Emtron dx-3 Specifications

Emtron dx-3 Specifications
OPERATING MANUAL
EMTRON DX-3
HF LINEAR AMPLIFIER
April 2005
Emtron
DIVISION OF EMONA ELECTRONICS PTY. LTD.
92-94 Wentworth Avenue, Sydney 2010, Australia
Tel. +612 92110988 Fax +612 92811508
www.emtron.com.au
DX-3, Serial No…………
INITIAL SETTINGS FOR PLATE AND LOAD
CAPACITORS
TEST
BAND
FREQUENCY
FACTORY SETTINGS
USER SETTINGS
50 OHM LOAD
ANTENNA
PLATE
28.600 MHz
10m
24.900 MHz
12m
21.200 MHz
15m
18.100 MHz
17m
14.200 MHz
20m
10.125 MHz
30m
7.070 MHz
40m
3.600 MHz
80m
1.800MHz
160m
1.850 MHz
160m
1.900 MHz
160m
LOAD
TABLE 1
2
PLATE
LOAD
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1
GENERAL DESCRIPTION..................................................................................................................................................... 5
1.1
DX-3 – INTERNAL VIEW ...................................................................................................................................................... 6
2
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................................................................... 7
3
UNPACKING ............................................................................................................................................................................ 8
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
OPENING THE CARTON ......................................................................................................................................................... 8
OPENING THE DX-3 COVER .................................................................................................................................................. 8
INSTALLING THE TRANSFORMER .......................................................................................................................................... 8
INSTALLATION ENVIRONMENT....................................................................................................................................... 9
4.1
4.2
5
REQUIRED ENVIRONMENT .................................................................................................................................................... 9
POWER REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................................................................................................ 9
REAR PANEL ........................................................................................................................................................................... 9
5.1
5.2
5.3
6
POWER / EARTH CONNECTIONS ............................................................................................................................................ 9
RF CONNECTIONS ............................................................................................................................................................... 10
TRANSCEIVER CONTROL..................................................................................................................................................... 10
FRONT PANEL ...................................................................................................................................................................... 10
6.1
6.2
7
CONTROLS ......................................................................................................................................................................... 10
DISPLAYS ........................................................................................................................................................................... 11
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS.......................................................................................................................................... 12
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
8
CONNECTIONS TO TRANSCEIVER / EXCITER ....................................................................................................................... 12
EARTH AND MAINS CONNECTIONS ...................................................................................................................................... 12
TERMINATING THE POWER CABLE (EXPORT VERSION)........................................................................................................ 12
OPERATION AT 230V, 220V, 200V (EXPORT VERSION) ...................................................................................................... 12
DX-3 DESCRIPTION ............................................................................................................................................................. 13
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
9
RF SECTION ....................................................................................................................................................................... 13
MAINS TRANSFORMER........................................................................................................................................................ 14
H. V. POWER SUPPLY ......................................................................................................................................................... 14
SOFT START MODULE ......................................................................................................................................................... 14
SENSOR MODULE ................................................................................................................................................................ 14
ANTENNA RELAY / QSK MODULE ...................................................................................................................................... 14
DISPLAY BOARD ................................................................................................................................................................. 14
CONTROLLER BOARD ......................................................................................................................................................... 14
POWERING UP ...................................................................................................................................................................... 16
10
OPERATION....................................................................................................................................................................... 16
10.1 TUNNING PROCEDURE ................................................................................................................................................ 16
10.1.1 General...................................................................................................................................................................... 16
10.1.2 Preliminary tuning..................................................................................................................................................... 16
10.1.3 Final tuning ............................................................................................................................................................... 17
10.1.4. Potential problems during tuning.................................................................................................................................. 18
10.2 ALC ADJUSTMENT ........................................................................................................................................................ 18
10.3 USING YOUR DX-3......................................................................................................................................................... 19
10.3.1 CW / RTTY and all digital modes .............................................................................................................................. 19
10.3.2 Voice modes (SSB)..................................................................................................................................................... 19
10.3.3 Hints on good linearity and efficiency....................................................................................................................... 19
11
SWITCHING THE POWER OFF..................................................................................................................................... 20
12
TROUBLESHOOTING - IF SOMETHING GOES WRONG........................................................................................ 20
12.1
12.2
12.3
NO POWER .......................................................................................................................................................................... 20
FAN NOT WORKING............................................................................................................................................................. 20
IF THE FAULT LIGHT TURNS ON ........................................................................................................................................ 20
3
12.4
12.5
12.6
12.7
12.8
12.9
12.10
OVER-TEMPERATURE CUT-OFF ........................................................................................................................................... 20
OVER-CURRENT CUT-OFF ................................................................................................................................................... 21
IG2 BLINKS FAST - NO PLATE VOLTAGE .............................................................................................................................. 21
SPARKS / DISCHARGES IN RF AREA .................................................................................................................................... 21
SWR CUT-OFF .................................................................................................................................................................... 21
FREQUENT OVER-DRIVE PROTECTION CUT-OFF .................................................................................................................. 21
TUBE REPLACEMENT ...................................................................................................................................................... 21
13
WARRANTY / SERVICE .................................................................................................................................................. 21
14
GLOSSARY......................................................................................................................................................................... 22
15
APPENDIX 1: SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS ..................................................................................................................... 23
15.1 DX-3 BLOCK DIAGRAM ..................................................................................................................................................... 23
15.2 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM – HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY.............................................................................................. 24
15.3 CONTROL BOARD AND ADJUSTMENT POINTS..................................................................................................................... 25
15.4 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM – AC INPUT AND WIRING DIAGRAM – STANDARD ..................................................................... 26
15.5 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM – AC INPUT AND WIRING DIAGRAM – U.S. VERSION ................................................................. 27
15.6 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM – SOFT START (200 TO 240 V OPERATION) ................................................................................. 28
15.7 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM – QSK ................................................................................................................................................. 29
15.8 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM – RF MODULE................................................................................................................................... 30
15.9 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM – CONTROL BOARD ........................................................................................................................ 32
15.10
CONTROL BOARD – COMPONENT LEGEND (SILKSCREEN TOP) ................................................................................ 33
CONTROL BOARD – SOLDER SIDE TRACK WORK............................................................................................................................ 34
16
16.1
16.2
17
APPENDIX 2: WAVEFORMS .......................................................................................................................................... 35
QSK (OPTIONAL MODULE) SWITCHING.............................................................................................................................. 35
LINEARITY ......................................................................................................................................................................... 35
APPENDIX 3: ADJUSTMENTS ....................................................................................................................................... 36
17.1 CONTROL BOARD ......................................................................................................................................................... 36
17.1.1 PRE-BIAS ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT7, marked PRE_BIAS)....................................................................... 36
17.1.2 BIAS ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT3, marked BIAS)......................................................................................... 36
17.1.3 SWR Protection adjustment ....................................................................................................................................... 37
17.1.4 EBS ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT4, marked EBS). .......................................................................................... 37
17.1.5 SCREEN VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT2, marked SCREEN) ......................................................... 38
17.1.6 SCREEN CURRENT LIMIT ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT1, IG2LIMIT)........................................................ 38
17.1.7 IPTRIP ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT6, marking: IP TRIP) ............................................................................. 38
17.2 DISPLAY BOARD ADJUSTMENTS .............................................................................................................................. 40
17.2.1 PLATE CURRENT (Adjustment: VR4, Marked: AMP) ............................................................................................. 40
17.2.2 PLATE VOLTATE (Adjustment: VR2, marked: VOLT)............................................................................................. 40
17.2.3 REFLECTED POWER (Adjustment: VR3, marked: RF R) ....................................................................................... 40
17.2.4 FORWARD POWER (Adjustment: VR1, marked: RF F)........................................................................................... 41
17.2.5 SCREEN CURRENT (Adjustment: VR6, marked IG2+, VR5, marked IG2-) ............................................................ 41
17.3 RF SENSOR ADJUSTMENT ........................................................................................................................................... 42
4
DX-3 LINEAR AMPLIFIER
Serial No
…………
OPERATING MANUAL
April 2005
CAUTION
The DX-3 has been designed for 100% safe operation and long life. Interlocking
sensing circuitry constantly monitors conditions inside the amplifier. It must be
noted however, that the high voltages present inside the DX-3 are EXTREMELY
DANGEROUS. Do not remove the top cover under any circumstances if any leads
are still plugged into the rear of the amplifier - especially if the AC lead is plugged in
the power outlet. Before any component inside the high voltage, power
supply or output section is touched, unplug all rear panel leads and
allow at least 5 minutes of 'off time'. After that, you should further check this
by momentarily shorting the tube anode to the chassis with a suitable insulated lead.
1 GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The Emtron DX-3 Linear Amplifier is a 3000 watt average output power, for the 160m through 10m amateur bands (9 bands),
housed in a desk-top cabinet with self-contained power supply and cooling system.
It utilises a single high performance tetrode, type GU78B (4CX3000A), a ceramic metal tube with a plate dissipation of 2500W.
The tube is air cooled by a commercial grade forced air turbine blower system under the chassis and a computer type fan sucking
air and positioned above the tube. Both fans operate at two speeds, controlled by a temperature sensor.
Tetrodes offer exceptionally stable operation and levels of quality performance far exceeding that which can be expected from
triodes. The harmonic output and intermodulation distortion achieved with this tube are exceptionally low. This is especially
important when dealing with a high output power.
The Emtron DX-3 is supplied as standard with a host of features including solid state metering, comprehensive protection systems
and very long duty cycle.
In addition, a unique Emtron QSK module allows for extremely rapid switching times between transmit and receive, with
consequent advantages when using CW or the digital modes. QSK is standard in all DX-3 amplifiers.
Operation of the DX-3 is greatly simplified by the absence of meter switching, mechanical display and front panel level setting
controls. The front panel moving LED display systems indicate simultaneously: the output forward and reverse power, screen grid
current (positive and negative), the plate voltage and the plate current, while 5 single LED’s indicate: Ready, Overdrive warning,
High SWR cut-off indication, On Air and Fault.
The Emtron Electronic Bias Switch (EBS) automatically switches the standing current (typically 0.75 A) off when there is no
modulation. This reduces the average tube dissipation.
On initial switch on, the unique Emtron "soft start" circuitry ensures that no damaging AC surge currents are generated.
Professional, fine output tuning adjustment is possible, due to the 6: 1 reduction mechanism fitted.
5
1.1 DX-3 – Internal View
The main components of a DX-3 amplifier are shown in the picture below.
BLOWER
RF SENSOR
Temperature Sensor
QSK
RF CHOKE
SOFT START
CONTROL
BOARD
Tetrode GU78B
(4CX3000)
TERMINAL BLOCK,
SOFT START
HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLY
SAFETY
MICORSWITCH
TANK COIL
10-30 m
DISPLAY
TANK COIL
40 -160 m
POWER
ON / OFF
BAND
SWITCH
STANDBY /
OPERATE
SWITCH
BAND
SELECTOR
PLATE
TUNING
LOAD
TUNING
6
2 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
FREQUENCY COVERAGE: Complete (manually tuned) coverage of the nine HF amateur bands:
1.800 – 1.900 MHz
3.500 – 4.000 MHz
7.000 – 7.500 MHz
10.000 – 10.300 MHz
14.000 – 14.350 MHz
18.000 – 18.500 MHz
21.000 – 21.500 MHz
24.000 – 24.500 MHz
28.500 – 29.990 MHz
TRANSMITTING MODES: Both continuous and low duty cycle modes are supported. That is, the DX-3
supports SSB, CW, AM, FM, RTTY and SSTV. II
OUTPUT POWER: Typical 3000 watts carrier or up to 4000 W PEP
DRIVE POWER: Nominal 60-90 watts for full rated output.
INPUT IMPEDANCE: Nominal 50 ohm passive impedance, unbalanced. VSWR 1.4:1 or less.
OUTPUT IMPEDANCE: Nominal 50 ohm passive impedance, unbalanced. VSWR 2.6:1 or less.
DISTORTION: Third order intermodulation products are more than 35 dB below rated output.
HARMONICS: Harmonic output is better than 50dB below the rated output.
FAULT PROTECTION: The comprehensive fault protection system include circuitry to monitor:
•
plate current: should the plate current exceed a safe value, the amplifier goes to standby mode for 2
minutes.
•
screen grid over-current: Absolute tube protection is offered with visual warning and a reduced power
level being enabled if the screen current exceeds a pre-set limit.
•
temperature: Should the tube's temperature exceed a specific level, amplifier operation is suspended
until the temperature drops to a safe level.
•
Flash-over: a 3-stage protection circuit using extremely fast MOV’s protects the screen regulator from
the dangerous plate voltage in case of a flash-over in the tube.
OPERATIONAL PROTECTION
•
Overdrive protection: Should the DX-3 be overdriven, a LED warning indictor will light up when the
linearity limit is reached. If the drive is increased further, a 2 second cut off (by-pass) will follow.
•
SWR protection: Should the DX-3 sense an SWR exceeding 2.6:1, a LED warning indicator will light
up, simultaneously with a 3 second cut off.
METERING: The front panel moving LED display systems indicate:
“Moving light” LED indicators:
•
output power
•
reflected power
•
screen grid current
•
plate voltage
•
plate current
7
Five single LED’s:
•
on air
•
ready
•
fault
•
overdrive warning
•
SWR cut-off indicator
ALC: Negative going, adjustable output level.
EBS: Electronic Bias Switch - automatically switches the standing current (about 0.75 A) to a lower ("prebias") value - when there is no input drive.
PRE-BIAS: A small current will flow in the tube when the amplifier is keyed on, but there is no modulation.
This will prevent a harsh sound at the beginning of each word, when the EBS is activated and the tube goes
through a non-linear zone, before reaching the correct initial bias.
QSK: is a module that makes possible the antenna switching at very fast rate - typically 3ms switching time
in each direction. Fitted as standard in all DX-3’s.
SOFT START: when switched on, the mains power is gradually applied to the transformer, over a period of
about 5 seconds, to avoid the high in-rush current typical for such high loads.
COOLING: forced air cooling, two fans, two speeds, temperature controlled
OPERATING TEMPERATURE: 0 to 40° Celsius
FUSING: Two 30A normal acting fuses on the rear panel
DIMENSIONS: 435mm wide, 190mm high, 465mm deep
WEIGHT: 18 kg (40 lb) unpacked + Transformer 25 kg (56 lb) unpacked
3 UNPACKING
The DX-3 is packed in a heavy duty package easily sufficient to protect the amplifier during transportation,
even in case of fairly rough handling.
3.1 Opening the carton
When opening the packing, do not cut the carton. Save the packing material for possible further re-use.
Shipment of your DX-3 in other than factory packing may result in non-warranty damage.
3.2 Opening the DX-3 cover
An inspection of the interior of the amplifier should reveal no damage or adversely affected components.
Remove the 4 screws on each side and remove the cover. Should there be any form of problem, notify your
supplier immediately.
3.3 Installing the transformer
Make sure the transformer is wired for the nominal mains voltage in your area. See 7.4
Two people are needed to install the transformer. The best is to put the DX-3 on a flat, smooth surface such as
a bench or a table top, covered by a small carpet of a folded blanket, so that it can be moved by sliding it on
the table.
Remove the screws holding the base plate in the amplifier. Make sure the holes in the plate remain aligned
with the holes in the bottom of the chassis. Lift the transformer and lower it into the chassis, positioned with
8
the 12-pin connector towards the front of the amplifier. Put the transformer in at a slight angle (about 10
degrees), so that it does not touch the section of the wire loom between the control board and the front panel
display. Mind also the micro-switch, the front panel switches and the control board at the back. See picture on
page 6.
Move the transformer close to the front panel (do not slide it on the base plate – lift it and move). This will
create more space at the back, so that the high voltage wires can be connected. Plug the two wires from the
high voltage power supply into the 2 pins at the lower part of the transformer. Connect also the 4-way
connector and the orange / black wire.
Move the transformer all the way to the rear, to create more room at the front.
Plug the 16-way connector into the display board. If the wire loom has an 18-way female connector fitted, the
2 bottom positions are not used. Make sure the VIOLET wire is at the top and the GREEN wire at the bottom.
Move the transformer to the middle position, trying to line up the holes in the transformer with the holes in
the chassis and the mounting plate. When the holes line up, pull the amplifier so that it overhangs, about 1/3
on the desk and 2/3 out. Make sure somebody is helping during this operation. The back of a chair of suitable
height can be used to help support the amplifier, but make sure someone else is holding it firmly in position.
Insert the screws and washers from underneath. When all 4 screws are in, tighten them firmly using a large
size Philips screwdriver.
Connect the 2 mains wires to the terminal block of the soft start module. See picture, Page 6.
Put the cover back and the installation is complete.
4 INSTALLATION ENVIRONMENT
4.1 Required environment
The DX-3 amplifier can be operated at an ambient temperature between 0 and 40° Celsius. It should be
installed in a place with good ventilation and protected from the direct sunlight. At least 5 cm (2”) of free
space must be left at the left and right of the amplifier for ventilation. Do not place any object on top of the
amplifier, especially above the ventilation opening.
An environment free of dust, smoke and high humidity is required, as for any high powered RF amplifier.
Dust or particles resulting from burning fire wood or coal could be responsible for sparks or electrical
discharges between the capacitor plates, or in other parts of the RF section.
4.2 Power requirements
When operating at full power, up to 30A from the 240 VAC mains is required. Ensure that the AC supply you
intend to use is fully rated and properly fused. The Emtron "soft start" circuitry ensures that there are no
momentary surges of current at power-up, therefore the fuse does not need to be over-rated. However, the
wiring of the mains supply for the amplifier should be able to handle the power at full load with minimal drop
in the voltage, to insure the performance of your DX-3 does not suffer.
5 REAR PANEL
The following connectors and controls are present on the rear panel
5.1 Power / Earth connections
A wing-nut Earth connection is provided at the rear of DX-3. A good Earth link must be provided here.
Connect this first, before making any other connection to the amplifier. Two fuse holders are fitted along with
30A, normal acting fuses.
9
5.2 RF connections
RF INPUT
The RF input is an SO-239 female connector. A 50 ohm coaxial cable line of good quality terminated with a
PL-259 coaxial connector is required to connect the transceiver or exciter output to the input connector of
your DX-3 amplifier.
RF OUTPUT
The RF output is also a female SO-239 connector. The use of a high quality RG-8A/U, RG-213 or similar 50
ohm coaxial cable line terminated with a ‘VHF’ type PL-259 connector is essential. Similarly, a VSWR of
2.6: 1 or better is mandatory. Remember too, that the EMTRON DX-3 amplifier can deliver 3000 W
continuously and up to 4 kW PEP in the SSB mode. Not all antennas can handle such power.
5.3 Transceiver control
ALC
The ALC output is via a black female RCA connector.
This is an ALC system for use with transceivers or transmitters having a negative-going ALC system and
possessing an external ALC input jack. A shielded patch lead with an appropriate connector at one end and a
male RCA connector for the DX-3 at the other end is required. Check the specifications of your transceiver
for a suitable connection.
PTT
The PTT input is a female RCA connector (red). This line controls the transmit / receive switching system.
This jack must be connected to transceiver or exciter relay contacts which are open on RECEIVE and closed
on TRANSMIT. The voltage at the PTT input is typically 28V loaded (up to 35V unloaded), with an
impedance of about 240 ohm. A current of about 0.12 A has to be switched by the transceiver or exciter.
ALC CONTROL
This is a user-accessible control for setting the negative voltage at the ALC output. Further details are given
in section 10.2
6 FRONT PANEL
The following controls and indicators are present on the front panel:
6.1 Controls
BAND SWITCH
A nine position switch selects the desired frequency range. The operating bands are indicated in metres.
PLATE TUNE
Tunes the amplifier operating frequency. A chart of approximate starting settings is given in Table-1
LOAD TUNE
Tunes the amplifier output loading. A chart of approximate starting settings is given in Table-1
ON/OFF
Switches the AC power on and off. On initial switch on, the standby mode is enabled. Note also the
appropriate switch down sequence, given in Section 11.
OPR/STBY
Enables the amplifier once it has warmed up. In STANDBY mode, the screen voltage is removed and any RF
power applied to the input, is bypassed to the output. If this switch is changed to OPERATE before the
READY light comes on, the FAULT light will turn on. This is not a fault, but it is better to leave the switch in
STBY position until the amplifier is ready to operate.
10
6.2 Displays
All the DX-3 indicators are concentrated in a single, solid state, “moving LEDs” display (See drawing). The
following values are displayed (top to bottom):
Output Power - Scale up to 4 kW, non linear. Yellow LED’s with red indicating power over 3kW.
Reflected Power - Scale up to 500W, non linear. The colour is green, yellow and red, indicating
progressively higher reflected power and possibly problems with your antenna.
Ig2 - Zero-centred display. The left (green) side has a full scale of about 25 mA of negative screen current.
The right (red) side has a full scale of about 50 mA of positive screen current. Above this value, the red LEDs
will flash, warning you to increase the loading, or reduce the drive. At about 60 mA, the protective current
limiting will cut in.
Plate Voltage - Scale up to 3.5 kV, green.
Plate Current - Scale up to 2.4 A. Yellow, with a green zone indicating the standing current bias (when EBS
is disabled only. NOTE: the factory adjustment could be slightly different from the green zone indication).
The area above 2.4 A is red. It indicates excessive plate current, due to high drive level and improper tuning
(especially plate tuning – see “Tuning” chapter, 10.1)
ON Air - single LED, green. When pressing PTT, this LED turns on (while in OPERATE)
READY - single LED, yellow. Turns on at the end of warm-up period, when the mains power to DX-3 is
switched on. It turns off for about 2 minutes if the plate current protection is triggered. In this case, the
FAULT light also turns on.
FAULT - single LED, red. Turns on in 3 situations:
•
when the over-temperature protection is triggered, the FAULT turns on until the tube cools to a safe
level. During this time, the operation of the amplifier is disabled, the screen voltage is off and any RF
power applied to the input is bypassed directly to the output.
•
when the over-current protection is triggered, FAULT turns on for 2 minutes, while READY turns off
•
at DX-3 power up, if the OPR/STBY switch on the front panel is left in OPR position. The FAULT
light will go off when the DX-3 is ready for operation, after warm-up.
SWR - single LED, red. A three second cut-off will happen if your antenna has a SWR worse than 2:1
(typical 2.6:1) at the operating frequency. During the cut-off, the RF from the input is directly by-passed to
the output.
OVER-DRIVE - single LED, yellow. Flashes when the input drive is exceeding the linear operation level. If
even more drive is applied, the overdrive protection will cut off the operation (bypass) for about 2 seconds.
NOTE: the input drive at which the indicator turns on depends on a certain extent on the tuning.
RF OUTPUT POWER (kW)
OVER
DRIVE
REFLECTED POWER (W)
SWR
Ig2
ON AIR
PLATE VOLTAGE (kV)
READY
PLATE CURRENT (A)
FAULT
Figure 1. Front Panel Display
11
7 ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
7.1 Connections to Transceiver / Exciter
Signal connections
Before making any connections, ensure that DX-3 is not connected to AC power, and the transceiver is not
transmitting. Connect the antenna first to the DX-3 output. Then connect the transceiver output to the DX-3
RF input. Plug the PTT lead into the RCA socket marked PTT on the rear panel. If required, connect the
ALC. (In most cases there is no need for ALC – see 10.2)
The most appropriate interconnection layout is shown in Figure 2 below. In this set-up, the transmit/receive
relays in the DX-3 are controlled directly by the transceiver or exciter.
TO ANTENNA
EMTRON
DX-3
RF
OUT
RF
IN
RF
OUT
PTT
Relay
Input
ALC
ALC
Station
Transceiver
PTT
Relay
Output
(Optional)
Figure 2. Connections between DX-3 and Station Transceiver
7.2 Earth and mains connections
Power connections
Before connecting any power to the amplifier, make a good Earth connection to the screw with wing nut at
the rear of DX-3. Make sure the POWER switch on the front panel is in the OFF position. Then plug the
power cable into the power outlet.
7.3 Terminating the power cable (export version)
As different countries have different standards for their power connections, the DX-3 amplifiers exported
from Australia are supplied with an un-terminated power cable.
The green / yellow wire is connected to the amplifier chassis and MUST be connected to the safety ground
of the AC mains supply. It must NEVER be connected to one of the AC “hot” wires. The Brown and Blue
wires connect to the mains transformer inputs. The brown wire is “active” or “live”. The blue wire is the
mains neutral. Both wires are fused.
7.4 Operation at 230V, 220V, 200V (export version)
The Emtron DX-3 will normally arrive pre-set for the power source of the country the amplifier has been sold
to. However if operation to another mains voltage is required, the appropriate connection changes will be
needed.
Figure 3 shows the transformer connections for 200V, 220V, 230V and 240V operation. If a change is
required, this should be done only by a qualified technician, after taking all the necessary safety precautions.
See CAUTION on page 1.
PLEASE NOTE: The DX-3 should not be connected to a mains supply of less than 200VAC!
12
240
0
240V:
0
200
FAN
220
230
240
230
230V:
0
200
FAN
240
220
220
220V:
FAN
0
200
220
230
240
200V:
200
FAN
0
220
230
240
Figure 3: TRANSFORMER AC INPUT CONNECTIONS
8 DX-3 DESCRIPTION
8.1 RF Section
The RF section occupies the right hand side of the DX-3 (looking from the top - front). See picture in 1.1.
RF Switch and tuned circuits
At the front of the amplifier are two variable capacitors, for plate and load tuning. A 9-position ceramic
switch is employed for the 9 operating bands. Next to the switch is the 40 to 160 metre tank coil. The silver
plated, large diameter copper tube is the 10 to 30 metre tank coil.
RF Sub-chassis
The GU78B tube is positioned on a separate RF sub-chassis. All the connections to the tube, except for the
plate, are under this sub-chassis. A 9-way heavy duty connector is used for the outside connections. The fan
blows air into this sub-chassis, which is forced out through the ventilation fins of the tube. A second fan
above the tube helps by sucking the air out. The air temperature is sensed by 2 sensors placed above the tube
(they can be seen between the fins of the top fan). The sensors must stay in a position close to horizontal.
Make sure you are not pushing them down, too close to the tube, as high voltage exists between them.
13
The plate is connected to the RF network and to the choke supplying the 3400VDC voltage to the plate of the
GU78B tube.
8.2 Mains transformer
The transformer is the heart of the amplifier, a high performance type, designed to reduce the size and weight.
It is built with a generous reserve of power, handling easily the DX-3 requirements in continuous operation.
The primary can be wired for 200VAC, 220VAC, 230VAC or 240VAC operation. See Figure 3. There are
several secondary windings, as follows:
•
Filament supply
•
Low voltage supply to the controller board
•
QSK module supply
•
Bias supply
•
Screen grid supply
•
High voltage supply
8.3 H. V. Power Supply
A full wave bridge rectifier and filter converts the high voltage AC into high voltage DC with a huge reserve
capacity of 116 microfarads. Two standard Emtron HV modules are paralleled in DX-3.
8.4 Soft start module
At power up, the mains power is gradually applied to the transformer by the soft start module. The power is
gradually applied over a time of about 5 seconds, avoiding the high inrush current typical for such big loads.
8.5 Sensor module
A small metal box positioned at the output of the DX-3. It detects the forward and reverse power, for
measurement and display.
8.6 Antenna relay / QSK module
Fitted as standard in DX-3, the antenna relay is a QSK module, controlled by the transceiver, via the control
board. It switches the antenna between the transceiver, during reception, and amplifier, during transmission. It
is also used to bypass the RF from the transceiver, directly into the antenna, when the amplifier is in standby
mode, or during special conditions like overdrive, bad SWR or other error conditions.
The QSK module uses two very fast, high power vacuum relays, and control circuitry. The purpose of QSK
is to allow very fast switching between transmit and receive, during digital communications. See Appendix 2
showing oscilloscope displays of fast switching times and contact bounce-free operation of the QSK module.
8.7 Display board
This board has a number of inputs where various voltages are connected. The board converts these voltages
into a "moving LED" type of display. Two of these displays have flashing light indication (Ig2 and plate
current).
8.8 Controller board
The brain of the amplifier is the Controller Board. The following circuitry is part of this board:
•
Bias voltage regulator, also incorporating a sensitive grid current detector for overdrive detection .
Adjustable pre-bias, removes the distortion at the beginning of the word, when EBS is activated.
14
•
Screen voltage regulator, with adjustable voltage and adjustable current limiting, for tube protection.
•
Overdrive protection and timer - based on detecting grid current, it initially gives visual warning and,
at higher level of overdrive, it cuts off the amplifier for 2 seconds. It ensures a clean signal, making
it virtually impossible to overdrive the DX-3
•
SWR detector and timer - switches the amplifier to bypass mode for about 3 seconds when high SWR
is detected. Adjustable SWR level. Factory adjusted to about 2.6: 1
•
EBS - the Electronic Bias Switch - senses the presence of RF input power and turns on the bias to start
transmission. Factory adjusted for about 0.5W. When the input power exceeds this limit, the plate
current starts flowing. When there is no speech, even for a very short time, the tube dissipation is cut
to a low value, as set by the pre-bias adjustment.
•
Interlocking, timer for filament warm-up
•
Relay control: ready relay, SWR relay, over-drive relay, antenna relay
•
QSK switching control
•
Display control: Ig2 measurement and display, SWR cut-off display, overdrive warning display,
READY display, FAULT display
•
Logic circuitry, low voltage supply to the various electronic circuits
15
9 POWERING UP
Before switching the power on, check all the necessary connections: Earth, Antenna, Transceiver, PTT, ALC.
Make sure the 2 switches on the front panel are in the positions: OFF, STBY.
Switch now the mains power ON (The power switch to ON position). The "soft start" system will take about 5
seconds to fully turn the power on. SWR light will turn on briefly, then off. Wait for the DX-3 to warm up, until
the READY light turns on.
This takes about 2 - 3 minutes. This warm up time is a minimum. Some extra time is recommended.
WARNING !
WHEN YOU SWITCH THE POWER ON, YOU MUST HEAR AIR FLOW NOISE.
IF THERE IS NO AIR FLOW NOISE, SWITCH THE POWER OFF IMMEDIATELY
AND CONTACT YOUR SUPPLIER.
10 OPERATION
10.1 TUNNING PROCEDURE
10.1.1
General
For each band and operating frequency, the transceiver settings must match the position of the BAND switch on
the front panel of the DX-3, while the PLATE and LOAD knobs must be adjusted for optimum operation which
gives – in conjunction with the input drive level, the maximum output power that can be obtained for that input
power. When the tuning is correct, this will also result in a minimum plate current, minimum plate dissipation
and good linearity.
10.1.2
Preliminary tuning
•
Turn the BAND switch to the same band setting as the transceiver.
•
Put LOAD and PLATE knobs in the initial positions given in Table 1.
•
DX-3 must be powered ON and "Ready", with the OPR/STBY switch in OPR position.
•
Start with the transmitter at minimum power, in a "carrier" mode e.g. RTTY of CW - key down.
•
Key the transceiver ON and gradually apply power to the DX-3. When 0.5 to l W of drive is reached, the
EBS is activated and the plate current jumps from zero to about 0.75 A
•
Increase the drive until there is some output power indicated. If the current plate Ip reaches about 1.5 A
and there is still no output indication, turn PTT off and check the connections, the band and the initial
settings.
•
As soon as there is any power indication, tune PLATE for maximum output (and minimum plate
current).
•
Apply more drive and adjust PLATE again for maximum output. Keep PTT ON for short time only
(about 10 seconds). Go gradually, in several steps. When about 1500W output is reached, adjust LOAD
for maximum output. If there is no red Ig2 indication, it is likely that LOAD needs to be turned
clockwise, towards higher numbers on the dial.
•
Apply more drive and adjust both knobs again. When screen current appears (red Ig2 indication),
increase loading by turning anti-clockwise the loading knob. (LOAD towards lower numbers on dial)
until Ig2 drops almost to zero. Then adjust PLATE for maximum output power and maximum Ig2. At
this point, Ig2 is the most sensitive indicator of resonance on the working frequency. If Ig2 goes too
high (e.g. starts blinking), increase the loading again, then tune PLATE.
16
•
Repeat the above steps, while gradually increasing the input drive power, until the overdrive indicator
just starts turning on. Now the DX-3 is tuned for operation at full power on that particular operating
frequency.
NOTES:
1. The maximum power is obtained from a DX-3 when:
ƒ onset of the overdrive indication
ƒ PLATE is tuned for maximum output power, maximum screen current Ig2 and minimum plate current, Ip
ƒ Ig2 indicator shows 2 to 4 red LEDs.
2. The above conditions will also give the best linearity.
3. During the preliminary tuning, switch PTT on and off several times, to allow time for tube cooling. The tube
dissipation (at a given drive level) is minimum when tuning is optimum. In short, be brief, with tuning "bursts".
4. Preliminary tuning, as described above, is only necessary when operating for the first time in a certain band.
When the final settings for PLATE and LOAD have been found for the particular working conditions especially the antenna used, note your settings on Table 1. The new settings will normally differ to some extent
from the ones indicated, depending on the "purity" of your antenna load.
10.1.3 Final tuning
Once the preliminary tuning has been done for each band / antenna combination, the values found for PLATE
and LOAD can be used for final tuning, with no need to repeat the preliminary tuning every time.
Tuning for full power
•
Start with low drive level and the PLATE and LOAD knobs in the known initial positions
•
Put PTT ON and increase the power (fairly quickly), to the onset of the overdrive indication. If the
screen current (red Ig2) goes too high, adjust LOAD, by turning the knob to the left (increasing the
load).
•
Adjust the drive level and LOAD until the overdrive indicator is just about to turn ON, and at the same
time Ig2 shows two or three red LED's ON.
•
Fine tune PLATE for maximum output and maximum Ig2. Repeat the step above if required.
Tuning for less than full power
•
Start at low power, with the initial values for PLATE and LOAD
•
Put PTT ON and apply drive until the output is about 1/2 of the desired power.
•
Adjust LOAD for maximum output. Most likely, the knob will have to be rotated to the right, towards
higher numbers on the dial.
•
Adjust PLATE for maximum output
•
Apply more power
•
Repeat the 3 steps above until the required power is achieved. If screen current is indicated by Ig2, is
should, display one to three red LED's. Maximise this Ig2 indication (and the output power at the same
time), by tuning PLATE
Please note that the tuning at lower power is different from the setting at full power (especially LOAD).
•
If the output goes higher then desired, reduce the drive and re-tune. Never reduce the output by detuning the amplifier!
17
NOTE: If the output is low (say, less than about 1500W), Ig2 will never show any screen current at all. Ig2
might even indicate a negative current, in green - this is normal and is no cause for concern).
However, if there (green) negative current indication, usually this will go away with better tuning of the PLATE
control.
If there is no Ig2 red indication, simply rotate LOAD to the right in small steps, and each time maximise the
output by turning PLATE, until the highest possible maximum in the output power is achieved.
10.1.4. Potential problems during tuning
The tuning operation should be completed fairly quickly. If the tuning process takes a longer time, it should be
done by switching the transmission on and off several times, to allow the tube time to cool.
•
If the FAULT light comes on, it is possible that the plate current has reached too high values due to
incorrect plate tuning. In this case, reduce the excitation power, wait for the FAULT light to turn off
(about 2 minutes) and resume tuning.
•
If the overdrive protection is activated, by cutting off the amplifier for 2 seconds. It is likely in this case
that you are applying too much power at the input. Reduce the power and watch the "overdrive" LED.
Increase the power only until this light starts flashing.
•
If the overdrive protection is activated at low power – this could be due to incorrect loading. Turn the
LOAD control clockwise and tune PLATE. Increase the drive and repeat in small steps. A lack of screen
current (red Ig2 display) is an indication that the loading is incorrect.
•
If the SWR protection cuts in - it is likely that your antenna is not a good 50 ohm match at the operating
frequency. In principle, the SWR protection level in DX-3 is adjustable, but it is far preferable for you to
fix your antenna.
10.2 ALC ADJUSTMENT
The DX-3 can be operated without any ALC connection. However, if you wish to use it, and your transceiver
has an ALC input, then the potentiometer on the rear panel must be adjusted. This adjustment is not critical,
since its voltage output is zero under normal operation and it increases sharply (towards a negative value - up to
-11 V), when the overdrive limit is approached. The ALC in DX-3 amplifier is not a conventional design, this
circuit operates for only one reason - to prevent overdriving and to keep the signal clean.
To adjust the ALC potentiometer:
Turn the potentiometer initially all the way to the right (minimum ALC voltage)
In CW mode, after tuning, apply increasingly higher drive, until the "overdrive" LED just starts to turn on
Increase the drive slightly more, to have the light fully on, but make sure the DX-3 overdrive protection does
not cut you off. At this power level, adjust the ALC potentiometer to the left, until the transceiver drops its
power output.
Alternatively, in voice mode, increase the RF gain or the microphone gain until the overdrive led is flashing at
peak of modulation. Then, increase ALC (rotate potentiometer to the left) until the transceiver begins to limit the
drive to DX-3.
NOTE: Some types of transceivers (e.g. YAESU FTI00MP, FT920 and others) are not compatible with this
type of ALC. They require an ALC signal proportional with the output power. DX-3's ALC is zero until the
drive reaches the over-drive limit, when the negative voltage increases sharply. YAESU operating manual
indicates that this type of ALC might not work well with their transceivers, since grid current could be
generated by amplifier mis-tuning not related to excessive drive conditions. If this is the case, simply do not
connect it.
18
10.3 USING YOUR DX-3
While tuning and adjusting the amplifier, a CW mode is normally used. When these operations are finished, you
can change to the operating mode you wish to use and start operating.
10.3.1 CW / RTTY and all digital modes
In CW, the setting up of the amplifier is similar to that of the tuning mode. After adjusting the input power level
to the amplifier, according to the desired output level, and tuning the plate and load capacitors, you can simply
start operating by applying the same carrier level as during tuning. If the amplifier is set to deliver full output
power, or close to, then screen current will be present. As in the case of tuning, the best operation is achieved
when there is a certain amount of screen current flowing, corresponding to two or three red LED's turning on in
the Ig2 display.
10.3.2
Voice modes (SSB)
When a voice modulation is applied to the amplifier, the drive level is not precisely defined, as in the case of
tuning with continuous carrier. If there is screen current flowing, or an input overdrive, they will be indicated
only at peak of modulation, by the respective indicators flashing. You will have to adjust the microphone gain,
or the RF drive, or both, in an attempt to achieve input driving conditions similar to those you have used while
tuning. Occasional flashing of the overdrive indicator is acceptable. If the over-driving is severe, a momentary
cut-off will occur.
10.3.3
Hints on good linearity and efficiency
Operating with good efficiency:
If you are watching the plate current indicator, you must be aware that the total power the amplifier is drawing
from the mains is proportional to the plate current. Power that is not sent to antenna, is dissipated by the tube.
As explained in the Tuning section, the best tuning achieves a maximum power output at the same time with a
minimum plate current, drastically minimising the tube dissipation. Be aware that at a low power level, slightly
different tuning is required than is for full power.
Achieving the best linearity:
The amplifier must be tuned and operated all the time in the linear mode. This is important because a non-linear
operation will generate harmonics which will disturb RF communications in other bands and frequencies.
We must distinguish two situations:
ƒ
Less than full power.
With less then full power (say 2000W or less), correct tuning, no screen current and no input overdrive
indication, you will always have your DX-3 operating with a good linearity and clean signal.
ƒ
Full power operation.
At full power, there are two things that must be watched to see when you reach the limit of linear operation: the
screen current, Ig2, and the grid current, indicated by the "Over-drive" LED.
In this case a good linearity is maintained up to the moment when the screen current is approaching the full
scale value of the Ig2 indicator and it starts flashing, or when the overdrive indicator fully turns on.
A high screen current, indicated by 4 LED's on in the Ig2 display, will create a moderate level of distortion.
Even a small amount of grid current will cause severe distortion. When the "Over-drive" indicator just begins to
turn on, there is a very small amount of distortion, created by a grid current of about 100 microamperes.
With this indicator flashing, you are at the limit of the RF carrier clipping. This is probably more acceptable in a
voice mode of operation. In CW or digital modes, the best is to slightly reduce the drive, just below this level. A
severe level of over-driving is not possible anyway, due to the cut-off protection. The cut-off will happen at
about 400 microamperes of grid current. See the Appendix 2 and the Troubleshooting section for oscilloscope
displays showing examples of a two tone generator driving the DX-3 in linear mode, and an overdrive situation,
when a DX-3 with the overdrive protection disabled is being overdriven by the two-tone generator.
19
The Ig2 indicator should have three to four LED's flashing on at peak of modulation. This (combined with a
correct plate tuning), indicates an optimum loading, good efficiency and good linearity. A lower screen current,
due to excessive loading, will reduce the output power, with an equal amount of extra power dissipated by the
tube. A higher screen current, making all four LED's in the Ig2 flashing, will increase the distortion.
11 SWITCHING THE POWER OFF
When you have finished using the amplifier and you want to switch it off, the following procedure is
recommended: Stop transmitting. Put the switch on STBY. Leave the DX-3 running idle for a few minutes, to
cool the tube, then switch the power off.
12 TROUBLESHOOTING - If something goes wrong
12.1 No power
When you switch on a DX-2, it takes about 3 - 5 seconds for the lights on the front panel display to come on.
This is due to the "soft start" circuit. If nothing happens after turning the power on, switch off at the front panel,
then check the following:
ƒ
make sure the power point has power
ƒ
make sure the power plug is fully pushed in into the power outlet.
