MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET PART I 1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET PART I 1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Prepared to U.S. OSHA, CMA, ANSI, and Canadian WHMIS Standards
PART I
What is the material and what do I need to know in an emergency?
1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Powdered Cleanser (Clean Flo)
TRADE NAME (AS LABELED):
CHEMICAL NAME/CLASS:
PRODUCT USE:
U.S. SUPPLIER/MANUFACTURER'S NAME:
U.S. ADDRESS:
U.S. BUSINESS PHONE:
EMERGENCY PHONE:
DATE OF PREPARATION:
Sodium Carbonate Mixture
Draft Line Cleaner
BDP INNOVATIVE CHEMICALS
1416 Langham Terrace
Lake Marry, FL 32746 USA
1-800-574-6080
1-800-424-9300 (CHEMTREC) [Within U.S. and Canada]
December 10, 2004
2. COMPOSITION and INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CHEMICAL NAME
CAS #
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR
% w/w
ACGIH-TLV
TWA
STEL
3
3
mg/m
mg/m
Chlorine Capped Ethoxylated
C10-14 Alcohols
Sodium Carbonate, Soda Ash, light
Sodium Percarbonate
(Exposure limits are for
“Particulates, Not Otherwise
Classified)
61702-77-0
1.88
NE
OSHA-PEL
TWA
3
mg/m
NE
NE
NIOSH
IDLH
3
mg/m
OTHER
STEL
3
mg/m
NE
NE
NE
3
mg/m
497-19-8
40.0%
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
NE
4452-58-8
58.0%
NE
NE
50 mppcf or 5 total
dust
15 mppcf or 5
respirable fraction)
NE
NE
DFG MAK:
TWA = 4 (inhalable
fraction); 1.5
(respirable fraction)
Other trace components.
Each of the other
components are present in less than 1 percent
concentration (0.1% concentration for potential
carcinogens, reproductive toxins, respiratory tract
sensitizers, and mutagens).
Balance
None of the other components in this mixture contribute significantly to the hazards
associated with this component. All pertinent hazard information has been provided in this
Material Safety Data Sheet, per the requirements of the U.S. Federal Occupational Safety
and Health Administration Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200), U.S. State equivalent
Standards, and the Canadian Workplace Hazardous Materials Identification System
Standards (CPR 4).
NE = Not Established.
See Section 16 for Definitions of Terms Used.
NOTE: ALL WHMIS required information is included in appropriate sections based on the ANSI Z400.1-1998 format. This product has been classified in
accordance with the hazard criteria of the CPR and the MSDS contains all the information required by the CPR.
3. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW: This product is a white to off-white, irritating solid. Health Hazards: This product may irritate
contaminated tissue, especially in the presence moisture. Skin contact with solutions from this product may result in
irritation or burns, depending on duration of contact and concentration of solution. Depending on the duration of contact,
over-exposures can irritate or cause burns to the eyes. Fire Hazards: This product would have to be strongly heated in
order for ignition to occur. Accumulation of dusts can cause a danger of air/dust explosion. Thermal decomposition of this
product produces irritating vapors and toxic gases (e.g. potassium oxides, hydrogen chloride, sodium oxides, carbon
monoxide and carbon dioxide). Reactivity Hazards: This product is not reactive. Environmental Hazards: This product
may damage plants and animals if released to a terrestrial or aquatic environment. The product presents no
bioaccumulation hazard. Emergency Considerations: In the event of fire or spill, adequate precautions must be taken.
Emergency responders must wear the proper personal protective equipment suitable for the situation to which they are
responding.
SYMPTOMS OF OVEREXPOSURE BY ROUTE OF EXPOSURE: The most significant routes of occupational overexposure
are inhalation and contact with skin and eyes. The symptoms of overexposure to this product, via route of exposure, are as
follows:
INHALATION: If dusts or particulates of this product are inhaled, symptoms of exposure may include breathing difficulty,
irritation of the mucus membranes, coughing, nasal congestion, and a sore throat. Severe overexposure may damage the
tissues of the respiratory system and cause potentially fatal lung conditions (e.g., chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary
edema). Chronic low-level inhalation of dust of this product may result in permanent damage to lung tissue and reduction of
lung capacity, including development of emphysema and other lung conditions. Chronic inhalation exposures may result in
dental erosion and perforation of the nasal septum.
POWDERED CLEANSER MSDS
PAGE 1 OF 9
3. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION (Continued)
CONTACT WITH SKIN or EYES: Depending on the duration of skin
contact, skin overexposures may cause reddening, discomfort, or
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
irritation. Solutions of the product are alkaline and may irritate the skin
or cause chemical burns. Chemical burns result in blistering of the skin
and possible scarring. Repeated skin-overexposures to low
(BLUE) 2
HEALTH HAZARD
concentrations can result in dermatitis (inflammation and reddening of
the skin). There is some evidence that the Sodium Percarbonate
component may cause skin sensitization in susceptible individuals and
allergic reaction. Symptoms can include itching, rash or welts. Contact
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD (RED) 1
with the eyes may cause moderate to severe irritation, pain, reddening,
watering, and possibly, blindness. Other symptoms of eye contact may
result from absorption of sodium carbonate into the bloodstream.
SKIN ABSORPTION: The components of this product are not known to
be absorbed through intact skin.
PHYSICAL HAZARD (YELLOW) 0
INGESTION: Ingestion is not anticipated to be a likely route of
exposure to this product. If this product is swallowed, it may cause
gastric discomfort. Symptoms of such over-exposure can include
nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Ingestion of large amounts may cause
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
a shock-like state, fall of blood pressure, slow pulse, cyanosis, coma,
hypocalcemic tetany (dangerous lowering of serum calcium levels),
HANDS
BODY
EYES
RESPIRATORY
metabolic acidosis. Ingestion of large amounts of this product may also
be corrosive to the gastrointestinal tract, resulting in severe abdominal
pain, vomiting, diarrhea, collapse or may be fatal.
SEE SECTION 8
SEE SECTION 8
INJECTION: Accidental injection of this product, via laceration or
puncture by a contaminated object, may cause pain and irritation in
For Routine Industrial Use and Handling Applications
addition to the wound.
HEALTH EFFECTS OR RISKS FROM EXPOSURE: An Explanation in
See Section 16 for Definition of Ratings
Lay Terms. In the event of exposure, the following symptoms may be
observed:
ACUTE: Depending on the duration of contact, over-exposures can moderately to severely irritate or burn the eyes, skin,
mucous membranes, and any other exposed tissue. If inhaled, irritation of the respiratory system may occur, with coughing,
and difficulty breathing. Severe inhalation and ingestion over-exposures may be fatal.
CHRONIC: Prolonged or repeated skin overexposure to this product may cause dermatitis (dry, red skin). Prolonged
inhalation of the vapors may lead to dental erosion, nasal perforation, and respiratory disorders (e.g., bronchitis). Repeated
ingestion of this product can cause tooth erosion. Some evidence exists that the Sodium Percarbonate component may
cause sensitization and allergic skin reaction in susceptible individuals.
TARGET ORGANS: Acute: Skin, eyes, respiratory system, esophagus.
Chronic: Skin, respiratory system.
PART II
What should I do if a hazardous situation occurs?
4. FIRST-AID MEASURES
Victims of chemical exposure must be taken for medical attention. Remove or cover gross contamination to avoid exposure
to rescuers. Rescuers should be taken for medical attention, if necessary. Take copy of label and MSDS to physician or
health professional with victim.
SKIN EXPOSURE: If the product contaminates the skin, immediately begin decontamination with running water. Minimum
flushing is for 15 minutes. Do NOT interrupt flushing. Remove exposed or contaminated clothing, taking care not to
contaminate eyes. Victim must seek immediate medical attention.
EYE EXPOSURE: If this product enters the eyes, open victim's eyes while under gently running water. Use sufficient force to
open eyelids. Have victim "roll" eyes. Minimum flushing is for 15 minutes. Do NOT interrupt flushing.
INHALATION: If dusts or particulates of this product are inhaled, remove victim to fresh air. If necessary, use artificial
respiration to support vital functions. Seek medical attention if any adverse effect occurs.
INGESTION: If this product is swallowed, CALL PHYSICIAN OR POISON CONTROL CENTER FOR MOST CURRENT
INFORMATION. If professional advice is not available, do not induce vomiting. Rinse mouth with water immediately, if
conscious. Victim should drink milk, egg whites, or large quantities of water to dilute chemical. Never induce vomiting or give
diluents (milk or water) to someone who is unconscious, having convulsions, or unable to swallow. If vomiting occurs, lean
patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration.
If contaminated individual is convulsing, maintain an open airway and obtain immediate medical attention.
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PAGE 2 OF 9
4. FIRST-AID MEASURES (Continued)
RECOMMENDATIONS TO PHYSICIANS: Treat symptoms and eliminate overexposure.
MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Pre-existing dermatitis and respiratory problems may be
aggravated by overexposure to this product.
5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
FLASH POINT: Not flammable.
NFPA RATING
AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE: Not flammable.
FLAMMABILITY
FLAMMABLE LIMITS (in air by volume, %):
Lower (LEL): Not applicable.
1
Upper (UEL): Not applicable.
FIRE EXTINGUISHING MATERIALS: This material will not contribute significantly to HEALTH
0
2
INSTABILITY
the intensity of a fire. Use extinguishing material suitable to the surrounding fire.
Water Spray: YES
Carbon Dioxide: YES
Foam: YES
Dry Chemical: YES
Halon: YES
Other: Any "ABC” Class.
OTHER
UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: This product poses a slight fire
hazard at elevated temperatures. Solutions of this product may be corrosive and so
See Section 16 for
present a possible contact hazard to firefighters. When involved in a fire, this product
Definition of Ratings
may decompose and produce irritating fumes and toxic gases (e.g., carbon monoxide,
carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride, potassium oxides, sodium oxides). It is important to note that, as with all organic solids,
large dust clouds of this product have the potential to ignite explosively.
Explosion Sensitivity to Mechanical Impact: Not applicable.
Explosion Sensitivity to Static Discharge: Although this product is not sensitive to static discharge, dusts of this material
can be ignited by static discharge, especially if large amounts of dusts are allowed to accumulate. All equipment in used
in the handling of this material should be electrically grounded.
SPECIAL FIRE-FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Prevent the spread of any released product to combustible objects. Incipient
fire responders should wear eye protection. Structural firefighters must wear Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus and full
protective equipment. Chemical resistant clothing may be necessary. Move fire-exposed containers of this product out of
area, if it can be done without risk to firefighters. If this product is involved in a fire, fire runoff water should be contained to
prevent possible environmental damage.
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
RELEASE RESPONSE: Uncontrolled releases should be responded to by trained personnel using pre-planned procedures.
Proper protective equipment should be used. In case of a spill, clear the affected area and protect people. Monitor the area
for levels of this product’s components and the level of oxygen. Monitoring must indicate that exposure levels are below
those provided in Section 2 (Composition and Information on Ingredients) and that oxygen levels are above 19.5% before
anyone is permitted in the area without Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus. Small releases can be swept-up or cleaned-up
using a damp sponge or polypads, avoiding generation of dusts, wearing gloves, goggles, and suitable body protection. The
minimum Personal Protective Equipment recommended for response to non-incidental releases should be Level B: triplegloves (neoprene gloves and nitrile gloves over latex gloves), chemical resistant suit and boots, hard-hat, and SelfContained Breathing Apparatus. Neutralize residue with citric acid or other neutralizing agent for basic compounds.
Decontaminate the area thoroughly. Test area with litmus paper to ensure neutralization. Place all spill residue in a suitable
container. Dispose of in accordance with applicable U.S. Federal, State, or local procedures, or appropriate Canadian
standards (see Section 13, Disposal Considerations).
PART III
How can I prevent hazardous situations from occurring?
7. HANDLING and STORAGE
WORK AND HYGIENE PRACTICES: As with all chemicals, avoid getting this product ON YOU or IN YOU. Wash
thoroughly after handling this product. Do not eat, drink, smoke, or apply cosmetics while handling this product. Avoid
breathing vapors or mists generated by this product. Use in a well-ventilated location. Remove contaminated clothing
immediately.
STORAGE AND HANDLING PRACTICES: All employees who handle this material should be trained to handle it safely.
Keep container tightly closed when not in use. Store containers in a cool, dry location, away from direct sunlight, sources of
intense heat, or where freezing is possible. Material should be stored in secondary containers or in a diked area, as
appropriate. Store containers away from incompatible chemicals (see Section 10, Stability and Reactivity). Storage areas
should be made of corrosion resistant materials. Post warning and “NO SMOKING” signs in storage and use areas, as
appropriate. Empty containers may contain product which can be harmful; therefore, empty containers should be handled
with care. Never store food, feed, or drinking water in containers which held this product.
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PAGE 3 OF 9
7. HANDLING and STORAGE (Continued)
PROTECTIVE PRACTICES DURING MAINTENANCE OF CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT: Follow practices indicated in
Section 6 (Accidental Release Measures). Make certain that application equipment is locked and tagged-out safely. Always
use this product in areas where adequate ventilation is provided. Before maintenance begins, decontaminate equipment
with neutralizing agent appropriate for basic materials and follow with a triple-rinse with water. Test equipment with litmus
paper to ensure neutralization is complete. Collect all rinsates and dispose of according to applicable Federal, State, or local
procedures.
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS - PERSONAL PROTECTION
VENTILATION AND ENGINEERING CONTROLS: Use with adequate ventilation. If necessary, vent material to outside,
taking appropriate precautions to prevent environmental contamination. Ensure eyewash/safety shower stations are
available near where this product is used.
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: Use NIOSH approved respirators if ventilation is inadequate to control dusts. Maintain
airborne contaminate concentrations below guidelines listed in Section 2 (Composition and Information on Ingredients). If
respiratory protection is needed, use only protection authorized in the U.S. Federal OSHA Standard (29 CFR 1910.134),
applicable U.S. State regulations, or the Canadian CSA Standard Z94.4-93 and applicable standards of Canadian
Provinces. Oxygen levels below 19.5% are considered IDLH by OSHA. In such atmospheres, use of a full-facepiece
pressure/demand SCBA or a full facepiece, supplied air respirator with auxiliary self-contained air supply is required under
OSHA’s Respiratory Protection Standard (1910.134-1998).
EYE PROTECTION: Use approved safety goggles or safety glasses, as described in OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133. Splash
goggles with a faceshield may be needed if solutions of this product are made and a splash hazards exists. If necessary,
refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133, Canadian Standards.
HAND PROTECTION: Wear chemical impervious gloves (e.g., rubber, Neoprene). If necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29
CFR 1910.138 appropriate Standards of Canada.
BODY PROTECTION: Use body protection appropriate for task (e.g., Tyvek suit, rubber apron) to protect from splashes and
sprays of solutions of this product. If a hazard of injury to the feet exists due to falling objects, rolling objects, where objects
may pierce the soles of the feet or where employee’s feet may be exposed to electrical hazards, use foot protection, as
described in U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.136.
9. PHYSICAL and CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
PHYSICAL STATE: Powdered solid.
BOILING POINT: Not applicable.
FREEZING POINT: Not applicable.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY (bulk density): 1.6706 g/cm3
VAPOR PRESSURE: Not applicable.
pH: 11 (1% solution)
VAPOR DENSITY: Not applicable.
EVAPORATION RATE (water = 1): Not applicable.
ODOR THRESHOLD: Not established.
LOG WATER/OIL DISTRIBUTION COEFFICIENT: Not established.
APPEARANCE, ODOR AND COLOR: This product is a white to off-white, highly irritating solid, with an acrid odor.
HOW TO DETECT THIS SUBSTANCE (warning properties): The appearance may act as warning a property associated
with this product in the event of an accidental release. Litmus paper will turn purple/blue upon contact with solutions of this
product.
10. STABILITY and REACTIVITY
STABILITY: Stable.
DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Thermal decomposition of this product may generate carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide,
sodium, hydrogen chloride and phosphorous oxides.
MATERIALS WITH WHICH SUBSTANCE IS INCOMPATIBLE: Strong acids, oxidizers, aluminum, fluorine, sulfuric acid,
zinc, hydrogen peroxides, lithium, phosphorous pentoxide, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene.
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Avoid contact with incompatible chemicals.
PART IV
Is there any other useful information about this material?
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
TOXICITY DATA: Toxicology data for components greater than 1 percent in concentration is provided below:
SODIUM CARBONATE, SODA ASH, LIGHT:
Standard Draize Test (Skin-Rabbit, adult) 500
mg/24 hours: Mild irritation effects
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Rabbit, adult) 100
mg/24 hours: Moderate irritation effects
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Rabbit, adult) 100
mg/30 seconds: Mild irritation effects
SODIUM CARBONATE, SODA ASH, LIGHT
(continued):
Standard Draize Test (Eye-Rabbit) 50 mg: Severe
LD50 (Oral-Rat) 4090 mg/kg
LD50 (Oral-Mouse) 6600 mg/kg
LD50 (Intraperitoneal-Mouse) 117 mg/kg
LD50 (Subcutaneous-Mouse) 2210 mg/kg
LD50 (Oral-Mouse) 6600 mg/kg
POWDERED CLEANSER MSDS
PAGE 4 OF 9
SODIUM CARBONATE, SODA ASH, LIGHT
(continued):
LD50 (Intraperitoneal-Mouse) 117 mg/kg
LD50 (Subcutaneous-Mouse) 2210 mg/kg TDLo
(Intrauterine-Mouse) 84,800 ng/kg (4 days
preg): Reproductive effects
3
LC50 (Inhalation-Rat) 2300 mg/m /2 hours
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION (Continued)
TOXICITY DATA (continued):
SODIUM CARBONATE, SODA ASH, LIGHT
(continued):
3
LC50 (Inhalation-Mouse) 1200 mg/m /2 hours
3
LC50 (Inhalation-Guinea Pig, adult) 800 mg/m /2
hours
SODIUM CARBONATE, SODA ASH, LIGHT
(continued):
TCLo (Inhalation-Species Unspecified) 16200 μ
3
g/m /17 weeks-intermittent: Sense Organs
and Special Senses (Olfaction): change in
sensation of smell; Vascular: BP elevation
not characterized in autonomic section;
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration: respiratory
depression
SODIUM PERCARBONATE:
Currently, there are no toxicological
available for this compound
data
SUSPECTED CANCER AGENT: None of the components of this product are found on the following lists: FEDERAL OSHA
Z LIST, NTP, IARC, CAL/OSHA, and therefore are not considered to be, nor suspected to be, cancer causing agents by
these agencies.
IRRITANCY OF PRODUCT: This product is extremely irritating and corrosive to contaminated tissue.
SENSITIZATION OF PRODUCT: There is some evidence that the Sodium Percarbonate component may cause skin
sensitization in susceptible individuals and allergic reaction. Symptoms can include itching, rash or welts.
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY INFORMATION: Listed below is information concerning the effects of this product and its
components on the human reproductive system.
Mutagenicity: The components of this product are not reported to produce mutagenic effects in humans.
Embryotoxicity: The components of this product are not reported to produce embryotoxic effects in humans.
Teratogenicity: The components of this product are not reported to cause teratogenic effects in humans.
Reproductive Toxicity: The components of this product are not reported to cause reproductive effects in humans.
A mutagen is a chemical which causes permanent changes to genetic material (DNA) such that the changes will propagate
through generational lines. An embryotoxin is a chemical which causes damage to a developing embryo (i.e. within the first
eight weeks of pregnancy in humans), but the damage does not propagate across generational lines. A teratogen is a
chemical which causes damage to a developing fetus, but the damage does not propagate across generational lines. A
reproductive toxin is any substance which interferes in any way with the reproductive process.
BIOLOGICAL EXPOSURE INDICES: Currently there are no Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) determined for the
components of this product.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
ALL WORK PRACTICES MUST BE AIMED AT ELIMINATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION.
ENVIRONMENTAL STABILITY: The components of this product will decompose into other organic and inorganic
compounds over time under normal environmental conditions. Additional environmental data are available as follows:
SODIUM CARBONATE, SODA ASH, LIGHT:
Persistence: Can persist indefinitely. Solubility: Soluble in 3.5 parts water at room temperature. Major Species Threatened: Plants.
EFFECT OF MATERIAL ON PLANTS or ANIMALS: This product may be harmful to animal life if large volumes of it are
released into the environment.
EFFECT OF CHEMICAL ON AQUATIC LIFE: This product may be harmful to contaminated aquatic life (especially if large
volumes of it are released into an aquatic environment.
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
PREPARING WASTES FOR DISPOSAL: Waste disposal must be in accordance with appropriate U.S. Federal, State, and
local regulations and those of Canada and EC Member States. This solution, if unaltered by use, may be disposed of by
treatment at a permitted facility or as advised by your local hazardous waste regulatory authority.
EPA WASTE NUMBER: Solutions of this product should be tested for D002 (Waste Characteristic Corrosivity).
14. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
THIS PRODUCT IS NOT HAZARDOUS AS DEFINED BY 49 CFR 172.101 BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF
TRANSPORTATION.
PROPER SHIPPING NAME:
Not Regulated
HAZARD CLASS NUMBER and DESCRIPTION:
Not Applicable
UN IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
Not Applicable
DOT LABEL(S) REQUIRED:
Not Applicable
PACKAGING GROUP:
Not Applicable
NORTH AMERICAN RESPONSE GUIDEBOOK NUMBER (2004): Not Applicable
MARINE POLLUTANT: No component of this product is listed as a marine pollutant by the D.O.T. (49 CFR 172.101,
Appendix B).
TRANSPORT CANADA TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS REGULATIONS: This product is not considered
as dangerous goods, per Transport Canada regulations.
POWDERED CLEANSER MSDS
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15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
ADDITIONAL U.S. REGULATIONS:
U.S. SARA REPORTING REQUIREMENTS: No component of this product is subject to the reporting requirements of
Sections 302, 304 and 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act.
U.S. SARA THRESHOLD PLANNING QUANTITY: There are no specific Threshold Planning Quantities for the components
of this product. The default Federal MSDS submission and inventory requirement filing threshold of 10,000 lbs (4,540 kg)
therefore applies, per 40 CFR 370.20.
U.S. CERCLA REPORTABLE QUANTITY (RQ): Not applicable.
U.S. TSCA INVENTORY STATUS: All components of this product are listed on the TSCA Inventory.
OTHER U.S. FEDERAL REGULATIONS: Not applicable.
CALIFORNIA SAFE DRINKING WATER AND TOXIC ENFORCEMENT ACT (PROPOSITION 65): No component of this
product is listed on the California Proposition 65 lists. Trace materials in the product are on the California Proposition 65
Lists, including Dioxane and Ethylene Oxide. These materials are in less than 0.001%.
ANSI LABELING (Z129.1): WARNING! MAY BE HARMFUL OR FATAL IF SWALLOWED. MAY CAUSE RESPIRATORY
SYSTEM, SKIN AND EYE IRRITATION. Do not taste or swallow. Do not get on skin or in eyes. Avoid breathing dusts or
particulates. Keep container closed. Use only with adequate ventilation. Wash thoroughly after handling. Wear gloves,
goggles, and suitable body protection if necessary. FIRST-AID: In case of contact, immediately flush skin or eyes with
plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If
ingested, do not induce vomiting. Get medical attention if any adverse effects occur. IN CASE OF FIRE: Use water fog, dry
chemical, CO2, or “alcohol” foam. IN CASE OF SPILL: Sweep or vacuum spill, avoiding generation of dust, and place in
suitable container. Consult Material Safety Data Sheet for additional information.
ADDITIONAL CANADIAN REGULATIONS:
CANADIAN DSL/NDSL INVENTORY STATUS: The components of this product are listed on the DSL Inventory.
OTHER CANADIAN REGULATIONS: Not applicable.
CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (CEPA) PRIORITY SUBSTANCES LISTS: Not applicable.
Class D2B: Materials Causing Other Toxic Effects
CANADIAN WHMIS SYMBOLS:
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Canadian Controlled Products Regulations
(CPR) and the MSDS contains all the information required by the CPR.
16. OTHER INFORMATION
PREPARED BY:
DATE OF PRINTING:
CHEMICAL SAFETY ASSOCIATES, Inc.
PO Box 3519, La Mesa, CA 91944-3519
(619) 670-0609
January 20, 2006
All statements, technical information and recommendations herein are based on tests we believe to be reliable, but the accuracy or completeness thereof is
not guaranteed. THE FOLLOWING IS MADE IN LIEU OF ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR PURPOSE. Seller’s and manufacturer’s only obligation shall be to replace such quantity of the product
proved to be defective. Before using, user shall determine the suitability of the product for its intended use, and user assumes all risks and liability
whatsoever in connection therewith.
NEITHER SELLER NOR MANUFACTURER SHALL BE LIABLE EITHER IN TORT OR IN CONTRACT FOR ANY LOSS OR DAMAGE, DIRECT,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL, ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR THE INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT.
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DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
A large number of abbreviations and acronyms appear on a MSDS. Some of these which are commonly used include the following:
CAS #: This is the Chemical Abstract Service Number that uniquely
identifies each constituent.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM HAZARD
RATINGS (continued):
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR:
HEALTH HAZARD (continued):
4 (continued): Eye Irritation: Not appropriate. Do not rate as a “4”, based
on eye irritation alone. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: < 1 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity
LD50Rat or Rabbit: < 20 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: < 0.05
mg/L).
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD:
0 (Minimal Hazard-Materials that will not burn in air when exposure to a
temperature of 815.5°C [1500°F] for a period of 5 minutes.); 1 (Slight
Hazard-Materials that must be pre-heated before ignition can occur.
Material require considerable pre-heating, under all ambient temperature
conditions before ignition and combustion can occur, Including: Materials
that will burn in air when exposed to a temperature of 815.5°C (1500°F) for a
period of 5 minutes or less; Liquids, solids and semisolids having a flash
point at or above 93.3°C [200°F] (e.g. OSHA Class IIIB, or; Most ordinary
combustible materials [e.g. wood, paper, etc.]; 2 (Moderate Hazard-Materials
that must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient
temperatures before ignition can occur. Materials in this degree would not,
under normal conditions, form hazardous atmospheres in air, but under high
ambient temperatures or moderate heating may release vapor in sufficient
quantities to produce hazardous atmospheres in air, Including: Liquids
having a flash-point at or above 37.8°C [100°F] Solid materials in the form of
course dusts that may burn rapidly but that generally do not form explosive
atmospheres; Solid materials in a fibrous or shredded form that may burn
rapidly and create flash fire hazards (e.g. cotton, sisal, hemp; Solids and
semisolids that readily give off flammable vapors.); 3 (Serious HazardLiquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature
conditions. Materials in this degree produce hazardous atmospheres with air
under almost all ambient temperatures, or, unaffected by ambient
temperature, are readily ignited under almost all conditions, including:
Liquids having a flash point below 22.8°C [73°F] and having a boiling point at
or above 38°C [100°F] and below 37.8°C [100°F] [e.g. OSHA Class IB and
IC]; Materials that on account of their physical form or environmental
conditions can form explosive mixtures with air and are readily dispersed in
air [e.g., dusts of combustible solids, mists or droplets of flammable liquids];
Materials that burn extremely rapidly, usually by reason of self-contained
oxygen [e.g. dry nitrocellulose and many organic peroxides]); 4 (Severe
Hazard-Materials that will rapidly or completely vaporize at atmospheric
pressure and normal ambient temperature or that are readily dispersed in
air, and which will burn readily, including: Flammable gases; Flammable
cryogenic materials; Any liquid or gaseous material that is liquid while under
pressure and has a flash point below 22.8°C [73°F] and a boiling point below
37.8°C [100°F] [e.g. OSHA Class IA; Material that ignite spontaneously
when exposed to air at a temperature of 54.4°C [130°F] or below [e.g.
pyrophoric]).
PHYSICAL HAZARD:
0 (Water Reactivity: Materials that do not react with water. Organic
Peroxides: Materials that are normally stable, even under fire conditions and
will not react with water. Explosives: Substances that are Non-Explosive.
Unstable Compressed Gases: No Rating. Pyrophorics: No Rating.
Oxidizers: No “0” rating allowed. Unstable Reactives: Substances that will
not polymerize, decompose, condense or self-react.); 1 (Water Reactivity:
Materials that change or decompose upon exposure to moisture. Organic
Peroxides: Materials that are normally stable, but can become unstable at
high temperatures and pressures. These materials may react with water, but
will not release energy. Explosives: Division 1.5 & 1.6 substances that are
very insensitive explosives or that do not have a mass explosion hazard.
Compressed Gases: Pressure below OSHA definition. Pyrophorics: No
Rating. Oxidizers: Packaging Group III; Solids: any material that in either
concentration tested, exhibits a mean burning time less than or equal to the
mean burning time of a 3:7 potassium bromate/cellulose mixture and the
criteria for Packing Group I and II are not met. Liquids: any material that
exhibits a mean pressure rise time less than or equal to the pressure rise
time of a 1:1 nitric acid (65%)/cellulose mixture and the criteria for Packing
Group I and II are not met. Unstable Reactives: Substances that may
decompose, condense or self-react, but only under conditions of high
temperature and/or pressure and have little or no potential to cause
significant heat generation or explosive hazard. Substances that readily
undergo hazardous polymerization in the absence of inhibitors.);
CEILING LEVEL: The concentration that shall not be exceeded during any
part of the working exposure.
LOQ: Limit of Quantitation.
MAK: Federal Republic of Germany Maximum Concentration Values in the
workplace.
NE: Not Established. When no exposure guidelines are established, an
entry of NE is made for reference.
NIC: Notice of Intended Change.
NIOSH CEILING: The exposure that shall not be exceeded during any part
of the workday. If instantaneous monitoring is not feasible, the ceiling shall
be assumed as a 15-minute TWA exposure (unless otherwise specified) that
shall not be exceeded at any time during a workday.
NIOSH RELs: NIOSH’s Recommended Exposure Limits.
PEL-Permissible Exposure Limit: OSHA’s Permissible Exposure Limits.
This exposure value means exactly the same as a TLV, except that it is
enforceable by OSHA. The OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits are based
in the 1989 PELs and the June, 1993 Air Contaminants Rule (Federal
Register: 58: 35338-35351 and 58: 40191). Both the current PELs and the
vacated PELs are indicated. The phrase, “Vacated 1989 PEL,” is placed
next to the PEL that was vacated by Court Order.
SKIN: Used when a there is a danger of cutaneous absorption.
STEL-Short Term Exposure Limit: Short Term Exposure Limit, usually a
15-minute time-weighted average (TWA) exposure that should not be
exceeded at any time during a workday, even if the 8-hr TWA is within the
TLV-TWA, PEL-TWA or REL-TWA.
TLV-Threshold Limit Value: An airborne concentration of a substance that
represents conditions under which it is generally believed that nearly all
workers may be repeatedly exposed without adverse effect. The duration
must be considered, including the 8-hour.
TWA-Time Weighted Average:
Time Weighted Average exposure
concentration for a conventional 8-hr (TLV, PEL) or up to a 10-hr (REL)
workday and a 40-hr workweek.
IDLH-Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health: This level represents a
concentration from which one can escape within 30-minutes without
suffering escape-preventing or permanent injury.
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM HAZARD
RATINGS: This rating system was developed by the National Paint and
Coating Association and has been adopted by industry to identify the degree
of chemical hazards.
HEALTH HAZARD:
0 (Minimal Hazard: No significant health risk, irritation of skin or eyes not
anticipated. Skin Irritation: Essentially non-irritating. PII or Draize = “0”.
Eye Irritation: Essentially non-irritating, or minimal effects which clear in < 24
hours [e.g. mechanical irritation]. Draize = “0”. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: <
5000 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: < 2000 mg/kg. Inhalation
Toxicity 4-hrs LC50 Rat: < 20 mg/L.); 1 (Slight Hazard: Minor reversible Injury
may occur; slightly or mildly irritating. Skin Irritation: Slightly or mildly
irritating. Eye Irritation: Slightly or mildly irritating. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: >
500-5000 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: > 1000-2000 mg/kg.
Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: > 2-20 mg/L); 2 (Moderate Hazard:
Temporary or transitory injury may occur. Skin Irritation: Moderately
irritating; primary irritant; sensitizer. PII or Draize > 0, < 5. Eye Irritation:
Moderately to severely irritating and/or corrosive; reversible corneal opacity;
corneal involvement or irritation clearing in 8-21 days. Draize > 0, < 25. Oral
Toxicity LD50 Rat: > 50-500 mg/kg. Dermal Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: >
200-1000 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs Rat: > 0.5-2 mg/L.); 3
(Serious Hazard: Major injury likely unless prompt action is taken and
medical treatment is given; high level of toxicity; corrosive. Skin Irritation:
Severely irritating and/or corrosive; may destroy dermal tissue, cause skin
burns, dermal necrosis. PII or Draize > 5-8 with destruction of tissue. Eye
Irritation: Corrosive, irreversible destruction of ocular tissue; corneal
involvement or irritation persisting for more than 21 days. Draize > 80 with
effects irreversible in 21 days. Oral Toxicity LD50 Rat: > 1-50 mg/kg. Dermal
Toxicity LD50Rat or Rabbit: > 20-200 mg/kg. Inhalation Toxicity LC50 4-hrs
Rat: > 0.05-0.5 mg/L.); 4 (Severe Hazard: Life-threatening; major or
permanent damage may result from single or repeated exposure. Skin
Irritation: Not appropriate. Do not rate as a “4”, based on skin irritation alone.
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PAGE 7 OF 9
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS (Continued)
HAZARDOUS MATERIALS IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM HAZARD
RATINGS (continued):
NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION
RATINGS (continued):
PHYSICAL HAZARD (continued):
2 (Water Reactivity: Materials that may react violently with water. Organic
Peroxides: Materials that, in themselves, are normally unstable and will
readily undergo violent chemical change, but will not detonate. These
materials may also react violently with water. Explosives: Division 1.4 –
Explosive substances where the explosive effect are largely confined to the
package and no projection of fragments of appreciable size or range are
expected. An external fire must not cause virtually instantaneous explosion
of almost the entire contents of the package. Compressed Gases:
Pressurized and meet OSHA definition but < 514.7 psi absolute at 21.1°C
(70°F) [500 psig]. Pyrophorics: No Rating. Oxidizers: Packing Group II
Solids: any material that, either in concentration tested, exhibits a mean
burning time of less than or equal to the mean burning time of a 2:3
potassium bromate/cellulose mixture and the criteria for Packing Group I are
not met. Liquids: any material that exhibits a mean pressure rise time less
than or equal to the pressure rise of a 1:1 aqueous sodium chlorate solution
(40%)/cellulose mixture and the criteria for Packing Group I are not met.
Unstable Reactives:
Substances that may polymerize, decompose,
condense, or self-react at ambient temperature and/or pressure, but have a
low potential for significant heat generation or explosion. Substances that
readily form peroxides upon exposure to air or oxygen at room temperature);
3 (Water Reactivity: Materials that may form explosive reactions with water.
Organic Peroxides: Materials that are capable of detonation or explosive
reaction, but require a strong initiating source, or must be heated under
confinement before initiation; or materials that react explosively with water.
Explosives: Division 1.2 – Explosive substances that have a fire hazard and
either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but do not
have a mass explosion hazard. Compressed Gases: Pressure > 514.7 psi
absolute at 21.1°C (70°F) [500 psig]. Pyrophorics: No Rating. Oxidizers:
Packing Group I Solids: any material that, in either concentration tested,
exhibits a mean burning time less than the mean burning time of a 3.:2
potassium bromate/cellulose mixture.
Liquids: Any material that
spontaneously ignites when mixed with cellulose in a 1:1 ratio, or which
exhibits a mean pressure rise time less than the pressure rise time of a 1:1
perchloric acid (50%)/cellulose mixture. Unstable Reactives: Substances
that may polymerize, decompose, condense or self-react at ambient
temperature and/or pressure and have a moderate potential to cause
significant heat generation or explosion.); 4 (Water Reactivity: Materials that
react explosively with water without requiring heat or confinement. Organic
Peroxides: Materials that are readily capable of detonation or explosive
decomposition at normal temperature and pressures. Explosives: Division
1.1 & 1.2-explosive substances that have a mass explosion hazard or have
a projection hazard. A mass explosion is one that affects almost the entire
load instantaneously. Compressed Gases: No Rating. Pyrophorics: Add to
the definition of Flammability “4”.
Oxidizers: No “4” rating. Unstable
Reactives: Substances that may polymerize, decompose, condense or selfreact at ambient temperature and/or pressure and have a high potential to
cause significant heat generation or explosion.).
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD (continued): 3 Liquids and solids that can be
ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Materials in this
degree produce hazardous atmospheres with air under almost all ambient
temperatures or, though unaffected by ambient temperatures, are readily
ignited under almost all conditions. 4 Materials that will rapidly or
completely vaporize at atmospheric pressure and normal ambient
temperature or that are readily dispersed in air and will burn readily.
INSTABILITY HAZARD: 0 Materials that in themselves are normally
stable, even under fire conditions. 1 Materials that in themselves are
normally stable, but that can become unstable at elevated temperatures
and pressures. 2 Materials that readily undergo violent chemical change
at elevated temperatures and pressures. 3 Materials that in themselves
are capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or explosive
reaction, but that require a strong initiating source or that must be heated
under confinement before initiation. 4 Materials that in themselves are
readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or explosive
reaction at normal temperatures and pressures.
NATIONAL
RATINGS:
FIRE
PROTECTION
ASSOCIATION
HAZARD
HEALTH HAZARD: 0 (material that on exposure under fire conditions would
offer no hazard beyond that of ordinary combustible materials); 1 (materials
that on exposure under fire conditions could cause irritation or minor residual
injury); 2 (materials that on intense or continued exposure under fire
conditions could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury);
3 (materials that can on short exposure could cause serious temporary or
residual injury); 4 (materials that under very short exposure could cause
death or major residual injury).
FLAMMABILITY HAZARD: 0 Materials that will not burn under typical fire
conditions, including intrinsically noncombustible materials such as
concrete, stone, and sand. 1 Materials that must be preheated before
ignition can occur. Materials in this degree require considerable
preheating, under all ambient temperature conditions, before ignition and
combustion can occur 2 Materials that must be moderately heated or
exposed to relatively high ambient temperatures before ignition can occur.
Materials in this degree would not under normal conditions form
hazardous atmospheres with air, but under high ambient temperatures or
under moderate heating could release vapor in sufficient quantities to
produce hazardous atmospheres with air.
ASSOCIATION
HAZARD
FLAMMABILITY LIMITS IN AIR:
Much of the information related to fire and explosion is derived from the
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Flash Point - Minimum
temperature at which a liquid gives off sufficient vapors to form an ignitable
mixture with air. Autoignition Temperature: The minimum temperature
required to initiate combustion in air with no other source of ignition. LEL the lowest percent of vapor in air, by volume, that will explode or ignite in the
presence of an ignition source. UEL - the highest percent of vapor in air, by
volume, that will explode or ignite in the presence of an ignition source.
TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION:
Human and Animal Toxicology: Possible health hazards as derived from
human data, animal studies, or from the results of studies with similar
compounds are presented. Definitions of some terms used in this section
are: LD50 - Lethal Dose (solids & liquids) which kills 50% of the exposed
animals; LC50 - Lethal Concentration (gases) which kills 50% of the exposed
animals; ppm concentration expressed in parts of material per million parts
3
of air or water; mg/m concentration expressed in weight of substance per
volume of air; mg/kg quantity of material, by weight, administered to a test
subject, based on their body weight in kg. Other measures of toxicity include
TDLo, the lowest dose to cause a symptom and TCLo the lowest
concentration to cause a symptom; TDo, LDLo, and LDo, or TC, TCo,
LCLo, and LCo, the lowest dose (or concentration) to cause lethal or toxic
effects. Cancer Information: The sources are: IARC - the International
Agency for Research on Cancer; NTP - the National Toxicology Program,
RTECS - the Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances, OSHA and
CAL/OSHA. IARC and NTP rate chemicals on a scale of decreasing
potential to cause human cancer with rankings from 1 to 4. Subrankings
(2A, 2B, etc.) are also used. Other Information: BEI - ACGIH Biological
Exposure Indices, represent the levels of determinants which are most likely
to be observed in specimens collected from a healthy worker who has been
exposed to chemicals to the same extent as a worker with inhalation
exposure to the TLV.
ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION:
EC is the effect concentration in water. BCF = Bioconcentration Factor,
which is used to determine if a substance will concentrate in lifeforms which
consume contaminated plant or animal matter. TLm = median threshold limit;
Coefficient of Oil/Water Distribution is represented by log Kow or log Koc
and is used to assess a substance’s behavior in the environment.
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PAGE 8 OF 9
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS (Continued)
REGULATORY INFORMATION:
U.S. and CANADA:
This section explains the impact of various laws and regulations on the material. ACGIH: American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, a
professional association which establishes exposure limits. EPA is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. NIOSH is the National Institute of
Occupational Safety and Health, which is the research arm of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). WHMIS is the Canadian
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System. DOT and TC are the U.S. Department of Transportation and the Transport Canada, respectively.
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA); the Canadian Domestic/Non-Domestic Substances List (DSL/NDSL); the U.S. Toxic Substance
Control Act (TSCA); Marine Pollutant status according to the DOT; the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA
or Superfund); and various state regulations. This section also includes information on the precautionary warnings which appear on the material’s package
label. OSHA - U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
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