CNET CWD-854 User manual

CNET CWD-854 User manual
CWD-854
Wireless-G USB Dongle
User Manual
Version: 1.0.0
(May 2009)
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction ................................................................................ 3
1.1 About CWD-854 ........................................................................................... 3
1.2 Main Features .............................................................................................. 3
1.3 System Requirements ............................................................................... 4
1.4 Getting to Know CWD-854........................................................................ 4
Chapter 2: Driver Installation and Configuration........................................ 5
2.1 USB Adapter Installation .......................................................................... 5
2.2 Connect to Wireless Access Point ........................................................ 9
Chapter 3 Configuration Utility .................................................................. 12
3.1 Utility Overview ......................................................................................... 13
3.2 Available Network ..................................................................................... 14
3.3 General ........................................................................................................ 15
3.4 Profile .......................................................................................................... 16
3.5 Advanced .................................................................................................... 21
3.6 Status ........................................................................................................... 23
3.7 Statistics ..................................................................................................... 24
3.8 Wi-Fi Protect Setup .................................................................................. 25
3.9 Software AP................................................................................................ 31
Chapter 4 Set Wizard .................................................................................. 38
Chapter 5 Glossary ..................................................................................... 42
2
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 About CWD-854
The Wireless-G USB Dongle can be installed in most notebooks and provides true flexibility by
allowing the computer to be positioned almost anywhere in the building without the cost and
hassle of running network cables. Using the wireless-G USB Dongle, you don't have to worry
about drilling holes in your walls and climbing through the attic or cellar to get connected to the
network. Once installed and connected, you can keep in touch with friends and work through
e-mail, instant messaging and chat rooms as well as sharing files and other network resources
such as printers and network storage with other computers.
The Wireless-G USB Dongle connects to 802.11g networks at an incredible speed of 54Mbps
and for added versatility; it also interoperates with all Wireless-B (802.11b) products found at
homes, businesses, and public wireless hotspots around the country.
1.2 Main Features
The following lists the main features of the Wireless-G USB Dongle.

Complies with IEEE 802.11b and 802.11g standards

5 times faster and seamlessly interoperate with existing Wireless-B Equipment

Support Soft AP function – allowing users to configure the card as AP

Support 64/128-bit WEP, WPA, WPA2 and 802.1x security

Support WPS for easy wireless setup

Support Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP/Vista
3
1.3 System Requirements

An empty USB 2.0 port (May not work on USB 1.1 port, and performance will be greatly
reduced)

Windows 98SE, ME, 2000, XP, or Vista operating system

CD-ROM drive

At least 100MB of available disk space
1.4 Getting to Know CWD-854
This section describes and shows the top panel of Wireless-G USB Dongle. An activity LED
will blink when the card is receiving or transmitting data.
LED
C OL OR
S TAT U S
DESC RI PT I ON
ACT
Green
Blinking
When the Dongle transmits/receives data.
Off
No data is being transmitted or received
4
Chapter 2: Driver Installation and Configuration
2.1 USB Adapter Installation
Please follow the instructions below to install the wireless USB adapter on your system. The
following steps are for systems running on Windows XP. (Procedures are similar for
Windows 2000/XP/Vista)
Warning: Do not install the CWD-854 USB Dongle into your computer before installing
drivers first.
Insert device driver CD into the CD/DVD ROM drive of your computer.
If the CD Auto-Run doesn‟t automatically start, please go to Start > Run, and type
“D:\AUTORUN.exe” (where D: represents the drive letter of your CD/DVD ROM drive).
1. The main installation screen displays. Click “DRIVER” to install CWD-854 Wireless
Dongle drivers and utility.
5
2. Please select the language, which you want to use and click “Next>”.
3. The installation process is being prepared.
6
4. Click “Next>” to continue or click “Cancel” to abort installation.
5. Click “Install” to begin the installation or click “Cancel” to stop process.
7
6. Please wait while the install procedure is running. When you see this message, please click
“Finish” to complete the installation process.
7. Insert the CWD-854 USB Dongle into an empty USB 2.0 port of your computer.
8
2.2 Connect to Wireless Access Point
1. After installation is complete, an icon for the wireless configuration utility will be shown on
your desktop.
Click the icon to bring up the utility.
2. Configuration utility will automatically scan for wireless access points, and display a list of
“Available Networks”. Please select an access point you wish to connect to, and click
“Add to Profile”. Click “Refresh”, if your wireless access point is not shown in the list.
9
3. If the wireless router/access point you‟re connecting to is secured through encryption, the
security information used on the router must also be entered into this utility. Please contact
the network administrator if you don‟t have the security keys and enter them into this utility.
If the security keys don‟t match, you will not be able access the wireless network.
Authentication type is automatically selected, please don’t change it.
4. The utility will automatically add the router/access point to a profile list
10
5. If the wireless connection is successful, a connected icon
will display at the lower-left
corner of wireless configuration utility. When done, click “Close” to exit.
11
Chapter 3 Configuration Utility
The Configuration Utility is a powerful application that helps configuring the Wireless Dongle
as well as monitoring the link status and statistics during the communication process.
The Configuration Utility appears as an icon on the system tray and windows desktop. You can
open it by double clicking on the icon.
In the Desktop
In the System Tray
You could also right click on the icon in the system try to access the configuration utility.

Open Config Utility: Select “Open Config Utility” to open the configuration utility

Set Wizard: Select ”Set Wizard” to open RT-Set Wizard

About: Select “About” to show the utility information

Hide: Select “Hide” to hide the utility in the system tray

QUIT: Select “QUIT” to close utility
12
3.1 Utility Overview
There are several sections in the utility screen. Please use the following table for the
description of each section.
Parameter
Description

Refresh – Refresh adapter list in the “B” bloc

Set Wizard – Open the Setup Wizard

Mode – There are two modes: Station and Access Point. If “Station”
is selected, the adapter works as a wireless adapter. If “Access
A
Point” is selected, the adapter works as a wireless AP

View – Enable “Status Bar“ and the “D“ block in the utility will display
the current status of the utility

B
This is a list of detected wireless adapters on your PC

Show Tray Icon -- To show the icon in the system tray.

Radio Off -- This function is to turn the radio signal off. If the radio is turned
C
off, the adapter will not work.

D
E
About -- To check the version of the utility, select this item
Disable Adapter – If checked, the adapter is disabled.
This is where the status of the card is displayed. To close it, please disable the
“Status Bar“ in the “View“ item.
This field contains many tabs containing different functions of the adapter. Next
Below is a detailed explanation of each tab.
13
3.2 Available Network
When you open the Configuration Utility, the system will scan all channels to find the available
access points/stations within its range and automatically connects to the wireless network with
the highest signal strength. In the “Available Network” tab, one can see a list of all nearby
networks. You can choose which network to connect to.
Parameter
Description
This is a list of all available wireless networks within the range of
Available Network(s)
your adapter. The information for each network includes SSID,
Channel, Encryption, Network Authentication, Signal and etc. To
connect to any network on the list, just double-click the network.
Refresh
Add to Profile
Click “Refresh“ to update the networks list. It is recommended to
refresh the list when network connections are changed.
A profile stores the setting of a network for faster network
connection. Click this button to add a selected network.
14
3.3 General
To check the connection status of the adapter, select “General“. This screen shows the
information of Link Speed, Network Type, Encryption Method, SSID, Signal Strength, Link
Quality and Network Address of the adapter.
Parameter
Description
Status
Shows the connection status of the adapter.
Speed
Shows the current speed
Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence of an
802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the Access
Type
Point or Router.
IBSS – Select this mode if you want to directly connect to another
wireless stations (AdHoc).
Encryption
Displays the encryption setting of the current connection. Options
are None, WEP, TKIP or AES.
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique name
SSID
identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents unintentional merging of two
co-located WLANs.
Signal Strength
Link Quality
Network Address
Indicates the wireless signal strength.
Indicates the wireless link quality.
Shows the MAC, IP address and other information of the adapter.
15
3.4 Profile
The “Profiles List” is for you to manage the networks you frequently connect to. You are able to
Add/Remove/Edit/Duplicate/Set Default to manage a profile.
Parameter
Description
Available Profile(s)
A list of already added profiles and their status.
Add/Remove/Edit
Click these buttons to add/ delete/ edit profiles.
Duplicate
Set Default
This is to build up a new profile with the same settings as the
current profile.
To designate a profile as the default network for wireless
connection.
16
3.4.1 Configuring a Profile
Parameter
Profile name
Description
Define a recognizable profile name for you to identify the different
networks.
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique name
identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional merging of
Network Name (SSID)
two co-located WLANs.
You may specify a SSID for the adapter and then only the device
with the same SSID can interconnect with the adapter.
There are two types of wireless networks described below:
This is a
Infrastructure – This operation mode requires the presence of an
computer-to-computer
802.11 Access Point. All communication is done via the Access
(ad-hoc) network;
Point or Router.
wireless access points
Ad Hoc – Connect to another wireless adapter in the Wireless
are not used.
LAN network without going through an Access Point or Router.
If this mode is selected, the adapter will work in Ad Hoc mode.
Channel
This setting is only available for Ad Hoc mode. Select the radio
channel used for the network. The channel setting should be the
17
same with the network you are connecting to.
This setting has to be consistent with the wireless networks that the
adapter intends to connect to.
Open System – No authentication is needed to connect to the
wireless network.
Shared Key – Only wireless stations using a shared key (WEP
Key) are allowed to connect.
WPA 802.1X – WPA provides a scheme for mutual authentication,
using either IEEE 802.1x/Extensible Authentication Protocol
(EAP) authentication or pre-shared key (PSK) technology. It
provides a high level of assurance to enterprise networks, small
businesses and home users that data will remain protected and
Network
Authentication
only authorized users may access their networks. For enterprise
networks that have already deployed IEEE 802.1x authentication,
WPA offers the advantage of leveraging existing authentication
databases and infrastructure.
WPA-PSK – Is a special protected access designed for home and
small business users who do not have access to network
authentication servers. In this mode, known as Pre-Shared Key,
the user manually enters the starting password in their access point
or gateway, as well as in each wireless stations in the network.
WPA-PSK takes over automatically from that point, preventing
unauthorized users that don‟t have the matching password from
joining the network, while encrypting the data traveling between
authorized devices.
WEP 802.1X – It‟s a special mode for using IEEE 802.1x/EAP
technology for authentication and WEP keys for data encryption
Disabled – Disable Data Encryption.
Data Encryption
WEP – Enable WEP Encryption. When selected, you have to
continue setting the WEP Encryption keys.
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the
temporal key every 10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of message
18
transmitted over a network.) This insures much greater security
than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest degree of
security and authenticity for digital information and it is the most
advanced solution defined by IEEE 802.11i for security in wireless
networks.
Note: All devices in a wireless network should use the same
encryption method to ensure proper communication.
WEP Keys can be in ASCII format. Alphanumeric values or signs
ASCII
are allowed to be used for WEP keys. This is more recognizable for
users.
It is a text string with a maximum of 32 alphanumeric characters, for
example: “Test“. The WEP Key is created using the Passphrase
Passphrase
determined by you. This passphrase may not work with other
vendors‟ products due to possible incompatibility with that vendors‟
passphrase generators. You must use the same passphrase or
WEP key settings for all wireless computers within the network.
The keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless
network. Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit – Input 10 Hex digits as the encryption key. For example:
Network Key
“0123456aef“.
128-bit – Input 26 Hex digits as the encryption key. For example:
“01234567890123456789abcdef“.
Confirm Network Key
Enter the same network key to confirm.
Key Index (advanced)
Select one of the four keys to be the data encryption key.
GTC – GTC is an authentication protocol which allows the
exchange of clear text authentication credentials across the
network
.
TLS – TLS is the most secure of the EAP protocols but not easy to
EAP Type
use. It requires that digital certificates be exchanged in the
authentication phase. The server presents a certificate to the client.
After validating the server‟s certificate, the client presents a client
certificate to the server for validation.
LEAP – LEAP is a pre-EAP, Cisco-proprietary protocol, with many
19
of the features of EAP protocols. Cisco controls the ability of other
vendors to implement this protocol, so it should only be selected for
use when limited vendor choice for client, access-point, and server
products is not a concern. When you have set up LEAP
authentication, you have to enter the user name and password of
your computer.
PEAP & TTLS – PEAP and TTLS are similar and easier than TLS,
in the way that they specify a stand-alone authentication protocol
