2015-02-25 | PDF 3.30 MB
Keysight Technologies
Signal Generator Selection Guide
Introduction
Keysight Technologies, Inc. offers the widest selection of
signal generators from baseband to 67 GHz, with frequency extensions to 1.1 THz. From basic to advanced
functionality, each signal generator delivers benchmark
performance in its class to address the requirements in
design and manufacture of radio transceivers and their
components; and applications ranging from low-frequency
navigation signals, through cellular mobile radio, to millimeter wave radar, and satellite systems. Each offers
synthesized frequency accuracy and stability, excellent
calibrated level accuracy, and remote programmability.
Modulation capabilities vary from general-purpose AM,
FM and digital I/Q to standard-specific formats such as
GSM, W-CDMA, HSPA, LTE, LTE-Advanced, GPS, and
WLAN. Keysight provides signal generators in multiple
form factors, including benchtop and modular PXI.
This selection guide provides an overview and side-by-side
comparisons to help you determine which signal generator
is right for you. It is intended to supplement online selection tools available at www.keysight.com/find/sg.
Frequency coverage for Keysight signal generators
9 kHz
100 kHz
1 MHz
10 MHz
3 GHz
6 GHz
10 GHz
40 GHz
Microwave signal generators
UXG agile
PSG MW vector
PSG MW analog
MXG MW analog
EXG MW analog
Benchtop
RF signal generators
PSG RF analog
MXG RF vector
MXG RF analog
EXG RF vector
EXG RF analog
N9310A RF analog
Baseband products
Baseband generator and channel emulator1 Up to 160 MHz
Modular
Digital interface module
Up to 400 MHz (serial mode); up to 200 MHz (parallel mode)
PXI RF vector
PXI CW
PXI local oscillator
1. Additional high-performance baseband arbitrary waveform generators with up to 5 GHz analog bandwidth can be found at:
www.keysight.com/find/arbs
44 GHz
70 GHz
3 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
Product Categories
Benchtop and modular PXI signal generators
Benchtop signal generators are well-suited for R&D or
design verification, where analysis and troubleshooting
benefit from interactive analysis. Benchtop models range
from RF to microwave with a broad range of capabilities so
you can select which generator best suites your needs.
Key Specifications Comparison .................................... 4
Application and Software Comparison ....................... 6
Signal Studio Software ................................................. 7
Benchtop
PSG signal generators............................................. 8
X-Series signal generators.................................... 10
RF analog signal generator................................... 13
Baseband generator and interface module......... 14
Modular
PXI signal generators............................................. 15
Migrating from Legacy Signal Generators ................ 17
Modular PXI signal generators are ideal for applications
that require multi-channel measurement capabilities, fast
measurement speed, and a small footprint. They also offer scalability and flexibility to configure solutions with a
shared processor, chassis and other modular instruments.
The PXI vector signal generator can be used with the same
software applications as bench top signal generators,
providing measurement consistency and compatibility
throughout the product development cycle.
Baseband generator and channel emulator
Vector signal generators
Baseband generators (BBG) output complex I/Q signals
such as QPSK, and can have several modes of operation:
Vector signal generators or digital signal generators have
a built-in I/Q modulator to upconvert complex modulation
formats such as QPSK and 1024QAM. When combined
with an IQ baseband generator, virtually any signal can be
emulated and transmitted within the information
bandwidth supported by the system.
Analog signal generators
Analog signal generators supply sinusoidal continuous
wave (CW) signals with optional capability to add AM, FM,
ΦM and pulse modulation. The maximum frequency range
for analog signal generators spans from RF to microwave.
Most generators feature step/list sweep modes for
passive device characterization or calibration.
Agile signal generators
Agile signal generators are optimized for speed to quickly
change frequency, amplitude, and phase of the signal.
They also have the unique capability to be phase coherent
at all frequencies, all of the time. This attribute, along with
extensive pulse modulation and wideband chirp capabilities, is ideal for electronic warfare (EW) and radar applications.
–– Waveform playback mode to play repetitive signals for
component testing
–– Real-time mode to transmit non-repeating/dynamic
signals for receiver test
–– Digital IQ input or output mode to stimulate FPGAs,
DACs or ADCs
Channel emulators are used to simulate the medium
through which RF waves propagate. They can replicate
multi-path and multi-channel fading for SISO or MIMO
transceivers typically used to test the sensitivity, throughput or function of devices under test.
Signal creation software
Signal creation software products enable the generation
of a wide range of application-specific test signals using
vector signal generators. They can easily create signals
to evaluate the performance of radio designs and the
components that comprise them under various parametric
and functional test conditions at baseband, RF and microwave frequencies. Keysight’s Signal Studio software runs
on a PC and embedded software runs directly on the
signal generator.
