069). If you choose
Management, the configuration for this PVC will be effective
for Web configuration/telnet/TR-069.
IPTV - It can be specified for IPTV only. If you choose IPTV,
the configuration for this PVC will be effective for IPTV data
transmitting and receiving.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
For other settings, refer to 3.1.3 PPPoE/PPPoA.
ATM QoS
Such configuration is applied to upstream packets. Such information will be provided by ISP.
Please contact with your ISP for detailed information.
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38
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item QoS Type
Description
Select a proper QoS type for the channel according to the
information that your ISP provides.
PCR
It represents Peak Cell Rate. The default setting is “0”.
SCR
It represents Sustainable Cell Rate. The value of SCR
must be smaller than PCR.
MBS
It represents Maximum Burst Size. The range of the value is
10 to 50.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
3.1.7 Multi-VLAN
This modem allows you to create multi-VLAN for different purposes of data transferring.
Simply go to WAN and select Multi-VLAN.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check it to enable such function.
Channel
Display the number of each channel.
Enable
Check this box to enable that channel. The channels that
you enabled here will be shown in the Multi-VLAN
channel drop down list on the web page of Internet Access.
Though you can enable eight channels in this page, yet only
one channel can be chosen on the web page of Internet
Access.
Add Tag
To identify the usage of VLAN, check this box to invoke
this setting. And type the number for VLAN ID (number).
Priority
To add the packet priority number for such VLAN. The
range is from 0 to 7.
WAN link for Channel 3, 4 and 5 are provided for router-borne application such as TR-069.
The settings must be applied and obtained from your ISP. For your special request, please
contact with your ISP and then click WAN link of Channel 3, 4 or 5 to configure your
modem.
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40
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
WAN for Router-borne
Application
Choose the modem service for channel 3, 4 or 5.
Management - It can be specified for general management
(Web configuration/telnet/TR069). If you choose
Management, the configuration for this VLAN will be
effective for Web configuration/telnet/TR069.
IPTV - It can be specified for IPTV only. If you choose
IPTV, the configuration for this VLAN will be effective for
IPTV data transmitting and receiving.
For other settings, refer to 3.3.3 PPPoE/PPPoA.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
3.2 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a group of subnets regulated and ruled by modem. The design
of network structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
3.2.1 Basics of LAN
The most generic function of Vigor modem is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own.
As mentioned previously, the modem will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using
public IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is
to translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right
packets to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor modem has a built-in DHCP server
that assigns private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly
understanding.
In some special case, you may have a public IP subnet from your ISP such as
220.135.240.0/24. This means that you can set up a public subnet or call second subnet that
each host is equipped with a public IP address. As a part of the public subnet, the Vigor
modem will serve for IP routing to help hosts in the public subnet to communicate with other
public hosts or servers outside. Therefore, the modem should be set as the gateway for public
hosts.
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What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor modem will exchange routing information with neighboring modems using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the modem such as IP
address and the modems will automatically inform for each other.
What is Static Route
When you have several subnets in your LAN, sometimes a more effective and quicker way
for connection is the Static routes function rather than other method. You may simply set
rules to forward data from one specified subnet to another specified subnet without the
presence of RIP.
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
3.2.2 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN. Open LAN>>General Setup.
Details Page for LAN1 – Ethernet TCP/IP and DHCP Setup
There are two configuration pages for LAN1, Ethernet TCP/IP and DHCP Setup (based on
IPv4) and IPv6 Setup. Click the tab for each type and refer to the following explanations for
detailed information.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
LAN IP Network
Configuration
For NAT Usage,
1st IP Address - Type in private IP address for connecting to
a local private network (Default: 192.168.1.1).
1st Subnet Mask - Type in an address code that determines
the size of the network. (Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
For IP Routing Usage - Click Enable to invoke this
function. The default setting is Disable.
2nd Address - Type in secondary IP address for connecting
to a subnet. (Default: 192.168.2.1/ 24)
2nd Subnet Mask - An address code that determines the
size of the network. (Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
2nd Subnet DHCP Server - You can configure the modem
to serve as a DHCP server for the 2nd subnet.
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44
z
Start IP Address: Enter a value of the IP address pool
for the DHCP server to start with when issuing IP
addresses. If the 2nd IP address of your modem is
220.135.240.1, the starting IP address must be
220.135.240.2 or greater, but smaller than
220.135.240.254.
z IP Pool Counts: Enter the number of IP addresses in
the pool. The maximum is 10. For example, if you
type 3 and the 2nd IP address of your modem is
220.135.240.1, the range of IP address by the DHCP
server will be from 220.135.240.2 to 220.135.240.11.
z MAC Address: Enter the MAC Address of the host
one by one and click Add to create a list of hosts to be
assigned, deleted or edited IP address from above
pool. Set a list of MAC Address for 2nd DHCP server
will help modem to assign the correct IP address of the
correct subnet to the correct host. So those hosts in 2nd
subnet won’t get an IP address belonging to 1st subnet.
RIP Protocol Control,
Disable - deactivate the RIP protocol. It will lead to a
stoppage of the exchange of routing information between
modems. (Default)
z 1st Subnet - Select the modem to change the RIP
information of the 1st subnet with neighboring
modems.
z 2nd Subnet - Select the modem to change the RIP
information of the 2nd subnet with neighboring
modems.
DHCP Server
Configuration
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
The modem by factory default acts a DHCP server for your
network so it automatically dispatch related IP settings to
any local user configured as a DHCP client. It is highly
recommended that you leave the modem enabled as a
DHCP server if you do not have a DHCP server for your
network.
If you want to use another DHCP server in the network
other than the Vigor Router’s, you can let Relay Agent help
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Vigor130 Series User’s Guide
you to redirect the DHCP request to the specified location.
Enable Server - Let the modem assign IP address to every
host in the LAN.
Disable Server – Let you manually assign IP address to
every host in the LAN.
Relay Agent – (1st subnet/2nd subnet) Specify which
subnet that DHCP server is located the relay agent should
redirect the DHCP request to.
DHCP Server IP Address –Set the IP address of the DHCP
server you are going to use so the Relay Agent can help to
forward the DHCP request to the DHCP server.
Start IP Address - Enter a value of the IP address pool for
the DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If
the 1st IP address of your modem is 192.168.1.1, the
starting IP address must be 192.168.1.2 or greater, but
smaller than 192.168.1.254.
IP Pool Counts - Enter the maximum number of PCs that
you want the DHCP server to assign IP addresses to. The
default is 50 and the maximum is 253.
Gateway IP Address - Enter a value of the gateway IP
address for the DHCP server. The value is usually as same
as the 1st IP address of the modem, which means the
modem is the default gateway.
Lease Time – Enter the time to determine how long the IP
address assigned by DHCP server can be used.
– If required, click it to set option number for DHCP.
Advanced
DHCP packets can be processed by adding option number
and data information when such function is enabled.
Enable/Disable – Enable/Disable the function of DHCP
Option. This modem allows you to add up to five Option
Numbers. Each DHCP option is composed by an option
number with data. For example,
Option number:100
Data: abcd
When such function is enabled, the specified values for
DHCP option will be seen in DHCP reply packets.
Option Number – Type a number for such function.
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46
Different number means different meaning. Please contact
with your ISP for obtaining the correct number value.
DataType – Choose the type (ASCII or Hex) for the data to
be calculated.
Data – Type the content of the data to be processed by the
function of DHCP option.
DNS Server IP Address
DNS stands for Domain Name System. Every Internet host
must have a unique IP address, also they may have a
human-friendly, easy to remember name such as
www.yahoo.com. The DNS server converts the
user-friendly name into its equivalent IP address.
Primary IP Address -You must specify a DNS server IP
address here because your ISP should provide you with
usually more than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not
provide it, the modem will automatically apply default DNS
Server IP address: 194.109.6.66 to this field.
Secondary IP Address - You can specify secondary DNS
server IP address here because your ISP often provides you
more than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it,
the modem will automatically apply default secondary DNS
Server IP address: 194.98.0.1 to this field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online
Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are
left empty, the modem will assign its own IP address to
local users as a DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS
cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS
cache, the modem will resolve the domain name
immediately. Otherwise, the modem forwards the DNS
query packet to the external DNS server by establishing a
WAN (e.g. DSL/Cable) connection.
