Aqua Cleer Advanced Drinking Water Systems

Aqua Cleer Advanced Drinking Water Systems
Culligan®
Aqua-Cleer®
Advanced
Drinking
Water
Systems
Owners
Guide
THANK YOU
AND WELCOME TO YOUR NEW WORLD OF BETTER LIVING WITH
CULLIGAN WATER.
Notice: Do not use with water that is microbiologically unsafe or of unknown quality without
adequate disinfection before or after the system. Systems certified for cyst reduction may be used
on disinfected water that may contain filterable cysts.
For installations in Massachusetts: Massachusetts Plumbing Code 248 CMR shall be adhered
to. Consult your licensed plumber for installation of this system. The use of saddle valves is
not permitted in Massachusetts.
Check with your public works department for applicable local plumbing and sanitation codes. Follow
your local codes if they differ from the standards used in this manual.
Operational, maintenance and replacement requirements are essential for this product to perform
properly. Talk to you Culligan dealer about a service and maintenance program to ensure your filters
are replaced in a timely manner and annual water tests are also recommended (especially on well
water) to ensure the system is functioning properly.
Culligan International Company
9399 West Higgins Road
Rosemont, Il. 60018
1-800-Culligan
www.culligan.com
Products manufactured and marketed by Culligan International Company (Culligan) and its affiliates
are protected by patents issued or pending in the United States and other countries. Culligan
reserves the right to change the specifications referred to in this literature at any time, without prior
notice. Culligan, Aqua Cleer, and Culligan Man are trademarks of Culligan International Company or
its affiliates.
About Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
How to Maintain Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Parts List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Performance Data Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Arsenic Fact Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23A
Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Service Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Table of
Contents
About
Chapter
Your
Heading
System
Thank you for choosing a Culligan Aqua-Cleer advanced drinking water system. Your new
system is designed to bring you years of deliciously crystal-clear Culligan water. The best
part is it comes right from the tap. No more lugging around bottles or waiting for pitchers
to slowly fill up. With your continuous supply of great tasting water, not only can you get
your 8 glasses a day but you can easily use it for cooking, coffee, juice, baby formula, ice
cubes, anything you use water with.
The important thing to remember is to change out your filters on a regular basis. The
quality of your water is only as good as the quality of your filters. Each filter is designed
to last for 500 gallons (roughly 6 months). Membranes will last longer if used with prefiltration. A flow monitor is available with your system to let you know when you have
consumed 500 gallons of water through your system. If you did not purchase one with your
system, you may consider asking your Culligan man about having one installed. Faucets
with reminder lights are also available.
System Specifications:
Filter Assembly
Standard Storage Tank
Medium Storage Tank
Large Storage Tank
13.8” wide x 4.2” deep x 15.5” high
9” diameter x 14” high
11” diameter x 14” high
15.5: diameter x 24” high
Storage Tank
Capacity
Standard
Medium
Large
2 gallons
3 gallons
9 gallons
Reverse Osmosis
Efficiency Rating
Standard
Medium
Large
16.86%
16.86%
16.86%
Reverse Osmosis
Recovery Rating
Standard
Medium
Large
33.49%
33.49%
33.49%
Dimensions
Filtration Options:
Sequence of Filtration
Type of Filtration
Specification
Sediment
5 micron
10 micron
25 micron
Carbon
Block
Granulated Active Carbon
Pre-Filtration
Reverse Osmosis
30 gpd
50 gpd
Nano Filtration
30 gpd
Membrane
Sequence of Filtration
Type of Filtration
Specification
Advanced Filtration
Total Defense
Arsenic
Perchlorate
Speciality Carbon Block
Specialty Media
Specialty Media
Post-Filtration
Carbon
Granulated Activated Carbon
Block
About Your
System (con’t)
Purpose of each level of filtration:
Pre-Filtration:
Pre-filtration for this system is used to remove large contaminants from the water before
they reach either the reverse osmosis or nano filtration membrane. The use of pre-filtration
cartridges helps extent the membrane’s life. There are two types of pre-filtration available
with this system: sediment filtration and carbon filtration.
Sediment Filtration: Sediment is defined as sand, dirt, silt, fine sand and or
coarse sand that can be found in many water supplies.
Carbon Filtration: Carbon is used to reduce chlorine taste and odor. Most people
often describe this taste as being slightly chemical or they equate their drinking
water to that of the local pool. Municipalities use chlorine to disinfect the water on
the way to your home. This is a necessary step to delivering safe water to your
home but depending on the level of chlorine by the time it reaches your home the
taste of your water may be unpalatable.
Membrane Technologies:
The Aqua-Cleer system can utilize two different membrane technologies; reverse osmosis
and nano filtration. Each one of these technologies use a tightly woven membrane that
acts as a barrier to contaminants. Water is pushed up against this membrane at pressure.
Depending on the weave of the membrane only a certain percentage of contaminants can
pass through. Reverse Osmosis can reduce up to 99% of contaminants. The reason you
may choose nano filtration versus reverse osmosis is often a question of taste. Some of
the things that give water its taste are minerals such as calcium and magnesium. A nano
filtration membrane will leave more of those minerals in the water.
Advanced Filtration:
The advanced filtration cartridges are specifically designed to reduce contaminants that
reverse osmosis membranes are not efficient in removing.
Total Defense:
The Total Defense cartridge should be added to your system to deal with lead, mercury,
chloramines, aesthetic chlorine taste and odor, cysts, Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)
and MTBE.
About Your
System (con’t)
•
•
•
•
•
•
Chloramines have a stronger taste and are more difficult to remove than
chlorine.
Mercury is a toxin that can cause kidney damage.
Lead is a toxin that can cause kidney problems or high blood pressure in
adults and developmental problems in children.
Cysts are a common cause of health issues. They can be found in some
municipal water sources but more often found in wells under the influence
of surface water.
VOC is a name given to a wide range of organic contaminants, some are
known to be carcinogenic.
MTBE was used in gasoline to reduce emissions and is considered
harmful.
Perchlorate:
Perchlorate is a by-product of munitions manufacturing (common in solid rocket fuel, road
flares, etc) that can be found in some water sources.
Arsenic:
Arsenic (As) is found naturally in some well water. Arsenic in water has no color, taste or
odor. It must be measured by a lab test. Public water utilities must have their water tested
for arsenic. You can get the result from your water utility. If you have your own well, you
can have the water tested by an accredited lab. The local health department or the state
environmental health agency can provide a list of certified labs. Culligan International
is one such lab. For more information please contact your local Culligan dealer. For
additional information about the arsenic in water can be found through the EPA’s
website at www.epa.gov/safewater/arsenic.html.
There are two forms of arsenic: pentavalent arsenic (As (V)) and trivalent arsenic
(As (III)). Special sampling procedures are needed to a lab to determine what type
and how much of each type of arsenic is in the water. In well water, arsenic may be
pentavalent, trivalent, or a combination of both. Reverse osmosis membranes are effective
at reducing pentavalent arsenic but not trivalent arsenic. The Arsenic specific cartridge was
specifically designed to reduce trivalent arsenic.
Installation
Chapter
Heading
Aqua-Cleer Faucet
Monitor Sensor
Drain
Drain Line
from Air Gap
to Drain (3/8” Tubing)
Cold Water Supply
Drain Connection
Feedline 1/4” Tubing
Monitor
Post Filter
1/4” Drain Line
to Air Gap in
Faucet
Ball Valve
Aqua-Cleer Manifold
3/8” Tubing to
Faucet Product Port
Tank
To Bottom Of RO Cartridge
Note: Install the drain line so that it runs downward with no loops or low spots. Otherwise the unit
will overflow at the air gap siphon break built into the faucet, or make irritating gurgling sounds. The
1/4” concentrate line that leads to the faucet should be installed in a straight vertical path to avoid
making a gurgling noise.
This owner’s guide provides visual assembly reference only. Since specialized
skills are required in the assembly of the drinking water system, we recommend
that you contact your local independently operated Culligan dealer to complete this
installation.
Select Component Installation Locations
Dispenser Faucet
The Culligan® faucet is designed to be mounted on the rear lip of the sink. It may
be installed in an existing sprayer attachment hole or in a hole drilled at the time of
installation. It may also be mounted to an adjacent counter top. It should be positioned
so that water is dispensed over the sink. A minimum 1-1/4” diameter hole is required.
When installing the Aqua-Cleer® water quality monitor, refer to the installation instructions
packaged with the monitor. Make certain the TDS level and/or gallons setting correspond
to the desired water supply.
Installation
(con’t)
Important considerations:
• Access to the bottom (under sink) of the faucet is required for attachment of
product water line.
• The faucet can be installed for left- or right-handed operation.
• There should be no under sink obstructions which would prevent smooth tubing
runs to the drain connection, carbon post-filter, or RO module assembly.
Filter System Assembly
The filter system assembly is designed to be mounted on any rigid vertical surface such
as a cabinet sidewall, sheetrock or exposed stud. It should be positioned such that there
is access to an inlet water source and drain. The installation should also allow convenient
access for servicing.
Inlet Water Supply Connection
Once a location is chosen for installation of the filter system assembly, select a nearby
cold water line to provide the water source for the system. For under sink installations, the
cold water faucet line can usually be tapped.
The Reservoir Tank
Position the reservoir tank near the faucet for optimum customer convenience. The
standard and medium reservoir tank will weigh about 28 pounds (13 kg) when full of water,
so it must be positioned on a stand or held securely by the optional mounting bracket.
The reservoir operates best in the vertical position, but it will operate on its side. However,
air will not escape readily and foaming may occur at the faucet nozzle. This should be
explained to the customer prior to installation.
Drain Connection
The most convenient entry to the drain is directly above the P-trap of the kitchen sink.
However, the concentrate water from the system can be connected to adjacent sinks or
a floor drain. Extra care should be taken when entering drains near dishwashers or food
waste disposals as back flow may occur through the air gap and cause flooding. See
plumbing diagram on page 7 for proper air gap installation to waste connection.
Installation of Filter System Assembly
The mounting bracket contains three mounting slots. The holes are sized to accept #10
round head wood screws (not supplied). Some types of surfaces such as particle board
or drywall may require the use of plastic screw
anchors or toggle bolts to provide adequate
support for the unit.
Install Filter Cartridges
1. Lightly lubricate the cartridge O-ring with
silicone lube and insert the sediment filter
cartridge into the manifold.
2. Twist the cartridge to lock it into the manifold.
See Figure 2.
Locked
Position
Unlocked
Position
Figure 2
3. Repeat steps 1-3 and install the flushed activated carbon filter cartridge into housing
and the RO membrane element. Be sure the drain adapter is in place.
Installation
(con’t)
Note:
1) The RO cartridge must be
inserted into the 2nd, 3rd, or 4th
position on the RO manifold.
2) If only three cartridges are to
be inserted into the manifold, the
bypass plug cartridge must be
inserted in the 4th position. See
Figure 3.
Factors Which Affect
Performance
Performance of the reverse osmosis
membrane is affected by several
factors which must be considered
when judging the condition of the
system. The main factors which affect
system performance are pressure,
temperature, total dissolved solids
level, recovery and pH.
Figure 3
Pressure
Water pressure affects both the quantity and quality of the water produced by the RO
membrane. Generally, the more water pressure, the better the performance of the system.
Be careful not to exceed 120 psi, the maximum operating pressure of the Aqua-Cleer
system.
Temperature
The reverse osmosis process slows with decreasing temperature. To compensate,
a temperature correction factor is used to adjust the actual performance of the RO
membrane filter to the standard temperature of 77°F (25°C). This allows the performance
of the unit to be accurately gauged against Culligan’s published standards. Temperature
does not affect the concentrate flow rate.
Total Dissolved Solids
The minimum driving force which is necessary to stop or reverse the natural osmosis
process is termed osmotic pressure. As the total dissolved solids level of the feed water
increases, the amount of osmotic pressure increases and acts as back pressure against
the reverse osmosis process. Osmotic pressure becomes significant at TDS levels above
500 mg/L (ppm).
Hardness
Hardness is the most common membrane foulant. If ignored, this relatively harmless
Installation
(con’t)
component of feed water will plug a membrane over time. Use of a softener will reduce
the fouling effect on a membrane. One way to detect too much hardness in the feed water
is the weight of a membrane installed for a period of time. A fouled membrane (dried)
will weigh significantly more than a new membrane. The increase in weight is a result of
precipitated hardness inside the membrane.
Iron
Iron is another common membrane foulant. There are a variety of types of iron, some
of which cannot be removed by an iron filter. Clear water iron can be removed more
effectively by a softener. Particulate iron can be removed more effectively by a 1 micron
filter. Organic-bound iron can be removed only by activated carbon or macroporous anion
resin. If there is enough iron to exceed the EPA secondary drinking water standard and
softening the water is not an option and the iron is soluble, then an iron filter is appropriate.
If none of these are an option then regular replacement of membranes will have to
be accepted.
Product Water Recovery
Product water recovery plays an important role in determining membrane and system
performance. Recovery refers to the amount of water produced in relation to the amount of
water sent to drain. The standard calculation is:
% Recovery = Product Water ÷ (Product Water + Waste Water) x 100
The Aqua-Cleer uses a flow control assembly to restrict the flow of waste water to the
drain. This restriction helps maintain pressure against the membrane. The sizing of the
flow control assembly determines the recovery rating of the system. The Aqua-Cleer is
manufactured with a recovery rating designed to be around 30% -40%. Depending on
temperature, pressure and tolerances the actual recovery value may be slightly different
for each system.
10
To keep the Aqua-Cleer® system operating properly, it is necessary to change the filters
and sanitize the system periodically. Typically, this should be done on an annual basis.
Service frequency may vary depending on local water conditions. High sediment, chlorine,
turbidity, or hardness levels may require more frequent service. Use the following as
a guide.
How to
Chapter
Heading Your
Maintain
System
As needed:
Clean the faucet with a soft cloth, avoid abrasive cleaners
It is recommended that you do the following annually:
1. Sanitize the System
2. Replace:
• Sediment Filter
• Activated Carbon Filter
• Polishing Filter
• Any Advanced Filtration Cartridge
3. Check:
• RO Membrane
• Flow control assembly
• TDS Reduction Performance
• Flow Rates (including air gap)
• Drain tubing for back-up
NOTE:
The activated carbon, reverse osmosis, and polishing filter cartridges must be conditioned
as follows prior to installation into the Aqua-Cleer system. Your Culligan man will do these
important procedures at the time of purchase.
• Activated Carbon Cartridge - 10 minute flush to remove carbon dust
• RO Membrane - Minimum 24 hour flush to remove preservative solution
• Polishing Filter - 10 minute flush to remove carbon dust
Perform the following steps in the order shown to sanitize
your system
It is recommended to have your local Culligan dealer perform the sanitization process.
Your local Culligan man has been specifically trained to test the water quality and
efficiency of the system in order to determine when the RO membrane should be replaced
and ensure the system is working properly.
11
How to
Maintain Your
System (con’t)
Preliminary Steps:
1. Check for any leaks that may exist from tubing connections or the faucet.
2. Check for flow to the drain. If flowing, close tank shut-off so you can check auto shut-off
operation
3. Test and record product TDS from faucet. Also observe if faucet stem is stiff to move.
4. Test and record feed TDS, and then calculate rejection percentage.
5. If rejection is acceptable - Shut off storage tank, remove tank supply tubing to collect
and record product flow, and water temperature.
6. Record feed pressure if needed by attaching a pressure gauge to feed line. Use the
recorded feed pressure and water temperature to check product flow rate against the
supplied chart. Membrane okay? Low production could be the result of partially plugged
prefilters. If so retest after filters are changed.
7. With feed line off begin draining tank.
The Aqua-Cleer RO manifold assembly may be sanitized with 5-1/4% liquid chlorine
unscented bleach.
1. Shut off water supply then remove all filters. Put bypass plugs in ports 2, 3 and 4.
2. Pour two tablespoons liquid chlorine bleach into the sanitizer cartridge and place in
port 1.
3. Turn on the water supply valve and the RO faucet to allow the system to fill with
water. Allow the water to flow through until the entire system for about 10 minutes
or until the sanitizing solution is through.
4. Install new filters, including the post carbon filter, and membrane if needed, or
reuse existing membrane. Some filters require flushing before use to remove dust
and fines. If an in-plant flush was not performed, use the single head assembly to
perform this using the feed line and drain lines available. Don’t flush using the
RO manifold.
5. Replace the battery in the quality monitor if applicable.
6. Discard the first glass of water from the faucet.
7. Thoroughly check for leaks.
12
Parts List
Chapter
Heading
6
9
11
1
8
10
3/8” Outlet
1/4” Inlet
7
5
4
3
2
Item
Description
1
Manifold Assembly
2
5 Micron Sediment Filter
10 Micron Sediment Filter
25 Micron Sediment Filter
3
Carbon Block Filter
Granular Activated Carbon Filter
4
30 GPD Reverse Osmosis Membrane
50 GPD Reverse Osmosis Membrane
Nanofiltration Reverse Osmosis Membrane
5
Arsenic Filter
Perchlorate Filter
Carbon Block Filter (MTBE, VOC)
Purifier Cartridge
Healthy Cartridge (Add Calcium & Magnesium back into water for better taste)
6
Post Carbon Filter
7
Flow Control
8
Automatic Shut-off Valve
9
Faucet
10
2 Gallon Storage Tank
3 Gallon Storage Tank
9 Gallon Storage Tank
11
*
Ball Valve
Monitor (Not Shown)
13
Performance
Chapter
Data
Heading
Sheet
Important Notice: Read this Performance Data Sheet and compare the capabilities
of this system with your actual water treatment needs. It is recommended that, before
installing a water treatment system, you have your water supply tested to determine your
actual water treatment needs.
Culligan knows the more informed you are about your water treatment systems, the more
confident you will be about its performance. It’s because of this and more than seventy
years of commitment to customer satisfaction that Culligan is providing this Performance
Data Sheet to its customers.
Company: Culligan International Company
9399 West Higgins Road, Suite 1100
Rosemont, IL 60018 USA
(847) 430-2800
Product: Culligan Aqua-Cleer Advanced Drinking Water Systems
Use Guidelines:
• Working Pressure: 40 – 120 psig (280-827 kPa)
• Do not allow exposure to temperature below 33°F (1°C)
• Maximum operating temperature: 100°F (38°C)
• These systems must be installed according to local plumbing codes on the cold
water line.
• This system requires regular replacement of all filters to maintain proper operation.
Depending on usage and influent water quality, the carbon and particulate filters
should be changed at least annually and the reverse osmosis membrane should
be replaced every 3-5 years. Varying chlorine, sediment or TDS levels may affect
replacement frequency.
CAUTION! Do not use with water that is microbiologically unsafe
or of unknown quality without adequate disinfection before or after
the system. Systems certified for cyst reduction may be used on
disinfected water that may contain filterable cysts.
14
Substance Removal
CB The CB has been tested according to NSF/ANSI 42 for the reduction of the substances
listed below. The concentration of the indicated substances in the water entering the
system was reduced to a concentration less than or equal to the permissible limit for water
leaving the system, as specified in NSF/ANSI 42.
Substance
Influent
Challenge
Concentration
Maximum
Permissible
Product water
Concentration
Reduction
Requirements
Minimum
Reduction
Average
Reduction
>50%
97.4%
97.4%
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
Standard 42
Chlorine
2.0 mg/L ± 10%
Flow Rate = 0.5 gpm (1.89 Lpm)
Capacity = 1000 gallons (3786 L)
Testing was performed under standard laboratory conditions, actual performance may vary.
GAC
The GAC has been tested according to NSF/ANSI 42 for the reduction of the substances
listed below. The concentration of the indicated substances in the water entering the
system was reduced to a concentration less than or equal to the permissible limit for water
leaving the system, as specified in NSF/ANSI 42.
Substance
Influent
Challenge
Concentration
Maximum
Permissible
Product water
Concentration
Reduction
Requirements
Minimum
Reduction
Average
Reduction
>50%
53.4%
75.4%
Standard 42
Chlorine
2.0 mg/L ± 10%
Flow Rate = 0.5 gpm (1.89 Lpm)
Capacity = 1000 gallons (3786 L)
Testing was performed under standard laboratory conditions, actual performance may vary.
15
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
Total Defense (TD)
The Total Defense has been tested according to NSF/ANSI 42 and 53 for the reduction of
the substances listed below. The concentration of the indicated substances in the water
entering the system was reduced to a concentration less than or equal to the permissible
limit for water leaving the system, as specified in NSF/ANSI 42 and 53.
Substance
Influent
Challenge
Concentration
Maximum
Permissible
Product water
Concentration
Reduction
Requirements
Minimum
Reduction
Average
Reduction
>50%
96.2%
97.0%
97.6%
98.0%
99.9%
99.9%
96.8%
96.9%
99.95%
99.99%
Standard 42
Chlorine
2.0 mg/L + 10%
Chloramines
3.0 mg/L + 10%
Particulate
(0.5 - < um)
Class I
At least 10,000
particles/mL
0.5 mg/L
>85%
Standard 53
MTBE
0.015 + 20%
Cyst
Minimum
50,000/L
t
0.005 mg/L
99.95%
Turbidity
11 mg/L + 1
NTU
0.5 NTU
96.6%
98.0%
Lead
(pH 6.5)
0.015 mg/L +
10%
0.010 mg/L
99.3%
99.3%
Lead
(pH 8.5)
0.015 mg/L +
10%
0.010 mg/L
94.1%
97.6%
Mercury
(pH 6.5)
0.006 mg/L +
10%
0.002 mg/L
96.7%
96.7%
Mercury
(pH 8.5)
0.006 mg/L +
10%
0.002 mg/L
96.6%
96.6%
Chloroform (VOC
surrogate
chemical)
0.300 mg/L +
10%
0.015 mg/L
99.8%
99.8%
Flow Rate = 0.5 gpm (1.89 Lpm)
Capacity = 500 gallons (1893 L)
t
Based on the use of microspheres or Cryptospordium parvum oocysts
Testing was performed under standard laboratory conditions, actual performance may vary.
16
Organic Chemicals Included in Surrogate Testing:
Applies to Total Defense (TD) only.
Substance
Influent Challenge
Concentration mg/L
Maximum
permissible product water
concentration mg/L
Alachor
0.050
0.001
Atrazine
0.100
0.003
Benzene
0.081
0.001
Carbofuran
0.190
0.001
Carbon Tetrachloride
0.078
0.002
Chlorbenzene
0.077
0.001
Chlorpicrin
0.015
0.000
2,4-d
0.110
0.002
Dibromochloropropane (Dbcp)
0.052
0.000
O-Dichlorobenzene
0.080
0.001
P-Dichlorobenzene
0.040
0.001
1,2-Dichloroethane
0.088
0.005
1,1-Dichloroethylene
0.083
0.001
Cis-1,2-Dichloroethylene
0.170
0.001
Trans-1,2-Dichloroethylene
0.086
0.001
1,2-Dichloropropane
0.080
0.001
Cis-1,3-Dichloropropylene
0.079
0.001
Dinoseb
0.170
0.000
Endrin
0.053
0.001
Ethylbenzene
0.088
0.001
Ethylene Dibromide (Edb)
0.044
0.000
Bromochloroacetonitrile
0.022
0.001
Dibromoacetonitrile
0.024
0.001
Dichloroacetonitrile
0.001
0.000
Trichloracetonitrile
0.015
0.000
1,1-Dichloro-2-propane
0.007
0.000
1,1,1-Trichloro-2-propane
0.008
0.000
Heptachlor
0.250
0.000
Heptachlor Epoxide
0.011
0.000
Hexachlorobutadiene
0.044
0.001
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
0.060
0.000
Lindane
0.055
0.000
Methoxychlor
0.050
0.000
Pentachloophenol
0.096
0.001
Simazine
0.120
0.004
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
Haloacetonitriles (Han):
Haloketones (Hk):
17
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
Organic Chemicals Included in Surrogate Testing (Continued):
Applies to Total Defense (TD) only.
Substance
Influent Challenge
Concentration mg/L
Maximum
permissible product water
concentration mg/L
Styrene
0.150
0.001
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
0.081
0.001
Tetrachloroethlene
0.081
0.001
Toluene
0.078
0.001
2,4,5-tp (Silvex)
0.270
0.002
Tribromoacetic Acid
0.042
0.001
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
0.160
0.001
1,1,1-Trichloroethane
0.084
0.005
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
0.150
0.001
Trichloroethylene
0.180
0.001
0.300
0.015
0.070
0.001
Trihalomethanes (Includes):
Chloroform (Surrogate Chemical)
Bromoform
Bromodichloromethane
Chlorodibromomethane
Xylenes (Total)
Substance Removal
NF30
The NF30 has been tested according to NSF/ANSI 53 for the reduction of the substances
listed below. The concentration of the indicated substances in the water entering the
system was reduced to a concentration less than or equal to the permissible limit for water
leaving the system, as specified in NSF/ANSI 53.
Influent
Challenge
Concentration
mg/L
Maximum
Permissible
Reduction
Minimum Average
Product Water
Requirements Reduction Reduction
Concentration mg/L
Pentavalent
Arsenic pH 6.5
0.050 +/- 10%
0.010
93.8%
96.0%
Pentavalent
Arsenic pH 8.5
0.050 +/- 10%
0.010
91.6%
93.0%
Cystt
Minimum
50,000/L
99.95%
99.99%
Substance
Standard 53
99.95%
Testing was performed under standard laboratory conditions, actual performance may vary
t
Based on the use of microspheres or Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts
18
RO30 This system has been tested according to NSF/ANSI 58 for the reduction of the
substances listed below. The concentration of the indicated substances in water entering
the system was reduced to a concentration less than or equal to the permissible limit for
water leaving the system, as specified in NSF/ANSI 58.
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
This system is acceptable for treatment of influent concentrations of no more than 27 mg/L
nitrate and 3 mg/L nitrite in combination measured as N and is certified for nitrate/nitrite
reduction only for water supplies with a pressure of 280 kPa (40 psig) or greater.
Substance Removal1
Substance
Influent
Challenge
Concentration
mg/L
Maximum
Permissible
Product
water Concentration
mg/L
Arsenic (Pentavalent)2
0.050 +/- 10%
0.01
Barium
10.0 +/- 10%
2
93.8%
Cadmium
0.03 +/- 10%
0.005
98.7%
Hexavalent Chromium
0.30 +/- 10%
0.05
91.2%
Trivalent Chromium
0.30 +/- 10%
0.05
94.8%
Copper
3.00 +/- 10%
1.3
98.9%
Fluoride
8.0 +/- 10%
1.5
95.6%
Lead
0.15 +/- 10%
0.010
Nitrate/Nitrite (both as N)
30 +/- 10%
Nitrate
27.0 +/- 10%
3.0 +/- 10%
25pCi/L +/- 10%
5pCi/L
Selenium
0.10 +/- 10%
0.05
Cyst4
>50,000/mL
Turbidity
11 +/- 1 NTU
5
Nitrite
Radium 226/228
3
Reduction
Requirements
Minimum
Reduction
Average
Reduction
97.4%
98.7%
82.8%
86.4%
10.0
82.7%
86.5%
1.0
80.9%
84.7%
80.0%
96.0%
99.95%
0.5 NTU
99.99%
99.99%
99.00%
1 While testing was performed under standard laboratory conditions, actual performance ay vary depending on water pressure, temperatures and
other substances, which may be found in your water.
2 This system has been tested for the treatment of water containing pentavalent arsenic (also known as As(V), As(+5) or arsenate) at concentrations
of 0.050 mg/L or less. This system reduces pentavalent arsenic, but may not remove other forms of arsenic. This system is to be used on water
supplies containing a detectable free chlorine residual at the system inlet or on water supplies that have been demonstrated to contain only pentavalent arsenic. Treatment with chloramines (combined chlorine) is not sufficient to ensure complete conversion of trivalent arsenic to pentavalent
arsenic. Please see the Arsenic Facts Sheet for further information.
3 Based upon testing methods using Barium as a surrogate. All concentrations in pCi/L pico curie/L.
4 Includes Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolyca and Cryptosporidium.
5 Units are not certified on water supplies with a pressure less than 40 psi (280 kPa). A booster pump is strongly recommended.
19
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
Inside
Text
RO50
This system has been tested according to NSF/ANSI 58 for the reduction of the
substances listed below. The concentration of the indicated substances in water entering
the system was reduced to a concentration less than or equal to the permissible limit for
water leaving the system, as specified in NSF/ANSI 58.
This system is acceptable for treatment of influent concentrations of no more than 27 mg/L
nitrate and 3 mg/L nitrite in combination measured as N and is certified for nitrate/nitrite
reduction only for water supplies with a pressure of 280 kPa (40 psig) or greater.
Substance Removal1 Substance
Influent Challenge Maximum
Concentration
Permissible
mg/L
Product water
Concentration
mg/L
Reduction
Requirements
Minimum
Reduction
Average
Reduction
Arsenic
(Pentavalent)2
0.050 +/- 10%
0.01
99.3%
Barium
10.0 +/- 10%
2
98.5%
Cadmium
0.03 +/- 10%
0.005
98.1%
Hexavalent
Chromium
0.30 +/- 10%
0.05
97.7%
Trivalent
Chromium
0.30 +/- 10%
0.05
99.0%
Copper
3.00 +/- 10%
1.3
98.7%
Fluoride
8.0 +/- 10%
1.5
95.5%
Lead
0.15 +/- 10%
0.010
98.1%
Nitrate/Nitrite
30 +/- 10%
Nitrate5
27.0 +/- 10%
Nitrite
65.9%
68.9%
10.0
66.2%
68.5%
3.0 +/- 10%
1.0
65.5%
69.8%
Radium
226/2283
25pCi/L +/- 10%
5pCi/L
80.0%
Selenium
0.10 +/- 10%
0.05
94.0%
Cyst
>50,000/mL
Turbidity
11 +/- 1 NTU
(both as N)
4
99.95%
0.5 NTU
99.99%
99.99%
99.3%
1 While testing was performed under standard laboratory conditions, actual performance ay vary depending on water pressure,
temperatures and other substances, which may be found in your water.
2 This system has been tested for the treatment of water containing pentavalent arsenic (also known as As(V), As(+5) or
arsenate) at concentrations of 0.050 mg/L or less. This system reduces pentavalent arsenic, but may not remove other forms
of arsenic. This system is to be used on water supplies containing a detectable free chlorine residual at the system inlet or
on water supplies that have been demonstrated to contain only pentavalent arsenic. Treatment with chloramines (combined
chlorine) is not sufficient to ensure complete conversion of trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic. Please see the Arsenic
Facts Sheet for further information.
3 Based upon testing methods using Barium as a surrogate. All concentrations in pCi/L pico curie/L.
4 Includes Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolyca and Cryptosporidium.
5 Units are not certified on water supplies with a pressure less than 40 psi (280 kPa). A booster pump is strongly recommended.
20
Output (Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Reduction and Output Production)1 – RO30
Tank Size
2 gallon
3 gallon
9 gallon
Product System Daily Prod. Rate To Pressurized Storage
Tank
11.09 gpd
11.09 gpd
11.09 gpd
Prod. Rate without Storage Tank To Atmosphere
36 gpd
36 gpd
36 gpd
Efficiency Rating2
16.86%
16.86%
16.86%
Recovery Rating
28.84%
28.84%
28.84%
Influent Challenge Concentration (Mg/L)
770
770
770
Max. Permissible Product Water Concentration (Mg/L)
187
187
187
Minimum Percent Removal
93.1%
93.1%
93.1%
Average Percent Removal
95.4%
95.4%
95.4%
3
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
1 This is a factory specification for membrane production. Actual production rate and TDS rejection will depend on temperature, water pressure, TDS
level, membrane variation and usage pattern.
2 Efficiency rating means the percentage of the influent water to the system that is available to the user are reverse osmosis treated water under
operating conditions that approximate daily usage.
3 Recovery rating means the percentage of the influent water to the membrane portion of the system that is available to the user as reverse osmosis
treated water when the system is operated without a storage tank or when the storage tank is bypassed.
Output (Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Reduction and Output Production)1 – RO50
Tank Size
2 gallon
3 gallon
9 gallon
Product System Daily Prod. Rate To Pressurized Storage
Tank
16.16 gpd
16.16 gpd
16.16 gpd
Prod. Rate without Storage Tank To Atmosphere
50 gpd
50 gpd
50 gpd
Efficiency Rating
2
18.98%
18.98%
18.98%
Recovery Rating3
31.37%
31.37%
31.37%
Influent Challenge Concentration (Mg/L)
770
770
770
Max. Permissible Product Water Concentration (Mg/L)
187
187
187
Minimum Percent Removal
86.6%
86.6%
86.6%
Average Percent Removal
92.3%
92.3%
92.3%
1 This is a factory specification for membrane production. Actual production rate and TDS rejection will depend on temperature, water pressure, TDS
level, membrane variation and usage pattern.
2 Efficiency rating means the percentage of the influent water to the system that is available to the user are reverse osmosis treated water under
operating conditions that approximate daily usage.
3 Recovery rating means the percentage of the influent water to the membrane portion of the system that is available to the user as reverse osmosis
treated water when the system is operated without a storage tank or when the storage tank is bypassed.
Testing Conditions (Complete System)
Temperature: 77º F + 2º F
pH: 7.5 + 0.5
Pressure: 50 psi
Turbidity: <1 NTU
This system has been tested and shown to operate at its calculated recovery rating under
standard laboratory conditions.
This reverse osmosis system contains a replaceable component critical to the efficiency
of the system. Replacement of the reverse osmosis component should be with one of
identical specifications, as defined by the manufacturer, to assure the same efficiency and
contaminant reduction performance. 21
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22
•
INDE
D
TIFIE
ND
PE E
ER
•
D
INDE
LY
NT
ER
• C
The Aqua-Cleer Advanced Drinking Water System with TD
cartridge has been tested and certified by NSF International
against NSF/ANSI Standard 53 for the effective reduction of
Cyst, Lead, Mercury, VOC, MTBE and Turbidity.
LY
NT
Performance
Data Sheet
(con’t)
ND
PE E
• C
The Aqua-Cleer Advanced Drinking Water System with
CB or GAC cartridge has been tested and certified by NSF
International against NSF/ANSI Standard 42 for the effective
reduction of aesthetic Chlorine Taste and Odor, the TD cartridge
for the effective reduction of aesthetic Chlorine Taste and Odor
and Nominal Particulate Class 1.
TIFIE
•
• C
ER
D
INDE
LY
NT
ND
PE E
TIFIE
The Aqua-Cleer Advanced Drinking Water System with RO30 or RO50 has been tested
and certified by NSF International against NSF/ANSI Standard 58 for the effective
reduction of TDS, pentavalent arsenic, barium, cadmium, hexavalent and trivalent
chromium, copper, lead, nitrate/nitrite, radium 226/228 and selenium. The concentration
of the indicated substances in water entering the system was reduced to a concentration
less than or equal to the permissible limit for water leaving the system as specified in
NSF/ANSI 58.
The Aqua-Cleer Advanced Drinking Water System with NF30 has been tested and
certified by NSF International against NSF/ANSI Standard 53 for the effective reduction
of pentavalent arsenic and cysts.
Refer to your Installation and Operating Instructions and printed limited Warranties for
more specific product information. To avoid contamination from improper handling and
installation, your system should only be installed and serviced by your Culligan Man.
Performance will vary based on local water conditions. The substances reduced by these
systems are not necessarily in your water.
23
Chapter
Arsenic
Heading
Fact Sheet
Arsenic
(abbreviated As) is found naturally in some well water. Arsenic in water has no
Inside Text
color, taste or odor. It must be measured by a lab test. Public water utilities must have
their water tested for arsenic. You can get the results from your water utility. If you have
your own well, you can have the water tested. The local health department or the state
environmental health agency can provide a list of certified labs. The cost is typically
$15 - $30. Information about arsenic in water can be found on the internet at the US
Environmental Protection Agency website:
www.epa.gov/safe water/arsenic.html.
There are two forms of arsenic: pentavalent arsenic (also called As (v), As (+5), and
arsenate) and trivalent arsenic (also called As (III), As (+3), and arsenite). In well water,
arsenic may be pentavalent, trivalent, or a combination of both. Special sampling
procedures are needed for a lab to determine what type and how much of each type of
arsenic is in the water. Check with the labs in your area to see if they can provide this type
of service.
Reverse osmosis (RO) water treatment systems do not remove trivalent arsenic from water
very well. RO systems are very effective at removing pentavalent arsenic. A free chlorine
residual will rapidly convert trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic. Other water treatment
chemicals such as ozone and potassium permanganate will also change trivalent arsenic to
pentavalent arsenic. A combined chlorine residual (also called chloramine) may not convert
all the trivalent arsenic. If you get water from a public water utility, contact the utility to find
out if free chlorine or combined chlorine is used in the water system.
The Aqua-Cleer system is designed to remove pentavalent arsenic. It will not convert
trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic. The system was tested in a lab. Under those
conditions, the system reduced 0.050 mg/L (ppm) pentavalent arsenic to 0.010 mg/L (ppm)
(the USEPA standard for drinking water) or less. The performance of the system may
be different at your installation. Have the treated water tested for arsenic to check if the
system is working properly.
The RO component of the Aqua-Cleer system must be replaced every 3-5 years to
ensure the system will continue to remove pentavalent arsenic. The component
identification and locations where you can purchase the component are listed in the
installation/operation manual.
The system has been tested for the treatment of water containing pentavalent arsenic (also
known as As (V), As (III), or arsenate) at concentrations of 0.050 mg/L or less. This system
reduces pentavalent arsenic, but may not remove other forms of arsenic. This system is
to be used on water supplies containing a detectable free chlorine residual or on water
supplies that have been demonstrated to contain only pentavalent arsenic. Treatment with
chloramine (combined chlorine) is not sufficient to ensure complete conversion of trivalent
arsenic to pentavalent arsenic. Please see the Arsenic Fact section of the Performance
data Sheet for further information.
23A
Arsenic (As) is a naturally occurring contaminant found in many ground waters. It generally
occurs in two forms (valences or oxidation states): pentavalent arsenic (also known as
As(V), As(+5), and arsenate) and trivalent arsenic (also known as As(III), As(+3), and
arsenite). In natural ground water, arsenic may exist as trivalent arsenic, pentavalent
arsenic, or a combination of both. More information about arsenic and its toxicity can be
found at the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Toxicological Profile
on Arsenic website at http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/phs2.html, and at the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency website at http://www.epa.gov/safewater/arsenic.html.
Chapter
Arsenic
Heading
Fact Sheet
(con’t)
Arsenic does not generally impart color, taste, or smell to water; therefore, it can only
be detected by a chemical analytical test. Public water supplies are required to monitor
delivered water for arsenic (trivalent arsenic plus pentavalent arsenic) and the results
are available to the public from the utility. Consumers using private water sources will
need to make arrangements for testing. An arsenic test usually costs about $15-30,
and it is recommended that the test be conducted by a certified laboratory. Local health
departments or environmental protection agencies can help provide consumers with a list
of certified laboratories. Some laboratories may also be able to analyze specifically for
(speciate) the form(s) of arsenic present in a water sample if requested.
The Aqua-Cleer system with AS3 following an RO is designed to reduce arsenic: both
pentavalent and trivalent forms of arsenic. This treatment system was tested under
laboratory condition as defined in NSF/ANSI 53 Drinking Water Treatment Units - Health
Effects and was found to reduce [influent arsenic challenge concentration 0.050 mg/L]
arsenic consisting of either pentavalent or trivalent arsenic in the test water to less than
0.010 mg/L, for [tested treatment capacity] gallons of delivered water, the life of the system
under standard testing conditions. Actual performance of the system may vary depending
on specific water quality conditions at the consumer’s installation. Following installation of
this system, the consumer should have the treated water tested for arsenic to verify that
arsenic reduction is being achieved and the system is functioning properly.
The arsenic removal component of this system must be replace at the end of its useful life
of 1,000 gallons. The replacement components, AS3, RO30, RO50 can be purchased from
your local Culligan dealer.
24
Troubleshooting
Guide
Inside Text
Water Volume and Quality
Symptom
Condition
Action
No product water
Water supply is turned OFF
Turn water ON
Cartridge or bypass plug is
not in place
Low water pressure
Make sure every cartridge position is
filled
Check source water line pressure
Inlet water supply valve is
blocked
Clear restriction
Storage tank valve is closed
Open storage tank valve
Storage tank is depleted
Increase product water storage capacity
and/or install membrane with higher
output rating
Clogged pre-filter cartridge(s)
Replace pre-filter cartridge(s)
Storage tank air pressure
charge is low
Empty water from storage tank (product
water faucet must remain open while
adjusting pressure) and adjust pressure
to 55 kPa (8 psig)
System does not shut off
Shut-off valve is not closing
Contact your Culligan® Dealer
No drain water when
system is on
Clogged flow control
Replace flow control (Item 6) in parts list
and contact your Culligan® Dealer
Water has offensive taste
and/or odor
Carbon post-filter is depleted
Drain storage tank, sanitize system and
replace carbon post-filter cartridge
Membrane depleted or fouled
Quality Monitor reads yellow, or if TDS
test is unsatisfactory, drain storage tank,
sanitize system and replace membrane
Sanitizer not flushed out
Drain storage tank and let it refill
overnight
Not enough product
water
25
Leakage
Symptom
Probable Cause
Solution
Leak at fitting
Tubing not pushed completely into fitting
Push tube into fitting past O-ring seal
Defective tube
Cut damaged area from tube or replace
tube
Tubing makes too tight a bend near
fitting
Run the tubing to reduce the bend
O-ring has not seated properly
Remove O-ring and inspect O-ring
groove for debris. Clean groove, lube
and reset O-ring
O-ring has nicks or scratches
Replace O-ring
Restricted drain tube
Clear restriction
Tubing from air gap to drain is routed
incorrectly
Re-route tubing so tubing runs vertically
with no sharp bends or loops
Leak at filter
housings
Leak from air
gap in faucet
Troubleshooting
Guide (con’t)
Quality Monitor Status Indications and Common Solutions
Leakage
Indication
Condition
Action
Green Light
System operating normally
None
Amber Light
Membrane exhausted
Replace membrane
No Monitor Lights
Light Assembly is not connected
Plug connector into phone jack
Battery voltage low
Replace battery
Battery is not connected
Connect battery
26
Service Log
Model
Serial No.
Date Installed
For Service Call Culligan at: ( ) -
Cartridge(s) Changed
Date
Serviced
27
Sediment
Filter
Activated
Pre-Carbon
Filter
RO
Membrane
Activated
Post-Carbon
Filter
Sanitized
Specialty
Cartridge
Culligan Aqua-Cleer Advanced Drinking Water System
You have just purchased one of the finest drinking water systems made. As an expression of our
confidence in Culligan products, your drinking water system is warranted to the original end-user, when
installed in accordance with Culligan International Company specifications, against defects in material
and workmanship from the date of original installation, as follows:
• For the LIFETIME of the original end-user
• For a period of ONE YEAR
Chapter
Culligan
Heading
Lifetime
Limited
Warranty
The entire reverse osmosis water
conditioning unit, EXCLUDING THE
EXPENDABLE FILTER CARTRIDGES AND
REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE FILTER USED
IN THE UNIT.
The Culligan brand reverse osmosis
membrane filter.
If a part described above is found defective within the specified period, you should notify your
independently operated Culligan dealer and arrange a time during normal business hours for the
dealer to inspect the drinking water system on your premises. Any part found defective within the terms
of this warranty will be repaired or replaced by the dealer. You pay only freight from our factory and
local dealer charges.
Damage caused by accident, fire, flood, freezing, Act of God, misuse, misapplication, neglect,
alteration, installation or operation contrary to our printed instructions, or by the use of accessories or
components which do not meet Culligan specifications, is not covered by this warranty.
Our product performance specifications are furnished with each drinking water system. TO THE
EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, CULLIGAN DISCLAIMS ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES INCLUDING,
WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE; TO THE EXTENT REQUIRED BY LAW, ANY SUCH IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED
IN DURATION TO THE ONE-YEAR PERIOD SPECIFIED ABOVE FOR THE PARTS DESCRIBED IN THIS
LIMITED WARRANTY. As manufacturer, we do not know the characteristics of your water supply or the
purpose for which you are purchasing a drinking water system. Please understand that the quality of
water supplies may vary seasonally or over a period of time, and that your water usage rate may vary
as well. Water characteristics can also change considerably if your drinking water system is moved to
a new location. For these reasons, we assume no liability for the determination of the proper equipment
necessary to meet your requirements, and we do not authorize others to assume such obligations for
us. Further, we assume no liability and extend no warranties, express or implied, for the use of this
product on a non-potable water source. OUR OBLIGATIONS UNDER THIS WARRANTY ARE LIMITED
TO THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE FAILED PARTS OF THE DRINKING WATER SYSTEM, AND
WE ASSUME NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER FOR DIRECT, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, SPECIAL,
GENERAL, OR OTHER DAMAGES, WHETHER FROM CORROSION OR OTHER CAUSES.
CONSUMERS:
Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation
may not apply to you. Similarly, some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific
legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state. Consult your telephone
directory for your local independently-operated Culligan dealer, or write Culligan International
Company, for warranty and service information.
Culligan International Company
9399 W. Higgins Road, Suite 1100
Rosemont, Illinois 60018
01020485A
©2008 Culligan International Company
28
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