SANYANG 200 EFi User manual

SANYANG 200 EFi User manual
4、Fuel Injection System
1. EFI Mechanism
Illustration…………………….…..4-2
2. The Fuel Injection System
13. Fuel Tank………………………..4-19
14. Fuel Pressure Control Valve….4-20
Introduction……………………....4-3 15. Air Cleaner……………………..4-21
3. Electronical Fuel Injection
Components & Operation Principle
Introduction………………………4-3
4. Precautions In Operation……….4-5
16. Trouble Diagnosis & Solutions Of
EFI………………………………4-22
17. Error Code Message and Solution
Operation………………………4-23
5. Trouble Diagnosis……………….4-6 18.EFI Component Malfunction
6. Components Description Of
EFI……………………………….4-10
Check& Replacement Procedure (PI
Engine) …………………………...4-41
7. Fuel Lines……………………….4-13
8. Ignition System…………………4-13
9. Crankshaft position sensor……4-15
10. Temperature sensor……………4-16
11. Air By-Pass Valve………………4-17
12. O2 Sensor………………………4-18
Data Scan
ECU
Error indicator
Battery
Fuel Pump and Pressure Valve
Engine Temp. Sensor
Throttle Position Sensor
(TPS)
Fuel Tank
Ignition Coil
Fuel
Injector
Vacuum
Tube
O2 Sensor
Air-By-Pass
Valve
Crankshaft position sensor
Intake temp and
pressure sensor
(T-MAP)
4-1
4、Fuel Injection System
1. EFI Mechanism Illustration
Disengage
Three in one remote
controller
Crankshaft position
sensor
Fuel Pump
O2 Sensor
4-2
Main Switch ON
Eng. Temp. Sensor
Throttle Position
Sensor
ECU
Transistor Ignition
Coil
T-MAP Sensor
Battery Voltage
Fuel Injector
Idle Air By-Pass
Valve
4、Fuel Injection System
2. The Fuel Injection System Introduction
Based on 4-stroke SOHC engine, displacement 125 c.c. Electronically controlled fuel
injection, fuel vapor absorbed by carbon canisters. The engine burns off the blow-by
fuel-gas in the crankcase through the fuel-air separating device. The O2 sensor
enhances the efficiency of the catalyzer, by dynamically controlling the Fuel/Air ratio.
Electronic Fuel Injection Device
Consisting of fuel supply devices: fuel tank, fuel pump, filter, and pressure regulating
valve. And fuel controller devices: fuel injector, and ECU.
The fuel is pumped from electrical fuel pump in the fuel tank, to the injector on the inlet
pipe. The pressure-regulating valve keeps the pressure around 2.5bar. The signals
from ECU enable the injector to spray fuel into the combusting chamber once each two
crankshaft-revolutions. The excessive fuel flows back to the fuel tank through the
pressure-regulating valve. Fuel pump is placed within the tank to reduce the working
noise, and the complicity of fuel pipes. Electrically controlled ignition and injection system
effectively reduce fuel consumption rate and pollution.
In traditional gasoline engine, carburetor supplies the fuel. The process is done by
engine vacuum, and the negative pressure in the carburetor mixes fuel with air. Under
this condition, three major processes are done simultaneously in the carburetor: 1. Air
quantity measurement. 2. The determination of fuel quantity. 3. Mix of fuel and air.
Electric Fuel Injection System separates the three major processes into three different
devices: 1. T-MAP gauges the air quantity and temperature and sends the signal to ECU
as a reference. 2. ECU decides the amount of fuel to be injected, according to the default
A/F rate. 3. ECU enables the injector to spray appropriate fuel amount. The
independence of these three functions will raise the accuracy of the whole process.
Our EFI engine uses computer-programmed fuel injection,the main features are:
1﹒ The quantity of fuel injected is decided according the condition of the engine. The
engine RPM, and throttle position determines the fuel quantity and injection
time-length. This throttle-controlled fuel injection is better responding and more
accurate.
2﹒ The quantity of fuel injection, and the determination of injection time length, are all
controlled by 8 bit microcomputer.
3﹒ The pressure regulating valve maintains a 2.5 bar pressure difference between inlet
pipe and fuel pipe, raising the accuracy of fuel injection.
4﹒ By measuring the air pressure of inlet pipe, this system gives the vehicle better
accommodation to the environment.
5﹒ Idle air by-pass system supplies fuel and air to stabilize the idle running, and cold
starting.
6﹒ O2 sensor feeds back the signal to minimize the exhaust pollution.
3. Electronic Fuel Injection Components & Operation Principle
Introduction
Electronic Fuel injection system consists of fuel supply devices: fuel tank, fuel pump, filter,
and pressure regulating valve, and fuel controller devices: fuel injector, and ECU.
The fuel is pumped from electrical fuel pump in the fuel tank, to the injector on
the inlet pipe. The pressure-regulating valve keeps the pressure around 2.5bar.
4-3
4、Fuel Injection System
The signals from ECU enable the injector to spray fuel into the combusting chamber
once each two crankshaft-revolutions. The excessive fuel flows back to the fuel tank
through the pressure-regulating valve. Fuel pump is placed within the tank to reduce
the working noise, and the complicity of fuel pipes.
As a whole, electrically controlled ignition and fuel injection system effectively
reduce fuel consumption rate and exhaust pollution. The design is better
environmental friendly.
4-4
4、Fuel Injection System
4. Precautions In Operation
General information
Warning
Gasoline is a low ignition point and explosive materials, so always work in a well-ventilated place
and strictly prohibit flame when working with gasoline.
Cautions


Do not bend or twist throttle cable. Damaged cable will make unstable drive ability.
When disassembling fuel system parts, pay attention to O-ring position, replace with new one
as re-assembly.
Specification
Item
Idle RPM
1660±100 rpm
Throttle handle free play 2~6 mm
Torque value
Engine Temperature sensor:0.74~0.88 kgf-m。
O2 Sensor:3.6~4.6 kgf-m。
TOOL
Special Tools
Vacuum/air pressure pump
Injection system diagnostic (Data Scan)
4-5
This chapter Contents
4、Fuel Injection System
5. Trouble Diagnosis
Turn on the ignition switch.
EFI Electrical Circuit Inspection
NG
Does the warning lamp goes on for 2 seconds
and then off?
OK
NG
Battery voltage over 12.5V?
The voltage difference between battery and ECU is
less than 0.2V.
1. Turn off the ignition switch.
2. Disconnect the ECU connector.
3. Turn on the ignition switch.
4. With a multi-meter to measure the voltage
between the 17th pin(+) and the 1st pin (-).
5. Make sure the voltage difference between
battery and ECU is less than 0.2V.
The voltage difference between battery and active
components is less than 0.2V.
1. Turn off the ignition switch.
2. Disconnect the connectors of the fuel injector,
by-pass valve, and ignition coil.
3. Measure the voltage between battery negative
side and the each connector (1).
4. Make sure the voltage difference between
battery and those active components is less than
0.2V.
The voltage difference between 5V-sensors is less
than 0.2V.
1. Turn off the ignition switch.
2. Disconnect the connectors of throttle valve
position sensor and intake manifold
temperature/pressure sensors.
3. Turn on the ignition switch.
4. Measure the voltage between the pins(1)(4) of
throttle valve position, and the pins of intake
manifold temperature/pressure sensors (1) (3) is
within 5V±0.2V.
The voltage difference between battery and fuel
pump is less than 0.2V.
1. Turn off the ignition switch.
2. Disconnect the fuel pump connector.
3. With the probes of multi-meter to touch the
positive & negative sides of the fuel pump.
4. Turn on the ignition switch.
5. Record the voltage difference of the fuel pump
within 3 seconds.
6. Make sure the voltage difference between
battery and fuel pump is less than 0.2V.
4-6
1.
2.
3.
4.
Burnt Bulb?
Blown fuse?
Battery voltage too low?
Poor wire contact on ECU
circuit?
5. Poor contact on the master
switch?
6. Malfunction of ECU?
1.
2.
3.
Abnormal charging circuit?
Battery cannot be charged?
Short wire circuit?
OK
NG
1. Abnormal wire connection?
OK
NG
1.
Abnormal wire connection ?
OK
NG
1. Abnormal wire connection?
2. Malfunction of ECU?
OK
NG
OK
END
1. Abnormal wire connection?
2. Malfunction of relay?
3. Malfunction of ECU?
This chapter Contents
4、Fuel Injection System
Engine cannot be started or difficult to start.
Cannot be started or difficult to
start
Does the warning lamp goes on
for 2 seconds and then off?
NG
1. Check electrical circuit according to
procedure.
OK
NG
Is the warning lamp out of order?
1.
Connect the Data Scan and check EMS
trouble content.
2. Trouble shooting according to the
troubleshooting procedure.
OK
1.
2.
NG
Is the fuel system abnormal?
OK
Is the electrical circuit abnormal?
NG
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
No spark on the spark plug?
Wet spark plug?
Loosen spark plug cap?
Short in RPM sensor?
Loosen high voltage cable?
No connection for the by-pass valve?
Abnormal ECU?
Clean the throttle valve body and ECU does
not be set-up?
NG
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
No valve clearance?
Incorrect ignition timing?
Stuck valve?
Worn out cylinder and piston ring?
Improperly adjustment of the air adjustment
screw onto the throttle valve body?
OK
Is the engine abnormal?
OK
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Low fuel in fuel tank.
The fuel pressure of the injector is lower
than 2.5bar.
Fuel leaking in pipe?
Abnormal regulator?
Fuel pump pile leaking?
Abnormal fuel pump?
Abnormal fuel injector?
END
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4、Fuel Injection System
Diagnosis Of Idle Speed Misfire
Idle speed misfire
Does the throttle valve
cable stuck so could not
be set-up?
1.
Connect the Data Scan and
check trouble content
2. Troubleshooting according
to the troubleshooting
procedure.
Connect the Data Scan
and enter into CO
adjustment at idle menu.
Positive value is for
enrichment, and negative
value is for lean.
Is the CO value in idle speed
out of set up range?
(0.5%~3.0%)
Is fuel enough?
接
怠
Are the battery wires loose?
正
Does the carbon deposited
onto the throttle valve body?
負
Replace with
new one for
confirmation
Is the vacuum hose leaking?
Does the by-pass valve
operate or out of order?
If the idle speed misfire problem
still can not be solved after check
above related EFI components
item by item, then check if the
other traditional components on
the engine is in abnormal.
4-8
This chapter Contents
4、Fuel Injection System
Abnormal CO Value
Usually if the system has O2 sensor, we don’t have to adjust the CO value. If the CO value still
goes abnormal, please check O2 sensor first, to see if any malfunction occurred.
Idle speed misfire.
Connect the Data Scan and
check trouble content if
there is an abnormal CO
correct value in idle speed.
Is fuel enough?
Are the battery wires loose?
Is the voltage enough?
Does the throttle valve cable
stuck so could not be set-up?
Connect the Data
Scan and enter into
the data analysis
menu.
Start the engine and warm it up
to 115℃~125℃. Make sure
whether the engine RPM, the
openness (75º~90º) of the
by-pass valve, and the fuel
injection time are in normal.
Switch the Data Scan to
CO adjustment at idle
menu. Positive value is for
enrichment, and negative
value is for lean.
Is the CO value in idle speed
out of set up range?
(0.5%~3.0%)
Is the vacuum hose leaking?
Keep the engine running for
3~5 minutes and then turn off
the engine after confirmed
engine operation in normal.
Conduct Error code erasing
operation.
If the abnormal co correct value
problem still cannot be solved
after check above related EFI
components item by item, then
check if the other traditional
components on the engine are
in abnormal.
4-9
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4、Fuel Injection System
6. Components Description Of EFI
ECU (Electronic Control Unit):
1. Powered by DC 8~16V, and has 22 terminals connector on the unit.
2. The hardware component consists of an 8-bite computer that is its
control center. It contains the functional circuit interface of engine
condition sensing and the driving actuator for the by-pas valve, fuel
injector, and fuel pump, as well as transistor ignition coil.
3. Its major software is a monitor strategy operation program that
includes with controlling strategy, MAP and self-diagnosis programs.
Fuel Injector:
4. Powered by DC 8~16V, and has 2 terminals connector on the injector.
5. Its major component is the solenoid valve of high resistance driven by
electronic current.
6. The two terminals are connected to power source and ground
respective. It is controlled by ECU to decide the injection timing, and
the injector pulse width. Working with 4-valve engine, the unique
2-hole designed injector can provide each intake valve with suitable
fuel quantity to reduce HC emission.
Fuel Pump:
7. Powered by DC 8~16V, and has 2 terminals connector on the pump.
8. The two terminals are connected to power source and ground
respective. The ECU is to control and manage the operation of fuel
pump through electrical power.
9. Its major component is a driving fan pump that equipped with a low
electrical consuming DC motor. Powered by 12V voltage and keep
fuel pressure inside the fuel pump in 2.5 bars, which can offer 14 liters
of fuel per hour.
10. The fuel pump is located inside of the fuel tank, and installed a filter
in front of its inlet so that can prevent from foreign materials sucking
into the fuel pump to damage it and the fuel injector.
By-pass Valve for Idle :
11. Powered by DC 8~16V, and has 2 terminals connector on the pump.
12. The two terminals are connected to power source and ground
respective. The ECU is to control and manage the operation of by-pass
valve through electrical power.
13. Its major component is the solenoid valve of high resistance driven by
electric current.
14. By means of signals from all sensors, ECU outputs a signal to control
the opening angle of the valve so that can adjust air flowing to the
intake manifold through the by-pass valve, and then correct the idle
speed to have engine in normal operation.
Transistor Ignition Coil:
15. Powered by DC 8~16V, and has 2 terminals connector on the coil.
16. The two terminals are connected to power source and ground
respective. Its major component is the high transferring rate
transformer.
17. Its ignition timing is controlled by computer program. From the
signals of ignition timing, crank position sensor, throttle valve position
sensor, and engine temperature sensor as well as intake temperature
sensor, and correspondence with engine speed, then the ECU decides
the ignition timing properly by means of controlling of primary current
in ON & OFF operation to create the secondary voltage of
25000~30000V. And then, the voltage trigged the spark plug ignition.
Such kind of ignition system not only can enhance engine performance
to max. but also increase fuel consumption efficiency and improve
emission quality.
4-10
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4、Fuel Injection System
Intake temperature and pressure sensor:
18. Powered by 5V DC from ECU. It has 4 terminals on the sensor. One
terminal is for power, and 2 terminals are for signal output. And, the
rest one is for ground.
19. The major component of the intake pressure sensor is a variable
transistor IC. Its reference voltage is DC 5V, and output voltage
range is DC 0~5V.
20. It is a sensor of combination by both sensing pressure and temperature,
and can measure the absolute pressure and temperature in intake
process. It also conducts fuel injection quantity correction based on
environmental temperature and position level.
Engine temperature sensor:
21. Powered by 5V DC from ECU, and has 2 terminals connector on the
sensor. One terminal is for voltage output and the other one for
ground.
22. Its major component is the thermo-resistance of negative temperature
coefficient-NTC. (Temperature up, resistance down)
23. It locates onto the cylinder head. Correspondence with engine coolant
temperature change, it transferred to voltage signal and sent to ECU to
calculate current temperature. Then, the ECU will correct fuel
injection time and ignition timing according to engine warm up
condition.
Throttle Valve Position sensor:
24. Powered by 5V DC from ECU, and has 3-terminal connector on the
sensor. One terminal is for power, and one for voltage output, and then
the last one is for ground.
25. Its major component is a highly variable resistor. The input voltage
range: 5V DC.
26. It is located on the side of throttle body. By means of the throttle valve
rotation to cause voltage change in linear, it provides ECU with
current throttle valve openness information. And also, the ECU
conducts the most properly fuel injection and ignition timing
according to the signal.
Throttle Body:
27. The throttle body is the air flow adjustment mechanism of the fuel
injection. (Its function is likely the carburetor.)
28. The throttle valve shaft is to turn the throttle valve position sensor in
synchronously so the ECU that can detect the throttle valve openness
in time.
29. The idle speed air by-pass valve controls the pipe in the throttle body.
ECU adjusts the idle speed air by-pass valve, and airflow is adjusted
by so, which stabilizes idle speed.
Crank position/rpm sensor:
24-1 tooth
24 -1齒
30. It does not need power supply, and has 2-signal terminals connector on
the sensor.
31. Its major component is the magnetic pickup coil, and its output voltage
range is ±0.8~100V.
32. The air gap between the sensor and flywheel must have .07~1.1mm.
By cutting the magnetic field, the magnetic sensor sends an inductive
voltage that is created with the rotation gear (24-1 tooth) on the
flywheel, and the pulse will be sent to the ECU. Then, the ECU
calculates current engine speed and crank position based on the
voltage so that controls fuel injection quantity and ignition timing
properly
4-11
4、Fuel Injection System
O2 sensor:
Powered by 8~16V DC from ECU, and has 4 terminals connector on
the sensor. The first terminal is for power input; the second is for
heating coil. The third is for ground, and the last is for signal output.
The O2 sensor feeds signal to ECU, and the ECU
can control the air/fuel rate around 14.6. It’s a
close –loop control system.
The exhaust catalyzer reaches the best converting
rate when this 14.6 A/F ratio is maintained.
The heating coil resistance <200kohm (30—45kohm)
Troubleshooting on O2 sensor:
NO Diagnostic
Malfunction explanation
Error Code
1 P0136
Bad wire ECU disconnected Coupler damaged or not
connection from O2 sensor
connected properly.
on O2
sensor.
O2 sensor
Coupler wet or pin rusty
terminals rusty
Signal wire short
2 PO141
3 PO171
4
5
6
4-12
Cause
Countermeasure
Connect it tight, or
exchange if
necessary
Check the water seal,
or replace the electric
wires.
The wire thread is torn and Wrap with
grounded.
waterproof tape, or
exchange a new part.
Thread worn or
Abnormal pulling force
Rearrange the wire to
torn
prevent the abnormal
pulling force.
O2 sensor heater abnormal
The heater coil shorted or Check wire
disconnected.
connections between
ECU and O2 sensor.
Replace if necessary
Fuel ratio Fuel ratio too lean Not enough fuel in the
Refill the tank
too rich or
tank
too lean
Fuel supply system
Check the Fuel
congested
supply system
Exhaust pipe leaks
Exchange if
necessary
Fuel ratio too rich Fuel injector leaks
Check or replace if
necessary.
O2 sensor abnormal
Exchange if
necessary.
Excessive grey deposit.
Fuel additives or oil
Exchange if
consumptions deteriorate necessary
the O2 sensor.
Carbon deposit or engine oil Fuel ratio too rich, exhaust Check the relative
attached.
pipe leaks, engine oil
parts, exchange if
consumption.
necessary
Shiny deposit
Contaminated by lead, the Exchange if
platinum or the catalyzer necessary, or use
is deteriorated.
unleaded gasoline.
This chapter Contents
4、Fuel Injection System
7. Fuel Lines
Fuel filter
Fuel tank
Fuel injector
Fuel pump & pressure regulator
Vacuum hose
ECU
Battery
System Description:
1. After key-on, all sensors’ signals sent to the ECU first. The electrical fuel pump will be
activated by ECU signal. If the engine did not start for 2~3 seconds, then the fuel pump will
be turned off to save electricity. The pressure regulator maintains the fuel pressure around
2.5bar, and the fuel injector spray proper fuel quantity according to the conditions and
environmental coefficient. When key-off or engine stopped, the fuel pumps stop operating.
2. The fuel filter is to filter alien materials so it has to be replaced regularly.
3. Do not let the starting motor keep running when the engine cannot start. It will cause battery
voltage to decrease. If the voltage drops under 8V, the pump will not operate. The
countermeasure will be starting the engine by connecting a new battery or with kick-starter.
Injector
The double-hole injector provides each intake valve a fuel jet. This can reduce the
pollution of HC. The shortened version of fuel pump plate makes its size more compact,
and sturdier against shocks. ECU signal controls the regulator to maintain 2.5 bars
between the fuel pressure and the air pressure of inlet pipe. Through controlling the
time length of injection under steady fuel pressure, the system can optimize the fuel
injection quantity according to different engine workloads.
Fuel Pump
Electrical fuel pump is mounted inside the fuel tank. The power source is DC current
provided and controlled by ECU; the pump can provide 14L/hour under the pressure of
2.5 bars.
4-13
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4、Fuel Injection System
8. Ignition System
Spark plug
Throttle valve openness
Intake temperature/pressure
Engine temperature
ECU
RPM/TD
C
Ignition coil
TDC/ crank
position sensor
ACG/flywheel gear
ring (24-1 tooth)
1.
Diode
Principle of operation:
The engine is equipped with a computerized ignition control system that collects signals
from TDC/crankshaft position sensor; throttle position sensor, temperature sensor, and intake
temperature as well as pressure sensor. Then, correspondence with engine RPM, this 8-bite
microcomputer in the system controls ignition timing properly. The secondary coil creates
25000~30000V high voltage to ignite the spark plug by means of the transistor operation of
the primary current entry from the ECU. This can maximize engine performance and also
decrease fuel consumption.
三﹒ Specification
1. Ignition timing: BTDC 5~13°/1600RPM
2. Spark plug: NGK CR7E
Gap: 0.8mm
3. A.C.G. Pulse generator coil:
4.
120+10% Ω (G/W-LY)
Ignition coil:
Primary circuit: 0.63 ± 0.03 Ω (20℃)
5.
Battery:TTZ10S 8.6Ah
Capacity:12 v 8.6Ah
4-14
This chapter Contents
4、Fuel Injection System
9. Crank Position Sensor
The magnetic field type sensor generates a
voltage signal to calculate engine speed with
ACG gear ring (24-1 tooth).
There is one tooth in every 15 degree on the
gear ring. But, one of the teeth is blank for
the TDC calculating base.
No teeth
Flywheel
gear ring
ECU Signal
Secondary
voltage
Sensor signal
Closed
TDC
TDC
Ignition
Time flow
Description:
ECU receives all sensors’ signals to control the throttle valve openness with PWM, and adjust
airflow through the by-pass valve of the intake manifold. It can adjust idle speed for a stably
running engine.
1. When engine cold starting---the by-pass valve open for a while to increase airflow and to
stabilize engine idle speed within initial starting.
2. Warm-up---when engine oil is in low temperature condition, the by-pass valve adjusts airflow
according to engine temperature (engine oil temperature), and raises idle speed.
3. Speed decreasing--- ECU controls the by-pass valve in correspondence with throttle
operation, to provide inlet pipe with proper airflow quantity. Such operation will smooth
the engine rpm reduction process, preventing the engine from stalling, excessive negative
pressure, and also reduce HC emission.
4-15
4、Fuel Injection System
10. Temperature Sensors
Engine temperature sensor
Intake temperature and
pressure sensor
ECU
Engine oil temperature sensor: According to the semiconductor’s characteristic, the sensor detects
the temperature of engine oil and metal parts and then send a voltage signal to
the ECU. On this base, the ECU can correct fuel injection and ignition timing.
NTC-Negative Temperature
Coefficient Resistor
Intake temperature and pressure sensor: Sensor combined both pressure and NTC can detect the
absolute pressure and temperature in the intake manifold, and then
provides the ECU with signal for adjustment fuel injection quantity
based on environmental temperature and air pressure difference from
elevation level change.
4-16
4、Fuel Injection System
11. Air-By-Pass Valve
Fuel Injector
TPS
ECU
Air by-pass valve
Air temperature
Engine oil
Temperature
Engine speed
Manifold pressure
Throttle openness
Description:
ECU receives all sensors’ signals to control the throttle valve openness with PWM, and adjust
airflow through the by-pass valve of the intake manifold. It can adjust idle speed for a stably
running engine.
1. When engine cold starting---the by-pass valve open for a while to increase airflow and to
stabilize engine idle speed within initial starting
2. Warm-up---when engine oil is in low temperature condition, the by-pass valve adjusts airflow
according to engine temperature (engine oil temperature), and raises idle speed.
3. Speed decreasing--- ECU controls the by-pass valve in correspondence with throttle
operation, to provide inlet pipe with proper airflow quantity. Such operation will smooth the
engine rpm reduction process, preventing the engine from stalling, excessive negative
pressure, and also reduce HC emission.
4-17
4、Fuel Injection System
12. O2 sensor
1. O2 sensor feedback the signal to ECU, the signal is the base of air/fuel ratio
adjustment toward the optimized value of 14.6. This is the close-loop system.
2. When A/F ratio is 14.6, the exhaust pollution like CO, HC, NOx conversion rate will
be optimized.
3. The heating coil resistance <200K ohm (30—45kohm)
4-18
4、Fuel Injection System
13. Fuel Tank
Removal of fuel pump/ pressure control
valve/ fuel gauge
Remove the front fender
Remove the front luggage box
Remove Right/Left body cover
Open the seat
Remove the luggage box
Remove the rear carrier
Remove the Right/Left cover
Remove the pedal
(Please refer to chapter 12th for the detailed
removal procedure.)
Disconnect the fuel pump wire coupler.
Remove the pump fuel pump plate (screw×
2)
Remove the right/left foot pedal(bolt×4)
Fuel output pipe
Fuel backflow pipe
Pump power source
Pump fuel pump
plate
bolt×2
nut×2
Fuel overflow pipe
Fuel-filling guide
溢油管
Remove the fuel-filling guide.
Remove the fuel tank
Caution
Check the fuel tank for crack or leakage;
change if necessary.
Fuel Tank assemble:
Install them in reverse procedure of removal
Fuel pump / Fuel gauge removal
Remove the fuel pump plate and the bolts
around the pump (bolt×5)
bolt×5
Fuel pump plate
4-19
4、Fuel Injection System
Fuel pump
Remove the fuel pump assembly
燃油泵
Caution
Check if the seal is broken. Change if
necessary
float
Remove the rubber seal
Fuel pump
Float
Fuel pump and gauge assemble
Install them in reverse procedure of removal
Caution
1.
Do not bend the fuel gauge floating arm.
Do not fill out too much fuel in the tank.
Pay attention to the fuel pump assemble,
the fuel output pipe must be facing
backward
Fuel Pipe
Fuel Pump
14. Pressure regulating Valve
Remove the left body cover (Refer to the
Chapter 13th section 10th)
Remove the Valve assembly (bolt×1)
The valve must be intact and no leakage.
Input pipe
Bolt×1
Caution



Check the output/input/backflow pipes
connecters to see if there’s leakage. The
strainers of the pipes must be tightened.
Make sure the output fuel pressure reaches
2.5 bars
Check the backflow pipe to see if excessive
fuel pressure is released.
4-20
Fuel backflow
pipe
Pressure
regulating
valve
Fuel output pipe
出油管
4、Fuel Injection System
15. Air Cleaner
Remove the air cleaner cover. (Screw x 6)
Screw×6
Remove the air cleaner assembly (Screw×3)。
Screw×3
Caution
The air cleaner is paper-base; please
blow it clean with compressed air. Don’t
use water or other solvent
Installation:
Install the air cleaner in reverse procedure of
removal.
Application of fuel injection system
diagnostics
Open the front luggage cover.
Connect the ECU connector and then turn on the
main switch.
Operate the diagnostic according to its operation
instruction.
4-21
4、Fuel Injection System
16. Trouble Diagnosis & Solutions Of EFI
Readings of Error Code through flash indicator
When the engine might have problem and also no diagnostic to determine, the problem can be judged
by reading the flash times of CHK lamp on the odometer. And then, we can know the solution priority
lamp of the tester operation message table, or the FLASH CODE. Then we can try to fix the problem.
Here are the two descriptions for the two ways:
To show “the solution priority”
Turn the KEY ON directly, and the CHK lamp goes up for 2 seconds. Then, the CHK lamp will lit up
by 3 types for showing the priority of problem solution so that reminds the rider to have the
motorcycle conduct troubleshooting.
The 1st Priority: the CHK lamp lit up by every 0.3 second.
The 2nd Priority: the CHK lamp lit up continuously.
The 3rd Priority: the CHK lamp is not lit up.
Priority
Lit up types
ON
1
OFF
0.3 sec
ON
2
OFF
ON
3
OFF
To show “FLASH CODE”:
Before turning the KEY ON, wide open the throttle valve. Then, turn the KEY ON, the CHK lamp lit
up for 2 seconds and off. But, the CHK lamp will light up again after 3 seconds. In the means time,
close the throttle valve. Finally, it is to determine what problem occurred based on the flash time of
CHK lamp.
Before show up, CHK lamp will light up for 4 seconds first. Then, according to the lamp flash
times (every 0.5 second), the problem will be determined by comparing with the operation message
table. If there has the 2nd problem in the system, the CHK lamp will have flash operation again after
its lit up for 4 seconds.
=Light up
Full Throttle on
2
The 1st problem shown up
3
4
0.
5
0.
5
4
The 2nd problem shown up
4
0.
5
0.
5
0.
5
0.
5
0.
5
0.
5
4
4 seconds for problem
flash ending
4 seconds for problem
flash starting
4 seconds problem flash
ending
始
4 seconds problem flash
starting
Close the throttle valve
3 seconds delay
Turn on the main
switch
Lamp Test
4-22
3
=Light off
4、Fuel Injection System
17. Error Code Message and Solution Operation
DTC Solution Flash
Code Priority code
Message
Solution Operation
1. Stopping the motorcycle immediately, and solve it with
priority
2. Check if the lubricant system for abnormal?
3. Is the ignition or fuel supply system in normal?
4. Has the engine shown burnt?
5. Make sure if the engine temperature sensor is in normal.
6. Make sure if the connector is in normal.
1. Check if the connection of the crank position sensor is
open-circuit.
2. Check if the air gap between the sensor and gear tooth is
within specification.
3. Check if the crank rotation is run-out.
4. Check if the sensor is in normal according to the new
component replacement procedure.
1. Connect the diagnostic and reset the throttle valve position.
Make sure if the idle speed position is within standard
range.
2. Make sure if the wire circuit of the throttle valve position
sensor is loosen or short.
3. Check if the openness of idle speed by-pass valve is within
specification. (40~100%)
4. Adjust the idle speed CO value to specified range.
(0.5%~2.0%)
5. If this problem symptom still existing, check if the throttle
position sensor (TPS) is in normal according to the new
component replacement procedure.
1. Make sure if the wire circuit of the throttle valve position
sensor is loosen or short.
2. If this problem symptom still existing, check if the throttle
position sensor (TPS) is in normal according to the new
component replacement procedure.
P0217
1
1
Engine
temperature
overheat
P0335
2
2
Crank position
sensor
P1120
2
3
Poor contact
of the throttle
valve sensor
4
Application
malfunction of
the throttle
position sensor
5
Rotation speed 1. Make sure if the wire circuit of the throttle valve position sensor
is loosen or short.
malfunction of
2. If this problem still existing, check if the throttle position sensor
the throttle
(TPS) is in normal according to the new component replacement
position sensor
procedure.
P1121
P1122
2
2
P0560
1
6
P0110
2
7
P0410
2
8
1. Make sure if the battery voltage is too low or high (below
10V or exceed 16V)
2.
Make sure if the ACG generator charging system circuit is
Abnormal
short or abnormal.
battery voltage 3. Check if the 15th terminal on the ECU to battery positive
warning
post is short.
4. Make sure if the battery is in normal. Replace it with new
if the battery is out or order.
1. Make sure if the sensor’s resistor is in normal (20℃
Abnormal
2353~2544Ω).
intake
2. Make sure if the sensor’s wire is in open-circuit (the 22nd
terminal on ECU).
temperature
3.
Make sure if the sensor is normal according to the new
sensor
component replacement procedure.
1. Make sure if the sensor’s resistor is open or short circuit.
Abnormal air 2. Make sure if the sensor’s wire is in open-circuit (the 13th
terminal on ECU)
by-pass valve 3. Make sure if the by-pass valve is normal according to the
new component replacement procedure
4-23
4、Fuel Injection System
DTC Solution
Code Priority
P0505
P0251
P0350
2
2
2
Flash
code
9
10
Message
Solution Operation
Application 1.
range
abnormal of 2.
the air by-pass
3.
valve
Check if the openness of idle speed by-pass valve is
within specification. (40~100%)
Make sure if the idle speed valve openness is in normal.
(Stuck or poor adjustment of air screw)
Make sure if the intake manifold is leaking.
1. Make sure if the fuel injector resistance is within
specification. (14.5 Ω , 20℃)
Abnormal
2. Check
if the connector or wire is in open-circuit. (The
3rd terminal of ECU)
fuel injector
3. Make sure if the fuel injector power supplied is normal.
(12~15V)
11
Abnormal
ignition
circuit
1. Make sure if the ignition coil resistor is within
specification. (0.63 Ω , 23℃)
2. Make sure if the connector or wire is in open-circuit.
(The 12th terminal of ECU)
3. Make sure if the ignition coil’s power supplied is in
normal. (12~15V)
4. Make sure if the ignition coils are normal according to
the new component replacement procedure.
1. Make sure if the connector or wire is in open-circuit.
2. Replace with new relay to make sure if this abnormal is
disappeared.
P0230
2
12
Abnormal
fuel pump
relay
P0219
2
13
Engine
over-RPM
1. Engine speed exceed safety limit. Decreasing the speed
and then the DTC code disappeared.
2. Check if the CVT belt is broken.
14
Abnormal
5V driving
voltage
1. Make sure if the 18th terminal of ECU is 5V.
2. Makethsure if the sensor’s power voltage is 5V. (The 16th
& 18 terminals)
Replace the ECU and confirm again.
Too high
RPM when
starting
engine
P1560
2
P0700
2
15
P0115
2
16
P0650
3
18
P0105
2
1. If the engine RPM exceeds 3000rpm as starting, in order
to prevent run-away accident, the ECU will decrease
engine speed or stop the engine.
2. Rider should avoid to starting engine with WOT
suddenly.
1. Check if acceleration cable is stuck. Re-set the idle
1. speed
Make adjustment
sure if the sensor’s
resistor is within specification.
position.。
Abnormal
(25℃, 10319~11981Ω )
engine
2. Make sure if the sensor’s wire is in open-circuit. (9th
terminal of ECU)
temperature
3. Make sure if the sensor is normal according to the new
sensor
component replacement procedure.
Abnormal
1. Check if the warning lamp is burnt.
2. Check if the warning lamp circuit is open. (4th terminal
warning
of ECU)
lamp
1. Check if the sensor’s voltage is within specification. (101kpa,
3.925V)
Abnormal
2. Check if the sensor circuit is open. (the 8th terminal of ECU)
20/21
MAP sensor 3. Make sure if the sensor is normal according to the new
component replacement procedure.
4-24
4、Fuel Injection System
DTC Solution
Code Priority
P0136
P0141
P0171
Flash
code
Message
Solution Operation
2
O2 sensor
wire abnormal
1. Check if the connector pins between O2 sensor
and ECU are rusted or not
2. Check if the signal wire is short.
2
O2 sensor
heating coil
damaged
1. Check if the O2 sensor heating coil is damaged
2
Oil supply
too lean or
too rich.
1. Make sure if the fuel is enough in the tank
2. Check if the fuel system and the exhaust pipe is
leaking
3. Check the injector and the O2 sensor for
malfunctions.
4-25
4、Fuel Injection System
18. EFi Component Malfunction Check& Replacement Procedure (PI
Engine)
PI (Port Injection) → Intake manifold injection engine
Item
1
2
Parts No.
Parts Name
390-002 At least 20000km
life-expectancy
Ignition coil
Check it every
3000km
379-010 At least 20000km
By-pass
valve
3
4-26
Service schedule
life-expectancy
Check it every
3000km
358-016 At least 20000km
life-expectancy
fuel pump
Check it every
and fuel
6000km
regulating
valve
Inspection Method
1. Use Data Scan diagnostic to check if 1.
Adjustment & replacement
procedure
If the ignition coil has to be
changed, erase the DTC codes
with the Data Scan.
Turn off ignition switch, and
replace the coil with new one.
Turn on ignition switch and
make sure the DTC codes
disappear.
the ignition coil has malfunction.
2. Erase the DTC codes and replace with 2.
new coil and confirm again. If the
3.
DTC codes disappear, then the
ignition coil is abnormal. Replace it
with new one.
3. If the DTC codes still exist, replace
the ECU for confirm. If the DTC
codes disappear, then the ECU is
abnormal. Replace it with new one
4. Before the ignition coil is verified for
malfunction, check the coil resistance
and connector wire for short-circuit.
1. Check if the by-pass valve DTC code 1. If the by-pass valve has to be
appears on the diagnostic.
changed, erase the DTC codes
2. Erase the DTC codes and replace with with the Data Scan first.
new one & confirm again. If the DTC 2. Turn off the ignition switch, and
codes disappear, then the by-pass
then replace the valve with new
valve is abnormal. Replace it with
one.
new one.
3. Turn on ignition switch and make
3. If the DTC codes still exist, check if
sure the DTC codes disappear.
the wire connector and by-pass valve 4. Check idle speed CO value and
resistance are normal.
adjust if necessary.
4. If the DTC codes still exist, replace
the ECU for confirmation. If the DTC
codes disappear, then the ECU is
abnormal. Replace it with new one.
1. Connect a pressure gauge between 1. The oil seal has to be replaced
the regulator and fuel injector.
along with replacement of the
2. Make sure fuel pressure is within
fuel-regulating valve.
2.5bar. The pressure should reach
2.5 bars within 3 seconds after
2. Oil seal has to be installed into
turning on ignition switch.
the outer cover before
3. If the fuel pressure is out of the
assembling.
range, check if the fuel pipe is
leaking. And check if the fuel pump
voltage is over 12V?
4. Replace the fuel-regulating valve
and confirm again.
4、Fuel Injection System
4
5
366-005 At least 20000km
life-expectancy
Engine
Check it every
temperature
3000km.
sensor
366-008
Intake
temperature/
pressure
sensor
At least 20000km
life-expectancy
Check every
3000km
1. Is there any DTC code on the Data
Scan diagnostic?
2. Engine temperature has to reach to
environmental temperature after
engine stopped for a while.
3. Erase the DTC codes and replace
with new one and confirm again. If
the DTC codes disappear, then the
sensor is abnormal. Replace it with
new one.
4. If the DTC codes still exist, check if
wire connector and sensor’s
resistance are in normal range
1.
Connect the Data Scan for
inspection. The engine intake
temperature and pressure should
approximate environmental
temperature and atmosphere pressure.
(Execute this task after engine is
stopped for a while)
2. If the DTC codes of intake
temperature or pressure shown on the
Data Scan, replace the pressure sensor
with new one. Check if the DTC
codes are disappearing. If not, check
the connector wires for short-circuit.
Replace the connector if necessary.
3. If the DTC codes still exist, replace
the ECU. But if the DTC codes
disappear, install the original pressure
sensor and check it again. If the
original sensor doesn’t trigger the
DTC error code, replace the ECU with
new one.
1. If the sensor has to be changed,
erase the DTC codes with the
Data Scan diagnostic
2. Turn off ignition switch, and
remove connector.
3. Remove the sensor with tools.
4. Engine temp. Sensor tighten
torque is 0.74~0.88kg-m.
5. Connect the coupler, and the
Data Scan. Then, turn on
ignition switch.
6. Check if the DTC codes
disappear.
7. The value of stopped engine
temperature should approximate
the environmental temperature.
Replacement procedure for T-MAP
(intake temperature/pressure sensor)
1. Turn off the ignition switch.
2. Disconnect the connector of
intake temperature/pressure
sensor. Replace the sensor with
new one.
3. Connect the connector with
Data Scan diagnostic.
4. Turn on the ignition switch, and
check if the intake temperature/
pressure readings close to
environmental temperature and
atmosphere pressure.
Erase the DTC codes, and make
sure the problem is solved.
4-27
4、Fuel Injection System
Item
6
7
8
Parts No.
Service schedule
Inspection Method
Parts Name
308-008
At least 20000km
1. Please refer to idle speed adjustment
life-expectancy
section for the idle speed CO
Throttle
adjustment.
Check
every
3000km
body
2. Connect the Data Scan and check if
the throttle position DTC code
appears.
3. If the code appears, replace the
throttle body to make sure the code
can be erased.
4. If the code disappears, replace the
throttle body.
If the code still exists, replace the ECU
with new one.
Adjustment & replacement
procedure
The throttle body replacement
procedure:
1. Install a new throttle body
2. Make sure there is no leaking.
3. Connect the Data Scan and read
the carbon-accumulated time.
4. Reset the time with the Data
Scan.
5. Reset the throttle position data
with the Data Scan.
6. Throttle valve WOT set up.
Turn off ignition switch, and
WOT the throttle valve and hold.
Turn on the ignition switch and
hold WOT position for 2 seconds.
Then release the throttle valve.
Please refer to the idle speed
adjustment section for the idle speed
CO if necessary.
337-004
At least 20000km
1. Check if the fuel injector DTC code
Fuel injector life-expectancy
appears.
Check every 3000km 2. If the code appears, replace a new
fuel injector for confirmation. If the
code can be erased, then, replace the
fuel injector.
3. If the code still is there after
changing a new injector, check if
connector wire is short.
4. If the code still exists, replace the
ECU with new one. If the code can be
erased after changing the ECU, this
ECU has to be replaced.
Confirmation or replacement
procedure for the fuel injector:
1. Erase the DTC code with the
Data Scan.
2. Turn off ignition switch and
disconnect the fuel injector
coupler.
3. Connect to a new fuel injector.
4. Connect the Data Scan, and
turn on the ignition switch.
5. Make sure the DTC code had
been cleared.
6. Please refer to idle speed
adjustment section for idle speed
CO value confirmation.
(Firstly, make sure if the fuel
injector DTC code had been clear,
and then install a new fuel injector.)
325-002
ECU
ECU replacement procedure:
1. Connect the Data Scan onto the
original ECU.
2. Record the ECU service time.
3. Turn off the ignition switch.
4. Replace the ECU with new one.
5. Re-set the ECU service time.
6. Clean the carbon deposition
around the throttle body.
7. Please refer to idle speed
adjustment section for idle speed
CO value confirmation.
4-28
At least 20000km
1.
life-expectancy
2.
Check every 3000km
Connect the Data Scan.
Record the ECU service time.
4、Fuel Injection System
Item
9
Parts No.
Parts Name
Service schedule
Idle speed Check for new
1. Warm up the motorcycle by running
CO
motorcycle and every
it in 50km/hr for 5 minutes.
Adjustment 3000km.
2. Connect the Data Scan.
3. Record the idle speed CO value, and
engine rpm
4. In o2 sensor closed-loop system,
the CO value should be kept in
normal range. If the CO value
goes wild, please check the O2
sensor, engine, injector, and the
fuel system for malfunction.
10 OZA591- Check on new
BA1
system and
O2
every 3000km
sensor
Adjustment & replacement
procedure
Inspection Method
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
Warm up the motorcycle by
running it in 50km/hr for 5
minutes.
2. Connect the Data Scan.
3. Record the idle speed CO
value, rpm.
4. Use the Data Scan to adjust the
idle speed CO value to be
0.5%~2.0%.
5. Record the idle speed CO
value, rpm and CO variant value.
6. (The engine temperature has to
be in 115℃~140℃, and intake
temperature to be in 25℃~40℃
as adjusting.)
7. Perform ECU learning
Use a Data Scan diagnostic to 1. If O2 sensor should be
check if there’s any DTC code.
exchanged, the DTC code in
Stop the engine for a while, and
ECU must be erased first.
let the engine temperature
2. Turn off the ignition switch,
return to the environmental
and remove the coupler.
temperature.
3. Use the correct tool to remove
Clear the DTC code and replace the sensor.
a new sensor. If the DTC code 4. The tightening torque of the
disappeared, the O2 sensor
O2 sensor is 3.6 to 4.6kgf-m。
should be replaced.
5. Connect the coupler, and the
If the DTC code remains, check
ECU. Turn on the ignition
the wire coupler for loose. And
switch.
also check the sensor for
6. Confirm the DTC code
abnormal resistance.
disappeared.
7. Perform ECU learning
4-29
4、Fuel Injection System
ECU Connector Pin
(R)
15A
(G/W)
(G/W)
(R)
(B)
Main
Switch
Battery
(R)
(B)
(G)
ECU
ECUP
17
(B)
4 LSD2
Check
Lamp
Regulator
(G/W)
(R)
(Gr)
DRVG
01
ACG
(Y)
21 COMK
(G/W)
(Y)
CPS
(L/Y)
CPS+
(G/W)
CPS-
(R/W)
19
(Y/B)
XDRP
18
2
(L/R)
TPIM
07
4
(B/R)
XDRG
B
(P/G)
ETSM
16
FDPP
(B/L)
(R)
15 DRVP(R)
03 FIND
(R)
(G/L)
2
(R)
(Y/B)
MAPM
08
(B/Y)
MATM
22
1
(B/R)
(B)
O2
λ
(Gr)
(W)
(W)
10
LSD4
main switch
14
13 AIND
(W/B)
12 IGND
(B/W)
2
(R)
1
2
Coil
T-MAP
(W/B)
1
By-Pass
Valve
ET
09
A
3
4
2
1
Injector
TPS
1
(G)
(B)
20
5
4-30
(G/B)
Diagnostic Fuel pump
(B)
(Y)
4、Fuel Injection System
ECU
O2
ETSM
MAPM
TPIM
FDPP
LSD2
FIND
DRVG
11
10
09
08
07
06
22
21
20
19
18
17
05
04
03
02
01
16
15
14
13
12
ASTM
COMK
CPSCPS+
XDRP
ECUP
XDRG
DRVP
LSD4
AIND
IGND
ECU learning
Perform timing:
a. After exchanging ECU, Air by-pass valve, O2 sensor, throttle body.
b. After cleaning the throttle body or the air by-pass valve.
c. After disassembling and rebuilding the engine. Or after adjusting the tappet clearance.
d. After adjusting the idle CO value.
Method:
a. Warm the engine by driving the scooter by 50km/h for 5 minutes. ,The engine
temperature should be around 90℃--120℃ (The standard engine temperature
depends on different models or conditions.)
b. Maintain idle for 3—5 Minutes
Reset/Zeroing of the Throttle Position Sensor
Perform timing:
a. After exchanging the ECU or the Throttle body.
b. After adjusting the air screw (Only if necessary)
Method:
a. Connect the ECU
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
Turn on the ignition switch, and enter the reset/zeroing menu. Then press enter.
Turn off the ignition switch, hold the throttle on WOT position.
Turn on the ignition switch under WOT position.
Hold WOT position for 2 or 3 seconds, and release the throttle.
Turn on and off the switch for one time.
Make sure the throttle openness are on zero and 100% WOT position.
4-31
4、Fuel Injection System
NOTES:
4-32
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