be used within an encrypted tunnel. TTLS supports any protocol
within its tunnel, including CHAP, MSCHAP, MSCHAPv2 and PAP.
PEAP specifies that an EAP-compliant authentication protocol
must be used; this adaptor supports MD5, TLS, GTC (Generic
Token Card) and MSCHAPv2. The client certificate is optional for
the authentication.
Tunnel
Username
Identity
Includes MD5, GTC, TLS, CHAP, MSCHAP, MSCHAP-v2 and
PAP.
The certificate username in the RADIUS server.
User‟s identity in the RADIUS server.
Password
User‟s password in the RADIUS server.
Certificate
The certificate for RADIUS server for certification.
20
3.5 Advanced
The “Advanced” tab enables you to configure more advanced settings, for example: Power
Save, Turbo Mode, Wireless Mode and etc.
Parameter
Description
None – The adapter is always set in active mode.
Min – Switch the adapter to power saving mode when it is
Power Save
Idle (some components of the adapter are still active). In
this mode, the power consumption is more than
“Max“ mode.
Max – Switch adapter to power saving mode when idle
Off – Turn off the turbo mode.
Turbo Mode
On – Turn on the turbo mode.
Auto – The adapter will detect to see if AP is RTL8186-based or
Not. If yes, it will transmit data in turbo mode automatically.
Wireless Mode
802.11 b – This adapter is compatible with both 802.11g and
21
802.11b wireless stations. If there are only 802.11b
wireless stations in the network, you can set the
adapter to this mode.
802.11 g/b – If you have a mix of 802.11b and 802.11g wireless
stations in your network.
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for
communication among wireless stations. There are three
modes including Long, Short and Auto. High network traffic areas
should use the shorter preamble type. If “Auto“ mode is selected,
Preamble
the adapter will auto switch the preamble mode depending on the
wireless stations that the adapter is connecting to.
Note that the parameter is only active in the Ad Hoc operation
mode.
Channel Plan
PSP XLink Mode
Please select local channel from the drop down list
Enable this function to support PSP XLink.
The value defines the maximum size of packets; any packet size
larger than the value will be fragmented. If you have decreased
Fragment Threshold
this value and experience high packet error rates, you can
increase it again, but it will likely decrease overall network
performance. Select a setting within a range of 256 to 2432 bytes.
Minor change is recommended.
Minimum packet size required for an RTS (Request To Send). For
packets smaller than this threshold, an RTS is not sent and the
RTS Threshold
packet is transmitted directly to the wireless network. Select a
setting within a range of 0 to 2432 bytes. Minor change is
recommended.
Set Default
Let the setting values return to default.
Apply
Confirm the settings in the “Advanced“.
22
3.6 Status
This screen shows the information of the chipset manufacturer, driver version, settings of the
wireless network the adapter is connecting to, linking time and link status. If you‟re not sure
about the status of the adapter and the network you are connecting, please go to the screen
for more details.
23
3.7 Statistics
You can get real time information about the packet transmission and receiving status during
wireless communication from the screen. If you want to recount, please click “Reset“.
24
3.8 Wi-Fi Protect Setup
Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) is the latest wireless network technology, which makes wireless
network setup, become very simple. If you have WPS-enabled wireless access point, and you
want to establish a secure connection to it, you don‟t have to configure the wireless access
point and setup data encryption by yourself. All you have to do is to go to the WPS setup page
of this wireless card, click a button, and then press a specific button or enter a set of 8-digit
code on the wireless access point you wish to establish a secure connection - just three simple
steps!
For older wireless access points, it‟s possible to perform a firmware upgrade to become a
WPS-enabled access point. Since they may not have a hardware button to press for WPS
setup, you can use an alternative WPS setup method - input the pin code. Every
WPS-compatible wireless network card supports pin code configuration method; you can just
input the code to wireless access point, and the wireless access point and wireless network
card will do the rest for you.
This wireless network card is compatible with WPS. To use this function, the wireless access
