5953 e 5954 self-actuated pressure control valves

5953 e 5954 self-actuated pressure control valves
Pagina 1 di 8
7C.400-E
Ed. 6 IT - 2010
Self Operated Pressure Control Valves 5953 and 5954
Description
Fluxotrol self operated pressure control valves are used for the
pressure control of liquids, steam and gases without the use of
instruments and auxiliary operating fluids.
They are provided with 595 actuators fitted on double seated valve
bodies (model 3 and 4).
These regulators are very simple and reliable in operation and do not
require frequent maintenance even under severe working conditions.
Being spring and diaphragm operated with proportional action, the
controlled pressure can change slightly due to load or operating
pressure varations.
When higher accuracy of controlled pressure is required, particular
care must be used in sizing the valve and in selecting the control
range.
According to the combination "actuator and body", following types
of valves can be obtained:
Self operated pressure reducing valves:
• 5953 - double seated
Self operated pressure relief valves:
• 5954 - double seated
Fig. 1 - Pressure reducing valve
Fig. 2 - Pressure relief valve
Local regulations may restrict the use of this product to below the conditions quoted.
In the interest of development and improvement of the product, we reserve the right to change the specification.
© Copyright 2010
Pagina 2 di 8
Fig. 3 - 5953 pressure reducing valve
Table 1 - Characteristics
BODY
type
connections
sizes
materials
TRIM
- globe double seated
materials
- steel body: flanged UNI PN16-25-40
flanged ANSI 150-300
-
-
from 1" (DN25) to 6" (DN150)
for double seated type
carbon steel EN 10213-2 GP 240 GH
(ASTM A216 Gr. WCB)
stuffing box
packing
- standard for temperature up to 250°C
- PTFE rings (standard)
- graphite rings
stainless steel AISI316
stainless steel AISI316 stellite faced
Viton (max 90°C) or PTFE (max 180°C)
soft inserts on plugs
plugs
- for throtting service
ports
- full size, standard
- reduced (for ≥ DN32 double seated valves)
type
ACTUATOR
- diaphragm operated
action
bonnet
-
-
-
yoke
materials
diaphragm
materials
diaphragm case
materials
accessories
- direct (pressure pushes down)
- cast iron (standard)
- carbon steel (on request)
- NBR
- cast iron size 150
- pressed steel for sizes 250 to 400
- handweel for manual operation and valve
travel stop (top mounted)
- valve travel limit microswitches
- positions trasmitter
Self operated pressure control valves 5953 and 5954
7C.400-E Ed. 6 IT
Pagina 3 di 8
•
•
•
•
•
•
maximum controlled pressure: 10 bar g
minimum controlled pressure: 0.1 bar g
pressure drop not less than 20% of the inlet pressure
inlet pressure and flow rate not involving wide variations
maximum recommented size DN100 (4") when wide flow rate
variations are involved.
maximum pressure drop as follows:
Table 2 -Maximum allowable differential
pressures in bar g
Port size inches
5953
5954
1"
40
1 ¼"
35
1 ½"
30
2"
25
2 ½"
20
3"
15
4"
10
5"
5
6"
3
Series "I" valves: valve bodies 3-4 type have PN40 or ANSI300
rating on C steel executions (maximum working temperature 425°C;
over 500°C on stainless executions).
Materials and operating limits
(for body, bonnet, bottom flange, fins and extension)
Pressure (bar g)
Valve bodies may be made of carbon steel. Maximum operating
temperatures given below may be limited by the use of "O" rings or
soft insert on the plugs to obtain a tight shut-off (max. 180°C).
Saturated steam
Temperature °C
Fig. 4 - Maximum allowable pressures according to UNI and ANSI
standards: valves with cast iron DIN1691 GG25
(ASTM A 126 Class C) bodies
Steels
Design limitations regarding the use of carbon steel are given in the
graph fig. 5 and table 3.
Carbon steel EN 10213-2 GP 240 GH/ASTM A 216 Grade WCB
This type of steel is used mainly with gas, air, water, hydrocarbons
and saturated or superheated steam. This metal possesses good
welding properties and therefore may be used for valves with welding
ends. Carbon steel can be used for temperature ranging from -29°C
to 425°C. A quality of this type of steel is that it can be welded easily;
so it's particularly suitable for valves with welding ends.
Pressure (bar g)
For both applications, reducing or relief, the principle of operation
is similar.
