L200 ADJUSTABLE VOLTAGE AND CURRENT REGULATOR

L200 ADJUSTABLE VOLTAGE AND CURRENT REGULATOR
L200
®
ADJUSTABLE VOLTAGE AND CURRENT REGULATOR
ADJUSTABLE OUTPUT CURRENT UP TO 2 A
(GUARANTEED UP TO Tj = 150 °C)
ADJUSTABLE OUTPUT VOLTAGE DOWN TO
2.85 V
INPUT OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION (UP TO
60 V, 10 ms)
SHORT CIRCUIT PROTECTION
OUTPUT TRANSISTOR S.O.A. PROTECTION
THERMAL OVERLOAD PROTECTION
LOW BIAS CURRENT ON REGULATION PIN
LOW STANDBY CURRENT DRAIN
DESCRIPTION
The L200 is a monolithic integrated circuit for voltage and current programmable regulation. It is
available in Pentawatt® package or 4-lead TO-3
metal case. Current limiting, power limiting, thermal
shutdown and input overvoltage protection (up to
Pentawatt®
TO-3 (4 lead)
60 V) make the L200 virtually blow-out proof.
The L200 can be used to replace fixed voltage
regulators when high output voltage precision is
required and eliminates the need to stock a range
of fixed voltage regulators.
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Symbol
Value
Unit
Vi
DC Input Voltage
Parameter
40
V
Vi
Peak Input Voltage (10 ms)
60
V
∆Vi-o
Dropout Voltage
32
V
Io
Output Current
internally limited
Ptot
Power Dissipation
internally limited
Tstg
Storage Temperature
Top
Operating Junction Temperature for L200C
for L200
-55 to 150
°C
-25 to 150
°C
-55 to 150
°C
THERMAL DATA
TO-3
Pentawatt®
Rth j-case
Thermal Resistance Junction-case
Max
4 °C/W
3 °C/W
Rth j-amb
Thermal Resistance Junction-ambient
Max
35 °C/W
50 °C/W
January 2000
1/12
L200
CONNECTION DIAGRAMS AND ORDER CODES (top views)
Type
Pentawatt®
L200
L200 C
TO-3
L200 T
L200 CH
L200 CV
L200 CT
BLOCK DIAGRAM
APPLICATION CIRCUITS
Figure 1. Programmable Voltage Regulator
with Current Limiting
2/12
Figure 2. Programmable Current Regulator.
L200
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (Tamb = 25 °C, unless otherwise specified)
Symbol
Parameter
Test Conditions
Min.
Typ.
Max.
Unit
4.2
9.2
mA
VOLTAGE REGULATION LOOP
Id
Quiescent drain Current (pin 3)
Vi = 20 V
eN
Output Noise Voltage
Vo = Vref
B = 1 MHz
Vo
∆ Vo
Vo
∆ Vi
µV
80
Output Voltage Range
Io = 10 mA
Voltage Load Regulation
(note 1)
∆Io = 2 A
∆Io = 1.5 A
Line Regulation
V0 = 5 V
Vi = 8 to 18 V
48
60
dB
V0 = 5 V
Io = 500 mA
∆Vi = 10 Vpp
f = 100 Hz (note 2)
48
60
dB
∆ Vo
SVR
Io = 10 mA
Supply Voltage Rejection
2.85
0.15
0.1
∆Vi-o
Droupout Voltage between Pins 1
and 5
Io = 1.5 A
∆V0 ≤ 2%
Vref
Reference Voltage (pin 4)
Vi = 20 V
Io = 10 mA
2.64
36
V
1
0.9
%
%
2
2.5
V
2.77
2.86
V
3/12
L200
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
Symbol
Parameter
∆Vref
Average Temperature Coefficient
of Reference Voltage
I4
∆ I4
Test Conditions
Vi = 20 V
Min.
Io = 10mA
for Tj = - 25 to 125 °C
for Tj = 125 to 150 °C
3
Average Temperature
Coefficient (pin 4)
Zo
Output Impedance
Vi = 10 V
Io = 0.5 A
Vo = Vref
f = 100 Hz
Vi = 10 V
I5 = 100 mA
Vo = Vref
Max.
-0.25
-1.5
Bias Current and Pin 4
∆ T • I4
Typ.
Unit
mV/°C
mV/°C
10
µA
-0.5
%/°C
1.5
mΩ
CURRENT REGULATION LOOP
VSC
∆ VSC
∆ T • VSC
∆ Io
Current Limit Sense Voltage
between Pins 5 and 2
Average Temperature
Coefficient of VSC
Current Load Regulation
Io
ISC
0.38
Peak Short Circuit Current
Vi = 10 V
Io = 0.5 A
Io = 1A
Io = 1.5 A
∆Vo = 3V
Vi - V0 = 14 V
(pins 2 and 5 short circuited)
0.45
0.52
0.03
%/°C
1.4
1
0.9
%
%
%
3.6
Note 1: A load step of 2 A can be applied provited that input-output differential voltage is lower than 20 V (see Figure 3).
Note 2: The same performance can be maintained at higher output levels if a bypassing capacitor is provited between pins 2 and 4.
Figure 3. Typical Safe Operating Area
Protection.
4/12
V
Figure 4. Quiescent Current vs. Supply
Voltage.
A
L200
Figure 5. Quiescent Current vs. Junction
Voltage.
Figure 6. Quiescent Current vs. Output
Current.
Figure 7. Output Noise Voltage vs. Output
Voltage.
Figure 8. Output Noise Voltage vs.
Frequency.
Figure 9. Reference Voltage vs. Junction
Temperature.
Figure 10. Voltage Load Regulation vs.
Junction Temperature.
5/12
L200
Figure 11. Supply Voltage Rejection vs.
Frequency.
Figure 12. Dropout Voltage vs. Junction
Temperature.
Fi g ure 13 . Ou tpu t Imped ance vs.
Frequency.
Figure 14. Output Impedance vs. Output
Current.
Figure 15. Voltage Transient Reponse.
Figure 16. Load Transient Reponse.
6/12
L200
Figure 17. Load Transient Reponse
Figure 18. Current Limit Sense Voltage vs.
Junction Temperature.
APPLICATIONS CIRCUITS
Figure 19. - Programmable Voltage Regulator
Figure 20. - P.C. Board and Components Layout
of Figure 19.
Figure 21. - High Current Voltage Regulator with
Short Circuit Protection.
Figure 22. - Digitally Selected Regulator with
Inhibit.
7/12
L200
Figure 23. Programmable Voltage and Current Regulator.
Note: Connecting point A to a negative voltage (for example - 3V/10 mA) it is possible to extend the output voltage
range down to 0 V and obtain the current limiting down to this level (output short-circuit condition).
Figure 24. High Current Regulator with NPN
Pass Transistor.
8/12
Figure 25. High Current Tracking Regualtor.
L200
Figure 26. High Input and Output Voltage.
Figure 27. Constant Current Battery Charger.
The resistors R1 and R2 determine the final charging voltage and R SC the initial charging current. D1 prevents discharge of the battery throught the regulator.
The resistor RL limits the reverse currents through ther
regulator (which should be 100 mA max) when the battery is accidentally reverse connected. If RL is in series
with a bulb of 12 V/50 mA rating this will indicate incorrect connection.
Figure 28. 30 W Motor Speed Control.
Figure 29. Loww Turn on.
Figure 30. Light Controller.
9/12
L200
DIM.
A
C
D
D1
E
E1
F
F1
G
G1
H2
H3
L
L1
L2
L3
L4
L5
L6
L7
L9
M
M1
V4
MIN.
mm
TYP.
2.4
1.2
0.35
0.76
0.8
1
3.2
6.6
3.4
6.8
10.05
17.55
15.55
21.2
22.3
17.85
15.75
21.4
22.5
2.6
15.1
6
4.23
3.75
0.2
4.5
4
MAX.
4.8
1.37
2.8
1.35
0.55
1.19
1.05
1.4
3.6
7
10.4
10.4
18.15
15.95
21.6
22.7
1.29
3
15.8
6.6
MIN.
inch
TYP.
0.094
0.047
0.014
0.030
0.031
0.039
0.126
0.260
0.134
0.268
0.396
0.691
0.612
0.831
0.878
0.703
0.620
0.843
0.886
0.102
0.594
0.236
4.75 0.167
4.25 0.148
40˚ (typ.)
0.008
0.177
0.157
OUTLINE AND
MECHANICAL DATA
MAX.
0.189
0.054
0.110
0.053
0.022
0.047
0.041
0.055
0.142
0.276
0.409
0.409
0.715
0.628
0.850
0.894
0.051
0.118
0.622
0.260
0.187
0.167
Pentawatt V
L
L1
V3
V
V
E
L8
V
V1
V
M1
R
R
A
B
D
C
D1
L5
L2
R
M
V4
H2
L3
F
E
V4
H3 H1
G G1
Dia.
F
F1
L7
H2
V4
L6
L9
RESIN BETWEEN
LEADS
10/12
E1
L200
mm
DIM.
MIN.
TYP.
A
11.8
B (*)
1
inch
MAX.
MIN.
TYP.
MAX.
0.46
0.39
C
2.5
0.098
D
9.6
0.37
E
20
0.78
G
12.7
0.50
N
50 ° (typ.)
O
30 ° (typ.)
P
R
26.2
3.88
4.20
U
V
1.03
0.15
0.16
39.5
30.1
OUTLINE AND
MECHANICAL DATA
1.55
1.18
TO3 4-Leads
(*) Measured with Gauge
11/12
L200
Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of
use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted
by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specification mentioned in this publication are subject to
change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not
authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics.
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© 2000 STMicroelectronics – Printed in Italy – All Rights Reserved
STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES
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