Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices PDF

Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices PDF
Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
Contents
MEMS Inertial Sensors............................................... 3
MEMS Microphones................................................... 4
Photocurrent-to-Voltage Amplifiers............................ 5
Impedance Converter System................................... 6
Capacitive-to-Digital Controllers................................. 7
Low Power, High Performance
Analog Interface......................................................... 8
Amplifiers.............................................................. 8
Data Converters..................................................... 9
Traditional high performance vital sign monitoring devices and blood analysis
instruments currently found in hospitals and clinical laboratories are being redesigned
for point-of-care (POC) home use. This market trend is driven by the need to lower the
overall cost of healthcare while improving patient diagnosis, care, and comfort.
High performance point-of-care healthcare devices must be designed to address
a number of the same requirements as their hospital or clinical counterparts, such as
safety from electrical shock, fail-safe features for reliable operation, and user-friendly
human interfaces. These devices have additional requirements that impact design,
including low power consumption, smaller form factors, measurement sensitivities due
to environmental conditions, industry-standard wired or wireless communication, and
lower overall system cost.
Voltage References.............................................. 10
Small, Highly Accurate
Temperature Sensing.............................................. 10
Analog Microcontrollers and
Digital Signal Processors......................................... 11
Wireless Transfer of Data......................................... 12
iCoupler Digital Isolator Technology......................... 13
Power Management................................................. 14
www.analog.com/healthcare
Portable Home Healthcare Device Functional Block Diagram
LCD DISPLAY
CAPACITIVE
SENSORS
CAPACITIVE
TO DIGITAL
RESISTIVE
TO DIGITAL
LCD
BACKLIGHTING
ANALOG INTERFACE
(RECEIVE AND TRANSMIT)
USB D+
SENSORS
ACCELEROMETERS
(ANALOG OUTPUT)
ISOLATION USB D−
ADC
AMP
USB 5V
PHOTODIODES
ELECTRODES
PRECISION
REFERENCE
LED ARRAYS
DAC
PROCESSOR
WIRELESS
COMMUNICATION
AMP
IMPEDENCE
TO DIGITAL
ACCELEROMETERS
(DIGITAL OUTPUT)
MEMS
MICROPHONE
POWER
MANAGEMENT
TEMPERATURE
SENSING
Analog Devices offers the following technologies to meet the requirements and challenges of high performance portable home healthcare devices,
including vital sign monitors, such as heart rate monitors, eldercare activity monitors, and pedometers; blood analysis/glucose meters; hearing aids;
and drug/insulin delivery systems.
• MEMS inertial sensors for motion detection and measurement
• Photocurrent-to-voltage precision amplifiers for photodetection measurement
• High precision impedance-to-digital system for blood coagulation and fluid analysis
• Capacitive sensing for hermetically sealed user interfaces and body worn sensor contact
• Low power, high performance components that interface to electrodes, optical sensors, and inertial sensors
• Low cost, high performance microcontrollers and digital signal processors
• ISM band radio system on a chip (SoC) and transceivers for reliable wireless transfer of data
• iCoupler® isolation technology for safety from hazardous line voltages
• High efficiency power management for battery operated devices
• Small, highly accurate temperature sensors
| Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
2
MEMS Inertial Sensors for Motion Detection and Precise Measurement
MEMS inertial sensors can be used in a diverse variety of portable home healthcare and wellness applications. Eldercare activity monitors, fall detection
monitors for workers at high risk, and pedometers for exercise enthusiasts rely on low-g accelerometers for motion detection, velocity, and positional
measurements. Less obvious applications include device operation functions such as automatic wake-up that is triggered with a quick shake or tap
of the device.
ADI offers the industry’s broadest MEMS-based accelerometer portfolio available in 1-, 2-, and 3-axis configurations, with either analog or digital outputs,
in low-g sensing ranges. The low power digital output devices are highly programmable to support a number of applications.
Pedometers
Full-featured pedometers rely on MEMS inertial sensors and software algorithms to reliably detect true steps under many use cases. For example, a user
may be walking or running up and down a rough terrain or set of stairs. ADI’s MEMS inertial sensors permit more accurate detection of steps and fewer
false positives combined with distance, speed, and calories burned. By taking advantage of the low cost, low power, and space requirements of ADI’s
low-g accelerometers, pedometers are being integrated into an increasing number of portable consumer electronic devices—such as MP3 players, mobile
phones, and athletic shoes.
Human Fall Detection
A fall detector based on a 3-axis iMEMS® accelerometer detects changes in motion
and body position of an individual wearing a sensor by tracking acceleration
changes in three orthogonal directions. The data is continuously analyzed algorithmically to determine whether the individual’s body is falling or not. If an individual falls,
the device can employ GPS and a wireless transmitter to determine their location
and issue an alert in order to get assistance. The core element of fall detection is
an effective, reliable detection principle and algorithm to judge the existence of an
emergency fall situation. Low power consumption is critical for the algorithms and
the sensor because the device must be on or “active” at all times.
1024
2
1: WEIGHTLESSNESS
2: IMPACT
3: MOTIONLESS
4: INITIAL STATUS
768
512
VALUE (256/g)
Statistics show that the majority of serious consequences from an unobserved fall
are not the direct result of falling but rather are due to a delay in assistance and
treatment. Post-fall consequences can be greatly reduced if relief personnel can
be alerted in time. This is especially the case for the elderly population, however,
there are many other conditions and activities for which an immediate alert to a
possible fall, especially from substantial height, would be quite helpful—for example,
mountaineers, construction workers, window washers, painters, and roofers.
4
VECTOR SUM
X-AXIS
Y-AXIS
Z-AXIS
1
3
256
0
–256
–512
1
51
101
SAMPLES (50/sec)
151
201
Acceleration change curves during the process of falling.
Advanced Features: Automatic Wake-Up and Power-Down Modes
ADI MEMS-based digital output accelerometers offer advanced functions for system power savings and quality user experience. The accelerometer can be
programmed to automatically wake up the system controller of a device when applying a short rapid shake or two when the device needs to be activated.
The host controller can be configured in shutdown mode while waiting for an interrupt from the accelerometer indicating the device has been shaken.
Also, the accelerometer can be programmed to shut down the system controller based on a defined and configurable time of no activity (lack of motion
or movement).
iMEMS Accelerometers
Part
Number
Number of Axes
g Range
Sensitivity/g
±3
300 mV
Sensitivity Output BW
Accuracy (%) Type (kHz)
Noise
Voltage
Density
Supply (V)
(𝛍g√Hz)
300
1.8 to 3.6
Supply
Current
(𝛍A)
350
Temp
Range
(°C)
–40 to +85
Package
ADXL335
3
±10
Analog
1.6
ADXL345
3
±2/±4/±8/±16 Up to 256 LSB
±10
Digital
1.6
220
2.0 to 3.6
40 to 145
–40 to +85
LFCSP
LGA
ADXL346
3
±2/±4/±8/±16 Up to 256 LSB
±10
Digital
1.6
220
1.7 to 2.75 40 to 145
–40 to +85
LGA
www.analog.com/healthcare | 3
High Quality Audio Acquisition Using MEMS Microphones
High performance, low power MEMS microphone technology is ideal for a variety of portable home healthcare applications, including medical alert
bracelets, blood pressure monitoring devices, and hearing aids—any device requiring high acoustic performance in a small form factor. ADI MEMS
microphones integrate a MEMS sensor and an ASIC, allowing for an increased level of integration in the signal chain. ADI's MEMS microphone portfolio
includes traditional analog output as well as various digital output formats such as the increasingly popular pulse density modulation (PDM) output and
the ubiquitous I2S output.
MEMS technology offers greater reliability and design flexibility over traditional electret condenser microphone (ECM) technology. There is no performance
degradation over time and less sensitivity to mechanical noise. Stability across temperature and after solder reflow enables the designer to place the
microphone or multiple microphones virtually anywhere in a design. MEMS microphones enable functions not previously considered for audio capture due
to size and/or performance. Lower power consumption supports an extended battery life.
ADMP441: Low Power, Digital Output, Omnidirectional Microphone with Bottom Port
The ADMP441 high performance MEMS microphone integrates a MEMS sensor, signal conditioning, an analog-to-digital converter (ADC), antialiasing
filters, power management, and an industry-standard 24-bit I2S interface. This level of integration allows the audio output from the device to feed directly
into any DSP or microcontroller with an I2S port. The ADMP441 offers a flat wideband frequency response resulting in a highly intelligible, natural sound.
A built-in particle filter provides high reliability. The ADMP441 has a high SNR and a high sensitivity, making it an excellent choice for far field applications.
ADMP441 Features
• Digital I2S interface with high precision 24-bit data
ADMP441
• High SNR: 61 dBA
ADC
FILTER
• High sensitivity: –26 dBFS
SCK
I2S
SERIAL
PORT
• Flat frequency response: 100 Hz to 15 kHz
POWER
MANAGEMENT
• Low current consumption: <1.5 mA
HARDWARE
CONTROL
SD
WSI
L/R
CHIPEN
GND
GND
VDD
• Package: 4.72 mm × 3.76 mm × 1.00 mm surface-mount
GND
• High PSRR: 80 dBFS
High Performance MEMS Microphones
Part
Number
Output Type
ADMP401
Analog
62
32
100 Hz to 15 KHz
–42 dBV
LGA
4.72 × 3.76 × 1
ADMP404
Analog
62
32
100 Hz to 15 KHz
–38 dBV
LGA
3.35 × 2.5 × 0.88
ADMP405
Analog
62
32
200 Hz to 15 KHz
–38 dBV
LGA
3.35 × 2.5 × 0.88
ADMP421
Digital (PDM)
61
33
100 Hz to 15 KHz
–26 dBFS
LGA
3×4×1
ADMP441
Digital (I S)
61
33
100 Hz to 15 KHz
–26 dBFS
LGA
4.72 × 3.76 × 1
2
Signal-to-Noise Min Equivalent Input
Ratio, SNR (dB)
Noise, EIN (dB)
| Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
4
Frequency
Response Range
Sensitivity @ Package
1 kHz
Type
Package Size (mm)
Photocurrent-to-Voltage Amplifiers for Photodetection Measurement
Photodetectors are commonly used in point-of-care healthcare devices, including pulse oximeters (SPO2) to measure heart rate and blood oxygen level,
blood glucose test meters, flow cytometers to measure microscopic particles, and body fluid analyzers. An LED or multiple LEDs of selected wavelengths
are generally pulsed through the object (for example, body tissue or fluid) while the photodetector measures the resultant transmissive or reflective
signal that is proportional to the desired measurement. In all cases, the photocurrent from the photodetector is very small. Nanoamp magnitudes are not
uncommon.
A transimpedance amplifier (TIA) with a large value feedback resistor is most often used to convert the photocurrent to a voltage. Since the photocurrent
is very small, it can get buried in noise, and careful attention must be given to system noise sources and operational amplifier selection.
When selecting an op amp for measuring a very small photocurrent in a TIA configuration, choose:
• Very low input bias current to prevent the op amp from bleeding off
the photodetector current signal
C
• Low voltage and current noise to prevent adding additional noise
Rf
PHOTODIODE
• Low offset voltage to prevent dark current from being generated
in the photodetector
ADC
BAND-PASS
FILTER
The op amp voltage supplies will depend on how much dynamic range
is required.
TRANSIMPEDANCE
AMPLIFIER
ADC DRIVER
Typical LED + photodetector system.
Operational Amplifiers for Photocurrent Detection Measurement
Voltage Noise
(nV/√Hz) @ 1 kHz
Current Noise
(fA/√Hz) @
1 kHz
Offset
Voltage
(Vos /mV)
AD8505
45
15
0.5
1
95 kHz
AD8506
45
15
0.5
1
95 kHz
AD8508
45
15
0.5
1
95 kHz
ADA4691
16
N/A
0.5
0.5
3.6 MHz
ADA4528
5.6
0.7
0.3 μV
220
4 MHz
AD8657
60
0.1
0.35
1
200 kHz
AD8641
29
0.5
0.05
1
3.5 MHz
AD8625
17
0.4
0.05
1
5 MHz
AD8626
17
0.4
0.05
1
5 MHz
AD8627
17
0.4
0.05
1
5 MHz
AD8665
10
N/A
0.7
1
4 MHz
AD8666
10
N/A
0.7
1
4 MHz
AD8668
10
N/A
0.7
1
4 MHz
AD8605
AD8606
AD8608
8
8
8
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.08
0.08
0.08
1
1
1
10 MHz
10 MHz
10 MHz
ADA4505-1
65
20
0.5
0.5
50 kHz
ADA4505-2
65
20
0.5
0.5
50 kHz
ADA4505-4
65
20
0.5
0.5
50 kHz
Amplifier
Input Bias
GBWP
Current (pA)
Supply Voltage (V)
Single: 1.8 to 5
Dual: ±0.9 to ±2.5
Single: 1.8 to 5
Dual: ±0.9 to ±2.5
Single: 1.8 to 5
Dual: ±0.9 to ±2.5
Single: 2.7 to 5
Dual:±1.35 to ±2.5
Single: 2.2 to 5
Dual: ±1.10 to ±2.75
Single: 2.7 to 18.0
Dual: ±1.35 to ±9.0
Single: 5 to 26
Dual: ±2.5 to ±13
Single: 5 to 26
Dual: ±2.5 to ±13
Single: 5 to 26
Dual: ±2.5 to ±13
Single: 5 to 26
Dual: ±2.5 to ±13
Single: 5 to 16
Dual:±2.5 to ±8
Single: 5 to 16
Dual:±2.5 to ±8
Single: 5 to 16
Dual:±2.5 to ±8
Single: 2.7 to 5.5
Single: 2.7 to 5.5
Single: 2.7 to 5.5
Single: 1.8 to 5
Dual: ±0.9 to ±2.5
Single: 1.8 to 5
Dual: ±0.9 to ±2.5
Single: 1.8 to 5
Dual: ±0.9 to ±2.5
Supply Current
(Per Channel)
Package
16.5 μA
WLCSP
16.5 μA
MSOP, WLCSP
16.5 μA
TSSOP, WLCSP
180 μA
LFCSP, WCCSP
1.4 mA
MSOP
18 μA
MSOP, LFCSP
195 μA
MSOP, SOIC, LFCSP
630 μA
SOIC, TSSOP
630 μA
SOIC, MSOP
630 μA
SOIC, SC70
1.1 mA
SOT-23, SOIC
1.1 mA
SOIC, MSOP
1.1 mA
TSSOP, SOIC
1.0 mA
1.0 mA
1.0 mA
SOT-23, WLCSP
MSOP, WLCSP
SOIC, TSSOP
10.0 μA
WLCSP, SOT-23
10.0 μA
WLCSP, MSOP
10.0 μA
WLCSP, TSSOP
www.analog.com/healthcare | 5
High Precision Impedance-to-Digital Converter for Blood Coagulation and Fluid Analysis
Blood coagulation is a complex, dynamic physiological process by which clots are formed to end bleeding at an injured site. Blood coagulation in the body
is modulated by a number of cellular and other active components. The coagulation cascade describes the components of blood and how they are
involved in the process of clot formation. As the cascade becomes activated, the blood progresses from a nonclotting to a clotting state, causing changes
in both molecular charge states and effective charge mobility. By monitoring the global impedance of a clotting blood sample, the changes in conductivity
associated with clot formation are measured.
Fully Integrated, Single-Chip Impedance Converter Analyzer
The AD5933 is a high precision impedance converter analyzer that combines an on-board frequency generator with a 12-bit, 1 MSPS, analog-to-digital
converter (ADC). The frequency generator provides an excitation voltage to an external complex impedance at a known frequency. The response signal
(current) is sampled by the on-board ADC, and a discrete Fourier transform (DFT) is processed by an on-board DSP engine. The DFT algorithm returns real
(R) and imaginary (I) data words at each output frequency. The magnitude and relative phase of the impedance at each frequency point along the sweep
can be easily calculated.
MCLK
AVDD
DVDD
SCL
I2C
INTERFACE
DAC
ROUT
TEMPERATURE
SENSOR
VOUT
Z(𝛚)
AD5933
REAL
IMAGINARY
REGISTER REGISTER
RFB
1024-POINT DFT
VIN
ADC
(12 BITS)
CHANGE IN
RESONANCE DUE
TO APPROACHING
OBJECT
V (Volts)
DDS
CORE
(27 BITS)
OSCILLATOR
SDA
RESONANT
FREQUENCY
LPF
fo
f (Hz)
Special plot created by sweeping sample with
different frequencies.
GAIN
VDD/2
AGND
DGND
The AD5933 block diagram illustrates the advanced level of integration contained in its single-chip form factor.
Impedance-to-Digital Converters
AD5933
16.776
12-bit (1 MSPS)
Tuning
Word
Width
27 bits
AD5934
16.776
12-bit (250 kSPS)
27 bits
Part
Master fclk
Number
(MHz)
Resolution
Impedance
Internal
I Supply
I/O Interface Measurement Temperature Total Max Nominal Supply (V)
Package
Range
Sensor (∙C)
(mA)
Serial
15
Single (+5)
16-lead SSOP
1 kΩ to MΩ
±2
Serial
1
Single
(+2.7),
Single
(+5)
16-lead SSOP
1 kΩ to MΩ
—
| Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
6
Capacitive Sensing for Hermetically Sealed User Interfaces and Body Worn Sensor Contact
The human interface must also support a wide range of individuals with varied intellectual and physical capacities including eyesight, manual
dexterity, and hearing. The interface also must offer smart, closed-loop, fail-safe features that will ensure proper, reliable, and safe device operation
under all conditions.
Capacitive sensing is an ideal solution for developing a complete hermetically sealed device that is secure against the entry of water vapor and foreign
bodies in order to maintain proper function levels and reliability under all conditions. Furthermore, a sealed capacitive sensing human interface eliminates
the traditional mechanical buttons that are prone to collecting bacteria or subject to harsh cleaning liquids. Additional benefits of replacing traditional
mechanical buttons with capacitive sensing include eliminating the mechanical buttons from the bill of materials and easier product assembly during
product manufacturing.
It is often beneficial to have information about the quality of contact between the device’s surface area and the skin before the device is activated
or a measurement is taken. The range of devices could include a medical probe that needs to rest flush on the skin, a biopotential electrode sensor,
or the housing holding a catheter tube in place. To achieve this additional performance, several capacitive sensor electrodes, shown in green, could be
embedded directly into the device’s plastic housing at the injection molding stage during manufacturing. Once the electrode information is available,
a simple algorithm running on the host controller can be applied to determine if all sensor electrodes are making proper contact with the skin.
Selecting a Capacitive Sensor Controller
Selecting a capacitive sensor controller should start by selecting
a controller that:
• Does not require external RC sensor tuning components.
ACSHIELD VCC
8
GND
BIAS
10
9
11
POWER-ON
RESET LOGIC
CIN0 19
• Includes an analog front end (AFE) that supports accurate
measurements to detect the small energy on the
capacitive sensors.