Controlled pressure in applied above the diaphragm (see fig. 3). This
pressure is balanced by the spring preset for the desired working
pressure.
Any difference in the controlled pressure, in respect to the set
pressure modifies the force balance between diaphragm and spring
thus producing a movement of the inner valve and consequently a
change in flow restoring the controlled pressure.
The principle of operation is shown in fig. 1 and 2 compared with the
sectional views of valve shown in fig. 3.
For both applications (reducing and relief) the use of double seated
valves is more advisable with the advantage of higher sensitivity and
accuracy of operation. If the minimun flow rate decreases to very low
values, that are below the maximum allowed leakage (0.5% of KV) of
double seated valves to discharge the overpressure. To guarantee
perfect tightness at no flow, special inner valves with seft ring can
be supplied with restriction on maximum operating temperature.
To ensure a good perfomance of the self-operating control valves,
following limits of operating conditions are recommended:
Saturated steam
Control valve characteristics selection
Valve is composed of different parts which must be selected or sized
and combined with one another so as obtain characteristics suitable to
resist erosion an corrosion and to meet process control requirements.
Proper selection of vale body material and style according to ANSI
or UNI standards will be made taking into consideration pressure,
temperature and type of fluid, by using the charts of figures 4 and 5,
table 3 and pertinent data given for each material.
The type of bonnet and the proper packing for stuffing box will be then
selected; operating limits are shown on the next pages.
According to the process requirements (pressure reduction or relief)
and the range of required flow, the valve will be selected taking into
consideration the maximum leakage through the closed valve in
relation to the plug style; then the proper port size will be selected
using formulae and data on pages 4 and 5.
Connections and valve body size will be the same as inner port size
provided that fluid velocity is kept within acceptable limits (for instance
200÷220 m/sec for steam), otherwise valve body with reduced port
(up to 50% of the nominal size) has to be used.
According to the required control pressure range, the proper actuator
size will be selected and the required operating spring as well using
table 6.
If required by the process control system, other accessories may
have to be added such as handwheel for manual operation, limit
microswitches, position transmitter, etc.
Temperature °C
Fig. 5 - Maximum allowable pressures according to UNI and ANSI
standards: valves with carbon steel EN 10213-2 GP
240 GH/ASTM A216 Gr. WCB bodies
Self operated pressure control valves 5953 and 5954
7C.400-E Ed. 6 IT
Pagina 4 di 8
Table 3 - Maximum allowable pressures in bar g according to ANSI standards:
valves with carbon steel, (ASTM A216 Gr.WCB) bodies
ANSI150
ASTM
A216
WCB
19.6
19.2
17.7
15.8
14
12.1
10.2
8.4
7.4
6.5
5.6
Operating temperature °C
-29÷38
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
375
400
425
ANSI300
ASTM
A216
WCB
51.1
50.1
46.4
45.2
43.8
41.7
38.7
37
36.5
34.5
28.8
Bonnet
The valve body bonnet is available in three styles with different
packings for the stuffing box which must be selected according to
the operating conditions:
• Standard bonnet for fluid temperatures ranging from -5°C
(for series 25 valves) or -10°C (for "I" valves) to 250°C.
See figures 8 and 9.
Stuffing box packing
Stuffing box packing are the following:
• PTFE/graphite rings: this is the most commonly used type; it can be
used with fluid at a maximum temperature of 230°C and maximum
pressure of 40 bar g. See fig. 8.
• Graphite rings: used with temperature from 230°C to 350°C for
series 25 valves or 500°C for "I" valves (with finned bonnet over
250°C). See fig. 9 and 10.
Fig. 6 - Standard bonnet
and stuffing box packed
with PTFE rings
Fig. 7 - Standard bonnet
and stuffing box packed
with graphite rings
Construction materials
The selection of the proper valve body materials and style of construction are dependent on the operating conditions particularly when erosive
and/or corrosive conditions are involved. Standard versions are shown in table 4. Special versions are available to meet specific application
requirements.
Table 4 - Construction materials
Body, bonnet,
bottom flange,
fins and
extension
Plugs*
and seats
carbon steel
AISI316
(stellite,
facing, on
request)
Stem
Plugs
guide
bushings
Plugs
guide
posts
Piston
guide
cilinder
hardened
AISI316
AISI316
stainless
AISI316
rolled
(stellite,
steel (stellite
rolled
(stellite,
faced beat,
facing, on
on request) on request)
request)
Balancing
piston **
Stuffing
box
lantern
Stuffing box
adjusting
nut
Body
bolts
Body
gaskets
AISI316
galvanized
steel
(AISI316,
on request)
galvanized
steel
(AISI316,
on request)
class 8G
carbon
steel
(AISI316,
on
request)
asbestos
free
up to 200°C
graphite
(PTFE up
T≤ 185°C,
on request)
*
Plugs, with some pressure limitation, can be fitted with a viton insert for process temperatures up to 90°C and with PTFE insert for
temperatures up to 180°C.
** With EPDM sealing ring for temperatures up to 90°C and PTFE/graphite ring up to 180°C (graphite ring is used for higher temperatures).
Plug and port
Plugs are of PT double are made of stainless steel and can be stellite
faced against wear. Every plug can be fitted with soft insert for tight
shut-off, thus slightly reducing the Kv.
Series 595 control valves are normally provided with full size port to
assure the maximum flow-capacity.
On some applications reduced port valves must be used, for instance,
to reduce flow velocity and excessive wear; valves can therefore be
supplied with reduced port on request; the minimum available reduced port size corresponds to 50% of the valve body nominal size: for
example a DN 100 (4") valve cannot be filled with a reduced port size
less than 2". With metal to metal seating the maximum leakage with
closed valve is 0.01% of KV (0.5% for double port valves and 0.1%
for single seated valves with balanced plug); leakage can be reduced
to 0.005% of Kv (0.25% for double port valves and 0.02% for single
seated valves with balanced plug) if the seating surfaces are stellite
faced and accurately grinded. For operating temperatures up to 180°C,
with some pressure limitation and when plugs are fitted with Viton or
PTFE soft insert, perfect tightness is assured.
Fig. 8 - Type PT double plug
Self operated pressure control valves 5953 and 5954
7C.400-E Ed. 6 IT
Pagina 5 di 8
Valve sizing
To select valve nominal diameter (or port diameter if valves with reducing), first calculate thel flow rate coefficient KV according to actual
operating conditions for the fluids by using the following formulae. On the basis of selected plug type, determine the valve size from size tables
5 and verify that fluid velocity is kept within acceptable limits (200÷220 m/sec for steam).
Correction factors Fs for superheated steam
In the case of superheated steam introduce the following correction
factors which take into account the superheating temperature:
LIQUIDS
Kv = Q d
∆P
25° C - coeff. 1.03
50° C - coeff. 1.06
75°C - coeff. 1.09
100° C - coeff. 1.12
150°C- coeff. 1.18
200°C- coeff. 1.24
250°C- coeff. 1.30
300°C- coeff. 1.36
where:
Q [m3/h] = flow rate in m3/h at operating temperature
d [kg/dm3] = relative density of liquid (at operating temperature)
∆P [bar] = pressure drop across the valve
The superheating temperature is the difference in temperature in
°C between the superheated steam and the saturated steam at
valve inlet pressure.
Correction factors for viscous liquids
For viscous liquids, multiply KV values calculated from the above
formula by the following correction factors which are based on the
viscosity expressed in degrees Engler:
GAS
2° E - coeff. 1.06
5° E - coeff. 1.18
10° E - coeff. 1.28
15° E - coeff. 1.32
30°E- coeff. 1.38
50°E- coeff. 1.47
100°E- coeff. 1.60
150°E- coeff. 1.68
1st case: Absolute outlet pressure is greater than 53% of
absolute inlet pressure:
Kv =
Q
480.4
√
d.T
∆P.P
2
STEAM
1st case: Absolute outlet pressure is greater than 58% (55% for
superheated steam) of absolute inlet pressure:
for saturated steam
Kv =
for superheated steam
Q
Kv = Fs
18.05 √∆P . P1
Q
17.44 √∆P . P1
where:
Q [kg/h] = flow rate
∆P [bar]= pressure drop across the valve
P1 [bar abs]= absolute inlet pressure of steam
Fs
= correction factor for superheated steam
2nd case: Absolute outlet pressure is equal or less than 58% (55%
for superheated steam) of absolute inlet pressure (critical flow):
for saturated steam
Kv = Q
11.7 P1
where:
Q [Nm3/h] = flow rate
∆P [bar] = pressure drop across the valve
P2 [bar abs] = absolute outlet pressure of gas
d = specific gravity of gas relative to air normal conditions
(e.g. methane = 0.5545)
T [K] = absolute temperature (T in °C + 273)
2nd case: Absolute outlet pressure is equal or less than 53% of
absolute inlet pressure (critical flow):
Kv =
Q
239.8 P1
√d.T
where:
P1 [bar abs] = absolute inlet pressure
for superheated steam
Q
Kv = Fs
11.7 P1
Self operated pressure control valves 5953 and 5954
7C.400-E Ed. 6 IT
Pagina 6 di 8
Table 5 - KV flow rate coefficients for 5953 and 5954 valves
Nominal diameter and port size
DN25
1"
DN32
1 ¼"
DN40
1 ½"
DN50
2"
DN65
2 ½"
10.3
16.2
22
31
41
DN80
3"
DN100
4"
DN125
5"
DN150
6"
50
82
106
128
KV flow rate coefficients are expressed in metric units (KV = water flow rate in m /h with 1 bar g differential pressure). To convert KV into
American CV (water flow rate in gpm with differential pressure of 1 psi) multiply KV values by 1.17.
To determine flow coefficient with reduced port valves read the KV corresponding to the effective size of the port.
The use of soft insert on plugs slightly reduces the KV.
3
Actuators
Reducing
valves
Spring
"
"
"
"
VI - 509
VI - 508
VI - 507
VI - 505
VI - 504
8 - 10.5
7 - 9.5
4 - 7.5
3.5 - 6
2 - 3.5
1.7 - 3.4
1.4 - 2.8
0.7 - 2.1
0.7 - 1.4
0.6 - 1.2
0.3 - 0.9
0.2 - 0.6
0.15 - 0.4
Relief
valves
Table 6 - Actuators specifications and controlled pressure ranges in bar g
Spring
"
"
"
"
VI - 509
VI - 508
VI - 507
VI - 505
VI - 504
7 - 10.5
6.5 - 8
3.8 - 6.3
3.3 - 5
1.9 - 3.3
1 - 2.5
0.8 - 2
0.5 - 1.5
0.4 - 1
0.35 - 0.8
0.25 - 0.7
0.2 - 0.5
0.15 - 0.35
150/A1
250/A1
400/A1
Effective working area (cm )
83
295
670
Maximum allowable pressure
on diaphragm casing (bar g)
15
3.5
3
Actuator size
2
Note: The pressure ranges above listed do not take into consiaeratlon the dynamic pressure unbalance due to the pressure drops and the
weight of plugs.
Self operated pressure control valves 5953 and 5954
7C.400-E Ed. 6 IT
Pagina 7 di 8
Dimensions
D
Table 7 - Dimensions of actuators (mm)
Actuator
size
150/A1
D
E
F
200
401
136
250/A1
285
422
164
400/A1
405
455
211
D
Note: Overall dimensions of complete valve may be obtained by
adding body dimensions to actuator dimensions.
*
*
* F
*
F
E
E
Fig. 9 - Size 150/A1 actuator
Fig. 10 - Size 250/A1 - 400/A1
* Pressure connection size: ½" NPT (female)
Table 8 - Dimensions of valve bodies models 3 and 4 (mm)
Dimensions
Valve rating
A
UNI PN16-25-40
ANSI 150-300
B
Body material
Valve nominal diameter
DN25
DN32
DN40
DN50
DN65
DN80 DN100 DN125 DN150
steels
196
212
234
266
292
317
368
425
473
UNI PN16-25-40
ANSI 150-300
steels
118
128
145
161
185
194
242
265
291
C
for standard
bonnet
UNI PN16-25-40
ANSI 150-300
steels
139
149
167
183
212
221
263
316
341
G
UNI PN16-25-40
ANSI 150-300
steels
98
106
117
133
138
143
162
193
202
Note: Dimensions A for flanged valves applies also to valves with butt welding or socket welding ends.
C
B
G
A
Fig. 11 - Valve bodies model 3 and 4
Self operated pressure control valves 5953 and 5954
7C.400-E Ed. 6 IT
Pagina 8 di 8
Via per Cinisello, 18 - 20054 Nova Milanese (MB)
Tel.: 0362 49 17.1 - Fax: 0362 49 17 307
7C.400-E Ed. 6 IT - 2010.09
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