Reference Materials
TURCK
Network Media Products
TURCK Standards
Notes:
One or more of the following standards may apply to products or components of products in this catalog. This section is
intended to provide a reference to the applicable standards only. Original or facsimiles of the original standards documents
should be used for interpretation. It is the responsibility of the user to determine the suitability of use of the products
represented in this catalog.
ANSI/B93.55M
Generally defines the geometry and connection scheme of “mini” type connectors used in fluid power (valve) applications.
It defines the numerical marking of the pins and the conductor size and colors for 3 and 5 pin versions. This specification
was the basis for the so-called “automotive” standard conductor colors that are widely used on sensors.
CENELEC EN 50 044
Identifies connections for inductive proximity switches. The specification defines conductor colors for proximity switches
with 2, 3, or 4 conductors. It also defines numerical marking of the terminals, whether quick disconnect, or not.
TURCK sensors and recommended cordsets that apply within the scope of the standard comply with CENELEC EN 50 044.
The conventions defined in this standard have been widely adopted in industry to include photoelectric controls and other
related sensing devices.
CSA
The Canadian equivalent of UL in Canada. It is a government-run organization that tests and certifies that products conform
to their own set of safety-related specifications.
DIN 43650
Defines the geometry and other characteristics of the “square” connectors most frequently used on hydraulic and
pneumatic solenoid valves and other devices in the fluid power industry.
MSHA
The Mine Safety and Health Administration - a US Government agency that ensures and regulates safety for mines and
mine workers. The MSHA approval is required for products used in underground mines, including electrical equipment,
power cords, and instrumentation components.
The MSHA standards require special fire-resistant properties and characteristics that prevent the propagation of flames.
NRTL
Nationally Recognized Test Laboratory - An independent laboratory authorized by the US Government to perform product
safety evaluations. Test laboratories must meet government laboratory standards, and are audited annually by OSHA to
maintain this credential. UL standards are adopted by the US government and OSHA as being “Safety Standards”, and
these accredited labs then use the UL standards to perform product evaluations.
The Canadian Standards Association, (CSA) is authorized as a NRTL to perform product evaluations and tests to the UL
Standards. The certification mark “CSA NRTL/C” is then applied to products that satisfy all construction and performance
criteria for both US and Canada. This certification mark is generally accepted by local building, safety, and quality agencies
as meeting safety, construction, and performance criteria in both the US and Canada.
S1
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Industrial
Automation
Shielded Cordsets
Whenever wire is used to transmit electrical data, it is possible for the wire to absorb external noise, possibly changing the
characteristics of the electrical signal, or to give off noise that could cause changes in other electrical components that are
near. Shielding is the act of placing conductive material between the potential noise emitters and receivers.
Electrical noise is usually classified as electro-magnetic interference (EMI) or radio frequency interference (RFI).
TURCK offers a number of shielding options:
Foil shield with drain, drain not connected
Foil and braid shield with shield tied to coupling nut
Foil shield with drain, drain connected to a pin
Aluminum armored cable with armor tied to coupling nut
For a shield to be effective, it must be tied to a ground at some point. It is usually preferred to not tie the shield to ground
at more than one point to avoid ground loops. A shield not tied to a ground will reflect some noise and is better than no
shield at all, but will be much more effective if tied to a ground.
High frequency noise, RFI, is handled well with a foil shield. The wavelength of RFI is usually small and can pass through
the 'holes' in a braided shield. EMI is usually larger wavelengths and needs a braided shield to increase the mass of
shielding material to be effective.
Aluminum armored cables provide the ultimate in noise immunity as they are basically flexible conduit.
Select the shielded cordset that best meets your needs. If it is easier to tie the shield to ground inside the panel, the
foil/drain with the drain not connected inside the cordset is a good choice. If you can connect the drain via a pin inside
the device being connected, the foil/drain with the drain connected to a pin is a good choice. Any environments with
EMI noise from things like large motors or welding equipment will benefit from a braided shield tied to the coupling nut.
TURCK shielded cordsets with the shield tied to the coupling nut offer complete shielding for the entire length of the
cordset. A metal sleeve inside the molded body connects the braid/foil shield of the cable to the metal coupling nut with
no loss of shielding potential.
TURCK armored cordsets are the ultimate in shielded connectors. A TURCK patented process allows the interlocked
aluminum armor to be connected directly to the coupling nut offering the same protection as running conductors inside
metal conduit.
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TURCK
Network Media Products
IP Protection Class
Dust Protection
0_
Unprotected
IP
_0
Unprotected
Water Protection
3_
Objects
2.5mm
4_
Objects
1.0mm
5_
Dust
Protected
6_
Dust
Tight
IP 20
IP 30
IP 40
IP 50
IP 60
_1
Dripping water
IP 11
IP 21
IP 31
IP 41
IP 51
IP 61
_2
Dripping water on
15 slant
IP 12
IP 22
IP 32
IP 42
IP 52
IP 62
IP 23
IP 33
IP 43
IP 53
IP 63
_4
Splashing water
IP 34
IP 44
IP 54
IP 64
_4K
Splashing water
high pressure
IP 34K
IP 44K
IP 54K
IP 64K
_5
Jet water
IP 55
IP 65
_6
Intense jet water
IP 56
IP 66
_6K
Intense jet water
high pressure
IP 56K
IP 66K
_7
Temporary immersion
IP 67
_8
Continuous
immersion as
specified by
manufacturer
IP 68
_9K
Water at high
pressure/Steam jet
cleaning
S3
2_
Objects
12.5mm
IP 10
_3
Spraying water
IP 00
1_
Objects
50mm
IP 69K
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Industrial
Automation
IP 67 Protection
First ID Number
Protection from Penetration of…
Requirements
0
Unprotected
N/A
1
Solid Foreign Particles Ø50 mm
No full penetration of sphere with Ø50 mm
2
Solid Foreign Particles Ø12.5 mm
No full penetration of sphere with Ø12.5 mm
3
Solid Foreign Particles Ø2.5 mm
No penetration of rod with Ø2.5 mm
4
Solid Foreign Particles Ø1.0 mm
No penetration of wire with Ø1.0 mm
5
Dust
Dust may only penetrate in such quantity that function and safety are not impacted
6
Dust
No penetration of dust
Protection from Penetration of…
Requirements
0
Unprotected
N/A
1
Dripping water
Vertically falling drips may not cause any damage.
2
Dripping water when the enclosure is in
a slanted position of up to 15°
Vertically falling drips may not cause any damage.
3
Spraying water
Spraying water, which is sprayed in a perpendicular angle of up to 60° may not cause
any damage.
4
Splashing water
Water splashing against the enclosure from every direction may not cause any
damage.
Splashing water with increased pressure
Water splashing against the enclosure from every direction and with increased
pressure may not cause any damage.
5
Jet water
Water which is hosed against the enclosure from every direction may not cause
damage.
6
Intense jet water
Water which is hosed against the enclosure with high intensity may not cause any
damage.
Intense jet water with increased pressure
Water which is hosed against the enclosure with high intensity and increased pressure
may not cause any damage.
7
Temporary immersion in water
Water may not enter the enclosure in such quantity as to cause damage when the
enclosure is held under water for a set period of time using predetermined pressure
(1 m for 30 min).
8
Continuous immersion in water
Water may not enter the enclosure in such quantity as to cause damage when the
enclosure is held under water for a set period of time using predetermined pressure
(TURCK standard is 6’ of water, and other chemicals, for a period of 24 hours).
9K
Water at high-pressure/steam jet
cleaning
Water which is directed against the enclosure from every direction with extremely
high pressure may not cause any damage (14 to 16 l/min at 8,000 to 10,000 kPa).
Second ID Number
4K
6K
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TURCK
Network Media Products
NEMA Standards
NEMA
1
NEMA
NEMA
2
NEMA
12
NEMA
13
NEMA
3
NEMA
3R
NEMA
4
NEMA
4X
NEMA
6
NEMA
6P
Rating Type
Protection against:
Test
Number
Incidental Contact
6.2
Falling Dirt
6.2
Rust
6.8
Circulating Dust, Lint, Fibers
(nonhazardous)
6.5.1.2(2)
Windblown Dust
6.5.1.1(2)
Falling Liquids/Light Splashing
6.3.2.2
Rain
6.4.2.1
Rain
6.4.2.2
Snow and Sleet
6.6.2.2
Hose Down and Splashing
Water
6.7
Occasional Prolonged
Submersion
6.11(2)
Oil and Coolant Drip
6.3.2.2
Oil and Coolant, Spray/Splash
6.12
Corrosive Agents
6.9
S5
Indoor
Outdoor
Indoor/Outdoor
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Industrial
Automation
NEMA
6.2 Rod Entry Test - a ½" diameter rod may not enter the enclosure and a 1/8" rod cannot enter within 4" of live
components
6.3 Drip Test - 20 drops per minute for 30 minutes with no water entering enclosure 6.3.2.2 Evaluation, no water shall
enter enclosure
6.4 Rain Test - All exposed surfaces are sprayed with 5 psi of water for 60 minutes at a rate of 18" per hour rise in a straight
sided pan 6.4.2.1 Evaluation, No water shall have reached live parts, insulation, or mechanisms 6.4.2.2 Evaluation, No
water shall have entered enclosure
6.5.1.1 (2) Outdoor Dust Test (alternate method) - Stream of water at 45 gallons per minute from a 1" diameter nozzle,
from all directions at a distance from 10' to 12'. Test time is a minimum of 5 minutes. No water shall enter enclosure.
6.5.1.2 (2) Indoor Dust Test (alternate method) - Atomized water at 30 psi is sprayed from all directions from a distance
of 12" to 15" at a rate of 3 gallons per hour. No water shall enter enclosure.
6.6 External Icing Test - The enclosure is sprayed with water between 0°C and 3°C in a room at 2°C. The spray is between
1 and 2 gallons per hour per square foot. Spray for 1 hour. The room temp is then dropped to between -7°C and -3°C with
the spray still going. Ice needs to build up on a test bar at a rate of 1/4 inch per hour. Spray continues until 3/4 inch of ice
is on the enclosure. Room temperature is maintained for at least 3 hours. 6.6.2.2 Evaluation, enclosure is undamaged after
ice has melted.
6.7 Hose down Test - Stream of water at 65 gallons per minute from a 1" diameter nozzle from all angles at a distance of
10' to 12'. Test time is 48 seconds times (height + width + depth of enclosure in feet) or a minimum of 5 seconds. No
water shall enter enclosure.
6.8 Rust Resistance Test - only applicable to enclosures incorporating external ferrous parts
6.9 Corrosion Protection - Test per UL 508, 6.9 or 6.10.
6.11 (2) Air Pressure Test (alternate method) - Enclosure is submerged in water at a pressure equal to a depth of 6' for 24
hours. No water shall enter enclosure.
6.12 Oil Exclusion Test - Stream of test liquid at 2 gallons per minute from a 3/8" nozzle for 30 minutes. Water with 0.1%
wetting agent is directed from all angles from a distance of 12" to 18". No test liquid shall enter the enclosure.
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Conversion Chart
AWG to Metric
AWG
Diameter
mm
Section
mm 2
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
3.26
2.59
2.05
1.63
1.29
1.024
0.813
0.643
0.511
0.405
0.32
0.255
10
6
4
2.5
1.5
0.75
0.5
0.34
0.25
0.14
0.05
0.05
Thread Conversion Chart
Cable Length Tolerance Chart
PG to Metric Threads
S7
All Lengths
PG
Diameter (mm)
Strip Length
Diameter (mm)
7
9
11
16
12
16
20
25
0-7 mm
8-29 mm
30-49 mm
50-69 mm
70-100 mm
Over 100 mm
±0.5 mm
±1.0 mm
±2.0 mm
±3.0 mm
±4.0 mm
±5.0 mm
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Industrial
Automation
Installing Cable Products in Accordance with the National Electrical Code (NEC)
The NEC is a set of guidelines for installation of electrical devices, including cables, meant to reduce the risk of electrical
shock, fire, etc. The NEC is simply a code and local laws may or may not require installation based on the NEC.
Check local laws for applicability.
The NEC generally does not cover cables installed inside a machine. Any cables installed in an exposed manner, on the
outside of a machine or from one machine to something else, must be an approved type and installed in accordance with
the appropriate NEC articles.
UL (Underwriters Laboratory) and CSA (Canadian Standards Association) are the primary sources in North America for
approving cables to specific standards. While a cable installed within a piece of machinery does not fall under the NEC,
most people want to install an approved cable. TURCK cables have both UL and CSA approvals. Many of these approvals
are the UL AWM (Appliance Wiring) approvals and are acceptable for use in a UL approved device. A UL Listed cable may
be installed outside a machine per the NEC standards. UL Listed cables available from TURCK include NEC designations for
hard duty cables (SOOW, SJOOW, STOOW, SEOW), armored cables (MC), and tray-rated cables (PLTC, ITC).
Hard duty cables designations are:
S - Service Grade (600 V)
SJ - Service Grade Junior (300 V)
ST - Service Grade Thermoplastic (600 V)
SE - Service Grade Thermoplastic Elastomer (600 V)
O - Oil resistant jacket material
OO - Oil resistant jacket and conductor insulation
W - Weather proof
TURCK armored cables are available in 3 different configurations. Type MC cables, type MC cables with ITC/PLTC
approvals and simply ITC/PLTC approved. Armored cables with ITC/PLTC approvals may be installed in an exposed run
without being offered additional mechanical protection.
Tray-rated cables from TURCK include Instrument Tray Cable (ITC) and/or Power Limited Tray Cable (PLTC).
TURCK NEC type approved cables are dual listed with other UL type approvals.
For example, the RKM 126-*M cordset has a 12 conductor 16 AWG cable with UL AWM 600V approval and
ITC/PLTC approval.
Please refer to the NEC and local laws for specific installation requirements based on your environment.
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Cable Applications
Proper management of cabling systems can mean the difference between a dependable and smooth operating installation
and costly reoccurring down time. The suggestions outlined below illustrate some of the common sources of problems and
provide simple and effective solutions.
Proper Bend Radius for Fixed and Moving Applications
Providing sufficient bend radius will allow the cable to absorb the energy of bending over a greater portion of its length,
increasing its effective working life. Small increases in the radius of the bend can produce substantial increases in cable life.
Fixed Applications:
Minimum bend radius 5x cable diameter
Moving Applications:
Minimum bend radius 10x cable diameter
Eliminating Stress Points in Cable Dress
Installing cables to allow for adequate stress loops and freedom of motion increase the life of the cables.
TURCK cordsets incorporate molded strain reliefs that will assist in preventing stress.
Tie Down Loops
Correct
S9
Strain Relief
Incorrect
Correct
Incorrect
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Industrial
Automation
Cable Bundling Techniques
When bundling several cables together, always keep the bundle loose enough to move within itself. Tightly tied bundles
create both compression and tension stresses when the bundle is moved.
Correct
Incorrect
Cabling for Motion Applications
Where cabling is subjected to linear, angular or rotational motion between two points, always allow adequate cable length
to absorb the energy imparted by the motion. Use of coiled cords, mechanical support mechanisms, or large, well
supported cable loops will maximize cable life.
Coil Cord
"C" Track
Cable Loop
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Tying Cables with Cable Ties
When tying cable with self locking cable ties, always leave the ties loose enough for the cables to slide freely under the tie.
Over tightening will create stress concentrations that can cause the conductors to fail prematurely. Never tighten the tie to
the point where the cable jacket becomes deformed or pinched.
Correct
Incorrect
Note: Do not use tools to tighten coupling nut. Hand-tighten only!!
S11
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Industrial
Automation
Glossary of Terms
Abrasion Resistance
Ability of wire, cable or material to resist surface wear.
AC Alternating Current
Current in which the charge-flow periodically reverses and is
represented by: I = I0cos (2 f + f) [ I= Im cos (vt+f ] where I is
the current, I0 is the amplitude, f the frequency, f the phase
angle.
Active Hub
A multiple port repeater or amplifier that lengthens the branching
ability of a bus.
Address
A unique logical point on the bus.
Ambient Temperature
The temperature of a medium (gas or liquid) surrounding an
object.
Ampere (A)
The unit of current. One ampere is the current flowing through
one ohm of resistance at one volt potential.
Amplifier
A product that strengthens a signal in real time, precisely copying
the old signal. Links two portions of the same bus together when
the signal is weakened by electrical losses as it travels down a
wire. An amplifier is used when the signal is weak but not
distorted.
ANSI
Abbreviation for American National Standards Institute.
armorfast ®
TURCK’s brand name for a cordset with metal clad cable
(NEC type MC)
Armored Cable
A cable provided with a wrapping of metal for mechanical
protection.
AWG (American Wire Gauge)
The standard system used for designating wire diameter. The
lower the AWG number, the larger the diameter. Also called the
Brown and Sharpe (B&S) wire gauge.
AWM (Appliance Wiring Material)
A UL designation covering insulated wire and cable for internal
wiring of appliances and equipment.
BA - Bitwise Arbitration
A form of collision detection on a network. All senders must also
be receivers. Bus line must be a specific length or less so all
nodes hear the bit at the same time.
Barrier Box
Limits current’voltage to an area.
Binder
A spirally served tape or thread used for holding assembled cable
components in place awaiting subsequent manufacturing
operations.
Bit
One piece of data that means either ‘High-Low’ or ‘ON-OFF’.
Bit Encoding
A time reference placed on an electrical or light signal to
distinquish high and low bits.
Braid
A fibrous or metallic group of filaments interwoven in cylindrical
form to form a covering over one or more wires.
Branch
One type is a double-sdied node that connects two connects two
a segments together that are the same protocol but different
transmission speeds. The other is a smart repeater that only
repeats the data between two bus segments when the source and
destination are in different protocols.
Bus
A simple straight-line topology.
Bus Junction
TURCK’s designation for a Connectorized passive hub.
Bus Module
TURCK’S designation for any field node, whether it uses terminal
screws, connectors, or a combination of connecting means.
Bus Occupant
Any active or passive device on a network.
Bus Station
TURCK’S designation for a fully Connectorized field node, but not
a master or gateway.
Busline
Any group of wires that carries data from node to node.
Byte
8 bits of information
Cable
A stranded conductor with or without insulation and other
coverings (single-conductor cable), or a combination of
conductors (multiple-conductor cable).
Carrier
The bit encoded signal carrying the data can ride on top of an AC
or DC carrier. Advantages to using a carrier are that both power
and data can be sent on just 2 wires and longer transmission
capabilities without distortion.
CD - Collision Detection
A form of collision detection on a network. All senders must also
be receivers. If two nodes start talking at the same time they will
hear a collision. Both stop talking, wait a random amount of time,
then look for a clear line to start talking again.
Checksum
A numerical representation of all the bits that is prepared by the
sender and included in the message. The receiver performs the
same calculation and compares the results. If they are not equal
the data is considered bad and not used.
Client/Server
Upload/download information, set point changes, alarm
management, remote diagnostics and one-to-one
communications.
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Glossary of Terms
Color Code
Wire or circuit identification by color, utilizing solid colors,
tracers, braids, surface printing, etc.
Contact Holder
Insulating device that holds the contacts in their proper position.
Conductivity
The ability of a material to allow electrons to flow, measured by
the current per unit of voltage applied. It is the reciprocal of
resistivity.
Conductor
A wire (or combination of wires not insulated from one another)
suitable for carrying electric current.
Conduit
A tube or trough in which insulated wires and cables are run.
Connector
A device used to provide rapid connect / disconnect service for
electrical cable and wire terminations.
Contact
The parts of a connector that actually carry the electrical current
and that are touched together or separated to control the flow.
Cordset
Portable cord fitted with a wiring device at one or both ends.
Cord
A small, flexible insulated cable.
CPE (Chlorinated Polyethylene)
A flexible material with high tear strength and good resistance to
most inorganic chemicals. It is inherently difficult to ignite. A
Thermoset plastic.
Creepage
The conduction of electricity across the surface of a dielectric.
Crimp Termination
A connection in which a metal sleeve is secured to a conductor
by mechanically crimping the sleeve with pliers, presses or
automated crimping machines.
Current (I)
The rate of transfer of electricity. Practical unit is the ampere,
which represents the transfer of one coulomb per second. In a
simple circuit, current (I) produced by a cell or electromotive
force (E) when there is an external resistance ®) and internal
resistance ®) is: I = E / R + r)
Current Carrying Capacity
The maximum current an insulated conductor can safely carry
without exceeding its insulation and jacket temperature
limitations.
Cut-Through Resistance
The ability of a material to withstand mechanical pressure, usually
a sharp edge or small bending radius, without separation.
Dielectric Strength
The voltage that an insulator can withstand before breakdown
occurs. Usually expressed as a voltage gradient (such as volts per
mil).
Direct Current (DC)
An electric current that flows in only one direction.
S13
Drain Wire
In a cable, the bare wire laid over the component or components
and used as a ground connection.
Dropline
A reduced branch (spur) from a trunk line.
Earth
British terminology for zero-reference ground.
EDS - Electronic Data Sheet
Electronically readable ASCII text files that contain both general
and device-specific parameters for communication and network
configuration (DeviceNet™).
EIA RS-485
A standard that defines the number of signal generators (the
components that create the signal), the receiver and a
combination of the called a transceiver. It also defines the
electrical signal.
End of Message
Lets other occupants of the bus know the transmission is over and
other messages can be sent.
EPDM
Ethylene-propylene-diene monomer rubber. A material with good
electrical insulating properties. A Thermoset plastic.
eurofast ®
M12x1 threads, single key, 2 - 6, 8, 10, 12 pin
Explicit Message
A command from another node.
Extruded Cable
Cable with conductors that are uniformly insulated and formed by
applying a homogeneous insulation material in a continuous
extrusion process.
Fillers
Non-conducting components cabled with the insulated
conductors or optical fibers to impart roundness, flexibility, tensile
strength, or a combination of all three, to the cable.
firefast ®
High temperature protective sleeving.
FKS - Frequency Shift Key
A common bit encoding method for modulated signals.
flexlife-10 ®
Unique cable designed for robotic and other continuous motion
applications
Gateway
A node on two different buses that serves as a signal and data
translator between the buses.
Ground
An electrical connection to the earth, generally through a ground
rod. Also a common return to a point of zero potential, such as
the metal chassis of equipment.
Ground Loop
A completed circuit between shielded pairs of a multiple pair
created by random contact between shields. An undesirable
circuit condition in which interference is created by ground
currents when grounds are connected at more than one point.
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Industrial
Automation
Glossary of Terms
Ground Potential
The potential of the earth. A circuit, terminal or chassis is said to
be at ground potential when it is used as a reference point for
other potentials in the system.
GSD - General Station Description
Electronically readable ASCII text files that contain both general
and device-specific parameters for communication and network
configuration (PROFIBUS).
Hygroscopic
Capable of absorbing moisture from the air.
IEC
European Standardization agency; International Electrotechnical
Commission.
Input
A signal (or power) which is applied to a piece of electrical
apparatus or the terminals on the apparatus to which a signal or
power is applied.
Insulation
A material having good dielectric properties that is used to
separate close electrical components, such as cable conductors
and circuit components.
ITC
Instrument Tray Cable. NEC classification for cable resistant to the
spread of fire and suitable for use in cable trays. 150 V rating.
Irradiation
In insulation, the exposure of the material to high-energy
emissions for the purpose of favorably altering the molecular
structure.
Jacket
Pertaining to wire and cable, the outer protective covering, may
also provide additional insulation.
LAS - Link Active Scheduler
Controls communication on the bus. Creates a token circulation
list that defines access on the bus. Multiple devices may have LAS
but only one can communicate at a time.
LED
Light Emitting Diode used to indicate device status.
Limited Peer-to-Peer
An exclusive one-to-one relationship between the input node and
the output node. Also called exclusive peer-to-peer.
Line Voltage
The value of the potential existing on a supply or power line.
Load
A device that consumes power from a source and uses that power
to perform a function.
Manchester
A common bit encoding for digital signals.
Media Access
The “right-of-way” for talking on the bus.
Message Collision Avoidance
A process for eliminating communication collisions on a network.
The two major ways to handle a potential collision are CD
(Collision Detection) and BA (Bitwise Arbitration)
Messaging
Ways to communicate on the network. The three major types in
the run mode are Solicited, Unsolicited and Explicit.
MC
Metal Clad Cable. NEC classification for cable resistant to crush
and impact based on an outer covering of metal.
microfast ®
1/2-20UNF threads, dual key, 2 - 6 pin
minifast ®
7/8-16UN threads, 2 - 6 pin
minifast B size
1-16UN threads, 6 - 8 pin
minifast C size
1 1/8-16UN threads, 9, 10, 12-pin
Moisture Resistance
The ability of a material to resist absorbing moisture from the air
or from water when immersed.
Molded Plug
A connector molded onto either end of a cord or cable.
MOV
Acronym for Metal Oxide Varistor. A solid state device used to
suppress voltage surges \ spikes
MSHA
Mine Safety and Health Administration
multibox ®
Junction boxes, 4, 6, 8 and 16 port
multifast
M23 threads, 12, 16 and 19-pin or M27 threads, 26 and 28-pin
Mylar
DuPont trademark for polyester film.
National Electrical Code (NEC)
A set of regulations governing construction and installation of
electrical wiring and apparatus in the United States, established
by the American National Board of Fire Underwriters.
NEMA
National Electrical Manufacturers Association.
Neoprene
A synthetic rubber with good resistance to oil, chemical, and
flame. Also called polychloroprene. A Thermoset plastic.
Node
An addressable device on the bus.
Noise
In a cable or circuit, any extraneous signal that tends to interfere
with the signal normally present in or passing through the system.
NPN Output
Transistor output that switches the common or negative voltage to
the load (current sinking). Load connected between output and
positive supply.
NRZ - Non Return to Zero
An encoding method on differential signals such as RS-485 and
CANbus.
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Glossary of Terms
Ohm ( )
The electrical unit of resistance. The value of resistance through
which a potential difference of one volt will maintain a current of
one ampere.
Ohm’s Law
E = I x R. Voltage (E) is directly proportional to the product of
current (I) and resistance ®) of circuit.
Output
The useful power or signal delivered by a circuit or device.
PA (Polyamide, Nylon)
An abrasion-resistant thermoplastic with good chemical resistance,
also known as polyamide.
Passive Hub
A multi-port tee.
pentafast ®
M5 threads, 3 and 4-pin
picofast ®
Snap lock or M8 threads, 3, 4 and 6-pin
Plastic
High-polymeric substances, including both natural and synthetic
products, but excluding the rubbers, that are capable of flowing
under heat and pressure.
Plug
A connector associated with being attached to a cable.
PLTC
Power Limited Tray Cable. NEC classification for cable resistant to
the spread of fire and suitable for use in cable trays. 300 V rating.
PNP Output
Transistor output that switches the positive voltage to the load
(current sourcing). Load connected between output and common.
POM (Polyoxymethylene, Acetal, Delrin )
Polyoxymethylene - a crystalline thermoplastic polymer with a
high melting point. It is suitable for mechanical parts or electrical
insulators that require structural strength at above
normal temperatures.
Potting
The sealing of a cable termination or other component with a
liquid that thermosets into an elastomer.
Power Conditioner
Device used to condition the power to be used for a bus segment.
Allows power and data to exist on the same wires.
powerfast ®
1 3/8-16 threads, 2, 3 and 4 pin or M23 threads, 6, 7 and 9-pins.
Power Tap
A tee which provides power to the network.
Protocol
A small program that is embedded in sending and listening
devices to organize the meaning of bits. DeviceNet, AS-interface,
PROFIBUS, Ethernet, etc. are all examples of different protocols.
Publisher / Subscriber
Scheduled distribution of data to nodes on the subscriber list.
S15
PUR (Polyurethane)
Broad class of polymers noted for good abrasion and solvent
resistance.
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)
A general-purpose thermoplastic widely used for wire and cable
insulation and jackets.
Repeater
Strengthens the bus signal by producing a fresh signal without
distortions. It also links two portions of the same bus together. A
repeater is used when the signal is weak or distorted.
Resistance
A measure of the difficulty in moving electrical current through a
medium when voltage is applied. It is measured in ohms.
Retractile Cord
A cord having a specially treated jacket or insulation so that it will
retract like a spring. Retractility may be added to all or part of a
cord’s length.
Ring
A network topology where every node is also a repeater.
Information comes into a node, information that pertains to that
node is read, new information is added and the message is sent
on to the next node.
Router
A higher level bridge for connection of wide area networks.
Rubber
A general term used to describe wire insulation made of
thermosetting elastomers, such as natural or synthetic rubbers,
neoprene, Hypalon, CPE butyl rubber and others.
Scanner Module
Allen-Bradley’s designation for the gateway that plugs into their
PLC and interfaces the PLCs bus to the network.
Serial Data Communication
“ON-OFF” or “HIGH-LOW” electrical signals.
Serial Data Transfer
Information transmitted one piece at a time in a specific order.
Serve
A filament or group of filaments such as fibers or wires, wound
around a central core.
Shield
In cables, a metallic layer placed around a conductor or group of
conductors to prevent electrostatic or electromagnetic
interference between the enclosed wires and external fields.
Signal
Any visible or audible indication that can convey information.
Also, the information conveyed through a communication system.
Simple Device
Anything that does not have LAS capabilities.
SJOOW
Junior hard service, rubber insulated, portable cord with oil
resistant rubber outer jacket. Stranded copper conductors with
separator and individual oil and water resistant rubber insulation.
Two or more color coded conductors cabled with filler, wrapped
with separator and rubber jacketed overall.
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Industrial
Automation
Glossary of Terms
Solicited Message
A response to another node or a response when it is the node’s
predetermined time to speak.
Solid Conductor
A conductor consisting of a single wire.
Solid State
Pertains to circuits and components using semiconductors without
moving parts. Example: transistors, diodes, SCR, etc.
SOOW
Heavy duty, rubber-insulated portable cord with oil resistant
rubber outer jacket. Stranded copper conductors with separator
and individual oil and rubber insulation. Two or more
color-coded conductors cabled with filler, wrapped with separator
and rubber jacketed overall. 300 V.
Spanner
TURCK’s designation for a double-sided slave node. Unit has
bi-directional data from one control area segment to another in a
free form format.
Star
Bus lines radiate from a single point.
Start of Message
A certain number of high bits that start a message. These
consecutive bits allow the listener time to prepare to receive the
data.
STOW
Heavy duty, PVC insulated, portable cord with oil resistant PVC
outer jacket. Stranded copper conductors, PVC insulation. Two or
more color coded conductors cabled with filler, wrapped with
separator and PVC jacketed overall. Approved for outdoor use.
600 V.
Stranded Conductor
A conductor composed of groups of wires twisted together.
System Tee
A field wireable tee.
Tee
Creates a branch or drop from a bus.
Temperature Rating
The maximum temperature at which a material may be used in
continuous operation without loss of its basic properties.
Terminating Resistor
A resistor that is put at the beginning and end of the main bus line
to stabilize and minimize reflections.
Thermoplastic
A material that will soften, flow or distort appreciably when
subjected to heat and pressure.
Thermoset
A material that hardens or sets when heat is applied, and which,
once set, cannot be re-softened by heating. The application of
heat is called “curing”.
Topology
A bus term that describes how the data lines connect the nodes
together.
TPE
Thermo Plastic Elastomer. Broad class of polymers noted for
flexibility and weld slag resistance.
TPR
Thermo Plastic Rubber. Another name for TPE.
Trunk line
The main bus line.
Twisted Pairs
A cable composed of two small, insulated conductors twisted
together without a common covering.
Unsolicited Message
A response to a change-of-state at the node.
Unlimited Peer-to-Peer
Output node gets information from several input nodes.
Versafast TM
M16 threads, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 14 and 19-pin
V*fast ®
DIN 43650, type A, B, I and C
VDE
German approval agency.
Volt (V)
A unit of electrical pressure. One volt is the electrical pressure that
will cause one ampere of current to flow through one ohm of
resistance.
Voltage
The term most often used in place of electromotive force,
potential difference, or voltage drop. Designates the electric
pressure existing between two points that is capable of producing
a current when a closed circuit is connected between these
points.
Voltage Rating
The highest voltage that may be continuously applied to a wire in
conformance with standards or specifications.
VW-1
A flammability rating established by Underwriters Laboratories for
wires and cables that pass a specially designed vertical flame test,
formerly designated FR-1.
Wicking
The longitudinal flow of a liquid in a wire or cable due to capillary
action.
Word
2 bytes.
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S16
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Innovative Sensor and Connector Solutions
TURCK is the market leader for providing innovative sensor and connectivity solutions for industrial automation.
Combining TURCK's high quality, high performance sensors with our ability to quickly mold multiple styles of cordsets,
gives our customers an infinite selection of uniquely connectorized sensing solutions.
All TURCK sensors with potted-in cable are available with customized cable length and connector options. The broadest
selection of connector options provides custom sensing solutions for the most diverse industrial applications.
Because it is TURCK, you can expect the same fast, flexible support. Even with custom configurations, YOUR sensor can
often be made within several days. Best of all, minimum quantity for YOUR sensor: ONE!
Part numbers are developed through your TURCK representative or application support.
In general, the formula below illustrates how to configure a custom, connectorized TURCK sensor.
+ Length in Meters +
Bi 4-M12-AN6X
+
0.5 Meters
+
RS 4T
New Part Number = Bi 4-M12-AN6X-0.5-RS 4T
Sensors with Connector Examples:
Bi 5-MT18-AN6X
Cable Sensor
T1
-
0.2M
Cable
Length
(meters)
-
RS 4T
eurofast ®
Male
Connector
Bi 2-EG08K-AP6X
Cable Sensor
- 0.5M - RS 4T
Cable
Length
(meters)
eurofast
Male
Connector
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Industrial
Automation
Innovative Sensor and Connector Solutions
Sensors with Connector Examples:
Bi 2-Q8SE-AN6X
-
Cable Sensor
0.3M
Cable
Length
(meters)
- PSG 3
picofast ®
Male
Connector
Bi 8-M18-AN6X
Cable Sensor
Bi10U-EM30-AP6X Cable Sensor
0.2M
Cable
Length
(meters)
- 0.1M - RSM 40
Cable
Length
(meters)
minifast ®
Male
Connector
- RS 4T
Bi 2-Q10S-AN6X -
eurofast
Male
Connector
Bi 5-GT18-ADZ30X2
Cable Sensor
-
Cable Sensor
0.2M
Cable
Length
(meters)
-
0.4M
Cable
Length
(meters)
- PSG 3
picofast
Male
Connector
SB 3T
microfast ®
Male
Connector
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Proximity Sensors
Inductive Sensors
•
•
•
•
•
amphibian TM washdown versions
High and low temperature
Harsh duty (IP 67, 68, 69K)
Die protection
Ring and slot versions
Uprox ®
weldguard ®
Resists high heat, weld slag build-up and abrasion
Up to 500 times more durable than other sensors
Embeddable or non-embeddable
Available in weld-field immune Uprox ® and
standard ferrite core versions
• armorguard TM protection for sensors in
impact-prone locations
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Detect all metal types at the same sensing range
Inherently weld-field immune
Up to 350% more range than conventional sensors
Wide -30°C (-22°F) to +85°C (+185°F) temperature range
picoprox ®
• Tiny 3, 4, 5, 6.5 and 8 mm diameter stainless steel housings
• Extended sensing range up to 4 mm
Capacitive Sensors
Q-pak ®
• Non-contact sensing of
metallic and non-metallic
materials
• Ideal for level detection
• Available in DC, AC and
IS models
• Solid-state output, high
switching frequency, no
moving parts
• Compact size fits in confined areas where
other sensors can’t
• Superior 3 mm (0.01") to 50 mm (0.20")
range
• Models from 5 mm to 80 mm size with
embeddable versions.
Intrinsically Safe Systems
multimodul ®
IS Barriers
• Complete line features
isolated design with no
need for dedicated
ground
• Hazardous circuits are
galvanically isolated from non-hazardous circuits
• DIN-rail or Eurocard styles
excom ® Remote I/O for Hazardous
Areas
• Eliminate need for conventional IS barriers
• Modular backplane bus with integrated voltage supply
for
ZENER Barriers
NAMUR Sensors and Junctions
• Class I, Class II, Class III, Division 1 and
Division 2 FM approved
• Full line of inductive, capacitive and magnet
operated inductive sensors
• Numerous sizes and styles are available
• Eliminates multiple cable runs for wiring IS
applications
T3
• FM, CSA, BASEEFA/
CENELEC certified
• Shunt-diode intrinsic safety
barriers feature narrow 7 mm
width
• Meet worldwide standards for
use in classified atmospheres
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Industrial
Automation
Measurement, Monitoring
and Position Sensing
Kübler by TURCK Encoders
• Incremental and absolute, shaft and hollow-shaft models
• Single and multi-turn absolute models in shaft and hollow-shaft
styles
• Temperature and aging compensation
Pressure Sensors
• Bar or PSI measuring units
and peak pressure memory
function
• 13 pressure ranges from
Vacuum to 600 bar
• Standard hysteresis mode
for over/under pressure
EZ-Track TM
Linear
Displacement
Transducers
• Magnetorestrictive
non-contact sensing
• Absolute position sensing
• +/-0.01% accuracy and
repeatability of up to
+/-0.001% of full stroke
Cylinder Position Sensors
• permaprox ®
• provides a precise sensing point
anywhere along the stroke
• Ultra-miniature 5 mm BIM-INT fits into
grooves of new-style cylinders
• Intrinsically safe models
Linear Analog Sensors
• Voltage and or current output proportional to target distance from
sensor
• Available in limit switch, barrel or Q-pak ® rectangular styles
• Remote amplifiers available with adjustable switching points
Rotational Controls
Flow Monitors
• Speed meters & monitors
(overspeed/underspeed detector)
• Analog output and direction discriminators
• DIN 19 234 and intrinsically-safe NAMUR
sensor input
• Insertion and in-line styles,
self-contained or remote amplifier
• Omnidirectional stainless steel,
plastic or Teflon® housings
Valve Position Sensors
• Dual inductive solid state sensors
• Monitor valve position on rotary actuators
Ultrasonic
Sensors
• Epoxy-potted units
with adjustable
sensing ranges
• Accurate over long sensing ranges for all types of objects
Relays
• Unique design provides
higher reliability and
longer relay life
• Integral mounting bracket
and pin numbering on the
socket for faster wiring
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TURCK
Network Media Products
RFID, Network Devices and Interfaces
Radio Frequency
Identification
Systems (RFID)
Network Devices
and Interfaces
• Track products and manage
information
• Not reliant upon line-of-sight
• Read only, read/write, high
speed, infrared TAGs,
transceivers, control boards
and interfaces
Connectivity Solutions
3 to 5-pin
Standard Cordsets
• Industry standard cordsets
and connectors
• eurofast ®, picofast ®,
minifast ®, microfast ®,
multifast ®, pentafast TM
and V*fast ®
Custom Solutions
• Jacket options for any
environment
• Diameters from 4.4 mm to
13.2 mm
• From 16 to 26 AWG, 2 to 19 conductors, braided or foil shields
OEM Connectors
• Components for buses, networks, panels, circuit boards, enclosures
and machines in eurofast, picofast, minifast, microfast, multifast,
pentafast, and V*fast style connectors
• Front mount, rear mount, feed-through with solder cups, leads, or
PCB pins in straight or right angle styles
• Intelligent bus stations with built-in bus electronics interface with
existing devices and provide diagnostics, short-circuit protection
and automatic baud rate detection
flexlife-10 ®
Continuously
Flexible Cable
• Performance to 10 million
continuous flexing cycles
• Ideal for power and
signals to factory
automation equipment
• Available with molded
cordsets using industry standard connections
• UL recognized and CSA approved, with operating temperatures up
to 105°C (221°F) and cold flexibility to -40°C (40°F)
multifast ® 5-28 Conductor Solutions
• Solid metal connector
shell and fully molded
connectors
• Receptacles in standard
or long thread lengths
• NAMUR cordsets and
extensions in blue PVC
and PLTC rated
reelfast ® Bulk Cable
Rugged Junction Boxes
• multibox ® junction boxes and splitters enable wiring consolidation
from sensors and other devices
• Die-cast aluminum or industrial hardened plastic housings
• Choice of cable or a quick-disconnect multifast ® homerun cable
T5
• Spooled cable in 30 m, 100 m or
200 m lengths in self-feeding
packages
• 170+ different PUR, PVC and
rubber cables to choose from
PLTC, high-flex and more
• 2-day drop-ship delivery
available
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Industrial
Automation
TURCK Process Wiring Solutions
TURCK has an extensive line of industrial wiring solutions that are optimized for process applications. The receptacles, drop
cords, junction boxes, home-run cables and accessories comprise a process wiring system designed for the demanding
conditions of process applications.
• Quick-disconnect design eliminates mis-wiring and speeds installation.
Instrument receptacles, drop cords, junction boxes and home-run cables reduce multiple cable runs.
Shielded-twisted pair construction serves analog and HART applications.
Cables with premium PVC insulation provide superior chemical resistance and flexibility.
Choice of stainless steel or nickel-plated brass hardware.
Rated and approved for installation in process applications.
Many products are FM approved for installations in hazardous locations.
Cables are UL recognized and CSA certified.
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Code Requirements for Flexible Process Wiring Products:
Ordinary (Nonhazardous) Locations
Figure 1
Type ITC cable, or Instrumentation Tray Cable, provides a
cost effective alternative for installing low power
instrumentation and control circuits. NEC Article 727
permits the use of ITC-rated cables “in industrial
establishments where the conditions of maintenance and
supervision ensure that only qualified persons service the
installation”. It may also be used in “instrumentation and
control circuits operating at 150 volts or less and 5 amps or
less.” Permitted uses include installation in cable trays or
raceways (Figure 1), or as open wiring in specified
circumstances.
One of the permitted uses as open wiring is illustrated in Figure 2. NEC Article 727.4(5) allows ITC cable to be used “as
open wiring without metallic sheath or armor between cable tray and equipment in lengths not to exceed 15 m (50 ft),
where the cable is supported and protected against physical damage using mechanical protection, such as struts, angles, or
channels.”
This concept enables convenient wiring
methods, given that drops from a cable
tray may be made without additional
auxiliary trays or raceways.
Additionally, ITC cable uses 300 volt
insulation, resulting in smaller diameter,
more flexible cable, with no
requirement for special (e.g. Class 2)
power supplies. When the ITC cable
concept is combined with the TURCK
process wiring system, the result is an
extremely flexible and cost-effective
system for process wiring.
The basic building blocks of the system
are device receptacles, junction boxes,
and molded cordsets.
Figure 2
≤50 ft.
Mechanically protected
Receptacles with 1/2-14NPT and 3/4-14NPT threads, as
well as M20x1.5, easily extend the benefits of
quick-disconnect wiring to most process instruments.
T7
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Industrial
Automation
Junction boxes significantly consolidate field wiring. They are available with 4, 7 or 8-ports, with home-run
quick-disconnect or integral home-run cable, in metal, nylon or molded polyurethane housing.
The TURCK process wiring system provides an integrated, code-compliant wiring method that adds the benefits of
quick-disconnects to the ITC cable installation concepts.
Molded quick-disconnect cordsets,
using ITC cables, provide the ratings
and performance characteristics
required for process applications.
≤50 ft.
≤50 ft.
Mechanically protected
Another permitted use of ITC cable that increases
flexibility is illustrated in Figure 3. NEC Article 727.4 (4)
allows ITC cable to be used “as open wiring where
enclosed in a smooth metallic sheath, continuous
corrugated metallic sheath, or interlocking tape armor
applied over the nonmetallic sheath in accordance with
727.6. The cable shall be supported and secured at
intervals not exceeding 1.8 m (6 ft.).”
Figure 3
Supported every 6 ft.
Armored cable
Any length
Any length
When using armored cable, there is no
requirement for further mechanical protection or a
length limitation.
≤50 ft.
≤50 ft.
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TURCK
Network Media Products
Hazardous Locations
Even more value can be derived from the TURCK process wiring system in hazardous locations.
The system is now FM approved for use in Class I, Divisions 1 and 2 when installed per TURCK
drawing QCF-00147. Contact TURCK for a copy of the approval or visit www.TURCK.com/fmcd.
The following are the highlights of the approval.
Intrinsically Safe Circuits
Class I, Division 1
Hazardous Location
Nonhazardous
Location
Intrinsically
Safe Apparatus
Intrinsically
Safe Barrier
Intrinsically safe circuits may be wired
using any of the wiring methods suitable
for unclassified locations. The use of
connectors is allowed as intrinsically safe
circuits are safe against faults, including
opening, shorting or grounding. The
requirements for mechanical protection
and length limitations are equivalent
nonhazardous to locations.
Nonincendive Equipment
Class I, Division 2
Hazardous Location
Nonhazardous
Location
Nonincendive Equipment
ITC cable is a recognized Division 2 wiring
method. NEC in Article 501.4 (B)(1)(5) states
“Type ITC cable in cable trays, in raceways,
supported by messenger wire, afforded
mechanical protection and run as open wiring, or
directly buried where the cable is listed for this
use.” This is further reinforced by Article 727.4
(3), which states that ITC cable is permitted “in
hazardous locations as permitted in 501.4,...”.
The requirements for mechanical protection and length limitations are for equivalent to nonhazardous locations.
Connectors that do not require a tool to disengage are considered to be “normally arcing” and are not
allowed to be used in Division 2 for incendive circuits without additional protection.
lokfast guards enable the use of quick-disconnect technology in Class I, Division 2 hazardous locations.
lokfast guards render a QD connection not “normally arcing” by:
- Making disconnection impossible by eliminating access to coupling nut.
- Warning the user to disconnect power before removing.
- Requiring the use of a tool for removal.
lokfast guards are available for 7/8-16UN minifast ® and M12 eurofast ® molded and
field-wireable connectors.
Optional multifast home-run connectors with set screw locks similarly render a connection
not “normally arcing”.
T9
TURCK Inc. 3000 Campus Drive Minneapolis, MN 55441 Application Support: 1-800-544-7769 Fax: (763) 553-0708 www.turck.com
Courtesy of Steven Engineering, Inc.-230 Ryan Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080-6370-Main Office: (650) 588-9200-Outside Local Area: (800) 258-9200-www.stevenengineering.com
Industrial
Automation
Class I, Division 2
Hazardous Location
lokfast guards (or integrally
locked multifast connectors)
on all quick disconnects in
Division 2.
Nonhazardous
Location
Nonincedive
Equipment
(all ports)
The molded construction of
the home-run connector and
the gas/vapor tight continuous
sheath of the cable meet the
requirements of NEC Article
501-5(E)(2) for cable seals in
Division 2.
Requirements for mechanical
protection and length
limitations are equivalent to
nonhazardous locations.
Boundary
cable seal
not required
Nonincendive Equipment
Intrinsic Safety Summary
Class I, Division 1
Hazardous Location
Intrinsically safe circuits do not
require guards on quick
disconnects.
Nonhazardous
Location
Intrinsically Safe
Apparatus (all ports)
Junction boxes have
FM-approved spacings and
Entity Parameters for
Intrinsically safe circuits.
Boundary seals are not
required as the molded
construction of the home-run
connecter and the gas/vapor
tight continuous sheath of the
cable meet the requirements
of NEC Article 501-5(C) for
cable seals in Class I, Divisions
1 and 2.
Intrinsically Safe Apparatus
Boundary cable
seal not required
Requirements for mechanical protection and length limitations are equivalent to nonhazardous locations.
TURCK Inc. 3000 Campus Drive Minneapolis, MN 55441 Application Support: 1-800-544-7769 Fax: (763) 553-0708 www.turck.com
T10
Courtesy of Steven Engineering, Inc.-230 Ryan Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080-6370-Main Office: (650) 588-9200-Outside Local Area: (800) 258-9200-www.stevenengineering.com
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