Yaesu_VL-1000_user

Yaesu_VL-1000_user
VL-1000
OPERATING MANUAL
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
VERTEX STANDARD U.S.A. Inc.
6125 Phyllis Drive, Cypress, California 90630, U.S.A.
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
VERTEX STANDARD HK LTD.
Unit 1306-1308, 13F., Millennium City 2, 378 Kwun Tong Road,
Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong
VERTEX STANDARD (AUSTRALIA) PTY., LTD.
Tally Ho Business Park, 10 Wesley Court, East Burwood, VIC, 3151
General Description
Congratulations! You are now the owner of the Yaesu VL-1000 Linear Amplifier, which brings
you leading-edge technology for the ultimate in operating convenience and reliability. We appreciate your investment in Yaesu equipment, and wish you many years of satisfying operation using
your new amplifier!
The VL-1000 is an all-solid-state linear amplifier operating on the 160 through 6 meter amateur
bands (USA version: 160-15 meters) at a power output level of 1000 Watts on CW and SSB (500
Watts on continuous data modes such as RTTY). The VL-1000 includes a built-in antenna tuner
with 240 memories for tuning data, and microprocessor control of the tuning circuitry. The VL-1000
features input jacks for two different exciters, as well as four antenna jacks for connection of
antennas for different bands. Extensive self-test, system monitoring, and protection circuits are
provided, with status and tuning information being displayed on a huge Liquid Crystal Display
panel.
The separate VP-1000 Power Supply Unit provides the +48 Volts required by the PA transistors, as well as all required control voltages for the amplifier. The VL-1000 normally is powered via
220 Volt AC mains, although it can be operated, at the 500 Watt level, from 117 Volt AC power.
We encourage you to read this manual thoroughly before beginning installation and operation
of your VL-1000 Linear Amplifier. The details regarding proper installation and operating advice
contained in these pages will help you derive maximum satisfaction from your new Yaesu equipment. Be certain to observe all due safety precautions when using this high-power device!
Supplied Accessories
Item
ALC Cable (T9101489; 2 m)
Band Data Cable (T9101487A; 8-pin DIN  8-pin DIN, 2 m)
Control Cable (T9101491; D-sub 15-pin  RCA, 2 m)
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Quantity
1
1
1
Page 1
Installation
The proper, safe installation of the VL-1000
is not difficult to accomplish, using the guidelines to follow.
Caution!
Lethal AC and RF voltages are present
within the cabinets of the VL-1000 Linear Amplifier and VP-1000 Power Supply. Use extreme caution when opening the cabinet(s) to perform any
alignment or adjustment steps, and
take particular care to inspect interconnection cables frequently to ensure that they are in good condition.
It is assumed that you possess technical knowledge and experience consistent with your possession of an
amateur radio license; this knowledge
and experience are important tools
which will aid in the successful installation of this apparatus. Should you
have any questions about the safe installation of this equipment, consult
your Yaesu dealer or seek the assistance of a professional installer.
AC Power Connections
(using VP-1000 Power Supply)
The VL-1000 is usually operated from 220
Volt (nominal) AC power. With 220 Volt input
to the VP-1000 Power Supply, full (1000 W)
power output will be obtained from the VL1000, while 117 Volt input to the VP-1000 is
possible at the 500 Watt power output level.
The advanced switching-regulator power
supply used in the matching VP-1000 Power
Supply does not require any transformer rewiring, nor any changing of a switch position;
the power supply will operate from either 220
or 117 Volt line voltages without configuration
changes.
However, the AC power cable/plug configuration will be somewhat different, depending
on the country in which you purchased your
amplifier. In some countries, the VP-1000 is
shipped with the standard 220 Volt connector
appropriate for your location. In those areas
where there are multiple 220 Volt connectors
in common use, the VP-1000 is shipped without the power connector; one may be obtained
at a local hardware or electrical supply store.
Pictorial diagrams of the common 220 and
117 Volt AC connectors in use are shown below. When wiring your own connector, be absolutely certain to observe the proper polarity
on the pin connections. Consult with an electrician if you have any doubts about your wiring!
Be sure that your house wiring is capable
of sufficient current capacity on the 220 Volt
circuit to be used, especially if this circuit is
shared with household appliances. It always
is preferable to operate the VL-1000 from a
dedicated 220 Volt circuit with its own circuit
breaker.
Transceiver or Exciter
Interconnections
The interface wiring to the transceiver or transmitter which drives the VL-1000 consists of:
(A) A 50 Ω coaxial cable for carrying RF drive
power from each exciter to the amplifier;
(B) A 2-conductor transmit/receive control
cable which provides a closure to ground
signal from the transceiver to the amplifier
during transmission;
(C) A (supplied) 2-conductor ALC (Automatic
Level Control) line, used to limit the drive
level from the exciter to the amplifier; and
(D) When using a compatible Yaesu transVP-1000 AC Cable wiring
(U.S.A version)
USA
Plug
UK Plug
European
Plug
Australian
Plug
(viewed from plug prong side)
Page 2
(European version)
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Installation
ceiver, a BAND DATA cable may be connected which provides automatic band
change and T/R control (thus eliminating
the need for cable (B) above), and +48 V
DC supply voltage On/Off control (if the
REMOTE switch on the rear panel of the
VL-1000 is set to the ON position).
nected to the INPUT 1/PTT 1/ALC 1 jacks, and
that all cables from exciter #2 are connected
to the INPUT 2/PTT 2/ALC 2 jacks. When using a BAND DATA cable for interconnection, you
do not need the PTT cable for the corresponding exciter, as the T/R control signal will be
made via the BAND DATA cable.
Typical installation diagrams are shown
below. When two exciters are utilized, be certain that all the cables from exciter #1 are con-
FT-920/VL-1000
FT-1000MP/FT-650/VL-1000
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Page 3
Installation
Antenna Connections
As many as four HF or 50 MHz antennas
may be connected to the rear panel Antenna
jacks, labeled ANT 1 ~ ANT 4. The antenna to
be used on a particular band will be memorized once you make the selection manually
via the front panel ANT switch. See the “Operation” section of this manual for more details.
ALC Connections
The VL-1000 provides negative-going ALC,
which provides a negative voltage to the exciter which begins to appear when sufficient
drive power from the exciter is being received;
the voltage becomes of greater (negative)
magnitude if the drive is increased, so as to
prevent overdrive of the amplifier. The voltage
range provided from the VL-1000 is 0 to 10
Volts DC, and this is compatible with all Yaesu
transceivers as well as many exciters of other
manufacture. At 1000 Watts of output power,
the typical voltage generated for use with
Yaesu transceivers is about 4 V DC.
The ALC cable must be connected between
the transceiver and VL-1000 to prevent overdrive of the amplifier, and especially to facilitate the proper operation of the protection circuitry if sudden antenna system problems
should cause the SWR to rise to dangerous
levels.
PTT Connections
These jacks, labeled PTT 1 and PTT 2, accept T/R control signals from your exciter.
Grounding the center pin of one of these PTT
jacks will cause the amplifier to be placed in
the “Transmit” mode.
These jacks utilize a positive voltage (5V
DC) at very low current (10 mA maximum), so
they are compatible with most open-collector
NPN transistor amplifier control circuits in modern transceivers. Mechanical relays may also
be used, so long as they are “floating” contacts that do not apply a voltage to the VL1000’s PTT jacks. On Yaesu transceivers, use
either the transistor or relay (Normally Open)
Page 4
connections labeled TX GND on the rear panel
of the transceiver; do not, however, use the
transceiver’s PTT jack, as it was designed for
PTT input (via a footswitch, etc.), not for amplifier control.
Automatic Amplifier Tune-Up
If you connect the supplied control cable between the transceiver’s PTT or REMOTE jack and
the VL-1000’s BAND-DATA 2 jack, the transceiver will automatically transmit when you
press the amplifier’s front panel F SET key
(make sure that the MODE switch of the transceiver is set to CW, RTTY, or some other continuous mode, and set the DRIVE or RF PWR
control fully clockwise, if you want to perform
antenna tuning). To accomplish this function,
pin 11 of the BAND-DATA 2 jack closes the
transceiver’s PTT or REMOTE jack to ground, thus
placing the transceiver in the transmit condition.
Automatic Amplifier Tune-Up
using FT-1000MP Transceiver
When using the VL-1000 in conjunction with
the FT-1000MP transceiver, the front panel F
SET key may be used to initiate an automatic
tuning procedure for the amplifier. In order to
accomplish this, Menu Item 7-9 on the FT1000MP must be set to “KEYER ” (which is its
default value), and a control cable must be connected between the FT-1000MP’s REMOTE jack
and the VL-1000’s BAND-DATA 2 jack. The
required wiring for this cable is shown below.
