::::l o



::::l c:: o co








An Independent Publication for

Users of HP Palmtop Computers



$7 .



HP Palmtop


Publisher's Message .


Letters to the Editor ...................................... 3

NEW: HP OmniGo 100, Personal

Organizer with PC Card Slot ........................ 4

HP's new Palmtop-sized personal organizer comes with built-in PIM applications and a user-friendly interface that lets you access your applications and data using pen or keyboard.

All Known PC Card Products of Interest to HP Palmtop Users ................ 50

This section lists PC card related hardware, software, books and services of interest to HP Palmtop users.

PCMCIA and the PC Card Standard ............ 6

Leam about the organization that sets standards for

PC Cards .

Fax/Modem, Flash Memory

Combination Cards Revisited .................... 11

EXP and Apex Data (formerly Smart Modular) offer

PC Cards with fax/modem and Rash memory built in .

The Motorola Personal Messenger

Wireless Modem Card ................................ 16

This PC Card slips into your HP fOOl200LX and lets you send and receive E-mailon the go.

Using a Cellular Phone and a FaxIModem PC Card ..

.............................. 20

Insert the A T& T Keep-In- Touch PC Card into your

Palmtop, connect Il to a cel/ular phone, and check your

E mail or surf the Net wherever you are.

HP StarLink: A One-Stop

Solution to Wireless Messaging ................ 23

HP's StarLink integrates a Motorola wireless receiv er, communications software and messaging options.

PC Card Ethernet Adapter .......................... 26

Slip this PC Card into your HP fOO I 200LX and carry your LAN terminal in your pocket, wherever you go .

PC Cards That Don't Exist ... Yetl ..


.......... 29

What can you expect to see in the near future?

According to this reviewer, the sky's the limit!





Using PC Cards in the HP Palmtop PC ..... 32

Adding a PC Card Drive to Your Desktop PC ................................... 39

Using PC Cards and

Drives with Windows 95 ............................ .42

15 PC Card Recommendat i ons .................

. 44

Consider these points before purchasing a PC Card, and your! be more satisfied with the outcome.

Maximize File Storage with File Compression ............................... 48

PC Card Glossary .............................................. 62

Product Index ..






........... 63

Advertiser's Index ...................






FreewarelShareware Index .......................


..... 64





The Only

Palmtop Upgrade

That Has It


To get the most from your HP 1001200LX palmtop, you need 3 advanced upgrades on 1 convenient PCMCIA card. First, you need to send and receive both faxes and data at an exceptional 14, 400 bps speed. Second, you need faxlmodem software that operates easily with the same HP function keys and commands you already use


without the hassle of downloading software and without consuming precious hard disk space.

Third, you need Flash memory for fast, easy access to all your software applications and for efficiently storing data


Plus you need to fax from and receive faxes into your Flash memory for extra convenience. And, most of all, you need the flexibility to use all your upgrade features together or independently, without inserting and removing separate fax/modem and memory cards. Now you can have it all with ThinFax 1414LXM



EXP's award-winning MiniFax™ software


High-speed fax/modem. 2 or 4 MB Flash memory


They're all built into the ThinFax 1414LXM card. That's why ThinFax 1414LXM is the upgrade that's a must for your HP palmtop


So call the toll-free number today for complete ThinFax 1414LXM specifications and the name of an EXP dealer near you


ClIll: 714-453-1020


Fllx: 714-453-1319




Cas e s for



s and Subnotebooks


Futura 10



Futura 20



Carry your cellulor phone in style on your belt or shoulder strap

·Dimenslons: 6.7

" x 2.75

" x 1.15


(11 x

1 x

4.4 ems)

When your hands need to be free .

. use this case on your belt or shoulder strop

-Dimensions: 7.5

" x 3 .

7 " x 1 .

4 "

(19 x

9.4 x

3.5 ems )

Futura 30



Protect your palmtop with this zippered case, and carry it in your suit pocket

-Dimensions : 6.5

" X 3.75

" X 1 .

25 " (16.5 X 9 .

5 X 3.2 ems)

Futura 50

Futura 55





This practical and small case is Ideal for your palmtop.

Futuro 50-Dimensions : 6.88

" X 4.25

" X


' (17 .

5 X 10 .

8 X 3.8 em.)

The FUTURA 55 is 1 ' ( 2.54 em. )Iongo, than the Futuro 50 and Is Ideal for earring the wireless paging receiver .

Futura 60



Protect your palmtop with this small and beautiful case

• Dimensions : 6 .

5 " X 3 .

75 " X 1.75


( 16.5 X 9.5 X 4 .

4 em .


• Regular


60 .


Futura 75



Designed to carry your palmtop with a pager or connectivity pack

Dimensions: 9.7S

· X 4 .

5 " X 1.75


(24.7 X 11.4 X 4 .

4 em .





Futura 90



Ideal as a traveling companion or hand bag . Has a pull·out strap and detachable shoulder strap . Holds :

Palmtop.omnl ,cellular phones . one pen and many things more .

Dimension s : 7 " x 4.5

· x 2 •


Futura 100

Ideal for traveling and meetings . Also fits electronic organizers and calculators.

-Dimensions : 8 " x 6 " x 2 " ( 20 .

3 x 15 .

2 x 5 .

1 cms)



Carry your HP Omnlbook , or your palmtop and a portable printer, or a cellular phone , or bidirectional modem.

~Dlmenslon s :


" x 7.25

" x 2.5

" ( 29.8 x 18.4 x 6.4 cms)


~Please s

$ 130 pecify HP Omnlbook or HP Palmtop so that we can add the correct (free) tray

Futuro 160

Futuro 165


$125 .




Slim and Elegant! Ideal to carry your

Omnibook 600 (Futura 160) or your

Omnlbook 4000 (Futura 165) to meetings or business trips. Designed to iii around the

Omnlbook like a Glove . Protect your

Investment and when you need to work, simply open the case and start !

. External pocket for documents and pens




: ?! or any other laptops In this exclusive case. Also carry your tiles and other

Important documents with you . External

91 power supply bag Is also included . See p l ctu,es . The preferred choice by many travelling executives!


Int'l :

Fax :

1·800·896·CASE (2273)



If you are not completely s atisfied, simply return It unused for a full refund of your purchase price




' 9




ublisher's Message

The HP Palmtop Paper

We hope you find our second annual PC

Card Review

issue a valuable resource. Basically, we tried to jam all we know about

PC (PCMCIA) Cards and the

Palmtops into this issue.

As many of you are aware, there are two classes of PC cards important to HP Palmtop owners: storage cards and I/O (input/ output) cards. With Flash or

SRAM storage cards, professionals can always have the data they need available, including large contact lists, price lists, custom databases and more. In addition, thousands of useful programs are

Hal Goldstein

available that work on the DOSbased HP Palmtop and can be stored using PC Cards. You'll find all you want to know about these storage cards in the "How to

Use" section of this issue


Read further and you'll find out about PC

Card drives for your Pc. Once you get one of these drives installed, you can throw the file transfer part of the connectivity pack away.

Just shuffle your storage card between your desktop PC and your HP

Palmtop to transfer files.

I/O cards, the second class of PC Cards, are discussed in detail in the "Reviews" section. These PC cards function within your Palmtop as a fax machine, modem, LAN connector, or wireless transmitter and receiver. Check out the "Reviews" section for a discussion of the many I/O card options for the HP Palmtop. This category has really grown since last year. At the end of the "Reviews" section you'll find some fun future possibilities for PC Cards.

For those who want to understand the foundation and future of

PCMCIA cards read the PCMCIA introduction by the president of the

PCMCIA committee. Also, check out the glossary page at the end of the issue.

For a complete up-to-date listing of the many PC Cards tha t work with the HP Palmtop check out the PC Card Products section.

Finally, on October 16 HP announced the HP O mniGo 100. We plan to devote a good portion of the next issue reviewing th is new

HP offering. In the meantime we thought we'd give you an in troduction to HP's new organizer and examine some of the issues conc erning the HP OmniGo and PC Cards.


Volume four / Bonus Issue #2

Executive EditorlPublisher

Hal Goldstein

Managing Editor

Ricfiard Hall

Associate Editor

Paul Merrill

Department Editors

Mark Scardina

Contributing Writers

Stephen Harper

Harry Konstas

Arild Mellembakken

David Shier

Administrative Assistant

Colleen Rodibaugh


Brian 1."eitzman


Diane Wimett

Tiffany Lisk


Sharon Ash

Sharon Dilmore

Tom Gibson

Executive Advisor

Rita Goldstein

The HP Palmtop Paper (ISSN 10656189) is published by Thaddeus Computing Inc., at 57

East Broadway Avenue, Fairfield, IA 52556.

Second-class postage paid at Fairfield, Iowa.

Subscription rates payable in U.s. dollars, checks drawn on a U.S. bank, or by credit card

one year: $39; two years: $69. Postage: U.S. and U.S. possessions free; Canada, Mexico add $6 per year; other countries add $18 per year. Published bi-monthly plus two bonus issues, one in April and one in November.

Please allow four to six weeks for receipt of first issue . Executive, Editorial, Circulation,

Marketing and Advertising Offices: P.O. Box

869, Fairfield, IA 52556. Telephone: (515) 472-

6330 , FAX: (515) 472-1879 . Copyright 1995,

Thaddeus Computing, Inc., all rights reserved.

No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission. Reasonable efforts are made to provide accurate and useful information, but the reader must make his or her own investigations and decisions; the

Publisher and Editorial Staff cannot assume any responsibility or liability for the use of information contained herein.

POSTMASTER : Please send any address changes to The HP Palmtop Paper, Attn:

Thaddeus Computing, Inc., P.O. Box 869,

Fairfield, IA 52556.


[A list of vendors of


Cards and related products can be

found in the Third Party

Products section of this issue on pages 50-61.]

Are Flash cards waterproof?

r am the proud owner of an

HP 200LX (with a 20MB

Flash card) and am loath to go anywhere without it.

However, for the sake of family harmony, I leave it behind when going out with my wife. When I do this, I always backup important files on the Flash card and carry the card with me!

A few weeks ago, after a fun, but long party, I got home, undressed and collapsed into bed. When I woke up the next morning, to my horror I found that my wife had already washed and tumble dried my shirt with the Flash card still in the pocket!

Fortunately, not a single byte of data was lost in the episode. I guess this means that Flash cards are waterproof (either that or I was just very lucky). However, I wouldn't recommend that anyone try and prove me wrong.

Jeff Miller

Internet ID: [email protected]

Don't "Hot Swap" Flash cards on the

HP Palmtop

"Hot swapping" or "Hot insertion" refers to inserting or removing a PC Card from your Palmtop while the

Palmtop is still turned on.

Both the 100LX and 200LX


manuals have definite instructions to power off when swapping cards

(page 1-6 in the 100LX manual, and page 1-7 in the 200LX manual). The risk is that you will corrupt the card.

Fred Kaufman







could not find any-

thing in the HP 95LX User's

Guide saying specifically not to do a hot swap,


would err on the side of safety with the 95LX

as well - Paul.]

Stacker on a Flash card can slow up the

DataBase application

You can store the data file for the DataBase application on the C drive or a PC memory card in the A drive.

There are two basic types of memory cards: Flash cards and SRAM. (The differences between the two are described beginning on page

35 of this issue.)

Writing to a Flash card

(i.e., saving a file on it) is slower than writing to an

SRAM card somewhere between only slightly slower to conSiderably slower. The difference depends on the brand of Flash card and the

Flash technology used in the card. Older Flash cards write slower than the new ones.

The write speed of the

Flash cards can be slowed down even further by having Stacker on the card. This popular file compression program can more than double the capacity of a card.

A Flash card normally

"reads" about as fast as an

SRAM card. For example, searching for text using the

F4 (Find) takes about the same amount of time if the data file is on a SRAM or

Flash card. However, if the

Flash card uses the Stacker file compression program, the F4 search takes longer.

Stacker is actually a program that compresses files whenever you save them and decompresses them whenever you open them in an application.

The process of compressing and decompressing uses a computer's CPU and takes some time. On fast computers, like a 100MHz 486 desktop Pc, this process is so fast you may not notice it at all.

However, the CPU on the

HP Palmtop is much slower, and so is Stacker.

The bottom line is that writing or saving a file to a

Flash card with Stacker is slower than to one without the file compression program. This slowdown is particularly noticeable with the database applications on the

HP 100/200LX (Appointment

Book, NoteTaker, PhoneBook,

DataBase and WorldTime).

The reason for this slowdown may be that the database applications write changes to, and access data from, their data files more frequently than other applications.

Stan Dobrow s ki




Use your Palmtop's

PC Card modem on your desktop PC

ComLink ij is a handy Freeware utility that lets a desktop without a PC Card slot, access the modem card inside your Palmtop. The desktop uses the Palmtop's

PC Card modem to establish a remote connection and you send/receive messages using your desktop. The desktop and the Palmtop are connected via a serial cable.

Je s per



CompuServe ID:


What are the best

Palmtop batteries if you use a Flash card?

The San Disk Flash RAM cards and the IBM Micro-

Electronics DoubleFlash+ cards are slightly different animals. The IBM card draws more juice when you read from and write to it.

According to feedback I've gotten, some alkaline batteries won't handle this current spike and dip below operation thresholds . Most of the feedback on problems relates to DuraCell batteries.

Rechargeable batteries handle these peaking current draws better than alkalines .

Lithium batteries also handle these surges well.

I have never had any problem using alkalines and lithiums in my Palmtop with a San Disk card, and

I've been using them for a very long time. r buy lithiums at Walgreens for US$ 4.00 per pair, but I can get a 16 pack of

EveReady alkalines for $7.00 at a local discount store. You can't economically justify lithium batteries. But they are less hassle because you don't need to change them so often. In addition, lithiums have a long shelf life.

Many people use lithiums as a backup pair in their travel kits, and use another type for normal use.

Ron Vieceli


ID : [72257,714]

Pricing and contact information,

See Third Party Products, beginning on page 50 and Product Index, page 63

SharewarelFreeware index, page 64



The HP OlllniGo 100 -

HP's New Pen-Based

Organizer with Keyboard and PC Card Slot

The new HP OmniGo 100 personal organizer


. d

I '

comes with built-in appointment book, phone book,

. h database and world time applications . Access

T 1S Pa mtop-s1ze persona organ1zer comes W1t

applications and data using pen or keyboard .

built-in appointment book, phone book, database and world time applications similar to the








OmniGo 100 sports a user friendly

Geoworks-based interface and Grafitti handwriting

hands-on review of the

recognition system that lets you access your applications and data using pen or keyboard.

HP OmniGo in the next issue!


Hal Goldstein

On October 16, 1995 HP announced the HP OmniGo 100, a Geoworksbased pen and keyboard organizer with PC Card slot. HP considers the HP OmniGo the first product in its organizer family, separate from its "PC Companion" line which includes the HP 200LX . The majority of HP 200LX users will probably want to stay with their Palmtop even though the HP OmniGo 100 has a number of unique and innovative features .

The HP OmniGo has an estimated U.S

. street price of $350 and will begin appearing in stores around November I, 1995. The HP

OmniGo comes with built-in PIM applications (phone, database , appointment book, and world time) and HP Calc . These applications are similar to, but simpler than their HP 100LXj200LX counterparts. The HP OmniGo 100 has an HP 12C business calculator emulator and its own spreadsheet



1995 program. The OmniGo does not run DOS or 1-2-3 . A version of

Pocket Quicken will be given away free for early HP OmniGo purchasers and will eventually become available for separate purchase .

The HP OmniGo 100's uniquely folding case makes it useful as both a pen and a keyboard machine . Fold the case one way and access the user friendly pen interface. You can add drawings to notes fields, and write in data using the built-in Graffiti handwriting recognition software . Fold the case the other way and access a

QWERTY keyboard slightly bigger than the HP 200LX's.

Issues concerning PC Cards

Although the HP OmniGo has a PC

Card slot, we understand that it has some important limitations.

First, the HP OmniGo 100 can use only SRAM cards, not Flash cards .

Second, most of the OmniGo's built-in software, including the database applications, must store its data file on, and access it from, the built in memory. Backups of these files can be kept on the

SRAM card, but the data files must be on the built-in memory before they can be written to and read from. Finally, the HP OmniGo has some problems reading SRAM cards that have been used in other

PC Card devices, including some

PC Card drives and the HP


More information about the

HP OmniGo is available on

CompuServe (GO HPHAND) and in the U.S

. by calling 800-443 1254.

Please do not contact us for more information as we don't have the staff to answer your questions. Our next issue, Vol 4, No 6, will contain full coverage and hands-on reviews of this new HP handheld offering.

Thaddeus Computing will be pro-



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - --- - - - - - - -

SkyTel and HP offer two-way Palmtop messaging

According to the October 2, 1995 issue of PC


SkyTel Corporation and HP have agreed to jointly develop and market two-way paging and wireless messaging solutions for HP Palmtop users. The two companies will jointly market the

SkyTel Palmtop Messenger kit. This kit will enable Palmtop users to send and receive messages on their Palmtops. The kit will consist of hardware and software needed to allow 100/200LX users to connect to the SkyTel two-way network.

SkyTel Corporation is based in Washington,


It's phone is 202-408-7444. dueing a separate magazine, HP

OmniGo World, dedicated to the

Geoworks-based OmniGo family of organizers. The first issue will be published beginning the first quarter, 1996.



PCMCIA Floppy Drive

No less indispensable than your HP 100 1 200LX

Compact Flash Association formed

to promote smaller PC Cards

Eleven major computing, imaging, communications and consumer electronics companies, including Hewlett-Packard, Apple Computer, SanDisk (formerly

SunDisk), and others have formed the CompactFlash Association (CFA), an organization that will promote the adoption of the CompactFlash storage specification as a new storage standard.

CompactFlash storage cards were introduced by SanDisk in October of

1994. They are about one-fourth the size of a standard Type II PC Card (about the size of a matchbook). The cards are fully ATA and IDE disk drive compatible. So far, these "CF cartridges" are available in 2, 4, 10, and 15MB capacities, which can be effectively doubled using file compression technology.

Volume pricing to third-party developers starts at $60 for a 2MB card and ranges up to $190 for a 10MB card (price for 15MB card not yet available).

The CompactFlash storage mini-cards can be plugged into a Type

II adapter card to work with existing HP Palmtops. CFA expects the CF technology to encourage the development of mass market products such as digital cameras, cellular phones, audio recorders, advanced paging devices and handheld computers like the HP Palmtop.

Unparalleled performance from the Travel

Floppy '" makes file transfer and archiving both simple and inexpensive.

• Includes 3 .

5" 1.44 Mb floppy drive

• PCMCIA Type II compatible

• Small and portable - take or use it anywhere

• Versatile - plugs into the PCMCIA slot of a variety of subnotebook, notebook and other portable DOS-based systems, including the HP


• Uses the convenient, economical, universally accepted floppy diskette







~-..,., e H N 0 L O G I E 5 I N


- 1



231 Charcot Avenue, San Jose, CA 95131

TEL: (408) 433-1980 FAX: (408) 433-1716

SanDisk introduces

85MB Type II Flash Card

SanDisk Corporation (formerly SunDisk) has introduced an 85MB Type


Flash storage card that effectively doubles the amount of flash memory you can add to your HP Palmtop. With file compression technology, the card can add up to 170MB of storage to the HP 100/200LX, or another computer equipped with a PC Card slot.

This Type II Flash storage PC Card is based on advanced 32 Mbit Flash technology and supports both 3.3 and 5 volt systems. The HP Palmtop and most other portable computers support 5 volt cards, while many consumer electronics products such as PDAs, organizers, cellular phones and pagers will operate with low power 3.3 volts to extend battery life on those units. The variable voltage of the card will allow users to move data between 5 volt and

3.3 volt systems.

Volume shipments of the 85MB cards have already begun. Volume pricing to third-party manufacturers is $1,495. For more information, contact

SanDisk at 408-562-0500 (U.S



CARD BASIC has essential tools for rapid development of PC


ARD APPS. Now includes connectivity tools.

TEL. ORDERS (415) 747-0811

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MICROGRAM S YST E MS ( 415)747-0811







and the


Card Standard

The president and chairman of the board of PCMCIA talks about the organization that helps coordinate the efforts of many different


Card developers by setting standards for


Cards. If you've ever wondered about the organization, the


Card standards it sets, and how


affects you, read on!

By Stephen Harper

[Editor's note: Much of this arti




taken from PCMCIA copyrighted white papers which are used by permission of PCMCIA.


Every HP Palmtop comes with a PC

Card slot built into it. This handy slot lets users add extra memory to their Palmtop. In addition, the PC

Card slot makes it possible to add a high-speed data/fax modem, LAN adapter, wireless receiver, and much more. One of the more practical benefits of the PC Card slot is that it lets Palmtop users easily swap documents, worksheets, and other files between the Palmtop and a desktop PC outfitted with a PC

Card drive.

PC Card technology is not a trivial accomplishment. New and unique hardware and software had to be developed. In addition, the efforts of many different developers had to be coordinated. This was necessary to insure that PC Cards, card drives, and related hardware from different developers were compatible. The organization primarily responsible for this accomplishment is the

Personal Computer Memory Card

International Association (PCMCIA).

The PC Card Standards

PCMCIA is the non-profit 500+ member international association that sets the standards for PC Card technology and promotes the worldwide adoption of PC Cardbased products


(HP is a founding member of PCMCIA.)

The first standard (PCMCIA

1.0) was released in 1990 and defined the physical and electrical characteristics of a credit-card-sized disk to be used as a data storage device. Subsequent releases up through PCMCIA 2.1 and the new

"PC Card Standard" broadened the specifications, allowing for the development of "mass storage" devices (Flash cards), "Input/

Output" devices (Modems, LAN cards and the like) and more.

PCMCIA standards make it possible for companies to develop a single product for a variety of computers. This keeps retail prices down for the consumer and increases the market and profitability for the developer.

The new

"PC Card Standard"

The newest version of the standard is referred to as the "PC Card

Standard." This newest standard will add new functionality to PC

Cards and devices developed under it.

The name "PC Card Standard" is a change from previous versions, referred to as "PCMCIA 1.0,"


Stephen Harper is the Chairman of the Board of Directors and

President of PCMCIA, and is currently serving his fourth consecutive term on the PCMCIA Board of Directors. He is also Vice President of

Business Development for SystemSoft Corp., an industry leading supplier of system-level software products-BIOS, power management, and PC Card technology for desktop and mobile computing.


Harper has been in the computer industry for twenty-two years and the personal computer industry for sixteen years in a variety of engineering, engineering management, and marketing roles. Mr.

Harper graduated

cum laude

from Yale University in 1973 with a B.A. degree in Mathematics and Computer Science.


"PCMCIA 2.0," etc. The term "PC

Card" is also used to refer to products developed from the Standard.

This name change becomes even more appropriate considering the fact that this new release integrates the previous standards from both PCMCIA and its Japanese equivelant, JEIDA (Japan Electronic

Industry Development Association). This common Standard is now available to both organizations, enhancing compatibility between products developed in

Japan and the U.S.

The current HP Paltmops were developed under previous releases of the Standard. It's hard to predict which features from the new PC

Card Standard will be incorporated into future Palmtops. However, the new PC Card Standard has a number of enhancements and new features that both advance compatibility among PC Card products and expand the scope and breadth of the applicability of the PC Card technology.

These include the following:

Low Voltage Support (3.3V) -

HP Palmtop users are aware of the need to conserve system power.

Until the new PC Card Standard,

PC Cards and hosts had to be capable of operating at 5 volts


only to read the Card Information

Structure on a PC Card and to recognize that it could operate at a lower voltage. Now PC Cards and host systems can operate directly at

3.3 volts, saving vital power .

Prior to this feature a PCMCIA compatible Palmtop either had to boost its voltage to operate certain cards (a significant drain on the batteries) or required an AC adapter (an inconvenience at best).

Since operating at 3.3 volts all the time can significantly extend battery life and enable reasonable operation using alkaline batteries, this new feature of the PC Card

Standard is particularly important to the developers and users of future Palmtops and PDAs .

The new PC Card Standard also provides a standard way of operating with even lower voltage when the technology becomes available in the future.

Multiple Function PC Cards -

Multiple functions can now be placed on a single PC Card, as witnessed by modem/Flash memory cards developed for the HP

Palmtops. PCMCIA has made changes to its specifications to accommodate this new functionality so that developers have an easy and standard method of developing these cards.

This enhancement is particularly important because small devices such as Palmtops and

PDAs may have only one PC Card slot. This new feature of the PC

Card Standard effectively more than doubles the amount of functionality that the PC Card slot can provide since it allows up to eight functions per PC Card.

TheVerbatim company, which is now owned

I ~ ~~::r"::~~ ~ by Mitsubishi, has elected to exit the S-RAM

I ~ business. California Digital has purchased


Verbatim's remaining inventory of memory cards. These HP-compatible type-one cards are available in three memory capacities:

I :' '' = ~ ~ ~ ' ~ Nl U ~~~ ~~~ ~~~~~


512 $39



$ 69


Megabytes $169






Experiencing diffi c ulties touch t y ping on small hand held computer? So i s e veryone el s e . Fujit s u manufactur e d the P oqet , a hand held that you can a c tually tou c h t y ped on.

California Digital has purchased 1 , 000 unit, of the Poqet Cla ss i c . Thi s i s a n IBM com patible (8OC88) one pound palmtop e n g in e ered for the on th e g o profe ss i o nal. Conve niently stores in your briefcase or suit jacket. Ideal computer for word proce ss ing, spread s he e t application s , appointment organizer or any DOS based program where portability is essential.

The Poqet provides two slots for I PCMCIA m e mory cards. U s ers can s tore up to two megabyte s of data in each r e movable card. PCMCIA cards may be transferred to HP and other hand held computer s with date intact.

Computer displays full

80 column by

25 lines on a brilliant LCD s uper twist s creen. Keyboard 77 key QWERTY s t y le layout ha s alternative numeric-cluster num Iock feature . includes: MS/DOS 3.3 and OW Ba s i c. O ve r a ll s i ze 8.8" b y 4.3" by 1 .

0" .

Visit California Digital's Web Site·







Corporate· (310) 217-0500

17700 Figueroa Street

Gardena, California 90248

Order Toll Free· (800) 421-5041

8 AM to 5 PM Pacific Facsimile· (310) 217-1951

• Specialists in international shipments • Friendly and courteous service since 1973

• Purchase orders invited from educational and qualified organizations. Visa. Master Card

Palmtop Accessories

jor the 100


00 LX



Memory Cards

• 1MB SRAM .................................. $129

• 2MB SRAM .................................. $199

• 5MB Flash w / Stacker Card ........ $279

• 1 0 M B Flash w/Stacker Card ...... $425

• 20MB Flash w / Stacker Card ...... $ 7 95

• 130MB Hardrive Omnibook ...... $299

• 170MB Hardrive Omnibook ..


... $399

I/O Cards

• 14.4K Fax / Modem Card ............ $140

• Lan Combo T / 2 Card ................. $140

• Fax / Modem for LX ......


............ $149

IC Card Drives

• Internal Flash/HD Drive ..........

. $ 99

• External Printer Port Dri v e ...... $ 189

• External Serial Port Drive ........ $249

• Internal Dual ISA Driv e ............ $189

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Compatibility Enhancements and Expanded "Card

Information Structure" -

The Card Information Structure

(CIS) defines the card type, its power requirements, resource requirements for the host system using the card, and other important operating characteristics. Each PC

Card has its CIS built into it, thus it carries with it all the information needed for another device to use the card. When you plug in a PC

Card with a proper CIS, the host system can configure itself for the card and use the PC Card with no other information.

Because of the importance of the CIS to the proper operation of

PC Card technology, the new

Standard specifies guidelines for developers which provide additional assistance in the construction of the CIS. This will enhance the recognition and usability of cards by a variety of system software . For the end user this will mean improved compatibility between future PC

Card products.


Sound cards and other current applications make use of industry standard

DMA (direct memory access) capabilities to improve data transfer rates when moving large amounts of data. Previous versions of the Standard required DMA to be emulated in software . The new

PC Card Standard allows PC Cards to utilize DMA technology when matched with a corresponding host system. This can provide increased performance , thereby expanding and enhancing the number of PC

Card technology products .

This enhancement is of little immediate importance to existing

HP Palmtops . However, as components are miniaturized and voltage requirements are reduced, technological improvements like this can play an important role in the development of the first multimedia

Palmtops .

Power Management

There is a continuing PC industry effort to reduce power consump-





... the Missing


Use PIIlmtop files on your

Mllcintosb - lind vice versll

Backup your palmtop on your Mac ...

Backup your entire Palmtop on your Mac - with just a click of a mouse! MacLinkPlu s will move all of your

Palmtop mes onto your Mac. The dire c tory structure will remain the same on the Mac as it was on the HP.

Don't retype all those names ...

MacLinkPlus can translate your phone book mes onto your HP. No need to retype all that infonnati o n! And you can translate your HP Phonebook names back into your Mac phone book as well.

No excuses for missed appointments ...

Appointment book alanns don ' t do and good if your not at your desk to hear them. Wid1 MacLinkPlus, you can convert your Mac appointment book mes (such as, Now Up to Date or DateBook Pro) into the HP

Appointment Book fonnat. Now your appointments -and your alanns -will be on the road with you where they belong.

Manage your notes ...

Take Memos from your Palmtop and convert them into Mac word processing documents ( such as, Microsoft

Word , ClairisWorks, etc.) Your fonnatting such as bold , underline, etc. will remain intact. You can also convert word processing files from your Mac into HP Memo fIles.

Don't leave your numbers behind ..

In addition to PIM and Memo translations, MacLinkPlus can also convert your Mac spreadsheets into Lotus 123 format on your HP. Formatting and formulas all remain intact. Once you ' ve made changes on your Palmtop, you can convert your fIle back into Mac fonnat!

Databases, too ...

Use your HP databases in FileMaker Pro, Microsoft Works database , and other Mac database programs. All of your data and its fonnatting, such as , date and time will be translated.

Everything's included!

Just connect the two computers wim me included s erial cable. MacLinkPlu s/ HP Palmtop will do me re s t l


HP 200LX



ell" for more informlltion:

(800) 733-0030



Corporate Drive·

Trumbull, CT 06611

Tel :

(203) 268-0030 Fax : (203) 268-43 4 5



NEWS & REVIEWS: PCMCIA tion for both environmental and battery conservation reasons. The new PC Card Standard now provides a means of interface to APM

(Advanced Power Management

-an industry standard protocol for reducing power consumption) though the PC Card Standard software interface.

This initial interface to the current industry standard software mechanism for power management, along with the new low voltage capabilities provides many power saving capabilities in devices incorporating the new PC

Card Standard.


Card Bus is a wide ranging addition to the PC Card Standard which will allow for future applications (e.g. full motion video, 100Mbps

Ethernet) that require higher performance PC Cards. The specifications for CardBus are now embedded within the various component specifications that make up the PC

Card Standard.

CardBus technology will make it possible for PC Cards and host computers using them to use

"32-bit bus mastering." This will allow PC Card devices to operate at higher speeds (up to 33 MHz).

This will allow video cards and other high-performance products to be developed based on PC Card technology.

How these changes will effect Palmtop users

Changes in the PC Card Standard make more features available to the developers of PC Card technology.

This will translate into new functionality for PC Card users. Low voltage and/or multiple function

PC Cards will significantly enhance the value of the "slots" in future

Palmtops and other PDAs that incorporate the new PC Card

Standard features.

In a more speculative vein, the advances in PC Card technology will allow the creation of a Palmtop that can be used for many different purposes, depending on the PC

Card being used. The user would

Your Palmtop Access to the World™

• Send Faxes and Postal Mail

• Send


Receive Electronic Mail

• Read the latest News


Stock Quotes

Now you can have the world of electronic communications in the palm of your hand with acCIS ™ and CompuServe ® . acCIS automatically uploads and downloads messages quickly. You can read and write messages off line, saving on connect charges and phone bills. acCIS is the only CompuServe access program that is designed specifically for your HP Palmtop computer. By using acCIS to join the HPHAND forum on CompuServe you can correspond directly with Palmtop experts and programmers from around the world and easily download software directly to your Palmtop. In addition to the Palmtop version, you receive a copy of acCIS for your desktop or laptop PC at no extra cost. r c


SHIER Systems & Software, Inc.

920 Hampshire Road, Suite A-29




Westlake Village, CA 91361

Phone: 805-371-9391


CIS: [74777,2477]



l ~ 1


THE HP PALMTOP PAPER PC CARD REVIEW 1995 invest in one standard interface (a future HP Palmtop, PDA, or whatever). PC Cards would provide a wide variety of functions, allowing the user to turn his or her Palmtop into a medical assistant, a data gathering device, and much more.

Expect ever growing functionality from Palmtops and PDAs as the PC Card Standard evolves.

PCMCIA Contact


Note that PCMCIA has moved as of July 1 ,

1995 . The new contact information for the organization is as follows:


2635 North First St. Suite 209

San Jose, CA 95134

Voice: 408-433-CARD (2273)

Fax: 408-433-9558

BBS: 408-433-2270

Stephen H. Harper

Chairman and President, PCMCIA

Vice President, SystemSoft Corp.

Voice: 408-988-6756 x32

Fax: 408-988-6758

E-Mail: [email protected]






Typing aid for the HP Palmtop

QUICK/LX learns the words you type most often, then suggests them after you type just a few characters. The suggestions are displayed in a box on the screen. You can ignore the suggestion and keep on typing, or accept it with the press of a single key, and QUICK/LX will finish the word. QUICK/LX can also be used to correct your most common typos! QUICK/LX works in programs under the System Manager and in text-mode DOS applications. QUICK/LX can even be used to enter

Macros that work in both the System Manager and DOS

(unlike the built-in System Macros.) QUICK/LX also comes with a DOS version for your desktop computer.

Thi s is an 9xaJllple of t.he use of QUICK/LX.

To accept. lh& 9Ugg9Slad word, press t.he "c ursor right" key. r~Y~:)( t.~~ ~~:,.~~r~~ l! o;o~a"fsiJ I ~ft:JcI the suggest.ion when

'Suggestion made by QUICK/LX


Example if

QUICK/LX: Only $39 plus shipping.

Also available from SHIER Systems


Software :

Custom cables to connect your HP Palmtop Computer to a wide variety of serial peripherals. Examples include:

Pocket modems, serial printers (including the Citizen PN60 and Pentax PocketJet.) Prices start at $35 - call for details.

Fax/Modem, Flash Memory

Combination Cards Revisited

EXP and Apex Data (formerly Smart Modular) offer


Cards with fax/modem and flash memory built into a single card. Which card is for you? There are some differences!


David Shier

[Special thanks to Daniel Legendre and other members of CompuServe's HP

HAND Forum for valuable feedback on these products.]

Late last year I reviewed the modem/memory cards from EXP

Computer and Apex Data (formerly Smart Modular) for

The HP

Palmtop Paper.

Since that time I, and others, have gained a year's worth of experience with these products. I'll share that experience with you here.

Initially, I evaluated these cards for two reasons: First, I was asked to evaluate and write a review of these cards for

The HP Palmtop Paper.

My second motivation was to select a card that my company (Shier

Systems) could bundle together with our CompuServe automation program: acCIS. At the time I wrote my original article, I hadn't made any decision regarding which card we would sell. However, when I was recently asked to update my article for this issue of

The PC Card


we had been selling the EXP cards with acCIS for more than eight months. Even though we chose to sell EXP, you will see, depending on your requirements, that the Apex Data card may better fit your specific needs.

What the two cards have in common

Incomming faxes and E-mail can take up a lot of storage space. A problem with earlier fax/modem only PC Cards is that they occuppied the only card slot on the

Palmtop. The C drive, with its limited storage space, was the only place you could store incoming and outgoing messages.

Both products provide fax/ modem capability and Flash memory on one card, eliminating the problem described above. For the

Palmtop to be able to access the

Flash memory on either card, device driver software must be loaded from the Palmtop's CON-

FIG.SYS file.

Both cards use Flash memory instead of SRAM. This eliminates the need for a backup battery to retain the stored information.

Finally, both cards now support file compression using Stacker, but neither card comes with Stacker built in. You must buy it separately and install it (see page 48 for more on installing Stacker on a PC Card).

This is about the extent of the similarities between the two cards.

As you will see below, they have much that distinguishes them.

The Speed versus battery life trade-off

The two cards seem to embody different user priority philosophies.

Apex Data seems to have placed battery life at the front of the list.

The Apex Data card draws much less power when on standby, and switches to standby mode quicker

(less than a second) than the EXP card. The Apex Data card battery drain is not significantly greater


David Shier is a former software engineer and marketing/sales director in the electronics industry. He is now president of Shier



Software, a company that develops and markets products and applications for the Palmtop computer market . David can be reached at: Phone:


Fax: 805-371-9454;

CompuServe 10: [75030,3374J.


1995 11

REVIEWS: Fax/Modem


Flash memory cards

than the drain caused by standard

Flash memory card. However, modem speed is sacrificed to achieve this impressively low power. While the Apex Data card advertises a fax transmission rate of 14400, the maximum fax receive speed is 9600 and the data rate for the modem is only 2400 bps. This makes the Apex Data card ideal for use as a standard memory card, with only occasional use as a modem.

In contrast, the EXP card offers a real speed of 14400 bps for sending and receiving faxes as well as for data transmission. This is about as fast as you can expect for the

Palmtop, since its slow processor would have trouble trying to keep up with 28,800 bps modems. The trade-off in the case of the EXP is battery life. The EXP card draws much more power than the Apex

Data card, even in standby mode.

And EXP's standby doesn't take affect for a minimum of 10 seconds after each power on, or use of the modem.

EXP recommends that you remove the card when not in use.

However, this somewhat defeats the advantage of having the memory built into the card. EXP may expect you to use the Flash memory part of the card only for communications and faxes, but if you don't need a bigger card, then why not use it for storing other files and programs? I mostly use the

Palmtop's built-in applications as well as acCIS for CompuServe and

LetterPerfect for word processing

(used to write this article.) I found that the 4MB file storage provided by the EXP card more than meets my needs for the Palmtop.

Therefore, I ignore the warnings about battery usage and simply have the EXP card in the slot all the time. While the EXP card has cut my battery life almost in half, the convenience and cost savings of having fax/modem and memory on one card overwhelms this disadvantage. I use high capacity rechargeable NiMH batteries in my

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Palmtop. Using the EXP card simply means that I must charge the batteries more often (about once every 3 days vs. once every 4-5 days without the card) .

Installing the EXP and Apex Data cards

As noted earlier, both cards require that device driver software be loaded on the Palmtop for it to be able to access the cards' read/write memory . Both provide an installation program on the card, which copies the device driver to your C drive and automatically edits the

CONFIG.SYS file to include the new driver.

Installing the EXP card

The EXP card provides its device driver and installation program on a "read-only" portion of the card

(which also contains the EXP

MiniFax software.) Installing, or reinstalling the EXP card is accomplished by running the install program, which is always present on the read only A drive on the card.

This "read only" A drive is actually Flash memory that is write-protected . EXP occasionally provides updates to the device driver and Fax software. The update comes with a special program that sidesteps this write protection and copies the updated software to this portion of the card's Flash memory. Don't worry when "Flash memory is being initialized" is displayed during the update. It is referring to the A drive portion of the Flash memory. The rest of the

Flash memory is accessed by going to the F drive and is unaffected by the update process.

The ability to reprogram the

EXP card turned out to be a very important feature early in its release due to numerous bug-fixes in the device driver software. Early releases of the EXP card came with



a device driver containing a bug which could cause files stored on the card to become corrupted when new files were added . Later versions corrected this problem. EXP provides copies of its drivers for downloading from their BBS system or from CompuServe.

Installing the

Apex Data card

Apex Data provides its device driver and installation software in an unusual way. Both the installation program and the device driver are on the card's Flash memory. When you first plug in the card, you are able to access the installation program from the Palmtop's A drive .

Run it and it automatically installs the device driver and modifies


SYS. Unfortunately, once you run the install program, it somehow deletes this part of the card. The A drive no longer appears in FILER and you no longer have access to the install program. I don't know why Apex

Data designed the installation program this way. Maybe they wanted to free up the space occupied by the installation program. In addition, Apex Data does not provide a backup installation disk. Backup your C drive after installing the

Apex Data card. Then if you have any problems, you can restore the backup and everything should be

OK .

If you didn't backup after installation and ever have to reinstall the card, you can get a copy of the installation program and device driver from the Apex Data BBS system (or from the Vendor Library in

CompuServe's HPHAND Forum).

Compatibility Problems

Both cards have proven to be highly compatible with the wide variety of software used on the Palmtops.

However, a few minor problems have been discovered.

The first problem I noted with both cards related to the use of the

PalmConnect software from Palm

Computing. PalmConnect is a

Windows-based alternative to th e

HP Connectivity pack. It assumes that the only availabl e drives on the Palmtop are the C and A drive s

(the D drive is read only, so there's no need to perform any backups of it.) This presents a problem when using the combinati o n cards . Palm

Computing suggests using the

ASSIGN command to redirect drive F to drive A. Problems hav e been reported when ASSIGN i s used together with Stacker and s ome other programs . For this reason, I don ' t recommend this solution. Instead, I use the DOS SUBST command, which is similar to

ASSIGN but doesn ' t have the compatibility problems. (SUBST can be found on DOS S.

x distribution disks.) Another problem with the

ASSIGN solution is th a t the EXP card expects to find the MiniFax software on drive A and won ' t run MiniFax if this drive i s re-assigned. If you copy the files from drive A to dri ve F, then you can use the Min i Fax software with the reassignment.

Another minor annoyance associated with both cards has to do with the FILER display. The

Palmtop is designed so that whenever you insert a memory card and start Filer, it automatically goes to split-screen mode and displays C drive files on the left and A drive files on the right. It knows that you probably want to see what's in both drives. Unfortunately, FILER doesn't know anything about the F drive (the Flash memory on both cards appears as the F drive). You have to split the screen and manually go to the F drive to view files.

Another way to solve this probl e m is to use the SUBST command to allow the F drive to be seen as the

A drive (SUBST A: E:).

Some other memory cards require device drivers to work with the Palmtop (e.g., the Maxtor or

ACE Double Flash cards). Having these device drivers, and the drivers for the EXP or Apex Data



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REVIEWS: Fax/Modem


Flash memory cards

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cards loaded at the same time can cause problems. One way around this is to create two sets of CON-

FIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files. One set of files would be for use with the Flashcard and the other set for use with the EXP or

Apex Data cards. So, for example, when you're ready to use the EXP fax/modem card, you copy the appropriate AUTOEXEC.BAT and

CONFIG .5YS files to the C: \ directory. Then you insert the EXP card and reboot the system. You could develop a System Macro or batch file to automate the process of copying the appropriate AUTOEX-

EC.BAT and CONFIG.5YS files to your C: \ directory.

The Apex Data card does not appear to be 100 % compatible with other modems. We discovered that acCIS can't change the communications mode of the card from 7 -bit to

8-bit while online. This presents a problem when using acCIS and the

Apex Data card to upload or download files on CompuServe.

Since CompuServe's default access p~rameters are 7-bit, even parity, thIS must be changed to 8-bit, no parity ,when sending or receiving files. Unfortunately, the method that acCIS uses to perform this change does not work in the Apex

Data card. The solution is to log onto CompuServe using 8-bit mode. Unfortunately, this causes the initial "User ID" prompt to be garbled and you must enter your

ID manually to get things started

(after that CompuServe knows your user settings and can proceed normally.) It has been reported that

Apex Data has fixed this problem on the latest 6MB cards, however, we have not confirmed if the bug is still present in the 2MB and 4MB cards.

The EXP card also presents a slight incompatibility with acCIS.

To access the EXP card's built-in

MiniFax software, you press


~. This "hot key" assignment is permanent, fixed in the ROM memory of the EXP card.

Unfortunately, this key combination is also used in acCIS . An acCIS user can press this key combination, intending to perform an acCIS function, and launch MiniFax instead. Fortunately acCIS provides alternate key-combinations for all menu functions. An acCIS user can press

IALTI-i!) instead of l!!:!l-~ to access the same function.

Finally, since both cards can require a large amount of power when the modem is online, using these cards can devour batteries .

To keep your battery costs down I recommend using rechargeable batteries on the Palmtop. If alkaline batteries must be used, be advised that certain brands perform better than others. I had problems with

Duracell alkalines. A little trial and error may be necessary to find the best for you. One last plug for rechargeable batteries it's better for the environment because you're not throwing away as many dead batteries.

Fax Software

Both cards come with fax software preloaded. Apex Data provides a copy of the DOS program BitFax.

BitFax has the look of a program written some time ago, and has not been optimized for the HP

Palmtop. For example, when viewing faxes, the default screen mode


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CIS: [76570,3455] is reverse video (white text on a dark background). This requires that you press

~-1Z1 to switch to the more readable black-text-onwhite-background view. It also appears that BitFax doesn't provide a "default" settings file. This forces you to cycle through every parameter setting each time you run the program.

The MiniFax software found on the EXP card is more suitable for Palmtop users. It is System

Manager compliant and has the same "look and feel" as the built-in a~p!ications on the Palmtop .

MlmFax also provides a log file of all faxes that you send or receive.

How I Use the Two Cards

I currently use both the EXP and the Apex Data combination cards.

Because of the slow speed of the

Apex Data card, I feel it's not as practical to use with an online service such as CompuServe.

However, I do find that its low power draw makes it ideal for

~pplications where the user's typmg speed prevents high throughput. An example of this type of application is the DOS-based credit card authorization program our company uses. This program calls an 800 number for authorizing credit card transactions, and oper-


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Palmtop at 2,400 baud as it does on my desktop PC at 9,600 (the fastest rate supported by the software.)

By using the Apex Data card on one of the Palmtops in the office, we are able to provide multiple people access to the program while still providing security for our customers credit card numbers.

I use the EXP card in my personal communications. I have a

4MB card, which stays in my

Palmtop all the time. I mostly use it for CompuServe access, but I have other applications on it as well. For example, I'm putting the final touches on this article using

LetterPerfect loaded on the F drive while sitting on a park bench on a beautiful sunny day.

I have a short EXP cable and an 8-foot phone cable (both available from my company) stored in my Palmtree leather case at all times. This provides me with a complete communications tool set in the same space that my Palmtop took before.


As I noted at the beginning of this article, my company now sells the

EXP cards. I made this decision based on the fact that it works faster with our acCIS software for accessing CompuServe. However, your choice depends on your needs.

If you need a little extra Flash memory storage and only occasionally need fax or data communications capabilities, then the low power usage of the Apex Data card makes it attractive. (The Apex Data card comes with 2, 4, or 6MB Flash memory. The EXP card comes with

2 or 4MB .

) Also, if you use communications applications which operate at slow speeds anyw ay

(such as the credit card authori za tion program discussed above), th e

Smart card is ideal.

Using Stac













m &






y C



I got 10MB on the 4MB EXP card us i ng

Stacker 4 .

0 and a ' trick' I learned from somebody at STAC Electronics . To set this up , you need a desktop PC with at least

4MB free uncompress disk space .

1 . Create a new Stac k ed drive of exactly

4 .

1 MB on your desktop PC .

2 . Transfer ali the files from the EXP F drive on the Palmtop to th i s recently created drive on the desktop .

3. Copy STACKER .

COM, SSWAP.COM and CONFIG.EXE from the desktop to the

C drive on the Palmtop .

4 .

- Remove any references to ASSIGN in your Palmtop ' s AUTOEXEC .

BAT file .

5. Using DOS ADRIB to unhide the file

STACVOL.OOO in your desktop .

6 .

Boot the Palmtop .

7 .

Transfer STACVOL .

OOO to the F drive .

8 .

Rename STACVOL .

OOO to

STACVOL.DSK on the Palmtop ' s F dr i ve .

9 . Log into C : \ on the Palmtop and type : config c : /a:f:stacvol.dsk

Answer yes to the prompt.

10 . Insert the following line in the CON-


SYS file : c:\stacker @f:\stacvol.dsk

Insert the following line in the AUTOEX -

EC .

BAT file : c:\stacker\sswap a: f:


You will have a 10MB EXP Card at 2 .

5 : 1 compress ratio . No problems so fa r ..


Francisco B ric io

CompuSeNe /0 :

[7 41 7 4,

144 2 J

On the other hand, if you need a fast fax/modem with easy-to-use software, the EXP card is the combination card of choice.

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products , pages 50 -61 and Produc t I n dex , page 63.

Shareware/Freeware index, page 6 4





Motorola Personal

Messenger Wireless Modem Card

This PC Card slips into your HP 100/200LX and lets you send and receive E-mail on the go, without having to connect up to a phone line!


Arild Mellembakken

The first two-way modem for an

HP Palmtop was the Ericsson

MobiModem for the HP 9SLX . I bought one.

It was a great way to stay in touch without needing a phone . Unfortunately, it was external to the Palmtop, and nearly doubled the total size and weight of the package .

What I really wanted was a super-portable wireless communication device that could send and receive messages whenever I wanted and wherever I was . Years went by before PC Card-based radio modems came about. Now there is a new release , the Motorola

Personal Messenger Wireless

Modem Card (P .

M . Card) .

It has gone a long way towards fulfilling my desires.

The P .

M . Card is a self-pow ered Type II PCMCIA card that lets you receive and send messages, exchange E-mail, connect to your office network and access some on-line services , without having to connect to a phone jack. (Access is available only to online services that can be sent over a packet data radio service you can ' t go online and surf the Net.) The P .

M . Card inserts into the PC Card slot of the

HP 100/200LX (and other note book and PDA card slots) and operates on a public access data network providing communications access and message delivery across most of the U.S.


T o : hl:' :

O .



Fr om :

Compl n y :

8 ub le ct :


RadloMal1 Wireless Fax Service

Messages thus received are

II s not where you arC,1t S wn3! you have to suy

- -

SEPI SI!t1i accessed by re-inserting the card into the Palmtop's PC Card slot and running the wireless access


Septerrber 15, 1995 ~t 06:3 9 AM POT

Mild Melle.mbakken c..·ia RAdioMail )


~rd / RiCMrd Hall


A.dlolotllll' .. S.rvtc:.ItotnR.d" ..... eo'po .. loO



1.005t7UAll F . . . . '.2H1.01 i ntoOrldlomd,nll software on the computer.

Currently the P .

M . Card operates on the ARDIS or RadioMail network. A P .

M . Card that works with the service "RAM" (distinguished from the RAM in your

Palmtop) is slated for sometime in the future. Both RAM and Radio-

Mail claim to cover over 90 % of the



, including Hawaii and the U.s

. islands in the Caribbean.

Cover page of fax sent via RadioMaii from the HP Palmtop using a P.M. Card .

The Motorola P.M. Card is self-powered, operating on a standard or rechargeable NiCd 9 volt battery . The P .

M . Card continues to receive and store messages even when it is not connected to your

Palmtop or other computer .

Setting up and using the P.M. Card

Setting up the P .

M . Card was simple. I installed the 9-voIt battery in the P.M

. Card and installed the

RadioMail software on my PHP almtop . The software for the

RadioMail and Ardis services comes on a PC Card, ready for both the HP 100LX and 200LX . To install


Arild Mellembakken is the CEO and president of Global

Connections, Inc., an HP dealer and vendor of Palmtop related products . He has a BSCE in environmental engineering and an

MBA. From

1985 to

1991 he worked at Hewlett-Packard, managing their PC Engineering and Handheld computer line in several

European countries. You can contact Arild at Global Connections:

Phone: 608 752-1537; Fax: 608-752-9548.

the software on the HP Paltmop, use the following instructions:

1. Copy all the RadioMail application files from the PC Card to the C drive on the Palmtop .

2 . Install the RadioMail application software as a System Manager compliant program in App-

Manager . The startup file for

RadioMail is PM200.BAT.

The documentation that carne with the RadioMail software was clear on every step of the process. (For additional information on adding applications to the HP Palmtop, see

"applications, adding" in the index of the

HP 100j200LX User's Guide .


The first test

After setting up the RadioMail software, I opened AppManager, went to the RadioMail icon and started the application. My first test was to check on how quickly messages were transmitted by the service . I

RadioMail's Compose screen displayed on an HP 200LX typed a test message to my friend

Mike Makely down in Illinois, and turned the P .

M. Card on . Three lights flickered, indicating that the

P.M. Card's self test was successful.

Shortly after that, the In-Range green light started to blink and the message "<MODEM NET>" was displayed . I was ready for my first message . To get an idea of how long it would take, I called Mike up over the regular phone and had him stand by with his lOOLX and a

MobiModem. Then from Radio-

Mail on my Palmtop I pushed iF


1 to send the message . I was in the middle of telling Mike that I was sending him a message when he yelled : "I got it!"

It took about seven seconds amazing!

Next I sent a fax from Radio-

Mail to my own fax machine. The only difference in sending a fax is that you send the message to a fax number instead of an Internet address as you do with E-mail. The

There's Never Been Palmtop Power Like This!

The Palmtop design allows you to use the built-in programs and

one small

DOS program . So you know

Software Carousel is the all-time best selling task-switching software for DOS how nice it is being able to switch among those programs with a flick of the key! But there's a catch! Too many times you run out of memory and have to close out programs

~efore you can start more .


are arouse

based PCs and we've adapted it for use on


OOlX or

200lX among all the programs you use with theclickofakey .

Palmtops! Switch

Each program can use as much of the DOS memory

~s it

And what If you have more than one needs . And Carousel lets you SWitch

DOS program you want to use. Another between them in a Flash . It's amazing!

Now Use Jill



Out of Memory to complel8 this operation . Selecl


Now there's Software Carousel and new freedom for Palmtop users.

~pncauon lose and pmss Snl8r

Here ' s a Screen You'll

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With over a million users, Carousel is a solid performer you can trust to work for you every day! It's all pre-configured for use with the

Software Carousel lets you set up a dozen

~ ======

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Carousel today. You'll save time every day them. Run the built-in programs in one-you


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REVIEWS: Personal Messanger card

fax came through clearly, with

RadioMail's logo on the cover page

(see graphic on page 16). I ended the test by sending a message to

RadioMail requesting all their available services. Thirty seconds later the reply came back.

A real testmy trip to Hawaii

N ex t came the field test a busin es s trip to Hawaii. On the way th e re we had a layover in Seattle.

Sitting in the airport lounge, I sent a fax back to my office and transmitted som e E-mail messages.

Everything worked smoothly.

I checked into the hotel in

Hawaii, and once in my room I caught myself glancing over at the phone to see if it had a useable data line. Old habits die hard! I no longer need a phone jack.

A flashing green light on the

P.M. Card indicated that I had three messages waiting. I started the RadioMail software on the

Palmtop and read the messages.

When I wanted to respond to a message I pressed ~

When I wanted to compose a new message I pressed ~. The

Response screen is displayed at the top of the previous page.

Creating a messages is as simple as filling in the blanks on the screen as follows:

To: Who you are sending the message to

Subject: The topic of the message

Ce: Carbon Copy (e.g. you sent a message to Bob and a copy of the message to Judy. Bob is notified that

Judy got a copy of the message.)

BCe: Blind Carbon Copy (you sent a message to Bob and a copy of the message to Judy. Bob is not notified that Judy got a copy of the message.)

Reply-To: Who the person receiving the message should send a response to

You type the message in the area below the "Reply-To:" section .

When the message is ready, press then disappears on the screen when the message is sent. If you want to verify the status of what you have done, press

~ see the Status dialog box. The

Status box shows whether the modem is connected to the network and whether you have any messages waiting to be sent or received .

The P.M. Card's pluses and minuses

The street price for the P.M. Card is

$700 (8K memory) to $850 (64K memory). Add on top of that an activation fee of $100 and a monthly message fee .

. messages) up to $130 (650 messages). As an added incentive

Motorola is giving a $100 factory rebate if you buy your P.M. Card before Christmas .

Another operating cost is batteries. I get 2-3 hours of use with each 9-volt battery. You can minimize battery expense by using rechargeable 9-volt batteries.

However, they must be recharged outside of the P.M. Card, in a separate battery charger.

You can also conserve battery power by leaving the P.M. Card turned off most of the time. Turn the card on periodically to send and receive messages, and then turn it off. Compose your responses and new messages with the card off . Two to three hours of battery time goes pretty fast if you don't take steps to conserve the batteries.

Other alternatives

A cellular phone/modem combination is another alternative to the

P.M. Card, but is probably at least as expensive, considering cellular

1 8


"roaming charges" are very expensive. The Palmtop/modem /phone combination is probably the least expensive alternative for E-mail communications, but it does have its drawbacks. For one thing, you have to go through the bother of physically connecting the Palmtop to a phone line. In addition, the cost of using a hotel phone can be more expensive than normal phone services. Probably the most important limitation is that you can't send and receive messages at any time only when you're connected to the phone line . This means that an urgent incoming message will have to wait till you check in to your hotel room and connect up to the phone . If none of this matters to you, the modem/phone solution is probably sufficient. If timeliness and ease of use are important, a wireless messaging system is worth looking into.

My experience is that

RadioMail (the service used with the P.M. Card) is more efficient, less cumbersome, and cheaper than other wireless alternatives . You receive an Internet address, so almost everyone with access to the

Net can send you E-mail and receive it from you. This includes people on CompuServe, America

Online, and other BBS services that interface with the Net. On top of this, you can subscribe to services like stock quotes, Headline News, etc. (Courtesy of my P.M. Card, I found out about Mike Tyson's last fight victory before it was even announced on CNN.)

All this communication power weighs in at less than a pound, making the P.M. Card / HP Palmtop combination my choice for the ideal portable communications station.

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50-61 and Product Index, page 63.


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R E -I





Wireless Communications

using a Cellular Phone and

a Fax/Modem PC Card

Insert the AT&T Keep-in-Touch


Card into your


Palmtop, connect it to a cellular phone, and check your E-mail or surf the Net wherever you are.

By James Cummiskey

[Editor's note: Because of the recent breakup of AT&T, it has decided to discontinue production of Keep-In-

Touch, the product reviewed below.

They will continue to support existing units and continue to sell Keep-In-

Touch until supplies run out. This means you might be able to find these cards at bargain prices. For more information, contact AT&T Direct at 800-

554-4996 . ]

My solution to wireless communications is the AT&T Keep-In-Touch

(KIT) modem card used in conjunction with a Motorola Ultra-Lite cellular phone and my HP 200LX and

HP OmniBook 425 . This PC Card modem is easy to set up and works fine in the HP 100/200LX and the

HP OmniBook computers .

The AT&T Keep-in-Touch (KIT)

Card (Model 3762) is a PCMCIA

Release 2 .

0, Type II PC Card fax/modem .

It is "firmware upgradable" (see "Keep-In-Touch is upgradeable" page 22), and comes with AT&T's proprietary cellular protocol called Enhanced Throughput

Cellular. ETC was designed to allow for higher throughput and more reliable connections on the cellular network. The protocol consists primarily of enhancements to both the V.42 protocol and V.32bis modulation .

The modem comes with a five year warranty and everything you need to get started to connect the modem to a land line. Keep-In-

Touch supports all popular cellular phones on the market, but requires a specific proprietary cable for each phone type. Because of this, Keep-

In-Touch does not come with the card-to-cellular phone connect cable. These cables are available from AT&T Direct at 800-554-4996, and cost a whopping $65.00 on top of the price of the modem .

The Keep-In-Touch modem itself can be found for sale in the neighborhood of $150 .

00-185.00 street pricing. The modem comes with the land line connector and

Quicklink Mobile Fax and Data communications software. With the direct connect cable for my specific phone, the entire package set me back about $200.

Using the modem/cellular phone combination with the HP Palmtop

I tested the modem with the HP

200LX and HP OmniBook 425 and it worked well with both. I have achieved data throughput rates of

14.4Kbps with an exceptionally strong cellular signal. However,

9,600bps is the best you can hope for in most situations. The modem detects improvement or deterioration in the signal and automatically switches to the most appropriate transmission rate. I occasionally experienced dropped cellular connections during transmissions.

However, I didn't experience these any more often than when I use the cellular phone for voice calls.

The one major drawback I found with this arrangement had to do with the limited battery life of the 200LX. The modem card


Major James c.

Cummiskey is a prior enlisted Marine with over 14 years commissioned service as an infantry officer. He is currently assigned as a student at the Naval Postgraduate School in

Monterey, California pursuing a Master's

Degree in Computer

Science. His current research involves the integration of mobile computers (including the HP 2000<) on the modern battlefield. You can contact

Jim via his Internet address: [email protected]




draws its power from the Palmtop, and this shortens the life of the batteries dramatically . You can connect the Palmtop to an AC adaptor to eliminate the battery drain problem. However, this requires that you connect up to an outlet, subverting the entire purpose of wireless communication. A pocket cellular-ready modem with its own battery might be worth considering for the Palmtop. Since I cart my

OmniBook 425 around with me most of the time, I could rely on it and its standard NiMH rechargeable battery for more extended wireless communications.

A program called

ClClOO, built into the HP 100LX and 200LX, is needed for the Palmtops to recognize a card modem. CIC100 is installed by default on the HP

200LX. You must modify the

AUTOEXEC.BAT file on your

100LX to enable this program (see

"Connecting to a Card Modem" in the index of your

HP 100j200LX

User's Guide for more on this.)

Connecting everything up is very simple and straightforward.

The modem card slips into the

Palmtop or OmniBook's PC Card slot, and connects to the cellular phone via a single "direct connect" cable. You have to use Datacomm or a communications program like acCIS to dial out . As you do, you can see the numbers being sent to the phone on the cellular phone's

LCD display. All of this happens without ANY special setup strings or configuration settings. I've also used Keep-In-Touch with the

Telecoupler II acoustic coupler when I have access to a pay phone

(and want to save the cost of the cellular air time) - no problems!

Overcoming weak signal conditions

I've found the modem generally reliable, but occasionally have reception/ transmission problems in underground restaurants and shielded locations. A little background information on this problem is helpful.

Data has been successfully transmitted over cellular networks for years. However, signal strength and other issues have presented special problems to mobile data users. To address these issues, modem manufacturers have developed special protocols (such as the

AT&T ETC protocol mentioned earlier) to maintain reliable high speed connections in the cellular environment. Unfortunately, these protocols are only efficient if the modems on both sides of a transmission have the protocol available . This is seldom the case with existing landline modems.

Most cellular service providers offer a solution in the form of special "data access services." By dialing a special code prior to initiating communication, the cellular service provider automatically translates the enhanced cellular modem protocol on the wireless side to the standard, non-cellular modem protocols on the land line side. The

Beat the high cost of cellular phone time

The high cost of cellular phone air time scares away most people from pursuing a wireless data communictions capability .

Forty cents a minute for calling a local

Intemet service provider does not exactly encourage leisurely surfing of the Web. For some, money is no object. However, for most of us, the cost of cellular phone time is!

What many people do not realize is that most cellular service providers have special "unlimited" weekend and evening calling plans for only a nominal additional monthly charge. With this, I can use my wireless solution for as long as I want with none of those "killer" phone bills coming in at the end of the month .

This approach necessitates that I constrain my calls to weekends and evenings, and these are the times I am most likely to be in a situation that requires mobile communications. result is reliable and efficient data transmission without having to








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REVIEWS: Fax/modem


cellular phone

upgrade all the land line modems in the world.

On my service, GTE MobilNet, this is accomplished by sending a

"*DAT A" to the provider before making the call. The service responds with a few beeps to let you know you are in the digital data transmission mode. When you want to switch back to regular analog calls, you need to send

"*YOICE" to reset this option. My service provider charges a fixed surcharge of $2.00 a month to access this capability. Although I initially didn't see any great improvements in throughput while using this feature (*YOICE calls seemed to work fine for data communication as wel1), my opinion changed dramatically when I began making data calls under marginal signal connections . A regular *YOICE call would simply not connect under poor signal conditions . However, the *DATA call went through fine.

Proper sequence important

I also learned that the sequence of initiating data communication is critical. This refers to the order you power up and plug in the Palmtop, modem card, and cellular phone.

What worked best for me was to turn the computer off; plug the PC card modem into the slot; reboot the computer; connect the direct connect cable to a TURNED-OFF cellular phone; and turn the cell phone on.

Plugging the cellular phone in while it is turned on caused problems on my setup. My Motorola cellular phone has a "Yibraphone" option that causes the phone to vibrate briefly instead of ringing and disturbing a meeting or whatever. Plugging the cellular phone in while it was turned on sometimes caused the phone to lock up in a continuous vibration modem.

Keep-In-Touch software is upgradeable

Like many hardware devices, PC

Card modems use software pro-

The PL·PTH is a palmt0l' carrying system designed to allow 100% mobility to keep your information s8fely, securely, and at your fingertips.

• The Main Compartment is designed to hold most palmtop brands. It can also hold most cellular phone s , waIkmans, and item s of similar scale.

• The Secondary Compartment is piggy backed to the Main Compartment to hous e beepe rs, flashcard s , baneri es, bu s iness cards , etc.

• The front s of the PL-PTH is made of 100 % fine leather .

Avoid dropping or losing a valuable business tool. This unique hands-free design will integrate your palmtop to your active lifestyle: you'D input more data because you'D carry it more often .

FOR EXECUTIVE OR CASUAL USE • NEW HOLSTERS AVAILABLE SOON grams called "drivers" to interface with the equipment to which they are connected. Keep-In-Touch has these drivers built into the card . In addition, you can upgrade these drivers as newer, improved versions are developed. You can get the latest driver software for the particular cellular phone you use by calling the AT&T Para dyne BBS at 813-532-5254.

There is a problem with this upgrade process. The Keep-In-

Touch firmware upgrade program checks to see if there is a KIT modem inserted in a PC Card slot prior to installing the upgrade.

Unfortunately, the upgrade program is written to expect that the computer you are using supports what the PC Card industry calls the standard "Card Socket

Services." Neither the HP Palmtop or the HP OmniBook support this standard completely. This means that you cannot accomplish the upgrade process from a Palmtop or


Liberator-Palmtop Holster

OmniBook. I had to upgrade my modem's firmware with another machine

(I used a Compaq Aero).

Once I had the card upgraded, everything worked without a hitch on both HP machines.

The AT&T Keep-In-Touch PC

Card Modem lets you tap into the exciting world of truly wireless telecommunications . It doesn't matter whether I'm eating lunch in a restaurant; out on a sailboat in

Monterey Harbor; or on the shoulder of the highway in my automobile.

Keep-In-Touch lets me surf the Net; check my Compuserve and AOL messages; and access local BBS's regardless of where I happen to be.

This modem card/ cellular phone combination gets the job done! I recommend it highly.

PriCing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50-61 and Product Index, page 63,


,,~\ h

' t:. ( ;

=- \ \

'. '-.


-..., .




~: ~/ ~


Star Link:


One-Stop Solution to Wireless Messaging

HP's StarLink service integrates a Motorola


Card wireless receiver, pre-installed


StarLink software and messaging/news options, to provide an integrated solution to wireless messaging



Hal Goldstein and Mark Scardina

HP 100 LX w i th HP S t a rLink w i reles s me so sagi n g c a rd in P C C ar d s lo t.

Hewlett-Packard's StarLink wireless service provides the hardware, software , and messaging services needed to turn your HP 100/200LX into a wireless message receiver .

With one phone call (1-800-917 -

LINK), the user can sign up for the messaging options of his or her choice and have the necessary hard ware and software in hand within two business days . (See the

PC Card products section, pages

50-61 , for more on StarLink.)

Representing a partnership of many companies, HP StarLink consists of an HP 100LX and the Moto rola PC Card N ewsCard with its protruding pod (see photo above) .

HP Star Link uses the services of

The National Dispatch Center out of San Diego, who in turn accesses paging services from PageNet.

Starllnk includes a PCMCIA wireless receiver and messaging service

The package includes a PCMCIA

Type II-compatible Motorola

NewsCard receiver with preinstalled HP StarLink software. The cards AAA alkaline battery pro vides approximately 21 days of battery life and the card warns you when the battery is low . The

Star Link card slips into the

Palmtop'S PC Card slot, but can receive messages while it is out of the Palmtop and has 128K of onboard RAM memory for storage of incoming files.

Once connected to HP

StarLink, the subscriber can receive messages via the NewsCard receiver. Messages can be sent by anyone through one toll-free number .

Central message control in the


. is provided by The National

Dispatch Center, Inc .

, (NDC), a wireless communications gateway and premier provider of message dispatch . NDC receives and processes StarLink messages 24 hours a day, 365 days a year , transmitting messages wirelessly to the

HP 100/200LX . In addition to transmitting simple text messages , operators c an be instructed to automatically update customers' appointment calendars and To-do lists . The subscriber provides a security code to enable colleagues to make these Apointment Book updates .

Currently , the wireless carrier s for the StarLink service cover mor e than 90 % of the U.s

. population , with some international coverag e early in 1996 .

You can set StarLink to announce different types of messages in different ways, including short and long beeps, and excerpts from classical music. A total of 15 sounds are available with StarLink inserted in the 100 /200LX and 10 sounds for the card alone . You can adjust the volume to three different preset levels when using StarLink with the 100/200LX .

When messages are received, they are displayed on an index screen. Highlight the desired mes sage and press


to see th e text displayed . The text cannot b e edited directly, but it can be high lighted, copied and past ed into any built-in application .

User feedback

In our tests, reception was mostly error-free, although we did get some transmission errors in some


REVIEWS: HP StarLink messaging system

office buildings . Fortunately,

StarLink checks incoming messages and flags messages with errors . Most of the time it's pretty easy to figure out the missing or misspelled text, but if you can't, you can call StarLink's toll-free 800 number to have the operator read the message back to you over the phone. Users report mixed results.

Some are very satisfied with the product . Others report intermittent reception difficulties.

Other Starlink Options

Initially, Star Link provided news, sports, weather, and other information services, as well as transmitting voice and data messages.

NewsLink will provide Star-

Link users with the latest headline news, Wall Street financial information, sports news, national weather reports and entertainment news .

Stock Link is an optional service that provides up-to theminute stock quotes and news .

There are four financial alert services to choose from, depending on your market interest. For example, a user can request real-time stock quotes or COMTEX buy/sell recommendations . (See PC Card

Products section, pages 50-61 , for more on StarLink options.)

The StarLink Newscard lets you install its software on the C drive, or use it directly from the

Newscard in the A drive . However, all incoming messages are stored on the C drive . (They can be marked and printed to a file on a card or a printer.) The installation to

C drive requires


of disk space .

Other PCMCIA wireless receivers

Other wireless services and receivers are available for the HP

Palmtop .

The Motorola Personal Mes senger Wireless Modem card is reviewed on page 16 of this issue.

It provides two way messaging via the RadioMail or Ardis wireless messaging services.

The RAM Mobile Data service provides a wireless connection between a customer's LAN-based network and the RAM wireless data network, allowing communication to an HP 100/200LX with an

Intel wireless modem.

MobileMedia Communications provides paging services nationwide and offers 100/200LX users

MobileMate, a wireless messaging card with integrated antenna that runs off of two button-type batteries. MobileMate inserts flush with the case (i.e

. there is no bulb on the end like with the HP StarLink) .

Please see page 50-61 for more information on these PCMCIA wireless cards and services.

Smart Modular ' s FFM (Fax Modem and Memory) Card com· bines a 9600/4800Kbps send receive fax/modem wilh flash memory for data storage and a fax program . Low power of

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Run Windows versions of PhoneBook ,

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F1031B HP Connectivity Pack • 99.00 acCIS software provides a CompuServe interface for the HP

Palmtop . Send and receive faxes, postal mail and e-mail. acCIS allows you to read & write messages off line to save time and connect charges . You can also read the latest news and stock

Quotes , download software directly to your palmtop and much more. Purchase acCIS software wilh any EXP ThinFax LXM card and we will pre-load acCIS on the EXP card at no extra charge!

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everything you need for mobile computing

13700 AHon Pkwy #154-281, Irvine, CA 92718

Tel: 714 753-8810, Fax : 714-753-8812

Internet Address: [email protected]

Compuserve Address: 73430,1336

-Free Order Line:


Payment a c cepled by MC , VISA , AE , D i scover, COO Cash and

Bank W i re Transfer . G ov ernmenl , Educat i ona l and Corporat e

Purchase Orde rs accepled.lnlerna~onal orders , call 714-753·8810 or fax 714-753 8812 .

~'s simple yet functional. The " POUCH " i s a rugged neoprene carry case for your HP Palmtop computer . Shaped like a pocket , the POUCH will protect your Palmtop from bumps , dirt and moisture . ~'s cheap too! Versions of the POUCH are a lso available for

Pagers , Cell Phones , Radios , HP OmniBook , and even PCMICA cards .


951100 / 200LX

s 19.98

Notebook Suppty carries a wide variety of standard Flash, ATA

Flash and SRAM memory cards for your HP Palmtop. The following ATA style Flash cards come wilh size doubling software included :





(anywhere in continental USA)




Can Reach You There?

Equip your mobile office with wireless communications.

RadioMail ® your HP Palmtop PC into a versatile two-way wireless communicator .


Now you can 'have the communications power you need to stay in control-everywhere you go.

Send and receive wireless e-mail nationwide.

RadioMail service messages through all Internet-connected e-mail systems

(cc : Mail, etc .

) and all major on-line services (AOL, etc.) .

Wireless faxing and more.

You can also send faxes globally, receive phone messages as text (via RadioMail operators), and get stock quotes and news . All without wires.

Now PC Card compatible.

Best of all , RadioMail now works delivers full messages-proposals, contracts-quickly and automatically . No logging in. No roaming charges .

RadioMaii connects you to millions of people around the dobe.

Because RadioMail gives your HP Palmtop PC a wireless Internet address, you can send and receive with PC Card wireless modems ' for the ultimate in portability .! To fmd out more , call one of our sales representatives. And discover how to make your


mobile office as well connected as a real one.

Act now for special pricing options on RadioMail two-way wireless communications service.

Call 1-800-597-6245,

dept. R34. Or e-mail us at [email protected]

"When you subscribe to RadioMail, you receive a wireless modem (aternal or PC Card) and software for your HP Palmtop Pc.

© 1995

Corporation . All trademarks are propert)


of their respective holders.




I E V P! E V I E V1 REV! E \;V


Card Ethernet Adapter

Slip this PC Card in your HP 100/200LX Palmtop PC and carry your LAN terminal in your pocket, wherever you go.

By Tom Gibson

ocal Area Networks (LANs) link a group of computers together, allowing their users to communicate and share important information. There are different "protocols" or systems and rules defined for this purpose.

Ethernet is one of the most common LAN systems.

LAN capability is becoming increasingly important, but till recently, Palmtop users have had problems interfacing with Local

Area Networks. About the only practical solution was to connect an

HP Palmtop via serial cable to a desktop PC that was itself connected to the LAN. This approach was cumbersome and slow.

The solution to the problem was a more direct connection to the

LAN, and the card slot was the obvious choice. Data transfer between the Palmtop and a card in the slot is much faster than serial or infrared port data transfer.

Unfortunately, earlier versions of

PCMCIA ethernet adapter cards were designed for full-sized desktop computers and notebooks.

They did not work with the HP

Palmtops because of battery requirements.

Silicom Ethernet adapter cards

Silicom is the first company to develop PCMCIA ethernet adapters compatible with the HP 100/


200LX. (See page 10, Vol.4, No.1,

Jan/Feb 1995.)

The Silicom PCMCIA Ethernet

SPE Card is an ethernet adapter card that comes with specially developed Support Driver software. The card allows you to connect your HP Palmtop to all major

Network Operating Systems, including Novell DOS 7, Netware

Lite Workstation/Server, Windows for Workgroups 3.10 (NDIS),

Windows for Workgroups 3.11

(NDIS), LAN Manager 2.0, LAN

Manager 2.1, Banyan Vines 4.X

(NDIS), Lantastic 5 .

0 with NDIS support, Lantastic 6.0 (NDIS), FTP

PC/TPC (Packet), and FTP


[Note: The other card mentioned in the January/February


issue was the Silicom PCMCIA EtherFlash

Card, a


Combo Card with the same

LAN connectivity features as the SPE card, plus 1MB or 2MB of Flash memory built in. Silicom is discontinuing the EtherFlash Card because of lack of interest in this combination as well as operational and power problems.]

The Ethernet SPE Card allows

, you to connect your HP Palmtop directly to your LAN to exchange files and run any of the network's

Palmtop compatible DOS software.

With these cards you connect to your LAN and have access to E-

Mail and other network resources when other terminals are not available. It is also very handy for trouble shooting the network when you have a terminal that is not working and need an emergency portable terminal. I tested the Ethernet SPE

Card on our Novell Netware 3.11 system.

Connecting the

HP Palmtop to a LAN

The Ethernet SPE card comes with cables to connect to 1 OBASE- T

(twisted pair) and 10BASE-2 (thin coaxial) systems. However, Silicom

Tech support tells me that the

10BASE-2 connection draws too much power from the Palmtop and does not work reliably.

Currently, an HP driver is included with all Ethernet 10

BASE-T cards. While you still have to load the driver from the includ-


Tom Gibson is the Director of Information Systems and


Manager of Fulfillment at Thaddeus Computing in Fairfield, IA.

(In other words, he makes sure you get your copy of The HP

Palmtop Paper.) Tom lives with his wife Julie and his

2 sons

Raymond and Ryan. He has a

BS Degree in Accounting from

Robert Morris College in Pittsburgh, P A and is an avid golfer

. playing to an


handicap when his career permits.

ed disk, the installation is much simpler than it was when I first tested the card. Silicom has also included a README file in the HP sub-directory of the installation disk (SEHP .

TXT) that is a MUST

READ for anyone installing this card on a Palmtop. There is also a quick installation guide, and the users manual. Once you have installed the necessary software and configured your Palmtop for the Ethernet card, you're ready to connect up to your LAN.

The installation process creates a batch file named STARTNET.BAT that automatically loads the appropriate software, accesses the LAN's file server, and presents you with the log-in prompt. When I want to connect to our Local Area

Network, I do the following:

1. Remove the Flash memory card from my Palmtop's card slot and insert the Ethernet adapter into the

Palmtop's card slot.

2. Reboot my HP Palmtop by pressing


This causes my

Palmtop to restart and configure itself according to the commands in the AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG

.SYS files on my Palmtop's C drive .

3 . Connect the card to t he LA N using the cable that comes with th e s ystem .

4. Go to the DOS C: \ prompt on my Palmtop, type st a rtnet and press


From the log-in prompt I enter m y name, my system passw o rd, and

I' m up and running on the network , r e ady to exchange files and run network DOS software, pr o vided that software is compatibl e with the HP Palmtop .

Uses for an HP Palmtop as a LAN node


It seems a little str a nge at first t o see the network files and programs on this tiny screen, but it works . I was able to log onto SYSCON, the systems administrator utility that is used to manage the network.

Systems Administrator screen displayed on the HP 100LX

I was able to run other applications from the Palmtop as long a s they would run in the limited amount of base memory available on the Palmtop. I was able to run

WordPerfect 5.1 for DOS, Magellan

(see next page), and even sent Email through the Internet.


We recently enlarged our location, moving some of our offices

Easy File Transfer

Between Your

Palmtop and Desktop







From Yo


Add the SCT CL680 Card-Link to your desktop PC:


Fast-80, 000 Bytes/sec


Easy to use-works just like a floppy disk drive


Convenient-plug-in installation to your parallel printer port


Reads /writes SRAM and

FLASH cards

Only $189.95

Steele Creek Technologies, Inc.

14035 Appling Lane

Charlotte, NC 28278

Phone or Fax: (704) 588-1780


$ 79







TEL: 704-376-1021 FAX: 7 04 3 35-8707 TOLL FREE: 800-476-4070



REVIEWS: Silicom Ethernet PC Card





HP 100lX connected to our lAN runs the

DOS version of Magellan upstairs in the building next door, and rearranging office locations in our previous building. This can be a real nightmare for a network supervisor! There are many things that have to be thought out including the running of new cables to the new offices and to the new locations within the old offices .

We contracted with a company to run the new lines for us, but they were not network specialists, so I was responsible for making sure that the connections were valid and operable. I found this to be very easy using Silicom's PCMCIA

Ethernet adapter. All I had to do was go to the location I wanted to test, connect the cable from the wall socket to the adapter in my 100LX, reboot so my Palmtop would recognize the adapter, and run the

"STARTNET.BAT" batch file.


SERVER THADDEUS" message and then the F:\LOGIN> prompt, I knew that the connection was valid.

Project: Vision


Planning In Your Palm For


For HP 100/200 and DOS based PC's

Features include :

Free Demo Pc


• One Hour Learning Curve


• Uses 300K with Max flIe size from SOK to IMEG.

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• Multiple projects , Max tasks of 1000 activities

• Mouse and keyboard operated for portability

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I've also used the Ethernet adapter card in my Palmtop to backup

Palmtop files to the network server .

I can move, copy, rename, etc., files from my Palmtop to the file server and vice versa . I was limited in the

Network F: \ lOGIN> prompt displayed at bottom of HP 100lX screen amount of data I could send to my

Palmtop because I was using a 1MB

If there was a computer at that particular location that was having problems connecting to the network, the chances were that the problem was with the Local Area

Network card in the computer.

Having a portable way of testing the LAN card w as very nice for me , because the LAN cards in the desktop PCs sometimes go £lakey, especially when the computers are being moved all over the place. It was much easier using my HP

Palmtop with the LAN card to test for this than lugging around a desktop PC for the same purpose.

100LX. This is one area where the extra space available on the C drive of a 2MB has a big advantage.

In the six months I have used this Ethernet card, I have come to depend on it as an important part of my network trouble shooting and repair portfolio .

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50-61 and Product Index, page 63.


" . . '


Cards That Don't Exis





... yet!

With the current pace of


Card development what can you expect to see in the near future? According to this






the sky's the limit!

By Harry Konstas

S ince PCMCIA (Personal

Computer Memory Card

Interna tional Association) standards first came out we've seen

PC card prices drop and capacities increase dramatically (up to 85MB for the Palmtops, 170MB with file compression) . Newer PC Card standards have made I/O PC

Cards available with built-in faxmodems, LAN adapters, wireless transmitters and receivers, and even small hard-disk drives on

Type III cards. But these existing wonders, however amazing, are eclipsed by the possibilities the technology now promises .

In last year's issue of

The HP

Palmtop Paper PC Card R





I described products that didn't exist, but were possible with the current technology . This article includes some of last year's fare and adds some new ideas~


the technology exists today


So you never know when you might actually see one of these cards in your local store.

The recorder/player uses the Flash memory instead of magnetic tape to record up to two hours of monaural audio .

This is now possible with new data compression hardware and existing 85MB Flashcards. And as the price of memory cards drops even further, you can expect to see stereo cards as well-you could have a complete digital stereo album recorded on a PC card!

Imagine a PC Card with a built-in headphone amplifier, software for programming music selections (like a CD player), and an audio input (a small analog to digital converter) to let you record your favorite songs . You could enjoy the music you like wherever you go by inserting a card into your Palmtop and plugging in a set of headphones , similar to using a

Walkman .

A few years from now we ma y see PC Card albums along with

CD's in the stores. These will probably be ROM cards programmed once at the factory instead of

F l ashcards since ROM cards are cheaper to make, at least for now.

Po s sibility


AM/FM stereo PC Card

Listen to your favorite radio station by plugging a "radio card" into the

PC Card slot of your HP Palmtop .

The card's softwar e lets you "tun e in" to stations using your

Palmtop's keyboard, and the

Palmtop's LCD screen shows you the frequency, signal strength, stereo indication, volume levels, etc. Once the user tunes to a radio station, he can store the frequenc y in one of the "preset" memory slots using the card's built in EEPROM memory .



PC Card audio puts your favorite music on PC Cards

Let's say a small combination recorder/player and Flash memory

Card is introduced on the market.


Harry Konstas is an electronics technician, digital control systems designer, and co-owner of VideoCam Electronics, Inc., an authorized service dealer for

Sony, Zenith and Mitsubishi audio-visual electronics equipment. H e lives in

Laval City, Quebec, CANADA. His favorite activities are programming and mountain climbing . He can be reached on CompuServe at [72540,620].


2 9

~~~~ ~ ~ iis , ~~#(~~~t ~ l.~ r~:'G;~r;f-~~;':!:~~~~:;~'~~~;


p o-0 e rec r l5YH1 e ' 1'a1 fil f o Fi"s



'''''<'lhe " eag e '' oF-t e car w oUlcr pro v iCie ',. batteries , this card gives you up to 15 hours of listening . Plug headphones into the edge of your card, and enjoy!



Voice recognition PC Card

the sound and the earphone's wire would also be used as an antenna.

This card is powered by the

Palmtop's AA batteries . The TV would run a couple of hours on a pair of batteries since the LCD isn't backlit.

(I have a Casio 3-inch color backlit LCD TV and it works for about 4 hours with 4 AA batteries.)

Wouldn ' t it be great if future

Palmtops let you access features with voice commands? Who knows? Someday soon a product with a name like "VoiceFlash" might hit the market. This voice recognition card would include a sensitive condenser microphone located at the edge of the card that could pick up your voice from three feet away. Software similar to existing voice recognition programs would let the card "learn" to recognize your voice commands .

Once the card had memorized your voice patterns into its 10MB Flash memory, you would no longer need to use the keyboard of your

Palmtop. You could even give your

HP Palmtop a name and vocally activate it!

Possibility #4:

Black and white television receiver PC Card

Possibility #5:

Digital multi-meter PC Card

Great for electronics technicians or hobbyists, this digital multi-meter

PC Card plugs into your Palmtop and allows electronics buffs to record AC or DC voltages up to

500V, read OHMs from .001 to 20M ohms , and test diodes .

Possibility #6:

Digital oscilloscope PC Card

Another "must " for electronics technicians in the not-to-distant future is this dual-trace digital 20

MHZ digital oscilloscope PC Card .

The card's software records your analogi digital waveform readouts on the LCD screen of your HP


Watch your favorite programs or news on this compact PC Card black and white TV! The TV screen is your Palmtop LCD. The resolution would be 528 x 200 pixels (4 : 3 standard TV ratio with a doubling of the horizontal resolution) leaving the right side of your LCD (112 x 200) for a display showing the channel, volume, other indicators .

The built-in digitizing process of the card would convert incoming signals to a 4 gray-scale image which would give an acceptable picture on the Palmtop screen.

Image refresh would be 30 frames per second. The earphone plug on

Possibility #7

Blood analysis PC Card

This would be an important card for both doctors and patients.

Insert the card in the Palmtop's card slot, press the knob on the side of the card and a tiny tray pops out. Put a drop of blood in the tray, push the tray back into the card, and the built-in analysishardware and software give you the sugar and cholesterol levels of the blood sample . The information shows up on your HP Palmtop screen in less than two minutes .

Connect this PC Card to a "piezo" weight sensing element and then step on the pie z o. It senses your weight and stores the data in the

PC Card ' s built-in Flash memory .

Insert the card in the Palmtop's slot

(clean it off first, of course), and read your weight. Weight is dis played on the Palmtop's screen in both pounds and kilograms . The quilt-in software includes a program with the name like

"WeightMan" that keeps track of and graphically displays your weight fluctuations over time .

Possibility #9:

Two sided PC Cards?

This PC Card of the future would actually be two cards in one, with a connector on each end. Insert either end of the card in your Palmtop, depending on which side of the card you want to use .

Possibility #10:

Super-high-capacity PC Cards

There was an announcement some time ago about San Disk and Fujitsu working on a new PC Card technology that would make a 500MB

Flashcard possible. This achievement is still a few years away .

Not yet, but soon!

The things I've talked about don't exist yet! Don't be surprised if you go into your local computer store in a few years and find all of these things on the shelf. Given today's rapid pace of technology, you can count on more new and exciting PC Card applications in the near future.






in savings on your purchase of the Personal Messenger™


Wireless Modem and Two-Way Messaging Software K



No more hunting for phone jacks! With the Personal Messenger '·

1000 wirele s s PCMCIA modem card from Motorola and your


100/200LX, you can send and receive wireless E-ma i l , send faxes , access news updates, stock ma r ket quotes , and more - free of phone lines. The modem card comes w it h RadioMail ® wireless two-way messaging software that works over the ARDIS s M nationwide wireless data network, so you can communicate and access information from almost anywhere. And, if you buy a Personal Messenger/HP Subscriber Kit before

12/31/95 ,

you ' ll receive :

For your nearest participat i ng dealer or additional information , call:


1 8 0 0 8 9 4 7 3 5 3

Dept. PMDI

Personal Messenger/HP Subscriber Kit

Personal Messenger modem card rebate


Free ARDIS activation

Free RadioMail Software for HP Palmtops








No Wires


No Limits.






The Personal Messenger'''' modem card operates on the ARDIS nationwide. Iwo-w')y wllclpss eat a network that covers OVC! and Molorola are rcgistef(~d I~ademarks and Personal Messenger and No Wires. No Limits. Me tradCTnMks, of Motarol", Inc All other 1rJcierna.rk'> ')re the property the us. bU$In('~s crn\l'TS till'l! f<e<;pccilvr owners. 0 I'YY, Motorol,!. Inc. All rig-his ff'SrfVl'd


Using PC Cards in the HP Palmtop PC

By Mark Scardina

PCMCIA: Background

T he

Personal Computer Memory

Card International Association

(PCMCIA) is a non-profit trade association and standards body founded in 1989 and comprised of over 500 member companies. It's purpose is to define the industry standard for PC Card technology.

The first PCMCIA PC Card

Standard (1.0) was released in 1990 and defined the physical and electrical characteristics of a creditcard-sized device that could be used as memory or as a disk in a computer. This standard not only defined the physical specifications of the card, but its use as a data storage device as well. Since HP was on this standards committee, the HP 95LX ultimately came to market with a PCMCIA card slot that met, for practical purposes, the 1.0 standard.

The PCMCIA committee subsequently introduced the 2.0 and

2.1 standards two years ago. These releases broadened the card specification with the addition of input/output (I/O) and executein-place capabilities, allowing the development of mass storage, modem/fax, LAN, cellular and radio frequency communications peripherals in the PCMCIA card format. The 2.0 standard was introduced in time to find its way into the HP 100LX. The latest release, called the "PC Card

Standard" is described on page 9


THE HP PALMTOP PAPER PC CARD REVIEW 1995 of this issue. It adds new capabilities to the standard, but is very new and few if any devices using this standard have been developed for the HP Palmtop.

The first I/O cards available for the 100LX were fax/modems cards. Subsequently, data collection cards, a barcode system, a

LAN adapter card, and floppy disk drive with PCMCIA interface have been introduced. Developers are working on other devices for the HP 100/200LX, including VGA adapters, global positioning system cards, and SCSI adapters.

Type II; Version 2.0 and 2.1:

What's the difference?

PCMCIA 2.0/2.1 capability must not be confused with Type II capability. In the PC Card standard,

"Type" refers to the thickness of the card with Type I equal to

3.3mm, Type II equal to 5mm and

Type III equal to lO.5mm. Both the

HP 95LX and the HP 100/200LX can accept up to Type II cards.

However, only the 100/200LX has ver. 2.0/2.1 standard capability .

PC memory cards

PC memory cards can be used in any HP Palmtop to add file storage capability. Read-Only-

Memory (ROM) cards, Static-


(SRAM) cards, and Flash-Random-

Addressable (Flash RAM) cards were developed for this purpose.

Type' PC Card

3.3mm Thick

Type II PC Card

S.O mm Thick

Type '" PC Card

10 .

5 mm Thick

Type I , II, and III PC Cards



Scardina is a regular contributor to



Palmtop Paper.

He is

Semor Product Manager for ACE Technologies . He is also the Sysop of the HP Handhelds and Onmibook Forums on CompuServe and the author of numerous utility programs for the HP Palmtops. His

CompuServe ID is [76711,732].


Transfer files effortlessly between your HP 100LX or

200LX and any DOS based PC

• Run on your PC HP 100/200LX

Phone, Appointment, Database,

NoteTaker, and HP Calc software

• Synchronize and merge Quicken ® , phone, appointment, and database files between your

Palmtop and PC

• Export and import HPI00/200LX phone, appointment, database, and notetaker data to and from other PC applications (using comma delimited format)

HP FI021B Connectivity Pack:

English manual , Multi-lingual software , u .

s .

List Price

Connectivity cable, Connectors ....................... $ll9.95

HP FI015A DOS-connectivity cable .......












...... $24.95

HP FI023A Connectors for PC, Modem, Printer .................. $24.95

HP FI016A Mac-connectivity cable ...













..... $24.95


• Keep more data, run additional programs wherever you go by using HP Flash Disk Cards.

• Back up your vital phone, appointment, 1-2-3,

Quicken, database and other palmtop files.

• Plug your HP PCMCIA flash card into the

Palmtop and it works just like a hard disk.

• Double the storage space of your HP Flash

Disk Card Stacker automatic compression software comes preloaded! us

L' t

P 'c

. . IS

[I e

HP F1024A


Flash Disk Card .



. tt!e#"! ..



HP F1012B


Flash Disk Card ....


................. $375

HP F1013B


Flash Disk Card .






........... $600

HP F1014B


Flash Disk Card .




..... $999

HP F1211A


Flash Disk Card ..


;V'# ..



Extend the battery life of your HP Palmtop and chargE rechargeables with this light-weight adapter.

HP FI0llA ...........................


..... $39.95 u.s.

List Price




See your local HP Palmtop dealer, or contact one of the

HP Palmtop advertisers in this issue. (In the U.S., obtain a dealer list by calling 800-443-1254.






Requires DOS-based PC with EGA or higher display, available serial port, 3-MB available of local hard disk space, 286 or higher CPU , 450K available conventional memory ,

1.44 MB 3.5 inch flexible disk drive. Quicken is a registered trademark of Intuit, Inc.



(GS-220) Desktop PCMCIA

Internal Reader/Writer

Supports TWO Type I, II, or III cards simultaneously

Provides convenient front-panel telephone jack for modem cards

Installs easily in 5-1/4" half-height

PC bay

Ruggedized, patented ejector system for longer life

Software included for either DOS or



(GS-220F) Desktop PCMCIA

Internal Reader/Writer with 3-1/2",

1_44 Floppy Drive


Floppy Combo

Supports two Type III PC cards and

3-1/2" floppy at the same time

Installs easily in 5-1/4" half-height

PC bay

Ruggedized, patented ejector system for longer life


(GS-440) Desktop PCMCIA

Internal Reader/Writer





Type I, II, or III cards

Ruggedized, patented ejector system for longer life

Installs easily in 5-1/4" half-height

PC bay

OutBack -

(GS-ll 0) Low Cost One-Slot


Supports one Type I, II or III cards with rear access


(DD-9S) Low-cost Backup or Auxiliary Storage System using

PCMCIA Technology

Backup your Desktop or Laptop with a high-speed low cost 2-1/2"

Hard Drive

Great for Systems requiring Security


Takes only minutes to backup your

Laptop instead of hours using a Tape


Type Adaptor


Slot Adaptor

Allows the use of Type III cards in Type I or II slots

Type III devices can be used in stacked two-slot systems without blocking the second slot

Cards inserted in the Type Adaptor are accessible for repair/development trouble shooting

Low cost, direct plug-in, ready-to-use

PalmTop Adaptor


External Power

Enables Notebooks and Laptops to use devices requiring more power, Le.,

PCMCIA Hard Disk



Converts SV slot to 3.3V slot

Enables user to plug 3.3V PCMCIA

Cords into 5V slots

Use in Desktop, Laptop, Notebook, and Palmtop

Also Avoi'ab'e: Fast. efflclent, simple

to use, high volume 'DE and SCS, Hard Disk Drive software duplication system.


Greystone Peripherals Inc.

130-A Knowles Drive

Los Gatos, CA 95030

Tel: 1-408-866-4739



To Order Call:




USE PC Cards in your HP Paltmop


our software programs marketed on ROM

I:: cards. HP's DictionaryfThesaurus Card f,J

(Top); ACE's GAMEcard (mid-left); r.1

Globalink's Language card (mid-right, no

, fbnger available); and MIRICAL's Personal


Food Analyst (bottom).



Read-Only-Memory (ROM) Cards

ROM cards have been available

~i nce before the introduction of the

HP ' 95LX : They " a re the

' le~ ~ t expensive form of memory card, but are read-only and cannot be written to .

Typically, a ROM card is programmed once with the desired software or data files. From that point on you can access the software or data files, but you cannot make changes to it on the ROM card. ROM cards are more stable than their writable counterparts.

The software program is "etched" permanently into the card's microchips and can never be altered or lost through any action" short of physically destroying the card. ROM cards are most suitable for storing files that do not need to be changed.

The ACE GAMEcard, HP's

Dictionary / Thesaurus card, and the GlobalLink Language Translation cards are examples of software programs on ROM cards.


Memory (SRAM) Cards

SRAM cards were the most popular card storage technology used on the HP 95LX. While SRAM cards are still expensive when compared to floppy and hard disk technology, SRAM prices have plummeted in the past couple of years.

SRAM's memory is retained by the presence of a battery. The lithium backup batteries used in the cards provide a one year life. The recommended procedure is to change SRAM card batteries every

10 months. Set a 10-month reminder in APPT and change the battery whether you've received a low battery warning or not (see sidebar, this page, for changing SRAM backup batteries).

SRAM cards are the fastest of all the memory cards, especially when writing to them. They have virtually an infinite life with no drop off of performance over time.

They also are both readable and bootable without the need of an additional software device driver.

This is a distinct advantage on the

HP 95LX as it is possible to lose the data and . programs on your C drive. Since a SRAM card can always be read, you can keep your startup files (CONFIG.5YS and

AUTOEXEC.BAT) on it and boot from the SRAM card to recover from a C drive crash (insert the

SRAM card in the memory card slot and press


Finally, SRAM cards can be easily interchanged among other computers with RAM card slots that support any level of the PCMCIA standard. Memory card drives are available that connect to your desktop or portable computer and allow them to access your card's data quickly.

Although SRAM cards exist in capacities from


to 4MB, practicality and cost considerations limit the availability of some sizes. For the HP Palmtops,


1MB and

2MB cards are readily available. In addition, compression software is available to increase the capacity of the card. Stacker from Stac Electronics, DoubleCard from ACE

Technologies and DIET i j

(freeware) all can provide up to twice your physical storage space.

Changing a SRAM card backup battery

If you see a LOW CARD BA lTERY message on the Palmtop, your SRAM card has just lost, or is about to lose all its data! If the message appears, leave the SRAM card in the card slot and do NOT turn the Palmtop off - keep it on!

The main batteries will supply enough electricity to the card to prevent any further damage.

Connecting the Palmtop to the AC adapter disables the auto-shutoff feature and gives you all the time you need to change the battery. If you don't have access to AC power when you need to change the battery, you have three minutes before the Palmtop powers down and cuts the power to your card.

You can press a key every minute or so to keep the Palmtop from powering down. You can also disable the auto timeout by using


Slide the lock lever at the end of the card to the unlock position and remove the little battery tray. Pop the battery out and replace it with the proper back up battery (a 3-volt CR-

2025 coin cell for HP cards). Make sure the positive (+) side of the battery is Sitting up in the tray. For more on changing card batteries, check your User's Guide.


CompuServe ID: [15300,3661]

Dave Snellard

CompuServe 10: [100064, 1525/


(Flash RAM) Memory Cards

Flash RAM cards are similar to

SRAM cards in that they are comprised of computer chips that can be written to and read from .

However, they have two big advantages over SRAM cards.

First, they do not need a battery to retain their data. Second, they can have very large capacities. The largest capacity card for the HP

Palmtop is the SanDisk 80MB card

(160MB with file compression) .

SanDisk (formerly SunDisk) and

NEC are jointly developing

256Mbit Flash technology that will eventually lead to 500MB cards in the late 1990s. The larger Flash

RAM card capacities yield the cheapest cost-per-megabyte of storage ratios.

SanDisk was the fir s t company to introduce a writable Flash RAM card for the HP 95LX . Until recent ly they were the manufacturer for all ATA Fla s h cards marketed




USE PC Cards in your HP Paltmop

under a variety of names, including HP. These cards conformed to a supplemental PCMCIA-ATA standard that allowed them to appear as more conventional IDE hard drives to the HP Palmtops or a Pc.

SanDisk achieved a tremendou s technological feat with its Flash cards. However, there are some points you should keep in mind .

First, the card is not readable or bootable on the HP 95LX without a

"device driver" (small software program) already running. This is not much of a problem, unless your HP

95LX's C drive corrupts or is otherwise lost. SanDisk users might want to carry an additional SRAM card with the files necessary to reinstall the SanDisk device driver just in case! IBM's new ATA flash card s will not work on the 95LX.

HP lOO/200LX users have the necessary device drives built in and do not have to worry about this. It should be noted that the device drivers used are specific to the particular PC or Palmtop. If you want to use the SanDisk card in another notebook's or desktop' s memory card drive, you have to

Can flash cards wear out?

There is quite a bit of misinformation about Flash RAM cards "wearing out." The card does not wear out and stop working after a while. The card is made up of 512 byte sectors just like a hard disk is. In fact, the interface between the Palmtop and the card (ATA Flash disks) looks (to hardware & software) just like an ATA hard drive. It is these individual sectors that are subject to

"wear", not the whole card.

Also the term ''wear'' is a bit misleading. After something like about 100,000 writes, a sector will tend to take longer to do a write cycle than it did when it was '1resh." Some engineer decided that a write cycle that takes longer than some specific amount of time is considered too slow and the sector is "worn out." I'm not sure whether the ability to write to the disk eventually completely wears out or just becomes prohibitively long. However, you will always be able to read from the Flash disk. I have recently heard of a new Flash card being developed that does not need to have wear leveling run on it. So, maybe someone has licked that problem altogether.

There is a program that comes with the SanDisk ATA Flash disk cards called

WEAR.EXE. This program should be run a few (2-3) times per year (it is not critically important).

It writes to each sector on the card and measures th~ write cycle time. When it finds a spot that is writing too slow, it maps it out as a "bad sector" and maps in one of the many spare sectors already included on the card. Then it puts the data that was in the sector into the new one. If there were no slow sectors, then WEAR does nothing. You should close down SysMgr and unmount the Stacked drive before running WEAR. Then reboot afterwards. VERY IMPORTANT:

Be sure you have the 100/200LX plugged into a working AC power pack before running WEAR.

It can take a couple of minutes and if the heavy duty writing it does kills your batteries, it could corrupt the FlashCard.

I think WEAR may also move data around from sector to sector in an effort to empty the sectors that have been heavily used and put the data into less used sectors. This helps to

"load level" the sectors.

Stanley Dobrowski

CompuServe 10: [71031,2162]

first get the appropriate device driver. (Most devices currently manufactured can read SanDisk cards.)

SanDisk ATA flash card layed on top of a credit card for size comparison . Inside of the card displayed to the left bottom.


Second, Flash RAM cards , while having a virtually unlimited read life, have a long but limited write life. That means that there is no limit on how many times you can access data . However, there might be a limit on how many times you can change data. Flash

RAM write life has been greatly increased through improvements in the memory chips used in the cards and software incorporated to detect failing sectors. Claims have been made that a typical user need never worry about losing data due to a write life problem. (At the time of this writing, SanDisk and HP provide a one year warranty on their ATA Flash cards. ACE has a lifetime warranty on its

DoubleFlash cards and five years on its DoubleFlash+ cards.)

Finally, it takes a little bit longer to write to a Flash RAM card than it does to a SRAM card.

This is because it takes a small amount of time for a Flash RAM card's write circuitry to come out

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of its "sleep" mode (necessary to allow the card to have similar power consumption as an SRAM card). I didn't notice additional write time in daily use, with compression software on my card.

Selecting the right memory card

The wide variety of SRAM and

Flash RAM memory cards now available makes choosing a card a little difficult. Your first task is to determine the minimum storage requirements for your system.

While it is true that you can never have too much space, RAM cards are far more expensive than mechanical drives. Let's assume for this discussion that your spac~ requirements do not rule out the smaller SRAM cards.

Cards for the HP 95LX

1. If you are going to use your cards on the HP 95LX, then you should choose between the SRAM cards and the San Disk 5 volt AT A

Flash cards based on your storage requirements and budget.

2 . You should make sure the Flash card comes with a software driver that supports the HP 95LX .

PCMCIA Notes from HP

PC Cards that can be used on the HP Palmtops

[Thanks to HP Mobile Computing Customer Support, phone: 503-757-2004, fax: 503-715-5488, for this information.]


Type I, II , and III refer to the physical dimensions of the PC Card. Both the 95LX and 100LX can physically accept Type I (3mm thick) and II (5mm thick) cards. Neither can accept a Type 111(10.5 mm thick) card.


PCMCIA Release 1.0 is the standard covering memory cards only, mainly battery-backed cards. All subsequent releases, including the new PC Card Standard, are backward compatible, allowing use of memory cards. Releases 2 .

0, 2.1, and the PC Card Standard also cover I/O cards (such as fax/modems, wireless transmitters and receivers, etc.).

The HP 100/200LX can handle cards developed under Releases 1 .

0, 2.0

, 2 .

1, and the PC Card

Standard . However some 2 .

0 or greater cards draw too much power and will not work with the

100 / 200LX. (The 1 00/200LX can only handle cards that require a maximum of 150 milliamps of power at 5 volts.) The 100/200LX works with many SRAM, Flash RAM, ATA, fax/modem, wireless receivers, and other PC Cards .

The HP 95LX can handle Release 1.0 (Type I & II) cards and Release 2.0 (Type I & II) memory cards. The 95LX works with many SRAM cards, ATA flash RAM cards, and one custom deSigned fax/modem card (PalmModem by NewMedia).

Using a PC Card Modem with the HP 100LX

This procedure shows how to prepare the HP 100LX for using a card modem. This procedure is not needed on the HP 200LX. Additional information is given on using cc:Maii with certain card modems.

1. If you do not have existing AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files, copy them from the

100 / 200LX D drive to the C drive.

2. Open AUTOEXEC .


A. If you copied it over from D:, delete the letters REM from the line:

Rem d:\bin\cic100 /gen1.

B . If you had an existing AUTOEXEC.BAT file, add the line: d:\bin\cic100 /gen1 before the last line.

4 . Press ~

5. Close all applications .

6. Press IClRL!-~-~

The HP 100LX should now be ready to use the card modem in the built-in applications. Remember that the PC Card port is the COM2 port. You must configure Datacomm or cc:Mail to send / receive via


Getting cc:Maii to work with PC Card modems

Certain card modems require the settings in cc:Maiito be altered. If cc:Mail does not seem to connect or download messages when using a card modem, try the following:

1. Copy HAYES.MDM from D: \.

DAT to C:\ _ DAT.

(Optional: only cc:Mail users with problems need to do this.)

2. Open c:\ _ DAT\HAYES.MDM in Memo.

3. Type "Rem" in front of the two lines that begin with SETUP.

4. Insert the following new line: setup=at&f&c1 &d2&k3&s1 &q5wO

This is a typical command string that works with some modems . Your modem may require other settings. See your cc:Mail Systems Administrator for the modem settings for your system.

5. Press


6 . Go back into cc:Maii and press

IMENU! konnect Settings, tab to the Modem File text box, enter

C: \.

DAT\HAYES.MDM and press I

ENTER! to update the file.

You're now ready to go back to cc:Mail and attempt to use the modem card with the new modem setup.

3. The 95LX driver that comes with the card needs to be kept on HP

95LX' s C drive. If you damage your C drive you will not be able to use the card until you can replace it either from another card or a Pc.

4. Hewlett-Packard sells a 5MB





USE PC Cards in your HP Paltmop

ATA Flash card that includes

Stacker compression software.

5. ACE DoubleFlash cards come in different sizes with a special software driver that increases the write speed of the card.

6. The 5 volt DoubleFlash cards are available with an optional ROM card that you can carry to restore the driver. Overall, Flash RAM cards are slower than the SRAM cards when you are saving files over lOOK; therefore, the increased storage does come at a performance price. Both the HP and ACE cards are provided with Stacker compression software.

Cards for the

HP 100/200LX

The HP 100 /200LX makes card selection easier because no special software drivers need to be installed for either SRAM or AT A

Flash cards. The faster processor also reduces the impact of using

Stacker compression software.

HP and other companies sell versions of SanDisk's AT A Flash-

RAM cards, which usually include

Stacker, which effectively doubles their capacity. For a more complete listing, see PC Card Products, pages 50-61 this issue.

You should be aware that a 12 volt card is unusable in the HP

95LX as well as external card drives that do not support 12v. (The

Databook TMD 550 and 201 can read but not write to a 12v card.)

Finally, I recommend that you use high quality NiCds (>700mah) or Nickel Metal Hydrides with the

HP 100/200LX when using any of the FlashRAM cards. These batteries are better able to handle the current surges and are less likely to reboot your machine if you inadvertently insert the FlashRAM card with the power on.

Using SRAM and

Flash RAM Cards

There are some general points that pertain to memory cards, regardless of the kind you are using.

PC memory card drives

Flash and SRAM cards provide easy data exchange and backup capabilities. A PC Card drive can be added to your desktop Pc. It lets your desktop PC read RAM cards like it would read a floppy disk. It is far quicker and easier to slip a PC Card out of your Palmtop and into a PC Card drive than it is to connect your Palmtop up to your PC and run file transfer software. (See the article on card drives beginning on page 39. Also see PC

Card Products, pages 50-61, for listings of card drives.)

Memory card not DOS "system disk"

Many PC users are familiar with creating bootable disks for their

PC, using the DOS format


command. You don't have to try and turn the RAM card into a "system disk" to boot from it. You don't need any hidden files or COM-

MAND.COM (it's launched from

ROM). If you have your AUTOEX-

EC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS files on the SRAM card, in the card slot, whenever you press


DELI, you'll boot from the A drive.

Maximize a PC memory card's file storage capability

When memory cards are formatted, they are divided up into storage units called "sectors" and

"clusters." Each sector on a SRAM card has 512 bytes. Each cluster has one sector. Flash RAM cards are too big to have 512 byte clusters and come with clusters ranging from 1MB to 8MB.

Any file takes up a minimum of one cluster. A small batch file of a few lines may require less than 50 bytes of storage space. However, it must occupy at least one cluster

(512 bytes on a SRAM card, up to

8K on an ATA Flash card).

This fact means that it is wasteful to store small files on a SRAM

38 THE HP PALMTOP PAPER PC CARD REVIEW 1995 card and almost criminal to store them on an AT A Flash card.

If you use MEMO to keep scraps of information and save each to a separate file, you're wasting precious space.

HP 100/200LX users can use Note-

Taker to keep scraps of information in one file and save disk space. HP

95LX users can check out programs like fastNOTES, Keep-In-View and

NOTES95 lUI to recover that expensive real estate.

Another approach is to use file cpmpression software on your

SRAM or Flash RAM cards. You can use DIET lUI or other compression software to reduce the size of individual files before you store them on your memory card.

Stacker is particularly effective with larger cards, as much as doubling the capacity of the card (see compression article, page 48).

A final warning: The DIR

(directory) command of MS-DOS reports the number of bytes in a given file, not the space actually used. For example, you could write a small, two-line batch file that only needs 50 bytes of storage space. However, since it must occupy one sector, it's really occupying

512 bytes on a SRAM card or up to

8K on an AT A Flash card. The dir command lists 50 bytes as the file size, not the amount of space the file is really taking up. DIR computes the "bytes free" on the disk based on the apparent, not actual file size. With a lot of small files on your disk, it's possible to run out of storage space, even while DIR reports lots of space left.

One last thing: You may have no more than 63 entries in the root directory, A: \, of your card. If you want to store more files on a card, put them in a subdirectory.

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50·61 and Product Index, page 63.

Sharewarelfreeware index page 64


Adding a PC Card Drive to Your Desktop PC

Mark explains the basic considerations for choosing and installing


Card drives on your desktop



Mark Scardina

Over the last few years, we have seen a proliferation of PC Card slots in Palmtops, laptops and notebook PCs. Where we once had only small PC data storage cards of a few megabytes, we now have PC

Card modems, network cards,

100MB hard drives, sound cards,

SCSI cards, and more . By adding a

PC Card drive to your desktop PC you can use some or all of these cards on your desktop. We hope this article will help you navigate around the world of PC Card drives and choose the right one for your Pc.

There are two major classes of

PC Card drives that can be added to your Pc. One class supports specific PC Cards and I shall refer to them as

dedicated drives.

The other class is designed to support all PC

Cards, and they will be referred to as

full-support drives.

This distinction is very important as it impacts, not only on the cost of the drive but its resource requirements on your desktop Pc.

Dedicated drives

Dedicated drives come in two flavors parallel port drives and internal bus drives. Since the PC

Card standard is evolving, drives designed several years ago are unable to support many of the new types of cards that are available today. While the standard is 'back-

External parallel port PC Card drive (right) attached to a desktop PC or an internal PC Card drive (below floppy drive on front of desktop PC) lets you transfer data between your HP

Palmtop and desktop PC via a PC memory card. Some card drives will let you use fax/modem and other I/O PC Cards in your desktop PC. ward compatible', this only guarantees that older cards will work in the newer drives and not vice versa.

The first major change in the standard was the introduction of

PCMCIA Release 2.0. This should not be confused with Type II which refers to the dimensions of the card. Prior to Release 2.0 all PC

Cards were data storage cards. This means that if a drive does not support the 2.0 standard, it will only work with data storage cards and not the modem cards, LAN cards, sound cards, etc. that are supported in the 2.0 standard. Examples of these drives included the Databook

Thincard 200 series and Steele

Creek parallel drives.

Parallel PC Card drives

As indicated by its name, parallel drives are external boxes that connect to your PC via its parallel port.

Some of the more expensive drives provide a 'pass through' port to allow your printer and the PC Card drive to work through the same parallel port. In evaluating which type parallel drive you need, remember that adding a second parallel port to your PC is usually less than $20.





USE Adding card drives to your desktop

Parallel drives have the advantage of being easily installed and removed. They can be transferred from one PC to another and the software does not put much demand on a PC's resources.

Typically the software driver needed to run the drive takes less than


of System memory, and does not require its own interrupt, I/O addresses, or upper memory window (see definitions in the side bar on this page). The price you pay for this ease of use is in the area of performance and compatibility.

Da ta transfers through a parallel port at approximately one tenth the speed of those through an internal bus drive. Typically, these drives can transfer approximately SOK bytes per second. While this is five times faster than cable methods using programs like the HP

Connectivity Pack, LapLink and

ZIP !HI , it pales when compared to the SOO-800K bytes per second capability of internal bus drives.

Currently, parallel drives can support data storage cards only.

This includes SRAM, ROM, Series

II Flash and AT A Flash cards. They require an external power supply which in most cases is simply an

AC Adapter. Installation is straight forward and usually the only software required is a device driver that is added to your CONFIG.syS file.

[IMPORT ANT: Most external


Card drives come with a parallel cable. This cable and its length can be critical. The length of the cable affects the time it takes for the signal to reach the




especially apparent connecting to PCs with fast processors

(above 33MHz).


not substitute, lengthen, or connect to a switch box without contacting the drive manufacturer.]

If you are primarily looking for a card drive to transfer files and your card sizes are modest, the parallel drive is an excellent choice.

This is because it will not place the large demands upon your system that a full-support drive will. For dedicated parallel drives, check out the CardPort and Steele Creek drives.

Internal drives for memory cards only

Prior to the 2.0 standard, internal dedicated drives were the high performance choice for data storage cards . With the advent of ATA

Flash cards and PC Card hard drives, we are seeing a new type of drive that works only with these cards. These ATA drives install as an additional IDE hard disk drive connecting directly to your IDE

Hard Disk/Floppy Disk Controller card. A single IDE hard disk drive is standard on most PCs and is connected to an IDE controller card through one of the controller's two hard drive connectors.

If you have a second physical IDE hard drive, you will need an additional IDE disk controller card to connect the

PC Card drive.

A small software device driver, less than 10K, is required to handle removing and inserting the cards.

The small size is possible because the PC's basic input/ output system knows how to talk to IDE drives which AT A cards emulate. Like the parallel drives above, the resource requirements of this type of drive

Installing an internal PC Card drive in your desktop PC

Last year I had the opportunity of installing and testing an SCM "SwapBox" PC Card reader in my desktop PC . I tested the Swapbox PREMIUM, which adds two internal card drives: one in the front and another in the rear. Although the experience is over a year old, many of the installation procedures are still valid

Some assembly is involved in the installation process. I had to take the desktop's case off, install a card in the rear, mount the front drive in an adapter, slide that into a drive bay, and connect the two with a ribbon cable. If you've installed a floppy or hard drive before, you'll be able to handle physical installation of this and other PC Card drives. If taking the cover off your desktop makes you nervous, get your computer dealer, MIS person or a knowledgeable friend to install the unit. For the

SwapBox and many other PC Card drives, your desktop PC must be an AT 386 or higher with 640K of RAM, running DOS 5 .

0 or later. You'll need an available 16 bit ISA


socket and an empty front drive bay (for front-mounted units). These requirements will vary depending on the card drive you install.

I installed the SwapBox into my Gateway 2000 486DX2I50. At the time, my Gateway had all sorts of accessories connected to it, including an HP ScanJet, a LaserMaster WinPrinter, a mouse, and a LAN network card . In addition, I had a number of other device drivers installed. This complicated memory management on my system. (My CONFIG.SYS file has more lines than the Federal

Budget.) I had difficulty installing and properly configuring SwapBox's system software. A very helpful and patient SCM tech support person walked me through the installation, checking system interrupts (IROs) and tracking down a miSSing MS-DOS file (my fault).

Some PC Card drives come with mounting brackets. The Swap Box I got a year ago did not and I had to track down the correct mounting brackets (or rails) for my Gateway computer .

Mounting brackets are strips of metal that attach to the sides of internally mounted drives and let them slip into the drive bay. Although one desktop manufacturer's drive bays can be different from another's, there are only a few basic types. A local computer dealer should be able to help you. If not, call the manufacturer of the computer, or the vendor you bought it from, and have them send you the proper mounding brackets. Gateway customer support sent me the correct mounting brackets at no charge!

It was a bit of an adventure getting the card drive installed, but most of it was unavoidable. I probably would have had an easier time with an external card drive, but it would have taken up more room on my already-crowded desktop. I have little patience with manuals and appreciate good technical support from a product's developer.

Publisher Hal Goldstein has a Protege installed inside his home desktop PC and a DataBook installed at work . He had no problem with the physical installation of either, everything fit properly .

With the help of tech support, he moved his Protege device driver after his CD-ROM device driver in his CONFIG.SYS file to get the Protege to work properly . He likes both units.

Rich Hall

Editor, The HP Palmtop Paper


are very low. However, the speed of access is on a par with the fastest hard disk drives. The dedicated PC

Card drives are an excellent choice for those who have only the ATA type data storage cards as they are less than $100 and do their job well.

Protege and Adtron have dedicated internal bus drives that are worth evaluating.

Full·Support Internal Drives for Storage and I/O Cards

Full-support drives are intended to support all PC Cards. The drives can access a variety of cards, such as memory, fax/modem, and LAN

PC Cards. To accomplish this, more PC Card support software must be installed on your Pc.

These drives require more of your

PC's system resources than the dedicated drives.

Adding full PC Card support can be a rather complex affair (see sidebar this page on requirements and trouble shooting). Fortunately, the software vendors are beginning to make the software able to detect potential conflicts and easier to install. While there are beginning to be more reliable drives coming to market, a good place to start for a Full-Support drive is one that uses the Vadem Controller and

Phoenix's PCM+ software.

Hardware Considerations

We've looked closely at the software, but there are several hardware considerations to keep in mind when you are selecting a drive. Most current drives have an! opening that will support at least

Type III, 10mm high PC Cards.

This height is necessary for AT A hard drives. While there are some

PC Card drives designed for

Toshiba laptops that are taller than

10mm, the extra height has not been approved by the PC Card

Standards Committee and is not likely to be. Make sure the drive has an LED 'busy' indicator. This is very important for large data storage cards because it lets you know when the drive is inactive and you can pull out the card. A hinged

Requirements and trouble shooting full-support PC

Card drives in your desktop PC

(For questions or problems with your PC Card drive, contact the manufacturer's technical support.)


Before deciding on a full-support PC Card drive, you should be aware that it will require the following resources on your desktop PC:

System Memory: All of the required drivers when loaded into memory will require anywhere from 60-120K of System memory. These drivers can generally be loaded high.

Upper Memory Window: A block of memory between C800 and EOOO of 4K to 32K is required to access SRAM and ROM cards as well as to identify the type of card in the slot.

I/O Addresses: A block of 8-16 1/0 addresses are required for communication with modems,

ATA cards and LAN cards. This is similar to COM1 using 1/0 addresses starting at 3F8.

InterruptsJIRQs: You computer uses IROs to communicate with devices attached to it. Two

IROs are required under most installations. One is used to signal a card being pulled or inserted while the other is used for such activities as communicating with a modem card in the same way as

COM1 uses IR04.

Trouble shooting

Most installation programs do not properly detect your Memory Manager (such as OEMM, 386MAX, etc.) This means that it is usually necessary for you to manually edit its command line in your CON-

FIG.SYS to exclude the upper memory area reserved for the memory window. You do this by adding a parameter (e.g. X=DOOO-D7FF) to your memory manager command line. The preceding example excludes 32K of upper memory starting at address 0000. You should consult your memory manager documentation for the correct syntax and the drive documentation will contain the size required as well as location options. Once you do this you will need to re-optimize your memory manager using a utility like OEMM's OPTIMIZE or Microsoft's MEMMAKER to reconfigure your system.

Another area is detecting unused IROs. While some IROs are associated with specific hardware, others may be used by software. There is nothing in your PC that prevents two devices from using the same IRO, however, if they need it at the same time, your system will most likely crash.

Fortunately PC Card controllers can use the upper IROs from 8-15 and it is usually possible to find two available there. This problem can also occur with 1/0 addresses, but fortunately since there are many more of these it is usually easy to find an unused one. If you have problems with the initial installation, this is usually a good place to look in order to resolve them. (Again, this installation can be non-trivial. If you have problems installing your PC Card drive, call the manufacturer's technical support number.)

Some Definitions

Upper Memory Window: The PC has an area of memory that resides from 640K to 1024K called Upper Memory. This is used by your display, BIOS,and Operating System to store code and data. A PC Card drive requires a portion of this area to act like a shipping area. Data sent and received from the card is put into this area. This area cannot be used by other programs and therefore your Memory Manager needs to be told to leave it alone by 'excluding' it. This window is located between address COOO and EFFF.

I/O Address: PCs have a range of input/output, 1/0, Addresses that are used to communicate with most of the accessories that you can add. Items such as hard drives, modems, sound cards, network cards, SCSI cards, etc. need these addresses to send and receive data and commands.

Since a PC Card drive accepts cards that perform these functions, it must be given a set of 1/0 addresses to use. These addresses usually are between 100 and 3FF and cannot be shared with other devices.

IRQs: Interrupt Request lines are like doorbells that are designed to get the CPUs attention when certain devices have data ready for it. Each PC has 161ROs that are numbered from 0 to 15 with 0 being given the highest priority. Your keyboard, serial ports, and mouse are examples of devices that need to own a unique IRO to get the CPU to service it. A PC Card drive needs one IRO to be able to tell the CPU when you have removed or inserted a card. A second IRO is needed for modem and network cards to inform the CPU that data is ready to be picked up since it is originating from an external modem or PC. Generally IROs from 10 to 15 can be used for PC Card drives. door, while not a requirement; provides a cleaner appearance and helps keep foreign objects out.

Two and four slot drives are now available. I would recommend the two slot drive as the most reliable and best value as a second controller is not required. Some models allow installation of the second drive in the back of the Pc.

Then you have to fight with all the serial and parallel cables at the rear





USE Adding card drives to your desktop

panel to insert a PC Card, so it doesn't make much sense to me.

However, if you have no free drive bays, you have no other choice if you want to add an internal drive.

The four-slot models with the rear insertion drive have tremendous resource requirements, and I have not found this setup to be reliable .

A few final purchasing tips .

Don't purchase any drive that cannot be returned. If you are buying from a dealer, bring the cards you use and have him demonstrate that they will work. A good test is to insert and immediately access the card. There should be a small delay but otherwise the drive should work without a problem.

The Future

The future brings a feature called

"Plug-n-Play" to your PC , which is designed to allow you to add drives easily by including the PC

Card software in the operating system. PC Card support is already included in IBM's OS/2 and Microsoft's Windows95 operating systern. "Plug and Play," also refers to

PC Cards that provide their own resources, that can be inserted and used without installing special drivers. PC Card support is growing .

There is no question that adding it to your desktop PC greatly enhanc es your ability and efficiency when working with portable and

Palmtop PCs .

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50-61 and Product Index, page 63.

Sharewarelfreeware index page 64.

Using PC Cards and Drives with Windows 95



is supposed to make life easier with


Card devices.


does, and it doesn't! Here's the inside scoop.

By Mark Scardina

"Plug-and-play" refers to the ability of a PC Card to slip into a card drive and work, without the convoluted process of modifying configuration files and changing computer settings. Windows 95 comes close to bringing plug-and-play support to your desktop Pc. This is important to Palmtop users because many transfer files between their Palmtop and desktop PC via a PC Card drive. As the sidebar on page 40 testifies, installing a PC Card drive in a desktop PC is not always a trivial event.

Windows 95 comes with support for a wide range of PC Cards and controllers. This means that once you've installed Windows 95 on your desktop, you can (in most cases) eliminate the PC Card drivers in your CONFIG.5YS file. This frees up a significant amount of memory. Microsoft worked with

Systemsoft (a company specializing in PC Card drivers) to provide 32bit drivers to support the full range of PC Cards. However, there are some significant gaps in this support.

Prior to Windows 95, the software needed to make PC Cards and drives work was installed by a desktop's CONFIG.SYS file.

Whenever you turn on, or reboot a desktop PC, it looks for the CON-

FIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT files and uses the commands in them to configure the computer. If you had

PC Card support prior to Windows

95, you'll notice that installing

Windows 95 did not change the drivers listed in your CONFIG.5YS file . You need to do this using a new Windows 95 feature called

"Card Wizard." Once you've installed Windows 95, activate the

Help application under the Start button and enter the PCMCIA option. This opens a window containing a button that starts the

Window's Card Wizard. This option removes the PCMCIA drivers in your CONFIG.SYS file and installs 32 bit PC Card support, freeing up memory and increasing performance.

The PC Card drivers built into

Windows 95 provide support for the AT A FlashRAM cards manufactured by SanDisk and marketed by a number of other vendors.

Windows 95 also supports ATA hard drives as well as support for fax/modem cards. In addition,

Windows 95 provides support for many network cards including

3Com, Xircom, Silicom, and Socket .

You will note that I haven't mentioned SRAM cards . Windows 95 does not support SRAM cards, but we'll discuss that later . Lets look at how Windows 95 handles ATA cards and their drive letters.


Adding Support for AT A Cards

Upon inserting an ATA card or drive into a desktop PC, Windows

95 "looks" at the device and attempts to identify it. The only

ATA card type that Windows 95 recognizes is the "SanDisk AT A

Flash Disk." If you have another type of Flash card, such as the ACE

DoubleFlash Plus card, you need to change some settings. The first time you insert a non-ATA Flash card a dialog box appears. Select the "Other Drivers" option and then select the San Disk FlashDisk option . This option emulates other

Flash cards and will allow you to read them in the card drive . If you accidently select the wrong card option, you may have problems reading the card. Go to the Device

Manager and delete the corresponding Hard Disk Controller .

Then insert the card again and follow the above instructions.

Making Your Drives Removable

A "removable" drive only appears if there is a card in the slot.

Windows 95 does not make the card drives removable by default .

This means that the drive letter for a PC Card drive still appears in applications like Explorer even if the card is not in the slot. PC Cards can be configured to be removable.

Select the following menu sequence to get to the appropriate dialog box: Start, Settings, Control

Panel, Device Manager, Disk

Drives Generic IDS Disk, Removable. (You can also assign a drive ' letter at this point for the card.)

Once you have done this for each

AT A card or drive, you should see the drive appear and disappear based on insertion and removal.

Adding SRAM Card Support

Windows 95 does not provide 32 bit support for SRAM cards. In order to use them, you must add two device drivers to your CON-

FIG.SYS as follows: device=c : \windows\syslem\csmapper.sys device=c : \windows\syslem\carddrv .



The variable "n" at the end of the second command line equals the number of physical slots on your


The drive letters assigned to the slots for SRAM cards are different from those used for ATA cards.

For example, to read your AT A

FlashDisk, you would insert it in the card drive and look for a specific drive letter (say, "L" for this example). To read your SRAM card, you would remove the

FlashDisk, insert the SRAM card in the same physical card drive, and look for the card as a different drive letter (say, "M" for this example).

PC Cards use a version of Stacker to as much as double the file storage capacity of a card. If you are using Stacker there are normally two ways to access your card.

Stacker 4.1 supports Windows

95 and will theoretically support compressed cards. Unfortunately, the Stacker driver is loaded by the

CONFIG.5YS file before Windows

95 starts up. This means that

Stacker looks for the PC Card drives before Windows 95 loads the software necessary to find them. Stacker can't find the drivers or the cards in the drives . The only way around this is the use the old

PC Card drivers and load them from

CONFIG.5YS before the Stacker driver loads in CONFIG.5YS


Finally, if you do not need

Palmtop support, you can compress your card with DriveSpace, a

Windows 95 file compression utility much like Stacker. DriveSpace will work properly with the 32 bit drivers in Windows 95. However,

PC Cards compressed with

DriveSpace cannot be read on the

HP Palmtops.

Card Support Under DOS

Contrary to popular opinion,

Windows 95 does not do away with DOS. There are several ways to get to a DOS prompt under

Windows 95, and all but one will allow you to access your PC Card drive.

The "MS-DOS mode" option unloads Windows 95 entirely. This option completely eliminates the

PC Card support that was loaded by Windows 95 .

If you need PC

Card support from DOS at this point, you need to set it up in your

CONFIG.SYS file, using the original drivers that came with the PC

Card drive. (You may find that this approach produces a slow down in drive access speed. This is because

Windows 95 is running in

"Compatibility mode" and is switching from 32 bit to 16 bit mode to access the drives. You can circumvent this slow down by adding the PCMCIA driver file names to the \ WINDOWS\IOS.INI file .

The Future· PC Card Standards

Throughout this article I have talked about 32 bit driver support.

Do not confuse this with the new

32 bit PC Card standard . The distinction is that the new PC Card standard describes a physical card slot that is 32 bits wide and a controller that moves data 32 bits at a time . The 32 bit PC Card drivers mentioned in this article are small software programs that let the computer talk to the PC Card via the card drive . These 32 bit drivers use the full capabilities of computers with 32 bit CPUs . They make faster disk access possible because they eliminate the need for the system to switch to the 16 bit DOS compatibility mode when accessing a card drive.

Using file compression software on your PC Card

If you are currently using compression software on your PC Card,

Windows 95 is going to make your life much more complicated. Many

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50·61 and Product Index, page 63.





PC Card Recommendations

Consider these points before purchasing a


Card and you'll be more satisfied with the outcome.


Hal Goldstein

PC Memory cards

1. Get as large a card as you can comfortably afford.

As time goes by you'll discover more programs or data that you would like readily available on your Palmtop.


At least purchase a small

SRAM card to back up your

Important files.

There is always a chance you will mistakenly delete a key file (eg your PHONE or APPT book), batteries will run out, or files on the C drive get corrupted.

If you have no regular means of backing up your

C drive, at the very least you should purchase a small SRAM card for this purpose. A 128K,

512K, or 1 MB SRAM card retails for between $35 to $175. Just be sure to change your SRAM card's battery every year.


In most cases you are better off buying a Flash card than a

SRAM card.

Unless you are on a tight budget or only need a small amount of disk space for backup purposes, Flash cards are a better investment. The cost per megabyte of a Flash card is considerably cheaper than a SRAM card, especially for larger capacity

Flash cards. In addition to cost, the major disadvantage of a SRAM card is that it requires a battery to maintain its data where files saved to a Flash card are permanent until deleted by the user .

On the plus side, SRAM cards are cheaper if you only need 128K,

512K, or 1MB of storage space .

SRAM is also faster than Flash .

4. Avoid using disk compression software on your SRAM or Flash card unless really necessary.

If you need to maximize storage space on your memory card;

Stacker, Diet ii , or ACE Double-

Flash software offer safe solutions.

With compression software you can store approximately 1.5 to 2.5 times the data that you can normally store on a PC Card. However, there are four to five significant reasons why you might not want to use disk compression software.

First of all, disk compression software appropriates valuable

System RAM memory. This means that if you are using disk compression software; you are more likely to receive an "out of memory" message when trying to open an additional System Manager application. For example, if you have 1-2-3, PHONE, and APPT open, you may not have enough room to open MEMO because of the System RAM that the disk compression software borrows.


A second reason to hesitate using disk compression software is that it may slow the Palmtop down a bit. This is especially true for those storing large phone books or data base files on a compressed PC

Card. Normal operations, such as searching, saving and using subsets can bog down significantly on a compressed card.

Thirdly, by using disk compression software on a PC Card, you may limit the number of devices that can access that particular card. For example, I have a PC

Card drive in both my desktop computer at work and at home, and I have an HP OmniBook with

PC Card drives. I frequently swap files between all these machines using a memory card. In addition, I often use a memory card to give fellow HP Palmtop Paper editors a copy of a file for testing on their

Palmtops, or for editing on their desktop Pc. If I used compression software on my Palmtop's PC

Card, all of the above mentioned systems would also have to use that software to read my card.

Fourthly, compression software is not seamless. Some technical expertise may be needed either initially, for reinstallation, or for troubleshooting potential conflicts with other programs.

Finally, although disk compression software has pretty much passed the test of time, the issue of data safety cannot be totally ignored . Disk compression adds an extra layer of complexity, and that

increases the possibility (however small) of files or disks getting inadvertently corrupted.

Despite all these objections, many users find disk compression software both economical and practical. You must weigh the pros and cons to come up with what makes sense to you.

5. Find out the actual non-compressed capacity of the PC Card you purchase.

ACE, SanDisk, and an increasing number of PC Card vendors advertise their cards in terms of their approximate total compressed capacity rather than the card's physical disk space. If you're shopping around for the best price, you need to know whether the price you're being quoted is for a 20MB card with file compression, or a 10MB without compression.

6. Get a PC Card drive for your desktop.

I haven't used a Palmtop

Connectivity Cable in years. I transfer and backup Palmtop files by inserting my Palmtop's PC Card into my desktop PC Card drive. I log onto my desktop's D drive and copy, save, or delete files using regular DOS commands.

If you have an empty drive bay and I/O slot in your PC, and are willing to spend 30-60 minutes installing a drive, I recommend, purchasing an internal PC Card drive as opposed to an external drive that attaches to your parallel

(or serial) port. The advantage of the external PC Card drives is that they are easier to install and their software drivers take less system

RAM. However, internally mounted drives are faster than external ones and I found I was quickly spoiled by the harddisk-like speed.

Internal PC Card drives tend to be less expensive than their external cousins. They are available

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ROM·based software Is easier to use and access, but Is

Inflexible and more expensive.

ROM cards are PCMCIA memory cards that can be read from, but not written to. Some manufacturers make their software available on

ROM cards. HP offers a Dictionary /Thesaurus ROM card (HP

F100SA) and a company called

Pocket Consultant offers a series of

ROM-card-based software programs. (Note: Some subscribers have reported problems getting merchandise they have ordered from Pocket Consultant. In addition, we have had difficulty contacting Pocket Consultant recently.)

Usually all you have to do with ROM card software is plug it in and perhaps perform a simple instruction to be up and running.

However, due to the cost of the

ROM card itself, prices tend to be

If you're on the run and writing with your HP Palmtop, then the

GeoPro Clipboard is for you. In car, on a jet, at work or at home, use your HP Palmtop in ways you never dreamed,

In places you never imagined! higher than software on floppy disk. Another disadvantage of

ROM card-based software is that you can't use your PC Card slot for anything else while using the card.

If you want to access more than one DOS program or have large data storage needs, you may be better off copying the ROM card software and other desired programs on to another larger capacity memory card, or the C drive to avoid switching PC Cards back and forth. In some, but not all cases, ROM-based software can be copied. (This is not the case with the Hewlett-Packard Dictionary /Thesaurus card. The ROM card must be present in the card slot for the software to run.)

8. HP 95LX users should verify that the memory card works in their Palmtop.

Any PCMCIA SRAM card should work in any HP Palmtop. Some

SanDisk Flash cards will work on the HP 9SLX, and some won't.

IBM Flash cards and future Flash cards probably won't work with the HP 9SLX. In any case check with the vendor before purchase.







9. There are two "classes" of

Flash cards - make sure the vendor guarantees the card will work with your Palmtop.

The HP 100/200LX automatically recognizes SanDisk and IBM AT A

Flash disks. SanDisk and IBM are the only two manufacturers of commercially available ATA Flash cards as of this writing. ACE,

Epson, and other Flash card vendors put their label on these cards, and in some cases add their own software enhancements. The HP

95LX can use some SanDisk ATA cards with special driver software.

Do not purchase non-ATA Flash cards (usually less expensive), unless the manufacturer or vendor verifies the card works with the HP

Palmtops with custom driver software. Find out how much System

RAM the custom driver takes and whether you will be able to read the card in other systems before purchase.

Input/Output cards

(Fax/modem and other cards)

10. Don't purchase any I/O card unless the manufacturer guarantees it works with HP


Make sure the manufacturer has tested the card. Due to power and software issues, unless the vendor indicates otherwise, LAN, SCSI, or Sound

PC Cards do not work with an HP

Palmtop. In addition, not all fax/ modem cards work with HP 100/

200LX. The New Media PalmModem is the only fax/modem card available that works with the HP 95LX.

11. Not all fax/modem card software works with the HP


Some fax/modem cards come with

Windows-based fax and communications software, and this is useless on the HP Palmtops. In addition, you must be aware of how much


THE HP PALMTOP PAPER PC CARD REVIEW 1995 disk space the fax or communications software occupies. (The builtin COMM and cc:MAIL software may suit your communications needs, although both programs are limited). Most fax software is relatively large, and remember that if you are using a fax/modem card, you're limited to the internal memory of the Palmtop for file storage.

You may want to purchase compact fax software such as SSF AXER separately.

12. We recommend fax/ modem cards designed with

HP Palmtops In mind, or at the least, cards In which a third party provides a custom HP

Palmtop solution.

We are particularly excited about the fax/modem/memory cards offered by EXP and Smart (see page 11). These cards offer fax and communications solution congruent with the size and philosophy of the always available HP Palmtop.

If you have enough room on the C drive for your fax and communications software, you might also consider the ACE Megahertz card with ACE-FAX, which offers a compact solution.

13. When purchasing a fax/ modem card, consider all the variables.

When you are ready to purchase a

PC Fax/Modem Card, consider hardware compatibility, software compatibility, software disk space required, modem speed, fax speed, ease-of-use, ease-of-learning, and price. Also, consider the physical design of the unit. For example, the

Megahertz Xjack cards connect directly to the RJ-ll cable that connects your phone to the wall socket. Most other fax/ modem cards require an adapter or adapting cable between them and the RJ-11 phone cable. Finally, consider the quality of tech support offered and whether your vendor will take your unit back without hassle if you are displeased with it.

14. Consider using an external portable fax/modem Instead of a card.

There are a number of external portable fax/modems available

'and can be connected to your

Palmtop's serial port. You can then store fax or communications software on a PC Memory Card and have room on the card for uploading or downloading files and E-

MAIL. External fax/modems can be less expensive than card modems, but are bulkier and require that you carry around extra cables, adapters and a charger. (Shier Systems, phone: 805-498-6786, fax: 805-

498-8174, provides custom modem cables for HP Palmtops.)

General Advice

15.1 recommend purchasing your PC Card from one of our advertisers.

I say this not to be self-serving, but as practical advice. Any company who advertises (especially over time) in The HP Palmtop Paper has shown its commitment to the HP

Palmtop market. These companies are, at the least, HP Palmtop-aware and are most likely to provide the proper documentation, support, and testing for their PCMCIA Card product on the HP Palmtops.

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50-61 and Product Index, page 63

SharewarelFreeware index page 64.

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An absolute necessity for third-party developers and a goldmine of useful and interesting information and software for the dedicated amateur , the Developer's

Package contains everything you need to write software , design hardware , or simply understand the inner workings of the HP Palmtops .

The HP 1001200LX Developer's Guide has been cleaned up and revised and contains new information on DOS; PCMCIA cards ; System Manager Event

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TSRs that can be started by System Manager or by a third party application.

The Developer's Disk contains 139 files. They include programs and information for creating .EXM programs;

The HP 100LXI HP 200LX

Developer's Guide

Object and library files for use with C and assembler compilers; lOW-level graphics support; an Icon viewer / editor and many other tools and info files, plus programming samples.

The PAL Disk (Palmtop Application Library) provides what you need to give your DOS application the look and feel of the built-in Palmtop applications .

In addition, the Developer's Package includes 3

Marketing Kits to help you sell your product once you've created it. And, a Special Reprint of The HP

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Use File Compression and Maximize File Storage on your PC Card


Mark Scardina and Hal Goldstein

What is

Data Compression?

S torage space on the HP

Palmtops, like precious real estate, can be expensive and limited. The use of data (file) compression programs can mean significant disk space savings on the Palmtop's PC Card (A) drive and internal (C) drive.

Data compression software lets you store the same information

(data files and program files) in less space. However, many data and program files have a lot of empty space and redundant information in them. If we could reduce the size of the data and program files we use on our HP Palmtops, we would have that much more space left over for other files.

There are two significant disadvantages to data compression. First, loading and saving files can be slower because a file must be decompressed before it can be used by an application. Secondly, the compression! decompression program occupies some disk space.

In addition, it usually requires extra disk space for temporary or permanent file storage. Some programs require extra system RAM to perform compression.

File Compression Programs

Stacker is the most popular file compression program available and is pre-installed on many commercial

Flash cards, including ACE's Double

Flash cards. Once installed (see sidebar), it automatically compresses



Installing Stacker 4.0 and 4.1 on your HP Palmtop

[Note: Stacker 4.1 is an upgrade that primarily takes care of some Windows95 issues. The instruc-

(ions below were tested on version 4.0, but should work with 4.1.)

Before providing you with step by step instructions, you should be aware that the Stacker 4.0 and 4.1 license is granted for one PC per copy and thaf your 100/200LX requires its own copy. If you have Stacker 3.0 on your Palmtop and want to upgrade to 4.0 or 4.1, purchase a full copy of the product, do not purchase the Stacker Upgrade package. This package is designed for DOS 6.0 or greater users and does not provide the necessary programs for use on your 100i200LX.

While there are various methods to create a StacKer drive on your card, the following method is the easiest and most reliable. This method creates a 'bootable' card and allows you to reboot your

HP 100/200LX without Stacker by simply removing your card:

1. Start with a freshly formatted memory card.

2. Using MEMO or a DOS text editor create A:\CONFIG.SYS with the following lines: device=a:\ files=30 buffers=6 shell=d:\dos\ /p d : \dos

(If you are using MEMO make sure you save this in ASCII format. Make sure there is an empty space before ana after


3. Using the same editor create A:\STACKERINI with the following lines:




(Once again make sure you save it in ASCII format. This file was new to Stacker 4.0 and is used in lieu of the command line parameters. IP=10 sets Stacker to MAXSPACE. The IAUTO allows your card to auto-mount when inserted . RP stands for Replaceable Drive, which is what your card is.)

4. Copy STACKER.COM to your A drive. Also copy any other device driver programs that appear on the lines BEFORE the Stacker device line in the CONFIG.SYS file . The files stored on this unstacked portion of the RAM card will not be accessible once Stacker loads unless you unmount the card or boot without Stacker.

TIP: If you have DIET 1.4x, you can compress STACKER COM with the following command line:




5. Copy the following Stacker files from your Stacker disk to your C drive :




6. Enter the following command from the DOS prompt with System Manager terminated:

C:> CREATE A: / S=O / R=2.5

This will create a hidden STACVOL.DSK file on your memory card.

7. Reboot your 100/200LX and you should have a new A drive. At this point you can create an

AUTOEXEC.BAT on A and erase the Stacker files on C.

One final note. Under Stacker 4.0 and 4.1 there is no longer the inconsistency between the space remaining as reported by CHKDSK and that reported by DIR This is because Stacker actually changes the reported number of sectors on the disk based on its current average compression ratio. This is just

'smoke and mirrors' and you should continue to regard the remaining space figure as an estimate.

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406·,87·9170 and decompresses files without attention from the user .

Before deciding whether to use

Stacker, ask yourself these questions:


Do I use all of the capacity on my

PC memory card?

2. Do I frequently have to close applications to open others?

3. Is the physical size of my card

5MB or more?

If you answered Yes to questions 1


3, you should seriously consider using Stacker on your Flash card. If you answered No to 1 or 3, or Yes to question 2, you many not need

Stacker .

DIET ii, another popular compression utility, can be used to manual- , ly compress individual .COM and


EXE program files . In addition, it can be installed as a memory-resident utility that automatically compresses and decompresses files to your internal C drive or PC Card.

Once installed, DIET will automatically recompress previously compressed files, including data files for the built-in programs MEMO,

PHONE, etc.

[A more complete description of DIET and installation instructions can be found on page 20 of the Jan/Feb




Also helpful is the documentation to DIET found in the


Subscribers Disk and various



related files found in the


HAND Forum of CompuServe.]

Microsoft's DoubleSpace compression utility cannot be used on the 100/200LX because it requires

MS-DOS 6.0 or better and the

Palmtops have DOS 5 .


PKZIPii is a popular shareware file compression program. We use it to compress and archive the files on



Palmtop Paper




PKZIP has many options, but it is possible to make use of this program using a few of its basic options, and learn more about advanced features as you need them. PKZIP can compress an individual file so it takes up less space, or archive a number of files into a single compressed file .

PKLite ii Like DIET, this shareware program can compress executable files (with .EXE and .









Technology In Motion




Card Readers

extensions). It adds a small amount of extraction code at the beginning of the compressed executable file .

When you want to run the program that has been compressed, all you do is type its name at the DOS prompt . It automatically uncompresses and runs. The compressing process does not change the operation of the program at all, it merely reduces the disk space required to store it.

PKLite will run on any IBM

PC/ compatible with DOS 2.0 or higher .

LHA i j is a freeware file compression and archival program. We used it to compress and create self extracting files on the 1993 and

1994 Subscriber's PowerDisk.

Pricing and contact information,

Third Party Products, pages 50·61 and Product Index, page 63.

Sharewarelfreeware index 64.

Also Available: ATA, Hard Drives, & Mask ROM!




National Sales Office (714) 851·8242

17702 Mitchell North, Irvine, CA 92714 Fax: (714) 851·8249



This section lists PC Cardrelated products and includes hardware, software, books, and services of interest to IfP

Palmtop users . The icons above the product name indicate which Palmtop the product is suitable for : for the


for the 100 j 200LX. If there is no icon, check the product type introduction


see whether


applies to all or some Palmtops, or to desktop PCs . Suggested r etail prices are listed.

We invite vendors and subscribers to send us informa t i on about IfP Palmtop related products they discover. We rely on information we receive from the manufacturer and cannot t e st every piece of hardware or software. We welcome any user feedback on product suitability.

By Paul Merrill and Richard Ifall


This section describes PC

Card-related hardware products, and lists memory cards, card readers, I/O cards such as fax/modem cards, PCMCIA developers kits, and more.





100 / 200L ~

[A wide variety of PC Card memory cards are available .

All cards listed below work with 95/100/200LX unless otherwise indicated.]




ACE Technologies markets

SRAM and Flash "Double" cards with compression software built in. The card capacities listed are approximations reflecting expected storage with compression software (e.g., a Doublecard

2MB is a 1MB SRAM card with file compression software installed). ACE offers the following cards.

Doublecards SRAM cards requiring a battery for data retention. Doublecards come with compression software built in and work with any HP Palmtop. They range from the DoubleCard

1MB ($109) to the Double-

Card 4MB ($289). ACE also has uncompressed SRAM cards available.

DoubleFlash San-

Disk AT A Flash cards with compression and battery management software built in. They work with any HP

Palmtop and range from the

DoubleFlash 3MB ($179) to the DoubleFlash 40MB ($839).

DoubleFlash+ IBM

AT A FlashRAM cards with built-in file compression and battery management software . These are the newest

Flash card technology with close to SRAM read/write performance. They work with the 100/200LX but not the 95LX. They range from the DoubleFlash+ 6MB

($229) to the DoubleFlash+

80MB ($1,249).

[See advertising, back cover.]

CONTACT: ACE Technologies, Inc.


592 Weddell Drive,


Sunnyvale, CA

94089, USA; Phone: 800-825-9911 or

408-134-0100; FaX' 408-134-3344.


MelDory Cards

Adtron offers SRAM, Flash,

ATA Flash and hard drive



PC Cards. Prices vary.

CONTACT: Adtron Corp.

, 3050 S.

Country Club Dr. Suite

24 ,

Mesa , AZ

85210, USA ; Phone: 602-926-9324 ;

FaX' 602-926-9359.


MelDory Cards

AMP offers Flash-5 Flash memory cards that have a program / erase algorithm and sector sizes of 128 to 512 bytes, allowing you to access, modify, and save data faster than conventional Flash memory cards.

The software needed for the

HP Palmtops to read the

Flash-5 cards is preinstalled on the card. However, you must modify your Palmtop's CONFIG.SYS file to read the cards. Contact vendor for prices.

CONTACT: AMP Product Information


P. 0.

Box 3608 M I S 38-03, Harrisburg, PA 11105-3608, USA; Phone:

800-522-6152; Fax: 111-986-1515.


MelDory Cards

Card well's SRAM PC Cards use low power chips and include an internal auxiliary battery , ensuring data retention during main battery replacement.

Cardwell also has Flash cards available for the HP

100 / 200LX .


IMBSRAM .............. $169

2MB SRAM ....




1MB Rash . .............. $129

2MB Rash ......


........ $119

4MB Rash ............... $249

CONTACT: Cardwell International

Corporation, 110 Blue Ravine Road,



Folsom, CA 95630-4112 ,

USA; Phone: 916-985-1880; Fax:



MelDory Cards

The ReCharge Card is a

Type I SRAM card with a fully rechargeable data backup battery. A built-in charging circuit active during operation keeps the

ReCharge Card operational for years without replacing the battery. Available in

256K to 4MB capacities

(lMB - $159, 2MB - $259,

4MB - $749) .

Centennial also offers the Palm Flash cards in capacities from 256K to 2MB

(lMB - $110, 2MB - $185).

Flash filing system software must be installed on the

100/200LX in order for the

Palmtop to read these cards.

CONTACT: Centennial Tech., Inc., 31

Manning Road, Billerica, MA 01821,

USA; Phone: 800-942-0018 or 508-

610-0646, ' Fax: 508-610-9025.

DIP SystelDs

United KingdolD

PC Card Distributor

DIP offers a range of PC

Card products including memory and SRAM cards, modems, CD-ROM drives,

SCSI, RS232, and card drives. DIP is a distributor for IBM, Mitsubishi, Epson,

Nokia, ActionTec, EXP,

SCM and Databook. PC

Card product directory with

40 PC Card products available on request.

CONTACT: DIP Systems, Units 1-2,

The Technology Centre, Weston Farm ,

Albury, Surrey, GU59BX, ENGLAND.

Envoy Data

MelDory Cards

Envoy offers SRAM and

AT A Flash cards and SRAM and ATA Industrial Grade cards (sealed to protect against environment and extreme operating temperatures). Regular and Industrial Grade SRAM cards come in capacities up to

2MB (2MB: $239/$349).

Regular Flash cards come in capacities from 5MB ($289) to 80MB ($2,495) . Add $250 to upgrade to Industrial


Envoy also offers Flash memory cards, with built in

True Flash File System , for the HP 100/200LX . Flash memory card capacities range from 1MB ($66) to

40MB ($1,355).

[See advertising, page 7.]

CONTACT: Envoy Data Corporation ,

953 East Juanita Avenue, Suite A ,

Mesa, AZ 85204, USA; Phone: 602 -

892-0954; FaX' 602-892-0029.





MelDory Cards

Epson offers SRAM (512K to

2MB, $139 to $299) and ATA

Flash cards (2.5MB to 20MB,

$349 to $1,299) for the HP


CONTACT: Epson Connection, 20110

Madrona Ave., Torrance, CA 90509,

USA,' Phone: 800-289-3118; Epson

Accessories: 800-813-1188: Canada:

800-483-1186,' Latin America: 305-285-

0092,' Fax 310-182-4401.

UP MelDory Cards

Hewlett-Packard Company provides AT A Flash disk cards with Stacker file compression software preloaded. HP offers the following AT A Flash disk cards for the HP Palmtops and Omnibook (uncompressed capacity) 5MB

($359), 10MB ($559) and

20MB ($949).

[See advertising, page 33.]

CONTACT: HP Dealers worldwide. HP memory cards are also available from selected third-party vendors.

Magi(! RAM

MelDory Cards

SRAM memory cards manufactured by Magic RAM come with dual battery protection, preventing loss of data during replacement of the primary battery.

Available in 512K ($89),

1MB ($139) and 2MB ($269) capacity .

A T A Flash memory cards are available in capacities from 5MB ($279) to

40MB ($1,195). Cards require no battery to maintain data and come with compression software installed on the card that allows you to double your card's native capacity.

Withstands shock to l,OOOg's and comes in laser welded stainless steel case.

CONTACT: Magic RAM, 1850 Beverly

Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90051, USA, '

Phone :


Fax : 213-413-


Maxtor Flash

MelDory Cards

The MobileMax Flash Memory

Card product line consists of a series of Type I Flash memory

PC Cards in capacities of 1MB to 20MB. MobileMax cards come with Flash filing system software installed on the card.

Insert the card into the memory card slot of a 95LX or 100/

200LX and type A:INST ALL from the DOS prompt. The

MobileMax card configures itself for your system.

CONTACT: Maxtor Corporation, 211

River Oaks Parkway, San Jose, CA

95134, USA ,' Phone: 800-282-9881 or

408-432-1100,' Fax: 408-432-4510;

Telex: 111014.

New Media

Flash Cards

New Media offers SRAM cards available in capacities from 256K to 2MB.

CONTACT: New Media Corporation,

One Technology, Building A, Irvine, CA

92118, USA,' Phone: 800-453-0550 or

114-453-0100,' Fax 114 453-0114.


MelDory Cards

Offers SRAM, linear and

ATA Flash cards from 1MB to 40MB. Compression software optional. Prices range from $130 to $1,500. Call for current pricing.

CONTACT: PalmTree Products, Inc.,

145 Washington Street, Norwell, MA

02081, USA, ' Phone: 8/1-811-1050,'

Fax 8/1-811-8018.

PC Card


Through Peripherals


Peripherals Direct is a distributor for Adtron PC Card drives, SanDisk FlashDisks and Drives, Quatech I/O and Data Acquisition PC cards, Calluna Data Storage

Devices and ActionTec I/O

PC cards.

CONTACT: Peripherals Direct, 3350

Scott Blvd.,Bldg


Santa Clara ,CA,

95054, USA, ' Phone: 800-124-3000 or

408-121-2600 (Prima Internationa!),'

Fax: 408-121-2435.






Those interested in participating in an HP Palmtop users group should contact the following individuals. Send us contact information fomnatted as below if you wish to be added as a contact for a users group in your area.

Los Angeles, CA (USA) 95lXIllXY2OOLX users in the LA area should contact:


Arlington, VA I Washington, DC (USA) 95LX1100'200l.X users in the Artington.

VA I Washington. DC area contact: Rick Shaddock,

clo Computer Instructors

CoIporaIion, 2320 SouII1 £ads. At/ingIDn. VA,.?aa:l?,' Phone 103-48{N!222.

AUSTRIA 95LX1100/2ooLX users in Austria should contact: Ulli

Hoesch, A-


Vienna, PO. Box 50, HP-Club, AUSTRIA; Fax: +431115443224,

New Jersey/New York (USA) 95LX110012ooLX users in the New Jersey/New

York area. Contact: Stanley Dobrowski, 169 Springfield Avenue, Rutherford,


01011J.1642; CIS 10:[11031,2162J,' Phone: 201-lJ(}1-5851 (work).

Oklahoma City, OK (USA) 9511001200LX users in the Oklahoma City area.

Contact: Richard


Meek, 1804 Huntington, Oklahoma City. OK



Residentiat Phone: 405-842-1261.

Cleveland, OH (USA) 95l.X/100'200l.X users in the Cleveland area should contact: Craig de

FasseIIe, do MEM, Inc., 4702 East 355th St, Willoughby, OH 44094.

Boston, MA (USA) 95LX11001200LX users in the Boston area should contact:

Bryan Krauthamer,' Phone: 611-314-9600 x


(work); Fax: 811-314-9620;

ConpuServe 10:[1OoI44,41j.

BRAZIL 9511001200LX users in Brazil should contact: Marcos

L. Pedroza, Rua


641 Ap

104-8, 59020-150 Natal, RN-BRAZIL; Phone:

55 84 211-6162.

Denver, CO (USA) 95LX110012ooLX users in the Denver area should contact:

Bill Hoellgen,


S. Kipling, Suite 300. Lillleton, CO 80121 Phone: 303-

933-0023; Fax: 303-911-0341.

Group meets quarterty.

Detroit, MI (USA) 95LX11oo12ooLX users in the Detroit area should contact:

Jeff Zorn,

29311 AnJ-nel, Fanning/on HillS, MI48334-2815; Phone: 313-489-1855

(EST) or LouiS Peeples, St Clair Shores MI48080; Phone: 313-111-9390.

GERMANY HP PalmtCJ!l'(lmnlx>ok users in Germariy should contact: £ckatf





6429llJannsf1Jdl, GERMANY; Phon&'Fax:




LUXEMBOURG Not an officiaf user group but this individual is wiffing to halp HP Palmtop users with questions or technical problems; contact: Gilles


CompuServe 10: {IOOII4,3146}," Phone:




p.m. Central

Europeen tHnaJ

GREECE HP Palmtop users in Greace should contact: Stavros 0. ZachanJkos,




GREECE; Phone: (+3-01) 805OO4t; Mob/Ia Phone:


093-254-71124hrs.; Fax: (+3-01) 8050041 ..

HOLLANOIBELGIUM HP 95LX110012ooLX users in the low countries should contact: PROMPT HP-GC, Mister G. Dongs, Postbus lOllI, 1500 AB Z8andanl,

HOLLAND; Phone: +3115104205.

INDONESIA HP Handheld users (HP 75C, 110, 48. 12, 100/200LX) in

Indonesia should contact Dirk H. Eversbetl, clo P

T. Auslindo MilnJtan18, Mr. Elman

SunBlfio, JL Gunung


216£, Jakatfa 10610. INDONESIA.

ITALY 9511001200LX users in Italy should contact: Stefano Gigli, Via £


13·80123 Ancona, ITAL Y,' Phone: 011-36845 or 011-200916,' Fax: 011 200916,'

Intemet 10.' S. GiglifJagonJ.sfm./f; Fido-NetlO: 2:3321316.4.

Kansas (USA) 9511001200LX users in ltafy should contact: Mariethe Wilson,

PO. Box


Manhattan, KS 66502-0012, USA; Phone: 913-532-9115.

PANAMA I LATIN AMERICA - HP Palmtop users in Panama or Latin America should contact: Aviran Yanir, P.O. Box 31002 Colon Free Zone. REPUBLIC OF

PANAMA; Phone: 5074410442; Fax: 507·4410473.

PORTUGAL For 95LX11ool2OOLX users .. Contact: PPTUG, Rua da SFUAP, A-

B, 2810 Laranjeiro. PORTUGAL; Phone/Fax: 351-1-2597216; Internet: [email protected]

Richmond, VA (USA) For 95LX110012ooLX users in the Central Virginia area.

Contact: John Haskell, 1102 Three Chopt Road, Richmond, VA



10: [1015O,1243} or

Phone: 804-288-6013 (work).

San Diego, CA (USA) For lOO12OOL.X users in the


San Diego area.



Intemet gililzfJhdssrf.hiladli.crm; Workphone: 61!J.531-:xxxJ; Fax: 619-695-9501.

San FranciSCO, CA (USA) - S.PAM (SOCiety for Palmtop Advancement through

Meetings). For HP Palmtop users in the Bay Area, Northern California. Contact:

DenniS Dodd, CompuServe 10: [1330t.3214}," Phone: 4/5-592 3910.

Seattle, WA (USA) For HP Palmtop and Handheld users in the Puget Sound area. Contact: Kent Peterson, 360


W. Dogwood, A-20I, Issaquah, WA 98021.

CIS 10: [12310,2114},"lntemel' peterson fJ; Phone: 206-392-3123.

SRI LANKA HP Palmtop users in Sri Lanka should contact: Francois Smith,

Colombo Rd. 71411. Seaduwa. SRI LANKA; Phone/Fax: 94.1.453447.

SOUTH AFRICA HP PalmtopiOmnibook users in South Africa should contact:

James Oeen. CIS 10: [10114,613},"lntemet address:;

Phone: (OIl) 806-1362 (O/H); Fax: (OIl) 806-1353.

SPAIN HP Palmtop users in Spain should contact: Delfin Arzua Mouronte,

Avda. Republica Argentina N 7 5Isda .• 34002 Palencia, ESPANA.

SWEDEN HP Pafmtop users in Sweden should oooIact:

Kenl/lemann, EiiIsbetfgsgaIa


114 ~Strx:idIdT!

SWEI)EN; Phone: (lNTJ86114885; Mt:d!J PI/one:


I/J: {1aJ315,2451},"1ntemet ak/

Cl: ..

Kenneth Matz,

Sturvevagen 8

B, 13338Sa1!sjobaden, Sweden; Phone: (INT) 8717799t; fotemet [email protected]

TURKEY HP Palmtop users in Turkey should contact: Ahmet G. Ozisik, Soysk

Binasi, 8uyvkdere Cad.


Mecidiyekoy, Istanbul8029O, TURKEY; Phone: (212)

2150910(ext. 309);Fax:(212)2115161.

UKRAINE For HP Palmtop users in the Ukraine, Odessa, Kiev. Climea regions.

Contact: Linetskvy

V. Oleg,


ValVarovsAy Spusk, Nikolaev, 321015, UKRAINE;

Phone: (051)

36·13-51 36-13-13;

Fax: (051) 24-41 25.




MelDor;r 4::ards

ActionTec offers dual battery SRAM in capacities from 128K ($54) to 4MB

($895) and AT A Flash cards

(by Epson) in capacities from 5MB ($345) to 20MB

($1,095). Non-ATA Flash cards are available from

256K ($60) to 16MB ($960) .

Epson Type III hard drives are available from 170MB

($499) to 260MB ($649) .

[See advertising, page 49.)

CONTACT : ActionTec Corporation,

National Sales Office, 17102 Mitchell

North, Irvine, CA, USA ; Phone: 714-

851-8242; Fax : 714-851-8249.



SBAM and Flash


Simple Technology offers

SRAM and Flash cards.

SRAM cards are available in capacities from 1MB ($200) to 2MB ( $400). Flash cards are available in capacities from 2MB ($280) to 16MB


CONTACT: Simple Technology, 3001

Daimler St., Santa Ana, CA 92705,

USA; Phone : 714-476-1180; Fax: 714-

476-1209 .


1 OO / 200LX :


EnviroDlDent 4::ards

This 80MB hermetically sealed ATA Flash "Sentinel" memory cards can withstand exposure to water immersion, moisture, rough handling, temperature and weather extremes, harsh industrial environments, and electromagnetic interference.

CONTACT: Raymond Engineering,

217 Smith Sl , Middletown, CT 06457-

9990 , USA; Phone: 203-632-4582 ;

Fax: 203-632-4329.

SanDisk Flash

MelDor;r 4::ards

San Disk FlashDisks are solid-state, non-volatile

Type II memory cards for storing, backing up or transporting data . Cards are

100 % PC Card AT A compatible and available in capacities of 1.8, 2 .

5, 5, 10, 20, and

40 MB. Optional Stacker data compression software is available to double the

FlashDisk's capacity. Flash-

Disks used in the HP LX and Omnibook series products are also fully compatible with most leading manufacturer's computers. Contact vendor for prices.

CONTACT : SanDisk cards are sold at numerous retail outlets including

Compu USA, Circuit Cdy, Fry's Electronics, Computer/and, Radio Shack, and NCA . They are also privately labeled by numerous firms, including :

Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Casio, Fujitsu ,

Seagate and Verbatim.

For more information, contact :

SanDisk (formally SunDisk) Corporation; Phone: 408-562-0595,' Fax : 408-





[Card drives add one or more

PC Card slots to your desktop

Pc. Two companies makes card readers that connects to a Macintosh SCSI port (see SCSI references below). When ordering a card drive, tell the vendor the type of computer you will be installing it in to confirm that it will work in that computer .

System software will have to be installed on your desktop so it can read the memory cards.

Without the appropriate device drivers some cards may not work in your Pc. All products are available now unless otherwise indicated .



4::ard Drives

Adtron makes a whole series of solid state Data Drives including external and internal single and dual card drives available in serial, parallel,

PC/104, ISA, IDE, and SCSI

Bus interfaces .

External Drive

Parallel interface .





Internal Drivel/DE interface

(memory storage only)

Single drive






. $195

Dual drive .....



Internal Dual Drive

(full support, memory and I/O cards)

Rear access

. ............

Front access







SCSI Bus Interface - Dual Slot


. .





..... . $350

External ............... . $450

COMPANY: Adtron Corp .

, 3050 S.

Country Club Dr., Suite


Mesa, AZ

85210, USA; Phone: 602 9j6-9324 ;

Fax: 602-926-9359.


Ex~hange Devi~e

Allows Palmtop users to easily transfer data files and applications between a desktop PC and the Palmtop. Accepts Type II and III

A T A Flash cards . Accommodates "hot insertion/removals."

This drive mounts internally in the same fashion as a floppy drive and comes complete with 16-pin interface, cabling, and Device Management Software.

Pricing :

Internal unit

. .





.. $99.95

CONTACT : ProTege Corporation,



La Palma, P.O

. Box 68031 ,

Anaheim , CA


USA; Phone :

800-995-4453 or 714-961-7030; Fax :





P4:: 4::ard


The Card Dock is a front load internal drive that fits in an empty 5 1/4" floppy drive bay. It supports PC cards, Types I, II and III .

The OutBack is a rear loading drive that fits in a

16-bit ISA AT slot and provides one PC Card slot. The

OutBack 2 is a rear loading drive that provides two PC

Card slots.

The PalmTop Adaptor converts Type I and II PC

Card slots so you can use

Type III cards . Used with the wall plug adaptor, it does not use the Palmtop's power.

[See advertising, page 34.)


CardDock .



CardDock 4-bay Drive ..




. .

















.. $99

Palm Top Adaptor'



... $99

• requires wall plug adaptor

. .... .


CONTACT: Greystone Peripherals

Inc .

, 130 A Knowles Drive, Los Gatos,

CA 95030, USA; Phone: 408-866-

4739; Fax : 408-866-8328.

4::ardLink Drive

The CL680 is an external card drive that connects to your desktop PC's parallel

(printer) port and accepts type I and II PC Cards. It reads both AT A Flash cards and SRAM memory cards.

[See advertising, page 27.)


.... ..






.. $189.95

CONTACT: Steele Creek Technolo gies, 14035 Appling Lane, Char/otte,



USA; Phone and Fax: 704-

588 1780.

4::ardPro Universal

4::ard Drives

Card Pro, available in internal or desktop versions provides the ability to read and write (as appropriate) to all types of PCMCIA-compatible memory cards, I/O cards and AT A hard drives.

Pricing starts at



. $349

CONTACT : DATA 10, 10525 Willows

Road N.E., P.O

. Box 97046, Redmond,

WA 98073-9746 , USA; Phone : 800 -

332-8246 or 206-867-6800; Fax: 206-



4::ard Drives

PC Card drives for portable and desktop PCs. Read Type

I, II and III cards.

CARDport Fax is an internal drive that connects to your desktop PC's ISA bus and lets you use PCM-

CIA fax\modem cards in your PC using standard software without the need to install additional system drivers.


CARDport eX is a battery-powered drive that plugs into the parallel port of any computer using a standard cable.

It will read from and write to SRAM,

Flash ROM, and PCMCIA hard drives. ComPort eX software allows use of PC

Card fax modems via the parallel port.

CARDport IDE is an internal card drive that connects to the IDE I/O controller cards and supports

PCMCIA ATA Type III hard drives .

CARDport ISA is a PC

Card drive in the form of a half-size PC expansion card, which plugs into the ISA

(AT) bus of your computer.

It provides two PC Card sockets: one at the front in a spare disk drive bay, and one at the rear of the computer. CARDport ISA supports all types of PC Cards, including hard disk drives, fax/modems, LANs, etc.

Pricing :

CARDport Fax .




..... $99

CARDport eX .





. $299

CARDport ISA ..






CARDportIDE ........... $119




Enrique, Morgan Hill CA, 95031, USA,.

Phone: 408-118-1160,· Fax: 408-119-

· 6558.


Thin{;ard Drive

External and internal drives transfer data between Palmtops and MS-DOS or MS-

Windows PCs. Internal drive also works with Windows 95.


Internal Dnve









.... $129








. $149

External Drive

TMD-650 ...



....... $189

CONTACT : Databook, Inc .

, 10 Alder

Bush, Rochester, NY



Phone : 116-889-4204,. Fax: 116-889-

2593, · E-mail."[email protected]

Dual Slot-Board

A universal PC Card drive which supports all PCMCIA compatible PC Cards . It is installed in any 16-bit ISA/-

EISA PC and consists of a short 16-bit controller card with an integrated Type III card slot in the back of the PC and a 3.5" drive unit installed in the front drive bay.


. ................. .

DM 440

CONTACT : CSM GmbH, M6rikestrasse


10194 Alderstad!, GERMANY,·

Phone :


1"111301,,. Fax: (+49)



P{; {;ard Drives

TSE-200 is a dual slot external PC Card drive that holds two Type I, two Type II, or one Type III PC Card.

TSE-100 is dual slot internal PC Card drive that holds two Type I, two Type

II, or one Type II and one

Type III PC Card.

Both drives are compatible with any 386, 486, or Pentium system with an available 16-bit slot. Install in any

3.5" or 5.25" drive bay.


Impression TSE-200


Impression TSE-100




CONTACT: Acma Computers, Inc.,

41988 Fremont Blvd., Fremont, CA

94538, USA ,. Phone: 800-186-6888 or

510-623-1212,· Fax: 510-623-0818.





PC card reader/writer accepts all PC cards Types I through IV. Reads/writes two PC Cards at the same time. Fits 3.5" FDD bay slots.

Tested by manufacturer.

Pricing (PCD-3241) .....



CONTACT : MaxTech Corporation , Inc.,

400 Commons Way, Rockaway, NJ

01866, USA,- Phone 800-936-1629 or

201-586-3008,· Fax: 201-586-3308.

MEL-P{;J Station

MEL-PCJ Station is a universal card drive for PCMCIA standard 68 pin memory cards.

It may be used to read from or write to RAM, EEP-

ROM, and Flash EPROM cards and can be used for data exchange between the

HP Palmtop and a desktop

PC computer . The data transfer takes place via standard RS-232 interface with

115,000 baud.

The MEL-PC] Station comes with software that allows it to be installed as an additional DOS drive for the

PC or the HP Palmtop.







...... . DM 190

CONTACT: CSM GmbH, M6rikestrasse


10194 Filderstad!, GERMANY,·



1"111301, ,. Fax: (+49)

11111716666 .

Mieroehannel P{;

ATA {;ard Drive

External card drive that allows Palmtop users to easily transfer data and applications between a desktop Microchannel PC and the Palmtop .

Accepts Type I, II and III

AT A Flash cards . Includes card drive, controller card, cable and software.

Pricing . .






CONTACT: ProTege Corporation ,

4165 E La Palma ,


Box 68031,

Anaheim, CA


USA,. Phone:

800-995-4453 or 114-961-1030,· Fax :


OmniDrive L{;

PC drive that connects to a parallel port of a PC-compatible computer and allows it to read/write PC memory cards as well as Seagate/

SanDisk AT A Flash cards.

The printer port is passed through. The powered version can accept PCMCIA

Type III hard disks.

Pricing .





.... .

DM 650

CONTACT: CSM GmbH, M6rikestraBe

58, 10194 Filderstadt, GERMANY,·



1"-11301, ,. Fax : (+49)



{;ard Drives

These PC reader/writers, manufactured by DataBook

Inc., enable a desktop system to access PC Cards compatible with PCMCIA 2 .


JEIDA 4.1, including Intel

ExCA, AT A cards and Type

III rotating media cards.

Microsoft FFS-2 support includes a full range of PCM-

CIA tuples for broadcast compatibility. CardTalk

Control Panel GUI software included.

The external drive connects to the parallel port of any PC compatible computer . The internal drives come with a half-length ATbus card, interconnect cable and 3.5"


5.25" mounting brackets.


External drive




Internal drive











.. $149

Dual slot . ........






COMPANY: Palmtree Products Inc.


145 Washington Street, Norwell, MA

02061, USA,. Phone : 611-811-1050,.

Fax: 611-811-6018.

AetionTee P{;-300

{;ard Drive

Internal card drive with dual slots. Accepts two Type

I, two Type II or one Type II and one Type III card.

Reads/writes SRAM, Flash and hard drives. Includes

ISA adapter, cables, and software .

Pricing ..............





CONTACT : ActionTec Corporation,

National Sales Office , 11102 Mitchell

North, Irvine, CA


USA,. Phone :

114-851-8242,· Fax: 114-851-8249.


{;ard Drives

Internal card drive supports

Type I, II and III memory and I/O cards. One version adds a front and a back card slot to your Pc. Another version adds a double slot to the front of your Pc.







. $195

Double front

. ...






. $195

CONTACT: Quatech,


Wolf Ledges

Parkway, Akron, OH



Phone: 800-553-1110,. Fax : 216-434-

1409,· BBS: 216-434-2481.



SCM SwapBox

Lets you read/write to your

PC Cards from your desktop PC. SCM offers eight products with various options . All products come with necessary cables, cards, and installation instructions.

Lite an economical, rear-access, single socket PC

Card reader that mounts in an


0 slot in the back of your desktop Pc.

Lite X2 dual socket s that mount in I/O slot.

Classic a single socket PC Card drive that mounts in a front, 3 .

5" drive bay.

Classic X2 dual front mounting PC Card sockets.

Premium - a combination of features of the Lite and the Classic .

Premium X2 a combination of the features of the

Lite X2 and the Classic X2.

Classic Combo features of the Classic and a

3.5" floppy drive. Fits in same size bay as a standard

3.5" floppy drive.

Premium Combo includes features of the

Premium and adds a 3 .

5" floppy drive. Fits in a standard 3.5" floppy bay.


Lite .








........ $89

Lite X2









. $159

Classic ....





........ $119

Classic X2 ..




........ $149

Premium X2 ......



Classic Combo





... $199

Premium Combo .




CONTACT: SCM Microsystems, Inc.


985 University Ave.

, Suite


Los Gatos, CA 95030 , USA ,. Phone 408-370-

4888 ext. 30,' Fax: 408-370-4880,' BBS :



Drive (for


MCDISK-1 is an external desktop PC Card drive with a built-in power supply and a 1MB/S SCSI-compatible interface that supports the complete SCSI command set and SCSI address select .

MCDISK-1 accepts all types of SRAM, Flash EPROM and

One Time PROM (OTP) memory cards with capacities up to 64MB, as well as

AT A Flash cards. It comes with two SCSI connectors and can be easily installed in any UNIX, VME, Macintosh or PC system equipped with an SCSI adapter. Software drivers are available for most systems.

Dual slot drive accepts

PC Card Types I, II and III.

Single slot drive accepts PC

Card Types I, II III and IV.

Requires SCSI Interface.


Dual slot .




...... $635

Single slot . .............


. $545

CONTACT: Gespac, Inc., 50 W Hoover Ave .

, Mesa, AZ 85210,. Phone:

800-443-7722 or 602-962-5559, ' Fax:


SCSI Card Drive for


External drive that connects to an SCSI II interface port and reads/writes PCMCIA

Release 2.0 memory cards.

Pricing ...







. $495

CONTACT : Envoy Data Corporation ,

953 East Juanita Avenue, Suite A ,

Mesa, AZ 85204, USA,. Phone: 602-

892-0954,' Fax: 602-892-0029.




100 / 200LX

[With the exception of New

Media's 95LX PalmModem, the Fax/Modem


Cards list-

ed only work with the HP

100LX and 200LX Palmtops

There are many PCMCIA

2 .

0 fax/modem cards available

and it is impossible for The HP

Palmtop Paper

to test them all on the 100/200LX. We have published those represented by the manufacturer or Hewlett

Packard to work with the HP

Palmtop .

Those represented to work

by HP have been tested as fol-

lows: The modem feature of the card was confirmed to work in

DataComm and cc:Mail Mobile

(built into the 100/200LX) . The fax feature was confirmed to work with a third-party fax program called PCPlus .

In some cases we list that the modem has been tested , without mentioning the fax .

This does not necessarily mean that the fax does not work, only that we have no infor'mation that it has been tested and con firmed to work.

There are many additional

PCMCIA 2.0 fax/modem cards available that may work with

the HP 100/200LX. If you are

considering another fax/modem card, you should carefully question the vendor or manufacturer about whether it has been successfully tested with the 100/200LX. Many

PCMCIA 2.0 fax/modem cards should work with the

100 / 200LX (not the 95LX) .

However, the communications and fax software that comes with them may be too large to fit on your Palmtop.]

Apex DatalFax

ModeDl With

Flash MeDlo..,-

This PCMCIA fax/modem card (formerly listed as the

SmartModular Fax/Modem) combines communication capabilities and expanded memory in one Type II PC

Card. Intended for the HP

100/200LX, the card eliminates the need to switch between a fax/modem and memory card.

The card includes DOS drivers which allows users to transport data between the HP

100/200LX and other notebook or laptop computers.

The card's modem provides data (2,400 bps) and facsimile (14,400 send fax,

9600 receive fax) capabilities. Users connect the card to a telephone line with a one-piece cable that comes with the card.

[See advertising, inside back cover.)

Modem / Fax tested by manufacturer.


with 4MB Flash RAM ........ $399

with 6MB Rash RAM

. ..




. $449

CONTACT: Smart Modular Technologies , Inc.,


Northport Loop West,

Fremont, CA


USA, ' Phone: 510-

623- 1231,.

Fax: 510 623- 1434.



PC Card Fax/ModeDl

This 14.4Kbps PC Card modem withAT&T'sETCcellular protocol designed to allow for higher throughput and more reliable connections on a cellular network.

The card can be directly attached to most cellular phones via an optional

"direct connect" cable .

Discontinued but still in stock





. .


Connect Cable ............ $65

CONTACT: Vendors that stock A T& T products or A T& T Direct,· Phone : 800-




Fax/Data ModeDls

Angia fax/modem PC Cards include Direct-Connect Cellular to Motorola, AT&T, Oki and NEC phones. Also include E.T.C. (Enhanced

Throughput Cellular) and

AT&T Direct Connect protocols (no other devices or boxes are necessary to make cellular connection). Digital

Line Protection prevents damage from digital PBX over current.

Modems tested by manufacturer.



28.8 Kbps (V.34) ....


19.2 Kbps (V.32 ....

CONTACT: Angia Communications,

Inc .



East Bay Boulevard,



50540, Provo, UT 84605, USA,. Phone:

800-877-9159 or 801-371-0488,' Fax:


Cardwell Fax!

ModeDl 14.4-E

A 14400 bps fax/modem

Type II card with Group 3 fax capabilities (also sup-


ports older class 1 & 2 fax machines). Extended AT

Command Set provides compatibility with a wide range of PC-based communication applications.

Pricing ... .............



. ,


CONTACT: Cardwellintemational, 110

Blue Ravine Road, Suite



CA 95630-4712 , USA; Phone:

916-985-1880; Fax: 916-985-1899.


Fax/ModelD Card

A 14.4 Type II data/fax modem PC Card designed for land-line use and transmitting over cellular carriers.

Modem/Fax tested by HP

CONTACT: Centennial, Inc.,


Manning Road, Suite


Billerica, MA

01821, USA; Phone: 800-942-0018 or

508-670-0646,' Fax: 508-670-9025.


FaxiModelD Cards

Epson offers three types of fax/modem cards: 14.4Kbps fax/modem card, 14.4Kbps fax/modem card with a builtin fax port, and a 14.4Kbps cellular fax/ modem card .

Tested by manufacturer.


14.4Kbps . ...



14.4Kbps wJ1ax port ....




14.4Kbps cellular








CONTACT: Epson Connection, 20770

Madrona Ave., Torrance, CA 90509,

USA,' Phone: 800-289-3716,' Epson

Accessories: 800-873-1766: Canada:

800-463-7766,' Latin America: 305-265-

0092 Fax: 310-782-4401.

EXP ThinFax

FaxiModelD. Flash

MelDory Card

DeSigned for the HP 100/

200LX this combination PC card comes with fax/ modem and Flash memory built into one card. The card also has System Manager compliant MiniFax fax/ modem software built in.

The ThinFax card lets you transmit faxes and data at

14,400 bps.

The EXP card comes with 2MB or 4MB of Flash memory on board, giving you file storage and fax/ modem capability on one card .

[See advertising, inside front.]

Modem/Fax tested by manufacturer.

Price ...




....... $219

CONTACT: EXP Computer, Inc., 12C

Mauchly, Irvine, CA



Phone: 800-397-6922 or 714-453-

1020,' Fax: 114-453-1319.


Fax/ModelD Cards

MaxTech's PCM-144C is a

14,400bps V.42bis fax/modem card you can use to send and receive faxes, transmit data, connect to BBS's or access remote E-mail.

The PCVM-144C is the same unit with the addition of voice mail capabilities.

Both units include data compression/ error control and sleep and standby modes to reduce power usage. The FM144/144V unit includes a built-in telephone interface and hot insertion capability, and comes with WinFax Lite fax/ data software for DOS and Windows and a fiveyear warranty.


PCM-144C .....












.. $199

CONTACT : MaxTech Corporation, Inc.,

400 Commons Way, Rockaway, NJ

07866, USA; Phone 800-936-1629 or

201-586-3008; Fax: 201-586-3308.

mM FaxlModelD


IBM offers a 14,400 data / fax

Modem/Fax tested by HP


......... ........... .

CONTACT: IBM Corporation, PO. Box

12195, Research Triangle Park , NC

21708, USA,' IBM PC Direct.' 800-426-

2968 or 919-517-0191; Fax: 800-426-


Magit!RAM 14.4

DataIFax ModelD

The MagicRAM 14.4 datal fax modem features low power consumption, data rates up to

57.6 Kbps and direct connection to phone jack.

CONTACT : Magic RAM, 1850 Beverly

Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90051, USA,'



Fax: 213-413-


Megahertz PCMCIA

Fax/Data ModelD


Megahertz 14,400bps PCM-

CIA modem cards include the

XJACK connector system,

MNP 10 (to optimize poor quality phone lines), Flash

ROM, hot swapping, and

V.42/V.42bis. Slide the

Megahertz PC Card modem into your Palmtop, pop out the retractable XJACK connector, and snap in a standard telephone cord no custom cables necessary. Megahertz

14,400bps modems feature

Digital Line Guard to protect the modem from damage if plugged into a high voltage line. Modem updates available by dialing into the

Megahertz BBS.

ACE Technologies sells the XJack cards with ACE-

FAX, a menu-driven send/ receive fax program for the

HP Palmtops.

Modem/Fax tested by HP

XJack Fax function also tested by

ACE (Confirmed to work with ACE-

FAX sohware.)

Pricing: (ACE Technologies)

14,400 XJACK with ACE'FAX .$219

(ACE-FAX represented by ACE to work with some other fax / modem cards.)

CONTACT: ACE Technologies, Inc.,

592 Weddell Drive,


Sunnyvale, CA

94089, USA; Phone: 800-825-9977 or

408-734-0100,' Fax: 408-134-3344.

Pricing: (Megahertz)

14,400 XJack .............. $189

14,400 XJack (MNP 10, Rash ROM,

cellular phone compatible ....


CONTACT: Megahertz Corporation,

605 North 5600 West, Salt Lake City,



USA,' Phone: 801-320-

7000; Fax: 801-320-6002

NEC 14.4

DatalFax Card

A 14.4Kbps fax/ modem card with V.42 and MNP 2-4 error control and V.42bis and

MNP5 data compression.

Modem/Fax tested by HP

CONTACT: NEC Technologies, Inc.,

1414 Massachusetts Avenue,

Boxborough, MA 01719-2298, USA ;

Phone: 800-632-4636 or 508-284-

4484; NEC Direct Sales: 800-615-

5566, ' Fax:



' M P


00 / 200LX

New Media


New Media is the only manufacturer that offers fax/ modem cards that work with both HP Palmtops (the

95LX as well as the

100/200LX). These 2,400 baud modem cards fit in the

Palmtop's memory card slot.

Resident in the PalmModem is Palm Term, a terminal emulation program optimized for Palmtop computer use. A variety of upload and download protocols are provided with the terminal emulation program.

PalmModem comes with resident facsimile processing and transmitting software. 128K of on-board

RAM is available on Palm-

Modem for conversion of text to fax transmittable data without using the Palmtop's resources.

Modem/Fax tested by HP

(Must use datalfax sohware built into card.)

Price 100/200LX

PalmModem .........

. $109.95


PalmModem ....


.... . $109.95

Upgrade from



CONTACT: New Media Corporation,

Irvine Spectrum, One Technology,

Building A , Irvine, CA



Phone: 800-453-0550 or 714-453-

0100,' Fax: 714-453-0114.

Personal Messenger

Wireless ModelD

Card by Motorola

A self-powered Type II PC

Card, the Personal Messenger 100D Wireless Modem

Card lets you send and receive messages, exchange

E-mail, connect to your office network, and access on-line services without having to connect to a phone jack. The P.M. Card



inserts into the PC card slot of the HP 100/200LX (and other notebook and PDA card slots) and operates on a public access data network providing communications access and message delivery across most of the U.S.

The P.M. Card is selfpowered, operating on a standard or rechargeable

NiCd 9-volt battery . The card continues to receive and store messages even when it is not connected to your Palmtop or other computer. Messages thus received can be accessed by re-inserting the card into the PC Card slot and running the wireless access software on the computer .


8K memory ...



64K memory





...... $825

Activation fee . .......... . $100

Monthly selYice fee

. . .


• Varies depending on usage .

CONTACT: Global Connections, Inc.,

110 South Jackson Street, Janesville,



USA,. Phone: 800-109-9494 or 608-152-


Fax: 608-152-9548.

Pra4!ti4!al Peripherals


A 14,400 bps V.32bis data/fax modem supporting V.42 error correction and data compression.

Fax/Modem tested by manufacturer.

Pricing ........




..... . $209

CONTACT: Practical Peripherals, 5854

Peach Tree Corners E., Norcross, GA ,

30092, USA,' Phone: 404-840-9966,'

Fax: 404-134-4615.



A v.34 28 .

8K data/fax direct-connect cellular modem ready to connect to a cellular phone. Comes with V.42 data compression, class I and

II capability.

Modem tested by manufacturer.







. $399





Avenue, San Jose, CA



Phone: 408-432-8030, ' Fax: 408-943-






JQQ/ 20 ~

The previous section looked at fax/modem cards. This section looks at other input/output cards, including data acquisition cards, port adapters, and specialized applications .

Unless otherwise indicated, all cards in this section are for the

HP 100/200LX.

Bar4!ode Order

Entry SystelD For

Wholesalers and

Road Reps

The "Sales Assistant" barcode system simplifies invoicing and order processing. Access your customer via phone number, scan in your order items, and modem/fax your orders directly to the manufacturer.

Data collector interfaces with Palmtop's application programs via ASCII file.

Runs on the HP 100/200LX and comes on a PC memory card for data security and file storage. System varies depending on customer's needs, but includes complete setup and 800# support.








(Depending on configuration.)

CONTACT: Corvallis System Sales ,

800 N Starker, Suite


Corvallis, OR

91330, USA,- Phone: 800-133-5011 or

503-152 4419, ' Fax: 503-152-1037.

Ethernet / ModelD

(;oniliination (;ard

Megahertz Ethernet/ Modem

PC Cards combine an Ethernet adapter and a 14,400bps modem with Megahertz's built-in XJACK connector allowing you to log in and dial out using one PC card.

Supports Novell NetWare,

Microsoft LAN Manager,

Microsoft Windows for

Workgroups, Windows

NT,Windows 95, IBM LAN

Server, Banyan VINES and other leading network operation systems. Features

XJACK connector, Digital

FLine Guard, MNP 10 to optimize poor quality phone lines, Flash ROM, hot swapping and V.42/V .


EthernetIModem Pncing: w I 108ase-Tcable .......



w l 108ase-T

& 108ase-2 ..

... $489

CONTACT : Megahertz Corporation,

605 North 5600 West, Salt Lake City,



USA,. Phone: 801-320-

1000, ' Fax: 801-320-6002.


Ethernet Adapter

This Type II Ethernet adapter connects to any

Ethernet network. Use it to access programs, share files , download important documents or send and receive

E-mail messages.

Features 16K on-board memory, low power consumption, hot insertion capabilities, and diagnostic

LEDs. Comes with 5-year warranty.

Tested by manufacturer.


108ase-T .













. $199

CONTACT: MaxTech Corporation, Inc.


400 Commons Way, Rockaway, NJ

01866, USA,' Phone 800-936-1629 or

201-586-3008,' Fax : 201-586-3308.

SIO Serial

Inter'a4!e (;ard

Le~ you add a serial interface port to your HP 100/200LX or

HP OmniBook computers.

Built-in Card Information

Structure allows automatic recognition and initialization of the SIO card . Comes in four versions (RS 2326, RS 422,

RS485, and TTL).

Pricing .................. . DM 495

CONTACT : CSM GmbH, MOrikestrasse


10194 Rlderstadt, GERMANY,'



1111113011, ' Fax: (+49)


Quate4!h Serial and Parallel


These PCMCIA Type II interface adapters add a serial or parallel port to the HP

. Palmtop. The manufacturer's technical support department states that although these devices have not been tested on the 100 / -

200LX, they should work fine.

Pricing : Serial Ports



port .............. $169






. $249




. ..........








.. $249

(Mac serial port)

Parallel port

. ............

CONTACT: Quatech,


Wolf Ledges

Parkway, Akron, OH

4431 "


Phone : 800-553-1110,. Fax: 216-434-

1409,' 88S: 216-434-2481.

Sili4!olD P(;M(;IA

Ethernet SPE (;ard

This Ethernet adapter card ships with its own PCMCIA

Support Driver software for the HP 100/200LX Palmtop

PCs. Install the software on the Palmtop, slip the card in the Palmtop's PC Card slot and connect up to your

Ethernet Local Area Network.

The card comes with

ODI, NDIS, and Packet software drivers to support all major Network Operating

Systems, including Netware,

Novel DOS 7, Microsoft

Networks, Banyan VINES,

Artisoft LANtastic, TCP /IP, and others.








CONTACT : Silicom Ltd. Connectivity



N.£. 90th St.,

Redmond, WA 98052, USA,. Phone:

206-882-1995, ' Fax: 206-882-4115.

Silicom Ltd., International



Hasadna St., P.O




Ra'anana 43100, ISRAEL,.





Travel Floppy

Drive with P(;

(;ard Inter'a4!e

Travel Floppy 144 is a compact, lightweight external




with your

HP Palmtop Paper

ON DISK subscription.

All the best HP Palmtop tools are now on one disk set! Best Palmtop Tips on Disk contains the very best tips and tools from every issue of

The HP Palmtop Paper.


ever before has so much

HP Palmtop productivity been available on one disk set!

Best Palmtop Tips on Disk

contains two 1.44

MB . diskettes* packed with the "good stuff' all the best freeware and shareware** we've found over the past 3


years. You'll fmd programs, utilities, games, and more. As you may know, a lot of the best software for the

HP Palmtop is free or shareware.

And that's not all. Best Palmtop Tips on Disk also contains all the text from the Best Palmtop


issue. This includes 48 pages of the most useful tips, tricks, shortcuts, and hidden fea tures of the HP Palmtop.

Locate useful tips fast!

The text of the Best Palmtop Tips issue is stored in ASCII format; so all you have to do is read the text me into your word processor.

Then do an automated search for any keyword. The information you're looking for will appear on your screen instantly.

How to get Best Palmtop


ips on Disk free

When you subscribe to The HP Palmtop Paper

on Disk,

you'll receive Best Palmtop Tips on Disk free . Every two months you'll receive all the great information from the HP Palmtop Paper on disk plus all the freeware and shareware programs mentioned in the issue! Plus, you'll receive in-depth descriptions of many of the products advertised or listed in the printed issue.

To subscribe to The HP Palmtop Paper on Disk, fill out and send in the order form on the opposite page.

You'll receive Best Palmtop Tips on Disk free!

*Check order form for disk size preference .

** If you decide to use shareware, you will need to pay the author a fee, usually between $5 and $45, a fraction of the cost of equivalent commercial programs.

57 powerful software tools, 275 useful

tips on one 2.8 megabyte disk set


Software on the Best Palmtop Tips ON DISK



BESmps Text altha Best




BUDDY Adds I OO's of useful features to lool2OOLX.


ADBIO ConvertApptfiletokomcommao(jelimfoonal.

CLOCK Full screen system compliant digital clock .

ALARM Musical alarm sounds for lOOI2OOLX.


ICON Draws 'icons' for lOOI2OOLX AppManager .

ASERCL Adds serial port control for the lOOI2OOLX .

KERM2 PC comm program with

VTI02 emulation.

BATloo Reports status of lOOi:1ooLX batteries.


Macintosh communications program.

BATSET Reset the charge time on the lOOLX.

LIST Text viewer with many features.

CLlPVU Makes clipboard work with DOS programs.

PCOUTl Outliner program helps organize your work .





Word processing program.

Fax program for the 951100I2OOLX.


Automates shopping on the HP lOOi:100LX.



A compact and powerful Memo aHemative.

CLSFLR CloseFiler recovers memory on lOOI:1OOLX.

Graphic interfaca for DBUTIL and ADBIO.

ImporVexport to the DataBase program .

Diet 1.20 file compression utility .

DIETI45F Diet 1 .

45f file compression utility .


Powerful comm program for the lOOI2OOLX.

Vertical text reader for the lool2OOLX.

APLOAD Makes lool2OOLX AppManager flexible .


Speeds up Phone, Appt, and







Changes file attributes .

Lets you modify lOOI:1OOLX fonts.




A goals tracking database (.GDB) file.

Lotus worksheels for all Palmtops.

A sample ToDo list database ( .

GDB) file .




Fix corrupt PhoneJApptlDatabase files.

ImporVexport lOOI2OOI..X Da1abaseiPhone file.

AUemate lOOI2OOLX screen fonts.




Contains Chess and Spaca Invaders .

Standard 7 pile Klondike solitaire.

Revers i , an outflanking game .


SOKOB-LX Travel through maze pushing blocks.

TElRIS Tetris game , runs sideways on lOOI2OOLX.

TYPER Improve typing on the Palmtop.

HLVSRC Contains aUemate lOOI2ooLX font.


Graphical DOS Menu program.



Print text, clipboard files to HP IR printers.

Read DataBase files in NoteTaker.

NOMURA Vertical Reader fonts (bold, tiny & script) .

PK204G File compression and archive utility.




High level programming language.

C-compiler for the Palmtops.

PROHLP Tool to help programmers .

PYGMY Small Forth language compiler .

REMCOM Make Palmtop a TYNCR remote controL

REMKEY Run your l00I200LX from a desktop PC.

Spell checker . SPEL95



Make AL T/cTRL keys


'sticky .

' you change auto shutoff time.



Leis you decompress .ZIP files.

A file transfer program for all HP Palmtops.



the form


the opposite page.




Get the two 1.44 MB. disk set

Best Palmtop Tips on Disk

by itself. To order, check "Best Palmtop Tips on Disk" on the order form on the opposite page and send $33

(includes U.S. shipping)




3.5" floppy drive that connects to the HP lOO/200LX via a cable and PC Card that plugs directly into the

100/200LX card slot.

The Travel Floppy is not battery powered, but can be connected to the supplied power adapter when used with the lOO/200LX. When used with an OmniBook or other sub-notebook, the

Travel Floppy can be powered by the computer through the PC Card interface.

PassportCard Travel

Floppy connects to computers via a PassportCard, a

PCMCIA interface card attached to Travel Floppy's cable. PassportCard is available as a separate item to

OEM manufacturers. Interested parties should contact the company directly.

[See advertising, page 5.]










. $249

CONTACT : Accurite Technologies,



Charcot Avenue, San Jose ,

CA 95131-1101, USA; Phone: 408-

433-1980,' Fax : 408-433-1716.




: 1 OO / 200LX '

All the wireless PC Cards list-



this section are for the HP



Wireless Field

Messenger Serviee

This messaging service allows mobile professional users of the HP 100/200LX to receive large streams of data, including full E-mail documents, other data documents such as charts and graphs, or full news stories .

Users can update appoint ments, phonebooks, databases, and 1-2-3 spreadsheets .

Ameritech's information service provides up-tothe-minute news, sports, stock information, weather, horoscopes, and lottery information. You can send messages using Ameritech's messaging software from your PC, Mac, or UNIXbased systems.

Necessary System Manager compliant software installs on the Palmtop directly from PC Card.

Local, regional, and national messaging plans are available. Requires PC Card. Ask vendor for details.


Messaging service ..





CONTACT: Ameritech, Wireless Field

Messenger Service, 2000 West

Ameritech Center Drive, 3H25F,

Hoffman Estates, IL 60195-5000, USA ;

Phone : 800-662-4531 ; Fax: 708-765-


UP StarLink


A "one-stop communications solution" from HP that includes a PCMCIA Type II

Motorola NewsCard receiver with pre-installed HP

StarLink software . Once connected to StarLink, the subscriber receives messages via the NewsCard receiver. Messages can be sent by anyone via a toll-free phone number.





Price (U.S)


{per mo .








. .


Provides message retrieval, forwarding, limited transmission, group messages, and bilingual operator dispatch. Each transaction is then charged by coverage type (local, single or two-region, or nationwide). The following services are available:


(per mo.)






Offers coverage in the customer's metropolitan area for as low as


per month, which includes 100 computer-transmiUed messages per month.

Windows-based computer message sending sohware for your desktop PC is free to subscribers . For


customers can receive 50 operator-transmitted messages per month in their local area.


(permo .)







.. $36.95

Provides coverage in several states in a geographic region . One or two-region service is also available .

Includes 50 operator-transmitted mes sages per month.


(per mo.)



Provides service to all major metropolitan areas in the Um1ed States .

Includes 50 operator-transmitted messages per month.

NewsCard with sohware







... $229

(Wireless receiver PC Card with necessary sohware.)


(1st mo.)

................. .


$5 per month thereaher if customer chooses to continue the service.


(permo .








CONTACT: Phone : 800-917-5465 or write directly to: Hewlett-Packard

Company Inquiries, 1000 N.E Circle

Boulevard, Corvallis, OR 97330, USA.

Nokia (;eUoIar



This Finnish company makes a Fax/Modem card that can connect to several models of their cellular phones to create a wireless fax/modem solution. (For more information, see the

Nokia entry in the

Fax/Modem section of this article.)

Pricing :

Fax/modem ...........

.. $449

Cellular phone





CONTACT: Nokia Mobile Phones , Inc.


P.O. Box 2930, Largo, FL 34649-2930,

USA, ' Phone : 800-666-5553,' Fax: 813-


RadioMail Wireless

Messaging Serviee

RadioMail wireless communications service allows you to send and receive wireless

E-mail nationwide , and send faxes globally. Also sets up wireless Internet address for your Palmtop allowing you to send and receive messages through all Internet connected E-mail systems

(cc:Mail, etc.) and all major on-line services (Compu-

Serve, AOL, etc.). Receive phone messages as text via

RadioMail operators, get stock quotes and news .

Works with PC Card wireless modem.

[See advertising, page 25.]








CONTACT: RadioMail Corporation,

2600 Campus Dr.,


San Mateo,

CA, 94403, USA,- Phone: 800-597-

6245 dept. R34 or 415 286 7800,' Fax:

415-286-7805, ' E-mail: [email protected] radiomai/.net

Wireless ee:Mail SystelD

Wireless cc : Mail lets you access your cc:Mail mailbox from your 100/200LX via the RAM Mobile Data service. Both your HP 100LX and 200LX and your company LAN server must be equipped with Intel wireless modem. The wireless modem, or "Router" unit on your LAN server provides a direct, wireless connection between the customer's

LAN-based network and the

RAM wireless data networks .

RAM also offers dedicated wired server/network connections for users with more demanding needs.

The system requires an

HP 100/200LX (which comes with cc:Mail software) and an HP Connectivity pack to transfer necessary software to the Palmtop .

LAN networks must have cc:Mail Router V4.0 software installed.


Remote und .



Wireless modem cable .





...... $20

Routerunit ..








cc : Mail Router sohware

.... $1 , 295

CONTACT : RAM Mobile Data, 600

Pinnacle Court, Suite 660, Norcross,

GA 30071 , USA; Phone: 404-662-

1740,' Fax: 404-662-1758 .

MobileMate n,

MobileMedia Communications Inc., one of the larg-




est providers of paging services in the United States offers MobileMate to HP

100/200LX users. Through

36 offices, MobileMedia provides paging and other wireless services in 19 states and the District of Columbia, including nine of the ten largest metropolitan markets in the U.S.

MobileMate is a wireless messaging card that integrates antenna and battery into PCMCIA 2.0 Type

II form factor.

MobileMate provides the ability to receive messages, acting as an advanced alphanumeric pager.

It can also provide the user with up-to-the minute information such as business and financial news headlines, and stock price information.

Appointment book, database, spreadsheet updates and E-mail can be received through MobileMedia's local, regional, and nationwide paging networks.

CONTACT: MobileMedia Communications, Inc .,


Challenger Road, Ridgefield Park, NJ 07660; Phone: 800-437-

2337; Fax 201-440-7657; E-mai/.' [email protected]


This section lists software that


available on


Cards. Since almost any software can be put on a


Card, this section focuse s on software that



on a PC Card for the HP

Palmtops. We also include software that


especially useful for

HP Palmtop PC Card users.






E IO U : '


100 / 200LX

I a~(;IS:


AntoDlation Software

Designed for the HP LX

Palmtop series, acCIS accesses CompuServe and automatically uploads and downloads messages quickly. You read and write messages off line, saving on connect charges and phone bills.

Version 3.1 provides a powerful "scripting" language for automating special areas of CompuServe.

This version of acCIS supports 40/80 column zoom on the 100LX and 200LX, and does not require additional software to run.

Available on EXP modem/ memory card .

Runs under System Manager


EXP 1414L.XMmodem PC Card

4MB ......




.... $449

CONTACT: Shier Systems



920 Hampshire Road, Sulle A-29,

Westlake Village , CA ,

91361 ,


Phone: 805-371-9391; Fax: 805-371-

9454; CompuServe 10: (74771,2477j.

E I01 ' .

OO / 200LX


SiDlple SiDlon

Faxer ProgralDS

SSFAXER 7.01 is a DOS

Command Line fax program for the HP Palmtops that can send, receive, view, print and convert fax files. It uses less memory than many other fax programs,

95K disk space for the program and 312K system RAM for sending and receiving.

SSFAXER 8.0 uses the format of the MEMO application vyithout alteration (no carriage returns are added at the end of each line), and allows you to choose fax numbers directly from the

PhoneBook application.

Both DOS command and System Manager compliant programs included.

Medium ................ 3.5

" f/oppy







... $29.95

(includes FREE one year subscription toBBS)

CONTACT: Simple Simon Software,

2237 Homecraft Lane, Bedford, TX

76021, USA ; Phone: 817-283-6691 ;



BBS: 817-283-

5871; [email protected]


. ........




.. $399

CONTACT: Lane Business Systems,

87 Hibernia Ave .

, Rockaway, NJ

07866, USA ; Phone 800-444-5263 or

201-586-9760,' Fax 201-586-0929.





100 / 20 ~

Paw Lot Align

Engineering Software

Programs that cover Indicator

Reverse, Long Spacer Coupling, Rim


Face methods of alignment, as well as shim change and lateral shift corrections while compensating for the effect of gravity.


PC Card

.................. $145

Roppy disk . ..............


. $75

CONTACT : Sam Pickens, 347

Colorado Ave.

, Hapeville , GA 30354,

USA; Phone: 404-316-6153; Fax:

404-762-1353 .


100 / 200LX




Fourteen games are provided on a ROM card for the

95 / 100/200LX including:

Blackjack, Checkers, HPtris, and Craps. Games selected from a "Windows" icon menu "popped up" from within built-in applications.

Runs under System Manager.

CONTACT: ACE Technologies, Inc.,

2880 Zanker Road, Sulle 103, San

Jose, CA


USA; Phone: 800-

825-9977 or 408-428-9722; Fax: 408-






100 / 200LX



File compression software that can double the capacity of your memory card. Same version works with Windows,

Windows 95 and DOS.

Medium .........




. Roppydisk

Pricing .....






.Approx $50

CONTACT: Stac Electronics, 12636

High Bluff Dr.,San Diego, CA , 92130,

USA; Phone: 800-522-7822 or 619-

794-4300,' Fax 619-794-4570.



100 / 2 00L X

Lane Bond Trader

Provides professionals access to the tools needed to calculate bond prices and yields, and manage portfolios.

EI01 D

100 / 200LX



Medi~al Beferen~e

P*M*R is an integrated reference system for medical professionals and pharmacists, consisting of a comprehensive drug reference

(including information on drug interactions), a medical diagnosis and treatment reference, a full-screen medical calculator, laboratory test normal ranges and common medical abbreviations.

Currently, two major databases are available for


Lexi-Comp ' s Drug

Information Handbook (with full reference information for over 4,000 drugs), and

Dr.'s Griffith





Minute Clinical Consult



(a reference for the diagnosis and treatment of over

1,000 of the most common diseases).

The Lexi-Comp Drug

Information Handbook contains up to 30 separate topics for each drug entry, including dosing, indication, contraindications, drug interactions, and pharmacology. In addition, you can store your own personal notes for each drug, and manage up to five separate formularies .

Dr.'s Griffith and

Dambro's The 5 Minute

Clinical Consult includes text on up to 33 different topics for each disease listing, with the topics divided into sections on Basics, Diagnosis,

Treatment, Medication,

Follow-up and Miscellaneous information. A personal note can be added to each Disease Topic for recording observations and notes. P*M*R also permits the user to manage up to five different Personal Lists of Diseases which can be used in a number of ways to make referencing the

Disease Topics easier.

Both the

Drug Infor-

mation Handbook and The 5

Minute Clinical Consult have been designed to operate as stand-alone references or as a seamlessly integrated reference (on the same PC


P*M*R was developed over a two-year period in concert with the University of Arizona College of

Medicine. Its interface includes pull-down menus and pop-up windows . In addition, P*M*R is System-

Manager compliant, giving the user quick access to the

HP Palmtop's built-in applications. Also available on 3.5" disks.

Runs under System Manager.

Pricing for PC Card versions

Drug Information

J7andbook ..







5 Minute Clinical

Consult .









. $399

Both databases on one card .







.. .


CONTACT: Prolifix, Inc., 8809 Long

Street, Lenexa, KS



Phone: 800-774-7357; Fax : 913-492-



100 / 200LX


PEPm: Pahniop

ElDergent!yPhysician. inforDlation Daiahase

Updated June 95, these

100/200LX .GDB databases are now easier and faster to use. PEPID provides diagnostic, pathophysiologic, treatment and disposition information for most emergent, urgent, and routine problems experienced in

Emergency Departments .

Page at a glance format allows rapid assimilation of data. All information is modifiable by the user.

Topics include:


Contains over 700 commonly prescribed drugs, searchable by generic or trade name. Includes adult and pediatric doses, dosage formulations and adjustments, wholesale cost, pregnancy class, contra indications, ad verse drug reactions, important drug interactions, common overdose management, pharmacokinetics and other important information.

General E.R.

Includes information on all emergent and urgent problems in the fields of neurology, psychiatry, dentistry, ophthalmology, ENT, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastro intestinal, genitourinary, obstetrics / gynecology, infectious disease, rheumatology, allergy, environmental medicine, dermatology, trauma and medicolegal.


Includes essentials on diagnosis and management of fractures, sprains, ligament and joint injuries and infections. Also includes orthopedic procedures such as joint aspiration, reduction of dislocations, splinting and casting.


Database of essential emergency and primary care information for pediatric problems, including information on neonate to teenager, growth and development, diseases" emergency resuscitation and more.


Covers overdose management, antidotes, drugs of abuse, occupational exposures, plant identification/poisonings, general toxins and a list of U.s. Poison Control Centers .


Information on resuscitation basics and the management of traumatic emergencies .

Also includes a step-by-step guide to procedures.

The complete set of databases uses approximately

2.4MB of disk space and can be purchased on floppy disk for transfer to your own

Flash card, or pre-loaded on a new Flash card .

Pricing Complete set


. .









Flash card .... $395 +

cost of card.

Databases can also be ordered individually. Call vendor for prices.




Chicago , IL 606", USA; Phone: 312-

222- 1527;


312-222- 1526. trients) you have remaining.

Personal Food Analyst uses a database of 5,000 food items to analyze what you eat. It lets you preview food for nutritional content before you eat and analyzes food for 29 different nutrients, including calories, protein, fats, carbohydrates, and cholesterol. Comes in consumer version available on ROM card. A more sophisticated professional version is available on floppy disk for $289.


PFA Consumer ............. $149

CONTACT: Mirical Nutrition Corp ,

4606 Northpark Drive, Colorado

Springs, CO 80918, USA; Phone: 800--

732-7707 or


Fax :


100 / 200LX

POt!ket RD II:

Nutrition Software

This software for nutrition, health and fitness professionals calculates, sorts, organizes, and graphs clinically relevant data, and prints client and personal reports. It includes 12 program sections: Weight loss, exercise analysis, body composition, nutrient analysis with more than 5,000 foods, diabetic and renal calculations, enteral and parenteral nutrition, and many equations on determining appropriate nutrient intake levels.


.. .........





(Floppy disk version, $279)

CONTACT : Poly-Bytes, Inc., P.O Box

770070, Coral Springs, FL 33077-

0070 , USA; Phone: 305-485-4600 ;

Fax: 305-485 0022


Food Analyst

Helps you track, analyze and modify your eating habits. Create your nutritional profile based on your age, height, activity level, sex and desired weight.

Records what you eat during the day and recalculates how many calories (and nu-




CARD BASIC for Hardware and

Software Developers

CARD BASIC is a programming language specifically designed for PC Card applica-




tions. CARD BASIC allows you to program from your PC or Palmtop and design software products for use on either the Palmtop or Pc.

Includes connectivity tools to connect Palmtop to Palmtop .

[See advertising, page 5.]

Pricing .





...... $95

CONTACT : MicroGram Systems, P. 0.

80x 252, La Honda, CA 94020-0252,

USA; Phone!Fax:415-747-0811 .


MANAGEMENT able memos, and a worksheet area that can hold up to 9,900 activities for planning multiple projects .

Project:VISION can handle up to 1,000 activities per project. PlanMan can handle up to 75 activities and is a complete project planning training package consisting of manual and software.

Both Project:VISION and PlanMan are mouse and keyboard operated .






. floppy $99

PlanMan Starter Pack (includes copy of Project:V1SION and 10 copies of

PlanMan) ..






. . floppy $399

Class Pack (includes 10 copies of



PlanMan) ..





.. .

floppy $300

For Rash card price add cost of Rash card.

CONTACT: Inmax Publishing Limited,

2673 Terrace Avenue, North Vancou-

ver, 8e, CANADA, V7R 185, '


604-980-9991; Fax: 604-985-5591.

1 100 !

200LX 1

Projed: VISION and PlanMan

These two programs follow classical project planning techniques and feature Critical Path Method activity logic flow charts and Gantt

Timeline bar charts combined with Resource Use bar charts. They also allow you to do the following: o

Calculate manpower and material usage/ costs throughout a project and over multiple projects; o

Adjust master schedules, allowing for resource, budget or time limitations; o

Track the project as it progresses and compare it with your original plan, allowing you to effect changes according to reality; o

Make changes with just a few keystrokes.

Project: VISION and Plan-

Man are DOS based programs that can run on an PC compatible computer with

CGA or VGA graphiCS, including the HP 100/

200LX. They both feature variable magnification on network and time line screens, multiple logic links between activities, attach-


~ LX J


RealSearch processes captured multiple listing and tax roll data, converts it to a DBF for fast searches by street, area or MLS number. Enter desired street, select number with lightbar, touch enter and 42 fields of information appear . Scroll up, down or search for another . With compression a 5MB RAM PC

Card can hold up to 10,000 records! Can process cap tured text from other sources.

Includes runtime FOXPRO

2.6 and REASSIST, a data extraction utility .


On 5M8 card .


... $799

Roppy disk



.. $299











.. $155

(Setup loads your data into program formal)

CONTACT: 81DS Data Service, Inc.,

3714 Horatio Street, Tampa, FL 33609,

USA; Phone: 813-839-3646; Fax

: 813-

839-3003,' 88S: 813-835 1963.





OO !

~ D ~

Didionary !

Thesaurus «!ard

HP offers a Dictionary /Thesaurus ROM card for the

95/100/200LX .

Product No ...


.... .HP F10005A

Runs under System Manager.

Pricing .








.. $129.95

CONTACT : Hewlett-Packard dealers world wide and selected thirdparty vendors.

They publish PCMCIA

News Update quarterly, containing news regarding PC

Card standards progress along with product announcements and other related information.

PCMCIA also maintains a Bulletin Board that provides information on upcoming events, technical issues and general information to members. Non-members are provided a one-time access free of charge (see BBS numbers below) .


. .



........ . Free

(Fax requests to PCMCIA, include complete address, company name, ete.)

CONTACT : PCMCIA Headquarters,

1030 East Duane Avenue, Suite


Sunnyvale, CA 94086, USA; Phone:

408·720-0107; Fax : 408-720 9417,'

88S1 (2,400 baud): 408-720-9388, '

88S2 (9,600 baud): 408-720 9386.


This section focuses on PC

Card-related publications and services.



[l 00i 200L 8J

I~ ~ard


& Design

This bi-monthly publication focuses on PC card (PCM-

CIA) issues and technology.

The subscription base is comprised of 20,000 design engineers, system integrators, distributors and resellers of PC card products.


U.S .













.. $32

Intemational (air)


............ $72

Intemational (surface) .





.. $47

(Payment in U.S. funds must accompanyorder.)

CONTACT: IC Card Systems


Design, Attn: Subscription Department,

6151 Powers Ferry Rd., Atlanta, GA

30339, USA; Phone: 404-955-2500;

Fax: 404-618-0405.


News Update;

Bulletin Board

PCMCIA stands for Personal Computer Memory

Card International Association. This association has defined and published standards for PC cards.

The P£M£IA

Developer"s Guide

This reference book published by Sycard Technologies, contains over 600 pages covering information on the development of PC Card related products. Includes chapters on PC Card Standards, Designing Host

Adapters, Designing PC

Card Peripherals, PCMCIA

Software Requirements,

Card Bus, PC card '95, PC

Card Products, and a complete Product and Services

Directory for developers and PCMCIA users.

The book's appendixes diagram and describe Connectors, Card Services Functions, and Socket Services

Functions . They also include a Glossary, Sample Schematics, PCIC Register List,

Index, and a section on where you can get more information on PC Cards and their development.


. ..





.... $89.95

CONTACT: Sycard Technology, 1180-

F Miraloma Way, Sunnyvale, CA

94086, USA; Phone: 408-749-0130;

Fax: 408-749- 1323.




Mass storage Flash cards produced by SanDisk and IBM are called "ATA

Flash disks" because they conform to the PC Card ATA standard. This standard was created to allow the development of PC Card "mass storage devices " (high capacity Flash cards) that "looked " like a hard drive to the

IBM AT (286 or greater) computer using them. The SanDisk ATA Flash

Disk is an example of a solid state ATA device. The HP OmniBook hard drive is an example of a rotating AT A device.

Card Drives

Devices similar to floppy disk dr i ves that can be installed in , or attached to desktop PCs and MACs, allowing those computers to access PC Cards.



Socket Services

These PC Card specifications provide PC Card software and hardware developers a common standard, allowing them to develop cards that work in a variety of computers .

Card Services Release 2.0 and Socket Services Release 2 .

0 are the specifications for the PCMCIA software architecture. Socket Services is a

BIOS level software interface that provides a method for accessing the PC

Card slots of a computer. Card Services is a software management interface that allows the allocation of system resources (such as memory and interrupts) automatically once Socket Services detects that a PC Card has been inserted.

File Compression Software

Software that compresses files stored on any medium, including PC memory cards . Compression software can effectively double the rated capacity of a PC memory card.

Flash-Random-Addressable (Flash RAM) Cards

Flash RAM cards (a.k.a. "Flash cards " or " Flash disks") are comprised of computer chips that can be written to and read from. They are d i fferent from SRAM cards in that they do not need a battery to retain data and they are available i n larger capacities (up to 40MB currently for the HP

Palmtops) .

I/O Cards

Input/Output cards were made possible by PCMCIA releases 2 .

0 and 2.01.

Examples of


cards include fax/modem cards, ATA Flash disks and drives , wireless messaging cards, and LAN cards .


The Japanese Electron i c Industry Development Association is the organization in Japan responsible for PC Card standards . JEIDA and PCMCIA cooperate closely. JEIDA Release 4.0 is ident i cal to PCMCIA 1 .

0 and

JEIDA 4.1 is identical to PCMCIA 2.0.

PC Card

A peripheral device that can add a variety of capabilities to computers including : memory, mass-storage, LAN, fax/modem and wireless communications. The PCMCIA PC Card is roughly the dimensions of a credit card and has a standardized 68 pin connector at one end . There are three ca r d types (see ''Type I, II & III Cards ," next column .


The PC Card logo is copyrighted by PCMCIA. Use of the logo indicates that the manufacturer is a PCMCIA member in good standing and the memory or


card is compatible with the PC Card Standard .

PC Card Standards

The complete set of all of the PCMCIA PC Card Standards . The current standards are now referred to as the "PC Card Standards" and no longer

PCMCIA followed by a version number .

PCMCIA and PC Card Glossary


The Personal Computer Memory Card International Association is a nonprofit trade association and standards body comprised of over 500 member companies that defines the industry standard for PC Card technology.

PCMCIA also promotes compat i bility among PC Cards and PC Cardbased systems.

PCMCIA Standards,

Releases 1.0, Z.O, & Z.Ol and Z.l

Past PC Card Standard releases that define the specifications and capabilities of a card. All PC Card Standards are backward compatible (e .

g. a

SRAM card developed under the 1 .

0 standard will work in a memory card drive developed under the 2.01 standard).

Release 1.0

, issued il\ September , 1990, specified a PC Card offering memory capabilities for mobile computing. The SRAM cards used by the

95LX (and subsequent HP Palmtops) were developed under this standard .

Release 2.0, issued in September, 1991, broadens the first specifications with the addition of input/output and execute in place capabilities , allowing for the SanDlsk ATA mass storage cards, fax/ modem cards and wireless communications devices to be developed for the HP 100/200LX


Release 2 .

01 , issued in November, 1992 , is a minor correction of

Release 2 .

0 .

Release 2.1, issued in July of 1993, made some additional minor modifications to Release 2 .



Abbreviation for Personal Computer . It is often used to refer to an 80x86

DOS-based computer system.

SRAM / RAM Cards

Static-Random Addressable memory cards . These cards come in capacit i es up to 2MB (4MB with file compression software) . The files on the card are retained by a small lithium backup battery, which must be replaced every 10 months or so .

ROM Cards

Read-Only-Memory cards, wh i ch come in varying capacities. The data or programs on these cards can only be read by the host computer, they can not be written to. The HP DictionarylThesaurus Card is an example of a

ROM card.

Type I, II and III Cards

PCMCIA has defined three PC Card types . All have the same length, width, and are 3.3mm thick along their edges and connector ends so they can be inserted into standard PC Card slots.

Type I is a constant 3 .

3mm thick overall and is commonly used for memory cards, like the SRAM cards useable in all the HP Palmtops.

Type II is 5mm thick to accommodate applications that require more room for components such as fax/modem cards used in the 100/200LX.

Type III is 10.5mm thick to accommodate higher functionality devices such as rotating storage media (hard disks) and wireless communication devices . These devices are not useable in the HP Palmtops.

Type I & II Extended cards are PCMCIA recommended extensions that are identical to the regular cards with the exception of their length . They are 50mm longer than regular cards, allowing the development of applications that need components outside of the system (like wireless messaging cards used with the HP 100/200LX) or for applications that need more internal room for components .



Product Index

Contact information for products mentioned in articles.

See Advertisers Index, next page, for additional product references.


Contact: Authorized HP computer dealers worldwide (I.e. the same place you can pur· chase an HP LaserJet). To locate an authorized dealer in the USA, call 800·443-1254.

You can also purchase the 95LX &

100 / 200LX and its accessories from


Technologies at 800·825-9977 or 408-734-

0100; Fax: 408-734-3344; EduCALC at 800-

677-7001; Fax: 714-582-1445.


Connections at 800-709-9494 or 608-752-

1537; Fax: 608-752-9548.

HP 38G - $79.95

(HP F1200A)

HP OMNIGO 100 - $349

(HP F131OA)




(HP F1311A) Comes with cable_



GO -


(HP F1312A)

Optional PC Connectivity Cable - $24.95



(HP F1313A)

Optional PC Connectivity Cable - $24.95



(HP F1314A) Includes three pens.

HP 200LX 2MB - $699

(HP Fl061A)

HP 200LX 1 MB - $549

(HP Fl060A)

HP 1000CX Palmtop PC - $449

(HP F1203A)

HP OmniBook 600C PC

486DX2I50 170MB HD - $Varies

486DX4n5 260MB HD - $Varies

HP OmniBook 4000 PC

486DX4/100 520MB HD - $Varies

486DX2I50 260MB HD - $Varies

HP StarLink Service - $Varies

Wireless messaging service, for "one-stop communications solution." Contact: 800-917-


1.8MBl12v Flash Card - $199

(HP Fl024A))

5MB/12v Flash Card - $375

(HP Fl012A) with Stacker 3.0 data compression software (not for the 95LX).

10MB/12V Flash Card - $600

(HP Fl013A) with Stacker 3.0 data com-

~ession software (not for the 95LX).

DictionaJyf1llesaurus Card-$149.95

(HP Fl005A)

AC'DC Adapter (HP F1011A)-$39.95

USA/Canada (Opt. ABA)

Europe (Opt. ABB)

Australia (Opt. ABG)

United Kingdom (Opt. ABU)

South Africa (0p.t. ABQ)

PC Connectivity Cable - $24.95

(HP Fl015A) Connect 95LX and 100/200LX to DOS compatible PC.

MAC Connectivity

Cable -


(HP Fl016A) Connect 95LX and 100/200LX to Apple PCslMACs.

95LX Connectivity Pack - $119.95

(HP FloolA)

100/200LX Connectiliity Pack

- $119.95

(HP Fl021B)

(HP Fl 021 C) Intemational

Connect/Adapter Kit - $24.95

(HP Fl023A) 4 adapters for connecting the

1001200LX to modems, printers, and PCs.

1001200LX Accessory Cradle $79

(HP Fl027A) Connects the 100LX or 200LX to U.S. Robotics WorldPort V.42bis Modem,

SkyTel pager, and other products .

Service Agreements

For U.S. HP Palmtop users. Units must be under warranty to extend.

100/200LX, 2-year extension - $85


HP, Corvallis Service Center,

USA; Phone: 503-151-2002.

NOTE: Prices listed are suggested retail price.

OTH E R PRODUCTS acCIS 3.0 - $69

On 2MB SRAM card, - $329

Automates CompuServe access, no additional software required to nun. (See page 13)

Contact: Shier Systems & Sohware, USA;

Phone: 805-311-9391; Fax: 805-311-9454; Email' CompuServe 10: [15030,3314j

America On Line (AOL) - $Varies

Online information service.


America Online, USA; Phone:

800-821-6364 or 103-448-8100; Fax:


ARDIS Wireless

Messaging Service - $Varies

Wireless amnunK:ations networit (See pg.16)


ARDIS, USA; Phone: 800-494-

1128 or 108-913-1215; Fax: 108-913-4100,

CompuServe - $Varies

Online information service.


CompuServe, USA; Phone:

800-848-8199 or 614-451-0802; Fax:

614-529-9463. fastNOTES! - $49

Freeform database. (See pg. 38)


ACE Technologies , Inc., USA;

Phone: 800-825-9911 or 408-134-0100; Fax:


San Disk Flash Cards - $Varies

PC rnenlOIY cards.

(See pages 3, 5, 35, 42, 43)


Sanoisk Corporation, USA;

Phone: 408-562-0595; Fax: 408-562-3403,

ACE DoubleCards - $Varies

Flash cards with Stacker (See pgs. 35,43,44,48)


ACE Technologies, Inc., USA;

Phone : 800-825-9911 or 408-134-0100; Fax:


GTE MobiiNet - $Varies

Cellular phone service. (See page 22)


GTE, USA; Phone: 800-669-


HP Palmtop Paper, Back Issues


Thaddeus Computing, USA;

Phone: 800-313-6114; Fax: 515-412-1819.

Internet Service Providers - $Varies

Provide Intemet access.


Cybergate, USA; Phone:

800-638-4283 or 305-428-4283,' Fax:

305428-1911; E-maiL·[email protected] or ...


Delphi, USA; Phone: 800-695-4005 or 212-462-5000,' Fax: 611-441-4903; E-mail'

[email protected], or ...


Intemationallntemet Association,

USA; Phone: 800-669-4180,' Fax: 201-928-


Keep-In-View - $49.95

Free-form database. (See page 38)


Lucid Corporation, USA; Phone:

800-961-5550 or 214-994-8100; Fax: 214-


Language Card - N/A

Language translation program. Discontinued

(See page 38)


Globalink, Incorporated, USA;

Phone: 800-255-5660 or 103-213-5600,' Fax:


LapLink V - $99.95

File transfer package. (See page 40)


Traveling Sohware, USA; Phone:

800-343-8080 or 206-483-8088; Fax: 206-


Leather Cases for Palmtops - $Varies

Leather cases for Palmtops. (See page 15)


PalmTree Products, Inc., USA;

Phone: 611-011-1050,' Fax: 611-011-6018.

LetterPerfect - N/A

Word processor. (See pages12, 15)


WordPerfect/Novell Corporation,

USA; Phone: 000-451-5151 or 001-225-5000,'

Fax: 001-220-5311.

Me!l!ltlertz 14.4

FaXlModem Card - $219

PC fax/modem card that works in the

100 / 200LX. (See page 46 )


Megahertz Corporation, USA;

Phone: 000-521-0611 or 001-320-1000,' Fax:



Memory management system contained in

DOS 6.0 and higher. (See page 41)


Microsoft Corporation, USA;

Phone: 800-426-9400, Canada: 000-563-

9040 or Internationa/.'206-936-0661; Fax:



Quick Reference Guides

DOS 3.0-5.0 - $14.95

Lotus 1·2-3 Ver.2.4 - $14.95



Thaddeus Computing, USA;

Phone: 000-009-5603 or 515-412-1660,' Fax:

515- 412-1019.

NiMH Batteries - $Varies

Rechargeable batteries. (See page 3)


Local retail stores.


Operating System - $Varies

Operating system. (See page 42)


IBM Corporation, USA; Phone:

000-426-2960 or 919-511-0191; Fax: 000-


Palm Connect - $49

Connectivity software. (See page 13)


Palm Computing, USA; Phone:

000-001-1256 or 415-949-9560; Fax: 415-


Pocket Quicken - $69.95

Stand-alone version of Pocket Quicken for

100LX users. (See page 4)


Intuit, USA; Phone : 000-354-

4023 or Internationa/.' 520-295-3240; Fax:



Extended memory manager. (See page 41)

Contact: QuarterDeck Corporation, USA;

Phone: 800-354-3222 or 310-309-3700; Fax:


RadioMail- $Varies

Wireless messaging service. (See pgs . 15,24)


RadioMail, USA; Phone: 000-

591-6245 or 415-206-1000,' Fax: 415-206-


SSFAXER 7.01 - $29.95

Command line fax program for HP Palmtops.

(See page 46)


Simple Simon Software, USA;

Phone: 011-283-6691; Fax: 811-203-5811; Email [email protected]

SWITCH! - $39

Lets you run mu~iple applications simultaneously on the 95LX. (See page 38)


ACE Technologies, Inc., USA;

Phone: 000-825-9911 or 400-134-0100,' Fax:


Ultra·Lite Cellular Phone - $349

Cellular phone. (See page 20)


Motorola, USA; Phone: 000-331-

6456 or 108-523-4206; Fax: 100-523-4120.

User's Groups tor the HP Palmtop

See box on page 54, this issue.

Windows 95 - $Varies

Operating System. (See pages 42,43,48)


Microsoft Corporation, USA;

Phone: 000-426-9400, Canada : 000-563-

9040 or Internationa/.'206-936-0661; Fax:


Find Information On the Following PC Card Products

In the PC Card Products Section, Pages 50-61

(or on pages listed below)

Apex Fax/ Modem Flash

Memory Card

(pg 11)

Card Port Para"el Drives

(pg 40)

Databook ThinCard 200

(pg 39)

EXP ThinFax Fax/Modem Flash

Memory Card




(pg 35)

Keep-In-Touch Modem

(pg 20)

Maxtor Memory Cards

(pg 13)

MobileMate Wireless

Messaging Card



MobileMedia Communications

(pg 24)

Motorola Personal Messenger

Wireless Modem Card


Motorola NewsCard

(pg 23)

Palm Modem

(pg 37)

RAM Mobile Data Service


Stacker 4.0

(pgs 11,35,43,44)


(pg 23)

Steele Creek Parallel Drives



Swap Box PC Card Reader

(pg 40)




There are a number of ways to get in touch with The HP Palmtop Paper staff.

You can write, mail us a disk with your comments, send CompuServe mail, fax, or call. Our mailing address and contact information is :

Thaddeus Computing, Inc.,

P.O. Box 869 or 57 E. Broadway

Fairfield, IA 52556, U.S



Phone: 515-472-6330 or 800-373-6114

Fax #:515-472-1879

CIS ID: Hal Goldstein, [75300,2443]

Internet: [email protected] .


TO ADVERTISE in The HP Palmtop

Paper contact Brian Teitzman or Margaret


TO SUBSCRIBE, change address, or clear up any problem with your subscription, contact our subscription department

(Colleen Rodibaugh, CompuServe ID :


Technical Support

HP Technical Support HP offers these options:

• FREE TECHNICAL SUPPORT is offered to all Palmtop users and is available by calling 503-757-2004 .

• FREE AUTOMATED SUPPORT is offered 24 hours a day by calling 800-443-



MATION 800-752-0900.

On-Line Support-offered by these bulletin board services.


FORUM - Call 800-848-8199 or 614-457-

0802: For FREE membership state #231.


TOP - Call 800-227 6364 or 703-893-6288 for membership information .

• INTERNET: comp.sys


palmtops; or

How to submit an article

The richness of The HP Palmtop Paper comes from the contributions of Palmtop

PC users . We and your fellow users welcome your submissions. (We do not offer payment for articles, your reward is knowing that you ' ve helped others.)

If you have a good idea and want to "go for it," send it in via CompuServe E-Mail

[75300,2443], Internet : 75300 .

[email protected], or send disk or hard copy to

Hal Goldstein or Rich Hall at the above address. Alternatively you can send an outline of your idea. We will try to guide you as to when and whether we would use the article and contact you if we need clarification or have any suggestions. We may want to use an article but for a variety of reasons you may not see it for many months. Please understand that we cannot promise to run any particular article.

If you can, especially if you write a

Palmtop Profile, send us a black and white photo of yourself.

Products advertised in this issue of The HP Palmtop Paper


, • • , • • • ,.

" •• , •••••• ".





Apex Data


Camomia Digital




EI Dorado

Envoy Data

EXP Computer

Extended Systems

GeoPro Development

Global Connections

Greenwich Instruments

Greystone Peripherals




Microgram Systems


Notebook Supply Warehouse

Opus 63

ONE International


Shier Systems

Steele Creek Technologies


Thaddeus Computing


(Floppy Drives fo r lOO12ooLX)

(ACE) . . . . . . .......






. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

.. [8CJO.a25·9977 or

. .



. [408-433-1980; Fax


: 408-433·1716

Fax: 408-734·3344J ..

J back cover

(PalmtopiOmnibook Products includes: ACT! for HP Palmtops ; ACE<->FAX Fax Software and Modem Bundles ;

ACE <->UNK File Transfer Software; BATTman Battery Monitoring and Data Protection Software; Carrying Cases ;

Desktop Card Readers; Acoustic Modem Couplers; HP 200LX Palmtop Systems ; HP Color OmniBook Software;

NiMH Batteries; Printers and Accessories; X.JACK Megahertz Modem Bundles .


(PC Cards and PC Card Drives) ..












. [714 · 851·8242 ; Fax: 714 · 851 · 8249J . .49

(FaxlModem Memory Cards)(formeMy Smart Modular) .






.. [800-841 · 2729; Fax : 51()'416-09091 . .inside back

(Palmtop Computer Light) .




(PC Cards, PDA) ...

. ... [800·771 · 3600 or 8O()'936-3636

. .. [80()'421-5041

; Fax: 516-868 or31()'217~500;

· 6897] .. 15

Fax: 31()'217·19511 .

. 7

(MacLink Plus) .. ..
















• . . .... [80()'733~3O or 203-2~3O; .

. 9

(Leather Cases) .









•• .



• • .


.... : 916-782 · 9306J .. l

(Accessories Catalog) . .

. .











• . . .


. [800·713-6522 or 714-582 · 2837 ; Fax: 714 · 582 · 1445J .. 19

(HP 200LX and Accessories) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. [80()'227·8292 or 415-494-8600 ; Fax: 415-494 · 1995J .

. 13

(PC Card Products) ...
















. [800-368-6971 or602-892~54;

Fax :



(ThinFax Modem) ..........

. [8OO·EXP-6922 ext . 641 or 714-453 · 1020; Fax : 714-453-1319J..inside front

(Desktop Infrared Intertace)

(JetEye Infrared Printer Intertace) .


. . . . . . . . . . . • . . .

. [800·235·7576 or 208-322·7575









. .


. ..

; Fax: 406·587·9170J

.. .

.. . ...





. 49

. 14

(Palmtop Clipboard) .




















. [909·864-2174 ; Fax: 909-864·2846J .. 45

(Coordinate Geometry) .









... 1 . . . . . . . . . . .














.. 14



Accessories) ....









.......... [800 · 709·9494 or 808-752·1537 ; Fax: 608·752·9548J .. 28

(Seriafto Parallel Converter) .










.. [800-476-4070 or 704-376- t021; Fax: 704-335-8707] .

. 27

(PC Card drives and adapters) .











. [8Q0.800·5710 or 408-866-4739 ; Fax: 406-886-8328J .


(Connectivily, Flashcards, AC·DC Adapter) .......

• ....



... [80().443·1254 or contact nearest HP dealer .




Graphics Pack Vision) .



. . .






. [604·98().9991

; Fax: 604·985·5597] .

. 28

(Windows Connectivily Pack) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . .

. [803-688-0686 ; Fax: 603·888·9817] .

. 12

(Card Basic Programming Language) .




• .







.. [PhoneiFax : 415·747 · 0811J .. 5

(Wireless Modem Card) .




































. [80().894·7353J .. 31

(Mobile Computing Products) .














.. [800·566-6632 or 714·753-6810 ; Fax: 714·753·8812J .. 24

(Liberator Shoulder Holster) .












• .





.. [800-588-0PUS or 718-706-6787; Fax: 718·706·7034J .


(OPRO 4 Programming Language) ....








.... [800 · 333-0448 or 215 · 968-5986 ; Fax: 215·968·35501 .


(Personal Wireless Service) .












. .






......... . .... [800-597 · 6245 dept. R34J .. 25

(aeCfS • CompuServe Access Program & OuickJLl() ..









...... [805-371·9391; Fax: 805-371 · 9454J .. l0

(CardLlnk Drives) .









.. .








. .

. ..






. . .



. [PhoneiFax: 704·588-1780J .


(SoftwareCarousel.Task Switching Sottware) .






. [800-553-0400 or 305·581·2200 ; Fax: 305-581·5902J .. 17

(HP Palmtop Paper) .























.. [800-373-6114 or 515-472·6330: Fax: 515-472·1879J .. 8

(HP Palmtop Paper ON DISK) .
































.. 57

Lotus 1·2·3. DOS 5.0 Reference Books .





























...... 47

(LX100. LX2oo, 41 Series) ...











• .














..... [610·588 · 2800; Fax: 61()'568·1727] .








LHA213 .



PK204G .


PKLI15 .





Shareware and Freeware Index

Software mentioned and included in p'ast issues of

The HP Palmtop Paper ON DISK, The Subscriber's PowerDisks, or

CompuServe's nPHAND Forum

NOTE: There is no ON DISK issue with the PC Card Review. Files can be found in the locations listed below


PCCARD.ZIP, the text file for The HP Palmtop Paper PC Card

Review, will be found in the Nov/Dec 95 issuue of The HP Palmtop Paper ON DISK.









(BestTIps 94) Utility: Fixes problems and adds useful functions to 95LX .

(BestTIps 95) Utility: Adds features to 100/200LX .

(To be published in NovlDec 95) Utility: Use lOO/200LX PC

Card modem in Desktop PC.

(PwrDsk 94/95) Utility: File compression utility .

(Jan/Feb 95) Utility: File compression and archive utility.

(Mar/Apr 93, PTP 8) Application : Database I PIM.

(PwrDsk 94/95) Utility: PKZIPIPKUNZIP Version 2 .

04G of archive utility.

(Jan/Feb 92, PTP I) Utility: PKLite version 1.15 of file compress utility. Update of PKL 103.ZIP.

(PwrDsk 94195) Utility: Changes auto shut-off time on 95/100LX.

(PwrDsk 94/95) Utility: ZIP.COM 2.0: file transfer program for 951I00LX .















Free 33, 38, 44















Files of Interest Not Included in PC Card Review

(Ea . issue.) Database : Description of files, CIS HP Forums. HPHANDI lOOLXI II

(SepVOct 95) Database : PTP OnDisk Index for 951100LX . NA

(Ea. issue.) Utility: Utility to decompress .ZIP files . HPHAND/I







TO ORDER the HP Palmtop Paper ON DISK, see order card page 57





With just one smart move, your Hewlett-Packard

PDA can jump from a portable organizer to a mobile communications center . The Data/Fax Modem and

Memory card from Apex Data enables this transformation by combining industry-standard fax / modem capabilities with powerful, on-board flash memoryall on the same streamlined PCMCIA Type II-compatible card. By coupling fax, modem and modem functions in a single card, you can easily send and receive the data-intensive communications that, before now, were

D beyond the reach of palmtop computing .

In keeping with our reputation for PCMCIA innovation-and as a leading OEM providerthis powerful card has all the performance features you need: 2 MB, 4 MB or 6 MB flash memory; 14,400 send / 9,600 receive fax; 2400 bps modem; MNP 5, Y.42/Y.22 bis error correction; HP

LaserJet compatibility; multiple-destination fax capability; and auto-dial and answer functionality. You also get EZ Installation software to literally get you up and running in seconds, sleep and standby modes for prolonged battery life and our comprehensive five-year warranty .

All told, the Data/Fax Modem and Memory card



computing and serious.

Hewlett- Packard 95LX, 100LX and 200LX users like you. For more information call

Apex Data at 1-S00-S41-APEX



Peak of


A SMART Modular Technologies Company

Your Total Palm


op Storage Solution

DoubleFla ~ h m ' Plus ", c.

~ ~/



6M (up to 6MB)

10M (up to 10MB)

20M (up to 20MB)




40M (up to 40MB)

60M (up to 60MB)

80M (up to 80MB)

Ask about special pricing on Palmtop


DFPlus systems.




To Order Call

800 -825-9977

[email protected]~


ACE Technologies. Inc .

DoubleFlash, DoubieFlashePlus are trademarks of ACE Technologies. Inc .

, LZS and Stocker are trademarks of Stac Electronics. Inc.


ACE Technologies. Inc. 592 Weddell Drive #6, Sunnyvale. California. 94089 U.S.A. Tel: 408·734·0100 or 800·825·9977 Fox: 408·734·3344

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