2012-13 Preparing for the ACT booklet

2012-13 Preparing for the ACT booklet
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 1
2012–2013
PREPARING FOR THE ACT
What’s Inside
■
Full-Length Practice Tests, including
a Writing Test
■ Information about the Optional
Writing Test
■ Strategies to Prepare for the Tests
■ What to Expect on Test Day
Esta publicación también se
puede ver o descargar en español en
www.actstudent.org/testprep/index.html.
This booklet is provided free of charge.
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 2
Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
Additional ACT
Preparation Materials
®
General Preparation for the ACT Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Strategies for Taking the ACT Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
What to Expect on Test Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Taking the Practice Tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Practice Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Practice Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
5. Scoring Your Tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
How to Score the Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . 57
How to Score the Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
6. Sample Answer Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
•
•
ACT Online Prep™: The only online test preparation
program designed exclusively by ACT test
development professionals. ACT Online Prep has
practice test questions, a practice essay with real-time
scoring, a diagnostic test, and a personalized Study
Path. You can access ACT Online Prep via the Internet
anywhere and at any time.
The Real ACT Prep Guide is the official print guide
to the ACT. This book includes five complete practice
tests previously used in actual administrations—each
with an optional Writing Test, with explanations for
all right and wrong answer choices.
Order at www.actstudent.org/testprep.
1
General Preparation
for the ACT Tests
A Message to Students
This booklet, which is provided free of charge, is intended
to help you do your best on the ACT. It summarizes general
test-taking strategies, describes the content of each test,
provides specific tips for each, and lets you know what to
expect on test day. Included in this booklet are complete
practice tests—“retired” ACT questions that were
administered to students on a national test date, including
a writing prompt—a sample answer document, answer
keys, and self-scoring instructions.
®
Choosing a Test Option
Students may register for one of two Test Options: the
ACT (No Writing), which includes the four required multiplechoice tests, or the ACT Plus Writing, which also includes a
30-minute Writing Test. The optional ACT Writing Test
complements the ACT English Test. The combined results
from both tests provide information about your
understanding of the conventions of standard written
English and your ability to produce a direct sample of your
writing. Taking the ACT Plus Writing will provide you with
two additional scores: a Writing subscore and a Combined
English/Writing score. Taking the ACT Writing Test does not
affect your subject area scores or your Composite score.
Read this booklet carefully and take the practice tests well
before test day so you will be familiar with the tests, what
they measure, and the strategies you can use to do your
best on test day.
ACT is committed to representing the diversity of our
society in all its aspects, including race, ethnicity, and
gender. Thus, test passages, questions, and writing
prompts are deliberately chosen to reflect the range of
cultures in our population.
Not all colleges require or recommend taking the ACT
Writing Test. Check directly with the colleges you are
considering to find out their requirements, or ask your high
school counselor which Test Option you should take. You
can also check www.actstudent.org for a searchable list
of colleges that have provided information to us about their
policies—whether they require, recommend, or do not need
results from the ACT Writing Test. Consult this list before
you register, so you will know which Test Option to select.
We also are committed to ensuring that test questions and
writing prompts are fair—that they do not disadvantage any
particular group of examinees. Extensive reviews of the
fairness of test materials are rigorously conducted by both
ACT staff and external consultants. We also employ
statistical procedures to help ensure that our test materials
do not unfairly affect the performance of any group.
The ACT Plus Writing is available within the United States,
U.S. territories, and Canada on all established test dates
and for Special and Arranged Testing during designated
testing windows. The ACT Plus Writing is available
internationally on all test dates except February.
ACT endorses the Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education and the Code of
Professional Responsibilities in Educational Measurement, guides to the conduct
of those involved in educational testing. ACT is committed to ensuring that each
of its testing programs upholds the guidelines in each Code. A copy of each Code
may be obtained free of charge from ACT Customer Services (68), P.O. Box
1008, Iowa City, IA 52243-1008, 319.337.1429.
© 2012 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
NOTE: This booklet is covered by federal copyright laws that prohibit the
reproduction of the test questions without the express, written permission of
ACT, Inc.
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Choosing a Test Date
Read each question carefully.
It is important that you understand what each question
asks. Some questions will require you to go through several
steps to find the correct or best answer, while others can
be answered more quickly.
Before you choose a test date, check the application
deadlines of the colleges and scholarship agencies you are
considering. It will normally take three to eight weeks after
a test date for ACT to mail your score report to you and to
your college or scholarship choices.
Answer the easy questions first.
The best strategy for taking the tests is to answer the easy
questions and skip the questions you find difficult. After
answering all of the easy questions, go back and answer
the more difficult questions if you have time.
Many colleges and scholarship agencies recommend that
students take the ACT during the spring of their junior year.
By this time, students typically have completed most of the
coursework covered by the ACT. There are a number of
advantages in taking the ACT then:
• You will receive test scores and other information that
will help you plan your senior year of high school.
• Many colleges begin contacting prospective students
during the summer before their senior year.
• If you do not score as well as you believe you can,
there will be opportunities to retake the ACT in the fall of
your senior year and still have your new scores
available in time to meet admission and scholarship
deadlines.
Use logic on more difficult questions.
When you return to the more difficult questions, try to
use logic to eliminate incorrect answers to a question.
Compare the answer choices to each other and note how
they differ. Such differences may provide clues as to what
the question requires. Eliminate as many incorrect answers
as you can, then make an educated guess from the
remaining answers.
Answer every question.
Your score on the tests will be based only on the number of
questions that you answer correctly; there is no penalty
for guessing. Thus, you should answer every question
within the time allowed for each test, even if you have to
guess. Your supervisor will announce when you have five
minutes remaining on each test.
NOTE: You cannot plan on receiving your scores
from one test date in time to register for the next.
General Test-Taking
Strategies for the ACT
Review your work.
If there is time left after you have answered every question in
a test, go back and check your work on that test. Check to be
sure that you marked only one response to each question.
You will not be allowed to go back to any other test or mark
responses to a test after time has been called on that test.
The ACT contains multiple-choice tests in four areas:
English, Mathematics, Reading, and Science. Each of
these tests contains questions that offer either four or five
answer choices from which you are to choose the correct,
or best, answer. The following suggestions apply to all
four tests:
Be precise in marking your answer document.
Be sure that you properly fill in the correct ovals on your
answer document. Check to be sure that the number of the
line of ovals on your answer document is the same as the
number of the question you are answering and that you
mark only one response for each question.
Pace yourself.
The time limits set for each test give nearly everyone enough
time to finish all the questions. However, because the
English, Reading, and Science Tests contain a considerable
amount of text, it is important to pace yourself so you will not
spend too much time on one passage. Similarly, try not to
spend too much time puzzling over an answer to a specific
problem in the Mathematics Test. Go on to the other
questions and come back if there is time. Your supervisor
will announce when you have five minutes remaining on
each test.
Erase completely.
If you want to change a multiple-choice answer, be sure to
use a soft eraser that will not leave smudges and erase the
unintended mark completely. Do not cross out answers or
use correction fluid or tape; you must erase. Correction
fluid/tape, smudges, or unintended marks may cause
errors in scoring.
Read the directions for each test carefully.
Before you begin taking one of the tests, read the
directions carefully. The English, Reading, and Science
Tests ask for the “best” answer. Do not respond as soon as
you identify a correct answer. Read and consider all of the
answer choices and choose the answer that best responds
to the question.
To students approved to test at national test centers
with extended time:
You will be allowed up to 5 hours total to work on the
multiple-choice tests at your own pace, including breaks
between tests. If you are taking the ACT Plus Writing,
you will be allowed up to 5 hours and 45 minutes total to
work on all five tests. You will need to pace yourself
through each test in order to complete all tests within the
total time allowed. Your supervisor will provide time
updates every hour. When you complete each test, you
must notify your supervisor that you are ready to begin
the next test.
The Mathematics Test asks for the “correct” answer. Read
each question carefully to make sure you understand the
type of answer required. Then, you may want to work out
the answer you feel is correct and look for it among the
choices given. If your answer is not among the choices
provided, reread the question and consider all of the
answer choices.
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General Test-Taking Strategies
for the ACT Writing Test
Preparing for Test Day
Although what you know will determine how well you do on
the ACT, your attitudes, emotions, and physical state may
also influence your performance. The following tips will help
you do your best:
• Be confident in your ability to do well on the ACT. You
can do well!
• Be prepared to work hard.
• Know what to expect on test day. Familiarize yourself
with the information in this booklet, and at
www.actstudent.org.
NOTE: Most procedures in this booklet refer to testing
on an established ACT test date at an ACT test center.
Procedures may differ slightly if you test at another
location. For example, for most administrations, you
won’t be allowed to use scratch paper because each
page of the Mathematics Test has a blank column that
you can use for scratch work.
• Take the practice tests in the exact order they are
presented. Review your responses so you will feel
comfortable about the approaching test day.
• Prepare well in advance for the tests. Do not leave
preparation to the last minute.
• Get plenty of rest the night before the tests so you will
be in good physical condition for taking them.
‰ Bring the following items with you to the test center:
1. Your ticket (if you test on a National or International
ACT Test Date). You will not be admitted to test
without it.
2. Acceptable photo identification. See details on
your ticket or at www.actstudent.org. If you do
not present acceptable photo identification with
your ticket at check-in, you will not be admitted to
test. You will have to pay a Test Date Change fee if
you choose to reschedule for a different test date.
3. Sharpened soft lead No. 2 pencils with good
erasers (no mechanical pencils or ink pens). Do
not bring highlight pens or any other writing
instruments; you will not be allowed to use them.
If you take the ACT Plus Writing, your essay must
also be completed with a soft lead No. 2 pencil.
4. A watch to pace yourself. Do not bring a watch
with an alarm. You will not be allowed to set an
alarm because it will disturb other students. If your
alarm sounds during testing, you will be dismissed
and your answer document will not be scored.
Your supervisor will announce when you have five
minutes remaining on each test.
5. A permitted calculator for the Mathematics Test,
if you wish to use one. (See shaded section on
page 5 and details about prohibited models and
features at www.actstudent.org.)
The ACT Writing Test lets you show your skill in planning
and composing a short essay. It measures writing
proficiencies that are taught in high school and are
important for readiness to succeed in entry-level college
composition courses.
The following general strategies will help if you take the
ACT Writing Test.
Pace yourself.
You will have 30 minutes to write your essay. It is important
to pace yourself in the way that best suits your personal
writing strategy. Many writers do best when they spend part
of their time planning the essay, most of their time writing
the essay, and the last part of their time reviewing the essay
to make corrections and small revisions. There is no
formula for the best proportion of time to spend planning,
writing, and reviewing: writers, topics, and occasions differ
too widely for a universal rule to apply. Keep in mind,
however, that you are unlikely to have time to draft, revise,
and recopy your essay. Therefore, taking a few minutes to
plan your essay is a much better strategy than writing a
draft with the intent to copy it over for the final essay.
In general, budget your time in the way that feels best to
you based on your experience in taking essay tests in
school and in other circumstances when you’ve done
writing within a time limit. Your supervisor will announce
when you have five minutes remaining on the Writing Test.
Read the directions carefully.
Before you begin the Writing Test, read the directions
carefully. They tell you the aspects of writing on which your
essay will be evaluated and give instructions on how to
write your essay in the answer folder.
Read the writing prompt carefully.
It is important that you understand exactly what the writing
prompt asks you to do. A firm grasp of the assignment is as
crucial for the ACT Writing Test as it is for writing essays for
class. Be sure you have a clear understanding of the issue
in the writing prompt and of the question you must respond
to before you start to plan and write your essay.
Write (or print) legibly in the answer folder.
If your readers cannot read what you have written, they will
not be able to score your essay. You may write or print your
essay, whichever you prefer—but you must do so legibly.
You must write your essay using a soft lead No. 2 pencil
(not a mechanical pencil or ink pen) and only on the lined
pages in the answer folder. You may not need all the lined
pages, but to ensure you have enough room to finish, do
not skip lines.
Make corrections clear.
If you make corrections by using erasures or cross-outs,
do so thoroughly and legibly. You may write corrections or
additions neatly between the lines of your essay, but do not
write in the margins of the lined pages.
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For students testing on National or International ACT Test Dates:
• Check your ticket for your Test Option and the location
of your test center. Pay attention to any messages on
your ticket such as what building to go to, what
entrance to use, where to park, etc. If you are unfamiliar
with the location, do a practice run to see how to get
there and how much travel time you will need to arrive
by the time shown on the ticket.
• If you are late, you will not be admitted to test. If you
arrive earlier than 7:45 a.m., you will probably have to
wait outside until testing personnel have completed
their arrangements.
• Be prepared for testing to start after all examinees
present at 8:00 a.m. have been checked in and seated.
• Dress comfortably. To conserve energy, your test center
may be considerably warmer or cooler on weekends
than during the week. Please dress so that you will be
comfortable in a variety of temperatures.
2
Strategies for Taking
the ACT Tests
The ACT measures the knowledge, understanding, and
skills that you have acquired throughout your education.
Although the sum total of what a person has learned cannot
easily be changed, your performance in a specific area can
be affected by adequate preparation, especially if it has
been some time since you have taken a course in that area.
There are three strategies that can help you to prepare
yourself for the content included in the ACT:
Familiarize yourself with the content of the ACT tests.
Review the information about the tests that is provided on
the following pages. Note which content areas make up a
large proportion of the tests and which do not. The specific
topics included in each content area are examples of
possible topics; they do not include all of the possibilities.
Refresh your knowledge and skills in the content areas.
Review those content areas you have studied but are not
fresh in your mind. Spend your time refreshing your
knowledge and skills in the content areas that make up
large portions of the tests.
Use of Calculators on the ACT Mathematics Test
On Test Day
Be sure your calculator is working and has reliable
batteries. You may bring a backup calculator and extra
batteries to the test center. Testing staff will not supply
batteries or calculators. You will not be allowed to share
calculators during testing.
It is your responsibility to bring a permitted calculator. We
regularly update information about which calculators are
prohibited and provide the most current information only
via the Web or phone.
To be certain your calculator will be permitted on test day,
check www.actstudent.org or call 800.498.6481 for the
most up-to-date information on permitted and prohibited
devices. If you use a prohibited calculator, you will be
dismissed and your answer document will not be scored.
Testing staff will check your calculator to verify it is
permitted, and they will monitor your use of your calculator
to ensure that you:
• use it only during the Mathematics Test;
• use your backup calculator only after it has been
checked by a member of the testing staff;
• do not share your calculator; and
• do not store test materials in your calculator’s memory.
You may use a calculator on the ACT Mathematics Test (but
not on any of the other tests in the ACT). You are not required
to use a calculator. All the problems can be solved without a
calculator. If you regularly use a calculator in your
mathematics work, you may wish to use one you are familiar
with as you take the Mathematics Test. Using a more
powerful, but unfamiliar, calculator is not likely to give you an
advantage over using the kind you normally use.
If your calculator has characters one inch high or larger, or
a raised display, testing staff may seat you where no other
examinee can see your calculator.
You may use any four-function, scientific, or graphing
calculator, unless it has features described in the current
list of prohibited devices at www.actstudent.org. Other
models may be permitted if you modify some of the
calculator’s features, such as removing paper tape, turning
off sounds, removing power cords, or covering infrared
data ports.
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Examine the underlined portions of the passage.
Before responding to a question with an underlined portion,
carefully examine what is underlined in the text. Consider
the elements of writing that are included in each underlined
portion. Some questions will ask you to base your decision
on some specific element of writing, such as the tone or
emphasis the text should convey. Some questions will ask
you to choose the alternative to the underlined portion that
is NOT or LEAST acceptable. The answer choices for each
question will contain changes in one or more of those
elements of writing.
Identify the content areas you have not studied.
If unfamiliar content areas make up major portions of the
tests, consider taking coursework to help you gain
knowledge and skills in these areas before you take the
ACT. Because the ACT measures knowledge and skills
acquired over a period of time, it is unlikely that a “cram”
course covering material that is unfamiliar to you will help
you improve your scores. Longer-term survey courses will
be most helpful to you, because they aim to improve your
knowledge through sustained learning and practice.
ACT English Test
Be aware of questions with no underlined portions.
You will be asked some questions about a section of the
passage or about the passage as a whole, in light of a
given rhetorical situation. Questions of this type are often
identified by a question number in a box located at the
appropriate point in the passage. Questions asking global
questions about the entire passage are placed at the end
of the passage and introduced by a horizontal box
enclosing the following instruction: “Questions ___ and ___
ask about the preceding passage as a whole.”
The ACT English Test is a 75-question, 45-minute test that
measures your understanding of the conventions of
standard written English (punctuation, grammar and usage,
and sentence structure) and of rhetorical skills (strategy,
organization, and style). Spelling, vocabulary, and rote
recall of rules of grammar are not tested. The test consists
of five essays, or passages, each of which is accompanied
by a sequence of multiple-choice test questions. Different
passage types are employed to provide a variety of
rhetorical situations. Passages are chosen not only for their
appropriateness in assessing writing skills but also to
reflect students’ interests and experiences.
Note the differences in the answer choices.
Many of the questions in the test will involve more than one
aspect of writing. Examine each answer choice and how it
differs from the others. Be careful not to select an answer
that corrects one error but causes a different error.
Some questions refer to underlined portions of the passage
and offer several alternatives to the underlined portion. You
must decide which choice is most appropriate in the
context of the passage. Some questions ask about an
underlined portion, a section of the passage, or the
passage as a whole. You must decide which choice best
answers the question posed. Many questions offer “NO
CHANGE” to the passage as one of the choices. The
questions are numbered consecutively. Each question
number refers to a correspondingly numbered portion
underlined in the passage or to a corresponding numeral in
a box located at the appropriate point in the passage.
Determine the best answer.
Two approaches can be taken to determine the best answer
to a question in which you are to choose the best alternative
to an underlined portion. In the first approach, you can
reread the sentence or sentences, substituting each of the
possible answer choices for the underlined portion to
determine the best choice. In the second approach, you can
decide how the underlined portion might best be phrased in
standard written English or in terms of the particular question
posed. If you think the underlined portion is the best answer,
you should select “NO CHANGE.” If not, you should check to
see whether your phrasing is one of the other answer
choices. If you do not find your phrasing, you should choose
the best of the answers presented. For questions cued by a
number in a box, you must decide which choice is most
appropriate in terms of the question posed or the stated
rhetorical situation.
Three scores are reported for the ACT English Test: a total
test score based on all 75 questions, a subscore in
Usage/Mechanics based on 40 questions, and a subscore
in Rhetorical Skills based on 35 questions.
Tips for Taking the ACT English Test
Pace yourself.
The ACT English Test contains 75 questions to be
completed in 45 minutes. If you spend 11⁄2 minutes
skimming through each passage before responding to the
questions, then you will have 30 seconds to answer each
question. If possible, spend less time on each question and
use the remaining time allowed for this test to review your
work and return to the questions on this test that were most
difficult for you.
Reread the sentence, using your selected answer.
Once you have selected the answer you feel is best, reread
the corresponding sentence(s) of the passage, inserting
your selected answer at the appropriate place in the text to
make sure it is the best answer within the context of the
passage.
Content Covered by the ACT English Test
Be aware of the writing style used in each passage.
The five passages cover a variety of topics and are written
in a variety of styles. It is important that you take into
account the writing style used in each passage when you
respond to the questions. In responding to a question, be
sure to understand the context of the question. Consider
how the sentence containing an underlined portion fits in
with the surrounding sentences and into the passage
as a whole.
Six elements of effective writing are included in the English
Test: punctuation, grammar and usage, sentence structure,
strategy, organization, and style. The questions covering
punctuation, grammar and usage, and sentence structure
make up the Usage/Mechanics subscore. The questions
covering strategy, organization, and style make up the
Rhetorical Skills subscore. A brief description and the
approximate percentage of the test devoted to each
element of effective writing are given on the next page.
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USAGE/MECHANICS
Tips for Taking the ACT Mathematics Test
Punctuation (13%). Questions in this category test your
knowledge of the conventions of internal and end-ofsentence punctuation, with emphasis on the relationship of
punctuation to meaning (for example, avoiding ambiguity,
indicating appositives).
Pace yourself.
The ACT Mathematics Test contains 60 questions to be
completed in 60 minutes. You have an average of 1 minute
per question. If possible, spend less time on each question
and use the remaining time allowed for this test to review
your work and return to the questions on this test that were
most difficult for you.
Grammar and Usage (16%). Questions in this category test
your understanding of agreement between subject and
verb, between pronoun and antecedent, and between
modifiers and the word modified; verb formation; pronoun
case; formation of comparative and superlative adjectives
and adverbs; and idiomatic usage.
If you use a calculator, use it wisely.
Remember, all of the mathematics problems can be solved
without using a calculator. In fact, some of the problems are
best done without a calculator. Use good judgment in
deciding when, and when not, to use a calculator. For
example, for some problems you may wish to do scratch
work to clarify your thoughts on the question before you
begin using a calculator to do computations. For many
problems, you may not want to use a calculator.
Sentence Structure (24%). Questions in this category
test your understanding of relationships between
and among clauses, placement of modifiers, and shifts in
construction.
RHETORICAL SKILLS
Solve the problem.
For working out the solutions to the problems, you will
usually do scratch work in the space provided in the test
booklet, or you will be given scratch paper to use. You may
wish to glance over the answer choices after reading the
questions. However, working backwards from the answer
choices provided can take a lot of time and may not be
effective.
Strategy (16%). Questions in this category test how well
you develop a given topic by choosing expressions
appropriate to an essay’s audience and purpose; judging
the effect of adding, revising, or deleting supporting
material; and judging the relevancy of statements in
context.
Organization (15%). Questions in this category test how
well you organize ideas and choose effective opening,
transitional, and closing sentences.
Locate your solution among the answer choices.
Once you have solved the problem, look for your answer
among the choices. If your answer is not included among
the choices, carefully reread the problem to see whether
you missed important information. Pay careful attention to
the question being asked. If an equation is to be selected,
check to see whether the equation you think is best can be
transformed into one of the answer choices provided.
Style (16%). Questions in this category test how well you
choose precise and appropriate words and images,
maintain the level of style and tone in an essay, manage
sentence elements for rhetorical effectiveness, and avoid
ambiguous pronoun references, wordiness, and
redundancy.
Make sure you answer the question.
The solutions to many questions in the test will involve
several steps. Make sure your answer includes all of the
necessary steps. Frequently, questions include answer
choices that are based on incomplete solutions.
ACT Mathematics Test
You may use a calculator on the Mathematics Test.
See www.actstudent.org for details about prohibited
calculators.
The ACT Mathematics Test is a 60-question, 60-minute test
designed to assess the mathematical skills students have
typically acquired in courses taken up to the beginning of
grade 12. The test presents multiple-choice questions that
require you to use reasoning skills to solve practical
problems in mathematics. Most questions are discrete, but
on occasion some may belong to sets of several questions
(e.g., several questions based on the same graph or chart).
Knowledge of basic formulas and computational skills are
assumed as background for the problems, but recall of
complex formulas and extensive computation is not
required. The material covered on the test emphasizes the
major content areas that are prerequisites to successful
performance in entry-level courses in college mathematics.
Make sure your answer is reasonable.
Sometimes an error in computation will result in an answer
that is not practically possible for the situation described.
Always think about your answer to determine whether it is
reasonable.
Check your work.
You may arrive at an incorrect solution by making common
errors in the problem-solving process. Thus, if there is time
remaining before the end of the Mathematics Test, it is
important that you reread the questions and check your
answers to make sure they are correct.
Content Covered by the ACT Mathematics Test
Six content areas are included in the Mathematics Test:
pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra,
coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry.
The questions covering pre-algebra and elementary
algebra make up the Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra
subscore. The questions covering intermediate algebra
and coordinate geometry make up the Intermediate
Algebra/Coordinate Geometry subscore. The questions
Four scores are reported for the ACT Mathematics Test: a
total test score based on all 60 questions, a subscore in
Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra based on 24 questions, a
subscore in Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry
based on 18 questions, and a subscore in Plane
Geometry/Trigonometry based on 18 questions.
