Biennial Report 2001

Biennial Report 2001
Department of Archaeology
Simon Fraser University
Dr i v e
B u r n a b y,
B . C .
V 5 A
1 S 6
Biennial Report
Editor: Cheryl Takahashi
The Biennial Report is a departmental publication available as a downloadable PDF
from the Department of Archaeology website:
© 2003 Department of Archaeology, SFU
table of
Chair’s Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Department Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Faculty and Staff . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Graduate Students . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Committees and Other Appointments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Graduate Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Graduate Programme Committee Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Graduate Degrees Awarded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Graduate Departmental and External Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Undergraduate Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Undergraduate Programme Committee Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Honours Theses Completed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Undergraduate Awards and Prizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Undergraduate Courses Offered . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
First Nations Studies Programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Field Schools 2001–2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2001 Saalloomt Site Field School . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
2002 SCES-SFU Archaeology Field School, Kamloops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
2002 Fiji Field School . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Faculty Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
David Burley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Roy L. Carlson (Emeritus) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Catherine D’Andrea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Jonathan Driver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Knut Fladmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Biruté Galdikas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Brian Hayden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Ross Jamieson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Dana Lepofsky . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Robert Muir (Lecturer) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Erle Nelson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
George Nicholas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Richard Shutler, Jr. (Emeritus) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Mark Skinner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Eldon Yellowhorn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Dongya Yang . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Alan McMillan (Adjunct) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Research Grants Awarded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Special Honours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Laboratories Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Publications 2001–2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Table of Contents • 3
n introduction to a Biennial Report
can be a challenge for the chair to
write because not everything we did
as a department, during the past two years,
turned out exactly as planned. Yet even with
that caveat, it is clear that the department’s
record of teaching and research was marked
by sturdy and, very often, first-class achievements.
During this biennium our undergraduate
enrolments have increased significantly from
the previous period of record when the university policy of increasing Grade XII direct
intake and reducing community college
transfers caused a drop in our enrolments.
Since most of our students first encounter
the discipline of archaeology in a college setting, the emphasis on Grade XII entry had an
adverse impact on new major declarations. We
responded by making sure our course offerings were offered at the optimal lecture times
and that the range of course topics was always
balanced and appropriate for a given semester. The outcome was that the dip in enrolments was temporary and, indeed, our enrolments now (2001/2002) number 196.30 FTE
as compared to 138.8 FTE in 1999/2000.
Future course planning now focuses on insuring enough spaces for all our majors in the
Upper Levels offerings.
As a department we are able, every year,
to attract a large number of highly qualified
applicants for entry into our graduate program. Our challenge is to insure that we have
a sufficient number of spaces for admitting as
many as possible of these applicants. There is
no doubt that a major constraint on admitting
more students is that the “time to completion”
of our present graduate students is too long.
When this is factored in with the limited num-
4 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
ber of teaching assistantships we have available, then our annual intake of new graduate
students is between five and ten. Shortening
time to completion is a departmental issue
that must be addressed in the coming year.
Our congratulations to Dr. Dana Lepofsky
who was promoted to Associate Professor,
and to Dr. Eldon Yellowhorn who became an
Assistant Professor in 2002. We had hoped to
fill the CRC (Tier I) Chair in Forensic Science
in 2002 and, indeed, did have a potential candidate but who, unfortunately, withdrew his
candidacy at the last moment; the search to
fill this chair has begun anew. The search for
CRC (Tier II) Chair in First Nations Cultural
and Environmental Resource Management, a
joint appointment with Resource Management
in the Faculty of Applied Science, has identified a candidate and the paperwork flow has
begun. Our intent is for the position to be
filled sometime in 2004.
Archaeological fieldwork is expensive,
whether it is in Africa, Fiji or Keatley Creek
and support from the national granting agencies is essential for maintaining the quality
and scope of our research programs. As listed
later in this report we have done extremely
well in funding our field projects, and it
is fully expected that we will continue this
success with our cadre of new and recent
No report would be complete without
mentioning our undergraduate majors who
inhabit the hallways, the “common room”
and the teaching laboratories; they bring
enthusiasm and energy to our classrooms and
field camps.
Dr. Michael Roberts
Department Chair
Faculty and Staff
University Appointments (2002)
Chair & Director First Nations Studies:
Graduate Programme Chair:
Undergraduate Programme Chair:
Roberts, Dr. M.C.
Nelson, Dr. D.E.
D’Andrea, Dr. A.C.
Limited-Term Lecturer
Burley, Dr. D.V. (Professor)
D’Andrea, Dr. A.C. (Associate Professor)
Driver, Dr. J.C. (Professor, Dean of
Graduate Studies)
Fladmark, Dr. K.R. (Professor)
Galdikas, Dr. B.M.F. (Professor)
Hayden, Dr. B.D. (Professor)
Jamieson, Dr. R.W. (Assistant Professor)
Lepofsky, Dr. D. (Associate Professor)
Nance, Dr. J.D. (Professor)
Nelson, Dr. D.E. (Professor)
Nicholas, Dr. G.P. (Associate Professor)
Skinner, Dr. M.F. (Professor)
Yang, Dr. D. (Assistant Professor)
Yellowhorn, Dr. E.C. (Assistant Professor)
Muir, Dr. R.J. (2002–2003)
Professors Emeriti
Carlson, Dr. R.L.
Hobler, Prof. P.M.
Shutler, Dr. R. Jr.
Adjunct Professors
McMillan, Dr. A.D.
Sutton, Dr. A.D.
Wilson, Dr. M.C.
Associate Members
D’Auria, Dr. J.M. (Chemistry)
Mathewes, Dr. R.W. (Biology)
Banerjee, R. (Secretary, Chair/Graduate)
Barton, A. (Laboratory Manager)
Przybyla, L. (Secretary)
Sullivan, A. (Departmental Assistant)
Takahashi, C. (Isotope Laboratory Manager)
Winter, Dr. B. (Museum Curator)
Wood, S. (Laboratory Technician)
Department Organization • 5
Graduate Students
PhD Candidates
Adams, Ronald
An ethnoarchaeological study of feasting in Tana Toraja,
Apaak, Clement
The socioeconomic role of salt in Ethiopia: An ethnoarchaeological study of the traditional salt industry of eastern Tigrai, Ethiopia.
Arnold, Tom
The feasibility of the ice-free corridor as an early human migration
route during the Late Wisconsin Glaciation.
Barton, Andrew
A study of the molluscan remains from Lapita Period sites in the
Kingdom of Tonga.
Brand, Michael
Transient life in Dawson City, Yukon, during the Klondike Gold
Brown, Douglas
Middle and Late Period sociopolitical changes in the Fraser Valley,
Southeastern British Columbia.
Chatan, Robbin
Late19th-century British colonialism in the South Pacific.
Commisso, Rob
Using modern plant delta 15N values to investigate Norse
Settlements in Greenland.
Delgado, James
Forgotten 49ers: The buried Gold Rush fleet of San Francisco.
Kessy, Emanuel
The relationship between the Later Stone Age (LSA) and the Early
Iron Age (EIA) cultures of Kondoa, Central Tanzania.
Markey, Nola
Nlaka’pamux oral traditions: Cultural landscapes and archaeology.
Oakes, Nicole
Changing mortuary patterns: Prehistoric mound building among
the Central Coast Salish of southwestern B.C.
Rahemtulla, Farid
Land use and design of lithic technology during the Early Period
(10,000–5,000 BP) at Namu, Central Coast of British Columbia.
Ramsay, Jennifer
Archaeobotany of classical urban sites in the Near East.
Rawlings, Tiffany
Origins of complex social organization, household archaeology,
architectural theory, and Pacific Rim.
Ross, Douglas
A study of urban development and the maintenance of cultural
identity in Spanish colonial South America through the examination of a single parish or neighbourhood in the colonial city of
Sandgathe, Dennis
The Levallois Reduction Technique in a design theory framework.
Sawatzky, Roland
The use of social space in early Mennonite housebarns of
Southern Manitoba.
6 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Sharp, Karyn
Return rates, food preservation and it’s implications for storage.
Smith, Cameron
Usewear analysis of a protohistoric Lower Columbia River
Chinookan plankhouse assemblage.
St. Denis, Michael
Examination of a colonial hospital in the old city of Riobamba,
Ecuador, with a focus on the treatment of disease and epidemics in
a socioreligious context and to determine what role patient identity may have played (in terms of class, gender, and race).
Taché, Karine
The Early Woodland (3,000–2,400 BP) Period in Northeastern
North America: Structure and regional diversity of the Meadowood
Interaction Sphere.
Tarcan, Carmen
An examination of the faunal remains from Zuni Pueblo (New
Mexico) in terms of subsistence strategies, social organization, and
butchery techniques and patterns.
Woodward, Robyn
Feudalism or emergent agrarian capitalism: The archaeology of an
early 16th-century sugar mill at Sevilla La Nueva, Jamaica.
MA Candidates
Castillo, Victoria
Ethnoarchaeological investigation of changes in ceramic production
in Cuenca, Ecuador during the second half of the 20th century.
Dunk, Chelsea
Investigating plant use at Shields Pueblo during Pueblo II Period,
and evaluate the adequacy of the sampling strategy used at the
Heuman, John
A zooarchaeological examination of Stix & Leaves Pueblo, a
Pueblo II site in the Southwest.
Huculak, Shauna
Using published and unpublished archaeological data to address
the issue of representativeness as it relates to recent datasets recovered in a wide variety of sites and settings in the Interior Plateau of
British Columbia.
Jessee, Erin
Creating a research design for an experimental mass grave within
Canada in order to eventually provide a forum for scientific experimentation and discussion regarding the application of forensic
archaeology to international human rights.
Johansen, Shirley
Identifying secret societies in prehistoric foraging populations.
Karpiak, Monica
GIS modelling of pre-contact land use in Clayoquot Sound.
King, Shannon
What’s the point? A typological analysis of pointed bone artifacts
from Barkley Sound, British Columbia.
Lindsay, Corene
The prehistoric Aboriginal utilization of freshwater molluscs on
the Interior Plateau of British Columbia.
Department Organization
Section Title • 7
Locher, Peter
Early Holocene landscape transformation and human presence in
the Pitt River drainage system, B.C., Canada.
McKechnie, Iain
Examination of the faunal assemblage from the outer coast village
site of Ts’ishaa (DfSi–16) in Barkley Sound, Vancouver Island.
Moore, Gordon
Investigation of a pithouse village site on the Fraser River identified in the journal of Simon Fraser. Combining local oral history
with the journal data to better understand the interaction of First
Nations people with Europeans in the early fur trade economy.
Nimmo, Evelyn
An archaeological investigation of a colonial Latin American
convent in Cuenca, Ecuador.
Pasacreta, Laura
Examination of the religious and cultural ideologies behind overseas Chinese burial practices in the East Kootenays, 1860s–1910s.
Puskus, Cathy
Characteristics of dental crowding in gorillas, orangutans and
Reid, Michael
Malaria in wild-born, ex-captive orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) in
Kalimantan Tengah, Indonesia.
Storey, Alice
An examination of how the fields of archaeology and biochemistry
can be used together to study ancient DNA. It is hoped this will
help to reconstruct the history of mitochondrial DNA variation in
the South Pacific as it relates to the spread of the Polynesians and
Lapita peoples.
Trost, Teresa
Faunal analysis of a late prehistoric site located in Strathcona Park
in the Burrard Inlet, B.C.
Tsukamoto, Suyoko
The periodicity of enamel hypoplasia in the bonobo (P. paniscus)
through the examination of microincremental structures
(i.e. perikymata) on the tooth crown surface.
Vallieres, Claudine
Study of the faunal assemblage of the Paleoindian component of
Charlie Lake Cave, looking for human behavior.
Weber, Nicholas
Ethnozooarchaeological research of herding practices in the
northern highlands of Ethiopia.
Weiser, Andrea
Camas (Camassia sp.) tissue identification using scanning
electron microscopy, Whidbey Island, Washington and Vancouver
Island, B.C.
Will, Mike
Lateral cycling in historic industrial context.
8 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Committees and Other Appointments
Department Tenure Committees
Burley, D.V.
D’Andrea, A.C.
Fladmark, K.R.
Hayden, B.D.
Jamieson, R.W
Nicholas, G.P.
Yang, D.
Chair: Roberts, M.C
Members: Anderson, G.S. (Criminology)
Bradshaw, B.E. (Geogography)
D’Andrea, A.C
Fladmark, K.R.
Skinner, M.F.
Yellowhorn, E.C.
Appointment Search Committees
2002: Tier I CRC in
Forensic Science
2001: ARCH/REM Tier II CRC in
First Nations Cultural and Environmental
Resource Management
Co-Chairs: Burley, D.V.
Members: Williams, P. (REM)
Jamieson, R.W.
Lepofsky, D.S.
Lertzman, K. (REM)
Pinkerton, E. (REM)
Yellowhorn, E.C.
Burley, D.V.
Chair: Roberts, M.C.
Members: Anderson, G.S. (Criminology)
Skinner, M.F.
Yang, D.
First Nations/Archaeology Committee
Burley, D.V.
Culhane, D. (Anthropology)
Ignace, M.A. (Anthropology)
Mellow, J.D. (Linguistics)
Nicholas, G.P.
Raibmon, P. (History)
Yellowhorn, E.C.
Yellowhorn, E.C.
Culhane, D. (Anthropology)
Gardner, E. (Education)
Ignace, M.A.(Anthropology)
Mellow, J.D. (Linguistics)
Nicholas, G.P.
Raibmon, P. (History)
Department Organization
Section Title • 9
Graduate Programme Committee
Hayden, B.D.
Driver, J.C.
Jamieson, R.W.
Skinner, M.F.
Sandgathe, D. (grad rep.)
Nelson, D.E.
Jamieson, R.W.
Sandgathe, D. (grad rep.)
Undergraduate Programme Committee
Lepofsky, D.
Lyons, D.
Sullivan, A. (DA)
Morin, J. (undergrad. rep)
D’Andrea, A.C.
Sullivan, A. (DA)
Nolte, K. (undergrad. rep)
Archaeology Graduate Caucus
Dept. Rep:
Chatan, Robin
Sharp, Karyn
Takamoto, Suyoko
Brand, Michael
Dept. Rep:
Sharp, Karyn
Castillo, Vicky
Dunk, Chelsea
Sandgathe, Dennis
Undergraduate Archaeology Student Society
Morin, Jessie (President)
Nolte, Kristine (President)
Jamieson, R.W.
Roberts, M.C.
Library Committee Representative
Burley, D.V.
Research Liaison – Faculty of Arts
Burley, D.V.
10 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Graduate Programme Committee Report
he 2000 Annual Report contained a
description of a series of minor and
substantive changes to our graduate programme which were underway at
that time. Since, these changes have been
finalized, and we now have had the first
year of operation under a revised set of
departmental rules. A greatly updated and
expanded Guide to the Archaeology Graduate
Programme provides incoming and current
students with a detailed description of our
graduate programme, the resources available, the tasks to be completed, and the
department’s expectations of graduate students. Changes to the course offerings and
to the PhD, comprehensive examinations
are now firmly in place.
This information is also now available on
the internet, and prospective students can
browse through it at:
In 2001, ten new MA and four new PhD
students entered our programme; the corresponding numbers for 2002 are eight
and three, respectively.
Total graduate enrollment at the end
of 2002 was 48 students. This number is
approaching departmental capacity. The
most pressing problem for the next years
will be to address this issue, especially in
view of the changing resources and enrollment pressures that are expected to occur.
Discussions are now beginning.
As current Graduate Chair, I wish to
acknowledge the great effort made by our
colleague Cathy D’Andrea, to re-work our
graduate programme.
Erle Nelson
Chair, Graduate
Programme Committee (2002)
Title • 11
Graduate Degrees Awarded
2001 Doctor of Philosophy
Chen, Ying-ying
In the Colonies of Tang: Historical Archaeology of Chinese
Communities in the North Cariboo District, British Columbia
2001 Master of Arts
Adams, Ron
Ethnoarchaeology of Torajan Feasts
Crucefix, Lanna
Copper Use in the Old Copper Complex: A Comparative Analysis
of Wittry VI-C Copper Axes and Three-Quarter Grooved Stone Axes
Park, Julie
Food from the Heartland: The Iwawi Site and Tiwanaku Political
Economy from a Faunal Perspective
Spurgeon, Terry
Wapato (Sagittaria latifolia) in Katzie Traditional Territory, Pitt
Meadows, British Columbia
2002 Master of Arts
Budhwa, Rick
Correlations Between Catastrophic Paleoenvironmental Events
and Native Oral Traditions of the Pacific Northwest
Marshall, Amanda
Culturally Modified Trees of the Nechako Plateau: Cambium
Utilization Amongst Traditional Carrier (Dakhel) Peoples
Commisso, Rob
Foliar delta 15N as an Indicator of Anthropogenic Sediments
12 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Graduate Departmental and External Awards
2001 Awards
Adams, Ron
Brand, Michael
Brown, Doug
Budhwa, Rick
Chatan, Robbin
Dewing, Natalie
Kessy, Emanuel
Oakes, Nicole
Ramsay, Jennifer
Sandgathe, Dennis
Sawatzky, Roland
Sharpe, Karyn
Tache, Karine
Graduate Fellowship
Department Travel Award
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship, Department Travel Award
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship, SSHRC
President’s PhD Research Stipend
Graduate Fellowship, Northern Scientific Training Program
Scott Paper & Special Grad Entrance Award, SSHRC
2002 Awards
Adams, Ron
Chatan, Robbin
Commisso, Rob
King, Shannon
Locher, Peter
Markey, Nola
McKechnie, Iain
Nimmo, Evelyn
Ramsay, Jennifer
Ross, Doug
Sawatzky, Roland
Takamoto, Suyoko
Tarcan, Carmen
Trost, Teresa
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship
Archaeometry Prize
Graduate Fellowship, Department Travel Award
Graduate Fellowship
SAA Arthur C. Parker Scholarship
Graduate Fellowship, Department Travel Award
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship
SFU Alumni Association + Special Grad Entrance Award
Graduate Fellowship
Graduate Fellowship (x2)
SSHRC, President’s PhD Research Stipend
Department Travel Award
Title • 13
Undergraduate Programme Committee Report
n 2001/2002 the Undergraduate
Programme Committee continued curriculum planning and delivered several
new courses. Work continued on the development of a cultural resource management certificate programme. Annualised
FTE enrolments
experienced a steady
increase from 138.8
in 1999/2000 to 154.7
in 2000/2001 and
196.3 in 2001/2002. In
2001/2002, our undergraduates included:
135 approved honours,
FTE enrolments
majors, and joint majors; 40 minors and
extended minors; and 45 graduands. New
courses delivered emphasised the archaeology of ancient civilisations including,
Classical Archaeology: Greece and Rome,
The Aztec and Inca: An Archaeology of
Empires, and The Archaeology of Ancient
Egypt and Africa. In addition, a new
course on ancient China was in the planning stages.
Ann Sullivan
Departmental Assistant
Catherine D’Andrea
Chair, Undergraduate
Programme Committee (2002)
Honours Theses Completed
Storey, Alice
Can Tongan Cannibalism be Substantiated by Archaeological
Evidence? A Study of Human Remains from the Ha’apai Islands
Williams, Brenda
Searching for Human Remains: The Use of Carnivore Scavenging
Patterns and Body Dumpsite Characteristics to Develop a Search
Ewonus, Paul
Subsistence Patterns from 7500 BP: Faunal Analysis of the Stirling
Creek Bridge Site (DiRa–9), Similkameen Valley, South-Central
British Columbia
14 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Sydenham, Rachel
The Material Culture of Twins: A Preliminary Study of Twins in
Africa with a Concentration on Cameroon
Morin, Jesse
Cutting Edges and Salmon Skin: An Investigation of Variation in
Salmon Processing Technology on the Northwest Coast
Puskas, Cathy
Intra-Oral Gunshot Trauma: A Study in Differential Diagnosis
Skinner, Matthew
Age-related Changes to the Intervertebral Discs Within the Human
Undergraduate Awards and Prizes
Ingrid Nystrom Archaeology Award
Villeneuve, Suzanne
Weathers, Beth
Brian Williamson Memorial Award in Archaeology
Fernandez, Mirko
Logan, Amanda
Chair’s Essay Prize
Skinner, Matt
Age-related Change in the Sacrum:
A Methodological Analysis
Logan, Amanda
Research Proposal: Paleoethnobotany and Historical
Archaeology in Ecuador
Richard P. Brolly Prize
Larson, Lisa
A Study of the Life History of a Miocence
Dryopithecus brancoi Individual Through the
Examination of Incremental Dental Markings and
Enamel Hypoplasia
Woiderski, Joshua
Meadowcroft Rockshelter: The Geological Context
of Radiocarbon Dates and Possible Sources of
Contamination Based on Sedimentary Analysis
Title • 15
Undergraduate Courses Offered
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places
Ross Jamieson
131–3 Human Origins
Biruté Galdikas
200–3 Special Topics: The Vikings
Erle Nelson
201–3 Introduction to Archaeology
Dana Lepofsky
273–3 Archaeology of the New World
Eldon Yellowhorn
321–3 The Archaeology of Britain
Jonathan Driver
335–5 Special Topics: GIS for Archaeology Students
Jack Nance
344–3 Primate Behaviour
Biruté Galdikas
349–5 Management of Archaeological Collections
Barbara Winter
360–5 Native Cultures of North America
Knut Fladmark
373–5 Human Osteology
Dongya Yang
378–3 Pacific Northwest North America
Dana Lepofsky
385–5 Paleoanthropology
Mark Skinner
386–3 Archaeological Resource Management
David Burley
390–5 Archaeobotany
Catherine D’Andrea
410–5 Advanced Archaeometry
Erle Nelson
433–6 Archaeological Field Techniques
Dana Lepofsky
442–5 Forensic Anthropology
Mark Skinner
471–5 Archaeological Theory
Diane Lyons
479–3, 480–5, 498–5 and 499–5 Directed Readings, Labs and Honours Thesis
131–3 Human Origins
332–3 Mycenaean Archaeology (taught in Greece)
334–3 Special Topics: Archaeology for Educators
(SCES-SFU in Kamloops)
335–5 Special Topics: Introduction to Museum Studies (SCES-SFU)
433–6, 434–3, 435–6 Bella Coola Field school
480–5 Directed Labs
Tiffany Rawlings
Sophia Zaharatou
George Nicholas
Barbara Winter
Phil Hobler
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places (Correspondence)
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places
131–3 Human Origins
200–3 Special Topics: Classical Archaeology: Greece and Rome
(at Harbour Centre)
201–3 Introduction to Archaeology
223–3 The Prehistory of Canada
16 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Brian Hayden
Ross Jamieson
Diane Lyons
Caroline Williams
Dana Lepofsky
Knut Fladmark
226–3 The Prehistory of Religion (Correspondence)
226–3 The Prehistory of Religion
272–3 Archaeology of the Old World
273–3 Archaeology of the New World (SCES-SFU in Kamloops)
301–3 Prehistoric and Indigenous Art
330–3 The Prehistory of Latin America
332–3 Special Topics: Underwater Archaeology
365–3 Ecological Archaeology
370–3 Western Pacific Prehistory
372–5 Material Culture Analysis
373–5 Human Osteology
376–5 Quantitative Methods in Archaeology
471–5 Archaeological Theory
480–5, 498–5 Directed Readings and Labs
485–5 Lithic Technology (SCES-SFU in Kamloops)
Brian Hayden
Brian Hayden
Brian Hayden
Catherine Carlson
Barbara Winter
Ross Jamieson
Robyn Woodward
Dana Lepofsky
David Burley
Robert Muir
Dongya Yang
Jack Nance
Diane Lyons
George Nicholas
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places (Day course)
Diane Lyons
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places (Evening course)
Catherine D’Andrea
105–3 The Evolution of Technology
Brian Hayden
131–3 Human Origins
Biruté Galdikas
131–3 Human Origins (at Harbour Centre)
Cassandra Bill
200–3 Special Topics: Archaeology of Ancient Egypt and Africa
Catherine D’Andrea
201–3 Introduction to Archaeology
Robert Muir
201–3 Introduction to Archaeology (SCES-SFU Kamloops)
George Nicholas
226–3 The Prehistory of Religion (Correspondence)
Brian Hayden
273–3 Archaeology of the New World
Ross Jamieson
333–3 Special Topics: Archaeological Computing
Suyoko Tsukamoto
334–3 Special Topics: The Aztec and Inka: An Archaeology of Empires
Ross Jamieson
335–5 Special Topics: Molecular Bio-Archaeology
Dongya Yang
336–6 Prehistoric and Indigenous Art: Northwest Coast Indian Art
Alan McMillan
340–5 Zooarchaeology
Jonathan Driver
344–3 Primate Behaviour
Biruté Galdikas
349–5 Management of Archaeological Collections
Barbara Winter
378–3 Pacific Northwest North America
Dana Lepofsky
432–5 Advanced Physical Anthropology
Dongya Yang
438–5 Geoarchaeology
Knut Fladmark
471–5 Archaeological Theory
Diane Lyons
479–3, 480–5, 498–5, 499–5 Directed Readings, Labs and Honours Thesis
480–5 Directed Labs (SCES-SFU Kamloops)
George Nicholas
Title • 17
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places
131–3 Human Origins
332–3 Special Topics: Fiji Culture and Heritage (Fiji Field school)
333–3 Mycenaean Archaeology (taught in Greece)
349–5 Archaeological Collections Management (SCES-SFU Kamloops)
370–3 Western Pacific Prehistory (Fiji Field school)
372–5 Material Culture Analysis (SCES-SFU Kamloops)
435–6 Fieldwork Practicum (Fiji Field school)
435–6 Fieldwork Practicum (SCES-SFU Kamloops)
479–3 Directed Readings (Fiji Field school)
479–3 Directed Readings (SCES-SFU Kamloops)
480–5 Directed Labs
480–5 Directed Labs (SCES-SFU Kamloops)
Robert Muir
Lisa Anderson
David Burley
Sophia Zaharatou
Barbara Winter
David Burley
George Nicholas
David Burley
George Nicholas
David Burley
George Nicholas
Barbara Winter
George Nicholas
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places (Day course)
100–3 Ancient Peoples and Places (Evening course)
131–3 Human Origins
200–3 Special Topics: The Vikings
201–3 Introduction to Archaeology
223–3 The Prehistory of Canada
272–3 Archaeology of the Old World
332–3 Special Topics: Ceramic Analysis in Archaeology
333–3 Special Topics: The Archaeology of China
334–3 Special Topics: First Nations Issues in Archaeology
335–5 Archaeological Conservation
336–3 Prehistoric and Indigenous Art: Northwest Coast Indian Art
372–5 Material Culture Analysis
373–5 Human Osteology
390–5 Archaeobotany
442–5 Forensic Anthropology
471–5 Archaeological Theory
479–3, 498–5 Directed and Honours Readings
18 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Ross Jamieson
Robert Muir
Mark Skinner
Erle Nelson
Robert Muir
Knut Fladmark
Catherine D’Andrea
Laurie Beckwith
Dongya Yang
Eldon Yellowhorn
Barbara Winter
Alan McMillan
Dennis Sandgathe
Dongya Yang
Catherine D’Andrea
Mark Skinner
Robert Muir
First Nations
studies programme
irst Nations Studies (FNST) is an
interdisciplinary approach to examining the experience of Aboriginal
People in the Canadian setting. It introduces students to topics that affect the
lines of communication between Canadian
society and the Aboriginal minority. It was
designed originally to be a part of the curriculum offered by the Sewepemc Cultural
Education Society. Although it was delivered first at the Kamloops campus, the
success of this program proved to be the
stimulus for launching a similar endeavour on the Burnaby campus. Students
may apply courses toward a minor in First
Nations Studies to complement their
major area of study.
First Nations Studies involves two
streams of course credit. The first stream
of course forms the core of the minor
program. These include: FNST 101:
The Cultures, Languages and Origins
of Canada’s First Peoples; FNST 201:
Canadian Aboriginal Peoples’ Perspectives
on History; FNST 301: Issues in Applied
First Nations Studies Research; FNST 401:
Aboriginal Rights and Government
Relations; FNST 402: The Discourse of
Native Peoples; and FNST 403: Indigenous
Knowledge in the Modern World. The
second stream of courses from sociology/
anthropology, linguistics, history, criminology and archaeology can be cross-listed
for credit in First Nations Studies. These
courses are taught by faculty and sessional
Eldon Yellowhorn
First Nations Studeis Programme • 19
Field Schools
2001 SFU Field School at the Saalloomt Site
he field school in 2001, taught by
Prof. Phil Hobler, consisted of four
weeks of full-time, on-campus classes
and exercises. Field work then took place
in June and July in the Bella Coola Valley.
The project operated from a tent camp
close to the excavation. Work concentrated
upon the excavation of an early (6,000–
9,000 BP) archaeological site. Cultural
resource management techniques were also
emphasized and students got to participate
in forestry cut-block surveys, or a traditional use study. In addition to academic credits, students received RIC certification provided through a government programme.
20 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Professor Hobler was assisted by graduate student, Mike Will. Lisa Seip supervised
five Bella Coola Environmental Youth
Team participants who, along with the 16
SFU students, brought the excavation team
total to 24.
The SFU field school has long operated
on the principle that field methods should
be taught in association with a research
project, with serious goals. It has also
emphasize the diversification of site, laboratory, and field camp experience.
Philip Hobler
Archaeology Field
School, Kamloops
his year marked the
10th anniversary of the
Simon Fraser UniversitySecwepemc Education Institute
Field School, with 26 students
enrolled from the Kamloops and
Burnaby campuses, and from
Okanagan University College,
University of Northern British
Columbia, Langara College, and
the University of Victoria. In addition
to the 14 credit-hours, RIC certification
was included.
Our work continued a study of longterm land-use patterns in the Interior
Plateau that has been underway since
1991. Excavations this year were not on the
glaciolacustrine terraces on the Kamloops
Indian Reserve, where most of our work
has been conducted, but rather in the
nearby Secwepemc Heritage Park. The
park is situated on a large archaeological
site, EeRb–77, the most visible portion of
which is the cluster of house-pit depressions that mark a late prehistoric village
site. Our investigations were directed to
the earlier occupations there—in 1991,
deep testing by the first SCES-SFU Archaeology Field School revealed very deeply
buried occupations to the northeast. That
testing demonstrated a cultural record
extending to at least 3 meters below the
ground surface. Charcoal from depth from
the 2.5 meter occupation level produced
a radiocarbon date of 6,000 years before
present, with earlier but undated material
below that.
The primary goal of this year’s excavations in the Heritage Park was to excavate
this deep and very old portion of the
site. To accomplish this, an area of 6 by
16 meters was taken down to 70 cm by
backhoe and shovel, and individual 2 m2
units were then excavated to a depth of
3 meters. A large, freshwater shellfish midden was uncovered in one portion of the
site, which appears to date to within the
last 3,000 years. A wide variety of Late and
Middle Period stone and bone artifacts
were recovered from the site, and well as
thousands of tool production flakes, tens
of thousands of mussel shells, and numerous faunal remains. Human remains were
also found, and were excavated at the
request of the Kamloops Band.
This excavation will hopefully reveal
new data and insights on middle and early
Holocene archaeology in the area, and
provide new insights into the development
of later Secwepemc land-use patterns. In
particular, this year’s work also allows us
to compare directly the archaeological
records of the 6,000 year (and older) terrace site occupations, which we have excavated in previous years, with those of comparable age from the riverside site.
George Nicholas
Title • 21
2002 Fiji Field School
he Department of Archaeology and
SFU Department of International
Exchange Student Services held
the fourth biannual South Pacific field
school in Archaeology in Fiji from May
through July 2002. Nineteen archaeology
undergraduate majors and minors participated. Dr. David Burley served as field
school director with MA student Alice
Storey as the teaching assistant. Jessi Witt
(SFU) supervised the field laboratory while
Andrew Barton (SFU) and Dr. Margaret
Purser (Sonoma State University) assisted
with fieldwork supervision. Following two
weeks of instruction on the SFU Burnaby
campus, students flew to Fiji for five weeks
of classroom
work at the
University of
South Pacific
in Suva. Three
weeks of field
practicum was
then given,
including exca-
22 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
vations and survey in the Sigatoka Sand
Dunes National Park on the Coral Coast
of Viti Levu. Students also were taken on
tours of Levuka, the first colonial capital of
Fiji, Nakabuta pottery village, Tavuni Hill
fort, the Fiji Museum, and other venues.
Fieldwork at the Sigatoka Sand Dunes was
carried out in co-ordination with the Fiji
Museum and the National Trust for Fiji.
Courses offered included Western Pacific
Prehistory (ARCH 370), Fijian Culture
and Heritage (ARCH 332), Archaeological
field work practicum (ARCH 435) and
Directed Readings (ARCH 479).
David Burley
David Burley
esearch in the spring semester of
2001 largely was concerned with
the preparation of a permanent
museum exhibit on “The First Tongans”
for installation in the Tongan National
Museum, Nuku’alofa. This exhibit included eight wall-mounted interpretive panels
with English/Tongan texts as well as ten
museum display cases of archaeological
materials excavated between 1991 and
1999. The exhibit was officially opened
in early August by Prince Levaka, Ata,
Ulukulalã, the Prime Minister of Tonga.
Andrew Barton, Alice Storey and Jessi Witt
were instrumental in seeing this project
through to completion.
Excavation at the Sigatoka Sand dunes National
Park, June 2002.
August 2001. Opening of “The First Tongans”
Exhibit at the Tongan National Museum by
Prime Minister Levaka, Ata, Ulukalã (left).
With the assistance of Andrew Barton,
survey and test excavations were carried
out on the Royal Estate of Kauvai on the
island of Tongatapu, Tonga, in June and
July of 2001. Field research in 2002 was
undertaken in conjunction with the Fiji
Museum and the Simon Fraser University
field school at the Sigatoka Sand Dunes,
Viti Levu, Fiji. Survey was carried out
throughout the dunes with excavations
being continued at Plainware (circa
1,600 BP) and Navatu (circa 1,450 BP)
phase village occupations initiated in 2000.
Cataloguing and analysis of Tongan and
Fijian archaeological collections was ongoing through both years.
Faculty Research • 23
Roy L. Carlson (Emeritus)
n 2001/2002 I continued working on
the Pender Island archaeological
collection. Much of what I have done is
as Managing Editor of Archaeology
Press: edited Prehistoric Mortuary Variability
on Gabriola Island, British Columbia by
Joanne Curtin published in 2002; began
editing Archaeology of Coastal British
Columbia: Essays in Honour of P.M. Hobler to
be published by Archeology Press in 2003.
I also attended the Indo-Pacific Prehistory
Association meetings, and examined
archaeological collections and sites in
Catherine D’Andrea
n 2001/2002 research continued on
ancient and modern traditional farming societies of sub-Saharan Africa.
Recent ethnoarchaeological work in
Ethiopia has investigated traditional knowledge of disappearing and rare cereals such
as emmer wheat and tef. Emmer wheat
was a cereal integral to life in the ancient
world, and Ethiopia is one of the few places
where it is still cultivated for human
consumption (Figure 1). In addition to
providing clues to interpreting the archae-
FIGURE 1. Mrs. Halufti pounding grain, northern Ethiopia.
24 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
ological record, results are yielding insights
into the often overlooked role of women
in non-mechanised cereal processing and
their overall contribution to rural agriculture in developing countries. Collaboration
has continued with American (Boston
University) and Italian (Istituto Universitario Orientale, Naples) archaeologists on
excavations relating to the Kingdom of
Aksum (500 BC – AD 1000), where we are
developing archaeological identification
criteria for tef grain, an important cereal
for both ancient and modern Ethiopians.
A new SSHRC-funded international collaborative project is underway involving
Dr. Mitiku Haile (Mekelle University,
Ethiopia), Dr. Diane Lyons (University of
Calgary), Dr. Larry Pavlish (University of
Toronto), several Ethiopian and European
investigators, SFU archaeology technician
Shannon Wood, and graduate students
Clement Apaak and Nick Weber. In this
project we are significantly enlarging the
scope of our ethnoarchaeological investigations as well as moving in a new direction
with a planned archaeological survey at
Gulo-Makeda, northern Tigrai. The main
goal of this research is to investigate the
role of rural peoples in the development of
ancient complex societies in the Ethiopian
Jonathan Driver
SFU at Crow Canyon.
n 2001 and 2002 I continued my
term as Dean of Graduate Studies,
and I have been able to spend less
time in the Department than I would
wish. I have continued to teach undergraduate and graduate courses. I am currently supervising one honours, two MA
and two PhD students. Two MA students
(Julie Park and Terry Spurgeon) completed their programs under my supervision in 2001.
My research focus continues to be the
northern American Southwest, exploring
a range of topics through faunal analysis. Much of this work has been done in
conjunction with graduate students and
through collaboration with Crow Canyon
Center. We are
now collaborating
with Fort Lewis
College, University
of Colorado
(Boulder), Zuni
Cultural Resource
Enterprise, and
private consultants.
I have had little time for fieldwork, but
a number of the research group participated in a road trip in 2001 in order to
introduce the region and its collections.
Most of my research has been supported
by grants from the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council.
Although I have not undertaken any
Canadian fieldwork for many years, I am
still publishing occasionally, and a new
graduate student will be taking a closer
look at some of the fauna from Charlie
Lake Cave. I recently published two short
critiques of studies that claim a considerable antiquity for humans in Alberta.
In addition to my administrative duties
at SFU, I am also secretary-treasurer
for the Canadian
Association of
Graduate Studies,
and was recently
re-elected to the
Committee of
the International
Council for
Title • 25
Knut Fladmark
n 2001–2002, as with every year since
being injured in an automobile accident in 1985, I was unable to direct
any new field research. Besides up-grading
course material, most of that time was used
in preparing a 60 page manuscript summarizing current paleoenvironmental data
bearing on the relative feasibility of interior “ice-free corridor” vs. “coastal” routes
for early movements of people south of
Beringia. That formed the basis of a paper
that I was invited to present at the plenary
session of the 17th Biennial Meeting of the
“American Quaternary Association,” in
Anchorage, Alaska, in August, 2002. I hope
to submit a smaller version of that manuscript for publication in the near future.
I also completed a “Science Forward”
chapter for a volume to be titled Haida
Gwaii: Human History and Environment from
the Time of Toadl (Loon) to the Time of the
ya’aastsxaatgaay (‘Iron People’), being prepared and edited by Daryl Fedje and Rolf
Biruté Galdikas
r. Galdikas’ research specialties
include studies of primate behavior, ecology, and evolution, with
particular focus on orangutans. Other
research interests involve tropical rain forest ecology and phenology.
Since 1971 research has been ongoing at
the Orangutan research and conservation
center in Tanjung Puting National Park,
Indonesia. These studies have been specifi-
cally concerned with wild orangutan behavior, the development of orangutan conservation programs, and the re-introduction
of captured individuals into the wild.
Specific areas that have been investigated
include orangutan subsistence, sociality,
reproduction, cognitive potentials, communications and tool use. Other primate
studies have been carried out on proboscus
monkeys and macaques.
Brian Hayden
over the
last two
years has focused
on ethnoarchaeological
studies of feasting in Southeast
Asia, particularly
in the Torajan
26 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
of Sulawesi, Sumba, and in Polynesia.
Excavation work was conducted at Keatley
Creek, and the first two (out of three) volumes of the final report on Keatley Creek
were published. The volume which I co-edited with Michael Dietler (Feasts: Archaeological
and Ethnographic Perspectives on Food, Politics,
and Power) on feasting was published by the
Smithsonian Institution Press, and a volume
on prehistoric religion is also scheduled to
be published.
Ross Jamieson
une to August of 2002 was the final
field season of the Cuenca Historical
Archaeology Project in Ecuador. This
SSHRC-funded project is focussed on the
colonial material culture of the urban
core of Cuenca, a city which was founded
in 1577 on the ruins of the Inka centre of
During this field season two students
completed fieldwork for MA degrees associated with the project. Victoria Castillo
conducted interviews and studied collections from the Convención del 45 neighbourhood, a barrio of potters on the western
edge of Cuenca’s core. She is exploring the
20th-century production of glazed pottery
in Cuenca, and its relationship to the local
economy and tourism. Evelyn Nimmo conducted excavations and studied museum
collections at the Conceptas convent in
Cuenca, looking at the gendered use of
material culture in this convent, which has
been part of the city of Cuenca since 1599.
The Cuenca Project also completed the
analysis of collections from the Catedral
Vieja, the central church in the city, which
was founded in the 1570s. This building is
undergoing renovations for conversion to
a museum of religious art, and extensive
salvage excavations were undertaken by
Ecuadorian government archaeologists
prior to the renovations. The majority of
the archaeological materials recovered
from these excavations had not been
previously analysed, and form important
comparative materials to our excavations
in colonial domestic contexts.
With the conclusion of the Cuenca
project I will be looking for new horizons,
and am considering the colonial city of
Riobamba, destroyed by an earthquake in
the late 18th century, as a site for future
comparative research.
Title • 27
Dana Lepofsky
y research during 2001 and 2002
was divided between finishing
up previous projects and initiating new ones. My students and I continue
to analyze material from the Scowlitz and
Strathcona Park sites. Happily, the analysis
of both is near completion and we expect
several publications to result from this
I have just started a large, inter-disciplinary study which explores shifting interactions and changing social identities among
the Stó:lo, a Coast Salish group residing in
the Fraser Valley in southwestern British
Columbia. This project brings together
researchers from history, linguistics,
archaeology, and geomorphology to investigate how social, political, ritual, and economic interactions among the Stó:lo vary
in time and space. We combine archaeological evidence with that from historical
documents, oral accounts, ethnographic
sources, and archival and current information on place names, to explore Stó:lo
interactions. Archaeologically, this entails
a two-tiered approach that includes survey,
mapping, and limited testing of approximately 30 village sites as well as more
detailed investigations of three village sites
that are linked to historic occupations.
Robert Muir (Lecturer )
worked as a part-time instructor/
researcher in the department from the
winter of 2000 through the summer
of 2002. In August of 2002 I was awarded
a one-year contract as a full-time lecturer.
My research over the last two years has
focused primarily on zooarchaeological
investigations of environmental, social,
and economic factors associated with
the development and demise of large
aggregated pueblo communities in the
northern San Juan region of the American
Southwest during the 12th and 13th centuries AD. This has included analyses of
faunal assemblages from a variety of sites
in Colorado, most notably Yellow Jacket,
Woods Canyon, and Sand Canyon Pueblos.
Much of this research has been carried
out in partnership with Jon Driver (SFU)
28 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
and Crow Canyon Archaeological Center. I
have recently conducted analyses of faunal
remains from the Dunlap-Salazar site (New
Mexico) for Tom Rocek of The University
of Delaware.
I have also been involved in archaeological research in British Columbia. This has
included test excavations of a 3,000 year
old pithouse village site (EcRq–1) near
Pemberton and development of provincial
standards for the recording of culturally
modified trees. This latter work included
a contribution to the “CMT Handbook”
as well as a research report published
by the Ministry of Sustainable Resource
Management. I am currently developing a
survey and excavation project in Southern
British Columbia that will be the focus of a
field school in 2003.
Erle Nelson
y research activities over the past
two years have focussed heavily on an isotopic dietary study
of the Greenland Norse and Thule. This
very large study was begun several years
ago in collaboration with colleagues at
Aarhus University and the University of
Copenhagen. The project is now nearing completion, and I spent 8 months of
sabbatical leave in 2002 working on data
interpretation and on the 5–6 publications
which will complete the study.
Other ongoing research topics include:
• an attempt to fingerprint Arctic materials as a basis for trade studies, in separate
studies with researchers from the Canadian
Museum of Civilization and the National
Museum of Denmark;
• dating marine and terrestrial samples
from a Norse site in Greenland with
researchers from Greenland and Denmark;
• two small completed studies of the
reliability of caribou antler as an Arctic
dating material, with researchers from the
Canadian Museum of Civilization and the
University of Copenhagen;
• work with PhD student R. Commisso
to investigate the possibilities to use stable
nitrogen isotope analysis of living plants to
investigate archaeological sites;
• ongoing developmental work to
improve bone radiocarbon dating, and in
particular to decrease sample size requirements (in-house); and
• side studies to help others with dating
difficult samples.
These studies are undertaken in the
small SFU Archaeometry Laboratory in
which the very critical sample preparation
is done. The isotopic measures per se are
made at the Lawrence-Livermore National
Laboratory (AMS dating) and at the UBC
Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences
(stable isotope analyses).
The Archaeometry Laboratory is managed by Cheryl Takahashi, who is responsible for routine (and sometimes very
non-routine) sample preparation and who
takes an active role in technical development. The Lab maintains a Report Series
for in-house work. Most are available upon
request, but a few are project-specific and
so cannot be distributed. Titles for this past
year include:
Nelson, D.E., and C.M. Takahashi
2002 A radiocarbon date on an old
Greenlandic caribou antler. SFU
Archaeometry Laboratory Report #2002–1.
Takahashi, C.M., and D.E. Nelson
2002 Radiocarbon dating and stable isotope
analysis of antler and bone from Greenland.
SFU Archaeometry Laboratory Report
Bovine tibia fragment showing the reduction of
sample size requirements from 1996 (large holes,
right) to present (small holes, left).
Title • 29
George Nicholas
n the past two years, I have been
involved in a variety of research and
field projects based at the Kamloops
campus, where I teach and direct the
SCES-SFU Indigenous Archaeology
Program. I also became Editor-in-Chief
of the Canadian Journal of Archaeology in
Current projects include:
• a globally-oriented research project
on wetland ecology and hunter-gatherer
archaeology that will culminate in a book
for Plenum/Kluewer Press, and derivative
journal articles;
• research on the potential role of intellectual property rights in archaeology;
• co-investigator on “Patterns in Ethnobotany: People-Plant Relationships of the
30 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Interior Plateau and Northwest Coast,” a
three-year, interdisciplinary SSHRC-funded
project. A major component of this project
is my investigation of the role that wetlands
had on prehistoric and historic land-use
practices and resource harvesting, with
field studies planned for selected locations in the Interior and Coastal regions of
British Columbia;
• continued investigation of the theoretical
and sociopolitical aspects on Indigenous
archaeology(ies) at local, national, and
international levels; and
• ongoing study of long-term land use in
the Kamloops region. This has involved
extensive excavation at several multiplecomponent sites that are yielding a record
of activities that span at least the last 7,000
Richard Shutler, Jr. (Emeritus)
r. Shutler’s current research
and papers in process include:
1) Lapita Pottery Homeland:
A new look; 2) The Kamchatka – Aleutian
Islands as the route for people following
the Coastal Route into North and South
America; 3) Analysis and reporting of my
excavations at the Atiahara Site on Tubuai,
Austral Islands, French Polynesia; 4) Nine
new radiocarbon dates from Tabon Cave,
Paluwau, Philippines; 5) Reminiscences
of my association with Edward Winslow
Gifford; 6) The Professional Career
of Dr. William G. Solheim – chapter for his Festschrift to be published
by the University of the Philippines;
7) Assessment of a 426 page manuscript
for the Humanities and Social Sciences
Federation of Canada, Aid to Scholarly
Publications Programme.
Mark Skinner
r. Skinner’s
research interests
include paleoanthropology, dental
anthropology and forensic
anthropology. His current research is funded
by the Social Sciences
and Humanities Research
Council of Canada. He is the 2002 recipient of the Bora Laskin National Fellowship
in Human Rights Research. Consequently,
he will be spending 2003 critiquing current protocols for the exhumation of mass
graves. He is particularly concerned with
the contribution that forensic archaeology and anthropology are making to the
International Criminal Court systems. His
dental and fossil interests are currently
centred upon developmental stress in
orangutans and related fossil ancestors in
southeast Asia since the Mid Miocene. He
is working in Vietnam and China on collections of fossil ape teeth at these localities in
order to examine the role of seasonal stress
in ape extinctions. He has just returned
from a year abroad working on the problem of missing Kosovar Albanians on
behalf of the International Commission on
Missing Persons.
Eldon Yellowhorn
ldon Yellowhorn’s research interests
include the role of traditional knowledge and oral narratives in archaeological research. A part of his research
concerns examining Blackfoot traditional
knowledge as a guide for determining the
factors contributing to the origin of largescale communal hunting on the northern
plains. Traditional knowledge is also playing a key role as a theoretical motive in
the emergence of indigenous archaeology.
Indigenous archaeology is about appropriating the methods of archaeology to
serve traditional knowledge by recovering
or reinvigorating extinct or obsolete traditional knowledge. The long-term goal is to
create an archaeology that draws its personnel from indigenous communities and
which pursues research objectives based
upon an internalist sense of the past.
Title • 31
Dongya Yang
y research interests focus on
ancient DNA and its application
to physical anthropology and
archaeology. In the past two years, I have
been actively involved in six ancient DNA
related projects: 1) Personal identification
of skeletal remains from archaeological
site in Calgary; 2) Species identification of
ancient salmon bones from BC; 3) DNA
studies of ancient whale bones from BC;
4) Study of the origin of syphilis through
ancient DNA analysis; 5) Genetic analysis
of a skeletal Italian population; 6) Genetic
analysis of ancient Chinese populations.
The species identification of salmon
bones has yielded some interesting results.
Multiple species have been identified from
vertebrae and unique DNA sequences can
be identified from some of those ancient
remains. Extra funding is being sought to
include more samples in order to more
accurately reconstruct the subsistence practices of aboriginal groups and the temporal
genetic changes of salmon.
A dedicated ancient DNA facility has
been built in the Department. To prevent
contamination, the facility consists of two
physically separated laboratories: one for
ancient DNA extraction and the other for
PCR amplification. The DNA extraction
laboratory is equipped with a UV-filtered
ventilation system and a bench UV-irradiation system and is divided into four separate rooms. The PCR laboratory is located
in a separate building and is equipped with
a PCR machine and electrophoresis system.
With the availability of the ancient DNA
facility at SFU, more graduate students can
be accommodated and more projects will
be carried out for DNA analysis of ancient
human, animal, and plant remains.
In the past two years, I have been work-
32 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
ing on developing a SFU archaeology field
school in China. This will be an excellent
opportunity for students to study Chinese
archaeology since English publications
cover only an extremely small percentage
of archaeological work done in China.
Students would visit important Chinese
archaeological sites and museums, meet
prominent archaeologists, and interact
with Chinese archaeology faculty and
students. To gain experience in leading
a field school, I took the position of the
director of the SFU Chinese Field School
for two and half months in the summer
of 2001. I obtained a BC-China Scholar
Travel Fund grant to go back to China
in the summer of 2002 to make arrangements for the archaeology field school.
We have reached general agreements with
the Department of Archaeology of Peking
University and the Institute of Archaeology
of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. It
is also hoped that the planned collaborations will generate opportunities for other
faculty members and graduate students to
get involved in archaeological studies in
Alice Storey and Kathy Watt working in the ancient
DNA lab.
Alan McMillian (Adjunct)
cMillan is co-director of the
Tseshaht Archaeological Project,
which conducted field research
in the Broken Group islands off western
Vancouver Island during the summers of
1999 to 2001. Excavation was at a large
shell midden site which was once the major
village of Ts’ishaa, the origin place of the
Tseshaht people, a Nuu-chah-nulth First
Nation today resident at Port Alberni.
Oral histories tell how First Man and First
Woman were created at this location. This
site has great cultural significance to the
Tseshaht First Nation, which is co-sponsoring this archaeological project with Parks
Canada. Analysis of the recovered materials
is in progress.
The initial research focused on the
main village area, with extensive shell midden deposits up to four metres in depth.
This area covers the last two millennia of
Tseshaht history, ending with shift in residence patterns early in the 19th century.
The 2001 research was concentrated on
a higher ridge behind the main village,
where evidence of an earlier occupation
had been detected. This land surface had
been occupied when sea levels were about
three metres higher than they are today,
at a time when the later village would have
been an active beach extending to the
base of the slope up to the ridge behind.
This portion of the site dates to between
2,500 and 5,000 years ago. The abundance
of chipped stone tools, including a large
well-made biface of obsidian from southcentral Oregon, as well as numerous crude
choppers and flakes, clearly sets this area
apart from the later village, which is
characterized by an artifact assemblage
primarily of bone. This provides a window
into a little-known period in this area,
including the oldest dated archaeological
evidence from the west coast of Vancouver
Public education played an important
role in this project. Over 2,200 visitors
viewed the excavation in progress and were
introduced to the history of this area by
Tseshaht guides. Another focus was to
provide training for Tseshaht youth, who
made up a considerable portion of the
excavation crew. A substantial number of
university and college students also participated, either as paid members of the crew
or as volunteers.
Title • 33
grants awarded
Burley, D.V.
(1998–2001) Lapita Colonization in the
Kingdom of Tonga. SSHRC Research
Grant ($92,000), year 4 of 4.
(2001) Dean of Arts Administrative
Research Support Grant ($5000).
(2002–2004) On Polynesian Origins.
SSHRC Research Grant ($158,328),
year 1 of 2.
(2002) Vuda Phase Archaeological
Collections Analysis in the Fiji Museum.
SFU/SSHRC Small Project Grant
D’Andrea, A.C.
(2002–2006) Ethiopian Farmers Then and
Now: Ethnoarchaeological Investigations
at Gulo-Makeda, Eastern Tigrai. SSHRC
Research Grant ($95,000), year 1 of 3.
(2002–2003) Kintampo Archaeobotanical
Studies. SFU/SSHRC Small Grant
Driver, J.C.
(2001–2002) Consequences of Anasazi sedentism and aggregation. SSHRC ($11,820),
year 2 of 3.
(2001–2002) Consequences of Anasazi sedentism and aggregation. SSHRC ($28,320),
year 3 of 3.
Hayden, B.
(2002–2003) Cave Studies. SSHRC
Research Grant ($4,000).
34 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
(2001–2003) The Ethnoarchaeology
of Feasting. SSHRC Research Grant
Jamieson, R.
(2001–2002) Preliminary research visit,
Zaruma, Ecuador. SFU Research Initiative
Grant ($400).
(2001–2002) De Cuenca a Tomebamba:
Arquitectura y Vida Cotidiana en la
Colonia.[Spanish translation of 2000
Domestic Architecture and Power volume for publication in Ecuador]. SFU
Publication Grant ($4,480).
(2001–2002) An Instrumental Neutron
Activation Analysis (INAA) of the Sources of
Colonial Majolicas from Cuenca, Ecuador.
SSHRC Small Internal Research Grant
(2001–2002) Status and Caste in the
Colonial Andes: The Case of Cuenca,
Ecuador. SSHRC External ($18,721),
year 3 of 3.
Lepofsky, D.
(2001–2003) The Emergence of Status
Inequality at the Keatley Creek site, British
Columbia. Bill Prentiss, Principle
Investigator. Wenner-Gren Foundation
($3,023 [2,000 USD]), year 2 of 3.
(2001–2003) The Emergence of Status
Inequality at the Keatley Creek site, British
Columbia. Bill Prentiss, Principle
Investigator. National Science
Foundation ($5,918 [3,915 USD]),
year 3 of 3.
(2001–2003) Zooarchaeological and paleoethnobotanical analysis of the Strathcona
Park site: a Coast Salish summer village in
Indian Arm. Small SSHRC ($4,911),
year 2 of 3
Nelson, D.E.
(1998–2002) Archaeometric Research.
NSERC ($170,000).
(2002–2006) Archaeometric Research.
NSERC ($200,000).
Nicholas, G.P.
(2001) Shuswap Training and
Employment Program (STEP) Grant
(2001) SFU Publications Grant
(2002) SFU Publications Grant
Nicholas, G.P., M. Ignace, R. Ignace, and
N. Turner
(2000–2002) Patterns in Ethnobotany:
People-Plant Relationships of the Interior
Plateau and Northwest Coast. SSHRC
($58,000), year 1 of 3.
Nicholas, G.P., K.P. Bannister, and C. Bell
(2002) Kamloops Case Study: Project for the
Protection and Repatriation of First Nations
Cultural Heritage in Canada. SSHRC
Skinner, M.F.
(2002–2003) Mass Graves, Forensic
Archaeology and Human Rights. SSHRC
Bora Laskin National Fellowship in
Human Rights Research ($55,000).
Yang, D.Y.
(2002–2003) Evaluation of DNA
Preservation in Tongan Faunal Remains.
SFU/SSHRC Small ($4,900)
(2001–2002) Extracting DNA from Ancient
Chinese Skeletons. SFU/SSHRC Small
Research ($4,980).
Yang, D.Y., and D. Hidebrand
(2003–2004) Distribution of Sequence
Heteroplasmy in Human Mitochondrial DNA
from Skeletal Remains. Canadian Police
Research Centre ($17,000).
Yang, D.Y., S.R. Saunders, J.S. Waye, and
A.D. Herring
(1999–2002) Understanding the Origins
of Syphilis through Ancient DNA Analysis
of Archaeological Skeletons. SSHRC
($23,000), year 3 of 3.
* administered through another institution
Research Grants • 35
n July of 1952, Richard Shutler Jr., with
Edward W. Gifford carried out archaeological studies in the French colony of
New Caledonia. One of their excavations
was at Site 13, a location now known as
Lapita. The results of this excavation
ultimately became central to unraveling
and documenting the first migration of
peoples across much of Oceania. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Shutler
and Gifford excavation, and to honour
the 55 year long career of Dr. Shutler, the
Government of New Caledonia and the
indigenous Kanuk peoples sponsored a
conference in Kone and Noumea, New
Caledonia, from July 31 to August 7, 2002.
This conference was widely attended by
Pacific archaeologists and numerous
36 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
representatives of Oceanic peoples from
New Guinea to Samoa who could trace
their ancestry back to the Lapita migration.
Throughout the conference, Dr. Shutler
was given recognitions and gifts for his
contributions to this early work and Pacific
archaeology in general. Among these was
a festschrift volume, Fifty Years in the Field
Essays in Honour and Celebration of Richard
Shutler Jr’s Archaeological Career, in which
20 of his archaeological colleagues
contributed papers. The Department
of Archaeology of the New Caledonia
Museum also presented him with
Edward W. Gifford and Richard Shutler Jr’s
Archaeological Expedition to New Caledonia in
1952, a photo-essay volume documenting
the 1952 investigations.
Book cover: Fifty Years in the Field. Essays
in Honour and Celebration of Richard
Shutler Jr’s Archaeological Career.
Book cover:
Edward W. Gifford
and Richard Shutler
Jr’s Archaeological
Expedition to New
Caledonia in 1952.
Special Honours • 37
of Archaeology & Ethnology
he Museum received small donations or archaeological and ethnographic collections, but continues
to focus collecting activities on photographic images. The Museum received
collections of photographs and slides from
the following areas: northern and western
Canada, South Pacific, Europe and Africa.
These images are used in exhibitions and
on the museum’s growing web site.
The Museum’s web site almost doubled
in size over the past 12 months, with additional sections on Northwest Coast two
dimensional art, archaeology in the South
Pacific and Latin America, the extinction
of North American mammoths and geographic information systems in archaeology
and paleoethnobotany in the Fraser Valley.
38 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002
| 2001/2002
Argillite sun plate, carved in 1976 by Ed Simeon.
The piece includes the incorporation of carved
copper and silver inlay. It is featured on a new
addition to the Museum’s web site.
Collections activities in the past year
included ongoing conservation of water
saturated basketry fragments recovered
from the Scowlitz wet site, and construction of ethafoam mounts for fragile artifacts. Collection documentation and consolidation of all the files into a database is
continuing. The number of teaching kits
has been doubled, allowing for greater
use of the collection in department teaching. Kits were also made for use in the
community outreach programme run in
conjunction with the North Vancouver
field school. This focus on public education extended to a new section of the web
site (
museum/galltour/teacher.htm) that interprets a virtual tour of the museum suitable
for use by elementary school teachers and
Birchwood mask by Ken Mowatt.
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology • 39
he laboratory staff consists of the
Laboratory Manager (Andrew
Barton) and the Laboratory
Technician (Shannon Wood) who
are responsible for supporting the
Department’s teaching and research
programs. These duties include the
maintenance and development of the
Department’s laboratories, ancillary facilities and equipment; the curation of the
Department’s teaching and research collections; support for the laboratory based
undergraduate courses; logistical support
for the Department’s field schools and field
research projects; and the maintenance
and administration of the Department’s
computer network and facilities.
Laboratory staff supervised five students
working under the Work Studies Program
in 2001 and eleven students under the
program in 2002, as well as other student
volunteers during both years. In 2001,
Vivian Lee was employed to accession
and catalogue a collection of archaeological artifacts donated to the Museum by
Dr. Richard Shutler. Heather Robertson
40 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
(below, left) performed curatorial work
on the Osteology teaching collection and
Gwen Wild prepared and catalogued specimens for the primate skeletal collection.
Rick Ouelette conducted an inventory of
the archaeological collections from the
Nubian Archaeology Project, and prepared
the collection for long-term storage. Steve
Killen conducted a similar inventory of
the archaeological collections from the
Pender Canal sites, also preparing those
collections for long-term storage. In 2002,
Rachel Richards inventoried the archaeology sites microfiche files, and inventoried
and archived radiological plates in the
Osteology collection. She also performed
curatorial work on the Osteology teaching collection and reorganized the Lithic
teaching collection. Paul Harrison conducted an inventory of the Department map
collection and created a computer database for the collection. Kathryn Alma-Nihte
did drafting and illustration work for several research projects and Martin Seu updated the catalogue for recent acquisitions
into the Osteology collection library. A
number of students, including Martin Seu,
Tracy Robertson, Nicole Shanks, Heather
Robertson and Jessica Taggart, were
involved in an ongoing project to upgrade
the storage of the Osteology collection.
Debbie Kinstlers, a student in ARCH 335,
provided assistance on this project and
wrote a report on the procedures involved.
Heather Robertson was also involved in
the reconstruction and analysis of material
excavated by the summer Fiji Field School.
Other work study students included Mark
Crisp, who catalogued specimens in the
Historic Archaeology Teaching collection;
Ambrosio Lima, who assisted PhD student
Tiffany Rawlings with her zooarchaeology analysis; and Rong She, who assisted
Dr. Dongya Yang with the development of
software for the new Ancient DNA Lab
Laboratory Staff provided equipment and logistical support for three
Department field schools over the last two
years – the 2001 field school held at Bella
Coola and two field schools offered during the summer of 2002, one in British
Columbia at a site near Kamloops and
the other in Fiji at the Sigatoka Dune site.
Support was also provided to the University
of Northern BC archaeology field school
at the Gustavson Lake site in 2002. Eleven
field research projects conducted by
Department faculty, graduate, undergraduate students and visiting scholars in 2001
and eight such projects in 2002 were facilitated by the Laboratory Staff.
One of the major duties of the
Laboratory staff is in the support of
Department courses with a laboratory component. In 2001 the Department offered
ten such courses during the spring and fall
semesters, including a new course in GIS
for Archaeology Students. In 2002, nine
laboratory courses were offered during the
spring and fall semesters, including a new
course in molecular bio-archaeology.
Two major renovation projects begun in
2000 were completed in the spring of 2001.
The first project involved the complete
renovation of the Graduate Laboratory
(EDU 9601), with upgrades to the heating,
ventilation and electrical systems and the
installation of new millwork, flooring and
high-speed data lines. The second project, on the 8000 level, involved the construction of two staff offices, renovations
to the Preparation lab (EDU 8610) and
the upgrade and extension of the access
hallway and mechanical services (above).
The Department was allotted funding
for two major renovation projects for the
2002 budget year. The first renovation
saw the conversion of the Geoarchaeology
Laboratory (EDB 9642) into a laboratory
for the study of ancient DNA. This involved
partitioning the lab into four smaller
rooms and adding inline ultraviolet and
HEPA filtration systems to the ventilation
Laboratories Report • 41
DNA Extraction laboratory.
system. There were also upgrades to the
electrical service and the installation of
new millwork, flooring, and high-speed
data lines. The second project saw the
construction of a Post-Polymerase Chain
Reaction (PCR) laboratory in a space formerly used by the Geography Department
for their Cartography Lab Darkroom
(RBC 6200). This involved partitioning the
lab off from the cartography lab, the installation of flooring and cabinetry, and minor
The Department began a process of
renewing its field vehicles and equipment during 2002. The research vessel,
the MV Sisiutl, was sold in the early spring
and both the Department field vehicles
(a 1985 Chevrolet passenger van and a
1990 GMC passenger van) were auctioned
off in late fall. The Department received a
donation of a 22’ boat (the MV Highlander)
42 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Post-PCR laboratory.
from Dr. Arthur Roberts in the Geography
Department, which will be used to replace
the research and teaching functions of the
Sisiutl. Proceeds from the sale of the Sisiutl
and the field vehicles are being used to
refit the MV Highlander, to purchase a new
passenger van, and to replace other major
pieces of field equipment.
MV Sisiutl after her launching in 1971.
Laboratory staff are heavily involved in
the support of the Department’s networked
computers and printers, program troubleshooting and webpage maintenance. In
2001, they also set up the web page for
the First Nations Study Program at SFU.
During the spring of 2002 they took part
in a survey of support for desktop and
departmental systems. As members of the
University-wide Local Area Network (LAN)
administrators group, they participated
in regular meetings set up to disseminate
information on a variety of campus computer and networking concerns. Of most
interest to the department is the slow progression away from AppleTalk, the impending move away from the Pyramid server,
Active Directory, wireless networking, closet
upgrades and campus agreements for software licenses with Symantec and Microsoft.
In terms of Department computer issues,
the three-year lease on the Dell computer
in the Photo/Graphics lab (EDU 8612)
came up for renewal in 2001 while the
lease for the computers in the computer
lab (EDU 9634) came up for renewal in
2002. In all cases the computers were
replaced by newer models.
In other lab related activities, Shannon
Wood participated in the Science Alive
summer camp program in 2002, giving
a short lab on human osteology and the
techniques used by physical anthropologists. In 2001, Andrew Barton installed
an exhibit on Lapita Archaeology in the
Tongan National Museum and conducted
archaeological fieldwork on the island of
Tongatapu in Tonga and in 2002, assisted
with the direction of the field school excavations at the Sigatoka Dune site in Fiji.
Andrew Barton
Laboratory Manager
Shannon Wood
Laboratory Technician
Laboratories Report • 43
Bedford, S., C. Sand and D.V. Burley (eds)
2002 Fifty Years in the Field: Essays in
Honour and Celebration of Richard Shutler
Jr’s Career. New Zealand Archaeological
Association Monograph 25, Auckland.
Burley, D.V.
2001 Comment upon J. Terrell,
K. Kelly and P. Rainbird, “Foregone
Conclusions: In Search of Papuans and
Austronesians.” Current Anthropology
42(1): 109–110.
2002 Review of “On the Road of the
Winds: An Archaeological History of
the Pacific Islands Before European
Contact”, by P. V. Kirch. Archaeology in
Oceania 36(1): 52.
Burley, D.V., and M. Will
2001 Special Brew: Industrial Archaeology
and the Klondike Brewery. Occasional
Papers in Archaeology 11, Hude Hudan
Series, Government of the Yukon,
Burley, D.V., and W.R. Dickinson
2001 Origin and significance of a
founding settlement in Polynesia. PNAS
(Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences) 98(20): 11829–11831.
Burley, D.V., W.R. Dickinson, A. Barton,
and R. Shutler Jr.
2001 Lapita on the periphery: New
data on old problems in the Kingdom
of Tonga. Archaeology in Oceania 36(2):
44 • SFU Archaeology 2001/2002 Biennial Report
Burley, D.V., A. Storey and J. Witt
2002 On the definition and implications of eastern Lapita ceramics in
Tonga. In Fifty Years in the Field: Essays in
Honour and Celebration of Richard Shutler
Jr’s Career, S. Bedford, C. Sand and
D.V. Burley (eds), pp. 213–226. New
Zealand Archaeological Association
Monograph 25, Auckland.
Chen, Y.F., Yang, D.Y.
2001 Peopling of the Americas:
Evidence from anthropological genetics.
Bulletin of Anthropology 57: 55–72.
D’Andrea, A.C., and J. Casey
2002 Pearl Millet and Kintampo
Subsistence. African Archaeological Review
19(3): 147–173.
D’Andrea, A.C., M. Klee, and J. Casey
2001 Archaeobotanical Evidence for
Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum) in
sub-Saharan West Africa. Antiquity 75:
D’Andrea, A.C., and M. Haile
2002 Traditional Emmer Processing in
Highland Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology
22(2): 179–217.
Driver, J.C.
2000 Faunal Remains. In Households and
Farms in Early Zuni Prehistory: Settlement,
Subsistence, and the Archaeology of Y
Unit Draw, Archaeological Investigations
at Eighteen Sites along New Mexico State
Highway 602, pp. 665–675. Zuni Cultural
Resource Enterprise Report No. 593,
Research Series No. 11.
2000 Review of “Bringing Back the Past:
Historical Perspectives on Canadian
Archaeology,” edited by P. J. Smith and
D. Mitchell (Archaeological Survey of
Canada Paper 158, Canadian Museum
of Civilization, Hull, 1998). Canadian
Journal of Archaeology 24: 213–216.
2001 A comment on methods for identifying quartzite cobble artifacts. Canadian
Journal of Archaeology 25: 127–131
2001 Discussion: preglacial archaeological evidence at Grimshaw, the Peace
River, Alberta. Canadian Journal of Earth
Sciences 38(5): 871–874.
2001 Environmental archaeology is not
human palaeoecology. In Environmental
Archaeology: Meaning and Purpose,
U. Albarella (ed), pp. 43–53. Kluwer
Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.
2001 A reply to Thomas. In
Environmental Archaeology: Meaning and
Purpose, U. Albarella (ed.), pp. 59–60.
Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht.
2001 Paleoecological and archaeological implications of the Charlie Lake
Cave fauna, British Columbia, 10,500
to 9,500 B.P. In People and Wildlife in
Northern North America: Essays in Honor
of R. Dale Guthrie, S.C. Gerlach and
M.S. Murray (eds), pp. 13–21. British
Archaeological Reports International
Series 944, Oxford.
2001 Review of “Prehistoric Warfare
in the American Southwest,” by Steven
A. LeBlanc, University of Utah Press,
1999. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 25:
Fattovich, R., A. Manzo, M.C. DiBlasi, and
A.C. D’Andrea
2001 IUO/BU Joint Archaeological
Expedition at Bieta Giyorgis (Aksum,
Ethiopia): 2000 Field Season. Nyame
Akuma 55: 15–23.
Hallett, D.J., D. Lepofsky, R.W. Mathewes,
and K.P. Lertzman
2002 11,000 years of fire history and
climate in the mountain hemlock
rainforests of southwestern British
Columbia based on sedimentary charcoal. Canadian Journal of Forest Research
(in press).
Jamieson, R.
2002 Análisis arqueológico del material
cultural de la Catedral Vieja de Cuenca.
Report on file, Instituto Nacional del
Patrimonio Cultural, Cuenca and Quito,
2002 Doña Luisa y sus dos casas. Anales:
Revista de la Universidad de Cuenca 46:
2001 Majolica in the Early Colonial
Andes: The Role of Panamanian Wares.
Latin American Antiquity 12(1): 45–58.
2001 Essence of Commodification:
Caffeine Dependencies in the Early
Modern World. Journal of Social History
35(2): 269–294.
2001 Review of “The Historical
Archaeology of Buenos Aires: A City at
the End of the World,” by Schavelzon.
Historical Archaeology 35(2): 125-127.
2001 Prospección arqueológica realizada en
tres casas del Centro Histórico de Cuenca,
Azuay: Junio y Julio de 2001. Report on
File, Instituto Nacional del Patrimonio
Cultural, Cuenca and Quito, Ecuador.
2002 Caste in Cuenca: Colonial Identity
in the 17th Century Andes. In Beyond
Identification: The Archaeology of Plural
and Changing Identities, E.C. Casella and
C. Fowler (eds). Kluwer Academic/
Plenum Publishers (in press).
2002 De Cuenca a Tomebamba: Arquitectura
y Vida Cotidiana en la Colonia. Abya-Yala
Publications 2001–2002 • 45
Publishers, Quito, Ecuador. [Spanish
translation of 2000 Domestic Architecture
and Power volume for publication in
Ecuador.] (in press)
2002 Bolts of Cloth and Sherds of
Pottery: Impressions of Caste in the
Material Culture of the Seventeenth
Century Audiencia of Quito. The
Americas. [Invited paper in special issue
on material culture.] (in press)
2002 Review of “The Shape of Inca
History: Narrative and Architecture in
an Andean Empire,” by Niles. Journal of
Historical Geography (in press).
2002 Review of “Café, sociedad y relaciones de poder en América Latina,”
by Samper et al. Journal of Social History
March 2003 issue (in press).
Jol, H.M., C.D. Peterson, M.C. Roberts,
S. Vanderburgh, and J.B. Phipps
2001 Drill core correlation and
ground penetrating radar profiles. In
Southwest Washington coastal erosion workshop report 1998, G. Gelfenbaum and
G.M. Kaminsky (eds), pp. 55–57. United
States Geological Survey, Open File
Report 99–0524.
Keeling, C.I., and D.E. Nelson
2001 Changes in the intramolecular
stable carbon isotope ratios with age of
the European cave bear (Ursus spelaeus).
Oecologia 127: 495–500.
Lepofsky, D.
2002 The Northwest. In Plants and People
in Ancient North America, P. Minnis (ed.).
Smithsonian Institution Press (in press).
Plateau. In The Archaeobotany of TemperateZone Hunter-Gatherers, Sarah L.R. Mason
and J.G Hather (eds). Institute of
Archaeology Occasional Publications,
London (in press).
Lepofsky, D., M. Blake, D. Brown,
S. Morrison, N. Oakes, and N. Lyons
2000 The archaeology of the Scowlitz
site, Southwestern British Columbia.
Journal of Field Archaeology 27(4): 391–
416. [Released in 2002].
Lepofsky, D., D. Hallett, K. Washbrook,
A. McHalsie, K. Lertzman, and
R. Mathewes
2002 Documenting precontact plant
management on the Northwest Coast:
An example of prescribed burning in
the central and upper Fraser Valley,
British Columbia. In Keeping it Living:
Traditions of Plant Use and Cultivation on
the Northwest Coast, D. E. Deur and N. J.
Turner (eds). University of Washington
Press, Seattle (in press).
Lepofsky, D., E. Heyerdahl, K. Lertzman,
D. Schaepe, and B. Mierendorf
2002 Climate, Humans, and Fire in
the History of Chittenden Meadow.
Conservation Ecology (in press).
Lepofsky, D., N. Lyons, and M. Moss.
2002 The use of driftwood on the
North Pacific Coast: An example from
Southeast Alaska. Journal of Ethnobiology
(in press).
2002 The Ethnobotany of cultivated
plants of the Maohi of the Society
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