COMPUTER NEWS Inside This Issue

COMPUTER NEWS Inside This Issue

Napa Valley

Personal Computer

Users Group

h t t p : / / w w w .

n v p c u g . o r g

P.O. Box 2866

Napa, California 94558



Volume 26, No. 8

Inside This Issue

2 NVPCUG Special Interest Groups

2 NVPCUG Calendar

2 President’s Message

3 Officers List

4 Foxit Reader: A Short Review


DeepPeeping the Web

5 Replay Converter 3.20-

“Stream it - Record it - Keep it”

6 Adobe Photoshop Elements 7,

Classroom in a Book

7 If Your Computer Gets Wet…What?

7 How to Keep Your Laptop

Computing Cool and Your

Wrists Pain-Free

8 Googlepedia

9 How Can I Create User-Friendly Email

People Will Be Happy to Read?

10 Windows 7 XP Mode

12 Twitter – What You Are Doing

Right Now

13 Social Networking – What is it, really?

15 The Best Things In Life Are Free

18 Exploring Microsoft Windows 7

Beta 1

20 Exploring Microsoft Windows 7

Beta 1

22 Free Software Helps Caregivers

23 Uh oh — I’ve Lost the Manual for a


24 O’Reilly eBook Bundles

25 Southwest Computer Conference

26 Membership

Application /Renewal *

Aug 2009

The Napa Valley Personal

Computer Users Group will meet

Wednesday, August 19



7:00-9:00 P.M.

At the Napa Senior Activity Center,

1500 Jefferson Street, Napa, California

Iolo’s System Mechanic will be the main presentation

After meeting information by the President we will have our Random Access, an open-floor questionand-answer period during which attendees can ask questions about computers and computer-related problems and receive helpful information from other meeting attendees. Questions may be submitted before the meeting by emailing them to Random Access moderator Jerry Brown at

[email protected]


The Computer Tutor session will follow. During this months session Coordinator Jeff Solomon will be demonstrating Microsoft WINDOWS 7 RC

(Release Candidate) . He will be showing some new features and how it differs from XP & Vista.

The term release candidate (RC) refers to a version with potential to be a final product, ready to release, unless fatal flaws or bugs emerge. The full retail version of Microsoft WINDOWS 7 is planned to be loaded in new computers and available in stores in time for holiday shoppers. (read pages 18-23 for information about Windows 7)

If you have any questions or ideas for future tutor sessions, please contact Jeff Solomon at

[email protected]


Our main presenter will show us System

Mechaninic 9 and how it can perform computer maintanenceand tune-up, resolve slowdowns and can work behind the scenes to help you keep your computer running smoothly.

Join us for this informative session, bring any questions and prepare to enjoy that new PC feeling again! Copies of System Mechanic will be available for the door prize raffle, as well as purchase.

Could you use some practical information that would help you make better use of your computer? Come to this meeting! Guests are always welcome. Admission is always free.

Interested in becoming a member? See page 16 for application information.

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009

Aug 19

Sept 2

Sept 9

Sept 14

Sept 10

Sept 16

Oct 7

Oct 8

Oct 12

Oct 14

Oct 21








& M




In SIG meetings you can learn about a subject in greater detail than is feasible at NVPCUG general meetings. SIG meetings are open to everyone. M e e t i n g t i m e s a n d locations occasionally change, so for current meeting information, see our Web site,

, or contact the SIG leaders.

Investors SIG

Meets: Monthly, second Monday

5:30 to 7:30 p.m

Jerry Brown’s home,

23 Skipping Rock Way, Napa

Leader: Jerry Brown

(707) 254-9607

[email protected]

Digital Photography SIG

Meets: Monthly, second Wednesday

7:00 to 8:30 p.m

Piner’s Nursing Home,

Conference Room

1800 Pueblo Ave., Napa

Leader: Susy Ball

(707) 337-3998

[email protected]

Napa Valley Mac User Group

Meets: Monthly, second Thursday

6:30 - 8:30 p.m.

Napa Senior Activity Center

1500 Jefferson St., Napa

Leader: Ron Rogers

(707) 226-5352


President’s Message

By Ron Dack, president,,

[email protected]

August 2009

Well here it is summer and the picnic is behind us. This years’ picnic seemed a little out of sorts. For one thing the cook left a lot to be desired.

Maybe because of that it seemed like we didn’t have the variety of dishes to sample that we normally have. The rest of the festivities went great and I think everyone had a good time. I certainly want to thank

Dianne Prior for coordinating the whole thing and Dick & Sandy

Peterson for hosting the event. Picnic pictures will be posted online.

Check for addition after 8/15/09.

I was glad to see Ken Manfree, Lou Schirm, and Mike Ball at the picnic. All of them have been hospitalized for one reason or another lately and it is nice to know they are on the mend.

This year is winding down to a conclusion and it is already time to start thinking about finding a Board of Directors for 2010. Hopefully all or most of the 2009 BoD will stay on for 2010 so there will not be much to change. If you are interested in serving for 2010 please let a current board member know. There are also jobs that you can do without serving on the BoD.

I am looking forward to this month’s general meeting. The computer

I built about 5 or 6 years ago is slowing down and I have been looking for some good safe software to do some system cleaning. “iolo

TechnologiesSystem Mechanic may be just what I am looking for.

If you are interested in getting the most out of your system it behooves you to attend this meeting. If you have friends with computers they might get something out of it too, so bring them. See


for more info. Well that’s all for now see you at the meeting.

Take care,

P.S. We all owe thanks to Ron Dack and his son for doing the


BBQing this year.

NVPCUG General Meetings

Held the third Wednesday of each month, 7:00 to 9:00 p.m.

Napa Senior Activity Center, 1500 Jefferson Street, Napa

7:00-9:00 p.m.

7:00-9:00 p.m.

7:00-8:30 p.m.

5:30-7:30 p.m.

6:30-8:30 p.m.

7:00-9:00 p.m.

7:00-9:00 p.m.

6:30-8:30 p.m.

5:30-7:30 p.m.

7:00-8:30 p.m.

7:00-9:00 p.m.

NVPCUG Calendar

NVPCUG General Meeting +


Board of Directors meeting +


Digital Photography SIG meeting +

Investors SIG meeting +


Napa Valley Mac User Group +


NVPCUG General Meeting +


Board of Directors meeting +



Napa Valley Mac User Group +


Investors SIG meeting +


Digital Photography SIG meeting +


NVPCUG General Meeting +


NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 2

Meeting Locations


- Napa Senior Activity Center,

1500 Jefferson Street, Napa


- Piner’s Nursing Home,

1800 Pueblo Ave., Napa


- Jerry Brown’s home,

23 Skipping Rock Way, Napa


- Peterson’s Family Christmas

Tree Farm, 1120 Darms

Lane, Napa.

Napa Valley Personal Computer

Users Group Contact Information

Officers for 2009


Vice President



Ron Dack

Board of Directors


Dick Peterson

Marcia Waddell

Roy Wagner




[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

Other Directors: Susy Ball, Ron Dack, Jim Gray, Dick Peterson, Bob Simmerman,

Kathy Slavens, Dean Unruh, Marcia Waddell, and Roy Wagner.


Jim Gray unlisted

[email protected]

Appointed Officers

Computer Tutor Coordinator

Jeff Solomon 553-2114

Facility Arrangements Coordinator

Dianne Prior 252-1506

Greeter Coordinator

Kathy Slavens 251-9193

Greeter Coordinator

Bob Simmerman 259-6113


Dean Unruh 226-9164

Membership Director

Bob Simmerman 259-6113

Newsletter Circulator

Jim Hearn 224-2540

Newsletter Editor

Susy Ball

Product Review CoCoordinator

Susy Ball



Product Review CoCoordinator

Marcia Waddell

Programs Director

Susy Ball



[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]

Publicity Director

Ron Dack

Random Access Moderator

Jerry Brown unlisted


Special Projects Director


[email protected]

[email protected]

[email protected]


Ron Dack unlisted

• All telephone numbers are in Area Code 707.

[email protected]

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 3


Computer News

Computer News (ISS

0897-5744) is published monthly by the Napa Valley

Personal Computer

Users Group, Inc.

(NVPCUG), P.O. Box

2866, Napa, CA


Subscriptions: $30 for one year (12 issues).

Editor: Susy Ball,

[email protected].

The material in

Computer News is intended for noncommercial purposes and may not be reproduced without prior written permission, except that permission for reproducing articles, with authors properly credited, is granted to other computer user groups for their internal, nonprofit use only. The information in this newsletter is believed to be correct. However, the NVPCUG can assume neither responsibility for errors or omissions nor liability for any damages resulting from the use or misuse of any information.

The NVPCUG is an IRC

501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofit educational organization (EIN 68-

0069663) and is a member of the

Association of Personal

Computer User Groups

(APCUG), an international organization. Donations to the NVPCUG are tax-deductible as charitable contributions to the extent allowed by law. Copyright © 2008 by NVPCUG.

Foxit Reader: A Short


By Sharon Walbran, Editor, TCPC Digital Viking, Twin Cities PC

User Group, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota,,

[email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

A Worthy Alternative to Adobe Reader

When one of my clients was concerned about hacker threats to Adobe Reader last winter I went in search of alternative software. I found the free version of Foxit

Reader at pdf/reader/

It’s well worth a look! Here are just some of the advantages:

Small Size. The file is about one-sixth the size of the latest free version of Adobe Reader and takes seconds to download and install. The small footprint is great for older computers or those short on hard drive space. There is also a U3 version for flash drives.

Speed. It starts up fast and runs fast. No delays while splash screens load. Printing is also speedy.

“No surprises.” Foxit Reader will remind you of Adobe

Reader—same interface, menus and toolbars so the transition is painless.

Open multiple files in tabbed format. If you like the ability to open several web pages on tabs in Mozilla

Firefox you’ll like the tabbed format of Foxit Reader as well. View several PDF files at a time and switch between them easily by clicking the tabs.

Mark up and leave comments on PDF documents. You can insert text boxes with comments right in line with text in the PDF document or draw arrows and graphics or highlight text. This is very helpful, especially when you are collaborating on a document with others.

Take it for a test run. You will not be disappointed.



DeepPeeping the Web

By Jerry Goldstein, Vice President & Newsletter Editor, The PCUG of Connecticut,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Last summer Google announced it had passed the one trillionth mark in its list of known and searchable

Web pages.

If you think Google does the best job of searching the

World Wide Web you will be in for a big surprise. By ‘big’

I mean a search engine that goes way beyond standard search engines like Google, which only look at the surface of the Web compared to the vast, deep, and so far uncharted depths of the Web. I say “you will be in for a big surprise” because a deeper search engine is only in it’s initial research stages.

Standard search engines only skim the surface of the Web.

Kind of like you’re looking over the surface of the ocean, instead of looking into its vast undersea life. The plan is to create a search engine that will open 90% of the Web to searches.

A study at the University of Utah is trying to find a way. The study searches typed text rather than the hyperlinks that the present search engines use. A beta v e r s i o n o f D e e p P e e p i s a v a i l a b l e a t :

We have a long way to go but eventually almost the entirety of the Web will be searchable. Web pages exist already that tell you the best taxi fare, flight schedules, and shopping catalogs. DeepPeep wants to give you access to this information. A whole new way of searching has to be worked out first.

Scientists have said that 90% of what we know was discovered in the last 50 years. DeepPeep is working out a way to get that knowledge to you.


NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 4

Replay Converter 3.20-

“Stream it - Record it - Keep it”

Applian Technologies,

A review by Gregory West, Editor, Sarnia Computer Users’ Group, Canada,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Applian offers a “try before you buy”

and a

30-day Money Back Guarantee.

Program File Size: 21 MB

Cost: $29.

95 USA

First of all, I would like to state that this company offers excellent support. I use several of their programs and have had no problems. The programs do exactly as advertised.

Download Replay

Converter supports the following video and audio formats:



Windows Media Video (WMV)

Real Video (RM)


MPEG 4 - MPEG-1 - MPEG-2

Quick Time (MOV)

Flash Video (FLV)

Flash (SWF)

• iPod/iPhone - 3GP (for Mobile Phones)

• Play Station Portable MPEG 4 formats


What do you do with a video once you have downloaded it?

If you need to convert video files, audio files, or Rip and

Burn DVD

’ s this program is a “must have”. As stated, this program also “Works great with YouTube, FLV files, iPod/iPhone”. As all


’ s software, it is easy to use, fast, and supports all major file formats.

With this program you are in complete control. You do not need to know about confusing encodings either. With just the click of a button you just pick the format you want and in no time the work is done. However, if you do want to go under the hood and make some adjustments you can

“trigger an Option to change things like bit rate, frames per second, or other encoding parameters before a conversion runs” and edit like the pros.

CD (Audio CD and Data CD)



AAC (M4A) iPod/iPhone Audiobook (M4B/AAC) OGG

Windows Media Audio (WMA)


Real Audio (RA)

Download Replay Converter is another amazing software program from Applian Technologies designed for anyone converting video and audio formats.


NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 5

Adobe Photoshop Elements 7,

Classroom in a Book

Reviewed by Willis Irons, a member of the Tucson Computer Society, AZ, eJournal of the

TCS, June 2009 ,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

This book is part of the official training series from Adobe graphics and publishing software developed by Adobe product experts. Eleven lessons in this book are made up of a series of self-paced projects that give a hands on experience using Photoshop Elements 7. An included CD contains all the image files used in this book.

were each used with the same files for comparison. Applying multiple Smart Paint adjustments to a drab sky was illuminating.

No pun intended.

The book covers the basics of learning Adobe Photoshop

Elements and provides countless tips and techniques to help become more productive with the program. Each lesson has clear explanations and step-by-step instructions.

The book contains approximately 370 pages allowing indepth study of many topics.

The approach is definitely from a technical how-to-doit. Very little mention is made about using a camera for recording a scene or composing an ideal visual photograph. Encouragement is given to starting with the best conditions possible.

The more techniques that you are to master, the more likely that you can meet the challenge of fixing a difficult photograph. At this time sophisticated selection methods were introduced as well as a more in-depth look at layers. The next lesson was concerned with fixing exposure problems. Adjustment layers and blending modes were explained and demonstrated. Multiple images can be automatically fixed in batches with good results. Several methods and approaches are shown.

I began using Elements during the earliest versions and was using version 7 prior to receiving the book, so I felt that I was reasonably proficient. However I decided that I would not skip even one step of any lesson. That was a good decision. I continually was introduced to a new or more efficient technique, a time saving automated workflow or working with multiple files in batches.

One lesson explores working with text. Included is a section on overlaying text that provides the ability to add a copyright of various appearances. Creating a type mask is demonstrated.

Another lesson is devoted to combining multiple images easily. The lesson learned: do not believe any image that you see.

For example, the Organizer is much more complex than

I had been aware of. The suggestion is made to work with multiple catalogs, each with a separate project to provide a more efficient workflow. Catalogs can then be combined.

The search portion is much more sophisticated than I had discovered. A wonderful new option for me was to discover the method for capturing frames from digital video. Do you know that you can import whole pages or just selected images from a PDF document?

And another very good lesson is provided regarding editing RAW images.


This was a very interesting and informative book.

Time-wise I spent the best part of three days reviewing each lesson and completing suggested assignments.

Now, if I can just remember and use what I have learned! Practice. Practice.


One lengthy lesson is devoted to creating projects. The slide show editor is very adequate for most creations.

Many options are available for an appealing show. While assembling a complex photo montage from a blank screen the subject of layers is introduced. The artwork library is also introduced and explained. Several methods of sharing are the discussed including Online Album. This service can also be used for backup of all photo files.

The lesson about adjusting color in images is in depth.

The three Edit modes are demonstrated and explained.

Each has advantages. Guided edit, Quick Fix and Full edit




About: Adobe Photoshop Elements 7, Classroom


123456789012345678901234567890121234567890123456789012345678901 in a Book




Publisher: Adobe Press

















ISBN-10: 0321573900




Price: $44


, $29


@ Amazon



NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 6

If Your Computer Gets Wet…What?

Written by Bob Schwartz, a member of HAL-PC, Texas,


[email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

What to do if something wet spills on your electronic device or it falls into wet whatever?

The following is not guaranteed but represents years of experience.

Quick, unplug it! Unless there is a likely shock hazard.

Look up the instructions (best to do this when you buy it).

Find out if there is any prohibition against using ALCOHOL.

Alcohol can dissolve some materials.

There are generally two items to have handy. One is distilled water to first wash off and dilute any spill, especially anything that might be conductive. The second is alcohol, 90+% isopropyl (rubbing) alcohol. Ethyl alcohol or ethanol – 90%

- will work too. Alcohol has an affinity for water. Rinsing the item first with the distilled water and then with alcohol will dilute, pick up water, carry it away, and evaporate quickly.

The higher percent alcohol 90% vs 50% have a greater affinity for water.

Time is important. You do not want water to soak into an otherwise insulating medium, especially water that contains something conductive like salt. It will leave a conductive residue that will short out portions of the device. That is why you want to rinse first with distilled water to carry away any conductive residue and then the alcohol to remove the water film. Most tap water has dissolved minerals that remain after the water evaporates, hence the distilled water to rinse these away.

After, and I repeat AFTER, the above cleaning, you can use

very modest heat to help dry out the item. You can use a hair dryer at some distance. Make sure you don’t heat the item any hotter than is comfortable to hold. Some plastic materials deform at relatively low temperatures.

Remember the order: (1) rinse with distilled water (2) rinse with alcohol (3) warm gently with hair dryer or warming oven.

For items immersed in flood waters, the above approach can be tried but the outlook is not promising. Generally the conductive flood waters have had time to soak into the various insulating materials and are almost impossible to remove. Still, it may be worth a try, especially if you have the time and possible success is worth the effort. Distilled water and alcohol are not very expensive. Most circuit boards are coated with varnish to resist moisture. In this case, wash repeatedly with distilled water. Use a soft brush to remove any remaining film such as mud. Then, the alcohol followed by the dryer. Using the dryer prematurely can “set” the offending material to the point that it may be almost unremovable. So save it for the very last step after you are sure things are clean. Your efforts may save part if not all of the equipment.