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sequences of events; make comparisons; comprehend
cause-effect relationships; determine the meaning of
context-dependent words, phrases, and statements; draw
generalizations; and analyze the author’s or narrator’s voice
and method. The test comprises four sections, each
containing one long or two shorter prose passages that are
representative of the level and kinds of text commonly
encountered in first-year college curricula. Each passage is
preceded by a heading that identifies what type of passage
it is (for example, “Prose Fiction”), names the author, and
may include a brief note that helps in understanding the
passage. Each section contains a set of multiple-choice
test questions. These questions do not test the rote recall of
facts from outside the passage, isolated vocabulary items,
or rules of formal logic. In sections that contain two short
passages, some of the questions posed involve both of the
passages in the section.
covering plane geometry and trigonometry make up the
Plane Geometry/Trigonometry subscore. A brief description
and the approximate percentage of the test devoted to
each content area are given below.
PRE-ALGEBRA/ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA
Pre-Algebra (23%). Questions in this content area are
based on basic operations using whole numbers,
decimals, fractions, and integers; place value; square roots
and approximations; the concept of exponents; scientific
notation; factors; ratio, proportion, and percent; linear
equations in one variable; absolute value and ordering
numbers by value; elementary counting techniques and
simple probability; data collection, representation, and
interpretation; and understanding simple descriptive
statistics.
Elementary Algebra (17%). Questions in this content area
are based on properties of exponents and square roots,
evaluation of algebraic expressions through substitution,
using variables to express functional relationships,
understanding algebraic operations, and the solution of
quadratic equations by factoring.
Three scores are reported for the ACT Reading Test: a total
test score based on all 40 questions, a subscore in Social
Studies/Sciences reading skills (based on the 20 questions
on the social studies and natural sciences passages), and
a subscore in Arts/Literature reading skills (based on the
20 questions on the prose fiction and humanities passages).
INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA/COORDINATE
GEOMETRY
Tips for Taking the ACT Reading Test
Intermediate Algebra (15%). Questions in this content area
are based on an understanding of the quadratic formula,
rational and radical expressions, absolute value equations
and inequalities, sequences and patterns, systems of
equations, quadratic inequalities, functions, modeling,
matrices, roots of polynomials, and complex numbers.
Pace yourself.
The ACT Reading Test contains 40 questions to be
completed in 35 minutes. If you spend 2–3 minutes reading
the passage(s) in each section, then you will have about
35 seconds to answer each question. If possible, spend
less time on the passages and the questions and use the
remaining time allowed for this test to review your work and
return to the questions on this test that were most difficult
for you.
Coordinate Geometry (15%). Questions in this content area
are based on graphing and the relations between equations
and graphs, including points, lines, polynomials, circles,
and other curves; graphing inequalities; slope; parallel and
perpendicular lines; distance; midpoints; and conics.
Read each passage carefully.
Before you begin answering a question, read the entire
passage (or two short passages) in a section carefully. It
is important that you read every sentence rather than skim
the text. Be conscious of relationships between or among
ideas. You may want to make notes about important ideas
in the passages, either in the test booklet, or on scratch
paper if it is provided.
PLANE GEOMETRY/TRIGONOMETRY
Plane Geometry (23%). Questions in this content area are
based on the properties and relations of plane figures,
including angles and relations among perpendicular and
parallel lines; properties of circles, triangles, rectangles,
parallelograms, and trapezoids; transformations; the
concept of proof and proof techniques; volume; and
applications of geometry to three dimensions.
Refer to the passages when answering the questions.
Answers to some of the questions will be found by referring
to what is explicitly stated in the text. Other questions will
require you to determine implicit meanings and to draw
conclusions, comparisons, and generalizations. Consider
the text before you answer any question.
Trigonometry (7%). Questions in this content area are
based on understanding trigonometric relations in right
triangles; values and properties of trigonometric functions;
graphing trigonometric functions; modeling using
trigonometric functions; use of trigonometric identities; and
solving trigonometric equations.
Content Covered by the ACT Reading Test
The Reading Test is based on four types of reading
selections: the social studies, the natural sciences,
prose fiction, and the humanities. A subscore in Social
Studies/Sciences reading skills is based on the questions
on the social studies and the natural sciences passages,
and a subscore in Arts/Literature reading skills is based
on the questions on the prose fiction and humanities
passages. A brief description and the approximate
percentage of the test devoted to each type of reading
selection are given on the next page.
ACT Reading Test
The ACT Reading Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test
that measures your reading comprehension. The test
questions ask you to derive meaning from several texts by
(1) referring to what is explicitly stated and (2) reasoning to
determine implicit meanings. Specifically, questions will ask
you to use referring and reasoning skills to determine main
ideas; locate and interpret significant details; understand
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Note different viewpoints in passages.
Some material will present conflicting points of view, and
the questions will ask you to distinguish among the various
viewpoints. It may be helpful for you to make notes
summarizing each viewpoint, either next to that section in
the test booklet, or on scratch paper if it is provided. For
questions that ask you to compare viewpoints, these notes
will help you answer more quickly.
Social Studies (25%). Questions in this category are
based on passages in the content areas of anthropology,
archaeology, biography, business, economics, education,
geography, history, political science, psychology, and
sociology.
Natural Sciences (25%). Questions in this category are
based on passages in the content areas of anatomy,
astronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, ecology, geology,
medicine, meteorology, microbiology, natural history,
physiology, physics, technology, and zoology.
Content Covered by the ACT Science Test
The content of the Science Test includes biology, chemistry,
physics, and the Earth/space sciences (for example,
geology, astronomy, and meteorology). Advanced
knowledge in these subjects is not required, but knowledge
acquired in general, introductory science courses is
needed to answer some of the questions. The test
emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall of
scientific content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability.
The scientific information is conveyed in one of three
different formats.
Prose Fiction (25%). Questions in this category are based on
intact short stories or excerpts from short stories or novels.
Humanities (25%). Questions in this category are based
on passages from memoirs and personal essays and in
the content areas of architecture, art, dance, ethics, film,
language, literary criticism, music, philosophy, radio,
television, and theater.
ACT Science Test
Data Representation (38%). This format presents graphic
and tabular material similar to that found in science journals
and texts. The questions associated with this format
measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation of
scatterplots, and interpretation of information presented in
tables.
The ACT Science Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that
measures the interpretation, analysis, evaluation, reasoning,
and problem-solving skills required in the natural sciences.
The test presents several sets of scientific information, each
followed by a number of multiple-choice test questions. The
scientific information is conveyed in one of three different
formats: data representation (graphs, tables, and other
schematic forms), research summaries (descriptions of
several related experiments), or conflicting viewpoints
(expressions of several related hypotheses or views that
are inconsistent with one another). The questions require
you to recognize and understand the basic features of, and
concepts related to, the provided information; to examine
critically the relationship between the information provided
and the conclusions drawn or hypotheses developed; and
to generalize from given information to gain new
information, draw conclusions, or make predictions.
Research Summaries (45%). This format provides
descriptions of one or more related experiments. The
questions focus upon the design of experiments and the
interpretation of experimental results.
Conflicting Viewpoints (17%). This format presents
expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being
based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are
inconsistent with one another. The questions focus upon
the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative
viewpoints or hypotheses.
You are not permitted to use a calculator on the ACT
Science Test.
ACT Writing Test (Optional)
If you register for the ACT Plus Writing, you will take the
ACT Writing Test (which must be completed in English)
after you complete the four multiple-choice tests. Taking
the Writing Test will not affect your scores on the multiplechoice tests or your Composite score. Rather, you will
receive two additional scores: a Combined English/Writing
score on a scale of 1 through 36 and a Writing subscore on
a scale of 2 through 12. You will also receive some
comments on your essay.
One score is reported for the ACT Science Test: a total test
score based on all 40 questions.
Tips for Taking the ACT Science Test
Pace yourself.
The ACT Science Test contains 40 questions to be
completed in 35 minutes. If you spend about 2 minutes
reading each passage, then you will have about 30 seconds
to answer each question. If possible, spend less time on the
passages and the questions and use the remaining time
allowed for this test to review your work and return to the
questions on this test that were most difficult for you.
The ACT Writing Test is a 30-minute essay test that
measures your writing skills—specifically those writing skills
emphasized in high school English classes and in entrylevel college composition courses. The test consists of one
writing prompt that will define an issue and describe two
points of view on that issue. You are asked to write in
response to a question about your position on the issue
described in the writing prompt. In doing so, you may
adopt either of the perspectives described in the prompt,
or present a different point of view on the issue. Your essay
score will not be affected by the point of view you take on
the issue. Prompts are designed to be appropriate for
response in a 30-minute timed test and to reflect students’
interests and experiences.
Read the passage carefully.
Before you begin answering a question, read the scientific
material provided. It is important that you read the entire text
and examine any tables, graphs, or figures. You may want
to make notes about important ideas in the information
provided, either in the test booklet, or on scratch paper if it
is provided. Some of the information sets will describe
experiments. You should consider the experimental design,
including the controls and variables, because questions are
likely to address this component of scientific research.
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precise word choices. Make logical relationships clear by
using transitional words and phrases. Do not wander off the
topic. End with a strong conclusion that summarizes or
reinforces your position.
Your essay will be evaluated on the evidence it gives of
your ability to do the following:
• express judgments by taking a position on the issue in
the writing prompt;
• maintain a focus on the topic throughout the essay;
• develop a position by using logical reasoning and by
supporting your ideas;
• organize ideas in a logical way; and
• use language clearly and effectively according to the
conventions of standard written English.
Is it advisable to organize the essay by using a formula, like
“the five-paragraph essay”? Points are neither awarded nor
deducted for following formulas, so feel free to use one or
not as best suits your preference. Some writers find
formulas stifling, while other writers find them vital. The
exact numbers of words and paragraphs in your essay are
less important than the clarity and development of your
ideas. Writers who have something to say can usually
express their ideas at reasonable length and in the right
number of paragraphs.
Your essay will be scored holistically—that is, on the basis
of the overall impression created by all the elements of the
writing. Two trained readers will score your essay, each
giving it a rating from 1 (low) to 6 (high). The sum of those
ratings is your Writing subscore. If the readers’ ratings
disagree by more than one point, a third reader will
evaluate your essay and resolve the discrepancy.
Review your essay.
Take a few minutes before time is called to read over your
essay. Correct any mistakes in grammar, usage,
punctuation, and spelling. If you find any words that are
hard to read, recopy them so your readers can read them
easily. Make any corrections and revisions neatly, between
the lines. Do not write in the margins. Your readers take into
account that you had only 30 minutes to compose and
write your essay. Within that time limit, try to make your
essay as polished as you can.
Tips for Taking the ACT Writing Test
Pace yourself.
The ACT Writing Test gives you 30 minutes to read and
think about the issue in the prompt, and to plan and write
your essay. When asked to write a timed essay, most
writers find it useful to do some planning before they write
the essay, and to do a final check of the essay when it is
finished. It is unlikely that you will have time to draft, revise,
and recopy your essay. Therefore, taking a few minutes to
plan your essay is a much better strategy than writing a first
draft with the intent to copy it over for the final essay.
Practice.
There are many ways to prepare for the ACT Writing
Test. You may be surprised that these include reading
newspapers and magazines, listening to news analyses on
television or radio, and participating in discussions and
debates about issues and problems. These activities help
you become more familiar with current issues, with different
perspectives on those issues, and with strategies that
skilled writers and speakers use to present their points
of view.
Prewrite.
Some writers like to plunge right in, but this is seldom a
good way to do well on a timed essay. Prewriting gets you
acquainted with the issue, suggests patterns for presenting
your thoughts, and gives you a little breathing room to
come up with interesting ideas for introducing and
concluding your essay. Before writing, then, carefully
consider the prompt and make sure you understand it—
reread it if you aren’t sure. Decide how you want to answer
the question in the prompt. Then jot down your ideas on the
topic: this might simply be a list of ideas, reasons, and
examples that you will use to explain your point of view on
the issue. Write down what you think others might say in
opposition to your point of view and think about how you
would refute their argument. Think of how best to organize
the ideas in your essay. Do your prewriting in your Writing
Test booklet. You can refer back to these notes as you write
your essay on the lined pages of your answer folder.
Of course, one of the best ways to prepare for the ACT
Writing Test is to practice writing different kinds of texts, for
different purposes, with different audiences in mind. The
writing you do in your English classes will help you. So will
practice in writing essays, stories, poems, plays, editorials,
reports, letters to the editor, a personal journal, or other
kinds of writing that you do on your own. Because the ACT
Writing Test asks you to explain your perspective on an
issue in a convincing way, writing opportunities like
editorials or letters to the editor of a newspaper are
especially helpful. Practicing a variety of different kinds of
writing will help make you a versatile writer able to adjust to
different writing occasions and assignments.
Write.
Once you’re ready to write your essay in the answer folder,
proceed with the confidence that you have prepared well
and that you will have attentive and receptive readers who
are interested in your ideas. At the beginning of your essay,
make sure readers will see that you understand the issue.
Explain your point of view in a clear and logical way. If
possible, discuss the issue in a broader context or evaluate
the implications or complications of the issue. Address
what others might say to refute your point of view and
present a counterargument. Use specific examples.
Vary the structure of your sentences, and use varied and
It is also a good idea to practice writing within a time limit.
This will help build skills that are important in college-level
learning and in the world of work. Taking the practice ACT
Writing Test in this booklet will give you a good idea of what
timed writing is like and how much additional practice you
may need. You might want to take the practice ACT Writing
Test even if you do not plan to take the ACT Plus Writing,
because all the writing you do contributes to your skill in
expressing yourself.
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Content Covered by the ACT Writing Test
you follow all directions carefully. For instance, if you do not
copy the Matching Information from your ticket onto your
answer document accurately, or fill in the correct ovals,
your scores will be delayed, possibly up to 8 weeks.
Writing is where form and content come together. To state
that more precisely, writing is where you put form and
content together. On the ACT Writing Test, we provide the
“prompt”—a writing question about an issue that has been
chosen for its appropriateness in a 30-minute test and for
its relevance to students’ interests and experiences. The
prompt defines the topic and asks you to focus on that
topic in your essay. But the “content” of your essay—the
arguments and explanations, the analysis and examples, in
all their details—is provided by you. By applying your
writing skills to shaping that content, you also provide the
“form” of your essay. So, with regard to the content covered
by the Writing Test, you are the author.
3
You will receive a different answer document depending
on which Test Option you chose. Make sure the answer
document you receive matches the Test Option you intend
to take.
When you receive your test booklet, you will be told to read
the directions printed on the cover, then asked to write the
booklet number and test form on your answer document. It
is extremely important that you fill in the correct ovals for
your test booklet number and for the test form you are
taking. If you do not, your scores may be delayed. The
supervisor will then tell you when to break the seal, open
your test booklet, and begin work. If you are taking the ACT
Plus Writing, you will receive a Writing Test booklet only
after you have completed the four multiple-choice tests.
What to Expect
on Test Day
Taking the Tests
Reporting Time
For National and International Test Dates, you must report
to the test center by the time stated on your ticket, normally
8:00 a.m. If you are late, you will not be admitted to test. If
your ticket does not list a specific room, test center staff or
posted signs will direct you.
As you are working, keep your eyes on your own test
booklet and answer document. If you have a question,
raise your hand. Do not look around. Please remember that
as you take the tests you may not use information or
materials that cause you to obtain a test score that
misrepresents what you have learned.
Requirements For Admission
It is important that you understand what is considered
prohibited behavior on the ACT. If you are involved in
any of the actions listed below, you will be dismissed and
your answer document will not be scored.
At check-in, you will be required to show both your
ticket and acceptable photo ID or you will not be
admitted to test. See ID requirements on your ticket or
at www.actstudent.org. You will also need your ticket to
complete your answer document correctly, or your scores
may be delayed.
Prohibited behaviors include:
• filling in or altering ovals on a test or continuing to write
the essay after time is called on that test (You must put
your pencil down immediately when time is called.)
• looking at another examinee’s test booklet or answer
document
• giving or receiving assistance
• looking back at a test on which time has been called
• looking ahead in the test booklet
• using highlight pens, colored pens or pencils, notes,
dictionaries, or other aids
• using a prohibited calculator
• using a calculator on any test other than the
Mathematics Test
• sharing a calculator with another examinee
• using any device to share or exchange information at
any time during testing or during break (all electronic
devices, including cell phones, must be turned off from
the time you are admitted to test until you are dismissed
after testing concludes)
• attempting to remove test materials, including questions
or answers, from the test room by any means
• not following instructions or abiding by the rules of the
test center
• exhibiting confrontational, threatening, or unruly
behavior
• creating a disturbance or allowing an alarm or phone
to sound in the test room
Dos and Don’ts
In the test room, the supervisor or proctor will direct you to a
seat. If you need a left-handed desk, tell your supervisor as
you enter. Do not leave the test room after you have been
admitted. Only pencils, erasers, a permitted calculator (for
the Mathematics Test only), and your ticket will be allowed
on your desk. You will be required to put all other personal
belongings away. You will not be allowed to have scratch
paper, books, dictionaries, notes or other aids, highlighters,
colored pens or pencils, mechanical pencils, ink pens,
correction fluid, reading material, or any electronic devices
other than a permitted calculator. Examples of prohibited
devices include: timer, cell phone, media player, iPad,
headphones, camera. You may not use tobacco in any form
or have food or drink (including water) in the test room.
(Snacks may be consumed only outside the test room during
break.) You must abide by the rules of the test center.
Try to relax just before beginning the tests. Take a few deep
breaths, tense and relax your muscles, and think about
pleasant things.
Test Preliminaries
Testing will begin as soon as all examinees present at 8:00
a.m. are checked in and seated. Listen carefully to all
directions read by your supervisor. Ask questions if you do
not understand what you are to do. It is very important that
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If you engage in any of these prohibited behaviors, you
will be dismissed from the test center and your answer
document will not be scored.
answers, and scoring instructions. This service is not
available for all test dates or for other testing programs
(e.g., International, State, Special). If you want to request
and pay for this service, check www.actstudent.org to see
which test dates offer this service.
If you finish a test before time is called, review your work on
that test. Do not return to a previous test and do not work
ahead. If you are satisfied with your responses, place your
answer document inside your test booklet and close the
cover. Sit quietly until your supervisor gives you additional
instructions.
4
You will have a 10- to 15-minute break after the first two
tests. Do not leave the building during the break because
some buildings have automatic locking doors, and you may
be locked out. You must ask permission to leave the room
during testing to go to the restroom; you will not be allowed
to make up lost time. If you are taking the ACT Plus Writing,
you will have time after Test 4 in which to sharpen your
pencils.
Taking the Practice Tests
Taking the practice tests can help you become familiar with
the ACT. It will be most helpful if you take the tests under
conditions that are as similar as possible to those you will
experience on test day. The following tips will help you
make the most of the practice tests:
• The four multiple-choice tests require a total of 2 hours
and 55 minutes. Take them in order in one sitting, with a
10- to 15-minute break between Tests 2 and 3.
• Sit at a desk with good lighting. You will need
sharpened No. 2 pencils with good erasers. You may
not use highlight pens or correction fluid. Remove all
books and other aids from your desk. On test day, you
will not be allowed to use references or notes. For most
administrations, you will not be allowed to use scratch
paper because each page of the Mathematics Test has
a blank column for scratch work.
• If you plan to use a calculator on the Mathematics Test,
review the information about prohibited calculators at
www.actstudent.org.
• Use a digital timer or clock to time yourself on each
practice test. Set your timer for five minutes less than
the time allowed for each test so you can get used to
the verbal announcement of five minutes remaining.
(Students approved for extended time should set a
timer for 60-minute announcements up to the total time
allowed—5 hours for the ACT [No Writing], or 5 hours
and 45 minutes for the ACT Plus Writing, and an
announcement of five minutes remaining at the end.)
• Give yourself only the time allowed for each test.
• Detach and use the sample multiple-choice answer
document on pages 73–74.
• Read the general test directions on the first page of the
practice multiple-choice tests. These are the same
directions that will appear on your test booklet on test day.
After you have read the directions, start your timer and
begin with Test 1. Continue through Test 4, taking a 10- to
15-minute break between Tests 2 and 3. If you do not plan
to take the ACT Plus Writing, score your multiple-choice
tests using the information beginning on page 57.
• If you plan to take the ACT Plus Writing, read the
directions on the first page of the practice ACT Writing
Test (page 55). These are the same directions that will
appear on your test booklet on test day. After you have
read the directions, start your timer, then carefully read
the prompt on page 56. After you have considered what
the prompt is asking you to do, use scratch paper to
plan your essay and then write your essay in the lined
pages (75–78) on the answer document. When you
have finished, score your essay using the information
on pages 64–72.
On certain test dates, ACT administers test questions for
developmental purposes. Your responses to these
questions do not affect your scores.
At the conclusion of testing, you will be asked to sign a
statement and copy a certification in your normal
handwriting to verify truthful identification of yourself. You
will be required to sit quietly until you are dismissed. After
all answer documents and test booklets have been
collected and counted, your supervisor will dismiss you.
Special Situations
If, for any reason, you have to leave the test center before
completing all your tests, you must decide whether or not
you want your answer document scored and inform your
supervisor of your decision. If you fail to do so, your answer
document will be scored. If you decide after you have
completed all your tests that you do not want your answer
document scored, tell your supervisor before you leave the
test center. You need not give a reason.
Once you break the seal on your multiple-choice test
booklet, you cannot request a Test Date Change. If you do
not complete all your tests and want to test again, you will
have to pay the full test fee for your test option again. If you
complete testing and want to take the ACT again, see
www.actstudent.org for your options. Once you begin
filling out your answer document, you cannot request a Test
Option Change (i.e., you may not change from ACT Plus
Writing to the ACT [No Writing] or the reverse, on test day).
You may not receive scores from more than one test taken
during a scheduled national or international test date. For
example, you may test on Saturday or on an authorized
non-Saturday date (e.g., because your religious beliefs
prohibit testing on Saturday) or on a rescheduled test date
arranged by ACT—but not on more than one of those days.
If you are admitted and allowed to test a second time, we
will report only the scores from the first test. The second set
of scores will be cancelled without refund.
Test Information Release
On certain national test dates, if you test at a national test
center, you may order (for an additional fee) a copy of the
test questions, a copy of your answers, a list of correct
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Practice Multiple-Choice Tests
EXAMINEE STATEMENT, CERTIFICATION, AND SIGNATURE
1. Read the following Statement: By opening this test booklet, I agree to the terms and conditions
set forth in the ACT registration booklet or website for this exam, including the arbitration and dispute remedy provisions. I understand that ACT owns the test questions and responses and affirm
that I will not share any test questions or responses with anyone by any form of communication. I
understand that assuming anyone else’s identity to take this test may violate the law and be subject to legal penalty.
2. Copy the Certification shown below (only the text in italics) on the lines provided. Write in your
normal handwriting.
Certification: I agree to the Statement above and certify that I am the person whose name
appears on this form.
3. Sign your name as you would any official document and enter today’s date.
000000000000000000000
Your Signature
Today’s Date
Form 1267C
Directions
This booklet contains tests in English, Mathematics,
Reading, and Science. These tests measure skills and
abilities highly related to high school course work and
success in college. CALCULATORS MAY BE USED ON
THE MATHEMATICS TEST ONLY.
Only responses marked on your answer document will
be scored. Your score on each test will be based only on
the number of questions you answer correctly during the
time allowed for that test. You will NOT be penalized for
guessing. IT IS TO YOUR ADVANTAGE TO ANSWER
EVERY QUESTION EVEN IF YOU MUST GUESS.
The questions in each test are numbered, and the
suggested answers for each question are lettered. On the
answer document, the rows of ovals are numbered to
match the questions, and the ovals in each row are
lettered to correspond to the suggested answers.
You may work on each test ONLY when your test
supervisor tells you to do so. If you finish a test before
time is called for that test, you should use the time
remaining to reconsider questions you are uncertain
about in that test. You may NOT look back to a test on
which time has already been called, and you may NOT
go ahead to another test. To do so will disqualify you from
the examination.
For each question, first decide which answer is best.
Next, locate on the answer document the row of ovals
numbered the same as the question. Then, locate the
oval in that row lettered the same as your answer. Finally,
fill in the oval completely. Use a soft lead pencil and make
your marks heavy and black. DO NOT USE INK OR A
MECHANICAL PENCIL.
Lay your pencil down immediately when time is called
at the end of each test. You may NOT for any reason fill
in or alter ovals for a test after time is called for that test.
To do so will disqualify you from the examination.
Mark only one answer to each question. If you change
your mind about an answer, erase your first mark
thoroughly before marking your new answer. For each
question, make certain that you mark in the row of ovals
with the same number as the question.
Do not fold or tear the pages of your test booklet.
DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET
UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
© 2012 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
NOTE: This test material is the confidential property of ACT, Inc.,
and may not be copied, reproduced, sold, or otherwise transferred
without the prior express written permission of ACT, Inc.
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ENGLISH TEST
45 Minutes—75 Questions
DIRECTIONS: In the five passages that follow, certain
words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In
the right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the
underlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the
one that best expresses the idea, makes the statement
appropriate for standard written English, or is worded
most consistently with the style and tone of the passage
as a whole. If you think the original version is best,
choose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in
the right-hand column a question about the underlined
part. You are to choose the best answer to the question.
You will also find questions about a section of the passage, or about the passage as a whole. These questions
do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, but
rather are identified by a number or numbers in a box.
For each question, choose the alternative you consider
best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answer
document. Read each passage through once before you
begin to answer the questions that accompany it. For
many of the questions, you must read several sentences
beyond the question to determine the answer. Be sure
that you have read far enough ahead each time you
choose an alternative.
PASSAGE I
Dragonfly
The nature trail is six feet wide and
seven miles long. It slithers through the forest like a
snake curving, and bending along the banks of the river.
1. A.
B.
C.
D.
1
The county cleared this path and paved it with packed
2. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined
portion would NOT be acceptable?
F. path, paving
G. path and then paved
H. path before paving
J. path paved
2
gravel, so they would have a peaceful place to hike and
3
bike.
I ride this trail nearly every day—not on a bike,
4
but on “Luigi.” That’s the nickname I gave my
motorized wheelchair. % Today, Luigi’s battery
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
NO CHANGE
snake, curving and bending
snake curving and bending,
snake, curving, and bending,
3. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
knowing they
that they
people
4. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
day; not on a bike
day not on a bike
day, not on a bike;
5. If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the
essay would primarily lose:
A. a reason why the narrator is in the forest.
B. a detail important for understanding the essay.
C. a contrast to the lighthearted tone of the essay.
D. nothing at all; this information is irrelevant to the
essay.
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is fully charged, I know I can go all the way to the end
6. F.
G.
H.
J.
6
of the trail and back. But I always carry a cell phone on
NO CHANGE
charged, because of that,
charged, this means that
charged, so
me just in case.
Luigi’s motor moves slowly as we venture along
7. Which choice would most logically and effectively
emphasize the positive, friendly attitude the narrator
has toward Luigi?
A. NO CHANGE
B. travels safely
C. proceeds carefully
D. purrs softly
7
the trail. I can hear the gravel quietly crunching beneath
Luigi’s rubber wheels. I hear the songs of cardinals in the
8
trees and the clamor of crickets in the grasses. I hear the
murmur of water slipping over time-smoothed rocks. It is
9
September, and some of the trees are starting to blush red
8. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
You can hear
One can even hear
While hearing
9. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
Due to the fact that it is
It turns into the month of
Because it has turned into
and orange at their tips. The wind ruffles my hair and
10. F.
G.
H.
J.
chills my face as I bounce gently, along in my padded
10
chair.
NO CHANGE
gentle, along
gently along
gentle along,
11. Which choice most effectively leads into the new subject of this paragraph?
A. NO CHANGE
B. The sun begins to set
C. Nature always impresses me
D. Days can go by quickly
Bicyclists streak past in a blur of color and a cloud of
11
dust I don’t understand their hurry. Luigi can go fast, but I
12
like to ride slowly, to see like a hovering dragonfly. I want
12. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
dust, however,
dust.
dust,
13. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
hour, looking,
hour looking;
hour looking
to see everything that has changed, grown, bloomed, or
died since yesterday. Today I notice that a spider has
woven a web between some honeysuckle bushes by the
bridge. I see that the bank of vibrant yellow black-eyed
Susans by the barbed wire fence is starting to dry and fade
away. I spend an hour; looking and listening and learning.
13
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And now my ride is finished for today. I leave the
trail and come out into the open, manicured park at the
trails end. There, my older brother helps me out of my
14. F.
G.
H.
J.
14
chair and into his waiting van. He puts Luigi in the back,
NO CHANGE
trail’s
trails’
trails’s
and I return to the world of pavement, streetlights, and
Question 15 asks about the preceding passage
as a whole.
traffic. But in my mind, I am still gliding through the
forest. I am like the water, flowing over ancient stones.
Inside, I am still a dragonfly.
15. Suppose the writer’s goal had been to write an essay
illustrating the pleasure that people can take in nature.
Would this essay accomplish that goal?
A. Yes, because it focuses on a variety of wildflowers
that the narrator enjoys.
B. Yes, because it focuses on the narrator’s joy at
having access to nature.
C. No, because it describes the world of the city as
being more important to the narrator.
D. No, because it focuses primarily on the functioning of the narrator’s motorized wheelchair.
PASSAGE II
Beneath the Streets of New York
At 2 p.m., on October 27, 1904; thousands of
16
New York City residents poured into the streets of
16. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
2 p.m. on October 27, 1904, thousands
2 p.m., on October 27, 1904; thousands,
2 p.m. on October 27, 1904, thousands,
17. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
feat, over
feat:
feat
Manhattan. Their cheers competed with the blare of
ferryboat horns and the whistle of power plants. The
city was celebrating an incredible engineering feat; the
17
completion of the first section of the New York City
Subway. 2
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
18. The writer is concerned about the level of detail in the
preceding sentence and is considering deleting the
phrase “the first section of ” from it. If the writer were
to make this deletion, the paragraph would primarily
lose information that:
F. reveals how expansive the New York City Subway
would become.
G. clarifies that only part of the subway system had
been completed by October 27, 1904.
H. makes clear that by October 27, 1904, construction
of the second section of the subway was already
underway.
J. provides evidence that New York City residents at
this celebration believed the entire subway system
was complete.
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The original subway line was 9.1 miles long and had
twenty-eight stations. [A] The first train took twenty-six
minutes to complete the route, which ran from City Hall
to West 145th Street in under a half an hour. Tens of
19. A.
B.
C.
D.
19
thousands of New Yorkers could now avoid traffic jams
by traveling underneath the streets. [B]
NO CHANGE
in the completion of its route.
in twenty-six minutes.
DELETE the underlined portion and end the sentence with a period.
20. Which choice would most effectively conclude the
sentence by indicating clearly how the subway system
could address the problem described in the first part of
the sentence?
F. NO CHANGE
G. traveling more effectively.
H. trying something new.
J. using a system.
20
As early as 1865, there had been proposals for a
New York subway, but that took decades to resolve the
21
many political, financial, and technical challenges. The
engineer, William Barclay Parsons accepted responsibility
22
for overseeing this project.
21. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
it
those
DELETE the underlined portion.
22. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
engineer—William Barclay Parsons
engineer William Barclay Parsons,
engineer William Barclay Parsons
23. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
innovate engineer
innovative engineering
innovate engineering
Parsons decided that most of the subway tunnel
would be constructed using an innovation engineering
23
method known as “cut and cover.” [C] First, workers used
picks and shovels to remove roads and dig a deep trench.
24. F. NO CHANGE
G. into the ground deeply under where the roads had
previously been removed by them.
H. a trench far down below since it was necessary to
shovel deep into the earth in this method known as
“cut and cover.”
J. DELETE the underlined portion and end the sentence with a period.
24
After installing wooden braces to hold back the earth,
workers built a concrete floor. Tunnel walls were
created: with layers of brick, ceramic blocks, tar-soaked
25. A.
B.
C.
D.
25
felt for waterproofing, and concrete. The roof was made
NO CHANGE
created, with
created with
created with:
from arch-shaped wooden molds also covered with
concrete. Next, track beds were filled with crushed stone,
and rails were secured to wooden ties. Finally, the roof was
covered with tar-soaked felt, and the roads were rebuilt.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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Brightly lit stations welcomed the public, many
of them were skeptical of traveling underground. [D] It
26
didn’t take long for New Yorkers to adapt, however. The
27
day after the subway opened, one newspaper reported that
26. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
of whom
of who
DELETE the underlined portion.
27. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
therefore.
for instance.
that is.
the riders were emerging from underground “having
finished what will be to them the daily routine of the
rest of their lives.” <
28. The writer wishes to add a sentence that describes the
magnitude and expansiveness of the New York City
Subway system today. Given that all the following
statements are true, which one, if added here, would
most clearly and effectively accomplish the writer’s
goal?
F. Even today, for many New Yorkers that news paper’s account is right!
G. Today, riding a portion of the New York City
Subway’s 656 miles of mainline track is a daily
routine for more than 4 million people.
H. Today, the New York City Transit Authority continuously maintains two separate fleets of subway
cars.
J. Now, a typical New York City Subway waiting
platform ranges from 400 to 700 feet.
Question 29 asks about the preceding passage
as a whole.
29. Upon reviewing the essay and finding that some information has been left out, the writer composes the following sentence incorporating that information:
This technique, also known as “open excavation,” became the standard for subway tunneling for nearly sixty years.
If the writer were to add this sentence to the essay, the
sentence would most logically be placed at Point:
A. A.
B. B.
C. C.
D. D.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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PASSAGE III
Diego Rivera: The People’s Painter
In the 1920s, Mexican artist Diego Rivera
(1886–1957) practiced the art of painting frescoes, large
30. The writer wants to suggest that the art of the fresco
had been in decline previous to Rivera. Which choice
best accomplishes that goal?
F. NO CHANGE
G. engaged in
H. influenced
J. revived
30
murals done on fresh plaster. Rivera’s frescoes appeared
on the outside walls of buildings in Mexico City, in plain
sight of any passerby. This brought art out of the elite
galleries by catering to the upper class and literally to the
31. A.
B.
C.
D.
31
public.
Rivera attracted for his belief controversy that the
NO CHANGE
that catered
while catering
and catered
32. F. NO CHANGE
G. Rivera should wield more political power for his
belief that controversy attracted the working class.
H. Rivera for his controversy attracted belief that the
working class should wield more political power.
J. Rivera attracted controversy for his belief that the
working class should wield more political power.
32
working class should wield more political power. His
32
dominant artistic subject in his art was as expansive
33
than his frescoes: the role played by laborers in the past,
34
present, and future of humanity. One of his frescoes depict
35
a progression through time and can be read as time lines
33. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
that he was interested in
that he focused on
DELETE the underlined portion.
34. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
then
as
if
35. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
Many
Each
Any one
36. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
history; the
history, the
history—the
37. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
if it were
was
if it was
from left to right. For example, on the left side of a fresco,
there might be field workers hunched over in fatigue and
surrounded by the tools of their trade. On the right side,
after they have moved through history. The same workers
36
stand tall, radiating strength and confidence. Such
empowerment of the worker were to be the bright future
37
Rivera envisioned for all the workers of the world.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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Rivera received various prestigious commissions
38. F.
G.
H.
J.
38
while he was in the United States. In the 1930s, he was
NO CHANGE
various, prestigious,
various, and prestigious
various and prestigious,
commissioned by the Ford Motor Company to paint
a twenty-seven-panel fresco in the Detroit Institute of Arts.
39. If the underlined phrase were deleted, the sentence
would primarily lose a detail that:
A. repeats information found elsewhere in the
sentence.
B. is necessary for the sentence to be grammatically
complete.
C. provides new and relevant information to the
sentence.
D. is ambiguous and unnecessary to the sentence.
39
The fresco, Detroit Industry, portrays some of the varied
groups that shaped American culture and constituted its
workforce. The central panel on the north wall shows the
manufacture of a 1932 Ford V-8 engine, when the central
40
panel on the south wall shows the production of this same
car’s exterior. Smaller panels depicting workers in a
41
40. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
since
thus
and
41. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
depict
depicting some
had depicted
variety of other Detroit industries. J The fresco is a
42. The writer is thinking of adding the following phrase
to the end of the preceding sentence (changing the
period after industries to a comma):
such as medicine, pharmaceuticals, and
chemicals.
Should the writer make this addition there?
F. Yes, because it offers relevant examples that help
to specify a broad term.
G. Yes, because it helps explain how the panels were
physically constructed.
H. No, because it provides a sampling of industries
rather than a full listing.
J. No, because it digresses from the main point of the
sentence.
dynamic work because, by capturing the energy, humanity,
43. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
that,
while,
that was,
44. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
Despite this,
Regardless,
DELETE the underlined portion.
43
and collective achievement of the Detroit workers,
celebrates all working men and women. However, Rivera
44
considered it the greatest achievement of his career.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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PASSAGE IV
After All These Years
[1]
[1] I met Joan, the person who would be my best
friend for the next twenty years, the first morning I played
outside my family’s new California home. [2] I was five
years old. [3] We became inseparable childhood friends,
and we remained close, even though we attended different
45. A.
B.
C.
D.
45
high schools and colleges.
NO CHANGE
close, yet even
close; even
close. Even
[2]
Joan enjoyed jogging and painting cityscapes. I loved
46. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined
portion would NOT be acceptable?
F. cityscapes, while I
G. cityscapes; I
H. cityscapes. I, on the other hand,
J. cityscapes I
46
hiking trips and writing. We shared an appreciation of the
outdoors and a passion for our creative work. More
importantly though we enjoyed being together. Through
47. A.
B.
C.
D.
47
our history of shared experiences, we formed a rare
NO CHANGE
important though
importantly, though,
important, though
understanding of each other.
[3]
[1] Last February, I had to travel to Fairbanks,
Alaska, for my work. [2] Though we had rarely spoken
to each other in fifteen years, when I called Joan to
suggest a meeting, her voice sounded wonderfully familiar.
48. Which choice would best express the narrator’s positive reaction to speaking with Joan and the narrator’s
fondness for her friend?
F. NO CHANGE
G. she said that she would rearrange her schedule so
that we could meet.
H. she told me that she immediately recognized my
voice.
J. her quick words and the sound of her laugh surprised me.
48
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[3] Through my parents, whom were still in touch with
49
Joan’s father, I learned that Joan was currently living in
50
Fairbanks. S
49. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
who
whose
which
50. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
we
they
he
51. Which of the following sequences of sentences makes
Paragraph 3 most logical?
A. NO CHANGE
B. 1, 3, 2
C. 2, 1, 3
D. 3, 2, 1
[4]
I parked my rental car in downtown Fairbanks,
and to keep the battery from freezing, I plugged the
engine into an electrical outlet in the parking lot
so the battery would stay warm. It was twenty below
52. F. NO CHANGE
G. located in the downtown area of the city.
H. so the battery would continue to work properly
despite the cold weather.
J. DELETE the underlined portion and end the sentence with a period.
52
zero that afternoon, and the sky shone with a pale gray
53. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined
portion would NOT be acceptable?
A. was glowing
B. glowed
C. shined
D. shoned
53
light. V I called Joan from a pay phone. She soon met
54. If the writer were to delete the preceding sentence, the
essay would primarily lose:
F. an indication of the narrator’s response to the
weather conditions in Fairbanks.
G. a detailed analysis of why the narrator had to plug
the car engine into an electrical outlet.
H. descriptive details that help set the scene of the
narrator’s meeting with Joan.
J. unnecessary details that repeat information given
earlier in the paragraph.
me on a street corner that was close to her art studio.
[5]
As we walked upstairs to her studio,
we slipped into our familiar habits, talking about
55. A.
B.
C.
D.
55
the people in our lives and our work. We talked just
NO CHANGE
fell upon
dropped by
returned with
as easily as we had in the past, when we would sit
in the field behind Joan’s house atop the rabbit hutch
56. F. NO CHANGE
G. in the field atop the rabbit hutch behind Joan’s
house
H. atop the rabbit hutch in the field behind Joan’s
house
J. behind Joan’s house in the field atop the rabbit
hutch
56
and discuss our friends and our hopes for the future.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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[6]
When I saw Joan’s new paintings, I immediately
remembered her distinct way of emphasizing shadows and
light. I remembered everything about her: how she would
get so absorbed in her work that she’d forget to eat, how
57. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined
portion would NOT be acceptable?
A. engrossed in
B. acquired by
C. immersed in
D. engaged in
57
she disliked talking in the morning, how she was firm in
58. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined
portion would NOT be acceptable?
F. with
G. regarding
H. along
J. about
58
her decisions. The years of separation had not affected the
59. Given that all the choices are true, which one would
best conclude this essay by effectively summarizing its
main idea?
A. NO CHANGE
B. Sadly, I realized that although we might be able to
meet once a year, Joan and I would probably never
again live in the same city.
C. Even though we had followed different interests, I
was glad to know that both Joan and I had been
able to devote time to our creative work.
D. As a result of the time we spent together when we
were very young, I’ll always remember Joan.
59
heart of our connection, our friendship.
59
Question 60 asks about the preceding passage
as a whole.
60. Upon reviewing the essay and finding that some information has been left out, the writer composes the following sentence incorporating that information:
Yet, despite such strong ties, we moved far
apart as adults and lost touch.
This sentence would most logically be placed:
F. after Sentence 2 in Paragraph 1.
G. at the end of Paragraph 2.
H. at the end of Paragraph 4.
J. after the first sentence in Paragraph 6.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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PASSAGE V
Three Stars, Many Stories
Many thousands of years ago, people around the
world began attaching different stories to the stars in the
61
night sky. The Sun sets gradually the images of a winged
62
horse, a drinking gourd, a heartbroken hero appear in
61. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
stories, which they connected to
stories, to which they related to
stories because of
62. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
sets, gradually,
sets, and gradually
setting gradually
63. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
pattern, or constellation
pattern or constellation,
pattern or constellation:
lights overhead. In some cases, a pattern of stars may
represent a simple object that has meaning in day-to-day
life. In other cases, the pattern, or constellation, may be
63
a figure with a different kind of meaning.
64. Given that all the choices are true, which one ends this
paragraph with the clearest allusion to Orion, as the
constellation is described later in the essay?
F. NO CHANGE
G. that is interesting but hard to see without a
telescope.
H. who plays a dramatic role in a myth that has been
told and retold for centuries.
J. that is also represented in the night sky once the
Sun has set and the stars emerge.
64
Three bright stars that I’ve read about have acquired
65. Given that all the choices are true, which one offers
visual information about the stars as they appear in
modern times?
A. NO CHANGE
B. have different names in different cultures
C. formed long before any of us were born
D. together roughly form a straight line
65
significance for many viewers around the globe. In some
66. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined
portion would NOT be acceptable?
F. observers
G. overseers
H. night-sky watchers
J. stargazers
66
agricultural parts of Japan, for instance, these three stars
67. Given that all the choices are true, which one provides
a detail that has the most direct connection to the
information that follows in this sentence?
A. NO CHANGE
B. distant
C. populated
D. historic
67
are commonly referred to as Karasuki and represent a
three-pronged plow. It’s awesome that in other parts of
68. F.
G.
H.
J.
68
Japan, the same three stars appear in a constellation
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
24
NO CHANGE
You’ll be amazed to learn that in
Consider, if you will, the notion that in
In
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representing the floor-length sleeve of a woman’s kimono.
In still other parts of Japan, this shining trio appears in the
69
center of an hourglass-shaped drum, a tsuzumi.
69. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
In Japan’s imagination, this
In Japan, this
This
70. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
have
could of
has been
71. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
mythology of the Tswana people, of South Africa
mythology, of the Tswana people, of South Africa
mythology of the Tswana people of South Africa,
72. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
so when
this means
that
73. A.
B.
C.
D.
NO CHANGE
they’re
there
but there
74. F.
G.
H.
J.
NO CHANGE
world, and their
world, with
world,
On the other side of the world, the same
three stars has traditionally represented three
70
zebras to the Namaqua people of South Africa. In
the mythology, of the Tswana people of South Africa,
71
these same stars represent three pigs.
[1] Orion is the name many Westerners use for a
constellation that contains these three stars. [ 2] In Greek
mythology, Orion is a mighty hunter. [3] In the night sky,
he carries a bow and arrow and is accompanied by his
loyal dogs, Canis Major and Canis Minor. [4] The three
stars form the brilliant belt around the hunter’s waist.
[5] In the sky with Orion are the animals he used to hunt
on Earth—from a small rabbit to a huge bull. [ 6] The
scorpion that, according to myth, killed Orion inhabits
the sky as well, but at such a distance because it can never
72
sting the hunter again. [7] Even in an age of big-screen
televisions, their is still no show on Earth as big as the
73
night sky. [8] Stars up there play different roles around
the world, their dazzling careers span thousands of
74
years. k
75. The writer wants to divide the preceding paragraph
into two to create a concluding paragraph that is free
of direct references to a specific culture’s view of the
three stars. The best place to begin the new paragraph
would be at the beginning of Sentence:
A. 4.
B. 5.
C. 6.
D. 7.
END OF TEST 1
STOP! DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
25
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 26
2
2
MATHEMATICS TEST
60 Minutes—60 Questions
DIRECTIONS: Solve each problem, choose the correct
answer, and then fill in the corresponding oval on your
answer document.
but some of the problems may best be done without
using a calculator.
Note: Unless otherwise stated, all of the following should
be assumed.
Do not linger over problems that take too much time.
Solve as many as you can; then return to the others in
the time you have left for this test.
1.
2.
3.
4.
You are permitted to use a calculator on this test. You
may use your calculator for any problems you choose,
1. The weekly fee for staying at the Pleasant Lake
Campground is $20 per vehicle and $10 per person.
Last year, weekly fees were paid for v vehicles and
p persons. Which of the following expressions gives
the total amount, in dollars, collected for weekly fees
last year?
A. 20v + 10p
B. 20p + 10v
C. 10(v + p)
D. 30(v + p)
E. 10(v + p) + 20p
Illustrative figures are NOT necessarily drawn to scale.
Geometric figures lie in a plane.
The word line indicates a straight line.
The word average indicates arithmetic mean.
5. Joelle earns her regular pay of $7.50 per hour for up to
40 hours of work in a week. For each hour over
40 hours of work in a week, Joelle is paid 1 _12_ times her
regular pay. How much does Joelle earn for a week in
which she works 42 hours?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2. If r = 9, b = 5, and g = −6, what does (r + b − g)(b + g)
equal?
F. −20
G. 0−8
H. 0 8
J.
19
K. 20
$126.00
$315.00
$322.50
$378.00
$472.50
6. Which of the following mathematical expressions is
equivalent to the verbal expression “A number, x,
squared is 39 more than the product of 10 and x” ?
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
3. A copy machine makes 60 copies per minute. A second
copy machine makes 80 copies per minute. The second
machine starts making copies 2 minutes after the first
machine starts. Both machines stop making copies
8 minutes after the first machine started. Together, the
2 machines made how many copies?
A. 480
B. 600
C. 680
D. 720
E. 960
2x =
2x =
0x2 =
0x2 =
0x2 =
390 + 10x
39x + 10x
390 − 10x
390 + 00x10
390 + 10x
7. If 9(x − 9) = −11, then x = ?
A. − _92_
9
4. Marlon is bowling in a tournament and has the highest
average after 5 games, with scores of 210, 225, 254,
231, and 280. In order to maintain this exact average,
what must be Marlon’s score for his 6th game?
F. 200
G. 210
H. 231
J. 240
K. 245
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
B. − _20_
9
C. − _11_
9
26
D.
− _2_
9
E.
_70_
9
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 27
2
2
14. A function f(x) is defined as f(x) = −8x2. What is f(−3) ?
F. 0−72
G. 0 72
H. 0192
J. −576
K. 0576
8. Discount tickets to a basketball tournament sell for
$4.00 each. Enrico spent $60.00 on discount tickets,
$37.50 less than if he had bought the tickets at the
regular price. What was the regular ticket price?
F. $02.50
G. $06.40
H. $06.50
J. $07.50
K. $11.00
15. If 3x = 54, then which of the following must be true?
A. 1 < x < 2
B. 2 < x < 3
C. 3 < x < 4
D. 4 < x < 5
E. 5 < x
9. The expression (3x − 4y2)(3x + 4y2) is equivalent to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9x2 −
9x2 −
9x2 +
6x2 −
6x2 −
16y4
08y4
16y4
16y4
08y4
16. What is the least common multiple of 70, 60, and 50 ?
F. 000,060
G. 000,180
H. 000,210
J. 002,100
K. 210,000
10. A rectangle has an area of 32 square feet and a
perimeter of 24 feet. What is the shortest of the side
lengths, in feet, of the rectangle?
F. 1
G. 2
H. 3
J. 4
K. 8
17. Hot Shot Electronics is designing a packing box for its
new line of Acoustical Odyssey speakers. The box is a
rectangular prism of length 45 centimeters, width
30 centimeters, and volume 81,000 cubic centimeters.
What is the height, in centimeters, of the box?
A. 75
B. 60
C. 48
D. 27
E. 18
11. In 䉭ABC, the sum of the measures of ∠A and ∠B is
47°. What is the measure of ∠C ?
A. 047°
B. 086°
C. 094°
D. 133°
E. 143°
18. Four points, A, B, C, and D, lie on a circle having a
circumference of 15 units. B is 2 units counterclockwise
from A. C is 5 units clockwise from A. D is 7 units
clockwise from A and 8 units counterclockwise from A.
What is the order of the points, starting with A and
going clockwise around the circle?
F. A, B, C, D
G. A, B, D, C
H. A, C, B, D
J. A, C, D, B
K. A, D, C, B
12. In the school cafeteria, students choose their lunch
from 3 sandwiches, 3 soups, 4 salads, and 2 drinks.
How many different lunches are possible for a student
who chooses exactly 1 sandwich, 1 soup, 1 salad, and
1 drink?
F. 02
G. 04
H. 12
J. 36
K. 72
19. A group of cells grows in number as described by the
equation y = 16(2)t, where t represents the number of
days and y represents the number of cells. According
to this formula, how many cells will be in the group at
the end of the first 5 days?
13. For 2 consecutive integers, the result of adding the
smaller integer and triple the larger integer is 79. What
are the 2 integers?
A. 18, 19
B. 19, 20
C. 20, 21
D. 26, 27
E. 39, 40
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27
0,080
0,160
0,400
0,512
1,280
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 28
2
2
20. The length of a rectangle is 3 times the length of a
smaller rectangle. The 2 rectangles have the same
width. The area of the smaller rectangle is A square
units. The area of the larger rectangle is kA square
units. Which of the following is the value of k ?
G. _1_
24. Lines p and n lie in the standard (x,y) coordinate plane.
An equation for line p is y = 0.12x + 3,000. The slope
of line n is 0.1 greater than the slope of line p. What is
the slope of line n ?
F. 000.012
G. 000.02
H. 000.22
J. 001.2
K. 300
H. 1
25. The expression −8x3(7x6 − 3x5) is equivalent to:
F.
_1_
9
3
J.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3
K. 9
21. (a + 2b + 3c) − (4a + 6b − 5c) is equivalent to:
A. −4a − 8b − 2c
B. −4a − 4b + 8c
C. −3a + 8b − 2c
D. −3a − 4b − 2c
E. −3a − 4b + 8c
26. −3⏐ −6 + 8⏐ = ?
F. −42
G. 0−6
H. 0−1
J.
06
K. 42
___
___
27. In right
___ triangle 䉭ACE below,
___ BD is parallel to AE
___,
and BD is perpendicular ___
to EC at D. The length of AC
is
___20 feet, the length of BD is 3 feet, and the
___length of
CD is 4 feet. What is the length, in feet, of AE ?
22. The dimensions of the right triangle shown below are
given in feet. What is sin,θ ?
F.
_a_
b
G. _a_
c
θ
c
A
b
20
H. _b_
c
J.
_b_
a
−56x9 + 24x8
−56x9 − 24x8
−56x18 + 24x15
−56x18 − 24x15
−32x4
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
a
K. _c_
?
10
12
15
16
17
B
3
E
D 4 C
a
28. As part of a lesson on motion, students observed a cart
rolling at a constant rate along a straight line. As
shown in the chart below, they recorded the distance,
y feet, of the cart from a reference point at 1-second
intervals from t = 0 seconds to t = 5 seconds.
23. In a basketball passing drill, 5 basketball players stand
evenly spaced around a circle. The player with the ball
(the passer) passes it to another player (the receiver).
The receiver cannot be the player to the passer’s
immediate right or left and cannot be the player who
last passed the ball. A designated player begins the
drill as the first passer. This player will be the receiver
for the first time on which pass of the ball?
A. 04th
B. 05th
C. 06th
D. 10th
E. 24th
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
t
0
1
2
3
4
5
y
14
19
24
29
34
39
Which of the following equations represents this data?
F. y = 00t + 14
G. y = 05t + 09
H. y = 05t + 14
J. y = 14t + 05
K. y = 19t
28
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 29
2
2
29. The inequality 6(x + 2) > 7(x − 5) is equivalent to
which of the following inequalities?
A. x < −23
B. x < 07
C. x < 17
D. x < 37
E. x < 47
33. What are the quadrants of the standard (x,y) coordinate
plane below that contain points on the graph of the
equation 4x − 2y = 8 ?
y
quadrants
of the
standard (x,y)
coordinate
plane
30. The sides of a square are 3 cm long. One vertex of the
square is at (2,0) on a square coordinate grid marked in
centimeter units. Which of the following points could
also be a vertex of the square?
F. (−4, 0)
G. ( 0, 1)
H. ( 1,−1)
J. ( 4, 1)
K. ( 5, 0)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
H
4 meters
F
ete
2
公x僓僓僓僓
+ 4僓
C.
公x僓僓僓僓
+ 8僓
D.
公x僓僓僓僓僓
− 16僓
E.
2
公x僓僓僓僓僓
+ 16僓
x meters
III
IV
I and III only
I, II, and III only
I, II, and IV only
I, III, and IV only
II, III, and IV only
35. Jerome, Kevin, and Seth shared a submarine sandwich.
G
Jerome ate _1_ of the sandwich, Kevin ate _1_ of the
2
3
sandwich, and Seth ate the rest. What is the ratio of
Jerome’s share to Kevin’s share to Seth’s share?
2
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2
15 green marbles. How many additional red marbles
must be added to the 32 marbles already in the bag so
that the probability of randomly drawing a red marble
is _3_ ?
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
5
13
18
28
32
40
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
2:3:6
2:6:3
3:1:2
3:2:1
6:3:2
36. A particular circle in the standard (x,y) coordinate
plane has an equation of (x − 5)2 + y2 = 38. What are
the radius of the circle, in coordinate units, and the
coordinates of the center of the circle?
radius
center
32. A bag contains 12 red marbles, 5 yellow marbles, and
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
x
O
rs
A. x + 4
B.
I
34. The graph of y = −5x2 + 9 passes through (1,2a) in the
standard (x,y) coordinate plane. What is the value of a ?
F.
2
G. 4
H. 7
J. −1
K. −8
31. For 䉭FGH, shown below, which of the following is an
expression for y in terms of x ?
ym
II
29
公僓僓
38
0019
0038
公僓僓
38
0019
( 5,0)
( 5,0)
( 5,0)
(−5,0)
(−5,0)
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 30
2
2
37. The figure below consists of a square and
2 semicircles, with dimensions as shown. What is the
outside perimeter, in centimeters, of the figure?
8 cm
41. The equations below are linear equations of a system
where a, b, and c are positive integers.
ay + bx = c
ay − bx = c
Which of the following describes the graph of at
least 1 such system of equations in the standard (x,y)
coordinate plane?
I. 2 parallel lines
II. 2 intersecting lines
III. A single line
A. I only
B. II only
C. III only
D. I or II only
E. I, II, or III
8 cm
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
08
16
16
32
32
+
+
+
+
+
08π
08π
16π
08π
16π
38. In the figure
___ below,
___points E and F are the midpoints
of sides AD and BC___
of rectangle
___ ABCD, point G is
the intersection ___
of AF and
BE
, and point H is the
___
intersection of CE and DF . The interior of ABCD
except for the interior of EGFH is shaded. What is the
ratio of the area of EGFH to the area of the shaded
region?
F
B
G
A
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
42. According to the measurements given in the figure
below, which of the following expressions gives the
distance, in miles, from the boat to the dock?
F.
G. 30 cos,52°
C
dock
H. 30 sin, 52°
J.
H
E
boat
30 tan, 52°
30 miles
30
_ _____
cos 52°
lighthouse
30
K. _ _____
sin 52°
D
1:2
1:3
1:4
1:6
Cannot be determined from the given information
43. The circle graph below shows the distribution of
registered voters, by age, for a community. Registered
voters are randomly selected from this distribution to
be called for jury duty. What are the odds (in the age
range:not in the age range) that the first person called
for jury duty is in the age range of 25−35 years?
___
39. The coordinates of the endpoints of CD , in the
standard (x,y) coordinate plane, are (−4,−2) ___
and (14,2).
What is the x-coordinate of the midpoint of CD ?
A. 00
B. 02
C. 05
D. 09
E. 10
Distribution of Registered Voters by Age
11%
8%
25%
42%
40. What is the surface area, in square inches, of an 8-inch
cube?
F. 512
G. 384
H. 320
J. 256
K. 192
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
52°
18–24
25–35
36–44
45–55
56 and up
14%
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30
01:3
07:8
07:43
21:29
42:25
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 31
2
2
___ ___ ___
47. In
___the figure below, AB 储 CD , AE bisects ∠BAC, and
CE bisects ∠ACD. If the measure of ∠BAC is 82°,
what is the measure of ∠AEC ?
Use the following information to answer
questions 44–46.
A
The figure below shows the design of a circular stainedglass panel on display at Hopewell’s Antique Shop. Seams
separate the pieces of the panel. All red triangular pieces
shown are congruent and have a common vertex with each
adjoining triangular piece. The 2 squares shown are
inscribed in the circle. The diameter of the panel is 2 feet.
E
C
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
seam
orange piece
red piece
D
86°
88°
90°
92°
Cannot be determined from the given information
yellow piece
___
___
48. In the circle shown below, chords TR and QS intersect
at P, which is the center of the circle, and the measure
of ∠PST is 30°. What is the degree measure of minor
arc RS ?
2 feet
២
44. The design of the stained-glass panel has how many
lines of symmetry in the plane of the panel?
F. 02
G. 04
H. 08
J. 16
K. Infinitely many
Q
R
P
?
T
30°
S
45. What is the area of the stained-glass panel, to the
nearest 0.1 square foot?
A. 03.1
B. 04.0
C. 06.2
D. 08.0
E. 12.6
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
46. Kaya wants to install a new circular stained-glass
window in her living room. The design of the window
will be identical to that of the panel. The diameter of
the new window will be 75% longer than the diameter
of the panel. The new window will be how many feet
in diameter?
F. 1.50
G. 2.50
H. 2.75
J. 3.50
K. 4.00
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
B
30°
45°
60°
90°
Cannot be determined from the given information
49. For what value of a would the following system of
equations have an infinite number of solutions?
2x – 0y = 80
6x – 3y = 4a
A. 02
B. 06
C. 08
D. 24
E. 32
31
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 32
2
冤
冤
number of large frames
冥
What must be the value of x for the matrix xx 8x to
have a determinant of −16 ?
Marcia makes and sells handcrafted picture frames in
2 sizes: small and large. It takes her 2 hours to make a
small frame and 3 hours to make a large frame. The shaded
triangular region shown below is the graph of a system of
inequalities representing weekly constraints Marcia has
in making the frames. For making and selling s small
frames and l large frames, Marcia makes a profit of
30s + 70l dollars. Marcia sells all the frames she makes.
A. −4
B.
−2
C. − _8_
5
(0,8)
6
4
冥
53. The determinant of a matrix ac bd equals ad − cb.
Use the following information to answer
questions 50–52.
l
8
2
D.
_8_
3
E.
4
(9,2)
2
0
0
54. A formula for finding the value, A dollars, of P dollars
invested at i% interest compounded annually for
n years is A = P(1 + 0.01i)n. Which of the following is
an expression for P in terms of i, n, and A ?
2
4 6
8 10 s
number of small frames
50. The weekly constraint represented by the horizontal
line segment containing (9,2) means that each week
Marcia makes a minimum of:
F. 02 large frames.
G. 09 large frames.
H. 02 small frames.
J. 09 small frames.
K. 11 small frames.
F.
A − 0.01i n
G. A + 0.01i n
51. For every hour that Marcia spends making frames in
the second week of December each year, she donates
$3 from that week’s profit to a local charity. This year,
Marcia made 4 large frames and 2 small frames in that
week. Which of the following is closest to the percent
of that week’s profit Marcia donated to the charity?
A. 06%
B. 12%
C. 14%
D. 16%
E. 19%
H.
_
冢 _1______
+ 0.01i 冣
J.
A
_________
_
(1 − 0.01i)n
A
n
A
_________
_
K. (1 + 0.01i)n
55. If x and y are real numbers such that x > 1 and y < −1,
then which of the following inequalities must be true?
A. _x_ > 1
52. What is the maximum profit Marcia can earn from the
picture frames she makes in 1 week?
F. $410
G. $460
H. $540
J. $560
K. $690
y
2
B. ⏐ x⏐ > ⏐ y⏐
y
C. _x_ − 5 > __ − 5
3
3
D. x + 1 > y2 + 1
2
E. x−2 > y−2
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
32
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2
2
56. Triangles 䉭ABC and 䉭PQR are shown below. The
given side lengths are in centimeters. The area of
䉭ABC is 30 square centimeters. What is the area of
䉭PQR, in square centimeters?
58. What is the sum of the first 4 terms of the arithmetic
sequence in which the 6th term is 8 and the 10th term
is 13 ?
F. 10.5
G. 14.5
H. 18
J. 21.25
K. 39.5
B
Q
x
y
70°
x
A
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
C
y
110°
P
R
15
19
25
30
33
57. Triangle 䉭ABC is shown in the figure below. The
measure of ∠A is 40°, AB = 18 cm, and AC = 12 cm.
Which
of the following is the length, in centimeters, of
___
BC ?
59. In the equation x2 + mx + n = 0, m and n are integers.
The only possible value for x is –3. What is the value
of m ?
A. 3
B. –3
C. 6
D. –6
E. 9
(Note: For a triangle with sides of length a, b, and c
opposite angles ∠A, ∠B, and ∠C, respectively, the law
sin ___
∠A = ___
sin ___
∠B = sin
∠C and the law of
______
of sines states ___
a
b
c
cosines states c = a + b − 2ab cos,∠C.)
2
2
2
18 cm
B
A
40°
12 cm
C
60. The solution set of which of the following equations is
the set of real numbers that are 5 units from −3 ?
A. 12 sin,40°
B. 18 sin,40°
C.
僓僓僓僓僓僓僓
公18
− 12僓
D.
2
僓僓僓僓僓僓僓
公12
+ 18僓2
E.
2
僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓僓
僓
公12
+ 182 − 2(12)(18) cos 40°
2
F.
G.
H.
J.
K.
2
⏐x +
⏐x −
⏐x +
⏐x −
⏐x +
3⏐
3⏐
5⏐
5⏐
5⏐
=
=
=
=
=
5
5
3
3
−3
END OF TEST 2
STOP! DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
DO NOT RETURN TO THE PREVIOUS TEST.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
33
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3
3
READING TEST
35 Minutes—40 Questions
DIRECTIONS: There are several passages in this test.
Each passage is accompanied by several questions.
After reading a passage, choose the best answer to each
question and fill in the corresponding oval on your
answer document. You may refer to the passages as
often as necessary.
Passage I
PROSE FICTION: This passage is adapted from the short story
“From Aboard the Night Train” by Kimberly M. Blaeser (©1993
by Kimberly M. Blaeser), which appeared in Earth Song, Sky
Spirit: Short Stories of the Contemporary Native American
Experience.
40
The passage begins with a female narrator traveling to her
hometown.
5
10
15
20
25
45
The moon gives some light and I can make out the
contours of the land, see the faint reflection in the lakes
and ponds we pass. Several times I see or imagine I see
glowing eyes staring back at me from a patch of woods
beside the track. When we pass through the tiny towns,
I try to read their signs, catch their names from their
water towers or grain elevators. Occasionally the train
stops at . . . Portage . . . Winona . . . Red Wing.
50
In my sleeping compartment, watching the night
countryside, so much world rolls by my window. Like a
voyeur I watch the various reunion scenes. I feel these
scenes add up to something, some meaning or lesson
about all life, and I try to put it into words for myself
but find I can’t. I finally give up, roll over, go to sleep,
and dream.
55
60
35
65
Suddenly, as I descend the two steps from the
train, the porter hands me into one of the reunion
scenes. “Hi, honey, how was the trip? Did you get any
sleep?” “A little. Been waiting long?” “Long enough to
beat your dad in two games of cribbage . . . ” Glancing
back at the train windows, I imagine I am looking into
eyes hidden behind mirrored sunglasses.
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I think about progress a lot in the next few days
and about what passes for progress. Nightly we walk
about town, talk marriages and funerals, then sit on the
newly installed benches on Main Street. Together we
assemble from our memories the town as it was twenty
or twenty-five years ago. We remember the little Model
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
Late at night in my old bed, I listen to the night
sounds of the house and fall asleep counting the
changes that have come to my little hometown: The
park is off limits after dark now, the football field is
fenced in, one-hour photo has come to town along with
a tanning salon and a pizza parlor. The dry goods store
is gone, the dairy, long gone. People lock their houses
now more than once a year when the carnival comes to
town. But all of these changes pale in comparison to
what has replaced the bait shop, the used car lot, and
Mr. Morton’s small farm, what has sprung up on Highway 59 at the edge of town: Las Vegas–style gambling.
***
But now I am awake, keeping my vigil over the
Midwest’s pastoral kingdom. Chicago, even Minneapolis seems a long way away. A few hours later, still in
the deep night hours, the train arrives at my stop,
Detroit Lakes, Minnesota, the closest I can get to my
destination.
***
30
Meat Market and the old Pioneer office. We rebuild the
Landmark Hotel, take down the vinyl fronts from the
grocery store, change the light posts, the awnings, the
names of the current businesses. I put back the old
depot, you the corner funeral home. But soon we are
distracted and leave things half constructed when we
begin to add the people, what’s-his-name, the square
dance caller; Ed, the fire chief; and Lydia, the town’s
best gossip. On the walk back home, we have begun to
list very specific things, which is the closest we get to
the intangibles: the rental meat lockers, the four-digit
telephone numbers, the free ice cream during dairy
month.
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Taking the train back, I decide to put on pajamas
and crawl under the sheets, hoping to trick myself into
a good night’s sleep. It seems to work. I have slept
soundly for several hours, but then the dreams start. I
fall in and out of them. But they are not the usual nightmares. I am in a place where folks know you ten, fifteen, twenty years after you’ve left and still see in your
face that of your grandfather or aunt or cousin. I know I
am home and I feel safe.
I have an early breakfast with a would-be journalist and some ski vacationers who want to talk about
election prospects. I merely feign attention. I nod or
laugh on cue, while I try to read upside-down a story in
the would-be journalist’s newspaper that has caught my
eye. It is about the Russian space station and the cosmonaut who had been up in orbit during the takeover
attempt and ultimate dissolution of the Soviet Union.
After sixteen long months, they are bringing the capsule back. While the train carries me back to my current
home and away from my former, I keep thinking about
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5. Based on the narrator’s account, all of the following
were part of the past, rather than the present, in her
hometown EXCEPT:
A. four-digit phone numbers.
B. the fenced-in football field.
C. free ice cream during dairy month.
D. the depot.
that poor cosmonaut coming back to find his whole
world changed, to find himself a man without a
country—at least without the country he left behind.
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I watch the ten o’clock national news broadcast. I
see him emerge from the capsule. I see him try to stand
and have his knees buckle. I know they said it was
because he hadn’t been able to exercise for such a long
time, but I wonder if his weak-kneed feeling might not
have more to do with what he saw out the window of
the space station and with how the world was happening around without him.
6. According to the narrator, which of the following businesses is relatively new to her hometown?
F. The tanning salon
G. The bait shop
H. The dry goods store
J. The used-car lot
7. When the narrator refers to the cosmonaut as “a man
without a country” (lines 83–84), she is most likely
directly referring to the:
A. cosmonaut’s feeling that he is now a citizen of
space, not the former Soviet Union.
B. cosmonaut’s unrealized expectation that he will be
treated like a hero.
C. political transformation that occurred while the
cosmonaut was in space.
D. sixteen months that the cosmonaut spent in orbit
around Earth.
1. The point of view from which the passage is told is
best described as that of:
A. a young adult riding a train through the small
towns of the Upper Midwest.
B. a young adult preparing to move away from her
hometown.
C. an adult missing the new home she has established.
D. an adult reflecting on the past and pondering the
present.
8. Details in the passage most strongly suggest that the
people meeting the narrator at the train station include:
F. her father.
G. her sister.
H. a neighbor.
J. a journalist.
2. The passage contains recurring references to all of the
following EXCEPT:
F. dreams.
G. reunion scenes.
H. photographs.
J. train trips.
9. The narrator indicates that the most significant change
to her hometown has been the addition of:
A. square dancing.
B. vinyl storefronts.
C. benches on Main Street.
D. Las Vegas–style gambling.
3. The first three paragraphs (lines 1–21) establish all of
the following about the narrator EXCEPT that she is:
A. passing through a number of towns.
B. originally from Chicago.
C. traveling by train.
D. observant of the landscape.
10. According to the passage, news reports attributed the
cosmonaut’s knees buckling to:
F. his gratitude at being back on Earth.
G. political changes in the world.
H. a lack of exercise.
J. his dismay at what he had seen from the space
station.
4. It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that the
narrator thinks her hometown has:
F. improved significantly over the years.
G. made little genuine progress.
H. remained about the same as it was years ago.
J. a chance of being rebuilt as it used to be.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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Passage II
some 25 other undervalued tropical hardwoods have
found their way into the luthiers’ workshop, taking the
pressure off the better-known woods.
SOCIAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from the article
“Green Music in the Rain Forest” by Suzanne Charlé, which
appeared in the Fall 2002 Ford Foundation Report.
55
OELA is an acronym based on Portuguese words rather than
the English words used in this article. A luthier is a maker of
stringed musical instruments.
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20
25
30
35
40
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The Amazonian Workshop School for Fabrication
of Stringed Instruments (OELA) is a small part of a
larger effort to create a sustainable harvest of the great
Amazon forest and to give employment to the region’s
burgeoning population.
60
“Few people know that the Amazon is one of the
most rapidly urbanizing regions of the world,” observes
José Gabriel López, a Ford Foundation program officer
in Brazil. The city of Manaus, for example, has grown
in the past decade from 850,000 to 1.5 million. “This
rural-urban migration and the resultant urban shantytowns stand as living symbols of failed or nonexistent
rural development policies,” López says. “In many
places, small-scale rural producers have been abandoned—devoid of health and education services, credit,
technical assistance and opportunity. What Rubens
Gomes, founder of the workshop school, and his colleagues have created in Manaus is hope.”
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Gomes knows how to build hope. The school, he
notes proudly, is the first to make stringed instruments
in the Amazon. And it is the first in all of the Americas
to construct instruments exclusively of lumber harvested in an environmentally and socially sustainable
manner certified by the Forest Stewardship Council.
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“Officially, there are 30 million cubic meters of
wood cut in the Amazon annually,” Gomes says.
“Twenty million of this is wasted—sawdust, scraps,
unwanted wood left to rot. And those are the official
numbers. The motive of this school is to transform what
is lost into things of value. Many people could do
this—but there are no schools teaching carpentry in the
Amazon.”
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OELA is meant to help fill the void. To graduate,
each student must make a stringed instrument. All the
guitars are made from certified wood. Gomes explains
that traditionally, Brazilian rosewood and ebony were
used in the construction of guitars. But because of
intense harvesting, these trees are close to extinction.
“I’ve been working for years, trying to find Amazon
woods that are unknown on the market, that are in plentiful supply and that can be used in instrument
making,” Gomes says. He experimented with dozens
before he found types that have the right strength and
sound. (Like other master luthiers, he can tell by touching the wood whether it will reverberate well.) Once he
identified the woods as possible substitutes, he sent
them to a laboratory to be tested for the right grain and
density. Today, Brosimum rubescens is substituted for
rosewood, Aniba canellila for ebony, and Protium
species for Brazilian mahogany and cedar. These and
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
For the past year, master luthier Raúl Lage from
the Fernando Ortiz Instrument-Making School of the
Cuban Music Institute has been working with the students. There are hurdles, he cautions, a number of them
technical. The high humidity in Manaus means that the
wood will crack in drier climates unless properly
treated. Glue frequently doesn’t hold. These problems
are slowly being resolved.
There is also a major obstacle outside the workshop: The resistance of buyers to new woods. Thus far,
most of the instruments have been sold to environmentalists, some of whom “adopt” a student by paying his
or her tuition; the student’s “project guitar” is then
given to the donor as a gift.
There is also the possibility of contract work from
outside the Amazon. Gomes’s hopes were raised
recently when the president of a well-known guitar
company based in Nashville, Tennessee, ordered
15 guitars to be auctioned off for the Rainforest
Alliance.
Lage cautions that it will be a long time before any
of the students can command a master luthier’s fee.
“There is a saying,” Lage says. “Anyone can make one
good guitar; it takes a master to make one every time.”
José Lucio do Nascimento Rabelo, director of the
technical school, says, “By learning this skill, students
come to look at the forest in a new way; there are ways
other than logging for plywood and firewood to earn a
living, to better the life of the people.” One of the
woods being used as a replacement for the precious
rosewood, he notes, is typically used to make charcoal.
Such an appreciation for the forest, says Rabelo,
could have a huge effect on the survival of the rain
forest; some 80 percent of the students come from other
parts of the state of Amazonas, and virtually all of them
return to their home towns. “Some,” he adds, “go on to
become politicians who will have a direct influence on
the future of the forest.”
11. Which of the following assumptions would be most
critical for a reader to accept in order to agree fully
with the author’s claims in the passage?
A. Shantytowns in the Amazon need to be relocated if
the forest is to be saved.
B. Learning to make consistently good guitars
requires access to the best materials available.
C. Small-scale rural producers in the Amazon can
help preserve the forest by being innovative.
D. Consumers outside of the Amazon can do little to
help prevent deforestation.
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12. In the context of the passage, the statement “All the
guitars are made from certified wood” (lines 34–35)
most nearly suggests that Gomes’s workshop:
F. uses environmentally sustainable woods in its
guitars.
G. isn’t doing enough to stop unnecessary deforestation in the Amazon.
H. has little chance of pleasing both musicians and
environmentalists.
J. uses only traditional woods in making its guitars.
16. The passage notes all of the following as problems that
the fledgling Amazon guitar industry has experienced
EXCEPT that:
F. glue on the guitars sometimes doesn’t hold.
G. the wood used may crack in drier climates.
H. woods usable for guitars have become extinct.
J. buyers resist guitars made with nontraditional
woods.
17. The passage indicates that, as a group, the OELA students may impact the survival of the rain forests
because most of them:
A. care deeply enough about music to spend their
lives making musical instruments.
B. will return to their homes and spread their environmental knowledge.
C. are willing to endure personal hardships in order
to use their new skills.
D. will have political careers after they return home.
13. It can most reasonably be inferred from the passage
that regarding OELA, the author feels:
A. skeptical of the workshop’s aims.
B. dismayed by the workshop’s low productivity.
C. supportive of the workshop’s goals.
D. confident that the workshop could be duplicated in
other places.
18. In the passage, Gomes indicates that of the wood cut in
the Amazon rain forest each year, approximately how
much wood is wasted?
F. One-fourth
G. One-third
H. One-half
J. Two-thirds
14. The main purpose of the second paragraph (lines 6–18)
is to:
F. draw attention to the Amazon’s tremendous population growth.
G. explain the necessity for ventures such as
Gomes’s.
H. explain the presence of the Ford Foundation in the
Amazon.
J. justify raising taxes to increase social services in
the Amazon.
19. The passage states that all of the following are woods
traditionally used for making stringed instruments
EXCEPT:
A. Aniba canellila.
B. rosewood.
C. Brazilian mahogany.
D. ebony.
15. The main function of the fifth paragraph (lines 33–53)
is to:
A. demonstrate the woodworking skills required to be
a master luthier.
B. explore the limitations of science as compared to
intuition.
C. outline the scientific reasons why one type of
wood cannot be replaced by another.
D. show that experiments led to the discovery of good
substitutes for rare woods.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
20. According to the passage, when an OELA student is
“adopted,” he or she receives:
F. tuition.
G. room and board.
H. food and clothing.
J. a musical instrument.
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Passage III
55
HUMANITIES: This passage is adapted from the article “Finding Philosophy” by Colin McGinn (©2003 by Prospect).
Descartes (line 63) refers to René Descartes (1596–1650), a
French mathematician, philosopher, and scientist.
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10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
50
60
I have been an academic philosopher for the past
30 years. I came from an academically disinclined
background in the northeast of England, my relatives
being mainly coalminers and other manual workers. I
was the first in my family to attend university, and
indeed had no thought of it until age 17, when a teacher
mentioned it at school. My father had become a successful builder, so we were not materially deprived, and
it was expected that I would become some sort of technical worker. The idea that I might one day become a
professional philosopher was inconceivable in those
days, to me and everyone else. I was simply not living
in a place where that kind of thing ever happened; it
was far likelier—though still not at all likely—that I
would become a pop star (I played drums in a rock
band).
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The paperback British edition of my memoir The
Making of a Philosopher has a photograph on the cover
of a man sitting on a bench, placed in a grey and listless
landscape. He is overlooking the sea on a misty grim
day, and the atmosphere is bleak and melancholy. The
man, hunched up, immobile, coiled almost, has a pensive posture, as if frozen in thought. This picture is
based on a story I tell in the book about sitting on a
bench in Blackpool, aged 18, pondering the metaphysical question of how objects relate to their properties. Is
an object just the sum total of its properties, a mere
coalescence of general features, or does it somehow lie
behind its properties, supporting them, a solid peg on
which they happen to hang? When I look at an object
do I really see the object itself, or just the appearance
its properties offer to me? I remember the feeling of
fixation that came over me when I thought about these
questions—a kind of floating fascination, a still
perplexity.
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It was—of course—a teacher who tapped into my
formless and fizzing mental energy. Mr Marsh, teacher
of divinity, brimmingly Christian, a man with very
active eyebrows and sharp enunciation, in love with
scholarship (oh, how he relished that word)—it was he
who first brought out my inner philosopher. From him I
heard of Descartes, locked up in his room, wondering
whether anything could really be known beyond his
own existence. But what I mainly got from the enthusiastic Mr Marsh was the desire to study. His own passion for study shone through, and he managed to make
it seem, if not glamorous, then at least exhilarating—
when done the right way and in the right spirit. Pencils
and stationery were made to seem like shiny tools, and
the pleasure of making one’s mark on a blank sheet of
paper hymned. Choosing a good spot to study was
emphasised. Above all, I learned a very valuable
lesson, one that had hitherto escaped me: make notes.
Thinking and writing should be indissoluble activities,
the hand ministering to the thought, the thought shaped
by the hand. Today, if I find myself without pen and
paper and thoughts start to arrive, my fingers begin to
twitch and I long for those implements of cogitation.
With such rudimentary tools you can perform the
miracle of turning an invisible thought into a concrete
mark, bringing the ethereal interior into the public
external world, refining it into something precious and
permanent. The physical pleasure of writing, which I
find survives in the use of a computer, is something
worth dwelling on in matters of education.
21. The passage is best described as being told from the
point of view of a philosopher who is:
A. discussing metaphysical questions that have troubled philosophers since the time of Descartes.
B. presenting in chronological order the key events in
his thirty-year professional career.
C. reflecting on his own early, developing interest in
philosophy and in scholarship generally.
D. advising professional educators on how to get
more students to study philosophy.
When I look back on this period in my late teens, I
recall the harnessing of undirected mental energy by
intellectual pursuits. Up until then, my mental energy
had gone into things like reading Melody Maker, which
contained fairly serious articles about pop musicians; I
always knew the top 20 off by heart, and studied the
articles about drummers intensely, hoping to improve
my own technique. I suspect that this kind of swashing
mental energy is fairly typical of boys that age. School
doesn’t seem to connect with it, and it goes off in
search of some object of interest, often trivial, sometimes destructive. In my case, it was philosophy that
seized that energy and converted it into a passion—
though one that took several years to form fully. It is a
delicate and fastidious energy that I am speaking of,
despite its power, and it will only be satisfied by certain
employments, which of course vary from person to
person. I had had a similar passion for chemistry when
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
I was ten, and for butterflies and lizards before that.
How to harness such passions to formal education
remains a great and unresolved problem.
22. Based on the passage, which of the following was most
likely the first to engage the author’s passionate
interest?
F. Drumming
G. Philosophy
H. Chemistry
J. Butterflies
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27. Viewed in the context of the passage, the statement in
lines 55–56 is most likely intended to suggest that:
A. schools should require students to take philosophy
courses.
B. students can become passionate when learning
about science in school.
C. schools need to keep searching for ways to tap into
students’ deeply held interests.
D. students should resolve to take school courses that
interest them.
23. The main purpose of the last paragraph is to:
A. reveal the enduring impact of Mr. Marsh’s lessons
on the author.
B. acknowledge that the author came to doubt some
of Mr. Marsh’s teachings.
C. describe a typical class as taught by Mr. Marsh.
D. present a biographical sketch of Mr. Marsh.
24. The passage indicates that the man in the book-cover
photograph represents:
F. Descartes, wondering what could be known.
G. Mr. Marsh, deep in scholarly thought.
H. the author at age seventeen, thinking about
enrolling in college.
J. the author at age eighteen, contemplating a philosophical issue.
28. The author calls pen and paper “rudimentary tools”
(line 80) as part of his argument that:
F. the use of computers has made the use of pen and
paper obsolete.
G. students should become skilled with pen and paper
before moving on to better tools.
H. while writing with pen and paper can be pleasant,
it can also be physically painful.
J. although seemingly simple, pen and paper allow
people to perform great feats.
25. The author mentions Melody Maker, the top 20, and
articles about musicians primarily to suggest that his:
A. early interest in music has remained with him to
the present.
B. time spent playing music should instead have been
spent reading.
C. fascination with pop music and musicians gave
focus to his life for a time.
D. commitment to study enabled him to perfect his
drumming technique.
29. In the context of the passage, lines 17–23 are best
described as presenting images of:
A. gloom, tension, and fascination.
B. anger, bitterness, and betrayal.
C. stillness, peacefulness, and relaxation.
D. frustration, surprise, and satisfaction.
26. In the third paragraph (lines 36–56), the author most
nearly characterizes the energy he refers to as:
F. potent yet difficult to channel in a constructive
way.
G. powerful and typically leading to destructive
results.
H. delicate and inevitably wasted in trivial
undertakings.
J. gentle yet capable of uniting people who have different interests.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
30. Which of the following does NOT reasonably describe
the transition the author presents in lines 80–84?
F. Precious to commonplace
G. Fleeting to permanent
H. Invisible to visible
J. Private to public
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Passage IV
55
NATURAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from Consider
the Eel by Richard Schweid (©2002 by Richard Schweid).
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15
20
25
The known facts, as they are pretty much universally accepted among biologists and naturalists today,
are that all the eels in all the rivers of eastern North
America and the Caribbean countries, and all the eels in
all the rivers of eastern and western Europe, are born in
the same area of the Sargasso Sea, a huge area within
the Atlantic Ocean, between Bermuda and the Azores,
the surface of which is frequently covered with sargassum seaweed. In fact, the word “Sargasso” comes from
the Portuguese sargaço, meaning seaweed. The sea is
about 2,000 miles long and 1,000 miles wide, set off
from the surrounding waters of the Atlantic by strong
currents. It includes the area known in popular legend
as the Bermuda Triangle.
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Eels hatch in the Sargasso as larvae and are carried
by the ocean currents to either Europe or the United
States, a journey that can cover thousands of miles and
take years. Where they end up depends on which of two
similar species they belong to. Those that are Anguilla
anguilla invariably wind up in European rivers, and
those that enter North American rivers always belong to
the species Anguilla rostrata. The first person to find
eel larvae in the Sargasso Sea was Danish researcher
Johannes Schmidt, who published his findings in 1924,
after spending 18 years hauling nets in search of eels.
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The larvae of both species are shaped like small
oval leaves and are called leptocephali. Each leptocephalus begins to assume the form of a tiny eel, called
an elver or glass eel, when it gets close to the coasts of
either Europe or the Americas. By the time it reaches
brackish water, where fresh and salt water mix, it is thin
and transparent, hardly bigger than a hair, with a pair of
eyes like black dots at one end.
At least that is what today’s marine biologists and
naturalists tell us, although adult eels have never been
seen swimming, reproducing, or dying in the Sargasso.
In fact, live adult eels have never been seen there at all.
The only two adult eels ever reported in the Sargasso
Sea were dead, found in the stomachs of other fish. The
eel’s migration back to its birthplace and what it actually does when it gets there are assumed to take place
far below the water’s surface and, as of the year 2001,
were still completely unobserved. However, the eel
larvae—the leptocephali that Schmidt found in the Sargasso—were so small that it was certain they had been
born recently, and nearby. Such small larvae have never
been seen elsewhere, and while eels have never been
observed reproducing in the Sargasso, they have never
been seen doing so anyplace else either. Scientists
believe the larvae hatch out of eggs at a depth of
100–300 yards and rise slowly toward the light at the
sea’s surface.
31. One of the main ideas established by the passage is
that:
A. researchers have nearly exhausted their resources
after spending decades investigating the Sargasso
Sea.
B. significant gaps still remain in researchers’ understanding of the life cycle of eels.
C. eels live their entire lives in the Sargasso Sea, but
no one has ever seen them there.
D. female eels turn into silver eels toward the end of
their lives.
From the estuaries and mouths of rivers, the tiny
eels frequently continue upstream, particularly the
females, who sometimes go great distances inland.
American eels have been found as far up the Mississippi River system as the rivers of Iowa. They keep
going upriver until something tells them they’ve
reached home, and then they stop. Whatever it is that
signals to eels that they are home is definitive—they
settle in and live there for as long as 20 years, growing
up to a yard long before beginning their journey back to
the Sargasso Sea. Scientists determine an eel’s age
using a microscope to read the growth rings of its
otolith—a small, hard calcium deposit at the base of its
skull.
32. Learning about which of the following had the largest
impact on scientists’ current understanding of where
eels breed?
F. The direction in which ocean currents carry eel
larvae
G. The relationship of the yellow eel stage to the
silver eel stage
H. Schmidt’s discovery of eel larvae in the Sargasso
Sea
J. The adult eels found in the stomachs of other fish
In preparation for the return journey to the Sargasso, sexually mature female eels feed voraciously and
change color from the muddy-yellow/green of adult
eels, often called yellow eels, to a darker green on top
and snow-white on their bellies. At this stage, they are
called silver eels. They swim downriver in the fall, on
the first leg of their journey to the Sargasso, and when
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
they reach estuarine waters, they rest, completing their
final transformation as silver eels. They will have eaten
heavily and will be about 28 percent body fat. They
will never eat again, and their digestive systems will
atrophy. Their pupils will expand and turn blue. They
will need a new kind of sight adapted to the depths of
the sea, where there is little light. They will also have
to go through a drastic adjustment, via osmosis, in their
blood chemistry, to prepare for the tremendous change
in water pressure, going from some 14 pounds of freshwater pressure per inch of their bodies to over a ton of
ocean pressure per inch. Once they are back in the Sargasso Sea, the females produce eggs for the males to
fertilize, and then the adults die.
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33. The main purpose of the fourth paragraph (lines
34–47) is to describe the:
A. eels’ transition from freshwater to the ocean.
B. method of determining the age of eels.
C. complexity of the Mississippi River system.
D. river stage of the eel life cycle.
38. The passage indicates that female eels’ pupils expand
and turn blue because the eels:
F. must adapt to see in an environment with much
less light than they are used to.
G. are about to undergo a change in their blood
chemistry.
H. no longer need to be able to recognize food
sources since they have stopped eating.
J. need to be able to recognize the male eels that will
fertilize their eggs.
34. The passage states that the Sargasso Sea is set off from
the rest of the Atlantic Ocean by:
F. the Azores.
G. several Caribbean countries.
H. powerful winds.
J. strong currents.
35. The passage notes that the Sargasso Sea includes:
A. the eastern North American shore.
B. the Bermuda Triangle.
C. certain coastal estuaries.
D. the mouth of the Mississippi River.
39. The passage most strongly emphasizes that the process
of osmosis is necessary for the eels’ transition from:
A. shallower to deeper water.
B. feeding to nonfeeding.
C. immature to mature form.
D. elver to yellow eel.
36. As it is used in line 13, the word popular most nearly
means:
F. well liked.
G. commonly known.
H. scientifically accepted.
J. most admired.
40. According to the passage, which of the following characteristics of the eel larvae found by Schmidt provided
the best evidence that the larvae were hatched in the
Sargasso Sea?
F. Size
G. Shape
H. Color
J. Species
37. As it is used in line 45, the word read most nearly
means to:
A. learn from print.
B. observe.
C. think about.
D. predict.
END OF TEST 3
STOP! DO NOT TURN THE PAGE UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
DO NOT RETURN TO A PREVIOUS TEST.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
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SCIENCE TEST
35 Minutes—40 Questions
DIRECTIONS: There are several passages in this test.
Each passage is followed by several questions. After
reading a passage, choose the best answer to each
question and fill in the corresponding oval on your
answer document. You may refer to the passages as
often as necessary.
You are NOT permitted to use a calculator on this test.
50
percent of captured
finches from Island A
Passage I
Finch beak depth (see Figure 1) is an inheritable trait
(it can be passed from parents to offspring).
beak depth
40
G. fuliginosa
30
20
G. fortis
10
0
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
percent of captured
finches from Island B
50
Figure 1
Researchers studied the beak depth of 2 species of
finches, Geospiza fortis and Geospiza fuliginosa. Both
species live on Island A. G. fortis alone lives on Island B,
and G. fuliginosa alone lives on Island C. For both species,
the primary food is seeds. Birds with shallower beaks can
efficiently crush and eat only small seeds. Birds with
deeper beaks can crush and eat both large and small seeds,
but they prefer small seeds.
40
30
G. fortis
20
10
0
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
percent of captured
finches from Island C
50
40
30
G. fuliginosa
20
10
0
7
Study 1
Researchers captured 100 G. fortis finches and
100 G. fuliginosa finches on Island A. They tagged each
bird, measured its beak depth, and released it. Then they
calculated the percent of birds having each of the beak
depths that had been measured. The researchers followed
the same procedures with 100 G. fortis finches from
Island B and 100 G. fuliginosa finches from Island C. The
results of this study are shown in Figure 2.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
beak depth (mm)
Figure 2
Study 2
After completing Study 1, the researchers returned to
Island B each of the next 10 years, from 1976 to 1985.
During each visit, the researchers captured at least
50 G. fortis finches and measured their beak depths. Then
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4
4
9.9
9.8
9.7
9.6
9.5
9.4
9.3
9.2
dry
dry
3. Study 1 differed from Study 2 in which of the following ways?
A. G. fortis finches were captured during Study 1 but
not during Study 2.
B. G. fuliginosa finches were captured during Study 1
but not during Study 2.
C. The beak depth of captured birds was measured
during Study 1 but not during Study 2.
D. The beak depth of captured birds was measured
during Study 2 but not during Study 1.
dry
4. It is most likely that the researchers tagged the birds
that they captured during Study 1 to:
F. determine how beak depth was affected by rainfall
on Island A.
G. determine the average age of each finch population.
H. ensure that the beak depth of each finch was measured multiple times during Study 1.
J. ensure that the beak depth of each finch was measured only once during Study 1.
wet
19
76
19
77
19
78
19
79
19
80
19
81
19
82
19
83
19
84
19
85
average beak depth (mm)
they calculated the average G. fortis beak depth for each of
the 10 years. The researchers noted that, during the 10-year
period, 3 years were exceptionally dry, and 1 year was very
wet (see Figure 3). Small seeds are abundant during wet
years. During dry years, all seeds are less abundant, and
the average size of the available seeds is larger.
year
5. Based on the results of Study 2, would a finch with a
beak depth of 9.4 mm or a finch with a beak depth of
9.9 mm more likely have had a greater chance of survival during 1977 ?
A. A finch with a beak depth of 9.4 mm, because, on
average, the size of available seeds is larger during
dry years.
B. A finch with a beak depth of 9.4 mm, because, on
average, the size of available seeds is smaller
during dry years.
C. A finch with a beak depth of 9.9 mm, because, on
average, the size of available seeds is larger during
dry years.
D. A finch with a beak depth of 9.9 mm, because, on
average, the size of available seeds is smaller
during dry years.
Figure 3
Figures adapted from Neil A. Campbell, Jane B. Reece, and
Lawrence G. Mitchell, Biology , 5th ed. ©1999 by Benjamin/
Cummings.
6. A researcher hypothesized that there would be more
variation in the beak depths measured for the G. fortis
finches when they were forced to compete with
another finch species for seeds. Do the results of
Study 1 support this hypothesis?
F. Yes; the range of beak depths measured for
G. fortis finches was greater on Island A than on
Island B.
G. Yes; the range of beak depths measured for
G. fortis finches was greater on Island B than on
Island A.
H. No; the range of beak depths measured for
G. fortis finches was greater on Island A than on
Island B.
J. No; the range of beak depths measured for
G. fortis finches was greater on Island B than on
Island A.
1. Based on the results of Study 1, the highest percent of
finches on Island B and Island C had a beak depth of:
Island B
Island C
A.
8 mm
8 mm
B.
9 mm
12 mm
C. 10 mm
8 mm
D. 10 mm
10 mm
2. During which of the following years were small seeds
likely most abundant on Island B ?
F. 1977
G. 1980
H. 1982
J. 1984
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Passage II
Study 2
Another portion of the combined sample for each
month was analyzed for the concentrations of Cl − and
SO42− ions. Using these data, the monthly wet deposition
of each substance, in milliequivalents (meq) per m 2, was
calculated (see Figure 3).
monthly wet
monthly wet
deposition (meq/m2 ) deposition (meq/m2 )
Substances in the atmosphere, such as Cu 2+, Zn2+, Cl−,
and SO 4 2− ions, are carried down to Earth’s surface by
precipitation. This process is known as wet deposition.
Cu 2+ and Zn 2+ ions are put into the atmosphere by hightemperature combustion processes. The presence of Cl −
and SO42− ions in the atmosphere can be attributed to roadsalt dust and electrical power generation, respectively.
monthly
precipitation (cm)
Study 1
A rain gauge, placed on the roof of a 1-story building,
at a specific urban site was used to collect precipitation
over a 12-month period. At the same time each evening,
the amount of precipitation in the rain gauge was recorded,
after which the collected precipitation was emptied from
the gauge and stored. (Assume no measurable evaporation
occurred during any day.) Figure 1 shows the measured
monthly precipitation in centimeters.
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
5
0
0
150
100
100
50
50
0
0
Zn2+
600
800
600
400
400
200
200
0
J F M AM J J A S O N D
month
1.0
0.5
0.5
0
0
10
8
6
4
2
0
SO42−
10
8
6
4
2
0
Key
urban site
Rural Site 1
Rural Site 2
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
800
600
400
200
0
Cu2+
Zn2+
ion
Figure 4
0
Figures adapted from Kathryn Conko et al., “Atmospheric Wet
Deposition of Trace Elements to a Suburban Environment, Reston,
Virginia, USA.” ©2004 by Elsevier, Ltd.
Figure 2
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
1.0
The annual wet deposition of Cu 2+ and of Zn2+ for the
12-month period, in μg/m 2, was calculated for the urban
site (the source of the Cu 2+ and Zn 2+ ) and also for Rural
Sites 1 and 2, located 50 km and 100 km east, respectively,
of the urban site (see Figure 4).
annual wet deposition (μg/m2 )
monthly wet
deposition (μg/m2 )
monthly wet
deposition (μg/m2 )
800
1.5
Study 3
At the end of each month, all the samples collected
during that month were mixed, and some of this combined
sample was analyzed for the concentrations of Cu 2+ and
Zn2+ ions. Using these data, the monthly wet deposition of
each substance, in micrograms (μg) per meter2, was calculated (see Figure 2).
Cu
1.5
2.0
Figure 3
Figure 1
2+
Cl−
J F MA M J J A S O N D
month
J F M AM J J A S O N D
month
150
2.0
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7. According to Figure 1, over the 12-month period, the
monthly precipitation at the urban site was maximum
in February and minimum in July. According to
Figures 2 and 3, the wet deposition of which ion was
also maximum in February and minimum in July?
A. Cu2+
B. Zn2+
C. Cl−
D. SO42−
10. Suppose there had been no precipitation during
1 entire month of the 12-month period. Based on the
information provided, during that month there would
have been:
F. significant wet deposition of all 4 substances.
G. significant wet deposition of Cu 2+ and Zn2+, but no
wet deposition of Cl− and SO42−.