4 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
Key Specifications Comparison— Agile and Vector Signal Generators
Benchtop
Modular
Specifications
UXG
PSG MW
MXG RF
EXG RF
PXI RF
Model number
N5193A
E8267D
N5182B
N5172B
M9381A
Performance
*****
*****
****
***
****
Frequency range (min. to max.)
10 MHz to 40 GHz
100 kHz to 44
GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
1 MHz to 6 GHz
Frequency switching (list mode)
370 ns
9 ms
800 µs
800 µs
< 10 to 240 µs
Sweep mode
Normal, list, fast CW
Step, list, ramp
Step, list
Step, list
Step, list
Output power (minimum)
-130 dBm
–130 dBm
–144 dBm
–144 dBm
–130 dBm
Output power
(maximum; at 1 GHz)
+10 dBm
+22 dBm (at 20
GHz)
+24 dBm
+21 dBm
+19 dBm
Level accuracy (at 1 GHz)
±1.5 dB
± 0.8 dB (at 20
GHz)
± 0.6 dB
± 0.6 dB
± 0.4 dB
SSB phase noise
(at 1 GHz; 20 kHz offset)
–144 dBc/Hz
(at 10 kHz offset)
–143 dBc/Hz
–146 dBc/Hz
(at 10 kHz offset)
–122 dBc/Hz
–122 dBc/Hz
Harmonics (at 1 GHz)
–50 dBc
–55 dBc
–35 dBc
–34 dBc
–35 dBc
Non-harmonics (at 1 GHz)
–70 dBc
–88 dBc
–96 dBc
–72 dBc
–70 dBc nominal
AM rate
DC to 10 MHz
DC to 100 kHz
DC to 50 kHz
DC to 50 kHz
6.2 MHz
FM deviation (maximum)
5% of carrier frequency
or 600 MHz, whichever
is less
1 to 128 MHz
1 to 16 MHz
2.5 to 40 MHz
1.24 MHz
PM phase deviation
(maximum in normal mode)
5% of (carrier frequency)/(modulation
frequency) or 600 MHz/
(modulation frequency)
or 12π, whichever is less
1 to 800 rad
0.5 to 8 rad
1.25 to 20 rad
10 rads
Narrow pulse width
10 ns
20 ns
20 ns
20 ns
20 ns
EVM (LTE)
N/A
0.8%
0.2%
0.2%
0.32%; 0.25% @
900 MHz
ACPR (3GPP W-CDMA TM1 64 DPCH)
N/A
–64 dBc
–73 dBc
(16QAM, 10 GHz)
–73 dBc
–70 dBc
Internal baseband generator RF BW
N/A
80 MHz
160 MHz
120 MHz
160 MHz
External I/Q modulator RF BW
N/A
Up to 2 GHz
Up to 200 MHz
Up to 200 MHz
N/A
Waveform playback memory
N/A
64 Msa
1024 Msa
512 Msa
1024 MSa
Baseband generator mode
N/A
Waveform
playback
and real-time IQ
Waveform
playback
and real-time
Waveform
playback
and real-time
Waveform playback
Phase coherent frequency switching
Standard
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Wide chirp capability
10% of carrier frequency
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Pulse descriptor word capability
Standard
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
5 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
Key Specifications Comparison—Analog Signal Generators
Benchtop
Modular
Specifications
PSG MW
MXG MW
EXG MW
PSG RF
MXG RF
EXG RF
RF
PXI local
oscillator
PXI CW
source
Model number
E8257D
N5183B
N5173B
E8663D
N5181B
N5171B
N9310A
M9302A
M9380A
Performance
*****
****
****
****
****
***
**
**
**
Frequency
range
(min. to max.)
100 kHz to
70 GHz
9 kHz to
40 GHz
9 kHz to
40 GHz
100 kHz to
9 GHz
9 kHz to
6 GHz
9 kHz to
6 GHz
9 kHz to
3 GHz
3 GHz to
10 GHz
1 MHz to
6 GHz
Frequency
switching
(list mode)
9 ms
600 µs
600 µs
9 ms
800 µs
800 µs
10 ms
500 µs
5 ms
Sweep mode
list, step,
ramp
list, step
list, step
list, step,
ramp
list, step
list, step
list, step
N/A
N/A
Output power
(minimum)
–135 dBm
–130 dBm
–130 dBm
–135 dBm
–144 dBm
–144 dBm
–127 dBm
N/A
–130 dBm
Output power
(at 1 GHz)
+26 dBm
+20 dBm
+20 dBm
+23 dBm
(at 20 GHz) (at 20 GHz) (at 20 GHz)
+24 dBm
+21 dBm
+13 dBm
+16 dBm
+19 dBm
Level accuracy
± 0.8 dB
± 0.7 dB
± 0.7 dB
± 0.6 dB
(at 20 GHz) (at 10 GHz) (at 10 GHz)
± 0.6 dB
± 0.6 dB
± 1.0 dB
± 2 dB
± 0.4 dB
SSB phase noise
(1 GHz,
20 kHz offset)
–126 dBc/Hz –124 dBc/Hz –101 dBc/Hz –143 dBc/Hz –146 dBc/Hz –122 dBc/Hz –95 dBc/Hz
(at 10 GHz, (at 10 GHz) (at 10 GHz) (at 10 kHz
offset)
10 kHz
offset)
–115 dBc/Hz –122 dBc/Hz
(10 GHz,
10 kHz
offset)
Harmonics
(at 1 GHz)
–55 dBc
–55 dBc
–55 dBc
–55 dBc
(at 10 GHz) (at 10 GHz)
–35 dBc
–35 dBc
–30 dBc
–20 dBc
–29 dBc
Non-harmonics
(at 1 GHz)
–88 dBc
–100 dBc
–72 dBc
–88 dBc
–96 dBc
–72 dBc
–50 dBc
–70 dBc
–70 dBc
AM rate
DC to
100 kHz
DC to
100 kHz
DC to
100 kHz
DC to
100 kHz
DC to
50 kHz
DC to
50 kHz
20 Hz to
20 kHz
N/A
N/A
FM deviation
(maximum)
1 to
128 MHz
1 to
128 MHz
2.5 to
320 MHz
1 to
16 MHz
1 to
16 MHz
2.5 to
40 MHz
100 kHz
N/A
N/A
PM phase
deviation
(maximum, in
normal mode)
1 to
1280 rad
0.5 to
64 rad
1.25 to
160 rad
1 to
160 rad
0.5 to
8 rad
1.25 to
20 rad
10 rad
N/A
N/A
Narrow pulse
width
20 ns
20 ns
20 ns
20 ns
20 ns
20 ns
100 µs
N/A
N/A
6 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
Applications, Core Capabilities, and Software Comparison
Benchtop
Applications and signal
creation software
Modular Benchtop
UXG
PSG
MW
Agile
Vector
MXG and PXI RF
EXG RF
PSG MW MXG and MXG and PSG RF
EXG MW EXG RF
N9310
RF
Analog
PXB
Baseband
Instrument embedded capabilities
USB power meter
Step/list sweep
●
●
●
AM, FM, PM, pulse
●
LF function generator
●
Ramp sweep
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Multitone, NPR
●
●
Noise (AWGN)
●
●
●
●
●
BERT
SystemVue, MATLAB
●
●
Phase noise impairments
Pulse Train
●
●
●
Real-time custom modulation
(PSK, QAM, FSK)
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Real-time fading
●
●
Signal Studio software
Cellular communications
LTE & LTE-Advanced FDD/TDD,
W-CDMA/HSPA+, cdma2000®,
1xEV-DO, GSM/EDGE/Evo,
TD-SCDMA
●
●
●
●
WLAN 802.11a/b/g/j/p/n/ac/ah,
Mobile WiMAX™, Bluetooth®
●
●
●
●
Fixed WiMAX
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
Wireless networking
Audio/video broadcast
DVB-T/H/T2/S/S2, DVB-C
(J.83 Annex A/C), J.83 Annex B
(DOCSIS DS), ISDB-T/Tmm,
ATSC, ATCS-M/H, DTMB
(CTTB), CMMB
T-DMB, DAB/DAB+/DMB-audio,
FM stereo with RDS/RBDS
Detection, positioning, tracking, navigation
Pulse building
●
●
Multitone distortion, NPR
●
●
GPS, GLONASS, Galileo,
Beidou, SBAS, QZSS
●
●
Wideband waveform center software
Wireless HD, WiGig, 802.11ad
●
●
●
●
7 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
Signal Studio Software
Simplify signal creation
Whether you are working on a single radio format or integrating multiple formats into a single device, easy access
to the right test signals streamlines validation and helps
ensure interoperability. Accelerate your work with Keysight
Signal Studio software, a flexible suite of signal-creation
tools that reduces the time you spend on signal simulation.
Its performance-optimized reference signals, validated by
Keysight, enhance the characterization and verification of
your devices.
Configure Signal Studio to match your requirements:
–– Choose basic or advanced levels of capability with
scalable option structure
–– Select the license type that fits your specific use case
and budget, including fixed, transportable, and 5- or
50-pack waveforms
–– Connect to a wide range of Keysight instruments
Leverage and customize built-in signals with flexible signal
generation, additive impairments, graphs, convenient connectivity and automation, and embedded and online documentation. Control your vector signal generator directly
from the software GUI and/or instrument front panel.
Connect your vector source to Signal Studio—and simplify
signal creation.