CIN1 20
CIN2 21
• Offers on-chip environmental tracking and calibration
to correct for environmental baseline drift errors.
CIN3 22
• Includes on-chip parasitic capacitance offset adjustment
and low latency periods from touch to response.
CIN5 24
EXCITATION
SOURCE
CIN4 23
SWITCH
MATRIX
CIN6 1
CIN7 2
SENSOR OR PROBE HEAD
CALIBRATION
RAM
AD7147/AD7147A
CIN8 3
16-BIT
𝚺-𝚫
CDC
CIN9 4
CALIBRATION
ENGINE
CIN10 5
CIN11 6
CONTROL
AND DATA
REGISTERS
CIN12 7
VDRIVE 12
INTERRUPT
AND GPIO
LOGIC
SERIAL INTERFACE
AND CONTROL LOGIC
13
14
15
16
18 GPIO
17
SDO/ SDI/ SCLK CS/
SDA ADD0
ADD1
INT
BODY WORN SENSOR
Capacitive-to-Digital Controllers (CDCs)
Part
Resolution
Number of
Rate (ms)
Number
(Bits)
Channels
AD7148
16
9
8
AD7147A
16
9
13
AD7147
16
9
13
AD7156
12
10
2
Supply Voltage
(V)
Multi (+3.3 analog,
+3.3 digital)
Single (+3),
Single (+3.3)
Single (+3),
Single (+3.3)
1.8 to 3.6
Power Dissipation
3.3 mW = full power
71 μW = low power
3.3 mW = full power
71 μW = low power
3.3 mW = full power
71 μW = low power
0.25 mW = full power
0.7 μW = shut down
(3.6 V supplies)
Input Base
C (pF Max)
CIN Range
(pF)
Package
20
±8
LFCSP
20
±8
LFCSP
20
±8
WLCSP
12.5
0.0 to 4.0
LFCSP
www.analog.com/healthcare | 7
Low Power, High Performance Analog Interface
For designs that interface to electrodes, photodiodes, or analog output sensors, Analog Devices offers the industry’s broadest portfolio of low power, high
performance operational amplifiers (op amps), analog-to-digital converters (ADCs), and digital-to-analog converters (DACs.) For designs requiring a higher
level of integration, ADI offers a variety of application-specific standard products (ASSPs) and ASIC solutions. Contact your ADI sales representative for
more information.
Low Power, Precision Amplifiers
High performance amplifiers provide the critical analog interface between the device and external sensors (electrodes, photodiodes, chemical assays, etc.).
In portable battery-powered applications, these amplifiers must support a lower power budget and small footprint without sacrificing the performance
found in higher power, clinical-level devices.
The types of amplifiers and specifications required vary depending on the sensor used and the end device. Below are a few guidelines:
• ECG and EEG applications including heart rate monitors: instrumentation amplifiers with a high common-mode rejection ratio; high performance
operational amplifiers for the gain and filter stages employed in the device.
• Photodiode applications including glucose meters (amperometric and photometric): traditional operational amplifiers as buffers; low noise, low input
bias current, and low offset voltage amplifiers.
• Blood pressure applications: low power, high precision instrumentation amplifiers for the bridge sensor application.
Instrumentation Amplifiers
Part
Number
Description
Supply
AD8220
AD8223
AD8226
AD8235
AD8236
AD627
R-R JFET
Single supply R-R
Wide supply R-R
Small, low power
Ultralow power, RRIO
Micropower
Single/dual
Single/dual
Single/dual
Single
Single
Single/dual
Gain Bandwidth
Min CMRR Min CMRR @
VNOISE RTI
Gain Gain
Setting G = 10 Typ
1 Hz to
@ 60 Hz Min 60 Hz Max
Min Max
Method
(kHz)
Gain (dB)
Gain (dB) 10 Hz (𝛍V p-p)
4.6 to 36 750 μA Resistor
800
1 1000
78
94
0.8
3 to 25
0.6 mA
Pin
200
5 1000
70
105
2
2.2 to 36 350 μA Resistor
160
1 1000
80
105
2
1.8 to 5.5 40 μA Resistor
8.8
5
200
60
60
5
1.8 to 5.5 40 μA Resistor
8.8
5
200
60
60
5
2.2 to 36 0.06 mA Resistor
30
5 1000
77
77
1.2
Vcc to VEE
(V)
Supply
Current
Operational Amplifiers
Part
Number
AD8500
AD8502
AD8504
ADA4505-1
ADA4505-2
ADA4505-4
AD8505
AD8506
AD8508
AD8603
AD8607
AD8609
AD8613
AD8617
AD8619
AD8541
AD8542
AD8544
AD8538
AD8539
ADA4092-4
AD8641
AD8642
AD8643
Supply
Number
Voltage
Process
of
Min/
Amps
Max (V)
CMOS
1
1.8/5.5
2
CMOS
1.8/5.5
4
1
CMOS
2
1.8/5.5
4
1
CMOS
2
1.8/5.5
4
1
CMOS
2
1.8/6
4
1
CMOS
2
1.8/5.5
4
1
CMOS
2
2.7/6
4
2
CMOS
2.7/5.5
4
±1.35/
Bipolar
4
±18
1
±2.5/
JFET
2
±13
4
IS/
BW @
Slew
VOS
Amp Rail- ACL
Rate Max
Max to-Rail Min
(V/𝛍s) (mV)
(MHz)
(mA)
0.001 RRIO 0.007 0.004
1
TcVOS
IB
CMRR PSRR AVO
Noise
Typ
Min Min Min @ 1 kHz Max
(𝛍V/
(dB) (dB) (dB) (nV/√Hz) (pA)
ºC)
3
75
90
98
190
10
Package
SC70
SOT-23
TSSOP
WLCSP/SOT-23
WLCSP/MSOP
WLCSP/TSSOP
WLCSP/SOT-23
WLCSP/MSOP
WLCSP/TSSOP
SOT-23
MSOP/SOIC
SOIC/TSSOP
SC70/SOT-23
MSOP/SOIC
SOIC/TSSOP
SC70/SOT-23/SOIC
MSOP/SOIC/TSSOP
SOIC/TSSOP
SOT-23/SOIC
MSOP/SOIC
0.001 RRIO 0.007 0.004
3
5
67
85
98
190
10
0.010 RRIO 0.050 0.006
3
2
90
100
105
65
2
0.020 RRIO 0.095 0.013
2.5
2
90
100
105
45
10
0.040 RRIO
0.4
0.1
0.3
1
85
80
112
25
1
0.040 RRIO
0.4
0.1
2.2
1
68
67
107
25
1
0.045 RRIO
1
0.92
6
4
40
65
86
40
60
0.180 RRIO
0.43
0.35
0.013
0.03
115
105
115
50
25
0.250 RRIO
1.4
0.4
1.5
2.5
90
98
116
30
60
TSSOP
0.290
3.5
3
0.75
2.5
90
90
106
27.5
1
SC70/SOIC
MSOP/SOIC
SOIC/LFCSP
SS
| Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
8
Low Power, High Performance Analog Interface (Continued)
In addition to some of the amplifiers listed in the table, designers can select op amps by parameters, find expert system-level advice on design
problems with our amplifier reference circuits (Circuits from the Lab™), and download design tools, selection guides, calculators, and SPICE models
at www.analog.com/amplifiers.
Data Converters
As the world’s leading provider of data converters, Analog Devices offers digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital converters from 8 bits to 24 bits. ADI
converters are unmatched in their ability to deliver performance and value, and they are supported by design tools and technical documentation engineers
need to accelerate time to market. Whether the data conversion challenge is high speed or precision, engineers will find an ADC or DAC to suit every
specification: accuracy, resolution, sample rate, bandwidth, power, size, and value.
Low Voltage Precision Digital-to-Analog Converters (DACs)
Part Number
Channels
Bits
AD5320
1
12
AD5621
1
12
AD5622
1
12
AD5620
AD5640
AD5660
AD5322
AD5623R
AD5627R
AD5643R
AD5663R
AD5324
AD5624R
AD5625R
AD5644R
AD5664R
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
4
4
4
4
4
Interface
SPI
SPI
I 2C
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
No
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
No
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
1.25/2.5
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
I2C
SPI
SPI
SPI
SPI
I2C
SPI
SPI
12
14
16
12
12
12
14
16
12
12
12
14
16
Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADCs)
Part
Resolution
INL
THD
Channels
Number
(Bits)
(Typ)
(dB)
±0.5 –82 @
AD7298
12
8
50 kHz
LSB
±0.75 –80 @
AD7476A
12
1
LSB 100 kHz
±0.6 –80 @
AD7476
12
1
LSB 100 kHz
On-Chip Reference (V)
No
No
No
Throughput
1 MSPS
1 MSPS
1 MSPS
Supply (V)
Analog: 2.8 to 3.6
Digital: 1.65 to 3.6
Analog: 2.35 to 5.25
Digital: 2.35 to 5.25
Analog: 2.35 to 5.25
Digital: 2.35 to 5.25
Package
SOT-23, MSOP
SC70
SC70
SOT-23, MSOP
SOT-23, MSOP
SOT-23, MSOP
MSOP
LFCSP, MSOP
LFCSP, MSOP
MSOP
LFCSP, MSOP
LFCSP, MSOP
LFCSP, MSOP
LFCSP, TSSOP
LFCSP, MSOP
LFCSP, MSOP
Power Dissipation
17.4 mW
3.6 mW
Package
LFCSP
(QFN)
sc70,
MSOP
3.6 mW
sot-23
AD7942
14
1
±0.4
LSB
–100 @
20 kHz
250 kSPS
Analog: 2.3 to 5.5
Digital: 1.8 to 5.0
1.25 mW @ 2.5 V/100 kSPS
3.6 mW @ 5 V/100 kSPS
1.25 μW @ 2.5 V/100 SPS
MSOP, QFN
(LFCSP)
AD7171
16
1
±0.4
LSB
n/a
125 Hz
2.7 to 5.25
0.33 mW
LFCSP
AD7980
16
1
±0.6
LSB
–110 @
10 kHz
1 MSPS
Analog: 2.5 to 5.0
Digital: 1.8 to 5.0
7.0 mW @ 1 MSPS
70 μW @ 10 kSPS
MSOP, QFN
(LFCSP)
AD7685
16
1
±0.6
LSB
–110 @
20 kHz
250 kSPS
Analog: 2.3 to 5.5
Digital: 1.8 to 5.0
AD7682/
AD7689
16
4/8
±0.4
LSB
–100 @
20 kHz
250 kSPS
Analog: 2.3 to 5.5
Digital: 1.8 to 5.5
AD7986
18
1
±0.6
LSB
–115 @ 2 MSPS (TURBO = high),
20 kHz 1.5 MSPS (TURBO = low)
AD7767
24
1
±3
ppm
–115 @
1 kHz
32 kSPS
64 kSPS
128 kSPS
Analog: 2.3 to 2.6
Digital: 1.8 to 2.7
Analog: 2.3 to 2.6
Digital: 1.8 to 3.6
1.4 μW @ 2.5 V/100 SPS
MSOP, QFN
1.35 mW @ 2.5 V/100 kSPS
(LFCSP)
4 mW @ 5 V/100 kSPS
3.5 mW @ 2.5 V/200 kSPS
LFCSP
12.5 mW @ 5 V/250 kSPS
15 mW @ 2 MSPS,
with external reference
QFN
26 mW @ 2 MSPS,
(LFCSP)
with internal reference
8.5 mW @ 32 kSPS (AD7767-2)
10.5 mW @ 64 kSPS (AD7767-1)
TSSOP
15 mW @ 128 kSPS (AD7767)
www.analog.com/healthcare | 9
Low Power, High Performance Analog Interface (Continued)
Data Conversion Knowledge Resource
Analog Devices’ Data Conversion Knowledge Resource is an easy-to-navigate library of in-depth technical material focusing on key aspects of conversion
stage design. Clicking on the individual blocks within the Data Conversion Knowledge Resource home page diagram serves up design and applications
engineering content relevant to that specific subject.
Put ADI’s 45 year span of pioneering work in data conversion to work for you. Visit the Data Conversion Knowledge Resource for design-relevant
handbooks, applications notes, tutorials, webcasts, tools, and more at www.analog.com/theKnowledgeResource.
Voltage References
ADI’s precision micropower voltage reference products provide class-leading specification in an affordable budget. These parts feature ≤±0.1% initial
accuracy, low operating current, and low output noise in small packages, ideal for battery-operated portable devices.
Precision Voltage References
ADR3425
2.5
Initial Accuracy
(%)
0.1
100 μA max
Tempco
(ppm/∙C)
8
AD1580
1.225
0.08, 0.8
50 μA to 10 mA
50, 100
5
SC70/SOT-23
ADR5043
3
0.1, 0.2
50 μA to 15 mA
75, 100
25.8
SC70/SOT-23
Part Number
Output Voltage (V)
Operating Current
0.1 Hz to 10 Hz
Noise (𝛍V p-p)
18
Package
SOT-23
Small, Highly Accurate Temperature Sensing
ADI’s high performance digital temperature sensors measure temperature to an accuracy of ±0.25°C over a range of –20°C to +105°C and ±0.5°C
from –40°C to +125°C. These devices offer breakthrough accuracy and a high level of integration offering designers an alternative to thermistors and the
peripheral parts these devices require. There is no extra signal processing, characterization, or calibration required. The sensors offer stable and reliable
temperature measurement with a typical drift specification of ±0.0072°C and repeatability of ±0.015°C
Digital Temperature Sensors
Temperature Resolution
Part Number
(°C/LSB)
ADT7310
0.0078°C
25°C Temperature
Error (°C)
0.5
Resolution
(Bits)
16
Serial
Interface
SPI
Temperature
Range (∙C)
–55 to +150
Supply Voltage
Range (V)
+2.7 to +5.5
Package
SOIC
ADT7320
0.0078°C
0.0017
16
SPI
–40 to +150
+2.7 to +5.5
LFCSP
ADT7410
0.0078°C
0.5
16
I2C
–55 to +150
+2.7 to +5.5
SOIC
ADT7420
0.0078°C
0.2
16
IC
–40 to +150
+2.7 to +5.5
LFCSP
10 | Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
2
Low Power, Low Cost Precision Analog Microcontrollers and Digital Signal Processors
Analog Devices has an extensive portfolio of digital signal processors (DSPs) and analog microcontrollers for portable home healthcare device
design requirements.
Precision Analog Microcontroller: ARM
Cortex-M3 with ISM Band Transceiver
For those portable home healthcare designs
requiring a high level of integration, the
ADuCRF101 system on a chip (SoC) integrates
high performance converter technology, an
ARM Cortex-M3 processor, on-chip memory,
and the added functionality of an RF transceiver
for wireless communications on a single chip. It
offers low operating power (190 μA/MHz) and
can power down to under 1.6 μA with a state
retained, making it ideal for mains and battery
operated medical devices, including infusion
pumps and vital sign monitors.
ADuCRF101 Features
XOSC26N
ADC0
ADC5
MUX
14-BIT
SARADC
500kSPS
TEMP
SENSOR
BAND GAP
REFERENCE
UHF TRANSCEIVER
PACKET HANDLER
AND WAKE UP CONTROL
LFXTAL1
LFXTAL2
WAKE-UP
TIMER
OSC
AVDD
LVDD
ADuCRF101
IOVDD
RFIO_1N
ARM CORTEX M3-BASED MCU
WITH ADDITIONAL PERIPHERALS
2 × GENERAL
PURPOSE TIMERS
POR
RFIO_1P
RFO2
VREF
RESET
XOSC26P
LOW
POWER
RADIO
INTERRUPT
CONTROLLER
SERIAL
WIRE
SPI
WATCHDOG
TIMER
16K BYTES
SRAM
(4k × 32 BITS)
I2C
UART
2 KBYTES
128 KBYTES
FLASH/EE
(32k × 32 BITS)
PWM
GPIOS
GPIOS
ADuCRF101 functional block diagram.
• High performance ISM band RF transceiver
• ARM Cortex-M3 32-bit RISC MCU, 128 kB
Flash/EE memory, 16 kB RAM
ADC0
• Operates directly from 3.6 V battery
MUX
• 6-channel, 14-bit, 500 kSPS SAR ADC
ADC15
• 9 mm × 9 mm, 64-lead LFCSP
TEMP
SENSOR
Precision Analog Microcontrollers with
12-Bit ARM7TDMI MCU
Analog Devices precision analog microcontrollers
combine precision analog functions, such
as high resolution ADCs and DACs, voltage
reference, temperature sensor, and a host of
other peripherals, with an industry-standard
microcontroller and flash memory. The ADuC712x
ARM7TDMI® family integrates 12-bit ADCs,
12-bit DACs, flash, SRAM, and a host of digital
peripherals designed for medical applications.
Precision Analog Microcontrollers
Part
MCU Speed
MCU Core
Number
(MIPS)
ADuC7021
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuC7022
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuC7024
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuC7025
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuC7026
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuC7027
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuC7028
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuC7124
ARM7TDMI
40
ADuCRF101 Cortex-M3
20
1MSPS
12-BIT ADC
ADuC7124/ADuC7126
CMP0
CMP1
BAND GAP
REF
CMPOUT
VECTORED
INTERRUPT
CONTROLLER
VREF
XCLKI
OSC
AND PLL
RST
POR
DAC0
12-BIT
DAC
DAC1
12-BIT
DAC
DAC2
12-BIT
DAC
DAC3
ARM7TDMI-BASED MCU WITH
ADDITIONAL PERIPHERALS
XCLKO
PSM
12-BIT
DAC
PLA
8k × 32 SRAM
63k × 16 FLASH/EEPROM
4 GENERALPURPOSE TIMERS
SPI, 2 × I2C,
2 × UART
GPIO
PWM
JTAG
EXTERNAL
MEMORY
INTERFACE
ADuC7124 functional block diagram.
Flash
(kB)
62
62
62
62
62
62
62
128
128
SRAM
(kB)
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
32
16
GPIO
Pins
13
13
30
30
40
40
40
40
28
Resolution
(Bits)
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
ADC Speed
(kSPS)
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
1000
500
ADC
Channels
8
10
10
12
12
16
8
16
6
Other
—
—
PWM
PWM
PWM
PWM
—
PWM
PWM, radio, DMA
12-Bit DAC
Outputs
2
—
2
—
4
—
4
4
—
Digital Signal Processors
The ADSP-BF52x and ADSP-BF592 Blackfin® processors deliver the computational power required for fast, accurate results for in-home medical
systems, including wearable monitoring devices and portable diagnostic systems. In addition to providing the signal processing for real-time analysis,
Blackfin processors can provide control of the user interface (LCD, button, touch screen). A range of connectivity options (network wired/wireless, USB)
are available to enable the transfer of data from device to patient and doctor.
www.analog.com/healthcare | 11
Reliable Wireless Communication for Transfer of Data
To maximize patient comfort and mobility, wireless connectivity is becoming ubiquitous. Open standards such as Bluetooth and Zigbee provide low cost
options for those applications with multiple band requirements, including the 2.4 GHz band. For near-body or body worn sensors, the sub-1 GHz ISM
band offers an alternative and can provide maximum design flexibility, including the ability to trade off range against power, optimize data security, and
minimize software and memory overhead. To address applications utilizing ISM bands, ADI offers standalone transceivers, as well as a fully integrated
system on a chip (SoC) solution.
Low Power ISM Band Transceivers
The ADF7023 is a low power, high performance, highly integrated 2FSK/GFSK/OOK/MSK/GMSK transceiver designed for operation in the 862 MHz to
928 MHz and 431 MHz to 464 MHz frequency bands, which cover the worldwide license-free ISM bands at 433 MHz, 868 MHz, and 915 MHz. It is
suitable for circuit applications that operate under the European ETSI EN 300-220, the North American FCC (Part 15), the Chinese short-range wireless
regulatory standards, or other similar regional standards. Data rates from 1 kbps to 300 kbps are supported.
ADF7023 Features
• Data rates supported: 1 kbps to 300 kbps
• Frequency bands
• 862 MHz to 928 MHz
• 1.8 V to 3.6 V power supply
• 431 MHz to 464 MHz
• Single-ended and differential PAs
• Low IF receiver with programmable
IF bandwidths: 100 kHz, 150 kHz,
200 kHz, 300 kHz
ADCIN_ATB3
LNA
RSSI/
LOGAMP
8-BIT
ADC
MUX
RFIO_1P
RFIO_1N
FSK
ASK
DEMOD
CDR
AFC
AGC
PA
PA
RFO2
DIVIDER
LOOP
FILTER
CHARGE
PUMP
8-BIT
RISC
PROCESSOR
DIVIDER
PA RAMP
PROFILE
𝚺-𝚫
MODULATOR
LDO4
LDO3
LDO2
SPI
64 BYTE
BBRAM
GPIO
256 BYTE
MCR RAM
TEST
DAC
IRQ_GP3
CS
MISO
SCLK
MOSI
GPIO1
fDEV
ADF7023
LDO1
2kB RAM
256 BYTE
PACKET
RAM
26MHz OSC
PFD
IRQ
CTRL
4kB ROM
MAC
BIAS
GAUSSIAN
FILTER
ANALOG
TEST
CREGRFx CREGVCO CREGSYNTH CREGDIGx RBIAS
REFERS TO PINS 17, 18, 19, 20, 25, AND 27.
TEMP
SENSOR
BATTERY
MONITOR
WAKE-UP
TIMER
UNIT
CONTROL
CLOCK
DIVIDER
32kHz
OSC
26MHz
OSC
32kHz
RCOSC
XOSC32KN_ATB2 XOSC32KP_GP5_ATB1
XOSC26N XOSC26P
1GPIO
ADF7023 functional block diagram.
ISM Band Transceiver with Microcontroller System on a Chip (SoC)
The ADuCRF101 is a fully integrated SoC solution that includes an energy efficient 431 MHz to 464 MHz and 862 MHz to 928 MHz internal UHF
transceiver, low power ARM Cortex-M3 core, and Flash/EE memory. The transceiver consumes only 12.8 mA in receive mode, while maintaining
a typical sensitivity of –107.5 dB at 38.4 kbps (2FSK). The transmit mode is equally efficient, with supply current as low as 9 mA, depending on the
user programmed RF power level. The device operates directly from a 3.6 V battery and utilizes an autonomous packet handler to minimize system
current consumption during wireless communications.
RF Transceivers
Part Number
ADF7023
ADF7242
ADuCRF101
Frequency
Range (MHz)
431 to 464,
862 to 928
2400 to
2483.5
431 to 464,
862 to 928
Max
Data
Rate
300
kbps
Phase Noise Tx Current
Rx
Rx
Min Pos Max Pos Output
Floor
for
Current Sensitivity Supply Supply Power
(dBc/Hz) 0 dBm (mA) (mA)
(dBm)
(V)
(V)
(dBm)
GFSK/FSK/MSK,
–16 to
196
13
12.8
116
1.8
3.6
GMSK, OOK
+13.5
DSSS-OQPSK,
–20 to
2 Mbps
145
19.6
19
—
1.8
3.6
FSK/GFSK
+4.8
GFSK/FSK/MSK,
300
–16 to
196
13
12.8
116
1.8
3.6
GMSK, OOK
kbps
+13.5
Modulation
Mode
12 | Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
Package
32-lead
LFCSP
32-lead
LFCSP
64-lead
LFCSP
iCoupler Digital Isolator Technology for Safety from Hazardous Line Voltages
Portable point-of-care medical devices are using the PC USB port to upload data and in some cases to also recharge Li-Ion batteries. Since the PC is also
connected to the main ac power lines, it is not uncommon to provide some extra safety precaution by either disabling the device from being used when
connected to the USB port or to include electrical isolation between the USB port and the user.
ADuM4160: Full/Low Speed 5 kV rms USB Digital Isolator
The ADuM4160 offers 5 kV rms isolation that is ideal as an alternative to optocouplers for medical applications (IEC 60601-1 medical safety approval).
The isolation provided by the ADuM4160 will electrically isolate patients and equipment protecting them from harmful surges or spikes. The isolation also
eliminates the need to disconnect during defibrillation.
PERIPHERAL
ADuM4160 Features
VDD2
• Reinforced isolation for medical applications per IEC 60601-1
VBUS1
DD+
• 5 kV rms isolation rating (1 minute) per UL 1577
USB
HOST
• Class 3 contact ESD performance per ANSI/ESD STM5.1-2007
DD–
GND1
3.3V
VBUS2
DD+
ADuM4160
DD–
PIN
MICROCONTROLLER
POWER
SUPPLY
• High common-mode transient immunity (>25 kV/μs)
• Direct isolation of USB D+/D− data lines supporting USB low speed
and full speed data rates
ADuM6000: Isolated Power for Isolated USB Applications
The ADuM4160 is designed to be integrated into a USB peripheral with an upstream
facing USB port.
Isolated power is needed on either side of the isolation barrier in USB applications. Each side can provide its own power. For example, a patient monitor
is plugged into the wall, and a laptop is powered by its own battery. Another way to achieve power on either side of the isolation barrier is for the system
to use an isolated dc-to-dc converter. Designers can use the ADuM6000 with an isolated power supply, or another source to provide power.
ADuM6000 Features
• isoPower® integrated, isolated dc-to-dc converter
• Regulated 5 V or 3.3 V output
• Up to 400 mW output power
• 16-lead SOIC package with >7.6 mm creepage
• High temperature operation: 105°C maximum
• High common-mode transient immunity: >25 kV/μs
VDD1 1
OSCILLATOR
RECTIFIER REGULATOR 16 VISO
GND1 2
15
GNDISO
NC
3
14
NC
RCIN 4
13
VSEL
RCOUT 5
12
NC
RCSEL 6
11
NC
10
VISO
9
GNDISO
VDD1
7
GND1 8
ADuM6000
ADuM6000 functional block diagram.
www.analog.com/healthcare | 13
High Efficiency Power Management for Battery Operated Devices
Standard lithium coin cell batteries used in point-of-care healthcare devices provide a typical output voltage in the range of 2.0 V to 3.0 V. Some high
performance portable systems are also powered by rechargeable Li-Ion batteries with a 3.0 V to 4.2 V output. The two main design challenges with
battery operated systems with regards to power are the battery life and the battery output voltage.
Battery life can be extended by selecting components with very low quiescent and shutdown currents and by keeping the main power consuming
devices, such as the host processor, in a sleep state as much as possible. The battery output level has to comply with all the IC operating voltages
in the system, generally consisting of a mixture of components developed on different processes, thus different compliance voltages.
ICs used for high performance portable devices operate on a wide range of voltage rails. Even if all of the ICs can operate directly off the battery, some
form of regulation, such as step-up regulator, step-down regulator, or both, will be required to maintain the highest system efficiency and longest
battery life.
Linear Regulators
Description
Vout (V)
Iout Max
(mA)
VIN Range
Vmin to Vmax
CMOS, low quiescent
CMOS, low quiescent
CMOS, 0.8 to 5 V
CMOS, ultralow noise
CMOS, low dropout
Dual, low noise, high PSRR
9 options: 1.2 to 3.3
7 options: 2.5 to 3.3
n/a
7 options: 1.8 to 3.3
5 options: 1.2 to 2.8
7 options: 1.2 to 2.8
150
300
500
150
300
200
2.5 to 5.5
2.3 to 5.5
2.3 to 5.5
2.2 to 5.5
1.6 to 3.6
2.5 to 5.5
Part Number
ADP121
ADP122
ADP125
ADP150
ADP170
ADP220
Supply
Current
(𝛍A)
40
45
45
10
260
220
VDROPOUT @
Rated Iout (mV)
Package
90 to 120
85
130
105
66
150
WLCSP, TSOT
LFCSP
LFCSP
WLCSP, TSOT
TSOT
WLCSP
Switching DC-to-DC Regulators
Description
Vin Range (V)
Vout Options (V)
Iout
Max
(A)
ADP1612
Step-up
1.8 to 5.5
VIN to 20, adjustable
—
1.4
1350
650 kHz,
1.3 MHz
MSOP
ADP2108
Synchronous step-down
2.3 to 5.5
ADP2138
Synchronous step-down
Synchronous step-down
with load discharge switch
Synchronous buck-boost
Part Number
ADP2139
ADP2504
Isw Peak Supply Current Switch
(A)
(𝛍A)
Frequency
Package
0.6
1.3
30
3 MHz
WLCSP
2.3 to 5.5
1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.5, 1.82,
1.8, 2.3, 2.5, 3.0, 3.3
8 options: 0.8 to 3.3
0.8
1.5
30
3 MHz
WLCSP
2.3 to 5.5
8 options: 0.8 to 3.3
0.8
1.5
30
3 MHz
WLCSP
2.3 to 5.5
2.8, 3.3, 3.5, 4.2, 4.5, 5.0
1
1.3
50
2.5 MHz
LFCSP
Buck
(mA)
LDO
(mA)
Key Features
Package
Multioutput Regulators
Number of
Switching
Outputs Frequency (MHz)
Part Number
Product Description
Vin Range (V)
ADP2140
Low quiescent current
buck converter with
300 mA LDO regulator
2.3 to 5.5
(LDO: 1.7 to 5.5)
2
3
600
300
Auto sequence;
power good
LFCSP
ADP5020
General-purpose PMU
2.4 to 5.5
3
3
300, 600
150
I2C, programmable
outputs
LFCSP
2.4 to 5.5
3
3
150, 500
150
—
WLCSP
2.45 to 5.5
9
2.5
700, 900
2.5 to 5.5
3
—
—
ADP5022
ADP5025
ADP5030
Dual buck regulator
with 150 mA LDO
System PMU
for digital still cameras
Dual LDO (VOUT = 1.2 V, 2.8 V)
with load switch
14 | Technologies for High Performance Portable Healthcare Devices
I2C, RTC, back-batt
WLCSP
charger
200, Load switch and
WLCSP
200
level shifters
50
High Efficiency Power Management for Battery Operated Devices (Continued)
Display Backlight Controllers
ADI backlight drivers (controllers) are appropriate for display backlighting, keypad control, and status indicators. They extend battery life by reducing
processor interaction and ambient light sensing (ALS) complexity. These intelligent state-machine products improve battery life by reducing processor
interaction and improve time to market by reducing software complexities. User interface is also enhanced by the on-chip built-in controllers for
automatic light adjustment based on ambient conditions.
Backlight Controllers
Part
Number
Description
LED
LED
I 2C
Topology Application
Support
Number Configuration
ADP5501
WLED driver with ALS, RGB
ADP5520 WLED driver with ALS, RGB, KBRD
ADP8860
WLED driver with ALS
ADP8861
WLED driver
ADP8863
Fun lighting LED driver
ADP8870 WLED driver with ALS and CABC
6
6
7
7
7
7
Serial
Serial
Parallel
Parallel
Parallel
Parallel
Inductive
Inductive
Capacitive
Capacitive
Capacitive
Capacitive
Backlighting
Backlighting
Backlighting
Backlighting
Backlighting
Backlighting
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Max
Peak
Switching
Brightness
Iout
Efficiency Frequency
Control
(mA)
(%)
(MHz)
—
1
30
I2C
—
1
30
I2C
89
1
60
I2C
60
PWM
89
1.32
89
1.32
60
I2C
89
1.2
60
I2C
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i 2c refers to a communications protocol originally
developed by Philips Semiconductors (now NXP
Semiconductors).
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AH09519-0-11/11(A)
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