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Plug Pinout
BAND-DATA 1
CONTROL
NC
GND
REMOTE
PS ALARM
LOW POWER
GND
-12V INPUT
+12V INPUT
+13.5 V
TX GND
GND
BAND DATA A
BAND DATA B
BAND DATA C
BAND DATA D
TX INH
as viewed from rear panel
BAND-DATA 2
+13.5 V
TX GND
GND
BAND DATA A
BAND DATA B
BAND DATA C
BAND DATA D
TX INH
F SET COMMON
F SET 1
F SET 2
NC
NC
NC
GND
as viewed from rear panel
VL-1000 Operating Manual
as viewed from rear panel
DC48V IN
+48V INPUT
+48V INPUT
+48V INPUT
+48V INPUT
GND
GND
GND
GND
as viewed from rear panel
RCA Plug
GND or (-)
SIGNAL or (+)
Page 5
Front Panel Controls and Switches
1. POWER Switch
4. LOW Switch
This switch turns the VL-1000 on and off.
When the amplifier is turned off, the INPUT 1
jack is connected directly to the ANT 1 jack. If
using a Yaesu transceiver with a BAND DATA
cable, the VL-1000 AC power will be remotely
controlled by the transceiver’s power switch
when the REMOTE switch on the rear panel
of the VL-1000 is set to ON.
This switch selects the RF output power.
When in the LOW position, the RF output
power will be reduced to (approximately) 500
LOW
watts PEP, and “LOW
LOW” will appear on the display.
Note: This switch should be set to the LOW
position when operating from a 100 ~ 117 VAC
power source.
2. OPERATE Switch
5. INPUT Switch
Pressing this switch activates the power amplifier section of the VL-1000. When the power
OPERATE
amplifier is activated, “OPERATE
OPERATE” will appear
on the display. Press this switch again to turn
off the power amplifier section.
Press this switch to toggle between the exciters connected to the INPUT 1 and INPUT 2
connectors on the rear panel. The indicator
INPUT 1
INPUT 2
“INPUT
1” or “INPUT
2” will appear on the display to indicate which exciter is in use.
3. DIM Switch
6. ATT Switch
This switch selects the brightness level of
the LCD display. In low-light situations, activating the Dimmer may reduce excess brightness in the display. For normal room lighting,
however, the Dimmer should be set to OFF for
best visibility.
This switch activates a 3 dB input RF power
attenuator, to reduce excessive input power
from the exciter. It should be on if exciter output exceeds 100 watts PEP, as is the case
ATT
when using the FT-1000/D. The “ATT
ATT” indicator will appear on the display when this switch
is on.
Page 6
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Front Panel Controls and Switches
7. ANT Switch
This switch can be used for manual selection of up to four antennas. The antenna selection is stored in memory, so once selected
and matched on a particular band, the same
antenna will be reselected automatically when
ANT
recalling that band. One of the indicators “ANT
1” to “ANT
ANT 4
4” will appear on the display to indicate which antenna is in use.
8. DISPLAY 1 Switch
Press and hold this switch for ½ second to
copy the current display into Display Memory
#1. Press this switch momentarily to recall the
Display Memory 1 data to the display. This
switch is also used for alignment of the ALC
system, if needed.
9. DISPLAY 2 Switch
Press and hold this switch for ½ second to
copy the current display into Display Memory
#2. Press this switch momentarily to recall the
Display Memory 2 data to the display. This
switch is also used for alignment of the ALC
system, if needed.
10. DISPLAY SELECT Switch
This switch is used to select the display
function, with the selections being provided in
the following sequence:
Multi Meter 1

Multi Meter 2

PO Meter 1

When using the Grapfical SWR Meter display, press and hold this switch for ½ second
to change the frequency span of the meter.
11. TUNER Switch
Pressing this switch places the antenna
tuner in the transmit signal path. When the
TUNER
antenna tuner is activated, the “TUNER
TUNER” indicator appears on the display. Press this switch
again to turn off the antenna tuner.
12. TUNE Switch
This switch activates the auto-tune system
manually. Normally, when the operating band
is changed, the tuner will automatically adjust
itself for the same antenna selection and
matching impedance which was set the last
time that band was used. Press this switch to
retune if you are on a different part of the band,
or if the SWR is still too high after automatic
tuning. Manual-restart with this switch can be
used to “force” rematching of the impedance
presented by the antenna system at any time.
13. F SET Switch
Press this switch to activate the exciter and
tune up the VL-1000 automatically when using the FT-1000MP (with the cable shown on
page 4 connected between the BAND DATA
2 jack on the VL-1000 and REMOTE jack on the
FT-1000MP).
14. CONTRAST Knob
This knob used to adjust the LCD contrast.
15. LCD Display
The upper half of the display consists a 320
x 60 dot-matrix display showing operating status of the VL-1000, including the Graphical
SWR meter. The lower half contains various
icons representing enabled features.
PO Meter 2

Graphical SWR Meter

Multi Meter 1

VL-1000 Operating Manual
Page 7
Rear Panel Connectors and Switch
1. ANTENNA Jacks
5. PTT Jacks
Connect these type M (SO-239) jacks to
your antennas using large (RG-213 or larger)
50 Ω impedance coaxial cable with mating
plugs (Type M/PL-259).
Shorting the center pins of these jacks to
ground activates the amplifier for transmission.
This function will normally be provided by amplifier control contacts in the T/R relay (or opencollector NPN transistor) in the exciter. Open
circuit voltage at this PTT jack is 5V DC, and
maximum closed circuit current required is 10
mA.
2. REMOTE Switch
When this switch is in the ON position, the
VP-1000’s +48V DC supply voltage will be controlled by the transceiver’s power switch if you
are using a Yaesu transceiver with a BAND DATA
cable.
3. BAND-DATA 1 Jack
This 8-pin DIN jack provides for a supplied
control cable for the Yaesu transceivers, to allow automatic band selection, T/R control, and
power on/off control.
4. BAND-DATA 2 Jack
This D-sub 15-pin jack provides the same
connections as does the BAND-DATA 1 Jack,
plus additional connections for special applications.
Page 8
6. ALC Jacks
These RCA jacks provide the ALC (output)
voltage for control of the exciter’s RF drive
level. The ALC control voltage range is 0 to
10 VDC.
7. GND Terminal Post
Connect this terminal to a good earth ground
using the shortest practical length of heavy
braided cable. All other station equipment
should be grounded to the same ground system.
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Rear Panel Connectors and Switch
8. INPUT Jacks
10. DC48V IN Jack
These type M (SO-239) jacks should be
connected through a short 50 Ω coaxial jumper
to the (transmitting) antenna jack of the transceivers.
Connect this 8-pin Molex socket to the OUTPUT socket on the Yaesu VP-1000 AC Power
Supply. This socket provides +48V DC supply voltage for the power amplifier of the VL1000.
9. CONTROL Socket
Connect this 8-pin Molex socket to the CONsocket on the Yaesu VP-1000 AC Power
Supply. This socket provides ±12V DC and
control signals for the VL-1000.
TROL
Operating Advice
For most operating situations, the REMOTE switch on the rear panel of the VL-1000 should
be set to the “Off ” position (unless you have connected an appropriate BAND DATA cable for
remote power control). Before commencing initial checkout, verify that the REMOTE switch is
OFF.
If the REMOTE switch is on, and the VL-1000 is not connected to a Yaesu transceiver
providing remote power actuation, Error Message #1005 (which warns of “Excessive PA DC
Voltage”) will appear following the “Self Test” procedure. If you experience this situation,
check to be sure that the REMOTE switch has not accidentally been turned on.
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Page 9
Operation
Preliminary Checks
Before switching on power, recheck all interconnections. Be certain that the ground, RF
input, and ALC connection cables are all secure.
If using a Yaesu FT-980 transceiver for excitation, set the LIN AMP switch on the rear panel
to the (upper) Position 1. If using an FT757GX(II) or FT-767GX, ensure that the LIN or
LINEAR switch is depressed (Position 1). Other
Yaesu transceivers do not require special
switch setting on the transceiver prior to commencing amplifier operation
Band Changes
By now, you have noticed that there is no
“BAND” switch on the VL-1000. Selection of the
frequency band is accomplished in one of two
ways:
 If using a Yaesu transceiver with a BAND
DATA control cable, band selection and antenna rematching will occur automatically
whenever you change bands on the transceiver. Similarly, the antenna last used by
the VL-1000 on each band will be reselected
when that band is recalled on the transceiver.
 If you are using a transceiver without a band
control cable, injecting a carrier from the
exciter for few seconds causes the VL1000’s microprocessor to count the input
frequency and automatically set the amplifier up for operation on the appropriate band.
Here are the appropriate procedures:
1. Set the MODE switch of the exciter to CW,
and the DRIVE or RF PWR control of the
exciter so as to provide 50 Watts of less
of drive power to the VL-1000.
2. Press the F SET key on the VL-1000 momentarily, then press the PTT switch of
the exciter to activate the transmitter. If
necessary, close your key to allow a carrier to be transmitted for a few seconds.
3. The microprocessor of the VL-1000 will
now detect the frequency of the input signal, and the amplifier will then set itself
to the matching band.
Page 10
4. When the correct band appears on the
VL-1000 display, release the exciter’s
PTT switch so as to return to the receive
mode. Preliminary band setup is now
complete.
If you attempt to transmit on an improper
band (for example, at 6.2 MHz), the VL-1000
will automatically be placed in the “THRU”
mode, and no amplification will take place.
Antenna Selection
Pressing the ANT switch repeatedly causes
the VL-1000 to “toggle” between the rear panel
antenna jacks. Just remember to select the
correct antenna when making band changes
during initial operation, and the VL-1000 will
thereafter remember which of ANT 1 through
ANT 4 should be selected when you return to
that band.
When the amplifier is turned off, the default
antenna selection is ANT 1. You may wish to
consider putting a grounding-type coaxial
switch in the coaxial line connected to the ANT
1 jack, so as to shunt static electricity or nearby
lightning pulses to ground.
Fan Operation
The cooling fans for the amplifier and power
supply are both thermostatically controlled. The
thermostats are set to activate well before “dangerous” heat has built up inside the cabinets.
It is quite normal for the fans to cycle on and
off, occasionally, even during receive operation. The fans also may continue to operate
after the front panel power switch is turned off,
this feature allows the complete dissipation of
heat so as to ensure long life of the components.
Important Note
The VL-1000 requires input drive power of
50~60 watts. Please ensure that the transmitter used with this amplifier is capable of
producing at least 60 Watts of drive power
so as to ensure full output from the VL-1000.
When driving the VL-1000 with a transceiver
which includes a built-in antenna tuner,
please turn the transceiver’s antenna tuner
off when using the VL-1000.
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Operation
Metering
An extensive array of metering selections
are available to the owner of the VL-1000.
Pressing the DISPLAY SELECT switch allows
you to choose from among these options.
Multi Meter 1:
 Peak and Average Power Output Bar Graphs
 Peak and Average Power Output Numeric
Displays
 PA Drain Current Bar Graph
PA Drain Voltage Bar Graph
 Current TX/RX Status
 SWR Numeric Display
 Current Frequency Band (Numeric Display)
Multi Meter 2:
PO Meter 2:
 Peak Power Output Bar Graph (large) with
Peak-hold Segment
 Peak and Average Power Output Numeric
Displays
 SWR Numeric Display
 Current TX/RX Status
 Current Frequency Band (Numeric Display)
Antenna Tuning Meter:
 Current (changing) SWR Bar Graph
 Pictorial display of relative positions of Antenna Tuner Variable Capacitors
 Current Frequency Band (Numeric Display)
Graphical SWR Meter:
 Peak and Average Power Output Bar Graphs
 Peak and Average Power Output Numeric
Displays
 PA Drain Current Bar Graph
 Current TX/RX Status
 SWR Bar Graph
 SWR Numeric Display
 Current Frequency Band (Numeric Display)
PO Meter 1:
 Peak and Average Power Output Bar Graphs
with Peak-hold Segment
 Peak and Average Power Output Numeric
Displays
 SWR Numeric Display
 Current TX/RX Status
 Current Frequency Band (Numeric Display)
VL-1000 Operating Manual
 Current Antenna Jack in Use (ANT 1 ~ ANT
4)
 Display of “TUNER OUT” SWR (Dots on Graph)
 Display of “T UNER I N ” SWR (Dashes on
Graph, this indicator does not indicate when
SWR is above 1.5:1.)
 Current Frequency Band (Numeric Display)
 User-Defined Span on Band Display
 1.8 ~ 14 MHz: 100/500/1000 kHz (selectable)
 14 ~ 28 MHz: 500/1000 kHz (selectable)
 28 ~ 54 MHz: 1000 kHz (fixed)
Initial Amplifier
SELF-TEST Protocol
When the VL-1000 is initially turned on, it
enters a “S ELF -T EST ” mode, in which the
amplifier’s microprocessor checks various aspects of its control signals and supply voltages.
