slide presentation (PDF-6MB)

slide presentation (PDF-6MB)
2/29/2016
Tech Update 2016
Passenger Safety
Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service
in cooperation with
Texas Department of Transportation
Passenger Safety
1
About Bob…
• Bob i s a Retired Law Enforcement
Offi cer from Fairfax County
• He currently coordinates the child
passenger safety programs for the
Pri nce William County, VA,
Department of Fire & Rescue.
• Bob s erved a s a member of the
National Child Passenger Safety Board
a nd s erved as the Chair in 2011 a nd
compl eted his tenure in Ja nuary 2013.
Bob is currently the Global Car Seat
Advocate for NUNA Baby Essentials
2
About Joe…
• Joe ha s been a child passenger
s a fety a dvocate for 22 yea rs.
• He currently teaches, consults,
develops programming a nd more
for public agencies, private
compa nies and other groups i n the
U.S. a nd a broad.
• Joe s erved a s a member of the
National Child Passenger Safety
Board, s erved as the Chair in 2003,
a nd completed his tenure in 2004.
Joe is currently the owner of Traffic
Sa fety Projects, a company that works
on child passenger safety a nd other
motor vehicle risk a reas
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Fact or Fiction
Fact or Fiction
Car seats that have been in minor
crashes can continue to be used.
Fiction
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More Details
In 2003 NHTSA defined a minor crash
as one where ALL these criteria are met:
-
Vehicle was able to be driven away
from crash site
- Vehicle door nearest to child restraint
was undamaged
- NO injuries to ANY vehicle occupants
- Air bags did NOT deploy or open
- No visible damage to child seat
Follow the instructions for the specific model
Example
More Details
• ONLY manufacturers know whether it is
safe to continue using THEIR products.
• We CANNOT override OR not
specifically refer to those instructions.
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Fact or Fiction
Observational studies are showing a
significant increase in the use of booster
seats by children ages 4 to 7…
FICTION
Fact or Fiction
CR Manufacturers do not test forward
facing CRs installed with just lower
anchors (no tether)…
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FICTION
More Details
• If a tether anchor is available and
appropriate, a forward-facing CR SHOULD be
tethered whether installing with lower
anchors OR with a seat belt.
• “Convertibles, sports cars, and some very
heavy trucks need not have top tether
anchors.”
• “A top tether can reduce the distance that
the child’s head moves forward by 4-6 inches
and can thus lessen the risk of head injuries
in a crash.”
Fact or Fiction
Car seats can no longer be used if they
are more than 6 years old.
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Fiction
The late 1990s JPMA recommendation
of 6 years was in response to changing
safety standards, and most
manufacturers adopted that useful life
period. Now we are seeing expirations
of 7-10 years increasing. Follow the
instructions for the specific model and
manufacture date.
Fact or Fiction
If a change has been made in CRS
manufacturer instructions, it is typically
retroactive.
Fiction
Changes are NOT retroactive unless the
manufacturer specifies that they are.
For example, Safety 1st once required
handles to be in the “down” position.
Later instructions stated that handles
could be in “any” locked position. New
instructions require handles to be in the
“up” position. Follow the instructions that
come with the specific seat.
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A Few Examples
-
Handle position
Correct lock-off use
Rear-facing tether use
Forward-facing tether use
Correct recline angle
Minimum and maximum weight limits
Lower anchor limitations
Infant inserts or harness covers
Fact or Fiction
A child reaching the height of 4’9” is a
good indicator that he or she is ready to
ride in just a seat belt because vehicle
design vehicle seats to fit people 4’9” or
taller…
FICTION
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Fact or Fiction
Car seat covers can never be machine
washed or dried.
Fiction
While many car seat manufacturers
instruct users to clean covers with mild
soap and water and drip dry, some now
allow certain models’ covers to be
machine washed and dried using
delicate settings. Follow the instructions
for the specific model and manufacture
date because the fabrics and treatments
used may differ.
Fact or Fiction
All car seats manage crash energy the
equally and in the same basic ways…
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Fiction
Energy management features can
transfer external crash forces away from
children. Many different designs and
materials are used to absorb and
mitigate external forces, and how this is
done varies by manufacturer and even
by model.
A Few Examples
-
Shell and frame structure
Crushable foam or other inserts
Tether designs and attachments
Anti-rebound features
Anti-rotation features
Harness friction features
Deep, padded side wings
Fact or Fiction
15-Passenger vans are more likely to be
unstable if they are not loaded properly
or are overloaded
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FACT
If most of the weight is on the driver’s
side, this puts pressure on the left rear
tire which may blow. Fully loaded vans
cause the center of gravity to shift
rearward and upward, increasing the
likelihood of a rollover. Never load gear
on the top of a van, which also
increases risk of a rollover.
More Details
- Front and back tires may require
different inflation pressures (doorsill)
- Tires may have uneven wear, cracks,
and damage
- Exposure to sunlight and sitting
parked for long periods can lead to
deadly tire degradation and dry rot
- As weight inside a van increases, so
does the propensity to roll over
Fact or Fiction
Motor vehicle fatalities continue to
decrease as they have since 2008…
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FICTION
“Preliminary estimates indicate motor
vehicle deaths were 8% higher in 2015
than they were in 2014 – the largest
year-over-year percent increase in 50
years. The Council estimates 38,300
people were killed on U.S. roads, and
4.4 million were seriously injured,
meaning 2015 likely was the deadliest
driving year since 2008.”
More Details
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
41,059
37,261
33,808
32,885
32,367
33,561
32,719
32,675
2015 Estimates
38,300 Killed
4,400,000 Injured
Fact or Fiction
The rotation and rebound of a rearfacing CR is a good illustration of “ride
down” of crash forces…
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FICTION
• Closely coupling the occupant to the vehicle
allows the occupant to benefit from the
vehicle crushing extends the period of
deceleration and minimizes the amount of
force the occupant experiences (ride down)
• Stretching of harnesses and deformation of
other system parts reduces the length of
time that the strongest forces are
experienced
• Technology that combines and balances
these energy management experiences
results in optimal occupant protection.
Where Are We Now?
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Ride Down Feature Examples
•
•
•
•
•
Load legs / stability legs
Anti-rebound bars
Tethers (RF or FF)
Serpentine lap belt routing
Other belt routes or lock-offs that use both
the lap belt and the shoulder belt to restrain
the car seat
– European routing of for RF seats
– High shoulder belt routing for tethering effect
Fact or Fiction
Most children between ages 1 and 3 are
properly restrained rear-facing…
Fiction
A 2013 NHTSA observational study found
that only 83% of children 1 to 3 years old
were restrained in harnesses.
- 10% rear-facing
- 73% forward-facing car seats
- 9% booster seats
- 3% seat belts
- 5% completely unrestrained
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Fact or Fiction
Child passenger safety efforts are only
important until a child has outgrown a
booster seat…
Fiction
Non-restraint and improper restraint use
actually increase as children get older.
Restrained or Unrestrained
Source: NHTSA
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Fact or Fiction
3 out of 4 car seats are used
incorrectly…
FACT
Overall Critical Child Restraint Misuse
was 72.6% (critical = misuse that can be
expected to raise the risk of injury)
“While installing and using child safety seats
may appear to be easy enough, the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration has
estimated that close to 3 out of 4 parents do
not properly use child restraints.”
More Details
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Energy
Management
Features
Vehicle Features:
New Belts & Bags
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cert.safekids.org/resources-faqs
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Manufacturer Customer Service
Vehicle Electronics
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Vehicle Electronics
Vehicle Electronics
Latch Plate
Changes
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Locking Latchplate
(continued)
4-13
Switchable Latchplate
Adult
Position
Car Seat
Position
4-14
Dynamic Locking Latchplate
• Lock the lap-andshoulder belt when
loaded by occupant
during a crash
• Not intended to
provide locking of seat
belt for a car seat
Front
Back
Dynamic Locking Latchplates
4-15
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What do they do?
•
•
•
•
Webbing slides freely during normal driving
Clamp is engaged by body’s motion in a crash
Maintains ideal lap and shoulder portions
Greatly improves performance
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Where are they found?
•
•
•
•
Began being seen in 2010 GM models
Now in many domestic and foreign models
Originally limited to front seats
Now found in some rear seats (e.g. 2015
extended-cab versions of GMC Canyon and
Chevy Colorado pickups
Dynamic Locking Latchplate Summary
• Improve occupant protection for adults
• CANNOT be used to secure car seats
• Current versions have switchable retractors
on the same belt system for car seats
• READ the INSTRUCTIONS!
• Moving parts on the latchplate no longer
means “locking latchplate” (for CR
installation or for class testing)
Car Seat Features:
Energy Management
Expanding
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Evenflo SafeMax
Britax – HUGS
DIONO
For children over 65
pounds using the
harnesses, the second
set of longer “sticky
pads” replaces the
original set
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Side Impact Features
IIHS Testing
Side Impact Crashes
• Side impact crashes are among
the deadliest type of crashes for
children, accounting for 1 in 3
child crash fatalities, nearly all
of which are caused by head
trauma
• A child’s head is most
vulnerable and accounts for 95
percent of all injuries sustained
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Side Impact Standard
• Currently FMVSS 213 only requires frontal testing
• January 28, 2014 NHTSA published NPRM for SI
testing—comments taken for 90 days
• These comments will all be considered before
final rule is made
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Side Impact Standard
What is proposed:
Test all CR for children <40#, (including harnessed
and BPB seats) with 12 month dummy and new 3
yo/32# SI dummy (Q3s) which is more biofidelic of
a child’s body
Compliance won’t be required for several years
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Side Impact Technology
• Many seat manufacturers already
produce restraints with added side
impact protection
• Internal testing to their own standards
• Some currently use the European side
impact crash test standard
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Side Impact Enhancements
- All manufacturers are looking at
enhancements
- Different internal testing protocols
currently being used
- Many different designs to car seats
- Seats are getting deeper with more head
and neck protection
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Side Impact Enhancements
34
Side Impact Enhancements
Side Impact Enhancements
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5 1 10 p. 37
Side Impact Enhancements
38
AIR Protect Plus
• Air Protect came
out 5 years ago
(Side Cushions)
• Air Protect Plus
will be
supplemented
with G Cell HX, a
new foam
Side Impact Enhancements
39
• Recaro Side impact foam
air cushion to protect
occupant sitting next to
seat
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Rebound Control
Rear Facing Tethering
Swedish Method
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Technology brings
change…
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Britax Transition
Example – Foonf Add-On Bar
Rebound Control (anti-rebound) Bars
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Example – More surface area
Example – Evenflo Embrace
Handle as Rebound Control
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Handle as Rebound Control
Rotation &
Rebound Control
Rear Facing Tethering
Australian Method
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Load Legs (aka Stability Legs)
What is a stability leg?
Three
Manufacturers
with
Load/Stability
Legs now
•NUNAPipa
•Aton 2
•Aton Q
•Aton Cloud
•GB
Q. What are the benefits of
using the base’s
stability leg ?
The stability leg is not new to
the world of car seats, it has
been used in Europe for many
years. This new to you feature
greatly reduces rotation of the
car seat during a crash, by as
much as 90% or more.
This is important for the
protection of the child’s head,
neck and spinal cord. By
reducing rotation the child is
supported by the shell and the
energy absorbing material.
stability leg
security
keeps seat more intact during
a forward impact
reduces forward movement
during a
forward impact by up to 90%*
decreases baby's head
injury values up to 33%*
indicators turn green when the
stability leg is properly
connected to the car
*based on USA FMVSS 213 testing
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Rear-facing car seat without a load leg
test starting angle 40.45° from v ertical
seat at full rotation, j ust ov er 63° from
v ertical
about 23° of total rotational mov ement
Nuna PIPA with a stability (load) leg
test starting angle 36.28° from
vertical
seat at full rotation, still at 36.28° from
vertical
measured 0° of total rotational
movement
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Rear facing car seats with vs without
No stability leg
Pipa with Stability leg
Nuna Pipa without a stability (load) leg
Test starting angle
36.12°°from vertical
Seat at full rotation, just over 54.6°° from
vertical
about 18.5°° of total
rotational movement
Rebound is also effected by a load leg
At 66ms the seat is
rebounding back, at 1.37°° degrees rotation
ertical
Seat at full rebound, note that rebound can
also be greatly reduced by the stability leg
preventing the infant seat from loading
into the vehicle seat.
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Question:
What is ridedown?
How does
the stability
leg impact
ride-down?
The inf ormation on this
page is f rom our
f riends at CarSaf ety.org “Ride-Down
Time”.
Ride-Down Time: Child passenger safety advocates often stress the
importance of "ride-down time." This term simply refers to the time it
takes for a person to come to a complete stop in a crash.
•Even a slight increase in this stopping time can reduce the risk of injury
considerably. This is perhaps the most fundamental concept in keeping
passengers alive in a crash.
•Take the case of a child in a car seat. Ideally, you want the child coupled
as tightly as possible to the harness system and car seat, and the car
seat coupled as tightly as possible to the vehicle with the seatbelt or
LATCH system. When you do this, the child gains all the benefit of "ridedown time" provided by the crushing frame of the vehicle in a crash.
•With a loose installation of any kind, the child gets less ride-down time
and suffers a more severe crash into the harness system.
•Car seats themselves are not designed provide much ride-down
time; their main functions are to prevent ejection and to allow the
child to be coupled tightly to the vehicle so the frame can provide
the necessary ride-down time.
• The stability leg supports the seat (prevents
rotation) so the spine can be evenly supported
along the seat back during a collision.
Ride-down
with load
legs
• The stability leg and rigid lower attachments
(LATCH) allow the child seat to be coupled tightly to
the vehicle so it can utilize the engineered crush
zone of the vehicle to dissipate the energy of a
crash.
• The vehicle has a few feet worth of metal crush
structure to absorb crash energy vs. a car seat
which has a few inches of plastic. By coupling
tightly to the vehicle the car seat with a load leg
can ride down the crash with the vehicle. HIC
values are also decreased.
European Belt Routing
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70
European Belt Routing
71
European
Belt
Routing
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European S/B Routing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Combi Cocorro
Cybex Aton, Aton 2, Aton Q, Cloud Q
Maxi Cosi Mico AP (some versions) and Nxt
Nuna Pipa
Peg Pérego Primo Viaggio 4–35
Recaro Coupe
Snug Ride Classic Connect 35 *
UPPABaby Mesa
Urbini Petal
75
European Belt Routing
• Been around many years in Europe
• Used on RFO seats without base
• Reduces forward motion of the seat in
frontal crash
• Great for smaller cars
• Limits side to side motion during side
impact
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Tech Update 2016
BREAK
Passenger Safety
76
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CPS Technical UPDATE 2015-16
Produced by:
Emilie Crown, RN
Montgomery County Fire Rescue
Bob Wall
Prince William County
Department of Fire & Rescue
In Concert with:
Joe Colella
Passenger Safety
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1
ABC SHOW UPDATE 2015
•
•
At this years show there were six manufacturers
Child
Restraints
that had new
seats and
some changes and others
that had small changes.
Rule making on FMVSS 213 is still pending and
until it is finalized we may not see many new
products on the market.
Seats shown and presented in this presentation
are in no order of preference or importance. This
presentation is not intended to be inclusive of all
of the seats available on the market or in
development or production.
2
Trends Seen at ABC 2015
More accessories available
Load/Stability Legs continue
Side impact protection advancements
Tweaks and label changes to current
products
Not too many new seats, but some, and
many on the horizon
More use of rebound bars/rear handle
positions
Passenger Safety
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Doona seat now in 25 different
countries worldwide.
• Launched in US this summer.
• Seat plus base cost $499.
• Seat is a stroller and a RFO car
seat. It is certified for use in US
and Europe, and is certified for
use as a car seat and a stroller.
• Many tests to pass!
Passenger Safety
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4
There is an installation section on their website.
Seat has been made lighter, and there are running
changes to try and make it more “idiot proof”.
A lot of effort being taken to try and explain this
product, train sales people and distributors, etc, so it
will never be sold in “box” stores.
Passenger Safety
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Passenger Safety
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5
6
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Bamboo newborn insert now is labeled to remove at
11#--it is mandatory to use under 11#.
Handle should always be used in the rebound position
when used without base.
The US version of the seat has a reinforced belt path
and the belt guide for installation without the base is
on the handle itself.
Passenger Safety
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Passenger Safety
8
Passenger Safety
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7
8
9
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Snug Ride 30
• Will be out in the market in Jan/Feb 2016.
• They have added a front-adjust harness to their lowest
price model seat, and have added a cap to the base to
“flatten it out some”. Cost will be $99.
• NOTE: A couple of Graco’s lowest-price SR30’s in travel
systems will still have back-adjust harness straps, as well
as the industrial/factory versions of the seat.
Passenger Safety
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SN U G R IDE ® 30 C LIC K C ON N E C T™
M SRP $ 9 9 .9 9
NEW fr o n t -a d j u st h a r n ess
Helps protect rear-facing
infants from 4-30 lbs and up to
30 inches
Easy to carry - Ultralightweight carrier weighs only
7 lbs
5-point front adjust harness
adjusts for easy in & out
LATCH-equipped
Specifications
14”H
17.5” W
26.75” D
7 w/o Base
11 w/ Base
MAX WEIGHT/HEIGHT
Up to 30 lbs
Up to 30”
11
SNUGRI D E ® 30 LX C LI C K C O NNE C T ™
M SRP $ 1 2 9 .9 9
Specifications
Grows with baby from 4-30
lbs and up to 30 inches
Easy to Carry – Ultralightweight carrier weighs
only 7 lbs
15.6”H
11.75” W
28” D
7 w/o Base
13.7 w/ Base
5-point front adjust harness
for easy in and out
MAX HEIGHT/WEIGHT
Accurate Installation Angle
with 6-position base
4-30 lbs
Up to 30”
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4-Ever and Milestone seats
• No major updates to these seats. BRU now has
the 4-Ever with Safety Surround.
My Size, Size 4 Me, Fit 4 Me… with rapid remove
• Two major changes: Now there is just one Latch
system (like the Contender) and the cover can
now be removed while seat is still installed in the
car. There are just 4 snaps to undo for the rapidremove cover
Passenger Safety
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SIZE4ME™ 65
M SRP $ 1 7 9 .9 9
F E AT U R I N G R a p i d R e m o v e
Specifications
Machine-washable RapidRemove™
cover removes in 60 seconds
without uninstalling the seat
23.43”H
22.05” W
18.50” D
Simply Safe Adjust Harness System
is safe & simple with a one-hand,
no re-thread harness
19.29
MAX W EIG H T/ H EIG H T
REAR-FACING:
4-40lbs
Child’s head must be 1”
below the red handle
FORWARD-FACING:
22-65 lbs
27-49”
InRight™ LATCH provides a onesecond LATCH attachment
Engineered & crash tested to meet
or exceed US FMVSS 213
14
Extend 2 Fit (NEW)
• This seat was a finalist in the JPMA Innovation award
this year. It is designed to Safely Fit a child RF for a
longer period of time. This seat provides 5 extra inches
of leg room when the leg extension panel (has four 1”
increment settings) is used.
• There are also 6 different reclines on the base (3 for RF
and 3 for FF--#4 can be either RF or FF)
Passenger Safety
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Seat is rated for 4# to 50# RF
10 adjustments in the no re-thread harness
10-year expiration date as seat steel reinforced
Push button Latch with a bar that is integrated inside
the seat to slide the LA’s from RF to FF
Fuss free harness pockets
This seat will be in the market Jan/Feb 2016.
This is Graco’s #1 launch in 2016!
Passenger Safety
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16
MSRP $199.99
E XT E N D2FIT ™
4-position extension panel
provides 5” additional leg
room
Specifications
25.16”H
21.73” W
19.76” D
Simply Safe Adjust™ Harness
System adjusts the height of
harness and headrest in one
motion
19.75
MAX W EIG H T/ H EIG H T
REAR-FACING:
4-50lbs
Child’s head must be 1”
below the handle
FORWARD-FACING:
22-65 lbs
27-79”
6-position recline and 10position adjustable headrest
Fuss-Free Harness Storage
and LATCH equipped
17
Atlas 65 (NEW)
• Seat just came out in the market on .com sites.
• 2-in-one seat, 22-65# with harness and 30-100# as a
BPB 2-position recline
• Child must be 4 yo for HBB and backless BPB use
• 10-position no re-thread harness, 2 cup holders and
front adjust harness
Passenger Safety
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18
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AT LA S™ 65
M SRP $ 1 2 9 .9 9
Specifications
2-in-1 Booster: 5-point harness
and highback booster
25”H
19” W
22” D
Simply Safe Adjust Harness
System adjusts the height of
harness and headrest in one
motion
18
2-position recline and 10position headrest
MAX WEIGHT/HEIGHT
5-POINT HARNESS:
22-65 lbs
27”-49”
HIGHBACK
BOOSTER:
30-100 lbs
38”-57”
Integrated harness storage
compartment
19
Nautilus
Nautilus name only now—no more Argos.
All of the Nautilus seats will have a no re-thread harness
and an added third crotch position. All of the FF weight
limits have been changed to start at 22# instead of 20#
Nautilus 65 (NEW)
Now available - will not have an insert
It will be 22-65# in harness mode, 30-100# as a HBB, and
40-100# as a backless booster.
Passenger Safety
20
20
Nautilus 65 LX
• Has upgraded fabrics, and buckle cover pockets. The
backless BPB will go to 120#.
Nautilus 80 Elite
• Rated from 22-80# with harness
• Has covered arm rests and lock off.
• The insert on this seat must be used up until 30#.
Passenger Safety
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21
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2/29/2016
N A U T ILU S™ 65
3-in-1: 5-point harness, high-back
booster and backless booster
Simply Safe Adjust Harness System
adjusts the height of harness and
headrest in one motion
3-position recline and 5-position
headrest
Seat pad, harness and buckle covers
are comfortable and machinewashable
M SRP $ 1 4 9 .9 9
Specifications
28”H
20” W
18” D
20.53
MAX W EIG H T/ H EIG H T
5-POINT HARNESS:
22-65 lbs
27”-49”
HIGHBACK BOOSTER:
30-100 lbs
38”-57”
BACKLESS FACING:
40-100 lbs
40”-57”
22
N A U T ILU S™ 65 LX
3-in-1: 5-point harness, high-back
booster and backless booster
Simply Safe Adjust™ Harness System
adjusts the height of your harness
and headrest in one motion
M SRP $ 1 6 9 .9 9
Specifications
28”H
20” W
18”D
20.52
3-position recline and 5-position
headrest
Fuss-Free harness storage holds the
buckle out of the way
MAX W EIG H T/ H EIG H T
5-POINT HARNESS:
22-65 lbs
27”-49”
HIGHBACK BOOSTER:
30-100 lbs
38”-57”
BACKLESS BOOSTER:
40-120 lbs
40”-57”
23
N A U T ILU S™ 80 E LIT E
3-in-1: 5-point harness up to 80
lbs, high-back booster and
backless booster
M SRP $ 1 9 9 .9 9
Specifications
3-position recline and 5-position
headrest
28”H
20” W
18” D
Simply Safe Adjust™ Harness
System and Fuss-Free harness
storage
20.52
Fabric covered, contoured
armrests with cup holder, storage
compartment and pocket
MAX W EIG H T/ H EIG H T
5-POINT HARNESS:
22-80 lbs
27”-52”
HIGHBACK BOOSTER:
30-100 lbs
38”-57”
BACKLESS BOOSTER:
40-120 lbs
40”-57”
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2/29/2016
M SRP $ 2 2 9 .9 9
MILE STON E ™
3-in-1: Rear-facing harness, forwardfacing harness and high-back booster
Specifications
25.5”H
19.7” W
16.25” D
Simply Safe Adjust™ Harness System
adjusts the height of harness and
headrest in one motion
19.8
4-position recline and 10-position
headrest
MAX W EIG H T/ H EIG H T
REAR-FACING:
5-40 lbs
Head must be at least 1”
below red handle
FORWARD-FACING:
22-65 lbs
27”-49”
HIGHBACK BOOSTER:
30-100 lbs
38”-57”
InRight™ LATCH provides a one-second
LATCH attachment
25
4E VE R™
M SRP $ 2 9 9 .9 9
The only TRUE all-in-one car
seat: 4 seats in 1
Specifications
24”H
21.50” W
20 ” D
Simple Safe Adjust™ Harness
features a one-hand, no rethread harness
22.75
MAX W EIG H T/ H EIG H T
REAR-FACING:
4-40lbs
Head must be at least 1”
below handle
FORWARD-FACING:
22-65 lbs
27”-49”
HIGHBACK BOOSTER:
30-100 lbs
38”-57”
BACKLESS BOOSTER:
40-120 lbs
40”-57”
InRight™ LATCH provides a onesecond LATCH attachment
6-position recline and 10postion adjustable head rest
26
T U R B OB OOST E R ® LX
M SRP $ 8 9 .9 9
F E AT U R I N G Tr u e S h i e l d
Specifications
2 seats in 1 – converts easily to a
backless booster
25.59”H
16.93” W
9.21” D
One-second LATCH attachment
secures the booster for easy selfbuckling
MATRIX
10.76
Integrated cup holder and
hideaway storage compartment to
store your child’s favorite things
Engineered & crash tested to meet
or exceed US safety standard
FMVSS 213
MAX WEIGHT/HEIGHT
HIGHBACK BOOSTER:
30-100 lbs
38”-57”
BACKLESS BOOSTER:
40-100 lbs
40”-57”
MATRIX
27
9
2/29/2016
Baby Jogger “City Go” Rear-Facing Only Infant Carseat
The City Go is based on the SnugRide 35 LX, so it has similar
features to that seat yet meets the needs of the Baby Jogger
customer.
No-rethread harness
A more square handle
Huge 50 SPF canopy
Euro-style baseless install allowed
All-new base with dual bubble recline indicators
6-position adjustable base
Push-on LATCH
Passenger Safety
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28
Adventures with Baby from Day 1
Securely attaches to your favorite Baby
Jogger stroller to create a travel system.
Clicks into easy-install base for car trips
Taxi-safe belt path for installation without
the base, on the go
Easy Install
Push button LATCH for easier LATCH install
Belt lock-off for easier seatbelt install
Additional Features:
One-hand headrest and harness adjustment
3-Panel Canopy with 50+ UV Protection
6-position base adjustability
Dual bubble level indicators
Infant insert
5-point harness
US MSRP: $229
Target In-Store Date: late March 2016
30
Rollover Enhancements
Evenflo (Previewed July 2015)
• Platinum SafeMax™
• Babies R Us –early 2016
• First rollover-tested car seat
• –All-In-One
• –RF: 5 –40 lbs
• –FF: 22 –65 lbs
• –BPB: 40 –120 lbs
Passenger Safety
30
10
2/29/2016
Evenflo
safemax all-in-one car seat:
• Four safety layers of premium material for advanced protection
at head
• Dynamic Rollover test and Evenflo SI test
• Steel integrated frame
• Infinite slide harness with non-removable harness—webbing
helps limit head excursion
• Newly designed hip covers and crotch buckle cover
• RF 5-40# and 40” and 22-65# FF, 40-120# and min of age 4 as a
BPB and up to 57” in height
• Machine washable Cup holders can be removed and are
dishwasher safe,
• Parent Link Premier comes with this seat with a live video
install and real-time chat support—Warranty extended to 2
years from 90 days
31
Passenger
Safety expiration date.
• 10-year
31
Evenflo
Passenger Safety
32
32
Evenflo
Advanced SensorSafe Embrace
Comes with and without Sensor Safe technology.
Sensor Safe won the JPMA Product Innovation award this year
and also just won The Bump--Best of Baby Tech Awards for 2016.
When using Sensor safe, the parents get the “sound” every time
they use it. The receiver plug that comes with it is installed into
the vehicle OBD (Onboard diagnostic) port. Once the parent
installs this, they are done. The chest transmitter is already on
the chest clip of the seat. They use the seat the way they
normally would, and if the chest clip is unbuckled there is a
sound within 30 seconds and when the vehicle ignition is shut
off, the sound is heard within 2 seconds. Vehicle must travel 5
mph for 30 seconds first.
Passenger Safety
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33
11
2/29/2016
Evenflo
Lite Max
This seat is at BRU now for $149
One-step lock-off on base for stand alone sales
Base with travel system is different: has a two step lockoff
There is a body pillow too
Follow instructions re hip straps and different widths
Passenger Safety
34
Passenger Safety
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34
35
Evenflo
Right Fit High-Back booster
For all Evenflo Backless BPB’s, child MUST be at least
40# and 4 years old. This is true for all Evenflo
combination seats too.
Evenflo does allow 30# and 4 yo to be in the following
high-back boosters: Big Kid Sport, Advance LX and DLX
as well as Right Fit.
Passenger Safety
36
36
12
2/29/2016
Passenger Safety
37
37
Evenflo
Transitions
3-in-1 Combination seat
Used to be only at Walmart, but now open line seat.
22-65# and up to 120# as a BPB
For booster mode, 4 yo age minimum
Passenger Safety
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38
Evenflo
Evolve
Sold at BRU. A 3-in-1 seat There is a recline feature on
this seat.
You MUST use the tether if using the LA’s and it is
recommended if using seat belt too. If tether anchor is
available, you must use it.
Passenger Safety
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39
13
2/29/2016
Passenger Safety
40
40
Tech Update 2016
LUNCH
11:45 AM (CT) – 12:45 PM (CT)
41
Passenger Safety
Baby Trend
Baby Trend acquired all of the First
Years/TOMY/Compass tooling and intellectual
property.
Baby Trend built their own seats starting early
2015.
The head shape of the EPS foam is patented.
(Protect Convertibles and Yumi belt positioning
booster)
No Rethread harness shoulder height
adjustment is patented. (Convertibles)
Passenger Safety
Yumi Boosters - No Gap Height Adjustment
42
42
14
2/29/2016
Baby Trend
Patented head shape EPS foam
Passenger Safety
43
43
Baby Trend
ProTech Sport - a t Wa l ma rt for $139
•
No re-threa d ha rness, a nd you do not
need to cha nge the ha rness to wa sh the
cover. Pa tented
•
The i ns ert tha t comes wi th the seat just
grows wi th the chi ld-do not us e i n
forwa rd fa ci ng positions.
There wi l l be a ground-level i ndicator.
Thi s s eat i s s hipping i n October s o will
be i n the s tores in Ja nuary.
Ca n be us ed RF up to 22#, wi thout
hea drest or until head is just below the
top of the s hel l. Ca n be us ed RF up to
40# wi th hea drest or unti l head is just
bel ow the top of the s hell
•
•
•
Passenger Safety
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44
Baby Trend
ProTect Sport
• Tota l RF i s 5-40# a nd FF to 65#.
• It wi l l have the Baby Trend type of
s pl itter plate, and Baby trend LA
connectors a s well.
• There i s a flip foot on the s eat, no
l ock offs a nd a push-button crotch
buckl e a djustment
• Pa tented no rethread shoulder
hei ght a djustment.
Passenger Safety
45
45
15
2/29/2016
Baby Trend
Pro Tect Premier
• At Target.
• Dual bubble indicators in
the base.
• 5 positions of recline –3
for RF and 2 for FF (no flip
foot).
• Seat will sell for $169.
• Seat comes with more
soft goods, better fabric.
• EZ off cover for washing,
as well as a grow-with-me
insert.
Passenger Safety
46
46
Baby Trend
Pro Tech Elite
• This is the higher price point seat
and will be out in Qtr 2 2016.
• It will sell for $179-$189.
• Dual bubble indicators in the base.
• 5 positions of recline –3 for RF and 2
for FF (no flip foot).
• Three integrated lock offs (2 for RF
and one center one for FF).
• There will be integrated removable
cup holders
• RF Integrated infant head support
and side impact.
• No re-thread harness system.
47
Passenger Safety
47
Baby Trend
Secure 32
• This RFO seat goes to 32#
and 32” and is currently in
the market at Target.
• There is a centerintegrated lock off in the
base, and both LA’s are
independently operated.
• There are loops in the
straps to pull them tight.
Sells for $119 at Target
with a base.
Passenger Safety
48
48
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2/29/2016
Passenger Safety
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49
Baby Trend
Yumi Pro Tech
Folding booster seat
Sells for $69 at Walmart
This booster is taller,
wider and has better side
impact containment.
It is rated for 30-100#.
It has a full floating back
with huge cup holders and
three positions for the
shoulder belt to be
adjusted.
Passenger Safety
50
Passenger Safety
51
50
51
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2/29/2016
Passenger Safety
52
52
Baby Trend
EZ Loc 30’s
They will still be sold with travel systems
EZ Loc 32
No changes, staying the same
EZ Flex
32# and 32”, with older style base. Only sold at BRU
The Flex Loc or EZ Flex Loc 30# will fit in any new Baby
Trend base. Extra bases are $49.
Passenger Safety
53
53
Baby Trend
Secure 35
Coming out in Spring 2016 at BRU
35# and 32”
Baby Trend RFO seats have a 6-year expiration date.
Fast Back
with rigid Latch—they hope to bring back rated to
70# in harness mode.
Passenger Safety
54
54
18
2/29/2016
Baby Trend
Hybrid 2
• Has a 10-year expiration date,
2-position crotch buckle with
different lengths
• Will have mini connectors, and
will be out in Qtr 2 2016
• Insert best for 30# and under.
• Current Hybrid seat only
weighs 13#, sells for $99. You
can also scan their QR codes
and get the instruction manual
too.
Passenger Safety
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Passenger Safety
56
Passenger Safety
57
55
56
57
19
2/29/2016
Dorel Juvenile
Mico-Max 30
• 4-30# and 32”$249.99
• Has a wedge insert from 4# to correct harness fit
• Came out last December-- Has Air Protect
• Pad removable without removing harness due to
velcro
• Anti-rebound bar on base
• Machine wash and dry cover
• New accessory: Canopy for $29.99
• 13 different colors, self-wicking fabric
Passenger Safety
58
58
Dorel Juvenile
Prezi -- Being phased out
Mico AP -- currently in market is being
phased out
Mico 30 $199,
• EZ off pad
• 5-30# and 32”
• No rebound bar and no Air Protect
• Need to re-thread harness, has 4 slots has “fingers” to remove pad for washing
Passenger Safety
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59
Dorel Juvenile
Pria 70 $249.99
• 9-70# and up to 52”
• Updated December 2014
• Snap off pads for washing (machine wash and
dry)
• Self wicking fabric
Only the Pria 70 comes with Tiny Fit and starts
at 4#. This sells for $289.99 and only comes in
Black
Passenger Safety
60
60
20
2/29/2016
Dorel Juvenile
Pria 85
• Out beginning of 2014 - 14-85#
• Has T-shirt/Jersey fabric, snap off pads
• No re-thread harness, harness holders
• Both the Pria70 and Pria 85 have air protect, but no
g-cell and both go RF to 40#
Currently all Prias start at 22# FF (the minimum of age 2
for FF not on this seat yet)
There is a canopy available for all convertible seats with
a flip out visor too.
Passenger Safety
61
61
Dorel Juvenile
Vello 65 is now the Vello 70 and goes from 9-70#.
• 9-40RF and 22-70 FF with 52” max height
• This seat sells at Target
• Has no self-wicking fabric or integrated cup
holders
• Sells for $229.99
RodiFix
• BPB with rigid LATCH
• Goes from 40-120#
• There are new fabrics that are self-wicking and
seat is identical to ones sold in Europe.
Passenger Safety
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62
Dorel Juvenile
By mid-late 2016, the Alpha Omega seat should
be all sold out
Sears and K-Mart by mid 2016 and Walmart by Nov 2016.
Currently the AO all-in-one seat sells for $99 at Walmart
and is an exclusive seat for them.
The Easy Elite seat will start in Walmart as an exclusive
seat in January. It goes 5-40# RF,22-50 FF and 40-80# as a
BPB.
Passenger Safety
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63
21
2/29/2016
Dorel Juvenile
Continuum: This is seat that will replace the
Alpha Omega.
• It has a 50# harness, and goes to 80# as a
BPB.
• Retails for $129-$149 and is very similar to
the Grow and Go.
• This seat will be out in Qtr 1 2016 at Target
and Sears, and will be in Walmart by mid
2016.
Passenger Safety
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Passenger Safety
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64
65
Dorel Juvenile
These next three seats all have QR codes with
installation videos and are fully assembled out of the
box.
Scenera Next: allows head to be level with the top
of shell for RF use. (Dorel RFO seats state head must
be 1” below top of shell) Sells for $44.98 only at
Walmart
Passenger Safety
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66
22
2/29/2016
Dorel Juvenile
Apt 50 $59-$69
• Goes 5-40# RF, 22-50# FF (height 29-43”), as long
as child is 2 years old
• 5 harness slots
Grow and Go $169
• Two levers to adjust the Quick Fit system.
• Maximum LATCH weight is 40#
• Three recline positions (2 RF and 1 FF)
• Three crotch strap positions
Passenger Safety
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67
Grow and Go
Passenger Safety
68
Passenger Safety
69
Three recline positions (2 RF and 1 FF) and
three 68
crotch strap positions
69
23
2/29/2016
Safety First
Grow and
Go Air
Passenger Safety
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70
Dorel Juvenile
Comfy
• Better fabric and padding
• Will be out Quarter 1 for $99 at Buy Buy Baby.
Safety First Grow and Go Air
• Air Protect and can go in washer and dryer (tumble dry)
• Introduced in July 2015.
• Five adjuster positions
• Cover removes without taking off the harness—just take out
the inserts and undo two snaps.
• Hook on connectors
• 5-65# and has less width than the APT 50
• There are dual level lines
Passenger Safety
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71
Maxi Cosi / Quinny
Has teamed up with
Rachel Zoe for versions
of the Pria and MaxiCosi Mico seats with
genuine leather, bold
detailing, “cognac”
leather handles and
chunky gold zippers!
Passenger Safety
72
72
24
2/29/2016
Maxi Cosi / Quinny
Passenger Safety
73
73
Maxi Cosi / Quinny
Passenger Safety
74
74
CYBEX – Goodbaby
CYBEX is part of Goodbaby
International, so are
Evenflo, Urbini, and GB.
CYBEX products are under
Columbus Trading Partners,
and Regal Lager is no
longer the distributor.
Passenger Safety
75
75
25
2/29/2016
CYBEX – Goodbaby
CYBEX Products in the US 2016
Aton US with Aton Base US (without load leg)
Aton 2 US with Aton Base 2 US (load leg)
Aton Q US with Aton Base 2 US (load leg)
Cloud Q US with Load Leg Base US (load leg)
GB Products in the US 2016
Asana DLX with Base at BRU
Asana Gold with Base at Specialty Stores
Idan with Base at Specialty Stores
Passenger Safety
76
76
CYBEX – Goodbaby
CYBEX Aton Q
• has product changes—there was an issue with the 8position head rest, so now they are using an EPS inlay
• uses Aton Base 2 US with Load Leg
CYBEX Cloud Q
• Will be out by end of 1st Quarter 2016
• This has a full recline (15 degrees)/bassinet-type function
when on a stroller.
• Car Seat cannot be installed in vehicle when in reclined
position.
• Carrier-only: belt path blocker
• Carrier+Base: lockout system to prevent attachment to
base
Passenger Safety
77
77
CYBEX – Goodbaby
CYBEX Cloud Q – Cont.
• Uses a unique Base with Load Leg
• Carry handle MUST be in DRIVE position for use in vehicle
with or without base.
• Cloud Q is a heavier seat than the other seats
CYBEX Aton
2
CYBEX Aton
Passenger Safety
78
78
26
2/29/2016
CYBEX – Goodbaby
CYBEX Aton Q
CYBEX Cloud Q
79
79
Passenger Safety
CYBEX – Cloud Q Load Leg Base
US
80
80
Passenger Safety
CYBEX – L.S.P.
Passenger Safety
81
81
27
2/29/2016
CYBEX – L.S.P.
Passenger Safety
82
82
CYBEX – L.S.P.
Passenger Safety
83
83
GB – Goodbaby
Passenger Safety
84
84
28
2/29/2016
Goodbaby
Good Baby sells seats that are part of a full modular
system: MARIS is the stroller and IDAN the car seat
• 11-position recline
• 4-35LBS / 30” MAX height
• Newborn inlay easy to take in and out at 11LBS, and
insert use is not mandatory.
• New chest clip
• Snaps on harness covers
• There will be no changes in way LA’s store in the base,
and handle can be in any position in vehicle
• Seat has a new base (Load leg base US)
• Coming out in May/June 2016
85
86
87
29
2/29/2016
Passenger Safety
88
88
GB (Goodbaby)
New Asana DLX seat version will be out in January
2016.
Sold at BRU and specialty stores.
•
•
•
•
•
•
4 positions of recline in base
No re-thread harness
Must use insert from 4-6LBS
3 crotch positions
2 hip adjustments
Asana Gold has Seat Cover and Label Color changes
Passenger Safety
89
Passenger Safety
90
89
90
30
2/29/2016
Recaro
Performance Coupe goes from 4-35#.
• The extra base is $79.99.
• The newest version has no more gray on the foot, and
the new handle is all black too.
• They have a “Snug and Boot”. MSRP is $249.99
The Performance Ride has a cupholder, memory foam and
improved fabric.
Passenger Safety
91
91
Recaro
Passenger Safety
92
92
Recaro
Performance Racer seat (To meet the Canadian
standard) has “anti-rebound”cupholders
Selling on Amazon now for $299.99.
The Performance Rally seat has a flip foot
The Performance Sport has a quick flip foot, and it is OK
to use in either position. The shoulder belt routing assists
like a tether too.
Passenger Safety
93
93
31
2/29/2016
Recaro
Passenger Safety
94
94
Recaro
Passenger Safety
95
95
Recaro
Passenger Safety
96
96
32
2/29/2016
Recaro
Recaro did a demo for us on how the
recall gets fixed—this load limiter
strap started on 6/9/2015
Passenger Safety
97
97
Recaro
Passenger Safety
98
98
Recaro
Passenger Safety
99
99
33
2/29/2016
Recaro
100
100
Passenger Safety
Chicco
Passenger Safety
101
101
Chicco
NextFit was first Chicco seat to offer the Zip covers,
then the KeyFit, and now their booster, Kidfit.
• No need to remove the shoulder straps when
removing the cover on any of the harnessed seats.
• Expiration date of 6 years for the KeyFit and 8 years
for the KidFit and NextFit.
• Standard KeyFit is $199, and with Zip is $229. KidFit
is $99 regular model and $129 with the zip. (Zip
feature is $30 more)
Passenger Safety
102
102
34
2/29/2016
Chicco
Kidfit
• Seat now comes with the Zip feature. It has
fabric on the back, and there is no shrinking
problem as it is mostly polyester.
• Seat goes 40#-110# in backless mode and 30100# with the back.
• Seat has head and shoulder SIP and 10
different positions—most booster seats have
just the head adjust.
Passenger Safety
103
103
Chicco
• Uses IMMI connectors, and also comes with
“Mix and Match” padding and extra armrest
covers.
• There is a box—mini console that will switch
sides too, and the cups are removable and
dishwasher safe—called “cup folders”
Passenger Safety
104
104
Chicco
Passenger Safety
105
105
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2/29/2016
Chicco
Passenger Safety
106
Passenger Safety
107
106
107
Hauck /iCoo
Sold in travel systems - Hauck operates out of Toronto,
Canada
The ProSafe is sold separately for $199.
Extra bases are $79. Currently sold online.
iCoo just in specialty stores. Hauck seat came out in US
in late June 2015. No European belt routing.
Angle indicator label in base will be added to seat itself.
For best performance, handle should be in rebound
position.
Passenger Safety
108
108
36
2/29/2016
Hauck /iCoo
Passenger Safety
•
109
109
The Pipa base will get minor
updates in the near future
• Updated rigid LATCH storage
location.
• The newest fashion is Berry.
• The cover is now stitched in a
way that allows them to move
the required warning labels up
higher on the seat.
Passenger Safety
110
110
• Updated rigid LATCH
storage location.
• The cover has the required
warning labels up higher on
the seat
Passenger Safety
111
111
37
2/29/2016
112
UppaBaby
112
Passenger Safety
UPPAbaby
• It no longer has the European belt-routing option and
is about 1 lb. lighter.
• Conducted study and based on the shape of the
shell, many vehicle belts do not fit around the shell.
The feature was underutilized and with weight
savings in mind, every ounce counted.
• Snaps have replaced Velcro on harness pads and the
material has changed on the infant insert, head
restraint and harness pads to a more breathable
fabric.
• Base now includes an indentation on the top rail to
align better with contoured vehicle
seat bolsters.
113
Passenger Safety
113
UPPAbaby
• Stickers on base feature more pictures and fewer
words to aid with Ease of Use.
• There is an available sun/bug cover with UV shade.
• When people register within 3 months of purchase,
UPPAbaby will extend their standard 2-year warranty
by an extra year (for a total of 3).
• The Mesa is now in Canada!
Passenger Safety
114
114
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2/29/2016
UPPABaby
Passenger Safety
115
115
UPPABaby
Passenger Safety
116
116
UPPAbaby
Passenger Safety
117
117
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2/29/2016
Clek
Passenger Safety
118
118
Clek
•
•
•
•
•
New lock-offs, two will be used, and no need to lock
retractor too—currently just uses one
More padding on head support and cushion
Harness covers are longer, have more padding and
snap closures—they are optional
They have a transport bag for $129 that folds flat
when not in use called weelee
Accessories: mat-thingy, infant-thingy, drink-thingy,
strap-thingy
Passenger Safety
119
119
Clek
Passenger Safety
120
120
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2/29/2016
Clek
Passenger Safety
121
121
Clek
Passenger Safety
122
122
Clek
Passenger Safety
123
123
41
2/29/2016
•
•
•
•
•
Roundabout G4 seats go to 55#, and all other
convertibles go to 65#
Next major changes not until 2018
Advocate G4.1 and Parkway SG are phasing out of
market—will probably be gone by end of year
Accessories:
• B-Warm, for the B-Safe $49.99 and B-covered for
$24.99
Selling: B-Safe 35 and B-Safe 35 Elite, Marathon CT,
Advocate CT, Frontier 90
Passenger Safety
124
124
B-Warm
Passenger Safety
125Sarah
Passenger Safety
126
125
Tilton CPS Advocate at Britax Child Safety, Inc
126
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2/29/2016
B-covered
Passenger Safety
127
127
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2/29/2016
LATCH 2016:
Where are we
today and how do
we address our
caregivers with
the information
FMVSS 213
Changes
FMVSS 213 Revision: 2014
• Covers to 80 pounds
• Tests with 10-year-old ATD
• CRs labeled with lower
anchor limits
• LATCH tests NOT performed
when maximum weight is
exceeded – seat belt and
tether tests exclusively used
• Booster CR mass limits
removed
1
2/29/2016
Dummies by CR Weight Ratings
0 to 11 lb
11 to 22 lb
22 to 40 lb
40 to 50 lb
50 to 65 lb
Newborn
Newborn &
12-month-old
12-month &
3-year-old
6-year-old
6-year-old &
weighted
6-year-old
New Member: Family of Dummies
•
•
•
•
50th Percentile 10-year-old
77.6 pounds
Sitting height of 29”
Effective in 2014 –
voluntary before that
CRASHES ARE VIOLENT
ALL ANCHORS HAVE LIMITS
Not all 30 or 35 mph crashes are the
same… the specific vehicle, seating
position and CR can make a significant
difference in forces experienced. A
MINIMUM standard has to consider that.
2
2/29/2016
Why Limit LAs?
•
•
•
•
•
•
35 mph frontal test - 2010 Kia Forte
HIII–10C in Safety 1st Apex 65
CR = 13 lbs. - Child+CR = 90 lbs.
Peak vehicle acceleration = 46 G
Maximum anchorage load = 20,395 N
Inboard anchor pulled through the sheet
metal at the attachment point
• Failure demonstrates a finite strength limit
Instructions That Discuss
LATCH Weight Limits
ALL
CR LATCH l imits determined by CR
ma ker based on knowledge of CR
cha racteristics and required
mi nimum anchor strength.
Al l CR LA
a ttachment limits
ba sed on a formula
required by NHTSA
whi ch takes into
a ccount only the CR
wei ght and required
mi nimum anchor
s trength.
FEW
2001
2004
2007
2010
2013
Safe Ride News Publications, 8/2014
2007-13 Certification Curriculum
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Current Certification Curriculum
Tool: The LATCH Manual
www.saferidenews.com
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Tips for Discussing LATCH
• Lower anchors and tethers have weight limits.
- If not stated in the owner’s manual, do not use
lower anchors or tethers if the child + car seat
weight more than 65 pounds.
- Vehicle
LATCH weight limits can be found at
www.cpsboard.org
• If there are no lower anchors in the center
position, use the seat belt and tether to install
the car seat.
6-5b
2014 Label – Internal Harness CRs
“Do not use the lower anchors of the
child restraint anchorage system (LATCH
system) to attach this child restraint
when restraining a child weighing more
than _____ “
(combined recommended weight and
weight of CR does not exceed 65 pounds)
CR Models - Specific Examples
Model A (typical CR when LATCH started)
CR Weight = 15 Pounds
Maximum Child Weight = 50 pounds
Model B (among the heaviest CRs today)
CR Weight = 33 Pounds
Maximum Child Weight = 32 pounds
Seat belt installation required beyond
labeled weight
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Tool: Car Seat Labels
FMVSS 213 Revision: 2015
• Limit label associated with
LATCH installation diagram
• Limit may be rounded up to
next 5 pound increment for
FF harness seats (could be
closer to 70 pounds
combined weight)
• Manufacturers MAY have
begun to label that way in
2014 but MUST label that
way in 2015 or later
Tool: Car Seat Labels
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Instructions Examples
No TA Limit Labels Required
“(Tethers) provide more rigid attachment at
the top part of the child restraint, so that the
CRS can ‘ride down’ the crash while the
vehicle is crushing. This considerably reduces
excursion of the child’s head relative to the
vehicle interior, so the head is far less likely
to hit other parts of the vehicle interior—the
most likely cause of serious injury to a
properly restrained child.”
FMVSS 225 Revision: NPRM
•
•
•
•
•
•
Angle Clearance
Attachment Force
Anchor Depth
Removing Exemptions
Standard Markings
Tether anchor design, zone,
accessibility
• LATCH in center position or
third row
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Tethered vs Untethered
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Tethered vs Untethered
Tool: Car Seat Labels
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Active Use of Instructions
Active Use of Instructions
Problems with LATCH
• The overall goal of
LATCH was to provide
parents with a
second option for
installation other
than the seat belt
and to reduce misuse
• So why is LATCH often
misused?
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Tethers
• According to the Insurance Institute for Highway
Safety, Safe Kids Worldwide, University of
Michigan Transportation Research Institute and
NHTSA…
• Non-tether use is one of the most common
mistakes found in observations and seat
inspections
• When is it appropriate to use a tether?
Routing Tethers
• When routing the tether with a head restraint,
you need to determine if the tether is routed
over or under the head restraint
Under
Over
Routing Tethers
• Some owner’s manuals instruct to remove the
head restraint all together in order to get a
proper installation!
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Routing Tethers
• Some vehicles require unique routing
of top tethers!
Routing Tethers
• In some vehicles, the directions can become
complicated
• For example: The Mazda 5 owner’s manual
instructs – the tether straps are to go under the
head restraint in the second row and over the
head restraints in the third row
Tethered vs Untethered
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The Rules
• Use a tether for forward facing seats
whenever it is acceptable
• This includes seat belt and tether OR lower
anchors and tether (LATCH)
• If the seat was made on or after 2-28-2014,
find the limits on the label and follow them
• For seats made before 2-28-2014, find the
vehicle and CR limits – use the lower of the 2
• If there are no published limits, assume 65
pounds combined CR and child weight
Tech Update 2016
BREAK
Passenger Safety
41
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Booster
Seats
201
Crash
Energy
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Estimated Force (energy)
Crashes are violent events!
Weight
X
Speed
=
Force
(of each child or adult)
(vehicle before the crash)
(needed to restrain body)
Managing Crash Energy
• Prevent ejection
• Contact the strongest
body parts
• Distribute force over an
extensive area
• Allow body to “ride
down” with vehicle
• Protect the head, neck,
and spinal cord
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NHTSA Recommendations
Keep your child in a booster seat until he or
she is big enough to fit in a seat belt properly.
For a seat belt to fit properly the lap belt must
lie snugly across the upper thighs, not the
stomach. The shoulder belt should lie snug
across the shoulder and chest and not cross
the neck or face.
AAP Recommendations
AAP Recommendations
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IIHS on Belt Fit
Photos: IIHS
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Shoulder Belt Under Arm
Trend - Kids Using Boosters
Source: NHTSA
Kids Who Should be in CRs by Law
Source: NHTSA
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Restraint Use for Children 4 and 5 Years Old
Restraint Use for Children 6 and 7 Years Old
Restrained AT ALL by Ethnicity
Latino Child Restraint Use Lower
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TX Restraint Laws
• Children under 8, unless taller than 4’9”,
must ride in a CPS seat system according to
the manufacturer instructions.
• Older children and adults must be secured by
child restraints or safety belt systems.
• Children under 18 may not occupy the bed of
an open-bed pickup truck, flatbed truck or
flatbed trailer.
Illustration: SafetyBeltSafe, USA
Photo: NHTSA
Photo: NHTSA
Injury Mechanism
Photo: CIREN
Illustration: Partners for Child Passenger Safety
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Photos: CIREN
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Photos: CIREN
Injury Example – Bladder Rupture
Photos: CIREN
Injury Example – Spinal
Photos: CIREN
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Boosters Correct Fit
Beyond Fatalities
CHOP 1998 – 2007
• Ages 4-8 in crashes
• Insurance claims &
telephone survey
• 45% less likely to
sustain injuries in BPBs
than belts
• 68% near-side impacts
• 82% far-side impacts
Source: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
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BPB Injury Reduction
Source: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
TX Booster Law
• Children under 8, unless taller than 4’9”,
must ride in a CPS seat system according to
the manufacturer instructions.
Is Age or Height Reasonable?
CDC
Growth
Chart
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Fit Variables
• Overall heights are not relative to
specific ages
• Child body proportions vary
• Seat cushion depths vary
• Seat back heights vary
• Belt anchor locations vary
• Seat cushion contours vary
2 Most Accurate Laws
• Wyoming – Up to age 9 unless, “lap and
shoulder belts… fit properly across the
collarbone, chest and hips of the child…”
• New Mexico – Up to age 12 unless, “lap belt
properly fits across the child’s thighs and
hips… shoulder strap shall cross the center of
the child's chest… knees bent over the seat
edge.”
Some Testing Issues
• 213 bench used does not represent most
vehicle seats
• Dummies are in the optimal position
• Dummies do not measure abdominal injury
• Dummy pelvic construction does not
“submarine” like a 6 year-old human.
• Boosters are not evaluated for belt
positioning effectiveness
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IIHS - All Boosters are Not Equal
Photos: IIHS
Poor Belt Fit
This lap belt is too high on
the abdomen, and the
shoulder belt is too low on
the shoulder.
Good Belt Fit
The shoulder belt crosses
snugly over the middle of the
shoulder. The lap belt fits flat
across a child’s upper thighs,
not the soft abdomen. Photos: IIHS
Boosters & LATCH
Projectile prevention & enhanced stability claimed
• Some recommend using LATCH
• Some allow the use of tethers or LATCH
• LATCH attachment NOT required
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Some Anchors & Belts Not Aligned
Increasing Booster Use
• The concept of boosters is relatively
new to many Americans
• BPBs do not appear to be safety
devices
• People need to understand “why”
• Kids may bridge the gap to parent
understanding
Teaching Kids WHY Boosters
Empowering kids to protect themselves &
their families.
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Do your KNEES BEND all the way?
Is the seat belt on your HIP BONES
and touching the tops of your LEGS?
Does the other seat belt touch your
CHEST and cross your SHOULDER
BONES?
Are you COMFORTABLE?
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Joseph M Colella
Traffic Safety Projects
301-466-8140
[email protected]
16
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