H. no wet deposition of any of the 4 substances.
J. no wet deposition of Cu 2+ and Zn2+, but significant
wet deposition of Cl− and SO42−.
8. Based on the results of Study 1, the average monthly
wet deposition for Cu2+ over the 12-month period was:
F.
G.
H.
J.
less than 50 μg/m2.
between 50 μg/m2 and 75 μg/m2.
between 75 μg/m2 and 100 μg/m2.
greater than 100 μg/m2.
11. According to Study 3, as distance from the urban site
increased, the annual wet deposition:
9. Is the statement “The values for Cl − wet deposition
were greater during the winter and early spring when
road salt is typically applied” supported by the results
of Study 2 ?
A. Yes, because Cl − wet deposition values were, on
average, greater from November to April than they
were from May to October.
B. Yes, because Cl − wet deposition values were, on
average, less from November to April than they
were from May to October.
C. No, because Cl − wet deposition values were, on
average, greater from November to April than they
were from May to October.
D. No, because Cl − wet deposition values were, on
average, less from November to April than they
were from May to October.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
A.
B.
C.
D.
increased for both Cu2+ and Zn2+.
increased for Cu2+ but decreased for Zn2+.
decreased for both Cu2+ and Zn2+.
remained the same for both Cu2+ and Zn2+.
12. Which of the following variables was kept constant in
Study 2 ?
F. Site
G. Monthly rainfall
H. Wet deposition of Zn 2+
J. Wet deposition of Cl−
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Passage III
21.0
20.5
20.0
19.5
19.0
Jan.
1980
Table 1
27.8
28.1
28.4
28.7
29.0
Table 1 adapted from E. Palle Bagó and C. J. Butler, “The Influence
of Cosmic Rays on Terrestrial Clouds and Global Warming.” ©2000
by Institute of Physics Publications, Ltd.
Key
monthly average cover of clouds
RCRF
14.5
0
2
4
6
14.0
13.5
13.0
RCRF (%)
monthly average
cover of high clouds (%)
year
Jan.
1990
Key
monthly average cover of clouds
RCRF
29.5
0
2
4
6
29.0
28.5
28.0
27.5
Jan.
1980
RCRF (%)
340,000
360,000
380,000
400,000
420,000
monthly average
cover of low clouds (%)
Cover of low clouds
(%)
8
Jan.
1985
year
Jan.
1990
Jan.
1995
Figure 3
8
Jan.
1985
year
Jan.
1990
Jan.
1995
Figures adapted from Nigel Marsh and Henrik Svensmark, “Low
Cloud Properties Influenced by Cosmic Rays.” ©2000 by The
American Physical Society.
Figure 1
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
Jan.
1985
8
Jan.
1995
Figure 2
Cosmic ray flux
(particles/m2/hr)
12.5
Jan.
1980
0
2
4
6
RCRF (%)
monthly average
cover of middle clouds (%)
Cloud cover is the percent of Earth’s surface covered
by clouds. Cloud cover may increase because of an
increase in the cosmic ray flux (number of high-energy particles from space reaching Earth per m 2 per hour). Table 1
shows how Earth’s cover of low clouds (0 km to 3.2 km
altitude) varies with the cosmic ray flux. Figures 1−3 show
the relative cosmic ray flux, RCRF (the percent below the
flux measured on October 1, 1965), and the monthly average cover of high clouds (6.0 km to 16.0 km altitude),
middle clouds (3.2 km to 6.0 km altitude), and low clouds,
respectively, from January 1980 to January 1995.
Key
monthly average cover of clouds
RCRF
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16. Which of the following figures best represents the
monthly average cover of high, middle, and low clouds
in January 1992 ?
G.
J.
15. Is the statement “The monthly average cover of low
clouds is more directly correlated with cosmic ray flux
than is the monthly average cover of high clouds” consistent with Figures 1 and 3 ?
A. Yes, because the plot for the monthly average
cover of low clouds more closely parallels the plot
for RCRF.
B. Yes, because the plot for the monthly average
cover of high clouds more closely parallels the
plot for RCRF.
C. No, because the plot for the monthly average cover
of low clouds more closely parallels the plot for
RCRF.
D. No, because the plot for the monthly average cover
of high clouds more closely parallels the plot for
RCRF.
hi
gh
cloud cover
c
m
id loud
dl
ec s
lo
u
lo
w ds
cl
ou
ds
hi
gh
cloud cover
c
m
id loud
dl
ec s
lo
u
lo
w ds
cl
ou
ds
H.
hi
gh
cloud cover
c
m
id loud
dl
ec s
lo
u
lo
w ds
cl
ou
ds
14. Based on Table 1, a cosmic ray flux of 440,000 particles/m2/hr would correspond to a cover of low clouds
that is closest to which of the following?
F. 28.7%
G. 29.0%
H. 29.3%
J. 29.6%
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
F.
hi
gh
cloud cover
c
m
id loud
dl
ec s
lo
u
lo
w ds
cl
ou
ds
13. The percent of Earth’s surface covered by high clouds
in January 1987 was closest to which of the following?
A. 13.0%
B. 13.5%
C. 14.0%
D. 14.5%
17. High clouds are composed primarily of ice crystals,
whereas low clouds are composed primarily of water
droplets. This difference is most likely because the
average air temperature at altitudes from:
A. 0 km to 3.2 km is at or below 0°C, whereas the
average air temperature at altitudes from 3.2 km to
6.0 km is above 0°C.
B. 0 km to 3.2 km is at or below 0°C, whereas the
average air temperature at altitudes from 6.0 km to
16.0 km is above 0°C.
C. 0 km to 3.2 km is above 0°C, whereas the average
air temperature at altitudes from 3.2 km to 6.0 km
is at or below 0°C.
D. 0 km to 3.2 km is above 0°C, whereas the average
air temperature at altitudes from 6.0 km to 16.0 km
is at or below 0°C.
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Passage IV
Experiment 2
Experiment 1 was repeated, except that the acetic acid
solution was used instead of the HCl solution (see Figure 2).
Acid-base titration is a technique in which precise
volumes of a titrant (an acid or base solution) are added
incrementally to a known volume of a sample solution (a
base or acid solution, respectively). This process can be
monitored by adding an acid-base indicator (a substance
that changes color over a certain pH range) to the sample
solution or by measuring the sample solution’s conductivity. Conductivity (measured in kilosiemens per centimeter,
kS/cm) is a measure of a substance’s ability to conduct
electricity.
conductivity (kS/cm)
Key
yellow
green
blue
Two titration experiments were done at 25°C using a
0.10 M sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution and either a
0.0010 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) solution or a 0.0010 M
acetic acid solution (where M is moles of acid or base per
liter of solution). All solutions were aqueous. An acid-base
indicator solution of nitrazine yellow was also used.
Nitrazine yellow is yellow if the pH is less than 6.0 or blue
if the pH is greater than 7.0.
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
0.00
color was green as
the volume of titrant
added increased from
0.95 mL to 1.00 mL
0.50
1.00
1.50
volume of titrant added (mL)
2.00
Figure 2
Figures adapted from J. West Loveland, “Conductance and Oscillometry,” in Gary D. Christian and James E. O’Reilly, eds., Instrumental Analysis, 2nd ed. ©1986 by Allyn and Bacon, Inc.
Experiment 1
A drop of nitrazine yellow solution was added to a
flask containing 100.0 mL of the HCl solution. A probe
that measures conductivity was placed in the solution. The
NaOH solution was slowly added to the HCl solution in
small increments. After each addition, the HCl solution
was stirred and then the solution’s color and conductivity
were recorded (see Figure 1).
conductivity (kS/cm)
Key
yellow
blue
4.5
4.0
3.5
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.00
0.50
1.00
1.50
volume of titrant added (mL)
18. In Experiment 1, the sample solution was yellow at
which of the following values for the volume of titrant
added?
F. 0.80 mL
G. 1.20 mL
H. 1.60 mL
J. 2.00 mL
19. In Experiment 2, the sample solution was neutral at
which of the following values for the volume of titrant
added?
A. 0.50 mL
B. 1.00 mL
C. 1.50 mL
D. 2.00 mL
2.00
Figure 1
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20. In Experiment 1, if 2.30 mL of titrant had been added
to the sample solution, the conductivity would most
likely have been:
F. less than 0.80 kS/cm.
G. between 0.80 kS/cm and 2.30 kS/cm.
H. between 2.30 kS/cm and 3.80 kS/cm.
J. greater than 3.80 kS/cm.
22. In Experiments 1 and 2, the probe that was placed in
the sample solution most likely did which of the
following?
F. Cooled the solution to its freezing point
G. Heated the solution to its boiling point
H. Detected the concentration of nitrazine yellow in
the solution
J. Passed an electrical current through a portion of
the solution
23. A chemist claimed that in Experiment 2, the pH of the
sample solution was greater at a value of 0.2 mL of
titrant added than at a value of 1.8 mL of titrant added.
Do the results of Experiment 2 support this claim?
A. No; at a value of 0.2 mL of titrant added, the
sample solution was yellow, and at a value of
1.8 mL of titrant added, the sample solution was
blue.
B. No; at a value of 0.2 mL of titrant added, the
sample solution was blue, and at a value of 1.8 mL
of titrant added, the sample solution was yellow.
C. Yes; at a value of 0.2 mL of titrant added, the
sample solution was yellow, and at a value of
1.8 mL of titrant added, the sample solution was
blue.
D. Yes; at a value of 0.2 mL of titrant added, the
sample solution was blue, and at a value of 1.8 mL
of titrant added, the sample solution was yellow.
21. In Experiment 2, which solution was the titrant and
which solution was the sample solution?
titrant
sample solution
A. acetic acid
NaOH
B. HCl
NaOH
C. NaOH
acetic acid
D. NaOH
HCl
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Passage V
24. Based on Student 2’s discussion, Algol B is part of the
present Algol system because of which of the following forces exerted on Algol B by the original Algol
system?
F. Electric force
G. Magnetic force
H. Gravitational force
J. Nuclear force
An astronomy class is given the following facts about
stellar evolution.
1. A star’s evolution can be divided into 3 stages: premain sequence (pre-MS), main sequence (MS), and
post-main sequence (post-MS).
2. Gravity causes part of a cloud of gas and dust to
collapse and heat up, creating a pre-MS star. The
star’s hot dust and gas emit its energy.
25. Based on Student 1’s discussion and Fact 4, while
matter flowed between Algol A and Algol B, Algol B
produced the majority of its energy by fusing:
A. hydrogen nuclei to make helium nuclei at its
center.
B. hydrogen nuclei to make helium nuclei in a shell
surrounding its center.
C. helium nuclei to make hydrogen nuclei at its
center.
D. helium nuclei to make hydrogen nuclei in a shell
surrounding its center.
3. A pre-MS star becomes an MS star when the star
produces the majority of its energy by fusing
hydrogen nuclei (protons) at its center to make
helium nuclei.
4. An MS star becomes a post-MS star when the star
expands in volume and produces the majority of its
energy by fusing hydrogen to make helium in a
shell surrounding its center.
5. The more massive a star, the more rapidly the star
passes through each of the 3 stages of its evolution.
26. Suppose that chemical composition is uniform among
stars formed from the same cloud of gas and dust, but
that chemical composition varies among stars formed
from different clouds of gas and dust. Student 2 would
most likely agree with which of the following statements comparing the chemical compositions of the
stars in the present-day Algol system at the time they
formed?
F. Algol A and Algol B had the most similar
compositions.
G. Algol A and Algol C had the most similar
compositions.
H. Algol B and Algol C had the most similar
compositions.
J. Algol A, Algol B, and Algol C had the same
composition.
Two students discuss the evolution of the Algol
system—Algol A, a 3.6-solar-mass MS star; Algol B, a
0.8-solar-mass post-MS star; and Algol C, a 1.7-solar-mass
MS star. (One solar mass = the Sun’s mass.) The 3 stars
orbit a mutual center of mass, with Algol A and Algol B
much closer to each other and to the center of mass than to
Algol C.
Student 1
The 3 stars of the Algol system formed at the same
time from the same cloud of gas and dust. Algol B, originally the most massive of the 3 stars, became a post-MS
star and expanded in volume while Algol A remained an
MS star. Because the matter in the outer parts of Algol B
was more strongly attracted to Algol A than to the matter
in the inner parts of Algol B, this matter flowed from
Algol B to Algol A, and, over time, Algol A became more
massive than Algol B.
27. If the mass of the Sun is 2.0
of Algol C ?
A. 1.6 × 1030 kg
B. 2.0 × 1030 kg
C. 3.4 × 1030 kg
D. 7.2 × 1030 kg
Student 2
Algol B was not part of the original Algol system
(Algol A and Algol C). Algol B and the original Algol
system formed in different clouds of gas and dust at different times and moved in 2 different but intersecting orbits
around the center of the galaxy. During a particular orbit,
Algol B encountered the original Algol system at the intersection of the 2 orbits and became part of the Algol system.
1030 kg, what is the mass
28. Which of the following statements best explains why
the reaction described in Fact 3 requires a high temperature and pressure?
F. All protons are positively charged, and like
charges attract each other.
G. All protons are positively charged, and like
charges repel each other.
H. All electrons are negatively charged, and like
charges attract each other.
J. All electrons are negatively charged, and like
charges repel each other.
Algol B became a post-MS star while Algol A and
Algol C remained MS stars. Algol B never lost mass to
Algol A. Algol B was always less massive than Algol A.
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29. Based on Fact 5 and Student 1’s discussion, which of
the 3 stars in the Algol system, if any, was most likely
the first to become an MS star?
A. Algol A
B. Algol B
C. Algol C
D. The 3 stars became MS stars at the same time.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
30. Based on Fact 5, would Student 2 agree that by the
time Algol A stops being an MS star, Algol A will
have spent as much time being an MS star as Algol B
spent being an MS star?
F. Yes, because according to Student 2, Algol A has
always been more massive than Algol B.
G. Yes, because according to Student 2, Algol A has
always been less massive than Algol B.
H. No, because according to Student 2, Algol A has
always been more massive than Algol B.
J. No, because according to Student 2, Algol A has
always been less massive than Algol B.
51
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 52
4
4
Passage VI
31. Based on Figure 2, if 13 g of Kr had been added to the
6 L vessel, the pressure would have been:
A. less than 200 torr.
B. between 200 torr and 400 torr.
C. between 400 torr and 600 torr.
D. greater than 600 torr.
Three experiments were done using CO 2 , krypton
(Kr), or O2. For each gas:
1. A 3 L steel vessel was fitted with a cap that contained a
gas inlet valve and a pressure and temperature sensor.
2. Air was pumped out of the vessel until the pressure
measured 0.00 torr.
32. Suppose the experiments had been repeated, except
with a 5 L vessel. Based on Figures 1 and 2, the pressure exerted by 7 g of CO 2 would most likely have
been:
F. less than 500 torr.
G. between 500 torr and 1,000 torr.
H. between 1,000 torr and 1,500 torr.
J. greater than 1,500 torr.
3. The vessel was placed on a balance, and the balance was
reset to 0.000 g.
4. Some of the gas was added to the vessel.
5. When the gas in the vessel reached room temperature
(22°C), mass and pressure were recorded.
6. Steps 4 and 5 were repeated several times.
The experiments were then repeated, except that a 6 L
vessel was used (see Figures 1 and 2).
33. Based on Figures 1 and 2, for a given mass of O 2 at
22°C, how does the pressure exerted by the O 2 in a
6 L vessel compare to the pressure exerted by the O 2 in
a 3 L vessel? In the 6 L vessel, the O 2 pressure will be:
2,000
A. _1_ as great as in the 3 L vessel.
O2
2
pressure (torr)
1,600
B. the same as in the 3 L vessel.
C. 2 times as great as in the 3 L vessel.
D. 4 times as great as in the 3 L vessel.
3 L vessel
1,200
CO2
800
34. Which of the following best explains why equal
masses of O2 and CO2 at the same temperature and in
the same-size vessel had different pressures? The pressure exerted by the O 2 was:
F. less, because there were fewer O 2 molecules per
gram than there were CO2 molecules per gram.
G. less, because there were more O 2 molecules per
gram than there were CO2 molecules per gram.
H. greater, because there were fewer O 2 molecules
per gram than there were CO2 molecules per gram.
J. greater, because there were more O2 molecules per
gram than there were CO2 molecules per gram.
400
Kr
0
0
2
4
6
8
mass of gas added (g)
10
Figure 1
1,000
O2
pressure (torr)
800
6 L vessel
35. Suppose the experiment involving O 2 and the 6 L
vessel had been repeated, except at a room temperature
of 14°C. For a given mass of O 2, compared to the pressure measured in the original experiment, the pressure
measured at 14°C would have been:
A. less, because pressure is directly proportional to
temperature.
B. less, because pressure is inversely proportional to
temperature.
C. greater, because pressure is directly proportional
to temperature.
D. greater, because pressure is inversely proportional
to temperature.
600
CO2
400
200
Kr
0
0
2
4
6
8
mass of gas added (g)
10
Figure 2
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
52
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 53
4
4
Passage VII
37. As humans age, it is common for selective hearing loss
to occur at high sound frequencies. Which of the following figures best illustrates this loss?
The human threshold of hearing is the minimum
intensity at each sound frequency required for a sound to
be heard by humans. The human threshold of pain is the
maximum intensity at each sound frequency that humans
can tolerate without pain.
Key
before loss
A.
S = 10–2%
S = 10–1%
D.
frequency
S = 10–8%
S = 100%
threshold
of hearing
intensity
threshold
of hearing
frequency
B.
in water
5
10
8
6
4
threshold
of hearing
intensity
Key
in air
C.
frequency
frequency
The figure below displays, for sounds in water and in
air, the human thresholds of hearing and of pain. The figure
also shows S, the percent increase in air density and water
density that accompanies the compression of air and water
by sound waves of given intensities. Sound intensities are
given in decibels (db) and frequencies are given in hertz
[(Hz); 1 Hz = 1 cycle/sec].
after loss
threshold
of hearing
2
4
10
8
6
4
intensity
threshold
of pain
38. Based on the figure, a sound of a given frequency will
have the highest intensity for which of the following
sets of conditions?
Sound is passing through:
000S000
F.
water
100%
G.
water
010–8%
H.
air
100%
J.
air
010–8%
2
frequency (Hz)
3
10
8
6
4
threshold
of hearing
2
39. A student hypothesized that sounds of any intensity at
a frequency of 105 Hz would be painful for humans to
hear. Do the data in the figure support this hypothesis?
A. Yes, because the threshold of pain is relatively
constant with changes in frequency.
B. Yes, because as frequency increases above 10 5 Hz,
the threshold of pain increases.
C. No, because humans cannot hear sounds at 10 5 Hz.
D. No, because the threshold of pain is relatively constant with changes in frequency.
2
1 × 101
8 × 101
6 × 10
1
4 × 10
2 × 10
1
1
1 × 10
8
6
4
2
10
40. Based on the figure, does S depend on the frequency of
a sound wave of a given intensity?
F. Yes, because as frequency increases, S increases.
G. Yes, because as frequency increases, S remains
constant.
H. No, because as frequency increases, S increases.
J. No, because as frequency increases, S remains
constant.
0
–20
intensity
0
20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240
intensity (db)
Figure adapted from Rita G. Lerner and George L. Trigg, eds.,
Encyclopedia of Physics, 2nd ed. ©1991 by VCH Publishers, Inc.
36. According to the figure, which of the following is closest to the lowest frequency that can be heard by a
human being?
F. 00,008 Hz
G. 00,020 Hz
H. 01,000 Hz
J. 20,000 Hz
STOP! DO NOT RETURN TO ANY OTHER TEST.
ACT-67C-PRACTICE
53
END OF TEST 4
[See Note on page 54.]
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 54
If you plan to take the ACT Plus Writing, sharpen your pencils and
continue with the Writing Test on page 55.
If you do not plan to take the ACT Plus Writing, skip to page 57 for
instructions on scoring your multiple-choice tests.
54
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 55
Practice Writing Test
Your Date of Birth:
Your Signature:
(Do not print.)
Month
Print Your Name Here:
Day
Year
Form 14R
WRITING TEST
BOOKLET
You must take the multiple-choice tests before you take the Writing Test.
Directions
This is a test of your writing skills. You will have thirty (30) minutes to write an
essay in English. Before you begin planning and writing your essay, read the
writing prompt carefully to understand exactly what you are being asked to do.
Your essay will be evaluated on the evidence it provides of your ability to
express judgments by taking a position on the issue in the writing prompt;
to maintain a focus on the topic throughout the essay; to develop a position by
using logical reasoning and by supporting your ideas; to organize ideas in a
logical way; and to use language clearly and effectively according to the
conventions of standard written English.
You may use the unlined pages in this test booklet to plan your essay. These
pages will not be scored. You must write your essay in pencil on the lined pages
in the answer folder. Your writing on those lined pages will be scored. You may
not need all the lined pages, but to ensure you have enough room to finish, do
NOT skip lines. You may write corrections or additions neatly between the lines
of your essay, but do NOT write in the margins of the lined pages. Illegible
essays cannot be scored, so you must write (or print) clearly.
If you finish before time is called, you may review your work. Lay your pencil
down immediately when time is called.
DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLET UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO.
© 2012 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
NOTE: This test material is the confidential property of ACT, Inc., and
may not be copied, reproduced, sold, or otherwise transferred without
the prior express written permission of ACT, Inc.
P.O. BOX 168
IOWA CITY, IA 52243-0168
55
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 56
ACT Writing Test Prompt
Rather than concentrating on doing one thing at a time, high
school students often divide their attention among several
activities, such as watching television and using the computer
while doing homework. Educators debate whether performing
several tasks at the same time is too distracting when students
are doing homework. Some educators believe multitasking is a
bad practice when doing homework because they think dividing
attention between multiple tasks negatively affects the quality
of students’ work. Other educators do not believe multitasking
is a bad practice when doing homework because they think
students accomplish more during their limited free time as a
result of multitasking. In your opinion, is it too distracting for
high school students to divide their attention among several
activities when they are doing homework?
In your essay, take a position on this question. You may write
about either one of the two points of view given, or you may
present a different point of view on this question. Use specific
reasons and examples to support your position.
Note
• Your test booklet will have blank space for you to plan your essay. For this practice test, use
scratch paper.
• You may wish to remove pages 75–78 to respond to this prompt.
• When you have completed your essay, read pages 64–72 for information and instructions on
scoring your practice Writing Test.
ACT-14R-PRACTICE
56
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5
The multiple-choice norms table (Table 3A on page 63)
enables you to compare your scores on the practice
multiple-choice tests with the scores of recent high school
graduates who took the ACT. The numbers reported in
Table 3A are cumulative percents. A cumulative percent is
the percent of students who scored at or below a given
score. For example, a Composite score of 20 has a
cumulative percent of 48. This means that 48% of the ACTtested high school students had a Composite score of 20 or
lower.
Scoring Your Tests
How to Score the
Multiple-Choice Tests
Follow the instructions below and on the following pages to
score your practice multiple-choice tests and to evaluate
your performance.
Remember that your scores and percent at or below on the
practice test are only estimates of the scores that you will
obtain during an actual administration of the ACT. Test scores
are only one indicator of your level of academic knowledge
and skills. Consider your scores in connection with your
grades, your performance in outside activities, and your
career interests.
Raw Scores
The number of questions you answered correctly on each
test and in each subscore area is your raw score. Because
there are many forms of the ACT, each containing different
questions, some forms will be slightly easier (and some
slightly harder) than others. A raw score of 67 on one form
of the English Test, for example, may be about as difficult to
earn as a raw score of 70 on another form of that test.
College Readiness Standards™
To add to the information you receive about your
performance on the ACT, we have developed College
Readiness Standards. These standards help you to more
fully understand what your total test score means for each
academic area assessed: English, Mathematics, Reading,
Science, and Writing. The College Readiness Standards
describe the types of skills, strategies, and understandings
you will need to make a successful transition from high
school to college. For English, Mathematics, Reading, and
Science, standards are provided for six score ranges that
reflect the progression and complexity of the skills in each
of the academic areas measured by the ACT tests.
For Writing, standards are provided for five score ranges.
The College Readiness Standards and benchmark scores
for each test can be found at www.act.org/standard and
www.act.org/education/benchmarks.html.
To compute your raw scores, check your answers with the
scoring keys on pages 58–60. Count the number of correct
answers for each of the four tests and seven subscore
areas, and enter the number in the blanks provided on
those pages. These numbers are your raw scores on the
tests and subscore areas.
Scale Scores
To adjust for the small differences that occur among
different forms of the ACT, the raw scores for tests and
subscore areas are converted into scale scores. Scale
scores are printed on the reports sent to you and your
college and scholarship choices.
When your raw scores are converted into scale scores, it
becomes possible to compare your scores with those of
examinees who took different test forms. For example, a
scale score of 26 on the English Test has the same meaning
regardless of the form of the ACT on which it is based.
Reviewing Your
Performance on the Practice
Multiple-Choice Tests
To determine the scale scores corresponding to your raw
scores on the practice test, use the score conversion tables
on pages 61–62. Table 1 on page 61 shows the raw-to-scale
score conversions for each test, and Table 2 on page 62
shows the raw-to-scale score conversions for the subscore
areas. Because each form of the ACT is unique, each form
has somewhat different conversion tables. Consequently,
these tables provide only approximations of the raw-to-scale
score conversions that would apply if a different form of the
ACT were taken. Therefore, the scale scores obtained from
the practice tests don’t match precisely the scale scores
received from an actual administration of the ACT.
After you have determined your scale scores, consider the
following as you evaluate your performance.
• Did you run out of time? If so, reread the information in
this booklet on pacing yourself. Perhaps you need to
adjust the way you used your time in responding to the
questions. It is to your advantage to answer every
question. There is no penalty for guessing.
• Did you spend too much time trying to understand the
directions for the tests? The directions for the practice
tests are the same directions that will appear in your test
booklet on test day. Make sure you understand them
now, so you won’t have to spend too much time studying
them on test day.
• Review the questions that you missed. Did you select a
response that was an incomplete answer or that did not
directly respond to the question being asked? Try to figure
out what you overlooked in answering the questions.
• Did a particular type of question confuse you? Did the
questions you missed come from a particular subscore
area? In reviewing your responses, check to see whether
a particular type of question or a particular subscore
area was more difficult for you or took more time.
Computing the Composite Score
The Composite score is the average of the four scale scores
in English, Mathematics, Reading, and Science. If you left
any of these tests blank, do not calculate a Composite score.
If you take the ACT Plus Writing, your Writing results do not
affect your Composite score.
Comparing Your Scores
Even scale scores don’t tell the whole story of your test
performance. You may want to know how your scores
compare to the scores of other students who took the ACT.
57
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 58
Scoring Keys for the ACT Practice Tests
Use the scoring key for each test to score your answer document for the multiple-choice tests. Mark a “1” in
the blank for each question you answered correctly. Add up the numbers in each subscore area and enter
the total number correct for each subscore area in the blanks provided. Also enter the total number correct
for each test in the blanks provided. The total number correct for each test is the sum of the number correct
in each subscore area.
Test 1: English—Scoring Key
Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
B
J
D
F
B
J
D
F
A
H
A
H
D
G
B
G
C
G
D
F
B
J
C
F
C
Subscore
Area*
UM
RH
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
Key
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
G
A
G
C
J
B
J
D
H
B
H
C
F
C
J
B
F
B
J
A
J
C
F
B
F
Subscore
Area*
UM
RH
Key
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
B
J
D
H
A
H
B
H
A
G
A
H
A
H
D
G
A
J
A
G
D
J
C
G
D
Subscore
Area*
UM
RH
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
Usage/Mechanics (UM) Subscore Area
_______
(40)
Rhetorical Skills (RH) Subscore Area
_______
(35)
Total Number Correct for English Test (UM + RH)
_______
(75)
*UM = Usage/Mechanics
RH = Rhetorical Skills
1267C
58
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 59
Test 2: Mathematics—Scoring Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
Key
EA
A
F
E
J
C
K
E
H
A
J
D
K
B
F
C
J
B
J
D
J
E
G
B
H
A
G
B
H
E
K
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
Subscore
Area*
AG
GT
Key
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
E
G
D
F
D
F
B
G
C
G
B
F
D
H
A
J
C
H
B
F
C
J
E
K
C
J
E
G
C
F
EA
Subscore
Area*
AG
GT
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
Pre-Alg./Elem. Alg. (EA) Subscore Area
_______
(24)
Inter. Alg./Coord. Geo. (AG) Subscore Area
_______
(18)
Plane Geo./Trig. (GT) Subscore Area
_______
(18)
Total Number Correct for Math Test (EA + AG + GT)
_______
(60)
*EA = Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra
AG = Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry
GT = Plane Geometry/Trigonometry
1267C
59
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:34 AM Page 60
Test 3: Reading—Scoring Key
Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
D
H
B
G
B
F
C
F
D
H
C
F
C
G
Subscore
Area*
SS
AL
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
Key
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
D
H
B
J
A
F
C
J
A
J
C
F
C
J
Subscore
Area*
SS
AL
Key
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
A
F
B
H
D
J
B
G
B
F
A
F
Subscore
Area*
SS
AL
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
Social Studies/Sciences (SS) Subscore Area
_______
(20)
Arts/Literature (AL) Subscore Area
_______
(20)
Total Number Correct for Reading Test (SS + AL)
_______
(40)
*SS = Social Studies/Sciences
AL = Arts/Literature
Test 4: Science—Scoring Key
Key
Key
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
D
J
B
J
C
F
D
G
A
H
C
F
B
H
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
A
G
D
F
B
J
C
J
A
H
B
G
C
G
Key
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
B
H
C
G
A
J
A
G
A
F
C
J
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
______
Number Correct (Raw Score) for:
Total Number Correct for Science Test
_______
(40)
1267C
60
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 61
TABLE 1
Explanation of Procedures Used to Obtain Scale Scores from Raw Scores
On each of the four multiple-choice tests on which you
marked any responses, the total number of correct
responses yields a raw score. Use the table below to convert
your raw scores to scale scores. For each test, locate and
circle your raw score or the range of raw scores that includes
it in the table below. Then, read across to either outside
column of the table and circle the scale score that
corresponds to that raw score. As you determine your scale
scores, enter them in the blanks provided on the right. The
highest possible scale score for each test is 36. The lowest
possible scale score for any test on which you marked any
responses is 1.
ACT Test 67C
Next, compute the Composite score by averaging the four
scale scores. To do this, add your four scale scores and
divide the sum by 4. If the resulting number ends in a
fraction, round it off to the nearest whole number. (Round
down any fraction less than one-half; round up any fraction
that is one-half or more.) Enter this number in the blank. This
is your Composite score. The highest possible Composite
score is 36. The lowest possible Composite score is 1.
Your Scale Score
English
________
Mathematics
________
Reading
________
Science
________
Sum of scores
________
Composite score (sum ÷ 4)
________
NOTE: If you left a test completely blank and marked no
items, do not list a scale score for that test. If any test was
completely blank, do not calculate a Composite score.
Raw Scores
Scale
Score
Test 1
English
Test 2
Mathematics
Test 3
Reading
Test 4
Science
Scale
Score
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
75
73-74
71-72
70
69
68
67
66
64-65
62-63
60-61
58-59
56-57
53-55
51-52
48-50
45-47
42-44
40-41
38-39
35-37
33-34
30-32
29
27-28
25-26
23-24
20-22
17-19
14-16
11-13
09-10
6-8
5
3-4
0-2
59-60
57-58
55-56
54
53
52
50-51
49
47-48
45-46
43-44
41-42
38-40
36-37
34-35
33
31-32
29-30
27-28
24-26
19-23
15-18
12-14
10-11
8-9
6-7
5
4
—
3
—
2
—
1
—
0
40
39
38
—
37
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
27-28
26
25
23-24
22
20-21
19
18
16-17
14-15
13
11-12
09-10
8
7
6
5
4
3
—
2
1
0
40
39
38
37
—
36
35
34
33
31-32
30
28-29
26-27
24-25
23
21-22
19-20
17-18
16
14-15
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
—
2
1
—
0
36
35
34
33
32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1267C
61
62
35
34
33
31-32
29-30
27-28
25-26
22-24
20-21
18-19
15-17
13-14
12
10-11
8-9
5-7
3-4
0-2
39-40
37-38
35-36
34
32-33
31
29-30
27-28
24-26
22-23
20-21
18-19
16-17
14-15
12-13
09-11
6-8
0-5
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1267C
Rhetorical
Skills
Usage/
Mechanics
Scale
Subscore
Test 1 English
Inter. Algebra/
Coord. Geometry
18
17
16
15
13-14
12
10-11
9
7-8
6
4-5
—
3
2
—
1
—
0
Pre-Algebra/
Elem. Algebra
23-24
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
13-14
11-12
09-10
6-8
5
3-4
2
1
0
Test 2 Mathematics
Raw Scores
If you left a test completely blank and marked no responses, do not list
any scale subscores for that test.
For each of the seven subscore areas, the total number of correct
responses yields a raw score. Use the table below to convert your raw
scores to scale subscores. For each of the seven subscore areas,
locate and circle either the raw score or the range of raw scores that
includes it in the table below. Then, read across to either outside
column of the table and circle the scale subscore that corresponds to
that raw score. As you determine your scale subscores, enter them in
the blanks provided on the right. The highest possible scale subscore
is 18. The lowest possible scale subscore is 1.
Explanation of Procedures Used to Obtain
Scale Subscores from Raw Scores
TABLE 2
________
Rhetorical Skills
________
________
Intermed. Algebra/Coord. Geometry
Plane Geometry/Trigonometry
________
Arts/Literature
Arts/
Literature
20
18-19
—
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
6-7
5
3-4
2
0-1
Social Studies/
Sciences
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
12-13
11
09-10
8
6-7
5
4
3
2
1
0
Plane Geometry/
Trigonometry
18
17
16
14-15
13
11-12
10
9
7-8
6
5
4
3
—
2
—
1
0
Test 3 Reading
________
Social Studies/Sciences
Reading
________
Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra
Mathematics
________
Your Scale Subscore
Usage/Mechanics
English
ACT Test 67C
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Scale
Subscore
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 62
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 63
TABLES 3A and 3B
Norms Tables
Your Estimated
Percent At or Below
on Practice Test
Use the norms tables below (3A and 3B) to determine
your estimated percent at or below for each of your
multiple-choice scale scores (3A), and for your Writing
scores (3B), if applicable.
English
Usage/Mechanics
Rhetorical Skills
Mathematics
Pre-Algebra/Elem. Alg.
Alg./Coord. Geometry
Plane Geometry/Trig.
Reading
Soc. Studies/Sciences
Arts/Literature
Science
In the far left column of the multiple-choice norms table
(3A), circle your scale score for the English Test (from
page 61). Then read across to the percent at or below
column for that test; circle or put a check mark beside
the corresponding percent at or below. Use the same
procedure for each test and subscore area. Use the far
right column of scale scores in Table 3A, for your Science
Test and Composite scores. Follow the same procedure
on the Writing Test norms to get your estimated percent
at or below for your Writing subscore and Combined
English/Writing score.
As you mark your percents at or below, enter them in the
blanks provided at the right. You may also find it helpful to
compare your performance with the national mean (average)
score for each of the tests, subscore areas, and the
Composite as shown at the bottom of the norms tables.
________
________
Combined English/Writing
Writing
________
________
3B
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%& &!(!$ '( %&'
' +,"*"&*
$& '%+).)" $ '') '%+).
)$ )$% $ ________
________
________
'( ! %%" &)('
&%# $ )+*"+)+,)
&
!+')"$ #"$$*
* !&"*
________
________
________
________
Composite
*#'&$ #)*(#+*#'&) ' +%+$*#, (&*) '( )* '()
)* #!" "''$ (+*) ('% & 3A
________
________
________
!* &')%* ) +! *',) ' &+"'&$ &')%* ') %,$+"($!'" +*+* ()"&+ '& *') )(')+* ,)"& +!
0 +*+"& .) %($ *"/ 63
%&
%#!$
$"!' &!(!$
&!(!$
! ! "
! $ #
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 64
Six-Point Holistic Scoring Rubric for the ACT Writing Test
Papers at each level exhibit all or most of the characteristics described at each score point.
Score = 6
Essays within this score range demonstrate effective
skill in responding to the task.
The essay shows a clear understanding of the task. The
essay takes a position on the issue and may offer a
critical context for discussion. The essay addresses
complexity by examining different perspectives on the
issue, or by evaluating the implications and/or
complications of the issue, or by fully responding to
counterarguments to the writer’s position. Development of
ideas is ample, specific, and logical. Most ideas are fully
elaborated. A clear focus on the specific issue in the
prompt is maintained. The organization of the essay is
clear: the organization may be somewhat predictable or it
may grow from the writer’s purpose. Ideas are logically
sequenced. Most transitions reflect the writer’s logic and
are usually integrated into the essay. The introduction and
conclusion are effective, clear, and well developed. The
essay shows a good command of language. Sentences
are varied and word choice is varied and precise. There
are few, if any, errors to distract the reader.
Score = 3
Essays within this score range demonstrate some
developing skill in responding to the task.
The essay shows some understanding of the task. The
essay takes a position on the issue but does not offer a
context for discussion. The essay may acknowledge a
counterargument to the writer’s position, but its
development is brief or unclear. Development of ideas is
limited and may be repetitious, with little, if any,
movement between general statements and specific
reasons, examples, and details. Focus on the general
topic is maintained, but focus on the specific issue in the
prompt may not be maintained. The organization of the
essay is simple. Ideas are logically grouped within parts
of the essay, but there is little or no evidence of logical
sequencing of ideas. Transitions, if used, are simple and
obvious. An introduction and conclusion are clearly
discernible but underdeveloped. Language shows a
basic control. Sentences show a little variety and word
choice is appropriate. Errors may be distracting and may
occasionally impede understanding.
Score = 5
Essays within this score range demonstrate
competent skill in responding to the task.
Score = 2
Essays within this score range demonstrate
inconsistent or weak skill in responding to the task.
The essay shows a weak understanding of the task. The
essay may not take a position on the issue, or the essay
may take a position but fail to convey reasons to support
that position, or the essay may take a position but fail to
maintain a stance. There is little or no recognition of a
counterargument to the writer’s position. The essay is
thinly developed. If examples are given, they are general
and may not be clearly relevant. The essay may include
extensive repetition of the writer’s ideas or of ideas in the
prompt. Focus on the general topic is maintained, but
focus on the specific issue in the prompt may not be
maintained. There is some indication of an organizational
structure, and some logical grouping of ideas within
parts of the essay is apparent. Transitions, if used, are
simple and obvious, and they may be inappropriate or
misleading. An introduction and conclusion are
discernible but minimal. Sentence structure and word
choice are usually simple. Errors may be frequently
distracting and may sometimes impede understanding.
The essay shows a clear understanding of the task. The
essay takes a position on the issue and may offer a broad
context for discussion. The essay shows recognition of
complexity by partially evaluating the implications and/or
complications of the issue, or by responding to
counterarguments to the writer’s position. Development of
ideas is specific and logical. Most ideas are elaborated,
with clear movement between general statements and
specific reasons, examples, and details. Focus on the
specific issue in the prompt is maintained. The
organization of the essay is clear, although it may be
predictable. Ideas are logically sequenced, although
simple and obvious transitions may be used. The
introduction and conclusion are clear and generally well
developed. Language is competent. Sentences are
somewhat varied and word choice is sometimes varied
and precise. There may be a few errors, but they are
rarely distracting.
Score = 4
Essays within this score range demonstrate adequate
skill in responding to the task.
Score = 1
Essays within this score range show little or no skill
in responding to the task.
The essay shows little or no understanding of the task. If
the essay takes a position, it fails to convey reasons to
support that position. The essay is minimally developed.
The essay may include excessive repetition of the writer’s
ideas or of ideas in the prompt. Focus on the general
topic is usually maintained, but focus on the specific
issue in the prompt may not be maintained. There is little
or no evidence of an organizational structure or of the
logical grouping of ideas. Transitions are rarely used. If
present, an introduction and conclusion are minimal.
Sentence structure and word choice are simple. Errors
may be frequently distracting and may significantly
impede understanding.
The essay shows an understanding of the task. The essay
takes a position on the issue and may offer some context
for discussion. The essay may show some recognition of
complexity by providing some response to
counterarguments to the writer’s position. Development of
ideas is adequate, with some movement between general
statements and specific reasons, examples, and details.
Focus on the specific issue in the prompt is maintained
throughout most of the essay. The organization of the
essay is apparent but predictable. Some evidence of
logical sequencing of ideas is apparent, although most
transitions are simple and obvious. The introduction and
conclusion are clear and somewhat developed.
Language is adequate, with some sentence variety and
appropriate word choice. There may be some distracting
errors, but they do not impede understanding.
No Score
Blank, Off-Topic, Illegible, Not in English, or Void
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 65
How to Score the Writing Test
Scoring Guidelines (see page 64)
These are the guidelines that will be used to score your
essay. These guidelines are also called a “rubric.” Many
papers do not fit the exact description at each score point.
You should note that the rubric says: “Papers at each level
exhibit all or most of the characteristics in the descriptors.”
To score your paper, read your response and try to
determine which score point and paragraph in the rubric
best describes most of the characteristics of your essay.
Two trained readers will score your essay on the actual
Writing Test. These readers are trained by reading
examples of papers at each score point and by scoring
many practice papers. They are given detailed feedback
on the correctness of their scores during practice. During
actual scoring, score differences of more than one point will
be evaluated by a third trained reader to resolve
discrepancies. This method is designed to be as objective
and impartial as possible. So—how can you rate your own
practice Writing Test?
Then (because your Writing Test subscore is the sum of two
readers’ ratings of your essay), you should multiply your
1–6 score by 2 when you use Table 4, on page 72, to find
your Combined English/Writing score. Or, if both you and
someone else read and score your practice essay, add
those scores together.
It is difficult to be objective about one’s own work, and you
have not had the extensive training provided to actual
readers of the ACT Writing Test. However, it is to your
advantage to read your own writing critically. Becoming
your own editor helps you grow as a writer and as a reader.
So it makes sense for you to evaluate your own practice
essay. It may also be helpful for you to give your practice
essay to another reader to get another perspective: perhaps
that of a classmate, a parent, or an English teacher, for
example. Thinking and talking with others about writing is
good preparation for the ACT Writing Test. To rate your
essay, you and your reader(s) should read the scoring
guidelines and example essays, which begin below and
continue through page 71, and then assign your practice
essay a score of 1 through 6.
Comparing Your Scores
The Writing Test norms table (Table 3B on page 63) allows
you to compare your score on the practice Writing Test with
the scores of recent high school graduates who took the
ACT Plus Writing. The norms for the Writing Test are
reported the same way as the norms for the multiple-choice
tests (see page 57). For example, a Writing subscore of 8
has a cumulative percent of 86. This means that 86% of
students had a Writing subscore of 8 or lower. Remember
that your scores and percents at or below are only
estimates of the scores you will obtain on an actual
administration of the ACT Plus Writing. They should be
considered in connection with your performance on other
essay tests and your planned college curriculum.
For an actual administration, each essay will be scored on a
scale from 1 (low) through 6 (high). The score is based on
the overall impression that is created by all the elements of
the writing. The scores given by the two readers are added
together, yielding the Writing subscore range 2–12 shown in
Table 4 on page 72.
College Readiness Standards
The College Readiness Standards for Writing (see page 57)
can be found at www.act.org/standard.
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 66
Example Essays and Scoring Explanations
Readers for the ACT Writing Test are trained by scoring many essays before they score “live” essays. Although we cannot
provide you with the same extensive training these readers receive, reading the example essays that follow will help you
better understand some of the characteristics of essays at each score point. You will also be able to read a brief explanation
of how each essay was scored. The example essays are in response to the practice prompt on page 56.
Score = 1
Score Point 1
Scoring Explanation
It is not to distacting for students because everybody
has there own way of doing there homework. If a kid wants
to watch tv while he is doing his homework then let him.
That is his comfort zone that is when most kids are relaxed.
Thats why they finish there homework. It also makes them
calm so there not all worried if there almost done or not
because there doing there work but at the same time there
also relaxed because there watching the favorite cartoon or
reaility show or whatever they watch. But you can’t let them
watch the tv more than there doing there homework because
then nothing will get done like that.
Essays that earn a 1 show little or no skill in responding
to the task. This essay begins with the writer’s position statement, but because no context is provided for the discussion,
it is difficult to discern the exact question the student is
responding to. In the second sentence, the writer makes the
argument a little clearer by saying that If a kid wants to
watch tv while he is doing his homework then let him, but
nowhere in the essay does the writer refer to the prompt’s
specific question about multitasking.
The essay is minimally developed. Rather than offering
specific ideas to support the writer’s position, the essay
merely repeats the general assertion that watching television
helps a student relax (That is his comfort zone that is when
most kids are relaxed…. It also makes them calm so there
not all worried…but at the same time there also relaxed).
There is no evidence of an organizational structure. The
writer does not offer an introduction, and instead of providing
a conclusion, the writer ends the essay with only the clarification that you can’t let them watch the tv more than there
doing there homework because then nothing will get done
like that. In addition, the writer uses only a single transition to
connect ideas (also).
Errors in sentence structure, such as run-on sentences,
and frequent misspellings (there used instead of their and
they’re) are distracting but do not impede understanding.
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 67
Score = 2
Score Point 2
Scoring Explanation
Multitasking is a good pracice while doing homework
because a lot of careers need good multitaskers or student
might have less time to do things. Multitasking is a
nesecitity in today modern lifestyle. You need to be able to
keep track of multiple things like the family, taxes, arrangements, meetings….etc., the list goes on. To develope multitasking at a young ag is critical. What if you need to do
10 things in a day or have to get the kids ready for school in
the morning, while your on an important phone call with
your boss? If you became a biusness owner, you have to
keep up with supply + demand of products and services,
keep up with costumer satisfacition. These are all instances
where multitasking is irreplacible. Multitaskers are always
needed for jobs. Some educators say multitasking reduces
grades. I say different being a multitasker + getting a
3.5 GPA. I watch a movie while typing a paper and it sometimes helps clear writers block and allows the ideas to flow.
Take it from a multitasker we’re always needed.
Essays that earn a 2 demonstrate inconsistent or weak
skill in responding to the task. This writer takes the position
that multitasking is a good practice, arguing that a lot of
careers need good multitaskers and that without multitasking
student might have less time to do things. There is a slight
recognition of complexity at the end of the essay as the
writer briefly addresses a counter argument (Some educators say multitasking reduces grades….), but the writer
offers only a couple of assertions about his or her personal
experience to refute the point.
Development of ideas is thin. The writer offers examples
of situations when multitasking might be necessary (being on
the phone while trying to get kids to school, keeping up with
supply and demand and customer satisfaction as a business
owner), but development of these ideas is limited to singlesentence assertions. In addition, beyond the brief personal
example of watching a movie while typing a paper, the writer
provides no discussion of the point that students will have
less time to do things if they don’t multitask.
There is little indication of an organizational structure.
Ideas are presented mostly as a random list, with only occasional evidence of the writer having attempted to group
related points logically. Transitions are not used to connect
ideas, and there is no clear evidence of an introduction or
conclusion, beyond the opening position statement and the
closing declaration, Take it from a multitasker we’re always
needed.
Sentence structure and word choice are simple, and
when the writer attempts more complex sentence structures,
errors such as run-on sentences and fragments result (I say
different being a multitasker + getting a 3.5 GPA.). These
errors and frequent spelling mistakes ( pracice, nesecitity,
develope, ag, costumer, irreplacible) are distracting but do
not impede understanding.
67
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 68
Score = 3
Score Point 3
Scoring Explanation
Multitasking is a very bad habit when doing homework.
It has negative effects on concentration, learning skills and
the homework itself. By eliminating multitasking during
homework would have a positive influence on many aspects.
Multitasking while doing homework affects concentration. While doing homework, a student should concentrate
only on the homework. If the student is doing another task
along with the homework, they are not as concentrated on
the homework. Less concentration on the homework will
lead to the student not doing as well as they would have if
they had done only the homework.
Multitasking prevents students from doing their very
best. It is a poor learning habit that can be harmful to the
student in the long run. Multitasking prevents students from
learning all that they can. When asked to recall something
from an assignment, a student will not be able to recall
everything they should because they were multitasking
while doing an assignment.
The homework itself is influenced negatively by multitasking. The student may recieve a poor grade because they
did not devote their full attention to the homework. Multitasking will not let the very best a student can do shine
through. It will prevent good grades and proper learning.
Multitasking certainly does not help student in their
concentration, learning skills or their homework. In the
future, we will likely see the long-term effects that multitasking has had on people’s learning.
Essays that earn a 3 demonstrate some developing skill
in responding to the task. This essay does not provide any
context for the discussion, and instead begins with the
writer’s position and then offers a list of three reasons why
multitasking is a very bad habit for students.
Development of the writer’s three main ideas is limited
and repetitive—each body paragraph consists mostly of a
series of assertions rather than movement from general
ideas to specific reasons or examples. For instance, as the
writer tries to argue the first idea that multitasking negatively
affects students’ ability to concentrate, the writer provides
only the unsupported assertions that While doing homework,
a student should concentrate only on the homework and that
If the student is doing another task along with the homework, they are not as concentrated on the homework. Further, all three body paragraphs argue essentially the same
point—that multitasking prevents students from doing their
very best.
The essay’s organization is simple; the structure of the
essay follows the order of the three points laid out in the
introduction. Ideas are logically grouped, in that sentences in
each paragraph contain related ideas, but there is little evidence of logical sequencing of ideas within paragraphs and
there are no transitions linking ideas between one paragraph
and the next. The introduction consists of little more than the
position statement, and the conclusion merely paraphrases
the introduction.
Language demonstrates basic control, although sentence structures show little variety (Multitasking prevents students from doing…Multitasking prevents students from
learning…). Word choice, however, is clear, if somewhat
repetitive. There are no distracting language errors.
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 69
Score = 4
Score Point 4
Scoring Explanation
Many people say that multitasking while doing homework is a bad practice because it negatively affects the
quality of a student’s work. Others, however, think that multitasking while doing homework is good because students
accomplish more during their limited free time. I, on the
otherhand, believe that multitasking while doing homework is
both good and bad, depending on the other activities a student partakes in while completing his or her homework.
Multitasking while doing homework can be a bad practice when a student is not doing something productive. For
example, watching videos on YouTube or reality-like shows
while doing homework would be a bad practice because a
student will tend to be more engaged in what he/she is
watching rather than the homework that is due the following
day. Surfing the internet or logging into Facebook while trying
to complete homework is also bad. Not only do these action
distract students from finishing their homework, but it also
causes them to spend more time trying to complete his or
her homework. When a student has too many distractions,
it’ll usually take more time for him/her to finish homework.
Although multitasking while doing homework is sometimes a bad practice, it can also be a good thing. Multitasking
while doing homework can be a good thing when a student
is doing another thing that is productive, unlike sitting in front
of a TV with a bag of chips and at the same time doing
homework. If a student is on the internet doing research for
another class while doing homework, then multitasking is ok
because the student is doing something for his/her class. By
multitasking productively, students learn how to manage their
time. Students become better prepared for the real world,
where adults tend to multitask almost everyday.
For me, multitasking while doing homework is hard.
Sometimes I tend to watch T.V. while trying to complete my
homework, and I end up spending more time trying to finish
my homework. If I’m doing something unproductive while
doing my homework, I become too distracted and the quality
of my homework is not as good as it should be. At other
times, however, doing something productive while doing
homework allows me to finish my work earlier than I usually
do. With extra free time, I am able to study for upcoming
tests, or quizes, and even go outside and enjoy a bright and
sunny day.
Depending on how a person looks at multitasking while
doing homework, it can be a good or bad practice. As for me,
multitasking can be good or bad depending on the other
activities you’re involved in while trying to complete your
homework.
Essays that earn a 4 demonstrate adequate skill in
responding to the task. This writer provides some context for
the discussion by restating the two opposing sides of the
issue presented in the prompt, and takes a compromise position on the debate, arguing that whether multitasking while
doing homework is good or bad depends on what other
activities the student is doing at the same time. The writer
demonstrates some recognition of complexity by mentioning
some long-term implications of multitasking (By multitasking
productively, students learn how to manage their time. Students become better prepared for the real world, where
adults tend to multitask almost everyday.).
Development of the writer’s ideas is adequate, with
some movement from general ideas to specific examples.
For example, in the first body paragraph, the writer begins by
saying Multitasking while doing homework can be a bad
practice when a student is not doing something productive,
and then goes on to elaborate with examples of unproductive
activities that can’t be done while doing homework (watching
videos on YouTube, watching reality TV, surfing the Internet).
The writer then also provides supporting explanations for
why such activities can’t be combined with homework (a student will tend to be more engaged in what he/she is watching rather than the homework that is due the following day).
The organization of the essay is clear. There is some
evidence of the logical sequencing of ideas within paragraphs. In addition, the writer transitions smoothly from the
negative effects of multitasking to the positive effects by
using an integrated transition between paragraphs (Although
multitasking while doing homework is sometimes a bad
practice, it can also be a good thing.). Other, simpler transitions are also used to show the connection of ideas (on the
otherhand, however, also). Although the introduction is
somewhat developed and includes some context, the conclusion is underdeveloped and offers only a brief restatement of
the writer’s position.
Language control is adequate. There is some sentence
variety, and despite some general and repetitive phrasing
(Multitasking while doing homework can be a bad practice
…. Multitasking while doing homework can be a good
thing), word choice is mostly appropriate (limited free time,
partakes, engaged, surfing the internet). Language errors
are not distracting and do not impede understanding.
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 70
Score = 5
Score Point 5
Scoring Explanation
Multitasking has become an essential talent for high
school students nowadays. In the face of sports, family,
homework, friends, and all the other obligations and activities that such students often have to deal with, time management is essential to maintaining the delicate balance
between sanity and simply being overwhelmed. As well,
there are many positive effects (both short-term and longterm) that can result from doing several things at once. Multitasking is very useful for managing one’s time and in
gaining beneficial habits.
Time-management has become quite a difficult problem
for high school students today. With all the pressures of taking many substantive classes, especially ones with potential
college-credit, the average student workload has increased
drastically over the years. Added to the homework and
studying resulting from such classes, students participate in
extracurricular activities varying from clubs and sports
teams to religious organizations and volunteer work. Thus,
while the day has stayed constant at 24 hours, the amount of
activity within that time frame has increased. There are several options for students in such situations. They can go the
route of sleep deprivation (endangering their health), they
can try to do things individually (resulting in a decline in
quality of work or the compulsory dropping of several
obligations), or they can manage their time so as to do more
than one task at once.
If the student does choose to multi-task, there can actually be benefits in the form of good habits. In the short-term,
the student may actually create enough of a gap in his or her
schedule to allow for some leisure time, providing an often
much needed break from work. The long-term effects are
even more beneficial in that the student will form useful talents that will serve them well in the business world. In
today’s fast-paced society, the ability to multi-task is highly
valued and one who is greatly practiced in it will be more
likely to succeed than one who isn’t. Some people may
claim that it isn’t possible to divide attention evenly between
several things at once while producing something of optimum quality. This view, though, is only correct when it
comes to multitasking many things. As long as there are not
too many simultaneous tasks, the quality can still be high.
In short, multitasking is a very valuable tool for high
school students and one which they should all utilize. It
allows for healthy and efficient time management in a time
of pressure and high expectations. It can also cause the formation of useful talents for later in life. Multitasking, therefore, should be accepted, and even encouraged by teachers
and parents as a tool for high school students.
Essays that earn a 5 demonstrate competent skill in
responding to the task. This writer begins with a somewhat
broad context that describes the value of being able to multitask in order to maintain a delicate balance among all the
obligations and activities students must frequently handle.
The writer takes a position in favor of multitasking, arguing
that Multitasking is very useful for managing one’s time and
in gaining beneficial habits.
The writer demonstrates recognition of complexity by
briefly responding to a counter argument (Some people may
claim that it isn’t possible to divide attention evenly between
several things at once while producing something of optimum quality. This view, though, is only correct when it comes
to multitasking many things. As long as there are not too
many simultaneous tasks, the quality can still be high.). The
writer also demonstrates a recognition of complexity by partially evaluating some long-term implications of his or her
position, arguing that learning how to multitask will help students form long-term habits that will serve them in the future
(In today’s fast-paced society, the ability to multi-task is
highly valued and one who is greatly practiced in it will be
more likely to succeed than one who isn’t.).
Development of ideas is specific and logical, with clear
movement between general statements and specific reasons
and examples. For example, the writer begins the first body
paragraph by describing the increased pressure on students
to take more substantive classes and participate in a variety
of extracurricular activities (clubs, sports teams, religious
organizations, volunteer work). The writer then goes on to
argue that, although there might be other options for
students to employ when dealing with these increased
pressures, alternatives to multitasking have negative consequences that multitasking does not have, such as sleep
deprivation and declining quality of work.
Organization of the essay is clear. Ideas are logically
sequenced—each sentence leads logically to the next. The
writer also uses both simple (As well,…) and integrated transitions to connect ideas (Added to the homework and studying resulting from such classes, students participate in extra
curricular activities….; This view, though, is only correct
when…). The introduction and conclusion are both clear and
generally well developed. The introduction provides context
for the prompt’s issue, and the conclusion summarizes the
essay’s main points.
Language is competent. Sentence structures are varied
and word choice is varied and sometimes precise (essential
talent, compulsory, optimum quality).
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 71
Score = 6
Score Point 6
Scoring Explanation
History research paper. Organic Chemistry lab writeup. To Kill a Mockingbird reading. Although Twittering,
texting, or surfing the Internet may very well hold infinitely
more appeal to high schoolers, how can all these unrelated
activities not affect one’s schoolwork? As our world
becomes more and more technologically superior, teens are
in their element on the high-def, fast-paced scene that is
modern American life today. Sure it’s fun, current, and hip,
but when youngsters focus more on social sites and techno
activities, what are they really sacrificing?
While it seems that taking periodic breaks from study
sessions and school assignments to partake in a loved activity keeps students more focused and able to finish homework at night, multitasking is not the same action. What
would have been a “quick fifteen-point study guide” could
very likely turn into a three-hour-long, TV-dazed catastrophie because the season finale of American Idol just flashed
onto the TV screen. A much more effective—and rewarding—plan of attack would be to delegate homework commitments ahead of a special event so that students can
participate in a long-awaited activity free from the burden of
a looming assignment.
Likely enough, the quality of work students effect will
be much higher and richfully insightful if a block of time
can be stowed away for disciplined use. It seems to be common sense that a persuasive essay on Cold War policies
would be crafted much more masterfully if a student’s brain
wasn’t bouncing between Stalin, a best friend’s date crisis,
SALT I Accords, Mom yelling to set the dinner table, and
presidential influences in the 1960s. Slow down! So much
information that is so distantly related to each other cannot
possibly combine to earn a hardworking student an “A” on
an assignment. The time “saved” by “accomplishing” several tasks at once—if there even is a reduction in time—is
most definitely wiped out after a sullen-faced teenager is
forced to bring home a report card that represents negligent
schoolwork.
Moreover, multitasking is a bad habit that will be even
more difficult to break as one matriculates through college
and budding professionalism. On the job, attempting to finish two, three, or more jobs on a timely basis and with high
quality, no less, will be an exercise in futility. If an
employee couldn’t find the time to complete such tasks
before the crunch, what’s to say they will be successful now
that they have three vital duties to execute? Good luck with
that promotion.
The bottom line on multitasking is that today’s
teenagers are already overwhelmed in a world where technology and communications experiences exponential growth
each year. With a myriad of choices in front of them, it is
their duty to their futures that they finish essential tasks—
such as homework—before enjoying other such leisures and
pleasantries. In a world where quantity is exploding and
standards for quality rise with each passing year, humanity
as a whole has been forced to quickly rise to the occasion.
So, how much do you want success? Twitter and Facebook
will always be there, but will that Presidential Scholarship to
your first-choice Ivy League school wait indefinitely while
you forward one more e-mail?
Essays that earn a 6 demonstrate effective skill in
responding to the task. This essay opens with a broad context that juxtaposes examples of the variety of assignments
teens must complete with the technological distractions facing teens. The writer then critically describes the increasingly
hi-def, fast-paced scene that is modern American life and
acknowledges that although this world is fun and hip, when
teens focus too heavily on these distractions, something is
sacrificed.
The essay demonstrates complexity by exploring the
long-term implications of multitasking, arguing that it is a bad
habit that will be even more difficult to break as one matriculates through college and budding professionalism. The
writer suggests that by trying to juggle too many activities at
once, students will do poorly in all of them, and this trend will
have more negative consequences as students move into
adulthood. The writer also addresses some complications of
the issue by questioning whether multitasking even leads to
the kind of time-saving that its proponents claim it does (The
time “saved” by “accomplishing” several tasks at once—if
there even is a reduction in time—is most definitely wiped
out after a sullen-faced teenager is forced to bring home a
report card that represents negligent schoolwork.).
While the writer’s ideas are not developed evenly across
all the paragraphs, development overall is ample and persuasive. The writer elaborates upon general statements (the
quality of work students effect will be much higher and richfully insightful if a block of time can be stowed away) by
supporting them with specific details and hypothetical situations (a persuasive essay on Cold War policies would be
crafted much more masterfully if a student’s brain wasn’t
bouncing between Stalin, a best friend’s date crisis, SALT I
Accords, Mom yelling to set the dinner table, and presidential influences in the 1960s).
The essay’s organization is clear and grows organically
from the writer’s purpose: although the writer does not explicitly take a position in the introduction, the rhetorical question
that ends the paragraph implies the writer’s position, which is
then elaborated on over the course of the essay. Ideas are
logically sequenced. While some of the transitions between
paragraphs are somewhat predictable (Moreover, The bottom line), others are smoothly integrated, as in the transition
from the introduction into the first body paragraph (While it
seems that taking periodic breaks from study sessions and
school assignments … keeps students more focused and
able to finish homework at night, multitasking is not the same
action.). Both the introduction and conclusion are effective,
clear, and well developed, as the writer skillfully weaves in
specific details and rhetorical questions (So, how much do
you want success? Twitter and Facebook will always be
there, but will that Presidential Scholarship to your firstchoice Ivy League school wait indefinitely while you forward
one more e-mail?) while presenting and reiterating the
essay’s main ideas.
The essay shows a good command of language. The
essay’s varied sentence structures and precise word choice
(sullen-faced teenager, budding professionalism, exercise in
futility) allow the writer to maintain a critical tone throughout.
There are few errors in this essay, and the occasional usage
errors (richfully insightful) are too minor to be distracting.
71
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 72
TABLE 4
Calculating Your Combined English/Writing Score
• Finally, follow the English Test score row across and
the Writing subscore column down until the two meet.
Circle the Combined English/Writing score where the
row and column meet. (For example, for an English
Test score of 19 and a Writing subscore of 6, the
Combined English/Writing score is 18.)
4. Using the number you circled in the table below, write
your Combined English/Writing score here: ______.
(The highest possible Combined English/Writing score is
36 and the lowest possible score is 1.)
Complete these steps to calculate your Combined English/
Writing score for your practice tests.
1. Locate your scale score for the English Test on page 61
and enter it here: ______.
2. Enter your Writing Test score (1–6) here ______ and
double it to get your Writing subscore (2–12): _____
(If two people read and scored your Writing Test, add
those two scores to get your Writing subscore.)
3. Use the table below to find your Combined
English/Writing score.
• First, circle your ACT English Test score in the left
column.
• Second, circle your ACT Writing subscore at the top
of the table.
ACT English Test score
_________________
Writing subscore
_________________
Combined English/Writing Score
(from table below)
_______________
Combined English/Writing Scale Scores
English
Test
Score
Writing Subscore
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
1
2
2
3
4
5
5
6
7
8
8
9
10
10
11
12
13
13
14
15
16
16
17
18
18
19
20
21
21
22
23
24
24
25
26
26
2
3
3
4
5
6
6
7
8
9
9
10
11
11
12
13
14
14
15
16
17
17
18
19
19
20
21
22
22
23
24
25
25
26
27
27
3
4
4
5
6
7
7
8
9
9
10
11
12
12
13
14
15
15
16
17
17
18
19
20
20
21
22
23
23
24
25
25
26
27
28
28
4
5
5
6
7
7
8
9
10
10
11
12
13
13
14
15
16
16
17
18
18
19
20
21
21
22
23
24
24
25
26
26
27
28
29
29
5
6
6
7
8
8
9
10
11
11
12
13
14
14
15
16
16
17
18
19
19
20
21
22
22
23
24
24
25
26
27
27
28
29
30
30
6
6
7
8
9
9
10
11
12
12
13
14
14
15
16
17
17
18
19
20
20
21
22
23
23
24
25
25
26
27
28
28
29
30
31
31
7
7
8
9
10
10
11
12
13
13
14
15
15
16
17
18
18
19
20
21
21
22
23
23
24
25
26
26
27
28
29
29
30
31
31
32
8
8
9
10
11
11
12
13
13
14
15
16
16
17
18
19
19
20
21
21
22
23
24
24
25
26
27
27
28
29
30
30
31
32
32
33
9
9
10
11
12
12
13
14
14
15
16
17
17
18
19
20
20
21
22
22
23
24
25
25
26
27
28
28
29
30
30
31
32
33
33
34
10
10
11
12
12
13
14
15
15
16
17
18
18
19
20
20
21
22
23
23
24
25
26
26
27
28
28
29
30
31
31
32
33
34
34
35
11
11
12
13
13
14
15
16
16
17
18
19
19
20
21
21
22
23
24
24
25
26
27
27
28
29
29
30
31
32
32
33
34
35
35
36
72
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 73
You may wish to remove this sample answer document from the booklet to use in a practice test session for the four multiple-choice tests.
|
© 2012 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.
18097
Printed in U.S.A.
PAGE 1
011 215 13W Rev 1
IM-(A)188616-001:654321
The ACT PLUS WRITING 2012–2013 Answer Folder
®
A
NAME, MAILING ADDRESS, AND TELEPHONE
(Please print.)
Last Name
First Name
State/Province
ZIP/Postal Code
/
Area Code
Number
Country
ACT, Inc.—Confidential Restricted when data present.
ALL examinees must complete block A – please print.
Blocks B, C, and D are required for all examinees. Find
the MATCHING INFORMATION on your ticket or standby
document. Enter it EXACTLY the same way, even if any of the
information is missing or incorrect. Fill in the corresponding
ovals. If you do not complete these blocks to match your
previous information EXACTLY, your scores will be delayed up
to 8 weeks.
Block E: Fill in the oval ONLY if you are testing standby today.
Cut Here
MATCH
NAME
(First 5 letters
of last name)
C
D
MATCH NUMBER
\ \\\\
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BIRTH
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MI (Middle Initial)
House Number & Street (Apt. No.); or PO Box & No.; or RR & No.
City
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STANDBY
TESTING
Fill in the oval below
ONLY if you are testing
standby today.
\ Yes, I am testing
as a standby.
»
Do NOT
mark in
this shaded
area.
USE A SOFT LEAD NO. 2 PENCIL ONLY.
(Do NOT use a mechanical pencil, ink, ballpoint, correction fluid, or felt-tip pen.)
EXAMINEE STATEMENT, CERTIFICATION, AND SIGNATURE
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2. Copy the Certification shown below (only the text in italics) on the lines provided. Write in your normal handwriting.
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18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 74
|
PAGE 2
BOOKLET NUMBER
Marking Directions: Mark only one oval for
each question. Fill in response completely.
Erase errors cleanly without smudging.
Correct mark: \\\\
Do NOT use these incorrect or bad marks.
Incorrect marks: \\\\
Overlapping mark: \\\\
Cross-out mark: \\\\
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Mark is too light: \\\\
FORM
BE SURE TO FILL IN THE CORRECT FORM OVAL.
\ 62C
67C
\ 62E
64B
\
Print your
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3-character
\ 64D
Test Form in
\ 64F
the boxes
\ 65F
above and
\ 66D
fill in the
corresponding \ 67D
\ 68B
oval at the
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right.
TEST 1
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F \
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A \
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D
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F \
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A \
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F \
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A \
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A \
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A \
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A \
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F \
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A \
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65 \
F \
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A \
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A \
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69 \
F \
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A \
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F \
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A \
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F \
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A \
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A \
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11 \
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A \
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A \
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21 \
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A \
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23 \
F \
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A \
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25 \
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A \
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27 \
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A \
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E
29 \
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A \
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D \
E
31 \
F \
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K
32 \
A \
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C \
D \
E
33 \
F \
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K
34 \
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
35 \
F \
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K
36 \
A \
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D \
E
37 \
F \
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38 \
A \
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D \
E
39 \
F \
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40 \
A \
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E
41 \
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42 \
A \
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43 \
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A \
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45 \
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A \
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47 \
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48 \
A \
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D \
E
49 \
F \
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H \
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K
50 \
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
51 \
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
52 \
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
53 \
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
54 \
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
55 \
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
56 \
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
57 \
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
58 \
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
59 \
F \
G \
H \
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K
60 \
F \
G \
H \
J
8\
A \
B \
C \
D
9\
F \
G \
H \
J
10 \
A \
B \
C \
D
11 \
F \
G \
H \
J
12 \
A \
B \
C \
D
13 \
F \
G \
H \
J
14 \
A \
B \
C \
D
15 \
F \
G \
H \
J
16 \
A \
B \
C \
D
17 \
F \
G \
H \
J
18 \
A \
B \
C \
D
19 \
F \
G \
H \
J
20 \
A \
B \
C \
D
21 \
F \
G \
H \
J
22 \
A \
B \
C \
D
23 \
F \
G \
H \
J
24 \
A \
B \
C \
D
25 \
F \
G \
H \
J
26 \
A \
B \
C \
D
27 \
F \
G \
H \
J
28 \
A \
B \
C \
D
29 \
F \
G \
H \
J
30 \
A \
B \
C \
D
31 \
F \
G \
H \
J
32 \
A \
B \
C \
D
33 \
F \
G \
H \
J
34 \
A \
B \
C \
D
35 \
F \
G \
H \
J
36 \
A \
B \
C \
D
37 \
F \
G \
H \
J
38 \
A \
B \
C \
D
39 \
F \
G \
H \
J
40 \
F \
G \
H \
J
8\
A \
B \
C \
D
9\
F \
G \
H \
J
10 \
A \
B \
C \
D
11 \
F \
G \
H \
J
12 \
A \
B \
C \
D
13 \
F \
G \
H \
J
14 \
A \
B \
C \
D
15 \
F \
G \
H \
J
16 \
A \
B \
C \
D
17 \
F \
G \
H \
J
18 \
A \
B \
C \
D
19 \
F \
G \
H \
J
20 \
A \
B \
C \
D
21 \
F \
G \
H \
J
22 \
A \
B \
C \
D
23 \
F \
G \
H \
J
24 \
A \
B \
C \
D
25 \
F \
G \
H \
J
26 \
A \
B \
C \
D
27 \
F \
G \
H \
J
28 \
A \
B \
C \
D
29 \
F \
G \
H \
J
30 \
A \
B \
C \
D
31 \
F \
G \
H \
J
32 \
A \
B \
C \
D
33 \
F \
G \
H \
J
34 \
A \
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C \
D
35 \
F \
G \
H \
J
36 \
A \
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C \
D
37 \
F \
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H \
J
38 \
A \
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C \
D
39 \
F \
G \
H \
J
40 \
TEST 2
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
1\
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
2\
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
3\
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
4\
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
5\
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
6\
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
7\
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
8\
A \
B \
C \
D \
E
9\
F \
G \
H \
J \
K
10 \
TEST 3
A \
B \
C \
D
1\
F \
G \
H \
J
2\
A \
B \
C \
D
3\
F \
G \
H \
J
4\
A \
B \
C \
D
5\
F \
G \
H \
J
6\
A \
B \
C \
D
7\
TEST 4
A \
B \
C \
D
1\
F \
G \
H \
J
2\
A \
B \
C \
D
3\
F \
G \
H \
J
4\
A \
B \
C \
D
5\
F \
G \
H \
J
6\
A \
B \
C \
D
7\
ACT STUDENT REVIEW: The test administrator will give you instructions for completing this section.
Student Review: Your responses to these items will assist ACT
and your test center in providing the best possible conditions for
testing and planning for the future. Fill in the oval indicating your
response to each item printed on the back of your test booklet.
Yes
1\
2\
3\
4\
5\
74
No
\
\
\
\
\
Yes
6\
7\
8\
9\
10 \
No
\
\
\
\
\
Yes
11 \
12 \
13 \
14 \
15 \
No
\
\
\
\
\
18263 Preparing ACT 2012-13_5003 AAP Prep for ACT 6/8/12 9:35 AM Page 75
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