If the amplifier’s self-test routine is successfully completed, the following display will be
shown:
Page 11
Operation
Drive Power Check
ALC Alignment
If this is first-time operation, or whenever
using a different exciter (transceiver), perform
this procedure to check peak exciter driving
power.
When this amplifier is used with Yaesu
transceivers such as the FT-1000MP, FT-990,
or FT-920, the ALC system normally will not
require alignment. However, if it appears that
full power is not being achieved due to excessive ALC action, you may align your VL-1000’s
ALC system to that of your transceiver via this
simple procedure:
 Turn the VL-1000 POWER switch on by
pressing the switch in.
 Make sure that the OPERATE and TUNER
switches on the VL-1000 are both off.
 Connect a 100-watt dummy load to the ANT
1 jack on the VL-1000, if available. If a
dummy load is not available, connect an
antenna which presents a 50 Ω resistive
load to the ANT 1 jack. Tune your exciter to
a clear frequency.
 Set the transceiver to the CW mode, and
preset the DRIVE or RF PWR control on the
transceiver fully clockwise (maximum).
 Briefly key the transmitter, while watching
the display of the VL-1000. If the (indicated)
exciter power is above 100 watts, turn the
ATT switch ON. Never press the ATT
switch while transmitting.
Drive power must be at least 50 watts for
accurate SWR detection, and 70 to 80 watts
for optimum tuner performance. Full power
output will be obtained from the VL-1000 when
the drive power is between 50 and 80 watts,
depending on the band in use. When the VL1000 power amplifier section is activated, ALC
voltage is fed back from the amplifier to the
transmitter, to reduce power output to this level.
However, much higher drive power to the amplifier will cause the protective circuitry to disable the amplifier (to avoid damage to the input circuits). Therefore, when using an exciter
delivering more than 100 Watts of drive power,
the input attenuator should be used. With
Yaesu transceivers, only the FT-1000/D series
should require the use of the attenuator, as
the FT-1000/D is capable of up to 200 Watts
of output power.
Page 12
1. Connect the transceiver to the INPUT 1
jack, and select “INPUT 1” via the front
panel INPUT switch.
2. Set the RF output power to the HIGH
power condition via the front panel LOW
switch.
3. Press the TUNER switch to turn off the antenna tuner (“TUNER” indicator will be
OFF).
4. Press and hold in the INPUT switch for ½
second; this initiates the “ALC Alignment”
mode.
5. Start with the transceiver’s DRIVE or RF PWR
control fully counter-clockwise, then rotate
the DRIVE or RF P WR control to the fully
clockwise position while transmitting.
6. If the power output from the amplifier (as
displayed on the AVG meter) does not
reach 1000W because of the effect of the
VL-1000’s ALC voltage at full exciter drive,
keep the transceiver’s DRIVE or RF PWR
control fully clockwise, then press and hold
in the DISPLAY 2 key until the power output from the amplifier reaches 1000 Watts.
7. If, on the other hand, the ALC voltage from
the VL-1000 does not cause the exciter
drive to be controlled such that the power
output from the amplifier limits at 1000
Watts, do the reverse procedure from that
just described. First, reduce the drive from
the exciter until the VL-1000’s power output is 1000 Watts. Next, press and hold in
the DISPLAY 1 key until the output power
from the amplifier is just reduced from the
1000 Watt level. Now set the transceiver’s
DRIVE or RF PWR control fully clockwise, and
press the DISPLAY 1 key (to increase ALC
voltage/decrease power output) or DIS-
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Operation
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
PLAY 2 key (to decrease ALC voltage/increase power output) until the power output from the amplifier reaches 1000 Watts
(these tuning procedures should be as
short as possible).
Return the input transceiver to the receive
mode.
Press the LOW switch to select LOW
power operation.
Again transmit a carrier at full drive power;
press the DISPLAY 1 or the DISPLAY 2
key, as needed, until the power output from
the amplifier reaches 500 Watts. Now return the exciter to the receive mode.
Press and hold in the INPUT switch for ½
second to exit the ALC Alignment mode.
Press the TUNER switch to turn on the antenna tuner (“TUNER” indicator will be ON).
Repeat steps 4 through 11.
You can align the ALC voltage of the transceiver that is connected to the INPUT 2
jack in the same way. First select “INPUT
2” via the front panel INPUT switch, then
follow the same procedure as described
above.
Initial Antenna Matching Procedure
 Briefly key the transmitter, while watching
the SWR indicator in the display of the VL1000 (SWR calculation is automatic, so no
full-scale presetting is necessary).
 If the SWR is above 1.5:1, activate the Antenna Tuning Unit to retune the impedance
presented by the antenna system, as follows;
 Press the TUNER switch;
 Press the TUNE switch;
 Transmit a carrier from the exciter in the
CW or other continuous mode. Do not
attempt to perform antenna tuning by
whistling into the microphone in an SSB
mode, as the drive power delivered to
the antenna tuner’s microprocessor will
not be consistent.
 During antenna tuning, a special Antenna
Tuning Meter display will be observed, showing the progress of the SWR reduction as
well as showing a depiction of the relative
positions of the two Variable Capacitors in
the antenna tuner (VC-A and VC-B).
VL-1000 Operating Manual
 At the completion of the tuning process,
COMPLETE
“COMPLETE
COMPLETE” will appear on the display.
Once tuning has been successfully completed, the display will shift to the Graphical
SWR Meter automatically. In this mode,
both the “before tuning” (THRU) and “after
tuning” (A/T) SWR conditions present at the
VL-1000’s current antenna jack will be
shown. As you move around the band, new
antenna tuning settings will be recorded on
the Graphical SWR Meter, giving you a clear
picture of the tuning action of the VL-1000’s
automatic antenna tuner.
COMPLETE
 If “COMPLETE
COMPLETE” does not appear, it means
that an excessively-high SWR exists on the
ERROR
coaxial line; “ERROR
ERROR” will appear on the disHI SWR
PROTECT
play, and either “HI
SWR” or “PROTECT
PROTECT” will
come on to assist you in knowing the exact
nature of the fault. If either of these warning messages should appear on the display,
check the antenna, feedline, and antenna
connection.
COMPLETE
 If “COMPLETE
COMPLETE” appears after tuning, press
the OPERATE switch. The VL-1000 is now
ready for operation.
Note: During antenna tuning, the tuning carrier is passed through the power amplifier then
fed to a 20dB power attenuator circuit to minimize interference to other operators; this power
reduction takes place even if the OPERATE
switch is on.
Page 13
Operation
Linear Amplifier Operation
Beeper on/off
Although continuous full exciter power is required for accurate SWR measurement and antenna matching, this will cause overheating if
transmitting for an extended period when OPERATE switch is depressed (that is, when the
power amplifier section is on). So once the
antenna has been matched the first time, reduce the setting of the exciter’s DRIVE or RF
PWR control if you contemplate operation using a continuous-carrier operating mode (see
the guidelines below).
When you press a switch, the beeper provides useful audible feedback to confirm that
the switch was successfully activated.
For SSB and CW operation, make sure to
adjust the MIC GAIN and/or DRIVE control on the
transceiver for proper ALC indication on the
transceiver ALC meter, as described in the
transceiver manual. Generally, for SSB, the
ALC meter indication should not deflect beyond
a certain ALC limit (the “ALC” zone on the
transceiver’s meter) on voice peaks; on CW,
the ALC indication should be just enough to
cause slight meter deflection. Higher ALC levels may produce distortion or key clicks, without producing any additional power output.
If you want to turn the beeper off, first turn
the VL-1000 off, then press and hold in the
DISPLAY 1 and DISPLAY 2 switches while
you turn the VL-1000 on. To turn the beeper
back on again, repeat this switch-on procedure.
Resetting the CPU
The VL-1000 can be reset so as to clear all
settings, display memories, and antenna tuner
data; these will be reset to their factory defaults.
To reset the microprocessor, press and hold
in the OPERATE and DIM switches while you
turn the VL-1000 on.
For FM, SSTV, RTTY, AMTOR or packet,
press the LOW switch to select the LOW power
condition to prevent the overheating during
continuous operation for extended periods.
For AM operation, adjust the DRIVE or RF
PWR control on the transceiver so that the AVG
power meter on the VL-1000 does not exceed
250 watts when transmitting a carrier. On voice
peaks, adjust the MIC GAIN control on the transceiver so that the PEAK power meter on the
VL-1000 does not exceed 1000 watts.
Operating Precautions
Summarized below are some precautions to adhere to in order to ensure long life and troublefree operation with the VL-1000.
