************************************************************************** USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA ...

************************************************************************** USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA    ...
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-08 44 00 (August 2011)
Change 1 - 08/15
--------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-08 44 00 (May 2011)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 08 - OPENINGS
SECTION 08 44 00
CURTAIN WALL AND GLAZED ASSEMBLIES
08/11
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
1.2
SUBMITTALS
1.3
REQUIREMENT FOR DESIGN DATA
1.4
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1
Testing Requirements
1.4.2
Mockup
1.4.2.1
Construction
1.4.2.2
Performance Test
1.4.2.3
Approved Mock-Up
1.4.3
Factory Tests
1.4.3.1
Deflection and Structural Tests
1.4.3.2
Water Penetration Test
1.4.3.3
Air Infiltration Test
1.4.3.4
Delamination Test
1.4.3.5
Thermal Conductance Tests
1.4.3.6
Window Tests
1.4.3.7
Fire Resistance Tests
1.4.3.8
Sound Transmission Loss Test
1.5
GLAZED CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
1.5.1
Source
1.5.2
Design
1.5.3
Thermal Movement
1.5.4
Tolerances
1.5.5
Structural Requirements
1.5.6
Seismic Calculations
1.6
QUALIFICATION OF WELDERS
1.7
DELIVERY AND STORAGE
1.7.1
Protective Covering
1.7.2
Identification
1.8
WARRANTY
1.8.1
Sample Warranties
1.9
INTERPRETATION OF AWS CODE
1.10
QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLER
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 1
1.11
PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
1.11.1
Allowable Design Stresses
1.11.2
Design Wind Load
1.11.3
Structural Capacity
1.11.4
Provisions for Thermal Movement
1.12
DRAWINGS
1.13
MANUFACTURER'S INFORMATION
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.1
PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
2.1.1
Recycled content of Aluminum Doors and Frames
2.1.2
Recycled content of Aluminum Curtain-wall Framing Members
2.1.3
Recycled Content of Aluminum Windows
2.2
MATERIALS
2.2.1
Aluminum
2.2.1.1
Wrought Aluminum Alloys
2.2.1.2
Cast Aluminum Alloys
2.2.1.3
Welding Rods and Electrodes
2.2.1.4
Finish
2.2.1.5
Strength
2.2.2
Bronze
2.2.3
Copper
2.2.4
Carbon Steel
2.2.5
Stainless Steel
2.2.6
Weathering High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel
2.2.7
High-Strength, Low-Alloy Steel
2.2.8
Metal Fasteners
2.2.9
Porcelain Enamel
2.2.10
Joint Sealants and Accessories
2.2.10.1
Elastomeric, Single or Multiple Component
2.2.10.2
Single Component Silicone Rubber Base
2.2.10.3
Solvents and Primers
2.2.10.4
Backing Material
2.2.10.5
Bond Preventive Materials
2.2.10.6
Preformed Sealing Compound
2.2.11
Glass and Glazing
2.2.11.1
Glass Sizes and Clearances
2.2.11.2
Clear Primary Float Glass
2.2.11.3
Heat-Absorbing Glass
2.2.11.4
Insulating Glass
2.2.11.5
Spandrel Glass [With Adhered Backing]
2.2.11.6
Glass Setting Materials
2.2.12
Firestopping Material
2.2.13
Tempered Hardboard
2.2.14
Screens
2.2.15
Paint and Finishes
2.2.15.1
Primer
2.2.16
Panels
2.2.16.1
Metal Facing Panels, Single Thickness
2.2.16.2
Adhesively Bonded Panels
2.2.16.3
Nonmetallic Panels
2.2.17
Metal Windows
2.2.17.1
Frames
2.2.17.2
Operating Windows
2.2.17.3
Window Construction
2.2.18
Insect Screens
2.2.19
Metal Accessories
2.3
METALS FOR FABRICATION
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 2
2.3.1
Aluminum-Alloy Extrusions
2.3.2
Aluminum-Alloy Sheets and Plates
2.3.3
Structural Steel
2.3.4
Metals for Fasteners
2.4
NONSKINNING SEALING COMPOUND
2.5
FABRICATION
2.5.1
Workmanship
2.5.2
Shop-Painting Aluminum
2.5.3
Shop-Painting Steel
2.5.4
Depth of Glazing Rabbets
2.5.5
Finish
2.6
CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS
2.6.1
General
2.6.2
Construction
2.7
ALUMINUM DOORS AND FRAMES
2.8
METAL ACCESSORIES
2.8.1
Sills
2.8.2
Coping
2.8.3
Exterior Architectural Louvers
2.9
PANELS
2.9.1
Panel Type
2.9.2
Exterior Metal Facing
2.9.3
Facing Backing
2.9.4
Core Insulation
2.9.5
Interior Metal Facing
2.9.6
Panel Fabrication
2.10
THERMAL INSULATION MATERIALS
2.11
SEALANTS AND CAULKINGS
2.12
CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLATION MATERIALS
2.12.1
Threaded Concrete Inserts
2.12.2
Wedge Concrete Inserts
2.12.3
Slotted Concrete Inserts
2.12.4
Masonry Anchorage Devices
2.12.5
Toggle Bolts
2.12.6
Steel Bolts, Nuts, and Washers
2.12.7
Machine Screws
2.12.8
Electrodes for Welding Steel
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
GENERAL
3.2
FABRICATION
3.2.1
Joints
3.2.2
Welding
3.2.3
Soldering and Brazing
3.2.4
Ventilation and Drainage
3.2.5
Protection and Treatment of Metals
3.2.5.1
General
3.2.5.2
Galvanic Action
3.2.5.3
Protection for Aluminum
3.3
INSTALLATION
3.3.1
Bench Marks and Reference Points
3.3.2
Verifying Conditions and Adjacent Surfaces
3.3.3
Panels
3.3.4
Windows
3.3.4.1
Sealing
3.3.4.2
Ventilators and Hardware
3.3.4.3
Weatherstripping
3.3.5
Joint Sealants
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 3
3.3.5.1
Surface Preparation
3.3.5.2
Applications
3.3.5.3
Primer
3.3.5.4
Backing
3.3.5.5
Bond Prevention
3.3.5.6
Protection and Cleaning
3.3.6
Glass
3.3.6.1
Inspection of Sash and Frames
3.3.6.2
Preparation of Glass and Rabbets
3.3.6.3
Positioning Glass
3.3.6.4
Setting Methods
3.3.6.5
Void Space
3.3.6.6
Insulating Glass
3.3.6.7
Insulating Glass With Edge Bands
3.3.7
Firestopping
3.3.8
Field Applied Insulation
3.4
FINISHES
3.4.1
Galvanizing
3.4.1.1
Repair of Zinc-Coated Surfaces
3.4.2
Shop Cleaning and Painting
3.4.2.1
Cleaning
3.4.2.2
Painting Steel or Iron Surfaces
3.4.2.3
Painting Weathering Steel
3.5
FIELD TESTS
3.6
CLEANING AND PROTECTION
3.6.1
General
3.6.2
Glass
3.6.3
Aluminum Surfaces
3.6.4
Other Metal Surfaces
3.6.5
Porcelain-Enamel Surfaces
3.7
SCHEDULE
3.8
MATERIALS EMBEDDED IN OTHER CONSTRUCTION
3.9
FASTENING TO CONSTRUCTION-IN-PLACE
3.10
SETTING MASONRY ANCHORAGE DEVICES
3.11
FIELD-WELDING STEEL AND TOUCHUP PAINTING
3.12
INSTALLATION TOLERANCES
3.13
PLACING CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS
3.14
PANEL INSTALLATION
3.15
INSPECTION AND ACCEPTANCE PROVISIONS
3.15.1
Finished Curtain-Wall System Requirements
3.15.2
Repair of Defective Work
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 4
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-08 44 00 (August 2011)
Change 1 - 08/15
--------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-08 44 00 (May 2011)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 44 00
CURTAIN WALL AND GLAZED ASSEMBLIES
08/11
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers the
requirements for complete glazed curtain wall system
exclusive of doors, entrances, and store fronts,
commercial aluminum curtain walls designed to
accommodate fixed-glass lights, window sashes,
panels, louvers, and other curtain-wall accessories.
Curtain-wall systems may be classified by visual
characteristics as follows:
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable items(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
Curtain-wall systems may be classified by visual
characteristics as follows:
1. Mullion type has dominant vertical lines.
Vertical mullions are usually 45 millimeter 1-3/4
inches or more wide and usually extend 100 millimeter
4 inches or more beyond the exterior face of the
curtain wall. Mullions are usually not more than
1525 millimeter 5 feet on center.
2. Grid type has equally dominant vertical and
horizontal lines. Vertical and horizontal mullions
are usually 45 millimeter 1-3/4 inches or more wide
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 5
7. Field-applied thermal-insulation systems showing
the location, method of attachment, nominal
thickness, and name of insulation
8 Joints to be sealed with field-applied sealing
compound showing the kind of materials that will be
in contact with the sealing compound; locations,
dimensions of joints, name of backup material, and
name of sealing compound, for each type of sealing
compound
PART 1
1.1
GENERAL
REFERENCES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the
publications cited in the text of the guide
specification. The publications are referred to in
the text by basic designation only and listed in
this paragraph by organization, designation, date,
and title.
Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
when you add a RID outside of the Section's
Reference Article to automatically place the
reference in the Reference Article. Also use the
Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update
the issue dates.
References not used in the text will automatically
be deleted from this section of the project
specification when you choose to reconcile
references in the publish print process.
**************************************************************************
The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the
extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the
basic designation only.
ALUMINUM ASSOCIATION (AA)
AA ADM
(2015) Aluminum Design Manual
AA ASD1
(2013) Aluminum Standards and Data
AA DAF45
(2003; Reaffirmed 2009) Designation System
for Aluminum Finishes
AMERICAN ARCHITECTURAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (AAMA)
AAMA 501.1
(2005) Standard Test Method for Water
Penetration of Windows, Curtain Walls and
Doors Using Dynamic Pressure
AAMA 501.4 & 501.6
(2009) Recommended Static Test Method for
Evaluating Curtain Wall and Storefront
Systems Subjected to Seismic and Wind
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 7
7. Field-applied thermal-insulation systems showing
the location, method of attachment, nominal
thickness, and name of insulation
8 Joints to be sealed with field-applied sealing
compound showing the kind of materials that will be
in contact with the sealing compound; locations,
dimensions of joints, name of backup material, and
name of sealing compound, for each type of sealing
compound
PART 1
1.1
GENERAL
REFERENCES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the
publications cited in the text of the guide
specification. The publications are referred to in
the text by basic designation only and listed in
this paragraph by organization, designation, date,
and title.
Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
when you add a RID outside of the Section's
Reference Article to automatically place the
reference in the Reference Article. Also use the
Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update
the issue dates.
References not used in the text will automatically
be deleted from this section of the project
specification when you choose to reconcile
references in the publish print process.
**************************************************************************
The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the
extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the
basic designation only.
ALUMINUM ASSOCIATION (AA)
AA ADM
(2015) Aluminum Design Manual
AA ASD1
(2013) Aluminum Standards and Data
AA DAF45
(2003; Reaffirmed 2009) Designation System
for Aluminum Finishes
AMERICAN ARCHITECTURAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (AAMA)
AAMA 501.1
(2005) Standard Test Method for Water
Penetration of Windows, Curtain Walls and
Doors Using Dynamic Pressure
AAMA 501.4 & 501.6
(2009) Recommended Static Test Method for
Evaluating Curtain Wall and Storefront
Systems Subjected to Seismic and Wind
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 7
Induced Interstory Drifts & Recommended
Dynamic Test Method for Determining the
Seismic Drift Causing Glass Fallout from a
Wall System
AAMA 609 & 610
(2009) Cleaning and Maintenance Guide for
Architecturally Finished Aluminum
AAMA 611
(1998; R 2004) Voluntary Specification for
Anodized Architectural Aluminum
AAMA 800
(2010) Voluntary Specifications and Test
Methods for Sealants
AAMA CW-10
(2004) Care and Handling of Architectural
Aluminum from Shop to Site
AAMA MCWM-1
(1989) Metal Curtain Wall Manual
AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440
(2011) Standard/Specification for Windows,
Doors, and Skylights
AMERICAN HARDBOARD ASSOCIATION (AHA)
AHA A135.4
(1995; R 2004) Basic Hardboard
AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE (AISI)
AISC/AISI 121
(2004) Standard Definitions for Use in the
Design of Steel Structures
AISI SG03-3
(2002; Suppl 2001-2004; R 2008)
Cold-Formed Steel Design Manual Set
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS (ASCE)
ASCE 7
(2010; Errata 2011; Supp 1 2013) Minimum
Design Loads for Buildings and Other
Structures
AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY (AWS)
AWS A5.1/A5.1M
(2012) Specification for Carbon Steel
Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding
AWS A5.10/A5.10M
(2012) Welding Consumables - Wire
Electrodes, Wires and Rods for Welding of
Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloys Classification
AWS D1.1/D1.1M
(2015) Structural Welding Code - Steel
ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)
ASTM A1008/A1008M
(2015) Standard Specification for Steel,
Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Carbon, Structural,
High-Strength Low-Alloy and High-Strength
Low-Alloy with Improved Formability,
Solution Hardened, and Bake Hardened
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 8
ASTM A1011/A1011M
(2014) Standard Specification for Steel,
Sheet, and Strip, Hot-Rolled, Carbon,
Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy and
High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved
Formability and Ultra-High Strength
ASTM A123/A123M
(2013) Standard Specification for Zinc
(Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and
Steel Products
ASTM A153/A153M
(2009) Standard Specification for Zinc
Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel
Hardware
ASTM A167
(2011) Standard Specification for
Stainless and Heat-Resisting
Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and
Strip
ASTM A242/A242M
(2013) Standard Specification for
High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel
ASTM A27/A27M
(2013) Standard Specification for Steel
Castings, Carbon, for General Application
ASTM A283/A283M
(2013) Standard Specification for Low and
Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel
Plates
ASTM A36/A36M
(2014) Standard Specification for Carbon
Structural Steel
ASTM A424/A424M
(2009a) Standard Specification for Steel
Sheet for Porcelain Enameling
ASTM A47/A47M
(1999; R 2014) Standard Specification for
Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings
ASTM A501/A501M
(2014) Standard Specification for
Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon
Steel Structural Tubing
ASTM A572/A572M
(2015) Standard Specification for
High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium
Structural Steel
ASTM A588/A588M
(2015) Standard Specification for
High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel
with 50 ksi (345 MPa) Minimum Yield Point,
with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance
ASTM A606/A606M
(2009a) Standard Specification for Steel
Sheet and Strip, High-Strength, Low-Alloy,
Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, with Improved
Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance
ASTM A653/A653M
(2015) Standard Specification for Steel
Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 9
Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by
the Hot-Dip Process
ASTM B108/B108M
(2015) Standard Specification for
Aluminum-Alloy Permanent Mold Castings
ASTM B136
(1984; R 2013) Standard Method for
Measurement of Stain Resistance of Anodic
Coatings on Aluminum
ASTM B137
(1995; R 2014) Standard Test Method for
Measurement of Coating Mass Per Unit Area
on Anodically Coated Aluminum
ASTM B152/B152M
(2013) Standard Specification for Copper
Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar
ASTM B209
(2014) Standard Specification for Aluminum
and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate
ASTM B209M
(2014) Standard Specification for Aluminum
and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate (Metric)
ASTM B211
(2012) Standard Specification for Aluminum
and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire
ASTM B211M
(2012; E 2012) Standard Specification for
Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and
Wire (Metric)
ASTM B221
(2014) Standard Specification for Aluminum
and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods,
Wire, Profiles, and Tubes
ASTM B221M
(2013) Standard Specification for Aluminum
and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods,
Wire, Profiles, and Tubes (Metric)
ASTM B244
(2009; R 2014) Standard Method for
Measurement of Thickness of Anodic
Coatings on Aluminum and of Other
Nonconductive Coatings on Nonmagnetic
Basis Metals with Eddy-Current Instruments
ASTM B26/B26M
(2014; E 2015) Standard Specification for
Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings
ASTM B316/B316M
(2010) Standard Specification for Aluminum
and Aluminum-Alloy Rivet and Cold-Heading
Wire and Rods
ASTM B85/B85M
(2014) Standard Specification for
Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings
ASTM C1036
(2010; E 2012) Standard Specification for
Flat Glass
ASTM C1048
(2012; E 2012) Standard Specification for
Heat-Treated Flat Glass - Kind HS, Kind FT
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 10
Coated and Uncoated Glass
ASTM C1363
(2011) Standard Test Method for Thermal
Performance of Building Materials and
Envelope Assemblies by Means of a Hot Box
Apparatus
ASTM C220
(1991; R 2015) Standard Specification for
Flat Asbestos-Cement Sheets
ASTM C481
(1999; R 2011) Standard Test Method
Laboratory Aging of Sandwich Constructions
ASTM C542
(2005; R 2011) Lock-Strip Gaskets
ASTM C547
(2015) Standard Specification for Mineral
Fiber Pipe Insulation
ASTM C552
(2015) Standard Specification for Cellular
Glass Thermal Insulation
ASTM C553
(2013) Standard Specification for Mineral
Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for
Commercial and Industrial Applications
ASTM C578
(2015b) Standard Specification for Rigid,
Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation
ASTM C591
(2015) Standard Specification for Unfaced
Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate
Thermal Insulation
ASTM C592
(2013) Standard Specification for Mineral
Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type
Pipe Insulation (Metal-Mesh Covered)
(Industrial Type)
ASTM C610
(2015) Standard Specification for Molded
Expanded Perlite Block and Pipe Thermal
Insulation
ASTM C612
(2014) Mineral Fiber Block and Board
Thermal Insulation
ASTM C665
(2012) Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal
Insulation for Light Frame Construction
and Manufactured Housing
ASTM C864
(2005; R 2015) Dense Elastomeric
Compression Seal Gaskets, Setting Blocks,
and Spacers
ASTM C920
(2014a) Standard Specification for
Elastomeric Joint Sealants
ASTM D1037
(2012) Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base
Fiber and Particle Panel Materials
ASTM D1730
(2009; R 2014) Standard Practices for
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 11
b.
Preformed Compression Gaskets and Seals:
c.
Preformed Lock-strip Gaskets: ASTM C542, modified as follows: Heat age
specimens seven days at 70 degrees C 158 degrees F, in zipped or locked
position under full design compression. Unzip, cool for one hour,
re-zip, and test lip seal pressure, which must be minimum 0.045
kilograms per linear millimeter 2.5 pounds per linear inch on any
extruded or corner specimen.
d.
Spandrel Glass:
e.
Porcelain Enamel: Acid resistance, color retention, and spall
resistance tests, PEI 1001.
f.
Anodized Finishes: Stain resistance, coating weight, and coating
thickness tests, ASTM B136, ASTM B137, and ASTM B244, respectively.
g.
Insulating Glass: ASTM E546 or ASTM E576 at [minus 29 degrees C 20
degrees F] [_____], no frost or dew point.
1.4.2
ASTM C864.
Fallout resistance test, ASTM C1048.
Mockup
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Size of project and system specified will
determine whether mock-ups are necessary. Complete
information should be given concerning extent,
details, and purpose of mock-ups. Where mock-ups
have been previously tested for another project or
for commercial production, they may serve the
purpose. When testing of a mock-up is required, the
unit should be erected at a testing laboratory or
other location where adequate testing equipment is
available.
**************************************************************************
1.4.2.1
Construction
Construct at [job site] [manufacturer's
laboratory] full size typical wall unit
vertical joints, framing, window units,
accessories as detailed and specified.
must be as indicated.
1.4.2.2
plant] [approved testing
which incorporates horizontal and
panels, glazing, and other
Mock-up wall unit size and design
Performance Test
Conduct after approval of visual aspects has been obtained.
must match approved mock-up.
1.4.2.3
Finished work
Approved Mock-Up
After completion and approval of test results [[transport mock-up to job
site and] install, where directed, for reference during construction.]
[Approved mock-up must remain property of the Contractor.]
1.4.3
Factory Tests
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The overall performance requirements and
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 16
tests will vary with the design and geographical
location of the building as well as with the type of
construction and components specified. Only those
tests which are necessary to establish compliance
with specifications should be included in the
project specification. Refer to AAMA Curtain Wall
Manual for detailed testing methods and the
recommended minimum performance requirements and
safety factors.
**************************************************************************
Perform the following tests except that where a curtain wall system or
component of similar type, size, and design as specified for this project
has been previously tested, under the conditions specified herein, the
resulting test reports may be submitted in lieu of testing the components
listed below:
a.
[_____]
b.
[_____]
c.
[_____]
1.4.3.1
Deflection and Structural Tests
No curtain wall framing member shall deflect, in a direction normal to the
plane of the wall, more than 1/175 of its clear span or 20 mm 3/4 inch,
whichever is less, when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M, except
that when a plastered surface will be affected the deflection mustl not
exceed 1/360 of the span. No framing member shall have a permanent
deformation in excess of 0.2 percent of its clear span when tested in
accordance with ASTM E330/E330M for a minimum test period of 10 seconds at
1.5 times the design wind pressures specified.
1.4.3.2
Water Penetration Test
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The test method of ASTM E331 is that of
determining resistance of the curtain wall to water
penetration under uniform static air pressure
difference. When testing under dynamic conditions
is required, AAMA Specification 501.1 should be
referenced. The availability of facilities for
conducting dynamic testing is very limited and
should be checked before specifying this type of
test.
**************************************************************************
No water penetration shall occur when the wall is tested in accordance with
ASTM E331 at a differential static test pressure of 20 percent of the
inward acting design wind pressure as specified, but not less than 0.19 kPa
4 psf. Make provision in the wall construction for adequate drainage to
the outside of water leakage or condensation that occurs within the outer
face of the wall. Leave drainage and weep openings in members and wall
open during test.
1.4.3.3
Air Infiltration Test
Air infiltration through the wall, when tested in accordance with ASTM E283,
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 17
however, all components need not be products of the same manufacturer.
1.5.2
Design
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Refer to AAMA Curtain Wall Design Guide
Manual "Testing, Types and Systems" for an
explanation of the various curtain wall systems. The
systems included in this guide specification are the
standard architectural type as opposed to custom
type. Generally the custom type of system is more
expensive and should only be considered for special
projects. When a system other than those listed is
required this paragraph must be adjusted accordingly.
**************************************************************************
[Stick system] [Unit system] [Unit and mullion system] [[_____] system]
with [mullions,] [horizontal rails,] [panels,] [window units,] [screens]
[framed pre-assembled units with [integral] [nonintegral] spandrel panels
[_____]]. Fully coordinate system accessories directly incorporated, and
adjacent to contiguous related work and insure materials compatibility,
deflection limitations, thermal movements, and clearances and tolerances as
indicated or specified.
1.5.3
Thermal Movement
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert in the brackets below the ambient
temperature range appropriate to the geographic
location of the project site.
**************************************************************************
Fabricate, assemble, and erect system with adequate allowances for
expansion and contraction of components and fastenings to prevent buckling
damage, joint seal failure, glass breakage, undue stress on fastenings or
other detrimental effects. For design purposes, base provisions for
thermal movement on assumed ambient temperature range of from [_____]
degrees C F to [_____] degrees C F.
1.5.4
Tolerances
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The finished wall system requires the
coordination and efforts of many different
manufacturers, suppliers, and construction trades.
Contractor submittal requirements must include
sufficient detail to insure coordination between
them.
**************************************************************************
Design and erect wall system to accommodate tolerances in building frame
and other contiguous work as indicated or specified. Provide with the
following tolerances:
a.
Maximum variation from plane or location shown on approved shop
drawings: one millimeter per 12 meters 1/8 inch per 12 feet of length
up to not more than 13 mm 1/2 inch in any total length.
b.
Maximum offset from true alignment between two identical members
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 20
abutting end to end in line:
1.5.5
2 mm 1/16 inch.
Structural Requirements
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When mullions are used to support window
cleaning rigs, the loads on the mullion members
created by the rigs must be considered in the
mullion design and the appropriate figures listed in
blank spaces.
**************************************************************************
Members may not deflect in a direction parallel to the plane of the wall,
when carrying its full design load, more than an amount which will reduce
the edge cover or glass bite below 75 percent of the design dimension.
After deflection under full design load, members may not have a clearance
between itself and the top of the panel, glass, sash, or other part
immediately below it less than 3 mm 1/8 inch. The clearance between the
member and an operable window or door must be minimum 2 mm 1/16 inch.
[Design system members serving as guide rails for window cleaning equipment
to carry mid-span concentrated load of [_____] kilograms pounds normal to
plane of wall and [_____] kilograms pounds applied horizontally, parallel
to wall plane without deflection which would affect adjacent surfaces.]
Design entire system to withstand the indicated wind and concentrated
loads, and the following wind loads acting normal to the plane of the wall:
a.
On the first [_____] stories above grade [_____] kPa psf acting inward,
and the same load acting outward.
b.
On the next [_____] stories above grade [_____] kPa psf acting inward,
and the same load acting outward.
c.
On corner areas, extending [_____] meters feet from the building
corners on the [_____] stories, on all facades, the outward-acting
(negative) design load must be increased to [_____] kilopascals pounds
per square foot.
[1.5.6
Seismic Calculations
When tested to AAMA 501.4 & 501.6, system must meet design displacement of
0.010 times the story height and ultimate displacement of 1.5 times the
design displacement. Provide with the following tolerances:
a.
Phase I: 3 stroke cycles using .005 times the story height - no damage
or failure.
b.
Phase II: 3 stroke cycles using .010 times the story height - no
damage or failure.
]1.6
QUALIFICATION OF WELDERS
Welding must be performed by certified welders qualified in accordance with
AWS D1.1/D1.1M using procedures, materials, and equipment of the type
required for the work.
1.7
DELIVERY AND STORAGE
Inspect materials delivered to the site for damage; unload and store with a
minimum of handling in accordance with recommendations contained in
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 21
b.
Preformed Compression Gaskets and Seals:
c.
Preformed Lock-strip Gaskets: ASTM C542, modified as follows: Heat age
specimens seven days at 70 degrees C 158 degrees F, in zipped or locked
position under full design compression. Unzip, cool for one hour,
re-zip, and test lip seal pressure, which must be minimum 0.045
kilograms per linear millimeter 2.5 pounds per linear inch on any
extruded or corner specimen.
d.
Spandrel Glass:
e.
Porcelain Enamel: Acid resistance, color retention, and spall
resistance tests, PEI 1001.
f.
Anodized Finishes: Stain resistance, coating weight, and coating
thickness tests, ASTM B136, ASTM B137, and ASTM B244, respectively.
g.
Insulating Glass: ASTM E546 or ASTM E576 at [minus 29 degrees C 20
degrees F] [_____], no frost or dew point.
1.4.2
ASTM C864.
Fallout resistance test, ASTM C1048.
Mockup
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Size of project and system specified will
determine whether mock-ups are necessary. Complete
information should be given concerning extent,
details, and purpose of mock-ups. Where mock-ups
have been previously tested for another project or
for commercial production, they may serve the
purpose. When testing of a mock-up is required, the
unit should be erected at a testing laboratory or
other location where adequate testing equipment is
available.
**************************************************************************
1.4.2.1
Construction
Construct at [job site] [manufacturer's
laboratory] full size typical wall unit
vertical joints, framing, window units,
accessories as detailed and specified.
must be as indicated.
1.4.2.2
plant] [approved testing
which incorporates horizontal and
panels, glazing, and other
Mock-up wall unit size and design
Performance Test
Conduct after approval of visual aspects has been obtained.
must match approved mock-up.
1.4.2.3
Finished work
Approved Mock-Up
After completion and approval of test results [[transport mock-up to job
site and] install, where directed, for reference during construction.]
[Approved mock-up must remain property of the Contractor.]
1.4.3
Factory Tests
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The overall performance requirements and
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 16
tests will vary with the design and geographical
location of the building as well as with the type of
construction and components specified. Only those
tests which are necessary to establish compliance
with specifications should be included in the
project specification. Refer to AAMA Curtain Wall
Manual for detailed testing methods and the
recommended minimum performance requirements and
safety factors.
**************************************************************************
Perform the following tests except that where a curtain wall system or
component of similar type, size, and design as specified for this project
has been previously tested, under the conditions specified herein, the
resulting test reports may be submitted in lieu of testing the components
listed below:
a.
[_____]
b.
[_____]
c.
[_____]
1.4.3.1
Deflection and Structural Tests
No curtain wall framing member shall deflect, in a direction normal to the
plane of the wall, more than 1/175 of its clear span or 20 mm 3/4 inch,
whichever is less, when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M, except
that when a plastered surface will be affected the deflection mustl not
exceed 1/360 of the span. No framing member shall have a permanent
deformation in excess of 0.2 percent of its clear span when tested in
accordance with ASTM E330/E330M for a minimum test period of 10 seconds at
1.5 times the design wind pressures specified.
1.4.3.2
Water Penetration Test
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The test method of ASTM E331 is that of
determining resistance of the curtain wall to water
penetration under uniform static air pressure
difference. When testing under dynamic conditions
is required, AAMA Specification 501.1 should be
referenced. The availability of facilities for
conducting dynamic testing is very limited and
should be checked before specifying this type of
test.
**************************************************************************
No water penetration shall occur when the wall is tested in accordance with
ASTM E331 at a differential static test pressure of 20 percent of the
inward acting design wind pressure as specified, but not less than 0.19 kPa
4 psf. Make provision in the wall construction for adequate drainage to
the outside of water leakage or condensation that occurs within the outer
face of the wall. Leave drainage and weep openings in members and wall
open during test.
1.4.3.3
Air Infiltration Test
Air infiltration through the wall, when tested in accordance with ASTM E283,
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 17
must not exceed 0.005 cms per sq. m 0.06 cfm per square foot of fixed wall
area, plus the permissible allowance specified for operable windows within
the test area.
1.4.3.4
Delamination Test
Adhesively bonded metal-faced [[_____] faced] panels must show no evidence
of delamination, warpage or other deterioration or damage when subjected to
the six "Accelerated Aging Cycles" specified in ASTM D1037.
1.4.3.5
Thermal Conductance Tests
The thermal transmittance of opaque panels must not
U-value, when tested in accordance with ASTM C1363.
thermal transmittance of the complete wall assembly
windows, and all other components must not exceed a
Determine U-values of components in accordance with
1.4.3.6
exceed specified
The average calculated
including panels,
U-value of [_____].
ASTM C1363.
Window Tests
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title
in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.
**************************************************************************
Windows must meet the requirements specified in [_____] except where the
requirements of this section differ, this section governs. Provide windows
that meet the same requirements for deflection and structural adequacy as
specified for framing members when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M,
except permanent deformation must not exceed 0.4 percent; there must be no
glass breakage, and no permanent damage to fasteners, anchors, hardware, or
operating devices. Provide windows that have no water penetration when
tested in accordance with ASTM E331.
1.4.3.7
Fire Resistance Tests
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The exception to the smoke developed
requirement as given in this paragraph does not
apply to hospitals and confinement (correctional)
facilities; insulation for these facilities must
have a smoke developed rating not exceeding 150.
**************************************************************************
Insulation [provided in the curtain wall system] [field applied in
conjunction with the curtain wall system] must have a flame spread rating
not exceeding 75 and a smoke developed rating not exceeding 150 when tested
in accordance with ASTM E84, except as specified otherwise herein.
a.
Insulation: Insulation [contained entirely within panel assemblies
which meets the flame spread and smoke developed ratings of 75 and 150
respectively] [isolated from the building interior by masonry walls,
masonry cavity walls, or encased in masonry cores] is not required to
comply with the flame spread and smoke developed ratings specified.
b.
Curtain Wall Systems: Material for firestopping the opening between
the edge of the floor slab and back of the curtain wall system, must
not have less than the flame spread and smoke developed ratings
specified for insulation which is neither isolated from the building
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 18
interior nor encased in masonry cores.
c.
Curtain Wall Panels: Provide panels for fire resistive curtain walls
that have a fire resistive rating of [_____] hours when tested in
accordance with ASTM E119.
d.
Firestopping Materials and Devices: Firestopping material and
attachment devices must be an effective barrier against the spread of
fire, smoke, and gases for a period of [_____] hours when exposed to
the conditions of the standard ASTM E119time-temperature curve for a
period equivalent to the fire rating of the floor system and must also
be rated noncombustible when tested in accordance with ASTM E136.
1.4.3.8
Sound Transmission Loss Test
Sound transmission loss (TL) of the wall must be less than [_____] db, when
tested in accordance with ASTM E90 for the frequency range from [125]
[_____] to [400] [_____] Hz.
1.5
GLAZED CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This specification is intended for use with
glazed curtain walls for low rise buildings and
multi-story buildings. Since aluminum shapes are
usually extruded and most other metal shapes are
rolled-formed or brake-formed, the project drawings
and details must show the materials and shapes
desired. Requests to the Contractor for alternate
bids is not allowed. The Contractor is not allowed
to substitute one metal for another unless complete
details are shown for each type of metal components
permitted.
Design must meet the requirements of UFC 1-200-02,
"High Performance and Sustainable Building
Requirements" which invokes the requirements within
UFC 3-101-01, "Architecture". UFC 1-200-02 and UFC
3-101-01 make references throughout to various
ASHRAE documents governing energy efficiency and
requirements for the components of building envelope
design including misture control, thermal
performance, fenestrations and glazing.
For further guidance and information on the design
of Curtain Walls for moisture control, thermal
comfort, energy savings, and sustainability, see the
"Whole Building Design Guide, Building Envelope
Design Guide - Curtain Walls".
**************************************************************************
Provide system complete with framing, mullions, trim, [framed pre-assembled
units,] panels, windows, glass, glazing, sealants, insulation, fasteners,
anchors, accessories, concealed auxiliary members, and attachment devices
for securing the wall to the structure as specified or indicated.
1.5.1
Source
Furnish curtain wall system components by one manufacturer or fabricator;
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 19
the NAAMM AMP 500. Aluminum used for framing must have a color anodized
finish designation AA-MIO-C22-A34 and AA-MIOC22-A44, meeting the
requirements of AAMA 611.
2.2.1.5
Strength
Aluminum extrusions for framing members used in curtain walls and main
frame and sash or ventilator members in windows must have a minimum
ultimate tensile strength of 152 MPa 22,000 psi and a minimum yield
strength of 110 MPa 16,000 psi.
2.2.2
Bronze
Bronze sheets, tubes, and drawn shapes must be commercial bronze, alloy No.
220. Extruded shapes must be architectural bronze, alloy No. 385. Rolled
or drawn rods must be [commercial bronze, alloy No. 220] [or]
[architectural bronze, alloy No. 385]. Bronze used for [_____] must have a
[_____] finish.
2.2.3
Copper
Conform to ASTM B152/B152M, hot or cold-rolled of the temper suitable for
the respective forming operations.
2.2.4
Carbon Steel
Conform to the following specifications:
a.
Rolled shapes, plates, and bars:
b.
Galvanized sheets:
c.
Sheets for porcelain enameling:
d.
Other sheets:
2.2.5
ASTM A36/A36M.
ASTM A653/A653M.
ASTM A424/A424M.
ASTM A1011/A1011M or ASTM A1008/A1008M.
Stainless Steel
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Type 316 stainless steel offers additional
corrosion resistance through the addition of
molybdenum. It is often recommended for use in
salty or highly corrosive atmospheres. Since its
cost is greater than Types 302 or 304, Type 316
should be specified only when the project
requirements justify the additional cost.
**************************************************************************
Conform to ASTM A167, Type 302 or 304, and finish in accordance with the
NAAMM AMP 500 conform to Metal Finishes Manual as follows:
a.
Concealed flashings:
finish].
b.
Exposed work:
2.2.6
Dead soft fully annealed, [2 D finish] [[_____]
[No. 4 finish] [[_____] finish] to match approved sample.
Weathering High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 28
is desirable to limit sealant types, revised text
accordingly.
**************************************************************************
Provide manufacturer's standard colors to closely match adjacent surfaces.
For interior application of joint sealants comply with applicable
regulations regarding reduced VOC's as specified in Section 07 92 00 JOINT
SEALANTS.
2.2.10.1
Elastomeric, Single or Multiple Component
ASTM C920, [Type S, single component] [Type M, multiple component]. Use
Grade NS, nonsag type in joints on vertical surfaces and use Grade P,
self-leveling or flow type, in joints on horizontal surfaces.
2.2.10.2
Single Component Silicone Rubber Base
ASTM C920, Type S, Grade NS (Silicone).
2.2.10.3
Solvents and Primers
Provide material which is quick drying, colorless, nonstaining, compatible
with compound used, as recommended by sealant manufacturer. Where primer
is specified or recommended by sealant manufacturer, tests related to that
material must include primer.
2.2.10.4
Backing Material
Provide material which is nonstaining, nonabsorbent, and compatible with
sealing compound. Closed cell resilient urethane, polyvinylchloride or
polyethylene foam; closed-cell sponge of vinyl or rubber; closed cell
neoprene or butyl rod; or polychloroprene tubes or beads.
2.2.10.5
Bond Preventive Materials
Provide polyethylene tape with pressure-sensitive adhesive; aluminum foil
or waxed paper.
2.2.10.6
Preformed Sealing Compound
Provide nonskinning type conforming to AAMA 800.
other shapes as required.
2.2.11
Tapes, beads, ribbons or
Glass and Glazing
[Materials are specified under Section 08 81 00 GLAZING.] [Conform to
ASTM C1036, except ASTM C1048 for spandrel glass. All glazing material
must be certified as meeting 16 CFR 1201.]
2.2.11.1
Glass Sizes and Clearances
Sizes indicated are nominal. Verify actual sizes required by measuring
frames. Coordinate dimensions for glass and glass holding members to meet
applicable minimum clearances as recommended by glass manufacturer. Do not
nip to remove flares or to reduce oversized dimensions.
2.2.11.2
Clear Primary Float Glass
Provide Type I, Class I, quality q3, [6 mm1/4 inch thick] [_____].
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 30
2.2.11.3
Heat-Absorbing Glass
Clean cut, Type [I] [II], Class [2], style [A] [B], [_____] in color,
thickness [[_____] mm inch] [as indicated].
2.2.11.4
Insulating Glass
Fused glass, banded, or unbanded. Banded type, ASTM E774, Class [A]
[_____] must have perimeter banded or sealed, and encased in a nonferrous
metal or stainless steel frame. Unbanded type must have perimeter sealed
by manufacturer's standard organic sealant. Do not field cut.
2.2.11.5
Spandrel Glass [With Adhered Backing]
ASTM C1048, kind FT or HS, condition B, Type I, [_____] thickness [[_____]
mm inch] [as indicated].
2.2.11.6
Glass Setting Materials
a.
Sealants and preformed sealing compounds: Must be as specified under
paragraph entitled "Joint Sealant and Accessories."
b.
Preformed compression gaskets and seals: ASTM C864, color [black]
[_____]. Gaskets used for [_____] must have durable compatible, and
colorfast coating.
c.
Preformed lock-strip type gaskets: ASTM C542, factory formed, color
[black] [_____]. Provide separate filler or locking strips,
approximately 10 Shore "A" Durometer points harder than gasket body,
and insure permanent and continuous pressure of sealing lips. Butt or
miter grooves 45 degrees.
d.
Setting blocks, edge blocks, and spacer shims: Fabricate from neoprene
or other materials recommended by glass manufacturer compatible with
compounds, sealants, or gaskets used. Unless otherwise recommended by
the glass manufacturer, shore "A" Durometer hardness for setting and
edge blocks must be 90 plus or minus 5; for spacer shims, 50 plus or
minus 5.
2.2.12
Firestopping Material
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Refer to AAMA TIR-A3-1975, "Fire Resistive
Design Guidelines for Curtain Wall Assemblies," for
other recommended materials and methods used for
firestopping the opening between the curtain wall
and floor edges.
**************************************************************************
[Portland cement concrete of same design and strength as floor slab] [As
specified in Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE] [Mineral fiber
manufactured from asbestos-free materials, and conforming to ASTM C612 or
ASTM C665, meeting fire resistance requirements specified].
2.2.13
Tempered Hardboard
AHA A135.4, Class 1, [_____] mm inch thick.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 31
company official manufacturer's warranty is in addition to, and not a
limitation of, other rights Owner may have under the Contract Documents.
c.
Assembly Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer
agrees to repair or replace components of steel fire-rated glazed
curtain-wall systems that do not comply with requirements or that
deteriorate as defined in this Section within specified warranty period.
d.
Finish Warranty: Manufacturer's standard
agrees to repair or replace components on
specified warranty period. Warranty does
weathering. Determine warranty on finish
e.
Beneficiary:
f.
Warranty Period: [_____] years commencing on Date of Substantial
Completion, covering complete curtain wall system for failure to meet
specified requirements.
g.
Warranty Acceptance: Owner is sole authority who will determine
acceptability of manufacturer's warranty documents.
1.9
form in which manufacturer
which finishes fail within
not include normal
by type of finish selected.
Issue warranty in the legal name of the project Owner.
INTERPRETATION OF AWS CODE
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If Section 05 05 23.16 STRUCTURAL WELDING is
not included in the project specification,
applicable requirements therefrom should be inserted
and the following paragraph deleted.
**************************************************************************
Section 05 05 23.16 STRUCTURAL WELDING applies to work specified in this
section.
AWS code, when referred to herein, shall mean AWS D1.1/D1.1M, "Structural
Welding Code - Steel" with the following modification:
Revise AWS code Section 1, "General Provisions," Paragraph 1.1 as follows:
References to the need for approval shall mean "Approval by the Contracting
Officer" and references to the "Building Commissioner" shall mean the
"Contracting Officer."
1.10
QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLER
Submit a written description of the proposed curtain-wall system installer
giving the name of the curtain-wall manufacturer, qualifications of
personnel, years of concurrent contracting experience, lists of projects
similar in scope to the specified work, and other information as may be
required by the Contracting Officer.
1.11
1.11.1
PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
Allowable Design Stresses
Aluminum-alloy framing member allowable design stresses must be in
accordance with the requirements of AA ADM pertaining to building type
structures made of the specified aluminum alloy.
Hot-rolled structural-steel member allowable design stresses and design
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 23
rules must be in accordance with the requirements of AISC/AISI 121
pertaining to the specified structural steel.
Cold-formed light-gage steel structural member allowable design stresses
and design rules must be in accordance with the requirements of AISI SG03-3
SG570 pertaining to structural members formed from the specified
structural-steel sheet or strip.
1.11.2
Design Wind Load
**************************************************************************
NOTE: First measurement in the following paragraph
specifies the design windload recommended in the
American Insurance Association AIA CO-1 "National
Building Code," Appendix K, for areas subject to
severe winds and for height zones of 9140 to 14900
millimeters 30 to 49 feet.
The second measurement specifies the design windload
recommended in ANSI A58.1, "Minimum Design Loads for
Buildings and Other Structures," for 160 kilometer
per hour 100 miles per hour wind velocity, for
unprotected locations in flat, open country or near
shorelines of large bodies of water and fully
exposed to a long fetch of wind, and for a height
zone of 12200 millimeters 40 feet.
The third measurement specifies the design windload
recommended in ANSI A58.1, "Minimum Design Loads for
Buildings and Other Structures," for 160 kilometer
per hour 100 miles per hour wind velocity, and for a
height zone of 9100 millimeters 30 feet and under.
The fourth measurement specifies the design windload
recommended in the American Insurance Association's
AIA CO-1 "National Building Code," Appendix K, for
areas subject to severe winds and for a height zone
of less than 9100 millimeters 30 feet.
The fifth measurement specifies the design windload
recommended in ANSI A58.1, "Minimum Design Loads for
Buildings and Other Structures," for the Langley
field area, and for a height zone of less than 9100
millimeters 30 feet.
The sixth measurement specifies the minimum design
load recommended in ANSI A58.1. Langley Research
Center policy does not permit use of this paragraph.
**************************************************************************
Design windload must be [2155] [1963] [1819] [1676] [1436] [718] pascal
[45] [41] [38] [35] [30] [15] pounds per square foot. Design windload must
be in accordance with ASCE 7.
1.11.3
Structural Capacity
Design curtain-wall system, including framing members, windows, doors and
frames, metal accessories, panels, and glazing to withstand the specified
design windload acting normal to the plane of the curtain wall and acting
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 24
either inward or outward.
Deflection of any metal framing member in a direction normal to the plane
of the curtain wall, when subjected to the test of structural performance,
using the specified windload in accordance with AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440,
must not exceed 1/175 of the clear span of the member or 20 millimeter 3/4
inch, whichever value is less.
Deflection of any metal member in a direction parallel to the plane of the
curtain wall, when the metal member is carrying its full design load, must
not exceed 75 percent of the design clearance dimension between that member
and the glass, sash, panels, or other part immediately below it.
1.11.4
Provisions for Thermal Movement
Design curtain-wall systems, including framing members, windows, doors and
frames, metal accessories, and other components incorporated into the
curtain wall, to allow for expansion and contraction of the component parts
at an ambient temperature of 38 degrees C 100 degrees F without causing
buckling, opening of joints, overstressing of fasteners, or other harmful
effects.
1.12
DRAWINGS
Installation Drawings must include the following information for curtain
wall assemblies.
Curtain-wall locations in building, layout and elevations, dimensions,
shapes and sizes of members, thickness of metals, types and locations of
shop and field connections, details of anchorage to building construction,
glazing provisions, and other pertinent construction and erection details.
Location and details of anchorage devices that are to be cast-in-place in
concrete and masonry construction.
Panel dimensions, thicknesses and kinds of materials, edge details, details
of installation in curtain-wall framing, and other pertinent construction
and erection details.
1.13
MANUFACTURER'S INFORMATION
Preventive Maintenance and Inspection must consist of the aluminum
manufacturer's recommended cleaning materials and application methods,
including detrimental effects to the aluminum finish when improperly
applied.
PART 2
[2.1
PRODUCTS
PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
For products in this section, where applicable and to extent allowed by
performance criteria, provide and document the following:
[2.1.1
Recycled content of Aluminum Doors and Frames
Provide aluminum doors and frames meeting the recycled content requirements
as stated within this section and provide documentation in accordance with
Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph RECYCLED CONTENT.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 25
][2.1.2
Recycled content of Aluminum Curtain-wall Framing Members
Provide aluminum curtain-wall framing members meeting the recycled content
requirements as stated within this section and provide documentation in
accordance with Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph
RECYCLED CONTENT.
][2.1.3
Recycled Content of Aluminum Windows
Provide aluminum windows meeting the recycled content requirements as
stated within this section and provide documentation in accordance with
Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph RECYCLED CONTENT.
]]2.2
MATERIALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: In certain locations the use of recycled
aluminum materials is readily available through a
variety of manufacturers. The Designer of Record
(DOR) must confirm that availability and edit the
paragraphs below accordingly.
**************************************************************************
2.2.1
Aluminum
Must be free from defects impairing strength or durability of surface
finish. Provide standard alloys conforming to standards and designations
of AA ASD1. Special alloys, not covered by the following ASTM
specifications, must conform to standards and designations recommended by
the manufacturer for the purpose intended.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When the Designer of Record (DOR) has
confirmed availability of recycled aluminum
products, include and edit the statement below
accordingly.
**************************************************************************
[Provide Aluminum [Doors][Frames][Curtain-wall Framing Members][Window
Frames] with a minimum recycled content of [20][_____] percent.]
2.2.1.1
Wrought Aluminum Alloys
Must be those which include aluminum alloying elements not exceeding the
following maximum limits when tested and additional in accordance with
ASTM E34. These limits apply to both bare products and the core of clad
products. The cladding of clad products must be within the same limits
except that the maximum zinc limit may be 2.5 percent in order to assure
that the cladding is anodic to the core. Special wrought alloys with a
silicon content not more than 7.0 percent will be acceptable for limited
structural uses where special appearance is required:
ALLOY
PERCENT
Silicon
1.5
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 26
ALLOY
PERCENT
Magnesium, Manganese, and
Chromium combined
6.0
Iron
1.0
Copper
0.4
Zinc
1.0
Within the chemical composition limits set forth above, wrought aluminum
alloys must conform to the following:
a.
Extruded bars, rods, shapes and tubes:
b.
Sheet and Plate:
2.2.1.2
ASTM B221M ASTM B221.
ASTM B209M ASTM B209.
Cast Aluminum Alloys
Provide those in which the alloying elements are silicon, magnesium,
manganese, or a combination of these. Other elements must not exceed the
following limits:
ALLOY
PERCENT
Iron
1.2
Copper
0.4
Nickel
0.4
Titanium
0.2
Others (total)
0.5
Within the chemical composition limits set forth above, cast aluminum
alloys must conform to the following:
a.
Sand castings:
b.
Die casting:
c.
Permanent mold castings:
2.2.1.3
ASTM B26/B26M.
ASTM B85/B85M.
ASTM B108/B108M.
Welding Rods and Electrodes
Provide welding rods and bare electrodes conforming to AWS A5.10/A5.10M as
recommended by the manufacturer of the aluminum base metal alloy being used.
2.2.1.4
Finish
Anodized finish on aluminum surfaces must match in appearance or fall
within the two extremes of color range of the approved samples. The
following designation of finishes refer to standard finishes as defined in
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 27
the NAAMM AMP 500. Aluminum used for framing must have a color anodized
finish designation AA-MIO-C22-A34 and AA-MIOC22-A44, meeting the
requirements of AAMA 611.
2.2.1.5
Strength
Aluminum extrusions for framing members used in curtain walls and main
frame and sash or ventilator members in windows must have a minimum
ultimate tensile strength of 152 MPa 22,000 psi and a minimum yield
strength of 110 MPa 16,000 psi.
2.2.2
Bronze
Bronze sheets, tubes, and drawn shapes must be commercial bronze, alloy No.
220. Extruded shapes must be architectural bronze, alloy No. 385. Rolled
or drawn rods must be [commercial bronze, alloy No. 220] [or]
[architectural bronze, alloy No. 385]. Bronze used for [_____] must have a
[_____] finish.
2.2.3
Copper
Conform to ASTM B152/B152M, hot or cold-rolled of the temper suitable for
the respective forming operations.
2.2.4
Carbon Steel
Conform to the following specifications:
a.
Rolled shapes, plates, and bars:
b.
Galvanized sheets:
c.
Sheets for porcelain enameling:
d.
Other sheets:
2.2.5
ASTM A36/A36M.
ASTM A653/A653M.
ASTM A424/A424M.
ASTM A1011/A1011M or ASTM A1008/A1008M.
Stainless Steel
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Type 316 stainless steel offers additional
corrosion resistance through the addition of
molybdenum. It is often recommended for use in
salty or highly corrosive atmospheres. Since its
cost is greater than Types 302 or 304, Type 316
should be specified only when the project
requirements justify the additional cost.
**************************************************************************
Conform to ASTM A167, Type 302 or 304, and finish in accordance with the
NAAMM AMP 500 conform to Metal Finishes Manual as follows:
a.
Concealed flashings:
finish].
b.
Exposed work:
2.2.6
Dead soft fully annealed, [2 D finish] [[_____]
[No. 4 finish] [[_____] finish] to match approved sample.
Weathering High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 28
with watertight hairline joints not exceeding 0.4 millimeter 1/64 inch in
width.
]2.7
ALUMINUM DOORS AND FRAMES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when aluminum doors and frames
are not a part of the curtain-wall system.
**************************************************************************
Aluminum doors and frames are specified in Section 08 11 16 ALUMINUM DOORS
AND FRAMES.
2.8
2.8.1
METAL ACCESSORIES
Sills
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraphs if sills are not required.
Sills must be detailed on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
Sills must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and fabricated of
aluminum-alloy extrusions having a wall thickness not less than 3
millimeter. 0.125 inch.
Sills must run continuously under the curtain wall and permit the lower
curtain wall frame member to interlock without fastenings.
2.8.2
Coping
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraphs if coping is not required.
Coping must be detailed on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
Coping must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and welded mitered
inside and outside corner sections, concealed cover plates, and other
components as required for the installation.
Coping-system components must be aluminum-alloy extrusions with wall
thicknesses of 1.2 millimeter 0.05 inch, minimum.
2.8.3
Exterior Architectural Louvers
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when exterior architectural
louvers are not required.
**************************************************************************
Exterior architectural louvers are specified in Section 05 72 00 DECORATIVE
METAL SPECIALTIES.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 41
2.9
PANELS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraphs when panels are not required.
Only metal-faced laminated panels are specified. If
another panel type is used, revise the
specifications to suit the project. Indicate
locations and dimensions of panels on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
2.9.1
Panel Type
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Coordinate panel thickness with the
curtain-wall framing used in the work.
**************************************************************************
Panels must be metal-faced laminated both sides, consisting of exterior
metal facing, facing backing, insulating core, facing backing, and interior
metal facing. Facing-panel dimensions must be as indicated.
2.9.2
Exterior Metal Facing
Facing must be Porcelain-Enamel on steel. Base metal must be steel sheets
for porcelain enameling, 0.25 to 0.38 millimeter 0.010 to 0.015 inch thick,
of the quality and type best suited for the work, stretcher level standard
of flatness, conforming to ASTM A424/A424M, and properly precleaned and
treated for adherence of the porcelain enamel.
Porcelain-enamel processing, corrosion protection, weather resistance,
color retention of red, yellow, and orange porcelain enamels, continuity of
coating, and surface appearance must meet or exceed the requirements
specified in PEI 1001.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: PEI designates color of porcelain enamel by
the munsell color system (hue, value/chroma). 47
standard colors are shown in PEI CG-3, "Color Guide
for Architectural Porcelain Enamel." The following
paragraph illustrates the method of specifying the
color of porcelain enamel and must be revised as
required to suit the project.
**************************************************************************
Color of porcelain-enamel exposed-to-view surfaces must be PEI CG-3Ivory
(Munsell number by 8.7/3.4) and match the color of the approved samples.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select one of the following paragraphs.
**************************************************************************
Gloss of exposed-to-view surfaces must be [high] [medium] [low]
reflectivity.
2.9.3
Facing Backing
Nominal 3 millimeter 1/8-inch thick, flat non-asbestos-cement sheets,
flexible smooth-one-side surface finish, conforming to ASTM C220, Type F.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 42
2.2.11.3
Heat-Absorbing Glass
Clean cut, Type [I] [II], Class [2], style [A] [B], [_____] in color,
thickness [[_____] mm inch] [as indicated].
2.2.11.4
Insulating Glass
Fused glass, banded, or unbanded. Banded type, ASTM E774, Class [A]
[_____] must have perimeter banded or sealed, and encased in a nonferrous
metal or stainless steel frame. Unbanded type must have perimeter sealed
by manufacturer's standard organic sealant. Do not field cut.
2.2.11.5
Spandrel Glass [With Adhered Backing]
ASTM C1048, kind FT or HS, condition B, Type I, [_____] thickness [[_____]
mm inch] [as indicated].
2.2.11.6
Glass Setting Materials
a.
Sealants and preformed sealing compounds: Must be as specified under
paragraph entitled "Joint Sealant and Accessories."
b.
Preformed compression gaskets and seals: ASTM C864, color [black]
[_____]. Gaskets used for [_____] must have durable compatible, and
colorfast coating.
c.
Preformed lock-strip type gaskets: ASTM C542, factory formed, color
[black] [_____]. Provide separate filler or locking strips,
approximately 10 Shore "A" Durometer points harder than gasket body,
and insure permanent and continuous pressure of sealing lips. Butt or
miter grooves 45 degrees.
d.
Setting blocks, edge blocks, and spacer shims: Fabricate from neoprene
or other materials recommended by glass manufacturer compatible with
compounds, sealants, or gaskets used. Unless otherwise recommended by
the glass manufacturer, shore "A" Durometer hardness for setting and
edge blocks must be 90 plus or minus 5; for spacer shims, 50 plus or
minus 5.
2.2.12
Firestopping Material
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Refer to AAMA TIR-A3-1975, "Fire Resistive
Design Guidelines for Curtain Wall Assemblies," for
other recommended materials and methods used for
firestopping the opening between the curtain wall
and floor edges.
**************************************************************************
[Portland cement concrete of same design and strength as floor slab] [As
specified in Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE] [Mineral fiber
manufactured from asbestos-free materials, and conforming to ASTM C612 or
ASTM C665, meeting fire resistance requirements specified].
2.2.13
Tempered Hardboard
AHA A135.4, Class 1, [_____] mm inch thick.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 31
2.2.14
Screens
ASTM D3656/D3656M, Class 2, 18 by 14 mesh, color [charcoal] [grey] [_____].
2.2.15
2.2.15.1
Paint and Finishes
Primer
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Zinc chromate, strontium chromate and lead
coatings are not allowed.
**************************************************************************
Zinc-molydate, alkyd type.
2.2.16
Panels
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Double glazing and thermal breaks in wall and
window framing systems will result in considerable
reduction of heat transmission through wall system.
Refer to ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, and AAMA
Curtain Wall Manual, "Design for Energy Conservation
in Aluminum Curtain Walls" for additional
information on heat transmission losses and
condensation on interior surfaces.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When other types of panels are required the
text must be modified accordingly. When nonmetallic
panels such as stone, precast concrete, tile or
other materials are required, they must be included
in the project specification. All panels which are
a part of the wall system, regardless of the
material or type, must be included as a part of the
curtain wall specification.
**************************************************************************
Maximum U-value [_____]. Where, in order to meet the requirements
specified, the proposed panel assembly is thicker than indicated, make
corresponding adjustments in accessories and other work such as door,
window and louver frames, flashing, coping, and trim products at no extra
cost to the Government. Unless otherwise indicated, design for
installation from outside the building. Provide vapor barrier on interior
face of insulation. Seal edges of panels with cores of absorptive material
to prevent entrance of water and allow venting of the core space to outside
air.
2.2.16.1
Metal Facing Panels, Single Thickness
Metal facing panels must be single thickness. Panel facing must be [flat
sheet] [textured] [impressed-relief] [_____] type, made of [porcelain
enamel] [aluminum] [bronze] [stainless steel] and, with [backside
stiffeners] [or] [edge flanges] spaced as required to meet flatness
specified. Where indicated, backup panels with [_____].
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 32
2.2.16.2
Adhesively Bonded Panels
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The same metal should be used on both the
exposed and nonexposed faces of the panels,
particularly in the case of aluminum, in order to
minimize differential thermal expansion between the
faces and thus reduce potential warping or buckling
of the panel.
**************************************************************************
Adhesively bonded panels must be sandwich type, metal faced both sides, and
bonded to form stable and composite unit. Nonexposed face must be
[galvanized steel] [_____]. Exposed face must be [porcelain enamel]
[aluminum] [bronze] [stainless steel] [weathering steel] [_____] of
thickness indicated, with continuous laminated backing or internal
stiffening ribs or breaks spaced as required to meet flatness specified.
The nonexposed face must be [galvanized steel] [_____] of the thickness
indicated. Maximum slope of exposed face surface at any point, measured
from nominal plane, must not exceed the following:
a.
1.0 percent for high reflectivity finish.
b.
1.25 percent for medium reflectivity finish.
c.
1.5 percent for low reflectivity finish.
2.2.16.3
Nonmetallic Panels
a.
Provide panels that are glass-faced on the side that will be exposed to
view. Glass must be spandrel glass with ceramic coating on its
nonweathering surface and [smooth] [_____] finish on the exposed
surface [; backing must be adhesively bonded to nonweathering
surface]. Backing must be [_____] and include [galvanized steel]
[_____] on surface nearest the building. Color of glass when viewed
from the surface that will be exposed after installation must be
[_____]. Where indicated, back up glass panels with [_____].
b.
Adhesively bonded insulated panels must be nonmetallic faced, sandwich
type, [_____] [tempered hardboard] on exposed face and on nonexposed
face. Apply coating of [epoxy] [polyester] [_____] followed by
application of [inert aggregate] [_____] to exposed face in the
[factory] [field]. [Inert aggregate] [_____] must be [natural stone
chips] [crushed marble] [_____] [with minimum and maximum sizes of
[_____] and [_____]]. Color of [_____] must be [_____].
c.
Nonmetallic panels, [_____] surfaced: [_____] [tempered hardboard]
[_____] board base with applied [factory] [or] [field] finish of
[[_____] resins and decorative natural stone chips] [_____]. Apply
[epoxy] [polyester] coating of [_____] followed by application of
[inert aggregate] [_____] to exposed face in the [factory] [field].
[Inert aggregate] [_____] must be [natural stone chips] [crushed
marble] [_____] [with minimum and maximum sizes of [_____] and
[_____]]. Color of [_____] must be [_____].
2.2.17
Metal Windows
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 33
in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.
**************************************************************************
[Fixed] [Operating] [Fixed and operating]. Comply with requirements of
[_____], [Steel] [Aluminum] Windows [_____] [AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440] [
SWI AGSW] as modified herein. Provide inside glazing with removable metal
glazing beads [except for windows having structural gaskets]. Comply with
glass clearance dimensions and sealant dimensions recommended by glass
manufacturer.
2.2.17.1
Frames
Frames for fixed glazed panels and window units must be [aluminum] [bronze]
[stainless steel] [steel].
2.2.17.2
Operating Windows
Operating windows must be [double-hung] [projected] [horizontally pivoted]
[vertically pivoted] [top-hinged inswinging] [horizontal sliding]
[casement] [_____] type. [Operating windows must be complete with
hardware, weatherstripping, and accessories.] Hardware must comply with [
AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440] [SWI AGSW] modified as follows:
a.
Metal and finish for hardware must be [_____].
b.
[_____].
2.2.17.3
Window Construction
Weld or mechanically join and seal corners of frames and ventilators for
water-tight construction. Remove excess metal from welded joints and dress
smooth on exposed and contact surfaces so that no objectionable
discoloration or roughness will be visible after finishing. Apply sealing
compound in interior surfaces of corners and frame intersections.
2.2.18
Insect Screens
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where metal accessories mentioned herein
occur in connection with metal curtain walls, the
kind and gage of metal must be shown or specified.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title
in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.
**************************************************************************
Provide insect screens for ventilators of [_____] windows [_____] in
accordance with [_____], [Steel] [Aluminum] Windows [_____] [
AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440] [SWI AGSW]. Screens for double-hung windows
must be [full length, top-hung type] [double vertical sliding type]
[half-length fixed type]. Screens for [projected] [casement] [_____]
windows must be [_____] type. Mount screens on [inside] [outside] of
windows. Screens must be rewirable, easily removable from inside the
building, and interchangeable for same size ventilators of similar type
windows. Provide hardware, guides, stops, clips, bolts, and screws as
necessary for a secure and tight attachment to window. [Where sliding or
hinged wickets are required in screens to permit operation of window
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 34
hardware, the frame around the wicket opening must be of similar material
and strengths as the screen frames.]
a.
Frames: Construct screen frames of similar material and finish as
specified for the windows to which attached. Screen frame construction
must consist of closed tubular shapes standard with the manufacturer,
either extruded or roll formed. Frames must be mitered, electrically
flash welded, then dressed smooth; or have internal reinforcing or
blocks at corners and mechanically connected corners. Screen frames
must have removable splines of aluminum, stainless steel, or vinyl.
b.
Screening: Weave of screening must be parallel with frames and
sufficiently tight to present a smooth appearance. Conceal edges of
screening in spline channel of frames.
c.
Hardware: Screen hardware must be manufacturer's standard type and
finish, unless otherwise indicated.
2.2.19
Metal Accessories
[Gravel stops and fascias,] [Flashings,] [Metal sills,] [Metal stools,]
[Louvers,] [Venetian blind pockets,] [Closures,] [and soffits] [_____].
Fabricate accessories of sizes and shapes indicated from similar materials
and finish as specified for wall system.
2.3
2.3.1
METALS FOR FABRICATION
Aluminum-Alloy Extrusions
Extrusions must conform to ASTM B221M ASTM B221.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the following paragraph when
integral-color anodic coating is not required.
**************************************************************************
Extrusions to receive an integral-color anodic coating must be the alloy
and temper recommended by the aluminum producer for the specified finish
with integral-color anodic coating and have mechanical properties equal to
or exceeding those of 6063-T5.
2.3.2
Aluminum-Alloy Sheets and Plates
Unless otherwise specified, sheets and plates must conform to ASTM B209M
ASTM B209, Alloy 3003-H16.
Sheets and plates to receive a clear anodic coating must conform to
ASTM B209M ASTM B209, Alloy 5005-H16.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the following paragraph when
integral-color anodic coating is not required.
**************************************************************************
Sheets and plates to receive an integral-color anodic coating must be the
alloy and temper recommended by the aluminum producer for the specified
coating and have mechanical properties equal to or exceeding those of
5005-H16.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 35
2.3.3
Structural Steel
Hot-rolled shapes, plates, and bars must conform to ASTM A36/A36M.
Hot-formed tubing must conform to ASTM A501/A501M.
Sheet and strip for cold-formed, light-gage, structural members must
conform to ASTM A1011/A1011M.
2.3.4
Metals for Fasteners
Provide aluminum-alloy bolts and screws made from rod conforming to
ASTM B211M, ASTM B211, Alloy 2024-T351.
Provide aluminum-alloy nuts made from rod conforming to ASTM B211M,
ASTM B211, Alloy 6061-T6.
Provide aluminum-alloy washers made from sheet conforming to ASTM B209M
ASTM B209, Alloy 2024-T4.
Provide aluminum-alloy rivets made from rod or wire conforming to
ASTM B316/B316M, Alloy 6053-T61.
Provide steel fasteners made from corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel Type
302, 303, 304, 305, or 316 with the form and condition best suited for the
work.
2.4
NONSKINNING SEALING COMPOUND
Sealing compound must be nonskinning, gun-grade type conforming to AAMA 800.
2.5
2.5.1
FABRICATION
Workmanship
Metal Accessories must be accurately formed; joints, except those designed
to accommodate movement, accurately fitted and rigidly assembled.
Insofar as practical, fitting and assembly of the work must be done in the
manufacturer's plant. Mark work that cannot be permanently
factory-assembled before shipment to ensure proper assembly at the site.
2.5.2
Shop-Painting Aluminum
Shop prime aluminum surfaces that will come in contact with dissimilar
metals, masonry, concrete, or wood.
Prepare aluminum surfaces for painting in accordance with ASTM D1730, Type
B, Method 2 or 3.
Give aluminum surfaces one shop coat of paint applied to dry, clean,
surfaces to provide a continuous minimum dry-film thickness of 0.038
millimeter. 1.5 mils.
2.5.3
Shop-Painting Steel
Shop prime surfaces of concealed steel.
Remove scale, rust, and other deleterious materials.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 36
Remove heavy rust and
loose mill scale in accordance with SSPC SP 3 or SSPC 7/NACE No.4. Remove
oil, grease, and similar contaminants in accordance with SSPC SP 1.
Give steel surfaces two coats of paint; the second coat must have a color
different from the first coat. Apply paint to dry, clean, surfaces to
provide a continuous minimum dry-film thickness of 0.038 millimeter 1.5 mils
for the first coat and 0.025 millimeter 1 mil for the second coat.
2.5.4
Depth of Glazing Rabbets
Depth of glazing rabbets for openings to receive glass materials or panels
must be as follows:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select as required to suit the glass
materials and panels used. Delete inapplicable
items.
**************************************************************************
MATERIAL
NOMINAL THICKNESS
MAXIMUM SIZE
MINIMUM RABBET DEPTH
Single-glass
lights
Double strength
Up to 0.46 square meter
10 millimeter
Double strength
Over 0.46 square meter
15 millimeter
3 millimeter
Up to 0.46 square meter
10 millimeter
3 millimeter
0.46 to 2.32 square meter
15 millimeter
3 millimeter
2.32 to 6.5 square meter
16 millimeter
4.5 millimeter
Up to 2.32 square meter
15 millimeter
4.5 millimeter
Over 2.32 square meter
16 millimeter
5.5 millimeter
All sizes
16 millimeter
6 millimeter
Up to 9.3 square meter
16 millimeter
6 millimeter
Over 9.3 square meter
20 millimeter
8 millimeter
All sizes
20 millimeter
10 millimeter
All sizes
22 millimeter
15 millimeter
All sizes
22 millimeter
20 millimeter
All sizes
22 millimeter
All thicknesses
Up to 2.23 square meter
16 millimeter
All thicknesses
2.23 to 6.5 square meter
20 millimeter
Double-glazing
units
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 37
MATERIAL
NOMINAL THICKNESS
MAXIMUM SIZE
MINIMUM RABBET DEPTH
Panels
Up to 25 mm
All sizes
16 millimeter
25 to 40 mm
All sizes
20 millimeter
MATERIAL
NOMINAL THICKNESS
MAXIMUM SIZE
MINIMUM RABBET DEPTH
Single-glass
lights
Double strength
Up to 5 square feet
3/8 inch
Double strength
Over 5 square feet
1/2 inch
1/8 inch
Up to 5 square feet
3/8 inch
1/8 inch
5 to 25 square feet
1/2 inch
1/8 inch
25 to 70 square feet
5/8 inch
3/16 inch
Up to 25 square feet
1/2 inch
3/16 inch
Over 25 square feet
5/8 inch
7/32 inch
All sizes
5/8 inch
1/4 inch
Up to 100 square feet
5/8 inch
1/4 inch
Over 100 square feet
3/4 inch
5/16 inch
All sizes
3/4 inch
3/8 inch
All sizes
7/8 inch
1/2 inch
All sizes
7/8 inch
3/4 inch
All sizes
7/8 inch
All thicknesses
Up to 25 square feet
5/8 inch
All thicknesses
25 to 70 square feet
3/4 inch
Up to 1 inch
All sizes
5/8 inch
1 to 1-1/2 inches
All sizes
3/4 inch
Double-glazing
units
Panels
2.5.5
Finish
Exposed-to-View Aluminum Finish of surfaces must be:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the following finishes that are not
required. Where more than one is required, the
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 38
location of each must be indicated on the drawing.
**************************************************************************
Frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical
etch and Architectural Class II (0.01 to 0.018 millimeter thickness) anodic
coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA C22-A31 in
accordance with AA DAF45.
Frosted finish with Class I clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical
etch and Architectural Class I (0.018 millimeter and greater thickness)
anodic coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA
C22-A41 in accordance with AA DAF45.
Polished frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Smooth
specular-buffed mechanical, followed by a medium-matte chemical etch and
Architectural Class II (0.01 to 0.018 millimeter thickness) anodic coating
producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA M21-C22-A31 in
accordance with AA DAF45.
Frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical
etch and Architectural Class II (0.4- to 0.7-mil thickness) anodic coating
producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA C22-A31 in
accordance with AA DAF45.
Frosted finish with Class I clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical
etch and Architectural Class I (0.7-mil and greater thickness) anodic
coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA C22-A41 in
accordance with AA DAF45.
Polished frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Smooth
specular-buffed mechanical, followed by a medium-matte chemical etch and
Architectural Class II (0.4- to 0.7-mil thickness) anodic coating producing
a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA M21-C22-A31 in accordance with
AA DAF45.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: It is recommended that a sample of the
required color be on display where it may be seen by
bidders during the bidding period.
**************************************************************************
Polished frosted finish with integral-color anodic coating: Smooth
specular buffed mechanical, followed by nonetching inhibitive alkaline
cleaning, medium-matte chemical etch, and Architectural Class I ( 0.018
millimeter 0.7-mil and greater thickness) anodic coating producing an
integral-color finish. Color must be:
[Light bronze] [Medium bronze] [Dark bronze] [Black]
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The following paragraph must be included.
**************************************************************************
Match aluminum-finish color and appearance to that of the sample approved
for use in the project within the aluminum producer's standard color range.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the following paragraphs when an
anodic coating is not required.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 39
**************************************************************************
Test the anodic coating on aluminum for thickness in accordance with
ASTM B244.
Test anodically coated aluminum for the weight of the coating in accordance
with ASTM B137.
Test the resistance of anodically coated aluminum to staining by dyes in
accordance with ASTM B136.
2.6
CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Size and arrangement of all framing members
must be indicated on the drawings. Curtain-wall
system manufacturer's stock sizes and shapes should
be used. Frame depth must be coordinated with the
window sash, panels, single-glass lights,
double-glazing units, and louvers and other metal
accessories that are to be incorporated into the
curtain-wall system.
**************************************************************************
2.6.1
General
Framing members must be the section dimensions and arrangement indicated
and designed to accommodate windows, panels, and other materials to be
incorporated into the curtain-wall system.
[ Curtain-wall framing must be the vertical mullion type with the vertical
mullions extending the indicated distance beyond the exterior face of the
curtain wall.
][Curtain-wall framing must be the grid type with both the vertical and
horizontal mullions extending the indicated distance beyond the exterior
face of the curtain wall.
]2.6.2
Construction
Framing members must be aluminum-alloy extrusions with a wall thickness not
less than 3.1 millimeter 0.125 inch. Glazing rabbet legs must be an
integral part of the frame with the leg depth not less than the minimum
depth specified for the thickness and size of the glass material or panel
to be installed in the curtain-wall frame. Design and construct frames to
receive window sash and louvers of the type specified when required.
Prepare vertical mullions for anchorage to the building construction at the
bottom, at each intermediate floor elevation, and at the top.
[ Corners of frames must be mortise-and-tenon construction except that the
corners of the vertical and horizontal mullions in grid frames must be
coped-and-welded construction. Welds must be on the unexposed surfaces.
Corner joints must be accurately fitted and flush, with watertight hairline
joints not exceeding 0.4 millimeter 1/64 inch in width. Apply nonskinning
sealing compound to the unexposed surfaces of all mortise-and-tenon joints.
][Corners of frames must be coped and welded construction. Welds must be on
the unexposed surfaces. Corner joints must be accurately fitted and flush,
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 40
with watertight hairline joints not exceeding 0.4 millimeter 1/64 inch in
width.
]2.7
ALUMINUM DOORS AND FRAMES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when aluminum doors and frames
are not a part of the curtain-wall system.
**************************************************************************
Aluminum doors and frames are specified in Section 08 11 16 ALUMINUM DOORS
AND FRAMES.
2.8
2.8.1
METAL ACCESSORIES
Sills
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraphs if sills are not required.
Sills must be detailed on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
Sills must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and fabricated of
aluminum-alloy extrusions having a wall thickness not less than 3
millimeter. 0.125 inch.
Sills must run continuously under the curtain wall and permit the lower
curtain wall frame member to interlock without fastenings.
2.8.2
Coping
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraphs if coping is not required.
Coping must be detailed on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
Coping must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and welded mitered
inside and outside corner sections, concealed cover plates, and other
components as required for the installation.
Coping-system components must be aluminum-alloy extrusions with wall
thicknesses of 1.2 millimeter 0.05 inch, minimum.
2.8.3
Exterior Architectural Louvers
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when exterior architectural
louvers are not required.
**************************************************************************
Exterior architectural louvers are specified in Section 05 72 00 DECORATIVE
METAL SPECIALTIES.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 41
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-08 44 00 (August 2011)
Change 1 - 08/15
--------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-08 44 00 (May 2011)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 08 - OPENINGS
SECTION 08 44 00
CURTAIN WALL AND GLAZED ASSEMBLIES
08/11
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
1.2
SUBMITTALS
1.3
REQUIREMENT FOR DESIGN DATA
1.4
QUALITY ASSURANCE
1.4.1
Testing Requirements
1.4.2
Mockup
1.4.2.1
Construction
1.4.2.2
Performance Test
1.4.2.3
Approved Mock-Up
1.4.3
Factory Tests
1.4.3.1
Deflection and Structural Tests
1.4.3.2
Water Penetration Test
1.4.3.3
Air Infiltration Test
1.4.3.4
Delamination Test
1.4.3.5
Thermal Conductance Tests
1.4.3.6
Window Tests
1.4.3.7
Fire Resistance Tests
1.4.3.8
Sound Transmission Loss Test
1.5
GLAZED CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
1.5.1
Source
1.5.2
Design
1.5.3
Thermal Movement
1.5.4
Tolerances
1.5.5
Structural Requirements
1.5.6
Seismic Calculations
1.6
QUALIFICATION OF WELDERS
1.7
DELIVERY AND STORAGE
1.7.1
Protective Covering
1.7.2
Identification
1.8
WARRANTY
1.8.1
Sample Warranties
1.9
INTERPRETATION OF AWS CODE
1.10
QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLER
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 1
2.9.4
Core Insulation
[ Core must be expanded perlite conforming to ASTM C610.
][Core must be rigid urethane conforming to ASTM C591, Type 2.
][Core must be preformed block polystyrene conforming to ASTM C578, Type II.
] [Core must be cellular glass conforming to ASTM C552.]
[Core must be mineral fiberboard conforming to [ASTM C612][ASTM C553][
ASTM C592][ASTM C547]].
2.9.5
Interior Metal Facing
[ Facing must be 0.7 millimeter 24-gage galvanized-steel sheets conforming to
ASTM A653/A653M, coating Z275. G90.
][Facing must be as specified for exterior metal facing.
]2.9.6
Panel Fabrication
Securely bond panel materials together to form a stable and durable
composite unit. Panels with core insulation of absorptive material must
have edges sealed and provide venting to the outside air. Provide panels
that conform to the following:
Flatness: Provide exterior surfaces of such flatness that, when measured
at room temperature, the maximum slope of the surface at any point,
measured from the nominal plane of the surface, that do not exceed the
following:
1.0 percent for surfaces having a finish of high reflectivity
1.25 percent for surfaces having a finish of medium reflectivity
1.5 percent for surfaces having a finish of low reflectivity
Structural requirements: Panels of the maximum size required by the work,
when supported in the manner intended, must withstand the windload
specified without permanent deformation or damage.
Accelerated aging: Panels must show no evidence of delamination, warpage,
or other deterioration or damage after completion of six accelerated aging
cycles in accordance with ASTM C481, Cycle A.
Thermal transmittance: U-factor of a panel, when a panel not less than 1
square meter 10 square feet in area and of identical construction is tested
in accordance with ASTM C1363, must be as follows:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Before selecting the U-factor, the panel
thickness and insulation-core material must be
determined.
**************************************************************************
Not more than [0.57] [0.85] [1.14] [1.42] [1.70] [2.27] [2.56] watt/square
meter-degrees C [0.10] [0.15] [0.20] [0.25] [0.30] [0.40] [0.45]
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 43
Btu/hr-square foot-degree F.
2.10
THERMAL INSULATION MATERIALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when thermal insulation
materials are not required. Location of the
curtain-wall system to be insulated, type of thermal
insulation material to be used, and the nominal
thickness of the insulation material must be
indicated. Select the appropriate insulation
system(s) Section Reference and delete those which
are not applicable.
**************************************************************************
Thermal insulation materials are specified in [Section 07 21 16 MINERAL
FIBER BLANKET INSULATION][Section 07 21 13 BOARD AND BLOCK
INSULATION][Section 07 21 23 LOOSE FILL THERMAL INSULATION][Section 07 24 00
EXTERIOR INSULATION AND FINISH SYSTEMS][_____].
2.11
SEALANTS AND CAULKINGS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when sealants and caulkings are
not required for installation of curtain wall.
**************************************************************************
Sealants and caulkings are specified in Section 07 92 00 JOINT SEALANTS.
2.12
CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLATION MATERIALS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the following installation materials
that are not applicable.
Concrete inserts should be used for fastening the
specified work to cast-in-place concrete
construction when the anchorage device will be
subjected to direct pullout loadings. Indicate
concrete inserts on the drawings.
**************************************************************************
2.12.1
Threaded Concrete Inserts
Galvanized ferrous castings with enlarged bases with not less than two
nailing lugs, length as indicated, internally threaded 20 millimeter
3/4-inch diameter machine bolt must conform to ASTM A47/A47M, Grade
[32510] [35018] [Grade 22010] or ASTM A27/A27M, Grade U-60-30, and hot-dip
galvanized in accordance with ASTM A153/A153M.
2.12.2
Wedge Concrete Inserts
Galvanized, box-type, ferrous castings with an integral loop at the back of
the box and designed for 20 millimeter 3/4-inch diameter bolts with
wedge-shaped heads must conform to ASTM A47/A47M, Grade [32510] [35018] or
ASTM A27/A27M, Grade U-60-30, and hot-dip galvanized in accordance with
ASTM A153/A153M.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 44
Carbon steel bolts with wedge-shaped heads, nuts, washers, and shims must
be hot-dip galvanized in accordance with ASTM A153/A153M.
2.12.3
Slotted Concrete Inserts
Galvanized pressed-steel plate, welded construction, box type with a slot
designed for 20 millimeter 3/4-inch diameter square-head bolts to provide
lateral adjustment must be 3 millimeter 1/8-inch minimum thickness,
conforming to ASTM A283/A283M, Grade C, hot-dip galvanized in accordance
with ASTM A123/A123M. Length of the insert body less anchorage lugs must be
155 millimeter 6 inches minimum and provided with a knockout cover.
2.12.4
Masonry Anchorage Devices
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Masonry anchorage devices should be used only
for fastening materials to solid masonry and
concrete-in-place construction when the anchorage
device will not be subjected to direct pullout nor
to vibration. Masonry anchorage devices should be
used only for nonvibratory shear loads such as for
fastening sash-pole hangers, door frames, and door
thresholds.
**************************************************************************
2.12.5
Toggle Bolts
Toggle bolts must be the tumble-wing type.
2.12.6
Steel Bolts, Nuts, and Washers
Bolts must be regular hexagon head, low-carbon steel.
Nuts must be hexagon, regular style, carbon steel.
Plain washers must be round, general-assembly purpose, carbon steel.
Lockwashers must be helical spring, carbon steel.
2.12.7
Machine Screws
Provide screws for concealed work that are corrosion-resistant steel,
slotted or cross-recessed type, roundhead.
Provide screws for exposed-to-view work that are corrosion-resistant steel,
cross-recessed, flathead.
2.12.8
Electrodes for Welding Steel
Electrodes for welding steel by the manual shielded metal arc welding
process must meet the requirements of AWS D1.1/D1.1M and be covered
mild-steel electrodes conforming to AWS A5.1/A5.1M, E60 series.
PART 3
3.1
EXECUTION
GENERAL
Install curtain walls and accessories in accordance with the approved
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 45
drawings and as specified.
3.2
FABRICATION
Provide curtain wall components of the materials and thickness indicated or
specified. The details indicated are representative of the required design
and profiles. Acceptable designs may differ from that shown if the
proposed system components conform to the limiting dimensions indicated and
the requirements specified herein. Unless specifically indicated or
specified otherwise, the methods of fabrication and assembly must be at the
discretion of the curtain wall manufacturer. Perform fitting and
assembling of components in the shop to the maximum extent practicable.
Provide anchorage devices with adjustment capability in three directions.
Exposed fastenings used on finished surfaces must be truss head, flat head,
or oval head screws or bolts.
3.2.1
Joints
Provide welded or mechanical fasteners as indicated or specified. Match
joints in exposed work to produce continuity of line and design. Bed-joints
or rabbets receiving caulking or sealing material must be minimum 20 mm 3/4
inch deep and 10 mm 3/8 inch wide at mid ambient temperature range.
3.2.2
Welding
Conform to AWS D1.1/D1.1M. Use methods and electrodes recommended by
manufacturers of base metal alloys. Provide welding rods of an alloy that
matches the color of the metal being welded. Protect glass and other
finish from exposure to welding spatter. Ground and finish weld beads on
exposed metal surfaces to minimize mismatch and to blend with finish on
adjacent parent metal. If flux is used in welding aluminum, completely
remove it immediately upon completion of welding operations. Do not use
exposed welds on aluminum surfaces.
3.2.3
Soldering and Brazing
Provide as recommended by suppliers.
joints.
3.2.4
Solder only for filling or sealing
Ventilation and Drainage
Provide internal ventilation drainage system of weeps or based on
principles of pressure equalization to ventilate the wall internally and to
discharge condensation and water leakage to exterior as inconspicuously as
possible. Flashings and other materials used internally must be
nonstaining, noncorrosive, and nonbleeding.
3.2.5
3.2.5.1
Protection and Treatment of Metals
General
Remove from metal surfaces lubricants used in fabrication and clean off
other extraneous material before leaving the shop.
3.2.5.2
Galvanic Action
Provide protection against galvanic action wherever dissimilar metals are
in contact, except in the case of aluminum in permanent contact with
galvanized steel, zinc, stainless steel, or relatively small areas of white
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 46
bronze. Paint contact surfaces with one coat bituminous paint or apply
appropriate caulking material or nonabsorptive, noncorrosive, and
nonstaining tape or gasket between contact surfaces.
3.2.5.3
Protection for Aluminum
Protect aluminum which is placed in contact with, built into, or which will
receive drainage from masonry, lime mortar, concrete, or plaster with one
coat of alkali-resistant bituminous paint. Where aluminum is contacted by
absorptive materials subject to repeated wetting or treated with
preservative noncompatible with aluminum, apply two coats of aluminum
paint, to such materials and seal joints with approved caulking compound.
3.3
INSTALLATION
Installation and erection of glazed wall system and all components must be
performed under direct supervision of and in accordance with approved
recommendations and instructions of wall system manufacturer or fabricator.
Any materials that show visual evidence of biological growth due to the
presence of moisture must not be installed on the building project.
3.3.1
Bench Marks and Reference Points
Establish and permanently mark bench marks for elevations and building line
offsets for alignment at convenient points on each floor level. Should any
error or discrepancy be discovered in location of the marks, stop erection
work in that area until discrepancies have been corrected.
3.3.2
Verifying Conditions and Adjacent Surfaces
After establishment of lines and grades and prior to system installation
examine supporting structural elements. Verify governing dimensions,
including floor elevations, floor to floor heights, minimum clearances
between curtain wall and structural frames, and other permissible
dimensional tolerances in the building frame.
3.3.3
Panels
Install panels [in framing member openings] [into framed pre-assembled
units] [_____] using [sealants] [gaskets] [gaskets and sealants] [_____] as
indicated or specified.
3.3.4
Windows
Install windows in accordance with details indicated and approved detail
drawings.
3.3.4.1
Sealing
Seal exterior metal to metal joints between members of windows, frames,
mullions, and mullion covers. Remove excess sealant.
3.3.4.2
Ventilators and Hardware
After installing and glazing windows, adjust ventilators and hardware to
operate smoothly and to be weathertight when ventilators are closed and
locked. Lubricate hardware and moving parts.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 47
3.3.4.3
Weatherstripping
Install to make weathertight contact with frames when ventilators are
closed and locked. Do not cause binding of sash or prevent closing and
locking of ventilator.
Provide for ventilating sections of all windows to insure a weather-tight
seal meeting the infiltration tests specified. Use easily replaceable
factory-applied weatherstripping of manufacturer's stock type. Use molded
vinyl, molded or molded-expanded neoprene for weatherstripping for
compression contact surfaces. For sliding surfaces, use treated woven pile
or wool, polypropylene or nylon pile with nylon fabric and metal or plastic
backing strip weatherstripping. Do not use neoprene or polyvinyl chloride
weatherstripping where they will be exposed to direct sun light.
3.3.5
3.3.5.1
Joint Sealants
Surface Preparation
Surfaces to be primed and sealed must be clean, dry to the touch, free from
frost, moisture, grease, oil, wax, lacquer, paint, or other foreign
matter. Enclose joints on three sides. Clean out grooves to proper depth.
Joint dimensions must conform to approved detail drawings with a tolerance
of plus 3 mm 1/8 inch. Do not apply compound unless ambient temperature is
between 4 and 32 degrees C 40 and 90 degrees F. Clean out loose particles
and mortar just before sealing. Remove protective coatings or coverings
from surfaces in contact with sealants before applying sealants or tapes.
Solvents used to remove coatings must be of type that leave no residue on
metals.
3.3.5.2
Applications
Match approved sample. Force compound into grooves with sufficient
pressure to fill grooves solidly. Sealing compound must be uniformly
smooth and free of wrinkles and, unless indicated otherwise, tooled and
left sufficiently convex to result in a flush joint when dry. Do not trim
edges of sealing material after joints are tooled. Mix only amount of
multi-component sealant which can be installed within four hours, not to
exceed 19 liters 5 gallons at any given time.
3.3.5.3
Primer
Apply to masonry, concrete, wood, and other surfaces as recommended by
sealant manufacturer. Do not apply primer to surfaces which will be
exposed after caulking is completed.
3.3.5.4
Backing
Tightly pack in bottom of joints which are over 13 mm 1/2 inch in depth
with specified backing material to depth indicated or specified. Roll
backing material of hose or rod stock into joints to prevent lengthwise
stretching.
3.3.5.5
Bond Prevention
Install bond preventive material at back or bottom of joint cavities in
which no backstop material is required, covering full width and length of
joint cavities.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 48
3.3.5.6
Protection and Cleaning
Remove compound smears from surfaces of materials adjacent to sealed joints
as the work progresses. Use masking tape on each side of joint where
texture of adjacent material will be difficult to clean. Remove masking
tape immediately after filling joint. Scrape off fresh compound from
adjacent surfaces immediately and rub clean with approved solvent. Upon
completion of caulking and sealing, remove remaining smears, stains, and
other soiling, and leave the work in clean neat condition.
3.3.6
Glass
Install in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations as modified
herein. [Install insulating glass units made with heat absorbing glass
with heat absorbing pane on exterior side.]
3.3.6.1
Inspection of Sash and Frames
Before installing glass, inspect sash and frames to receive glass for
defects such as dimensional variations, glass clearances, open joints, or
other conditions that will prevent satisfactory glass installation. Do not
proceed with installation until defects have been corrected.
3.3.6.2
Preparation of Glass and Rabbets
Clean sealing surfaces at perimeter of glass and sealing surfaces of
rabbets and stop beads before applying glazing compound, sealing compound,
glazing tape, or gaskets. Use only approved solvents and cleaning agents
recommended by compound or gasket manufacturer.
3.3.6.3
Positioning Glass
Set glass from inside the building unless otherwise indicated or specified.
Maintain specified edge clearances and glass bite at perimeter. Maintain
position of glass in rabbet and provide required sealant thickness on both
sides of glass. For glass dimensions larger than 1270 united millimeters
50 united inches, provide setting blocks at sill and spacer shims on all
four sides; locate setting blocks one quarter way in from each jamb edge of
glass. Where setting blocks and spacer shims are set into glazing compound
or sealant, butter with compound or sealant, place in position, and allow
to firmly set prior to installation of glass.
3.3.6.4
Setting Methods
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Select methods applicable to the project
conditions and details. Delete non-applicable
methods. Methods listed are typical for many glass
and sealant manufacturers; other suitable methods
may also be included.
**************************************************************************
Apply glazing compound, glazing sealant, glazing tape, and gaskets
uniformly with accurately formed corners and bevels. Remove excess
compound from glass and sash. Use only recommended thinners, cleaners, and
solvents. Strip surplus compound from both sides of glass and tool at
slight angle to shed water and provide clean sight lines. Secure stop
beads in place with suitable fastenings. Do not apply compound or sealant
at temperatures lower than 4 degrees C 40 degrees F, or on damp, dirty, or
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 49
dusty surfaces. After glazing, fix ventilators in sash so they cannot be
operated until compound or sealant has set.
a.
Use sealant glazing to completely fill channel on edges and on both
sides of glass for [_____].
b.
Use sealant and tape glazing, with glazing sealant for cap bead above
glazing tape against fixed exterior stops and glazing tape full height
against removable interior stops for [_____].
c.
Use sealant and tape glazing, with glazing sealant full height against
removable exterior stops with heel bead or glazing sealant and glazing
tape full height against fixed interior stops for [_____].
d.
Use sealant and tape glazing, with glazing sealant cap beads above
glazing tape against both exterior and interior stops for [_____].
Removable stops may be on either exterior or interior side of glass.
e.
Use tape, sealant, and compound glazing, with glazing tape full height
against fixed exterior stops, glazing compound as a cap bead above heel
bead sealant and against removable interior stops for [_____].
f.
Use tape, sealant, and gasket glazing, with glazing tape full height
against fixed exterior stops, glazing sealant as a heel bead at edge of
glass, and preformed vision strip gasket against removable interior
snap-on stops for [_____].
g.
Use compression gasket glazing, with compression gaskets both sides of
glass and adjustable or snap-on interior stops for [_____].
h.
Use lock-strip gasket glazing, with lock-strip glazing gaskets for
[_____]. Install gaskets in accordance with manufacturer's
instructions using special tools and lubricants. When lock-strip type
gaskets are used for glazing insulating glass units, follow glass
manufacturer's recommendations regarding horizontal wall supports
between vertical units, setting blocks, weep holes, and the use of
supplementary wet sealants.
3.3.6.5
Void Space
Heat absorbing, insulating, spandrel, and tempered glass, and glass of
other types that exceed 2540 united millimeters 100 united inches in size:
Provide void space at head and jamb to allow glass to expand or move
without exuding the sealant.
3.3.6.6
Insulating Glass
Provide adequate means to weep incidental water and condensation away from
the sealed edges of insulated glass units and out of the wall system. The
weeping of lock-strip gaskets must be in accordance with the recommendation
of the glass manufacturer.
3.3.6.7
Insulating Glass With Edge Bands
Insulating glass with flared metal edge bands set in lock-strip type
gaskets: Follow glass manufacturer's recommendations and add supplementary
wet seal as required; when used with glazing tape, use tapered tape.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 50
3.3.7
Firestopping
Provide firestopping [, where indicated,] in openings between wall system
and floor at each story to prevent passage of flame and hot gases from
floor to floor under extended fire exposure. Installed fire stopping must
remain in place under extended fire exposure despite distortions that may
occur in wall system components. Securely attach anchoring or containment
devices to building structure and not to wall system. Place [concrete]
[mineral fiber] [_____] on [steel plates attached to bottom of floor slab]
[impaling chips embedded in edge of floor slab] [_____].
3.3.8
Field Applied Insulation
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where project specifications do not include a
separate section for field applied insulation, add
here and delete cross-reference to other section.
Where field applied insulation is specified in
another section, keep cross-reference and coordinate
fire rating and U-value with the other section. See
paragraph entitled "Fire Resistance Tests" for fire
rating requirements of insulation.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title
in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.
**************************************************************************
Provide insulation with minimum R-value of [_____], on clean, dry, properly
prepared surfaces of [masonry] [concrete] [_____] back-up wall in
accordance with [_____] INSULATION using approved accessories and methods
as recommended by insulation manufacturer unless indicated or specified
otherwise. Cover and protect each day's application until protection is
provided by completed work.
3.4
FINISHES
3.4.1
Galvanizing
Conform to ASTM A123/A123M, ASTM A153/A153M, and ASTM A653/A653M, as
applicable.
3.4.1.1
Repair of Zinc-Coated Surfaces
Repair zinc coated surfaces damaged by welding or other means with
galvanizing repair paint or by application of stick or thick paste material
specifically designed for repair of galvanizing, as approved.
3.4.2
3.4.2.1
Shop Cleaning and Painting
Cleaning
Clean steel and iron work by power wire brushing or other approved manual
or mechanical means, for removal of rust, loose paint, scale, and
deleterious substances. Wash cleaned surfaces which become contaminated
with rust, dirt, oil, grease, or other foreign matter, with solvents until
thoroughly clean. Cleaning steel embedded in concrete is not required.
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 51
3.4.2.2
Painting Steel or Iron Surfaces
[Apply one coat of primer.] [Apply primer to a minimum dry film thickness
of 0.025 mm 1.0 mil.] Apply additional shop coat of specified paint, to
which a small amount of tinting material has been added, on surfaces that
will be concealed in the finished construction or that will not be
accessible for finish painting. Accomplish painting in dry weather or under
cover, and on steel or iron surfaces that are free from moisture and
frost. Do not paint surfaces of items to be embedded in concrete. Recoat
damaged surfaces upon completion of work. Prime coat steel immediately
after cleaning. Do not apply bituminous protective coatings to items to be
finish painted.
3.4.2.3
Painting Weathering Steel
Clean and paint surfaces which will not be exposed to the weather with one
shop or field coat of specified primer, or other approved rust-inhibitive
primer. Clean and strip-paint weathering steel contact surface to be
covered by structural or compression gaskets or sealants with one coat to
insure positive seal.
3.5
FIELD TESTS
Conduct field check test for water leakage on designated wall areas after
erection. Conduct test on [two] [_____] wall areas, two bays wide by two
stories high where directed. Conduct test and take necessary remedial
action as described in AAMA 501.1.
3.6
3.6.1
CLEANING AND PROTECTION
General
At the completion of the installation, clean the work to remove mastic
smears and other foreign materials.
3.6.2
Glass
Upon completion of wall system installation, thoroughly wash glass surfaces
on both sides and remove labels, paint spots, putty, compounds, and other
defacements. Replace cracked, broken, and defective glass with new glass
at no additional cost to the Government.
3.6.3
Aluminum Surfaces
Protection methods, cleaning, and maintenance must be in accordance with
AAMA 609 & 610.
3.6.4
Other Metal Surfaces
After installation, protect windows, panels, and other exposed surfaces
from disfiguration, contamination, contact with harmful materials, and from
other construction hazards that will interfere with their operation, or
damage their appearance or finish. Protection methods must be in
accordance with recommendations of product manufacturers or of the
respective trade association. Remove paper or tape factory applied
protection immediately after installation. Clean surfaces of mortar,
plaster, paint, smears of sealants, and other foreign matter to present
neat appearance and prevent fouling of operation. In addition, wash with a
stiff fiber brush, soap and water, and thoroughly rinse. Where surfaces
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 52
become stained or discolored, clean or restore finish in accordance with
recommendations of product manufacturer or the respective trade association.
3.6.5
Porcelain-Enamel Surfaces
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when porcelain-enamel faced
panels are not required.
**************************************************************************
Wash surfaces with clean water and soap and rinsed with clean water.
not use acid solutions, steel wool, or other harsh abrasives.
3.7
Do
SCHEDULE
Some metric measurements in this section are based on mathematical
conversion of inch-pound measurements, and not on metric measurement
commonly agreed to by the manufacturers or other parties. The inch-pound
and metric measurements are as follows:
PRODUCTS
INCH-POUND
METRIC
Glass
1/4 inch
6 mm
3.8
MATERIALS EMBEDDED IN OTHER CONSTRUCTION
Install materials to be embedded in cast-in-place concrete and masonry
prior to the installation of the curtain wall. Provide setting drawings,
templates, and instructions for installation.
3.9
FASTENING TO CONSTRUCTION-IN-PLACE
Provide anchorage devices and fasteners for fastening work to
construction-in-place. Provide fasteners as specified.
3.10
SETTING MASONRY ANCHORAGE DEVICES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when masonry anchorage devices
are not required (such as for securing sash-pole
hangers, door frames, and door thresholds).
**************************************************************************
Set devices in masonry or concrete-in-place construction in accordance with
the manufacturer's printed instructions. Leave drilled holes rough and
free of drill dust.
3.11
FIELD-WELDING STEEL AND TOUCHUP PAINTING
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraphs when field-welding of steel is
not required.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 53
Procedures of manual shielded metal arc welding, the appearance and quality
of the welds made, and the methods used in correcting welding work must
conform to AWS D1.1/D1.1M.
After completion of welding, clean and paint field welds and scarred
surfaces on steel work and on adjacent ferrous-metal surfaces. Paint must
be the same as that used for shop painting.
3.12
INSTALLATION TOLERANCES
Install curtain walls within the following tolerances:
Deviation in location from that indicated on the
drawings
Plus or minus 6 millimeter
Deviation from the plumb or horizontal
In 3660 millimeter of length
Not more than 3 millimeter
In any total length
Not more than 15 millimeter
Offset from true alignment at joints between
abutting members in line
Not more than 1 millimeter
Deviation in location from that indicated on the
drawings
Plus or minus 1/4 inch
Deviation from the plumb or horizontal
In 12 feet of length
Not more than 1/8 inch
In any total length
Not more than 1/2 inch
Offset from true alignment at joints between
abutting members in line
Not more than 1/16 inch
3.13
PLACING CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS
Install members plumb, level, and within the limits of the installation
tolerances specified.
Connect members to building framing. Provide supporting brackets
adjustments for the accurate location of curtain-wall components.
Adjustable connections must be rigidly fixed after members have been
positioned.
3.14
PANEL INSTALLATION
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the
following paragraph when panels are not required.
**************************************************************************
Panels must be set with a glazing-tape back bed, two-component elastomeric
sealing-compound heel bead, glazing-tape bedding of the stop, and
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 54
two-component elastomeric sealing-compound topping bead on both sides of
the panel. Face and edge clearances must not be less than 3 millimeter 1/8
inch. Remove excess sealing compound on both sides of the curtain wall
opening with a glazing knife at a slight angle over the rabbet leg or
applied stop. Install applied stops on the exterior side of the curtain
wall and secured with screws.
3.15
3.15.1
INSPECTION AND ACCEPTANCE PROVISIONS
Finished Curtain-Wall System Requirements
Curtain-wall work must be rejected for any of the following deficiencies:
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete any of the following paragraphs that
are not applicable.
**************************************************************************
Finish of exposed-to-view aluminum having color and appearance that are
outside the color and appearance range of the approved samples.
Installed curtain-wall components having stained, discolored, abraded, or
otherwise damaged exposed-to-view surfaces that cannot be cleaned or
repaired.
Aluminum surfaces in contact with dissimilar materials that are not
protected as specified.
3.15.2
Repair of Defective Work
Remove and replace defective work with curtain-wall materials that meet the
specifications at no expense to the Government.
-- End of Section --
SECTION 08 44 00
Page 55
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