Esq | Esperanza 606301 | Spine implant with a defelction rod system anchored to a bone

US008048121B2
(12) United States Patent
(10) Patent N0.:
(45) Date of Patent:
Mitchell et al.
(54)
SPINE IMPLANT WITH A DEFELCTION ROD
SYSTEM ANCHORED TO A BONE ANCHOR
AND METHOD
U.S.Cl. ..................................................... .. 606/254
(58)
Field of Classi?cation Search ................ .. 606/279,
606/257, 255, 263, 276, 254, 264, 246, 278,
606/301, 305; 411/400, 401; 403/76, 77
See application ?le for complete search history.
(56)
Piedmont, CA (US); H. Adam R. Klyce,
Berkeley, CA (US)
(73) Assignee: Spartek Medical, Inc., Alameda, CA
(Us)
Notice:
4,041,939 A
8/1977
4,065,817 A
1/1978 Branemark et al.
.. 3/1.91
4,347,845 A
9/1982 May?eld
128/303
4,369,770 A
1/1983 Bacal et al.
4,382,438
5/1983
A
Hall .............................. .. 128/69
Jacobs
.. ... ... ...
4,409,968 A
10/1983 Drummond
4,411,259 A
10/1983
128/69
. . . ..
128/69
128/69
Drummond ................... .. 128/69
(Continued)
Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
U.S.C. 154(b) by 651 days.
References Cited
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
Oakland, CA (US); Henry A. Klyce,
(*)
*Nov. 1, 2011
(52)
(75) Inventors: Steven T. Mitchell, Concord, CA (US);
Charles J. Winslow, Walnut Creek, CA
(US); John J. Flynn, Walnut Creek, CA
(US); James F. Zucherman, San
Francisco, CA (US); Ken Y. Hsu, San
Francisco, CA (US); Donald L. Cain,
US 8,048,121 B2
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
DE
This patent is subject to a terminal dis
claimer.
2649042 Bl
10/1976
(Continued)
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
(21) Appl.No.: 12/130,032
International Search Report for PCT/US/08/65443 dated Sep. 16,
(22) Filed:
May 30, 2008
(65)
2008, 4 pages.
US 2008/0306540 A1
Dec. 11, 2008
Related U.S. Application Data
(60) Provisional application No. 61/057,340, ?led on May
(51)
(Continued)
Prior Publication Data
Primary Examiner * Pedro Philogene
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm * Fliesler Meyer LLP
30, 2008, provisional application No. 60/942,162,
(57)
?led on Jun. 5, 2007, provisional application No.
61/028,792, ?led on Feb. 14, 2008, provisional
application No. 61/031,598, ?led on Feb. 26, 2008.
A dynamic stabilization, motion preservation spinal implant
Int. Cl.
A61B 17/70
A61B 1 7/04
(2006.01)
(2006.01)
ABSTRACT
system includes a de?ection rod system implant. The system
is modular so that various constructs and con?gurations can
be created and customized to a patient.
20 Claims, 31 Drawing Sheets
US 8,048,121 B2
Page2
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS
4,422,451
4,479,491 A
5,540,688 A
12/1983
10/1984 Kalarnchi
Martin
..................... .. 128/92
128/69
5’562’737 A
10/1996 Lm
10/1996 Mathews
4,567,885 A
2/1986 AndrOPhY
128/92
5569248 A
4,573,454 A
4,604,995 A
3/1986 Hoffman
8/1986 Stephens et a1.
128/69
128/69
5,609,592 A
5’609’593 A
4611580
9/1986
128/69
5
5
A
Wu
........... ..
7/1996 Navas ........................... .. 606/61
’
’
" 623/17
606/61
3/1997 Brrrrn?eldet'al' """""""" " 606/61
3/1997 Enico etal
'
" 606/61
5,611,800 A
3/1997
-
Dav1s eta1.
'
"
.. 606/61
4,611,581 A
2525522; A
9;1986 Stegee
2132? ggtreiw
128?
52/23
5,624,441 A
5,628,740 A
4/1997 Shernran eta1.
5/1997 Mn11ane ..... ..
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
4,653,481
4,648,388 A
3/1987 Hewlandet
Steffee ...... ..a1.
128/69
5’645’599 A
7/1997 E233‘;
Samani
" 623m
4,653,489 A
3/1987
128/92
5,651,789 A
7/1997
8/1997 HOV/land‘ ttttttttttttttttt " 606/61
TIOnZO ~~~~~~ ~~
Cotrel
""""""""""""" " 606/61
4,655,199 A
4/1987 Steffee ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 128/69
5,653,708 A
4,658,809 A
4/1987 Ulrich etal ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 128/92
536533234 A
8/1997 Sebastian et'a'ii'
I: 606/61
21,23,532 A
$32; gtegee
Egg?
5,667,506 A
9/1997 sutterlin ....... ..
.. 606/61
4,763,644 A
457735402 A
M988 vgbge ~
9/l988 Asher
08/69
08/69
5,667,507 A
5,669,910 A
9/1997 Corin eta1.
9/1997 K0rh_0nen etal.
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
3%; Q4?“ """"
" 2832}
4,805,602 A
2/1989 Puno eta1.
128/69
A
4,815,453 A
3/1989 (301161 ....... ..
128/69
5,676,665 A
10/1997 Ble ermanne a‘
" 606/61
606/61
5’676’703 A
10/1997 Gg??rcr """"" "
" 623717
4/1990 Luque ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 128/69
5,681,311 A
10/1997 Foleyetal.
.. 606/61
5,681,319 A
10/1997 Biedermann et al.
4,887,595 A
4,913,134 A
12/1989 Heinig etal.
A
95:11 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~
606/104
4955855 A
94990 Meyers
556/55
5233535?
1513?? 51251158671‘ "" "
4987 892 A
550055562 A
5
5
1/1991
M991
Krag eta1.
Com "" A‘
606/61
128,69
’
’
5,683,393 A
5,688,272 A
11/1997
11/1997
5,024,213 A
5,030,220 A
550425982 A
6/1991 Asheretal
7/1991 Howland
8/1991 Han?“ et a1
128/69
606/61
606/61
5,688,273 A
5,690,629 A
5,690,632 A
11/1997 Errico eta1.
11/1997 Asher et a1.
11/1997 Schwartz eta1.
5,690,633 A
11/1997 Taylor eta1.
.. 606/73
606/54
2523358; A
5%;
" 2822
A
5,074,864 A
AS32155 =11 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~
12/1991 Cozad etal.
p e a‘
Ralph ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ -~
Montague eta1.
" 2832}
"
~- 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/73
""""" "
5,084,049 A
1/1992 Asher et a1. .
606/61
5,700,292 A
12/1997 Mzrlnlgizrs """"""""""" " 623/17
5,092,866
5,102,412
5,112,332
5,113,685
3/1992
4/1992
5/1992
5/1992
Breard et a1.
Rogozinski .
Cozadetal.
Asher et a1. .
606/61
606/61
606/61
72/458
5’702’392
5’702’394
5’702’395
5’702’396
12/1997 Wu E1131 """"""""""" " 606/61
12997 Henry et'a'1'""
" 606/61
12997 Hopf
" 606/61
5127912 A
7/1992
Rayetal.
5,129,388 A
7/1992 Vignaud eta1.
606/61
7/1992 Asher et a1~ ~
606/61
5,713,900 A
2/1998 Benzel et a1.
2822}
5,713,904 A
2/1998 Errico eta1. .................. .. 606/73
2/1998 Jackson et a1. ................ .. 606/61
’
A
A
A
A
606/61
’
5,129,900 A
A
13133; 89293613
’
A
A
A
A
12/1997 Hoeni"gt",','l"'
’
-
" 606/69
g
"
"
5’702’399 A
12/1997 Kllpela etal' "
" 606m
5,702,452 A
12/1997
.. 623/17
Argenson et a1.
.. 606/61
5,176,680 A
M993 VFZI‘IIAUZIAA1~~~
606/61
5,716,355 A
551805393 A
M993 cogmmarmona """""""" " 623/l3
5,716,356 A
2/1998 B1ederrnanr1eta1~
~~ 606/61
551905543 A
M993 schlépfer """"""""" "1:: 606“
5,716,357 A
2/1998 ROgOZIIISkI
~~ 606/61
5201734 A
5207678 A
4/1993 Cozad eta1.
5/1993 Harms et a1.
5’716’358 A
5716359 A
2/ 1998 o-c-hoa et a1‘ '
M998 011m et a1‘ '
" 606/62
" 606/76
606/61
5,720,751 A
2/1998
60651
5,725,528 A
3/1998 Ernco eta1. .
.. 606/61
5,725,582 A
3/1998
Bevan eta1.
.. 623/17
5,728,098 A
3/1998
Shernran eta1.
.. 606/61
552615911 A
“H993
5,261,912 A
“A993 F_
5
,
Carl AAAAAAA A‘
606/62
606/61
ngg
5,261,913 A
5,281,222 A
A
Jackson ..... ..
11/1993 Mamay ~~~~~ ~~
606/61
1/ 1994 Allard ‘ital
@654
5,733,286 A
3/1998 Errico eta1.
.. 606/61
Z133: E1339“ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 29%;
5,735,851 A
4/1998 Errico etal. .
.. 606/61
" 2822}
5,290,289 A
3/1994 Sanders et a1. .
606/61
g’gjg’ggé‘ A
$333
5,312,402 A
5/1994 sehlapferetal.
606/53
5’743’911 A
49% Cotrel
5312 404 A
5/1994
606/61
5
5
/
g?jg‘jgi A
~~ 606/86
/
3133:
’
if‘ '
’
' """""""""" " 606/61
"""""""""""""" "
5,752,957 A
5/1998 Ralph eta1.
282/2}
5,766,254 A
6/1998 Gelbard ..... ..
.. 606/61
.. 623/17
A
$332 ?jiljgftal'
" 2822}
5,360,429 A
11/1994 Jeanson eta1. .
606/61
5,360,431 A
11/1994 Puno eta1~ ~~
606/72
5785711 A
7/1998 Errico et'a1'
" 606/61
1/1995 Lahille et a1. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 606/61
5,797,911 A
g/199g Sherman et'alw
" 606/61
5,380,325 A
5,380,326
A
1/1995
Lin
............................... ..
606/61
’
’
-
'
"
5,382,248
A
5385 583 A
1/1995
Jacobson eta1.
1/1995 Cotrel .......... ..
606/60
623/17
g’gfg’gg
A
’
’
31332 Em
etj'
r-nco et
553875213
5415661
5,429,639
554375672
A
A
A
A
21995
“995
M995
8/l995
606/6l
606/69
@661
1/1999 Rlchelsoph ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~ 606/61
3/1999 Shernran eta1.
.. 606/61
3/1999 Shernran eta1.
.. 606/61
Alnsy?é' """""""""""""" "
5,863,293
5,879,350
5,885,286
5,891,145
5,443,467 A
8/1995
Biederrnann eta1. ......... .. 606/65
55899904 A
5/1999
Breardetal'
Holmes
J At
A
A
A
A
" 606;“
""""""""" " 606 61
4/1999 Morrison et a1. ............. .. 606/61
Emco etal' """"""""" " 606/61
5,466,237 A
11/1995 Byrd, 111 et a1.
606/61
RE365221 E
6/1999 Bream et a1‘
" 606/61
5,474,555 A
5,487,742 A
12/1995 Puno eta1, ..
M996 Cotrel ‘‘‘‘ ‘A
606/73
606/61
559105142 A
5,925,047 A
6/1999
7/1999
" 606/61
.. 606/65
Tat?“ """"" "
Errree eta1. .
5,496,321 A
5,498,264 A
5,520,689 A
3/1996 Puno etal,
3/1996 Schlapfer et a1. ..
5/1996 sehlapfer et a1. ..
606/61
606/72
606/61
5,928,231 A
5,928,232 A
5,928,233 A
7/1999 K1e1n eta1.
7/1999 Howland etal
7/1999 Apfelbaum eta1~
5,534,001 A
5,536,268 A
7/1996 Schlapfer eta1. ..
606/61
7/1996 Griss ............................. .. 606/61
5,947,965 A
5,947,969 A
9/1999
9/1999
.. 606/60
~~ 606/61
~~ 606/61
Bryan ~~~~~~~~~~~ ~
~ 606/61
Errico eta1. .................. .. 606/61
US 8,048,121 B2
Page 3
5,954,725 A
6,579,290 B1
6/2003
5,961,517 A
10/1999 Biedermann et al.
9/1999
Sherman et al. .............. .. 606/78
606/61
6,585,737 B1
7/2003 Baccelliet a1. .
5,964,760 A
5,980,521 A
10/1999 Richelsoph ...... ..
606/61
11/1999 Montague et a1. ............ .. 606/61
6,616,669 B2
6,623,485 B2
9/2003
9/2003
Ogilvie et al. ..
.. 606/61
Doubler et a1. ............... .. 606/61
9/2003
Schmielet a1. ............... .. 606/61
5,980,523 A
11/1999
5,984,922 A
5,989,251 A
11/1999 McKay
11/1999 Nichols
Jackson ........................ .. 606/61
606/61
606/61
5,989,254 A
11/1999
6,001,098 A
12/1999 MetZ-Stavenhagen et al. 606/61
Katz ............................. .. 606/73
6,004,322 A
12/1999 Bernstein ...................... .. 606/61
6,626,905 B1
Hardcastle et al. ........... .. 606/61
.. 606/61
6,626,908 B2
6,645,207 B2
9/2003 Cooper et a1. ..
11/2003 Dixon et al. .
6,652,526 B1
11/2003
Ara?les ..... ..
.. 606/61
6,656,181 B2
12/2003 Dixon et al. .
.. 606/69
6,660,004 B2
12/2003
6,010,503 A
1/2000 Richelsoph et al.
606/61
6,660,005 B2
12/2003 Toyama et a1. .
6,015,409 A
6,036,693 A
6,050,997 A
1/2000 Jackson ....... ..
3/2000 Yuan et al. .................... ..
4/2000 Mullane ........................ ..
4/2000 Sherman et al.
5/2000 Errico et al. ..... ..
606/61
606/61
606/61
6,695,845 B2
6,706,045 B2
6,709,434 B1
2/2004
3/2004
3/2004
Dixon et al. .
.. 606/70
Lin et al. ....................... .. 606/61
Gournay et al. .............. .. 606/61
606/61
606/61
606/61
6,716,213 B2
6,716,214 B1
6,726,689 B2
4/2004
4/2004
4/2004
Shitoto ...... ..
Jackson
Jackson ........ ..
8/2000 Stoltenberg et a1.
606/61
606/61
606/61
5/2004 Biedermann et al. ......... .. 606/73
5/2004 Richelsoph
6/2004 Teitelbaum et al. .......... .. 606/61
9/2000 Drummond et al.
9/2000 Tatar ............ ..
606/61
606/61
6,736,820
6,740,086
6,749,614
6,752,807
6,053,917 A
6,063,089 A
6,077,262 A
6,086,588
6,090,111
6,096,039
6,113,600
A
A
A
A
6,113,601 A
6/2000 Schlapfer et al.
7/2000 Ameilet al.
7/2000 Nichols ........ ..
B2
B2
B2
Barker et al.
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/73
B2
6,755,829 B1
6/2004 Lin et al. ....... ..
6/2004 Bono et a1.
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
6,127,597 A
10/2000 Beyar etal
623/16
6,755,835 B2
6/2004 Schultheiss et al.
.. 606/73
6,132,430 A
6,132,434 A
10/2000 Wagner ..... ..
10/2000 Sherman et al.
606/61
606/78
6,761,719 B2
6,783,526 B1
7/2004 Justis et a1.
8/2004 Lin et al. .... ..
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
6,136,000 A
6,146,383 A
10/2000 Louis et a1.
11/2000 Studer et a1.
606/61
606/61
6,783,527 B2
6,786,907 B2
8/2004 Drewry et al.
9/2004 Lange
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
606/61
606/61
6,793,656 B1
6,805,695 B2
9/2004
10/2004
Mathews .
Keith et a1.
.. 606/61
.... .. 606/61
6,171,311 B1
6,193,720 B1
1/2001
2/2001
Richelsoph .
Yuan et al. ..
6,197,028 B1
3/2001 Ray et al.
606/61
6,805,714 B2
10/2004 Sutcliffe ..
. 623/17.11
6,210,413 B1
6,217,578 B1
4/2001
4/2001
606/61
606/61
6,811,567 B2
6,832,999 B2
11/2004 Reiley ........ ..
12/2004 Ueyama et al. .
623/17.11
.... .. 606/61
Justis et a1. .
CroZet et al.
6,248,106 B1
6/2001
Ferree .... ..
606/61
6,840,940 B2
1/2005
Ralph et al. ..
6,254,602
B1
7/2001
Justis
606/61
6,843,791
B2
1/2005
Serhan
6,261,287 B1
6,273,888 B1
7/2001
8/2001
MetZ-Stavenhagen ....... .. 606/61
Justis ............................ .. 606/61
6,852,128 B2
6,858,030 B2
2/2005
2/2005
Lange ...................... .. 623/17.11
Martin et al. ................. .. 606/61
B1
B1
B1
B1
B1
8/2001
8/2001
9/2001
9/2001
10/2001
Papas
623/17.11
Gu et al.
606/61
Sherman et al.
606/78
Justis et a1. ................... .. 606/61
Lin et al.
6,869,433
6,875,211
6,881,215
6,883,520
6,887,242
3/2005
4/2005
4/2005
4/2005
5/2005
Glascott ..... ..
Nichols et al. ..
Assakeretal. .
Lambrecht
Doubler et a1. .
.. 606/73
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
128/898
.. 606/61
6,302,888 B1
10/2001
Mellinger et al. ............ .. 606/73
6,309,391 B1
10/2001 Crandalletal.
6,325,802 B1
6,328,740 B1
12/2001
12/2001
6,273,914
6,280,443
6,287,311
6,293,949
6,302,882
6,344,057 B1
6,355,040 B1
6,379,354 B1
............... ..
B2
B2
B2
B2
B2
.....
.. 606/61
. . . . ..
606/61
6,899,714 B2
5/2005
Vaughan ........... ..
.. 606/61
606/61
6,918,911 B2
7/2005 Biedermann etal.
.. 606/61
Frigg ............................ .. 606/61
Richelsoph ................... .. 606/61
6,932,817 B2
6,945,974 B2
8/2005
9/2005
2/2002 Rabbe et a1.
3/2002 Richelsoph et al.
4/2002 RogoZinski
623/17
606/61
606/61
6,951,561 B2
6,964,666 B2
6,966,910 B2
Baynham et al. ............. .. 606/61
Dalton .......................... .. 606/70
10/2005 Warren et a1.
11/2005 Jackson
11/2005 Ritland
.. 606/73
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
6,402,749 B1
6/2002 Ashman .... ..
606/61
6,986,771 B2
1/2006
Paul et al.
.. 606/61
6,402,751 B1
6/2002
Hoeck et a1. .................. .. 606/61
6,991,632 B2
1/2006
Ritland ...... ..
.. 606/61
6,402,752 B2
6,413,257 B1
6/2002
7/2002
Schaf?er-Wachter et al. . 606/61
Lin et al. ....................... .. 606/61
7,008,423 B2
7,011,685 B2
3/2006
3/2006
Assaker et al. .
Arnin et al. ....... ..
6,416,515 B1
7/2002 Wagner
606/61
7,018,378 B2
3/2006 Biedermann et al. ..
6,423,064 B1
7/2002
606/61
7,018,379 B2
3/2006
6,440,169 B1
8/2002 Elberg et al.
623/17.16
7,022,122 B2
4/2006 Amrein et al.
.. 606/61
6,451,021 B1
9/2002 Ralph et al.
606/61
7,029,475 B2
4/2006 Panjabi ......... ..
.. 606/61
9/2002 Sherman et al. .............. .. 606/78
10/2002 Ray ............................... .. 606/61
7,048,736 B2
7,051,451 B2
5/2006
5/2006
Robinson et al. ............. .. 606/61
Augostino et al. ............ .. 33/512
6,454,773 B1
6,458,131 B1
Kluger ...... ..
Drewry ............. ..
.... .. 606/61
.. 606/61
6,458,132 B2
10/2002
Choi
606/61
7,060,066 B2
6/2006
Zhao et al.
6,468,276 B1
10/2002
McKay ........ ..
606/61
7,074,237 B2
7/2006
Goble et al. .
. 623/17.11
10/2002
Biedermann et al.
Bono et a1. . . . . . .
. . . . .. 606/61
6,471,705
B1
......
.... .. 606/61
. 623/17.16
606/61
7,081,117 B2
7/2006
6,478,797 B1
6,482,207 B1
6,485,491 B1
11/2002 Paul ............. ..
11/2002 Errico .... ..
11/2002 Farris et al. .
606/61
606/61
606/61
7,083,621 B2
7,083,622 B2
7,087,056 B2
8/2006 Shaolian et al.
8/2006 Simonson
8/2006 Vaughan ........... ..
6,488,681 B2
12/2002 Martin et al.
606/61
7,087,057 B2
8/2006 Konieczynski et al.
Taylor et al. .................. .. 606/61
Ray .......................... .. 623/17.11
7,087,084 B2
7,090,698 B2
8/2006
8/2006
6,520,962 B1
6,520,990 B1
2/2003
2/2003
. . . . .. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.. 606/61
.... .. 606/73
Reiley ...................... .. 623/17.11
Goble et al. ............. .. 623/17.11
6,537,276 B2
3/2003 MetZ-Stavenhagen
606/61
7,101,398 B2
9/2006 Dooris et al.
. 623/13.11
6,540,748
B2
4/2003
Lombardo
606/61
7,104,992
B2
9/2006
. . . . ..
6,540,749 B2
6,547,789 B1
6,554,832 B2
4/2003
4/2003
4/2003
Schafer et al. ................ .. 606/61
Ventre et a1. .................. .. 606/61
ShluZas ..... ..
606/61
7,107,091 B2
7,125,410 B2
7,125,426 B2
9/2006
10/2006
10/2006
6,554,834 B1
6,565,565 B1
4/2003 CroZet et al.
5/2003 Yuan et al. ..
6,565,566 B1
6,565,567 B1
5/2003
5/2003
....... ..
Wagner et al.
Haider ...... ..
606/65
606/61
7,214,227 B2
7,250,052 B2
.. 606/61
606/61
7,282,064 B2
7,294,129 B2
10/2007
11/2007
Bailey . . . . . . . . . .
606/61
Jutras et al. ................. .. 600/429
Freudiger ..................... .. 606/61
Moumene et al.
. 623/23.42
5/2007 Colleran et al.
7/2007 Landry etal
Chin ............. ..
Hawkins et al.
.... .. 606/61
.... .. 606/61
. 623/17.15
.... .. 606/61
6,565,605 B2
5/2003 Goble et al.
. 623/17.11
7,306,603 B2
12/2007 Boehm, Jr. et al. .
.. 606/61
6,572,617
B1
6/2003
Senegas
. . . . ..
7,306,606
B2
12/2007
..
6,572,653 B1
6/2003
Simonson ................ .. 623/17.13
7,326,210 B2
2/2008
......
606/61
Sasing
.......... ..
606/61
Jahng et al. ................... .. 606/61
US 8,048,121 B2
Page 4
7,335,201 B2
2/2008 Doubler et al. ............... .. 606/61
2005/0228382 A1
7,713,288 B2 *
5/2010
. 606/257
2005/0228385 A1
10/2005
5/2010 Biedermann et al.
. 606/257
10/2010 Abdelgany et al. ......... .. 606/267
12/2010 Colleran et al. ............ .. 606/279
2005/0234451 A1
2005/0234454 A1
2005/0234557 A1
10/2005 MarkWorth
10/2005 Chin
10/2005 Lambrecht et al.
1/2002
2/2002
6/2002
6/2002
8/2002
10/2002
11/2002
1/2003
4/2003
4/2003
5/2003
7/2003
9/2003
1/2004
2/2004
2/2004
5/2004
5/2004
6/2004
6/2004
6/2004
7/2004
7/2004
7/2004
7/2004
8/2004
8/2004
8/2004
8/2004
9/2004
9/2004
10/2004
11/2004
11/2004
11/2004
11/2004
2/2005
3/2005
3/2005
3/2005
3/2005
4/2005
4/2005
4/2005
5/2005
5/2005
5/2005
5/2005
5/2005
6/2005
6/2005
6/2005
6/2005
6/2005
6/2005
6/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
8/2005
9/2005
9/2005
9/2005
9/2005
9/2005
9/2005
10/2005
10/2005
2005/0240180
2005/0240265
2005/0240266
2005/0261770
2005/0267470
2005/0267472
2005/0277922
2005/0277925
2005/0277927
2005/0277928
2005/0288670
2005/0288671
2006/0004357
2006/0025771
2006/0030839
2006/0036242
2006/0036324
2006/0052783
2006/0052784
2006/0052786
2006/0058787
2006/0058788
2006/0058790
2006/0064090
2006/0064091
2006/0069391
2006/0074419
2006/0079894
2006/0079896
2006/0084978
2006/0084980
2006/0084982
2006/0084983
2006/0084984
2006/0084985
2006/0084987
2006/0084988
2006/0084989
2006/0084990
2006/0084993
2006/0084995
2006/0085069
2006/0085070
2006/0089643
2006/0089644
2006/0095035
2006/0095038
2006/0100621
2006/0100622
2006/0106380
2006/0106383
2006/0111712
2006/0111715
2006/0116676
2006/0122597
2006/0122599
2006/0122620
2006/0129147
2006/0129148
2006/0129149
2006/0142761
2006/0149231
2006/0149232
2006/0149234
2006/0149237
2006/0149238
2006/0149240
2006/0149242
2006/0149244
2006/0149380
2006/0155277
2006/0155278
2006/0161153
2006/0173456
10/2005
10/2005
10/2005
11/2005
12/2005
12/2005
12/2005
12/2005
12/2005
12/2005
12/2005
12/2005
1/2006
2/2006
2/2006
2/2006
2/2006
3/2006
3/2006
3/2006
3/2006
3/2006
3/2006
3/2006
3/2006
3/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
4/2006
5/2006
5/2006
5/2006
5/2006
5/2006
5/2006
5/2006
5/2006
6/2006
6/2006
6/2006
6/2006
6/2006
6/2006
6/2006
6/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
7/2006
8/2006
7,722,649 B2 *
7,819,902 B2 *
7,854,752 B2 *
2002/0013586
2002/0026192
2002/0068975
2002/0082603
2002/0120271
2002/0143329
2002/0169450
2003/0004511
2003/0073996
2003/0073997
2003/0083657
2003/0125742
2003/0171749
2004/0015166
2004/0030337
2004/0039384
2004/0097925
2004/0097933
2004/0111088
2004/0116929
2004/0122425
2004/0138662
2004/0143264
2004/0143265
2004/0147928
2004/0153077
2004/0158245
2004/0158247
2004/0162560
2004/0172022
2004/0172024
2004/0215192
2004/0225289
2004/0230192
2004/0236327
2004/0236330
2005/0033441
2005/0049589
2005/0065515
2005/0070899
2005/0070901
2005/0080415
2005/0085813
2005/0090822
2005/0096652
2005/0096659
2005/0107788
2005/0113927
2005/0113929
2005/0119658
2005/0124991
2005/0131404
2005/0131405
2005/0131406
2005/0143737
2005/0143823
2005/0171537
2005/0171543
2005/0177156
2005/0177157
2005/0177164
2005/0177166
2005/0182400
2005/0182401
2005/0182409
2005/0187548
2005/0192569
2005/0192571
2005/0192572
2005/0203514
2005/0203517
2005/0203518
2005/0222570
2005/0228375
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
Timm et al. ...... ..
Justis et al.
Schmiel et al.
Teitelbaum et al.
Dixon et al.
Dixon et al.
Serhan et al.
Lange
Ferree
Doubler et al.
Doubler et al.
DreWry et al.
Yuan et al.
Le Couedic et al.
Gorek
Alleyne et al.
Boehm, Jr. et al.
Boehm, Jr. et al.
Lourdel et al.
Picetti et al.
Barker et al.
Suzuki et al.
Landry et al.
McAfee
Landry et al.
Landry et al.
Biedermann et al.
Chin
Sitiso et al.
Raynor et al.
Landry et al.
Gorek
Justis et a1.
Biedermann et al.
Graf
Paul et al.
Purcell et al.
Lambrecht et al.
Jackson
Jahng
Doubler et al.
David
Keyer et al.
Spitler et al.
DiPoto
Burton
Freudiger
Beaurain et al.
Malek
Cragg et al.
Ralph et al.
Jahng
Mazda et al.
Molz, IV et al.
Reiley et al.
Pafford et al.
Boyd et al.
Mazel et al.
Timm et al.
Timm et al.
Jahng
Walters et al.
Timm et al.
White
Timm et al.
Callahan et al.
Butler et al.
Nichols et al.
Abdelgany
Abdelgany et al.
Jahng et al.
Jahng et al.
Biedermann et al.
Jackson
Mazda et al.
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
10/2005 Richelsoph et al.
Iott et al.
Vienney et al.
Kuiper et al.
Kuiper et al.
Kuiper et al.
McBride
Biedermann et al.
Trieu et al.
MujWid
Guenther et al.
Boschert
Panjabi et al.
Yuan et al.
Lee et al.
Jackson
Park et al.
Nilsson et al.
Sachs et al.
Dant et al.
Dant et al.
Dant et al.
David
Hammer et al.
Carl et al.
Park
Ludwig et al.
Jackson
Taylor et al.
Colleran et al.
KWak et al.
Mokhtar
Melkent et al.
Kim
Kim
Kim
Kim
Kim
Kim
Dickinson et al.
Gournay et al.
Landry et al.
Biedermann et al.
Kim
Kim
MujWid
Felix
Jones et al.
Jackson
Jackson
Jackson
Colleran et al.
Biedermann et al.
Jackson
Jackson
Gradel et al.
Jones et al.
DreWry et al.
Kim
Biedermann et al.
Simmons et al.
Iott et al.
Landry et al.
Bray
Sasing
de Coninck
MarkWorth et al.
Sherman et al.
Jackson
Kraus et al.
Amrein et al.
Lotz et al.
Metz-Stavenhagen
Warnick
HaWkes et al.
HaWkes et al.
US 8,048,121 B2
Page 5
2006/0189983
2006/0195093
2006/0200128
2006/0200130
2006/0200131
2006/0200133
2006/0217716
2006/0229606
2006/0229607
2006/0229613
2006/0229615
2006/0229616
2006/0235385
2006/0235389
2006/0235392
2006/0235393
2006/0241594
2006/0241595
2006/0241599
2006/0241600
2006/0241601
2006/0241603
2006/0241757
2006/0247623
2006/0247624
2006/0247628
2006/0247631
2006/0247636
2006/0247637
2006/0253118
2006/0264935
2006/0264937
2006/0276897
2006/0282073
2006/0282078
2007/0005062
2007/0005063
2007/0016190
2007/0016194
2007/0016201
2007/0032123
2007/0043356
2007/0043358
2007/0049936
2007/0073289
2007/0083200
2007/0088359
2007/0093814
2007/0093820
2007/0093821
2007/0093829
2007/0118122
2007/0123861
2007/0123871
2007/0156143
2007/0161994
2007/0161997
2007/0162007
2007/0167947
2007/0168035
2007/0198014
2007/0213714
2007/0213719
2007/0233068
2007/0233072
2007/0233075
2007/0233090
2007/0233091
2007/0233092
2007/0233093
2007/0233094
2007/0244481
2007/0250061
2007/0270819
2007/0270836
2007/0270837
2007/0270838
2007/0276380
2007/0288009
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
8/2006
8/2006
9/2006
9/2006
9/2006
9/2006
9/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
10/2006
11/2006
11/2006
11/2006
11/2006
11/2006
11/2006
11/2006
11/2006
11/2006
12/2006
12/2006
12/2006
1/2007
1/2007
1/2007
1/2007
1/2007
2/2007
2/2007
2/2007
3/2007
3/2007
4/2007
4/2007
4/2007
4/2007
4/2007
4/2007
5/2007
5/2007
5/2007
7/2007
7/2007
7/2007
7/2007
7/2007
7/2007
8/2007
9/2007
9/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
10/2007
11/2007
11/2007
11/2007
11/2007
11/2007
12/2007
Fallin et al.
Jahng
Mueller
Hawkins et al.
Chao et al.
Jackson
Baker et al.
Clement et al.
Brum?eld
Timm et al.
Abdou
Albert et al.
Whipple
Albert et al.
Hammer et al.
Bono et al.
McCarthy et al.
MOlZ, IV et al.
KoniecZynski et al.
Ensign et al.
Trautwein et al.
Jackson
Anderson
Anderson et al.
Banouskou et al.
Rawlins et al.
Ahn et al.
Yuan et al.
Colleran et al.
Bailey
White
White
Winslow et al.
Simanovsky
Labrom et al.
Lange et al.
Bruneau et al.
Martinez et al.
Shaolian et al.
Freudiger
Timm et al.
Timm et al.
MOlZ, IV et al.
Colleran et al.
Kwak et al.
Gittings et al.
Woods et al.
Callahan, II et al.
Freudiger
Freudiger
Abdou
Butler et al.
2007/0288012 A1
2008/0009864 A1
2008/0021285 A1
2008/0021459 A1
2008/0021461 A1
2008/0033433
2008/0039838
2008/0045951
2008/0045957
2008/0051787
2008/0065073
Gittings
Koske
Graf et al.
Justis
Hudgins et al.
Bruneau et al.
Dickinson et al.
Dawson
Naifeh et al.
Naifeh et al.
Falahee
Falahee
Colleran et al.
Timm
Chin et al.
Justis et al.
Implicito
Landry et al.
Fanger et al.
Landry et al.
Remington et al.
Perriello et al.
3/2008 Dant et al.
3/2008 Bruneau et al.
3/2008 Hawkes et al.
2008/0077139 A1
3/2008 Landry et al.
FOREIGN PATENT DOCUMENTS
DE
EP
EP
EP
EP
FR
FR
FR
GB
GB
GB
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
W0
3639810
0128058
0669109
1281362
1330987
2612070
2615095
2880256
780652
2173104
2382304
87/07134
94/21185
98/27884
01/45576
01/91656
02/07621
02/07622
02/17803
WO
WO
WO
WO
WO
WO
WO
WO
WO 02/39921
WO 02/43603
W0 02/102259
W0 03/007828
W0 03/009737
W0 03/015647
W0 03/037216
W0 03/077806
WO 2004/024011
WO 2004/034916
WO 2006/033503
WO 2006/066685
WO 2006/105935
WO 2007/080317
WO 2008/034130
A1
A1
B1
A2
A1
A1
A1
B1
5/1988
12/1984
8/1995
2/2003
7/2003
9/1988
11/1988
7/2006
8/1957
10/1986
5/2003
12/1987
9/1994
7/1998
6/2001
12/2001
1/2002
1/2002
3/2002
5/2002
6/2002
12/2002
1/2003
2/2003
2/2003
5/2003
9/2003
3/2004
4/2004
3/2006
6/2006
10/2006
7/2007
3/2008
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Jahng
Thramann et al.
Shoham
2/2008
2/2008
2/2008
2/2008
2/2008
3/2008
Colleran et al.
Forton et al.
DrZyZga et al.
Lim
Barker et al.
2008/0065075 A1
2008/0065079 A1
2008/0071273 A1
Dewey et al.
Lancial
Lowery et al.
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
A1
12/2007
1/2008
1/2008
1/2008
1/2008
International Search Report for PCT/US/08/65444 dated Sep. 16,
2008, 4 pages.
“Flexible rods and the case for dynamic stabilization,” Jason M.
Highsmith, M.D., et al.,Neurosurg. Focus, vol. 22, Jan. 2007, pp. 1-5.
“The Spinous Process: The Forgotten Appendage,” Kenneth R. Kat
tan, M. D. eta 1., Skeletal Radiology, vol. 6, 1981, pp. 199-204.
“Morphological and functional changes of the lumbar spinous pro
cesses in the elderly,” R. Scapinelli, Surgical Radiologic Anatomy,
vol. 11, 1989, pp. 129-133.
“The Paraspinal Sacrospinalis-Splitting Approach to the Lumbar
Spine,” Leon L. Wiltse et al., The Journal ofBone & Joint Surgery,
vol. 50-A, No. 5, Jul. 1968 pp. 919-926.
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, D.H. Kim et al., 2006, cover
through p. XiX.
“Historical Review of Spinal Arthroplasty and Dynamic Stabiliza
tions,” K M. Shibata et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine,
Section I, Motion Preservation of the Spine, Chapter 1, 2006, pp.
3-15.
“Current Concepts in Spinal Fusion versus Nonfusion,” D.H. Walker
Bruneau et al.
Eckhardt et al.
Bruneau et al.
et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section I, Motion Pres
ervation ofthe Spine, Chapter 2, 2006, pp. 16-23.
Jahng et al.
“Biomechanical
Brown et al.
Arthroplasty,” D.J. DiAngelo et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the
Aspects
Associated
with
Cervical
Disk
US 8,048,121 B2
Page 6
Spine, Section II, Restoration of Cervical Motion Segment, Chapter
3, 2006, pp. 27-32.
“Biomechanical Testing Protocol for Evaluating Cervical Disk
Arthroplasty,” D.J. DiAngelo et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the
Spine, Section II, Restoration of Cervical Motion Segment, Chapter
4, 2006, pp. 33-41.
“Cervical Disk Arthroplasty: Rationale, Indications, and Clinical
Experience,” M.R. Lim et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine,
Section II, Restoration of Cervical Motion Segment, Chapter 5, 2006,
pp. 42-51.
“Spinal Kinetics Cervical Disc,” D.H. Kim et al., Dynamic Recon
struction of the Spine, Section II, Restoration of Cervical Motion
Segment, Chapter 6, 2006, pp. 52-58.
“Bryan Cervical Disc Device,” R. Hacker, Dynamic Reconstruction
of the Spine, Section II, Restoration of Cervical Motion Segment,
Chapter 7, 2006, pp. 59-66.
“Prestige Cervical Arti?cial Disk,” J .T. Robertson, Dynamic Recon
struction of the Spine, Section II, Restoration of Cervical Motion
Segment, Chapter 8, 2006, pp. 67-71.
“ProDisc-C Cervical Arti?cial Disk” G.K. Jeong et al., Dynamic
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section II, Restoration of Cervical
Motion Segment, Chapter 9, 2006, pp. 72-77.
“PCM (Porous Coated Motion) Arti?cial Cervical Disc,” L Pimenta
“Maverick Total Disc Replacement,” M.F.Gornet, Dynamic Recon
struction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion
Segment, B. Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chapter 24, 2006, pp.
186-195.
“The Mobidisc Prosthesis,” J .P. Steib et al., Dynamic Reconstruction
ofthe Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, B.
Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chapter 25, 2006, pp. 196-203.
“Activ-L Lumbar (Aesculap) Total Disk Arthroplasty,” J .J . Yue et al.,
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, B. Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chap
ter 26, 2006, pp. 204-211.
“The FleXiCore Disk,”A.D. Sharan et al., DynamicReconstruction of
the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, B.
Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chapter 27, 2006, pp. 212-220.
“Management ofVascular and Surgical Approach-Related Compli
cations for Lumbar Total Disk Replacement,” SH. Lee et al.,
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, B. Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chap
ter 28, 2006, pp. 221-226.
“Complications of Lumbar Disk Arthroplasty,” Sh Lee et al.,
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, B. Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chap
ter 29, 2006, pp. 227-233.
et al. , Dynamic Reconstruction ofthe Spine, Section II, Restoration of
“Rationale for Dynamic Stabilization,” D.S. McNally, Dynamic
Cervical Motion Segment, Chapter 10, 2006, pp. 78-85.
“Cervidisc Concept: Six-Year Follow-Up and Introducing Cervidisc
II: DISCOCER ,” A.S. Ramadan et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of
the Spine, Section II, Restoration of Cervical Motion Segment, Chap
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar
ter 11, 2006, pp. 86-91.
“CerviCore Cervical Intervertebral Disk Replacement,” S.S. Lee et
ration of Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabiliza
al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section II, Restoration of
Cervical Motion Segment, Chapter 12, 2006, pp. 92-95.
“Prosthetic Disk Nucleus Partial Disk Replacement: Pathobiological
and Biomechanical Rationale for Design and Function,” C.D. Ray et
Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabilization, Chapter 30,
2006, pp. 237-243.
“Rationale for Dynamic Stabilization IIiSO?FlGX System,” D.K.
Sengupta, Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Resto
tion, Chapter 31, 2006, pp. 244-250.
“The X Stop Interspinous Process Decompression System for the
Treatment of Lumbar Neurogenic Claudication,” R.M. Thunder et
al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabilization, Chap
al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, A. Lumbar Nucleus Replacement, Chapter
13, 2006, pp. 99-104.
ter 32, 2006, pp. 251-257.
“Functional Lumbar Arti?cial Nucleus Replacement: The DASCOR
III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior
Stabilization, Chapter 33, 2006, pp. 258-267.
“Co?ex,” Es Kim et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Sec
tion III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Pos
terior Stabilization, Chapter 34, 2006, pp. 268-273.
DIAM (Device for Intervertebral Assisted Motion) Spinal Stabiliza
tion System, K. Singh et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine,
Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic
Posterior Stabilization, Chapter 35, 2006, pp. 274-283.
“Tension Band System,” Sh Lee et al., Dynamic Reconstruction ofthe
Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, C.
System,” J .E. Sherman et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine,
Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, A. Lumbar
Nucleus Replacement, Chapter 15, 2006, pp. 114-121.
“NeuDisc,” R. Bertagnoli et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the
Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, A. Lum
bar Nucleus Replacement, Chapter 16, 2006, pp. 122-126.
“Pioneer Surgical Technology Nubac Arti?cial Nucleus,” Q. Bao et
al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, A. Lumbar Nucleus Replacement, Chapter
17, 2006, pp. 128-136.
“SINUX (Sinitec),” J. Zoellner, Dynamic Reconstruction of the
Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, A. Lum
bar Nucleus Replacement, Chapter 18, 2006, pp. 137-141.
“Nucore Inj ectable Disk Nucleus,” S.H. Kitchel et al., Dynamic
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar
Motion Segment, A. Lumbar Nucleus Replacement, Chapter 19,
2006, pp. 142-146.
“Biomechanical Considerations for Total Lumbar Disk Replace
ment,” J. LeHuec et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Sec
tion III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, B. Lumbar Total
Disk Replacement, Chapter 20, 2006, pp. 149-153.
“Indications for Total Lumbar Disk Replacement,” R. Bertagnoli,
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, B. Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chap
ter 21, 2006, pp. 154-159.
“Charté Arti?cial Disc,” F.H. Geisler, Dynamic Reconstruction ofthe
Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, B. Lum
bar Total Disk Replacement, Chapter 22, 2006, pp. 160-178.
“ProDisc Lumbar Arti?cial Disk,” J .E.Zigler et al.,Dynamic Recon
struction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion
Segment, B. Lumbar Total Disk Replacement, Chapter 23, 2006, pp.
179-185.
“Dynamic Lumbar Stabilization With the Wallis Interspinous
Implant,” J. Sénégas, Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section
Dynamic Posterior Stabilization, Chapter 36, 2006, pp. 284-291.
“Shape Memory Implant (KIMPF-DI Fixing) System,”Ys Kim et al.,
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabilization, Chap
ter 37, 2006, pp. 292-298.
“Treatment of Mobile Vertebral Instability With Dynesys,” G. Dubois
et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration
of Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabilization,
Chapter 38, 2006, pp. 299-304.
“Graf Soft Stabilization: Graf Ligamentoplasty,” Ys Kim et al.,
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabilization, Chap
ter 39, 2006, pp. 305-311.
“Isobar TTL Dynamic Instrumentation,” A.E. Castellvi et al.,
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of
Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabilization, Chap
ter 40, 2006, pp. 312-322.
“Minimally Invasive Posterior Dynamic Stabilization System,” L.
Pimenta et al., Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III,
Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Sta
bilization, Chapter 41, 2006, pp. 323-329.
“Nonfusion Stabilization of the Degenerated Lumbar Spine With
Cosmic,” A. von Strempel, Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine,
US 8,048,121 B2
Page 7
Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion Segment, C. Dynamic
Posterior Stabilization, Chapter 42, 2006, pp. 330-339.
“BioFleX Spring Rod Pedicle Screw System,”Ys Kim et al., Dynamic
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar
Motion Segment, C. Dynamic Posterior Stabilization, Chapter 43,
2006, pp. 340-344.
“Facet Replacement Technologies,” M.R. Lim et al., Dynamic
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar
Motion Segment, D. Facet Replacement, Chapter 44, 2006, pp. 347
353.
“TOPS-Total Posterior Facet Replacement and Dynamic Motion
Segment Stabilization System,” L.T. Khoo et al., Dynamic Recon
struction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar Motion
Segment, D. Facet Replacement, Chapter 45, 2006, pp. 354-363.
“Indications and Techniques in Annuloplasty,” M.Y. Wang, Dynamic
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar
Motion Segment, E. Annular Repair, Chapter 47, 2006, pp. 375-379.
“Molecular Therapy of the Intervertebral Disk,” S.T. Yoon, Dynamic
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section IV, Future Biological
Approaches to Disk Repair, Chapter 48, 2006, pp. 383-388.
Dynamic Reconstruction of the Spine, D.H. Kim et al., 2006, Index,
pp. 389-402.
International Search Report for PCT/US07/7098l dated Apr. 23,
2008, 7 pages.
International Search Report for PCT/US/08/65434 dated Oct. 9,
2008, 4 pages.
“Total Facet Arthroplasty System (TFAS),” S. Webb, Dynamic
International Search Report for PCT/US/08/65435 dated Sep. 2,
Reconstruction of the Spine, Section III, Restoration of Lumbar
Motion Segment, D. Facet Replacement, Chapter 46, 2006, pp. 364
2008, 4 pages.
371.
* cited by examiner
US. Patent
NOV. 1, 2011
US 8,048,121 B2
Sheet 1 0f 31
100
120
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 2 0131
FIG. 2
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 3 0131
US 8,048,121 B2
364
364
10
FIG. 3A
102
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 4 0131
FIG. 3B
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 5 0131
FIG. 4
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 6 0131
FIG. 5
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 7 0131
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 8 0131
‘V74
US 8,048,121 B2
716
702
714
'
742
71 8
752
/
720
730
744
732
704
772
B
734
752
106
702
756
FIG. 7B
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 9 0131
US 8,048,121 B2
700
720
710
FIG. 7C
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 10 0131
FIG. 8
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 11 0131
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 12 0131
US 8,048,121 B2
US. Patent
Nov. 1, 2011
Sheet 13 0131
US 8,048,121 B2
Download PDF