Force router to use address for DNS- Force Vigor modem
to use DNS servers in this page instead of DNS servers
given by the Internet Access server (PPPoE, PPTP, L2TP or
DHCP server).
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
Details Page for LAN1 – IPv6 Setup
There are two configuration pages for LAN1, Ethernet TCP/IP and DHCP Setup (based on
IPv4) and IPv6 Setup. Click the tab for each type and refer to the following explanations for
detailed information. Below shows the settings page for IPv6.
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It provides 2 daemons for LAN side IPv6 address configuration. One is RADVD(stateless)
and the other is DHCPv6 Server (Stateful).
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
RADVD Configuration
Enable – Click it to enable RADVD server. The modem
advertisement daemon (radvd) sends Router Advertisement
messages, specified by RFC 2461, to a local Ethernet LAN
periodically and when requested by a node sending a Router
Solicitation message. These messages are required for IPv6
stateless auto-configuration.
Disable – Click it to disable RADVD server.
Advertisement Lifetime - The lifetime associated with the
default modem in units of seconds. It's used to control the
lifetime of the prefix. The maximum value corresponds to
18.2 hours. A lifetime of 0 indicates that the modem is not a
default modem and should not appear on the default modem
list.
DHCPv6 Server
Configuration
Enable Server –Click it to enable DHCPv6 server.
DHCPv6 Server could assign IPv6 address to PC according
to the Start/End IPv6 address configuration.
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Disable Server –Click it to disable DHCPv6 server.
Start IPv6 Address / End IPv6 Address –Type the start
and end address for IPv6 server.
DNS Server IPv6 Address
Primary DNS Sever – Type the IPv6 address for Primary
DNS server.
Secondary DNS Server –Type another IPv6 address for
DNS server if required.
Static IPv6 Address
configuration
IPv6 Address –Type static IPv6 address for LAN.
Prefix Length – Type the fixed value for prefix length.
Add – Click it to add a new entry.
Delete – Click it to remove an existed entry.
Current IPv6 Address
Table
Display current used IPv6 addresses.
When you finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page.
3.2.3 Static Route
Go to LAN to open setting page and choose Static Route. The modem offers IPv4 and IPv6
for you to configure the static route. Both protocols bring different web pages.
Static Route for IPv4
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
The number (1 to 10) under Index allows you to open next
page to set up static route.
Destination Address
Displays the destination address of the static route.
Status
Displays the status of the static route.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all of the settings and return to factory default
settings.
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Viewing Routing Table
Displays the routing table for your reference.
Add Static Routes to Private and Public Networks (based on IPv4)
Here is an example of setting Static Route in Main Modem so that user A and B locating in
different subnet can talk to each other via the modem. Assuming the Internet access has been
configured and the modem works properly:
z
use the Main Modem to surf the Internet.
z
create a private subnet 192.168.10.0 using an internal Modem A (192.168.1.2)
z
create a public subnet 211.100.88.0 via an internal Modem B (192.168.1.3).
z
have set Main Modem 192.168.1.1 as the default gateway for the Modem A
192.168.1.2.
Before setting Static Route, user A cannot talk to user B for Modem A can only forward
recognized packets to its default gateway Main Modem.
1.
Go to LAN page and click General Setup, select 1st Subnet as the RIP Protocol
Control. Then click the OK button.
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Note: There are two reasons that we have to apply RIP Protocol Control on 1st
Subnet. The first is that the LAN interface can exchange RIP packets with the
neighboring modems via the 1st subnet (192.168.1.0/24). The second is that those
hosts on the internal private subnets (ex. 192.168.10.0/24) can access the Internet
via the modem, and continuously exchange of IP routing information with different
subnets.
2.
Click the LAN - Static Route and click on the Index Number 1. Check the Enable
box. Please add a static route as shown below, which regulates all packets destined to
192.168.10.0 will be forwarded to 192.168.1.2. Click OK.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Click it to enable this profile.
Destination IP
Address
Type an IP address as the destination of such static route.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask for such static route.
Network Interface
Use the drop down list to specify an interface for such static
route.
3.
Return to Static Route Setup page. Click on another Index Number to add another
static route as show below, which regulates all packets destined to 211.100.88.0 will be
forwarded to 192.168.1.3.
4.
Go to Diagnostics and choose Routing Table to verify current routing table.
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Static Route for IPv6
You can set up to 40 profiles for IPv6 static route. Click the IPv6 tab to open the following
page:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
The number (1 to 40) under Index allows you to open next
page to set up static route.
Destination Address
Displays the destination address of the static route.
Status
Displays the status of the static route.
Set to Factory Default
Clear all of the settings and return to factory default
settings.
Viewing IPv6 Routing
Table
Displays the routing table for your reference.
Click any underline of index number to get the following page.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Click it to enable this profile.
Destination IPv6 Address
/ Prefix Len
Type the IP address with the prefix length for this entry.
Gateway IPv6 Address
Type the gateway address for this entry.
Network Interface
Use the drop down list to specify an interface for this static
route.
When you finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page.
3.2.4 Bind IP to MAC
This function is used to bind the IP and MAC address in LAN to have a strengthening
control in network. When this function is enabled, all the assigned IP and MAC address
binding together cannot be changed. If you modified the binding IP or MAC address, it
might cause you not access into the Internet.
Click LAN and click Bind IP to MAC to open the setup page.
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54
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Click this radio button to invoke this function. However,
IP/MAC which is not listed in IP Bind List also can connect
to Internet.
Disable
Click this radio button to disable this function. All the
settings on this page will be invalid.
Strict Bind
Click this radio button to block the connection of the
IP/MAC which is not listed in IP Bind List.
ARP Table
This table is the LAN ARP table of this modem. The
information for IP and MAC will be displayed in this field.
Each pair of IP and MAC address listed in ARP table can
be selected and added to IP Bind List by clicking Add
below.
Select All
Click this link to select all the items in the ARP table.
Sort
Reorder the table based on the IP address.
Refresh
Refresh the ARP table listed below to obtain the newest
ARP table information.
Add and Edit
IP Address – Type the IP address that will be used for the
specified MAC address.
Mac Address – Type the MAC address that is used to
bind with the assigned IP address.
Comment – Type a brief description for the entry.
Show Comment – Check this box to display the comment
on IP Bind List box.
IP Bind List
It displays a list for the IP bind to MAC information.
Add
It allows you to add the one you choose from the ARP table
or the IP/MAC address typed in Add or Update to the table
of IP Bind List.
Update
It allows you to edit and modify the selected IP address and
MAC address that you create before.
Delete
You can remove any item listed in IP Bind List. Simply
click and select the one, and click Delete. The selected item
will be removed from the IP Bind List.
Note: Before you select Strict Bind, you have to bind one set of IP/MAC address for one
PC. If not, no one of the PCs can access into Internet. And the web user interface of the
modem might not be accessed.
When you finish the configuration, click OK to save the settings.
3.3 NAT
Usually, the modem serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) modem. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
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Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
modem, the modem will change its source address into the public IP address of the modem,
select the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the modem shall list
an entry in a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public
server response, the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the modem’s public IP address
and the modem will do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can
communicate with external host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:
z
Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address.
NAT allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP
address, thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.
z
Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be
aware of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually we use
the 192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the modem. As stated before, the NAT facility can map one
or more IP addresses and/or service ports into different specified services. In other words,
the NAT function can be achieved by using port mapping methods.
Below shows the menu items for NAT.
3.3.1 Port Redirection
Port Redirection is usually set up for server related service inside the local network (LAN),
such as web servers, FTP servers, E-mail servers etc. Most of the case, you need a public IP
address for each server and this public IP address/domain name are recognized by all users.
Since the server is actually located inside the LAN, the network well protected by NAT of
the modem, and identified by its private IP address/port, the goal of Port Redirection
function is to forward all access request with public IP address from external users to the
mapping private IP address/port of the server.
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The port redirection can only apply to incoming traffic.
To use this function, please go to NAT page and choose Port Redirection web page. The
Port Redirection Table provides 20 port-mapping entries for the internal hosts.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Display the number of the profile.
Service Name
Display the description of the specific network service.
WAN Interface
Display the WAN IP address or interface used by the profile.
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Protocol
Display the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
Public Port
Display the port number which will be redirected to the
specified Private IP and Port of the internal host.
Private IP
Display the IP address of the internal host providing the
service.
Status
Display if the profile is enabled (v) or not (x).
Press any number under Index to access into next page for configuring port redirection.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check this box to enable such port redirection setting.
Mode
Two options (Single and Range) are provided here for you to
choose. To set a range for the specific service, select Range. In
Range mode, if the public port (start port and end port) and the
starting IP of private IP had been entered, the system will
calculate and display the ending IP of private IP automatically.
Service Name
Enter the description of the specific network service.
Protocol
Select the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
WAN IP
Select the WAN IP used for port redirection. There are eight
WAN IP alias that can be selected and used for port
redirection. The default setting is All which means all the
incoming data from any port will be redirected to specified
range of IP address and port.
Public Port
Specify which port can be redirected to the specified Private
IP and Port of the internal host. If you choose Range as the
port redirection mode, you will see two boxes on this field.
Simply type the required number on the first box. The second
one will be assigned automatically later.
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Private IP
Specify the private IP address of the internal host providing the
service. If you choose Range as the port redirection mode, you
will see two boxes on this field. Type a complete IP address in
the first box (as the starting point) and the fourth digits in the
second box (as the end point).
Private Port
Specify the private port number of the service offered by the
internal host.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
Note that the modem has its own built-in services (servers) such as Telnet, HTTP and FTP
etc. Since the common port numbers of these services (servers) are all the same, you may
need to reset the modem in order to avoid confliction.
For example, the built-in Web User Interface in the modem is with default port 80, which
may conflict with the web server in the local network, http://192.168.1.13:80. Therefore, you
need to change the modem’s http port to any one other than the default port 80 to avoid
conflict, such as 8080. This can be set in the System Maintenance >>Management Setup.
You then will access the admin screen of by suffixing the IP address with 8080, e.g.,
http://192.168.1.1:8080 instead of port 80.
3.3.2 DMZ Host
As mentioned above, Port Redirection can redirect incoming TCP/UDP or other traffic on
particular ports to the specific private IP address/port of host in the LAN. However, other IP
protocols, for example Protocols 50 (ESP) and 51 (AH), do not travel on a fixed port. Vigor
modem provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to a
single host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other
clients will continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined
internal user to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special
applications such as Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
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The inherent security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host.
We suggest you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Choose Private IP or Active True IP first.
Active True IP selection is available for WAN1 only.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose
PC to select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop
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up, as depicted below. The window consists of a list of private
IP addresses of all hosts in your LAN network. Select one
private IP address in the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above dialog,
the IP address will be shown on the following screen. Click
OK to save the setting.
If you previously have set up WAN Alias for PPPoE/PPPoA or MPoA mode, you will find
them in Aux. WAN IP for your selection.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check to enable the DMZ Host function.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose
PC to select one.
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Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop up,
as depicted below. The window consists of a list of private IP
addresses of all hosts in your LAN network. Select one private
IP address in the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above dialog,
the IP address will be shown on the following screen. Click
OK to save the setting.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.3.3 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
Click Open Ports to open the following page:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Indicate the relative number for the particular entry that you
want to offer service in a local host. You should click the
appropriate index number to edit or clear the corresponding
entry.
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Comment
Specify the name for the defined network service.
WAN Interface
Display the WAN interface used by such index.
Aux. WAN IP
Display the IP address defined in WAN Alias for
PPPoE/PPPoA or MPoA mode.
Local IP Address
Display the private IP address of the local host offering the
service.
Status
Display the state for the corresponding entry. X or V is to
represent the Inactive or Active state.
To add or edit port settings, click one index number on the page. The index entry setup page
will pop up. In each index entry, you can specify 10 port ranges for diverse services.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Open Ports
Check to enable this entry.
Comment
Make a name for the defined network application/service.
WAN Interface
Specify the WAN interface that will be used for this entry.
WAN IP
Specify the WAN IP address that will be used for this entry.
This setting is available when WAN IP Alias is configured.
Local Computer
Enter the private IP address of the local host or click
Choose PC to select one.
Choose PC - Click this button and, subsequently, a window
having a list of private IP addresses of local hosts will
automatically pop up. Select the appropriate IP address of
the local host in the list.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP,
or ----- (none) for selection.
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Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by
the local host.
End Port
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by
the local host.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.4 Firewall
3.4.1 Basics for Firewall
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth for multimedia, interactive applications,
or distance learning, security has been always the most concerned. The firewall of the Vigor
modem helps to protect your local network against attack from unauthorized outsiders. It
also restricts users in the local network from accessing the Internet. Furthermore, it can filter
out specific packets that trigger the modem to build an unwanted outgoing connection.
Firewall Facilities
The users on the LAN are provided with secured protection by the following firewall
facilities:
z
User-configurable IP filter (Call Filter/ Data Filter).
z
Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI): tracks packets and denies unsolicited incoming data
z
Selectable Denial of Service (DoS) /Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks protection
IP Filters
Depending on whether there is an existing Internet connection, or in other words “the WAN
link status is up or down”, the IP filter architecture categorizes traffic into two: Call Filter
and Data Filter.
z
Call Filter - When there is no existing Internet connection, Call Filter is applied to all
traffic, all of which should be outgoing. It will check packets according to the filter
rules. If legal, the packet will pass. Then the modem shall “initiate a call” to build the
Internet connection and send the packet to Internet.
z
Data Filter - When there is an existing Internet connection, Data Filter is applied to
incoming and outgoing traffic. It will check packets according to the filter rules. If legal,
the packet will pass the modem.
The following illustrations are flow charts explaining how modem will treat incoming traffic
and outgoing traffic respectively.
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Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
Stateful inspection is a firewall architecture that works at the network layer. Unlike legacy
static packet filtering, which examines a packet based on the information in its header,
stateful inspection builds up a state machine to track each connection traversing all interfaces
of the firewall and makes sure they are valid. The stateful firewall of Vigor modem not just
examine the header information also monitor the state of the connection.
URL Content Filter
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor modem equips with URL Content
Filter not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit
other web feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk
who won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide
a job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can
URL Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it
checks the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while
legacy firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor modem can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable
objects, such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once
downloading these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system.
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For example, an ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature.
If malicious code hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
Denial of Service (DoS) Defense
The DoS Defense functionality helps you to detect and mitigate the DoS attack. The attacks
are usually categorized into two types, the flooding-type attacks and the vulnerability attacks.
The flooding-type attacks will attempt to exhaust all your system's resource while the
vulnerability attacks will try to paralyze the system by offending the vulnerabilities of the
protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense function enables the Vigor modem to inspect every incoming packet based
on the attack signature database. Any malicious packet that might duplicate itself to paralyze
the host in the secure LAN will be strictly blocked and a Syslog message will be sent as
warning, if you set up Syslog server.
Also the Vigor modem monitors the traffic. Any abnormal traffic flow violating the
pre-defined parameter, such as the number of thresholds, is identified as an attack and the
Vigor modem will activate its defense mechanism to mitigate in a real-time manner.
The below shows the attack types that DoS/DDoS defense function can detect:
1. SYN flood attack
2. UDP flood attack
3. ICMP flood attack
4. Port Scan attack
5. IP options
6. Land attack
7. Smurf attack
8. Trace route
9. SYN fragment
10. Fraggle attack
11. TCP flag scan
12. Tear drop attack
13. Ping of Death attack
14. ICMP fragment
15. Unknown protocol
Below shows the menu items for Firewall.
3.4.2 General Setup
General Setup allows you to adjust settings of IP Filter and common options. Here you can
enable or disable the Call Filter or Data Filter. Under some circumstance, your filter set can
be linked to work in a serial manner. So here you assign the Start Filter Set only. Also you
can configure the Log Flag settings, Apply IP filter to VPN incoming packets, and Accept
incoming fragmented UDP packets.
Click Firewall and click General Setup to open the general setup page.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Call Filter
Check Enable to activate the Call Filter function. Assign a
start filter set for the Call Filter.
Data Filter
Check Enable to activate the Data Filter function. Assign a
start filter set for the Data Filter.
Accept large incoming…
Some on-line games (for example: Half Life) will use lots
of fragmented UDP packets to transfer game data.
Instinctively as a secure firewall, Vigor modem will reject
these fragmented packets to prevent attack unless you
enable “Accept large incoming fragmented UDP or
ICMP Packets”. By checking this box, you can play these
kinds of on-line games. If security concern is in higher
priority, you cannot enable “Accept large incoming
fragmented UDP or ICMP Packets”.
Enable Strict Security
Firewall
For the sake of security, the modem will execute strict
security checking for data transmission.
Such feature is enabled in default. All the packets, while
transmitting through Vigor modem, will be filtered by
firewall. If the firewall system (e.g., content filter server)
does not make any response (pass or block) for these
packets, then the modem’s firewall will block the packets
directly.
Default Rule Page
Such page allows you to choose filtering profiles including QoS, Load-Balance policy, WCF,
APP Enforcement, URL Content Filter, for data transmission via Vigor modem.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Filter
Select Pass or Block for the packets that do not match with
the filter rules.
Sessions Control
The number typed here is the total sessions of the packets
that do not match the filter rule configured in this page. The
default setting is 60000.
URL Content Filter
Select one of the URL Content Filter profile settings
(created in CSM>> URL Content Filter) for applying with
this modem. Please set at least one profile for choosing in
CSM>> URL Content Filter web page first. Or choose
[Create New] from the drop down list in this page to create
a new profile. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to
record information for URL Content Filter by checking
the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
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Advance Setting
Click Edit to open the following window. However, it is
strongly recommended to use the default settings here.
Codepage - This function is used to compare the characters
among different languages. Choose correct codepage can
help the system obtaining correct ASCII after decoding data
from URL and enhance the correctness of URL Content
Filter. The default value for this setting is ANSI 1252 Latin
I. If you do not choose any codepage, no decoding job of
URL will be processed. Please use the drop-down list to
choose a codepage.
If you do not have any idea of choosing suitable codepage,
please open Syslog. From Codepage Information of Setup
dialog, you will see the recommended codepage listed on
the dialog box.
Window size – It determines the size of TCP protocol
(0~65535). The more the value is, the better the
performance will be. However, if the network is not stable,
small value will be proper.
Session timeout – Setting timeout for sessions can make
the best utilization of network resources.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.4.3 Filter Setup
Click Firewall and click Filter Setup to open the setup page.
To edit or add a filter, click on the set number to edit the individual set. The following page
will be shown. Each filter set contains up to 7 rules. Click on the rule number button to edit
each rule. Check Active to enable the rule.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Filter Rule
Click a button numbered (1 ~ 7) to edit the filter rule. Click
the button will open Edit Filter Rule web page. For the
detailed information, refer to the following page.
Active
Enable or disable the filter rule.
Comment
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
23–character long.
Move Up/Down
Use Up or Down link to move the order of the filter rules.
Next Filter Set
Set the link to the next filter set to be executed after the
current filter run. Do not make a loop with many filter sets.
To edit Filter Rule, click the Filter Rule index button to enter the Filter Rule setup page.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Check to enable the Filter
Rule
Check this box to enable the filter rule.
Comments
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
14- character long.
Index(1-15)
Set PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval only. You
may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules
pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule setup. The
default setting of this field is blank and the function will
always work.
Clear sessions when
schedule ON
Check this box to clear the sessions when the above
schedule profiles are applied.
Direction
Set the direction of packet flow. It is for Data Filter only.
For the Call Filter, this setting is not available since Call
Filter is only applied to outgoing traffic.
Note: RT means routing domain for 2nd subnet or other
LAN.
Source/Destination IP
Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose the
source/destination IP or IP ranges.
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To set the IP address manually, please choose Any
Address/Single Address/Range Address/Subnet Address
as the Address Type and type them in this dialog. In
addition, if you want to use the IP range from defined
groups or objects, please choose Group and Objects as the
Address Type.
From the IP Group drop down list, choose the one that you
want to apply. Or use the IP Object drop down list to
choose the object that you want.
Service Type
Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose a
suitable service type.
To set the service type manually, please choose User
defined as the Service Type and type them in this dialog. In
addition, if you want to use the service type from defined
groups or objects, please choose Group and Objects as the
Service Type.
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Protocol - Specify the protocol(s) which this filter rule will
apply to.
Source/Destination Port –
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates a range for the port and available for this service
type.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it
indicates all the ports except the port defined here;
when the first and last values are different, it indicates that
all the ports except the range defined here are available for
this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for
this profile.
Service Group/Object - Use the drop down list to choose
the one that you want.
Fragments
Specify the action for fragmented packets. And it is used for
Data Filter only.
Don’t care -No action will be taken towards fragmented
packets.
Unfragmented -Apply the rule to unfragmented packets.
Fragmented - Apply the rule to fragmented packets.
Too Short - Apply the rule only to packets that are too short
to contain a complete header.
Filter
Specifies the action to be taken when packets match the rule.
Block Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be
dropped immediately.
Pass Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be
passed immediately.
Block If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule,
and that does not match further rules, will be dropped.
Pass If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule,
and that does not match further rules, will be passed
through.
Branch to other Filter Set
If the packet matches the filter rule, the next filter rule will
branch to the specified filter set. Select next filter rule to
branch from the drop-down menu. Be aware that the
modem will apply the specified filter rule for ever and will
not return to previous filter rule any more.
Sessions Control
The number typed here is the total sessions of the packets
that do not match the filter rule configured in this page. The
default setting is 60000.
MAC Bind IP
Strict –Make the MAC address and IP address settings
configured in IP Object for Source IP and Destination IP
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be bound for applying such filter rule.
No-Strict no limitation.
URL Content Filter
Select one of the URL Content Filter profile settings
(created in CSM>> URL Content Filter) for applying with
this modem. Please set at least one profile for choosing in
CSM>> URL Content Filter web page first. Or choose
[Create New] from the drop down list in this page to create
a new profile. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to
record information for URL Content Filter by checking
the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Advance Setting
Click Edit to open the following window. However, it is
strongly recommended to use the default settings here.
Codepage - This function is used to compare the characters
among different languages. Choose correct codepage can
help the system obtaining correct ASCII after decoding data
from URL and enhance the correctness of URL Content
Filter. The default value for this setting is ANSI 1252 Latin
I. If you do not choose any codepage, no decoding job of
URL will be processed. Please use the drop-down list to
choose a codepage.
If you do not have any idea of choosing suitable codepage,
please open Syslog. From Codepage Information of Setup
dialog, you will see the recommended codepage listed on
the dialog box.
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Window size – It determines the size of TCP protocol
(0~65535). The more the value is, the better the
performance will be. However, if the network is not stable,
small value will be proper.
Session timeout–Setting timeout for sessions can make the
best utilization of network resources. However, Queue
timeout is configured for TCP protocol only; session
timeout is configured for the data flow which matched with
the firewall rule.
DrayTek Banner – Please uncheck this box and the
following screen will not be shown for the unreachable web
page. The default setting is Enabled.
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Example
As stated before, all the traffic will be separated and arbitrated using on of two IP filters: call
filter or data filter. You may preset 12 call filters and data filters in Filter Setup and even
link them in a serial manner. Each filter set is composed by 7 filter rules, which can be
further defined. After that, in General Setup you may specify one set for call filter and one
set for data filter to execute first.
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3.4.4 DoS Defense
As a sub-functionality of IP Filter/Firewall, there are 15 types of detect/ defense function in
the DoS Defense setup. The DoS Defense functionality is disabled for default.
Click Firewall and click DoS Defense to open the setup page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Dos Defense
Check the box to activate the DoS Defense Functionality.
Select All
Click this button to select all the items listed below.
Enable SYN flood defense
Check the box to activate the SYN flood defense function.
Once detecting the Threshold of the TCP SYN packets from
the Internet has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor
modem will start to randomly discard the subsequent TCP
SYN packets for a period defined in Timeout. The goal for
this is prevent the TCP SYN packets’ attempt to exhaust the
limited-resource of Vigor modem.
By default, the threshold and timeout values are set to 50
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That
means, when 50 packets per second received, they will be
regarded as “attack event” and the session will be paused
for 10 seconds.
Enable UDP flood defense
Check the box to activate the UDP flood defense function.
Once detecting the Threshold of the UDP packets from the
Internet has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor modem
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will start to randomly discard the subsequent UDP packets
for a period defined in Timeout.
The default setting for threshold and timeout are 150 packets
per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That means, when
150 packets per second received, they will be regarded as
“attack event” and the session will be paused for 10
seconds.
Enable ICMP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the ICMP flood defense function.
Similar to the UDP flood defense function, once if the
Threshold of ICMP packets from Internet has exceeded the
defined value, the modem will discard the ICMP echo
requests coming from the Internet.
The default setting for threshold and timeout are 50 packets
per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That means, when
50 packets per second received, they will be regarded as
“attack event” and the session will be paused for 10
seconds.
Enable PortScan
detection
Port Scan attacks the Vigor modem by sending lots of
packets to many ports in an attempt to find ignorant services
would respond. Check the box to activate the Port Scan
detection. Whenever detecting this malicious exploration
behavior by monitoring the port-scanning Threshold rate,
the Vigor modem will send out a warning.
By default, the Vigor modem sets the threshold as 150
packets per second. That means, when 150 packets per
second received, they will be regarded as “attack event”.
Block IP options
Check the box to activate the Block IP options function.
The Vigor modem will ignore any IP packets with IP option
field in the datagram header. The reason for limitation is IP
option appears to be a vulnerability of the security for the
LAN because it will carry significant information, such as
security, TCC (closed user group) parameters, a series of
Internet addresses, routing messages...etc. An eavesdropper
outside might learn the details of your private networks.
Block Land
Check the box to enforce the Vigor modem to defense the
Land attacks. The Land attack combines the SYN attack
technology with IP spoofing. A Land attack occurs when an
attacker sends spoofed SYN packets with the identical
source and destination addresses, as well as the port number
to victims.
Block Smurf
Check the box to activate the Block Smurf function. The
Vigor modem will ignore any broadcasting ICMP echo
request.
Block trace router
Check the box to enforce the Vigor modem not to forward
any trace route packets.
Block SYN fragment
Check the box to activate the Block SYN fragment function.
The Vigor modem will drop any packets having SYN flag
and more fragment bit set.
Block Fraggle Attack
Check the box to activate the Block fraggle Attack function.
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Any broadcast UDP packets received from the Internet is
blocked.
Activating the DoS/DDoS defense functionality might
block some legal packets. For example, when you activate
the fraggle attack defense, all broadcast UDP packets
coming from the Internet are blocked. Therefore, the RIP
packets from the Internet might be dropped.
Block TCP flag scan
Check the box to activate the Block TCP flag scan function.
Any TCP packet with anomaly flag setting is dropped. Those
scanning activities include no flag scan, FIN without ACK
scan, SYN FINscan, Xmas scan and full Xmas scan.
Block Tear Drop
Check the box to activate the Block Tear Drop function.
Many machines may crash when receiving ICMP datagrams
(packets) that exceed the maximum length. To avoid this
type of attack, the Vigor modem is designed to be capable of
discarding any fragmented ICMP packets with a length
greater than 1024 octets.
Block Ping of Death
Check the box to activate the Block Ping of Death function.
This attack involves the perpetrator sending overlapping
packets to the target hosts so that those target hosts will
hang once they re-construct the packets. The Vigor modems
will block any packets realizing this attacking activity.
Block ICMP Fragment
Check the box to activate the Block ICMP fragment
function. Any ICMP packets with more fragment bit set are
dropped.
Block Unassigned
Numbers
Check the box to activate the Block Unknown Protocol
function. Individual IP packet has a protocol field in the
datagram header to indicate the protocol type running over
the upper layer. However, the protocol types greater than 100
are reserved and undefined at this time. Therefore, the
modem should have ability to detect and reject this kind of
packets.
Warning Messages
We provide Syslog function for user to retrieve message
from Vigor modem. The user, as a Syslog Server, shall
receive the report sending from Vigor modem which is a
Syslog Client.
All the warning messages related to DoS Defense will be
sent to user and user can review it through Syslog daemon.
Look for the keyword DoS in the message, followed by a
name to indicate what kind of attacks is detected.
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3.5 Objects Settings
For IPs in a range and service ports in a limited range usually will be applied in configuring
modem’s settings, therefore we can define them with objects and bind them with groups for
using conveniently. Later, we can select that object/group that can apply it. For example, all
the IPs in the same department can be defined with an IP object (a range of IP address).
3.5.1 IP Object
You can set up to 192 sets of IP Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
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2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose a proper interface.
For example, the Direction setting in Edit Filter Rule will
ask you specify IP or IP range for WAN or LAN or any IP
address. If you choose LAN as the Interface here, and
choose LAN as the direction setting in Edit Filter Rule,
then all the IP addresses specified with LAN interface will
be opened for you to choose in Edit Filter Rule page.
Address Type
Determine the address type for the IP address.
Select Single Address if this object contains one IP address
only.
Select Range Address if this object contains several IPs
within a range.
Select Subnet Address if this object contains one subnet
for IP address.
Select Any Address if this object contains any IP address.
Select Mac Address if this object contains Mac address.
MAC Address
Type the MAC address of the network card which will be
controlled.
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Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is
selected.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if the Subnet Address type is
selected.
Invert Selection
If it is checked, all the IP addresses except the ones listed
above will be applied later while it is chosen.
3. After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration. Below is
an example of IP objects settings.
3.5.2 IP Group
This page allows you to bind several IP objects into one IP group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
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Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose WAN, LAN or Any to display all the available IP
objects with the specified interface.
Available IP Objects
All the available IP objects with the specified interface
chosen above will be shown in this box.
Selected IP Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.3 IPv6 Object
You can set up to 64 sets of IPv6 Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
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Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Address Type
Determine the address type for the IPv6 address.
Select Single Address if this object contains one IPv6
address only.
Select Range Address if this object contains several IPv6s
within a range.
Select Subnet Address if this object contains one subnet
for IPv6 address.
Select Any Address if this object contains any IPv6
address.
Select Mac Address if this object contains Mac address.
Mac Address
Type the MAC address of the network card which will be
controlled.
Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is
selected.
Prefix Len
Type the number (e.g., 64) for the prefix length of IPv6
address.
Invert Selection
If it is checked, all the IPv6 addresses except the ones listed
above will be applied later while it is chosen.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.4 IPv6 Group
This page allows you to bind several IPv6 objects into one IPv6 group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
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3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Available IPv6
Objects
All the available IPv6 objects with the specified interface
chosen above will be shown in this box.
Selected IPv6 Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IPv6 objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.5.5 Service Type Object
You can set up to 96 sets of Service Type Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Protocol
Specify the protocol(s) which this profile will apply to.
Source/Destination
Port
Source Port and the Destination Port column are available
for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for other
protocols. The filter rule will filter out any port number.
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates a range for the port and available for this profile.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it
indicates all the ports except the port defined here;
when the first and last values are different, it indicates that
all the ports except the range defined here are available for
this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for
this profile.
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3.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.5.6 Service Type Group
This page allows you to bind several service types into one group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Group column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Available Service
Type Objects
All the available service objects that you have added on
Objects Setting>>Service Type Object will be shown in
this box.
Selected Service Type
Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.7 Keyword Object
You can set 200 keyword object profiles for choosing as black /white list in CSM >>URL
Web Content Filter Profile.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile, e.g., game. Maximum 15
characters are allowed.
Contents
Type the content for such profile. For example, type
gambling as Contents. When you browse the webpage, the
page with gambling information will be watched out and be
passed/blocked based on the configuration on Firewall
settings.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.8 Keyword Group
This page allows you to bind several keyword objects into one group. The keyword groups
set here will be chosen as black /white list in CSM >>URL /Web Content Filter Profile.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this group. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Available Keyword
Objects
You can gather keyword objects from Keyword Object
page within one keyword group. All the available
Keyword objects that you have created will be shown in
this box.
Selected Keyword
Objects
3.
Click
in this box.
button to add the selected Keyword objects
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.5.9 File Extension Object
This page allows you to set eight profiles which will be applied in CSM>>URL Content
Filter. All the files with the extension names specified in these profiles will be processed
according to the chosen action.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Profile column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for this profile. The maximum length of the
name you can set is 7 characters.
Type a name for such profile and check all the items of file extension that will be
processed in the modem. Finally, click OK to save this profile.
3.6 CSM Profile
Content Security Management (CSM)
CSM is an abbreviation of Content Security Management which is used to control IM/P2P
usage, filter the web content and URL content to reach a goal of security management.
URL Content Filter
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor modem equips with URL Content
Filter not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit
other web feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk
who won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide
a job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can
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URL Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it
checks the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while
legacy firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor modem can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable
objects, such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once
downloading these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system.
For example, an ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature.
If malicious code hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
For example, if you add key words such as “sex”, Vigor modem will limit web access to web
sites or web pages such as “www.sex.com”, ”www.backdoor.net/images/sex/p_386.html”.
Or you may simply specify the full or partial URL such as “www.sex.com” or “sex.com”.
3.6.1 URL Content Filter Profile
Click CSM and click URL Content Filter Profile to open the profile setting page.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Profile
Display the number of the profile which allows you to click
to set different policy.
Name
Display the name of the URL Content Filter Profile.
Administration Message
You can type the message manually for your necessity.
Default Message - Click this button to apply the default
message offered by the modem.
You can set eight profiles as URL content filter. Simply click the index number under Profile
to open the following web page.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile. The maximum length of
the name you can set is 15 characters.
Priority
It determines the action that this modem will apply.
Both: Pass – The modem will let all the packages that
match with the conditions specified in URL Access Control
and Web Feature below passing through. When you choose
this setting, both configuration set in this page for URL
Access Control and Web Feature will be inactive.
Both:Block –The modem will block all the packages that
match with the conditions specified in URL Access Control
and Web Feature below. When you choose this setting, both
configuration set in this page for URL Access Control and
Web Feature will be inactive.
Either: URL Access Control First – When all the
packages matching with the conditions specified in URL
Access Control and Web Feature below, such function can
determine the priority for the actions executed. For this one,
the modem will process the packages with the conditions
set below for URL first, then Web feature second.
Either: Web Feature First –When all the packages
matching with the conditions specified in URL Access
Control and Web Feature below, such function can
determine the priority for the actions executed. For this one,
the modem will process the packages with the conditions
set below for web feature first, then URL second.
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Log
None – There is no log file will be recorded for this profile.
Pass – Only the log about Pass will be recorded in Syslog.
Block – Only the log about Block will be recorded in
Syslog.
All – All the actions (Pass and Block) will be recorded in
Syslog.
URL Access Control
Enable URL Access Control - Check the box to activate
URL Access Control. Note that the priority for URL
Access Control is higher than Restrict Web Feature. If
the web content match the setting set in URL Access
Control, the modem will execute the action specified in this
field and ignore the action specified under Restrict Web
Feature.
Prevent web access from IP address - Check the box to
deny any web surfing activity using IP address, such as
http://202.6.3.2. The reason for this is to prevent someone
dodges the URL Access Control. You must clear your
browser cache first so that the URL content filtering facility
operates properly on a web page that you visited before.
Action – This setting is available only when Either : URL
Access Control First or Either : Web Feature First is
selected. Pass - Allow accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
Block - Restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the keywords listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the keyword set here, it
will be processed with reverse action.
Group/Object Selections – The Vigor modem provides
several frames for users to define keywords and each frame
supports multiple keywords. The keyword could be a noun,
a partial noun, or a complete URL string. Multiple
keywords within a frame are separated by space, comma, or
semicolon. In addition, the maximal length of each frame is
32-character long. After specifying keywords, the Vigor
modem will decline the connection request to the website
whose URL string matched to any user-defined keyword. It
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should be noticed that the more simplified the blocking
keyword list is, the more efficiently the Vigor modem
performs.
Web Feature
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Enable Restrict Web Feature - Check this box to make
the keyword being blocked or passed.
Action - This setting is available only when Either: URL
Access Control First or Either: Web Feature Firs is
selected. Pass allows accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
Pass - Allow accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the keywords listed on the box below.
Block - Restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the keywords listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the specified feature set
here, it will be processed with reverse action.
Cookie - Check the box to filter out the cookie transmission
from inside to outside world to protect the local user's
privacy.
Proxy - Check the box to reject any proxy transmission. To
control efficiently the limited-bandwidth usage, it will be of
great value to provide the blocking mechanism that filters
out the multimedia files downloading from web pages.
Upload – Check the box to block the file upload by way of
web page.
File Extension Profile – Choose one of the profiles that
you configured in Object Setting>> File Extension
Objects previously for passing or blocking the file
downloading.
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After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.7 Applications
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
3.7.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your modem changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the modem to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the modem is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the modem or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It
is particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the
modem.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The modem provides up to three accounts from three different
DDNS service providers. Basically, Vigor modems are compatible with the DDNS services
supplied by most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org,
www.no-ip.com, www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com.
You should visit their websites to register your own domain name for the modem.
Enable the Function and Add a Dynamic DNS Account
1.
Assume you have a registered domain name from the DDNS provider, say
hostname.dyndns.org, and an account with username: test and password: test.
2.
In the DDNS setup menu, check Enable Dynamic DNS Setup.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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3.
Item
Description
Enable Dynamic
DNS Setup
Check this box to enable DDNS function.
Set to Factory
Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
View Log
Display DDNS log status.
Force Update
Force the modem updates its information to DDNS server.
Auto-Update
interval
Set the time for the modem to perform auto update for
DDNS service.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page of DDNS setup to set account(s).
Domain Name
Display the domain name that you set on the setting page of
DDNS setup.
Active
Display if this account is active or inactive.
Select Index number 1 to add an account for the modem. Check Enable Dynamic DNS
Account, and choose correct Service Provider: dyndns.org, type the registered
hostname: hostname and domain name suffix: dyndns.org in the Domain Name block.
The following two blocks should be typed your account Login Name: test and
Password: test.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Dynamic
DNS Account
Check this box to enable the current account. If you did
check the box, you will see a check mark appeared on the
Active column of the previous web page in step 2).
Service Provider
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
Service Type
Select a service type (Dynamic, Custom or Static). If you
choose Custom, you can modify the domain that is chosen
in the Domain Name field.
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4.
Domain Name
Type in one domain name that you applied previously. Use
the drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Login Name
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Wildcard and
Backup MX
The Wildcard and Backup MX (Mail Exchange) features
are not supported for all Dynamic DNS providers. You
could get more detailed information from their websites.
Mail Extender
If the mail server is defined with another name, please type
the name in this area. Such mail server will be used as
backup mail exchange.
Force WAN IP
Update
When the IP address of the WAN interface in Vigor modem
is private IP, the system will detect the Public IP used by
the modem in front of Vigor modem and use that Public IP
to update DDNS server forcefully.
Determine Real
WAN IP
If a Vigor modem is installed behind any NAT modem, you
can enable such function to locate the real WAN IP.
When the WAN IP used by Vigor modem is private IP, this
function can detect the public IP used by the NAT modem
and use the detected IP address for DDNS update.
There are two methods offered for you to choose:
WAN IP - If it is selected and the WAN IP of Vigor
modem is private, DDNS update will take place right away.
Internet IP – If it is selected and the WAN IP of Vigor
modem is private, it will be converted to public IP before
DDNS update takes place.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
The Wildcard and Backup MX features are not supported for all Dynamic DNS providers.
You could get more detailed information from their websites.
Disable the Function and Clear all Dynamic DNS Accounts
In the DDNS setup menu, uncheck Enable Dynamic DNS Setup, and push Clear All button
to disable the function and clear all accounts from the modem.
Delete a Dynamic DNS Account
In the DDNS setup menu, click the Index number you want to delete and then push Clear
All button to delete the account.
3.7.2 Schedule
The Vigor modem has a built-in real time clock which can update itself manually or
automatically by means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only
schedule the modem to dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet
access to certain hours so that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say,
business hours. The schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor modem’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the modem. There is another way to set
up time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the
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modem’s clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built
up.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page of schedule.
Status
Display if this schedule setting is active or inactive.
You can set up to 15 schedules. Then you can apply them to your Internet Access settings.
To add a schedule:
1.
Click any index, say Index No. 1.
2.
The detailed settings of the call schedule with index 1 are shown below.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Schedule
Setup
Check to enable the schedule.
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3.
Start Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time (hh:mm)
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Duration Time
(hh:mm)
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
Action
Specify which action Call Schedule should apply during the
period of the schedule.
Force On -Force the connection to be always on.
Force Down -Force the connection to be always down.
Enable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be
dial-on-demand and the value of idle timeout should be
specified in Idle Timeout field.
Disable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be up
when it has traffic on the line. Once there is no traffic over
idle timeout, the connection will be down and never up
again during the schedule.
Idle Timeout
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
How often -Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Weekdays -Specify which days in one week should
perform the schedule.
Click OK button to save the settings.
Example
Suppose you want to control the PPPoE Internet access connection to be always on (Force
On) from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week. Other time the Internet access connection should be
disconnected (Force Down).
Office
Hour:
(Force On)
Mon - Sun
9:00 am
to
6:00 pm
1.
Make sure the PPPoE connection and Time Setup is working properly.
2.
Configure the PPPoE always on from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week.
3.
Configure the Force Down from 18:00 to next day 9:00 for whole week.
4.
Assign these two profiles to the PPPoE Internet access profile. Now, the PPPoE
Internet connection will follow the schedule order to perform Force On or Force
Down action according to the time plan that has been pre-defined in the schedule
profiles.
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3.7.3 UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT
modems, the major feature of UPnP on the modem is “NAT Traversal”. This enables
applications inside the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through
a modem. It is more reliable than requiring a modem to work out by itself which ports need
to be opened. Further, the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ.
UPnP is available on Windows XP and the modem provide the associated support for MSN
Messenger to allow full use of the voice, video and messaging features.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable UPNP Service
Accordingly, you can enable either the Connection Control
Service or Connection Status Service.
Default WAN
It is used to specify the WAN interface for applying such
function.
The default setting is Default WAN.
After setting Enable UPNP Service setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on
Modem on Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and
control status will be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the
multimedia features of your applications to operate. This has to manually set up port
mappings or use other similar methods. The screenshots below show examples of this
facility.
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The UPnP facility on the modem enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger
to discover what are behind a NAT modem. The application will also learn the external IP
address and configure port mappings on the modem. Subsequently, such a facility forwards
packets from the external ports of the modem to the internal ports used by the application.
The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some
network ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You
should consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
¾ Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches.
¾ Non-privileged users can control some modem functions, including removing and
adding port mappings.
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The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
3.7.4 IGMP
IGMP is the abbreviation of Internet Group Management Protocol. It is a communication
protocol which is mainly used for managing the membership of Internet Protocol multicast
groups.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable IGMP Proxy
Check this box to enable this function. The application of
multicast will be executed through WAN port. In addition,
such function is available in NAT mode.
Refresh
Click this link to renew the working multicast group status.
Group ID
This field displays the ID port for the multicast group. The
available range for IGMP starts from 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.254.
P1
It indicates the LAN port used for the multicast group.
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3.8 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
Status, Administrator Password, Configuration Backup, Syslog, Time setup, Reboot System,
Firmware Upgrade.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
3.8.1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor modem. It includes LAN and
WAN interface information. Also, you could get the current running firmware version or
firmware related information from this presentation.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Model Name
Display the model name of the modem.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the modem.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
LAN
MAC Address
- Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
1st IP Address
- Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
1st Subnet Mask
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- Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
DHCP Server
- Display the current status of DHCP server of the LAN
interface
DNS
- Display the assigned IP address of the primary DNS.
WAN
Link Status
- Display current connection status.
MAC Address
- Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
Connection
- Display the connection type.
IP Address
- Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
- Display the assigned IP address of the default gateway.
IPv6
Address - Display the IPv6 address for LAN.
Scope - Display the scope of IPv6 address. For example,
IPv6 Link Local could only be used for direct IPv6 link. It
can't be used for IPv6 internet.
Internet Access Mode – Display the connection mode
chosen for accessing into Internet.
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3.8.2 TR-069
This device supports TR-069 standard. It is very convenient for an administrator to manage a
TR-069 device through an Auto Configuration Server, e.g., VigorACS.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
ACS Server On
Choose the interface for the modem connecting to ACS
server.
ACS Server
URL/Username/Password – Such data must be typed
according to the ACS (Auto Configuration Server) you
want to link. Please refer to Auto Configuration Server
user’s manual for detailed information.
CPE Client
Such information is useful for Auto Configuration Server.
Enable/Disable – Allow/Deny the CPE Client to connect
with Auto Configuration Server.
Port – Sometimes, port conflict might be occurred. To
solve such problem, you might change port number for
CPE.
Periodic Inform Settings
The default setting is Enable. Please set interval time or
schedule time for the modem to send notification to CPE.
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Or click Disable to close the mechanism of notification.
STUN Settings
The default is Disable. If you click Enable, please type the
relational settings listed below:
Server IP – Type the IP address of the STUN server.
Server Port – Type the port number of the STUN server.
Minimum Keep Alive Period – If STUN is enabled, the
CPE must send binding request to the server for the purpose
of maintaining the binding in the Gateway. Please type a
number as the minimum period. The default setting is “60
seconds”.
Maximum Keep Alive Period – If STUN is enabled, the
CPE must send binding request to the server for the purpose
of maintaining the binding in the Gateway. Please type a
number as the maximum period. A value of “-1” indicates
that no maximum period is specified.
3.8.3 Administrator Password
This page allows you to set new password.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is “admin”.
New Password
Type in new password in this field.
Confirm Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access
into the Web User Interface again.
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3.8.4 Configuration Backup
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will
be popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Backup button to get into the following dialog. Click Save button to open
another dialog for saving configuration as a file.
3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name
by yourself.
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4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or
Linux platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Note: Backup for Certification must be done independently. The Configuration Backup
does not include information of Certificate.
Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will
be popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Browse button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the
modem.
3.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that
the restoration procedure is successful.
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3.8.5 Syslog/Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor modem. There is no bother to directly get
into the Web User Interface of the modem or borrow debug equipments.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
SysLog Access Setup
Enable - Check Enable to activate function of syslog.
Syslog Save to – Check Syslog Server to save the log to
Syslog server.
Router Name
Display the name for such modem configured in System
Maintenance>>Management.
If there is no name here, simply lick the link to access into
System Maintenance>>Management to set the modem
name.
Server IP Address -The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port - Assign a port for the Syslog protocol.
Enable syslog message - Check the box listed on this web
page to send the corresponding message of firewall, VPN,
User Access, Call, WAN, Router/DSL information to
Syslog.
Mail Alert Setup
Check “Enable” to activate function of mail alert.
Send a test e-mail - Make a simple test for the e-mail
address specified in this page. Please assign the mail
address first and click this button to execute a test for verify
the mail address is available or not.
SMTP Server - The IP address of the SMTP server.
Mail To - Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Return-Path - Assign a path for receiving the mail from
outside.
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Authentication - Check this box to activate this function
while using e-mail application.
User Name - Type the user name for authentication.
Password - Type the password for authentication.
Enable E-mail Alert - Check the box to send alert message
to the e-mail box while the modem detects the item you
specify here.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the Modem Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on
the Modem Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the modem you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the modem.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the modem.
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3.8.6 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the modem should be inquired from.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Use Browser Time
Select this option to use the browser time from the remote
administrator PC host as modem’s system time.
Use Internet Time
Select to inquire time information from Time Server on the
Internet using assigned protocol.
Time Protocol
Select a time protocol.
Server IP Address
Type the IP address of the time server.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the modem is located.
Enable Daylight Saving
Check the box to enable the daylight saving. Such feature is
available for certain area.
Automatically Update
Interval
Select a time interval for updating from the NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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3.8.7 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for access control, access list, port setup, and
SNMP setup.
The management pages for IPv4 and IPv6 protocols are different.
For IPv4
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Router Name
Type in the modem name provided by ISP.
Management Access
Control
Allow management from the Internet - Enable the
checkbox to allow system administrators to login from the
Internet. There are several servers provided by the system to
allow you managing the modem from Internet. Check the
box(es) to specify.
Disable PING from the Internet - Check the checkbox to
reject all PING packets from the Internet. For security issue,
this function is enabled by default.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list. A
maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
List IP - Indicate an IP address allowed to login to the
modem.
Subnet Mask - Represent a subnet mask allowed to login to
the modem.
Management Port Setup
User Defined Ports - Check to specify user-defined port
numbers for the Telnet, HTTP and FTP servers.
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Default Ports - Check to use standard port numbers for the
Telnet and HTTP servers.
SNMP
Enable SNMP Agent - Check it to enable this function..
Get Community - Set the name for getting community by
typing a proper character. The default setting is public.
Set Community - Set community by typing a proper name.
The default setting is private.
Manager Host IP - Set one host as the manager to execute
SNMP function. Please type in IPv4 address to specify
certain host.
Trap Community - Set trap community by typing a proper
name. The default setting is public.
Notification Host IP - Set the IPv4 address of the host that
will receive the trap community.
Trap Timeout - The default setting is 10 seconds.
For IPv6
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Management Access
Control
Enable the checkbox to allow system administrators to login
from the Internet. There are several servers provided by the
system to allow you managing the modem from Internet.
Check the box(es) to specify.
Enable PING from the Internet - Check the checkbox
to enable all PING packets from the Internet. For security
issue, this function is disabled by default.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list. A
maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
IPv6 Address /Prefix Length- Indicate the IP address(es)
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allowed to login to the modem.
3.8.8 Reboot System
The Web User Interface may be used to restart your modem. Click Reboot System from
System Maintenance to open the following page.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time schedule for performing
system reboot. All the schedules can be set previously in Applications >> Schedule web
page and you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
If you want to reboot the modem using the current configuration, check Using current
configuration and click Reboot Now. To reset the modem settings to default values, check
Using factory default configuration and click Reboot Now. The modem will take 5
seconds to reboot the system.
Note: When the system pops up Reboot System web page after you configure web settings,
please click OK to reboot your modem for ensuring normal operation and preventing
unexpected errors of the modem in the future.
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3.8.9 Firmware Upgrade
Before upgrading your modem firmware, you need to install the Modem Tools. The
Firmware Upgrade Utility is included in the tools. The following web page will guide you
to upgrade firmware by using an example. Note that this example is running over Windows
OS (Operating System).
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site or FTP site. The DrayTek web site
is www.draytek.com (or local DrayTek's web site) and FTP site is ftp.draytek.com.
Click System Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Click OK. The following screen will appear. Please execute the firmware upgrade utility
first.
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3.9 Diagnostics
Diagnostic Tools provide a useful way to view or diagnose the status of your Vigor modem.
Below shows the menu items for Diagnostics.
3.9.1 Dial-out Triggering
Click Diagnostics and click Dial-out Trigger to open the web page. The internet connection
(e.g., PPPoE, PPPoA, etc) is triggered by a package sending from the source IP address.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Decoded Format
It shows the source IP address (local), destination IP
(remote) address, the protocol and length of the package.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.9.2 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.9.3 ARP Cache Table
Click Diagnostics and click ARP Cache Table to view the content of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) cache held in the modem. The table shows a mapping between an
Ethernet hardware address (MAC Address) and an IP address.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Clear
Click it to clear the whole table.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.9.4 IPv6 Neighbour Table
The table shows a mapping between an Ethernet hardware address (MAC Address) and an
IPv6 address. This information is helpful in diagnosing network problems, such as IP address
conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click IPv6 Neighbour Table to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.9.5 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
It displays the connection item number.
IP Address
It displays the IP address assigned by this modem for
specified PC.
MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the specified PC that
DHCP assigned IP address for it.
Leased Time
It displays the leased time of the specified PC.
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HOST ID
It displays the host ID name of the specified PC.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.9.6 NAT Sessions Table
Click Diagnostics and click NAT Sessions Table to open the list page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Private IP:Port
It indicates the source IP address and port of local PC.
#Pseudo Port
It indicates the temporary port of the modem used for NAT.
Peer IP:Port
It indicates the destination IP address and port of remote
host.
Interface
It displays the representing number for different interface.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.9.7 Ping Diagnosis
Click Diagnostics and click Ping Diagnosis to pen the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
IPV4 /IPV6
Choose the interface for such function.
Ping through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that
you want to ping through or choose Unspecified to be
determined by the modem automatically.
Ping to
Use the drop down list to choose the destination that you
want to ping.
IP Address
Type the IP address of the Host/IP that you want to ping.
Ping IPv6 Address
Type the IPv6 address that you want to ping.
Run
Click this button to start the ping work. The result will be
displayed on the screen.
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Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
3.9.8 Data Flow Monitor
This page displays the running procedure for the IP address monitored and refreshes the data
in an interval of several seconds.
Click Diagnostics and click Data Flow Monitor to open the web page. You can click IP
Address, TX rate, RX rate or Session link for arranging the data display.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Data Flow
Monitor
Check this box to enable this function.
Refresh Seconds
Use the drop down list to choose the time interval of
refreshing data flow that will be done by the system
automatically.
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
Index
Display the number of the data flow.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the monitored device.
TX rate (kbps)
Display the transmission speed of the monitored device.
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RX rate (kbps)
Display the receiving speed of the monitored device.
Sessions
Display the session number that you specified in Limit
Session web page.
Action
Block - can prevent specified PC accessing into Internet
within 5 minutes.
Unblock – the device with the IP address will be blocked in
five minutes. The remaining time will be shown on the
session column.
Current /Peak/Speed
Current means current transmission rate and receiving rate
for WAN interface.
Peak means the highest peak value detected by the modem
in data transmission.
Speed means line speed specified in WAN>>General
Setup. If you do not specify any rate at that page, here will
display Auto for instead.
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3.9.9 Trace Route
Click Diagnostics and click Trace Route to open the web page. This page allows you to
trace the routes from modem to the host. Simply type the IP address of the host in the box
and click Run. The result of route trace will be shown on the screen.
or
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
IPv4 / IPv6
Click one of them to display corresponding information for
it.
Protocol
Use the drop down list to choose the protocol that you want
to ping through.
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Host/IP Address
It indicates the IP address of the host.
Trace Host/IP Address
It indicates the IPv6 address of the host.
Run
Click this button to start route tracing work.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
3.9.10 TSPC Status
IPv6 TSPC status web page could help you to diagnose the connection status of TSPC.
If TSPC has configured properly, the modem will display the following page when the user
connects to tunnel broker successfully.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
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Application and Examples
4.1 LAN – Created by Using NAT
An example of default setting and the corresponding deployment are shown below. The
default Vigor modem private IP address/Subnet Mask is 192.168.1.1/255.255.255.0. The
built-in DHCP server is enabled so it assigns every local NATed host an IP address of
192.168.1.x starting from 192.168.1.10.
You can just set the settings wrapped inside the red rectangles to fit the request of NAT
usage.
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To use another DHCP server in the network rather than the built-in one of Vigor Modem, you
have to change the settings as show below.
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Trouble Shooting
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the modem and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below
to check your basic installation status stage by stage.
z
Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.
z
Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.
z
Pinging the modem from your computer.
z
Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.
z
Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the modem still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer for advanced help.
5.1 Checking If the Hardware Status Is OK or Not
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
1.
Check the power line and DSL/LAN cable connections.
Refer to “1.3 Hardware Installation” for details.
2.
Power on the modem. Make sure the ACT LED and LAN LED are bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“1.3 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
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5.2 Checking If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer Is OK or Not
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure
the network connection settings is OK.
For Windows
The example is based on Windows XP. As to the examples for other operation
systems, please refer to the similar steps or find support notes in
www.draytek.com.
1.
Go to Control Panel and then double-click on Network Connections.
2.
Right-click on Local Area Connection and click on Properties.
3.
Select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
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4.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically.
For MacOs
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure
IPv4.
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5.3 Pinging the Modem from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the modem is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might
need to use “ping” command to check the link status of the modem. The most important
thing is that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the
IP address of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP
automatically. (Please refer to the section 5.2)
Please follow the steps below to ping the modem correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/ 2000/XP/Vista).
The DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For MacOs (Terminal)
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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5.4 Checking If the ISP Settings are OK or Not
Click Internet Access group and then check whether the ISP settings are set correctly.
5.5 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the modem by software or hardware.
Warning: After pressing factory default setting, you will loose all settings you did
before. Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing. The
password of factory default is null.
Software Reset
You can reset the modem to factory default via Web page.
Go to System Maintenance and choose Reboot System on the web page. The following
screen will appear. Choose Using factory default configuration and click OK. After few
seconds, the modem will return all the settings to the factory settings.
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Hardware Reset
While the modem is running, press the Factory Reset button and hold for more than 5
seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the button. Then, the
modem will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the modem again
to fit your personal request.
5.6 Contacting Your Dealer
If the modem still cannot work correctly after trying many efforts, please contact your dealer
for further help right away. For any questions, please feel free to send e-mail to
support@draytek.com.
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