Switching Thyristors LxX8Ex/LxXx/QxX8Ex/QxXx Series Datasheet

Switching Thyristors LxX8Ex/LxXx/QxX8Ex/QxXx Series Datasheet
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
LxX8Ex & LxXx & QxX8E & QxXx Series
RoHS
Description
0.8 Amp bi-directional solid state switch series is designed
for AC switching and phase control applications such as
motor speed and temperature modulation controls, lighting
controls, and static switching relays.
Sensitive type devices guarantee gate control in Quadrants
I & IV needed for digital control circuitry.
Standard type devices normally operate in Quadrants I & III
triggered from AC line.
Features
• RoHS Compliant
• Voltage capability up to
600 V
• Glass – passivated
junctions
Main Features
Symbol
IT(RMS)
VDRM /VRRM
IGT (Q1)
Value
Unit
0.8
A
400 to 600
V
3 to 25
mA
• Surge capability up to
10 A
Applications
Excellent for lower current heating controls, water valves,
and solenoids.
Typical applications are AC solid-state switches, home/
brown goods and white goods appliances.
Schematic Symbol
MT2
Sensitive gate Triacs can be directly driven by
microprocessor or popular opto-couplers/isolators.
MT1
Additional Information
G
Datasheet
Samples
Resources
Absolute Maximum Ratings — Sensitive Triacs (4 Quadrants)
Symbol
Parameter
Value
Unit
TC = 50°C
0.8
A
RMS on-state current (full sine wave)
LxX8y/LxXy
ITSM
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
f = 50 Hz
t = 20 ms
8.3
f = 60 Hz
t = 16.7 ms
10
I2t
I2t Value for fusing
IT(RMS)
tp = 8.3 ms
A
0.41
A2s
di/dt
Critical rate of rise of on-state current
(IG = 50mA with ≤ 0.1μs rise time)
f = 120 Hz
TJ = 110°C
20
A/μs
IGTM
Peak gate trigger current
tp = 10 μs
TJ = 110°C
1
A
PG(AV)
Average gate power dissipation
TJ = 110°C
0.2
W
LxX8Ey
-65 to 150
LxXy
-40 to 150
LxX8Ey
-65 to 110
LxXy
-40 to 110
Storage temperature range
Tstg
TJ
Operating junction temperature range
Note: x = voltage, y = sensitivity
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
°C
°C
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
Absolute Maximum Ratings — Standard Triac
Symbol
Parameter
Value
Unit
TC = 60°C
0.8
A
RMS on-state current
(full sine wave)
QxXE8y/
QxXy
ITSM
Non repetitive surge peak on-state current
(full cycle, TJ initial = 25°C)
f = 50 Hz
t = 20 ms
8.3
f = 60 Hz
t = 16.7 ms
10
I2t
I2t Value for fusing
IT(RMS)
tp = 8.3 ms
A
0.41
A2s
di/dt
Critical rate of rise of on-state current
(IG = 200mA with ≤ 0.1μs rise time)
f = 120 Hz
TJ = 125°C
20
A/μs
IGTM
Peak gate trigger current
tp = 10 μs;
IGT ≤ IGTM
TJ = 125°C
1
A
PG(AV)
Average gate power dissipation
TJ = 125°C
0.2
W
QxX8Ey
-65 to 150
QxXy
-40 to 150
QxX8Ey
-65 to 125
QxXy
-40 to 125
Tstg
TJ
Storage junction temperature range
Operating junction temperature range
°C
°C
Note: x = voltage, y = sensitivity
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) — Sensitive Triac (4 Quadrants)
Symbol
IGT
Test Conditions
Quadrant
I – II – III
VD = 12V RL = 30 Ω
VGT
IV
ALL
VGD
VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 110°C
IH
IT = 100mA
dv/dt
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 100°C
(dv/dt)c
(di/dt)c = 0.43 A/ms TJ = 110°C
tgt
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15μs IT = 1.13 A(pk)
ALL
MAX.
LxX8E3
LxX3
LxX8E5
LxX5
LxX8E6
LxX6
LxX8E8
LxX8
3
5
5
10
3
5
10
20
MAX.
1.3
MIN.
MAX.
400V
mA
V
0.2
V
5
10
10
15
15
15
25
30
10
10
20
25
TYP.
0.5
1
1
2
V/μs
TYP.
2.8
3.0
3.0
3.2
μs
TYP.
600V
Unit
mA
V/μs
Electrical Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified) — Standard Triac
Symbol
IGT
Test Conditions
VD = 12V RL = 60 Ω
VGT
Quadrant
QxX8E3
QxX3
QxX8E4
QxX4
Unit
I – II – III
MAX.
10
25
IV
TYP.
25
50
I – II – III
MAX.
1.3
1.3
MIN.
0.2
0.2
V
MAX.
15
25
mA
25
35
15
25
ALL
mA
V
VGD
VD = VDRM RL = 3.3 kΩ TJ = 125°C
IH
IT = 200mA
dv/dt
VD = VDRM Gate Open TJ = 125°C
(dv/dt)c
(di/dt)c = 0.43 A/ms TJ = 125°C
TYP.
1
1
V/μs
tgt
IG = 2 x IGT PW = 15μs IT = 1.13 A(pk)
TYP.
2.5
3.0
μs
400V
600V
MIN.
V/μs
Note: x = voltage
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
Static Characteristics (TJ = 25°C, unless otherwise specified)
Symbol
Test Conditions
ITM = 1.13A tp = 380 µs
VTM
MAX.
LxX8Ey / LxXy
IDRM
IRRM
VDRM = VRRM
MAX.
QxX8Ey / QxXy
Value
Unit
1.60
V
TJ = 25°C
400-600V
2
μA
TJ = 110°C
400-600V
0.1
mA
TJ = 25°C
400-600V
5
μA
TJ = 125°C
400-600V
1
mA
Thermal Resistances
Symbol
Parameter
Rθ(J-C)
Junction to case (AC)
Rθ(J-A)
Junction to ambient
Value
L/QxX8Ey
60
L/QxXy
60*
L/QxX8Ey
135
Unit
°C/W
°C/W
Note: * = Mounted on 1 cm2 1 copper (two-ounce) foil surface
Figure 2: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Current for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 1: Definition of Quadrants
ALL POLARITIES ARE REFERENCED TO MT1
+
(+)
IGT
GATE
MT1
IGT
REF
(-)
MT1
IGT
GATE
(+)
MT1
REF
REF
QII QI
QIII QIV
MT2
MT2
IGT
IGT
GATE
4.0
-
MT2
IGT
GATE
MT2 NEGATIVE
(Negative Half Cycle)
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
+
IGT
IGT (TJ = 25°C)
(-)
MT2 POSITIVE
(Positive Half Cycle)
Ratio of
MT2
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
MT1
REF
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
Junction Temperature (TJ)- ºC
85
110
+125
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
Figure 3: Normalized DC Holding Current
vs. Junction Temperature
Figure 4: Normalized DC Gate Trigger Voltage for
All Quadrants vs. Junction Temperature
VGT
3.0
2.0
VGT (TJ = 25°C)
4.0
Ratio of
IH
Ratio of
IH (TJ = 25°C)
4.0
1.0
3.0
2.0
1.0
0.0
0.0
-65
-40
-15
10
35
60
85
110
-65
125
-40
Figure 5: Power Dissipation (Typical)
vs. RMS On-State Current
35
60
85
110
125
130
120
1.0
Maximum Allowable
Case Temperature (TC) - °C
Average On-State
Power Dissipation (PD(AV)) - Watts
10
Figure 6: M
aximum Allowable Case Temperature
vs. On-State Current
1.3
CURRENT WAVE FORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360°
0.8
0.5
0.3
QxX8Ex / QxXx
110
CURRENT WAVE FORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360°
CASE TEMPERATURE: Measured as
shown on Dimensional Drawing
100
90
80
LxX8Ex / LxXx
70
60
0
50
0
0.25
0.5
0.75
0
1
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1.0
RMS On-State Current (IT(RMS)) - Amps
RMS On-State Current (IT(RMS)) - Amps
Figure 7: Maximum Allowable Ambient Temperature
vs. On-State Current
Figure 8: O
n-State Current vs. On-State Voltage
(Typical)
6
120
TJ = 25°C
CURRENT WAVEFORM: Sinusoidal
LOAD: Resistive or Inductive
CONDUCTION ANGLE: 360°
FREE AIR RATING – NO HEATSINK
100
5
On-State Current (IT) - Amps
Maximum Allowable
Ambient Temperature (TA) - °C
-15
Junction Temperature (TJ)- ºC
Junction Temperature (TJ)- ºC
80
60
40
4
3
2
1
20
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
RMS On-State Current (IT(RMS)) - Amps
0.5
0.6
0
0.6
0.8
1.0
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
On-State Voltage (VT) - Volts
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
Figure 9: Surge Peak On-State Current vs. Number of Cycles
Peak Surge (Non-repetitive) On-State Current
(ITSM ) – Amps
100
Supply Frequency: 60Hz Sinusoidal
Load: Resistive
RMS On-State [IT(RMS)]: Max Rated Value at
Specific Case Temperature
Notes:
1. G
ate control may be lost during and immediately
following surge current interval.
