75 & 100 Gallon Gas Models
Instruction Manual
RESIDENTIAL GAS WATER HEATERS
NOT FOR USE IN MANUFACTURED (MOBILE) HOMES
• For Your Safety •
AN ODORANT IS ADDED TO THE GAS USED
BY THIS WATER HEATER.
ALL TECHNICAL AND WARRANTY QUESTIONS: SHOULD BE DIRECTED TO THE LOCAL DEALER FROM WHOM THE WATER HEATER WAS
PURCHASED. IF YOU ARE UNSUCCESSFUL, PLEASE WRITE TO THE COMPANY LISTED ON THE RATING PLATE ON THE WATER HEATER.
KEEP THIS MANUAL IN THE POCKET ON HEATER FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
WHENEVER MAINTENANCE ADJUSTMENT OR SERVICE IS REQUIRED.
PRINTED 0409
1
315628-000
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE
Your safety and the safety of others is extremely important in the installation, use and servicing of this water heater.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very important
that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use or service this water heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to
potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
will result in death or injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of substances
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to warn of
potential exposure to such substances.
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
This appliance can cause low-level exposure to some of the substances included in the Act.
IMPORTANT DEFINITIONS
• Qualified Installer: A qualified installer must have ability equivalent to a licensed tradesman in the fields of plumbing,
air supply, venting and gas supply, including a thorough understanding of the requirements of the National Fuel Gas
Code as it relates to the installation of gas fired water heaters. The qualified installer must have a thorough
understanding of this instruction manual.
• Service Agency: A service agency also must have ability equivalent to a licensed tradesman in the fields of plumbing,
air supply, venting and gas supply, including a thorough understanding of the requirements of the National Fuel Gas
Code as it relates to the installation of gas fired water heaters. The service agency must also have a thorough
understanding of this instruction manual, and be able to perform repairs strictly in accordance with the service guidelines
provided by the manufacturer.
•
Gas Supplier: The Natural Gas or Propane Utility or service which supplies gas for utilization by the gas burning
appliances within this application. The gas supplier typically has responsibility for the inspection and code approval of
gas piping up to and including the Natural Gas meter or Propane storage tank of a building. Many gas suppliers also
offer service and inspection of appliances within the building.
2
GENERAL SAFETY
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE .................................. 2
GENERAL SAFETY .................................................................... 3
TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................... 4
INTRODUCTION ......................................................................... 4
Preparing for the New Installation ...................................... 4
TYPICAL INSTALLATION ......................................................... 5,6
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER ..................................... 7-9
Facts to Consider About Location ................................... 7,8
Insulation Blankets ............................................................. 8
Combustion Air and Ventilation for Appliances
Located in Unconfined Spaces .......................................... 8
Combustion Air and Ventilation for Appliances
Located in Confined Spaces ........................................... 8,9
INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER .............................. 10-14
Water Piping ............................................................... 10,11
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve .................................. 11
Filling the Water Heater .................................................... 12
Venting ....................................................................... 12,13
Gas Piping .................................................................. 13,14
Sediment Traps ............................................................... 14
LIGHTING & OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ............................. 15,16
TEMPERATUREREGULATION ................................................... 17
FOR YOUR INFORMATION .................................................. 17,18
Start Up Conditions ..................................................... 17,18
Draft Hood Operation .................................................... 17
Condensation .......................................................... 17,18
Smoke/Odor .................................................................. 18
Thermal Expansion ....................................................... 18
Strange Sounds ............................................................ 18
Operational Conditions ..................................................... 18
Smelly Water ................................................................ 18
“Air” in Hot Water Faucets ............................................ 18
High Temperature Shut Off System ............................... 18
PERIODICMAINTENANCE .................................................... 19-21
Venting System Inspection ............................................... 19
Burner Inspection ............................................................ 19
Burner Cleaning ............................................................... 19
Housekeeping ............................................................. 19,20
Anode Rod Inspection ...................................................... 20
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Operation .................. 20
Draining and Flushing ....................................................... 20
Drain Valve Washer Replacement .................................... 20
Service ............................................................................ 21
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS ........................................................ 21
REPAIR PARTS ........................................................................ 22
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES ............................................ 23
WARRANTY ....................................................................... Insert
INTRODUCTION
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed and
maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
2. The installation must conform with these instructions and the local
code authority having jurisdiction. In the absence of local codes,
installations shall comply with the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI
Z223.1/NFPA 54 current addition. This publication is available from
the CSA International, 8501 East Pleasant Valley Rd., Cleveland Ohio
44131, or The National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch
Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Abbreviations Found In This Instruction Manual:
•
UL - Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
•
ANSI - American National Standards Institute
•
NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
•
ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
•
GAMA - Gas Appliance Manufacturer’s Association
•
CAN - Canada
•
EPACT - Energy Policy Act
•
CSA - Canadian Standards Association
3. If after reading this manual you have any questions or do not
understand any portion of the instructions, call the local gas utility
or the manufacturer whose name appears on the rating plate.
4. Carefully plan the place where you are going to put the water
heater. Correct combustion, vent action, and vent pipe installation
are very important in preventing death from possible carbon
monoxide poisoning and fires, see Figures 3 and 8.
This gas-fired water heater is design certified by Underwriters
Laboratories Inc. under American National Standard/CSA Standard
for Gas Water Heaters ANSI Z21.10.3 • CSA 4.3 (current edition).
Examine the location to ensure the water heater complies with
the “Locating the New Water Heater” section in this manual.
PREPARING FOR THE INSTALLATION
5. For California installation this water heater must be braced, anchored,
or strapped to avoid falling or moving during an earthquake. See
instructions for correct installation procedures. Instructions may be
obtained from California Office of the State Architect, 400 P Street,
Sacramento, CA 95814.
1. Read the “General Safety” section, page 3 of this manual first and
then the entire manual carefully. If you don’t follow the safety rules,
the water heater will not operate properly. It could cause DEATH,
SERIOUS BODILY INJURYAND/OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
This manual contains instructions for the installation, operation, and
maintenance of the gas-fired water heater. It also contains warnings
throughout the manual that you must read and be aware of. All warnings
and all instructions are essential to the proper operation of the water
heater and your safety. Since we cannot put everything on the first
few pages, READ THE ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO
INSTALL OR OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
6. Massachusetts Code requires this water heater to be installed in
accordance with Massachusetts 248-CMR 2.00: State Plumbing
Code and 248-CMR 5.00.
7. Complies with SCAQMD rule #1146.2 and districts having equivalent
NOx requirements.
4
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
GET TO KNOW YOUR WATER HEATER - GAS MODELS
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
Vent Pipe
Drafthood
Anode
Hot Water Outlet
Outlet
Insulation
Gas Supply
Manual Gas Shut-off Valve
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Ground Joint Union
Drip Leg (Sediment Trap)
Inner Door
Outer door
Union
Inlet Water Shut-off Valve
Cold Water Inlet
Inlet Dip Tube
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
Rating Plate
Flue Baffle(s)
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat
Drain Valve
Pilot and Main Burner
Flue
Metal Drain Pan
(T) GAS CONTROL VALVE/THERMOSTAT
* INSTALL IN ACCORDANCE WITH
LOCAL CODES.
* DRIP LEG AS REQUIRED BY
LOCAL CODES.
* ALL PIPING MATERIALS TO BE
SUPPLIED BY CUSTOMERS.
(V) PILOT & MAIN BURNER - NATURAL GAS
(V) PILOT & MAIN BURNER - PROPANE GAS
THERMOCOUPLE
PILOT
BURNER
**CLOSED WATER SYSTEMS ARE THOSE
WITH BACK FLOW PREVENTION DEVICES
INSTALLED IN THE WATER SERVICE LINE.
FIGURE 1.
5
MAIN
BURNER
TYPICAL INSTALLATION
MIXING VALVE USAGE
FIGURE 2.
This appliance has been design certified as complying with ANSI Z21.10.3
current edition for water heaters and is considered suitable for:
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to
a temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing,
dish washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently
injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely to be
permanently injured by hot water than others. These include the
elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If
anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of these groups
or if there is a local code requiring a certain temperature water at
the hot water tap, then you must take special precautions. In addition
to using the lowest possible temperature setting that satisfies your
hot water needs, a means such as a *Mixing Valve should be used at
the hot water taps used by these people or at the water heater.
Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply or hardware stores.
Consult a qualified installer or service agency. Follow mixing valve
manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the valves. Before
changing the factory setting on the thermostat, read the
“Temperature Regulation” section in this manual, see Figures 15
and 16.
Water (Potable) Heating and Space Heating: All models are
considered suitable for water (potable) heating and space heating.
6
LOCATING THE NEW WATER HEATER
FACTS TO CONSIDER ABOUT THE LOCATION
Carefully choose an indoor location for the new water heater, because
the placement is a very important consideration for the safety of the
occupants in the building and for the most economical use of the
appliance. This water heater is not for use in manufactured
(mobile) homes or outdoor installation.
Whether replacing an old water heater or putting the water heater in
a new location, the following critical points must be observed:
1. Select a location indoors as close as practical to the gas vent or
chimney to which the water heater vent is going to be connected,
and as centralized with the water piping system as possible.
2. Selected location must provide adequate clearances for servicing
and proper operation of the water heater.
INSTALLATIONS IN AREAS WHERE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
(VAPORS) ARE LIKELY TO BE PRESENT OR STORED
(GARAGES, STORAGE AND UTILITY AREAS, ETC.): Flammable
liquids (such as gasoline, solvents, propane [LP or butane, etc.] and
other substances such as adhesives, etc.) emit flammable vapors
which can be ignited by a gas water heater’s pilot light or main burner.
The resulting flashback and fire can cause death or serious burns to
anyone in the area, as well as property damage. If installation in such
areas is your only option, then the installation must be accomplished
in a way that the pilot flame and main burner flame are elevated from
the floor at least 18 inches. While this may reduce the chances of
flammable vapors, from a floor spill being ignited, gasoline and other
flammable substances should never be stored or used in the same
room or area containing a gas water heater or other open flame or
spark producing appliance. NOTE: Flammable vapors may be drawn
by air currents from other areas of the structure to the appliance.
Installation of the water heater must be accomplished in such a manner
that if the tank or any connections should leak, the flow will not cause
damage to the structure. For this reason, it is not advisable to install the
water heater in an attic or upper floor. When such locations cannot be
avoided, a suitable metal drain pan should be installed under the water
heater. Metal drain pans are available at your local hardware store.
Such a metal drain pan must have a minimum length and width of at least
2” (51 mm) greater than the water heater dimensions and must be piped
to an adequate drain. The pan must not restrict combustion air flow.
Water heater life depends upon water quality, water pressure and the
environment in which the water heater is installed. Water heaters are
sometimes installed in locations where leakage may result in property
damage, even with the use of a drain pan piped to a drain. However,
unanticipated damage can be reduced or prevented by a leak detector
or water shut-off device used in conjunction with a piped drain pan.
These devices are available from some plumbing supply wholesalers
and retailers, and detect and react to leakage in various ways:
•
•
•
•
Also, the water heater must be located and/or protected so it is not
subject to physical damage by a moving vehicle.
Sensors mounted in the drain pan that trigger an alarm or turn off
the incoming water to the water heater when leakage is detected.
Sensors mounted in the drain pan that turn off the water supply
to the entire home when water is detected in the drain pan.
Water supply shut-off devices that activate based on the water
pressure differential between the cold water and hot water pipes
connected to the water heater.
Devices that will turn off the gas supply to a gas water heater
while at the same time shutting off its water supply.
This water heater must not be installed directly on carpeting. Carpeting
must be protected by metal or wood panel beneath the appliance
extending beyond the full width and depth of the appliance by at least
3” (76.2 mm) in any direction, or if the appliance is installed in an
alcove or closet, the entire floor must be covered by the panel. Failure
to heed this warning may result in a fire hazard.
7
Minimum clearances between the water heater and combustible materials
are 0 inch at the sides and rear, 4” (102 mm) at the front, and 6” (153 mm)
from the vent pipe. Clearance from the top of the jacket is 12” (305 mm)
on most models. Note that a lesser dimension may be allowed on some
models, refer to the label attached adjacent to the gas control valve on
the water heater, see Figure 3.
INSULATION BLANKETS
FIGURE 3.
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for external use
on gas water heaters but are not necessary with these products. The
purpose of an insulation blanket is to reduce the standby heat loss
encountered with storage tank heaters. Your water heater meets or
exceeds the EPACT standards with respect to insulation and standby
loss requirements, making an insulation blanket unnecessary.
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this heater, you
should follow these instructions (For identification of components
mentioned below, see Figure 1). Failure to follow these instructions
can restrict the air flow required for proper combustion, potentially
resulting in fire, asphyxiation, serious personal injury or death.
• Do not apply insulation to the top of the water heater, as this will
interfere with safe operation of the draft hood.
• Do not cover the outer door, thermostat or temperature & pressure
relief valve.
• Do not allow insulation to come within 2" (50.8 mm) of the floor to
prevent blockage of combustion air flow to the burner.
A gas water heater cannot operate properly without the correct amount of
air for combustion. Do not install in a confined area such as a closet,
unless you provide air as shown in the “Locating The New Water Heater”
section. Never obstruct the flow of ventilation air. If you have any
doubts or questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to provide the
proper amount of combustion air can result in a fire or explosion and
cause death, serious bodily injury, or property damage.
• Do not cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side of the
water heater or nearby for future reference.
• Do obtain new warning and instruction labels from the manufacturer
for placement on the blanket directly over the existing labels.
• Do inspect the insulation blanket frequently to make certain it
does not sag, thereby obstructing combustion air flow.
COMBUSTION AIR AND VENTILATION FOR
APPLIANCES LOCATED IN UNCONFINED SPACES
UNCONFINED SPACE is space whose volume is not less than
50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kW) of the aggregate
input rating of all appliances installed in that space. Rooms
communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are
installed, through openings not furnished with doors, are considered
a part of the unconfined space.
In unconfined spaces in buildings, infiltration may be adequate to provide
air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue gases. However, in
buildings of tight construction (for example, weather stripping, heavily
insulated, caulked, vapor barrier, etc.), additional air may need to be
provided using the methods described in “Combustion Air and Ventilation
for Appliances Located in Confined Spaces.”
FIGURE 4.
If this water heater will be used in beauty shops, barber shops, cleaning
establishments, or self-service laundries with dry cleaning equipment,
it is imperative that the water heater or water heaters be installed so
that combustion and ventilation air be taken from outside these areas.
COMBUSTION AIR AND VENTILATION FOR
APPLIANCES LOCATED IN CONFINED SPACES
Propellants of aerosol sprays and volatile compounds, (cleaners,
chlorine based chemicals, refrigerants, etc.) in addition to being highly
flammable in many cases, will also change to corrosive hydrochloric
acid when exposed to the combustion products of the water heater.
The results can be hazardous, and also cause product failure.
CONFINED SPACE is a space whose volume is less than 50 cubic
feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per kW) of the aggregate input
rating of all appliances installed in that space.
8
A. ALL AIR FROM INSIDE BUILDINGS: (See Figures 4 and 5)
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent openings
communicating directly with an additional room(s) of sufficient volume
so that the combined volume of all spaces meets the criteria for an
unconfined space. The total input of all gas utilization equipment
installed in the combined space shall be considered in making this
determination. Each opening shall have a minimum free area of
one square inch per 1,000 Btu per hour (22 cm2/kW) of the total
input rating of all gas utilization equipment in the confined space,
but not less than 100 square inches (645 cm2). One opening shall
commence within 12” (30 cm) of the top and one commencing within
12” (30 cm) of the bottom of the enclosures.
FIGURE 7.
4. When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross-sectional
area as the free area of the openings to which they connect.
The minimum short side dimension of rectangular air ducts shall
not be less than 3” (76.2 mm), see Figure 8.
5. Alternatively a single permanent opening may be used when
communicating directly with the outdoors, or with spaces that freely
communicate with the outdoors. The opening shall have a minimum
free area of 1 square inch per 3,000 BTU per hour (8.3 cm2/kW) of
total input rating of all equipment in enclosure. See Figure 8A.
FIGURE 5.
B. ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS: (See Figures 6, 7 and 8)
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent openings,
one commencing within 12” (30 cm) of the top and one
commencing within 12” (30 cm) from the bottom of the enclosure.
The openings shall communicate directly, or by ducts, with the outdoors
or spaces (crawl or attic) that freely communicate with the outdoors.
1. When directly communicating with the outdoors, each opening shall
have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000 Btu per hour
(5.5 cm2/kW) of total input rating of all equipment in the enclosure, see
Figure 6.
FIGURE 8.
6. Louvers and Grilles: In calculating free area, consideration shall be
given to the blocking effect of louvers, grilles or screens protecting
openings. Screens used shall not be smaller than 1/4 inch (6.4 mm)
mesh. If the free area through a design of louver or grille is known, it
should be used in calculating the size opening required to provide the
free area specified. If the design and free area is not known, it may be
assumed that wood louvers will be 20-25 percent free area and metal
louvers and grilles will have 60-75 percent free area. Louvers and grilles
shall be fixed in the open position or interlocked with the equipment so
that they are opened automatically during equipment operation.
7. Special Conditions Created by Mechanical Exhausting or Fireplaces:
operation of exhaust fans, ventilation systems, clothes dryers or
fireplaces may create conditions requiring special attention to avoid
unsatisfactory operation of installed gas utilization equipment.
FIGURE 6.
2. When communicating with the outdoors through vertical ducts, each
opening must have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4,000
Btu per hour (5.5 cm2/kW) of total input rating of all equipment in
the enclosure, see Figure 7.
3. When communicating with the outdoors through horizontal ducts,
each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 2,000 Btu per hour (11 cm2/kW)) of total input rating of all
equipment in the enclosure, see Figure 8.
FIGURE 8A.
9
INSTALLING THE NEW WATER HEATER
WATER PIPING
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion) and closed systems
do not allow for the expansion of heated water.
The water within the water heater tank expands as it is heated and
increases the pressure of the water system. If the relieving point of
the water heater’s temperature-pressure relief valve is reached, the
valve will relieve the excess pressure. The temperature-pressure
relief valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. This is an unacceptable condition and must be corrected.
It is recommended that any devices installed which could create a
closed system have a by-pass and/or the system have an expansion
tank to relieve the pressure built by thermal expansion in the water
system. Expansion tanks are available for ordering through a local
plumbing contractor. Refer to the “Thermal Expansion” section in
this manual and/or contact the local water supplier and/or a service
agency for assistance in controlling these situations.
NOTE: To protect against untimely corrosion of hot and cold water
fittings, it is strongly recommended that di-electric unions or
couplings be installed on this water heater when connected to
copper pipe.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to a
temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish
washing, cleaning and other sanitizing needs can scald and
permanently injure you upon contact. Some people are more likely to
be permanently injured by hot water than others. These include the
elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If
anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of these groups or if
there is a local code or state law requiring a certain temperature water
at the hot water tap, then you must take special precautions. In addition
to using the lowest possible temperature setting that satisfies your hot
water needs, a means such as a *mixing valve should be used at the hot
water taps used by these people or at the water heater, see Figure 2.
Valves for reducing point of use temperature by mixing cold and hot
water are also available. Consult a qualified installer or service
agency. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the valves.
Before changing the factory setting on the thermostat, read the
“Temperature Regulation” section in this manual.
This water heater shall not be connected to any heating systems or
component(s) used with a non-potable water heating appliance.
All piping components connected to this unit for space heating
applications shall be suitable for use with potable water.
Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment shall not be
introduced into this system.
When the system requires water for space heating at temperatures
higher than required for domestic water purposes, a tempering valve
must be installed. Please refer to Figure 2 for suggested piping
arrangement.
Water supply systems may, because of such events as high line
pressure, frequent cut-offs, the effects of water hammer among others,
have installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check valves,
back flow preventers, etc. to control these types of problems. When
these devices are not equipped with an internal by-pass, and no other
measures are taken, the devices cause the water system to be closed.
FIGURE 9.
10
Figure 9 shows the typical attachment of the water piping to the water
heater. The water heater is equipped with 1” NPT threaded nipple
(75 gallon models) or 1.25” NPT threaded nipple (100 gallon models)
water connections.
NOTE: If using copper tubing, solder tubing to an adapter before
attaching the adapter to the cold water inlet connection. Do not
solder the cold water supply line directly to the cold water inlet.
It will harm the dip tube and damage the tank.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
The Discharge Pipe:
• Should not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the valve, or
have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Should not be plugged or blocked.
• Should be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Should be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both the
temperature-pressure relief valve, and the discharge pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor drain or external
to the building. In cold climates, it is recommended that the discharge
pipe be terminated at an adequate drain inside the building.
• Should not have any valve between the relief valve and tank.
This heater is provided with a properly certified combination
temperature - pressure relief valve by the manufacturer.
The valve is certified by a nationally recognized testing laboratory
that maintains periodic inspection of production of listed equipment
of materials as meeting the requirements for Relief Valves for Hot
Water Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22 • CSA 4.4, and the code
requirements of ASME.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated at
least once a year. Caution should be taken to ensure that (1) no one is in
front of or around the outlet of the temperature-pressure relief
valve discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged will not
cause any bodily injury or property damage because the water may
be extremely hot.
If replaced, the valve must meet the requirements of local codes, but
not less than a combination temperature and pressure relief valve
certified as indicated in the above paragraph.
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet to
the water heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the
temperature-pressure relief valve with a new one.
The valve must be marked with a maximum set pressure not to exceed
the marked maximum working pressure of the water heater
(150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and a discharge capacity not less than the
water heater input rate as shown on the model rating plate.
For safe operation of the water heater, the relief valve must not be
removed from its designated opening nor plugged.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be installed directly into
the fitting of the water heater designed for the relief valve. Position
the valve downward and provide tubing so that any discharge will exit
only within 6” (153 mm) above, or at any distance below the structural
floor. Be certain that no contact is made with any live electrical part.
The discharge opening must not be blocked or reduced in size under
any circumstances. Excessive length, over 30’ (9.14 m), or use of
more than four elbows can cause restriction and reduce the discharge
capacity of the valve, see Figure 10.
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the relief valve
and the tank. Do not connect tubing directly to discharge drain unless
a 6 inch air gap is provided. To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or
property damage, the relief valve must be allowed to discharge water
in quantities should circumstances demand. If the discharge pipe is
not connected to a drain or other suitable means, the water flow may
cause property damage.
FIGURE 10.
11
Vent dampers must bear evidence of certification as complying with
the current edition of the American National Standard ANSI Z21.66
CGA 6.14 (covering electrically and mechanically actuated vent
dampers). Before installation of any vent damper, consult the local
gas utility for further information.
FILLING THE WATER HEATER
To insure proper venting of this gas-fired water heater, the correct
vent pipe diameter must be utilized. Any additions or deletions of
other gas appliances on a common vent with this water heater may
adversely affect the operation of the water heater. Consult your gas
supplier if any such changes are planned.
For proper venting in certain installations, a larger diameter vent pipe
may be necessary. Consult your gas supplier to aid you in determining
the proper venting for your water heater from the vent tables in the
current edition of the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely full of water. To
prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water
must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas to the
water heater.
Periodically check the venting system for signs of obstruction or
deterioration and replace if needed.
To fill the water heater with water:
1. Close the water heater drain valve by turning the handle to the
right (clockwise). The drain valve is on the lower front of the
water heater.
The combustion and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
The water heater with draft hood installed must be connected to a
chimney or listed vent pipe system, which terminates to the outdoors.
Never operate the water heater unless it is vented to the outdoors
and has adequate air supply to avoid risks of improper operation,
explosion or asphyxiation.
2. Open the cold water supply valve to the water heater.
NOTE: The cold water supply valve must be left open when
the water heater is in use.
3. To insure complete filling of the tank, allow air to exit by opening the
nearest hot water faucet. Allow water to run until a constant flow is
obtained. This will let air out of the water heater and the piping.
•
For proper draft hood attachment, the draft hood legs may be
angled slightly inward.
•
Place the draft hood legs in the receiving holes on the top of the
water heater. The legs will snap in the holes to give a tight fit.
Secure draft hood with the supplied brackets.
•
Place the vent pipe over the draft hood. With the vent pipe in position,
drill a small hole through both the vent pipe and draft hood. Secure
them together with a sheet metal screw, see Figure 11.
4. Check all water piping and connections for leaks. Repair as needed.
VENTING
Obstructed or deteriorated vent systems may present serious health
risk or asphyxiation.
FIGURE 11.
VENT DAMPERS - Any vent damper, whether it is operated thermally
or otherwise must be removed if its use inhibits proper drafting of
the water heater.
The vent pipe from the water heater must be no less than the diameter
of the draft hood outlet on the water heater and must slope upward at
least 1/4 inch per linear foot (21 mm per meter), see Figure 12.
Thermally Operated Vent Dampers: this gas-fired water heater has a
thermal efficiency at or above 80% which may produce a relatively
low flue gas temperature. Such temperatures may not be high enough
to properly open thermally operated vent dampers. This would cause
spillage of the flue gases and may cause carbon monoxide poisoning.
All vent gases must be completely vented to the outdoors of the
structure (dwelling). Install only the draft hood provided with the
new water heater and no other draft hood.
Vent pipes must be secured at each joint with sheet metal screws.
12
Make sure the gas supplied is the same type listed on the model rating
plate. The inlet gas pressure must not exceed 14 inch water column
(2.6 kPa) for natural and propane (L.P.) gas. The minimum inlet gas
pressure shown on the rating plate is that which will permit firing at
rated input.
If the gas control valve is subjected to pressures exceeding 1/2 pound
per square inch (3.5 kPa), the damage to the gas control valve could
result in a fire or explosion from leaking gas.
FIGURE 12.
If the main gas line shut-off serving all gas appliances is used, also
turn “off” the gas at each appliance. Leave all gas appliances shut
“off” until the water heater installation is complete.
There must be a minimum of 6” (153 mm) clearance between single
wall vent pipe and any combustible material. Fill and seal any clearance
between single wall vent pipe and combustible surfaces with mortar
mix, cement, or other noncombustible substance. For other than single
wall, follow vent pipe manufacturer’s clearance specifications. To insure
a tight fit of the vent pipe in a brick chimney, seal around the vent pipe
with mortar mix cement.
A gas line of sufficient size must be run to the water heater. Consult
the current edition of National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA
54 and your gas supplier concerning pipe size.
There must be:
Failure to have required clearances between vent piping and
combustible material will result in a fire hazard.
•
A readily accessible manual shut off valve in the gas supply line
serving the water heater, and
•
A drip leg (sediment trap) ahead of the gas control valve to help
prevent dirt and foreign materials from entering the gas control
valve.
•
A flexible gas connector or a ground joint union between the shut
off valve and control valve to permit servicing of the unit.
Be sure vent pipe is properly connected to prevent escape of
dangerous flue gases which could cause deadly asphyxiation.
Be sure to check all the gas piping for leaks before lighting the water
heater. Use a soapy water solution, not a match or open flame.
Rinse off soapy solution and wipe dry.
The minimum inlet gas pressure shown on the rating plate is that
which will permit firing at the rated input.
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system may occur if
air for combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Spray can
propellants, cleaning solvents, refrigerator and air conditioner
refrigerants, swimming pool chemicals, calcium and sodium chloride,
waxes, bleach and process chemicals are typical compounds which
are potentially corrosive.
GAS PIPING
Water heaters covered in this manual have been tested and approved
for installation at elevations up to 7,700 feet (2,347 m) above sea
level. For installation above 7,700 feet (2,347 m), the water heater’s
Btu input should be reduced at the rate of 4 percent for each 1,000
feet (305 m) above sea level which requires replacement of the
burner orifice in accordance with the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI
Z223.1/NFPA 54. Contact your local gas supplier for further
information.
Failure to replace the standard orifice with the proper high altitude
orifice when installed at elevations above 7,700 feet (2,347 m) could
result in improper and inefficient operation of the appliance, producing
carbon monoxide gas in excess of the safe limits. This could result
in serious injury or death. Contact your local gas supplier for any
specific changes that may be required in your area.
13
FIGURE 14. GAS PIPING WITH ALL
BLACK IRON PIPE TO GAS CONTROL.
SEDIMENT TRAPS
Use pipe joint compound or teflon tape marked as being resistant to
the action of petroleum [Propane (L.P.)] gases.
A sediment trap shall be installed as close to the inlet of the water
heater as practical at the time of water heater installation. The
sediment trap shall be either a tee fitting with a capped nipple in the
bottom outlet or other device recognized as an effective sediment
trap. If a tee fitting is used, it shall be installed in conformance with
one of the methods of installation shown in Figures 13 and 14.
The appliance and its gas connection must be leak tested before
placing the appliance in operation.
The appliance and its individual shut-off valve shall be disconnected
from the gas supply piping system during any pressure testing of
that system at test pressures in excess of 1/2 pound per square
inch (3.5 kPa). It shall be isolated from the gas supply piping system
by closing its individual manual shut-off valve during any pressure
testing of the gas supply piping system at test pressures equal to or
less than 1/2 pound per square inch (3.5 kPa).
Connecting the gas piping to the gas control valve of the water heater
can be accomplished by either of the two methods shown in Figures
13 and 14.
Contaminants in the gas lines may cause improper operation of the
gas control valve that may result in fire or explosion. Before attaching
the gas line be sure that all gas pipe is clean on the inside. To trap any
dirt or foreign material in the gas supply line, a drip leg (sometimes
called a sediment trap) must be incorporated in the piping. The drip leg
must be readily accessible. Install in accordance with the “Gas Piping”
section. Refer to the current edition of the National Fuel Gas Code,
ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54.
FIGURE 13. GAS PIPING WITH FLEXIBLE CONNECTOR.
14
15
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a fire or
explosion may result causing property damage, personal injury or loss of life.
BEFORE LIGHTING: ENTIRE SYSTEM MUST BE FILLED WITH WATER AND AIR PURGED AT FAUCETS.
A.
B.
This appliance has a pilot which must be lighted by hand.
When lighting the pilot, follow these instructions exactly.
BEFORE LIGHTING: smell all around the appliance
area for gas. Be sure to smell next to the floor because
some gas is heavier than air and will settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electric switch; do not use
any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
•
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the
fire department.
C. Use only your hand to push down or turn the gas control
knob. Never use tools. If the knob will not push down or
turn by hand, don’t try to repair it, call a qualified service
technician. Force or attempted repair may result in a fire
or explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been under water.
Immediately contact a qualified installer or service agency
to replace a flooded water heater. Do not attempt to repair
the unit! It must be replaced!
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
TOP VIEW
GAS CONTROL
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
FIGURE “D”
STOP! Read the safety information above on
this label.
Set the thermostat to the lowest setting by turning
thermostat dial fully clockwise
until it stops.
Push the gas control knob down slightly and turn
clockwise
to "OFF" (Figure A).
NOTE: Gas control knob CANNOT be turned from "PILOT"
to "OFF" unless it is pushed down slightly. Do not force.
Remove the inner and outer doors located below and
behind the gas control unit.
Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas. If you then
smell gas
STOP! Follow "B" in the safety information
above on
this label. If you do not smell gas, go to the
next step.
Find Pilot. Follow metal tube from the bottom , right of
the gas control to the pilot burner. (Figure D).
Turn gas control knob counterclockwise
to "PILOT"
(Figure B).
Push gas control knob down all the way and hold it down.
Immediately light the pilot with a match. Continue to hold
the gas control knob down for about one (1) minute
after the pilot is lit. Release the gas control knob and it
will pop back up. Pilot should remain lit. If it goes out,
repeat Steps 3 through 8. It may take several minutes for
air to clear the lines, before the pilot will light.
• If knob does not pop up when released, stop and
immediately call your service technician or gas
supplier.
• If the pilot will not stay lit after several tries, turn the
gas control knob to "OFF" (Figure A) and call your
service technician or gas supplier.
9. Replace inner and outer burner doors.
10. At arm's length away, turn the gas control knob
counterclockwise
to “ON” (Figure C).
11. Set thermostat to desired setting (See Figure).
CAUTION: Hotter water increases the risk of
scald injury. Consult the instruction manual
before changing temperature.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. Set the thermostat to lowest setting.
2. Push gas control knob down slightly and turn clockwise
to “OFF”. Do not force, see Figure A.
16
TEMPERATURE REGULATION
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap, or to draw their
own bath water. Never leave a child or handicapped person
unattended in a bathtub or shower.
Short repeated heating cycles caused by small hot water uses can
cause temperatures at the point of use to exceed the thermostat setting
by up to 30°F (16.7°C). If you experience this type of use you should
consider using lower temperature settings to reduce scald hazards.
NOTE: A water temperature range of 120°F-140°F (49°C-60°C) is
recommended by most dishwasher manufacturers.
Any water heater’s intended purpose is to heat water. Hot water is
needed for cleansing, cleaning, and sanitizing (bodies, dishes, clothing).
Untempered hot water can present a scald hazard. Depending on the
time element, and the people involved (adults, children, elderly, infirm,
etc.) scalding may occur at different temperatures.
The thermostat of this water heater has been factory set at its lowest
position (PILOT LIGHTING). It is adjustable and must be reset to the
desired temperature setting to reduce the risk of scald injury. The
mark ( ) indicative of approximately 120°F (49°C) is preferred starting
point. Some States have a requirement for a lower setting.
Turn the water temperature dial clockwise (
) to decrease the
) to increase the temperature.
temperature, or counterclockwise (
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to shut off, turn off
the manual gas control valve to the appliance.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are intended to
produce hot water. Water heated to a temperature which will satisfy
space heating, clothes washing, dish washing, and other sanitizing
needs can scald and permanently injure you upon contact. Some
people are more likely to be permanently injured by hot water than
others. These include the elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/
mentally handicapped. If anyone using hot water in your home fits
into one of these groups or if there is a local code or state law requiring
a certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then you must take
special precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible
temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such
as a mixing valve should be used at the hot water taps used by these
people or at the water heater. Mixing valves are available at plumbing
supply or hardware stores, see Figure 2. Follow manufacturer’s
instructions for installation of the valves. Before changing the factory
setting on the thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section in
this manual, see Figures 15 and 16.
FIGURE 15.
Temperature
Time to Produce 2nd & 3rd
Settings
Degree Burns on Adult Skin
VERY HOT= approx. 160°F (71°C)
About 1/2 second
C = approx. 150°F (66 °C)
About 1-1/2 seconds
B = approx. 140°F (60°C)
Less than 5 seconds
A = approx. 130°F (54°C)
About 30 seconds
= approx. 120°F (49°C)
More than 5 minutes
LOW = approx. 80°F (27°C)
----------------
FIGURE 16.
FOR YOUR INFORMATION
START UP CONDITIONS
will form while the burner is on. A water heater may appear to be leaking
when in fact the water is condensation. This usually happens when:
DRAFT HOOD OPERATION
a. A new water heater is filled with cold water for the first time.
b. Burning gas produces water vapor in water heaters, particularly
high efficiency models where flue temperatures are lower.
c. Large amounts of hot water are used in a short time and the refill
water in the tank is very cold.
Check draft hood operation by performing a worst case
depressurization of the building. With all doors and windows closed,
and with all air handling equipment and exhaust fans operating such
as furnaces, clothes dryers, range hoods and bathroom fans, a match
flame should still be drawn into the draft hood of the water heater with
its burner firing. If the flame is not drawn toward the draft hood, shut
off water heater and make necessary air supply changes to correct.
Moisture from the products of combustion condense on the cooler
tank surfaces and form drops of water which may fall onto the burner
or other hot surfaces to produce a “sizzling” or “frying” noise.
CONDENSATION
Excessive condensation can cause pilot outage due to water running
down the flue tube onto the main burner and putting out the pilot.
Whenever the water heater is filled with cold water, some condensate
17
Because of the suddenness and amount of water, condensation water
may be diagnosed as a “tank leak”. After the water in the tank warms
up (about 1-2 hours), the condition should disappear.
OPERATIONAL CONDITIONS
Do not assume the water heater is leaking until there has been enough
time for the water in the tank to warm up.
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode rod (see
parts section) for corrosion protection of the tank. Certain water
conditions will cause a reaction between this rod and the water.
The most common complaint associated with the anode rod is one
of a “rotten egg smell” in the hot water. This odor is derived from
hydrogen sulfide gas dissolved in the water. The smell is the result
of four factors which must all be present for the odor to develop:
SMELLY WATER
An undersized water heater will cause more condensation. The water
heater must be sized properly to meet the family’s demands for hot
water including dishwashers, washing machines and shower heads.
Excessive condensation may be noticed during the winter and early
spring months when incoming water temperatures are at their lowest.
a. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
b. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
c. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated within the
water heater (this harmless bacteria is nontoxic to humans).
d. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused by the
corrosion protective action of the anode.
Good venting is essential for a gas fired water heater to operate properly
as well as to carry away products of combustion and water vapor.
SMOKE/ODOR
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water heater models
by replacing the anode(s) with one of less active material, and then
chlorinating the water heater tank and all hot water lines. Contact the
local water heater supplier or service agency for further information
concerning an Anode Replacement Kit and this chlorination treatment.
It is not uncommon to experience a small amount of smoke and odor
during the initial start-up. This is due to burning off of oil from metal
parts, and will disappear in a short while.
THERMAL EXPANSION
If the smelly water persists after the anode replacement and
chlorination treatment, we can only suggest that chlorination or aeration
of the water supply be considered to eliminate the water problem.
Do not remove the anode leaving the tank unprotected. By
doing so, all warranty on the water heater tank is voided.
“AIR” IN HOT WATER FAUCETS
Water supply systems may, because of such events as high line
pressure, frequent cut-offs, the effects of water hammer among others,
have installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check valves,
back flow preventers, etc. to control these types of problems. When
these devices are not equipped with an internal by-pass, and no other
measures are taken, the devices cause the water system to be closed.
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion) and closed systems
do not allow for the expansion of heated water.
The water within the water heater tank expands as it is heated and
increases the pressure of the water system. If the relieving point of
the water heater’s temperature-pressure relief valve is reached, the
valve will relieve the excess pressure. The temperature-pressure
relief valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. This is an unacceptable condition and must be corrected.
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot water
system that has not been used for a long period of time (generally
two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely flammable and
explosive. To prevent the possibility of injury under these conditions,
we recommend the hot water faucet, located farthest away, be opened
for several minutes before any electrical appliances which are
connected to the hot water system are used (such as a dishwasher
or washing machine). If hydrogen gas is present, there will probably
be an unusual sound similar to air escaping through the pipe as the
hot water faucet is opened. There must be no smoking or open flame
near the faucet at the time it is open.
It is recommended that any devices installed which could create a
closed system have a by-pass and/or the system have an expansion
tank or device to relieve the pressure built by thermal expansion in
the water system. Expansion tanks are available for ordering through
a local plumbing contractor. Contact the local water heater supplier
or service agency for assistance in controlling these situations.
STRANGE SOUNDS
HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE SHUT OFF SYSTEM
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some metal
parts during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not necessarily
represent harmful or dangerous conditions.
This water heater is equipped with an automatic gas Shut-off system.
This system works when high water temperatures are present. The
high temperature Shut-off is built into the gas control valve. It is
non-resettable. If the high temperature Shut-off activates, the gas
control valve must be replaced. Contact your gas supplier or service
agency. Turn “OFF” the entire gas supply to the water heater.
Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the burner area
during heating and cooling periods and should be considered normal.
See “Condensation” in this section.
18
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
You should check for sooting. Soot is not normal and will impair proper
combustion.
VENTING SYSTEM INSPECTION
Soot build-up indicates a problem that requires correction before
further use. Turn “OFF” gas to water heater and leave off until repairs
are made, because failure to correct the cause of the sooting can
result in a fire causing death, serious injury, or property damage.
NATURAL
PROPANE
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the venting
system. You should look for:
1. Obstructions which could cause improper venting. The
combustion and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
FIGURE 17.
BURNER CLEANING
2. Damage or deterioration which could cause improper venting or
leakage of combustion products.
If inspection of the burner shows that cleaning is required, turn the gas
control knob clockwise (
) to the “OFF” position, depressing slightly.
3. Rusted flakes around top of water heater.
NOTE: The knob cannot be turned from “PILOT” to “OFF”
unless knob is depressed slightly. DO NOT FORCE.
Be sure the vent piping is properly connected to prevent escape of
dangerous flue gases which could cause deadly asphyxiation.
Loose deposits on or around the burner can be removed by carefully
using the hose of a vacuum cleaner inserted through the access
door of the water heater. If the burner needs to be removed for
additional cleaning, call a service agency to remove and clean the
burner and correct the problem that required the burner to be cleaned.
Obstructions and deteriorated vent systems may present serious
health risk or asphyxiation.
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system may occur if
air for combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Spray can
propellants, cleaning solvents, refrigerator and air conditioner
refrigerants, swimming pool chemicals, calcium and sodium chloride,
waxes, bleach and process chemicals are typical compounds which
are potentially corrosive.
HOUSEKEEPING
If after inspection of the vent system you found sooting or
deterioration, something is wrong. Call the local gas utility to correct
the problem and clean or replace the flue and venting before
resuming operation of the water heater.
BURNER INSPECTION
Flood damage to a water heater may not be readily visible or
immediately detectable. However, over a period of time a flooded
water heater will create dangerous conditions which can cause
DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Contact a qualified installer or service agency to replace a flooded
water heater. Do not attempt to repair the unit! It must be replaced!
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the main
burner and pilot burner, see Figure 17.
Vacuum around base of water heater for dust, dirt, and lint on a
regular basis.
19
INSTALLED IN SUITABLE AREA: To insure sufficient ventilation and
combustion air supply, proper clearances from the water heater must
be maintained. See “Locating the New Water Heater” section.
Combustible materials such as clothing, cleaning materials, or flammable
liquids, etc. must not be placed against or adjacent to the water heater
which can cause a fire.
In replacing the anode:
ANODE ROD INSPECTION
3. Drain approximately 5 gallons of water from tank. (Refer to “Draining
and Flushing” for proper procedures). Close drain valve.
1. Turn off gas supply to the water heater.
2. Shut off the water supply and open a nearby hot water faucet to
depressurize the water tank.
4. Remove old anode rod.
5. Use Tefl on® tape or approved pipe sealant on threads and install
new anode rod.
6. Turn on water supply and open a nearby hot water faucet to
purge air from water system. Check for any leaks and immediately
correct any if found.
7. Restart the water heater as directed in this manual. See the Repair
Parts Illustration for anode rod location.
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod, which will slowly
deplete (due to electrolysis) prolonging the life of the water heater by
protecting the glass-lined tank from corrosion. Adverse water quality,
hotter water temperatures, high hot water usage, and water softening
methods can increase the rate of anode rod depletion. Once the
anode rod is depleted, the tank will start to corrode, eventually
developing a leak.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE OPERATION
Certain water conditions will cause a reaction between the anode
rod and the water. The most common complaint associated with the
anode rod is a “rotten egg smell” produced from the presence of
hydrogen sulfi de gas dissolved in the water. IMPORTANT: Do not
remove this rod permanently as it will void any warranties. A special
anode rod may be available if water odor or discoloration occurs.
NOTE: This rod may reduce but not eliminate water odor problems.
The water supply system may require special fi ltration equipment
from a water conditioning company to successfully eliminate all water
odor problems.
The temperature-pressure relief valve must be manually operated at
least once a year.
Artifi cially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because the
process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and calcium ions.
The use of a water softener may decrease the life of the water
heater tank.
When checking the temperature-pressure relief valve operation, make
sure that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the temperaturepressure relief valve discharge line, and (2) that the water discharge
will not cause any property damage, as the water may be extremely
hot, see Figure 18.
The anode rod should be removed from the water heater tank every
3 years for inspection. NOTE: artificially softened water requires the
anode rod to be inspected annually.
The following are typical (but not all) signs of a depleted anode rod:
• The majority of the rods diameter is less than 3/8”.
• Signifi cant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or more of
the anode rod’s length) are visible.
FIGURE 19.
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet to
the water heater, follow the draining instructions, and replace the
temperature-pressure relief valve with a new one.
If the temperature-pressure relief valve on the appliance weeps or
discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal expansion. You
may have a check valve installed in the water line or a water meter
with a check valve. Consult your local water supplier or service
agency for further information. Do not plug the temperature-pressure
relief valve.
FIGURE 18.
If the anode rod show signs of either or both it should be replaced.
NOTE: Whether re-installing or replacing the anode rod, check for any
leaks and immediately correct if found.
20
DRAINING AND FLUSHING
3. Turning counterclockwise (
screw handle.
), remove the hex cap below the
4. Remove the was her and put the new one in place.
5. Screw the handle and cap assembly back into the drain valve and
retighten using a wrench. DO NOT OVER TIGHTEN.
6. Follow instructions in the “Filling The Water Heater” section.
7. Check for leaks.
8. Follow the lighting Instructions in the “Lighting and Operating
Instructions” section to restart the water heater.
It is recommended that the tank be drained and fl ushed every 6 months
to remove sediment which may build up during operation. The water
heater should be drained if being shut down during freezing
temperatures. To drain the tank, perform the following steps:
1. Turn off the gas to the water heater at the manual gas shut-off
valve.
2. Open a nearby hot water faucet until the water is no longer hot.
3. Close the cold water inlet valve.
FIGURE 20.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to an adequate
drain or external to the building.
SERVICE
5. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all of the water to drain
from the tank. Flush the tank with water as needed to remove
sediment.
Before calling for repair service, read the "Start Up Conditions" and
"Operational Conditions" found in the "For Your Information" section of
this manual.
6. Close the drain valve, refill the tank, and restart the heater as directed
in this manual.
If a condition persists or you are uncertain about the operation of the
water heater contact a service agency. If you are not thoroughly familiar
with gas codes, your water heater, and safety practices, contact your
gas supplier or qualified installer to check the water heater.
If the water heater is going to be shut down for an extended period, the
drain valve should be left open.
Use the ”Leakage Checkpoints” guide to check a “Leaking”
water heater. Many suspected “Leakers” are not leaking tanks. Often
the source of the water can be found and corrected.
IMPORTANT: Condensation may occur when refi lling the tank and
should not be confused with a tank leak.
DRAIN VALVE WASHER REPLACEMENT FOR
SELECTED MODELS WITH PLASTIC DRAIN VALVES
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater make
sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”, and never turn the gas
“ON” before the tank is completely full of water.
(See Figure 19)
Never use this water heater unless it is completely filled with water. To
prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water
must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas to the
water heater.
1. Turn “OFF” gas supply to water heater.
2. Follow “Draining” instructions.
21
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater make
sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”, and never turn the gas
“ON” before the tank is completely full of water.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely filled with water. To
prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water
must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas to the
water heater.
A. Water at the draft hood is water vapor which has condensed out
of the combustion products. This is caused by a problem in the
vent. Contact the gas utility.
B. *Condensation may be seen on pipes in humid weather or pipe
connections may be leaking.
C. *The anode rod fitting may be leaking.
D. Small amounts of water from temperature-pressure relief valve
may be due to thermal expansion or high water pressure in your
area.
E. *The temperature-pressure relief valve may be leaking at the tank
fitting.
F. Water from a drain valve may be due to the valve being slightly
opened.
G. *The drain valve may be leaking at the tank fitting.
H. Combustion products contain water vapor which can condense on
the cooler surfaces of the tank. Droplets form and drip onto the
burner or run on the floor. This is common at the time of start-up
after installation and when incoming water is cold.
I. Water in the water heater bottom or on the floor may be from
condensation, loose connections, or the relief valve. DO NOT replace
the water heater until a full inspection of all possible water sources
is made and necessary corrective steps taken.
Leakage from other appliances, water lines, or ground seepage should
also be checked.
*
22
To check where threaded portion enters tank, insert cotton swab
between jacket opening and fitting. If cotton is wet, follow “Draining”
instructions in the “Periodic Maintenance” section and then remove
fitting. Put pipe dope or teflon tape on the threads and replace.
Then follow “Filling the Water Heater” instructions in the “Installing
the New Water Heater” section.
REPAIR PARTS
Key No.
Part Description
1
Pipe Nipple
2
Burner Tube
3
Burner Head
4
Thermocouple
5
Pilot
6
Draft Hood
*7
Draft Hood Brace
8
Inlet Tube
9
Flue Baffle Assembly
10
Anode Rod
11
Cleanout Cover (Optional)
12
Cleanout Gasket (Optional)
13
Cleanout Screw (Optional)
14
Inner Door
15
Outer Door
16
Gas Control Valve/Thermostat
17
T & P Relief Valve
18
Drain Valve
19
Front Cover (optional)
20
Pilot Tube (LP)
21
Orifice
*22
Fitting Breakaway
*23
Metal Drain Pan
*24
Instruction Manual
* Not Shown.
Now that you have purchased this water heater, should a need
ever exist for repair parts or service, simply contact the company
it was purchased from or direct from the manufacturer listed
on the rating plate on the water heater.
DRAIN PAN
23
NATURAL
Be sure to provide all pertinent facts when you call or visit.
Selling prices will be furnished on request or parts will be
shipped at prevailing prices and you will be billed
accordingly.
The model number of your Gas Water Heater will be found on
the rating place located above the gas control valve.
PROPANE
WHEN ORDERING REPAIR PARTS, ALWAYS GIVE THE
FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
•
•
•
•
3/4" T&P RELIEF VALVE
AUTOMATIC, SELF-CLOSING TYPES
MODEL NUMBER
TYPE GAS (NATURAL OR PROPANE (L.P.)
SERIAL NUMBER
PART DESCRIPTION
17
THIS IS A REPAIR PARTS LIST, NOT A PACKING LIST.
23
APPROX.
INSULATION
THICKNESS
PRESS.
A=
TEMP
RELIEF
> OR = 1.5”
< 1.5”
150 LBS.
150 LBS.
2.13"
1.88"
210°F
210°F
A
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES
These guidelines should be utilized by a qualified service agent.
Problem
Cause
Solution
Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply connection,
WATER LEAKS
LEAKING T&P VALVE
Tighten threaded connections.
relief valve, drain valve, or thermostat threads.
Leakage from other appliances or water lines.
Inspect other appliances near water heater.
Condensation of flue products.
Refer to CONDENSATION.
Thermal expansion in closed water system.
Install thermal expansion tank (DO NOT plug T&P valve).
Improperly seated valve.
Check relief valve for proper operation
(DO NOT plug T&P valve).
SMELLY WATER
PILOT WILL NOT LIGHT
BURNER WILL NOT
STAY LIT
PILOT OUTAGE
High sulfate or mineral content in water supply.
Bacteria in water supply.
Chlorinate or aerate water supply.
Gas control knob not positioned correctly.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Main gas supply off.
Turn on main gas shutoff valve.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Match not close to pilot
Locate pilot, move match closer.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Defective Gas Control.
Replace Gas Control.
Dirty pilot burner.
Clean pilot assembly.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Defective Gas Control.
Replace Gas Control.
Thermocouple tip is not in contact with pilot flame.
NOT ENOUGH
HOT WATER
WATER TOO HOT
Insert thermocouple correctly.
Heater not lit or thermostat not on.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Thermostat set too low.
Refer to TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
Heater undersized.
Reduce hot water use.
Low gas pressure.
Contact your gas supplier.
Incoming water is unusually cold.
Allow more time for heater to re-heat.
Leaking hot water pipes or fixtures.
Have plumber check and repair leaks.
High temperature limit switch activated.
Contact a service agency to determine cause.
Thermostat set too high.
Refer to TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
WATER HEATER SOUNDS Condensation dripping on burner.
Sediment or calcium in bottom of heater tank.
SIZZLING OR
RUMBLING
SOOTING
Drain and flush heater thoroughly, then refill.
Improper combustion.
Refer to CONDENSATION.
Clean sediment from tank. Refer to DRAINING
instructions in Maintenance section of manual.
No adjustment available. Contact a service agency
to determine cause.
Lack of supply air.
VENT GAS ODORS
Improperly installed vent piping.
Contact a service agency to determine cause.
Downdraft.
Poor combustion.
24
NOTES
25
NOTES
26
NOTES
27
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