Free Trial License
Free 30-day trials of Signal Studio software are
available to evaluate the user interface and generate
signals. Redeem a trial license online at
www.keysight.com/find/SignalStudio_trial
General purpose
–– Jitter injection
–– Multitone, NPR
–– Waveform download utility
–– Power amplifier test
–– Custom modulation
Cellular communications
–– LTE & LTE-Advanced FDD/TDD
–– W-CDMA/HSPA+, cdma2000, 1xEV-DO, GSM/EDGE/
Evo, TD-SCDMA
–– Test case manager
Wireless connectivity
–– WLAN 802.11a/b/g/j/p/n/ac/ad/ah
–– DFS
–– Mobile WiMax, Fixed WiMax
–– Bluetooth, Bluetooth Low Energy
–– Wi-SUN 802.15.4g
Audio/video broadcasting
–– DVB-T/H/T2/C/S/S2
–– ATSC, ATSC-M/H, J.83B (DOCSIS)
–– ISDB-T/TSB/TB/Tmm
–– DTMB(CTTB), CMMB
–– DAB/DAB+/DMB/T-DMB
–– AM, FM, FM Stereo RDS/RBDS
Detection, positioning, tracking, and navigation
–– Pulse building
–– GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, Beidou, SBAS, QZSS, radar
www.keysight.com/find/SignalStudio
8 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
PSG Signal Generators
The PSG is the industry's most trusted microwave signal generator, with thousands of units deployed in hundreds of
programs around the world. With metrology-grade performance and evolving capabilities across RF and microwave
frequencies, it continues to enable new designs that stay ahead of emerging threats.
PSG microwave signal generator
E8267D vector
–– Test advanced receivers with realistic wideband radar,
EW, and SATCOM waveforms up to 44 GHz
–– Flexible, integrated 80 MHz AWG, real-time and baseband generator to simulate cellular, wireless, GPS and
custom communications
–– Exercise advanced EW, radar, and satellite systems
with Signal Studio, a vector PSG, and a wideband
AWG such as the Keysight M8190A for up to 2 GHz
bandwidth
–– Test phased-array systems and direction-finding
receivers with multiple phase-coherent signals
generated by linking up to 16 vector PSGs
www.keysight.com/find/E8267D
PSG microwave signal generator
E8257D analog
–– Meet test system needs across a wide range: 20, 31.8,
40, 50, and 67 GHz models available (add frequency
extender modules to cover up to 1.1 THz)
–– Test high-power devices and overcome test system
losses with options capable of generating more than
1 W (+30 dBm) of output power
–– Address the demanding needs of Doppler radar, ADC,
and receiver-blocking tests with extremely low phase
noise: -91 dBc/Hz at 100 Hz offset and
–126 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset (10 GHz)
–– Test your DUT with the highest quality signals—the
PSG combines metrology-grade frequency and level
accuracy with excellent distortion and spurious characteristics
www.keysight.com/find/E8257D
Key specifications
E8267D MW vector
E8257D MW analog
Frequency range (min. to max.)
100 kHz to 44 GHz
100 kHz to 70 GHz
Frequency switching
9 ms
9 ms
Output power (at 20 GHz)
+22 dBm
+26 dBm
Level accuracy
± 0.6 dB
± 0.6 dB
SSB phase noise (10 GHz; 10 kHz offset)
–126 dBc/Hz
–126 dBc/Hz
Harmonics
–55 dBc
–55 dBc
EVM (QPSK)
0.8%
N/A
ACPR (16 QAM)
–64 dBc
N/A
Internal baseband generator RF BW
80 MHz
N/A
9 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
PSG Signal Generator (continued)
Millimeter Wave Accessories for the
PSG Signal Generator
Millimeter wave sources are essential instruments
for developing almost all millimeter-wave systems.
Easily extend the frequency range of your E8257D or
E8267D PSG signal generators with these multiplier
modules from select partners.
Millimeter-wave source modules from
OML, Inc.
PSG RF signal generator
E8663D analog
The E8663D PSG RF analog signal generator provides the
industry’s lowest phase noise in a commercially-available
signal generator. With optional analog modulation (AM,
FM, ØM, and pulse) capability, superior level accuracy, and
high output power, the E8663D is the right choice for demanding applications such as radar system development,
satellite communications evaluation, or when a very low
noise local oscillator or reference signal is needed. Built on
the outstanding legacy of the 8663A, the E8663D delivers
improved performance and is fully code-compatible with
its predecessor for seamless upgrades to existing test systems. Enhanced narrow pulse modulation and high output
power are optionally available.
The E8257DSxx-Series of external, frequency banded
millimeter-wave source modules provide synthesized
frequency performance, millimeter-wave test signals
for waveguide bands from 50 to 500 GHz.
Signal generator frequency extension
modules from VDI, Inc.
The E8257DVxx-Series of signal generator frequency
extension modules provide high power, synthesized
frequency performance millimeter-wave test signals
for waveguide bands from 50 GHz to 1.1 THz.
www.keysight.com/find/E8663D
Key specifications
Frequency range (min. to max.)
100 kHz to 9 GHz
Frequency switching
9 ms
Output power
+23 dBm
Level accuracy
± 0.6 dB
SSB phase noise (1 GHz; 10 kHz offset)
–143 dBc/Hz
Harmonics
–55 dBc
www.keysight.com/find/sg_mmwave
10 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
X-Series Signal Generators
Crafted to create signals capable of testing your very best devices and designs, the X-Series signal generators offer
industry-leading performance and low cost of ownership. A proven, scalable platform combined with cost-effective
calibration and internal diagnostics allows you to buy the capabilities you need today and easily upgrade to meet future
requirements.
UXG agile signal generator
N5193A
The UXG agile signal generator creates realistic, multiemitter threat simulations for EW test. Off the shelf, the
UXG is a powerful building block as a dependable LO or
a scalable threat simulator. By blurring the lines between
analog and vector technologies, the UXG lowers the
barrier between new intelligence and up-to-date signal
scenarios.
Key specifications
N5193B UXG
Frequency range (min. to max.)
10 MHz to 20 GHz or 40 GHz
Frequency switching speed
370 ns
Frequency/amplitude/phase
update speed
180 ns
Output power
–130 to +10 dBm
Harmonics
–50 dBc
Non-harmonics
–70 dBc
Phase noise
–126 dBc at 10 GHz,
10 kHz offset
Minimum pulse width
10 ns
–– Using direct digital synthesis (DDS) and a Keysightproprietary digital-to-analog converter (DAC), the
UXG can update frequency, amplitude, and phase settings in as little as 180 ns, with built-in phase repeatability
–– It is the first source to directly accept pulse descriptor words (PDWs), reducing test programming time
by quickly generating long pulse trains while allowing
individual pulse control
–– The UXG can simulate advanced radar signals, generating pulses as narrow as 10 ns with 3 ns rise/fall
times and an 90 dB on/off ratio and chirps as wide as
10 to 25 percent of the carrier frequency
–– An optional attenuator provides 80 dB of agile amplitude changes and 120 dB of overall amplitude range
to mimic antenna scan patterns
www.keysight.com/find/N5193A
11 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
X-Series Signal Generators (continued)
MXG microwave signal generator
N5183B analog
EXG microwave signal generator
N5173B analog
The MXG is the pure and precise alternative to the analog
PSG, with advantages in size and speed. It delivers the
performance you need to perform module- and systemlevel testing—fast—in only two rack units.
The EXG is the cost-effective choice when you need to
balance budget and performance. In just two rack units,
it provides the essential signals that address parametric
testing of broadband filters, amplifiers, receivers, and
more.
–– Meet test system needs up to 13, 20, 31.8, or 40 GHz
–– Address demanding tests of radar modules and systems with best-in-class phase noise of ≤ 124 dBc/Hz
(10 kHz offset) with –75 dBc spurious (at 10 GHz)
–– Save space and maintain test rigor with near-PSG
performance levels in just two rack units
–– Accelerate your calibration process with best-in-class
switching speed of less than 600 μs
www.keysight.com/find/N5183B
–– Perform basic LO upconversion or CW blocking with
low cost coverage to 13, 20, 31.8, or 40 GHz
–– Characterize broadband microwave components such
as filters and amplifiers with the best combination of
output power (+20 dBm at 20 GHz), low harmonics
(≤ 55 dBc), and full step attenuation)
–– Use as a high-stability system reference with standard
high-performance OCXO at an aging rate of less than
± 5 x 10-10 parts per day
–– Shrink your test stand with optional integrated multifunction generator and USB power sensor interface
www.keysight.com/find/N5173B
Key specifications
N5183B MXG microwave analog
N5173B EXG microwave analog
Frequency range (min. to max.)
9 Hz to 40 GHz
9 Hz to 40 GHz
Frequency switching
600 us
600 us
Output power (20 GHz)
+20 dBm
+ 20 dBm
Level accuracy (10 GHz)
± 0.7 dB
± 0.7 dB
SSB phase noise (10 GHz)
–124 dBc/Hz
–101 dBc/Hz
Harmonics (10 GHz)
–55 dBc
–55 dBc
12 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
X-Series Signal Generators (continued)
MXG RF signal generators
N5182B vector and N5181B analog
EXG RF signal generators
N5172B vector and N5171B analog
To help you reach better performance, the MXG X-Series
vector and analog signal generators are fine-tuned to be
your “golden transmitter” in R&D. Whether you’re pushing
for a linear RF chain or an optimized link budget, the MXG
delivers what you need: phase noise, ACPR, channel coding, and much more. Reveal the true performance of your
devices and test your designs within and beyond their
limits with the MXG.
To help you achieve faster throughput and greater uptime,
the cost-effective EXG X-Series signal generators are
optimized for manufacturing test. With analog and vector
models, the EXG provides the signals you’ll need for basic
parameter testing of components and functional verification of receivers. Get “just enough” test at the right price
with the EXG.
–– Maximize test margins on the production line with
industry-leading ACPR
–– Maximize throughput with < 800 µs simultaneous
switching of frequency, power and waveform type
–– Enable rapid, accurate tests using Signal Studio’s
predefined, standards-based waveforms
–– Shrink your test stand with two rack-unit height and
integrated multi-function generator and USB power
sensor interface
–– Test radar receiver sensitivity or characterize ADC
with industry-leading phase noise
–– Characterize nonlinear PA behavior with industryleading ACPR and output power
–– Test 802.11ac with < 0.4% EVM, or characterize multicarrier PAs with < ± 0.2 dB flatness across 160 MHz
bandwidth
–– Go beyond standard application requirements with
sophisticated real-time and waveform-based Signal
Studio software
www.keysight.com/find/N5182B
www.keysight.com/find/N5181B
Key specifications
www.keysight.com/find/N5172B
www.keysight.com/find/N5171B
MXG RF vector
N5182B
MXG RF analog
N5181B
EXG RF vector
N5172B
EXG RF analog
N5171B
Frequency range (min. to max.)
9 kHz to 6 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
Frequency switching
800 µs
800 µs
800 µs
800 µs
Output power
+24 dBm
+24 dBm
+21 dBm
+21 dBm
Level accuracy
± 0.6 dB
± 0.6 dB
± 0.6 dB
± 0.6 dB
SSB phase noise (1 GHz; 20 kHz offset)
–146 dBc/Hz
–146 dBc/Hz
–122 dBc/Hz
–122 dBc/Hz
Harmonics
–35 dBc
–35 dBc
–35 dBc
–35 dBc
EVM (LTE)
0.2%
N/A
0.2%
N/A
ACPR (3GPP W-CDMA TM1 64 DPCH)
–73 dBc
N/A
–73 dBc
N/A
Internal baseband generator RF BW
160 MHz
N/A
120 MHz
N/A
13 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
RF Analog Signal Generator
RF signal generator
N9310A analog
The N9310A is a general-purpose RF signal generator
covering a frequency range from 9 kHz to 3 GHz. Ideal for
manufacturing, education, and service maintenance, it
delivers affordable, reliable performance. If your application only requires a simple continuous wave (CW) source,
the N9310A RF signal generator provides just enough
functionality at the lowest price.
–– Optimized for low-cost consumer electronics
manufacturing test, education, and service and repair
–– Optional I/Q modulator 40 MHz bandwidth
(ext. I/Q inputs only)
–– USB interface, with flash memory support
www.keysight.com/find/N9310A
Key specifications
Frequency range (min. to max.)
9 kHz to 3 GHz
Frequency switching
10 ms
Output power
+13 dBm
Level accuracy
± 1.0 dB
SSB phase noise (1 GHz; 20 kHz offset)
–95 dBc/Hz
Harmonics
–30 dBc
14 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
Baseband Generator and Interface Module
PXB baseband generator and channel
emulator N5106A
Digital signal interface module
N5102A
The PXB lets you customize test cases and validate designs under real-world conditions with the broadest range
of test parameters. Create fully-parameterized signals
for established and evolving standards with Keysight
Signal Studio. In addition, the PXB lets you model the
signal-propagation environment with fully-parameterized,
real-time channel emulation (fading). With the largest
playback memory available, you can run longer test sequences to better approximate real-world signals. You can
also capture signals up to 512 Msa from your own device
for post processing.
The N5102A digital signal interface module provides fast
and flexible digital inputs and outputs for the MXG and
EXG X-Series vector signal generators, E8267D PSG vector signal generator and N5106A PXB baseband generator
and channel emulator. In output mode, you can deliver
realistic, complex-modulated signals such as LTE, HSPA,
W-CDMA, GPS, WLAN, digital video, custom pulses, and
many others directly to your digital devices and subsystems. In the input mode, the interface module ports your
digital input to the signal generator's baseband system,
providing a quick and easy way of upconverting to calibrated analog IF, RF, or µW frequencies.
With less instrumentation to manage, the PXB simplifies test setup. You need only one box for multi-format
baseband generation, real-time fading and signal capture.
With it, you can construct over 20 configurations to meet
your test needs. These configurations, along with external
instrument connections, can be redefined in seconds using
the PXB user interface.
–– Up to 160 MHz modulation and signal capture bandwidth
–– 512 Msa playback and signal capture memory per
channel
–– Up to six BBGs and 16 faders for interference, diversity
and MIMO test
www.keysight.com/find/N5106A
In both operating modes, the interface module adapts to
your device with the logic type, data format, clock features, and signaling you require. With its 3-meter extension cable and a selection of connector types, the interface module connects easily to your device, in most cases
eliminating the need for custom fixtures.
–– Up to 400 MHz in serial mode, 200 MHz in parallel
mode
–– Provision for internal, external, or device clocking
–– Independent data input and output rates; adjustable
clock phase and skew
www.keysight.com/find/N5102A
15 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
PXI Signal Generators
PXIe vector signal generator
M9381A
PXIe CW source
M9380A
Optimized for RF device design validation and manufacturing test environments, the M9381A PXI VSG delivers
a combination of speed, performance, and multi-channel
capability. Built on a flexible, scalable modular platform,
the M9381A PXI VSG is the low-risk way to manage
change and be ready for tomorrow—today.
With high output power and accurate amplitude control,
the M9380A PXIe CW source is a compact, cost-effective
analog source, ideal for LO substitution, interference injection, and wireless component test. With fast PXI architecture and multiple drivers and programmatic interfaces, the
M9380A is designed for high-speed automated test.
–– Fast amplitude and frequency switching to reduce test
time
–– Scalable platform fits up to 4 channels in one chassis,
and 8 channels in multi-chassis configuration
–– Channels time synchronized to within 1 ns and phase
coherent to within 1 degree
–– Up to 160 MHz RF bandwidth
–– Easily integrate into test environments with IVI-COM,
IVI-C, LabVIEW, and MATLAB drivers
www.keysight.com/find/M9380A
www.keysight.com/find/M9381A
Keysight Quality and Support in PXI
Keep measurement quality while reducing your cost
of ownership with Keysight’s unique RF modular
calibration and fast core exchange strategy. Keysight
PXI signal generators are factory calibrated, shipped
with ISO-9002, NIST traceable Cal certificate, and
include a 3-year warranty.
www.keysight.com/find/pxi-vsg
Key specifications
M9381A PXIe vector
M9380A PXIe CW source
Frequency range (min. to max.)
1 MHz to 6 GHz
1 MHz to 6 GHz
Frequency switching
< 10 to 240 µs
5 ms
Output power (at 1 GHz)
+19 dBm
+19 dBm
Level accuracy
± 0.4 to 1 dB
± 0.4 to 1 dB
SSB phase noise (1 GHz; 20 kHz offset)
–122 dBc/Hz
–122 dBc/Hz
Harmonics
< –34 dBc
< –29 dBc
EVM (LTE)
0.32%
N/A
ACPR (3GPP W-CDMA TM1 64 DPCH)
–70 dBc
N/A
Internal baseband generator RF BW
160 MHz
N/A
16 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
PXI Signal Generators (continued)
PXI local oscillator
M9302A
Waveform Creator
The M9302A PXI local oscillator (LO) is optimized for fast
settling time to allow for fast frequency down conversion
in aerospace and defense applications, such as radar and
wideband signal capture, and in wireless communications
applications. The M9302A is a two-slot 3U PXI VCObased 3 GHz to 10 GHz LO. The fast switching time and
low phase noise of this LO make it an ideal component
of a microwave vector signal analyzer. When integrated
in the Keysight M9392A PXI vector signal analyzer, then
combined with 89600 VSA software, the M9302A provides
a complete signal analyzer solution enabling analysis of
communications, radar and avionics signals to 26.5 GHz in
a modular open-system standard.
–– ± 0.5 ppm frequency temperature stability (0 to 50 °C)
–– 0.1 Hz tuning resolution
–– PXI 2-slot 3U
www.keysight.com/find/M9302A
Key specifications
Frequency range (min. to max.)
3 to 10 GHz
Frequency switching
1 ms
Output power
+16 dBm
Level accuracy
± 2 dB
SSB phase noise (10 GHz; 10 kHz offset)
–115 dBc/Hz
Harmonics
–20 dBc
The M9099 Waveform Creator is a software application
focused on easy development of complex baseband and
vector signals used in the validation and test of digital
communications products. Built around a “drag and drop”
graphical user interface, Waveform Creator allows quick
development of multi-format, multi-track waveforms with
waveform segments displaced in frequency and time. Its
modularity supports multiple waveform types and VSG/
AWG instruments to be plugged in, supporting expansion
to include both current and future waveform types and
instruments.
Waveform Creator options:
- Digital modulation
- DOCSIS 3.1
- SystemVue
- File-based write
www.keysight.com/find/m9099
17 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
Migrating from Legacy Signal Generators
Carefully planned instrument migration and modernization can maximize your test-system efficiency, performance, and
readiness, while minimizing risk and potential disruptions, keeping you at the leading edge in the competitive marketplace.
The Keysight PSG and X-Series signal generators are designed as evolutionary replacements to their in-class predecessors. Take advantage of their performance, flexibility, speed, and modern connectivity in replacing legacy Keysight signal
generators.
