Epson | FX-1170 | Service manual | Epson FX-1170 Service manual

FX-870/1170
SERVICE MANUAL
I
Revision Level
EPSON
@ Printed on Recycled Paper.
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®
FCC Compliance Statement
For American Users
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with limits for a Class B digital device pursuant to Part
15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this
equipment does cause interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment on and off, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
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Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from the one connected to the receiver.
For Canadian Users
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as
set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department of Communications.
Le present appareil numcrique n’cmet pas de bruits radkklectrique d&passant lea limites applicables aux
appareils numcriques de Classe B prescrites dans le rkglement sur le brouillage radioGctriques tdictk par le
Minis&e des Communications du Canada.
The connection of a non-shielded equipment interface cable to this equipment will invalidate the FCC
Certification of this device and may cause interference levels which exceed the limits established by the FCC
for this equipment. It is the responsibility of the user to obtain and use a shielded equipment interface cable
with this device. If this equipment has more than one interface connector, do not leave the cables connected
to unused interfaces.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the manufacturer could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
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Epson f%87W1170
Copyright Notice
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All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electric, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without
the written permission of Epson America, Inc. No patent liability is assumed with respect to use of the
information contained herein. Neither is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the
information contained herein. While every precaution has been taken in the preparation of this book, Epson
America, Inc., assumes no responsibility for errors and omissions.
Neither Epson America, Inc., nor its affiliates shall be liable to the purchaser of this product or third parties
for damages, losses, costs, or expenses incurred by purchaser or third parties as a result of: accident, misuse,
or abuse of this product or unauthorized modifications, repairs, or alterations to this product.
Epson America, Inc., shall not be liable against any damages or problems arising from the use of any options
or any consumable products other than those designated as Original Epson Products or Epson Approved
Products by Seiko Epson Corporation.
Trademarks
Epson@ is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation.
F’X-870 and PX-1170 are trademarks of Seiko Epson Corporation.
IBM@ and IBM PC@ are registered trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation.
Copyright © 1992 Epson America, Inc.
Epson America, Inc.
20770 Madrona Avenue, Torrance, CA 90509
Epson FX-87W1170
...
III
Precautions
Precautionary notations throughout the text are categorized relative to 1) personal injury, and 2)
damage to equipment.
WARNING
Signals a precaution which, if ignored, could result in serious or fatal personal
injury. Great caution should be exercised in performing procedures preceded by a
WARNING heading.
CAUTION
Signals a precaution which, if ignored, could result in damage to equipment.
The precautionary measures itemized below should always be observed when performing repair/
maintenance procedures.
WARNING
1. Always disconnect the product from both the power source and the host
computer before performing any maintenance or repair procedure.
2. No work should be performed on the unit by persons unfamiliar with
basic safety measures as dictated for all electronics technicians in their
line of work.
3. When performing testing as dictated within this manual, do not connect
the unit to a power source until instructed to do so. When the power
supply cable must be connected, use extreme caution in working on the
power supply and other electronic components.
CAUTION
1. Repairs on Epson products should be performed only by an Epson certified repair technician.
2. Make certain that the source voltage is the same as the rated voltage
listed on the serial number/rating plate. If the Epson product has a
primary AC rating different from the available power source, do not
connect it to the power source.
3. Always verify that the Epson product has been disconnected from the
power source before removing or replacing printed circuit boards and/or
individual chips.
4. In order to protect sensitive pP chip and circuitry, use static discharge
equipment, such as anti-static wrist straps, when accessing internal
components.
5. Replace malfunctioning components only with those components recommended by the manufacturer; introduction of second-source ICs or other
nonapproved components may damage the product and void any applicable Epson warranty.
Epson 0(-870/l 170
How to Use this Manual
This manual contains the information that a service provider needs to support the Epson
FX-870/1170 printer.
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It provides general information and specifications for the printer.
It tells you how to set up and configure the printer at a customer site.
If you encounter problems, the manual explains how to troubleshoot the printer, based
on the symptoms you are experiencing.
Once you have isolated the problem, the manual shows you how to take the printer
apart to remove any faulty component and replace it.
Then, the text describes how to adjust the printer.
The manual also provides a detailed discussion of the theory of operation.
There are schematics, circuit diagrams, exploded diagrams, and an index at the back of
the manual for quick reference.
The paragraphs below describe the contents of this manual in further detail.
1 Printer Features
Chapter 1 contains printer specifications, answers to a list of likely questions that customers may ask the servicer, an explanation and tables of control panel settings, and a brief
description of the major printer components.
2 Installation and Setup Procedures
This section lists site requirements for the printer. It describes how to unpack the printer,
connect it, power it up, and test it. The text describes the printer interfaces, and gives
signal tables and serial cable configurations. Finally, this section tells you what the customer needs to do to avoid problems and achieve maximum printer life.
3 Troubleshooting
This section begins with quick reference tables for the printer’s test points. The chapter
also provides an explanation of what each error code means, flowcharts that walk you
through the troubleshooting of various problems, an illustration of connector locations, and
illustrations of sensor locations.
You can use the set of troubleshooting tables and flowcharts to isolate the problem as far as
possible.
If you encounter problems using software, the !Z’roubZeshooting section lists supported
Epson ESC/P control codes and symbol sets. There are tips for graphics handling and an
explanation of how to read hex dump printouts.
Epson FX-87W1170
4 Disassembly/Assembly
This chapter lists the tools you need and gives the recommended procedure for removing
and replacing components.
5 Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubrication
This chapter provides instructions for performing the platen gap adjustment and the
bidirectional adjustment procedure. There is also a description of the lubricants required
and an illustration of the points at which the printer needs to be lubricated after repair of
the mechanism.
6 Principles of operation
The Principles of Operation section explains the theory of printer operation, including
printhead function, carriage movement, paper feeding, and ribbon feeding. The chapter
provides details about how printer components function mechanically and electronically.
At the end of the chapter, there is a section for dealers outside the U.S. who need to replace
individual components on the circuit boards.
7 Reference Materials
The Reference Materials section contains pin assignment tables, board layout diagrams,
circuit diagrams, and schematics.
Index
The index tells you where to find key words and phrases in the manual.
vi
EptmnFX-870/1170
Handy Numbers for U.S. Dealers
Epson Customer Resource Center
Epson Faxback System
Epson Bulletin Board System
(800) 922-8911
(310) 782-4214
(310) 782-4531
Numbers and Addresses
for Dealers Outside the U.S.
Epson Canada, Ltd.
95 Mural Street
Richmond Hill, Ontario LAB 3G3
;htp (800) GO-EPSON
..
(416) 881-5765
Epson Latin America, Inc.
6100 Blue Lagoon Drive
Floor 2, Suite 220
Miami FL 33126
(305) 265-0092
Phone:
Fax:
(305) 265-0097
Epson Do Brazil
Av. Pedroso De Morais
631,5th Floor
Pinheiros, Sao PauIoSP/O5419 Brazil
;lgne: (55) ( 11) 813-3044
,.
(55) (11) 210-9290
Epson Chile S.A.
Avenida Costanera Andres Bello 2287
Providencia, Santiago, Chile
(562) 232-4661
Phone:
(562) 233-3197
Fax:
Epson Argentina S.A.
Avenida Del Libertador
498, Piso 12
1001 Buenos Aires
Phone: (541) 394-2439
Fax:
(541) 322-4637
Epson Costa Rica
Apartado 1076-2050
San Jose, Costa Rica
(506) 34-6666
Phone:
(506) 25-5709
Fax:
Epson Mexico S.A. De C.V.
Av. Ejercito NacionaI No. 904
6 Piso Col. PaIamas Polanco
Condigo Postal 11510, Mexico, D.F.
;hp (525) 395-9944
..
(525) 395-9499
Epson Venezuela S.A.
Edif. Epson - La Urbina
Caracas, Venezuela
(582) 241-0433
Phone:
(582) 241-4561
Fax:
Epson FX-8700 170
vii
Contents
Contents
Chapter 1
-
Printer Features
Options ................................................................................. 1-3
1-3
Hardware Specifications ...........................................................................
1-12
Firmware Specifications .........................................................................
1-13
Interfaces ................................................................................................
1-17
Control Panel ..........................................................................................
1-20
......................................................................................
Default Settings
1-22
Self-Test ..................................................................................................
1-23
Hexadecimal Dump ................................................................................
1-24
Paper-out Detection ................................................................................
1-24
Auto Tear-off...........................................................................................
1-24
Buffer-full Printing .................................................................................
1-24
Thermal Protection .................................................................................
1-24
High-Duty Printing ................................................................................
Sheet Loading and Sheet Ejection ......................................................... 1-24
1-25
Adjust Lever Operation ..........................................................................
1-26
Printer Initialization ..............................................................................
1-27
Buzzer .....................................................................................................
1-28
Main Components ...................................................................................
Commonly Asked Questions and Answers ............................................ 1-33
Chapter 2
Installation and Setup Procedures
Site Requirements ....................................................................................
Removing the Packing Materials .............................................................
The Correct Power On Sequence ..............................................................
Running the Self-Test ..............................................................................
Connecting Printer Cables .......................................................................
Checking the Printer with the Computer ................................................
Tips to Increase Printer Life ....................................................................
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Test Points ................................................................................................
Error Codes ...............................................................................................
Problem Isolation .....................................................................................
Connector Locations ...............................................................................
Sensor Locations .....................................................................................
Hex Quick Reference Table for ESC/P Commands ...............................
Hex Quick Reference Table for IBM Commands ...................................
Epson FX-870.0 170
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-4
3-1
3-5
3-6
3-18
3-19
3-21
3-23
ix
Contents
Chapter 4
Disassembly and Assembly
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-7
4-8
4-9
Precautions .............................................................................................
Tools .......................................................................................................
Service Checks After Repair ..................................................................
Screw Specifications ...............................................................................
Notes for Unit Removal and Installation ..............................................
Items to Remove Before Disassembling the Printer .............................
Removing the Panel Unit .......................................................................
Removing the Printhead ........................................................................
Removing the Upper Housing Assembly ...............................................
Removing the Printer Mechanism .........................................................
Chapter 5
Adjustments, Maintenance, and
Lubrication
Adjusting the Printer Mechanism ...........................................................
Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment .......................................................
Preventive Maintenance ..........................................................................
Lubrication ...............................................................................................
Chapter 6
5-1
5-3
5-5
5-5
Principles of Operation
Printer Mechanism Operation ................................................................. 6-1
6-19
Power Supply Operation ........................................................................
Control Circuit Operation ...................................................................... 6-22
Chapter 7
Reference Materials
Connector Summary ................................................................................
Circuit Diagrams ......................................................................................
Circuit Board Component Layouts ........................................................
Outline Drawings ...................................................................................
X
7-1
7-5
7-10
7-13
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
Chapter 1
Printer Features
Options.. ....................................................................................................
Hardware Specifications.. .........................................................................
Printing Method ...............................................................................
P a p e r H a n d .........
l i n g .......................................................................
Precautions for Paper Handling ............................................
Paper Specifications .........................................................................
Printable Area ..................................................................................
Ribbon Cartridge ...........................................................................
Electrical Specifications .................................................................
Environmental Conditions .............................................................
Reliability .......................................................................................
Safety Approvals ............................................................................
Firmware Specifications ..........................................................................
Print Control ..................................................................................
Input Data Buffer ..........................................................................
Interfaces. ................................................................................................
Parallel Interface ...........................................................................
Optional Interfaces ........................................................................
Control Panel ..........................................................................................
Buttons ...........................................................................................
Micro Feed Function ............................................................
Bin Selection for the Cut Sheet Feeder ...............................
Paper Ejection ......................................................................
Indicators .......................................................................................
Default Settings.. ....................................................................................
Power On Default Settings ............................................................
Self-Test ...................................................................................................
Hexadecimal Dump ................................................................................
Paper-out Detection ................................................................................
Auto Tear-off...........................................................................................
Buffer-full Printing .................................................................................
Thermal Protection .................................................................................
High-Duty Printing ................................................................................
Sheet Loading and Sheet Ejection .........................................................
Adjust Lever Operation ..........................................................................
Printer Initialization ..............................................................................
Buzzer .....................................................................................................
Main Components ...................................................................................
Epson FX-870/1170
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-6
1-8
1-10
1-11
1-11
1-11
1-12
1-12
1-12
1-13
1-13
1-13
1-16
1-17
1-17
1-18
1-19
1-19
1-20
1-20
1-22
1-22
1-23
1-24
1-24
1-24
1-24
1-24
1-24
1-25
1-26
1-27
1-28
1-i
Printer Features
C094 MAIN Board Assembly (Main Control Board) .................
C094 PNL Board Assembly (Control Panel Circuit Board) ...................
C076 PSB Board Assembly (Power Supply Circuit Board) ..................
Printer Mechanism ........................................................................
Housing Assembly .........................................................................
Commonly Asked Questions and Answers ............................................
1-29
1-30
1-30
1-31
1-32
1-33
List of Figures
Figure 1-1. External View of FX-870/1170 ............................................
Figure 1-2. Pin Configuration ................................................................
Figure 1-3. Printable Area for Cut Sheets ............................................
Figure 1-4. Printable Area for Continuous Paper .................................
Figure 1-5. Printable Area for Roll Paper ..........................................
Figure 1-6. Data Transmission Timing ...............................................
Figure 1-7. Control Panel ...................................................................
Figure 1-8. Self-Test Printout ..............................................................
Figure 1-9. Hexadecimal Dump Printout ............................................
Figure 1-10. Lever Positions ..................................................................
Figure 1-11. Main Components .............................................................
Figure 1-12. C094 MAlN Board Assembly (Main Control Circuit Board). ....
Figure 1-13. C094 PNL Board Assembly (Control Panel Circuit Board). ......
Figure 1-14. C076 PSB Board Assembly (Power Supply Circuit Board). ......
Figure 1-15.
Printer Mechanism ...........................................................
Figure 1-16. Housing Assembly .............................................................
1-2
1-3
1-8
1-9
1-10
1-14
1-17
1-23
1-23
1-25
1-28
1-29
1-30
1-30
1-31
1-32
List of Tables
Table 1-1.
Table 1-2.
Table 1-3.
Table 1-4.
Table 1-5.
Table 1-6.
Table 1-7.
Table 1-8.
Table 1-9.
Table 1-10.
Table 1-11.
Table 1-12.
Table 1-13.
1-ii
Line Feed Speed (1 line = l/6”) ......................................... 1-4
Specifications for Cut Sheets (Standard Paper) ............... 1-6
Specifications for Cut Sheets
(Carbonless Duplicating Paper) ........................................ 1-6
Specifications for Continuous Paper ................................. 1-7
Specifications for Envelopes ............................................. 1-7
Specifications for Labels ................................................... 1-7
Specifications for Roll Paper ............................................. 1-8
Electrical Specifications for 120 V Model ....................... 1-11
Environmental Conditions .............................................. 1-11
Character Size and Pitch ................................................ 1-12
Printable Columns .......................................................... 1-12
1-13
Print Speed ......................................................................
Connector Pin Assignments and Signal Functions.. ...... 1-14
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
Table 1-14. Optional Interface ...........................................................
Table 1-15. Identifying Errors Using the LEDs ................................
Table 1-16. Group 1 Features ............................................................
Table 1-17. Group 2 Features (ESC/P Mode) .....................................
Table 1-18. Group 2 Features (IBM Mode) ........................................
Table 1-19. Group 3 Features (Power-on Settings) ...........................
Table 1-20. Lever Positions ................................................................
Table 1-21. Buzzer Functions .............................................................
Epson FX-870/1170
1-16
l-19
1-20
1-21
1-22
1-22
1-25
1-27
1 -iii
Printer Features
1
The FX-870/1170 combines advanced firmware, reliability, and affordability in a
single light-weight unit. The major features of this printer are:
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Upward compatibility with the FX-850/1050 and the FX-86e/286e
380 cps (high-speed draft for both 80- and 136-column models)
285 cps (draft pica), 342 cps (draft elite)
Advanced paper handling
Continuous paper
3 paths for insertion (front/bottom/rear)
Dual paper park and auto load (front/rear)
The standard tractor unit can be set to 3 positions (2 push and 1 pull)
Continuous paper can be used without removing the cut-sheet feeder (CSF)
Cut sheets
2 paths for insertion (top/optional front)
Auto loading
24KB input buffer
8 character tables
(Italic, PC437,850,860,863,865, BRASCII, and Abicomp)
A default setting mode replaces DIP switches for setting default values
Type B optional I/F boards can be installed
Figure l-l on the next page shows an exterior view of the FX-870 and FX-1170.
EpsonFX-870/1170
1-1
Printer Features
80-column model
136-column model
Figure 1-1. External View of the FX-870/1170
1-2
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
options
C814011
Single-bin cut-sheet feeder (80-column)
Single-bin cut-sheet feeder (136-column)
High-capacity cut-sheet feeder (80-column)
High-capacity cut-sheet feeder (136-column)
Tractor unit (80-column)
Tractor unit (136-column)
Front sheet guide (80-column)
Front sheet guide (136-column)
C823051
C823071
C823101
C823141
C823151
Serial I/F card (Type B)
32KB intelligent serial I/F card (Type B)
32KB intelligent parallel I/F card (Type B)
Coax interface (Type B)
Twinax interface (Type B)
#8750
#8755
#8758
#8310
Fabric ribbon cartridge (80-column)
Fabric ribbon cartridge (136-column)
Fabric ribbon sub cartridge
Roll paper holder (only for 80-column model)
C806371
C806391
C806381
C806401
C800201
C800211
C814001
Hardware Specifications
Printing Method
Printing method:
Pin configuration:
Impact dot matrix
(diameter 0.29 mm)
9 wires
wire
#’ &
2+---
-5
3 ‘----___
0
0.35 mm (l/72”)
44
Figure 1-2. Pin Configuration
Epson M-870/1 170
1-3
Printer Features
9 x 7 matrix (high-speed draft)
Dot matrix:
9 x 9 matrix (drafk)
18 x 23 matrix (NLQ)
Paper Handling
Feeding methods: Friction feed (front/top)
Push tractor feed (front/rear)
pull tractor feed (front/rear/bottom)
Push-pull tractor feed (front/rear)
Method to use for
Fanfold:
Cut sheets:
Envelopes:
Labels:
Rdk
Line spacing:
each type of paper:
Tractor feed
Friction feed
Friction feed
Tractor feed
Friction feed
l/6”, L/B”, or programmable (l/216”, minimum)
Table l-l. Line Feed Speed (1 line = l/@?
Type of paper
Fanfold paper
Single sheet (manual)
Cut sheet (CSF)
Thin:
Thick:
1-4
Single line feed
Thick
Thin
ms
ms
77
85
69
77
71
77
Continuous feeding
Thick
Thin
ms (ips)
ms (ips)
66 (2.5)
55 (3.0)
55 (3.0)
45 (3.7)
55 (3.0)
48 (3.5)
Thin paper is less than or equal to 0.007 inches (0.18 mm).
Thick paper is more than 0.007 inches (0.18 mm).
Epson FX-8700170
Printer Features
Precautions for Handling Paper
Friction feed
l Set the release lever to the FRICTION position.
l Load the paper from the front or top entrance.
l Do not use continuous paper.
l Do not perform any reverse paper feeds within the top 0.34” (8.5 mm) area and
bottom 0.88” (22 mm) area.
l Do not perform reverse feeds greater than l/6” after the paper end has been
detected.
l Use the paper-tension unit.
l Insert multi-part cut-sheet forms only from the front.
Push tractor feed
l Set the release lever to the REAR PUSH/FRONT PUSH position.
l Load the paper from the rear or front entrance.
l Release the friction feed mechanism.
l Multi-part paper must be carbonless.
l Use the paper-tension unit.
l Do not perform reverse feeds greater than l/6”.
l Do not perform reverse feeding after the paper end has been detected, because
accuracy of paper feed cannot be assured.
Pull tractor feed
l Set the release lever to the PULL position.
l Load the paper from the front, rear, or bottom entrance.
(The front or bottom entrance is recommended for thick paper or labels.)
l Release the friction feed mechanism.
l Remove the paper-tension unit and attach the pull tractor unit.
l Insert paper from either front or bottom.
l Multi-part paper must be carbonless.
l Do not perform reverse feeds.
Push-pull tractor feed
l Set the release lever to the REAR PUSH/FRONT PUSH position.
l Load the paper from the front or rear entrance.
. Release the friction feed mechanism.
l Remove the paper-tension unit and attach the pull tractor unit.
l Remove any slack in the paper between the platen and the pu11 tractor.
l Precisely adjust the horizontal position of the pull tractor and push tractor.
l Multi-part paper must be carbonless.
l Do not perform reverse feeds greater than l/6”.
l Do not perform reverse feeds after the paper end has been detected.
Epson FX-870/1170
1-5
Printer Features
Paper Specifications
See Tables 1-2, 1-3, 1-4, 1-5, 1-6, and 1-7.
Normal Environmental Conditions
Recycled paper, envelopes, and labels require normal environmental conditions,
which are the following:
Temperature:
Humidity:
59-68”F(15-25°C)
30 - 60 % RI-I
Table 1-2. Specifications for Cut Sheets (Standard Paper)
Width
top insertion
front insertion
Length
Thickness
Weight
Quality
5.8-l 0.1” (148-257 mm)
80-column
136~column
5.8-l 6.5” (148-420 mm)
7.2-10.1” (182-257 mm)
80-column
136~column
7.2-14.3” (182-364 mm)
Up to 14.3” (364 mm)
0.0025-0.0055” (0.065-0.14 mm)
14-24 lb (45-78 kg) (52.3-90 g/m*)
Standard copier paper
Recycled paper (at normal temperature and
humidity levels)
Table 1-3. Specifications for Cut Sheets
(Carbonless Duplicating Paper)
Width
front insertion
Length
Quality
Thickness
Weight
Copies
1-6
7.2-10.1” (182-257 mm)
80-column
7.2-l 4.3” (182-364 mm)
136~column
Up to 11.7” (297 mm)
80-column
136~column
Up to 14.3” (364 mm)
Carbonless duplicating paper
0.0047-0.0086” (0.12-0.22 mm)
12-15 lb (34-50 kg) (40-58 g/m*) - each
4 sheets (1 original + 3 copies) maximum
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
Table 1-4. Specifications for Continuous Paper
Width
4- 10” (101-254 mm)
80-column
4-l 6” (101-406 mm)
136~column
0.0025-0.012” (0.065-0.32 mm)
14-22 lb (45-70 kg) (52.3-82 g/m*) - single sheet
12-l 5 lb (34-50 kg) (40-58.2 g/m*) - each
Standard or carbonless duplicating paper
Recycled paper (at normal temperature and
humidity levels)
4 sheets (1 original + 3 copies) maximum
Thickness
Weight
Quality
Copies
Table 1-5. Specifications for Envelopes
Size
No. 6
No. 10
Thickness
~
Weight
Quality
166 mm x 92 mm
240mmxlO4mm
0.16-0.52 mm (0.0063-0.0197”)
Differences in thickness within the printing
area must be less than 0.0098”
(0.25 mm).
12-24 lb (39-78 kg) (45-91 g/m*)
Bond paper, copier paper, airmail
Notes: 1. Envelopes must be inserted from the top.
2. Keep the longer side of the envelope horizontal during insertion.
3. Set the left edge of a No. 6 envelope at the sheet guide setting mark.
4. Do not feed envelopes with the standard-capacity cut-sheet feeder.
Table 1-6. Specifications for Labels
Size
Thickness
Quality
2 l/2” x 15/l 6”
4” x 15/l 6”
4” x 17/l 6”
0.0028-0.0031” (0.07-0.09 mm)
0.0063-0.0075” (0.16-0.19 mm)
Standard paper
- base paper
- total
Notes: 1. Labels must be fanfold.
2. Example of labels: Avery continuous form or mini-line labels.
3. Labels should be used with the pull tractor (front, bottom) or the front
push tractor.
