Ardent HF65R Instruction manual

SOLID FUEL SPACE HEATER
Box 3637, Smithers, BC V0J 2N0
Model HF65R
INSTALLATION AND OPERATION INSTRUCTION MANUAL
PLEASE
KEEP THESE
INSTRUCTIONS
FOR FUTURE
REFERENCE
Operation
Maintenance
Installation
DEAR CUSTOMER:
You have purchased what we feel is possibly the best wood burning heating system in North America today!
You will find that your ARDENT ENERGY heater will operate much differently than the old fashion fire boxes of the
past, offering vastly reduced creosote deposits and an extended burn time.
It is in your best interest to become familiar with your ARDENT ENERGY heating system, study your Installation Manual carefully before attempting to install your heating system. Avoid discarding your Installation Manual, as it may be
used for future reference.
In the event you wish to add optional equipment to your unit at a later date, please inform your ARDENT ENERGY
dealer. The serial number of your heater should be included with your order to assure prompt and accurate service.
We congratulate you on your choice of the ARDENT ENERGY heating system and may your home fires keep burning!
Yours truly,
ARDENT ENERGY Inc
J G (Hans) Duerichen PEng
President
August 2000 (ver 11)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
Fuel
The bypass damber
Lighting
Reloading
MAINTENANCE
Ash removal
Door
Draft control
Brick
Exterior
Hot water system
INSTALLATION
Location and clearances
Installation procedure
Connection to chimney
Chimney
Chimney termination
INSTALLATION OF OPTIONS
Wall thermostat kit
Water heating system
REPLACEMENT PARTS LIST
REPLACEMENT PARTS ILLUSTRATION
WARRANTY
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Model HF65R
3
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
WARNING !
THESE OPERATOR SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS SHOULD BE
TYPE OF FUEL
Wood, any species
COMBUSTION SYSTEM
Down-feed progressive cross—
draft design with a constant
preheat secondary air system.
TEMPERATURE CONTROL
Manual bimetallic thermostat
with optional electric wall thermostat
FIREBOX LINING
Firebrick 32 mm X 114 mm X
229 mm (1 1/4” X 4 1/2” X 9” )
BODY
2.6 mm, 3.5 mm & 8 mm
(12 GA, 10 GA & 5/l6”) Steel
DOORS
Constant center push design
with 5/8 dia. glass fiber rope
seal.
ASH REMOVAL
Approximately every 1—3
months as needed.
READ CAREFULLY!
DO NOT DESTROY
PLEASE RETAIN FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
1.
Fire door must be latched shut at all times when fire is
burning. Open only to reload or check fire.
2.
When reloading or checking fire, pull open bypass lever
first, then open door very slowly.
3.
All combustible material, including firewood, must be a
minimum of 460 mm (l8”) from unit.
4.
Do not hang any combustible material above unit.
5.
Burn wood only!
6.
Do not use gasoline type lantern fuel, kerosene, charcoal
lighter fluid or similar liquids to start or freshen up a fire in
this heater. Keep all such liquids well away from the heater
while it is in use.
•
•
OPTIONS
•
Wall Thermostat
Domestic hot water heating coils
Air Circulation Fan
Chimney Fires
BY-PASS DAMPER
When wood heats up, wood gases and water vapor
are given off. If these gases are not burned off in the
stove, they condense in the stove pipes and chimney. This buildup is called creosote. This usually happens when a heater is at low heat setting. At high
heat settings most of the gases are burned.
FLUE OUTLET
HEAT
DEFLECTOR
WALL
THERMOSTAT
CONTROL
A chimney fire occurs when creosote in the chimney
ignites, usually when the heater is turned up high
after a period of low burn.
Check your chimney pipe daily for creosote buildup
until experience shows how often cleaning is necessary. Running the heater wide open with bypass
pulled out for 30 minutes periodically (about once a
week) will minimize creosote buildup. If creosote
buildup is 6 mm (1/4”) or more, clean or have the
chimney cleaned mechanically.
In the event of an uncontrolled chimney fire, shut the
bypass damper and turn down the draft damper completely. (On thermostat models—turn down thermostat).
If chimney fire does not die down, keep a watch on
fire and prepare to vacate the house.
SECONDARY
AIR HEATEXCHANGER
DRAFT
DAMPER
FAN
FIG. 1
If needed, call the fire department.
NOTE:
1.
2.
Establish a routine for the storage of fuel, care of
wood burner and firing technique. Be aware that during mild weather and low heater temperatures, more
creosote is deposited and more frequent cleanings
are necessitated.
All ARDENT ENERGY heating units are designed
with double walled sides and insulated doors. This
keeps the exterior of the units relatively cool. However, children must be taught to respect all wood
burning appliances and not to play around or with
them.
RATING
(Kw)
(BTU/hr)
1,300—18,000
5,000—65,000
SIZE
(mm)
(in.)
610 x 965 x 865 H
24 x 38 x 34 H
WEIGHT
(Kg)
(lbs.)
218
480
FUEL CAPACITY
(liters)
(cu ft)
140
5
MAX. FUEL SIZE
(mm)
(in.)
255 dia x 510 long
10 dia x 20 long
FLUE OUTLET
(mm)
(in.)
178 dia
7 dia
Model HF65R
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
4
RELOADING
ARDENT ENERGY units are especially designed for controllability. With the optional thermostat kit, your house will be heated to
within 1 degree Celsius of your thermostat setting.
1.
Have wood on hand to load firebox.
2.
Open bypass lever for 30 seconds.
The following operating instruction MUST BE FOLLOWED
CAREFULLY for satisfactory operation.
3.
Open the door SLOWLY. Allow the chimney to draw
off smoke
FUEL
4.
Load wood.
Do not burn any fuel but wood.
5.
Close door and push by pass lever in.
Do not burn driftwood. Salt corrosion is not covered under warranty.
DO NOT OVER-FIRE UNIT BY LEAVING DOOR OPEN EXCEPT TO LIGHT AND TO CHECK FIRE.
Wood should be dry. Green wood can be burned. However, It
should be noted when using green wood that:
Operation with door ajar voids warranty.
1.
The amount of wood that you need is increased by
approximately 20% when using green compared to
dry wood.
2.
The wood has to be in smaller pieces.
3.
More frequent fueling is necessary.
4.
Creosote formation may increase.
5.
The fire has to be started with dry wood until a good
bed of coals is formed.
6.
Heat output will be considerably lower.
7.
Do not use grate or elevate fire.
BYPASS DAMPER
NOTE: Cleanest burning conditions occur when the fuel wood
has been reduced to charcoal. To minimize creosote buildup,
load the unit with just enough wood to last until the next loading
time. This will ensure that the fuel is in charcoal form for a good
portion of the burn cycle. Of course, the unit can be loaded to
capacity during extremely cold weather or when extended intervals between loadings are anticipated.
MAINTENANCE
DAILY
Check chimney and pipe for creosote build-up until experience
shows how often cleaning is necessary. Periodically
(about once week) run unit at maximum with bypass open for 30
minutes to bake any creosote in the chimney and pipes. This
should greatly reduce frequency of cleaning.
When the bypass damper is open (i.e. bypass rod
pulled out) combustion will take place within the entire
firebox. Operate the heating unit with bypass control
rod pulled out when quick heat is required, and when
starting the unit.
AS NEEDED
2.
When desired house temperature has been achieved,
push bypass rod in.
ASH REMOVAL
3.
Whenever there is a fire burning, the bypass lever
should be open for 30 seconds before the door is
slowly opened.
1.
LIGHTING
Before lighting, the bottom of the unit must be covered with one
inch of sand or ash. After lighting, leave the door open a crack for
a few minutes for the wood to catch then latch door shut. The
bypass should be left open long enough to allow the chimney and
the heater to reach operating temperature and so create a good
draft. Do not use a grate or elevated fire; build wood fire directly
on hearth.
NOTE: Fire door must be latched shut at all times except for
loading fuel or checking fire.
Any creosote buildup in chimney and pipe over 6 mm (1/4”)
should be removed mechanically. OPEN BYPASS BEFORE
CLEANING CHIMNEY
Ashes should be removed once they reach a depth of 100 mm (4
in.) maximum. Let the fire burn out. Protect the area in front of
heater with a non-combustible material. Shovel ashes into a
metal container with a tight fitting lid. The closed container of
ashes should be placed outside on non-combustible surface, or
on the ground, well away from all combustible materials, pending
final disposal. If the ashes are disposed of by burial in soil or otherwise locally dispersed, they should be retained in the closed
container until all the cinders have thoroughly cooled.
DOOR
The door is an unique adjustable center push design to ensure
trouble free, air tight operation for years to come. When closing
the door there should be a slight resistance; if not, the door
should be adjusted. To tighten door, loosen bottom nut an tighten
top nut. Lubricate door pawl with high temperature lubricant
monthly.
MANUAL CONTROL
Turn manual draft control counterclockwise (open) all the way
until unit warms up, then clockwise to adjust temperature to suit.
NUTS
WALL THERMOSTAT CONTROL
PAWL
Set the thermostat at temperature desired. When warming up a
cold room there will be an initial temperature overrun, then the
temperature will stabilize.
FIG. 2
Model HF65R
5
DRAFT CONTROL
Check that it opens and closes freely.
FIREBRICK
Care should be taken when refueling to avoid
breakage of brick. If frozen wood is burned, do
not let frozen surface touch brick. Broken brick
must be replaced to prevent overheating of firebox.
FIG. 3
Periodically check the door seal for condition
and tightness of door fit. If seal shows signs of a
deteriorating condition, improper fit or signs of leakage, it should
be replaced.
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
1.
PAINT
The high temperature paint is designed to withstand temperatures to 6500C (12000F). However, should paint discoloration
happen, the affected areas can be retouched. For the correct
type of paint contact your dealer. When first using the unit, the
paint may smoke for 1/2 hour to 1 hour. This is normal and is part
of the curing process.
2.
3.
4.
HOT WATER SYSTEM
DRAINING AND CLEANING
Cleaning should not normally be necessary unless water tends to
cause deposits. Should heating efficiency drop off noticeably, the
coil in the heater should be inspected and if necessary, cleaned.
6.
WHEN YOU HAVE NO WATER
Your heater should not be fired with a dry water coil. If you have
no water for circulation, the coil should be isolated from the system and removed, replacing open holes with two 25 mm (1”) diameter standard washers per hole, using a 19 mm x 25 mm (3/4”
X 1”) bolt to hold washers together.
INSTALLATION
LOCATION AND CLEARANCES
Locate unit as central as possible within the home or space to be
heated. Do not locate near an exit. Do not connect space heater
to any air distribution duct.
MINIMUM CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS:
•
With single wall pipe connector (see Fig 3)
From Heater
From Connector
Sidewall
(A) 460 mm (18”)
(D) 675 mm (26 1/2”)
Backwall
(B) 360 mm (14”)
(E) 470 mm (18 1/2”)
Corner
(C) 460 mm (18”)
(F) 725 mm (28 1/2”)
•
5.
With insulated chimney connected to unit (see Fig 3)
From Heater
From Connector
Sidewall
(A) 460 mm (18”)
(D) 650 mm (25 1/2”)
Backwall
(B) 200 mm (8”)
(E) 290 mm (11 1/2”)
Corner
(C) 460 mm (18”)
(F) 700 mm (27 1/2”)
7.
Locate heater and floor protection as central as possible
within the home or space to be heated, observing minimum
clearances to combustible materials listed below.
To ensure vertical alignment, suspend a plumb bob from
the ceiling over the exact center of the flue of the stove,
and mark a spot on the ceiling to indicate the center of the
chimney.
Check that the intended location will not interfere with ceiling joists or rafters before proceeding further.
Install chimney according to chimney manufacturer’s instructions. Read section on Chimney and see Diagram 2.
Chimney must be a 7” diameter listed chimney suitable for
wood burning appliances. If an existing masonry chimney
is to be used read section under Chimney for specific cautions.
Use plumb bob to ensure that the heater flue is centered
under the chimney.
Install chimney connector. The connector must be at least
24 gauge steel. Insert crimped end of the 7” diameter connector into the heater flue. Install additional connector to
meet chimney.
Connect chimney connector to chimney as per chimney
manufacturer’s instructions.
Combustible floor must be protected by non-combustible material
extending beneath the heater and to the front and sides as indicated: G—460 mm (18”) ; H—l50 mm (6”) ; 1—150 mm (6”)
The space beneath the heater must not be obstructed.
Smoke detector must be located a minimum of 4 meters (15’)
away from heating unit to avoid accidentally setting off smoke
detector.
NOTE: Clearances may be reduced only if combustible material
is protected (See CSA Installation Code for Solid Fuel
Burning Appliances and Equipment No B365—M 1991)
Clearances may be reduced by means approved by the regulatory authority.
CONNECTION TO CHIMNEY
Chimney suitability is the most important factor that will influence
the performance of your ARDENT ENERGY heater. If you follow
these instructions your heater will perform efficiently. If an existing chimney does not meet the specifications consult your ARDENT ENERGY dealer about remedial action.
Unit must be connected to the chimney using a minimum of elbows and horizontal pipe. All horizontal pipe must slope toward
heater and be installed with seam up. Unit flue opening is designed for the connector to go into the opening.
All connections must be such that any condensation in the flue
runs back into the unit and not onto the floor. Ensure connection
pipe is spaced at least 460 mm (18”) from any unprotected combustible material. Do not pass a chimney connector through an
attic or roof space, closet or similar concealed space, or a floor,
ceiling, wall or partition of combustible construction.
Model HF65R
RAIN CAP
6
7” DIA LISTED
CHIMNEY SUITABLE
FOR WOODBURNING
APPLIANCES
regulator should be fitted to the connector pipe. If the draft is less
than .06 appropriate action should be taken to improve the draft.
eg.
a) insulate chimney
b) move unit to eliminate horizontal section
c) add to top of chimney
STORM COLLAR
915 mm (36”) MIN.
FLASHING
If an existing chimney is to be used, it must be inspected carefully
for soundness and to assure that it meets the above specifications.
CHIMNEY TERMINATION
RADIATION SHIELD
TRIM COLLAR
7” DIA 24 GA
STEEL CHIMNEY
CCONNECTOR
Chimneys are required to extend at least 915 mm (3’) above the
highest point where they pass through the roof of the building and
at least 610 mm (2’) higher than any portion within ten feet. In
some cases the chimney must be higher than minimum for enough
draft due to unfavorable geometry of the surroundings.
INSTALLATION OF OPTIONS
WALL THERMOSTAT KIT (MODEL HC2)
LIP INSIDE
FLUE COLLAR
The control system consists of an electric damper control unit and
a wall thermostat.
HEAT DEFLECTOR
FLOOR
SHIELD
HEAT
DEFLECTOR
WALL THERMOSTAT
CONTROL
CHECK REAR
CLEARANCE
MANUAL
CONTROL
THERMOSTAT
CONTROL
HEAT EXCHANGE FINS
WATER COIL
KNOCKOUT
HEAT SHIELD
MOUNTING
SCREW
AIR INLET
ASSEMBLY
FAN
FIG. 4
FIG. 5
CAUTION: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES MUST ANY TYPE
OF DAMPER OR RESTRICTION BE INSTALLED IN THE CHIMNEY OR CONNECTING STOVE PIPE.
INSTALLATION
1.
Remove the 32 mm (1 1/4”) knockout at top left of rear heat
shield. Insert arm through hole and screw the damper control
unit into pre-drilled holes.
Chimney size: 178mm (7”) dia. or 150mm x 250mm (6”X10”)
maximum inside measure masonry chimney.
2.
Remove left hand side shroud by unscrewing 2 screws at
back.
Metal chimneys must be of a type suitable for wood burning appliances and masonry chimneys must be lined with an approved
liner.
3.
Attach one end of ball chain to damper control arm.
4.
Attach the remaining end through hole in air intake assembly.
(There should be a slight slack in the chain)
5.
Locate thermostat some distance from heater 3M — 6M
(10’—20’) but not in another room unless direct venting is provided for hot air.
6.
The thermostat should be set on an interior wall. Follow manufacturers instructions.
7.
The heat anticipator setting should be 0.4 amps.
8.
Check chain length by shutting off the manual control and
setting the thermostat above room temperature. The draft
damper should open to maximum.
9.
Set thermostat below room temperature; the draft damper
should close completely. Adjust chain length if required.
CHIMNEY
ARDENT ENERGY heating units burn very efficiently, resulting in
lower than usual flue gas temperatures. For this reason,
outside installation of the chimney is not recommended. Due to
the fact that it will dissipate more heat, an outside chimney will
cause more problems with low draft and excessive creosote accumulation.
On initial operation of the heating unit a draft reading should be
taken. (Contact your local ARDENT ENERGY dealer for further
information on measuring draft). The draft should measure .06
water column with the unit at normal operating temperature. If
this reading has to be induced by a roaring fire, it is an indication
that draft is inadequate. If the draft is more than .06 a draft
Model HF65R
7
WATER HEATING COIL (MODEL SHW4)
REPLACEMENT PARTS LIST
ARDENT ENERGY heating units are designed to heat your domestic hot water during the heating season.
ITEM QTY DESCRIPTION
PART #
1
1
Closer pawl
6261
The HF65 can accept one or two coils (1 per side). The coil replaces all but one of the firebrick on the side located.
2
1
Hug lock nut
1442
3
1
Scandinavian baffle
AP014
4
1
Bypass damper
A237R4
5
2
Fin
AP038
6
2
Outside fin
A407R4
7
28”
Ball chain
6110
7-A
2
Chain pendant
6121
8
1
Flame deflector
A533R1
9
1
Down draft baffle
A532R3
10
2
Cross draft angle
A217R8
11
1
Air inlet assembly
6411
12
1
Primary air heat exchange assembly
A900R0
13
14
Firebrick 1 1/4 x 4 1/2 x 9
7101
14
1
Door sill
A259R2
15
2
Door hinge
6260
16
60”
Door gasket 5/8 dia. glass rope
7006
17
1
Door liner
A302R1
18
1
Door assembly
A317R3
19
1
Door handle 3/8 ID
6010
20
1
Door closer assembly
6201-1
21
1
Door closer catch
A280R1
22
2
Control handle 5/16 ID
6005
23
1
Bypass bar
A264R10
24
1
Draft control rod assembly
A168R15
25
1
Bypass lever
A239R10
Procedure:
NOTE:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Ensure installation complies with local
plumbing codes.
Remove both side shrouds by unscrewing 4 or 6
screws at back
Remove rear heat shield and hammer out the 2
knockouts on the side desired. (see Fig 5)
Loosen cross draft angle nuts on side of unit. (2
each side located on outside of firebox).
Remove brick from that side.
Punch out 2 knockouts at back of stove. Reach in
through punched out holes with a bar extension
and punch out knockouts in primary heat exchanger. Knock outs are out of necessity tight. A
sharp blow with a heavy hammer will be required.
Position water coil in stove, replace brick and
tighten cross draft angle nuts on side of heater to
hold coil in place.
Install mineral wool gasket and plate on outside
and screw tight.
Replace shrouds and heat shield.
TANK CONNECTION
It is recommended that the ‘2 tank” system be used. The first
tank or “Range Boiler” must remain un-insulated to dissipate any
excess heat generated by the hot water coil.
Connection of piping to Range Boiler must be strictly followed as
shown in the Diagram. The 2 shut—off valves must be no smaller
than 3/4 inch GATE valves. Make certain that the PRV (Watts 3L)
and P&TRV (Watts 100XL) are installed in their respective locations and not vice versa. Maximum pressure setting is 150 psi.
Do not use less than 3/4 inch diameter standard pipe between
range boiler and heater, orientation of pipe must be slightly uphill
from the coil outlet to the upper connection at the tank, otherwise
vapor lock will occur and water will not circulate. Min. Range
Boiler recommended is 30 Imperial gallon capacity.
FIG. 6
Model HF65R
8
Fig. 7
NOTE:
RECORD YOUR MODEL AND SERIAL # HERE FOR EASY REFERENCE WHEN ORDERING REPLACEMENT PARTS.
MODEL # ____________________________________________
SERIAL I# ___________________________________________
DATE OF INSTALLATION _______________________________
Model HF65R
9
Model HF65R Space Heater Warranty
THREE YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
Ardent Energy Ltd. warrants the Model HF65R space heater against defects in material and workmanship for a period of three (3) years from the date received, with the exception of items listed hereafter
in the "Exclusions" section.
Ardent Energy Ltd., at its option, will replace, repair or cause to be repaired any part found to be
defective upon inspection by an authorized Ardent Energy Ltd. representative.
EXCLUSIONS
1. Repairs or replacement of part or all of the appliance, necessitated by use of the stove other than for
normal home use, as directed by the instruction manual.
2. Repairs or replacements necessitated by vandalism, neglect, abuse or failure to adequately service
the appliance, as stated in the instruction manual.
3. Repairs or replacements necessitated by work or service not authorized by Ardent Energy Ltd.
4. Equipment and accessories not manufactured by Ardent Energy are warranted only to the extent of
the original manufacturer's warranty.
5. Repairs or replacement of motors, fittings, controls, transformers, accessories and so forth.
6. Replacement of gaskets and firebrick.
7. Repairs necessitated by excessive chimney draft.
LIMITATIONS
1. All items found to be defective will be replaced or repaired upon return of the defective part to an authorized Ardent Energy Ltd. dealer.
2. Any space heater or part thereof that is replaced or serviced during the three year warranty period,
will be warranted under the terms of that particular limited warranty for a period not exceeding the remaining term of the original limited warranty, or six months, whichever is longer.
3. This warranty is transferable. However, proof of date of purchase is required before service or replacement of any defective part is performed.
4. This Limited Warranty does not apply to damage to the space heater or part thereof, while in transit.
Any claim of such must be directed to the common carrier.
5. If the installation does not conform to local building or fire codes, or in their absence, the installation
requirements in the instruction manual, any claims are not valid and will not be processed.
6. Any shipping charges incurred during a warranty claim will be borne by the space heater owner.
7. The remedies set forth herein are exclusive, and the liability of Ardent Energy Ltd. with respect to any
contract, tort, under any warranty or otherwise shall not exceed the price of the equipment or part on
which such liability is based.
To enable us to service any warranty claim as quickly as possible, please fill out and return your warranty card as soon as you receive
your Ardent Energy space heater.