point you wish to connect to must support WPS function too. Now, please follow the following
instructions to establish secure connection between WPS-enabled wireless access point and
your wireless network card.
25
3.8.1 WPS Setup – PIN
If the wireless access point you wish to connect supports PIN, please follow the following
instructions to establish connection to it:
1. Click “Wi-Fi Protect Setup” page
2. The PIN code of your wireless network card is an eight-digit number located at the upper
position of configuration utility. Remember it, and input the number to your wireless access
point as the WPS PIN code (Please refer to the user manual of your wireless access point
for instructions about how to do this)
3. Click „PIN‟ button, device will show the following message. Please click “Yes” to search
router/access point.
4. It will show the router/access point name with enabled WPS function in the list. Select the
AP Name and click “Select” to continue the process.
26
5. It will start WPS process, please wait from a few second to two minutes. If wireless
router/access point with correct code is found, you‟ll be connected to that router/access
point.
27
6. After configuring successfully, you will see connection information in the “General” page.
28
3.8.2 WPS Setup – PBC (Push Button Configuration)
1. Click “Wi-Fi Protect Setup” page
2. Click “PBC” button to start WPS process.
3. Start PBC pairing procedure at access point side (please refer to the instruction given by
your access point‟s manufacturer), then click „PBC‟ button in wireless configuration utility
to start to establish wireless connection by WPS. Please be patient (This may require
several seconds to one minute to complete).
29
4. After configuring successfully, you will see connection information in the “General” page.
30
3.9 Software AP
This adapter can run as a wireless AP. The relative configurations of the AP including channel,
SSID, WEP encryption and so on are described below.
Parameter
Description
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique name
identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional merging of
two co-located WLANs.
SSID
The default SSID of the AP is Full Computer Name + “_AP“.
Wireless adapters connecting to the AP should set up the same
SSID as the AP.
BSSID
Association Table
Config
Displays the MAC address of the adapter.
All the wireless adapters connected to the software AP will be
displayed in the list.
Click “Config“ for configuring more settings on the AP.
31
3.9.1 AP Properties Setting
Parameter
Profile name
Description
Define a recognizable profile name for you to identify different
networks.
The SSID (up to 32 printable ASCII characters) is the unique name
identified in a WLAN. The ID prevents the unintentional merging of
Network Name (SSID)
two co-located WLANs.
You may specify a SSID for the adapter and then only the device
with the same SSID can interconnect with the adapter.
Channel
This setting is only available for Ad Hoc mode. Select the channel
number used for the network. The channel setting should be the
32
same with the network you are connecting to.
This setting has to be consistent with the wireless networks that
the adapter intends to connect to.
Open System – No authentication is needed to connect to the
wireless network.
Shared Key – Only wireless stations using a shared key (WEP
Key) are allowed to connect to each other.
WPA-PSK – Is a special protected access designed for home and
Network
Authentication
small business users who do not have access to network
authentication servers. In this mode, known as Pre-Shared Key,
the user manually enters the starting password in their access
point or gateway, as well as in each wireless stations in the
network. WPA-PSK takes over automatically from that point,
preventing unauthorized users that don‟t have the matching
password from joining the network, while encrypting the data
traveling between authorized devices.
WPA2-PSK – WPA2-PSK is also for home and small businesses.
The difference between WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK is that
WPA2-PSK provides data encryption via AES. In contrast,
WPA-PSK uses Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP).
Disabled – Disable the WEP Encryption.
WEP – Enable WEP Encryption. When WEP is selected, you have
to continue setting the WEP keys.
TKIP – TKIP (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol) changes the
temporal key every 10,000 packets (a packet is a kind of message
Data Encryption
transmitted over a network.) This insures much greater security
than the standard WEP security.
AES – AES has been developed to ensure the highest degree of
security and authenticity for digital information and it is the most
advanced solution defined by IEEE 802.11i for security in wireless
networks.
Note: All devices in the network should use the same encryption
method to ensure proper communication.
33
ASCII
WEP Keys can be in ASCII format. Alphanumeric values or signs
are allowed to be used. This format is more recognizable for users.
It is a text string with a maximum of 32 alphanumeric characters,
for example: “Test“. The WEP Key is created based on the
Passphrase
Passphrase entered. This passphrase may not work with other
vendors‟ products due to possible incompatibility with their
passphrase generators. You must use the same passphrase or
WEP key settings for all wireless computers within the network.
The keys are used to encrypt data transmitted in the wireless
network. Fill the text box by following the rules below.
64-bit – Input 10 Hex digits as the encryption key. For example:
Network Key
“0123456aef“.
128-bit – Input 26 Hex digits as the encryption key. For example:
“01234567890123456789abcdef“.
Confirm Network Key
Enter the same network key to confirm.
Key Index (advanced)
Select one of the four keys to be the data encryption key.
34
3.9.2 AP Advanced
Parameter
Description
Beacon Interval specifies the duration between beacon packets
Beacon Interval
(milliseconds). The range for the beacon period is between
20-1000 milliseconds with a typical value of 100.
DTIM Period
Determines the interval the Access Point will send its broadcast
traffic. Default value is 3 beacons.
The preamble defines the length of the CRC block for
communication among wireless stations. There are three mode
Preamble Mode
including Long, Short and Auto. High network traffic areas should
use the shorter preamble type. If “Auto“ mode is selected, the AP
will auto switch the preamble mode depending on the wireless
adapters.
Set Default
Apply
Set values to defaults.
Confirm settings in the “Advanced“.
35
3.9.3 AP Statistics
You can get real time information about the packet transmission and receiving status from this
screen. If you want to restart the counters, please click“Reset“.
36
3.9.4 ICS
If you want to connect to the Internet through this SoftAP, you will need to make a bridge
between the SoftAP and your Internet connection device. Select the Internet connection in
your SoftAP host machine and press the “Apply” button.
37
Chapter 4 Set Wizard
The Set Wizard can help users to connect to a wireless LAN or build an Ad-hoc wireless
network.
For example, if you want to connect to a wireless LAN in infrastructure mode:
A. Open the Set Wizard and choose the Station (infrastructure) mode.
38
B. The site survey results will show up. Please select the SSID you‟d like to connect to and
click the “Next” button.
C. In the Wireless network properties dialog, please fill in the security settings for this wireless
network you‟d like to connect to.
39
D. Please fill related IP information for this wireless network and click the “Finish” button.
40
E. Now you can connect to the wireless network successfully.
41
Chapter 5 Glossary
1. What is the IEEE 802.11g standard?
802.11g is an IEEE standard for high-speed wireless LAN communications that provides
up to 54 Mbps data rate in the 2.4 GHz band. 802.11g is the mainstream wireless LAN
technology for home, office and public networks.
802.11g define the use of the same OFDM modulation technique specified in IEEE
802.11a for the 5 GHz frequency band and applies it in the same 2.4 GHz frequency band
as IEEE 802.11b. The 802.11g standard require backward compatibility with 802.11b.
The standard specifically calls for:
A. A new physical layer for the 802.11 Medium Access Control (MAC) in the 2.4 GHz
frequency band, known as the extended rate PHY (ERP). The ERP adds OFDM as a
mandatory new coding scheme for 6, 12 and 24 Mbps (mandatory speeds), and 18, 36,
48 and 54 Mbps (optional speeds). The ERP includes the modulation schemes found in
802.11b including CCK for 11 and 5.5 Mbps and Barker code modulation for 2 and 1
Mbps.
B. A protection mechanism called RTS/CTS that governs how 802.11g devices and
802.11b devices interoperate.
2. What is the IEEE 802.11b standard?
The IEEE 802.11b Wireless LAN standard subcommittee, which formulates the standard
for the industry. The objective is to enable wireless LAN hardware from different
manufactures to communicate.
3. What does IEEE 802.11 feature support?
The product supports the following IEEE 802.11 functions:


CSMA/CA plus Acknowledge Protocol
Multi-Channel Roaming
Automatic Rate Selection
RTS/CTS Feature
Fragmentation

Power Management



4.
What is Ad-hoc?
An Ad-hoc integrated wireless LAN is a group of computers, each has a Wireless LAN
card, Connected as an independent wireless LAN. Ad hoc wireless LAN is applicable at a
departmental scale for a branch or SOHO operation.
5.
What is Infrastructure?
An integrated wireless and wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure
6.
configuration. Infrastructure is applicable to enterprise scale for wireless access to central
database, or wireless application for mobile workers.
What is BSS ID?
42
A specific Ad hoc LAN is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). Computers in a BSS must be
configured with the same BSS ID.
7.
What is WEP?
WEP is Wired Equivalent Privacy, a data privacy mechanism based on a 40 bit shared
key algorithm, as described in the IEEE 802 .11 standard.
8.
What is TKIP?
TKIP is a quick-fix method to quickly overcome the inherent weaknesses in WEP security,
especially the reuse of encryption keys. TKIP is involved in the IEEE 802.11i WLAN
security standard, and the specification might be officially released by early 2003.
9.
What is AES?
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), a chip-based security, has been developed to
ensure the highest degree of security and authenticity for digital information, wherever
and however communicated or stored, while making more efficient use of hardware
and/or software than previous encryption standards. It is also included in IEEE 802.11i
standard. Compare with AES, TKIP is a temporary protocol for replacing WEP security
until manufacturers implement AES at the hardware level.
10. Can Wireless products support printer sharing?
Wireless products perform the same function as LAN products. Therefore, Wireless
products can work with Netware, Windows 2000, or other LAN operating systems to
support printer or file sharing.
11. Would the information be intercepted while transmitting on air?
WLAN features two-fold protection in security. On the hardware side, as with Direct
Sequence Spread Spectrum technology, it has the inherent security feature of scrambling.
On the software side, WLAN series offer the encryption function (WEP) to enhance
security and Access Control. Users can set it up depending upon their needs.
12. What is DSSS? What is FHSS? And what are their differences?
Frequency-hopping spread-spectrum (FHSS) uses a narrowband carrier that changes
frequency in a pattern that is known to both transmitter and receiver. Properly
synchronized, the net effect is to maintain a single logical channel. To an unintended
receiver, FHSS appears to be short-duration impulse noise. Direct-sequence
spread-spectrum (DSSS) generates a redundant bit pattern for each bit to be transmitted.
This bit pattern is called a chip (or chipping code). The longer the chip is, the greater the
probability that the original data can be recovered. Even if one or more bits in the chip are
damaged during transmission, statistical techniques embedded in the radio can recover
the original data without-the need for retransmission. To an unintended receiver, DSSS
appears as low power wideband noise and is rejected (ignored) by most narrowband
receivers.
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13. What is Spread Spectrum?
Spread Spectrum technology is a wideband radio frequency technique developed by the
military for use in reliable, secure, mission-critical communication systems. It is designed
to trade off bandwidth efficiency for reliability, integrity, and security. In other words, more
bandwidth is consumed than in the case of narrowband transmission, but the trade off
produces a signal that is, in effect, louder and thus easier to detect, provided that the
receiver knows the parameters of the spread-spectrum signal being broadcast. If a
receiver is not tuned to the right frequency, a spread –spectrum signal looks like
background noise. There are two main alternatives, Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
(DSSS) and Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum (FHSS).
14. What is WPS?
WPS stands for Wi-Fi Protected Setup. It provides a simple way to automatically establish
unencrypted or encrypted connections between wireless clients and access point. User
can press a software or hardware button to activate WPS function, and WPS-compatible
wireless clients and access point will establish connection by themselves. There are two
types of WPS: PBC (Push-Button Configuration) and PIN code.
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