EPA 525.2

EPA 525.2
METHOD 525.2
DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN DRINKING WATER BY
LIQUID-SOLID EXTRACTION AND CAPILLARY COLUMN GAS
CHROMATOGRAPHY/MASS SPECTROMETRY
Revision 2.0
J.W. Eichelberger, T.D. Behymer, W.L. Budde - Method 525,
Revision 1.0, 2.0, 2.1 (1988)
J.W. Eichelberger, T.D. Behymer, and W.L. Budde - Method 525.1
Revision 2.2 (July 1991)
J.W. Eichelberger, J.W. Munch, and J.A. Shoemaker
Method 525.2 Revision 1.0 (February, 1994)
J.W. Munch - Method 525.2, Revision 2.0 (1995)
NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
CINCINNATI, OHIO 45268
525.2-1
METHOD 525.2
DETERMINATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN DRINKING WATER
BY LIQUID-SOLID EXTRACTION AND CAPILLARY COLUMN
GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY/MASS SPECTROMETRY
1.0
SCOPE AND APPLICATION
1.1
This is a general purpose method that provides procedures for determination of organic
compounds in finished drinking water, source water, or drinking water in any treatment
stage. The method is applicable to a wide range of organic compounds that are efficiently
partitioned from the water sample onto a C18 organic phase chemically bonded to a solid
matrix in a disk or cartridge, and sufficiently volatile and thermally stable for gas
chromatog-raphy. Single-laboratory accuracy and precision data have been determined
with two instrument systems using both disks and cartridges for most of the following
compounds:
Analyte
Acenaphthylene
Alachlor
Aldrin
Ametryn
Anthracene
Atraton
Atrazine
Benz[a]anthracene
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene
Bromacil
Butachlor
Butylate
Butylbenzylphthalate
Carboxin2
Chlordane components
alpha-Chlordane
gamma-Chlordane
trans-Nonachlor
Chlorneb
Chlorobenzilate
Chlorpropham
Chlorothalonil
525.2-2
MW1
Chemical Abstract Services
Registry Number
152
269
362
227
178
211
215
228
252
252
252
276
260
311
317
312
235
208-96-8
15972-60-8
309-00-2
834-12-8
120-12-7
1610-17-9
1912-24-9
56-55-3
205-82-3
207-08-9
50-32-8
191-24-2
314-40-9
23184-66-9
2008-41-5
85-68-7
5234-68-4
406
406
440
206
324
213
264
5103-71-9
5103-74-2
39765-80-5
2675-77-6
510-15-6
101-21-3
1897-45-6
Analyte
Chlorpyrifos
2-Chlorobiphenyl
Chrysene
Cyanazine
Cycloate
Dacthal (DCPA)
4,4'-DDD
4,4'-DDE
4,4'-DDT
Diazinon2
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
Di-n-Butylphthalate
2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl
Dichlorvos
Dieldrin
Diethylphthalate
Di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
Dimethylphthalate
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
Diphenamid
Disulfoton 2
Disulfoton Sulfoxide2
Disulfoton Sulfone
Endosulfan I
Endosulfan II
Endosulfan Sulfate
Endrin
Endrin Aldehyde
EPTC
Ethoprop
Etridiazole
Fenamiphos2
Fenarimol
Fluorene
Fluridone
Heptachlor
Heptachlor Epoxide
2,2', 3,3', 4,4', 6-Heptachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorobenzene
2,2', 4,4', 5,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl
525.2-3
MW1
Chemical Abstract Services
Registry Number
349
188
228
240
215
330
318
316
352
304
278
278
222
220
378
222
370
390
194
182
182
239
274
290
306
404
404
420
378
378
189
242
246
303
330
166
328
370
386
2921-88-2
2051-60-7
218-01-9
21725-46-2
1134-23-2
1861-32-1
72-54-8
72-55-9
50-29-3
333-41-5
53-70-3
84-74-2
16605-91-7
62-73-7
60-57-1
84-66-2
103-23-1
117-81-7
131-11-3
121-14-2
606-20-2
957-51-7
298-04-4
2497-07-6
2497-06-5
959-98-8
33213-65-9
1031-07-8
72-20-8
7421-93-4
759-94-4
13194-48-4
2593-15-9
22224-92-6
60168-88-9
86-73-7
59756-60-4
76-44-8
1024-57-3
392
282
52663-71-5
118-74-1
358
60145-22-4
Analyte
Hexachlorocyclohexane, alpha
Hexachlorocyclohexane, beta
Hexachlorocyclohexane, delta
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexazinone
Indeno[1,2,3,c,d]pyrene
Isophorone
Lindane
Merphos2
Methoxychlor
Methyl Paraoxon
Metolachlor
Metribuzin
Mevinphos
MGK 264
Molinate
Napropamide
Norflurazon
2,2', 3,3', 4,5', 6,6'-Octachlorobiphenyl
Pebulate
2,2', 3', 4,6'-Pentachlorobiphenyl
Pentachlorophenol
Phenanthrene
cis-Permethrin
trans-Permethrin
Prometon
Prometryn
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Pyrene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos2
Terbutryn
2,2', 4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl
Toxaphene
Triademefon
2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl
Tricyclazole
525.2-4
MW1
Chemical Abstract Services
Registry Number
288
288
288
270
252
276
138
288
298
344
247
283
214
224
275
187
271
303
319-84-6
319-85-7
319-86-8
77-47-4
51235-04-2
193-39-5
78-59-1
58-89-9
150-50-5
72-43-5
950-35-6
51218-45-2
21087-64-9
7786-34-7
113-48-4
2212-67-1
15299-99-7
27314-13-2
426
203
324
264
178
390
390
225
241
255
211
229
202
201
213
364
228
216
288
241
290
40186-71-8
1114-71-2
60233-25-2
87-86-5
85-01-8
54774-45-7
51877-74-8
1610-18-0
7287-19-6
23950-58-5
1918-16-7
139-40-2
129-00-0
122-34-9
1014-70-6
22248-79-9
34014-18-1
5902-51-2
13071-79-9
886-50-0
2437-79-8
8001-35-2
43121-43-3
15862-07-4
41814-78-2
293
256
189
MW1
Analyte
Trifluralin
Vernolate
Aroclor 1016
Aroclor 1221
Aroclor 1232
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1248
Aroclor 1254
Aroclor 1260
335
203
Chemical Abstract Services
Registry Number
1582-09-8
1929-77-7
12674-11-2
11104-28-2
11141-16-5
53469-21-9
12672-29-6
11097-69-1
11096-82-5
1
Monoisotopic molecular weight calculated from the atomic masses of the isotopes
with the smallest masses.
2
Only qualitative identification of these analytes is possible because of their instability
in aqueous matrices. Merphos, carboxin, disulfoton, and disulfoton sulfoxide showed
instability within 1 h of fortification. Diazinon, fenamiphos, and terbufos showed
significant losses within seven days under the sample storage conditions specified in
this method.
Attempting to determine all of the above analytes in all samples is not practical
and not necessary in most cases. If all the analytes must be determined,
multiple calibration mixtures will be required.
1.2
2.0
Method detection limit (MDL) is defined as the statistically calculated
minimum amount that can be measured with 99% confidence that the reported
value is greater than zero1. The MDL is compound dependent and is
particularly dependent on extraction efficiency and sample matrix. MDLs for all
method analytes are listed in Tables 3 through 6. The concentration calibration
range demonstrated in this method is 0.1-10 µg/L for most analytes.
SUMMARY OF METHOD
Organic compound analytes, internal standards, and surrogates are extracted from a
water sample by passing 1 L of sample water through a cartridge or disk containing a
solid matrix with a chemically bonded C18 organic phase (liquid-solid extraction, LSE).
The organic compounds are eluted from the LSE cartridge or disk with small quantities
of ethyl acetate followed by methylene chloride, and this extract is concentrated further
by evaporation of some of the solvent. The sample components are separated,
identified, and measured by injecting an aliquot of the concentrated extract into a high
resolution fused silica capillary column of a gas chromatography/mass spectrometry
(GC/MS) system. Compounds eluting from the GC column are identified by comparing
their measured mass spectra and retention times to reference spectra and retention
times in a data base. Reference spectra and retention times for analytes are obtained by
the measurement of calibration standards under the same conditions used for samples.
525.2-5
The concentration of each identified component is measured by relating the MS
response of the quantitation ion produced by that compound to the MS response of the
quantitation ion produced by a compound that is used as an internal standard.
Surrogate analytes, whose concentrations are known in every sample, are measured with
the same internal standard calibration procedure.
3.0
DEFINITIONS
3.1
Internal Standard (IS) -- A pure analyte(s) added to a sample, extract, or
standard solution in known amount(s) and used to measure the relative
responses of other method analytes and surrogates that are components of the
same solution. The internal standard must be an analyte that is not a sample
component.
3.2
Surrogate Analyte (SA) -- A pure analyte(s), which is extremely unlikely to be
found in any sample, and which is added to a sample aliquot in known
amount(s) before extraction or other processing, and is measured with the same
procedures used to measure other sample components. The purpose of the SA is
to monitor method performance with each sample.
3.3
Laboratory Duplicates (LD1 and LD2) -- Two aliquots of the same sample taken
in the laboratory and analyzed separately with identical procedures. Analyses of
LD1 and LD2 indicate precision associated with laboratory procedures, but not
with sample collection, preservation, or storage procedures.
3.4
Field Duplicates (FD1 and FD2) -- Two separate samples collected at the same
time and place under identical circumstances, and treated exactly the same
throughout field and laboratory procedures. Analyses of FD1 and FD2 give a
measure of the precision associated with sample collection, preservation, and
storage, as well as with laboratory procedures.
3.5
Laboratory Reagent Blank (LRB) -- An aliquot of reagent water or other blank
matrix that is treated exactly as a sample including exposure to all glassware,
equipment, solvents, reagents, internal standards, and surrogates that are used
with other samples. The LRB is used to determine if method analytes or other
interferences are present in the laboratory environment, the reagents, or the
apparatus.
3.6
Field Reagent Blank (FRB) -- An aliquot of reagent water or other blank matrix
that is placed in a sample container in the laboratory and treated as a sample in
all respects, including shipment to the sampling site, exposure to sampling site
conditions, storage, preservation, and all analytical procedures. The purpose of
the FRB is to determine if method analytes or other interferences are present in
the field environment.
525.2-6
4.0
3.7
Instrument Performance Check Solution (IPC) -- A solution of one or more
method analytes, surrogates, internal standards, or other test substances used to
evaluate the performance of the instrument system with respect to a defined set
of method criteria.
3.8
Laboratory Fortified Blank (LFB) -- An aliquot of reagent water or other blank
matrix to which known quantities of the method analytes are added in the
laboratory. The LFB is analyzed exactly like a sample, and its purpose is to
determine whether the methodology is in control, and whether the laboratory is
capable of making accurate and precise measurements.
3.9
Laboratory Fortified Sample Matrix (LFM) -- An aliquot of an environmental
sample to which known quantities of the method analytes are added in the
laboratory. The LFM is analyzed exactly like a sample, and its purpose is to
determine whether the sample matrix contributes bias to the analytical results.
The background concentrations of the analytes in the sample matrix must be
determined in a separate aliquot and the measured values in the LFM corrected
for background concentrations.
3.10
Stock Standard Solution (SSS) -- A concentrated solution containing one or
more method analytes prepared in the laboratory using assayed reference
materials or purchased from a reputable commercial source.
3.11
Primary Dilution Standard Solution (PDS) -- A solution of several analytes
prepared in the laboratory from stock standard solutions and diluted as needed
to prepare calibration solutions and other needed analyte solutions.
3.12
Calibration Standard (CAL) -- A solution prepared from the primary dilution
standard solution or stock standard solutions and the internal standards and
surrogate analytes. The CAL solutions are used to calibrate the instrument
response with respect to analyte concentration.
3.13
Quality Control Sample (QCS) -- A solution of method analytes of known
concentrations which is used to fortify an aliquot of LRB or sample matrix. The
QCS is obtained from a source external to the laboratory and different from the
source of calibration standards. It is used to check laboratory performance with
externally prepared test materials.
INTERFERENCES
4.1
During analysis, major contaminant sources are reagents and liquid- solid
extraction devices. Analyses of field and laboratory reagent blanks provide
information about the presence of contaminants.
525.2-7
4.2
5.0
6.0
Interfering contamination may occur when a sample containing low
concentrations of compounds is analyzed immediately after a sample containing
relatively high concentrations of compounds. Syringes and splitless injection
port liners must be cleaned carefully or replaced as needed. After analysis of a
sample containing high concentrations of compounds, a laboratory reagent blank
should be analyzed to ensure that accurate values are obtained for the next
sample.
SAFETY
5.1
The toxicity or carcinogenicity of chemicals used in this method has not been
precisely defined; each chemical should be treated as a potential health hazard,
and exposure to these chemicals should be minimized. Each laboratory is
responsible for maintaining awareness of OSHA regulations regarding safe
handling of chemicals used in this method. Additional references to laboratory
safety are cited2-4.
5.2
Some method analytes have been tentatively classified as known or suspected
human or mammalian carcinogens. Pure standard materials and stock standard
solutions of these compounds should be handled with suitable protection to skin,
eyes, etc.
EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES (All specifications are suggested. Catalog numbers are
included for illustration only.)
6.1
All glassware must be meticulously cleaned. This may be accomplished by
washing with detergent and water, rinsing with water, distilled water, or
solvents, air-drying, and heating (where appropriate) in a muffle furnace.
Volumetric glassware should never be heated to the temperatures obtained in a
muffle furnace.
6.2
Sample Containers -- 1 L or 1 qt amber glass bottles fitted with Teflon-lined
screw caps. Amber bottles are highly recommended since some of the method
analytes are very sensitive to light and are oxidized or decomposed upon
exposure.
6.3
Volumetric Flasks -- Various sizes.
6.4
Laboratory or Aspirator Vacuum System -- Sufficient capacity to maintain a
minimum vacuum of approximately 13 cm (5 in.) of mercury for cartridges. A
greater vacuum (66 cm [26 in.] of mercury) may be used with disks.
6.5
Micro Syringes -- Various sizes.
525.2-8
6.6
Vials -- Various sizes of amber vials with Teflon-lined screw caps.
6.7
Drying Column -- The drying tube should contain about 5-7 g of anhydrous
sodium sulfate to prohibit residual water from contaminating the extract. Any
small tube may be used, such as a syringe barrel, a glass dropper, etc. as long as
no sodium sulfate passes through the column into the extract.
6.8
Analytical Balance -- Capable of weighing 0.0001 g accurately.
6.9
Fused Silica Capillary Gas Chromatography Column -- Any capillary column
that provides adequate resolution, capacity, accuracy, and precision
(Section 10.0) can be used. Medium polar, low bleed columns are
recommended for use with this method to provide adequate chromatography
and minimize column bleed. A 30 m X 0.25 mm id fused silica capillary column
coated with a 0.25 µm bonded film of polyphenylmethylsilicone (J&W
DB-5.MS) was used to develop this method. Any column which provides
analyte separations equivalent to or better than this column may be used.
6.10
Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer/Data System (GC/MS/DS)
6.10.1 The GC must be capable of temperature programming and be equipped
for splitless/split injection. On-column capillary injection is acceptable if
all the quality control specifications in Section 9.0 and Section 10.0 are
met. The injection tube liner should be quartz and about 3 mm in
diameter. The injection system must not allow the analytes to contact
hot stainless steel or other metal surfaces that promote decomposition.
6.10.2 The GC/MS interface should allow the capillary column or transfer line
exit to be placed within a few mm of the ion source. Other interfaces, for
example the open split interface, are acceptable as long as the system has
adequate sensitivity (see Section 10.0 for calibration requirements).
6.10.3 The mass spectrometer must be capable of electron ionization at a
nominal electron energy of 70 eV to produce positive ions. The
spectrometer must be capable of scanning at a minimum from
45-450 amu with a complete scan cycle time (including scan overhead)
of 1.0 second or less. (Scan cycle time = total MS data acquisition time
in seconds divided by number of scans in the chromatogram). The
spectrometer must produce a mass spectrum that meets all criteria in
Table 1 when an injection of approximately 5 ng of DFTPP is introduced
into the GC. An average spectrum across the DFTPP GC peak may be
used to test instrument performance. The scan time should be set so that
all analytes have a minimum of five scans across the chromatographic
peak.
525.2-9
6.10.4 An interfaced data system is required to acquire, store, reduce, and
output mass spectral data. The computer software must have the
capability of processing stored GC/MS data by recognizing a GC peak
within any given retention time window, comparing the mass spectrum
from the GC peak with spectral data in a user-created data base, and
generating a list of tentatively identified compounds with their retention
times and scan numbers. The software must also allow integration of the
ion abundance of any specific ion between specified time or scan number
limits, calculation of response factors as defined in Section 10.2.6 (or
construction of a linear regression calibration curve), calculation of
response factor statistics (mean and standard deviation), and calculation
of concentrations of analytes using either the calibration curve or the
equation in Section 12.0.
7.0
6.11
Standard Filter Apparatus, All Glass or Teflon Lined -- These should be used to
carry out disk extractions when no automatic system or manifold is utilized.
6.12
A manifold system or an automatic or robotic commercially available sample
preparation system designed for either cartridges or disks may be utilized in this
method if all quality control requirements discussed in Section 9.0 are met.
REAGENTS AND STANDARDS
7.1
Helium Carrier Gas -- As contaminant free as possible.
7.2
Liquid-Solid Extraction (LSE) Cartridges -- Cartridges are inert non-leaching
plastic, for example polypropylene, or glass, and must not contain plasticizers,
such as phthalate esters or adipates, that leach into the ethyl acetate and
methylene chloride eluant. The cartridges are packed with about 1 g of silica, or
other inert inorganic support, whose surface is modified by chemically bonded
octadecyl (C18) groups. The packing must have a narrow size distribution and
must not leach organic compounds into the eluting solvent. One liter of water
should pass through the cartridge in about two hours with the assistance of a
slight vacuum of about 13 cm (5 in.) of mercury. Section 9.0 provides criteria
for acceptable LSE cartridges which are available from several commercial
suppliers.
The extraction disks contain octadecyl bonded silica uniformly enmeshed in an
inert matrix. The disks used to generate the data in this method were 47 mm in
diameter and 0.5 mm in thickness. Other disk sizes are acceptable and larger
disks may be used for special problems or when sample compositing is carried
out. As with cartridges, the disks should not contain any organic compounds,
either from the matrix or the bonded silica, which will leach into the ethyl
acetate and methylene chloride eluant. One L of reagent water should pass
525.2-10
through the disks in five to 20 minutes using a vacuum of about 66 cm (26 in.)
of mercury. Section 9.0 provides criteria for acceptable LSE disks which are
available commercially.
7.3
Solvents
7.3.1 Methylene Chloride, Ethyl Acetate, Acetone, Toluene, and Methanol -High purity pesticide quality or equivalent.
7.3.2 Reagent Water -- Water in which an interference is not observed at the
method detection limit of the compound of interest. Prepare reagent
water by passing tap water through a filter bed containing about 0.5 kg of
activated carbon or by using a water purification system. Store in clean,
narrow-mouth bottles with Teflon-lined septa and screw caps.
7.4
Hydrochloric Acid -- 6N.
7.5
Sodium Sulfate, Anhydrous -- (Soxhlet extracted with methylene chloride for a
minimum of four hours or heated to 400 C for two hours in a muffle furnace.)
7.6
Stock Standard Solutions (SSS) -- Individual solutions of surrogates, internal
standards, and analytes, or mixtures of analytes, may be purchased from
commercial suppliers or prepared from pure materials. To prepare, add 10 mg
(weighed on an analytical balance to 0.1 mg) of the pure material to 1.9 mL of
methanol, ethyl acetate, or acetone in a 2 mL volumetric flask, dilute to the
mark, and transfer the solution to an amber glass vial. If the analytical standard
is available only in quantities smaller than 10 mg, reduce the volume of solvent
accordingly. Some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are not soluble in
methanol, ethyl acetate, or acetone, and their stock standard solutions are
prepared in toluene. Methylene chloride should be avoided as a solvent for
standards because its high vapor pressure leads to rapid evaporation and
concentration changes. Methanol, ethyl acetate, and acetone are not as volatile
as methylene chloride, but their solutions must also be handled with care to
avoid evaporation. If compound purity is confirmed by the supplier at >96%,
the weighed amount can be used without correction to calculate the
concentration of the solution (5 µg/µL). Store the amber vials at 4 C or less.
7.7
Primary Dilution Standard Solution (PDS) -- The stock standard solutions are
used to prepare a primary dilution standard solution that contains multiple
analytes. Mixtures of these analytes to be used as primary dilution standards
may be purchased from commercial suppliers. Do not put every method analyte
in a single primary dilution standard because chromatographic separation will be
extremely difficult, if not impossible. Two or three primary dilution standards
would be more appropriate. The recommended solvent for these standards is
525.2-11
acetone or ethyl acetate. Aliquots of each of the stock standard solutions are
combined to produce the primary dilution in which the concentration of the
analytes is at least equal to the concentration of the most concentrated
calibration solution, that is, 10 ng/µL. Store the primary dilution standard
solution in an amber vial at 4 C or less, and check frequently for signs of
degradation or evaporation, especially just before preparing calibration solutions.
7.8
Fortification Solution of Internal Standards and Surrogates -- Prepare an internal
standard solution of acenaphthene-D10, phenanthrene-D10, and chrysene-D12, in
methanol, ethyl acetate, or acetone at a concentration of 500 µg/mL of each.
This solution is used in the preparation of the calibration solutions. Dilute a
portion of this solution by 10 to a concentration of 50 µg/mL and use this
solution to fortify the actual water samples (see Section 11.1.3 and Section
11.2.3). Similarly, prepare both surrogate compound solutions (500 µg/mL for
calibration, 50 µg/mL for fortification). Surrogate compounds used in
developing this method are 1,3-dimethyl-2-nitrobenzene, perylene-D12, and
triphenylphosphate. Other surrogates, for example pyrene-D10 may be used in
this solution as needed (a 100 µL aliquot of this 50 µg/mL solution added to 1 L
of water gives a concentration of 5 µg/L of each internal standard or surrogate).
Store these solutions in an amber vial at 4 C or less. These two solutions may
be combined or made as a single solution.
7.9
GC/MS Performance Check Solution -- Prepare a solution in methylene chloride
of the following compounds at 5 ng/µL of each: DFTPP and endrin, and 4,4'DDT. Store this solution in an amber vial at 4 C or less. DFTPP is less stable
in acetone or ethyl acetate than it is in methylene chloride.
7.10
Calibration Solutions (CAL1 through CAL6) -- Prepare a series of six
concentration calibration solutions in ethyl acetate which contain analytes of
interest (except pentachlorophenol, toxaphene, and the Aroclor compounds) at
suggested concentrations of 10, 5, 2, 1, 0.5, and 0.1 ng/µL, with a constant
concentration of 5 ng/µL of each internal standard and surrogate in each CAL
solution. It should be noted that CAL1 through CAL6 are prepared by
combining appropriate aliquots of a primary dilution standard solution
(Section 7.7) and the fortification solution (500 µg/mL) of internal standards
and surrogates (Section 7.8). All calibration solutions should contain at least
80% ethyl acetate to avoid gas chromatographic problems. IF ALL METHOD
ANALYTES ARE TO BE DETERMINED, TWO OR THREE SETS OF
CALIBRATION SOLUTIONS WILL LIKELY BE REQUIRED.
Pentachlorophenol is included in this solution at a concentration four times the
other analytes. Toxaphene CAL solutions should be prepared as separate
solutions at concentrations of 250, 200, 100, 50, 25, and 10 ng/µL. Aroclor
CAL solutions should be prepared individually at concentrations of 25, 10, 5,
2.5, 1.0, 0.5, and 0.2 ng/µL. Store these solutions in amber vials in a dark cool
525.2-12
place. Check these solutions regularly for signs of degradation, for example, the
appearance of anthraquinone from the oxidation of anthracene.
8.0
7.11
Reducing Agent, Sodium Sulfite, Anhydrous -- Sodium thiosulfate is not
recommended as it may produce a residue of elemental sulfur that can interfere
with some analytes.
7.12
Fortification Solution for Recovery Standard -- Prepare a solution of
terphenyl-D14 at a concentration of 500 µg/mL in methylene chloride or ethyl
acetate. These solutions are also commercially available. An aliquot of this
solution should be added to each extract to check on the recovery of the internal
standards in the extraction process.
SAMPLE COLLECTION, PRESERVATION, AND STORAGE
8.1
Sample Collection -- When sampling from a water tap, open the tap and allow
the system to flush until the water temperature has stabilized (usually about two
minutes). Adjust the flow to about 500 mL/min. and collect samples from the
flowing stream. Keep samples sealed from collection time until analysis. When
sampling from an open body of water, fill the sample container with water from
a representative area. Sampling equipment, including automatic samplers, must
be free of plastic tubing, gaskets, and other parts that may leach interfering
analytes into the water sample. Automatic samplers that composite samples
over time should use refrigerated glass sample containers if possible.
8.2
Sample Dechlorination and Preservation -- All samples should be iced or
refrigerated at 4 C and kept in the dark from the time of collection until
extraction. Residual chlorine should be reduced at the sampling site by addition
of 40-50 mg of sodium sulfite (this may be added as a solid with stirring or
shaking until dissolved) to each water sample. It is very important that the
sample be dechlorinated prior to adding acid to lower the pH of the sample.
Adding sodium sulfite and HCl to the sample bottles prior to shipping to the
sampling site is not permitted. Hydrochloric acid should be used at the sampling
site to retard the microbiological degradation of some analytes in water. The
sample pH is adjusted to <2 with 6 N hydrochloric acid. This is the same pH
used in the extraction, and is required to support the recovery of acidic
compounds like pentachlorophenol.
8.2.1 If cyanizine is to be determined, a separate sample must be collected.
Cyanazine degrades in the sample when it is stored under acidic
conditions or when sodium sulfite is present in the stored sample.
Samples collected for cyanazine determination MUST NOT be
dechlorinated or acidified when collected. They should be iced or
refrigerated as described above and analyzed within 14 days. However,
525.2-13
these samples MUST be dechlorinated and acidified immediately prior to
fortification with internal standards and surrogates, and extraction using
the same quantities of acid and sodium sulfite described above.
8.2.2 Atraton and prometon are not efficiently extracted from water at pH 2
due to what appears to be their ionization in solution under acidic
conditions. In order to determine these analytes accurately, a separate
sample must be collected and dechlorinated with sodium sulfite, but no
acid should be added. At neutral pH, these two compounds are
recovered from water with efficiencies greater than 90%. The data in
Tables 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 are from samples extracted at pH 2.
8.3
Holding Time -- Results of the time/storage study of all method analytes showed
that all but six compounds are stable for 14 days in water samples when the
samples are dechlorinated, preserved, and stored as described in Section 8.2.
Therefore, samples must be extracted within 14 days. If the following analytes
are to be determined, the samples cannot be held for 14 days but must be
extracted immediately after collection and preservation: carboxin, diazinon,
disulfoton, disulfoton sulfoxide, fenamiphos, and terbufos. Sample extracts may
be stored at 4 C for up to 30 days after sample extraction.
8.4
Field Blanks
8.4.1 Processing of a field reagent blank (FRB) is recommended along with
each sample set, which is composed of the samples collected from the
same general sample site at approximately the same time. At the
laboratory, fill a sample container with reagent water, seal, and ship to
the sampling site along with the empty sample containers. Return the
FRB to the laboratory with the filled sample bottles.
8.4.2 When sodium sulfite and hydrochloric acid are added to samples, use the
same procedure to add the same amounts to the FRB.
9.0
QUALITY CONTROL
9.1
Quality control (QC) requirements are the initial demonstration of laboratory
capability followed by regular analyses of laboratory reagent blanks, laboratory
fortified blanks, and laboratory fortified matrix samples. A MDL should be
determined for each analyte of interest. The laboratory must maintain records
to document the quality of the data generated. Additional quality control
practices are recommended.
9.2
Initial Demonstration of Low Disk or Cartridge System Background -- Before
any samples are analyzed, or any time a new supply of cartridges or disks is
525.2-14
received from a supplier, it must be demonstrated that a laboratory reagent
blank (LRB) is reasonably free of contamination that would prevent the
determination of any analyte of concern. In this same experiment, it must be
demonstrated that the particle size and packing of the LSE cartridges or the
preparation of the disks are acceptable. Consistent flow rate with all samples is
an indication of acceptable particle size distribution, packing, and proper
preparation.
9.2.1 A source of potential contamination is the liquid-solid extraction (LSE)
cartridge or disk which could contain phthalate esters, silicon
compounds, and other contaminants that could prevent the
determination of method analytes5. Although disks are generally made of
an inert matrix, they may still contain phthalate material. Generally,
phthalate esters can be leached from the cartridges into ethyl acetate and
methylene chloride and produce a variable background in the water
sample. If the background contamination is sufficient to prevent
accurate and precise measurements, the condition must be corrected
before proceeding with the initial demonstration.
9.2.2 Other sources of background contamination are solvents, reagents, and
glassware. Background contamination must be reduced to an acceptable
level before proceeding with the next section. In general, background
from method analytes should be below the method detection limits.
9.2.3 One L of water should pass through a cartridge in about two hours with a
partial vacuum of about 13 cm (5 in.) of mercury. Using full aspirator or
pump vacuum, approximately five to 20 minutes will normally be
required to pass one liter of drinking water through a disk. The
extraction time should not vary unreasonably among LSE cartridges or
disks.
9.3
Initial Demonstration of Laboratory Accuracy and Precision -- Analyze four to
seven replicates of a laboratory fortified blank containing each analyte of
concern at a suggested concentration in the range of 2-5 µg/L. This
concentration should be approximately in the middle of the calibration range,
and will be dependent on the sensitivity of the instrumentation used.
9.3.1 Prepare each replicate by adding sodium sulfite and HCl according to
Section 8.2, then adding an appropriate aliquot of the primary dilution
standard solution, or certified quality control sample, to reagent water.
Analyze each replicate according to the procedures described in
Section 11.0.
525.2-15
9.3.2 Calculate the measured concentration of each analyte in each replicate,
the mean concentration of each analyte in all replicates, and mean
accuracy (as mean percentage of true value) for each analyte, and the
precision (as relative standard deviation, RSD) of the measurements for
each analyte.
9.3.3 For each analyte and surrogate, the mean accuracy, expressed as a
percentage of the true value, should be 70-130% and the RSD should be
<30%. If these criteria are not met, locate the source of the problem,
and repeat with freshly prepared LFBs.
9.3.4 Analyze seven replicate laboratory fortified blanks which have been
fortified with all analytes of interest at approximately 0.5 µg/L. Calculate
the MDL of each analyte using the procedure described in Section
13.1.21. It is recommended that these analyses be performed over a
period of three or four days to produce more realistic method detection
limits.
9.3.5 Develop and maintain a system of control charts to plot the precision
and accuracy of analyte and surrogate measurements as a function of
time. Charting of surrogate recoveries is an especially valuable activity
since these are present in every sample and the analytical results will
form a significant record of data quality.
9.4
Monitor the integrated areas of the quantitation ions of the internal standards
and surrogates in continuing calibration checks (see Section 10.3). In laboratory
fortified blanks or samples, the integrated areas of internal standards and
surrogates will not be constant because the volume of the extract will vary (and
is difficult to keep constant). But the ratios of the areas should be reasonably
constant in laboratory fortified blanks and samples. The addition of 10 µL of
the recovery standard, terphenyl-D14 (500 µg/mL), to the extract is
recommended to be used to monitor the recovery of the internal standards in
laboratory fortified blanks and samples. Internal standard recovery should be in
excess of 70%.
9.5
With each batch of samples processed as a group within a 12-hour work shift,
analyze a laboratory reagent blank to determine the background system
contamination. Any time a new batch of LSE cartridges or disks is received, or
new supplies of other reagents are used, repeat the demonstration of low
background described in Section 9.2.
9.6
With each batch of samples processed as a group within a work shift, analyze a
single laboratory fortified blank (LFB) containing each analyte of concern at a
concentration as determined in Section 9.3. If more than 20 samples are
525.2-16
included in a batch, analyze a LFB for every 20 samples. Use the procedures
described in Section 9.3.3 to evaluate the accuracy of the measurements. If
acceptable accuracy cannot be achieved, the problem must be located and
corrected before additional samples are analyzed. Add the results to the
on-going control charts to document data quality.
Note: If the LFB for each batch of samples contains the individual PCB
congeners listed in Section 1.0, then a LFB for each Aroclor is not required. At
least one LFB containing toxaphene should be extracted for each 24 hour period
during which extractions are performed. Toxaphene should be fortified in a
separate LFB from other method analytes.
If individual PCB congeners are not part of the LFB, then it is suggested that one
multi-component analyte (toxaphene, chlordane or an Aroclor) LFB be analyzed
with each sample set. By selecting a different multi-component analyte for this
LFB each work shift, LFB data can be obtained for all of these analytes over the
course of several days.
9.7
Determine that the sample matrix does not contain materials that adversely
affect method performance. This is accomplished by analyzing replicates of
laboratory fortified matrix samples and ascertaining that the precision, accuracy,
and method detection limits of analytes are in the same range as obtained with
laboratory fortified blanks. If a variety of different sample matrices are analyzed
regularly, for example, drinking water from groundwater and surface water
sources, matrix independence should be established for each. Over time, LFM
data should be documented for all routine sample sources for the laboratory. A
laboratory fortified sample matrix should be analyzed for every 20 samples
processed in the same batch. If the recovery data for a LFM does not meet the
criteria in Section 9.3.3., and LFBs show the laboratory to be in control , then
the samples from that matrix (sample location) are documented as suspect due
to matrix effects.
9.8
With each set of samples, a FRB should be analyzed. The results of this analysis
will help define contamination resulting from field sampling and transportation
activities.
9.9
At least quarterly, analyze a quality control sample from an external source. If
measured analyte concentrations are not of acceptable accuracy (Section 9.3.3),
check the entire analytical procedure to locate and correct the problem source.
9.10
Numerous other quality control measures are incorporated into other parts of
this procedure, and serve to alert the analyst to potential problems.
525.2-17
10.0
CALIBRATION AND STANDARDIZATION
10.1
Demonstration and documentation of acceptable initial calibration is required
before any samples are analyzed and is required intermittently throughout
sample analysis as dictated by results of continuing calibration checks. After
initial calibration is successful, a continuing calibration check is required each
day or at the beginning of each period in which analyses are performed not to
exceed 12 hours. Additional periodic calibration checks are good laboratory
practice. It is recommended that an additional calibration check be performed
at the end of each period of continuous instrument operation, so that all field
sample analyses are bracketed by a calibration check standard.
10.2
Initial Calibration
10.2.1 Calibrate the mass and abundance scales of the MS with calibration
compounds and procedures prescribed by the manufacturer with any
modifications necessary to meet the requirements in Section 10.2.2.
10.2.2 Inject into the GC/MS system a 1 µL aliquot of the 5 ng/µL solution of
DFTPP, endrin and 4,4'-DDT. If desired, the endrin and DDT
degradation checks may be performed simultaneously with the DFTPP
check or in a separate injection. Acquire a mass spectrum that includes
data for m/z 45-450. Use GC conditions that produce a narrow (at least
five scans per peak) symmetrical peak for each compound
(Section 10.2.3.1 and Section 10.2.3.2). If the DFTPP mass spectrum
does not meet all criteria in Table 1, the MS must be retuned and
adjusted to meet all criteria before proceeding with calibration. A single
spectrum or an average spectrum across the GC peak may be used to
evaluate the performance of the system. Locate any degradation
products of endrin (endrin ketone [EK] and endrin aldehyde [EA]) and
4,4'-DDT (4,4'-DDE and 4,4'-DDD) at their appropriate retention times
and quantitation ions (Table 2). Endrin ketone can be located at 1.1 to
1.2 times the endrin retention time with prominent m/z 67 and 317 ions
in the mass spectrum. If degradation of either endrin or DDT exceeds
20%, maintenance is required on the GC injection port and possibly
other areas of the system before proceeding with the calibration.
Calculate percent breakdown using peak areas based on total ion current
(TIC) as follows:
% 4,4'-DDT breakdown =
TIC area of DDT degradation peaks (DDE DDD)
x 100
TIC area of total DDT peaks (DDT DDE DDD)
525.2-18
% endrin breakdown=
TIC area of endrin degradation peaks (EA EK)
x 100
TIC area of total endrin peaks (endrin EA EK)
10.2.3 Inject a 1 µL aliquot of a medium concentration calibration solution, for
example 0.5-2 µg/L, and acquire and store data from m/z 45-450 with a
total cycle time (including scan overhead time) of 1.0 second or less.
Cycle time should be adjusted to measure at least five or more spectra
during the elution of each GC peak. Calibration standards for toxaphene
and Aroclors must be injected individually.
10.2.3.1
The following are suggested multi-ramp temperature
program GC conditions. Adjust the helium carrier gas
flow rate to about 33 cm/sec. Inject at 45 C and hold in
splitless mode for one minute. Heat rapidly to 130 C. At
three minutes start the temperature program: 130-180 C
at 12 /min.; 180-240 C at 7 /min.; 240-320 C at
12 /min. Start data acquisition at four minutes.
10.2.3.2
Single ramp linear temperature program suggested GC
conditions. Adjust the helium carrier gas flow rate to
about 33 cm/sec. Inject at 40 C and hold in splitless
mode for one minute. Heat rapidly to 160 C. At
three minutes start the temperature program: 160-320 C
at 6 /min.; hold at 320 C for two minutes. Start data
acquisition at three minutes.
10.2.4 Performance Criteria for the Calibration Standards -- Examine the stored
GC/MS data with the data system software.
10.2.4.1
GC Performance -- Anthracene and phenanthrene should
be separated by baseline. Benz[a]anthracene and
chrysene should be separated by a valley whose height is
less than 25% of the average peak height of these two
compounds. If the valley between benz[a]anthracene and
chrysene exceeds 25%, the GC column requires
maintenance. See Section 10.3.6.
10.2.4.2
MS Sensitivity -- The GC/MS/DS peak identification
software should be able to recognize a GC peak in the
appropriate retention time window for each of the
compounds in the calibration solution, and make correct
525.2-19
identifications. If fewer than 99% of the compounds are
recognized, system maintenance is required. See
Section 10.3.6.
10.2.5 If all performance criteria are met, inject a 1 µL aliquot of each of the
other CAL solutions using the same GC/MS conditions. Calibration
standards of toxaphene and Aroclors must be injected individually.
10.2.5.1
Some GC/MS systems may not be sensitive enough to
detect some of the analytes in the two lowest
concentration CAL solutions. In this case, the analyst
should prepare additional CAL solutions at slightly higher
concentrations to obtain at least five calibration points
that bracket the expected analyte concentration range.
10.2.6 Calculate a response factor (RF) for each analyte of interest and surrogate
for each CAL solution using the internal standard whose retention time is
nearest the retention time of the analyte or surrogate. Table 2 contains
suggested internal standards for each analyte and surrogate, and
quantitation ions for all compounds. This calculation is supported in
acceptable GC/MS data system software (Section 6.10.4), and many
other software programs. The RF is a unitless number, but units used to
express quantities of analyte and internal standard must be equivalent.
Note: To calibrate for multi-component analytes (toxaphene and
Aroclors), one of the following methods should be used.
Option 1 - Calculate an average response factor or linear regression
equation for each multi-component analyte from the combined area of all
its component peaks identified in the calibration standard
chromatogram, using two to three of the suggested quantitation ions in
Table 2.
Option 2 - Calculate an average response factor or linear regression
equation for each multi-component analyte using the combined areas of
three to six of the most intense and reproducible peaks in each of the
calibration standard chromatograms. Use an appropriate quantitation
ion for each peak.
RF
(Ax) (Qis)
(Ais) (Qx)
525.2-20
where: Ax = integrated abundance of the quantitation ion of the analyte
Ais = integrated abundance of the quantitation ion internal
standard
Qx = quantity of analyte injected in ng or concentration units
Qis = quantity of internal standard injected in ng or
concentration units.
10.2.6.1
For each analyte and surrogate, calculate the mean RF
from the analyses of the six CAL solutions. Calculate the
standard deviation (SD) and the relative standard
deviation (RSD) from each mean: RSD = 100 (SD/M).
If the RSD of any analyte or surrogate mean RF exceeds
30%, either analyze additional aliquots of appropriate
CAL solutions to obtain an acceptable RSD of RFs over
the entire concentration range, or take action to improve
GC/MS performance. See Section 10.3.6.
10.2.7 As an alternative to calculating mean response factors, use the GC/MS
data system software or other available software to generate a linear
regression calibration by plotting Ax /Ais vs. Qx.
10.3
Continuing Calibration Check -- Verify the MS tune and initial calibration at
the beginning of each 12-hour work shift during which analyses are performed
using the following procedure.
10.3.1 Inject a 1 µL aliquot of the 5 ng/µL solution of DFTPP, endrin, and
4,4'-DDT. Acquire a mass spectrum for DFTPP that includes data for
m/z 45-450. Ensure that all criteria in Section 10.2.2 are met.
10.3.2 Inject a 1 µL aliquot of a calibration solution and analyze with the same
conditions used during the initial calibration. It is recommended that the
concentration of calibration solution be varied, so that the calibration
can be verified at more than one point.
Note: If the continuing calibration check standard contains the PCB
congeners listed in Section 1.0, calibration verification is not required for
each Aroclor. Calibration verification of toxaphene should be performed
at least once each 24 hour period.
10.3.3 Demonstrate acceptable performance for the criteria shown in
Section 10.2.4.
10.3.4 Determine that the absolute areas of the quantitation ions of the internal
standards and surrogate(s) have not changed by more than 30% from the
525.2-21
areas measured in the most recent continuing calibration check, or by
more than 50% from the areas measured during initial calibration. If
these areas have decreased by more than these amounts, adjustments
must be made to restore system sensitivity. These adjustments may
require cleaning of the MS ion source, or other maintenance as indicated
in Section 10.3.6, and recalibration. Control charts are useful aids in
documenting system sensitivity changes.
10.3.5 Calculate the RF for each analyte and surrogate from the data measured
in the continuing calibration check. The RF for each analyte and
surrogate must be within 30% of the mean value measured in the initial
calibration. Alternatively, if a linear regression is used, the calculated
amount for each analyte must be ±30% of the true value. If these
conditions do not exist, remedial action should be taken which may
require recalibration. Any field sample extracts that have been analyzed
since the last acceptable calibration verification should be reanalyzed
after adequate calibration has been restored.
10.3.5.1
Because of the large number of compounds on the analyte
list, it is possible for a few analytes of interest to be outside
the continuing calibration criteria. If analytes that missed
the calibration check are detected in samples, they may be
quantified using a single point calibration. The single
point standards should be prepared at concentrations that
produce responses close (±20%) to those of the
unknowns. If the same analyte misses the continuing
calibration check on three consecutive work shifts,
remedial action MUST be taken. If more than 10% of the
analytes of interest miss the continuing calibration check
on a single day, remedial action MUST be taken.
10.3.6 Some Possible Remedial Actions -- Major maintenance such as cleaning
an ion source, cleaning quadrupole rods, replacing filament assemblies,
etc. require returning to the initial calibration step.
10.3.6.1
Check and adjust GC and/or MS operating conditions;
check the MS resolution, and calibrate the mass scale.
10.3.6.2
Clean or replace the splitless injection liner; silanize a new
injection liner.
10.3.6.3
Flush the GC column with solvent according to
manufacturer's instructions.
525.2-22
11.0
10.3.6.4
Break off a short portion (about 1 m) of the column from
the end near the injector; or replace GC column. This
action will cause a change in retention times.
10.3.6.5
Prepare fresh CAL solutions, and repeat the initial
calibration step.
10.3.6.6
Clean the MS ion source and rods (if a quadrupole).
10.3.6.7
Replace any components that allow analytes to come into
contact with hot metal surfaces.
10.3.6.8
Replace the MS electron multiplier, or any other faulty
components.
PROCEDURE
11.1
Cartridge Extraction
11.1.1 This procedure may be carried out in the manual mode or in the
automated mode (Section 6.12) using a robotic or automatic sample
preparation device. If an automatic system is used to prepare samples,
follow the manufacturer's operating instructions, but follow this
procedure. If the manual mode is used, a suggested setup of the
extraction apparatus is shown in Figure 1A. The reservoir is not required,
but recommended for convenient operation. Water drains from the
reservoir through the LSE cartridge and into a syringe needle which is
inserted through a rubber stopper into the suction flask. A slight vacuum
of approximately 13 cm (5 in.) of mercury is used during all operations
with the apparatus. About two hours should be required to draw a liter
of water through the cartridge.
11.1.2 Elute each cartridge with a 5 mL aliquot of ethyl acetate followed by a 5
mL aliquot of methylene chloride. Let the cartridge drain dry after each
flush. Then elute the cartridge with a 10 mL aliquot of methanol, but
DO NOT allow the methanol to elute below the top of the cartridge
packing. From this point, do not allow the cartridge to go dry. Add
10 mL of reagent water to the cartridge, but before the reagent water
level drops below the top edge of the packing, begin adding sample to the
solvent reservoir.
11.1.3 Pour the water sample into the 2 L separatory funnel with the stopcock
closed, add 5 mL methanol, and mix well. If a vacuum manifold is used
instead of the separatory funnel, the sample may be transferred directly
525.2-23
to the cartridge after the methanol is added to the sample. (Residual
chlorine should not be present as a reducing agent should have been
added at the time of sampling. Also the pH of the sample should be
about 2. If residual chlorine is present and/or the pH is >2, the sample
may be invalid.) Add a 100 µL aliquot of the fortification solution (50
µg/mL) for internal standards and surrogates, and mix immediately until
homogeneous. The resulting concentration of these compounds in the
water should be 5 µg/L.
11.1.4 Periodically transfer a portion of the sample into the solvent reservoir.
The water sample will drain into the cartridge, and from the exit into the
suction flask. Maintain the packing material in the cartridge immersed in
water at all times. After all of the sample has passed through the LSE
cartridge, draw air or nitrogen through the cartridge for 10 minutes.
11.1.5 Transfer the 125 mL solvent reservoir and LSE cartridge (from
Figure 1A) to the elution apparatus if used (Figure 1B). The same
125 mL solvent reservoir is used for both apparatus. Rinse the inside of
the 2 L separatory funnel and the sample jar with 5 mL of ethyl acetate
and elute the cartridge with this rinse into the collection tube. Wash the
inside of the separatory funnel and the sample jar with 5 mL methylene
chloride and elute the cartridge, collecting the rinse in the same
collection tube. Small amounts of residual water from the sample
container and the LSE cartridge may form an immiscible layer with the
eluate. Pass the eluate through the drying column (Section 6.7) which is
packed with approximately 5-7 g of anhydrous sodium sulfate and collect
in a second vial. Wash the sodium sulfate with at least 2 mL methylene
chloride and collect in the same vial. Concentrate the extract in a warm
water bath under a gentle stream of nitrogen. Do not concentrate the
extract to less than 0.5 mL, as this will result in losses of analytes. Make
any volume adjustments with ethyl acetate. It is recommended that an
aliquot of the recovery standard be added to the concentrated extract to
check the recovery of the internal standards (see Section 7.12).
11.2
Disk Extraction
11.2.1 This procedure was developed using the standard 47 mm diameter disks.
Larger disks (90 mm diameter) may be used if sample compositing is
being done or special matrix problems are encountered. If larger disks are
used, the washing solvent volume is 15 mL, the conditioning solvent
volume is 15 mL, and the elution solvent volume is two 15 mL aliquots.
11.2.1.1
Extractions using the disks may be carried out either in the
manual or automatic mode (Section 6.12) using an
525.2-24
automatic sample preparation device. If an automatic
system is used to prepare samples, follow the
manufacturer's operating instructions, but follow this
procedure. Insert the disk into the filter apparatus (Figure
2) or sample preparation unit. Wash the disk with 5 mL
of a 1:1 mixture of ethyl acetate (EtAc) and methylene
chloride (MeCl2) by adding the solvent to the disk,
drawing about half through the disk, allowing it to soak
the disk for about a minute, then drawing the remaining
solvent through the disk.
Note: Soaking the disk may not be desirable when disks
other than Teflon are used. Instead, apply a constant, low
vacuum in this Section and Section 11.2.1.2 to ensure
adequate contact time between solvent and disk.
11.2.1.2
Pre-wet the disk with 5 mL methanol (MeOH) by adding
the MeOH to the disk and allowing it to soak for about a
minute, then drawing most of the remaining MeOH
through. A layer of MeOH must be left on the surface of
the disk, which should not be allowed to go dry from this
point until the end of the sample extraction. THIS IS A
CRITICAL STEP FOR A UNIFORM FLOW AND GOOD
RECOVERY.
11.2.1.3
Rinse the disk with 5 mL reagent water by adding the
water to the disk and drawing most through, again leaving
a layer on the surface of the disk.
11.2.2 Add 5 mL MeOH per liter of water to the sample. Mix well. (Residual
chlorine should not be present as a reducing agent should have been
added at the time of sampling. Also the pH of the sample should be
about 2. If residual chlorine is present and/or the pH is >2, the sample
may be invalid.)
11.2.3 Add 100 µL of the internal standard and surrogate compound
fortification solution (50 µg/mL) to the sample and shake or mix until the
sample is homogeneous. The resulting concentration of these compounds
in the water should be 5 µg/L.
11.2.4 Add the water sample to the reservoir and apply full vacuum to begin the
extraction. Particulate-free water may pass through the disk in as little as
five minutes without reducing analyte recoveries. Extract the entire
sample, draining as much water from the sample container as possible.
Dry the disk by maintaining vacuum for about 10 minutes.
525.2-25
11.2.5 Remove the filtration top, but do not disassemble the reservoir and
fritted base. If a suction flask is being used, empty the water from the
flask, and insert a suitable collection tube to contain the eluant. The
only constraint on the sample tube is that it fit around the drip tip of the
fritted base. Reassemble the apparatus.
11.2.6 Add 5 mL of ethyl acetate to the sample bottle, and rinse the inside walls
thoroughly. Allow the solvent to settle to the bottom of the bottle, then
transfer it to the disk. A disposable pipet or syringe may be used to do
this, rinsing the sides of the glass filtration reservoir in the process. Draw
about half of the solvent through the disk, release the vacuum, and allow
the disk to soak for a minute. Draw the remaining solvent through the
disk.
Note: Soaking the disk may not be desirable if disks other than Teflon
are used. Instead, apply a constant, low vacuum in this Section and
Section 11.2.7 to ensure adequate contact time between solvent and
disk.
11.2.7 Repeat the above step (Section 11.2.6) with methylene chloride.
11.2.8 Using a syringe or disposable pipet, rinse the filtration reservoir with two
3 mL portions of 1:1 EtAc:MeCl2. Draw the solvent through the disk
and into the collector tube. Pour the combined eluates (Section 11.2.6
through Section 11.2.8) through the drying tube (Section 6.7) containing
about 5-7 g of anhydrous sodium sulfate. Rinse the drying tube and
sodium sulfate with two 3 mL portions of 1:1 EtAc:MeCl2 mixture.
Collect all the extract and washings in a concentrator tube.
11.2.9 While gently heating the extract in a water bath or a heating block,
concentrate to between 0.5 mL and 1 mL under a gentle stream of
nitrogen. Do not concentrate the extract to less than 0.5 mL, since this
will result in losses of analytes. Make any volume adjustments with ethyl
acetate. It is recommended that an aliquot of the recovery standard be
added to the concentrated extract to check the recovery of the internal
standards (see Section 7.12).
11.3
Analyze a 1 µL aliquot with the GC/MS system under the same conditions used
for the initial and continuing calibrations (Section 10.2.3).
11.4
At the conclusion of data acquisition, use the same software that was used in the
calibration procedure to tentatively identify peaks in predetermined retention
time windows of interest. Use the data system software to examine the ion
abundances of components of the chromatogram.
525.2-26
11.5
Identification of Analytes -- Identify a sample component by comparison of its
mass spectrum (after background subtraction) to a reference spectrum in the
user-created data base. The GC retention time of the sample component should
be within five seconds of the retention time observed for that same compound in
the most recently analyzed continuing calibration check standard.
11.5.1 In general, all ions that are present above 10% relative abundance in the
mass spectrum of the standard should be present in the mass spectrum of
the sample component and should agree within absolute 20%. For
example, if an ion has a relative abundance of 30% in the standard
spectrum, its abundance in the sample spectrum should be in the range of
10-50%. Some ions, particularly the molecular ion, are of special
importance, and should be evaluated even if they are below 10% relative
abundance.
11.5.2 Identification is hampered when sample components are not resolved
chromatographically and produce mass spectra containing ions
contributed by more than one analyte. When GC peaks obviously
represent more than one sample component (i.e., broadened peak with
shoulder(s) or valley between two or more maxima), appropriate analyte
spectra and background spectra can be selected by examining plots of
characteristic ions for tentatively identified components. When analytes
coelute (i.e., only one GC peak is apparent), the identification criteria
can be met but each analyte spectrum will contain extraneous ions
contributed by the coeluting compound.
11.5.3 Structural isomers that produce very similar mass spectra can be
explicitly identified only if they have sufficiently different GC retention
times. See Section 10.2.4.1. Acceptable resolution is achieved if the
height of the valley between two isomer peaks is less than 25% of the
average height of the two peak heights. Otherwise, structural isomers are
identified as isomeric pairs. Benzo[b] and benzo[k]fluoranthene may be
measured as an isomeric pair. MGK 264 is made up of two structural
isomers. These are listed separately in the data tables.
11.5.4 Each multi-component analyte can be identified by the presence of its
individual components in a characteristic pattern based on the relative
amounts of each component present. Chromatograms of standard
materials of multi-component analytes should be carefully evaluated, so
that these patterns can be recognized by the analyst.
525.2-27
12.0
DATA ANALYSIS AND CALCULATIONS
12.1
Complete chromatographic resolution is not necessary for accurate and precise
measurements of analyte concentrations if unique ions with adequate intensities
are available for quantitation. In validating this method, concentrations were
calculated by measuring the characteristic ions listed in Table 2. If the response
of any analyte exceeds the calibration rage established in Section 10.0, dilute the
extract and reanalyze.
12.1.1 Calculate analyte and surrogate concentrations, using the multipoint
calibration established in Section 10.0. Do not use daily calibration
verification data to quantitate analytes in samples.
Cx
(Ax) (Qis)
(Ais) RF V
where: Cx = concentration of analyte or surrogate in µg/L in the water
sample
Ax = integrated abundance of the quantitation ion of the analyte
in the sample
Ais = integrated abundance of the quantitation ion of the internal
standard in the sample
Qis = total quantity (in micrograms) of internal standard added
to the water sample
V = original water sample volume in liters
RF = mean response factor of analyte from the initial calibration.
RF is a unitless value
12.1.2 Alternatively, use the GC/MS system software or other available proven
software to compute the concentrations of the analytes and surrogates
from the linear regression established in Section 10.0. Do not use daily
calibration verification data to quantitate analytes in samples.
12.1.3 Calculations should utilize all available digits of precision, but final
reported concentrations should be rounded to an appropriate number of
significant figures (one digit of uncertainty). Experience indicates that
three significant figures may be used for concentrations above 99 µg/L,
two significant figures for concentrations between 1-99 µg/L, and one
significant figure for lower concentrations.
12.2
To quantitate multi-component analytes (toxaphene and Aroclors), one of the
following methods should be used.
525.2-28
Option 1 - Calculate an average RF or linear regression equation for each multicomponent analyte from the combined area of all its component peaks identified
in the calibration standard chromatogram, using two to three of the suggested
quantitation ions in Table 2.
Option 2 - Calculate an average response factor or linear regression equation for
each multi-component analyte using the combined areas of three to six of the
most intense and reproducible peaks in each of the calibration standard
chromatograms.
When quantifying multi-component analytes in samples, the analyst should use
caution to include only those peaks from the sample that are attributable to the
multi-component analyte. Option 1 should not be used if there are significant
interference peaks within the Aroclor or toxaphene pattern. Option 2 was used
to generate the data in Table 6.
13.0
METHOD PERFORMANCE
13.1
Single laboratory accuracy and precision data (Tables 3-6) for each listed analyte
(except multi-component analytes) were obtained at a concentration of 0.5 µg/L
and/or 5 µg/L in reagent water utilizing both the disk and the cartridge
technology and two different GC/MS systems, an ion trap and a quadrupole
mass spectrometer. Table 8 lists accuracy and precision data from replicate
determinations of method analytes in tap water using liquid-solid cartridge
extractions and the ion trap mass spectrometer. Any type of GC/MS system
may be used to perform this method if it meets the requirement in Sect. 6.10
and the quality control criteria in Section 9.0. The multi-component analytes
(i.e., toxaphene and Aroclors) are presented in Tables 5 and 6. The average
recoveries in the tables represent six to eight replicate analyses done over a
minimum of a two-day period.
13.1.2 With these data, the method detection limits (MDL) in the tables were
calculated using the formula:
MDL
S t(n
1, 1 alpha
0.99)
where: t(n-1,1-alpha = 0.99) = Student's t value for the 99% confidence level
with n-1 degrees of freedom
n = number of replicates
S = standard deviation of replicate analyses
13.2
Problem Compounds
525.2-29
13.2.1 Some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), including the labeled
PAHs used in this method as internal standards, are rapidly oxidized
and/or chlorinated in water containing residual chlorine. Therefore,
residual chlorine must be reduced at the time of sampling. These same
types of compounds, especially anthracene, benz[a]anthracene, and
benzo[a]pyrene, are susceptible to photodegradation. Therefore, care
should be taken to avoid exposing standards, samples, and extracts to
direct light. Low recoveries of some PAH compounds have been observed
when the cartridge or disk was air dried longer than 10 minutes (Section
11.1.4 and Section 11.2.4). Drying times longer than 10 minutes should
be avoided, or nitrogen may be used to dry the cartridge or disk to
minimize the possible oxidation of these analytes during the drying step.
13.2.2 Merphos is partially converted to DEF in aqueous matrices, and also
when introduced into a hot gas chromatographic injection system. The
efficiency of this conversion appears to be unpredictable and not
reproducible. Therefore, merphos cannot be quantified and can only be
identified by the presence of DEF in the sample.
13.2.3 Several of the nitrogen and/or phosphorus containing pesticides listed as
method analytes are difficult to chromatograph and appear as broad,
asymmetrical peaks. These analytes, whose peak shapes are typically
poor, are listed in Table 7. The method performance for these analytes is
strongly dependent on chromatographic efficiency and performance.
Poor peak shapes will affect the linearity of the calibration curves and
result in poor accuracy at low concentrations. Also listed in Table 7 are
data generated at a mid-concentration level for these analytes. In most
cases, the data at this concentration meet the quality control criteria
requirements of the method.
13.2.4 Phthalate esters and other background components appear in variable
quantities in laboratory and field reagent blanks, and generally cannot be
accurately measured at levels below about 2 µg/L. Subtraction of the
concentration in the blank from the concentration in the sample at or
below the 2 µg/L level is not recommended because the concentration of
the background in the blank is highly variable.
13.2.5 Atraton and prometon are not efficiently extracted from the water at pH
2 due to what appears to be their ionization occurring in solution under
acidic conditions. In order to determine these analytes accurately, a
separate sample must be collected and dechlorinated with sodium sulfite,
but no HCl should be added at the time of collection. At neutral pH,
these two compounds are recovered from water with efficiencies greater
525.2-30
than 90%. The data in Tables 3, 4, 5, 6, and 8 are from samples
extracted at pH 2.
13.2.6 Carboxin, disulfoton, and disulfoton sulfoxide were found to be unstable
in water and began to degrade almost immediately. These analytes may
be identified by this method but not accurately measured.
13.2.7 Low recoveries of metribuzin were observed in samples fortified with
relatively high concentrations of additional method analytes. In samples
fortified with approximately 80 analytes at 5 µg/L each, metribuzin was
recovered at about 50% efficiency. This suggests that metribuzin may
break through the C-18 phase in highly contaminated samples resulting
in low recoveries.
13.2.8 If cyanazine is to be determined, a separate sample must be collected.
Cyanazine degrades in the sample when it is stored under acidic
conditions or when sodium sulfite is present in the stored sample.
Samples collected for cyanazine determination MUST NOT be
dechlorinated or acidified when collected. They should be iced or
refrigerated and analyzed within 14 days. However, these samples
MUST be dechlorinated and acidified immediately prior to fortification
with internal standards and surrogates, and extraction using the same
quantities of acid and sodium sulfite described in Section 8.0.
14.0
15.0
POLLUTION PREVENTION
14.1
This method utilizes liquid-solid extraction (LSE) technology to remove the
analytes from water. It requires the use of very small volumes of organic solvent
and very small quantities of pure analytes, thereby eliminating the potential
hazards to both the analyst and the environment involved with the use of large
volumes of organic solvents in conventional liquid-liquid extractions.
14.2
For information about pollution prevention that may be applicable to laboratory
operations, consult "Less Is Better: Laboratory Chemical Management for
Waste Reduction" available from the American Chemical Society's Department
of Government Relations and Science Policy, 1155 16th Street N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20036.
WASTE MANAGEMENT
15.1
It is the laboratory's responsibility to comply with all federal, state, and local
regulations governing waste management, particu-larly the hazardous waste
identification rules and land disposal restrictions. The laboratory using this
method has the respons-ibility to protect the air, water, and land by minimizing
and controlling all releases from fume hoods and bench operations. Compliance
525.2-31
is also required with any sewage discharge permits and regulations. For further
information on waste management, see "The Waste Management Manual for
Laboratory Personnel", also avail-able from the American Chemical Society at
the address in Section 14.2.
16.0
REFERENCES
1.
Glaser, J. A., D. L. Foerst, G. D. McKee, S. A. Quave, and W. L. Budde. "Trace
Analyses for Wastewaters", Environ. Sci. Technol. 1981 15, 1426-1435. or 40 CFR,
Part 136, Appendix B.
2.
"Carcinogens - Working With Carcinogens", Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for
Occupational Safety and Health, Publication No. 77-206, August 1977.
3.
"OSHA Safety and Health Standards, General Industry", (29CFR1910), Occupational
Safety and Health Administration, OSHA 2206, (Revised, January 1976).
4.
"Safety in Academic Chemistry Laboratories", American Chemical Society Publication,
Committee on Chemical Safety, 3rd Edition, 1979.
5.
Junk, G. A., M. J. Avery, J. J. Richard. "Interferences in Solid-Phase Extraction Using
C-18 Bonded Porous Silica Cartridges", Anal. Chem. 1988, 60, 1347.
525.2-32
17.0
TABLES, DIAGRAMS, FLOWCHARTS, AND VALIDATION DATA
TABLE 1. ION ABUNDANCE CRITERIA FOR BIS(PERFLUOROPHENYL)PHENYL PHOSPHINE (DECAFLUOROTRIPHENYLPHOSPHINE, DFTPP)
Mass
(M/z)
Relative Abundance
Criteria
Purpose of Checkpoint1
51
10-80% of the base peak
Low-mass sensitivity
68
<2% of Mass 69
Low-mass resolution
70
<2% of Mass 69
Low-mass resolution
127
10-80% of the base peak
Low- to mid-mass sensitivity
197
<2% of Mass 198
Mid-mass resolution
198
Base peak or >50% of Mass 442
Mid-mass resolution and sensitivity
199
5-9% of Mass 198
Mid-mass resolution and isotope ratio
275
10-60% of the base peak
Mid- to high-mass sensitivity
365
>1% of the base peak
Baseline threshold
441
Present and < Mass 443
High-mass resolution
442
Base peak or >50% of Mass 198
High-mass resolution and sensitivity
443
15-24% of Mass 442
High-mass resolution and isotope ratio
1
All ions are used primarily to check the mass measuring accuracy of the mass
spectrometer and data system, and this is the most important part of the performance
test. The three resolution checks, which include natural abundance isotope ratios,
constitute the next most important part of the performance test. The correct setting of
the baseline threshold, as indicated by the presence of low intensity ions, is the next
most important part of the performance test. Finally, the ion abundance ranges are
designed to encourage some standardization to fragmentation patterns.
525.2-33
TABLE 2. RETENTION TIME DATA, QUANTITATION IONS, AND
INTERNAL STANDARD REFERENCES FOR METHOD ANALYTES
Retention
Time (min:sec)
Compound
A
a
B
b
Quantitation
IS
Ion
Reference #
Internal Standards
Acenaphthene-d10 (#1)
Chrysene-d12
(#2)
Phenanthrene-d10
(#3)
7:47
21:33
11:37
7:01
18:09
10:13
164
240
188
Surrogates
1,3-Dimethyl-2-Nitrobenzene
Perylene-d12
Triphenylphosphate
5:16
26:60
20:25
4:33
21:31
17:25
134
264
326/325
1
3
3
152
160
66
227/170
178
152/256/292
152/222/256
152/256/292
152/256/292
152/256/292
220/326/360
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
326/360/394
2
Target Analytes
Acenaphthylene
Alachlor
Aldrin
Ametryn
Anthracene
Aroclor 1016
Aroclor 1221
Aroclor 1232
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1248
Aroclor 1254
7:30
12:59
14:24
13:11
11:50
Aroclor 1260
Atraton
Atrazine
Benz[a]anthracene
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Bromacil
Butachlor
Butylate
Butylbenzylphthalate
Carboxin
Chlordane, (alpha-Chlordane)
10:31
10:49
21:31
25:33
25:45
31:16
25:24
13:46
16:25
6:60
19:39
17:37
16:43
6:46
11:24
12:31
11:35
10:24
7:30-14:00
6:38-11:25
6:38-13:54
6:38-15:00
8:47-15:00
11:0018:00
13:1021:00
9:25
9:38
18:08
20:44
20:48
24:18
21:25
12:03
14:16
6:23
16:53
15:13
14:28
525.2-34
196/169
200/215
228
252
252
276
252
205
176/160
57/146
149
143
375/373
1
1/2
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
1
2/3
2
2/3
TABLE 2. RETENTION TIME DATA, QUANTITATION IONS, AND
INTERNAL STANDARD REFERENCES FOR METHOD ANALYTES
Retention
Time (min:sec)
Compound
Chlordane, (gamma-Chlordane)
Chlordane, (trans-Nonachlor)
Chlorneb
Chlorobenzilate
2-Chlorobiphenyl
Chlorpropham
Chlorpyrifos
Chlorothalonil
Chrysene
Cyanazine
Cycloate
DCPA
4,4'-DDD
4,4'-DDE
4,4'-DDT
DEF
Diazinon
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
Di-n-Butylphthalate
2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl
Dichlorvos
Dieldrin
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)adipate
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate
Diethylphthalate
Dimethylphthalate
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
Diphenamid
Disulfoton
Disulfoton Sulfone
Disulfoton Sulfoxide
Endosulfan I
Endosulfan II
Endosulfan Sulfate
Endrin
Endrin Aldehyde
EPTC
Ethoprop
a
A
16:19
16:47
7:47
18:22
7:53
9:33
14:10
11:38
21:39
14:14
9:23
14:20
18:40
17:20
19:52
17:24
11:19
30:32
13:49
10:20
5:31
17:35
20:11
22:11
8:68
7:13
8:08
7:19
14:52
11:43
16:28
6:09
16:44
18:35
19:47
18:15
19:02
6:23
9:19
525.2-35
b
B
14:05
14:30
7:05
15:52
7:08
8:36
12:23
10:15
18:13
12:28
8:26
12:30
16:05
14:59
17:00
15:05
10:05
23:47
12:07
9:12
4:52
15:09
17:19
18:39
7:53
6:34
7:22
6:40
12:58
10:22
14:17
5:31
14:26
15:59
16:54
15:42
16:20
5:46
8:23
Quantitation
IS
Ion
Reference #
373
2/3
409
2/3
191
1
139
2
188
1
127
1
197/97
2
266
2
228
3
225/68
2
83/154
1
301
2
235/165
2
246
2
235/165
2
57/169
2
137/179
2
278
3
149
2
222/152
1
109
1
79
2
129
2/3
149
2/3
149
1
163
1
165
1
165
1
72/167
2
88
2
213/153
2
97
1
195
2
195
2
272
2
67/81
2
67
2
128
1
158
1
TABLE 2. RETENTION TIME DATA, QUANTITATION IONS, AND
INTERNAL STANDARD REFERENCES FOR METHOD ANALYTES
Retention
Time (min:sec)
a
A
Etridiazole
7:14
Fenamiphos
16:48
Fenarimol
23:26
Fluorene
8:59
Fluridone
26:51
HCH, alpha
10:19
HCH, beta
10:57
HCH, delta
11:57
HCH, gamma (Lindane)
11:13
Heptachlor
13:19
Heptachlor epoxide
15:34
2,2',3,3',4,4',6-Heptachlorobiphen 21:23
yl
Hexachlorobenzene
10:27
2,2',4,4',5,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl
17:32
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
5:16
Hexazinone
20:00
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene
30:26
Isophorone
4:54
Merphos
15:38
Methoxychlor
21:36
Methyl Paraoxon
11:57
Metolachlor
14:07
Metribuzin
12:46
Mevinphos
5:54
MGK 264 - Isomer a
15:18
MGK 264 - Isomer b
14:55
Molinate
8:19
Napropamide
16:53
Norflurazon
19:31
2,2',3,3',4,5',6,6'-Octachlorobiphen 21:33
yl
Pebulate
7:18
2,2',3',4,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl
15:37
Pentachlorophenol
11:01
Permethrin, cis
24:25
Permethrin, trans
24:39
Phenanthrene
11:41
Prometon
10:39
Compound
525.2-36
b
B
6:37
14:34
19:24
8:03
21:26
9:10
9:41
10:32
9:54
11:37
13:29
18:04
Quantitation
IS
Ion
Reference #
211/183
1
303/154
2
139
3
166
1
328
3
181
1
181
2
181
2
181
2
100
2
81
2
394/396
3
9:15
15:09
5:38
17:06
23:43
4:10
13:35
18:14
10:22
12:20
11:13
6:19
13:00
13:19
7:30
14:37
16:46
18:11
284
360
237
171
276
82
209/153
227
109
162
198
127
164/66
164
126
72
145
430/428
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
3
2
2
2
1
2
2
1
2
2
3
6:40
13:33
9:45
20:01
20:10
10:16
9:32
128
326
266
183
183
178
225/168
1
2
2
3
3
2
2
TABLE 2. RETENTION TIME DATA, QUANTITATION IONS, AND
INTERNAL STANDARD REFERENCES FOR METHOD ANALYTES
Retention
Time (min:sec)
Compound
Prometryn
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Pyrene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Terbutryn
2,2',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl
Toxaphene
Triademefon
2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl
Tricyclazole
Trifluralin
Vernolate
a
a
A
13:15
11:19
9:00
10:54
16:41
10:41
13:04
16:20
8:00
11:44
11:14
13:39
14:02
14:30
12:44
17:15
9:31
7:10
b
B
11:39
10:02
8:07
9:43
14:24
9:33
11:29
14:11
7:16
10:24
9:58
11:58
12:14
13:0021:00
12:40
10:53
14:51
8:37
6:32
Quantitation
IS
Ion
Reference #
241/184
2
173
2
120
1
214/172
2
202
2
201/186
2
213
2
109
2
156
1
161
2
57
2
226/185
2
292
2
159
2
57
256
189
306
128
Single-ramp linear temperature program conditions (Section 10.2.3.2).
Multi-ramp linear temperature program conditions (Section 10.2.3.1).
b
525.2-37
2
2
2
1
1
TABLE 3. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE
QUADRUPOLE MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Mean
Relative Method
Mean Standard Accuracy
True Observed Deviatio
(% of
Conc.
Conc.
n
True
MDL
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
Conc.) (µg/L)
Surrogates
1,3-Dimethyl-2-Nitrobenzene
Perylene-d12
Triphenylphosphate
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.7
4.9
5.5
Target Analytes
Acenaphthylene
Alachlor
Aldrin
Ametryn
Anthracene
Aroclor 1016
Aroclor 1221
Aroclor 1232
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1448
Aroclor 1254
Aroclor 1260
Atratona
Atrazine
Benz[a]anthracene
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Bromacil
Butachlor
Butylate
Butylbenzylphthalate
Carboxin
Chlordane (alpha-Chlordane)
Chlordane (gamma-Chlordane)
Chlordane (trans-Nonachlor)
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
5.0
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.45
0.47
0.40
0.44
0.53
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.35
0.54
0.41
0.49
0.51
0.72
0.58
0.54
0.62
0.52
0.77
3.8
0.36
0.40
0.43
525.2-38
3.9
4.8
6.3
94
98
110
8.2
12
9.3
6.9
4.3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
15
4.8
16
20
35
2.2
1.9
6.4
4.1
4.1
11
12
11
8.8
17
91
93
80
88
106
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
70
109
82
98
102
144
116
108
124
105
154
76
72
80
87
0.11
0.16
0.11
0.092
0.068
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.16
0.078
0.20
0.30
0.54
0.047
0.032
0.10
0.076
0.064
0.25
1.4
0.12
0.11
0.22
TABLE 3. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE
QUADRUPOLE MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Chlorneb
Chlorobenzilate
2-Chlorobiphenyl
Chlorpropham
Chlorpyrifos
Chlorothalonil
Chrysene
Cyanazine
Cycloate
DCPA
4,4'-DDD
4,4'-DDE
4,4'-DDT
Diazinon
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
Di-n-butylphthalate
2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl
Dichlorvos
Dieldrin
Di(2-ethylhexyl)adipate
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
Diethylphthalate
Dimethylphthalate
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
Diphenamid
Disulfoton
Disulfoton Sulfone
Disulfoton Sulfoxide
Endosulfan I
Endosulfan II
Endosulfan Sulfate
Endrin
Endrin Aldehyde
Mean
Relative Method
Mean Standard Accuracy
True Observed Deviatio
(% of
Conc.
Conc.
n
True
MDL
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
Conc.) (µg/L)
0.50
0.51
5.7
102
0.088
5.0
6.5
6.9
130
1.3
0.50
0.40
7.2
80
0.086
0.50
0.61
6.2
121
0.11
0.50
0.55
2.7
110
0.044
0.50
0.57
6.9
113
0.12
0.50
0.39
7.0
78
0.082
0.50
0.71
8.0
141
0.17
0.50
0.52
6.1
104
0.095
0.50
0.55
5.8
109
0.094
0.50
0.54
4.4
107
0.071
0.50
0.40
6.3
80
0.075
0.50
0.79
3.5
159
0.083
0.50
0.41
8.8
83
0.11
0.50
0.53
0.5
106
0.010
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.50
0.40
11
80
0.14
0.50
0.55
9.1
110
0.15
0.50
0.48
3.7
96
0.053
0.50
0.42
7.1
84
0.090
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.50
0.59
9.6
118
0.17
0.50
0.60
3.2
120
0.058
0.50
0.60
5.6
119
0.099
0.50
0.60
8.8
121
0.16
0.50
0.54
2.5
107
0.041
5.0
3.99
5.1
80
0.62
0.50
0.74
3.2
148
0.070
0.50
0.58
12
116
0.20
0.50
0.55
18
110
0.30
0.50
0.50
29
99
0.44
0.50
0.62
7.2
124
0.13
0.50
0.54
18
108
0.29
0.50
0.43
15
87
0.19
525.2-39
TABLE 3. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE
QUADRUPOLE MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
EPTC
Ethoprop
Etridiazole
Fenamiphos
Fenarimol
Fluorene
Fluridone
HCH, alpha
HCH, beta
HCH, delta
HCH, gamma (Lindane)
Heptachlor
Heptachlor Epoxide
2,2',3,3',4,4',6-Heptachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorobenzene
2,2',4,4',5,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexazinone
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene
Isophorone
Methoxychlor
Methyl Paraoxon
Metolachlor
Metribuzin
Mevinphos
MGK 264 - Isomer a
MGK 264 - Isomer b
Molinate
Napropamide
Norflurazon
2,2',3,3',4,5',6,6'-Octachlorobipheny
l
Pebulate
2,2',3',4,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl
Mean
Relative Method
Mean Standard Accuracy
True Observed Deviatio
(% of
Conc.
Conc.
n
True
MDL
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
Conc.) (µg/L)
0.50
0.50
7.2
100
0.11
0.50
0.62
6.1
123
0.11
0.50
0.69
7.6
139
0.16
5.0
5.2
6.1
103
0.95
5.0
6.3
6.5
126
1.2
0.50
0.46
4.2
93
0.059
5.0
5.1
3.6
102
0.55
0.50
0.51
13
102
0.20
0.50
0.51
20
102
0.31
0.50
0.56
13
112
0.21
0.50
0.63
8.0
126
0.15
0.50
0.41
12
83
0.15
0.50
0.35
5.5
70
0.058
0.50
0.35
10
71
0.11
0.50
0.39
11
78
0.13
0.50
0.37
9.6
73
0.11
0.50
0.43
5.6
86
0.072
0.50
0.70
5.0
140
0.11
0.50
0.69
2.7
139
0.057
0.50
0.44
3.2
88
0.042
0.50
0.62
4.2
123
0.077
0.50
0.57
10
115
0.17
0.50
0.37
8.0
75
0.090
0.50
0.49
11
97
0.16
0.50
0.57
12
114
0.20
0.33
0.39
3.4
116
0.040
0.17
0.16
6.4
96
0.030
0.50
0.53
5.5
105
0.087
0.50
0.58
3.5
116
0.060
0.50
0.63
7.1
126
0.13
0.50
0.50
8.7
101
0.13
0.50
0.50
525.2-40
0.49
0.30
5.4
16
98
61
0.080
0.15
TABLE 3. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE
QUADRUPOLE MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Pentachlorophenol
Permethrin, cis
Permethrin, trans
Phenathrene
Prometona
Prometryn
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Pyrene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Terbutryn
2,2',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl
Toxaphene
Triademefon
2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl
Tricyclazole
Trifluralin
Vernolate
Mean
Relative Method
Mean Standard Accuracy
True Observed Deviatio
(% of
Conc.
Conc.
n
True
MDL
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
Conc.) (µg/L)
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.25
0.30
3.7
121
0.034
0.75
0.82
2.7
109
0.067
0.50
0.46
4.3
92
0.059
0.50
0.30
42
60
0.38
0.50
0.46
5.6
92
0.078
0.50
0.54
5.9
108
0.095
0.50
0.49
7.5
98
0.11
0.50
0.54
7.1
108
0.12
0.50
0.38
5.7
77
0.066
0.50
0.55
9.1
109
0.15
0.50
0.52
8.2
105
0.13
0.50
0.75
5.8
149
0.13
5.0
6.8
14
136
2.8
5.0
4.9
14
97
2.1
0.50
0.53
6.1
106
0.096
0.50
0.47
7.6
95
0.11
0.50
0.36
4.1
71
0.044
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.50
0.57
20
113
0.33
0.50
0.38
6.7
75
0.075
5.0
4.6
19
92
2.6
0.50
0.63
5.1
127
0.096
0.50
0.51
5.5
102
0.084
ND = Not determined.
a
Data from samples extracted at pH 2 - for accurate determination of this analyte, a
separate sample must be extracted at ambient pH.
525.2-41
TABLE 4. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE QUADRUPOLE
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Relative
Mean
Mean Standard Method
True Observed Deviatio Accuracy
Conc. Conc.
n
(% of True MDL
(µg/L) (µg/L)
(%)
Conc.)
(µg/L)
Surrogates
1,3-Dimethyl-2-Nitrobenzene
Perylene-d12
Triphenylphosphate
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.6
4.8
5.0
Target Analytes
Acenaphthylene
Alachlor
Aldrin
Ametryn
Anthracene
Aroclor 1016
Aroclor 1221
Aroclor 1232
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1248
Aroclor 1254
Aroclor 1260
Atratona
Atrazine
Benz[a]anthracene
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Bromacil
Butachlor
Butylate
Butylbenzylphthalate
Carboxin
Chlordane (alpha-Chlordane)
Chlordane (gamma-Chlordane)
Chlordane (trans-Nonachlor)
Chlorneb
Chlorobenzilate
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
5.0
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
5.0
0.47
0.50
0.39
0.38
0.49
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.07
0.60
0.38
0.61
0.61
0.69
0.58
0.49
0.63
0.50
0.78
2.7
0.37
0.40
0.45
0.51
7.9
525.2-42
2.6
1.6
2.5
8.4
5.8
13
28
13
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
139
3.7
6.1
2.5
27
1.4
6.1
23
2.1
4.9
5.5
12
5.5
4.2
7.8
7.3
8.4
93
95
101
94
100
78
76
98
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
19
119
76
121
122
138
116
99
127
99
156
54
74
80
90
100
156
0.12
0.087
0.16
0.32
0.18
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.29
0.065
0.070
0.046
0.50
0.029
0.11
0.34
0.039
0.073
0.13
0.98
0.061
0.050
0.11
0.11
2.0
TABLE 4. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE QUADRUPOLE
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
2-Chlorobiphenyl
Chlorpropham
Chlorpyrifos
Chlorothalonil
Chrysene
Cyanazine
Cycloate
DCPA
4,4'-DDD
4,4'-DDE
4,4'-DDT
Diazinon
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
Di-n-Butylphthalate
2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl
Dichlorvos
Dieldrin
Di-(2-ethylhexyl)adipate
Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate
Diethylphthalate
Dimethylphthalate
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
Diphenamid
Disulfoton
Disulfoton Sulfone
Disulfoton Sulfoxide
Endosulfan I
Endosulfan II
Endosulfan Sulfate
Endrin
Endrin Aldehyde
EPTC
Ethoprop
Etridiazole
Mean
True Observed
Conc. Conc.
(µg/L) (µg/L)
0.50
0.42
0.50
0.68
0.50
0.61
0.50
0.59
0.50
0.35
0.50
0.68
0.50
0.53
0.50
0.55
0.50
0.67
0.50
0.48
0.50
0.93
0.50
0.56
0.50
0.61
ND
ND
0.50
0.46
0.50
0.54
0.50
0.52
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.50
0.66
0.50
0.57
0.50
0.54
0.50
0.48
0.50
0.60
5.0
4.8
0.50
0.82
0.50
0.68
0.50
0.65
0.50
0.60
0.50
0.67
0.50
0.58
0.50
0.51
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.69
0.50
0.74
525.2-43
Relative
Mean
Standard Method
Deviatio Accuracy
n
(% of True
(%)
Conc.)
1.9
84
5.4
134
6.5
119
6.5
116
3.6
71
15
136
4.9
106
4.5
110
14
137
4.9
96
3.2
187
6.8
109
15
122
ND
ND
8.1
93
5.6
108
7.8
104
ND
ND
ND
ND
10
132
8.3
114
5.7
109
4.9
96
3.8
118
9.4
96
2.8
164
8.9
136
10
132
21
122
6.1
133
18
116
16
101
3.8
100
2.3
138
4.0
149
MDL
(µg/L)
0.023
0.11
0.12
0.11
0.038
0.31
0.077
0.073
0.28
0.070
0.090
0.11
0.28
ND
0.11
0.092
0.12
ND
ND
0.20
0.14
0.093
0.071
0.067
1.3
0.070
0.18
0.20
0.38
0.12
0.31
0.24
0.056
0.048
0.090
TABLE 4. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE QUADRUPOLE
MASS SPECTROMETER
Mean
True Observed
Conc. Conc.
Compound
(µg/L) (µg/L)
Fenamiphos
5.0
6.3
Fenarimol
5.0
7.5
Fluorene
0.50
0.47
Fluridone
5.0
5.7
HCH, alpha
0.50
0.54
HCH, beta
0.50
0.57
HCH, delta
0.50
0.61
HCH, gamma (Lindane)
0.50
0.62
Heptachlor
0.50
0.40
Heptachlor Epoxide
0.50
0.36
2,2',3,3',4,4',6-Heptachlorobiphen 0.50
0.36
yl
Hexachlorobenzene
0.50
0.47
2,2',4,4',5,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl 0.50
0.41
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
0.50
0.42
Hexazinone
0.50
0.85
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene
0.50
0.69
Isophorone
0.50
0.41
Methoxychlor
0.50
0.58
Methyl Paraoxon
0.50
0.62
Metolachlor
0.50
0.38
Metribuzin
0.50
0.54
Mevinphos
0.50
0.72
MGK 264 - Isomer a
0.33
0.40
MGK 264 - Isomer b
0.17
0.17
Molinate
0.50
0.53
Napropamide
0.50
0.64
Norflurazon
0.50
0.70
2,2',3,3',4,5',6,6'-Octachloro0.50
0.51
biphenyl
Pebulate
0.50
0.48
2,2',3',4,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl
0.50
0.35
Pentachlorophenol
2.0
1.9
Permethrin,cis
0.25
0.32
Permethrin,trans
0.75
0.89
525.2-44
Relative
Mean
Standard Method
Deviatio Accuracy
n
(% of True
(%)
Conc.)
8.8
124
5.5
150
8.1
94
4.5
114
12
107
17
112
8.2
120
6.6
124
12
80
8.7
71
13
71
MDL
(µg/L)
1.6
1.2
0.11
0.77
0.20
0.28
0.15
0.12
0.14
0.093
0.14
8.3
11
12
5.6
2.4
4.2
1.9
14
7.5
3.9
3.7
8.8
5.9
3.2
5.9
4.2
4.2
95
83
84
169
138
83
117
122
75
107
143
119
103
105
126
141
102
0.12
0.13
0.16
0.14
0.050
0.052
0.033
0.25
0.084
0.062
0.079
0.10
0.030
0.050
0.11
0.089
0.064
5.8
4.2
16
3.3
1.9
96
70
95
126
118
0.084
0.044
.89
0.031
0.051
TABLE 4. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE QUADRUPOLE
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Phenathrene
Prometona
Prometryn
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Pyrene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Terbutryn
2,2',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl
Toxaphene
Triademefon
2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl
Tricyclazole
Trifluralin
Vernolate
Mean
True Observed
Conc. Conc.
(µg/L) (µg/L)
0.50
0.48
0.50
0.21
0.50
0.46
0.50
0.58
0.50
0.49
0.50
0.59
0.50
0.40
0.50
0.60
0.50
0.41
0.50
0.84
5.0
9.3
5.0
5.0
0.50
0.62
0.50
0.46
0.50
0.40
ND
ND
0.50
0.73
0.50
0.44
5.0
6.8
0.50
0.62
0.50
0.51
Relative
Mean
Standard Method
Deviatio Accuracy
n
(% of True
(%)
Conc.)
5.0
95
66
45
24
93
7.1
113
5.4
98
5.0
117
3.2
79
10
120
15
83
3.2
168
8.6
187
11
100
4.2
123
23
94
7.4
79
ND
ND
7.2
145
5.3
89
12
137
2.6
124
3.4
100
MDL
(µg/L)
0.071
0.44
0.33
0.12
0.079
0.088
0.038
0.18
0.19
0.081
2.4
1.7
0.077
0.32
0.088
ND
0.16
0.071
2.4
0.048
0.051
ND = Not determined.
a
Data from samples extracted at ph 2 - for accurate determination of this analyte, a
separate sample must be extracted at ambient pH.
525.2-45
TABLE 5. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION
TRAP MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Surrogates
1,3-Dimethyl-2-Nitrobenzene
Perylene-d12
Triphenylphosphate
Target Analytes
Acenaphthylene
Alachlor
Aldrin
Ametryn
Anthracene
Aroclor 1016
Aroclor 1221
Aroclor 1232
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1248
Aroclor 1254a
Aroclor 1260
Atratonc
Atrazine
Benz[a]anthracene
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Bromacil
Butachlor
Butylate
Butylbenzylphthalateb
Carboxin
Chlordane, (alpha-Chlordane)
Chlordane, (gammaChlordane)
Chlordane, (trans-Nonachlor)
Relative
Mean Standard
True Observed Deviatio
Conc.
Conc.
n
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.3
4.8
8.4
18
13
98
86
96
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
1.0
ND
ND
ND
ND
1.0
1.0
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
5.0
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.58
0.42
0.46
0.42
1.1
ND
ND
ND
ND
1.1
0.96
0.35
0.55
0.43
0.44
0.34
0.38
0.36
0.45
0.67
0.52
5.7
0.58
0.47
0.50
8.8
4.0
3.5
3.3
3.8
4.4
ND
ND
ND
ND
17
9.3
11
5.0
7.3
16
22
31
21
9.1
12
5.2
7.7
22
12
10
100
115
85
91
84
113
ND
ND
ND
ND
110
96
70
109
85
88
68
76
73
90
133
104
114
117
95
99
0.50
0.48
11
525.2-46
96
MDL
(µg/L)
0.13
0.069
0.045
0.045
0.048
0.15
ND
ND
ND
ND
0.56
0.27
0.12
0.081
0.093
0.21
0.23
0.35
0.23
0.12
0.24
0.082
1.4
0.38
0.17
0.16
0.16
TABLE 5. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION
TRAP MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Chlorneb
Chlorobenzilate
2-Chlorobiphenyl
Chlorpropham
Chlorpyrifos
Chlorothalonil
Chrysene
Cyanazine
Cycloate
DCPA
4,4'-DDD
4,4'-DDE
4,4'-DDT
Diazinon
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
Di-n-Butylphthalateb
2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl
Dichlorvos
Dieldrin
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)adipate
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalateb
Diethylphthalate
Dimethylphthalate
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
Diphenamid
Disulfoton
Disulfoton Sulfone
Disulfoton Sulfoxide
Endosulfan I
Endosulfan II
Endosulfan Sulfate
Endrin
Endrin Aldehyde
EPTC
Mean
True Observed
Conc.
Conc.
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
0.50
0.51
0.50
0.61
0.50
0.47
0.50
0.55
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.62
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.49
0.50
0.52
0.50
0.55
0.50
0.52
0.50
0.41
0.50
0.54
0.50
0.37
0.50
0.37
5.0
6.2
0.50
0.45
0.50
0.53
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.59
5.0
6.5
0.50
0.63
0.50
0.51
0.50
0.45
0.50
0.40
0.50
0.55
0.50
0.62
0.50
0.64
0.50
0.57
0.50
0.60
0.50
0.64
0.50
0.58
0.50
0.62
0.50
0.58
0.50
0.53
525.2-47
Relative
Standard
Deviatio
n
(%)
8.1
9.7
4.8
8.1
2.4
5.3
9.2
13
7.6
7.2
3.6
5.8
2.4
2.7
29
4.6
5.8
8.0
10
18
6.6
15
9.5
18
17
6.5
9.8
3.5
8.6
6.1
3.9
5.4
18
8.7
7.7
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
103
123
94
109
99
123
99
97
103
109
103
81
108
75
74
124
90
106
100
117
130
126
102
91
80
111
124
128
114
121
128
116
124
116
105
MDL
(µg/L)
0.13
0.17
0.068
0.13
0.035
0.098
0.14
0.19
0.12
0.12
0.055
0.070
0.039
0.030
0.32
0.89
0.079
0.13
0.15
0.31
1.3
0.28
0.14
0.24
0.20
0.11
0.18
0.068
0.15
0.11
0.074
0.093
0.34
0.15
0.12
TABLE 5. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION
TRAP MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Ethoprop
Etridiazole
Fenamiphos
Fenarimol
Fluorene
Fluridone
HCH, alpha
HCH, beta
HCH, delta
HCH, gamma (Lindane)
Heptachlor
Heptachlor Epoxide
2,2',3,3',4,4',6-Heptachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorobenzene
2,2',4,4',5,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexazinone
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene
Isophorone
Methoxychlor
Methyl Paraoxon
Metolachlor
Metribuzin
Mevinphos
MGK 264 - Isomer a
MGK 264 - Isomer b
Molinate
Napropamide
Norflurazon
2,2',3,3',4,5',6,6'-Octachlorobiphenyl
Pebulate
Mean
True Observed
Conc.
Conc.
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
0.50
0.62
0.50
0.61
0.50
0.67
0.50
0.74
0.50
0.49
5.0
5.2
0.50
0.55
0.50
0.54
0.50
0.52
0.50
0.53
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.54
0.50
0.45
Relative
Standard
Deviatio
n
(%)
10
6.5
12
11
9.0
2.5
6.8
5.3
3.1
5.3
4.1
8.2
11
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
124
122
133
148
98
105
109
107
105
105
100
108
90
MDL
(µg/L)
0.19
0.12
0.24
0.25
0.13
0.39
0.11
0.085
0.049
0.084
0.061
0.13
0.15
0.50
0.50
0.41
0.40
6.0
15
82
80
0.074
0.18
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.33
0.16
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.34
0.80
0.36
0.54
0.58
0.85
0.58
0.54
0.47
0.38
0.18
0.55
0.63
0.82
0.49
13
5.6
28
7.9
7.7
3.7
4.8
14
12
9.5
5.4
5.2
10
3.8
19
68
159
71
107
115
170
117
108
95
113
105
111
127
165
99
0.13
0.14
0.30
0.13
0.13
0.094
0.085
0.22
0.17
0.11
0.029
0.086
0.20
0.093
0.28
0.50
0.56
6.1
112
0.10
525.2-48
TABLE 5. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION
TRAP MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
2,2',3',4,6-Pentachlorobiphen
yl
Pentachlorophenol
Permethrin,cis
Permethrin,trans
Phenanthrene
Prometonc
Prometryn
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Pyrene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Terbutryn
2,2',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl
Toxaphene
Triademefon
2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl
Tricyclazole
Trifluralin
Vernolate
Relative
Mean Standard
True Observed Deviatio
Conc.
Conc.
n
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
0.50
0.43
8.7
2.0
0.25
0.75
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
10
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
2.4
0.45
1.1
0.48
0.24
0.46
0.56
0.56
0.52
0.47
0.48
0.48
0.80
0.67
0.59
0.46
0.48
0.40
11
0.73
0.44
0.63
0.62
0.50
a
10
3.2
2.2
4.8
27
3.0
5.3
8.6
4.3
11
8.8
2.9
3.9
7.4
12
11
2.6
6.4
4.9
6.4
3.3
16
13
9.3
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
86
119
179
153
96
48
92
113
112
103
95
96
96
160
134
119
92
97
81
118
146
88
127
124
101
MDL
(µg/L)
0.11
0.72
0.043
0.074
0.069
0.20
0.041
0.089
0.14
0.066
0.16
0.13
0.042
0.093
0.15
0.22
0.15
0.038
0.077
1.7
0.14
0.043
0.31
0.24
0.14
Seven replicates.
Seven replicates in fortified tap water.
c
Data from samples extracted at pH 2 - for accurate determination of this analyte, a
separate sample must be extracted at ambient pH.
b
525.2-49
TABLE 6. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Relative
Mean Standard
True Observed Deviatio
Conc.
Conc.
n
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
Surrogates
1,3-dimethyl-2-nitrobenzene
perylene-d12
triphenylphosphate
5.0
5.0
5.0
4.9
4.9
5.9
10
4.5
8.1
98
98
117
Target Analytes
Acenaphthylene
Alachlor
Aldrin
Ametryn
Anthracene
Aroclor 1016
Aroclor 1221
Aroclor 1232
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1248
Aroclor 1254
Aroclor 1260a
Atratond
Atrazine
Benz[a]anthracene
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Bromacil
Butachlor
Butylate
Butylbenzylphthalateb
Carboxin
Chlordane, (alpha-Chlordane)
Chlordane, (gamma-Chlordane)
Chlordane, (trans-Nonachlor)
Chlorneb
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.20
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
5.0
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.51
0.54
0.45
0.41
0.39
0.25
0.26
0.24
0.26
0.24
0.22
0.21
0.10
0.56
0.44
0.50
0.46
0.47
0.44
0.49
0.66
0.50
5.7
0.40
0.50
0.51
0.52
0.54
4.5
6.6
6.3
23
15
4.7
6.1
4.7
4.9
4.1
3.7
2.2
46
4.6
7.4
9.1
2.2
7.9
12
4.4
5.1
5.4
7.7
38.1
4.3
7.2
6.2
6.3
102
108
90
82
79
123
130
121
129
118
110
108
21
111
88
100
91
95
89
99
132
100
114
79
101
102
104
108
525.2-50
MDL
(µg/L)
0.068
0.11
0.085
0.29
0.18
0.040
0.054
0.042
0.043
0.038
0.028
0.018
0.14
0.076
0.098
0.14
0.031
0.11
0.16
0.066
0.10
0.082
1.4
0.45
0.065
0.11
0.097
0.10
TABLE 6. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Chlorobenzilate
2-Chlorobiphenyl
Chlorpropham
Chlorpyrifos
Chlorothalonil
Chrysene
Cyanazine
Cycloate
DCPA
4,4'-DDD
4,4'-DDE
4,4'-DDT
Diazinon
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
Di-n-Butylphthalateb
2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl
Dichlorvos
Dieldrin
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)adipateb
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalateb
Diethylphthalate
Dimethylphthalate
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
Diphenamid
Disulfoton
Disulfoton Sulfone
Disulfoton Sulfoxide
Endosulfan I
Endosulfan II
Endosulfan Sulfate
Endrin
Endrin Aldehyde
EPTC
Ethoprop
Relative
Mean Standard
True Observed Deviatio
Conc.
Conc.
n
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
0.50
0.59
9.7
0.50
0.50
4.7
0.50
0.55
4.7
0.50
0.54
11
0.50
0.59
4.4
0.50
0.48
6.1
0.50
0.52
8.3
0.50
0.51
4.1
0.50
0.53
3.2
0.50
0.63
16
0.50
0.48
3.7
0.50
0.58
7.2
0.50
0.50
4.5
0.50
0.47
9.9
5.0
5.7
3.3
0.50
0.50
2.6
0.50
0.50
8.7
0.50
0.53
7.0
5.0
5.4
7.5
5.0
5.7
2.6
0.50
0.68
5.0
0.50
0.51
5.0
0.50
0.30
8.1
0.50
0.28
6.4
0.50
0.56
6.4
0.50
0.70
5.3
0.50
0.64
5.9
0.50
0.60
3.8
0.50
0.61
4.9
0.50
0.66
6.1
0.50
0.57
9.0
0.50
0.68
7.9
0.50
0.57
2.8
0.50
0.48
5.2
0.50
0.61
7.5
525.2-51
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
117
100
111
109
119
96
105
102
105
127
96
117
101
94
115
100
99
106
107
114
137
102
59
56
112
139
128
119
122
131
115
137
114
97
122
MDL
(µg/L)
0.17
0.070
0.079
0.18
0.079
0.088
0.13
0.063
0.051
0.31
0.054
0.13
0.068
0.14
0.59
0.039
0.13
0.11
1.3
0.46
0.10
0.077
0.072
0.054
0.11
0.11
0.11
0.068
0.089
0.12
0.16
0.16
0.048
0.076
0.14
TABLE 6. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Etridiazole
Fenamiphos
Fenarimol
Fluorene
Fluridone
HCH, alpha
HCH, beta
HCH, delta
HCH, gamma (Lindane)
Heptachlor
Heptachlor Epoxide
2,2',3,3',4,4',6-Heptachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorobenzene
2,2',4,4',5,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexazinone
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene
Isophorone
Methoxychlor
Methyl Paraoxon
Metolachlor
Metribuzin
Mevinphos
MGK 264 - Isomer a
MGK 264 - Isomer b
Molinate
Napropamide
Norflurazon
2,2',3,3',4,5',6,6'Octachlorobiphenyl
Pebulate
2,2',3',4,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl
Pentachlorophenol
Permethrin,cis
Relative
Mean Standard
True Observed Deviatio
Conc.
Conc.
n
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
0.50
0.54
4.2
0.50
0.67
10
0.50
0.59
5.8
0.50
0.53
3.4
5.0
5.2
2.3
0.50
0.55
5.0
0.50
0.54
4.1
0.50
0.53
3.6
0.50
0.50
3.2
0.50
0.49
4.0
0.50
0.50
3.2
0.50
0.46
7.3
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
108
133
118
106
104
110
109
106
100
98
100
92
MDL
(µg/L)
0.067
0.20
0.10
0.054
0.16
0.083
0.068
0.058
0.047
0.059
0.048
0.10
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.33
0.16
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.49
0.50
0.37
0.75
0.48
0.51
0.52
0.75
0.57
0.53
0.56
0.38
0.18
0.53
0.58
0.71
0.47
3.4
5.3
9.3
4.2
7.3
4.3
6.7
4.5
3.2
5.7
6.2
6.7
5.3
3.8
7.9
4.3
5.3
97
99
73
150
96
102
104
151
114
107
112
113
110
105
116
142
94
0.049
0.079
0.10
0.094
0.10
0.066
0.10
0.10
0.054
0.090
0.10
0.076
0.029
0.060
0.14
0.091
0.076
0.50
0.50
2.0
0.25
0.56
0.49
2.2
0.37
7.1
4.0
15
3.1
112
97
111
149
0.11
0.059
1.0
0.035
525.2-52
TABLE 6. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN REAGENT WATER
USING LIQUID-SOLID C-18 DISK EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Permethrin,trans
Phenanthrene
Prometond
Prometryn
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Pyrene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Terbutryn
2,2',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl
Toxaphenec
Triademefon
2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl
Tricyclazole
Trifluralin
Vernolate
Relative
Mean Standard
True Observed Deviatio
Conc.
Conc.
n
(µg/L)
(µg/L)
(%)
0.75
0.84
1.6
0.50
0.49
6.3
0.50
0.16
63
0.50
0.46
23
0.50
0.56
3.9
0.50
0.58
5.7
0.50
0.53
4.7
0.50
0.52
5.2
0.50
0.54
2.8
0.50
0.36
20
0.50
0.72
3.7
0.50
0.67
7.9
0.50
0.64
12
0.50
0.57
6.8
0.50
0.46
24
0.50
0.46
7.4
10
12
2.7
0.50
0.71
7.3
0.50
0.48
4.5
0.50
0.65
14
0.50
0.59
7.8
0.50
0.50
3.2
a
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
112
97
32
91
111
115
106
104
107
71
144
133
129
113
93
91
122
142
97
130
117
99
MDL
(µg/L)
0.039
0.092
0.30
0.32
0.064
0.098
0.074
0.080
0.045
0.22
0.080
0.16
0.23
0.11
0.34
0.10
1.0
0.16
0.066
0.27
0.14
0.047
Six replicates.
Seven replicates in fortified tap water.
c
Seven replicates.
d
Data from samples extracted at pH 2 - for accurate determination of this analyte, a
separate sample must be extracted at ambient pH.
b
525.2-53
525.2-54
2.5
4.2
4.1
8.2
9.5
7.8
Fluridone
Hexazinone
Norflurazon
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Triademeton
16
2.0
Fenarimol
Tricyclazole
7.7
Fenamiphos
Compound
81
113
119
114
111
106
105
104
99
9.5
10
5.3
12
9.6
9.7
2.3
10
4.5
Relative
Mean
Standard Method
Relative
Deviatio Accuracy Standard
n
(% of True Deviatio
(%)
Conc.)
n (%)
Cartridge
99
128
145
124
119
116
104
110
108
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
Disk
Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer
19
3.7
13
4.1
3.2
5.3
3.6
6.5
6.1
Relative
Standard
Deviatio
n (%)
92
100
136
110
98
104
102
126
103
Mean
Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
Cartridge
12
9.8
8.6
11.1
11.1
8.3
4.5
5.5
8.8
Relative
Standard
Deviation
(%)
137
118
182
125
113
127
114
150
124
Mean Method
Accuracy
(% of True
Conc.)
Disk
Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer
TABLE 7. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM EIGHT DETERMINATIONS AT 5 µg/L IN REAGENT
WATER OF POORLY CHROMATOGRAPHED NITROGEN AND PHOSPHOROUS CONTAINING PESTICIDES
TABLE 8. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM SEVEN
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN TAP WATER USING
LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
Acenaphthylene
Alachlor
Aldrin
Ametryn
Anthracene
Aroclor 1016
Aroclor 1221
Aroclor 1232
Aroclor 1242
Aroclor 1248
Aroclor 1254
Aroclor 1260
Atratona
Atrazine
Benz[a]anthracene
Benzo[b]fluoranthene
Benzo[k]fluoranthene
Benzo[g,h,i]perylene
Benzo[a]pyrene
Bromacil
Butachlor
Butylate
Butylbenzylphthalate
Carboxin
Chlordane, (alpha-Chlordane)
Chlordane, (gamma-Chlordane)
Chlordane, (trans-Nonachlor)
Chlorneb
Chlorobenzilate
2-Cchlorobiphenyl
Chlorpropham
Chlorpyrifos
Chlorthalonil
Chrysene
Cyanazine
Cycloate
DCPA
4,4'-DDD
True
Conc.
Mean
% RSD
% REC
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.2
5.5
4.4
4.2
4.3
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
2.2
5.6
4.9
5.7
5.7
5.6
6.1
3.5
5.4
5.1
7.2
1.0
5.2
5.1
5.6
5.2
5.7
5.8
6.3
5.3
5.4
5.5
6.1
5.6
5.4
5.3
5.3
6.9
14
3.4
5.2
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
28
6.2
8.8
7.5
2.9
7.1
4.6
5.1
7.5
4.5
8.3
23
8.9
8.0
7.4
3.0
4.4
5.4
4.9
7.2
9.9
3.9
13
1.5
5.0
6.5
104
110
88
83
87
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
ND
43
111
97
114
113
113
121
69
109
102
144
20
104
102
111
105
114
115
127
107
108
110
122
112
107
105
525.2-55
TABLE 8. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM SEVEN
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN TAP WATER USING
LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
4,4'-DDE
4,4'-DDT
Diazinon
Dibenz[a,h]anthracene
Di-n-Butylphthalate
2,3-Dichlorobiphenyl
Dichlorvos
Dieldrin
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)adipate
Di(2-Ethylhexyl)phthalate
Diethylphthalate
Dimethylphthalate
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
2,6-Dinitrotoluene
Diphenamid
Disulfoton
Disulfoton Sulfone
Disulfoton Sulfoxide
Endosulfan I
Endosulfan II
Endosulfan Sulfate
Endrin
Endrin Aldehyde
EPTC
Ethoprop
Etridiazole
Fenamiphos
Fenarimol
Fluorene
Fluridone
HCH, alpha
HCH, beta
HCH, delta
HCH, gamma (Lindane)
Heptachlor
Heptachlor Epoxide
2,2',3,3',4,4',6-Heptachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorobenzene
True
Conc.
Mean
% RSD
% REC
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.2
5.6
4.9
5.9
6.2
5.3
2.8
5.3
6.7
6.5
6.4
5.8
4.2
4.1
5.2
2.5
5.5
9.4
5.5
5.3
5.3
6.1
5.1
5.1
6.3
5.8
5.9
7.1
5.7
6.2
5.9
5.3
5.3
5.3
4.7
5.2
5.1
4.6
6.6
9.6
8.7
7.5
4.6
7.4
7.3
7.2
10
6.6
7.4
7.1
8.7
8.5
7.7
33
7.4
11
11
9.6
7.8
3.9
9.1
2.1
4.2
7.5
22
3.3
5.2
9.0
2.6
8.4
5.2
6.9
8.7
7.7
6.9
7.4
104
111
98
118
124
106
56
105
134
130
127
116
84
82
104
50
110
188
109
106
106
121
102
102
125
117
119
141
114
125
118
106
106
107
93
105
103
93
525.2-56
TABLE 8. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM SEVEN
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN TAP WATER USING
LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
True
Conc.
Compound
2,2',4,4',5,6'-Hexachlorobiphenyl
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene
Hexazinone
Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene
Isophorone
Methoxychlor
Methyl Paraoxon
Metolachlor
Metribuzin
Mevinphos
MGK 264 - Isomer a
MGK 264 - Isomer b
Molinate
Napropamide
Norflurazon
2,2',3,3',4,5',6,6'-Octaclorobiphenyl
Pebulate
2,2',3',4,6-Pentachlorobiphenyl
Pentachlorophenol
Permethrin, cis
Permethrin, trans
Phenanthrene
Prometonaa
Prometryn
Pronamide
Propachlor
Propazine
Pyrene
Simazine
Simetryn
Stirofos
Tebuthiuron
Terbacil
Terbufos
Terbutryn
2,2',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl
Toxaphene
Triademefon
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
3.3
1.7
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
20.
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
ND
5.0
525.2-57
Mean
5.6
6.0
6.9
6.8
4.9
5.6
5.6
5.6
2.1
3.3
3.6
1.8
5.5
5.3
6.7
4.9
5.3
5.3
33
3.3
8.5
5.5
2.0
4.5
5.7
6.2
5.6
5.2
6.0
3.9
6.1
6.5
4.0
4.5
4.3
5.3
ND
6.0
% RSD
% REC
8.1
4.8
6.3
7.7
12
4.9
11
7.7
5.8
1.6
6.2
7.6
1.5
8.9
7.2
6.9
3.1
8.1
4.9
3.5
2.2
4.0
25
4.3
5.3
4.0
4.9
6.7
9.0
7.0
12
9.7
5.5
8.4
6.5
4.3
ND
12
112
120
138
135
99
112
111
111
42
67
107
110
110
106
135
97
106
107
162
130
113
109
40
89
115
124
113
104
120
78
121
130
79
90
86
106
ND
121
TABLE 8. ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FROM SEVEN
DETERMINATIONS OF THE METHOD ANALYTES IN TAP WATER USING
LIQUID-SOLID C-18 CARTRIDGE EXTRACTION AND THE ION TRAP
MASS SPECTROMETER
Compound
2,4,5-Trichlorobiphenyl
Tricyclazole
Trifluralin
Vernolate
True
Conc.
Mean
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.0
5.2
4.8
5.9
5.4
a
% RSD
5.1
5.2
7.8
3.3
% REC
103
96
119
108
Data from samples extracted at pH 2 - for accurate determination of this analyte, a
separate sample must be extracted at ambient pH.
525.2-58
525.2-59
525.2-60
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement