Schumacher | SF-1-12S | Owner`s manual | Schumacher SF-1-12S Owner`s manual

OWNER’S MANUAL
MANUAL dEL USUARiO
GUidE d’UTiLiSATiON
Models / Modelos / Modèles: SE-1-12S & SF-1-12S
Automatic Battery Charger / Maintainer
Cargador de batería automático / Mantener
Chargeur de batterie automatique / Avec Mode d’entretien
Voltage / Tensión / Tension: 12
Amperage / Amperaje / Ampérage: 1.5
dO NOT RETURN THiS PROdUCT TO THE STORE!
Call Customer Service for Assistance: 800-621-5485
¡NO LO dEVUELVA ESTE PROdUCTO A LA TiENdA!
Llame a Servicios al Cliente para Asistencia: 800-621-5485
NE PAS RETOURNER LE PROdUiT AU MAGASiN!
Appeler le service clientèle pour l’assistance: 800-621-5485
REAd THE ENTiRE MANUAL BEFORE USiNG THiS PROdUCT.
FAiLURE TO dO SO COULd RESULT iN SERiOUS iNJURY OR dEATH.
LEA EL MANUAL COMPLETO ANTES dE UTiLiZAR ESTE PROdUCTO.
CUALQUiER FALLA POdRÍA RESULTAR EN SERiAS LESiONES O POdRÍA SER MORTAL.
LiRE ENTiÈREMENT LE GUidE AVANTd’UTiLiSER CE PROdUiT.
L’ÉCHEC dE FAiRE AiNSi PEUT S’ENSUiVRE dANS LA BLESSURE SÉRiEUSE OU LA MORT.
0099000913-03
iMPORTANT: REAd ANd SAVE THiS SAFETY ANd iNSTRUCTiON
MANUAL.
SAVE THESE iNSTRUCTiONS – This manual will show you how to
use your charger safely and effectively. Please read, understand and
follow these instructions and precautions carefully, as this manual
contains important safety and operating instructions. The safety
messages used throughout this manual contain a signal word, a
message and an icon.
The signal word indicates the level of the hazard in a situation.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or serious injury to the
operator or bystanders.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in death or serious injury to the
operator or bystanders.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in moderate or minor injury to the
operator or bystanders.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, could result in damage to the equipment or
vehicle or property damage.
Pursuant to California Proposition 65, this product
contains chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive
harm. Wash hands after handling.
1.
iMPORTANT SAFETY iNSTRUCTiONS –
SAVE THESE iNSTRUCTiONS
This manual contains important safety and operating instructions.
RiSK OF ELECTRiC SHOCK OR FiRE.
1.1 Keep out of reach of children.
1.2 Do not expose the charger to rain
or snow.
•1•
1.3
Use only recommended attachments. Use of an attachment not
recommended or sold by Schumacher® Electric Corporation
may result in a risk of ire, electric shock or injury to persons or
damage to property.
1.4 To reduce the risk of damage to the electric plug or cord, pull by
the plug rather than the cord when disconnecting the charger.
1.5 Use of an improper extension cord could result in a risk of ire and
electric shock. Make sure:
• That the pins on the plug of the extension cord are the same
number, size and shape as those of the plug on the charger.
• That the extension cord is properly wired and in good electrical
condition.
• That the wire size is large enough for the AC ampere rating of
the charger as speciied in section 8.
1.6 To reduce the risk of electric shock, unplug the charger from the
outlet before attempting any maintenance or cleaning. Simply
turning off the controls will not reduce this risk.
1.7 Do not operate the charger with a damaged cord or plug; have the
cord or plug replaced immediately by a qualiied service person.
(Call customer service at: 1-800-621-5485.)
1.8 Do not operate the charger if it has received a sharp blow, been
dropped or otherwise damaged in any way; take it to a qualiied
service person. (Call customer service at: 1-800-621-5485.)
1.9 Do not disassemble the charger; take it to a qualiied service
person when service or repair is required. Incorrect reassembly
may result in a risk of ire or electric shock. (Call customer service
at: 1-800-621-5485.)
RiSK OF EXPLOSiVE GASES.
1.10 WORKING IN THE VICINITY OF A LEADACID BATTERY IS DANGEROUS. BATTERIES
GENERATE EXPLOSIVE GASES DURING NORMAL
BATTERY OPERATION. FOR THIS REASON, IT IS
OF UTMOST IMPORTANCE THAT YOU FOLLOW
THE INSTRUCTIONS EACH TIME YOU USE THE
CHARGER.
•2•
1.11 To reduce the risk of a battery explosion, follow these instructions
and those published by the battery manufacturer and the
manufacturer of any equipment you intend to use in the vicinity
of the battery. Review the cautionary markings on these products
and on the engine.
1.12 This charger employs parts, such as switches and circuit breakers,
that tend to produce arcs and sparks. If used in a garage, locate
this charger 18 inches (46 cm) or more above loor level.
2.
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
2.8
2.9
PERSONAL PRECAUTiONS
RiSK OF EXPLOSiVE GASES.
2.1 NEVER smoke or allow a spark or lame in the
vicinity of a battery or engine.
2.2 Remove personal metal items such as rings,
bracelets, necklaces and watches when working with
a lead-acid battery. A lead-acid battery can produce
a short-circuit current high enough to weld a ring or the like to
metal, causing a severe burn.
Be extra cautious to reduce the risk of dropping a metal tool onto
the battery. It might spark or short-circuit the battery or other
electrical part that may cause an explosion.
Use this charger for charging LEAD-ACID batteries only. It is not
intended to supply power to a low voltage electrical system other
than in a starter-motor application. Do not use this battery charger
for charging dry-cell batteries that are commonly used with
home appliances. These batteries may burst and cause injury to
persons and damage to property.
NEVER charge a frozen battery.
NEVER overcharge a battery.
Consider having someone close enough by to come to your aid
when you work near a lead-acid battery.
Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid
contacts your skin, clothing or eyes.
Wear complete eye and body protection, including safety goggles
and protective clothing. Avoid touching your eyes while working
near the battery.
•3•
2.10 If battery acid contacts your skin or clothing, immediately wash
the area with soap and water. If acid enters your eye, immediately
lood the eye with cold running water for at least 10 minutes and
get medical attention right away.
2.11 If battery acid is accidentally swallowed, drink milk, the whites of
eggs or water. DO NOT induce vomiting. Seek medical attention
immediately.
3.
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
PREPARiNG TO CHARGE
RiSK OF CONTACT WiTH BATTERY
ACid. BATTERY ACid iS A HiGHLY
CORROSiVE SULFURiC ACid.
3.1 If it is necessary to remove the battery
from the vehicle to charge it, always
remove the grounded terminal irst. Make
sure all of the accessories in the vehicle are off to prevent arcing.
Be sure the area around the battery is well ventilated while the
battery is being charged.
Clean the battery terminals before charging the battery. During
cleaning, keep airborne corrosion from coming into contact
with your eyes, nose and mouth. Use baking soda and water to
neutralize the battery acid and help eliminate airborne corrosion.
Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
Add distilled water to each cell until the battery acid reaches the
level speciied by the battery manufacturer. Do not overill. For
a battery without removable cell caps, such as valve regulated
lead acid batteries (VRLA), carefully follow the manufacturer’s
recharging instructions.
Read, understand and follow all instructions for the charger,
battery, vehicle and any equipment used near the battery
and charger. Study all of the battery manufacturer’s speciic
precautions while charging and recommended rates of charge.
Determine the voltage of the battery by referring to the vehicle
owner’s manual and make sure that the output voltage selector
switch is set to the correct voltage. If the charger has an
adjustable charge rate, charge the battery in the lowest rate irst.
Make sure that the charger cable clips make tight connections.
•4•
4.
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
5.
5.1
5.2
6.
6.1
CHARGER LOCATiON
RiSK OF EXPLOSiON
ANd CONTACT WiTH
BATTERY ACid.
4.1 Locate the charger as
far away from the battery as
the DC cables permit.
When mounting the charger to the fender well, locate the charger
as far away from the battery as the DC cables permit.
Never place the charger directly above the battery being charged;
gases from the battery will corrode and damage the charger.
With the exception of the charger mounting bracket, do not set the
battery on top of the charger.
Never allow battery acid to drip onto the charger when reading the
electrolyte speciic gravity or illing the battery.
Do not operate the charger in a closed-in area or restrict the
ventilation in any way.
dC CONNECTiON PRECAUTiONS
Connect and disconnect the DC output ring terminals only after
removing the AC plug from the electric outlet.
Attach the ring terminals to the battery and chassis, as indicated
in sections 6 and 7.
FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN BATTERY iS iNSTALLEd
iN VEHiCLE
A SPARK NEAR THE
BATTERY MAY CAUSE A
BATTERY EXPLOSiON.
TO REdUCE THE RiSK
OF A SPARK NEAR THE
BATTERY:
Position the AC and DC cables to reduce the risk of damage by
the hood, door and moving or hot engine parts. NOTE: If it is
necessary to close the hood during the charging process, ensure
that the hood does not touch the metal part of the ring terminals
or cut the insulation of the cables.
•5•
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
Stay clear of fan blades, belts, pulleys and other parts that can
cause injury.
Check the polarity of the battery posts. The POSITIVE (POS, P, +)
battery post usually has a larger diameter than the NEGATIVE
(NEG, N, -) post.
Determine which post of the battery is grounded (connected) to
the chassis. If the negative post is grounded to the chassis (as in
most vehicles), see step 6.5. If the positive post is grounded to
the chassis, see step 6.6.
For a negative-grounded vehicle: You should disconnect both
battery cables from the battery before connecting the charger
cables. The output leads of the charger are terminated with 3/8"
(9.5 mm) dia. ring terminals. Remove the bolt from the battery
post connector, insert the bolt through the ring terminal then place
the bolt back in the battery connector and tighten. Connect the
POSITIVE (RED) ring terminal from the battery charger to the
POSITIVE (POS, P, +) ungrounded post of the battery. Connect
the NEGATIVE (BLACK) ring terminal to the vehicle chassis
or engine block away from the battery. Do not connect the ring
terminal to the carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts.
Connect to a heavy gauge metal part of the frame or engine block.
For positive-grounded vehicle: You should disconnect both battery
cables from the battery before connecting the charger cables. The
output leads of the charger are terminated with 3/8" (9.5 mm) dia.
ring terminals. Remove the bolt from the battery post connector,
insert the bolt through the ring terminal then place the bolt back
in the battery connector and tighten. Connect the NEGATIVE
(BLACK) ring terminals from the battery charger to the NEGATIVE
(NEG, N, –) ungrounded post of the battery. Connect the
POSITIVE (RED) ring terminals to the vehicle chassis or engine
block away from the battery. Do not connect the ring terminals to
the carburetor, fuel lines, or sheet-metal body parts. Connect to a
heavy gauge metal part of the frame or engine block.
Connect the charger AC supply cord to the electrical outlet.
When disconnecting the charger, disconnect the AC cord, remove
the ring terminal from the vehicle chassis, and then remove the
ring terminal from the battery terminal.
•6•
6.9
See CALCULATING CHARGE TIME for length of charge
information.
7.
FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN BATTERY iS OUTSidE
VEHiCLE
A SPARK NEAR THE
BATTERY MAY CAUSE A
BATTERY EXPLOSiON.
TO REdUCE THE RiSK
OF A SPARK NEAR THE
BATTERY.
Check the polarity of the battery posts. The POSITIVE (POS, P, +)
battery post usually has a larger diameter than the NEGATIVE
(NEG, N, -) post.
Attach at least a 24-inch (61 cm) long 6-gauge (AWG) (13 mm2)
insulated battery cable to the NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) battery post.
Connect the POSITIVE (RED) charger ring terminal to the
POSITIVE (POS, P, +) post of the battery.
Position yourself and the free end of the cable you previously
attached to the NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) battery post as far away
from the battery as possible – then connect the NEGATIVE
(BLACK) charger ring terminal to the free end of the cable using a
nut and bolt through both ring terminals.
Do not face the battery when making the inal connection.
Connect the charger AC supply cord to the electrical outlet.
When disconnecting the charger, always do so in the reverse
order of the connecting procedure and break the irst connection
while as far away from the battery as practical.
A marine (boat) battery must be removed and charged on shore.
To charge it onboard requires equipment specially designed for
marine use.
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
•7•
8.
GROUNdiNG ANd AC POWER CORd CONNECTiONS
RiSK OF ELECTRiC SHOCK OR FiRE.
8.1 This battery charger is for use on
a nominal 120-volt circuit. The plug must
be plugged into an outlet that is properly
installed and grounded in accordance
with all local codes and ordinances.
The plug pins must it the receptacle (outlet). Do not use with an
ungrounded system.
8.2
Never alter the AC cord or plug provided – if it
does not it the outlet, have a proper grounded outlet installed by
a qualiied electrician. An improper connection can result in a risk
of an electric shock or electrocution. NOTE: Pursuant to Canadian
Regulations, use of an adapter plug is not allowed in Canada.
Use of an adapter plug in the United States is not recommended
and should not be used.
Recommended minimum AWG size for extension cord:
• 150 feet (45.7 meters) long or less – use an 18 gauge (0.82 mm2)
extension cord.
8.3
9. MOUNTiNG iNSTRUCTiONS
Mounting the charger to the fender well: The
charger can be mounted directly to the fender well
of your vehicle as shown. If using the nuts and bolts
provided, drill two holes between 3/16" and 1/4" in
diameter. (For alignment of holes use the charger as
a template.) If the backside of the mounting surface
is hard to reach, you may consider using two 1/2" long sheet metal
screws (not included) instead of the nuts and bolts provided.
Mounting the charger alongside the battery:
The charger can also be mounted alongside your
vehicle’s battery using the
bracket provided. If possible,
mount the charger to the
side of the battery away
from the engine and fan
blades. Mount the bracket
•8•
to the charger as shown using the nuts and bolts provided. Loosen
the battery retaining hardware enough that you can insert the bracket
between the bottom of the battery and the battery mounting tray as
shown. Position the charger so that it will not rub against the battery
or any other part of the vehicle, and then tighten the battery retaining
hardware. NOTE: Do not drill or puncture the battery.
Electrical Installation – The output leads of the charger are terminated
with 3/8" dia. ring lugs. Route and secure the AC cord and the output
wiring away from the gas line, carburetor or other hot, sharp, moving
or pinch parts to avoid damage to the insulation. Secure the AC cord
using a cable tie or equivalent. If you have dificulty connecting the
output leads, consult your local auto supply store, they may assist
you in inding a connecting device for your application.
10. ASSEMBLY iNSTRUCTiONS
Remove all cord wraps and uncoil the cables prior to using the battery
charger.
11. CONTROL PANEL
LEd indicators
POWER ON (green) LEd: Indicates the charger is connected to an
AC power source and is receiving power.
CHARGEd (red) LEd: Indicates the battery is fully charged and the
charger is in maintain mode.
12. OPERATiNG iNSTRUCTiONS
This battery charger must be properly assembled in
accordance with the assembly instructions before it is used.
Do not start the vehicle with the charger connected to
the 120V AC outlet, or it could result in damage to the charger.
Charging
1. Ensure that all of the charger components are in place and in
good working condition.
2. Connect the battery following the precautions listed in sections
6 and 7.
3. Connect the AC power following the precautions listed in section 8.
•9•
4. The POWER ON (green) LED will light when the AC cord is
properly connected. When the battery is charged, the CHARGED
(red) LED will light.
5. To disconnect, reverse the procedure.
NOTE: This charger is equipped with an auto-start feature. Current
will not be supplied to the ring terminals until a battery is properly
connected. Meaning, the clips will not spark if touched together.
Automatic Charging Mode
When an Automatic Charge is performed, the charger switches to the
Maintain Mode (see below) automatically after the battery is charged.
For a battery with a starting voltage under 1 volt, use a manual
charger to pre-charge the battery for ive minutes to get additional
voltage into the battery.
Completion of Charge
Charge completion is indicated by the CHARGED LED. When lit, the
charger has switched to the Maintain Mode of operation.
Maintain Mode (Float-Mode Monitoring)
When the CHARGED LED is lit, the charger has started Maintain
Mode. In this mode, the charger keeps the battery fully charged by
delivering a small current when necessary. If the battery voltage drops
below a preset level, the charger will go back into Charge Mode until
the battery voltage returns to the full charge level, at which point the
charger will return to Maintain Mode.
NOTE: The charger automatically switches between Charge Mode
and Maintain Mode as necessary. The CHARGED LED will cycle
on when the battery is at full charge and off when the voltage drops
below a preset level and the charger goes into Charge Mode. This
cycle will continue, and the CHARGED LED will stay on for longer
periods of time as the battery becomes more fully charged.
NOTE: The maintain mode technology utilized in Schumacher
maintainers allows you to safely charge and maintain a healthy
battery for extended periods of time. However, problems with the
battery, electrical problems in the vehicle, improper connections or
other unanticipated conditions could cause excessive current draws.
As such, occasionally monitoring your battery and the charging
process is recommended.
• 10 •
13. MAiNTENANCE iNSTRUCTiONS
13.1 After use and before performing maintenance, unplug and
disconnect the battery charger (see sections 6, 7 and 8).
13.2 Use a dry cloth to wipe all battery corrosion and other dirt or oil
from the battery terminals, cords, and the charger case.
13.3 Ensure that all of the charger components are in place and in
good working condition.
13.4 Servicing does not require opening the unit, as there are no userserviceable parts.
13.5 All other servicing should be performed by qualiied service
personnel.
14. MOViNG ANd STORAGE iNSTRUCTiONS
14.1 Store the charger unplugged. The cord will still conduct electricity
until it is unplugged from the outlet.
14.2 Store inside, in a cool, dry place.
14.3 Do not store the ring terminals, on or around metal, or clipped
to cables.
14.4 If the charger is moved around the shop or transported to another
location, take care to avoid/prevent damage to the cords, ring
terminals and charger. Failure to do so could result in personal
injury or property damage.
15. TROUBLESHOOTiNG
PROBLEM
POSSiBLE CAUSE
Battery ring terminals The charger is
do not spark when
equipped with an
touched together.
auto-start feature.
It will not supply
current to the battery
ring terminals until
a battery is properly
connected. Meaning,
the ring terminals will
not spark if touched
together.
• 11 •
REASON/SOLUTiON
No problem; this is a
normal condition.
PROBLEM
The charger is
making an audible
clicking sound.
Charger makes a
loud buzz or hum.
POSSiBLE CAUSE
REASON/SOLUTiON
Battery is defective.
Have the battery
checked.
Shorted battery
cables or ring
terminals.
Circuit breaker cycles
when current draw is
too high. Check for
shorted cables or ring
terminals and replace
if necessary.
Severely discharged
battery, but otherwise
it is a good battery.
The battery may
not want to accept
a charge due to a
run-down state. Allow
charging to continue
until battery has a
chance to recover
suficiently to take a
charge. If more than
20 minutes, stop
charging and have
the battery checked.
Reverse connections
at battery.
Shut the charger off
and correct the lead
connections.
Transformer
laminations vibrate
(buzz).
No problem, this is a
normal condition.
Shorted Diode
Assembly or Output
Rectiier Assembly
(hum).
Have charger
checked by a qualiied
technician.
• 12 •
PROBLEM
POWER ON (green)
LED is not lit.
Charger will not turn
on when properly
connected.
The battery is
connected and the
charger is on, but is
not charging.
POSSiBLE CAUSE
REASON/SOLUTiON
AC outlet is dead.
Check for open fuse
or circuit breaker
supplying AC outlet.
Poor electrical
connection.
Check power cord
and extension cord
for loose itting plug.
Charger is not
plugged in.
Plug the charger into
an AC outlet.
Ring terminals are
not making a good
connection to the
battery.
Check for poor
connection to battery
and frame. Make sure
connection points are
clean.
Connections are
reversed.
Unplug the charger
and reverse the
battery connections.
Battery is defective
(will not accept a
charge).
Have battery
checked.
Severely discharged
battery, but otherwise
it is a good battery.
The battery must
measure at least 1 volt
to start the charging
process. If it is under 1
volt, you must charge
it using a separate
charger to get the
voltage up to at least
1 volt before you can
use the charger.
• 13 •
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