If it is still not working, unplug the power cord from the mains, then remove the fuses from the fuse holders on
the rear, panel of DX-3 and check them with an ohmmeter. If a fuse is blown, replace it with a fuse of the same
type and try again. If the fuse blows again, or if the fuses were not blown in the first place, contact your
supplier.
12.2 Fan not working
As soon as you switch the power on, you should notice two things about your DX-3: the display should indicate
about 3400V of plate voltage and you should be able to hear the fan running. The amplifier is not supposed to be
powered without the fan, even in idling mode. If the fan does not operate when you power up, or if it stops
while using the amplifier, switch the mains power off immediately and contact your supplier.
12.3 If the FAULT light turns on
The FAULT (red) light turns on in two situations:
ƒ
Over-current in the plate circuit
This could happen due to a flash-over in the tube, or as a result of a momentary high plate current during tuning.
This completely disables the amplifier for about 2 minutes. The same timer is activated as when the amplifier is
switched on, causing the READY light to turn off. If the front panel is put on STBY, the FAULT will turn off,
but the READY will be also off. When the READY comes on again, the FAULT will disappear (if the amplifier
was left in OPR), and the DX-3 is ready to operate again, after putting the switch on OPR.
ƒ
Over-temperature cut-off. See below.
12.4 Over-temperature cut-off
The operation of the amplifier is disabled, but the timer is not activated. When the tube cools down, the FAULT
light turns off, READY turns on and the operation can resume. DX-3 has a very efficient air cooling system.
When the ventilation is not restricted, in normal ambient conditions, when properly tuned, a DX-3 can operate at
20
full power for extended periods of time, with the fan not even going to high speed. The temperature cut-off
happens when the tube reaches 150º Celsius, with ample safety margin to the specified limit of 200º for the
GU78B tube.
12.5 Over-current cut-off
If the plate current exceeds even for a brief time a pre-set safe limit, an over-current detector will activate the
power up timer, disabling the amplifier for about 2 minutes. During this time the READY light is off, and the
FAULT light is on, if the amplifier is left in OPR mode, as explained under 12.4, "If the FAULT light turns on".
12.6 Ig2 blinks fast - No plate voltage
If the high voltage is lost due to a fault in the amplifier, the screen current tends to reach very high values. This
is an unlikely situation, but if did happen, this would normally guarantee a tube failure in unprotected amplifiers
that do not have a current limiting circuit. The screen current limiting in DX-3 is so efficient, that the tube is
fully protected even in such a situation and test bench DX-3's have been extensively run with no plate voltage
and maximum screen voltage, with no effect on the tube. If this loss of high voltage should happen to your DX3, the Ig2 display will have the red LEDs flashing, due to the screen current exceeding the pre-set limit, with no
input power applied to the amplifier, while switched to OPR.
In such a case, it is possible that the high voltage is still shown on the meter, but it does not reach the tube. In
any case, this is a major fault. Put the amplifier on STBY and the flashing will stop. Then switch the power off
and contact your supplier.
12.7 Sparks / Discharges in RF area
Very high RF voltages are present in the amplifier during the operation at high power. Incursion of dust or even
suicidal insects can cause such temporary problems.
12.8 SWR cut-off
The factory adjustment for SWR protection is about 2.6: 1. This adjustment can be changed, but the best is to
operate with a properly matched antenna. Should your DX-3 'see' bad SWR, it will shut down for 3 seconds (in
bypass mode).
12.9 Frequent over-drive protection cut-off
As previously described in the tuning and operation sections, there is a protection system acting on DX-3 input
overdrive. When the drive reaches the limit where signal distortion begins to occur, the overdrive indicator on
the front panel will warn you to reduce the drive. If you increase the drive even further, a cut-off protection is
activated.
After about 2 seconds of amplifier bypass, the operation is resumed, but if you have not reduced the drive, the
protection will be activated again. To stop it, you must reduce the input power drive. This protection is not
adjustable - you must not exceed the limit. If this happens too often, you obviously do not have a fine control
over the transmit level of your transceiver. In this case, try using the ALC, See section 10.2.
12.10 Tube replacement
It is very unlikely that you will ever need to replace the GU78B (4CX3000A). If there is a need for that, the tube
is easy to replace. However, contact your supplier, because a bias adjustment is required for the new tube.
13 WARRANTY / SERVICE
The full FOUR YEARS warranty for DX-3 amplifiers covers all parts and labour, except for the tube. The tube
is under a limited warranty, also for FOUR YEARS.
21
14 GLOSSARY
AC
Alternating Current
ALC
Automatic Level Control
AM
Amplitude Modulation
BALUN
Balanced to Unbalanced Transformer
BNC
Bayonet Neil-Concelman Connector
dB
decibel
CW
Continuous Wave
DC
Direct Current
EBS
Electronic Bias Switch
FM
Frequency Modulation
HF
High Frequency
HV
High Voltage
IEC
International Electro-technical Comission
IMD
Inter-Modulation Distortion
LED
Light Emitting Diode
PEP
Peak Envelope Power
RF
Radio Frequency
RTTY
Radio Tele Type
SSB
Single Side Band
SSTV
Slow Scan Tele Vision
SWR
Standing Wave Ratio
VAC
Volts, Alternating Current
VDC
Volts, Direct Current
WARC
World Administrative Radio-communications Conference
VSWR
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
22
15 APPENDIX 1: SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS
15.1 DX-3 Block Diagram
Vp
POWER SUPPLY
MODULE
(See Schematic)
DISPLAY
MODULE
& METERS
Ip
(See Schematic)
+5V
FAULT
O’DRIVE
ON AIR
Pf
H.V.
DC
H.V.
AC
RF / TUBE
MODULE
Eg2
READY
Ip
Protec
SW
Ig2
SWR
Protect
-Eg1
(See Schematic)
EBS
(See Schematic)
RF OUT
(ANTENNA)
AC GRID
AC
LOGIC
TRANSFORMER
RF
SENSOR
CONTROL
BOARD
MODULE
AC
SCREEN
AC
FILAMENT
Pr
Relay 1,2
AC QSK
TEMP
CUT-OFF
ANTENNA
RELAY
(QSK)
(See
schematic)
FAN
SOFT
START
ON/OFF
(See schematic)
STBY/
OPR
TEMPERATURE
SENSORS
FAN
FUSE
AC MAINS
23
RF IN
(TRANSCEIVER)
15.2 Circuit Diagram – HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY
NOTE: Two modules used in parallel
HV
+
6A100
1000pF
470uF/450V
25R
75k
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
330k
6A100
1000pF
+
470uF/450V
75k
330k
6A100
1000pF
+
470uF/450V
75k
330k
6A100
1000pF
+
470uF/450V
75k
330k
6A100
1000pF
AC1
AC2
+
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
+
+
1000pF
470uF/450V
470uF/450V
470uF/450V
75k
330k
330k
75k
470uF/450V
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
1000pF
6A100
75k
6A100
1000pF
6A100
75k
6A100
+
1000pF
IP
10k
1R
6A100
6A100
VP
6A100
GND
24
15.3 Control Board and Adjustment Points
COMPONENT SIDE VIEW
The drawing below shows all the connections to the control board and the adjustment points.
Unless you know very well what you are doing and you have a reason to do it, do not modify any adjustment!
Ip
SWR
PNK/BLK
+
-
+
Sensitivity
ALC
VIOLET
BIAS
O/DRV
Y/BLK
SWR2
Y/BLK
Y/RED
SWR1
Y/RED
SWR4
SWR3
GREEN
ALC2
I
Eg2
YELLOW
WHITE
BIAS
READY
-
BROWN
HLSW
Sensitivity
GRN/BRN
HLSW
GRN/BRN
Ig2
+
-
+
-
100VAC1
RED/GRN
RFIN
-
+
+
SCREEN
YELLOW
Pre-BIAS
EBS
Ig2Lim
100VAC2
PINK
10VAC1
PINK
10VAC1
PINK
10VAC2
PINK
10VAC2
Off
DISP
RED
DISP
X
GRY/BLU
ORN/BL
K
BLUE
IG2F
IG2R
EBS
EG2
On
X
GND
Ip
V
YELLOW
YELLOW
T110-1
T110-2
GREEN
GND
X
GRY/BLU
GND
GRY/BLU
300VAC1
300VAC2
TP2
+
-
IpTRIP
GRY/BLK
R
ORN
Y/GRN
R
W
+
IPDispl
QSK
V
22Vac
QSK
IPTRIP
PTT2
W/R
SWR
GRY
PNK/BLK
FAULT
SWR/FLT
W/BLK
PTT2
ORN Y/GRN
GRN
PTT1
TXON
BLUE
STBY2
I
Y/GRN
OD/TX
X
ORN/BLK
12VP
RLY1
QSK1
RLY2
STBY1
LEGEND:
GRY – grey
GRN – green W – white
BLU – blue
R – red
V – violet
Y – yellow
BLK – black ORN - orange
25
PNK - pink
26
Blue
NEUTRAL
1
EARTH
25A
25A
Yellow/Green
Brown
30A
1
1
ACTIVE
Blue
4.7nF/250V/Y2
4.7nF/250Vac/Y2
MT1
SW
ON/OFF
30
Yellow
MT2
TRIAC
Bottom view
Blue
G
Soft Start Module
Cover Interlock
Micro SWITCH
Brown
G
G
MT1
MT1
MT2
A
Brown
Brown
Red
1
2
3
Date:
Size
Title
0V
TRANSFORMER
240V
Brown
230V
220V
200V
120V
Blue
To LOOM (12V)
4
3
2
1
Monday , January 07, 2002
Sof tStartWiring
Document Number
Sheet
1
of
SOFT START WIRING Standard version
E M T R O N
1
2
3
FEMALE MALE
(On Chassis)
BTA40-600B
Blue
Yellow
MT2
Brown
Blue
FAN
1
Rev
1
15.4 Circuit Diagram – AC INPUT AND WIRING DIAGRAM – Standard
27
NEUTRAL
Blue
EARTH
1
25A
4.7nF/250Vac/Y2
25A
4.7nF/250Vac/Y2
Yellow/Green
Brown
30A
1
1
ACTIVE
30A
COVER INTERLOCK
S1
K1
RELAY DPST
Front Panel
ON / OFF
S2
Blue
Brown
Blue
MT1
SW
Yellow
MT2
TRIAC
Bottom View
G
Soft Start Module
G
MT2
A
MT1
Brown
Yellow
Date:
Size
A4
Title
MT2
1
2
3
MALE
0V
Monday , January 07, 2002
Sof tStartWiring US
Document Number
Sheet
1
SOFT START WIRING U.S. Version
of
1
TRANSFORMER
240V
Brown
230V
220V
200V
120V
Blue
To LOOM (+12V)
(On Chassis)
BTA40-600B
1
2
3
FEMALE
Red
4
3
2
1
FAN
E M T R O N
Brown
Blue
MT1
G
Blue
Brown
Rev
1
15.5 Circuit Diagram – AC INPUT AND WIRING DIAGRAM – U.S. Version
SWITCH
100k
R10
C10
100nF
C11
2.2nF
5
R8
470k/2W
SS
R7
470k/2W
U1
R6
270k
TPA
C9
100nF
+
C8
3.3uF
C12
100nF
4
SWITCH
AS
1
LS
16
CS
R GT
7
3
GN D
8
CL
RC
6
15
PC
11
10
SSC
12
SR
D SS
10k
2
VS
9
VC C
SC AP
14
R9
C7
47nF
13
R4
150/2W
C6
2.2nF
+
C5
220uF/25V
220/2W
R3
C4
220uF/25V
28
1N4007
GATE
100/2W
100/2W
D2
R1
R1
C1
Date:
Size
A4
Title
Monday , January 07, 2002
Document Number
SOFTSTART240V
SOFT START
E M T R O N
Sheet
For 110VAC, replace C1 by 3.9k or
resistor
NEUTRAL
MT1
MT2
LOAD
1
of
4.3k / 6W
1
Rev
4
C13
4.7nF/250Vac/Y2
LOAD
C14
4.7nF/250Vac/Y2
470nF/250Vac/X2
NOTE: 200V to 240V operation
C3
2.2nF
C2
220nF/250Vac/X2
R2
56R/2W
R2
56R/2W
+
1N4007
D1
PHASE
15.6 Circuit Diagram – SOFT START (200 TO 240 V OPERATION)
15.7 Circuit Diagram – QSK
JP1
1
2
D5
+
1N4004
D3
D1
1N4004
1N4004
+
R2
2.2k
C1
47uF/50V
D2
D6
D4
RL2
R3
100/1W
RL1
1N4004
1N4004
Jenings TJ1A-26S
Or P1D-1V
R1
33/2W
Jenings TJ1A-26S
+
1N4004
C2
10uF/50V
AMP
RF OUT
(TO RF SENSOR)
RF DECK IN
RF DECK OUT
Rin
50
RF IN (SO239)
Title
Size
A4
E M T R O N
QSKv3 DX-3
Date:
29
Document Number
QSKV3DX3
Monday , January 07, 2002
Rev
3
Sheet
1
of
1
15.8 Circuit Diagram – RF MODULE
NOTE: R1 changed to 680 ohm
R.F. OUT MODULE (Simplified Diagram)
C14
PLATE CHOKE
PLATE VOLTAGE
2200pF
C1
1000pF/6kV
C2
1000pF/6kV
C3
1000pF/6kV
RS1
PROTECTION BOARD
Lp
100
D5
A106 R3
100
75k
EG2
(BLUE)
C5
2.2nF
R2
100
MOV4
140V
D4
A106
D3
D2
A106 R1 A106
100
D1
A106
V1
GU78B
SCREEN
C13
D1
3k
10nF/1kV
1N4148
R3
D2
10
MOV1
140V
1N4148
C8
1500p SM
MOV
140V
R4
3.9k/2W
C9
MOV3
140V
22nF
2.2nF
C10
BIAS
22nF
C11
2.2nF
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
R2
C7
2.2nF
RV6
275V
MOV5
140V
C6
CV2
1100pF
700uH
F.O.
R4
CV1
500pF
C4
1000pF/6kV
(White)
C12
22nF
L1
CV3
25pF
R5
12.5/50W
R7
37.5/100W
R6
10/2W
EBS
(Brown)
9-Way
COAX
COAX
NOTE: L-Pad version shown;
No L-Pad: R5=0, R7=50
30
X3-13
1
VR3
2
VV+
2
3
2
V-
L74
L73
L72
L71
L75
L76
L77
L78
G
G
G
G
R
R
R
R
Ig2+
1
VR6
V-
L41
L42
L43
L44
L45
L46
L47
L48
L49
L50
G
G
G
G
Y
Y
Y
Y
R
R
U6
LM3914
V+
5k
V+
3
R13
2k2
SWR/FLT
FAULT
C7
2.2nF
REFLECTED POWER
TX
5k
R5
2k2
31
OD/T X
3
R2
1k2
C12
VR2
1nF
50k
R12
2k2
VR4
X3-6
1
C10
2.2nF
L81
R
X3-7
C11
2.2nF
1
L79
G
3
X3-10
1
C14
2.2nF
2
U10
LM3914
R15
560
2
V-
X3-2
AMP
V-
D1
X3-5
READY
V+
V+
3
1
U7
LM3914
3
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
C6
1nF
1k2
2
V-
C8
1nF
2
V-
O/D
1
T it le
Size
A3
Date:
M OD E
SI G I N
R1
U4
LM3914
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
VOLT
9
5
1k2
1
8
6
4
3
X3-4
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
U3
LM3914
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
R
M OD E
SI G I N
L20
R
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
L19
R
9
5
8
6
4
C5
1nF
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
L18
R
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
L17
Y
R6
1k2
M OD E
SI G I N
V+
L16
Y
9
5
VC9
2.nF
L15
Y
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
2
R11
L14
Y
8
6
4
U9
LM3914
L13
Y
M OD E
SI G I N
X3-8
Y
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
+
L12
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
5k
V+
L11
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
Y
M OD E
SI G I N
L10
Y
M OD E
SI G I N
L9
Y
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
L8
Y
9
5
L7
Y
9
5
8
6
4
VR5
8
6
4
L6
Y
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
L5
Y
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
Ig2-
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
L4
Y
9
5
1
V-
8
6
4
5k
2
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
1nF
U2
LM3914
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
L3
Y
M OD E
SI G I N
L2
Y
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
L1
1nF
9
5
C4
8
6
4
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
VR1
M OD E
SI G I N
FORWARD POWER
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
C15
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
X3-11
9
5
8
6
4
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
1
M OD E
SI G I N
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
X3-1
REF A DJ
RHI
RLO
1
9
5
8
6
4
1
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
7
1
LE D10
LE D9
LE D8
LE D7
LE D6
LE D5
LE D4
LE D3
LE D2
LE D1
REF O UT
X3-14
+5V
L21
L22
L23
L24
L25
L26
L27
L28
L29
L30
L31
L32
L33
L34
L35
L36
L37
L38
L39
L40
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
G
C1
100uF
G
1
X3-12
U5
LM3914
R3
R4
V+
V+
3
1k2
L51
L52
L53
L54
L55
L56
L57
L58
L59
L60
L61
L62
L63
L64
L65
L66
L67
L18
L69
L70
Y
Y
Y
G
G
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R
R14
100
R
X3-9
+ C3
47uF
R8
100
U8
LM3914
+
C2
47uF
3
Monday, January 07, 2002
R9
560
5k
R7
2k2
4V3
X3-3
1
X3-15
SWR
1
X3-16
1
EMT RON
Document Number
DISPLAY PANEL
DP-1V.3
Rev
3
Sheet
1
of
1
5K
POT4
RFIN
X6. 3
X2.5
GND
WO6
C34
R47
C11
100nF
2K2
GND
50K
Q8
T9
GND
D29
D29
WO6
1
2
3
R36
7
U1
3
+
100K
C37
4.7nF
LM358
-
6
+
5
220k
R29
8k2
R69
GND
T10
GND
BC557
Q9
4
3
Q7
MPSA92
(4=GND, 8=12V)
U14
U12
OUT
10uF
SW1
1
OUT
R73
Q18
BC557
12V
GND
C2
C1
400
2(4=GND, 8=12V)
GND
C26
BC547
1
2
3
1N4007
4.7nF
C43
Q16
GND
C35
T8
R27
4K7
C3
100nF
R26
1K GND
F2
300VAC2
POT3
BC557
GND
C9
12K
T7 R35
100VAC2
BR2
100VAC1
X2.6
F3
X7. 2
R37
4.7nF/1kV
F4
25uF/160V
15K
1
2
T12
PC521
U6
T11
D26
1nF/1KV
Q1
ZTX658
BZX79C24V
GND
C50
5V6
R30
D10
1K
1K
R28
12V
GND
PC521
U8
Q22
BC547
D33
Q2
5K
GND
POT1
39K
22
R7
MPSA92
Q23
T2
HLSW2
X6. 2
X6. 1
HLSW1
Q25
POT7
100k
GND
BC547
Q3
500R
R33
1M5
R74
B
R6
1K
E
160K
R78
GND
C36
BC547
4.7nF
C27
-12V
ZTX558
Q4
C10
1uF
4V3
D23
100k
R91
4V3
D13
Q6
ZTX658
GND
2
6 U2
5
18K
R46
7
OUT
4k7
R88
(4=-12V, 8=12V)
+
-
C28
-12V
4.7nF
C29
1
OUT
12V
100nF
LM358
U2
+3
-
(4=-12V, 8=12V)
100nF
C40
330K
R32
5V
T4
U9
5V
PC521
PC521
C56
22uF
10nF
GND GND GND
10pF
BR3
12V
GND
C5
R87
T13
BC557
Q17
8K2
R72
12V
4V3
R54
8k2
GND
T14 D15
5K
5
6
U1
7
OUT
C12
10uF
GND
D17
C14
T16
BC547
Q10
4.7nF
C30
1N4148
(4=GND, 8=12V)
LM358
+
-
T15
C6
R19
100R
GND
GND
CLK
TH
2
5
5
2
GND
10uF
C13
6
4
RC
T18 6
10uF
R
4
500R
OUT
8
VCC
OUT
7
3
TH
1
GND
LMC555
CLK U4
VC
RC
R
1
GND
LMC555
U3 VC
VCC
8 4.7nF
10uF
7
3
1
T19
VC
7
C1
12V
C41
Q13
GND
BC547
GND
T17
8k2
1K
D18
BC547
8k2
GND
X5.4 X5. 2
SWR SWR/FLT
R92
Q14
1N4007
4.7nF
OUT
5V
X3. 5
PTT1
PTT2
GND
X5. 1
4.7nF
C32
X8. 5
5V DISPLAY
4.7nF
C54
X3.3
F8
22VAC2
X3.2
QSK2
WO6
D
X9.3
QSK1
X4. 2
X4. 5
RLY2
RLY1
X4. 4
EG2
X8. 2
STBY2
X4. 1
GND
10uF/25V
C17
7805
COM
IN
U13
100nF
C16
C15
100uF/50V
BR4
F7
22VAC1
X3.1
GND
12V
GND
C53
NC1 NO1
NC2 NO2
V1
RL4 M4-12H
V2
C1
T20
GND
1N4148
D21
M4-12H
C2
NO2 NC2
A
STBY1
X4.3 X9.1
C2
R63
2k2
R64
1N4148
D19
BC547
Q12
T110-1
T110-2
X7. 6
X7. 5
R59
Q11
22k
T110-2
10nF
C42
GND
LP2
10nF
22k R25
R24
X5. 3
FAULT
V2
RL2
V1
BC547
Q15
NO1 NC1
READY
X6. 4
X6. 6 X5.6
O/DRIVE OD/TX X5.5
TXON
R61
3
4
T6
LP1
T110-1
GND
BC547
470R
8k2
R58
GND
OUT
3
M4-12H
C2
NO2 NC2
U11
PC521
C8
10uF/16V
2
1
GND
R60
8k2
D16
12V
8
VCC
V2
RL1
V1
U5
LMC555
10nF
C51
100R
TH
CLK
RC
R
C45
GND
5
2
6
4
R23
10nF
C23
C1
NO1 NC1
IPTRIP
X3. 4
C24 C25
C7 22uF
4.7nF
C46
F6
12V
10VAC2 12VP
X2. 1
X2. 2 X4. 6
R89POT6
C52 4k7
LBA291
F5
C22
10uF
X8. 1 X7. 4 X7. 3
D28
D3
1N4148
1N4148
C21
IG2F
X8. 4
DISPLAY
FORWARD
IG2R
X8. 3
10VAC1
X2. 4
DISPLAY REVERSE X2. 3
U10
1N4148
D27
D2 1N4148
POT8
5k
2k2
R17
GND
22nF/630V 10uF/450V
C33 C20
EMTRON
AMPC v.3F DEC2002
10nF
C19
Q5
TIPL760A
T3
C55
LM358 3
BIAS
ALC2
ALC1
1 U14 +
X6.5
X1. 1
X1. 6
6
OUT
2 10nF
C48
C49
C47 4.7nF
TP2
(4=-12V, 8=12V)
C4
4.7nF
2.2uF
4.7nF
X9.
12k
GND 4.7nF
IPTRIP2
C39
R90
X3. 6
R70
X1.4 X1. 5 X1. 2 X1. 3 12V
100k 1N4148
22k
100R
SWR1 SWR2 SWR3 SWR4
R44
D12
R57
R43
300K
1N4148
330K
R31
240R
R10
3M3
62V
MJE16002
R12
R13
X7. 1 BR1
330k
R38
R18
R3
150uF/400V
150uF/400V
R1
220K
8k2
4700uF/16V
22R
33K
BZX79C5V6
1M
3
100nF
C18
R75
R4 220K
R5
220K
2K2
4
1
R40
POT2
C
10K R76
R2
220K
4.7nF/1kV
R39
D11
R48
300k R83
D32
1N4148
12K
1k R85
R84
2K2
R34
68k R86
1N4148
R66
D20
3
2
4
6k8
6K8
160K
100K
R42
1K
22K
R8
1uF/160V
68R
D1
R45
1N4148
D5
1N4148
POT5
1N4148
D30
D24
R71
R41 33k
12V
D14
R50
5M6
D6
1N4148
1K
4
1
R51
100R
100K
1
3
8k2
R52
R67
100k
D22
2
1K
R68
1N4148
R15
100k
R14
2K2
8K2
R49
8k2
15V
8k2
D7
T1
R55
R53
2
100nF
8k2
D25
R20
R56
4.7nF
D4
300k
100K
1K
1K
D8
D9
1K
1N4007
1N4007
R21
R65
R62
32
4.7nFC31
R22
1N4148
300VAC1
F1
15.9 Circuit Diagram – CONTROL BOARD
R78
R8
D14
POT5
R71
X1.
R13
R12
D10
R28
R50
R49
R51
R52
R34
R30
R75
C27
SWR
1
R32
R31
R37
R33
PRE-BIAS
C48 1 C39
1
R41
U1
Q18
C3
R27
R26
R73
1 C37
C30
D24
1
R29
POT7
R69
1
Q6
C50
R84
D33
R86
Q2
R87
1
1
C28
C29
D32
R83
R74
U2
R91
C26
R88
R56
R85
D15
Q7
U3
U4
C5
+
+
EBS
SW2
SW1
R15
Q4
Q1
U8
C43
R5
U13
X8.
U9
1
C31
U10
1
C18
D27
D28
D3
D2
C32
BR1
1
AMPC v.3D
X2.
D26
C33
R38
R4
1
1
D1
R14
R10
R17
R16
R18
BR2
+~
~ -
R6
R7
D12
R70
R42
Ig2LIM
Q5
EBS
C47
R21
R47
R48
POT4 R40
POT1
C9
R54
C14
R53
D16
D17
R55
Q10
1
C12
C13
SCREEN
R46
R67
C40
R61
R72
Q9
X6.
R66
R39
D13
D23
R43
D25
R44
R45
POT2
1
Q25
R36
1
D11
1
C10
R76
C11
C35
Q23
BIAS POT3
R35
C49
Q22
Q8
C19
1
C36
Q3
Q17
D35
C45
C1
1
D29
+~
~ -
+
C2
C8
1
1
U6
R3
D21
D22
R92
1
1
C42
C41
C15
C56 IPTRIP
1 C16
R23
C22
R89
Ig2
POT8
RL4
Q12
Q14
Q15
D5
D20
R25
R24
R20
R19
D4
RL1
C24
C54
C7
D8
D6
D7
R22
D9
U11
C25
R57
R60
R59
R58
Q11
C17
X5.
C53
1
RL2
C4
POT6
1
R2
1
+
1
1
1
U14
C51
- ~
~+
BR4
C21
C23
U5
C46
R90
Q13
D19
D18
R68
R65
R64
R63
R62
C52
1
X4.
C55
TP2
X9.
1
Q16
1
BR3
1
C6
C34
33
R1
EBS OFF
GND
1
X3.
Ip
X7.
1
C20
15.10 CONTROL BOARD – Component Legend (Silkscreen TOP)
AMPC V.3E
SILK SCREEN LAYER COMPONENT SIDE
Control Board – Solder Side Track work
AMPC V.3E
COPPER LAYER SOLDER SIDE
34
16 APPENDIX 2: WAVEFORMS
16.1 QSK (Optional module) Switching
Fig. 4
No “Hot switching”: The output relay (Top trace) switches first, then the RF drive is applied (Bottom trace)
16.2 Linearity
V
a=-1674mV,b=1958mV
V
21Apr2003 18:36
Fig. 5 Sample of linearity curve obtained on a DX-3 at 4000 W PEP output, by using a two-tone generator and a PC
oscilloscope in XY mode.
35
17 APPENDIX 3: ADJUSTMENTS
ADJUSTMENTS TO EMTRON “DX” AMPLIFIERS
CAUTION
Most of the following adjustments require the amplifier to be open and powered up.
This also implies defeating the mains interlock safety switch, which is extremely
dangerous since high voltage / high power DC and AC and RF voltages are exposed.
We do not recommend anyone to do this, since extreme precaution and safety
measures are required.
If however, this is attempted, it should be only by technical people qualified and
experienced in working with high voltage and high power circuits, including RF.
17.1 CONTROL BOARD
This procedure refers to adjustments made to the board already installed in the amplifier.
This would be required, for example, after replacing the tube or after certain repairs.
After a tube replacement only one or two adjustments are required: BIAS and (if EBS used): PRE-BIAS
17.1.1
PRE-BIAS ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT7, marked PRE_BIAS)
The pre-bias is required when the Electronic Bias Switching (EBS) is used. If the EBS link is kept in OFF position, the prebias does not need to be adjusted. PRE-BIAS must be adjusted before BIAS.
When EBS is activated (the default situation), keying the amplifier causes the plate current to stay cut off (as if the PTT
was off), until a small amount of drive is applied. The “Pre-bias” establishes a small plate current as soon as PTT is on.
The transition to full on is then less abrupt, while the tube dissipation is still reduced by using EBS.
PTT Off:
PTT On (no drive) and EBS on:
PTT On (no drive) and EBS off:
Ip = 0
Ip = Ipb (pre-bias current)
Ip = Ip0 (standing current)
PROCEDURE:
Remove the cover and connect a voltmeter (+) to the test point TP2 (top corner). (-) to the chassis.
Make sure the EBS link is in the lower (vertical board) or rear position (horizontal board) - (EBS ON).
See also Pictures in Fig. 6 and 7.
With the amplifier running, wait the warm-up time.
When READY, put OPR switch on and key the amplifier with NO INPUT DRIVE.
Read the voltage at TP2.
Adjust POT7 (PRE-BIAS) to obtain the desired pre-bias current.
Recommended pre-bias currents (POT 7, PRE_BIAS):
DX1b, DX-1d 10 to 30 mA
10 to 30 mV on the voltmeter
DX2:
15 to 40 mA
15 to 40 mV on the voltmeter
DX2SP:
15 to 40 mA
15 to 40 mV on the voltmeter
DX3:
20 to 60 mA
10 to 30 mV on the voltmeter
NOTE: the pre-bias current is not critical.
17.1.2
Clockwise to reduce current
Clockwise to reduce current
Clockwise to increase current
Clockwise to increase current
Vertical board
Vertical board
Horizontal board
Horizontal board
BIAS ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT3, marked BIAS)
Adjust Pre-Bias before adjusting Bias.
This adjusts the plate standing current, with the EBS Off and the amplifier keyed with NO INPUT DRIVE.
PROCEDURE:
Remove the cover and connect a voltmeter to the test point TP2 (top corner).
Put the EBS link is in the upper (vertical board) or forward position (horizontal board) - (EBS Off).
36
With the amplifier running, wait the warm-up time.
When READY, put OPR switch on and key the amplifier with NO INPUT DRIVE.
Read the voltage at TP2.
Adjust POT3 (BIAS) to obtain the desired bias current.
CAUTION: With a new tube, start at a low plate current. Rotate POT3 for minimum current before keying the amplifier.
With the adjustment in the wrong position, the plate current could reach very high values.
During this adjustment there is no output power. All the power taken from the high voltage supply is dissipated by the tube.
Be brief and quick. Put PTT on for a few seconds, then off. Repeat several times until the desired standing current is
achieved.
Recommended bias currents (POT3, BIAS):
DX1b, DX-1d 290 to 310 mA
290 to 310 mV on the voltmeter
DX2 and
370 to 380 mA
370 to 380 mV on the voltmeter
DX2SP:
370 to 380 mA
370 to 380 mV on the voltmeter
DX3:
740 to 760 mA
370 to 380 mV on the voltmeter
Clockwise to reduce current
Clockwise to reduce current
Clockwise to increase current
Clockwise to increase current
Vertical board
Vertical board
Horizontal board
Horizontal board
NOTE: After adjustment, move the EBS link back in the ON position (default) if EBS is desired.
The above 2 adjustments are required when changing the tube or when changing the control board.
The remaining following adjustments are pre-adjusted with a new control board and normally there is no need to change
them. A possible exception could be the SWR protection which might require some fine tuning after changing the control
board or the RF sensor module, but usually the factory pre-adjustment is close enough. Also EBS might need adjustment
depending on the personal preference of the operator (See 17.1.4)
17.1.3
SWR Protection adjustment
Adjustment: POT5, marked SWR.
This adjustment require a special jig with a load made of 2 non-inductive, high power resistors (at least 300W).
They can be switched between 130 ohm and 140 ohm. With a 50 ohm output these 2 loads give an SWR of 2.6:1 and
2.8:1 respectively. The adjustment is nominally for a ratio of 2.7:1 to trigger the protection in the form of antenna by-pass.
Usually this adjustment is performed on 20m (14.200 MHz) at full power.
With a 50 ohm dummy load, transmit and adjust for full power (or close to full power).
Stop transmitting and replace the 50 ohm dummy load with the special dummy load described above.
Switch the dummy load to 140 ohm and key the amplifier for just one second.
If the protection wasn’t activated immediately, increase the sensitivity (Rotate clockwise for DX-1, DX-2 and anti-clockwise
for DX-2SP and DX-3, which have horizontally installed boards – access on the component side).
Repeat applying power for a short time only, until the protection is triggered.
Switch the special dummy load to 130 ohm and repeat. This time the protection should not trigger. If it triggers, reduce the
sensitivity. Try several times using 130 and 140 ohm load. The protection threshold should be between these 2 values
(135 ohm, corresponding to 2.7:1 SWR).
17.1.4
EBS ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT4, marked EBS).
Usually this adjustment is performed on 20m (14.200 MHz), but it can be done on any band.
Transmit into a dummy load or antenna.
Apply very low input drive.
With the EBS activated (with the EBS jumper in the lower position, or ON):
Checking the existing adjustment: increase slowly the input drive, starting from zero, until the EBS system activates the
amplifier. This can be checked by watching the plate current or the RF output power or the current or power taken from the
AC mains. Any one of these can be monitored and a jump in reading happens when EBS switches.
Check that this happens for an input drive between 0.5 – 1 Watt.
Adjusting EBS: if the adjustment is not correct or you prefer a lower or higher setting, apply the desired amount of power
and then adjust POT6 until you find the limit where the EBS activates.
NOTE 1: a higher threshold is likely to give reports of the beginning of the words being cut off. If this is the case, a lower
37
threshold (higher sensitivity) can be used.
A low threshold can make the EBS activate erratically, for example due to the ambient noise of in the room, or even due to
the noise generated by the fan. This is not a problem in itself, except that the tube will dissipate extra power during the
times when you hold the key down but do not speak (eg between the words, while speaking). However, these moment are
usually brief and it won’t make much difference.
NOTE 2: for factory adjustment, a negative voltage with the value of 1.6 V is applied to the RFIN pin on the control board
when this board is checked, then when the amplifier is tested the adjustment is only checked with RF, but not changed.
17.1.5
SCREEN VOLTAGE ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT2, marked SCREEN)
The screen voltage can be measured on the pin marked EG2 on the control board (close to the jumper EBS, this pin has a
blue wire connected to it; in DX-3 it is easier to measure on either side of R18). The amplifier must be READY and on
OPR for the screen voltage to be present.
The nominal adjustment is 356V unloaded.
NOTE: the screen voltage does not need adjustment unless the value was altered by somebody.
17.1.6
SCREEN CURRENT LIMIT ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT1, IG2LIMIT)
Do not adjust this potentiometer, it has been factory adjusted and there is no need to change.
With the amplifier switched off or on STANDBY, remove the blue wire on pin EG2.
Connect an analogue mA-meter with a 100 mA full scale range (+ to the control board) and then (-) to an adjustable
resistive load with a range from 3-5 kohm to about 20 kohm (this jig is also required for the display board adjustment, it is
convenient to adjust the ig2 indicator at the same time). The other end of the resistor goes to the chassis.
The power rating must be 20 – 25 W (short time loading only).
Connect also a voltmeter to measure the screen voltage.
Put the front panel switch on OPR.
Start with a higher value (20 kohm) of the resistor and reduce the resistance gradually. At 10 kohm the reading will be
about 35 mA.
Continue reducing the resistance until the current reaches about 60 – 70 mA. The screen voltage must drop to about 300
V or less under this load.
If not, adjust POT1.
NOTE 1: While adjusting ig2 limit, the ig2 indicator on the display board can also be checked / adjusted at the same time.
NOTE 2: IG2 LIMIT can be checked / adjusted also by simply putting a mA-meter in series with the blue wire connected to
the EG2 pin on the control board. While operating the amplifier at full load, by rotating the LOAD knob, IG2 can be varied
and the screen voltage can be measured. This way the current limit of the screen regulator and the ig2 indicator on the
front panel can be checked quickly, without the need for a special load.
However, the amplifier has to be opened and wires used to extend the screen voltage connection to the blue wire to an
external current meter and volt meter.
17.1.7
IPTRIP ADJUSTMENT (Adjustment: POT6, marking: IP TRIP)
This is the sensitivity of the high plate current protection (cut-off).
When the plate current exceeds the adjusted limit, even for a very short time, the start-up timer is reset. The screen
voltage is cut off and the FAULT light turns on. To make FAULT light go off, the amplifier must be put on STANDBY. If left
on OPR, the operation will resume automatically at the end of the (about) 2 minutes warm-up time. During this time, any
RF power applied to the input is bypassed into antenna.
Connect a DC supply to pin TP2 on the control board (in the top corner).
With the amplifier powered and the READY light on, put the front panel switch on OPR.
Apply a current gradually increasing from zero and check that the protection is triggered at about 1.85 A of current. When
this happens, the FAULT light will turn on.
If the current value found is much different from 1.85 A, adjust POT6.
To repeat the adjustment or checking, you need to wait every time for the READY light to turn on again (about 2 minutes).
To speed up, the resistor R20 (5.6 Mohm) can be paralleled briefly with a lower value resistor (1k – 100k). Touch R20
with, say 10 kohm in parallel and the Ready light will turn on immediately.
38
SWR
BIAS
SCREEN
VOLTAGE
EBS
SENSITIVITY
SCREEN
CURRENT
LIMIT
EBS OFF
EBS ON
Ip
PROTECTION
Figure 6
39
PLATE
CURRENT
PROTECTION
EBS OFF
EBS ON
SCREEN
CURRENT
LIMIT
EBS
SENSITIVITY
SWR1
SWR4
SCREEN
VOLTAGE
PRE-BIAS
SWR
BIAS
(Ip0)
Figure 7
17.2 DISPLAY BOARD ADJUSTMENTS
The display board is pre-adjusted during testing. However, when installed in the amplifier, most adjustments need to be fine-tuned.
Remove the front panel glass to gain access to adjustments.
17.2.1
PLATE CURRENT (Adjustment: VR4, Marked: AMP)
Connect a power supply to pin TP2 on the control board: negative to TP2, positive to the chassis.
Apply a current with a value between 1 A and 2 A. Choose a convenient value close to the full scale on the Ip LED row on
the display board.
Adjust potentiometer AMP for correct indication.
17.2.2
PLATE VOLTATE (Adjustment: VR2, marked: VOLT)
Using a voltmeter with a high voltage probe, measure the plate voltage.
Adjust potentiometer VOLT for correct indication on the display.
17.2.3
REFLECTED POWER (Adjustment: VR3, marked: RF R)
Reverse the input and output RF connections:
- connect the transceiver or exciter to the output
- connect the dummy load to the input of the amplifier
Apply 100W drive and adjust “RF R” for 100W indication
Reverse again the RF cable - connect them the right way.
40
17.2.4
FORWARD POWER (Adjustment: VR1, marked: RF F)
On 20m, operate the amplifier at the full nominal power, as indicated by an external power meter:
750W for DX-1
1500W for DX-2
2000W for DX-2SP
3000W for DX-3
Adjust potentiometer “RF F” for correct display indication
17.2.5
SCREEN CURRENT (Adjustment: VR6, marked IG2+, VR5, marked IG2-)
ig2-: put VR5 in the middle position
ig2+: connect a mA meter in series with the screen supply, between the control board pin EG2 and the blue screen wire.
(See also the control board adjustment for IG2 LIMIT).
Generate a current in the mA meter, either by connecting a load, or by operating the amplifier close to full power.
Adjust VR6 for 4 LED's on, at the limit of starting to flash, for a current ig2+ of about 40mA.
41
17.3 RF SENSOR ADJUSTMENT
The amplifier is switched off for this adjustment.
Check if adjustment is required as per following procedure, before opening the sensor.
Unsolder and remove the metal cover.
Connect a transceiver to the input and a dummy load to the output of the amplifier.
Connect a voltmeter to pin SW1 or SW2 on the control board (with yellow/black wires).
Apply 30-50W RF on 20m (14.2MHz) and read the voltage.
Move the voltmeter on pin SW3 or SW4 (red/black wires) and read the voltage.
Typical readings:
- Yellow / black wires: 1 – 1.5 V
- Yellow / red wires: 100mV or less
Adjust the trimmer on the output side (left hand side) in the RF sensor for minimum reading on the yellow / red wires.
(Use an RF screwdriver).
Reverse the 2 RF cables: apply power to the output of the amplifier and put the dummy load on the input.
Apply power again.
The typical readings are the same, but reversed:
- Yellow / black wires: 100mV or less
- Yellow / red wires: 1 – 1.5 V
Adjust the trimmer on the input side (right hand side) in the RF sensor for minimum reading on the yellow / black wires.
Re-position the RF sensor cover and solder.
NOTE: the above voltages can be measured as explained above and if the readings are correct, no adjustment is
necessary (the sensors are pre-adjusted before being installed).
OUTPUT
SIDE
TRIMMER
INPUT
SIDE
TRIMMER
42
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement