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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA UFGS-08 44 00 (August 2011)

Change 1 - 08/15

---------------------------

Preparing Activity: NAVFAC Superseding

UFGS-08 44 00 (May 2011)

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS

References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016

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SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS

DIVISION 08 - OPENINGS

SECTION 08 44 00

CURTAIN WALL AND GLAZED ASSEMBLIES

08/11

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES

1.2 SUBMITTALS

1.3 REQUIREMENT FOR DESIGN DATA

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE

1.4.1 Testing Requirements

1.4.2 Mockup

1.4.2.1 Construction

1.4.2.2 Performance Test

1.4.2.3 Approved Mock-Up

1.4.3 Factory Tests

1.4.3.1 Deflection and Structural Tests

1.4.3.2 Water Penetration Test

1.4.3.3 Air Infiltration Test

1.4.3.4 Delamination Test

1.4.3.5 Thermal Conductance Tests

1.4.3.6 Window Tests

1.4.3.7 Fire Resistance Tests

1.4.3.8 Sound Transmission Loss Test

1.5 GLAZED CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

1.5.1 Source

1.5.2 Design

1.5.3 Thermal Movement

1.5.4 Tolerances

1.5.5 Structural Requirements

1.5.6 Seismic Calculations

1.6 QUALIFICATION OF WELDERS

1.7 DELIVERY AND STORAGE

1.7.1 Protective Covering

1.7.2 Identification

1.8 WARRANTY

1.8.1 Sample Warranties

1.9 INTERPRETATION OF AWS CODE

1.10 QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLER

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 1

1.11 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

1.11.1 Allowable Design Stresses

1.11.2 Design Wind Load

1.11.3 Structural Capacity

1.11.4 Provisions for Thermal Movement

1.12 DRAWINGS

1.13 MANUFACTURER'S INFORMATION

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA

2.1.1 Recycled content of Aluminum Doors and Frames

2.1.2 Recycled content of Aluminum Curtain-wall Framing Members

2.1.3 Recycled Content of Aluminum Windows

2.2 MATERIALS

2.2.1 Aluminum

2.2.1.1 Wrought Aluminum Alloys

2.2.1.2 Cast Aluminum Alloys

2.2.1.3 Welding Rods and Electrodes

2.2.1.4 Finish

2.2.1.5 Strength

2.2.2 Bronze

2.2.3 Copper

2.2.4 Carbon Steel

2.2.5 Stainless Steel

2.2.6 Weathering High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel

2.2.7 High-Strength, Low-Alloy Steel

2.2.8 Metal Fasteners

2.2.9 Porcelain Enamel

2.2.10 Joint Sealants and Accessories

2.2.10.1 Elastomeric, Single or Multiple Component

2.2.10.2 Single Component Silicone Rubber Base

2.2.10.3 Solvents and Primers

2.2.10.4 Backing Material

2.2.10.5 Bond Preventive Materials

2.2.10.6 Preformed Sealing Compound

2.2.11 Glass and Glazing

2.2.11.1 Glass Sizes and Clearances

2.2.11.2 Clear Primary Float Glass

2.2.11.3 Heat-Absorbing Glass

2.2.11.4 Insulating Glass

2.2.11.5 Spandrel Glass [With Adhered Backing]

2.2.11.6 Glass Setting Materials

2.2.12 Firestopping Material

2.2.13 Tempered Hardboard

2.2.14 Screens

2.2.15 Paint and Finishes

2.2.15.1 Primer

2.2.16 Panels

2.2.16.1 Metal Facing Panels, Single Thickness

2.2.16.2 Adhesively Bonded Panels

2.2.16.3 Nonmetallic Panels

2.2.17 Metal Windows

2.2.17.1 Frames

2.2.17.2 Operating Windows

2.2.17.3 Window Construction

2.2.18 Insect Screens

2.2.19 Metal Accessories

2.3 METALS FOR FABRICATION

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 2

2.3.1 Aluminum-Alloy Extrusions

2.3.2 Aluminum-Alloy Sheets and Plates

2.3.3 Structural Steel

2.3.4 Metals for Fasteners

2.4 NONSKINNING SEALING COMPOUND

2.5 FABRICATION

2.5.1 Workmanship

2.5.2 Shop-Painting Aluminum

2.5.3 Shop-Painting Steel

2.5.4 Depth of Glazing Rabbets

2.5.5 Finish

2.6 CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS

2.6.1 General

2.6.2 Construction

2.7 ALUMINUM DOORS AND FRAMES

2.8 METAL ACCESSORIES

2.8.1 Sills

2.8.2 Coping

2.8.3 Exterior Architectural Louvers

2.9 PANELS

2.9.1 Panel Type

2.9.2 Exterior Metal Facing

2.9.3 Facing Backing

2.9.4 Core Insulation

2.9.5 Interior Metal Facing

2.9.6 Panel Fabrication

2.10 THERMAL INSULATION MATERIALS

2.11 SEALANTS AND CAULKINGS

2.12 CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLATION MATERIALS

2.12.1 Threaded Concrete Inserts

2.12.2 Wedge Concrete Inserts

2.12.3 Slotted Concrete Inserts

2.12.4 Masonry Anchorage Devices

2.12.5 Toggle Bolts

2.12.6 Steel Bolts, Nuts, and Washers

2.12.7 Machine Screws

2.12.8 Electrodes for Welding Steel

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 GENERAL

3.2 FABRICATION

3.2.1 Joints

3.2.2 Welding

3.2.3 Soldering and Brazing

3.2.4 Ventilation and Drainage

3.2.5 Protection and Treatment of Metals

3.2.5.1 General

3.2.5.2 Galvanic Action

3.2.5.3 Protection for Aluminum

3.3 INSTALLATION

3.3.1 Bench Marks and Reference Points

3.3.2 Verifying Conditions and Adjacent Surfaces

3.3.3 Panels

3.3.4 Windows

3.3.4.1 Sealing

3.3.4.2 Ventilators and Hardware

3.3.4.3 Weatherstripping

3.3.5 Joint Sealants

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 3

3.3.5.1 Surface Preparation

3.3.5.2 Applications

3.3.5.3 Primer

3.3.5.4 Backing

3.3.5.5 Bond Prevention

3.3.5.6 Protection and Cleaning

3.3.6 Glass

3.3.6.1 Inspection of Sash and Frames

3.3.6.2 Preparation of Glass and Rabbets

3.3.6.3 Positioning Glass

3.3.6.4 Setting Methods

3.3.6.5 Void Space

3.3.6.6 Insulating Glass

3.3.6.7 Insulating Glass With Edge Bands

3.3.7 Firestopping

3.3.8 Field Applied Insulation

3.4 FINISHES

3.4.1 Galvanizing

3.4.1.1 Repair of Zinc-Coated Surfaces

3.4.2 Shop Cleaning and Painting

3.4.2.1 Cleaning

3.4.2.2 Painting Steel or Iron Surfaces

3.4.2.3 Painting Weathering Steel

3.5 FIELD TESTS

3.6 CLEANING AND PROTECTION

3.6.1 General

3.6.2 Glass

3.6.3 Aluminum Surfaces

3.6.4 Other Metal Surfaces

3.6.5 Porcelain-Enamel Surfaces

3.7 SCHEDULE

3.8 MATERIALS EMBEDDED IN OTHER CONSTRUCTION

3.9 FASTENING TO CONSTRUCTION-IN-PLACE

3.10 SETTING MASONRY ANCHORAGE DEVICES

3.11 FIELD-WELDING STEEL AND TOUCHUP PAINTING

3.12 INSTALLATION TOLERANCES

3.13 PLACING CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS

3.14 PANEL INSTALLATION

3.15 INSPECTION AND ACCEPTANCE PROVISIONS

3.15.1 Finished Curtain-Wall System Requirements

3.15.2 Repair of Defective Work

-- End of Section Table of Contents --

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 4

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USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA UFGS-08 44 00 (August 2011)

Change 1 - 08/15

---------------------------

Preparing Activity: NAVFAC Superseding

UFGS-08 44 00 (May 2011)

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS

References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016

**************************************************************************

SECTION 08 44 00

CURTAIN WALL AND GLAZED ASSEMBLIES

08/11

**************************************************************************

NOTE: This guide specification covers the requirements for complete glazed curtain wall system exclusive of doors, entrances, and store fronts, commercial aluminum curtain walls designed to accommodate fixed-glass lights, window sashes, panels, louvers, and other curtain-wall accessories.

Curtain-wall systems may be classified by visual characteristics as follows:

Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide

Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing this guide specification or preparing new project specification sections. Edit this guide specification for project specific requirements by adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed items, choose applicable items(s) or insert appropriate information.

Remove information and requirements not required in respective project, whether or not brackets are present.

Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for this guide specification are welcome and should be

submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).

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Curtain-wall systems may be classified by visual characteristics as follows:

1. Mullion type has dominant vertical lines.

Vertical mullions are usually 45 millimeter 1-3/4 inches or more wide and usually extend 100 millimeter

4 inches or more beyond the exterior face of the curtain wall. Mullions are usually not more than

1525 millimeter 5 feet on center.

2. Grid type has equally dominant vertical and horizontal lines. Vertical and horizontal mullions are usually 45 millimeter 1-3/4 inches or more wide

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 5

7. Field-applied thermal-insulation systems showing the location, method of attachment, nominal thickness, and name of insulation

8 Joints to be sealed with field-applied sealing compound showing the kind of materials that will be in contact with the sealing compound; locations, dimensions of joints, name of backup material, and name of sealing compound, for each type of sealing compound

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES

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NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the publications cited in the text of the guide specification. The publications are referred to in the text by basic designation only and listed in this paragraph by organization, designation, date, and title.

Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature when you add a RID outside of the Section's

Reference Article to automatically place the reference in the Reference Article. Also use the

Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update the issue dates.

References not used in the text will automatically be deleted from this section of the project specification when you choose to reconcile references in the publish print process.

**************************************************************************

The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the basic designation only.

AA ADM

AA ASD1

ALUMINUM ASSOCIATION (AA)

(2015) Aluminum Design Manual

(2013) Aluminum Standards and Data

AA DAF45 (2003; Reaffirmed 2009) Designation System for Aluminum Finishes

AMERICAN ARCHITECTURAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (AAMA)

AAMA 501.1

(2005) Standard Test Method for Water

Penetration of Windows, Curtain Walls and

Doors Using Dynamic Pressure

AAMA 501.4 & 501.6

(2009) Recommended Static Test Method for

Evaluating Curtain Wall and Storefront

Systems Subjected to Seismic and Wind

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 7

7. Field-applied thermal-insulation systems showing the location, method of attachment, nominal thickness, and name of insulation

8 Joints to be sealed with field-applied sealing compound showing the kind of materials that will be in contact with the sealing compound; locations, dimensions of joints, name of backup material, and name of sealing compound, for each type of sealing compound

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES

**************************************************************************

NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the publications cited in the text of the guide specification. The publications are referred to in the text by basic designation only and listed in this paragraph by organization, designation, date, and title.

Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature when you add a RID outside of the Section's

Reference Article to automatically place the reference in the Reference Article. Also use the

Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update the issue dates.

References not used in the text will automatically be deleted from this section of the project specification when you choose to reconcile references in the publish print process.

**************************************************************************

The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the basic designation only.

AA ADM

AA ASD1

ALUMINUM ASSOCIATION (AA)

(2015) Aluminum Design Manual

(2013) Aluminum Standards and Data

AA DAF45 (2003; Reaffirmed 2009) Designation System for Aluminum Finishes

AMERICAN ARCHITECTURAL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (AAMA)

AAMA 501.1

(2005) Standard Test Method for Water

Penetration of Windows, Curtain Walls and

Doors Using Dynamic Pressure

AAMA 501.4 & 501.6

(2009) Recommended Static Test Method for

Evaluating Curtain Wall and Storefront

Systems Subjected to Seismic and Wind

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 7

AAMA 609 & 610

AAMA 611

AAMA 800

AAMA CW-10

AAMA MCWM-1

AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440

Induced Interstory Drifts & Recommended

Dynamic Test Method for Determining the

Seismic Drift Causing Glass Fallout from a

Wall System

(2009) Cleaning and Maintenance Guide for

Architecturally Finished Aluminum

(1998; R 2004) Voluntary Specification for

Anodized Architectural Aluminum

(2010) Voluntary Specifications and Test

Methods for Sealants

(2004) Care and Handling of Architectural

Aluminum from Shop to Site

(1989) Metal Curtain Wall Manual

(2011) Standard/Specification for Windows,

Doors, and Skylights

AMERICAN HARDBOARD ASSOCIATION (AHA)

AHA A135.4

(1995; R 2004) Basic Hardboard

AMERICAN IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE (AISI)

AISC/AISI 121 (2004) Standard Definitions for Use in the

Design of Steel Structures

AISI SG03-3 (2002; Suppl 2001-2004; R 2008)

Cold-Formed Steel Design Manual Set

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS (ASCE)

ASCE 7

AMERICAN WELDING SOCIETY (AWS)

AWS A5.1/A5.1M

(2012) Specification for Carbon Steel

Electrodes for Shielded Metal Arc Welding

AWS A5.10/A5.10M

(2010; Errata 2011; Supp 1 2013) Minimum

Design Loads for Buildings and Other

Structures

(2012) Welding Consumables - Wire

Electrodes, Wires and Rods for Welding of

Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloys -

Classification

AWS D1.1/D1.1M

(2015) Structural Welding Code - Steel

ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)

ASTM A1008/A1008M (2015) Standard Specification for Steel,

Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Carbon, Structural,

High-Strength Low-Alloy and High-Strength

Low-Alloy with Improved Formability,

Solution Hardened, and Bake Hardened

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 8

ASTM A123/A123M

ASTM A153/A153M

ASTM A167

ASTM A242/A242M

ASTM A27/A27M

ASTM A283/A283M

ASTM A36/A36M

ASTM A424/A424M

ASTM A47/A47M

ASTM A501/A501M

ASTM A572/A572M

ASTM A588/A588M

ASTM A606/A606M

ASTM A653/A653M

ASTM A1011/A1011M (2014) Standard Specification for Steel,

Sheet, and Strip, Hot-Rolled, Carbon,

Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy and

High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved

Formability and Ultra-High Strength

(2013) Standard Specification for Zinc

(Hot-Dip Galvanized) Coatings on Iron and

Steel Products

(2009) Standard Specification for Zinc

Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel

Hardware

(2011) Standard Specification for

Stainless and Heat-Resisting

Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet, and

Strip

(2013) Standard Specification for

High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

(2013) Standard Specification for Steel

Castings, Carbon, for General Application

(2013) Standard Specification for Low and

Intermediate Tensile Strength Carbon Steel

Plates

(2014) Standard Specification for Carbon

Structural Steel

(2009a) Standard Specification for Steel

Sheet for Porcelain Enameling

(1999; R 2014) Standard Specification for

Ferritic Malleable Iron Castings

(2014) Standard Specification for

Hot-Formed Welded and Seamless Carbon

Steel Structural Tubing

(2015) Standard Specification for

High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium

Structural Steel

(2015) Standard Specification for

High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel with 50 ksi (345 MPa) Minimum Yield Point, with Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance

(2009a) Standard Specification for Steel

Sheet and Strip, High-Strength, Low-Alloy,

Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, with Improved

Atmospheric Corrosion Resistance

(2015) Standard Specification for Steel

Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) or

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 9

ASTM B108/B108M

ASTM B136

ASTM B137

ASTM B152/B152M

ASTM B209

ASTM B209M

ASTM B211

ASTM B211M

ASTM B221

ASTM B221M

ASTM B244

ASTM B26/B26M

ASTM B316/B316M

ASTM B85/B85M

ASTM C1036

ASTM C1048

Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

(2015) Standard Specification for

Aluminum-Alloy Permanent Mold Castings

(1984; R 2013) Standard Method for

Measurement of Stain Resistance of Anodic

Coatings on Aluminum

(1995; R 2014) Standard Test Method for

Measurement of Coating Mass Per Unit Area on Anodically Coated Aluminum

(2013) Standard Specification for Copper

Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar

(2014) Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

(2014) Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate (Metric)

(2012) Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and Wire

(2012; E 2012) Standard Specification for

Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Bar, Rod, and

Wire (Metric)

(2014) Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods,

Wire, Profiles, and Tubes

(2013) Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods,

Wire, Profiles, and Tubes (Metric)

(2009; R 2014) Standard Method for

Measurement of Thickness of Anodic

Coatings on Aluminum and of Other

Nonconductive Coatings on Nonmagnetic

Basis Metals with Eddy-Current Instruments

(2014; E 2015) Standard Specification for

Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings

(2010) Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Rivet and Cold-Heading

Wire and Rods

(2014) Standard Specification for

Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings

(2010; E 2012) Standard Specification for

Flat Glass

(2012; E 2012) Standard Specification for

Heat-Treated Flat Glass - Kind HS, Kind FT

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 10

ASTM C1363

ASTM C220

ASTM C481

ASTM C542

ASTM C547

ASTM C552

ASTM C553

ASTM C578

ASTM C591

ASTM C592

ASTM C610

ASTM C612

ASTM C665

ASTM C864

ASTM C920

ASTM D1037

ASTM D1730

Coated and Uncoated Glass

(2011) Standard Test Method for Thermal

Performance of Building Materials and

Envelope Assemblies by Means of a Hot Box

Apparatus

(1991; R 2015) Standard Specification for

Flat Asbestos-Cement Sheets

(1999; R 2011) Standard Test Method

Laboratory Aging of Sandwich Constructions

(2005; R 2011) Lock-Strip Gaskets

(2015) Standard Specification for Mineral

Fiber Pipe Insulation

(2015) Standard Specification for Cellular

Glass Thermal Insulation

(2013) Standard Specification for Mineral

Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for

Commercial and Industrial Applications

(2015b) Standard Specification for Rigid,

Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation

(2015) Standard Specification for Unfaced

Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyisocyanurate

Thermal Insulation

(2013) Standard Specification for Mineral

Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type

Pipe Insulation (Metal-Mesh Covered)

(Industrial Type)

(2015) Standard Specification for Molded

Expanded Perlite Block and Pipe Thermal

Insulation

(2014) Mineral Fiber Block and Board

Thermal Insulation

(2012) Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal

Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing

(2005; R 2015) Dense Elastomeric

Compression Seal Gaskets, Setting Blocks, and Spacers

(2014a) Standard Specification for

Elastomeric Joint Sealants

(2012) Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base

Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

(2009; R 2014) Standard Practices for

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 11

b. Preformed Compression Gaskets and Seals: ASTM C864.

c. Preformed Lock-strip Gaskets: ASTM C542, modified as follows: Heat age specimens seven days at 70 degrees C 158 degrees F, in zipped or locked position under full design compression. Unzip, cool for one hour, re-zip, and test lip seal pressure, which must be minimum 0.045 kilograms per linear millimeter 2.5 pounds per linear inch on any extruded or corner specimen.

d. Spandrel Glass: Fallout resistance test, ASTM C1048.

e. Porcelain Enamel: Acid resistance, color retention, and spall resistance tests, PEI 1001.

f. Anodized Finishes: Stain resistance, coating weight, and coating thickness tests, ASTM B136, ASTM B137, and ASTM B244, respectively.

g. Insulating Glass: ASTM E546 or ASTM E576 at [minus 29 degrees C 20 degrees F] [_____], no frost or dew point.

1.4.2 Mockup

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NOTE: Size of project and system specified will determine whether mock-ups are necessary. Complete information should be given concerning extent, details, and purpose of mock-ups. Where mock-ups have been previously tested for another project or for commercial production, they may serve the purpose. When testing of a mock-up is required, the unit should be erected at a testing laboratory or other location where adequate testing equipment is available.

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1.4.2.1 Construction

Construct at [job site] [manufacturer's plant] [approved testing laboratory] full size typical wall unit which incorporates horizontal and vertical joints, framing, window units, panels, glazing, and other accessories as detailed and specified. Mock-up wall unit size and design must be as indicated.

1.4.2.2 Performance Test

Conduct after approval of visual aspects has been obtained. Finished work must match approved mock-up.

1.4.2.3 Approved Mock-Up

After completion and approval of test results [[transport mock-up to job site and] install, where directed, for reference during construction.]

[Approved mock-up must remain property of the Contractor.]

1.4.3 Factory Tests

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NOTE: The overall performance requirements and

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 16

tests will vary with the design and geographical location of the building as well as with the type of construction and components specified. Only those tests which are necessary to establish compliance with specifications should be included in the project specification. Refer to AAMA Curtain Wall

Manual for detailed testing methods and the recommended minimum performance requirements and safety factors.

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Perform the following tests except that where a curtain wall system or component of similar type, size, and design as specified for this project has been previously tested, under the conditions specified herein, the resulting test reports may be submitted in lieu of testing the components listed below: a. [_____] b. [_____] c. [_____]

1.4.3.1 Deflection and Structural Tests

No curtain wall framing member shall deflect, in a direction normal to the plane of the wall, more than 1/175 of its clear span or 20 mm 3/4 inch, whichever is less, when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M, except that when a plastered surface will be affected the deflection mustl not exceed 1/360 of the span. No framing member shall have a permanent deformation in excess of 0.2 percent of its clear span when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M for a minimum test period of 10 seconds at

1.5 times the design wind pressures specified.

1.4.3.2 Water Penetration Test

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NOTE: The test method of ASTM E331 is that of determining resistance of the curtain wall to water penetration under uniform static air pressure difference. When testing under dynamic conditions is required, AAMA Specification 501.1 should be referenced. The availability of facilities for conducting dynamic testing is very limited and should be checked before specifying this type of test.

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No water penetration shall occur when the wall is tested in accordance with

ASTM E331 at a differential static test pressure of 20 percent of the inward acting design wind pressure as specified, but not less than 0.19 kPa

4 psf. Make provision in the wall construction for adequate drainage to the outside of water leakage or condensation that occurs within the outer face of the wall. Leave drainage and weep openings in members and wall open during test.

1.4.3.3 Air Infiltration Test

Air infiltration through the wall, when tested in accordance with ASTM E283,

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 17

however, all components need not be products of the same manufacturer.

1.5.2 Design

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NOTE: Refer to AAMA Curtain Wall Design Guide

Manual "Testing, Types and Systems" for an explanation of the various curtain wall systems. The systems included in this guide specification are the standard architectural type as opposed to custom type. Generally the custom type of system is more expensive and should only be considered for special projects. When a system other than those listed is required this paragraph must be adjusted accordingly.

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[Stick system] [Unit system] [Unit and mullion system] [[_____] system] with [mullions,] [horizontal rails,] [panels,] [window units,] [screens]

[framed pre-assembled units with [integral] [nonintegral] spandrel panels

[_____]]. Fully coordinate system accessories directly incorporated, and adjacent to contiguous related work and insure materials compatibility, deflection limitations, thermal movements, and clearances and tolerances as indicated or specified.

1.5.3 Thermal Movement

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NOTE: Insert in the brackets below the ambient temperature range appropriate to the geographic location of the project site.

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Fabricate, assemble, and erect system with adequate allowances for expansion and contraction of components and fastenings to prevent buckling damage, joint seal failure, glass breakage, undue stress on fastenings or other detrimental effects. For design purposes, base provisions for thermal movement on assumed ambient temperature range of from [_____] degrees C F to [_____] degrees C F.

1.5.4 Tolerances

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NOTE: The finished wall system requires the coordination and efforts of many different manufacturers, suppliers, and construction trades.

Contractor submittal requirements must include sufficient detail to insure coordination between them.

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Design and erect wall system to accommodate tolerances in building frame and other contiguous work as indicated or specified. Provide with the following tolerances: a. Maximum variation from plane or location shown on approved shop drawings: one millimeter per 12 meters 1/8 inch per 12 feet of length up to not more than 13 mm 1/2 inch in any total length.

b. Maximum offset from true alignment between two identical members

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 20

abutting end to end in line: 2 mm 1/16 inch.

1.5.5 Structural Requirements

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NOTE: When mullions are used to support window cleaning rigs, the loads on the mullion members created by the rigs must be considered in the mullion design and the appropriate figures listed in blank spaces.

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Members may not deflect in a direction parallel to the plane of the wall, when carrying its full design load, more than an amount which will reduce the edge cover or glass bite below 75 percent of the design dimension.

After deflection under full design load, members may not have a clearance between itself and the top of the panel, glass, sash, or other part immediately below it less than 3 mm 1/8 inch. The clearance between the member and an operable window or door must be minimum 2 mm 1/16 inch.

[Design system members serving as guide rails for window cleaning equipment to carry mid-span concentrated load of [_____] kilograms pounds normal to plane of wall and [_____] kilograms pounds applied horizontally, parallel to wall plane without deflection which would affect adjacent surfaces.]

Design entire system to withstand the indicated wind and concentrated loads, and the following wind loads acting normal to the plane of the wall: a. On the first [_____] stories above grade [_____] kPa psf acting inward, and the same load acting outward.

b. On the next [_____] stories above grade [_____] kPa psf acting inward, and the same load acting outward.

c. On corner areas, extending [_____] meters feet from the building corners on the [_____] stories, on all facades, the outward-acting

(negative) design load must be increased to [_____] kilopascals pounds per square foot.

[1.5.6 Seismic Calculations

When tested to AAMA 501.4 & 501.6, system must meet design displacement of

0.010 times the story height and ultimate displacement of 1.5 times the design displacement. Provide with the following tolerances: a. Phase I: 3 stroke cycles using .005 times the story height - no damage or failure.

b. Phase II: 3 stroke cycles using .010 times the story height - no damage or failure.

]1.6 QUALIFICATION OF WELDERS

Welding must be performed by certified welders qualified in accordance with

AWS D1.1/D1.1M using procedures, materials, and equipment of the type required for the work.

1.7 DELIVERY AND STORAGE

Inspect materials delivered to the site for damage; unload and store with a minimum of handling in accordance with recommendations contained in

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 21

b. Preformed Compression Gaskets and Seals: ASTM C864.

c. Preformed Lock-strip Gaskets: ASTM C542, modified as follows: Heat age specimens seven days at 70 degrees C 158 degrees F, in zipped or locked position under full design compression. Unzip, cool for one hour, re-zip, and test lip seal pressure, which must be minimum 0.045 kilograms per linear millimeter 2.5 pounds per linear inch on any extruded or corner specimen.

d. Spandrel Glass: Fallout resistance test, ASTM C1048.

e. Porcelain Enamel: Acid resistance, color retention, and spall resistance tests, PEI 1001.

f. Anodized Finishes: Stain resistance, coating weight, and coating thickness tests, ASTM B136, ASTM B137, and ASTM B244, respectively.

g. Insulating Glass: ASTM E546 or ASTM E576 at [minus 29 degrees C 20 degrees F] [_____], no frost or dew point.

1.4.2 Mockup

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Size of project and system specified will determine whether mock-ups are necessary. Complete information should be given concerning extent, details, and purpose of mock-ups. Where mock-ups have been previously tested for another project or for commercial production, they may serve the purpose. When testing of a mock-up is required, the unit should be erected at a testing laboratory or other location where adequate testing equipment is available.

**************************************************************************

1.4.2.1 Construction

Construct at [job site] [manufacturer's plant] [approved testing laboratory] full size typical wall unit which incorporates horizontal and vertical joints, framing, window units, panels, glazing, and other accessories as detailed and specified. Mock-up wall unit size and design must be as indicated.

1.4.2.2 Performance Test

Conduct after approval of visual aspects has been obtained. Finished work must match approved mock-up.

1.4.2.3 Approved Mock-Up

After completion and approval of test results [[transport mock-up to job site and] install, where directed, for reference during construction.]

[Approved mock-up must remain property of the Contractor.]

1.4.3 Factory Tests

**************************************************************************

NOTE: The overall performance requirements and

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 16

tests will vary with the design and geographical location of the building as well as with the type of construction and components specified. Only those tests which are necessary to establish compliance with specifications should be included in the project specification. Refer to AAMA Curtain Wall

Manual for detailed testing methods and the recommended minimum performance requirements and safety factors.

**************************************************************************

Perform the following tests except that where a curtain wall system or component of similar type, size, and design as specified for this project has been previously tested, under the conditions specified herein, the resulting test reports may be submitted in lieu of testing the components listed below: a. [_____] b. [_____] c. [_____]

1.4.3.1 Deflection and Structural Tests

No curtain wall framing member shall deflect, in a direction normal to the plane of the wall, more than 1/175 of its clear span or 20 mm 3/4 inch, whichever is less, when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M, except that when a plastered surface will be affected the deflection mustl not exceed 1/360 of the span. No framing member shall have a permanent deformation in excess of 0.2 percent of its clear span when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M for a minimum test period of 10 seconds at

1.5 times the design wind pressures specified.

1.4.3.2 Water Penetration Test

**************************************************************************

NOTE: The test method of ASTM E331 is that of determining resistance of the curtain wall to water penetration under uniform static air pressure difference. When testing under dynamic conditions is required, AAMA Specification 501.1 should be referenced. The availability of facilities for conducting dynamic testing is very limited and should be checked before specifying this type of test.

**************************************************************************

No water penetration shall occur when the wall is tested in accordance with

ASTM E331 at a differential static test pressure of 20 percent of the inward acting design wind pressure as specified, but not less than 0.19 kPa

4 psf. Make provision in the wall construction for adequate drainage to the outside of water leakage or condensation that occurs within the outer face of the wall. Leave drainage and weep openings in members and wall open during test.

1.4.3.3 Air Infiltration Test

Air infiltration through the wall, when tested in accordance with ASTM E283,

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 17

must not exceed 0.005 cms per sq. m 0.06 cfm per square foot of fixed wall area, plus the permissible allowance specified for operable windows within the test area.

1.4.3.4 Delamination Test

Adhesively bonded metal-faced [[_____] faced] panels must show no evidence of delamination, warpage or other deterioration or damage when subjected to the six "Accelerated Aging Cycles" specified in ASTM D1037.

1.4.3.5 Thermal Conductance Tests

The thermal transmittance of opaque panels must not exceed specified

U-value, when tested in accordance with ASTM C1363. The average calculated thermal transmittance of the complete wall assembly including panels, windows, and all other components must not exceed a U-value of [_____].

Determine U-values of components in accordance with ASTM C1363.

1.4.3.6 Window Tests

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.

**************************************************************************

Windows must meet the requirements specified in [_____] except where the requirements of this section differ, this section governs. Provide windows that meet the same requirements for deflection and structural adequacy as specified for framing members when tested in accordance with ASTM E330/E330M, except permanent deformation must not exceed 0.4 percent; there must be no glass breakage, and no permanent damage to fasteners, anchors, hardware, or operating devices. Provide windows that have no water penetration when tested in accordance with ASTM E331.

1.4.3.7 Fire Resistance Tests

**************************************************************************

NOTE: The exception to the smoke developed requirement as given in this paragraph does not apply to hospitals and confinement (correctional) facilities; insulation for these facilities must have a smoke developed rating not exceeding 150.

**************************************************************************

Insulation [provided in the curtain wall system] [field applied in conjunction with the curtain wall system] must have a flame spread rating not exceeding 75 and a smoke developed rating not exceeding 150 when tested in accordance with ASTM E84, except as specified otherwise herein.

a. Insulation: Insulation [contained entirely within panel assemblies which meets the flame spread and smoke developed ratings of 75 and 150 respectively] [isolated from the building interior by masonry walls, masonry cavity walls, or encased in masonry cores] is not required to comply with the flame spread and smoke developed ratings specified.

b. Curtain Wall Systems: Material for firestopping the opening between the edge of the floor slab and back of the curtain wall system, must not have less than the flame spread and smoke developed ratings specified for insulation which is neither isolated from the building

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 18

interior nor encased in masonry cores.

c. Curtain Wall Panels: Provide panels for fire resistive curtain walls that have a fire resistive rating of [_____] hours when tested in accordance with ASTM E119.

d. Firestopping Materials and Devices: Firestopping material and attachment devices must be an effective barrier against the spread of fire, smoke, and gases for a period of [_____] hours when exposed to the conditions of the standard ASTM E119time-temperature curve for a period equivalent to the fire rating of the floor system and must also be rated noncombustible when tested in accordance with ASTM E136.

1.4.3.8 Sound Transmission Loss Test

Sound transmission loss (TL) of the wall must be less than [_____] db, when tested in accordance with ASTM E90 for the frequency range from [125]

[_____] to [400] [_____] Hz.

1.5 GLAZED CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: This specification is intended for use with glazed curtain walls for low rise buildings and multi-story buildings. Since aluminum shapes are usually extruded and most other metal shapes are rolled-formed or brake-formed, the project drawings and details must show the materials and shapes desired. Requests to the Contractor for alternate bids is not allowed. The Contractor is not allowed to substitute one metal for another unless complete details are shown for each type of metal components permitted.

Design must meet the requirements of UFC 1-200-02,

"High Performance and Sustainable Building

Requirements" which invokes the requirements within

UFC 3-101-01, "Architecture". UFC 1-200-02 and UFC

3-101-01 make references throughout to various

ASHRAE documents governing energy efficiency and requirements for the components of building envelope design including misture control, thermal performance, fenestrations and glazing.

For further guidance and information on the design of Curtain Walls for moisture control, thermal comfort, energy savings, and sustainability, see the

"Whole Building Design Guide, Building Envelope

Design Guide - Curtain Walls".

**************************************************************************

Provide system complete with framing, mullions, trim, [framed pre-assembled units,] panels, windows, glass, glazing, sealants, insulation, fasteners, anchors, accessories, concealed auxiliary members, and attachment devices for securing the wall to the structure as specified or indicated.

1.5.1 Source

Furnish curtain wall system components by one manufacturer or fabricator;

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 19

the NAAMM AMP 500. Aluminum used for framing must have a color anodized finish designation AA-MIO-C22-A34 and AA-MIOC22-A44, meeting the requirements of AAMA 611.

2.2.1.5 Strength

Aluminum extrusions for framing members used in curtain walls and main frame and sash or ventilator members in windows must have a minimum ultimate tensile strength of 152 MPa 22,000 psi and a minimum yield strength of 110 MPa 16,000 psi.

2.2.2 Bronze

Bronze sheets, tubes, and drawn shapes must be commercial bronze, alloy No.

220. Extruded shapes must be architectural bronze, alloy No. 385. Rolled or drawn rods must be [commercial bronze, alloy No. 220] [or]

[architectural bronze, alloy No. 385]. Bronze used for [_____] must have a

[_____] finish.

2.2.3 Copper

Conform to ASTM B152/B152M, hot or cold-rolled of the temper suitable for the respective forming operations.

2.2.4 Carbon Steel

Conform to the following specifications: a. Rolled shapes, plates, and bars: ASTM A36/A36M.

b. Galvanized sheets: ASTM A653/A653M.

c. Sheets for porcelain enameling: ASTM A424/A424M.

d. Other sheets: ASTM A1011/A1011M or ASTM A1008/A1008M.

2.2.5 Stainless Steel

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Type 316 stainless steel offers additional corrosion resistance through the addition of molybdenum. It is often recommended for use in salty or highly corrosive atmospheres. Since its cost is greater than Types 302 or 304, Type 316 should be specified only when the project requirements justify the additional cost.

**************************************************************************

Conform to ASTM A167, Type 302 or 304, and finish in accordance with the

NAAMM AMP 500 conform to Metal Finishes Manual as follows: a. Concealed flashings: Dead soft fully annealed, [2 D finish] [[_____] finish].

b. Exposed work: [No. 4 finish] [[_____] finish] to match approved sample.

2.2.6 Weathering High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel

**************************************************************************

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 28

is desirable to limit sealant types, revised text accordingly.

**************************************************************************

Provide manufacturer's standard colors to closely match adjacent surfaces.

For interior application of joint sealants comply with applicable regulations regarding reduced VOC's as specified in Section 07 92 00 JOINT

SEALANTS.

2.2.10.1 Elastomeric, Single or Multiple Component

ASTM C920, [Type S, single component] [Type M, multiple component]. Use

Grade NS, nonsag type in joints on vertical surfaces and use Grade P, self-leveling or flow type, in joints on horizontal surfaces.

2.2.10.2 Single Component Silicone Rubber Base

ASTM C920, Type S, Grade NS (Silicone).

2.2.10.3 Solvents and Primers

Provide material which is quick drying, colorless, nonstaining, compatible with compound used, as recommended by sealant manufacturer. Where primer is specified or recommended by sealant manufacturer, tests related to that material must include primer.

2.2.10.4 Backing Material

Provide material which is nonstaining, nonabsorbent, and compatible with sealing compound. Closed cell resilient urethane, polyvinylchloride or polyethylene foam; closed-cell sponge of vinyl or rubber; closed cell neoprene or butyl rod; or polychloroprene tubes or beads.

2.2.10.5 Bond Preventive Materials

Provide polyethylene tape with pressure-sensitive adhesive; aluminum foil or waxed paper.

2.2.10.6 Preformed Sealing Compound

Provide nonskinning type conforming to AAMA 800. Tapes, beads, ribbons or other shapes as required.

2.2.11 Glass and Glazing

[Materials are specified under Section 08 81 00 GLAZING.] [Conform to

ASTM C1036, except ASTM C1048 for spandrel glass. All glazing material must be certified as meeting 16 CFR 1201.]

2.2.11.1 Glass Sizes and Clearances

Sizes indicated are nominal. Verify actual sizes required by measuring frames. Coordinate dimensions for glass and glass holding members to meet applicable minimum clearances as recommended by glass manufacturer. Do not nip to remove flares or to reduce oversized dimensions.

2.2.11.2 Clear Primary Float Glass

Provide Type I, Class I, quality q3, [6 mm1/4 inch thick] [_____].

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 30

2.2.11.3 Heat-Absorbing Glass

Clean cut, Type [I] [II], Class [2], style [A] [B], [_____] in color, thickness [[_____] mm inch] [as indicated].

2.2.11.4 Insulating Glass

Fused glass, banded, or unbanded. Banded type, ASTM E774, Class [A]

[_____] must have perimeter banded or sealed, and encased in a nonferrous metal or stainless steel frame. Unbanded type must have perimeter sealed by manufacturer's standard organic sealant. Do not field cut.

2.2.11.5 Spandrel Glass [With Adhered Backing]

ASTM C1048, kind FT or HS, condition B, Type I, [_____] thickness [[_____] mm inch] [as indicated].

2.2.11.6 Glass Setting Materials a. Sealants and preformed sealing compounds: Must be as specified under paragraph entitled "Joint Sealant and Accessories." b. Preformed compression gaskets and seals: ASTM C864, color [black]

[_____]. Gaskets used for [_____] must have durable compatible, and colorfast coating.

c. Preformed lock-strip type gaskets: ASTM C542, factory formed, color

[black] [_____]. Provide separate filler or locking strips, approximately 10 Shore "A" Durometer points harder than gasket body, and insure permanent and continuous pressure of sealing lips. Butt or miter grooves 45 degrees.

d. Setting blocks, edge blocks, and spacer shims: Fabricate from neoprene or other materials recommended by glass manufacturer compatible with compounds, sealants, or gaskets used. Unless otherwise recommended by the glass manufacturer, shore "A" Durometer hardness for setting and edge blocks must be 90 plus or minus 5; for spacer shims, 50 plus or minus 5.

2.2.12 Firestopping Material

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Refer to AAMA TIR-A3-1975, "Fire Resistive

Design Guidelines for Curtain Wall Assemblies," for other recommended materials and methods used for firestopping the opening between the curtain wall and floor edges.

**************************************************************************

[Portland cement concrete of same design and strength as floor slab] [As specified in Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE] [Mineral fiber manufactured from asbestos-free materials, and conforming to ASTM C612 or

ASTM C665, meeting fire resistance requirements specified].

2.2.13 Tempered Hardboard

AHA A135.4, Class 1, [_____] mm inch thick.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 31

company official manufacturer's warranty is in addition to, and not a limitation of, other rights Owner may have under the Contract Documents.

c. Assembly Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees to repair or replace components of steel fire-rated glazed curtain-wall systems that do not comply with requirements or that deteriorate as defined in this Section within specified warranty period .

d. Finish Warranty: Manufacturer's standard form in which manufacturer agrees to repair or replace components on which finishes fail within specified warranty period. Warranty does not include normal weathering. Determine warranty on finish by type of finish selected.

e. Beneficiary: Issue warranty in the legal name of the project Owner .

f. Warranty Period: [_____] years commencing on Date of Substantial

Completion, covering complete curtain wall system for failure to meet specified requirements.

g. Warranty Acceptance: Owner is sole authority who will determine acceptability of manufacturer's warranty documents.

1.9 INTERPRETATION OF AWS CODE

**************************************************************************

NOTE: If Section 05 05 23.16 STRUCTURAL WELDING is not included in the project specification, applicable requirements therefrom should be inserted and the following paragraph deleted.

**************************************************************************

Section 05 05 23.16 STRUCTURAL WELDING applies to work specified in this section.

AWS code, when referred to herein, shall mean AWS D1.1/D1.1M, "Structural

Welding Code - Steel" with the following modification:

Revise AWS code Section 1, "General Provisions," Paragraph 1.1 as follows:

References to the need for approval shall mean "Approval by the Contracting

Officer" and references to the "Building Commissioner" shall mean the

"Contracting Officer."

1.10 QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLER

Submit a written description of the proposed curtain-wall system installer giving the name of the curtain-wall manufacturer, qualifications of personnel, years of concurrent contracting experience, lists of projects similar in scope to the specified work, and other information as may be required by the Contracting Officer.

1.11 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

1.11.1 Allowable Design Stresses

Aluminum-alloy framing member allowable design stresses must be in accordance with the requirements of AA ADM pertaining to building type structures made of the specified aluminum alloy.

Hot-rolled structural-steel member allowable design stresses and design

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 23

rules must be in accordance with the requirements of AISC/AISI 121 pertaining to the specified structural steel.

Cold-formed light-gage steel structural member allowable design stresses and design rules must be in accordance with the requirements of AISI SG03-3

SG570 pertaining to structural members formed from the specified structural-steel sheet or strip.

1.11.2 Design Wind Load

**************************************************************************

NOTE: First measurement in the following paragraph specifies the design windload recommended in the

American Insurance Association AIA CO-1 "National

Building Code," Appendix K, for areas subject to severe winds and for height zones of 9140 to 14900 millimeters 30 to 49 feet.

The second measurement specifies the design windload recommended in ANSI A58.1, "Minimum Design Loads for

Buildings and Other Structures," for 160 kilometer per hour 100 miles per hour wind velocity, for unprotected locations in flat, open country or near shorelines of large bodies of water and fully exposed to a long fetch of wind, and for a height zone of 12200 millimeters 40 feet.

The third measurement specifies the design windload recommended in ANSI A58.1, "Minimum Design Loads for

Buildings and Other Structures," for 160 kilometer per hour 100 miles per hour wind velocity, and for a height zone of 9100 millimeters 30 feet and under.

The fourth measurement specifies the design windload recommended in the American Insurance Association's

AIA CO-1 "National Building Code," Appendix K, for areas subject to severe winds and for a height zone of less than 9100 millimeters 30 feet.

The fifth measurement specifies the design windload recommended in ANSI A58.1, "Minimum Design Loads for

Buildings and Other Structures," for the Langley field area, and for a height zone of less than 9100 millimeters 30 feet.

The sixth measurement specifies the minimum design load recommended in ANSI A58.1. Langley Research

Center policy does not permit use of this paragraph.

**************************************************************************

Design windload must be [2155] [1963] [1819] [1676] [1436] [718] pascal

[45] [41] [38] [35] [30] [15] pounds per square foot. Design windload must be in accordance with ASCE 7.

1.11.3 Structural Capacity

Design curtain-wall system, including framing members, windows, doors and frames, metal accessories, panels, and glazing to withstand the specified design windload acting normal to the plane of the curtain wall and acting

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 24

either inward or outward.

Deflection of any metal framing member in a direction normal to the plane of the curtain wall, when subjected to the test of structural performance, using the specified windload in accordance with AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440, must not exceed 1/175 of the clear span of the member or 20 millimeter 3/4 inch, whichever value is less.

Deflection of any metal member in a direction parallel to the plane of the curtain wall, when the metal member is carrying its full design load, must not exceed 75 percent of the design clearance dimension between that member and the glass, sash, panels, or other part immediately below it.

1.11.4 Provisions for Thermal Movement

Design curtain-wall systems, including framing members, windows, doors and frames, metal accessories, and other components incorporated into the curtain wall, to allow for expansion and contraction of the component parts at an ambient temperature of 38 degrees C 100 degrees F without causing buckling, opening of joints, overstressing of fasteners, or other harmful effects.

1.12 DRAWINGS

Installation Drawings must include the following information for curtain wall assemblies.

Curtain-wall locations in building, layout and elevations, dimensions, shapes and sizes of members, thickness of metals, types and locations of shop and field connections, details of anchorage to building construction, glazing provisions, and other pertinent construction and erection details.

Location and details of anchorage devices that are to be cast-in-place in concrete and masonry construction.

Panel dimensions, thicknesses and kinds of materials, edge details, details of installation in curtain-wall framing, and other pertinent construction and erection details.

1.13 MANUFACTURER'S INFORMATION

Preventive Maintenance and Inspection must consist of the aluminum manufacturer's recommended cleaning materials and application methods, including detrimental effects to the aluminum finish when improperly applied.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

[2.1 PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA

For products in this section, where applicable and to extent allowed by performance criteria, provide and document the following:

[2.1.1 Recycled content of Aluminum Doors and Frames

Provide aluminum doors and frames meeting the recycled content requirements as stated within this section and provide documentation in accordance with

Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph RECYCLED CONTENT.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 25

][2.1.2 Recycled content of Aluminum Curtain-wall Framing Members

Provide aluminum curtain-wall framing members meeting the recycled content requirements as stated within this section and provide documentation in accordance with Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph

RECYCLED CONTENT.

][2.1.3 Recycled Content of Aluminum Windows

Provide aluminum windows meeting the recycled content requirements as stated within this section and provide documentation in accordance with

Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph RECYCLED CONTENT.

]]2.2 MATERIALS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: In certain locations the use of recycled aluminum materials is readily available through a variety of manufacturers. The Designer of Record

(DOR) must confirm that availability and edit the paragraphs below accordingly.

**************************************************************************

2.2.1 Aluminum

Must be free from defects impairing strength or durability of surface finish. Provide standard alloys conforming to standards and designations of AA ASD1. Special alloys, not covered by the following ASTM specifications, must conform to standards and designations recommended by the manufacturer for the purpose intended.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: When the Designer of Record (DOR) has confirmed availability of recycled aluminum products, include and edit the statement below accordingly.

**************************************************************************

[Provide Aluminum [Doors][Frames][Curtain-wall Framing Members][Window

Frames] with a minimum recycled content of [20][_____] percent.]

2.2.1.1 Wrought Aluminum Alloys

Must be those which include aluminum alloying elements not exceeding the following maximum limits when tested and additional in accordance with

ASTM E34. These limits apply to both bare products and the core of clad products. The cladding of clad products must be within the same limits except that the maximum zinc limit may be 2.5 percent in order to assure that the cladding is anodic to the core. Special wrought alloys with a silicon content not more than 7.0 percent will be acceptable for limited structural uses where special appearance is required:

ALLOY PERCENT

Silicon 1.5

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 26

ALLOY

Magnesium, Manganese, and

Chromium combined

Iron

Copper

Zinc

PERCENT

6.0

1.0

0.4

1.0

Within the chemical composition limits set forth above, wrought aluminum alloys must conform to the following: a. Extruded bars, rods, shapes and tubes: ASTM B221M ASTM B221.

b. Sheet and Plate: ASTM B209M ASTM B209.

2.2.1.2 Cast Aluminum Alloys

Provide those in which the alloying elements are silicon, magnesium, manganese, or a combination of these. Other elements must not exceed the following limits:

ALLOY PERCENT

Iron 1.2

Copper 0.4

Nickel

Titanium

Others (total)

0.4

0.2

0.5

Within the chemical composition limits set forth above, cast aluminum alloys must conform to the following: a. Sand castings: ASTM B26/B26M.

b. Die casting: ASTM B85/B85M.

c. Permanent mold castings: ASTM B108/B108M.

2.2.1.3 Welding Rods and Electrodes

Provide welding rods and bare electrodes conforming to AWS A5.10/A5.10M as recommended by the manufacturer of the aluminum base metal alloy being used.

2.2.1.4 Finish

Anodized finish on aluminum surfaces must match in appearance or fall within the two extremes of color range of the approved samples. The following designation of finishes refer to standard finishes as defined in

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 27

the NAAMM AMP 500. Aluminum used for framing must have a color anodized finish designation AA-MIO-C22-A34 and AA-MIOC22-A44, meeting the requirements of AAMA 611.

2.2.1.5 Strength

Aluminum extrusions for framing members used in curtain walls and main frame and sash or ventilator members in windows must have a minimum ultimate tensile strength of 152 MPa 22,000 psi and a minimum yield strength of 110 MPa 16,000 psi.

2.2.2 Bronze

Bronze sheets, tubes, and drawn shapes must be commercial bronze, alloy No.

220. Extruded shapes must be architectural bronze, alloy No. 385. Rolled or drawn rods must be [commercial bronze, alloy No. 220] [or]

[architectural bronze, alloy No. 385]. Bronze used for [_____] must have a

[_____] finish.

2.2.3 Copper

Conform to ASTM B152/B152M, hot or cold-rolled of the temper suitable for the respective forming operations.

2.2.4 Carbon Steel

Conform to the following specifications: a. Rolled shapes, plates, and bars: ASTM A36/A36M.

b. Galvanized sheets: ASTM A653/A653M.

c. Sheets for porcelain enameling: ASTM A424/A424M.

d. Other sheets: ASTM A1011/A1011M or ASTM A1008/A1008M.

2.2.5 Stainless Steel

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Type 316 stainless steel offers additional corrosion resistance through the addition of molybdenum. It is often recommended for use in salty or highly corrosive atmospheres. Since its cost is greater than Types 302 or 304, Type 316 should be specified only when the project requirements justify the additional cost.

**************************************************************************

Conform to ASTM A167, Type 302 or 304, and finish in accordance with the

NAAMM AMP 500 conform to Metal Finishes Manual as follows: a. Concealed flashings: Dead soft fully annealed, [2 D finish] [[_____] finish].

b. Exposed work: [No. 4 finish] [[_____] finish] to match approved sample.

2.2.6 Weathering High-Strength Low-Alloy Steel

**************************************************************************

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 28

with watertight hairline joints not exceeding 0.4 millimeter 1/64 inch in width.

]2.7 ALUMINUM DOORS AND FRAMES

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when aluminum doors and frames are not a part of the curtain-wall system.

**************************************************************************

Aluminum doors and frames are specified in Section 08 11 16 ALUMINUM DOORS

AND FRAMES.

2.8 METAL ACCESSORIES

2.8.1 Sills

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraphs if sills are not required.

Sills must be detailed on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

Sills must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and fabricated of aluminum-alloy extrusions having a wall thickness not less than 3 millimeter. 0.125 inch.

Sills must run continuously under the curtain wall and permit the lower curtain wall frame member to interlock without fastenings.

2.8.2 Coping

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraphs if coping is not required.

Coping must be detailed on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

Coping must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and welded mitered inside and outside corner sections, concealed cover plates, and other components as required for the installation.

Coping-system components must be aluminum-alloy extrusions with wall thicknesses of 1.2 millimeter 0.05 inch, minimum.

2.8.3 Exterior Architectural Louvers

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when exterior architectural louvers are not required.

**************************************************************************

Exterior architectural louvers are specified in Section 05 72 00 DECORATIVE

METAL SPECIALTIES.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 41

2.9 PANELS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraphs when panels are not required.

Only metal-faced laminated panels are specified. If another panel type is used, revise the specifications to suit the project. Indicate locations and dimensions of panels on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

2.9.1 Panel Type

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Coordinate panel thickness with the curtain-wall framing used in the work.

**************************************************************************

Panels must be metal-faced laminated both sides, consisting of exterior metal facing, facing backing, insulating core, facing backing, and interior metal facing. Facing-panel dimensions must be as indicated.

2.9.2 Exterior Metal Facing

Facing must be Porcelain-Enamel on steel. Base metal must be steel sheets for porcelain enameling, 0.25 to 0.38 millimeter 0.010 to 0.015 inch thick, of the quality and type best suited for the work, stretcher level standard of flatness, conforming to ASTM A424/A424M, and properly precleaned and treated for adherence of the porcelain enamel.

Porcelain-enamel processing, corrosion protection, weather resistance, color retention of red, yellow, and orange porcelain enamels, continuity of coating, and surface appearance must meet or exceed the requirements specified in PEI 1001.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: PEI designates color of porcelain enamel by the munsell color system (hue, value/chroma). 47 standard colors are shown in PEI CG-3, "Color Guide for Architectural Porcelain Enamel." The following paragraph illustrates the method of specifying the color of porcelain enamel and must be revised as required to suit the project.

**************************************************************************

Color of porcelain-enamel exposed-to-view surfaces must be PEI CG-3Ivory

(Munsell number by 8.7/3.4) and match the color of the approved samples.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Select one of the following paragraphs.

**************************************************************************

Gloss of exposed-to-view surfaces must be [high] [medium] [low] reflectivity.

2.9.3 Facing Backing

Nominal 3 millimeter 1/8-inch thick, flat non-asbestos-cement sheets, flexible smooth-one-side surface finish, conforming to ASTM C220, Type F.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 42

2.2.11.3 Heat-Absorbing Glass

Clean cut, Type [I] [II], Class [2], style [A] [B], [_____] in color, thickness [[_____] mm inch] [as indicated].

2.2.11.4 Insulating Glass

Fused glass, banded, or unbanded. Banded type, ASTM E774, Class [A]

[_____] must have perimeter banded or sealed, and encased in a nonferrous metal or stainless steel frame. Unbanded type must have perimeter sealed by manufacturer's standard organic sealant. Do not field cut.

2.2.11.5 Spandrel Glass [With Adhered Backing]

ASTM C1048, kind FT or HS, condition B, Type I, [_____] thickness [[_____] mm inch] [as indicated].

2.2.11.6 Glass Setting Materials a. Sealants and preformed sealing compounds: Must be as specified under paragraph entitled "Joint Sealant and Accessories." b. Preformed compression gaskets and seals: ASTM C864, color [black]

[_____]. Gaskets used for [_____] must have durable compatible, and colorfast coating.

c. Preformed lock-strip type gaskets: ASTM C542, factory formed, color

[black] [_____]. Provide separate filler or locking strips, approximately 10 Shore "A" Durometer points harder than gasket body, and insure permanent and continuous pressure of sealing lips. Butt or miter grooves 45 degrees.

d. Setting blocks, edge blocks, and spacer shims: Fabricate from neoprene or other materials recommended by glass manufacturer compatible with compounds, sealants, or gaskets used. Unless otherwise recommended by the glass manufacturer, shore "A" Durometer hardness for setting and edge blocks must be 90 plus or minus 5; for spacer shims, 50 plus or minus 5.

2.2.12 Firestopping Material

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Refer to AAMA TIR-A3-1975, "Fire Resistive

Design Guidelines for Curtain Wall Assemblies," for other recommended materials and methods used for firestopping the opening between the curtain wall and floor edges.

**************************************************************************

[Portland cement concrete of same design and strength as floor slab] [As specified in Section 03 30 00 CAST-IN-PLACE CONCRETE] [Mineral fiber manufactured from asbestos-free materials, and conforming to ASTM C612 or

ASTM C665, meeting fire resistance requirements specified].

2.2.13 Tempered Hardboard

AHA A135.4, Class 1, [_____] mm inch thick.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 31

2.2.14 Screens

ASTM D3656/D3656M, Class 2, 18 by 14 mesh, color [charcoal] [grey] [_____].

2.2.15 Paint and Finishes

2.2.15.1 Primer

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Zinc chromate, strontium chromate and lead coatings are not allowed.

**************************************************************************

Zinc-molydate, alkyd type.

2.2.16 Panels

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Double glazing and thermal breaks in wall and window framing systems will result in considerable reduction of heat transmission through wall system.

Refer to ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals, and AAMA

Curtain Wall Manual, "Design for Energy Conservation in Aluminum Curtain Walls" for additional information on heat transmission losses and condensation on interior surfaces.

**************************************************************************

**************************************************************************

NOTE: When other types of panels are required the text must be modified accordingly. When nonmetallic panels such as stone, precast concrete, tile or other materials are required, they must be included in the project specification. All panels which are a part of the wall system, regardless of the material or type, must be included as a part of the curtain wall specification.

**************************************************************************

Maximum U-value [_____]. Where, in order to meet the requirements specified, the proposed panel assembly is thicker than indicated, make corresponding adjustments in accessories and other work such as door, window and louver frames, flashing, coping, and trim products at no extra cost to the Government. Unless otherwise indicated, design for installation from outside the building. Provide vapor barrier on interior face of insulation. Seal edges of panels with cores of absorptive material to prevent entrance of water and allow venting of the core space to outside air.

2.2.16.1 Metal Facing Panels, Single Thickness

Metal facing panels must be single thickness. Panel facing must be [flat sheet] [textured] [impressed-relief] [_____] type, made of [porcelain enamel] [aluminum] [bronze] [stainless steel] and, with [backside stiffeners] [or] [edge flanges] spaced as required to meet flatness specified. Where indicated, backup panels with [_____].

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 32

2.2.16.2 Adhesively Bonded Panels

**************************************************************************

NOTE: The same metal should be used on both the exposed and nonexposed faces of the panels, particularly in the case of aluminum, in order to minimize differential thermal expansion between the faces and thus reduce potential warping or buckling of the panel.

**************************************************************************

Adhesively bonded panels must be sandwich type, metal faced both sides, and bonded to form stable and composite unit. Nonexposed face must be

[galvanized steel] [_____]. Exposed face must be [porcelain enamel]

[aluminum] [bronze] [stainless steel] [weathering steel] [_____] of thickness indicated, with continuous laminated backing or internal stiffening ribs or breaks spaced as required to meet flatness specified.

The nonexposed face must be [galvanized steel] [_____] of the thickness indicated. Maximum slope of exposed face surface at any point, measured from nominal plane, must not exceed the following: a. 1.0 percent for high reflectivity finish.

b. 1.25 percent for medium reflectivity finish.

c. 1.5 percent for low reflectivity finish.

2.2.16.3 Nonmetallic Panels a. Provide panels that are glass-faced on the side that will be exposed to view. Glass must be spandrel glass with ceramic coating on its nonweathering surface and [smooth] [_____] finish on the exposed surface [; backing must be adhesively bonded to nonweathering surface]. Backing must be [_____] and include [galvanized steel]

[_____] on surface nearest the building. Color of glass when viewed from the surface that will be exposed after installation must be

[_____]. Where indicated, back up glass panels with [_____].

b. Adhesively bonded insulated panels must be nonmetallic faced, sandwich type, [_____] [tempered hardboard] on exposed face and on nonexposed face. Apply coating of [epoxy] [polyester] [_____] followed by application of [inert aggregate] [_____] to exposed face in the

[factory] [field]. [Inert aggregate] [_____] must be [natural stone chips] [crushed marble] [_____] [with minimum and maximum sizes of

[_____] and [_____]]. Color of [_____] must be [_____].

c. Nonmetallic panels, [_____] surfaced: [_____] [tempered hardboard]

[_____] board base with applied [factory] [or] [field] finish of

[[_____] resins and decorative natural stone chips] [_____]. Apply

[epoxy] [polyester] coating of [_____] followed by application of

[inert aggregate] [_____] to exposed face in the [factory] [field].

[Inert aggregate] [_____] must be [natural stone chips] [crushed marble] [_____] [with minimum and maximum sizes of [_____] and

[_____]]. Color of [_____] must be [_____].

2.2.17 Metal Windows

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 33

in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.

**************************************************************************

[Fixed] [Operating] [Fixed and operating]. Comply with requirements of

[_____], [Steel] [Aluminum] Windows [_____] [AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440] [

SWI AGSW] as modified herein. Provide inside glazing with removable metal glazing beads [except for windows having structural gaskets]. Comply with glass clearance dimensions and sealant dimensions recommended by glass manufacturer.

2.2.17.1 Frames

Frames for fixed glazed panels and window units must be [aluminum] [bronze]

[stainless steel] [steel].

2.2.17.2 Operating Windows

Operating windows must be [double-hung] [projected] [horizontally pivoted]

[vertically pivoted] [top-hinged inswinging] [horizontal sliding]

[casement] [_____] type. [Operating windows must be complete with hardware, weatherstripping, and accessories.] Hardware must comply with [

AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440] [SWI AGSW] modified as follows: a. Metal and finish for hardware must be [_____].

b. [_____].

2.2.17.3 Window Construction

Weld or mechanically join and seal corners of frames and ventilators for water-tight construction. Remove excess metal from welded joints and dress smooth on exposed and contact surfaces so that no objectionable discoloration or roughness will be visible after finishing. Apply sealing compound in interior surfaces of corners and frame intersections.

2.2.18 Insect Screens

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Where metal accessories mentioned herein occur in connection with metal curtain walls, the kind and gage of metal must be shown or specified.

**************************************************************************

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.

**************************************************************************

Provide insect screens for ventilators of [_____] windows [_____] in accordance with [_____], [Steel] [Aluminum] Windows [_____] [

AAMA/WDMA/CSA 101/I.S.2/A440] [SWI AGSW]. Screens for double-hung windows must be [full length, top-hung type] [double vertical sliding type]

[half-length fixed type]. Screens for [projected] [casement] [_____] windows must be [_____] type. Mount screens on [inside] [outside] of windows. Screens must be rewirable, easily removable from inside the building, and interchangeable for same size ventilators of similar type windows. Provide hardware, guides, stops, clips, bolts, and screws as necessary for a secure and tight attachment to window. [Where sliding or hinged wickets are required in screens to permit operation of window

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 34

hardware, the frame around the wicket opening must be of similar material and strengths as the screen frames.] a. Frames: Construct screen frames of similar material and finish as specified for the windows to which attached. Screen frame construction must consist of closed tubular shapes standard with the manufacturer, either extruded or roll formed. Frames must be mitered, electrically flash welded, then dressed smooth; or have internal reinforcing or blocks at corners and mechanically connected corners. Screen frames must have removable splines of aluminum, stainless steel, or vinyl.

b. Screening: Weave of screening must be parallel with frames and sufficiently tight to present a smooth appearance. Conceal edges of screening in spline channel of frames.

c. Hardware: Screen hardware must be manufacturer's standard type and finish, unless otherwise indicated.

2.2.19 Metal Accessories

[Gravel stops and fascias,] [Flashings,] [Metal sills,] [Metal stools,]

[Louvers,] [Venetian blind pockets,] [Closures,] [and soffits] [_____].

Fabricate accessories of sizes and shapes indicated from similar materials and finish as specified for wall system.

