Installation guide | Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide

Red Hat Storage 2.0
Quick Start Guide
Getting Started with Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.1 and Red Hat
Storage 2.0
Edition 1
Anjana Suparna Sriram Divya Muntimadugu
Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Getting Started with Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.1 and Red Hat
Storage 2.0
Edition 1
Anjana Suparna Sriram
Red Hat Engineering Co ntent Services
asriram@redhat.co m
Divya Muntimadugu
Red Hat Engineering Co ntent Services
divya@redhat.co m
Legal Notice
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Abstract
T his document is a step-by-step guide for first-time users to install and configure a basic Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization environment and enable Red Hat Storage for virtualization.
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
.Preface
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3. . . . . . . . . .
1. Audience
3
2. Document Conventions
3
2.1. T ypographic Conventions
3
2.2. Pull-quote Conventions
4
2.3. Notes and Warnings
5
3. Getting Help and Giving Feedback
6
3.1. Do You Need Help?
6
3.2. We Need Feedback!
6
.Chapter
. . . . . . . . 1.
. . .Introduction
. . . . . . . . . . . . .to
. . .Red
. . . . Hat
. . . . Storage
. . . . . . . . . for
. . . .Virtualization
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7. . . . . . . . . .
1.1. Architecture Overview
7
1.2. Prerequisites
8
. . . . . . . . . 2.
Chapter
. . .Enabling
. . . . . . . . . Red
. . . . .Hat
. . . . Storage
. . . . . . . . .in
. . Red
. . . . .Hat
. . . . Enterprise
. . . . . . . . . . . .Virtualization
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .Manager
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
............
.Chapter
. . . . . . . . 3.
. . .Managing
. . . . . . . . . . Virtual
. . . . . . . .Machine
. . . . . . . . .Images
. . . . . . . .on
. . .Red
. . . . Hat
. . . . Storage
. . . . . . . . . Servers
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
............
3.1. Creating and T uning Volumes for Virtualization
14
3.1.1. T uning Volumes Using CLI
14
3.2. Adding POSIX Compliant File System Storage
15
.Chapter
........4
. ...Creating
. . . . . . . . . .and
. . . .T. uning
. . . . . . .Volumes
. . . . . . . . .Using
. . . . . . Red
. . . . .Hat
. . . .Enterprise
. . . . . . . . . . . Virtualization
.................................
Manager
21
. . . . . . . . . .History
Revision
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
............
1
Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
2
Preface
Preface
Red Hat Storage is a software only, scale-out storage solution that provides flexible and agile
unstructured data storage for the enterprise. Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization uses a centralized
shared storage system for virtual machine disk images and snapshots.
T his guide enables you to install and configure Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization and create virtual
machines using Red Hat Storage as storage domains.
1. Audience
T his document is designed as a guide for system administrators to configure Red Hat Storage for Red
Hat Enterprise Virtualization and create Red Hat Storage (volumes) as storage domains.
2. Document Conventions
T his manual uses several conventions to highlight certain words and phrases and draw attention to
specific pieces of information.
In PDF and paper editions, this manual uses typefaces drawn from the Liberation Fonts set. T he
Liberation Fonts set is also used in HT ML editions if the set is installed on your system. If not, alternative
but equivalent typefaces are displayed. Note: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 and later include the Liberation
Fonts set by default.
2.1. Typographic Conventions
Four typographic conventions are used to call attention to specific words and phrases. T hese
conventions, and the circumstances they apply to, are as follows.
Mono-spaced Bold
Used to highlight system input, including shell commands, file names and paths. Also used to highlight
keys and key combinations. For example:
T o see the contents of the file m y_next_bestselling_novel in your current working
directory, enter the cat m y_next_bestselling_novel command at the shell prompt
and press Enter to execute the command.
T he above includes a file name, a shell command and a key, all presented in mono-spaced bold and all
distinguishable thanks to context.
Key combinations can be distinguished from an individual key by the plus sign that connects each part of
a key combination. For example:
Press Enter to execute the command.
Press Ctrl+Alt+F2 to switch to a virtual terminal.
T he first example highlights a particular key to press. T he second example highlights a key combination:
a set of three keys pressed simultaneously.
If source code is discussed, class names, methods, functions, variable names and returned values
mentioned within a paragraph will be presented as above, in m ono-spaced bold. For example:
File-related classes include filesystem for file systems, file for files, and dir for
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
directories. Each class has its own associated set of permissions.
Proportional Bold
T his denotes words or phrases encountered on a system, including application names; dialog box text;
labeled buttons; check-box and radio button labels; menu titles and sub-menu titles. For example:
Choose System → Preferences → Mouse from the main menu bar to launch Mouse
Preferences. In the Buttons tab, select the Left-handed m ouse check box and click
Close to switch the primary mouse button from the left to the right (making the mouse
suitable for use in the left hand).
T o insert a special character into a gedit file, choose Applications → Accessories →
Character Map from the main menu bar. Next, choose Search → Find… from the
Character Map menu bar, type the name of the character in the Search field and click
Next. T he character you sought will be highlighted in the Character T able. Double-click
this highlighted character to place it in the T ext to copy field and then click the Copy
button. Now switch back to your document and choose Edit → Paste from the gedit menu
bar.
T he above text includes application names; system-wide menu names and items; application-specific
menu names; and buttons and text found within a GUI interface, all presented in proportional bold and all
distinguishable by context.
Mono-spaced Bold Italic or Proportional Bold Italic
Whether mono-spaced bold or proportional bold, the addition of italics indicates replaceable or variable
text. Italics denotes text you do not input literally or displayed text that changes depending on
circumstance. For example:
T o connect to a remote machine using ssh, type ssh username@ domain.name at a shell
prompt. If the remote machine is exam ple.com and your username on that machine is
john, type ssh john@ exam ple.com .
T he m ount -o rem ount file-system command remounts the named file system. For
example, to remount the /hom e file system, the command is m ount -o rem ount /hom e.
T o see the version of a currently installed package, use the rpm -q package command. It
will return a result as follows: package-version-release.
Note the words in bold italics above — username, domain.name, file-system, package, version and
release. Each word is a placeholder, either for text you enter when issuing a command or for text
displayed by the system.
Aside from standard usage for presenting the title of a work, italics denotes the first use of a new and
important term. For example:
Publican is a DocBook publishing system.
2.2. Pull-quote Conventions
T erminal output and source code listings are set off visually from the surrounding text.
Output sent to a terminal is set in m ono-spaced rom an and presented thus:
4
Preface
books
books_tests
Desktop
Desktop1
documentation
downloads
drafts
images
mss
notes
photos
scripts
stuff
svgs
svn
Source-code listings are also set in m ono-spaced rom an but add syntax highlighting as follows:
static int kvm_vm_ioctl_deassign_device(struct kvm *kvm,
struct kvm_assigned_pci_dev *assigned_dev)
{
int r = 0;
struct kvm_assigned_dev_kernel *match;
mutex_lock(&kvm->lock);
match = kvm_find_assigned_dev(&kvm->arch.assigned_dev_head,
assigned_dev->assigned_dev_id);
if (!match) {
printk(KERN_INFO "%s: device hasn't been assigned before, "
"so cannot be deassigned\n", __func__);
r = -EINVAL;
goto out;
}
kvm_deassign_device(kvm, match);
kvm_free_assigned_device(kvm, match);
out:
mutex_unlock(&kvm->lock);
return r;
}
2.3. Notes and Warnings
Finally, we use three visual styles to draw attention to information that might otherwise be overlooked.
Note
Notes are tips, shortcuts or alternative approaches to the task at hand. Ignoring a note should
have no negative consequences, but you might miss out on a trick that makes your life easier.
Important
Important boxes detail things that are easily missed: configuration changes that only apply to the
current session, or services that need restarting before an update will apply. Ignoring a box
labeled 'Important' will not cause data loss but may cause irritation and frustration.
Warning
Warnings should not be ignored. Ignoring warnings will most likely cause data loss.
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
3. Getting Help and Giving Feedback
3.1. Do You Need Help?
If you experience difficulty with a procedure described in this documentation, visit the Red Hat Customer
Portal at http://access.redhat.com. T hrough the customer portal, you can:
search or browse through a knowledgebase of technical support articles about Red Hat products.
submit a support case to Red Hat Global Support Services (GSS).
access other product documentation.
Red Hat also hosts a large number of electronic mailing lists for discussion of Red Hat software and
technology. You can find a list of publicly available mailing lists at https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo.
Click on the name of any mailing list to subscribe to that list or to access the list archives.
3.2. We Need Feedback!
If you find a typographical error in this manual, or if you have thought of a way to make this manual
better, we would love to hear from you! Please submit a report in Bugzilla: http://bugzilla.redhat.com/
against the product Red Hat Storage.
When submitting a bug report, be sure to mention the manual's identifier: Quick_Start_Guide
If you have a suggestion for improving the documentation, try to be as specific as possible when
describing it. If you have found an error, please include the section number and some of the surrounding
text so we can find it easily.
6
Chapter 1. Introduction to Red Hat Storage for Virtualization
Chapter 1. Introduction to Red Hat Storage for Virtualization
Red Hat Storage provides a POSIX compatible file system that allows you to store virtual machine
images in a Red Hat Storage Server cluster instead of network-attached storage (NAS) appliances or a
storage area network (SAN) array.
Red Hat provides a way to create and optimize Red Hat Storage volumes using the Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization Manager. Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization platform and Red Hat Storage platform
comprise of various components which work seamlessly together, enabling system administrators to
install, configure, and manage a virtualized environment using Red Hat Storage as the virtual machine
image store.
1.1. Architecture Overview
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.1 and later versions support the use of POSIX compliant file systems
for storage. Red Hat Storage provides a POSIX compatible file system in which you can create Red Hat
Storage volumes as storage domains.
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization and Red Hat Storage integration consists of:
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization environment.
Refer to the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Architecture in Chapter 1, Introduction of Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization Installation Guide.
Red Hat Storage environment.
Red Hat Storage environment consists of bricks that are used to build volumes. Different types of
optimized storage volumes can be used as virtual machine store to hold resources like virtual disks,
templates, snapshots.
T he following diagram illustrates Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization integration with Red Hat Storage 2.0:
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Figure 1.1. Integration Architecture
1.2. Prerequisites
In order to install and integrate Red Hat Storage with Red Hat Enterprise Virtulaization, you must have
the following requirements listed in this section on your computer.
1. Updating Red Hat Storage 2.0
If your environment is already on Red Hat Storage 2.0, ensure that your system is up-to-date with
the latest patches and upgrades. T o install software updates, use the following command:
# yum update
2. Download the ISO.
You must download ISO that holds the installation sources before you start the installation to your
local computer and proceed from there.
After downloading the ISO images, check the MD5 checksums for the ISO images to ensure that
the download was successful.
If you have a subscription or evaluation subscription, follow these steps to obtain the Red Hat
Storage ISO image files:
a. Visit the customer portal at https://access.redhat.com/login and enter your Login and
Password.
b. Click Downloads to visit the Software & Download Center.
8
Chapter 1. Introduction to Red Hat Storage for Virtualization
c. In the Red Hat Storage Server area, click the Download.
d. In Download Software, click Red Hat Enterprise Linux EUS Server (v. 6.2.z
for 64 -bit x86_64 )and then click Red Hat Storage Server 2.0 (RHEL 6.2.z
for x86_64 ). Expand the node to download the following software:
RHS 2.0 Update 4 Installation DVD
or visit the following link to obtain the software
https://rhn.redhat.com/rhn/software/channel/downloads/Download.do?cid=14689.
Figure 1.2. A system configured for RHN installation of Red Hat Storage 2.0
3. Check System requirements.
You must ensure to meet the requirements to ensure smooth integration of Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization and Red Hat Storage. Refer to Chapter 2, System Requirements of Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization 3.1 Installation Guide which outlines the minimum system requirements
required to install, configure, and operate a Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization environment. Also,
refer to the hardware compatibility matrix and system requirements outlined in Chapter 3. Planning
Red Hat Storage Installation of Red Hat Storage 2.0 Installation Guide.
While creating a data center in Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager, ensure that you choose
compatibility version 3.1.
4. Subscribing to the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Channels.
Subscribe to Red Hat Enterprise Virt Management Agent channel on all Red Hat Enterprise Linux
6.3 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 hypervisors which now acts as the client for your Red Hat
Storage volumes.
5. Subscribing to Red Hat Storage Native Client channel.
You must ensure to subscribe all Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4
hypervisors to the Red Hat Storage Native Client channel to get the latest version.
6. Set fully qualified domain name for each hypervisors.
Correct DNS records must exist for each hypervisors and Red Hat Storage server nodes. A fully
qualified domain name must be resolvable via both forward and reverse DNS lookup.
7. Set SELinux booleans.
If you are using QEMU/KVM as hypervisor, ensure to set the following SELinux booleans:
# setsebool -P sanlock_use_fusefs on
# setsebool -P virt_use_sanlock on
# setsebool -P virt_use_fusefs on
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Completion of the above prerequisites will enable the system to start the installation. Before you start
installing Red Hat Storage 2.0 for Virtualization, you must have downloaded the following software from
the Red Hat Customer Portal:
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.1
Red Hat Storage 2.0 Update 4 ISO.
Subscribe Red Hat Enterprise Linux hosts with Red Hat Storage 2.0 Native Client channels.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4
Red Hat Enterprise Linux hosts must be registered and subscribed to a number of entitlements
using either Subscription Manager or Red Hat Network Classic. For more information, refer to
Section 9.3.2. Subscribing to Required Channels using RHN Classic in Chapter 9. Installing Red
Hat Enterprise Linux Hosts of Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Installation Guide.
rhel-x86_64-server-6
rhel-x86_64-rhev-mgmt-agent-6
Apart from the above channels, you must also subscribe to the Red Hat Storage 2.0 Native Client
channels to get the latest version:
rhel-x86_64-server-rhsclient-6
Refer to section 9.1.1. Installing Native Client of Red Hat Storage 2.0 Administration Guide for
information on how to install native clients.
10
Chapter 2. Enabling Red Hat Storage in Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager
Chapter 2. Enabling Red Hat Storage in Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization Manager
T he Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization platform is a richly featured virtualization management solution
providing fully integrated management across virtual machines.
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization supports Red Hat Storage (volumes) as storage domains. T o enable
Red Hat Storage volumes in Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager requires installation and
configuration of several components to create a functioning virtualization environment. You must install
and configure each component in the order shown in this checklist:
Figure 2.1. Installation Workflow
T o enable Red Hat Storage in Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager:
1. Install Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager.
T he Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager is the control center of the Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization environment. Ensure that Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manger 3.1 is installed
and configured.
Refer to Chapter 3, Manager Installation of Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Installation Guide for
more information on installing Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manger.
2. Install Hosts.
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
After you have installed the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager, it is time to install the
hosts, which run your virtual machines. In Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization, you can use either
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor or Red Hat Enterprise Linux as hosts.
Prior to installing virtualization hosts you should ensure that:
all virtualization hosts meet the hardware requirements, and
you have successfully completed installation of the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager.
You can use the following hypervisors as hosts:
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.1
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3, or
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4
During installation, remember to set the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) and IP address for the
server in order to avoid network conflicts.
Refer Chapter 8. Installing Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor Hosts of Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization Installation Guide for information on installing the hypervisor.
You must install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3 or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 Server on a system
to use it as a virtualization host in a Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization environment. Refer Chapter
9. Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux Hosts of Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Installation Guide
or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Installation Guide for detailed instructions.
3. Configure the Hypervisor.
a. Configuring a Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor host.
Install RHEV-H 3.1 on bare metal.
Refer to Section 8.5. Configuring the Hypervisor and Section 8.6. Attaching the Hypervisor
to the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager in Chapter 8, Installing the Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor of Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Installation Guide for
more information on configuring the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization hypervisor host.
b. Configuring a Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.3 or Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.4 host.
T o be used as a virtualization host, a Red Hat Enterprise Linux host must be registered and
subscribed to a number of entitlements using either Subscription Manager or Red Hat
Network Classic.
For more information, refer to Section 9.3.2. Subscribing to Required Channels using RHN
Classic in Chapter 9. Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux Hosts of Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization Installation Guide.
You must ensure to subscribe to the Red Hat Storage Native Client from the Additional
Services Channels to ensure the server has the latest clients installed by running the
following command:
#yum install glusterfs-fuse glusterfs
For information on how to install native clients, refer to section 9.1.1. Installing Native Client
of Red Hat Storage 2.0 Administration Guide.
4. Configure Data Centers.
A data center is a logical entity that defines the set of physical and logical resources used in a
managed virtual environment.
Following Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager installation, you must define the data centers
and clusters that you will use to organize your virtualization hosts. T he installation process
creates a data center and associated cluster, called Default.
12
Chapter 2. Enabling Red Hat Storage in Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager
Note
A server can be a Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Hypervisor or a Red Hat Enterprise
Linux host. A trusted storage pool needs a minimum of one storage host, and at least one
active virtualization host is required to connect the system to a storage pool.
5. Install Red Hat Storage.
Download and install RHS 2.0 Update 4 Installation DVD on bare metal.
Refer to Section 1.2, “Prerequisites ” for more information on obtaining the software.
For information on installing Red Hat Storage from an ISO, refer to Chapter 4, Installing Red Hat
Storage of Red Hat Storage Installation Guide.
6. Configure Storage.
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization uses a centralized storage system for virtual machine disk
images. Before adding storage ensure that you have a working Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization
Manager environment. You must be able to successfully access the Administration Portal, and
there must be at least one host connected with a status of Up.
7. Attach Storage to Hypervisor.
Attach Red Hat Storage volume as storage domain. T o attach and manage Red Hat Storage
volume as storage domain, refer to Section 3.2, “Adding POSIX Compliant File System Storage”.
Completion of the above steps will result in the creation of a functioning Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization
environment capable of running virtual machines on Red Hat Storage cluster.
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Chapter 3. Managing Virtual Machine Images on Red Hat
Storage Servers
Red Hat Storage provides a POSIX compatible file system to store virtual machine images in Red Hat
Storage volumes.
T his chapter describes how you can create and tune volumes using the command line interface and
also describes how you can prepare Red Hat Storage Servers for virtualization using Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization Manager.
3.1. Creating and Tuning Volumes for Virtualization
You must create Red Hat Storage volumes and tune those volumes to store virtual machine images. You
can create and tune volumes using the command line interface.
Note
Red Hat recommends that you do not create gluster volumes using both CLI and Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization Manager in the same cluster.
3.1.1. Tuning Volumes Using CLI
Red Hat recommends to tune the volumes before starting the volume. For information on creating
volumes, refer to Chapter 8. Setting up Red Hat Storage Volumes of Red Hat Storage 2.0 Administration
Guide.
T une the Red Hat Storage volume using the following command:
# gluster volume set VOLNAME group virt
Important
After the volume is tagged using group virt command, you must not use the volume for any
other storage purpose, other than to store virtual machine images. Also, ensure to access the
volume only through gluster native client.
T his tuning command sets the options on the volume listed as key value pairs in
/var/lib/glusterd/groups/virt file.
T he following are the default and recommended key value pairs (volum e set options) of the group
name file located at /var/lib/glusterd/groups/virt:
quick-read=off
read-ahead=off
io-cache=off
stat-prefetch=off
eager-lock=enable
remote-dio=on
For more information on each volum e set tunable option, refer to Chapter 10. Managing Red Hat
14
Chapter 3. Managing Virtual Machine Images on Red Hat Storage Servers
Storage Volumes of Red Hat Storage 2.0 Administration Guide.
Important
In Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization, you must ensure to set the brick permissions for vdsm and
kvm . If you do not set the required brick permissions, creation of virtual machines fails.
Assuming vol1 is the volume to be exported as a storage domain from Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization, use the following commands to change the permissions of the bricks in vol1:
# gluster volume set vol1 storage.owner-uid 36
# gluster volume set vol1 storage.owner-gid 36
If you are using QEMU/KVM as a hypervisor, ensure to set the brick permissions for QEMU user
by setting storage.owner-uid and storage.owner-gid to 107. After you set the required
permissions, you must restart the volume.
3.2. Adding POSIX Compliant File System Storage
T o ensure a smooth and successful integration of Red Hat Storage servers and Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization platform, add your server carefully in order to the instructions described in this section. You
can add Red Hat Storage servers for virtualization using the command line interface or Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization Manager.
Note
Red Hat recommends that you use separate data center for Red Hat Storage nodes.
T o add Red Hat Storage server for virtualization using Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager:
1. Create a Data center.
a. Select the Data Centers resource tab to list all data centers in the results list.
b. Click the New button to open the New Data Center window.
15
Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Figure 3.1. New Data Center window
c. Enter the Nam e and Description of the data center.
d. Select the storage T ype as POSIX com pliant FS from the drop-down menu.
Ensure to choose Quota Mode as Disabled.
e. Click OK.
T he new data center is added to the virtualization environment. It will remain Uninitialized
until a cluster, host, and storage is configured.
2. Create a cluster.
Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.1 supports the use of clusters to manage Red Hat Storage
volumes, in addition to virtualization hosts.
a. Select the Clusters resource tab to list all clusters in the results list.
b. Click New to open the New Cluster window.
16
Chapter 3. Managing Virtual Machine Images on Red Hat Storage Servers
Figure 3.2. New Cluster window
c. Select the Data Center the cluster will belong to from the drop-down menu.
d. Enter the Nam e and Description of the cluster.
e. Select the CPU Nam e and Com patibility Version from the drop-down menus.
f. By default, the Enable Virt Service option is selected.
g. Click OK.
T he new cluster is added to the virtualization environment.
3. Add Hosts.
a. Click the Hosts tab.
T he Hosts tab displays a list of all hosts in the system.
b. Click the New button.
T he New Host window displays.
17
Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Figure 3.3. New Host window
Important
Red Hat Enterprise Linux hypervisor and Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization
hypervisor on a single VDSM cluster accessing the same virtual machine image
store is not supported.
c. Use the drop-down menus to select the Data Center and Host Cluster for the new
host.
d. Enter the Nam e, Address, and Root Password of the new hypervisor host.
e. If applicable, clear the Autom atically configure host firewall check box.
f. Click OK when you've entered all the necessary configuration details of your host.
T he new host displays in the list of hypervisor hosts with a status of Installing. Once
installation is complete, the status will update to Reboot. T he host is activated and the
status changes to Up automatically after Reboot.
4. Create and tune volumes using the command line interface.
Use the command line interface to create and tune volumes on the Red Hat Storage cluster. For
information on creating and tuning volumes, refer to Chapter 8. Setting up Red Hat Storage
Volumes of Red Hat Storage 2.0 Administration Guide and Section 3.1.1, “T uning Volumes Using
CLI”.
5. Using Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager, add Storage Domain.
a. Click the Storage tab to list the existing storage domains in the results list.
18
Chapter 3. Managing Virtual Machine Images on Red Hat Storage Servers
b. Click the New Dom ain to open the New Domain window.
Figure 3.4 . New Domain Window
c. Enter the Nam e for the storage domain.
d. Select the Data Center to be associated with the storage domain.
T he data center selected must be of type POSIX com pliant FS.
e. Select Data/POSIX com pliant FS from the Dom ain Function/Storage T ype
drop-down menu.
f. Select a host from the Use Host drop-down menu.
g. Enter the Path of any one of the Red Hat Storage servers in the cluster.
RHS-Server:/volname
h. Enter glusterfs as VFS T ype.
i. Enter the applicable Red Hat Storage native client mount options.
You can enter multiple mount options separated only by commas. For more information on
native client mount options, refer to Chapter 9. Accessing Data - Setting up Clients of Red
Hat Storage 2.0 Administration Guide.
j. Click OK to create the new Red Hat Storage domain.
k. Activate your new Red Hat Storage domain.
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Figure 3.5. Activated Red Hat Storage Domain
You have successfully added Red Hat Storage domain to the data center.
You can create virtual machines using Red Hat Storage as storage domains. For more information on
creating virtual machines, refer to Chapter 8. Virtual Machines of Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization 3.1
Administration Guide.
20
Chapter 4. Creating and Tuning Volumes Using Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager
Chapter 4. Creating and Tuning Volumes Using Red Hat
Enterprise Virtualization Manager
You can create and tune Red Hat Storage volumes using the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager
3.1 and later versions by creating a cluster with Enable Gluster Service option selected.
A volume is a logical collection of bricks where each brick is an export directory on a server in the
trusted storage pool. Most of the management operations of Red Hat Storage happen on the volume.
You can use the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager 3.1 to create and start new volumes
featuring a single global namespace.
Important
Enable Gluster Service is a technology preview feature. T echnology Preview features are
not fully supported under Red Hat subscription level agreements (SLAs), may not be functionally
complete, and are not intended for production use. However, these features provide early access
to upcoming product innovations, enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback
during the development process. As Red Hat considers making future iterations of T echnology
Preview features generally available, we will provide commercially reasonable efforts to resolve
any reported issues that customers experience when using these features.
Note
With the exception of volume operations described in this section, all other Red Hat Storage
functionality must be executed from the command line.
T o create and tune volumes using the Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager:
1. Create a Data center.
a. Select the Data Centers resource tab to list all data centers in the results list.
b. Click the New button to open the New Data Center window.
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Figure 4 .1. New Data Center window
c. Enter the Nam e and Description of the data center.
d. Select the storage T ype as POSIX com pliant FS from the drop-down menu.
Ensure to choose Quota Mode as Disabled.
e. Click OK.
T he new data center is added to the virtualization environment. It will remain Uninitialized
until a cluster, host, and storage is configured.
2. Create a gluster service enabled cluster.
For more information on creating a cluster, refer Step 2 of Section 3.2, “Adding POSIX Compliant
File System Storage”
Figure 4 .2. Create a Cluster
Select the CPU Nam e and Com patibility Version from the drop-down menus.
Click OK
3. Add Hosts.
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Chapter 4. Creating and Tuning Volumes Using Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager
Note
You must first add a Red Hat Storage server to the cluster only then you can add multiple
servers to the cluster. Adding multiple servers first will display an error message.
Figure 4 .3. New Host window
4. Use the drop-down menus to select the Data Center and Host Cluster for the new host.
5. Click OK.
T he new host displays in the list of hosts with a status of Installing. Once installation is
complete, the status will update to Reboot. T he host is activated and the status changes to Up
automatically after Reboot.
Click Volum es node from the left tree of the console window.
6. Click Create Volum e to open the Create Volume window.
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Figure 4 .4 . Create Volume window
7. In the Nam e field, enter the name of the volume.
8. Select the type of the volume from the T ype drop-down list. You can choose the volume type as
either Distribute, Replicate, or Distribute Replicate.
T o host virtual machines, it is recommended to create a volume type as Replicate or Distributed
Replicate.
Important
Stripe and Distributed Stripe volume types are under technology preview.
T echnology Preview features are not fully supported under Red Hat subscription level
agreements (SLAs), may not be functionally complete, and are not intended for production
use. However, these features provide early access to upcoming product innovations,
enabling customers to test functionality and provide feedback during the development
process. As Red Hat considers making future iterations of T echnology Preview features
generally available, we will provide commercially reasonable efforts to resolve any reported
issues that customers experience when using these features.
9. Click Add Bricks to add bricks to your volume.
Brick is the basic unit of storage, represented by an export directory on a server in the storage
cluster. You can expand or shrink your cluster by adding new bricks or deleting bricks.
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Chapter 4. Creating and Tuning Volumes Using Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization Manager
Figure 4 .5. Add Bricks
Enter the brick directory path and click OK.
10. In the Allow Access From field, specify the volume access control as a comma-separated list
of IP addresses or hostnames.
By default, an asterisk (*) is used as a wildcard to specify ranges of addresses such as IP
addresses or hostnames. You need to use IP-based authentication for Gluster and NFS exports.
11. Click OK to create the volume.
T he new volume is added and displays on the Volumes tab.
12. Select the volume that you want to tune and click Optim ize for Virt Store.
T he volume is tuned and group, storage-owner-uid, and storage-owner-gid options are
set.
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Red Hat Storage 2.0 Quick Start Guide
Figure 4 .6. Volume Options
For more information on each volum e set tunable option, refer to Chapter 10. Managing Red
Hat Storage Volumes of Red Hat Storage 2.0 Administration Guide.
13. In the Volum es tab, select the new volume and click Start to start the volume.
T he volume status changes to Up.
Note
You must ensure to optimize the volume before you can attach the volume to your storage
domain.
Figure 4 .7. New Volume
You can create a storage domain using the optimized volume and manage it using Red Hat Enterprise
Virtualization Manager. Refer to Red Hat Storage 2.0 Console Administration Guide for more information
on managing volumes such as start, stop, expand, shrink, add and edit volume options.
26
Revision History
Revision History
Revision 1.0-14 .4 00
Rebuild with publican 4.0.0
2013-10-31
Rüdiger Landmann
Revision 1.0-14
Incorporated feedback.
Mon April 01 2013
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-13
Updated Links.
Mon April 01 2013
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-12
Updated Links.
Mon April 01 2013
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-11
Screenshots updated.
T ue March 27 2013
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-10
Incorporated feedback.
T ue March 26 2013
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-9
Bug Fixes.
Wed Feb 13 2013
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-8
Wed Dec 06 2012
Incorporated technical review feedback.
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-6
Wed Dec 05 2012
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Incorporated technical review feedback and updated Known Issues chapter.
Revision 1.0-4
Fri Nov 09 2012
Incorporated technical review feedback.
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-3
T hu Nov 08 2012
Added a new section, images, and known issues.
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-2
Wed Oct 31 2012
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Updated the Installation chapter with new instructions regarding configuring the hypervisors.
Revision 1.0-1
Wed Oct 10 2012
Incorporated technical feedback.
Added additional images.
Anjana Suparna Sriram.
Revision 1.0-0
Fri Oct 5 2012
Initial creation of this book for Beta
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