MXG/EXG MW
analog
N5183B/N5173B
100 kHz to 44 GHz 100 kHz to 70 GHz
PSG MW vector
E8267D
PSG MW analog
E8257D
9 kHz to 40 GHz
8780A
E2500B
8340A/B
8341A/B
83620A/B
83622A/B
83623B/L
83624A/B
83630B/L
83640B/L
83650B/L
83711A/B
83712A/B
83731A/B
83732A/B
83751A/B
83752A/B
N5183A
8672A
8763A/B/C/D
8340A/B
8341A/B
83620A/B
83622A/B
83623B/L
83624A/B
83630B/L
83640B/L
83711A/B
83712A/B
83731A/B
83732A/B
83751A/B
83752A/B
PSG RF analog
E8663D
MXG RF vector
N5182B
MXG RF analog
N5181B
EXG RF vector
N5172B
EXG RF analog
N5171B
8662A/B
8643A
8644B
8645A
8664A
8665A/B
E4438C
E4428C
N5182A
N5181A
ESG-DP Series
E4434B
E4435B
E4436B
E4437B
ESG-AP Series
E4423B
E4424B
E4425B
E4426B
ESG-D Series
E4430B
E4431B
E4432B
E4433B
ESG-A Series
E4400B
E4420B
E4421B
E4422B
100 kHz to 9 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
9 kHz to 6 GHz
8672A
8763A/B/C/D
8647A
8648A/B/C/D
8662A/B
8643A
8644B
8645A
8664A
8665A/B
8656B
8657A/B/D/J
Migrate to the X-Series RF signal generators
www.keysight.com/find/X-Series_SG_Migration
Migrate to microwave signal generators
www.keysight.com/find/Microwave_SigGen_Migration
Convert test systems to modular solutions
www.keysight.com/find/pxi
18 | Keysight | Signal Generator Selection Guide
myKeysight
www.keysight.com/find/mykeysight
A personalized view into the information most relevant to you.
www.axiestandard.org
AdvancedTCA® Extensions for Instrumentation and Test (AXIe) is an
open standard that extends the AdvancedTCA for general purpose and
semiconductor test. Keysight is a founding member of the AXIe consortium.
ATCA®, AdvancedTCA®, and the ATCA logo are registered US trademarks of
the PCI Industrial Computer Manufacturers Group.
www.lxistandard.org
LAN eXtensions for Instruments puts the power of Ethernet and the
Web inside your test systems. Keysight is a founding member of the LXI
consortium.
www.pxisa.org
PCI eXtensions for Instrumentation (PXI) modular instrumentation delivers a
rugged, PC-based high-performance measurement and automation system.
Three-Year Warranty
www.keysight.com/find/ThreeYearWarranty
Keysight’s commitment to superior product quality and lower total cost
of ownership. The only test and measurement company with three-year
warranty standard on all instruments, worldwide.
Keysight Assurance Plans
www.keysight.com/find/AssurancePlans
Up to five years of protection and no budgetary surprises to ensure your
instruments are operating to specification so you can rely on accurate
measurements.
www.keysight.com/go/quality
Keysight Technologies, Inc.
DEKRA Certified ISO 9001:2008
Quality Management System
Keysight Channel Partners
www.keysight.com/find/channelpartners
Get the best of both worlds: Keysight’s measurement expertise and product
breadth, combined with channel partner convenience.
For more information on Keysight
Technologies’ products, applications or
services, please contact your local Keysight
office. The complete list is available at:
www.keysight.com/find/contactus
Americas
Canada
Brazil
Mexico
United States
(877) 894 4414
55 11 3351 7010
001 800 254 2440
(800) 829 4444
Asia Pacific
Australia
China
Hong Kong
India
Japan
Korea
Malaysia
Singapore
Taiwan
Other AP Countries
1 800 629 485
800 810 0189
800 938 693
1 800 112 929
0120 (421) 345
080 769 0800
1 800 888 848
1 800 375 8100
0800 047 866
(65) 6375 8100
Europe & Middle East
Austria
Belgium
Finland
France
Germany
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Luxembourg
Netherlands
Russia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
United Kingdom
0800 001122
0800 58580
0800 523252
0805 980333
0800 6270999
1800 832700
1 809 343051
800 599100
+32 800 58580
0800 0233200
8800 5009286
800 000154
0200 882255
0800 805353
Opt. 1 (DE)
Opt. 2 (FR)
Opt. 3 (IT)
0800 0260637
cdma2000® is a registered certification mark of the Telecommunications Industry
Association. Used under license.
For other unlisted countries:
www.keysight.com/find/contactus
WiMAX™ is a trademark of the WiMAX Forum®.
(BP-09-23-14)
Bluetooth® and the Bluetooth logos are trademarks owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc, U.S.A.
and licensed to Keysight Technologies, Inc.
www.keysight.com/find/sg
This information is subject to change without notice.
© Keysight Technologies, 2013 - 2015
Published in USA, February 25, 2015
5990-9956EN
www.keysight.com
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