2. Overload may not be repeated until junction
temperature has returned to steady-state
rated value.
10
1
1
10
100
1000
Surge Current Duration – Full Cycles
Soldering Parameters
Pre Heat
Pb – Free assembly
- Temperature Min (Ts(min))
150°C
- Temperature Max (Ts(max))
200°C
- Time (min to max) (ts)
60 – 180 secs
Average ramp up rate (Liquidus Temp)
(TL) to peak
5°C/second max
TS(max) to TL - Ramp-up Rate
5°C/second max
Reflow
- Temperature (TL) (Liquidus)
217°C
- Temperature (tL)
60 – 150 seconds
Peak Temperature (TP)
260+0/-5 °C
Time within 5°C of actual peak
Temperature (tp)
20 – 40 seconds
Ramp-down Rate
5°C/second max
Time 25°C to peak Temperature (TP)
8 minutes Max.
Do not exceed
280°C
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
tP
TP
Temperature
Reflow Condition
Ramp-up
TL
tL
TS(max)
Preheat
TS(min)
25
Ramp-do
Ramp-down
tS
time to peak temperature
Time
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
Physical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Terminal Finish
100% Matte Tin-plated
Body Material
UL recognized epoxy meeting flammability
classification 94V-0
Lead Material
Copper Alloy
Test
AC Blocking
Temperature Cycling
Temperature/
Humidity
Design Considerations
High Temp Storage
Careful selection of the correct device for the application’s
operating parameters and environment will go a long way
toward extending the operating life of the Thyristor. Good
design practice should limit the maximum continuous
current through the main terminals to 75% of the device
rating. Other ways to ensure long life for a power discrete
semiconductor are proper heat sinking and selection of
voltage ratings for worst case conditions. Overheating,
overvoltage (including dv/dt), and surge currents are
the main killers of semiconductors. Correct mounting,
soldering, and forming of the leads also help protect
against component damage.
Low-Temp Storage
Thermal Shock
Autoclave
Specifications and Conditions
MIL-STD-750, M-1040, Cond A Applied
Peak AC voltage @ 125°C for 1008 hours
MIL-STD-750, M-1051,
100 cycles; -40°C to +150°C; 15-min
dwell-time
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A101
1008 hours; 320V - DC: 85°C; 85%
rel humidity
MIL-STD-750, M-1031,
1008 hours; 150°C
1008 hours; -40°C
MIL-STD-750, M-1056
10 cycles; 0°C to 100°C; 5-min dwelltime at each temperature; 10 sec (max)
transfer time between temperature
EIA / JEDEC, JESD22-A102
168 hours (121°C at 2 ATMs) and
100% R/H
Resistance to
Solder Heat
MIL-STD-750 Method 2031
Solderability
ANSI/J-STD-002, category 3, Test A
Lead Bend
MIL-STD-750, M-2036 Cond E
Dimensions — TO-92 (E Package)
TC Measuring Point
A
B
MT1
MT2
Gate
E
H
M
L
G
Dimension
Inches
Millimeters
Min
Max
0.196
A
0.176
B
0.500
D
0.095
E
0.150
F
0.046
Min
Max
4.47
4.98
12.70
0.105
2.41
2.67
3.81
0.054
1.16
1.37
G
0.135
0.145
3.43
3.68
H
0.088
0.096
2.23
2.44
J
0.176
0.186
4.47
4.73
K
0.088
0.096
2.23
2.44
L
0.013
0.019
0.33
0.48
M
0.013
0.017
0.33
0.43
All leads insulated from case. Case is electrically nonconductive.
F
D
K
J
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
Dimensions — Compak (C Package)
TC / TL Temperature
Measurement Point
M
A
Dimension
Gate
B
D
N
P
C
MT1
MT2
F
H
L
E
J
0.079
(2.0)
K
G
0.079
(2.0)
0.079
(2.0)
0.040
(1.0)
0.030
(0.76)
0.110
(2.8)
Dimensions are in inches
(and millimeters).
Pad Outline
Inches
Min
Millimeters
Max
Min
Max
A
0.130
0.156
3.30
3.95
B
0.201
0.220
5.10
5.60
C
0.077
0.087
1.95
2.20
D
0.159
0.181
4.05
4.60
E
0.030
0.063
0.75
1.60
F
0.075
0.096
1.90
2.45
G
0.002
0.008
0.05
0.20
H
0.077
0.104
1.95
2.65
J
0.043
0.053
1.09
1.35
K
0.006
0.016
0.15
0.41
L
0.030
0.055
0.76
1.40
M
0.022
0.028
0.56
0.71
N
0.027
0.033
0.69
0.84
P
0.052
0.058
1.32
1.47
Product Selector
Part Number
Voltage
Gate Sensitivity Quadrants
Type
Package
3 mA
Sensitive Triac
TO-92
3 mA
3 mA
Sensitive Triac
Compak
X
5 mA
5 mA
Sensitive Triac
TO-92
X
X
5 mA
5 mA
Sensitive Triac
Compak
LxX8E6
X
X
5 mA
10 mA
Sensitive Triac
TO-92
LxX8E8
X
X
10 mA
20 mA
Sensitive Triac
TO-92
QxX8E3
X
X
10 mA
Standard Triac
TO-92
QxX3
X
X
10 mA
Standard Triac
Compak
QxX8E4
X
X
25 mA
Standard Triac
TO-92
QxX4
X
X
25 mA
Standard Triac
Compak
400V
600V
I – II – III
IV
LxX8E3
X
X
3 mA
LxX3
X
X
LxX8E5
X
LxX5
Note: x = voltage
Packing Options
Part Number
Marking
Weight
Packing Mode
Base Quantity
L/QxX8Ey
0.188 g
Bulk
2000
L/QxX8EyRP
L/QxX8Ey
0.188 g
Reel Pack
2000
L/QxX8EyAP
L/QxX8Ey
0.188 g
Ammo Pack
2000
L/QxXy
0.081 g
Embossed Carrier
2500
L/QxX8Ey
L/QxXyRP
Note: x = voltage, y = sensitivity
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
TO-92 (3-lead) Reel Pack (RP) Radial Leaded Specifications
Meets all EIA-468-C Standards
0.02 (0.5)
0.236
(6.0)
1.6
(41.0)
0.708
(18.0)
0.098 (2.5) MAX
1.26
(32.0)
0.354
(9.0)
0.5
(12.7)
0.1 (2.54)
MT1
0.2 (5.08)
MT2
Gate
0.157 DIA
(4.0)
14.17(360.0)
Flat up
1.97
(50.0)
Dimensions
are in inches
(and millimeters).
Direction of Feed
TO-92 (3-lead) Ammo Pack (AP) Radial Leaded Specifications
Meets all EIA-468-C Standards
0.236
(6.0)
1.62
(41.2)
0.708
(18.0)
0.02 (0.5)
0.098 (2.5) MAX
1.27
(32.2)
0.354
(9.0)
0.1 (2.54)
0.5
(12.7)
0.157
(4.0) DIA
MT2
MT1
0.2 (5.08)
Gate
Flat down
eed
n of F
Directio
25 Devices per fold
1.85
(47.0)
12.2
(310.0)
1.85
(47.0)
Dimensions
are in inches
(and millimeters).
13.3
(338.0)
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
Teccor® brand Thyristors
0.8 Amp Sensitive & Standard Triacs
Compak Embossed Carrier Reel Pack (RP) Specifications
Meets all EIA-481-1 Standards
0.157
(4.0)
0.47
(12.0)
MT2
0.36
(9.2)
8.0
0.315
(8.0)
0.512 (13.0) Arbor
Hole Dia.
MT1
Gate
0.059 DIA
(1.5)
12.99
(330.0)
Cover tape
Dimensions
are in inches
(and millimeters).
0.49
(12.4)
Direction of Feed
Part Numbering System
Part Marking System
TO-92 (E Package)
L 4 X8 E 5
DEVICE TYPE
L : Sensitive Triac
Q : Triac
VOLTAGE RATING
4 : 400V
6 : 600V
CURRENT RATING
X8 : 0.8A (TO-92)
X : 0.8A (Compak)
© 2014 Littelfuse, Inc.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
Revised: 12/14/14
SENSITIVITY & TYPE
Sensitive Triac:
3 : 3 mA (QI, II, III, IV)
5 : 5 mA (QI, II, III, IV)
6 : 5 mA (QI, II, III)
10 mA (QIV)
8 : 10 mA (QI, II, III)
20 mA (QIV)
Standard Triac:
3 : 10 mA (QI, II, III)
4 : 25 mA (QI, II, III)
PACKAGE TYPE
Blank : Compak (Surface Mount)
E : TO-92
Compak (C Package)
L4X8E5
®
L4X5
YMLXX
®
Date Code Marking
Y:Year Code
M: Month Code
L: Location Code
XX: Lot Serial Code
YMXXX
Date Code Marking
Y:Year Code
M: Month Code
XXX: Lot Trace Code
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