COMPLETE
 Do not transmit, after changing bands, until “COMPLETE
COMPLETE” appears on the display.
 Do not transmit when turning the POWER switch or the ATT switch on or off.
 When changing bands, always make certain that the VL-1000 is set for the same band as
the transceiver before transmitting, and that the proper antenna is connected. Remember that ANT 1 is automatically selected when the VL-1000 is switched off.
 Reduce the drive power or shorten transmissions if Warning Message #1001 appears on
the display (see next page).
Page 14
VL-1000 Operating Manual
WARNING Messages
If one of these messages should appear, a potentially serious situation is being experienced.
Turn the amplifier off, correct the problem, then turn the amplifier back on. If the problem has,
indeed, been corrected, full operation at the 1000 Watt power level should be restored.
 #1001: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS EXCESSIVE PA
The Power amplifier heatsink is overheated.
Reduce the drive power or shorten transmissions to cooling the heatsink.
 #1002: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS SWR > 3:1
The SWR is too high (above 3:1). Check the
antenna, feedline, and coaxial cable
connector(s).
 #1003: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS PA UNIT IMBALANCE
More than 50 watts of imbalance has occurred
among the four sections of the power amplifier.
A transistor or LPF Unit power combiner failure
may be responsible.
 #1004: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS EXCESSIVE DRIVE POWER
The recommended drive level from the exciter
(transceiver) has been exceeded. Reduce the
drive level or set the ATT switch to the ON position.
 #1005: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS EXCESSIVE PA DC VOLTAGE
The recommended Drain Voltage of the final
amplifier has been exceeded. Check the power
supply voltage regulator and associated circuitry.
 #1006: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS EXCESSIVE PA CURRENT
The recommended Drain Current of the final
amplifier has been exceeded. Check the power
FETs and associated circuitry.
 #1007: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS POWER SUPPLY FAILURE
The VP-1000 or its interconnection to the VL1000 has failed. Check the cable connection
from the VL-1000 and/or the VP-1000. This
Warning only appears when using the Yaesu
VP-1000 power supply unit.
 #1008: PROTECTION CIRCUIT DETECTS BAND SELECTION ERROR
The VL-1000 and the transceiver are set up with
conflicting band selection, due to a logic error
in the Band Data matrix, a failure in the BAND
DATA cable, or similar problem. The VL-1000 is
placed in the "Thru" mode automatically when
this occurs.
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Page 15
Specifications
General
Frequency Coverage:
160 ~ 6 Meter Amateur Bands
(USA Version: 160 ~ 15, 6 Meter Amateur Bands)
Power Output:
1000 Watts @ 220V AC Input to VP-1000 Power Supply
Continuous Transmission Period: 100% @ 500 W for 1 hour
Case Size (WHD):
410 x 135 x 439 mm
Weight (Approx.):
21 kg
Supply Voltage:
48 VDC, 12 VDC, 12 VDC
Power Consumption (Max.):
48 A @ 48 VDC, 2.8 A @ 12 VDC, 0.1 A @ 12 VDC
Linear Amplifier Section
Excitation Power:
ALC Voltage (output) Range:
Spurious Radiation:
Third-order IMD:
Input/Output Impedance:
50 ~ 80 Watts
0 to 10 V (Nominal 4V @ 1000 W output)
less than 50 dB @ 160 ~ 10 Meter Amateur Bands
less than 60 dB @ 6 Meter Amateur Band
less than 30 dB @ 1000 W PEP (Typical)
50 Ω, unbalanced
Automatic Antenna Tuner Section
Impedance Matching Range:
Frequency Range:
Matching Time:
Matched SWR:
Tuning Memory Register:
16 to 100 Ω, unbalanced @ 160 Meter Amateur Band
16 to 150 Ω, unbalanced @ 80 ~ 10 Meter Amateur Bands
25 to 100 Ω, unbalanced @ 6 Meter Amateur Band
160 ~ 6 Meter Amateur Bands
less than 10 seconds
1.5:1 or better
240 channels
Specifications are subject to change, in the interest of technical improvement, without nortice or oblogation.
CAUTION!
Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved by Yaesu
Musen could void the user’s authorization to operate this device.
Page 16
VL-1000 Operating Manual
Copyright 2011
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
All rights reserved
No portion of this manual
may be reproduced without
the permission of
VERTEX STANDARD CO., LTD.
Printed in Japan.
E
0
8
9
7
1
0
0
4
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement