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9.19.1Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit
User Guide
101 Innovation Drive
San Jose, CA 95134
www.altera.com
UG-01061-2.2
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are trademarks and/or service marks of Altera Corporation in the U.S. and other countries. All other words and logos identified as trademarks and/or service marks
are the property of Altera Corporation or their respective owners. Altera products are protected under numerous U.S. and foreign patents and pending applications,
maskwork rights, and copyrights. Altera warrants performance of its semiconductor products to current specifications in accordance with Altera's standard
warranty, but reserves the right to make changes to any products and services at any time without notice. Altera assumes no responsibility or liability arising out of
the application or use of any information, product, or service described herein except as expressly agreed to in writing by Altera. Altera customers are advised to
obtain the latest version of device specifications before relying on any published information and before placing orders for products or services.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Contents
Chapter 1. About This Kit
Kit Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–1
Hardware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–1
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2
Quartus II Subscription Edition Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–2
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit Installer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1–3
Chapter 2. Getting Started
Before You Begin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–1
Inspect the Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–1
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2–1
Chapter 3. Software Installation
Installing the Quartus II Subscription Edition Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–1
Licensing Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–1
Installing the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–2
Installing the USB-Blaster Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3–3
Chapter 4. Development Board Setup
Setting Up the Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–1
Factory Default Switch Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4–2
Chapter 5. Board Update Portal
Connecting to the Board Update Portal Web Page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–1
Using the Board Update Portal to Update User Designs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5–2
Chapter 6. Board Test System
Preparing the Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–3
Running the Board Test System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–3
Using the Board Test System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–4
The Configure Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–4
The Config Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–4
Board Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–4
MAX II Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–5
JTAG Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–5
Flash Memory Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–6
The GPIO Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–6
Character LCD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–6
User DIP Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–7
User LEDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–7
Push Button Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–7
The SRAM&Flash Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–8
SRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–8
Flash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–9
The DDR3 Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–10
Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–10
Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–10
Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–10
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Contents
Performance Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–11
Error Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–11
Number of Addresses to Write and Read . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–11
Data Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–11
Read and Write Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–12
The QDRII+ Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–12
Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–13
Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–13
Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–13
Performance Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–13
Error Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–13
Number of Addresses to Write and Read . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–13
Data Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–14
The HSMC Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–14
Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–15
Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–15
Data Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–15
Error Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–15
Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–16
Stop . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–16
Performance Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–16
The Video Tab . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–17
HDMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–17
SDI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–19
The Power Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–19
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–20
Temperature Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–21
Power Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–21
12V Power Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–21
Power Graph . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–21
Graph Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–21
Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–21
Calculating Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–22
The Clock Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–22
Serial Port Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–23
fXTAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–23
Disable Oscillator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–23
Target Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–24
Reset Si570 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–24
Set New Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–24
Configuring the FPGA Using the Quartus II Programmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6–24
Appendix A. Programming the Flash Memory Device
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CFI Flash Memory Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing Design Files for Flash Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating Flash Files Using the Nios II EDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Programming Flash Memory Using the Board Update Portal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Programming Flash Memory Using the Nios II EDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restoring the Flash Device to the Factory Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restoring the MAX II CPLD to the Factory Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A–1
A–1
A–2
A–2
A–3
A–3
A–4
A–5
Additional Information
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Contents
v
Document Revision History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Info–1
How to Contact Altera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Info–2
Typographic Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Info–2
March 2014
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Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Contents
March 2014 Altera Corporation
1. About This Kit
The Altera® Stratix® IV GX FPGA Development Kit is a complete design environment
that includes both the hardware and software you need to develop Stratix IV GX
FPGA designs. The PCI-SIG-compliant board and the one-year license for the
Quartus® II software provide everything you need to begin developing custom
Stratix IV GX FPGA designs. The following list describes what you can accomplish
with the kit:
■
Develop and test PCI Express® (PCIe) 2.0 designs
■
Develop and test memory subsystems consisting of DDR3 and QDR II+ memories
■
Build designs capable of migrating to Altera’s low-cost HardCopy® IV ASICs
■
Take advantage of the modular and scalable design by using the high-speed
mezzanine card (HSMC) connectors to interface to over 20 different HSMCs
provided by Altera partners, supporting protocols such as Serial RapidIO®,
10 Gigabit Ethernet, SONET, Common Public Radio Interface (CPRI), Open Base
Station Architecture Initiative (OBSAI) and others
■
Develop FPGAs design for cost-sensitive applications
■
Measure the FPGA's low power consumption
Kit Features
This section briefly describes the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit contents.
Hardware
The Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit includes the following hardware:
■
Stratix IV GX FPGA development board—A development platform that allows
you to develop and prototype hardware designs running on the Stratix IV GX
EP4SGX230 FPGA.
f For detailed information about the board components and interfaces, refer
to the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Board Reference Manual.
March 2014
■
HSMC loopback board—A daughtercard that allows for loopback testing all
signals on the HSMC interface using the Board Test System
■
HSMC debug breakout board—A daughtercard that routes 40 CMOS signals to a
0.1" header and adds 20 LEDs to the remaining 40 CMOS signals.
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
1–2
Chapter 1: About This Kit
Kit Features
■
Power supply and cables—The kit includes the following items:
■
Power supply and AC adapters for North America/Japan, Europe, and the
United Kingdom
■
USB cable
■
Ethernet cable
■
75  SMB video cable
Software
The software for this kit, described in the following sections, is available on the Altera
website for immediate downloading. You can also request to have Altera mail the
software to you on DVDs.
Quartus II Subscription Edition Software
The Quartus II Subscription Edition Software is a licensed set of Altera tools with full
functionality. Your kit includes a development kit edition (DKE) license for the
Quartus II software (Windows platform only). This license entitles you to all the
features of the subscription edition for a period of one year. After the year, you must
purchase a renewal subscription to continue using the software. For more
information, refer to the Altera website (www.altera.com).
f Download the Quartus II Subscription Edition Software from the Quartus II
Subscription Edition Software page of the Altera website. Alternatively, you can
request a DVD from the Altera IP and Software DVD Request Form page of the Altera
website.
The Quartus II Subscription Edition Software includes the following items:
■
Quartus II Software—The Quartus II software, including the SOPC Builder system
development tool, provides a comprehensive environment for
system-on-a-programmable-chip (SOPC) design. The Quartus II software
integrates into nearly any design environment and provides interfaces to
industry-standard EDA tools.
f The kit includes a development kit edition (DKE) license for the Quartus II
software (Windows platform only). This license entitles you to all the
features of the subscription edition for a period of one year. After the year,
you must purchase a renewal subscription to continue using the software.
For more information, refer to the Altera website (www.altera.com).
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter 1: About This Kit
Kit Features
1–3
■
MegaCore® IP Library—A library that contains Altera IP MegaCore functions. You
can evaluate MegaCore functions by using the OpenCore Plus feature to do the
following:
■
Simulate behavior of a MegaCore function within your system
■
Verify functionality of your design, and quickly and easily evaluate its size and
speed
■
Generate time-limited device programming files for designs that include
MegaCore functions
■
Program a device and verify your design in hardware
1
The OpenCore Plus hardware evaluation feature is an evaluation tool for
prototyping only. You must purchase a license to use a MegaCore function
in production.
f For more information about OpenCore Plus, refer to OpenCore Plus
Evaluation of Megafunctions.
■
Nios® II Embedded Design Suite (EDS)—A full-featured set of tools that allow you
to develop embedded software for the Nios II processor, which you can include in
your Altera FPGA designs.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit Installer
The license-free Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit installer includes all the
documentation and design examples for the kit.
Download the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit installer from the Stratix IV GX
FPGA Development Kit page of the Altera website. Alternatively, you can request a
development kit DVD from the Altera Kit Installations DVD Request Form page of
the Altera website.
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
1–4
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Chapter 1: About This Kit
Kit Features
March 2014 Altera Corporation
2. Getting Started
The remaining chapters in this user guide lead you through the following
Stratix IV GX FPGA development board setup steps:
■
Inspecting the contents of the kit
■
Installing the design and kit software
■
Setting up, powering up, and verifying correct operation of the FPGA
development board
■
Configuring the Stratix IV GX FPGA
■
Running the Board Test System designs
f For complete information about the FPGA development board, refer to the
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Board Reference Manual.
Before You Begin
Before using the kit or installing the software, check the kit contents and inspect the
board to verify that you received all of the items listed in “Kit Features” on page 1–1.
If any of the items are missing, contact Altera before you proceed.
Inspect the Board
To inspect the board, perform the following steps:
1. Place the board on an anti-static surface and inspect it to ensure that it has not been
damaged during shipment.
c
Without proper anti-static handling, you can damage the board.
2. Verify that all components are on the board and appear intact.
1
In typical applications with the Stratix IV GX FPGA development board, a heat sink is
not necessary. However, under extreme conditions or for engineering sample silicon
the board might require additional cooling to stay within operating temperature
guidelines. You can perform power consumption and thermal modeling to determine
whether your application requires additional cooling. For information about
measuring board and FPGA temperature in real time, refer to “The Power Monitor”
on page 6–19.
f For more information about power consumption and thermal modeling, refer to
Thermal Management for FPGAs.
References
Use the following links to check the Altera website for other related information:
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
2–2
Chapter 2: Getting Started
References
■
For the latest board design files and reference designs, refer to the Stratix IV GX
FPGA Development Kit page.
■
For additional daughter cards available for purchase, refer to the Development
Board Daughtercards page.
■
For the Stratix IV GX device documentation, refer to the Literature: Stratix IV
Devices page.
■
To purchase devices from the eStore, refer to the Devices page.
■
For Stratix IV GX OrCAD symbols, refer to the Capture CIS Symbols page.
■
For Nios II 32-bit embedded processor solutions, refer to the Embedded
Processing page.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
3. Software Installation
This section explains how to install the following software:
■
Quartus II Subscription Edition Software
■
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit
■
USB-Blaster™ driver
Installing the Quartus II Subscription Edition Software
The Quartus II Subscription Edition Software provides the necessary tools used for
developing hardware and software for Altera FPGAs. Included in the Quartus II
Subscription Edition Software are the Quartus II software, the Nios II EDS, and the
MegaCore IP Library. The Quartus II software (including SOPC Builder) and the
Nios II EDS are the primary FPGA development tools used to create the reference
designs in this kit. To install the Altera development tools, perform the following
steps:
1. Run the Quartus II Subscription Edition Software installer you acquired in
“Software” on page 1–2.
2. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation process.
f If you have difficulty installing the Quartus II software, refer to Altera Software
Installation and Licensing.
Licensing Considerations
Purchasing this kit entitles you to a one-year DKE license for the Quartus II
Subscription Edition Software. Before using the Quartus II software, you must
activate your license, identify specific users and computers, and obtain and install a
license file.
If you already have a licensed version of the subscription edition, you can use that
license file with this kit. If not, you need to obtain and install a license file. To begin,
go to the Self Service Licensing Center page of the Altera website, log into or create
your myAltera account, and take the following actions:
1. On the Activate Products page, enter the serial number provided with your
development kit in the License Activation Code box.
March 2014
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Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
3–2
Chapter 3: Software Installation
Installing the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit
1
Your serial number is printed on the development kit box below the bottom
bar code. The number is 10 or 11 alphanumeric characters and does not
contain hyphens. Figure 3–1 shows an example serial number:
3S150SPXXXX.
Figure 3–1. Locating Your Serial Number
2. Consult the Activate Products table, to determine how to proceed.
a. If the administrator listed for your product is someone other than you, skip the
remaining steps and contact your administrator to become a licensed user.
b. If the administrator listed for your product is you, proceed to the next step.
c. If the administrator listed for your product is Stocking, activate the product,
making you the administrator, and proceed to the next step.
3. Use the Create New License page to license your product for a specific user (you)
on specific computers. The Manage Computers and Manage Users pages allow
you to add users and computers not already present in the licensing system.
1
To license the Quartus II software, you need your computer’s network
interface card (NIC) ID, a number that uniquely identifies your computer.
On the computer you use to run the Quartus II software, type ipconfig
/all at a command prompt to determine the NIC ID. Your NIC ID is the 12digit hexadecimal number on the Physical Address line.
4. When licensing is complete, Altera emails a license.dat file to you. Store the file on
your computer and use the License Setup page of the Options dialog box in the
Quartus_II software to enable the software.
f For complete licensing details, refer to Altera Software Installation and Licensing.
Installing the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit
To install the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit, perform the following steps:
1. Run the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit installer you acquired in
“Software” on page 1–2.
2. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation process. Be sure that
the installation directory you choose is in the same relative location to your
Quartus II software as the default locations.
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March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter 3: Software Installation
Installing the USB-Blaster Driver
3–3
The installation program creates the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit directory
structure shown in Figure 3–2.
Figure 3–2. Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit Installed Directory Structure (1)
<install dir>
The default Windows installation directory is C:\altera\<version>\.
kits
stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga
board_design_files
demos
documents
examples
factory_recovery
Note to Figure 3–2:
(1) Early-release versions might have slightly different directory names.
Table 3–1 lists the file directory names and a description of their contents.
Table 3–1. Installed Directory Contents
Directory Name
Description of Contents
board_design_files
Contains schematic, layout, assembly, and bill of material board design files. Use these files as a
starting point for a new prototype board design.
demos
Contains demonstration applications.
documents
Contains the kit documentation.
examples
Contains the sample design files for the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit.
factory_recovery
Contains the original data programmed onto the board before shipment. Use this data to restore
the board with its original factory contents.
Installing the USB-Blaster Driver
The Stratix IV GX FPGA development board includes integrated USB-Blaster circuitry
for FPGA programming. However, for the host computer and board to communicate,
you must install the USB-Blaster driver on the host computer.
f Installation instructions for the USB-Blaster driver for your operating system are
available on the Altera website. On the Altera Programming Cable Driver Information
page of the Altera website, locate the table entry for your configuration and click the
link to access the instructions.
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
3–4
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Chapter 3: Software Installation
Installing the USB-Blaster Driver
March 2014 Altera Corporation
4. Development Board Setup
This chapter explains how to set up the Stratix IV GX FPGA development board.
Setting Up the Board
To prepare and apply power to the board, perform the following steps:
1. The Stratix IV GX FPGA development board ships with its board switches
preconfigured to support the design examples in the kit. If you suspect your board
might not be currently configured with the default settings, follow the instructions
in “Factory Default Switch Settings” on page 4–2 to return the board to its factory
settings before proceeding.
2. The FPGA development board ships with design examples stored in the flash
memory device. Verify the rotary switch (SW2) is set to the 0 position to load the
design stored in the factory portion of flash memory. Figure 4–1 shows the rotary
switch location on the Stratix IV GX FPGA development board.
3. Connect the DC adapter (+16 V, 3.75 A) to the DC power jack (J4) on the FPGA
board and plug the cord into a power outlet.
c
Use only the supplied power supply. Power regulation circuitry on the
board can be damaged by power supplies with greater voltage.
4. Set the POWER switch (SW1) to the on position. When power is supplied to the
board, a blue LED (D24) illuminates, indicating that the board has power.
The MAX II device on the board contains (among other things) a parallel flash loader
(PFL) megafunction. When the board powers up, the PFL reads a design from flash
memory and configures the FPGA. The rotary switch (SW2) controls which design to
load. When the switch is in the 0 position, the PFL loads the design from the factory
portion of flash memory. When the switch is in the 1 position, the PFL loads the
design from the user hardware portion of flash memory.
1
The kit includes a MAX II design which contains the MAX II PFL megafunction. The
design resides in the <install dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\examples\max2
directory.
When configuration is complete, the CONF DONE LED (D5) illuminates, signaling
that the Stratix IV GX device configured successfully.
f For more information about the PFL megafunction, refer to Using the Parallel Flash
Loader with the Quartus II Software.
March 2014
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Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
4–2
Chapter 4: Development Board Setup
Factory Default Switch Settings
Factory Default Switch Settings
This section shows the factory switch settings for the Stratix IV GX FPGA
development board. Figure 4–1 shows the switch locations and the default position of
each switch on the top side of the board.
Figure 4–1. Switch Locations and Default Settings on the Board Top
SW3
SW2
OFF = 1
ON = 0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
0
ON
Rotary User DIP
Switch Switch
Figure 4–2 shows the switch locations and the default position of each switch on the
bottom side of the board.
Figure 4–2. Switch Locations and Default Settings on the Board Bottom
SW4
OFF = 1
ON = 0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
ON
Board
Settings
SW5
ON
SW6
ON
ON = 0
1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4
PCIe
JTAG
OFF = 1
To restore the switches to their factory default settings, perform the following steps:
1. Set the rotary switch (SW2) to the 0 position, as shown in Figure 4–1.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter 4: Development Board Setup
Factory Default Switch Settings
4–3
2. Set DIP switch bank (SW3) to match Table 4–1 and Figure 4–1.
Table 4–1. SW3 Dip Switch Settings
Switch
Board
Label
Default
Position
Function
Switch 1 has the following options:
1
USER_DIPSW0
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
Switch 2 has the following options:
2
USER_DIPSW1
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
Switch 3 has the following options:
3
USER_DIPSW2
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
Switch 4 has the following options:
4
USER_DIPSW3
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
Switch 5 has the following options:
5
USER_DIPSW4
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
Switch 6 has the following options:
6
USER_DIPSW5
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
Switch 7 has the following options:
7
USER_DIPSW6
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
Switch 8 has the following options:
8
USER_DIPSW7
■
When on, a logic 1 is selected.
■
When off, a logic 0 is selected.
Off
3. Set DIP switch bank (SW4) to match Table 4–2 and Figure 4–2.
Table 4–2. SW4 Dip Switch Settings (Part 1 of 2)
Switch
Board
Label
Function
Default
Position
Switch 1 has the following options:
1
MAX_DIP
■
When on, reserved.
■
When off, reserved.
Off
Switch 2 has the following options:
2
March 2014
USB_DISABLEn
Altera Corporation
■
When on, the embedded USB-Blaster is disabled.
■
When off, the embedded USB-Blaster is enabled.
Off
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
4–4
Chapter 4: Development Board Setup
Factory Default Switch Settings
Table 4–2. SW4 Dip Switch Settings (Part 2 of 2)
Switch
Board
Label
Default
Position
Function
Switch 3 has the following options:
3
LCD_PWRMON
■
When on, the LCD is driven from the MAX II device.
■
When off, the LCD is driven from the FPGA.
On
Switch 4 has the following options:
4
FAN_FORCE_ON
■
When on, the fan is forced on.
■
When off, the fan speed is controlled by the MAX1619 device.
Off
Switch 5 has the following options:
5
CLK_SEL
■
When on, the 100 MHz oscillator input is selected.
■
When off, the SMA input is selected.
On
Switch 6 has the following options:
6
CLK_ENABLE
■
When on, the on-board oscillator is enabled.
■
When off, the on-board oscillator is disabled.
On
Switch 7 has the following options:
7
S4VCCH_SEL
■
When on, 1.4 V is selected.
■
When off, reserved.
On
Switch 8 has the following options:
8
S4VCCA_SEL
■
When on, 3.3 V is selected.
■
When off, 2.5 V is selected.
On
4. Set DIP switch bank (SW5) to match Table 4–3 and Figure 4–2.
Table 4–3. SW5 Dip Switch Settings
Switch
Board
Label
Function
Default
Position
Switch 1 has the following options:
1
PCIE_PRSNT2n_x1
■
When on, x1 presence detect is enabled.
■
When off, x1 presence detect is disabled.
Off
Switch 2 has the following options:
2
PCIE_PRSNT2n_x4
■
When on, x4 presence detect is enabled.
■
When off, x4 presence detect is disabled.
Off
Switch 3 has the following options:
3
PCIE_PRSNT2n_x8
■
When on, x8 presence detect is enabled.
■
When off, x8 presence detect is disabled.
Off
Switch 4 has the following options:
4
MAX_EN
■
When on, reserved.
■
When off, reserved.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Off
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter 4: Development Board Setup
Factory Default Switch Settings
4–5
5. Set DIP switch bank (SW6) to match Table 4–4 and Figure 4–2.
Table 4–4. SW6 Dip Switch Settings
Switch
Board
Label
Default
Position
Function
Switch 1 has the following options:
1
EPM2210_JTAG_EN
■
When on, the MAX II device is not included in the JTAG chain.
■
When off, the MAX II device is included in the JTAG chain.
Off
Switch 2 has the following options:
2
HSMA_JTAG_EN
■
When on, HSMA is not included in the JTAG chain.
■
When off, HSMA is included in the JTAG chain.
On
Switch 3 has the following options:
3
HSMB_JTAG_EN
■
When on, HSMB is not included in the JTAG chain.
■
When off, HSMB is included in the JTAG chain.
On
Switch 4 has the following options:
4
PCIE_JTAG_EN
■
When on, PCI Express is not included in the JTAG chain.
■
When off, PCI Express is included in the JTAG chain.
On
f For more information about the FPGA board settings, refer to the Stratix IV GX FPGA
Development Board Reference Manual.
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
4–6
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Chapter 4: Development Board Setup
Factory Default Switch Settings
March 2014 Altera Corporation
5. Board Update Portal
The Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit ships with the Board Update Portal design
example stored in the factory portion of the flash memory on the board. The design
consists of a Nios II embedded processor, an Ethernet MAC, and an HTML web
server.
When you power up the board with the rotary switch (SW2) in the 0 position, the
Stratix IV GX FPGA configures with the Board Update Portal design example. The
design can obtain an IP address from any DHCP server and serve a web page from the
flash on your board to any host computer on the same network. The web page allows
you to upload new FPGA designs to the user hardware portion of flash memory, and
provides links to useful information on the Altera website, including links to
kit-specific and design resources.
1
After successfully updating the user hardware flash memory, you can load the user
design from flash memory into the FPGA. To do so, set the rotary switch (SW2) to the
1 position and power cycle the board.
The source code for the Board Update Portal design resides in the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\examples directory. If the Board Update Portal
is corrupted or deleted from the flash memory, refer to “Restoring the Flash Device to
the Factory Settings” on page A–4.
Connecting to the Board Update Portal Web Page
This section provides instructions to connect to the Board Update Portal web page.
1
Before you proceed, ensure that you have the following:
■
A PC with a connection to a working Ethernet port on a DHCP enabled network.
■
A separate working Ethernet port connected to the same network for the board.
■
The Ethernet and power cables that are included in the kit.
To connect to the Board Update Portal web page, perform the following steps:
1. With the board powered down, set the rotary switch (SW2) to the 0 position.
2. Attach the Ethernet cable from the board to your LAN.
3. Power up the board. The board connects to the LAN’s gateway router and obtains
an IP address. The LCD on the board displays the IP address.
4. Launch a web browser on a PC that is connected to the same network, and enter
the IP address from the LCD into the browser address bar. The Board Update
Portal web page appears in the browser.
5. Click Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit on the Board Update Portal web
page to access the kit’s home page. Visit this page occasionally for documentation
updates and additional new designs.
March 2014
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Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
5–2
Chapter 5: Board Update Portal
Using the Board Update Portal to Update User Designs
f You can also navigate directly to the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit page of the
Altera website to determine if you have the latest kit software.
Using the Board Update Portal to Update User Designs
The Board Update Portal allows you to write new designs to the user hardware
portion of flash memory. Designs must be in the Nios II Flash Programmer File
(.flash) format.
1
Design files available from the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit page of the
Altera website include .flash files. You can also create .flash files from your own
custom design. Refer to “Preparing Design Files for Flash Programming” on page A–2
for information about preparing your own design for upload.
To upload a design over the network into the user portion of flash memory on your
board, perform the following steps:
1. Perform the steps in “Connecting to the Board Update Portal Web Page” to access
the Board Update Portal web page.
2. In the Hardware File Name field, specify the .flash file that you either
downloaded from the Altera website or created on your own. If there is a software
component to the design, specify it in the same manner using the Software File
Name field. Otherwise, leave the Software File Name field blank.
3. Click Upload, and wait for the files to write to flash memory.
4. To configure the FPGA with the new design, set the rotary switch (SW2) to the 1
position and power cycle the board, or press the CONFIGN button (S1).
1
As long as you don’t overwrite the factory image in the flash memory device, you can
continue to use the Board Update Portal to write new designs to the user hardware
portion of flash memory. If you do overwrite the factory image, you can restore it by
following the instructions in “Restoring the Flash Device to the Factory Settings” on
page A–4.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
6. Board Test System
The kit includes a design example and application called the Board Test System to test
the functionality of the Stratix IV GX FPGA development board. The application
provides an easy-to-use interface to alter functional settings and observe the results.
You can use the application to test board components, modify functional parameters,
observe performance, and measure power usage. The application is also useful as a
reference for designing systems. To install the application, follow the steps in
“Installing the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit” on page 3–2.
The application provides access to the following Stratix IV GX FPGA development
board features:
■
General purpose I/O (GPIO)
■
SRAM
■
Flash memory
■
DDR3 and QDR II+ memories
■
HSMC connectors
■
High-definition multimedia interface (HDMI) video
■
Serial digital interface (SDI) video
■
Character LCD
The application allows you to exercise most of the board components. While using the
application, you reconfigure the FPGA several times with test designs specific to the
functionality you are testing.
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
6–2
Chapter 6: Board Test System
A GUI runs on the PC which communicates over the JTAG bus to a test design
running in the Stratix IV GX device. Figure 6–1 shows the initial GUI for a board that
is in the factory configuration.
Figure 6–1. Board Test System Graphical User Interface
Several designs are provided to test the major board features. Each design provides
data for one or more tabs in the application. The Configure menu identifies the
appropriate design to download to the FPGA for each tab.
After a successful FPGA configuration, the appropriate tab appears that allows you to
exercise the related board features. Highlights appear in the board picture around the
corresponding components.
The Power Monitor button starts the Power Monitor application that measures and
reports current power and temperature information for the board. Because the
application communicates over the JTAG bus to the MAX II device, you can measure
the power of any design in the FPGA, including your own designs.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter 6: Board Test System
Preparing the Board
1
6–3
The Board Test System and Power Monitor share the JTAG bus with other
applications like the Nios II debugger and the SignalTap® II Embedded Logic
Analyzer. Because the Quartus II programmer uses most of the bandwidth of the
JTAG bus, other applications using the JTAG bus might time out. Be sure to close the
other applications before attempting to reconfigure the FPGA using the Quartus II
Programmer.
Preparing the Board
With the power to the board off, perform the following steps:
1. Connect the USB cable to the board.
2. Verify the settings for the board settings DIP switch bank (SW4) match Table 4–2
on page 4–3.
3. Set the rotary switch (SW2) to the 1 position.
4. Verify the settings for the JTAG DIP switch bank (SW6), located on the back of the
board, match Table 4–4 on page 4–5. These settings determine the devices to
include in the JTAG chain.
f For more information about the board’s DIP switch and jumper settings,
refer to the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Board Reference Manual.
5. Turn on the power to the board. The board loads the design stored in the user
hardware portion of flash memory into the FPGA.
c
To ensure operating stability, keep the USB cable connected and the board
powered on when running the demonstration application. The application
cannot run correctly unless the USB cable is attached and the board is on.
Running the Board Test System
To run the application, navigate to the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\examples\board_test_system directory and
run the BoardTestSystem.exe application.
1
On Windows, click Start > All Programs > Altera > Stratix IV GX FPGA
Development Kit <version> > Board Test System to run the application.
A GUI appears, displaying the application tab that corresponds to the design running
in the FPGA. The Stratix IV GX FPGA development board’s flash memory ships
preconfigured with the design that corresponds to the Config, GPIO, and
SRAM&Flash tabs.
1
March 2014
If you power up your board with the rotary switch (SW2) in a position other than the
1 position, or if you load your own design into the FPGA with the Quartus II
Programmer, you receive a message prompting you to configure your board with a
valid Board Test System design. Refer to “The Configure Menu” for information about
configuring your board.
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
6–4
Chapter 6: Board Test System
Using the Board Test System
Using the Board Test System
This section describes each control in the Board Test System application.
The Configure Menu
Use the Configure menu (Figure 6–2) to select the design you want to use. Each design
example tests different board features. Choose a design from this menu and the
corresponding tabs become active for testing.
Figure 6–2. The Configure Menu
To configure the FPGA with a test system design, perform the following steps:
1. On the Configure menu, click one of the following options to determine how to
pass data through the JTAG chain:
■
Use Fast Configuration—Compresses the data for faster loading.
■
Use Quartus II Programmer—Uses the standard JTAG-based configuration
method.
2. On the Configure menu, click the configure command that corresponds to the
functionality you wish to test.
3. In the dialog box that appears, click Configure or Download Start to download
the corresponding design’s SRAM Object File (.sof) to the FPGA. The download
process usually takes about a minute.
4. When configuration finishes, close the Quartus II Programmer, if using it. The
design begins running in the FPGA. The corresponding GUI application tabs that
interface with the design enable.
The Config Tab
The Config tab shows information about the board’s current configuration.
Figure 6–1 on page 6–2 shows the Config tab. The tab displays the contents of the
MAX II registers, the JTAG chain, the board’s MAC address, the flash memory map,
and other details stored on the board.
The following sections describe the controls on the Config tab.
Board Information
The Board information controls display static information about your board.
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March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter 6: Board Test System
Using the Board Test System
6–5
■
MAX II ver—Indicates the version of MAX II code currently running on the board.
The MAX II code resides in the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\examples directory. Newer revisions of
this code might be available on the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit page of
the Altera website.
■
MAC—Indicates the MAC address of the board.
MAX II Registers
The MAX II registers control allows you to view and change the current MAX II
register values as described in Table 6–1. Changes to the register values with the GUI
take effect immediately. For example, writing a 0 to SRST resets the board.
Table 6–1. MAX II Registers
Register Name
Description
System Reset
(SRST)
Write only
Set to 0 to initiate an FPGA reconfiguration.
Page Select Register
(PSR)
Read / Write
Determines which of the up to eight (0-7) pages of flash
memory to use for FPGA reconfiguration. The flash memory
ships with pages 0 and 1 preconfigured.
Page Select Override
(PSO)
Read / Write
When set to 0, the value in PSR determines the page of
flash memory to use for FPGA reconfiguration. When set to
1, the value in PSS determines the page of flash memory to
use for FPGA reconfiguration.
Page Select Switch
(PSS)
Read only
■
1
Read/Write
Capability
■
Holds the current value of the rotary switch (SW2).
PSO—Sets the MAX II PSO register. The following options are available:
■
Use PSR—Allows the PSR to determine the page of flash memory to use for
FPGA reconfiguration.
■
Use PSS—Allows the PSS to determine the page of flash memory to use for
FPGA reconfiguration.
■
PSR—Sets the MAX II PSR register. The numerical values in the list corresponds to
the page of flash memory to load during FPGA reconfiguration. Refer to Table 6–1
for more information.
■
PSS—Displays the MAX II PSS register value. Refer to Table 6–1 for the list of
available options.
■
SRST—Resets the system and reloads the FPGA with a design from flash memory
based on the other MAX II register values. Refer to Table 6–1 for more information.
Because the Config tab requires that a specific design is running in the FPGA, writing
a 0 to SRST or changing the PSO value can cause the Board Test System to stop
running.
JTAG Chain
The JTAG chain control shows all the devices currently in the JTAG chain. The
Stratix IV GX device is always the first device in the chain.
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1
Setting DIP switch SW6.1 to the off position includes the MAX II device in the JTAG
chain.
Flash Memory Map
The Flash memory map control shows the memory map of the flash memory device
on your board.
The GPIO Tab
The GPIO tab allows you to interact with all the general purpose user I/O
components on your board. You can write to the LCD, read DIP switch settings, turn
LEDs on or off, and detect push button presses. Figure 6–3 shows the GPIO tab.
Figure 6–3. The GPIO Tab
The following sections describe the controls on the GPIO tab.
Character LCD
The Character LCD control allows you to display text strings on the character LCD on
your board. Type text in the text boxes and then click Write.
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1
6–7
If you exceed the 16 character display limit on either line, a warning message appears.
User DIP Switches
The read-only User DIP switches control displays the current positions of the
switches in the user DIP switch bank (SW3). Change the switches on the board to see
the graphical display change accordingly.
User LEDs
The User LEDs control displays the current state of the user LEDs. Click the graphical
representation of the LEDs to turn the board LEDs on and off.
Push Button Switches
The read-only Push button switches control displays the current state of the board
user push buttons. Press a push button on the board to see the graphical display
change accordingly.
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Using the Board Test System
The SRAM&Flash Tab
The SRAM&Flash tab allows you to read and write SRAM and flash memory on your
board. Figure 6–4 shows the SRAM&Flash tab.
Figure 6–4. The SRAM&Flash Tab
The following sections describe the controls on the SRAM&Flash tab.
SRAM
The SRAM control allows you to read and write the SRAM on your board. Type a
starting address in the text box and click Read. Values starting at the specified address
appear in the table. The SRAM addresses display in the format the Nios II processor
within the FPGA uses, that is, each SRAM address is offset by 0x00400000. Thus, the
first location in SRAM appears as 0x00400000 in the GUI.
1
If you enter an address outside of the 0x00400000 to 0x005FFFFF SRAM address
space, a warning message identifies the valid SRAM address range.
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6–9
To update the SRAM contents, change values in the table and click Write. The
application writes the new values to SRAM and then reads the values back to
guarantee that the graphical display accurately reflects the memory contents.
Flash
The Flash control allows you to read and write the flash memory on your board. Type
a starting address in the text box and click Read. Values starting at the specified
address appear in the table. The flash memory addresses display in the format the
Nios II processor within the FPGA uses, that is, each flash memory address is offset
by 0x04000000. Thus, the first location in flash memory appears as 0x04000000 in the
GUI.
1
If you enter an address outside of the 0x04000000 to 0x07FFFFFF flash memory
address space, a warning message identifies the valid flash memory address range.
To update the flash memory contents, change values in the table and click Write. The
application writes the new values to flash memory and then reads the values back to
guarantee that the graphical display accurately reflects the memory contents.
1
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To prevent overwriting the dedicated portions of flash memory, the application limits
the writable flash memory address range from 0x07FE0000 to 0x07FFFFFF (which
corresponds to the unused flash memory address range of 0x03FE0000 - 0x03FFFFFF
shown in Figure 6–1 on page 6–2 and Table A–1 on page A–1).
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Using the Board Test System
The DDR3 Tab
The DDR3 tab allows you to read and write the DDR3 memory on your board.
Figure 6–5 shows the DDR3 tab.
Figure 6–5. The DDR3 Tab
The following sections describe the controls on the DDR3 tab.
Port
The Port control directs communication to one of two DDR3 memory ports on your
board. A 16-bit interface connects to the top bank of the Stratix IV GX FPGA and a 64bit interface connects to the bottom banks of the FPGA.
Start
The Start control initiates DDR3 memory transaction performance analysis.
Stop
The Stop control terminates transaction performance analysis.
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Performance Indicators
These controls display current transaction performance analysis information collected
since you last clicked Start:
■
Write, Read, and Total performance bars—Show the percentage of maximum
theoretical data rate that the requested transactions are able to achieve.
■
Write (MBps), Read (MBps), and Total (MBps)—Show the number of bytes of
data analyzed per second. The top port data bus is 16 bits wide and the frequency
is 533 MHz double data rate (1066 Mbps per pin), equating to a theoretical
maximum bandwidth of 2132 MBps. The bottom port data bus is 64 bits wide and
the frequency is 533 MHz double data rate (1066 Mbps per pin), equating to a
theoretical maximum bandwidth of 8528 MBps.
1
Performance figures are based on a 100-MHz input clock from
programmable oscillator X6. Using the “The Clock Control” on page 6–22 to
adjust the frequency changes the circuit speed in real time and the DDR3
tab performance indicators, which are capped at 100% for increased
frequencies. Physical layer speeds equal the oscillator X6 frequency times
the input PLL multiplier ratio. The default is 533 MHz (100 MHz × 5.33) or
1066 Mbps per pin. Changing the oscillator X6 frequency to 125 MHz
changes the circuit speed to 667 MHz or 1333 Mbps per pin. Typically you
need to reset the DDR3 design after changing the clock frequency.
Error Control
The Error control controls display data errors detected during analysis and allow you
to insert errors:
■
Detected errors—Displays the number of data errors detected in the hardware.
■
Inserted errors—Displays the number of errors inserted into the transaction
stream.
■
Insert Error—Inserts a one-word error into the transaction stream each time you
click the button. Insert Error is only enabled during transaction performance
analysis.
■
Clear—Resets the Detected errors and Inserted errors counters to zeros.
Number of Addresses to Write and Read
The Number of addresses to write and read control determines the number of
addresses to use in each iteration of reads and writes. Valid values range from 2 to
16,777,216.
Data Type
The Data type control specifies the type of data contained in the transactions. The
following data types are available for analysis:
March 2014
■
PRBS—Selects pseudo-random bit sequences.
■
Memory—Selects a generic data pattern stored in the on chip memory of the
Stratix IV GX device.
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■
Math—Selects data generated from a simple math function within the FPGA
fabric.
Read and Write Control
The Read and write control control specifies the type of transactions to analyze. The
following transaction types are available for analysis:
■
Write then read—Selects read and write transactions for analysis.
■
Read only—Selects read transactions for analysis.
■
Write only—Selects write transactions for analysis.
The QDRII+ Tab
The QDRII+ tab allows you to read and write the QDR II+ memory on your board
and independently test each QDR II+ port. Figure 6–6 shows the QDRII+ tab.
Figure 6–6. The QDRII+ Tab
The following sections describe the controls on the QDRII+ tab.
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Port
The Port control directs communication to one of two QDR II+ ports on your board.
Start
The Start control initiates QDR II+ memory transaction performance analysis.
Stop
The Stop control terminates transaction performance analysis.
Performance Indicators
These controls display current transaction performance analysis information collected
since you last clicked Start:
■
Write and Read performance bars—Show the percentage of maximum theoretical
data rate that the requested transactions are able to achieve.
■
Write (MBps) and Read (MBps)—Show the number of bytes of data analyzed per
second. The QDR II+ buses are 18 bits wide for both read and write, and the
frequency is 400 MHz double data rate (800 Mbps per pin), equating to a
theoretical maximum bandwidth of 1800 MBps, and 3600 MBps for simultaneous
read and write.
1
Performance figures are based on a 100-MHz input clock from
programmable oscillator X6. Using the “The Clock Control” on page 6–22 to
adjust the frequency changes the circuit speed in real time and the QDR II+
tab performance indicators, which are capped at 100% for increased
frequencies. Physical layer speeds equal the oscillator X6 frequency times
the input PLL multiplier ratio. The default is 400 MHz (100 MHz × 4.00) or
800 Mbps per pin. Changing the oscillator X6 frequency to 125 MHz
changes the circuit speed to 500 MHz or 1000 Mbps per pin. Typically you
need to reset the QDR II+ design after changing the clock frequency.
Error Control
The following controls display data errors detected during analysis and allow you to
insert errors:
■
Detected errors—Displays the number of data errors detected in the hardware.
■
Inserted errors—Displays the number of errors inserted into the transaction
stream.
■
Insert Error—Inserts a one-word error into the transaction stream each time you
click the button. Insert Error is only enabled during transaction performance
analysis.
■
Clear—Resets the Detected errors and Inserted errors counters to zeros.
Number of Addresses to Write and Read
The Number of addresses to write and read control determines the number of
addresses to use in each iteration of reads and writes. Valid values range from 2 to
1,048,576.
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Data Type
The Data type control specifies the type of data contained in the transactions. The
following data types are available for analysis:
■
PRBS—Selects pseudo-random bit sequences.
■
Memory—Selects a generic data pattern stored in the on chip memory of the
Stratix IV GX device.
■
Math—Selects data generated from a simple math function within the FPGA
fabric.
The HSMC Tab
The HSMC tab allows you to perform loopback tests on the HSMC A and HSMC B
ports. Figure 6–7 shows the HSMC tab.
Figure 6–7. The HSMC Tab
1
You must have the loopback HSMC installed on the HSMC connector that you are
testing for this test to work correctly.
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Using the Board Test System
6–15
The following sections describe the controls on the HSMC tab.
Status
The Status control displays the following status information during the loopback test:
■
PLL lock—Shows the PLL locked or unlocked state.
■
Channel lock—Shows the channel locked or unlocked state. When locked, all
lanes are word aligned and channel bonded.
■
Pattern sync—Shows the pattern synced or not synced state. The pattern is
considered synced when the start of the data sequence is detected.
Port
The Port control allows you to specify the type of test to run on the HSMC ports. The
following HSMC port tests are available:
■
HSMA x4 Transceivers [0..3]
■
HSMA x4 Transceivers [4..7]
■
HSMB x4 Transceivers [0..3]
■
HSMB x2 Transceivers [4..5]
■
HSMA x17 LVDS SERDES
■
HSMB x17 LVDS SERDES
■
HSMA x3 Single Ended Loopback
■
HSMB x3 Single Ended Loopback
Data Type
The Data type control specifies the type of data contained in the transactions. The
following data types are available for analysis:
■
PRBS—Selects pseudo-random bit sequences.
■
Memory—Selects a generic data pattern stored in the on chip memory of the
Stratix IV GX device.
■
Math—Selects data generated from a simple math function within the FPGA
fabric.
Error Control
The following controls display data errors detected during analysis and allow you to
insert errors:
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■
Detected errors—Displays the number of data errors detected in the hardware.
■
Inserted errors—Displays the number of errors inserted into the transmit data
stream.
■
Insert Error—Inserts a one-word error into the transmit data stream each time you
click the button. Insert Error is only enabled during transaction performance
analysis.
■
Clear—Resets the Detected errors and Inserted errors counters to zeros.
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Start
The Start control initiates HSMC transaction performance analysis.
Stop
The Stop control terminates transaction performance analysis.
Performance Indicators
These controls display current transaction performance analysis information collected
since you last clicked Start:
■
TX and RX performance bars—Show the percentage of maximum theoretical data
rate that the requested transactions are able to achieve.
■
Tx (MBps) and Rx (MBps)—Show the number of bytes of data analyzed per
second. The transceiver buses are 4 bits (serial channels) wide and clocked using
the 100 MHz oscillator with a PLL multiplier of 20, so the data rate is 2 Gbps,
totaling 8 MBps per transceiver port. The LVDS SERDES bus is 17 bits wide. The
HSMC x17 SERDES buses on both HSMC A and HSMC B are 17 bits wide and
clocked using the 125 MHz oscillator with a PLL multiplier of 13, equating to a
1.625 Gbps per pin, or a 27.625 Gbps bandwidth for each x17 SERDES port. The x3
single-ended data bus is 3 bits wide and clocked using a 50 MHz clock single-datarate for 50 Mbps per pin, or a 150 Mbps bandwidth for each x3 single-ended data
port.
1
Performance figures are based on a 100-MHz input clock from
programmable oscillator X6. Using the “The Clock Control” on page 6–22 to
adjust the frequency changes the circuit speed in real time and the HSMC
tab performance indicators, which are capped at 100% for increased
frequencies. Physical layer speeds equal the oscillator X6 frequency times
the input PLL multiplier ratio. The default is 2 GHz (100 MHz × 20) or
2 Gbps per pin or 8 Gbps total. Changing the oscillator X6 frequency to
400 MHz changes the circuit speed to 8 GHz or 32 Gbps total. Typically you
need to reset the HSMC design after changing the clock frequency.
1
The HSMC x17 SERDES and x3 single-ended ports use fixed frequency
oscillators and are not affected by the Clock Control application.
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Using the Board Test System
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The Video Tab
The Video tab allows you to test the HDMI and SDI video interfaces on your board.
Figure 6–8 shows the Video tab.
Figure 6–8. The Video Tab
The following sections describe the controls on the Video tab.
HDMI
Testing the HDMI requires connecting a monitor with at least UXGA (1600 × 1200)
resolution to your board. Once connected, the following controls define the output to
the monitor:
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■
Color bar test pattern—Specifies the test pattern to output to the monitor. The
following choices are available:
■
Color bar
■
Red
■
Green
■
Blue
Table 6–2 shows the color bar test pattern and corresponding color names and
RGB values.
Table 6–2. HDMI Color Bar Test Pattern
Color Bars
■
Color
RGB Values
White/Grey
180,180,180
Yellow
180,180,16
Cyan
16,180,180
Green
16,180,16
Magenta
180,16,180
Red
180,16,16
Blue
16,16,180
Black
16,16,16
Resolution—Specifies the resolution to output to the monitor. The following
choices are available:
■
1080p—1920 × 1080 progressive
■
720p—1280 × 720 progressive
■
Start—Initiates the test.
■
Stop—Terminates the test.
■
Get EDID—Reads the extended display information data (EDID) from the
monitor and displays the results.
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Chapter 6: Board Test System
The Power Monitor
6–19
SDI
Testing the SDI requires connecting a SMB loopback cable as shown in Figure 6–9.
Figure 6–9. Board with SMB Loopback Cable
Once connected, the following controls are available:
■
Reset—Restarts the test.
■
Load—Passes a new seed value to the PRBS generator on the device.
■
Status—Displays the following status information during the loopback test:
■
■
Tx PLL—Shows whether the Tx PLL is locked or unlocked.
■
Rx PLL—Shows whether the Rx PLL is locked or unlocked.
■
Error status—Shows “No Error Detected” when the test is running correctly;
otherwise shows pertinent error.
Error control—Provides the following controls:
■
Errors—Displays the number of errors detected in the hardware.
■
Insert Error—Inserts a one-word error into the transaction stream each time
you click the button.
■
Clear—Resets the Errors counter to zero.
The Power Monitor
The Power Monitor measures and reports current power and temperature
information for the board. To start the application, click Power Monitor in the Board
Test System application.
1
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You can also run the Power Monitor as a stand-alone application. PowerMonitor.exe
resides in the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\examples\board_test_system directory. On
Windows, click Start > All Programs > Altera > Stratix IV GX FPGA Development
Kit <version> > Power Monitor to start the application.
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The Power Monitor
The Power Monitor communicates with the MAX II device on the board through the
JTAG bus. A power monitor circuit attached to the MAX II device allows you to
measure the power that the Stratix IV GX FPGA device is consuming. Figure 6–10
shows the Power Monitor.
Figure 6–10. The Power Monitor
The following sections describe the Power Monitor controls.
General Information
The General information controls display the following information about the
MAX II device:
■
MAX II version—Indicates the version of MAX II code currently running on the
board. The MAX II code resides in the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\factory_recovery and <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\examples\max2 directories. Newer
revisions of this code might be available on the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development
Kit page of the Altera website.
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The Power Monitor
■
6–21
Power rail—Indicates the currently-selected power rail. The rotary switch (SW2)
on your board controls which rail to measure. After setting the switch for the
desired rail, click Reset to refresh the screen with new board readings.
f A table with the power rail switch positions is available in the Stratix IV GX
FPGA Development Board Reference Manual.
Temperature Information
The Temperature information controls display the following temperature readings
for the board and the FPGA on the board:
■
FPGA—Indicates the temperature of the FPGA device.
■
Board—Indicates the overall board temperature.
Power Information
The Power information control displays current, maximum, and minimum power
readings for the following units:
■
mVolt
■
mAmp
■
mWatt
12V Power Consumption
The 12V Power consumption control displays 12-V power consumption readings for
the following units:
■
mA
■
mW
Power Graph
The power graph displays the mWatt power consumption of your board over time.
The green line indicates the current value. The red line indicates the maximum value
read since the last reset. The yellow line indicates the minimum value read since the
last reset.
Graph Settings
The following Graph settings controls allow you to define the look and feel of the
power graph:
■
Scale select—Specifies the amount to scale the power graph. Select a smaller
number to zoom in to see finer detail. Select a larger number to zoom out to see the
entire range of recorded values.
■
Update speed—Specifies how often to refresh the graph.
Reset
This Reset control clears the graph, resets the minimum and maximum values, and
restarts the Power Monitor.
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The Clock Control
Calculating Power
The Power Monitor calculates power by measuring two different voltages with the
LT2418 A/D and applying the equation P = V × I to determine the power
consumption. The LT2418 measures the voltage after the appropriate sense resistor
(Vsense) and the voltage drop across that sense resistor (Vdif). The current (I) is
calculated by dividing the measured voltage drop across the resistor by the value of
the sense resistor (I = Vdif/R). Through substitution, the equation for calculating
power becomes P = V × I = Vsense × (Vdif/R) = (Vsense) × (Vdif) × (1/.003).
You can verify the power numbers shown in the Power Monitor with a digital
multimeter that is capable of measuring microvolts to ensure you have enough
significant digits for an accurate calculation. Measure the voltage on one side of the
resistor (the side opposite the power source) and then measure the voltage on the
other side. The first measurement is Vsense and the difference between the two
measurements is Vdif. Plug the values into the equation to determine the power
consumption.
The Clock Control
The Clock Control application sets the Si570 programmable oscillator to any
frequency between 10 MHz and 810 MHz with eight digits of precision to the right of
the decimal point. The oscillator drives a 2-to-4 buffer that drives a copy of the clock
to all four edges of the FPGA.
The Clock Control application runs as a stand-alone application. ClockControl.exe
resides in the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\examples\board_test_system directory. On
Windows, click Start > All Programs > Altera > Stratix IV GX FPGA Development
Kit <version> > Clock Control to start the application.
f For more information about the Si570 and the Stratix IV GX FPGA development
board’s clocking circuitry and clock input pins, refer to the Stratix IV GX FPGA
Development Board Reference Manual.
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The Clock Control
6–23
The Clock Control communicates with the MAX II device on the board through the
JTAG bus. The Si570 programmable oscillator is connected to the MAX II device
through a 2-wire serial bus. Figure 6–11 shows the Clock Control.
Figure 6–11. The Clock Control
The following sections describe the Clock Control controls.
Serial Port Registers
The Serial port registers control shows the current values from the Si570 registers.
f For more information about the Si570 registers, refer to the Si570/Si571 data sheet
available on the Silicon Labs website (www.silabs.com).
fXTAL
The fXTAL control shows the calculated internal fixed-frequency crystal based on the
serial port register values.
f For more information about the fXTAL value and how it is calculated, refer to the
Si570/Si571 data sheet available on the Silicon Labs website (www.silabs.com).
Disable Oscillator
The Disable oscillator enables and disables the Si570 output buffer. Turn on Disable
oscillator to power down the Si570 output buffer. Turn off the Disable oscillator to
drive the Si570 output buffer normally.
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Configuring the FPGA Using the Quartus II Programmer
Target Frequency
The Target frequency control allows you to specify the frequency of the clock. Legal
values are between 10 and 810 MHz with eight digits of precision to the right of the
decimal point. For example, 421.31259873 is possible within 100 parts per million
(ppm). The Target frequency control works in conjunction with the Set New
Frequency control.
Reset Si570
The Reset Si570 control sets the Si570 programmable oscillator to the default
frequency of 100 MHz.
Set New Frequency
The Set New Frequency control sets the Si570 programmable oscillator frequency to
the value in the Target frequency control. Frequency changes might take several
milliseconds to take effect. You might see glitches on the clock during this time. Altera
recommends resetting the FPGA logic after changing frequencies.
Configuring the FPGA Using the Quartus II Programmer
You can use the Quartus II Programmer to configure the FPGA with your own .sof.
Before configuring the FPGA, ensure that the Quartus II Programmer and the
USB-Blaster driver are installed on the host computer, the USB cable is connected to
the FPGA development board, power to the board is on, and no other applications
that use the JTAG chain are running.
To configure the Stratix IV GX FPGA, perform the following steps:
1. Start the Quartus II Programmer.
2. Click Auto Detect to display the devices in the JTAG chain.
3. Click Add File and select the path to the desired .sof.
4. Turn on the Program/Configure option for the added file.
5. Click Start to download the selected file to the FPGA. Configuration is complete
when the progress bar reaches 100%.
1
Using the Quartus II programmer to configure a device on the board causes other
JTAG-based applications such as the Board Test System and the Power Monitor to lose
their connection to the board. Restart those applications after configuration is
complete.
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A. Programming the Flash Memory
Device
Introduction
As you develop your own project using the Altera tools, you can program the flash
memory device so that your own design loads from flash memory into the FPGA on
power up. This appendix describes the preprogrammed contents of the common flash
interface (CFI) flash memory device on the Stratix IV GX FPGA development board
and the Nios II EDS tools involved with reprogramming the user portions of the flash
memory device.
The Stratix IV GX FPGA development board ships with the CFI flash device
preprogrammed with a default factory FPGA configuration for running the Board
Update Portal design example and a default user configuration for running the Board
Test System demonstration. There are several other factory software files written to
the CFI flash device to support the Board Update Portal. These software files were
created using the Nios II EDS, just as the hardware design was created using the
Quartus II software.
f For more information about Altera development tools, refer to the Design Software
page of the Altera website.
CFI Flash Memory Map
Table A–1 shows the default memory contents of the 512-Mb (64-MB) single-die CFI
flash device. For the Board Update Portal to run correctly and update designs in the
user memory, this memory map must not be altered.
Table A–1. Byte Address Flash Memory Map
Block Description
March 2014
Size
Address Range
Unused
32 KB
0x03FF8000 - 0x03FFFFFF
Unused
32 KB
0x03FF0000 - 0x03FF7FFF
Unused
32 KB
0x03FE8000 - 0x03FEFFFF
Unused
32 KB
0x03FE0000 - 0x03FE7FFF
User software
24,320 KB
0x02820000 - 0x03FDFFFF
Factory software
8,192 KB
0x02020000 - 0x0281FFFF
zipfs (html, web content)
8,192 KB
0x01820000 - 0x0201FFFF
User hardware
12,288 KB
0x00C20000 - 0x0181FFFF
Factory hardware
12,288 KB
0x00020000 - 0x00C1FFFF
PFL option bits
32 KB
0x00018000 - 0x0001FFFF
Board information
32 KB
0x00010000 - 0x00017FFF
Ethernet option bits
32 KB
0x00008000 - 0x0000FFFF
User design reset vector
32 KB
0x00000000 - 0x00007FFF
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
A–2
Chapter :
Preparing Design Files for Flash Programming
c Altera recommends that you do not overwrite the factory hardware and factory
software images unless you are an expert with the Altera tools. If you unintentionally
overwrite the factory hardware or factory software image, refer to “Restoring the
Flash Device to the Factory Settings” on page A–4.
Preparing Design Files for Flash Programming
You can obtain designs containing prepared .flash files from the Stratix IV GX FPGA
Development Kit page of the Altera website or create .flash files from your own
custom design.
The Nios II EDS sof2flash command line utility converts your Quartus II-compiled
.sof into the .flash format necessary for the flash device. Similarly, the Nios II EDS
elf2flash command line utility converts your compiled and linked Executable and
Linking Format File (.elf) software design to .flash. After your design files are in the
.flash format, use the Board Update Portal or the Nios II EDS nios2-flashprogrammer utility to write the .flash files to the user hardware and user software
locations of the flash memory.
f For more information about Nios II EDS software tools and practices, refer to the
Embedded Software Development page of the Altera website.
Creating Flash Files Using the Nios II EDS
If you have an FPGA design developed using the Quartus II software, and software
developed using the Nios II EDS, follow these instructions:
1. On the Windows Start menu, click All Programs > Altera > Nios II EDS > Nios II
Command Shell.
2. In the Nios II command shell, navigate to the directory where your design files
reside and type the following Nios II EDS commands:
■
For Quartus II .sof files:
sof2flash --input=<yourfile>_hw.sof --output=<yourfile>_hw.flash --offset=0x00C20000
--pfl --optionbit=0x00018000 --programmingmode=PSr
■
For Nios II .elf files:
elf2flash --base=0x08000000 --end=0x0BFFFFFF --reset=0x08820000
--input=<yourfile>_sw.elf --output=<yourfile>_sw.flash
--boot=$SOPC_KIT_NIOS2/components/altera_nios2/
boot_loader_sources/boot_loader_cfi.srecr
1
For boards with dual-die CFI flash devices, use --base=0x0A000000 only
when programming sw.flash. Continue to use --base=0x08000000 for
hw.flash. For more information, refer to the Board Revision History appendix
of the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Board Reference Manual.
The resulting .flash files are ready for flash device programming. If your design uses
additional files such as image data or files used by the runtime program, you must
first convert the files to .flash format and concatenate them into one .flash file before
using the Board Update Portal to upload them.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter :
Programming Flash Memory Using the Board Update Portal
1
A–3
The Board Update Portal standard .flash format conventionally uses either
<filename>_hw.flash for hardware design files or <filename>_sw.flash for software
design files.
Programming Flash Memory Using the Board Update Portal
Once you have the necessary .flash files, you can use the Board Update Portal to
reprogram the flash memory. Refer to “Using the Board Update Portal to Update User
Designs” on page 5–2 for more information.
1
If you have generated a .sof that operates without a software design file, you can still
use the Board Update Portal to upload your design. In this case, leave the Software
File Name field blank.
Programming Flash Memory Using the Nios II EDS
The Nios II EDS offers a nios2-flash-programmer utility to program the flash memory
directly. To program the .flash files or any compatible S-Record File (.srec) to the
board using nios2-flash-programmer, perform the following steps:
1. Set the rotary switch (SW2) to the 0 position to load the Board Update Portal
design from flash memory on power up.
2. Attach the USB-Blaster cable and power up the board.
3. If the board has powered up and the LCD displays either Connecting... or a valid IP
address (such as 152.198.231.75), proceed to step 8. If no output appears on the
LCD or if the CONF DONE LED (D5) does not illuminate, continue to step 4 to
load the FPGA with a flash-writing design.
4. Launch the Quartus II Programmer to configure the FPGA with a .sof capable of
flash programming. Refer to “Configuring the FPGA Using the Quartus II
Programmer” on page 6–24 for more information.
5. Click Add File and select <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\factory_recovery\s4sgx230_fpga_bup.sof.
6. Turn on the Program/Configure option for the added file.
7. Click Start to download the selected configuration file to the FPGA. Configuration
is complete when the progress bar reaches 100%. The CONF DONE LED (D5) and
the eight lower user LEDs (D16-D23) illuminate indicating that the flash device is
ready for programming.
8. On the Windows Start menu, click All Programs > Altera > Nios II EDS > Nios II
Command Shell.
9. In the Nios II command shell, navigate to the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\factory_recovery directory (or to the
directory of the .flash files you created in “Creating Flash Files Using the Nios II
EDS” on page A–2) and type the following Nios II EDS command:
nios2-flash-programmer --base=0x08000000 <yourfile>_hw.flash r
10. After programming completes, if you have a software file to program, type the
following Nios II EDS command:
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
A–4
Chapter :
Restoring the Flash Device to the Factory Settings
nios2-flash-programmer --base=0x08000000 <yourfile>_sw.flash r
1
For boards with dual-die CFI flash devices, use --base=0x0A000000 only
when programming sw.flash. Continue to use --base=0x08000000 for
hw.flash. For more information, refer to the Board Revision History appendix
of the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Board Reference Manual.
11. Set the rotary switch (SW2) to the 1 position and power cycle the board, or press
the CONFIGN button (S1) to load and run the user hardware design.
Programming the board is now complete.
f For more information about the nios2-flash-programmer utility, refer to the Nios II
Flash Programmer User Guide.
Restoring the Flash Device to the Factory Settings
This section describes how to restore the original factory contents to the flash memory
device on the FPGA development board. Make sure you have the Nios II EDS
installed, and perform the following instructions:
1. Set the board switches to the factory default settings described in “Factory Default
Switch Settings” on page 4–2.
2. Launch the Quartus II Programmer to configure the FPGA with a .sof capable of
flash programming. Refer to “Configuring the FPGA Using the Quartus II
Programmer” on page 6–24 for more information.
3. Click Add File and select <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\factory_recovery\s4sgx230_fpga_bup.sof.
4. Turn on the Program/Configure option for the added file.
5. Click Start to download the selected configuration file to the FPGA. Configuration
is complete when the progress bar reaches 100%. The CONF DONE LED (D5) and
the eight lower user LEDs (D16-D23) illuminate indicating that the flash device is
ready for programming.
6. On the Windows Start menu, click All Programs > Altera > Nios II EDS > Nios II
Command Shell.
7. In the Nios II command shell, navigate to the <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\factory_recovery directory and type the
following command to run the restore script:
./restore.sh r
Restoring the flash memory might take several minutes. Follow any instructions
that appear in the Nios II command shell.
8. After all flash programming completes, cycle the POWER switch (SW1) off then
on.
9. Using the Quartus II Programmer, click Add File and select <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\factory_recovery\s4sgx230_fpga_bup.sof.
10. Turn on the Program/Configure option for the added file.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Chapter :
Restoring the MAX II CPLD to the Factory Settings
A–5
11. Click Start to download the selected configuration file to the FPGA. Configuration
is complete when the progress bar reaches 100%. The CONF DONE LED (D5) and
the eight lower user LEDs (D16-D23) illuminate indicating the flash memory
device is now restored with the factory contents.
12. Cycle the POWER switch (SW1) off then on to load and run the restored factory
design.
13. The restore script cannot restore the board’s MAC address automatically. In the
Nios II command shell, type the following Nios II EDS command:
nios2-terminal r
14. Follow the instructions in the terminal window to generate a unique MAC
address.
f To ensure that you have the most up-to-date factory restore files and information
about this product, refer to the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit page of the
Altera website.
Restoring the MAX II CPLD to the Factory Settings
This section describes how to restore the original factory contents to the MAX II CPLD
on the FPGA development board. Make sure you have the Nios II EDS installed, and
perform the following instructions:
1. Set the board switches to the factory default settings described in “Factory Default
Switch Settings” on page 4–2.
1
Setting DIP switch SW6.1 to the off position includes the MAX II device in
the JTAG chain.
2. Launch the Quartus II Programmer.
3. Click Auto Detect.
4. Click Add File and select <install
dir>\kits\stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga\factory_recovery\max2.pof.
5. Turn on the Program/Configure option for the added file.
6. Click Start to download the selected configuration file to the MAX II CPLD.
Configuration is complete when the progress bar reaches 100%.
f To ensure that you have the most up-to-date factory restore files and information
about this product, refer to the Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit page of the
Altera website.
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
A–6
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Chapter :
Restoring the MAX II CPLD to the Factory Settings
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Additional Information
This chapter provides additional information about the document and Altera.
Document Revision History
The following table shows the revision history for this document.
Date
March 2014
June 2010
Version
Changes
■
Added programming clarification in Appendix A for those who have the older dual-die CFI
flash. Use one base address for hw.flash and another for sw.flash.
■
Corrected board label for SW4 (Table 4–2).
■
Changed software distribution method.
■
Changed dual-die CFI flash memory device to single-die.
2.2
2.1
Engineering silicon to production silicon revisions:
■
November 2009
2.0
June 2009
1.1
May 2009
1.0
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Revised BTS screen shots to reflect minor GUI revisions.
■
The Configure menu now offers options to determine how to pass data through the
JTAG chain.
■
The Config tab MAX II controls are now more obvious.
■
Changed board update portal .sof name from stratixIVGX_4sgx230es_dev_bup.sof to
s4gx230_fpga_bup.sof.
■
Changed directory path name from stratixIVGX_4sgx230es_fpga to
stratixIVGX_4sgx230_fpga.
■
Changed PowerTool.exe to PowerMonitor.exe.
■
Added description of the Clock Control stand-alone application.
■
Added instructions in Appendix A about restoring the board’s MAC address.
■
Added description of factory board switch settings.
■
Added instructions to restore MAX II CPLD to factory settings.
Initial release.
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Info–2
Additional Information
How to Contact Altera
How to Contact Altera
To locate the most up-to-date information about Altera products, refer to the
following table.
Contact (1)
Technical support
Technical training
Product literature
Contact Method
Address
Website
www.altera.com/support
Website
www.altera.com/training
Email
[email protected]
Website
www.altera.com/literature
Non-technical support (General)
Email
[email protected]
(Software Licensing)
Email
[email protected]
Note to Table:
(1) You can also contact your local Altera sales office or sales representative.
Typographic Conventions
The following table shows the typographic conventions this document uses.
Visual Cue
Meaning
Bold Type with Initial Capital
Letters
Indicate command names, dialog box titles, dialog box options, and other GUI
labels. For example, Save As dialog box. For GUI elements, capitalization matches
the GUI.
bold type
Indicates directory names, project names, disk drive names, file names, file name
extensions, software utility names, and GUI labels. For example, \qdesigns
directory, D: drive, and chiptrip.gdf file.
Italic Type with Initial Capital Letters
Indicate document titles. For example, Stratix IV Design Guidelines.
Indicates variables. For example, n + 1.
italic type
Variable names are enclosed in angle brackets (< >). For example, <file name> and
<project name>.pof file.
Initial Capital Letters
Indicate keyboard keys and menu names. For example, the Delete key and the
Options menu.
“Subheading Title”
Quotation marks indicate references to sections within a document and titles of
Quartus II Help topics. For example, “Typographic Conventions.”
Indicates signal, port, register, bit, block, and primitive names. For example, data1,
tdi, and input. The suffix n denotes an active-low signal. For example, resetn.
Courier type
Indicates command line commands and anything that must be typed exactly as it
appears. For example, c:\qdesigns\tutorial\chiptrip.gdf.
Also indicates sections of an actual file, such as a Report File, references to parts of
files (for example, the AHDL keyword SUBDESIGN), and logic function names (for
example, TRI).
r
An angled arrow instructs you to press the Enter key.
1., 2., 3., and
a., b., c., and so on
Numbered steps indicate a list of items when the sequence of the items is important,
such as the steps listed in a procedure.
■ ■
Bullets indicate a list of items when the sequence of the items is not important.
■
1
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
The hand points to information that requires special attention.
March 2014 Altera Corporation
Additional Information
Typographic Conventions
Visual Cue
Info–3
Meaning
h
A question mark directs you to a software help system with related information.
f
The feet direct you to another document or website with related information.
c
A caution calls attention to a condition or possible situation that can damage or
destroy the product or your work.
w
A warning calls attention to a condition or possible situation that can cause you
injury.
The envelope links to the Email Subscription Management Center page of the Altera
website, where you can sign up to receive update notifications for Altera documents.
March 2014
Altera Corporation
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Info–4
Stratix IV GX FPGA Development Kit User Guide
Additional Information
Typographic Conventions
March 2014 Altera Corporation
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