4. Do not perform reverse feeds at any time (including by hand).
5. Remove labels from the paper path when not in use.
6. Label printing is possible only at normal temperature and humidity levels.
Epson FX-87011170
1-7
Printer Features
Table 1-7. Specifications for Roll Paper
Size
Thickness
Weight
Quality
Note:
-
8.5 f 0.12” (216 A 3 mm)
0.0028-0.0035” (0.07-0.09 mm)
14-22 lb (45-70 kg) (52.3-82 g/m*)
Standard paper
Roll paper is available optionally only for the 80-column model, and its diameter
must not exceed 5” (127 mm).
Printable Area
Cut sheets
top insertion
5.8-10.1”
5.8-16.5”
fkont insertion 7.2-10.1”
7.2-14.3”
(148-257 mm):
(148-420 mm):
(182-257 mm):
(182-364 mm):
80-column
136-column
80-column
136-column
T
-,
1‘
:
?
mJ
1
Figure 1-3. Printable Area for Cut Sheets
*l 0.12” (3.0 mm) or more when the paper width is less than 14.3’ (364 mm).
0.9” (25 mm) or more when the paper width is 16.5” (420 mm) (136column).
3.0 mm (0.12”) or more (80-column).
Note: Paper feed accuracy cannot be assured within 0.94” (24 mm) from the bottom
edge of the paper (for top insertion) or from within 1.9” (48.5 mm) from the
bottom edge of the paper (for front insertion).
1-8
Epson FX-8700170
--_
Printer Features
Continuous paper
101-254 mm (4-10"): 80 columns
101-406 mm (4-16"): 136 columns
>
*1
Printable Area
>L+
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
G
c
c
0
3
0
0
0
<I
0
ABCD
0 c
0
0
0
0
0
0
C
c
c
c
WXYZ g
J
0
-0
0
0
WXYZ g
I0
0
0
Figure 1-4. Printable Area for Continuous Paper
l 1 13 mm (0.51”) or more when the paper width is 4” to 9.5” (101 mm to 241 mm).
25 mm (1 ,O”) or more when the paper width is lo” (254 mm) (80 columns).
13 mm (0.51”) or more when the paper width is 4” to 14.87” (101 mm to 377.8 mm).
25 mm or more when the paper width is 15” to 16” (381 mm to 406 mm)
(136 columns).
Epson FX-870/1170
1-9
Printer Features
-_
Roll paper (80-column model only)
top insertion
216 2 3 mm (8.5 2 0.12”)
Printable Area
WXYZ
t
-,
WXYZ
J
-
Figure 1-5. Printable Area for Roll Paper
*I 0.12” (3.0 mm) or more
Note: Paper feed accuracy cannot be assured within 24 mm (0.94”) from the bottom
edge of the paper (top insertion only).
Ribbon Cartridge
Ribbon
Color
Whhnn Life
1-10
Cartridge type (same as F’X series)
80-column model
# 8750
136~column model
# 8755(M)
Subcartridge
# 8758
Black
3 million characters (at 14 dots/character)
EpsonFX-870/1170
Printer Features
Electrical Specifications
See Table l-8.
Table 1-8. Electrical Specifications for 120 V Model
Rated voltage
Input voltage range
Rated frequency range
Input frequency range
Rated current
Power consumption
.
Dielectric strength
120 VAC
103.5132 VAC
50-60 Hz
49560.5 Hz
1.8 A
Approx. 45 W ( 80 columns)
Approx. 45 W (136 columns)
(Self-test in draft mode, 10 cpi)
1.2K VAC rms, 1 second
(Between AC line and chassis)
Environmental Conditions
Table 1-9. Environmental Conditions
Temperature
5 to 350 C (41 to 95” F) - operating
-30 to 60” C (-22 to 140” F) - in shipment container
Humidity
10 to 80 % RH - operating
5to85%RH - non-operating
Resistance
to shock
1 G, within 1 ms - operating
2G, within 1 ms - non-operating
Resistance
to vibration
0.25 G, 55 Hz max. - operating
0.50 G, 55 Hz max. - non-operating
Reliability
5 million lines (excluding a printhead)
(MCBF: Mean Cycles Between Failures)
MTBF (expected value) 4000 power on hours (duty cycle 25%) (80~column)
6000 power on hours (duty cycle 25%) (136-column)
(MTBF: Mean Time Between Failures)
100 million characters (14 dots/character)
Printhead Life
MCBF
Epson FX-870/1170
1-11
Printer Features
Safety Approvals
Safety standards
RF1
*
UL1950 with D3
CSA!z2.2#220
FCC class B
Firmware Specifications
Print Control
Printing direction
Text mode
Bidirectional printing with logic seeking.
(Unidirectional printing can be specified by software.)
Bit image mode Unidirectional printing
Character sets ASCII characters
ESC/P mode IBM mode -
Italic, PC 437,850,860,863, 865, BRASCII, Abicomp
PC 473,865 (PC = Personal Computer character table )
Draft, NLQ Roman, NLQ Sans serif
Fonts:
Table l-10. Character Size and Pitch
Type of letters
Width
Height
[mm1
[mm1
Pica
Condensed
Elite
Condensed elite
2.1
1.05
1.7
0.85
3.1
3.1
3.1
3.1
Character pitch
[mm1
2.54 (10 cpi)
1.48 (17 cpi)
2.11‘ (12 cpi)
1.27 (20 cpi)
Table l-11. Printable Columns
Type of letters
80-column model
Pica
80
Condensed
137
Elite
96
Condensed elite
160
1-12
Printable columns [cpi]
136-column model
136
233
163
272
Epson FX-8700170
-
Printer Features
Table 1-12. Print Speed
Type of letters
High-speed draft
Draft pica
Draft elite
Condensed draft pica
Emphasized draft pica
NLQ normal pica
380
285
342
243
142
57
Print speed [cps]
11421
(320)
ii421
[1701
v221
1711
Notes: 1. The printing speed for high-speed drafl is reduced to the value in ‘I( )” with
thick paper (over 0.007 inches or 0.18 mm).
2. The printing speed for high-speed draft is reduced to the value of “draft
pica” when any graphic character is in the line.
3. The printing speed for draft is reduced to the value in ‘I[ I” when any italic
character is in the line.
4. The speed for high-duty printing is reduced to approximately half of each
speed, except for the printing speed in “[ I”.
Input Data Buffer
24K or OK bytes (selectable with power on default settings; see Pouter On Default
Settings, later in this chapter.)
Interfaces
This printer has a built-in, 8-bit Centronics parallel interface.
Parallel Interface
Data transmission mode
Synchronization
Handshaking
Logic level
Connector plug
&bit parallel
Controlled by external STROBE pulse.
Controlled by ACKNLG and BUSY signals.
TTL-compatible
57-30360 (Amphenol) or equivalent
It is recommended that the interface cable be as short as possible ( 10 feet or 3 meters,
maximum).
Epson FX-870/1170
1-13
Printer Features
I
BUSY
ACKNLG
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -.-
D A T A p
STROBE
t1
t,:
0.5 p-s (minimum)
t2:
7 w (approximate)
5:
5 w (approximate)
t1
t1
t2
t3
Figure 1-6. Data Transmission Timing
Table 1-13. Connector Pin Assignments and Signal Functions
Signal Return
Pin
Pin
No.
No.
Signal
Name
Dir.
1
19
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
DATA 1
20
21
DATA2
22
DATA3
23
DATA4
24
DATA5
DATA6
25
DATA7
26
27
DATA8
28 ACKNLG
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
In
out
11
29
BUSY
out
1-14
STROBE In
Description
-
STROBE pulse to read data in. Pulse
width must be more than 0.5 us at
receiving terminal.
These signals represent the 1st to 8th
bits of parallel data, respectively. Each
signal is HIGH when data is a logical 1
and LOW when a logical 0.
Approx. 12 us pulse. LOW indicates that
data has been received and that the
printer is ready to accept more data.
A HIGH signal indicates that the printer
cannot receive more data. The signal
becomes HIGH in the following cases:
1. During data entry
2. During input buffer full
3. During printer error status
Epson FX-870/1170
-
Printer Features
Table 1-13. Connector Pin Assignments and
Signal Functions (Cont.)
signal Return
Pin
Pin
Signal
No.
No.
Name
12
30 PE
13
14
15
16
17
18
9 to 30
31
-
Dir.
Out
-
-
AUTO FEED In
XT
NC
-0V
CHASSIS GND
-
32
-
33
34
35
-
36
-
NC
GND
im
In
ERROR
Out
GND
NC
--
-
SLCT
IN
In
Description
A HIGH signal indicates that the printer
is out of paper. .
Pulled up to +5 V through a 3.3K-ohm
resistor.
When this signal is LOW, paper is
automatically fed one line upon receipt of
a CR code. (This signal level can be set
LOW by default.)
Not used.
Logic GND level.
Printer chassis GND.
In the printer, the chassis GND and the
logic GND are short-circuited.
Not used.
Twisted-pair return signal GND level.
When the level of this signal becomes
LOW, the printer controller is reset to its
initial state and the print buffer is cleared.
This signal is normally at the HIGH level,
and its pulse width must be more than
50 us at the receiving terminal.
The level of this signal becomes LOW
when the printer is in 1. Paper-out status
2. Error status
Twisted-pair return signal GND level.
Not used.
Pulled up to +5V through a 3.3 K-ohm
resistor.
The data between DC3 and DC1 is invalid
when this signal is HIGH. (The level of
this signal is factory set to LOW.)
Notes: 1. Direction of signal flow is as viewed from the printer.
2. Return means twisted pair return and is to be connected at signal ground
level.
3. Be sure to use a twisted-pair cable for each signal, and always complete the
connection on the return side. To prevent noise effectively, these cables
Epson FX-870/1170
1-15
Printer Features
should be shielded and connected to the chassis of the host computer and
the printer, respectively.
4. All interface conditions are based on TTL level. Both the rise and fall times
of each signal must be less than 0.2 us.
5. Data transfers must not be carried out by ignoring the ACKNLG or BUSY
signal. (Data transfers to this printer can be carried out only after confirming the ACKNLG signal or when the level of the BUSY signal is LOW.)
-
Optional Interfaces
The following interface cards can be used for this printer:
Table 1-14. Optional Interfaces
I
Catalog W
C823051
C823071
C823101
C823141
C823151
1-16
I
Interface
I
Serial I/F card (Type B)
32KB intelligent serial I/F card (Type B)
32KB intelligent parallel I/F card (Type B)
Coax interface (Type B)
Twinax interface (Type B)
Epson FX-870/1170
-_
Printer Features
Control Panel
READY
,,
OPL,,
Figure 1-7. Control Panel
Buttons
OPERATE
PAUSE/TEAR OFF
PAPER FEED
IFONT
-
1 lock type button
(non-lock push-type buttons)
3 LEDs
Indicators
READY - (green)
FONT (Draft, Roman, Sans serif) - (green)
CONDENSED - (green)
Buttons
PAUSE
l
When there is data in the input buffer:
Selects printing or pause alternately.
l
When there is no data in the input buffer:
Advances continuous paper to tear-off position after the printer has printed all
received data and is ready to receive more print data.
PAPER FEED
l
When there is paper in the paper path:
Advances the paper line by line, using the current line spacing setting while the
printer is ready to print or paused by PAUSE button. Holding down the button for
about 1 second advances the paper to the next top-of-form (TOF) position.
l
When there is no paper in the paper path:
Loads continuous paper inserted in the push tractor or cut sheets in the CSF after
the printer has detected the paper out.
Epson FX-870/1170
1-17
Printer Features
FONT (ALT)
-
Selects NLQ Roman, NLQ Sans serif, Draft, and condensed ofthose 3 fonts in rotation:
(DraR
+
Sam serif *
Dra f t cond. 3
Sam cond. +
Roman
+
Draft
+
Roman cond. 3
Draft cond. . ...)
(The factory setting is Draft, uncondensed font.) The selection is executed when the
button is released and is stored in non-volatile memory.
Micro Feed Function
l
l
When paper is in the paper path:
1. Press the PAUSE button to stop printing.
2. Hold down the FONT (ALT) button and press the PAUSE button to enter the
micro feed mode.
3. The FONT and CONDENSED lights blink alternately to indicate that the
printer is in micro feed mode.
In micro feed mode:
PAUSE
Advances the paper forward by 2/216 inch per step.
PAPER FEED
Moves the paper backward by 2/216 inch per step.
Depending on the time when the micro feed is activated, it will micro-adjust the
following positions:
l
l
l
the loading position (immediately after paper is loaded in the printer).
the tear-off position (when paper has been advanced for tear off).
the current print position (this position is not stored in memory).
The adjustedloading and tear-off positions are stored in non-volatile memory (except
for the position of cut sheets loadedby manual insertion). You can endmicro feedmode
by pressing the FONT button again. The printer exits this mode automatically when
any data arrives from the host computer.
-
1-18
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
Bin Selection for the Cut Sheet Feeder
l
When there is no paper in the paper path:
Holding down the FONT (ALT) button while pressing PAUSE or PAPER FEED
alternates bin selection if a double-bin cut-sheet feeder is attached and friction feed
is selected.
Paper Ejection
Holding down the FONT (ALT) button and pressing PAPER FEED ejects a cut-sheet
forward or feeds continuous paper backward to the paper park position.
Indicators
READY
Ready to print:
Tear-off
Pause:
Paper error:
Head hot:
ON
Blinking
Blinking
Blinking
Blinking
(75%
(50%
(25%
(25%
duty)
duty)
duty)
duty)
FONT
Draft:
OFF
NLQ Roman: ON
Blinking
NLQ Sans serif:
CONDENSED
Normal pitch:
OFF
Condensed pitch: ON
When an error occurs, the READY, FONT, and CONDENSED LEDs are used in
combination to identify the error.
Table 1-15. Identification of Errors Using the LEDs
I
All indicators
Blinking simultaneously
Blinking simultaneously very quickly
Blinking sequentially in the clockwise direction
All on
Blinking in the counter-clockwise direction
Epson FX-870/1170
Error
Fatal error
Incorrect RAM
High voltage error
Low vottage error
Head thermistor open circuit error
1-19
Printer Features
Default Settings
-.
You can set certain default parameters to be used at printer initialization. To change
the parameters shown in Table l-16, Group 1 Features, follow the steps below:
1. Turn on the printer while pressing the FONT button. The printer beeps once and
prints the current default settings on the paper loaded in the paper path.
2. Press FONT to select a parameter. The FONT and CONDENSED LEDs turn
on, off, or blink to show the current parameter selected. Press FONT as many times
as necessary, until the LEDs indicate the setting to be changed. (See Table l-16.)
3. Press PAUSE to change the setting. The READY LED shows your selection.
4. Repeat this procedure for any Group 1 feature you want to change. (After you set
the feature at the bottom of Table 1-16, the printer returns to the first feature in
Table 1-16.)
5. When all the settings are as you want them, turn off the printer. The settings
are stored in non-volatile memory.
Table l-16. Group 1’Features
FONT
LED
OFF
COND.
LED
ON
Feature
Emulation
OFF
BLINKS
Character pitch
ON
OFF
Page length
ON
BLINKS
Skip over perforation
BLINKS
OFF
Zero face
BLINKS
ON
Auto tear-off
BLINKS
BLINKS
Auto LF with CR
Setting
ESC/P
IBM Proprinter
Pica
Elite
11 inch
12 inch
8.5 inch
70/6 inch (A4)
No skip
Skip 1 inch
READY
LED
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
BLINKS
BLINKS
FAST
OFF
ON
Note: The factory setting is that the READY LED is OFF for all features.
1-20
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
To change the settings shown in Table 1-17, Group 2 Features (ESC/P mode), or in
Table l-18, Group 2 Features (7BM mode), follow the steps below:
1. Turn on the printer while pressing the FONT and PAUSE buttons. The printer
beeps once and prints the current character table for either ESC/P or IBM mode
on the paper loaded in the paper path.
2. Press the FONT button to select the character table. The FONT, CONDENSED,
and BEADY LEDs turn on, off, or blink to show your selection. Press the FONT
button as many times as necessary until the FONT, CONDENSED, and BEADY
LEDs indicate the character set you want.
3. Turn off the printer. The settings are stored in non-volatile memory.
Table 1-17. Group 2 Features (ESC/P Mode)
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
BLINKS
BLINKS
BLINKS
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
ON
BLINK
ON
BLINKS
OFF
ON
BLINKS
OFF
ON
BLINKS
OFF
ON
BLINKS
OFF
ON
BLINK
OFF
Character Table
I
Italic
U.S. (standard setting)
France
Germany
U.K.
Denmark
Sweden
Italy
Spain
PC437
Character table
PC850
PC860
PC863
PC865
BRASCI I
Abicomp
Note: When the character table PCxxx is selected, that is assigned as the table
selected by the,ESC tl command. Then ESC tl and ESC 6 are set as defaults.
(Codes 80-9FH are printable characters.)
Epson FX-870/1170
1-21
Printer Features
Table l-18. Group 2 Features (IBM Mode)
FONT COND. READY
LED
L E D
LED
OFF
OFF
ON
OFF
OFF BLINKS
OFF
ON
OFF
[ OFF 1 ON 1 ON
Character Table
Character table PC437 (table 1) (standard)
PC437 (table 2)
PC865 (table 1)
PC865 (table 2)
Notes: 1. For table 1, codes 80-9FH are control codes. (ESC 7 is set.)
For table 2, codes 80-9FH are printable characters. (ESC 6 is set.)
2. The character tables for ESC/P mode and IBM mode aresaved independently
in non-volatile memory.
Power On Default Settings
The printer also lets you change some of its power on parameters. To change the
settings shown in Table 1-19, Group 3 Features (Power On Settings), follow the steps
below.
1. Turn on the printer while pressing the PAUSE and PAPER FEED buttons.
2. After a few seconds, press the buttons indicatedin Table 1-19 to change parameters.
Table 1-19. Group 3 Features (Power-on Settings)
Button
PAUSE
PAPER FEED
FONT
Feature
Input buffer
Draft printing speed
Auto CR
Betting
valid p 0) or invalid p)
high p 0) or normal p)
valid p 0) or invalid p)
T
standard (factory) setting
Notes: 1. Auto CR moves the next print position to the left margin when a LF or the
ESC J code is sent.
2.‘~‘isonebeep,and‘*~ ’ is two beeps. If no operation is executed within a
few seconds, the printer exits the power on selection mode with five beeps
( l l l l 0). The selected value is stored in non-volatile memory.
3. The printer automatically becomes ready to print after the selection.
Self-Test
Press PAPER FEED while turning on the printer to put it in self-test mode. To stop
the self-test, turn off the printer. (The control panel is still operational in self-test
mode for paper handling and font selection.) When pages are printed from the cut1-22
Epson FX-870/1170
-
Printer Features
sheet feeder (CSF), the first sheet is used for scaling the sheet length. Then, the
maximum number of printable lines is printed in the bottom line of the sheet and
saved in non-volatile memory as the default page length. Page lengths are saved
individually when a dual-bin CSF is in use.
The self test prints out the following:
l
Maximum printable lines (only on cut sheets t%om the CSF)
l Firmware version
l Current default settings
l
Short help messages for control panel operation
l
A pattern of characters, as shown below.
Figure l-8. Self-Test Printout
Hexadecimal Dump
Press the PAUSE button while turning on the printer to put it in hexadecimal dump
mode. In this mode, the printer prints out the hexadecimal format for received data,
along with the corresponding ASCII characters. This function is useful to check
received data from the host. If a received code is not a printable ASCII character, the
printer prints a period (.) in the ASCII column.
See Tables 3-10 and 3- 11 for a hex listing of the commands acceptable to this printer.
Figure 1-9. Hexadecimal Dump Printout
Epson FX-870/1170
1-23
Printer Features
Paper-out Detection
If the paper-out sensor detects a paper out, the printer automatically enters a pause
condition after feeding or printing several lines. When a paper-out is detected, load
new paper properly and set the printer ready to print by pressing the PAUSE button.
Auto Tear-off
When the release lever is set to one of the tractor positions, paper advances to the tearoff position automatically, if the input buffer is empty and paper is at the top-of-form
position (as long as the printer receives no additional data after receiving a form feed).
If it receives new data, the printer reverse feeds paper to its original position and
starts printing. This function can be disabled in the default setting mode.
Buffer Full Printing
The printer stores received data in the input data buffer, and prints it when it
encounters a print command (CR) or when the buffer becomes full.
Thermal Protection
When the thermistor detects that printhead temperature exceeds 180” F (82” C), the
printer stops printing to protect the printhead from overheating.
High-Duty Printing
When the +35 V monitor circuit determines that printing duty is too heavy for the
power supply because the line voltage has dropped, the printer stops printing until
the voltage recovers. It then continues printing the rest of the document at halfspeed.
Sheet Loading and Sheet Ejection
The release lever engages or disengages the tractor unit drive mechanism. The lever’s
operation provides improved paper-handling functions:
l
Automatic cut-sheet loading without the cut-sheet feeder
Move the release lever to the FRICTION position and load a sheet using the paper
guide (top or optional front). A few seconds later, the sheet is automatically loaded
to the top-of-form position, and the printer becomes ready to print.
. Automatic cut-sheet loading and ejection with the cut-sheet feeder
Move the release lever to the FRICTION position, and load a stack of paper into the
cut-sheet feeder hopper. Pressing PAPER FEED loads the sheet to the top-of-form
1-24
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
position. If a paper out is detected before printing starts, the sheet is loaded
automatically to the top-of-form position, without PAPER FEED being pressed.
l
Continuous paper loading and ejection (paper park)
Move the release lever to REAR PUSH/FRONT PUSH position and load paper into
the tractor unit. Press PAPER FEED to load the paper automatically to the top-ofform position. If a paper-out is detected before printing starts, paper is loaded
automatically to the top-of-form position, without PAPER FEED being pressed.
If the FONT+PAPER FEED buttons are pressed when continuous paper is loaded, the
paper is ejected backward to the paper park position. To feed several pages backward,
repeat this operation several times.
Adjust Lever Operation
You must set the platen gap adjust lever to the proper position (from the 8 steps
available) for the paper thickness. If this lever is set to position 2 (the 4th step) or
higher, printing speed and paper feeding speed are reduced.
Table l-20. Lever Positions
I Lever Position I
0 (2nd step)
1 (3rd step)
2 (4th step)
3 (5th step)
Paber Thickness
0.0024 - 0.0048 inches (0.06 - 0.12 mm)
0.0052 - 0.0068 inches (0.13 - 0.17 mm)
0.0072 - 0.01 inches (0.18 - 0.25 mm)
0.0104 - 0.0128 inches (0.26 - 0.32 mm)
I
Note: If printing density is light, set the platen gap adjust lever position one step closer.
Position 1 (3rd step)
Lever
Figure l-10. Lever Positions
Epson FX-870/1170
1-25
Printer Features
Printer Initialization
The printer is initialized in the following cases.
l
l
When the printer is turned on.
When the INIT signal or CMREQ (optional I/F ) is input.
When the printer is initialized, it performs the following functions:
l
The printhead returns to the leftmost position (carriage home).
l
The READY LED lights.
l
The printer clears the print buffer and input data buffer.
l
The line spacing is set to l/6 inch.
l
The page length and skip-over-perforation settings are returned to their default
values.
l
All vertical tab positions are cleared.
l
The horizontal tab positions are set to every 8 columns.
. The print mode is set to the default value set fkom the control panel and stored in
non-volatile memory.
TOF position is reset in the following cases.
. Power on
l Receipt of the INIT signal or CMIXEQ (optional I/F)
l Receipt of a software reset command (ESC Q)
. Receipt of a page length command (ESC C)
Note: The CMREQ signal goes LOW when the command request is sent from the
optional card to the main system.
1-26
Epson FX-87CY1170
Printer Features
Buzzer
The buzzer beeps for 0.1 second at a time. These beep sounds are combined in various
ways, as shown below, to indicate different meanings. In the following table, each ” l ”
stands for one beep.
Table 1-21. Buzzer Functions
Description
Sounds when a BEL code is received.
A carriage error has occurred.
(Indicators blink sequentially in the
clockwise direction.)
=atal error
(Indicators blink simultaneously.)
No beeps.
- RAM
ncorrect memory m w a y
0.ae.0ao.0
- E*PROM
‘aper error
- - - - - Continuous paper has run out.
Paper in the CSF has run out.
Paper was not present at the start of a
self-test.
A sheet could not be ejected from the
CSF.
no
Anotherpaperdetectionerroroccurred:
With single-sheet feed selected, no
paper is present.
Continuous paper can’t be loaded.
Paper runs out after the PAPER FEED
button is pressed.
(continuously till corrected)
-. . .
Illegal paper
The release lever was changed while
release/unrelease
there was paper in the paper path.
Change the lever again or remove the
paper in the path to stop the sound.
Power-on operation (self test, hex
Recognition of l
dump, default setting, or power-on)
operation
CSF bin -1 selected.
”
CSF bin -2 selected.
.
The adjusted value set with micro feed
Micro feed
is the same as the factory setting value
(loading position or tear-off position).
(continuously until button is released)
-. . .
The micro feed value has reached its
upper or lower limit.
Status
3EL code
Zarriage trouble
Joltage error
-.
Epson FX-870/1170
Sound
0
- No beeps.
1-27
Printer Features
Main Components
The components of the FX-870/1170 are designed for easy removal and replacement
during maintenance and repair. The main components are:
l
l
l
l
l
C094 MAIN board assembly
C094 PNL board assembly
C076 PSB board assembly
Printer mechanism
Housing assembly
The following figure shows the main components of the FX-870/1170.
Platen Gap Adjust Lever
Release Lever
B Board Assembly
IN Board Assembly
Pril iter Mechanism
Figure 1-11. Main Components
1-28
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
C094 MAIN Board Assembly (Main Control Circuit Board)
Basically, the same board layout is used in both the 136~column model and the 80column model. The CPU on this board controls all the main functions of the printer.
It consists of a TMP90C041F 8-bit CPU, an E05A55YA gate array, an E2PROM, a
PSRAM, a MASK ROM, motor drivers, and head drive transistors.
PF MOTOR
DRIVER
,,DAld-lfil-l
CPU
TM,p,),
CTRr”.“’
CR MOTOR
E2PROM
o”-+q
/ I; ; M
1”
A
S
K
R
O
M
I/F
HEAD DRIVE
TRANSISTORS
GAiE ARRAY
E05A66YA
Figure 1-12. CO94 MAIN Board Assembly
(Main Control Circuit Board)
Epson FX-870/1170
1-29
Printer Features
C094 PNL Board Assembly (Control Panel Circuit Board)
This boardis the control panel ofthe F’X-870/1170, consisting of a power button, three
function buttons, and three indicator LEDs.
Figure 1-13. CO94 PNL Board Assembly
(Control Panel Circuit Board)
CO76 PSB Board Assembly (Power Supply Circuit Board)
This board is composed of an input filter circuit, a transforming circuit, a switching
regulator circuit, a rectifying circuit, a smoothing circuit, and various protecting
circuits.
Figure 1-14. CO76 PSB Board Assembly
(Power Supply Circuit Board)
1-30
Epson FX-87011170
Printer Features
Printer Mechanism
The printer mechanism consists of a g-pin impact dot head, a carriage mechanism,
a carriage motor, a paper feed mechanism, a paper feed motor, a ribbon feed
mechanism, and various sensors.
136-column model
80-column model
Figure l-16. Printer Mechanism
Epson FX-870/1170
1-31
Printer Feature8
Housing Assembly
The printer mechanism and all the boards are contained in a housing assembly that
consists of the upper case and the lower case.
Figure 1-16. Housing Assembly
1-32
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
Commonly Asked Questions and Answers
This section contains facts that customers often want to know about this printer.
The question-and-answer format is to make it easier for you to scan through the
information.
1.
Q. What are the FX-870 and FX-1170 printers?
A. The FX-870 and FX-1170 printers are the direct replacements for the
FX-850 and FX-1050 printers.
2.
Q. What is the rated print speed for the FX-870 and the FX 1170?
A. 380 cps in high-speed draft
285 cps in draft pica
342 cps in draft elite
3.
Q. What printer operating modes are built into the FX-870/1170?
A.
l
l
4.
Epson ESC/P
IBM Proprinter (X or XL, for narrow or wide carriage)
Q. What are the resident fonts are in these printers, and are they
scalable?
A. Draft, Roman, and Sans Serif. The FX-870 and FX-1170 do not support
Epson ESC/P2 scalable fonts.
5.
Q. If the program I am running does not list the FX-870 or FX-1170 as a
printer selection, what other printer can I select in my software?
A. Acceptable driver selections for Epson mode are listed below in order of
preference:
l FX-850
. EX-800
l FX-86e
l
FX-80+
l Epson Printer
l g-pin Printer
FX- 1050
EX-1000
FX-286e
FX- lOO+
Acceptable driver selections for IBM mode are listed below:
l
6.
IBM Proprinter (X for narrow carriage or XL for wide carriage)
Q. What is the rated life of the ribbon and printhead?
A. Ribbon
Printhead
Epson FX-870/1170
3 million characters at 14 dots per character
100 million characters at 14 dots per character
1-33
Printer Features
7.
Q. Do the FX-870 and FX-1170 use the same ribbons as the FX-850 and
FX- 1050?
A. Yes.
8750 (fabric) for the FX-870
8755 (fabric) for the FX-1170
8758 ribbon only replacement pack
(Never use ribbons for 24-pin printers. To extend printhead life, use only
the Epson ribbons listed above.)
8.
Q. What is the part number for the printhead?
A. F031000
If any of the pins in the printhead are shorted, be sure to replace the
main board at the same time as the printhead.
Q. What type of interface is built into the FX-870/1170?
9.
A. The FX-870 and FX-1170 have the most commonly used interface port:
l Centronics parallel
The printer also has an additional slot for an Epson Type B interface.
10. Q. What is the size of the input buffer for the built-in parallel interface?
A. 24K (can be enabled or disabled in the default setting mode)
11. Q. What accessories are available for the FX-870 and FX-1170?
A.
FX-870
Part No.
C808371
C803881
c800201
C814001
C823051
c823071
C823101
C823141
c823151
Cl -9E-A
8310
FX-1170
Part No.
C808391
C808401
C800211
C814011
C823051
C823071
C823101
C823141
C823151
Cl -9E-A
Description
Single bin cut sheet feeder
High-capacity cut sheet feeder
Additional tractor unit
Front sheet guide
Serial interface
32KB serial interface
32KB parallel interface
Coax interface
Twinax interface
Parallel printer cable
Roll paper holder (FX-870 only)
12. Q. What is the capacity of the optional cut-sheet feeders?
A
CSF
Single-bin
High-capacity
Capacity
50 sheets (no envelopes, multi-part forms, or labels)
150 sheets/25 envelopes (no multi-part forms or labels)
-
1-34
Epson FX-870/1170
Printer Features
13. Q. How many paper paths are there for the FX-870 and FX-1170?
A. The printers have 4 paper paths:
Top feed
Bottom feed
Rear feed
Front feed
14. Q. How is the tractor used for feeding with the FX-870/1170?
A. The FX-870 and FX-1170 come with one tractor, which can be positioned
for three different types of feeding:
Front feed push tractor
Rear feed push tractor
Top-mounted pull tractor
15. Q. How many sheets of multi-part paper can the FX-870/1170 handle?
A. 4, including the original (carbonless only). The printer can handle cutsheet multi-part forms using friction feed fkom the front sheet guide.
16. Q. Can the FX-870 and FX-1170 print on labels?
A. Yes, at normal temperature and humidity levels. Use continuous type
labels only. Never back feed labels.
17. Q. Can the FX-870 and FX-1170 print on envelopes?
A. Yes, at normal temperature and humidity levels. You can use No. 6 and
No. 10 envelopes (up to .0197 inches thick).
18. Q. What is the printer’s duty cycle?
A. 25%. This means that out of every hour, the FX-870/1170 can print
continuously for only 15 minutes.
19. Q. How do I get a printout of the current printer settings?
A. Hold down the PAPER FEED button while you turn on the printer.
20. Q. Are there DIP switch settings for these printers?
A.
No. AI1 default settings are made from the control panel and stored to
the E2PROM. (For more information on setting the defaults, see
page l-20.)
21. Q. What is the decibel level for the FX-870/1170?
A. 55 dB(A).
Epson FX-870/1170
1-35
Installation and Setup
Chapter 2
Installation and Setup Procedures
Site Requirements ....................................................................................
Removing the Packing Materials .............................................................
The Correct Power On Sequence ..............................................................
Running the Self-Test ..............................................................................
Connecting Printer Cables .......................................................................
Parallel Cables .................................................................................
Serial Cables ....................................................................................
Checking the Printer with the Computer ................................................
Parallel Connection to an MS-DOS Computer ...............................
Serial Connection to an MS-DOS Computer ...................................
Tips to Increase Printer Life ....................................................................
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
List of Figures
Figure 2-1. Serial Cable Configuration to a
9-Pin Computer Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Figure 2-2. Serial Cable Configuration to a
25-Pin Computer Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Epson FX-870/1170
2-2
2-3
2-i
Installation and Setup Procedures 2
This chapter provides tips to help you select a site, set up, and test the printer. There is
information on the using the parallel and serial interfaces, along with cabling
configurations for serial transmission. The last portion of the chapter provides information
customers need to know about this printer to ensure maximum problem-free operation.
Site Requirements
.
Selection of a suitable location is essential to proper operation of the FX-870/1170. The
printer must be placed on a level, stable surface in a clean environment, which is not
subject to rapid fluctuations in temperature, vibration, ordirect sunlight.
Use this list in placement of the printer:
.
.
a
.
0
.
Place the printer on a stable, flat surface capable of supporting at least twice the
weight of the printer (30 lb. for the narrow carriage printer or 40 lb. for the wide
carriage).
If you are using the built-in parallel interface, place the printer close enough to the
computer that you need a cable no longer than 10 feet, maximum. If the printer must
be farther than 10 feet from the computer, install an optional Type B serial interface.
Leave adequate space around the printer for proper ventilation.
Avoid electrical outlets controlled by wall switches or automatic timers. Accidental
disruption of power can erase information stored in printer memory.
Keep the entire computer system away from potential causes of electromagnetic
interference, such as loudspeakers or the base unit of cordless telephones.
Avoid dusty environments.
Removing the Packing Materials
Be sure to remove all the protective tape and packing material for the printer before
attempting to put the printer together. Refer to the Notice Sheet inserted in the printer for
directions. Save the packing materials in case the printer needs to be shipped later.
The Correct Power On Sequence
While the printer is plugged in, power is always applied to the secondary circuit. When you
press the OPERATE button, the printer performs the following power on sequence:
.
.
.
Checks RAM and E2PROM
Moves the carriage back and forth until it finds the home position.
Lights control panel LEDs.
If the printer cannot complete this sequence successfully, refer to Chapter 3,
Troubleshooting. Otherwise, turn the printer off, and perform the self-test.
Epson FX-870/1170
2-1
Installation and Setup
Running the Self-Test
The self-test checks the printer mechanically and electronically to make sure it works
properly. If the printer runs the self-test successfully, it means that everything is
operational in the printer (with the possible exception of the interface circuit).
To run the self-test, hold down the PAPER PEED button while turning on the printer. You
can use any paper path and any acceptable paper type to run the self-test. To stop the selftest, simply turn off the printer.
Connecting Printer Cables
Parallel Cables
The cable you connect to the built-in parallel Centronics interface should be a shielded,
twisted-pair cable no longer than 10 feet (3 meters), maximum. If the cable has a frame
ground connector, attach it to the frame ground terminal beside the parallel connector in
the back of the printer. (See Table 1-13 for pin assignments and signal functions for the
parallel interface.)
Serial Cables
If you install an optional Type B interface in the printer slot, you must use an RS-232C null
modem cable.
The cable configuration for connecting the printer serially to a g-pin (AT-type) computer
connector is shown in the figure below.
25-pin to Spin Serlal Cable
Printer
Computer
Sick
side
J
2m
3
RXD
4
2
7 SGND.
,l
FKS
.2 RXD
3 TXD
+5 SGND
*6 CTS
,8 DCD
20 DTR
Figure 2-1. Serial Cable Configuration to a O-Pin Computer Connector
2-2
Epson FX-870/1170
-,
Installation and Setup
The cable configuration for connecting the printer serially to a 25-pin (XT-type) computer
connector is shown in the figure below.
25pin to 25pin Serial Cable
PtiIltff
side
1 FGND,
Computer
,l FGND
:~.-x,xl
5 CTS 4
,5 CTS
6 DSR 4
+6 DSR
Figure 2-2. Serial Cable Configuration to a 25Pin Computer Connector
-
Checking the Printer with the Computer
The paragraphs below describe ways to check the computer’s connection to the printer. If
you have problems after performing these checks, see Chapter 3, Troubleshooting.
Parallel Connection to an MS-DOS Computer
Once you have connected the printer to the computer, you can test the connection by sending a print screen to the printer. (At the MS-DOS prompt, type DIR and press Enter. Then
press Print Screen or Shift+Print Screen.)
If the printer does not respond, try modifying the MS-DOS MODE command. From the
MS-DOS directory, type the following command and press Enter:
MODE LPTn,,P
In this command, n represents the port you are sending data through (typically LPTl or
LPTB) and P specifies unlimited retries for time-out errors. The computer will respond with
the message:
Resident portion of MODE loaded
Infinite retry on parallel printer time-out
Epson FX-870/1170
2-3
Installation and Setup
Then try sending a print screen again or type: DIR > PRN and press Enter at the MS-DOS
prompt to print a listing of the current directory.
(If you needed to change the MS-DOS MODE command to reroute the computer’s output to
the correct port, edit the system’s AUTOEXEC.BAT file to include this MODE command
automatically.)
Serial Connection to an MS-DOS Computer
Assuming you installed a 0KB or 32KB serial interface and did not change the DIP
switches on the interface card, the interface is set for the following:
9600 baud, 8 data bits, no parity.
To match this setting in the host computer, change the interface configuration. From the
MS-DOS directory, type the following MS-DOS command and press Enter:
MODE COMn:N,8,1,P
In this command, n represents the port you are sending data through (typically COMl or
COM2), N means no parity, 1 is one stop bit, and P specifies unlimited retries for time-out
errors. The computer will respond with the message:
Resident portion of MODE loaded
Infinite retry on serial printer time-out
To verify the connection, send a print screen to the printer. (At the MS-DOS prompt, type
DIR Enter. Then press Print Screen or Shift+Print Screen.) Or, type: DIR > PRN and press
Enter at the MS-DOS prompt to print a listing of the current directory.
(If you needed to change the MS-DOS MODE command to reroute the computer’s output to
the correct port, edit the system’s AUTOEXEC.BAT file to include this MODE command
automatically.)
Tips to Increase Printer Life
Although the FX-870/1170 does not require any routine maintenance, there are a few
things Epson owners can do to prolong the life of their printer:
l
Do not print continuously for long periods of time.
The FX-870/1170 has a 26% duty cycle. This means that it is built to run continuously
for 15 minutes out of every hour. Exceeding the duty cycle can cause the printhead to
overheat. Although the printhead has a built-in thermistor to protect it, if the printer
overheats repeatedly, it can result in printer failure.
l
Use only ribbons recommended by Epson for this printer, and do not re-ink ribbons.
The ink in the Epson-recommended ribbons for this product is especially formulated
with a lubricant that makes the printhead last longer. The ink in cheap ribbons can
gum up the printhead. Be-inking a used ribbon can cause the printhead pins to catch
on the worn ribbon fabric.
2-4
Epson FX-870/1170
-
Troubleshooting
Chapter 3
Troubleshooting
Test Points ................................................................................................
Error Codes ...............................................................................................
Problem Isolation .....................................................................................
Serial Communications Errors ........................................................
Connector Locations ...............................................................................
Sensor Locations .....................................................................................
Hex Quick Reference Table for ESC/P Commands ...............................
Hex Quick Reference Table for IBM Commands ...................................
3-1
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-18
3-19
3-21
3-23
List of Figures
Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-3.
Figure 3-4.
Figure 3-5.
Figure 3-6.
Printhead Resistance ..........................................................
Connector Locations ..........................................................
Release Sensor ...................................................................
Home Position Sensor .......................................................
Platen Gap Sensor .............................................................
Front and Rear PE Sensors ..............................................
3-3
3-18
3-19
3-19
3-20
3-20
List of Tables
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
3-5.
3-6.
3-7.
3-8.
3-9.
3-10.
3-11.
Epson FX-870/1170
Power Supply Test Points ................................................... 3-1
Sensor Test Points ............................................................... 3-2
Motor Test Points and Coil Resistance ............................... 3-2
Printhead Test Points and Coil Resistance ....................... .3-3
Printhead Driver Test Points .............................................. 3-4
Carriage and Paper Feed Motor Driver Test Points ......... .3-4
Error Codes .......................................................................... 3-5
Symptoms and Flowchart References ................................. 3-6
Identifying Serial Communications Errors ....................... 3-7
Hex Codes for ESC/P Commands ..................................... 3-21
Hex Codes for IBM Commands ......................................... 3-23
3-i
Troubleshooting 3
The information in this section can help you identify causes of printer problems and test the
printer to isolate the part that needs to be replaced. The chapter also contains illustrations
showing connector locations and sensor locations. Once you have read this chapter to
determine what tests you need to run on the printer, see Chapter 4 for instructions on how to
disassemble the printer.
WARNING
Before disassembling the printer to perform any troubleshooting tests, disconnect the
power supply cable from the AC power outlet. Failure to do so may cause physical injury.
The power switch is wired in the secondary circuitry. Therefore, the printer’s primary
circuitry remains live even after the power switch is turned off.
When performing the testing described in this chapter, do not connect the printer to the
power source unless instructed to do so in the test. When the power supply must be
connected, use extreme caution, because the voltage may cause physical injury and may
, damage the components of the printer.
Test Points
The test point tables and diagrams have been placed at the front of this chapter to provide you
with a quick reference for checking motors, the printhead, printhead drivers, sensors, and the
power supply, if you suspect a problem.
Table 3-1. Power Supply Test Points
Gower Supply
Connector
Pin Numbers
Test Method
(Set Meter to Continuity.
Check with Printer Power Off.)
11 and3
(CW
Place one lead on pin 11 and the other on
pin 3 (ground).
Continuity/open means OPERATE is activated
and you can check the power supply voltages.
Power Supply
Connector
Pin Numbers
Test Method
(Set Meter to Volts.
Check with Printer Power On.)
Meter Reading
1 and3
Meter Reading
+5 v
VW
Place the + lead on pin 1 (5 V) and the
- lead on pin 3 (ground).
9and3
CN2
Place the + lead on pin 9 (35 V) and the
- lead on pin 3 (ground).
+35 v
E p s o n FX-870/1170
3-1
Troubleshooting
Table 3-2. Sensor Test Points
Test Method
(Set Meter to Ohms.
Check with Printer Power Off.)
Sensor
Connector
Number
Release Lever
(CN4)
Platen Gap
(CW
CR Home
(CN7)
Front PE
(CN3)
Place one lead on each pin. Change the release
Meter should toggle between
lever position.
open and short.
Place one lead on each pin. Change the adjust
lever position.
Meter should toggle between
open and short.
Place one lead on each pin. Move carriage to and
away from home position.
Meter should toggle between
open and short. (Closed = active.)
Place one lead on each pin. Toggle sensor by
inserting and removing paper.
Meter should toggle between
open and short. (Open = active.)
Sensor
Connector
Number
Rear PE
Test Method
(Set Meter to Volts.
Check with Printer Power On.)
Place one lead on pin 3 (GND) and one on pin 2
(PER). Toggle by inserting and removing paper.
W9)
Meter Reading
Meter Reading
Meter should toggle between 0 V
and HIGH.
Note: Illustrations later in this chapter show sensor locations.
Table 3-3. Motor Test Points and Coil Resistance
Test Method
(Set Meter to Ohms. Disconnect
Motor from Main Board and Check
it with Printer Power Off.)
Meter Reading
1,2,3,4
Place one lead on pin 5 and the other lead
on each of the four test pins to check the
four motor phases.
5R *7%
(at 77” F,
25” C)
6
1 and2
5
3and4
Put one lead on pin 6 and the other lead
on pin 1 and then on pin 2.
Put one lead on pin 5 and the other lead
on pin 3 and then on pin 4.
6352 *352
(at 77” F,
25” C)
Motor
Connector
Number
Common
Pin
Numbers
Test Pin
Numbers
Carriage
Motor
(CN13)
5
Paper Feed
Motor
VW
Notes:
l
l
3-2
Common pins may be reversed. If you do not obtain the proper reading with one common, try
the other common for that motor. If you still do not obtain proper readings, the motor is bad.
If any phase of the motor is shorted, see Table 3-6 to check the main board. (If the drivers on
the main board are also shorted, and the board is not replaced at the same time as the motor,
the short in the main board drivers may burn out the new motor.)
E p s o n FX-670/1170
Troubleshooting
[TERMINAL ASSIGNMENT]
Ho
#8 0
#I7 0
#6 0
#I5 0.
#4 0
#3 0
#2 0
#’ 0
Note:
The printhead is
upside down in
this illustration.
[WIRE ASSIGNMENT]
Note:
1
The commons correspond to the following
printhead dot wires:
J
COM. 2 = #2, #4, #6
COM. 8 = #7, #8, #9
COM. 14=#1,#3,#5
Figure 3-1. Printhead Resistance
Table 3-4. Printhead Test Points and Coil Resistance
Connector
Number
Common
Pin
Numbers
Printhead
2
8
14
-
Thermistor
-
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Connector
Test Pin
Numbers
Test Method
(Set Meter to Ohms. Disconnect
Printhead and Check it with
Printer Power Off.)
Meter Reading
16.5&-I *1.6S2
Place one lead on pin 2 and the other on
(at 77” F,
test pins 1,3, and 5 to check the
resistance of printhead dots #2, #4, and #6.
25” C)
4,6, and 13
Place one lead on pin 8 and the other on
test pins 4, 6, and 13 to check the
resistance of printhead dots #7, #8, and #9.
10,i 1, and 12 Place one lead on pin 14 and the other lead
on each of the test pins 10, 11, and 12 to
check the resistance of printhead dots
#l , #3, and #5.
Approx. 9.3 K R
7and9
Place one lead on each pin.
1,3,and5
3-3
Troubleshooting
Table 3-5. Printhead Driver Test Points
-
Test Method
(Set Meter to Diodes. Check with Printer Power Off.)
Transistor
Numbers
Q2, Q4, Q5
Q6, Q8, Q9
Ql 0, Ql 1, Q12
Emitter and base are marked on the CO94 MAIN board.
Check from base to collector, from base to emitter, and
from emitter to collector. Reverse leads and test again.
Q3, Q7, Q13
Meter Reading
Consistent readings for all
transistors, within YZ 20%.
Not open and not shorted
between base and collector
and base and emitter.
Table 3-6. Carriage and Paper Feed Motor Driver Test Points
CR Motor
Driver (IC6)
‘in Numbers
1, 8,
ll,and18
on chip
SLA7024M
PF Motor
Driver (El)
‘in Numbers
Test Method
(Set Meter to Diodes.
Check with Printer Power Off.)
Pins 1 and 18 are marked on board. All odd
pins are on one side, and even are on the
other. Place + lead on pin 4 (ground) and
- lead on each of the four pins.
Test Method
(Set Meter to Diodes.
Check with Printer Power Off.)
Meter Reading
Consistent readings from all pins within f 20%.
Not open and not shorted. (The typical reading
is 547, but the reading is not as important as
consistency.)
--.
Meter Reading
3, 5, 7, and
9 on chip
UPA1476H
Pins 1 and 10 are marked on board. Place
+ lead on pin 1 (ground), and count over
to find each of the four pins to be checked.
Consistent readings from all pins within f 20%
Not open and not shorted. (The typical reading
is .672, but consistency is most important.)
PF
Transistor
Test Method
(Set Meter to Diodes.
Check with Printer Power Off.)
Meter Reading
Q15
Emitter and base are marked on board.
Check from base to collector, from base to
emitter, and from emitter to collector.
Reverse leads and test again.
Consistent readings for all transistors, within
* 20%. Not open and not shorted between
base and collector and base and emitter.
-.
3-4
Epson FX-870/1170
Troubleshooting
Error Codes
Table 3-7. Error Codes
Error Warning
Cause
Error
3uzzer beeps:
moo.0
Carriage error
Use flowchart 2 in this chapter to isolate
the problem.
3uzzer beeps:
Y.0.0..
Memory error
RAM abnormality.
3uzzer beeps:
Memory error
E2PROM abnormality.
Paper out error
l
mnnnn
3uzzer beeps:
moooooOenoeonnn
l
l
l
Buzzer beeps:
Paper out error
m
l
l
l
Continuous paper has run out.
There is no cut sheet paper in the CSF.
No paper was present at the start of
a self-test.
The CSF cannot eject a sheet.
Single sheet feed is selected and
no paper is present.
Continuous paper cannot be loaded.
Paper runs out after the PAPER FEED
button has been pressed.
Buzzer beeps:
- (continuously).
Paper release error
The paper release lever is set to an
inappropriate position.
All indicators blink
simultaneously.
Fatal error
Voltage error, head thermistor error, bad
RAM, CPU, or other fatal error.
All indicators blink
simultaneously quickly.
Memory error
Incorrect RAM
All indicators blink
sequentially in the
clockwise direction.
High-voltage error
The power supply voltage is abnormal.
Use flowchart 1 in this chapter to
isolate the problem.
All indicators blink
sequentially in counterclockwise direction.
Thermistor error
The head thermistor has an open circuit
error.
All indicators are on.
Low-voltage error
The power supply voltage is abnormal. Use
flowchart 1 in this chapter to isolate the
problem.
Note: In the table above, each l represents one beep. See Table 1-21 for information on non-error buzzer
functions.
Epson FX-870/1170
3-5
Troubleshooting
Problem Isolation
Most printer problems can be corrected by replacing the defective unit. First, identify the
problem from the symptoms you observe using the table below. Then, follow the instructions in
the corresponding flowchartto correct the problem.
Table 3-8. Symptoms and Flowchart References
Possible Problems .
Symptom
Printer dead, or abnormal
operation at power on.
Carriage does not move, or
carriage operation abnormal.
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
Self-test printout has poor
quality.
l
l
l
l
l
Printing is darker on one
side of the page than on
the other side.
Printing is intermittently
dark and light.
l
l
l
l
l
Data from the host is
printed incorrectly. (Host is
assumed to have checked
out OK with another printer.)
3-6
See
Chart 1.
Possible power supply voltage problem.
l
A motor or printhead may be shorted.
. CO94 MAIN board may be bad.
l
l
Paper does not feed, or
paper feeds abnormally.
Flowchart
or Solution
l
l
l
l
Something in the mechanism may be catching.
Sprocket or ribbon driie gears may be stuck or broken.
CR HOME sensor may be bad.
Carriage motor may be bad.
Driver for CR on CO94 MAIN board may be bad.
See
chart 2.
Something in the mechanism may be catching.
Paper feed motor may be bad.
Drier for PF on CO94 MAIN board may be bad.
See
Chart 3.
Platen gap may be incorrect.
Printer may need bidirectional adjustment.
Head cable may be bad.
Printhead may be bad.
Printhead drivers on CO94 MAIN board may be bad.
-,
See
Chart 4.
Perform platen
gap adjustment.
Platen may not bs parallel to carriage guide shaft.
Ribbon may be bad.
Ribbon mask may be damaged.
Sprocket or ribbon drive gears may be stuck or broken.
Platen gap may be incorrect.
See
Chart 5.
Printer default settings may be wrong for application.
Interface cable may have a problem.
Software settings may be incorrect for printer.
Possible problem with ROM or CO94 MAIN board.
See
Chart 6.
Epson FX-8700170
-_
Troubleshooting
Table 3-8. Symptoms and Flowchart References (Continued)
Symptom
Flowchart
or Solution
Possible Problems
When I try to load paper, the
printer feeds it back out.
The printer continues printing
beyond the paper end onto
the platen.
After I micro adjust top
margin, the top margin of
subsequent pages is wrong
or drifts down the page.
The carriage slams into
the right side of the
printer, or the printer doesn’t
find home after power on.
The FX-1170 will print only
BO columns.
The printer double-spaces
lines of text.
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
There is a problem with one of the PE sensors.
The main board is not reading sensor output correctly.
There is a problem with one of the PE sensors.
The CO94 MAIN board is not-reading sensor output
correctly.
Page size may be set incorrectly in printer.
Application software may be set incorrectly.
CO94 MAIN board may have a problem.
There is a problem with the HP sensor.
The CO94 MAIN board is not reading the sensor
correctly.
(For narrow carriage printer) the main board E2PROM
may have the wrong carriige width.
The E2PROM on the CO94 MAIN board contains the
wrong carriage width.
Auto LF is set to ON in default setting mode.
Software is set up incorrectly.
(If parallel) computer is constantly holding pin 14 LOW.
Use Table 3-2
to test front and
rear PE sensor.
See Chart 7.
Use Table 3-2 to
test sensor.
If problem is with
the E2PROM, call
dealer BBS at
(800) 234-i 445
for Version 4.0 of
Confidence Test
to reprogram.
Call dealer BBS
at (800) 234-1445
for Version 4.0 of
Confidence Test
to reprogram.
See Chart 8.
Serial Communications Errors
Some common serial data transmission problems can be identified by their symptoms. The
table below lists these problems and their corresponding solutions.
Table 3-9. Identifying Serial Communications Errors
Problem
Garbled print
Possible Cause
l
l
Epson FX-87011170
Baud rate mismatch
Parity mismatch
Solution
Verify DIP switch settings on the interface card. Type
a MODE command at the MS-DOS prompt to match
these settings. For instance, if the serial interface
card’s switches are in the factory setting, type:
MODE=COMn:9600,N,8,1 ,P
(“n” is the number of the COM port you are using.)
3-7
Troubleshooting
Table 3-9. IdentiQing Serial Communications Errors (Continued)
Problem
Device timeout
error
Characters are
printed as
graphics or are
printed in italics.
l
l
Possible Cause
Solution
The computer is not set for
infinite retries to the
printer.
Type a MODE command from the MS-DOS prompt
that includes the infinite retry parameter. For
instance, if the serial interface card’s switches are
in the factory setting, type:
MODE=COMn:9600,N,8,1 ,P
(“n” is the number of the COM port you are using.)
The P parameter at the end of the command sets
infinite retries to the printer.
Bit word length mismatch
Verffy the word length set with DIP switch 1-2 on
the interface card. To be sure that the computer
is set to the same setting, type a MODE command
from the MS-DOS prompt. For instance, if the
serial interface card’s switches are in the factory
setting, type:
MODE=COMn:9600,N,8,1,P
(“n” is the number of the COM port you are using.)
The 8 parameter in the command sets the word
length to 8 bits.
-_
-_
The printer
outputs a couple
of pages and
then stops.
l
l
Handshaking problem
Cable problem
Verify that computer and printer are using the
same type of handshaking. One cannot use
BUSY/READY if the other is using XON/XOFF.
Check the cable configuration. (See Figure 2-1
and Figure 2-2.)
Nothing is
printed.
l
l
Cable problem
Baud rate mismatch
Check the cable configuration. (See Figure 2-1
and Figure 2-2.)
Verify the baud rate set with the DIP switches on
the interface card. To be sure that the computer
is set to the same setting, type a MODE command
from the MS-DOS prompt. For instance, if the
serial interface card’s switches are in the factory
setting, type:
MODE=COMn:9600,N,8,1 ,P
(“n” is the number of the COM port you are using.)
-
3-8
Epson FX-870/1170
Troubleshooting
Chart 1. Printer Dead at Power On
0
START
Use correct AC
v o l t a g e . (No
fluctuation from
AC range shown
at left is
permitted.
NO
I
I
board.
No
No
Measure the VP
I (+35
(+35 V)
V) at
at pin
oin 10
10 I
of CM2 on the
C076 PSR
board assembly.
Dower on,
does the new
“;e;c;dhe
board assembly.
1
No
Disconnect CM14
and check the
power supply
* voltages out of
circuit a t
A
pin 10 and pin 1.
Measure the VL
(+5 VI at pin 1
of CM2 on the
C076 PSR
Q
Is t h e
output
vo I tage
norma I 1
Yes
v
END
E p s o n FX-870/1170
No
board assembly.
v
END
3-9
Troubleshooting
Chart 1. Printer Dead at Power On (Continued)
Disconnect
connector CM1 2
and power on
printer.
Yes
initialize?
R;g;y;N;ha
board.
1
END
Check motors and
printhead.
(If shorted, use
Tables 3-5 and 3-6 to
check drivers on C994
MAIN board, and if
bad, replace main
board at same time. 1 I
”
board.
END
*
3-10
Epson FX-870/1170
Troubleshooting
Chart 2. Carriage Does Not Move or Moves Abnormally
on the CO94 U&IN
kcuro t h r
connmtors.
Manually wow the
Check the gears.
timing belt. and belt
pulley for war,
brmkagr, and Coralgn
objects.
Replace parts and
lubrlcatr as nerdad.
(km Chapter 5.1
Rapl8ca the
Cg94 MAIN board.
Repl8ce CR motor. I f
any coil Is shorted.
use Table 3-6 to test
CR drivers on the
CW4 WIN board. and
I f b a d . replaca rln
board at SW tlr.
END
*
E p s o n FX-870/1170
3-11
Troubleshooting
Chart 3. Paper Does Not Feed or Feeds Abnormally
n
START
YOS
TY*s
/
No /
\No
IR,
il
roslstanca o f
tha PF motor.
I s I t 63
l /- 3
IN o
Replace P F motor. I f
my coil Is shortrd.
use Table 3-6 to Cast
PF drlvors on the
CW4 WIN board. and
If bad. raplace uln
board at aaa tin.
END
*
3-12
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Troubleshooting
Chart 4. Poor Print Quality in Self-Test
and turning on
the prlntar.
Are
Q
Srcurs t h e
connectors.
bo8rd connected
any dots
lsslng or
drrgglng?
q
1
for bent or
No
Perform thll
Chmck printhead rrslstance. I f
It Is not 16.5 ohms +/- 1.6 olmr
raplax t h r prlnthrad.
I f a n y prlnthmd pin I s shortrd.
use Tablo 3-5 t o chack drlwrs
QZ - Q13 o n tha uln bawd, and
I f shorted. raplace at t h e sm
tlm 8s the printhead.
No
Epson FX-870/1170
3-13
Troubleshooting
Chart 5. Ribbon Not Feeding Properly
Q
START
Rap I ace the
ribbon mark.
rlght and l e f t ,
does ribbon
3-14
See Figure 6-21 (page 6-18).
Check gearing for broken or
wore gears or foreign objects
stuck In the gears. Repface
eny gears necessmy.
Lubricate as necessary. (See
Chapter 5.1 And make sure
gears are turning smoothly.
Epson FX-87011170
-,
Troubleshooting
Chart 6. Data fhm Host is Printed Incorrectly
-
Run self-tart.
(Turn on prlntor
*hIlo holding
down the PAPER
FEED button. 1
I f self-tart I s
g8rbl.d. t h 8
problr I s with
the RDN or C194
RAIN bo8rd.
Chrck daf8UltS shown
in the self-test. Are
they correct for the
8ppliC8tlOn? If not.
sat th8m c o r r e c t l y .
(Sm Def8Ult Settings
I n Chaptar 1.1
E x i t progrv 8nd
send 8 p r i n t
scrmn from thm
US-DOS prompt.
R8pl8ca t h 8 C194
RAIN bo8rd.
Chock softw8re
conflgurrtlon.
V e r i f y prlnter
opor8tion wlth
other software.
I
END
Note: The host computer is assumed to
be operating normally.
E p s o n FX-870/1170
*
3-15
Troubleshooting
Chart 7. Page Length/Margins Incorrect
Run self-test and chSck
t h e p r i n t e r ’ s drf8ult
s e t t i n g s 8gainst the
settings In your 8pplic8t l o n SOftW8rS.
printer.
f-l
Th8 problv Is
wlth th8 softw8ro
YOS
The C894 IL&IN bo8rd
“y bs b8d.
(This I s mor8 r8rS
than problems with
softw8rS settings.)
3-16
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Troubleshooting
Chart 8. Printout Double-Spaced
the printer Is
OK.
At the MS-DOS prompt,
type the following:
NODE=LPTn:.6.P
and press Enter.
(“n” is the port you
8r* using. 1
Send another print
screen.
Disconnmt the cable. At
the prlntar connector.
you will see that the pin
nmbers are Iabolod. P u t
a piace o f tape over p i n
14 to block thr sIgnal
f r a the p r i n t e r .
Epson FX-870/i 170
3-17
Troubleshooting
Connector Locations
The layout diagram below shows the positions of connectors on the C094 MAIN board.
‘R\\ /
II’
PE Rear’
Figure 3-2. Connector Locations
3-18
Epson FX-870/1170
Troubleshooting
Sensor Locations
The illustrations below show the locations of sensors in the printer mechanism.
Figure 3-3. Release Sensor
Figure 3-4. Home Position Sensor
E p s o n FX-870/1170
3-19
Troubleshooting
Printer Mechanism
Figure 3-5. Platen Gap Sensor
Rear Paper Guide Assembly
Figure 3-6. Front and Rear PE Sensors
3-20
Epson FX-870/1170
Troubleshooting
Hex Quick Reference Table for ESC/P Commands
Use the table below as an aid to read printer hex dumps. This table is for quick reference only.
The user’s guide contains a detailed description of the control codes.
Table 3-10. Hex. Codes for ESC/P Commands
Hex.
Dec.
ASCII
Command
07
08
09
OA
OB
oc
OD
OE
OF
11
12
13
14
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
26
28 74
2A
2D
2F
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
3A
3c
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
17
18
19
20
24
25
32
33
35
36
37
38
40 116
42
45
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
60
BEL
BS
HT
LF
VT
FF
CR
so
SI
DC1
DC2
DC3
DC4
CAN
ESC EM n
ESC SP n
ESC!n
ESC #
ESC $ nl n2
ESC %n
ESC & nn
ESC(tnn
ESC * mn
ESC - l/O
ESC/c
ESC 0
ESC 1
ESC 2
ESC3n
ESC 4
ESC 5
ESC 6
ESC 7
ESC 8
ESC 9
ESC:OnO
ESC <
Beeper
Backspace
Horizontal tab
Line feed
Vertical tab
Form feed
Carriage return
Select double-width mode (one line)
Select condensed mode
Select printer
Cancel condensed mode
Deselect printer
Cancel double-width mode
Cancel line
Turn cut-sheet feeder on/off, select bin, eject sheet
Set intercharacter space
Master select
Cancel MSB control
Set absolute horizontal print position (n = (nl + n2 x 256)/60”)
Select user-defined set
Define user-defined characters
Assign character table
Select graphics mode
Turn underlining on/off
Select vertical tab channel (c = channel 0 - 7)
Select l/8-inch line spacing
Select 7/72-inch line spacing
Select l/6-inch line spacing
Set n/216-inch line spacing
Select italic mode
Cancel italic mode
Enable printable characters
E n a b l eupper
control codes
Disable paperout detection
Enable paper-out detection
Copy ROM to RAM (n = 0 copies Roman; n = 1 copies San serll
Select unidirectional mode (one line)
E p s o n FX-870/1170
3-21
Troubleshooting
Table 3-10. Hex. Codes for ESC/P Commands (Continued)
Hex.
Dec.
ASCII
Command
3D
3E
3F
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
48
4c
4D
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
54
55
57
59
5A
5c
5E
61
62
6B
6c
70
73
74
77
78
7F
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
a0
81
a2
83
84
85
87
a9
90
92
94
97
98
107
108
112
115
116
119
120
127
ESC =
ESC >
ESC?sm
ESC @
ESCAn
ESC B nn
ESC C n (0 n)
ESC D nn
ESC E
ESC F
ESC G
ESC H
ESC I n
ESCJn
ESC K nl n2
ESC L nl n2
ESC M
ESC N n
ESC 0
ESC P
ESCQn
ESCRn
ESC S l/O
ESC T
ESC U l/O
ESC W l/O
ESC Y nl n2
ESC Z nl n2
ESC \ nl n2
ESC * mn
ESCan
ESC b nn
ESC k l/O
ESC I n
E S C p1 1 0
ESC s l/O
ESCtn
ESCwl/O
ESCxllO
DEL
Set MSB to 0
Set MSB to 1
Reassign graphics mode
Initialize printer
Set n/72-inch line spacing
Set vertical tabs
Set page length in lines (in inches)
Set horizontal tabs
Select emphasized mode
Cancel emphasized mode
Select double-strike mode
Cancel double-strike mode
Printable code area expansion (codes 0 - 31 and 128 - 159, decimal:
Perform line feed of n/21 6 inch
Select single-density graphics mode
Select double-density graphics mode
Select 12 cpi
Set skip over perforation
Cancel skip over perforation
Select 10 cpi
Set right margin
Select international character set
Select subscriptlsuperscript mode
Cancel subscript/superscript mode
Turn unidirectional mode on/off
Turn double-width mode on/off
Select high-speed double-density graphics mode
Select quadrupledensity graphics mode
Set relative horizontal print position
Select O-pin graphics mode
Select justification
Set vertical tabs in channels
Select Sans serii/Roman typeface famify
Set left margin
Turn proportional mode on/off
Turn half-speed mode on/off
Select character table
Turn double-height mode on/off
Select NLQldraft
Delete character
3-22
Epson FX-87011170
-
-
-
Troubleshooting
Hex Quick Reference Table for IBM Commands
Use the table below as an aid to read printer hex dumps. This table is for quick reference only.
The user’s guide contains a detailed description of the control codes.
Table 3-11. Hex. Codes for IBM Commands
Hex.
Dec.
ASCII
Command
07
08
09
OA
OB
oc
OD
OE
OF
11
12
14
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
17
BEL
BS
HT
LF
VT
FF
CR
so
SI
DC1
DC2
DC4
CAN
ESC - l/O
ESC 0
ESC 1
ESC 2
ESC3n
ESC 4
ESC 5 l/O
ESC 6
ESC 7
ESC :
ESC = nn
ESCAn
ESC B nn
ESC C n (0 n)
ESC D nn
ESC E
ESC F
ESC G
ESC H
ESCln
ESCJn
ESC K nl n2
ESC L nl n2
Beeper
Backspace
Horizontal tab
Line feed
Vertical tab
Form feed
Carriige return
Select double-width mode (one line)
Select condensed mode
Select printer
Select 10 pitch
Cancel double-width mode (one line)
Cancel line
Turn underlining on/off
Select l/8-inch line spacing
Select 7/72-inch line spacing
Select ESC A line spacing
Set n/216-inch line spacing
Set top-of-form
Set/reset automatic line feed
Enable printable characters
E n a b l eupper
control codes
Select 12 pitch
Define user-defined characters
Set n/72-inch line spacing
Set vertical tabs
Set page length in lines (in inches)
Set horizontal tabs
Select emphasized mode
Cancel emphasized mode
Select double-strike mode
Cancel double-strike mode
Select font
Perform line feed of n/216 inch
Select single-density graphics mode
Select double-density graphics mode
ia
2D
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
3A
3D
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
4A
48
4c
ia
20
24
45
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
58
61
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
Epson FX-87011170
3-23
Troubleshooting
Table 3-11. Hex. Codes for IBM Commands (Continued)
I
Hex.
Dec.
ASCII
Command
4E
4F
50
51
52
53
54
55
57
58
59
5A
5B 40
5c
5E
5F
78
79
80
81
82
83
a4
a5
a7
aa
89
90
91 64
92
94
95
ESCNn
ESC 0
ESC P l/O
ESCQn
ESC R
ESC S l/O
ESC T
ESC U l/O
ESC W l/O
ESCXnl r-12
ESC Y nl n2
ESC Z nl n2
ESC [ Q nn
ESC \ nl n2
ESC h
ESC- l/O
Set skip over perforation
Cancel skip over perforation
Turn proportional mode on/off
Deselect printer
Reset all tabs
Select subscript/superscript mode
Cancel subscript/superscript mode
Turn unidirectional mode on/off
Turn double-width mode on/off
Set left and right margins
Select high-speed double-density graphics mode
Select quadruple-density graphics mode
Select double-height, double-width mode
Print characters from symbol set
Print one character from symbol set
Turn overscoring mode on/off
-
I
-.
8-24
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Chapter 4
Disassembly and Assembly
4-1
Precautions .............................................................................................
4-1
Tools ........................................................................................................
Service Checks After Repair ................................................................... 4-2
4-3
Screw Specifications ...............................................................................
Notes for Unit Removal and Installation ............................................... 4-4
Items to Remove Before Disassembling the Printer ............................. 4-5
Removing the Panel Unit ....................................................................... 4-6
Removing the Printhead ........................................................................ 4-7
Removing the Upper Housing Assembly ............................................... 4-8
Removing the Printer Mechanism ......................................................... 4-9
Removing the Platen Assembly ................................................ 4-10
Removing the Rear Frame Assembly ....................................... 4-11
Removing the CR Motor Assembly ........................................... 4-12
Removing the PF Motor Assembly ........................................... 4-13
Disassembling the PF Gear Train ............................................ 4-14
Removing the Carriage Guide Assembly ................................. 4-15
Removing the Ribbon Drive (RD) Assembly ............................ 4-17
Removing the Home Position (HP) Sensor ............................... 4-18
Removing the Platen Gap (PG) Sensor .................................... 4-18
Removing the Front and Rear Paper End (PE) Sensors...... ....... .4-19
Removing the Release Sensor ................................................... 4-20
Arranging the Cables ................................................................ 4-21
Disassembling the Tractor Unit ............................................... 4-22
Removing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly ............................ 4-23
Removing the C076 PSB Board Assembly ............................... 4-24
List of Figures
Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-2.
Figure 4-3.
Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-5.
Figure 4-6.
Figure 4-7.
Figure 4-8.
Figure 4-9.
Figure 4-10.
Figure 4-11.
Epson FX-870/1170
Flowchart for Disassembling the Printer ......................... 4-4
Removing the Paper Guide Assembly .............................. 4-5
Removing the Panel Unit .................................................. 4-6
Connecting the FFC Cable to the Panel Unit .................. 4-6
Removing the Printhead ................................................... 4-7
Removing the Upper Housing Assembly .......................... 4-8
Removing the Printer Mechanism .................................... 4-9
Removing the Platen Assembly ...................................... 4-10
Removing the Rear Frame Assembly ............................. 4-11
Removing the CR Motor Assembly ................................. 4-12
Positioning the CR Motor Assembly ............................... 4-12
4-i
Disassembly and Assembly
4-13
4-14
4-14
4-15
4-16
4-17
4-18
4-18
4-19
4-20
4-21
4-22
4-22
4-23
4-24
4-24
Figure 4-12. Removing the PF Motor Assembly .................................
Figure 4-13. Disassembling the PF Gear Train ..................................
Figure 4-14. Positioning the Release Lever for Insertion ...................
Figure 4-15. Removing the Carriage Guide Assembly .......................
Figure 4-16. Attaching the Timing Belt.. ..............................................
Figure 4-17. Removing the RD Assembly ...........................................
Figure 4-18. Removing the HP Sensor ................................................
Figure 4-19. Removing the PG Sensor.. ................................................
Figure 4-20. Removing the PE Sensors ......... ....................................
Figure 4-21. Removing the Release Sensor .........................................
Figure 4-22. Arranging the Cables ......................................................
Figure 4-23. Disassembling the Tractor Unit .....................................
Figure 4-24. Position of the Cog ..........................................................
Figure 4-25. Removing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly ..................
Figure 4-26. Special Extractor Tool .....................................................
Figure 4-27. Removing the C076 PSB Board Assembly .....................
List of Tables
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
4-ii
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
4-4.
4-5.
Recommended Tools ..........................................................
Equipment Required for Maintenance .............................
Inspection Checklist for Repaired Printer ........................
Abbreviations Used for Screws .........................................
Screw Types and Abbreviations .......................................
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-3
4-3
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly 4
This section provides information you need to know to disassemble or assemble the printer.
Precautions
Read the precautions below before you disassemble or assemble the printer.
WARNING
Before disassembling, assembling, or adjusting the printer, disconnect the power supply cable
from the AC power outlet. Failure to do so may cause physical injury. The power switch is
wired in the secondary circuitry. Therefore, the printer’s primary circuitry remains live even
after the power switch is turned off.
recommended tools for maintenance
5. Adjust the printer only as
described in this manual. (See Chapter 5.)
Tools
Tables 4-1 and 4-2 list the recommended tools needed to disassemble, assemble, or adjust the
printer. Use only tools that meet these specifications.
Table 4-1. Recommended Tools
Part No.
Tool
8740400100
Round-nose pliers
B740500100
Nippers
B741000100
Tweezers
B740200100
Soldering iron
B740800400
E-ring holder #2.5
B743800200
Phillips screwdriver no. 2
B743000100
Flatblade screwdriver
-Thickness gauge
Notes: 1. All the tools in the table above are commercially available.
2. Removing the power supply also requires the special tool shown on page 4-24.
Table 4-2. Equipment Required for Maintenance
Description
.
Multimeter
Oscilloscope
-
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Specification
I
20 MHz
4-1
Disassembly and Assembly
Service Checks After Repair
--
Before you send the printer back to the customer, fill in the checklist in Table 4-3 to note the current
state of the components. This checklist facilitates servicing and shipping.
Table 4-3. Inspection Checklist for Repaired Printer
QmwY
Component
Printer
Printhead
features
Carriage
mechanism
items to Check
Are any wires broken?
q
Are any wires worn out?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Does the carriage move smoothly?
q
Checked, 0 Not necessary
q
Checked, 0 Not necessary
Paper
mechanism
Checked, 0 Not necessary
0 Movement noisy, 0 Mechanism dirty,
0 Mechanism oily
Is the carriage motor at the correct
temperature and not overheating?
advance
Is Check Requlred?
Is paper advancing smoothly?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
0 Movement noisy, 0 Mechanism dirty,
0 Mechanism oily
Is the paper feed motor running at the
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
correct temperature and not overheating?
Paper path
Is the type of paper in the printer feeding
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
smoothly?
Is the tractor feeding the paper correctly?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Is the paper path clear of all obstructions?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Is the platen free of damage?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Ribbon mask
Is ribbon mask free of distortion?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Self-print test
On-line test
Was the self-print successful?
Was the on-line test successful?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Adjustment
Printhead
Printing
Is the platen gap adjusted correctly?
Is the bidirectional alignment adjusted
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
System
ROM version
correctly?
The ROM version is XXX.
q
Shipment
Has the ribbon been removed?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Have all the required parts been included in
the shipment?
0 Checked, 0 Not necessary
Checked, 0 Not necessary
upgrade
4-2
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Screw Specifications
This chapter uses abbreviations for small parts, such as screws and washers. Tables 4-4 and
45 list these abbreviations.
Table 4-4. Abbreviations Used for Screws
Abbreviation
Part Name
CBB
Cross-recessed Bind head B tight screw
CBC
CBN
Cross-recessed Bind head C tight screw
Cross-recessed Bind head N tight screw
.
CBS
Cross-recessed Bind head S tight screw
Table 4-5. Screw Types and Abbreviations
Head
Washer
(assembled)
Body
Side
TOP
.Cross-recessed head 1. Bind
0
-0
+
1 ._Plain washer
1 .tjormal
o~ooE
2. S-tight
!.Slotted head
(with Notch)
/- \
cl
8
2.Qutside toothed
lock washer
2._Pan
,.:’ ,
OQ
--.. __
.
oT=d
3.cup
-@=J
4. Iruss
Epson FX-870/1170
4. Iapping
3.Spring washer
OQ$+
4-3
Disassembly and Assembly
Notes for Unit Removal and Installation
This section describes the procedures for disassembling and assembling the main components of
the printer. Generally, you can install a component in the printer simply by reversing the procedure
for removing the component. Therefore, this chapter does not describe assembly procedures in most
cases. If necessary, special notes on assembling or adjusting a component are given at the end of
the description of each procedure. Be sure to follow the instructions in these notes.
WARNING
Before disassembling, assembling, or adjusting the printer, disconnect the power supply
cable from the AC power outlet. Failure to do so may cause physical injury. The power
switch is wired in the secondary circuitry. Therefore, the printer’s primary circuitry
remains live even after the power switch is turned off.
CAUTION
Before disassembling any part of the printer, remove the paper and the ink ribbon. Also
disconnect the interface cable.
Note: The flowchart below shows the order in which you need to disassemble the printer.
yq
I
Disconnect the printer’s power cord and interface cable.
I
PAGE
4-5
Before
Diimbly
I
PAGE
4-19
Removing the
FRONT AND REAR
PE SENSORS
.
I
PAGE
4-22
Disassembling the
Tractor Unit
I
4-15
PAGE
Removing the
CARRIAGE GUIDE
ASSEMBLY
I
PAGE
4-20
Removing tfk
RELEASE
SENSOR
Disassembling the
PF GEAR TRAIN
RD ASSEMBLY
Figure 4-1. Flowchart for Disassembling the Printer
4-4
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Items to Remove Before Disassembling the Printer
1.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit.
Figure 4-2. Removing the Paper Guide Assembly
Note:
Remove the paper eject cover and the tractor unit by pushing and releasing the hooks
at both sides. When remounting them, be sure to snap these hooks on the projecting
parts.
Epson FX-870/i 170
4-5
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Panel Unit
-
1.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, f?ont cover, paper eject cover and tractor
2.’
3.
unit. fSee page 4-5.)
Push the two clips on the bottom of the panel unit and remove the panel unit.
Remove the flexible flat cable (FFC).
-,
Figure 4-3. Removing the Panel Unit
Assembly Note
The FFC cable must be connected properly, as shown below.
Plain Face
1
FFC Cable
/
Face with exposed
terminals at the 5
end
of the cable.
Figure 4-4. Connecting the FFC Cable to the Panel Unit
4-6
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Printhead
1.
2.
3.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the two CBS (M3x8) screws from the printhead, lift the printhead up, and remove the
FFC cable.
Remove the printhead.
FFC
Figure 4-5. Removing the Printhead
E p s o n FX-870/1170
4-7
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Upper Housing Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4
5
-_
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the four CBC (M4x15) screws securing the upper housing assembly. (There are only
three screws in the 80-column printer.)
Use a small screwdriver to push the two hooks through the cutouts, located on the front cover,
to disengage the hooks from the plates. Lift up the front side of the upper housing assembly.
Remove the upper housing assembly.
CBC (M4X15)
/
Upper Housing Assembly
\
/
cut
\
Screwdriver
Hooks
Figure 4-6. Removing the Upper Housing Assembly
Note: The figure above shows the 136column printer.
4-8
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Printer Mechanism
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the four CBB (M4x12) screws securing the printer mechanism.
Remove the CBS (M3x6) screw securing the interface cover.
Disconnect the following connectors on the MAIN board assembly: CN3 (a-pin, BLUE), CN4
(a-pin, WHITE), CN5 (2-pin, BLACK), CN6 (6pin, BLACK), CN7 (a-pin, YELLOW), CN8
(lCpin, FFC cable), CN9 (&pin, WHITE), CN12 (lo-pin, control panel), and CN13 (5-pin,
WHITE).
Remove the printer mechanism.
CBB k4X12)
Interface Cover
Printer Mechanism
Figure 4-7. Removing the Printer Mechanism
E p s o n FX-870/1170
4-9
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Platen Assembly
-_
1.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
2.
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the two CBS (M3x8) screws securing the platen cover.
Disengage the teeth of the platen shaft holders and rotate them. Then slide the left platen
sh& holder to the left.
Remove the platen knob.
Remove the ribbon mask by pushing the two clips.
Slide the platen assembly and remove it.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
CBS (M3X8)
Platen Knob
Platen Cover
Platen Shaft Holder
Figure 4-8. Removing the Platen Assembly
4-10
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Rear Frame Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
Remove the platen assembly. (See page 4-10.)
Remove the four CBS (M3x8) screws securing the left frame of the printer mechanism, and the
nut and washer securing the adjust lever. Remove the parallelism adjustment bushing.
Remove the left frame.
Remove the FFC cables from the right frame of the printer mechanism, and then the two
CBS (M3x8) screws securing the right frame.
Remove the rear frame assembly.
Push the clip on the back of the rear frame assembly. Slide out the rear frame.
Hexagon Nut
/
Outside Toothed
Lock Washer
frfd??iA
”
I
CBS (M3X8)
Parallelism Adjustment Bushing
Rear Paper Guide Assembly
Figure 4-9. Removing the Rear Frame Assembly
Epson FX-870/1170
4-11
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the CR Motor Assembly
1.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the face screw (M3x7) securing the CR motor assembly. After releasing the tension
spring, disengage the timing belt from the CR motor assembly and hang it on the hook.
Disconnect connector CN13 on the C094 MAIN board assembly. Remove the CR motor
assembly.
Remove the two CBN (M3x6) screws on the back of the CR motor assembly. Remove the CR
motor assembly.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
-’
CR Motor Assembly
Face Screw (M3X7)
+$@)-Belt Tension Plate
hi / LCBN W3X8)
-
Figure 4-10. Removing the CR Motor Assembly
Assembly Note
Position the CR motor assembly on the belt tension plate correctly as shown below.
Cable
CR Motor
-
Figure 4-11. Positioning the CR Motor Assembly
4-12
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembty
Removing the PF Motor Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
Set the release lever to the vertical or forward position.
Remove the FFC cables and then the two CBS(M3x8) screws securing the PF motor assembly.
Remove the PF motor assembly.
Lever Positions
(This position does not release
the PF motor assembly)
-
(M3X8)
Figure 4-12. Removing the PF Motor Assembly
E p s o n FX-870/1170
4-13
Disassembly and Assembly
Disassembling the PF Gear Train
1.
Remove the paper guide assembly, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor unit.
(See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 48.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-Q.)
Remove the CR motor assembly. (See page 4-12.)
Remove the PF motor assembly. (See page 4-13.)
Remove the FFC cables from the right sub fkame of the printer mechanism, and then remove
the two CBS (M3x8) screws securing the right sub frame.
Remove the right sub frame.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Figure 4-13. Disassembling the PF Gear Train
Assembly Note
Be sure to mesh the release lever with the mechanism properly.
Figure 4-14. Positioning the Release Lever for
4-14
Insertion
E p s o n FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Carriage Assembly
1.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit, (See page 4-5.)
2. Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
3. Remove the printhead. (See page 4-7.)
4. Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
5. Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
6. Remove the platen assembly. (See page 4-10.)
7. Remove the left frame of the printer mechanism. (See page 4-11.)
8. Disengage the timing belt from the CR motor assembly. (See page 4-12.)
9. Release the timing belt from the two clips at the bottom of the carriage assembly.
10. Move the carriage assembly to the CR motor assembly. Remove the carriage assembly from
the rack.
Ribbon Mask Holder
Figure 4-15. Removing the Carriage Assembly
E p s o n FX-870/1170
4-15
Disassembly and Assembly
Assembly Note
When attaching the timing belt to the carriage assembly, secure the timing belt using the
1eR and right clips of the carriage assembly as shown below. Make sure there is no slack
in the timing belt.
‘-
Clip
Timing
Figure 4-16. Attaching the Timing Belt
-
4-16
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Ribbon Drive (RD) Assembly
1.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
2. Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
3. Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
4. Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
5. Remove the platen assembly. (See page 4-10.)
6. Remove the left frame of the printer mechanism. (See page 4-11.)
7. Disengage the timing belt from the CR motor assembly. (See page 4-12.)
8. Remove the carriage guide assembly. (See page 4-15.)
9. Remove the CBC (M3x8) screw and the CBB (M3x8) screw securing the RD assembly.
10. Remove the RD assembly.
CBC (M3X8)
RD Assembly
Figure 4-17. Removing the RD Assembly
Epson FX-870/1170
4-17
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Home Position (HP) Sensor
1.
2.
3.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the clip of the HP sensor. Remove the sensor.
Disconnect the HP lead from the HP sensor.
-
Figure 4-18. Removing the HP Sensor
Removing the Platen Gap (PG) Sensor
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
-,
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
Remove the two clips of the PG sensor attached to the left frame of the printer mechanism.
Remove the sensor.
Disconnect the PG lead from the PG sensor.
Printer Mechanism
Figure 4-19. Removing the PG Sensor
4-18
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Front and Rear Paper End (PE) Sensors
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
Remove the platen assembly. (See page 4-10.)
Remove the rear frame assembly. (See page 4-11.)
Remove the clip for each PE sensor mounted on the rear paper guide assembly. Remove the
front PE sensor and rear PE sensor.
Remove the lead from each PE sensor.
Figure 4-20. Removing the PE Sensors
Epson m-am1 170
4-19
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the Release Sensor
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
Remove the platen assembly. (See page 4-10.)
Remove the rear frame assembly. (See page 4-11.)
Remove the two clips for the release sensor mounted on the rear paper guide assembly.
Remove the release sensor.
Disconnect the release lead from the sensor.
Release Sensor
Figure 4-21. Removing the Release Sensor
4-20
Epson FX-870/1170
-
Disassembly and Assembly
Arranging the Cables
When you assemble the printer, arrange the cables as shown in Figure 4-22.
El
Printer Mechanism
(Bottom)
-
W
Figure 4-22. Arranging the Cables
Epson FX-8700170
4-21
Disassembly and Assembly
Disassembling the Tractor Unit
1. Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
2. Release the two clips for cog (17) from the tractor shaft. Remove the cog.
3. Remove the right tractor frame from the tractor shaft and the tractor guide shaft.
4. Remove the E-ring from the tractor shaft.
5. Remove the right tractor, the paper support unit, and the left tractor from the tractor shaft and
tractor guide shaft.
Tractor Guide Shaft
Tractor Shaft
Figure 4-23. Disassembling the Tractor Unit
Assembly Note
When reassembling the tractor unit, be sure to snap the clips for cog (17) onto the tractor
shaft.
Clips
Figure 4-24. Position of the Cog
4-22
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
Disconnect the cable from connector CN2 on the C076 PSB board assembly.
Remove I/F’ support from the C094 MAIN board assembly.
Remove the two CBS (M3X12) screws securing the cover for the optional interface card.
Remove the CBC (M3X8) screw and the five CBB (M3X12) screws securing the C094 MAIN.
board assembly. Remove the I/F’ grounding plate.
Remove the C094 MAIN board assembly.
I/F Support
CBC (M3X8)
\
CO94 MAIN Board Assembly
I/F Grounamg Plate
p.gj
7.- _-_.
\ C B S (M3X12)
Cover for ;he Optional
Interface Card
Figure 4-25. Removing the CO94 MAIN Board Assembly
Epson FX-8700170
4-23
Disassembly and Assembly
Removing the C076 PSB Board Assembly
NOTE
To remove the C076 PSB board assembly for replacement, you must use a special extractor
tool, available from Epson Parts Order Services. After obtaining the special tool shown,
follow the procedure below.
I
OneWai (Rivet Head) Screw
Figure 4-26. Special Extractor Tool
WARNING
Do not touch the heat sink attached to the FET (Ql) when the printer is powered on. If you
touch the heat sink, you may suffer from electric shock.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
4-24
Remove the paper guide assembly, ribbon, top cover, front cover, paper eject cover, and tractor
unit. (See page 4-5.)
Remove the panel unit. (See page 4-6.)
Remove the upper housing assembly. (See page 4-8.)
Remove the printer mechanism. (See page 4-9.)
Remove the three CBB (M3x12) screws and the two CBC (M3x8) screws on the C076 PSB board
assembly. Remove connectors CN1 (2-pin) and CN2 (11-pin).
Remove the C076 PSB board assembly.
Epson FX-870/1170
Disassembly and Assembly
CBC (M3X8)
CBB (M3X12)
C076 PSB BoardAssembly
Figure 4-27. Removing the C076 PSB Board Assembly
Epson FX-870/1170
4-25
Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubrication
Chapter 5
Adjustments, Maintenance, and
Lubrication
Adjusting the Printer Mechanism ............................................................
Platen Gap Adjustment ...................................................................
Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment .......................................................
Overview of the Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment.. ..................
Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment Procedure .............................
Adjustment Operation ...........................................................
Preventive Maintenance ..........................................................................
Lubrication ...............................................................................................
5-1
5-1
5-3
5-3
5-3
5-4
5-5
5-5
List of Figures
Figure 5-1.
Figure 5-2.
Figure 5-3.
Figure 5-4.
Figure 5-5.
Figure 5-6.
Removing the Ribbon Mask ................................................ 5-1
Parallelism Adjustment Bushing ........................................ 5-2
5-2
Platen Gap ...........................................................................
..........
.5-4
Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment (Draft Mode).
Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment (NLQ Mode). ........... .5-4
Lubrication Points ............................................................... 5-7
List of Tables
Table 5-1.
Table 5-2.
Epson FX-870/1170
5-5
Lubricants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubrication Points . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5-6
.
5-i
Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubrication
5
Adjusting the Printer Mechanism
This section describes the various adjustments required to keep the printer mechanism in
optimum condition.
Platen Gap Adjustment
If you have changed the printhead, rotated or reassembled the carriage guide shaft, moved the
parallelism adjustment bushing, or if printing is abnormal or ribbon tension is loose, you must
adjust the gap between the platen and the printhead.
1.
2.
3.
Remove the printer mechanism from the lower case. (See page 4-9.)
Remove the printhead from the carriage. (See page 4-7.)
Use tweezers to remove the ribbon mask from the carriage.
Ribbon Mask
Figure 5-1. Removing the Ribbon Mask
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remount the printhead on the carriage.
Set the adjust lever to the 0 setting (second step position from the rear).
Move the release lever back to the FRICTION setting.
Move the carriage until the edge of the printhead is at the fifth column print position.
Use a box driver (7 mm) to rotate the parallelism adjustment bushing on the left frame of
the printer mechanism.
Epson FX-870/1170
5-1
Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubrication
Left Frame
8ox Oriver -4/
’
Adjustment Bushing
Figure 5-2. Parallelism Acijustment Bushing
9.
Rotate the adjusting bushing until the platen gap is large enough for a 0.36 mm thickness
gauge, but too narrow for a 0.40 mm thickness gauge.
0.38 mm
+I Id
Figure 5-3. Platen Gap
10. Move the carriage until the edge of the printhead is at the 75th column print position for
an 80-column printer or at the 130th column print position for a 136-column printer.
11. Use the 7 mm box driver to rotate the parallelism adjustment bushing on the right frame
of the printer mechanism.
12. Rotate the adjustment bushing until the platen gap is large enough for a 0.36 mm
thickness gauge but too narrow for a 0.40 mm thickness gauge.
13. Move the printhead back to the 5th column print position again. Check the platen gap
with the thickness gauge. It should still be large enough for the 0.36 mm thickness gauge
but too narrow for the 0.40 mm gauge. If this is not the case, go back to step 8.
14. Remove the printhead, install the ribbon mask, replace the printhead, and install the
printer mechanism back in the case.
5-2
Epson FX-870/1170
-.
Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubriition
Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment
This section describes how to adjust the bidirectional print position to ensure correct printing.
Overview of the Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment
The FX-870/1170 prints characters when the carriage moves from both from left to right and
from right to left. Therefore, the printing in one direction must be correctly aligned with the
printing in the other direction. Otherwise, printed vertical lines may be staggered.
It is important to readjust the bidirectional alignment whenever anything has been done to the
gear arrangement of the printer mechanism that might affect this alignment. The
bidirectional alignment can be adjusted by altering the timing in which the carriage moves
from one end to the other.
Since no two printer mechanisms are manufactured exactly the same, the bidirectional
alignment correction differs for each printer. Also, the correction value must be written to each
E2PROM, and it must be rewritten after each adjustment.
Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment Procedure
The FX-870/1170 has a built-in bidirectional adjustment program. Follow the steps on the
next page to adjust the bidirectional alignment.
Epson FX-870/1170
5-3
Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubrication
Adjustment Operation
1.
-
Turn on the printer’s power while pressing the PAUSE, PAPER FEED, and FONT buttons
simultaneously.
The printer enters draft mode and prints the current adjustment value and four lines of
the H character. (See Figure 5-3.) If the vertical lines are well aligned, go to step 4.
Otherwise, go to step 3.
Referring to the odd-numbered lines (1st and 3rd), adjust the even-numbered lines (2nd
and 4th).
l
If the even-numbered lines are shifted to the right, press the FONT button to shift them
to the left. The adjustment value increases by the shifted amount.
l
If the even-numbered lines are shifted to the left, press the PAPER FEED button to
shift them to the right. The adjustment value decreases by the shifted amount.
Press the PAUSE/TEAR OFF button when you finish the draft mode adjustment.
The printer enters the NLQ mode and prints an adjustment value and four lines of the H
character. (See Figure 5-4.) If the vertical lines are well aligned, go to step 7. Otherwise,
go to step 6.
Follow the instructions in step 3.
Turn off the printer’s power.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
//I/iiI/ii/I//ii//l///!i/il/liiliilliii/iiiiiiiiiiliiiiIiii/iii/li
Figure 5-4. Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment (Draft Mode)
Figure 5-5. Bidirectional Alignment Adjustment (NLQ mode)
5-4
Epson FX-870/1170
Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubrication
Preventive Maintenance
No preventive maintenance is required other than occasionally vacuuming the printer
mechanism to remove dust and paper debris and regularly cleaning the case exterior with
denatured alcohol. After cleaning the unit, check that it is properly lubricated as described
under Lubrication, below. Also inspect the springs and rollers to see that they are operating
properly.
Disconnect the printer from the external AC power source before performing maintenance
Lubrication
Epson recommends that the printer be lubricated at the points shown in Figure 5-2. Table 5-2
lists each lubrication point and its recommended lubricant. All the lubricants have been tested
extensively and found to comply with the requirements of this printer. Table 5-1 describes the
lubricants.
Before applying lubricant, be sure to clean the surface to be lubricated. Do not apply too much
lubricant, or it may affect related parts.
Table 5-l. Lubricants
Lubricant
Type
Quantity
Availability
Part No.
Grease
G-26
40 mg
E
B702800001
Oil
o-2
40 cc
E
8703700001
Epson FX-870/1170
5-5
Adjustments, Maintenance, and Lubrication
Table 5-2. Lubrication Points
Ref. No.
Lubricant
G-26
3
Platen gap adjustment slots on the left frame (excluding
the two slots at the bottom)
The arms and tab of the RD assembly
d
The shaft end of the drive roller assembly
4
The ribbon drive gear train
G-26
5
The oil pad in the carriage assembly
o-2
6
The cam surface of the tractor clutch cam
G-26
7
The cam end of spur gear 34.5
G-26
1
2
5-6
Lubrication Points
-
G-26
G-26
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Chapter 6
Principles of Operation
Printer Mechanism Operation .................................................................
Printhead Mechanism ......................................................................
Carriage Mechanism ........................................................................
Platen Gap Adjustment ...................................................................
Paper Handling Mechanisms ..........................................................
Paper Feed Mechanisms ........................................................
Paper Advance Mechanisms ..................................................
The Release Lever ................................................................
Paper Paths ..........................................................................
.. ........................................................
Ribbon Advance Mechanism
Power Supply Operation ........................................................................
Power Supply Overview .................................................................
Power Supply Circuit Operation ...................................................
Control Circuit Operation ......................................................................
Control Circuit Operation Overview .............................................
Reset Circuit ..................................................................................
Sensor Circuits ...............................................................................
Carriage Motor Drive Circuit ........................................................
Paper Feed Motor Drive Circuit ....................................................
Printhead Drive Circuit .................................................................
Parallel Interface Circuit ...............................................................
E2PROM Control Circuit ................................................................
Component Repair Information (for Dealers Outside the U.S.)..
Repairing the C076 PSB Board Assembly ...........................
Repairing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly.. ......................
6-1
6-1
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-5
6-6
6-12
6-13
6-18
6-19
6-19
6-19
6-22
6-22
6-25
6-26
6-27
6-28
6-29
6-29
6-30
6-31
6-31
6-34
List of Figures
Figure 6-1. How the Printhead Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Figure 6-2 . Carriage Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3
Figure 6-3. Platen Gap Adjust Lever . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4
Figure 6-4. Friction Advance Operation Using the
Top Paper Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Figure 6-5. Push Tractor Operation Using the Rear Paper Entrance ........ 6-7
Figure 6-6. Push Tractor Operation Using the Front
Paper Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Figure 6-7. Pull Tractor Operation Using the Bottom Paper
6-9
Entrance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Epson FX-870/1170
6-i
Principles of Operation
Figure 6-8. Push-pull Tractor Operation Using the
Rear Paper Entrance ........................................................
Figure 6-9. Push-pull Tractor Operation Using the
Front Paper Entrance .......................................................
Figure 6-10. Release Lever ....................................................................
Figure 6-11. Release Lever Setting Functions ......................................
Figure 6-12. Paper Path for Friction Feeding Using the
Top Entrance .....................................................................
Figure 6-13. Paper Path for Push Tractor Feeding Using the
Rear Entrance .....................................................................
Figure 6-14. Paper Path for Pull Tractor Feeding Using the
Rear Entrance ...................................................................
Figure 6-15. Paper Path fbr Push-pull Tractor Feeding Using the
Rear Entrance .....................................................................
Figure 6-16. Paper Path for Pu11 Tractor Feeding Using the
Bottom Entrance .................................................................
Figure 6-17. Paper Path for Friction Feeding Using the
Front Entrance ..................................................................
Figure 6-18. Paper Path for Push Tractor Feeding Using the
Front Entrance ....................................................................
Figure 6-19. Paper Path for pull Tractor Feeding Using the
Front Entrance ..................................................................
Figure 6-20. Paper Path for Push-pull Tractor Feeding Using the
Front Entrance ....................................................................
Figure 6-21. Ribbon Advance Mechanism .............................................
Figure 6-22. Power Supply Circuit Block Diagram ...............................
Figure 6-23. Control Circuit Block Diagram .........................................
Figure 6-24. Data Flow ..........................................................................
Figure 6-25. Power On Reset Circuit ....................................................
Figure 6-26. Sensor Circuit Block Diagram ..........................................
Figure 6-27. Carriage Motor Drive Circuit ...........................................
Figure 6-28. Paper Feed Motor Drive Circuit .......................................
Figure 6-29. Printhead Drive Circuit ....................................................
Figure 6-30. Parallel Interface Circuit ..................................................
Figure 6-31. E2PROM Control Circuit ...................................................
6-10
6-11
6-12
6-12
6-13
6-14
6-14
6-15
6-15
6-16
6-16
6-17
6-17
6-18
6-21
6-22
6-23
6-25
6-26
6-27
6-28
6-29
6-29
6-30
List of Tables
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
6-ii
6-1.
6-2.
6-3.
6-4.
6-5.
Paper Feed Methods and Paper Entrances ........................ 6-5
Ribbon Advance Gear Linkage ......................................... 6-18
Power Supply Input Voltage and Fuse Rating.. ............... 6-19
Power Supply Output Voltages and Applications ............ 6-19
Functions of Main Components of C094 MAIN ............... 6-24
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Table 6-6.
Table 6-7.
Table 6-8.
Carriage Motor Drive Modes ............................................. 6-27
Repairing the C076 PSB Board Assembly ........................ 6-31
Repairing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly .................... . 6-34
Epson FX-870/1170
6-iii
Principles of Operation
6
This chapter explains the mechanical and electrical operations of the FX-870/1170. At the end of
the chapter, there are tables for component-level diagnosis of the main logic board and the power
supply board.
Printer Mechanism Operation
This section describes the FX-870/1170 printer mechanism and explains how the printer works.
The FX-870/1170 printer mechanism features a 9-pin impact dot printhead for serial printing. It
has four main parts:
l
l
l
l
the printhead mechanism
the carriage movement mechanism
the paper feed mechanism
the ribbon advance mechanism
Each of these is described below.
Printhead Mechanism
The printhead mechanism consists of the printhead itself, the ink ribbon, and the platen. The
printhead contains a column of 9 wires. Each of these wires has a drive coil, which causes the wire
to move in and out of the printhead to print each dot. The three steps below describe how these
driving wires work.
1. The control circuit outputs drive signals to the printhead drive circuit. This changes the
printhead drive voltage, and current flows through the corresponding printhead coil. The coil
acts as a solenoid and generates a magnetic force.
2. This induced force causes the plate to approach the coil rod, and the associated dot wire is rapidly
ejected to impact on the platen.
3. The dot wire presses the ink ribbon up against the paper as it hits the platen, and in this way,
prints a dot on the paper.
Epson FX-870/1170
6-1
Principles of Operation
4. As soon as the current through the coil is switched off, the force induced in the coil rod stops.
The plate then returns to its original position (the position assumed before the coil was
energized) through the action of the plate spring. After the dot wire hits the platen, the
rebounding force of hitting the platen works with the wire resetting spring to pull the wire back
to its original position.
Figure 6-1 shows the action of the printer mechanism when a single dot is printed.
Dot Wire
Wire Resetting Spring
\
\
/
‘lnlxl
Actuating Plate 7
Actuating Plate Spring
Figure 6-1. How the Printhead Works
The printhead tends to heat up after a period of continuous printing. To minimize the dot wire drive
coil’s overheating, the head is equipped with a thermistor that can detect the head temperature.
When the thermistor detects changes in the printhead temperature, the voltage signal changes.
The CPU detects the voltage change and stops printing until the head temperature cools.
The printhead is also used as a buzzer. Head driving coils move all the dot wires back and forth
without impacting the platen, so that the wires vibrate. The vibrating dot wires sound like a buzzer.
6-2
Epson FX-870/1170
-
Principles of Operation
Carriage Mechanism
The timing belt is connected to the lower side of the carriage. With the printhead installed, the
carriage moves in either direction along the carriage guide shaft. The carriage (CR) motor, a
stepping motor, drives the timing belt, which moves the carriage. The home position (HP) sensor
detects the home position of the carriage.
Timing Belt
Pulley
I
CR Motor
Figure 6-2. Carriage Operation
Epson FX-870/1170
6-3
Principles of Operation
Platen Gap Adjustment
The platen gap (the gap between the platen and the printhead) can be adjusted to allow the printer
to use paper of different weights or thicknesses. When the platen gap adjust lever is moved forward
or backward, the carriage guide shaft rotates. This rotation moves the carriage either toward or
away from the platen, and changes the platen gap. Setting the adjust lever to position 2 (the 5th
slot from the top) turns off the platen gap switch, which slows down the printing speed of the printer
to protect the printhead. The platen gap (PG) sensor detects the position of the adjust lever. The
correct platen gap is 0.38 mm f 0.02 mm with the adjust lever set to position 0.
Platen
\
Platen Gap
Adjustment
/ I9
PO Sensor
Figure 6-3. Platen Gap Adjust Lever
6-4
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Paper Handling Mechanisms
During normal operation, paper is fed to the printer, advanced to the specified position, and ejected
from the printer. These paper handling operations are performed by various paper handling
mechanisms, such as the tractors, platens, rollers, and gears. This section describes the printer’s
paper handling mechanisms.
Paper Feed Mechanisms
Cut sheets are fed by friction. Continuous paper is fed by a tractor. There are three ways to feed
paper with tractors: the push tractor method, the pull tractor method, and the push-pull tractor
method. During normal operation, the printer is set up with only one tractor, which functions as
either a push or a pull tractor, depending on where it is attached on the printer. To use the pushpull tractor feed method, an optional tractor must be attached.
There are four paper entrances for feeding paper into the printer. Different paper entrances are
used for different types of paper. Table 6-1 lists which paper paths can be used with each paper
feed method.
Table 6-1. Paper Feed Methods and Paper Entrances
Paper Entrance
Paper Feed Method
Rear
Front
Bottom
TOP
Friction
No
OK
No
OK
Push tractor
OK
OK
No
No
Pull tractor
OK
OK
OK
No
Push-pull tractor
OK
OK
No
No
Epson FX-870/I 170
6-5
Principles of Operation
Paper Advance Mechanisms
This section describes how the friction advance and tractor advance mechanisms work to advance
the paper through the printer.
Friction Advance Method
The paper is held between the platen and paper guide rollers and between the paper tension roller
and paper tension unit cover. The paper feed (PF) motor pinion gear, turning in the direction of
the black arrow, drives the paper advance reduction gear. The paper advance reduction gear turns
the platen gear and the paper tension roller gear. The paper advances in the direction of the white
arrow. Figure 6-4 illustrates the friction advance method when the paper is fed through the top
paper entrance.
In the friction advance method, the paper guide roller spring holds the paper against the platen.
You can release this pressure and free the paper by setting the release lever to the tractor feed
position.
Paper (Cut Sheet)
/Tractor Reduction Gear
PF Motor Pinion Gear
Paper Advance Reduction Gear
6F Motor
Figure 6-4. Friction Advance Operation Using the Top Paper Entrance
6-6
Epson FX-870/I 170
--
Principles of Operation
Push Tractor Method
When the push tractor method is used with the rear entrance, the torque generated by the PF motor
is transmitted to the push tractor gear through the PF motor pinion gear, paper advance reduction
gear, and tractor reduction gear. When the PF motor pinion gear turns in the direction of the black
arrow, the tractor gear rotates in the direction of the black arrow and thus feeds the paper into the
printer. The paper is advanced by the platen and the paper tension roller, which are also driven
by the PF motor through the gear train.
When the push tractor method is used with the front entrance, the torque generated by the PF
motor is transmitted to the push tractor gear through the PF motor pinion gear, paper advance
reduction gear, platen gear, and the gear train in the front part of the printer. When the PF motor
pinion gear turns in the direction of the black arrow, the tractor gear rotates in the direction of the
black arrow and thus feeds the paper into the printer. The paper is advanced by the paper drive
roller and the platen, which are also driven by the PF motor through the gear train.
In the push tractor method, the release lever is set to one of the tractor positions to release the
pressure between the paper advance roller and the platen. Figure 6-5 illustrates push tractor
operation when paper is fed through the rear paper entrance. Figure 6-6 illustrates push tractor
operation when paper is fed through the front paper entrance.
Paper (Continuous)
\
Paper Tension Roller
I
~
Push
Tractor
-.
\
*.
l\ Tractor Gear
/
Tractor Reduction Gear
Paper Tension Roller Gear
1
P/aper Advance
Reduction Gear
, P F Motor Pinion Gear
6F Motor
Figure 6-5. Push Tractor Operation Using the Rear Paper Entrance
Epson FX-870/I 170
6-7
Pthcipk of Operation
-
Paper (Continuous)
Paper Tension Roller
Paper Tension
Roller Gear
/
Platen Gear
PF Motor
P&h Tractor
‘Push Tractor Gear
Figure 6-6. Push Tractor Operation Using the Front Paper Entrance
-
6-8
Epson FX-870/I 170
Principles of Operation
Pull Tractor Method
The pull tractor advances paper in basically the same way as the push tractor. The push tractor
is installed at the paper entrance and pushes the paper into the printer mechanism. The pull
tractor, however, is installed at the paper exit and pulls the paper out of the printer mechanism.
As the result, the paper tension unit is not required.
Figure 6-7 illustrates pull tractor operation when the paper is fed through the bottom paper
entrance.
Paper (Continuous1
II Tractor Gear
Reduction Gear
Paper Drive
P
Paper Drive Roller Gea
PF Motor
\
\
\Paper Advance
Reduction Gear
Platen Gear
Figure 6-7. Pull Tractor Operation Using the Bottom Paper Entrance
Epson FX-870/I 170
6-9
Principles of Operation
Push-pull Tractor Method
The push-pull tractor method is a combination of the push and pull tractor methods. Two tractors
are used to advance the paper: one at the front paper entrance and the other at the rear paper
entrance. They operate simultaneously to push and pull the paper through the printer mechanism.
Figure 6-8 illustrates push-pull tractor operation when the paper is fed through the rear paper
entrance. Figure 6-9 illustrates push-pull tractor operation when the paper is fed through the front
entrance.
-
Paper (Continuous)
Pull Tractor
Push Tractor
/
Push Tractor Gear
Tractor Reduction Gear
,PF Motor Pinion Gear
Pull Tractor Gear
/
fiF Motor
Paper Advance
Reduction Gear
Figure 6-8. Push-pull Tractor Operation Using the Rear Paper Entrance
-
6-10
Epson FX-870/1170 ’
Principles of Operation
I
Paper Drive Roller
/
\
ctor Reduction Gear
PF Motor Pinion Gear
PF Motor
\
PaDer Advance Reduction Gear
l .
\
-
l .
\’
Platen Gear
\
Paper Drive Roller Gear
ush Tractor Gear
Push Tractor
Figure 6-9. Push-pull Tractor Operation Using the Front Paper Entrance
Epson FX-870/1170
6-11
Principles of Operation
The Release Lever
The release lever is used to select friction or tractor feeding or to release the paper. When the release
lever is set to the friction feed position, the paper guide rollers are pressed against the platen. When
it is set to one of the tractor feed positions, this pressure is released and the paper guide rollers are
separated from the platen. When it is set to the paper free position, the paper drive roller and the
lower paper guide roller at the front entrance are separated from each other. Figure 6-10 illustrates
the release lever; Figure 6-11 shows the function of each release lever setting.
Release Lever
Paper Guide Rollers
Right Frame
-
Release Shaft
Release Sensor
Figure 6-10. Release Lever
Front pkh-tractor
Release Lever
\
or Rear push-tractor
-
Figure 6-11. Release Lever Setting Functions
6-12
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Paper Paths
This section describes the various paths the paper follows through the printer mechanism. These
paper paths are divided into four groups, depending on the entrance the paper is fed from (top, rear,
bottom, or front).
Note: The front paper-end (PE) sensor is located in front of the printer mechanism and the rear
PE sensor is located behind the printer mechanism.
Top Entrance
Figure 6-12 shows the paper path for friction feeding using the top entrance. The top entrance is
used only for the friction feed method. When the top entrance is used, the rear PE sensor senses
when paper is out.
Paper (Cut Sheet)
Paper Tension Roller
Printhead
Paper Guide Rollers
Figure 6-12. Paper Path for Friction Feeding Using the Top Entrance
Epson FX-8700 170
6-13
Prlnclples of Operatbn
Rear Entrance
Figures 6-13 and 6-14 show the paper paths for tractor feeding using the rear entrance. The rear
entrance can be used for any of the following paper feed methods: push tractor feed, pull tractor
feed, or the push-pull tractor feed. When the rear entrance is used, the rear PE sensor senses when
paper is out.
Paper (Continuous)
Paper Tension Roller
Prlnth
Pap& Guide Rollers
Figure 6-13. Paper Path for Push Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance
Paper (Continuous)
Printhead
Paper &ide Rollers
Figure 6-14. Paper Path for Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance
6-14
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Paper (Continuous)
\
Printhead
Paper Guide Rollers
Figure 6-15. Paper Path for Push-pull Tractor Feeding Using the Rear Entrance
Bottom Entrance
Figure 6-16 shows the paper path for tractor feeding using the bottom entrance. The bottom
entrance is used only for pull tractor feeding. When the bottom entrance is used, the front PE sensor
senses when paper is out.
Paper (Continuous)
Tractor
Paper
Front PE Sensor
\
Lower Paper Guide Roller
Figure 6-16. Paper Path for Pull Tractor Feeding Using the BottomEntrance
Epson FX-870/1170
6-15
Principles of Operation
Front Entrance
-
Figures 6-17 through 6-20 show the paper paths for the front entrance. The front entrance can be
used with any of the following paper feed methods: friction feed, push tractor feed, pull tractor feed,
or push-pull tractor feed. When the front entrance is used, the front PE sensor senses when paper
is out.
Paper (Continuous),
Paper Tension Roller
Paper
Front PE Sensor
\
Lower Paper Guide Roller
-_
Figure 6-17. Paper Path for Friction Feeding Using the Front Entrance
Paper (Continuous),
Paper Tension Roller
Paper
ower Paper Guide Roller
Push Tractor
Figure 6-18. Paper Path for Push Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance
6-16
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Paper (Continuous)
Front PE Sensor \
Lower Paper Guide Roller
Figure 6-19. Paper Path for Pull Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance
Paper Drive Roller
Tower Paper Guide Roller
Front PE Sensor
Push Tractor
-
Figure 6-20. Paper Path for Push-pull Tractor Feeding Using the Front Entrance
Epson FX-870/1170
6-17
Principles of Operation
Ribbon Advance Mechanism
The ribbon is held between the ribbon advance roller (ribbon driving gear) and the ribbon pressure
roller. When the carriage moves on the shaft, the timing belt turns the belt driven pulley, and the
torque is transmitted to the ribbon driving gear through the gear train. The ribbon driving gear
rotates counterclockwise no matter what direction the carriage moves, because the planetary gear
is used in the gear linkage.
Table 6-2. Ribbon Advance Gear Linkage
Direction of Carriage Movement
Left to right
(indicated bv the black arrow)
Right to left
(indicated by the white arrow)
Gear Linkage
Belt-driven pulley 3 Gear 1 + Gear 2 3
Ribbon-driving gear
Belt-driven pulley ti Gear 1 c3 Gear 3 @
Ribbon-driving gear
G e a r 4 C=,
The ribbon brake spring, attached to the exit slot of the cartridge case, prevents slack in the ribbon
and keeps the ribbon tension at an appropriate level. The ribbon mask prevents the ribbon from
brushing against the paper.
Ribbon Advance Roller,
Ink Ribbon
I’
Ribbon Pressure
Mask
Gear (21,
\
.ake
Ribbon
Driving Gear
-
Figure 6-21. Ribbon Advance Mechanism
6-18
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Power Supply Operation
The FX-870/1170 printer is powered by a 120 VAC power supply board (C076 PSB board assembly).
This board outputs the DC current necessary to drive the printer control circuits and the printer
drive mechanism. Fuse Fl(2.5 A/125 V) is used to protect the power supply circuit of the board
in case of a short circuit.
Table 6-3. Power Supply Input Voltage and Fuse Rating
Input Voltage
103.5 - 132 VAC
Fuse Fl Rating
2.5 A/l25 V
Power Supply Overview
The power supply board has two power output lines that supply power to the control circuits and
the drive mechanisms. Table 6-4 lists the components (parts or assemblies) of the printer that are
powered by these two DC voltages.
Table 6-4. Power Supply Output Voltages and Applications
I
Output Voltage (DC)
Applications
+35 v
CR (carriage) motor drive
PF (paper feed) motor drive
Printhead drive
+5 v
Main control board logic circuitry
Sensors
Control panel LEDs
PF (paper feed) motor hold
Power Supply Circuit Operation
Figure 6-22 shows the power supply circuitry in block diagram form. When AC power enters the
printer from an external power source, the filter circuit removes the noise. The AC voltage then
undergoes full wave rectification and is smoothed to produce direct current. The voltage is then
fed through the switching circuit and the secondary smoothing circuit to produce a stepped down
+35 VDC voltage. A +35 VDC detector circuit is connected to the switching circuit. This feedback
control arrangement ensures a stable +35 VDC voltage supply.
A +5 VDC voltage is generated by feeding the +35 VDC voltage through the +5 VDC power supply
circuit, where the +35 VDC is stepped down to a stable +5 VDC voltage. The switching regulator
IC containing the overcurrent/overvoltage control circuits performs this function. It controls the
+5 VDC line output.
.
Epson FX-87011170
6-19
Pfinciples of Operation
The +5 VDC voltage-overload protection circuit cuts the +5 VDC line output ifthe voltage exceeds
+7 VDC. It stops the operation of the switching circuit and then the output of +35 VDC voltage.
The +35 VDC line has a voltage-overload protection circuit and a voltage drop protection circuit.
The +35 VDC voltage-overload protection circuit cuts the +35 VDC line output if the voltage exceeds
+36 VDC. It stops the operation ofthe switching circuit and then the output ofthe +35 VDC voltage.
The voltage drop protection circuit protects the printer against a sudden voltage drop that may be
caused by a short circuit in the secondary circuitry of the +35 VDC line. Ifa voltage drop is detected,
it stops the operation of the switching circuit and then the output of the +35 VDC voltage.
An external switch is used to turn printer power on or off. When the power switch is turned off,
the switching circuit is de-energized and the output of the +35 VDC voltage is stopped. However,
since the switch is in the secondary circuitry, current continues to flow in the primary circuitry as
long as the printer remains plugged into an external AC power source. For this reason, you must
disconnect the printer fi-om the external AC power source. Unplug the power cable from the AC
power outlet before you perform any maintenance work.
6-20
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Secondary
-
I
I
I
i
I
I
I
t
Full
Wave
Pectification
- S m o o t h i n g - $M$ing
. .
Circuit
Circuit
a
,
Smoothing
Circuit
-9 +35 VDC
+5v
Switching
Regulator
.~~~-~~~~~-~~~~~
+5v
Over Current
Control Circuit
---------------+5v
Filter Circuit
4
+5 V D C
AC input
_ Photo- +
coupler
\
I
+35 V Line
Detector Circuit
+35 V Line
Voltage Overload
Protection Circuit
L
ZD51
+t
I+
2052
J
- Voltage Drop
Protection Circuit
Power
- Switch
Figure 6-22. Power Supply Circuit Block Diagram
-
Epson FX-870/1170
6-21
Principles of Operation
Control Circuit Operation
The control circuit consists of two circuit boards: the CO94 MAIN (main control circuit board) and
the CO94 PNL (control panel circuit board). This section describes the operation of these boards.
Control Circuit Operation Overview
The CPU on the CO94 MAIN is an 8-bit TMP9OCO41F microprocessor (9.83 MHz). It oversees
control of all the components of the printer. The E05A66YA gate array contains various memory
management functions that control the memory assignment and J/O areas. The output signals
fkom each detector are sent to the analog input port of the CPU. The signals from the control panel
are sent to the gate array, which in turn, sends LED signals to the control panel. The two motors
(CR and PF) are controlled by signals sent from the stepping motor control port of the CPU. Figure
6-23 shows the control circuits in block diagram form.
I
I
-I-
I
E’PROM
4K BIT
I
I
I
PSRAM
1M BIT
I ‘-1
I
MASK
ROM
-.* -.-
pzG=L
-
w
1
I
+j1
CONTROL
PANEL
BUlTONS
AND LEDS
1
I
I
I
~i%k%E
s
+6VDC
w
+36VDC
m
Data
bus
-
Address bus
Figure! 6-23. Control Circuit Block Diagram
6-22
Epson FX-87W1170
Principles of Operation
Figure 6-24 shows the data flow from the host computer to the printhead. Data sent fkom the host
computer is converted to image data and transmitted to the printhead through the gate array.
CPU
RAM
I Host computer
+
Input
buffer
L
I
Image data
transfer
Gate Array
(EOSABGYA)
Figure 6-24. Data Flow
Epson FX-87W1170
6-23
Principles of Operation
Table 6-5 lists the fimctiona of the main componente of the CO94 MAIN.
Table 6-5. Functions of Main Components of CO94 MAIN
IC or Circuit
Functions
TMP90C041 F (2Cl)
Receives data from the host computer and loads it to the input buffer in
RAM. Expands the input data held in the buffer to create image data.
Loads the image data to the image buffer in RAM. Transfers the image
datato the printhead drive circuit. Also controls various printer mechanism
parts, such as the motors.
E05A66YA (IC4)
This gate array mainly performs the following five functions:
l Memory management
l Centronics I/F control
l Control panel control
l
E2PROM control
Printhead drive circuit control
l
PROM (iC3)
The PROM contains the program that runs the CPU.
RAM (iC2)
The RAM contains the CPU working area and the buffers.
-
E2PROM (XI)
The E*PROM is used to store information such as the top-of-form
position.
UPAl475H (ICl)
Drive circuit for PF motor
SLA7024M (iC5)
Drive circuit for CR motor
-
6-24
Epson FX-87W1170
Principles of Operation
Reset Circuit
The control circuits are initialized when the RESET signal is issued. The reset operation occurs
under these two conditions:
1. Power on reset
Immediately after the power is turned on, +35 VDC is rapidly generated. Because it takes a
moment for the voltage at ZD2 to reach +31.5 V, the voltage at the DISC terminal on the gate
array does not reach +5 VDC until capacitor C24 is fully charged. A similar integration circuit
is provided in the gate array and further delays the output of the ROUT signal. This LOW
level is used as a reset signal.
2. INIT signal reset
The reset signal is also issued when the INIT signal is sent from the host computer.
Figure 6-25 shows the power on reset circuit.
GA (IC4)
+35VDC
+5VDC
t
t
I
ZD2+
I
D7
gR31
RIN
I
DISC ROUT
-
156 l55 I5
CPU ~IC2ClI
I 15
Figure 6-25. Power On Reset Circuit
Epson FX-870/1170
6-25
Principles of Operation
Sensor Circuits
The FX-8’70/1170 printer has the following sensors: CRHOME, PE (FRONT), PE (REAR), PG
(platen gap), RELEASE LEVER(RL), and HEAD TEMPERATURE. All the sensors are mechanical
switches, except the rear PE sensor, which is a photo diode, and the HEAD TEMPERATURE
sensor, which is a thermistor.
-
In addition to the sensor circuits, a +35 V monitor circuit and a Vref circuit are also provided. The
+35 V monitor circuit sets the pulse length of the head drive signal. If the voltage of the +35 V line
drops below approximately +31 V, the printer stops printing for a while. As soon as the voltage
recovers, the printer starts to print at halfspeed. (The PF motor also slows down.) The Vref circuit
supplies the reference voltage for the A/D convertor in the CPU.
The CPU constantly monitors the printhead temperature. If the printhead temperature exceeds
the maximum level, the printer stops printing until the temperature drops to a certain level. When
the printhead temperature cools down, the printer resumes printing automatically.
Figure 6-26 shows the sensor circuit block diagram.
CPU (1C)
P55
CRHOME
P52
PE FRONT
P53
PE REAR
P34
PG
RELEASE
LEVER
P31
P51
P50
-.
+35 Voltage Monitor
+35 v
Head Temperature
Vref
Vref
ZDl
Figure 6-26. Sensor Circuit Block Diagram
6-26
Epson FX-8700 170
Principles of Operation
Carriage Motor Drive Circuit
The carriage motor drive circuit controls the CR motor. An open loop, constant-current drive
arrangement runs the CRmotor. 2-2 and 1-2 phases are used to excite the motor. A 2-2 phase step
is equivalent to a 1-2 phase step doubled. Table 6-6 describes the motor drive modes.
The CR motor drive circuit of the SLA7024M (IC6) detects and regulates the amount of current
flowing in the carriage motor coil. The current flowing through the coil varies, depending on the
speed of the CR motor. The CPU sets the amount of current via the I/O port of the gate array.
Signals are sent to the ports (L, M, HOLD) on the SLA7024M. The SLA7024M sets the coil current
depending on the CR motor speed.
The printer may stop printing to protect the CR motor from overheating if a continuous printing
of short columns (less than 10 columns) is repeated. The printer uses CPU ports P60 to P63
exclusively to control the CR motor.
CPU (IC2Cl)
SLA7024M (IC6)
CR MOTOR
ASSEMBLY
P60
P61
P62
P63
4-phase, 200-p, HB-type pulse motor
5.4 fi 2 10% (per phase) (at 77” F, 25°C)
Figure 6-27. Carriage Motor Drive Circuit
Table 6-6. Carriage Motor Drive Modes
Speed Mode
413
910
1
516
2l3
l/2
5/l 2
l/4
5124
ua
Epson FX-870/1170
PPS
4468
3840
3357
2800
2240
1680
1400
840
700
420
Excitation Phase
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-2
2-2
1-2
l-2
l-2
l-2
I -2
Characters Printed
Super draft
Super draft copy
Draft 10 cpi
4/3 high duty
NLQ
5/12 high duty
l/4 high duty
6-27
Principles of Operation
Paper Feed Motor Drive Circuit
The PF motor, a stepping motor, advances the paper at a minimum advance rate of l/216 inch. This
motor is a 2-2 phase, constant-voltage, drive motor. CPU ports (P70 tc P73) are used to control the
PF motor. Phase data for the PF motor is output through these ports. PFA to PFB are turned on
or off within the pPA1476H (ICl), depending on the phase data sent from the CPU.
When there is an output at A19 of the CPU, a +36 V voltage is supplied to the PFCOM terminal
of the PF motor. Otherwise, a +6 V voltage is supplied through Dl to hold the motor.
CPU
UPAl476H (ICl)
PF MOTOR
.
4-phase, 48-p PM-type pulse motor
36 VDC i 10%
61 a * 3 fi (per phase) (at 77’ F, 26“ C)
Figure 6-28. Paper Feed Motor Drive Circuit
6-28
Epson FX-87W1170
-
Principles of Operation
Printhead Drive Circuit
The printhead drive circuit receives two types of signals: image data and the pulse length control
signals. Image data is created in the CPU, transferred to the gate array, and latched to the
printhead. The pulse length control signal is set by the CPU. The pulse length is adjusted referring
to the voltage of the +35 V line. These two types of signals are sent to the printhead to print each
dot. Figure 6-29 shows the printhead drive circuit.
+35VDC
CPU (IC2Cl)
+35VDC
I
1
GA (IC4)
DO-7
DO-7
P83
HPW
HEAD
HDP
P51
HDNl
HDkl9
Figure 6-29. Printhead Drive Circuit
Parallel Interface Circuit
The parallel interface circuit controls the data flow from the host computer. When am signal
is sent from the host computer, the data is latched into the gate array (E05A66YA). Data is
transmitted until a BUSY signal is sent back automatically to the host computer to stop the data.
Then, the gate array outputs an B8’ signal to P82 (the interrupt signal port) of the CPU. The CPU
then reads the data latched into the gate array and, on completion ofthe reading, resets the BUSY
signal to enable the host computer to send more data. Figure 6-30 shows the parallel interface
circuit.
E05A55YA (IC4)
CPU (IC2Cl)
Parallel I/F
DO-7
STROBE
BUSY +
DINO-7
DATAO-7
STB
IBF
- - - - - - - - q----------I
I
I
I
I
----,,,,A
BUSY
DO-7
P82
Figure 6-30. Parallel Interface Circuit
Epson FX-870/1170
6-29
Principles of Operation
2
E PROM Control Circuit
Figure 6-31 shows the E2PROM control circuit. The E2PROM is non-volatile memory containing
information, such as the top-of-form position. Because the E2PROM is a serial I/O device, the gate
array converts the parallel data (sent fiorn the host computer) into serial data.
B5A66YA (IC4)
SCL
SCK
SDA
SDA
-
CPU (IC2Cl)
Data Bus
Figure 6-31. EZPROM Control Circuit
-
6-30
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Component Repair Information (for Dealers Outside the U.S.)
This portion of the manual provides additional information for servicers outside the U.S. who need
to make repairs to components on the circuit boards. (U.S. service technicians can ignore these
pages.)
Repairing the C076 PSB Board Assembly
This section gives instructions for repairing the C076 PSB board assembly. It describes various
problems, likely causes, checkpoints, and solutions. The checkpoint column provides proper
waveforms, resistance values, and other information for each component of the C076 PSB.
WARNING
The OPERATE button on the control panel only turns the secondary power circuit on or off, so
the primary power circuit is live as long as the printer is connected to an AC power outlet.
Do not touch the heat sink attached to the FET (Ql) when the printer is powered.
Table 6-7. Repairing the C076 PSB Board Assembly
Problem
Cause
The +35 V line is Diode bridge DBl
1 i s
b a d .
Sad.
Checkpoint
Measure the DC voltage between pins 3 and 4 of
DBl .
qeplace
IBl.
The transformer
coils are open.
Measure the resistance of the Tl transformer coils
at pins 3-2, 5-4, 1 O-l 1, and 11-9.
qeplace Tl .
Ql is bad.
* Check the voltage waveforms at Ql.
qeplace Ql .
CH1=50V
I
I
Epson FX-870/1170
Solution
TIME=2ps
I
I
Principles of Operation
Table 6-7. Repairing the C076 PSB Board Assembly (Continued)
Problem
cause
The voltage of the Q3, ICl, PCl,
t35 V line is below PC2 or ZD51 is
the specified value. bad.
Q2 is bad.
6-32
Checkpoint
Solution
Check the voltage waveforms at Q3.
Replace Q3,
ICl, PCl,
PC2 or
zD51.
Check the voltage waveforms at Q2.
Replace Q2.
Epson FX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Table 6-7. Repairing the C076 PSB Board Assembly (Continued)
Checkpoint
Solution
Problem
CalIS@
he +5 V line is
ad.
The +35 V line is
bad.
Check the +35 V line.
Refer to the
items
described
above.
IC51 is bad.
Check the oscillation waveform (IC51 pin 5) and the
switching waveform (IC51 pin 8).
Replace
IC51.
Q51 or Q52 is
bad.
Check the switching waveform at Q52 emitter.
Replace
Q51 or
Q52.
Epson FX-870/1170
6-33
Principles of Operation
Repairing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly
This section gives instructions for repairing the C094 MAIN board and describes various problems,
symptoms, likely causes, checkpoints, and solutions. The checkpoint column shows proper
waveforms, resistance values, and other information for each component of the C094 MAIN board.
Table 6-8. Repairing- the C094 MAIN Board Assembly
Problem Symptom
The CPU
4bnormal
weration at does not
rower on.
operate
properly.
6-34
Cause
The reset
circuit is
defective.
Checkpoint
Solution
Check the voltage waveforms of the VDD (+5 V) Replace Ic4
(IC4 pin 41) and ROUT (IC4 pin 15) when the
power is turned on.
The control Check HIGH/LOW alternation for the
ROM is not signal (IC4 pin 4).
selected.
Replace
IC4.
Either the
ROM or the
RAM is
defective.
Replace IC2
or IC3.
Epson PX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Table 6-8. Repairing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly (Continued)
Cause
Checkpoint
Solution
The CPU
Abnormal
operation at does not
operate
power on.
properly.
The CPU is
defective.
Check the oscillator signal (IC2Cl pin 27 or
pin 28).
If the signal is
not correct,
replace
IC2Cl.
Otherwise,
replace CRl.
Carriage
operation
abnormal.
IC6 is
defective.
Check the input signal (pin 5) and the output
waveform (pin, 8).
Replace IC6.
Problem
Symptom
The
carriage
does not
operate at
all.
Epson FX-870/1170
6-35
Principles of Operation
Table 6-8. Repairing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly (Continued)
-
Problem
Self-test
printing
abnormal
Self-test
printing
abnormal.
Symptom
Cause
Solution
Check the head pulse signal at pin 31 (input)
and pin 63 (output).
Replace IC4.
One of the Check the head drive signal at the base and
head driie the emitter of each transistor.
transistors
is defective
(QZ 4,5,
6, 8, 9, 10,
11, or 12).
If the signal
at the base
is normal,
replace the
transistor.
Otherwise,
replace IC4.
The printer
IC4 is
does not print defective.
the self-test.
A particular
dot fails to
print.
Checkpoint
-
-
6-36
Epson PX-870/1170
Principles of Operation
Table 6-8. Repairing the C094 MAIN Board Assembly (Continued)
Problem
Cause
Symptom
Paper feed
abnormal.
ICl is
The printer
does not feed defective.
the paper at
all or the
paper feed is
irregular.
Incorrect
printing of
data sent
from the
host
computer.
Data is
corrupted
when the
p a r a l l e
interface is
used.
Epson FX-87011170
Either IC4 or
IC5 is
defective.
Checkpoint
Check the input signal (pin 2) and the output
waveform (pin 3).
Solution
Replace ICl
Replace IC4
or IC5.
l
6-37
Reference Materials
Chapter 7
Reference Materials
Connector Summary .................................................................................
Circuit Diagrams ......................................................................................
Circuit Board Component Layouts ........................................................
Outline Drawings ...................................................................................
7-1
7-5
7-10
7-13
List of Figures
Figure 7-1. Cable Connections ............................................................... 7-1
Figure 7-2. C094 MAIN Board Assembly
Circuit Diagram (Annotated) .............................................. 7-5
Figure 7-3. C094 MAIN Board Assembly Circuit Diagram ................. .7-6
Figure 7-4. C076 PSB Board Assembly
Circuit Diagram (Annotated) .............................................. 7-7
Figure 7-5. C076 PSB Board Assembly Circuit Diagram .................... .7-8
Figure 7-6. C094 PNL Board Assembly Circuit Diagram ..................... 7-9
Figure 7-7. C094 MAIN Board Assembly Component Layout............ . 7-10
Figure 7-8. C076 PSB Board Assembly Component Layout.. ............ . 7-11
Figure 7-9. C094 PNL Board Assembly Component Layout ............. . 7-12
Figure 7-10. FX-870 Case Outline Drawing .......................................... 7-13
Figure 7-11. FX-1170 Case Outline Drawing ........................................ 7-14
List of Tables
C094 MAIN Board Connector Summary ............................ 7-2
CN2, Optional I/F (C094 MAIN Board Assembly) ............. 7-3
CN3, Front PE Sensor (C094 MAIN Board Assembly)..... .7-3
CN4, Release Sensor (C094 MAIN Board Assembly)........ .7-3
CN5, PG Sensor (C094 MAIN Board Assembly) ................ 7-3
CN6, Paper Feed Motor (C094 MAIN Board Assembly). .. .7-3
CN7, Home Position Sensor (C094 MAIN
Board Assembly) .................................................................. 7-3
Table 7-8. CN8, Printhead (C094 MAIN Board Assembly) ................. 7-4
Table 7-9. CN9, Rear PE Sensor (C094 MAIN Board Assembly) ...... .7-4
Table 7-10. CN12, Control Panel (C094 MAIN Board Assembly). ....... .7-4
Table 7-11. CN13, Carriage Motor (C094 MAIN Board Assembly) ..... .7-4
Table 7-12. CN14, Power Supply (C094 MAIN Board Assembly)........ .7-4
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
Table
7-1.
7-2.
7-3.
7-4.
7-5.
7-6.
7-7.
Epson FX-870/1170
7-i
Reference Materials 7
Connector Summary
Figure 7-1 illustrates the interconnection of the primary components. Table 7-1 summarizes
the functions and sizes of the connectors.
7
AC IN
4
CO94 MAIN BOARD ASSEMBLY
(1
1 CN4 t
1 CN6 1
CNl
+iiq
(CN2k
1 CN13 1
I
CO76 PSB
BOARD ASSEMBLY
L
I
I
PF MOTOR
I ASSEMBLY
PRINTER MECHANISM
t
+
I
I
CO94 PNL
BOARD ASSEMBLY
I
Figure 7-1. Cable Connections
Epson FX-870/1170
7-1
Reference Materials
Table 7-1. CO94 MAIN Board Connector Summary
Board
CO94 MAIN
Board Assembly
-
Connector
CNl
CN2
CN3
CN4
CN5
CN6
CN7
CN8
CN9
CN12
CN13
CN14
Function
Host Computer
Optional Interface
Front PE Sensor
Release (RL) Sensor
Gap (PG) Sensor
PF Motor Assembly
Home Position (HP) Sensor
Printhead
Rear PE Sensor
CO94 PNL Board Assembly
CR Motor Assembly
CO76 PSB Board Assembly
Pins
36
36
2
(Blue)
2 (White)
2 (Black)
6
2 (Yellow)
14
3
10
5
11
-
7-2
Epson FX-870/1170
Reference Materials
See Table 1-14 for CNl (Centronics interface) signal functions and pin assignments.
Table 7-3. CN3, Front PE Sensor
(CO94 MAIN Hoard Assembly)
Table 7-2. CN2, Optional I/F
(CO64 MAIN Hoard Assembly)
No. l/O Signal Name
I
I
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
+5
TXD
READY
RXD
NC
RST
INH
CMREQ
WRRDY
RDREQ
WR
RD
cs
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
GND
A3
A2
Al
A0
07
D6
D5
D4
D3
D2
Dl
DO
Epson FX-870/1170
Function
+5VDC
+5vDc
+5VDC
+5vDc
+5vDc
+5vDc
Transmit Data
Ready to Receive Data
Receive Data
No Connection
Reset
Inhibit
Command Request
Wriie Ready
Read Request
Write
Read
Chip Select
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Address Bus Blt 3
Address Bus Bit 2
Address Bus Bit 1
Address Bus Bit 0
Data Bus Bit 7
Data Bus Bit 6
Data Bus Bit 5
Data Bus Bit 4
Data Bus Bit 3
Data Bus Bit 2
Data Bus Bit 1
Data Bus Blt 0
No. l/O Signal Name
GND
1
1
1 2 1 I 1 PEF
Function
Signal Ground
Front Paper End 1
Table 7-4. CN4, Release Sensor
(CO94 MAIN Hoard Assembly)
Table 7-5. CN5, PG Sensor
(CO94 MAIN Hoard Assembly)
Table 7-6. CN6, Paper Feed Motor
(CO64 MAIN Hoard Assembly)
MO.
1
2
3
4
5
6
-
Signal Name
PFA
PFA
PFB
PFB
PFCOM
PFCOM
Function
PF Motor Phase A
PF Motor Phase 3
PF Motor Phase B
PF Motor Phased
PF Motor Common
PF Motor Common
Table 7-7. CN7, Home Position Sensor
(CO64 MAIN Hoard Assembly)
7-3
Reference Materials
Table 7-11. CN13, CarA& Motor
(CO94 MAlN Board Assembly)
Table 7-8. CNS, Printhead
(CO94 MAIN Board Assembly)
So.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
l/O Signal Name
0
HD2
0
c246
0
HD6
0
HD8
0
HD4
0
HD9
TMP
I
0
c789
0
TMP
0
HDl
0
HD3
0
HD5
0
HD7
0
Cl35
Function
Head Data 2
Head Drive Common
Head Data 6
Head Data 8
Head Data 4
Head Data 9
Head Temperature
Head Drive Common
Head Temperature
Head Data 1
Head Data 3
Head Data 5
Head Data 7
Head Driie Common
Table 7-9. CNO, Rear PE Sensor
(CO94 MAIN Board Assembly)
No. l/O Signal Name
1
GND
2
I
PER
3
I
LED
Function
Signal Ground
Rear Paper End
Paper End LED
No. I l/O Signal
Name I
I
1
I1 I 01 &A
CRA
0
0
CRB
0
CRB
0
CRCOM
Functlon
CR Motor Phase A
CR Motor Phase x
CR Motor Phase B
CR Motor Phase B
CR Motor Common
Table 7-12. CN14, Power Supply
(CO94 MAIN Board Assembly)
uo,
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
-
Signal Name
+5
+5
GND
GND
GND
GP
GP
GP
+35
Function
+5 VDC
+5 VDC
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Signal Ground
Power Ground
Power Ground
Power Ground
+35 VDC
+35 VDC
Power Switch Signal
Table 7-10. CN12, Control Panel
(CO94 MAIN Board Assembly)
IW. l/O Signal Name
1
+5
2
0
READY
3.
0
STAT
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
7-4
0
0
I
I
I
I
-
FONT
COND
PAUSE
FONT
PFEED
OPERA
GND
Function
+5 VDC
READY LED
STAT LED
( Not equipped)
FONT LED
‘CONDENSED LED
PAUSE Button
FONT Button
PAPER FEED Button
OPERATE Button
Signal Ground
Epson FX-870/1170
Reference Materials
Circuit Diagrams
B:,&
sE:IOK
I
A /I/II/II III ,,,,
I Il/IIl/II
Head Conrrol
IIIIII ’
0,‘
OTC1132
II
/IIm O,‘”
Ill
i
- Pf Molar Control
CNL
LE<ER
CYS
G&P
CN3
PEFRNT
CNS
PERAEFI
(
(
(
Pf Motor Ower
(
Figure 7-2. C094 MAIN Board Assembly
Circuit Diagram (Annotated)
Epson FX-870/1170
7-5
Reference Materials
.
I
\
=
-
-
-
Figure 73. C094 MAIN Board Assembly
Circuit Diagram
7-6
Epson FX-87CY1170
Surge Current ProtectIon
CB
220Op/lKV
_
3
TI P
‘-9;
*,
051
FMP-G125
t5V DC Reourator
ct-42
Clrcult
PSC
-I
+35V/O.?A
F
LPZOl-2R5SO
R RW
R4
0
C 6
I I
F
, +SV/I.OA
II
o.3gs
0
3
O.,u,‘AC250V
16K
F
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C076 PSB Power Supply Board
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100-120VAC
CO76 PSB Power Supply Board
Reference Materials
GND
0
SW4
*OPERA
,
*PAPER FEED t&-----h “’
0
*FONT
CNI
rPAUSE/l-OFF
CONDENSED
o7
*SW3
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0
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FONT
0
1/1
N
0
LED2
I
STATUS
2
L/I LED1
N
41
Note: The STATUS LED is not implemented in this model.
Figure 7-6. CO94 PNL Board Assembly Circuit Diagram
Epson FX-870/1170
7-9
Reference Materials
Circuit Board Component Layouts
PF Motor
PF Motor
e.m
Parallel
hlterface
/CNl
PG Sensor
c
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CN7 PE Rear/
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PE Front
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Drivers
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Figure 7-7. CO94 MAIN Board Assembly Component Layout
7-10
Epson FX-870/1170
Reference Materials
n
EEm
EPS-I I
MODEL 1
Figure 7-8. CO76 PSB Board Assembly Component Layout
Epson FX-870/1170
7-11
Reference Materials
6 I.202
lmal
fi L2DJ
CO94 PNL
q
SW3
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SW4
CMK- 54x1 Am
Note: The STATUS LED is not implemented in this model.
Figure 7-9. CO94 PNL Board Assembly Component Layout
7-12
Epson F&870/1 170
Reference Mater&
Outline Drawings
r
I
---
I
I
I
380
’
I
I
I
i
Figure 7-10. FX-870 Case Outline Drawing
Epson FX-870/1170
7-13
Reference Materials
I
L
I
-
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I
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r-
r-r-=-
0--1
Figure 7-11. F’X-1170 Case Outline Drawing
-
7-14
Epson FX-870/1170
Index
Symbols
+35 V 3-1, 6-19, 6-25, 6-28, 6-29
line 6-31, 6-32
monitor circuit 6-26
detector 6-19
+5 V 3-1, 3-4, 6-19, 6-25, 6-28
line 6-33
136-column 1-10, 4-8, 5-2
80-column 1-8,4-8,5-2
A
abbreviations 4-3
Abicomp 1-21
AC power 3-1, 4-1, 6-19
outlet 2-1, 6-31
source 6-20
accessories 1-34
ACKNLG 1-13
addresses vii
adjust 4-1
lever 1-24, 3-2, 4-11, 5-1, 6-4
adjustment 3-6, 4-1, 5-1, 5-2, 5-3
bushing 4-11, 5-1, 5-2
airmail 1-7
alignment 5-3
ALT 1-18, 1-19
Amphenol 1-13
analog input port 6-22
assembly 4-1 through 4-25
auto
CR 1-22
LF 1-20,3-7
loading 1-1
tear-off 1-20, 1-24
AUTOEXEC.BAT 2-4
B
base 3-4, 6-36
baud rate 3-8
beeps 1-20, 1-22, 1-27, 3-5
belt driven pulley 6-18
bidirectional adjustment 3-6, 5-3
bidirectional printing 1-12
bin 1-27
selection 1-19
bit
image mode 1-12
rate 3-7
Epson FX-870/1170
Index-1
Index
blinking 1-19
bond paper 1-7
bottom entrance 6-9, 6-15
box driver 5-1
BRASCII 1-21
buffer 1-1, 1-13, 1-15, 1-17, 1-22, 1-24, 1-26, 6-24
full printing 1-24
bushing 5-1
BUSY 1-13, 6-29
/READY 3-8
buttons 1-17
buzzer 1-27, 3-6, 6-2
C
C076 PSB board 1-28, 1-30, 4-23, 4-24, 6-19, 6-31, 6-32, 6-33
C094 MAIN board 1-28, 1-29, 3-6, 3-7, 3-18, 4-9, 4-23,6-22, 6-24, 6-34,6-35, 6-36, 6-37, 7-2, 7-5,
7-10
C094 PNL board 1-28, 1-30, 6-22, 7-9, 7-12
cable 1-13, 1-16, 2-1, 3-1, 3-6, 3-8, 4-1, 4-2
configuration 2-2, 2-3, 3-8
connections 7-1
cam 5-6
carbon 1-5
carbonless 1-5, 1-6
carriage 3-2, 3-6, 3-7, 3-11, 4-15, 4-16, 5-6, 6-35
error 1-27, 3-5
guide shaft 6-3, 6-4, 5-1, 3-6
home 1-26, 3-2, 3-6, 3-7, 3-19, 4-18, 6-4,6-26, 7-3
mechanism 1-31,6-1, 6-3
motor 1-31, 3-4, 3-6, 4-12, 6-19, 6-24, 6-27,7-4
drive circuit 6-27
drivers 3-4
operation 3-6
width 3-7
case 7-13, 7-14
Centronics 1-13, 1-34, 2-2
character
pitch 1-12, 1-20
sets 1-12
size 1-12
table 1-1, 1-21, 1-22
checklist 4-2
circuit diagrams 7-5 through 7-9
cleaning 5-5
CMREQ 1-26
Coax interface 1-3
codes 3-21 through 3-24
coil 6-1, 6-27
collector 3-4
columns 1-12
COM port 3-7, 3-8
commands
ESC/P 3-21,3-22
IBM 3-23,3-24
Index-2
Epson FX-870/1170
Index
common 3-2, 3-3
communications errors 3-7, 3-8
component 1-28, 6-34
layouts 7-10
repair 6-31
condensed 1-12, 1-17, 1-18, 1-19
connector 1-14, 3-1, 3-3, 4-9, 4-12, 4-23, 4-24, 7-2
locations 3-18
summary 7-1
continuity 3-1, 3-4
continuous paper 1-1, 1-5, 1-9, 1-17,6-5
control
circuit 6-22
codes 3-21 through 3-24
panel 1-17, 1-22, 1-23, 1-28, 1-30, 2-1, 6-19,6-22, 7-4, 7-9, 7-12
copier paper 1-7
copies 1-6
correction value 5-3
cps 1-13
CPU 1-29, 3-5, 6-22, 6-35
CR (carriage)
home 1-26, 2-1, 3-2, 3-6, 3-7,3-19,4-18,6-3,6-4,6-26,7-3
HP sensor
1-26, 3-2, 3-6, 3-7, 3-19, 4-18, 6-26, 7-3
motor 1-31, 3-4, 3-6, 4-12, 6-19, 6-24, 6-27, 7-4
drive circuit 6-27
drivers 3-4
current
adjustment value 5-4
default settings 1-20
print position 1-18
cut sheet feeder 1-1,1-3, 1-19
cut sheets 1-1, 1-8, 1-17, 6-5
D
data
dumps 1-23, 3-21, 3-23
flow 6-23
transmission 3-7
DC current 6-19
dead 3-6, 3-9, 3-10
decibel level 1-35
default
setting mode 1-1, 1-24, 3-7
settings 1-20, 1-23, 1-35,3-6
denatured alcohol 5-5
Denmark 1-21
density 1-25
dielectric strength 1-11
diodes 3-4
DIP switch l-l, 3-8
settings 3-7
direct current 6-19
disassembly 4-1 through 4-25
Epson FX-870/1170
Index-3
Index
dot 6-1
wires 3-3
double-space 3-7, 3-17
draft 1-13, 1-18, 1-19,5-4
drive
circuit 6-24, 6-27, 6-28,6-29
roller assembly 5-6
signals 6-1
voltage 6-1
driver 3-2, 3-4, 3-6
carriage motor 3-4
paper feed motor 3-4
printhead 3-4
selections 1-33
driving wires 6-1
dust 5-5
duty 1-24
cycle 1-11, 2-4
E
ETROM 1-27, 2-1, 3-5, 3-7,5-3, 6-24
control circuit 6-30
ejection 1-24
electrical specifications 1-11
electromagnetic interference 2-1
elite 1-1, 1-12
emitter 3-4, 6-36
emulation 1-20
entrance, paper 6-6 through 6-11, 6-13 through 6-17
envelopes 1-4, 1-6
environmental conditions 1-11
error 1-19, 1-27, 3-7, 3-8
codes 3-5
status 1-14
ESC/P 1-21
commands 3-21, 3-22
mode 1-12, 1-21
excitation phase 6-27
exploded diagram 5-7
extractor tool 4-24
F
factory setting 1-18, 1-20, 1-27, 3-7, 3-8
fanfold 1-4, 1-7
fatal error 1-19, 1-27, 3-5
feed 3-12
FET (Ql) 4-24, 6-31
FFC 4-6, 4-7, 4-9, 4-11, 4-13, 4-14
filter circuit 6-19
firmware
specifications 1-12
version 1-23
flexible flat cable 4-6, 4-7, 4-9, 4-11, 4-13, 4-14
Index-4
Epson FX-870/1170
Index
font 1-12, 1-17, 1-18, 1-19, 1-20, 1-21, 1-22, 5-4
form feed 1-24
frame 4-11
ground connector 2-2
left 4-11, 4-18
right 4-11
France 1-21
frequency range 1-11
friction 6-5, 6-6
feed 1-4, 1-5, 6-13, 6-16
mechanism 1-5
front
cover 4-5
entrance 6-7, 6-8, 6-10, 6-11,6-16, 6-17
feed 1-35
insertion 1-8
PE sensor 1-24, 3-2, 3-20,4-19,6-13,6-15, 6-16, 6-26, 7-3
sheet guide 1-3
full wave rectification 6-19
fuse
F1 6-19
rating 6-19
FX-850/1050 1-1, 1-33
FX-86e/286e 1-1, 1-33
G
gap 1-25, 3-2, 3-6, 4-18, 5-1, 5-2, 5-6, 6-4, 6-26
adjustment 3-6, 4-1, 5-1,5-3
sensor 3-20,4-18,6-4,7-3
garbled print 3-7
gate array 6-22, 6-24, 6-29, 6-30
gauge 4-1, 5-2
gear
arrangement 5-3
linkage 6-18
train 4-14,6-7, 6-18
Germany 1-21
graphics 3-8
grease 5-5
ground 2-2,3-1, 3-4
group
1 features 1-20
2 features 1-21
3 features 1-22
H
handling paper 1-5
handshaking 1-13, 3-8
head
cable 3-6, 3-13
drive signal 6-26
drive transistors 3-4, 6-36
hot 1-19
Epson FX-870/1170
Index-5
Index
pulse signal 6-36
temperature 6-26
thermistor 1-19,3-5
heat 6-2
sink 4-24,6-31
hex
dumps 1-23,3-21, 3-23
codes 3-21 through 3-24
high
capacity cut-sheet feeder 1-3
duty printing 1-24
speed draft 1-1, 1-13
voltage error 1-19,3-5
home
position 1-26,2-1,3-2,3-6,3-7,3-19,4-18,6-3,6-4,6-26,7-3
sensor
1-26,3-2, 3-6,3-7,3-19, 4-18, 6-26, 7-3
hooks 4-5, 4-8
horizontal tab 1-26
host 3-6, 3-15
housing assembly 1-28
HP (home position) sensor 1-26, 3-2, 3-6, 3-7, 3-19, 4-18, 6-26, 7-3
humidity 1-6, 1-7, 1-11
I
I/F 1-3, 1-13, 1-16, 1-34, 2-1, 3-6,3-7,3-8,6-29,7-3
card 1-11, 1-3, 3-7, 3-8, 4-23
grounding plate 4-23
support 4-23
IBM
commands 3-23, 3-24
mode 1-12, 1-21, 1-22
Proprinter 1-20
illegal paper 1-27
image data 6-23, 6-24, 6-29
incorrect RAM 1-19,3-5
indicators 1-17, 1-19, 1-27, 3-5
infinite retries 2-3, 2-4,3-8
INIT signal 1-26,6-25
initialization 1-20, 1-26
input
buffer 1-1, 1-13, 1-15, 1-17, 1-22, 1-24, 1-26,6-24
full 1-14
frequency 1-11
voltage 6-19
installation 4-4
interconnection 7-1
interface 1-3, 1-13, 1-34, 2-1, 3-6, 3-7, 3-8, 6-29,7-3
card l-3, 3-7, 3-8, 4-23
circuit 2-2, 6-29
configuration 2-4
interrupt signal 6-29
isolate 3-1
isolation 3-6
Index-8
Epson FX-87W1170
Index
italic 1-21, 3-8
Italy 1-21
L
labels 1-4, 1-5, 1-6
layout 1-29
diagram 3-18, 7-10
LEDs 1-19, 2-1
left frame 4-11, 4-18
length 1-6
lever
adjust 1-24, 3-2,4-11, 5-1, 6-4
release 1-5, 1-24, 1-27, 3-2, 3-5, 4-13, 4-14, 5-1, 6-6, 6-7,6-12,6-26
life 1-33
line spacing 1-4, 1-26
lines 1-23
load paper 3-7
loading 1-24
position 1-18, 1-27
logic level 1-13
low voltage 1-19,3-5
lubricants 4-1
lubrication 5-1, 5-5
points 5-7
M
main board 1-28, 1-29, 3-6, 3-7, 3-18, 4-9, 4-23, 6-22,6-24,6-34,6-35,6-36,6-37
circuit diagram 7-5
component layout 7-10
connector summary 7-2
maintenance 2-4, 5-1, 5-5, 6-20
margins 3-16
matrix 1-4
MCBF 1-11
memory 1-18, 1-20, 1-21, 1-22, 1-23, 1-26, 1-27, 6-30
error 1-27,3-5
management functions 6-22
meter 4-1
reading 3-2, 3-3, 3-4
micro
adjust 3-7
feed 1-18, 1-27
microprocessor 6-22
MODE command 3-7, 3-8, 2-3, 2-4
motor 1-31,3-2, 3-4, 3-6,4-12, 4-13, 6-3, 6-19, 6-22, 6-24, 6-27,6-28, 7-4
drivers 3-4
MTBF 1-11
multi-part 1-5
paper 1-5
multimeter 3-2, 3-3, 3-4, 4-1
Epson FX-870/1170
Index-7
Index
N
NLQ 1-13, 1-18, 1-19, 5-4
noise 1-15, 6-19
non-volatile memory 1-18, 1-20, 1-22, 1-23, 1-26, 6-30
null modem cable 2-2
O
ohms 3-2, 3-3
oil 5-5
pad 5-6
open 3-2, 3-4
OPERATE 1-17, 3-1
operating modes 1-33
optional I/F 1-16,7-3
boards 1-1, 1-3, 3-7,3-8,4-23
oscillation waveform 6-33
oscillator 6-35
oscilloscope 4-1
outlet 2-1, 6-31
outline drawings 7-13, 7-14
output voltages 6-19
outside the U.S. 6-31
overcurrent 6-19
overheat 1-24, 2-4, 6-2, 6-27
P
packing material 2-1
page length 1-20, 1-23, 1-26, 3-16
command 1-26
page size 3-7
panel unit 4-6
paper 4-4
advance 6-6
advance roller 6-7
debris 5-5
eject cover 4-5
end 1-5, 3-7
sensor 1-24,3-2, 3-7,3-20,4-19,6-13 through 6-16,6-26,7-3,7-4
error 1-19, 1-27,3-6,3-7
feed 1-17, 1-18, 1-19, 1-22, 2-2, 3-2, 3-6,5-4,6-37
mechanism 1-31, 6-1
motor 1-31,3-4,3-6,4-13,6-7,6-19,6-24,6-26,6-28,7-3
drive circuit 6-28
drivers 3-4
guide
assembly 4-5
rollers 6-6, 6-12
handling 1-4, 6-5
out 1-17, 1-24, 3-5
park 1-1, 1-19, 1-25
path 1-7, 1-17, 1-35, 6-5, 6-13, 6-14, 6-15, 6-16, 6-17
Index-8
Epson FX-870/1170
Index
tension
roller 6-6, 6-7
gear 6-6
unit 1-5,6-9
thickness 1-25
width 1-8
parallel 1-34, 3-6
cable 2-2
interface 1-3, 1-13, 2-1, 6-29
parallelism adjustment bushing 3-6, 4-11, 5-1, 5-2,5-3
parameters 1-22
parity 2-4, 3-7
Parts Order Services 4-24
path l-l, 6-13, 6-14, 6-15
PAUSE 1-17, 1-18, 1-19, 1-21, 1-22, 1-24, 5-4
/TEAR OFF 1-17
PE (paper end)
1-24,3-2,3-20,4-19,6-13,6-15,6-16,6-26, 7-3
front
rear
1-24,3-2,3-20,4-19,6-13,6-15,6-16,6-26, 7-3
sensor 1-24,3-2,3-7,3-20,4-19,6-13 through 6-16,6-26,7-3,7-4
PF (paper feed)
gear train 4-14
motor 1-31, 3-4, 3-6, 4-13, 6-7, 6-19, 6-24, 6-26, 6-28, 7-3
drive circuit 6-28
drivers 3-4
pinion gear 6-7
PG (platen gap) 1-25,3-2, 3-6,4-18, 5-1,5-2,5-6,6-4,6-26
lead 4-18
sensor 3-20,4-18, 6-4, 7-3
phase 3-2,6-27, 6-28
phone numbers vii
photo diode 6-26
pica l-l, 1-12
pin
assignments 1-14, 7-3, 7-4
numbers 3-1, 3-4,7-3,7-4
pinion gear 6-7
pitch 1-12, 1-19
planetary gear 6-18
plate spring 6-2
platen 4-10, 5-1, 6-6, 6-12
platen gap 1-25,3-2, 3-6,4-18,5-1,5-2, 5-6, 6-4,6-26
adjust lever 1-24, 3-2, 4-11,5-1,6-4
adjustment 3-6,4-1, 5-1,5-3
sensor 3-20,4-18,6-4, 7-3
platen gear 6-6, 6-7
platen knob 4-10
platen shaft holder 4-10
PNL board 1-28, 1-30,6-22
circuit diagram 7-9
component layout 7-12
port 2-3, 2-4
power 3-1
cable 6-20
Epson FX-870/1170
Index-9
Index
consumption 1-11
on 1-22, 3-6, 3-7, 3-9, 3-10, 6-34
default settings 1-13, 1-22
hours 1-11
reset 6-25
sequence 2-1
outlet 2-1,6-31
supply 1-28, 1-30, 3-1, 3-4, 4-1, 4-4, 4-23, 4-24, 6-19, 6-31 through 6-33, 7-4
voltage 3-5, 3-6
precautions 4-1
preventive maintenance 5-5
primary circuit 3-1, 4-1, 4-4, 6-20, 6-31
print
buffer 1-1, 1-13, 1-15, 1-17, 1-22, 1-24, 1-26, 6-24
control 1-12
quality 3-13
screen 2-3, 2-4
speed 1-13, 1-33
printable
area 1-8
characters 1-22
printer
cables 1-13,1-15,2-1 through 2-3, 3-1, 3-6, 3-8, 4-1, 4-21
life 2-4
mechanism 1-28, 4-9, 5-1, 5-2, 6-1, 6-2
printhead 2-4, 3-3, 3-6, 4-7, 5-1, 5-2, 6-1, 6-19, 7-4
drive circuit 6-23, 6-24, 6-29, 6-36
drivers 3-3
life 1-11
mechanism 6-1
temperature 1-24
problem 3-1, 3-6, 3-7, 3-8
PROM 6-24
Proprinter 1-20
PSB board 1-28,
1-30,
4-23,
4-24,
6-19,
6-31
through
6-33
circuit diagram 7-7
component layout 7-11
pull 1-1, 1-5, 6-14, 6-15, 6-17
tractor 1-4, 1-7, 6-5, 6-9, 6-14, 6-16
unit 1-5
pulse length control 6-29
push 1-1, 1-5, 6-14
tractor 1-4, 1-7, 6-5, 6-7, 6-14, 6-16
push-pull 1-5, 6-15, 6-17
tractor 1-4, 6-5, 6-10, 6-14, 6-16
-.
R
rack 4-15
RAM 1-19, 1-27, 2-1, 3-5, 6-24, 6-34
rated
current 1-11
voltage 1-11
RD (ribbon drive)
assembly 4-17, 5-6
Index-10
EpsonFX-870/1170
Index.
gears 3-6, 5-6, 6-18
READY 1-17, 1-19
rear
entrance 6-7, 6-10, 6-14
feed 1-35
frame 4-11
paper guide 4-20
PE sensor 1-24, 3-2, 3-20, 4-19, 6-13, 6-14, 6-26, 7-4
recycled paper 1-6, 1-7
reduction gear 6-6, 6-7
reference voltage 6-26
release
error 3-5
lead 4-20
lever 1-5, 1-24, 1-27, 3-2, 3-5,4-13, 4-14, 5-1, 6-6, 6-7, 6-12, 6-26
sensor 3-19, 4-20, 7-3
relative humidity 1-11
reliability 1-11
reset
circuit 6-25, 6-34
command 1-26
resident fonts 1-33
resistance 3-2, 3-3
values 6-31
retries 2-3, 2-4, 3-8
reverse feeds 1-5, 1-7, 1-24
RFI 1-12
R.H (relative humidity) 1-11
ribbon 1-3, 1-10, 2-4, 3-6, 3-14, 4-4, 4-5, 6-1
advance
mechanism 6-18
roller 6-18
brake spring 6-18
drive 4-17
assembly 4-17, 5-6
gear train 3-6, 5-6, 6-18
feed mechanism 1-31
life 1-10
mask 3-6, 4-10, 5-1, 5-2, 6-18
pressure roller 6-18
tension 6-18
right
frame 4-11
sub frame 4-14
tractor frame 4-22
roll paper 1-3, 1-4, 1-10
rollers 5-5
ROM 3-6, 6-34
Roman 1-18, 1-19
RS-232C 2-2
S
safety approvals 1-12
Sans serif 1-18, 1-19
Epson FX-870/1170
Index-11
Index
schematics 7-5 through 7-9
screwdriver 4-1
screws 4-3
secondary circuit 2-1, 3-1, 4-1, 4-4, 6-20
self-test 1-22, 2-1, 3-6, 6-36
sensor 1-31, 3-1, 3-2, 3-6, 3-7, 4-18, 4-19, 4-20, 6-3, 6-19
circuits 6-26
front PE 1-24, 3-2, 3-20, 4-19, 6-13, 6-15, 6-16, 6-26, 7-3
HP 1-26, 3-2, 3-6, 3-7, 3-19, 4-18, 6-3, 6-26, 7-3
locations 3-19
rear PE 1-24, 3-2, 3-20, 4-19, 6-13, 6-14, 6-26, 7-4
release 3-19, 4-20, 7-3
serial 1-16, 3-7, 7-3
cable 2-2
communications errors 3-7, 3-8
I/F card 1-1, 1-3, 3-7, 3-8, 4-23
settings 1-20, 1-23, 1-35, 3-6
shielded 2-2
shock 1-11, 4-24
short 3-2, 3-4, 3-6
circuit 6-19, 6-20
signal functions 1-14, 7-3
single-bin cut-sheet feeder 1-3
site requirements 2-1
skip-over-perforation 1-20, 1-26
slack 6-18, 4-16
smoothing circuit 6-19
solenoid 6-1
solution 3-6, 3-7, 3-8
Spain 1-21
special tool 4-1, 4-24
specifications
continuous paper 1-7
cut sheets 1-6
envelopes 1-7
labels 1-7
roll paper 1-8
speed 1-13, 1-22, 1-24, 1-33, 6-4, 6-27
springs 5-5
spur gear 5-6
stepping motor 6-3, 6-22, 6-28
stop bit 2-4
STROBE
pulse 1-13
signal 6-29
sub frame 4-14
sunlight 2-1
supply 3-1
Sweden 1-21
switches 1-1, 3-7, 3-8
switching
circuit 6-20
waveform 6-33
symptoms 3-6, 3-7
Index-12
Epson FX-87W1170
Index
T
tear-off 1-17, 1-18, 1-19, 1-20, 1-24, 1-27
temperature 1-6, 1-7, 1-11, 2-1, 6-2, 6-26
tension spring 4-12
test
pins 3-2
points 3-1 through 3-4
tests 3-1
text mode 1-12
thermal protection 1-24
thermistor 2-4, 3-3, 3-5, 6-2, 6-26
thick paper 1-4, 1-5
thickness 1-6, 1-7, 1-8, 1-25, 4-1,6-4
gauge 4-1,5-2
thin paper 1-4
timeout 2-4, 3-8
timers 2-1
timing 1-14, 5-3
belt 4-12, 4-15, 4-16, 6-3, 6-18
tools 4-1
top
cover 4-5
entrance 6-6, 6-13
insertion 1-8
margin 3-7
-of-form 1-17, 1-24
tractor 6-5, 6-6
clutch cam 5-6
feed 1-5
gear 6-7
guide shaft 4-22
shaft 4-22
unit 1-1, 4-5
transformer coils 6-31
transistor 3-4, 6-36
Twinax interface 1-3
twisted pair 1-15, 2-2
Type B 1-34, 2-1, 2-2
U
U.K. 1-21
unidirectional printing 1-12
unlimited retries 2-3, 2-4, 3-8
upper housing assembly 4-8
V
ventilation 2-1
vertical
lines 5-3
tab 1-26
vibration 1-11, 2-1
Epson FX-8700170
Index-13
Index
voltage 1-19, 1-24, 3-1, 3-5, 3-6
change 6-2
detector 6-19
drop protection circuit 6-20
error 1-19, 1-27, 3-5
input 6-19
monitor circuit 6-26
output 6-19
overload protection circuit 6-20
range 1-11
supply 6-19
volts 3-1
Vref circuit 6-26
W
wall switches 2-1
WARNING 4-1, 4-4, 4-24, 3-1
washers 4-3
waveform 6-31, 6-32, 6-33, 6-34, 6-37
weight 1-6, 1-7, 1-8, 2-1, 6-4
width 1-6, 1-7, 1-9
wire 6-1
resetting spring 6-2
wires 1-3
word length 3-8
X
XON/XOFF 3-8
Z
Zero face 1-20
Index-14
Epson FX-870/1170
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