2.3 METALS FOR FABRICATION

2.3.1 Aluminum-Alloy Extrusions

Extrusions must conform to ASTM B221M ASTM B221.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the following paragraph when integral-color anodic coating is not required.

**************************************************************************

Extrusions to receive an integral-color anodic coating must be the alloy and temper recommended by the aluminum producer for the specified finish with integral-color anodic coating and have mechanical properties equal to or exceeding those of 6063-T5.

2.3.2 Aluminum-Alloy Sheets and Plates

Unless otherwise specified, sheets and plates must conform to ASTM B209M

ASTM B209, Alloy 3003-H16.

Sheets and plates to receive a clear anodic coating must conform to

ASTM B209M ASTM B209, Alloy 5005-H16.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the following paragraph when integral-color anodic coating is not required.

**************************************************************************

Sheets and plates to receive an integral-color anodic coating must be the alloy and temper recommended by the aluminum producer for the specified coating and have mechanical properties equal to or exceeding those of

5005-H16.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 35

2.3.3 Structural Steel

Hot-rolled shapes, plates, and bars must conform to ASTM A36/A36M.

Hot-formed tubing must conform to ASTM A501/A501M.

Sheet and strip for cold-formed, light-gage, structural members must conform to ASTM A1011/A1011M.

2.3.4 Metals for Fasteners

Provide aluminum-alloy bolts and screws made from rod conforming to

ASTM B211M, ASTM B211, Alloy 2024-T351.

Provide aluminum-alloy nuts made from rod conforming to ASTM B211M,

ASTM B211, Alloy 6061-T6.

Provide aluminum-alloy washers made from sheet conforming to ASTM B209M

ASTM B209, Alloy 2024-T4.

Provide aluminum-alloy rivets made from rod or wire conforming to

ASTM B316/B316M, Alloy 6053-T61.

Provide steel fasteners made from corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel Type

302, 303, 304, 305, or 316 with the form and condition best suited for the work.

2.4 NONSKINNING SEALING COMPOUND

Sealing compound must be nonskinning, gun-grade type conforming to AAMA 800.

2.5 FABRICATION

2.5.1 Workmanship

Metal Accessories must be accurately formed; joints, except those designed to accommodate movement, accurately fitted and rigidly assembled.

Insofar as practical, fitting and assembly of the work must be done in the manufacturer's plant. Mark work that cannot be permanently factory-assembled before shipment to ensure proper assembly at the site.

2.5.2 Shop-Painting Aluminum

Shop prime aluminum surfaces that will come in contact with dissimilar metals, masonry, concrete, or wood.

Prepare aluminum surfaces for painting in accordance with ASTM D1730, Type

B, Method 2 or 3.

Give aluminum surfaces one shop coat of paint applied to dry, clean, surfaces to provide a continuous minimum dry-film thickness of 0.038 millimeter. 1.5 mils.

2.5.3 Shop-Painting Steel

Shop prime surfaces of concealed steel.

Remove scale, rust, and other deleterious materials. Remove heavy rust and

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 36

loose mill scale in accordance with SSPC SP 3 or SSPC 7/NACE No.4. Remove oil, grease, and similar contaminants in accordance with SSPC SP 1.

Give steel surfaces two coats of paint; the second coat must have a color different from the first coat. Apply paint to dry, clean, surfaces to provide a continuous minimum dry-film thickness of 0.038 millimeter 1.5 mils

for the first coat and 0.025 millimeter 1 mil for the second coat.

2.5.4 Depth of Glazing Rabbets

Depth of glazing rabbets for openings to receive glass materials or panels must be as follows:

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Select as required to suit the glass materials and panels used. Delete inapplicable items.

**************************************************************************

MATERIAL NOMINAL THICKNESS MAXIMUM SIZE MINIMUM RABBET DEPTH

Single-glass lights

Double strength

Double strength

3 millimeter

3 millimeter

3 millimeter

4.5 millimeter

4.5 millimeter

5.5 millimeter

6 millimeter

6 millimeter

8 millimeter

10 millimeter

15 millimeter

20 millimeter

Double-glazing units

All thicknesses

All thicknesses

Up to 0.46 square meter

Over 0.46 square meter

Up to 0.46 square meter

0.46 to 2.32 square meter

2.32 to 6.5 square meter

Up to 2.32 square meter

Over 2.32 square meter

All sizes

Up to 9.3 square meter

Over 9.3 square meter

All sizes

All sizes

All sizes

All sizes

Up to 2.23 square meter

2.23 to 6.5 square meter

10 millimeter

15 millimeter

10 millimeter

15 millimeter

16 millimeter

15 millimeter

16 millimeter

16 millimeter

16 millimeter

20 millimeter

20 millimeter

22 millimeter

22 millimeter

22 millimeter

16 millimeter

20 millimeter

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 37

MATERIAL

Panels

NOMINAL THICKNESS MAXIMUM SIZE

Up to 25 mm

25 to 40 mm

All sizes

All sizes

MINIMUM RABBET DEPTH

16 millimeter

20 millimeter

MATERIAL NOMINAL THICKNESS MAXIMUM SIZE MINIMUM RABBET DEPTH

Single-glass lights

Double strength

Double strength

1/8 inch

1/8 inch

1/8 inch

3/16 inch

Up to 5 square feet

Over 5 square feet

Up to 5 square feet

5 to 25 square feet

25 to 70 square feet

Up to 25 square feet

3/16 inch

7/32 inch

1/4 inch

1/4 inch

5/16 inch

Over 25 square feet

All sizes

Up to 100 square feet

Over 100 square feet

All sizes

3/8 inch

1/2 inch

All sizes

All sizes

3/4 inch

Double-glazing units

All thicknesses

All thicknesses

Panels Up to 1 inch

All sizes

Up to 25 square feet

25 to 70 square feet

All sizes

1 to 1-1/2 inches All sizes

3/8 inch

1/2 inch

3/8 inch

1/2 inch

5/8 inch

1/2 inch

5/8 inch

5/8 inch

5/8 inch

3/4 inch

3/4 inch

7/8 inch

7/8 inch

7/8 inch

5/8 inch

3/4 inch

5/8 inch

3/4 inch

2.5.5 Finish

Exposed-to-View Aluminum Finish of surfaces must be:

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the following finishes that are not required. Where more than one is required, the

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 38

location of each must be indicated on the drawing.

**************************************************************************

Frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical etch and Architectural Class II (0.01 to 0.018 millimeter thickness) anodic coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA C22-A31 in accordance with AA DAF45.

Frosted finish with Class I clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical etch and Architectural Class I (0.018 millimeter and greater thickness) anodic coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA

C22-A41 in accordance with AA DAF45.

Polished frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Smooth specular-buffed mechanical, followed by a medium-matte chemical etch and

Architectural Class II (0.01 to 0.018 millimeter thickness) anodic coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA M21-C22-A31 in accordance with AA DAF45.

Frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical etch and Architectural Class II (0.4- to 0.7-mil thickness) anodic coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA C22-A31 in accordance with AA DAF45.

Frosted finish with Class I clear anodic coating: Medium-matte chemical etch and Architectural Class I (0.7-mil and greater thickness) anodic coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA C22-A41 in accordance with AA DAF45.

Polished frosted finish with Class II clear anodic coating: Smooth specular-buffed mechanical, followed by a medium-matte chemical etch and

Architectural Class II (0.4- to 0.7-mil thickness) anodic coating producing a natural aluminum color. Finish must be AA M21-C22-A31 in accordance with

AA DAF45.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: It is recommended that a sample of the required color be on display where it may be seen by bidders during the bidding period.

**************************************************************************

Polished frosted finish with integral-color anodic coating: Smooth specular buffed mechanical, followed by nonetching inhibitive alkaline cleaning, medium-matte chemical etch, and Architectural Class I ( 0.018 millimeter 0.7-mil and greater thickness) anodic coating producing an integral-color finish. Color must be:

[Light bronze] [Medium bronze] [Dark bronze] [Black]

**************************************************************************

NOTE: The following paragraph must be included.

**************************************************************************

Match aluminum-finish color and appearance to that of the sample approved for use in the project within the aluminum producer's standard color range.

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the following paragraphs when an anodic coating is not required.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 39

**************************************************************************

Test the anodic coating on aluminum for thickness in accordance with

ASTM B244.

Test anodically coated aluminum for the weight of the coating in accordance with ASTM B137.

Test the resistance of anodically coated aluminum to staining by dyes in accordance with ASTM B136.

2.6 CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Size and arrangement of all framing members must be indicated on the drawings. Curtain-wall system manufacturer's stock sizes and shapes should be used. Frame depth must be coordinated with the window sash, panels, single-glass lights, double-glazing units, and louvers and other metal accessories that are to be incorporated into the curtain-wall system.

**************************************************************************

2.6.1 General

Framing members must be the section dimensions and arrangement indicated and designed to accommodate windows, panels, and other materials to be incorporated into the curtain-wall system.

[ Curtain-wall framing must be the vertical mullion type with the vertical mullions extending the indicated distance beyond the exterior face of the curtain wall.

][Curtain-wall framing must be the grid type with both the vertical and horizontal mullions extending the indicated distance beyond the exterior face of the curtain wall.

]2.6.2 Construction

Framing members must be aluminum-alloy extrusions with a wall thickness not less than 3.1 millimeter 0.125 inch. Glazing rabbet legs must be an integral part of the frame with the leg depth not less than the minimum depth specified for the thickness and size of the glass material or panel to be installed in the curtain-wall frame. Design and construct frames to receive window sash and louvers of the type specified when required.

Prepare vertical mullions for anchorage to the building construction at the bottom, at each intermediate floor elevation, and at the top.

[ Corners of frames must be mortise-and-tenon construction except that the corners of the vertical and horizontal mullions in grid frames must be coped-and-welded construction. Welds must be on the unexposed surfaces.

Corner joints must be accurately fitted and flush, with watertight hairline joints not exceeding 0.4 millimeter 1/64 inch in width. Apply nonskinning sealing compound to the unexposed surfaces of all mortise-and-tenon joints.

][Corners of frames must be coped and welded construction. Welds must be on the unexposed surfaces. Corner joints must be accurately fitted and flush,

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 40

with watertight hairline joints not exceeding 0.4 millimeter 1/64 inch in width.

]2.7 ALUMINUM DOORS AND FRAMES

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when aluminum doors and frames are not a part of the curtain-wall system.

**************************************************************************

Aluminum doors and frames are specified in Section 08 11 16 ALUMINUM DOORS

AND FRAMES.

2.8 METAL ACCESSORIES

2.8.1 Sills

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraphs if sills are not required.

Sills must be detailed on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

Sills must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and fabricated of aluminum-alloy extrusions having a wall thickness not less than 3 millimeter. 0.125 inch.

Sills must run continuously under the curtain wall and permit the lower curtain wall frame member to interlock without fastenings.

2.8.2 Coping

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraphs if coping is not required.

Coping must be detailed on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

Coping must be the shapes and dimensions indicated and welded mitered inside and outside corner sections, concealed cover plates, and other components as required for the installation.

Coping-system components must be aluminum-alloy extrusions with wall thicknesses of 1.2 millimeter 0.05 inch, minimum.

2.8.3 Exterior Architectural Louvers

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when exterior architectural louvers are not required.

**************************************************************************

Exterior architectural louvers are specified in Section 05 72 00 DECORATIVE

METAL SPECIALTIES.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 41

**************************************************************************

USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA UFGS-08 44 00 (August 2011)

Change 1 - 08/15

---------------------------

Preparing Activity: NAVFAC Superseding

UFGS-08 44 00 (May 2011)

UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS

References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016

**************************************************************************

SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS

DIVISION 08 - OPENINGS

SECTION 08 44 00

CURTAIN WALL AND GLAZED ASSEMBLIES

08/11

PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 REFERENCES

1.2 SUBMITTALS

1.3 REQUIREMENT FOR DESIGN DATA

1.4 QUALITY ASSURANCE

1.4.1 Testing Requirements

1.4.2 Mockup

1.4.2.1 Construction

1.4.2.2 Performance Test

1.4.2.3 Approved Mock-Up

1.4.3 Factory Tests

1.4.3.1 Deflection and Structural Tests

1.4.3.2 Water Penetration Test

1.4.3.3 Air Infiltration Test

1.4.3.4 Delamination Test

1.4.3.5 Thermal Conductance Tests

1.4.3.6 Window Tests

1.4.3.7 Fire Resistance Tests

1.4.3.8 Sound Transmission Loss Test

1.5 GLAZED CURTAIN WALL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

1.5.1 Source

1.5.2 Design

1.5.3 Thermal Movement

1.5.4 Tolerances

1.5.5 Structural Requirements

1.5.6 Seismic Calculations

1.6 QUALIFICATION OF WELDERS

1.7 DELIVERY AND STORAGE

1.7.1 Protective Covering

1.7.2 Identification

1.8 WARRANTY

1.8.1 Sample Warranties

1.9 INTERPRETATION OF AWS CODE

1.10 QUALIFICATIONS FOR THE CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLER

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 1

2.9.4 Core Insulation

[ Core must be expanded perlite conforming to ASTM C610.

][Core must be rigid urethane conforming to ASTM C591, Type 2.

][Core must be preformed block polystyrene conforming to ASTM C578, Type II.

] [Core must be cellular glass conforming to ASTM C552.]

[Core must be mineral fiberboard conforming to [ASTM C612][ASTM C553][

ASTM C592][ASTM C547]].

2.9.5 Interior Metal Facing

[ Facing must be 0.7 millimeter 24-gage galvanized-steel sheets conforming to

ASTM A653/A653M, coating Z275. G90.

][Facing must be as specified for exterior metal facing.

]2.9.6 Panel Fabrication

Securely bond panel materials together to form a stable and durable composite unit. Panels with core insulation of absorptive material must have edges sealed and provide venting to the outside air. Provide panels that conform to the following:

Flatness: Provide exterior surfaces of such flatness that, when measured at room temperature, the maximum slope of the surface at any point, measured from the nominal plane of the surface, that do not exceed the following:

1.0 percent for surfaces having a finish of high reflectivity

1.25 percent for surfaces having a finish of medium reflectivity

1.5 percent for surfaces having a finish of low reflectivity

Structural requirements: Panels of the maximum size required by the work, when supported in the manner intended, must withstand the windload specified without permanent deformation or damage.

Accelerated aging: Panels must show no evidence of delamination, warpage, or other deterioration or damage after completion of six accelerated aging cycles in accordance with ASTM C481, Cycle A.

Thermal transmittance: U-factor of a panel, when a panel not less than 1 square meter 10 square feet in area and of identical construction is tested in accordance with ASTM C1363, must be as follows:

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Before selecting the U-factor, the panel thickness and insulation-core material must be determined.

**************************************************************************

Not more than [0.57] [0.85] [1.14] [1.42] [1.70] [2.27] [2.56] watt/square meter-degrees C [0.10] [0.15] [0.20] [0.25] [0.30] [0.40] [0.45]

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 43

Btu/hr-square foot-degree F.

2.10 THERMAL INSULATION MATERIALS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when thermal insulation materials are not required. Location of the curtain-wall system to be insulated, type of thermal insulation material to be used, and the nominal thickness of the insulation material must be indicated. Select the appropriate insulation system(s) Section Reference and delete those which are not applicable.

**************************************************************************

Thermal insulation materials are specified in [Section 07 21 16 MINERAL

FIBER BLANKET INSULATION][Section 07 21 13 BOARD AND BLOCK

INSULATION][Section 07 21 23 LOOSE FILL THERMAL INSULATION][Section 07 24 00

EXTERIOR INSULATION AND FINISH SYSTEMS][_____].

2.11 SEALANTS AND CAULKINGS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when sealants and caulkings are not required for installation of curtain wall.

**************************************************************************

Sealants and caulkings are specified in Section 07 92 00 JOINT SEALANTS.

2.12 CURTAIN-WALL INSTALLATION MATERIALS

**************************************************************************

NOTE: Delete the following installation materials that are not applicable.

Concrete inserts should be used for fastening the specified work to cast-in-place concrete construction when the anchorage device will be subjected to direct pullout loadings. Indicate concrete inserts on the drawings.

**************************************************************************

2.12.1 Threaded Concrete Inserts

Galvanized ferrous castings with enlarged bases with not less than two nailing lugs, length as indicated, internally threaded 20 millimeter

3/4-inch diameter machine bolt must conform to ASTM A47/A47M, Grade

[32510] [35018] [Grade 22010] or ASTM A27/A27M, Grade U-60-30, and hot-dip galvanized in accordance with ASTM A153/A153M.

2.12.2 Wedge Concrete Inserts

Galvanized, box-type, ferrous castings with an integral loop at the back of the box and designed for 20 millimeter 3/4-inch diameter bolts with wedge-shaped heads must conform to ASTM A47/A47M, Grade [32510] [35018] or

ASTM A27/A27M, Grade U-60-30, and hot-dip galvanized in accordance with

ASTM A153/A153M.

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Carbon steel bolts with wedge-shaped heads, nuts, washers, and shims must be hot-dip galvanized in accordance with ASTM A153/A153M.

2.12.3 Slotted Concrete Inserts

Galvanized pressed-steel plate, welded construction, box type with a slot designed for 20 millimeter 3/4-inch diameter square-head bolts to provide lateral adjustment must be 3 millimeter 1/8-inch minimum thickness, conforming to ASTM A283/A283M, Grade C, hot-dip galvanized in accordance with ASTM A123/A123M. Length of the insert body less anchorage lugs must be

155 millimeter 6 inches minimum and provided with a knockout cover.

2.12.4 Masonry Anchorage Devices

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NOTE: Masonry anchorage devices should be used only for fastening materials to solid masonry and concrete-in-place construction when the anchorage device will not be subjected to direct pullout nor to vibration. Masonry anchorage devices should be used only for nonvibratory shear loads such as for fastening sash-pole hangers, door frames, and door thresholds.

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2.12.5 Toggle Bolts

Toggle bolts must be the tumble-wing type.

2.12.6 Steel Bolts, Nuts, and Washers

Bolts must be regular hexagon head, low-carbon steel.

Nuts must be hexagon, regular style, carbon steel.

Plain washers must be round, general-assembly purpose, carbon steel.

Lockwashers must be helical spring, carbon steel.

2.12.7 Machine Screws

Provide screws for concealed work that are corrosion-resistant steel, slotted or cross-recessed type, roundhead.

Provide screws for exposed-to-view work that are corrosion-resistant steel, cross-recessed, flathead.

2.12.8 Electrodes for Welding Steel

Electrodes for welding steel by the manual shielded metal arc welding process must meet the requirements of AWS D1.1/D1.1M and be covered mild-steel electrodes conforming to AWS A5.1/A5.1M, E60 series.

PART 3 EXECUTION

3.1 GENERAL

Install curtain walls and accessories in accordance with the approved

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drawings and as specified.

3.2 FABRICATION

Provide curtain wall components of the materials and thickness indicated or specified. The details indicated are representative of the required design and profiles. Acceptable designs may differ from that shown if the proposed system components conform to the limiting dimensions indicated and the requirements specified herein. Unless specifically indicated or specified otherwise, the methods of fabrication and assembly must be at the discretion of the curtain wall manufacturer. Perform fitting and assembling of components in the shop to the maximum extent practicable.

Provide anchorage devices with adjustment capability in three directions.

Exposed fastenings used on finished surfaces must be truss head, flat head, or oval head screws or bolts.

3.2.1 Joints

Provide welded or mechanical fasteners as indicated or specified. Match joints in exposed work to produce continuity of line and design. Bed-joints or rabbets receiving caulking or sealing material must be minimum 20 mm 3/4 inch deep and 10 mm 3/8 inch wide at mid ambient temperature range.

3.2.2 Welding

Conform to AWS D1.1/D1.1M. Use methods and electrodes recommended by manufacturers of base metal alloys. Provide welding rods of an alloy that matches the color of the metal being welded. Protect glass and other finish from exposure to welding spatter. Ground and finish weld beads on exposed metal surfaces to minimize mismatch and to blend with finish on adjacent parent metal. If flux is used in welding aluminum, completely remove it immediately upon completion of welding operations. Do not use exposed welds on aluminum surfaces.

3.2.3 Soldering and Brazing

Provide as recommended by suppliers. Solder only for filling or sealing joints.

3.2.4 Ventilation and Drainage

Provide internal ventilation drainage system of weeps or based on principles of pressure equalization to ventilate the wall internally and to discharge condensation and water leakage to exterior as inconspicuously as possible. Flashings and other materials used internally must be nonstaining, noncorrosive, and nonbleeding.

3.2.5 Protection and Treatment of Metals

3.2.5.1 General

Remove from metal surfaces lubricants used in fabrication and clean off other extraneous material before leaving the shop.

3.2.5.2 Galvanic Action

Provide protection against galvanic action wherever dissimilar metals are in contact, except in the case of aluminum in permanent contact with galvanized steel, zinc, stainless steel, or relatively small areas of white

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 46

bronze. Paint contact surfaces with one coat bituminous paint or apply appropriate caulking material or nonabsorptive, noncorrosive, and nonstaining tape or gasket between contact surfaces.

3.2.5.3 Protection for Aluminum

Protect aluminum which is placed in contact with, built into, or which will receive drainage from masonry, lime mortar, concrete, or plaster with one coat of alkali-resistant bituminous paint. Where aluminum is contacted by absorptive materials subject to repeated wetting or treated with preservative noncompatible with aluminum, apply two coats of aluminum paint, to such materials and seal joints with approved caulking compound.

3.3 INSTALLATION

Installation and erection of glazed wall system and all components must be performed under direct supervision of and in accordance with approved recommendations and instructions of wall system manufacturer or fabricator.

Any materials that show visual evidence of biological growth due to the presence of moisture must not be installed on the building project.

3.3.1 Bench Marks and Reference Points

Establish and permanently mark bench marks for elevations and building line offsets for alignment at convenient points on each floor level. Should any error or discrepancy be discovered in location of the marks, stop erection work in that area until discrepancies have been corrected.

3.3.2 Verifying Conditions and Adjacent Surfaces

After establishment of lines and grades and prior to system installation examine supporting structural elements. Verify governing dimensions, including floor elevations, floor to floor heights, minimum clearances between curtain wall and structural frames, and other permissible dimensional tolerances in the building frame.

3.3.3 Panels

Install panels [in framing member openings] [into framed pre-assembled units] [_____] using [sealants] [gaskets] [gaskets and sealants] [_____] as indicated or specified.

3.3.4 Windows

Install windows in accordance with details indicated and approved detail drawings.

3.3.4.1 Sealing

Seal exterior metal to metal joints between members of windows, frames, mullions, and mullion covers. Remove excess sealant.

3.3.4.2 Ventilators and Hardware

After installing and glazing windows, adjust ventilators and hardware to operate smoothly and to be weathertight when ventilators are closed and locked. Lubricate hardware and moving parts.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 47

3.3.4.3 Weatherstripping

Install to make weathertight contact with frames when ventilators are closed and locked. Do not cause binding of sash or prevent closing and locking of ventilator.

Provide for ventilating sections of all windows to insure a weather-tight seal meeting the infiltration tests specified. Use easily replaceable factory-applied weatherstripping of manufacturer's stock type. Use molded vinyl, molded or molded-expanded neoprene for weatherstripping for compression contact surfaces. For sliding surfaces, use treated woven pile or wool, polypropylene or nylon pile with nylon fabric and metal or plastic backing strip weatherstripping. Do not use neoprene or polyvinyl chloride weatherstripping where they will be exposed to direct sun light.

3.3.5 Joint Sealants

3.3.5.1 Surface Preparation

Surfaces to be primed and sealed must be clean, dry to the touch, free from frost, moisture, grease, oil, wax, lacquer, paint, or other foreign matter. Enclose joints on three sides. Clean out grooves to proper depth.

Joint dimensions must conform to approved detail drawings with a tolerance of plus 3 mm 1/8 inch. Do not apply compound unless ambient temperature is between 4 and 32 degrees C 40 and 90 degrees F. Clean out loose particles and mortar just before sealing. Remove protective coatings or coverings from surfaces in contact with sealants before applying sealants or tapes.

Solvents used to remove coatings must be of type that leave no residue on metals.

3.3.5.2 Applications

Match approved sample. Force compound into grooves with sufficient pressure to fill grooves solidly. Sealing compound must be uniformly smooth and free of wrinkles and, unless indicated otherwise, tooled and left sufficiently convex to result in a flush joint when dry. Do not trim edges of sealing material after joints are tooled. Mix only amount of multi-component sealant which can be installed within four hours, not to exceed 19 liters 5 gallons at any given time.

3.3.5.3 Primer

Apply to masonry, concrete, wood, and other surfaces as recommended by sealant manufacturer. Do not apply primer to surfaces which will be exposed after caulking is completed.

3.3.5.4 Backing

Tightly pack in bottom of joints which are over 13 mm 1/2 inch in depth with specified backing material to depth indicated or specified. Roll backing material of hose or rod stock into joints to prevent lengthwise stretching.

3.3.5.5 Bond Prevention

Install bond preventive material at back or bottom of joint cavities in which no backstop material is required, covering full width and length of joint cavities.

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3.3.5.6 Protection and Cleaning

Remove compound smears from surfaces of materials adjacent to sealed joints as the work progresses. Use masking tape on each side of joint where texture of adjacent material will be difficult to clean. Remove masking tape immediately after filling joint. Scrape off fresh compound from adjacent surfaces immediately and rub clean with approved solvent. Upon completion of caulking and sealing, remove remaining smears, stains, and other soiling, and leave the work in clean neat condition.

3.3.6 Glass

Install in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations as modified herein. [Install insulating glass units made with heat absorbing glass with heat absorbing pane on exterior side.]

3.3.6.1 Inspection of Sash and Frames

Before installing glass, inspect sash and frames to receive glass for defects such as dimensional variations, glass clearances, open joints, or other conditions that will prevent satisfactory glass installation. Do not proceed with installation until defects have been corrected.

3.3.6.2 Preparation of Glass and Rabbets

Clean sealing surfaces at perimeter of glass and sealing surfaces of rabbets and stop beads before applying glazing compound, sealing compound, glazing tape, or gaskets. Use only approved solvents and cleaning agents recommended by compound or gasket manufacturer.

3.3.6.3 Positioning Glass

Set glass from inside the building unless otherwise indicated or specified.

Maintain specified edge clearances and glass bite at perimeter. Maintain position of glass in rabbet and provide required sealant thickness on both sides of glass. For glass dimensions larger than 1270 united millimeters

50 united inches, provide setting blocks at sill and spacer shims on all four sides; locate setting blocks one quarter way in from each jamb edge of glass. Where setting blocks and spacer shims are set into glazing compound or sealant, butter with compound or sealant, place in position, and allow to firmly set prior to installation of glass.

3.3.6.4 Setting Methods

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NOTE: Select methods applicable to the project conditions and details. Delete non-applicable methods. Methods listed are typical for many glass and sealant manufacturers; other suitable methods may also be included.

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Apply glazing compound, glazing sealant, glazing tape, and gaskets uniformly with accurately formed corners and bevels. Remove excess compound from glass and sash. Use only recommended thinners, cleaners, and solvents. Strip surplus compound from both sides of glass and tool at slight angle to shed water and provide clean sight lines. Secure stop beads in place with suitable fastenings. Do not apply compound or sealant at temperatures lower than 4 degrees C 40 degrees F, or on damp, dirty, or

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 49

dusty surfaces. After glazing, fix ventilators in sash so they cannot be operated until compound or sealant has set.

a. Use sealant glazing to completely fill channel on edges and on both sides of glass for [_____].

b. Use sealant and tape glazing, with glazing sealant for cap bead above glazing tape against fixed exterior stops and glazing tape full height against removable interior stops for [_____].

c. Use sealant and tape glazing, with glazing sealant full height against removable exterior stops with heel bead or glazing sealant and glazing tape full height against fixed interior stops for [_____].

d. Use sealant and tape glazing, with glazing sealant cap beads above glazing tape against both exterior and interior stops for [_____].

Removable stops may be on either exterior or interior side of glass.

e. Use tape, sealant, and compound glazing, with glazing tape full height against fixed exterior stops, glazing compound as a cap bead above heel bead sealant and against removable interior stops for [_____].

f. Use tape, sealant, and gasket glazing, with glazing tape full height against fixed exterior stops, glazing sealant as a heel bead at edge of glass, and preformed vision strip gasket against removable interior snap-on stops for [_____].

g. Use compression gasket glazing, with compression gaskets both sides of glass and adjustable or snap-on interior stops for [_____].

h. Use lock-strip gasket glazing, with lock-strip glazing gaskets for

[_____]. Install gaskets in accordance with manufacturer's instructions using special tools and lubricants. When lock-strip type gaskets are used for glazing insulating glass units, follow glass manufacturer's recommendations regarding horizontal wall supports between vertical units, setting blocks, weep holes, and the use of supplementary wet sealants.

3.3.6.5 Void Space

Heat absorbing, insulating, spandrel, and tempered glass, and glass of other types that exceed 2540 united millimeters 100 united inches in size:

Provide void space at head and jamb to allow glass to expand or move without exuding the sealant.

3.3.6.6 Insulating Glass

Provide adequate means to weep incidental water and condensation away from the sealed edges of insulated glass units and out of the wall system. The weeping of lock-strip gaskets must be in accordance with the recommendation of the glass manufacturer.

3.3.6.7 Insulating Glass With Edge Bands

Insulating glass with flared metal edge bands set in lock-strip type gaskets: Follow glass manufacturer's recommendations and add supplementary wet seal as required; when used with glazing tape, use tapered tape.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 50

3.3.7 Firestopping

Provide firestopping [, where indicated,] in openings between wall system and floor at each story to prevent passage of flame and hot gases from floor to floor under extended fire exposure. Installed fire stopping must remain in place under extended fire exposure despite distortions that may occur in wall system components. Securely attach anchoring or containment devices to building structure and not to wall system. Place [concrete]

[mineral fiber] [_____] on [steel plates attached to bottom of floor slab]

[impaling chips embedded in edge of floor slab] [_____].

3.3.8 Field Applied Insulation

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NOTE: Where project specifications do not include a separate section for field applied insulation, add here and delete cross-reference to other section.

Where field applied insulation is specified in another section, keep cross-reference and coordinate fire rating and U-value with the other section. See paragraph entitled "Fire Resistance Tests" for fire rating requirements of insulation.

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NOTE: Insert appropriate Section number and title in blank below using format per UFC 1-300-02.

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Provide insulation with minimum R-value of [_____], on clean, dry, properly prepared surfaces of [masonry] [concrete] [_____] back-up wall in accordance with [_____] INSULATION using approved accessories and methods as recommended by insulation manufacturer unless indicated or specified otherwise. Cover and protect each day's application until protection is provided by completed work.

3.4 FINISHES

3.4.1 Galvanizing

Conform to ASTM A123/A123M, ASTM A153/A153M, and ASTM A653/A653M, as applicable.

3.4.1.1 Repair of Zinc-Coated Surfaces

Repair zinc coated surfaces damaged by welding or other means with galvanizing repair paint or by application of stick or thick paste material specifically designed for repair of galvanizing, as approved.

3.4.2 Shop Cleaning and Painting

3.4.2.1 Cleaning

Clean steel and iron work by power wire brushing or other approved manual or mechanical means, for removal of rust, loose paint, scale, and deleterious substances. Wash cleaned surfaces which become contaminated with rust, dirt, oil, grease, or other foreign matter, with solvents until thoroughly clean. Cleaning steel embedded in concrete is not required.

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 51

3.4.2.2 Painting Steel or Iron Surfaces

[Apply one coat of primer.] [Apply primer to a minimum dry film thickness of 0.025 mm 1.0 mil.] Apply additional shop coat of specified paint, to which a small amount of tinting material has been added, on surfaces that will be concealed in the finished construction or that will not be accessible for finish painting. Accomplish painting in dry weather or under cover, and on steel or iron surfaces that are free from moisture and frost. Do not paint surfaces of items to be embedded in concrete. Recoat damaged surfaces upon completion of work. Prime coat steel immediately after cleaning. Do not apply bituminous protective coatings to items to be finish painted.

3.4.2.3 Painting Weathering Steel

Clean and paint surfaces which will not be exposed to the weather with one shop or field coat of specified primer, or other approved rust-inhibitive primer. Clean and strip-paint weathering steel contact surface to be covered by structural or compression gaskets or sealants with one coat to insure positive seal.

3.5 FIELD TESTS

Conduct field check test for water leakage on designated wall areas after erection. Conduct test on [two] [_____] wall areas, two bays wide by two stories high where directed. Conduct test and take necessary remedial action as described in AAMA 501.1.

3.6 CLEANING AND PROTECTION

3.6.1 General

At the completion of the installation, clean the work to remove mastic smears and other foreign materials.

3.6.2 Glass

Upon completion of wall system installation, thoroughly wash glass surfaces on both sides and remove labels, paint spots, putty, compounds, and other defacements. Replace cracked, broken, and defective glass with new glass at no additional cost to the Government.

3.6.3 Aluminum Surfaces

Protection methods, cleaning, and maintenance must be in accordance with

AAMA 609 & 610.

3.6.4 Other Metal Surfaces

After installation, protect windows, panels, and other exposed surfaces from disfiguration, contamination, contact with harmful materials, and from other construction hazards that will interfere with their operation, or damage their appearance or finish. Protection methods must be in accordance with recommendations of product manufacturers or of the respective trade association. Remove paper or tape factory applied protection immediately after installation. Clean surfaces of mortar, plaster, paint, smears of sealants, and other foreign matter to present neat appearance and prevent fouling of operation. In addition, wash with a stiff fiber brush, soap and water, and thoroughly rinse. Where surfaces

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 52

become stained or discolored, clean or restore finish in accordance with recommendations of product manufacturer or the respective trade association.

3.6.5 Porcelain-Enamel Surfaces

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NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when porcelain-enamel faced panels are not required.

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Wash surfaces with clean water and soap and rinsed with clean water. Do not use acid solutions, steel wool, or other harsh abrasives.

3.7 SCHEDULE

Some metric measurements in this section are based on mathematical conversion of inch-pound measurements, and not on metric measurement commonly agreed to by the manufacturers or other parties. The inch-pound and metric measurements are as follows:

PRODUCTS INCH-POUND METRIC

Glass 1/4 inch 6 mm

3.8 MATERIALS EMBEDDED IN OTHER CONSTRUCTION

Install materials to be embedded in cast-in-place concrete and masonry prior to the installation of the curtain wall. Provide setting drawings, templates, and instructions for installation.

3.9 FASTENING TO CONSTRUCTION-IN-PLACE

Provide anchorage devices and fasteners for fastening work to construction-in-place. Provide fasteners as specified.

3.10 SETTING MASONRY ANCHORAGE DEVICES

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NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when masonry anchorage devices are not required (such as for securing sash-pole hangers, door frames, and door thresholds).

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Set devices in masonry or concrete-in-place construction in accordance with the manufacturer's printed instructions. Leave drilled holes rough and free of drill dust.

3.11 FIELD-WELDING STEEL AND TOUCHUP PAINTING

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NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraphs when field-welding of steel is not required.

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SECTION 08 44 00 Page 53

Procedures of manual shielded metal arc welding, the appearance and quality of the welds made, and the methods used in correcting welding work must conform to AWS D1.1/D1.1M.

After completion of welding, clean and paint field welds and scarred surfaces on steel work and on adjacent ferrous-metal surfaces. Paint must be the same as that used for shop painting.

3.12 INSTALLATION TOLERANCES

Install curtain walls within the following tolerances:

Deviation in location from that indicated on the drawings

Plus or minus 6 millimeter

Deviation from the plumb or horizontal

In 3660 millimeter of length

In any total length

Offset from true alignment at joints between abutting members in line

Not more than 3 millimeter

Not more than 15 millimeter

Not more than 1 millimeter

Deviation in location from that indicated on the drawings

Plus or minus 1/4 inch

Deviation from the plumb or horizontal

In 12 feet of length

In any total length

Offset from true alignment at joints between abutting members in line

Not more than 1/8 inch

Not more than 1/2 inch

Not more than 1/16 inch

3.13 PLACING CURTAIN-WALL FRAMING MEMBERS

Install members plumb, level, and within the limits of the installation tolerances specified.

Connect members to building framing. Provide supporting brackets adjustments for the accurate location of curtain-wall components.

Adjustable connections must be rigidly fixed after members have been positioned.

3.14 PANEL INSTALLATION

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NOTE: Delete the paragraph heading and the following paragraph when panels are not required.

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Panels must be set with a glazing-tape back bed, two-component elastomeric sealing-compound heel bead, glazing-tape bedding of the stop, and

SECTION 08 44 00 Page 54

two-component elastomeric sealing-compound topping bead on both sides of the panel. Face and edge clearances must not be less than 3 millimeter 1/8 inch. Remove excess sealing compound on both sides of the curtain wall opening with a glazing knife at a slight angle over the rabbet leg or applied stop. Install applied stops on the exterior side of the curtain wall and secured with screws.

3.15 INSPECTION AND ACCEPTANCE PROVISIONS

3.15.1 Finished Curtain-Wall System Requirements

Curtain-wall work must be rejected for any of the following deficiencies:

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NOTE: Delete any of the following paragraphs that are not applicable.

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Finish of exposed-to-view aluminum having color and appearance that are outside the color and appearance range of the approved samples.

Installed curtain-wall components having stained, discolored, abraded, or otherwise damaged exposed-to-view surfaces that cannot be cleaned or repaired.

Aluminum surfaces in contact with dissimilar materials that are not protected as specified.

3.15.2 Repair of Defective Work

Remove and replace defective work with curtain-wall materials that meet the specifications at no expense to the Government.

-- End of Section --

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