Bob Schwartz is a HAL-PC member, retired EE, 14 patents, technical writer, active in civic affairs: President, Brays

Bayou Association; Vice President, Marilyn Estates Civic

Association; Correspondence Secretary with the Willow Waterhole

Greenspace Conservancy.

How to Keep Your Laptop Computing

Cool and Your Wrists Pain-Free

Written by Gabe Goldberg, Computers and Publishing, Inc.,

[email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Laptop computers are increasingly popular, with sales rivaling or surpassing those of traditional tower systems. Several positive factors drive this trend: decreasing prices, more powerful models, and common availability of wireless network access (WiFi).

But more capable notebook systems often run hotter, causing two problems: discomfort when they rest on your lap, and heat-related early failures.

Fortunately, several versions of a simple and economical gadget


> solve both problems, while also making it easier to operate the laptop: Laptop

Desk from LapWorks.

Consisting of three parts — two sturdy hinged pieces with no-slip rubber pads for gripping the laptop, and a small adjusting bar – the lightweight devices tilt the PC for much easier typing and allow air circulation underneath. Unfolded, the pieces lock into a 21" platform, easily balanced on one’s lap; some models can attach optional mousepads to enlarge available workspace.

This portable workspace avoids struggling to balance a laptop or type at an awkward angle, and extends laptop life by reducing electronics heat.

In addition to keeping your laptop computer nicely air conditioned, the Laptop Desk positions its keyboard for easier and more comfortable typing, reducing strain on fingers and wrists. The Web site features advice from a Certified Associate Ergonomist and a comprehensive white paper about portable computer ergonomics. It also provides (hidden, oddly, on the About Us page) a quick diagram of best setup and posture for laptop use, a laptop care-and-feeding guide with usage tips, and a direct line to Wendy the ergonomist who answers questions and gives advice on laptop ergonomics.

Best of all, there’s no argument about which operating system is better Laptop Desk is equally cool for Mac, Windows, Linux, or any other laptop PC operating system you might favor. It’s available from the manufacturer and at retail electronics stores for about $30.

The Web site lists almost two dozen awards the product has received — some big-nameworthy, others obscure. But I knew this product was a winner when, soon after it arrived, my very much nongeek wife appropriated it for her laptop and announced that where it goes, her Laptop Desk is sure to follow.


Note :

Members check your NVPCUG member email for LAPWORK discount.

This article first appeared on the Tiplet Web site,


> and is copyrighted by the author, Gabriel

Goldberg. All rights are reserved; it may be reproduced, downloaded, or disseminated, for single use, or by nonprofit organizations for educational purposes, with attribution to Tiplet and the author. It should be unchanged and this paragraph must be included. Please e-mail the author at

[email protected]

when you use it, or for permission to excerpt or condense. Tiplet’s free newsletter provides weekly computer tips.

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 7


A review by George Harding, President, Tucson Computer Society, AZ,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).


Google Earth, Sky and Mars. Tools to explore these areas.

This book is the greatest! If you are interested in anything

Google, this is the place to go to find out about it.

This is a Que book, the 3rd edition, by Michael

Miller, who is a prolific author for Que. He’s written some 80 non-fiction how-to books, mostly about computer-related subjects.

y y y y

Google Gmail. An email portal.

Google Groups. Create and join specific discussion groups.

Google Maps. View maps and driving directions.

Google Notebook. Store web information you come across.


Google Reader. Display articles and headlines from blogs and RSS feeds.

The book has over 700 pages, including a comprehensive index, a very complete Table of

Contents, 46 chapters and 3 appendices.

I suspect that a 4 th

edition is not far off, because

Google is constantly developing new tools that you will want to know about.

y y

Google Scholar. Read and search scholarly journals and articles.

Google Transit. Plan your trip using public transportation.


Google News and Web Alerts. Be advised of new material that meets your criteria.

The best known Google tool is the Web Search engine. In the olden days, say five years ago, there were several search engines, all of which produced a list of results that contained many duplicates and may not even have produced something useful to you.


And more…

Google took a new approach to produce search results that do not have duplicates, are up-to-date and are sequenced by probable usefulness to you. They do this by the following process:

Periodically, usually every few weeks, their

GoogleBot crawler searches the web for each page, tracks every link in the page and saves a copy of each page it encounters on its servers.

Each chapter tells you about a

Google service and how to use it.

Each description is described s i m p l y t o b e g i n w i t h , b u t continues with more details about how to make use of special features. You can easily be an expert user of any of their tools through this book.

Google creates an index to each of the saved pages, storing every important word on each page.

Once a search of the pages is complete, the results are ranked by methods known only by Google.

All of these services came out of the Google Labs, which is essentially an R & D facility. It is constantly on the search for new, useful tools for users. One recently announced service is Google Voice that gives you free phone calls within the US, but also forwards calls to your cell phone and land line and transcribes voice messages into email.

The rankings are displayed on the search results page in order by what is likely to be the most important to you, to the least likely. There are many techniques to making a successful search, and these are described fully in the book. Using quotes or operators can significantly improve the accuracy of your search.

What’s most interesting, though, is all the other services provided by Google. I suspect you, like me, are not aware of many of these:


GOOG-411. Search for businesses by voice from your cell phone. Dial 1-800-GOOG-411 to try it out.


Google Desktop. Create a home page environment that has just what you want on it.


Google Docs. Word processing, spreadsheet and presentation documents on the web, sharable with others.

I found this book fascinating, because it opened my eyes to all the things that are available from Google.

It will take me some time to learn about the ones in which I’m interested.






About: Googlepedia





Author: Michael Miller





Publisher: Que Publications











ISBN-10: 0789738201





ISBN-13: 978-0789738202





Price: $30, $24 with free membership



NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 8

How Can I Create User-

Friendly Email People Will Be

Happy to Read?

Written by Gabe Goldberg, Computers and Publishing, Inc.,

[email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Copy or Carbon Copy).

If you’re sending to more than just a few people, especially if they’re not a close-knit group, list addressees in the BCC (Blind

Courtesy Copy) field. This has important advantages: It hides addressees, keeping them confidential and preventing them from being captured by spammers, and it keeps your note from being bloated and hard to read.

Most email software allows you to specify which field (To, CC, BCC) an addressee should appear in; choices are often in pulldown lists at the top of the email composition window.

If you’re one of several addressees (listed in To or CC) think carefully before you Reply All. Be sure that everyone needs to see your reply before sending it. ALWAYS double check To and CC lists before clicking Send.

What could be simpler than sending email? You type, someone (sometimes many someones!) reads. But aren’t there some people whose email you enjoy reading and some whose notes are annoying or even painful to slog through?

Simple tips will make YOU a “favored corresponder” and get your email read sooner rather than later.

High on the list of musts is trimming what you quote when replying. That is, remove (highlight with mouse and press

Delete key) all text that isn’t essential, isn’t related to your reply. Especially remove repeated mailing list information and old sig(nature) files from the bottom of your reply.

When this basic housekeeping isn’t done, after a few backand-forth exchanges, notes can grow to hundreds of lines, making it hard to find whatever is added each time. It’s especially bad on discussion mailing lists.

Before you Reply All, ensure that you ARE on the note’s To or CC list. If you’re not, you received a blind copy — so addressees don’t know you did. If you Reply All you may embareass the original sender and yourself.

Don’t use ALL capital letters — that’s considered shouting.

Stay calm; out-of-control ranting is called “flaming” and is never popular. If you’re responding to something irritating or worrisome, let your note sit overnight before sending it.

You may feel calmer the next day. Sometimes it’s useful to have someone review such a note for you before it’s sent.

Remember that the Internet never forgets — and once you send an email you never know and can’t control where it ends up.

For more tips, Google <a href =”

h t t p : / /”>

email etiquette</a>. A top hit <a href = “


”> </a> gives

32 concise rules for sending effective email replies.


Opinions differ on how best to add reply text. I usually put it at the top of my notes, so it’s the first thing seen when the note is opened.

But if a discussion is complex, I’ll interleave my typing between paragraphs I answer. When done consistently, both these techniques create a log of what’s been said, easily reviewed from bottom (oldest material) to top (newest). Some people add replies at bottom but I find that a bit confusing.

When writing to multiple people, distinguish between people receiving the note for action/reply (listed in To field) and those getting it for information only (CC, Courtesy

This article first appeared on the Tiplet Web site,


> and is copyrighted by the author,

Gabriel Goldberg. All rights are reserved; it may be reproduced, downloaded, or disseminated, for single use, or by nonprofit organizations for educational purposes, with attribution to Tiplet and the author. It should be unchanged and this paragraph must be included. Please e-mail the author at

[email protected]

when you use it, or for permission to excerpt or condense. Tiplet’s free newsletter provides weekly computer tips.

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 9

Windows 7 XP Mode

Written by Ash Nallawalla, APCUG Director, Review Editor, Melbourne PCUG, Australia,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

I will be writing a review of Windows 7 in due course, but here is a preview of a key feature that will interest many readers.

Windows XP Mode

Windows XP Mode is aimed at small business users who wish to run their Windows XP-era applications on their Windows 7 desktop. They might have avoided upgrading to Windows Vista owing to an incompatibility with their old programs or the simple reason of

“Windows XP does the job.” However, as they buy new computers later this year or by January 2010, they might find a copy of Windows 7 included with the purchase, or they may have other compelling reasons to upgrade.

An exciting optional feature that was kept under wraps until recently was

Windows XP Mode (XPM). This feature will work in certain editions but is an additional download.

IT Professionals

Wi n d o w s X P M i s n o t recommended for corporate d e p l o y m e n t s . Wa i t f o r

Microsoft Enterprise Desktop

Vi r t u a l i s a t i o n ( M E D - V )

Version 2.0, which will be released as a beta 90 days after the general availability (GA) of Windows 7.

MED-V v1 is currently available for Windows

Vista and it enables Virtual PC deployment in larger organisations. It provides centralised management, policy-based provisioning and virtual image delivery.

Key Facts

Windows XPM is included with

Windows 7 Professional, Windows

7 Ultimate and Windows 7

Enterprise customers.

Windows XPM combines

Windows Virtual PC and a preinstalled virtual Windows XP environment to enable users to run many older applications.

Windows Virtual PC enables users to launch virtual applications from the Windows 7 Start menu.

Windows Virtual PC includes support for USB devices and is based on a new code base that includes multi-threading support.

Windows XPM is pre-configured with the Windows XP firewall and can apply updates automatically from Windows Update. It is not pre-configured with anti-virus or anti-malware software, which need to be sourced separately.

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 10

MED-V v1 builds on Microsoft Virtual PC 2007 to help enterprises with their upgrade to Windows

Vista when applications are not yet compatible.

MED-V v2 will add support for Windows 7 (both

32 bit and 64bit) and Windows Virtual PC.

Windows XPM is for SMBs

Windows XPM stand-alone is intended for small and medium business (SMB) users who can install their

XP applications themselves and who might not have

IT Professional staff. Each PC has its own virtual

Windows XP environment that is controlled and managed by the user.

Windows XPM is best suited for older business and productivity applications such as accounting, inventory and similar software. These applications tend to conform to the basic Windows Application Programming

Interface (API ).

Windows XPM not for Consumers

Windows XP Mode does not have 100 percent compatibility with all Windows XP software. It is not aimed at home users because many consumer programs require extensive use of hardware interfaces such as 3-

D graphics, audio, and TV tuners that do not work well under virtualisation today.

In Use

Windows XPM is available from the Windows 7 Start menu. It displays a regular Windows XP desktop and you can install your old software from there just as you would on a Windows XP machine. Thereafter, those programs appear just below the Windows

XPM menu item.


Of course, there’s always a catch. Not all CPUs will support Windows XPM. You need hardwarebased virtualisation (go and check your CPU specs now). Intel and AMD have CPUs that have this feature but don’t assume all recently purchased

CPUs support hardware virtualisation. See these sites for more information.


Intel: technology/virtualization/




My PC is about six months old and has a Core 2 Quad processor - the Q6600 chip. I checked this Intel page to confirm that I’ll be able to test this feature when I get my hands on it: y cpu.aspx?groupId=29765

The next thing to check is for BIOS support on your motherboard. I have an Asus P5K SE/EPU and its user guide mentions Vanderpool support is enabled by default

(you can turn it off). Vanderpool was the code name for

Intel Virtualisation.

While Windows XPM isn’t for everyone, it will certainly address the need of some businesses that need to run legacy applications.


NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 11

Twitter – What You Are Doing Right Now

By Ira Wilsker, APCUG Director; Columnist, The Examiner, Beaumont, TX; Radio Talk Show


[email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).


Several of the readers of this column asked me, “What is

T w i t t e r ? ” following the media reports that senators and congress people were

“ Tw i t t e r i n g ” during recent presidential speeches. Twitter (the internet service and the person who does the posting) and Twittering or Tweeting

(the posting of personal activities on Twitter) has become one of the most popular ways of communicating one’s activities so that others can follow what is going on in the life of a Twitter. The service is self-described as, “Twitter is a service for friends, family, and co–workers to communicate and stay c o n n e c t e d through the exchange of quick, frequent answers to one s i m p l e question: What are you doing?” According to some of the national media quoted by, “The New York

Times calls Twitter “one of the fastest-growing phenomena on the Internet.” TIME Magazine says, “Twitter is on its way to becoming the next killer app,” and Newsweek noted that “Suddenly, it seems as though all the world’s atwitter.” One may wonder why a Twitter user would post his daily activities as they occur; Twitter explains it this way, “Why? Because even basic updates are meaningful to family members, friends, or colleagues—especially when they’re timely.”

Just to experience the life of a Twitter, I went to

and signed up for a free account.

The signup process was very fast and easy, only asking for me to create my user name, create a secure password, and entering my email address. After creating my account, I was given the opportunity to upload a photo of myself for display to anyone that views my Twitter page, and allow me to customize my page to control the way others view it. I entered my first short message that I was using

Twitter, and it appeared on my n o w personalized webpage. Since messages and other postings are intended to appear as text messages on cell phones as well as on a webpage, individual postings are limited to 140 characters, the maximum length of a text message (SMS) allowed on most cell phone systems. As I was typing this column, I posted a Twitter (message) that

I was typing this column; if anyone is following my activities at this instant, he would receive this news as a text message on his cell phone, as an RSS feed on his computer, and email, or by simply viewing my Twitter webpage. On my view of my webpage is a text box where I can type my current activity, as long as I keep it under 140 characters, as shown by the counter adjacent to the text box. Postings can be made or received by computer, cell phone text message, Blackberry, or other communications device.

Postings can also be received on any newsreader that uses the RSS format news feed.

Twitter makes it very easy to find friends who also

Twitter. By clicking on the “Find People” icon, a window is opened that says “Find people”. Follow them”. To locate friends on Twitter, I chose to allow Twitter to access my email address book to determine if any of my current correspondents are on Twitter. Twitter can access (but only with your express permission) address books on Yahoo,

Gmail, AOL, Hotmail, and MSN. It will quickly scan the online address book, and match any email addresses in the address book against the millions already in the

T w i t t e r d a t a b a s e .

Twitter states that it does not save the email addresses and

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 12

passwords, and does not send out emails to those located without express permission to do so. I also used the “Find on Twitter” feature to enter my last name to see if any of my relatives are on Twitter, and add them to my friends list.

Just as a lark, I entered the names of some of our elected officials, and found that several of them do have Twitter accounts. If I want to invite friends by personal email, I can enter their email addresses in the “Invite by Email” box, and Twitter will send them an invitation.

If I want to add celebrities to my friend’s list, I can click on “Suggested

Uses”, and a list of celebrities who

Twitter will be displayed. By checking the box adjacent to their names, we can exchange Twitter posts and monitor each others’ activities. Some of the more interesting celebrities and online services that can be added to anyone’s Twitter friends list are the

Jodrell Bank observatory, the Dell

Outlet Store, JetBlue Airways Customer Service (monitors

Twitter 24/7), the New York Times, 10 Downing Street

(the official residence of the British Prime Minister), rapper M. C. Hammer, CNN Breaking News, Al Gore,

John McCain, Whole Foods Market (Fresh organic tweets from Whole Foods Market HQ in Austin), Lance

Armstrong, Britney Spears (Yes! This is the real Britney

Spears!), George Stephanopoulos (ABC News Chief

Washington Correspondent and Host of “This Week”),

Women’s Wear Daily, the Nightline TV news show, Martha

Stewart, comedian and magician Penn Jillette, rapper 50 cent, and many more. The business and news outlets listed post breaking news or special deals to their Twitter friends.

One that I added, being the nascent bargain shopper, is, which posts one deeply discounted bargain each day in each of its merchandise categories.

Twitter, the company, is headquartered in San Francisco, and was founded in 2006. It is a small company, with only a few dozen employees, but has millions of members. It has a marketing model to generate revenue, but the revenue model has not yet been implemented, leaving all of the posts and web pages currently free of advertising.

I am not sure how much I will be using Twitter on a regular basis by posting my personal activities and short commentaries, but I will check my page occasionally just to see who is following my activities. The main purpose of Twitter is to answer the question, “What are you doing?” For those who want others to be able to know the answer in real time, they can do so with Twitter.


Social Networking – What is it, really?

Written by Phil Sorrentino, President, Sarasota PCUG, Florida,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Social Networking is all over the news; Facebook,

LinkedIn, and Twitter are the ones that get the most play.

So what are they, really? Well, they’re websites that provide another way of keeping in touch with friends, family, and associates. What are some older social networking methods? Maybe, the Telegram, the Telephone,

Visiting on Sunday, Writing Letters. These are all ways of keeping in touch with your family and/or circle of friends.

Yesterday we had these less technical ways of keeping in touch. Today we have the computer to help us keep in touch via email, instant messaging, Voice Over Internet

Protocol (VOIP) telephone, and social networking. Social networking has encouraged new ways to communicate and share information. Social networking websites are being used regularly by millions of people, and it now seems that social networking will become a regular part of everyday computer life.

Social Networking is probably the newest technology and revolves around an internet website that provides social networking services. How about this for a definition of a social network: A site that allow individuals to construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system; to create a list of other users with whom they have a connection; and to view their list of connections and those made by others within the system. With that in mind, a social network focuses on building online communities of people who share interests and/or activities. Most social network services are web based and provide a variety of ways for users to interact, such as e-mail and instant messaging.

On many of the large Social Networking sites, participants are not necessarily “networking” or looking to meet new people; instead, they are primarily communicating with people who are already a part of their extended social network, such as on Facebook and Twitter.

While it could be said that email and regular websites have most of the essential elements of social networks, the social networking sites make it easy to use. Here’s a look at some of the more popular sites.

Social Networking cont. on page 14

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 13

Social Networking cont. from page 13

Linkedin (

) – LinkedIn is mostly for business people and professionals. People use it to maintain contacts and to develop new business opportunities. To use LinkedIn, you create a profile where you describe yourself, listing work and education history, skills, specialties, etc. Just like a resume. Once you have your profile, you start connecting to others. That’s the driving force behind LinkedIn. You use your connections to promote yourself and build relationships.

picture of themselves, create their “profile” and can often be “friends” with other users. In most social networks, both users must confirm that they are friends before they are linked. For example, if Alice lists Bob as a friend, then

Bob would have to approve Alice’s friend request before they are listed as friends. Some social networking sites have a “favorites” feature that does not need approval from the other user. Social networks usually have privacy controls that allow the user to choose who can view their profile or contact them, etc.

Privacy of Social Networks is a big concern. On large social networks, there have been growing concerns about users giving out too much personal information and the threat of sexual predators. Users of these networks need to be aware of data theft and viruses. However, large networks often work with law enforcement to try to prevent such incidents.

Access to one’s information is also of great concern.

Many social networks such as Facebook, provide the user the choice of who can view their profile. This prevents unauthorized user(s) from accessing their information. To edit information on a social network account, the site usually requires you to login or provide an access code.

This prevents unauthorized users from editing an account such as posting pictures or changing personal information.

Social Networking is a promising new technology for staying in touch. Give it a try, there must be some group of people you would like to keep in touch with.


Twitter (

) – Twitter is a micro blogging service. When it started out, people used it to tell others what they were doing at various times during the day. Now it has evolved into a way to tell people about your activities and then provide a link to further details.

SPCUG as a group could have its own Twitter account.

Once we had it, interested members could “follow” it and receive our group information known as “tweets” delivered to them. A Twitter “tweet” has a limit of 140 characters.

This may possibly be a substitute for our use of Constant

Contact to contact the membership for changes in educational class schedules.

Facebook (


Facebook is sort of a cross between LinkedIn and Twitter.

Facebook used to be mainly for students, but has become more mainstream. Like LinkedIn, you build a profile of yourself, where you talk about what your interests and hobbies are. Like Twitter, you can do micro blogging about things you want people to know. In Facebook, you have friends as opposed to connections or followers.

Users of Social Networks, in general, can upload a

Eliminate Music Clutter

If you have too many CDs lying around, transfer them onto your computer to digital form. You can then store them on an MP3 player or a media extender. It will be easy to search and organize your music and take it with you on long road trips, plus you’ll have a backup of your music collection, should a CD get lost or stolen.

Be Good To Your Hearing

The next time you take a flight and want to listen to some tunes, consider using a noise-canceling pair of headphones. Plane cabins are noisy, and in order to compensate, you’re likely to turn up your audio to levels that can be harmful to your hearing. Because a noise-cancelling pair of headphones will drone out ambient noise, you’ll be able to enjoy your songs at a comfortable hearing level.

Display The Desktop

Get back to your Desktop without closing each open window individually by simultaneously pressing the

Windows Logo Key and D.

Reprinted with permission from Smart Computing. Visit

to learn what Smart

Computing can do for you and your user group!

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 14

The Best Things In Life Are Free

Written by Lou Torraca, President, The TUG, HI,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

the open source world has to offer.

The moon belongs to everyone,

The best things in life are free.

The stars belong to everyone,

They gleam there for you and me.

The flowers in spring, the robins that sing,

The moonbeams that shine, they’re yours,

they’re mine.

And love can come to everyone,

The best things in life are free.

Ubuntu is designed with security in mind. You get free security updates for at least 18 months on the desktop and server. With the Long Term Support (LTS) version you get three years support on the desktop, and five years on the server. There is no extra fee for the LTS version, we make our very best work available to everyone on the same free terms. Upgrades to new versions of Ubuntu are and always will be free of charge.

Everything you need comes on one CD, providing a complete working environment. Additional software is available online.

So goes the song, written in 1927, way before PCs were all the rage! Well, guess what, some of the best programs and utilities for your PC are also free, yup, I said free! I have been asked a lot of questions recently about some of them so I decided to do a list of the ones I use plus others I know about and have been tried and recommended.

The graphical installer enables you to get up and running quickly and easily. A standard installation should take less than 25 minutes.

Once installed your system is immediately ready-to-use.

On the desktop you have a full set of productivity, internet, drawing and graphics applications, and games. Pretty neat isn’t it? Download:

Thinking about a new computer? Are you a bit techie? If so, you could save yourself some money as well as have the satisfaction of putting your own together by yourself. Not so inclined? You can still save on programs and utilities. Without further ado, here is a list for you to consider.

First for the techie who wants to put together their own

PC … an operating system that is totally free.

Now for everyone else, here are some really excellent programs and utilities you can have at no cost. (BTW, many of these free programs and utilities have a donation button where you can voluntarily help the developer with updates, new apps, etc. I suggest you try the app first and then if you really like it and decide to keep it, you can make a donation, however this is strictly a voluntary thing.)

What is Ubuntu?

Ubuntu is a community developed operating system that is perfect for laptops, desktops and servers. Whether you use it at home, at school or at work Ubuntu contains all the applications you’ll ever need, from word processing and email applications, to web server software and programming tools.

First is the number one priority … anti virus. I’ve used both AVG and Avast for a long time and, knock on wood, have never had a problem. Both also have pay versions that include lots of other stuff, but I’ll be listing all those types of apps as we go along.

Ubuntu is and always will be free of charge. You do not pay any licensing fees. You can download, use and share

Ubuntu with your friends, family, school or business for absolutely nothing.

Ubuntu is and always will be free of charge. You do not pay any licensing fees. You can download, use and share

Ubuntu with your friends, family, school or business for absolutely nothing.

To download AVG:


New versions are released every six months. That means you’ll always have the latest and greatest applications that

Best Things cont. on page 16

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 15

Best Things cont. from page 15

To download Avast!: eng/download-avast-home.html

Both of these work well and provide you with protection from viruses, but do yourself a favor and read the information that both provide and follow the instructions…this applies, of course, to all programs, apps and utilities!

SpyBot-Search and Destroy complements adaware.

…if you see new toolbars in Internet Explorer that you didn’t install, or you experience other problems, you may have spyware. This program helps prevent marketing companies from gathering information about your Web surfing and purchasing habits, and selling it to advertisers.


h t t p : / / d o w n l o a d . c n e t . c o m /



Next, you need a firewall and the most popular and the one I use is Zone Alarm which for a free app, provides a lot of flexibility and prevents the bad guys from getting into your computer as well as making your computer invisible to anyone on the internet. To download the free version:

h t t p : / / w w w . z o n e a l a r m . c o m / security/en-us/zonealarm-pc-securityfree-firewall.htm

Windows Defender is a free program that helps you stay productive by protecting your computer against pop-ups, slow performance and security threats caused by spyware and other potentially unwanted software. All 3 of these programs work to keep your PC running smoothly. I use them and they definitely make a difference.

Now you have your PC pretty well protected, how about productivity apps? No problem; 3 is the leading open-source office software suite for word processing, spreadsheets, presentations, graphics, databases and more.

10 years of malware experience combined in one dynamic application. Ad-Aware - Anniversary Edition offers radically improved performance and efficiency, along with comprehensive malware protection. With real-time monitoring, threat alerts, and automatic updates you can rest easy knowing that you are protected. Download:

h t t p : / / w w w . l a v a s o f t . c o m / p r o d u c t s / ad_aware_free.php

It is available in many languages and works on all common computers. It stores all your data in an international open standard format and can also read and write files from other common office software packages. It can be downloaded and used completely free of charge for any purpose. Sounds like the big guys Office? It does and it

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 16

also does pretty much everything that other guy does!


which will help keep your system running smoothly. You can schedule daily, weekly or just manual defrags…it’s pretty easy to use and does an excellent job.

Last, but not least, a program I can’t live without. Yankee

Clipper III, a powerful Windows clipboard extender/ memory-now in its third generation. Handles Pictures,

Next, a free program that rivals Adobe Photoshop … and we know what that costs!

The name is a bit misleading but the program is spectacular! GIMP can be used to process digital graphics and photographs. Typical uses include creating graphics and logos, resizing and cropping photos, changing colors, combining images using a layer paradigm, removing unwanted image features, and converting between different image formats. GIMP can also be used to create animated images using an improved layers method. The full capabilities of the GIMP extend much further, however, and include advanced image editing, manipulation, and professional graphics creation. It is often used as a free software replacement for Adobe Photoshop, which is the dominant bitmap editor in the printing and graphics industries. Download:

h t t p : / /

To keep your system running at its best, CCleaner is a freeware system optimization, privacy and cleaning tool.

It removes unused files from your system - allowing

Windows to run faster and freeing up valuable hard disk space. It also cleans traces of your online activities such as your Internet history. Additionally it contains a fully featured registry cleaner. But the best part is that it’s fast

(normally taking less than a second to run) and contains

NO Spyware or Adware! :) Download:


. While you’re there, I’d also recommend downloading their defraggler, another app

Richtext, URLs, etc-any size. Features printing, drag and drop, optional permanent storage of clippings. Familiar

“Outlook” interface. Just a couple of its features: Saves past 200 text and RTF, 20 BMP and Metafile, and 200 URL clipboard entries. Has the ability to save and re-use

“boilerplate” clippings. Simply right-click on the item and select “send to boilerplate”. Unlimited boilerplate collections can be created.

Download: products/YC3

That’s it until next time.If you like the freebies on this list, login at the top of the page and let me know; there are lots more out there. Enjoy all the goodies, but remember to be careful as the bad guys are lurking!




Battery Power

If your cell phone or PDA battery won’t stay charged very long, take note. Ni-Cad (nickel cadmium) and NiMH (nickel-metal hydride) batteries require routine deep discharges in order to hold a normal charge. To restore the run time of a NiCad or NiMH battery pack, drain the battery by using your PDA or other device until it no longer turns on. Next, recharge the battery. Repeat the process, including draining the battery, a second time. After the second recharge, the battery should run for a longer period of time. If you are not able to achieve a sufficiently long run time, it may be time to replace the battery.

Li-Ion (Lithium Ion) and LiPo (Lithium Polymer) batteries perform best when they are kept charged.

Fully discharging these types of batteries will reduce the batteries’ lifetime. Unlike NiCad and

NiMH batteries, you cannot rejuvenate Li-Ion and LiPo batteries once they fail to hold a charge.

Reprinted with permission from Smart Computing. Visit

to learn what Smart

Computing can do for you and your user group!

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 17

Exploring Microsoft Windows 7 Beta 1

Part III: What I’ve Discovered About Windows 7 (A)

By Lee Reynolds, Contributing Editor, Boca Raton Computer Society, Florida, Boca Bits, May

2009,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Lee continues an overview of what the new operating system might look like, as well as what it is likely to have for features.

This time around we are going to take a look at the new aero effects of Windows 7.

New Aero Effects


Take the one on the left, put your mouse near the lefthand side of the

Title bar and drag it over to the left until the mouse just barely touches the left edge of your screen. A faint outline of half the

Desktop shows up.

Let’s open a few windows onto your Desktop to show some of the new Aero capabilities built into Windows 7.

We’ll put several of them there, all partially on top of one another.

If you release the mouse button, then the window that you moved toward the left side of the screen resizes and fills up that half of the screen!

Suppose you wanted to see the window where the mouse cursor is, which is p a r t i a l l y obscured by a couple of other windows that are open. If you just click where the mouse is, then that window would come to the forefront, just as in previous versions of Windows.

Now take the window on the right, put your mouse near the righthand side of the Title bar and drag it over to the right until the mouse just barely touches the right edge of your screen. Then the faint outline of the right half of your

Desktop shows up, and when you release the mouse button the window will resize itself to the right half of your

Desktop. Very easy to see the two windows side by side for comparison purposes, for example.

Suppose as you click with the mouse on that window you shake it back and forth a couple of times, left and right.

Magically all the other windows minimize to the Taskbar, and you are left with only the one you wanted to look at.

A bit quicker than making numerous clicks to minimize or close all the other windows! This feature of Windows 7 is called “Aero Shake”, but that’s only half of it.

If you now shake the one open window left and right a couple of times, all the other windows that were open but partially obscured appear back on the screen.

But that’s not all there is to Aero Snap. Now let’s open a single window of our display of a text document through Notepad, and next drag it to the top edge of the screen, until the mouse barely touches it. A faint outline of the entire

Desktop shows up, and if we release the mouse button, then magically, the Notepad window maximizes to fill the screen!


The screenshot (Figure 3) shows two windows open, one partially behind the other. Note that they are two views of similar text documents that have been opened in Windows


(Of course, this works with any window, not just a

Notepad window.) Finally, if we drag the maximized window downward away from the top edge, and let it go, it returns to its previous size.

One more thing about the Aero Snap feature: there are shortcut keys for these effects if you would prefer to use the keyboard rather than a mouse:

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 18

y y y y

Windows key and Up Arrow - same as Maximize window

Windows key and Down Arrow - same as Restore window

Windows key and Left Arrow - same as display on left half of desktop

Windows key and Right Arrow - same as display on right half of desktop.


The Aero Peek feature has a number of characteristics. It is particularly useful if you have a number of windows open on your screen. Each of the windows will of course correspond to a Taskbar button.

Some of the Taskbar buttons will appear to be several layers deep (one button behind another, like a row of dominoes), if you have multiple instances of the program open at the same time. If you have several tabs open in

Internet Explorer 8, there will be a button for each of the tabs. When this is true, there is a little upward pointing arrow to the right of the taskbar icon which you can use to choose which of the program instances you want to work with.

Hovering over a Taskbar button (one which is not a pseudo Quick Launch button) without clicking it will open up a miniature image preview of that window over the


If you hover over any of those miniature image previews, then all other windows that are open on your screen become transparent and you see only the window whose image preview you are hovering your mouse over.

It is like you can peek through all the other windows to see that one window. (Of course, that is why the feature is called Aero Peek.)

So if you wanted to see what is in a window without transferring control over to it, you can very easily do so.

If you actually click on one of those image previews, it becomes the active window.

You can also close a window (or a tab, in the case of an

Internet Explorer Taskbar button) by clicking on the small

“X” icon in the image preview.

Another part of Aero Peek is the replacement for the

“Show Desktop” icon in the Quick Launch bar of previous versions of Windows. This is a small rectangle at the right end of the Taskbar.

If you hover your mouse over this area, you will see a tooltip reading “Show desktop”, but also it will show you an image of your Desktop overlaid with rectangular outlines of any windows you might have open covering parts of the

Desktop. So it is as if you are peeking behind all the open windows to see the Desktop.

If you actually click that rectangular area, rather than just hover over it, then it will act like the Show Desktop icon of previous Windows versions: all windows minimize to the Taskbar and you see your Desktop.

You can also right click the Show Desktop area of the

Windows 7 Taskbar and it will give you a context menu from which you can choose one of the options: Preview

Desktop, or Show Desktop.

Unfortunately, the Preview Desktop does not work (in fact, it shows as “greyed out” on the context menu) in the

Virtual PC environment. The screenshot in Figure 5 shows this:

Coming in Part IV

In the next installment, we will be covering:

The Start Menu And Its Properties

Taskbar Properties

Control Panel


Subwoofers in a surround sound speaker system produce bass tones that are nearly impossible for our ears to localize, meaning placement is often irrelevant. Putting it in a corner near the walls often improves its performance.

Cap Your MP3 Player’s Audio Level

As a precautionary measure that will help protect your hearing, many MP3 players offer an audio level limit.

To help save your hearing for years down the road, take a look in your MP3 player’s menu settings and adjust this option. Your ears will be thankful.

HDMI Cables

If you have a digital HDTV and HD output device, we recommend you connect them with an HDMI (High-

Definition Multimedia Interface) cable. HDMI will carry a digital audio signal and let you enjoy the highest audio and video quality using a single cable.

Reprinted with permission from Smart Computing. Visit

to learn what Smart

Computing can do for you and your user group!


NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 19

Exploring Microsoft Windows 7 Beta 1

Part IV: What I’ve Discovered About Windows 7 (A)

By Lee Reynolds, Contributing Editor, Boca Raton Computer Society, Florida, Boca Bits, June

2009,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Lee continues an overview of what the new operating system might look like, as well as what it is likely to have for features.

The Start Menu And Its Properties

As you can see from the screenshots below, the Windows

7 Start Menu is very similar to the Vista Start Menu.

For example: y

There is no Classic Start Menu option.

y y y

There is no option for using Large Icons.

There are no links for Internet or E-mail.

The check box for Printers in Vista has changed to one for Devices and Printers in Windows 7.

There is a check box for Recorded TV.

Figure 1 – Vista Start Menu

Figure 5 – Vista Start Menu


Figure 6 – Win7 Start Menu


Figure 2 - Win7 Start Menu

One difference is that doing a search in the search dialog box at the bottom will turn the entire Start Menu into a display of the search results.

Figure 3 – Win7 Start Menu Search


And one of the nicest options added to Start Menu Properties is the ability to switch the Start Menu Power button usage among these different options: Switch User, Log off,

Lock, Restart, Sleep, Hibernate, and Shut Down.

In Vista, the search results only occupied the left half of the Start Menu.

Figure 7 – Win7 Power Button


Figure 4 – Vista Start Menu Search


If you right click the Start “orb” and select Properties from the Context

Menu, then you can see a bit better some of the differences between

Windows 7 and Vista.

Taskbar Properties


Right clicking the Taskbar, and selecting Properties, takes you to the Taskbar Properties window, as in previous versions of Windows.

y y

This is similar to Vista’s with a few exceptions:

There is no option for Keep on top of other windows.

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 20

y y y y y y

There is no option for Group Similar Taskbar buttons

(they are always grouped.)

There is no option for Show Quick Launch, since the

Taskbar has been modified so that pseudo Quick

Launch icons can be pinned to the Taskbar.

There is no option for turning on or off windows previews.

The Notification tab has been replaced by a separate window in Control Panel, and will be covered later.

On the Toolbars tab, Quick Launch, Windows Media

Player, and Documents are missing options.


A new feature is the ability to select the location on your screen of your Taskbar from the Taskbar Properties page. (Always before, in previous versions of

Windows, you had to drag the Taskbar to one of the four edges of the screen.)

Figure 8 – Vista Taskbar Properties

Figure 10 – Vista

Control Panel Classic

Now as you compare all the items in Vista and Windows 7, you will see that there are a number of missing applets, a number of new applets, and a number of modified applets.

Figure 11 - Win7

Control Panel All


Figure 9 – Win7 Taskbar Properties

Control Panel

The overall look of Control Panel in Windows 7 hasn’t changed that much from Vista if you look at the two screenshots below:

But there are a number of under-the-hood differences.

First, there is no “Classic View” link in the left pane of

Control, as there was in Windows XP and Vista. Instead, you click on the link for “All Items”:

Figure 10 shows the Classic view of Control Panel in


Figure 11 shows Control Panel (All Items) under

Windows 7:

In my Control Panel Classic view in Vista on my desk-top pc, there are 58 different applets. In my Virtual Pc version of Windows 7, there are 57 under All Items.


Some of the missing applets in Windows 7 are: Add

Hardware, People Near Me, and Windows Sidebar


The Welcome Center applet of Vista has been replaced in Windows 7 by one called Getting Started.

Since there are still Gadgets in Windows 7, but no

Sidebar to mount them on, the Windows Sidebar Properties applet of Vista has been replaced by Desktop Gadgets.

The Printers applet of Vista has been replaced by one called Devices and Printers. Besides printers, this new applet can also handle devices that are connected externally to the computer, including devices connected wirelessly or over the network, through USB cables, Bluetooth,

Wireless USB, Wi-Fi or other wireless connections.

System Restore in Vista was one of the tasks in the left pane of the window for the System applet. Under Windows

7, it has its own applet called Recovery.

Windows Security Center is another applet in Vista that has been redistributed differently in Windows 7. Security

Center enabled you to handle the Firewall, Automatic

Updating, use of an Anti-virus program and the handling of malware by Windows Defender. It also allowed you to turn on User Account Control if it was disabled.

Vista also had an applet called Problem Reports and

Solutions which allowed you to research and report problems in your computer. In Windows 7, most of this is handled in the new applet called Action Center.

Vista’s feature called User Account Control aggravated a lot of people because it was so continually intrusive on

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 21

Windows 7, Part 4 cont. on page 22

Windows 7, Part 4 cont. from page 21

their attempts to do anything with their computers. Many people turned off UAC in Vista, even though this made them much more vulnerable to the introduction of malware on their pcs. Windows 7 has a new version of User Account

Control which is much more versatile and less intrusive.

You use a slider bar to adjust between 4 different settings.

The top setting corresponds to Vista’s only setting of UAC

“on.” The bottom setting corresponds to Vista’s setting of

UAC “off.” In between are two intermediary settings:

1. notify me when programs try to make changes to my computer, but don’t notify me when I make changes to Windows settings

2. notify me only when programs try to make changes to my computer (do not dim my desktop.)

Option 1 above is the default option when Windows 7 is installed.


There are a number of other new applets in Windows 7 with no counterpart in Vista, including: y

ClearType Text Tuner, which helps make the text on the screen easier to read y

Credential Manager, which helps manage user names and passwords and other credentials used to log on to websites, other computers, etc.


Default Location, which can be used to store your zip code, country/region, and latitude and longitude y y y y y for use when there is no location sensor such as a

GPS receiver attached to the computer Display, which allows a choice between Smaller, Medium, and Larger sizes for text and other items to make the screen easier to read

HomeGroup, which is the new way of sharing data and other resources in a home network environment

Notification Area Icons, which allows control of which icons and notification messages appear in the

Notification Area of the Taskbar

RemoteApp and Desktop Connections, which allows you to connect to desktops and programs at your work-place; this takes the place of the Remote

Desktop and Remote Assistance capabilities of

Windows Vista and XP

System Icons, which allows control of the following icons and notifications in the Notification Area of the Taskbar: Clock, Volume, Network, Power, and

Action Center

Troubleshooting, which allows access to various troubleshooting wizards on computer problems under the following general categories: Programs,

Hardware and Sound, Network and Internet,

Appearance and Personalization, System and


Most of the other applets that Vista and Windows 7 have in common have either not changed at all, or have relatively minor differences.


Free Software Helps Caregivers

Written by Mike Morris, Editor, Front Range PC Users Group, Fort Collins, CO, kByte™

Newsletter, June 2009,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

An article with the title “Caring for the Caregiver” appeared in the in the November/December 2007 issue of AARP magazine 1 . Here is an extract from that article:

I recommend this article to all caregivers, and to friends and family members of caregivers. Yes, it is difficult for friends and family members of caregivers to know what to do. It can also be overwhelming for a caregiver to add another task—coordinating help from those friends and family members—to an already burdensome schedule.

Both caregivers and those willing to help may find a scheduling solution with a web site called Lotsa Helping

. This web site allows a caregiver or family member to:

“A cascade of studies in recent years has shown that caregivers stand at particular risk for a host of mental and physical illnesses, many of which have roots in stress, exhaustion, and self-neglect—symptoms some medical professionals have begun calling caregiver syndrome. . . .

According to a 2004 national survey by AARP and The

National Alliance for Caregiving, nearly 23 million households are currently home to a caregiver, most often a woman who is taking care of someone 50 or older. Some 43 percent of these caregivers are over 50 themselves—13 percent are over 65—and they spend good chunks of their weeks on a heady range of chores, from medication management and bathing to feeding, clothing, and arranging health care services. . . . Unfortunately for many friends and family members of caregivers, it is difficult to know when to step in—or what to do….”

“Create a free of charge, private, web-based community to organize family, friends, neighbors, and colleagues – a family’s ‘circles of community’ — during times of need. . . .”

There are three primary templates:





Eldercare and Long Term Care

Military and Veterans Families


NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 22

Uh oh — I’ve Lost the Manual for a


Written by Gabe Goldberg, Computers and Publishing, Inc.,

[email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

Unless you’re a compulsive packrat — and can prove it with multiple neatly organized file cabinets — you’ll eventually find that a gadget or appliance has separated from its operating instructions. And unless it’s something brick-simple with just

On/Off buttons, or you’ve memorized its every esoteric function, you’ll be baffled and frustrated.

Even worse, many products now come with one-page picturesonly “Quick Start” instructions showing how to plug them in or insert batteries, turn them on, and not much else. Perhaps a real manual was delivered on a now-missing CD or a now-forgotten

Web URL was given as a clue for help.

Don’t despair! Many manufacturers offer full manuals on their Web sites, easily located and perused online or downloaded for printing or offline reference.

Start your quest by guessing or Googling the manufacturer’s

Web site. For example, Googling Oceanus — my watch manufacturer — finds the <a href = “

”>correct Web site</a> first out of 3,400,000 hits!

Clicking Support and then Manual Information takes me to a selection page for watch models. Of course, Googling “oceanus manuals” would have taken me directly to the same selection page, and including the specific watch model would have further refined search results. And as a bonus, the manual downloaded from the Web site is much more convenient to read printed on 8.5"x11" paper than the nasty included-in-watchbox version with more than a hundred 3.5"x2" pages!

Similarly, instructions for operating my bargain-basement digital voice recorder are instantly found by Googling “olympus

VN-1000se” as is the manual for my recently acquired external hard drive, by simply Googling model number wd5000ml-00

(which also finds the Quick Install Guide, Product Specifications, and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ).

Happily, manufacturers often put online manuals for older products sold before Web research was common. And don’t give up if you can’t find what you need — click a Support or

Contact Us link and politely ask about documentation availability. Material is often available by special request — sometimes free, sometimes for a minimal fee. Don’t begrudge paying for a manual — if it lets you continue using something, it’s a bargain compared to buying a replacement!


This article first appeared on the Tiplet Web site,


> and is copyrighted by the author, Gabriel

Goldberg. All rights are reserved; it may be reproduced, downloaded, or disseminated, for single use, or by nonprofit organizations for educational purposes, with attribution to Tiplet and the author. It should be unchanged and this paragraph must be included. Please e-mail the author at

[email protected]

when you use it, or for permission to excerpt or condense. Tiplet’s free newsletter provides weekly computer tips.

There are four additional templates:








Religious Groups

These templates allow one person to coordinate the activities of others by identifying the needs and allowing volunteers to accept tasks. All of this activity takes place online, relieving the caregiver of the burden of many phone calls and separate schedules. For those familiar with Google Documents™, there is a slight similarity between the two. However, the

Lotsa Helping Hands templates are designed specifically for caregiving situations:

“Each community includes an intuitive group calendar for scheduling tasks such as meals delivery and rides, a platform for securely sharing vital medical, financial, and legal information with designated family members, and customizable sections for posting photos, well wishes, blogs, journals, and messages.

Now, when someone asks ‘what can I do to help?’ the answer is ‘give me your name and email address’ – the system takes over and allows people to sign up and start helping.”

A web based service such as Lotsa Helping Hands is certain to generate questions about privacy and security. You will find answers to these questions in the “Terms of use” page of the web site. Included in the Terms are descriptions of the data security, data integrity and access (among other) protections.



: The scheduling features are not dependent upon the use of private information. It is not necessary to include medical, financial or legal information on the web site—although that information is protected].

Lotsa Helping Hands has many non-profit partners, including the Alzheimer’s Association, the Family Caregiver

Alliance, The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society and many more. Check the Partners page of the Lotsa Helping Hands web site for more information.

You can read what national media, such as Business Week,

NY Times and others have to say about Lotsa Helping Hands by clicking on the links on the Media page of the Lotsa

Helping Hands web site.

I have not personally used this service, although there was a time, not so long ago, when I would have used it had I known about it. After reading the description of the service, and the “How It Works” section of the web site, I am convinced that the service is, indeed, very valuable and also secure. I recommend that caregivers try this service. There is at least the potential to reduce your levels of stress and exhaustion associated with your role of caregiver.



1. Crute, Sherre, “Caring for the Caregiver.” AARP Magazine,

November and December, 2007

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 23

O’Reilly eBook Bundles

By Elsie Smith, PC Community, CA, UG Rep to O’Reilly Media,, [email protected]

This article has been obtained from APCUG with the author’s permission for publication by APCUG member groups; all other uses require the permission of the author (see e-mail address above).

O’Reilly’s eBook bundles include three different file formats compatible with a variety of reading systems and devices. This page provides information about the eBook program, with links to further information about each of the three formats.

On Your Device

y iPhone — Grab the EPUB and read it in the Stanza y y y y

App ( experimental-oreilly-ebook-iphoneintegration-with-stanza.html

) or the mobile version of Bookworm (



Kindle — Get the Mobipocket file and load it onto your Kindle ( ebooks/mobi/


Sony Reader — EPUBs (


) work well on your Sony Reader.

Computer — Get either the EPUB (


) or PDF



Other Mobile Devices — Explore the EPUB with the mobile version of Bookworm (



navigation bookmarks and live hyperlinks. You can find more information on our PDFs on ebooks/pdf/index.csp

* EPUB — One way to describe EPUB is “mp3 for books.”

Instead of each eBook software and device maker using their own format, the EPUB standard is meant to give readers, publishers, and device makers a single format for eBooks — one that includes many of the same features we’re all familiar with on the web, like reflowable text and hyperlinking. You can find more information on the format and compatible software and devices (like iPhones) on ebooks/epub/index.csp



) has sparked renewed interest in eBooks, and we want to make sure customers with Kindles can read our eBooks. The Kindle cannot currently read EPUB files directly (though we hope that will change – [email protected]), so the eBook bundle includes the

Mobipocket file format, which can be read on the Kindle. You can find more information along with instructions for transferring a Mobipocket file onto your Kindle on


Digital Rights Management

These files (like all our PDFs currently for sale) will be released without any DRM, though we are exploring some custom watermarking options.

Bundles and Updates

When you purchase an eBook bundle (currently available on a select set of titles as part of a pilot project), you’ll get access to all three of the formats we’re currently supporting. Since we began selling PDF versions of many of our titles, we’ve offered free updates to reflect published changes in the books; the same will apply to the eBook bundle, which will replace the PDF option on those titles in the pilot program.

Formats Available

There are three file formats included in the eBook bundle of our books at for some time now, and will include a PDF with the eBook bundle. The PDF format is a widely supported standard, and is a faithful representation of the printed book. Whenever possible, our PDFs also include

Feedback Welcome

If you have a question or a comment about our eBooks, please send feedback to

[email protected]

or through Get Satisfaction (

h t t p : / /


Available Titles

To view a list of all titles that are available as eBook bundles look for the eBook icon on our Complete List (


) page.

Titles that are currently only available in PDF format will have the PDF icon on our Complete List (


) page.

Note :::::

Is your group a member of the O’Reilly User Group program? If not, ask your president to contact O’Reilly and enroll your group in the program. Members receive a 35% discount on all books + discounts on their conferences.

Sign up for a free ebook at: oreilly/ug/ebooks/request.csp


NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 24

Southwest Computer Conference 2009

List of Workshops / Presentations

Attendees had 30 workshops / presentations to choose from Many of the presentation PPTs and/or documents can be found at

y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

The Traveling Medicine Man – Medical Facts, how to find them and how to evaluate them (

The Gadget-Freak’s Candy Store, Bruce Pechman’s Gadget Presentation –

John Haynes - Autonet Mobile: Internet on Wheels,

Norman Rockwell Sight and Sound Presentation by Ralph Ilsen, Computer Booters, AZ

Webinars with Gene Barlow, User Group Relations –

Computer Security Workshop, Jim Perry, Prescott Computer Society, AZ

Open Source Software, Orv Beach, Simi Conejo Linux Users Group

HDTV, Walt Ordway, TUGNET

Digital Cinema – Walt Ordway, TUGNET

Microsoft – David Lynn & Woody Pewitt

Fundraising 101 – Larry Nye, TUGNET

How I do What I Do – Helaine Cummins, TUGNET

Photo Story – Cheryl Wester, Temecula Valley CUG

Smart Computing –

Your Life in a Comic – Lyn Morse, Let’s Compute, CA

Ubuntu – Howard Hoyt, Hemet Seniors Computer Club

Green Screen Photo Technology Using the Green Screen Wizard by George and Cathy Margolin,

California Southland AITP y y y y eBooks with the Kindle, Wil Wakely, Seniors Computer Group, CA

Digital Photography with a Pro, Rich Edwards, Big Bear Computer Club, CA

Mail Washer Pro, Nick Bolton, President, Firetrust –

How to have an effective Q&A session – Jim Glass (Glendora Seniors Computer Club & Roger

Radcliffe (TUGNET) y y y y y y y y y y y y y y

Right Ink with the Right Paper – Don Baker –

Securing our eCities – Philip Staiger -

Backing up with Acronis – Gene Barlow, User Group Relations –

Word 2007 Tips & Tricks – Debbie Jones –

Best 3D Beyond Digital – Philip Staiger –

eBay – Charlotte Semple, Los Angeles Computer Society

Officers – Marian Radcliffe (TUGNET) & Judy Taylour (SCV Computer Club)

Preventive Maintenance - Jay Cunnington –

Instant PC Recovery – CMS, Gary Streuter –

Virtual Machines – Elaine Brysker, Temecula Valley CUG

Mac OS Tips & Tricks – Charles Finn, Oceanside MAC UG, CA

The i’s – Katie Gertz, Sunland Village East Computer Club, AZ

Instant PC Recovery – CMS, Gary Streuter –

Also John Iasiuolo from the Computer Outlook Radio Talk Show –


) broadcast from the conference and he, his staff and family helped throughout at the Expo.

If you are interested in seeing photos from this year’s event go to photonet.htm


In 2010 the conference will again be held at the Town and Country Resort and Convention


Please Mark Your Calendars and Save the Dates for the 2010 Southwest Computer Conference: June 4, 5 & 6. (as of 8/15/2009 the substantial hotel discounts are not available on their site, but keep checking and make your reservations early.

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 25

Offering Financial Services throughout the

Napa Valley; with offices in American

Canyon, Calistoga,

Napa, St. Helena and Yountville

800-869-3557 w w w . w e l l s f a r g o . c o m

947 Lincoln Avenue

Napa, CA 94559-5066

(707) 299-1000 • [email protected]













Membership Application/Renewal *






Information Update

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City: _______________________________ State: ____________ ZIP Code: ________________ - _______________

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(Associate Members have the same membership rights as their sponsors, except for receiving newsletters)

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Annual Dues:


$30 Regular Member - an individual who is not a full-time student


$20 Student Member - a full-time student who is not eligible for Associate membership.


$10 Associate Member - a family member of a Regular or Student member. Associate memberships run concurrently with sponsors’ memberships.

Make check payable to:

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Mail application/renewal to:

Napa Valley Personal Computer Users Group

Attn.: Membership Director, P.O. Box 2866

Napa, CA 94558-0286.

The NVPCUG is an accredited IRC 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Your dues payment may be tax-deductible as a charitable contribution.

* To request a Corporate Membership Application / Renewal form, e-mail:

[email protected]

Revised 4-23-07

NVPCUG Computer News, August 2009, Page 26

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